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Authentic account of the desperate engagement between the General Washington, Alexander Boyle, Commander,… 1806

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 AUTHENTIC ACCOUNT 
OF THE 
DESPERATE ENGAGEMENT 
RETWEEN THE 
GENERAL WASHINGTON 
ALEXANDER BOYLE, COMMANDER, 
AND 
Two Tripoli Pirate-Gallies, 
IN THE MEDITERRANEAN. 
ALSO, 
THE CRUELTY OF THE PIRATES, 
AND  THE
Sufferings of Captain Bouyle and Crew, 
DURING   THEIR
CAPTIVITY IN BARBARY. 


LONDON:
PRINTED FOR CHAMPANTE & WHITROW, JEWRY-STREET, ALDGATE 
EVANS   &    SON,   LONG-LANE;    HUGHES,   LUDGATE-STREET 
J. FAIRBURN, 2, BROADWAY,  LUDGATE-HILL,  and 

R. HILL., DOROUGH.
(Price Sixpence.)  ENGAGEMENT
OF THE
GENERAL   WASHINGTON,
WITH
'I TWO BARBARY GALLIES;  ';/1|
And Sufferings of the Crew in Barbary.
THE General Washington, an American vessel
destined for Smuney, in the Archipelago, under the
command of Captain Alexander-Boyle, sailed froit
Now Orleans, situated at the mouth of the great rivei
Mississippi: they embraced the advantage of a favourable breeze, and soon gained an offing; they stretched
across the Gulph of Mexico^ and at length made Cap
Florida, then shaped their course through the Baham
Islands, and entered the Atlantic Ocean.
At times their progress was much impeded by the
Gulph weed being entangled with the bow of the ship
In the latitude of the Gulph of Florida, ships are certain ©f falling in with great quantities of this weed
floating on the surface, and sometimes occupying a
""space,of from one to three or more miles. This weed
is a harbour and food for a certain species of small
fish, which serve also a&swinnance for the flying fisb, 4
liich are constantly seen wherever this weed abounds,
i they not only find a prey but a refuge here. Tlie
fcfvA sublimity, and wonderful influence of nature,
ppear with the highest effect in those delightful scenes.
|i astonishing quantity of these flying-fish suddenly
pring from the sea, and expand their finny wings, fly
i a considerable distance,  dipping and rising again ;
Idiile pursued by a bost of enemies no less voracious
san the hungry shark.
i As they quoted the  Gulph the weed gradually de-
reased, and at length totally disappeared.    Nothing
nit sea and sky were now in view, and the gale con-
inuing brisk for several days, they crossed the Tropic
)f Cancer, in an oblique direction, and steered direct
f Jor the island of Madeira, -which in  a few days was
5 jlescried.    Here they touched and watered.    As soon
is possible they shipped, and got under weigh.    For a
lay or two the winds continued bailling ; but afber-
[ wards becoming-steady,  they were enabled, by going
Iwo points free, to run at the rate of 9 knots.
They now began to enter the Straits, but not without
fear of falling in with their sworn enemies the Barbary
corsairs. They consequently prepared to meet them in
the best manner they could, but their chief hope rested
on the keel of their vessel, their ship being a remarkable fast sailer. As they approached the Straits the
wirid headed them, and blew in squalls. They endeavoured to shun the African coast as much as possible, as they , observed several gallies lurking along
shore. HE
Haying passed the Straits, the wind began to shift, 5
9_M l|f»s| >
'S'l^.yi ~~ '"•^I'v^^i^^'P.Z^^V ' ?*^^S»JZ|
and at length settled: in a favourable point. They now
cronded- sail as much as the ship could bear ; and after
a speedy passage weathered Cape Bona-Sicilia, lying
many leagues on the larboard. They then directed,
their course for Malta.
When on the Mediterranean Passage, (between Cape
Bona and Malta) it became suddenly calm,, and they
made but little progress except by the current which is
always running upwards. In this state, they drifted
with their sails flapping. Suddenly, at night time, tl^r
man on the look-out sung out, "a sail," and on the;
approach of day-light, two large gallies, full of men?
were seen row in g towards them.
Having no time to lose, they prepared for quarters*'
Everyman was resolved to fight to the last, but the
ship not having steerage way,  they  could  not bring
their guns to bear upon them,, except the bow-chaeers?!
which were two 6-pounders :  the other six guns beingf
at that moment useless.   They however saluted them
smartly on their near approach with grape and canister
shot, which made  great havoc among them.    The-
leading galley  ran them right onboard, and carried
away their spritsail-yard.    A part of her crew boarded
the American ship immdiately, but were a& quickly
repelled backward.    Many of those desperate wretches
who escaped the sword, now found a watery grave-
As the   galley   now   became   entangled   with  the
Waahington's bows, and swinging b^adside too,  t&
former hjad an opportunity of pouring in a greater
number of men;   and the second galley having ap*
ja-®afched by this time, ran the Washington <m boaxd;
A. % I •£ the quarter, by which means her force was divided.
j   The crew notwithstanding made a noble resistance, and
ji great slaughter among them.    The infidels at last des-
j: perately rushed on board# headed ljy their chief, who
1  stepped on tbe cat-head, and at the same instant snap-
p ped his pistol at the narrator, which happily missed
)  fire.    He then made a blow at him with his sabre,
jr which he dexterously parried off, and plunging for-
I ward with a short boarding-pike, thrust, the weapon
through his body,    He fell back into his own galley
ji a corpse.
