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Okanagan Commoner Jul 18, 1918

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 IY.  ARMSTRONG,  B. C.  ktt-ttit  ENDERBY,  B. C.  IN WHICH IS MERGED THE ENDERBY PRESS AND ARMSTRONG ADVERTISER.  -V'  VOL XV., No. 28, Whole No. 750  ARMSTRONG. B.C.. THURSDAY, JULY 18TH, 1918  SubscriDlion. $2.00 per vear: 5c tlie coov  ii  r  i.  Municipal Council  Holds Business Session  The regular meeting of tile past week, and each day since  Municipal Council was held in the start was made has seen the  the. Municipal Hall, July 13th; number of crates increase. On  present Reeve Keary and Coun-1 Tuesday seven large baggage  cillors Hasscn, Henson and trucks were loaded in the ex-  Dodds. [press room at thc station.   The  A communication from Supt.' express staff has been increased  McNab, of the C. P. R., re copy to handle the fruit" and vegc-  of plan of the L A A Crossing-j tables, but even with this 111-  was received and the dork was crease the force is inadequate  instructed, to take U'e matter up to  handle   thc  additional  busi-  ARMSTRONG RED CROSS  Following  is  a  of  the  June  copy  quarterly   report    endin  30th:  Balance on hand Mar. 31  .. .$34.46  Collections    ... ........ .339.40  Donations    549.06  Teas    ' 17.55  CANADIAN PATRIOTIC FUND  Total   received    S940.47  Expended for material  ....$601.55  Prisoners of war       50.00  1st  with our solicitor.  A   communication   from   lhc  city solicitor with copy of letter  ness.  Shipments    this    week   have  consisted chiefly of soft fruits,  from Inspector of ,Municipali-( celery, lettuce and vegetable  tics dealing with roads in Dom- marrows. Thc opening price  inion Lands was received and for celery was 9 cents a pound  filed. to thc cgrowers���������������������������$180 per ton.  A communication was re- And the growers arc all Chinese  ceived from thc the Okanagan J���������������������������who have virtually captured  Telephone Company asking per- the celery market, only one or  mission to connect up the Ad- two whitcmen making any ef-  ventist flats with their system, fort to grow celery in competi-  The  request   was   granted   and,tion with them.   The early pro-  Total    8651.55  Balance on hand, .Tne 30  ..$288.92  Shipped   to   headquarters,-   Vancouver:  Day   sheets       67  Stockings    208  Pyjamas       Pairs   sock5      Quilts      Pillow   cases       Pillows      Stretcher caps      Property   bags      Handkerchiefs  Old Flannel, bundles  .109  .315  5  . 14  .   14  !~9  .  26  13  Armstrong Branch  Financial statement, Jan.  to June 30th, 1918.  To balance on hand    $    7.12  To 1917 subscriptions     90.50  To   1918  subscriptions      222.95  To proceeds concert       29.25  To commission Victorv Loan 100.00  To  Municipal  Grant *    333.32  To City Grant     240.00  Potato Regulations  Issued t>y Government  81,023.14  Remitted to Victoria $1,000  Balance  23.14  81023.14  sol-  lst  $5384.70  Old   linen,   bundles  '....,      -  Total  number articles   .,. .  .840  Mr. Dobie was requested to send  n sketch plan of the line to the  clerk.  Inspector of Indian Reserves  McGraw complained about hogs  ^mining at large c^n the Salmon River Indian Reserve. Thc  clerk was instructed to write to  Mr. McGraw .that wc havc no  by-law allowing cattle to run at  large, also that thc" council wish  to draw your attention to the  fact that thc Provincial Government law docs not allow hogs  to run at large anywhere. .  The matter of weed inspectors was left for thc councillor  for, each ward to report to the  clerk, and the matter of poll tax  collector was left 'with councillor Dodds.      '���������������������������>  Loan By-law 216 was finally,  passed.        V ,,   ���������������������������" "-'     ������������������,   T  Thc L & A Road By-law, the  License Bvlaw Nov 217 and Rate  By-la'W-No. 213������������������������������������wcre f drily  passed.     -. -   T  Reeve Kcary reported on Ihe  Fowler-Burton .road..which was  agreed to;dhc~road to bc opened  up on ,thc section line, and ,on  lhc proposition made by Messrs.  Fowler and -Burton. .    -   -,,  Il was ordered lhat thc Reeve  and clerk, should take up the  mailer of the Pringlc fence witli  the municipal solicitor.  Thc following accounts were  ordered paid:  duct is of firm quality but is not  thc finished product such as  that which won for Armstrong  that enviable reputation as a  celery-growing district in every  Canadian market. Undoubtedly  the later shipments will show a  better quality, bolh as lo size  and flavor.  Cherny shipments this season  have been, thc .heaviest for  years, and thc quality is excellent. Strawberries are now just  finishing up, and rasps are now  plentiful. Black currents arc  plentiful, ancl the demand is  heavy.  FOR BOYS AND GIRLS  School   Salaries' ...   $570.50  School   Accounts   ..   ���������������������������   68.95  Citv  Fees         301.50  JR.   Mellish            37.50  H. Hallam      _   45.18  E. Hallam            40.00  P.   Potlacher            30.00  Ed   Kei swig            61.12  J. W.  Cross              3.50  o ���������������������������    i.j 111 V     ���������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������   <������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������       21.00  A.   Evans   ......     10.50  Treasurer   . ."         11.40  A.  T.   Pyott           24.50  S.'- Gorle    ���������������������������.       35.00  F.  Marshal)            10.50  f7. Young,  Sr   ...:-..-  16.50  AV. T.  Havhurst           42.00  Pan   Martin      ....:.    35.00  AV.  T.  Hayhurst           39.35  A Clinton    ?'. .          7.00  J.   C.   Grinton   .... ...       56.00  C. Pritchard V  .9      31.50  JR.   Hunter      ;        3 50  13.  Elliot           10.50  R.   Beattie            10.50  Ed Patten              3.50  1-and & Agr. Co         75.00  JR. Beattie             2.50  V. Kitchen              4.00  R. Beattie            14.00  Ed   Patten             14.00  J.  Palziel              1.75  R. Beattie              8.75  AV    ITorrex    . . . .        10.50  G.   Patchett    ;         24.00        15.75  F.   Ecduc              5.25  H.  Swanson. Jr         10.50,  P. Swanson              1.75  JM.   DcRenzv -         10.50        17.50  N. Perry . . .  R. La una way  ,r. Piltman . .  A. .1. Noble .  Mrs.   F.   Shaw  8.75  3.50  10.50  3.50  3.50  Competitions for the 1918 Arm-  ...    ' strong" Fall Fair. ,\J .  th . ��������������������������� ���������������������������. :_ .. . v -V -,  ;., Through, .the...action -elVythe  Minister of Agriculture, the  Hon. T. A. Crcrar,. arrangements have again been madc.lo  have the Canadian Bankers'  Association co-operate, wilh, lhc  Department of ' Agriclulurc in  providing a liberal sum of  money to bc offered in prizes  for calves and pigs exhibited by  hoys or girls under 17 ycars of  age. These .competitions arc  known as lhc "Canadian jankers Competition", and arc  linked iip with the activities of  thc lave Stock Branch of the  Dominion Pepartment of Agriculture." -They represent an effort- to increase interest in live  stock, ancl constitute a part of  the active campaign for more  and better slock inaugurated  anct carried on by that department. The generous support  according to the movement by  Canadian Pankcrs' Association,  affords a practical demonstration of the attitude of the hanks  towards the live stock industry,  and the active participation of  thc association in this campaign  is-boimd-to-strcngthcn=ancl=erc--  ate general interest in farm live  stock.  A Canadian Bankers' competition will be held at a large  number of shows this year, and  boys, ancl girls should lose no  time in finding out all ahout  them. The cahes and pigs  must he fed at least six weeks  bythc boys and girls who exhibit them, so that it is very important to act promptly in securing a copy of thc rules and  other information.  Full information regarding  the Competition can hc obtained  from thc manager of any branch  hank in thc locality where a fair  is held, and from"' Mat Hasscn,  i^jISec'y. Armstrong Fall Fair.  On July 10th the regular  monthly shipment was sent oul,  consisting of: Day sheets, 29;  stockings; 70 pyjamas, 40; prs.  of socks, 110; pillow cases, 30;  stretcher caps, 3; property bags,  35; handkerchiefs, 61; pillows,  24; odd pants, 2; old flannel, 1  bundle; old linen, 1 bundle.  It is  expected  lhat  the  monthly, business  meeting  tea will he held on a lawn,  announcement  ncxt  week.  Service at the Front  next  ancl  Full  Dr. George Dyson, who has  just completed a lengthy tour of  the West Indies and Canada as  an examiner for the *��������������������������� Royal  Academy of Music of London,  lias been spending a ������������������few days  at Rockwood Ranch, Armstrong, previous to his return to  England. Mr. Dyson was, before the war. on the staff of the  Royal.Naval College. Osborne,  then���������������������������at Marlborough College,  and later al Rugby School. -He  joined the Middlesex Regiment  on Ihcoutbreak of lhe war, and  aflcrwarcls held a commission in  the Royal Fusilcers,1 with whom  he served in France. Dr. Dyson  specialized in hand bombing  and grcnadesancl wrote a training manual, which has becn circulated in England ancl the U.  S. He was discharged from thc  army after serving two and a  half'ycars. Mrs. Dyson is a  cousin of Mrs. JPetar, of Jflock-  woocl, and would have accompanied Mv. Pyson to Canada hut  for the exigencies of the war.  Mrs. Pyson lias-accomplished a  task which is almost unique.  She took the place of a brother  and partner in her father's.firm  of solicitors, studying ancl qualifying as a lawyer, and is now  one of a smaJt band of five JEng-  Jishwomcn who are doing thc  work of practising solicitors in  order to fill the gaps and keep  together the business of men  ,wJio early in the war joined thc  army.  ==-Pr?=Pyson-Jef-t-on^Pucsday=fois-  Toronto and New York, hoping  to reach England about the first  of August. He was greatly impressed wilh B. C. and hopes to  return at a later date with his  wife.  To amount disbursed to  diers' dependents Jan.  to June 30th      Subscribers lo the above fund  are requested to pay their subscriptions to the fund as early as  possible.  AV. H. Keahv, President: E.  Groves, Hon. Sec'y; J. M. Whight,  Hon. Treasurer.  Enderby Military Y.M.C.A.  Received "by treasurer since last  acknowledgment:  Mrs.   IB.   Strickland    .$8.00  Anon vinous   . . . .���������������������������   32.00  J.   Tomkinson         2 00  IT.   Bush         8.00  Mrs. A. Faulkner        2.00  E. ,J. Oakes         5.00  Miss P. B. Faulkner    15.00  J. H. Teece         4.00  H.  Hendrickson      . . .    6.00  C.  B. Winter      . . .     6.00  H.  E. Mowat      . ..    3.00  F.  A: Adams      . ..     2.00  Miss F.'C. Mowat     .. .    3.00  Di  ������������������������������������������������������ If. AV. Keith  ........  ...    2.50  Mrs. R. Carson      ...     1.00  \V  . J   Fenton     . . .     4.00  A.  Reeves      . ..  20.00  F.  ,H.   Dill    :  ...   13.75  Mi  \ and  Mrs. Butchart  ..  ...     1.50  S.  F.  Hartrv , -  ...  11.00  H  : Bvrues     '. . . .  ...   10.00  Geo   Folkard1'   . . .    5.00  Mrs.   S.   Nirl-iol       . . .    3.00  H.  Sl\  Twigg      ...  10.00  T.  A.  Sharpe      .. .    5.00  Mi  ���������������������������s. AA7. L. Peacock   . ..    5.00  R.  J.   Coltart       ...    5.00  R.  ,E. ST.  Forster      . . .    2.00  E.  B. Pill      ..: io.oo  Mi  ���������������������������I  J.  Nichol      . ..    5.00  Rupert-*Paw '   ...  10.00  G:  ��������������������������� Butterworth   .".'".".  :.: "5:00  J.  -Monk, collector  for Grind-  .  rod     J. ..... .  . ..  41.00  A  Tomkinson       ...'    5.00  A.  E.  Havhurst   . O   . . .     5.00  R.  H. Stowards  .V ..... .  . . .     2.00  Ei  iderbv  Trench  Comfort  ..   50.00  T.  E. French      . . .     5.00  N  E.   Landon,   . . .     6.00  Mi  \s.  J." Lucas      . . .   ~2.00  H  E. AVabv      . . .     2.00  Mi  ���������������������������s. E. W. Tompkins   . . .  . . .    4.00  Mrs. E.  McPhcrson      . ..     1.00  A.  P. Stroulger     . ..   12.50  G.  oE. McMahon     . . .     2.00  Di  . K. C. McPonald     . . .    5.00  Mi  ���������������������������s.   Avery      O                                  3  . . -.    2.00  .  .$381.25  :  'Eiirn   and  Give" Fund-  Rov   Strickland       . ..  10.00  Lo  rne   {landon   . ..   10.00  $20.00  Total   amount   forwarded  to  head-  ciuarters on the 1918 cam  paign    ."   .8580.95  p. J.  Welsh,   Treasurer.  JEnderby "patriotic -Fund  The treasurer of the Canadian  Patriotic Fund, Enderby branch,  acknowledges tho following contributions since publication of the  last  list:  If. E. AVabv   ., : $ 2.00  Mrs._R. -Stoddard   1.00.  ~tfrs7~H.  Marshall        2.0(T  Miss   S.   Cooke        5.00  Miss   E.   Cooke        3 00  \.   Reeves        2 00  Mrs.    Reeves          2 00  Miss Eaing      1 00  The Government Inspection  and Sale Act is amended by inserting the following section  immediately after section 337:  "337A. (1) No person shall sell  or offer for sale any potatoes* represented to be���������������������������  Number 1���������������������������(a) quality unless  such potatoes consist of specimens  which are sound, of similar varietal characteristics, which are practically free, from dirt, or other  foreign matter, frost injury, sunburn, second growth, cuts, scab,  blight, dry rot and damage caused  by disease, insects or mechanical  means. The minimum diameter of  potatoes of the round varieties  shall be one and seven-eighths  inches, and of potatoes of the long  varieties one and three-fourth?  inches. In order to allow for variations incident to commercial grading and handling, five per centum  by weight of any lot may be under  the prescribed size and. in addition, three per centum by weiaht  of anv such lot may be below the  remaining requirements- of this  grade.  Number 2���������������������������(b) quality, unless  such potatoes consist of specimens  which are sound and practically  free from dirt or other foreign  matter, frost -injury, sunburn, second growth, cuts, scab, blight dry  rot and damage caused by disease,  insects or mechanical means. The  minimum diameter of potatoes of  the round varieties shall be one and  seven-eighths inches, and of potatoes of the long varieties one and  three-fourths inchesr In order to  allow for validations, inciddnt to  commercial erarlrng and handling,  five per centum by weight of any  lot may be under the prescribed  size- arid, -in addition, three per  centum by . wei'ght of any such  lot may be below the remaining  rconiremen'ts of this grade.  (2) This'scction shall'not apply  to seed' potatoes.  ((3) -"Practically frcef means  that the ��������������������������� appearance shall not be  injured ���������������������������-to any extent readily apparent" uipon.��������������������������� casunl^.examination,  and that 'damage from Hie causes  aforesaid can be removed by the  ordinary processes of paring without, a on re ci able increase in waste  over that which would occur if "the  potato were perfect. Loss- of the  outer .skin (epidermis)' onlv shall  not be considered as an injur-*y to  the appearance. ""    ,  "Diameter" means the greatest-  dimension at.right angles to thc  lonuitudina] axis.  ("-!)    Every -person who, by himself or through thc agency of anv  other   person,   violates   any   provision of this section shall, be liable/  upon summary conviction,  for thc  first offence, to a  fine not  exceeding-."^ and not less lhan $10: aiid  for  thc   second   offence,  to   a  not   exceeding   $50,   and   not  than   $25:   and   for  the   third  each  subseouent offence, to a  not .exceeding   $200   and   not  than   $50,    togelher,    in   all   cases,  with thc costs of prosecution: and  ih'dcfault of payment of such fine  and   costs   shall   be   liable   to   imprisonment   for  anv  term   not  exceeding   one. month,   unless   such  fine and costs, and the costs of enforcing them, are sooner paid.  tered nerves. , Ali Enderby  friends are delighted to see Sgt.  Warwick looking so well, after  sufTering the -;harrowing experiences of battle wounds,  trench fever, and the nerve  breaking Hun bombardments.  "Jack" says that the least one  can say of his war experiences  the better. They were too awful  to- be repeated, and words' cannot convey any adequate^undcr-  of the real conditions.  standing  Mickey's News  Having  met and defeated all  thc opposition, to bc offered,  Enderby Intermediates feel justified in* claiming the Intermediate championship of the Okanagan Valley.  To keep the skecters from  coming in the house "when) you  go in. leave the. door open, go  back fifty yards and run away  from them.       ���������������������������    -       -  Thc guy that invents stinglcss  mosquitoes will have to pay a  bigger income tax than John D.  Rockefeller. '   ?  