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The Ubyssey Feb 14, 1975

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Array Psst thieves, $100,000 art closeted here
There's $100,000 art collection in
the SUB basement and all you need
for a private home showing is the
ability to break into a clothes
closet.
That's what Alice Rich, chairperson for the art gallery program
committee, said Thursday in
asking for an electronic burglar
alarm system to protect the
collection.
Rich, describing the vault as a
"clothes closet," said she knows at
least three ways to get in without
possessing a key.
At   least  one,   and   possibly
several, persons were able to
remove $33,000 worth of paintings
before the theft was discovered
last October.
Now Rich and Alma Mater
Society co-ordinator Ron Dumont
say they want a more adequate
alarm system to protect the
collection gathered between 1958
and 1969.
But squabbling between the SUB
management and finance committees has held up AMS council
approval of installing an alarm
system. At Wednesday's council
meeting the management committee's proposal was returned to
the committee for re-evaluation.
Dumont, a member of the
management committee, said he
would like to see an ultrasonic
network which would detect any
movement in the art gallery or
vault area. A series of lines would
reach a detection indicator in the
proctor's office.
The system would cost $600 in
installation charges and $45
monthly rental, he said.
Finance   committee   members
WE UBYSSEY
Vol. LVI, No. 51 VANCOUVER, B.C., FRIDAY, FEBRUARY 14, 1975       «®°48    228-2301
criticized the proposal in council
Wednesday, pointing out that the
telephone-type line could be easily
cut and the system rendered
inoperative.
Dumont said a bell system would
be cheaper but inadequate because
no one is in the building at times
and no one would hear it.
Meanwhile, the $100,000
collection is protected with only
$40,000 insurance.
Rich said ideally the collection
should be protected by a full-time
curator who could keep guard of
the collection.
'LG strikers
get support
—sucha singh photo
MODERN DAY VERSION of Jack and Beanstalk depicted atop Brock Hall as Alex Hallon, arts 1, climbs to
great mechano set in the sky. When he got to top, Hallon looked down and commented wrly: "It wasn't
worth the trip — it's a dead end."
By MARK BUCKSHON
About 200 Association of
University and College Employee's union members decided at
a meeting Thursday to offer moral
support to striking CKLG radio
workers.
And lawyers for the Canadian
Union of Public Employees, representing 34 disc jockeys, newsmen
and clerical employees, will
continue today in B.C. Supreme
Court to have an ex parte injunction restricting the picket line
to eight members overturned.
AUCE spokeswoman Heather
Pretty told a meeting of a special
UBC student-employee ad-hoc
committee supporting the strikers
that AUCE will help organize a
campus rally next Thursday.
In Supreme Court, Judge Harry
McKay ruled the injunction, which
he issued after a day of rowdy
picketing when the strike began
Feb. 1, was within his jurisdiction
and not the B.C. Labor Relations
Board.
The B.C. Labor Code prohibits ex
parte injunctions (ones issued to
one side of a dispute without direct
court representation from the
other) but McKay ruled the radio
station employees are under
federal labor law, which allows
them.
Hearings continue today of union
claims that the company, Moffatt
Broadcasting Ltd., did not provide
all necessary information to the
court when it first asked for the
injunction.
Union spokesman Richard
Hughes said in an interview that
union lawyers presented "four or
five long affidavits" including
statements thfat company
president Don Hamilton
threatened to bring strikebreakers
into the station and broke earlier
arbitration agreements between
union and company.
Hughes said he thinks McKay's
main concern is that if criminal
acts are taking place,  then an
ex parte injunction is warranted.
He said CUPE believes if
criminal acts occur at the picket
site, then they are the business of
the police and not an injunction-
granting Supreme Court judge.
"We argue the Supreme Court
has no jurisdiction in this
(picketing) area and if the company feels such acts are occurring
it, like anyone else, should call
policemen.
Company president Don
Hamilton said in an interview his
lawyers "intend to tear (the
union's) depositions apart shred by
shred" when they have an opportunity to answer them today.
He alleged the union claims are
"half truths and outright lies,"
without specifying the nature of the
alleged lies.
The UBC support committee
includes representatives from
AUCE, UBC's CUPE local and the
Revolutionary Marxist Group.
Striker's representative Tim
Burge asked committee members
to "lay back right now" until he
could consult with Hughes and
union president Ed Mitchell about
rally plans.
No paper
In a unanimous decision reached
Thursday, The Ubyssey staff
decided to cancel classes Monday
and Tuesday.
Since the administration went
along with the recommendation,
the decision means there will be a
very few, if any students on
campus those days.
As a result, there will be no
Ubyssey Tuesday.
Happy Valentine's Day.
Student petition started to support Kimball
Psychology students are circulating a
petition urging their department to
reconsider its recommendation that
assistant professor Meredith Kimball be
refused tenure.
Dave van Blarcom, arts 4 and Alma Mater
Society vice-president elect, said in an interview Thursday he is trying to have the
petition ready for distribution today.
The petition reads: "We, the undersigned,
believe that Dr. Meredith Kimball of the
psychology department is an important
asset to the university and urge the
department to decide positively on the
matter of her tenure."
The department's tenure and promotions
committee recommended before Christmas
Kimball not be granted tenure. Kimball is
the Faculty Association president and an
organizer and professor in the interdisciplinary women's studies course.
Another assistant psychology professor,
Dennis Foth, has also been not recommended for tenure. But van Blarcom said he
is not personally planning any action on
Foth's case.
Both cases are currently being reviewed
by the arts dean's tenure and promotions
committee within the arts faculty.
- Van Blarcom said the completed petitions
will be submitted to the psychology
department.
"I want it to be clear to the department
that the petition hasn't been solicited by
Meredith," he said. However, van Blarcom
said he wants the department to know
students want Kimball to stay at UBC and
are concerned her case has not been fully
considered.
"Basically it's my own initiative," van
Blarcom said. He added he has support of
various psychology club members.
Van Blarcom said he intended to discuss
the petition at a psych club meeting Wednesday, but the meeting did not achieve a
quorum.
"It needs to be done too quickly to wait for
the psych club," van Blarcom said.
The petitions will be posted on Buchanan
building bulletin boards and passed around
by psychology students, van Blarcom said.
He said each petition has room for 20
signatures and 100 copies of the petition are
being printed.
"But I can get more done if necessary,"
van Blarcom said. Page 2
THE      UBYSSEY
Friday, February 14, 1975
Natives refuse to leave
OTTAWA (CUP) — The Indians
who have been occupying an
abandoned carbide mill on Ottawa's Victoria Island since last
September are still there, despite
an eviction notice from the
National Capital Commission
which owns the building.
The 30 to 50 Indians told reporters the only way they would leave
the building, which they have
named the Native Peoples' Embassy, is if NCC "carries us out."
The NCC, which claims that it
suddenly needs the long abandoned
mill for renovations, has said that
it will not use force or bring
trespassing charges against the
natives.
A group spokesman said that
"things will really start to happen"
if the NCC tries to freeze out the
occupants by cuttirfg heat and
water supplies. Such a tactic is
unlikely in any case, said another
spokesman since it would mean
freezing up the pipes and
destroying the plumbing and
heating system.
The Indians first occupied the
building after the Native Peoples
Caravan demonstrated last September on Parliament Hill. One of
the major issues in the demonstration was the Indians' complaints about living conditions on
reserves.
The   group   in   the   unofficial
Dalhousie U buys
apartment blocks
HALIFAX (CUP) — As part of
an effort to cut the student housing
shortage, Dalhousie University has
begun purchasing nearby apartment blocks.
One block has been purchased
and several others, including one
owned by the real estate giant
Trizec, are under study.
The purchases are thought to
result partly from pressure from
Dalhousie students to force the
university to step up its construction and acquisition of
housing units.
The policy of buying up apartments has been criticized because
the units are not designed for
students and by buying existing
blocks the university is actually
adding to the existing Halifax
housing shortage.
At present the university owns
several houses which are being
used as residences but there is
considerable pressure from
academic departments to use the
houses as office space. Most are
also slated for demolition to make
way for new campus buildings.
embassy say that the abandoned
building is better than reserve
housing.
"We don't have to go out to the
bathroom when it's 40 below and
we have heat and hot water. It's
home now," said one spokesman.
The Indians say the upside down
Canadian flag over one entrance-
way to the building will be turned
right way up "when we are free
and live in peace."
Date set
The B.C. Labor Relations Board
has set March 24 for a hearing into
the current dispute between the
Association of University and
College Employees, local 1, and
UBC.
„ Former provincial court judge
Nancy Morrison will chair the
hearings which will decide whether
the dispute will go to arbitration
and if so, who will arbitrate.
The union claims student part-
time clerical and library workers
should be paid union wages according to the contract signed
between the university and AUCE
last October.
Harry Rankin will represent the
union.
OPPORTUNITIES FOR YOUTH
SUMMER 1975
DEADLINE FOR PROJECT APPLICATIONS
FEBRUARY 21st
A Project Officer will be on
Campus at Speakeasy, Main Floor, S.U.B.
TODAY AT 12:30
To Answer Questions About O.F.Y.
For More Information Phone 873-4734
Hewlett Packard
Calculators
Now Available
At Discount Prices
HP 35 Reg. $297   OurPrice$225
HP45 Reg. $429   OurPrice$386
HP 55 Reg. $499   Our Price $472
HP 65 Reg. $1049 Our Price $944
HP 70 Reg. $363   Our Price $326
HP80 Reg. $521   Our Price$469
Phone Rick 266-8169
or 325-4161
HP-55 ON DISPLAY NOW
in the "~"
CO-OP BOOKSTORE
S.U.B. Basement
ECKANKAR
The Path of Total Awareness
ECKANKAR is a spiritual education. It's moving in today's and
tomorrow's worlds —answering the
age-old questions . . . "What is life
all about?" "Have I lived before?"
"What is my purpose for being
here?"
Through ECKANKAR the individual learns to discover the secrets of
existence for himself. The student
who has mastered Soul Travel operates in an atmosphere of inner confidence, inner peace, serenity and
harmony with all things.
INTRODUCTORY LECTURE
12:30 Mon. Feb. 17
S.U.B. 215
K?fcy^
SCIENCE STUDENTS
All Science Students urged to attend the
General Meeting
of the
Science Undergrad Society
THURSDAY, FEB. 20th, 1975 AT 12:30
IN HEBB THEATRE
Agenda: i) Effects of possible new A.M.S. constitution next year
ii) Fee levy
iii) Upcoming elections on Feb. 25th
GRAD MEETING
Due to the decision of students' court on Feb. 12, 1975, the proceedings
of the grad class meeting on Feb. 7 were rendered null and void. This
necessitates the holding of another general meeting and we urge all students graduating in 1975 to attend. No events can be planned and no
money can be spent without the consent of the students at this meeting.
SUB BALLROOM
TUESDAY, FEBRUARY 25, 1975
Nancy Carter, Grad Class Secretary Friday, February 14, 1975
THE      UBYSSEY
Page 3
'Working class university' wanted
By MARCUS GEE
A new 3,000-student Vancouver
university has been proposed by
two UBC professors to attempt to
correct the social inequities of the
B.C. post-secondary school
system.
The university would be
established in the working class
East Hastings-North Burnaby area
and provide "work-study"
programs for both full-time
students and working people in the
community.
