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UBC Publications

UBC Publications

The Ubyssey Jul 6, 1983

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Vol.11 No.2
The Summer Ubyssey
July 6 — July 12, 1983
and Words
One thousand gather to celebrate writing
and excitement penetrated the delegates. It was a world premier. It was a
gathering of almost one thousand women writers in Canada — within UBC's
cloistered walls.
And although the translation equipment was temporarily not functioning
and one of the opening speakers was a no-show, the momentum of the event
was not lost.
A hush fell over UBC's old auditorium. Three of the conference organizers
mounted the stage amid frantic applause and opened the first volley in what
was to become a weekend of sound and voice. There were no apologies that the
first women and words conference was a women-only event.
She challenged the audience —
"(Women of color) wonder if you women
understand your power and your privilege as whites. Many times you say our
work is unpublishable. We demand that
you stop imposing your standards on our
The collective tension in the audience
mounted. "We wonder if it's now politically correct to talk about racism." There
were audible gasps. "We feel that if we
don't deal with these internal struggles we
haven't changed very much. If there is
one oppressed woman in the world, none
of us are free."
But Silvera was received with thundering applause and at the final plenary,
Yvonne Black, a Toronto writer, thanked
the conference organizers for including
sessions dealing with women of color. "It
was not an afterthought," she said.
Discussions of classism in women's
writing was another issue that surfaced
and challenged those writers who have
achieved financial success.
During a workshop on how class affects
women's writing, novelist and poet Helen
Potrebenko described her experiences as
a female member of the working class
being discouraged by her high school
counsellor from going to university where
she could learn literary traditions.
"I learned about literature through the
rejection letters I got from publishers,"
By Julie Wheelwright
"It took several weeks of reflection,"
organizer Betsy Warland said of the decision to close workshop sessions to men.
"We feel this decision is appropriate," she
added, explaining to those who knew too
well the significance of the statement,
that wornen are often reticient to speak
out on issues in the presence of men.
This statement followed on the heels of
attacks from both of Vancouver's daily
newspapers about the exclusion of men.
In a typical leap of logic a Vancouver Sun
editorial whimpered that the organizers'
decision to close the event to men meant
"If you are a man you cannot cover a
panel discussion entitled 'Inadequate
Coverage of Women's News.'"
Province columnist Max Wyman, writing under this stinging insult, even went
to the federal government to ask their
opinion of this monstrous act.
But the solution was easy enough —
both papers sent women reporters.
Meanwhile, the women and words
conference provided a rare opportunity
for women to exchange ideas, addresses,
share experiences and outline for themselves and the world, the obslacles that
have continued to silence them.
Louise Cotnoir, a Quebecoise writer
and editor speaking at the opening night,
said: "Words are illusions; words distort;
language is biased and (women) are the
ones who suffer this bias. We are the
subbasement of language."
"We are fighting against the social
order that has defined us by its language," Cotnoir told the audience — all
women who have shared that experience.
The opening night set many tones for
the weekend. There were no bones about
the fact that problems exist for women
writers; no one publicly objected to the
definition of a women-only event and no
political differences ripped opien the developing fibres of communication.
Makeda Silvera, a member of Fire-
weed's editorial collective, unambiguously
addressed the question posed to all five of
the opening night speakers — how far
have we come?
"I could simply answer that question in
30 seconds by saying 'not far enough',"
she said. "As black women we have had
to fight, cuss and kick to let our voices be
Silvera described the experiences of
black activist feminists in Canada. "Our
collective experiences haven't been good.
All the blacks are men, all the feminists
are white but there are the brave women."
Silvera said when she began to work in
the white feminist literary world she
"found that door carefully guarded and
even shut."
she said. "One quite bluntly said 'Ordinary people don't write about ordinary
people.' "
Potrebenko charged that she also received the same criticism about her work
from the feminist press and she collected
30 rejection letters before her novel Taxi
was published. "There are the women
who share my concerns, but not my attitudes."
One woman asked Potrebenko what
working class women read. "Well, on the
Hastings Express they read Harlequin
Romances and how-to-improve-yourself
books," she replied. Potrebenko, whose
work has received scant attention outside
B.C., stressed that often working class
women read books because they're accessible, not because they're good. And great
literature doesn't appear on drug store
For panelist Carole Itter, a Vancouver
writer and a mother living on and off
welfare, the time to write becomes a luxury she too can seldom afford.
"The time to write becomes a luxury.
Instead of reading and writing I feel I
should be in the kitchen killing cockroaches." Even though the tradition of
economic deprival is a history of women's
experience, Itter said she is "usually
astounded by the number of women writers who grew up in upper middle class
And for the first time at the conference
many women writers were able to share
their often lonely and always frustrating
experiences of dealing with mainstream
During a session on images of women
in the media, Thelma Charlafou, a broad
caster from Peace River, Alberta, criticized the lack of news about women's
issues on northern broadcasting. "The
CBC is terrible in the north. Do we really
need the opera on the radio? No, what we
really need is information about women's
As a broadcaster with "three strikes
against me — I'm middle aged, I'm a
half-breed and I'm a women," Thelma
speaks for and about the women struggling in an oppressive, isolated atmosphere. She's had letters from women who
have said her voice on the radio was the
only thing that kept them going during
the long, lonely nights on their trap lines.
"We do have a very long way to go in
the North. We really need a lot of
One of the recurring themes of the conference was a recognition of the problems
facing women writers. Women agreed
that there is lack of adequate news coverage, that women writers are under-represented, that women are discouraged from
writing, and that publishing and book
distribution are difficult.
When sessions attempted to deal with
solutions, however, they were frustrating
and offered very little concrete information. In a Saturday afternoon session on
strategies for change, Rina Fraticelli
stressed the need for affirmative action
programs in Canada to overcome the
tremendous imbalance in the funds
women artists receive from the federal
But she also cautioned women that,
"We have to keep in mind that affirmative action is an emergency measure."
Panelists Sharon Nelson and Nanci Ros-
sov agreed that these programs are
And yet, delegates were not offered
much more.
