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The Ubyssey Mar 27, 1986

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Array ijD>-<
THE UBYSSEY
Vol. LXVIII, No. 48
Vancouver, B.C. Thursday. March 21.1986
,^5.!
228-2301
Native students
By Mary McAlister
confront education system
An older woman lies curled up
asleep on a couch in the Native Indian Student Union lounge. Maybe
she's waiting for her daughter to
finish a class or maybe she's on a
break from cleaning the building.
But she looks so comfortable, like
she belongs here . . .
A young woman comes in to
wake her, but she's not her
daughter — she's a fellow student
ready to go to class with her. Fidelia
Haiyupis is a 48-year-old mother of
six, a grandmother twice over, and
a UBC graduate student.
Haiyupis is one of 1,350 native
students in B.C. this year who are
attending post secondary educational institutions, which is more
than double the number who attended in 1980-81, and almost four
times the number in 1972-73.
Traditional attitudes are rapidly
changing and recognizing the importance of formal education.
"A lot of the students who
graduated a few years ago are now
encouraging younger students to attend post-secondary schools, and
especially universities," says Ron
Penner, the Education Director of
the Department of Indian Affairs.
Post-secondary attendance is
growing because bands are becoming more involved in Indian education issues, Penner says.
All   status    Indians,    those
registered under the 1869 Indian
Act, in Canada are eligible for a
federal grant to attend a post secondary institution. The money covers
tuition, books, supplies, and takes
the student's housing, and number
of dependents into consideration.
Since April 1985, native women
who marry non-native men keep
their status, and non-native women
who marry native men do not gain
status. Non-status Indians do not
have access to the grant.
Until the late 1960's regulations
covering tuition costs were controlled by the DIA, but now Band
Councils have taken control over
them. Penner says this is another
reason for increasing native interest
in education.
But there is still a dark side to the
native education picture. Haiyupis
says her 17-year-old grand-daughter
is taking "nothing courses" in high
school which aren't leading
anywhere due to a lack of proper
counselling.
"Nobody told her what she needs
to take to pursue what she wants. If
that's happening to her, I can imagine it's happening to lots of our
kids."
The statistics certainly prove this
to be true. In 1983, 19 per cent of
native students on reserves who had
enrolled in grade one completed
high   school.    Although   these
Oh I tried and I tried.
I tried to sit and write.
Who had influence on my education?
My father!
My father had a lot of influence on my education.
He does not know that he did,
but he did.
He valued education although he had none.
I wasn't sure.
Education is the key to the outside world,
he would say. i wasn't sure.
But subconsciously I took his advice.
Here I am.
He wants me to be educated,
To be independent, knowledgeable, and strong.
He wants me to have what he could not have,
Education. I wasn't sure, but
Here 1 am. I'm sure now.
Ilia Quilt
4th Year
numbers are up considerably from
7.5 per cent in 1977, it compares
bleakly with the national average of
70 per cent.
There are many deep rooted
reasons for this discrepancy.
"When my parents went to school
they were rounded up in a truck in
September and taken from Chase to
Kamloops Indian Residential
Catholic school. They were not
returned to their families until
June," says Peter Michel, a student
in the Native Indian Teacher
Education Program (NITEP).
Michel says the schooling his
parents went through gave the few
who graduated the skills necessary
to find work.
"But the majority of the children
were taken away from home for so
long that their interest in education
dropped. They felt separated from
their families."
In traditional native culture,
knowledge about the land, an
economic necessity then, was passed on through the generations.
"We hunted and fished and we
survived. We were self-sufficient,
but through the government intervening in our reserve's affairs,
they broke down our traditional
systems," says Michel.
Haiyupis remembers how the
government intervened in band affairs. She served for three two-year
terms on the Ceyton Lake Band
Council. "The DIA agent came in
and ran the meetings. They told us:
'This is what you people need.' "
As band councils slowly gain
more control over their own affairs,
there is an increasing need for
educated native people who can articulate their people's concerns.
Haiyupis recognized this need
years ago when she tried to take a
secretarial course by correspondence.
"I was trying to prepare myself
for the work that was going to be
thrown in my lap with the band affairs. I could see there was a need
for someone to write those letters."
It took 20 years before she could
pursue her goals.
"I wanted to go to school years
ago, even when my kids were going
to school, but I had a domineering
husband," she says.
When people like Haiyupis and
Michel do decide to attend a post-
secondary school, there are even
more hurdles to get over.
"It was tough coming into the city," says Haiyupis. "Some people
end up liking it Jsut I don't." She
stuck with it, thanks to a lot of
emotional support from her family,
which many native students do not
receive.
When she started at the North
Peter Michel
/     I
Fidelia Haiyupis
Vancouver NITEP centre, there
were 18 students in her class.
"The single younger ones were
finding it tough. They just didn't
have their families support," she
says. Many of them ended up just
quitting.
Haiyuspis also had a financial
reason to continue her education.
"I couldn't go out to work as a
welfare aid and support my six kids
and me on $700 a month," she says.
Native students also face cultural
insensitivity in course assignments.
Some NITEP students at the Prince
George Centre were asked to write a
descriptive essay about what would
happen if a nuclear bomb exploded
in their village.
But many nations believe that if
they describe terrible events in the
future, these events will come true.
A lack of native perspective was
also lacking in many band schools.
Michel remembers what it was like.
"When I went to school there
were books about Indians written
by European anthropologists. We
would learn about Prairie Indians
and 'Eskimos' — as they wouio ^~.:i
Inuit people — but nothing of our
own local people."
"I'd like to develop a school curriculum that provides Shuswap and
English — a bi-cultural program
where students can learn both
languages," he says.
Native education is changing. Today's post-secondary students are
starting a cycle of change which will
snowball because of the positive
role models they are providing for
young native people. Peter Michel
will be one of those role models. He
will graduate this year from NITEP
at UBC and would like to teach on
the Adam's Lake reserve where he
was born.
He says that his nine brothers and
sisters have succeeded in their
educational pursuits because their
parents provided encouragement
and advice.
Fidelia Haiyupis will finish her
Masters in Education Administration next year. She wants to work
with her people as a school
counsellor.
^.SOIS, Page 2
THE    UBYSSEY
Thursday, March 27, 1986
PEI pans Litton
CHARLOTTETOWN (CUP)—
A loose coalition of Prince Edward
Island farmers, peace activists,
women's groups and academics is
resisting a bid by Litton Industries,
which has an operating budget
many times greater than the provincial government, to build an armaments plant here.
The coalition, dubbed the Island
Way, was formed in January after
Premier Jim Lee invited Litton to
build an air defence anti-tank
systems plant if it won a federal
contract. Other companies competing for the contract say they will
build in other areas. A decision is
expected in April.
The Island Way is hoping to convince Litton by then that their
presence isn't wanted. According to
Roy Johnstone, co-ordinator of the
Island Peace Committee, which is
part of the coalition, opponents are
fighting Litton on several grounds.
"Many of us were quite concerned with the social implications of
the arms race. As well, Litton is
well-known for attacking the
popular movement in Central
America, and has a long history of
anti-union activities," he said.
"All these things told us there
was a great deal of misinformation
being presented, and that the people living here should know about
it," he said. A Litton plant in
Toronto produces guidance systems
for the U.S. cruise missile.
Johnstone said locating the plant
in P.E.I, or another economically
depressed area amounts to
"economic blackmail. It's either
these projects and militarism, or
high unemployment," he said.
While the provincial government
won't disclose how much money it's
giving  Litton  as an incentive to
Cheap oi prices
means bad news
for grad geers
CALGARY (CUP) — Falling oil
prices may diminish the chances of
engineering and geology students
hoping to find summer or permanent jobs.
As prices continue to drop, some
oil companies are withdrawing job
offers, while others are reviewing
their hiring programmes.
According to Scott Ranson of the
public affairs department at Gulf
Oil, thirteen job offers had to be
withdrawn by the company.
"All job offers for summer work
have been withdrawn, but all current and future hiring is under
review at the moment," he said.
"At the present moment (our)
programme is under review and in
all likelihood, there will be fewer
offers," said David Soles, human
resources manager for Dome
Petroleum.
Some companies are making an
effort to maintain hiring records in
spite of financial losses. Gordon
Hammond, senior geologist for
Canterra Energy, said, "our budget
will be reduced by about 40 per
cent, but the staff will not be axed.
Canterra will be hiring six new
graduate students, the same as last
year."
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locate on the island, Johnstone says
the money could be put to better
use in traditional industries such as
agriculture or the fishery. The
government has said about 350
direct jobs and as many as 500 indirect jobs will be created if the
plant is built here.
According to University of P.E.I,
education professor Claudia Mitchell, who organized a group of
students and academics to debate
the issue, a Litton plant would
destroy the pastoral lifestyle on the
island.
"It's really difficult to fathom
what it's like having a company that
large coming to a province this
small. Litton's budget of expenditures is 15 times as great as
P.E.I.'s," she said.
Although the government has
said the company will not have
much influence in island politics,
Mitchell said "how much say they
would have in running things is very
much in dispute."
Johnstone said the protest won't
die if Litton wins the contract.
"This issue has had more debate on
this island than any other in
decades," he said.
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CAN EXPRESSCARD
If you're graduating this year and you've
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at an annual salary of $10,000 or more
and have a clean credit record, you can get
the American Express Card.
That's it. No strings. No gimmicks.
(And even if you don't have a job right now,
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Of course, the American Express Card
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irks owned by American Expiess Company < Copyright American Express Canada, Inc 1986  All Rights Reserved Thursday, March 27,1986
THE    UBYSSEY
Page 3
Liberation
Theology
... is B.C. ready?
By Doug Schmidt
British Columbia is increasingly being likened to a Third World
country.
How is it possible that in a province of such abundant natural
wealth and such a high level of
education among its people, our economy is
so desperately failing? Why are so many people unemployed and falling into poverty?
As government and business leaders jet
around seeking economic solutions from the
sweatshop nations of the Pacific Rim and
supply-side and demand-side economists
bash heads over their simplistic
macroeconomic abstractions, others are
seeking a more humanistic approach and
learning a lot from, of all places, the Third
World.
xuJ
IN LATIN AMERICA, POVERTY SEEMS
an almost incurable disease.
Millions of peasants live in appalling circumstances in decrepit shantytowns which
sprout up around the major cities.
These slum dwellers were evicted from the
countryside where there is abundant arable
land but which is being used by wealthy landowners for lucrative export cash crops —
bananas, sugar, coffee, cotton. The
campesinos head to the cities attracted by the
myth of employment.
Instead, they are forced to beg in the
streets, rummage for food and clothing in
garbage dumps and watch their children die
of malnutrition-related diseases.
Although dictatorships, once the prevalent
form of government in Latin America, have
fallen out of fashion, and some short-lived or
botched efforts at land reform have been attempted, little has changed for the poor.
Enter the church.
The missionaries of the 1980's are a different breed from their European namesakes
who waded ashore centuries earlier.
First, they are most likely Latin American
born and they speak the indigenous
language. But more importantly, they live
with the poor and oppressed, educating and
organizing them to become more active in effecting socio-political change by letting their
voices be heard through grassroots self-help.
These missionaries act outside of the formal church, which has always been seen as
part of the moneyed and privileged and not
being sensitive to the majority of the people
who are both poor and oppressed.
The form of theological expression these
priests and lay preachers use is called Liberation Theology.
"Liberation Theology is the means of applying the theology of the church to the situation of the poor and oppressed people in the
world. It has a particular reading of the scriptures and it says that God has an option for
the poor, and for the church to be faithful to
God it has to be working on the issues which
confront the poor and the oppressed," says
pastor Ray Schultz, Lutheran chaplain at the
University of B.C.
Liberation Theology, although practiced
since the early 1960's, began to seriously
spread in 1968 following two events. That
year, Peruvian theologian Gustavo Gutierrez
wrote "The Liberation of Theology", outlining the essential tenets of the new movement,
and a Latin American bishops meeting in
Guatemala drafted the statement with the
now famous phrase that God has an option
for the poor.
"Small communities, known popularly as
base Christian communities, were formed in
which people would meet for an analysis of
their situation and biblical study, and then
decide to take some form of action. So this
action-reflection model has created a rather
dynamic reflection of the church," said
Schultz, who has visited and studied such
communities in Peru.
"(The actions are) taking place on a
number of fronts. In many places that involves fighting a guerrilla war and so there
are many people who fight back militarily —
that's one kind of expression of it — in other
places its a kind of economic self-help project
where people are learning how to live
cooperatively.
"At the survival level I saw it happening in
Lima, in Peru, where several families would
get together and form a co-op kitchen. That
would release more of the members of the
families to go out and work, and it also made
buying of food and preparation of food more
efficient. And church people work with them
to council them on nutrition and budgeting
and so on," says Schultz.
However, there are problems with the
church hierarchy which sees these base communities acting more autonomously than the
hierarchy would like, Schultz adds.
