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The Ledge Jul 14, 1921

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 i -��,
Provincial Library
��-.<-. /���
9 ���.���:.J-
' <<*1S^WWi��p*��l
House Furnishings, Hardware,
Kitchen Utensils, Etc.
Buy a
Made to Measure Suit
Large Assortment of
Christie's 3 Biscuits
Salmon and Halibut
Arriving Fresh Every  Thursday
Order Your Preserving Strawberries  Now
All Steps Lead To: , ^
LEE & BRYAN        Phone 46
Maaaaiai UiiiiiuaiaiiiiiuaiaiiiiiaaiiaaiaiUi.MW
Quite a   substantial   reduction in prices
Your measure   taken   by   one
who learned the business
No  Guessing
W. EBson 8 Co
W   v
Fishing Season Is Now On
Everything in Fishing Tackle
Real Estate & Insurance
Life, Fire, Health, Accident
Automobile   '
Best Companies in   the-World
Enquire as  to Rates
Ranches For Sale
Call And See
*������>���������.. Wi��iM��.H��.m, .���.;..�� J
From now on we will be able to
give our customers a regular and
more satisfactory Delivery Service
Spectacles of All Kinds
,. For Sale and Repaired
Ask"-forr-Pnces"'dU'cl'.'C'o��a'pare'with -Mail
Order House.
McELMON, Greenwood
Watchmaker. aud Jeweler
'    ' ���     GRAND-'FpRKS    .   '"    -
Mail1 your watch  for Repair and I will
mail it back.   Charges are moderate.
V,   The WINDSOR   HOTEL   is   heated   with, steam"   .
' r   and electricity.  '^Fine sample rooms.'7 A  comfort- -       -\ .
able home for tourists, and travellers.. . Touch the       j;
wire. if.ypu   waut rooms reserved.     The buffet is
.7 . V-      replete  with  cigars,, cigarettes, cooling. beverages, '..���.-.'"
.   7?:..~. buttermilk and ice-cream.      '-"y '-\���"���-    ...   .   >'---
o    -.--. "' :���   -7.V   ���-��� . ,    '   ;.  7-  -   '.   V        .,-��������� ������-..-:'���������,,"������   ���-���-���$.
Dealer in Farm Produce, Railroad Ties
Cedar Poles,-and Fence-Posts, -Farm and
Fruit Lands For Sale. List your lands
with tnej    Have a" buyer for good ranch
Greenwood Theatre
Gray & Clerf. Props.
Commencing at 8:15 p.m.
TENTHOUSAND" HOGS each year are not sufficient to meet lhe  , jf
, .'"-""��� '- growing demand for        '7.
,""v'V    for only selected cuts of.selected hogs are good enough for -. ':- ,J
X-^X- BURNS; * COMPANY  LIMITED   ' .Vv ���' v|
Caleary      .Edmonton,     Fejrina       Prince Albert      .Vancouver   |
"\ -JFroni" near neighbor to distant cities and villages, thousands of slender
highways made alive by. speech converge within the small compass of your,
.telephone,' '���TheeaK.of;people;are7'with^ within'
Telephone service cannot be estimated by usual values. Imagine how
complete a revision of methods - of 1 living and working .would have .to... be
; made'if the telephone ceased to operate! The miracle.of the telephone is xeal-'
ized at all times, and Visceaseless service puts its value-almost Myon&pnce'..
Mary Pickford
In Jean-Webster's Celebrated Play  '
"Daddy Long Legs"
The Love Story of an Orphan V
.;   ."'  ""    ,V ���"Eight'Reels V   \''-''     -X
.Also a One Reel Christie Comedy 7 ,
Around Home
Don't forget the Pythian
Picnic on July 20.
G. A.VRendell returned from
Penticton on Tuesday.
Young carrots and young beets
are plentiful this year.
J. Keady has returned from a
trip spent at coast cities.
Chas. Meggitt of Grand Forks,
was in town on Wednesday.
Rev. Father, Cocola, of Grand
Forks, was visiting in town this
Ivor Potts,; of Vancouver, is
the guest of Mr. and Mrs. A.
Sater. VV...
The Misses Tsabell and Nellie
Keir are spending 10 days in
Spokane.      7V
I. H.; Hallett left on Tuesday
morning on*Va business trip, to
Vancouver. %X
BoRSf.���ToV Mr. ami Mrs.
Walter ClarW, of Midway, on
July 11, a sod.
-Mrs. Mary Christensen, of Norwegian creeki was a visitor to
town ou Monday.
Baseball meeting will be held
in the Fire^'Hall' at S p.m., on
Tuesday, July 19.
The Fire;- Department will
meet next Tuesday night after
the baseball meeting.
Mrs. L. Lr.'Boomer and daughters, of Trail, are" the guests of
Mrs. Duncan Mcintosh.
Miss Ruby,Smith has returned
to Grand Forks after spending
a few weeks'in this -city.
Sam Johnson,  who has been
working: on,,, the West Fork, re;^
turned to town this week.
The Women's Auxiliary of
Rock Creek will hold a Dance in
Riverside Hall on July 29.
W. HV Docksteader has been
awarded the C. P. R. mail contract���morning and afternoon.
For Sale.���Four turkey. hens,
five youg turkeys and a gobbler,
Agply to Box 53 3;. Greenwood.
The fishing has been fair- during the past week. It is expected
it will be much better next week.
H. Hartley returned'on Wednesday last from Spokane,, where
he went under a successful-operation,.
L. li. Boomer, of Trail, who
is engineer on the work train employed on tearing up the rails
on the Phoenix hill, was in.town
this week.
The Dairy Industry
Owners of cows are still allowing   their   cattle   to. roam   the
1 streets at night, causing a great
deal of annoyance -to residents by
the tingling of the bells.
Professor Gowdy of St. Johns,
N. B., is visiting his sister, Mrs.
Robert Williamson, of Anaconda.
He intends yisiting the coast
cities before returning to the
' The Independent Meat Market
is now open all the time. We
carry only the best stock procurable in fresh meats, hams and
.bacon, lard, sausages, head
cheese, etc.
The mosquito is more numerous in Greenwood than usual.
The female of of this species of
gnat has a sharp bill and is very
troublesome. The male is a
harmless fellow.
. The wedding of Miss Marjory
Ella McArthur, daughter of Mr.
and Mrs. Chas. J. McArthur, of
Trail, for many years a prominent resident of Greenwood, to
Douglas Fraser, took place at
Trail on Friday last. Mr. and
Mrs. Fraser are well and favorably known and are receiving the
congratulations of a host of
Adults 50c.
Children 25c.
For Sale
Six,-room house, all'-plastered;''
good roof,' double: boarded ^ and
painted. Very cheap. ; Apply at
Ledge office. ���' -:-.
For Sale At Eholt
Blacksmith shop outfit, complete
with.tools;.also-carpenter and miner's tools, two" cabin outfits,  cooking    stoves., and   beds  complete.
' Apply fed  .
Jos.VNV" Burgs',   7
7    EhoIfc,;B.a.V
VPdstmasters have recently been
notified by the Postmaster General 'at Ottawa that ^Lcst",
"Strayed" or "Stolen" and 1.other
notices usually seen inVpdst
offices are illegal. Postmasters
are'V. Varried. .'��� against. Vhaving;
notices other than,.:Post. Office
notices; from being:.exhibited.in,
the lobby,of the Post Office.������'���"'���X\
""VLvOsiV--pnVS"unday ;~a" pair of
horned .rimmed eye glasses.
Finder/please leave at Galley's
Store.'. V".. V.     ,' : ��� ���/-..':���>-.���.. ���_.,���
'��� Wesley 7 Messenger, ,' '13V years'
old,, was drowned in the. Sim ilk a*
meen river.".below Allenby, on.
Sunday..':-',-.���-".; ""������' '"���������" V. V. *"
V J. A. MacKelvie, "the. member
for; this riding in the-Federal
House,.was in town ..on'. Wednes-
day.evenin'g. - >.'      , :,y
'.Daniel;McKee,; of .the staff of
the Bank of Commerce, left, on
Wednesday for Revelstoke where
he has.been transferred.'..' '
..Mr.; Spdbner arrivedfirom Not-
tirighain Co., England, last week
and is staying, with. Mn, and Mrs.
Geo.'White atthe Jewel mine. V
* It is a good rule now,/arid will
be a good rule1; for some time to
come, to stick to your employ-
meat as long  as  it will stick .to
you. V --.... V
,-Ice cream sundaes,, ice cream
sodas; all kinds, of soft drinks,
orange crush, lemon crush,  lime
crush, cocoa cola at the Windsor
l-Buffet. '   . < ��� '   ���
The Pythian Sisters, and
Knights\will hold a; Picnic near
the: C/.IV R;:-,statio'ri;"pri;.JWed'hes-^
day;.after.rioon,s j'jily 720th..; .E.very-
,bqdy'-:; invited./ Gome ; and. .bring
-ypur-.baskets. 7, > :^V-"V:- Xy'yX
,-XJohriV Mo.wat,;...of-VVictoria, ; is
yisiting.'^is!'brpthWariij)is accdm^
panied .byVR. %. VShimiriiriv "of.
Victpria.'V jBoth-.'.'gentlemeri^are
interestedin the'Merritt/Caicium
Carbpnate CpT, ofMerritt.77. XXi '���'
The management of the Greenwood Theatre are doing all in
their power to give their patrons
the yery best pictures obtainable
and their efforts along these lines
are appreciated. An even better
class of pictures than has been
shown in the past has now been
secured and as these films cost a
greatvdeal more it has been found
necessary to make the" admission
for adults 50c. children 25c.'
The auction sale-in Phoenix on
Wednesday-afternoon was a great
success. - A large crowd attended
from the surrounding district,
arriving in cars, wagons, while
some walked. Everything was
sold with the exception of the
heating plants and opera house
chairs. G. S. Walters who was
in charge, proved himself to be a
very efficient auctioneer and was
ably assisted by Wm.' Wilson, as
clerk.  ���'".-.'-       -7 .''
In the Hop Chong, Jan, of Midway; opium appeal case which
was heard before His Honour. J.
R.- Brown-oh.; Wednesday and
Thursday . last, was decided in
favor.of; the appealaut. . Ah Sing
who claitnedthe opium, was arrested by. A. G. Birch,. of the
R. C, M. Police," and appeared
before, W. R. Dewdney, S. M.,
on Thursday afternoon. He was
fined $148 with '$2 costs, for
^'causing opiuca td be brought
from one places to.: another, in
Canada."' ������-/ .-/.-- X.X'X-- ���"'-->
-l Guy-C. Southern, who,occupied
Bob Johnson's cabin on the Camp
McKinney road,. died on; Tuesday morning from; the' effects -pi
two shotsVin the head "from, a
revolver/in. his -own hand. Dr.
;C.M. Kingston, coroner,. held :an
inquest. on Tuesday evening and
the verdict was .''suicide."-.:The
deceased had financial and other
worry and this is;supppsedVto
have led him to take his own.life.;
He : leaves 'a wife - and 2 children.
The funeral was held on Wednesday.
The cow has fallen from her
high pedestal and spilled a lot of
milk in the tumble and the bog
has the place otace more. Pigs
are selling at a good price, but
butter fat is gradually,L4aUiag,
and cows -which /sold forV $100 in
the spring are;worth: about $75 a
slowtsale; at. that, VThe.vAtrieri-
can7 tariff knocked.. the pow but'
the;pig has 'not ��� i Been^ hurt by it.-
If ;��� theV British ; workman. .would,
only;;. behave ihimself,. and; earn
enough money tp] buy .bacon, the
Canadian hog would;' retain ,his.
high place and the banks; would
pontinue. to .bulge.. with ^farmers
The prosperifey of the Boundary
is not altogether dependent upon
mining, bat is so closely related to
the dairy industry that when prices
being obtained for dairy prod nets
drop, every line of business feels
the effect.   The dairy industry is
really theSfoun elation upon which
oar.; present  agricultural   success
was built.   During the years 1918,
1919 and 1920 rather abnormally
high prices were  received   by the
producers of milk.   This, of coarse
was pleasant,   but now   that the
price has taken a slump it is a different matter entirely.  It is always
hard to accept a reduction   in the
price which people have been receiving for a commodity or service.