A lengthy brief presented to the
B.C. Universities Council Monday
by arts one chairman Fred
Stockholder proposed the
provincial government establish
the university as a satellite of
Simon Fraser University.
Stockholder and another arts one
professor, Steve Straker, are the
prime movers on an ad-hoc
committee working on details of
the proposal.
"It is a question of social justice
that it (the university) be
established," Stockholder said
Thursday. "Economic and social
barriers prevent poor and working
class people from coming to UBC
and SFU."
The brief Stockholder presented
to the Universities Council states
the "isolation and separateness" of
existing post-secondary institutions keeps the working class
population from enrolling in them.
"It should be pointed out that the
working class through their taxes
pay a large portion of the cost of
running universities while at the
same time they and their students
are but a small percentage of the
students enrolled in those institutions," the brief says.
The brief states the new
university "will be explicitly
established to serve a class of
people who have been traditionally
denied equal access to post-
secondary      educational      op
portunities — the working class
and the poor.
Students attending the new
university would split their time
between classroom study and work
in the community pertaining to
their area of study.
The brief says this would allow
students to make money and
become more experienced, mature
and concerned citizens.
The university's major
programs would concern justice
education, labor relations, community development, community
health sciences and small business
organization.
These programs would lead to
accredited undergraduate degrees
or certificates.
Some of the programs at the new
institution would cover areas
where UBC and SFU already offer
courses, Stockholder said.
This may cause opposition from
established universities, but the
new university would not compete
with the established ones for
students since it would attract a
"different kind of student," he
said.
A social planning institute would
be established to study prison
reform, pension plans, consumer
movements and medical
programs. A community learning
centre would provide orientation
courses for immigrants and
workshops in cooking, gardening,
dance and music.
Stockholder said instructors
from different areas of the community would help teach many
programs at the university to add
their practical experience to the
curriculum.
He said the justice education
program could be taught by police
and practising lawyers from the
community and union organizers
could teach the labor relations
course.
"Tenure wo;ddn't f>e granted on
the current basis of articles in
scholarly journals," he said.
"Tenure would go to qualified
community people as well as accredited people."
Courses at the university would
be held at various locations
throughout the city and places of
work such as union halls, police
stations, prisons, hospitals, parks
and housing developments. But the
main campus, whether composed
of new or existing buildings, would
be in East Hastings-North Burnaby
area.
The university would be less
expensive to establish than
existing institutions and tuition
would be about the same as other
B.C. universities, the brief says.
"This would be much cheaper
Habitat group need funds
A committee planning for third
level meetings of the United
Nations Habitat '76 conference is
being hampered by a lack of funds,
a committee spokesman said
Thursday.
Bruce Fairbairn said the committee, known as Settlement's
Forum, does not even have enough
money to print information
pamphlets for interested persons.
"What we are hoping is that the
provincial and federal governments will support us, and more so
the provincial (government) for
the involvement of citizens of
B.C.," Fairbairn said.
He cited the 1972 environmental
conference in Sweden in which the
Swedish government provided
$80,000 to the third level committee.
This happened long before the
conference, when the Swedish
government realized that a third
level meeting was inevitable and
then promoted it, he said.
Fairbairn said the third level
meetings will be a "grassroots
citizen participation thing" with
the emphasis on participants from
B.C.
The top level conference will be
official governments' representatives while the second will be accredited representatives of international non-government
organizations.
Fairbairn said that following the
Swedish government's assistance,
the Swedish third level meetings
were the most productive.
"The reasons for this was that
the. government officials were
sometimes held back because of
what they were supposed to say,"
Fairbairn said.
The Settlements Forum committee hopes to get officials from
the governmental and nongovernmental  levels as  guest
speakers   for   the   third   level
meetings, he said.
"Hopefully SF will be included
like an umbrella under the nongovernmental agencies," Fairbairn said.
He said this would help in the
cost of organization and
arrangement of buildings.
Habitat '76, originally being held
at UBC, is now split between UBC
and downtown Vancouver.
The top level meetings will be
held downtown while the second
level meetings will be held at UBC.
Fairbairn said the Settlements
Forum group is not yet sure
its conference will be held but
suggested UBC, and possibly SUB,
"would be nice."
Fairbairn's committee is made
up of about 15 volunteer architecture, planning and education
students as well as some Vancouver citizen group representatives.
It has an office in International
House.
(than existing universities) since
there would be no large science
program or big research
programs," he said. "It will
concentrate on social areas and
there will be no big machinery or
buildings."
SFU president Pauline Jewett
indicated strong support for the
proposed satellite in a letter
presented to the Universities
Council by the ad-hoc committee.
SFU will '-'accelerate community
programs in various parts of the
Vancouver area," Jewitt told the
Universities Council Monday.
"Particularly in the largely
working class area around the
university."
The SFU  board  of  governors
would be the "senior certifying
body" controlling the proposed
university according to the ad-hoc
committee brief.
Stockholder said the Universities
Council is studying the ad-hoc
committee proposal and will
discuss it at a policy meeting on
Feb. 21.
He said if the council decided to
support the new university
proposal the matter would then go
before the provincial cabinet,
probably this summer.
If the province approves the
university, Stockholder said
classes might begin a year from
this coming fall with 500 students
and possibly expand to 3,000 a year
after that.
—sucha singh photo
INTO HABIT OF STUDYING nun hits books in quiet corner of Sedgewick library Thursday as that big
menace, final exams, creeps closer. Unidentified nun seems relaxed, sitting in one of many library carrels.
Democracy or not, repression exists
By BERTON WOODWARD
The only difference between
repression in the Soviet Union and
in the West is that in Russia it is
imposed while here it is chosen,
U.S. activist Phil Berrigan said
here Thursday.
Western culture accepts a
"fidelity to the instruction of the_
state," he said. Westerners learn"
to "interiorize submission."
They don't understand coercion,
which he said is the "normal state
of affairs" in the West, because
they equate it with violence.
But "under a different form,
culture does the work of dictatorship," Berrigan said.
"It's called freedom here and
totalitarianism there, but essentially life doesn't differ," he said.
He pointed to the surveillance of
American citizens carried out by
the late FBI director J. Edgar
Hoover and former president
Richard Nixon.
"To give power to men like
Nixon and Stalin is to welcome
whips and shackles," Berrigan told
an audience of about 100 in the SUB
ballroom.
He described what he called a
"grey facelessness" that exists
among the people of the Eastern
bloc and the West alike.
"There, grey facelessness is
imposed — here it is chosen," he
said.
"That's why we must cling to
political prisoners. They remind us
that the crime of despotism is fed
from something deep inside us."
Outspoken political prisoners are
"the last rampart" before com
plete submission, he said.
Berrigan, who gained fame in
the 1960's as an anti-war Jesuit
priest, was in Vancouver as part of
a speaking tour to publicize the
plight of Soviet Ukrainian historian
Valentyn Moroz who has been
imprisoned in Russia since  1965.
Moror criticized the official
"Russification" program which
seeks to homogenize Ukrainian
culture with that of Russia.
Berrigan called Moroz "perhaps
the most important political
See page 5: PRISON rage 4
THE      UBYSSEY
Friday, February 14, 1975
SOME   PBOPLB TAKE
THIS   GAME A LITTLE
TOO  SBR\OUSLY -->
Decentralized university: a good idea
Arts one prof Fred Stockholder
has come up with an interesting idea
for a sort of decentralization of
Simon Fraser University through
construction of a campus in the east
end of Vancouver.
As a comparatively new
university, SFU can plan now to
avoid the tight university community
we have here at UBC and instead
institute a university which can
interact with the non-university
world.
We have a hard time doing that
now because of the physical isolation
of the campus combined with the
"master plan" for future
construction here.
That master plan will see more
and more construction in the central
university core.
And that of course will keep
people in this tight little community
rather than out among the people
and in the society we are all busily
studying.
Stockholder's plan will help
alleviate this. It will also help bring
that community into the university.
Only a concerted drive by the
continuing education people is
increasing enrolment at night courses
out here. And that campaign is still
mainly bringing in people from the
more affluent sections of town.
Universities like the University of
Toronto however, which is right
downtown, have a night school
enrolment twice that of the dayside
figure. And this includes people from
all socio-economic levels.
Moving   into   the   east   end   will
allow these people, who normally
don't get a university education,
easier access to the university.
It will also allow the university
students to have greater access to
and involvement with the
community.
Therefore, it's one of those areas
the new Universities Council should
fund.
It will create an exciting new
educational dimension in a city
noted mainly for its twin ebony
towers.
Editor's election
Well folks, it's that time of year again.
The current editor has up and said she's not going to
stand for another year of being constantly referred to as
'Dear Sir' and has decided to make a break for the nearest
airport and/or bar, if the men with straightjackets don't get
her first.
So that leaves the position of editor for the 1975-1976
term up for grabs.
Here be it announced that nominations for the position
of editor will be accepted until Feb. 26 in The Ubyssey
office, SUB 241K.
Anyone on campus who wants can run.
The election will be held at some fuzzy date shortly after
the 26th.
Only Ubyssey staffers can vote in the election. "Staff
members" are defined as people who have worked on the
paper for a recognizable period of time. "Recognizable
period" is defined through consensus of the people on the
paper who honestly feel, in their heart of hearts, that they
have a right to vote. If there's any question, it goes to a vote
of people whose status is beyond question.
That make any sense? If it doesn't, you're obviously not
the right person for the job of editor.
If it does, apply soonly, or turn yourself over to health
services post haste.
Valentine's  Day
We have only this to say about Valentine's day: Let's
everybody go fuck. Meaningfully.
Crooning
lions
"Arise like lions from their
slumber, In unvanquishabTe
number!" Students of UBC,  our
Letters
campus has fallen into the hands of
a few desperate tyrants, who on
Feb. 5, 1975, seized control of the
AMS. So screams Trevor Reeves in
the Feb. 5 edition of The Ubyssey.
And Trevor has excellent reason
to be indignant; with his perceptive eyes and ears, in the Pit, on
the evening of that mournful
election   day,   he   heard   some
WEU8YSSEY
FEBRUARY 13,1975
Published Tuesdays, Thursdays and Fridays throughout the
university year by the Alma Mater Society of the University of
B.C. Editorial opinions are those of the writer and not of the AMS
or the university administration. Member, Canadian University
Press. The Ubyssey publishes Page Friday, a weekly commentary
and review. The Ubyssey's editorial offices are located in room
241K of the Student Union Building.
Editorial departments, 228-2301; Sports, 228-2305; advertising,
228-3977. Editor: Lesley Krueger
Working class journalists: Lesley Krueger, Gary Coull, Mark Buckshon,
Doug Rushton, Sue Vohanka, Berton Woodward, Kini McDonald, Marcus
Gee, Reed Clarke, Sucha Singh, Rory Munro, Susan Cardinal, Chris Gainor,
Stu Lyster, Tom Barnes, Cedric Tetzel, Richard Yates, Carl Vesterback,
Nick Fairbank, Eric Berg,' Alan Doree, Jan O'Brien, Ken Dodd, Boyd
McConnell, Robert Diotte, Arthur Katona, Ralph Maurer and Woody. Can
you smell the revolution?
members of the horrid Student
Unity party singing insults to their
worthy opposition!
My friends, don't take this incident lightly. On cursory
reflection you might think these
persons were merely overjoyed
about their victory after an extremely exhausting campaign.