After outsprinting Ty Cobb <o  catch the train, it would bo  Hades to hear "Where is your  registration card?" when you  had left it dn the ItuTeau at  home. &  As a hobo-chaser, Constable  Bob is prcttv classy, but.when a-  horde of the little Black Devils-  (hot thc 90th of Winnipeg) invaded our town, Bob walked  right up to them, said, "Move  on" ancl did it himself...  I haven't surrendered, but "I  am going to beat a strategic retreat before the enemy. Guid  nicht!    Mickey.  .";-; :V   " /  ���������������������������ft-'J&si.  "They Had to   fee"  fine  less  a n d  fine  iless  "In a recent'issue of llie Mcgiha  Doily  Posl^Miss .Mary P.rMc-  Cnlhmn1* daughter  of*-Mr.   ahd  editorial  representative  of   the  Mrs.' McCallum   of . Armslrong,  editorial representative   of  the  Grain Growers' Guide, .was .interviewed on /the conditions of  the farmers as shc found them  in her travels about the North-  ���������������������������west.    Miss McCallum branded  in thc language of her sex, the  subterfuge which many ^people  cherish that the fartners of the  west arc I'olling in wealth.S  Discussing farming condi-,  tions as she found them. M*ss  McCallum said: "I would like Jo  emphasize tlie effects of farm'  conditions on the women They  are worn and old before their  time. In many cases I saw women struggling against pioneer  conditions, poor crops, drought,  elc. who were utterly discouraged.  "One woman told mc she was  ���������������������������only���������������������������f or t\-f o t '��������������������������� t-a nd=she^lookech  all of sixty.   They came to this  wilh very little money  few  months  ago.   but  has  nol|������������������n<l  wcre  consequently   unable  been permitted to leave the sol-Ho lake up thc high-priced land.  flOME FtfOM FflANCJS  Sergt. Jno.War,wick returned  to his Enderby home this week,  a f tcrHfnf'a bsc n cc^o f^th r cTryeaTs  in France. Sergt. Warwick returned to British Columbia a |country  ago.  diet's hospitals al Victoria and  s18.00 Vancouver  owing   to  his  shat  AV.   Duncan          M.00  13. \V. Hopkins . ... . .    10.50  H.  Perry  20.00  25.00  100.00"  15.65  66.GG  8.33  8.33  20.00  Miss Schon. .'. .  L. E. Parr .....  V. A. Clavton .  J. M. Wright P F  IT. C. Armstrong  Mrs. Freeman . .  L.  Farr   . ....:.,  M. Hassen     12.00  H.   Somers   . . . . .. .     12.00  Ok. Telephone Co.        20.35  McPhail-Smilh       -1.65  D. C.  Leary   ... :������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������-..     16.00  McLachlan   Bros.   .;       3.55  T. K. Smith        15.24  Crerear   323.50  Perry  .. .. .. . .'. ....... .     27.65  Big Money for Growers  A RECORD YEAR  J.  R.  The  season's  first  shipments  of   celery   left    Armstrong   the  No less than .$12,031.80 has  been paid in current taxes  and water rates by the ratepayers of Enderby since the  1st of June���������������������������say $2,000 a  week for six weeks���������������������������not a  bad showing. Indeed, this  has been the record year.  At no time since incorporation has so large a percentage of the property taxes  been paid at this time. This  does not look like hard times  ���������������������������in fact, it "is evidence of an  increased prosperity.  Military Execution  An alleged German pillager being executed hy thc French in Eastern France,  maintained in such cases as lhis, therefore details arc unobtainable.  Strict secrecy is  was  then  their  case,  lo 12  held by speculators, near lhc  railways and markets. They  homcslcadcd in Northern Manitoba in a heavily wooded districl. Thc first three ycars their  land was under water. When  government ditches were put  through and the land  drained they were onlv  able to do anything wilh  land.  "There was a typical  When one gels from 10  miles from a railroad pioneer  conditions largely prevail, if the  land worlh farming, within ten  miles of the railroads were open  lo settlement on easy terms,  there would bc little excuse for  the deplorable hardship and  dire poverty which many of  Ihosc experience ��������������������������� on thc Canadian frontiers; thc only place  where cheap land is available.  "Onc locality I visited was  forty miles from a doctor,  or a nurse, and in some cases  without lhc kindly help of a  neighbor. There were no telephones, and the roads, although  graded, were very poor. Thev  staled lhat even had lhcy been  willing to havc a doctor  Could not have afforded it.  thc whole thev were a  hcnllhy lot; but, as thev  "Thev had to he.''  Ihcv  On  very-  said:  e  a     9-  5 '-       -* I  ��������������������������� . i-     ���������������������������        ��������������������������� rj���������������������������'-Y I  /_"-    ,���������������������������,-  - ~-Sf,i ,  s; s 'sTA  .Ir.   zSk s  OKANAGAN   COMMONER  THURSDAY, JULY 13', 1918.  Isgsf  -*|l'  .EATS  DIRT  ^First Steps in theWay  of Active Co-Operation  'Tactful and Certain'  Toac������������������to c*'-  MADE     IN  CANADA'  '���������������������������������������������  GI LLETT'S  LYE  CLEANS-DISINFECTS���������������������������USED FOR  SOFTENING WATER���������������������������FOR MAKING  HARD AND SOFT SOAP jFUU  DIRECTIONS WITH EACH CAN."  I SUNSHINE SERMONS  j Cttwrful Gatdanca to ��������������������������� Happier. H���������������������������trhtr Lite  By th* PhU<MK>plt������������������r-Phyalclaa  i GEORGE F. BUTLER, A. M., M. IX  De net ������������������ak for ��������������������������� new mmmX, but  play  the  fl������������������m* with   the  cards  given you.    You were net \fm  te eelve the problem ef the unt>  veree, but te And eut what yeu  have to do and than de It with  alf    your    mleht,     becauee     It  aheuld   be  your  duty,  your enjoyment,  or the  very  neeeaelty  ef your being.   If yeu cannot de  all you  wlah, you  can  at  leaat  de your beat.    If you  have but  ene talent, you are  reapenalble  only for  Ita wlsa    employment.  Sooner or later,  conaeioualy  or  unconsciously, every   .embitleua  parson muat make a    more    er  leaa deliberate estimate   of   his  ability.    If your talents are far  below   the   maximum,   even   far  below what you had hoped and  believed, why should you  dissipate what you  have in attempting to be what you are not, and  In fretting  because you  cannot?  How   many   of   us   exhaust   ourselves, and wear out our friends,  by chafing against the chains of  the  unalterable,  by  compraining  of the cards that are dealt to us  In   the   game   of   life.     Play   the   i  game the best you know how to  play it.    Give your life, your en-  j  ergy,  your  enthusiasm     to    the  game.     Remember, ^the   highest  success     is     not    living-making,  money-making,      nor     fame-making,   but  character  making."   It  is the way you  plby the  game!  To   play  the   game   right   is   to  play   it   "square."   *|t   means  to  drop   all   selfish,    low   methods  and  to  meet   the   real   situation  by ideal means.  Clarence Poc, writing in his  book on "How-Farmers Co-Op -  erate and Double Profits," says  the. first thing to do in getting  business co-operation started in  any community is lo get thc  neighborhood waked up. And,  savs he, the best way, to get it  waked up is to organize a farmers' club and a club of farm  women.  "Don't organize," he says,  "merely because all other classes  are organised and farmers  ought to be, but organize for  business���������������������������determined to do  something.  "In order to get a club started  "A lesson in community ad-  | vcrtising that Southern California ought to heed," is what'the  [rural school district of a rural I-os Angeles Examiner calls the  township boast of having the campaign for Washington, Or-  best  roads   in   the  countrv.  or I egonyand British Columbia that  '  the best school, or the best  school library, or the' biggest  corn club, or the greatest number of painted houses, or the  best fanners' club, or the most  houses with waterworks, or the  most silos, or the  tercd cattle, or the  tive social life���������������������������which is to say,  the most neighborly people?  Why shouldn't they be ready to  come together in a public meeting to take action about any  plan affecting the people., of the  neighborhood? Why shouldn't  the leader should first try to in-j the local farmers' club be a.s act-  terest a half dozen neighbors, j ive in promoting every idea for  or as many as hc can, and try to j the upbuilding of the coinmun-  get the biggest crowd possible jity as the city chamber of com-  in starting^ Have a speaker or! mciVc is in promoting every  organizer  the  this  the  idea  for the upbuilding of  city in which it is located?  "We believe, in fact, that  should be a main purpose ol  local club, and to this end we  would suggest that the regular  program be sidetracked at any  thc j time in-order to have the mem-  fa rmcrs of your state have, So-j bcrs discuss and act upon any  cicty     of    Equity,    Union     or(matter of neighborhood better-  Grange, as thc case may be. in i ment-    Furthermore, wc would  some'states there is nothing but,suggest that there bc a .special  thc Union, in others nothing buti committee   to   look  after  each  thc Grange, and so on. ! leading   subject   affecting    lhc  "Then   having  brought  your hfc of thc community."  farmer neighbors or your neigh-  fro m a distance if  possible���������������������������not a mere cxhotcr,  but a man who will give practical suggestions for making the  club a power in tbe community.  We would also suggest that you  link up your club with whatever   general   organization  the Pacific Northwest Tourist  Association is carrying on in  Eastern newspapers this summer with money appropriated  by the legislatures of the Province and the two States. The  rno^t regis- Examiner in a quarter-page edi-  most attrac- torial exhorts Californians to do  likewise.  "The advertising is tactful  and Certain to be result-producing," declares the Examiner.  "It follows the line of least resistance by very properly calling  attention to its acknowledged!}'  great war work and then referring incidentally to its attractions to the Americans and Canadians who need recuperation  from the fatigues incident to the  stress of the world crisis.  "This is a distinct lesson to  Southern California. It also is  doing its share to help win tlie'  war, through bond-buying, Red'  Cross giving, through shipbuilding, through great productions  of grain, hay. fruit and vegetables. And likewise, Southern  California furnishes an appropriate resting place for the tired,  to thc end that they may, rcin-  vigorated, continue their labors  for thc common good."  Maclachlan Hardware  Co.  ARMSTRONG, B.C. PHONE   47  ���������������������������ii  E~Z Seal Jars  These jars are fast becoming  the market. No metal  comes  the  fruit,   nothing but   glass. VE  in  -Z  open,  Pints  a   child  per doz,  most popular on  contact with  the  to    seal,  E���������������������������Z   to  can operate this wire snap fastener.  $1.50 Quarts per  doz^ $1.75 Half  per  doz. $2.50  gal.  Aluminum Preserving Kettles  $2.85,  4.00,   and 4.50  each  Enamel Preserving Kettles  70c,  95c,  and  $2.35  each    .  (Copyright,   1910,   bv  W.   G.   Chapman.)  (j Canada  5 ���������������������������  >0'0  Food Board  ���������������������������No. 8-6337  License |)  |       Lime  Juice       (j  0  S  Montsorrat- pi  ir   bofctlo 60c  .   and $1.00  0  bor  women   into   Hie  organization, the next thing to do is to  make your meetings interesting.  If the secretary simply calls the  roll,   read   thc   minutes  of   Hie  last meeting, and thc president  merely puts through thc formal  'Order  of Business,'  your club  will soon starve to death.    The!  writer  now   belongs   to   a   live, j  active,   useful   local   union   of  sevenly-five   members,   and  we  arc confident  il  would  not be  hall' so strong it* it were not that  I'or two ycars past it had a fixed  program for each mccling, with;  one  or   two   speakers  assigned |rc/^C(|  lo each subject and given sufficient  advance' notice to  enable  them    to    prepare    themselves  properly.  "Another excellent idea is lo  havc a.'Roll-call of Opinions', at  each meeting. After the regular; speakers have expressed  themselves on thc subjects assigned for discussion', call on  each member present to give his  "opinion within"'a one, two, three  or five-mi mile" lime limit, as thc  circumstances may seem lo require.    In this way you will call  Uudaunted  Instruction in Citizenship  Wc were keenly interested in  reading.the othcr day thc report  of a statistical survey made by  the   Bureau   of   Municipal   Research  of  the  New  York  high  school-system  of civic  instruction,   because   the   conclusions,  published in bulletin "form, arc  corroborative  of our  own  criticisms of civic teaching,' or lack  of it, in Canadian schools, which  appeared   some   time   back   in  i these   columns.     In    the   New  York    schools    civics    is    not  is a specific subject, but  forms  part of history, and as,  according 'to   thc  survey,   only  eight  weeks  all   lold,  out of a  three   year   course   in   history,  i are  given   to   civic, instruction,  it stands "to reason tha I. the pupils  will   not  bc  very   far   advanced in  lhc fundamentals of  Government-when   Lhcir school  career is over! And what applies  lo New York is������������������crrually apnlic-  ablc to every province in  Can-  jada, so far a.s civic education is  'concerned.    In many schools in  ,'Canada thc time Given to civics  It is my good fortune to know  a purser whose ship was torpedoed in the Mediterranean.  After a few days in hospital he  signd up on a South African  steamer. Torpedoed again, and  escaping on driftwood lie signed  up for an Atlantic ship. Side by  side with him stood a man who  had gone down with thc Lusi-,  lania, and survived that scries  of murders. Asked how hc felt  after,the gun on the prow had  flung its hot*metal toward a periscope, he answered: "If they  torpedo this ship and . every  liner, I will take to a freighter;  and ifthcy torpedo every freighter, I will go on a fishing smack;  and if that goes down, I will  join onc of the little destroyers  yonder; for England shall be  fed, and my children shall not  wade through this blood and  muck."���������������������������Thc Sentinel.  Everything points to higher cost of fcoi be���������������������������provident and can your fruit and vegetables.  Reglllar Specials   Cement   coated    box  nails,    box.  batches,  hay forks, "scythes and snaths, machine oil, binder  twiue, rope,  wire cable, Standard  Cream  Separators, screen  doors and  windows,  and barb  wire.  Get our prices before buying  Are you g"oin  Building or  One foiv-the-Big-~Brother  Sockeye Salmon  Horse   Shoe   brand  i  i  i  5  5  per  Ensign  brand  Pink salmon  Pilchard  Fresh Herring   ,l  Herring in tomato  can    ,  per can  .:. 40c  can 3������������������5c  ' 25c  '��������������������������� ',35c  1 aoc  sauce per  ...   SOc  out thc quieter and 'less active |is nulch ]ess than in New York.  x|members    and., often    develop;.m(] in no scj100i curriculum i.s  (J!dualities      ol      leadership      mjcjvjcs treated a.s a real live sub-'  c J them   which   might   otherwise ic.ct.    As a matter of fact it is  | never  come   to  life-     And  just the least considered of all,'with  y l here it should always bcrcmem- thc^ result lhat when  the average boy leaves school  lo enter  the world, whatever knowledge  fl  Pieces  Sour per bottle      35c  Sweot and Chow   ...'.  <^-5c  Leave vour order for apricots  c   now.   Wo will fill  all   orders  c  0  fi  i  ox  in turn when fruit arrives.  Phone 48  Armstrong  4  J  bored lhat thc sort ol" leaders  wc need in every organization  arc. not those who wish to magnify their own importance and  demonstrate their own superior  abilities, but men with the truer  sort of leadership who will seek  out and develop all thc force  and power in othcr men, finding  more pleasure in developing  others than in exhibiting themselves.  "Since you worked your examples so nicely." said lhc  pretty teacher. "I shall give you  a kiss."."Teacher, I-didn'l know  there was to bc a reward," responded the honest urchin- "It's  only fair to tell you lhat my big  brother did them sums."���������������������������fAfc.  This Season ?  to do any  epairing*  THE FOLLOWING ARE GOOD VALUES:  Cull   Boards    ;.  No. 2 Dimension, 2x4 and  2x6  Green  Blocks      Dry Blocks     10.00 per thousand  15.00 per thousand  ..   $2.00 per load  ....$ 2.50  Planing Mill Wood          2.25  OKANAGAN SAW MILLS, Ltd. tnderb,  A New Missionary  Thc man who. assumes to bc  lhc farmer's friend, or holds his  interest dear,/will constitute  himself a missionary of lhc new  dispensation. ;Il is a contribution to thc welfare of humanily.  It will strengthen the pillars of  a Government that must otherwise . be endangered by some  popular upheaval when the JancJ a  can no longer sustain the popu- their Jot is cast  lation which ils bosom bears.  