UBC Publications

UBC Publications

UBC Publications

The Ubyssey Feb 25, 1972

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Array Student seat on BoG seen
Student senator Svend
Robinson raised the possibility at
Wednesday night's senate meeting
of a student sitting on the UBC
board of governors.
Robinson will move at the
. March 22 senate meeting that a
committee be formed to consider
the implications of a student
taking one of the three senate
seats on the board.
"The three-year terms of
Beverley Lecky, Paul Plant, and
David Williams, current senators
on the board, expire this
September," Robinson said
Thursday, "so it is essential to act
quickly, or we'll have to wait
another three years."
"Legally there is nothing to
prevent one of the student
senators from being nominated or
elected in September," he said,
"but in reality this won't happen.
"The elections are a formality
as candidates are usually agreed
upon ahead of time and there is
little chance of a student being
one of them."
The Universities Act calls for
senate members of the board of
governors to be elected to three
year terms by the senate, from
among the senate
"It would be impossible to set
a specific seat for students on the
board without amending the
universities act," Robinson said,
"so this committee will be more
aimed at changing attitudes and
providing information."
He said he hoped the
committee would be able to gauge
opposition or support for student
"Then once we know what
we're up against it will be possible
to present information in the
hope of changing some of these
attitudes," he said.
Robinson said he expected the
committee to be made up equally
fo student and faculty senate
members. "Of course it would be
open to submissions from
elsewhere," he added.
He said the committee is
necessary so that the senate
"would not be allowed to put off
consideration of this issue for
another three years."
FREE SCHOOL education includes trips such as this one to Trout Lake for students of
The New School. One of Vancouver's first free schools, it's now in need of money and to
— dan wood photo
that  end  is holding a benefit dance with four bands Saturday at 7:30 p.m. in the
Fishermen's Hall, 138 East Cordova. Price is $1; beer three for $1.
Profs regard essay bank with jaundiced eye
A Ubyssey survey of department heads in the arts
faculty shows they take a dim view of a company that
promises to research and write student essays.
The company, Term Papers Unlimited, has just
opened a Vancouver office and its owner has told The
Ubyssey it will provide original research on an essay or the
use of an international essay catalogue, used by similar
companies in the U.S. and Toronto.
Classics head Malcolm McGregor called the scheme
"I don't expect students in my department to use this
company," McGregor said Thursday. "My students are
too smart and too honest to do something like that."
When asked if he would discuss the essay-research
company at a departmental meeting, McGregor said:
"Certainly not, we don't have meetings."
Political science department chairman Walter Young
said he would remove any student in his courses who uses
the company's services.
"It is wholly objectionable on an ethical and
scholastic level," Young said Thursday.
He said he expects to be discussing the matter at a
department meeting.
"Any decision on it, however, will probably be left
up to the individual professors," said Young.
English department head Robert Jordan said the
problem might require a vigorous identification and
security system.
"But this would make a mockery of the moral and
educational values of the university," he said. "Such
companies are a gross perversion of the educational
"Students using such means would be obliged to
examine his or her purposes for being at the university,"
said Jordan.
History department head M. A. Ormsby said she
expects the service will be discussed in a department
"Such a company defeats the whole purpose of
research techniques and the means of assembling this
information - in short, the education process," said
Arts dean Doug Kenny said he expects no discussion
about the company at an arts faculty meeting.
"I find it a little shocking that a student newspaper
would do this (run the Term Papers Unlimited
advertisement) since it only cheats students out of a
higher education," said Kenny.
"I would be very surprised that arts students would
make use of such a service."
(Company owner Wayne Zimmer told The Ubyssey
UBC students responded with about 250 calls Wednesday
to the company's paid ad in Tuesday's Ubyssey.)
Faculty association president Robert Kubicek
predicted an association or senate protest over the services
"if the thing takes hold here."
"For a teacher, if a student handed that sort of thing
in, it is not his work, and in effect, it would be plagiarism
and he would receive zero," Kubicek said Thursday.
He said be believes most faculty would oppose the
use of such ghost-writing.
Administration president Walter Gage refused to
comment because he said he had not read Wednesday's
Ubyssey as he had been very busy. Page 2
Friday, February 25,  1972
How to fight sex
The following article was written by the
members of the Women's Grievance Commission.
A group of faculty, staff, graduate and
undergraduate student women have formed the
Women's Grievance Commission of UBC to
investigate and remedy sexually discriminatory
practices and structures in the university. We will be
gathering information about the status of women
here and helping women to deal with specific
discriminatory situations which affect them. We
hope that you will tell us about any such problem
you have as an individual or as a member of a group
of women at UBC.
If you tell us about a personal problem of
discrimination, you can be sure that we will keep
the information confidential, and that we will take
no action either to investigate the problem or to
remedy it without your explicit permission to do so.
The commission has some specific questions to
ask women who work, study or teach at UBC:
If you are a part-time student, how do the
university structure and regulations help or hinder
you in your efforts to obtain an education and a
degree? Is it difficult for you to obtain scholarships,
fellowships, or loans to finance your education?
When you went to counselling services on
campus, did you feel that all fields of study and
professions were open to you as a woman?
Were you unable to obtain student housing for
your family because your husband is not a student,
even though you are a full-time student?
Do you believe your faculty has a quota on
women students?
If you are a student, is there material in your
courses presented in such a way as to imply that
women are inferior or restricted to certain roles in
society? Do you have a teacher who treats the
women in the class less seriously than the men, or
who makes sexist remarks in class?
Job discrimination?
Have you been asked about your husband's
income when applying for financial aid? Do you
believe you have been discriminated against in
obtaining scholarships, fellowships or loans?
Is it more difficult for you to obtain summer
employment than for the men in your field? Do you
believe you have been discriminated against by
employers holding interviews on campus?
If you are on the staff, has it been impossible
for you to obtain MSA for your family because
your husband is neither a student nor permanently
Are you getting paid less than a man who does
comparable work?
If you belong to a union, is your union working
for equal pay for comparable work?
Do you know of or suspect cases of sexual
discrimination in hiring at UBC?
Have you been told that UBC policy is to
discourage the hiring of more than one member of a
Can you find adequate daycare for your
children while you work or study here?
Have you ever been sexually pressured by a
teacher or boss?
If you are a teacher, do you believe that your
department discriminates against women in hiring,
promotions and tenure, salary, or teaching loads?
If you are a part-time teacher, do you believe
that there are any policies of the university which
discriminates against you?
We realize that there are further questions to be
asked about the status of women at UBC. We invite
you to tell us about any other problems you see.
The Women's Grievance Commission will
conduct a careful and confidential investigation
(with your permission) of any complaint you
submit. Then we will be able to talk with
administrators, professors, counsellors, housing
officials and others on your behalf to make them
aware of their discriminatory practices and
encourage them to stop them. We will try to change
the regulations and structures of the university
which hurt the position of women here. We will
certainly hold public hearings on some of the
general problems of women at UBC. But we will
take no action on your case without your consent.
Submit briefs
If you want to call our attention to a problem
of some group of women in the university, it would
be most effective to submit a brief to the
commission, stating the problem, the people it
affects, the evidence available to you, and perhaps
your suggested solutions to it. If you want to tell us
about a personal grievance, please write down the
detailed facts of your situation. Supply us with your
name, address and phone number so that we can
contact you. Bring or send briefs to:
The Women's Grievance Commission
c/o Anthropology/Sociology Department
or Psychology Department
or Philosophy Department
or Microbiology Department
or Political Science Department
If you have any questions about preparing a
brief, or if you want to talk to someone about your
case before writing it down, please call 733-7514, or
681-9691, or 263-7855, or 732-8444, and leave
your name and number for us.
The commission can also provide some
information about dealing with discrimination
against women off-campus. Call us and leave your
The Women's Grievance Commission of UBC:
Mary Barnes (research assistant, Geology); Rene
Carlson (graduate student, TA, Microbiology);
Joyce Fox (research assistant, Psychiatry); Marg
Fryer (graduate student, Psychology); Wanda Horan
(student, Recreation); Meredith Kimball (Assistant
Professor of Pyschology); Diane Latta (student, Arts
I); Julia Levey (Associate Professor of
Microbiology); Isabel MacWhirter (graduate
student, TA, Political Science); Maria Orr (library
assistant, Geology); Lynne Phillips (student, Arts
III); Dorothy Smith (Associate Professor of
Sociology); Susan Waechtler (graduate student, TA,
Philosophy); Lori Whitehead (secretary, Institute of
International Relations).
The Best in
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Hours 9:00 a.m. to 12 p.m.
If you want to have your ideas presented
to the provincial committee,
Get your brief in to the A.M.S. External Affairs Off ice,
SUB 246 by noon Monday.
Your specialty shop in authentic
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682-1123 *        809 THURLOW
The light touch of the masters!
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..Genevieve Buiold
Thursday 24th-7:00
Fri 25th & Sat 26th  SundaY 27th_    a SUB FILM SOC presentation
7:00 & 9:30 7:00 50£ SUB THEATRE Friday, February 25,  1972
Page 3
Psychology graduate students
have found the procedures
outlined for deciding teaching
contract renewals are so vague
they cannot be violated.
No procedures were violated in
the cases of non-tenured
professors Carol Marx and Mike
Humphries, who were refused
contract renewals last year,
because "the procedures are so
vague it is impossible to violate
them," grad student Ron Douglas
said Thursday.
Douglas is one of three
students involved in compiling a
tenure brief which will be
presented this week to psychology
department faculty, graduate and
undergraduate students.
He said the brief contains a
review of the psychology faculty
handbook recommendation and
the arts faculty guidelines for
pre-tenure appointments, contract
renewals and tenure decisions.
According to these
recommended procedures and
guidelines decisions should be
made according to information
obtained concerning their
"teaching effectiveness,
production and research abilities,
ability to generate and maintain
academic strength and balance
and extra service to the
department and the university —
the latter referring to 'busy'
work," he said.
"The main problem is the
senior faculty do not try to find
information in any systematic
manner," said Douglas.
They make their judgments on
the basis of whatever information
happens to "crop up," he said,
rather than soliciting information
from graduate students, the
universities which gave the
professors their degrees, the
professors' students and so on.
In May 1971 Humphries was
denied renewal of his third two
year teaching contract and in
November, 1971 Marx was denied
renewal of her second two-year
(All professors receive these
contracts until they are
considered for tenure. Decisions
as to whether professors will be
given tenure are made after their
first five years of teaching at the
The brief requests the
establishment of a more objective
system of evaluating the
department's faculty and the
reopening of the Humphries and
Marx cases to be judged according
to the establishment of these new
The students completed the
brief last week.
"We began working on it last
November, with the support of
the psychology graduate student
association," said Douglas.
—kini mcddnald photo
SLIGHTLY ALTERED sign perches in crotch of stately tree outside
chemistry undergraduate wing. Believed to be a product of
engineering week a month ago, it still hasn't been removed by usually
eager physical plant types.
Sociology-worker forum set
An open forum entitled Social Science and the
Working Class is scheduled for Tuesday at noon in
Angus 110.
The forum, sponsored by the Alma Mater
Society education committee and the Union of
Radical Social Scientists, is intended to discuss the
question of who is served by contemporary social
science, particularly that which studies people in
work situations.