When it is suggested by employers
that a reduction should be made in
wages, there is  immediately talk
of strikes in the ranks of labor, and
while it is   a  difficult matter for
producers of milk to go  on strike
"when   prices   decline,    there   is,
nevertheless, a very strong inclination on the part of  many  to reduce production.   This inclination
is accentuated when the  producer
knows   that   the  drop   in   prices
seems on the surface to be all one
sided, and that on his side.-
The Board of Trade believes in
and preaches co-operation and community organization vnd right how j
seems an opportune time for The
Ledge to snggest a creamery fur
the Boundary. All the cream in
the district as far as Carrui is at
present being shipped. to Jhe - Curlew Creamery. A creamery plant
can be secured for $1500. There
is no doubt that an organization of
this kind would be a good thing
for the district as a whole,
No.  1
Mining News
Bob Stevenson, the veteran
placer"miner, is working some'
claims on Rock Creek.
Mining operations in the Boundary are on the increase, new properties are being worked^ and old
ones reopened.
Mr. Lewis, of Vancouver, a mining engineer, inspected the Cree
Rover in Skylark camp. Bob
Dempster is the owner.
Work on the reconstruction of
the concentrator and mill at Britannia Beach will commence at an
early date, it is understood. It is
anticipated that it will take about
twelve months for the installation
of the necessary machinery, and
that an expenditure of $1,000,000
will be involved.
According to a Vancouver report C. A. Banks, M. E. of Vancouver, is arranging to re-open the
Jewel mine near Greenwood. The
property is owned by a Scotch company, and is equipped, with a,mill.
It was formerly operated by Mr.
Banks with success, but had to be
closed down on account of the high
cost of labor and, supplies and the
reduced purchasing power of gold,
which is the principal, metal con-_
tent of the ore, Now that costs
are going down and gold is~regain-
ing its former position in relation
to commodities the property can
again be worked at a profit.
The Road Question
Midway News    .
On Wednesday the 6th ins.t.,
the Midway Ladies Aid gave an
afternoon tea ^.t the old school
house in honor of Miss .Edna Kerr
who is. to be married shortly. A
miscellaneous shower of handkerchiefs, doilies and household
linens presented by. the Aid; non-
members and- Greenwood -ladies,-
was a pleasant surprise by the
bride-to-be. After the shower,
Mrs. C. J. Lundy, on behalf on
of the Ladies Aid, presented Miss
Kerr with a, table' cloth. Miss
Kerr/thanked .each" lady as; the
donors, name was read.
'The tea was served ori separate
tables, which were; prettily, arranged, with roses arid sweet peas.
Mrs, H,;-Pannell assisted; Mrs.
Luridy with; the shower arid Mrs.
T. Roberts and;. Mrs. Kerr with
theJuncliVvVV V,V-V"���,.���', VVV
Mrs. J. Docksteader, Mrs.J.A.
Fraser and daughter,: Mrs.7 W.
H. Docksteader and daughter,
and W. L. Clark were the visitors
from; Green wood.
Long Legs"  /
One of the bits which will delight
all in MDaddy Long Legs,?' the
Mary Pickford Company ..picture
featuring the famous little s$ar, is
the performance of a dog; who
drinks part of a jug of applejack:
Au^iences7 a* V the-Greenwood
Theatre-whsre &iei picture, will be
^eeri^pri.Saturday, July: 16; will sPe
a new type of;humor in the antics
of; this animal which; gives fa first
rafeejmitation of a tippler trying io
make .his way home after, a. too
liberal imbibition;V/V / y_, -..
?!^^feMSiW^:=| 4^X^^^Vi0^��V ���fcfeia
In every community   *he road
question   is always   a live issue,
whether a person owns an automobile (and this incudes Fords)  or
whether he never expects to own
such an expense account, he or she
is vitally interested in this absorb- -
ing topic.    Of course, no community is ever really satisfied with its
roads.    ' ��They are fair, you know,
but, oh well if I were-on the Council Board I would do things differently, take it. from me."   That ie
generally    the- attitude  of   Mr.
Average A.  Citizen,     He means
weliraritT by. and   by  bis friends
and neighbors   elect   him to the
Council arid then lie .finds out just
what this   road   making problem
really is.    He becomes enlightened
on a few important features of the
problem which he had been overlooking during those, street corner
conversations.. Of course it is our
sacred privilege to. grumble about
Councils',; arid, j udging. by the wBy
some of them   keep .coming back,
they: rather enjoy the noise that is:
iriade^but how about getting reaily
and and truly acquainted - with the .'
job before,commencing to. argue,
; . W; T.  Thompson,  of Beaver-
dell,  is ;visiting frierids in., this .
cityt    /' -/���'., -
.Business in town on Saturday
night was good.. The crowd did
not get/away until quite: la'te'i
There was a large-.attendance at
the picture , show. A vacant,
space should be secured some-.
where for the parking .of. automobiles.
.-,;-;. 77;/v-Notice', .'.-.��� :.v ���:-".
Citv Bv-Lkw No. 51...
- All persoas   using City  watcr7 for'
sprinkling purposes are kereby, requested
to pay for same on. or before July 31st in
the amount of ^3.00 for the season. Users'
failing to make payment -will have, their
water cut.; down   to  ensure   supply- for
domestic purposes only.
'--.   The Council will also "exercise their
powers ia preventing the eitraragent uss-
ofw��ter by "sprinklers.
���G.-.S. WALTERS,
City Clerk. THE     LEDGE,     GREENWOOD,     B.     0.
A Soil Survey
Saskatchewan Government Undertaking a Very Useful Work for
Benefit of Agriculture.
The soil survey of Saskatchewan
recommended by the Saskatchewan
Better Farming Commission and
promised by Premier Martin in his
election manifesto is already under
way. A party consisting of the Professors of Soils at the University of
Saskatchewan and two assistants .is
engaged at the present time in surveying a block of four municipalities in
the constituency of Cypress. As soon
as the necessary data in regard to this
block havc been secured, another
block of four municipalities will be attacked, and so on until the entire pro
vince has been covered in a thorough
going manner. The magnitude of
the undertaking will probably require
that more than one party be put into
the field next year. With all the expert assistance that can be recruited
in the province it will still bc a matter of some years before thc entire
project is completed; but the information secured in regard to thc different representative districts will be
available for public use as fast as it
can be collated and  edited.
Thc survey is being made by thc
College of Agriculture in co-operation
with thc Department of Agriculture
and is a soil survey in a comparatively strict sense of the term. Those
in charge of it will perforce secure a
good deal of information in regard to
the different districts which bears
only indirectly on thc nature of the
soil and the best uses to which it can
be put. At the same time they will
not attempt to secure the material
necessary for a detailed social and
economic history of the districts covered. Work of that nature, while
recognized as of no little importance,
���was not regarded by the Better Farm-
Commission as of immediate importance in this province and was not included in its recommendations.
The reasons set forth by the Commission for regarding a soil survey
of Saskatchewan as desirable give an
idea of what thc survey will seek to
accomplish.     They are as follows:
1. The soils of Saskatchewan lack
, 2. Present knowledge is inadequate.
���We are prone to blame lack of
moisture, unsuitability of crop or variety for crop failure. These are assumptions and not based upon scientific fact. The soil as a factor in
crop production has not been care-
' fully studied. The analysis of soil
thus far reported have been random
samples and may not be representative of the rcgious'they .were intended
:" to represent. . V'.   .'   *
3. .The' boundaries   of  our  various
"  soil types should be defined and rnap-
- ped.-rr.This is desirable because (a)'
'.cultivation of-inferior'land .can be
. prevented or at least.discouraged; (b)
the kind of -agriculture to bc practised is dependent on the type of. soil;'
...(c)  the.-type of soil determines tp a
. large, extent-, the kinds of crops to' be
grown, ihe proper, rotation ,'and " in-
/ cidentally. the-size-of the-farm.
'   .4. Thc survey should determine the
. proper-placing qf  substation's.���It is
most desirable that-our.'extensive soil
.  types be  represented"' -in  -"substation
���work.,    "  :-.   .���  . ���'��� ��� .".'������-  ���.-,-.-_-���������"���-"'.."--
-.   5/ It constitutes th.ebasis -for'future
soil'investigations. ,     - .'..,.   '". '-
.    /".,- It supplies, very ".necessary in for-'
mation-to,-.settlers.-- -.-���   -';.-_.���-"'
���'.7. :t supplies- very necessary;information  to  county' agents".or  district
representatives..,   V '-'.>���"���-'   -XXX
-The survey that is.being carried put
is a compromise'between ., a.  re.cbn-
-=���"' naissance and a "detailed survey".-. This
," :typc~"'of" survey-was'"dictated", by ' a
recognition of. thc facf'.ihat the'pres-
��� cnt, heeds of the province are not/so
7  much for soil amendments, which i't'.js-
V.'a, part of-the, work .'of a detailed soil,
��� ' survey to'determine.and recommend,;
as rfor:"the. establishment of' a..' typVof
''. agriculture" adapted5,to,'7cbnditions  as'
"they exist.-,-.The work;dohe during
...the "present- survey- will'be" sufficiently
detailed.to be. of .use. to'.the/practical.
- farmer and the-.inve'stigator alike'and
���'- can be coriiplcted much more rapidly
,7 -and "at far less cost than thc more d.c-
'������;. tailed /survey.     Once done this work
Entirely New Treatment
For Bronchitis, Catarrh
No Internal Medicine To Take
Years ago thc profession fought
Catarrh by internal dosing. This upset the stomach and didn't remove the
trouble. The modern treatment consists of breathing the healing soothing essence of Catarrhozone, which
goes instantly to the source and the
trouble. Catarrhozone is successful
because it penetrates where liquid
medicine can't go. The balsamic vapor of Catarrhozone drives out the
germs, soothes the irritation, relieves
the cough, makes Catarrhal troubles
disappear quickly. For bad thrdat,
coughs, bronchitis, Catarrhozone is a
wonder. Two months treatment one
dollar. Small size 50c. Sold everywhere or Thc Catarrhozone Co.,
will bc at thc service of those who
may nt some future date discover that
a more minute agricultural study of
the province is desirable.
��� The advantages to be expected
from -thc survey arc many, as similar
surveys^of other parts of thc continent amply show; but the Better Farming Commission warns against regarding' the soil survey as a cure-all
of difficulties. Thc information secured through it will assist in anticipating future difficulties and in correcting some of thc errors of thc past.
It is a means to an end. The end
itself is-the putting of agriculture in
Saskatchewan on a permanent basis.���
Regina Leader.
Training Newspaper Men
Management   of   a   Newspaper   Requires a Great Deal of Executive
A School of Journalism depends a
great deal on the men at the head.
Undoubtedly it is just as important
to U-ain leaders of thought in social,
political and economical questions as
it is to train leaders of religion, medicine and science. The difficulty is
to combine the theoretical with the
practical. There is a widespread
view that anyone can be an editor,
and the running a paper is child's
work. The fact that 146 newspapers
went out of existence in this province
in the last half-dozen years would indicate that the management of a
newspaper requires a great deal of
executive ability, careful judgment
and foresight. It. is not the easy
task the public generally imagine.
Undoubtedly the establishment of
a School of Journalism in some of our
large centres would be worth while.
Similar schools in the United States
have met with a . large 'measure, ���oi-
success.���From the Farmers', Sun.
The Valley Farm _      j Hindenburg Statue For Sale!
Is a Wonderful Picture of Peace and
Before me is a lovely painting by
Bruce Crance. It is called, "Thc
Valley Farm."
For hours I have looked at' this picture. _..There is something in it that
walks into one's heart and lies down
to sleep.
The technique is most simple. Thc
colorings are airy golds, red-browns,
greens and blues. A farm house and
barn arc to the right. It is on-toward the set of thc sun. Golden rays
of light are playing hide and seek
with-tlic mellow shadows that dance
.on the roofs of the buildings.
Massed bushes almost hide the
barn, while laced-limbed trees hover
like the arms of a mother .about
the simple cottage.
Thc time is probably autumn.
To the left arc four shocks of grain.
The harvest is over. Hills rise gently ou cither side. The sky is regnant
with tinted beauty. A rough path
leads to the side of the dwelling, over
which both men and beasts havc
At one ciul of the home you sec the
dull brick chimney. No smoke now
from it at all. Its serenity is that
of the entire picture.
I can sec with my mind's eye, thc
old farmer and his helper sitting at
thcir frugal meal, with perhaps a little tot or so, with bibs about their
chubby" faces, 'wrapping with their
laughter the homely talk of the happy,
How great is art, how transparent
is beauty!
