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The Summer Ubyssey Aug 8, 1991

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Array SUMMER
»UlViLVJJl,iC w *m
THEUBYSSEY
N
Surreal
horoscopes
and the
Stein
Founded in 1918
Vancouver, B.C., Thursday, August 8,199
Vol 10, No 6
Hawaii's troubled rain
by Christina Cha-U Chen
HONOLULU—Before the arrival
of colonial society, Polynesians had
traditionally preserved much of
Hawaii's rain forests for religious
and aesthetic purposes. Parts were
cleared for habitation, but land
above certain elevations belonged
to their gods, and was left undisturbed.
But the islands' rain forests
have all but disappeared since then.
Only recently has the state discovered the extent of the damage
and a unique problem.
Hawaii's water supply is being
threatened.
Rain, no longer absorbed by
the rain forest's trees, has caused
extensive soil erosion and reduced
the islands' ground water supply.
About 90 per cent of Oahu's
drinking water comes from the
ground.
"Evidence shows some rain
forests used to stretch down to the
coast, but now they are gone," said
Susan Miller, Hawaii's representative on the Natural Resources
Defence Council.
A study by Fish and Wildlife
Service botanist Jim Jacobi reveals
that only 10 per cent of Hawaii's
original rain forests still exist today. But perhaps not for long.
Virginia Elliot, the treasurer
ofthe Polynesian Voyaging Group
said, The Koa and Sandal wood
trees are almost totally extinct
because they are used for furniture." She added that much ofthe
recent rain forest destruction has
resulted from reckless land development.
A former professor of Hawaiian religion and culture, Michael
Dudley, said private organizations
are also responsible for the forest
destruction. "Private organi zatdons
would lease the forests from the
state government and completely
decimate the land."
Within surviving rain forests,
Miller said animals and plants
brought in by non-indigenous
people are destroying indigenous
wildlife. Pigs have uprooted trees
and sheep and goats consume the
vegetation of drier areas.
"They become pest species,
out-compete native species and
endanger their existence," Miller
said. "Only one fourth ofthe native
bird species have not been destroyed."
The thick vines ofthe Banana
Poka can smother an entire forest
and kill all its wildlife by breaking
their food chain. Rain forests invaded by the Banana Poka are
unable to regenerate because not
enough sunlight and rain reach
their soil. This has amplified the
drinking water problem in
Hawaii's most populated island
Oahu.
The demandfor electricity has
also threatened the islands' rain
forests. The state-contracted
Lawrence Berkley Laboratory has
recently proposed a geothermal
energy project which involves underwater cables to populated areas on Oahu. Despite the dubious
feasibility of the underwater
cables, development is already
underway at Wao kele 'O Puna
amidst a sizable portion of Hawaii's
remaining low-elevation rain forest.
The company cites the project
as the "only large-scale indigenous
baseload electricity source that is
commercially mature."
The Natural Resources Defence Council is attempting to
postpone this development until a
thorough analysis on the necessity
of this project is conducted.
"They (the state) should look
at the demand and supply side of
the energy and analyze all energy
sources and potential effects on
the economy, society and the environment,'' Miller said.
fores
Kids grooving In scorching Seabird Island sun
FRANKA CORDUA-VON SPECHT PHOTO
History of racism behind a summer's tensions
by Ita Kendall
MONTREAL(CUP)—The lazy,
hazy days of summer have been
anything but tranquil in Montreal
this year. Last year, overt racism
rose to the surface during the
Mohawk crisis and this year, several incidents have made Montreal a hot spot once again.
A Montreal Urban Community Police officer's fatal shooting
of an innocent black man coupled
with a rash of race-related incidents have spurred Montreal's
Black communities into action.
Black Montrealers have taken
their protests to the streets, to the
media, and to politicians, including
Premier Robert Bourassa. Representatives of Black communities
met with Bourassa in late July
urging him to set up a public inquiry into the shooting ofMarcelus
Francois.
Although an inquiry is expected to be announced shortly,
the government has yet to release
a provincial police report on the
incident or acknowledge that racism exists in Quebec's justice system.
The following is a list of inci
dents that have taken place over
the last five years, and which have
led to a climate of fear and anger in
the Black community and the city
at large this summer:
August 4, 1991. Constable Guy
Denis in an interview with a
Montreal Gazette reporter said
Blacks should be sent "back to their
islands" because they are the cause
of most crime.
July 23,1991. A dozen black children, aged three to seven, and four
camp counsellors were kept on a
bus when the driver questioned
whether the younger children had
paid their fares. The driver told
them that children over five years
of age had to pay and then stopped
the bus and refused to open the
doors. Police were called and they
confirmed all the fares were paid.
The driver said he closed the doors
because he was nervous.
July 22, 1991. Using batons, 30
police officers broke up a crowd of
300 people—most of whom were
black—outside a downtown bar
after it had closed. Five people
were arrested. Police said it was a
routine operation to ensure patrons
were clearing the area. A white
employee of the bar said police
used excessive force and that
whites were not bothered by police. Other witnesses also commented on the police over-reaction.
July 21,1991. Two men with automatic weapons, accompanied by
two other men, opened fire on
people leaving a dance at a Black
community centre. A 20-year-old
white woman was killed and two
black men were injured. Four black
suspects are being sought. Police
say they are baffled by the shooting.
July 17,1991. Donna West, a 29-
year-old black woman, had her
right arm broken when two police
constables tried to handcuff her.
West was on her way to meet her
sister when a police car pulled up
behind her and the officers started
to arrest West. She said the cops
did not say why she was being
arrested.
After the officers broke her
arm, they called an ambulance.
West was not arrested and no
charges have been laid. Police have
appointed special investigators to
examine the case.
July 4, 1991. Riot squad police
broke up an hour-long confrontation between approximately 11
black and 100 white youths, some
of whom were chanting "white
power." Twelve people were arrested, including the 11 blacks "for
their own protection."