Sociologist Martin Meissner, a UBC prof and
member of the Institute for Industrial Relations,
will appear on a platform with labor organizer Jack
Scott, a worker for 50 years, was invited to
China by the Chinese Communist Party during the
height of the cultural revolution in 1966.
A background article to the forum appears in
today's Page Friday, on Pf 7.
Med money
cuts probed
Administration president
Walter Gage will appoint an
ad-hoc committee of the UBC
senate to look into the cutting off
of student stipends in the faculty
of medicine's fourth-year
The action was prompted by
student senator Svend Robinson's
presentation before Wednesday
night's senate meeting of a
petition, signed by 85 per cent of
third-year medical students,
deploring the current situation in
the internship training or clinical
clerkship program.
The crisis began with the
recent announcement by
provincial health minister Ralph
Loffmark that grants to hospitals
for training programs would be
cut back.
The first funds to be axed as a
result of Loffmark's
announcement were stipends paid
to UBC medical students for their
work at Vancouver hospitals
within the clinical clerkship
Since the program, which is
part of fourth-year medical
training, allows only two weeks
between third year and fourth
year, students depend on these
stipends to pay their fourth year
education costs.
In addition to the cutoff of
these necessary funds, the
students objected that since
receiving senate approval in
principle of the program in 1969,
dean of medicine John McCreary
has failed to finalize the program,
or indicate how it might be
The petition also urged that a
decision be made as to the correct
balance between time spent in
hospitals in clinical clerkship, and
time spent in the UBC classrooms.
McCreary said while he
supported any effort by senate to
aid the faculty of medicine in
resolving this conflict, it was a
difficult question facing medical
schools all over Canada.
He said Loffmark was
convinced to hold off on the
stipend cut-off which had been set
for April 1.
"The problem will be
presented before the provincial
health department's manpower
committee and it's composed of
doctors," he said, "so I have
doubt that the stipend will
McCreary said he believes
Loffmark misunderstands the
problem. "Of course I support
students in their fight to prevent
the cut-off. They can't be
expected to work at the hospitals
without being paid."
REINCARNATION of Irish writer
Brendan Behan will be presented
at noon Monday in SUB ballroom
by actor Shay Duffin. Cost is 50
cents, or $1 at 8 p.m. show.
Social work
students stay out
SHERBROOKE (CUPI) - Despite administration pressure and
threats of expulsion, 160 of 230 students who last November
established the University of Sherbrooke's "parallel" social work
department have refused to return to regular classes.
The administration demanded students re-register for regular
university courses by midnight last Monday or face explusion.
University spokesmen say no decision has yet been made about
dealing with the 160 students remaining in the renegade department.
The parallel social work department was created after a faculty
decision to abolish the long-established grading system whereby
students and faculty together assigned final marks. When professors
assumed sole responsibility for grading, the students met in general
assembly and said they would only accept a student-faculty equality
The students elected their own 12-member committee to run
the department.
Students have been negotiating with the administration, but
little progress has been made and they have asked for an outside
The administration refused a student request to extend the
re-registration deadline.
&«?:w^:isW&-?i^$ Page 4
Friday,  February 25,   1972
The final leap
It's finally happened at UBC - now that we're a big university,
our own commercial essay producing company crops up.
On page 1 of today's paper, department heads in the arts faculty
call the use of ghost-written and ghost-researched essays "unethical",
"objectionable" and "a mockery" of the traditional university process,
something every academic will say he or she has strived for at UBC.
It might be better to call the phenomena of such essays the
synthesis of that very educational process.
Because, as that process was being developed, UBC was growing,
much to the delight of the above academics.
This growth has divided faculty and students through the resulting
physical size.
The education process in 1972 means lectures, seminars, essays
and exams, not the inter-relationship between faculty and students that
can mean a real education for students.
Students have been forced to cope with this de-humanizing
situation in many different ways.
But those ways, whatever they may be, have, like UBC's growth,
forced the students away from the kind of intellectual development
that is supposed to be part of the traditional education process.
Students had become, we suspected, a little wary of the education
But the student response to UBC's essay bank indicates that some
students are now contemptuous of that process.
For these students the myth of a university education has been
shattered since it is now conceivable to get a degree by phoning Term
Papers Unlimited.
This fact has developed from the de-humanizing growth of UBC.
So it is hard for The Ubyssey to understand the response of
They asked for the big university and they got it.
They've dug the university's grave — now all that is needed is for
these people to leap in.
FEBRUARY 25, 1972
Published Tuesdays, 1 hursdays and Fridays throughout ihe university year
by the Alma Mater Society of the University of B.C. Editorial opinions are
those of the writer and not of the AMS or the university administration.
Member, Canadian University Press. The Ubyssey publishes Page Friday, a
weekly commentary and review. The Ubyssey's editorial offices are located
in room 241K of the Student Union Building.
Editorial    departments,    228-2301,    228-2307;    Page    Friday,    Sports,
228-2305; advertising, 228-3977.
Editor: Leslie Plommer
The sky darkened overhead. The parched dusty street was deserted.
Slowly the saloon gates opened and a shadow crossed the wood-slat walkway.
Sasges was in town. Tilting his head in that strong, slow manner he had, he
yelled. An uncracked, master bellow: "Woodward, come out you urinous
prick!" There was no movement. Then a crisp shuffle. But it was only mama
Kass. "Get off the street," Sasges hissed. "There's gonna be a shoot-out." If he
had yelled "Gold!" more people couldn't have choked the street faster. There
was old Doc Andersen, helped into the street by young doctor Palmer, and
flouncy Sandrella La Shreve, straight out of the saloon. There was sage Stanley
Persky, the only one in town who could spell prophylactic, there was the
chubby-cheeked Gibson lad who had gotten his first taste only the night
before with sleezy, shifty-eyed Dick Betts' sister, and there was gangly,
softheaded Kent Spencer. Even the shining sheriff Mike Gidora and his three
cowardly deputies, Loomis, Sanford and Winkleman showed their quaking
selves. But Woodward never showed. He slept. The sun set.
Open letter to Dr. Bluman:
The Union of Radical Social
Scientists strongly endorses your
just stand on racism in the
university. The attitudes
expressed in the EUS newsletter
are indicative of a profound
sickness in our whole society.
We feel this sickness is not
psychological but lies in the
structural relationships of a
capitalist society which divides
the people to maintain the elite in
Your position is an indication
of the stand any responsible
intellectual must take.
Racism will not pass away but
must be defeated through
URSS Collective
Prior to last Friday night, I was
only mildly irritated by the
inadequate bicycle paths leading
into UBC. They were, I thought, a
great nuisance and danger but
were not worth my getting
involved or upset.
Friday night, however, I
became literally quite upset. While
riding back from Campus on the
south sidewalk along University
Boulevard (UBC's pathetic excuse
for a bicycle path) I collided with
a young boy walking towards the
campus. I had my light on but it,
like almost all bicycle lights, was
inadequate to clearly illuminate
my way.
The boy, meanwhile, was
partially blinded by the glare of
oncoming car headlights and thus
never saw my light. The sidewalk
itself was so rough that merely
staying upright and avoiding tree
roots was my prime concern.
Consequently, I never saw the
boy, nor he me, until a second or
two before we collided. At the
collision, I was flung headlong
over the handlebars and the boy
was knocked flat. I received a
number of cuts, bruises and
strains and my 10-speed was
scarcely in shape to ride, but the
boy was far more gravely hurt.
My handlebars had caught him
squarely on the forehead and had
torn off a surprisingly large chunk
of skin and hair. It took him
several minutes to regain his
senses, and then he had to go to
the hospital for treatment.
If either he or I could be held
wholly culpable for the accident,
there would be no real basis for
outcry. But, in truth, neither of us
was at fault, for I was riding a
lighted bicycle along a so-called
cycle path and he was merely
walking along a sidewalk.
The ridiculously inadequate
lighting along the boulevard could
be held partly to blame for the
accident, but the absence of a
bicycles-only pathway was
essentially the true cause of it.
Accidents and near-accidents
such as this are far from
infrequent. Earlier this year I was
spilled from my bike when forced
off the narrow sidewalk by
another bicycle, and just recently
I was following a girl who fell
from her bike while swerving to
avoid two pedestrians.
The ever-growing numbers of
cycling students has made a
genuine bicycle path a necessity.
By     refusing     to     properly
acknowledge this need, highways
minister Wesley Black and the
UBC administration are guilty of
showing blatant unconcern for the
safety of both cyclists and
Until some noble cyclist does
martyr himself, however, it
appears nothing will be done to
rectify the situation. If Mr. Black
is going to insist there are no real
dangers now, I wish he'd at least
help me clean the blood off my
Jim Scott,
Arts 3.
SUB cue
On behalf of the SUB
management committee I would
like to thank you for your
editorial of Feb. 4, 1972; 'Taking
our Cue!'
Hopefully, it will help to
familiarize students with a few of
the maintenance problems of the
games area.
Your complaints of bent cues
and poorly colored snooker balls
are valid. However, there are
several reasons why this situation
Billiard cues are constantly
being bent over the players'
shoulders or being used as a
leaning post between shots. A slim
maple stick 5 feet long tapered
from 25 mm to 10 mm is not very
well suited for these purposes.
Our experience indicates that
brand new cues are deformed in
some way within three weeks of
going on the racks.
As an indication of the use and
abuse, from Sept. 1, 1970 to
April 31, 1971, we replaced 1,070
cue tips. 148 cues were broken,
164 cue-bumpers replaced, 14
table-rest hooks broken, two
triangles smashed, five snooker
balls stolen, two bowling balls and
38 towels stolen. Statistics
indicate that this year will be
There are presently 160 cues in
service, of which we judge at least
100 to be quite satisfactory. At
four cues per table, the maximum
in use at one time is 72 cues. Any
player should be able to find an
acceptable cue, although the
choice in weight may be limited at
these times.
Having failed previously to
keep new cues in good shape we
adopted a new policy this year.
Six dozen new cues were
purchased at a cost of over
Anyone can reseuve one of
these cues in his or her choice of
weight. These are personal cues,
tagged with your name, and kept
behind the desk. For this service
we ask a deposit of $10.00,
refundable with the return of the
cue in one piece. So far 20
students have taken advantage of
this service.
Poor colored snooker balls are
a real problem. There are two
kinds of balls available locally.
One is the bright red English
manufactured ball, the other is
the duller colored brownish-red
Belgian ball. We have attempted
to replace stolen balls, and to buy
new sets, with the English type.
Unfortunately, they are not
always available. Budget
permitting, we hope to have all
matched sets next fall. Sometimes
an odd ball gets mixed into a set.
If possible it will be replaced on
Again thank you.
Rick Murray,
SUB Management
I would like to commend The
Ubyssey on its Exposure column
for consumers. Smolensky has
done a very good job up 'til now
exposing various rip-offs and
investigating wide-ranging frauds
for the consumer.
What I would like to know is
how do you justify the contents
of the column of Feb. 22 as
relating to consumers? The
column took the time to slur the
English department, the Christmas
exam schedule, the UBC
Goodyear track, and the drug
studies of the UBC psychiatric
and medicine departments.
Granted, several of these
subjects are wide open to criticism
and are valid copy for the paper,
but do the events in the English
department and the drug studies
really affect the consumer per se?
It occurs to me that perhaps
your Consumer column is a
popular one and that you may be
using it as a vehicle for your own
causes. Give it back to Smolensky
and the consumer.
