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Victoria, past and present. Something about the advantages which the city offers, viewed from business,… Victoria (B.C.). Board of Trade 1901

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Uietoria, Past and Present
Something about m
advantages wbicb the
City offers, viewed
from business, residential and tourist«
Published at the Instance of the Corporation
by the British Columbia Board of trade, « «
Uictoria, B. C.
Aid. Hall. Aid. Brydon Aid  Stewart.       Aid. Cameron. Aid. Williams.       Aid. Beckwith,
Aid. Cooley.
 An Old View of Victoria.
HE   foundations of   the  present
City of  Victoria   were laid in
1843.    It was June of that year
when the "Beaver" landed a
small  force   and   the   Hudson's
Bay Company fort was
Early      erected.   In   1846, Col.
History.    Holloway reported   the
following :    '' Fort Victoria   is    situated    at   the    south-
Pioneer of the   ern er>d of Vancouver Island.    The fort is a square
Pacific Coast,     enclosure   of  one  hundred yards,   surrounded by
cedar  pickets   twenty  feet in height, having two
octagonal bastions, each containing six six-pounder iron guns,
at the north-east and south-west angles.   This is the best built of
the company's forts."    From another source it
Old Hudson's is learned :   "The building is even now (1846)
Bay Co. rort. though   plain   to   a fault,   imposing   from  its
mass and extent, while the bastions or towers
diminish the tameness which its regular outline would otherwise
produce.    The  interior is occupied by the officers' houses, or
apartments they should rather be called, stores and a trading
place of call for the miners, who arrived from California and
elsewhere in thousands.   Of this floating popu-
Effect of Gold     lation no notice has been taken in the figures
Mining. given, but it may be stated in passing that
30,000  has  been   estimated   as  the   number
camping at one time at Victoria en route to the Fraser River.
From the foregoing it will be seen
that the importance of Victoria as a
commercial centre was recognized
from the first.
Incorporation was effected in 1862,
the city being divided into three
wards.      The   population   was   then
about     5,000.     To-day
A Citv of    ^e residents are more
Wealth       than    five    times    that
number and it is safe to
assert that considered per capita Victoria is the wealthiest city on the
Pacific Coast.
From mercantile and trade reports
it will be seen that nowhere is business conducted on a more
sound and profitable
basis. The volume, too,
ranks high. For comparison it may be stated that the
shipping of Victoria is the fourth
largest in the Dominion of Canada.
SS. Victorian — Victoria and Seattle
SS Empress—Victoria and Orient.
The  question will arise :   '' What
can 25,000 people do with so much
merchandise  in  addition  to what  is produced  on   Vancouver
Island?"    The answer is easy, " They consume what they need
and distribute the remainder."    As Victoria
No Fear of the    was t^le distributing centre par excellence, fifty
Future years ago, so to-day she is the chief distribut
ing point for the whole of British Columbia.
Victoria merchants supply goods to every part of the Province,
including the Northern gold fields of Atlin and the Yukon beyond.
Some Churches and Schools, Victoria, B. C. *-
Several Scenes of
Victoria Harbour.
A Terminal
Although transcontinental railway cars do not
enter the
city, Victoria is under no disadvantage, for first-class
steamers   meet the   trains at
the   Mainland termini    every
day   and   bring   freight  and
passengers from Eastern Canada and United States points,
the rates being the same as if
destined for railway terminals
on the Mainland.*
At the close of the "salmon canning season, fishermen and
others come to Victoria and spend their earnings.
;   It is in the fall of the year that the population
is increased largely, by the return of wage earners   who   have been out in all directions and who
then come home to live in comfort during the winter months.
*The cars of the Canadian Pacific Railway now come to Victoria and arrangements
have been made for ferrying the Great Northern Railway cars also.
 Local industries such as iron
works, flour and feed mills,
chemical, soap and paint factories, lumber
An Industrial
mills and several  others
furnish employment  for   many   hands.
