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UBC Theses and Dissertations

The enteroinsular axis in glucose dependent insulinotropic polypeptide receptor knockout (GIPR-/-) miee Pamir, Nathalie

Abstract

The incretins, glucose-dependent insulinotropic polypeptide (GIP) and glucagonlike peptide-1 (GLP-1), are gut hormones that act via the enteroinsular axis to potentiate insulin secretion from the pancreas in a glucose-dependent manner. Both GLP-1 and GIP receptor knockout mice (GLP-1 R-/- and GIPR-/- respectively) have been generated to investigate the physiological importance of this axis. Studies in this thesis were carried out on GIP receptor knockout mice (GIPR-/-). Although reduced GIP action is a component of type 2 diabetes, GIP receptor-deficient mice exhibit only moderately impaired glucose tolerance. Thus, the present thesis was directed at investigating possible compensatory mechanisms that take place within the enteroinsular axis in the absence of GIP action. Fasting and 20t h minute OGTT serum GIP levels as well as duodenojejunal GIP content were altered in GIPR-/- mice. Total serum GLP-1 levels and serum DPIV activity in GIPR knockout mice were not significantly different from those in control animals, either before or during a glucose tolerance test. However, insulin responses to GLP-1 in pancreas perfusions and static islet incubations were significantly greater in GIPR -/- than in +/+ mice (P

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