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UBC Theses and Dissertations

Vision utility framework : a new approach to vision system development Afrah, Amir


We are addressing two aspects of vision based system development that are not fully exploited in current frameworks: abstraction over low-level details and high-level module reusability. Through an evaluation of existing frameworks, we relate these shortcomings to the lack of systematic classification of sub-tasks in vision based system development. Our approach for addressing these two issues is to classify vision into decoupled sub-tasks, hence defining a clear scope for a vision based system development framework and its sub-components. Firstly, we decompose the task of vision system development into data management and processing. We then proceed to further decompose data management into three components: data access, conversion and transportation. To verify our approach for vision system development we present two frameworks: the Vision Utility (VU) framework for providing abstraction over the data management component; and the Hive framework for providing the data transportation and high-level code reuse. VU provides the data management functionality for developers while hiding the low-level system details through a simple yet flexible Application Programming Interface (API). VU mediates the communication between the developer's application, vision processing modules, and data sources by utilizing different frameworks for data access, conversion and transportation (Hive). We demonstrate VU's ability for providing abstraction over low-level system details through the examination of a vision system developed using the framework. Hive is a standalone event based framework for developing distributed vision based systems. Hive provides simple high-level methods for managing communication, control and configuration of reusable components. We verify the requirements of Hive (reusability and abstraction over inter-module data transportation) by presenting a number of different systems developed on the framework using a set of reusable modules. Through this work we aim to demonstrate that this novel approach for vision system development could fundamentally change vision based system development by addressing the necessary abstraction, and promoting high-level code reuse.

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