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The Ubyssey Oct 17, 2013

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The leader of the Green Party will talk
about what society can do to avoid
sliding into "elected dictatorships."
6-10 P.M. @BUCHB318
Awizard game-off with Pride
UBC: "Welcome to the Flogwarts
Academy of Witchqueers and
Wizandry! Meet new friends in
your house, win competitions
and defeat the sinister forces that
In a battle of undefeated teams,
the Birds face the University
of Alberta Pandas in the final
game of the regular season. The
winner ofthe conference will host
playoffs in two weeks' time.
$2 for students, free for Blue Crew
This cover celebrates The Ubyssey's 95th anniversary. We included representations both old and new to remind readers of how far we've come
overtheyears. Illustration by Indiana Joel.
Want to see your events listed here?
Email your events listings to
Laura Citynski practices her technique as Randy Zhou spots the bar during a club training session.
Weight training for more
than gym rats and jocks
Mehryar Maalem
Are you serious with your
weight training and tired
of waiting in line to use the
weights at the BirdCoop? The
UBC Weightlifting and Power-
lifting Club might have an
Started by Sam Tsegai little
over a year ago, UBC Weight-
lifting and Powerlifting Club
describes itself as a place for
anyone from beginners to enthusiasts to do powerlifting or
Olympic-style weight lifting.
"This is more for beginners
that are tired ofthe 'Coop," said
Tsegai, the club's president, "but
it's also like an outlet for the
serious lifters that might spend a
whole session just on a dead lift."
Every Wednesday and Friday
evening, the club gets together
to focus on either powerlifting
or Olympic-Style weightlifting.
"Olympic-style weightlifting and powerlifting are both
amateur sports and most of us
have been training for less than
five years, so it's very much a
beginners' club, which is very
appealing to casual gym-goers
and those wanting to lift for the
first time," said Tsegai.
In addition to the training
sessions, the club also organizes meets within the club while
sending athletes to provincial and
national competitions.
"Last year we had 54 competitors," said Tsegai, who hopes to
have even more this year. "Most
of them were actually first-time
competitors, so it allowed them
to feel comfortable competing
because it was a local informal
club meet. They can get a grasp of
what the sport is first, [then] a lot
of them went on to compete at the
provincial level."
If people are not
constantly correcting
your form, it's really
easy for that to slip.
Eric Johnson
Weightlifting and
Powerlifting Club
Some of these "beginners" are
no slouches, though. "We plan
to send six competitors to the
national championship in April,"
Tsegai said.
Heavy weight training without
proper structured coaching can
result in injuries, so the club's
mission is to provide expert
coaching to its members.
One of their powerlifting
instructors is Randy Zhou, who
Tsegai said holds the Canadian
national record for the dead lift.
"He's going for a world record
pretty soon," said Tsegai.
"It's always nice to find other
sources of information on power-
lifting," said Erik Johnson, who
is new to the club this year. "If
people are not constantly correcting your form, it's really easy
for that to slip. There are people
here who are really impressive
who have obviously performed
more than I do. So it's good to
have sources of advice."
There is also an emphasis on
providing affordable coaching
to UBC students, as a year-long
membership costs just $10 for
UBC students. For non-students, the membership costs
$15. According to Tsegai, anyone
interested in the sport competitively or looking to get fit can
drop in during any ofthe training
sessions to sign up.
"Just start somewhere. A lot of
people don't want to do it because
they think they're weak, but
you've got to start somewhere,"
said Tsegai. ^9
Coordinating Editor
Geoff Lister
Managing Editor, Print
Ming Wong
Managing Editor, Web
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News Editors
Will McDonald +
Sarah Bigam
Senior News Writer
Brandon Chow
Culture Editor
Rhys Edwards
Senior Culture Writer
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Sports + Rec Editor
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Features Editor
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Copy Editor
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Photo Editor
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aaper of the University of Rritish Cn-
umbia. Itispublished
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of British Columbia. All editorial content
appearing in The Ubyssey is the property ofThe Ubyssey Publications Society. Stories, opinions, photographs anc
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t is agreed by all persons placing display or classified advertising that if the
Jbyssey Publications Society fails to
aublish an advertisement or if an er-
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aaid for the ad. The UPS shall not be
•esponsible for slight changes or ty-
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FRIDAY OCTOBER 25, 2013   7:00am - 5:30pm
Presented by Eaton Educational Group
At the Westin Bayshore Hotel, Vancouver, BC
and Education
Strengthening the Connection
Educators, parents, psychologists, counsellors, speech language pathologists, occupational therapists,
=aculty of Education students and anyone interested in the connections between the fields of
education and neuroscience are welcome to register to hear this amazing line-up of speakers.
Register at: www.neuroplasticityandeducation.com
Bonus Session.
Brain Basics
Exercise is
Medicine for the
Changes Brain
Function: How
Neuroscience Witt
m 0
The Intimate
Between Mental
Health Issues
and Learning
Keynote: From
Emotion to
Cognition: Love
As The Ground
For Learning
Growing inner
Strengths in
Children, Parents,
and Teachers
! eaton cognitive
' improvement
SCHOOL // News
architecture gets
ships together
Following privacy concerns, a UBC-based group that tests pharmacutical drugs fighting to get its funding back has found support in a lobby of Canadian doctors.
Medical watchdog wants funds restored
Brandon Chow
Senior News Writer
A UBC-based prescription drug
assessment program has had its
funding suspended by the provincial government, and now a lobby
group of Canadian physicians are
petitioning for its return.
"Everybody needs an independent source of evidence on drugs
that doesn't have a vested interest,"
said James Wright, an executive
committee member of Therapeutics Initiative, the independent
assessment program.
Therapeutics Initiative was
started in 1994 to provide research-based, non-biased data for
doctors and pharmacists in B.C.
Many of its researchers are UBC
medical academics and scientists.
In April 2012, their funding was
cut from $1,000,000 annually to
TransLink launches new
bus-tracking site
Yesterday, TransLink launched a
new website, TransLink BusTracker,
which tracks buses on a live map. It
also shows stops nearby and lists
the times the buses will arrive.
Users can save the buses
or bus stops to their device for
quick reference.
The site is accessible on iPhone,
Android, BlackBerry, Windows
Phone, tablets and desktop computers.
U BC to offer new law degree
UBC is launching a master of laws in
taxation degree in August 2014. This
one-year, postgraduate program
requires 30 credits to graduate, up
to six of which are elective credits in
other non-tax law courses.
The program will be full-time, with
a mandatory introductory course
taught in August. There will also be a
part-time option.
Farewell to Orchard Garden
The Orchard Garden hosted its third
and final annual Harvest Celebration
on Oct. 16. The garden, located
behind the Macmillan building on
campus, has been in use by student
gardeners since 2005.
Construction on the planned Orchard Commons student residence
will begin on the site in 2014. The garden is looking for a new location, xi
$550,000. This September, that
sum was suspended on the basis of
an RCMP investigation into a privacy breach of data on behalf of the
Therapeutics Initiative and several
B.C. health ministry employees.
Wright said they have informed
the government that they need
$1,000,000 to operate, and would
ideally like to get funding restored
to at least $550,000. This money
would primarily go towards the
salaries ofthe researchers.
Although funding has been suspended, many ofthe UBC researchers who are part ofthe program
won't be affected financially, according to UBC Director of Public Affairs
Lucie McNeill. McNeill said these
researchers hold other positions
within the university and receive an
annual salary for their work, which
is why the Initiative has not yet been
completely shut down.
between two on-
campus sexual
Sarah Bigam
News Editor
At 3:30 a.m. on Sunday morning,
a 20-year-old female student was
sexually assaulted on campus.
According to an RCMP press
release, the assault occurred
inside her apartment building in
the 2700 block of Fairview Crescent. The woman was returning
home when an unknown man
emerged from a stairwell in the
building and attempted to take
off her clothes and put his hands
up her skirt.
The woman managed to break
free and when she screamed for
help, the man fled on foot. She
escaped unharmed.
The RCMP are currently trying to determine if this incident
is connected to a sexual assault
that occurred on campus on Sept.
28. The assault occurred on the
6300 block of Biological Sciences Road, which extends from
Swing Space to the new Earth
Sciences Building.
"It's certainly not an isolated
incident given that we had one
The Therapeutics Initiative has
written a letter to the provincial
government outlining support for
its program from various medical
and academic bodies. That letter has
gone unanswered, according to Vanessa Brcic, a family physician who
sits on the board ofthe 9,000-mem-
ber Canadian Doctors for Medicare
group leading the petition.
Brcic called the RCMP investigation "ridiculous."
"[It's a] strategy by the government to avoid talking about the cuts
to funding."
She was suspicious that the Liberal government doesn't support the
program because it was originally
endorsed by the NDP government.
Brcic, who uses Therapeutics
Initiative data in her clinical practice, said there are many benefits
to the program that translate well
outside of B.C. "The [Therapeutics
Initiative], even though it's a local
program, is the kind of model for
an independent drug review that is
needed more globally," she said.
"You need an academic institution to look at these drugs impartially, to show what works and what
doesn't work."
She also said the program could
result in huge savings for the
government by preventing complications from unsafe drugs, the
treatment of which costs the health
care system.
"[It] can make sure that drugs
that are harmful are not going into
the wrong patients' hands... And if
[the government] doesn't want to
support that, that's something very
worrisome to be going on in B.C."