The   proportion   of factory
hands and artizans  is unusually  large  for a city of the size of
It is impossible to state whether the fur traders of the early
forties selected Victoria's situation for other than  geographical
reasons,   but it is certain that a more ideal site for a large city
could hardly be found.    Its natural beauty and
A Beautiful adaptability to the purposes of commerce and
Natural Site. residence, are remarkable.    The land undu
lating slightly gives easy grades to the streets
and admits perfect drainage and sewerage. Within certain limits
only stone or brick buildings can be erected, and the numerous
recent additions of such structures furnish indications of confidence which the owners have in the future of the city.
In one respect  Victoria differs very  materially  from  most
cities inasmuch as the business blocks and dwelling houses are
nearly   all owned  by residents.     These   are
Owned by Its       rented as freely as elsewhere, but the rents go
Citizens. into the pockets of the inhabitants, and it is
certainly a great advantage to business men
to pay to residents, instead of to some outside capitalists, as such
rents return again either directly or indirectly in trade.
The city corporation has borrowed money for improvements
such as waterworks, sewerage, electric lighting, etc., but here it
will   b e  found  that
Public the assets of the city
Works, are largely in excess
of the liabilitie
Taxation  is very light i^m^
pared with other cities mXan-'^.i
ada or the United Stales.    j>Jk,
-T—«- ■  f
;f ji:^
The Gorge
on Queen's
Bay Fort.
TheUiberality of the citizens, assisted
by   the Provincial  Government and
City Corporation, has provided a hospital of fifty-six beds
Hospital known as the Pro-
Accommodation. vincial Royal Jubilee Hospital. This
was erected in 1890 in commemoration
of Her Majesty's Jubilee, and it ranks
high in every branch of medical and surgical science.
The private rooms, which are, of course, paid for, are frequently
occupied by persons from all parts of the Province and neighboring State of Washington, who come to Victoria for the greater
skill thanfis found nearer their homes. The poor of the city are
treated free.
Excellent free and non-sectarian educational facilities exist
for children six years of age and upwards,  nor
Educational     is there any charge for advanced education in the
Facilities.       High  School.    These schools are controlled by
trustees, of both sexes, elected by the ratepayers.
Besides the public schools there are excellent private schools, day
and boarding, including kindergartens.
Climate is an important consideration when deciding upon
a place of residence or a pleasure trip. The rain fall at Victoria
is light compared with other parts of the Province.    Snow is an
infrequent visitor and even then seldom lies on the
Perfect ground more than forty-eight hours.    So it is easy
Climate. to understand why four dollars per hour is charged
for sleighing, which but at best is an apology for
an Eastern sleigh ride. Skating can be rarely indulged in and
when possible is carried into the small hours of the
morning, as those who enjoy skating must
make  the  best  of their  opportunities.
The prevailing winds in the summer
are   from   the south-west,
As a Health     and passing over the snow-
Resort, capped Olympians and the
Straits of Fuca  are comfortably tempered   upon   reaching  the
south   end   of Vancouver  Island.    Dr.
Bryce   in
"The Climate   and
Health Re-
s ort s   of
says of Victoria, "The
fruits  of
climates grow  well   and
-,_ faim animals live out-
\        doors the  year
round.    The   climate is  milder
than  in   many
parts of England,
with less rain and
less seasonal vari-
' Instead of spending holidays far from home
in search of health many
Victorians camp out on
sea beaches near the city
for   some   months   each
^wr_r>.-■     year.
It is the common remark of visitors from the United States that
Victorians have mastered the art
of combining
Paradise for business with
Pleasure Seekers pleasure, it
would, indeed, be surprising if such were
not the case, for no one acquainted
with Victoria and surroundings
would gainsay that there is not another spot on the Pacific Coast
where nature has so abundantly provided for the pleasure seeker.