Harvey Kirk,
Forestry 3.
Smolensky was sick early this
week from a surfeit of pizzas and
Ron Basford speeches. We had a
general Zap column about the
university on hand, so we put it in
the consumer column, choosing to
give the word consumer a broad
See page 13: LETTERS r.,
\r.. \
r -
Page Friday GRAD CLASS
Thursday, March 2,  1972
—vote on class gift,
constitution changes
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Brown, New Press, $2.95.
"... an indispensible
guide to all that the hip
traveller needs to know to get
out of Europe, and into
Turkey, Iran, Afghanistan,
West Pakistan, Nepal and
In order to achieve a
reasonable perspective on this
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reconstruct this marvellous
creature the 'hip traveller'.
The hip traveller, being an
aficionado of the various
products of the hemp plant,
and having received a windfall
of 500 or more dollars, has
decided to visit the fabled
Eastern lands where his
favorite substance is
manufactured. This traveller
knows nothing of Asian
history, architecture, art,
languages or culture and is
leaving tomorrow. (This book
contains capsules on all of the
above, representing the bare
minimum of information.)
This . traveller, above all,
wishes to associate with his
kind (tips on how to find
"the   scene")  all  along  the
road to Kathmandu. This
young man (the book seems
to be addressed to the
18-year-old male) will derive
his three dollars worth from
these pages — it will even give
him tips on correct behaviour
for his "chick". I may add
that the book is written in
groovy colloquial style with
bags of cool argot and slang.
While Brown includes lots
of little tidbits of useful
information on currencies,
systems of weights and
measures, c h e a p
transportation (though he
points out the last is subject
to change), his sections on
languages are next to useless
as he neglects to include the
most important of the polite
phrases which gladden the
ears of the native speaker —
the ceremonious ways of
greeting, asking after health,
As far as this book goes, it
is good. His information is
generally accurate. Although
it leans a bit heavily toward
low cost travel as competition
(listing cop-outs, such as
taking   buses   or   planes,  in
order of acceptability), his
attitude toward travel in
foreign lands is basically sane.
The reference to travel as
competition will be clear to
anyone who has spent time in
a freak hotel and heard the
epic stories of the heroes who
travel from Paris to
Kathmandu on nothing.
Staying in Lahore and hearing
the lurid tales the urban
Pakistanis have to tell of the
'hippie colonies' in their
railroad station, I could feel
the resentment against these
feckless travellers from
industrial nations of the West
who panhandle and live off
the local residents. Young
Westerners on the road have a
not undeserved reputation for
clannishness, rudeness, and
unclean habits.
One truth which I would
emphasize - on a trip like
this knowledge is moore
valuable than gold. The most
valuable knowledge one can
have is that of languages. A
little knowledge of history
will enrich the experience
gained from travel, but the
ability to understand what is
said to you or even the ability
to say "it's a beautiful day"
can provide a whole new
experience, and change the
world around you.
-John Cull
Revolutionary gospel
Campus Minister
Prison Journals of a Priest
Revolutionary: Phillip
Berrigan, Ballantine Books,
This work of Berrigan is
his rationale for his
movement from priest
(Christian) for peace to
criminal for peace and
fugitive from "justice."
Berrigan and his fellow
Christians have become, for a
growing number of people,
prophetic witnesses. From
speaking out against the
Vietnam war during the
sixties, a community emerged
that moved into non-violent
civil disobedience. This
included the pouring of blood
over Selective Service records.
They went underground to
avoid going to jail but were
eventually caught and
charged with, among other
things, a plot to kidnap U.S.
presidential advisor Henry
Kissinger. Phil Berrigan and
others are at present on trial
for the so-called Harrisburg
Conspiracy to determine if
they did in fact plot the
All of this does not seem
possible with the churches'
record of supporting the
establishment. Berrigan's
book reminds us that there is
a difference between the
Christian faith (the gospel)
and the church as institution.
It is the gospel that gives the
rational for Berrigan's action.
"Two things above all - the
Gospel and what Christians
call community. They finally
led me out of religious
liberalism into Christian
radicalism." But this point
leads back to the church.
To act revolutionary, that is
to have the power to be
people, we need community.
The gospel is a very
communal thing - it is given
to community and comes out
of community. In the biblical
records the new life for an
individual is dependent on
liberation of society. The
church at its best has been
that type of community or
has given life to liberating
communities. Thus for
Berrigan one can be both a
churchman (true that means a
member of a community that
is at odds with the institution
for the most part) and
committed to radical change.
The gospel that informs
Christians like Berrigan is the
biblical witness that God's
concern or purpose is to bring
justice. Righteousness, an Old
Testament word, is
accomplished when all people
have power, when there are
no more rich, when we cease
to exploit one another, when
we see one another as people.
In other words the gospel is
concerned with the liberation
of people from those
structures that dehumanize
us, societal and personally.
The gospel is a very political
Christian proclamation lies
with the mobilization and
intensification of forces
pressing for change, for these
are the forces which bear
most concretely the promise
of the new. In this context
the Christian can give
concrete expression to the
liberating promise of the
gospel only through radical
identification with the
struggle for change. Jesus'
message and ministry was one
of giving power to those who
had no power, a promise of
freedom, of release to the
captives, and of good news to
the poor. Jesus' style was to
identify, to encourage those
who had no power to take
power. This was a continuous
process of identifying with
those who were left out. It is
revolutionary in the sense
that it works always to a
situation when power is
shared, and is radical in the
sense it calls every stage of
change into question and says
it is not good enough.
If this all sounds like a
sermon, it is because that is
what Berrigan's book is. It is
a call to radical change, for
the Christian to live up to
his/her calling to participate
in that change. Berrigan does
just that. That is why some
Christians are involved in the
left on campus.
In that situation they
identified with the major
group concerned with a
human unversity. But even
there we were reminded how
brutalized we are . .. afraid
to change .. . our friends
calling us nonenities.. . The
gospel demands that
communities and individuals
be given power so we no
longer live off one another.
The gospel as revolution?
Yes, as in Berrigan's words:
"You can call it a new type
of power. You can call it the
type of power that would be
dependent upon the original
concept of service. In other
words, a man's impact upon
the community depends upon
his qualifications for service.
And the constant testing by
the community of his
service ... the big need ... is
that the present style of
power be engaged, that it be
stalemated, shamed, and even
excoriated in some instances,
and condemned, and
hopefully reduced to
The revolutionary, then, is
the one who acts by serving.
Page Friday, 2
Friday, February 25,  1972 De Sica: Guardian of the
Fancy Continis
Garden of the Finzi-Continis,
directed   by   Vittorio   de
Well, another lush Italian
movie, I thought. Sure
enough, this so-called film
about racism and fascism in
1938 Italy was what it looked
like, a sequel to The
Conformist, equally decadent
and unanalytical. And what
was at least interesting in II
Conformista, the almost
surrealistic fetishchism and
allegory, ground to a drably
gaudy    halt    in   De   Sica's
version. I kept on thinking, as
I looked at the wastefully
elegant sets, the estate and
furniture, that it must have
been a pretty big budget.
Ironically De Sica claims (in
an interview with the New
York Times, where else) that
he felt he had to make "The
Garden" as an act of
atonement and as a warning
against fascism. Come off it,
all Zionism aside, Vittorio,
we're just supposed to look at
the movie stars, right?
In the guarded garden live
the senior Finzi-Continis,
appropriately white haired
and sedate, their two
unearthly blond children of
twenty or so, Alberto and
Michol, and their several
Aryan servants (who in the
course of the film become
illegal) and their toothless
mottled Great Dane. Needless
to say, the Finzi-Continis are
heavily into the bourgeoisie,
and incidentally Jewish. Their
mansion oozes good breeding
and culture, is bursting with
art treasures and a superior
library. They have made it,
and are aloof and plush.
Because they have made it
and are plush, when the big
purge hits Ferrara and the
young Jewish bourgeois are
expelled from the Tennis
Club, they suspend their
former aloofness and open
their gates. In comes a host of
beautiful and naive children,
and Giorgio, Michol's
childhood friend (who has
developed an anything but
childish passion for her and
his and Alberto's friend, who
is a communist factory
worker. The plot sickens and
is overlaid with a gooey
veneer of meolodramatic
music, punctuating for the
uninformed audience, the
"necessary tragic moments".
Giorgio comes from a
moderate middle class family;
his father though Jewish, and
therefore persecuted, is a
member of the Fascist party
and remains one through the
various steps of harassment
called down upon Semites by
II Duce. Giorgio is an
intellectual rebel, alienated
and adventuristic, yet tied
into an absurd idolatry for
Michol, who is expressionless
and cool towards him, but in
turn, ravaged by an
incestuous passion for her
brother. "We're not
ordinary," she says to
Giorgio, "if we were lovers, it
would be like making love to
my brother." Which is what
she wants to do, but doesn't.
Sequestred passion. Familiar?
If you saw II Conformista the
patterns are becoming all too
boringly obvious. She
distantly rebuffs the worker
for being too communistic
and hairy, when in fact he is
the only interesting person
apart from Giorgio in the
entire scene. By the way, he
gets bumped off in the Soviet
Union, having been drafted
by the Fascists (since he is
not a Jew) and so ironically
fighting on the wrong side —
the only real tragedy that
occurs. Before this, however,
Michol fucks him, which kills
her already wasted brother,
and finally seals the death of
Giorgio's frenzied
infatuation. Got all that?
That's what De Sica wants us
to concentrate on; the rest is
merely historical backdrop
for the faded tragedy of a
'beautiful and unapproachable' Jewish family in a
country strangled by Fascism.
Turns out, it's no warning
against Fascism. We're left
with the ho r ribly
melodramatic scene of the
Finzi-Continis stripped of
their estate and bustled off
by the authorities. The soft
strains of music are once
again     tugging     at     our
sympathetic and anti-racist
heartstrings. "What will
happen to them? ..." Only
our historical hindsight can
tell. If De Sica's earlier flicks,
"The Bicycle Thief and
"Shoeshine" were about
proletarian struggle, why not
this one? Why feed an already
glutted and tottering
bourgeois culture with more
bourgeois ideology? No
analysis of the emergence of
fascism is presented, no
treatment of the communist
element. No content. Just
more tinsel and glitter for the
film industry which, no
doubt, could make interesting
political documentaries, but
doesn't. For good reason. As
Sartre suggests, the engaged
artist knows that to reveal is
to change, and that one can
reveal only by planning to
change. For De Sica, who,
admittedly makes movies for
money, and other capitalistic
movie hacks, there's no plan
to change or reveal the
contradictions of what is
their livelihood, bourgeois
—Barb Coward (reprinted
from "Rebel Student")
a publication of the
UBC Radical Union.
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Tues. - 12:30 * SUB Party Room
Friday, February 25,  1972
Page Friday, 3 Indians:    A    Sketching   Odyssey.   Joe
Rosenthal, Clark Irwin, $15.00.
Joe Rosenthal has written and drawn a
book about a summer he spent with
different Indian bands in Canada.
The hardcover edition is 80 pages and
costs $15.00. The high price may in part
be explained by the big pages (10"xl2")
but Indians could have been printed by
photo offset in a paper back edition and
sold for from $2.00 to $4.00: and still
have made a tidy profit for the publisher.
It's clear that Clark-Irwin is not interested
in a readership for this book; instead they
want a market. The audience they have in
mind is a wealthy segment of the
bourgeoisie who can afford to decorate
their coffee tables with 'culture'.