But think, think again! Do you
not realize what portents these
seemingly puerile songs are? An
annotated example: "We control,
we control, we CONTROL the
university." Frightening. OH GOD
how frightening! Such words could
only have been uttered by
brutalitarian maniacs.
Are we going to let them control
us? Are we going to let a few sick
persons impose their perverted,
autocratic whims on our student
body?
No, no, and once again no. We
must read and reread the words of
Trevor Reeves, who brought us the
terrifying news and presented the
crushing indictment of Student
Unity.
I feel we owe this young Paul
Revere a word of thanks. Trevor,
from the bottom of my libido —
SHOVE IT YOU LITTLE TWERP!
Haig Shekerdemian
arts 2 Friday, February 14,  1975
THE       UBYSSEY
Page 5
Speakeasy
With exams and cramming
happening, people are asking
themselves "what is this crap and
what am I doing here, anyway?"
You begin to see that you're
living in a two-dimensional world
while the real world is a combination of playing mind games
and asserting your insanity.
This is not difficult to understand
when one observes the "job" the
average graduate is being
prepared for, if it exists at all.
The university professes to be
training students in various skills
in which they will benefit society,
but it is essentially robbing them of
the very qualities that people need
ever so desperately today — the
ability to relate to other people.
Alienation is a word used by
some political people and felt by
everyone at some time or other.
There are no pat answers to the
problem of alienation since each of
us is a unique individual, but a
good beginning is to explore
yourself and your feelings. Some
useful questions to ask yourself :
How long have I felt like this?
What is causing me to feel like
this?
What have I tried so far to improve the situation?
What stands in the way of
working things out?
Have I ever felt like this before?
What did I do about it last time?
Does this happen to me often?
Is it getting better or worse?
What am I willing to try?
Who am I able to ask to help me?
Am I being honest with myself?
Exploring yourself is a start and
a step in whatever direction is
right for you.
Through this column, we at
Speakeasy try to bring to you
alternatives in dealing with your
own problems and those created by
the system.
Drop in at the Speakeasy desk on
the main floor of SUB, opposite the
information counter. Hours are:
9:30 a.m. to 9:30 p.m., Monday to
Thursday and 'til 1 a.m. Friday.
Phone numbers are: 228-4557,
business;   228-3777,   information.
Prison horrors recounted
From page 3
prisoner in the Soviet Union." He
praised Moroz as a scholar and a
man of courage in speaking out and
resisting during his imprisonment.
He said Moroz was given a brain-
damaging drug in his jail food
which led him to mount a 170-day
hunger strike last year "to avoid
destroying his own mind."
Moroz was released from prison
in 1969 for nine months, after
serving a four-year sentence in a
labor camp, but was imprisoned
again in 1970 on "bogus charges,"
Berrigan said.
Until July, 1974 he was imprisoned with criminal prisoners
who attacked and stabbed him. He
is now believed to be in hospital at
Vladimir prison, near Moscow.
Throughout his imprisonment,
Moroz' "resistance in jail has been
unrelenting," Berrigan said.
Moroz' writings represent "an
attack upon the totalitarianism of
culture and its fearsome capacity
to homogenize people through
materialism, propaganda, police
intimidation and official power
grabbing," he said.
"Once homogenized, people
become ripe for takeover by the
looters and bagmen of the Russian
oligarchy
'The cog empowers the tyrant —
the tyrant molds the cog. They are
the twin poles of barbarism —
together they can generate fantastic levels of suffering . and
destruction.
". . .However you view Moroz —
as a hero, saint or madman, or any
combination of the three — he is
not a cog," Berrigan said.
While focusing on Moroz' plight,
Berrigan also referred to political
prisoners in South Korea, South
Vietnam and the U.S. Moroz and
the others are examples of "what it
is like to be a citizen under a
superstate," he said.
"I operate under the heading
that political prisoners are our
teachers," he said. "We have a lot
of them around the globe — most of
them in the States."
Berrigan and his brother Daniel
became leading figures in the
American anti-war movement of
the 1960's. The pair were jailed
with eight others for pouring blood
over Selective Service files of
potential draftees in Baltimore.
They have since been released.
Phillip Berrigan, a Jesuit priest,
was excommunicated from the
Catholic Church following his
marriage to a former nun
Student survey on
Statistics Canada has launched a survey of 70,000 Canadian post-
secondary students to determine their needs for funds and their desires
regarding various courses of study.
Statistics Canada said in a press release that the survey follows a
similar one taken in 1968 and this time will include part-time students.
Only full-time students are currently eligible for loans under the Canada
student loan plan.
The survey is also trying to find out why students attend a particular
type of post-secondary institution and why they choose the programs they
do.
The mail-in questionnaire is being sent to a mathematically selected
group of students representing 10 per cent of the student population.
But officials of the education department in Victoria and the Statistics
Canada office in Vancouver said Thursday they had no knowledge of the
survey.
Results of the survey are scheduled for release this fall. '
B^-J^J^Jt^. *>mw "Lm- ~*^mJ*m^9m^ ~*^ ***m
1975 GRADS
Call today for an appointment
for your FREE 4x5 color portrait.
Your Official U.B.C. graduation
portrait photographers since  1969.
3343 West Broadway, Vancouver 732-7446
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THE FOLLOWING CONSTITUTIONAL AMENDMENTS
WILL BE PRESENTED AT THE GRAD CLASS
GENERAL MEETING,
TUESDAY, FEBRUARY 25, 1975.
"That a new paragraph (c) shall be added to By-Law 7 of the Constitution of the Graduating Class,
and shall read as follows:
(c) All Council members, except the President, shall each be entitled to one vote at meetings of the
Grad Class Council. The Faculty or School which the President represents shall be entitled to
another voting representative who shall be elected according to the provisions of By-Law Five.
The President shall cast the deciding vote in the case of a Council tie."
"That By-Law 10 of the Constitution of the Graduating Class shall be amended to read as follows:
At the first General Meeting of the Grad Class, the Grad Class Council shall have determined the
discretionary funds available. The following shall be discussed at the meeting:
(1) SOCIAL PROGRAMME
(a) Shall the Grad Class Council plan a social programme for the Grad Class?
(b) If yes, shall this programme be subsidized?
(c) If yes, to what extent?
(d) What events shall be so planned?
(2) COMPOSITE PHOTOGRAPHS
(a) Shall the Grad Class subsidize composite photographs?
(b) If yes, to what extent?
(3) GIFTS/PROJECTS PROGRAMME
(a) The President of the Grad Class shall then outline the procedure by which gift/project
suggestions shall be received by the Grad Class Council (pursuant to By-Law 11).
(b) The Grad Class Council shall each year strike a committee which shall prepare in advance of
the first Grad Class General Meeting, a list of proposed criteria for the inclusion of projects
on the project ballot pursuant to By-Law 11 (0- These criteria shall be presented to the
First Grad Class General Meeting and if approved by said meeting, shall be administered by
the Grad Class Council in preparation of the gifts/projects ballot. The Students' Council
reserves the right to amend said criteria."
"That paragraph (e) of By-Law 11 of the Constitution of the Graduating Class shall be amended to
read as follows:
(e) Within ten (10) days of the deadline for applications, a general meeting of the Grad Class shall
be called at which time each group which was qualified under By-Law 10.3(b), By-Law 11(b),
and By-Law 11(c) shall be allowed suitable time for presentation of its project."
Signed   NANCY CARTER
Secretary
Grad Class Page 6
THE      UBYSSEY
Friday, February 14,  1975
But only three groups want it
Grad class council has $16,000
The 1975 grad class has $16,000 to
give away and only three groups
have shown they want it.
Grad class secretary, Nancy
Carter, said Thursday that unless
people get organized now and
submit proposals before Feb. 19,
the money will all go to the existing
proposals.
Carter, arts 4, said only three
groups have submitted ideas.
These are the Demeter Village Cooperative Association, the Art
Gallery programs committee and
a group of 20 education students.
The Co-op Association has
requested a gift of $5,000 to
establish an ecological community
on its existing 160 acreas on
Galiano Island.
The independent community
would be used to provide a home
for foster children. The UBC
agriculture department and architecture school have expressed
an interest in the project.
The   art  gallery   committee
requested $10,000 to engage a full-
Ontario lawyers discriminating, chauvinist
TORONTO (CUP) — An articling law student says Ontario's
9,000-member, male-dominated
legal profession is one of the
province's most discriminating
and chauvinist groups.
Speaking at a meeting of the
Ontario branch of the Canadian
Bar Association, Barbara Bet-
cherman said women in the law
are "not treated like real people,"
and are asked personal and offensive questions when they apply
for jobs in legal firms.
Instead of being asked about job
experience, marks or ability, she
said, she was asked whether she
was a virgin, whether she intends
to get married and what type of
birth control method she uses. She
refused to say who asked her the
questions.
The anti-woman bias she said
also exists in Osgoode Law School,
where a "jock strap" attitude
prevails.
Betcherman's remarks were
made during a panel discussion
dealing with the topic woman and
the law.
Another member of the panel,
former cabinet member Judy
LaMarsh, said the law profession's
attitude toward women law
students doesn't change when they
are called to the bar but becomes
worse.
Women are not given the same
opportunities to advance and are
often     treated    as     glorified
secretaries by their male counterparts.
As for judges, she said either
"they want to pat you on the bottom or cop a feel if they can," or
they adopt a paternalistic attitude
and constantly tell women appearing before them to "speak
up."
A female lawyer is "a special
freak ... a special odd thing," in
the eyes of male lawyers she said.
time curator to administer the
affairs of the art gallery, mount
shows and perform custodial
functions with the Brock Hall
collection, valued at $100,000.
The ed students requested $5,000
to go towards their 1975 United
Kingdom practicum. The practicum will be in Leicestershire,
England, one of the major centres
of research and curriculum
development in the teaching of
elementary school children in
Britain, Canada and the U.S.
Carter said the people submitting the proposals will have a
chance to discuss them with the
grad class at a meeting to be held
later this month.
The grad class will then vote by
mail ballot on the proposals
received which comply with the
rules set down for gifts, posted
outside the grad class office, SUB
228.
Passport, Visa,
Application Photos
UBC SPECIAL $1.95
Regular $2.95
Show Your AMS Card
(Negative Free)
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Valentine couples
By
Sucha Singh
This week:
Theodore Roszak, interview
book, music reviews galore
mk%%m moviesmoviesmoviesmoviesmoviesmoviesmoviesmoviesmoviesmov
Mafia violence crystallized
By ERIC IVAN BERG
Francis Ford Coppola, with an
almost unlimited budget and
complete artistic control, has
managed to create much more
than a mere bandwagoning spinoff
of the original box office champion,
The Godfather. In Godfather II he
has intelligently extended the
original and so coldly crystallized
its violent rituals and ideals that it
becomes a metaphor for organized
Godfather II
Directed by Francis Ford Coppola
Starring Al Pacino, Robert De Niro
Lee Strasberg et al
At the Orpheum Theatre
corporate America. No matter how
expensively produced, II is still a
superior cinematic  a'chievement.
Most moviegoers would agree
that all too often sequels of any
Hollywood heavyweight picture
are usually only overwhelmingly
boring bromides, seen as a rerun of
the original. But Coppola's guiding
energy, imagination and keen
creative intelligence have crafted
a sequel that does not emerge as a
pink elephant but as a distinctively
new, more honest film.
