UBC Publications

UBC Publications

UBC Publications

The Ubyssey Nov 28, 1975

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 UBC handed strike notice
UBC library and clerical
workers served 72-hour strike
notice Thursday and vowed to shut
down the university from Dec. 3-7.
Nearly 500 members of the
Association of University and
College Employees, local 1, voted
80 per cent in favor of the five-day
strike — which would almost
certainly close the university —
beginning Wednesday.
And the strike could continue
during exams if the union membership votes after the five days to
remain off the job.
The union would set up picket
lines at all university entrances to
block any administration attempts
to keep the university open, AUCE
president Ian Mackenzie said
Thursday after a closed union
Mackenzie said the union will
also set up round-the-clock pickets
at selected campus buildings,
possibly including UBC libraries.
He said he hopes AUCE and the
administration will end four
months of intermittent
negotiations and settle on a new
contract before the Wednesday
strike deadline.
Administration   spokesmen
Thursday declined comment about
the proposed strike.
The union cannot strike before
mediator Ed Sims prepares a
report on the dispute. But
Mackenzie said he expects Sims to
hand down his report before
Mackenzie said he expects the
administration to accede to
AUCE's     contract     demands,
possibly during negotiations this
"Insofar as the alternative is
shutting the place down, I think
they (the university) will settle
before Wednesday. There is no
reason they shouldn't agree with
Administration president Doug
Kenny would not say if the administration   has   made   con-
Ed profs say they
'know how to teach
tingency plans to continue classes
during a strike.
And administration vice-
president Chuck Connaghan,
responsible for labor relations,
also refused to comment about
what the university will do if a
strike occurs.
"I think we just have to let time
take its course."
Connaghan, a former negotiator
for the Construction Labor
Relations Association, said he is
not sure it ne wiH direct
negotiations himself after Thursday's strike notice.
Mackenzie blamed the union's
decision to strike on "stalling
ploys" by the university whjch he
claims have prolonged the dispute.
University negotiators have been
trying to delay settling a new
See page 2: ADMIN
Education profs at B.C.'s three
public universities refused
Thursday to accept education
minister Eileen Dailly's charge
this week that they have
inadequately "taught the teachers
how to teach."
UBC education prof John Dennison, who stirred the controversy
into a high pitch recently with a
call for university entrance exams,
said students must take much of
the responsibility for becoming
And the deans of all three B.C.
education faculties denied Dailly's
comment that in 1972 some
teachers were graduating into
primary schools without learning
how to teach reading.
"I can say this — to lay the entire
blame on the universities is simplistic," said UBC education dean
John Andrews.
John Ellis, dean of education at
Simon Fraser University, said: "I
don't know who she's referring to."
And Norma Mickelson, acting
education dean at the University of
Victoria, said the "literacy
problem" may not really be as
serious as some have claimed.
They were responding to Dailly's
surprise comment at a Coquitlam
chamber of commerce meeting in
Port Moody Wednesday that
"some of them — some people in
the universities — are critical of
our high school teachers for their
way of teaching English.
"I'd say to those people at the
universities' in the faculties of
education and other faculties, 'You
have taught the teachers how to
teach,' " Dailly said.
Dennison — possibly the severest
critic of inadequate university
entrance standards — said; 'T
think there hasn't been enough
emphasis put on the students
He said high schopl students
wishing to meet university entrance requirements should work
on their own to improve their grasp
of the language.
Thirty soon
As we say in the J biz, folks, The
Ubyssey "thirties" soon. For the
vast majority of you who don't
know what that means, read:
The best student newspaper west
of Blanca will publish just once
more before the alleged students
who toil thanklessly on The
Ubyssey try to salvage some of
their courses.
Next issue is Thursday and it will
feature a special supplement on
the upcoming provincial election.
And this is your last reminder to
get those cards and letters in.
Tween Classes and Hot Flashes
notices will be accepted up until
noon Wednesday.
And he defended high school
programs which de-emphasize
university-entrance literacy skills.
"I don't think the major purpose
of the high school is to prepare
people to enter university," he
When asked if the university
professors should take responsibility for the literacy
problem, Dennison answered:
"No, I don't think so."
Dennison said high school
programs must meet the needs of
those students not bound for
university and high school
teachers must meet conflicting
pressures of parents and school
SFU education dean Ellis said he
can't understand Dailly's comments.
"I don't know who she's
referring to," he said.
"I guess I was talking about the
problem of literacy before the
department of education started
taking an interest in it," he said.
Andrews said: "Certainly we
have a responsibility in the matter."
"But by no means is it exclusively pur responsibility."
Andrews emphasized the
"literacy problem" may not be as
real as some claim because little
research has been done yet into its
(Dailly said Wednesday the
education department is embarking on a testing program to
determine the extent of the
problem. She also said she doesn't
believe there is a reason for
"panic" about declining literacy.)
But Andrews said an emphasis in
teaching toward "discovery
learning," which emphasizes a
freer approach to learning, may
have gone too far in the area of
basic skills.
"Often it has been totally
inappropriately applied in the
basic skills courses," he said.
But "he declined to admit his
faculty is turning out teachers who
are trained to use the modern
approaches inappropriately.
"I don't know what the views of
all the professors in the faculty of
education are," he said.
Mickelson of UVic pointed out
the "literacy issue" isn't really
She said one hundred years ago
Harvard University was having
trouble in getting literate students
and "blamed it on high schools."
"It's a very subtle thing," she
said. "It's difficult to see."
Mickelson, Ellis and Andrews all
denied their universities allowed
some primary teachers to go into
the field without being trained how
to teach reading.
Dailly had said she found that
problem at one university after
taking office in 1972 and she
remedied it later. Dailly didn't
name the university.
—doug field photo
TAKING THEIR CASE to heart of downtown Vancouver, Trident protestors Thursday display Trident
monster in front of main court house. Demonstrators marched through downtown streets carrying 550-foot
long depiction of deadly nuclear submarines, to be based less than 100 miles away.
Hey kid, tan you read?
A lot of students reading this story are probably not
as literate as some educators think they should be.
But it looks like the people who criticize most have
the most simplistic solutions to offer — solutions that
aren't likely to work.
Education minister Eileen Dailly wants to lay the
blame for the so-called literacy problem at the door of
university education faculties.
And UBC's senate thinks earlier diagnostic testing,
and perhaps entrance exams, are ways to get rid of a
nasty problem.
But representatives of B.C. teacher organizations
are quick to point out that what's commonly bandied
about as a literacy problem is a very complex issue.
They do offer some solutions — more money, more
resources, more time off for teachers to learn new
educating techniques.
Most of all, they want co-operation and discussion
between educators at all levels.
Wes Knapp, a B.C. Teachers' Federation staff
member, says the solution "all boils down to additional resources."
"One of the main solutions is to have fewer students
in class," he says. "It means getting more teachers
into the school system.
"As a teacher, I know I can do better things with
fewer students."
Knapp is an English teacher on leave of absence to
work with the federation. He has taught in senior and
junior schools in Vancouver and Kamloops.
Seepage 21: NEED Page 2
Friday, November 28,  1975
'Admin delays talks'
union leader says
From page 1
contract until after Christmas
when they hope federal authorities
will decide if wage controls apply
to AUCE, according to Mackenzie.
Three days before prime
minister Pierre Trudeau announced the wage and price control
program, AUCE members
rejected an administration contract offer including a 19 per cent
wage hike.
Student board,
senate spots
up for grabs
Nominations for student
representatives to UBC's senate
and board of governors will be
open until Dec. 19.
The elections, for two student
board members and a total of 17
student senators, will take place in
Those elected will also sit on
Alma Mater Society council, once
the new AMS constitution, approved in last week's referendum,
goes into effect. This is expected to
happen in spring.
Nomination forms are available :
from the AMS business office and
the registrar's office.
Mackenzie said he does not know
the exact percentage increase
AUCE is now asking but said it is
"considerably above the eight to 12
per cent" federal wage increase,
The union is seeking a base rate,
to its lowest paid employee of
$9.02, up from the current base rate
of $6.33 per hour.
AUCE has claimed the union
would only come under federal
wage controls, announced in mid-
October, if a parallel provincial
legislation enforced them.
The administration has said it
does not know if the controls apply
to the 1,250-member union.
Mackenzie said: "They are
trying to stall us and cloud the
issue over to next term when they
(federal authorities) may bring
something down on us."
"We are not going to wait that
The UBC library and clerical
workers should not be subject to
the federal wage ceiling,
Mackenzie said, because the
university is a provincial, not
federal, institution.
But he added wages are not the
most important issue in the four-
month contracm  dispute.
End of Term
Saturday, November 28   9:00 p.m.
I. H. Member
3644 West 4th Avenue
At Alma
Nov. 28
Dec. 5
$1.00 Cover
8:00 p.m. - 12:30 a.m.
Univ. Blvd. & Westbrook
ANY ROOMS AVAILABLE for the Spring Term
will be offered to those on the Spring Term
Waiting List on December 8 at 1:00 p.m. at the
Housing Office. Those interested must be ready
to pay the Spring Terms fees immediately. The
room assignments will take effect January 4,
November, 1975     Housing Administration Office
We're Doing
it Again
while stock
It's First
Saturday Evening Movie
8:30 p.m.
at Hillel House
The Perfect
On Sale JVoti?
Open Monday thru Friday
12:00 Noon to 3:00 p.m. Friday, November 28,   1975
Page 3
Vendors, evicted Thursday
from SUB by Alma Mater Society
council, say they are outraged at
the decision.
And to prove their determination, they Thursday continued
seUing from temporary stalls"in
the fresh air at the south end of
They also started circulating a
petition   to    require    an    AMS
referendum on their plight.
Vendors charged that Wednesday's council meeting, where
the decision to evict was made,
was "an atrocity" and "just like a
frat party."
Vendor   Jim   Ince   called   the
meeting  "an incredible fiasco."
"They (the councillors)  didn't
even know what they were
discussing," he said.
Ince charged Svend Robinson,
board of governors' student
member, called for a decisive yes
or no vote  on whether  council
wanted the vendors on the main
concourse of SUB or not, shortly
after vendors and councillors had
agreed on a compromise.
—doug field photo
OUT BUT NOT DOWN, crafts people sell their wares outside SUB Thursday after they were booted out of
building by student council motion. Vendors hope to gain student support and are circulating petition with
object of forcing issue to referendum.
SFU students prove
they still remember
Council then voted 10 to eight to
Ince said the vote "completely
negated all they'd talked about,"
noting council had almost decided
to postpone taking action until
after Christmas.
Ince said the craftspaople had
already increased their stock in
preparation for Christmas sales.
The vendors' petition will force a
referendum on the issue if 500
signatures are obtained.
Ince rejected the idea of selling
crafts in the AMS co-op bookstore,
which operates in SUB basement.
"We can't afford their consignment — it would kill us," said
craftsperson John Percy.
Because the bookstore takes 20
per cent consignment, goods would
be more expensive there, he said.
"Furthermore we couldn't talk to
people about our things," Percy
And Lorraine Percy termed as
"bullshit" the charge that craftspeople deprive the bookstore of
She said everybody who now has
a store is having problems with
business. She claimed the
bookstore is operating at a loss
because it has gone back to selling
old books.
Percy said neither she nor any of
the other vendors are in any way
connected with Fourth Avenue or
Gastown stores.
"We're all self-employed," she
said. "We didn't get organized for
the AMS meetings because we're
individuals. We wanted to show
I them that."
"The vendors have the cheapest
price   anywhere,   excepting   the
Eskimos and Indians/' she said.
"We work for $1 per hour.
"We've put over $2,000 into this
business. The AMS is just learning
the game. This is our lives they're
playing with."
A man who sells honey said he
has attended UBC and contributed
money towards the construction of
SUB. He said that he could see high
school dropouts coming to SUB to
make a fast buck "creating a
hassle" but claimed "a grad from
UBC sees and understands the way
student life functions."
Percy said the vendors aren't
even a fire hazard. "We're just as
mobile as a kid with books."
Ince said the AMS handled the
whole thing "very immaturely."
He claimed the AMS made unfair
value judgments on the lifestyles of
the craftspeople.
He asked students to go to an
AMS meeting to see just what sort
of "mealy-mouthed, spineless
boobs they are."
The AMS has tried in the past to
regulate the number of vendors in
SUB and charge them a nominal
fee. The decision to evict the
vendors was recommended by the
SUB management committee. A
SUB management committee
report said the vendors posed
problems regarding fire
regulations, business licenses and
moral responsibility for goods. The
report also claimed students who
each pay an annual SUB building
fee of $15 are subsidizing vendors
by providing them with overhead.
The AMS co-op bookstore, which
also sells crafts, is now running at
a loss because of the business
taken away by the vendors, the
report claimed.
Six years after eight Simon
Fraser University profs were fired
in a political purge, SFU students
are still not prepared to accept
officialdom's solution tor the
Some 200 students, most of them
still in junior high when the SFU
administration tried to eliminate
the political science-anthropology
department, met Wednesday to
voice their objections to a settlement.
Only three students voted
against a motion, presented at
a meeting, asking the Canadian
Association of University Teachers
to reject the settlement SFU is
expected to propose to CAUT this
SFU has proposed that only two
of the seven profs fired, Kathleen
Aberle and David Potter, be offered jobs, while four be offered
research stipends "to upgrade
their academic qualifications," in
the words of SFU vice-president
Stan Roberts.
Another is a tenured prof at
Rutgers University in the U.S. The
eighth has died since the PSA
The SFU student society decided
that two students, Tom Conroy and
Rick Craig, would be sent to Ottawa where the CAUT is holding
meetings Saturday and Sunday in
an effort to resolve the SFU
CAUT imposed a boycott on SFU
after the PSA firings, and has said
the boycott would only be lifted if
all seven PSA profs were reinstated. The boycott was briefly
lifted in 1974 when Pauline Jewett
became head of the university, but
was reimposed this year after
Jewett failed to move to reinstate
the seven.
Craig, one of the students
representing SFU students at the
CAUT meetings, said Thursday he
and Conroy would urge CAUT to
maintain and strengthen the
boycott in any way possible until
all seven profs are rehired.
He said the boycott could be
strengthened if CAUT worked
closer with the Canadian Sociology
and Anthropology Association and
with the American Sociology
Association. He said the CSAA had
investigated the alleged blacklist
of the PSA people fired and
discovered that there had indeed
been such a blacklist.
Mordecai Briemberg, one of the
seven fired profs, said Thursday
the significance of student support
for the seven is that it does not
allow the principal administration
figures to forget about this aspect
of their pasts.
"It is imperative everybody
should be aware of the original
issue, the issue of a political purge.
It makes people in the institution
(SFU) aware of their history."
Briemberg hinted that he feared
people think the problem could be
solved if the seven professors are
compensated for the personal
difficulties the firings have caused.
"The personalities involved
aren't the real issue," he said.
"The real issue is whether the
university should be allowed to
politically purge faculty, to
prevent faculty, with threats of
firing, from teaching views which
(differ from those of) ruling groups
in society."
A brief will be submitted to the
CAUT, on behalf trf the PSA seven,
at the weekend meeting. The
meeting was called specifically to
deal with the SFU matter.
At the Tuesday meeting,
students listened to Jewett and
administrator Bob Brown — who
will represent the SFU administration point of view at the
CAUT meeting — defend their
compromise proposal, and to
Briemberg and SFU prof Hari
Sharma urging that all seven be
Briemberg and Sharma were
cheered throughout the meeting,
and Jewett and Brown were booed
and hissed whenever they arose to
—doug field photo
THIS IS THE WAY those stupid vertical signs should have been mounted. Only problem is that buildings,
earth, people, etc., would also have to be shifted 90' degrees. However, students can be assured university
administration is working on problem.
Vertical signs getting the shift
Those vertical information signs
around campus may soon become
horizontal and addresses may soon
be put on all UBC buildings.
A UBC information officer said
Thursday one sign, located at the
corner of Main Mall and University
Boulevard, has already been
changed and the administration is
awaiting reaction from students
and other users of the campus
before changing more signs.
He said addresses may be added
to the campus buildings "to
provide easier access to people not
familiar with the campus."
The information signs will also
have street names and block
numbers added if the system is
approved, the spokesman said.
The signs were installed two
years ago amid controversy over
their expense and readability.
Critics claimed the vertical format
of the signs made them difficult to
Jordan Kamburoff, head of
physical plant's planning department, drew up the plans for the
new sign system, he said.
Any reaction to the new system
will be passed to the planning
department, he added.
The sign  installation program
was originally budgetted for up to
$100,000, but the administration
only spent a portion of that amount
before it discovered the signs werd
probably useless for people used to
reading with their head in a
horizontal position.
But that wasn't enough — an
administration committee had to
spend a few weeks pondering the
problem before it was finally
admitted the whole idea of installing vertical signs was nothing
less than a fiasco,
The rest of the signs will be
changed if there is favorable
reaction and money is available,
the spokesman said. Page 4
Friday, November 28,  1975
Memory lane
Simon Fraser University students apparently have a long
And, in the ever-changing scheme of things in universities,
that's a good thing.
A real problem in organizing students is the rapid turnover
rate. Here today, gone tomorrow.
Thus an awareness of the past — past issues, past faces,
past confrontations helps to put current situations into
What's all this historical academia about? Don't get
confused. This ain't no history lecture.
It's just that,The Ubyssey looked over at Simon Fraser
University Wednesday and saw what happens if students do
The issue is the firing in 1969 of seven professors who
went on strike in an SFU department. The Canadian
Association of University Teachers slapped a boycott on SFU
and the war has been waging ever since.
Wednesday, six years after the dismissals, 200 students
turned up and voted to oppose a deal currently being worked
out to lift the CAUT boycott.
But looking at UBC one has to wonder what would
happen if a rally was called, say, to support former English
profs Brian Mayne and David Powell?
Most people would probably say: "Who?"
Though popular with students, they were denied tenure at
UBC shortly after the SFU fiasco began.
That incident certainly won't be the last time senior
faculty people try to push their particular viewpoints and
philosophies on academic departments with little input from
those most affected — us the students.
So a gentle reminder — find out what's happened over the
past few years. When some type of scandalous incident or
another does arise, its significance and the ability to organize
against it will be greater.
You can read it all in bound volumes of The Ubyssey in
Main library.