The BC Health Ministry was contacted multiple times for this article
and did not provide a comment by
press time. XI
Two cases of sexual assault have been reported on campus over the past two weeks.
just a couple weeks prior," said
UBC RCMP Sgt. Drew Grainger.
"There are many similarities that
are leading us to that direction
that they are connected, but we
have not been able to confirm
that they are connected yet."
According to the RCMP, the
suspect is Caucasian and in
his mid to late 20s. He is approximately 5-foot-10 and of
medium build. He was wearing
a dark hoodie at the time of
the attack.
The RCMP were notified at
noon on Sunday when the victim
called their office to file a report.
"UBC RCMP would like to
remind everyone walking on
campus at night to be vigilant of
their surroundings and potential
vulnerability when alone," the
press release said.
Anyone who can help identify
the suspect is invited to contact
the university RCMP detachment
at (604) 224-1322 or Crime Stoppers at 1-800-222-TIPS. XI
UBC's shipbuilding program is expanding.
Sophia Yang
UBC has a new naval architecture
and marine engineering (NAME)
NAME is a stream within the
master of engineering in mechanical engineering program, and
focuses specifically on the design,
construction, maintenance and
operation of waterborne vehicles.
Seven new shipbuilding-related courses were created for the
program this year, as well as an
internship, which Jon Mikkelsen,
associate director ofthe NAME
program and mechanical engineering professor, described as being
"like a co-op job."
Some of these courses began this
September, and the other courses
as well as the internship will start
in the 2014 portion of this academic
year. The courses were officially
passed by UBC Senate on Sept. 18.
"We've never taught courses in
actual ship production or shipbuilding [before], and we've added two
courses in that area," said Mikkelsen.
In 2011, UBC's shipbuilding program had only six to eight students
per class. This year, there are 14
students in the NAME program.
Mikkelsen said that the expansion ofthe program is due to the
$8 billion in shipbuilding contracts
with Seaspan Marine's Vancouver
yard announced in 2011.
"This program is part of a
value proposition, so as part of
the contract to Seaspan, to build
these ships, there's an obligation to
invest money from the contract into
education... and it encompasses the
design of ships," Mikkelsen said.
"Our job is to educate engineers
in order to do that job."
Putting this into practice, a
team of UBC engineers won the
World Ferry Safety Association
student competition for their Safe
Affordable Ferry design this past
June, an international competition where participants design
affordable ferries for developing
nations. This year, the challenge
was to design a ferry capable of
safely transporting 500 passengers
250 kilometres along Bangladesh's
inland river system.
Brenden Oke, UBC mechanical
engineering alum served as the lead
student correspondent with the
competition committee. His team
will receive a $5,000 prize for their
"The concept was to come
up with a stable ship design, but
affordable to build for developing nations," Oke said. "Our little
twist in the competition is that we
wanted to make the ship cheaper to
operate as well."
Oke said that the team wanted to
design a vessel that can push naval
technology and safety improvements forward. "There's no indication that our design will actually be
built, but it is a possibility." XI NEWS    I   THURSDAY, OCTOBER 17, 2013
UBC study links genetics to negativity
Genetic variation found more frequently in some populations than others
Arno Rosenfeld
Features Editor
A genetic variant may be responsible for some people's negative
thoughts, according to a new
study by a UBC psychology professor — but you may be more or
less likely to posses that variant
depending on your where you're
from in the world.
The variation in question — the
ADRA2b deletion variant — is
prevalent in about half of Canadians, while a previous study
found the gene present in only 10
per cent of Rwandans.
The study found that the deletion variant is associated with a
heightened perception of negative
stimuli in one's environment,
co-author ofthe study UBC professor Rebecca Todd said.
One example of this in practice
is that if someone with the variant walked into a crowded room,
the person would be more likely
to notice the hostile faces.
"You can't look at everybody at
the same time, so what's going to
catch your attention first?" Todd
said. "Our findings suggest that
people that have this variant in
their genes are more likely to see
things in the environment that
are more negative or threatening."
While this aspect ofthe study
was widely reported by the media,
the idea that a gene affecting
personality might be tied to populations from a given geographic
area was mostly overlooked.
Mark D. Shriver, a professor
of anthropology and genetics at
Penn State University who has
studied genetic variations across
ethnic groups, said that there are
distinct genetic differences across
various populations.
Shriver said these variations
only occur in approximately five
per cent ofthe 25,000 or so genes
humans have, and they affect
things like skin tone and physic-
The study examined a gene causing negative perceptions, found in about half of Canadians, but only about 10 per cent of Rwandans.
al build. Most research on the
differences across ethnic groups
— or "populations," according to
the terminology used in the field
— has focused on genes' physical
expressions because those are
easier to observe and prove.
But genes like ADRA2b have
both physical manifestations —
it is correlated to higher blood
pressure — as well as psychological ones, as demonstrated in the
negativity study.
Shriver said this is to
be expected.
"In part because of religion,
we think of this duality between
the physical body and the mind,"
Shriver said. "But the brain is
really entirely rooted in biology."
Shriver said the research
focusing on genetic variations
across populations is not about
race or ethnicity so much as
geographic location.
"You can't look at continental
populations, because if a person
moves even a couple hundred
miles away, they're not going to
be mating with the same people,"
Shriver said.
While not common, Shriver
said there have been some other
studies into differing personality
traits based on genetic variation.
One gene, DRD4, is associated
with ADHD, novelty seeking and
sexual experimentation, and is
more prevalent in individuals
the farther they live from Africa,
where humanity is believed to
have originated.
"The idea is, people who
needed something more would be
more likely to leave their villages," he said.
But exploring genetic variation in the context of differences
across populations is fraught
with controversy.
"While there may be differences in appearance for people
from various regions, that does
not necessarily imply that there
are significant inherited differences to distinguish humans,"
said Anita Ho, a bioethics expert
at UBC's W. Maurice Young
Centre for Applied Ethics. "From
an ethical perspective, we need to
be very careful about the science
behind 'ethnic' research."
Todd agreed that the subject needed to be approached
with sensitivity.
"Any time you get into anything
that differs across ethnic groups it
gets sensitive and almost any research can get misinterpreted if it
gets into the wrong hands," Todd
said. But she said more interesting
was examining how the genetic
variant expressed itself in people
from different cultures.
The gene is linked to heightened emotional perception and
while this study was conducted
with University or Toronto
undergrads, the gene might
express itself differently in
other cultures.
"It's not necessarily linked to
threat or negativity and we don't
know why in this group it's linked
to negativity," Todd said.
Despite his decades of research
into the topic of genetic variation
across different populations,
Shriver agreed ethnic and geographic differences played a far
smaller role than other factors.
"The differences between
men and women are far more
significant... and I haven't seen
that vary much between ethnic
groups," he said.
In fact, when you get to the
root of most research dealing
with supposedly significant personality or physiological differences between ethnic groups, the
studies usually dispel the notion
that race or ethnicity caused
the differences.
Chrystyna Kouros, an assistant
professor at Southern Methodist
University in Texas, has received
a grant to study "ethnic differences in... childhood depression."
But she said the differences were
more about the stresses associated minority status, signaled
by ethnicity.
"Ethnicity itself usually isn't
a very good explanatory variable
— it's usually a proxy for something else," Kouros said. "You
always want to make sure you're
measuring socioeconomic status,
poverty and level of education,
because when you talk about racial differences, there's nothing
inherent about being a particular
race." XI
High school grad sent to research Finnish education
Anjali Vyas to be paid $8,ooo by B.C. Ministry of Education for her research
Austen Erhardt
Anjali Vyas may only be a first-
year student at UBC, but she's
already spent six months conducting research abroad — on a
government contract.
After graduating from high
school at Stelly's Secondary
School in 2012, Vyas spent six
months researching teacher
education in Finland, a country
internationally renowned for its
high-quality education system.
She had already been planning
the trip when she was introduced
to Rick Davis, superintendent of
achievement with the B.C. Ministry of Education, at a wedding.
Davis helped her get in touch
with the ministry to further
her project.
"I didn't feel like I wanted to go
straight into university. I wanted
to do something different. My
whole life, I've sort of been drawn
toward different types of educational reform," said Vyas.
Vyas was hired on contract
with the Ministry of Educa
tion to conduct three phases of
research: data collection and
interviews at the University of
Victoria, then at the University of
Helsinki in Finland, and a final
report, which she is currently
working on. Vyas said she is to be
paid $8,000 total for her work.
"The ministry's role was
actually pretty amazing," she
said, "because, surprisingly,
they didn't actually try to direct
my work. They said, 'No, we're
honestly interested in preserving
exactly what you want to go to
Finland to do. Your perspective
is important, unique, and no
one's done it before.'"
Some have been critical ofthe
project, however. On his blog,
UBC education professor Wayne
Ross highlighted Vyas' inexperience and the wealth of information on the Finnish education
system publicly available.
"Why would the B.C. Ministry
of Education send a 19-year-old
high school grad to Finland to
conduct research on a topic that
many B.C. educators, teacher educators and researchers
are fully informed about?" his
post read.
Ross pointed out that Simon
Fraser University has an Institute for Studies in Teacher
Education that partners with the
University of Tampere in Finland
and that there are multiple projects funded by the federal Social
Science and Humanities Research Council (SSHRC) which
specifically study education
in Finland.
"Public education is a serious
endeavour," Ross's post read.
"There are thousands of professional educators working in
classrooms and schools across
B.C. who [have] dedicated their
professional lives to making
public schools work for students,
families and communities across
the province."
Ross also criticized the apparent disregard for due process in
Vyas's hiring.