To be sure, II has much the same     Lansky
cast as the original in older models
of their first roles (minus Brando
of course who snubbed his Oscar
and Paramount Pictures — the
hand that fed him so handsomely).
Despite Doh Vito Corleone's death
in the original, II is actually much
to do with him. For Coppola crosscuts the two stories, the first of the
Corleone's Sicilian history of blood
and black hand vendetta, and the
post-Brando history. Robert De
Niro is near chillingly perfect as
the young Godfather, an immigrant to the steamy confines of
New York's Little Italy early in the
century.
This intricately intercut tale of
the famous family head's rise from
ex-shopkeeper to street punk to the
community's criminal lord is a
passionate one which De Niro
handles well. Consecutively, the
modern story which dominates is
that of Godfather Jr., Michael
Corleone, and his powerful
criminal organization. Al Pacino,
who plays Michael's part as he did
in the original, actually dominates
II by his coldly calculated and
unquestioned role as family Don.
Set in and around Nevada in the
late 50s, the film's modern
segment follows Michael's vast
acquisitions in Las Vegas gambling interests. Michael's arch
enemy is a  fictionalized  Meyer
mastermind — Hyman Roth
(played studiously by Actor's
Method Director, 73-year-old Lee
Strasberg). Their attempts to kill
each other and take over each
other's lucrative operations form
the backbone of the plot.
Several of the large gangland
cast gave convincing performances in the three hrs. 20
minutes movie. Michael's conscience-stricken wife, Kay (played
passionately by Diane Keaton),
doesn't want herself or her
children to be targets anymore and
she tells Michael that she's leaving
him. Michael's weak elder brother
Fredo (played nervously perfect
by John Cazale) even commits the
garroting penalized crime of
betraying his brother to his archenemy in pre-revolutionary Cuba.
Old friends fall out or are machine-
gunned in their beds all around
Michael, whose eyes get duller
throughout the film until they go
dead in the end — insensitive to all
Jewish    criminal
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"Inventive and richly expressive"     Washington Post
Emotionally charged social comment by New York's
newest Black Dance Company""IMPRESSIVE"
Barnes, N.Y. Times
Saturday Feb. 15
Q.E. Theatre 8:30 p.m.
Tickets $6.50, $5.50, $4.50, $3.50
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World's Most Famous Duo!
Performs music of Bach, Telemonn etc.
THURSDAY, FEB. 20
Q.E. Theatre 8:30 p.m.
Tickets $6.00, $5.00, $4.00 $3.00
Ti r kPTQ"      Vancouver Ticket Centre 630 Hamilton St (683-3255)* all Ea-
I IU f\C IO.      ton>s S|0fes . (Charge them) and othef vrc outlets.
LWID Y H.JJUI PRESENTS     LWID Y H. LUI
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the horror that's going on around
him.
The picture, in Coppola's
creative conception of it, has many
lofty aspirations, showing corporate crime as the Corleone clan
have organized it as the cancerous
analogy of modern America.
Crooked politicians, senate investigations into crime, buggings,
betrayals and assassinations go on
unchecked through TI.
The film gets colder as it grinds
on, warmed only by the crosscut
story of the young Godfather's rise
in the "export-import" business.
The enormous undertaking of II
somehow never seems to sag under
its own weight. Coppola keeps our
interest continuously alive.
The dark moral perspectives of a
society within a society which
operates as a parasite upon the
larger one are painfully pointed out
by the co-authors of the script,
director Coppola and Mario Puzo
(who wrote the original bestseller). America as it seethes
today may well be run by just such
subversive criminal families as the
Mafia.
Nevertheless a sense of well-
being and the epic pervades the
film. People should not be encouraged to flock to it in the heady
droves that crowded into the
original simply because of the
former film's prominence. Rather,
they should be encouraged to take
in this admitted heavyweight on its
own distinctive merits. It's a fine
achievement in its own right,
technically superior in many
respects to the Brando-powered
first part. Many may resent its
bandwagon pretensions but it just
isn't such a Xerox animal. It
doesn't make you an offer you
can't refuse (especially at $3.00 a
ticket stub) but the acting alone
may be worth the price of admission.
«S%
Something to"cheers"at>ouf:
Now the glorious beer of Copenhagen is brewed right here in Canada.
It comes to you fresh from the brewery. So it tastes even better than ever.
And Carlsberg is sold at regular prices.
So let's.hear it, Carlsberg lovers. "One, two, three . . . Cheers!"
Page Friday, 2
THE      UBYSSEY
Friday, February 14, 1975 PF    INTERV/
Staffer Richard Yates traces counter-culture
consciousness from William Blake and Karl Marx
through the past decade, with popular author and
teacher Theodore Roszak, currently visiting UBC
By RICHARD YATES
Theodore Roszak is a contemporary
writer whose name is immediately
associated with the counter culture in most
people's minds because of the success of his
book, The Making of the Counter Culture. He
has written two more books and edited three
others: Where the Wasteland Ends, Pon-
tifex: A Revolutionary Entertainment for
the Mind's Eye Theatre, The Dissenting
Academy, Masculine/Feminine, and
Sources.
Pf: Do you still see the counter culture as
a lasting phenomenon?
TR: There has been a counter culture
going on in the society for quite a long time.
There has been a dissenting fringe in the
society that has been working toward what I
suppose we would nowadays call the expansion of consciousness, the cultivation of
extraordinary states of experience.
You could find expressions of this in the
Renaissance back in the 15th and 16th
century. I think the whole Romantic
movement was a counter culture. The
patron saint of this whole thing for me is
Blake, as a political radical and as a
visionary poet. A lot of these values and
perceptions which had been restricted to the
fringes of the society and treated as an
underground phenomenon for so long has
suddenly found a mass audience on the
college campuses — primarily the campuses of the western world. So in that sense
whafwe have seen happening in the last 10
or 12 years is really a subterranean cultural
movement becoming a mass social
movement.
PF: Would you still characterize the
counter culture today in the same terms that
you used in your book in 1969?
TR: Yes, in speaking of it in this more
long term sense, in this more historical
sense as I am describing it here. Its contemporary manifestations have changed
markedly just over the last 10 years. For
example, I think that drugs which were so
important to many people in the early 60s
have become much less important
nowadays as a daring gesture of dissent and
innovation. A lot of people have moved away
from that to more disciplined forms of
consciousness alteration. We've got a lot
more scientific research going on in these
scenes than we have had before. A lot of
dissent which was centred on the college
campus has moved off the campus.
The contemporary expression of counter
cultural values probably changes from year
to year, and it may have changed in the last
six months in ways that I don't know about,
but I think that it is important hr associate
what has been happening in the last decade
with something much bigger that has been
going on for several centuries.
PF: Just what reservations do you have
to the ideology of the counter culture?
TR: I don't think that this is anything
properly talked about as an ideology. An
ideology is a much more formal thing. It
usually governs a well defined political
movement. If you want to use the word
properly, I don't think that there is an
ideology to a culture.
This is the important thing, to think of this
as a cultural development to which various
kinds of political movements have been
attached. If you look at it that way it takes
on a rather different aspect. If you try to put
this whole thing in a conventional political
bag, all of this dissent, and then try to make
it look like a political movement, then you
are going to be disappointed because lots of
things are not going to be there that you
expect to be there. You are going to be
worried that you don't see well defined
groups with well defined membership that
continue on the scene for a long time. You
are going to be disturbed that you don't find
a fixed leadership. The leadership has been
a very ad hoc thing. There is no leadership
—   no   fixed   leadership   and   no   fixed
cultural development has matured beyond
the drugs very significantly. The drugs have
been left for younger and more amateurish
people to be concerned about. People who
went after the drugs as a way of transforming consciousness very often — if they
weren't destroyed by the drugs or driven
into a life of criminality by the drugs — were
trapped, in effect, by the drug culture. Many
of them matured toward other forms of
consciousness exploration which have
flowered on the scene in the last few years.
Many of these new forms look religious,
some look scientific. I have often thought
that a lot of the rock music is rather
valueless because there is a lot of money
involved in the record industry, so there is
apt to be a lot of corruption there. I have had
those kinds of reservations and I have expressed them. But how could you not have
reservations about something so big and
•complicated?
PF: How do you react to criticism such as
Scott Edwards' in his article "Reich,
Roszak, and the New Jerusalem." Here he
states that it is implicit in your viewpoint
that there is a division between a high and
low counter culture and that this split is the
same one that occurs in ordinary culture
between serious culture and mass culture.
1970 demonstrations  .. . more disciplined forms of consciousness today.
organization and so you begin thinking that
it is not really there, or that it has failed, or
that it is incompetent.
But what you have got to focus on is the
fact that political operations are like
satellites orbiting around a cultural
development. And by that I mean a change
of people's values, a change of their perceptions and a change of their awareness.
That is what I think culture is in the most
general sense of the term. Now you can't
speak of that as an ideology.
PF: But you do have reservations about
certain aspects of things happening in the
counter culture.
TR: Well if you pointed to anything that a
group of 1,000 people were doing you might
find a good many of them that you had
reservations about. Sure there are harebrained types and neurotic types and
mindless types. You can find a lot of things
to take exception to. In my book I took exception to a lot of things that were happening.
1 took exception to the overemphasis on
drugs as part of this phenomenon, and I still
think that I am right about the drugs. This
Edwards argues that the high counter
culture, which is composed of poets, gurus
and writers, is not really leading the low
counter culture.
TR: Gee, I know Scott Edwards. He is a
colleague of mine at my school. He never
showed me this article here.
Well, he is certainly right abouf the fact
that whenever anything becomes big on the
cultural scene, or for that matter on the
political scene, you right away get a spectrum phenomenon. There doesn't seem to be
any way to get around that because there is
no way to prevent people from becoming
hangers-on. The only way to keep anything
absolutely pure and elite is to keep it small.
Once it gets big you are going to be open to
vulgarization, commercialization,
misunderstanding. I would accept all that as
inherent in anything that gets big.
PF: Do you see that since the mass
culture has co-opted the counter culture that
this has in effect destroyed the promise of
the counter culture? Is it going to be able to
overcome the fact that today so many
people are only superficially accepting the
ideals of the counter culture?
TR: Well, I don't know. Nothing is
guaranteed. I can imagine the whole
development with all of its promise being
corrupted to such an extent that it might as
well vanish from the scene. My feeling is
that the values involved in this cultural
development are so necessary to people that
I can't imagine it vanishing from the scene
without leaving us in an absolutely dire state
of affairs. My interpretation is that these
counter cultural forms of dissent are the
only alternative to a kind of 1984 nightmare.
PF: How do you feel about Edwards' fear
that the great mass of people could never
live up to the ideals of the counter culture?
Edwards fears that the new society would
become perverted just to the degree that it
spreads beyond the exceptional people to the
unexceptional masses. Don't you feel that
this has happened?
TR: No I don't think it has happened. I
feel that one of the things that is happening
these days is an attempt to find ways to
introduce people to the modes of experience
that I talk about in my books in ways that
are authentic and deep. We have all kinds of
therapeutic experiments on the scene. We
have a number of new religious movements
some of which are attempting to develop
spiritual disciplines that can draw people to
them. It is not that everybody has to scale
the heights of these experiences. They
simply have to be aware of their existence
and respectful of them. And then you need a
certain number of teachers, mentors, gurus
and so on who will find ways to ritualize
people's participation in these modes of
experience.