Victoria has unequalled natural advantages in picturesque location and climate, and for commercial and industrial purposes is
not less favorably situated.    It would  be beyond the scope  of
and Park
this article
to attempt to
describe the
beauties   o f
Beacon Hill
park and the
reside n t i a 1
portion of
Victoria.   A
residences is
the spacious
grounds   i n
which   they
are set.  The
ordinary size
of   the  Victoria  lot   is
60  by   120
feet, but the
better   class
of suburban
houses stand
in lovely grounds measured
bjr   acres.      In   many   cases
only  a peep here and there
can  be  obtained   from  the
highways, trees and shrubs
It is not difficult, however, to outline  beautiful
homes with tennis courts, well-kept lawns, trained ornamenta]
trees and cosy arbors of evergreens.    Many such resi-
Beautiful  dences command a view of the Straits of Fuca, about
Homes,    seventeen miles wide, and the snow-capped Olympics
beyond.    The entire  changes of scene,  for instance
on Rockland Avenue, are very remarkable, a little turn in the
road bringing to view numbers of islands instead of the unbroken
expanse of water.    Ships being towed to the
Panoramic and    lumber mills, steamers speeding to all points
Picturesque.       °f tne Coast and to the Orient and to Australia, and  pleasure yachts flitting hither   and
thither, give life and peculiar interest to the scene.    The brush
affording I
the priv
acy   that      I
seems so
much desired

In the
of no artist could depict the beauties of such scenery under the
ever changing lights.
Victoria is the  seat of the Provincial Government and the
home of the Lieutenant-Governor, and in addition to the merchants and business men of Victoria there are a number of wealthy
residents  whose   business interests lie in other
Social parts of the Province, but who elect to live here
Advantages, in order to enjoy the social and other advantages
of the Capital. The Garrison and Naval forces
add a pleasant feature to Victoria society not elsewhere possessed
on this side of the continent. There are three social clubs in
flourishing condition.
Among the amateur
organizations for purposes of entertainment it
is difficult to say which
takes the lead, but the
Arion Club, a musical
society of some fifty male
voices, is perhaps the
best known and longest
established. There are
also local theatrical and
orchestral societies, and
amateur theatricals and
concerts in aid of charities and other objects are
numerous, and their success is best judged by
the invariably large audiences which they attract. There is a
first-class cornet band in connection with the
A Music Loving local militia organization and during the win-
People. ter months there is a weekly promenade con
cert in the Drill Hall and in the summer two
or three open air concerts are given every week in the park and
adjacent resorts.
There are excellent golf links.    Tennis, cricket,  yachting,
lacrosse, football, boating and canoeing
Athletics and Sport,   are among the favorite summer amusements.     Bicyclists and amateur photographers—their name is legion.
On the
There are so many attractive  spots  in  the
neighborhood of Victoria
that it is really difficult
to decide among them for
superlative merit.    If
boating be selected a trip
up the Gorge will probably be chosen.    This   is
a stretch of about four
miles   of  tidal   water,
varying  in  width  from
thirty feet at the Gorge
bridge to about a quarter of a  mile.     On  either bank near the
city are beautiful residences, with ample grounds
Points of    ar*d picturesque boat-houses.    Then comes various
Attraction, stretches of fir trees and rocks and further on cultivated fields.     Picnic parties revel in  the shade of
the firs and there are as well many ideal open spaces for those
____——___ who desire to
"**>>^ use them.
trie car to Oak Bay, three
miles from the centre of the
city—and by the way, to
Victoria belongs the honour of being among the first
cities on the continent to
adopt electric cars—we shall find a well appointed summer hotel,
and sheltered beaches where children may find de-
Oak Bay light in sunning themselves after paddling in the sea.
Resort. Boats for hire are available and the surroundings generally are such as are sought by tourists. There are
many residences at
Oak Bay and along
the route of the car
line, and in addition to the resident
population there
is in the season
a constant stream
of visitors by car,
carriage and bicycle. Frequent
-band concerts enliven the evenings there. One of the
golf links and an enclosed
Beautiful park for lacrosse matches
Drives. and bicycle races, for which
a cinder path is provided,
are located at this
resort. Oak Bay is
also reached by the
Dallas Road, a fine
which skirts the
sea all the way
from the Outer
Wharf, passing
through Beacon
Hill park and along
the golf links.
There is probably
not anotherroadon
the Pacific Coast possessing equal charms for driving or wheeling. It is good at all seasons of the year and the rare scenic
effects are ever present and striking.
It would require the pages of a pretentious book to do justice to all the numerous drives within twenty miles of Victoria.
 Dry Dock.
Esquimalt Harbour.
Victoria Harbour.
These are always well
kept and afford equal
facilities for all popular
modes of locomotion.
