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UBC Theses and Dissertations

Spatio-temporal relational reasoning for video question answering Singh, Gursimran


Video question answering is the task of automatically answering questions about videos. Apart from direct practical interest, it provides a good way to benchmark our progress on various tasks in video understanding. A successful algorithm must ground objects of interest and model relationships among them in both the spatial and temporal domains jointly. We show that the existing state-of-the-art approaches, which are based on Convolutional Neural Networks or Recurrent Neural Networks, are not effective at joint reasoning in both spatial and temporal domains. Moreover, they are short-sighted and struggle with long-range dependencies in videos. To address these challenges, we present a novel spatio-temporal reasoning neural module that models complex multi-entity relationships in space and long-term dependencies in time. Our model captures both time-changing object interactions and action dynamics of individual objects in an effective way. We evaluate our module on two benchmark datasets which require spatio-temporal reasoning: TGIF-QA and SVQA. We achieve state-of-the-art performance on both datasets. More significantly, we achieve substantial improvements in some of the most challenging question types, like counting, which demonstrate the effectiveness of our proposed spatio-temporal relational module.

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