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DEPARTMENT OF PROVINCIAL SECRETARY ANNUAL REPORT OF THE MENTAL HOSPITALS OF THE PROVINCE OF BRITISH COLUMBIA… British Columbia. Legislative Assembly [1929]

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 DEPARTMENT OP PROVINCIAL SECRETARY
ANNUAL REPORT
OP   THE
MENTAL HOSPITALS
OF   THE
PROVINCE OF BRITISH COLUMBIA
FOR 12 MONTHS ENDED MARCH 31ST
1928
PRINTED BY
AUTHORITY OP THE LEGISLATIVE ASSEMBLY.
VICTORIA,  B.C. :
Printed by Chables F. Banfield, Printer to the King's Most Excellent Majesty.
1929.
  To His Honour Robert Randolph Bruce,
Lieutenant-Governor of the Province of British Columbia.
May it please Tour Honour :
The undersigned respectfully submits herewith the Annual Report of the Medical Superintendent of the Mental Hospitals for the fiscal year ended March 31st, 1928.
S. L. HOWE,
Provincial Secretary.
Provincial Secretary's Office.
  TABLE OF CONTENTS.
PART I.—MEDICAL. Page.
Officers and Staff, List of    7
Report—General  Medical  Superintendent     9
Report, Laboratory—Director of Laboratory  12
Report—X-ray Department  12
Report—Visiting Dentist  13
Statistical Tables—
1. Movement of Population during Year  14
2. Summary of Operations of Hospitals since Inception  16
3. Admissions, Discharges, and Deaths  17
4. Civil State of Patients admitted  17
5. Religious Denominations of Patients  17
6. Educational Status of Patients  18
7. Nationality of Patients  18
8. Districts from which Patients were admitted  19
9. Occupation of Patients prior to Admission  20
10. Age of Patients on Admission  21
11. Number of Attacks at Time of Admission.  21
12. Alleged Duration of Attacks prior to Admission  21
13. Table of Heredity  22
14. Alleged Cause of Insanity in Patients admitted  22
15. State of Bodily Health of Patients admitted  22
16. Form of Mental Disorder in Patients admitted  23
17a. Probation, Number allowed out on, Essondale  23
17b. Probation, Number allowed out on, New Westminster  23
17c Probation, Number allowed out on, Saanich  24
18a. Discharges, showing Alleged Duration of Insanity, Essondale  24
18b. Discharges, showing Alleged Duration of Insanity, New Westminster  24
18c Discharges, showing Alleged Duration of Insanity, Saanich  24
19a. Discharges, showing Length of Residence in Hospital and Condition at Time of
Discharge, Essondale  25
19b. Discharges, showing Length of Residence in Hospital and Condition at Time of
Discharge, New Westminster  25
19c Discharges, showing Length of Residence in Hospital and Condition at Time of
Discharge,   Saanich , ,  25
20. Deaths, Cause of, and Length of Time in Hospital, Essondale, New Westminster,
and Saanich   26
21. Deportations, New Westminster, Essondale, and Saanich  29
PART IL—FINANCIAL.
Report—Bursar     30
Balance-sheet and Profit and Loss Account, New Westminster  32
Balance-sheet and Profit and Loss Account, Essondale  33
Balance-sheet and Profit and Loss Account, Saanich  34
A. Average Residence, Maintenance, and Per Capita Cost since Inception  35
'      '  Analysis of Gross Per Capita Cost 36, 37
C       )
„'..    I  Yearly Gross Expenditure, Analysis of, since Inception 38, 39
CM
D. Summary of Gross and Net Per Capita Cost in all Hospitals  40
E. Expense and Revenue Statement, New Westminster  41
F. Expense and Revenue Statement, Essondale  43
G. Expense and Revenue Statement, Saanich  45
 X 6
TABLE OF CONTENTS.
Production Tables— Page.
Revenue, Table of, since Inception  47
Report, Financial—Tailor's Department .'  47
Report, Financial—Shoemaker's Department  49
Articles made by Female Patients 49, 50
Mending done by Female Patients  50
Work done by Patients at Essondale  50
Work done by Patients at New Westminster  50
Work done by Teams at Essondale  50
Supplies produced at New Westminster  51
Supplies produced at Golquitz...  51
PART III.—COLONY FARM.
Report—Farm Superintendent  52
Report—Financial, General—Bursar —  52
Balance-sheet   54
Profit and Loss Account  55
Dairy and Herds Department—
Profit and Loss Account  56
Production and Costs Account .'.  56
Milk Production and Cost  56
Bull Department—Profit and Loss Account  57
Mature Gow Department—Profit and Loss Account  57
Yearling Department—Profit and Loss Account  57
Calves Department—Profit and Loss Account  58
Work-horse Department—
Sales and Deaths Account  59
Horse-labour Account 3  59
Horse-labour performed  59
Sheep Department—Profit and Loss Account.  60
Hog Department—Profit and Loss Account  60
Poultry Department—Profit and Loss Account  61
Cannery—Profit and Loss Account 3  61
Truck-garden and Nursery—Profit and Loss Account  61
Crop Department—Profit and Loss Account, etc .'. 62-64
Tractor Account  65
Maintenance and Administration, General  65
Produce supplied to Essondale  65
Produce supplied to New Westminster  66
Accounts receivable....  66
Inventories—
Trees, Shrubs, etc., supplied to Public Schools and Institutions  67
Colony Farm Nursery  67
Equipment     68
Cows  68
Yearlings   71
Calves  72
Herd Bulls   73
Work-horses  73
Hogs   74
Sheep  76
Poultry    -  76
Feed and Sundries, Poultry Department   76
Feed and Sundries, Essondale Hog Department  77
Feed  77
 DEPARTMENT OF PROVINCIAL SECRETARY.
Hon. S. L. Howe, Provincial Secretary. P. Walker, Deputy Provincial Secretary.
A. L. Crease, M.D., CM., Medical Superintendent.
E. J. Ryan, M.D., CM., Assistant Medical Superintendent.
G. S. Macgowan, Bursar.
OFFICERS AND STAFF, ESSONDALE.
Medical:
L. E. Sauriol, M.D., CM., L.M.CC
A. M. Gee, M.D., CM., L.M.CC
U. P. Byrne, M.B., L.M.CC
J. E. Matheson, M.B., L.M.CC      "
G. Mathewson, Chief Attendant.
Miss B. Willgress, R.N., Matron.
F. J. Fish, Clinical Clerk.
I. H. Wedge, Clinical Stenographer.
Business:
C Fletcher, Assistant Bursar.
J. Pumphrey, Steward.
M. H. McCabe, Book-keeper.
Thos. Weeks, Book-keeper.
Miss A. Haslam, Stenographer.
Chaplains:
Rev. Arnold Turner, Protestant.
Rev. Father Pare, Roman Catholic.
Trades, Essondale:
J. L. Malcolm, Chief Engineer.
E. B. Stinchcombe, Outside Overseer.
W. G. Armour, Baker.
H. Lonsdale, Builder.
E. Fitzgerald, Mason.
E. Rushton, Auto Mechanic.
A. Cooter, Chief Cook.
W. Worrall, Laundryman.
T. Mowbray, Electrician.
J. Symington, Plumber.
W. J. Willows, Barber.
C Salter, Occupational Therapy.
OFFICERS AND STAFF, NEW WESTMINSTER.
Medical:
C E. Benwell, M.B., L.M.CC
B. H. O. Harry, M.D., CM., L.M.CC
Miss M. Fillmore, Matron.
F. Spooner, Chief Attendant.
F. Gillard, Clinical Clerk and Stenographer.
Business:
Thos. Cambridge, Assistant Bursar.
J. F. O'Reilly, Steward.
Chaplains:
Rev. F. W. Auvache, Protestant.
Rev. Father Plamandon, Roman Catholic.
R. T. Hall, Carpenter.
J. Booth, Gardener.
W. F. Johnston, Engineer.
H. Bailey, Farmer.
Trades, New Westminster:
E. B. Jones, Laundryman.
J. McMillan, Shoemaker.
Wm. Powell, Painter.
W. W. Galloway, Tailor.
C M. Doyle, Plumber.
OFFICERS AND STAFF, COLONY FARM.
P. H. Moore, B.A., B.S.A., Superintendent.
J. Lobban, Record Clerk.
Granby Farrant, Supervisor.
OFFICERS AND STAFF, COLQUITZ.
Geo. Hall, M.D., CM., Visiting Physician.
Harry Hoult, Chief Attendant.
    REPORT OF THE MEDICAL SUPERINTENDENT
For the Twelve Months ended March 31st, 1928.
PART I—MEDICAL.
Provincial Mental Hospital,
Essondale, B.C.,
April 1st, 1928.
The Honourable the Provincial Secretary,
Parliament Buildings, Victoria, B.C
Sir,—I have the honour to submit herewith for your consideration the Fifty-sixth Annual
Report of the Provincial Mental Hospitals at Essondale, New Westminster, and Saanich.
The total admissions during the year were 542. Ten years ago the number of admissions
was 375, and, in comparison, one can see that the general increase of admissions is being
maintained. The population during the past year is clearly set out in the following table and
gives one a general grasp of the movements of the Hospital population during that period:—
Movement of Population.
Male.
Female.
Total.
1,498
40
344
627
36
198
2,125
76
542
1,882
861
2,743
Discharged in full during the year	
148
47
112
77
So
35
225
102
147
year	
Total discharged and deaths during
307
167
474
In residence at March 31st. 1928	
1-.WTC
694
2,269
(1.)  Increase in the number of admissions this year as compared to last..       48
(2.)  Net increase in population in residence at the end of the year      144
(3.)  Rate of deaths to total treated (per cent.)      5.36
(4.)  Rate of discharges to admissions (exclusive of deaths)  (percent.).:.. 60.33
ADMISSIONS.
An analysis of the birthplace column of the registers shows that 213 (or 39.29 per cent.)
were of Canadian birth, 194 (or 35.79 per cent.) were born in other parts of the British Empire,
and 130 (or 23.98 per cent.) were of foreign birth.
The types of mental condition admitted run much the same as in previous years; on an
average, those suffering from general paresis showed a slight decline. Those of lower mentality
have shown a. very slight increase from 37 last year to 40 this year.
DISCHARGES.
From experience, it has been found that cases admitted in the very early stages of their
mental trouble have a better chance of recovery than those who receive their treatment at a
later date.    The following table shows this quite clearly:—
Table showing the Alleged Duration op Insanity, prior to Admission, in
those discharged from the Three Institutions during the Year
April 1st, 1927, to March 31st, 1928.
Less than six months  ,  123
Over six months      43
Duration not known       56
Not insane        3
Total  225
 X 10 MENTAL HOSPITALS REPORT. 1927-28.
In all, 225 were fully discharged during the year. Of these, 72 were recovered, 105 improved,
45 unimproved, and 3 had no psychosis. Out of the number discharged in full, 34 were repatriated, 20 being deported by the Immigration Department, and 14 returned through the kindness
of friends and relatives.
I would like to extend, at this opportunity, our very sincere appreciation of the valuable
work done by the Canadian Immigration Department, which has been of such great assistance
to us in our deportation cases. Some of these cases, as may be imagined, are most difficult to
handle on account of lack of reliable information, but the Immigration Department has been
most co-operative and taken endless trouble in obtaining the details necessary to establish the
various cases.
If one considers the average hospital life to extend over a period of ten years (which is a
very conservative figure), and our per capita cost is reckoned at 82.36 cents per day, the Immigration officials have saved this Province a little over $28 per day, which would run into many
thousands of dollars at the end of ten years.
The institution as a whole is greatly overcrowded, especially on the female side, and we are
looking forward with a good deal of anticipation to the time when the new Female Chronic
Building will be completed and will be available for the care and treatment of the women
patients. The building will be modern, light, and cannot fail to have an elevating effect on
the spirit of those who will be domiciled there. In the male division extra space will be given
by the addition of another wing to our Cottage Building, which is situated on the farm. It is
desirable, where possible, to have a colony unit, as the experience of those directing the treatment of patients suffering from a psychosis has been that colonies are favoured by them.
TREATMENT.
Since the erection of the Acute Main Building and the establishment of the Psychopathic
Ward, both male and female patients have been admitted and treated in this building. On
account of the modern equipment we have been able to carry out the more advanced methods
adopted in the treatment of the mentally ill. Owing, however, to the overcrowding of the
institution, we have not been able to have patients as long on the psychopathic floor as desired.
Malaria and tryparsamide treatments for general paresis are being administered, but it has
been found difficult to keep the malaria in active growth. Sooner or later it diminishes and
new has to be obtained, often with considerable difficulty, and at times it is almost impossible
to procure it.
LABORATORY.
Our Laboratory and X-ray equipment are gradually being added to, and it has been found
that the money expended in this connection has been amply repaid in benefit to the patients.
The Laboratory, in charge of Dr. Matheson, has been active and of great assistance to the
medical staff in aiding them to make a finer diagnosis.
ACTIVITIES.
During the past year 10,000 yards of dirt were taken from the front of the residences on
the hill and placed on the dykes along the Coquitlam River. This was accomplished quickly
and just before the peak of the high water. After this was done a large airing-court on the
hillside was completed to take the place of the old one, which was quite inadequate. It has
been greatly enjoyed by the patients as it offers a superior view and has considerably more
space. Part of the land on the hillside, between the school and the permanent lawns, was put
in orchard, and, as more of the land is cleared, further fruit-trees will be planted. This will
enable us to have more fresh fruit and crop to supply to the cannery, and will also add to the
appearance of the approach to the institution. Grading for a permanent site for garages at the
back of the buildings has been done. A new tennis-court was made at the Colony Farm.
The billiard-room was completely renovated and now offers a pleasant place for recreation
purposes for the staff during their hours off duty. A Fire Chief and his assistant have been
appointed and are doing splendid work. After the first survey the necessity of a fire service
was even more apparent than formerly.
FINANCES.
For a full recapitulation of the financial operations of the Hospitals during the past fiscal
year I would refer you to Mr. Macgowan's letter and accompanying tables.
 COLONY FARM.
The report of the Farm Superintendent shows clearly the operations of this branch of the
Hospital.
RECOMMENDATIONS.
(1) Segregation of the feeble-minded; (2) Psychopathic Building; (3) Social Service;
(4) building with increased facilities for the sick and infirm.
Now that it has been decided to erect a new Chronic Female Wing, a Nurses' Home, and to
enlarge the Farm Cottage, also an apartment-house, we are looking forward with keen anticipation to the day when the contracts will be awarded and the buildings completed.
ACKNOWLEDGMENTS.
In closing, I wish to acknowledge with sincere appreciation the splendid work performed by
Mrs. Ellis, convener of the Red Cross Visiting Committee, in providing entertainment and
supplying extra comforts to our soldier patients. I would also like to mention Mr. Rylett,
representative of the Canadian Legion, who has been untiring in his interest on behalf of the
returned soldier patients and whose recommendations have been of great assistance to us.
To your favourable notice I wish to commend all members of the staffs of the three
Hospitals for their loyal service and support. Through their co-operation and application to
duty the difficulties of office have been lessened and the work of caring for the mentally ill made
easier. I would especially like to draw to your attention Dr. E. J. Ryan, Assistant Medical
Superintendent in charge of the Mental Hospital at New Westminster, and Mr. Farrant, Supervisor of the Mental Home, Colquitz, for their unswerving attention to duty and the minute care
which they have bestowed on the Hospitals under their supervision.
To you, Sir, to the Deputy Minister, and to the Civil Service Commissioner I owe grateful
acknowledgment for your sympathetic attention to and understanding of the many matters
biought before you throughout the year, and without which it would be impossible for the
progress of the Hospital to be maintained.
I have the honour to be,
Sir,
Your obedient servant,
A. L. CREASE,
Medical Superintendent.
 X 12 MENTAL HOSPITALS REPORT, 1927-28.
LABOEATOEY EEPOET.
Provincial Mental Hospital,
Essondale, B.C, March 31st, 1928.
A. L. Crease, Esq., M.D., CM.,
Medical Superintendent, Mental Hospitals of B.C., Essondale, B.C.
Sir,—Following is a report of the work performed in the Laboratory at Essondale in the
year ended March 31st, 1928. As the Laboratory was not officially operating until October, 1927,
this report covers only the six months.
Urinalysis   618
Kahns—■
Positive        6
Negative       55
Quantitative sugars       4
Sputa      18
Smears—■
Throat      77
Vaginal       2
Blood-counts       4
Cultures        10
Nose and throat      71
Autopsies       1
Sections      10
The Kahn precipitation test has replaced the Wassermann in the determination of patients
with specific infection.
I have, etc.,
J. E. Matheson,
Pathologist.
X-EAY EEPOET.
Provincial Mental Hospital,
Essondale, B.C., March 31st, 1928.
A. L. Crease, Esq., M.D., CM.,
Medical Superintendent, Provincial Mental Hospital, Essondale, B.C.
Sir,—Following is a report of the work performed in the X-ray Department of the Hospital
from April 1st, 1927, to March 31st, 1928 :—
Head and sinuses   19
Vertebra?   18
Teeth  30
Extremities ■-  69
Chest    29
Gastro-intestinal   14
Pelvis   6
Total exposures   185
I have, etc.,
A. M. Gee,
Physician and Roentgenologist.
 DENTAL REPORT. X 13
DENTAL EEPOET.
Provincial Mental Hospital,
Essondale, B.C, June 20th, 1928.
A. L. Crease, Esq., M.D., CM.,
Medical Superintendent, Mental Hospitals of B.C., Essondale, B.C.
Sir,—I beg to submit herewith report of dental work performed during the year ended
March 31st,  1928:—
Abscesses treated   4
Bridges repaired  :  3
Bridges reset  :  5
Denture adjustments   15
Denture repairs  32
Dentures  .'  27
Extractions     351
Fillings, amalgam  44
Fillings, synthetic porcelain  .-.  39
General anaesthetics   4
Mandibular injections   6
Other treatments    11
Pyorrhoea treatment   1
Scaling and cleaning   40
I have, etc.,
F. P. Smith,
Dental Surgeon.
 X 14
MENTAL HOSPITALS REPORT, 1927-28.
STATISTICAL TABLES.
Table No. 1.—Showing the Operations op the Hospitals, Essondale, New Westminster, and
Saanich, from April 1st, 1927, to March 31st, 1928.
Movement of Population.
Male.
Female.
Total.
Total.
Male.
Female.
Total.
In residence, Essondale, March 31st, 1927	
1222
101
175
38
2
61
566
11
25
1,283
667
175
49
27
1,538
344
■663
198
In residence, New Westminster, March 31st, 1927	
In residence,  Saanich, March 31st, 1927	
On probation, carried forward from 1926-27, Essondale
On probation, carried forward from 1926-27, New Westminster             	
On probation, carried forward from 1926-27, Saanich
Escaped, carried forward from 1926-27, New Westminster
Escaped, carried forward from 1926-'2'7, Saanich	
2,201
Admitted during the year 1027-28—
328
9
■5
1
1
194
3
1
'522
12
5
1
'2
From the Yukon	
542
37
62
33
3
45
105
11
16
3
36
16
48
78
36
3
81
121
and Saanich, April 1st, 1927, to March 31st, 1928..
Discharged   during  period   April   1st,   1927,   to   March
31st, 1928—
(a.)   From Essondale—
1,882
307
861
167
2,743
(6.)  From New Westminster—
285
82
367
4
2
1
1
2
20
23
4
19
19
24
25
■5
20
21
Die"d     	
(c.)   From Saanich—
10
85
95
2
-1
1
5
2
4
1
'5
Died     .                   	
Total  discharged   from   Essondale,   New   Westminster,
12
12
1
	
   I
474
Total in  residence,  Essondale,  New Westminster,  and
1,575   ]
694
2,269
 STATISTICAL TABLES.
X 15
Table No. 1.—Showing the Operations of the Hospitals, Essondale, New Westminster, and
Saanich, from April 1st, 1927, to March 31st, 192.8—Continued.
Movement of Population.
Male.
Female.
Total.
Total.
Male.
Female.
Total.