"Another reason, and perhaps this is a bigger one, is that Marxist analysis is commonly
used as a method of criticizing the society in
Latin America.
"And because Marxism has taken an
aetheistic expression and totalitarian shape in
many countries, I think the church, rightly
so, has a concern about whether these
movements are really Marxist movements
more than they are Christian ones," he says.
BUT FOR THE PEOPLE LIVING IN THE
base communities it is not a matter of
subscribing or not subscribing to the
discipline of the church, argues Schultz:
"They see what they are doing as profoundly Christian activity.
"(They) see Liberation Theology as a
means of being theologically reflective for
themselves in the face of a church that just
doesn't always seem to care very much."
Part of the problem is how the developed
world looks at what is going on in Latin
America. It tends to simplify everything into
an East-West ideological conflict, whereas in
fact the North-South conflict is a different
one, says Schultz.
"Nicaragua is very definitely using a Marxist model for social and political organization, and Cuba, of course, is a completely
Marxist country.
"But in many of the places where indigenous people make up a large proportion
of the population, such as Guatemala or
Peru, the socialist forms of organization that
they engage in don't come from Marxism as
much as they come from their own ancient
models of being.
"What they're doing is simply recovering a
tradition which was nearly wiped out in the
same way that we've nearly wiped out the
cooperative tradition of Canadian Indians today.
"So the forms of social organization are
not intended to be aligned with either one of
the major powers, but simply a practical approach to their own economic survival," he
said.
Liberation Theology has led to an inevitable politicization of the church.
The Catholic church had a great bearing
on the final outcome of the Sandanista's
struggle against Anastasio Somoza in
Nicaragua, and more recently, in another
Third World country, it was the call to the
predominantly Catholic Philippino people by
Archbishop Cardinal Sin which played a
decisive part in the ouster of President Ferdinand Marcos.
And it is this type of public political struggle which has also led to a political struggle
within the church itself, says Schultz.
As evidence of this, he cites the periodic
"Kirchentage" in Germany, "where tens of
thousands of people gather together to reaffirm their faith, and that's a lay, popular
movement.
"We see signs of that kind of concern in
the church also in the Green parties in
Europe where theie's more of a concern for
See page 15: B.C.'s Page 4
THE    UBYSSEY
Thursday, March 27,1986
Contralogical
After an unsuccessful campaign by the Reagan Administration to persuade Congress to spend $100 million in military aid to the Contras, a
"large-scale Sandanista attack" on Honduran training camps exploded,
with very suspicious timing.
While the Americans have dubbed the attack an "act of aggression"
backed by Cuba and the Soviet Union, Nicaraguan presidential spokesperson Manuel Espinoza has denied charges that the Sandanistas have crossed the Honduran border. And to add to the suspicion, Honduran soldiers
have prevented foreign journalists from visiting the area.
One hates to point accusing fingers, but how convenient for Ronnie. $20
million in emergency aid for Honduran-based Contra camps isn't all the
money the president wanted, but it's a good start.
The Americans have claimed in the past and continue to claim that
Nicaragua has imported from the Soviets more arms than can be tolerated
— 40,000 tons of Russian and Eastern European weapons since 1981, including 110 T-55 tanks and 30 PT-76 light amphibious tanks.
If the Americans insist upon overthrowing the Sandanistas, they will
face a war machine which enjoys tremendous support at home, and a
lengthy bloody battle.
If the Americans succeed in placing in power what Reagan calls "the
equivalent of our founding fathers," the cycle of civilian unrest and suffering will inevitably renew itself in the Central American tinderbox.
Really rally
Recent slights-of-hand by the
provincial government have
tried to convince us we have
"Excellencely Funded" education in B.C.
But all the wonderful extra
money for teaching people
simply begins to replace funds
the Socreds have chopped from
schools and universities in
previous years.
Now, you could have written
to your MLA to complain about
the situation on education funding in B.C.
Or, you could have joined a
committee to plan concerted
arguments about the need for
education funding.
But, you probably didn't.
Nevertheless, all is not lost.
Committee sitters, letter
writers and not-quite-as-
involved people can rally at
Robson Square Tuesday, April
1 at 2 p.m.
Don't be Fooled Again is the
theme of the Provincial day of
concern for education.
Vote with your body.
We want better flics
It has been quite some time since
I last saw a Subfilms picture ad in
the Ubyssey. I have heard that the
revenue of Subfilms has been
steadily falling over this and the
past year. This may not be surprising as many people on campus are
not even aware of Subfilms, even
though it only costs $2.00 per admission. Hence the picture ad of
"Prizzi's Honor" is more than a
welcome break, especially after all
those midterms. Congratulations to
the Subfilms ads manager for a job
well done.
On the other hand, it is disturbing to note that "Year of the
Dragon" has been selected for one
of the features of Subfilms that is
already overflowing with violence
from this term alone ("Rambo",
"Beyond Thunderdome",
"Silverado"), not to mention the
racial overtone that seems to smite
the movie.
Perhaps better choices can be
made, in the interest of the general
UBC film-going audience, with say,
"Plenty", "Insignificance", "Back
to the Future" or "The Gods Must
Be Crazy".
Since the program has been set
already, I can only hope that Sub-
films can do better next year. And
please, keep the picture ads in the
Ubyssey going — say, on every
Tuesday. You might even double
your revenue.
Yung-Tsin Hsi
civil engineering 4
Underpaid
The University is to be congratulated on the new financial
system which is to take effect April
1, 1986 (see UBC REPORTS,
March 20, 1986). A new and up-to-
date accounting system is long overdue and will indeed represent a
"fresh start" for UBC.
It will not, however, be a "fresh
start" for those clerical staff who
will have yet another task; this requiring complex cdmputing and accounting abilities which will not be
compensated for (yet again)!
This seems a less than reasonable
request considering the C.U.E.
staff have not had a contract since
April '84. The staff had consistently
been falling behind other members
of the university as far as salary is
concerned. You can only expect to
get what you pay for.
Moira S. Greaven
THE UBYSSEY )
March 27. 1986 |
The Ubyssey is published Tuesday and Friday throughout
the academic year by the Alma Mater Society of the University of British Columbia. Editorial opinions are those of the staff
and are not necessarily those of the administration or the
AMS. Member Canadian University Press. The Ubyssey's
editorial office is SUB 241k. Editorial department,
228-2301/2305. Advertising 228-3977/3978.
"Every breath you take," cooed Stephen to Janice. James shouted peace songs at Michael. Camile,
Jennifer, Debbie, Doug & Ed chanted to the Sex Pistols. Peter sang solo over John Lennon, David]
Corinne, Kerry, Andrew & Steve wildly sang religious dogma Hast week's copy is this week's truth)
Ron sang "you give me the sweetest taboo - 000000 - That's why I'm in love with yoooooool" Amy
sang the theme from the Care Bears while Gordon, Neil and Mary sang "Wild thingl You make my
heart singl You make EVERYTHING . . . Groovy!" Evelyn, Martin & Laura pealed out joyously "Like a
virgin". Karen sang "Heart of Gold" while putting in the usual cameos . . .
% M^t?:'.. &tM<>Wo<?rnf -SotiMr?"is /Vor A <&&$***)
ask o^sgci/e^ At -me Siccush hEfA^Ttt^T.
Jed and Co. preach hatred
By RAYMOND L. SCHULTZ
If we're to believe Jed, Cindy et
al, Christianity is a judgemental,
name-calling religion that assaults
reason with invective and incites its
followers to hatred. As a member
of the Lutheran church and part of
the greater Christian community on
campus, I want you to know that
what they say makes me sick.
That's not the kind of Christianity I
know and practice.
I worry sometimes that you won't
know the difference between self-
styled evangelists like Jed and Cindy and the rest of us and will paint
us all with the same brush. Many of
us have been the butt of prejudices
that generalized about all Christians
from one isolated experience.
To set the record straight, let me
say that the majority of Christians
at UBC and in Canada do not
believe Reagan enjoys favor from
God nor that it is God's will for us
to be commie killers.
We have a social agenda that calls
us to strive for economic justice,
rights of minority groups, the status
of women, compassion for and
understanding of gays, and those
things that make for peace. Church
members are an integral part of
many of the peace and justice agencies in Canada today.
Christians believe in a God whose
primary self-expression is love and
justice. The justice of God calls us
to be discriminating about ourselves
and our society in a prophetic way.
It is the justice of God that
motivates us to oppose apartheid in
South Africa and institutionalized
poverty in Canada.
Similarly, God's justice also
challenges our own self
righteousness so that we are not
permitted to address evil in society
without recognizing our own
culpability in these matters.
The unqualified love of God
makes it possible for us to dare such
self-judgement because it is not
God's intention to destroy anyone,
including sinners. The will of God is
for the redemption and renewal of
the earth and its people.
We are not naive. We know that
there isn't only one answer for
every question. To be a Christian is
not to surrender reason, but to live
by faith. Living by faith means we
start with a commitment and accept
the life that emerges as a conse
quence. The life which emerges can
be painful and disappointing, but
that doesn't take away its pur-
posefulness and value. On the other
hand, it can also be the source of
joy and belonging without requiring
all the usual trappings of success.
Christianity is a corporate
religion. Our rite of Baptism makes
us members of a community that
embodies God's Word when it
gathers around the celebration of
the Word and the Sacraments. The
majority of us don't hold to a
solitary understanding of our
religion or its forms of ministry.
perspectives
Finally, Christianity is a servant
religion. The word ministry in the
title Campus Ministry means to
minister to or to serve. Those who
know the violent parts of our
history may doubt what I say, but
remember that the majority of
western universities, hospitals, and
other social institutions were initiated by the Church.
Christian foreign missions have a
black eye because they were uncritical of the colonial imperialist
cultures they carried with them,
nevertheless, they brought literacy
and science to many nations.
(Premier Bennett seems to think the
churches are servant organizations
because he expects them to pick up
an increasing portion of the province's essential social services.)
Over against this general description of Christianity, there stands
another tradition, that claims the
Christian heritage, but sets itself
against the world. This form of
religious thinking judges the world
as totally evil and the realm of God
totally good. The two realms are
forever separate. There can be no
compromises. The earth must be
judged and overcome.
A subset of this religious tradition holds to a fatalistic determinism that says the end results are
already in place and its our job to
watch faithfully and passively while
God's plan unfolds. These folks are
not interested in converting the
world, they aren't interested in the
world at all. Its all going to hell
anyway, so they'll just stand and
watch it go. That's the kind of
theology I heard preached on campus last week.
Jed and Co.'s preaching was full
of angry expressions and dreams of
destruction. Can you imagine how
painful those folks must feel with
all that ferment inside them? No
wonder they preach in public; a
volcano like that requires urgent
release if it is to be prevented from
exploding!
Most of the people who stopped
to listen knew Jed and Cindy's
religion for what it was — religious
hatred. What saddened me,
however, was the hate and hostility
which was thrown back at them.
Religious invective was countered
with anal and genital expletives. It
was as violent as it could get
without resorting to actual contact.
How could this happen? How
could people let themselves be
maneuvered into such a sadistic
frame of mind? Are we so bestial
that we get pleasure out of watching
and baiting psychotics in public?
People have argued for the
freedom of speech to which they
think Jed and Cindy are entitled
because the university is a forum
for the free expression of ideas. I
would qualify such a description of
the university, however, because the
university is more than a forum, it is
a community.
Within that community there is a
contract by which people are
recognized and received. Those who
teach are granted that status
because they have qualified. Those
who are students are admitted
because they qualify.
It is not appropriate for someone
to walk in off the street with no
commitment to the responsibilities
and goals of the university and
presume to enjoy all its privileges.
Liberty without responsibility is an
abuse of freedom.
I commend Laura Busheikin for
her article in the March 18 Ubyssey
and agree with her analysis. I've
worked hard for the very people Jed
and Cindy condemn and malign. I
do, however, feel betrayed by the
hypocrisy of a crowd that jeers Jed
for his remarks about women but
still tolerates the Lady Godiva ride.
Oh well, better the devil you know,
I guess . . .
Raymond L. Schultz, UBC's
Lutheran campus chaplain, likes
free, faithful Christianity, but
doesn 't necessarily believe God
wants Reagan to kill commies. Thursday, March 27, 1986
THE    UBYSSEY
I began photographing interracial
couples/families around San Francisco soon
after returning to North America from Japan
in 1982.
Part of my purpose was to understand how
we deal with racism, how people avoid,
counteract or simply survive it.
I was also interested in the process of
change.
On an intimate level, I learned something
about how people deal with racism,
homophobia, divorce,illness, etc., and how
such experiences can lead to psychological
growth or retreat.
On another level, I became convinced of the
potential for changing social structures and attitudes. In California, for example, the laws
which prohibited interracial marriages since
1872 were finally repealed in 1948. Thirty-four
years later, interracial couples/families still
dealt with a degree of racism, but were increasingly accepted and commonplace.