Well, they've done it again. Your
not-so-noble student council, the
notorious Alma Mater Society has
exercised it's dubiously-warranted
powers at Wednesday's council
meeting in directions not
seemingly subscribed to by the
student body. To wit: the ouster of
the craftspeople in SUB counter to
the voice of a current, popular
Frankly, you've elected into
council chambers a mealy-
mouthed, hypocritical and
spineless mismatch of apathetic
jocks, debs and would-be
progressives who can't quite shake
their conservative imprinting
when it comes to questions of value
And to top this farcical scenario
off, decision-making takes the
form of babbling over intellectual
cliches vollied back and forth
across their prestigious round
table until, after a few points
surprisingly surface, some macho
in an impulsive spurt ejaculates a
string of consensus-soliciting
gripes about how unworthy the
topic of the past hours
"discussion" is and calls for a vote
that simply squeezes away any
emerging traces of reason and
perspicasity in favor of dumping
on the craftspeople — rationalizing
same in that enough time was
devoted to the question — time that
was wasted on lip service and
While every other university on
the West Coast manages to sustain
a relatively conscientious student
governing body, and under which
auspices the encroaching sterility
of our crassly commercialized
society is within their campuses,
somewhat staved-off, the UBC
AMS, still infants sucking at the
breast of adolescent identity
reinforcement, allows their frat-
partyish weekly get-together (with
all the predictable grimaces,
gestures) dumps snide comments
hoots and hollers to legislate away
these last traces of handicraft
culture sheerlv as thev don't ad
dress a single fibre of their beer-
bottle repertoire.
With already over 1,000 student
signatures on a new petition to
keep the crafts, one thing is clear;
the owners and governors of SUB
(i.e. you students) are being rip-
You pay hard cash for the right
of self determination in SUB. It is
your building and if you want the
availability of hand-crafted goods,
quality goods at middlemanless
prices, at the time of year you want
it the most, you damn well ought to
insist that your boob demagogues
quit prostituting their office and
authority to the propensities of
mental sluggishness, economic
expedience (they stand to make a
tidy buck by forcing the 30,000
strong Christmas buyers down into
their AMS "bookstore" in SUB
basement) and other such selfish-
oriented cop-outs.
Many of the more aesthetically-
minded students are voicing the
call to boycott their money-
grubbing would-be monopoly, one
of the few options open to you at
this point.
And you can sign the second
petition beginning Nov. 27
automatically directing the AMS to
hold a referendum on the question
of crafts on the main concourse of
SUB. This is, perhaps, only to keep
handcrafts as a visible statement
of your perseverence in humanity.
Don't let an atavistic pocket of
conservative "ne'er-do-wells"
dictate what furnishings you will
have in your already too plastic
and stereotyped SUB, and at what
quality and price range you will
choose your goods from.
To the item, the craftspeople
(who were present though in fact
unheard at the meeting) dealt
decisively with the SUB
management committee's
arguments in favor of the motion to
disallow main concourse craft
Lax intellectual facilities at the
meeting Wednesday evening
however, failed to note the
tenability of their item-by-item
refutation of the exaggerated list of
immaterial arguments against
crafts on the main concourse.
It's up to you, in the last analysis,
to determine the fate of the industrious craftspeople who depend
upon your appreciation and use of
their quality wares for their
studies and support. It is up to you
to clean out the nest of bourgeois,
incompetent emotional midgets.
Come to the meeting Wednesday
evenings at 7 p.m. and see how
they deny you your intelligence.
Nobility is in fact in exile.
Jim Ince
NOVEMBER 28, 1975
Published   Tuesdays,   Thursdays   and   Fridays   throughout   the
university year by the Alma Mater Society of the University of
B.C. Editorial opinions are those of the staff and not of the AMS
or the university administration. Member, Canadian University
Press. The Ubyssey publishes Page Friday, a weekly commentary
and review. The Ubyssey's editorial offices are located in room
241K  of the Student  Union   Building.  Editorial departments,
228-2301; Sports, 228-2305; Advertising, 228-3977.
Editor: Gary Coull
"If I'm elected, I pledge to eliminate industry and boost inflation and
unemployment," bellowed Chris Gainor. "You couldn't even do a good job
of that," sneered Mark Buckshon. Doug Rushton, meanwhile was
autocratically forming his Silly Party slate composed of Gary Coull and
Ralph Maurer, Bagotville-Bonavista; Sue Vohanka and Heather Walker,
Sagaris-Chicoutimi; Marcus Gee and Gregg Thompson, Hope-Nelson;
Paisley Woodward, Norfolk South; Patti-Reay Stahl, Suffolk North; Doug
Field and Peter Cummings, Shenanigan-Slocah; and Brian Gibbard and Bob
Diotte, St. Pie de Bagotte. These candidates were violently denounced by
the members of the Search and Rescue Party: Merilee Robson and Herman
Bakvis, Upper Duck; Greg Strong and Ian Morton, Sado-Masochism ; Ian
Morton, Vancouver-Canuck; Gord Vander Sar, Milwaukee-Mickleburgh;
Anne Wallace, Fairview-Esplanade; Richard Yates and Margrett George,
Mucus Knee; Ted Collins and Mark Lepitre, Saskatchewan-Shumolken;
Cedric Tetzel and David Morris, Potawatami West; Susan Borys and Brian
Novak. Gityerasingear East; and John Sprague, KwityerbeHyachin.
On Wednesday night, the
'students' council held kangaroo
court trying and convicting vendors and craftspeople of making an
honest living. I know some of you
may scoff at this, but some day
maybe you too will have to do some
work for a living and do not
presume I know nothing about
student life at a university because
I did that for three years also.
When we entered the meeting at
7 p.m. most of the council members were busy gossiping and
power tripping on sitting at a big
round table just like the grownups
Remember, these people are
some of our future leaders and
seriously engaged in learning the
game well enough to 'succeed' in
real situations in our legislative
Their grasp of Robert's Rules of
Order was impeccable. A lot of
time was wasted wondering how
the motion to evict vendors could
be discussed. In all fairness, they
did allow any vendors to speak who
wished to before voting.
Most vendors spoke of their
economic survival, their way of
life, the work, months of work, that
went into preparations for
Christmas sales. Many council
members spoke of the necessity to
"control" the vendors.
This is getting to the intended
heart of the motion. "Something is
happening here and we aren't
controlling or profiting from it."
Many vendors, you may be surprised to learn, as was at least one
council member, are self-employed, make their own stuff and
work for far less than the
minimum wage, pay rent and buy
In short we have an overhead
that is not always met by sales.
The store has space donated, take
goods on consignment and pay
$3.20 an hour to four employees
(because to pay them minimum
would be an embarrassment).
Although constantly reminded
by the vendors, the council
members would not grasp the fact
that they were dealing with people
and affecting people's lives. This is
very heavy Karma, folks.
The council has voted for their
own economic interests and turned
from the wishes of the students
they purport to represent and have
endangered the lives of honest
John Percy
a craftsperson
Before Trident Concern Week
began the leader of Pacific Life
Community Jim Douglass was
asked specifically if the protest
was intended in any way to press
for a relocation of the nuclear
submarine base.
He responded that for us to press
for a relocation just to insure our
own safety would be "idiotic and
totally immoral."
Frank Sawatzky of the Alma
Mater Society's speakers' committee, also confirmed that the
location of the base is not the
significant issue.
It seems to me that the location
of this prime nuclear target (near
us) has been brought up more often
than all other issues put together.
Robert Aldridge and William
Epstein spent significant amounts
of time on the location topic and
getting the Trident base moved
was the sole concern of Victoria
MLA David Anderson.
(The idea that the Trident
program would be stopped if we
forced Americans to move the base
is too vain a hope to be credible.)
The special supplement to The
Ubyssey gave about 50 per cent of
its space to discussion of the local
implications of- the Trident
program and the PLC petition
explains: "We refuse to be considered 'collateral' civilian
I am not wishing to question the
integrity of Jim and Frank and I
share with them in their concern. I
believe that the leaders of Trident
Concern Week and those on
campus who are concerned with
this global threat, this completely
immoral waste of money, should
agree on specific and clear
directions in which to channel their
Bryan Baton Friday, November 28,  1975
THE       UBY55EY
Page 5
'BCSF does have
student support9
The following was written in response to
an article which appeared in Soapbox
Tuesday by Bruce Wilson, an arts faculty
representative on student council. Wilson
attacked both the B.C. Students Federation
and the National Union of Students for what
he called their lack of direction, many
irrelevant policies and no grassroots student
support. Janet Neilson is a former staffer
and current treasurer of BCSF.
Much of the current storm of controversy
and discussion about the B.C. Students
Federation, and its relationship with the
National Union of Students, originates from
a basic contradiction in both organizations"
to quote the author of Tuesday's Soapbox.
Controversy there is but it stems entirely
from a misunderstanding of what the BCSF
and NUS really are. Bruce Wilson should
have taken the opportunity to go to the BCSF
conferences and find out what is really going
• on before offering his opinion on the matter.
However, his article provides a good opportunity to dump on some of the rubbish
that has been thrown around in this paper
about the BCSF and NUS lately.
Crass root support
To claim that the BCSF doesn't have
grassroots support on school campuses in
this province for example is plain misinformation. Only BCIT of our public B.C.
institutions has not participated in the
BCSF's conferences. If he wants to know
whether we take grassroots organizing
seriously he should talk to students reps at
BCVS-Burnaby, Vancouver Vocational
Institute, Langara and Capilano where we
have helped student councils draft their
constitutions, organize anti-cutbacks and
anti-fee increase rallies, solicit student
signatures for petitions and organize on-
campus strategy to deal with potentially
destructive manoeuvres of College Councils
and government.
Bob Buckingham of the national union
took the midnight plane from Calgary last
Wednesday when he heard about the Cap
council vote to stop mandatory collection of
fees for the student union and was there
helping Cap student council to organize
against the vote on Thursday morning.
There is no "basic contradiction" between
lobbying and organizing — lobbying
naturally follows on from successful
organizing. The fundamental concept
behind formation of a union is the protection
of legal rights and the fight to gain those
rights which members believe are lacking,
be it a student union, tenants' union labor
union or any other kind of union.
Policy construction
By constructing policy according to the
common ideals of its members, by seeking
out the common ground, a union can
challenge the authorities forcefully and
press for the changes they agree on.
The issues which divide members have a
forum for discussion within a Union in an
atmosphere of mutual respect and concern
which serves to dispel misconception, and
share information. This concept is so fundamental it is difficult to see where the
confusion enters.
On the subject of issues, Bruce Wilson
ridicules the NUS fight for tax deducations
on textbooks and tuition fees without
mentioning that the UBC delegates (upon
threat of withdrawal of UBC from NUS),
demanded that NUS lobby for just these
deductions or lose UBC support. It was
because UBC as a member of NUS
demanded action that the union made
exhaustive efforts to obtain the deductions.
It is hardly fair to criticize NUS for
responding to its members' priorities.
Wilson should also have noted that these
policies are no longer the first priorities of
NUS. Similarly, when BCSF participated in a petition campaign to stop fee
increases at Langara it was because
students  there  felt  the  issue   was   fun
damental to them and the BCSF responded
with their best efforts.
Perhaps Bruce Wilson should respect the
concern of those students particularly in his
ignorance of what led up to the petition.
There is another concept here which
Bruce Wilson cannot seem to grasp and that
is representation. The BCSF is seeking real
representation on decision-making bodies of
the education department and school administration on behalf of B.C. students. The
process is one of continual lobby and gains
are made in a step-wise fashion.
We have, for instance, BCSF reps on the
student aid appeals board, admittedly not a
policy-making body as Bruce Wilson noted,
but this is one step closer to representation
on the new aid advisory committee-which
Ms. Dailly has promised and which will
decide policy. And we will hammer at the
department until the committee is a fact.
Representation is also the philosophy of
the BCSF and NUS executive structures.
Bruce calls for leadership. We have it — we
take our direction from general meetings.
The students tell us what policies they want
and we spend our efforts on their implementation.
That is why the executives are not
structured hierarchically with a president,
secretary, and officers for this and that.
Each executive is individually responsible
for seeing that general meeting policy is
carried out by joining committees which
divide the work amongst them.
We can't tell students and student councils
what they want — they have to tell us what
they want. That's how both the BCSF and
NUS function. That should not even need
More ideas
Bruce Wilson's more intelligent ideas on
where our efforts should be concentrated
such as grants or Manpower allocations for
dependents to single parents and for day
care expansion are already priorities of the
BCSF and NUS. The whole Manpower
training structure which indentures
students under apprenticeship programs,
pays them miserable training wages and
separates parents from children is being
attacked and we have had promises this
weekend that our recommendations will be
listened to in Victoria.
We have recommended that day care be
added to official "operating expenses"
within the terms of the Fiscal Arrangements
Act which would add federal money to that
pot and would encourage provincial spending on day care. Finance minister Dave
Stupich agreed with our recommendations
this weekend at the conference and will open
channels for BCSF input into changing the
The initial research on the FAA was done
for us by NUS, by the way, which points up
the crucial importance of having student
organizations at both levels, national and
His other ideas stink.
Education for all
That the 'shot-in-the-dark' which determined whetheryou would be the offspring of
a corporate king or of a streetsweeper
should be the basis for deciding your
eligibility for student assistance is unacceptable to the BCSF.
There is no room for class discrimination
in the concept of universal accessibility to
education. That, we should discriminate on
the basis of nationality as far as hiring,
promotion and tenure go is also unacceptable and has little to do with the
justifiable aim of ensuring adequate space
for Canadian professors and instructors in
our institutions.
This is the second time that virtually
racist remarks have been made by Bruce
Wilson in response to BCSF policies. We had
recommended that non-immigrant students
should be allowed to seek work in Canada to
See page 20: WILSON'S
Saving Farmland.
Rent Controls. Mincome
Keep the good
that Barrett's done.
British Columbia
has strong leadership.
Authorized by the New Democratic Party Jobs
listed by
borders on science fiction. A
student sits in front of a terminal
and pushes buttons. There are no
flashing lights, no whirring,
whining noises, no puffs of smoke.
Just words which move silently
across the TV screen.
"Hello. Welcome to the Strive
Employment Agency. We have an
opening today for a torpist. This is
a choice job with lots of vacations
for those who value their leisure
Students at several U.S. colleges
this fall are plugging into a
sophisticated computerized
system that uses multiple-choice
questions and fictional situations to
provide career guidance.
SIGI, the System of Interactive
Guidance and Information, is a $1.5
million pet project of the
Educational Testing Service
(ETS), and is designed for students
who have a fuzzy idea of what
comes after college.
Through SIGI, job-concerned
students can get detailed information about 145 different
occupations. Information in the
system, SIGI employees explain, is
frequently updated and expanded
using both regional and national
Occupational training
requirements are related to
courses offered by a particular
The SIGI experience is simple
according to ETS. First a student
is given a series of 10 occupational
values such as the importance of
high-income, prestige, helping
others, leisure time and job
Fictional job descriptions based
on the occupational values appear
on the screen and students weigh
the importance of each one to
After ranking their occupational
values, they are led through a
number of steps that match real
occupations to those values,
compare information about
careers and rate chances of success in the fields.
Finally, students narrow their
vocational prospects to one choice
and figure out the necessary steps
to prepare themselves for that job.
while stock
—doug field photo
THREE TURDS TOSS TURF, ravaging ground on site of new $4.7
million covered pool. August ceremony took place directly south of
SUB Thursday and starred administration president Doug Kenny, Alma
Mater Society president Jake ver der Kamp and unidentified goober.
What you'll be doing and where you'll
be doing it five years from now
depends on many things. . . but if
you'd like to cash in on your team
spirit, and financial services interest
you ... read on.
ivijr,   iiuvcrnuer   £.0,   17/3
The Royal Bank operates a
decentralized organization
across Canada and has
operations located in 40
countries throughout the
But the decisions which
affect its people bear a
"Made in Canada" label.
In terms of dollar
resources, it is Canada's
largest bank.
We like to think it's the
We need enthusiastic,
qualified people to help
keep it that way.
We offer a 9 month Training Program leading to Branch Administration
and eventual opportunities in a variety of specialized areas, i.e.
Personnel, International Banking, Corporate Finance, etc. Qualifications
include MOBILITY throughout the Province of B.C.
Interested graduates are invited to submit resumes by January 23, 1976
to T., W. (Terry) Kehler, District Employment Officer, 1055 West
Georgia, Vancouver, B.C. Forward through any one of our branches.
Selected students will be advised in writing and requested to arrange
suitable interview appointments through the Campus Placement Office in
anticipation of our on campus visits February 25th and 26th.
Election December 11,1975
Take notice that an Advance Poll will be held
for registered voters who have reason to believe
that they will be unable to attend a polling place
on Thursday, December 11, 1975.
Advance Poll Dates and Times
•    Thursday, December 4, 1975 1:00 p.m. to 9:00 p.m.
Friday, December 5, 1975 1:00 p.m. to 9:00 p.m.
Saturday, December 6, 1975 1:00 p.m. to 9:00 p.m.
Advance Poll Voting Location
Old Normal School, 2735 Cambie St.
Mrs. M. Harrop, Returning Officer, Vancouver Burrard
Eileen Webb, Returning Officer, Vancouver Centre
Joe Dang, Returning Officer, Vancouver East
M. Michener, Returning Officer, Vancouver-Little Mountain
F. M. Stanton, Returning Officer, Vancouver-Point Grey
Mrs. D. J. White, Returning Officer, Vancouver South —peter cummings photo SovielSovietSovietSovielSovietSovietSovietSovietSovietSovietSoviet
Moroz struggles to retain culture
"In the centre of the political
duel between East and West stands
the problem of freedom and the
rights of the individual. To persecute a person under these circumstances for the expression of
ideas [when the constitution of the
Ukrainian Soviet Socialist
Republic and the Universal
Declaration of Human Rights
guarantee freedom of speech]
means sawing off the branch one is
sitting on. In the ideological
struggle victory falls not to one
who invents more unprintable
expressions but to one who opens
his sluices to the forces with a
future, rather than to those which
are dying away."