Essondale—■
Total on books, March 31st, 1927	
1,260
344
12
1
72
198
1,332
'542
12
1
1,617
376
270
156
Deceived from Saanich	
1,887
283
23
68
82
74
367
97
68
532
103
23
591
74
694
97
Total in residence, Essondale, March 31st, 1928	
1,241
114
1,355
New Westminster—
Total on books, March '31st, 1927            	
126
22
665
85
791
10
12
85
95
12
107
175
68
175
68
Total in residence, New Westminster, March 31st, 1928..
104
580
684
Saanich—
Total on books, March 31st, 1927	
243
13
243
12
1
12
1
13
1,241
104
230
114
580
1,355
684
230
Total in residence, Saanich, March 31st, 1928	
230
230
Total in residence, Essondale, March 31st. 1928	
Total in residi nee, New Westminster, March 31st, 1928-
Total in residence, Saanich, March 31st, 1928	
1,575
■694
Grand total in residence, Essondale, New Westminster,
and Saanich, March 31st, 1928	
Daily average  population  2,191.52
Percentage of discharges on admissions  (not including deaths)        60.33
Percentage of recoveries on admissions         13.28
Percentage of deaths on whole number under treatment  5.367
 X 16
MENTAL HOSPITALS REPORT, 1927-28.
Table No. 2.—Showing in Summary Form the Operations op the Hospital since
its Inception.
Year.
1872	
1873	
1874	
1875	
1876	
1877	
1878	
1879	
1880	
1881	
1882 \
1883	
1884	
1885	
1886	
1887	
1888	
1889	
1890	
1891	
1892	
1893	
1894	
1895	
1896	
1897	
1898 	
1899	
1900	
1901	
1902	
1903	
1904	
1905	
1906	
1907	
1908	
1909	
1910	
1911	
1912	
1913	
1914	
1915	
1916	
1917	
1918	
Jao. 1,1919, to
Mar. 31, 1920
1920-1921	
1921-1922	
1922-1923	
1923-1924	
1924-1925	
1925-1926	
1926-1927	
1927-1928	
18
15
12
29
22
14
16
18
17
13
7
8
10
20
27
36
26
41
52
49
52
44
80
62
64
74
81
101
113
115
121
139
115
123
150
221
230
232
280
332
375
380
402
332
353
371
375
574
489
478
438
447
461
475
494
542
Discharges.
1
10
4
3
11
4
7
4
5
5
3
4
2
5
10
15
12
14
17
19
17
14
13
29
23
20
27
31
38
40
30
38
46
43
36*
48
68*
73t
84
67J
74*
90§
58
83
73t
88
75
116
88
96
91
84t
63
5711
7fi§
75*
s? a
5
6
5
6
4
10
18
19
11
25
8
13
32
27
20
31
37
26
33
43
43
56
77
82
114
128
146
126
91
96
78
95
221
173
178
167
121
242
240
171
252
1
5
3
10
5
3
8
8
5
5
2
3
2
5
6
5
3
4
12
20
13
14
19
20
9
14
19
21
29
25
25
26
26
27
28
39
57
40
41
60
76
67
74
89 ■
80
106
132
132
122
114
133
163
138
142
161
147
U    CO
f*H   -r^  K"1
16
14
19
32
35
38
36
41
48
48
49
49
51
61
66
77
82
100
117
123
135
133
162
164
171
203
221
234
258
284
311
349
321
348
388
461
507
536
595
690
752
919
1,027
1,090
1,205
1.301
1,347
1,458
1,566
1,649
1,697
1,784
1,884
1,995
2,125
2,269
5
13
3
3
5
7
10
5
11
5
18
17
6
12
29
2
7
32
18
13
24
26
27
38
27
43
73
46
29
48
105
62
167
108
63
115
96
46
111
108
83
48
87
100
111
130
144
28
330 T3
rZ      C3D
O r-i
rr &
18
31
26
48
54
49
54
54
58
61
55
57
59
71
88
102
103
123
152
166
175
179
213
224
228
246
285
327
356
377
413
466
480
505
552
666
765
816
896
1,034
1,065
1.264
1.364
1,437
1,527
1,650
1,753
2,025
2,043
2,137
2,180
2,234
2,327
2,434
2,565
2,743
m a
<rr T?
Is
o.2
5.55
66.66
33.33
10.34
50.00
28.57
43.75
22.22
29.41
38.46
42.85
50.00
20.00
25.00
37.03
41.66
46.15
34.15
32.69
38.77
32.69
31.81
16.25
46.77
35.93
27.03
33.33
30.69
33.63
34 78
24.79
27.34
40 00
33.33
23.03
21.30
28.30
31.00
30.00
19.57
18.90
22 63
14.43
25.00
20.68
23.72
20.00
20.20
14.17
20.08
20.77
18.56
13.66
12.00
15.38
13.28
P—1     -     QJ
°<rg
too g
8 r?sJ
r.5r3.£r5
rt   O   a)   O
5.55
80.00
33.33
26.89
63.63
78.57
62.50
27.77
29.41
61.54
57.14
62.50
60.00
25.00
59.25
55.55
69.23
46.34
44.23
46.94
51.92
72.72
40.00
64.51
75.00
37. S3
49.38
62.37
57.52
52.17
50.41
53.96
62.61
61.78
52.06
41.20
53.90
64.60
59.28
54.42
53.80
62.10
45 77
52.41
47.87
44.74
45.33
58.71
72 60
57.32
59.3 ;
64.20
66.16
62.53
50 00
60.33
a> a ^
too B|
o.oo
16.12
11.53
20.83
9.35
6.12
16.16
14.81
8.62
8.19
3.63
5.26
3.33
6.94
6.81
4.80
2.87
3.25
7.64
11.69
6.95
7.60
8.92
8.92
3.94
5.69
6.66
6.42
8.14
6.63
6.06
5.57
5.42
5.34
5.04
5.08
7.44
6.40
4.57
5.83
7.02
5.30
5.43
6.19
5 24
6.42
7.47
6 51
5.97
5.33
6.10
7.25
5.93
5.83
6.27
5.36
' Three not insane.
t One not insane.
t Two not insane.
i I-'our not insane.
[j Six not insane.
 STATISTICAL TABLES.
X 17
Table No. 3.—Showing the Total Number op Admissions, Discharges, and Deaths from
April 1st, 1927, to March 31st, 1928.
Months.
Admissions.
Male.      Female.     Total.
Discharges.
Male.      Female.     Total
Deaths.
Male.      Female.     Total
1927.
April	
May	
June	
July	
August	
September	
October	
November	
December	
1928.
January	
February	
March	
Total
24
37
24
32
28
20
19
25
29
30
4S
28
21
20
13
19
21
15
15
11
13
23
9
18
198
45
57
37
51
49
35
35
36
42
53
57
46
10
13
10
16
15
15
9
23
24
8
4
6
1
12
11
3
13
15
21
9
12
11
28
26
23
10
36
29
542
148
77
225
13
11
4
6
1
11
4
10
2
7
5
8
3
13
4
6
6
■8
1
12
2
7
3
112
13
15
7
15
12
12
11
17
12
14
10
147
Table No. 4.—Showing Civil State of Patients admitted from April 1st, 1927,
to March 31st, 1928.
Civil State.
Male.
Female.
Total.
119
198
5
21
1
119
4'8
1
30
238
246
6
51
1
Totals	
344
198
542
Table No. 5.—Showing Religious Denominations of Patients admitted from April 1st, 1927,
to March 31st, 1928.
Religious Denominations.
Male.
Female.
Total.
1
5
2
4
1
5
2
20
3
222
70
1
8
1
3
1
2
S
154
28
1
1
Buddhist -.	
6
4
1
6
4
28
3
376
98
1
9
Totals	
344
 !
198
1
542
 X 18
MENTAL HOSPITALS REPORT, 1927-28.
Table No. 6.—Showing the Degree of Education of those admitted from April 1st, 1927,
to March 31st, 1928.
Degree of Education.
Male
Total.
Good	
                          16
13
162
11
12
29
                           258
420
Poor	
.. ..                      51
62
None	
           19
31
Totals	
                        344
198
542
Table No. 7.—Showing the Nationality of those admitted from April 1st, 1927, to
March 31st, 1928.
Nationality.
Male.
Female.
Total.
4
4
1
2
4
2
80
5
1
4
3
1 '
1
1
4
11
8
2
1
1
6
4
17
1
1
9
20
5
3
5
36
8
9
11
41
1
13
5
1
2
1
37
1
4
4
1
2
2
6
3
1
1
2
2
2
1
18
1
1
1
19
3
2
30
1
5
2
34
1
4
3
1
6
4
1
2
4
3
117
6
5
4
7
1
Holland                   	
2
1
2
6
17
Italv                	
11
6
3
1
3
8
5
5
35
2
1
9
1
1
United  States    	
39
5
6
Canada—
7
66
9
14
13
75
2
17
8
2
Totals    ..             ;
344
198
542
 STATISTICAL TABLES.
X 19
Table No. 8.—Showing what Districts contributed Patients from April 1st, 1927, to
March 31st, 1928.
Place of Residence.
Male.
Female.
Total.
Place of Residence.
Male.
Female.
Total.
Abbotsford 	
Agassis 	
Alberni 	
Alert  Bay  	
Armstrong 	
Arrow Park 	
Ashcroft	
Barnet	
Barnston  Island 	
B.C. Penitentiary 	
Bella Coola 	
Bevan 	
Bradner  	
Bridesville 	
Brisco 	
Britannia Beach	
Burnaby 	
Campbell River	
Canoe 	
ChiRiwack  	
Cloverdale  	
Coal Creek 	
Copper City 	
Cordova Bay 	
Cortes   Island 	
Courtenay   	
Cranbrook   	
Crescent  :	
Creston	
Dawson Creek 	
Dennison   	
Dent Island 	
Deroche   	
Dewdney 	
Duncan	
Elko   	
Esquimalt   	
Extension  	
Fernie 	
Field 	
Fife	
Fort Liard 	
Grand Forks 	
Grantham's  Landing ....
Hammond   	
Hat Creek 	
Healey   	
Hope  	
Hopkins Landing 	
Hudson  Hope  	
Huntingdon 	
Kamioops 	
Kelowna    	
Kimberley   	
Kitchener 	
Ladner 	
Ladysmith  	
Langley  Prairie   	
Lantzville   	
Lulu Island 	
Lumberton —	
Lumby  	
Lytton   	
Carried forward
1
2
2
1
1
1
1
1
1
3
1
1
i
1
1
1
12
2
1
6
2
1
1
1
1
1
2
2
1
1
1
1
1
1
6
1
1
1
2
1
1
1
11
3
1
1
1
3
1
1
3
1
1
1
Brought forward
Mamette Lake 	
Mile  77  	
Mission   	
Nanaimo  	
Nelson   	
New Westminster 	
North Bend	
Northfleld   	
Oakalla Prison Farm ....
Palling 	
Pender Harbour  	
Penticton	
Pitt Meadow's 	
Port Coquitlam 	
Port Hammond 	
Port Haney 	
Powell River  .".	
Prince George 	
Prince- Rupert 	
Princeton    	
Pritchard	
Quamichan   	
Quatsino   	
Revelstoke  	
Rocky  Point  	
Rossland    ....
Saanich   	
Saanichton   	
Salmon Arm  	
Sardis 	
Shawnigan Lake 	
Sidney   	
Smithers   	
Sperling  —
Squamish  :	
Steveston 	
Stewart	
Sumas	
Summerland    	
Surge Narrows 	
Surrey Centre 	
Telkwa	
Terrace      	
Theodosia Arm 	
Trail   	
Tranquille	
Van an da	
Vancouver  	
Vancouver, North 	
Vancouver, South 	
Vancouver, West 	
Vanderhoof  	
Vernon  	
Victoria   	
Wasa   	
Westbridge   	
White Rock 	
Williams  Lake  	
Willoughby   	
Winlaw   	
Yukon Territory 	
Totals	
1
4
2
2
19
1
38
1
91
21
114
1
1
2
6
4
16
1
1
4
1
1
2
1
3
3
5
1
4
8
3
1
1
1
5
1
2
2
1
1
1
1
2
1
1
1
2
3
2
1
1
1
1
1
1
4
1
1
248
11
2
6
2
2
40
1
1
1
2
1
1
1
344
198
 X 20
MENTAL HOSPITALS REPORT, 1927-28.
Table No. 9.—Showing the Occupations of those admitted from April 1st, 1927, to
March 31st, 1928.
Occupation.
Male.
Female.
Total.
Occupation.
Male.
Female.
Total.
5
1
2
1
4
1
2
1
11
1
1
13
1
1
1
1
4
1
1
1
4
1
26
2
4
1
2
1
2
4
1
1
98
18
1
3
1
2
1
2
2
1
15.
119
1
5
1
2
1
4
1
2
1
11
1
1
13
1
1
1
1
4
1
1
1
4
1
26
2
4   '
1
2
1
2
1
15
119
4
1
1
08
1
18
1
3
1
2
1
2
2
Brought forward....
Mill-worker  	
231
8
2
9
1
1
1
29
1
7
1
1
1
1
1
3
1
1
3
i
6
7
2
1
1
1
1
2
1
1
4
3
1
1
1
3
1
o
1
136
1
36
5
6
9
1
2
1
1
367
8
2
9
1
1
1
1
65
1
Clerk
1
1
1
1
Cook                    	
1
Prospector 	
1
1
9
Rooming-house proprietor
Sailor	
1
6
Salesman   	
7
2
Servant    "	
Sheet-metal  worker  	
Showman 	
9
1
1
1
1
1
4
1
'31
4
1
1
1
3
1
1
2
1
Totals	
Messenger   	
344 .
198
542
Carried forward....
231
136
367
 STATISTICAL TABLES.
X 21
Table No. 10.—Showing the Ages of those admitted from April 1st, 1927, to March 31st, 1928.
Age.
Male.
Female.
Total.
14
20
32
29
28
40
33
41
23
17
19
24
14
6
4
6
9
14
11
18
24
33
29
21
7
9
5
3
4
5
20
„       20                                         	
29
„      25     „                  	
46
„      30     „     	
40
35     „     	
46
40     „     	
64
45      „    .*                   	
66
50     „                                   	
70
55     „                         .'.	
44
60     „    	
24
65     „                                    ...             	
28
„       70     „                                    	
29
„       75     „                                	
17
80     „    	
10
Over     80     ,,                 	
9
Totals                        	
344
198
542
Table No. 11.—Showing the Number of Attacks in those admitted from April 1st, 1927, to
March 31st, 1928.
Number of Attacks.
Male.
Female.
Total.
First	
169
41
14
2
5
3
110
116
37
10
3
3
29
285
78
Third	
24
Fourth	
5
8
3
Unknown	
139
Totals             	
344
198
542
Table No. 12.—Showing the Alleged Duration of Attack prior to Admission from April 1st,
1927, to March 31st, 1928.
Duration of Attack.
Male.
Female.
Total.
56
55
37
15
21
11
12
4
2
12
3
116
25
41
26
12
4
7
20
4
2
8
49
81
96
63
6      „       	
27
„     12                        .    ..
25
„      2 years	
18
5     „      	
32
„    10     „      	
8
„    15     „      	
4
Over   15     „                 	
20
Not insane •                	
3
Unknown :	
165
Totals	
344
198
542
 -
X 22
MENTAL HOSPITALS REPORT, 1927-28.
Table No. 13.—Showing Statistics of Heredity in those admitted from April 1st, 1927, to
March 31st, 1928.
Heredity.
Male.
Female.
Total.
2
46
34
■259
3
4
5
33
13
143
m
4
7
79
47
402
3
Totals           ...	
344
198
542
Table No. 14.—Showing the Alleged Cause of Attack in those admitted from April 1st, 1927,
to March 31st, 1928.
Alleged Cause.
Male.     1
I
Female.
1
Total.
20
17
2
119
24
40
34
2
27
3
39
2
3
1
■■'
2
6
2
2
1
78
2
1
33
'     13
5
4
1
5
2
2
0
1
18
4
2
1
11
22
23
4
2
1
197
26
1
79
47
4
1
32
2
2
3
0
1
6
2
3
2
2
14
"44
198
542
Table No. 15.—Showing the State of Bodily Health in those admitted from April 1st,
to March 31st, 1928.
1927,
Bodily Condition.
Male.
Female.
Total.
153
133
58
77
87
34
230
220
92
Totals. 	
344
198
542
 STATISTICAL TABLES.
X 23
Table No. 16.—Showing the Form of Mental Disorder in those admitted from April 1st, 1927,
to March 31st, 1928.
Form of Disorder.
Male.
Female.
Total.
Acute agitated depression	
Acute mania	
Alcoholic psychosis	
Alcoholic pseudo-paresis	
Arteriosclerotic dementia	
Cerebrospinal lues	
Chronic mania	
Dementia prtecox	
Epileptic	
General paresis	
Hypomania	
Imoecility and idiocy	
Involutional  melancholia	
Manic depressive	
Moron	
Not insane	
Not yet diagnosed	
Paranoia	
Psychasthenia	
Psychoneurosis	
Psychopathic inferiority	
Psychosis and paralysis agitans
Senile dementia .v	
Somatic disease and psychosis....
Tabo paresis....	
Toxic psychosis	
Traumatic psychosis	
Totals	
1
1
4
5
9
1
1
1
1
18
5
23
3
o
5
1
1
74
39
113
24
3
27
22
3
25
1
1
24
36
40
3
5
8
74
69
143
4
3
7
3
3
1
1
2
12
14
26
1
1
3
3
5
1
6
1
1
37
17
54
2
5
7
3
3
20
8
28
3
3
344
198
542
Table No. 17a.—Showing the Number allowed out on Probation and Results from April 1st,
1927, to March 31st, 1928, Essondale.
Results.
Male.
Female.
Total.
37
62
33
3
19
45
11
16
3
7
36
48
78
Discharged unimproved	
36
26
81
Totals	
199
 1
73
272
Table No. 17b.—Showing the Number allowed out on Probation and Results from April 1st,
1927, to March 31st, 1928, New Westminster.
Results.
Male.
Female.
Total.
Discharged recovered	
Discharged improved	
Discharged unimproved	
Returned to Hospital	
Still out at the 'close of the year
Totals	
20
23
4
11
19
24
11
20
85
 •
X 24
MENTAL HOSPITALS REPORT, 1927-28.
Table No. 17c-
—Showing the Number allowed out on Probation and Results from April 1st,
1927, to March 31st, 1928, Saanich.
Results.
Male.
Female.
Total.
Discharged improved :	
2
4
2
4
Totals.	
6
6
Table No. 18a.—Showing the Alleged Duration of Insanity" prior to Admission in those/
discharged from Essondale from April 1st, 1927, to March 31st, 1928.
Duration of Insanity.
Male.
Female.
Total.
Less than 1 week	
14      ■
25
12
2
9
6
1
1
15
O
47
4
7
3
5
1
2
3
5
18
,,          1 month                               	
32
,,           2 months                                  	
15
7
6        „       	
10
12        „      	
8
,,           2 years                   	
1
3        „       	
1
3 years and over	
18
3
52
Totals	
135
30
165
Table No. 18b.—Showing the Alleged Duration of Insanity prior to Admission in those
discharged from New Westminster from April 1st, 1927, to March 31st, 1928.
Duration of Insanity.
Male.
Female.
Total.
2
■     1
1
1
1
1
9
7
6
6
6
3
4
4
2
11
8
3        „      	
6
6        „      	
6
12        	
4
4
5
3
Totals                        ..    .
7
47
54
Table No. 18c.—Showing the Alleged Duration of-Insanity prior to Admission in those
discharged prom Saanich prom April 1st, 1927, to March 31st, 1928.
Duration of Insanity.
Male.
Female.
Total.
1
2
1
1
1
1
2
1
3     „       	
1
1
Totals
6
6
   STATISTICAL TABLES.
X 25
Table No. 19a.—Showing the Length of Residence of those discharged from
Essondale from April 1st, 1927, to March 31st, 1928.
Discharged
recovered.
Discharged
improved.
Discharged
unimproved.
Not
Insane.