Esquimalt, His
Majesty's naval
station on the Pa-
Mtffij|)tflite£flt     cific, is four miles
from the post
:       office, and is con-
.''.  nected by electric
\  ,    cars  which leave
every fifteen min-
v utes.     The men-
of-war, dry dock,
naval yard and canteen grounds are the principal attractions,
but the scenery all along the car line and at the
His Majesty's village of Esquimalt itself possesses a singular
Naval Station. ckarm which never fails to make a lasting impression. Naphtha launches and row boats can
be hired and a visit made to the naval hospital, passing the marine railway en route.   The water in the harbour is never rough.
The Barracks at Macaulay Point are situated a short distance
from the Esquimalt Road.    Visitors are not
Macaulay Point    aU°wed inside the fort, but the scenery from
Barracks. t^le viciuity, embracing the entrance   to   Es
quimalt harbour, the Straits and the Olympias,
-is_yery beautiful indeed.
,Tw'o.railways terminate at Victoria.    The Victoria and Sidney
rans to the end of the Saanich peninsula,   distance seventeen
V 16
i    *•
miles, and is of value to the
farmers  o f
Railway and  that dis-
Steamboat   trict in . L.
Connection,  marketing their
products, and  for
tourist purposes.
Sidney should be J,
visited, as it is a ,/|k
very pretty spot ,V
and some idea
can be formed
en route of the
agricultural possibilities of the
Island. Hops,
barley and fruit
d o remarkably
well in this section. An hotel
is situated near
the railway terminus. Steamer
connection is made between the
railway and the gulf islands and
points on Vancouver Island as far north as Nanaimo. The sea
is rarely rough and the grand and everchanging panorama of
view as the steamer winds its way in and out among the numerous islands must be witnessed to be fully appreciated. A more
commodious steamer leaves twice weekly covering the same route
and continuing the trip to Comox.
The Esquimalt and Nanaimo Railway at present has its
terminus at Wellington,
though its extension to the
north end of Vancouver Island
is contemplated in the very
near future. It serves the fin
est collieries on the
Coast.    At  Chemain
'' one of the largest and best appointed saw mills in British Columbia from which is marketed about half of
Along the E. & N. thelumber exported from the entire province.
Railway. Not far from Chemaiuus copper mines on Mt.
Sicker are  being  opened up
from  which ore is being shipped.    Large iron
deposits are also being
Near here,
too,  is the
new   town  of
Ladysmith, at
which place
coal   bunkers
for the output
of the big extension coal
mine at Alexandria,    and
where many
of the miners
have   their res.d-
ence.   A railway to
haul the logs to the
Chemainus  mill   has
been built  in  this
section and a tram-
w a y     runs
from the Mt.
Sicker mine
to Osborne
The Lands
of the Esquimalt and Na-
naimo Railway Company offer to the intending settler the chance to acquire
a home suitable for mixed farming or
E. & N. Railway Lands. cattle raising, with all the advantages
of a fine and  moderate climate.    The extension of the railway
in the near future through the Coinox Valley to the northern
end of the Island, will open up a large tract of land particularly
suitable to the requirements of the small farmer, many of whom
are already settled in the various districts, cultivating well improved farms,  with  excellent results.    Large
m a gnificent
timber are
still unsold
awaiting the
advent of
lumber men
and the increasing demand for the
Douglas  fir.
The mining camps at Al-
berni, Mt. Sicker, and other
points are attracting the attention of mining experts
all over the world and already some
strong companies have been formed,
are operating properties with
profitable results. To the
tourist and sportsman the
Railway Belt is an inexhaustible paradise, the
lakes and rivers are numerous, situated amongst
grand and lovely scenery,
and abound in magnificent
trout and salmon, giving
sport of the finest description. Deer and grouse are
plentiful and immense flocks
of wild fowl visit the Island
during the autumn and
Mineral deposits of copper and gold have been located at other points on  the southern
The Sportsman.
end of the Island and develop-jf     ment work is progressing with
satisfactory    results.      Large
__,,      stretches of farming lands are
already under cultivation and
much    more    remain   to   be
-    .       opened up.    All these impor-
• "'       tant industries are tributary to
Victoria, the head office of
most of the colleries and railways and mining and lumber interests being established there. The very beautiful scenery along
the E. & N. Railway attracts many excursionists from Victoria.