"Does Rick Davis and the B.C.
Ministry of Education really
believe a ... high school grad can
conduct research that provides
insights into the transformation
of teacher education in the province? If this is indicative ofthe
approach government is using to
construct the BC Education Plan,
there's little hope for the future
of B.C. schools."
According to the B.C. government's procurement policy, the
standard that governs the hiring
of contract workers, "any service
... with an estimated value of less
than $25,000 should be competed to the extent reasonable and
cost-effective." Additionally,
"when the total value ofthe services a ministry or agency needs
is less than $75,000, the ministry
or agency usually invites three
or more suppliers — often from a
list of pre-qualified suppliers —
to submit competitive proposals."
Vyas responded to the criticism by justifying the importance of her project and her role
in it. "[There were] definitely
some false assumptions made,"
she said.
"Do I think I'm the most
qualified person to go to Finland
and do research on their education system? No. I've never said
that, and I really don't believe
that. For my specific project, do
I feel I'm the best person? Yes.
Because it's not a formal research
paper — it was an inquiry into
Finnish teacher education from
the perspective of a student who
had recently graduated from a
B.C. high school."
Vyas said that her approach
differs from that of existing research. "A lot of people just look
at the quantitative numbers aspects to teacher education, while
I took a qualitative approach to
my work."
Now studying international
economics at UBC with the
hope of later attending law
school, Vyas said she hopes to
use her degree to help improve
education standards.
"I think my ultimate goal in
life, no matter where I go, is
going [to be] to want to make
good educational change in the
Davis and the B.C. Ministry
of Education did not respond to
multiple requests for comment
by press time.1!! MIND
Commodore MUSIC    I   THURSDAY, OCTOBER 17, 2013
Welcome to The Ubyssey's first major music
What do we mean by "major?" In olden times, we'd run a few topical
articles on a two-page spread in our newspaper and call it a "supplement." This is our first full-fledged, pull-out supplement, and we
decided to dedicate it to music.
Why? As discussed in one ofthe supplement's articles ("This is
your brain on music," p. 11), music affects everyone — and it goes far
beyond entertainment. It's included in the individual's struggle to find
meaning in life (p. 10) and humanity's struggle for freedom (p. 12). It's
also a daily part of our lives at UBC, whether we're in a band ourselves (p. 6-7) or attending a concert on campus or off (p. 7-9).
We wanted to write about something all students could relate to,
and we figured music was that thing.
Hope you enjoy!
-Features Editor Arno Rosenfeld, Culture Editor Rhys Edwards
where the
ic begins
g  -  m
MTq«fc 368 Terminal Ave.
IN I a *      Vancouver
com   604.734.4886
H00VES take fun seriousl
Marlee Laval
For UBC-based girl group
HOOVES, music is all about fun.
"When people take music
seriously, good for them, but I feel
like we are the opposite," said bass
player Zarah Cheng, a fifth-year
Commerce student at UBC. "We're
all about just having a good time."
Formed through meeting in
classes and around campus, the
group started to first play in Cheng's
garage. This evolved into playing at
house parties and eventually larger
venues, which prompted the release
of their Dear Nevada EP earlier
this year.
"Venues were not really keen on
letting us play without hearing stuff
first," said Cheng. "We finished all
the recordings in one day, which
was super intense."
"It was exhausting, but it
was fun," added drummer Jo-
sefa Cameron, a fourth-year
anthropology major.
Placing the EP — recorded at
Studio Downe Under in Abbots-
ford — into a genre at a record
store, however, could be difficult.
Having been compared to the
Yeah Yeah Yeahs, Madonna and,
according to Cheng, "the Spice
Girls on meth," HOOVES has
since created their own genre:
"unicorns barking."
"People always ask us what our
music sounds like, and we don't even
know," said Cameron.
While their style is unspecified,
the group says that avoiding comparisons is difficult. "I feel like there
is a little bit of a stereotype, because
we are an all-girl band, that we get
compared to other girl groups,"
said Cheng.
Regardless ofthe stereotypes, the
group's main focus is still to have as
much fun as possible — even with
a limited budget, which they list as
their biggest challenge.
"I like having absolutely no
money and trying to make things
work," said guitarist and Sauder School of Business graduate
Brittani Ballantyne.
H00VES' capacity to have a good time is matched only be their impeccable fashion sense.
"It makes you more creative, having no money," added vocalist and
keyboardist Paulette Cameron, an
environmental design graduate, and
Josefa's sister. "You come up with
better ways to do things.
"We did a trip to Calgary on a
zero-dollar budget," she said. "The
shows paid for gas, and that was it.
It was really fun."
In fact, the group agrees that
shows are by far the most exciting
part of being in a band.
"I love super tight and sweaty
places where everyone is just wild,"
said Cheng. "When they are pushing
us around, that's my favourite.
When Paulette gets pushed around
and her keyboard gets knocked over,
that's the best."
The fun does not always stop
when the show is over, however.
Post-show antics have included
impromptu dance parties.
"[On one occasion,] everyone
from the show came outside, Brittani played music in her car, and we
all literally danced in the street,"
Paulette said. "People were walking
by and joined us. It was a nice time."
While future plans for the band
are unclear — though they are confirmed for a show on Oct. 29 at the
Biltmore — HOOVES hopes to continue the fun they have been having.
"It would be really cool to record
another album, but it's expensive,"
Paulette said.
"We're not really taking it too
seriously," sister Josefa added. "We
take fun seriously, though."
For other groups who want to
start making music and playing
shows, HOOVES wishes for bands
to not take themselves too seriously.
"Smile on stage!" Josefa said.
"Sometimes when I watch bands,
they are way too serious live. They
don't look like they are having
a good time and nor do their
"We don't really know what we're
doing, but we are pretty good at it,"
Paulette said.
Paulette advised upcoming
bands, and especially girl groups,
to not be afraid. "Girls, if you know
what you are doing in the music
scene, then just go for it." U
HOOVES can be found on Facebook
and Soundcloud.
Funk Dirty spits fresh university rhymes
UBC hip hop outfit Funk Dirty is already making names across the country.
Sarah Manshreck
Despite beingtogether for only two
months, hip-hop band Funk Dirty
has come a long way.
The group recently won the
2013 Campus Choice Award for
Canada's most prominent artist or
entertainer, winning out against
competitors from universities all
over Canada, including Western
University and the University of
Although broadly classified as
hip-hop, there is something unique
about the sound of Funk Dirty.
Made up of vocalist Maneo Mohale,
rapper Francis Aravelo, beatbox-
er and sound effects expert Sam
Dabrusin and drummer Gabe White
— all UBC students — as well as
Vancouver Community College student and keyboardist Sasha Olynyk,
they are reluctant to classify their
band's sound into one category.
"It's just this crazy energy that
comes together," white said.
Although the jazz and funk
influence is clear, they credit a large
part of their original sound to spontaneity and late-night jam sessions,
and stress how each member ofthe
group has their own niche to fill.
"It is a rare opportunity where
everyone is skilled in their medium
of expression, but also equally
invested," said Aravelo, who personally credits rapper Shad as an
inspiration for his lyrics.
In contrast, bandmate Mohale
credits Ella Fitzgerald as her "driving force." The resulting music is
definitely something special.
On first glance, it is a challenge
to see how such involved individuals can find the time to work
together. Mohale, for example,
has to balance her obligations as
president ofthe Africa Awareness
Initiative with the requirements of
her honours degree in history and
international relations.
However, it is clear that Funk
Dirty is a priority for the band as a
whole. Many of its members have
dropped other commitments to
dedicate more time to the band.
Furthermore, many ofthe group's
extracurricular activities outside
of music have assisted the band's
cohesion — in fact, it was their
involvement in a UBC SLAM open
mic night that initially brought the
performers together.
Although Dabrusin and Olynyk
were not available for interview,
their fellow bandmates had only
positive things to say about them.
They got serious when speaking of
Olynyk, with White describing him
as "the best musician," and spoke of
how rarely he makes mistakes.
On Dabrusin, his dedication
to sound effects was linked to his
versatility. "He's like a Swiss army
knife. Throw him at anything and
he'll get it done," said Aravelo.
Even though Funk Dirty have
only been together for two months,
they have already performed at
a number of Vancouver venues.
After doing a set on CiTR radio,
they have gone onto do shows at
the Backstage Lounge and Fortune
Sound Club.
The group has also stayed true to
their roots, however, and performed
on campus during Imagine Day. In
Aravelo's words, it is UBC's "community of artistic culture," and their
connection to the city, that has given
Funk Dirty extra opportunities and
success in performances off campus.
When asked what their goal
was with regards to future
performances, they pointed to
a whiteboard in Aravelo's dorm
room where the words "Block
Party" are spelled out in huge letters. "That's where we're headed,"
he said, earnestly. UBC, it seems,
is their favourite audience.
But the most notable feature of
Funk Dirty as a band is the close
connection between the musicians.
Some of their greatest sounds have
come from impromptu sessions,
and they are able to read each
other well on stage. Watching them
interact, it is obvious that their
chemistry as a group is genuine.
"I don't know how we got to this
point," Arevalo said. "It just is this
way. And it comes from a place of
friendship." '5J
Funk Dirty can be found on
My Space, Soundcloud and Face-
book. THURSDAY, OCTOBER 17, 2013    |    MUSIC
A Chan Centre world premiere
Kronos Quartet returns to campus to celebrate four decades of music making
They may like their water pure, but the infamous Kronos Quartet aren't afraid to blend musical genres or blur the boundaries between electronic and acoustic soundmaking.
