UBC Theses and Dissertations

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UBC Theses and Dissertations

LLC resonant converter modelling Panov, Vasil


Many of today's power converters use pulse-width modulation(PWM) techniques to regulate the circulating currents and voltages. A significant problem with most dc-dc converters is the increased power loss during switching. These devices typically operate in hard-switching mode which results in switching losses. Resonant converters have been used to minimize or even eliminate this problem. Although LLC resonant converters have shown significant gains in terms of efficiency, their modeling is still a challenge. LLC converters are designed to function in a specific mode and region of operation. It has been difficult to design a stable and robust controller with consistent bandwidth and disturbance rejection for every application. The complexity of the control design is magnified when the LLC converters are controlled using embedded digital control techniques. Recent developments in micro-controllers, including processing speed, power, and memory management, make possible the use of innovative non-linear or adaptive control algorithms, in order to produce high performance LLC circuits. Accurate modeling of the hardware is the key to an effective solution. This thesis presents several modeling techniques of the LLC resonant converter. Previous research is discussed and relevant techniques are used as reference for deriving the models presented here. A new approach will be used to describe the characteristics of the LLC within the operating region. This approach is derived using the method of Least Squares of errors. The method estimates the coefficients of the plant transfer function, which then help to calculate control coefficients in the instantaneous operating condition of the LLC resonant power converter.

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