Nobody should have to pay $15 for a
reproduction of a journal of any artist.
This is a journal, rnd a good one I think.
Drawings of a
native summer
approach was impossible. I could
not avoid becoming involved with
my subjects as human beings."
The   Indians are  more  than  'human
beings'. They are a people who have been
brutally slaughtered and culturally almost
ruined.   Once   the  Indian peoples  were
beaten   they   were  shunted  away  into
reserves    and    kept    there     through
government and religious oppression. The
racist attitudes among white Canadians
has    given    the    government's    Indian
program   the   'consent   of  the   people'.
Rosenthal gives a good account of what it
was like for him at eight places in Canada
where Indians were in 1969. Often the
honest writing in the commentary makes
the particular conditions of the visitor
available to the reader. Rosenthal
recognizes the lack of trust that Indians
often have of a white visitor and he
appreciates their willingness to accept
anyone who is not antagonistic toward
I have never met Joe Rosenthal so here
is my fantasy of him. He more or less
makes his living from art. Probably he
stayed too long in whatever art school he
went to, but fortunately the art school
didn't ruin him. One or two of the
portraits in here (in the Calgary Stampede
section) look like those black velvet jobs
often seen in Canadian pubs, but for the
most part the drawings show strong iquick
lines. Many of the drawings are very
beautiful, especially those of people that
Rosenthal is involved with. My favourites
are a portrait of a eighty-five year old
basket-weaver, and one of an elderly
whaler with his blind wife.
Unfortunately, Joe Rosenthal is like
many artists these days. He does not
understand the relationship of art and
politics, or how the intensely personal
activity of drawing or writing does relate
to the public political activity. The blurb
on the jacket tries to arouse my interest
in Joe, but he comes on like the typical
fucked up artist:
"As a artist my primary interest in
visiting the tribes was artistic. I had
thought of the Indians as models,
providing me with new subject
matter. But I found that such an
Scratch any Canadian long enough and he
will sooner or later tell you how slow,
dirty and lazy the Indians are.
My contention is that Indians; A
Sketching Odyssey is faced with serious
and complicated political problems. How
can a member of a conquering people do
a work of art on the conquered people
that is enlightening politically to both
peoples. Certainly not, as Rosenthal
agrees, by seeing: 'the Indians as models,
providing me with new subject matter'.
(This is, I think, the prevailing attitude
toward art among most professional
artists in Canada and it is a completely
false notion of art. By professional artists,
I mean those who do art and get paid for
If the alienated notion of model and
subject matter are dropped, and the artist
accepts Indians as human beings, then
what? Then you get a pretty good book
about    Indians,    with    on    the    spot
descriptions   of   the   horrible   drinking
brawl   that  goes  on  each  year at the
Williams  Lake  Stampede,  of how  the
fishing industry is squeezing out all the
small boat fishermen by limiting times
and seasons so that only big boats can
make a living at fishing, and other tales of
oppressed    living.    There    are    stories
showing the courage that Indians muster
daily in order to live with some dignity.
Indians,    is    not    without   political
enlightenment. There is a fine passage
near    the   end   of   the   book   where
Rosenthal recounts a conversation with a
politically conscious Indian. The young
person     criticizes    Canadian     school
textbooks for not describing the 'settling'
of Canada as a war of conquest that
destroyed existing Indian settlements. He
carefully explained the roles of
Poundmaker and Big Bear as organizers in
a protest that eventually aligned itself
with the Metis, and fought the Riel
Rebellion in 1885. He pointed out that
the whites who had cheated the Indians
were the same ones that jailed Big Bear
and Poundmaker.
This kind of sophisticated historical
analysis and the political proposal for self
directed Indian communities were
conversations that Rosenthal encountered
often. The Canadian Indians have already
begun their struggle against their
oppressive condition. The struggle is
often seen as centering in the young
militants 'so much referred to in the
news' as Joe says. The incredible thing is
that although he hears the political
analysis of the young educated Indians,
and sees their struggle for self directed
communities, he sweeps all this under the
rug in his closing remarks. Rosenthal
History   has   marked   the   Indian
culture for extinction. Indeed the
process is far advanced. But men
make history and men can reverse
this process. The question we must
ask ourselves now is what steps will
be taken to preserve the cultural
heritage of these people to whom
we owe a heavy debt?
Well Joe, you're an insulting son of a
bitch.   First  of all, when these young
militant Indians say they are struggling
for self directed communities they mean
it. They want to control their own means
of production, make  their  art, get  an
education, etc. etc., and that is what is
called   culture.   So   don't   sweep   them
under the rug and offer your incredible
white man bullshit solution — which is to
turn   the   reservations   into   even   more
alienated museum committees where WE
preserve the 'cultural heritage' of these
people. If there are Indians alive that
know   what   is   happening   then   their
culture is alive. Culture isn't preserved by
fitting it into glass cases or buildings and
as an artist you should know that and
join in a peoples' struggle to maintain
their culture. Culture is a training of the
mind    (education),    not    merely    the
production   of   artifacts   that   can   be
preserved once you buy them up.
Rosenthal puts the kiss of death on
the Indian culture and then he wants to
revive the corpse a little with some
heartfelt but rather liberal support.
Throughout the book he is sympathetic
to the people he meets. He knows the
incredible wrong the Indians have been
"Our   record  is   dealing with the
Indians    has    been    less    than
creditable and there is no reason to
expect that if ihe matter is left in
non-Indian hands any improvement
can be expected. What makes me
optimistic, however, is the growing
self-confidence of the Indian people
themselves and their determination
to take their fate into their own
hands.  In  this emerging spirit  of
independence  lies  the  hope   that
Indian    culture    will   reassert   its
uniqueness and take its hononable
place in the Canadian mosaic."
Now wait a minute Joe. The struggle is
for self directed communities, right? But
in the same sentence you're doing it to
them just like all those other white men.
If Indians have self directed communities
they just might not want no 'honorable
place   in   the   Canadian   mosaic'   Joe,
Canada is not some promised land. Just as
Indians are struggling to free their culture
of Canadian  oppression, we Canadians
must struggle to free ourselves of our
oppression. It is in many ways the same
struggle. Engaging in struggle against the
capitalist economic domination of our
country by Canadian and foreign
capitalists might make our country
desirable for our Indian brothers and
sisters. We might gain their sympathy
through our own struggle. But you're
being an insulting son of a bitch again if
you think those militant young Indians
want any part of the Canadian status quo.
I think that Indians: A Sketching
Odyssey is an art book that very clearly
could have been improved if the artist
had thought out the politics of such a
book. The claim of this review is that art
needs political understanding and politics
needs the understanding of the world that
art brings to us.
-Brian DeBeck
Page Friday, 4
Friday,  February 25,  1972 Maurice Meisner, Li Ta-Chao and The
Origins of Chinese Marxism (Atheneum,
N.Y., 1967, 1970, $3.25)
As Mao Tse-tyng notes in an essay "On
The People's Democratic Dictatorship"
written in mid-1949, "It was through the
Russians that the Chinese found Marxism.
Before the October (1917) Revolution,
the Chinese were not only ignorant of
Lenin and Stalin, they did not even know
of Marx and Engels. The salvoes of the
October Revolution brought us
Marxism-Leninism. The October
Revolution helped progressives in China,
as throughout the world, to adopt the
proletarian world outlook as the
instrument for studying a nation's destiny
and considering anew their own
The Chinese revolutionary who first
enthusiastically responded to the Russian
Revolution of 1917 as offering a solution
to the brutal conditions of life in his
country and who subsequently initiated
serious study of Marxist thought in China
was a professor of history and librarian at
Peking University named Li Ta-Chao..
Meisner's Li Ta-Chao and The Origins
of Chinese Marxism - a tremendously
helpful book for anyone who wants to
begin understanding modern Chinese
political thought — is both "a study of
the intellectual evolution of China's first
Marxist" and a discussion of the
reception and transformation of Marxist
ideas in China.
As a political leader, Li was one of the
founders of the Chinese Communist Party
in 1921 and directed its activities in
northern China during the turbulent 20s
until his murder in 1927 (at the age of
39) by feudal warlords and the right-wing
nationalists whom Mao Tse-tung
eventually defeated twenty years later.
Equally important, Li "was the first to
undertake the task of adapting Marxism
to the Chinese environment. . . Li's
interpretation of Marxist doctrine
profoundly influenced both the thought
and actions of a whole generation of
future Chinese Communist leaders. Not
the least of these was his young assistant
at the Peking University Library in the
crucial winter months of 1918-19, Mao
Li grew up in the despairing period
1910-20 when the collapse of the last
Chinese dynasty gave way to a series of
shaky 'republics' largely dominated by
local warlords. Prior to becoming a
Marxist revolutionary ii was one of a
group of young Chinese intellectuals
(many of whom, like Li, had semi-exiled
themselves in Japan) who believed in a
mixture of Confucian ethics and western
liberal democracy.
Many of these people retreated into a
life of cultural quietism (not unlike a lot
of the university professors at UBC). Li
Ta-Chao, however, conceived of the role
of the intellectual as one of direct service
to his people and country and he could
see no other way of doing that except
through political activity. (Again, to draw
the relevant parallel, Li believed that
people at the university must get involved
in social issues — an idea very much in
opposition to the aloofness practiced by
most teachers and students at UBC.)
In reviewing the life and thought of Li
Ta—Chao, it occurs to me (as a university
intellectual) how much I find myself
admiring the kind of teacher Li
apparently was. Faced with a narrow
university curriculum (which is still a
problem we face), Li began
extracurricular teaching, meeting
regularly with a group of students in his
office in a Marxist study group.
Again, unlike many contemporary
professors, Li didn't see his job as simply
offering another interpretation of the
world; rather, he proposed to change the
world. How many teachers do you know
of at UBC who teach their students to
take action? Who don't see their theories
as an end in themselves, but believe that
their theories are useful only insofar as
Before Mao
they provide an intelligent basis for doing
something in the world?
Li taught students to join him in
political work. He, himself, participated
in demonstrations (at a time when
demonstrations were not as safe as, say,
our Amchitka protest) and he went out
of the university after classes and helped
and yet we have a situation where almost
everybody is forced to work — the
existing relationships of production — or
they don't eat. Such a situation will lead
to explosive conflict, our theory
suggests.) That's the explanation this
theory offers of how we went from
feudalism to capitalism and how
capitalism is changing into socialism.
One way of reading this theory is to
see it as a self-propelled process not very
much affected by our ideas and actions.
The theory has the danger of being
mechanistic rather than human, fatalistic
instead of human-willed, determined
rather than dependent on the voluntary
actions of people. And, of course, a great
deal of this kind of reading did take
place. Most modern interpreters of Marx's
theory, however, place emphasis on those
parts of Marx's writing which balance out
railroad workers organize into a union (at
a time when a Chinese industrial
proletariat was just beginning to develop).
The activism of Li's political life is also
to be found in his theories.
The basis of the theory Li was going to
adopt as a guide to political action — the
theory of Karl Marx — is an economic
interpretation of history. This way of
looking at what human beings have done
suggests that we first have to examine
how people get their food, shelter and
other basic necessities. How they make
things. The economic relationships people
form with each other and their
environment constitute the foundations
of society. Out of this foundation a
'superstructure' of legal, social, political
and spiritual processes of life arises.