It became obvious that the conference
itself was a vital forum for women to
discover each other's work and discuss
future strategies. But frustration about
developing concrete plans was extreme at
the final plenary.
After a flood of heartfelt thanks to the
conference organizers and some gentle
criticism and suggestions from delegates,
the business got underway. Four hours
later only a few delegates remained to
thrash out the nasty business of deciding
on structure.
However, it was agreed that women
across the country will be solicited for
their ideas about the future of the West
Coast Women and Words Society. An
annual general meeting will be held in
Vancouver in 1983 to discuss these ideas
and priorities for the society will be established then.
In the meantime, the society is publishing an anthology of work by women at
the conference and is preparing an archive
of the conference events.
And two years from now, there will be
another weekend of sound and voice —
another first for women. Page 2
Wednesday, July 6, 1983
Escapist movies predictable
All three of this summer's most
awaited movies are glossy, superficial and high-tech continuations of
massively successful escapist series.
Summer is traditionally the season
when most of the movies made for a
mass audience are released, but
Return Of The Jedi, Superman III
and Octopussey have dominated
movie talk since the spring.
Few expected the movies to
wander far from their formulae, and
none have. The big question is
whether they are as good as their
predecessors. In short, Jedi is every
bit as good, Octopussey is better
than most of the recent Bond films,
which isn't a great acheivement, and
Superman III falters because of it's
limp action scenes.
All three movies are true to form
in their grim determination to avoid
subject matter which reminds the
audience of anything relevant to real
life. Not only do the movies create
an alternative world for their viewers to escape into, but they concoct
an alternative human race for viewers to join for two hours.
With Return Of The Jedi, George
Lucas has taken a leaf out of the
Bond playbook. In order to avoid a
slow start he begins his film with a
thrilling and exotic episode which
has nothing to do with the main plot.
The freeing of Han Solo from the
evil and greasy grasp of Jaba The
Hutt occupies the entire first reel of
the film. It allows for a lighter texture and also gives Lucas the chance
to reprise the famous bar scene in
Star Wars.
Having wakened the audience up
with a perky first movement, Lucas
takes his time in the quieter middle
section. He introduces themes which
allow the usual bang crash Luke
Skywalker-battles-Darth Vader finale to take on greater resonance.
The battle involves far more special effects than the previous galactic
movies and there is also the added
complication of cuddly teddy-bearlike Ewoks being stoned by evil
empire troops on the planet below.
But what really turns Jedi into an
edge of the seat success is the importance of the eternal triangle acted
out between Darth Vader, Luke
Skywalker and the evil emperor.
While the good/evil climax of
Jedi manages to grip the audience,
similar possibilities in Superman III
are missed. It is fair to lay the blame
squarely at the feet of director Dick
The scene when Superman splits
in half had immense possibilities. It
is precisely the sort of scene that
Richard Donner, who directed
Superman and half of Superman II,
would have made into something
titanic. But Lester is too smart to be
able to present a life and death
struggle between purity and corruption sincerely.
Lester's talent only shines through
in his eye for funny everyday details.
The long opening scene which turns
an ordinary metropolis street into a
disaster area is hilarious. Likewise,
the scenes in the office of Planet editor Perry White are a pure joy.
But the final climax is the major
disappointment of the movie. Lester
rushes through the conflict between
a supercomputer and Superman like
a queasy tourist rushing through a
Bombay slum on the way to the airport — he has to do it but he doesn't
enjoy it.
James Bond doesn't rush through
anything. He's witty and urbane and
a little older, but that doesn't matter
because there isn't a danger that 007
faces in Octopussey that he hasn't
faced before.
There's the tarantula from Dr.
No, the fight on a train from From
Russia With Love, and the atom
bomb from Goldfinger. There's also
the exciting chase through a large
crowd from Thunderball, altered this
time because he's in Bombay.
The India in this movie is just as
fantasic as any planet George Lucas
might have created. The streets are
scrubbed clean, the beggars smiling
and well-fed. It's a land of princes,
palaces, breath-taking scenery and
bright colours.
The trick in Bond movies is to
make the fantasy world sufficiently
similar to the real one so that the
audience can actually believe that
such events occur in today's world.
Bond, unlike Superman and Luke
Skywalker, is a contemporary human
being. Ironically he is also the hero
who would be most out of place in
the real world, which has changed
considerably since Fleming created
the hero 40 years ago.
Both Clark Kent and Luke Skywalker are far better at treating people as equal human beings, particularly women. It's lucky for Bond that
007 will never have to leave his fantasy world. Lucky for us that we
only spend two hours at a time in it.
Ken Hippert Hair
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Page 3
Protestors picket outside class
Visiting professor Jerzy Wiatr was
met by protesters carrying placards
and chanting "Solidarnosc" as he
entered his first class Monday.
About 25 people, including the
UBC Solidarity Study Group, members of the Vancouver Polish community and other concerned protesters, joined the picket line outside
Buchanan B232.
With signs which read "Defend
our unions, Solidarnosc east and
west," and "Wiatr — your ideology
has killed many Poles," the demonstrators set up picket lines at the
entrance to the building and in the
hallway outside the classroom.
Wiatr is the director of the Party
Institute of Marxism-Leninism in
Warsaw, and a close advisor to General Jaruzelski, leader of the Communist regime.
Study group spokesperson Bill
Tieleman said he felt the protest
against Wiatr's appointment was
successful. "I think we showed Wiatr
no matter where he goes he's going
to face opposition," he said.
Students were handed information sheets as they entered the class
and must now have serious questions abour remaining in Wiatr's
course, he added.
According to David Elkins, act -
ing political science department
head, 19 students were in attendance
for Wiatr's first class — introduction
to political thought. No one has
dropped out of the course, he said.
Elkins tried  to defend  Wiatr's
appointment before the angry protesters and a large group from the
"He (Wiatr) is a distinguished
scholar and a good teacher. He was
appointed to teach here because he's
an expert in his field," he said.