So the function of the project is to show individuals as participants in change, an alternative to mainstream media whose not-so-
hidden message is we are merely helpless
onlookers.
As I worked on the series, my concerns
shifted further outward to focus on planetary
change, including the threat of nuclear war.
This brought me back to the problem of
racism, as nuclear war is the "logical" and
ultimate extrapolation of intolerance, of all
our fears of difference, whether that difference
is skin color or belief systems.
But if photography taught me anything, it
was the importance of previsualizing, and the
vision I continued to receive was the planet
engulfed in flames. Continuing the series seemed useless and working for peace eventually
took its place.
Today, when I look back on these and other
photographs, I am grateful to the people who
shared their lives so openly and look forward
to the day when we've dismantled our 50,000
nuclear bombs and care adequately for the
40,000 children, mostly black or brown, who
now die each day of hunger and preventable
diseases. James Young
March 1986
George and Jim
David, Melissa, Linda and Jessica Page 6
THE    UBYSSEY
Thursday, March 27, 1986
Gotham blues to beat the band
PAUL GRINDLAY . . . trombone and vocals
GARETH JONES . . . trumpet
By RONALD STEWART
The Gotham City Blues Band has
been making a name for itself on
campus and in Vancouver despite
the academic commitments of its
members, who are all UBC
students.
"School takes priority, which
creates some problems," says Paul
Grindlay, vocalist, trombonist, and
zoology major. Other band
members (with fetishes and
faculties), Dave Welsford (bass,
science), Kent MacKenzie (alto
sax), Steve Wong (drums, arts)
Peter Shklanka (tenor sax, arts)
Gareth Jones (trumpet, music),
Bruce Grindlay (keyboards, music),
and Mark Grindlay (guitar,
engineering).
The school/band conflict plays
havoc with practice times, the band
asserts. "With the size of the band,
not everyone can make regular
practices because of papers and ex
ams," says Paul (clearly the band's
leader, at least during interviews),
"which means we have to go over
the same things at the next practice.
We've also lost some gigs this
way."
School also interferes with the
band's musical progress. Paul says
"we want to change our repertoire,
but we need more time to work on
that. We can't devote ourselves to
the band full-time." Gareth adds,
"besides, it's insane to rely on a
band — especially one like this —
for regular income."
Mark says the conflict also
creates problems for future plans.
"I can't leave engineering to devote
myself to the band, because I
wouldn't be able to go back."
Bruce observes that school and
the band can't mix, even in the
music department. "Basically, they
won't acknowledge anything after
1900, so forget about getting credit
for this."
The band started well into the
1900's, four years ago at St.
George's high school. The Brothers
Grindlay were influenced by their
music teacher Fred Gass, who
played trumpet with the Rhythm
and Blues All-Stars.
"The advantage of R and B,"
says Paul, "is that it is a musical
style that fits the instruments,
Mark, Bruce, and 1 play — trombone, guitar, and organ."
Steve and Dave, the rhythm section, brought a ska/new wave influence, "which shows up in the
music, making the covers sound
orignal," says Paul.
Since then, the band has progressed on the basis of "connections, timing, and luck," according
to Gareth, who was a finalist in the
Most-Eligible-Bachelor-in Vancouver contest this year ("Those
last-minute zits did him in," claims
MARK GRINDLAY . . . guitar
ed mou photo
Mark.)
The band plays a variety of old
and new R and B/Motown dance
tunes, including the Batman theme,
which "can be extended or shortened according to audience
response," says Paul.
Mark says "some of the tunes we
hate playing (Louie, Louie comes to
mind, adds Paul) are the real
crowd-pleasers. It's wierd."
The band has no gigs until May,
after exams are over. They now
have an agent, and plan to "invade
the clubs" this summer. They also
want to do more original material,
cut some demos, and compete in
the C-FOX Spotlight Contest.
As for the distant future, Paul
says "we want to take this as far as
it'll go."
D.O.A. disco renditions throb from within
By MIKE GORDON
reprinted from the McGill Daily
Canadian University Press
A cat walks in heat while a large
pot of thick soup simmers over the
flame of a gas stove. Bold likenesses
of Che Guevara and Jimi Hendrix
stare from the wall and window
frame of the three-story house.
Strange, mildly-abrasive renditions
of disco-hits pulse from within,
where three musicians have come
together to jam. Welcome to Fort
Gore.
This oddly domestic scene in
East-end Vancouver is the home of
D.O.A. guitarist Dave Gregg.
Gregg, formerly of Private
School and the Braineaters, Brian
"Sonny-boy" Roy Williamson on
bass, Dimwit on drums, and Joey
"Shiihead" Keighley on lead guitar
and vocals, form the band D.O.A.
'Fort Gore,' besides being
D.O.A.'s practice space, serves as
an open-house for other musicians
to get together and play. As Gregg
explained, the revamped disco tunes
one may hear when approaching the
house are the driving force behind
his side effort from D.O.A., the
'Groovaholics.'
Gregg's main reason for playing
with the band is for fun, as well as
to search for more eclecticism than
his D.O.A.-style guitar riffs allow.
Part of that eclecticism includes
Groovaholics' renditions of Disco
Inferno, Play That Funky Music,
and Shake Your Booty.
"There's a tradition here in Vancouver to get together and create
'fuck bands.' After seven months
and 125 gigs on the road, you get to
the point where you lose touch with
other styles. You can't play the
chops".
"I've lived here for seven years
now. All the great Vancouver bands
have played here. Before it was
demolished, we used to live next-
door, and as far as I know it is the
only squat in Vancouver."
Gregg, who joined D.O.A. in
February 1980, said he saw the
band's first 'gig' at the Japanese
Hall in 1978, only several blocks
from his present home.
Joey Keighley is the only member
of D.O.A. that played in the band's
first lineup. Lead guitarist, vocalist,
and songwriter, Keighly recalls his
first days in the emerging
punk/hardcore scene in Vancouver:
"1 played in Vancouver's second
punk band - the Skulls. The first
was a band called the Fury's. We
kind of burst on the scene as obnoxious guys from Suburbia - Burnaby,
which at the time was called
'Canada's biggest suburb'. We
were, you know, just uncultured
and unsophisticated slobs," said
Keighley.
Since his first days on the scene,
Keighley has pushed D.O.A. to the
forefront of the punk scene. From
the beginning, the band has taken
an uncompromising stnad, releas
ing unrelenting attacks against a
society that is authoritarian, racist,
sexist, and militaristic. Songs such
as Smash the State, Class War,
Slumlord, and Race Riot, (to name
but a few) are testament to the
band's pointed political stance.
D.O.A. stands strongly behind its
anthem: "Talk minus action equals
zero". The phrase came with their
1983 release Right to Be Wild,
which includes the songs Burn It
Down and Fuck You, produced in
support of the Direct Action group
the Vancouver Five.
The Five were charged in 1983 for
the bombing of a Litton Industries
plant which produces cruise missile
Care Bears II: teddies' revenge
By AMY LAM
Whenever Care Bears have to defend themselves,
they use their tummy power to radiate rainbows.
That's right, rainbows. And I like rainbows, and
tummies, and care bears, and movies like Care Bears
Movie II: a new generation.
The plot is complex: Noble Heart Horse and True
Heart Bear are the central thematic figures. Together
they protect the Care Bear cubs and the care bear
cousins (these groups are not to be confused with one
another, or the final resolution doesn't work).
Dark Heart is the bad guy, the villain, the satanic
figure, the anti-Christ in the apocalyptic subtext. He
wants not all the money, booze, and women, but all
the (oh my goodness) goodness in the world. And
there's an awful lot of goodness in the world of Care
Bears (ie: rainbow tummies).
To counter-point the finally honed drama of the
Care Bears/Dark Heart story are three human-like
characters: John, Don and Christie. The relationship
of these characters and their goodness to Christ and
the apostles is no mistake. These are Dark Heart's
heavenly foils.
Dark Heart enters Christie's Heart and persuades
her to evil by promising her not money, booze, and
women, but to make her camp champ (it's too difficult to explain).
The climax, in which Christie and Dark Heart go
to Care Bear land to "fix" up the Heart Meter
which, of course, measures the amount of goodness
in the land, is thrilling. But to divulge who wins in the
end, Dark Heart or Christie, would be to spoil the
film for prospective viewers. Suffice it to say the ending is deeply satisfying.
The animation is very good, the story is good, and
it's Canadian. The marketing concept is irritating
(Care Bears dolls, etc.). Nobody dies, nobody gets
hurt, and everybody is happy. It is a modern fairytale for kids.
guidance systems, a B.C. hydro
substation, as well as three pornography outlets distributing videos
of torture, mutilation, and sexual
violence against women. One of
their members, ex-Subhuman
bassist Gerry Hannah wrote the
song 'Fuck You'. All proceeds from
the single went to their cause.
In the same year, D.O.A. released the song General Strike, a rallying cry of support at the height of
B.C.'s Solidarity labour movement.
Dave Gregg explained punk inevitably does have a role as a vehicle
for social change. However, he
stressed that discernable lyrics,
especially in hardcore, are not
necessarily the driving force behind
a band's message. "You walk a fine
line between articulation and emotional interpretation. I liked Darby
Crash of the Germs before I saw the
Jyric sheet," he said.
The song titles of several of
D.O.A.'s own songs raised the
question of interpretation. Asked if
titles such as General Strike, War
on 45 and Class War might project
conflicting images of pacifism and
violent action, Gregg explained:
"The Temptations' song War is
about wars between armies,
whereas Class War talks about activism. We're not really saying
whether to put a pen in your hand
or a gun."
As an all-male band, D.O.A. inevitably purvey a macho image, and
as such are representative of a industry tht is male dominated. Few
female bands gain due recognition
See page 10: PIG Thursday, March 27, 1986
THE    UBYSSEY
Page 7
Puppys growl
and prepare
to attack
By PETER BURNS
Apocalyptic dance music — electro-pop for fascists
— danse kamp disco — rip-off artists — perhaps
no other Vancouver band has inspired as much debate
or as many varying opinions — ranging from praise to
contempt — than have Skinny Puppy.
Of late it has become especially fashionable to slag
local artists on the verge of bigger things. Some genuinely dislike the Pups' blend of macabre humor and social
commentary —
Withered rope/You hang what's empty
Can't remain/To put it simply
In time cry the hollow words/
to sing with false disguise
Smothered hope/fly from sorrow
For a new diyine tomorrow
SKINNY PUPPY . . . plans beyond lukewarm Vancouver
Others dismiss it as crap because
they don't understand it — and still
others have- never heard Skinny
Puppy. To converts, the Puppys
present a version of the decaying
world that hits a nerve within the
living skeletons they've become. As
far as Skinny Puppy are concerned,
the superficial and harsh comments
on the Pups' fashion in hairstyles
and synth phrasing are unfair as
many people have failed to grasp
the conviction with which Skinny
Puppy approach their vision.
"People are entitled to their opinions," says Cevin Key (former Images In Vogue drummer and human
Kevin Crompton). Key is the man
responsible for the twisted synths
and percussion that pervade Skinny
Puppy's modern Gothic Hamlet-
inspired skull music. Wilhelm
Schroeder plays bass and adds
synth treatments while Nevik Ogre
provides the lyrics and vocals best
described as Popeye-meets-Bela
Lugosi. Music to read Dostoyevsky
by.
"A lot of people's tastes wander
— it's trendy to hate Skinny Puppy
right now in Vancouver. This has
never really disturbed us because
we're not just trying to make it here
— in fact most of our ambitions lie
outside Vancouver."
These ambitions have fueled
Skinny Puppy's rapid growth into a
band with a Canadian and international following.
The EP, Remissions and the LP,
Bites have had several pressings and
characterize the success of Vancouver's Nettwerk Records who
also distribute Grapes of Wrath,
Moev and Australians' Severed
Heads. Partly through the Pups'
success,   Nettwerk  has  spread its
web   of   distribution   to   Eastern
Canada and the U.S.
Likewise, fledgling Belgian label
Play It Again Sam have picked up
the group for European distribution
where response from usually-
finicky Brit tabloids like Sounds has
been encouraging.
Certainly Vancouver's most
recognizable independent band, the
Pups have surged ahead undaunted
by overt comparisons with
muchanics like Portion Control,
Front 242, early Caberet Voltaire or
Chris and Cosey — comparisons
which border on charges of musical
plagerism — a charge that could be
levelled at any group of musicians.
Key is optimistic this year will
prove another interesting and fruitful year in the Skinny chronicles.
"We're heading down to the
States where we played 12 dates last
year and that will fit into an extensive tour plan that includes a month
touring Canada, a month in Europe
and about 20 dates in the U.S."
Key is excited about the new
sounds they've just finished composing for the upcoming EP - an EP
which will see new variations in the
Puppy Sound, a sound Key is particularly excited about.
Skinny Puppy will bring their
music and notorious stage show to
the Arts Club Theatre, Easter Sunday, March 30. The band uses a
theatrical approach that is definitely their own, despite influences
from glam-rockers like Alice
Cooper.