Joey Levesque
This Saturday, the Chan Centre will
host not one, but two contemporary
music legends.
On Oct. 19, the Chan will open
their new music season with
a Philip Glass world premiere,
written for and performed by the
Kronos Quartet. To celebrate their
50th anniversary, the Faculty of
Arts, through the Chan Centre, has
co-commissioned an entirely new
piece from the legendary composer,
which Kronos co-founder David
Harrington called "[Glass'] very
best... He held nothing back." The
new piece, String Quartet No. 6, will
be introduced by Glass himself in
an exclusive discussion before the
The show, "Kronos at 40," celebrates just that: four decades ofthe
San Francisco-based chamber music
ensemble's love affair with experimentation and collaboration. The
quartet, composed of Harrington
and John Sherba on violin, Hank
Dutt on viola and new addition
Sunny Yang on cello, has received
a variety of awards - including a
Grammy - for their outstanding
ability to adapt anything, from
Eastern European folk music to Jimi
Hendrix, for audiences worldwide.
In particular, they are known for
playing compositions commissioned
uniquely for them.
Chan Centre co-managing
director Joyce Hinton, a self-described Kronos Quartet groupie, has
brought Kronos to the Chan Centre
before, notably as part ofthe 2010
Cultural Olympiad with Inuit vocalist Tanya Tagaq. She described how
Kronos' manager approached the
Centre to propose the partnership,
attributing this to the combination
of Vancouver audiences and the
Centre itself. As Harrington himself
put it, "[The Chan is] one of our very,
very, very favourite halls."
The performance will also
feature the Canadian premiere of
Hymnals by Nicole Lizee, written
for Kronos and featuring vintage electronics and percussive
guitar work.
"The shape ofthe concert is such
that I'm hoping our listeners feel
like they've traveled through a vast
universe of musical possibilities,"
said Harrington. "Every piece has
a different way of approaching the
sound ofthe hall and approaching
the feeling of music filling the hall."
The program will open with
John Oswald's Spectre written for
Kronos in the early '90s; the original
recording features the sound of 800
Kronos Quartets playing simultaneously at its peak. This will be fol
lowed by the Canadian premiere of
Jacob Garchik's arrangement of Last
Kind Words by Geeshie Wiley — who
Harrington considers "one ofthe
greatest American singer-composers" — then an early 20th-century
cantorio, Lizee's Hymnals, Glass'
String Quartet No. 6, Tanburi Cemil
Bey's Evic Taksim, and a traditional
Iranian lullaby arranged by Garchik.
The performance will conclude
with Hold Me, Neighbour, in This
Storm, by Aleksandra Vrebalov — a
Serbian composer who, according to
Harrington, brings out "some ofthe
most amazing music being written
right now."
One thing Harrington is passionate about is improvement through
collaboration. He discussed his
experiences with Veda Reynolds, his
violin teacher: "The last thing Veda
ever said to me was, 'You know, the
great thing about music is, it always
can be better.' That's so consistent
with her teaching; you can always
find things to add or experiment
with. Music is so much a part of life
and the universe."
As part ofthe Chan Centre Connects initiative, Harrington will be
giving an artist's talk and participating in a moderated discussion this
Friday at the UBC Music Building.
"I haven't the slightest idea of what
I'll say!" he laughed.
"I'm very much committed to
listening to what I do and trying to
make it better. When you work in a
group, one thing you always try to
do is to always improve what you do,
and we all try to get the best out of
each other. Kronos is very committed to teaching each other and
learning from one another." 'ffl
David Harrington's talk is Oct. 18
from 12-1 p.m. in Room 116, Music
Building. Philip Glass will be giving
a talk at 6:30 p.m. before the Kronos
Quartet concert at 8 p.m. on Oct.
19. A limited number of rush tickets
are available at the Chan Centre box
office (open 12-5p.m.) with special
student pricing available upon presentation of a valid student ID.
Greet the Mind gets grassroots at the nightclub
Gabriel Germaix
"The average forest-dweller."
This is how Mike Jensen and Igor
Puznov describe the audience that
listens to their music. As unusual as
it may appear for electronic music
producers, this statement embodies
Greet the Mind's philosophy.
For Puznov, currently taking
a year off of his Forestry degree,
and Jensen, a third-year software
engineering student at UBC, the
adventure that led to the success
of Greet the Mind started about
a year ago. Jensen was a Wreck
Beach jammer - playing the guitar
and harmonica - and had previously played in Snag Junction,
a now defunct bluegrass band
also composed of UBC students.
Puznov, on the other hand, had
been playing the violin as well as
toying with electronic music since
high school.
Soon after meeting Puznov
through a common friend, it became
evident the two of them were to
found a band. "For me, it was the
first time that we jammed. We
jammed for 20 minutes straight,"
said Jensen, "I had never seen anything like that before." They came
up with a name: Greet the Mind.
In the ever-flourishing world of
electronic music, they had to come
up with a label for their music.
Puznov described it as "forest-inspired trip-hop." Indeed, most of
their tracks feature rainforest noises, or an atmosphere of fresh and
misty Canadian woods.
If electronic components were
to always be part of their music,
Puznov and Jensen wanted to make
it smooth - some might even say
exotic. No surprise they mention
Pretty Lights and Gramatik as
inspirational artists.
"We didn't want to make abrasive
music," said Jensen.
"It's made to be friendly,"
Puznov added.
And lively, as well. Over the past
few months, Greet the Mind has
been performing at several major
Vancouver clubs: first at the Annex
nightclub, and then only a couple
weeks ago at the Fortune Sound
Club for a party hosted by the UBC
Surf Club. On stage, they jam over
mastered tracks, Puznov playingthe
violin and Jensen the guitar.
The two musicians do not
hesitate to cut their tracks and fully
improvise. "Our tracks couldn't
really exist without us playing as
well. Our live playing fills the track,"
Jensen said. To complete their live
band, they plan to invite a drummer
or even a didgeridoo player on stage.
To involve the audience even
more, Puznov and Jensen show
video footage from the conservation organization Pacific Wild. The
movies are not only an invitation to
wonder at nature, but also a testimony to the band's commitment to
protecting Canadian wildlife. Part
ofthe benefits of Greet the Mind's
shows are donated to Pacific Wild.
Through this organization,
Puznov and Jensen believe they
can give back what the rainforest
brought them. The Canadian
woods inspire their music, and the
musicians try to protect it by giving
exposure to the endangered wildlife
that lives there. "It's a symbiotic
relation, really," Puznov said.
When asked if their near future
involves UBC, Puznov and Jensen
reply with a smile: "We definitely
want to play at Block Party." If they
were to accomplish this objective,
there's no doubt they would give a
unique musical performance to the
school that united them — and its
surrounding rainforest. tJ
Greet the Mind can be found on Face-
book and Soundcloud.
gor Puznov, left, and Mike Jensen, right, synthesize the sounds of the forest with classical instruments and electronica. 8    I    MUSIC    I   THURSDAY, OCTOBER 17,2013
The Ubyssey
guide to the
best music spots
in Vancouver
Whoever first called Vancouver the "no-fun city" must have been deaf.
After all, if you're unable to appreciate sound, it's entirely understandable you would ignore the local music scene, which constitutes one of
the city's most outstanding cultural offerings. There are literally dozens
of shows happening most nights ofthe week in Vancouver, at venues
both large and small, catering to tastes that span the entirety of the
audio spectrum.
And even if you're not into live music, it's still possible to have a good
time — most ofthe venues we've featured here offer supplementary
diversions such as fashion shows, eating, fine art galleries and games.
Many of these venues also offer student-friendly prices, too. Of course,
our survey here isn't exhaustive, but at the very least, it'll help you get
your eardrums wet.
Reviews by Rhys Edwards, Quinn Aebi, Sunny Chen, Ming Wong and CJ
Pentland. Graphic by Nena Nguyen.
Venue Nightclub
881 Granville St.
Usually a club-like atmosphere with
electronic dance music and DJs
spinning, but various artists play
here too including Atlas Genius and
Wale, who are both playing here in
coming months. Bonus: it's next
to McDonald's and your drunk,
danced-out self will need it.
The Vogue Theatre
918 Granville St.
Oneof thefewvenues left standing
from Vancouver's historic "Theatre
Row" — a famed lane of high-class
theatres from the mid 1900s — the
Vogue brings a vintage look to
modern music performances and
events. While still hosting theatrica
plays and other similar events, the
Vogue now caters to a much broad-
eraudience. Dancing in a hyped-up
crowd to modern electronic music
in a theatre that looks like it could
host The Phantom ofthe Opera is
quite the experience. Including an
upperdeck with cheapertickets,
the Vogue is a fully functioning bar,
music venue and theatre.
A must-stop for many ofthe top
classical musical acts in the world
since its opening in 1927, the
Orpheum Theatre on the Granville
strip still plays host to the Vancouver
Symphony Orchestra, but now hosts
the occasional rock show as well.
Also a popular location for movie
screenings, the building's stunning
architecture is perhaps the best
among Vancouvervenues, and its
sound is also arguably the best. Get
there early to bask in all the Orpheum
has to offer—they don't make concert halls like this anymore.
The Railway Club
The Commodore Ballroom
868 Granville St.
Opening in 1932 as an exclusive
club for the railway workers who
worked at the CPR station, the
Railway Club has since abolished
its tight guest list and now is a live
music venue open to the public.