When asked whether Wiatr's position at UBC was formally advertised, Elkins said it was not, but
notice of the opening was circulated
among political science departments
and professional associations.
No qualified Canadian professor
could have filled the position because
they didn't apply for it, Elkins said.
But he admitted there were several
applications for the teaching post.
He said the picket line was conducted in an orderly fashion but he
was upset over an egg thrown by one
of the protesters.
"I'm afraid someone got carried
away and we don't agree with that,"
said Tieleman, referring to the only
disruptive incident in the protest.
Among the protesters was a man
dressed in a Polish military police
outfit complete with a shield, helmet
and riot stick. He performed a mock
beating in the classroom before
Wiatr, who appeared unmoved
throughout the demonstration.
Another picket line will be held
July 25 before Wiatr begins teaching
his other course at UBC, foreign
governments. He will be giving a
public lecture July 14 at 12:30 p.m.
in Buchanan A106 entitled Poland
1983: The aftermath of Pope John
Paul's visit. A question and answer
period will follow the lecture.
—noil lucente photo
CONCERNED AND ANGRY demonstrators stood firmly outside the Buchanan building Monday to
protestthe hiring ofvisiting Polish professor Jerzy Wiatr. Inside, an orderly picket line was conducted
while information sheets were handed out to prospective students of Wiatr and others in attendance.
*  Canadian women writers face sexist barriers
Almost a thousand Canadian
women converged on UBC last weekend to confront the sexism they
encounter as writers.
The bilingual conference, organized by the West Coast Women and
Words Society, focused on overcoming the many obstacles and barriers facing women writers.
The extent of this discrimination
did not surface until last year, when
the feminist quarterly Fireweed ran
a report entitled Bemused, Branded,
and Belittled: Women and Writing
in Canada.
Statistics from this report were
used by conference organizers to
apply for government grants. The
report is only documentation of the
status of women writers in Canada.
Author Sharon Nelson concluded
that the limited number of successful
women writers is a political problem
and not a lack of artistic ability
"The most important single factor
in the conventional success of a
work of art is the gender of the
artist," she said in an interview
Women in Canada seldom become
well-known as writers because they
are denied access to grant money,
publishers, and review space, said
"Women can't get published. We
can't get giants or distribution. We
certainly can't get marketing or press
coverage," she said. "For a writer
that's death."
This happens because Canada's
mainstream literary culture is dominated by men who still tend to stereotype women. Nelson said. It
parallels the lower economic status
of women in the workplace, she
"All of'our problems are financial.
It's a question of dollars and cents.
Women are underpaid in the work
force and cannot buy themselves the
time to write."
The secondary status of women is
directly reflected in government policies, said Nelson. Men far outnumber women on the juries which
allocate Canada Council grants, and
in the last 10 years, only 28 per cent
of all grants to individual writers
went to women.
"Women have been excluded from
receiving a grant before they even
read the grant booklets, let alone fill
out an application form. Women get
very little money and women's projects get even less," Nelson said.
She is critical of the government's
lack of concern for barriers faced by
some women writers. "Any government which does not have a policy
with teeth in it for affirmative action
• for women is maintaining the status
quo, and that is sexist. It is discriminatory because it allows the power
structure to continue to operate in
ways that exclude women."
The imbalance on government
juries is partially because women
can seldom afford the time or money
to travel to Ottawa, Nelson said.
Again, this is related to the secondary economic status of women in the
workplace and the male dominated
elite of Canadian literature, she said.
The structure of Canadian universities is also responsible for the invisibility of women writers, said Nel
son. Academics control review space
and have connections with publish-
ers.and influential people who sit on
grant juries, she said.
Only 12.5 per cent of tenured academics in Canada are women, and
this correlates to women receiving
only one-fifth of the review space,
said Nelson's report.
"It was clear that women were not
represented in proportion to their
talents and abilities."
Feminist 'conspires'
Media ignores women's news
News coverage of women's issues
in the mainstream media is "fundamentally tainted," charged a Que-
becoise journalist at the weekend
long Women and Words conference.
The commercial media transmits
information which reflects the values
and interests of white, affluent males,
Armande St. Jean told 150 women
writers attending a panel in Angus
The media exploits women by
depicting them as objects of illustration and by sensationalizing
women's issues, she said. Women
are portrayed as banal because they
are given information they supposedly need to fulfill their role in a
male-oriented society, she added.
In a bid to reduce the dissent
emanating from the women's movement, the media highlights the exceptional success of certain women,
while distorting the rest, St. Jean
Linda Briskin, an Ontario writer
and videodocumentarist,agreed. "It
portrays the women in the movement as men-haters and bra-burners.
And it treats with disdain what it
perceives as the continual griping of
Briskin emphasized the role of
individualism in trying to understand
the media's ridicule and inadequate
coverage of the women's movement.
The notion of individualism, she
explained, teaches people to focus
on their individual energies, not on
their collective strength.
"We live in a society that is ideologically resistant to change. Thus
the media focuses on the plight or
success of individual women, not on
the mass collective action of thousands." she said.
Briskin stressed the women's movement is invisible in the media because
the press and television stations
ignore the impact of pressure groups
and present parliamentary legislation in a vacuum. They also hold the
view that major social change will
result in chaos, she said, and that the
only acceptable change is at the
individual level.
But there are alternatives. Feminist publications strengthen and define the women's movement, said
Patty Gibson, editor of Vancouver's
feminist newspaper Kinesis.
In the past decade, women's news
was trivialized and treated as entertainment, she said. But as the movement matured, the media's perceptions changed, Gibson said.
"We can no longer be dismissed.
We are perceived as a threat. The
media's image of us and our message
is much more hateful and paranoiac.
Feminist publications are openly
biased, she said. Often the women
writing to feminist newspapers are
engaged in the issues they are reporting on, said Gibson. She called this
type of journalism "participatory".
She cited the example of the recent
Red Hot Video trial in Victoria in
which the media ignored the accumulated efforts of women's groups
in bringing Red Hot to court. Victoria's Women Against Pornography
wrote an article about the trial in
Kinesis' July issue.