I am thinking that when I get most
depressed and when thc day must
needs call forth more rain than sunshine, I shall make of my heart a
Valley Farm���and thus stay happily
within it���until the light comes
around again.
And I hope that this is what you
will remember to do!
���George Matthew Adams.
Planning Motor
Trip Around World
Best, Place For Young Man
B.C. Government Will. Assist Intend-.
ing Settlers in Northern. Part of
Province.     '" '"
Increased settlement in the northern "central scction.;of British Columbia along- the -line., of the G.T.P. is
reported by Hon.'-E. I). Barrow, Provincial [Minister-of Agriculture. As
a result of his. investigations .into .conditions as pertaining..to the settler's
in that section,, improvements .Will be
made whereby the. Land ..Settlement
Board7 will, assist settlers-in financing,
their purchases of livestock, thereby
elaborating.on the system which'has
hitherto, been in '.vogue. '-.].��� He points,
to that portion.of-the province'as thc
ideal place 'for the young man.' ready,
to work and.with ^limited capital.;"���
/tTOBAGCO; heart
7, ..-Every Smoker Read This
.Tobacco does' not-seem to affect all'
", alike... ;_Many7mcn enjoy their smoke,
'-. live "to a good old age, andxdpparently
'. suffer-ho' ill-effects from the use' o'f
Vthe weed.
- ,    There arc .others though, on whose
. heart   .and    ncj'vous  system  tobacco
-produces thc most serious results.
... 7 If causes-palpitation,  pain   in   the
- Heart, . and    irregularity-of its beat,
, "" makes the hands    tremble,   sets   the
- nerves on edge, and causes shortness
of-breath and loss of sleep.. -
.- .To counteract this demoralizing in-
- fluehqe o.h the heart and nerves there
. is" no' remedy   -to ' equal    Milburn's
,   Heart and Nerve Pills.
-"     They make  the heart.beat" strong
I and steady, restore tone and vigor to
./.the neryesj.and remove all the evil re-'
'.'suits Tcausedby the tobacco. .
'������  Mr.; .D. :McKillo:>,. Coxheath;"���������N.S.,
.writes'^VrVwas'. using-'-'tocv; much vtp-
���bacco," and got so T jrould hot/sleep at
.. night, my .hands' .used "-/to 7 ..tremble.
something awful, ,ahd; I ..suffe.rei--.tcr-
rible from pains .in .my; heart:..' I'-tQld
a friend-about it, and-he/advised.��i"e.
to    get    your   -��� Milbu.rri's /Heart" and
Nerve PillsV.   I took two boxes/and
they���'ga"re:-;great satisfaction/"/./'\';-.,
-��� ."Price /'50c, .a -box. ��� at/alKdcalehsVor,
mailed direct on;''receipt' of-price by
The ��� T.;.. Milburn-; Co:,'- Limited,���-/Torr
OntO,-'Ont;^;'7;.77v';V;;." ;���'.���' "���/:>���:���V  ���-". ���V.;;
~r i ____!. Vgr~r:��� V :_ ~ 3-g'
Manitoba Assists, Farmers
Province. Loaned "More" Than- Four
Million. During 1920.
'. -.-The province..of Manitoba-has "iban-
.ed - farmers more-' than $4,150,000 "for
agricultural purpose.5vcluring.1921, "a"c:-
.cording;-to -figures'/obtained ;at -.the
Parliament. ..Buildings,;.- .:Tlie.: /loans
made, .were:' Purchas_c'..of seed grain,'
uruler-'thc Seed Grain Act,.$1',000,600~;
Crural.'credits'" loan, . $2/100,000;'-:7farm:
"lands; $750,000.'.'-. . V."-/."-'.'. . .i.. 77.:;
,. The "farm loans boards-at the present "time applications' before it for
loans amounting-to. another $750,000.
The provincial savings bank, operated by thc government, is advancing
several, hundred thousand "dollars
for the rural credits and farm loans-.
Hospitable Town.
A traveller in Oswego, alighting" at
thc Frisco station, is greeted /by a
glaring sign at the station cafc; which
reads: "Don't Go" Into Town Looking
Half Starved." On thc opposite side
of the sign, reminding the- traveller
who is about to take the next train
oiit, is the sign, "Don't Leave Town
Sell British Columbia Bonds.
British Columbia bonds to the
amount of $3,000,000 have been sold.
The bonds are six per cent. Government guaranteed, and the price was
93.11, It is/'undcrstoo'd this money
,Avill.-bc .used on the/construction of
the Pacific "Great Ecastem 'Railway,"
an/don the'repair/of certain 'provincial
highways.r "-' .v"r,- 'V 7--7//V '->XXl: -":-'-���-'
Commander Watson of South Africa
Will Be Away Nine Years.
A nine years' trip around the world,
across mountains and deserts and
through jungles, in a motor caravan,
is the romantic prospect.which Commander John Weston has planned
when he is demobilized from thc Royal
Navy. He will be accompanied in
his adventures by his wife, and three
children, the eldest* a girl of .twelve.
He. and his wife arc Boers . of the.
Orange "Free-State. He became, attached-to the navy aftcr's'crvihg-with
the 'expedition against, the- Germans
4n - Southwest. Africa. He will start
his tour-in-Asia Minor, Iknd will go
through Syria, Palestine, Egypt, cross
over to Damascus to Mespot and Persia, and,", ii^ possible,, return "to -England through Russia. " This' itinerary
will'occupy about.a year, and "then.hc
will ship his caravan and sail.awav-to
South "Africa,- across which -hc. will
travel, collecting and completing material for a lecturing, tour iti America j-
an.d Canada-. "We are going off the
beaten track, and probably into .many
placesvwhcrc man has/never been.before," said 'Commander Weston/   '. ; -'
Wooden   Framework   Advertised   In
��� Berlin Paper for Firewood.
"Germany's war glories pass, onej
by. one, ea'ch to a different fate," j
writes the,.."Chronicle" Berlin corres-l
pondent.'Mr. G7Renwick. |
"Students burn regimental colors
rather than see them restored to
those from whom they were taken. ]
The other day the 'Lazy Grcte,' the
gteat French gun captured in 1870,
which stood for half a century down
'at thc foot of Untcr den Linden, went
home again.
"Now it is the 'Iron Hindenburg.'
"You remember the 'Iron Hindenburg,' of cowse. This great wood-
cik statue of thc field-marshal was
erected during thc war at the end of
Berlin's Avenue of Victory. Thc idea
was to cover it with a coating of nails,
aYid for the privilege of driving in a
nail a small charge was made for war
But people got tired of the business, just as thcy got tired of thc war.
Thc statue was never entirely covered
with its coating of iron. While two
artists conducted a long struggle in
the courts regarding thc honor of
having first thought of the statue, thc
grim, ungainly effigy rusted and rotted.
"When all Germany's Wilhclmian
war idols fell, this one, most tragic of
all, stood. Even thc revolutionaries
of November, 1918, had not the heart
to pull it down. Perhaps it was because, of all the men of the old regime, this man it represented kept his
head, at least, in the flood of change.
"But it was always an eyesore; and
one night, a year ago, it was quietly
removed. No eonc knew what had
become of it. No one asked. There
wcrc no questions in Parliament. The
thing remained a" sccretvuntil today.
In a Berlin paper I find the advertisement, that, being translated, . read:
'Iron Hindenburg.- For sale, whole
or in part, for fircw.pod.-    Apply,' etc.
"Will the junkers^ not make an effort to save this statue, once a symbol of victory? Is there no one to
pluck this historic brand from the
burning?,   I doubt it."
Shutting Out
The Air
An Acknowledged Expert in All
Matters Pertaining to Household Management.
Excavators Have
"Dust Chills"
On a warm da}-, in a New England
University town, I noticed recently
J that few homes boasted window or
door screens. In the four hundred
homes I looked at I found but two
screen windows. In six cases the
windows were opened, but no
screens impeded the access of flies,
mosquitoes and gnats. In every
othcr case the windows were tightly
shut. v
In some cases thc windows were
beautifully curtained' behind the
highly polished window glass. In
other cases the shutters were half
drawn. But thc salient fact was
that the windows were shut. There
wcrc no screens.
And the windows in the back of
the houses were shut. I know thcy
were, for I walked round to the
back of more than several dozen
houses, to thc vexation of more
than one flea-ridden dog.
Thc women gave various excuses.
One sought- to keep thc place cool,
to keep thc heat out"; another told mc
she had several small children and
didn't propose to let the dust in. One
told mc she could not afford to buy
screens yet. This .woman bought
thc most,.luxurious food in the town
and encouraged her daughters to
dress expensively.
All of the women I interviewed,
with thcir children, showrcd the
lack of .fresh air. -They had actually
arrived at a state of mind where they
valued-a rug and a bit of wall paper
more highly than \Heaven's free
Ozone. ..They preferred impure air
to the possible; presence of a little
Do you, Mrs. Housewife, belong to
this class? Do you have a screen
in every window? , And if your
rooms are particularly warm, how
about getting some awnings?
Wc can live without food for some
time. We cannot live without air
for even a short time.
,- An. Ancieiit Tragedy.; ���' . - ���.'
, ��� -     ���...    - .   ^   -     ���   ' -    .        .-.'7
From 'Brussels;.Belgium,' comes  a
grim-talc oi love and passion-happening 1,500. years ago:' ". If was. uncoy^,
"ered by laborers ,w.h6 were digging in
Eschant Street,; wh.cn ".they found "in-a'
cistern -apparently .'dating '. from"'the
pro-Roman -period, .the .skeletons of a
man.- and a - vwomaii.-��� -Besid'er - their
bones were found/two .primitive dag-
--gers and an axe.;- =' 7 '-','      " ./- -.
- ��� ���'.- Drink ;Water'. When- Tired. . -
,'������' Dr.. E.liza"'- BV Mqshcr urged lately
the.members.of .the Women's'Medical
Society of-New York to drink a-glass
of-water at7l0a.m;'"and othcrs'at 3,'4
and .5 p.m.'7'"/This;-���'���she// told, .them,';
would dilute, the-..products of "fatigue
which" were" cntering " the blood' and
causing"that tired feeling. ���
Hours of Labor in Ruins Results in
Thc work of archaclogists uncovering the Aztec ruin in Northwestern
New Mexico is not all pleasurable excitement, says a correspondent. In
addition to desert sun and reptiles, the
excavators have to face 1,000 year-old
dust. powder, the " slow accumulation
of years and, years. . Thc least movement of the foot caused a puff atid thc
first,shovel strokc^a cloud that soon
became unbearable. Under such conditions sponges and masks <niust be
worn, but even these do not prevent
.the inhaling of some dust, so great is
its " penetrating power. '. But the
worst is the "dust cliill." 'For some-
reasau, not yet,understood,'hours of
labor iii one of.these dust.holes result
in illness, the chief symptom of which
is a nervous cliill, ihore or less recurrent for several days. Excavations
in open'rooms are less trying,'but
even, there the- fierce heat oj^Jie" sun.
and'lhe ordinary dust of. the ury soil
arc.enough to. deter "all -but.; enthusiasts of .the expedition"./
A Picture of Peace
On His First Hitch.
"Say," rearked the peevish party
at :tlic -tabfe. "How long havc you
been working in this restaurant?"
"Six weeks, sir,'" replied thc waiter,
"I beg your pardon," apologized
thc-peevish party. "Then it wasn't
you I ordered'that steak froni."'���
American Legion Weekly.
A Mere Detail.
To a deputation Lord Robert Cecil
said that, he would be willing to undertake the task of forming aministry
to succeed that of Lloyd George. And
now all he has to do is. to induce
the country to throw Lloyd George
out���a mere detail,���^Hamilton Herald.
-True, Genuine 'Contentment That; Is.
7.'."', Found' at "the-Farm!Home.
- A New.-York paper tells of a crowd
tliat blocked the passage-" of 7.pedes-
;trians-pn a-busy thoroughfare: before
-the , window- of-;.a- store wherein was
displaycd,-a miniature 'famvhouse.with,
appropriate .farm 'belongings".'--
".That was "all-r-just:a-simple picture
of a farm home, such-as country districts -"everywhere"''present/in .'reality;
but' if-;c;u!ght;- the .-crowd, calling, up.
visions-"of. old ,,home ..'prosperity, /"and
'"contentment. ..:;-'-' / "��� ',''.- :,;,. ---���-.