Later, the youths complained
that the police kept them locked in
a hot van and taunted them,
making comments about the smells
in the van. The next day, under
police protection, the youths moved
out of their apartment building.
July 3,1991. Regular and SWAT
team police officers surrounded a
car in which Marcelus Francois
and three others were travelling.
Francois was shot while still wearing his seat belt. Police said he had
moved in the car and that sergeant
Michel Tremblay shot him in the
forehead because he thought
Francois was reaching for a gun.
Later police said Francois may
have moved because he may have
been hiding a bag of drugs.
Francois died July 18 after
two weeks in intensive care. The
MUC have announced that
Tremblay was not criminally neg
ligent in the shooting and no
charges will be laid against him.
July 14, 1991. Fritzgerald "Junior" Forbes, 22, suffered a heart
attack and died in hospital two
hours after he was arrested for
mischief. There has been no inquiry so far.
April 1990. Presley Leslie was shot
four times and killed by police in a
downtown bar. Leslie had a gun
and at a hearing it was ruled that
Leslie shot first. However, details
about the incident are cloudy and
there was never a full public inquiry into the shooting.
November 1987. Anthony Griffin
was shot and killed by constable
Allan Gosset. Gosset was acquitted
of manslaughter but is due to be
retried pending his efforts to block
the new trial.
Note: In 1987, only five of the
MUC police's 4,450 officers were
black. Following the shooting of
19-year-old Anthony Griffin, the
police force said it would endeavour
to recruit more visible minorities.
Thisyear, there are nownine black
officers on the force. By comparison,
the Toronto police force has 83
officers from visible minorities. Classifieds
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2/THE SUMMER UBYSSEY
August 8, 1991 Student to research Vietnam war objectors
Survey to examine the political spectrum of Vietnam war draft dodgers
by Rick Hiebert
A UBC graduate student in Canadian
history is starting a study on the thousands of Americans who left the US for
Canada because ofthe Vietnam War.
Stephen Brewer is looking for people
who came to Canada to avoi d the conflict in
the 60's and 70's, to answer his questionnaire. The results of the survey will provide the basis for his master's thesis, which
will be the first recent Canadian study of
its kind.
"The research at the time tended to
examine what kind of person came up
because ofthe war. We know that most of
them were white, upper middle class and
had at least some higher education, but we
don't know why they came up. That's what
I'm looking for," Brewer said.
The academic studies of the time assumed that those who emigrated to Canada
because of opposition to the war or the
war's effect on American society, came up
here because they were radical revolutionaries, which may not be so.
"I'm suggesting that the objectors
tt2k$£ sSiF 2k
•*m*w m    m m *m      a^v a^      m   *
BE THE FIRST
TO KILL
ALL THE KIDS ON YOUR BLOCK
weren't radical," Brewer said. "The reason
they came here was not to fight the war.
Down in the United States, the anti-war
movement was quite strong and the place
to fight it was down there. That suggests
that the objectors came from all over the
political spectrum and weren't all anti-war
activists."
Brewer hopes to look at the evolving
political attitudes of several hundred of
the estimated 30,000 war objectors coming to Canada through use of an eight
page, multiple choice questionnaire.
(Brewer thinks that one to two thousand
settled in the Lower Mainland and supposes he will get the most responses from
this area.)
"What I am trying to find is where
they sat and sit on the political spectrum,
with questions like 'What did you think of
the US or Canadian government 20 years
ago? What do you think of it now? How has
your experience changed your attitude
towards politics and government?'
"There haven't been a lot of Canadian
perspectives on this subject. We need to
address how these people have changed
and how they have changed our society in
turn," he said. "This is a relatively important group of immigrants to Canada and
it's important academically that we start
looking at them."
Brewer hopes to have some preliminary results this fall and a finished thesis
sometime next February.
Police liquor
seizures raise
the question of
civil liberties
by Quinn Harris
While Penticton RCMP
were widely praised by residents for successfully averting
outbreaks of violence over tbe
long weekend, many law abiding visitors were angered by
the indiscriminate seizure of
alcohol
Atroadblocks, beaches and
parks, police officers, strictly
enforcedBC'sliquorlaws.They
searched vehicles and seized
alcohol even though some alcohol was unopened and stored
in the trunk ofthe vehicle.
"We knew that it is illegal
to have open alcohol in a car or
a public place," said one tourist, "but we didnt know that
they could just pull you over
and seize your possessions
simply because they suspected
you might break the law at a
later date,"
Many visitors felt that the
liquor seizures were a breach
of civil liberties.
The police told us that
they were not charging us with
anything and that we had not
broken any laws but that they
could take our alcohol 'because
ofthe weekend',* said another
visitor.
The police were operating
under section 67 ofthe BC Liquor Control act which states
that an officer can seize alcohol
if"inhisopinion.itispossessed
for illegal purposes"
AKAX: Black youth
want to be heard
SHAWN SCALLEM PHOTO (THE CHARLATAN)
by tta Kendall
MONTREAL(CUP)—Young
blacks are being heard loud and
clear in Montreal this summer,
thanks to a black activist group
founded two years ago by university students from Concordia and
McGill.
Also Known as X is a collective run by and for young blacks.
The group's objectives include
promoting the economic and political empowerment of young
blacks and sensitizing the public
to issues affecting black youth.
This summer they have had
their hands full.
AKAX member Michael
Pintard said incidents involving
the police and black youths over
the past five years and this summer have demonstratedthafthis
is a very racist" country, province
and city, where "the police function largely as an entity unto
themselves."
Another AKAX member,
Ariel Deluy, agreed with Pintard,
saying "a racial bomb has exploded* in Montreal.
"Every year a young man
has been shot," added Deluy. "We
have to be able to go to people
and say, It is safe for us to walk
in the streets of Montreal.'"
In the pastfew weeks, AKAX
has organized several events, including a demonstration on July
6 to protest the police shooting of
Marcelus Francois. The protest
drew 400 demonstrators and received extensive media coverage.