Length of Residence.
o
r3Pi
12
rt
33
03
rt
ci
S3
01
rt
03
*rt
03
fr
4)
£
Of
Under 1 month '.	
1
o
5
13
6
2
6
1
1
4
3
4
5
4
10
20
11
3
6
2
1
1
5
6
1
4
4
4
11
1
1
5
1
2
1
2
l
l
1
3      „        	
6      „	
-f-
9      ,.               	
,    12       „	
3      „            	
4
Totals          	
37
11
62
16
33
3
3
Table No. 19b.—Showing the Length of Residence of those discharged from
New Westminster from April 1st, 1927, to March 31st, 1928.
Discharged
recovered.
Discharged
improved.
Discharged
unimproved.
Not
Insane.
Length of Residence.
oi
s
oi
a
01
oi
a
oi
"3
S
a
fr
ai
rt
ci
rt
s
oi
oi
'rt
oi
'ci
s
o
Un
1
1
2
3
5
"     2
3
3
1
1
1
1
1
2
4
3
1
5
3
1
2
i
1
1
1
1
3       „        	
6      „        	
9      	
,    12      „        	
3      „	
4      	
5  >
4
20
2
23
i
4
Table No. 19c.—Showing the Length of Residence of those discharged from
Saanich from April 1st, 1927, to March 31st, 1928.
Discharged
recovered.
Discharged
improved.
Discharged
unimproved.
Not
Insane.
Length of Residence.
a;
rt
0)
s
01
fr
03
<5
oi
a
s
oi
fr
oi
oi
ci
g
o
fe
oi
ai
s
c
fe
1
"i
1
2
1
„       2 years 	
3     „	
Totals	
....     |       2
4
 X 26
MENTAL HOSPITALS REPORT,
1927-28.
Table No. 20
.—Record of Deaths from April 1st, 1927, to March 31st, 1928,
Essondale, New AVestminster, and Saanich.
(a.) Essondale.
Ti.me   in   Hospital.
Register
No.
Initials.
Sex.
Age.
Certified  Cause.
Years.
Months.
Days.
9163
J.  S.
M.
84
10
16
Bronchopneumonia.
9583
R.  S.  S.
'   M.
82
11
Exhaustion of arteriosclerotic dementia.
9595
F.  B.  G.   St.
M.
46
4
Toxic adenoma of thyroid.
9588
S. s.
M.
67
9
Exhaustion of arteriosclerotic dementia.
7954
W. D.
M.
78
3
6
Hypostatic pneumonia.
■9596
J.  V.
M.
65
10
Chronic  myocarditis ;    arteriosclerosis.
9218
F. B.
M.
4S
9
18
Exhaustion of general paresis.
9580
W. J. A.
M.
45
24
Exhaustion of involutional melancholia.
1075
w. c.
M.
70
26
6
15
Coronary thrombosis.
9012
M. P.
M.
28
1
2
25
Exhaustion of dementia praecox.
9509
E.  K.
M.
83
2
28
Ruptured innominate aneurism.
8140
R.  A.
M.
36
3
1
19
Exhaustion of dementia praecox.
1969
II. E.
M.
60
19
9
16
Pulmonary tuberculosis.
9373
C. E.
M.
42
7
2
Bronchopneumonia.
8885
P.  Q.
M.-
22
1
.   6
10
Exhaustion of epilepsy.
9656
J.  W,  L.
M.
69
4
Exhaustion of acute mania.
9508
W. L.  H.
M.
33
3
16
Exhaustion of dementia praecox.
9622
L. A. F.
F.
42
26
Exhaustion of acute mania.
9449
W.  J. L.
M.
!5
8
Exhaustion of senile dementia.
7919
J. C.
M.
73
3
'8
10
Cerebral haemorrhage.
2965
R. J.  M.
M.
76
15
10
26
Arteriosclerosis;    chronic  myocarditis.
9478
A.  B.
M.
44
4
24
Struck    by    railway    train     (suicide),
(Fractured  skull.)
,     8948
P.  B.
M.
■69
1
5
10
Arteriosclerosis ;   chronic  myocarditis.
9683
E.  R.
F.
45
5
Exhaustion of acute mania.
1550
J.  W.  I.
M.
48
22
9
14
Pulmonary  tuberculosis.
6953
A. E. C.
M.
40
5
10
14
Acute phthisis.
9691
F.  I. W".
F.
51
9
Exhaustion of acute mania.
9390
J. L. R. C.
M.
27
7
23
Exhaustion of manic depressive.
8291
H. G. B.
M.
46
2
11
Exhaustion of general paresis.
3746
J. M.
M.
59
14
3
17
Acute pneumonia phthisis.
9640
M.  VV.
M.
73
1
26
Chronic  myocarditis ;    arteriosclerosis.
9587
W. R. G.
M.
46
• 3
10
Exhaustion of general paresis.
9040
J. H.
M.
39
1
4
27
Exhaustion of general paresis.
1401
R.  M.  T.
M.
58
24
13
Carcinoma of pancreas.
9739
J. t.
M.
74
6
Exhaustion of acute mania.
9742
L. H.
F.
79
11
Exhaustion of senile dementia.
9734
H.  W.
M.
45
14
Exhaustion of general paresis.
4090
E. M.
M.
SO
13
1
9
Pulmonary tuberculosis.
9484
E.  S.
M.
S3
6
20
Arteriosclerosis;    chronic  myocarditis,
■9305
T. R. T.
M.
39
11
Exhaustion of general paresis.
9776
c. W.
M.
64
7
Malignant endocarditis.
532
R. H.
M.
71
33
11
8
Pulmonary haemorrhage.
973,0
P. L.
M.
77
1
6
Chronic myocarditis ;   arteriosclerosis.
7743
E.  S.
F.
7
4
3
22
Bronchopneumonia.
7685
H. P.
M.
68
4
4
68
Exhaustion of traumatic psychosis.
9650
A. T. W.
M.
52
3
18
Exhaustion of epilepsy.
9098
J. C P.
M.
60
1
4
27
Arteriosclerosis;    chronic    interstitial
nephritis.
8896
W. B.
M.
71
1
9
19
Arteriosclerosis ; cerebral haemorrhage.
8613
J. A.
M.
65
2
5
5
Cerebral haemorrhage.
7758
J. M.
M.
67
4
3
23
Chronic   myocarditis;     exhaustion   of
arteriosclerotic  dementia.
6965
T.  L.  G.
M.
58
6
1
2
Pulmonary tuberculosis.
9806
E. J. M.
M.
36
22
Status epilepticus.
9542
F. 0. J.
M.
46
6
22
Exhaustion of general paresis.
9165
N. T.
M.
54
1
4
2
Exhaustion of general paresis.
917S
W. H. B.
M.
82
1
3
28
Acute gastroenteritis.
9720
M. C.
F.
63
3
3
Exhaustion of senile dementia.
5832
N. M.
M.
36
8
6
1
Pulmonary tuberculosis.
 STATISTICAL TABLES.
X 27
Table No. 20.—Record of Deaths from April 1st, 1927, to March 31st, 1928,
Essondale, New Westminster, and Saanich—Continued.
(a.)  Essondale—Continued.
Register
No.
Initials.
Age.
Time  in  Hospital.
Months.
Days
Certified   Cause.
1690
6233
9664
9830
9245
9649
7441
1586
9760
9306
6394
9925
9926
9915
9936
9625
9891
9960
9961
9841
9952
1369
■9981
9253
9821
9953
9970
5180
5905
4264
8563
407
5525
10037
9772
9655
99 IS
9740
F. B.
9848
M
E. F.
9726
F.
D.
9839
L.
O.
'2823
E.
D.
9869
J.
A. F.
9630
A.
G.
9876
M
S.
9315
A.
W. I.
■8077
J.
R.
805
O.
B.
9743
O.
O.
4266
N.
C.
9215
J.
T. D.
9639
W
R.
J. D.
C. F. A.
0. T.
J. G. W.
H. H.
W.  B.
H.
C. A. W.
J. M.
J. A. M.
A. O.
W. B. P.
A. M.
H. W.
J. H.
E. D.
E. O.
1. B. P.
A. H. B.
A. E. II.
H. D.
F. R.
J. A. D.
D. M.
T. J.
R. G. A.
T. R.
H. C.
W. H
E. M.
A. M.
Y. S.
G. s;
H. P. D.
B. B. b:
O. R. C.
w. s.
H. O.
A. T
F.
M.
F.
M.
M.
M.
F.
M.
M.
M.
M.
M.
M.
M.
M.
F.
M.
M.
M.
M.
M.
M.
M.
M.
M.
F.
M.
M.
F.
F.
F.
M.
M.
F.
M.
M.
M.
M.
M.
M.
M.
M.
M.
M.
M.
M.
M.
M.
F.
M.
M.
87
63
77
83
79
33
41
47
60
5S
53
62
59
S2
41
'50
46
61
87
66
58
45
45
65
53
48
69
49
50
31
19
58
54
59
52
60
35
63
49
23
20
70
IS
60
47
69
70
27
34
48
21
16
1
3
29
12
1
24
1
10
13
36
9
10
3
8
1
9
9
3
11
4
6
4
6
3
10
4
3
6
11
11
7
6
9
3
7
23
12
6
6
27
4
12
6
21
4
3
23
23
17
17
17
9
21
3
19
12
15
10
1
13
14
26
9
24
25
6
8
10
21
22
14
22
25
8
11
10
23
16
27
23
11
14
Chronic myocarditis ;   senile  gangrene
of feet.
Bronchopneumonia.
Exhaustion of senile dementia.
Lobar pneumonia.
Gangrene scrotum ; carcinoma sigmoid.
Bronchopneumonia;    exhaustion   of
acute mania.
Exhaustion of senile dementia.
Exhaustion of acute mania.
Exhaustion of general paresis.
Exhaustion of general paresis.
Chronic  myocarditis ;   arteriosclerosis.
Exhaustion of involutional melancholia.
Osteosarcoma with multiple metastases.
Chronic  myocarditis ;   arteriosclerosis.
Exhaustion  of  acute  agitated depression.
Senile    gangrene    of    foot,    arterio- *
sclerosis.
Exhaustion of general paresis.
Exhaustion of epilepsy.
Exhaustion of general paresis.
Exhaustion of general paresis.
Chronic myocarditis ;    arteriosclerosis.
Chronic  myocarditis ;    arteriosclerosis.
Exhaustion of manic depressive.
Exhaustion of arteriosclerotic dementia.
Pulmonary tuberculosis.
Exhaustion of epilepsy.
Exhaustion of arteriosclerotic dementia.
Exhaustion of general par. sis.
Exhaustion   of  toxic   psychosis   (alcohol).
Exhaustion of arteriosclerotic dementia.
Fractured skull.
Bacillary dysentery.
Bronchopneumonia.
Exhaustion of epileptic psychosis.
Exhaustion of general paresis.
Bronchopneumonia.
Exhaustion of terminal dementia.
Exhaustion of general paresis.
Exhaustion of arteriosclerotic dementia.
Pulmonary tuberculosis.
Exhaustion of arteriosclerotic demeTitia.
Exhaustion of general paresis.
Exhaustion  of  idiocy  and  pulmonary
tuberculosis.
Pulmonary tuberculosis.
Cerebral haemorrhage.
Pulmonary tuberculosis.
Pulmonary tuberculosis.
Cerebral haemorrhage.
Chronic myocarditis.
Exhaustion of arteriosclerotic dementia.
Pulmonary tuberculosis.
Exhaustion  of cerebrospinal lues.
Exhaustion  of  manic depressive;
psychosis.
 X 28
MENTAL HOSPITALS REPORT, 1927-28.
Table No. 20.—Record of Deaths from April 1st, 1927, to March 31st, 1928,
Essondale, New Westminster, and Saanich—Continued.
(a.) Essondale—Continued.
Tim i
in  Hospital.
Register
Initials.
Sex.
Age.
Certified   Cause.
Years.
Months.
Days.
10047
J. M.
M.
44
15
Bronchopneumonia  and  exhaustion  of
acute mania.
9984
J. R.
M.
75
1
21
Exhaustion of senile dementia.
9826
R. B.
M.
52
6
2
Exhaustion of general paresis.
9375
J. R.
M.
49
1
4
25
Pulmonary tuberculosis.
9619
J. E.
M.
71
10
23
Exhaustion of senile dementia.
'7596
J. G.
M.
58
5
2
27
Exhaustion of cerebrospinal lues.
10098
E.  A.
M.
32
11
Status epilepticus.
1444
II. B.
M.
72
24
'5
3
Chronic myocarditis;    arteriosclerosis.
10022
W.  H.
M.
68
2
2
Exhaustion of epilepsy.
9873
R. T.  H.
M.
63
5
27
Exhaustion of chronic mania.
9893
W. E. B.
M.
60
5
12
Exhaustion of senile dementia.
(6.) New Westminster.
2705
M. L.
M.
75
16
8
4
Chronic myocarditis.
8582
F.  A.
F.
71
2
2
11
Myocarditis.
4066
B. M.
F.
52
13
S
General tuberculosis.
■8849
A.   L.
F.
45
1
9
8
Chronic nephritis.
9368
A. M.
F.
28
10
5
Pulmonary tuberculosis.
5122
J.  McE.
M.
■60
10
2
4
Exhaustion of mania.
9020
A.  C.
F.
79
1
5
29
Bronchial pneumonia.
9239
E.  S.
F.
78
1
1
15
Myocarditis.
9108
E. E.
F.
45
1
5
10
Gastric   haemorrhage;     chronic
ritis.
neph-
9024
M.  W.
F.
47
1
7
18
Carcinoma of breast.
4370
E.  S.
F.
43
12
7
Pulmonary  tuberculosis.
8947
M.  P.
F.
80
1
9
22
Cerebral haemorrhage.
6998
M. E.
F.
78
6
2
9
Endocarditis.
9210
K. McC.
F.
29
1
5
4
Acute enteritis.
8414
F.  T.
F.
35
3
30
Acute enteritis.
5483
A. R.
F.
60
9
■8
17
Carcinoma of stomach.
2446
.T. V.
F.
68
18
4
14
Hyperstatic pneumonia.
9006
M. D.
F.
67
2
1
3
Pulmonary tuberculosis.
6765
C.  S.
F.
58
7
16
Chronic nephritis.
9802
M. McC.
F.
74
6
26
Cerebral haemorrhage.
9674
M. McG.
F.
54
9
30
Cerebral haemorrhage.
(c.) Saanich.
'5094
J. O.  B.
M.
55
10
2
1
Pulmonary tuberculosis.
7992
J. A.
■M.
49
3
.7
25
Strangulation  (suicide).
2043
R. G.
M.
59
19
S
29
Myocarditis.
5754
M. B.
M.
70
8
8
17
Pyelitis.
8328
T. R.
M.
'59
3
6
2
Cerebral haemorrhage.
 STATISTICAL TABLES.
X 29
Table No. 21.—Showing the Number op Deportations effected from April 1st, 1927, to
March 31st, 1928, Essondale, New Westminster, and Saanich.
Register
No.
Initials.
Sex.
Country of
Origin.
Period in Canada prior
to Admission to Hospital.
Years.
Months.
Days.
Period in HosriTAL.
Years.      Months.     Days
8466
9207
9426
9434
9489
9524
9528
9553
9554
9602
9624
9647
9700
9737
9738
9752
9792
9761
9819
9832
9376
9850
9969
10006
7476
8883
8S20
9579
R. S.
A. D.
S. W.
S. F.
J. G.
G. W.
E. Z.
S.  D.
J. J.
R. R.
J. McG.
C. W. G.
A. D.
N. McL.
M. L.
E.  H.
H. E.
J. Y. F.
II. D.
V. S.
S. K.
W. I. E.
H.  R.
K. G. N.
A. L. K.
,T.  O.  B.
M. B.
II. M.
M.
M.
M.
M.
M.
M.
M.
M.
M.
F.
M.
M.
M.
M.
M.
M.
F.
M.
M.
M.
M.
M.
M.
M.
JI.
M.
M.
F.
Poland	
Newfoundland..
Wales	
Japan	
Finland	
Ireland	
Serbia	
Czechoslovakia
Switzerland	
England	
Ireland	
England	
Austria	
Scotland	
Norway	
Finland	
England	
China	
England	
Finland	
Hungary	
U.S.A	
England	
Sweden	
Finland	
Czechoslovakia
China	
U.S.A	
3
6
10
10
10
6
2
8
10
3
3
23
23
21
23
23
24
20
16
1
13
3
23
4
22
7
19
4
22
1
29
2
14
27
18
26
24
11
26
4
19
11
26
12
9
* Unknown.
 PART II—FINANCIAL.
BURSAR'S REPORT.
Essondale, B.C., October 9th, 1928.
A. L. Crease, Esq., M.D., CM.,
General Medical Superintendent of Mental Hospitals,
Essondale, B.C.
Sir,—I have the honour to submit herewith balance-sheets, profit and loss sheets, and various
other statements which cover the financial operations of the Mental Hospitals of British Columbia
for the fiscal year ended March 31st, 1928.
Revenue.—Revenue received from the general public and certain departments of the
Dominion Government for maintenance of patients for the year under view totalled $122,554.16,
an increase over the former year of $23,880.26, or about 20 per cent. This increase is very
gratifying and was the reward of special effort made in this direction.
Expenditures.—If you refer to Table D of our financial report you will see that the total
gross operating expenditures for our three institutions for the year amounted to $783,185.80, an
increase of some $59,000 over that of the year ended March 31st, 1927.
The total net expenditure of the three institutions for the year was $660,631.64, with a total
daily average population for the three institutions of 2,191.52 patients, giving us a net per capita
cost of $301.45 per year, of 82.36 cents per day, as compared with 82.98 cents per day for last
year. You will see by reference to Table E that the new Westminster Institution, with a daily
average population of 667.33 patients and an expenditure of $158,976.47, showed a yearly per
capita cost of $238.22, or 65 cents per day, in comparison with the Mental Hospital, Essondale,
daily average population of 1,302.77 patients and a net expenditure of $428,709.59, with a per
capita cost of $329.07 per year, or 89 cents per day, and Saanich Institution's daily average in
residence of 221.41 patients, with a.net expenditure of $772,945.58 and a yearly per capita cost
of $329.46, or 90 cents per day. This difference in per capita cost is accounted for principally by
the fact that the New Westminster branch is an old-established institution, running along a
straight maintenance, with the ordinary repairs and renewals, but without any extraordinarily
large improvements or buildings, whereas Essondale Institution is called upon to expend large
sums directly against operating expenses for what really should be classed as a capital charge
and set up as an asset. Such expenses are to be expected in a new and growing institution, and
consist of such as new roads, drains and ditches, general work of improving grounds, and last
year included the construction of a large new. male patients' airing-court. These are all permanent improvements which have a life of a good many years. AVhen one stops to think and
realize what money is spent yearly in grading, beautifying grounds, putting in roads, and general
repairs and improvements to buildings, all of which is made a charge against our per capita
cost of keeping patients, it is surprising indeed how the average cost of 82 cents per day is maintained. The same might be said of Saanich, who have been making a great many improvements
at the institution, all of which have been made a charge against their operating expenditure.
The following will give you an idea of some of the principal items of the various institutions
under subheads of our appropriations:—
PUBLIC HOSPITAL FOR INSANE, NEW WESTMINSTER.
Salaries.—Under this heading for the year under view is the sum of $82,453.91, as compared
with $82,529.40 for last year, a slight decrease, although salaries were raised to our staff but the
force somewhat cut down.
Office supplies, travelling expenses, fuel, water, light and power, together with maintenance
and repairs, were all less this year than those of last, but furniftire and fixtures, uniforms and
clothing, and medical and surgical supplies were slightly higher. The principal increase occurred
in Provisions Account and is.explained by our revised menu to both patients and staff, which
necessitated a larger outlay.
 BURSAR'S REPORT. X 31
The net per capita cost at this institution was 65 cents and included the sum expended
through the Public AVorks Department for maintenance and repairs for the year, amounting to
$5,326.07.
MENTAL HOSPITAL, ESSONDALE.