; Such' a ;picture:'.always '^appeals, to
people..of the cities���especially ,-the
idi'e'rrowds/that tramp" -the ' streets
day and night and live from hand,
to mouth. "' .'-   ������   .     -      '7
A- farm house with/will filled; barns
means three hearty meals a day and.
rest and friendly. shelt.er_/at night to
the city's hungry and^homcle.ss ones.
Yet these things are just what thcy
might have in exchange.for the work
which goes to thc" Winning .of 'them,
and Within a few hours'.journey from
the city's crowded cchtrcs!���^From-'tlic
Atlanta Constitution.. _ -
Trgp airtrjg Vair ie/ Mpv^islirtin^ ���/'bus ineTs i
jbti }f��j$E:Xj&i $*~0i {$.:i$$iXXXXXMX��:
.-- .Commercial Air Service... . ���.,-
The. . British 7Golumbfa . Aircraft
Manufacturing Company-are instituting a- commercial Aircraft service-between, .'Vancouver '" and -'Seattle,. :Vic-
toria':and--:;-NanaInib.VV  'V-"""-.V;:Vf.V -.-
slh^lS^^feenglhVVV; XXXX^XXXX
Big Price For Prizp Wheat!
Thirty dollars for.. a,, bushel of
wheat 1 That is what \V. S. Low-
an, of North Dakota,, paid for a bushel
of Early Triumph seed wheat purchased from "the Wheat Wizard,"
Seager Wheeler, of Rosthcrn, Saskatchewan. There ���were express-tharges
of $3.00,: in addition.." ':.'Mr.'>..Wheeler
has'.figiircd-'a.nibng.-.thc- tbpprjzc/WinV
nlC^s.Vjn.^wlica''t'c.xm^'i.t,s���-.(oY.ycars'alt the.
;Int'cniaU6nal/agric.ult'ural'.'exhibition 3/
Canadian Vessels; Lost During. War.
"V.Thc.Gan^ia.n,-.merchant y'cssc.K'cap-
turcd-pr-..destrpj;ed by^he enemy had.
a.'grpss tonnage/of. 74,323' tons.7 Most
"of- them- were-'"destrqyed/--b~y- "torpedo;
attack.-from'submarines without. Warning./.-; SThe7iiyes-.. lost.inVthcst:, sinkings 'numbered; .'i??V /.The. ^greatest
-loss" .of/life-' in/brie cascj. occurred/at.
7the-sinking of/!the-;S:S;:;-Rbyal'-.Edward
J.'ing-7been-_torpcdocdZ,byVa Zsubm^ine
^without';.warning..' -"./''^-7'WZ ' y'-X'.:.
Sound digestion is the basis,of health
s and vigor. Digestive disorders should
" have prompt attention. If you suffer
from sluggish liver, constipation, impaired appetite, flatulence, dizziness,
lieadache, biliousness, or other
symptoms of stomach disorder 3/mi
may expect to obtain relief by taking
Said everywhere In boxef,
in Canada 25c, 50c.
Plain Misters Rule Empire
Premiers of the Empire at London
Conference Are Most Democratic
There arc now.no prime ministers
in the Dominion who arc burdened
with the prefix "Sir." The last of
them was Sir Lomcr Gouin,' Newfoundland, unlike Canada, did not
promulgate a "self-denying ordinance" in regard to knighthoods, and
so her prime minister, Richard A.
Squires, was created this month a
K.C.M.G. Hc is the only prime minister in thc Western Hemisphere who
is a British knight; while thc only
one in the Eastern Hemisphere so
honored is the premier of Tasmania,
Sir Walter H. Lee. The Premier of
Great Britain is a plain "Mr." And
thc premiers of the Empire who meet
in conference in London are Messrs.
Lloyd George, Meighen, Hughes,
Smuts and -Masscy.���Toronto Star.
A Matter of Looks.
A homely young English chap having his view obstructed by the headgear of the girl in front of him, ventured to protest. .- "See here, miss,"
hc said, leaning over, "I }yant to look
as well as you."
"Oh, do yer?" she replied, in a rich
Cockney accent, as she turned and
looked him square in the eye, "then
you'd better run 'omc and change yer
ficc."���-Boston Transcript.
Compressed Wheat.
An odd suggestion comes from
England as to conserving wheat. It
is proposed to crush or rough grind
wheat, then soften with superheated
steam and compress in hard blocks
and store until wanted, when a simple crushing process would-fit it-for
flour, manufacture.���Scientific American.-     ...... -.-',..-
��� Pctrograd, is    connected with  the'j
Caspian"-and Black Seas by canals."
Our slogan for the coming year
should be, "Buy at Home." Add to
your own and your neighbor's prosperity by keeping the money circulating in our own district.
" Canal   ; boats  arc     the    homes-'
25,000 people   in. England.'    . ./:-
The daily consumption of water
in New York city amounts to 654,-
000,000 gallons. This is about 100
gallons for each- man, woman and
child.. -
Ready lo Help. .
"Oh,, doctor,' I am suffering so
much'I want to die.".
"You did -perfectly right to-call
mc."���-American Legion Weekly.    ' ..
Canada As A
Seat Of Learning
Opportunity For Study  One of tho
Most Striking Features of Cana?
dian Life.
Canadians have twenty-two universities aiid forty-three colleges. In
addition thcy havc nearly 30,000 elementary schools, with 22,000 teachers,
and havc an enrolment of nearly 1,-
500,000 pupils. Lord Burnham, chairman of the Imperial Press Conference, said: "Canada's achievement in
its institutions of) learning is one of
the most striking features of Canadian
life."       . ��� .    >
Soldiers' Re-establishment.
A total of $164,000,000 was paid in
war service gratuities and 47,000 dependents wcrc returned from overseas at thc conclusion of the war, according to the report of thc Department Soldiers' Civil Rc-cstablishment>
Dealing with employment relief given
to returned men and thcir families,
thc report states that $7,058,989 was
spent during 1919-20 and $1,500,000
during the past yea*.
Crop Statistics.
The total area estimated to be sown
to wheat in Canada for ffic harvest
of 1921 is 18,654,100 acres, according
to preliminary estimates issued by the
Dominion Bureau., of Statistics. ' Oi
oats, the total area sown- is placed at
15,295,000, a decrease of 4 per cent,
from last year. The area sown to
barley amounts to 2,456,000 acres, rye1
69S.500, and hay, and clover 10,545,000
acres. ���--
Patronize, your local merchant and
thereby help to build up your home
town and community.
Thc bulls eye lantern of the'London police .lias been replaced by a
neat  electric  Iaipp. (
- Scientists   place   thc .dog
intelligence among animals...
-   '  '     ���*��              ���
st. ior;
INFANT MORTALITY in past ages has .been something frightful, something
*  almost bevond belief, and even today it occupies the time and the mind of\
leading physicians in all countries. The death rate among infants is being gradually ^educed through new methodsof hygiene, hew preventatives and new remedies for infants. This reduction in the death rate has NOT been accomplished by
adapting the precautions taken and remedies used by adults.  Rather has it been.
to keep clear of the old methods, and choose after loug research the precautions.'���
$nd; remedies specifically-applicable-to -mfantsr; ~yj-;-  >v : v ~r:. ty   v " ^ ~X"���""���
, ]y^;-;This heixig so, is it; necessary for.us toi caution; mothers against trying/to
give her baby relief with a.remedy" that she would use for herself?  Will she
::rememberj[;hat.; Fletcher's Castoria is strictly a remedy for infants and children ?
.-��� -^.
'Of Course; Yoix Lqye Your
You love it because <k its very helplessness, because it can't tell
you what is the matter when. ;it feels bad.  'It caii only cry and,look:;
to you for help.   But the more you love baby, the more you want^o
���help baby, the more you ought to realize what a wonderful remedy
.Fletcher's. Castoria is'.!;.-It has been used for babies' ailments for over
: thirty.ye'ars. /-/'.���.;/ y VV;;V 'XX-y, -!,���'��� V-V/V ^VV'!-V"-,V -.:"��� ������..-.
���'.���'"���'.VjLh ejqserieifCell :.doctor:-;a Castoria. especially -
for.babies* use.  It is a harmless substi.^te!for. Castor Oili,.Paregoric,;
/Drops and Soothing. Syr tips.   Doctprs.;Vhd knowVarhat is saf e and b?st / ;
for.babies have only.good to say of.it.-.,...       .    r     ./.     ���.]. .../...-
3^n't neglect-your baby.  Get a.bottle, of Fletcher's Castoria .and ,!
give baby a few doses of it.   See hovr the little one smiles at you as ,!
if trying to thank you for helping it.   Soon you will learn to depend
on Fletcher's Castoria, made just for Infants and Children, and of .
���coarse you.vould not think of using anything for them that was. not,
prepared especially for Infants and Children. So keep it in the house..:
g^nui^e CASTOR I AC^ww��^
Bears the Signature of
i ii
THE    LEDGE,    ^JIJKENWOOD.     B.     (J.
Returning To/Eussik
Through British Influence
London-.���At the annual, meeting bf
the Russo-Asiatic Consolidated Company, considerable light was thrown
upon the recent political" and industrial, developments iu Russia.
Leslie Urquhart, chairman, declared it was no- secret that the British
trade agreement with thc Soviet Government had a profoundly moderating influence on the soviet policy, and
had been the compelling force at the
Communists' congress in March,
which induced the Soviet Government to issue a decree re-establishing the freedom of local trade.
Since the date of the decree, many
small industries have been denation
alized'5 and returned to thegr owners,
who are allowed to trade freely with
their products. Forcible corn requisition has. given place to corn
taxation. The law now permits open
barter between peasants and town-
workers, and admits the principle of
private gain.
Many extremists have been dismissed from the/Soviet Government,
to make room for moderate men,
and others <have_ in practise renounced their communistic ideas
elimination of, economic .restraints
mark the beginning of the re-establishment of favorable conditions for
capitalistic'development in Russia:
Amundsen Will Sail
For North Pole
New York.���Captain Amundsen
is going to try and drift across
to the North Pole. Arriving here
after his rescue from the Siberian
coast, the _ Norwegian "explorer
was quick to say that he would
repair his damaged ship Maude,
and go north again next summer
to freeze into the polar flow and
start his Arctic,drift, which he expects will take five years.
Economic Loss To Britain
London.���Sharp criticisms of the
paucity and slowness of ..commtinica-
tions by steamship, airplane, telegraph
and wireless between Great Britain
and the Dominions were voiced at a
session of-the Imperial conference, at
��� which a decision,was reached to appoint a committee to consider the development1, of comunications "throughout the Empire.
The official text of the speeches
delivered at the meeting w;ere expressions of disapproval of world distribution of news through the United
States. ^
Premier Hughes, of Australia, made
an ��� unfavorable comparison between
the British wireless service and the
German installations that, were. in
operation before the war, as well as
those at-present existing in the
United States.     He said the United
Seventy   Million   Days   Were   Lost
Over^the Coal Strike.    .
London.���Seventy  million working
Gradual' ^ays *ost ,0 ^ie nati��n and ��18,000,-
' 000 of extra expenditure incurred by
the Government, are the official estimates computed in connection with
the economic situation caused by thc
coal dispute. '
The defense force army of reservists cost ��70,000,000 and the railways
claim ��9,000,000 against thc.State for
May alone.
The emptiness of the State coffers
is demonstrated by the surprise announcement in the House of Commons that a new and unlimited issue
Sylvia Pankhurst Freed
Flax Factory For"West
Winnipeg.���Winnipeg is likely
to be selected as a site of a $3,-
000,dp0 factory for the spinning
and twisting of- flax, according to
R. J. Hutchinson, chief of the
fibre division of the Federal Department of Agriculture, who was
here enroute to Ottawa after visiting the principal flax-growing centres in the west. Choice of location is between Calgary and Winnipeg, Mr. Hutchinson said. The
erection of the factory will be begun early this fall.
Hope For Peace
In Ireland Seems
Now Near At Hand
Alaska Warehouse Burned
Sylvia Pankhurst, recently icica��cd
from Holloway Jail, London/ after
serving Jive months as a result of articles that appeared in her Communist
paper, "Workers' Dreadnaught."