Here lies the true secret of oiir  anxious interest in agricultural  methods, because, in-The' end  they mean life or death to future millions., who arc not. invaders' or-strangers, but pur  own childern's children, .*. and  who will pass judgement -upon  us, according to what wc have  made of the world in which  -.Tunics J. r}\\\..  A  chief  object of your organization in every case must  be to make your  not a collection of individuals,  bul a real community���������������������������and  lhere^is=-indccd--n=grca ^distinction here. As Mr- George W.  Russell of the Irish Homslead  has well said, we havc had until  now  vjrtuallv   no   rural   'com  hc may have gained^ in othcr  subjects, hc knows little or nothing of thc meaning of Canadian citizenship. Ancl then we  wonder why there is so little intelligent interest taken in muni-  ���������������������������ipal affairs by the average ratepayer. No man can bc expected  to take an interest in any subject unless hc is informed on  the fundamentals at least, and  - : lo know irovcrnmcnt and its ad-  ncighborhood ministration does require much  study.���������������������������Canadian Municipal  Journal.  ^���������������������������:~x-:..:..:..:..:..>.:k~x������������������<k������������������������������������:"M'*:������������������*:~m*������������������x^  ?  %  !  %  %  *>  %  MAT. HASSEN  Auctioneer and Livestock  Salesman  ARMSTRONG       B. C.  ?  ?  t  y  ?  ?  f  v  v  v  V  f  *  ������������������  ���������������������������:������������������:-������������������������������������:k-:~:-:-:-:������������������:-:-:������������������������������������:~:~:-:-x.  1 li.'tvc a wide acr|uninlaucc  Jimonyst buyers. Consult me  wlien you want to hold a sale.  Als.o scud mc particulars of any  surplus slock you wisli to dispose  of.  PHONE.No. 34  Then  and  Now  "In the olden days a gen Helm an used lo call upon a lady  ���������������������������wilh much, formality ahd stately ceremon}'."  "Well?"  "Now he merely drives up and  honks i'or her to come oul."���������������������������  .Kansas City Star.  numitics.'    Wc  Nearly  havc had rural Soil boys arc  S. O. S. on Active Service  sections in which individuals  lived here and there; but wc  havc not had neighborhoods of  people bound together by common interests and common  ideals���������������������������a community, consciousness.  "Thc truth of this observation  must bc only too plain to all  thinking people. Consider the  cily nearest you, how its inhabitants boast of its growth in  population, in postoffice receipts, in bank deposits, in office  buildings! How Ihey brag of  its factories, industrial plants,  big stores; its schools, its parks,  its streets, its public buildings  ���������������������������or al least about each item in  which it makes a better showing  than ils nearest rival city! There  arc slogans,'.'Bigger,'. Busier,  Better Beantown,' Watch Joncs-  villc Grow,' or 'Boom town  Leads, Others Follow,' etc., that  flaunt themselves in colored  signs by day. flare forth in electric signs by night, or strut on  your cily friend's lapel vain-  gloriously as you talk with him.  "What wc need now is to develop a like community spirit in  our counlry districts. Why  should not thc people living in a  12.000 Soldiers of the  hard at work on  the farm already, helping in thc  campaign I'or greater war-time  production, in addition lo those  who arrange lhcir own employment-independent of thc S. O. S.  organization. These arc divided  as  follows:  British    Columbia.   660:    Alberla, 616; Saskatchewan. 1:405;  Manitoba. 1.006; Ontario. 4.621;  Quebec,   670;   New   Brunswick,!  677; Nova Scotia. 1.788; Prince |  Edward Island, 500- Reports in-}  dicatc  that   the  boys  are  thor  oughly enjoying farm work.  "Ring True  rog.  Don't bc what you ain'l.  Jcs' you bc what you is.  If you is not what you am,  Then you am not what you is.  If you're just a little tadpole,  Don't try to he a  If you'sc jes' thc tal  Don't try- to wag the dog.  Pass the plate  If you can't exhort an' preach;  If you'se jes' a little pebble,  Don't try to be the beach.  Don't  be-what you  ain't,  Jes' you bc what you is;  For the man who plays square  Is a  goin  to  gel  ins.  AWAJtps JN  Cowan's Picture Contest  fj j|^et u* congratulate the winners in the Cowan Picture Title Contest and say  ���������������������������"They are lucky", for the keen sense of humor and^ ready, wit of P. C,  residents brought forth such an avalanche of good answers that the judges  experienced great difficulty in making the awards.  ^JThe^following^a������������������iswer������������������-are^4ec|ar-ed^the^prize-winner.sJn_the '- =  PICTUW WW) CONTEST  FIRST PRIZE  "Shells may land or shells may not,  COWAN'S always hits the spot."  Won by Miss E. MacEACHERN,  i 180 Yates St.  Victoria.  SECONP |>R|ZE  "On Flanders Field when dreams come true,  And Mother's Chocolate Cake came through".  Won by Mrs. WALTER WINNING,  944 Hastings St. West, Vancouver.  FOURTH PRIZE  ���������������������������"'Urry up Bill, the 'ole blinkin' Army  has smclled Cowan's Supreme Chocolate".  Won by Miss KATHLEEN H. GALLEY,  2946 Quadra St., Victoria  THIRD PRIZE  "Stormed at with shot���������������������������and shell,  On Cowan's Chocolate (Cake) they f^f'.  Won by H. E. COOK, Nanaimo.  FIFTH PRIZE  "An Impending attack on COWAN'S".  Won by  Mrs. MARY OLGA PARK,  8246 George St. South, Vancouver.  fj Everybody can't be a winner but we appreciate your efforts never-the-less. As a token ot  recognition for your interest in this contest we will send you a beautifully illustrated Recipe  Book containing one hundred recipes for  COWAN'S SUPREME CHOCOLATE  (ALWAYS A WINNER)  Unsweetened���������������������������Unrivalled���������������������������Unbeaten.   Order a package to-day.  THE COWAN COMPANY LIMITED,       -       -       -       TORONTO. THURSDAY, JULY 1.8, 1918.  OKANAGAN   COMMONER  Twenty Per Cent Substitutes  amounts  stated  in   the  recipes  given below.  Strawberry Jam.���������������������������Slbs strawberries; 6 lbs sugar. Mix the  strawberries and sugar in a kcl-  lle and let them stand over  night- In the morning set lhe  kettle over thc fire on an asbestos mat and bring thc contents  slowly lo a boil. Bo nol stir the  fruit any morc Hum is absolutely necessary. Boil gently witbout  in producing a satisfactory loaf  and opportunity should bc taken  Canada's .new wheat crop will, io studv lhe effects of the dif-  i not reach the consuming public; Cerent methods of mixing, fcr-, -..    . -,..       n.  .   -.,     ., . ,  ['for three months al least and in'menling,  handling and "proof'-'sl���������������������������S  until  sufhcicntly   thick  ifthc meantime.this counlry will.ing" olVhe doughs.   As mosl of i.ind lhcn Vut llr awav In stcnIc  [be  very  short  of  wheat   (lour. I the wheal Hour substitutes ac-jJ{"������������������" .   T ��������������������������� ''     . , .  I: Canada  and  lhc  Uniled  Slates celcrate    the    fermenlalion,    il! .   ^ant Jelly.���������������������������4 _hs;   currant  '.have shipped as much wheat as will be heller nol lo work thc'lulc(c;. 3. ibs ?"Sin; J.������������������l1 lhe c"r"  possiblc to thc Allies, giving a dough as long as usual.    About ���������������������������nl i'u,lcc w,.lholut tIlci sug;!}"   .or  considerable share of our own fou* hours loV fermentation is abou   ten minutes   or until the  normal   supply   lo   help   carry sufficient in a room of modcr- (l������������������l,ntiiy is reduced     I cat  the  2 tablespoons whole clove. Peel  quarter and core the pears.  Make a syrup of vinegar and  s.ugar. Put spices and ginger  root in a cheesecloth bag and  boil in tlie syrup fcr ten min-  ules. Add thc pears and lemon  rind grated. Cook until the  pears arc soft. Remove pears  irom syrup and pack them in'  hoi jars. Boil thc syrup down.  When thick, add it lo the fruit  in the jars.    Seal while hot.       j  L them over until thc new harvest [nte temperature, divided as fol  I has conic onto thc market and .'lows:  ]vthe corner has becn turned. Thej . Two hours 45 minutes for the  sugar in lhc oven and add when  very hot to lhe' liquid, so that  thc temperature will not bc re  tcs for the,41110"! S^tjv- When dissovled  On thc first of July the Can  [i ada Food Board Order became  effective   requiring   all   public  bakeries and private households  I also, to use 10 per cent subsli  for, "proofing," when it is ready  for thc oven.  When corn meal, oat meal or  othcr meal is used the moisture  retaining qualities  of   the  loaf  When   cool,   seal  with   melted  parrafin.  Apple and Plum Jam.:���������������������������4 lbs.  crab apples; 4 lbs plums; 6 lbs  sugar.    Oil the crabapples into  lute flour. On the 15 of July the!may bc"improved  by  scalding Jfuarlers and cook m just suf-  agc was incrcascl to 20 these ingredients at a tempera" gcicnt water to extract the juice.  turc of 150 degrees Fahrenheit,^" *hJ������������������ufJ ?}J������������������"*t t������������������To  and   allowing "two   hours   for ������������������?. f.an. d add the s ugai-to the  percent  [} per cent in all of Canada.east of  | Port Arthur.   Thc question will  I then arise in each housekeeper's  mind, what arc substitutes for  wheat flour, wherc -can they bc  had  and  how  arc   they  to  be  |, used.    Substitutes as defined by  thc  new  order,   include  bran,  shorts,  corn   flour,  corn  meal,  [' edible- cornstarch, hominy, corn  grits, barlev flour, rolled oats,  oa tmcal, rice, rice flour, buckwheat flour, potato'flour, tapioca   flour,   rye   flour   and ������������������rye  Z^m? r i    ?fl       I crab apple juice.    Put over the  coobng. Most of the wheat flour;firc .m[lhrinii to a boil. stir un.  Then  add Uic plums, ancl boil until the  plums are thoroughly cooked.  Note.���������������������������Othcr   apples   may   bc  substitutes  retain   the moisture m ������������������ ' - .        dted  in the loaf longer than will thc     -- -      -&  wheat flour and yield an in  creased amount of bread on ac  count  of  their  higher  absorp  used if crab apples be not ob-  i!?"?V^tc^ but   on   no   accoun  amount ot yeast and shortening���������������������������    nsf   t,������������������      .-       nn(, Ws  hl  necessary,  a   few   of  t  rp,      .. u     .  _      -.must   the  skins   and  cores  bc  the CJ^"T1?������������������^e I ta^n away, as the pectin is con:  meal.   Potatoes arc also classed I holds when substitutes are to be  as a. substitute for wheat flour.[mixed   with   wheat   flour   for  mnn,   ,  .     .   , \CC1VC*  'P^njTltained largely in the cores, and  mended  to bakers.    Ihey will riipppilv  I*fl^r tll���������������������������  *ih������������������   ' A������������������v  bc useful also in private house-  in proportion of .four pounds of  potatoes to one of the other sub-  bread.  Corti Flour Bread.���������������������������2%  lbs.  Barley FJour Bread.���������������������������5 2-3 flcieilt watcr to start the coo^  cups wheat flour, 1W cups bar- jng. 3<>i������������������ gently until the fruit  Jcy flour, 2 cups milk and water, i js thoroughly, cooM- Stir as  1 cake ofr compressed yeast, 2 jjtqe ^s p0SS|WCt  Pla>H Currant Jam.���������������������������For pne  directly under the skin.; Any  sweet plum may be used for  jam.-The Damson is considered  quite satisfactory.. Because of  its  acid  nature, -the' Lombard  stitutes me:V.i;tt.d, on.arroufit stancfardflmVr, f-SlbT corn flour ^T-tS* o������������������ An S^sJSS  of   the   higher   percentage   of  1   tablespoon  brown  sugar,  2 't>rescribed above < ������������������  I; watCT in potatoes. A large mini- tablespoons salt,.% oz. yeast, 11    j,jum jam^_g lbs. plums, 6  lJ ber of millers arc ready ..with *~KI  *-*  Q -  -v -���������������������������*��������������������������� '     - -       -       -l   ���������������������������  I Ihesc   different   flours _, and   as  [psoon as the public demand calls  for them they wiir.be". dislribr'  uted. throughout the'trade, and  I.they   are   now   procurable, by  4ea?cris.  There has "been soirw talk of  the price of substitutes being  high in proportion to flour hut  |t is expected tl>at this condition wit) rowedy itself as Ijic  pew flours get into general, circulation throughout lhe trade.  |p Hie case of corn c meal, the  m-ice  has  \necn  advanced, for,  corn in Chte*mo on account of  market  conditions.    Canadian  millers were depending H'pon  American corn and advanced  jbe price of corn meal siccord-  mg|y on all flew controls. |t is  not expected thai tf������������������s market  I conditfty\ will- continue, however, as there has been plenty of  earn in the ynited States since  last harvest* although difficulty  of distribution arose through a  |ac|c of sufficient transportation  Ta^i|itics-and_similar_causcsr|t  Fall Pasture Sheen and Swine I    I  Sheep weaning lime is onc of  lhc most critical periods in lhc  development of the lambs. If,  well fed during this lime they  will nol only mature earlier but  will develop into larger animals.  A convenient arrangement is to  havc a small enclosure of onc  or two acres, preferably near  Ihe farm buildings, for lhe little lambs. Thc field may be  sown to a cultivated grass, such  as bromc or western rye, and  the aftermath1 from thc hay crop  used for the pasture- In this  case it will be necessaiy for the  hay to be taken off comparatively early in thc season so that the  aftermath will make good pasture. If, in addition, the lambs  have access to a small lot of un-  harvested ripe oats they will  progress favorably.  If it can be arranged, a plot  of rape will be found most useful in furnishing a large amount j  of succulent feed. Thc rape may)  bc cither pastured  off or may!  be cut each day and fed to the;  lambs. Bolh methods were tried  out at the Scott Station last season.    A plot of the Dwarf Essex rape in  the dry season of  1917 gave in one cutting. 7 tons  1,840 pounds per acre of green  feed.  Swine  For fall pigs, half-grown pigs>  and brood sows, some fall-pasture is necessary for economical  feeding. The rape will give an  abundance of feed during ..the  autumn months., In light soils  brome grass will help.out later,  and earlv sown fall rve will provide pasture late, in the, autumn.  The threp kinds of crop might  be in the one, small field. A little  patch bf ripe oats and peas will  give-the.young, pigs, a start off  for the cold weather.   For this  a  a. Mcculloch,  vernon,bc.  'V_ Manufacturer  and  Wholesaler  ���������������������������of���������������������������  PURE, REFRESHING, AREATED WATERS  and  AGENT FOR THE FAMOUS  CALGARY   " CHINOOK "  "ru  BEER AND STOUT  One must drink lo live���������������������������lo live lo drink  Ami   few* things   are   more   refreshing,    invigorating    or    desirable, during the hot,  dusty days of   summer  than   a   cool   drink  of   these   PURE,   SPARKLING     AREATED WATERS, or the Ton  ic Qualities of the non-alcoholic     hop beverages.  Send for Price List  Our Motto:  "SERVICE  and  QUALITY"  YOUR BUSINESS DESIRED  Mail  and  phone  orders  given prompt attention.  Phone 49  Vernon, B.C.  AUCTION SALE  I have been instructed to sell at the Francis ' warehouse  by  Public Auction at B p. m. on        ' "*"    ������������������  SATURDAY, JULY 20th  The following high class furniture cousisting of doable  ancl single brass mounted beds, bureaus and wushstunds,  carpets, stoves, kh'chen utensils, tables, chairs and other articles too numerous to mention.   -  C. CREED  Real Estate and Insurance Agent. ^  Auctioneer and Live Stock Saleman  ARMSTRONG, B. C.       J  tablespoons sugar, 2 tablespoons  fat, \ teaspoon $alt������������������ T.b*$  should maKe two loaves, % i,  , JHce Yeast -Pread.���������������������������$ epps of  standard, flour, 7 cups of boiled  rice, y2 cup milk and waler, '4  cup warmVwaler (for yewt)..~4  used to secure a thick stand- Tlie*  time for sowing'the grain will  depend on .when tlie pasture, is  required; usually it can pe sown  late in May or early June to good  pound of fruit, not over ripe, J advantage.���������������������������M- J. Tinline, Act  a||ow %|p. of sugar.   Put fjiejing    Superintendent,    Expert  currants in. a..granite, saucepan ��������������������������� mental Station  and was|* to allow tlie juice, to'  escape.   Add, no water.   Bring  \o a boil, sirring occasionally  J.0?8!?^?8148^' i< ,{*^ESP*g m order to insure tliat all m  tat,;lV2 teaspoons salt. 'WhenI,fruit is being, cooked' ������������������nd to  rea<|y for tlie pans wi|r|ooH liHe  a; sitff drop batter- Tbe quantities mentioned maHe two  loaves.  Sugar far Jsm.  tn order tbat tb������������������ maximum  use may be made of tbe Canadian fruit crop tins year in all  parts of tlie country, bouse-  wfves are as|ccd by tbe Canada  food Board to use no larger  proportion of-^sugar^tban^is  is expected, witb tlie |9Jt8 crop needed for preserving and. iam  in prospect, tbat tlicrc will be  still more plentiful supply for  tlie coming season.  