Salaries.—Expenditure for this year amounted to $192,548.77, an increase of $13,458.35 over
the previous year and accounted for by increased staff for new quarters and annual service
increase of salaries.
Practically all headings have increased this year over those of last, with the exception of
maintenance and repairs, clothing and examination, committal and transportation of patients.
There is no large increase, with the exception of provisions, which showed an increase of
$17,059.37, also due to revising and increasing our menu throughout the institution.
Our substantial increase in collections more than offsets our increased cost of operating.
Our per capita cost also includes all that sum expended through the Public Works Department
for maintenance and repairs, which total $6,945.68.
MENTAL HOME, SAANICH.
Salaries.—Expenditure this year amounted to $30,504.90, as compared with $23,557.98 last
year, an increase of $6,946.92, which is accounted for by larger staff for the increased population
of patients and the usual service pay for attendants and other salary increases.
Saanich Institution increased its expenditure under all headings of expenses as compared
with that of last year.    This was only expected on account of the increased population.
The net yearly per capita cost, however, was less this year than that of last by some 6 cents
per day.
Capital expenditures at Saanich during the year amounted to $3,797.80, made up as follows:
Completion of new ward, $1,182.70;   completing furnishings of new ward, $2,615.10.
For minute details as to the expenditures of the various hospitals, I would refer you to
Tables E, P, and G of my report. »
AU of which is respectfully submitted.
Gowan Macgowan,
Bursar.
 PUBLIC HOSPITAL FOR  INSANE, NEW  WESTMINSTER.
Balance-sheet, March 31st, 1928.
Assets.
Land      $80,000.00
Cemetery  : ,  610.89
Buildings        497,134.20'
Plant and equipment        21,200.82
Furniture and fixtures          17,900.00
Inventories (unissued stores) —
Provisions      $1,485.11
Fuel     828.55
Furniture and fixtures       4,599.53
Maintenance and repairs       2,151.60
Clothing          5,074.99
Miscellaneous .".         225.54
        14,365.32
Deficit  (cost of operations, 1927-28)         158,976.47
$790,187.70
Liabilities.
Government of Province of British Columbia      $790,187.70
Profit and Loss Account, 1927-28.
Salaries   $82,453.91
Office supplies  :  1,483.83
Travelling expenses  '.  299.45
Fuel, water, light, and power   23,743.00
Maintenance and repairs   6,166.97
Furniture and fixtures  5,020.65
Provisions   54,982.53
Clothing  5,295.82
Medical and surgical supplies  2,466.20
Examinations, committals, and transportation   438.49
Incidentals and unforeseen   12,864.83
Patient-labour (Colony Farm)  $1,000.00
Collections for year to Treasury   35,239.21
Net operating cost for year  158,976.47
$195,215.68   $195,215.68
   ESSONDALE.
X 33
PROVINCIAL MENTAL HOSPITAL, ESSONDALE.
Balance-sheet, March 31st, 1928.
Assets.
Land        $116,913.80
Buildings   :     1,619,806.56
Furniture and fixtures         113,671.97
Plant and equipment   53,043.16
Inventories (unissued stores) —
Provisions     $7,919.63
Clothing        3,336.01
Furniture and fixtures  ■      3,238.28
Miscellaneous   :  53.50
Fuel        2,747.45
Maintenance and repairs       5,101.76
         22,396.63
Deficit (cost of operations, 1927-28)        428,709.59
S2.354.541.71
Liabilities.
Government of Province of British Columbia   $2,354,541.71
Profit and Loss Account, 1927-28.
Salaries   $192,548.77
Office supplies  4,995.29
Travelling expenses   1,111.35
Fuel, water, light, and power   56,632.47
Maintenance and repairs   10,526.21
Furniture' and fixtures   15,435.34
Provisions  164,414.17
Uniforms and clothing   30,934.57
Medical and surgical supplies   6,550.46
Examinations, committals, and transportation   7,239.42
Incidentals and unforeseen  32,042.41
Collections for year to Treasury   $75,720.87
Patient-labour (Colony Farm)   18,000.00
Net operating cost for year  428,709.59
$522,430.46    $522,430.46
 —
X 34
MENTAL HOSPITALS REPORT, 1927-28.
MENTAL HOME, SAANICH.
Balance-sheet, March 31st, 1928.
Assets.
Land       $12,100.00
Buildings        244,564.75
Furniture and fixtures         19,278.25
Automobile, live stock, etc  5,478.30
Airing and recreation court   750.00
Inventories (unissued stores) —
Provisions       $404.81
Clothing        1,226.75
Miscellaneous .:' :       249.00
Furniture and fixtures       902.26
Maintenance and repairs       346.40
  3,129.22
Deficit (cost of operations, 1927-28)          72,945.58
$358,246.10
Liabilities.
Government of Province of British Columbia      $358,246.10
Profit and Loss Account, 1927-28.
Salaries ,  $30,504.90
Office supplies   626.96
Travelling expenses   162.62
Fuel, water, light, and power   7,842.13
Maintenance and repairs   7,557.49
Furniture and fixtures  863.13
Provisions   20,385.94
Clothing :  5,600.45
Medical and surgical supplies   509.84
Examinations, committals, and transportation  287.65
Incidentals and unforeseen   10,198.55
Collections for year to Treasury   $11,594.08
Net cost of operations   72,945.58
$84,539.66      $84,539.66
 FINANCIAL TABLES.
X 35
FINANCIAL TABLES.
Table A.—Showing the Average Number of Patients in Residence each Year, the Total
Amounts spent for Maintenance, and the Gross Per Capita Cost.
Year.
Average Number
in liesideuce.
Maintenance
Expenditure.
Per Capita
Cost.
1872 (81 days)	
16.57
16.07
16.76
27.42
36.41
34.61
36.52
38.17
45.42
47.18
47.86
48.73
48.70
54.67
59.11
73.55
79.43
71.30
78.78
119.87
125.24
133.92
148.64
162.97
171.43
188.91
216.53
226.44
243.24
269.56
296.62
332.23
351.55
340.90
374.57
419.24
490.80
526.85
563.33
641.02
736.72
550.54
384.07
487.24
480.07
515.74
560.56
524.17
633.13
535.66
716.35
585.38
752.78
562.12
755.46
90.51
567.47
834.10
108.67
506.07
890.32
120.05
603.40
942.60
127.57
628.85
963.83
139.69
620.23
1,046.78
156.28
612.28
1,151.21
164.55
652.98
1,238.81
172.99
667.33
1,302.77
221.41
$    2,265 25
7,841  94
8,232 41
9,892 38
12,558 18
.    12,917  17
13,985 05
10,253 72
10.552  18
10,691 76
11,343 65
11,829 11
11,843 94
15.555 87
15,334 43
15.945 22
16,261 06
15,657 79
17.577 80
21,757 03
23,518 37
25,904 98
26.495 83
31,587 89
32,001  40
36,224 76
46,420 25
54,917 45
50,349  20
55,406 08
55,345 65
59,353 57
66,052 76
63,342 07
66.596 69
74,874 64
90,269 49
96,586 32
103,900 44
126,782 50
130.924 06
119,663  71
71,079 84
125,981 45
131,420 44
123,021  70
123,878 43
116,052  21
155,698 37
124.124 68
166,231  51
156.574 85
222.097 37
236.631 90
357,630  99
40,433  28
233.486 76
336.585 35
51.995 87
210,887 45
321,150  35
47,860 06
214,672  13
312,955 52
47.215 01
219,277 02
334.227 30
53.597 29
201.023 79
385,160 68
58,715 33
182.864 26
454.409 02
59,792 32
185,394  70
489,843 33
67.795 28
195,215 68
522,430 46
84,539 66
$616 00
1873	
487 08
1874	
491 20
1875	
360  77
1876	
344 91
1877	
373 26
1878                 	
382 93
1879	
268 63
1880                                        	
232 32
1881                                                       	
226 62
1882...                                            	
237 02
1883	
242 75
1884	
243 20
1885                                	
284 54
1886	
259 42
1887    ..                                                                 	
216 70
1888	
204 72
1889	
219 60
1890	
223  13
1891	
181 50
1892 .". 	
187 80
1893                                                              	
193 36
1894                                                                       	
178 25
1895	
193 83    .
1896	
186 67
1897	
191  75
1898                                         	
214 38
1899    .                                                              	
242 52
1900	
244 00
1901 	
205 54
1902.. .                                                          	
186 59
1903	
17S 65
1004                                 	
187 89
1905	
185 80
1906                              	
177 79
1907	
178 59
1908	
183 92
1909	
183 32
1910	
184 43
1911	
197 78
1912	
177 71
1913,  M.H.,  New  Westminster	
217 36
1913, M.H., Essondale   (9 mouths)	
184 76
258 56
1914,  M.H., Essondale	
268 36
1915, M.H., New  Westminster	
238 53
1915, M.H., Essondale	
220 99
221  40
1916, M.H., Essondale	
245 91
231   72
1917, M.H.,  Essondale	
232 05
267 47
1918. M.H., Essondale	
205 03
1919-20,  M.H., New Westminster   (15 months)	
420 97
1919-20, M.H., Essondale  (15 months)	
473  S8
1919-20,  M.H.,  Saanich   (373 days)	
446 72
1920-21, M.H.,  New  Westminster	
411  44
1920-21,  M.H.,  Essondale	
403  52
1920-21,   M.H.,   Saanich	
478  47
1921-22,  M.H., New Westminster	
353 79
1921-22,  M.H., Essondale	
360 71
1921-22,   M.H.,  'Saanich	
398.67
1922-23, M.H., New  Westminster	
355  77
1922-23, M.H.,  Essondale	
332 01
1922-23,   M.H.,   Saanich	
370 11
1923-24, M.H.,  New Westminster	
348 69
1923-24, M.H., Essondale	
346 76
1923-24,   M.H.,   Saanich '.	
383 68
324  11
1924-25,  M.H.,  Essondale	
367 94
1924-25,   M.H.,   Saanich	
375 70
1925-26, M.H.,  New Westminster	
298 66
1925-26,  M.H.,  Essondale	
394  72
1925-26,   M.H.,   Saanich	
363 37
1926-27, M.H., New Westminster	
283 92
1926-27, M.H., Essondale	
395 41
1926-27, M.H.,  Saanich	
1927-28, M.H., New Westminster ,
391  90
292 53
1927-28, M.H., Essondale	
1927-28, M.H., Saanich	
401 01
381 82
 X 36
MENTAL HOSPITALS REPORT, 1927-28.
Table B.—Showing Analysis of the Per Capita Cost.
Year.
Salaries.
Provisions.
Clothing.
»
Fuel and
Light.
Furniture.
Medicines.
Miscellaneous.
Total.
1872 3	
|279 38
$184 03
$55 81
$22 44
$15 55
$10 18
$49 30
$616 69
1873	
221 48
166 81
14 55
23 65
21 59
7 74
32 16
487 98
1874	
231 10
152 10
22 07
23 98
28 36
7 78
25 81
491 20
1875	
153 82
113 40
13 98
16 88
25 45
6 73
30 51
360 77
1876	
143 34
114 45
18 68
22 75
17 90
2 86
24 93
344 91
1877	
177 15
126 75
20 69
4 66
20 75
3 74
19 52
373 26
1878	
176 16
124 23
30 43
13 94
7 20
9 16
21 82
382 93
1879	
134 27
95 10
3 25
15 91
6 39
6 31
7 40
268 63
1880	
111 84
87 71
5 74
14 06
6 00
3 63
3 34
332 32
1881	
112 44
81 14
6 86
12 73
5 55
2 56
5 34
226 62
1882	
121 51
84 52
7 05
12 30
4 54
3 49
3 61
237 02
1883	
123 81
92 56
6 03
11 04
4 26
2 24
2 82
242 75
1884	
124 02
90 64
7 03
12 43
4 14
2 77
2 18
243 20
1885	
169 05
84 33
6 33
15 05
3 90
2 93
2 95
284 54
1886	
159 03
69 35
5 49
16 20
3 72
1 59
4 04
259 42
1887	
127 80
59 10
.  5 88
15 38
3 88
93
3 81
216 78
1888	
118 34
60 47
4 41
13 90
3 11
2 09
2 40
204 72
1889	
131 70
59 11
7 20
12 93
4 13
2 07
2 46
219 60
1890	
121 54
62 77
9 02
17 31
4 00
1 29
7 19-
223 12
1891	
88 35
54 79
3 83
20 43
3 40
1 89
8 81
181 50
1892	
94 25
56 74
4 69
20 53
3 35
1 80
6 42
187 80
1893..
95 50
87 76
53 55
57 07
5 43
5 25
22 60
18 83
3 39
2 98
2 69
1 43
10 20
4 93
193 36
1894	
178 25
1895 	
90 83
61 15
9 90
20 41
2 51
3 10
5 93
193 83
1896	
89 13
55 93
6 30
20 29
2 56
3 63
8 83
186 67
1897	
89 09
58 18
8 36
19 11
2 95
3 80
10 20
191 75
1898	
94 68
69 43
9 94
21 82
2 76
5 12
10 62
214 37
1899	
113 31
72 91
8 31
33 96
2 50
2 73
8 80
242 52
1900	
116 04
72 62
9 06
32 10
2 15
1 71
10 32
244 00
1901	
99 16
66 65
lO 12
18 52
3 25
1 07
6 77
205 54
1902	
87 47
61 13
7 95
15 25
4 13
1 20
9 46
186 59
1903	
82 36
57 86
8 58
14 77
3 24
1 91
9 93
178 65
1904	
87 43
60 01
6 85
17 84
4 48
2 10
9 18
187 89
1905	
92 17
54 09
5 99
17 93
3 83
2 03
9 76
185 SO
1906	
88 76
53 15
5 16
15 92
3 57
1 21
10 02
177 79
1907 	
89 18
48 47
5 81
19 82
3 02
1 57
10 72
178 59
1908	
90 03
49 17
6 61
17 63
4 56
1 79
13 23
183 92
1909	
94 27
53 41
8 16
13 02
2 78
84
10 84
183 32
1910	
95 97
48 43
7 87
21 32
2 02
1 15
7 67
184 43
1911 	
97 44
58 08
9 39
18 84
1 12
1 87
11 04
197 78
1912.-	
78 40
56 37
10 09
19 36
1 79
1 50
10 20
177 71
1913, M.H.,
New West,
102 37
gt 07
9 43
25 27
4 74
3 21
18 27
217 36
1913, MR,
Essondalp*.
93 56
49 90
5 50
25 13
55
1 02
14 10
184 76
1914, M.H ,
New West.
115 72
68 15
2 99
24 13
69
2 64
44 24
258 56
1914, M.H.,
Essondale.
113 06
81 42
15 49
28 93
4 14
1 19
24 13
268 36
1915, M.H,
New West.
110 94
64 32
7 57
20 30
1 88
33 52
238 53
1915, M.H ,
Essondale.
95 25
62 84
9 44
24 87
1 14
56
26 89
220 99
1916, M.H.,
New WesC
105 89
74 96
2 58
18 52
1 45
18 00
221 40
1916. M.H,
Essondale.
89 26
75 18
17 76
26 96
4 98
42
31 35
245 91
1917. M.H,
New West.
103 41
72 20
10 52
18 29
2 38
24 92
231 72
1917, M.H,
Essondiile.
83 57
79 98
18 92
23 39
4 77
81
20 61
232 05
This accounting system discontinued in 1917, and new system installed as per Table B 1.
 FINANCIAL TABLES.
X 37
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X 40 MENTAL HOSPITALS REPORT, 1927-28.
Table D.—Summary Statement showing the Gross and Net Pee Capita Cost of Patients in
the Three Institutions.
Public Hospital for Insane, New Westminster—
Total maintenance vouchers   $200,021.96
Proportion headquarters vouchers          3,621.03
Maintenance and repairs  (Public Works Department)           5,326.07
Colony Farm Account   136.00
Inventories, March 31st, 1927        17,066.54
$226,771.60
Less Essondale Clothing Account   $13,837.10
„     Saanich Clothing Account        2,327.00
„     Colony Farm Account        1,815.00
„     sundry sales          211.50
„     inventories, March 31st, 1928      14,365.32
      32,555.92
Total, Public Hospital for Insane, New Westminster   $194,215.6
Provincial Mental Hospital, Essondale—
Total maintenance vouchers   $505,400.57
Proportion headquarters vouchers   7,242.06
Maintenance and repairs (Public Works Department)   6,945.68
New Westminster Clothing Account   13,837.10
Colony Farm sundries   462.60
Inventories, March 31st, 1927   24,467.43
$558,355.44
Less patient-labour, Colony Farm   $18,000.00
„     supplies to Colony Farm      13,326.00
,,     sundry sales          202.35
„     inventories, March 31st, 1928     22,396.63
53,924.98
Total, Provincial Mental Hospital, Essondale      504,430.46
Mental Home, Saanich—
Total maintenance vouchers   $75,338.24
Proportion headquarters vouchers   1,810.51
Maintenance and repairs (Public Works Department)   6,247.09
New Westminster Clothing Account   2,327.00
Inventories, March 31st, 1927   1,946.04
$87,668.88
Less inventories, March 31st, 1928  .'.       3,129.22
Total, Mental Home, Saanich  .,       84,539.66
Total operating expense for the three institutions   $783,185.80
Less collections remitted to Treasury—
Public Hospital for Insane, New Westminster      $35,239.21
Mental Hospital, Essondale        75,720.87
Mental Home, Saanich        11,594.08
    122,554.16
Total net expense for the three institutions   $660,631.64
Total daily average population for the three institutions, 2,191.52, showing a net per capita cost
of $301.45 per year, or 82.36 cents per day.
 FINANCIAL TABLES. X 41
Table E.—Expense and Revenue Statement of the New Westminster Hospital for 12
Months ended March 31st, 1928.
Operating Expense Accounts.
Operating expenditure by voucher—
Salaries—
Medical and clerical staff      $8,475.84
Other employees        76,989.34
 :     $85,465.18
Office supplies—
Books and journals          $200.18
Postage and office supplies  622.49
Telephone and telegrams   504.51
        1,327.18
Travelling expenses  113.80
Fuel, water, light, and power—
Fuel       $16,364.81
Water         2,635.97
Light and power          3,620.77
      22,621.55
Maintenance and repairs—
Janitors' supplies   949.75
Furniture and fixtures—
Bedding        $2,640.88
Furniture and fixtures          1,696.15
Miscellaneous   815.81
        5,158.84
Provisions—
Groceries     $23,205.54
Meats         7,875.55
Fish           3,098.40
Colony Farm produce       20,284.57
      54,464.06
Uniforms and clothing—
Clothing     $14,960.09
Boots and slippers          1,080.34
 ■—     16,040.43
Medical and surgical supplies—
Drugs          $817.31
Surgical instruments   82.83
Miscellaneous         1,566.06
         2,466.20
Examinations, committals, and transportation—
Examinations  $15.00
Transportation  423.49
  438.49
Incidentals and unforeseen—
Amusements  .'  $732.67
Gratuities   24.00
Funerals   200.00
Auto-repairs   296.76
Gasoline and oils   479.15
Tools and implements   370.59
Carried forward      .$2,103.17 $189,045.48
 Table E.—Expense and Revenue Statement of the New Westminster Hospital for 12
Months ended March 31st, 192.3—Continued.
Operating Expense Accounts—Continued.
Brought forward       $2,103.17 $189,045.48
Operating expenditure by voucher—Continued.
Incidentals and unforeseen—Continued.
Freight and cartage  88.25
Miscellaneous         8,785.06
      10,976.48
Total expenditure for year by voucher  $200,021.96
Maintenance and repairs (expended through Public Works Department)          5,326.07
Proportion headquarters vote  ,        3,621.03
$208,969.06
Summary of Profit and Loss Accounts. PerCavita
Cost.