"I don't mind comparisons to
Alice Cooper — but we're not trying to emulate those type of shows.
It's too bad not too many bands
combine the theatrical with the
musical anymore ... we like to surprise people," says Key, "but wedo
our own thing."
The band seems quite suited to
the theatrical — their songs have a
cinematic quality that at times acts
as a mini-soundtrack to visions of
the world only the Puppys
themselves see clearly. Influenced
greatly by film, particularly of the
sci-fi horror genre, the band's music
is inspired by the strange, dreamlike
quality of conversation in flicks like
the U.K. classic The Legend of FJell
House and Roman Polanski's The
Tenant. Whether the Pups
themselves will be heard in Vancouver depends on just how infectious their bites really are — their
fangs have been filed.
The Quiet Earth
is quietly moving
By BHAGWANT SANDU
I cannot recall the last time I saw
a film that left me in as much
bewilderd fascination as did The
Quiet Earth. In fact as reassurance
that the film had indeed ended, I
had to be nudged by the person
seated next to me.
The Quiet Earth stars Bruno
Lawrence as Zac Hobson, the lone
survivor of a nuclear holocaust.
The first half of the film deals with
Zac's realization that he may be the
only human being alive on the
planet. The film handles Zac's
predicament with touching, insightful sensitivity.
Even the comic scenes are undercut with compelling irony. A*
depressed and disillusioned Zac
enters a church shouting "Where
are you? Where are you?" Not
hearing a reply, he challenges,
"Come on our or I'll shoot the
kid." Again, there is no reply. The
statue of Jesus Christ flashes on the
screen, and Zac shoots bullets into
it. This sort of action forces the
viewer into self-examination.
In the second half, The Quiet
Earth focuses on human relationships. Zac encounters two other
human beings. Here the film explores themes of love, guilt,
jealousy and loneliness in a subtle
and fresh manner.
The film ends with the silent,
sombre loneliness of The Quiet
Earth left after nuclear destruction.
Zac remarks that his lonely existence is tantamount to having
been "condemned to live."
Lately, the sci-fi movie genre has
suffered the sacrifice of purposeful
drama for special effects. The Quiet
Earth restores this lost integrity,
and lives up to its billing as "the
science-fiction movie of the
1980's." Page 8
THE   UBYSSEY
Thursday, March 27,1986
THE   UBYSSEY
Page 9
*©•
vi
'We live between the past and the present. . .
we feel misplaced, but we must find some
kind of compromise so we don't neglect our past
By JULIE SCOTT
reprinted from the Charlatan
Canadian University Press
Emigres in Canada from east bloc countries
may have spurned life under communism,
but they have not embraced life in the West
either.
People tend to picture emigre- from ihe East as \ietims of ■"oppressive
communist regimes" who have sought and found "freedom" in the
"capitalist west". But students in Ottawa who left the "communist world"
for the "free world" did not .simply exchange a dreary life for a cheerful
one.
Emigie-; must struggle lo fully uproot their lives in one country and completely adapt to their new Ihe.s in Canada. In Ottawa, students recently arrived from Eastern Europe and the Soviet Union arc living in a state of limbo.
"I hey are no longer East European. They are not yel Canadian. They are
straddling two worlds.
Andrzej Lifsehes. a sociology doctoral .student who left Poland with his
wife and children in 1981, says "all immigrants live between the past and
present. We have to find some kind of compromise .so that we don't neglect
our past. Of course, this means not totally accepting the society in which
we live now."
The early 1980s saw the "third wave' of immigrants from communist
countries come to North America. The first and second wave came after
the 1917 revolution in Russia, and after the Second World War. The How
of Russians (o Canada in recent years peaked in 1980 when 2,079 claimed
landed immigrant status.   	
In 1982. a record 8,278 Poles
emigrated to Canada, lopping the
number of Polish immigrants arriving here o\er the past five years.
Igor Mravinsky, who left the
USSR legally with an exit visa in
1981, is now a student at Carleton.
For Mra\insk>, the dreams and
cultural traditions of Russia carry
on in Canada. "I left the Soviet
Union but 1 didn't leave Russia. I
still think in my language. I
sometimes feel misplaced. I'm not
fully adapted to my new life yere."
With a different cultural
background, a Russian or East
European can't automatically adapt
to the Canadian wav of life.
Most students never expected to
find a miraculous new life in
Canada. They left because the>
were skeptical of their homcland.-
anci curious about Canada.
Rys/ard C'iinek, an ISELS
graduate student, had met people
from North America when he worked as a tour guide in Poland.
"Canadians and Americans
brought me books. I developed an
appeal for North America, flic ot-
ficial Polish media said North
America was like this. But North
Americans would say 'No it's like
that' ".
The gap between what he read and
what he heard about North
America inspired Cimek to obtain a
travel visa to leave Poland and settle in Canada in 1977.
Rogalska left Poland after her
hopes for entering law school were
dashed. "I couldn't get a place in
law at university because there was
too much competition," she says.
Rgalska says other things drove
her to leave Poland. "I wanted to
be independent of m> parents. In
Poland, this is impossible even as
an adult. The economic situation
preterits it. Moving out of my
parents place was impossible."
Lifsehes left Poland because his
underground political work left him
little choice. "1 knew from the
beginning of Solidarity that the
movement would be crushed. When
this happened 1 knew I would go to
jail or a detention camp. I didn't
believe 1 had any future in
Poland."
As a researcher at various institutes in Poland, he says his supervisors often pressured him lo falsify
his data and provide 'posilive proof for the government.
"Every time I would refuse, and I
had to leave the institute." he says.
"What was going on in Poland was
abnormal. I wanted to be able to do
a job according to some sort of
ethical code."
A Carleton student from the
Soviet Union who wishes to remain
anonymous, says that as a student
in the USSR he used to feel
restricted. "In ihe Soviet Union you
ha\e to study at least 50 political
subjects — no mater what discipline
you're in. It was prohibited to mention certain themes."
When he lived in Hungary Zoltan
Barany. now a fourth year I SEES
.student, rejected Hungary's communist ideals. He acted more like
an entrepreneur than a socialist-
minded citi/en.
"I lived on wheeling and dealing.
1 would sell records and car parts on
the black market," he says, "I was
used to making my own money."
Respecl sets the tone of student-
professor relations in Eastern
Europe. But Mravinsky says "professors here don't pay attention to
delivery. Sometimes when they give
a lecture it's as though they were
reading a laundr> list. If this hap
pened in the Soviet Union, the pro
lessor would be reprimanded."
Emigre students .say they at lea1-:
get ihe chance to argue with th.
professors. "At university here,
professors impose their way c1'
thinking, bin you can challcnyv
(hem," says Rogalska.
Gyoker enjoys class discussions
at Ottawa U. "Students point to
things they don't agree with the
professor on. It's \ery straightforward. Professors aren't on a
pedestal."
Between students, however,
emigres are used to more
camraderie. "Friends are like a
pressure valve to offset the problems in society. Without friends,
you're despeate," says Mravinsky.
Canadian students work differently. First they want to win.
then they want  lo make friends.
Marck Godyn, a Soviet and
Eastern European (ISEES)
graduate student from Poland, says
"the way 1 think is different. So is
my language. You can't translate
your personality or your life from
language to language. I can speak
English but I'm still an outsider."
Emigres criticize their
motherland and their newly
adopted homeland. "You can't say
I hat what you left behind was noi
good and you've come to a new-
place and onl> see good into it,"
says Sylwia Rogalska, a Carleton
history student who left Poland for
Canada in 1981.
"There is no ideal place in the
world," says Peter Staniszkis, a
Carleton graduate from Poland
who has lived in Canada for seven
vears.
\ I.ill <>l liin-l .i:ul .hk-iivI;.
high academic standards have
prevented more student refugees
from being sponsored by the World
University Service of Canada
(WUSC), said its UBC chairperson
luesday.
"With more money we'd be in
more of a market to increase the
sponsorships at UBC," said Chris
Friesen.
In a referendum prepared by
WUSC in January 1985, UBC
students decided to pay an extra 50
cents to help sponsor two African
refugees. This was the first such
referendum to be held at a Canadian university.
"We would have asked for a
dollar per student, but we weren't
sill.   Ml.-  Ukl'.'liJ'.ll!!  W.-llkl   p.i.» .i1
50 cents," said Friesen.
He said the 50 cent fee raised
$12,000 to $14,000 this year, but added it cost between $18,000 and
$19,000 to sponsor the two
students.
"UBC Awards donated $2,200
and the Faculty Association gave us
$3,000. We appealed to this year's
grad   class   but   they   turned   us
~
Refugees flee
By CAMILE DIONNE
Ivia   Perdomo    fled    El
Salvador with her husband
and three children 2Vi years
ago   leaving   behind   her
parent   and other relatives.
The Perdomu iamily spent the next
two years hiding in Los Angeles as illegal aliens before coming to Canada
last fall.
When their savings ran out, both
Elvia and her husband had to work illegally in the United States to provide
food and clothing for their family.
"We didn't have legal permission to
work and had to work underground,"
she says.
The threat of being found and deported back to El
Salvador where they could be killed always hung over
their heads.
In April, 1985, the Perdomos applied to come to
Canada as refugees at the Canadian Embassy in Los
Angeles and arrived in Vancouver in November.
Their transition to life here has been eased by a new
government pilot program which matched them with
a host family in Vancouver.
The Host Program for Refugee Settlement is a new
government program which been last October and is
now operating in 11 cities across the country.
Multilingual Orientation Service Association for
Immigrant Communities worker John Shannon says
the host program grew after refugee workers noticed
refugees brought to Canada from Southeast Asia
during the "Boat People" period six years ago who
had sponsoring groups in Canada adapted far better
than those who received government assistance.
Both groups received the same financial and housing aid, says Shannon, adding the contacts and
friendships made with their Canadian sponsors made
the difference.
Shannon described the three classifications of
refugees in Canada. The largest group, composing
more than 85 per cent of Canada's refugee intake,
are government sponsored refugees like the Perdomos. The second major group are privately sponsored refugees and those brought in through the
family reuniting program. The third group, "Inland
refugees", are those who declare themselves refugees
at the border or airport.
The Host pilot refugee settlement program deals
with some of the 12,000 government sponsored
refugees that arrive in Canada each year. It has matched 320 refugees with host groups since it began in
October.
Lesley Anderson, host program coordinator, says
the program will be an experimental phase for at least
the next two years. Information on how well the people in the program adjust to life in Canada will be
compared to a control group of government sponsored refugees.
She says the program matches 100 refugee units in
Vancouver with volunteer hosts out of about 1100
refugees that arrive in B.C. each year. (A refugee unit
can be a family, a brother /sister group, a single
parent, a couple or a single individual.)
Anderson  says government  sponsored  refugees
receive funding from the federal government for one
year after their arrival in Canada. The government
supplies housing, food, clothing and furniture, as
. well as medical care and emergency dental coverage.
Government sponsored refugees also receive five
months of English language training and employment counselling.
"It's all quite minimal" Anderson says, noting
that the aid is similar to welfare rates.
Other than financial support, aid to refugees is
minimal, she says. "What has changed is the human
contact."
Elvia Perdomo says she is glad her host family is
there to help.
"Sometimes we have problems, we miss our
families, but we know it takes time to adapt," she
says.
Anderson says the volunteer hosts can be a family,
an individual or a group of friends.
"It's kind of nice if you do it with a friend," she
says, adding that it is good for both the refugees and
the hosts for the hosts to be a family or group
because it gives the refugees more contacts in
Canada.
John and Sheila Shannon are the Perdomo's host
family. The Shannons have spent 26 years in Latin
America and John is a volunteer with MOSAIC, an
organization that provides services in 70 languages to
both refugees and immigrants.
Perdomo said when her family first came to
Canada "the only friends we had were Mr. and Mrs.
Shannon. Through them now I know more people."
Anderson says she try's to match hosts and
refugees as much as possible.
"Other languages are great" she says, adding host
without language skills are matched with refugees
with at least minimal English. Single hosts are usually
matched with single refugees.
Refugees are chosen randomly for the program
with   about   30   per   cent   coming   from   Central
America, 30 per cent from Southeast Asia and the
rest from other areas of the world. Anderson said the
refugees come from all walks of life.
Some are professionals others laborers. Some are
well off, others are poor, she says.
Anderson says the Host program require? no
financial commitment from volunteers but is an
"orientation and friendship-based program". The
committment is for at most a year but "the first few
months will be the most intense," she says.
"We encourage volunteers not to get involved
financially", says Anderson, stressing the program is
oriented to ensuring the refugee's self-respect.
"The thing that we really encourage is an equal
relationship between the volunteer hosts and the
refugees."
Training for volunteers includes programs by the
B.C. Association of Social Workers, the
multiculturalism concerns committee and the UBC
counselling psychology department grad students. It
also involves an orientation into what a government
sponsorship means to a refugee and practical advice
on what the host will do. Hosts are given resource
lists of community centres, English classes and other
resources in the community.