it may be necessary to  experiment witb tliesc substitutes  making. The recipes given herewith bave been prepared by experts, having in mind the use.of  those proportions of sugar that  will give the best results.    No  il few times before succecdingmore sugar is required than the  prevent bwrning. Coo|c without  sugar until the quantity is .reduced and% all tbe truit is  broken. The time will vary  witb _ the anality of t}ie fruit.  Then boil without stirring from  three, to live minutes- Remove  from the Are and put into sterile jars, glasses or stone crocks.  Seal when cold by pouring  melted parafln over tbe top. tp  making "Plack, Currant Jam, tbe  suga r_ must _i������������������otJbe- bailed _from  the beginning with the fruit, as  in  some jams;  otherwise  the  fQQi} Regulations Imperative  Jf present restrictions should  be in the slightest degree relaxed  It would result in serious .want  for the people of Europe.before  lhe wheat crop could reach the  market-���������������������������Herbert Hoover-  ia flour Miita  ������������������NP������������������fMIY. 9.C.  r QIC s Awe  FUHJR TOI4NG MACWiNEftY; ENGINES  PUMPS.  ELECTRIC GENERATOR; SWITCH BOARD  AND ENGINE.  Platform Scales; Corrugated Iron; Wire Netting; Bricks; Blacksmith's Outfit; Tools; Buildings; dumber; Windows; Firewood; Coal and  quantity miscellaneous material.  Apply on premises.  OR  Charles P. Coles Co. ltd.  Grain, Hay and Produce Merchants,  402 Pender Street, W., Vancouver, B. C.  currants will become bard, and  unpalatable.  Raspberry Jam.���������������������������8 lbs raspberries; 6 lbs sugar- Pick over  the raspberries and put on the  sugar. "(Let the fruit remain this  way over night. In thc morning,  jset the kettle over thc fire, and  bring the contents slowly to a  boil, stirring until the sugar is  all dissolved. Then cook without stirring until thc quantity is  reduced, and until, when tested  on a cold plate, lhe jam is found  to be sufficiently thick.  Raspberry Jam with Currant  Juice.���������������������������7 lbs. of fruit; 1 lb. or 1  pint of red currant juice; 6 lbs.  of sugar. Follow the same instructions as for Raspberry Jam  but, because of thc juice of thc  currant lhat is added, it will require a little longer cooking, as  some of the watcr will have to  be evaporated.  Old-Fashioned Blackberry  Jam.���������������������������For each pound of blackberries use three-fourth, of a  pound of brown sugar. Pick  over the berries and mash them  slightly. Add sugar and cook  slowly until thick. Seal in jelly  glasses.  Spiced Pears.���������������������������7 lbs. hard  pears; 4 lbs. sugar; 1 pint vinegar; 4 oz. bruised ginger rootf  1 lemon; 2 oz. stick cinnamon; .  Mr.  Merchant   i=  The next time-you require - Vv  'anything.- in  Commercial    Ip'  -   Printing���������������������������      "  .'-'       ,        ��������������������������� -���������������������������*���������������������������  Letterh^adsL   ~  Loose-^eaf &v  StftncJarcl  ny % tapes  lrfeul*r|tftf*r������������������  * * * ���������������������������        ��������������������������� ��������������������������� -        ���������������������������"���������������������������'���������������������������'..),    ���������������������������. t.  Tell lis your needs .and let us give you an Estimate, on^Jvfc >.s  cost.    We can give quick service and produce Job frintyng* ,  that satisfies, at Ijye and.let live prices,    phone or w$fe.,-\,  TW3 WAUiEfl pupa* THE CART ffflsss  Enderby Arni������������������tr������������������?������������������g ;,  -i'-jS'Zl  WV V|  -.    'If*" ���������������������������  -' o.  completes the equipment for turnining out the very   best  of "MeCMlowbrdoK9*  and "Armstrong"  brands of butter and "Arctic Velvet'* icecream  WATCH US GROW  Okanagan Commoner, Subscribe Now Two Dollars a year /<  'U  THURSDAY, JULY 1STH, 191S  ������������������fcanagan Commoner  In   which   is  merged   the   Armslrong   Advertiser   and  Knderby Press.  BALKAN- CITIZENSHIP  Published  Armstrong,  every . Thursihiy  at  a year, bv Wauceh  &  Cahv.  //-  B.C.,  at  c2  H. M. "Wai.kkii, Editor & Manager,  Advertising rates: Transient, 40c an inch first insertion, 25c each subsequent insertion. Contract advertising, SI  an  inch per month..  THURSDAY, JULY 1STH, 1918  KEEPING' THINGS  GOING  The trouble with the peoples of Russia, Roumania and the other Balkan stales is. they are so  intermarried and mixed up Avith the Germans  and German subject stales that they have more  or less iost all sense of nativity and are simply  opportunists of the lowest type. The hand lhat  feeds Uic stomach over there is tlie one that is  licked. Grim tales of horror and famine in Russia, ,��������������������������� gruesome" stories of Avar, Bolshevism, civil  conflict and. Avholcsale murders by the Germans,  stories of. pathos, misery and human suffering,  Ayerc brought to Vancouver by a party of sixteen  Russianjrefu'gces aboard thc S. S. Arabia Mara  of the Osaki Shodshcn Kiasha line Avhich arrived  last Avcck. To the Province one of thc refugees  said:    "I fled   from   Odessa  the  day before   the  Do you know, dear reader, lhat Armstrong is  the only town in the Okanagan, if not in the In-       _  ___            _.._   tcrior, that has continued-to observe throughout j Germans occupied Uic city/' My mother sent me  the Avar the clays and events. Avhich. were cstab-'away aviUi 2,000 roubles' because the Germans  lished before lhe war? If you didn't Icuoav it be- were killing every young man Avho looked as if  fore, you know il iioav. Every Dominion Day'he might become"'a'soldier if hc lived a year or  has been observed bv lhe customary celebration ; two longer. My molhcr and father were lo" follow  at Armslrong, and the Full Fair has been con-.1 me as soon as'possible. Avilh the rest of thc i'am-  tinucd Avith a.s much inleresl and enthusiasm as'ilv. But 1 am here. Wherc lhcy arc I do nol  ever. And iu addition lo these established cclc-,khow. I went lo Vlaclivoslock and Availed. I  orations. Ave have heen shoavii Avhat can be done ( Availed eight months for a letter or some message  by thc poullrv men in connection Avilh the-aviii-land none came. Then fighting started toAva'rd  ter poultry show. Rach and all of these events Vlaclivoslock and I avciU to Japan and Availed Iavo ���������������������������  have proA-cd a success every year, Avhich shows j months before I got ship to come to United States.  that the general public is not in favor of giving j I will go to Seattle and then perhaps to New York.  up these public events because of war conditions.!Maybe I  will continue my study in  mechanical  The fact   that  Armstrong's  businessmen   and j engineering.    Maybe I .will dig ditches or sewers  citizens generally have held steadfastly to these anil gel more money to find my people."  observances   speaks   volumes   for   their   public     Another refugee illustrated thc ease wilh which  spiritedncss and loyally to thc home community  and district.  ���������������������������   It is Avclcomc news to learn lhal the Fall Fair  will bc held  this year as usual.    To make  this  event the usual success, it is up to everyone avIiosc  interest i.s  ahVc  in   tlie  district,   lo  lend  aid  in  making fhe displays in the various departments  all that shoud hc.   There arc reasons for believing thai farm produce may not bc as Cxnc a cfual-  ity as usual, bul wc havc no reason lo knoAv this.  We may bc surprised Avhen it comes lo (hc opening day of lhc fair.    Il is not too early to begin  preparations noAv. *   .,.., _���������������������������  Two Days More  Ends the Greatest Sale in the Valley  Make Friday and Saturdry your...special purchasing: days.   A  chance   to buy  the very  best of merchandise at less  than  wholesale  and factory   cost   to-day.  There   is no risk in buying' for years ahead,   all lines are  advancing- enormously���������������������������scar city is keen  We advise you to buy all yeu can now.   Almost every thing-  reduced in six departments  DEPT. A  0  Silks,   dress  goods,   hosiery,   ribbons,   sheets,  linens.' blankets, towels, wash goods, etc.  DEPT. B  Men's and boys' suits;   underwear,  socks, etc.  shirts, ties,  Ihey can take on and oil' lhcir citizenship. "[  sec you' arc Roumanian." said an immigration  officer lo onc of them. "No!" ejaculated Moses  emphatically, "American."  "But you Avere born in Roumania," said thc officer, and hc admitted the soft impeachment.  "Moses Hclchcr? Sounds Jewish. Arc you a  Jcav"? lie was nexl asked. "Jew? No. But mv  ladder A-as," hc replied  DEPT. C  Ladies' and Juvenile boots and  shoes,  also  white  footwear.  Many  big  DEPT  D  specials  in  groceries.  Household   goos,  DEPT. F  hardware, carpets Cretounes  curtains etc.  Men's.  DEPT. G  Misses' and Children's suits, dresses,  Ladies'  waists, underlinen etc.  Friday and Saturday ends the Mammoth Sale  yi  REINFORCEMENTS FIRST ESSENTIAL  Tlie following statements has been handed to  the press by Hon. Martin Burrcll, Acting Minister  of Militia and Defence:  "It lias been stated to lhe government that tho  labor situation is such that there is danger of tlie  crops not being entirely harvested unless soldiers  arc granted leave of absence for this purpose. Already a large number of men havc been granted  exemption and leave of absence The grave situation at the front since thc institution of thc German offensive last spring necessitated thc most  vigorous and rapid reinforcement of our troops,  accordingly arrangements were made for the  sending overseas of the largest number of troops  possible, especially during June and Julv. '  lhere can be no doubt of the necessity for  such arrangements being carried out. The whole  situations been laid before General Me AX  START NOW FOR "AFTER THE WAR"  Mail  Order  Department  H. VERNON, B. c. BRITISH COLUMBIA INTERIOR STORE  Canadian Food Control License No. 8-21018.  We hear a great deal about Avhat is going to,  happen "when llie Avar is over;" what thc_world'  is going to do and bc; what will happen to this'  nation and that; how much better people are go-1  ing to be than they ever we're before; how dc-! ���������������������������   ���������������������������������������������������������������������������������-��������������������������� -- ���������������������������         mocracy is going to bc saved bv pulling an end to f . .   .   -  militarism for all time to come. Much of this,that. When the government sends commission-  talk is for effect only. Looking back over his-[ers-here to get information .the commissioners  tory, avc see much of the same sort of thing oc-'always invite information from certain promin  When  the Canadian Food Board' passed the*  regulation demanding that bakers and public eat-  curVring aVvariousTperr6(lS"^ They never havc {"������������������   houses   should  stamp   the  words  "Vfefcwyv  crisis is past and the world returns to.normal we,much to do with us smaller fellows.   If they had Bread    on every loaf baked, it attempted m tu  sec human nature asserting itself as it did before they would know that wc eo.uld sell salmon aijcj childish way to add psychology to its physiology..  thc crisis came.    And. after a period of vears, 'black cod just as cheap as flat fish.   Now would  wc sec the human  family arriving at another be a good*time for the public to have some in-  After another year or two of war we'll, no doubfc  have "victory hats,"  "victory shoes/'' c**VfcfoTty;  ���������������������������%m  "S1<V Mr-.-i.. ~  :y..-y;^^  so.  As it-friend says in wriling the Commoner. "1  realize as well as anyone docs that wc probably  havc some hard times ahead hi us, but I do net  know.   Thc past few vears has proved lb* * * " '  of hunum '       " *  is  wait until tomorrow  brings to us?   A ���������������������������       ill?"" *iT e>���������������������������' V"" .V**"."J '  fo       us-   ,^ good thought, a good outlook ou  a  gor^  j������������������      *"SS.  setfotis difficulties 'which" ]n"lhcse"dn������������������'nf  Slnd'^-*rcnis so terrible a thing is a power������������������for good.  Cse dtl>s of w^   -4 peoples wiU be advanced in thought and up-  of dcrstanding before lhe reign of peace hegips.   A  crisis.   But, we arc told, this is an extraordinary, formation upon the immense profits which arc        .   ��������������������������� .* ������������������ t        t    ��������������������������� ������������������victorv coffin" *W������������������rW:  crisis; thc like of which has never been known' made in the fishing industry when the market ���������������������������lMUlte������������������tf   .>t������������������or\. lea,      Aictory coffee,   c victory;  before.   Perhaps it is.   We talk sibout it all the can be juggled to suit thc men who have stuff'sugar,   and in every case It will mean something;  time, but avc havc.no reason to know that it will to sell."  .        'of an inferior quality,; J   -   -��������������������������� '���������������������������__**  be  "~"~      ��������������������������� ���������������������������'  BABIES  ~   i-   . arranged for should be sent at fho  earliest possible moment, and tha   the 4 should  ^be������������������^c'THl,rc from ^program. *  ,47PC  Government apnrcciafcs the manv  '^..Ti.invl    Occasionally  ' ZTl*ti������������������Tg'���������������������������* l^sncation/ Today Reporter will get  oui^omt.today is etPV������������������itv    Whv should avc niattcr   ot    sex  ail Ulltll tomorrow *--       ������������������S3-' -      tV. S'.1?.U.,d ,WCln������������������tiVn*   Thhn the  'ingstous?   A*  our *������������������rTOv^������������������_an^ ! itor  the newspaper  mixed in the  in   his   birth  b get the good that this day j notices. Then ^ i***^!*  ��������������������������� ��������������������������� ������������������       -     --   -    J 'and pa or ma goes alter the eo-  Tace the Canadian people in thc carrvin  their work. .noftfhh/ in agriculture, so i?  War itself  .f$pnbt::sfiji'f'%ir eyes to the t������������������  g r'.  l$-  ^  . >.-  But few people take the  ���������������������������ourselves a������������������������������������������������������ those ������������������>*,���������������������������, us. .TO.-W,, fe^TE! &ST4JSS  to print it a hoy for a girl or a  girl for a boy, there is no excuse  thousand? tears fh the old accented nU^ner of jfor. *f etHJ������������������^ W*ist&^l?  living eut d ftot have brought the tiwa*etitog that! culPn^,SSJ *A ������������������S when  Ulh War .te brought.    We sec .the man-matte fff ^^J^? *?h??^S  Avortd as * really is-only a shadow of what it ^xtS^^^^^A^l-^  hc/vhen humanity recognte its hirth-right 1 ���������������������������J������������������ ^L ������������������ , ff^S&tf ffie  refuses to be kept in ignorance that meftW.^ndJS^Dr^W^TUu^^  ay'of all kinds. The generalbn of Mav���������������������������our .^"r ?Ll������������������& ^xt^'mr,,iHp������������������  ,. |i^..oA^w������������������������������������������������������������������������ **i|* uiuiiwy, in t-uiu- fiwsw^ation���������������������������ninv  Invp to nw thrniiali  dktnrb-  trates   some   of   \f\t tptUCUWes  .*'VL\ ulc&C; of our Allies, mav bo saved fmm, ������������������^" *a^*  I���������������������������may  Jia>e ^o  pass  mroUgU  CUSturp- H10 r<inftrt������������������r rtnp* im nirninst in  XW Hie, ISiiSl, the attitude ttf  the public has bcen a :0fS&\isrs  handicap than his physical disability. People httVe assumed  him to be helpless. Too often,  they have persuaded hlhi to be-  cbine so.  -^Vato the conduct of the war itself.    V ' tir  ortant  .ei'thelcss,  '" :���������������������������/?'"  inany. truunpb;,  ���������������������������'With a m\ Realization of ail that is involved,  the Government recognizes it as a high nnd imperative duty to sec that the reinforcements now  arranged for to he sent across thc seas without  fait and without delay. The nation has clearlv  expressedjts feeling on this great matter, and we  believe that the Canadian people who have committed themselves in so great and sacred a cause  arc determined to suffer such inconveniences and  make such sacrifices as arc now necessary for thc  end they havc in view.  "It may bc pointed out that the United States  authorities have informed their deparment of  agriculture that thc mililarv program of their  countrv will not permit of delay bv postponing  the July draft call in order thai the men might  work in harvesting.  "."Realizing, hoAvcver, lhc great ncccssitv of harvesting the crop, and Avith  meet thc situation in everv wav that  iblc "        '  wilt  that 'any reason why we should not face the fu {nnUimn -lh��������������������������� vnnn0 m������������������n on  ture. fearlessly, ready to do the worjc that comes I ^������������������nme ttorvTto1d was re"  to ns according to the know edge and aWUty ������������������*U'3" gvifidfto ** nartv at a  wc have developed? At a time Ike this individ-1 -Jy wvnf* ;o������������������^ luJSL U  uality and personality seem to sink into obUvionJf^^^  We can think of the great past as a dream, and:fe& ^th^Silv ^2.  