Salaries   $82,453.91 $123,558
Expenses—
Office supplies   1,483.83 2.224
Travelling expenses   299.45 .449
Fuel, water, light, and power   23,743.00 35.579
Maintenance and repairs   6,166.97 9.241
Furniture and fixtures   5,020.65 7.523
Provisions   54,982.53 82.392
Uniforms and clothing  5,295.82 7.936
Medical and surgical supplies   2,466.20 3.695
Examinations, committals, and transportation   438.49 .657
Incidentals and unforeseen   12,864.83 19.278
$195,215.68      $292,532
Less patient-labour (against market price for farm produce)          1,000.00 1.498
$194,215.68      $291,034
Less Revenue Account (maintenance Of patients)         35,239.21 52.806
Net cost of patients' maintenance to Government  $158,976.47      $238,228
Remarks.
Total patients in residence, New Westminster, March 31st, 1928    684
Daily average population in New Westminster for year     667.33
Gross maintenance per capita cost, one year  $292.53
Gross maintenance per capita cost, one day  .799
Net maintenance per capita cost, one year     238.22
Net maintenance per capita cost, one day  .651
 FINANCIAL TABLES. X 43
Table F.—Expense and Revenue Statement of the Essondale Hospital for 12 Months
ended March 31st, 1928.
Operating Expense Accounts.
Operating expenditure by voucher—
Salaries—
Medical and clerical staff      $15,195.03
Other employees      170,796.28
  $185,991.31
Office supplies—
Books and journals         $176.64
Postage and office supplies         2,244.47
Telegrams and telephone         2,260.87
        4,681.98
Travellings expenses ----- 740.06
Fuel, water, light, and power—
Fuel       $42,901.44
Water        6,521.17
Light and power        8,780.81
       58,203.42
Maintenance and repairs—
Janitors' supplies         3,121.22
Furniture and fixtures—
Bedding        $6,493.26
Furniture and fixtures        3,573.20
Miscellaneous          4,681.12
       14,747.58
Provisions—
Groceries      $60,284.37
Meats        13,996.76
Fish          5,273.00
Colony Farm produce :     103,413.56,
    182,967.69
Uniforms and clothing—
Clothing        $10,835.76
Boots and slippers        5,075.41
      15,911.17
Medical and surgical supplies—
Drugs      $3,191.20
Surgical instruments  605.64
X-ray and sundry          2,753.62
         6,550.46
Examinations, committals, and transportation—
Examinations          $945.00
Committals  47.50
Transportation            6,246.92
         7,239.42
Incidentals and unforeseen—
Amusements   $1,279.13
Gratuities  :  177.39
Funerals    1,225.00
Auto-tires    246.90
Auto-repairs   352.34
Gasoline and oils  953.57
Tools and implements   763.22
Carried forward  :       $4,997.55 $480,154.31
 .
X 44 MENTAL HOSPITALS REPORT, 1927-28.
Table F.—Expense and Revenue Statement of the Essondale Hospital for 12 Months
ended March 31st, 1928—Continued.
Operating Expense Accounts—Continued.
Brought forward       $4,997.55 $480,154.31
Operating expenditure by voucher—Continued.
Incidentals and unforeseen—Continued.
Freight and cartage  233.00
Miscellaneous        20,015.71
       25,246.26
Total expenditure for year by voucher  $505,400.57
Maintenance and repairs (expended through Public Works Department)         6,945.68
Proportion headquarters vouchers        7,242.06
Public Hospital for Insane Account  '.       13,837.10
$533,425.41
Summary of Profit and Loss Accounts. PerOoaita
Cost.
Salaries  $192,548.77 $147,800
Expenses—
Office supplies   4,995.29 3.834
Travelling expenses   1,111.35 .853
Fuel, water, light, and power   56,632.47 43.477
Maintenance and repairs   10,526.21 8.080
Furniture and fixtures   15,435.34 11.847
Provisions   164,414.17 126.202
Clothing  30,934.57 23.745
Medical and surgical supplies   6,550.46 5.026
Examinations, committals, and transportation   7,239.42 5.555
Incidentals and unforeseen   32,042.41 24.596
$522,430.46       $401,015
Less patient-labour (against market price for farm produce)        18,000.00 13.816
$504,430.46       $387,199
Less Revenue Account (maintenance of patients)        75,720.87 58.123
Net cost to Government for maintenance of patients   $428,709.59       $329,076
Remarks.
Total patients in residence, Essondale, March 31st, 1928   1,355
Daily average population in Essondale for year  1,302.77
Gross maintenance per capita cost, one year  $401.01
Gross maintenance per capita cost, one day   1.095
Net maintenance per capita cost, one year  329.07
Net maintenance per capita cost, one day  .899
 FINANCIAL TABLES. X 45
Table G.—Expense and Revenue Statement of the Saanich Hospital for 12 Months
ended March 31st, 1928.
Operating Expense Accounts.
Operating expenditure by voucher—
Salaries—
Supervisor        $1,839.96
Other employees        27,025.58
    $28,865.54
Office supplies—
Postage and office supplies         $294.05
Telephone and telegrams  254.58
  548.63
Travelling expenses   69.80
Fuel, water, light, and power—
Fuel         $5,360.21
Water         1,194.95
Light and power          1,246.22
         7,801.38
Maintenance and repairs—;
Janitors' supplies          1,533.99
Furniture and fixtures—
Bedding   $1.90
Furniture and fixtures  342.68
Miscellaneous          1,103.51
         1,448.09
Provisions—
Groceries      $14,102.40
Meats        4,865.02
Fish         1,442.83
—,       20,410.25
Uniforms and clothing—
Clothing      $2,713.27
Boots and slippers   906.10
        3,619.37
Medical and surgical supplies—
Drugs   $258.64
Miscellaneous  '.  251.20
  509.84
Examinations, committals, and transportation—
Transportation    ,  287.65
Incidentals and unforeseen—
Amusements   $633.49
Funerals  345.50
Auto-tires    118.70
Auto-repairs   259.19
Gasoline and oils  244.24
Tools and implements   22.12
Carried forward      $1,623.24    $65,094.54
 X 46 MENTAL HOSPITALS REPORT, 1927-28.
Table G.—Expense and Revenue Statement of the Saanich Hospital for 12 Months
ended March 31st, 1928—Continued.
Operating Expense Accounts—Continued.
Brought forward       $1,623.24   $65,094.54
Operating expenditure by voucher—Continued.
Incidentals and unforeseen—Continued.
Freight and cartage  342.17
Miscellaneous          8,278.29
       10,243.70
Total expenditure for year by voucher  $75,338.24
Proportion headquarters vouchers   1,810.51
New Westminster Clothing Account  2,327.00
Maintenance and repairs (expended through Public Works Department)   6,247.09
5.722.84
Summary of Profit and Loss Accounts. perCanita
Cost.
Salaries   $30,504.90 $137,775
Expenses—
Office supplies  026.96 2.832
Travelling expenses   162.62 .735
Fuel, water, light, and power  7,842.13 35.419
Maintenance and repairs  7,557.49 34.133
Furniture and fixtures  ; 863.13 3.898
Provisions   20,385.94 92.073
Uniforms and clothing  5,600.45 25.295
Medical and surgical supplies   509.84 2.303
Examinations, committals, and transportation   287.65 1.300
Incidentals and unforeseen   10.19S.55 46.062
$84,539.66       $381,825
Less Revenue Account (maintenance of patients)        11,594.08 52.365
Net cost to Government for maintenance of patients      $72,945.58       $329,460
Remarks.
Total patients in residence, March 31st, 1928      230
Daily average population for year     221.41
Gross maintenance per capita cost, one year  $381.82
Gross maintenance per capita cost, one day        1.043
Net maintenance per capita cost, one year     329.46
Net maintenance per capita cost, one day  .900
Capital Expenditure.
Completion, new ward  $1,182.70
Completion, furnishing new ward     2,615.10
 TAILOR'S REPORT.
X 47
Revenue of Mental Hospitals since Inception.
1873  $ 1,440 99
1874   680 CO
1875   1,342 60
1876   730 31
1877   799 91
1878  479 42
1879   867 38
1880  ,  1,433 04
1881	
   614 99
18S2 	
   505 18
1883 	
   298 24
1884 	
    98 35
1885 	
1SS6 	
    50 00
1887 	
   720 59
1S8S 	
   750 00
18S9  	
220 00
1S90 	
   599 24
1891 	
   761 15
1892 	
  2,418 43
1893 	
  1,585 40
1894 	
  2,709 53
1S95 	
  4,409 23
1896 	
  3,741 71
1897 	
  3.816 80
1898 	
  4,003 79
1899   $4,769 04 1919-20,
1900      6,S93 33 1920-21,
1901   12,800 76 1920-21,
1902   10,926 23 1920-21,
1903   13,639 64 1921-22,
1904   15,004 22 1921-22,
1905   16,613 18 1921-22,
1906  19,058 42 1922-23,
1907   20,753 35 1922-23,
1908   25,807 S3 . 1922-23,
1909   25,845 65 1923-24,
1910   26,137 38 1923-24,
1911   30,100 20 1923-24,
1912   35,151 97 1924-25,
1913   40,756 56 1924-25,
1914   42,731 83 1924-25,
1915, New West  18,046 21 1925-26,
1915, Essondale   16,329 72 1925-26,
1916, New West  18,135 91 1925-26,
1916, Essondale   21,889 74 1926-27,
1917, New West  21,435 93 1926-27,
1917, Essondale   25,350 09 1926-27,
1918, New West 35,169 86 1927-28,
1918, Essondale   32,100 14 1927-28,
1919-20, New West... 45,921 06 1927-28
1919-20, Essondale .. 53,740 40
Saanich  $3,215 39
New West... 38,323 55
Essondale .. 46,418 81
Saanich     3,580 31
New West... 38,409 52
Essondale .. 43,078 91
Saanich    4,263 65
New West... 34,148 55
Essondale .. 48,448 69
Saanich     5,698 29
New West... 33,407 79
Essondale .. 43,371 30
Saanich     5,616 53
New West... 37,721 99
Essondale .. 49,929 43
Saanich     6,125 15
New West... 35,282 10
Essondale .. 63,151 50
Saanich     7,385 93
New West... 27,645 65
Essondale .. 63,943 08
Saanich     7,085 17
New West... 35,239 21
Essondale .. 75,720 87
Saanich   11,594 08
TAILOE'S EEPOET, 1927-28.
Uniforms  Mental Hospital, Essondale.
149 uniform suits at $40   $5,960.00
1 uniform coat   10.80
162 uniform pants at $10  .'.  1,620.00
Patients' clothing—■
311 patients' suits at $19   $5,909.00
11 patients' pants at $6.50   71.50
Stock—
20 canvas rugs at $5   $100.00
48 bed-ticks at 35 cents  16.80
40 bed-ticks  (children's)  at 35 cents  14.00
37 camisoles at $1.25   46.25
9 drop-sheets at $1.25    11.25
24 chair-covers at 25 cents  6.00
4 lace coats at $1  4.00
1 butcher's coat   6.50
Repairs—■
7,230 coats repaired and pressed at 25 cents   $1,807.50
7,567 pants repaired and pressed at 20 cents   1,513.40
1,049 vests repaired and pressed at 15 cents   157.35
42 canvas rugs at $1  42.00
$7,590.80
5,980.50
204.80
3,520.25
$17,296.35
 X 48 MENTAL HOSPITALS REPORT, 1927-28.
Public Hospital for Insane, New Westminster.
Uniforms—■
35 uniform suits at $40      $1,400.00
36 uniform pants at $10         360.00
    $1,760.00
Stock—
22 patients' suits at $19  ! .'       $418.00
3 patients' suits at $22  66.00
8 patients' coats at $12.50          100.00
44 patients'  pants  at $6.50    286.00
51 bed-ticks at 35 cents  17.85
46 canvas rugs at $5   230.00
4 working-overalls at $4   16.00
      1,133.85
Repairs—
575 coats repaired and pressed at 25 cents        $143.75
689 pants repaired and pressed at 20 cents   137.80
170 vests repaired aand pressed at 15 cents   25.50
216 canvas rugs at $1          216.00
         523.05
$3,416.90
Mental Home, Saanich.
Uniforms—
23 uniform suits at $40        $920.00
17 uniform pants  at $10    170.00
    $1,090.00
Stock—
61 patients' suits at $19      $1,159.00
12 patients' pants at $6.50  78.00
       1,237.00
Pressing and alterations on patients' private clothing   42.75
$2,369.75
Statement of Tailor-shop, 1927-28.
Production—
For Public Hospital for Insane, New Westminster      $3,416.00
For Mental Hospital, Essondale      17,296.35
For Mental Home, Saanich       2,369.75
$23,083.00
Material on hand, March 31st, 1928        3,271.72
  $26,354.72
Costs—
Material on hand, March 31st, 1927      $2,886.36
Salaries—
Tailors   $5,734.35
Seamstresses        3,071.94
 8,806.29
Electric power         $50.00
Electric light   30.00
 ■ 80.00
Material purchased, 1927-28      11,181.37
 22,954.02
Profit on operations      $3,400.70
 SHOEMAKER'S REPORT.
X 49
SHOEMAKEE'S EEPOET, 1927-28.
Mental Hospital. Essondale.
New work—■
6% pairs men's boots          $61.00
2 doz. key-straps   1.55
Repairs—
590 pairs men's boots       $1,250.40
338 pairs men's slippers           289.85
1,540.25
$1,602.80
Public Hospital for Insane, New Westminster.
New work—
55 pairs men's   boots     $364.00
9 pairs men's slippers     36.00
1 pair women's slippers   4.00
2 doz. key-straps  (long)     3.80
Repairs—■
177 pairs men's boots  $381.65
256 pairs women's shoes   311.85
$407.80
  693.50
$1,101.30
Statement of Shoemaker-shop. 1927-28.
Production—
For Public Hospital for Insane, New Westminster      $1,101.30
For Mental Hospital, Essondale '.       1,602.80
$2,704.10
Material on hand, March 31st, 1928        207.03
  '$2,911.13
Costs—■
Salary of Shoemaker      $1,380.00
Material purchased   776.74
Light and power  35.00
Material on hand, March 31st, 1927  153.02
■    ■ 2,344.76
Profit on operations         $566.37
PEODUCTION TABLES.
Articles made by Female Patients, Year ended March 31st, 1928.
For Public Hospital for
Aprons     462
Dresses   343
Chemises     385
Handkerchiefs     286
Neckties    254
Mats     23
Petticoats   316
Sheets   599
4
insane, New Westminster.
Table-cloths   69
Towels '  387
Tray-cloths     44
Pillow-slips     502
Curtains, pairs   60
Bureau-covers   129
Caps, uniform   75
Cuffs, pairs   114
 X 50
MENTAL HOSPITALS REPORT, 1927-28.
Articles made by Female Patients, Year ended March 31st, 1928—Continued.
For Mental Hospital, Essondale.
Sheets   1,183 Table-cloths 	
Pillow-slips  1,235 Dresses 	
Roller-towels   673 Overalls (boys' F.M.), pairs 	
Hand-towels     186
130
8
18
Mending done by Female Patients, 1927-28.
Aprons     2,084
Blankets  ,      891
Blouses       153
Chemises        805
Dresses   3,538
Pillow-slips        258
Sheets   5,912
Skirts         881
Spreads     401
Table-cloths      414
Towels         589
Bed-ticks        236
Undervests   1,559
Top shirts   1,917
Undershirts  .*  2,490
Drawers, pairs   6,733
Socks, pairs  15,048
Hose, pairs   4,723
Sweaters         155
Overalls, pairs        18
Coats  96
Work done by Patients at Essondale, 1927-28.
Days.
General   3,220
Lawns   2,231
Coal and coke   1,390
Dyke   2,646
Drains and ditches      390
Roads       609
Grading  1,916
Clearing  ;      442
Excavating     1,589
Sand and gravel      282
Rock        87
Days.
Chores  ,  979
Stable    958
Teaming   467
Water-mains  180
Fences  3  339
Airing-court     592
Civil engineer  134
Prune-orchard     343
Cement blocks   205
Colony Farm   328
Work done by Patients at New AVestminster, 1927-28.
Days.
Auto-truck      366
Baker     1,014
Carpenter     1,506
Cemetery    3      618
Dining-rooms         732
Engineer    .-      732
Florist         383
Gardener     2,370
Kitchen   2,673
Laundry   2.036
Lawns   2,655
Wards  '  2,445
Poultry      732
Days.
Piggery   2,092
Plaster and mason      638
Porter      561
Scullery         701
Shoemaker      367
Tailor        600
Teamster     446
Steward       301
Farmer  3,373
Plumber  .'.     311
Upholsterer        85
Oliver Park   1,317
Work done by Teams at Essondale, .1927-28.
Days.
General       534 Rock  	
Dykes          47 Cordwood 	
Gravel and sand       100 Roads  	
Prune-orchard          52 Airing-court   	
Grade         127 Excavations   	
Days.
31
11
36
27
66
 PRODUCTION TABLES.
X 51
Supplies produced at New Westminster, 1927-2*8.
Fruit.
Apples, lb  9,410
Cherries,  lb     290
Strawberries,  lb      195
Raspberries, lb  1,540
Gooseberries, lb      170
Red currants, lb. ...
Black currants, lb.
Rhubarb, lb	
Plums, lb	
Pears, lb	
Vegetables.
Green onions, lb  3,855
Dried onions, lb  2,550
Ripe tomatoes, lb     490
Green tomatoes, lb  1,400
Early potatoes, lb 12,310
Green peas, lb      657
Green corn, doz       60
Carrots, lb 20,140
Beets, lb  1,375
Cabbage, lb  5,500
String beans, lb     910
Lettuce, doz 10,550
Cucumbers, lb	
Parsnips, lb	
Turnips, lb	
Cauliflower, heads	
Radishes, bunches 	
Pumpkins, lb	
Spinach, lb	
Mint, bunches 	
Parsley, bunches	
Celery, heads 	
Sage, bunches 	
Vegetable marrow, lb.
Farm Produce.
Dressed pork, lb. ....' 12,077 Dressed duck, lb.
Dressed chicken, lb     385
Fresh eggs, doz.
540
135
4,485
200
85
786
9,100
1,720
100
40
140
2,265
62
68
310
85
740
216
1,519
Supplies produced at Colquitz, 1927-28.
Fruit.
Apples, lb  3,806
Crab-apples,  lb  70
Black currants, lb  53
White currants, lb  135
Pears, lb  355
Plums,  lb	
Loganberries, lb.
Raspberries, lb. .
Grapes, lb	
290
30
776
300
Vegetables.
Butter beans, lb     204
String beans, lb     241
Broad beans, lb     528
Scarlet runner beans, lb     69
Beets, lb  3,673
Celery, lb      830
Cabbage, lb  2,710
Red cabbage, lb       85
Cauliflowers, heads       160
Carrots, lb ! 20,563
Cucumbers, lb      108
Corn, ears   4,081
Leeks, lb     390
Lettuce,  heads 	
Green onions, bunches
Dried onions, lb	
Parsnips, lb	
Pumpkins, lb	
Peas, lb	
Rhubarb, lb	
Potatoes,  lb	
Tomatoes, lb	
Artichokes, lb	
Spinach, lb	
Brussels sprouts, lb	
.. 1,105
.. 1,665
.. 5,797
.. 2,850
.. 760
.. 639
.. 2,323
..38,294
.. 1,995
.. 240
. 235
.     390
Pork, lb  4,347
Veal, lb     499
Chickens, lb      215 »
Ducks, lb       39
Farm Produce.
Rabbits, lb.
Eggs, doz	
Milk, lb	
..     502
..     674
..89,753
 X 52 MENTAL HOSPITALS REPORT, 1927-28.
PART III—COLONY FARM.
FARM SUPERINTENDENT'S REPORT.
Essondale, B.C., October 10th, 1928.
A. L. Crease, Esq., M.D., CM.,
Medical Superintendent, Mental Hospital, Essondale, B.C.
Sir,—The operations of Colony Farm for the year 1927 are shown fully in the accompanying
tables.
Weather conditions during the year were very unfavourable, especially during the latter
part of the growing season, and as a result some of our crops suffered severely. Oats in particular were a very poor grade and we were unable to bale a large proportion of the straw.
The potato-crop, however, produced slightly above an average yield and a very fair sample.