"A journalist couldn't have written that article. She wouldn't have
had the inside information and experience. Women should write about
the issues they are working on.
When a group of male columnists
accused Sharon H. Nelson of initiating a "feminist conspiracy" against
the L-eague of Canadian Poets, she
could only laugh.
A column in Toronto's Quill &>
Quire magazine blasted the West
Coast Women and Words Society's
intention to hold a conference for
women writers. And because the
society's initial press release quoted
some of Nelson's statistics from a
report she wrote, the columnists
concluded she was behind the "conspiracy."
Nelson, a Quebecoise woman poet,
had nothing to do with Women and
Words. "They thought there was this
one crazy hysterical bitch in Montreal causing trouble," she said
But Nelson had stirred up the
hornet's nest before.
When she attended the league's
annual general meeting in Toronto
1981, and was "shell-shocked" at the
blatant sexism of its executive, she'
decided to take political action.
"They were talking about a 'poetess' — a word that had been outlawed by the Canadian Press years
ago. And what's more, these people
are so behind and ignorant they
weren't even embarrassed.
"I was very, very angry."
With the help of other women,
Nelson formed a women's caucus
open only to the league's female
members. They applied to the federal government for funding — much
to the amazement of the league's
executive, which forbade them to
take any money.
The league's first feminist caucus
received the funding and met in February 1982. It then began to compile
statistics illustrating the league's discrimination against women writers.
"It was clear women weren't represented in proportion to their talents
and abilities," she said.
Armed with statistics. Nelson
wrote an article for the league's newsletter discussing the low representation of women's poetry in well-known
anthologies and the small number of
women on the league executive.
Nelson thought the newsletter
would only be read by league members. "But it went out across the
country and the shit hit the fan."
Many prominent poets consequently
The league is just starting to recover, she said.
When the Women and Words
Society was getting organized, it
used Nelson's analysis of the situation facing women poets because it
was the only one in print, she added.
The Quebecoise poet, who has
recently published a book of verse
entitled Mad Women and Crazy
Ladies, said she wonders about the
"conspiracy theory".
"Who were the conspirators? What
was the conspiracy for?" she asked.
"Men thought women were conspiring just like a bunch of witches.
But a lot of women writers independently began to perceive and
explore what was happening to them.
"And once you begin to see the tip
of the political iceberg, you never
forget what you've learned." Page 4
Wednesday, July 6,1983
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Writing women
At a unique conference on the weekend, women writers celebrated
their strengths and discussed the sexual politics of Canadian literature.
Women and Words' organizers explained in their opening remarks
how they contacted competent and talented women writers to speak at
the conference, but surprisingly many were reticent to accept the
Many women lack the confidence to give voice to their knowledge
and to share their experiences before a large gathering, the organizers
said. And this is continually reinforced by social conditioning and by the
images of women in the media.
But women writers were inspired by the conference's uplifting mood
and the excitement surrounding the women-only event. It was the first
time in history that almost a thousand women had gathered to explore
their writing and to acknowledge their voices in Canadian culture.
One East Indian woman quietly told a group of women attending a
panel about her insecurity as a writer living in a foreign country.
"I write on grocery bags or when I have moments in between cooking. I was so shy to talk about my writing, but after seeing so many
women writers, I'm not shy now," she said as cheers filled the room.
Women at UBC aspiring to be journalists or wanting to write for
UBC's student newspaper encounter these same feelings. Often
women who enter the Ubyssey office and leave after writing one story
never come back.
The newsroom, probably like most newsrooms in the country, is male
oriented and sometimes gives the impression of being a boy's club.
Most male reporters try to change their sexist attitudes and stereotypes
of women, but it is understandable that women don't want to work in
such an atmosphere.
But, as Virginia Woolf so eloquently stated in A Room of One's Own,
women must assert their voice. Realizing that we haven't come far
enough in terms of establishing our place in Canadian culture, we must
carry on the tradition started at the conference.
So we, the women writers of The Ubyssey, invite feminist women
students to join the Ubyssey.
Wiatr an unwelcome
ambassador at UBC
The following is an open letter to
Jerzy Wiatr from the UBC Solidarity Study Group.
The U BC Solidarity Study Group
which firmly believes in free trade-
unionism and workers self management, freedom of speech and academic freedom, and the respect of
human rights, firmly opposes your
appointment as a summer lecturer at
our university.
We do not believe that asking for
the rescindment of your appointment and the boycott of your classes
are interfering with academic free-
dem or freedom of speech.
We do not oppose your ideology
and its free expression. We perceive
your visit to the University of British
Columbia as more than an academic
exercise. You are an ideologue, spo-
kesperson and unnofficial ambassador of Jaruzelski's regime. Your
appointment is a tacit acceptance of
the repressive actions of the government for which you work, and
therefore, represent.
The UBC Solidarity Study Group
and sympathizers are here to show
you that you are not welcome, and
that the repression of trade-unionists, academics, and intellectuals
under any circumstances will never
go unnoticed and will always be
In solidarity with SOLIDARNOSC
Eva Busza
Horacio de la Cueva
Fraser Easton
Arnold Hedstrom
Alice Kim
Bill Tieleman
Msffitf   to?
POLAND ... under martial law for 18 months.
Society not so vile
We the members of the newly
formed UBC Society for Shitheads,
would like to say a few words to
those who brand us as vile, disgusting, and incompetent urchins.
The fact that we have brush cuts,
scars on our bodies, and wear old
lumberman jackets is not a true
reflection of our positive aims and
goals as. young Canadians. We may
look ugly as hell, but we're not your
average shitheads.
Bernard Dogbreath
As one protester outside Jerzy Wiatr's class
pointed out Monday, David Elkins, despite his
position as acting political science head,
seems to know very little about the appointment of the Polish professor. Or rather, he is
telling very little.