Additionally, members of
AKAX are in the process of pre
paring a document to present to
Montreal Mayor Jean Dore who
has said Montreal must not fall
into the "racist trap."
"Well see if the mayor meant
what he said," said Deluy.
Both Pintard and Deluy
stressed AKAX does more than
respond to crises. They said
AKAX was founded because
young blacks needed a voice.
"There was a feeling among
emerging leaders that the present
organizations were not adequately addressing the concers
of younger people," said Pintard.
AKAX works with the larger
black community and "we demand that our elders take a
strong stand and fight for the
rights ofblack youth," said Deluy.
"We have a lot of questions
for the current systems of government," he said, "and we will
exhaust all measures we have to
put pressure on governments and
leaders to bring about change."
Demonstrations are only a
small part ofthe work the group
does. AKAX members also participate in education programs
for black youngsters, network
with other black youth groups
across the country, and encourage students to achieve academic
excellence.
"We want our young people
to graduate and get involved in
municipal and provincial politics
so that we can get our issues on
the political agenda," said
Pintard. "Our young people need
know that they are not powerless."
UBC to hire advisor to the president on status of women
by Sharon Undores
UBC will hire an advisor on
"women and gender." There is now
a short list and the candidate
should begin the half-time position in September.
According to the job description, "the advisor is responsible
for advising the president on the
status of women at the university
and on strategies to make the uni
versity a more welcomeing environment."
The advisor will work closely
with the Offices of Employment
Equity, Women Students, Student
Counselling and Resource Centre
and the Women's Resources Centre.
Marsha Trew, director of
Women Students' Office said "I
hope we will work closely. I will
not know how exactly, until she is
hired.
"There is lots of work to do
and I am looking forward to it. I
am confident that the needs for
women (faculty, staff and students) will be very well served by
a co-ordination effort.
Albert McClean, associate
vice president of academic a affairs, said the position is being
created because there are a number of units on campus which deal
with specific issues. "The university needs a general policy across
the campus as a whole.
"Consultation is one of the
first matters the person appointed
will do, to prioritize things. The
idea of a general policy is not a
direct line to the administration.
"We will see how the position
develops," said McClean, "If the
half time position is adequate,
good, if not we will have to consider
a full-time position."
The qualified applicant will
have a "university education with
understanding of feminist theory
and good knowledge of university
organization." The salary ranges
from $46,000 to $57,000.
August 8,1991
THE SUMMER UBYSSEY/3 ~1-
"Some people forget how to. listen. They listen through their ears, you    "Love one another. Love and friendship go a long way, regardless of       "Greed is a sickness, that's the downfall of mankind. When the last tree falls,
should listen with your hearts."-Napoleon Kruger, Okanagan Elder     who you are and where you come from.'' the world is going to stand still."
and spiritual advisor for Our Elders Speak Project ' -Vincent Stogan, Musqueam Elder -Joe Washington, Lummi Elder
OICES FOR THE WILDERNESS
by Greg Davis
PEOPLE came from all four
directions, set up their
tents and milled about the
concession stands and the
mainstage area. The weather
was hot and arid, children ran
about laughing, the smell of food
wafted through the air, and
people lay their blankets before
the main stage, settling into the
7th annual Stein Festival.
This year it was held at
Seabird Island, near Agassiz, a
large flat tract of land nestled
between beautiful mountains, a
much better location than last
year's Tsawassen dustbowl.
The first festival kicked off
in 1985, primarily organized by
Ruby Dunstan, former chief of
the Lytton Band, and John
McCandless, to draw attention to
the then imminent threat of
logging in the Stein Valley and
also to promote a holistic
consciousness towards life.
Though the festival has
experienced financial difficulties
over the past few years, it has
been a success in saving the
Stein and bolstering the fight
against the myopic exploitation
of the Earth.
ALL MY RELATIONS
When First Nations
people formally speak, they
often address the audience as
"All my relations." This
saying implies that no matter
what family you come from,
no matter what tribe you
belong to, you and everyone
else are related to the speaker
jn the grand design ofthe
Creator.
"All things on this Earth
were created for a purpose,"
said Grandpa Joe Washington, a Lummi band elder
present at the Festival. "We
all have to learn to give
thanks to the Great Spirit
for what He's provided us."
And during the long
weekend the Great Spirit
certainly did provide us
with invigorating music,
inspiring speakers,
energetic dance, wry
__        comedy and feelings of
Oncte   strength and hope.
THE BEAT OF THE HEART,
THE BEAT OF THE WORLD
Joe Washington spoke ofthe
first medicine man, who gave his
song to the Lummi people,
saying "Beat this drum, for its
vibrations wake up the heart of
the Indian people."
The vibrations of drums
woke up the hearts ofthe
audience this weekend as well;
native and non-native, female
and male, child and adult. The
sound ofthe drums united them
all, providing a common rhythmic thread through many
performances.
Drumming is a powerful,
primal form of communication.
The dynamic Native dance
troupe, Arrows of Freedom, said
the drum beat gives you a
tingling at the back ofthe neck,
because it was the first sound
you heard in your mother's
womb. The effect ofthe songs,
drumming and singing, along
with the skill displayed in the
grass dance, hoop dance, among
others, certainly did cause a
tingling sensation.
Ann Mortifee and African
Heritage, featuring Dido, Vinx
and Leon Bibb, continued the
drumming journey with their
powerful songs and rhythms,
this time in an African vein. The
piece entitled We Are A Tribe
Awakening lived up to its name
as throngs of colourfully clad
radiant people danced in a
shower ofthe sun's rays.
The positive vibrations
Brazil exploded with Celso
Machado and Batakado, a 20-
piece drum and dance ensemble
based in Vancouver. They
infused the scene with the spirit
of festivity, Latin style. The
movement ofthe dancers and the
steady sound of drums was
punctuated by various exotic
instruments for an all round
exhilarating experience.
