UBC Theses and Dissertations

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UBC Theses and Dissertations

Chirped-pulse laser amplifier and passive enhancement cavity for generation of extreme ultraviolet light Lam, Matthew Hon C


Extreme ultraviolet (EUV) light has many potential applications, including spectroscopy and scattering experiments in physical chemistry and atmospheric science. The dominant method for producing high-flux coherent radiation in this spectral range is synchrotron radiation produced from highly subscribed national-scale facilities such as the Canadian Light Source. An alternative to synchrotron radiation is high harmonic generation (HHG), a nonlinear optical process requiring high optical intensities. This thesis describes the development of an optical amplifier and passive enhancement cavity in order to realize a table-top EUV source. A chirped-pulse ytterbium-doped fiber amplifier system outputs 20 W average power from an initial mode-locked laser outputting pulses at 80 MHz and 160 mW average power. The pulses, of duration ~250 fs after the amplifier, are coupled to a high-finesse cavity which further increases the power by a factor of 500. The peak intensity achieved in the cavity is over 10¹⁴ W/cm² and is an order of magnitude above the intensity required to drive HHG in xenon gas.

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