I      The rest of the crew defending the quarter, from the
i   loss of several of their brave companions, (who were
>   either killed or desperately wounded) began now to
I   give way ; and the pirates, enraged at the fall of their
chief, attacked with such fury, and such numbers, the
*  few remaining brave fellows that were left,  that the
unfortunate Americans were obliged to retreat to the
»   hatchway,  and   seek   shelter below  from their vile
i   assassins.     Resistance was now of no avail.     They
solicited quarter,  which was  granted,—not from   a
i   principle of humanity, to which their savage breast*
«   are a stranger,  but from a hope of plunder,-—from a
&' desire to increase the misery of the surviving wretches,
<   and enrich themselves by disposing of them for slaves.
They were now ordered to come on deck, one by
one, when their hands were tied behind their backs,
1   and in this manner they were dismissed.    This was no
sooner done, than they heard a great bustle and confu-
1   tion among the pirates, the cause of which was occasioned by the galley's plunging   against them with prodigious violence. It seems, when she first boarded
the General Washington, she had started a plank forwards, and otherwise materially injured her bows.
They however found means to stop the leaks, and then
set to at the pumps, which soon freed her.
These savages having now secured all their prisoners,
and divided them, it was our correspondent's lot to be
put on board the galley which had received the injury*
He was immediately recognized to be the person who
had killed their captain in his own defence, and wasf
consequently treated with a greater degree of barbarity.
He was inhumanly driven to the chains which were
intended to fetter him, and when lashed like a dog, he
was spumed and spit at by all the piratical crew. This
cruel treatment he bore with silent resignation, but not
without the most painful and indignant sensations.
The weather still continuing calm, the two galleys
shot a-head, and took the prize in tow. As she was
heavy laden, they were obliged to treble man^ and the
current running contrary to their destined port, the
rowers from the excessive fatigue of the oar were quite
exhausted, and soon began to drop. The chains of
the captives were now ordered to be knocked off, and
they were placed as substitutes for the rowers. For
several hours these poor wretches dragged with all
their strength, being thereto compelled by the lash.
They were stripped oY their shirts, their backs severely
galled, weak for want of nourishment, and exhausted
with toil and severity. The sighs and groans which
nature uttered, had no effect on these barbarians.
Providentially a breeze sprung up, which continuing    I
J to incfease 9 it was no longer necessary nor safe to row ;
so they cast off, and as it was still favourable, they
were ordered to lie on their oars ; which timely relf-f-f
was to our poor sufferers exceedingly acceptable.
The elements now began to gather, and as the evening drew on a violent gale arose, which with the rough-
ness of the sea permitted them no longer to use their
oars. There was every appearance of a heavy storm,
which accordingly took place. The night became
exceedingly dark ! they soon lost sight of the other
galley and prize^ and as the sea increased, the leaks of
the-galley, which had not been sufficiently fortified,
gained upon them in a most alarming degree. All
efforts to preserve the galley were- ineffectual; she was
rapidly going down!
They how began to clear their boat and to hoist her
out, which was .accordingly done. As many as the
boat could hold, got in, which was about one half of
the crew ; the remainder were obliged to take their
chance with our correpondent in the sinking galley.
They saw no more of the boat ; and in a few
minutes the sea made a breach over ike leaky vessel
^here our author was, whose thoughts were at this
moment so much employed for his own preservation,
that he paid little or no attention to the transactions of
his fellow-sufferers. Of this most interesting part of
our narrative, we shall give our correspondent^ account in his own words :—
11 fortunately could swim remarkably well, having
had great practice in the early part of my life ; but
after long struggling,  I considered all my efforts as jinefleetual. The sea ran tremendously high at ilfb
moment. Something was driven against me, which
turned out to be one of the oars which, a few hours
before, was the occasion of so much fatigue to me.
I happily grasped and clung to it. It gave me wonderful support: by the assistance of this and my own
skill in swimming, I was enabled to encounter the
waves for some time; but I was driven at their mercy,
and nearly rendered insensible, when ft severe shock
(which I suddenly received) roused me from this kind
of lethargy which had come over me. I scrambled
and caught hold of some weeds, which I held with a
death-like grasp. u A drowning man will catch at a
straw," is an old but true proverb. At length repeated
surges drove me and the weeds (which I still continued
to hold fast) over some small rocks, which bruised me
exceedingly in several parts. Those rocks. &pw_ypr.
Served as a barrier to the fury of the sea, they broke
the force of the waves, and enabled me to crawl to the
craggy shore, which after many painful efforts I effected.
661 now remained above the reach of the sea, worn
Out with fatigue from my bruises, hunger, thirst,
and cold. At last my senses we^j benumbed like my
body, and I fell into a death-like sleep.
4CI did not rouse from this torpid state until the
following mid-day, and probably never should, had it
not been for the happy influence' of the sun, who
darted his genial rajs upon me, and gradually rekindled life and animation. |f|
I When I awoke, I stared with inexpressible surprise JO
$'''J^'i%^__&K_WP_V_'f_K %'■ *£'"■ ''•'"'tyfZ*. '    ^
and horror at the surrounding prospect;  the clouds!
indeed were dissipated,  but the gradually-subsiding
surge lashed the  shore, and exhibited many  of myj
poor mangled shipmates stretche.l and breathless onf
the beach !    This to a mind susceptible   of  feeling
was a piercing sight.    I shed abundance of tears, which
relieved my sinking spirits,> and summoning all thja
strength and fortitude I could, at intervals I conveyed
each of them above the reach of the sea^ and covered
them over with sea-weeds.
Ci Having paid this last respect to my deceased companions, I began to feel the want of nou|ffshment.    I
had now fasted nearly two days and a half.    I did nqm
wander far before 1 found some shell-fish,  which had
been thrown up in great  quantities by the violence of
the late gale.    They had a most delicious flavour, an$-.
I fared sumptuously on them.    I was equally well supplied with water, for the rains 'which Met accomp^p^^
tlie storm   had  filled the cavities of the rocks, and
afforded me ample draughts.