Beat was also the backbone
of Vancouver favs Roots
Roundup, who kept the fans
deliriously dancing in the joyful
cascade of rousing music. Bourne
and Macleod, Bob's Your Uncle,
Hard Rock Miners and many
others, with many styles and
backgrounds kept the crowd
awake, vibrant and rocking,
their elated hearts reflected in
their glowing faces.
The underlying philosophy
ofthe thundering beat and
stamping feet, of those united to
save the Stein Valley and
promote a life embracing
worldview, was summed up in
the performance of Chief
Leonard George's ensemble,
Children of Takaya. During their
family prayer song everyone
stood up, and held hands as the
clouds above slowly moved across
the tree covered mountains in
time with the drums. It was a
unifying experience, embodying
the true essence ofthe saying
"All my relations."
SONGS OF THE FIRST
NATIONS PEOPLE
Many Native performers
employ the mediums of folk and
rock music to express their
messages, contributing to the
struggle of making Native voices
heard across the land. The S.A.E
band (Scofield, Allen, Eccleston),
Rick Patte/son and Circuit
Breaker, Lorraine Segato and
others sang their material with
compassion and sincerity, with
messages pertinent to all
peoples.
Shingoose sang his version
of Hank William's Elijah,
turning it into a tribute to Mr.
Harper, the man who threw a
feather in the works of
Mulroney's machinations.
Don Moran and Jimmy
Sidler performed a warmhearted
acoustic set at the Alternate and
Family Theatre, some of which
will appear in Don's upcoming
play, Indians and Dogs.
"I was raised on leftovers
and what you see is what was
leftover," Jimmy joked with the
crowd. 'If we don't communicate
with each other as a tribe, then
what's left over in us may
become far worse than it might
have been."
Under the oppression ofthe
Canadian state, the First
Nations have been plagued with
social disintegration, alienation,
abuse and alcoholism. These are
the same problems that are
causing ever increasing despair
amongst the non-native people of
this country. That is why the
honest words and enduring spirit
of native performers, speakers
and elders can form guiding
principles for all Canadians, for
what they are trying to regain
we lost long ago.
COME TOGETHER
Talent was featured from all
across the country, from locals to
legends; Spin Doctors, Ngoma,
Stephen Fearing, Mae Moore,
good ol' Gordie Lightfoot,
sprightly Spirit ofthe West and
many more.
Raffi, the endearing
children's troubadour, sang
material from his Evergreen,
Everblue album, aimed for an
adult audience, but decidedly for
the benefit of our children more
than anything else he's recorded
to date.
Murray McLauchlan gave
one ofthe best shows ofthe
weekend; lively, entertaining
and soulful. His set included a
very powerful number that
featured Russel Blackbird and
Gary and Noreen Parker, three
outstanding Native dancers who
jingled and shook in full ceremonial garb in the midst of
McLauchlan's electric performance. This combination
symbolized the coming together
ofthe First Nations and Canadian culture, a definite statement that we share this stage,
this land, and that our ways can
indeed compliment each other.
Politicians, business people
and bureaucrats continue to
search vainly for the soul ofthe
nation, the Canadian identity,
floundering through their
commissions, conferences and
constitutional crises. They failed
to rest their eyes on Seabird
Island, where perhaps our true
identity, whether we call this
land Canada or simply home,
was reflected.
This identity, as espoused by
the many voices at the gathering, entails respect for Mother
Earth and the struggle to protect
her, respect for the indigenous
people and support for the
human rights struggle to develop
a land where all people foster
respect for life and the will to
live simply and justly.
Cynics may scoff, but the
Voices For the Wilderness
festival, for four glorious days,
set an example for the whole
nation to follow. (There were,
unfortunately, some disturbances, scuffles, and unbecoming
behaviour, but hey- Utopia isnt
perfect!)
THE GRANDE FINALE
As the final afternoon was
expiring, the sounds of 54-40
frazzled the dancing children of
this peaceful parliament. The
jubilant celebration was coming
to a close.
And what better band to cap
things off than the overwhelmingly gifted Blue Rodeo, cooking
up sounds so hot and happening
they could have brought the
mountains down. Their song
After the Rain sure produced the
thunder.
The keyboard work of Bob
Wiseman was wild and zesty.
The band is composed of accomplished musicians all round, and
Jim Cutty and Greg Smith are
not so shabby as songwriters
either. During the song Diamond
Mine they performed an outstanding improvisational
instrumental which proved why
this band is so fantastic live,
playing with genuine energy and
enthusiasm—for the music, the
people and the cause.
The weekend closed with a
drum and prayer ceremony.
Kelly White induced the crowd
to cry "Save the Stein!" in
unison, and to express solidarity
with the Mohawks at Oka and
The James Bay Cree. Chief
Archie Charlie of Seabird Island
and Ruby Dunstan thanked
everyone and wished all a safe
journey home.
A Native from southern
California said the closing
prayer and sang a song,
apologizing to the elders
for being such a young
man to perform this
duty. His prayer and
song was heartfelt
and compassionate, ending the
day on a strong
spiritual note.
Natives call for justice
by Sharon Undores and
Effie Pow
AT the 7th .annual Stein
Valley Festival, Kelly
White asked, "Does anybody out
there want to save the Stein?"
and more than 15,000 people
responded to the stars and
mountains, "Save the Stein."
Many local and global issues
were brought up during
speeches throughout the four-day
event at Seabird Island.
Michael Jackson, a UBC law
professor who represented the
Gitksan-Wet'suwet'en case,
traced some Native history not
found in history books.
"Before the Europeans
arrived, aboriginals acted as self-
governing nations. In the first
200 years ofthe New World the
British and French recognized
this and were required to respect
aboriginal nations," Jackson said.
Treaties signed in the 17th
and 18th centuries recognized
North American Indian country
in principles of justice, but
colonialism subsequently
subordinated Indian nations. "In
the 19th and 20th centuries, the
circle of justice was broken by
Darwinism and imperialism."