PF: How do you see the politics of the
counter culture? Is it well defined?
TR: In some respects yes. It has taken
the form of almost universal liberation
hasn't it? What have we had over the last 10
years?
Liberation for everybody. You name a
social group, cultural group, ethnic group,
sexual minority of any description; they
want their liberation. They want to come out
in public and say that they are human
beings and that they demand their full
human rights. So the sense that human
beings, regardless of their peculiarities,
their eccentricities and personal hangups,
have to be treated as human beings has been
very well established. We've had a whole
environmental movement, which is a kind of
nature liberation if you will, for all the
plants and animals on the globe, the whales
and the birds and the beasts and so on. In
that sense it's taken on the form of liberation
See pf 4: FROM
This week: Theodore Roszak
Friday, February 14, 1975
THE       UBYSSEY
Page Friday, 3 interviewinterviewinterviewinterviewinterviewinterviewinterviewin
From counter culture to 'spirit'
From pf 3
movements of various kinds and has gone
off in many different directions. That is one
of the political aspects of it.
PF: Has it been a very effective politics
though? I don't see, for example, the
counter culture as a whole influencing the
political mainstream. At best they have
raised awareness of issues but. . . .
TR: Well maybe things are different in
Canada, but what do you make of the '72
Democratic convention the like of which I
never saw in my life. In going from the '68
convention to the '72 convention you could
not recognize these are the conventions of
the same political party. The amount of
change that was achieved by an official
major political party — the largest in the
United States — within that period of time
was really astonishing. The role women
played — and many people would say that
they played so large a role that they compromised the party to the point which
mainstream America would not accept a lot
of what it was talking about. What other
political party in history ever brought
abortion out as an issue and insisted upon
discussing it on the floor of a political
convention?
PF: But the criticism of that would be
that critics of the Democratic party have
said that the party was stolen by activists
over the short run and that it was disastrous
as far as politics goes because the polling
results showed that. . . .
TR: Right. The party was taken over by a
very active, determined, highly principled
minority within it that imposed upon it a lot
of the values of counter-cultural America.
And what you are talking about is that those
values are still not accepted by mainstream
America. In fact, the party went down in
humiliating defeat at the hands of the silent
majority. But do you blame that on the
counter culture?
The strongest points that I see to be the
counter culture's original contributions to
politics would include the following. The
personalist element that has taken the form
of a variety of liberation movements with a
strong emphasis on participation. People
who are concerned should be running their
own movements; they shouldn't be run for
them in some paternalistic way.
And then secondly, the environmental
style of politics which is really an extension
of this same idea to nature as a whole so that
all the birds and the beasts are part of your
politics too.
Finally, and I think perhaps most
significantly, the introduction of the issue of
full spiritual development — sanity as a
political question — to try to find the roots of
all forms of human destructiveness and
madness at some deeper level than they
have ever been looked for before.
PF: The criticism a lot of people have for
the emphasis that you have with
spiritualism is that they have no experience
of that at all. To them any talk of spiritual
values is empty.
TR: Well, that is true. It is very difficult
to use terms that come out of a religious
background in meaningful ways for most
people. The word 'spirit' for example has a
very long and deep tradition that goes back
to perceptions which have long since been
lost to us. But this is part of the problem that
a lot of us are talking about experiences
which we have only had in a very marginal
way.
I would emphasize the fact that what is-
really involved here is the sort of political
vision that a man like Blake had and his
politics. Blake was as good a radical as
anybody in our tradition when it came to all
students one of the best things that I've
found is to ask them to read Tolstoy's The
Death of Ivan Illich. It's a short story that
you can read at one sitting, and let it infiltrate your consciousness. It finishes with
the question that Tolstoy insisted was the
basic question not only in your personal life
but in your politics: what is there in your life
that death does not destroy?
And that is what The Death of Ivan Illich
is about as a story. Now if you can go
through that agonizing experience that Ivan
Illich  goes   through   in   the   story   sym-
1960s demonstrator ... out of causes and into spiritualism.
the issues raised in the French
revolutionary period. But he was also deeply
alienated from the radical politics by its
fanatically secular tone; because what he
recognized was that a legitimate anti-
clericalism had become a totally
illegitimate and profoundly ignorant anti-
religious attitude. Blake was as anti-clerical
as anybody else on the scene, but he was
able to avoid throwing out the baby with the
bath. He recognized that just because
priests are a bunch of scoundrels does not
mean that religion is not to be given any
decent attention. And so he created a
radicalism which was deeply invested in
visionary experience.
I think that that makes Blake a true
prophet of our times in a way in which Marx
can no longer be. I think we now see Marx
and all those ideologies of the 19th century
as part of a deeply alienated and embittered
period of our history — a period when people
were very estranged from spiritual values.
And their voices won't carry as far in the
modern world once we get through some of
these preliminary revolutionary problems. I
think we will find ourselves coming back to
Blake, and back to Lao-tsu, and a number of
others, as indeed many people are now
doing in these counter cultural fringes of the
society.
PF: What do you see as the spiritual
dimension? To a person that claims that he
has none of this feeling, religious feeling,
religious emotion, how do you communicate
with him? What are you claiming when you
are talking of religious states of mind?
TR: I don't know quite how to package
this for you in just a few minutes. I mean, it
is what I have written whole books on, to try
to arouse a critical awareness of the way in
which standard radicalism is flawed and
then to introduce some of the flavor of these
other perceptions and experiences.   With
pathetically, I think you come out the other
end of the story realizing that without a
religious dimension to your life, your life is a
kind of terror. It is wholly meaningless even
though you may fill it with lots of ethical
action, which is commendable, certainly
that is better than just sinking into despair
and decaying away.
PF: I'm   not   very   sympathetic   with
religion. I find that. . . .
cripple and distort people. I always keep in
mind that the great massacres of our history
have been done by people who have been
seized by some irrational doctrine, a very
religious kind of doctrine. You look at the
Middle Ages, to the Crusades, and people
marching off slaughtering entire villages on
the way.
TR: But I would say that these bleak
atrocities that you are talking about are a
measure of how deeply rooted in us these
religious needs are. Now my feeling is like
Whitehead's who said "Scepticism, the
tenets of rationalism, that is a beautiful kind
of carbolic acid with which to purify certain
states of mind, but people can't live by
carbolic acid alone."
Blake put it as much the same point, "If
you don't give people authentic religion they
will go for the religion of Satan." And that is
what we have seen happening in the 20th
century.
If you don't give people authentic religious
experience, they join mass movements like
Nazism or Bolshevism or something of that
sort and they go off after all kinds of strange
secular substitutes and weird worldly gods,
that they sacrifice themselves to. And that is
a deep misfortune. What it means is that an
appetite that is basic to our nature has not
been fulfilled in a wholesome way. It is like
seeing people eat dirt because there is
nothing else for them to eat. They have got
to eat. And I think That they have got to have
a religious dimension to their life. If they
don't get it in the form of a wholesome
religion, the religion of a St. Francis or a
Lao-tsuor a Blake or a Tolstoy or a Buber or
a Gandhi, if they don't get it like that in the
form of gentleness and human behavior,
they will go off after something pretty
vicious.
Christianity is a peculiar, almost freakish
religion because it is completely a head trip.
It is concerned with doctrines, dogmas, and
so on. Most religious traditions have not
been like that. And it is really a shame that
we are the heirs of this kind of an impoverished religious tradition in the western
world. And so it is not by any pure coincidence that we have become the most
sceptical and alienated culture in the history
of the world.
Look at what kind of a religious tradition
we had to work with. It was profoundly
impoverished. But other religious traditions
are not like that. They emphasize experience, self-exploration, not dogma, not
doctrine.
And you know the very values by which
you and I condemn these horrors that you
speak of, where do you think those values
In Christianity we have inherited
a freakish, impoverished religion.
This is a shame, it has helped
make us the most sceptical, alienated culture in the history of the
world.
TR: What do you know about religion?
Does religion mean Christianity to you?
PF: No. I've done a fair bit of studying.
My problem is that I simply cannot get
myself into the mode of states of mind that
people involved in religion have. What I see
though is that a whole person is one who
accepts, say, the tenets of rationalism, but
also at the same time is aware of the fact
that there are profound emotional aspects of
the person, tremendously disquieting
questions about the nature of man, fate,
destiny and death. These problems are
extremely irrational and impossible to
answer on any rational level. But I back
away from religion of any sort because
religion to me implies a gathering of
dogmas, a gathering of structures that soon
came from? They come out of a long
spiritual tradition — the prophets and the
saints and the seers who kept pleading with
the human race for gentleness, for kindness,
for self sacrifice, for love. That's where we
got those values from.
Now I think the important question to ask
is, "we learned it from them, where did they
learn it?" And if you think that that is the
product of common sense or something like
that, that is really quite wrong. It's a
product of inspiration, of visionary inspiration. And I think you should ask, where
did they get it from and try to find out very
seriously. I think that they found it in the
dimension of expedience which is authentically religious in a way in which dogma
and doctrine are not authentically religious.
Page Friday, 4
THE      UBYSSEY
Friday, February 14, 1975 booksbooksbooksbooksbooksbooksbooksbooksbooksbooksbooks
Act destroys native culture
By ROBERT DIOTTE
Chief Ken Harris, an hereditary chief of
the Gitshian Indians who bears the title
Hagbewagtu, the "first born", is a man
concerned with the fate of the cultural
heritage of his people. The author of Visitors
Who Never Left, a collection of his family
legends, Chief Harris explained in a recent
Page Friday interview: "the Indian Act has
created an entirely new society for the Indian."
Where west coast Indians were once one
people, the Indian Act has divided them into,
distinctive bands, each with their own
political infrastructure, which includes an
Visitors Who Never Left,
Translated   by   Chief   Kenneth
Harris,
UBC Press, 139 pages.
elected chief. The names the Indian Act
assigned to the bands were words the west
coast Indian used to define geographic
areas.
Besides the fragmented society of bands,
separated from each other by reservations,
each Indian also bears a number and a
rating. They are either status or non-status
Indians. "The non-status Indian," Chief
Harris pointed out, "is a living example of
the failure to integrate Indians by the Indian
Act." The reason Indians become non-status
is a technical matter, the product of paper
work which is facilitated by the distinction.
The changes in the historically evolved
political and social structures of Indian
society has resulted in the less tangible
displacement of the cultural context.
"If they were interested in preserving our
history and our culture," Chief Harris said
of the people who formulated the Indian Act,
"they would never have done this."
The children no longer know the language
of their ancestors. In fact, Chief Harris
believes he is one of the last people competent with his language, someming that is
particularly significant when we realize that
Indian culture is substantially an oral
tradition.
Visitors Who Never Left, published in
collaboration with Frances Robinson of the
Fine Arts Department at UBC, is Chief
Harris' attempt to resurrect an interest in
Indian tradition and the heritage of Indian
culture among Indians. It is a collection of
"the myths that underlie the social and
political structure of the people of
Damelahamid," a mythical, Eden-like city
from which the Gitshian people trace their
origin. These stories are parables, each
projecting a significant message for the
Gitshian people and a natural law. Chief
Harris describes them as "nice stories of
heroic deeds, in many ways uplifting."