Every question directed towards Elkins at
the picket line was handled in a safe, cautious
manner. He is the man ultimately responsible
for the appointment of Wiatr, but yet tried to
cover up the details of Wiatr's position in
Poland and the circumstances of his hiring at
Local Solidarity support groups have documented evidence of Wiatr's position in
Poland as a top member of the repressive
Jaruzelski regime. They also have clearly determined he is director of the Party Institute of
Marxism-Leninism, which serves to justify the
military regime. But Elkins insists on ignoring
and even denying this information.
Concerning Wiatr's appointment, Elkins
cannot recall how many others applied for the
position. He cannot even offer sufficient proof
of the position being advertised to equally
qualified Canadian professors first.
Elkins is trying to defend an appointment
that can't be justified. By dismissing the facts
about Wiatr's position and the regime he
represents as "irrelevant" information, Elkins
shows he has made an irresponsible decision
by hiring Wiatr.
A university is supposedly an institute of
higher learning, where people are made aware
of concepts such as freedom and justice. If
the criteria for hiring at this university are so
lax as to employ a representative of a regime
which has a low regard for these concepts,
then procedures must be re-examined.
Until such action istaken, protest must continue against people like Jerzy Wiatr, no matter how "distinguished" they are. And waiting
for the political science department to realize
the ramifications of their actions is obviously
not the answer. Predictably, only a few professors have stepped forward in protest
against Wiatr's appointment.
The strongest objections will ultimately
come from students protesting outside Wiatr's
At a lecture to be held July 14, Wiatr will
most likely use his alloted time to justify the
Polish regime. He will likely offer his version,
or more accurately the Party version, of the
government's attitude towards human rights
and the repressed trade union Solidarity.
A question and answer period will follow
Wiatr's speech. This time should be used to
confront him on these issues. UBC students,
faculty, and staff should use the opportunity
to protest against his hiring, and to show
support for the Polish people.
Letters should be as brief as possible and typed on a 70 space line.
They must be hand delivered and
identification shown by 4:30 p.m.
the Friday before publication to The
Ubyssey's office in SUB 241k.
The summer Ubyssey reserves the
right to edit for brevity, taste, libel,
grammar and spelling. Sexist or
racist letters will not run.
Please address letters to the newspaper staff, because there is no editor, and if there was one, chancesare
67-33 that "Sir" would be a woman.
If you have any questions or comments, drop by SUB 241k, or call us
at 228-2301/2305
Wednesday, July 6, 1983
The Summer Ubyssey is published Wednesdays during
summer session by the Alma Mater Society of the University of
British Columbia, with the assistance of a grant from the provincial government Youth Employment Program. Editorial
opinions are those of the staff and are not necessarily those of
the AMS, the university administration or the provincial
government. Member, Canadian University Press. The Summer Ubyssey's editorial office is SUB 241k. Editorial departments, 228-2301; Advertising, 228-3977.
"Who goes there,'- asked Sarah Cox, the protector of the group
armed with Wendo knowledge At her side was Muriel Draaisma, hailing from the east end
which explained her tough but loveable exterior. Trailing close behind was Chris Wong.
The fearless three approached the door, stomping right over Brian Jones and
Shaffin Shariff. both totally confused by the powerful forces of fear and respect that engulfed
the crowd. In the corner Neil Lucente and Peter Berlin quietly giggled to themselves about the
hack;ngcough that filled the room.   "It's a btrd, it's a plane, no it's Julie Wheelwright."
following Wheelwright were Gten Sanford and Arnold  Hedstrom   The  hacks had truly
returned  Alice Thompson preserved this incredible scene into a photo album Wednesday, July 6, 1983
Page 5
Council examines CFS alternative
*    Student council took steps June
29 towards sending delegates to a
conference on alternatives to the
Canadian Federation of Students.
Council will send a letter to the
Conference  organizers in Toronto
for more information on the October meeting, which is open only to
non-CFS members.
But some UBC councilors charge
the conference, organized by the
University of Toronto student administration council, will undermine
Council Briefs
Tf we go to this conference it's a
signal that we don't support CFS,"
rehab medicine representative Sheila
Howick said. "It's sort of a slap in
_ — alice thompson photo
ASPIRING EQUESTRIAN Edith Edsel flashes sinister grin after
committing dastardly deeds to her thoroughbreed. Only the head
remains of the once proud four-legged wonder. Edith plans to tone
down her racing style to extend the life-span of her furry friends.
Trotskiests were rumoured to have given their wholehearted approval.
Recycling creates jobs
Paper, paper, everywhere.
That's what you will see if you
Jook in most garbage cans at UBC.
Paper composes almost 50 per
.cent of the university's garbage and
is a valuable source of revenue.
Paper mills particularly seek the
high quality paper used in large
quantities in the computer science
.building and during exams.
"There's  no excuse  for  waste,"
said Anita Miettunen, one of three
Oops, oops
In the first issue of The Summer
Ubyssey (June 29) we printed a
jihoto of two participants of the
Associated Country Women of the
World conference with a caption
"referring to some fellows named
Marx and Engels and their manifesto.
We apologize to these women and
others who were under the impression we were mocking the conference or its participants. Our style
■*"with photo captions is to write a few
witty sentences which make absolutely no sense. They are not intended
as news comments. We don't have a
manifesto either.
students currently investigating the
feasibility of a paper recovery program at UBC.
UBC'senvironment interest group
applied for and received a federal
government summer student employment grant to find out how
much paper is recoverable, and the
quality of that paper.
The EIG's recycling committee is
trying to draw up a. model for a pilot
project to be implemented by the
administration in the fall
"It's not going to work if students
take the responsibility. The student
population is transient and there is
the threat of contamination from
apple cores or orange peels dropped
in the bins," Miettunen said.
The committee has opted to try
the recycling system in offices first
and is modelling its proposal after
Environment Canada's "at-source
separation" program which was
designed specifically for federal
office buildings.
"Office workers will have a separate receptacle on their desk tops into
which they could put paper into,"
said Miettunen. Almost 75 per cent
of all office high quality papercan be
the face for CFS against things that
they've done."
External affairs coordinator Lisa
Hebert said it would be wrong to
change the existing avenues for student action at a time when CFS has
achieved victories.
