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Student perceptions of campus environment Gellor, Jaime Mendez

Abstract

The problem of this study was to ascertain the relationship of students' differential perception of a campus environment to some personality characteristics. The following correlates of perception were considered: personality traits, length of stay in college, sex, college entrance scores, academic marks, and leadership roles. The major conceptual framework of this study included Kelly's (1955) psychology of personal constructs and Snygg and Combs' (1959) phenomenological determinant of behavior postulate. The subjects of this study included 594 students enrolled at the Bukidnon Normal College, Philippines, during the school year 1970-71. The College and University Environment Scales of C. Robert Pace (1966) and the new Edwards Personality Inventory (1966) were the two major instruments used in the study. In addition, the class advisers evaluated the students' leadership qualities using the Leadership Rating Form. Means, standard deviations, analysis of variance, the F test of significance, Duncan's New Multiple Comparison Test, and the Pearson Product-Moment Correlation Coefficient were the statistical techniques used in the analysis of data. The results showed that the freshmen, sophomore, junior and senior students had a consensus of the various dimensions that make up the school environment. It was found that the negative perceivers of campus environment tended to have some aggressive personality traits, while positive perceivers of campus environment tended to have some passive personality traits. In general, students tended to rate the campus environment lower as they stayed longer in the campus. Males were found to rate the campus environment lower than females. Furthermore, it was found that the students' perception of a campus environment was negatively related to individual academic performance and leadership roles. Implications from the findings were made for counselors, faculty members and school administrators for the improvement of various educational programs at the college. The major conclusion of the study is that students in the college have a consensus perception of the campus environment and that those with positive and negative perceptions of the environmental press have some personality characteristics related to their manner of evaluating the institutional image.

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