The stories are translated from taped
renditions. Chief Harris estimated that he
lost approximately 25 per cent of the content
of the original because he was translating
not only into a foreign language but into a
foreign medium as well. The printed word is
Chief Ken Harris   ... trying to retain a unique heritage.
a  very recent  innovation  in  the  Indian
language.
In fact, Chief Harris has been criticized in
some sectors of Indian society for "selling
out", for publicizing the legends which are
traditionally "told only to the immediate
family behind closed doors." But Chief
Harris is quick to defend his decision to
translate and publish the legends in book
form. Because so few people are left who are
competent with the language, the legends
were in danger of being lost to succeeding
generations.
There is also the simple fact that the
traditional legends are no longer as widely
known as they once were. Chief Harris is
conscious of his goal "to make (Indian)
Chief Harris has
been criticized for
'selling out' — but
believes writing
down traditional
family legends will
preserve native
culture.
people see a. meaningful history and
existence" which will provide an authentic
basis for a "meaningful future." Chief
Harris understands his work as "setting
down the basics for others to reflect on in the
books." It is an attempt to "hang on to the
culture."
For the non-Indian reader, Visitors Who
Never Left represents the first time an
Indian mind has translated and published
the myths of an Indian culture. The book is
often interesting for the differences in the
stories from other versions of the myths we
have which Robinson provides for the
reader in analogs to each other.
Visitors Who Never Left is "an accurate
record of the history of one family which
represents the history of a people," Chief
Harris commented. He plans future
volumes which will contain other myths
from the Gitshian tradition.
Canadian priorities subservient to American
By ARTHUR KATONA
Last November, several months after Canada's Energy
Crisis was written energy minister Donald Macdonald announced a change in Canadian energy policy. Oil exports to
the United States would be cut by 100,000 barrels a day, down
to about half the 1972 level. He added that future exports
would be tied to the exploration and development of new oil
fields and could be entirely phased out in several years.
Canada must retain energy self-sufficiency, he said, and
Canadian needs have first priority.
The announcement was received with satisfaction by
Canadians concerned with the country's loss of sovereignty
Canada's Energy Crisis,
by James Laxer,
Toronto, James Lewis and Saifiuel, 1974,
136 pp., $3.95 [paper].
in the energy field. The Canadian government had at last
taken an independent step and was initiating measures to
ensure that Canada would preserve adequate oil and gas
supplies at low cost for domestic needs.
However, Laxer's book provides a quick cure for any
flights of optimism. His analysis of Canadian energy policies
gives a sobering picture of the country's status as an
economic satellite. The export of Canadian energy, he feels,
has been but one aspect of the United States' control over the
Canadian economy — Canadian priorities generally have
been subservient to American ones.
Continental (i.e., U.S.) energy interests, rather than
Canadian, have been the salient factors in most governmental decision-making and foreign-controlled energy and
resource corporations have been given enormous public
assistance, with questionable benefits to Canada but
lucrative returns to the corporations. A clear pattern has
been established over the past 15 years and it is hard to
believe that Ottawa could have a sudden change in policy.,
Laxer goes to considerable length to document this pattern. His study moves from ananalysis of the world oil picture, to American policies and the role of multi-national
corporations, to Canada's position as a resource supplier, to
federal-provincial squabbles over returns from exports and
to energy price increases for Canadian consumers.
He rejects the view that Canada's energy crisis has been
caused by a physical shortage of energy resources. In fact,
recent studies have shown that for domestic consumption at
1972 levels, Canada's proven reserves amount to 15 years of
oil and 25 years of natural gas; potential reserves are 120 and
350 years respectively. His basic hypothesis is that the crisis
is political and economic in nature, resulting in the first instance from the structure of Canadian-American relations, in
the second from the structure of the world oil industry and
finally from the inability of the Canadian political system to
cope with these problems and defend the "vital interests of
the Canadian people."
There are some problems with Laxer's analysis. He seems
to exaggerate the powers of one of his chief villains, the
multinationals. They do have considerable influence, and are
reaping enormous profits out of the energy crisis; but they
are not omnipotent and do not always get their way — witness the recent withdrawal of some companies from the
Alberta tar sands. And on occasion he lapses into a disturbing
brand of isolationism — equating continentalism (a bad word
in his lexicon) with Canadian-American trade in general.
But these are understandable reactions to a frustrating
objective situation. His basic argument is convincing and
sound. And his energy strategy proposals for Canada appear
reasonable. Among other things, he advocates the phasing
out of gas and oil exports to the United States, a more gradual
development of the tar sands, a moratorium on the
Mackenzie Valley pipeline (which is irrelevant to present
domestic needs), and the nationalization of foreign oil
companies.
Of course, this latter suggestion is not about to be taken up
in the near future. Canada is not Venezuela. But Canada's
governments at times seem to be groping — unconsciously or
through the force of events  — toward the partial im-
i plementation of his other proposals.
Do recent developments then give Canadian nationalists
some room for optimism? Is Canada showing sparks of independence? Perhaps. But Laxer maintains throughout his
book that major Canadian energy policies have always been
made at the behest of American interests. It is interesting to
note that Macdonald's bold announcement concerning oil
export cuts to the United States came just a week after Henry
Kissinger revealed American plans to reduce oil imports.
Cynics will be delighted to know that the dog still wags the
tail.
Friday, February 14, 1975
THE      UBYSSEY
Page Friday, 5 booksbooksbooksbooksbooksbooksbooksbooksbooksbooksbooks
Cast an ad a recognizes power as a spirit
By ROBERT DIOTTE
This is the latest of Castanada's
series of books about his encounters with Don Juan and the
knowledge he gleaned from those
meetings. The dust jacket blurb
suggests that it is also the last.
Tales of Power outlines a particular approach to reality based
on the recognition of power as a
quality of spirit. Power is defined
as an impeccability of spirit on the
personal level which is manifested
in the ability to perceive a situation
directly, without recourse to explanation or retreat. The warrior is
the man of power, capable of
receiving everything as a
challenge to his impeccability and
of sustaining his spiritual power in
the face of this challenge.
Tales of Power,
by Carlos Castanada,
Simon and Schuster, 287 pps.
The tone of the book is openly
didactic, although Castanada's
humor helps to attenuate the
nagging sense of preaching going
on. Amidst bizarre and incredible
phenomena, Castanada tries the
rational mind for its facility at
cutting up reality into the
categories of linguistic description.
However curiously, he falls into
the same linguistic trap as the one
he attacks, for ultimately the book
propounds an additional set of
categories   for   the   reader.   The
PANGO PANGO (UNS) — As the
sun sank toward the west along
with the USS Popsicle, well-known
socialte and man-about-town Alain
Dorian-Klienschmidt was seen
smooching in the bushes of his $4
million mansion on the exclusive
west side of the island republic,
with none other than the notorious
Meekie Howard.
When news of this affair leaked
out through the bad faucets of this
backward -but- industrialized
country, the widely-read and
widely-travelled used camel
salesman Kaydeed Hockey,
otherwise known as the Heartbreak Kid of Pango Pango, decided
to start his own campaign against
all forms and or hints of exposed
lips.
Hockey, or simply the Puck as
his friends call him, recruited the
services of the famous organizer of
protest marches, James Vamp.
As this roving reporter leaves
this lovely island in the South
Pacific, sounds of roaring guns
from the la test Johannes Wein flick
can still be heard'above the loud
sermon of the Most Reverend
Libby Cooper.
sSS^am
warrior, the sorcerer and his explanation, tonal and nagual, all
partake of the features of
categorization. It doesn't matter
that Castanada's character, Don
Juan, keeps insisting that these
things cannot be talked about
because he talks about them
anyway.
Yet, Castanada's explanation of
men in relation to the world around
him is of some interest. For
Castanada, reason projects a
description of the world which is, of
necessity, empirically inadequate.
Reason is merely reflecting an
outside order in the terms of its
description, an order that it does
not know. Thus, the move to
synthesize this outside order, to
understand it, is false. Reason
belongs   to   that   area   of   being
Castanada calls the "tonal" and it
serves merely as a witness to the
activities of this "tonal."
The tonal is the metaphysical
dimension of being where all
unified organization of the stuff of
the world exists. It strives for
coherency and consistency in a
world of diffusion, of flux, of
perpetually re-forming relationships and perceptions. But,
because of its nature, the tonal
cannot incorporate this world
outside it. The changing
relationships and perceptions are
always outside the grasp of the
tonal. The tonal can only defeat
itself trying to bring them into the
description of itself.
Diffusion, flux, the reformation
of relationships and perceptions
belong properly to the unspeakable
which is the "nagual," the other
dimension of being in Castanada's
book. This nagual is simply the
irrational and it does not behave
according to the tonal's description
of itself nor will it ever. It is,
however, an integral part of being
for without recognizing the nagual,
the tonal is at its own mercy. The
tonal will tyrannize being to explain the world, a manifest impossibility based on the simple fact
that the tonal cannot explain the
nagual. The tonal can only prepare
its humility of spirit to greet the
nagual whenever it is confronted
by it. And, it is in the cultivation of
this humility that impeccability
arises. The warrior is the one who
succeeds in achieving a proper
balance between the tonal and the
nagual,   one   who   projects   this
impeccability of spirit.
Man, then, is a cluster to
Castanada, a cluster of perceptions, of feelings, of descriptions, and therefore a luminous
being. This luminosity of being is
the source of his capacity to live in
harmony with the world around
him.
As I suggested, all this verbiage
may be just another way of getting
rid of the fundamental human
perplexity at being living in the
world. It's interesting reading,
more or less. But, what I find
disconcerting is the faddish,
transient quality it has. It's obviously not meant for everyone. I
mean, we can't all be luminous
beings or who would be left to
monitor and change the society for
our people?
Try Southern Com
fort and find out
who's right. But
you'll enjoy it so
much you won't
really care.
Southern Comfort. Smooth,
sweet satisfaction from the
South. Y'all love
it.
SOUTHERN COMFORT
Vancouver Museums
and Planetarium
1100 Chestnut Street
Vancouver.
IN THE LAND OF
THE WAR CANOES"
Filmed in B.C. in 1914
by EDWARD S. CURTIS
Introduced by LYNN MARANDA
Curator of Ethnology
Fri. Feb. 14 and Sat. Feb. 15
CENTENNIAL MUSEUM AUDITORIUM
8:00 p.m. Admission $1.00
FILM SHOWS NOW EVERY FRI. AND SAT.
NIGHT IN THE MUSEUM'S NEW "PANORAMA"
SERIES
For details call 736-4431
Page Friday, 6
THE      UBYSSEY
Friday, February 14, 1975 poetspoetspoetspoetspoetspoetspoetspoetspoetspoetspoetspoetspoi
Helping unlock mental chains
By ERIC IVAN BERG
Mental patients in the Vancouver area
have, in a nutshell, at last decided to
collectively demand their own "liberation."
Their daily locked-in, securely padded, and
placebo-drugged lives have long been living
nightmares that never seemed to end. They
have felt both cut and cast off by the
ignorant majority of society which is con-
tendly infected with its myths of mental
illness. To be saved from the "crazies"
families, "in the patient's best interests" of
Mental Patients Association
Publishing Project Chapbooks:
Anti-Psychiatry Bibliography
& Resource Guide [I] 1974
Madness Unmasked [2] 1974
MPA Publishing Project,
Vancouver, B.C. ,	
course, have had relatives committed and
locked away in mental hospitals against the
patient's will. "Crazies" have lost all rights
of consent to er refuse proscribed treatment.
