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UBC Publications

UBC Publications

The Ubyssey Mar 11, 1977

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Array 600 rally against cutbacks
The B.C. Students' Federation
ally against education cutbacks
nd tuition increases drew 600
tudents Thursday to the Queen
Clizabeth Theatre plaza, including
50 UBC students.
Under sunny skies, the
lemonstrators listened to
musicians and speeches, including
i fiery attack on the Social Credit
[overnment by Vancouver-Centre
OLA Emery Barnes.
Students from all over the Lower
Mainland marched a block from
he Vancouver Vocational Institute
o the plaza. The rally was
(receded by partially-successful
:lass boycotts at Simon Fraser
Jniversity, Douglas College and
Capilano College.
The students cheered throughout
he rally, which was similar to
JBC's rally last week.
New Democrat Barnes read
rom Hansard a promise by
>remier Bill Bennett to meet with
itudents, a promise which Barnes
Students at Thursday's B.C.
Students' Federation rally were
cautiously optimistic about the
protest's effect in stopping
education cutbacks and tuition fee
The feeling of some students
attending was that it could not hurt
o try influencing the provincial
.jAvernment, though they doubted
the rally would.
The protestors were disappointed at the low turnout of 600
students and hoped the fight would
continue with rallies in Victoria.
Many students interviewed said
they would be seriously affected by
tuition increases when they return
to school next year.
Students from UBC, Simon
Fraser University, Langara
College, Douglas College, Capilano
College and Vancouver high
schools attended the rally.
Most protestors interviewed said
continued opposition to the
government's education policies is
needed to change those policies.
"I think that the whole basis
behind democracy is to make noise
and things will get changed. We
should spread the word basically
and perhaps get labor behind us,"
said UBC student Rob Whittome,
arts 2.
Students liked the idea of going
to Victoria to protest.
"I'd like to see what would
happen if we went to (premier Bill)
Bennett's office," said Marj
Hackett, a second-year SFU
Dale Gausman, education 3 at
UBC,  suggested students   go   to
See page 5: STUDENTS
said took an hour of badgering in
the legislature to get.
"I'd be glad to squeeze them
(students) in any time," Barnes
quoted the premier as saying. "I'll
do without supper or lunch if they
want to meet me."
Earlier in the debate, Bennett
referred student complaints to the
B.C. Universities Council, which he
claimed has full control over
university budgets, Barnes said.
"You have been seriously victimized by a grand hoax," he said
of the election in which the Socreds
displaced   the   NDP   in   power.
"Bennett's son is worse than his
old man."
Referring to the Socred promise
to improve the economy, Barnes
said: "What they didn't say was
that it would be made off the backs
of the people and he (Bennett) took
people off their feet to put the
economy on its feet."
Barnes, who spoke at the UBC
rally last week, said: "When you
go out to find a job this summer,
you will find how severe the
unemployment is. Even if you do
get an education, you'll have a
problem getting jobs.
"If you play the games according to the Social Credit rules,
you're going to get nowhere. There
are an awful number of people who
don't know the rules and are
getting shafted."
He said unemployment in B.C. is
higher than the official figure of
120,000 and predicted it will get
See page 5: RALLY
—jon Stewart photo
DEMONSTRATORS CLAPPING ... at Thursday's rally against tuition fees, education cutbacks
Presidential candidate challenged
Dave Theessen, outgoing Alma
Mater Society president, Thursday
challenged the propriety of
commerce senator Gary Moore's
candidacy for the AMS presidency.
Theessen said Moore should not
be allowed to sit on the student representative assembly because he
was not elected to the new
assembly. The AMS president
must be an SRA member.
Moore's candidacy for the job
was also challenged by Moe Sihota,
the student member of the board of
governors who is also seeking the
Sihota and Moore each received
16 votes in the presidential election
at Wednesday's SRA meeting.
After the tie vote, nominations
were reopened and a new election
will be held Wednesday.
Moore is a member of the 1976-77
SRA as commerce student senator,
a position to which he was appointed by the commerce undergraduate society last year when
nobody ran for it.
He was appointed shortly before
he graduated from commerce, and
since September has been enrolled
in business administration
graduate school.
This year, the new commerce
undergraduate society appointed
Moore as commerce senator after
Theessen resigned.
Theessen said he tried for the
commerce senate position because
there were no other candidates.
When another candidate, Don
Turri, entered the race, Theessen
intended to drop out, he said, but
before he could do so Turri, ap
parently assuming he would lose to
Theessen, withdrew his name from
the election.
On Jan. 7, registrar Jack Parnall, who runs senate and board
elections, told Theessen in a letter
he had won the position by acclamation.
Two weeks later Theessen
In a letter to Parnall, Theessen
recommended that Turri be acclaimed, but Parnall said the
commerce undergraduate society
See page 5: GARY
Ream yourself to health, says cod oil salesman
Dale Alexander claims he has an idea that
could put an end to cancer, arthritis, skin
diseases, calcium deficiency and even the
common cold.
He believes this idea could add years to
the sex lives of North Americans and give
them soft thick hair, and smooth silky skin.
What is this wonder drug, this elixir, this
fountain of youth, you ask? Would you
believe cod liver oil?
Alexander, author of four books on
nutrition, told 50 people Wednesday that cod
liver oil, with proper assimilation of a raw
food diet, could cure many of the world's
more common diseases.
"Tie human body is a machine," he said.
"Like any machine, it needs lubrication
from oils. The most natural oil for the
human machine is cod liver oil."
According to Alexander, osteopaths and
dermatologists are the busiest people in the
medical profession.
"Arthritis and skin disease are the most
common ailments in society today, and they
are on the increase," he said.
All linings in the body benefit by
lubrication of cod liver oil, Alexander
claims. It improves eyesight, causes soft
yellow ear wax which decreases hearing
problems and women's chances of breast
cancer and lubricates dry arthritic joints.
"If you want to come up and feel my soft
smooth skin and look at my shiny healthy
hair after the lecture, you are certainly
welcome to," said Alexander. No one took
him up on the offer.
Alexander blames the absence of cod liver
oil in the North American diet primarily on
the medical profession. Due to the controlling influence of pharmaceutical
companies on the profession, doctors cannot
practice preventive medicine, he alleged.
Instead they prescribe drugs once a person
contracts a disease.
He attacked North Americans' habit of
drinking certain liquids with meals.
"The major problem with most meal time
drinks is that they do not mix properly
with the important oils in the food," he
Alexander said liquids suitable for
drinking with meals are those that are oil
based, such as milk or soup.
He said modern brands of skim and two
per cent milk are harmful because, being
mainly water based, they prevent
assimilation of fatty particles that are
important in lubrication of body parts.
Alexander said the cholesterol in milk and
meats stimulates the production of sex
"In fact the proper breast feeding of
babies in their earliest life will ensure a
healthy sex life in the future," he said.
He claims the problem with infant
nutrition is mothers feed their children from
bottles instead of their breasts.
He alleges this practice is one of the major
causes of homosexuality in North America
"As long as mothers continue to use
bottles in feeding their children,
homosexuality will continue to flourish," he
said. Page 2
Friday, March  11,  197
Hot flashes
Rankin speaks
noon today
Alderman Harry Rankin speaks
at noon today in the graduate
centre committee room.
Rankin is council's only
alderman from the Committee of
Progressive Electors and received
more   votes   in   last   November's
civic    election    than    any    other
aldermanic candidate.
Not surprisingly, Rankin is
speaking about civic politics.
Tommy here
Former NDP heavy Tommy
Douglas speaks today at noon in
the SUB auditorium.
Douglas  was NDP leader two
'Tween classes
Slide  show on  Nepal,  noon, Chem.
Hard  Times returns for more folk,
8:30 p.m., Lutheran campus centre.
Guest lecture, noon, Angus 223.
General meeting, noon, SUB 215.
Harry      Rankin     speaks     on     civic
politics,     noon,     Grad     Centre
Committee Room.
U.   of   Washington   prof  Jack   Duel
speaks on The Patrimonial Element]
In Early Man, 4:30 p.m., old Mech.
Eng. annex A, room 209.
Film   francais,    Les   Doites   dans   la
Tete, noon, Buch 106.
General meeting, noon, SUB 213.
Free   Cantonese  class,   noon,  Buch.
Exhibition:     A     Stitch     In     Time,
Monday to Friday, AMS art gallery.
General meeting, noon, SUB 251.
Executive   elections,    noon,    Angus
Tommy   Douglas  speaks  on  energy
policy, noon, SUB auditorium.
Meeting    on    the    future    of    the
women's    studies    program,    noon,
SUB 224.
Free   Cantonese    class,   noon,   Bu.
Sports   night    for    members,    7:30
P.m., winter sports centre.
Basketball tournament, 9 a.m. to 12
noon,   Britannia Secondary School.
Floor Hockey and gym night, 7:30
p.m., winter sports centre gym A
and E.
Professor of Classics
Cambridge University
One of the world's leading Greek
historians will analyze the system
of government that characterized
Athens at the height of the classical period.
8:15 p.m. Lecture Hall 2
Woodward IRC
Vancouver institute
lectures take place on
Saturdays at 8:15 p.m.
on the ubc campus
in lecture hall no. 2
instructional resources
admission to the general
public is free
Exhibit:  A Stitch in Time, Monday
to Friday, AMS art gallery.
General   meeting,   5:30   p.m.,   SUB
Practice,   4:30  to   6:30   p.m.,   SUB
party room.
General meeting, noon, SUB 261.
Lecture on  Soviet dissidents, noon,
Law 101-102.
General     meeting     and     executive
elections, noon, SUB 213.
Workers at the Daily Blah, the only
readable newspaper on this tiny
island kingdom, were gratified
today when Lenda Chowbucket
decided to desert to their
political generations ago and was
succeeded by David Lewis and
most recently, current leader Ed
Douglas' visit is sponsored by
the NDP club.
In a nutshell
Canadian poet Milton Acorn
reads his poetry Monday in
Buchan Tower 203.
Acorn won the Governor
General's poetry award in "1975
for his book The Island Means
He also won an "anti-Governor
General's award" in 1970 for
another book, I've Pasted My
Blood. The anti-award was given
him by Canadian poets who
thought he whould have won the
real award.
Acorn's visit is sponsored by
the English department.
takes the shame out of your
a family travel club. BC's
largest member of the
American Sunbathing Assoc.
Box 393, Surrey, BC.
Phone: 585-2663, 594-7916,
(or answering machine:
1. Science students attend S.U.S.
MARCH 16th 12:30
(Bzer Door Prizes)
See instructions in other Ad
Friday, March 11th
4:00-6:30 p.m.
Buchanan Lounge
Tuesday March 15th
(Minor Awards Presentation)
DINNER 7:00 P.M.
(Major Awards Presentation)
DISCO 9:00 P.M.
Admission S5.00 per person
Tickets available at
Room 203 War Memorial Gym
IS €1 g]E)E]G]G]E]E]B]E)E] E]gE]E]E]g] g]E]§]B]gE]E]B]E]E]G]E]G]E]B]EJE]E]E]E]|i
Call 228-9512/9513
4510 W. 10th Ave., Open 7 Days a Week 4 p.m. - 2 a.m.
IS [giaiaisigBiaiaisElaisElgislaigBigBiaiaBB EEEESEtgEElaiEJigia |i
Ifs the tops!
Now Canada's favourite
sloe gin has something
extra. Pour a jigger over
ice, add ginger ale, 7-Up,
soda... and suddenly it's
got a foamy head all its own.
It's a
RATES:    Campus - 3 lines, 1 day $1.50; additional lines 35c.
Commercial - 3 lines,  1 day $2.50; additional lines
50c. Additional days $2.25 and 45c.
Classified ads are not accepted by telephone and are payable in
advance. Deadline is 11:30 a.m. the day before publication.
Publications Office, Room 241, S.U.B., UBC, Vancouver.
5 — Coming Events
at the Bayshore, 1601 West Georgia,
Vancouver, B.C. March 11, 12 and 13.
Admission: $2.50; (Students $1.50);
Advance Tickets, $2.00; Children under 14 admitted Free. Student group
rates available. Phone 8744981. Daily
door prizes. Sponsored by Ben ZVI
Chapter of Hadassah.