Further, this way of looking at the
world says that at a certain stage in the
development of an economic system the
material forces of production come into
conflict with the existing relationships of
production and that this leads to a social
revolution. (To use a contemporary
example: modern technology — our
forces of production — can produce more
than enough of what we need and
requires relatively few workers to do it.
this view and stress the importance of
people's political action in changing the
economic system.
Li Ta-Chao was particularly interested
in the possible "conflict between the
economically deterministic assumptions
of Marxist theory and the Marxist
emphasis on the importance of political
consciousness: 'We are unable to consider
correct (those) who say that economic
phenomena have an unshakeable and
unbending nature and that the ideas and
activities of groups must entirely submit
to them.' He insisted that political forces
could change the direction of economic
developments and argued that socialism
must be based upon ethical principles and
aim to achieve a spiritual as well as a
material reformation."
Given that Li had a social theory that
emphasised material foundations and yet
suggested that you had to go through the
stage of capitalism in order to get to
socialism, and given that he lived in a
China permeated by economic misery - a
China that didn't have a developed
capitalism — it's easy to see that he was
required to critically examine his theory
and attempt to fashion it to thg cause of
revolution in China.
Equally important in this theory is the
idea that as these material forms become
more complex, human beings become
increasingly alienated from themselves
and each other and more and more
enslaved to the products, ideas and
institutions they've created. This
revolutionary theory also suggests that in
a very complex economic stage — like
capitalism — the material forces give rise
to a whole class of people so totally
alienated and dehumanized that they are
forced to recognize what's happening to
them and launch an international struggle
to change the world.
Li Ta-Chao paid particular attention to
how this working class could become
aware of its conditions and how they
could turn their class awareness or
consciousness into class struggle. That is,
this awareness of conditions can be
turned into revolutionary conditions
"only if seized upon and directed by a
conscious activity that has in mind the
socialist goal. Not the slightest natural
necessity or automatic activity guarantees
the transition from capitalism to
socialism." (This is a passage from
Herbert Marcuse that Meisner quotes to
point out Li's insistance on activism.)
Meisner writes, "Li seized upon the
theory of class struggle since it explicitly
recognized that people consciously
participate in the making of history. In
Marxism it is the link between the basic
economic laws of history and the
practical political activities of people."
In Li's hands the idea of class struggle
tended to drift away from its economic
moorings and become centered upon the
element of consciousness and to acquire
highly nationalistic overtones, Meisner
says. (In fact, eventually, Li, like Mao
after him, was to see the revolutionary
peasantry as a leading group in the class
struggle that was to take place in China.)
Li borrowed the idea of "mutual aid"
from the Russian anarchist Kropotkin in
order to counter what he regarded as the
too deterministic evolutionary idea of
"the survival of the fittest" that was
current then. The idea of mutual aid
insists that change comes about as much
through co-operation as through struggle.
Li then undertook to reconcile the ideas
of mutual aid and class struggle by
suggesting that class struggle was of
primary importance in the present
pre-socialist societies and that in
post-capitalist society the doctrine of
mutual aid would be the basis of
economic organization. In presenting the
idea of mutual aid what Li sought to do
was give, the place of volumtary human
action as much importance as possible.
Finally, Li put forward the idea that
China was a country oppressed more by
the capitalists of other countries (by
imperialism, that is) than anything else.
In a sense, then, all of China was a
"proletarian nation". As a country it was
like this working-class in Marx's
revolutionary theory which was so
alienated it would be forced to come to
self-consciousness and struggle. Seeing his
country as a class-country in the world
economic system is the basis of Li's
nationalism (again, this is an anticipation
of later Maoist thought). Thus, Li
believed, Meisner writes, that "though
lacking the industrial preconditions for
socialism, China was ready for a Marxist
socialist movement and could join with
the forces of the world proletarian
revolution because the Chinese people as
a whole suffered under the yoke of
international capitalism."
Li Tao-Chao's thought is far-ranging
and more deeply philosophical (in dealing
with general problems such as time,
action and ethical thought) than I've
suggested here. Meisner's study gives us
an appreciation of this remarkable activist
who dared to think dangerous thought in
a world where that thought, giving rise to
struggle, would lead to his death.
- Stan Persky
Friday, February 25,  1972
Page Friday, 5 YOUR PRESCRIPTION . . .
. . . For Glaum
for that smart look in glatoM ...
look to
Piesctibtion Optical
Student Discount Given
Monday, Feb. 28
12:30—50' 8 P.M.—$1.00
-presented by SPECIAL EVENTS
All Students
Applications are now being
received for chairman and
members of the
following committees:
Academic Activities Committee
Canadian University Services Overseas
Community Visitation Committee
Frosh Orientation Committee
Homecoming Committee
Intramurals Committee
Speakers Committee
Special Events Committee
World University Services Committee
Deadline for applications is  12:30 p.m.  Wednesday,
March 8th.
For   eligibility forms  and/or  information,   come  to  the AMS
Secretary's Office, SUB 248.
9Lo the Romantics
For those of us familiar
with the romantic operas, or
merely opera, the Vancouver
Opera Association's current
offering of Leoncavallo's
Cavalleria Rusticana and
Mascagni's Pagliacci must be
considered a disappointment.
Cavalleria and Pagliacci are
traditional and of the Italian
verismo, or realist school.
One of the best loved of the
one act operatic duos, they
present the harsh, base facets
of human nature.
As all art must, opera
carefully reflects the
dominant themes of history.
Verismo reflected the grating
materialism sweeping Europe
in the late nineteenth
century. It diminished the
emotional flow of Romantic
opera, stressing instead the
impact of drama, the
acuteness of music.
The Verismo school —
Leoncavallo, Mascagni and
Puccini — dwells on the
individual, usually of
common, rather than
aristocratic origin, and his
problems. Bizet's Carmen
realistically portrays the less
fortunate elements of Parisian
life; Cavalleria and Pagliacci
reflect the inflamed passions
of peasants, soldiers and
The. skillfully contrived
happy endings of the
Romantic period give way to
attempts to shock and horrify
in the realist school.
Verismo's representation of
materialism in 1880 is equally
a rejection of romanticism.
Cavalleria and Pagliacci, as
representatives of the realist
epoch, suffer in their attack
on romanticism, if only
because of the negativisim,
disillusionment and sense of
defeat. Dawning in the period
of Rousseau, nurtured by the
spirit of enlightment, the
Romantics gave hope and
enthusiasm to most of their
Mozart's Don Giovanni,
Beethoven's Fidelio, Rossini's
Barber off Seville and Verdi's
many beloved works offered
revolts of their own against
classicism, but most retained
a newly awakened spirit of
emotion, adventure and a
preoccupation with the
Passionate love themes
played before a background
of spectacular pageants. To
quote Milton Cross: "The
penchant of the Romanticists
was for pageant, melodrama
and theme of high tragedy."
The great Italian romantic
spokesman Rossini, retains a
position unchallenged by the
realists in the minds of
Guiseppe Verdi and
Richard Wagner brought the
Romantic movement to its
pinnacle. Verdi's lyric gift
and development of
continuous, melodic line
endeared his works to
millions. In Wagner, whole
civilizations burning with
vitality, shouted their joy of
life, reflecting the strong
nationalist theme of the
Both Cav and Pag gave
their composers initial
success; and successes that
neither Mascagni nor
Leoncavallo were able to
repeat. Cav, which opened in
Rome in 1890, stimulated a
flurry of imitations of which
only Mascagni's Pagliacci
The two one act operas
each portray the loves, hates
and jealousies of the ever
present human game, the love
triangle. In each, besmirched
honor retaliates with death
for our weaker brethren. No
moral appears, only
vengeance; this is verismo.
Ironically titled "Rustic
Chivalry", Cay deals with
anything but cnivalry. Set in
a Sicilian village, Cav is a
suscinct tale of honor
avenged, of death for Turiddu
who has flaunted his affairs
with Santuzza and Lola alike.
Soprano Gloria Lane as
Santuzza offered a power and
clarity of voice to enhance
any opera. Unfortunately, to
the detriment of the opera, it
contains but one melodic
duet, one flicker in an
otherwise mediocre score.
Napolean Bisson as Alfio and
Salvador Nofoa as Turiddu
wach have the vocal
excellence and experience to
enhance any performance;
unfortunately, Cav neglects
to  provide  the opportunity.
The best remembered, the
savored moment of Cavalleria
is merely the overture to the
second scene. Not the choral
work, not the efforts of an
excellent cast, can surmount
. an unimaginative, disjointed
Mascagni's Pagliacci will
survive long after Cavalleria;
melancholy and depressing in
mood, Pag at least sustains a
lively, musical consistency.
Beverly Fyfe's choral work
provides enjoyable balance
and support to a series of
good arias and duets.
Napoleon Bisson as the
clown finds ample scope for
his rich baritone voice, denied
him in Cav. Heather
Thompson as Nedda, and
Francisco Lazaro as Canio,
provide excellent support.
Only Richard Stilwell as
Silvio, Nedda's lover, fails his
role. Sung well, the duets of
Pagliacci provide immense
enjoyment; Stilwell's
inexperience forced Miss
Thomson to valiantly rescue a
drastic rendition.
As in Cav, the overture in
Pagliacci struck a respondent
chord between the aisles.
Except for Miss Lane, the
evening's highest accolade,
the resounding applause,
went to the orchestra and
their beautifully melancholy
VOA policy attempts a
blend, a gamut of operatic
offerings, thus Pag and Cav.
For many aficionadoes, the
experimentation is enjoyed;
for the majority of
Vancouverites, at best it is a
new experience.
Years ago, in the waiting
period before curtain time,
audiences at the London
Savoy spent the moments
joyously humming, tapping
and singing the lively,
frolicsome songs of Gilbert
and Sullivan works.
In Vancouver a similar
atmosphere attends the great
romantic operas. Though
more restrained, opera buffs
sense and anticipate each
beloved aria, each duet.
Give us back the
Cavalleria and Pagliacci
conclude Saturday, February
26th at Queen Elizabeth
—Jim Adams
Page Friday, S
Friday,  February 25,   1972 Sociology & the working class
Who are Jack Scott and
Martin Meissner, and why, in all
probability, will they be arguing
with one another Tuesday at
Martin Meissner is an
industrial sociologist, a member
of the Institute for Industrial
Relations. Its raison d'etre is the
study of industrial working
conditions and tensions. Its
money comes, by and large, not
from workers themselves but
from the people who employ
them. The Institute of Industrial
Relations studies workers for
their employers.
Why do employers want their
workers to be studied? The
answer is obvious. They are
interested in maximum
efficiency for maximum pfofit.
They want to find the point to
which they can push speed-ups
of production lines and other
systems without making the
work a physical impossibility.
They want to push workers to
their limits.
Is this in the worker's
interest? The answer here, too, is
obvious. Contemporary social
science, when it studies the
working class, does not have as
its motive force the amelioration
of the worker's conditions. It
does not, generally, attempt
to give workers tools to combat
on-the-job oppression. All too
often, it is funded by the
employers who use its findings
to keep subjugated their fellow
men and women.
Because of the point of view
from which they start out,
industrial sociologists are often
blind to certain dynamics within
the systems they are studying.