we know that we are awake now and must be,qmon_io  4������������������e ?t*������������������������������������My!  Accom-  in earnest desire to  the people the very principles that made thc con  ditions that culminated in this Avar.    God is om  nipotent. omnipresent, omniscient  wavs has been and always will be.   It makes no  I difference if Hc is denied, thc power of good wiJl  is coniPat-jovcrconie t]lc evil in thc world. It is hard for our  ind ���������������������������'  iblc with thc carrvin q out of the program hat!?vyfTO ��������������������������� i. m mctw������������������ "' u?T,or<  has hccn laid down in regard to the forwardng:r,",tC-4niln^r t0 firasp thtC f,de? ������������������- I?0?1 y 8  of reinforcements  overseas,   the Department  of ^crnit>;-���������������������������  Wc arc  so  aPl  to  hmii  God  in  c  Militia will continue its efforts for thc release of,  all men who can possibly be spared."  ^ "^'        MIUTAKY GIVE WAY  Later reports from Ottawa indicate that the  military strong arm of thc government has concluded to give Avay. temporarily at least, to the  civil courts of thc land.  Hon. C. J. Doherty, minister of justice, Hon.  Martin Burrell, acting minister of militia, and  Col. Biggar, judge adA-ocatc-general, had a long  conference on Saturday on thc Calgary situation.  At tlie close of the conference Mr. Burrell stated  he had Avircd to Col. George McDonald of Calgary  stating that the militia department would abide  by the undertaking Col. McDonald had personally  given to Chief Justice Harvey that none of the  men for whom. Avrits of habeas corpus had bcen  issued, would be removed from the jurisdiction  of thc courts, unless twenty-four hours notice of  intention was given the the sheriff.  FISH PWCES JUISEP  The profiteer is one Avho is more  interested  in getting  his   bite than doing his bit.  Vancouver"^ fish market recently established a  ?<rice of five cents a pound lor Pacific Coast flat  fish, and this has been the prevailing price for  some time. There was no little surprise, therefore, in fish market circles when an order came  from Ottawa tliat the price of fish should be  raised to ten cents a pound. Vancouver produce  men point out that before judgement can be  passed on the present fish situation, it must be  borne in mind that Manager Sherman's project  adopted in Vancouver is not very many Avccks  old. It is an innovation-i:**- the food world so far  as Canada is concerned, it is pointed out, and the  rulings of the Canada Food Board A\rere draA\Ti up  from information aArailable at the time.  "History has been made in Vancouver since  that time," one produce nian said to the Pro-  A-ince, "and there is no doubt that OttaAAa has not  yet been adAised of the success of the city's undertaking."  When this point of view jvvas placed before  Manager Sherman, he said  replied that shc usually had onc  cvci-y winter, but this onc was  ii   .       j   I   lhe worst shc ever had; it kept  i? i! J,,n._ ���������������������������_' her awake at night and confined  her to her bed.    Then noticing  that the scribe Avas getting pale  and nervous, she said that she  could tell by his looks that he  our w.ls g0jng t0 jmA'c one just like  hers, and she asked him to go  and lie doAvn. The paper came  out as usual the next week, but  thc editor gave up enquiring for  babies.  Charlie Chaplin Cancelled  Manager Morris, of the AAra-  lon Theatre, received notice this  week that he would have to  cancel Charlie Chaplin in "The  Rink" for the 22nd, as the Mutual Film Co., which supplied  him with the Chaplin films had  retired from business in Canada  ���������������������������removing their entire outfit  back to the States. So there is  to,be no*show of Chaplin on the  22nd. The regular Saturday  night shows of "The Mystery  Ship" Avill continue the same as  usual.   This Saturday night the  12th episode "The Rain of Fire"  "There is nothing to and four reels of comedy.  "Pee tyorris  Proprieto  Saturday Night,, July 20th  ���������������������������'The Mystery Ship,"   Wbeii  Tbe Great Serial  ������������������������������������������������������The M>'stery Ship"  "The ������������������tup of piro"  and four reels of comedy  Mrs.. Wagget is making a  special sale of hats for a week.  Ladies trimmed ^ hats, $1.75;'  specials in children's hats.; and.'  specials in women's wasfv liafs.'  A few children**- dresses in*-  whife and colors; special,. 90er  to $1.50.    a - -  Mrs.   Wagget,   Specialist   iff  Millinery and Children's Wear..-,  "��������������������������� -si  forks drinking cups etc., for picnic  requirements.   .  'f^N'NA.WT^-of   your'     tome  i require  WW  I town.  W4T^?^lf4W'll-fo������������������nta<n P������������������'  for the pocket.  JfQPAJW���������������������������and Eastmans Films  p. t. APP0TT  Prop #wj SWmntry  Armttronfi $��������������������������� C.  p. S. Pon't forget that we take  subscriptions for all daily papers  and magazines.  ^���������������������������^=iiGet-=the=-Morri*-Habit-li=  [His' wrist mm  Just as thc demand for Men's  Military Wrist Watches has  shown unusual activity during  the past few months, so, too,  thc CAPIES' WRIST WATCH  has steadily kept pace in popularity.  . You have the advantage here  of selecting from an exceedingly attractive and worthy stock  ���������������������������a showing very complete in  its range���������������������������watches that evidence a nicety of design and  workmanship.  We offer you a liberal choice  of Ladies, Solid Gold and Gold  filled Watches, in all the fashionable shapes.  J. C, Adams  Successor to  TIMBERLAKE, SON & CO.  The Quality Jewelers THURSDAY, JULY 1STH, 1918  OKANAGAN. COMMONER  jArmstrong District  News in Tabloids  Mrs. Dr. McNaughten, of  |{Trail, is visiting her sister, Mrs.  IfiD. C. Lcarv.  Mr. H. A. Gillis and daughter  ..are visiting   Mr.   Gillis' brother  ['/at-Salmon River.  Ghas.  Patchett has opened a  ^carpenter's    shop    and   second-hand store in the old poolroom.  Mrs. M. Reid returns today to  !,her  home  in  Moosejaw,- aflcr  [.visiting   her   parents,   Mr.   and  I;-Mrs. Coleman, at Knob I'lill.  ������������������    Mrs.   H.   Connally  and   chil-  'dren of Buincr, B. C., arc visit-  ling    Mrs.    Connally's    niothcr,  Mrs. Tooley.  \   Thc rug" made by Mrs.  Ma-  fiioncy and rallied by thc Realm  I Red Cross Circle, was won by  IVMiss H. Binkley.  A small boy, a bike and an  automobile got into a mixup on  'Railway Ave  a   few   days  ago.  The   bike   suffered   a   serious  [' check in thc flanks.  Donald       Ferguson       came  Ithomc' from Alberta this Avcck,  and is iioav in  the Armstrong  P:Hospital   suffering   from pneumonia   contracted   following   a  sunstroke in thc harvest fields.  A lawn social Avill bc given by  (\thc Realm Sewing Circle, Pleasant Valley, on thc lawn of Mr.  ['(Donald   Graham   on   Thursday j after  [.afternoon, July 25th, at 3 p. m.  Proceeds to hc donated to thc  Red Cross. Everybody welcome.  ., Come and enjoy an afternoon  J in thc country.  h    Mr. A. Bucklcjr states that hc  I has already shipped 1400 cases  Lot" early vegetables, lettuce, etc.,  and yet every cultivated foot of  Miis truck fields is still in crop.  I'Some patches   havc   the third  crop noAv maturing.   Mr. Buck-  [' ley still holds the -.contract for  supplying  the  dining  car  service of the C.MV  "  News Boiled Down  of EnJerby District  MORE LOCAL PHONES  Manager Dobie to IntervieAV  Enderby Businessmen in an  Effort to Hold Exchange.  It-was reported this week that  cf-Mrs. Bihcli returned several more phones were to be  There is going lo be another  Patriotic League baseball game  on lhc Armstrong recreation  ground on Thursday, July 25lh,  at 7 o'clock, Cily vs. Municipality. Admission 10c; proceeds  in aid of Red Cross.  and pleasing stage setting, was  unquestionably the feature of  thc evening, if one may feature  any particular part of the performance.  Mrs. J. E. Bogert is visiting in  Vancouver  to^mcouveTthis^Sk:^""^!;118^11^ }.n   Enderby   business!  Miss   Kate   Nichol   returned houses-before the 1st of August,,  from the coast this Aveek. jand Manager    Dobie  states   to;  Camping parties are numer-'tbe Commoner that he will puts  ous at Mabel Lake this month..1 "* a'*fv d?y,s, this w.eck1-m an]  Miss Ruth Smith of VancouV ?ffort ,to fet the required number   of   phones   to  Avarrant  nis(  holding the telephone exchange j  at this noint.   Onc unit, he says,,  children arc spending thc wcck;<50 phones) is the lowest mini-:  at Leighton Beach. iber that  a   local  exchange   can  'be operated upon,    lhis means  lhat  Enderby   should  havc  at j  I the least calculation,  ten  morc  'phones on  lhc local board.    It -  is felt lhat this number should  ihe easily gol, since several business    houses    discontinued   thc  thc  vcr is A'isiting her sister, Mrs. J.  II. Teccc.  Mr. and Mrs. A". Fulton and  Mr. Waller Bailey visited his  brother, thc City Constable, hfst  Friday, from  Kamloops.  Born���������������������������At their Enderby  home, July 10, to Mr. and Mrs.  V. A. Poison, a daughter.  Ther  e Avill bc no meeting of    . ,     ,,        .,        ..       ��������������������������� ,���������������������������.  thc Woman's  Club during  the j,no1n������������������  S,,?} l,y    ;"leir^J I  months of Julv and August.       |brokc an<   "^ "?w ldllspoffcJt'j?  Mrs. E. B. Hallett is visiting ^J-   Mr. Dobie states thntil  her  daughter,  Mrs. E.  B.  Dill \w>11 bc l1" am   to. ������������������P?ns llL\������������������ l  tliis week, from Grand Forks.  Mr. Crcgg, head office sccrc  tary of Mr. A  Enderby  thc books  lying points if business is prom  iscd. Hc says hc would con  ncct up all thc district between  FURTHER REDUCTIONS  In summer goods during July, these goods  must be sold and   are being sold at  sacrificed prices.  Coloured hose in  pink, pale blue   and mauves, worth  today 50 and   65c  a   pair,    cleaning   at   2 pairs  for 55c  and   2   pairs   for  85c  Wash Goods  Mrs.EIizabeth Mills at Rest  Last    Thursday,    July    11th,  Mrs.    Elizabeth    Mills    passed  ***������������������  an illness of only Iavo  Avecks. Heart failure "is reported to bc thc direct cause of  death. Deceased was 61 ycars  of age, and thc wife of Mr. Geo.  Mills.   With Mr. Mills she came  Mrs.  THOROUGHLY ENJOYABLE  Second Performance of "Yokohama Maid'* Delights Large  _ Audience. .,  >f Mr. A. R. Rogers, was in "cc   "������������������' u" W"     ���������������������������? V   ",,i,  hy thc past week auditing. Enderby and Mara, ii he could  Doks of the Okanagan Saw ,?,l Just one phone per mile on  ������������������ the  way*    The  usual  require-  Walker and children will j������������������cfntJs ^e phones to the mile  return next week from Water- hut Mr. Dobie understands the  ville, Wash., where thev arc cn-'1181���������������������������?1���������������������������1! and 1S ^T^'U-  ���������������������������        * ��������������������������� 'inviAcr m  visit   oi-  tlm immo nf do all in his power to increase  away at her Armstrong home,]^"8 <l ^lslt  *-  thc home ot -^ phoncs .^ th(J Endcrby cx.  Mr. J.'C. Coltart returned to 'change.   . He  cannot  do  more  the coast last Thursday morn-, ������������������c F������������������miscs to V^Tlc���������������������������������������������U������������������Jh?  ing, after spending a few weeks  husindssmcii who  haveny *lhc  Avfth his molhcr,&at  thc  home Vho��������������������������� "^tailed. He wil   also be  of his brother, R.J. ������������������f    ,hC .-^T1 f        i  A  carload  of  coal  was   un- Ph������������������jncs' nhls    ^^    *������������������*na   to  make a thorough canvass oi the  town and district so it cannot be  to  America   from   England  in .   /v, carioau   oi   coai   was   un-  1881, and located at Salt Lakel^din^^ ,ow.i ������������������uu uu.inci ������������������, u ������������������.,uu,i ������������������  City, Utah, where they resided ������������������git of'an ironical  thing with     w   .f   h    exchange is puUed  until 1898.    They then moved  to Cardinston, living there five  years, then Avcnt to Granum for  six  y  Armstrong nine ycars ago  Thc husband and onc son,  Mr. Fred Mills, and a daughter,  Mrs. Leslie Bird, survive the'  deceased. All are living at Ann-  strong.  Mi.', and Mrs. Mills Were pioneer settlers at hoth- Cardinston  the. mercury turkey-trotting  around thc 100 mark.  Alwyn Attenborough is visit-  rcarT  finally" locating* at'{"������������������ ^is mother, from the East.  itronif nine venrs nan. *lr' Attenborough expects to get  travelling orders almost any  day to go into training for over-  seas.  The last logs of the big Kingfisher drive were put into the  mill boom on Wednesday, and  the contract entered into fifteen  ���������������������������v-as well and meet with so .hearty  I/-a response as uThe Yokohama  Maid" received at. the Avalon  Theatre Tuesday evening. Thc  heat of the evening Avas too oppressive - to ���������������������������.- bring out so, large  an audience as that which attended  the  first  performance,  [! (nit. it "was certainly a most satisfactory second-performance  audience.  Several auto parties attended  from Pnderfcy.-The theatre was  comfortably tilled, hut not  crowded.  Speaking of fhe performance  as a whole, it was quaintly harmonious and surprisingly, wejl-  halancecj. The leading :ctmrnc-  ters, "fattedo, played hy JJ-  ftatey; Q'Sing-a-Song, hy Mrs.  Harris; jung-Waga, hy Mv$- A.  [uckiey; Knogudi. hy A. T.  height; Harry Cortcase, by P-  C. Leary, and the inimitable Lee  I Aforris as Muvon-Yu, each came  Seldom, indeed, witt a'home1- ���������������������������-������������������������������������������������������  -" ...     -.  talent',  performance  stand  up'ments, of   pioneer   life where  -  *   * "���������������������������        * there was work to. do.  Since coming to Armstrong,-  Mr. and.Mrs. Mills and their son  and daughter have entered into  the business and social life of  the community wholeheartedly,  ahd by so doing won the confidence and esteem of all.  The funeral service was held  at the home, on Saturday, the  flew Mv. Stott officiating.  and Grannm, and in those days ff^^g? ^JtSSLAtewau  Mrs. Mills worked by the side & Fa������������������lkner is completed,  of her husband in all depart-  The rebate period on Enderby  water   rates   being   how past,  out, that the company did not  do ils part.  Moving to Kamloops  Mr:'A. E. Morgan is in Armstrong this week from Kamloops. Mr. Morgan is an old  resident qf Armstrong and a  good friend of the district. It  will be bad news to many to  learn that this is Mr. Morgan's  "packing-up" visit. He is looking after the effects of his  mother who will join her sons  Kamloops.      Her   removal  rates will be payable at par til   f Armstrong,  like  that  of  July 31st.- |f not paid by that;} ������������������   - m b������������������'a distihet loss,  date the water wilf in all cases Jg; Jg has taken ^prominent  Action Pemand^  "for some months an effort  has been made hy the educational department to induce the  be .cut off without notice.  Mr. E..B. Pill found, a. rosary  on the beach of Mabel Lake last  Sunday. He Js. prepared to turn  it^over to the owner, as he is at  a loss to know which end to  start from or where to stop.  TfcwM far ~Pw#|*  Pte. Chas. Webster Avrites to the  SoHliers' Hpnie Comfortp Club as  follows: "I beg to acjvjse you th������������������t  the-fine parcel from, the . Clwb arrived in One shape.. Already the  boys in oqr section have each ftaq a  wUh Armstrong and, establish ^ heaw^y. ivory soap was always  a hranch of manual training a favorite of mine: ifve discovered  and domestic science at fnder- > *** merit, in it���������������������������\t floats. ���������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������  by, Mith the teachers working' 85f ������������������ff h%Z^_Zi  etween Vernon and Armstrong,  as now.   J,ust what progress js  being made is rather uncertain,  in for hherai applause, and the,Put tije department is now  choruses were given with snap procurmg teachers for the new  and volume. I term soon to hegin, and if the  Seldom is heard, even off the 'Enderhy hranch is to he estab-  professional stage, anything'hshed prompt action must he  inuchvbetter: ~" T takenr-^yiie���������������������������departmemV-estK  There were minor characters, I mates the initial cost for appli-  too, who won the fun-loving ances and utensils, and includ-  heart of the audience: jtissimee, ing teachers salaries for the in-  by   M-r    "T   -,1     "-*1-1- J :*:"' * *i?������������������������������������������������������������������������u i      a ������������������*  Stella  Turner. ,  ���������������������������....���������������������������       T  No, by Mv. Wagget, and Tui hy board to get an advance to  i, fatti by John Iddings. cover the initial cost from the  The  opening  chorus  of   the educational department,  to be  second act, with its attractive paid back later.   