With these words Valentyn
Moroz, a political prisoner in the
USSR, has touched the heart of the
modern dilemma. The monstrously huge nation states with
their centralized power were
developed during the last five
centuries in response to men's
economic and political needs. But
at the same time, the growth of the
nation state has endangered both
personal freedom and local
cultural autonomy.
On the one hand each person is
being asked to integrate himself
more fully with an economic and
political structure which itself
continues to grow in size and
complexity of structure.  To in
tegrate with this structure means
to continually give up bits and
pieces of one's personal expression
and one's autonomy. Each individual and each small region
becomes locked into the great
machinery of the nation state.
Report from the Beria Reserve
by Valentyn Moroz
Peter Martin Associates Ltd.
1974, $2.95
The modern dilemma is whether
to passively give in to this great
social transformation with all of
the comfort and security it
promises or to fight it — to rebel
and declare that the need to have
real control over one's own life and
the need for regions and groups to
be able to develop along their own
chosen paths is more important.
Valentyn Moroz has taken the
latter alternative. He has become
the symbol of the Ukrainian
people's struggle to survive as a
cultural group. This teacher of
history and geography at the Lesya
Ukrayinka Pedagogical Institute
was catapulted to national
eminence in the Ukraine during
1966 for his firm defense of the
Ukrainian culture.
In the West we have a taste of
what the harsh realities are for any
person or group that advocates
national autonomy. When the
advocates are seen as a real threat
to central power, they are brutally
suppressed. Witness the over-
reaction of Trudeau's government
to the FLQ "crisis," the violent
suppression of the Black Panther
party in the U.S., and the
assassination of Malcolm X.
The above examples from the
West are of individuals or groups
that both advocated nationalism
and went beyond this to positive
organization and action to realize
their aims. The tragedy of Moroz'
case is that he has been viciously
repressed despite the fact that he
has never gone beyond advocacy of
an idea. Add to this the biter twist
that the actions he advocates are in
principle permitted by the laws of
the USSR. For this he has been
twice imprisoned.
Moroz has been jailed twice
under the charge of "anti-Soviet
agitation and propaganda designed
to undermine or weaken Soviet
power." In 1966 he was sentenced
to four years imprisonment. Six
months of this was spent in solitary
confinement for writing protests
against the sentence and against
the prison conditions. In 1970, after
nine months of freedom, he was
once again arrested and convicted
on the same charges. This time he
was sentenced to six years in
prison, three years in prison camp,
and five years in exile.
What was Moroz' real crime? He
called on the people of the Ukraine
to be vigilant and defend themselves   against   the   policy   of
Dehumanizing building
The Foundation Pit is a novel
which deals with man's search to
find an ultimate meaning to
reality. The author, Andrey
Platonovuses a terse, honed prose
and satirical reference to create an
abstract world from which
generalities about the human
condition can be drawn.
The Foundation Pit
by Andrey Platonov
translated by Mirra Ginsburg
Clarke, Irwin & Co., 1975
Platonov wrote during the early
period of the collectivization and
development of the Russian state.
Originally an electrical engineer,
he devoted himself. completely to
writing in his later years.
His life became one of constant
struggle to survive as a writer in
spite of bureaucratic repression,
and to discover the totality of
beauty in his world. That struggle
is reflected in the writing.
"Beauty does not exist
separately, by itself. It is the
property of all... . beauty is all
days and all things," Platonov
The plot of The Foundation Pit
concerns the lives of several men
who are working on the foundations for a building that will
shelter the people of their town.
Voschev, one of the central
characters of the novel, is
discharged from his job at the
machine factory because of his
"tendency to stop and think amidst
the general flow of work." Voschev
is desperately attempting to fit
meaning into his life.
In order to find a new means of
support for himself, he begins work
at the foundation pit of the town's
new building. Initially, Voschev
experiences his labor as the
ultimate meaning which he has
searched for. He is constructing a
building "in which all people would
be shielded from misfortunes."
However, Voschev finally sees
the building as being
dehumanizing and destroying the
quality of life. "Man will make a
building and unmake himself," he
warns the project engineer.
On his days off from work,
Voschev collects natural objects,
dead leaves and plants, attempting
to envisage some grand scheme or
general order in the world.
Liferfor him is a mystery. He can
find no reason for his existence.
The complete isolation implicit in
being human, the burden of intelligence and compassion, cause
him unbearable suffering.
The second major character is
Prushevsky, the engineer who has
organized the construction project.
He prefers to deal with inanimate
objects, the site plans, or the soil
samples from the pit. Feeling
unwanted and unneeded by every
one, he is frightened that no one
would want to live in the building
he has created.
All that remained to him was his
patience, his patience with the men
who worked under him and his
patience in waiting for his own
He had planned the building as
one home for all the townspeople
instead of their old homes and
separate houses.
Within a year the whole local
proletariat would come to live in
the monumental new building. In
10 or 20 years another engineer
would build a tower in the middle
of the world and the working
people of the whole earth would
enter it for permanent happy
The only event in Prushevsky's
life which gave meaning to him
was a moment in his childhood
when he saw a certain girl. "She
had passed so close without
stopping," and ever since the
engineer had looked into every
woman's face, hoping to find this
same girl.
He had made her into something
special as she became the one
person to whom he felt he could
relate and hoped she would fill his
Chiklin, the foreman of the labor
crew, like Prushevsky, had also
met and loved this same woman
and she had created in Chiklin, too,
the same joy and sensitivity.
He decides to bring the girl to the
engineer who needs her love. But
she was dead and had left only a
child which Chiklin brought to the
workers' quarters near the
foundation pit.
She becomes a symbol of the
Revolution for the workers, and
they see her as completing their
work in the proletariat struggle.
When the tired, contaminated old
generation died, it would be the
time for this girl's generation, the
first socialist one. And it was for
their future happiness that the
workers labored — and that
became their ultimate meaning.
Platonov has described a
changing Russian society, one that
is becoming increasingly
dehumanized and distant. The
people in his stories have been
alienated by a centralized, in-
sensitive, mechanical
bureaucracy. But Platonov's
dilemma transcends the Russian
experience and becomes the
dilemma of modern man in
In his prose style, there is no
superfluous description. The
language is brief and sharp.
Because it is so empty of what we
would regard as description it yet
succeeds on an entirely different
level, as understatement and
retrained emotion increase the
depth of sensitivity.
Platonov's characters* each
represent a different facet of his
personality and his personal
search for meaning and beauty in
life. From his description of life as
he knew it and the people as he saw
them, comes a very compassionate
view of mankind. Platonov feels a
deep sympathy for what he
regards as the human condition.
Everything lives and suffers in
the world, without understanding
or knowledge. It's as if someone or
some few had drawn the feeling of
certainty out of us and taken it for
The Foundation Pit is finally a
worthwhile and effective,
statement about our lives. It is an
interesting and timely novel.
Russification pursued by Moscow.
He also called on the people to
follow the legal steps allowed
under the constitution to secede
from the USSR.
The book, Report from the Beria
Reserve, is a collection of Moroz'
principal writings. It consists of
three essays, a short excerpt from
another essay, and several short
pieces that express his feelings and
ideas about his imprisonment and
the nature of the Soviet system. All
of Moroz' writings are gem-like in
construction. They show the impassioned care that comes from
the mind of a man trained in intellectual pursuits who has been
forced to confront the brutal, insensitive, and destructive nature of
the nation state in which he
Of all the dissident writings that
are now coming out of the USSR,
this book is the most accessible and
the most interesting. Solzhenitsyn
exposes the malignancy of what
lies at the heart of the Soviet
regime: the KGB, the police force
that acts as a nation inside the
nation. Moroz'"essay Report from
the Beria Reserve has a discussion
of the KGB that carries more force
and greater intellectual profundity
than Solzhenitsyn's.
The short piece The First Day is
a near-poetic rendition of the experiences which everyone undergoes  upon  being  imprisoned.
One of the appendices entitled
Moroz in Prison provides a
powerfully tragic description of the
hell that a man of firm conviction
and courage must endure in prison
— especially as a "special"
political prisoner.
This was Valentyn Moroz. Every
Ukrainian is surely familiar with
the name. No doubt every
Ukrainian abroad has seen his
portrait. Do not believe those
portraits now. Russian gendarmes
have seen to it that this person with
the thin face and intelligent eyes
will never again resemble his
portrait. The gaunt figure in the
striped uniform, sickly and
ghastly, reminds one of the
frightful photographs of the surviving inmates of Auschwitz. The
prison uniform hung on the body of
this tall man as if on a wire
skeleton. The thin bristly hair, on
t/ie dried, pallid scalp, and the
greenish, parchment-like skin, as
terrifying as that of a mummy,
covered the high forehead and the
prominent cheekbones^ And the
eyes ... no, I am not able to express in words what I saw in those
eyes during the few moments of
our encounter.
One of the few positive pieces of
writing in this book is entitled
Chronicle of Resistance. This
essay reviews the history of the
town . of Kosmoch and its continuing struggle to retain its
cultural  identity.   It  is  a  loving
The Apprenticeship Of Duddy Kravitz!
(Not Restricted)
ThursVSun. - 7:00        Fri./Sat. - 7:00/9:30     fl
SUB AUDITORIUM       75c & AMS Card
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Page Friday, 2
Friday, November 28,  1975 SovietSovietSovietSovietSovietSovietSovietSovietSovietSovietSoviet
Soviets silent on issues
Canadians and Soviets, armed with their
respective propaganda, sat together on
October 28 as part of a cultural exchange
between the two countries.
Soviet writers Grigory Baklanov and
Anatoly Ananyev visited UBC, attending
one of the Creative Writing department's
workshops and, later, chatting with
department profs and students at a
reception in the faculty club.
mentioned that they have also established a
large number of hospitals.
When asked if he thought censorship was a
problem he replied that problems
sometimes do arise and the union has to
discuss them.
Ananyev said that writers sometimes pose
very serious social problems and that
reforms result. He felt that members were
judged on their merits, not on their social or
political opinions.
Ananyev indicated that a writer could be
—john sprague photos
ANANYEV . . . October magazine editor
Anayev, novelist and editor of "October"
magazine, a literary journal of the Soviet
Writer's Union, said that he was enjoying
the trip although he thought it was impossible to get to know the country in the six
days they would be here.
The writers had flown to Montreal and
talked to students at McGill before coming
to Vancouver.
Ananyev added that, while students
seemed interested in the Soviet Union, they
knew very little about Russian culture. He
found this hard to understand.
Ananyev felt that Soviet culture was very
rich and that it should not be ignored. He
insisted that a culture cannot develop while
enclosed within itself. The Russians translate as many writers as possible, Ananyev
said, perhaps more than any other country.
Russian literature seems, indeed, to be
thriving. The visiting writers are both
members of the Soviet Writer's Union,
which appears to be considerably more
powerful and widespread than the Canadian
Ananyev said that plans for the union
were actually made before the Revolution.
A small sum is deduced from every
publication to form a literary fund. With this
money the union assists young writers and
provides   housing   for   writers.   Ananyev
mates have remained young forever and
could be my sons.
Our form at the Voronezh school had
roughly the same number of boys as we had
girls: some 20 men. Only three boys
remained alive, but two of them were not in
the war, and I was ihe only one of the front
line soldiers to survive.
There are quite a few countries having the
same number of people born in 1921, 1923,
1924 as, for example, those born in 1930. In
this country I belong to one of the
generations of which only a few in tens
remained alive. If one forgets when the war
broke out and how long it lasted, this will be
quite easy to find out by our generations.
And I would like people in the countries
which do not have this difference, to know
and remember that they owe it, to a large
degree, to the fact that this difference gapes
like a wound in our country.
Time is passing, and human memory is
failing. But, like mass epidemics of immunized people, wars also immunize people
for a certain time. This immunity lies in the
living memory of generations. Human
memory. And hence it is one of the most
that his son was studying journalism and
that he'd been interviewed too often
already. Then he said that when his books
were in our library he would agree to an
interview. His sensitivity about his literary
reputation seemed to be something very
human, something that could transcend
national boundaries.
Ananyev, however, admitted that Soviet
students did not know Canadian literature
very well either. He said this was changing.
Canadian writer John Robert Colombo has
already visited the Soviet Union and Farley
Mowat is well known and goes there often.
It seems true, as Ananyev said, that
nations cannot discuss issues. But, while
both writers felt that newspapers gave
biased versions of the news, they suggested
literature could be free of that bias.
Grigory Baklanov summed it up nicely in
his statement.
Countries are linked between each other
by means of thousands of communications
media, including the most sophisticated
ones. But people have not become closer to
expelled from the union for a number of
reasons, one of which was drunkenness. He
carried a glass of red wine while talking at
the reception but he didn't touch it.
Asked if expulsion from the writers union
meant that the writer would have trouble
publishing, Ananyev replied that it would
not. Of course, he said, the writer could not
live in union housing or go to one of their
hospitals. But he added that as only two
people had dropped out and the union had
8,000 members, he didn't really feel that this
was much of a problem.
A mention of Solzhenitsyn's name was
ignored. Both Ananyev and Baklanov are
members of the conservative branch of the
Writers' Union.
Pressed concerning the censorship issue,
Ananyev replied that only books which
openly called for war would be censored.
Grigory Baklanov, in a mimeographed
statement he had prepared for the trip,
talked about the great effect the war has had
on the Soviet people and on himself in
Today, I am older than my father, who
died when a young man, and I am already
more than twice as old as my elder brother
Yuri. He was a student of Moscow
University, and when the war broke out he
becamea gun-crew commander. My school-
BAKLANOV . . . ignores Solzhenitsyn
important tasks of literature today not to let
it fail.
Both Ananyev and Baklanov seemed
concerned about the effects of the war, but
they also seemed to be using this concern as
an excuse to ignore dissension. They
avoided questions about Andrei Sakharov,
this year's Nobel peace prize winner, as well
as Solzhenitsyn.
The gathering was not pleasant. People
from each country argued their own
political feelings and it was obvious that
neither side was going to change its opinion.
The Soviets were ignoring some questions
and replying to others with non-answers. I
don't know how our questions appeared to
Ananyev was very serious. Baklanov,
however, was amusingly arrogant. He said
each other. Some progress has been made in
this field, but it is relatively modest.
At the same time the book created by the
■ same ancient method as two hundred or
three hundred years ago, paves as before
the shortest way from heart to heart. I
believe in this way. In the twentieth century,
when it is customary to think that blood has
rushed fromart to science I have faith in the
great force of art. It is eternal, because it is
based on the amazing ability of human
beings to share each other's feelings.
Perhaps Baklanov has a point in refusing
to talk until we have read his books. Without
that background of emotional communications we have nothing to discuss but
our newspaper views on Russian culture.
Someone else's propaganda has no attraction at all.
Moroz lacks words
ANANYEV . . . concerned with effects of war
From PF2
account of a people close to Moroz' heart
and their traditions. Moroz carefully
recounts the petty details of the various
means by which the central government
fights the native culture.
This is a wa between central governmenl
and local regions for which we, as
Canadians and North Americans, have lost
much of our sensibility. Long ago the major
battles to keep old traditions were lost when
the immigrants were scattered across this
large continent. Even today the economic
and political forces still work to grind down
our individual, ethnic, and regional differences. Perhaps Moroz' writings can help
to revive our awareness of this fact.
The essay In the Midst of the Snows
discusses the problems of being a dissident
in the USSR. In particular it was written to
criticize the actions taken by Ivan Dzyuba to
protect himself when Moscow singled him
out for criticism. He was unable to tred the
difficult path of an intellectual martyr. The
ethics of Dzyuba's action and his cowardice
in the face of official pressure are severely
It is interesting to note the effect of Moroz'
criticisms on Dzyuba. When Dzyuba was
called to testify in Moroz' second trial, he
refused to buckle to official pressure and
give testimony. Clearly Moroz' criticisms
had been understood and appreciated. This
should make it all the more apparent that
, Moroz has touched the very heart of the
issue of individual freedom versus state
power and especially the struggle of the
Ukrainian people against Moscow's attempt
to Russianize them.
If you are looking for an item to pick up for
your Christmas reading, I would strongly
recommend this book. It is short, well
written, covers a wide range of topics, and is
the work of an unjustLy neglected dissident
Soviet intellectual. The factual details about
the struggle of Moroz to state his point of
view provides an excellent political
education for us — it exposes the reality
behind the large centralized nations of
Friday, November 28,  1975
Page Friday, 3 drantadrainadrainadraniadratnadrainadraMad^
Intense picture of China
Fanshen is a play about the inner
workings of a revolution. It's a type
of revolution that occurs in the
thoughts of Men.
Julian Beck, director of. the
Living Theatre, once defined a
revolution as being that change
Tamahnous Theatre Company
A  play  at   the   Vancouver   East
Cultural Centre
until Dec. 6
which takes place in the human
mind and allows us the freedom to
consider what was previously
David Hare's play, Fanshen is a
story of how the peasants of
Longbow came to this same mental
revolution, and freed themselves
from both their psychological and
economical dependence on the
feudal landlords.
Fanshening describes this
process and translated it actually
means "to turn the body," to bring
about this change in situation.
The first scene of the play constructs the historical situation
from which this Fanshening
sprang. There is a bare,
economical stage with a  single
raised platform and three furled
banners. One man, a peasant by
his dress, is digging a trench.
From there the scene slowly opens
out into a stylized tableau of
Chinese life before the Communist
Revolution. This picture is
seemingly timeless and
engrossing. Groups of laboring
peasants are scattered about the
central figure of a reclining landlord. Each character then reveals
to the audience his occupation or
economic condition, and his life
The play has been divided into 11
other scenes or stages of the
process of Fanshening, and the
remainder of the play is concerned
with the peasants' struggle to
complete it and collectivize their
There is the second scene where
the peasant laborers struggle with
dialectics, which production really
depends upon. And the resolution
that the laborer is the most important becomes the fundamental
premise upon which the Fanshen is
There was a continuous change
of the method of expression in the
play. Directors Jeremy Long and
Barbara Williams have created
some well-integrated visual
sequences of interpretive dance,
mime and action freezes. In other
scenes there were combinations of
songs and chants in addition to the
dialogue. And these sequences
made for a very exciting and interesting arrangement for the
theatre audience.