The mistakes they make when
this happens help to understand
the nature of the work they are
attempting to do. One such
mistake was recorded in an
article by Andre Gorz:
"In the early '60s,, a British
professor   of   sociology  named
Goldthorpe made an extensive
investigation of Vauxhall
workers at Luton. He wanted to
find out what class
consciousness they had left, how
they felt about their work,
about wages, about life generally
and what chances there were
that acute conflicts should break
out in a well-managed and
advanced big factory. Professor
Goldthorpe interviewed about
80 per cent of the Vauxhall
workers during a two-year
period. His conclusions were
optimistic: the Vauxhall workers
were completely integrated into
the system. They had no deeply
felt grudges. They were satisfied
with their wages. They neither
liked nor disliked their work;
they saw it as a rather boring but
inevitable part of their lives.
Their general attitude towards
work, according to Professor
Goldthorpe, was to do it so as to
get rid of it; they wanted to
forget about it at the end of the
working day, go home, watch
television, grow vegetables in
their garden, fiddle around in
their homes. Their working lives
were marginal to them and what
really mattered was their lives at
"Professor Goldthorpe
concluded class consciousness
was non-existent at Vauxhall's,
the workers were behaving
according to middle class
patterns and class struggle
belonging to the past.
"The Goldthorpe report was
still at the printers when a few
militants got hold of a resume of
his conclusions, mimeographed
it and handed out a few hundred
copies. A week later, the Daily
Mail printed a report about
Vauxhall profits. The net profit
for that year was about 900
pounds for each worker; this
net profit had been sent to
General Motors in the U.S.A.
This news item was also
circulated among the workers.
The next day the Times
" 'Wild rioting has broken out
at the Vauxhall car factories in
Luton.   Thousands  of workers
streamed out of the shops and
gathered  on the factory yard.
They besieged the management
offices, calling for the manager
to come out, singing the 'Red
Flag' and shouting 'string them
up'. Groups attempted to storm
the offices and battled the police
which had been called to protect
them.' The  rioting lasted two
* * *
Jack Scott has been a worker
for 50 years and a labor
organizer for 40 of them. His
knowledge of the working class
and the industrial situation is
firsthand, not the product of
three or four months'
observation of a factory. He will
likely find himself, on Tuesday,
arguing that Martin Meissner
through his industrial sociology
is engaged in defending a view of
workers which is designed to
ensure their continued
separation from the major part
of the wealth they produce.
Whose view of the working
class is closest to the truth? You
might find out in Angus 110
Tuesday noon, when the Union
of Radical Social Scientists and
the Alma Mater Society
education committee present
Jack Scott and Martin Meissner
in an open forum on Social
Science and the Working Class.
-Paul Knox
C.I.S. Insurance, a Leader in the field of Insurance innovations, has career
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Please write or phone MARKETING SECRETARY, D. STONEY, CIS.
INSURANCE, No. 96 East Broadway, Vancouver, B.C.. 872-7454.
' '^pii "T - vifi*-
SHOW TIMES: 12:40, 2:45,
4:50, 7:00, 9:05
For Academy
Award as
WARNING:  Some swearing and frequent coarse
language. R. W. McDonald, B.C. Dir.
SHOWTIMES: 12:00, 1:40, 3:35,
5:30. 7:30, 9:20
The Finzi-Continis were Italians living in Ferrara. Italy in 1938
They were rich, beautiful, unapproachable and Jewish. They lived
|in a walled dream world until they were forced to open the gates
vittorio de sica's Nominated
For n
I ii   I vyiww I'K- .jiv-.-i J
the Garden of the
Varsitu Finzi-Continis
4375 W. 10th
English Subtitles
SHOW TIMES: 7:30. 9:30
• 76-3045
for    r
Tickets Available at
881 Granville St., 688-2308
or at the Hyland Theatre
one hour before show times
A Film By
^ ,:.^L ija.
Directed by Screenplay by
SHOWTIMES: 12:30,2:45,
5:00, 7:15, 9:35
WARNING:   Frequent  use of coarse     »*' granvills
language. 6»5-»si»
-R. W. McDonald, B.C. Director
Friday, February 25,  1972
Page Friday 7 -BETTER BUY BOOKS'
Largest Selection of Review Notes in B.C.
Located Near The Varsity Theatre At
Open 11 a.m. Phone
to 8p.m.     4393 WEST 10TH AVENUE   224-4144
Just One Block from Campus in the Village
We have enlarged our dining room
to offer you better service.
Open Every Day From Friday
4:30 p.m. to 11 p.m. 4:30 p.m. to 12:30 a.m.
5732 University Blvd.
Phone 224-6121
- JOE     M1ZSAK  -
Tune-Up Specialists For All Makes
Specializing in Repairs to
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Student Special: 20% Discount off Labor Charges
4305 W. 10 Ave. at Discovery 224-7212
I We   handle   only   charters   to   and   from   Canada   on j
approved Canadian airlines. Guaranteed return flights.
Also youth and excursion fares. Call the travel people
| you know and can trust. Don't gamble call Hagen's.
2996 West Broadway - 736-5651
This summer, A.M.S. Opportunities for Youth projects
could include:
— Endowment Lands study
— Recreation centre  in SUB  for underprivileged
— Student Credit Union study
— Voters' registration drive
— Cost-benefit study of Food Services
We have suggested programs.
We need people!
If you are interested in working on a program —
SUB 246 — 228-3092
before Friday, March 3rd
An unstoned dad
I Couldn't Smoke The Grass
On     My    Father's    Lawn,
Michael   Chaplin,   Ballantine
Michael's in London —
stoned all the time and also
being analysed.
"Psychoanalysis is an
extraordinary thing to go
through. You never feel that
you are doing anything. You
have a man sitting behind you
and you just reflect and
"It is a lengthy business
and only now, more than two
years later, can I see what it
has done for me." So then I
read on. waiting to find out
what it is he learned and get
to the end of the book where
he says, "I try to identify
with all the other white shirts
and ties in the rush hour; I
must be at the end of my
comedown back at starting
point and maybe somewhere
along the line I have learned
something." He certainly isn't
too clear on what it might be,
or he doesn't tell us.
Except, "to be the son of
a great man can be a
disadvantage; it is like living
next to a huge monument;
one spends one's life circling
around it, either to remain in
the shade or to avoid its
The story of life with and
as son of Charlie Chaplin is
great. Turns out that old
Charlie, who us kids of the
counter-culture dig, is pretty
uptight about some of the
things Michael is doing.
Like this: Michael's
skipped school to seeYannah,
his 21-year-old infatuation.
Michael's about 14. She isn't
home, so after wandering
around Lausanne all dav he
heads for his sister's school to
get a ride with the chauffeur.
There's another guy waiting.
"He tipped back his slouch
hat and smiled sourly. Then
putting his hand into his
raincoat, he pulled out a
warrant card and pushed it
into my stomach.
" 'Police,' he said.
"But I'd spotted his card.
The man was a private
detective. Once again, in my
mind's eye, I caught a glimpse
of my father standing in the
wings. This scruffy man had
been set up by my father as a
bluff to scare me.
" 'Okay,' I said, slipping
into my Mickey Spillane act.
'What gives?'" And so on.
Charlie has a way of
turning Michael's attempts to
figure out what he wants into
comic scenes, which, of
course, aren't so funny to
Michael cause the old man
really is trying to control his
Finally, Michael splits for
London, does a lot of dope,
which the book romanticizes,
drifts through acting school,
meets Patrice, who we don't
get to know at all, marries
and then settles down or
something. See, the problem
has been with old Charlie
constantly trying to run
things, it's been pretty hard
for Michael to take himself
seriously. "It was good for a
laugh" appears endlessly.
It's not that Michael
doesn't see what's wrong in
the world. On a trip to Hong
Kong, "there are so many
million people on this planet.
Each has the same basic
needs. Yet, millions rot away
in sampans (or kraals,
sheilings, cold-water flats,
flophouses, YMCA's, housing
estates) while some (like
myself at that time) are
wh is ked around in
limousines, jet planes, luxury
liners and have their
strawberries flown in from
Portugal and have their
salmon jetted down from
But then, "This isn't
socialism. Socialism is just a
lot of smorgasbord kicked
around by guys with a
political stake." 1966 hip
cynicism. All Michael ends
up with is a vague statement
about how something ought
to be done.
Well, at this point, I don't
feel that Michael has resolved
his struggle with Charlie. He
still isn't taking seriously the
possibility that he, with
others, can change the
circumstances he's described.
He's still being cool, cynical
about politics. So, of course,
as clear a statement as he
finally gives is "and maybe
somewhere along the line I've
learned something."
I'd like to know how he
feels now, six years later.
- Brian Loomes
Page Friday, 8
Friday, February 25,  1972 Friday,  February 25,  1972
Page 13
From page 4
interpretation: Students pay for,
and thus are consumers of, a
university education. Finally,
newspaper columns are meant to
be vehicles for opinion, just like
the editorial pages: This is true for
Smolensky or anybody else who
writes the column in his absence.
Funny thing. You know, Mao
eventually had a little trouble
with his red guard when they
started overinterpreting his gentle
urgings and he had to do
something to keep them from
"overreacting". (He needed
volunteers to farm Mongolia.)
Could our own little band of
heavies also be overdoing the
script? Somebody actually had
the courage not to laugh
indulgently at their efforts to
improve other people's sense of
humor - if the screams of a man
being pushed into an oven are
really all that cool. A bit
moribund? But say — hey — did
anyone see the hand on the
Gearshift? The quick racing
change? Vroom, vroom, vroom?
But come to think of it, after the
present coy little display of
apologies has been acted out, like
the EUS exec's statement that the
man "was one of the better math
profs", will that be entered in the
man's evaluation records, now
safely tucked away, or will only
his EUS sheets, maybe also in the
same light, lilting "insulting-
everybody-equally" tone.
How about pulling them out to
check, mates? We'd really like to
compare ... and will it be
remembered to put the same
disclaimer into the computer (or
is it too dumb to have a sense of
The comments? Are they going
to   be  interpreted  in  the  same
What I learned
Third-year phys ed student John Sanford submitted the
following adaptation of Tom Paxton 's song What Did You Learn in
School Today?
What did you learn in class today,
Dear young student of mine?
Oh what did you learn in class today?
I learned that politicians never lie,
I learned that soldiers seldom die,
I learned that everybody's free
That's what the professor said to me,
And that's what I learned in class today,
That's what I learned in class.
What did you learn in class today,
Dear young student of mine?
Oh what did you learn in class today?
I learned that administrators are my friends,
I learned that justice never ends,
I learned that radicals are feared,
Only conformists are revered,
And that's what I learned in class today,
That's what I learned in class.
What did you learn in class today,
Dear young student of mine?
Oh what did you learn in class today?
I learned that my questions are unwise,
I learned to believe what experts surmise,
I learned our university must be strong,
It's ever right and never wrong,
And that's what I learned in class today,
That's what I learned in class.
What did you learn in class today,
Dear young student of mine?
Oh what did you learn in class today?
I learned that evils aren't so bad,
I learned of the necessary ones we've had,
I learned our professors are the finest men,
Because they're appointed again and again,
I learned history and anatomy,
I learned to unlearn autonomy,
And that's what I learned in class today,
That's what I learned in class.
Bye bye, ripoffs
STANFORD, Calif. (CUPI) - Instead of taking over, credit
cards may become extinct by 1980, according to Stanford research
economist Ray Zablocki.