"What the volunteer learns is almost more than
what the refugee does" says Anderson.
The volunteer hosts are also given handouts profiling the country which the refugee they will be hosting
has come from. They receive information about the
food and culture of the country as well as its historic
and political background. Volunteers are also given a
reading list of further sources of information on the
country, Anderson says. The Host program also
plans social events for volunteers every six weeks,
ili'wn."  I;.-  m.J. .iJdme  :lk-.
supported WUSC in years before
the referendum.
According to Friesen, "extremely
high academic standards of the
UBC Admissions Board also keep
prospective refugee students
away."
Candidates must be graduate
students and must have at least a
3.5 grade point average to stand a
chance of entrance, he said.
"Even if we had a tremendous
amount of money, we could only
sponsor those students who meet
the admissions standards," Friesen
said.
Friesen would like to see women
and Asian students sponsored in
future years.
"We feel this campus could
assimilate Asian students easily
because of the large Asian population in Vancouver," he said.
Female refugee students are less
likely to be accepted by admissions,
according to Friesen. "Few women
from third world countries have the
opportunity to study at a graduate
level," he said.
This year, WUSC will sponsor
two more African students, both of
whom are male.
"We will try to raise extra money
from the Alumni Association, and
perhaps from off-campus community organizations, but we won't
have another referendum for a few
years," Friesen said. Page 10
THE    UBYSSEY
Thursday, March27, 1986
Students must compete
From page 9
Friendships as a result are less intense.
"Canadian students have to compete in order to survive. When you
have to compete there's not time for
sincere friendships. It's a question
of priorities," says Mravinsky.
When she went to school in
Poland, Rogalska used to exchance
assignments with friends. "If I were
brilliant in maths I would help
others. I wish someone else were
brilliant in languages, they would
give me their assignments. At
Carleton I can't expect this. Here
not: many students cooperate. They
want to get good marks. Competition is reinforced. People are left to
themselves."
Canadian universities also
bewilder emigres with individual
decisions. In Eastern Europe
courses vary between programs, but
are fixed between each program.
SJtaniszkis, who studies theology
in Poland, at first found it difficult
to choose courses, "because choice
is an unknown concept at Polish
universities."
The wide range of choice in all
parts of Canadian life puzzle and
sometimes disgust these emigres.
The limitless selection of movies,
art, and literature expose them to
the crudest along with the most
refined types of culture. The garish
colors and the plastic messages of
some Canadian culture annoy
them.
North American mass culture
shocked Godyn. Art seemed unar-
tistic because it was all the same.
"Movies are also violent. There is
nothing deep in them. Most of them
don't make you think. I find North
American TV, with exception of
CBC or PBS, supremely stupid,"
said. Barany. "You mostly see
beautiful people doing beautiful
things which are far off from reality. The psychological effects of this
are really bad."
In Poland Rogalska used to
watch TV. "Even if it was propaganda, it was educational. I don't
watch TV here. All the commercials
make me sick."
With all these challenges, some
emigre students have come to question the values underlying the Canadian way of life. In Poland the state
used to tell people what to do, says
Cimek. Here the same paternalism
exists but in a different form.
"Someone is always telling you
to buy something. This is paternalism to me. A salesman knows I
have a vacuum cleaner, but tells me
to buy another. This is dangerous.
All of a sudden I'm full of material
needs and I realize there's never any
end to it."
The individualistic outlook of
Canadians also raises doubts among
some emigres. When they left a
paternalistic communist state, some
found they were cuttng the umbilical cord from their source of
sustenance. They had to test their
individual ability to survive.
"This new environment is difficult to adapt to," says Mravinsky.
"Here if you're not relying on
yourself you're a loser. I know Russians who have a problem because
the government no longer gives
them a job, a roof, a salary."
Despite the hardships of Canadian life, these students have found
what they were looking for. Along
with the competitive university atmosphere, they have found access
to information. Along with the
limitations of speaking a foreign
language, they have found room to
express themselves. Along with the
threat of unemployment, they have
found opportunities to earning a
living.
Through their struggles they have
learned that the gulf separating the
"free world" and the Soviet Bloc is
surprisingly narrow. Mravinsky
notes that Russians and Canadians
have more similarities than differences. "We both live in a northern climate in a vast open country. These factors can be seen in
people's characters."
The freedom for which North
America prides itself, some students
have noted, is not alien to communist countries. A person can find
freedom in Poland.
"There is freedom of speech in
conversation. You just-can't print
your words," says Godyn, "that's
why it's important to have a close
circle of friends where you don't
have to hide your feelings. Here you
don't need that because you can say
and do anything."
Freedom is limited in Canada
too, they point out. "I can go
demonstrate at the Polish embassy,
but I can't break certain rules,"
says Staniszkis.
"Everything comes down to the
same thing," says Rogalska.
"Canadians talk about democracy
and freedom, but there's a lot of
decisions   the   government   makes
which the people here don't know
about."
Canada then is not necessarily the
land of wealth and freedom. "I
never had the illusion that prosperity grows on trees here or that you
can pick it like apples," says
Cimek.
In fact, some emigres have found
themselves fighting for freedom in
Canada. Byoker is playing out a
battle in court over her landlord's
attempt to evict her and Cimek
because their apartment needed
'major renovations'.
"Close friends would say 'why
not move?' Few people said fight
for your own rights. It's not right
what the landlord is doing," she explains, "If you want freedom here
you have to take a stand."
In the East and West alike, people must play the same game of survival. "The only difference is that
the rules change. In Eastern Europe
and here all people have to fight,"
says Lifsehes.
Although Canada is riddled with
problems most emigres are content
to live here. Canada's multicultural
flavour gives them the chance to
mix their past with their present.
"In the United States foreigners
have to assimilate and to a certain
extent they lose their identity," says
Staniszkis.
In Canada emigres can choose
whether or not to hold on to their
cultural heritage.
Taryan-Grossman has served ties
with her Hungarian past. "The first
few years I wanted to hang onto the
Hungarian in me. I didn't belong
here and wanted to go home. Then
something changed and now I
refuse to be Hungarian.
Many emigres are unwelcome in
Eastern Europe. They know they
can't return. And some don't want
to. "If I went back I would lose
everything I've achieved here in the
last four years. If I returned I could
never leave again," says Rogalska.
Pig boys dominate art
From page 6
or success artistic or otherwise.
However, especially in the
punk/harcore scene, where the 'pit'
in front of the stage is condusive to
a lot of thrashing activity, aggressive males set the audience standards as well. Said Gregg, "The
reality of the rock and roll world is
that it is a male-dominated art
form. I don't feel good about that.
We support women wholeheartedly, but we are what we are."
"It's like minor league football
practice," said Keighley. "It's
usually what happens in a big city
when you get a bunch of people
together, strangers, with a common
interest. A band that plays driving
music will make people move. It's
just a shame that women are forced
to have to stand back out of it to
enjoy the band," he said.
Gregg says "women should be
left to set the standard for how
crazy it is on the dance floor." Not
guys with spikes, metal boots, and
flying elbows. "The one thing I
can't stand is broken glass on the
dance floor. I stopped a show in
Munich cause some jerk grabbed a
stein out of my hand, fell back, and
smashed it," he said.
Gregg was described in a
Portland newspaper as being a 'hip
school teacher' in trying to quell
violence during a show there. Yet,
despite his personal hesitations to
play preacher, Gregg still believes
art can be an effective media for effecting social change.
"It offers you an opportunity to
break the cycle of male domination
of society.
m MEDICAL AND SCIENTIFIC EQUIPMENT SHOW
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= friend — Thursday, March 27, 1986
THE    UBYSSEY
Page 11
Law students against amendment
By NEIL LUCENTE
Law students, citing fears over
arbitrary censorship, crammed a
lecture hall in Curtis building to
vote against entrenching a human
rights/anti-discrimination clause in
their constitution Wednesday.
The constitutional amendment,
which applied only to Law Student
Association sponsored events,
stated that LSA activities would be
"carried on without discrimination
on the basis of sex, sexual orientation, race, colour, religion, ethnic
or national origin, disability, age or
political conviction," granting the
association power to perform "activities aimed at the eradication of
such discrimination."
The proposed amendment failed
to garner the two-thirds majority it
needed to become part of the LSA's
constitution. Students voted overwhelmingly, however, to refer the
amendment to a constitutional
committee for further study and
drafting.
Amid some hoots and jeers, second year law student Megan Ellis
warned more than 450 students at
the special meeting of the LSA that
a vote against the amendment
would irreparably damage the law
Katimavik
rally
attracts 100
By CORINNE BJORGE
A protest rally staged by Friends
of Katimavik Thursday afternoon
had angry words for the federal
government and concern for Jacques Hebert, but came up with no
new proposals on how to save the
youth volunteer program. About
one hundred people gathered at
Robson Square to hear support for
Senator Jacques Hebert as he enters
the sevententh day of his hunger
strike. An ex-participant set the
mood for the rally by describing
Hebert's fast as "not such a stupid
thing to die for."
Switching from English to French
and then back again, ex-
participants joined in an open
microphone forum after being invited to talk to the media about
their Katimavik experiences.
"Mr Mulroney prides himself on
being a weathervane for the country, yet a gallup poll showed that
90<?o of the youth agree on an increase in funding for Katimavik",
said one participant. Another participant poked fun at the government. He said: "At least no one in
Katimavik tried to feed rotten tuna
to their participants".
In response to Mulroney's promises of new measures to help
unemployed youth, ex-Katimavik
participant Don Stewart spoke
from a letter he had written to his
MP.
"Every member of my group is
either at school or working full
time. Are we the exception or are
we the rule? I venture to say we are
the rule".
Support for Katimavik came
from all areas of the community.
High school students, parents of ex-
participants, and people who had
not been accepted to the program
because of the large numbers applying. All spoke up for the program.
One woman in the audience said
that Katimavik had achieved what
feminists are working towards:
"equal pay for equal work with the
men."
A speaker from Canada World
youth, another program developed
by Hebert, said that CWY is in full
support of Katimavik.
"Katimavik in Canada is doing
what Canada World Youth is doing
overseas, and it is time that youth
stand up for something."
school's reputation.
"This amendment is a committment to respect each other's differences," said Ellis. "The refusal
of a committment . . . will be a
statement. It will say to the world
outside that the law school remains
a bastion of bigotry."
A number of students voiced opposition to the amendment saying it
would grant the LSA "broad
sweeping powers" to censor student
activities.
"The LSA does not exist to tell
me how to speak, think or act,"
maintained Bill McClagan amidst
some applause from the audience.
"Maybe I want to bring someone
who supports South Africa to
speak. This amendment gives the
LSA a lot of power, I don't think it
should go to the committee (on constitutional matters) at all."
A group of law students penned
the rejected amendment after entry
forms for the law school's annual
Trike Race were issued three weeks
ago. The entry forms sparked a propaganda war on campus between
defenders of the Trike Race forms
and those offended by its content.
In all, six leaflets on the issue were
drafted and posted on campus.
In one of several leaflets published on the issue, student groups opposing the forms said several questions on it were "calculated to provoke anti-gay responses." The
leaflet called the entry forms
See page 15: TRIKE
— corinne bjorge photo
object to cutbacks program. Gallup poll shows majority of youth agree on
re-instatement of youth volunteer program
FRIENDS OF KATIMAVIK gathered Thursday to show support for
fasting senator Jacques Hebert. Group drew sympathy from crowds who
Report urges students to try fasting
By DAVID FERMAN
The Federated Anti-Poverty
Coalition released a report recently
suggesting students try fasting for
two days and plan a monthly
budget based on the earnings of the
average welfare recipient.
"Students should be taught
about it (poverty) because it is reality.   It   matters,"   said   Vancouver
school trustee Phil Rankin Wednesday.
"There are 226,273 people on
welfare in B.C. and thousands of
their children come to school every
day without food, bus fares or
money for school outings," said
Rankin.
Jonathan Baker, a former Vancouver school trustee, told the Van
couver Province the report "may be
useful — but why isn't there a
report showing students how to
plan their month as a millionaire?"
Baker objects to the "political
propaganda in the schools.
The B.C. Teachers Federation
helped pay the report's printing
cost.
B.C. French immersion programs expand
By CORINNE BJORGE
A Federally-funded universities
program announced by the Education Ministry last fall hopes to
remedy a shortage of French immersion teachers in B.C.
"B.C. cannot furnish enough
teachers," said Rhoda Tafler,
French Immersion Teachers
Association president. "Right now
45 immersion teachers are coming
out of the three universities when
our needs are upwards of 100," she
said. As a result, B.C. must import
teachers from other provinces.
Tafler said the new programs at
the University of Victoria and
Simon Fraser University will help
retrain Anglophone teachers and
produce more local French
teachers.
UBC's E. A. Bongie, head of
UBC's French department insists
UBC is not dragging its heel on the
training scheme.