The restaurant and pub section
makes you feel as if you are back in
the 1930s, with its quality wood and
brass trim. Paralleling this space is
the dance room, which hosts live
music from a variety of artists seven
days a week. One of the finer points
ofthe Railway Club is the diverse
selection of domestic and imported
brews and other cocktails.
Since its opening in 1929, the Commodore Ballroom has not disappointed in providing a consistently
fun, wild and also spacious dance
floor. The venue was originally
constructed as an alternative to
the single overcrowded ballroom
in Vancouver. Built right before the
stock market crash, the Commodore could have easily fallen under,
but smart managers thrived on
cheap admission. The venue quickly became popular among youth,
and today, it's one of Vancouver's
most favoured dance venues. The
Commodore features music from all
overthe world, hosting tourstops
for electronic, rock, punk, and many
other genres. It's great for groups of
friends to hang out and dance due
to the large floor, and the multiple
bars that line it.
The Media Club
True to its namesake, the Media
Club is a venue that caters to the
broadest possible interpretation of
the term "media." The Club provides
an open, all-purpose platform for
local musicians and DJs to ply their
art, with no particular mandate
towards one genre or another. It's
a no-nonsense venue with basic
acoustics, room for about 150
people, limited booth seating and
a standard bar. Shows are performed most nights of the week,
sometimes with double billing.
The Media Club is a great way to
get a live music fix without paying
through the nose.
Rogers Arena
800 Griffiths Way
If a well-known band or artist
comes to Vancouver, they're most
likely going to play Rogers Arena.
The 18,360-seat venue lacks
intimacy, and if you want to get up
close, you'll beshelling out the big
bucks to get on the floor. Cheap
seats still aren't that cheap, and will
leave you mainly watching the band
on the giant screens next to the
stage; however, the screens and
the fantastic light shows are a plus.
Overall, a concert here is typically
attended for one reason: you really
like the band that's playing.
The Calabash Bistro
The Calabash Bistro boasts the
biggest rum selection in Vancouver.
Featuring an authentic Caribbean
cuisine, the Calabash is a fully functioning restaurant and brings a fla-
vourful variety of dish and drink selections. On top of being a cultured
restaurant, local Vancouver artists
are highlighted quite often and bring
a number of diverse sounds to the
venue, including reggae, hip-hop,
funk and even poetry. The live
music is essential to the vibe of the
Calabash, and it does an excellent
job of bringing thesoulful island
experience to the Pacific Northwest.
Moving downstairs, the Calabash
is also home to Foundation Radio,
an online radio station that focuses
primarily on young, undiscovered
artists. If you're looking for a cultured
evening with live music and unique
food, the Calabash is an excellent
Fortune Sound Club
147 E Pender St.
The Fortune Sound Club offers
a mixed bag of both mainstream
and lesser-known DJs and
electronic outfits for Vancouver's
clubbing scene. With a suitably
outstanding sound system, the
Club hosts a variety of acts, from
local DJs and rappers to big
names like Brooke Candy, Jessie
Andrews and King Krule. If you're
planning to go in advance, you
can RSVP for the guest list for
free on Friday nights. Fortune
also hosts fashion shows for loca
boutiques like El Kartel and F as
in Frank, as well as vintage and
contemporary brands like RVCA
and DGK on Friday nights.
^M 10    I    MUSIC    I   THURSDAY, OCTOBER 17,2013
Making it in the Vancouver hip-hop scene
Martin Stillman
For roughly three months, local
rapper Gregory Travers put every
dime he had into making music to
the point that he was left without
a home.
Travers would rise at 6 a.m. in a
homeless shelter and was out the
door no later than 7:30. He worked
nine to five by day, but in the evenings, you could find him around
Vancouver, performing at various
open mic events and sometimes
freestyling outside ofthe Vancouver Art Gallery downtown.
Most days, he made it back to
the shelter before their 11 p.m. curfew, but occasionally, Travers was
forced to seek refuge in the dugout
at a Burnaby baseball diamond.
Travers lived like that so he
could pour all his extra income
into his grand investment: four-
hour recording sessions with
a sound engineer at a Gastown
warehouse. In August, it all began
to pay off upon the release of his
debut album, Poor People Music.
Born and raised in Mississuaga,
Ont., Travers — who goes by
joBlow in the rap game — started
performing as a child. His pursuit
of a career in hip-hop led him to
the more musical hub of Toronto,
where he lived for three years
before moving to Vancouver last
Back east, Travers said he ran
into some bad drug issues, which
made it impossible for him to do
his work. He took a chance on
Won't stop rockin' 'til he clocked in a gazzillion grand.
starting fresh in Vancouver, and
his months of homelessness attest
to the stakes of such a gamble.
Making it as a professional
musician anywhere in the world
is already challenging, perhaps
beyond measure. Trying to do it
the city of Vancouver as a rapper
is insane. Hip-hop culture exists
here, but not as strongly as in a city
like Toronto.
According to Travers, big names
visiting Vancouver on tour have
no problem attracting massive
crowds, but the underground
scene suffers because of how
difficult is to book shows and to
do the promotion necessary to
attract audiences.
One has to wonder, then, why
Travers took the risk of trying to
make a life in the Vancouver hip-
hop world. For him, the answer is
Travers recalled a conversation
he had with his best friend's father. "He was telling me how hard it
is going to be for our generation to
live the kind of comfortable lives
of past generations," Travers said.
"I agreed with him and said, well,
fuck it — if I'm going to be strug
gling anyway, [I] might as well
struggle doing the thing I love.
"I've been at it long enough now
that if I turn back, it would all be for
nothing. I have to see this through."
While Travers may not be
selling out Rogers Arena anytime
soon, he's starting to see steady
growth in his fan base. Though
the growth has been gradual, the
only the thing that's set in motion
has been the rapper's constant
networking and self-promotion.
Every free moment, Travers
said, he's at the library shooting off
emails to professionals in the music
industry or updating his various
social media pages, reaching out to
fans over Twitter and Facebook.
Live performances are crucial because of all the people
who congregate there, providing
underground artists with business
Making such friends in the
field has led to some impressive
bookings for joBlow, despite his
underground stature. He opened
for Killah Priest ofthe seminal hip-
hop group Wu-Tang Clan, as well
as for Bizarre, a former member of
Eminem's hip-hop group D12.
He has also made several public
appearances at political events, including at Occupy Vancouver and
the 420 rallies at the Vancouver
Art Gallery in 2011 and 2013.
Now that Travers' album has
finally surfaced, he hopes more
opportunities will arise as the
album increases his exposure.
Travers tracked down some
notable Canadian artists to
collaborate with on the album,
including Grammy-nominated
singer Jonathan Emile and rapper
Speeches Beyond.
One can learn a lot about Travers on the 11 tracks of Poor People
Music. It captures the classic rap
theme ofthe everyday struggle, while delving into Traver's
personal life. His life of hardship
and living on the street for months
taught him a lot about life and
people, his music seems to suggest.
But it's not all sad subject matter. At times, Poor People Music
can sound like a love song.
"My music is my girlfriend at the
moment, and I am most definitely
in love with her. I give her my time,
my eyes and ears, show her off to
my friends, think about leaving her
when things get rough," Travers
said. But he's not complaining.
"If I could only find a way to have
sex with music, I would be set."
Poor People Music has opened
doors for Travers going forward.
He now has a roof over his head
and a full album to distribute to
the hip-hop community.
Travers' next target is campus
radio stations around the country,
including UBC's CiTR 101.9 FM. In
the meantime, Travers is happily navigating Vancouver's often
treacherous underground hip-hop
scene and delighting in his growing audience — not that he wants
anyone to know.
"Getting fans is like picking up
chicks," Travers said. "Can't let
them know how excited you are
that they are talking to you." XI
What does it take
to save a generation?
Join us to hear about the challenges and successes of maternal,
newborn, and child health in the developing world.
Dr Adity Iyer
Research Coordinator with
the Centre for Public Policy,
Indian Institute of Management,
Dr Rudoba Rakhmatova
Senior Health Programme Officer
with Aga Khan Foundation,
Monday, October 21
2:00 p.m. to 4:00 p.m.
University of British Columbia
Multipurpose Room,
Lu Institute for Global Issues
6476 North West, Marine Drive,
Lunch will be provided
Don't miss it: register at
International Development Research Centre
Centre de recherches pour le developpernent international
Organized by Aga Khan Foundation
Canada (AKFC) and Canada's
International Development Research
Centre (IDRC), in collaboration
with the University of British Columbia.
This is your brain on music
Spencer Toffoli
When we listen to music, it interacts with our brains in much the
same way as other sounds.
The sound waves hit our
inner ear, bouncing around our
tympanic membranes, causing
vibrations in the small bones
ofthe cochlear system. These
physical vibrations are converted into neurological signals,
making neurons fire, and sending
information about the sound into
the auditory cortex in the brain.
From there, it goes on to secondary auditory cortices, and more
complicated processes come
into play. To make sense of these
sounds, our brains try to identify
them using various regions, such
as language centres, memory
processes and more.
Yet anyone who enjoys listening to their iPod, going to a
concert, or rocking out to their
favourite tunes knows that this
is different from listening to cars
passing on the highway. This
difference has been observed in a
variety of scientific studies, and
is part of what makes music a
special part of our brains.
Ging-Yuek Hsiung, assistant professor in the neurology
division ofthe department of
medicine at UBC, explains that
researchers have long observed
physiological responses to music.