Through competent direction, the
simple stage became whatever the
actors transformed it to, a rice
field, a peasant's home, or the
Peasants revolt against oppression
Fanshen was a total creative
effort, the combined, collective
expression typical of the
Tamahnous Theatre ensemble.
county       Communist
The   characters   in   the   play,
however,   emerge   as   vignettes,
rough sketches of the people they
represent. And perhaps this is one
of the weaknesses of the script, as
the audience can not get beyond
surface assessments of the
characters. There is no real involvement in them because they
are not three dimensional and this
leads to a certain lack of motive in
the actions of the characters, as
The mime work too, seemed
occasionally weak in execution.
There was the use of some props
such as guns and wicker baskets
while there was a mimed use of
other similar objects and no apparent rational for this.
In the final analysis Fanshen is
an intense picture of China, the
Chinese revolution, and the road to
The play ends as it begins, with a
single worker miming that he is
digging a trench at the edge of the
stage. But the situation has
changed, he has been changed, and
now there is only the ultimate
sanctity of Man.
There is no Jade Emperor in
Heaven . . . Make way for me, you
hills and mountains, I'm coming.
Fanshen leaves us with an intriguing question? Is this didactic
process, the Chinese Revolution,
the wave of the future? Inevitably
Fanshen is a statement of great
importance and should not be
Comedy in cold theater
Freezing to an unholy death in
the backbreaking, derriere-
dissembling seats of the new
Pacific Vokstheatre may not sound
like a great way to spend a Friday
night. For that matter, any night.
days numbered. Contrary to what
many theatre romanticists say, it
will be no major tragedy when the
wreckers drive up the Volkstheatre
Though it is not a place to lazily
sink into deep velvet cushions or
Dramatically, this play has an
amusing scheme to it. It involves
the two lovers reading out their
many love letters to the audience,
and, at the same time, performing
the actions which their words
recall and describe. Consequently,
all their lovemaking is done in a
very tongue-in-cheek past tense.
The climax (which is so typical of
this English brand of humor) has
Kooning desperately trying to
seduce Janet in the past tense.
Unfortunately the play did not
end at this point. The following 15
Dear Janet Rosenberg,
Dear.Mr. Kooning
Starring Heather Brechin,
Leroy Schulz
Skirt   Won't  Stay
Arizona feeling for Hanna
Being slapped together in less than
14 days, the Volkstheatre has had
no time or room for a more advanced heating system than the
propane fire dragons they switch
on at intermission.
They've also had no time to be
choosy about their seating. Chairs
dating from the 40's and earlier,
ones I can imagine being old park
bench rejects, seat the theatre's
But this temporary site for the
Playhouse's New Company has its
bask in warmth, the two shows
presently being put on by the
Company are in themselves,
warming. They actually produced
an entertaining Friday night
deslite physical adversity.
A clever little comedy by Stanley
Eveling called Dear Janet
Rosenberg, Dear Mr. Kooning, led
off the program. It is a love story
expressed in the correspondence of
a young, enthusiastic girl and her
"over the hill" lover, a novelist of
minimal fame..
Why  Hanna's
Starring   Diana   Belshaw,
Pacific   Vokstheatre,   1190   West
Nov. 28, 29 — 8:00 p.m.
minutes or so, seemed to drag, and
even confuse the play's intentions.
Why Hanna's Skirt Won't Stay
Down, by Tom Eyen, was next on
the double bill. It is a much more
freewheeling, extroverted type of
play, filled with a bawdiness and
absurdity strangely contrasting to
Janet. Briefly, it concerns two
Coney Island frequenters who
become Coney Island feature attractions.
Hanna is an old whore with sad
illusions of love. Arizona is a
narcissistic former bed friend of
Hanna's, who, among other things,
gets his thrills wearing star-
spangled underwear. Together,
they renact their own rather
perverse version of life. The
results were often hilarious.
This New Company has a fondness for scripts which call for an
isolated concentration on man and
World's First
Tickets $3.00-$3.50
DECEMBER 3, 1975
8:00 P.M.
One Show Only
Page Friday, 4
Friday, November 28,  1975 PF   INTERV>
Page Friday's Boh Diotte and Richard Yates
talh with Trident critic William Epstein
PF: How did you become involved with
nuclear disarmament and the Trident
project in particular?
Epstein: I was head of the disarmament
division of the (UN) secretariat for about a
quarter of a century. That got me involved
in all aspects of disarmament. L think
nuclear is the most dangerous. I often say
the world is sitting on four time bombs. First
and worst is the nuclear. Second is the
poverty bomb, both domestically and internationally from developing countries.
The third is the population bomb and the
fourth is the pollution bomb. The last three,
the "P" bombs, you've got several years for
dealing with them. But the nuclear bomb
can wipe us out any time. So I am very much
interested in that.
When I came out to the University of
Victoria as a visiting professor here this
February and March I got more and more
interested in the Trident because it's right
here. I began looking more into the thing
and I came to the conclusion that it's
shocking, it's immoral for many reasons.
Because you see it's unnecessary. You've
got more than enough deterrents in over-kill
capacity now. It's unusable because there
aren't that many targets in the world for
even the Trident sub, let alone all the others,
to fire at. And the other reason is if it is used
then we're all down the drain. So it's
unusable, it's unnecessary and it's
shockingly expensive.
Theoretically people have the right to do
what they want in their own territory. But
they have no right to jeopardize the neighbours. You cannot bring a tiger on your land
that is liable to tear your neighbour and his
family to pieces. This is precisely what it's
likely to do. I'm not talking about legalities,
now. I'm talking about the moral parts, the
political parts and, from the American point
of view, the strategic problem in question.
Because undoubtedly the Trident base,
which is totally unnecessary will lead to a
new round of escalation in the nuclear arms
race. Because the Russians will follow suit.
They always have. The whole history of the
arms race has been the Americans'
initiating things and the Russians following.
Then the Russians, because that's their
nature, they try to even have bigger and
better numbers. That's the action-reaction
process. That leads to new escalation.
What do we need it for? It's damaging
from many points of view. Firstly, the
vertical proliferation," the acquisition, the
development, the accumulation of new
weapons. The nuclear powers will help to
foster, facilitate horizontal pulls. The
acquisition of these weapons by non-nuclear
states. They'll use the argument, which isn't
100 per cent logical but psychological, that if
the deterrents are good for the big powers, it
gives them prestige and status and political
clout, then it's good for us too. All you have
to do is look at all the tense areas in the
world, each one of them think it would be
good for them to deter the other attacker.
The newer, smaller nuclear powers won't
have the same command the control
facilities that the Russians and the
Americans have. This would make it very
dangerous because all they will have is a
small nuclear capability, what is known as
first strike capability which can knock out
theother side on the first strike, pre-empted
strike and it won't have what is known as a
second strike or an invulnerable retaliatory
capacity which is the philosophy of
deterrents. This means there are additional
pressures on each side to fire its before the
other side does. This can trigger a small
nuclear war which can escalate to a big
nuclear war.
But worst of all, if both the vertical and
the horizontal proliferation of these weapons
all around the world continues, increased
accessibility to them, unquestionably you
will find what I call non-governmental
proliferation.   That  means   terrorists,
politically motivated groups, criminals are
going to get hold of these things. They're
going to use them to hold up whole cities and
^countries to ransom. You can imagine what
"that would do to a society. Or you can't
I think the Trident base is the main thing
that will trigger off this new escalation of
nuclear arms. It's going to be the greatest
single nuclear base in the world. The
greatest killing power in the world. Each
Trident submarine is going to have the
greatest killing power conceived. Each
Trident submarine will have 400-500
deliverable nuclear warheads. That's about
two or three times the number of cities in the
Soviet Union with a population of over
100,000. This is each submarine in the first
stage. There is 10, it may go up to 20 or
thirty. This is international nuclear insanity. This is plain American-Russian
roulette with the human race. That's why
I'm interested.
PF: Do you know how the protest over the
Trident originated?
Epstein: I was one of the first to start, in a
speech made in Victoria. Then I saw an
MLA by the name of Peter Rolstan. I was
reported in the papers about it and on the
radio. The people started getting in touch
with me, people of the community, church
groups, all sorts of them. That's one of the
reasons I'm here. I'm hoping to do more
talking. One of the things that amazes me is
the apathy of the people of Vancouver and
Victoria. They're just beginning to wake up
to this thing and their apathy and complacency is as nothing compared to that in
Ottawa or the east. They don't even know
what Trident is there. The public and the
government there: I was there talking to
them and I've never seen such complacency
and ignorance in my life.
PF: Looking at the efforts from '50s until
now to stop nuclear proliferation, the ban
the bomb marches in the '60s, the struggle
against nuclear weapons that have been
going on for twenty-five years, the success
has been minimal.
Epstein: There is no success if you look at
it realistically. It's been a failure. We've had
arms control agreements in the last fifteen
years. In the first fifteen years we had
nothing, during the cold war period. The
great successes we've had, fifteen of them,
you know from the partial test ban treaty to
the non-proliferation treaty, to the SALT
agreement. During that period military
expenditures have gone from less than one
hundred billion to almost three hundred
billion globally in the whole world. In constant dollars that's an increase of 50 per cent
adjusting for inflation. In the same period,
the world had one nuclear polaris submarine in 1960. Now it's got 100 or more. And
with the MIRV warheads, at that time it had
only sixteen missiles. Now each missile can
carry 10-14 warheads. Under Trident they'll
be able to carry 20-24. At that time we had
less than 100 ICBM. Today we have several
thousand in the world.
PF: People's protests, then, have had
very little effect on the arms race?
Epstein: Let me tell you this. You people
are probably too young to remember the
outcry over the nuclear testing in the atmosphere in the '50s. It was the mothers of
America who made them stop testing in the
atmosphere. They were scared of lukemia,
and bone cancer and radioactive material
getting into the food chain and the milk and
whatnot. And they raised hell about it. And
then after they stopped testing in the atmosphere and went underground the public
immediately, you know, fell asleep.
PF: Well that stopped the Americans, did
that stop the Russians?
Epstein: Of course it stopped the
Russians. The French have also been driven
underground as a result of the protests over
their tests in the Pacific. In future, they
announced, they are only going to test underground. The protest did help. That's one
thing. Let me tell you another thing. Protest
always helps. Maybe they don't help
enough. But if the protests are sufficient and
strong enough they do help. Even Kruschev
wrote in his memoirs, I don't believe him,
mind you, but he wrote in his memoirs that
the mothers of the Soviet Union protested
and made them stop. Unquestionably, the
world pressures affected them too. But let
me give you another example about protest.
It was the kids in the United States who
forced the.United States out of Vietnam. Not
the Chinese or the Russians or the North
Vietnamese. The kids in the United States.
There was a helluva lot of protest. The
trouble is we don't have enough protest in
the nuclear armaments field. Not that
protests are non-productive. Protests are
PF: How do you see an effective protest
organized around the Trident issue?
Epstein: You've got to get the people of
Vancouver and Victoria and Seattle and
Tacoma dnd Portland so exercised about it
that they're going to drive their governments crazy.
PF: By doing what?
Epstein: By writing letters, holding public
meetings, protests.
PF: By demonstrations?
Epstein:   I  personally  don't  go  in   for
demonstration. But if they are big,  important, successful ones, they help. But not
if they are small ones, that fizzle.
PF: Why has the capacity for overkill
been developed?
Epstein: The strategic dimension is that
the military always wants more. In the
early '50s they dreamed up a bomber gap.
Quickly they discovered it was non-existent.
In the late 1950's, in fact, it helped Kennedy
get elected, they dreamed up a missile gap.
In February of 1961, just a few months after
the election, McNamara and later that year
Kennedy himself, announced there is no
missile gap and there never was. In the
early 1960's, even under Kennedy, they
dreamed up underground nuclear shelters.
As soon as you examined it carefully you
discovered these would be merely underground burial grounds. Then, in the late
1960's they dreamed up anti-ballistic
missiles which are no good. Unless you can
knock out an entire force, what good is it if a
few of them get through and knock out a few
cities? How much is enough? That's the
military approach, and Eisenhower put it
awfully well in his farewell address. He
talked about the military industrial complex. Everybody remembers that. Nobody
remembers the third thing he mentioned, he
warned against, the scientific technological
elite. That was in his farewell address too.
And it's now become a military-industrial-
scientific-bureaucratic complex. In the
Soviet Union it's merely a military-
scientific bureaucratic complex. Now, the
first thing you had to have, to use Dulles'
phrase, was massive retaliation, you had to
have a big force to be able to, if anybody
ever hit you, you got to be able to wipe him
out. They said, once both sides got enough to
wipe each other out in the first strike, then
they said you had to have an invulnerable
retaliatory capacity. That's the philosophy
of deterrents. No matter what they throw at
you in the first strike you're always going to
have enough left to utterly destroy them.
A couple of years ago it was estimated in
Washington that the Americans have, I'm
not talking about mini-nucs or tactical
nuclear weaponry, just strategic nuclear
weapons, they had enough to wipe out every
city in the Soviet Union of a population of
100,000 or more by 36 times.
And now, with the Trident, they're going
to, maybe raise that from 36 to, the Trident
will have say, well, if each submarine is
going to be able to knock out two or three
times, and you're going to have 10 of them,
so you're going to be able to knock them out
70 times. I mean, how often do you have to
be able to knock out a city and how many of
them do you have to knock out? All of them?
So now they're dreaming up this idea of
counter-force. It's too dangerous to knock
out cities. It's immoral. The thing to do now
is you knock out their nuclear weapons and
their nuclear bases. But they forget,
whatever happened to radioactivity. This
will poison most of the inhabitants in the
northern hemisphere anyway and kill them.
So it's a form of international insanity.
That's what it is. They've gotten on a
treadmill and they're comfortable with it.
And the world has been, not brainwashed,
they've been paralyzed, what's the word,
what happens with a snake, they've been
hypnotized. And you know, they say, once
you can get killed once what difference does
it make if you can get killed a thousand
times. But this helps feed the inflation, the
economic crisis, the unemployment and,
worst of all, it puts us in increasing
jeopardy. Because, you see, this is the only
thing SALT does, it sort of fixes up relations
between the Americans the Russians,
reducing the tension between them as part
of the process of detente. And it's true that it
probably has reduced the likelihood of a war
by deliberate design or intention or
premeditation by the big two. But, at the
same time, it has increased the dangers of
war by accident, by miscalculation, by
misinterpretation of orders, by sheer
madness, by blackmail and by terrorism.
The risks of war don't get lower, they get
higher. But they got all brainwashed with
detente, the risk of global war is reducing. I
tell you, if individuals behaved this way,
they could get committed. But, unfortunately, you can't commit governments.
I mean that seriously.
PF: The whole issue of nuclear arms has
become a very emotional thing for you.
You've gotten very personally involved.
Epstein: Well, you know, I don't see how
anybody can know this, the facts and the
details, and the future possibilities and
probabilities and likelihood without being
emotional. Survival is a very emotional
subject. One of the problems why we don't
get enough interest in this, it's like thinking
about death. It happens to somebody else. It
never happens to the individual. It's the
same way about survival. But "if you know
enough about it, that's one of the other
things I'm on to. The scientists have got to
be alerted and wake up and do something.
The scientists are the ones who have invented every one of these horrible weapons.
From the A-bomb, the H-bomb, the ICBM,
the Polaris, the Poseidon, the Trident, the
MIRV, the MARV, the works. These people
have got a responsibility to society. They
know the dangers better than anybody else.
They might be listened to better than
anybody else. More than 20 per cent of the
scientists and engineers in the Soviet Union
and the United States are working directly
or indirectly in weapons work. Less than one
one-hundredth of one per cent are working
in arms control and disarmament. Scientists have got a hell of a responsibility before
Friday, November 28,  1975
Page Friday, 5 Trite opinions mean Taxi failure
The back cover of the book
describes Helen Potrebenko as a
"secretary/clerk/social work
assistant in a small office."
Although the back cover bills this
book as "a novel as fast-paced as
the ticking of a taxi-meter," it
seems more like a case study by a
social work assistant. As a mere
assistant she does not even justify
her comments with any
background of sociological theory.
Taxi! by Helen Potrebenko
New Star Books 1975
168 images
The book is too full of angry
politicking and angry statements
to be successful as a hovel. The
speeches of the main character, a
woman taxi driver, stand out too
obviously as opinions of the author.
And,those opinions are often trite.
Shannon, the taxi driver, is used,
excessively as a mere vehicle for
the author's statements. At times,
however, she does appear human
and understandable. Perhaps the'
book was published too soon and
- too easily. It has potential but it i
could still use a great deal of work. J
It is Shannon's story. The other j
characters      are      all      one-
dimensional. In some cases this is
justified, as most of the characters
only    appear    as     Shannon's
From PF4
woman as individuals. Certainly
their first production, Kennedy's
Children, moved along those lines.
The material emphasizes soliloquy
after soliloquy. Whatever physical
interaction between characters
happens is minimal. Does it work?
The comedy of Janet and Hanna
works, but audiences prefer more
comic action than words. Drama is
after all, a product of characters in
The audience I sat with on
Friday night was not exactly
generous with their laughter. And
it wasn't an old-time crowd either.
Nevertheless the New Company
has corralled a very competent
group of actors. Their futures can
only ripen with such a promising
One thing they have proved
solidly is the blossoming
significance of women on stage.
Heather Brechin as Janet and
Diana Belshaw as Hanna, are
actresses loaded with talent. They
gave everything to their flamboyant roles.
. Aina of Loomed IStef
Try it
you'll like it
TAKE-OUTS - 738-2010
passengers. Their only existence
for her lies in their similarities and
differences to other passengers.
However the author does allow
Shannon to make suppositions
about them. She tries to explain the
Indians on Skid Row and it seems
that she fails dismally. This could
also be justified if the author did
not so obviously believe that
Shannon does understand them.
Even the characters which
reappear in the novel, the ones that
form a consistent part of her life,
are flat. The people she lives with,
a husband, wife and child, are only
types. Although some of their
history is mentioned it is not
enough to give them life. The
author starts to give some hints
about them when she describes the
wife's former friendship with
Shannon, and how her marriage
had affected her personally. But
Potrebenko does not follow this
through and only leaves her
character as another whining
housewife, a stereotype that is not
Potrebenko sometimes, even
promises humor. One'passenger,
going home after working up north,
propositions her. Shannon asks
why he is insulting her that way.