10 — For Sale — Commercial
Marantz 4300  4-Channel  or
Stereo     $750
Pioneer   SA8500  Amp.   60   +   80
Watts      $335
Pioneer   SA9500 Amp.   80   +   80
Watts      $385
Thorens   TD145     $220
BSR Automatic McDonald
Turntable        $39
DUAL 919 Cassette Deck   $850
TEAC 2300S Deck Reel to Reel $489
Pioneer    TX9600    Top    of   line
Tuner  $339
Marantz 2225 25  + 25 Watt
Marantz 1040 20+20 Watt Amp. $175
Wharfedale   Receiver   30    +    30
Watts  $288
2(99  West   Broadway,   Vancouver
"The  Finest for Less"
35 - Lost
EMERALD  RING  —  Great sentimental
value.   Linda,  261-8252.   Reward.
40 — Messages
HELP — IF YOU SAW a late 1950's car
hit my red Chev. station wagon as I
was parking in Crescent Road in
front of the Faculty Club, please
call me at 228-1340 (home) or UBC
local 4358 or send a note to P. Busch,
Political Science Department, UBC
Please! I must have a witness.
ROVERS. Were you in scouting or interested in joining Rovers. Phone
Ed, 224-1272. __
65 — Scandals
SCIENCE STUDENTS! You have to eat
lunch anyway. Why not do it while
trying to win one of five cases of
little brown bottles (full) S.U.S. general meeting, March 16th, 12:30.
Hebb Theatre.
70 — Services
THE 6RIN BIN — Largest selection or
prints and posters in B.C. 3209 W.
Broadway (opposite Super Valu) Vancouver. 738-2311.
11 — For Sale — Private
1970 MGB-OT. Excellent condition, new
battery, fuel pump, muffler, rear
defog., radials. Good buy. Moving.
PIRELLI 165/70x13 summer tires, fit
Cortina, Datsun, etc. 50% worn. $30
each   OBO.   266-8123.
PIANO TUNING — Expert tuning and
repairs to all makes. Reduced rates
to students. Call Dallas Hinton 266-
8123 anytime.
Adams Photography, 731-2101, 14S9
West Broadway at Granville Street.
85 — Typing
FAST, ACCURATE TYPING. Rates reasonable. Phone 731-1807 after 12:00
noon. Campus drop-off and pick-up
available. Psychology, law and nursing  papers   a   specialty.
Selectric. Vancouver pick-up. Reasonable   rates.   986-2577.
DUAL T628 4-track tape deck. Excellent condition, complete -vith base
and  cover,  $175 OBO.  266-8123.
25 — Instruction
SPRING POTTERY classes at Peg's
Place Pottery School, 2780 Alma at
12th. 738-2912. Excellent instruction
in wheel throwing. 10 week courses
start April 12th. Registration day is
Saturday, April 2nd, 10:00 a.m.-5:00
30 — Jobs
artist to do rough sketch work of
people doing exercise showing movement. Call Susie,  736-7611.
term   papers,   etc.   Reasonable   rates.
My home, North Vancouver. 988-7228.
rates. Call Monica Thompson, 985-
and Mlarine. 266-5053.
80 — Tutoring
90 — Wanted
99 — Miscellaneous
Rent cabin day /week.  730-0174 arte. Friday, March 11, 1977
Page 3
Scab payoffs continue at SFU
Canadian University Press
Simon Fraser University employees who missed out on the
$175,000 bonus handed to their coworkers who ignored picket lines
during a strike at SFU last fall are
just concluding a restful stay at
Harrison Hot Springs.
The 32 administration assistants
did not number among the 165
workers who received amounts
ranging from $300 to $2,000 in
addition to regular pay for crossing
picket lines and working during a
seven-week strike by maintenance
So the SFU administration
decided to shell out $10,000 and
send the neglected picket line
crossers to the resort hotel for two
, two-and-a-half day seminars.
"The idea started following the
strike, when a number of people
didn't receive bonuses," administration vice-president Stan
Roberts said Thursday. "So we
found a way to kill two birds with
one stone by having a seminar."
And, according to several participants, the stone scored direct
hits on both birds.
"The rooms were so nice and the
food was superb," said Pamela
Parford, a communications
department worker.
Roberts said the junket is best
described as "a professional
development seminar for first-line
"It was for people who were
showing promise and indicating
their own ambition for responsibility," he said. "It seemed like a
seminar would be even more
valuable than a bonus, as it gives
them an opportunity to acquire
greater skills."
Reactions of the participants,
New committees begin
housing, food head hunts
With any luck UBC will have
permanent food and housing czars
before September.
The new food and housing head
selection committees have each
had preliminary meetings to lay
the groundwork about who is going
to control stomachs and beds on
There has not been a permanent
housing head for 18 months.
Michael Davis has been acting
director of residence since September, 1975, when former housing
head Leslie Rohringer suddenly
And food services head Robert
Bailey has resigned effective
March 31. Mary Stovell will be food
services acting director until the
selection committee chooses a new
Last spring the administration
decided to choose one director for
the combined departments of
housing and food services. But it
later decided to search for
separate heads for housing and
food services because the board of
governors was not impressed with
the short list of candidates the
selection committee submitted.
The selection committee consisted of students, faculty and
administration officials, and was
disbanded in September.
Erich Vogt, administration vice-
president of student and faculty
affairs, said Thursday: "We are
certainly looking for separate
heads for housing and food services."
The new housing head selection
committee will choose from applicants from across Canada, Vogt
said. The administration sent out
advertisements for the position in
February, he said.
"We want to decide this by the
end of April," said Bev Crowe,
committee member representing
the Alma Mater Society and Place
The housing head selection
committee is an advisory committee and reports to Vogt. Administration president Doug
Kenny then makes recommendations to the board.
Employee relations director Bob
Grant is the committee chairman,
Vogt said. There are three students
on the committee, one faculty
member and three other administration officials, he said.
Davis was not available for
comment Thursday, but has said in
September he is applying for the
reopened job competition.
TTie selection committee for food
services director comprises food
services committee members
except Bailey, said committee
chairman Byron Hender.
There are four students on the 10-
member committee.
AMS director of services Brent
Tynan said the committee is
looking for a person with experience in food services. He added: "It would be nice if they were
knowledgeable about UBC."
Food services   handles   $4.15
million worth of food a year, Tynan
Hender said the administration
has advertised in Vancouver and
Toronto for the director, but the
committee will continue advertising. He said the committee
has received 30 applications for the
Report on
UEL future
The provincial government
study team on the future of the
University Endowment Lands has
not completed its final report, a
team member said Wednesday.
Hayne Wai said the team has
written most of the report, which
will be sent to environment
minister Jim Nielsen, but cannot
estimate when it will be finished.
"We're still working. A lot of
writing has been done," he said.
The report will consist of
material the team has already
presented to the public during
forums, Wai said.
"We're trying to refine it, clarify
it. It's very important how we
present it," he said.
The team will report on the
Musqueam Indian band's land
claim of the UEL but will not make
and recommendations on the
claim, Wai said.
The final report will be about 50
pages with 150 pages of additional
information, he said.
Wai said Nielsen will decide
whether to make the report public.
however, indicated that the
seminar was not confined exclusively to acquiring technical
Parford said the seminar was "a
rewarding experience as it gave
each one a chance to examine each
other's duties, and also see how we
fit into the picture at SFU."
Parford said she appeared on a
"priorities list," which indicated
"those persons who were not
recognized or rewarded by the
special committee for their work
as first-line supervisors during the
One of the seminar organizers,
however, said Thursday it had
been planned before the strike
Personnel services director
Bruce Young said the retreat "has
been in the works since July, 1976,
and our primary intention has been
to develop the resources we had in
our  management   organization."
However, Young said, all three
SFU administration vice-
presidents suggested this January
that the seminar act as a means of
compensation for those who didn't
receive bonuses.
"We were afraid this would put a
bit of color, that we didn't want, on
our efforts," Young said.
The seminar was broken into two
two-and-a-half day sessions, which
ran from eight to 12 hours a day.
"It was very worthwhile," said
participant Barbara Robertson,
it had an incredible
everyone   who   took
"I'm sure
impact on
"I  found
it an enriching and
experience," said
counselling centre psychologist
Barbara Watson. "It's really
amazing what a resource we have
of tremendously capable people."
—geof wheelwright photo
DEMONSTRATORS GRIN at camera as protest against higher tuition Thursday begins in festive air. Mood
soon turned grim as rally turned to serious subject of how to fight Socred education cutbacks.
Cutbacks cause of student concern
UBC students are more concerned about education cutbacks
than about tuition fee increases.
Most of the 27 students interviewed Thursday said education
cutbacks would affect them.
"Cutbacks will have a great
effect on everybody," said Keith
Cox, science 1.
"If I were coming back, cutbacks would make me reconsider.
I'd be more concerned about that
than tuition fees," said Dan
Guerrette, arts 6.
Heist costs $2,000
The Ubyssey lost $2,000 because most of the March 4 press run of 13,000
newspapers was stolen immediately after the paper was distributed on
campus, Ubyssey co-editor Ralph Maurer said Thursday.
Maurer said The Ubyssey will not collect any advertising revenue from
last Friday's issue. He said the $2,000 in revenue would have balanced
printing and distribution costs.
Advertising revenues pay for three-quarters of the paper's costs. The
Alma Mater Society publishes The Ubyssey and pays the remaining
Other problems have plagued the paper this week, causing delays in
On Tuesday a new truck driver distributed the paper after the usual
driver quit. He had to learn campus geography first.
And Thursday's issue was delayed when the printing press at College
Printers, where the paper is printed, broke down for several hours.
Some students said they were
concerned about classes getting
larger which would mean less
chance of one-to-one communication between professors
and students.
"It will be a lot worse. You won't
be able to get individual attention if
you need it," said Jane Wild, home
economics 1.
Graham Riley, geology 4, said
science students would suffer
because of teaching assistant
"Ninety-nine per cent of the
science courses rely on TAs in the
labs," he said.
Margaret Leighton, arts 1, said
she had a lot of tutorials and "it
would definitely affect me if they
were of a lower quality."
"If classes get any bigger and
professors are let go, I'd have
second thoughts about coming
back," said Louise Ritchie, arts 1.
Students also said the government should give UBC more
money, but didn't think it would.
Most students said higher tuition
fees would not really affect them.
Many said they could earn enough
money in the summer to pay
higher fees, and others said they
relied on loans, scholarships, and
money from their parents.
"I'll be able to make enough
money (to pay tuition fees) by
working during the summer," said
Carol Pedlar, physical education 1.
Anne Smith, arts 1, said her
parents would help her if
necessary, and Greg Vanstone,
arts 1, said he receives a
scholarship every year.
"High fees are no deterrent for
me. Everything is paid for through
my scholarship," he said.
"I'll just have to ask for more
money when I apply for my student
loan," said John Morrison, law 1.
Some students said higher tuition
fees would limit their personal
spending money, but nearly all
students interviewed said they
would return to UBC next year
despite the increased fees.
"I'll come back. I'll be more
broke, but I'll come back," said
Smith. Page 4
Friday, March  11,  1977
Where does Moore get off?
Where does Gary Moore get off
running for Alma Mater Society
Moore is a member of the student
representative assembly — a
requirement for the presidency — by
virtue of the fact that the commerce
undergraduate society executive
appointed him commerce senator.
He's not even an elected official.
He is one vote away from the
AMS presidency, even though he
wasn't even elected to the SRA. An
unsuccessful candidate for the board
of governors in January, he was last
elected to any position early in
1975, when he was elected a
But his opponent for the
presidency, Moe Sihota, is being
rather foolish himself. Being a
member of the board of governors is
more than enough to keep him busy;
as president, he could do neither job
Both Sihota and Moore should
withdraw their names from the
election so a better candidate can be
- where Does he
Sign petition during Prisoners of Conscience Year
Amnesty International, the nonpartisan international organization
devoted to the defence of prisoners
of conscience throughout the
world, has designated 1977 as
Prisoners of Conscience Year.
In connection with this, a worldwide petition is being circulated
urging the United Nations general
assembly "to take swift and
concrete steps to ensure strict
observance in all countries of the
Universal Declaration of Human
Rights, each and every government in the world to act for the
immediate release of all prisoners
of conscience."
will, in the next two weeks, be
collected by UBC members of
Amnesty International in various
locations on campus; tables will
successively be set up at International House, Sedgewick library,
the main library, SUB and other
Signatures  under this petition       We call upon all of you: faculty,
Emotional blitherings vs. factual merit
I am writing this letter as a
member of the university community and not necessarily as the
president of the Varsity Outdoor
Many people now realize there is
a dispute between the VOC and the
Alma Mater Society. Many of our
discussions have dealt with the
emotions of both the V6C and the
AMS. I am not the only person
responsible for making emotional
statements in this matter.