Lowered heart rate, better sleep
and lower Cortisol levels — a sig-
nifier of reduced stress — are all
responses to listening to music.
But this is only part of what
makes the subjective experience
of music unique.
Being involved in music
creation, for example, has a
profound impact on your brain.
Peter Gouzouasis, an associate
professor of music education in
the department of curriculum
and pedagogy at UBC, described
how brain scans done by neurologists show visible differences between children who study music
between the ages of five and seven and those who do not. There
is clear evidence that the study
of music changes the structure
ofthe brain, although current
research cannot definitively say
to what effect.
It's almost like the
brain is getting up
and moving, and
exploring what
would be involved
in creating that
Bradley Vines
Experimental psychologist
Even listening to music activates somewhat surprising parts
ofthe brain. Bradley Vines, who
holds a PhD in experimental
psychology, said music actually
activates the motor cortex in the
brain through mirror neuron systems. Mirror neuron systems are
pathways in the brain that activate when we see someone else
perform an act, effectively mimicking their action in the brain.
For example, if you were to watch
someone pick up a plate, the brain
systems that would be involved in
that action will activate while you
were watching them.
There's a scientific reason why music makes people want to dance.
"When you hear a beat, the
part of your brain that would be
involved in generating that beat
activates," said Vines. "When
we are hearing [that beat], it's
almost like the brain is getting up
and moving, and exploring what
would be involved in creating
that sound."
This also helps to explain to
why people so often feel the urge
to dance when listening to music.
"It's like accepting that
compulsion to move, and not
only that, but going with it and
completing that cycle. Instead of
just modelling it in your mind ,
you are actually ... bringing that
to life through your body."
So what are the ramifications ofthe unique effect that
music has onus physiologically
and psychologically? Current
research shows that music has
surprising — and useful — applications, both medically
and academically.
Can music make you smarter?
While just listening to music
may not, some studies suggest
that musical training can boost
academic achievement. Gouzouasis has done research that
suggests studying music could
actually give students a leg up in
their academics.
A longitudinal study he did
several years ago on students in
Grades 11 and 12 emphasized the
relationship between musical
success and what is typically
thought of as academic achievement — high grades in math,
English and biology. Students
who participated in classes like
band, guitar and choir — and who
did well in those subjects — also
did better academically.
"What we found was a consistent pattern of results across
all three years: that music
achievement predicts academic
achievement across all three
subjects," Gouzouasis said.
But the professor cautioned
against seeing the value of musical training as only instrumental
to academic success, emphasizing
that he believes music learning
can give much more to students
in terms of personal enjoyment
and experiences than just being
an aid to academic success.
"It's important that we think
of music as a lifelong endeavour,
and that music learning is not a
product, but a process."
Not surprisingly, listening to music
can elicit powerful emotional
reactions. Vines has done research
on the potent ability music has to
elicit emotion from audiences. To
change a soundtrack in a movie,
for example, has a profound effect
on the viewing experience. This
emotional connection is part of
why researchers think music has a
unique connection to memory.
Both Vines and Hsiung agree
that memories are stronger when
associated with strong emotions.
Hsiung is in the midst of a study
on the effects of music therapy
for dementia and Alzheimer's.
During f MRI scans of patients
with Alzheimer's, Hsiung found
that the brain lights up in a much
more diverse fashion when the
patient is engaging with music
opposed to when they are simply
engaging with language. It is
because of this that they believed
that music could help patients
with brain degeneration to recover memories.
"A memory of music is represented in the brain in a much
more diverse way than a particular memory," said Hsiung.
They theorize this is because a
regular memory is usually stored
in a particular area ofthe brain,
causing that area to "light up"
during the fMRI scans. Memories connected to music, however, are probably stored more
diffusely in different brain areas.
According to Hsiung, this means
it would take a lot more brain degeneration or damage to lose these
It's important
that we think of
music as a lifelong
endeavour, and that
music learning is
not a product, but a
Peter Gouzouasis
UBC associate professor
types of memories entirely.
In this way, musical therapy can
help to activate different pathways
in the brain, potentially allowing
patients to access damaged or
degenerated areas ofthe brain. Although Hsiung's research is still in
the early stages, they had promising results on a preliminary study.
Although the group was too small
to be statistically relevant, they
were finding a number of positive
effects from the music therapy,
including positive trends in
improved memory, lowered levels
of stress hormones and improved
caregiver reports for neuropsychi-
atric symptoms such as irritability
and depression.
Studies on music therapy for
stroke victims, which Vines participated in, also showed the power
of music in recovering memories
and abilities — such as the ability to
speak — especially in patients for
whom other treatments had been
unsuccessful. This was also due to
the way that music helps to use the
brain's resources in a more diverse
way, creating pathways into damaged areas, and engaging undamaged areas in new ways.
One important factor in both
treatments was that they did not
involve merely listening to music,
but also music participation — and
to some level, music creation.
Hsiung's patients work one-on-
one with music therapists who
encourage them to participate in
the music, whether it be by singing
along or tapping a beat, and to
respond to the music afterwards,
thinking about how it made them
feel or what it made them think of.
The stroke victims Vines worked
with used melodic intonation
therapy, which involves, not
surprisingly, sound intonation in
rhythmic patterns.
So the next time you listen to
your headphones, play an instrument or sing along to the radio,
take a moment to think about
all the different ways that music
is affecting your brain. You are
experiencing emotions, storing
memories in a unique way and
potentially even helping yourself
to get better grades. XI 12    I    MUSIC    I    THURSDAY, OCTOBER 17,2013
History Of the Pit    Words by Iman Ghosh     Graphic by Nena Nguyen
What this campus
needs is a pub!"
Little did the esteemed David Suzuki know quite what he would spark when he made this
declaration in October of 1968. In the wake of the Pit Pub's supposed waning popularity, we
take a look at the events leading up to the formation of UBC's very own liquor establishment.
EARLY 1968
Students had already begun to show
interest in a campus bar, such as
when student activist Stan Persky
mentioned that having one "would be
a good thing purely on the grounds that
it's a good place for people to meet
each other" in March.
OCT. 1968
Suzuki, then an associate professor of zoology at UBC,
believed that an on-campus bar would encourage
dialogue and communication between the various
communities at the university. His argument in a UBC
Reports article gained "the whole executive's blessings,"
and sparked a campaign in favour of starting a student-run
drinking establishment.
An unofficial (non-AMS affiliated)
"pub-in" was held to celebrate the
opening ofthe new SUB, and
attracted over 400 people. It was
technically still illegal under B.C.
laws to have so many people
gathering with alcohol out in the
A beer garden, named "the Pit," finally started on Thursday Nov. 21 — but was only accessible to students and
faculty of ages 21 and up. It worked inconveniently on
a liguor license that reguired daily 24-hour renewal.
Students also needed three pieces of ID to obtain
exclusive membership cards; interestingly, females
only made up 15 per cent of those members.
The Pit Pub underwent a major renovation to upgrade the concert experience for its student patrons — including
a new sound and lighting system, bar
and dance floor, along with wheel chair
SEPT. 1968 ^ NOV. 1968
■    for many famous musical acts, including
East Coast singer-songwriter Tim Chaisson
as well as internationally acclaimed electro-
house artists Steve Aoki and Skrillex, to create
one of the most vibrant scenes offered at the
university to students, by students.
1968 -1973 | "Thg pjt puiQ was run out 0f the SUB Ballroom on the second floor throughout
these five years and only officially secured its present location in the SUB's basement
these five years and only officially secured its present location in the SUB's basement
during its expansion in 1969. The management also opened up access to more than membership card holders to everyone on campus that same year, and it started operating three
times a week in place of the initial one. In the daytime, the Pit served as a coffee house.
le words ofthe man who started it all, none
er than Suzuki himself- "[the Pit]'s a place
, iere you have fun but also exchange ideas."
/ears of history leading up to those infamous party-hare
?dnesday Pit Nights? We'll (legally) drink to that.
Gage Averill Q+A: where rhythm meets race
Miriam Baldeh
College dropout and proud father
Gage Averill — when he's not busy as
dean ofthe Arts faculty at UBC — is
a world-renowned ethnomusicolo-
gist. To find out exactly what that
means, and how music comes into
play in race relations, The Ubyssey
sat down for a conversation with
Averill last week.
The Ubyssey: First off, what
exactly is an ethnomusicologist?
Gage Averill: The easiest
description is an anthropologist of
music. Ethnomusicologists have
anthropological training, but many
come out of musicology. Ethnomusicologists have an understanding ofthe music structure and music
sound, so it's someone who bridges
U: And your forte is Haitian
GA: Yes, my initial research was
in Haiti, and I still work in and out
of Haiti. I've also worked in North
America on kora music, or barbershop music — African-American
music that became nostalgic sounds.
U: So what got you started
in ethnomusicology?
GA: I was a college dropout
playing music and doing community organizing, and I was playing
Irish music in an Irish band. I was
running festivals, doing world music
radio programmes, and I was a
tractor driver for a while until I hurt
my back. At that point, I decided to
try to go back to school and there
was this category, ethnomusicology,
as an undergraduate general studies
major. It was as though all the
things I was interested in, you could
just roll them up and label it — so it
piqued my interest.
U: And in addition to studying
music, you play a lot of cool instruments, like the Trinidadian steel
pan. What exactly is that?