Sportsmen in quest of game and fish drop off
at different places along the line for miles,
and this is in season one of the favorite Saturday afternoon recreations. The steeplechase track at Colwood
is distant eight miles.
Goldstream on  the line is  an
other favorite re
Coldstream,   sort.    There occa
sional .'-^j&_A^2_
band   concerts     ..;*'
amuse    those ^\3«£c~i
who do not
care for sport,
and a well appointed hotel
furnishes   refreshments
and accommodation for vis-
' itors.    A" trip
to the water-
power  works HI
should be made while here.
This power generates   the
electricity for Victoria's car
service, private lighting
and commercial purposes.
Shawnigran. further on, is
a most frequented Jsummer
-i     .ifc    Jtl;     M>,-||1
Views on
Lake  and
resort,   and
a   strong   company
recognizing    this
have just completed a commodious
and modern hotel,
the " Strathcona, " situated close
to the railway and lake. Extensive park and recreation grounds
surround it. The lake affords
good fishing, boating and bathing and the surrounding country
abounds in game.
It is a common practice to
leave the train at Shawnigan and wheel to  Duncan, fourteen miles further on.  The road is shaded
and parklike in places, with easy grades
all  the   way.      Numerous  well   kept
farms adjoin on both sides,  and   that
portion which passes through the Indian reservation has especial interest.    There are
two hotels at Duncan close to the railway station,
and it, too, is a very popular resort and the headquarters  of many sportsmen.     The river affords
excellent fishing and of deer and birds there is an
The trip to Cowichan Lake from here should not be missed.
Cowichan  Lake      ^he distance is about twenty miles and the
The attractions
journey is made by stage,
are hunting, fishing and scenery.
_..       ., The   west  coast  of Vancouver   Island  is
-tiR$Xim*i!*~-      reached  by  rail   to   Nanaimo  and
thence by stage across to Al-
berni,   or  by  steamers
which  leave Victoria  regularly  at
frequent intervals.
All the south and
west  co[ast   of
Vancouver  Island  i s  rich  in
Camp on
A Corner of the Provincial Museum
One of the objects of great interest to all visitors to Victoria
are the beautiful new Parliament Buildings, in which the people
of British Columbia take a special  pride,  and con-
Provincial    spicious among the attractions afforded by a visit to
Museum,    these buildings is the  Provincial Museum,  which
has the distinction of being the best exposition of
local fauna and flora to be found anywhere on the continent.
In the Parliament Buildings there is a Bureau of Provincial
Information, also a complete collection of specimens of British
Columbia minerals.
With so many important tributary resources the future of
Victoria is assured.    Its present growth is steady, a fact which
affords greater satisfaction than if a  "boom" was experienced.
Besides its commercial growth the number who
The Basis Of   come here to reside is steadily   increasing, and it
Prosperity.    wiH undoubtedly become the residential metropolis of the Coast and especially of British Columbia.    The tourist travel is a very important factor in the prosperity enjoyed by Victorians, and deservedly  so.    This may be
divided  into   two   classes,   namely,   those   who visit   the city
regularly every year, of whom there is a large number, and those
whose visits are irregular and occasional.    Of the
The Tourist     latter, passengers on the Australasian and  Orien-
Travel. tal steamers inwards and outwards, and visitors
from Eastern Canada and Eastern parts of the United States swell the aggregate travel, which is yearly growing
larger in volume.
The object of this article is to interest the stranger in search
of a good business, a desirable place of residence or an attractive
tourist resort,  and incidentally to refresh the
Whv This Little    memory of persons acquainted with Victoria,
Book ? kut who are now living elsewhere.    Victoria,
the Capital city of British Columbia, can supply all the requirements of visitors, and any information of a
specific character will be cheerfully imparted by
British Columbia Board of Trade.
Board of Trade Building,
Victoria, B. C.
Victoria Directory.
Board of Trade, Bastion Square.
Bureau of Provincial Information, in the Parliament Buildings.
City Hall, cor. Douglas Street and Pandora Avenue.
Customs House, cor. Government and Courtney Streets.
Free Library, in City Hall.
General Post Office, cor. Government and Courtney Streets.