I am sure that our honorable
lawyers and the honorable judges
of thestudent court shall base their
arguments on the legal facts and
not emotions in the future.
Hopefully they will also find the
truth in this matter.
I can see correlations between
this and other political bodies or
governments. Our whole
democratic system is based on
people making intelligent decisions
on facts. There is no room in
democratic governments for
emotional       decisions;        ad-
Rally publicity irritating
Thursday morning, my class in
Brock Hall was repeatedly interrupted by shrill, amplified
voices, shouting for me to attend
this afternoon's protest rally
against tuition increases at the
Queen Elizabeth plaza.
At least I think that's what it was
about; most of the words were
indistinguishable, despite the
deafening volume. This was a pain
in the ass. The constant distractions made our attempted
discussion all but impossible. It
was as irritating for the prof as for
the students, and, had there been
time, we would have moved to a
remoter room.
My point is that I seriously
question the effectiveness of such
methods of publicity. Personally, I
happen to agree that the proposed
fee hikes are an important public
concern and I am willing to protest
against them, but I resent being
shouted at.
When this happened four times
during one of my few really interesting classes, my admittedly
unreasonable, but surely
predictable, response was, "What
a horrible noise. That's one rally
I'll be sure to miss."
Support is not won through antagonism.
Patrick Truelove
arts 3
ministrators must differentiate
between emotions and facts.
However, emotions do have their
place in decision-making. For
example in an effort to make the
public aware of the problems in the
environment, Greenpeace and
similar organizations have
realized that emotions are important as they can generate
curiosity of the facts in a particular
In the long run, people must
make clear rational decisions
based on facts. The people of the
earth must make intelligent
decisions based on facts if the
human race is to survive. The
emotional blitherings of the AMS
may be great fun to watch but, in
the long run, the factual merits of
our case will count.
Jay MacArthur
electrical engineering 2
students and staff, to express your
support for our work on behalf of
thousands of persons everywhere,
who have not engaged in violent
action, yet are persecuted, imprisoned and tortured for expressing ideas and professing
religious creeds at variance with
those of their rulers.
Do not remain indifferent witnesses to the sufferings inflicted
upon so my by repressive governments, which systematically
violate human rights. The current
spread of political barbarity
throughout the world threatens us
all: do not delude yourself that
what now happens in Chile, Brazil,
Uganda or the USSR could not
happen here.
Only a decade ago Uruguay was
a country with a tradition of
parliamentary democracy unique
to Latin America, and reputed to
be "the Switzerland of South
America." Now it groans under
one of the most savage military
dictatorships that unfortunate
continent has  ever  experienced.
The abominable practice of
torture, which was on the verge of
extinction by the late 19th century,
has in our times come back with a
vengeance. In recent years it has
spread to so many countries that
governments which do not resort to
it have become a small minority
I shall conclude with the words of
a former Soviet prisoner of conscience, the mathematician Leonid
Plyushch: "The struggle for
human rights is the struggle for the
survival of our civilization."
Rene Goldman
executive member,
Amnesty International
Vancouver group
'Rotten' review criticized
MARCH 11, 1977
Published Tuesdays, Thursdays and Fridays throughout the
university year by the Alma Mater Society of the University of
B.C. Editorial opinions are those of the staff and not of the AMS
or the university administration. Member, Canadian University
Press. The Ubyssey publishes Page Friday, a weekly commentary
and review. The Ubyssey's editorial office is in room 241K of the
Student Union Building. Editorial departments, 228-2301;
Advertising, 228-3977.
Co-Editors: Sue Vohanka, Ralph Maurer
Shares  in   B.C.  Telephone dropped drastically  Thursday  when  Chris
Gainor  and   Linda Chobotuck ended their telephone romance and came
together in a burst of passion that shook the world (7.5 on the Richter
scale)    Rob Little, Tom Barnes,  Paul Wilson and Matt King stook in awe as
the pair floated around the office in a trance while Jon Stewart and Geof
Wheelwright took crowd photos for the Kinki Times. The event was hailed
by Bill Tieleman,  Doug  Rushton, Sue Vohanka, Verne McDonald, Heather
Walker   Marcus Gee,   Ralph   Maurer, Kathy Ford,  Merrilee Robson,  David
Morton      Bob     Krieger    and    Vicki    Booth    as    "an    hysterical    event.
"Wonderful " said Colleen Eros. "Touching," said Steve Howard and Ken
Dodd.   "Moving,"   said   Shane   McCune.   "Disgusting,"   said   Ian   Morton,
I     taking  the  technicolor yawn all  over Charlie Micallef, Terry Ades,  Dick
I     Bale   Les Wiseman, Bruce Baugh, Gray Kyles, Will Wheeler, Dave Hancock
I    and Vaughn Palmer.   Remember Monday is the last day for voting In the
V   preferential ballot in the editor's election.
Dick sure wrote a rotten review
of The Merchant of Venice in the
Feb. 25 Ubyssey. How he could
possibly review it without once
referring to the brilliant coup in the
casting of the character Bas-
sanio/Morocco/Aragon, is beyond
I suspect he has not recently
read the text, and is annoyed with
someone who very obviously has.
His railing against the bittersweet
de-romanticization says more
about his own assumptions and
needs than about a unique interpretation which has successfully   sidestepped   the   tired
contrast of crass, commercial, and
mercenary Venice with the music,
love and mercy of Belmont. The
Sichel production works, plain and
I'm sorry Dick didn't go home
"cheered" — perhaps he should
stick with reviewing musicals —
and as for saying, "it is impossible
to react against the Portias and
Bassanios of the play," it would
seem that his review does just that.
Perhaps some part of him really
does see the point after all.
Hans Castorp
grad studies
Do cyclists have rights?
I am completely ignorant of traffic laws. I would be very grateful if
anyone familiar with legal matters could answer a few questions. As
taxpaying citizens, I would like to know what rights, if any, cyclists have.
Specifically: 1. Although the RCMP are empowered to enforce traffic
laws, under which jurisdiction does the "highway" fall? What laws are
they enforcing, those of the province, city or UBC grounds committee?
2. Does University Boulevard constitute a highway as the signs
suggest? What is the definition of a highway?
3. In an early Ubyssey story, a law was quoted which said essentially
that bicycles could be banned from a street if an adjacent bicycle path is
provided. What is the source of this regulation? Is an awkward detour of
side streets equivalent to an "adjacent bicycle path?" If so, this phrase
seems meaningless.
Any other bylaws pertaining to cyclists would be appreciated. I am
certain many cyclists would like to know their status.
JohnHanrahan THday, March 11, 1977
Page 5
Gary Moore power trip challenged
From page 1
had to appoint a senator because
the election was over.
On March 3, CUS reappointed
Moore. Theessen said Thursday
Moore should not have been appointed because he is not a commerce student and thus was not
even eligible for the position
Theessen won.
And Theessen maintained he
should sit on council as commerce
senator until a new one was appointed.
"It is my understanding that I
would continue to sit as a senator
for commerce until my
replacement is appointed and
indeed this was my belief when I
tendered notice of resignation," he
"I would be happy to serve as
senator for CUS until a
replacement is ctppointed."
Theessen said senate should
recognize Moore's ineligibility to
be commerce senator and should
vote to remove him.
Moore said Thursday he does not
intend to withdraw from the race.
"I'm going to continue on with it,"
he said.
Rally draws 600 to Queen E Theatre
From page 1
worse. The Socreds also have hurt
public  transit,   which   the   NDP
made a start on while in power, he
"Just sell your car. Park it. If
nobody used their cars, the transportation system would break
down. There's no other transportation system worth talking
"Politicians are afraid of this
kind of power. Let's not call this
political   power,   let's   call this
togetherness power."
The crowd yelled "no" when he
asked aloud if Bennett had consulted students before bringing in
An information picket set up
early Thursday below the SFU
campus stopped B.C. Hydro buses
but only a few cars bound for the
campus. Although the campus was
quiet, many students crossing the
lines said they had exams
scheduled Thursday.
One student on the picket line
was struck by a car.
At the rally, Alar Olljum,
president of the Churchill High
School student union, said
graduating high school students
will also be hit hard by Socred
"What really exasperates me is
that supporters of higher tuition
fees cite the rising cost of higher
education,"       Olljum       said.
"Secondary school students are
going tobe among the hardest hit."
While tuition fees go up, student
loan ceilings do not, and loans are
still difficult to get, he said. Only
half the students seeking summer
jobs will get them, he added.
Ross Powell, an executive
member of the National Union of
Students, said NUS supports the
demonstration, which is part of a
nation-wide movement for greater
access to post-secondary
Students can win their fight with
a determined effort, he said. Part
of the effort is student opposition to
differential fees in Ontario and
Alberta, said Powell.
"It's clear that those governments are talking about a long-
term attack on education. This is
the beginning."
Messages supporting the rally
came from the Ontario Federation
of Students, the B.C. Federation of
Labor and the Vancouver and
District Labor Council and were
read out at the rally.
Speakers from the Vancouver
Status of Women and the
Federated Anti-Poverty Groups
spoke and attacked the cutbacks
and tuition hikes as discriminating
against women and lower-income
£&»^&?SL*i£s!>*x'*>St  if&g&x*'!*.
Students urge more protest
From page 1
Victoria and "storm the capital" to
fight the government.
"I think it's a start," said
Malcolm MacKillop, arts 2 at
Capilano College. He said more
rallies should be held and student
leaders should talk to education
minister Pat McGeer and Bennett.
Some students said the rally
wouldn't have any effect on the
"I don't think they're going to
change anything," said Rick
Edgar, UBC arts 2.
Olga Jandera from City School
high school said, "I don't think it
will make any difference — it
didn't with ICBC."
"It's a pretty shitty turnout,"
said Glen Clark, arts 2 at SFU,
"and even if 50,000 people turned
out it wouldn't: make any difference to him (McGeer)
Others believed the protests, if
continued, could affect the
government's education policies.
"It's one step in opening up the
channels of communications," said
Peter Hammond, a student at
Vancouver   Vocational   Institute.
Douglas College student Marj
Nichol said publicity is a major
factor in the fight.
"I think the general public will
listen if McGeer doesn't," she said.
Helen McDonald, UBC
recreation 1, said the student
movement should enlist the help of
labor organizations to fight
education cutbacks.
"I think what we should do is
make a big demand for labor to
support us because if labor does it
will affect the government," she
Students also suggested petitions
and letter campaigns to demonstrate further student concern
about tuition increases and
education cutbacks.
"I don't think it would do any
harm to write to the MLAs and
McGeer," said Rob White, arts 3 at
Others said the BCSF should
'become more active in holding
rallies at educational institutes
across B.C.
"I don't think it (the rally) is
going to help that much but it will
show the government we don't
support their policy. It depends on
the BCSF. They should be
organizing more rallies," said
Paul Grant, SFU arts 2.
He said he regarded his appointment as commerce senator as
legitimate because business administration is closely associated
with commerce. He said that after
his appointment he checked with
Parnall, who confirmed that Moore
was the new commerce senator.
"When somebody's position is
confirmed with the registrar,
who's charged by the Universities
Act with overseeing senate elections, I don't see that there's any
point in pursuing the matter further," Moore said.
Neither Parnall, Turri nor CUS
president Mike Iannacone were
available for comment Thursday.
The Universities Act section
dealing with senate eligibility
states: "The senate of each
university shall be composed of . . .
a number of students equal to the
number provided in clauses (a) to
(f), (in UBC's case, 17), elected by
and from the student association in
a manner that ensures that at least
one student from each faculty is
There are currently no commerce students on senate.
Moore has not been elected to
any position since he was elected
senator-at-large more than two
years ago. He was AMS external
affairs officer in 1974-75.
Moore is supported by conservative SRA representatives,
while Sihota has the support of the
left-wing and moderate representatives.
Meanwhile, Sihota said he would
not withdraw from the race, nor
does he expect any new nominees.
"I don't think there's going to be a
compromise candidate," he said.
Theessen, who did not exercise
his option as SRA chairman to vote
to break the 16-16 tie Wednesday,
said he would vote if there is a tie
again next week.