The returns from the dairy and herd are considered satisfactory. We had on March 31st,
1928, 236 head of all ages. They were recently tested by an Inspector of the Dominion Health
of Animals Branch. No reactors were found, so that the herd remains fully accredited. During
the year a total of 1,365,990 lb. of milk was produced at a cost of $43,753.86, or 32.03 cents per
gallon, a reduction of 0.11 cent per gallon from the preceding year. This cost includes all the
cost of testing and pasteurizing, etc. The average production per cow during the year was
15,177.6 lb. milk and 483.9 lb. butter-fat.
The cost of general administration and maintenance was very high, due to the fact that
threatened high water made it imperative to raise the dykes considerably. This was done at
a cost of $7,800, chiefly for truck-hire. The cost for tending and reinstalling our electric power
equipment was also a very heavy item. The farm buildings and equipment generally have been
kept in good repair, but as the buildings grow old the cost of upkeep increases each year.
We still have on the Wilson Ranch a considerable tract of uncleared land, but owing to
lack of funds we were unable to do any development-work during the past season. A new
orchard, however, was planted to prunes, plums, and pears ou a piece of practically wild land
adjoining the Chronic Hospital. Beyond the initial cost of the trees and a little manure the
expense was negligible, all the work being done by patient-labour. The growth in this orchard
has been excellent and further extension in this direction could profitably be made.
Your obedient servant,
P. H. Moore,
Farm Superintendent.
BURSAR'S REPORT ON COLONY FARM.
«
Essondale, B.C., October 9th, 1928.
A. L. Crease, Esq., M.D., CM.,
General Medical Superintendent of Mental Hospitals, Essondale, B.C.
Sir,—I have the honour to submit you herewith balance-sheet and profit and loss statement,
together with cost sheets, for the Colony Farm for the fiscal year ended March 31st, 1928.
You will observe that the farm profit and loss statement shows a profit for the year of
$19,543.09, after writing off loss and death of stock, as compared with a profit for the former
year of $12,225.22, or an increase of $7,317.87. More substantial profits were made in the dairy
department, truck-garden and nursery, potato-crop and cannery department.
This profit is made in the face of an increale of over $7,500 in the maintenance expenses,
but this large increase was the result of the expense of raising the Colony Farm Dyke in
anticipation of unusually high water which was predicted in the spring freshet.
 COLONY FARM. X 53
The dairy production of milk was 1,365,990 lb. at an average cost of the production,
pasteurizing, etc., of 32.03 cents per galloli, as against 32.14 cents per gallon last year and
35.94 cents for the year before, showing there is a gradual reduction in the production of this
necessary commodity.
Inventories have increased about $6,000 over that of last year, principally in the cow department, which now shows 160 head, as compared with 131 last report. In the yearling department
a heavy loss is shown of $3,226.40. This is the result of loss on transfer of young cows from
this department to that of matured classes, at a revaluation, and accounts for this decrease,
which, on the other hand, increases your production herd.
Hay-crop shows a much better yield per acre, at about one-third of the cost per ton, as
compared with last year.
Hogs, as usual, show a nice profit of $6,672.26, while truck-garden and nursery had a profit
of $15,838.13 and that of the cannery was $7,549.27.
You will note that the farm supplied Essondale Institution with farm and other produce
to the amount of $105,475.76; New Westminster Institution with over $20,000; shrubs and trees
to various schools and public institutions valued at $7,692.80; and remitted to the Treasury in
collections from the sale of live stock and produce the sum of $139,487.73.
A study of the profit and loss statement and the cost of production sheets of each department
will prove interesting to you.
All of which is respectfully submitted.
Gowan Macgowan,
Bursar.
 X 54 MENTAL HOSPITALS REPORT, 1927-28.
BALANCE-SHEET, COLONY FARM.
*
April 1st, 1927, to March 31st, 1928.
Assets.
Land Account—
Colony Fairm   $107,697.13
Wilson Annex  '   102,815.80
—:  $210,512.93
Buildings ^nd plant      206,402.68
Water system        4,311.25
Bridge         7,571.89
Fencing, pavement, etc       68,S18.67
Equipment          33,290.51
Live stock—
Bulls, as per inventory, 6 head        $3,200.00
Cows, as per inventory, 160 head      43,900.00
Yearlings, as per inventory, 34 head        6,219.45
Calves, as per inventory, 36 head        2,311.85
Work-horses, as per inventory, 40 head          7,995.00
Sheep, as per inventory, 106 head         2,748.00
Hogs, as per inventory, 632 head, and stores on hand        12,498.55
Poultry, as per inventory, 1,296 head, and stores on hand          1,562.75
      80,435.60
Sundry inventories—
Feed      $10,804.37
Gasoline  30.60
Cannery           6,107.45
Cream    ,  12.82
Nursery       45,733.17
       62',688.41
Accounts receivable   150.00
Growing Crops Apportionment Account          5,800.33
$679,982.27
Liabilities.
Surplus Account   $677,594.95
Less Patient-labour Account, 1927-28        19,000.00
Profit to March 31st, 1927   $1,844.23
Profit for year 1927-28   19,543.09
$658,594.95
21,387.32
$679,982.27
   COLONY FARM.
X 55
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 X 56 MENTAL HOSPITALS REPORT, 1927-28.
DAIRY AND HERDS DEPARTMENT.
Profit and Loss Account, Maech 31st, 1928.
Expenses.
Total expense for year   $43,947.73
March 31st, 1927, inventory   4.80
  $43,952.53
Production.
Dairy produce supplies   $58,661.54
Ice supplies   193.87
Inventory, March 31st, 1928   12.82
     58,868.23
Profit for year  ., $14,915.70
Production and Costs Account, March 31st, 1928. Production
Dairy— Lb MOk •
Salaries and upkeep   $1,550.80
Fuel        615.00
     $2,165.80
Test-cows—
Salaries and upkeep   $3,778.59
Feed     10,408.87
Board of employees      1,661.00
     15,848.46
General herd—
Salaries and upkeep   $7,552.98
Horse-labour        406.00
Feed    :  15,826.49
Board of employees      2,485.00
Pasturage         591.00
 26,861.47
$44,875.73
Less allowance for manure          928.00
$43,947.73
March 31st, 1927, inventory   4.80
Total cost    $43,952.53 1,365,990.0
Milk Production for Year 1927-28.
Production.
1«27. Lb. Cost.
April  ;.  108,170.8 $3,256.29
May     125,689.2 3,667.63
June  :  125,667.3 2,886.50
July    126,191.0 2,947.61
August  120,709.2 2,461.56
September   109,538.1 3,257.27
October    105,313.3 3,366.32
November    92,123.2 3,769.65
December     102,491.6 4,465.24
1928.
January   110,505.1 4,713.71
February   114,808.2 4,981.06
March  124,783.0 3,981.02
1,365,990.0 $43,753.86
Average cost of production, pasteurizing, etc., 32.03 cents per gallon.
 COLONY FARM.
X 57
BULL DEPARTMENT.
Profit and Loss Account, March 31st, 1928.
March 31st, 1928. Increase in inventory	
$50.00
MATURE COW DEPARTMENT.
Profit and Loss Account, March 31st, 1928.
Name of Animal.
Asset
Value.
Selling-
price.
Remarks.
1927.
May    31.  Springbrook Kose Countess ,
Lulu Posch 3rd 	
July    31. Colony Bffle Koba	
Oct.    31.  Colony Bessie McKinley	
Colony Butter Lass	
Colony Schuilling Pauline	
Colony Poetess Korndyke  2nd..
Dec.    31.
1928.
Jan.     31. Colony Butter Lass Koba...	
Colony P.  S.  McKinley   (Koin).
Feb.    29. Thorndale Elsie Wayne	
Mar.   31. Colony Maud McKinley Koba...
Gain on inventory	
Jan.    SI. Colony Fleta Newman	
Loss..
$75.00
100.00
'250.00
200.00
75.00
75.00
75.00
200.00
300.00
250.00
200.00
■150.00
$64.52
66.60
60.84
7S.92
71.40
66.33
67.25
100.00
64.44
Butchered.
Destroyed.
Destroyed.
Butchered.
Butchered.
Butchered.
Destroyed.
Butchered.
Butchered.
Butchered.
Died.
Butchered.
$1,950.00.
640.36
$640.36
£1,309.64
Abstract of Loss.
Loss by deaths and destroyed
Loss by cows butchered 	
Less gain on inventory
Loss 	
$625.00
784.04
$1,409.64
100.00
$1,309.64
YEARLING DEPARTMENT.
Profit and Loss Account, March 31st, 1928.
Name of Animal.
Asset
Value.
Selling-
price.
Remarks.
$131.20
270.00
■351.60
204.00
300.00
2,304.00
$12'5.O0
Sold.
Died.
■39.40
150.00
Butchered
Sold.
Died.
$3,560.80
334.40
$334.40
$3/2'26.40
19'S
April
7.
30.
Sept.
30.
1928.
Jan.
31.
Mar.
31.
Colony Koba McKinley 42nd..
Colony  Segis Abbekerk	
Colony Sena Koba	
Colony Koba McKinley 45th	
Colony Clare Posch	
Loss on transfer to mature classes..
Loss..
Abstract of Loss.
Loss on sales 	
Loss by deaths 	
Loss by butchered
Loss on transfers ..
$60.20
570.00
292.20
2,304.00
Loss   $3,226.40
 X 58
MENTAL HOSPITALS REPORT, 1927-28.
CALVES DEPARTMENT.
Profit and Loss Account, March 31st, 1928.
Name of Animal.
Asset
Value.
Selling-
price.
Remark!
1927.
April    7.
May      3.
May    17.
May   '24.
June   30.
July 13.
July 19.
Aug. 31.
Sept. 30.
Oct. 31.
Nov. 30.
Dec. 31.
1928.
Jan.    31.
Feb.    '29.
Mar.   31.
Colony
Colony
Colony
Colony
Colony
Colony
Colony
Colony
Colony
Colony
Colony
Colony
Colony
Colony
Colony
Colony
Colony
Colony
Colony
Colony
Colony
Colony
Colony
Colony
Colony
Colony
Colony
Colony
Colony
Colony
COlony
Colony
Colony
Colony
Colony
Colony
Colony
Colony
Colony
Colony
Colony
Colony
Colony
Colony
Colony
Colony
Colony
Colony
Colony
Colony
Colony
Colony
Colony
Sale of
Loss..
Poet Posch  Champion	
Koba McKinley 50th	
Rag Sir Bessie	
Wimple K.  Segis DeKol.
Vrouka K.  Sir Bessie	
Posch Segis DeKol	
Posch Segis DeKol 2nd	
Contest  Sir Bessie	
Ormsby  Segis  DeKol	
Dellah  Sir Bessie	
Mercrna Sir Bessie 	
Canary Segis DeKol 2nd
Butterboy  Champion	
Koba McKinley 54th	
Koba McKinley 55th	
Grebegga Sir Bessie 2nd...
Koba McKinley 56th ,
Beets  Segis DeKol	
Posch Sir Bessie	
Zorilda Sir Bessie	
Wimple Sir Bessie	
Koba McKinley 57th	
Georgie Segis DeKol	
Koba McKinley 58th	
Cyclone Sir Bessie	
Koba McKinley '53rd	
Beulah Segis DeKol	
Kitty Koba	
Aaggie Segis DeKol	
Sir Segis D. Kol	
Marie Sir Bessie	
Vale Heilo	
Clare Sir Bessie 2nd	
Daisy Segis DeKol	
Daisy Canary	
Netherland  Segis  Heilo...
Ianthe Sir Bessie	
Clare Sir Bessie	
Heilo Sir Bessie	
Koba McKinley 48th	
673a	
673b	
673c	
676D	
Wayne Canary	
677a	
684a	
684b	
684d	
■685a	
Jannek Sir Bessie	
Calamity Sir Bessie	
Cora Heilo	
hides, etc	
$105.00
30.60
'21.25
17.00
17.00
'21.25
21.25
8.'50
'27.00
18.00
'23.40
9.00
154.80
18.00
13.50
18.00
18.00
22:27
17.82
22.27
17.82
17.82
42.75
17.10
■22.95
9S.90
17.00
34.00
17.00
21.25
25.50
17.00
2'2.10
17.00
17.00
T7.00
187.00
204.00
204.00
204.00
18.00
18.00
18.00
18.00
63.00
17.50
17.50
17.50
17.50
17.50
220.00
188.20
65.70
$2,521.50
1,738.18
$783.32
$150.00
17.46
14.40
14.58
17.10
13.32
12.24
14.94
12.00
13.03
12.00
12.60
10.80
8.10
12.15
11.40
11.25
10.80
12.90
11.10
13.05
17.92
15.04
13.76
100.00
1'2.75
12.92
12.92
14,79
12.42
11.70
13.50
100.00
150.00
125.00
225.00
14.58
12.06
13.50
13.68
9.60
9.20
9.00
14.S0
13.20
125.00
150.00
110.60
Sold.
Vealed.
Vealed.
Vealed.
Vealed.
Vealed.
Vealed.
Vealed.
Vealed.
Vealed.
Vealed.
Vealed.
Replacement.
Vealed.
Vealed.
Vealed.
Vealed.
Vealed.
Vealed.
Vealed.
Vealed.
Vealed.
Vealed.
Vealed.
Vealed.
Sold.
Vealed.
Vealed.
Vealed.
Vealed.
Died.
Died.
Vealed.
Vealed.
Vealed.
Died.
Exchanged.
Exchanged.
Exchanged.
Exchanged.
Vealed.
Vealed.
Vealed.
Vealed.
Died.
Vealed.
Vealed..
Vealed.
Vealed.
Vealed.
Sold.
Sold.
Destroyed.
$1,738.18
   COLONY FARM.
X 59
CALVES DEPARTMENT—Continued.
Profit and Loss Account, March 31st, 192.3—Continued.
Abstract of Loss.
Loss by deaths  '  $188.20
Loss by butchered      397.02
Loss on sales      198.10
Loss   $783.32
WORK-HORSE DEPARTMENT.
Sales and Deaths Account, March 31st, 1928.
Name of Animal.
Asset
Value.
Selling-
price.
Remarks.
1928.
Feb.   29. Horse " Jimmy "	
Mar. 31. Loss on inventory..
$100.00
560.00
Loss..
$660.00
Destroyed.
Work-horse Labour Account, March 31st, 1928.
Expenses.
Salaries and upkeep   $8,065.76
Feed  7,594.89
Board of employees   2,805.00
Less credit for manure
$18,465.65
232.00
$18,233.65
Horse-labour charged to crops and other departments at 50 cents per horse-hour     23,206.00
Profit  :     $4,972.35
Note.—Against cost of $
39% cents per horse-hour.
!,233.65, 46,414 hours of horse-labour were performed at a cost of
Horse-labour performed, March 31st, 1928.
192*7.
April  	
May 	
June   	
July 	
August   	
September
October 	
November
December .
1928.
January  ...
February
March 	
Less credit for manure	
Cost   $18,233.65
Hours.
Cost.
4,164
$1,398.40
4,018
1,493.34
4,452
1,380.75
4,033
2,271.54
3,770
1,280.99
3,537
1,252.72
3,696
1,484.68
3,566
1,470.33
3,492
1,469.07
3,587
1,622.71
4280
1,539.64
3,819
1,801.48
46,414 ■
$18,465.65
232.00
 X 60 MENTAL HOSPITALS REPORT, 1927-28.
SHEEP DEPARTMENT.
Profit and Loss Account, March 31st, 1928.
Receipts..
By sales—
Dividend, Canadian Co-operative Wool-growers   $1.60
Pelts and wool sold  596.65
Live sheep sold   736.00
Lamb and mutton supplied Hospitals  1,684.06
Lamb and mutton supplied farm employees  24.11
Inventory, March 31st, 1928   2,748.00
■     $5,790.42
Expenses. ■   '
Feed  $421.82
Vouchers   71.19
Pasturage    359.00
Sheep purchased   799.20
Inventory, March 31st, 1927  3,341.00
      4,992.21
Profit          $798.21
HOG DEPARTMENT.
Profit and Loss Account, March 31st, 1928.
Receipts. •
By sales—
Live hogs  :        $615.32
Pork, bacon, etc., supplied New Westminster Hospital        1,651.30
Pork, bacon, etc., supplied Essondale Hospital      20,296.18
Sundry, supplied Colony Farm   549.83
Inventory, March 31st, 1928—
Bacon, feed, etc      $477.55
Hogs     12,021.00
     12,498.55
  $35,611.18
Expenses.
Salaries and upkeep   $3,525.57
Board of employees        905.00
Fuel          190.00
Feed   11,660.10
Horse-labour           769.00
  $17,049.67
Hogs purchased  50.00
Inventory, March 31st, 1927      11,839.25
 28,938.92
Profit     $6,672.26
 POULTRY DEPARTMENT.
Profit and Loss Account, March 31st, 1928.
Receipts.
8,375 doz. eggs supplied Essondale Hospital   $2,564.10
2,388 lb. chicken supplied Essondale Hospital         763.73
Supplies to New Westminster  13.00
Supplies to Colony Farm   51.87
$3,392.70
Inventory, March 31st, 1928      1,502.75
 $4,955.45
Expenses.
Vouchers  $1,121.50
Horse-labour    :        328.00
Feed  :    1,884.53
Board        360.00
Fuel           60.00
Inventory, March 31st, 1927      1,434.43
       5,188.46
Loss         $233.01
CANNERY.
Profit and Loss Account, March 31st, 1928.
Production.
Supplies to Essondale Hospital   $7,444.25
Supplies to New Westminster Hospital     2,414.70
Inventory, March 31st, 1928      6,107.45
 $15,966.40
Expenses.
Repairs    $16.20
Salaries   300.00
Board  90.00
Horse-labour    '.  18.50
Sugar, spices, etc  1,135.15
Cans and kits   765.46
Fruit and vegetables   3,149.82
Rent,  capping-machine   56.50
Fuel    60.00
Inventory, March 31st, 1927  2,825.50
 8,417.13
Profit  .'     $7,549.27
TRUCK-GARDEN AND NURSERY.
Profit and Loss Account, March 31st, 1928.
Receipts.
Sundry sales  §7.45
Produce supplied Hospitals   11,082.53
Fruit and vegetables supplied cannery  :  731.03
Trees and shrubs supplied public institutions   7,692.80
$19,513.81
Inventory, March 31st, 1928   45,733.17
 $65,246.98
Carried forward   $65,246.98
 TRUCK-GARDEN AND NURSERY— Continued.
Profit and Loss Account, March 31st, 1928—Continued.
Brought forward  $65,246.98
Expenses.
Vouchers   $3,744.75
Horse-labour     2,215.00
Board of employees         840.00
Fuel        100.00
Fertilizer, etc     1,210.50
$8,110.25
Trees purchased   89.77
Inventory, March 31st, 1927  .'  41,188.83
     49,388.85
Profit  $15,858.13
CROP DEPARTMENT.
Potatoes—Profit and Loss Account, March 31st, 1928.
Production.
Yield of crop, 1,610,140 lb  $16,163.40
Expenses.
Ploughing   3  $562.50
Manure and hauling   1,267.00
Fertilizer     970.00
Sundries     24.20
Seed and planting   1,082.87
Spraying    72.00
Cultivating   1,265.50
Digging and hauling  1,139.50
       6,363.57
Profit      $9,799.83
Field No. 1, 19 acres; Field W.R. 1, 22 acres ; Field W.R. 5, 10 acres; total, 51 acres.
Yield per acre, 15.78 tons;   cost per ton, $7.90.
Oats—Profit and Loss Account, March 31st, 1928.
Production,
Yield of oats, 153,420 lb  $2,301.30
Yield of straw, 39,560 lb. (430 bales)        215.00
    $2,516.30
Expenses.
Ploughing    $416.50
Seed and sowing  ;.  456.50
Cultivating   421.50
Fertilizer     481.50
Sundries     63.55
Cutting and hauling   620.00
       2,459.55
Profit          $56.75
Field No. 3, 15 acres ; Field No. 8, 19 acres; Field No. W.R. 1, 16 acres; Field No. W.R. 3,
34.75 acres; Field No. W.R. 4, 18.50 acres; total, 103.25 acres. Yield per acre, 1,486 lb. oats;
cost per ton, $29.26.
 f
:.      :       ::.     .■■■: ......