" I passed the evening and greater part of the following night with little rest, and full of the most painful and gloomy reflections on my present situation and
late disasters. At brc,*k of day, however, I was much
more composed, and began to be somewhat reconciled
to the little spot which had preserved me, trusting the
time might come when Providence would further befriend me, or suffer me to breathe mv last in quietness
on the rock; for even death I thought preferable to a
life of slavery, particularly among cruel and barbarous
men.
I 11
"1 remained here three days, and solaced myself in
this forlorn situation with having escaped the barbarians ; but all of a sudden 1 lost even this consolation
by the unwelcome sight of  a  sail heaving round the
rock, which I soon descried to be the other galley that
had come in quest of her consort. | On approaching
the rock, the pirates observed pieces  of the wreck ;
they accordingly hoisted  out their boat,  and getting
unfler the lee of the rock,  they landed in smooth
water. '|V^
m As soon as I perceived the galley, I sought for a
hiding place, but in vain; the rock, if I may so call
if, offered none. Its circumference was about 600
yards, and it was almost wholly covered with coarse
sand and shells, except the summit, where I found the
rain water. A project immediately entered my head,
for necessity is indeed the mother of invention. I
crawled, on my hands (unperceived) near the water's
edge, and stretched myself at full length on my face,
affecting to have been drowned- The pirates soon
began to explore the beach,, and observing several
heaps of weeds turned up, particularly examined
them, and were not a little surprised at discovering thfe
graves of my companions. As these interments were
evidently the work of human hands, they renewed their
search, and at last perceived me stretched as a feigned
corpse near the water. Having turned me face upwards, they found that I was warm, and that I also
breathed. They now gave me several shakes, and
bestowed some hard kicks on me, which obliged me to
lay aside the counterfeit of death.    I was immediately A *-»?
conveyed on board, and interrogated about the wreck.
This information was communicated to them by mean*
of a Portuguese renegado, who had long been in tM
service of the pirates, and who understood and could
speak English tolerably well.
I As soon as the pirates, by means of this interpreter,!
were apprised of all the particulars relative to their
lost vessel3 they steered for Tripoli, where they arrived
in the course of four days. In the interim, I learned
from the renegado, that it had been agreed between the
two gallies, in case a separation took place in the;
night, or by means of a storm, they should make for ai
small island in the gulph of Mahomet. Here theyf
accordingly touched, but not finding the other galley
proceeded in quest of her, and at length, judging she
was irrecoverably lost, the search was discontinued.
" It is impossible, but I presume unnecessary, for me
to describe the satisfaction I felt in seeing and conversing with my fellow shipmates ; or to paint the
mutual distress which pervaded, when I imparted to
them the melancholy fate of the rest of our crew.
ii Being now anchored in the harbour, we reraainei
on board the galley four days longer; during whicli
time my mind was become considerably composed;
the surrounding objects which frequently drew my at-j
tention, gave ample employ to my mind, that mustj
otherwise have been distressed with the bitterest sorrow.
" The situation of the harbour w here we lay was o|
the sea-coast, the entrance to which is very narrow, and
forms a bason, which  could contain many vessels,
9
_J> 13
The town is surrounded with a very high and strong
wall, and is further strengthened in many parts witn
bulwarks and other fortifications. There are but two
gates or entrances to the town, one on the south side,
goin£ out to tbe main land, and one on the north, by
the haven* Adjoining to these gates are two forts, that
on the north securing the haven, which is exceedingly
commodious and pleasant. The houses and the streets
are remarkably clean, the latter being paved. There
is one prison or masmora for Christian slaves, besides
many mosques, and three or four hospitals. The hospitals appear to be in a very decayed state. There is
also attached to these mosques two or three high steeples, with a flag-staff or pole on each.
"At the expiration of the fourth day, accounts
reached Tripoli of the loss of the prize, and all hands
on board except three : the pirates not being sufficiently
skilled in tactics, and the English manner of rigging,
could not manage ifte ship, she therefore run at the
mercy of the tfform, and soon was dashed to pieces on a
rocky lee-shore.
" The disappointment and rage which now filled the
breasts of the pirates were very glaring. The loss of
so valuable a prize was a calamity which sorely afflicted
these barbarians. The galley soon became in an uproar, and nothing tfas to be heard but the most vile
jargon and execrations,—not even MJSiomet escaped
the lash of these infidels.
fP The moment now arrived when my unfortunate
shipmates and myself were conveyed  on shore, and
■■sold without distfhetioh.    It was* my lot to be pur-
Gencral Washington,]      b f
14
I
chased by a Jew merchant, who immediately hired me
out by the daj-,  with many others, to  drag stones for
if if    J */ J \_j
the repairs of tlie town walls, which had received
considerable damage by the late storms,, particularly
Jthe part which lay next to the sea, which was almost
•ntireiy inundated and swept away. This new employment lasted for a considerable time, and was to me
exceedingly galling; the immense weight of the pieces
cf rocks whicl^ I had to draff, encumberei bv m?
chains* and the excessive heat of the sun, were mqpe
than.I could bear. Whenever I was tempted to alleviate my relaxed frame by resting, I was instantly compelled by the galling lash fo resume the heart-breaking
toil.
" Having at length finished the repairs of the wall,
my Jew.master, not finding immediate employ forme,
sold me again to a native merchant who was immensely
rich. I was now obliged to carry water, remove the
dust of the place, convey the merchandize to warehouses, and perform all manner of drudgery, yet seldom received for all/ny labour a kind look or a civil
word. My consequential master woul$ frequently ride
into the country on horseback, accompanied by his
beautiful daughter, seated on a mule in a four-square
box, or frame-work, drawn round with curtains, and
the whole .covered with a kind of canopy. During
these excursions, my employ was to drive the mule,
an occupation which I was not averse to, as it tended
more to exercise than fatigue me. At' other times I
attended my young mistress to the mosques, for in this
country the people go to their_sala five times a day, 15
that is, at d^-br^Kk^ which is called cahafr; at noon,
called dohor ; in- the  afternoon at four, called lazas ;4
at six or seven,* called ma^arepe ; and at two in the
_>     j.
night,   called ledtrmar.    Few, however, resort at all5 j
times but the most zealous, none being compelled to it.