He replies, "You're a dame . . .
and I'm not one of your ordinary
construction workers, you know,
I'm a student.
"Shannon laughed. Everybody's
a student.
"Oh, are you a student? Geez,
I'm sorry. I didn't mean to — I
thought you were just another
This comes across as the most
wryly humorous part of the book.
But it is hard to tell if the author
actually meant to be wry or merely
to make another bitter comment.
This is a Vancouver book. It is
good to read familiar names like
Hastings Street, Granville, the
Bayshore Inn. They make it easier
to visualize the trips that Shannon
makes. This seems to be the book's
major attraction and it probably
would not have much appeal to a
larger audience. Books about
Vancouver are relatively rare and,
in spite of everything else, it is still
a pleasant surprise to read one.
The most hilarious military farce since MASH!
The Army's
prize human
guinea pigs
turn on
the gas!
SHOW TIMES: 12:15, 2:10,
4:05.6:00,8:00, 10:00
6 8 2-746 8
./^Grand priieSt
/•  ,•"       ■■
X direction J
% Cannes 1975 ;
"*-*■        Official
^**   award   -*"
a film by
costa- gavnas
4375 W. 10th
Show Times:
7:30, 9:30
Jean-Paul Belmondo
3:00, 5:00, 7:05, 9:10
SHOW TIMES: 7:30, 9:40
frightening and gory
scenes.—R. W. McDonald
CAMBIE al 18th
Remember when
skirts went up and
hair came down?
Remember when all
the girls were screaming
for the Beatles?
Remember when things
weren't just great...
they were groovy!
mt'/, *■
HO "ass***
„, •ME*?**.
A story that could only have happened in the 60's.
Occasional coarse language.
-R. W. McDonald, B.C. Dir.
SHOW TIMES: 12:15, 2:00,
• 76-2747 J
I'M     HI
In an isolated surreal pocket of World War I, the British
send Alan Bates into a highly unlikely, tiny French town to
discover a bomb. The townspeople have fled and the inmates
of the local asylum have taken their place. The resulting interaction gives us some of the most enchanting sequences on
film. When the reality of the rebrning armies breaks the bubble
and the inmates have returned to the asylum, we can really
share Bates' confusion about which people are really insane.
In our opinion, KING OF HEARTS is a rare treat; funny and sad
at the same time.
—second for second the funniest short ever made.
—a Lenny Bruce routine is animated cartoon.
SHOWTIMES: 7:30, 9:30
DUNBAR at 30th
Page Friday, 6
Friday, November 28, 1975 mu$icmu«ieinusfcmu^icin{i4$i€inii#iciiiit$ieiniisiemii8icmiiSEemii^i€
Talking with Hans Staymer
PF: Your band has been through a lot of
changes lately.
Hans: Yeah, well right now it's a completely new band. But that doesn't mean
that the old band doesn't exist anymore,
except that the people I was with for the last
three or four years also have other jobs in
music. They do commercials — they're
quite busy otherwise. We just need a break
from each other, and we had to go our own
ways for a while. But it doesn't mean that
we don't play together anymore. So in the
meantime I got myself another bunch of
people together, and we're playing slightly
different music: more blues and r&b, and
rock and roll.
Hans: The Lavin brothers, Tom and Jack
Lavin on bass and drums, and Graham
Coleman on piano, a fine piano player, and
the infamous Lindsay Mitchell on guitar and
myself on vocal and harmonica. Actually,
everyone is singing in the band.
PF: Tbe old band seemed to have a lot of
jazz and country influences. Was that
Robbie King?
Hans: No. Basically that was everybody
in the band. They're all studio musicians, so
they're into all kinds of facets of music,
from jazz and rock and roll to country. They
don't limit themselves to one particular bag.
The band, the way I operated it before, was
to play a whole cross-section of music, and
sometimes that's a little harder to sell to the
people because people want continuity.
Like, if they want to hear rock and roll, they
want to hear rock and roll all night long.
That's not exactly the way we operated. So
now this is a time to cool it for a while, and
maybe six months from now we'll make a
record or play another few concerts,
because we have been pretty tight. We've
been together for close to four years, and
there was some real good music being
PF: You did the Celebration thing with
Robbie King at the Queen E. How was that?
Hans: That was just phenomenal. That
was one of the highlights of my life. I'm sure
everyone involved was elated about it.
Because of Robbie King, because he wrote
most of the tunes in the show, and he
arranged it all and put it all together. It was
a roaring success in my opinion.
PF: Is there a chance of that happening
Hans: Yeah, for sure. He's already
writing another show for the spring,
probably in February or so. They're planning to make a T.V. show out of it, a special
of some kind. So the way it is working right
nowthere is no reason in the world why we
can't continue it.
PF: You had some pretty notable sidemen
in your first band (Robbie King, Eddie
Patterson, Wayne Kozak, Geof Eyre, Doug
Edwards). How did it come together?
Hans: Through living together in the same
town, we played together in different bands
and our paths crossed all the time. Eddie
and Robbie went to Motown for a while and I
did some things in the States. Doug Edwards
played with the 5th Dimension, and people
like that. Everyone has been around. Robbie
went to Japan and Doug went around the
world with the 5th Dimension. So it was an
interesting band, there's no doubt about it.
PF: How long have you been in Vancouver?
Hans: I came to Vancouver in 1965.
PF: You've played in various bands in
Vancouver since then.
Hans: Yeah, well I got together with some
friends, 5, 6, 7 years ago a band called
PF: Oh, right.
Hans: Yeah we spawned that in* Edmonton. We were together, me and Gaye
DeLorme and a few other people, like
WaynCKozak who was in the last band. We
just got together and said "Why don't we do
a thing in Vancouver where we get together
and play outrageous music?" And we did,
for about six months or so, and then it fell
apart. But while it was happening it was
really a fine band.
PF: Your last album was with RCA. Did it
get distributed?
Hans: Oh yeah, it did all right for us. I
think we must have sold close to ten
thousand copies in Canada alone. Which is
not too bad. It's nothing really big.
PF: How did you do in the States?
Hans: We didn't. Unfortunately RCA just
did not bust their butt to get us out in the
States, and we really needed that release.
We could've travelled with some big name
groups. Bruce Allen, from the BTO syndrome, had us on a tour with those guys
(BTO) through the east for about four big
concerts. We became quite close, and he told
us "God, if you guys could have a release in
the States, I can get you work in there in
some big shows, and you'll be exposed." But
without a release in the States there's
nothing he can do about it.
PF: "Midnight Hour" was on the first
album. Who's idea was that? It's a very
unusual arrangement.
Hans: I don't know. It just happened during
a gig once. Someone said "Let's do Midnight
Hour" and Robbie King started to play it,
and it just fell into place. So later on we said
to ourselves, "Why'don't we try to do it in
the studio?" We did it. The first album
really should have had a lot more original
material but we just did not have enough
together. I've listened to the first album
again just lately, and I've found its spirit
and approach to be a little rougher, right
down to it. If the recording had been a little
better, I'm quite sure it would have done
PF: A lot of people have said you were
holding back a little on your second album.
Hans: I probably was. I haven't spent
very much time in the studio, so when you go
in the studio it's different; it sounds different. But that was about a year ago, in
November, and a lot of things happened
since then. A band and an artist changes
within a year. Today, I wouldn't like to do it
like that anymore. But that was then. I just
hope that I have a few more opportunities to
do what I do now, in a year or a couple of
years from now. It will constantly change.
PF: How did you manage to sustain
yourself over the years?
Hans: I didn't. It's the struggle of every
artist. You do what you think you should be
doing, and I have never quite gone into the
blatantly commercial aspects of music. If
things have been coming together and I feel
good about it, like that band right now. It's a
very simple straightforward blues band that
loves to play rhythm, blues, and rock and
roll.- It's fun to play with people who are
honestly into it. They don't pretend to dig the
blues, they don't pretend to dig r&b, they're
just really diggin' it. Working with someone
like Lindsay Mitchell is a great inspiration.
So are the other players, but especially
Lindsay. The way he plays guitar is great to
my way of thinking. It's just fun all the way
through. You don't have to question
aesthetics and all that. You just do it, and if
it gets off, it gets off.
PF: There was a lot of feeling in "Hello
Central." I'm surprised it didn't do better
than it did.
Hans: In Canada that's about as good as
you can do when you're trying to get
something out the first time. The Canadian
market is small, and it's very prejudiced. If
it isn't charted in the States it just doesn't
make it in Canada. If you do make it in
Canada, then you really did something. It's
quite an achievement.
PF: Do you stretch out a lot more in live
Hans: Oh yeah. When the band feels good,
it just flows, and it'd be silly to cut it off just
because it's supposed to be three and a half
minutes long. When the band's beginning to
feel good, a lot of creative force happens.
When the band gets off the audience gets off.
I don't really think you can fool an audience
too much. If it feels good to you and to the
—doug field photos
people, there's no argument. You could play
the same note for ten minutes, but if it feels
good, that's O.K.
PF: Who were your influences?
Hans: Oh, many people. Mostly blues and
country. I think most people in North
America are not aware of the beauty of
American folk music. 1 consider rock and
roll folk music, and jazz. It's all folk music.
And it's such a unique music that it can't be
duplicated anywhere. I grew up in Germany, I was born in Hamburg, and the love
for jazz there is just tremendous. People,
well myself, we tried to imitate the jazz and
blues, you know the Chicago sound, but you
get some American people playing the same
thing and they just have that swing. White
and black. People in North America have
that swing with jazz music that no one else
can duplicate. We're quite spoiled here, and
Europeans are treasuring the American folk
music. To them it's just in the last sixty
years and it has conquered the world, which
is incredible I think.
PF: "Carmalita" has a real folk music
feel to it.
Hans: Gaye DeLorme wrote that, and he's
an excellent guitar player, both classical
and jazz and rock. He is responsible for most
of the Cheech and Chong skits.
PF: Yeah?
Hans: Oh yes, because Gaye DeLorme
and Terry Chong and David Graham, who
was our former manager, used to have a
show together called the City Works up at
the Shanghai Junk about five years ago. And
the skits that came out of that thing ended
up on Cheech and Chong records. Gaye
DeLorme is an excellent songwriter. He's
been writing for Bruce Miller. He produced
Bruce Miller's album. He played on an Airto
album, you know Airto the percussionist. He
and Gaye are very good friends. He.keeps
good company. It was Gaye DeLorme and
myself who started the Django thing. He
was the guitarist, and Kenny Passarelli,
who's now with Elton John, was on bass.
Kenny was also with Spring. Do you
remember Spring?
PF: Very well.
Hans: Well, he was with Spring and then
Ire was with Joe Walsh, and I think it was
Joe Walsh who introduced him to Elton
PF: As a Vancouver musician, where do
you see the future?
Hans: I think the future is quite bright.
Lately a lot of musicians have been coming
together; people who have never seen each
other before, who wouldn't even talk to each
other. Not because they didn't like each
other, but because there was no incentive
for getting together. But just lately it has
changed. The show that we did with Robbie
King had sixteen people involved, five
singers. I'd known the other singers, the
other four singers who are all women,
through studio work but we'd never worked
together in a show. There were eleven
musicians and five singers, and that's an
indication that things are coming together.
People are giggling, playing with other
bands and musicians, doing casuals, doing
radio shows together. Very gradually we're
getting it together in Vancouver. It'll be a
few years before it really becomes dynamic,
but it's there.
PF: Thanks.
Wfto's counting
Very few rock musicians have the
ability or confidence to open themselves to
an audience and allow us to peer in and see
the musician as a real person, letting us
share his thoughts and feelings. Too many
rock musicians today hide themselves
behind their contrived mythology or live a
programmed lifestyle. This depersonalizes
their music and stifles creativity.
A notable exception is Peter Townshend.
The Who's latest album, The Who By
Numbers, is patent Townshend. It is a
journey into the headspace pf one of rock
music's most brilliant artists. Unlike
Townshend's former achievements, Tommy
andtjuadrophenia, this LP is not a concept
album. However the ten songs are loosely
woven around a central theme: a man
looking inward, perceiving his transformations as he loses his youth, gains
material success, artd faces his future.
On one level, his increasing interest in
spiritual matter (Townshend is a follower of
the Indian mystic Meher Baba) is reflected
in the music, although it doesn't take the
patronizing style which people like George
Harrison seem tp have adopted. Townshend
is a man trapped by his ego, "there ain't no
way out," but searching for liberation and
finding, "no easy way to be free."
On another level, Townshend probes the
rock culture and his place in it:
Where do you fit in a magazine/
Where the past is hero and the present a
Just tell me right now, where do you fit in/
With mud in your eye and a passion for
Musically, the album is a significant yet
subtle departure from previous Who LPs. It
is subdued and controlled. There are few
outbursts of frantic energy, something
which characterized the Live at Leeds and
Who's Next albums.
Most of the songs are accoustically
oriented, which is a change from the largely
electric Who style. The synthesizer has been
abandoned and replaced by the accoustic
guitar, banjo and ukelele. Nicky Hopkins
provides some brilliant piano work on four
of the cuts. The album is softer, the sound
more delicate, and on this background the
vocals provide the focus of the music.
Townshend has replaced Rodger Daltrey as
lead singer, and proves he has the vocal
chops to maintain that position.
The only cut reminiscent of The Who of old
is "Dreaming From The Waist," complete
with jarring guitar riffs and heavy percussion sound. John Entwistole's incredible
talents as a bassist really shine on this cut.
Entwistle is one of the few bass players in
the business who manage to make the bass
an effective lead instrument.
The Who By Numbers indicates that
Townshend and the group are following a
new, more mature musical path. They
certainly have come a long way since those
days, a decade ago, when smashing guitars
on stage was their trademark.
Friday, November 28,  1975
Page Friday, 7 booksbooksbooksbooksbooksbooksbo
Comic dismembered
Novelist Martin Myers has
said that he considers himself a
frustrated stand-up comic. He once
worked as a comic, one of some
fifty odd jobs he had done at some
point. In a review of his second
novel, Frigate, the Toronto Star
warned "Woody Allen and Lenny
Bruce, move over," a reference to
the vaudevillian humor the
reviewer saw in the book. Myers,
himself, calls the book "just good
Martin Myers, Frigate
General Publishing Company Ltd.
4.95  \	
Using puns and ironic understatement, Myers' second book
reads like the punch line to a beer
room anecdote. The problem is
that he has chosen to blow that
punch line up into a 200 page book.
There are times when the material
just doesn't make it.
The basic situation involves a
bathroom scene. The protagonist,
Gilbert Frigate, loses his sexual
properties in the bathroom of the
Raltotheater. They are not torn off
or severed from his person in any
mechanical manner. Frigate
simply watches his genitilia slip off
in his hands while he is relieving
Actually, Myers should have
stuck with his first laugh. A good
comic has to know when his
material wears thin. After
Frigate's dismemberment, the
book develops a noticeable strain
until it finally arrives at the
climactic moment when the
protagonist learns he has never
been without the family jewels.
They were in his pants all along.
He was really a part in a fictional
film called Ye Gods.
The narrative voice then withdraws in a melodramatic mea
culpa, acknowledging he is unable
to deal with the problem of being
God any more.
Myers, v/ho holds an MFA
degree from the creative writing
department at John Hopkins
university in the States, was on
campus last week to read selections from his new novel. At that
time he called the book "a comic
book" and added that "the comedy
is used as a sugar coating for a
bitter pill."
The Assignment, Myers' first
novel, written initially as his MFA
thesis, was first published in the
States. General Publishing,
located in Don Mills, Ontario, has
released Frigate. Myers had some
interesting comments to make on
the respective differences between
the American and the Caadian
puBlishing businesses.
In the States, he cited the work of
agents to handle promotional work
for the writer. Moreover, career
editors trade on talent which
allows them to nurture writers.
For instance, a third novel, The
Reunion, has already been sold to
Farrar, Straus and Giroux in the
States despite the fact that Myers
hasn't finished it yet.
Obviously the Canadian scene,
working on smaller margins, has
not reached this stage yet. It does
not include agents. But there are
several notable career editors who'
are beginning to emerge including
Jack McClelland, J.J. Douglas and
Peter Martin.
One aspect of the American
industry has affected Myers in a
negative way. The Assignment was
first issued as a paperback by
Ballantine books. Subsequently, it
got lost in the turnover of stock
which the paperback trade in the
States thrives on. The book actually disappeared from the racks
until Paperjack, a Canadian house,
re-issued it this year.
Frigate, itself, represents an
interesting new development in
Canadian publishing. As part of the
General Publishing Company's
effort to reduce the costs of hard-.
cover books, the actual text
features smaller pages and a
cheaper quality of paper. Press
runs are 'ganged' which means
that several books are set and run
off during the same press run.
Guaranteed to Please
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Pop some ice in a glass, splash in
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Honest, direct, down to earth.
Yet always smooth, surprisingly subtle.
BACARDI rum.  Bacardi Rum(s) Produced by Special Authority and Under trie
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Page Friday, 8
Friday, November 28, 1975 dancedancedancedancedancedaneedancedancedancedancedanee
Contemporary Christmas
Just talking to Drelene Gibb, director of
the UBC Contemporary Dance Club, should
convince you that their Christmas performance will be a success. A rehearsal will
give further proof.
Gibb feels that the event will be considerably more exciting than most contemporary dance seen in Vancouver. She is
Although Gibb, who used to run her own
studio, thinks that the dance club fees (18 for
six weeks) may be relatively high for a
university club, she said that they are much
lower than studio fees would be.
At present the club offers only one level of
insruction because most of the students
have had little or no previous dance
training. Gibb would like to be able to offer
very enthusiastic about her work and seems
to have imparted this feeling to the members of her group.
The club dancers will be appearing on
Dec. 2 and 3 at 8:00 in the SUB Auditorium.
Tickets for the event are $1.00 for students,
$1.50 others.
This is the first year the club has been in
operation. Gibb would like to see more
dance classes in the university curriculum.
She mentioned there are a few dance classes
offered by the Faculty of Recreation but
there is no program offering production
workshops and development of dance as an
art form.
separate classes to students with varying
levels of experience. She hopes this will
become possible when the group is
established on campus. With a larger
enrolment, it would be possible to lower
their fees as well.
New dance classes will be starting next
term. The club also has hatha yoga classes.