GA: [Laughing] You take a
55-gallon oil drum — imagine that
— and cut off a little bit ofthe rim,
and you pound down the surface
so it's concave. Then you pound up
and down so that it forms notes, and
you tune it, and then make whole
orchestras of up to 150 people. It's
the world's most sophisticated 20th
century orchestra. It's the first major orchestral instrument developed
in the 20th century in Trinidad
during and after World War II.
U: So what role has music played
in race relations?
GA: Oh, it's huge. I mean, you
could go in so many directions. You
were just asking about steel pan,
so imagine that this music — what
came out of Carnival, which was a
gathering of very poor, very black
neighbourhoods in Trinidad under
British colonialism as they moved
into post-colonial era — this was the
kind of music that middle-class parents didn't want their kids to play.
It was racially associated as well as
class associated. And so it was music
of assertion. You'd play it loud to piss
off all the people in the area. Gradually, it became a national thing, but
really it was a poor, black musical
symbol for quite a longtime.
U: Interesting.
GA: Everywhere where you have
a group that is racially marked and
made marginal, music and other
cultural expressions take on a really
symbolic role. The music tends to
mark the group: this is our thing,
this is what we play. And then they
tend to create moral panic elsewhere, especially among the racially
dominant groups.
I grew up in the states during
the civil rights era, and the really
important songs from that era were
songs that gave people courage.
They created a sense of possibility
that barriers could be overcome. It
was like a soundtrack to a movement. Very often, you find that when
there are those kinds of claims being
made and groups are in social and
political motion, music becomes a
soundtrack to that, and reinforces
those claims of political power and
social and economic equality being
made. This usually comes into play
in situations where there is an obvious racial divide.
U: Does music only underline
racial inequality, or can it be an aid
to racial healing as well?
GA: It often assumes positive
valences too, because it's associated
with edginess. For instance, blacks
in the '20s and '30s were considered
a creative people in the United
States, doing new things that nobody had ever heard of: new dances,
new songs, new instruments. Then,
it becomes an object of envy, typically by the racially dominant group.
U: So what role does music play in
bridging cultural divides?
GA: There's a lot of cross-fertilization. You have whites who are
singing blues, playing jazz [and]
doing hip-hop in a period when all
these things are otherwise associated with a "black address." That's
what's fascinating: seeing people
look across what is supposed to be
a divide.
U: And these are things you've
observed outside of Haiti and the
United States?
GA: Pick anywhere in the world:
say, Australia and relationships
between white Euro-Australians
and Aboriginals. There are a whole
bunch of white bands in Australia
who use Aboriginal sounds.
You could go to China and talk
about how there's a Han Chinese
dominant majority ethnic group,
who historically looked down
upon Uyghurs and other people
from around China, and how those
sounds are played out and who listens to what and what's valued and
what bands are supported.
Go anywhere and you'll find
groups that are marked racially or
ethnoculturally, and look for the
ways in which they make music and
value music and listen to or perform
each other's music, and you'll find
some of these same dynamics.
U: In your book, A Day for the
Hunter, a Day for the Prey, you
write that popular music is where
power is "enacted, acknowledged,
accommodated, signified, contested
and resisted." Can you explain how
the struggle for power is expressed
in music?
GA: We started off talking about
Trinidad. Almost half ofthe country
is Indo-Trinidadian, meaning that
they come from India and are typically rural, and the Creole classes
looked down on them. They are
almost half the country, yet they feel
completely shut out. So the Creoles
— a black-white mixed leading class
in Trinidad — embraces steel pan
and calypso as national symbols and
says, "This is our instrument, calypso is our music and we're going support Carnival" — half the country is
saying, "Well, what about us? what
about our music?" They demand
similar priority for their music and
festivals. So that's one way: people
will say they want a symbolic space
in the nation-state.
Look at the arts councils in Canada that give away money for music.
Up until 15 or 20 years ago, they
were giving it to opera and symphony: 99 per cent white, 100 per
cent Euro-Canadian, with no money
going to the First Nations people or
to recent immigrants.
I was asked at one point to be an
expert in a genocide trial in Rwanda, because a Hutu musician had
produced all these songs disparaging the Tutsi ruling class that could
be interpreted as having a hatred
of Tutsis built into them. When the
conflict came where they turned
against each other and millions
were killed, those songs were used
as triggers on the radio for slaughter. So that's the worst case, where
music can be turned around and
used as a tool of ethnic hatred, a tool
to oppress people. XI
This interview has been edited for
length and clarity.
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// Sports + Rec
UBC's Right to Play chapter looks to get kids active
Group spreads international organization's global message by focusing on local events
Rob Ragotte
UBC students who do not spend 16
days every two years binge-watching the Olympics may have never
heard of Right to Play. For those
who have heard ofthe organization,
it likely conjures up images of Clara
Hughes' beaming smile, or perhaps
prolific Canadian kayaker Adam
van Koeverden — two ofthe most
well-known Canadian Right to
Play ambassadors.
Unfortunately, this can all seem
somewhat distant from UBC. Laura
Kean and Derek Flint hope to
change that.
"I want to provide the same
positive sport experience I had to
youth around the world," said Kean,
who feels that sport has shaped who
she is today.
This year, Kean and Flint are
serving as co-presidents ofthe UBC
chapter of Right to Play, where they
have both been involved with the organization for two years. Although
they may still be relative newcomers
to Right to Play, the UBC chapter
ofthe organization was started in
2005 and is the oldest Right to Play
club in the country.
Right to Play states that its goal
is to "create a healthy and safe
world through the power of sport
and play." It recognizes that play
is an integral part of childhood
development and can be used as a
tool for education. The organization works in over twenty countries
worldwide, including Canada,
where they work with nearly fifty
First Nations communities. Globally, Right to Play reaches over one
million children with its weekly
play programs.
Both Kean and Flint state that
one ofthe reasons Right to Play
appealed to them was because they
recognize the immense impact sport
had on their own personal develop-
Derek Flint and Laura Kean are the energetic leaders of UBC's Right to Play chapter, which runs after-school play programs locally and raises funds for the global organization.
ment. As well, both believe in the
sustainable model ofthe organization. Flint said he likes how Right
to Play does not take the one-size-
fits-all approach in dealing with
communities around the world.
"Right to Play actually hires
local people to run its programs
and works with local communities
to create programs that address the
specific needs of each community,"
said Flint.
Kean said a common misconception about the organization is that
they provide sports equipment to
youth in developing countries. In
fact, its programs are designed specifically to educate youth and promote social and physical development. Flint cited "mosquito tag" as
just one example of how Right to
Play uses sport to educate children
about the dangers of malaria and the
importance of mosquito nets. Another example is how Right to Play
uses sport to empower women and
educate youth about reproductive
health and HIV/AIDS.
For Kean and Flint, their goals
for UBC Right to Play are two
fold. First, they want to spread
the organization's message of
development through sport but
with a more local focus. This is
done through the After School
Play Program that works directly
with a few Vancouver elementary
schools to get students involved
in sport. Second, they aim to raise
money for the global Right to Play
organization through their events
during the school year. Fellow
club member Ella MacDonald is
currently cycling 4,000 kilometres
from Vancouver to Central Amer
ica with her sister to raise money
for the organization.
This year is a big year for Right
to Play UBC. The iconic red Right
to Play soccer ball will be travelling
across the country going to each of
the 25 universities that have a Right
to Play chapter in a nation-wide
event known as the Canadian Call
for the Red Ball. The journey has
already begun on the East Coast,
with the ball set to reach Vancouver
sometime in March. The journey
will end at UBC, which Kean said
"will be an event to remember." XI
1. Favourite study place?
The basement of Population and Public Health.
It has no windows to the
outside to tempt you.
The Forestry Building
because it is where all my
classes are located and
it's close to the varsity
gym and fields.
The Harry Potter room in
1KB. It's just a beautiful
room with the big wooden
tables and chairs.
My bedroom, because
it's close to my kitchen —
AKA my endless supply of
I like to study in Allard
Hall because eventually I
want to go to law school
and it's nice to be in that
2. Favourite UBC course?
306, "MolecularVirology.*
Pretty sweet course.
ISCI [Integrated Science]
361, a month-long field
course in Iceland studying
KIN 190 so far, probably,
love anatomy. Although
I've liked a lot [of courses]. I'm a nerd.
KIN biomechanics courses. I can actually stay
mentally engaged forthe
full lecture in those ones.
Right now, I'm taking
biomedical ethics, which
3. Last bookyou read?
Do textbooks count? If
The Class Castle by Jean-
Otherthan textbooks it
The last book 1 read was
so, it was the Princeton
nette Walls.
was The HungerGames
Who Climbed Out the
called, uhh [pause]. 1 just
Review MCAT Physics
over a yea rand a half ago.
Window and Disap
read it last week. It's really
Prep.lf not, itwasT/ie
1 don't read [laughs].
peared. Long title, super
funny and it's written very
Omnivore's Dilemma by
funny book.
well./, Lucifer.
Michael Pollan.
4. Dream job?
When I was six, my
dream job was a "taste
tester"...for dessert
companies before they
sell it.
I'm not sure exactly, but the
ideal components would
be environmental work,
outdoors, travelling and
avoiding a deskjob.
[It] was a doctor. Now I'm
thinking more nurse or
Working in thesuper
secret Nike research lab
doing biomechanical stuff.
and become a lawyer,
think I would be interested
in doing medical malpractice type stuff.
5. Finish this sentence: I can't function without...
...a cup of black coffee in
the morning. Without it,
the day is a lost cause.
...the support of my family
and friends.
... my endless supply of
snacks. Things get ugly
when I get hungry [laughs].