Thc;f have no bells, clocks, or dials ;  and  when they
call the people to their devotions, certain officers appointed for that pttrpOse only "go up to the battlements
of an hig_fc steeple, and'upon a wooden pole set up a
flag.    This dpne, the lman9 or Marabou^ as he is
styled, turns himself to the south, because Mecca lies
that way, then stopping his fingers in his ears, he cries
out with a loud voice, JLahilla La Mahomet h9 ressoul
Allah ; that is,  God is God, and Mahomet is his prophet,
u Friday is their Sabbath-|fay, called by them Di*
ftianche, when most of them'go to the mosques, especially in the afternoon. During service no work is
performed, and all the shop-windows are shut; but
when the sain is concluded, they are opened again, and
every one applies to his business. They use coral
beads of an equal size, and in number a hundred, upon
which they say many times Stafa JLah> which is God
bless me.
Instead of images in their mosques, they have six
hundred lamps sometimes placed in a row; near to
which stands a great cloister or hermitage, wherein the
Iman or -Marabon dwells. The people when at their
sala repeat the same words with the priest, and in their
gestures imitate him. At their entrance into the
mosque they put off their shoes, kiss the ground and 16
wash their mouths, noses, the soles of their feet, and
other parts, whereby they believe that the pollutions
of the soul are purified and cleansed. During their
stay at the mosque, they must not dare to spit or cough,
or even so much as speak one to another ; and only
when it is absolutely necessary they sit upon the floor
one by another upon matts of date or palm trees. The
women are not permitted to come to the mosque, lest
by sight of them the men should fall into unclean
thoughts : they therefore commonly perform their de-
votioi|p at home.
u They keep a feast, which they call Ramadan^
which continues a whole month; during which time
they never eat or drink from morning to the close of
the eyening. The Marabon then goes to the steeple,
and by his accustomed noise gives them leave to eat.
This fast is so highly esteemed, that they will not
touch a morsel during its celebration ; even the very
corsairs and pirates observe the ramaclan at sea, and
though the renegadoes do not so strict|y bind themselves to it, yet if they are known to neglect it, receive
an hundred or more strokes on the bottom of their ieet9
a punishment called the basiinadq.
f The priests are of two sorts, santons and marabouts%
the chief of whom is called moufti, who resides in the
city, and hears and determines all ecclesiastical causes.
The marabouts are/in great numbers about the mosques,
Jmburbs, and open fields, where they live as recluses or
hermits in cells, and for whom the natives bear so great
an esteem and reverence, that they flee to them as to ■m
sanotutiries, let the crime be ever so great which they
have com mi tied 1
"Among these devotees there are some ytho lead a
strange, and unusual life, their imaginations being
sometimes so wrought with phrenzy, hat they rove
about bare-footed and bare-legged in a ragged coat and
staff, with whiGh they strike whomever they may
chance to meet; and these can I blows are always
esteemed great blessings, the receiver being fully persuaded that thereby all his sins are remitted, which
superstitious notion renders them completely happy*
I* Their houses are in general meanly furnished j?
they use maitrasses instead of beds, which' they, Ihy
upon a boarded floor, and sleep in their drawers ot
calsoons. They use no chairs, stools, or tables, but
hang their clothes upon pins in the wall*. People of
loistketion sit at meals and all other times upon piecet
of tapestry cross-legged on the ground, but their inferiors have a great m^tt made of the leaves, of a date or
palm tree.
" The men wear next theirrskin a large linen frock
and drawers, over which a* loose coat of cloth or silk,
buttonea before with great gold or silver buttons, and
which hangs down almost to the knees; their sleeved
cover only their elbows, so that turning up their shirts
upon them, $beir arms are for the most part nakecL
Instead of stockings^ the great men of the court anl
other people of quality, sometimes wear small Turkey
leather buskins:. They shave all their hair off except
a little Jock which they let grow upon the crown of
their heads, by which they imagine Mahojcet ahall
B    _________w_w_____Y~-~'^im I
18
I
B-
I       J
pull thenr lip to Paradise, (as the angels they say
brought Habbakuk to Daniel in the lions' den).
Some cut off the whole beard, reserving only two large
mustachios ; those however who are stricken in years
wear their beards long, but cut round. They use,
turbans made of red wood, wound up in a piece of
cotton five or six yards long ; their slippers, which
turn up at the toe, are made of yellow or red leather,
shod under the heel with iron. They take their slippers off at the door of any house they enter, this being
deemed a great mark of civility. They wear at their
gijirclles three knives, two great and one small, in a silver
scabbard a foot long, adorned with turquois stones,
so rich, that sometimes they stand them in above a
hundred eprees.
" The women are habited almost like the men, only -
that they have a fine linen cloth on their heads instead
of a turban. The rich sort commonly wear five or six
pendants in each ear, with bracelets of jewels on their
arms, and silk garments. They paint the ends of their
fingers blue, with an herb called by them gueva.