Airships ForJForest
States was conducting wireless serv-(   c .              ,      .      , n-      , .                                           i
.     i-     *   r> -i ���      t>             vr        of treasury bonds at 97 and bcarmgi i^,,,,.. ,.������,,.     -,,  ���,.,, , tt-^ : *t.J
ices  to  Great  Britain,  trance,  Nor-l .  .    ���  ,    ' _,,                ,   .              ,.   i Iwo-   Blimps' Will be Used in the
.'   T .i ^...   .       "' -    ,           j interest  at by2 per cent, is urgently          T ���, c iU_ ��r�����j. t->--x_--l i
waj', Japan and Germany, . and was
arranging to cover other fields. He
declared the United States was daily
radiating in every direction, not only
United States hews, but united concepts of world events, and instanced
the transmission of such news to
China, which, he said, formed. its
opinion, of, the British Empire thereon, while -Great Britain did nothing.
He contended that if Grjcat Britain
and the. Dominions failed to increase
wifeless, telegraph and wireless telephone services, in the immediate future, thcy would fall far behind other
.Premier Meighen, of Canada, said
ithat while Canada had less cause to
complain   than   Australia   and   New
Zealand, her exchange of neVs with
the,mother land was unsatisfactory.
Drought Afflicts Wide Area
v" :���  ������
Conditions   Especially   Alarming   in
Quebec, Ontario and Maritime
Ottawa.���Conditions ���/ are rapidly
becoming alarming in Quebec and
Ontario, as well as in the Maritime
.- provinces, oiving to the drought, the
agricultural department states. Pasture is drying up and_ltay is scanty to
thc point where the cattle industry is
.already severely threatened, it is said.
Rains in Manitoba an& Saskatchewan
as well as in Northern Alberta make
the prospects for the    prairie   prbv-
. inces very satisfactory. . Southern
Alberta has had rain also, the department says, but it has come, as
far as a considerable area is.concerned, .too late. ..Conditions, there,
however, are' much improved generally." "       ���   7       ;    " ���   ,      ' ;''    '" ;-'
A Farmer's Book
F. O.
Dairy, Morrison and Other U.
Leaders Will Collaborate.
. Tor6nto;���One of... the Christmas
books this year will be an autobiogra-
ohy of. the United. Farmers -of Ontario. " Premier Drury is writing of
the movement as a* whole; J. J. Morrison'has been assigned to write.the
political aspects W. LVSmith will out-
-line'"the'early"'"Agrarian' ""movement;
.Col. J. ,.S. Fraser.'.will. tell of fanners'
.-experience in- running, a Viewspaper;
-W. C. Good will reveal the economic
"reasons for the U. F. O.; and Mrs.
Georgc.Brodie will write of .'what the
United Farm Women of.Ontario have'
' accomplished," ��� and;, hope to do yet.
���M..H. Staples,' the";U.:-FY O. director
' of education, will edit the volume and
prophcsyS what will happen, to the
movement in the" future., ."   ..'.-'- "���; ."
Damage   to   Crops   Is   Feared
,��� 7Government .Officials./;.������/'-.-/
''-.; Winnipeg.���Reports' that have been
. reaching,here from different, parts.of
��� Manitoba'.'.. and / Saskatchewan ��� * that
black.-rust." had.been "detected "oh the
growing wheat arc now substantiated
.by Government., officials,-, says a Winnipeg . newspaper;--, .The newspaper
says that/several., samples ' received
fronr a number of points in' the'.-west
"have-proved conclusively that"".tlic-in-.
. fe~c.ti.6ii is widespread.'.'-'v 7 / -..*"
Damage; to'the crops- .depends on
the weather during the 'next/week or
��� two, ' but thc - fact that'black-rust
has made its appearance... at this
early date is considered serious, but
no;-' alarming, the, paper continues.
Rcppirt Oil Find On Vancouver Island
Vr'Yietbria.-^-Thc; existence/;pf.;oil''On.
Qtiiitsinb Sound- at. -tlie"-north' en'd-.gf
.Vancouver- Island, "is7 reported'by;,B:
W. Leeson, custon: Vofilccn a"t;v-Quatr.
sino, who has arrived/h-cteiv-; Samples
;of'oil;shale, .have -been",; forwarded to
.Ottawa for/Gdvcrhriient. arialj-sis, Mr.
Leeson/. stated:/; 77'..'-"-"'.'-'" - V /'.'"-'- V;'.'���
^XXBM^0^XiM $p^yjiXp& '^���s^PSfsS
|jECt77;ti^ttV Iy��&rTp&?j0^X^iosteri.
British Fleet        '
Prepared For Turks
needed to meet obligations maturing J
in the next few months7
Three. hundred million pounds of
debts has to be dealt with instead of
the one hundred million originally
budgetted for. The new bonds will
run for eight years, thus giving time
for a gigantic fund operation at a
more reasonable opportunity.-
Farmer Leaders' Tour
When    Situation    Threatens    at
Turkish Capital.
Malta.���Virtually the entire British
Mediterranean fleet with all the attendant . ships, including the aircraft
vessel Pegasus, is enroute.for or concentrated within easy reach of Constantinople, where the situation is
viewed with sonic alarm, in view of
expected attacks-by-Kcmalist troops.
It is said that British military reinforcements, also are coming out from
England immediately.
Never, before has-.ihe .harbor, of
MalU^bccn so empty. ' Even the reserve ships here are destined for. thc
east,-and the/vessels which recently
sailed in that direction.have carried
large supplies of ammunition.
In   view'. of these movements the
commander-in-chief " of   the   Meditcr-
* '       ��� i --
rahean,'Admiral de Robeclc, who was
expected here-July 21,'was" not considered likely to come!.-
-The. only exceptions, to the naval
movement eastward-, arc five vessels
of) the-light'cruiser ��� squadron' -under
Admiral- -' Tyrwhitt,- .which arc- at
Alexandria. -
Waiting to Learn What Dates Can
Be Arrange*d With Hon. T. A.
X .Crerar. yS _
Toronto.���The tour of the Big
Three farmer leaders is still up in the
air. Premier Drury and J. J. Morrison have been waiting to learn what
dates could bc arranged with Hon. T.-
A. Crerar.
Today word was received at U.F.O.
headquarters to the effect that Mr.
Crerar could not promise any- definite time as yet, but that he still
i was ��� making efforts to attend the
Canadian Council of Agriculture,
which opens its session in Toronto
on July 26. If he is able to do so,
the speaking tour will probably be
made late in July or early in August.
Lake of the Woods District.
Camp  Borden, Ont.���Two airships
of  the  blimp  type  wcrc  shipped re-! was accused," said Dr. Schmidt. "Thc
German Officer Acquitted
Frenchman  Shot in Cold Blood By
Order of Officer.
) Leipzic.���Dr. Schmidt,-president of
the Supreme Court, in announcing
the acquittal ot Lieut.-Gen. Karl
Stenger, of the charge of having ordered the execution of " wounded
French soldiers and prisoners, and
the conviction of Major Bruno Cru-
sitis on the same charge, declared that
an experienced officer like Crusius
should have known General Stenger
was incapable of giving such orders.
Crusius was sentenced to two years'
imprisonment, and was deprived of
the right to wear the German uniform
in the future.
'It  has   not   been   established   that
Stciigcr gave the order of which he
ccntly. to be used by the Kccwatin
Lumber Company in thc Lake of the
Woods district. Under thc direction
of Lieut.-Col Mulock, D.S.O., formerly of the naval air service, they will
be used for forest patrol work, as well
as aerial photography. Thcy are being loaned by the air board so that
reports on_ their capabilities may be
made by the company. *���=;
Signs of Conciliation.
London.���Sinn Fein flags intertwined/with-. -Union .- Jacks- in -the ^Irish
quarter of Liverpool greeted the visit
of-the Prince of Wales to "that" city,
and; according, to-a prominent Sinn
.Fcincr, the order for- this came from
Dublin." Other signs bf 'conciliation
are looked for as a; general cessation
of hostilities'.-. is.considcrcd essential
beyond, all 'else - to "negotiations "for
peace.'  ;, ,   /r ���,;  ."- 7 ."'-.'-/ ' '.    ��� -.   -V'
. Favors Research-Bodies.
/ Londoi^���*rhc". Empire -Universities
conference; at' Oxford-discussed tech),
nological education.. Sir Arthur Cur-
rie,7 principal,- of'McGill- University,
joined- in'.the debate,'.advocating technological-research iii.. - separate--- research, institutes .in close connection
with a -university.;....-'    .        .."-.." "  /'
Reclaim Land in BX.
Work Will Be Carried On By. British
-. Columbia and Idaho Governments.
Victoria���Reclamation,   of    100,000
acres   of   agricultural    land   in    the
Kootenay  Flats,  one-third   of", which
is in British Columbia and thc balance
in Idaho,���was discussed at a conference    here    between Premier ��� Oliver,
John T-. P-attullo,;,minister.- of   lands,
and Governor Baker,  ofldalio, and
W.    G..   Swenson,'of. the Idaho reclamation  commission. ���-'." - .   "
. -It is expected the.reclamation work
will be carried on jointly by the British Columbia and Idaho Governments,
but Ottawa and.Washington \yill have
to be Consulted.   ���
,/Entcrtaih, Kiddies at Calgary. -
.7;Ca!garyc���The Calgary Elks .entertained -fiftccii.thpiisand-'childrcn'at it.
monster' picnic here,' which proved'to
be one'- of-ihe'most" -successful' affairs,
of-/the-'kiiid. ever", .staged in,"Calgary.
The day was a riot of fun. for children
and .grown-up*.lalikc," ���-���'"-
/ - Strength Of Empire
Tolerance Is  Secret of' British Suc-
,  cess, Rabbi Hertz States.
'-'/Vancouver.���^Speaking', before the
Canadian. Club, here, Very -Rev.
Joseph H." Hertz,, chief rabbi of the
United Hebrew" Congregations of the
British Empire, declared "that the latitude, and-longitude of spirit in British
institution's -;is the- secret .of Britain's
imperial .success...', By latitude,' Dr.
Hertz explained, -he" meant, thc -broad
spirit .of" ',tolcra"ncc .- that', "obtained
throughout/the empire in general and
in Canada-in particular; by longitude,
.the-habit.of taking-an age-long "view
of things.-' -7;   "   VV."-/''""'-'. -.'.. .7.
"The' British- Empire,'1! declared. Dr.
Hertz,.."is'-not "-built-up on machine
guns.".,-- ' ' .'-' X'~'X] '/���".���/..".,,' '-"-' .
"-.The"".effect-. of .the ^British: system
upon thc races' that make ..up the
j empire, he -illustrated by,,thc/lpyalty
of'tlic Jewish,-racc,-"w!iic.h'sent '50,000
to.fight-for her."in the late war".   ."'���'
Canada To Share
In Reparations
Basis Likely to be on Expenditure of
Country and Number of
Casualties. -""
London.���The conference of Prime
Ministers are grappling with the problem of reparations. Under the decision reached by the Supreme Allied
Council, the Empire receives twenty-
two per cent, of whatever Germany
pays, fifty-five per cent, going to
France and the balance to Belgium
and Italy and the other allied1 nations.
The task now confronting the,conference is to fix a basis upon which thc
amount to bc collected by thc Empire shall be apportioned*?mong its
different parts.
This, it, is being found,- involves
no little difficulty." It involved difficulty because a basis that might work
advantageously."for - one dominion
might prove unfair to.another. Thus,
for example, if loss bf shipping.were
to " bc made .the basis, the mother
country, which suffered'so heavily, in
tonnage,' would .get .practically every-'
thing, atid ���thc dominionsnothing.
No decision was Reached, but.it'is
understood that it is not improbable
that the 'amounts' will be determined
by expenditure 7 and the number of
casualties. -This,: it is believed, would
be satisfactory to - Premier' -Meighen
as, in view, of Canada's comparatively
heavy sacrifices, both -in blood" and
treasure, it would ensure the Doming
ion receiving a fair share of "whatever
amounts are paid* over.- .. .
. As/ to-what .amount-it may be"
found possible; to collect from Germany; ".that, of--"courscris- an-'-entirely
different matter., Sir-Robert Home,
chancellor "of ,.the -exchequer,-;'who'
addressed the 'conference, ;ori ...the
matter^  requested  that his" words-lie
executions,' which undoubtedly occurred, cannot be imputed to him.
"Crusius was not responsible for
his action on August 28, owing to the
mental derangement, but on August
21 he was, quite well and knew what
he was doing. The actions of Crusius were due -to negligence as he
thought Stenger had given the order
to finish off the wounded-and prisoners. An experienced officer like-himself, however, should have known
Stenger was not capable of giving
such an order."
During the course of trial, Dr.