Jackson said injustice is also
reflected in the Canadian
constitution. "We need to
recognize the devastation and act
according to the original principles of justice.
"How can B.C. wipe out
rights of aboriginals for 5,000
with the stroke of a colonial
pent* Jackson asked.
Implementing justice and
the rights of aboriginal people is
a global concern.
"It is a struggle in which all
white men and women should be
interested. Whoever it is—in
Australia, North America,
Central America—the same
struggle unites all of them "
Keynote speaker Elijah
Harper, MLA for Rupertsland,
Manitoba, spoke about Canada's
political predicament.
"Only the English and the
French are recognized in the
Canadian constitution. There is
no mention ofthe aboriginal
people in this country. Canada is
not complete without the First
People."
Despite growing support for
Native issues, there have been
no concrete results Harper said.
"There is not the political will to
deal with aboriginals in this
country. Nothing has really
happened since the Meech Lake
demise last year."
Harper said the government
has funded too many unnecessary commissions and studies on
Native issues. "As aboriginals we
are tired of being over-studied,
we are ready for action.
"We have always been
sovereign in a sense of community and structure. I think that
is the message we want to give to
the government.
"The government has long
denied our culture, dances and
ceremonies. These are acts of
government deliberately trying
to destroy a people."
Ruby Dunstan, former chief
ofthe Lytton Indian Band and
founding director ofthe Voices
for the Wilderness Foundation,
said land claims are only one
aspect ofthe Native cause. "Land
claims are minor when you start
thinking about rights and title.
"Indians have no rights in
BC. The government says they
will do things, yet they give tree
farm licences to corporations.
That's who the governments
cater to, not to humans."
Dunstan said the government dictates how lands are
taken over and who gets the
benefits. "They are raping the
lands. It's like the blood of my
people everytime you enjoy the
jingle ofthe money from the
shareholders' pockets."
?-^%
Elder James Louis
EFFIE POW PHOTO
Organizers John McCandless and Ruby Dunstan
Ann Mortifee gffS
STEIN VALLEY FESTIVAL
"Every human being that comes to this earth, comes for a purpose, possessing a talent. We're here to
enhance one another, because if you are suffering physically, then I'm suffering. If you are hurting
mentally, then we are all hurting too." -Leonard George, Chief of the Burrard Indian Band
4/THE SUMMER UBYSSEY
August 8,1991
August 8,1991
THE SUMMER UBYSSEY/5 Appearances
and reality
UBC administration has recently taken
two notable steps intended to make the university environment less sexist and uncomfortable
for women.
The agreement struck with the EUS,
that there be no more Lady Godiva rides or
jacket patches, should result in the removal of
two of the most visible representations of misogyny on campus.
The changes, however, illustrate the
difference between appearance arid reality. The
sexism women students encounter in engineering and other faculties has not been erased as
easily as the image ofthe unclothed woman, yet
it remains as invisible.
The plan does nothing to modify the
attitudes symbolized by the patches and rides;
women can be objectified in other ways.
UBC is also in the process of hiring an
advisor to President's Office on "women and
gender" to prioritize women's concerns. The
needs of women are supposed to be met by a
"coordination effort". Many services on campus
function separately, but they could be more
effective working together to promote a better
atmosphere for women. The likelihood of this
depends upon the person hired, and whether or
not her recommendations are followed. This
position should not be a token office.
The voice of women will not be heard
until the balance of women and men is more
equal—an appearance of advocacy is not sufficient.
SUMMER
theUbyssey
August 8,1991
The Summer Ubyssey is published Thursdays by the
Alma Mater Society ofthe University of British Columbia
Editorial opinions are those ofthe staff and not necessarily those of the university administration, or of the
sponsor. The Summer Ubyssey is published with the
proud support of the Alumni Association. The editorial
office is Room 24.1K of the Student Union Building.
Editorial Department, phone 822-2301; advertising,
822-3977; FAX 822-6093
Effie Pow went to Burger King and had, oh my!,
uhuh, hello maybe we'll actually be done early, hum,
in a couple of hours, someone's pulling my pony tail,
a little one with a snowperson (Carla Maftechuk),
THAT'S EXPENSIVE, a bedroom and a Paul
DAYSON?! HAHAHhaha.
Boy Greg Davis, you're in a bad mood, Luxurious
nights of excitement await Christina Chen and a
bunch of people will find ways to play private experiments in lingerie. The eyes ofthe entire world could
be on you, with innocence, Don Mah like a child trying
to deliver a pizza.
Helen Willoughby-Price, of course you're tired
you're not a Rebecky Bishop vampire yet. Dangling
your toes in kiddy pool with pregnant women. Cheryl
Niamath, it must bother you that anyone who turns
on to you is easy, begging you to engage in the hideous
and ridiculous. YouVe still cynically thinking how?
Hao Li, if you've noticed that you sweat excessively,
you're just good at it. Paul Gordon, you need a few of
those violent slaps, when you reach the house.
Kathryn Wieler pick up a sport and hold your
head under water. The good news, Quinn Harris is
you'll be attacked by a swarm of Rick Hiebert bees in
the bottom of a cave in New Mexico. Certain people
might be resentful that you are having a rewarding
and loving fatal attraction. Raul Peschiera, glamour,
oh, that"s good. Say that again.
Where would you get a sentence fragment? With
Mike Coury soaking in a tub with TV Barbies. Do you
want another one? Sure. It is your destiny, Chung
Wong, to eat weird food and soak up erotica.
I have a stomach ache. It is true that you attract
vulagarians bearing shy gifts. Aquawomaaaaan!!!
He cut out a good one. He wanted a husband not
a lambada Yggy King. Sharon Lindores looked like
she was channeling and you thought you would pee,
giving me the willies. Come home now. Hoooooo.
Pizza again today in the leafy suburbs. No more
poodle type perms.