When they prepare to walk in the streets, they throw
over them a cotton cloak which entirely covers then*
and hangs down to their feet. They also tie a string of
pelbrls upon their foreheads, and a fine kerchief before
their eyes, so that they cannot be known as they go up
and down the streets. They are very particular in
ipeautifying themselves ; they not only paint their eyebrows and eye-lids, but also their hair bla<&, with
burnt antimony. p; ■ ■§■ t.j& J;/-   Hi 4   *; *   ;•
v ."TJieir usual food is rice, curions, mutton, veal*
beef, and fowl. Whenever they slaughter any beast,
they say over each, / kill thee in the name of God;
then turning themselves to the south, they cut the
throat quite through, like the Jews, that it may bleed
freely, else they count it unclean, and must not eat of
it. Their drink at meals is either clear water, or sherbet,
for wine is forbidden them by the alcoran,
w In the morning, when tradesmen and merchants
meet about business, they go to the public coffee-houses
and drink sherbet, this liquor being a great favourite
among them. They smoke abundantly of tobacco,
and pass a considerable part of their time at those
houses. Instead of a table-cloth they use red Turkey
leather carpets ; they wipe theirv fingers on their
handkerchiefs instead of napkins, except at solemn
festivals, when the great people wipe them on a blue
cloth fixed to the carpet. Their cups and dishes are
mostly of tin or earth, as none are permitted, but by
great fayor, tg use gold or silver vessels except the
Cadi. -JJhcir liquid food they take with wooden
spoons a foot long.
u Gaming is unlawful among them, so that they
never play at dice, cards, ball^, bowls, or any other
fport; sometimes indeed they will plagjr a game at
chess, but not for mojiey.
H>" As I had many opportunities of being abroad, I
now and then met with some of my shipmates, particularly those who had been sold to the planters or
farmers, a small distance from the town ; one or more
of jthese I was certain of seeing on the market-day, as part of their employ was to eonv<£y- burthens of the
produce of tbe country to the market. It must
naturally be supposed, that, on such occasions, we
lightened our hearts by sympathizing one with the
other. j|j|
"Such  was my steady behaviour and attention to
business, that I soon gained the confidence of my master.    He frequently had bccasion for my attendance
upon him abroad :   it happened  one  of these times
that the merchants were summoned to a sale of slaves,
which turned out to be the crew of a Portuguese po-
lacre, just brought into the harbour.    I was informed
j that the crew of the polacre made a desperate resist**
jlance, which occasioned the death of their captain and
j one half of their crew ;   the remaining part seemed til-
be young and healthy meir, therefore brought a good
[price in the market.    My master and two other merchants bought six of the youngest, whom I was order-
cd to convey to the prison, followed by the merchants
and my master, where it was found necessary t&deposit
tthem until they had farther decided on their purchase.
"Early on the following morning, I was ordered to
the prison to convey the six men to my master's house.
I waited on the head gaoler, who accompanied me into
prison. On our approach, we found the outer gate
wide open, and on our p»oceeding onwards to the next
door, the first object which struck me was the under-
gaoler lying stretched dead and weltering in Ills gore I
Being alarmed at this sight, we hastily withdrew to
the outer gate and called for assistance i which haying 21
obtained we again entered the prison, but found that
the six men had made their escape. By this time the
news had reached my master, who immediately went
on foot to make a strict search. As none of the vessels
or boats were missed from the harbour, it was evident
that the run-aways were still on shore : and this proved
to be the case. On a close search along the coast,
they were at length found on the evening of the third
day hidden amongst the rocks close to the sea, waiting
an opportunity to seize on the first boat they could
find.      Igg j     ii
I" The prisoners having now been brought back, they
were immediately ordered before the Cadi, and after m
very short examination, the ringleader of them was
ordered for execution the next day. As it is a general
rule for all the slaves to be sent to such exhibitions in
order to warn them, my master was not backward in
sending his, particularly as he was so deeply interested.
"At the appointed time there was a vast concourse
of people assembled, and 1 found myself much gratified at meeting with several of my countrymen and
shipmates. We sincerely deplored the melancholy
■Ruse which occasioned this vast assemblage and at
the same time the consequences which might attend us
in any struggle for our liberty, should the recovery of
it be ever attempted. fifi
" The workmen having now finished the platform
where the unhappy culprit was to suffer, a frame of wood
like a gallows was exhibited. The awful sceng, now
approached.   As soon as the malefactor ascended the ■*/W=
1
i
ri
plat town, he was ordered to climb tip the ladder with
the executioner,  who, thrusting a large sharp hook
through one of his hands, fitli% liim thereby to tfij^
top of the gallows, fastened by a strong iron chain.
.The ladder was then placed on the other side, where
also the wretched culprit was dragged up by a hook:
similar to thtft which held his hand, an&Hfrhich was
drove through tlie sole of his foot, and fastened also
by a chain.    In this inhuman and barbarous torture'
«te poor man was suspended, who consequently lingered away in the most inexpressible torments.
" The barbarity of these infidels had wound up my
feelings almost to a degree of phrenzy.    I had now
made up my mind as to the consequences, and was
resolved to seek every opportunity to leave this abominable country.    I  considered this to be a fit time to -
reveal my thoughts to my companions, who-, with one
accord, assented to the bold essay.    We devised many
plans, but one in particular  seemed  to be most approved.    We had received orders to attend the following day at the place of execution, when another wretch
was doomed to undergo the fatal sentence.    To behold
such another distressing scene, would indeed have-been
heart breaking tc^us all;  but the opportunity which
it afforded to undertake our stratagem was not to be
overlooked.   We accordingly met at. aa earlier hour
the next morning, when, on farther consultation, one
of the party proposed that we should attempt to escape
as soon as possible : he acquainted us that adjacent to
IBs master's country house, (wht&h lay five miles from
^ftipbli, and one mile frojn the sea-coast) he was always m
employed in gardening and digging,  except when he
was sent to Tripoli with the produce of his labour;
and that he was  well acquainted writh  a small creek
near his master's 4iouse, at the top of which were two
or three small huts occupied by fishermen, who always
moored their boats during night time close to the huts,
and for a safe-guard had a large dog chained on board
her, as the men always slept on shore.   He therefore
proposed to poison the dog that evening, to prevent
his giving an alarm.    This seemed a  very flattering
proposal, and all unanimously agreed to/it^;  but, on
reflection, seven men rushing into an open boat without
food, water, or other necessaries, having also a vast
sea to contend with,  and which, in all probability,
they must encounter for many days, threw a momentary damp upon our spirits.    At length a thought struck
35$ae, the present day being the last of August, and the
approaching 5th of September being the great festival
of the Prophet Mahomet, for which the greatest preparations wete then making, I proposed that every
man should save from his allowance of food each day a
certain portion, and deposit it in a secret place.