He said he had not yet decided
which candidate he would support.
Lance Morrison ignorant of southern Africa situation
I wish to refer to Lance Morrison's letter
of Feb. 24 which appeared in The Ubyssey
about certain allegations regarding the
situation between Rhodesia and Botswana.
While it is not my custom to indulge in
political issues, especially of the nature
where some people displayed ignorance
such as Morrison did, it is my feeling that
the Canadian public as well as that of UBC
would be sell served by some clarification of
some of the ill-founded allegations made by
The facts as I know them are as follows:
1. Botswana is not "Soviet-protected" as
Morrison alleges. That is a tissue of blatant
lies aimed at destroying Botswana's
already-respected international image.
Botswana has never been pro-socialist or
pro-communist countries and the chances
are it may never. Botswana does not even
have diplomatic relations at residential
level, other than at the courteous roaming
level, with the Soviet Union.
Botswana, while it has a policy of non-
alignment (just like Canada), it does not
condone socialist ideologies; on this I
challenge Morrison to reveal the source of
his information and I think he owes Botswana an apology for marring it with
ideological affinities it does not have.
2. Botswana has always offered political
asylum to political refugees (not freedom
fighters or criminals) from Rhodesia and
South Africa in accordance with the United
Nations human rights charter. Obviously
this type of asylum could not be well accepted by the Ian Smith's ijlegal regime and
as a result that regime has, for years since
unilateral declaration of independence by
Smith on Nov. 11, 1965, in its frustration,
been committing atrocities in Francistown
and elsewhere in Botswana.
These included kidnapping of Zimbabwe
natives from Botswana, bombing of refugee
quarters at Francistown, and shooting at
innocent civilian villages along the
Rhodesia-Botswana border.
3. The illegal regime of Ian Smith is an
oppressing minority which has caused
problems to many Rhodesians of all races.
These are facts which Morrison deliberately
chose to omit. Such is the situation as I know
The issue of the allegedly kidnapped
children into Botswana is one which until
one has facts from both sides cannot confirm or deny. What is known is that the
Botswana office of the president issued a
news release and a statement to the UN
denying the illegal regime's allegations and
and Morrison biased and misinformed
Lance Morrison's letter, Rhodesia
distortion true to rag's form, Feb. 24 shows
how unashamedly biased and misinformed
he is about Zimbabwe and the situation in
southern Africa.
The name Zimbabwe stands in history as
a monument to black progress and culture
in south-central Africa. It has been the focus
of many ever since Europeans first set eyes
on its magnificent stone ruins. Their outlook
for centuries prevented them from believing
in its African origin, and according to
Morrison this is still the case. Zimbabwe
was there long before Cecil Rhodes
(Rhodesia) came.
Africa does not need to be told who its
friends are. The era of slavery, colonialism
and   divide-and-rule   has   its   vestige   in
Zimbabwe (Rhodesia), Azania (South
Africa) and Namibia (Southwest Africa).
It is apt that your Southern African
Campaign brought back the memory of
Soweto which Gainor's article was trying to
I would like to draw his attention to articles on Southern Africa (Time magazine of
Sept. 20 and Jan. 10 and Newsweek of June
7) for a catalogue of events, which included
murder and plundering by the racist
regimes in southern Africa.
I accept that these things have no effect on
his judgment because to most "heartless
beasts," the economics surpasses the
human sufferings. The barbarity of the
South Africa invaders is immutable, those
who criticize the oppressive regimes as well
as the nationalist's fighting for the independence of their countries, are all
labelled communists and communist supported; what an enigma.
Indeed, we comprehend Angola very well.
Angola is your scapegoat, but she is Africa's
glory to freedom, the key that will soon
unlock the shackles on the ankles of the
millions of Africans in Smith's and Voer-
ster's goals. It hurts, doesn't it, that through
the help of very good friends, your South
African invaders and the European mercenaries were humiliated by your red-
under-the-bed scare; it is nice to know there
are more people like Judith Marshall in
Joseph Blell
school of community and
regional planning
concomitantly condemned that regime's
inhuman atrocities. Cumulative evidence
has shown that Smith himself is a difficult
and stubborn individual to deal with. Since
the talks, aimed at reaching a negotiated
and peaceful settlement in Rhodesia,
started soon after the UDI along the
Mediterranean with the British leaders
Smith has himself changed and contradicted
his promises.
The latest is the Kissinger's peace
package. In a television interview with
CBC's Walter Cronkite on Feb. 23 in
Salisbury, Smith made slanderous accusations to the British government for the
failure of the Geneva talks. If he is not
frustrated why did he run to John Voerster
of South Africa about a new peace settlement? Indeed, Smith himself, in that
Cronkite-Smith discussion, admitted that
Rhodesia was a British problem.
Smith can be described as a frustrated
and miserable cheat who cannot be
predicted and he wastes everybody's time
and effort. Andrew Young's testimony
before the U.S. Senate-House committee on
Feb. 24, that Smith's illegal regime is a
minority which should be squashed to
remove the boiling spot in Africa is
more evidence that Smith has no supporters
in the West except Lance Morrison (unless
Morrison is a Rhodesian).
The killings of the Roman Catholic priests
and nuns are an atrocity which every person
who respects human life condemns and
mourns. It is a course which is not acceptable to anyone.
In conclusion it may be better if in the
future Morrison is more careful about things
he writes, and a bit of little search for the
facts, and proper reading, as suggested by
the Ubyssey staff, would help him not to
report what is not the truth.
Thandie Molefe
graduate studies Page 6
Friday, March  11, 1977
No easy solution for Quebec
Separatism cannot be defeated
by attacking Quebec premier Rene
Levesque, a Conservative MP said
Vancouver South MP John
Fraser told 30 people uncommitted
Quebecers must be reached
because more people in the
province do not support the idea of
an independent Quebec than do.
"It is their hearts and minds we
have to fight for," he said. "In a
poll taken around election time in
Quebec last November, only 18 per
cent supported separation.
"In a more recent poll, that
number had dropped to 11 per cent.
There are maybe a million or more
French Canadians who are going to
say 'No provincial government can
take away my citizenship'."
Fraser said the Liberal government has taken a simplistic approach to what he termed "the
' 'There is no simplistic solution,''
he said. "(Prime minister Pierre)
Trudeau gave English Canadians a
complete misconception of what's
going on in Quebec.
"He didn't solve the problem
because he didn't understand it. He
can't give us the answer. He's
given us the wrong one for years."
The bilingualism and
biculturalism commission,
established by the Liberal
government to investigate
solutions to communications
problems between French and
English Canadians, did not succeed, said Fraser.
'"Die answer the commission
came up with was bilingualism,"
he said. "Their motivation was
honest and sincere.
"But they made a wrong
analysis, and came up with the
wrong answer. .
"The people of Quebec don t give
a tinker's damn whether there's an
'arret' on every stop sign in
Vancouver. They say 'We don't
want to ram French down your
Fraser said privy council
president Allan MacEachen has
said the rest of Canada must tell
Quebec that it is wanted in confederation.
"But bilingualism was an attempt to do this, despite the fact
that it was the wrong answer, and
has flaws," he said.
"And nobody has ever said thank
you for our efforts. By using
bilingualism as the answer, we've
been concentrating on the wrong
He said he supports
bilingualism, but not as a solution
to the Quebec problem. But Fraser
did not suggest an alternative
"I support it because it's fair.
But it's a simplistic solution."
grin bin
Largest Selection
of posters in B.C.
Photo Blow-ups
from negs and prints,
jokes, gifts, etc.
3209 W. BrMdway
(opposite Super-Valu)
slide show & discussion
Member of Pacific Life Community
SUB 212 — Tuesday, March 15
The University of Victoria Is Offering
a Secondary Internship Teacher Education
Programme in 1977-78
ELIGIBILITY Candidates must have an acceptable undergraduate degree
from  a  recognized  University, have the necessary subject preparation in
two approved teaching areas for secondary schools, be prepared to work in
Alberni,   Nanaimo,   Courtenay  or Campbell   River School   Districts,  and
show evidence of commitment and skill in working with young people.
Applications  are  encouraged  from   individuals  with  life experiences in
addition to their formal education.
PROGRAMME Academically admissible candidates will be interviewed by
University    and    participating    School    District   personnel   in   late   May.
Forty-five selected candidates will then attend a week's orientation in their
school district in early June, attend UVic for July and August course work,
train in their school district from September, 1977 to April, 1978, and
complete their academic work on  UVic campus during May/June, 1978.
Successful candidates are then recommended for a Teaching Certificate.
FINANCIAL  AID   Interns  will   be  eligible  for  existing  student  aid as
administered by the University's Financial Aid Office. A grant to'cover
tuition   costs  and   some financial  assistance for the summer months  is
anticipated. In addition school districts will provide a stipend to Interns
during their 8-month residency.
TO   APPLY   For   detailed   information    and    application    forms,    write
immediately to:
The Co-Ordinator Secondary Internship Programme,
Faculty of Education, University of Victoria,
P. O. Box 1700, Victoria, B.C. V8W 2Y2
Applications post-marked after midnight April 30th, 1977, will not be ac-
Canada is faced with a
referendum, said Fraser, but no
one knows when it will take place.
He said Levesque has the advantage because even the English
press in Quebec supports him.
"Quebecers view it as their
business, but if anyone says that to
me I intend to tell them that they
are talking about my country, and
any English Canadian has the right
to enter into the debate on
He termed Trudeau's threat to
resign if Quebec decides to leave
confederation ridiculous, and said
his resignation would cause a
serious problem.
"Who's going to look after the
Canada that's left after
separation? We will need someone
who can speak for the rest of the
"We don't need someone who's
had the rug pulled out from under
him in his own province, who can't
Fraser said the government
must use more sensitivity, and
more fairness is necessary to deal
with the problems than it has used
in the past few decades.
1110 Seymour St.
The Soul Survivors
Steel Band
Sunday March 13
9:00 p.m. - 2:00 a.m.
Louisiana Gumbo Dinner
Also: Jazz After Hours
Mon. - Sat. 11 p.m. - 6 a.m.
1333 Burrard 688-7043
Big or Small Jobs
also garages
Q&6SOUnd spotlights
O&b sound
TELEPHONE 682-6144
Open Thursday & Fridoy until 9 P.M.  star trekm
Trek cult credulous crew
"No sign of intelligent life at War
Memorial Gym. Beam me up,
Scotty. Kirk out."
What would drive 6,000 relatively
sane people to give up three hours
of their lives and six dollars of their
money to congregate together and
intone strange words such as
Klingon, tribbles, Chekov, phaser,
Romulin and Spock? I suppose the
answer is that somewhere in the
dark corners of our society,
illuminated only by the glare of the
television tube, some of us are
becoming aware of the Tjoys of
cultural funk.
In these times of worldwide
paranoia and problems, a series
such as Star Trek offers a better
alternative to reality and a solution
to the almost universal need to
escape. Devout fans known as
trekkers (rather than trekkies)
have formed over 500 fan clubs in
North America which are devoted
to the ideals of universal
brotherhood and hope for the
Gene Roddenberry, the originator and executive producer of the
series has stated that one of the
reasons for Star Trek's success is
that, "in Star Trek, we had real
heroes — guys who believed that
their word was their bond, that
there were things worth dying
On February 27, The World of
Star Trek came to the War
Memorial Gym. Above a banner
which proudly proclaimed "Star
Trek, Lives," was a large movie
screen onto which the Star Trek
Blooper Reel was projected. As
soon as the familiar theme music
from the show came over the
speakers one could feel the
audience's sense of elation and
closeness. The Blooper Reel is a
compilation of outtakes and boners
which were edited out of the final
versions of the show.
Captain Kirk, stern-faced and
phaser in hand, runs face first into
a door which refuses to open;
unemotional, logical Spock splits
his sides laughing at urgent life or
death orders from the bridge; Dr.
McCoy c o p s a feel off Nurse
Chapel, and down in Scottie's
engine room a stagehand stokes
coal into the dilithium crystal
powered heart of the starship.
Then amongst joyous applause,
Gene Roddenberry, resplendent in
his rust double-knit leisure suit
walks up to the podium, gives the
Vulcan salute and launches into his
speech. He's done this so many
times before, he could do it in his
sleep. But he's polished. The first
thing he does is to complement the
audience on their intelligence. You
see he judges the intelligence of the
audience by the amount of laughter
the Blooper Reel gets. The more
laughter it gets, the smarter the
audience is. Pretty smooth, in
effect what he has said is that if
you don't laugh at his carefully laid
out selections of anecdotes and
jokes, perhaps you should crawl
back under your rock.