Gibb seemed very excited about the
people she was working with. She mentioned
one class devoted to improvisation,
describing a complete ritual and sacrificial
act which emerged from it. She seemed very
pleased with the energy the dancers were
devoting to their work.
Covering up in
French whorehouse
"Undercovers Hero" is both an unsuccessful attempt at a World War Two
satire, and one of Peter Seller's worst
"Undercovers Hero"
now showing at the Bay Theatre
starring Peter Sellers
Set in German-occupied Paris, the film
revolves around Madame Gernier's
Parisienne whorehouse and her Parisienne
whores, who serve the German officers to
the best of their abilities. The ever versatile
English soon decide this is a "simply
dashing opportunity" to enlist the services
of true professionals in aiding the allied
cause, and the girls become honorary
members of General deGaulle's Free
French Army. As the battlefield shifts from
the fields of Verdun to the beds of the
brothel, German officers begin to
mysteriously disappear, and a cavalcade of
French, German, English and even
Japanese officials become entangled in a
net of spies and bedsheets.
Gibb said that dance was more exciting to
her than other art forms because in dancing,
your own body is your medium.
She would like to see one noon hour a week
devoted to improvisational dancing,
perhaps working with UBC music students.
She feels that contempory dance should be
as free as social dancing; that people should
be able to just drop in and spend the hour
She wants the concert to be very informal
as well. The performers could explain the
progress of their work while the audience
responds to what they see.
The club has already performed with the
Historical Dance Society of Vancouver in
the University Women's Club's Christmas
fair at Hycroft. Drelene Gibb worked with C.
Lee, Historical Dance consultant and instructor with the Anna Wyman studio, in
directing the event.
The dancers, known as the Court Dance
Group, were filmed by CTV for a television
broadcast on Christmas morning 9:30 a.m.
In next week's concert, they will be performing three pieces.
Although great expectations were inspired by the first line of the film, "history is
but a fable that has been agreed upon," as
the beginning scenes continued these hopes
were quickly crushed. I began to feel a deep
sympathy for Voltaire because his name
was connected to this feeble effort at satire,
and deeper amazement that Peter Sellers
would want his name connected to the film.
Yet he played six different characters in
the film.
Apparently this is an attempt to produce a
highly amusing film in a vulgar, risque
manner and the producers of "Undercover
Hero" have fallen far short of their mark.
Though the film is occasionally punctuated
by such lines as "What do you think of
Paris? Well, it's very French" and upon
seeing Hitler, "That's a face I've seen
before," these lines alone do not produce a
hysterically funny film.
The comedy is often cliche and very obvious, sometimes more disgusting than
amusing, and is sadly lacking in the subtle
humor that Sellers has so often demonstrated in his other films.
C. Lee will present several pieces of
contempory work in co-operation with invited students from the Vancouver community. Janice LeBlond, another of the
program's instructors and president of the
Club, will also be performing.
Several pieces for the evening, performed
by Dance Club students, have been
choreographed by Drelene Gibb.
Some of the students I saw at the
rehearsal had not had any formal dance
instruction before this year. Drelene feels
that this lack of training gives them a fresh
approach to their dancing. Although they
had little relationship to my image of a
ballerina, the dancers seemed very
dedicated to what they were doing. Only
when Drelene Gibb appeared on stage to
demonstrate with her grace and fluidity, did
I nonce the difference that years of training
can make. Otherwise their performance
seemed graceful and full of vitality.
Drelene Gibb hopes this concert will lead
to a growing interest in dance performed at
UBC,She seems to be the right person to
encourage it:
The Tequila
with the
spirit of
Friday, November 28,  1975
Page Friday, 9 movies moviesmoviesmoviesmoviesmo
Food film satiates
La Grande Bouffe is a picture
of absurdity, a dream-like record
of culinary suicide. Four men have
arranged to meet for their final
gastronomic seminar — they have
vowed to eat themselves to death.
In a way that is sometimes pornographic, sometimes allegorical,
but without gimmicks, the director
has created an overall effect that
proves to be fascinating.
The acting is convincing and low
key, with the actors having little to
say. This is in keeping with the
mood of detached observation
which Bouffe maintains almost too
The city is most certainly Paris.
Ugo Tognazzi is the chef of an
expensive restaurant, the man who
could become a millionnaire
through his art but packs up his
sacred knives, bids his angry wife
au revoir and leaves for the
meeting. Marcello Mastroianni is
the fast moving playboy, an
eternally restless airline pilot with
voracious appetites for living.
Michel Piccoli is another societal
idol of success. He is a TV director
who, though he possesses all the
rewards that fall to those of middle
age, sees all as epheremal. He is
ready to move toward the only
experience he counts as
Phillippe is the most obviously
trapped of all. He is a judge, a man
who has never quite awoken to
question his insecurities but who
moves, nevertheless, to satisfy
them in this most final way.
The meeting place is a beautiful
old mansion, complete with a
terraced garden, swans and
statues. This location in the middle
of the city, is the one and only
Though the movie never loses its
pornographic edge, it begins to
build an unmistakeable irony.
There are always short lines — as,
is the drawback of -most foreign
films, but the subtitles have
nothing to obscure. The absurd
situation is consistently presented,
as when Michel is told to "Eat, eat,
or you will not die," and "Pretend
you are a starving child . . .".
The significant part of the film,
which indeed makes it worth
seeing is the presence of Andrea,
Gay blown heist
Dog Day Afternoon is a movie
about an actual bank robbery that
took place in August 22, 1972, in
Brooklyn. New York.
Dog Day Afternoon
starring  Al  Pacino,   John   Cazale
directed by Sidney Lumet
at the Denman Place
The story begins on a hot
Brooklyn afternoon, when three
bank robbers walk into a bank just
as it is closing. A minute later, one
of the thieves decides that he
doesn't want to go through with if,
and leaves, taking the getaway car
with him.
About a quarter of an hour later,
the two remaining thieves discover
that the bank vaults had been
practically emptied earlier in the
day, and that there is almost
nothing left to steal.
In another 10 minutes, just as the
thieves are about to leave, they
receive a phone call from the
police telling them to surrender.
They look out the window and find
the street is crawling with cops and
the roofs are crawling with
snipers, and about this point in the
film, you begin to feel that perhaps
these fellows are losers.
What I have just outlined is just
the beginning. As the movie continues, the situation thickens, is
kneaded, shaped by skilful
touches, and finally it hardens into
a tale of very human proportions,
funny, earthy and inevitably
Al Pacino has gained an enviable
reputation as an actor. His choice
of the role of Sonny in Dog Day
Afternoon is well designed to
maintain that reputation. The
script is an excellent one, and he
makes the most of it.
The rest of the movie stacks up
quite well against Pacino's performance. The crowd scenes are
beautifully choreographed, and if
you had not been told beforehand
that this was a true story, they
would rate as satire.
The crowd is like a Greek chorus,
or like the groundlings in a theatre,
reacting and being manipulated by
the actions of the main characters.
At first, they are solidly on the side
of the bank robbers, against the
police. In a scene of rare farce,
they are led by Sonny in a chant of
"Attica. Attica." and they
seemingly have no sense of the
incongruity of their actions.
Later, when it is discovered that
Sonny is homosexual, the crowd's
mood changes, though it is apparent that many of them find this
juicy bit of gossip titilating.
This is a richly textured, very
funny, very moving film, with a
good deal more to it then I have
sketched here.
the school teacher who leads a
group of children to the Linden tree
on the mansion property. She is
invited to dinner — on behalf of
Marcello and his sexual cravings,
but the men get not only a partner
but (surprise!) someone humanly
larger than either themselves, or
their whole situation.
She quickly becomes identified
with the mansion and the haunting
piano melody that plays over and
over again. It is she who quiets the
baying dogs that gather around the
house anticipating death within.
She becomes the symbol of indulgence and fecundity, providing
the men with the idea of a community which they remain
powerless to respond to.
Andrea and her role bring to life
the two levels of Bouffe. It's
allegorical.and it's pornographic
allowing you to focus on a social
comment. How has their society
killed these men?, or as a raw,
exploitative humor. Thus, potence
and impotence oscillates to death-
life, all contributing to the tale of
starvation in the midst of plenty. <
I came away from La Grande
Bouffe thinking that R. D. Laing
might have co-directed it. Even the
title has two meanings, the great
feast, or the last gasp. It remains
both a long, drawn-out and occasionally funny porno film, as
well as a parody of roles in present
day society that can imprison and
Andrea remains the missing
link, chamelion-like, but providing
the final lusty laugh and the new
beginning nature has in store in
picking up leftovers.
Enjoy Southern
Comfort, smooth,
sweet satisfaction
from the South.
Mixes with everything within reason
and it's great all on
its lonesome. Try
some. Y'all love it.
The Grand Old
Drink of the
South that
can't be
m JM" ,..«.,► «-'
Page Friday, 10
Friday, November 28,  1975 lawlawlawlawlawlawlawlawlawlawlawlawlawlawlawlawlawlaw
Rankin: sensitive radical
How does a radical, who believes in revolutionary
change, reconcile himself to working within the
system? Why does Harry Rankin, an avowed
socialist, sit on a city council dominated by conservatives? What does Harry Rankin hope to achieve
by taking on legal work concerned basically with
individual rather than collective injustices?
Harry Rankin,
Rankin's Law: Recollections of a Radical,
Vancouver: November House, 1975, 220 p.,
$7.95, paper
In his book, Rankin's Law, Harry Rankin deals
with some of these questions. Many of his answers
are neither very convincing nor logically consistent.
Yet they reveal a great deal about Harry Rankin the
man, his beliefs and the elements in his upbringing
that influence his current thinking.
According to Rankin, his original intention was to
write a book on the Fred Quilt affair, the case where a
Chilcotin Indian died after an alleged beating by the
RCMP. However, upon attempting to put pen to paper
Rankin felt that in order to explain his own role in the
case he had to go back much further in his own life.
The resulting book is a mixture of autobiography
and social and political commentary. The book
begins with a description of Rankin growing up in
east Vancouver during the Depression and ends with
a detailed discussion of the Quilt affair. In between
are anecdotes about his law practice, his role as
lawyer in B.C. labor conflicts and a rather too short
discussion of his involvement in Vancouver politics.
The first two chapters beyond the introduction are
among the more interesting ones. Rankin writes
about the life of his parents in some detail and with a
great deal of sensitivity. He does not really specify
the impact his parents had on his own personality but
the reader can make some deductions, particularly
when he characterizes his father as a fiercely independent figure.
One also gets unusual glimpses of Vancouver life
during the Depression from the vantage of a young
Harry Rankin, apprentice baker at Gold's bakery.
Rankin recalls this period in his life with little rancor
and much nostalgia. He does become bitter, however,
when describing his six-year stint in the Canadian
Apparently Rankin had numerous run-ins with
officers. His conflict with the army culminated in 1945
" when he applied for an education grant. He was told
by a "fat ex-officer, 'Rankin, I don't think you have
the background for university.' '' Rankin got his back
up and persisted. He eventually received his grant
and within a five-year period he obtained his high
school matric, his B.A. and a law degree.
At UBC he became interested in socialism. He
never joined the Communist Party but nonethless his
views became well known. Sufficiently well-known, in
fact, that in 1950 he was almost not admitted to the
bar because of his alleged communist tendencies.
This was the first but not the only instance where he
had to compromise his political views in order to be
acceptable to the powers that be.
In the book Rankin does not dwell at length on why
he works within the system rather than outside it.
What he does say is rather contradictory. On the one
hand Rankin says:
■". . .1 adamantly reject one type of compromise —
that of joining a party whose sole business is to
maintain the capitalist system with improvements. I
believe we must change this system completely in
order to effect long-range solutions."
Yet on the next page Rankin will say,
"Of course, massive changes in the system are
needed, butinCanada, voting is still very representative of people's wishes, and government at certain
levels is still very responsive to demands for
Rankin believes he can effect change working
within institutions, "by chipping away at the weak
points of the present system." However I strongly
suspect that far from wanting to bring down the
system Rankin has a fair amount of respect for
present-day institutions and traditions:. Moreover,
although obviously aware that what happens to
people is often a result of large-scale collective injustice, Rankin in this book demonstrates a finely
honed feel for miscarriages of justice involving the
rights of individuals.
Rankin's description of several cases, often murder
charges, show that he loves working for and with
individuals. He relates to them on a personal.level,
probing why a particular person may have committed a crime and the mitigating circumstances.
Many of his arguments on behalf of clients, made not
only for judge and jury but one suspects also for the
readers of the book, are couched in' common law
terms and justified by traditional legal notions
concerning individual rights.
Even labor cases, where unions were taken to
court, the actions of union leaders are defended by
Rankin with reference to individual rights and responsibilities. An example is the case of George
North. As editor of The Fisherman he was cited for
being in contempt of court when editorially criticizing
the granting of an injunction in an industrial dispute
on behalf of management. Rankin defended North by
pleading the principle of freedom of expression
rather than arguing the accuracy of North's editorial
in its assessment of the court's behavior.
•After a short absence, Vista is back with information on freebies and cheapies around Vancouver that might interest students. Vista will be
appearing weekly in Page Friday from now on. If you
know of interesting, upcoming entertainment, that
would interest students, wander up to The Ubyssey
office in SUB 241K and let us know.   -
Coming up this weekend, the UBC Contemporary
Dance Club is putting on a performance of interpretive dance. There will be two performances,
December 2 and 3 at 8:00 in SUB auditorium. Cost for
students is $1.00 and non-students $1.50.
Vancouver East Cultural Centre is a continuing
source of good and reasonably-priced entertainment
of many varieties. Currently playing is "Fanshen," a
play concerning the Chinese revolution. Tickets are
$2.50 weeknights and $3.00 on weekends. Showtime is
8:30 Tuesday through Saturday, Nov. 21 to Dec. 6.
VECC also has a solution to Christmas shopping
hassles. Beginning Friday, December 12, until
Tuesday, December 23, they will be selling the work
of almost 200 B.C. craftspeople. The crafts'include
wooden toys, pottery, candles, jewelry and much
more. The Christmas Market will be open at the
Cultural Centre, 1895 Venables St., from 11:00 to 10:00
For other info on the many events held at the
Cultural Centre, you can call them St 254-9578.
The Lutheran Campus Centre, situated in that
inconspicuous little building on the corner of
Wesbrook and University Boulevard, holds coffee
houses every Friday night from 8:00 to 12:30 and
features different professional musicians each week.
This Friday night will feature Cathie and Bruce
Webster and on December 5, Denise Larson will be
performing on the guitar.
Also on the fifth, the hockey 'Birds will be putting
on a disco dance in an effort to raise money for their
trip to San Diego at Christmas. Tickets are $1.50 a
person and with each ticket purchased, a free Keg
dollar is part of the bargain. This event will take
place in Gage Towers, starting at 8:00. Let's support
our jocks.
This Saturday, Vancouver music co-op is holding a
benefit to raise money for the Musicians Resource
Service for the first annual awards banquet. Tickets
are $3.00 and will go to support Vancouver's local
Vista welcomes contributions and will return after
Although often given to
polemics, when Rankin comes
down to specific cases he shows
himself to be an extremely fair
man. This comes out in what is
probably the most important
section in the book, the discussion
of the Fred Quilt affair.
In reviewing all the material
related to and the issues arising out
of the Quilt affair, Rankin
carefully reconstructs events on
the basis of the available evidence,
considering the motives of the
individuals and the pressures
operating on them. Rankin goes
out of his way to compliment Judge
McNeil, who presided over the
second inquest into the death of
Fred Quilt, for his patience and
sympathy in handling the case.
And in the end Rankin pronounces
himself satisfied with the outcome
of the case.
Rankin, in analyzing the importance of the Quilt affair,
manages to highlight many of the
injustices that Indians are forced
to suffer at the hands of white
society. Nevertheless he notes,
both directly and indirectly, that
many current institutions can be
made to work, in some fashion, in
favor of justice for the oppressed.
The image of Harry Rankin in
public is often that of a tough-
minded, rancorous individual. In
writing this book he gives us an
opportunity to see the other side of
Harry Rankin. Although highly
independent and occasionally
arrogant, he is at the same time a
highly sensitive and humane figure
with a genuine regard for individual freedom and justice.
^omethina to
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Both Stores Open Sundays .
Friday, November 28,  1975
Page Friday, 11 GIFTS THAT KEEP
ON GIVING... from
Freddy Fender
BDS   5141    -   IMAGINATION   -
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BDS 5612 - I  FEEL A SONG -
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DOSD     2020    -    BEFORE    THE     NEXT
HBLP 700t - KISS
AV 69006 - DISCO BABY - Van McCoy
AV 69009 - THE DISCO KID - Van McCoy
BTSD 6022 - CHAIN REACTION - Crusaders
KSBS   2607   -   NIGHT   RIDER   -   Charlie
Daniels Band
BTSD 6021 - STEPPIN - Pointer Sisters
CEL     1900    -     LES    CINQ    SAISONS    -
NBLP 7020 - ALIVE! - Kiss - (2 Record Set)
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7ES     1041     -     PORTRAIT
GALLERY - Harry Chapin
MS   2194   -   WAITRESS   IN
SD 18140 - CUT THE CAKE .
— The Average White Band
7ES  1004 -  ON THE BORDER - Eagles
MS 2223 - GOOD VIBRATIONS (The Best of the Beach
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BS 2835 - STAMPEDE - The
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SD 18131 - FEEL LIKE
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DS 2234 - BONGO FURY -
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RS 6408 - KILN HOUSE -
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Page Friday, 12
Friday, November 28,  1975 iiiuuy,   nuvcmuci    ^u,    17/J
I   H   t
Page  19
Big business and 'the little woman'
Second of two parts
On Thursday, The Ubyssey
. published part one of an article
that was concerned with the corporations and women. In other
■words, it was a feminist view of
corporations and the effect they
have one women.
The article discussed capitalism
— "Capitalism does not primarily
' work for prosperity, it works for
profit, and the two are only occasionally coincidental" — and
how the offspring of that economic
system affects women |-j- "Big
business today is moving into
services that women need, which
had always been considered areas
' of 'public trust' or tfie 'public
Part two expands on this.
