UBC Theses and Dissertations
Post mortem physicochemical properties of radurized chicken muscle Matin, Muhammed Abdul
Chicken breast muscles (Pectoralis major and Pectoralis minor) were subjected to low doses of gamma radiation (≤ 0.50 Mrad) within 20-30 min. post-slaughter. pH decline extractability of different muscle protein fractions, shear force, isometric tension pattern and sarcomere length were evaluated at definite intervals of post mortem storage period. pH measurements from 1/2 hour to 72 hours post mortem revealed a stimulation of pH decline immediately after irradiation in 0.25 and 0.50 Mrad treated muscle samples but this effect was subsequently found to be nullified and an ultimate pH of about 5.55 was reached between 6-12 hours in all the samples. Extractability of total soluble and total myofibrillar proteins of muscle increased with post mortem time. A clear effect of irradiation treatments of increased extractability of actomyosin especially in the post rigor period was observed and this effect was more noticeable in 0.50 Mrad than in 0.25 Mrad samples. Comparatively less extractable actomyosin was found during the post rigor period of storage particularly in control samples. There was no significant effect of radiation doses, time of storage or their interactions on the solubility of sarcoplasmic proteins or of four minor fractions of protein and non-protein substances. The level of extractable actomyosin was found to be significantly related (r² = 0.12; df=46) with the corresponding shear press measurements. Irradiated samples had significantly higher mean shear values and more extractable actomyosin than the control samples especially during the post rigor period. Irradiation (0.125 and 0. 250 Mrad) was found to stimulate post mortem development of isometric tension in muscle strips. In irradiated samples maximum tension was developed about 2 hours ahead of the corresponding controls. A 50% decline of isometric tension was achieved in 6-8 hours post mortem, while a 50% decline of tension in control samples required more than 12 hours. The general relationship of isometric tension pattern and extractability of actomyosin was found to be low. Sarcomere length was related (r² = .38; df = 6) with shear values such that a small change in sarcomere length was found to result in a relatively large change in shear press values. Irradiated samples with relatively shorter sarcomeres in the post rigor period were found to have significantly lower mean shear values when compared with their respective control samples.
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