Roddenberry has been saying
the same things since the first Star
Trek convention which was held in
New York in 1972. Trekkers, it
seems, just don't doubt the validity
of what this self-proclaimed
writer/philosopher has  to say
U.S.S. ENTERPRISE .. . part of the joy of cultural funk
about optimism for the future,
equality between all sentient
beings (even aliens who look like
barf) and personal heroism.
Everything he has to say is a
cliche, but perhaps these cliches
contain the germ of hope that is
The announcement which
everyone was waiting for was
about the feature length Star Trek
movie. Thousands of fans have
been writing into Paramount
Studio and requesting it since 1969
when the series was cancelled.
The script, according to Roddenberry is still being worked on,
but he expects that the movie will
begin production this summer, for
release in early '78, rather than
Christmas '77 as he had previously
stated. The budget, which last year
was reported as being in the neighborhood of $6 million has now
grown to $10 million. The movie
production will feature a newly
renovated, more sophisticated
Enterprise. After all, a lot has gone
'down in the world of technology
while she's been floating around up
Galactic Gene feels that the film
will feature the same stars as the
TV series. Although Shatner and
Nimoy have said that they do not
want to do it, Gene confided in us
that they are just holding out for
more money. "They've got to play
it cool. Otherwise Paramount
might offer them half of what
they'll get." He said that there is a
very strong possibility that after
the movie comes out Star Trek will
return to television in a 90-minute
or two-hour format on an intermittent basis.
After Roddenberry's speech
there was a judging of the various
costumes which the more adamant
trekkers were wearing. There
were lots of pointed ears, shaved
eyebrows, and velour Enterprise
Uniforms. There were also a lot of
people who just like to dress up
funny nomatter what the occasion.
Rejects from the Kiss Army and
some beings which bore a close
resemblance to Alpo dog food also
showed up. The prizes were Star
Trek paraphernalia ranging from
blueprints of the Enterprise to
official membership cards of the
United Space Federation.
The highlight of the conference
was the showing of the black-and-
white version of the original pilot
show. Gene Roddenberry wrote
The Cage which he submitted to
NBC and was promptly rejected as
the plot was considered "too
cerebral." It later went on to win
the International Hugo Award for
science fiction.
The Cage featured Jeffrey
Hunter rather than William
Shatner as the Captain of the
Enterprise. Spock was played by
Nimoy but the character was not
the same, instead of being cold and
logical he was unappetizingly
human. The logical science officer
was a cold ice queen known only as
Number One. She was played by
Roddenberry's wife, Majel Barret,
who later became Nurse Chapel on
the television show. The bad guys
were some puffy headed aliens who
could telepathically create
illusions. It had all that any fan
would want, pretty girls, heroism
plot twists, and pulsating mem
b ranees.
Spock: (receiving an audio
reading from the computer)
Captain, I can't believe my ears!
Kirk: I've never quite been able
to get used to them myself, Spock.
Goodbye sci fi
—geof wheelwright photo
TREKKERS .. . dressing up in funny costumes
The world would undoubtedly be
a better place without "science
Mary Shelley created a monster
back in 1818, when she wrote
Frankenstein, the first "science
fiction" novel.
Shelley wasn't trying to create a
monster. She didn't know she was
writing what people now call
science fiction. She simply had an
idea she wanted to communicate to
the reader and she decided she was
better able to do so by setting her
novel in a world where a scientist
could bring dead flesh back to life.
Her novel was not about Dr.
Frankenstein's technique for
achieving that miracle; having
such a technique simply made it
possible to tell her story.
If every fiction writer since then
used scientific speculation for the
same reasons there would be no
such term as "science fiction."
Think about if for a minute: what
do those words mean? Don't they
mean "stories about science?"
Certainly that definition is no less
valid than the 200 or so other
definitions of "science fiction."
But writers got confused when
they read Frankenstein and books
by other early "science fiction"
writers such as H. G. Wells. They
became fascinated, then preoccupied, with Shelley's and Wells'
technique. Instead of using
speculative thinking as a
technique, they began writing
stories for the sake of speculating.
They completely missed the
point: science fiction is a
technique, not a genre. Instead of
using science fiction to write
stories, writers started writing
stories about science fiction. Instead of writing about human
beings in an anti-individualistic,
depersonalized society, as George
Orwell does in  1984,  they wrote
about the machinery, the gadgetry
and the technology of 1984.
Stories were written about explorers landing on a planet of a
distant sun, in which the real
heroes were the rocket-ship and
the technology. People served only
to move the story along, rather
than being the reason for the story.
Characters were used to provide
"love interest" (science fiction's
tacit recognition of the x
chromosome), or because the sci-fi
business ground rules simply
demanded at least one or two
people in each story.
The setting simply overwhelmed
the story. In 90 per cent of sci-fi,
you could take the story out of its
setting on the planet Zeta in the
year 6690 New Age, set it yesterday
afternoon in your living room, and
you would not be making any
essential difference to the plot.
For some reason that must
forever remain a mystery, stories
like that attracted a large
readership, and dreadful little
magazines pushing science fiction
sprang up in the 1920s. The
discovery of the market for science
fiction attracted struggling writers
and moonlighting engineers to
their typewriters and a ghetto was
The occasional good story, using
science fiction as a technique
rather than as an end in itself,
snuck into the pulp sci-fi
magazines. But their writers'
efforts generally were wasted; the
stories were only read by readers
used to reading shit. The better
writers became associated with
those who wrote the shit, and they
found that to get published and
read they had to move out of the
science fiction ghetto, to stop
writing science fiction and get into
the so-called literary mainstream.
One of the best examples of this
kind of writer is Kurt Vonnegut,
Jr., who is embarrassed by the fact
that he got his start in such
magazines as Fantasy and Science
Fiction, and who passes off his sci-
fi career as a method of earning his
bread while preparing to make it in
the big time.
Vonnegut's problem is or was
also experienced by such writers
as Roger Zelazny, Walter M.
Miller, Jr., and, most notably,
Ursula K. LeGuin — none of whom
most people have ever heard. All
three have the same "problem."
They are all good writers, but they
refused to abandon science fiction
techniques in order to make it big.
LeGuin and Zelazny at least are
both immensely popular in the
science fiction ghetto, but are
rarely read outside it. Miller, who
wrote A Canticle for Leibowitz
(which, along with 1984, Huxley's
Brave New World and a few others,
is some of the best science fiction
ever written), apparently stopped
writing because he simply didn't
get along with the science fiction
establishment. The only other
people to print his writing were the
Catholic Digest, or some such
mass-circulation publication.
LeGuin, a sociologist, is one of
the" better fiction writers working
these days, but because she arises
from the science fiction ghetto, she
has to do more than write a good
book (she's written several good
books, in fact). She has to overcome the readers' prejudice
against science fiction.
Which brings us back to the
assertion that opened this piece.
Science fiction is a totally bogus
classification, one that
discriminates against good
writers, and allows some writers,
who have no business even being in
the same room as a typewriter, to
make their living writing garbage.
There is only stuff worth
reading, and stuff not worth
Page Friday, 2
Friday, March   11, 1977 in??
stor trek
Roddenberry philosophizes
"Science-fiction is a remarkable device
for looking into the human animal and into
the human condition. Ray Bradbury has
said that science-fiction is one of the last
places in our society where a philosopher is
free to ramble just as broadly as he
At a recent presentation of The World of
Star Trek at the War Memorial Gym, Gene
Roddenberry talked about his personal
philosophies and concept of science-fiction.
Roddenberry said he considers himself a
philosopher. He admitted that the combined
force of science-fiction and television made
for a powerful platform, adding that Star
Trek has reached more viewers than all of
Shakespeare's audiences combined.
It was a hokey comparison but indicative
of the power of science-fiction.
"Our show did not reach out and affect all
those people because it was great literature.
In order to get a prime-time network show
on the air and keep it there, you have to
attract and hold a minimum each week of 18
million viewers.
"We believed that the often ridiculed
mass audience is sick of this world's petty
nationalism, its old hatreds and people are
anxious to think beyond those petty things
which have kept all of us divided since the
As surety as Mary Shelley's Frankenstein
became onf of the first science-fiction
classics, Gene Roddenberry's science-
fiction is capturing contemporary man's
imagination. But Roddenberry had none of
the problems Frankenstein had with his
creation and he is quite satisfied with his
monster, Star Trek. If you listen closely you
can hear the cash registers feeding the
Roddenberry created Star Trek in 1964
and NBC television unleashed it for public
viewing on Sept. 8, 1966. When the network
recalled the series in March 1969 after 79
episodes, Roddenberry thought his creation
was dead. But in 1969 Paramount breathed
new life into Star Trek, selling reruns to a
market that now includes about 160 North
American stations and outlets in 47 foreign
Though he was the brains behind the
television series, it is not to Roddenberry's
credit Star Trek has become the mania that
it is. In fact, he turned his back on the series
when it was first cancelled. Roddenberry
the writer created science-fiction but it took
the power of science-fiction to create
Roddenberry the personality.
Prior to his success, the 55 year old
producer was a commercial pilot for Pan
American Airlines, a Los Angeles cop and a
contributor to such dramatic shows as
Naked City, Dr. Kildare and Have Gun Will
It took him 13 years, but inspired by such
books as Horatio Honrblower, Gulliver's
Travels, Sherlock Holmes and various
science-fiction adventures, Roddenberry
got his own science-fiction show and a multi-
million dollar cult phenomenon called
Trekkie Power.
Unlike most sci-fi writers Roddenberry
had the distinction recently of seeing his
science-fiction become reality. Appreciative
for the publicity for the space program,
NASA christened its newly built space
shuttle, the Enterprise. But Roddenberry
said he was against naming the craft after
his fictitious starship.
"I did not want it to have an American
name. I wanted it to be a generic, non-
military name of some sort. And, when the
world's first true space ship was wheeled
out to the theme of our television show, my
response was, 'I don't trust my leaders
The basic philosophy behind the show and
the Trekkie movement, he said, is one of
compassion for and appreciation of
"If we cannot learn to delight in the differences between each other, then we don't
deserve to go into space and meet the
variety which is almost certainly out there."
But Roddenberry said he is optimistic
about the state of humanity and generally
unperturbed by a seemingly gloomy future.
"These crises that we face admittedly
have us all worried: fuel, ecology, overpopulation, food and so on. But it is very
likely these things are all just part of racial
growth and there is nothing wrong.
Civilizations are supposed to crumble and
be rebuilt. This is a natural way for a
species like ours to evolve and grow into
Roddenberry said he defines adulthood for
our race as a time in which man's capacity
to love becomes as great as his ability to
destroy. He added that we are nowhere near
that point yet.
Star Trek was not intended to be a
depiction of what the future is supposed to
be, he said.
"In order to put on a television show for a
20th century audience we had to use 20th
century men and women reflecting 20th
centurymorals, attitudes and ideas. Had we
tried to project humanity ahead two or three
or four centuries, as we did the equipment,
we would have ended up with characters on
Captain's Log
started—still wa
Sorry to keep
you waiting,
Now, let's get
right down to
business . . .
—Stardate: 54-40 or fight! Our flashback is over and we're back where we were when this musical
iting for that mysterious power who summoned us together eight years after the death of our show!
So YOU'RE the Mysterious Power!!
That's right! I'm a Vice-President
of NBC! We want you and your crew
to fly through space again . . . coast
to coast ... on Network Prime Time!
Are you crazy?
We'd be out
of our minds!
We're sitting
pretty the
way we are!
We're idolized
by thousands
of Sci-Fi fans!
We're mobbed by
gorgeous teenage "Trekkies"!
We've got it made with
ROYALTIES pouring in
Wizards not so magical
Ralph Bakshi's new animated film,
Wizards, is mildly interesting but trivial and
forgettable. It is a discordant collage of
visual styles and narrative intentions.
Unfortunately, much of the animation is of
inferior quality, so there is no solid foundation on which to build.
By Ralph Bakshi
Lougheed Mall
Bakshi tries to do too much, dragging in
themes and gags at random. The plot is
simple but suffers from seemingly irreparable fragmentation and self-indulgence.
Often it becomes just too confusing to justify
the effort necessary to follow it. A witty-
ending pulls it together but does not compensate for what has gone before.