But now thanks to the Vancouver based
Mental Patient's Association, formed in
1971, both patients and ex-patients have
learned to exercise the lobbying power of
participatory democracy. The MPA is on
record for mental patient's liberation
from the legal and medical jungle under
which their lives are now ruled. To achieve
such  the   MPA   has   its   own   Publishing
project, originally a summer OFY grant in
1974, established as their media organ.
Funds from this and various other sources
enable the group to publish their own
monthly mental patients tabloid In A Nutshell.
The publishing project has so far
published two fat chapbooks Anti-
Psychiatry Bibliography And Resource
Guide, which was compiled by Kathy Frank
and a creative writing anthology Madness
Unmasked.
The first is the fruits of the MPA Research
Section and is edited by Frank. The
Bibliography outlined a cross-reference
guide to the various anti-psychiatry
movements and their diverse literatures.
" An ti -Psychiatry itself is the avant-garde
armored battalion of a newer more
militant, practical approach to the outworn
application of traditional psychiatric
structure and school theories of contemporary mental illness. This radical
therapy or group clinical therapy has been
pioneered by some very important godfathers.
This interesting reference guide lists all of
these important turning-point texts as well
as numerous periodicals, house organs,
clinical films, relevant novels and legal
journals.
The other economy sized Project chap-
book is Madness Unmasked. This is a
fascinating compilation of creative prose
IEVERY Tl ME     YOU   THINV,
oF  THE   R£VoUmoN
[X WANT you Tq
TALK   ftho^r
WouK   frmiEft.'
and poetry written primarily by the many
ex patients who are members of the parent
Mental Patient's Association. The focal
point of its fascination is not particularly the
quality of the writing, for that varies fantastically and some of it is incredibly trite.
But it is the personal insights into the mental
patient's world of "horror in slow-motion
grey," that is so interesting. As such it attempts to render the inner experiences of
mental institution inmates.
Understanding of the patient's alienation
in the hospital, his struggles to communicate with what is deemed to be reality,
his deeply human heed to express anger,
indignation, frustration, revolution and his
final healthy awareness of him or herself
are all underlined in these writings. The
authors and editors certainly hope the
writings will help the readers to better
understand the painful "nightmare of
madness that society has inflicted upon us."
All scapegoats aside, however, this
literary crash pad for crazies and former
"crazies" is a plea for person-to-person
understanding. As Lid Strand insists in her
poem to R. D. Laing, society is their oppressor," ... the world is one orgasmic
hole/ it looks me in the eye and spits . . . !"
Other writers express their former fears of
rape, persecution, paranoia and being
intimidated throughout the chapbooks five
chapters. "I have spent a lot of life climbing
walls that weren't there" is Molly Dextall's
final and fragmented poetic realization of
her plight.
Interesting ink-line graphics by Bonnie
Beckman and Kathy Frank cartoon the
anthology with well wrought one-liners such
as "There's a hell of a lot of silly reality
scaring the shit outta me." More sombre
perhaps is the woman's cry "I'm suffering
from a severe case of never being seen or
heard" as she wraps her arms around
herself. Black asylum humor is an act of
courage in itself, the author's ability to
laugh so grimly at themselves is something
I find quite touching.
Madness Unmasked is an anthology of
shattering emotional experiences, of in-
visable afflictions and a plea for mental
patient's liberation—'the revolution— at the
same time. "Deep behind the drug-soaked
eyes. . . "lies a world of the mental patients
chanting to their Yir demon voices, voices
that only they can hear. Madness Unmasked takes as its theme that same
understanding of "liberation" that Ted
Chabasinski's militant verse implies;
"there are no more slogans to hide our
faces/ we have stopped believing in lies/ we
know who we are." Thus in these creative
urgings the non-people, "worse than second
class citizen's", speak out. For the Mental
Patients Association and their supporters
the worst agony of all is the patient's.drug-
puppet despondency of "sometimes I feel
like I don't exist."
North a 'mad bitch'
writes hinterland poet
_2>omk
By ERIC IVAN BERG
Can a poet from the hinterland whose
verse verges on the dualities of Northern
myth and rugged reality come to accept a
comfortable niche in academia as a
teacher?
Former UBC graduate student Charles
"Reel" Lillard, who gave a Canada Council-
sponsored poetry reading on campus Friday
night, is the poet in such a position. One of
the most conscientious and sincere young
poets; in Canada today, Lillard is now an
instructor in creative writing at the
University of Victoria.
The poorly-advertised reading nevertheless managed to attract about 50 people
of all ages who were interested enough to
turn out. The poet's wide-ranging poems of
the northern interior bush and
Northwest coast were .delivered in an intense, almost apologetically sombre tone. I
felt that Lillard's keening ground was
indeed that north where he has both worked
and polished is sparse verse with a very
critical eye towards the "craft" of poetry.
In a bright blue sports blazer that
somehow seemed a bit too small, the poet
recited his poetic bible of the north. Poems
of the frontier, prose poem tales of logging
camps, the packtrails and the rugged
personalities he met and shared the rangy
landscape with. All of them are the subject
matter of these poems.
He bantered a bit with his small but very
attentive audience about his own prolonged
inability to write a single "honest poem" for
a whole year. With a remarkable candor and
keen precise insight he further bemoaned
the large amounts of empty poety being
published today. The sincere poet, he
revealed, the one who is dedicated to the
careful construction of his craft and goes
through very many rewrites, revisions,
rejections, and quickly throws "what's fit
for the wastepaper basket" away.
Lillard's rough timbered theme of
"survival" is his personal perspective
("This country is a woman, a mad bitch")
and not apt to easily fall under Margret
Atwood's didactic critique of all Canadian
poetry, as, thematically, "survival".
After the well-received reading of several
of his favorites from his .previously
published books (Cultus Coolie & Drunk On
Wood) he went on to read a very long poem
which is his new chapbook Jabble.
As this B.C. coastal or pilot poetry of
Jabble was finished, Lillard finished the
reading with another coastal piece, Raven
Prayer. The audience lingered after the
applause to take their turns chatting with
the poet, who tactfully managed to put in a
free plug for his new chapbook at the same
time. For even poets as dedicated and
honest as Lillard do not live, and cannot
afford to live nowadays, on the samll bread
of poetry alone.
DEC03ATE  WITH   PRINTS
Th*
grin bin
3209 W. Broadway
738-2311
f (Opp. Liquor Store and Super Valu)]
Art Reproductions
Art IMouveau
Largest Selection
of Posters in B.C.
Photo Blowups
from IMegs& Prints
Jokes- Gifts, etc.
DECORATE WITH POSTERS
CwSO   presents
the Second in a series on
DEVELOPMENT EDUCATION
MATURING: *The simulation game "ISLAND"
plus *A film, "TANZANIA- PATH FOR A
NATION"
ALSO: A run-down on job availability
WED. FEB. 19th 7:30 p.m.
Rm. 404 INTERNATIONAL HOUSE
"EVERYONE WELCOME"
For more info:   731-0153 evenings
288-4886 mornings
kFREE DELIVERY
■        PHONE
ecm ^j^toude
Pizza In 24 Styles
I
Choice of 3 Sizes
224-1 720 Special Italian Dishes
224-6336 steaks - sea foods
4450  W.   10th   AVE.       Fully Licensed
Hours: Monday to Thursday 11 a.m. to 2 a.m.
Friday & Saturday 11 a.m. to 3 a.m. - Sunday 4 p.m. to 1 a.m.
Friday, February 14,  1975
THE      UBYSSEY
Page Friday, 7 booksbooksbooksbooksbooksbooksbooksbooksbooksbooksbooksl
Vegetable soup latest in prolific paternity
By ERIC IVAN BERG
Canadian Literature, no matter
what the death-of-presses
bemoaners groan, is still alive and
well and even being imported. At
least imported in the sense that
Robin Skelton, the author of
Timelight, is a transplanted poet.
Skelton was born in England in
1925 but via process of cross-
pollination has become both an
acclimatized and Canadianized
literary dean of letters, living since
1963 in the olde England royalty of
Victoria, B.C.
Timelight
by Robin Skelton
McClelland & Stewart Ltd.
$6.95, 118 pages, 1974
Professor Skelton directs the
new Creative Writing department
at UVic after teaching English for
more than 22 years. He is also a
founder and editor of The Malahat
Review, the life, letters and
literary quarterly organ of that
university.
Skelton the academic is
nonetheless quite an accomplished
reviewer and the well published
author of more than 27 books of
loetry as well as poetry craft
textbooks. Among his most recent
books in his prolific literary
paternity are The Hunting Dark,
1971; The Practise of Poetry, 1971;
Country Songs, 1973; and The
Poet's Calling, 1974.
Timelight is a long, intertwined,
poetic journey in serial form. It
consists of a grouping of poems
that attempts to alchemically mate
"a whole that is more than the sum
of its parts." In essence, the entire
book is a sequence of poems
clinging to the keynote in the initial
poem. Overture: "Names are the
first things we pretend." With this
thread perhaps the whole book can
be comprehended as one long
poem.
The poem segments progress in
a linear fashion of
autobiographical and
chronological insistence. Dramatic
monologues, European travel
brochure poems, heroic myths,
bits of bestial symbolism, dreams
and fables are all incorporated into
this well crafted vegetable soup
approach to poetry.
Whether Skelton actually
believes that his readers will be
able to swallow the book as a whole
poetic experience, or be merely
able to nibble at it piecemeal is a
moot point. The main question
remaining to be digested by
students of the professor's poetry
should be whether he actually
succeeds in establishing the
"timelight" continuum he hopes
for?
We-wrought craftsmanship in
some of these polished gnostic
gems succeeds in several places
but in limited degrees. The ledger-
line limits to the poet's success are
his ability to, as he puts it," . . .
mingle memory and desire, dream
and dream, to hint a whole beyond
the vagaries of its parts," and his
reader's ability to stretch their
own imaginations on this journey
after him.
One suspects that "too much"
academic labor over polish and
syntactical balance may have
worn the power of several poems
down from their original rough out
lustre. Nevertheless, the poet ages
with his poems in a "time for
change," hunting words in his won
inventive jungle — a safari which
is made exciting by its (vegetable)
variety, its symbolism, its intricacies,  intelligence and craft.
Perhaps the professor is a bit
self-conscious of his age ("a man
turning to age turns gently") and
its past particulars as he writes
with great hindsight of his own
past. Readers will find his
foresight one of optimistic stocism
as he bears up to the brunt of
time's glare, "finding in age a new
spring of clearer water ..."
Both artist and bibliophile,
Skelton wryly admits his "thefts"
from his vast collection and
readings of such literary
luminaries as T. S. Eliot, W. B.
Yeats, Lao-tse and Pound. He even
cleverly includes himself in a fully
printed "confession" of his poetic
thefts in the last four pages of the
book. Such self-consciousness may
be necessary for creative doodling
as a poet, but the craftsman's
integrity should stand on its own.
Skelton's Timelight poems do
stand on their well-woven own and
in circular sequence to a large
degree. They are "careful poetry,"
perhaps at times too careful — at a
peak of polish. But readers and
students of verse should be wary of
the poet's own treks into interpersonal pseudonyms — a love
of the jungle mysticism of words
that can quite easily confuse
readers. Yet a true teacher,
Skelton offers an oblique but
textually apologetic preface.