Abuses are so widespread that some credit card companies may
be losing as much as half of their gross profits.
"Criminals have begun to use credit cards instead of guns,"
Zablocki wrote.
"Present methods of curbing losses due to stolen cards have
been largely ineffective.
"Effective methods are possible, such as voice prints or
fingerprints to link the owner to his card."
He predicts that such equipment will be part of a major new
industry in automated authentication equipment. Zablocki predicts
this will be a $50 million industry in 1980.
Or there could even be a computer system that could record
each customer's purchases as he makes them and then compare them
to his or her normal "spending profile" as contrasted to a spender on
a spree.
spirit of bonhommie in which, we
are assured, they were made? Or
deadpan. Oh, ho ho ho, kiddies,
and also tee very hee and fuddle
How about after the present
little fuss has all been played
down and forgotten, say in about
a year or so, and with it, the
protective cover of university's
reaction on the profs side . . .
watch out kid, they might just
have something on you in that
Tee hee and oh ho ho ho ...
rather a drab little game, isn't it?
It's called, we'll get something on
you, and we'll wait. Anyone
remember the name?
Name withheld
However penetrating Tom
Stafford's diagnosis of the ills of
the English department might be,
his    ranking    Dr.    Merivale    as
student's enemy number two. or
three was a mistake that needs to
be corrected. Pat Merivale is one
of the three or four best teachers
in the English dept. That is a fact,
and any of her ex-students will
testify to it. She is also the
teacher in the English dept. who
has tried hardest to broaden
students' knowledge and
understanding of literature
beyond the confines imposed by
the hierarchy of the English dept.
in its strict alliegance to the
English language.
For years her European
Literature in Translation was the
only course in the university
where a student could get a
general understanding of the
whole body of Western literature
from Homer to Beckett as an
integrated, living whole. Students
who took this course raved about
it, as did the AUS Anti-Calendar
in the years it came out.
Dr. Merivale has done
considerable service for the
students of this university; she
deserves more than to be labelled
a crony.
M. Kennedy,
1970 grad
To readers and letter writers:
We have a number of letters on
hand that we have been unable to
print this week due to space
limitations more strict than those
to which The Ubyssey has
previously been accustomed.
Hopefully this situation will
end soon, but until it does we are
forced to be more selective than
we want to be in our choice of
which letters to print.
Keep writing, and we'll do our
best to see that as many letters as
possible get printed.
sfjoe 4oppes
Tan Antique Leather-
Black Leather
Both only $16.99
Golden Tan Antique Leather
Tan Antique Leather
Open Thursday and Friday nites. COD. orders accepted. Credit and Chargex cards honored.
542 Granville and 435 W. Hastings St.
776 Granville — Adams Apple Boutique
* "Design and Word Trade Marks in Canada of the Villager Shoe Shoppes Ltd." Page  14
Friday, February 25,  1972
Hot flashes
Anyone who lives or has lived
in Strathcona and is bilingual in
either Chinese or Italian has a
good chance of getting a summer
The Strathcona community
wants people to work on
community projects, to be
subsidized by the Opportunties
For Youth Program.
Proposed projects include
hobby development, an English
tutorial service and land
Interested persons should
contact Jonathan Lau at
254-9657 (before 6 p.m.) or
254-8744   (after   6  p.m.);  Larry
Chan at 254-4637 (after 6 p.m.)
or Jo-Anne Lee at 253-1248 (after
6 p.m.)
Big noise
"Noise and Man" is the title of
a discussion of noise pollution to
be presented today by
Environmental Crisis Operation.
Dr. John Gilbert of the
Department of Audiology and
Speech Science, Faculty of
Medicine, will speak on the effects
of noise on human health in
Bioscience 2449 (new wing) at
Trail slides
The Sierra Club will present
two   slide  shows  on  the  Pacific
'Tween classes
General meeting at noon in SUB
Seminar on religion and social
change with chaplain George
Hermanson at noon in SUB clubs
lounge, second floor.
Party from 9 p.m. to 1 a.m. in grad
student centre garden room. New
members welcome.
Meeting at  noon   in  SUB  224. All
women welcome.
Party with speaker and slides at 8
p.m. in SUB basement clubs lounge.
(Bring dates if you like.)
General meeting for executive
elections at noon in I.H. upper
lounge. All members please attend.
All members attending soiree finale,
please notify Cecile or Rosini.
Discussion at noon in SUB 111.
Ride in Stanley Park, all welcome.
Bring   lunch,    meet    at   corner   of
Burrard and Cornwall, noon.
Broomball game and after-party,
9-11 p.m., ed gym B.
Dominican priest. Rev. Roman
Carter, O.P., speaks, Lutheran
centre lounge, noon.
Specializing in
Greek Dishes
Mon. to Thurs.
10 a.m. to 12
Fri. and Sat.
10 a.m. to 12
Sunday 10 a.m. to 10 p.m.
2946 W. Broadway 733-2412
Want a Place
to sit down
or lie down
SUB 101
(Behind Information Desk)
General meeting, conversation hour,
noon, IH 402.
Joint   hands   practice,   noon,  SUB
Dr.    Lear    discusses    endodontics,
noon, SUB 215.
Rim National Park in general and
the West Coast Trail in particular
Wednesday at noon in Angus 104
and Friday at noon in SUB
Club spokesman Phil Vaud said
he will show about 30 minutes of
color slides taken by hikers over
the last 10 years.
Following the slides he will
polemicize about the forest
industry threat to the trail, and
answer questions from the
Quiff demo
A march and demonstration
will be held downtown Saturday
to protest the death of Fred Quilt
and the subsequent decision by an
all-white coroner's jury to attach
no blame to an RCMP officer who
Quilt had claimed severely beat
Marchers will meet at Victory
Square at 11 a.m., begin marching
at 11:30 and arrive at the
courthouse plaza, Georgia and
Howe, at noon.
Speakers at the courthouse
rally will include Clarence Dennis,
Jim Sinclair, from a Saskatchewan
Metis organization, and Wayne
Whitehead, who has written a
song about Quilt.
University Area Branch — Dave Stewart, Manager
10th at Sasamat
Make your appointment now for
your official graduation portrait
First Colorportrait is Yours FREE
First 2 for $1.95 Extra Copies-35c Each
VAN. LONDON   $239.00
Return Flights
$145 Vancouver to London
$120 London to Vancouver
We have numerous return and one-way flights each month
to and from London. Ring our office for information and
free list of flights.
1312-925 W.Georgia, Van. 1
687-2868 (3 lines)
Top Value in 10 Speed —5 Speed
Special Discount to U.B.C. Students
3771 W. 10 Ave. 224-5356
Rote* Campus —. 3 Hnos, 1  clay $1.00; 3 day* $2.50
Commercial — S line*,  1 day $1.2% adMBiiwmt
tin** 30c; 4 «tey« prico of S.
Gtaasthati ads at* not accepted by telephone and ma ptqni&»
io advaoca, Daaxiiim i* Slt30 a.m., tha Oar bahxe pdbtieatioa.
Ptiblicaiiam OSiea, Room 241 S.U.B., VBC, Wan. 8, S.C
Lost & Found
squash court Feb. 10. Possession
vital to continued existence in
sane   state.   263-5157
Special Notices
Rent furnished condominium op-
posite Gondola,   224-0657 eves.
Bicycle Club. G.S.C. Garden Rm.
Feb. 25th 9-1. New members,
guests  welcome.	
ness — 1 day introductory workshop — Individual — Groups.
Psychologist. One year Esalen.
1)29-3662   mornings.	
Guides, Scouts, Brownies, and
Cubs will take place at 11 a.m.
on Sunday at University Hill
Church. This is a joint family
service with St. Anselm's — no
11 a.m. service at St. Anselm's
but 8 a.m. Holy Communion there
as usual
3 FOR $1.00
Why pay this much for your
prophylactics? We will mail you
24 Assorted Prophylactics for
only $2.00, by return mall In
plain sealed envelope. Enclose
this ad for additional bonus of
3 prophylactics.
BOX  4002       VANCOUVER,   B.C.
TraTel Opportunities
round trip, student vacations end
tours, employment services etc.
Air mail for full details. Campus
Agents also required A.A.S.A.
Limited, 15 High St.. Ventnor
Iff., England 	
Autos For Sale
Vauxhall standard Running good
for parts. $89.00. 733-2Q63.	
'65 EPIC. GOOD SHAPE — $450?
Tom,   327-5848.	
4 new tires, $200 or best offer,
:(!9 TR. SPITFIRE 24,000 RADIO
Kxc. cond. $1750. also 1963 Ford
Meteor, new paint, radio. Exc.
cond. $650. 681-5698: after 6 p.m.
Leaving   country.	
dition. Phone A. Christie. 731-
transmission, differential. Best
offer.   Phone  229-4470.   Samir.
Babysitting & Day Care
home nr UBC gates. (12th &
Sasamat) 8:30-10:30 Wed. & Fri.
mornings,   228-9460.
est releases in rock, folk, and
blues only. Trade-ins accepted.
We also have leathercrafts. Drop
in and listen to the music or play
a game of scrabble. Joy Music
Sanctum, 6610 Main (at 50th) 11
a.m—7 p.m.	
GOOD FOOD IN SUB 207 - 209
every day from 12:00 to 1:30.
A.M.S. International Food Festival
Use Your
legible drafts. Phone 738-6829 from
10:00 a.m. to 9:00 p.m. Quick ser-
vlce on short essays.	
ist. Beautiful work, Mrs. Ellis
sional Typing IBM Selectric —
Days, Evenings, Weekends. Phone
Shari at 738-8745 — Reasonable
Experienced    Typist
Mrs   Freeman — 731-8096	
& theses. Mrs Anne Treacy 228-
19th and Dunbar
733-5922.   .._   	
TYPING    OF    ESSAYS    ETC.    35*
page.  Phone  224-0385  after 5 p.m.
my   home.     Essays,    thesis,    etc.
Neat,  accurate  work.   Reasonable
rates.   Phone  263-5317.
Help Wanted
Work Wanted
Music Instruction
Special Classes
week Spring session starts April
3 register early. Limited enrollment.   G.   Alfred   261-4764.
Tutoring Service
ing Centre needs tutors in commerce Register in SUB 228 between  12:00  and  2:00   weekdays.
Dictaphone   Time-Master   Dictating Transcribing Unit. Hand, fool
control.    Belts,    stand     Ph.    224-
5502.  $110.	
FM stereo — attractive Deilcraft
cabinet — excellent condition —
$200.   Phone  266-0129.	
Chilcotln Ranch. Meadows River,
trout pond, timbered land, groves,
new cabins, reasonable for particulars   576-2775.
$50. /mo Share kitchenette & full
plmg. Avail Feb. 25th. 224-3070.
near   Varsity.
Room 8c Board
ponsible female student in exchange for babysitting services.
Experience with and affection for
children necessary. Private room
and bathroom. All facilities of
house available. Close to Campus
Furnished Apts.
suite for one non smoker available now. 263-8441. Near univ.
Quiet, washer/dryer. separate
Houses—Furn. 8t Unfurn.       86
Close to campus, furnished, own
uedrm., $50 mo. 3928 W. 10th 224-
full basement, fireplace, view of
mountains. Asking $26,900. Phone
228-9864   to   view.	
home on Vz acre. 2 car garage,
fruit trees. Quiet country surroundings — 5 miles east of
Hope — Coquihalla River Valley.