" As this feast of the prophet would be a general
holiday, there was no doubt but that all classes of
^people would be deeply absorbed in their religious
^duties ; and it was equally certain, that the fishermen
vbefore- mentioned would come to Tripoli that day.
All my shipmates declared these remarks to be very
*jaist, and readily consented to he guided by me. 1
' c A certain place at some distance from the town, and     1
a certain hour, were now appointed for our meeting. 24
I
I    I
II-  IJ
m
ii      !
The place which was fixed upon for this private interview, in order to put our stratagem into execution, was
generally approved on account of its remoteness and
privacy. In the interim, each promised to save all
the provisions and necessaries which he could, in order
to make a general stock. This consultation over, and
matters being thus settled, the unfortunate Portuguese
seaman who was the subject of this second execution,
began his lamentations and struggles. He seemed to
"bear his fate with less resignation than the other, and
the executioner was obliged to have recourse to com-
pulsion before he submitted to his fate. It was supposed that these two men who suffered were those who
had committed the murder; but as there was no fa_r
trial this was alia matter of conjecture. The judges
of this arbitrary government sentence whom they
please: some are punished whether guilty or not, as
examples to the rest, and when they think it expedient
that an example should be made, those chiefly are
selected for that purpose who are the least serviceable
to their masters, or with whom their masters are very
willing to part.
"As soon as this unhappy man had ceased struggling, and was by death released from his torments,
which was near sun-set, the spectators began to disperse, but the corpse was left to hang until a particular hour the next day ; it being the rule that all the
bodies of those who suffer in this manner, shall be
exposed so many hours, for the purpose of rendering the punishment more exemplary.
"My shipmates and I having shaken hands witM General Washington.^ c
.-fir     T   ' ''.   fr "1 ■   " >ffi||;' •' -
great cordiality now parted, full of the pleasing hope
of soon quitting this place of barbarity, and beholding
once more our native country, the land of liberty and
civilization.
"Every hour seemed a month until the happy day,
the 5th of September, arrived ; on which evening, at!
the time and place appointed, we punctually met, and
proceeded with all speed to the creek which had been
mentioned by one of my companions.
"Having boldly entered the huts, we found in them
only two old women, and a child about ten years old,
the rest having all gone to 'the sala. as we expected.
The women, alarmed.at our intrusion, and conscious it
•seems of our design, fell on their faces to the earth and
o     f -—
prayed aloud for mercy. The child, who seemed the
most courageous, was making dexterously towards the
door, but having stopt this little one's egress, 'who
would in all probability-have "given the alarm, ahd
thereby defeated our project, I held her in my arms,
while my companions began to soothe the old women,
assuring them, that if they made no noise, they should
meet with no harm. 1 also kept the child quiet with
the same assurances. Prudence however obliged us
to secure these females with cords, and while in the
act of tying them together, we were promising to behave with the greatest chili/<y and kindness. Thus
having prevented any alarm, we began to supply ourselves with whatever necessaries lay in our way \ \ve
found some black bread and several dried fish, and
having seized these, we hastened to the boat.
&.1
J '■2ft
" I now recollected the dog which was left to guard
f the boat, and began to think we might find him a dis-
|j agreeable antagonist. As I thought he was acquainted
with the child, I deemed it adviseable to bring her
with me in my arms, and by this means obtain the
creature's favour. The child, however, was unwilling
to come with me, but having removed her fears by
repeated assurances of my care, which were confirmed
by several kisses, she remained quiet. Thus prepared,
I entered the boat first, and made the child speak to
the dog, which immediately rendered the creature kind
and quiet: he was fastened to a long chain, which I
loosed, and seizing an opportunity, threw him overboard. My companions now joined me, and I desired
the child to return to her friends, and relieve them
from their bondage. Having set her. on shore for this
purpose, we shoved the boat off. The dog swam |p
shore and joined the child, who remained for some
time where we had left her, watching our motions.
Indeed, this little girl expressed much satisfaction at
being able to assist us, and by her smiles and manners
seemed to congratulate us upon our escape.
" Fortunately we found a cask of water in the boat,
which held about 9 gallons, and which proved of
considerable service to us. We rowed a considerable
distance before a breeze sprung up: at length meeting
with a propitious gale, we set sail, and shaped our
course for Malta, where we arrived twelve days after
exceedingly fatigued and exhausted.
"Here we providentially found a^ ship bound for
England, on board of which we took our passage, the ?* i ■&   «■«
eaptain readily accepting of our services for the same.
Nothing remarkable occurred during our voyage ;
suffice it then to say, that we reached our native coun-
try in safety; with the blessings of which we were
now deeply impressed, in consequence of the severities
we had so recently endured in another.
, KM.ni •■* tlt> Hi »
_r/Sv\'.
W3_r
«1
^^__wMM
q__K3i
Hi
:
is lilt
;.- '-.■^■ijM-;-   PREADFUL MASSACRE
OF
CAPTAIN OLIVER PORTER, & THE
^> m
i P
*V* »    5 T>
V
OF THE ATAHUALPA,
K
-^W >BY THE NORTH AMERICAN INDIANS,
J % In the Year 1805.
