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UBC Theses and Dissertations

Register file architecture optimization in a coarse-grained reconfigurable array Kwok, Zion Siu-On

Abstract

This thesis investigates the impact of the global and local register file architecture on a reconfigurable system based on the ADRES architecture. The register files consume a significant amount of area on the reconfigurable device, and their architecture has a strong impact on the performance. We found that the global registers should be tightly connected to as many functional units as possible, while the connection of the local register files to their neighbours is less critical. We found that the global register file should contain 14 registers, while each local register file should only contain two registers. We used these results to propose two new architectures that demonstrate between -33% and 383% higher instructions per cycle per unit area compared to the original 4x4 and 8x8 array architectures, with 56% and 88% average improvement over a set of benchmarks for the new 4x4 and 8x8 array architectures, respectively.

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