Editors
Paul Dayson  • Sharon Undores • Raul Peschiera
Effie Pow • Carta Maftechuk
WW..
tyBROW
Letters
Champion refuted
In his April 3,1991 letter
to The Ubyssey, Mr. Champion
airedmanyfalariesandunsub-
stantiated claims.
Mr. Champion claimsthat
"Hulaysneglectsthat after May
14 Nasser increased his divisions in the Sinai from 2 to 7,
going on the offensive." Mr.
Begin, as shown below, stated
otherwise as did other Israeli
leaders (refer to quotations below). Also nowhere in the inter-
viewdidRabinchangehismind
that Nasser did not want war.
Mr. champion claims that
"Reading Begin's 1982 speech,
Hulays omits words tomisrep^
resent Begin's intention."
Which words? I quoted a whole
paragraph of Begin's speech as
shown in the New York Times.
Then, Mr. Champion started
talking abouthowironicBegin's
statement was. The true irony
is when Begin stated clearly to
the cadets in the National defense Collegeinlsrael that "The
Egyptian army concentrations
in the Sinai approaches do not
prove that Nasser was really
about to attack us. We must be
honest with ourselves. We de-
ridedtoattackhim." (New Yorfe
Times, Aug. 21, 1982) What-
everMr.Championmightwant
to think, Mr. Begin meant every word of it
Then Mr. Champion tells
us that "Egypt Syria, Jordan,
Jiaqfofewhundredkuometres
away and preoccupied with the
stnigglebetweenBaathistsand
anti-Baathists] outnumbered
Israel in firepower 3-1." [The
words in brackets are addedby
me.]However,MordecaiBentov
(a member ofthe Iraeli coalition government during the
1967 war stated on April 14,
1971 in an interview with the
Israeli newspaper Al-
Hamishmar that "the entire
The Ubyssey welcomes letters on any Issue. Letters must be typed and are not to exceed 300 words In length. Content
which Is Judged to be libelous, homophobic, sexist, racist or factually incorrect will not be published. Please be concise.
Letters may be edited for brevity, but It Is standard Ubyssey policy not to edit letters for spelling or grammatical mistakes.
Please bring them, with identification, to SUB 241k. Letters must include name, faculty, and signature.
nation was invented in every
detail, and exaggerated a posteriori to justify the annexation
of new Arab territory." (Le
Monde, June 3,1972, article by
Israeli intellectual Amnon
Kapeliouk)
General Peled, one ofthe
12 members of the Israeli
General Staff tells a political
club in Tel Aviv: The thesis
according to which the danger
of genocide hung over USA in
June 1967, and according to
which Israel was fighting for
her very physical survival, was
nothing but a bluff." (quoted
from the Zionist Connection)
On Israeli Radio, General Peled
stated that the country was
never in real danger and that
there was no evidence Egypt
had any intention of attacking
Israel: "the Egyptians concentrated 80,000 soldiers in the
Sinai, and we mobilized hundreds of thousands of soldiers
against them." (the Zionist
Connection. Chapter: The
Eisenhower, Kennedy and
Johnson Years)
In an interview with
Ma'ariv (an Israeli Publication), General Peled com-
Tnented,"AUthosestorie8about
ihehuge danger we were fstdng
because of our small territorial
size, an argument expounded
once the war was over, had
never been considered in our
calculations prior to the un-
leashingofhostilities. While we
proceed toward the full mobilization of our forces, no person
in his right mind could believe
that all this force was neces-
sarytoour'defense'againstthe
Egyptian threat. Thisfbrcewas
necessary to crush once and for
aUtheEgypaansatihe military
level and their Soviet masters
atthepoliticallevel To pretend
that the Egyptian forces concentrated on our borders were
capable of threatening Israel's
existence does not only insult
the intelligence of any person
capable of analyzing this kind
of situation, but is primarily
andinsultto the Israeli army."
[Italicsadded](LeAfonefe,June
3,1972)
Yet another Israli General—General Weizman—
stated that "Jews [I prefer Zionist sincebeingaJewdoes not
automatically make one a Zionist] of the Diaspora would
like,forreasonsoftheirown,to
see us as heroes, our backs to
the wall. This desire of thiers,
however, will not affect the reality ofthe situation." [Words
in brackets are added by me]
(Ie Monde, June 3,1972) That
was a statement from a super
'hawk' of Israeli politics.
Then Mr. Champion
asked a fateful question. "Why
does Hulays apologize for the
AT^definitionoFiTritnr?"The
Arabs do not have their own
"definition oftraitors"andIdid
not attribute it to them. Pur-
ther, I did not apologize for
anything since there was noth-
ingtoapologizefor.Mr. Champion, then, proceeded to answer his own flawed question.
"Onemanwhomade peace with
Israel in 1979, Egypt's Anwar
Sadat, was called a traitor'
throughoutthe Arab world, and
suffered assassination for ft".
Mr. Sadat was assassinaterd
in the process of a revolt by
Muslim fundamentalists who
wanted to turn Egypt into an
Islamic state. He would have
"suffered assassination"
whether he signed the "peace"
aggreementor not Mr. Nasser
(a "hero" in the Arab world)
survuved assassination attempts at the hands of Muslim
fundamentalists. The reason
Mr. Sadat has been labelled a
"traitor" was not because he
made "peace " with Israel but
because he left the Palestinian
people 'high and dry,' helpless
to fend for themselves. If he
achieved 'real peace', (ie. the
recognition of Palestinian
rights) he would surely have
beenregardedintheArab world
as the "man who brought justice and peace.'
Mr. Champion then accuses me of "slicing and misinterpreting documentary
sources." Anallegationlikethat
is not worthy of the ink it is
printed with unless supported
by relevant documentation. In
this regard Mr. Championfails
miserably. All that I quoted
stands on its own. It is documented and the references are
available in the library. On the
other hand, Mr. Champion
rarely documents his quotations as shown in his (not so
selective!) "quotations" fram
"Arab leaders."
Contrary to what Mr.