The story, which plagiarizes liberally
from Lord of the Rings, is set in a post-
atomic holocaust world and is tied together
by a series of stills and a narrator. It mixes
science-fiction and folklore, opposing one
against the other. Two wizards battle for
supremacy, one an evil mutant, Blackwolf,
and one a typical Bakshi counter-culture
hero, Avatar.
Superficially, this is a battle between
technology (evil) and magic (good). Such
intellectually trite moralizing is not easy to
take. Bakshi attempts to undercut it but
fails. Once more the result is confusion.
Odd bits of contemporary satire occasionally surface, but these comic aspects
are too unstructured. The film never focuses
on anything but skips around from scene to
Similarly the animation combines many
visual styles, including stills, some absurd
documentary footage of Hitler and some
very harsh colour combinations. While
innovative, this is aesthetically jarring. It
also buries the plot-line six feet under.
Even within one frame there are up to four
different drawing styles. This all-inclusive
mixture is microcosmic of the film itself.
The result in both is that there may be
certain parts that work, but the whole never
Creative Arts prize
The winner of the prize for last week's
Creative Arts issue is Lois Gubbe. The prize,
a subscription to the Canadian Fiction
Magazine, was awarded for her poem The
Page Friday would again like to thank the
many people who contributed to the issue.
Unfortunately, due to lack of space we were
unable to print all of the material we
We would particularly like to thank T. K.
Chu who took all the photos for the issue.
—geof wheelwright photo
. rambles about Star Trek
the screen that would have frightened or
revolted much of the audience."
Having been affiliated with science-fiction
writers such as Robert Bloch, Theodore
Sturgeon, Haran Ellison and Issac Assimov,
Roddenberry said most sci-fi creators share
the same ideas on the future and human life.
"I agree with Arthur C. Clarke and a
surprising number of other writers who say
that God, the wisdom capable of putting
intelligence on this planet, is no doubt
capable of protecting us until we mature and
grow into adulthood."
"Most of us (writers) are undivided on the
opinion that we will go into space just as
certainly as our early tribes had to go over
the next mountain to see what was there. A
race that is tired of travelling, learning, and
risking is a race that is tired of living. Our
race is a long way from that point."
He said most noteworthy science-fiction
writers owe their success to the believability
of their work. The key, he said, is to believe
yourself in what you are writing. Roddenberry believes in extraterrestrial life but
thinks it unlikely that it is a humanoid form,
not even Vulcan.
"I think it is very likely that we have been
visited by alien life or will be, although I
doubt very much that we would be contacted
by a race capable of interstellar travel.
They would have to be so far ahead of us to
have this capacity that it would be like us
going to a zoo and expecting to strike up a
conversation with a turtle."
Recounting examples of science
development in the fields of high altitude
photography and astronomical
measurements, Roddenberry was adamant
that planetary systems like ours, with
inhabitants, are more likely the rule than
the exception.
Roddenberry said mankind is in the
process of evolving from its present form
and with the help of science could find itself
with mental and physical capabilities we
now consider superhuman or supernatural.
"This evolution is a beginning step that
will take us far beyond this speck of matter,
this ancestorial egg-earth."
Just as a caterpillar becomes a butterfly,
Roddenberry predicted, man will be able to
reshape himself to fit new environments.
"Science is beginning to realize that our
present organic bodies are very limited as
far as space travel goes. It is limited in
miniaturization, strength and durability.
From an engineering point of view,
machines can have inexhaustible
possibilities. No one has written in stone that
it is impossible to put our conscious intelligence into a machine at some future
As if reading from a rejected science-
fiction movie script, Roddenberry told the
audience science is on the path to
manipulating the consciousness of human
beings by implanting computers into our
"I'm not saying computers will enslave
us, but they will provide us with greatly
improved calculating ability."
A built-in computer would be ideal for
Roddenberry. He takes in one third of the
profits from Trekkie c ollectables, from
Captain Kirk dolls and magazines to
technical manuals and blueprints of the
starship Enterprise.
Friday, March 11, 1977
Page Friday, 3 movies
Casanova: sex minus smut
Federico Fellini's films are like
ripe Sicilian olives — an acquired
taste. You have to take four or five
in a row before you really like
So even if 8-1/2, Satyricon, Roma
or Amarcord failed to please you,
give Fellini's Casanova a chance.
The trick is to overcome all your
expectations of linear plot development, and simply gorge your
senses instead.
Billed as "Fellini's first film in
English," Casanova is still very
Italian. Aside from Donald
Sutherland, who plays the title
role, few of the cast speak English.
The script was written in Italian,
and English overdubbed with the
help of Anthony Burgess, author of
A Clockwork Orange and other
light classics.
Fellini's style is at once earthy,
surreal and humorous — the ideal
mix for a film treatment of
Casanova's memoirs. A Venetian
gentleman of unknown origins,
Casanova spent the first half of his
life philandering, and the second
half reminiscing. His
autobiography is an epic of
passion, pomposity, weak poetry
and liberal doses of pure fiction.
All this is evident in the film.
Fellini treats his subject's life as
pageant rather than epic; the 10
sex scenes are depicted as frantic,
self-indulgent and not in the least
The film opens with a barrage of
color and sound, at a nocturnal
masque in 17th century Venice. At
the climax of the evening's
festivities, the bizarrely costumed
revellers gather to witness the
raising of a huge idol from one of
the canals.
But the hoist breaks, and the
figure submerges before it has
completely surfaced, dragging
down the pennants and banners
festooning the surrounding
courtyard. With fireworks fizzling
in the background, the crowd
disperses, wailing that the debacle
is an evil omen.
An evil omen, perhaps. But if
that scene  isn't the key  phallic
Theatre Restaurant
135 West 1st St., North Van.
Until March 12th
Diamond Joe White
John Hyatt
March 16 - 19
symbol of the movie, then only
Sigmund knows what is.
Casanova is drawn away by a
note requesting that he meet
discreetly with a young nun, and
from that point the plot thickens
not one whit.
Except for a brief stay in prison
at the bequest of the Inquisition,
Casanova passes the time away in
the company of a succession of
women, including a Venetian
noblewoman with a penchant for
flagellation, a rick and elderly
dabbler in the occult, a coarse
English mother and daughter, a
circus giant, and a mysterious
woma n attached to the Swiss court,
who is, Casanova claims, his one
true love.
All these are supported by
Fellini's usual assortment of
freaks, including twin midgets
(attendants to the circus giant)
and two hunchbacks. Restraint
was never the maestro's long suit.
Sutherland dominates the film,
appearing in virtually every scene.
Most critics have panned the film
in general, and Sutherland in
particular, for the peculiar reason
that his performance is "wooden."
What else could be? Flitting
from one sleazy affair to the next,
all the while pompously mouthing
pseudo-philosophy, Sutherland
lampoons the great lover mercilessly. Fellini removes his tongue
from his directorial cheek only in a
few scenes, which reveal Casanova
as a sometimes detestable, and
ultimately pitiable, figure.
The hero's baser side is revealed
when Casanova encounters his
ancient mother who dryly spurns
his feigned affection, pointing out
that — of course — he hasn't
written her in years. Casanova
protests that he didn't have her
address, and as they part company, he realizes that he forgot to
ask her for it again.
But the most telling scene takes
place at the German court, where
the fop's flowery prose is wasted on
an assortment of Teutonic gnomes
who speak no Italian or French.
They ignore Casanova through
dinner, throw wine across the
room, and scurry up huge ladders
to pound on an assortment of
keyboards to an immense, Gothic
pipe organ.
Casanova is enraged, and sits
alone with nose uplifted until the
evening is almost over, when he is
silently presented with a beautiful
mechanical woman.
In the most tender scene in the
film, Casanova woos and seduces
the doll. At the end when he is a
doddering old man, vain and
feckless and mocked by the women
around him, his last thoughts
return to the doll.
Casanova's more dubious
reminiscences are treated with
suitable surrealism by Fellini. On
his way to his island rendezvous
with the nun, he is shown rowing in
a storm on a plastic sea.
Fellini builds up to the scene
involving Casanova's mother with
strenuous attention to detail. As
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the audience leaves the opera
house, the huge chandeliers are
lowered from the ceiling and
rotated, as caretakers extinguish
the candles with large fans.
Music is provided by Nino Rota,
who has scored all Fellini's films
(but is probably best known for his
work on Franco Zefferelli's Romeo
and   Juliet   and   the   two   Godfathers).
Incidentally, Casanova shows
very little flesh for a supposedly
raunchy movie. The sex scenes are
interesting, amusing, but seldom
arousing. Nevertheless,
Sutherland is in one sense more
athletic than wooden.
somewhere to go
after class
after the show
... after anything!
aft QOCfl <BflR
— 731-8522 —
Open Early and Late Every Day
*KB*yw*l      MATURE —Frequent coarse
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Bears—12:15, 4:05, 8:001
Yard - 2:00, 5:50, 9:50        »'»  GRANVIUE
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Page Friday, 4
Friday, March 11, 1977 •**y *
Travesties has its moments
The latest Playhouse production will
irobably have the academics jumping in
;lee with all its intellectual appeal even if it
s a flawed production.
Certainly there are moments in Tom
Itoppard's Travesties that are brilliant, but
is a finished dramatic piece, it is sadly
inbalanced. It is not worthy of the "work of
;enius" label the Americans and British
lave given it.
ly Tom Stoppard
directed by Philip Hedley
it the Playhouse
Jntil March 26
The play is a mixture of history and
antasy. It involves the eternal philosophical
irgument of "what is art." Living in the
Zurich of 1917 were James Joyce (writing
Jlysses and running The English Players
Theatre Company), V. I. Lenin (writing a
xwk on Imperialism and readying for his
rain ride home) and the founder of the
Dadaist art movement, Tristan Tzara.
The British Consular official in Zurich at
hat time was Henry Carr, who knew Joyce,
rle later sued him for the cost of a pair of
rousers he purchased for Joyce's
production of The Importance of Being
Earnest, in which Carr was a star. However,
because the story is a reminiscence of an old
cantankerous Henry Carr, the play moves
nto the realms of fantasy. Stoppard expands upon the truth in an effort to make the
past more sensational than it really was.
Here is an opportunity of seeing three
major historical figures under one light,
•eacting and responding to each other's
ideas on art. The foppish Carr is the perfect
contrast to all of their intellects. It is an
spportunity  which  makes   the   audience
eedy for the sight of all locking horns and
jing battle. But it is here the play misses
The trouble is, Henry Carr takes the
spotlight away from Tzara, Joyce and
Lenin, and dominates too much of the show.
Carr is a functionally good comic figure in
the story (lovingly played by Christopher
Newton) and Stoppard uses him cleverly as
a bridge between the armchair speculater of
art, and the men like Tzara and Joyce.
But as far as satiating the desire for
character conflict goes, Carr confounds the
play with his dominance. If all these great
people are to be on stage, they should be
The irritating thing is, there are moments
as in a heated confrontation between Tzara
and Joyce, where Stoppard has conflict
doing wonders for him.
Tzara: Your art has failed. You've turned
literature into a religion and it's as dead as
all the rest, it's an overripe corpse and
you're cutting fancy figures at the wake. It's
too late for geniuses! Now we need vandals
and desecrators, simple-minded demolition
men to smash centuries of baroque subtlety,
to bring down the temple . . .
Joyce: You are an over-excited little man,
with a need for self-expression far beyond
the scopeofyour natural gifts . . .An artist
is the magician put among men to gratify —
capriciously — their urge for immortality.
The Temples are built and brought down
around him, continuously and continuougly
from Troy to the fields of Flanders. If there
is any meaning in any of it, it is in what
survives as art . . . What now of the Trojan
War if it had been passed over by the artist's
touch? Dust.
But thereisnot enough of this. Henry Carr
steals the spotlight again and deprives the
play of all the great dramatic possibilities
these characters present.
The character of Lenin, played by
Terence Kelly, is especially mistreated by
Stoppard. Very little of him is seen in the
first act, and most of what is said of him is
through newspaper articles and books.
Suddenly in the second act Stoppard
makes him a human being, while telling how
his political values have undermined his
artistic values.
This is such an abrupt about-face from the
farcical mood built up to that point, that
Lenin cannot be related to the other
characters or ideas of the first act. Instead
of taking advantage of what a fascinating
character might react like with the others,
Stoppard isolates Lenin and writes a different play for him.