When   ��������������������������� in a shell-  etween .these points, instead ������������������*)������������������$ if VlMftj &?JSR  slip away is "jake." I note that  there have been changes in the personnel of the Club- No donht it  has been too long a time for those  who started to carry, on the work  longer. We jwst wish we couW  ���������������������������finish this affair up and end yonr  labors in this line. I suppose yow  all know Tommy Fincllay is leader  of our banck Mighty good one too.  JBoUy-JiitcheU"=(of^harkin)_is=ialso=  in the band. His gooci natured  smile never seems to have failed  him yet. Pill Wilson is in our  ompany.   I thnik most of the hoys  f  >a<  HH  ���������������������������O'  (X  I BPfPIHHI III fi mi  Wm UNDERWEAR  <0  I!  i  9  il  pelpark silk crepe Unionist, regular 5.00 for $2.65  "       " and cotton Unionist regular 2.50 for |1.90  Men'8 silk ties, prices for all pockets 50c, 65c, 85c  Men's Bathing suits, navy blue, cotton  $1.00  Boys'       " .     suits,   "       " t:         25c and  50c  Muleskin Harvest boots, per pair $B,00  Youths' khaki overalls @ 90c and f5c  " grey "        ������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������  @ 60c  A. D. RENAULTt Co.  lowing appreciative note: "l am  writing to you to acknowledge the  receipt of a parcel sent to me from  the Soldiers' Home Comfort Club.  I am very pleased to he able to send  my heartiest thanks to all the ladies  who are working so honestly and  patiently in behalf of the soldiers  at the front. I consider myself a  lucky person to have bcen a resident of Armstrong, and to get all  the parcels so kindly sent out by  you."  )���������������������������=������������������OCd<������������������  Presbyterian services will be  held at parkin next Sunday afternoon.  Service will be held in St.  James' Church next Sunday  morning at 11 o'clock.  Zion Presbyterian Church,  Armstrong: Sunday school and  Young People's class at 9.45 a.  m.; public worship at 11 a.m.  and 7.30 p.m.  Rev. Mr. Dow, who has been  in London, Ont., attending the  general assembly of the Presbyterian Church, is expected home  this week and will preach in  St. Andrew's Church, Enderby,  next Sunday evening.  ������������������������������������������������������ 'V.>-���������������������������:'*.������������������������������������������������������ ������������������������������������������������������������������������;������������������������������������������������������  position in all public functions  given by the , Red. Cross: and  other societies'.  Colored Muslins iu pink, sky  green, champayne and rose,  b(5 ins. wide, now .... 4-Oc  Searsucker crepe, in sky,  white  and  pink   now  a  yd.      2bc  Searsucker crepe in fancy  designs, now a yd. 22 l-2c  38 in. striped voiles clearing at, a  yd 25c  Coin  spot    muslin,   a snap,  a-yd. for   1SC  White and green striped  suiting, 36  ins.   wide,   now  ....... 35c  cloth,   white.    35c  cloth,  white,  .. 32 l-2c  a  yd.  fo.-   40 in. niiddie  now a yd for .  38 in. Middie  now a yd. for .  38 in.  Indian head, clearing  at, a yd. for       32 l-2c  3'i in. White pique, clearing at, a yd. for 35c  38  in.   White  pique,-   clearing at a yd. for  ...... 40c  Cream Lustre, beautiful  value clearing at. A yd.  for      75c  72 in. Wide  union linen table damask; beautifnl designs,  worth to-day $1.50 a yd1, to clear at  75c a yd.  BOOTS AND SHOES  Ladies' boots in kid, boxcalf,  and patent toes, sizes 2������������������, 3  and 3������������������ now $2.25 a pair.  Ladies black and tan Oxfords, aud pumps, sizes up  to 3������������������ for ������������������1.95  Women's tango, now selling  for $1.50  Women's   white <maxie now  #1.75  Women's    yachting Oxfords  now  SI.35  Misses'  white canvas  boots,  high  cut leather   soles now  $1.95 ancl  2.25  MILLINERY  Our entire  stock   of Ladies* Summer  Hats to clear at 75c. each*      .  Values up to $3.00  Laidies' tan title lisle bote, alio tan silk boot, worth today 75c a pa:r, to clear :45c a pair. ,     ..c--.. .   .  -i  A good stock ot Remnants on kaid  *> ir  i  if      "���������������������������  4 '" j.-,       r t V  --- ---.���������������������������y.--\  OVanngtn Piftrfet? Meeting yin  Armttrenff  CQJtRespQNPPNCJ-:  66^83888895^83889883^^  jo lhe Editor, Okanagan Commoner: . ., ���������������������������...  pear Sir: In your kW issue  iftere.appears n. paragraph writing up Mr. Cutpbert. and as.f  was for some time his colleague  on tbe boards of the OJumwn  United Growers, and we Arm-  strong "farmers' Association. I  cannot understand Ids present  position.  j noticed on my Jast two trips  to Armstrong that tie avoided  me, whicti J put down to a slight  attack of his conscience, and J  wondered at bis remark to me  qbouta^deeprdyj^jdlUanJmpxo^  vising the board he used to pe a  member of in Armstrong and  getting notbing for his pains  ever occurred to him, for situations alter cases.  1 cannot think any shareholders of the Farmers' Assosiation)  can ever forgive him for accept-j  ing the office of a director and;  then leaving them to start busi-i  ncss in a way utterly opposed  to. their interests. 1 can think of  no excuse that any man could  put forward for his so doing.  I wish to appeal to all growers ancl shareholders of the  Armstrong Growers' Association to carefully think over  what Mr. Crehan and others  have said as to their sticking to  their own business, and if they  do I am verv confident that Mr.  Cuthbert will receive all the esteem and business which he deserves by his actions to his fellow shareholders and former  directors. 1 leave this amount  to be figured out by Mr. Cuthbert and the growers of Armstrong.  Faithfully yours,  T. B. Skelton.  On M0wW afternoon, next,  Methodist minister? ������������������nd=iaymen,  wilt meet in the Armstrong  tyetjioflist.cburcb to consider tlie  progress of the worjc of tlte  church in ,tne valley, an4 to  4iscus| plans, to! carry on the  ^ork. Jley, ?��������������������������� >eyworth, the  the newely appointed pastor of  Vernon Js, the chairman of its  district. Jtepresentfves w\-\ he  present from jCcromeos 'south  an4 Werhy north. The scsr  lions of the ^strict will wejutje  Tuesday.  "When���������������������������out for\a"motor-drive,  dinner  at  the:;;King; Edwardp  JSnderby. V'     r  . :  C. f. p. License No.: 9-3409  }  Truthfulness is a cornerstone  in character, and if "U he not  firmJy4aid-in-youtb,4berc=wiJt  ever after be a weak spot in the  foundation.   ���������������������������..���������������������������fi  can .always supply  *" id season.  We  with Poultry and. fish;.   tl  Choicest meats ohtawabhi  yon  GOP. R. 8{iarp������������������  Wholesale and Retail Pwtcler  , Enderby  Evidently the Provincial Government is determined to bring  up careless motor drivers ���������������������������with  a sharp jerk. All police have  been instructed to get after any  car driven after dark without  lights. The local police wish to  give warning. It is liable to  cost thc offender severely.  Four- Way  Tested flange  When you buy t%  range why not have  the Kootenay?���������������������������  tested four ways for:  Easy Management  Economy of fuel  ^Durability  Best results.  for Sale by Macjaugblan Hardware Co  Xgnge  London  St. John, N.B.  Toronto  Calgary  Montreal  Hamilton  Winnipeg  Edmonton  Vancotmr  Saskatoon 6  OKANAGAN   COMMONER  THURSDAY, JULY 18, 1918.  Wheat Reserves Exhausted  Buying that Hurts the  Home Community  NEWS AND VIEWS  Abo.ve all people, the farmer  should be wary of doing his buying oi" merchandise blindfold.  He knows lhat those who buy  his products ,never do so with  their eves shut. His goods have  gol to stand the severest test before he is paid a cent ot* money.  In fact, tlie farmer, frequently  complains that these tests are  loo strict.  Yet it is a fact that there arc  farm-lo-farm sales agents about  everv vear with one scheme or  another lo fleece, the farmer out  o  quantity of cheap-grade beans, j  rice, lea, spices, molasses, dried j . ��������������������������� .    ��������������������������� .,  I fruits, elc���������������������������an inferior lot of! It is awfully hard to think  j stall* that the lc#al merchant i deeply in a porch swing. That's  ! would nol dare sell under any' why there are so many of them,  ; circumstances.  |     When   the  shipment   arrived  j the buyer found  that these articles, upon which he  hc was  grca t  Tliere was a  lo the effect  imagined  going  to make such a  had been omitted.  notation on the bill  lhat.on account of  A humorist is a man who will  not lake himself or anyone else  seriously; a joke is a poor boob  who.does.  A Recipe for a Day  Take a little dash of water, cold  And ajittle leaven of prayer  And a little bit of sunshine  Dissolved in the morning air  gold;  longs  Even if the greatest expectations of ��������������������������� thi ll'JIS harvest are realized, lhc fact remains lhal the  world's reserves of wheat are  exhausted and il will he'"absolutely < necessary lo continue  conservation and "'substitution  im til Ihe HUH crop situation is  known. Canada is daily increasing the manufacture of  substitutes for wheat and con-jfarmer  sumers arc urgently requested Tin's  lo make use of these substitutes  to the limit of Iheir ability.���������������������������H.  B. Thomson. Chairman of the  Canada Food Board.  Wh\r doesn't some efficiency  expert get ouL a score card for  marriageable  girls?  mill   troubles   and   war   conditions, or something else, it was  business that legitimately be- impossible lo ship Ihem jusl at  to the stores and business present,  houses of lhc community.Avhercj     As a matter of fact, Ihey did  he.  resides���������������������������the  lo\\������������������n  or. town's not arrive at all. ���������������������������>  that furnish him with all thej The other inferior grade stufl'  modern conveniences for" buy- would all. bc lhere, however, and  ing and selling, for 'educating the farmer had to accept it,- bell is children and ���������������������������providing his cause he had not been wise  family with "sundrv entertain-.enough lo write over the bill bc-  menl'and comforts."' ! fore signing it,  lhal unless en-  An instance of how some of lire order was shipped within  these slick sales agents fool thc specified time it would bc con-  is related as follows: jsidcrcd cancelled. Such an order  particular farm-to-farm! would, of course, never bc:  solicitor represented himself to'shipped al all. It would simply  hc connected with a wholesale be dead business with thc sales-  uroccrv house in a distant city.! man. ���������������������������="  The bait hc used was to quote      This   salesman   would   never  exceplionallv low prices on two j cover the same territory twice,  articles such as";Others,  however,  will  cover il  tobacco���������������������������prices wilh a new line of bunk.  Every farmer, small and  large, will find that in thc long  run lie is far heller off from  every standpoint by dealing al  home than he is by sending his  coin  to  the pernicious mail-or-  A peace 'advocate is a ninny  who opens his ears lo what the  Huns say and shuts Iris eyes to j Complete lhc well made day  what thev do-  Add to your meal some merriment  And a thought for kith and kin;  And then as your prime ingredient  A plenty of work thrown in.  Now spicc.it all with essence of  love,  And a little whifF.of play";  Let   a   wise   old   book  glance above  and  <*������������������ryrighf  a*  It Goes to The Home  Our paper goes to the home  and Is read end welcomed there.  M you wish to reach the house*  wife, the real arbiter of domestic  destinies, yeu can do to through  our paper and our Classified  Want Ada. form an Interesting  and well-read portion of IL  or three staple  sugar, coffee or  j he knew were away under thc  llocal merchant's. The farmer  "fell" for lhc bail and thought  hc was doing a fine stroke of  business by ordering enough of  these staples to do him a year.  In fact hc felt so pleased wilh  himself that thc salesman had  no difficulty in inducing him io  load up thc order with a  large  der house or handing it over  some traveling Cheap John.  There  is  no  either case.  to  'come-back" in  In order lo instruct it is first  necessary io win over your audience. One ill-advised sentence  will destroy the work of weeks.  When a man has lived in one  commuipty long' enough lo  think that that community is  Ihe best on earth in all respects,  it's his move.  A prominent veterinarian advocates the cutting of certain  muscles in the mule's tail to  render him brayless. Our experience has becn that there is  altogether too much activity in  lhat sector. Wc prefer being  hee-hawed at.  The Ontario Depart ment of  Agriculture' is planning to secure 5,000 men for threshing  gangs, wilh eight men lo each  cam j). They arc sending out  pamphlets asking for the co-operation of Farmers' Club  thc province.  Fresli line at Moir's  Chocolates just in.  Whole-Wheat      Bread���������������������������One' Canadian  cup whole or graham flour  (a ���������������������������  breakfast cup),  one cup white  Hour, 1 teaspoon salt, 1 teaspoon  sugar,   1   teaspoon  soda  and  1  cream .of "Tartar.    Mix together  and moisten vyilh milk to form  a   slill'   dough;   form   into   loaf  and bake. All whole wheat flour  may be  used if desired.    This  bread can be made very quickly  and is exceedingly nice; in fact,  Food   Control   License  >fos;  5-'S60. S-9939  throughout  CIVIL RIGHTS  Alberta Supreme Court Questions the Right of Military  Authorities.  Sell Your Old  Iron  payment <w Pelivery  j. V. SAUPPR CO.  Will p������������������y vou ff.OC^per ton for old  iron and steel, etc. old implements  free from wood, deliverd to John  ���������������������������Tedford, Enderby. Pope tiros.,  Armstrong, or at bis own yard in  Vernon. 13.0.  j,SA������������������Y GARAGE  p. C- J^AJtY, Proprietor  FORD DEALER  Repairs to all makes ofcars.    Pnoiie 22  ARMSTRONG, "3.C.  ������������������. O. WOOP, p. C. L. S.  Armstrong and Salmon Arm  Subdivisions, Mineral  Claims, Timber Limits, Pre-emptions, Drsiinnge,  Jrrlgiition ancl Hoad Surveys, Maps  and plans.  Phone 02 Salmon Arm, B.C.  SECRET  SOCIETIES  H. SPEEHS  W.   M.  A.F-&A.M.  Enderby LoHkc No. -ll"  licifular rneetinRH linn  Thursday on or after the  full moon at 8 p. m. in Masonic Hall. Visiting  brethren cordially invited  C. H. REEVES  Secretary  --_ Here and there, in the Dominion of Canada men who sec in  the military autocracy of Canada the curtailment of the civil  rights of the subject, are taking  strong objection to the highhanded attitude of. the military  authorities. Thc justices of lhc  Supreme Court of Alberta arc  not pleased wilh thc fact that  thc military authorities havc  open by defied the civil courts of  that province.  Lieut.-Col. H. A; Moore was  ordered lo appear before thc  supreme court but refused and  defied the civil authorities  to come and take him, evfcn  threatening to resist by force if  necessary. The affair reached a  climax last Thursday when Major J. M. Carson, assistant judge  advocate-generaj for the miji-  tarv authorities, at the request  of the chief justice, said that the  orders-in-council cancelling exemptions, were for lhe better  enforcement of the Militarv1  Service Act- Some very caustic  comments were then made by  their lordships.  Justice Peck���������������������������Oh, I see; in  order to better enforce the act,  they are taking men who do not  come under the act.  Major Carson explained that  summaries of the proceedings  had becn telegraphed to the ad  that it was in obedience to his  instructions that Col. Moore had  disregarded thc order of thc  court. Asa military officer lie  would bc liable to a much more  severe punishment by a military  court for disobedience of orders  than any that would bc inflicted  by a civil court.  The Chief Justice���������������������������How do  you know that? This is a very  serious matter. Thc question is  whether thc civil rights of subjects in this country have been  taken away.  Justice Beck���������������������������What the government might havc done would  have becn to say 'We doubt if  the judgement of this court is  correct, but until it is sett led Vve  w*lfTcvognizc it in this jurisdiction. '  ,        .  Major Carson again emphasized thc position in which Cpl.  Moore found himself, and asked  the bench in. case they should  find him guijty of wilful contempt, to taKe the circumstances  into account.  The Chief Justice���������������������������Colonel  Moore.cannot.be dealt with till  he js before tlie court, and evidently nothing short of a writ  of attachment wiJJ bring him  here-  Justice Stuart suggested thai  there might be other means of  bringing him before the court.  Justice Peck,���������������������������The order-in-  council has abolished us.  Justice Stuart���������������������������Privy Council  too.  Justice Peck���������������������������They probably  can prevent us stating what we  Tt isn't raining rain lo mc.  