......
:,r,.i >,     * -.,;.-■■
.■■■:■£■■■        ■ Bs'
?  '
...M.""S      ■""'
mamr
:a
.
r.r>r
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:~"       3'        *":»
I
  COLONY FARM. X 63
CROP DEPARTMENT—Continue^.
Hay—Profit and Loss Account, March 31st, 192S.
Production.
Yield of hay, 651,700 lb  $3,367.00
Yield of green feed, 18,000 lb         45.00
     $3,412.00
Expenses.
Manure and hauling      $436.90
Rolling          24.00
Seed and sowing        729.80
Cultivating          48.00
Mowing and hauling       466.50
•       1,704.30
Profit      $1,707.70
Field W.R. 2, 25 acres ;   new land, 45 acres;   total, 70 acres.    Yield per acre, 4.65 tons;
cost per ton, $5.23.
Ensilage—Profit and Loss Account, March 31st, 1928.
Production.
Yield of clover, 408,000 lb  $1,020.00
Yield of peas, oats, and vetches, 649,800 lb     1,624.50
Yield of corn, 340,000 lb        850.00
    $3,494.50
Expenses.
Ploughing        $425.50
Manure and hauling  :        403.00
Seed and sowing        626.00
Cultivating  _       279.00
Mowing and hauling  .'.       702.00
      2,435.50
Profit     $1,059.00
Field No. 6, 24 acres ;   new land", 25 acres ;   Field No. 7, 17.75 acres ;   Field No. 8, 20 acres ;
total, 86.75 acres.    Yield per acre, S.05 tons;   cost per ton, $3.48.
Onions—Profit and Loss Account, March 31st, 1928.
Production.
Yield, 1,855 bundles green onions         $92.75
Yield, 49,400 lb. onions      1,111.50
     $1,204.25
Expenses.
Manure and hauling        $32.00
Ploughing  12.00
Cultivating          20.00
Fertilizer            38.00
Hauling  ...         12.00
■         114.00
Profit      $1,090.25
Field No. 6, 1.5 acres.    Yield per acre, 16.4 tons;   cost per ton, $4.61 (exclusive of patient-
labour ).
 X 64 MENTAL HOSPITALS REPORT, 1927-28.
CROP DEPARTMENT—Continued..
Carrots—Profit and Loss Account, March 31st, 1928.
Production.
Yield, 130,000 lb        $325.00
Expenses.
Ploughing   ,  $21.00
Fertilizer  50.00
Seed and sowing   33.00
Cultivating  .'  35.00
Hauling   54.00
■  193.00
Profit         $132.00
Field No. 1, 2.25 acres.    Yield per acre, 28.9 tons;  cost per ton, $2.95.
Roots—Profit and Loss Account, March 31st, 1928.
Production.
Yield, 889,600 lb     $2,224.00
Expenses.
Ploughing    $188 00
Manure and hauling   628.00
Seed and sowing   140.50
Cultivating  ,  255.00
Fertilizer  28.75
Hauling  486.00
 1,726.25
Profit        $497.75
Field No. 8, 19 acres.    Yield per acre. 23.4 tons;  cost per ton, $3.88.
Wheat—Profit and Loss Account, Mabch 31st, 1928.
Production.
Yield, 19,160 lb       $383.20
Expenses.
Ploughing   :        $49.00
Seeding         32.50
Cultivating         36.00
Cutting and hauling          55.00
         172.50
Profit        $210.70
Field No. 3, 7 acres.    Yield per acre, 2,737 lb.;  cost per ton, $19.
 COLONY FARM. X 65
_
TRACTOR ACCOUNT.
Profit and Loss Account, March 31st, 1928.
893 hours' work       $1,786.00
Expenses.
Salaries, etc      $715.00
Board of einployees        110.00
Repairs           178.34
Oil and gasoline        325.92
 1,329.26
Profit        $456.74
GENERAL EXPENSES OF MAINTENANCE AND ADMINISTRATION.
Profit and Loss Account, March 31st, 1928.
Expenses.
Salaries and vouchers ,.  $31,537.91
Horse-labour  1,563.00
Dairy supplies to employees   1,134.46
Sundry supplies to employees  167.30
Board  960.00
Fuel  507.50
$35,870.17
Proportion headquarters expenses       1,810.52
General repairs (through Public Works Department)      2,428.84
Loss   $40,109.53
MISCELLANEOUS STATEMENTS, INVENTORIES, ETC.
Essondale Hospital—Produce supplied by Colony Farm, March 31st, 1928.
Dairy produce—
Milk, 855,142.5 lb  $38,481.38
Butter, 1,775.5 lb         887.75
Cream, 1,632.0 lb         489.59
Buttermilk, 2,690 lb :  53.80
    $39,912.52
Meats—
Beef, 6,376 lb  $573.84
Veal, 2,834 lb  476.15
Mutton, 3,469 lb  564.20
Lamb, 5,082 lb  1,114.86
Pork roasts, 33,355 lb  10,006.50
Liver, etc., 13,944 lb  1,394.40
Sausage, 9,126 lb  2,284.00
Bacon and ham, 12,830 lb  5,083.36
Sundries .•  184.32
Lard, 5,158 lb  1,370.45
      23,052.08
Carried forward     $62,964.60
5
 X 66 MENTAL HOSPITALS REPORT, 1927-28.
MISCELLANEOUS STATEMENTS, INVENTORIES, ETC.—-Continued.
Essondale Hospital—Produce supplied by Colony Farm, March 31st, 1928—Continued.
Brought forward      $62,964.60
Poultry—
Eggs, 8,375 dozen      $2,564.10
Chicken, 2,388 lb  763.73
        3,327.83
Fruit and vegetables—
Fresh   :  $24,664.48
Canned       7,444.25
      32,108.73
Sundries—■
Horse-labour     ...    $6,612.00
Gasoline  112.00
Ice            174.00
Shrubs and trees     176.00
         7,074.00
Total   $105,475.76
New Westminster Hospital—Produce supplied by' Colony Farm, March 31st, 1928.
Dairy produce—
Milk, 231,685 lb :  $10,425.82
Cream, 916 lb  274.80
     $10,700.62
Meats—Pork, 12,077 lb         1,641.30
Fruit and vegetables—
Fresh     $3,977.95
Canned       2,414.70
         6,392.65
Sundries—
Horse-labour        $2,100.00
Miscellaneous     121.75
         2,221.75
Total      $20,956.32
Accounts receivable, March 31st, 1928.
Sundry amounts due for live stock, etc., sold,       $150.00
Remittances to Treasury, March 31st, 1928.
Sundry remittances to Treasury during the year 1927-28 in payment of live stock and
produce sales   $139,487.73
 COLONY FARM. • X 67
MISCELLANEOUS STATEMENTS, INVENTORIES,
Shrubs and Trees supplied Schools and Public Institutions
March 31st, 1928.
School Board—
Terrace               :	
ETC.—Continued.
by Colony- Farm Nursery,
          $73.80
Ashcroft   	
            24.00
Slocan   Citv        	
                           7460
Grand Forks 	
 :          117.50
                      45.00
Cranbrook	
            48.00
Cloverdale ..
            31.20
West Vancouver
            98.20
District of North Vancouver             	
            16.00
Point Grey          	
          979.50
Duncan                    	
            18.00
Matsqui          .        	
            51.00
North Bend .   .
                       36.00
Maple Ridge ....
          123.75
Burnaby                                 	
            391.50
Ladner 	
            49.75
Courtenay                    	
          71.00
Creston             	
            86.25
                       27.50
Dewdney 	
           66.00
Sidney   	
 *         240.00
Kelowna   	
           94.75
Canoe                  .                   	
          110.50
Salmon Arm ....
           45.00
North Vancouver
          228.00
                          487 00
Parks Board, Municipality of South Vancoin
Tranquille Sanatorium .               	
                 1,244.00
          355.95
Government Agent, Golden	
               42.00
Provincial Industrial School for Boys 	
          107.50
:                     1.437 55
Oakalla   Prison  Farm       	
            58.00
Shaughnessv Military Hospital 	
          156.00
               151.50
           506.50
Totnl 	
     $7,692.80
Colony Farm Nursery—Summary of Inventories, March 31st, 1928..
Deciduous ornamental trees,  $15,033.27
Shrubs and small trees   6,552.50
Climbing plants and vines   511.50
Evergreen trees and shrubs   7,912.75
Reeds and grasses  275.00
Herbaceous perennials, bulbs, etc .".  1,338.50
Seedlings and young stock   836.70
Evergreen trees and shrubs, young stock  1,744.90
Cuttings, grafts, and budded stock  44.75
Grafts and buds   175.50
Carried forward   $34,425.37
 X 68
MENTAL HOSPITALS REPORT, 1927-28.
MISCELLANEOUS STATEMENTS, INVENTORIES, ETC.—Continued.
Colony Farm Nursery—Summary of Inventories, March 31st, 1928—Continued.
Brought forward   $34,425.37
Orchard and small fruits—
Prune and plum trees   $1,217.50
Cherry-trees  '.       234.00
Pear-trees       553.00
Apple-trees        2,137.25
Black currants        901.00
Red currants         790.00
Raspberries, blackberries, etc     1,819.80
.  Strawberries     1,819.50
 9,272.95
Bees and bee supplies          567.75
Vegetables, etc., in storage       1,468.00
Total  *.  $45,733.17
Summary of Equipment Inventories, March 31st, 1928.
Dairy  equipment       $6,426.50
Horse and cattle barns  1,735.50
Farm implements    8,368.50
Pumping and land-clearing  ■  10,775.00
Fire equipment   1,585.50
Cannery equipment  1,025.00
Piggery and butcher-shop    383.00
Carpenter and blacksmith shops  1,024.25
Nursery and piggery  1,967.26
Total  $33,290.51
Inventory of Cows (Holstein-Friesian), March 31st, 1928.
Reg. No. Name.
32361 Colony Georgie Korndyke. 13 years and 6 months old   $75.00
31842 Deirdre Douglass Segis, 14 years and 2 months old     150.00
38776 Colony Beets Newman, 11 years and 10 months old   100.00
41653 Colony Minnie Segis, 12 years and 2 months old  75.00
52825 Colony McKinley Beulah, 10 years and 8 months old   400.00
25833 Madam Bessie Posch, 13 years and 9 months old  :  100.00
50292 Colony .Canary McKinley, 11 years and 2 months old  100.00
50289 Colony Wayne McKinley, 11 years and 9 months old  350 00
52833 Colony Beulah McKinley, 10 years and 7 months old  200.00
62389 Colony Ianthe McKinley, 9 years and 2 months old   200.00
67855 Colony Faforit Newman, 9 years and 2 months old  300.00
74111 Beaverland Lady Pauline, 10 years and 1 month old  :.. 400 00
50277 S.C.M. Ella Mechthilde, 10 years and 6 months old  200.00
67856 Colony Cora McKinley, 9 years and 4 months old :  100.00
70844 Colony Cyclone Ormsby, 8 yeai's and 8 months old   300 00
75673 Colony Jannek Ormsby, 8 years and 3 months old  600.00
80511 Colony Faforit Ormsby, 8 years and 1 month old  150.00
74108 Beaverland Grace Posch, 8 years and 10 months old   250.00
74109 Beaverland Canary Pauline, 7 years and 7 months old  200.00
Carried forward  $4,250.00
   COLONY FARM.
MISCELLANEOUS STATEMENTS, INVENTORIES, ETC.—Continued.
Inventory of Cows  (Holstein-Friesian), March 31st, 1928—Continued.
Brought forward  $4,250.00
Name.
Beaverland Julia Pauline, 8 years and 1 month old  75.00
Beaverland Grace Pauline, 8 years old  150.00
Colony M. Poetess McKinley, 8 years and 2 months old  150.00
Colony Beets Perfection, 7 years and 10 months old   600.00
Colony Wayne Perfection, 7 years and 10 months old   1,000.00
Colony Alma Korndyke Newman, 7 years and 8 months old  350.00
Colony Grebegga Pauline, 7 years and 6 months old   200.00
Colony Victoria Pauline, 7 years and 6 months old  —.. 300.00
Colony Morag McKinley, 7 years and 5 months old    500.00
Colony Lady Pauline, 7 years and 4 months old   250.00
Colony Clare McKinley, 7 years and 2 months old   200.00
Colony Wimple McKinley, 7 years old     300.00
Colony Effie Pauline', 7 years old    .-. :.... 300.00
Colony Belle Newman, 6 years and 9 months old  —  300.00
Colony Clothilde Pauline, 6 years and 9 months old ■'.. 300.00
Colony July Pauline, 6 years and 9 months old  :  300.00
Colony Georgie Pauline, 6 years and 6 months old  500.00
Colony Flood Countess, 6 years and 5 months old :  350.00
Colony Contest Newman, 6 years and 5 months old   150.00
Colony Grace Countess, 6 years and 4 months old  100.00
Colony Lulu Pauline, 6 years old  300.00
Kitty Canary, 6 years and 5 months old   300.00
Colony Rag Newman, 5 years and 8 months old  250.00
Colony Tensen Posch, 5 years and 10 months old  300.00
Colony Aaggie Posch, 5 years and 10 months old     250.00
Colony Netherland Pauline, 5 years and 10 months old .-. 150.00
Colony Ianthe Pauline, 5 years and 7 months old   400.00
Colony Wimple Koba, 5 years and 5 months old  500.00
Colony Netherland Segis Koba, 5 years and 4 months old  300.00
Colony Vrouka Segis Koba, 5 years and 3 months old   400.00
Colony Vale Komdyke Koba, 5 years and 3 months old   700.00
Colony Aaggie Koba, 5 years and 3 months old     100.00
Colony Contest Aaggie, 5 years and 3 months old  350.00
Colony Marie Koba, 5 years and 2 months old   200.00
Colony Korndyke Koba, 5 years old  350.00
Colony Maud Koba, 5 years old  100.00
Colony Effie Posch, 4 years and 11 months old  300.00
Colony Calamity Koba, 4 years and 10 months old   250.00
Colony Madam Pauline, 4 years and 9 months old    ,  250.00
Colony Ena DeKol Pauline, 4 years and 9 months old   250.00
Colony Sadie Aaggie (twin), 4 years and 8 months old   300.00
Colony Canary Aaggie (twin), 4 years and 8 months old   200.00
Colony Segis Aaggie, 4 years and 8 months old  300.00
Colony Morag Koba, 4 years and 7 months old  500.00
Colony Clothilde Koba, 4 years and 6 months old   250.00
Colony Ianthe Johanna, 4 years and 6 months old  250.00
Colony Julia Koba, 4 years and 5 months old   300.00
Colony Dellah Koba, 4 years and 5 months old  400.00
Colony Grace Koba, 4 years and 5 months old  200.00
Colony Vrouka Koba, 4 years and 4 months old   300.00
Colony Vrouka DeKol Koba, 4 years and 4 months old  .'  400.00
Carried forward  $20,025.00
Reg. No.
80649
80647
75674
80510
80506
86419
86416
86415
86420
86418
92132
92133
92129
95247
95254
95253
95245
95250
95248
95251
102057
100430
102056
102053
102052
102050
105242
105238
105239
109739
109737
109736
109740
109742
112075
112076
112073
112077
113983
113987
113986
113985
113988
113984
118088
118079
118089
118850
118080
118081
118082
 X 70
MENTAL HOSPITALS REPORT, 1927-28.
MISCELLANEOUS STATEMENTS, INVENTORIES, ETC.—Continued.
Inventory of Cows  (Holstein-Friesian), March 31st, 1928—Continued.
Brought forward   $20,025.00
Reg. No. Name.
118083 Colony Wayne Koba, 4 years and 3 months old  250.00
118084 Colony DeKol Queenie Koba, 4 years and 3 months old   400.00
118086 Colony Deirdre Koba  (twin), 4 years and 3 months old  500.00
118087 Colony Miranda Koba (twin), 4 years and 3 months old   500.00
125235 Colony Grace Abbekerk, 4 years and 2 months old   350.00
125233 Colony Pietje Abbekerk,,4 years and 2 months old   300.00
125232 Colony Faforit Newman Koba, 4 years and 2 months old   350.00
125231 Colony Jannek Koba, 4 years old   300.00
125228 Colony Schuiling Abbekerk, 4 years old   150.00
125229 Colony Beets Koba, 4 years old  300.00
125230 Colony Segis Elsie Koba, 4 years old   350.00
125223 Colony Lady Abbekerk, 4 years old   200.00
126474 Colony Cyclone Koba, 3 years and 11 months old  300.00
125227 Colony Poetess Korndyke Koba, 3 years and 11 months old   300.00
125225 Colony Vrouka Abbekerk, 3 years and 10 months old   300.00
125224 Colony Lass Koba, 3 years and 10 months old   300.00
128614 Colony Georgie Abbekerk, 3 years and 9 months old   250.00
128606 Colony Madam Koba (twin),-3 years and 9 months old   400.00
128607 Colony Bessie Koba  (twin), 3 years and 9 months old   200.00
128613 Colony Daisy Abbekerk, 3 years and 8 months old  250.00
128608 Colony .Fayne Calamity Koba, 3 years and 8 months old  200.00
128610 Colony Butter Girl Koba, 3 years and 7 months old   400.00
128612 Colony Tenson Posch Koba, 3 years and 6 months old  300.00
133795 Colony Alma Korndyke Koba, 3 years and 6 months old  300.00
122791 Colony Ianthe P. Abbekerk, 3 years and 5 months old  300.00
122796 Colony Julip Koba, 3 years and 4 months old !  250.00
133797 Colony Grace Pauline Koba, 3 years and 4 months old   250.00
122799 Colony Netherland Segis Burke, 3 years and 3 months old   350.00
133800 Colony Aaggie Burke, 3 years and 3 months old  300.00
141501 Nicomekl Gracie Zarilda, 3 years and 3 months old     350.00
133798 Colony Vrouka Newman Koba, 3 years and 2 months old   300.00
133792 Colony Grebegga Koba, 3 years and 2 months old   200.00
133793 Colony Grace Posch Koba, 3 years and 2 months old   300.00
133794 Colony Wayne Newman Koba, 3 years and 2 months old   300.00
137920 Colony Wimple K. Abbekerk, 3 years and 1 month old   350.00
137921 Colony Contest Canary, 3 years old  350.00
137922 Colony Lass P. Koba, 3 years old  400.00
137919 Colony Daisy McKinley Abbekerk, 3 years old  300.00
137923 Colony Grebegga Pauline Koba, 3 years old   21)0.00
137924 Colony Cyclone Ormsby Koba, 3 years old   20000
137918 Colony Vrouka Jane Abbekerk, 3 years old   300.00
140363 Colony Beets Abbekerk, 2 years and 11 mouths old   200.00
137925 Colony Zarilda Koba, 2 years and 11 months old   300.00
140364 Colony Wimple Abbekerk, 2 years and 10 months old   300.00
140365 Colony Beulah Abbekerk, 2 years and 10 months old  300.00
140361 Colony Lady Canary, 2 years and 10 months old   350.00
140362 Colony Ianthe Abbekerk, 2 years and 9 months old   250.00
140366 Colony Vale Abbekerk, 2 years and 9 months old  500.00
140355 Colony. Colantha Koba, 2 years and 8 months old  :  200.00
140357 Colony Minnie Koba, 2 years and 8 months old  200.00
140358 Colony Faforit Segis Koba, 2 years and 8 months old   200.00
Carried forward   $35,275.00
 COLONY FARM.
X 71
MISCELLANEOUS STATEMENTS, INVENTORIES, ETC.—Continued.
Inventory of Cows  (Holstein-Friesian), March 31st, 1928—Continued.
Brought forward    $35,275.00
Reg. No. Name.
