UBC Theses and Dissertations
Measurement of small shifts of wide lines Potter, Michael Urwin
A new technique has been devised to obtain time-resolved measurements of small spectral line shifts. Two linear neutral density wedges with opposite transmission gradients were placed over the top and bottom of a monochromator exit slit in such a way that a wavelength shift of a spectral line resulted in a change in light intensity transmitted through the wedges, which was monitored by two photomultipliers. To test this technique, an N II line, for which Griem has calculated the Stark shift as a function of electron density, was observed in the emission spectrum of a small theta-pinch using a monochromator of 10 Å/mm inverse dispersion. Space and time resolved line shift measurements were made and were associated with the axial velocity and the electron density fluctuations of the plasma. An uncertainty of 0.015 Å was estimated, which, for the 1.5 Å line used, corresponds to a shift to width ratio of 10⁻², believed to be lower than any previous shift measuring technique. Time of flight velocity measurements and conservation of mass considerations have confirmed the results as both reasonable and self-consistent.
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