Legislative Library, in the Parliament Buildings.
Museum, in the Parliament Buildings.
Parliament Buildings, Belleville Street, James Bay.
Dominion Express Co., 26 Fort Street.
Great Northern Express Co., 75 Government Street.
Northern Pacific Express Co., 104)^ Government Street.
Alaska Steamship Co., 100 Government Street.
Canadian Pacific Navigation Co., 64 Wharf Street.
Nippon Yusen Kaisha, 75 Government Street.
Northern Pacific Steamship Co., 64 Government Street.
Pacific Coast Steamship Co., 61 Wharf Street.
Puget Sound Steamship Co., 100 Government Street.
Canadian Pacific Railway Co., cor. Government and Fort Streets.
Great Northern Railway Co., 75 Government Street.
Northern Pacific Railway Co., 104^ Government Street.
White Pass and Yukon Railway Co., 102 Government Street.
Esquimalt & Nanaimo Railway, Depot and Offices, Store Street.
Victoria & Sidney Railway, Depot and Offices, Hillside Avenue.
Canadian Pacific Telegraph Office, 8i Government Street.
Western Union Telegraph Office, 74 Government Street.
Colonist Printing and Publishing Co., Broad St., opp. Trounce.
Times Printing and Publishing Co., Broad Street, opp. View.
Baptist Church, Mary Street, Victoria West.
Calvary Church, Herald Street.
Emanuel Church, cor. North Chatham and Fernwood Road.
Christ Church Cathedral, cor. Blanchard Street and Burdette Ave.
ST. Barnabas' Church, cor. Caledonia Avenue and Cook Street.
St. James' Church, cor. Quebec and St. John's Streets.
ST. John's Church, cor. Douglas and Fisguard Streets.
St. Mark's Church, Boleskin Road.
St. Paul's Church, Esquimau.
ST. Saviour's Church, Henry Street, Victoria West.
First Congregational Church, 47 Pandora Avenue.
Reformed, cor. Maclure and Humboldt Streets.
Centennial, Gorge Road.
James Bay, cor. Menzies and Michigan Streets.
Metropolitan, cor. Pandora Avenue and Quadra Street.
Methodist Church, Esquimalt Street, Victoria West.
First, cor. Pandora Avenue and Blanchard Street.
Knox, Stanley Avenue.
ST. Andrew's, cor. Douglas and Broughton Streets.
St. Columbia, cor. Hulton Street and Oak Bay Avenue.
ST. Paul's, Henry Street, Victoria West.
St. Andrew's Cathedral, Cor. Blanchard and View Streets.
Synagogue of Emanu-El, cor. Blanchard Street and Pandora Ave.
Central and High Schools, cor. School and Yates Streets.
North Ward School, Douglas Street.
South Park School, cor. St. Catherines and Michigan Streets.
Spring Ridge School, cor. Chambers and North Chatham Streets.
Victoria West School, Front Street.
Alexandria (Women's) Club, Broad Street.
Badminton Club, 5 Gordon Street.
James Bay Athletic Association, Belleville Street.
Pacific Club, 45^ Fort Street.
Union Club, cor. Douglas and Courtney Streets.
Provincial Royal Jubilee, cor. Richmond and Cadboro Bay Roads.
St. Joseph's, Collinson Street.
Belgian Consul, Thos. R. Smith, Temple Building.
Denmark Consul, W. A. Ward, Bastion Street.
French Consul, H. M. GrahamE, 41 Government Street.
Imperial German Consul, Carl Loewenberg, 83 Wharf Street.
Norwegian Consul, Thos. R. Smith, Temple Building.
Swedish Consul, Thos. R. Smith, Temple Building.
United States Consul, Abraham E. Smith, 43^ Government St.
Driving by the hour    . $ 1 50
To any place within one mile of post office from stand or stable'—
One or two persons  50
Each additional person  25
To or from steamers or trains, each person (not including special
orders)  50
To and from balls and parties, calling at one house only, when hour
of return is after midnight, per carriage  2 50
To or from theatres, one or two persons    2 00
To or from theatres, three or four persons    2 50
To weddings, each carriage  4 00
To funerals, when the time does not exceed three hours  3 00


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