"This program is a collaborative
effort, not a competitive one, said
Bongie. He added the Ministry of
Education asked UBC to submit a
budget proposal for the 86-87
school year.
SFU has secured funding for the
second year of its program, and according to Robert Roy of UBC's
education department, UBC has
had its proposal for a retraining
program accepted by the ministry
and implementation is conditional
upon receiving enough applications
from qualified students.
The education department at
UBC currently has a French immersion program said Professor
Bongie. The current program to
retrain teachers is "a special case to
remedy a special situation," he
said.
Enrolment in the retraining program at SFU consists of a class of
14, and a faculty supervisor. The
ratio resembles the 14:1 ratio used
in other faculty retraining programs. UVic has a slightly smaller
enrolment.
Dr. Shapson, director of the
undergraduate programs at SFU,
emphasized the rigid standards
necessary for acceptance into the
program. "Not only must candidates be qualified and competent
teachers, they must pass provincial
language screening and then pass
the exam levels expected," said
Shapson.
According to Shapson, the funding for programs is conditional
upon the number of qualified
students applying. "I imagine the
program might run 3 years with
supply and demand ending its
lifespan after that," he said.
But Rankin said, "I know
teachers that feed kids. They take
food to class. It's pathetic."
Rankin also believes university
students should think about poverty.
"Life is getting worse for a certain percentage of the population. I
wish these so-called commerce
students would quit buying the line
that if you work hard and follow all
the bull-shit Socred rules you'll be
fine.
"Certainly many (university)
students know something about
poverty. It is like being an artist, it
is almost expected for you to be
poor if you are a student," said
Rankin. "But it is a different kind
of povery. It is a grinding permanent poverty."
Rankin said children of welfare
recipients "have their nose stuck in
it every day," and they rarely make
it into university, whereas university
students come from wealthy
families.
"University students basically
come from privileged circumstances
and they should know about those
who don't."
Newfoundland calls on students to unite against cuts
ST. JOHN'S, Nfld. (CUP) —
Hundreds of Memorial University
students packed the student gymnasium March 19 to protest post
secondary underfunding before a
panel of federal and provincial
representatives.
Of Memorial's $80 million
operating budget, $70 million
comes from federal transfer
payments through Established Programmes Financing, threatened by
a federal cut which will take $6
billion from transfer payments to
the provinces for health and education in the next five years.
"The right of every Canadian
citizen to post-secondary education
is being undermined," Crummell
said.
"Accessibility is a right. I think
politicians are starting to forget
this."
Provincial Liberal leader Leo
Barry said Brian Peckford's Conservative provincial government
hasn't properly distributed federal
transfer payments. -t"These
gentlemen are kissing ass in
Ottawa," he said.
Gene Long, a member of the provincial NDP executive, said
students should organize to tackle
tuition fee increases.
"You have to be making links
with other young people who can't
afford to be in university right
now," he said.
Provincial finance minister John
Collins tried to ease students' fears
by saying education would receive
more funding in his upcoming
budget. He wouldn't specify on
how much would be allocated to
post secondary education, or if increases would exceed the inflation
rate.
Charlie Power, the provincial
minister responsible for post secondary education, said students' worries are few. If students cannot afford education, they can look to the
government for financial assistance.
"This province has the best student aid programme in Canada,"
he said. More than 10,000 students
in Newfoundland and Labrador
receive student assistance. Page 12
THE    UBYSSEY
Thursday, March 27, 1986
Province newspaper trivializes arms race
By JANICE IRVING
The Province newspaper
trivializes coverage of nuclear disarmament issues, said a member of
the media committee of End the
Arms Race, Wednesday.
Brenda Milne told a dozen UBC
students that the Province style is
"bold headlines with little detail."
But the Province's Editor Bob
McMurray feels the paper doesn't
trivialize nuclear disarmament
issues.
"We report on a variety of events
about nuclear disarmament," he
said,   admitting   however,    "A
tabloid like the Province doesn't get
into a great deal of depth on major
issues."
In a survey conducted over two
months, Milne subscribed to the
Province to see how the newspaper
covers nuclear disarmament. Most
of her research was based on Todd
Griffin's book The Whole World is
Watching, which focuses on the
media coverage of a radical student
movement in the '60s.
One of the worst examples of the
Province's trivialization of peace
issues was a headline exhibiting
"Peaceniks Marching".
In the Dec. 19, 1985 letter she
sent to the Province giving the
' reasons she had requested a refund
for her subscription, Milne said "I
am dissatisfied with the Province
because it does not cover the important issue of disarmament in the
way that it should. In fact, the
coverage seems so biased at times
that it almost has to be a matter of
deliberate editorial policy."
Of the two dozen articles on
nuclear disarmament screened during two months, half had been
negative, slanted and biased, said
Milne. "It's the process of selection
which is biased," said Milne, noting
journalists covering these stories are
not to blame.
"Nor can the wishes of Province
journalists be completely ignored,"
Milne said in the letter. "I recognize
the bylines of people who used to
write for the Ubyssey. Then they
wrote long and passionately about
the issues that concerned them.
Given the opportunity I am sure
they would want to do so again."
"Something like Star Wars is a
terrible thing," Milne said. "But
it's only when someone more credible (than concerned citizens) says
that that people listen."
Milne is a former coordinator for
the local branches Physicians for
Social Responsibility and the
United Nations Association.
At the end of her speech, Milne
made a plea for fair media
coverage. "It's important to devote
articles to give voice to individuals
and groups," she said.
Caldicott returns to inspire
Inquiry lacks clear goal
"Do you want your babies to live
or do you want them to vaporize?"
That was the question Dr. Helen
Caldicott asked 3,500 people during
an inspirational speech at UBC in
November 1984.
Helen Caldicott — physician,
author, film star, mother — returns
to UBC next Thursday evening to
speak for nuclear disarmament and
against the controversial Strategic
Defence Initiative or Star Wars program.
Gary Marchant, vice president of
the Vancouver-based disarmament
coalition End the Arms Race, said
"Dr. Caldicott is the most inspirational spokesperson for disarmament in the world."
The last time Caldicott spoke at
UBC she related her discussion of
the arms race with U.S. president
Reagan and described him as
paranoid and horribly misinformed.
"I left the White House clinically
More men than women
gained Challenge '85 jobs
OTTAWA (CUP) — More men
than women got private sector jobs
last summer through the federal
employment subsidy scheme,
Challenge '85.
The ministry of Employment and
Immigration released a study this
month showing women represented
only 37.2 per cent of private sector
job recipients in the summer
employment experience development programme, a section of
Challenge '85, last summer.
According to the study, the
private sector lagged a full 14.6 per
cent behind the average number of
women hired through the programme. Non-profit groups and
municipalities also received SEED
grants to hire summer students.
Although the application forms
contained a clause encouraging
employers to hire women, disabled
people, natives and visible
minorities, there was no penalty for
ignoring the recommendation.
Sandra Kearns, a public affairs
officer at employment and immigration admitted the private sector "didn't respond well to the
clause", but denied employers were
discriminating against female
students.
"We don't think the private sector is not doing their bit, we just
think they might not be doing as
much as they could," she said.
Kearns said Challenge '86 applications are more specific in the
request that employers hire disadvantaged students. This year's affirmative action clause states
employers receiving $10,000 or
more in grants "may be contacted
by a programme official . . . with
respect to the hiring of women,
disabled people, natives and visible
minorities."
But extra programme officials
have not been hired by the ministry
and Kearns said she didn't know
how often regular programme officials would be set to check on
employers.
Janet Simpson, assistant to
Liberal employment critic Warren
Allmand, says the clause is still too
soft on the private sector.
"The legislation needs to have
teeth," she said.
Anne Marie Turcotte, researcher
for the Canadian Federation of
Students, said private sector
employers, subsidized by the
government, should be considered
as doing business, with the government.
"Technically the ministry should
be able to legislate private sectors
who get SEED grants," she said.
But Turcotte says it's unlikely the
government will force the
employers to comply because it
wants private sector involvement in
students' employment at any price.
shocked," she said.
Marchant said Caldicott's new
speech should be hard-hitting and
address a key block to multilateral
muclear disarmament.
"Star Wars is important because
it represents a serious escalation of
the arms race. At the same time a
serious defeat for Star Wars could
knock the rest of the pins over," he
said.
When Caldicott arrives in Vancouver on Wednesday, she will have
just concluded a seven month tour
of Asia and Europe, and will be
starting a six month tour of North
America.
Caldicott's speech takes place in
the War Memorial Gym at 7:30
p.m. and is co-sponsored by AMS
Speakers and End the Arms Race.
Tickets are $6 for students,
available at the AMS box office or
$8 at the door.
The MacDonald Commission of
Inquiry into the Canadian economy
was hindered by a lack of a clear
objective, by internal organizational problems, and by a consistently negative media, said one of
its research directors Wednesday.
"The task was highly uncertain in
its definition because of its vague
and ambiguous mandate," said
Alan Cairns to 20 people in BUCH
323.
Cairns, a UBC Political Science
professor, said the lack of a clear
goal combined with public hostility
led to problems within the Commission.
The Commission was "treated
scathingly by the press," said
Cairns, adding the constant referral
to the chair as "Donald — $800 a
day — MacDonald" and other such
media stabs were "psychologically
quite upsetting".
Cairns also said the "absence of
resolution had a major influence on
the research. You did a lot of things
just in case it would end up in the
report. By the end, we were drowning in research."
Another problem, Cairns said,
was the geographical one. "Inconsistencies and obfuscation apparent
in the report are somewhat due to
the fact that not everyone was in
Ottawa all the time, but scattered
all across the country", said Cairns.
Cairns said the $20 million, 72
volume, 2000 page report rests on
"the underlying assumption that
the world is Darwinian in nature."
"We must improve, become leaner,
tougher, more economical, and the
state must facilitate adjustment,
rather than retard it," he said.
Cairns said the three-year Commission took a long-term approach
to the state of the economy, one
which is set to "advise the Canadian people on the next half-
century."
Crisp kSchnappy
^v;C\;'¥a
li&'fe.
After your favourite activity schnapp over to a couple
of fresh alternatives. Peppermint Schnapps and new Orange Schnapps,
two cool blasts of freshness. So what are you waiting for?
HIRAM WALKER SCHNAPPS
TASTE THE DIFFERENCE Thursday, March 27, 1986
THE    UBYSSEY
Page 13
Northern Ireland strife
could be prevented
By GERRY DAVIDSON
My first sights of Northern
Ireland were out of a tourist
bulletin. Fields of green, hedgerows
making patterns on the lampscape,
quaint farm houses. The streets
were packed with lunch time traffic.
My eyes glanced in every direction, ears listening to everyone's
voices, accents and conversations.
For three dollars and eighteen cents
Canadian a night, I stayed at
Queens Universiy residence.
During the walk to the residence I
began to notice burnt out shops,
graffiti like "UDR SUCKS",
"RUG TO DIE", "INLA" and
"IRA will set Ireland free."
I had only heard of one group
called the IRA. Who were the rest?
It didn't take long^to compare
Belfast with Beruit
volving
military
defence
On a
group of
armored Land Ri
swung out the bai
r, talking with a.
Idren a series of
vers pass, guns
?ors.
perspectives
The troops looked realfenough
carrying FN LNG's, SNl^s and
flak jackets.
I spent a week wandepagisfaming
and reading all the^fpers I could
find. Local campaign material was
also abundant j|SsAeries of local
elections wezgfjjp progress. All the
parties werMvery supportive of my
Into the conflict,
soldiers,
cunosit
Police
members%#PNfe™H[]l\ (jjjthink),
punks, children andfold rpspf added some comment,\|h^stoies of
family deaths were very prevflent.
People were incredibly fi
wherever I walked. ShopkeeplTs of
fered extra scones, company for tea
was easy to find and lots of people
on park benches to talk with
However, one little boy threw
rock at me and yelled 'F-ck off
British Bastard."
An old man in a protestant
neighbourhood mentioned from hi:
front steps "Don't be wai
around these parts, to many Jigns
of the troubles. Be on your wy.
Bars, newspapers and y^uth ex
plained the differences j^rfactions
where allegiances lay^and
ferences beween INL
USF, RUC, UDR and §\e Provos
(IRA). RUC stands fojfthe Royal
Ulster Constabulaj^r a military
fashioned police foTJge whose role is
to combat unrest inlthe populace.
A naStoaper J&PPjll from the
Irisii^depifiKfeJrttmemioned of an
JC constable charged with
lanslaughter in the plastic bullet
3e^!fa:85^*%n3jyplte'ing a political
ifyT Sinn jS/k councillors in the
current elecjlons accused the RUC
of terrorJKrctics in dealings with the
natiaggjjfst members of the local
co^nunity.
history of the RUCg*||pes
shfw that religious faiJ^hfWenSed
to ffl^^^ffi%^^^^rgi6minantly
protestant. Catho^ielPnave opted
out of service orfeft the ranks whe#
pressured bjjChe^lHrfiiand social influences.   j|s***"
The UDR is the Ulster Defense
Regiment. A component in thjg
British Army and lfcated in^ffor-'
thern Ireland in ordCT*tW1fiaintain
control of the population.