Stronau, an alienist, testified that
Crusius had been sent homc from
the front a nervous wreck. Crusius
repeatedly told Stronau that /"his
complete collapse was chiefly due to
the ghastly scenes'witnessed on the
battlefield in carrying out General
Stenger's order to ��� shoot wounded
men and prisoners."
Fire   Caused By Explosion  On
Tanker. .
Cordova, Alaska.���Flames from;an
explosion on the oil tanker Margaret,
which destroyed the vessel, a "wharf
and warehouse at Katalla, were
brought under control before they
reached a refinery and several oil
tanks, according to advices reaching
here. The loss is estimated at. $50,-
000. Three members of the: Margaret's crew, severely burned, were
brought here. It is believed that
tliC3r will recover. Persons returning from Katalla reported that the
community fought all night to save
thc refiner)'.
Have Faith In Rainmaker
Britain Is Gratified
Medicine Hat Makes Contract With
Hatfield For Next Year.
Calgary.���So infatuated arc thc
Medicine Hat fanners with "Rainmaker" Hatfield that the agricultural association of that district has contracted with him to "bring rain" in
1922. This in the face of the fact
that for nearly three weeks there was
not a drop ..in his vicinity although
moisture was urgently needed. They
believe that he was responsible for the
last general rains although the
meteorologists mildly claim that these
were due to natural causes and came
all the way from the Alaskan waters.
- Hatfield has been guaranteed $1,00C
an inch, and lias earned approximately $4,000 for about two months' operations in the Chappicc Lake district.
Next year he sayS he will have two
plants in the Mcdicme Hat area.
Only Farm Immigrants Wanted.
Montreal.���That all immigration
except that of farm labor should be
excluded from Canada for the next
two years, was the opinion of the
Montreal Trades and Labor Council
at its meeting. There was only one
dissenting vote to this motion.
London.���A truce has been declared between Britain and Ireland.
Preparations are already under way
to end hostilities on the "part of those
actively, engaged in the Irish cause
and the Crown forces.
Developments leading to the truce
were divided between London' and
Dublin, Eamonn,dc Valera, Irish Republican leader, and his Nationalist
associates -renewed their conference
with the Southern Unionists,, and Earl
Midlcton, a Unionist, wrho recently
conferred with the British Prime
Minister, read a le'tter from Mr. Lloyd
George to the effect that hostilities
must cease if negotiations looking to
peace were to succeed.
General Sir Neville Macready, British military commander in Ireland,
appeared at thc de Valera conference
and it was not for many hours later
that thc annbunccment was made at
the Prime Minister's official residence
in London that in accordance with the
Prime Minister's offer and' "Mr.' de
Valera's reply, arrangements were going forward for thc cessation of hostilities.
The King has been a leading figure
in the developments up to the present, while General Smuts, the South
African Premier, has Eacted as the
pivot on which the peacc'Jmovemeht
has turned. There is hope in London and in Dublin, too, that peace
must come out of the forces wliicr},
are now engaged in sceking^a settlement.
Events moved swiftly' both in London and Dublin. Not only has Mr.
de Valera, contrary to the general expectation, consented to come to London to discuss witli Mr. Lloyd George
the basis on which a settlement of
thc Irish question might be reached
by the Prime Minister's proposed
London conference, but a truce has
been arranged. /
This has, given reasonable assurance that the original conference to
which the Prime Minister invited the
Irish Republican leader and Sir James
Craig, the ^Ulster premier, will be
Express    Appreciation    of . Services
Given by GpveAior-General
To Canada.
Ottawa.���A cablegram of appreciation' of his services while governor-
general of Canada has been received
by His Excellency, the Duke bf Devonshire, from the secretary of state
for the' colonics. .- Thc cablegram is
as follows: - . " .     '. I the north.     A dark blue 3y2 ell blan-
"Plis .'Majesty's  , Government have  ket capot, unlincdf which came about
observed    with   great    pleasure 'the[haifWay to thc, knee, and strange "to
My First Dog Driving
By O-GE-MAS-ES (Little Clerl$.
' -  "" ' (Continued) ' " ~ ";/'*'' '
I also speedily adopted  thc native
dress which is infinitely the best for
not  have" been   much
-terms of high, appreciation' in which
your services, as governor-general "of
Canada are acknowledged in' the address presented to you .at the closing
of, parliament and in the speeches
on the address made in both houses.
Thcy-arc much gratified'to. note' the
recognition ' in- all quarters''of "your
-devotion.to Canada and Canadian interests during j-o'iir term of office" and.
feci that "you have thereby rendered
notable service to the whole Empire.
T should'be glad if you'will communi-
-ctitc- this telegram to: your government.'-'. -   , '     - .-���../.-.
C! ��� '
Attempt at Exportation Frustrated by
Buenos! Aires Officials: -.'. .7,.
Buenos 'Aircs.���Con.fiscatiqn of gold
held confidential, but. there, is, good, -���,...���. ,  ,  ,.    .    ,        ,
r  ������    ,   .-      :, .. ���, -      .      -,.   valued .at ten thousand douars aboard
for  stating  that.he -was ,np- ' *- ....... -     .
over sanguine pi .any-great.sum being
realised.-'   7'-"- "-  '. ,_ '   ��� , ".- :���
: Asiatic Cholerp Ravages, Russia;,
Stockholm.���Jfaiatic-   ���..cholera,   .is
spreading;   rapidly    in    the whole of
Europron Ersjii, according   .to
public heal
0,000 cases
vJrish: Earl Still Missing v
Police Believe Place of. Detention is
", / . Changed Daily.    V-
Belfast~A.lthbugh,;h.umb'crs of .the
police "and, military arc. scouring, the
country in search of- the Earl of Bon
idon,  who
the  American"-'freight  steamer," Boston Bridge," prior to-the departure" of
that; vessel  for-' New.-York,.'was  a'n-7
nounced.' by .tlie'customs-authorities,
who-declared"thaf.thcy thereby- frtis-
trated;an attempt, at, .clandestine ;ship-
meiit-.of "gold in ^violation of the ^decree, prohibiting, its .exportation..' ; ".'
The m.o.neV will..'be,..divided,/in.;'ac-
''cordance.wiih'. long', practice, aniong
..(..the -. customs,, employees  w'lio/ discbv:
���e'red it7 '-.''""ii ,-' "Z7..7/   ;'     . ..-    ���--:i:-~
/Morocco troops ^Mutiny
Spanish" Battery- Driven From P-dsl
V'-\ tion and.Six^Officers. Killed.
.   Ma'drid.r���Large. contingents' of,; na'
lives-' have: attacked  and ..occupied';
.position, -in -Mordcjcb:'which/'was   dc
fended by a Spanish".battery -and .i'\vb
companies  of  natives  who  had been
enrolled; for service, under -'the Span-.
ish- Jlag'.."-'  " The 'native    companies
mutinied*, .asid  .killed ..six- officers ;b'c^
longing-to   tl.ic  force, occupying, the..
position.,-    The ."native,' contingents'
afterwards, attaeked'another" position,'
but were repelled aftc.r'a.sanguinary
light lasting ".26 hours, .during which fas yet. due to';thc~facfc that, there 'has
thcy suffered heavy losses, including
say th'ey- were made without, buttons
but -.fastened' with buckskin/thongs
and gartering". . Then stroud leggings *
coiiiing halfway up-the thigh,'made
loosely' and always with a'"fringe on
thc outside seam; whitefor every day
and blue' for festive occasions. These
were always gartered firmly below
the knee. Then best of ajl," a full-
sized la, assomptioh belt of many colors, which was girded above the hip's
and formed a great*support and also
made the. costume much wanner; A-
hiige pair/of fur or moose skin mittens were.always carried as-a-spare;
These were fastened ' together by, a
thong' "long' "enough1" to"'" go'over' "tlie"
belt. - ��� Gloves or light.mits were-used
.when running,' but if -caught in a
storm-or lost track thc big-ones-were 1 .   . .     .
csscntiaf.-:,'. ��� - V/''' ."���'_- '-. ". '! carry .them. by.
- i.The first experience a tender
has wheu running is to sweat violently, and here thc -.ordinary .wool, sock
is' but- of,;little .use ,as it/'gets .wet.
where/you. tread" and,, is "difficult..and
slow, to-dry.,...,;S-0 ,1 soon 'discarded
them .and;adopted the -oblong duffl.e
or. stroud -square," .which ."can- be dryed
"in, a minute Or'two'at..any stop sa'nd
i-thcre are/four'changes,  one  in  each,-  ��� . . ,-
- . .    -  ", -    .,,,-   ,.- ',---,   ���   " ",i-a--nstanec, much-to
corner ol -it. : -1, still kept. the7.!cgs oil v-  . '.   -.,-."-
���   '    " -   .-.- '.- p      . ftlie-othc". (lrivi-rs.
cut'the'i:"'-."    ""- '      - ���   ���
..-.    . '  !   ,-And ;so
V ��� Bush Fires .In. Ontario. -,
/; Toronto.-^A"1 though' bush,.-tires are
blazing ..in.-'dozens pf. places, in Northern Ontario' ,oii both| side's -oiithe
Teniiskaiiiing. aiid Northern" Ontario
Railway, cast. : and west of .'.Cochrane;,
rib great 'conflagration ha'!;./developed
worse. The
whip, however, was 'noi brutal, but a
Club was, and I have often interfered
when the latter -.vas-used. Fortunately my own team were so willing
and high-spirited that a whip was not
necessary". .- Sired by a Scotch stag
hound, thcir mother a husky, they all
took after the father in disposition,
and were the only fifst-clnss train 1
was ever lucky enough to own. The
whip, however,' was always necessary
at feeding time to protect your own
team: Two whitcfish was the day's
nical for each dog and this -was his
breakfast, dinner- and supper all in
one, for as a rule dogs were never fed
in the daytime"; though with my fa��t
travellers, especially when alone, I
found" a'small quantity of dried or
"pounded meat very helpful in thc middle" of tlie day. 'These fish wcrc carried frozen and ".were thawed"at night-
before .the "camp fire. ' Thcy are
stuck through the tails by a stick called the :spedc, which was useful to
Feeding   time   ai-
f     .-!-vivos and the dogs consisting cf two,
foot h     --..-.    .       ;J     ,        ,   & '
1 ores or tour-trams, have been watching the.fish at the fire closely. Vou
call!your own. dogs, all the men bc-
ing"a.little distance apart. My'dogs
tfe're delicate and did not bolt thc fish
iii.two..biles as'.Brandy would. Accordingly an Jitack would be made on
my- -Jea:;i' by .the other dogs every
.!: night,'' and at first I \��ould yeil for
he anr.iscnctiit of
tiicwool stockings arid
feet off. /777- '���': .    ,���
"V There,-. is    anothci7ii'io.<t"" import an !'j..
a-doV -it-;.i./rl-'^.;,.;...;../,( ....Vr!'until"-we" were; hoim \��ard  bound  for
the. day; went  on.       Post
post  was-'viritul by thc  factor
driver's" c<|uipuuiit,:
lOOkilled,  while the Spanish  troops
had'nhree officers; including a major,.'
jofding    to
was  kidnapped "at  Bantry, j and.oO men wounded:
j      County Cork, June 21; when his resi-j"   "These    events,   which   have   been
..     .. ,        ,-'1.^.  dcrice, Castle Bernard, was burned, no |;made known officially, havc produced
i.:tcoi-'..��fl. _    I here, were   trace jias  s0 far t,ec��� j0un(�� ot- him. j!a ..bad impression',' because thc:-p��blic
-epr-rt'.'-l up to Jtfne 2a>.       It j. ^j,^ jKre tjiat' the^placc. of i had come to believe that there could-
.Ror.t\   News:
t}\i in>peria.
Agetscy.- ir:
Degree From. Edinburgh .University.
' ��� London.^���Premier,; Meighen.';has accepted ,the;offer of Edinburgh University- to ;confcr. upon liihi, the-degree, of
doctor of;laws,and.he will-vi'sitftliiat
city on July 18. ;';He..wiH.aiso-reCcive
.the/freedom of:"the-'-City.-57 ,/,������:   \ /;'-"'---,.