In a letter to council, U of T
organizers said the conference's
goals are to discuss:
• the purpose and organization of
a national student movement,
• the problems and benefits of
• the mechanics of student and
government liaison,
• student concerns like unemployment, funding, and program cuts.
"Why not go, are we scared or
something?" asked student board
rep Dave Frank.
Vice president Renee Comesotti
told council it is good business to see
both sides of the story.
But Hebert said the unbudgeted
fee of $ 100 was too costly compared
to CFS fees of $43 for their conferences.
"I really think they're trying to
profit," she said.
In another motion, council voted
to contribute $500 to CFS to hire an
Alberta staff person.
Council passed a motion condemning the Quebec national assembly's
Bill 32 which calls for student associations to deconstitute until they
can pass a fee referenda by 25 per
cent yes votes.
Concordia University sent a special delivery communique and placed
emergency calls to councils asking
for support telegrams.
A strong stand should be taken
against the bill, said Frank.
"What (the bill) would do is completely destroy what has been built
on campuses in Canada," he said.
Ambiguity clouds changes
Confusion surrounds B.C.'s eligibility rules for student aid as financial award officers attempt to interpret the new criteria.
Students are receiving different
interpretations of the new independent status criteria because the provincial government has failed to distribute its policy manuals, said Stephen Leary, Canadian Federation of
Students — Pacific Region chair.
"The main problem is students are
asking questions and we don't have
the answers. We don't know if there
will be exceptions to the criteria,"
said David Crawford, Simon Fraser
University's assistant financial aid
According to the new eligibility
rules, students who live in their parent's home for more than six weeks,
drive their parents' car to school or
receive more than $600 in cash or
kind are considered financially
Students who live in their parent's
home but pay rent at market price
may be exempted from dependent
status at some financial awards offices, but not at others, said Learey.
U BC is one of the institutions taking a "hard line" about the new eligibility requirements for independent
status, Learey said. This is due to its
large number of applicants, he added.
"At UBC it's like a factory. Colleges are taking a much more personal view of the situation," he said.
But Dan Worsley, UBC's assistant financial awards director, said
his office was only given the information contained in the student aid
booklet. "We've had no qualifications from the govenment," he said.
Learey said CFS representatives
met with education ministry officials
to notify them of the discrepancy in
the interpretations. The government
then mailed special instruction sheets
to award offices, but neither UBC
nor SFU had received them by June
30, their early application deadlines.
"It's too late for students who
have already applied," Learey said.
UBC expects a 10 per cent increase in total applicants, while SFU
anticipates a 50 percent increase, up
from last year's 30 per cent increase.
By July 4, Worsley estimated UBC
would have between 3,800 and 4,000
applicants. Crawford said SFU would
have a total of 850.
"The government's delay is making it impossible for us to catch up
with the backlog, said Worsley. "We
can't even make clerical adjustments
on the applications because we don't
have the manuals," he said, adding
students will probably receive their
documents late.
Jobless students helped by AMS
The Alma Mater Society has suggested a partial solution to critically
high youth unemployment in B.C.,
but the provincial government refuses to consider its proposal.
The AMS has asked the labor
ministry to double the amount of
money allocated for the Youth
Employment Program, increasing
the funding to $20 million, external
affairs co-ordinator Lisa Hebert
The request was made because the
government refuses to address the
youth unemployment situation, Hebert said. Simon Fraser University's
Student Society has also asked the
government to create more jobs for
young people, she added.
"The unemployment figures are
really critical and the government
isn't doing anything about it," said
One out of four young British
Columbians was unemployed in
May, up 123 per cent from two years
ago, according to Statistics Canada.
Over a third of those who managed
to find work were only employed
Kathy Mayo, executive assistant
to B.C. labor minister Robert
McLelland, said there is no chance
the requests for more jobs will be
"There just isn't the money in the
budget," she said. "There won't be
any more funds this year."
The ministry had no plans for any
other job creation programs, said
Mayo. "You'll have to talk to the
minister about why."
McLelland was unavailable for
Unemployment is even higher
than government statistics indicate,
said Hebert, because the statistics do
not include people who have given
up looking for work, and consider
others employed even if they are
only paid for one hour a week.
The unemployment figures will
climb even higher during June and
July, said Hebert. "The high school
students will be flooding the unemployment situation," she said. "The
July figures will be at a peak."
Hebert urged concerned students
to write letters to the provincial
government, and is organizing an
external affairs committee to plan
action protesting unemployment.
More funds needed
Record unemployment and tighter restrictions for student aid have
prompted the Alma Mater Society
to request expansion of the work
study program.
The board of governors will vote
on the request for $450,000 Thursday, and if approved, it will increase
UBC's contribution to the program
by $200,000. Last year, when the
work study program was first instituted, the provincial government
also contributed money, but AMS
external affairs co-ordinator Lisa
Hebert said the government might
not fund the program this year.
"We haven't had any indication
from them that they will," she said.
Work study is a program for students who qualify for student assistance above the maximum amount
available, said Hebert. Students
work in vari ous departments of the
university for union wages and do
anything from filing to computer
Last year students swamped the
Canada Employment Centre with
applications, said Hebert.
"There are so many students who
are eligible," she said. "The awards
office has to limit the criteria."
The program created 400 jobs last
year, and will give 500 students the
opportunity to work this year, said
Pat Crackenthorpe, an employee
of the Canada Employment Centre
who co-authored a study on the program, said it had been a tremendous
Hebert is optimistic about the
program's continuation. "Many of
the board of governors members
have indicated their support and
approval," she said.
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Wednesday, July 6, 1983
Gettin Off Easy: three of Vancouver's hip-
pest jazz vocalists, July 9, Classical Joint,
231 Carrall, 689-0667.
Wyatt Ruther Quartet: a special evening of
jazz, July 10, Classical Joint.