In the Belfast Telegraph an
advertisement for the UDR explains
its roles and purpose, "a vital fully
functional part of her Majesty's
Forces, we're here to defend the nation's interests." This poster even
^.. y.
included that the Russians were impressed with the quality of the regiment.
The UDR advertises a motto
"Ready and Waiting," and in my
opinion, is based on their confidence as a well trained unit of
soldiers living in a combat environment that happens to involve the
peoples of Ireland's six norther
counties.
The unit boasts its reputation as
the most experienced in NATO,
and this could also be a justification
for their continued presence on
Irish soil. The reform of the UDR is
on the agenda of the Anglo-Irish
talks, and a newspaper article in the
Irish Times recounted some of the
regiments current history.
A morbid report lists that eleven
i members   of   the   Ulster
DefenceiRegiment have been con-
cted*ffF para-military activities,
membership in the UVF, murder,
bombings, machine gun slayings
and sectarian offences.
IRA represents the Irish Republic
Army. There motto is "Soldiers are
we, whose lives are pledged for
Ireland." Historically, the IRA was
successfuljn the 1916 uprising, winning tlaf freedom of twenty-six
countisfand the creation of Erie
(Irela
Jromthe 1916era, P.
5te before his execu-
the British Army, "The
fools, the fools, the fools, they have
left us our Fenian dead and while
Ireland holds these graves Ireland
unfree shall never be at peace." An
accurate premonition as there has
been no peace in Norther Ireland
since 1916.
Current activities of the IRA concentrate with the harassment of the
British Forces of Occupation. The
INLA is a left-wing off shoot of the
IRA. The Irish National Liberation
Army is a recent para-military
group whose targets include British
soldiers, people of English descent^,
people who by their religioi
protestant and so supporters
Church of England, and anjsi
contacted with the loyalisji*TOOvi
ment. j
Provos stands for the JSrovincial
IRA. A furth|JN^fj|h<Mirof the na-
tionali|^j)^-mnTliry factions.
UVRJt a protestant based faction
o&tmrihe Ulster Volunteer Force.
Activities include harassment of the
republican forces, the Catholic
minority and recently even the
RUC.
The overall ratio of deaths in
Northern Ireland since 1969 was
published in The Irish Times.
Statistics   listed   2,400   victims,
62.4% killed by the IRA, INLA,
and Provos, victims being from all
the groups concerned and innocent
citizens. Twenty-six per cent of the
victims were killed by the loyalist
forces, UDA, UVF and RUC. The
final 11.6"Vo of the victims killed by
the state security forces, UDA and
RUC. A total of 88.4% killed were
by the hands of armed citizens.
Whether considered soldiers or
terrorists or just punks in a street
riot this is a clear sign that these
people have elevated their cause
above the level that respects the
human life. As mentioned at first
meeting all seemed very friendly,
but over a glass of guiness resentments were quick to flare up.
The following poem is by Patrick
Galvin, an IRA soldier who died on
a hunger strike for better prison
conditions in Maze Prison. A sad
poem that relates a great deal of
misery, pain, saddness and cruelty
felt by a people. "The Writing on
the Wall" is a letter to a British
soldier on Irish soil.
Soldier, you did not ask to come
here, we know that.
You obey orders, we know that.
You have a wife, a sweetheart, a
mother, we know that.
And you have children, we know
that too.
But soldier where you stand then
is death.
Where you walk there is a burn
ing wound.
Where you sleep there ismgyggg^:
and the earth^gaw^^fnrough a
nightmare of Wgod. ^#j.
whej]y§>ou die <Jog#
:.*;i
in you came to this lan
>u came to understand,
lier,  we are tired  of your
landing,   tired   of   English
troops on Irish soil.
Tired of your knock on the door,
tired of the rifle-butt on the head.
Tired of the jails, the gas, the
beatings, in dark corners.
Soldier, we are tired of the peace
you bring to Irish bones.
Tired of the bombs, exploding in
our homes, tired of the rumble,
growing in the streets.
Tired of the deaths of old friends,
tired of tears and funerals —
Those endless, endless funerals.
Soldier, when you came to this
land you said you came to understand.
TrF;'
■'>«*-.
*<J     It
■tes
V   .-
Is this your^BBderstanainc/
We dream he*. <*^
We dream tlfit this land is*bur
land.
That one dayllatholic and Protestant, Believer aid Non-believer
will stand here, an%dream as Irish
men and women.
We dream of £ green land
without death, a newlpence descending, a silence of peafe.
And this dream,\we dream,
soldier, without you.i
That is our understanding.
Go home, soldier.
Your presence here dlstroys the
air, your smile disfigureslus.
Go home, soldier befo|e we send
you home Dead.
A major concern
Irish talks indicates t
The motion for the c
the RUC and UDR
by the Irish governmei
were that these
tension as a sectarj
the conflict. A s
was the use
peace keepin,
ruled this unn
ings   with   intei"
blems.
I believe
force would
fas
the Anglo-
resentment,
bandment of
suggested
Its reasons
increase the
influence in
;ested solution
nited Nation's
Britain has
ssary in her deal-
al   security   pro-
UN
peace keeping
ve as an excellent
ween, Characterized by
is \f deferent nationalities,
fereadated by religious faith
ith a clear mandate to
e, to reduce tension and
in peace.
| say out with the mentality of
19th century British colonialism.
With the Anglo-Irish talks, Ireland
once again has a chance to be free,
32 counties under Irish rule, and
peace to a land whose people
overflow in warmth, love and life.
To end, I pray that St. Patrick
will bless the peoples of Northern
Ireland and the peoples of Ireland
and the peoples of England. For
they need an awareness that enables
peoples and nations to govern their
own lives, lands and cultures free of
military oppression.
Gerry Davidson is a former UBC
science student now studying at
Capilano college and St. Mark's
College. He retains an interest in
the Emerald Isle. Page 14
THE    UBYSSEY
Thursday, March 27,1986
A Chorus Lina, one singular sensation of a
musical, better than Song of Norway, Briga-
doon, and No, No, Nanette all performed in
one afternoon in a park-like setting, this is the
show in which Debbie Lo, The Ubyssey's
musical editor, intends to one day wear that
gold lame jogging suit she bought last week,
but until then she will pursue other activities
such as attending the April 1 performance at
The Queen E Playhouse where audience
members will recognize her by the sparkling
gold top hat she will be wearing, and which
she will refuse to remove even if asked politely
by the gentle person behind her, because she
knows all the words to all the songs, and will
be singing harmonies all evening except for
What I Did for Love in which she will carry the
melody line, and Debbie wants everybody to
know that the show opens March 29, and
runs until April 26, and the curtain is at 8 p.m.,
but be there early to practice songs, and there
are no shows on Sundays, and you can get information at 872-6622, or tickes at 280-4444.
The Erpingham Campu, a holiday camp for
adults only where sing-alongs break into a
burlesque beat and field trips are frenzied riots
where the campers storm the director's office,
the kids over at Langara'* silly little two-year
Studio SB theatre program invariably produce
shows better than most professional and campus productions because they are progressive, interesting, unlabotimized, and produce plays written since the war of 1812, this
show is at Studio 58, (Langara Campus, 100
W. 49th, 324-5227), Tuesday through Sunday
at 8 p.m., Sundays at 2:30 p.m. too. until
April 13.
Aa Is, the story of a young New York writer
who contracts AIDS and who, with the support of friends, family, and the support of his
close friend learns to confront his disease with
dignity, wry humour, and a refusal to despair,
Arts Club Seymour Street (684-1644),
previes March 26 to 29, opens March 31,
Monday to Friday at 8:30 p.m., Saturdays at
6:30 p.m. and 9:30 p.m.
Mothers and Fathers, the story of a mature,
liberated, rational, childless couple who
advertise for a womb to rent, City Stage (751
Thuriow St.. 688-1436). until April 19. at 8:30
p.m., half-price Saturday matinees.
Romeo and Juliet, the bizarre recollections
of a sexually-obsessed Elizabethan playwright
whose death by suicide as an adolescent
might have saved us all from Lear in 201, but
those painful adolescent memories serve
Carousal's special interpretation (costumes
from Bootlegger's spring collection) well,
Waterfront Theatre (Granville Island,
686-6217), at 8 p.m., Monday to Saturday,
with Saturday matinees at 1 p.m., until March
29.
viewing days for Vancouver Art Gallery
members only. Tickets $3.50 per member,
available at any VTC/CBO outlet or by phone
at 280-4444. Friday and Saturday, April 4 and
5, 10 a.m. to 6 p.m. at the Vancouver Art
Gallery (750 Hornby St.).
Making History: Recent Art of the Pacific
West, which showcases art of this region. Friday, April 4, 8 p.m. at the Vancouver Art
Gallery. Present your membership card for
admission.
All Star Science, a dynamic series of
demonstrations by the best of Vancouver's
science showpeople plays Saturday, March
29, through to Sunday, April 6. Arts.
Scianca and Technology Centra. 600 Granville St. (687-8414).
Images For the World, an exhibition which
reconciles European and west coast Indian
art. Opening at the Vancouver Art Gallery,
750 Hornby Street, March 29 to May 19.
'fil&Z/l
Colours  of Resistance,  an exhibition  of
handmade   Guatemalan   weavings   at   The
Native Center (285 E. 5th at Scotia) from
April 3-6, hours 1-9 p.m. Admission is free.
For   more   information   call   872-5305   or
255-6873.
The  Dutch World  of Painting,  advance
TODAY
LE CLUB FRANCAIS
Lunch hour meeting, noon. International house
lounge.
AMS CYCLING CLUB
General meeting, 11:30 e.m.. SUB 212.
UBC AMATEUR RADIO SOCIETY
Bob Smite. VE7EMD, presents talk on the role of
amateur radio in the provincial emergency program, noon. Brock had annex 356.
CHINESE STUDENTS' ASSOCIATION
Chineee painting class, noon, Asian centre 604.
PRE-DENTAL SOCIETY
No meeting, best of luck with finals, see you in
September.
MARANATHA CHRISTIAN CLUB
8ible study and discussion, 7 p.m., 1868 Knox
Rd.
LATIN AMERICAN SOLIDARITY COMMITTEE
Meeting with invited guest speaker on peace
march in Central America, noon, SUB 205.
UBC DEBATING SOCIETY
General meeting, noon, SUB 125.
CHINESE STUDENTS' ASSOCIATION
General meeting, 1:30 p.m., SUB 212.
UBC PERSONAL COMPUTING CLUB
Last meeting, pick up latest newsletter, noon,
Hebb 12.
CHRISTIAN SCIENCE ORGANIZATION
Bible reading and testimony meeting, everyone
welcome, noon, SUB 211.
BALLET UBC JAZZ
Drop ins at $5, 8:30-10 a.m., noon, 2:30-4 p.m.,
SUB partyroom.
CAMPUS CRUSADE FOR CHRIST
"Jesus" film showing, two hour documentary of
the life of Christ. 12:25 p.m., Buch A100.
POLITICAL   SCIENCE   STUDENTS'   ASSOCIATION
Svend Robinson, noon, Buch A106.
FRIDAY
LE CLUB FRANCAIS
Lunch hour meeting, noon. International
house lounge.
LUTHERAN CAMPUS MINISTRY
Worship,  7:30 p.m.,   Lutheran campus
centre.
BALLET UBC JAZZ
Last day of classes, drop ins at $5, 8:30-10 a.m.
— SUB partyroom, noon — SUB plaza south.
SUNDAY
MARANATHA CHRISTIAN CLUB
Worship service, 10 a.m., UBC daycare gym,
2B45 Acadia Rd.
LUTHERAN CAMPUS MINISTRY
Easter eucharist, 10 a.m., Lutheran campus centre.
UBC ARCHERY CLUB
First year end Easter bunny shoot, everyone
.Tlsl*
UBC BOWMEN present
Our First Annual Year-End
"EASTER BUNNY NOVELTY SHOOT"
EVERYONE WELCOME
(Non-members $3)
LOTS OF PRIZES
This is a Carnival Round—Anyone can win.
So take a break from your studies and come
nab a bunny!
SUNDAY, MARCH 30-The Armouries
7:30-11 p.m. (Registration: 7:30-8 p.m.)
No equipment or experience necessary
Dependable
(di*pen#da#bul)adj. 1. trustworthy
2. reliable 3. responsible 4. Kinko's
FREE SELF-SERVICE TYPING AVAILABLE
FOR A LIMITED TIME
IBM-SELECTRIC
kinko's
5706 University Blvd.      222-1688
MTh 8-9 F 8-6 Sat 10-6 Sun 11-6
welcome, non members $3. Notice to members,
shirts are in, brief meeting at 7 p.m., shoot
7:30-11 p.m., registration 7:30-8:X p.m., Armouries.