Jiis  detention ��� is  changed-daily,   and j
that he is being held as a hostage for
,"the .safety; of ..some-.condemned -rcpub-
lican^V' "/'-'"/^"V^'/V. /  >y 7;'/:-. XX
���"'"!."Reii ThriU .at;Calgary Fain   ...-
/Yokohama'.'���Ron .Vid,jH.i!h;:,-Sg"cd.!21v'
so.n..',bf^^:!7?A^\-HillVa.-pro'^lj^'<?n^ -B.rit-
be no more serious- fighting in Mor-
-occo. ' ' ;���'���".". .���.."..'
been no" wind-to speak.of.' 'Reports
from- the north; -agree- that if. a stiff
wind^springs up before-rain comes to
extinguish the flames,, no ��� section of
the settled part of tho' north country
will bc free from the tn'riiacc bf fire
out of control.
Census Returns Rapid,
Ottawa.���-Returns from the  census
comniissioncrs- are "coming .in7rapidly
.according.".to. a7Sta.tement1ma'dc"!by, E.
tj.e i S-.'-Mc-PKail-, assistant census .'commis-
' I sio'ncrI';.;:""-,rhc. census so .far' prbmssca
, Rssia   hav^/'becn!   fcelihg'/.-out
-,. Calgary;.--E^ght v;thouiand -.people.^ g^ind^." ih> Iradc-circics-Uh^Frapce !.  . 	
.the largs:-t;;-gi-.i::'Is;a;:d,crowd. e�� ,t-s !"v/i^t:V'��hV;A::ew//!th"e.y '''indicated/ Vot" I -to be" .^ most ^complete in ihe '.history
present..Calgary "exhiMtion, \ve:e!givV'^:^
en" a< real "thrill 'during ..the auU-miob:*: , 0t;jcr
T^en^tgilmgV^^ ;^ies;;;;iin7 ^x^rSgCnKftlSf^SV^i^^
|>^T!i eVftai; f^lap0i0Xih toiigfl^tHS-^dirTt
{fpraiSQite e;��';��hite;:7;3^ig^ S3-
||une7"?.7 ~l:}^^i,^Q^ii^^ii^0X^?X
that- is" the" >\ lup.-Thc/ordinary. 'Jiusky'
is"-j'.s elite; as/a'fbx.aiui/.quit.c oftftr.' as
w-iclcVd a:.'-.".. bear, so his .respect for,
his driver- is -governed by the-.latter'-; j
ability  to punish.;.-    A  good  whip'is !;
uiadc'olF plaited'.deerskin' thongs.' over
a' round heart, which, is  loaded  with
-sh/ot/tapcriiig "in  size- - 'Four, six 7 or
eight  thongs  arc used   according' to
th.sto.'     First-class-whip makers were",
famous   and.found- a .ready  sale" for.
.their ,whips' practically ,at  their' "own
prices.    The handle, was" of liardwo-jj.
sixteen"   to   tw"eniy''inches   long, and
loaded at thc hca<l.     This was. useful
as a weapon if thc dogs attacked you..
Well,  I- have described, the whip, to
the best.pf myability, but,hb\y.-tb use
7it !-is.'quite*-:"anb'her "''-matter." ""-'.'"Wh'at
hb'iirs..'I..s'pcht-.in .'practising, "and after
sorne.-.years did attain-a certain measure of success, but was never a crack
by* any'means;.- '-"-..'?";"    ''-/'-���' ���:''���-'-. .
Vlt/.wras ". a- fearsome, sight  to  see
Johnny' Beads.when thoroughly exas-"
pcratcd "by the/conduct '^of his team,
applying ;the '. whip, ���- - Upsetting, his
flat sleigh and placing his-foot on tho
J.tracc-.he .wbuld proceed ' to flay "the
Fort. Ellis, inching  :!>c 3a>t  camp at
7Rid:n'' Mountain-House    with    some
I - ���- -      ' ' "
I sixiyJ'-iniles to, go.       The iron factor
,stiU-.kcpt",hie_ ajiciid and *ti.'sccuding a
'hill,-;.a--,bVa'nch-'caught my snow goggles. :'iiid..whiricd-ihim1into -pace. No
one could iiiul-' them, so on \\e went,
.a'ml;cbn^c.()Ueiitly I was laid up for a
-day-6r-.two=.\vith a severe attack of
snow'blindness"\\hich is most painful.
The native cure is to steam thc eyes
over- strong.black tea and poultice
lb cm ^yith .the. leaves.
Speaking; _of: ' pains in one place
which arc dreaded by\dog drhers. I
was cainpin'g-IateVon that winter with
Johnny. Beads, at-the Qu'AppcIle Riv-
'cr." c-n'poutc'to Fort Pcl'y. and after
wevhad;. fna'dc'iour camp lie took'his
blanket and axe and started for the
ice* I watched him with interest as
he steadily chopped for half an hour
and at' last struck, thc water which, as
usual, rose to the top. He then
stripped off his moose skin pants and
moccasins and held his It gin the ice
water right iip to his middle far over
five minutes. Then, - wrapping his
blanket round him, he catne tes-Tirtg"
culprit, whose'.yells'could -be Lc'ard for jup' through' the snow barefooted to
miles,''!while his;marcs wlou'id join iti'j camp. "'What have yoa becn doing
for-.-sympathy.V-.At.every stroke theijohnnyr"' I asked. "Oh,"' he rf-plicil,
hair,;-wo'uld'fly, from the shoulders \o! "I had .'a pain :in my leg and that it
.the .h:n<;. ' '"ThV7 Uii^isn' Krnist crtmii j the best cure!"
7Th'e. Russian' Knout could i the be
Is $2.50 a year strictly in advance, or $3
when uot paid for three mouths or more
have passed. To Great Britain and the
United States $3., always in advance.
Delinquent Co-Owner Notices $25.00
Coal and Oil Notices    7.00
Estray Notices ...3.00
Cards of Thanks    1.00
Certificate of Improvement  12.50
(Where] more than one claim appears in notice, $5.00 for each additional claim.)
All other legal'advertising, 12 cents a
line first insertion, and 8 cents a line for
each subsequent insertion, nonpariel
Trauscient display advertising 50 cents
an inch each insertion.
Business locals I2^c. n line each insertion.
The blue cross means that
your subscription is due, and
tl'.at the editor would be pleased
to have more money.
Aimless criticism has wrecked
inauy good orgiuizations and our
advice is not to indulge in such but
r&tber try to improve with helpful
Some people are complaining that
the huge crops are shading the
roads and preventing the sun.from
drying up the mud holes. You
naturally can't satisfy some folks.
If you happen to know of anyone who is not getting The Ledge
who would like to receive it you
���will confer a favor upon us by
sending the name in to our office.
"We do not want to overlook anyone that might he interested.
The man who is working at
what can, be done is not indispensable. But the man who does what
can be done is indispensible���the
business cannot get along without
him. Conscience always points to
what is beyond our capacity. But
.the world progresses only as man-
,kind'does.'-what cannot be done.
If a thing" is -impossible let's do it.
'-'..We would  like to suggest'that
-.occasionally you  take a half day
s   ofi from being so busy and take a
-: run out into, the country and visit
a  iewof the boys on  the land.
- -They:, will;-sure -appreciate  your
coming and you never_can tell just
.what a.friendly; little chat" over-a
rail fence may;mean,.-even t�� that
business of yours which keeps, you
so busy. - The Boundary.' Valley is
. "settled -with as fine a class.of Canadian as can be found in the whole
] : Dominion, .and_-..it -is" worth while
for every, business" man !.to get to
, -'. know;.these people, in . a' realJ genu-
"! .ine'.way. . "There'-" is,- not��the--!least'
'7 reason why we should not, be -just
-as good friends".wi.th"the farmers.a3
. -Timothy-Eaton and Robert.'Simpson,-and we! could .if wei.would..
/ Communication
/ To the Editor T ns - Ledge : -^
7 /',. -Dear Sir,r���
' - . The Sabbath was made for
rnan and not man for Sabbath. So
. the/aiilos spe.pd.past the church on
Sunday. It cannot be shown, however, that this saying of the Great
Master-was.meant to ease the con^
science of the^backslider. and what
els? is the Christian who leaves
.his church to go a touring? There
were very, few people at any of the
churches on Sunday, bat the roads
���were lined with autos and a great
cloud of dust spread itself over
lawn, field and garden. There ie
an injunction, which 7although
given thousands of years ago has
V more application! to . the Sunday
'7 /pleasure seeker.. which.,isV ''Seek
V ye first the kingdom of ..God; and
His righteousness,''- which contains
V the;.promise .that those !w.ho/go
X. motoring, foripleasnre., afterwards7
;. are.sare to-'find-it-; .The!/desertion
V bnrVv.chuiches /is /robbing, /future
;/generations.of>.certain ,8.weetpe/s
!,;ofv'iif.e.Vyphich ].adds"muchX:toyita!
-.! A\ Cai'RCHeoES I
(Victoria Daily Times)
If another plebiscite could be
taken to test public sentiment in
respect of the open sale of beer and
the lighter variety of wines it is
probable that there would be a
majority in favor of such a plan.
Many people who are not the
slightest bit interested 'in the use
of alcoholic stimulants are of the
opinion that a comparatively unrestricted distribution of the less
potent kind of- intoxicating liquid
would reduce the use of the stronger beverages. All this may be
quite true. But the fact remains
that the Liquor Control Act definitely provides that intoxicating
liquor shall be sold only by the
official vendor at a Government
store. Very naturally this has no
relation whatever to liquid purchased outside tho Province and
imported under Dominion privilege. Section twenty-six of the
new law reads as follows:
"Except as provided by this Act, no
person shall, within the Province, by
himself, his cleik. servant, or agent,
expose or keep for sale, or directly or
indirectly or upon -any pretence, or
upon auy device, sell or offer to sell, or
in consideration of the purchase or
transfer of any property, or for any
other consideration, or at the time of
the transfer of any property, give to
any other person any liquor." '
While the foregoing section is
self-explanatory it is further provided that neither a vendor nor a
person acting iu any capacity for
him shall sell liquor in any other
place or at any other time or otherwise than as authorized by the Act
and the regulations affecting it.
In other words a restaurant, a grocery establishment, a club, a stationery store, or other form of
vending agency must not expose
any other bind of liquor for sale.
In view of this precise and definite
provision,. and more especially in
the light of the decisive verdict of
the Legislature in session, how can
it be argued that either the Liquor
Control Board "or the Government
has one ounce. of authority "to
change the - statute .without first
haying obtained,the permission.of
the elected representatives of the
people?   .',-.���
There   is   nothing   in   the ..Act
:whiebV may.  lead- to   speculation
upoii whether any particular, gro
.eery-' store,  or. any particular ice
cream establishment, or any particular, kigd . of  club, might   prevail
upon  the authorities to train the
blind eye upon   infractions of Sec
tion twenty-s.ixi ��� And if/it is neees
sary, to particularize, upon  the1 interpretation q��the prohibition and
what it includes Sectidn.forty-six is
as  definite as could/be .and reads
as- follows: -���.'.. ."���'--������,.'."-' 'V.::' '-;'��� ' -~
~: "No person'other than a Government
...Vciulor.shall sell or deal many liquid
-known -or. described as. beer"'or, near-
beer or by any, name whatever comhion-
.. ly, used  to -describe  mall or   brewed
/liquor.'1'.;'���;_ .-'--������":���     '":'   ':_'' ���' , 7 ,   -"'
, The /Premier of the Province has
given his opinion iipon..the question
and he regards any sales contrary
to the precise provisions of the Act
to be Unlawful, There is no necessity even for this opinion. Tlie Act.
is plain and capable of being understood by everybody. AH that is
necessary to remove such doubts
as may exist in the minds of the
people ia a definite announcement
by the Liquor Control Board to the
effect that the Government aud
the Government. alone is the sole
and absolute vendor of liquor in
British Columbia to British Columbians. Even this procedure is
merely telling the people that the
law is law.'. ~-y.'X:   VV --.-'.'
-It is easy, to understand - that a
number qfVex-Service .clubs would
prefer, to retain th.e.privileges.whicb
.were theirs/under; -the= !;Prohibitiqn!
Act. So would, the jitney-bars,, and
so would,thevarious typtes.of.''soft
drink".-.eetablishmentsV/Bnt the
law.doe's'-'not!permife./VJf theiclubs
prefeivtb test^^ :th.e>.strength;7/6f !the!
Act. in:fa".'fri,en3ly-:-manAer.;66-: w,ell
and so/goodi.. ;^t;.can be said at /.the
outset, however, that neither of
the Veterans' organizations in this
city is desirous of doing anything
except the right thing. Their case
has plenty of support; but it looks
as if it could not succeed until the
Act is changed.