Phoenix Jazzers: dixieland sounds, July 8
and 12, Hot Jazz Club, 36 East Broadway,
Cassation Group: musica humana — an
evening of new electro-acoustic music, July
9, 8 p.m., Metro Media, 1037 Commercial,
Rank And File/Melody Pimps: cowboy-
punk, July 9, Commodore Ballroom,
Elvin Bishop: with the Tower of Power horn
section. July 8. Commodore Ballroom,
Masayuki Koga: master of the Shakuhachi
flute, July 10,8 p.m., Vancouver East Cultural Centre, 733-7775
mercial, 253-5455) July 6-7: King of Comedy, 7:30 p.m.; Betrayal, 9:35 p.m. July
8-10: The African Queen. 7:30 p.m.; King
Of Hearts. 9:25 p.m. July 11 -12: Dona Flor
And Her Two Husbands,. 7:30 p.m.; I Love
You, 9:30 p.m.
Savoy Cinema (Main and Kingsway,
872-2124) July 6-7: Bad Boys, 7:30 p.m.;
Massacre At Central High. 9:45 p.m. July
8-10: Friday The 13th, Part 3,7:30 and 11
p.m.; Frankenstein, 9:15 p.m July 11-12:
Union City. 7:30 p.m.; Eraserhead. 9:15
Pacific Cinematheque (Robson Square
Media Centre. 800 Robson, 732-6119) July
7: Parashuram, 7 p.m.; Akaler Sandhane,
9 p.m., July 8: Dance On Film Series: Spar-
tacus. 7:30 and 9:30 p.m., July 9: Making
Dances, 7:30 p.m.; Quarry, 9:30 p.m.
Surrey Art Gallery (13750 88th Ave.,
596-7461 (Salute to George Cukor film series. July 6: Dinner At Eight, 8 p.m July 13:
Holiday, 8 p.m.
Ridge Theatre (16th and Arbutus, 738-6311)
Starstruck, an Australian musical, playing
indefinitely, 7:30 and 9:30 p.m.
Vancouver East Cinema (7th and Corn-
Paper Wheat: a fascinating journey through
the history of Saskatchewan, Tues.-Sat 8
p.m.. Studio 58, 100 w 49th, 324-5227.
The Memorandum: a provocative and witty
assault on the madness of efficiency, Mon.-
Sat. 8 p.m.. Wed. two for one, Frederic
Wood Theatre.
As You Like It: the opening production of
the Vancouver Shakespeare Festival, 8 p.m.,
VanierPark, 734-0194.
Table Manners: the first part of Alan Ayck-
bourns's comic trilogy The Norman Conquests, 8:30 p.m., Waterfront Theatre,
Granville Island, 685-6217.
Unit/Pitt  Gallery:  exhibition  of James
Klyman-Mowczan's paintings and drawings,
July 4-16, also Prime Cuts, paintings by
Richard Lukacs, to July 2, 163 W. Pender,
Meeting for students to talk about student aid, July 7, 7 p.m., SUB 260.
Practice, everybody welcome, July 9, 10
p.m.. Aquatic Centre.
Visiting Polish professor Jerzy Wiatr will
Luncheon Smorgasbord
Authentic Chinese Cuisine
Mon Fri   11 30 9 00 p m
Sundays and Hohdavs
,.,., ,       400pm   900 p.m
2142 Western Parkway
UBC Village
be giving a noon hour lecture entitled:
Poland 1983: The Aftermath Of Pope John
Paul's Visit. There will be a question and
answer period after the lecture, Jule 14.
12:30 p.m., Buchanan A106.
Volunteers needed for the recycling hotline information service from 9-5 p.m.,
Mon -Fri., call Cathy at 736-7732.
3 films by MRINAL SEN
Internationally acclaimed
Indian Director
—July 6—
(The Man With the Axe)
—July 7—
(In Search of Famine)
Tix: $5 per performance
Presented by
Canada-Indian Village Aid
Pasta Shoppe & Delicatessen
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• Sandwiches, Quiches, Cold Meats,
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OPEN: Mon., Tues., Wed., Sat. 9:00 a.m. - 6 p.m.
Thurs., Fri. until 7:00 p.m., Sun. Noon - 5:00 p.m.
3625 W. 4th Ave. 738-0122
UBC Students/Faculty/Staff
10% off on pasta
TO GO...
where there's
always something NEW
TO BE...
where there's
• room to stroll
• room to browse
6200 University Boulevard
VOL. 12, No. 1
Hello, and Welcome to   Summer Session '83
JULY 6-12
The Summer Session Association is the student organization of Summer
Session; if you have any problems, concerns or suggestions, please drop by
our office — main floor of SUB, opposite the candy counter. We are there
Monday - Friday, 10 a.m. to 3 p.m. Phone 228-4846
Free, noon-hour outdoor concerts. Bring
your lunch and a friend.
Wednesday, July 6     J.A. All-Stars - SUB
Quintet West - Clock Tower
Mulberry St. Jazz Band - SUB
Hollyburn Ramblers - SUB
Phoenix Jazzers - Music Bldg.
(In the event of rain, concerts will be held in the
conversation-pit area, main floor of SUB.)
Thursday, July 7
Friday, July 8
Monday, July 11
Tuesday, July 12
Free films presented at 7:30 p.m. in IRC
Lecture Hall #2.
Wednesday, July 6:
USED CARS, featuring Jack Warden and
Kurt Russell; a comedy about cops and
Friday, July 8:
Monday, July 11:
NFB Features:
Jacks or Better
The Man Who Love Machines
Arthur Erickson: Architect
Wednesday, July 13:
WRONG IS RIGHT; starring Sean
Connery and Robert Conrad; a comedy
about spies and sneaky stuff in government!
Thursday, July 7
Michael Strutt, Guitar; music of Villa-
Lobos, Brauer, Almeida Morale.
Tuesday, July 12
Edward Norman, organ; music of
Buxtehude, Bach, Mozart, Brahms.
These concerts are held in the Music
Building Recital Hall, and are free to the
public. All concerts are co-sponsored by
the S.S.A., Musicians Union Trust Funds,
Extra-Sessional Office, and the Department
of Music.
