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UBC Theses and Dissertations

Accelerating irregular applications on parallel hybrid platforms Gharaibeh, Abdullah

Abstract

Future high-performance computing systems will be hybrid; they will include processors optimized for sequential processing and massively-parallel accelerators. Platforms based on Graphics Processing Units (GPUs) are an example of this hybrid architecture, they integrate commodity CPUs and GPUs. This architecture promises intriguing opportunities: within the same dollar or energy budget, GPUs offer a significant increase in peak processing power and memory bandwidth compared to traditional CPUs, and are, at the same time, generally-programmable. The adoption of GPU-based platforms, however, faces a number of challenges, including the characterization of time/space/power tradeoffs, the development of new algorithms that efficiently harness the platform and abstracting the accelerators in a generic yet efficient way to simplify the task of developing applications on such hybrid platforms. This dissertation explores solutions to the abovementioned challenges in the context of an important class of applications, namely irregular applications. Compared to regular applications, irregular applications have unpredictable memory access patterns and typically use reference-based data structures, such as trees or graphs; moreover, new applications in this class operate on massive datasets. Using novel workload partitioning techniques and by employing data structures that better match the hybrid platform characteristics, this work demonstrates that significant performance gains, in terms of both time to solution and energy, can be obtained when partitioning the irregular workload to be processed concurrently on the CPU and the GPU.

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Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs 2.5 Canada

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