The Color Line
An elderly lady of very prim
and severe aspect was seated next
a young couple, who were discussing the merits of their motor cars.
"What color   is   your   body?"
asked the young man of the girl at
his side,  meaning of course,   the
body of her motor.
"Oh. mine is pink. What is
"Mine," replied the young man,
"is brown with wide yellow
This was too much for the old
lady. Rising from the tfcble, she
"When young people come to
asking each other the color of their
bodies at a dinner-party, it is time
I left the room."
While We Have Them
There's uo one like a mother, lad,
To comfort all our"pain;
There's uo one like a father, lad,
To make one smile again;
So while we have our mother, hoy,
Let's drive away her fear;
And while we have our father, boy.
Let's fill his heart with cheer.
There's no one like a mother, lad,   tj
To keep us pure within;
There's no one like a father, lad,
To warn away from sin:
So while we have our mother, boy,
Oh, let us not rebel;
And while we have our father, hoy,
_ Let's heed his warnings well.
The time is surely coming, lad,
Wheinnother will be gone;
The time is surely coming, lad,
Of father's passing on;
So while we have our mother, boy,
^Xet's make her spirit blest;
Aud while we have our father, boy,
Let's be our very best.
���Amos R. Wells
Agents for Chevrolet,--Dodge, Hudson,
Chalmers". Cadillac, cars, -Garage- in
Nicely furnished rooms,-by the
day; week or month'
F. Nilsdn
V - 616 Vernon St.. Nelson      ;.
;Brick"buiIdiiig and finely furnished rooms
JOHN BLOMBERG V -   -   Proprietor
[4c *fr Ac 4c 4,.,I*J.4,'4�� >r 4�� ���&' ��4�� ��fc'
��������; =;:.:���
"r. -- =.-".' .> . ���' "-.".'
'4��.v/-'.���,       v ';"' VVV\"
Jk n.LOAT is nota periodic-
.-.'."'.'   al.    It.is a bookcori-
taining 86, illustrations, all
told, .and is .filled /.with
sketches and stories; of
western life.-. .It.' tells -h6wVi$��
T/a. gambler cashed in after ;-'^
���j* the flush, days of Sandon ;: T
<���� how it rained in: New Den- T
jt�� ver long, after .Noah -was
j. dead; how a parson.took a
.y drink  at Bear   Lake   in
early days; how justice,
was dealt in Eastern;."93;
how the saloon man. oust
prayed the women in Kalamazoo,, and graphically depicts the roamings of a ^
western- editor/among the a
tender-feetin.the cent. belt. T
��j�� It contains the early history *
<fy of Kelson and a romance 4*
���^ of the Silver King mine. ��$"
v In it are printed three ��$���
^ western poems, and dozens j,
^ of articles too numerous T
^ to mention. Send for one ***
T before it is too late. The 4��
4* price is 50 cents, post- 4"
��gi paid to any part of   the <����
ters to
Address  all   iefe-
/The Ledge *
V-GEEENW06bs::B./C. v;^,
. , yx^yMW- V7/--%
*le'.4��'4l*."f"!f,-.,f'. *f* *f*.*f?l>$; ���!* *l*' e
jKOJDTENA^RARit' E- ANBi: /: j!/;V/>;
;V/VV ^^^EHTAL/C^I?m;
The Consolidated Mining & Smelting Co.
of Canada, Limited $
- Offices, Smelting and Refining Department
Purchasers of Gold, Silver,'Copper and Lead Ores
Producers   ot   Gold,    Silver,   Copper,   Bluestone,   Pig  Lead  and Zinc
MORAL���Be Careful with Fire
X*** l-**4'4'4'4'4'K'i��4'4'**4*4''fr4��4'**4��
hi   Auto Stage twice daily to Midway meeting Spokane, Grand
| Forks and Nelson train, leaving Greenwood at 8 a.m.
I    For Oroville, Wenatchee and Princeton leaves Greenwood, 3 p.m.
Fare $1.50 Each "Way.   .Hand Baggage Free. ..TrnnkB Carried.
Express and Heavy Drayine.        - Auto's for hire Day or Night
We carry Tires. Oils, Greases. Hay and Grain
Office Phone 13. _. Residence Phoiie 3 L
Cbc Bumc Rokl
nelson, B.C.
Syncpsis of
iani! :Acf ^manefmenfs
'Mlnlrnun *?pr1ce of flrst-class land
reduced to Jo an acre; second-claa* to
$2.50 an.acre. 7
���   Pre-emption   now   confined   to  surveyed lands only.   .-
* Records will be granted covering only
Jand suitable for agricultural purposes
, *nd which is non-timber land. -
.     Partnership-pre-emptions abolished,
Jiut.parties or not more than four may '
arrange    for    adjacent    pre-emptions
���with Joint, residence, but-each making
necessary improvements on respective
.claims. " ��  . 7 .    ���....-
-     Pre-omptbrs musv occupy claims for'
Sv�� years and mak��. Improvements to
value of $io per acre, Including; clearing and cultivation of at least 5 acres,
before receiving-Crown Grant.'
Where pre-emptor in occupation not -
less than 8 years,--and has made proportionate-improvements, he may, b��-
-; cause of ilUhealth, .or other cause, be '
��� granted intermediate certificate of lm-
provement.and transfer his claim.
.-.   Records   without   permanent- residence may be issued; provided appll-
'S?,?* makes improvements to extent of 7
. ?JO0 per annum and records same each
; year... Failure to make-Improvements
or record  same  will' operate as  forfeiture.-.. ..Title cannot-'bo obtained inv:
i*/8.Ah?-n 6 yearH' and improvements
. of ,*10.00.-per sacre,   including 6 acres
cleared and cultivated,-and residence '
of at least 2 years are required. - ���
Pre-emptor  -holding   Crown   grant
-;.may record another pre-emption, if he
requires; land-'in conjunction with his
- aJm.' without-actual occupation, pro- .
vldeq   statutory.  Improvements .made
and,; residence  maintained   on'Crown'-
. grantea..land/,. A
- ; Unsurveyed areas, not exceeding 20 ���
f��u8;��� ?"ay�� tbt>, ^Jd as homesltes; .
iiiiti1^ b8.��b,taine0 after fulfilling resi-
S11*1 and- 'Mprovement conditions,    -'
. ���; ��� For. grazing and Industrial purposes
areas   exceeding 7640... acres7- may   be
leaded by, one person or company.     ���
��� f'ii?h��; ,faciory '.or industrial.aites W
. timber land   not. exceeding   40  acres -
may. be. purchased; conditions Include '
payment of stumpage. - .-     "    ?.ncl��a6 ,
hJW--tV;i^1  h*y jneadows. inaccessible;
r^.'rti? AUn,s TQ&^ m&y ��>e. purchased -'
conditional upon construction of a road
to them.   Rebate of one-half of cost of
road, not exceeding half of purchase
price, la made.-. f~ y.:.    ���-
~. ,  .ACT.1' '
in^^-800*?0 of thlg -fot ����' ���barged, to
Include all. persons. Jo ning and serving wlth^ His . Majesty's; J&rce? Thl
������� w'tWn which the heirs or divl^J
Of. a doceaacd pre-emptor may annlv
for title under, this Act UTextenied
from for one yew from the dektSrcS '
such person, as-formerly., until on*
mr after the conclusion of-the present
trosctlve. -���..������ -i ������   .       .   ;
A,H��J??a "i*""* to-Pre-emptions.are
due or payable V soldiers ��n Dre-
emptions recorded after June 26. Isig
Taxes are remitted for five yeire
rProvision for return bf. moneys :ac-
��d, due and been paid since-August-
l��14. on account.of payments   fee*
"t��M -������ a soldiers' prJ-^tKSk
interest on agreementsr to purchase
Allied Forces,, or dependents. .acauLed
direct or tndireotj T*mltt*Tir$m\��
lUtment to March ��3, 18J0.��
PiOTlsSon made for t��uanc* of
Crown grants to sub-purchasers of
Crown Lands, aajuirln* rizhts from
S>urchafiers who failed to complete
jurchAse. larolvUig forfeiture, on fol-
nilment of conditions of purohMe  S.
. era do nvt cUla whole of origfrnsiS?.
���. c��l,.;PBrol!M<j price due'and-Usee ��5s
b* dlstributoS .. proportloMS^r:-^
���whole  utm.   .. A|>plW��on�� laust Jhs
���via������.hx. tor. vnMjr^-"'    y? -;������*,:
Physician and Surgeon
Hospital Phone 90. - Residence.Phone 69
nL.^1' ^IDDOWSOW, Assayer and
Chemist, Box B1108, Nelson, B. C.
Charges:���Gold, Silver, Copper or Lead
fi.zS each. Gold-Silver t.1.75. Gold-
Silver with-Copper or Lead fe.oo. Sil-
ver-I^ad $2.00. Silver-Lead-Zine $3.00.
Charges for other metals, etc., on application. I .������������ -r
All   the   latest, methods  in   high-class
'   ��� "��� -       ���       Dentistry.,
Comer Abbott & Hastings Streets.
VANCOUVER.   -   -   -  B.C.
A. higginbothaM
(Expert Optician)
K. W. C Block       ���      -     Nelson
Dealer in Second-hand Furniture
and Clothes; Metals, Sacks,
-  .. .. Horses, . Cattle, Etc.    ,
��� VWhen ,you puy of- jour, home 25
merchants^ you are helping -the B
town and thereby sharing in the B
profits of your own purchase.
The only up/to/date Hotel in the interior.
_       ���������- in eve.fy"i,espect,
Hot and Gold Water; Steam Heat and Telephone in
each room.. ���,;.',.���
First Class Cafe and Barber Shop
���        Steam Heated; Electric Lighted.
RATES $1.00 per day aud up; European Plan.
Bus Meets all Trains and Boats.
*t+*+4"f*f���I*4*4*f**f4.4*.af*-*l* 44��f4>f*��f44'4X
^mmmmmmmm mmmmmtnmmmmmmmmmms
IFor ^     r
���^  St
���Economy and Satisfaction '3 t
combined with Promptness % \
are the features which go to %{
makeup the Service we give 2'|
our customers. Are you |
one of them?
=3 ;������
Letterheads, Noteheads,
(Ruled or-Plain)      .
Envelopes, Billheads,
(All Sizes)
- }
Statements, Business Cards, %
Posters, Dodgers, Etc., Etc. H
.PHONE 29       1
���GREENWOOD,     ; Job Printing r^parto
-.- - - arMlnir - Actf 1818,;- tat.. ayiit��n��.Ub
-���- ��ev.iopment of llveatock lndiistrrBro-, ���=
:������- lif hr Z���^* <3Jetnct�� and raa����.
; ftdailntatration   und��r' CommlMloSS-".'
Annual-grazing permits Usuad bu��d-:-
.,on numbers ranged: priority, for wjtib- :
- lished* - owners.,.-' Stock-ownw*' toar''' -
..form Association* for rang* numajBa^ "
.-ff.tftt   Free, o? pirtltUjr r��*,'p��ra��L V
i The flineral Province of Western Canada
'������   TO JEND OF-DECEMBER, 1920,/"''''.'��� V V- X.-[
Has prodncei3 Minersla ivalaed as follows: Placer 7Gold, 875,944,203; Lode
Gold, *102,753,823;8ilver, 863,668,284; Lead 846,637,221; Copper, $161,513.864-
Zinc, 819,896,466; Coal and Coke, $212,573,492; Boilding Stone, Brick. Cement,'
etc.; 832,168,217; Miscellaneous Minerals, eSc.,: $1,037,408; making its Mineral
Production to the end of 1929 show an.
Aggregate Valne of $706,192,978
Production for Year Ending December, 1920, $35,543,08
-The Mining Laws of this Province are more liberal and the fees lower
than those of any other Province in the Dominion, or any colony in the British
X'XX' .'���'     V Mineral Iqcatloas are granted to discoverers for nomiaal fees.  :   -> -   . .
-y-:? ':;::V^k^^bsolate;;.^aM>r0;:;obtaine<l" bj"developing;such properties,:the Becarit^V :?' ?"���������."���-'
' 'VVVP^fcich'isgnarant^^ '':XX^X-yX^X:X V- y-::'-X\X^:X .��� '''��� ':i:
y- V   Xr- -'^!l Momattpn;:.togellier. with ���mining^ Seports and "Maps, may be obtained---V   ' V-
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