So big business moved into
unlikely areas. Day care is now
sold for profit by nationwide chains
. and franchises. There are profit-
making hospitals, laboratories,
nursing homes and abortion
clinics. Technical, or vocational,
education is permeated with
middle-and-large-sized corporations, and education in general
is encouraged to become more
capital-intensive, relying on
corporately produced "products"
and "systems" as much as on
All of these areas affect women
in ways they don't affect men. Day
care is more important to women's
freedom of movement than to
men's, because most women are
still more responsible for their
children than men are. If a couple
can find only a high-priced, second-
rate profit-making day care centre
for its kids, it won't be Daddy who
stays home rather than send them
there. If the couple is divorced,
Daddy probably won't have the
kids on his hands at all.
When a hospital is taken over by
a profit-making corporation, the
pediatric out-patient facility (not
especially profitable) is often
closed down. Who sits in pediatric
waiting rooms, and who drives
V across town to get to them when
the neighborhood hospital closes
its clinic? Not the fathers.
Profit decides
The maternity ward is the other
facility that may be closed down
when a hospital goes profit — or
simply not included when a
hospital is built for profit. If we're
trying to avoid the maternity ward
rahter than use it, were are more
and more likely to get abortions in
profit-making abortion clinics,
some of which are openly profit-
making chains, and some of which
are "non-profit," though they
sprout up in different cities across
the country like MacDonalds, and
are as expensive, routinized, and
profitable as the "profit-making"
It is still women who spend more
volunteer time involved with their
children's educations, and
education is a vital place to break
the cycle of low expectations, a few
role models, and fewer possibilities
for our daughters. Teaching, in the
lower grades, is one of the few
professions dominated by women.
But the corporate giants —
Westinghouse, Time-Life, General
Electric and Xerox, to name a few
— are moving in on education, and
it may never be the same. Systems
and units and computer print-outs
flow from headquarters to your
neighborhood school, complete
with the same old sexist, racist
stereotypes and the same lock-step
format. The only difference is that
now the source of the problem is
further away from home — and
that much harder to do anything
about. The other difference, of
course, is that now a few companies are making money. Big
The people who used to make a
little money in education, teachers,
are divided on this issue. Good
audio-visual materials are vital,
some say, and if only the corporate
giants can produce them, so be it.
Others, and particularly the
teachers' unions, are against the
tec hnologi zing of education
because they feel it is a way of
getting around hiring enough
teachers to do the job.
Indeed, Westinghouse's PLAN
program of computerized testing
and ready-made units is marketed
with the implication that it will cut
down on the number of teachers
needed. Westinghouse's PLAN ad
in the Saturday Review of
Education showed a (male) high
school teacher in a dozen places in
a classroom helping a dozen
students simultaneously.
One man can't do that, was the
message, but PLAN can. A dozen
men and women could do that,
however, and do it better, and that
is what the unions would prefer. If
12 teachers are too expensive,
two is probably a more realistic
number for the average high
school class. Two live people
should be able to outdo a weekly
mailing from Westinghouse and a
computer in Iowa City.
The teacher versus computer
controversy brings us back to the
issue of work, specifically in
human services. This is still the
area in which most professional
women work — primarily as
nurses and teachers. Education,
health, counselling, and social
services are all very popular jobs
with women. They are also the jobs
that are being changed and shaped
by the corporate takeover of these
The reason day care, hospitals,
clinics, and classrooms were never
seen as places to make a profit is
that they are labour-intensive, and
the labour has to be skilled. The
counselor in the abortion clinic, the
day care teacher, and those high
school teachers are the crucial
factor in the "production" of day
care, education, or a decent experience for an abortion patient.
The staff is also the most costly
operating factor in a classroom,
day care centre or clinic.
The only way that these human
services can be made profitable is
by cutting down the costs of
providing them. To some degree
these costs are cut by using fewer
staff people. This has a clear
impact on the working conditions
in these jobs.
The perfect
Only $2.00 at
The Bookstore, S.U.B.
Information Booth,
Publications Office (S.U.B.
Rm. 241), the Thunderbird
Shop and University
Pharmacy in the Village.
The only other way to cut down
on the cost of staff is to pay them
less. Pay and working conditions
are the major issues among the
staffs of corporate day care centres and abortion clinics. This is
not to say that these are not issues
in publicly funded day care,
clinics, and schools.
The point is that keeping wages
down and workloads up is vital to
making a profit in these areas.
This makes exploitation of workers
in such services an entrenched
problem. And women, because we
want to work in these areas, are
faced with a sickening choice:
work where you want to work and
starve, or work for the system that
creates this mightmare and have
your economic independence.
This is more of a problem for
women than for men because it
involves a further conflict, a
conflict of values. Our feminist
values of self-sufficiency and
freedom are tied, in a capitalist
system, to money: having enough
to live on — and, for some of us, to
support our kids on. There are
traditional values which we want
to hold onto, however: those of
compassion, of putting people
before profit, of wanting a work-
life integrated with our values and
needs. They lead us toward work
that not only underpays us, but
frustrates our motivation for doing
it: the bosses are not putting
people before profit, and are not
interested in compassion. They are
interested in our labor, not our
work lives and our needs.
How can we liberate ourselves
from our secondary role in society
without sacrificing whose values
which we have traditionally held
and which we still feel positively
There is no satisfactory solution;
we are forced to choose one side
over the other, or at best to let one
side predominate. Unfortunately,
the structure of capitalist society
ties power and independence and
money to a rearranging of
priorities that supplants human
needs with personal and company
Since our need to be
economically powerful and independent is a strong one, we are
while stock
pushed toward sacrificing our old
values and becoming
businesswomen or professional
women in a corporate context. We
have always been teachers, nurses
and social workers and this has not
freed us from our secondary roles.
So we come to believe that
economic power will free us.
But slowly we are learning that
this is not true — that a one-sided
approach will never mean
liberation, be it the side of
humanism and poorly paid service,
or the side of competition and
economic power. Women
politicians, women executives, and
women doctors do not guarantee
that society will become more
humane, because as women attain
these positions they lose many of
the qualities and skills that can
promote such societal change.
Some women now consciously
resist choosing this corporate way.
They reaffirm old values — and
remain underpaid with little
responsibility or power.
But consciously and angrily
choosing a secondary role is no
more liberating than being forced
into one. Nurses, however changed
their personal roles and
relationships might be, still remain
secondary to doctors and administrators in decision-making
power and in earning power.
Struggle fated
And women who try to avoid
tangling with the corporate system
by starting their own small
businesses or by forming collective
projects are still faced with the
struggle of surviving financially
and feeling pressured to use
practices that mean ripping off the
people they serve. Again, no
matter how "liberated" the attitude, corporate structure and
corporate society still define the
choices and the limits.
And what about the women who
want to resist the corporate way,
who don't want to be corporate
businesswomen, but who also don't
want to be teachers, nurses or
social workers? What choices do
they have?
Corporate society leaves many
women with no choice at all, and so
they fall into the job most available
to women: clerical work. Or they
become teachers, nurses, and
social workers even though they do
. not want to do these jobs. What
does this mean for the students,
patients, and clients who are
dependent on these- women for
At best, capitalism gives us a
choice between the lesser of two
i evils; at worst, it gives us no choice
at all. We sacrifice economic
power for humanistic values or
humanistic values for economic
power. We sacrifice recognition for
fulfillment or fulfillment for
Understanding corporate power
helps us to understand why we are
always making sacrifices. We need
to know that our full participation
in society as workers is never
possible, and that even for those of
us who are in the workforce, our
jobs are defined by the corporate
values of profits over people.
In order to change our lives,
then, we need to change the
economic system, and in order to
change the system we need to be
able to deal with it on its own
terms. Since we may never have
been attracted to mathematics or
economics, we have not had the
tools to investigate corporate
power. But corporations affect us
more and more directly as they
encroach on our traditional
territory in the human services —
an area where our needs as
workers and consumers merge.
Our direct experience of cor- s
porate power gives us a viewpoint
the mathematicians and
economists don't have. This could
be the impetus that gets us involved in understanding and then
fighting corporate power.
Anti-Cutbacks Committee
The AMS Students' Council has established an
Anti-Cutbacks Committee to investigate the effect of
the Educational cutbacks on students at this University.
Any UBC student wishing to sit on this committee is
asked to please contact:
Ellen Paul AMS Secretary
SUB Rm. 250 or at 228-2050
Application forms for 1976 summer
work with the British Columbia
Provincial Government available at
NOV. 26th to DEC. 5th, 1975
9:00 a.m. - 4:30 p.m. Daily
Student Referral Office
Employment Programmes Branch
British Columbia Department of Labour
Parliament Buildings, Victoria, B.C. rage zu
n c
Friday, November 28,  1975
Socred transvestites
main issue in Pt. Grey
Anybody who doesn't believe
Garde Gardom and Pat McGeer
are the only issues of this
provincial election in the Point
Grey riding should.tryto attend an
all-candidates' meeting where they
aren't present.
The chances are that anybody
who tries it will end up like most of
the audience of 50 or so who tried to
watch four of the nine candidates-
in the riding stumble their way
through a meeting at Gage Towers
Thursday night: comatose with
The lively exchange between
speaker and audience, the tension,
the sharp dialogue that has
marked previous meetings where
the two political opportunists were
present, was painfully lacking at
the Gage meeting.
The NDP's Hilda Thomas and
Setty Pendakur, Liberal Dick
Durante and independent Jerry
Does trotted out their campaign
platforms, but it seemed that few
people were interested in the
opinions of a bunch of people
fighting for third and fourth place
in the election.
From page S
help pay for their education and
Bruce fought against us in council
on the grounds that too many
'American students were getting
jobs under student summer employment programs.
If this were true, and there is no
evidence to prove it, it is probably
due to the fact that profs know
their non-immigrant students are
not allowed to seek other jobs and
they make their decisions on that
basis. Even if non-immigrant
students could get working visas as
we advocate, the government
would only allow them to take jobs
Canadians didn't want.
Finally Bruce sights the expansion of Kenny's executive at
UBC and the loss of the off-campus
housing service as sample areas of
real concern to students. Surely it
is the job of elected reps at UBC,
such as Bruce Wilson, to make sure
that UBC students get that housing
service financed* and that UBC
administration not proliferate out
of sight. Does he really expect
BCSF or NUS to step in and do his
job over the heads of council
What I don't understand is why
anyone would waste so much news
space misrepresenting the BCSF
and NUS and then tack on the
comment that he will support the
fee referenda that will make UBC a
member of the BCSF and of NUS.
The logic there is typically tortured. Perhaps Bruce Wilson is
just confused.
Prospective voters that did stay
awake heard the NDP's education
department come under attack
from Durante and even Hilda
Durante said that while the NDP
has increased education spending,
education now represents a
smaller percentage of the
provincial budget than it did three
years ago, when Barrett's
government came to power, partly
on a platform of increasing
education spending.
"The percentage of education
spending is dropping under the
NDP," he said, and added that
under a Liberal government
education would be, "if not top
priority, at least close to the top."
Thomas, saying that reduction in
class size was a priority of the
NDP, added the party "has some
way to go before we fulfill 1972
campaign pledges" on the subject.
Running mate Setty Pendakur,
responding to one of the few
questions from the audience, said
he was personally opposed to instituting entrance exams at UBC
or any other B.C. university,
because "they show a lack of
confidence in the education
But, he added, he doesn't believe
the government has any right to
interfere in the academic standards and requirements of the
hair studio inc.
5784 University (Next to Bank of Commerce)
Now On Sale
IF MEDITATION IS THE ANSWER, what is the" question?
Unidentified student checking out inner space while grooving on
sunshine outside SUB doesn't seem to care.
Our "Delly" special submarine counter will be
open from 10 a.m. to 5
Internationally Trained ™^y
Hairstylists .^^^
Open Tues. - Sat. ^^^
9 a.m. - 5:30 p.m.
4605 Vf. 10th AVE.
1110 Seymour St.
with ZINGO
Tuesday, Dec. 2 —
7:30 p.m. til 12:30 a.m.
Tickets $2.50 includes a beverage
Tickets available at A.M.S. Office
books by
foot sale
And just look at
what it contains:
• The names, addresses, phone numbers, academic programme
and year of all U.B.C. students.
• Pertinent university administration and department telephone
numbers, A.M.S. numbers, and residence phone.
• Your student guide to U.B.C, the administration, the Alma
Mater Society, S.U.B. information, housing, help (advice or
assistance), clubs and athletics, food, drink and transportation.
• Everything you wanted to know about where to shop . . .
where to find what you're looking for — from pizzas to
motorcycles. Yellow. Pages advertisers are accustomed to
students, and are eager to serve student needs.
ONLY $2.00
(plus tax)
at the following locations:
|The Bookstore, S.U.B. Information Booth, Publications
Office, (Rm. 241), the Co-Op Bookstore, Thunderbird
|Shop and the University Pharmacy in the Village. Friday, November 28, 1975
Pag* 21
Secondary teacher says:
'Need for literacy up,
respect for it down'
From page 1
He says school budgets should
also make provisions for markers,
to leave teachers more time to
work with individual students.
And, he says, there should be
more release time for teachers to
attend workshops on overcoming
"At the moment, schools don't
provide time off for in-service
John McVicar, president of the
B.C. English Teachers
Association, says schools need
"more and better trained teachers,
and more money" to solve the
"Possibly, from my own point of
view, more attention has te-be paid
to English in the schools," he says,
particularly in the areas of reading
and writing skills.
Linda Wilson, president of the
Vancouver Secondary Teachers
Association, says: "We of course
are asking for more funds to
provide for back-up staff —
markers, more secretaries."
Wilson says there "are only so
many hours you can spend in a day
as an English teacher " and too
many of those hours are spent in
marking assignments.
"There are not enough hours to
deal with individual students, and,
particularly in composition, you
have to deal with individual
But Wilson says some aspects of
the education system have already
improved from what they were
several years ago.
"The availability of simple
resources is a lot better than it
used to be," §he says. "Class sizes
have improved — the typical class
is now 31 students, not 38 or 39 as it
used to be."
She says that many students who
have recently been having
problems with English literacy in
university are products of the
overcrowded classrooms and
limited programs of several years
"People now in university are
products of the deep freeze the
Socreds put on education," she
But Wilson thinks literacy is a
problem that is more complex than
many people want to admit.
"It is a problem — but no so
simplistic that it can be solved by
upgrading teacher education," she
"Part of the problem of literacy
lies   in   the   way   people   com
municate today — it's a societal
problem in part. There is a great
deal more communication by other
means than writing.
"We live in a North American
society and very early in our lives
tend to judge everything on
whether it's-useful to us — it's a
very utilitarian society."
Wilson says that many high
school students don't see the
usefulness of formal writing skills,
when even job resumes can be
written by professional firms.
In other words, the problem is
not literacy, so much as that
students don't perceive the need
for literacy.
"If they (students) can't use it,
they're not interested in it, if
they're not interested, they will do
it in a very mechanical way —
they'll do it to get a grade."
And students live in a society
wherewritten communication isn't
used as often as radio, telephone,
television are.
"I think literacy is very, very
important," Wilson says.
"Literacy is needed today more
than ever. But many people do not
perceive the need for literacy —
respect for literacy is declining.
"What we really need English
for is an intellectual tool," she
says, which can communicate
subtle shades of meaning and
But, as Wilson asks, "How do you
sell that to a Grade 8 who is only
interested in hot cars?"
Roy Morris, English department
head at Eric Hamber, says part of
what seems to be a literacy
problem may be due to the fact
that more students remain in the
educational system  than before.
"There are more students in
Grade 12 than there used to be,"
Morris says. "A very small percentage of students quit high
school now.
"Most university students 15
years ago were in the A or B range
at school — many students now
attending university have marks in
the C-plus range and lower."
Or, as Wilson puts it: "One
problem that the university is
experiencing is it's using a wider
net these days with not so fine a
And McVicar suggests that
"perhaps UBC isn't being successful in competing for the best
high school students."
"Competition for the better first-
year students must be much
keener than it used to be — the
entering product may be watered
down a bit," he says.
Information Night
Tuesday, Dec. 2   7:30 p.m.
Rooms 402/404 International House
a documentary on South Africa
The Answer:
AMS Co-op Book & Craft Shop
We are student owned and offer crafts
and import items at prices
Far Below normal retail outlets.!
Come in and visit us!
SUB Basement -
Mon. - Fri. 8:30
Morris says another significant
change in the education system in
recent years has been the influx of
people whose native language is
not English.
Wilson says that "more than one
out of three students in Vancouver
schools do not speak English at
home — that complicates the
problem in Vancouver."
And Morris terms the large
number of non-native English-
speaking students "a fantastic
"We have many students from
Hong Kong and other places who
are outstanding mathematicians
and scientists for their age, but
who are woefully weak in English
— written subtleties are beyond
them," he says.
But Morris adds that some of
these "students who are weak in
English still know enough to read
textbooks in their own fields, and
should have the chance to go on to
"I would hate to see the door
closed on them," he says.
And Morris questions the emphasis on first-year English at
UBC. (Science students are only
required to take one year of
university English.)
"What's so special about that
particular year?" he asks. "How
can the university be so confident
that one more year is so special?"
Both Morris and Wilson stressed
the importance of communication
and co-operation between all levels
of educators.
"We've got a lot of work to do,"
says Wilson. "I can see the
necessity of co-ordination of effort
here. I think it would be to
everyone's advantage if we cooperated a little more."
And Morris points out that
"there's just no communication
between the two groups (high
schools and universities).
"It's unfortunate. that we live
apart so much from each other. I
would like to see us coming
together and trying to work out
what each other's problems are,"
he says.
"I can't see communication of
that sort being bad."
University of Victoria
B.C.'s 3
Dr. Petch, one of UBC's first Ph.D.
graduates, will discuss the
problems of a number of different
universities in Ontario and B.C.
SAT., NOV. 29,8:15 P.M. A
Vancouver institute
lectures take place on
Saturdays at 8:15 p.m.
on the ubc campus
in lecture hall no. 2
instructional resources
admission to the general
public is free
• Canadian Association of
University Teachers, Status of Women Committee.
• Dunbar — West Point Grey
Area Council.
• Endowment Lands Regional Park Committee.
• Board of Trustees, Vancouver   General   Hospital.
• Professor of Planning,
• Association of Professional
Engineers of B.C.
• Federal Consultant on
Regional Transportation
• Former Vancouver alderman.