140360 Colony Madam Canary, 2 years and 7 months old   300.00
145234 Colony Ena DeKol Abbekerk, 2 years and 6 months old  150.00
145237 Colony Madam B. Koba, 2 years and 5 months old  250.00
145244 Colony Korndyke Abbekerk, 2 years and 5 months old   250.00
145250 Colony Poetess Aaggie Posch, 2 years and 5 months old  3  250.00
145766 Colony Tensen Koba, 2 years and 5 months old  250.00
145248 Colony Ianthe J. Canary, 2 years and 5 months old  250.00
142166 Nicomekl Zarilda Butter Girl, 2 years and 5 months old   2pj0.00
145249 Colony Effie Canary, 2 years and 4 months old   300.00
145240 Colony Clothilde Abbekerk, 2 years and 4 months old   300.00
145238 Colony Pearl Koba, 2 years and 4 months old  300.00
145242 Colony Grace Koba Abbekerk, 2 years and 3 months old  150.00
145245 Colony Pietje Canary, 2 years and 3 months old   200.00
145246 Colony Grace Canary, 2 years and 2 months old   200.00
145247 Colony Clothilde Canary, 2 years and 2 months old   200.00
145239 Colony Effie Pauline Koba, 2 years and 2 months old   250.00
150995 Colony Ianthe P. Canary, 2 years and 2 months old   300.00
150990 Colony Grace Flora Koba, 2 years and 2 months old  300.00
150986 Colony Netherland Koba, 2 years and 2 months old  300.00
150998 Colony Beets Canary, 2 years and 2 months old   250.00
150985 Colony Morag Canary, 2 years and 1 month old   75.00
150996 Colony Fleta Canary, 2 years and 1 month old  200.00
150997 Colony Ella Canary, 2 years and 1 month old   200.00
150991 Colony Grebegga Posch Koba, 2 years and 1 month old   200.00
150994 Colony Deirdre Posch, 2 years and 1 month old  200.00
150992 Colony Dusky Lass Koba, 2 years old  .'.....:  200.00
150988 Colony Elsie Posch Koba, 2 years old  200.00
150987 Colony Flood Koba, 2 years  old    200.00
150989 Colony Lulu Koba, 1 year and 11 months old   250.00
154910 Colony Ormsby Koba, 1 year and 10 months old  ... 200.00
154911 Colony Butter Belle Koba, 1 year and 10 months old  200.00
154912 Colony Beulah DeKol Koba, 1 year and 10 months old   200.00
154909 Colony Marie Abbekerk, 1 year and 9 months old   200.00
154908 Colony Cyclone Abbekerk, 1 year and 9 months old   200.00
154903 Colony Esther Canary, 1 year and 9 months old  150.00
154907 Colony Julia Abbekerk, 1 year and 9 months old     150.00
154914 Colony Jannek Abbekerk, 1 year and 9 months old  :...  200.00
154906 Colony Segis Elsie Abbekerk, 1 year and 8 months old  200.00
154905 Colony Beulah McKinley Abbekerk, 1 year and 8 months old   200.00
Total value  (160 head)  $43,900.00
154913
Colony
154904
Colony
163596
Colony
163598
Colony
163597
Colony
163595
Colony
163505
Colony
163604
Colony
163599
Colony
Inventory of Yearlings   (Holstein-Friesian), March 31st, 1928.
Georgie Koba, 1 year and 8 months old.
Vale Koba Abbekerk, 1 year and 7 months old.
Morag McKinley Koba, 1 year and 5 mouths old.
Tensen Canary, 1 year and 4 months old.
Ianthe Johanna Canary, 1 year and 4 months old.
Georgie Pauline Koba, 1 year and 4 months old.
Maud Heilo, 1 year and 4 months old.
Tensen Posch Heilo, 1 year and 3 months old.
Faforit Canary, 1 year and 3 months old.
 X 72
MENTAL HOSPITALS REPORT, 1927-28.
MISCELLANEOUS STATEMENTS, INVENTORIES, ETC—Continued.
Inventory of Yearlings (Holstein-Friesian), March 31st, 1928—Continued.
Reg. No. Name.
163607 Colony Ianthe Posch Heilo, 1 year and 3 months old.
163608 Colony Julip Heilo, 1 year and 3 months old.
163603 Colony Poetess Abbekerk, 1 year and 3 months old.
163602 Colony Cora Abbekerk, 1 year and 3 months old.
163594 Colony Grebegga Gretchan Koba, 1 year and 2 months old.
163606 Colony Grace Koba Heilo, 1 year and 2 months old.
163601 Colony Bessie Abbekerk, 1 year and 2 months old.
163610 Colony Sadie Heilo, 1 year and 2 months old.
163611 Colony Aaggie Burke Heilo, 1 year and 2 months old.
163600 Colony Fleta Newman Canary, 1 year and 1 month old.
163593 Colony Ella Mechthilde Canary, 1 year and 1 month old.
163609 Colony Jemima Heilo, 1 year and 1 month old.
72441 Colony Koba McKinley 52nd, 1 year old.
167162 Colony Minnie Canary, 1 year old.
167163 Colony July Koba, 11 months old.
167159 Colony Lass P. Heilo, 11 months old.
167164 Colony Cyclone DeKol Koba, 11 months old.
167156 Colony Lulu Heilo  (twin), 10 months old.
167157 Colony Lulu Posch Heilo (twin), 10 months old.
167165 Colony Flood Countess Koba, 10 months old.
167101 Colony Grace Abbekerk Canary, 10 months old.
173357 Colony Rag Newman Koba, 10 months old.
167158 Colony Vrouka DeKol Heilo, 10 months old.
167160 Colony Lulu Canary, 9 months old.
171998 Colony Vrouka Jane Canary, 9 months old.
Value of 34 head at cost of raising, $6,219.45.
Inventory of Calves  (Holstein-Friesian), March 31st, 1928.
73927 Colony Sir Bessie Heilo, 7 months old.
171992 Colony Jannek Koba Heilo, 7 months old.
73928 Colony Wimple Sir Bessie, 6% months old.
171993 Colony Segis Elsie Heilo, 6 months old.
171994 Colony Morag Heilo, 5% months old.
171995 Colony Clothilde Heilo, 5% months old.
  Colony Posch Sir Bessie, i% months old.
171996 Colony Gracie Zarilda, 4*4 months old.
171997 Colony Daisy McKinley Canary, 4% months old.
171991 Colony Wayne Heilo, 4% months old.
  Colony Fayne Sir Bessie, 3% months did.
  Colony Tensen Heilo, 3% months old.
  Colony Tensen Posch Canary, 3% months old.
  Colony Vale Champion, 3% months old.
  Colony Alma Heilo, 3 months old.
  Colony Koba McKinley 59th, 2V2 months old.
  Colony Jannek Heilo, 2% months old.
  Colony Poetess Aaggie Heilo, 2% months old.
  Colony Victoria Koba, 2 months old.
  Colony Grace Heilo, 2 months old.
  Colony Grebegga Abby Koba, 2 months old.
  Colony Ella Creamella Canary, 2 months old.
  Colony Ianthe Abbekerk Heilo. 1% months old.
  Colony Netherland Burke Heilo, 1% months old.
  Colony Julip Koba Heilo, 1% months old.
  Colony Miranda Heilo, 1% months old.
 COLONY FARM.
X 73
MISCELLANEOUS STATEMENTS, INVENTORIES, ETC.—Continued.
Inventory of Calves (Holstein-Friesian), March 31st, 1928—Continued.
Reg. No. Name.
     Colony Julia Pauline Koba, 1% months old.
     Colony Faforit Sir Bessie, % month old.
 ■ Colony Pietje Heilo, % month old.
  Colony Clothilde Abbekerk Canary, % month old.
  Colony Pearl Colantha, % month old.
  Colony 690a, % month old.  .
  Colony Aaggie Heilo, *4 month old.
  Colony DeKol Sir Bessie.
  Colony 692b.
Value of 36 head at cost of raising, $2,311.85.
Inventory of Herd Bulls, March 31st, 1928.
31520 Colony Koba McKinley, 11 years and 3 months old 	
53787 Colony Posch Champion 5th, 6 years old	
57703 Colony Koba McKinley 10th, 4 years and 8 months old 	
66155 Hazelwood Heilo Sir Bessie, 3 years and 3 months old	
70275 Sir Romeo Mildred Colanthe 6th, 1 year and 10 months old	
70850 Strathmore Wayne McKinley, 1 year and 9 months old 	
$500.00
500.00
650.00
700.00
550.00
300.00
Total value (6 head).
1,200.00
■p,         Inventory of Work-horses, March 31st, 1928.
Scotty (Colony Pride), 15 years old	
Colony Mintmaster (brown gelding), 10 years old 	
Jerry 2nd (No. 6 brown gelding), 14 years old	
Levi (express, grey), 24 years old	
Repertoire (pony), 26 years old	
Kate (roan mare), 11 years old	
Dan (roan gelding), 10 years old	
Blossom (roan mare), 11 years old 	
Colony Lady Pride (Clyde mare), 9 years old	
Colony Lady Dunure (Clyde mare), 9 years old	
Flash Rosary (Clyde mare), 17 years old 	
Colony Begg Princess (Clyde mare), 8 years old	
Colony Opal's Queen  (Clyde mare), 8 years old 	
Colony Drumburle Prince (bay gelding), 8 years old 	
King (driver), 8 years old 	
Charlie (brown gelding), 11 years old 	
Bob (Doris' colt), 7 years old	
Lily (black mare), 6 years old 	
Sandy (black gelding), 9 years old	
Joe (black gelding), 8 years old 	
Clyde (bay gelding), 9 years old 	
Mack (bay gelding), 8 years old  :	
Jolly (brown gelding), 6 years old	
Star (brown gelding), 6 years old'	
Colony Queen of the Ring, 4 years old	
Colony Dunure Lens, 3 years old	
Colony Lady Lens, 2 years old  	
Nellie (grade filly), 2 years old	
Colony Cherry Blossom, 1 year old 	
Colony Music Hall, 2 weeks old	
$250.00
250.00
175.00
50.00
5.00
250.00
250.00
250.00
350.00
300.00
150.00
500.00
250.00
200.00
200.00
225.00
250.00
200.00
200.00
250.00
250.00
200.00
250.00
250.00
400.00
300.00
200.00
125.00
75.00
40.00
Carried forward *     $6,645.00
 X 74
MENTAL HOSPITALS REPORT, 1927-28.
MISCELLANEOUS STATEMENTS, INVENTORIES, ETC.—Continued.
Inventory of Work-houses, March: 31st, 1928—Continued.
Brought forward   ,  $6,645.00
Hill Stable-
Barney (bay gelding), 12 years old  25.00
Jock (bay gelding), 12 years old   200.00
Nigger (black gelding), 14 years old  150.00
Pete 2nd (black gelding), 14 years old  200.00
Tommy (bay gelding), 16 years old  50.00
Glen (McKay gelding), 17 years old ,  125.00
McTavish  (chestnut gelding), 13 years old   75.00
Prince (chestnut gelding), 13 years old   100.00
City Institution—
Dick (bay gelding), 10 years old   200.00
Frank (brown gelding), 11 years old   225.00
Total value  (40 head)  $7,995.00
Inventory of Hogs, March 31st, 1928.
Essondale Piggery.
Breeding stock (boars)— Date
Agassiz Daredevil, 99664 Mar.
Montvic Nonpareil, 111092 Oct.
Orchard Grove Pat 83, 117111 Nov.
Eaton Hall 44, 124014 Feb.
Brandon A.F. 351, 130234 July
Colony Perfecto, 123031 July
Breeding stock (sows) —
Colony Maid 2, 97483 Aug.
Colony Maid 3, 97484 : Aug.
Colony Maid 4, 97495 Aug.
Colony Vera, 97486 Sept.
Colony Vera 4, 106309 July
Colony Maid 5, 106300 June
Colony Maid 6, 106301 June
Colony Maid 7, 106302.. June
Colony Maid 8, 106303 , June
Colony Maid 9, 106304 June
Colony Maid 10, 106305 June
Colony Maid 12, 106307 June
Colony  Gipsey,  106294 July
Colony Gipsey 4, 113754 Feb.
Colony Gipsey 5, 113755 Feb.
Colony Gipsey 6, 113756 Feb.
Colony Gipsey 7, 113757 ..Feb.
Colony Vera 6, 113751  ...Jan.
Colony Vera 7, 113752 Jan.
Colony Perfect Queen, 112939 Nov.
Colony Ruby 2, 112496 Oct.
Colony Rachel, 112492 Nov.
Colony Maid 13, 113748 Feb.
Colony Maid 14, 113749 Feb.
Colony Myrtle, 112935 Oct.
Colony Ruby 7, 13020 April
Colony Ruby 8, 123021 April
Carried forward     $1,970.00
of Birth.
9
1924
$40.00
7
1925
75.00
23
1925
100.00
22
1927
40.00
24
1927
50.00
12
1926
50.00
31
1925
50.00
31
1925
50.00
31
1925
50.00
5
1925
35.00
16
1924
45.00
20
1924
75.00
20
1924
75.00
20
1924
75.00
20
1924
65.00
20
1924
65.00
20
1924
65.00
20,
1924
45.00
28
1924
75.00
5
1925
65.00
5
1925
65.00
5
1925
65.00
5
1925
65.00
28
1925
60.00
28
1925
60.00
2
1924
60.00
26
1924
60.00
21
1924
60.00
3
1925
65.00
3
1925
65.00
16
1924
65.00
6
1926
45.00
6
1926
45.00
 COLONY FARM.
X 75
MISCELLANEOUS STATEMENTS, INVENTORIES, ETC.—Continued.
Inventory of Hogs, March 31st, 1928—Continued.
Essondale Piggery—Continued.
Brought forward       $1,970.00
Breeding stock (sows)—Continued. Date of Birth.
Colony Kate 2, 123023 May    8, 1926 45.00
Colony Mina 5, 123024 > June    1, 1926 45.00
Colony Mina 6, 123025 June    1, 1926 45.00
Colony Maid 18, 123027 April 30, 1926 45.00
Colony Niome, 123028 Mar. 29, 1926 45.00
Colony Blanche 2, 116391 Aug.  16, 1925 65.00
Colony Blanche 3, 116392 Aug.  16, 1925 65.00
Colony Barbara 3, 125370 July    8, 1926 50.00
Colony Barbara 4, 125371 July    8, 1926 50.00
Colony Barbara 5, 125369 -. July    8, 1926 50.00
Colony Best Maid 6, 125377 June 28, 1926 50.00
Colony Minx 4, 130270 April 17, 1927 40.00
Colony Minx 5, 130271 A.pril 17, 1927 40.00
Colony Peggie 2, 125374 Aug.  11, 1926 50.00
Colony Peggie 3, 125375 Aug.  11, 1926 50.00
Colony Gipsy Sue 7, 127719 Jan.   25, 1927 40.00
Colony Gipsy Sue 8, 127720 Jan.   25, 1927 40.00
Colony Gipsy Sue 9. 127721 Jan.   25, 1927 40.00
Colony Gipsy Sue 10, 127722 ....Jan.   25,^1927 40.00
Colony Princess 8, 127715 : Jan.     1, 1927 40.00
Colony Princess 9, 127716 Jan.     1, 1927 40.00
Colony Princess 10, 127717 Jan.     1, 1927 40.00
Calony Princess 11, 127718 Jan.     1, 1927 40.00
11 young sows (not yet registered) at $40  :  440.00
5 young sows at $35  175.00
2 young boars at $25 ■  50.00
Butcher stock—
30 pigs at 220 lb., 6,600 lb. at 10 cents    660.00
45 pigs at 180 lb., 8,100 lb. at 10 cents  810.00
40 pigs at 160 lb., 6,400 lb. at 10 cents  ,. 640.00
75 pigs, 4 months old, at $12  888.00
80 pigs, 8 weeks old, at $5   400.00
New Westminster Piggery.
Breeding  stock— ■ .. Date of Birth.
Colony Perfection 2, 97480 (boar) : Aug. 31, 1923 50.00
Colony Gipsey 2, 106295  (sow) July  28, 1924 50.00
Colony Gipsey 3, 106296 (sow) July  28, 1924 50.00
Colony Maid 11, 106306 (sow) June 20, 1924 50.00
Colony Ruby, 112495 (sow) Oct.   26, 1924 50.00
Colony Princess 2, 116393 (sow) Aug.  16, 1925 50.00
Colony Verona, 116388 (sow) '. Aug. 20, 1925 50.00
Colony Susan, 113761   (sow) Aug.  16, 1925 55.00
Colony Blanche, 116390  (sow) Aug. 16, 1925 55.00
10 sows (not registered) at $40  400.00
10 sows at $40 j ,  400.00
Butcher stock—
143 pigs at 190 lb., 27,170 lb. at 10 cents  2,717.00
53 pigs, 4 months old, at $12  636.00
64 pigs, 8 weeks old, at $5  320.00
Total value (632 head)     $12,021.00
 X 76 MENTAL HOSPITALS REPORT, 1927-28.
MISCELLANEOUS STATEMENTS, INVENTORIES, ETC.—Continued.
Inventory of Sheep, March 31st, 1928.
Pure-bred Oxford Down—
52 ewes  (aged) at $30  $1,560.00
28 ewes  (shearling)   at $20   560.00
1 ram   (aged)   at $50   50.00
1 ram   (aged) .■  100.00
5 rams  (shearling)  250.00
19 grade ewes at $12  228.00
Total value  (106 head)     $2,748.00
Inventory of Poultry, March 31st, 1928.
299 Leghorn pullets  $448.50
317 Leghorn hens  317.00
51 RI..R.  pullets  76.50
66 R.I.R.   hens  82.50
, 26 Barred Rock pullets  39.00
39 Barred Rock hens  47.75
9 Leghorn  cockerels  ..... ;  27.00
2 Barred Rock cockerels     6.00
7 R.I.R.  cockerels    21.00
109 baby chicks, 1 month old   38.15
103 baby chicks, 3 weeks old   30.00
268 baby chicks, 1 week old   67.00
Total value   (1,296 birds)     $1,200.40
Inventory of Feed and Sundries, Poultry Department, March 31st, 1928.
54 dozen eggs  (in incubators)    $16.20
114 dozen eggs  28.00
1,500 lb. oats  37.50
950 lb. cracked  corn    23.75
1,450 lb. wheat  30.45
800 lb. shorts   '. .... 15.60
900 lb. bran     16.65
1,400 lb. corn-meal   35.00
1,050 lb. oat-chop     26.25
1,150 lb. beef-scraps  34.50
50 lb. baby-chick mash   1.50
35 lb. charcoal    1,80
lean   (4 gals.)   coal-oil  2.00
450 lb. oyster-shell   '.  4.50
200 lb. grit     1.50
500 lb. developing   scratch-feed  15.00
450 lb. baby-chick  scratch-feed   .'  13.50
35 lb. dried milk  :  ' 3.85
8 bales straw   4.80
400 lb. feathers    50.00
Total   $362.35
 COLONY FARM. X 77
MISCELLANEOUS STATEMENTS, INVENTORIES, ETC.—Continued.
Inventory of Feed and Sundries, Essondale Piggery, March 31st, 1928.
750 lb. ham and bacon   $300.00
2,500 lb. ground screenings   43.75
1,200 lb. shorts    23.30
700 lb. tankage    :  28.00
1,000 lb. oat-flour   27.00
1,200 lb. barley   18.00
2,000 lb. wheat    37.50
Total   $477.55
Inventory of Feed, March 31st, 1928.
7,615 lb. peas     $225.72
10,700 lb. rye  214.00
14,465 lb. brewers' grains   213.62
12,735 lb. oats  232.88
35,500 lb. barley   687.05
1,034 lb. timothy-hay    ,  15.19
424,000 lb. ensilage    '..  1,067.50
891 bales straw  542.82
1,700 lb. corn-meal    34.36
9,200 lb. soy-bean   210.70
48,300 lb. carrots   ,  120.75
192,200 lb. roots  240.50
1,500 lb. shorts   28.50
31,100 lb. oil-meal     856.86
75,900 lb. beet-pulp    1,792.54
108,800 lb. distillers' grains  2,024.14
116,885 lb. wheat  2,124.04
15,700 lb. bran    '.  173.20
Total  ,  $10,804.37
VICTORIA,   B.C. :
Printed by Chakles F. Banfield, Printer to the King's Most Excellent Majesty.
1929.
625-120-4155
 

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