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UBC Theses and Dissertations

Radiation from coupled open-ended waveguides Driessen, Peter F.

Abstract

Ray-optical methods are used to calculate the coupling between open-ended parallel-plate waveguides, as well as the radiation patterns of finite arrays of coupled parallel-plate waveguides with only the central guide driven. These methods require extensive ray tracing, particularly for the larger arrays, to take into account the many possible ray paths. The coupling coefficients between both two and three guides in isolation agreed remarkably well with those previously derived in the presence of other guides, groundplanes etc., indicating a general lack of sensitivity of the coupling coefficients to the details of the surrounding structure. The calculated patterns were compared with experimental patterns using an H-plane sectoral horn to simulate the parallel-plate waveguide array. Radiation patterns of both three and five element arrays with all waveguide edges in the aperture plane, as well as that of a three element staggered array with the outer edges not in the aperture plane agreed well with the experimental patterns. A wide variety of patterns could be obtained by varying the width, depth, and number of the outer guides in the array. Ray-optical methods may thus be useful in the development of waveguide antennas for a variety of applications.

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