.coffee. II Opinions
95 years later, people are still confused about how to pronounce our name.
When the 1960s came to UBC — and The Ubyssey
In the basement of Brock Hall,
where the Ubyssey offices were
in 1965-66, we vaguely knew
about the free speech fights at
the University of California in
Berkley the year before, and how
our student counterparts in the
U.S. were the sparkplugs and even
martyrs in the struggles against
segregation, and led the opposition to the military draft and to
U.S. involvement in some war in
southeast Asia.
But all that seemed very distant
from our lives.
The newspaper staff was,
however, aware of what a small
percentage of Canadians received
a post-secondary education. Since
the Association of Universities
and Colleges of Canada was
holding its annual conference
in Vancouver in the fall of 1965,
the newspaper argued for, and
pushed the AMS into, endorsing and eventually organizing
a march to advocate universal
accessibility to higher education. Thousands of UBC students
paraded down Georgia Street to
the Bayshore Hotel where the
university administrators were
meeting, to hammer home the
point that university should be
available to all who academically
qualified, regardless of economic
status. The motto on buttons and
banners was "We're Concerned."
Only a few rowdies, ahead of
their time, sported the slogan:
"We're Pissed Off."
For the balance ofthe year,
The Ubyssey rode then-president
J.B. Macdonald on a variety of
issues, including his inaccessibility to students and the quality
of student residences — notably
the World War Il-vintage Fort
Camp and Acadia Camp. We were
aided by a hard-hitting editorial
U BC students at a Jefferson Airplane
concert in 1966.
page cartoonist, a young fellow
by the name of Jeff Wall, who
later became a world-famous art
Among the president's chief
backers on the Board of Govern
ors was the publisher of The Vancouver Sun. The downtown paper
in those days used the student
paper as a farm team, sending a
Sun news desk editor each week
to critique The Ubyssey's news
stories and features — a must-attend event if you wanted a summer job at the Sun, which most of
us did — let alone if you wanted
a permanent position when you
graduated or dropped out.
Just before The Ubyssey won, as
usual, the trophy for the best Canadian University Press newspaper
for the year, the Sun published an
editorial saying The Ubyssey had
never been worse.
But more was afoot. I remember somebody one noon hour
coming down to the Ubyssey
offices and announcing, "You've
got to come upstairs. Something
is going on." A band was playing
a noon-hour dance in Brock Hall
— not an unusual event, although
this band was from someplace
The Sun published an
editorial saying The
Ubyssey had never oeen
called San Francisco. The band,
dressed in second-hand-type
clothes, had such huge amplifiers, the like of which we'd never
seen, that Brock Hall's hardwood
floor positively rippled to the
music's driving bass. The band
called itself "Jefferson Airplane,"
whatever that meant, and people
liked them enough that they
were speedily contracted to play
a second dance on campus a few
days later.
The Sixties were about to arrive in Vancouver, although none
of us knew at the time what that
would mean for our lives. XI
Tom Wayman was a Ubyssey
editor during 1965-66.
Can we have a sleepover? An open letter to Stephen Toope
Dear President Toope,
A few months ago, a group of
students came together and decided
that what this fine university
needed most was a sense of humour.
Since then, The Syrup Trap, UBC's
campus humour magazine, has
resolved not only to provision UBC
students with good humour and wit
as they navigate academia, but also
to awaken within the student body
an appreciation for campus tradition
and history.
It is in this spirit that we come to
you with the following request: we
would like to hold our staff retreat
— slated for the middle of November
— on the lawn behind your house.
The purpose of this outing would
be twofold: one, to inspire within
the staff, and within students in
general, a closer attachment to UBC;
and two, to show the world what we
know to be true, which is that you
are a really great guy.
This would not be your everyday
sleepover. It would be a journey
through UBC history and lore,
a paean to campus culture, an
exultation ofthe Point Grey spirit,
a slumber party the likes of which
this campus has never seen. Here
is how we imagine the evening
would unfold.
First, we would pitch our tents on
the spacious lawn behind Norman
Mackenzie House. We would then
make our way to a campus sporting
event, bedecked in UBC apparel and varsity colours. After the
game, we would return to Norman
Mackenzie, where we would eat a
meal consisting entirely of things
grown at UBC Farm. Dinner would
be followed by a screening of The
Graduates, a documentary about the
history ofthe University of British
Columbia. The evening would be
capped off by a nighttime stroll
through campus, and the singing of
UBC songs.
We understand that allowing
a dozen students to set up camp
in one's own backyard is no small
thing, but we also hope you see that
our intentions are noble. Our only
hope is that this celebration of UBC
culture will convince other students
to begin thinking of their alma mater with the same affection we do.
Yours sincerely,
Editors in Chief, The Syrup Trap
PS.: We promise not to use Twitter
at anytime during our stay.
Editor's note: The Syrup Trap's editorial board includes current Ubyssey
copy editor Matt Meuse and a number of former Ubyssey staff.
■ 24
■ 44
■ 45
■ 43
■ so
1- Inner layerof a quilt
5- lift?
10-Dynamic beginning
14- Black-and-white cookie
16- One of a matching pair
17-Close with force
18-China's Zhou	
19-Head of France
20- Perfumed toilet water
22- Pert, to a union of states
24-Roulette bet
25- Pot used to contain the ashes of
a dead person
29-Isr. neighbour
32- Revere
37-Italian sausage
39-Far out!
40-In spite of
43-JFK posting
48- Comparative suffix
50-Paris'Pont Arts
52- "You've got mail" co.
53- Referees
62-Wild Asian dog
64- The Time Machine people
65-Send forth
66-Eagle's home
69-Pertaining to birth
1-Anjou alternative
2-He sang about Alice
4- The day following today
5-Very much
6- Mozart's kleine Nachtmusik
7-Building annex
9- Old French expression meaning
10-Be present
11-Water pitcher
12-Comic Rudner
13-Like Nash's lama
23- Draw off liquid gradually
26-Less loony
29- Christine of Chicago Hope
30- Borden's spokescow
33-Rigel's constellation
37-RR stop
38-Adult male
41-Type of sanctum
42-Whimsical humor
47-Foolish persons
49- Beverage made with
beaten eggs
51-Family car
52-Slippery as	
53-Western Indians
54-NYC cultural center
56-Queens stadium
58-Gen. Robert	
59- Horse of mixed color
60-Drinks slowly
63- Leftover
Oct. 15 answers
A | L
G BT'l
O 1
T lu
G 1
R l>
s H'i
11 1
s| \S
Dinosaur Maze
The red arrow is the
green arrow's long-lost
father. Help him catch
the red arrow so they
can be reunited.
October 20-26,20/3
a place of mind
The 6th annual UBC Celebrate
Learning Week is a week-long
showcase to celebrate teaching
and learning opportunities
available to our students, faculty
and staff at UBC Vancouver.
Join us as we honour and
promote learning and
development opportunities
through open lectures,
information sessions,
student advising activities,
poster sessions, workshops
and more.
& @CelebrateLearn   #CLW2013 16 I UBYSSEY I THURSDAY, OCTOBER 17,2013
95 and still getting picked up
The Ubyssey: clicking around, being outrageous
and marching boldly beyond convention* since 1918
*based on a quote by Michael Valpy, Ubyssey alumnus and former editor for The Globe and Mail
lowed Weekly by Ihe Publi
           THE SKEENA
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Editor elected
CUP   president
ss    «JB   '*?&•"   .-•
Viet Nam protest to be allowed
: Fort Camp protests playing field loss
the  ■# _	
'Necessary force'
Students accuse
police of brutality 1
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Ub&bT*I      ^H
University questions RCMP
Three recipes with only three ingredients each pe
I     ___      AGAINST CAL
Former Ubyssey editors get nostalgic
I had four wonderful
years at The Ubyssey,
spending thousands
of hours in a poorly lit
basement with people
who loved journalism,
booze and each other's
company and hated
anything resembling
work-life balance.
Justin McElroy
Former Ubyssey editor
I rose to the top of The
Ubyssey with atrocious
writing. Ironically I
wrote more for the
humour issues than for
any "real" news. My grand
total stories written: one!
Instead, I had a great
staff to get copy out while
I made sure everything
ran smoothly.
Kellan Higgins
Former Ubyssey editor
Damn you, Ubyssey,
breaker of hearts, ruiner
of livers, wrecker of
academic careers. Damn
you for making it all look
like fun when the most
fun to be had was with
you, and all to follow
pales in comparison.
Damn you.
Tom Hawthorn
Former Ubyssey editor
Death by
An abridged timeline
of The Ubyssey
The University of British Columbia opens.
The Ubyssey prints its first
issue on Oct. 17.
In an attempt to die of exhaustion, The Ubyssey decides to
publish fourtimes a week, from
Tuesday to Friday. The experiment ends after only one year,
butthe paper publishes three
times a week into the 1980s.
Lampooning the celebration
of Easter, a photo is published
with a UBC student crucified on
a totem pole. The entire staff is
fired by the AMS.
Following a dispute over
editorial control, The Ubyssey
is barred by the AMS from
publishing during thesummer.
When we use our fax machine
to tell national publications
about our possible demise, the
AMS promptly takes it away.
The Ubyssey goes online. Since
westarted tracking ourweb
statistics in 2007, we've had
over3.2 million unique page
views on http://ubyssey.ca.
The Ubyssey leaves the Canadian University Press, of which
it was a founding member, and
creates the National University
Wire with other major Canadian
student newspapers.


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