Not only does this reek of discontinuity, it
is plagiaristic that Stoppard would create
verbal humour of the play. There are
splendid moments when the characters
break out  into   lively   vaudevillian   acts
JAMES JOYCE ... makes academics jump with glee in Travesties
(James Joyce crooning Galway Bay), one
overdone "semi" strip tease act, but again it
was a case of not enough. These moments of
song and dance are necessary to a comedy
with a minimum of physical action and a
maximum of talking in literary flourishes.
Stoppard does not get away with letting
the language do the work for him, as he did
with the Laurel and Hardy banter of his
popular play, Rosencrantz and Guildenstern
are Dead. Much passes by the audience
which really does want to understand and
catch each gag, because the dialogue is long
and wickedly paced. The vaudeville and
his Lenin so closely to the Lenin of already
written record, while fictionalizing more
with Tzara and Joyce.
Another flaw in the play is its inconsistent
use of body humour to spell off the tiring
limerick sequences provide the humour of
the body, not of the tongue — and more is
needed here for the audience to fall back on.
But the Playhouse deserves more praise
than the playwright.
Something has to be said about
Christopher Newton's Colourful performance as Henry Carr. As the foppish
young Carr, Newton is the perfect contradiction of what he'd prefer to think
himself as. He has more concern for the
condition of his trousers than the men dying
in trench warfare all around him.
Heath Lamberts and Andrew Gillies give
goo, if not predictable, characterizations of
Tzara and Joyce, respectively. And with
what he's got Terence Kelly, sporting a nice
Russian accent and make-up job, gives
Lenin a good shot.
Travesties is not a tragedy, it's just a little
over-rated, that's all. But the ideas and gags
in it make it a stimulating two and a half
hours, if that's all that is asked for.
Humor inappropriate in tragedy
One look at the program for The
Revenger's Tragedy indicates that the
performance will not be as serious as the
title suggests. The characters have such
cunningly appropriate names as Spurio,
Ambitioso, Supervacuo and of course,
Vindice, the revenger.
The aptness of the names is enhanced by
the flatness of the characters, who allow
themselves to be described completely by
their names.
This is not, then, an alternative to Hamlet.
It is a melodramatic tale of violence and
The Revenger's Tragedy
By Cyril Tourneur
Directed by Paul Clements
At the Frederic Wood Theatre
Until March 12
The story revolves around Vindice's
struggle to avenge the death of his fiancee.
The duke who was responsible for her death
has a large and equally villainous family.
And all the members of his family need to be
punished for one crime or another.
Vindice's revenge involves a number of
tricks and disguises, and the plot is further
complicated by other revengeful plans. The
duchess is planning an affair with the duke's
illegitimate son. The duchess' own sons are
plotting to kill the duke's heir.
These schemes are interwoven with the
original intrique and they both foil and aid
each other. The result is a complicated plot
and an impressive number of deaths by the
end of the play.
THE REVENGER'S TRAGEDY ... a serious moment as the plot thickens
Director Paul Clements has chosen to play
up the comic elements of the play, with
mixed results. Spurio the bastard, Ambitioso and Supervacuo, the duchess' sons,
and even Vindice are humorous roles. The
actors (Jerry Wasserman, Peter Eliot
Wiess, Morris Panycz and Guy Bannerman
respectively) enhance the comedy as much
as possible. Some of their scenes are very
Unfortunately the other characters do not
respond to this treatment. The exaggeration
of the play's amusing qualities makes any
chance of pathos an impossibility and the
characters who cannot be broadly funny are
left to be boring. Judith Mastai, as the
duchess, and Patricia Knight-Webb, as
Gratiana, Vindice's mother, give respectable performances within the confines of
their roles. Catherine Stewart, however,
chooses to play Castiza, Vindice's virgin
sister, while alternating between histrionics
and stiffness.
This production of The Revenger's
Tragedy is set in Sicily in 1922. Richard Kent
Wilcox has taken advantage of this setting to
create a Sicilian village in one structure
with many facades, displayed on a revolving
stage. This set is, as usual, impressive.
But the play's 17th century language is
wildly incongruous coming from Sicilians in
suits, whose manners otherwise suggest
uneducated inarticulateness. The explanation is of course that the village is
controlled by the Mafia, whose "use of
private violence" and" "corruption of conventional law and order" are appropriate to
The Revenger's Tragedy.
Much of the violence occurs in the last
scene as most of the members of the large
cast set about killing each other off. In the
end Vindice's revenge is complete but then
he too is arrested by a minor character from
the beginning of the play and sent off to
await punishment for his crime. And as the
rest of the cast is dead, the play ends.
Friday, March 11, 1977
Page Friday, 5 vista
People from the songwriting and
playwriting workshops of the
creative writing department will
be presenting an evening of
original songs and short plays
called Sideshow. This takes place
tonight at the Dorothy Somerset
Studio, just behind the Frederic
Wood Theatre and starts at 8 p.m.
Admission is free.
UBC Special Events is presenting a Modern Dance Performance
directed by Janice Leblond at the
SUB theatre Tuesday and Wednesday at8:30p.m. Tickets maybe
obtained at the AMS office or at the
door and are $1.50 for students and
$2.50 for the general public.
At the Vancouver Public Library
Ruth Nichols, a fantasy writer for
children and adults, will be talking
about creating a world of fantasy.
This is the third program in a
series  of four and takes   place
Thursday at 8 p.m. Admission is
The Centre Coffeehouse is
welcoming the return of Hard
Times Two tonight. This singing
group provided excellent entertainment with the Vancouver
Folk Song Society four weeks ago.
Cover charge is $1, tea and coffee,
15 cents a cup.
B.C. artists Gathie Falk, Liz
Magor and Allan Detheridge will
be talking to visitors on Sunday
from 2:30 to 4 p.m. about their
work. Their thematic exhibition,
titled Four Places will be on view
until April 3.
Also in exhibition, until April 10,
at the Vancouver Art Gallery, is a
series of Andy Warhol works. Until
March 27, Canadian paintings of
the 60s and 70s are being shown.
This show is designed to illustrate
a major concern by painters with
the formal qualities of painting.
A touring exhibition of Picasso
from the National Gallery of
Canada will open Wednesday at the
Langley Centennial Museum in
Fort Langley. Picasso and the
Vollard Suite assembles some 40
prints from a much larger suite of
etchings done by Picasso for the
Paris art dealer, Ambroise
Valla rd. Hours daily are from 10
a.m. to 5 p.m., Sundays from 2 to 5
At the Vancouver East Cultural
Centre, Thursday at 8:30 p.m., The
Towne Waytes will perform 16th
century Flemish and Italian
music. Tickets for students are $2
and can be reserved by calling the
centre at 254-9578.
Two songwriters, Katz and
Robins describe their brand of
music as Topical Folk Rock. They
will be performing at the York
Theatre, 639 Commercial Drive,
tonight at 8:30 p.m. Tickets are
$2.50 and can be purchased at the
Brent Carver will be performing
at the Vancouver East Cultural
Centre until Sunday. With him are
Bruce Kellett, Tom Hazlitt, David
Sinclair, Blaine Wikjord and Karen
Carey and Jane Mortifee. Call 254-
9578 for reservations and tickets.
l^s,'s4**: i\'
Opera has become more and
more available to Vancouver
audiences. The North Shore Light
Opera Society presents The Gypsy
Baron by Johann Strauss. This
continues at the North Vancouver
Centennial Theatre tonight at 8
On Tuesday there will be a
Greenpeace Seal film along with
speaker Bob Hunter, the president
of the Greenpeace Foundation at
—matt king phot
. . in the SUB theatre
the Vancouver Public Library, 71
Burrard at 7:30 p.m.
This month the Pacifi
Cinematheque is showing films b
Peter Kubelka, The Maysle
Brothers, and George Stevens
They are also showing new Gei
man and French films. Admissio:
for most films is $1.50 and sho\
times vary from film to film. Cal
732-5322 for information.
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Page Friday, 6
Friday, March  11 ,J 977 Woohs
Sadism central to sports
"Serious sport has nothing to do with fair
)lay. It is bound up with hatred, jealousy,
>oastfulness, disregard of all rules, and
.adistic pleasure in witnessing violence: in
>ther words, it is war minus the shooting" —
Jeorge Orwell.
"Competitive sports are such a bore,
iren't they? And they do such bad things to
>eople." — James Ellison.
Psychology of Sport: The Behavior,
Motivation, Personality and Performance
of  Athletes
3y Dorcas Susan Butt
/an Nostrand Reinhold
'i6.95 paperback, 196 pages
These two quotes, taken from the book,
sum up Susan Butt's theme decrying the
competitiveness and abuse of high-sounding
sporting ideals.
This theme has become familiar in recent
/ears, primarily in works by former
athletes like Bruce Kidd, Dave Meggyssey
and Bernie Parrish who rebelled against the
#in-at-all-costs ethic that dominates sport
However Butt's work brings a potentially
different perspective with her background
as a social psychologist as well as a former
number one ranked Canadian tennis player
and captain of Canada's national women's
tennis team.
Butt is also an associate professor in
UBC's psychology department.
The book is a cogent indictment of the
competitive ethic and commercialism of
modern athletics, based on prominent
Jieories of behavior by such as Konrad
Lorenz and Sigmund Freud as well as observations by Meggyssey and Parrish.
With this approach Butt puts forward a
good analysis of how organized sports have
become so corrupted. She also shows the
effects on various participants — the
athlete, the fan, women, the young, and the
meaning for our society as a whole.
But still the book reminds me of an old
story about three Chinese scholars.
The first two were to debate both sides of
an argument while the third was to evaluate
both arguments and draw a conclusion.
Both debaters presented an adequately
full, well supported argument. But their
arguments were put f orth in such a clinical
academic style that the third student fell
asleep from boredom and the exercise was
never completed.
Butt's book suffers a similar malady. It is
unnecessarily, dry, clinical, and devoid of
the passion that is an attraction of sport and
any level of sportswriting. In short, it is
overly and unnecessarily academic.
One must wonder who Butt regards as her
audience. Although the book is academic in
tone, the content is not so complex that it
could not be understood by many of the
people Butt is writing about.
If the book wasn't written in such a ponderous style, that is.
Butt has helped develop a course at UBC
■Hi      '        '"s
WINNERS ... is this what sport is all about?
dealing with the subject of the book. Quite
possibly the book was written as a badly
needed textbook of sorts for this area of
However the contents of the book really
have more potential than simply as a textbook for university students.
The book's cover makes much mileage
about Butt combining the experiences as a
professor of social science and a high level
of competence and recognition in athletics.
A reading of Butt's book gives no indication that she was once an athlete herself. Nowhere does she offer personal
evidence in her argument.
Instead she writes exclusively from the
detached, dispassionate view of the
academic. She submits a hypothesis and
supports it with the writings of prominent
names like Lorenz or Freud, and observations from athletes.
It is good social science undoubtedly but it
does not make for interesting reading and
not of interest to readers who are not used to
reading academese.
The book does not have to be written this
way. It is not a purely academic study; the
results are of a particular, specific piece of
While this aspect of the book is disappointing, Butt's insight is rewarding enough
to encourage readers.
Butt sets her theoretical framework by
identifying three types of motivation for
athletes: aggression, neurosis and competence.
An advocate of Lorenz's theories of innate
aggression in the human, Butt sees athletics
as an excellent way for people to drain off
these hostilities in a relatively harmless
way. She also believes it a healthy vehicle of
expression for adolescent neuroses.
But, Butt laments, organized athletics
increasingly encourages and reinforces
anti-social behavior by stressing athletics as
a competitive experience rather than a
pursuit of excellence and competence.
She sees athletics as a necessary and
potentially liberating force for both the
individual and society. Instead, she says,
the priorities of athletics are as upside down
as the society in which they are performed.
She points to the Chinese as providing an
example of how a high level of performance
can be achieved without advocating sport as
an intensely nationalistic, fiercely competitive enterprise.
She slams competition and the
predominance of second-hand spectators —
as opposed to participatory — involvement
in sport as the product of a society that
essentially is using sport as the opium of the
people to preserve the status quo.
"Spectator sport preserves the status quo
by taking people's minds and energies away
from important issues that concern their
own lives and society. . . The sporting event
becomes a fix. It becomes a justification for
a way of life that the audience is too ignorant
to question and too passive to correct."