Champion thinks, I do take
t6he time to understand the
plight of Jews. I try to understand how they feel when they
talk about racism, stereotyping, it is why I prefer a peaceful
solution to the Arab-Israeli
problem. Itis why Ibelieve that
the only way out of our debacle
is for a peaceful-settlement
where Arab and Jew can livwe
peacefully. Mr. Champion
should not expect us to "sell"
our Palestinian brothers the
way Sadat did. A solution can
be found only when Palestinians are allowed to return to
their land and live in a non-
sectarian, secular, democratic
country alongside their fellow
Jews. It is in ^justice and only
justice" that we can ever hope
for a long lasting peace.
Rafeh Hulays
Graduate Student
Electrical Engineering
Symbol or cymbal?
by Chung Wong
Vancouver, August 2—"Chinks out."
Riding the Hastings bus between Alma and
Granville Streets, can be o^te scenic. "Chinks
out" AH the shiny stores. "Chinks out." All the
fine restaurants. "Chinks out" AD those bus-
stop seats. "Chinks out" And their advertisements. "Chinks out"
All those newspaper stands. "Chinks out"
You can almost see the front page story.
"CMnksout"Ifsalmost
like a subway ride.
"Chinks out." Every
stop, oblivious people
wait    and    watch.
"Chinksc4it"Eveiystop,theie'sasign."Chihks
out" Itfs over though when you're at the end of
your ride. "KILL ALL COPS...& ASIANS."
But one thing I might want to suggest is
that someone do a better job, and quicker,
cleaning-up the graffiti that people like "us"
might not appreciate.
Kinda makes you wonder if there's a
darigerous person on the loose behind theblack
marker stunts. Sleep well, eh?
Freestyles
PS. Someone might want to
dean-upthe"NOASJANS"sign
on the walk-way pillar at
Jericho Beach too.
UBC courses against Asians
by Chung Wong
Our education translates into society.
Every year, the UBC film department
chooses its selection of "available films" to
introduce culture-seeldngstudents to the world
of cinema—an agenda usually slanted against
the interest of Asian students.
Inevitably, the curriculum chosen is polarized around the praise of Western civilization—and the indirect rejection of Blacks,
Asians and Natives. For an Asian to take such
a course, the studentisexpected to understand
the values and styles ofthe West and be able
to articulate them. A rejection of their racial
polarity must occur to accel.
Understanding what most professor's
cant understand—like Asian realities—is
meaningless in such a course. And often, an
Asian studentismeaningless in suchacourse.
The professors admit, there is not enough
access to racially diverse films, yet when grading occurs, it is inevitably most ofthe Asian
students in class that do not attain a first
This type of curriculum is not unique at
UBC. Canadianliterature, wcrldhistoiy,music
history, art history, law, theatre, political science—they're all in the calendar. They're
designed to make most Asian students panic.
Yes, one may argue Asians have the
freedom to write Asian-oriented essays inAsian
writing styles in some courses, but is it smart
to pursue a direction most professors cannot
truly respect? Is there really freedom?
6/THE SUMMER UBYSSEY
August 8,1991 steTn valley festival" ~I
Bohemian rapture won and lost
by Kathryn Wieler
AS I started the long trek
back to my sagging tent,
unable to appreciate Barney
Bental's cover of an AC/DC song,
I heard the sounds of drumming
emanating from one ofthe
vending stalls.
A large circle was forming
around a group playing several
sets of bongos, drums, cow bells,
coat hangers, and whistles. It
was difficult to not dance and
clap to the beat.
Events where people came
together, uninhibited, to play
music and to dance, was invigorating and added the spiciest
flavour to the structured melange
of events at the Stein Festival.
The spontaneous musical
interlude, however, was quickly
dispersed by a policeofficer
claiming that poor Barney
couldn't hear himself sing.
Thankfully, for those few blissful
moments, neither could we.
The character and scale of
the Stein Valley festival has
changed since its humble
beginnings in 1985. The calibre
and range ofthe performers at
the festival this year clearly
illustrated the giant leap that
the event has made in popularity
and scope.
This change, however, has
been positive and negative. The
contemporary version of Voices
for the Wilderness reaches more
people in terms of numbers, but
the intimacy ofthe early
festivals has been lost.
This year's event was
dictated by a schedule, packed
with speakers, discussion panels
and performers. Much ofthe
charm of such an event, however,
was in the informal activities.
It was very difficult, but I
was able to tear myself from the
centre stage and wander around
the grounds which held pleasant
surprises. A variety of activities
going on included jugglers,
musicians, several hacky sack
circles, and people playing with
devil sticks. Even the tenting
grounds were busy with activity.
A group of musicians
performed an impromptu concert
and several people danced in a
Gypsy-like fashion. The songs
delivered messages of peace and
harmony. "People watching" was
also a colourful fashion spectacle
with Bohemian styles in abundance.
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August 8,1991
THE SUMMER UBYSSEY/7 ARTS
J
UBC prof writes history of British Columbia
fry Rick Hiebert
JEAN Barman doesn't act
like a best-selling author.
She is one ofthe first people
I have ever interviewed who had
nice things to say about the
graffiti scrawled on The
Ubyssey's wall.
"'Journalism is the first
rough draft of history.' Hmm.
Reminds me of historians. We do
that too."
INTERVIEW
with author
and UBC lecturer
Jean Barman
Jean Barman's best seller is
not the typical best seller either.
It is a popular history ofthe
people of British Columbia
published by an academic press
and nobody is more surprised
than the UBC Social and
Educational Studies assistant
professor about her book's
success, it has already sold
thousands of copies.
"I'm shocked actually. I'm
hearing from people out of the
blue that call me to say they like
something out ofthe book,"
Barman said. "I didn't expect
this at all."
The West Beyond the West,
published by the University of
Toronto Press, has consistently
been in the BC best-seller list
since it came out in late spring.
The book examines the history of
BC in a different way, as
Barman's research helps the
reader look at BC history from
the perspective ofthe many social
movements that have shaped the
lives of us all.