THURSDAY
MARANATHA CHRISTIAN CLUB
Bible study and fellowship, 7 p.m., 1868 Knox
Rd.
STUDENTS FOR PEACE AND MUTUAL
DISARMAMENT
Dr. Helen Caldicott: "Stop star wars — stop the
arms race", 7:30 p.m.. War Memorial gym.
UBC
The  eateri
1 FREE DINNER s?£al
This is a terrific deal I Bring a friend or a sweetie, purchase 2 of
the daily specials and receive the least expensive one FREE.
This coupon applies to daily specials only, isn't valid for takeout or with any other coupon. HAVE A GREAT DAY!
3431 WEST BROADWAY
738-5298
END THE ARMS RACE and A.M.S. SPEAKERS present:
DR. HELEN CALDICOTT
STOP STAR WARS - STOP THE ARMS RACE
Thursday, April 3rd, 7:30 p.m.
WAR MEMORIAL GYM, U.B.C.
Tickets: $6 — Students and Seniors
$7 — General Admission
(plus the ticket centre service charge)
Available at AMS Box Office
$8 - At the Door
Charge by phone:
280-4444
THE CLASSIFIEDS
RATES: AMS Card Holders - 3 lines, 1 day $2.50; Additional lines, 60c. Commercial - 3 lines,
1 day $4.50; Additional lines, 70c. Additional days, $4.00 and 65c.
Classified ads are payable in advance. Deadline is 10:30 a.m. the day before publication.
Publications, Room 266, S.U.B., UBC, Van., B.C. V6T2A5 B3DI
Charge Phone Orders Over $10.00 - Call 228-3977  lu^f3
COMING EVENTS
30 - JOBS
THE VANCOUVER INSTITUTE
Free Public Lecture
The Rt. Hon. Sir John
Donaldson
Master of the Rolls,
Court of Appeal, England
THE COURTS: THE
CITIZEN'S NON-NUCLEAR
DETERRENT
Saturday, March 29
Lecture Hail 2, Woodward
Building, 8:15 p.m. Free
PART-TIME work now, full-time in
summer. $5/hour. Sales skills helpful. Brian
Gold, College-Pro, 879-4105.
35 - LOST
LOST! Men's gold Citizen quartz watch,
March 21, Sedgewick Library, lower
washroom. Rewardl Paul, 536-3327.
40 - MESSAGES
11 - FOR SALE - Private
IBM-APPLE-MAC PROG. $5-$20/disc.
Academy Software. #17—712 Robson St.
681-4184.
ONE-WAY FLIGHT - Vancouver to Toronto
leaving April 30. $150. Call Mike at
224-9431.
20% OFF USED BOOKS (floor models)
from now until 4th April when the "Prop"
will close for 5 mths. while the manager
buys in Europe. Proprioception Books, 1956
W. Broadway. 734-4112. Open 2-6
Mon.-Sat. Park in rear betw. Maple Et
Cypress.
27 FOOT WILDERNESS travel trailer -
fully self contained, comfortable living
quarters for 1-4 people. Put it in a back yard
& pay for it during Expo. Best offer.
325-3683.
ONE-WAY FLIGHT, female, Ottawa-Vancouver, April 30. $225. Please call 224-9229.
GURDJIEFF OUSPENSKY CENTRES now
accepting students. 988-2097.
PLEASE HELP! Anyone witnessing the car
accident on Wed., Mar. 19/86 at approx.
4:45 p.m. in the intersection of East Mall &
Thunderbird Blvd. between a BMW & a
Chevette please contact Joyce at 946-9303.
70 - SERVICES
PREGNANT?? 731 1122
-free tests - confidential help 731-1122.
MOTHER OF 1 CHILD available to babysit
evenings or days, my home. Also avail, thru
May to Oct. Refs. 876-7775.
YOUR PARTIES got no hum to their
drums? Pick up the beat by calling
228-3017. CITR mobile sound delivers the
best dance music & rock 'n roll cheap.
20 - HOUSING
ARE YOU LOOKING for a quiet rural summer retreat? Consider: delightful cottage,
all amenities, on 50 acre hobby farm, 30
miles north of Kamloops. $60/month; occassional caretaking duties. Available June
to Oct. May consider monthly renter also.
Ph. 1-672-5540.
University Hill United
and Presbyterian
congregations
invite you to join us in
worship Sunday mornings at
10:30 a.m. in the Epiphany.
Chapel Vancouver School
of Theology.
6060 Chancellor Boulevard
30 - JOBS
80 - TUTORING
SUMMER JOB TREE PLANTING.
Nomadic Silviculture is hiring for this summer. May 1-July 1 and Aug. 1-30. Camp
and Cooks, Avg. price 12c/tree. Experience
preferred. Ph. 733-6975.
"NANNIES" temp. pos. available 2-5 mos.
Call for info. Greater Vancouver Nanny
Network, 273-7222.
SUMMER PAINTING: Male & female
enthusiastic, pleasant personality, will train,
must have car. $5-7/hr. Ph. Drew,
732-6292, 5-7 p.m.
SUMMER WORK: Make $2000/month.
Call for interview, info, at 926-5651.
THE BLUE PARROT Cappuccino Bar in
Granville Island Public Mkt. is looking for
employees for possible summer or part-time
work. Students who are returning to UBC
next Sept. are invited to send resumes to:
1689 Johnston St., Box 108, Vane, B.C.
V6R 3H9.
BABYSITTER for 3 & 5 year old. 1-6 p.m.
Mon.-Thurs. Immediately. References required. 734-5589. Ph. after 9 p.m.
FIND A TUTOR
BE A TUTOR
Register at
SPEAKEASY
Mon.-Fri.
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THE    UBYSSEY
Page 15
B.C.'s angry poor might rise
From page 3
the daily practical survival of people
and preservation of the land.
"All of this represents a kind of
theology of the most basic of the
people — so that struggle is going
on inside the church.
"And I think the people in the
Third World look upon us in the
developed countries to be waging
that kind of battle because we're all
part of the controlling structure.
"What's going on in the church
right now is a powerful process of
self-examination and self-criticism
and attempts to reform those structures," says Ray.
RAY SCHULTZ BELIEVES
that Liberation Theology could
have a role to play in British Columbia. He sees it as an appropriate
model to use in dealing with Native
concerns: people's indigenous
rights to the land and the way in
which we respect their culture and
their religion.
"But I think that Liberation
Theology can also address the incredible poverty that we are permitting to occur in B.C. — poverty
which in spite of all that the government says is continuing to grow,
and there seems to be some kind of
tacit acceptance of that poverty in
B.C. that I find alarming.
"My concern is, because we
don't have clear value systems
anymore, we don't know how to
give value to individual people's
lives, and we don't know how to
give value to that in a social way so
that we are motivated politically
and economically to respond to
this.
"Liberation Theology says that
'we cannot ignore these people, that
to ignore them is to be against
God'," he says.
Liberation Theology would not
only serve to give value and self-
esteem to the poor, but it would
also give them a powerful voice for
the first time.
"One of the phenomena of the
poor is that they're not a very
powerful political entity (right
now): they're easily swayed, they're
suffering the kind of low self-image
and  depression  that  comes  from
prolonged poverty, living on
welfare and feeling that there isn't a
future.
"But these base communities give
these people a means of analysis, of
critiqueing their situation: they provide them with spiritual reason for
thinking that they have value as individuals which they've lost and so,
through that kind of a process, they
can be motivated to act, to
organize, to demonstrate," says
Schultz.
The base community serves to
empower the individual by arousing
people's consciousness.
"A popular word in Liberation
Theology is "conscientization".
That means arousing people's consciousness at the individual stage
but also corporately to make one
assume responsibility for one's people and so it also has something to
do with conscience.
"So consciousness and conscience creates people who are
prepared to take responsibility for
their own lives, again," says
Schultz.
He is not aware of any base communities in British Columbia, but
he feels that any move in that direction would be good.
And once the poor, the homeless,
the jobless and the hungry in B.C.
find their voices, then we will see
that the resources which the poor
are being told are non-existent will
quickly materialize to address their
needs.
Or else watch out.
Trike race 'tasteless'
From page 11
"tasteless" and published an example of the type of answers the forms
elicited from Trike Race participants:
Q. How do you serve a Kiwi
Fruit?
A. With your ass to the wall.
Q. What is your favorite animal?
A. Wimmin who don't talk back.
The LSA Executive later
withdrew two questions it felt were
aimed at eliciting anti-gay response.
The Trike Race is not an LSA sponsored event.
Third year law student Kevin
Robb, who moved the amendment
for ratification, said law students
"copped out" when they were
given a chance to strike out
discrimination.
"Law students should be exemplary," said Robb after the
amendment was defeated. "These
people who voted against this clause
will be future judges and legislators.
That's a little frightening."
Robb dismissed arguments that
the amendment would give arbitrary censorship power to the
LSA as "spurious." The structure
of the LSA, claims Robb, would
not allow abuse. He said the
amendment would actually limit the
LSA's powers by "telling them
what they can't do —
discriminate."
Robb complained that the
amendment will be "diffused"
when it is examined by the constitutional committee.
"We got the typical Canadian
response — send it back to a commission," said Robb. "That way
the issue will be diffused and when
it comes back to a vote, no one will
give a shit."
"The real impetus to entrench
the clause was during this week."
LSA president Kim Thome gave
assurances that the amendment
would be reconsidered for another
vote in the fall, adding the general
consensus among law students
would support the inclusion of a
human rights clause.
"On the face of it, people could
misinterpret what happened
today," said Thorne. "Despite the
vote, I feel that the majority of law
students are in favour of this clause.
However, most students were worried that the amendment would be
too vague and open to abuse. Law
students as a group realize the
danger of endowing the LSA with
plenary power without strict control and definition of that power."
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>FFEg GOODANyOAY UNTit Page 16
THE    UBYSSEY
Thursday, March 27, 1986
Poll says liberated women free of jobs
By CATHERINE BAINBRIDGE
Canadian University Press
MONTREAL — Magazine ads
say feminists are smart, liberated
women — on their way up the corporate ladder. But in the real world,
businessmen don't want feminists.
Female MBA graduates who let
their prospective employers know
they are feminists are not likely to
get hired, according to a recently
released study by two American
business researchers entitled
"Forewarned is Forewarned."
Dr. Michael Hitt and Dr. William
Zikmund, former colleagues at
Oklahoma State University, conducted a U.S.-wide research blitz
sending 200 companies in a cross-
section of fields resumes of two
MBA candidates, both feminists.
When contacted by CUP, Hitt,
now director of Texas A and M's
management school, said the fin
dings of the study were easily applicable to Canadian women.
Some of the reasons made reference
to doctoral theses done by the candidates on job discrimination
against women. Others didn't.
Among these resumes, some included only the initials and surnames of
the candidates (leaving open the
possibility that the candidate was
male).
Hitt and Zikmund found that
resumes using initials, not names,
received the same number of
responses whether the job
discrimination thesis was mentioned, or not.
But when the resume clearly indicated that the candidate was
female, she got more than twice as
many positive responses when the
thesis was left out.
"We concluded that companies
were interested in hiring women,
but they were not interested in
women who showed interest in job
discrimination," said Hitt.
"The natural assumption is that
these companies don't want someone who potentially might take a
look at issues that could create problems," he said. "You have equal
pay issues, comparable worth. Someone with an interest in feminism
might question a company's prac
tices."
In other words, feminist can
equal troublemaker and she should
be avoided regardless of her
qualifications for the job.
Dr. Irene Devine, associate professor of Management is not surprised by the study's findings.
She is presently researching how
companies are organized and how
women fit into them.
"All organizations in society are
fashioned    after    the    male
experience," she said. "Women,
with their own patterns of communication and styles of leadership,
are scary to men.
"They (men) say these differences are not as good. It's
minority," Devine said. "When
they don't understand them
(women and other minorities) they
tend to exaggerate the differences
and focus on them. So they favour
hiring people "just like us", she
said.
Devine said women's behaviour
gets labelled hysterical when she is
emotional and aggressive when
she's assertive. "When she's assertive on feminist issues, then she's
labelled hostile," Devine said.
Raymond Cote, director of
employment at the Montreal aircraft and arms manufacturer Pratt
and Whitney disagrees with the Hitt
and Zikmund findings.
"We hire the people most
qualified for the job," said Cote.
"If she is doing her job perfectly, it
doesn't matter that she is a member
of . . . whatever. We don't care
about that."
Cote said Prat and Whitney have
recently started a program to try
and hire more women.
According to Devine, women
rarely get influential positions in
corporations and are concentrated
in go-nowhere jobs such as human
resource people and personnel
workers.
Even the women who do make it
into influential positions suffer
from the way companies are
organized said Devine.
"Who wants to go out for drinks
with the guys and talk about football," she said. "But that's where
the decisions are being made."
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