She attacks the characteristics bred by
sport as immature, rigid and unliberating.
She submits evidence from a variety of
studies that identify dominance, aggression,
low ability to withstand change, ego-
centricity, selfishness and materialism as
characteristics most commonly found in
athletes in organized sports.
Is this what our high school physical
education teachers were talking about when
they said sport builds character?
The kind of character that is being
produced, says Butt, is suitable for a
warrior society but detrimental to the state
of mankind — or at least Western, white
society — in the late 20th century.
To build useful character in young people,
sport should teach values of co-operation.
Athletics should be seen as a pursuit of
In an age where children have less chance
than in the past to gain values from close,
intimate relations with parents and other
family and neighborhood figures they look
more and more to athletes seen in the media
as ideals.
But what values are they gaining from
having as heroes people like Derek Sanderson, Joe Namath and Evel Kneivel?
Butt chronicles, with several examples,
the incomplete, immature psychological
character of the majority of athletes active
at high levels of organized sport.
Especially effective is her analysis of the
role conflicts of females in sport. Women
are expected to be athletic and yet criticized
by both overt and subtle means if they appear and act less than feminine.
Sympathetic with the plight of females in
sport she also criticizes them for selling out
to the big money put up by the commercial
interests that so rapaciously dominate
organized athletics and its values.
She gives too little analysis to the role of
the media in reinforcing and encouraging
sports as a tool of nationalism and the
competitive ethic — too little in my opinion.
Still she does heavily assail sports reporting
and broadcasting as horribly irresponsible
and damaging.
She deals simply with sports on an
organized level. She does not specifically
analyze effects athletics has on retarding
involvement in non-organized athletic
She criticizes the competitive values of
sport as being out of touch with trends of
more co-operation, less confrontation in
international politics.
She sees changed attitudes in the multinational corporations that sponsor sports
events and encourage competitive values
and spectator sports as helpful to the corporations' own self interest and perpetuation.
For her to expect "enlightened business
leaders" to change the ideals of the sponsoring multinationals to be more cooperate,
less competitive and profit seeking is, I
think, naive at best.
Yet she may well realize herself that such
corporations are hardly likely to lead the
way to saner values in the world that will
also mean, a saner approach toward
organized athletics.
Instead, she comments:
"A serious economic depression or sudden
educational enlightenment will probably be
needed to alter the existing emphasis in
human values significantly."
So the problems she chronicles are not
easily solved.
This realization of the centrality of sports
to our culture and the tremendous influence
the values that organized athletics engenders is a strength and the major importance
of this book.
For this reason, Psychology of Sport is a
valuable effort.
However it could be that much more
valuable if its style allowed the book to be
read rather than interpreted.
Share the Long Distance feeling with someone you love. OTrans-Canada Telephone System
Friday/March n, 1977
Page Friday, 7 music
Ozark Daredevils plugged
It's not easy to start up a rock
and roll band in the Ozarks. It's
even harder to start a good one.
Somehow, the Ozark Mountain
Daredevils have managed to do
Tlie Daredevils come from areas
of Missouri and Arkansas where
the only music anyone ever hears
on the radio is country. The band
started out when the musicians got
tired of being in bands which
played hits by the Eagles and the
Doobie  Brothers  at  fraternity
dances.   They  came  together  to
play their own kind of music.
Despite the culturally narrow
nature of the Ozark Mountain
Daredevils' home, their music
reveals a variety of influences.
Their eclecticism is matched by
the versatility of the band members. John Dillon handles vocals,
guitars, mandolin, fiddle and
percussion; Larry Lee helps with
the vocals and plays drums,
guitars, piano, synthesizer and
percussion; Mike Granda plays
bass, guitars, mandolin and per
cussion, as well as a strange instrument called an Ozark Mountain mouth bow, which is
something like a giant jews harp.
Steve Cash sings and plays a
variety of harmonicas which he
keeps in what looks like a cartridge
belt; and the band is rounded out
by Rune Walle on guitars and
banjo, Steve Canaday on drums,
Ruell Chappell and Jerry Mills.
The band's music ranges from
bluegrass folk to rocking boogie.
Their first hit, If You Want to Get
to Heaven, was a combination of
pop vocal harmonies and an insistent boogie beat. Jackie Blue,
their second and to date their
biggest hit, was a fine pop tune in
the tradition of intelligent pop
music established by the Beatles
and the Beach Boys.
But some of the band's most
enjoyable music is that which
relies on the simplicity and immediacy of folk music. The Red
Plum is a lovely ballad in the
British folk tradition. Originally
written as a poem, it was later set
to   music   and   features   some
delicate interplay between man
dolins. Homemade Wine is a rocl
song based on country bluegras;
music with an infectious spirit o;
good humor.
The Ozark Mountain Daredevils
played their music to a crowd oi
about 1,500 satisfied music fans ai
the Garden's Auditorium recently
The Vancouver concert came neai
the end of an extensive North
American tour, which the band
indicated had been going very well.
If nothing else, it beats playing
fraternity houses in Arkansas.
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Page Friday, 8
Friday, March  11,  1977 Friday, March 11, 1977
Page 15
Rugby 'Birds take first with victory
A16-3 win over the University of
Victoria Vikings on Wednesday
pushed the Thunderbird rugby
team's Northwest Intercollegiate
league record to 4-0 and clinched
top spot for UBC.
The 'Birds have one league game
remaining, Saturday against the
Western Washington State Vikings,
and are heavy favorites to win.
Puck 'Birds vie for title
UBC is one of four teams from
across Canada competing for the
national collegiate hockey title this
The host team, University of
Alberta Golden Bears, will
represent the Canada West league.
The University of Toronto Blues
will represent the Prairies and
Ontario while St. Mary's Huskies
of Halifax will represent the
Maritimes and Quebec. UBC
Thunderbirds will compete as a
wild card entry.
In league play-off action with
Alberta, the 'Birds handed the
Bears their only home loss of the
season but bowed out to the Bears
in the third game of the best of
three series.
National Hockey Playoffs, UBC vs.
Toronto, 8 p.m., CITR Radio, 650
AM, 89.5 FM.
Western Washington State College at
UBC,      2:30     p.m.,     Thunderbird
B.C.   Wrestling   Championships,   all
day, War Memorial Gym.
UBC     vs.     Mohawks,     2:30    p.m.,
Balaclava     Park.     UBC     (jv)     vs.
Ramblers, 1 p.m., Trafalgar Park.
Novice    Fencing    Tournament,    all
day, Mission.
National     Hockey     Playoffs,     6:30
p.m.,   CITR   Radio   650   AM,   89.5
UBC vs. I.O.D.E. (women), 2 p.m.,
China Creek Park.
Mr. William Hagenstein
Executive Vice-President
of the Industrial Forestry
Association, Portland,
Oregon, and 1977
MacMillan Lecturer
will lead a discussion on:
Time: Wednesday,
March 16, 7:30 p.m.
Place: Garden Room
UBC Graduate
Student Centre
Refreshments available
League coaches selected
goaltender Ron Lefebvre, forward
Jim Stuart and defenceman John
Jordan to all-star positions.
Lefebvre and Stuart tied for first
team honors with their counterparts from Alberta, Jack
Cummings and Kevin Primeau,
while Jordan was a solid choice for
the second team.
Stuart led the 'Birds scoring with
32 points while playing in all 24
league games. He tied for third in
league scoring with Rick Hindmarch of Alberta, behind Bob
Laycockof Calgary (33 points) and
Jim Of rim of Alberta (43 points).
Lefebvre was the league iron
man playing 1243 minutes while
allowing 62 goals for a 2.99 goals
against per game average.
Edmonton will play a similar
series against St. Mary's with the
finalists meeting Sunday at noon in
a nationally televised final.
A forty yard ramble by prop
Frank Carson set up his brother
Dennis for the first UBC try of
Wednesday's game. Gary Hiriama
finished off a long backfield play
for the other UBC try. Scrum half
Preston Wiley added a convert and
a penalty goal and Dave Whyte
chipped in another penalty goal to
round out the UBC scoring.
Saturday the 'Birds moved to
within one game of recapturing the
McKechnie Cup as they defeated
the Fraser Valley Rugby Union
Rep side 18-3. That game marked
the return of injured players Ro
Hindson and Whyte. Both played
strong games and figured in the
scoring. Hindson scored a try after
the 'Birds had moved the ball from
their own 25-yard line to a ruck on
the Fraser Valley ten.
Whyte set up the other try of the
game with a fine 30-yard crosskick
that John Oleson scooped up on the
first bounce then staggered into
Wiley added two converts and a
pair of penalty goals.
The win sets up next Saturday's
match with the Victoria Crimson
Tide as the McKechnie Cup final.
The game will be played at
Thunderbird Stadium, the
preliminary will be the consolation
final between the Fraser Valley
side and the Vancouver Rugby
Union Rep side.
Despite the return of Hindson
and Whyte from the ranks of the
walking wounded the UBC injury
picture failed to improve.
Fly  half  John  Billingsley will
If you are in Science
Attend S.U.S. General Meeting.
MARCH 16th- 12:30
(Bzer Door Prizes)
See instructions in other Ad.
TUESDAY MARCH 15th   12:30
We  will   be   accepting nominations  (Room  210
S U.B.) before and during elections.
(Show up please!)
^ -i-X
an extra surprise speaker for Israel Week
will talk about settlement on the West Bank
Friday, March 11,1977
HILLEL HOUSE at 12:30 p.m.
In response to Wednesday's great Falafel success, we will
be serving Falafel again today — only 75c.
miss the remainder of the season
with his shoulder troubles. Jim
Burnham fractured his jaw in last
week's match against the
University of Washington and will
join Billingsley on the sidelines for
the rest of the season. Rob Greig
suffered a severely gashed hand
against Fraser Valley and will not
be able to play for two weeks.
UBC coach Donn Spence was
pleased with his team's performance in their last two outings.
"Our backfield seems to have
come out of the doldrums they
have been in since Christmas. Our
tries are coming off sustained
backline movements. Whyte has
been playing very well," said
Saturday's game will start at
2:30p.m. at Thunderbird Stadium.
Annual Skating Party will be held on Friday, March
11th at 9:45 p.m. on the main rink at the Thunderbird
Winter Sports Centre. Everybody is welcome, and bring
a guest! Also, we'd like to remind all members interested
in going on the Spring Cruise to come to the Wednesday
meeting between now and March 30th. We are having a
big General Meeting on Wednesday, March 16th, to elect
a new executive. Please be there! New Members
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thought of. Available in walnut
veneer finish at slightly higher
the to*md appfoocH to quality        —
KR-4600 AM/FM receivfer
This low distortion receiver is
ideal for powering top quality
speakers 30 watts RMS min X2
at 8 ohms from 20-20,000 Hz.
Amazing   stereo   FM   reception.
TP 1800 stereo turntable
with automatic return
Belt-drive turntable with
synchronous motor. Balanced S
shaped tonearm for better
tracking. Automatic shut-off,
damped cueing. 2 years parts
and labor warranty. Complete
with quality magnetic cartridge,
walnut finish base and hinging
dust cover.
Factory seconds with minor
cabinet finish defects. Fully
guaranteed. "Best Buy" rated
by Independent consumer
magazine. These acoustic
suspension speakers offer
phenomenal bass and extended
high range. 100 watts RMS
power handling capability.
Limited quantity only.
AT ONLY $69.99 ea.
High performance belt drive
turntable with automatic
tonearm return and shut off.
Includes HIGH TRACK Shure
magnetic cartridge.
More Sound for Your Money
2803 W. Broadway (at MacDonald) 736-7771 Page 16
Friday, March  11,1977
we've lowered the cost
of high-fidelity!
^■s•S!m    '"//J?///////,. ■«»
Together for a limited time at a very special, super low price. An outstanding value. The most respected names in
high-fidelity music reproduction combine to give you sound like you've always wanted at a price you can afford The
system price of under $700 includes: walnut turntable base, dust cover SURE M91ED magnetic cartridge and
speaker wire. Come in for a demonstration soon. OFFER EXPIRES APRIL 30,1977.
Make professional
recordings every ,time
with the best buy, top
rated DOLBY cassette
deck from the world's
leading manufacturer of
high-fidelity tape
The great sound of CRAIG
stereo cassette at a low
price that include CRAIG
''405 speakers.
UD   C-60,  12 Per case   36
UD   C-90,  12 per case ^'9S


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