"The Rent Review Commission report concludes correctly that
the decline in rental accommodation was not the fault of rent
The provincial government's special interest in housing, and its
priority to make low mortgage rates available is commendable. In
the most important area of shelter the Barrett government has
been more imaginative than other Canadian jurisdictions. "
-Victoria Times, Fri., Oct. 31, 1975
"In Toronto it costs $227 to insure this Volkswagen. In
Vancouver, under government insurance, it costs-only $145.
...    if premiums   were   raised  sufficiently   to   wipe   out   the
automobile deficits in B.C. and Manitoba, their premiums still
would  be  lower  than those quoted in the chart for  "private
enterprise " provinces.
The    public   schemes   have   also   removed   the   more   overt
discriminatory  aspects   of auto   insurance.   They  do  not  levy
punitive premiums simply because a beginning driver is young or
single. The approach is to let every motorist start with a clean
sheet and then pay according to his record.
The difference is that private companies do not provide a public
service at cost. They are there to make profits."
Toronto Star, Sat., May 17, 1975
"There are several reasons the whole country pays attention when
Barrett of British Columbia goes to the polls. He has been the
most dynamically innovative of any provincial government in the
In his policy commitment, political sense, grasp of contemporary
issues and high-spirited public performance, David Barrett is the
kind of provincial leader Canada needs. Let's hope British
Columbia feels it needs him too. "
—Montreal Gazette, Thursday, Nov. 6, 1975
reprinted in Vancouver Province,
Friday, Nov. 7, 1975
Meet BOB WILLIAMS, Minister of Lands and Forests with
BALLROOM at 12:30, Monday, December 1, 1975
Authorized by Vancouver-Pt. Grey NDP, 732-9514 Page 22
Fridav, November 14, 1975
Williams to
speak at UBC
Bob Williams, who is seeking
re-election in Vancouver East, is
the cabinet minister responsible
for B.C.'s natural resources and
also for the University
Endowment Lands.
Williams   will   speak   Monday     DA#cf|
noon    in    the    SUB    ballroom,
courtesy of the campus NDP.
Thomas and Setty Pendakur,
Socreds Pat McGeer and Garde
Gardom, Liberals Dick Durante
and Moyra Roberts and
Conservatives Ted Burgoyne and
Neill Brown.
And don't forget independent
Gerry Does, who is running
because he needs a job.
Want to make up your mind
who to vote for on Dec. 11 ?
After attending an
all-candidates' meeting for Point
Grey Thursday noon in the SUB
ballroom, your mind- will
probably be even more muddled.
Candidates who will exercise
their lungs include NDPers Hilda
Are Canadian university
students changing their attitudes?
If so, what to, what from and
what about?
Howard  Petch, administration
president   for   the   University  of
Victoria,    will    discuss    these'
questions in IRC 2 on Saturday at
8:15 p.m.
He will also discuss changes in
university curricula over the past
10 years.
Petch is speaking for the
Vancouver Institute.
Trident week ends today with
discussions this afternoon and a
dance tonight.
Several UBC profs will argue
on world poverty and the arms
race at noon in the SUB
And at 8 p.m. in the ballroom,
Chilliwack will make the music
for the dance that marks the end
of Trident concern week.
Tired of sexist almanacs?
If you are, the women's office
in SUB 230 is offering, for $2.95,
the 1976 edition of every
woman's almanac. This handy
item includes a calendar,
appointment book, and other
good stuff for liberated people.
'Tween classes
Bible study, noon, SUB 105B.
Rendez-vous, midi, La Malson Inter-'
nationale, salon.
Organization  for  next   term, noon,
Brock 351A.
Concert     by    Collegium    Musicum
ensemble,    noon,    music    building
recital hall; opera workshop, 8 p.m..
Old Auditorium.
General meeting, noon, SUB 224.
General meeting, noon, SUB 211.
Poli Sci prof K. J. Holsti will speak
on Canada-U.S. diplomacy, detente
and   the   Canucks,   2   p.m.,   upper
lounge, International House.
Bruce and Cathie Webster, 8 p.m.,
Lutheran Campus Centre.
The Casina of Plantus, 8 p.m., Bu.
Meet between UBC and UVic, 2
p.m., Unit 1, gym G, Thunderbird
Winter Sports Centre.
Socialist election campaign rally and
party, 8 p.m., 1208 Granville.
Opera workshop, 8 p.m.. Old Auditorium.
Dancing and music instruction for
Medieval court, 1:30 p.m. SUB 207.
Juggling, unicycle and frisbee workshop, 7 p.m., auditorium, Place
Teachings of the book of Mormon,
noon, Angus 210.
Group  meditation, noon, IRC G66.
Resources    minister    Bob   Williams
speaks, noon, SUB ballroom.
General meeting, noon, SUB 213.
Practice, 4:30 p.m., SUB ballroom.
Speaker: Eleanor Gamble, United
Church, B.C. conference president,
4:30 p.m., Lutheran Campus Centre.
Drop    in,    noon,   Women's   office,
SUB 230.
Two films on Palestine, noon, SUB
Prayer and sharing,  noon,  Lutheran
Campus Centre.
Information night, film: Last Grave
at Dimbaza, 7:30 p.m., International House.
Supper,  6:30 p.m., Lutheran Campus Centre.
Free underwater   slide show,  7:30
p.m., SUB 215.
Christmas    dance    production,    $1
admission, 8 p.m., SUB auditorium.
Introductory     lecture,    noon,     Bu.
104; 8 p.m., Bu. 100.
Christmas dance, 8 p.m., SUB auditorium.
General meeting, noon, SUB 207.
Nov. 28       CATHIE and BRUCE WEBSTER
$1.00 Cover
8:00 p.m. - 12:30 a.m.
Univ. Blvd. & Westbrook
grin bin
3209 W. Broadway
JOpp. Liquor.Storeand Super Valu)|1
Art Reproductions
Art Nouveau
Largest Selection
of Posters in B.C.
Photo Blowups
from Negs & Prints
Jokes - Gifts, etc.
Texas Instruments
slide rule calculator
Performs all basic functions plus
exponent entry. Single function key
finds powers, roots, factorials,
logarithmic, trigometric, hyperbolic
functions. With sum and store keys.
Discount Price
Texas Instruments
Suggested List $179.95
Discount Price $161.95
Also available: Litroix Statician
Performs means, standard deviations, variance, CHi square, square root,
and other features.
Suggested List $99.95 Discount Price $79.95
S.U.B. BASEMENT Phone: 228-4277
Scripts People Live by C. Steiner  $2.25
The T.M. Book   $1.95
919 Robson 684-4496       670 Seymour 685-3627
Paperbackcellar   681-8713        1050 W. Pender 688-7434
4360 W. 10th      224-7012        Arbutus Village Square   266-0525
RATES:   Campus - 3 linos, 1 day $1.00; additional lines 25c.
Commercial - 3 lines, 1 day $1.80; additional fines
40c. Additional days $1.50 & 35c.
'Classified ads are not accepted by telephone and are payable in
advance. Deadline is 11:30a.m„ the day before publication.
Publications Office, Boom 241, SMB., UBC, Van. 8, B.C.
5 — Coming Events
Valley   Productions  Is  pleased  to
in   a   theatrical  concert   of  original
music at the Queen Elizabeth  Playhouse, Thursday, Dec. 4th at 8p.m.
Tickets   are   available   at   The   Emperor  of  Wyoming,  2744   West   4th
Avenue (736-0633) and tbe Mall Book
Bazaar,   850   Granville   Street   (687-
2213), $3.50 and $4.00.
35 — Lost (Continued)
BIG RED WOOLLY Eskimo mitts, with
white fox on each. Monday on bench
outside SUB. Call 224-9193, Anne or
return   to  Fine   Arts  Library  please.
105, Nov. 26. Reward. Call 266-7764.
Buchanan Tower 412.
YOUNG   GREY   male   sheepdog/afghan
cross,   vie.   SUB.   224-1577.
being offered for $82.50 which includes all lessons, lift tickets and bus
transportation. Cost of cross country
course, $58.50. For lessons and bus
transportation. Both courses commence Jan. 10th & llth. For further
details contact C.Y.H.A., 1406 West
Broadway,  Van.,  B.C.   (Tel.  738-3128).
40 — Messages.
DUE TO THE POSTAL STRIKE applications for the Jan. 10, 1976 Dental
Aptitude Test are to be. submitted
to Room 205, Student Services by
Dec. 9, 1975. Further info, contact
Lydia   Prange   228-4957.
50 — Rentals
DEPT. OF HEALTH CARE & Epidemiology. Oxford type debate to be held
before the 4th year medical class—
"Medical Care is Hazardous to
Health," Monday, Dec. 1, 1975, 9:00-
12:30 p.m., International House, UBC.
Anyone interested may attend.
BAZAAR — Vancouver Youth Hostel,
Nov. 29th, 11 a.m.-lO p.m. Foot Discovery and N.W.  Marine Drive.
CHILLIWACK! "TRIX"! Browns! Wall-
bangers! All tonite! SUB Ballroom.
9 p.m. Tickets at AMS or at door.
11 — For Sale — Private
THREE BEDROOM Townhouse, $59,000.
Carpeted throughout, 1300 sq. ft.,
underground parking. Close to UBC.
One year old. 325-8103.
MEN'S 10-SPEED bike, Raleigh "Grand
Prix". New, with lights and generator.  $150.  224-0262.
PENTAX SPII fl.8 55mm W/angle,
Soligor f2.8 28mm Zoom Tele., Soligor f3.8 75-205mm. New. Phone 733-
9568  after 6  p.m.  weekends.
— blackboards and screens. Free use
of projectors. 228-5021.
60 — Rides
65 — Scandals
70 — Services
1»67 EPIC, 33,000 miles. Good condition, winter tires included. Phone
274-0055 after 6 p.m.
BRAND NEW TEXAS calculator SR50A
includes everything—good price. Call
Penny,  988-9407.
15 —Found
20 — Housing
LARGE FURNISHED room, Kits house.
Available Jan. 1st. Rent $115, utilities paid. 731-8606.
Single,   $95;   double,   $60.   Available
now! 2280 Wesbrook. 224-9679, Ron.
25 — Instruction
GUITAR LESSONS — Classic and folk
finger picking. Good rates. Barry,
731-8076.   Ex-UBC   music   student.
TAI CHI CHUAN instruction with emphasis on forms, breathing and practical application. Allan Cho, 874-4932.
30 — Jobs
EARN $20 for 24 hours lying in a
dark room. Come to Henry Angus
Building, Room 13 basement on
Friday, Nov.  28 at 12:30.	
35 - Lost
$200 TREMENDOUS LOSS and urgently
needed. Reward. Darrell Halverson,
224-9545. If not in, please leave message.
SR 50 CALCULATOR, last Wed. in
Chem Lab.  Reward. Bart, 224-9691.
DAYCARE SPOT on Campus available
from Dec. 15 to Jan. 23. Three to
five years old. Parent must be associated   to   UBC.   Even.   224-3874.
PERMANENT HAIR REMOVAL by electrolysis. Kree Method in my home.
Prices are reasonable. Phone 738-6960,
Joan Calvin.
Xmas portraits done in your home.
Call Kinzer Photo, 873-5959 aft. 5
bands and jewellery? Have Jan create
your own design. 926-9015.
80 — Tutoring
coach 1st year. Calculus, etc. Evenings. Individual instruction on a
one-to-one basic. Phone: 733-3644. 10
a.m. to 3 p.m. daily.
85 — Typing
Marine Dr. 2664093.
EXPERT IBM SELECTRIC typist. Experienced thesis typing specialist in
Formula and math. Reasonable rates.
Mrs. Ellis, 321-3838.
SI  version.   Phone  Ron,  254-5641.
99 — Miscellaneous
INFORM Friday, November 28,  1975
Page 23
Volleyball 'Birds in first tourney
The First Annual UBC Invitational Volleyball Tournament
will be held Saturday starting at 9
a.m. at the War Memorial Gym.
A total of 16 teams, 10 men's and
six women's, will be featured at the
One of the features oLthe tournament will be the four American
teams from Washington and
Oregon. Multnomah, the men's
team from Portland, Oregon will
provide the toughest opposition to
the 'Birds. They were seventh at
the U.S. Nationals last year.
They've lost two of their stars this
year, but definitely will not be
walkovers for the 'Birds.
The rest of the American
challenge will be coming from
either the Seattle YMCA team, the
Greenleroy team from Seattle, and
the Sin City Spoilers from
Locally, the 'Birds will see opposition from Vancouver
Volleyball Club, Richmond, and
the B.C. Olympics.
WC are the only team to have
beaten the 'Birds this season. The
UBC team managed to avenge the
loss by beating VVC in their second
encounter. The teams were less
than impressive in that particular
match and definitely have to play
better to be a force in the tournament.
Being the first tournament for
the 'Birds this season, their conditioning will be a definite factor.
If the 'Birds make it to the finals,
they will have to play five games.
Without adequate conditioning
they will not last the way.
The 'Birds will gear up for the
tournament with a Canada West
match against the University of
Victoria   Vikings   tonight.   They
have demolished the UVic team
twice already this season and are
looking for their third in a row
against the Vikings.
Over in the women's camp, they
too are preparing for the tournament. Six teams are in their
section of the contest and will
feature such teams as the Chimos
and the UVic women.
The powerhouse of the tournament will be the defending
Canadian Senior Women champions, Chimos. They have lost two
of their players to the national
team and two to the Thunderettes.
Hockey 'Birds in tough series
The hockey 'Birds are in for a
big weekend, with three Canada
West games in a three-day period.
It will be a tough series for the
'Birds, who are in Saskatchewan
Friday and Saturday and in
Calgary on Sunday. Looking at the
league standings one would think
the 'Birds would have no trouble in
the first two games.
The Huskies are in last place and
have not won any games. However
no one has played them in
Saskatoon yet. Last year the 'Birds
made the same trip at the end of
November. The Huskies were in
last place then also, but the 'Birds
lost both games.
Rutherford rink in Saskatoon is
known as the deep freezer, and for
a good reason. It is a very old
arena, and has no insulation, except of course the ice that builds up
on the walls.
On top of that the lighting is less
than ideal. "To get'an idea of what
the lighting is like turn out the
lights in your room and light a
couple of candles. That's what its
like in Saskatoon," UBC coach
Bob Hindmarch said.
Another factor in Saskatchewan's favor is the ice and
screens. The ice is very fast, and is
generally acclaimed to be the best
in the league. But the 'Birds are
used to the slower ice in the Winter
Sports complex and the faster ice
will throw their timing off.
The screens in Rutherford arena
give strange rebounds and the
Huskies know every one of them.
Hindmarch said "We are looking
forward to two excellent games in
Saskatchewan. We do not expect
the Huskies to be a pushover. In
their home rink they are a hell of a
Even though they are winless the
Huskies have put up some good
battles recently. Last weekend
they were in Edmonton for two
games with the first placed Golden
Bears but were beaten 5-4 and 4-3.
In short, the 'Birds are in for two
very tough games, and will be
pleased with a split.
The final game of the trip will be
a difficult match against the
Dinosaurs in Calgary. The 'Birds
will be very tired after playing two
games in a row as well as having to
travel a long way.
Fortunately for the 'Birds the
schedule has been changed from
last season. Last year the Calgary
team had no other games during
the same weekend. The 'Birds
went into the Stampede city
knowing that the Dinosaurs were
fresh, and they got dumped.
This year the schedule has been
changed to allow for this. The
Calgary team also has three games
over the weekend and will also be
tired.   Their   other   games   are
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against Alberta and will be equally
as tough as the 'Birds games with
Right now the Dinos are in
second place, two points ahead of
the 'Birds, but the 'Birds have a
game in hand. Last week they split
with Calgary. Both games were
close, and it looks like they will be
evenly matched this year. On
Sunday the Dinos' one advantage is
that all their games are at home.
The 'Birds will be missing Bob
Sperling on the forward line. Due
to exams he will not make the trip.
Bob has been playing very well this
year and his absence will be
noticed. However Brian Penrose
will be back in the line-up.
Penrose has been out since the
beginning of the year due to a knee
operation. Last year he played
defence and forward and was one
of the 'Birds leading scorers.
Derek Williams will be taking
Sperling's position on the frward
Also back in the line-up is Ian
Wilkie. Wilkie missed the games
last week due to a death in the
family. He played goal for the Los
Angeles Sharks of the WHA two
seasons ago and his experience is a
big asset for the 'Birds;.
If the 'Birds could pull off three
wins this weekend it would
enhance their chances greatly. It
would give them 12 points going
into the Christmas break.
If the Dinosaurs managed a split
with the Bears they would be tied
with UBC, and both would be only
four points behind Alberta. Even
though the 'Birds are on the road
UBC students can hear the games
on CITR. The games will be
broadcast live. Game times are 6
p.m. Friday, 12 noon Saturday, and
lp.m. Sunday.
The UBC gymnastics team will
see action tomorrow against the
University  of  Victoria   team   at
Gym "G" starting at 2 p.m.
* * *
The women field hockey team
will play the Mohawks tomorrow at
Trafalgar 1 at 1 p.m.
The Thunderettes, the Canadian
Intercollegiate champions for two
of the past three years will provide
the Chimos with their biggest
The Thunderettes will launch a
two-prong assault on the title.
Coach Helen Hunt has split the
team into two with six players in
each. The lack of spares should not
make too much difference as the
women will play a maximum of
five games and the opposition are
not overpowering except for the
Both UBC teams have a fair
chance of taking top honors and
play should be interesting. Games
will start at 9a.m. with the finals at
6p.m. for the women and 7 p.m. for
the men.
The       UBC Thunderbird
basketball team will go against the
so far unbeaten UVic Vikings in
Victoria today and Saturday.
The Vikings demolished the
University of Saskatchewan 68-42
and 71-54 last weekend, while the
'Birds split their series with the
University of Calgary 74-81 and 78-
The Rugby 'Birds .will host the
Georgians at the Thunderbird
Stadium Saturday at 2:30 p.m.
The 'Birds defeated the Rowing
Club 17-6 last Saturday.
The UBC cross-country teams
will be featured in the annual
Pacific Northwest Invitational
meet at UBC Saturday at noon.
Saturday, Nov. 29—8:30-12
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