M
THE Ataliiialpa, of Boston, left that port in August,
.1803, bound to the north-west coast of America, for
,the purpose of trading with the natives. She arrived
safe on the coast in the month of January, 1S04; and,
after visiting the several islands, and purchasing skins,
on the 5th June, 1805, weighed anchor from Chockcoe
on the N. W. coast, and made sail. On the 8th,
arrived at Millbank Sound, and came to an anchor
Within musket-shot of the village. Soon after her arrival, the chief of the Indians, by the name of liiete,
came off to the ship, with some more of his bribe, ami
another tribe that was there, and traded very briskly
till towards night, when, becoming very insolent, they
were all turned out of the ship.
On the 13th, Kiete and his tribe came on board in
the morning, and seemed -much more desirous to trade
than before, which Captain Porter was very glad to
see. The chief mate, and two of the ship's company,
were then engaged in ripping the main-sail in pieces,
on the quarterdeck ; the second mate with two hands,
repairing the main-top sail; two on the starboard side ,.-;-;.<  «'■•.'■   ..;-•...■
-•'-~--C. A/c? .-      >>—•*"•>''•"-, j.-.-Vf-?:^  .        ?*j«^*?i«-'' V^;'. v-V^-jy        ?f*''S>:-*i'f>''
_W£$£< ■-'■:Mk>' -' '&'#% mm
II 29
of the main-deck, spinning spun yarn; two more on
the forecastle, making sinnet; two more on the larboard side of the main-deck, running shot in the armourer's forge; the cooper was making tubs; the
cook, and captain's steward in the galley, at their duty 5
and all hands, as usual, employed on the ship's duty;
the armourer was in the steerage, and the boatswain in
the cabin; Captain Porter, Mr. Ratstraw, his clerk,
and Mr. Lyman Plummer, (nephew of Theodore Ly*
man, Esq. of Boston, ship's owner), were standing on
the larboard side of the quarter-deck, abreast of the
cabin hatchway. The chief, Kiete, stood leaning on
the rail, and called Captain Porter to look at the skins
that were in a canoe, alongside the ship ; the captain
accordingly went to look over the side, when the chief J
with some more Indians, laid hold of him, and gave a
shout: immediately all the Indians alongside of the
canoes, and those on board, armed with daggers*, pistols, pikes, and other weapons, seized every man on
deck, who were totally unprepared for so sudden an
attack. A most dreadful and sanguinary contest immediately took place | when, after a short but bloody
engagement of about five minutes, the deck was completely cleared of thern.
There were about two hundred Indians, it is sup
posed, on board at this time ; the first daggered Captain Porter several times in the back, put him in 1
canoe, alongside, and carried him on shore; and, as
we were afterwards informed by Captain Smith, oi
the ship Mary, of Boston, who was informed by the
New Hecta tribe, was by them tied to a tree, in whicH
^mm^t^mm___________________^_____ , ._'   . . t___
.__—_.-^_..... _- .   n_aii"r ■ 30 §1
unhappy and miserable situation he languished fifteen
days,  refusing every species of nourishment  offered
him by these savages, occasioned by his grief at this
j unhappy accident.
Provious to this fatal business4, there were twenty-
1three hands on board; ten of whom were barbarously
l|killed, and nine wounded. Amongjt&e killed are Cap-
Itain Oliver Porter; Mr. John Hill, chief mate; Daniel
IGoodiug, second mate ; John iG. Ratstraw, captain's
fclerk; Mr. Lyman Plummer, Peter bhooner, Luther
jfLapham, Samuel Laphan* seamen; Isaac Lammes,
Jcooper; and John Williams, cook. Mr. Lyman
iJPlummer survived about two hours after he was
Iwounded. The cook, who was most shockingly cut
land mangled, languished till about six o'cIock. the
■text morning.
Among the wounded were Ebenezer Baker, seaman,
Pjmost dangerously, with daggers, he having two stabs
fjin his left thigh,  one in his privates,  one in his back,
|jone in his breast, and one in his neck ; Henry Thompson, seamen, very dangerously,   with daggers,  having
ijone wound on his right side, one on the left shoulder,
'another on the left arm, and two or three smaller ones
km the same arm, one on the righi temple, and another
on the left cheek ;   Ebenezer   Williams, seaman,  had
Ithree wounds in his thigh, with daggers,—two on his
Jback, and one on the right shoulder, with a boarding
iipike;   Luke  Bates, seaman, wounded  on his right
^shoulder with a boarding pike;   Joseph  Robinson,
carpenter, wounded on the left breast;  Thomas Ed*-
\wardsj steward, stabbed on the left shoulder;   W. 31
Walker had two stabs, with daggers, in the small of
his back.
After the deck   was   cleared of  these sanguinary
savages,  several guns were fired at the village, the
sails  were loosened, stream cable cut,  and the ship
put to sea.    The same night they got under weigh, j
seven large war canoes hove in sight, with about thirty
Indians in each.    In this deplorable condition, with]
only four or five hands on board capable of duty, the
Atahualpa shaped her course for New Heita;  but the
wind chopping round, put about, and stood to the!
westward.
On the 17th, it was thought time to bury the
dead, when, after having sewed them up, and got!
them re^ady for interment, prayers were read. They J
were then buried in Queen Charlotte's Sound.
It cannot be ascertained, with any degree of accu-l
racy, how many of the Indians were killed in this!
dreadful contest. It is supposed, however, that the!
number must have exceeded forty ; for a large canoej
being under the ship's bow, with about twenty Indians!
in her, who were cutting a cable, a swivel and several!
muskets were fired into her, and but one Indian cached the shore. %M
During the conflict with the savages, there were two
barrels ol powder unheaded, and a loaded pistol pre-
-pared and given to^ person who stood ready, should
they get into the cabin, and secure to themselves the]
ship, to fire into it, and blow the whole up, preferring
to die in that manner rather than fall into the hands ol
such joaereiless savages. Interesting Aecdzint
OF
%: '^THE   SHIPWRECK|'"'f::;
AND SUBSEQUENT
MELANCHOLY FATE OF MACHIN,
DISCOVERER  OF   MADEIRA.