Beautiful summer area, skiing in
winter.    Phone   795-9293. Friday,  February 25,   1972
Page 15
WCIAA hoop finals start today
The University of
Saskatchewan Huskies are a
determined group.
And as a group they're
So, determined and
formidable, they take on UBC's
Thunderbirds in a three game
series to determine the WCIAA
basketball champions this
The Huskies certainly do not
lack scoring punch. They have
four players averaging over 10
points per game and are bolstered
by extremely strong rebounding.
Leading the Saskatchewan
scorers is guard Bill Lacy. Lacy,
originally from Louisville,
Kentucky, was third in the Great
Plains Division scoring with an
18.4 points per game average.
But the most dangerous and
versatile of all of the Huskies is
big centre Bob Thompson.
Thompson led the league in
rebounding and was the number
four scorer with a 16.4 average.
If the Huskies fall down
anywhere it is in their defence.
They have let an alarming number
of points be scored against them,
even when they win.
Thunderettes host tourney
Led by three members of the Canadian national women's
basketball team, the UBC Thunderettes go out after their second
consecutive WCIAA title tonight and tomorrow tit War Memorial
Terri McGovern, Wendy Grant, and Joanne Sargent were
instrumental in leading the Thunderettes to a near perfect 15-1
won-lost record this season and will be the players to stop if anyone is
to beat the agressive Thunderettes.
The four team tournament brings together the first two teams
from both the Eastern and Western divisions of the newly split
WCIAA. UBC finished on top in the west and last year's
co-champions, the University of Saskatchewan Huskiettes took the
eastern title with a record identical to UBC's.
The University of Victoria and the University of Manitoba
complete the field for this tournament.
The first game of the tournament will be held at noon today
and will match up the powerful Thunderettes against the Manitoba
team. The other first round game will start at 6 p.m. tonight when the
Saskatchewan and Victoria teams provide the preliminary to tonight's
first game of the men's WCIAA finals.
Tomorrow's games will start at 4 p.m. with the two losers
playing and the final goes at 6 p.m. tomorrow night.
Look for the two defending co-champions, the Universities of
Saskatchewan and British Columbia in the final.
... B.C. university athlete of year
Leading the 'Birds, currently
ranked second in Canada behind
the Acadia University Axemen,
will be the guard combination of
Ron Thorsen and Stan Callegari,
bolstered by the front threesome
of forwards, John Mills, Darryl
Giernes and the ever-improving
Peter Herd.
Tonight's game goes at 8 p.m.
in War Memorial Gym.
Sports highlights
The UBC Thunderbird soccer
team hosts the league leading
North Shore in Pacific Coast
soccer league action Saturday at 2
p.m. in Thunderbird stadium.
In action last week, the 'Birds
managed a 2-2 draw with
Winnipeg will be the scene of
the WCIAA badminton
championships this coming
weekend and UBC will be
reprserited by a full contingent.
Veteran Morley Jameson and
first year man Mike Epstein will
Bill Ruby captured his second
intramural individual title by
defeating Steve Lambert in two
out of three games in the snooker
Ruby's victories in the
badminton and snooker
championships, and his
participation In almost every
sport offered should lead him to
another title of 'Intramural
athlete of the year'.
Awards will he given out at the
Awards Banquet on March 13 at S
p.m. in the SUB ballroom.
BRIDGE entry deadlines for
the duplicate tournament is
Tuesday. Only two teams can be
entered from each unit or
organization. The bridge night
will be March S from 5-11 p.m. in
Gym A.
CYCLE DRAG cross-country
entry deadline is Tuesday with
the race being held around
campus on March 5 at 1 p.m.
length of the trek has discouraged
many people from entering. A
new course has been prepared and
is only 4.8 miles long rather than
the original 12 miles.
The deadline for entries has
been extended until Tuesday with
the hike taking place on Thursday
at noon.
lead the UBC assault to the frozen
prairies. Jameson is in his fourth
year as a varsity player and is
rated UBC's top singles player for
the third year in succession.
That in itself is no light
accomplishement considering that
team-mate Epstein is currently
ranked in the top ten of senior
players in Canada and will be
touring Europe with a Canadian
team in March.
Former B.C. junior champion
Sue Kolb anchors the women's
section of the team which is made
up of newcomers Jean Ross, Judy
Larson and Georgina Barthrup.
Despite their lack of experience
the girls are confident of a good
Women's exec
Applications are now being
received for four student
co-ordinator positions in women's
Interested persons should
apply in writing and stating
experience and specific interest
areas to Nancy Wells, room 202,
War Memorial Gym.
The , women's
association is now
nominations for the
WAA     positions:
UBC students comprise five of
the 12 competitors on the
Canadian universities skiing team
scheduled to represent Canada at
the World Student Games at Lake
Placid, N.Y. this weekend.
Joy Ward, Lisa Richardson,
Pam Aiken, and Bruce Goldsmid
will take part in the Alpine events
while Ed Day will be the lone
UBC competitor in the Nordic
Many of the students at the
games will be fresh from Olympic
competition   at   Sapporo.
2605 ALMA
Paper Written, Researched and Typed
(for research and reference purpose only)
UBC       ,s  Ii. of Manitoba
Thunderettes Bisonettes
FRIDAY, 12:30-2:00
There's a plan that
can solve more than
just your money
It's a plan that
guarantees you an interesting, well-paying career
when you graduate. As a
commissioned officer in
the Canadian Armed
It's a plan that gives
you 30 days paid vacation
each year.
Consider ROTP. Con-
It's called the tact your local Canadian
Regular Officer Training    Forces Recruiting and
Plan (ROTP). Selection Unit at:
It's a plan that pays
your tuition expenses
while you earn your
degree in Engineering.
Sciences. Or Arts.
It's a plan that solves
your summer employment
problems by paying you
every summer while you
train to become an officer.
Building No. 104
4050 W. 4th Ave.
Vancouver, B.C.
Ph: 666-3136
vice-president, secretary, and
Nomination forms are available
from room 202 of the War
Memorial Gym. Deadline for
nominations is 4:30 p.m. March
Inquiries regarding
non-executive positions are
welcome at 228-2295.
Western Collegiate Basketball Final
UBC Thunderbirds
Univ. of Saskatchewan
Tonight ft Saturday — 8 p.m.
(3rd game Sunday at 2:30 p.m. if necessary)
UBC War Memorial Gymnasium
Gen. Admission l50
Students $100 Page  16
Friday,  February 25,  1972
EUS candidates cry blues
Lack of interest in engineering undergraduate
society affairs by the majority of engineering
students was scored Wednesday by both candidates
for the society's presidency.
"The EUS needs some of the enthusiasm that
we see here right now," said candidate Harold
Cunliffe, referring to the audience's howls and hoots
that punctuated the speeches.
Doug Franklin, mech eng 3, urged the audience
to "get out and select your representative if you
want the EUS to represent your views. I will see to
it that they do their job."
Franklin said a lack of communication
prevented 90 per cent of students from knowing
what is going on in EUS. He vowed to try to get
students involved in EUS affairs by improving that
Cunliffe, civil eng 3, established his
qualifications for president by citing his experience
in    dealing    with    stocks   and    bonds   and   the
organization of the EUS smoker and Red Cross
blood drive.
He said there was a further lack of
communication between engineering departments
and suggested that they work more closely together
to eliminate the confusion he said exists.
Both candidates opposed the computer science
faculty's drive to have the EUS office moved out of
the civil engineering building. According to
Franklin, the computer department wants to
prevent recurrence of incidents like the one at last
year's EUS tank day which resulted in damage to
Audience reaction indicated solid support.
Observers at the meeting said they saw little
hope for change in the EUS in future. They said the
issues were the same as discussed last year and
predicted next year's emphasis would again be on
"stunts, grossness and obscenities rather than on
professional objectivess".
The election will be held today.
LAYERS OF MUCK spread out through atmosphere over eastern end of Burrard Inlet as loco refineries
refine away. Shot was taken from top of Burnaby Mountain. - dyan fraser photo
In the classroom
This week, In the Classroom takes a look at the
public school and student teachers' experiences
within the system, written by an education student
currently student-teaching.
"Hey teach, I gotta take a leak!"
A professor at UBC wouldn't expect this kind
of interruption in his lectures, but for seven student
teachers at Florence Nightingale Elementary in
Vancouver, it's a pretty common occurrence.
Teaching grades from one to seven, the students
from UBC's education faculty have a lot to learn
about the school system.
And they're learning it - fast.
It all begins about 8 a.m. when student teachers
are expected to arrive at the school.
There's work to put on the blackboard, stencils
to run off, more blackboard work, books to mark
and countless lesson plans to sort out that the
student teacher stayed up all night writing.
There are sponsor teachers, who take in Simon
Fraser University students because they are paid to
and UBC students because the Vancouver School
Board gives them no choice.
In some cases, these teachers' methods haven't
been updated since they left normal school (the
prekide to university teacher training) often more
than 20 years ago.
And for an inexperienced education student to
come into an "established" class with "disruptive
new-fangled ideas" it becomes a pretty hard bite for
some teachers to swallow.
The crunch comes when a sponsor teacher
insists his or her children be taught one way and a
students' faculty advisor (who ultimately grades the
practicum) insists .completely opposite teaching
methods be used.
Creative student teaching is not based on a
student's own ideas, but on how well the ideas put
forth can agree with supervisors'.
But student teaching can be fun, as most people
who have tried it have discovered.
The fun is where the kids take over.
One grade seven class tried a self-conducted
math lesson. And what did the kids teach?
Why, how to forge $70 million IOU's, of
course. But they were tackling seven-digit
multiplication questions most UBC students would
rely on a computer to figure out.
At the other end of the elementary scale, grade
ones never cease to get the laughs.
Take, for example, the little boy who spent all
of last week playing cannibal and biting his friends'
This week, it's kissing — oh, what Freud would
have done with him.
But it was hard to top another grade one boy
who threw up soon after he was kissed.
Then there's the grade two boy, who, no matter
how hard he appears to try, always shows up at
school with different-colored socks.
Even that wouldn't be so bad if he'd learn to
wear them on the inside of his shoes.
Of course, kids can be pretty annoying too.
Take, as an example, the grade four boy who,
in the middle of a student teacher's lesson in front
of a faculty adviser, shouts at the top of his voice,
"Hey teach, you forgot to cross your 't' ".
"Fuck off, kid" is all you can ever think of
Discipline is always a problem (it's open season
on student teachers), but never so much as when the
faculty advisor is in the room to mark a student's
But despite the humor, walking into a stranger's
classroom with children you've never seen before
and trying to teach, often with other teachers'
methods, is no small challenge for any education
Is the elementary school system changing? Are
kids being made more aware of the 'real' situations
of their lives?
Maybe in middle or upper class schools.
But in a school like Nightingale, in a low
socio-economic part of the city, teachers say it's all
they can do to fill the gap academically.
In the outside world, the kids are left to fend
for themselves.
MONDAY, FEB. 28-12:30
See the internationally famous stars of television's "The Littlest
Hobo" — London & Hobo with Thorn & Lance
Presentation of the UBC Psychology Club
Going Away
This Summer?
For Complete Travel
I nformation — Charters,
Youth Flights, Regular and
Excursion Flights.
For Brochures — Call
5700 University Boulevard
ON CAMPUS 224-4391


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