She looks at the average
British Columbian and tries to
get away from the fixation she
feels that some historians have
with "dead white men."
"Every reference is there
because it points out a trend, and
to draw readers into my history,"
Barman said.
"The inevitable part of it is
because so much historical
sources are about the 'dead white
men' that have done so much in
BC, any history will discuss
them. I tried to get beyond that
by studying the role of women in
social movements for example,"
she said.
"Another reason for using
oral sources and looking at social
movements is that you can use
and integrate women, Natives,
Orientals."
Barman said she tried to give
a sense ofthe times through
various periods of history.
"Most of the studies of social
movement are done in isolation.
What I tried to do was integrate
the movements— the reform
movement, women's rights, the
fight for racial tolerance—into
the body of history, to show what
was going on," she said.
"There are things that don't
wind up happening in history as
concrete events but they are
important to look at, for example, The One Big Union's fight
to unite labour (after the First
World War). They didn't get
what they wanted, but their
actions were influential in
shaping the history ofthe time."
Barman does not see herself
as a partisan historian, despite
her tendencies to look at the
average person.
"I don't think it's my role as
a historian to include my own
ideological view. Inevitably we
all have our own biases in
history, in the sources that we
select and what we write on, but
I tried to avoid that."
Barman tries to let the
various political perspectives
speak for themselves. Once, she
wrote a book on private boys'
schools and was pleased when
she got evenly divided hate
mail—some said she was too
lenient on the system and others
said she was too critical and
unfair. That's the kind of
response she likes to see.
"I wanted [the reader] to feel
good about living in BC and
understand the heritage in
politics, economics and culture
that we all share, whether we
have been here for two or 20
years."
Although she has been
getting some praise in academic
circles, Barman is unhappy that
BC history is occasionally given
short shrift by academics and
some readers as well.
"There's this school of
thought saying that if ordinary
people can understand your
work, you must be doing something wrong. That's silly. History
should be readily understandable. Some say too that if it is
important, it has to have
happened some place else than
fry Cheryl Niamath
WHAT do you get when you
cross a crowd of American
tourists with an amazing stunt
Pig?
Visit Granville Island before
Sunday and find out for yourself.
The Vancouver International Comedy Festival has
descended and Granville Island
is suddenly a lot more fun than
it usually is.
Outdoor performances at
Market Square and Triangle
Square feature street performers
from Alberta, Australia, England, and the Netherlands.
There is no admission fee
for the street shows, but don't
think the shows are free. These
people make their living performing on the street and if you
try to walk away without
making a donation, however
modest, they'll lay on a guilt
trip you'll never forget. Ever.
"It takes three to four
years of doing a show to make
it work and be able to make a
living from it," said Pieter
Post, who drew large crowds
on Sunday morning with his
performance of Mr. Jones and
Fred the Amazing Stunt Pig—A
Neurotic Comedy.
Post, who lives in the
Netherlands, said that while the
Comedy Festival paid for his
airfare and hotel, the only
payment he receives for his
performances comes straight out
of his audience's pockets.
Post has been performing all
over the world for 11 years in the
circus, the theatre and on the
street. He finds Canadian
audiences more uptight than
audiences in the Netherlands.
"You have to treat the
audience like children—they get
edgy if the performer keeps
failing. But failure is something
very pretty, very comical. The
funniest thing
you can do
is walk
straight
into a
tree."
Fred the Amazing Stunt Pig with friend
Gazzo Macee, from London,
England, had been performing
for 15 years and travelling for
the past seven. He feels the same
way about audiences.
"If s like you have to take
them all back to kindergarten.
They've already made their
minds up about the act, and I
have to reeducate them."
BC," she said. "Often we don't
know our history, we don't think
our history counts."
Barman brings the history
down to the present day in her
book, which is not often done by
academics, by analyzing newspaper accounts.
"Certainly historians will
reinterpret events later, I noted
that in my book when I mentioned that I used the press
accounts. One ofthe reasons that
I wanted to do that was to bring
the history down to 1990. -If you
as a reader have a history that
ends when you are two or three,
then it can seem dead to you.
That's so wrong. History is
alive."
Free laughs at Granville Island
Macee amazed audiences
Saturday and Sunday with
magic cups and disappearing
oranges, entertaining them at
the same time with his sarcastic—and sometimes downright
nasty— humour.
Australia's Nani McMullin
and Wayne Condo make up
Antebodies, and their mime/
comedy performance Sunday
afternoon delighted a crowd of
adults and children. McMullin
becomes a robot-like doll who
falls for some unsuspecting male
in the audience.
As the only female street
performer at the festival,
McMullin brings a different
perspective to the street show.
Unlike the automatons
you're likely to see on Robson
Street "who like to be threatening," McMullin's doll "is a
personality captured within the
automaton."
Her performance is very
emotional. "I like affecting
'people," she said. "When we
were doing the show in New
York, people would cry and Fd
just love it."
She feels comfortable
performing to audiences with
many women in them. "If I look
around and see lots of colours I
know there's a lot of women in
the audience. When there aren't
a lot of colours I know the
audience is mostly men and I
don't like that so much because
they take the show the wrong
way."
Antebodies at work and play
CHERYL NIAMAfH PHOTO
There are
many other
performances
being presented at
the Comedy
Festival in various
venues at
Granville Island
and downtown, but
the street shows
are in a class by
themselves.
There is more
interaction
between audience
and performer on
the street than
there ever is in a
comedy club. You
don't have to buy
tickets, and you're
free to leave if you
don't like the show.
Just remember the
hat isn't there on
the sidewalk for its
health.
The Vancouver
International
Comedy Fest street
performances start
at noon and
continue hourly
until 5pm, and if
you miss
Antebodies this
week, you can
catch them at the
Fringe this fall.
CHERYL NIAMATH PHOTO
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8/THE SUMMER UBYSSEY
August 8, 1991

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