It was in the glorious reign of Edward the Third,
I of England, says Mr. Clarke, in his Progress of Mari-
jj time Discovert/, that Robert a Machin, a gentleman of
I the second degree of nobility, whose genius was only
I equalled by his gallantry and courage, beheld and loved
I the beautiful Anna d'Arfet.    Their attachment was
[mutual;  but the pleasing indulgence of ardent hope
| gratified and betrayed their passion.    The pride of
J the illustrious family of d'Arfet rendered them insen<-
[Jsible to the happiness of their daughter; they pre-
I ferred the indulgence of ambition to the voice of duty
and love.    The feudal tyranny of the age was friendly
■ to their cruel design;  and a warrant from the king
seemed to justify the vanity of the parent.   The conso-
j lation of an ingenuous mind supported Machin in confinement ; its energy thus compressed, sought only for
redress;   nor did it yield to despondency, when, on
jbeing delivered from prison, hp found that the inno- S3
cent cause of his persecution had been forced to marry
a nobleman, who l^ad carried her to his castle near
Bristol. The friends of Machin made his misfortune
v their own : and one of them had the addressr to be in-
trodneed, under the character of a groom, to the service of the afflicted Anna. The prospect of the ocean,
which, during their rides, extended before them, suggested or matured the plan of escape; and the probability of a secure asylum was opposed to the dangers
of a passage to the cGast of France. Under pretence
of receiving benefit from the sea air, tfie victim of
parental ambition was enabled, without delay, to
elude suspicion, whilst Machin, in the successful
completion of his anxious design, was equally insensible to the particular season of the year, or the
portentous appearance of the weather, which, in calmer
moments, he would have duly observed.
" The  gradual rising of a gale of wind rendered
—- o _>
the astonishedrfugitives sensible of their rashness : 'as
the tempest approached, the thick darkness of night
completed the horror of the scene. In their confusion
the intended port was missed, or could not be reached s
their vessel drove at the mercy of the winds ; and in
the morning thejj found themselves in the midst ot an
unknown ocean, without the skill that could determine
their situation, or the experience that could direct their
course.    The dawn of twelve mornings returned with-
_>
out the sight of land : when, at length, after a night
of increased anxiety, as they eagerly watched the
earliest streaks of day, an object beamed on the horizon :  continual disappointment produced a querulous ■^B • ♦' • "c____f
despondency; whilst they alternately believed jp9S
doubted, the thick grey haze was dispersed by the
rising sun, and a general burst of joy welcomed the
certainty of land. A luxuriancy of trees was soon,
visible, to whose appearance they were utter strangers;
and the beautiful plumage of unknown birds, who
came in flocks from the island, gave at first the semblance of a dream to their astonishing deliverance.
" The boat being, hoisted out to examine the coast,
returned with a favourable account. Machin and his
friends accompanied their trembling charge, leaving
the rest to secure the vessel. The wildness of the
adjacent country possessed additional charms to men
escaped from destruction; and the rich scenery of
Madeira was again beheld, after a lapse of many
centuries, by the eyes of Europeans. The island of
Madeira was not only visited by the Romans, but pro*
bably hy the Normans, those skilful navigators, of
whose discoveries we know so little; who preceded
the Portuguese, and followed the Arabians in nautical
skill. An opening in the extensive woods, that was
encircled with laurels and flowering shrubs, presented
a deligthful retreat; a venerable tree, the growth of
ages, offered, on an adjoining eminence, its welcome
shade ; and the first moments of liberty were employ-
ed-in forming a romantic residence, with the abundant
materials supplied by nature.
" Curiosity to explore their new discovery was en-
creased by the novelty of every object they beheld :
this varied occupation continued for three days, until
their survey was interrupted by an alarming hurricane^
if
1
___ ^5~
^uft.caine on during the night, and rendered them ex-
fcj^y anxious for their companions who were on
^oTrd. T!ft_%i suing morning destroyed every prospect
of happiness : they in vain sought for the vessel, which
had drove from her mooring, and was wrecked on the
coast of Morocco; where, as it afterwards appeared,
all on fboard were immediately seized as slaves, and
sent to prison.
" ^|ie afflicted Machin found this last trial too severe
for his disconsolate companion : her tender mind, overcome by the  scenes  she had endured,   needed the
conscious sense of a strict discharge of duty to renew
its strength.    From the moment it was reported that
■the vessel could not be found, she became dumb with
grief, expired after a few days of silent despair, and
was soon  followed  by  her inconsolable lover.    The
^companions of Machin, forgetting their own situation,
Ptee entirely occupied in watching over their ema-
ppfed friend ;   but all attempts to administer consola-
tion were fruitless ;   on the fifth day, they received his
parting breath, with  an earnest injunction, that they
would place his body in tlie same grave% under the same
mBe, which, amidst an agony of tears, they had so lately
made for the unfortunate victim of his temerity |   where
the altar that had been raised to celebrate their deliverance would now mark their untimely tomb.    This painful duty Jbeing performed,  they fixed a large wooden
cross over the grave,   with the inscription which Ma-
chin-had composed to record their melancholy adventures;, and  to request,  that if any Christians should
hereafter visit the spot, they would in the same place
build a church, and dedicate it to Christ.
a.
_-*■ 30
&■$?»
Having thus obeyed the dictates of friendship,
lifted  out1 the  boat,  which, fromiftteir
had been kept ashore.     Their intention was~to reti
if possible, to England;  but, either owing to want <3?5
skill,U> the currents,  or  unfavourable weafkerpfchey
were driven on the same coast with': their."':sliinflates,
"and joined them in their Moorish prison
$ii^___£i
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'*v *-:»:';:   "     "-
THE  END.
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