But fields of clover bloom  Where any buccaneering bee  May find his board and room.  Here's hcallh unto the happy���������������������������  A fig for him who frets!  II isn't raining rain to mc,  It's raining violets.  vStar Bakery  Armstrong', B. C.  It has been estimated up to a  recent ������������������������������������������������������-'period- lhat 4.790,000  people in Europe have dicd of  starvation since lhc beginning  of the war. Unless the 1918  harvest is saved starvation will  Ihavc made no ordinary white become general throughout  bread for some time past, as wc Europe and the suffering among  much prefer the whole wheat or the civilian populations of our  oatmeal.���������������������������Mrs. Mary Neal, sec'Allies unprecedented in the his-  Colwood Women's Institute. tory of the world.  i  Recipe for a Modern Novel  jut a n t-genera l=a t���������������������������O tta wa=a n d=\ b i n M n-givin g-j udgem ent  ���������������������������Cr  % 4* *Sr #��������������������������� 4* *#��������������������������� *fr *fc **���������������������������  Perlscopjc pips |>y JfanK PeKfow  ENDERBY   LODGE  No. 3S, K. of P.  Meets every  Monday evening  in Masonic Hall.   Visitors cordially invited to attend.  CH'AS. HA WINS. C. C.  H. M. WALKER. K. R. S  R. J. COLTART. M.F.  PROFESSIONAL  A.  C. SKALING, B. A.  Bell  Barrister,'Solicitor,  Notary Public.  '      INSURANCE  Blk. Enderby, B.C.   all  countries.   Ask   for  our  INVENTOR'S A DVISKR., which will be sent Ire*  MARION & MARION.  *<������������������4 Unlversltw St��������������������������� Montr^F.  *r *sr ������������������*- V V *r *s? *V V *$? Hf *e������������������  We hear men talk of their  business and lhcir work, ii* he  hc a mechanic, a.s if lhcir occupation were separate from their  religion! Yes. ancl we do hear  some surprisingly good people  say of tin's one or that, "Mr. So-  and-So is so engrossed wilh his  business' he can never find lime  to do this, or that, or the other"  ���������������������������some religious service, lor instance. As if his religion and  his work were two distinct  things, demanding the exercise  ol" difl'ercnt qualities of ���������������������������character! I would not cause a  brother to lose even'so small a  particle of faith in any belief  that has given to .him. any comfort in thc past, but how absurd  it is to think that one can get  to heaven by a route different  from tliat in which he works!  And isn't it a ridiculous thing  lo believe lhat one can have any  religion apart from his life���������������������������his  work! If a man sells booze six  days.in thc week he can't havc  a religion wilhoul the intoxicating thrills of the bar on the  seventh. If one i.s cold, cruel  and grasping in his business,  during Uic week, he cannot put  ..'?-  .., rj ry r , r~  V V *s* ^ ***  difl'ercnt  Wpi- wfe  religion  *  ��������������������������� VT V *&>  on Sun-  Stir in a fool to make us laugh;  Two heavy villians and a half;  A heroine" with sheeny hair,  And half a dozen beaux to spare.  A mystery upon the shore;  Some bloody "footprints on the  floor;  A  shrewd  detective  chap  who  mates  The. footprints with thc hero's  eights.'  ���������������������������And makes it squally for that  gent. .   '*  Until he's proven innocent.  A brown stone front, a dingle  dell;  Spice it with  scandal, stir it  well;  Serve it up boh and the boo|c  will sell.  Okanagan Garage  Phone 77 Armstrong, B.C*  Agent for McLaughlin, Dodge and  Chevrolet  Automobiles.  REPAIR WORK GUARANTEED.  etc.  alwaj'S on hand... Storage  Tires, accessories, oil,  batteries   recharged.      Prestolite tanks exchanged.  Fairbanks Gas.Engines.  Use  "Storage."  J.I. Case Machinery,  our free airstatfon  Classified  Cost little but reach  many, and are  first-class pullers ".of"-'  business.    Try-one in the COMMONER. 2c & lea word  _ with Onion mi Tomato  Sauce.���������������������������Peel and slice some onions, fry in a little fat; when  nearly cooked add some s|iceij  tomatoes and cook; add seasoning to taste, then add a little hot  water to form a sauce, Preajc  the eggs one at a time into this  sauce and coo|c lightly. This  forms an excellent supper dish,  or served with hailed potatoes  torms a complete dinner.  con-  and  on a  dav.  Follow this to a logical  elusion in your own mine  you will discover this, lhal a  man cannot have a religion distinct .and apart from his * business or occupation. Tt is in and  through his work that a man expresses himself, and his work  will reflect his religion. Men  may-pray long and loud, or they  may not pray at all; they may  preach and leach and exhort,  or they may never say anvthing,  but whether they say much or  little, whatever they say or leave  unsaid does not express their  religion. That can only find expression in the work they do.  Our week-day doings prove  our religion; not our Siindav doings. When men realize 'this,  and conduct themselves in even  the minutest detail of business  as if Ihey were co-partners with  God���������������������������what Ihen? Well, then  we will not think any more concerning our religion than wc do  about our stomach���������������������������and when  it is well and doing ils work we  do not know that we have a  stomach!  THE ROYAL  HOTPt  vpjwcw p. v.  Js Op^ Under  New Management  European plan. First-class dining  room   service.    Complete   line  of  soft drinks at  bar  Rooms 50c to $1.5o Per Day  Good Sample Rooms  PIM.Y WEST,  -proprietor  ���������������������������-4  J. Z. PARJCS  Shoe "Repairer  Every class of repairing done  Hand sewn work a specialty,  Come *iti and see  my  special  lines of boots and shoes.  "Leckie's" Best in  the  West  in many varieties  Also many other well known  makes in stock  ���������������������������^���������������������������^���������������������������^i^^**i"**^^^"^*^^B������������������������������������W������������������������������������**^W������������������"**������������������*i**^M*M������������������  The Shoe Hospital  Armstrong :-: B. C.  ���������������������������o<  ��������������������������������������������������������������������������������� * _ _ ������������������_'  More Profit to the  Tte Pominion law against the selling ������������������*"  hutter without the words **Pairy putter   or  _^Creamery_Putter_ r-^is the cas_e may he���������������������������printed __  on the hutter wrap, is a blessing in disguise to the  average farmer.  Jt is the duty of every hutter ma|cer to comply with the law in this matter. Some hutter  makers have only a cow or two, and make so little  hutter that it docs not appear to them that they  can afford to have their hutter wraps printed.  Jhey do not like the idea of having 500 or JfOOO  hutter wraps on hand. To accommodate this  class of buttcrmakcrs, wc have printed up  a quantity of "Custom" Putter- Wraps. They are  printed with thc words "Fresh Pairy "Putter" hut  do not bear thc name of the maker. However,  these wrappers fill the requirements of the law  governing this point, and can he bought in small  quantities at the rate of 65c a hundred in 100 or  50 lots. If you do not require buttcrwraps in  larger lots, take these wraps in lesser quantities.  ������������������>-4  fi  fi  !  fi  fi  fi  fi  I  500, Single Order.    -    -    $3.75  1000   "     ���������������������������".*.-'     -        4.75  When   run    with   other orders, $3.50 and $4.50  THE WALKER PRESS  Enderby, B.C.  THE CARY PRESS  Armstrong, p.C.  - ^1  ��������������������������� x'X\ THURSDAY, JULY 1.8, 1918.  OKANAGAN  COMMONER  ������������������?��������������������������� *������������������* ������������������g������������������ *r ������������������r *��������������������������������������������������������������� ������������������������������������*��������������������������� ������������������s* *������������������=>  ��������������������������� *  el*  3ht SInttutg fflcmorn; of Arthur 3, pracnrk  " -    n  A ������������������rin&rnil Spit, 5CUUD in Artura. Scrrmbrr lltli, 131T,  Aged 13 $para  1*  Through Chaos to Light  They tell us that he'll come no more,  They say our watch is vain,  Tliat he who was our hearts' delight     .  We may not see again.  O can this be?   Hush, hush myheart,  Break not beneath this woe,  Though all thy fairest hopes be crushed   .  And in the dust laid low.  He'll come no more���������������������������O weary years  That pass without his smile,  That bring not back the merry lad  Who would our care beguile.  So joyous he, so blithe of heart  That overflowed with glee,  A faithful comrade, kind and good,  Well loved by all was he.  To mother and to sister dear,  What words his worth can tell?  O loving son, O brother true,  Our hearts with longing swell.   .  How oft in fancy we shall hear  The echo of his voice,  That oft  with song or cheery words  Hath made our hearts rejoice.  Through tear-dimiiicd eyes his face we'll sec,  His calm and steadfast eyes;  His sturdy form, his laughing grace  Will to our vision rise.  His country's call rang loud and clear,  His life he freely gave;  Dauntless he faced his country's foes  And dicd as die thc brave.  Calmly he sleeps���������������������������sacred  the soil  Wherc lie the nation's dead,  And precious in the sight of God  The blood for freedom shed.  Sleep on beloved���������������������������take thy rest,  For thee the strife is o'er;  The storms of life, its care and stress  Shall mar thy peace no more.  Our hearts enshrine thee. Ycars may pass  With mingled shine and shade;    .  But from thc hearts that cherished thee  Thine image cannot fade.  Farewell, farewell, until the morn,  Until that glorious day  When all earth's sin and sorrow past,  The shadows flee away.  ���������������������������M.   Alice  Peacock  For a Dinner Party  Thc following is given as a  good recipe for a dinner party:  One beauty, Onc celebrity (literary or. otherwise), one "artist,  Two clever men, onc clever woman, one good general story-teller (previously lesled), one society = gossip, two "just nice"  people who know when! to talk  and when to listen.  ,.. Note���������������������������One ,t of thc greatest  mistakes made by dinner givers  Is that of overloading the table.  "Purty Good" V  Success is comin'- kind o' slow;  - Luck- never balked my game.  ������������������ hoped for ft some years ago;  Somehow  it never came.  I git 'most all the ills that fly  Around  our  neighborhood;  But otherwise I can't deny  ' I'm   doin'   purty   good. .  I must admit a certain pride   r  While countin' up the score.  No tunnel nor no trolley ride  ��������������������������� Has left me" smashed an' sore.  The gold brick an' the bunko game  A.s yei I have withstood.  I've made no hit, but jes' the same,  I'm doin' purty good. "- ""  ���������������������������Washington   Star.  [qw powWy Valuable  o Ptmlflyworm rawing  YOU have always |oo|ce4 upon painting as an  essential protection for your home. This year,  possibly you are thinking you might save the money  it costs %o paint. Put that is not saving���������������������������it's  extravagance ��������������������������� more pronounced extravagance  than in normal times. Remember that building;  materials are high an4 repairs (always more costly  than painting) are abnormally expensive just now.  IT IS THUS PCONOMV TO USE  -H&1NT  fl&% punHWtt LmI  f*vn feint  Jt has that wonqerful covering capacity and that  remarkable durability which results from the use  of pure white lead and pure white zinc in correct  proportion. Its manufacturers are committed by a  guarantee to that correct proportion. They cannot* deviate from it because their guarantee is  printed on every can. That is why we sell and  recommend B-H ������������������nglish paint���������������������������believing it to be  higher in quality, more truly an economy paint  than any other on the market.  B3' the Rev. Thomas B. Gregory  The coal measures down in  the earth may or may not be  near the point of exhaustion, but  it would certainly look as if the  "phosphorus," which is thought  to be the rough material out of  which thought is born, cannot  be made to last much longer.  At any rate, the aforesaid  phosphorus is being consumed  with an alarming rapidity.  Go into almost any one of the  libraries, public or private, and  what an array of strange titles  you will behold on the backs of  the books!  What strange, new subjects  men and women are reading  and thinking and talking about  ���������������������������Theosophy, Socialism, Anarchism, Christian Science, Spiritualism, Mental Science, Science  of Being, the Single Tax, Materialism, and every othcr sort of  ism conceivable!  There it is all spread out before you, inviting you to take  your choice���������������������������every ism and ol-  ogy that was ever thought of  or dreamed of in the seething  brain-pan of the "biped without  feathers!"  In these days there is no excuse for a person being without  a theory, cult or a creed. They  exist by the thousands and they  are as free as the grace of God.  Not only so, but the devotees  of these innumerable propagandas arc full of the zeal which  makes them more than anxious  to help the novice into the possession of the blessings they advocate.  Thinking of all this, wc are  forcibly reminded of thc ancient proverb, "In the multitude  of counsel there is safety."  If the proverb is true then we  are safe, or will bc pretty soon.  Of course the mischievous  thought will.forcc itself in, "To  what do- all these theories  amount, anyway? Are they not  "one and all mere will-o'-the-  wisps shining but to deceive and  to bewilder?"  Such thought is not altogether  Avithout its justification.  Truth? Shc is still where she  has always been���������������������������a I the bottom  of the well-  Panaceas? They arc as thick  as daisies in the summer pas-  tures^and yet the world is still  sick..     V ",, .  Infallibilities? The woods  arc full of them���������������������������and yet the  mind-is still perplexed with its  blank "misgivings ,and harrowing doubts.,    .  .  .So many ways���������������������������and j'ct no  onc of them leading anywhere,  but only going around and  around, |i|cc a blind horse in a  canebrake. *���������������������������  Ancl yet there is no cause for  despair. Just as it is better to  have "loyccl ancl lost than never  to have loveel at ail," so it is  better to think, even though you  shouhl think, yourself up against  a problem which, for the time  being, you arc unable to solve,  than It wou|c| he for vou to sit  down, ahel not attempt to think  at all.      -      t  It.is something to have discovered that there is q problem;  and when, in addition to this,  we come to see that the problem  is a hard one, all the more earnestly will wc buckle ourselves  down to the task of mastering  it.  And so wc can sav nothing  hut "Welcome r_ Jo Jhe _multi-.  fudc .'of propagandas���������������������������even if  for the present time they prove  to be the propagandas of confusion.  Before the planets became a  "svstem," they were a mass of  wild-whirling star-dust, which  was more like chaos than cosmos; and before wc reach truth  wc must expect to be played  with and tantalized by a multitude of dreams and phantoms,  which, though ghostly and unreal in themselves, may have in  themselves the seeds of eternal  vtruth.  -���������������������������**,&  Men Who Do Things  The   joy   of   creation   more  than  returns  all  the  pains   of  labor; and, as the conscious labor against external obstacles is  the first joy of awakening life,  so   the  completed- work  is   the  most intense of pleasures, bringing to full birth in us the sense  of personality, and consecrating  our triumph, if only partial and  monetary, over nature.   Such is  the true character of effort or  will in action.   A man is a miracle of genius because he has  been     a     miracle     of     labor.  Strength can conquer circum-*  stances. The principle of action  is  too strong for any circumstances to resist.    It clears the  way,  and elevates itself above  every object, above fortune and  misfortune, good and evil.   The  joys  that come  to  us  in 4this  world are but to strengthen us  for some greater labor that is to  succeed. Man's wisdom appears  in his actions; for every man is  the son of his own work.���������������������������F. R.  Wilke.  --���������������������������"eSiished  ieTlr-^  Capital Authorized, $5,000,000  Capital Paid-up, - $3,000,000  Surplus, $3,500,000  Jncreased production of wealth is  the only way in which the requirement of the nation can be met without excessive taxation for the next  decade. The expansion of legitimate  business is essential, and the Bank of  Hamilton is prepared to encourage  it by the judicious extension of credits.  ARMSTRONG BRANCH  H. L. Paynter, Manager  40-C  .BBEB  Patriotism  No man can suffer too much,  and no man can fall too soon,  if he suffer or if he fall in defense of the liberties and Constitution of his country.���������������������������Daniel  Webster, July 1850.  