UBC Theses and Dissertations

UBC Theses Logo

UBC Theses and Dissertations

Orderable topological spaces Galik , Frank John


Let (X , ਹ) be a topological space. If < is a total ordering on X , then (X , ਹ, <) is said to be an ordered topological space if a subbasis for ਹ is the collection of all sets of the form {x ∊ x | x < t} or [x ∊ x | t < x} where t ∊ X . The pair (X , ਹ) is said to be an orderable topological space if there exists a total ordering, < , on X such that (X , ਹ, <) is an ordered topological space. Definition: Let T be a subspace of the real line ǀR . Let Q be the union of all non-trivial components of T , both of whose end points belong to C1ıʀ(C1ıʀ(T) -T). The following characterization of orderable sub-spaces of ǀR is due to M. E. Rudin. Theorem: Let T be a subspace of ǀR with the relativized usual topology. Then T is orderable if and only if T satisfies the following two conditions: (1) If T - Q is compact and (T-Q) ก Clıʀ(Q) = Ø then either Q = Ø or T - Q = Ø (2) If I is an open interval of ıʀ and p is an end point of I and if {p} U(I ก(T-Q)) is compact and {p} =Clıʀ(IกQ)ก C1ıʀ(I ก(T-Q)), then p ∉ T or {p} is a component of T. This theorem enables us to prove a conjecture of I.L. Lynn, namely Corollary: if T contains no open compact sets then T is totally orderable. If T is a subspace of an arbitrary ordered topological space a generalization of the theorem can be made. The generalized theorem is stated and some examples are given.

Item Media

Item Citations and Data


For non-commercial purposes only, such as research, private study and education. Additional conditions apply, see Terms of Use https://open.library.ubc.ca/terms_of_use.