The annual UBC Summer Session Blood
Donor Clinic will be held July 20 & 21 in
the Scarfe Building. Please give to this
cause in your usual terrific manner. They
need our help.
Summer Session   Association information is   a service provided
cooperatively by the S.S.A. and The Summer   Ubyssey. Wednesday, July 6,1983
Page 7
Five benefit from punks
V Vancouver's punk rock kings
D.O.A. took to the stage Friday for
« Rock for Freedom benefit concert.
"We're not just here for a gig, to
have some fun, or to drink some
beer. We're here because some friends
of ours are getting screwed," he
^plained at the new York theatre.
The more than $ 1,000 raised will
£p to the defense fund for the five
people arrested in connection with
the bombings of Red Hot Video
outlets, a Litton Systems plant in
Toronto, and a B.C. Hydro substation.
Concert organizer Fredette said
over 600 people attended the performance featuring Vancouver's top
underground bands: D.O.A., Shanghai Dog, The Dreadbeats, No Exit,
and Rebel Troupe.
The crowd included an assortment
W bizarre looking punks and drew
the attention of a CBC camera crew
Thaking a film about political benefits.
In a previous interview, D.O.A.
member Joey Shithead said benefits
were important to help gain support
ftt the five because of the "trial by
media" being conducted in the commercial press.
Most members of the young
audience were aware of the cause
they were supporting and not just
attending for the music, said Fredette.
Shithead agreed and said support
is increasing for the five.
Literature handed out at the door
helped illustrate the evening's theme
of support for the rights of political
Shithead and his band will also be
releasing a single with the profits
going towards the five's defense.
The single was set for a July Canadian release but has been delayed
because of problems with the record
company, Shithead said. The record
is being pressed in Toronto but the
company refuses to put their name
on it because of its political nature,
he said.
The single will now be released
with the name Sudden Death Records, D.O.A.'s own label on the
record, said Shithead.
It contains two songs, Fuck You
with lyrics by one of the five, Gerry
Hannah, and Burn It Down, an anti-
prison song, Shithead said. The sin-
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i:Stephen 261-8855i!
Kaboodles is for kids — big and small.
Stop by and find summer playthings like hula
hoops, bolo bats, sand mills, beach balls, quiet
games for backseat travelling, baby gifts, party
supplies, jelly beans, helium balloons.
224-5311 4462 W. 10th Avenue
Open Friday evenings, too!
formerly Penny's Place
3128 W.Broadway
New &
Nearly New Furs
Ladies Wear
Sz. 5-24, 46-52;
Maternity Wear,
Babies' Children's &
Men's Wear
Tues. - Sat. 10 a.m. - 5 p.m.
— UBC crested T-Shirts, Caps,  Sweatshirts, Shorts, Mugs, Spoons.
— Unique  Gift  Items,   Greeting  Cards,
Souvenirs & Postcards.
PLUS Bathing Suits, Candy, Magazines,
Tobacco, Sundry Drug Needs.
Lower Level
Student Union
Building U.B.C.
Mon. to Fri. 9:30 am • 5:30 pm
Saturday 10 am - 5 pm
Telephone: 224-1911
Visa and MasterCard
Attention Racquetball/Squash Players:
We are offering reserved playing times on
weekends this summer. Book and guarantee
yourself a court for eight consecutive weekends of
play at the time of your choice between the hours
of 7:15 a.m. and 11 p.m., Saturday or Sunday.
Reserved court times must be paid in full when
booking is made
Reserved times for July and August will be accepted
starting Monday, June 20,1983
Our new racquetball/squash ladder starts June
20th also, and is open to everyone.
Watch for it!
U.B.C. COURTS AT 288-6125
UBC Summer Hockey School begins July 2.
Register at any time all summer.
Ice available for rent in the evenings
for recreation hockey. Page 8
THE       S U M»M £"-&       UBYSSEY
Wednesday, July 6,1983
Studio 58's Paper Wheat ripe for harvesting
From the moment you walk into
Paper Wheat, the fresh country
smell from the all wood stage set
creates a realistic image of life on the
Paper Wheat
directed by Catherine Cains
playing at Studio 58 until July 16
With a simple set and few props,
one would think a play would eventually get dull. Not Paper Wheat.
The play, which was first produced by a Saskatoon-based theatre
company, describes the life of immigrant farmers in the Canadian West
in the early 1900's. Their origins and
difficulties are handled with accuracy and historical detail, thus making the characters real and  their
situations authentic.
But Paper Wheat avoids preaching about past sins committed by
Eastern Canadian power brokers.
Instead it deals with the issue as it
should be dealt with — a calm yet
impassioned look at the lives of the
people who first farmed the Saskatchewan prairie. By developing real
people and real problems, Paper
Wheat presents an atmosphere
where the audience can't help but
empathize with the characters.
Experienced French
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Examinations Arranged
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And the characters are right out
of history. There are the Irish and
British workers who came to Canada because there were no more jobs
in the industrial cities. There is the
Ukranian peasant who leaves his
home for the promise of good, free
farmland in a country where he can't
speak the official language. And
there is the young Latvian woman
who arrives with her family, full of
wonder at the diverse new world and
all it has to offer.
Paper Wheat captures the tragedy
of an epoch, showing how the
farmers fell victim to unscrupulous
company and railroad agents, an
unsympathetic Ottawa government,
and the greed of Toronto businessmen.
The play excellently recounts how
the farmers, upon their first arrival
in the late 1800's, become disillusioned with their situation, then coordinate their efforts to form their own
grain sellers' cooperative to bypass
the big Toronto trust companies.
Paper Wheat serves as a wonder
fully enjoyable primer to Western
Canadian history and politics. Pes^
haps the play's best attribute is that
it is able to accomplish its goal with ^
good mix of humor and seriousness.
Paper Wheat also succeeds because it maintains a detailed focus.
Instead of portraying an all-encompassing history of the West, the pla^
concentrates on its agrarian roots.
Without such an emphasis, no story
could truly capture the values and
attitudes that are so often referred to
as Western Alienation.
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during the month of July
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(at 26th)


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