I  ������������������^^^^^^^^^  I mean to stand on the Constitution. I need no olher platform. I shall know but one  country. The ends I aim at shall  be' my Countrv, my God's, and  Truth.  I was born an American; 1  live an American; I shall die an  American; and I intend to perform the duties incumbent upon  me in that character to the end  of my career. I mean to do  this with absolute disregard of j  personal consequence- 5 ' I ���������������������������  What are oersonal consecrncn-' i   -.  M. '    "  "    .  ^  ces?   what is the individual.   Clothes Cleaned,Pressed  man, with all the good or evil; j       -- -       -���������������������������-���������������������������-.  that may betide him, in  com-i {  parison with thc evil which may j J  befall a great country in a crisis! I  like   this   and   amid   the   great* 2  transactions which concern that i \  counlrv's fate?  MADE IN  ARMSTRONG  Ladies' Suits  Men's Suits  Altered and Repaired  ALEX. AMIR I  QUEEN'S  UNIVERSITY  KINGSTON  *^���������������������������*��������������������������� ONTARIO  tttflj AJtTS      -  MEDICINE       EDUCATION  APPLIED SCIENCE  Mining. Chemical. Civil. Mechanical and  ���������������������������Electrical Engineering.   ���������������������������  HOME STUDY  Alta Course \>j correspondence.    Degree  - with one year's attendance or four  summer sessions.  Sum-Mr School    Navigation School  July and Antust       ��������������������������� t>������������������������������������������������������h*w lo April  19 CEO. Y. CMOWN. Registrar  I PAY CASH for POULTRY  and EGGS  Shipments solicited whether  large or small. Remittance  made on day of rcceipt'of goods  at prevailing market prices.  A. E. SAGE      Armstrong, B.C.  JJ-  *sl  v -. -��������������������������� ���������������������������  gsKKKtaaoL^hfcyi  -*TJ  :;.?:  \  1UIT0N HARDWARE CO. ITD  ENDERBY, BC.  400,000,000 People Lack Food  It is estimated that 400,000,-,  000 people in Europe arc short  of food. In Poland, Finland,  Servia, Armenia and "Russia,  millions arc actually dying of  starvation and other millions  are suffering from undcr-nutri-  tion, while still others arc living  on the barest possible margin.  Behind in Meat Schedule  Because of thc shortage of  shipping Great Britain has already fallen behind 25,000 tons  in her schedule.of meat shipments guaranteed to France,  compared with the total of 70,-  000 tons shortage in the schedule for 1917.  LET THE COMMONER WW YOU MAKE  J3USJNESS FOR YOURSELF, ANP WW THE  pUSINpss OF TINS PIS^RICT IN TH������������������ Pis-  TRICT. THF" COMMONER JS HPfip-TO WW  VOU. By CO-OPERATING WJS CAN'POM)  |N THP PJSTWCT THOUSANDS QF POL.  LARS 0ACH If ONTO, ANP AT TW SAW  TW Gjvp TO TW PPW4C THIS COM-  FL^TPSt SATISFACTION AS, TO PRICE,  QUALITY ANP SFRVICP.   -*  TW pus|Npss |s WW- IT is yp TO  YOJJ, MR. PUSJNFSSlVIAN, TO GET VOUR  SHARP.   IF YOU ARE NOT,������������������    *  IT IS VV TO VOU !  WW  ^S  TO  MAKE  TUP   COMMONS  -ANA1P TO YOU IN business:         HELP US TO PUT THE COMMONER INTO  EVERY HOME FROM LARKIN NORTH TO  SICAMOUS. ,  HELP US TO MAKE THE COMMONER A  BUSINESS GETTER FOR J3VERY BUSINESS  ENTERPRISE IN THE DISTRICT.  HEW US TO MAKE IT THE MEPIUM TO  WHICH ALU MAY LOOK TO FOR THE REST  STAPLE GOOPS AT THE LOWEST LIVE-  ANP-LET-LIVE PRICES.  HELP US TO MAKE EVERY "AP" SPEAK  FOR QUALITY ANP RELIABILITY.  * -SS\  '"" -I  F:oeei  -   Phones���������������������������29 Enderby; 35 Armstrong.  A call will bring our ad man to see you, with  illustrations and suggestions for business-pulling,  interest-awakening, and good-will building ideas.  These will cost you nothing, but advertising  space in the Commoner will cost you 40c per  column inch, transient, and 25c an inch each  insertion on contract.  The rest is up to you.  OKanag'an Commoner  Armstrong or Enderby. ;6 '/!'���������������������������;'���������������������������>  OKANAGAN   COMMONER  THURSDAY, JULY 1STH, 1918  , a r.  B in d er  Tw in e  Due to our buying, we have decided to reduce our  prices  on  binder's   twine to��������������������������� Standard, per lb, 29e  Manilla, per lb, 32c    ..  As we have only a limited amount we cannot guarantee prices on any further stocks lhan those now  carried in our warehouse.    Order early.  "We want your twine orders.  r.  ~i  Pzeserving   ^equhemenis  o  E-Z Fruit Jars, per dozen���������������������������Pints   .....' $1.50  ���������������������������Quarts         1.7f>  ���������������������������Half Gallons      2.50  Rubber jar rings,'10c doz  Economy jar tops 50c doz  -Strawberry hullcrs, 10c,ea ;i  Preserving  kettles,   from ..   ." 85c   to  $2.50  Cullenders, ea., 65c to 85c  Wood Spoons, ea  ....10c  Haying Tools  . Forks    $1.35  Scythes    $1.50,   $1.75  Sua Ihs         1.65  Hay Rakes      .50  Scylhc   tSoncs    15c,  25c,  35c  40c  Machine Oil  ... s 65c gal  Wire Rope, per foot, 18c  Cultivating  Tools  Eureka   Hand  Cull iva tors each      10.00  Hand   Wcedcrs,   each   . ..'   20c & _50c  Norcross   Cultivators      1.50  Garden Hose, "V^-in.. per 50 feci    ���������������������������     8.00  Lawn Sprinklers, from 40c  Hose Nozzles, ea.,   ..     75c to         3.00  Hose Menders, ca  ...  15c  DR. WILLIAMS' FLY SPRAY  for  sale  here. Give  your cows a treat.    The only    spray'lhat   will drive  away mosquitoes.    Quart,     75c;      half-gallon,      $1.25;  gallons,  $2.25.    Hand spravcrs     for     applying     spray,  75c,  $1.25,  and  $1.50.    o   Otfyez Suggestions for July  Screen  Doors and Windows, Lawn Mowers, Sprinkling  Cans,   Crocks,  Creamery Cans, Fishing Tackle, Bicycles  Electric Irons. _ .  ��������������������������� MacHiBll-Mtth Hard'e Co. Ltd.  CORNER HARDWARE ARMSTRONG, B.C.  PHONE 33  f-W-wmw-tssesEaBS-i  CLASSIFIED  2c word 1st  insertion:   1<-' a  word thereafter  U5c minimum "  ADVERTISEMENTS  JTOR SALE���������������������������Bay marc: 000 pounds.  Guaranteed sound in every way.  Would take cow in exchange. W.  ���������������������������A.  Phillips,  Armstrong.  JFOR,, SALE���������������������������'1-liole   McClary   cook  -stove;    $25.00.      Mrs.    Jas.    Gni-  jiani,  Enderby. 47-lf  I have a large list of enciuiries  from the Prairie ..Provinces for  iTixecl I'arms and Stock Ranches.  Mail your descriptions of properties direct to the ollice.  GI-30. iMICIvLIiBOROUGM  Box 31)8  Vernon  |ce Cream Sodas  an4 Sundaes  GOOD DRIVING HORSE, 16 hands;  sale or trade for cow. i<'. Hawes.  Enderby. ������������������J8-tf  FOR SALE���������������������������One motor truck; 32  horse-power engine; 3 new tires;  all in running order. Can be  seen at Fletcher's Garage. Fulton  Hardware   Co.,  Enderby.       44-tf  LOST���������������������������Between Robinson's and  Armstrong, on Ihe back road, a  lap robe. Finder please leave at  -Foreman   &  Armstrong's  slore.  FOR SALE���������������������������Jersey bull calf, nearly  pure-bred. $10. Collis. Lansdowne.  FOR SALE���������������������������Light wagon, complete  with box, pole, shahs, etc. Also  Light Democrat.- Both iu good  condition. H. A. Allison, Armstrong. 49-2  THE VICTROLA  ia a  HOME  ORCHESTRA  of   the Best   posaibls Kind  IT IS THE  EASIEST ORCHESTRA  TO MAKAGE  lt will play for you the music you love  best in the way you love best. KYom  thc simplest sons to the most brilliant  opera, such music you may have in per  fection throutili  H. S. Best  Armstrong,    B C.  YOUR HOME NEEDS  MUSIC  Why  not get a New   Edison  and   have  the   music of the world's  greatest  artists in your home?.  No needles   to  change  A small cash payment   takes iu a  DIAMOND  AMBEROL. A  to yourhomebalance, easy terms.  Have one  in  your home for three days  on Genuine absolutely.  FRBB TRIAIv  ..'... Vy ./frOUl V .  . V':; :���������������������������:.,. VV  Hood Stationary Co  The Edison Distributors  Vernon, B. C.  ,,r, *������������������, ^. ^ ^r ^ ^ ^ ^. wr *? ������������������f v V *$r *r "f -v "r *r rr *$- -v >"r  -iS  ���������������������������4f  THE MODERN IDEA OF EDUCATION  e-TO  rr *r  By D. J.-Welsh  >y~> **��������������������������� r^s. ft* ft'fp- ft* *)��������������������������������������������� ft* ft*   e?X *& t^ii <??* *������������������* eh *?A -^ ^ ^ <f?K **���������������������������������������������*  Wc arc now serving delicious  Sundaes and lec Cream Sodas,  lind use only Hie highest grade  syrups and crushed fruits in  making them.  When in town drop in and refresh yourself in our ice cream J  parlor.  FOR SALE���������������������������Cow, to calve early in  August. M.F. Cowan, Enderbv  49-3t  Tlie Popular Variety  Store  CLIFF ST. :-:���������������������������        ENDERBY  CHAS. PATCHETT  BUILDER AND CONTRACTOR  Shop   "Work   of all   kinds  25 years' experience. Satisfaoiion guaranteed  BOX 190, ARMSTRONG, B.C.  Canadian Food Control License No. 8-1.7170.  HOT WEATHER SUGGESTIONS  MEN'S FURNISHINGS  STRAW HATS  SPORT SHIRTS  CANVASS SHOES  BELTS, ETC.  B.V.D. UNDERWEAR  BATHING SUITS .,  LIGHT-WEIGHT HOSE  GROCERIES  Limec.Juice, Grape Juice.. Raspberry Vinegar, Lemonade, Or-  ������������������ngeac!e, Lemonade Powder, Pi ckles, Olives, Catsup, Canned  Meats, Canned Fish, Etc.  All kinds of Sell ram tops, Economy tops,  E-Z Seal tops.   Tops, jars and rubber bands  The Slore for Quality and Quantity. , ,  ENDERBY, B.C.  Some years before thc Avar an  English wrilcr, after reviewing  lhc state of education in England, said. "The question uppermost in thc minds of these educational authorities is nol 'How  through our schools shall we  train a child,' but 'How through  our schools shall we maintain  an Empire?'" That was but  one way of saying thai those responsible for public education  had not a clear understanding  of our real purpose of education. Thc maintenance of an  Empire may bc a worthy end  in itself, but it can never bc the  primary aim of educational activity.  Progress in any branch of human activity' demands intelligent criticism ol" methods employed, together ���������������������������with constructive thinking a.s regards the future policy lhal might well bc  adopted. Il may he ailirmcd also that, even destructive criticism is nol without i!s value.  Public inslruclion'in Brilish Columbia, especially Unit branch  represented by lhc secondary  schools, has come, in fory'ils  share of crilieism during thc  past few months. Il litis been  freely declared by crilics, some  of them shrewd business men,  lhat our High Schools do not  prepare boys lo intelligently take  up a trade, sland behind thc  counter, or follow lhc plow. In  other words, that secondary education as now carried on in thc  Province, does not enable a boy  to make a living any easier, or  afford- him a heller chance to  win oul in lhc race of life.. It is  doubtful whether any of these  crilics who base lhcir criticisms  solely upon a ulilarian conception of the meaning of education havc grasped lhc real significance of child Iraining.  These first decades of the  T.wcn_ticlh_.Century _hayc__bc_cn_  the most I'ruil Jul in lhc worlfl's  history in lhe study of thc child  in his "special needs. Psychology  has in recent years discovered  lo us lhal native tendencies of  childhood and youlh. as well as  lhc laws by which the personality is unfolded and brought to  perfect I'ruilion in character. 11  is here, then, lhal we find in thc  apt words of Unit far-sighted educator. Herbert Spencer; the  real aim of education, viz., "the  unfolding of our individualities  lo lhc full." The very suggestion of such a possibility'is a  challenge lo the born Icacher,  and opens up before, him a field  of study and of service at once  fascinating and fruitful'.-in results.  Tt i.s obvious lhal, if the aim.  of education be. as staled above,  llie. unfolding of personality, in  the earlier stages, al. least, a  child cannot be educated with a  view to any particular calling or  occupation. Thai would produce a harvesi of mis.fiIs. It has  been done so in the- past, and  not only has il denied to great  numbers lhc freedom essential  to true development, but has  robbed successive generations of  the peculiar advantage of a  splendid heredity. TL is'a. well-  known, law of Eugenics that  children born of -{/"well-developed parentage will inherit in  the proportion of ten lo one the  distinguishing qualities of their  forbears. ���������������������������  Up to, and in mosl cases including the period of middle adolescence, lhe course of study,  impact of lhc teacher's personality, environment of the home  and influence of the social life  should lend toward lhe great  psychological moment in lhe  life of a child in which he becomes conscious of personality,  and co-incident with this  awakening, becomes also aware  of the call of thc future to which  hc simply, because of thc completeness of his unfoldmcnt,  cannot bc indifferent. It is at  this lime, more perhaps than at  any othcr, thai the wise teacher,  parent or guardian will seek to  guide the unfolding life through  the "maze of questionings ancl  uncertain lies in lhe midst of  which il finds 'itself, until lhc  youlh shall have made those  menial, moral aid spiritual  choices -which fullv* determine  thc character. If at this age thc  boy or girl is slill indifferent lo  lhc call of lhc future and thc responsibility it imposes, great  names are. not wauling in the  educational world to support  the declaration thai somewhere  the education has failed.  The method lhat must bc employed lo reach the goal in education becomes apparent as onc  studies the nature cf childhood.  Hitherto in education two ideas  have received enthusiastic support from maif^' teachers. One,  thai the child has at birth in  him till lhat hc ever will have,  and that therefore thc. business  of education is simply to develop or train what nature has  planted wilhin the being. The  other idea is that, in education,  thc individual is simply passive  and acts "only in response to  stimuli from environment. Here  all-yoiHiave-lo-do4s=to=improv&  the environment to get lhc desired results.  II is nol a I all likely cither of  these views will much longci^ bc  acceptable'.to the greater body  of educators. Slowly but surely  modern pedagogy is coming to  an acceptance of tbe view that  "the individual is a self-active  unif fashioned by the forces of  organic evolution; lhat is. the  individual has been developed  as'a member of a group, and  thc environment'to which he  has had'.; to adapt himself lias  been largely an environment of  his fellow beings." -All action  necessarily springs from within, but.lhc.direction of ils activity is determined in a* large  measure by the nature of lhc environment  Therefore, to realize thc goal  of education, lhc unfoldment of  personality, the educator seeks  to discover (first the innate tendencies and potentialities of the  child nature, and Ihen proceeds  .in obedience to the fundamental  laws of psycholgy to provide the  proper environment. Naturally  such a course of action would  require sweeping changes both  in courses of study and methods  employed to those in vogue aV  present Certainly the emphasis,  woluld be upon the unfolding  personality rather than upon  the vocation of life.  FOREMAN & ARMSTRONG  ARMSTRONG, B. C.  You will find the name  "Gossard"  i  I '���������������������������������������������������������������������������������        V.  X On the outside of all the front lacing corcets  y we sell, it is your guarantee of the genii uine, There is satislaction in knowing  o you are wearing a Gossard, and they cost  |J even less than many imitations.  % Prices $2.25, #2.50, $2.75 arid up to $4.00 pr.  ^  ���������������������������     ���������������������������������������������*  '.���������������������������f.-<v  m  5  5  V  i  The famous  front   laced corsets  Crompton and a; La' Grace  ���������������������������Prices,. $1,25, 1.50,1.75  to 3.50 pr.  \qssartt  Ladies'   white fine  super cotton   hose., good  quality  40c   per  pair  Children's black   rib  cotton  hose  hiOc,  35c,  aud  40c  per  pair ~  (J   Children's   Buster Brown   beach   cotton hose, all round  sizes  fi 50c per  pair !v  ?       Children's   Denial   overall  suits  good cfor   boys   or  girls  (j '������������������S1.50 suit-  fl Women's   Denim  overalls  $2.25 per pair  -  Canadian   Food  Control  License  No.   S-22.36G  I   FOREMAN  C&,  ARMSTRONG  jj 'THE STORE OF VALUE!'  Have your new  phone installed so,  as to get your name  in the new directory  to t>e published  early in September  PO IT NOW l!  Have that new heating syslcm installed or that  old onc overhauled amf pul in shape for winter.  Do nol wait until lhc fall rush comes.-  It cosls less to do il now.  Having tools of all kinds.  McCla'rv's Famous Kootenay Ranges.  Screen "Doors, Windows. Wire Netting, Hose,  Refrigerators���������������������������in fact our line of hardware is lhe  mosl'complclc in lhe counlry and our prices are  always lhc lowesl. " #  Plumbing, Healing and Tinsmithing. Mail  your orders or enquiries lo us.. They Avill receive  prompt attention.  Fulton Hardware (a  PIUMBING.HEATING TINSMITHING  ENDERBY, B. C.


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