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sound
PANGO PANGO (UNS) - In the
usually peaceful highland hamlet
of Nureenmi, things were
unusually crazy at 1300 hours
Monday night.
Lousy heards of ghent eaters
were reported crossing the mugast
and heading for the hills, leaving
havoc in their wake.
Leaving everything they touched
behind, the ghents were being
carried away with their perverted
acts of wishful thinking.
Authorities gave no reasons for
this act of craziness.
i
SEYMOUR ST.
OPEN THURS.& FRI. TILL 9 P.M.
Page Friday, 8
THE      UBYSSEY
Friday, February 14, 1975 musicmusicmusicmusicmusicmusicmmicmmic
M*   ^^m>    -**-.%--.   .^m^. .^iiW. *^m*».  _jh>m.  j^aaw-j^at^jal^. .^afc.   .^ii—   .^t^.   .^.^^   .^si.   ^t^Mi".^iihk_ ji>Mfc^t^tifc> ^jaaw >!{Miifcii*iAa<MiI,''j.^Mftwf^i.^a. "..j^m* <^^rj  ,^^^ aja\jt jmit^^   mm-U*i^   \_^_\yt*j_^_^<- ^jjm^km,if^,^mm,. * j^,   ^^j>* _j^+tJMatvs«BP
Coulthard's music 'refreshing'
By NICK FAIRBANK
Since 1975 is international
women's year the Vancouver
Symphony Orchestra appropriately opened their War
Memorial Gym concert last
Thursday with music by a woman.
Jean Coulthard, the instructor
emerita of the music faculty wrote
her Canada Mosaic, Suite for
Orchestra last year by commission
from the CBC. It was intended for
the Vancouver Symphony's tour of
China   but   when   the   trip   was
cancelled the orchestra kept the
work in its repertoire for its tour of
Japan.
The work, as its name implies, is
a set of pieces depicting Canadian
scenes and feelings, with folk tunes
such as A La Claire Fontaine incorporated. I always enjoy Jean
Coulthard's compositions, they
Read
about us
Feeling impassioned, inspired
and realizing the significance of
the day, we have tried to capture
the Valentine spirit with our cover,
featuring photos by Sucha Singh.
More Page Friday photo essays
are planned in the weeks ahead.
Otherwise today's feature story
is an interview with Californian
author-scholar Theodore Roszak,
by staffer Richard Yates, a
philosophy doctoral student.
Though the term is rapidly
drawing to a close (along with
many of our academic hopes), PF
has more theme issues in the
works.
Next week we will probe the
state of the Canadian publishing
industry, both from a national and
local perspective, trying to
determine the problem areas in
this troubled industry and
examining the viability of
suggested rehabilitation schemes.
And in what is becoming an annual
feature, PF will shortly feature a
creative writing issue, highlighting
works of campus student writers.
While on the topic it should be
noted that one reason PF has often
concentrated on a theme format
this year is to spark discussion and
offer some opinions and insights on
what we believe are important,
and often neglected issues. So if
you want to comment or reply to
topics covered, please feel free to
air your opinions in the paper's
letters-to-the-editor column.
So as we trundle off bleary-eyed
to make fanatical course
resurrection attempts over the
mid-term break (ho ho ho), bye-
bye for now.
leave me refreshed. Under
maestro Kazuyoshi Akiyama the
orchestra gave a good performance of this work and I felt the
usual euphoria at the end.
The major work on the program
was Chopin's Piano Concerto No. 2
in F Minor, Op. 21. Both the piano
concertos of Chopin contain excellent writing for the soloist,
requiring virtuoso technique in the
slow movements especially. The
orchestration however is generally
weak and the total effect is of a
piano solo with orchestral accompaniment and interludes,
rather than of equal partnership,
as in, for instance, a Beethoven
concerto.
Robert "Silverfingers"
Silverman, a member of the
Faculty of Music, was the soloist.
He played the first movement
excellently, but it was not until the
second that he began to convey
that something extra which makes
a performance special. By the end
I felt tha the was fully worthy of his
agnomen; he demonstrated silver
touch and untarnished technique.
Credit should go also to the orchestra which took advantage of
the  few   tuttis   but   stayed   ap
propriately  subdued  during   the
piano solos.
The concert ended with a performance of the work which shows
Edward Elgar at his best, better
even than the popular Pomp and
Circumstance Marches — the
Enigma Variations. Each
variation depicts one of the
composer's friends, including a
dog. ("Enigma" means "puzzle,"
but no one seems to know what the
puzzle is, if there is one at all.)
This composition has something
for every section and even includes
an organ in the finale. The
organist,  however,  must wait
through the first 20 minutes just to
play in the last 20 bars. It seems
odd that Elgar did not score a little
more for this instrument,
especially in the Nimrod variation
which is grand and organistic,
even if only for the sake of the
world's orchestral organists.
Naturally Akiyama led his
musicians through the piece with
flair, and I just sat back and enjoyed it.
My only disappointment was in
finding the acoustics of the gymnasium poor; however, it is the
only place on campus with room
for a large audience.
Vancouver Museums
and Planetarium
1100 Chestnut Street
Vancouver.
11
VORTEX"
HELD OVER AT
THE PLANETARIUM
Evenings Only  February 15-28
EXTRA LATE SHOWS FRI. and
SAT. at 10:30 p.m.
Admission $2.50
Don't Miss This Fantastic Experience Show from San
Francisco!
For details call 736-4431
'LAST TANGO
IN PARIS' IS A
LIGHT-HEARTED
ROMP COMPARED
TO'THE NIGHT PORTER"'
—Newsweek Magazine
THE
NIGHT
PORTER
SHOWS at 12:15,
2:35,5:00,7:30,
9:45
SUNDAY at 2:35.
5:00,7:30,9:45
DR. BUNDOLO
/*T23S8^^
Warning — Occasional
suggestive scenes
of perverted sex
R. McDonald
B.C. Director
Odeon
881   GRANVILLE
682-7468
"THE TEXAS CHAWSAW
An extremely lllflAIAIIP" I
gruesome
disgusting
picture .. . .—...-   *.Kft  i.ak    **• enAHviLii
McDonald fP^VU^ffc ' '     ««5-5434
3.C. Director 5:4°- 7:35- 9:30	
Vogue
S.U.B.
8:00 P.M. WEDNESDAY
FREE FEB. 19th
LIVE RADIO COMEDY -    ^^
„™    _, CBU 690
a CBC production v.*»w w#w
»♦»
Robert .Jeremiah
1 Redford Johnson*
Coronet
GENERAL
Shows at 12:15 2:05 4:00        	
e      ^       ,5Ai^7^\9^0-, m. o e„»51   GRANVILU
Sunday 2:05 4:00 5:50 7:45 9:50
685-6828
MATINEES SAT. «. SUN. 2 P.M.
EVENINGS 7:00,9:15
CHARLTON HESTON CAMBIf^^mir
EVA GARDNER —GEORGE KENNEDY      "76-2747
INGMAR BERGMAN'S
Broadcast:
Friday - 7:30 P.M. - CBC-AM 690 KC
Saturday - 11:30 A.M. - CBC-FM 105.7 MC
Scenes From A Marriage'
Dunbar
Liv Ullman
SHOWS: Mon. ■ Fri. 5 - 8
Sat. & Sun. 2-5-8
MATURE — Some sex scenes.
R. McDonald. B.C. Director
224-7252
OUN8AR .1 30th
LUIS BUNUEL'S BRILLIANT ANARCHIC NEW COMEDY
—Vincent Canby, New York Times
"THE PHANTOM OF UBERTE"
French. English sub-titles  Som^ nudj^
Shows at 7:30 - 9:30      m.Udo^I^ 1%]  .ZtZMZ
Director __
Varsitu
Friday, February 14, 1975
THE      UBYSSEY
Page Friday. 9 Page 16
THE       UBYSSEY
Friday, February 14,  1975
Hot flashes
Retardation
seminar set
The B.C. Mental Retardation
Institute is giving a seminar noon
Thursday in the Instructional Resources Centre, lecture hall 1.
Following the film, Danny and
Nicky, there will be opportunity
for discussion in small groups.
The seminar is designed for
those who are interested in
learning about mental retardation
and the need for an
interdisciplinary approach.
Nine professors from various
UBC departments such as nursing,
education, medicine and social
work will be present to show that
handling of mental retardation
involves a number of different
professions.
The film shows the
development of two retarded
children, one in an, institutional
setting and the other in a family
situation.
Westwater
The next goody in the
Westwater lecture series will be a
free lecture and discussion dealing
with the costs and strategies of
environmental preservation.
Allen Kneese, economics
professor at the University of New
Mexico, will lecture on Monday at
the Vancouver art gallery, 1145
West Georgia.
Kneese has written many
articles and books on
environmental and resource
economics. He has also served as
Tween
classes
TODAY
ALPHA-OMEGA UKRAINIAN
STUDENTS' CLUB
Important    general   meeting,   noon,
SUB 213.
SLAVONIC STUDENTS
DEPARTMENT
Aram    Ohanjanian    speaks   on   the
peoples  of Siberia,  noon,  Bu.  203.
YOUNG SOCIALISTS
Joe Kellner speaks on the threat of
escalation in Vietnam, 8 p.m., 1208
Granville.
ANARCHIST COLLECTIVE
Discussion, noon, SUB 211.
ALLIANCE FRANCAISE
General   meeting,   noon,   IH   upper
lounge.
CITR
Route 66, featuring the Beatles and
music of the '60s, all day, 650 AM.
MONDAY
CO-ED INTRAMURALS
Whatever you do   Monday nights is
cancelled.
HAMSOC
Party   and   pub   crawl,   for   details
phone or visit hamsoc at 228-2835,
Brock 358 or try 738-5598.
ECKANKAR
Introductory    lecture,    noon,   SUB
215.
TUESDAY
CHARISMATIC
CHRISTIAN FELLOWSHIP
Weekly fellowship, noon, Lutheran
campus centre conference room.
PRE-MED SOC
Lecture on cancer research, noon,
IRC 1.
WEDNESDAY
CUSO
Development education night featuring simulation game. Island, plus
film Tanzania — Path for a Nation,
7:30 p.m. IH 404.
NAMELESS
Slide show and lecture by Mark
Sheldon of United Methodist
Church on the Philippines, end of
an illusion, 7:30 p.m., SUB 115.
CHRISTIAN SCIENCE
Testimony meeting, noon, SUB
212.
ENGLISH DEPARTMENT
Canadian poet Alden Nowlan will
read his own poetry, noon, Bu. 217.
MUSIC DEPARTMENT
Wednesday noon hour concert featuring Patrick Wedd on organ, noon,
music building recital hall.
consultant to various
organizations, including the World
Health Organization, the World
Bank and the Tennessee Valley
Authority.
Lecture time is 8 p.m. Call
Westwater at 228-4956 for further
information.
Gonick talks
Cy Gonick of the University of
Manitoba will give a public lecture
on crises in capitalist economies.
The lecture will be given noon,
Friday, Feb. 28, in Buchanan 204.
Grit shit
In case you hadn't noticed, the
Liberal Party has been dominating
Canadian federal politics for most
of the past 40 years.
Haven't they been great years,
kids?
What, it makes you sick?
Well, Queen's University
political scientist Bill Irvine is
prepared to tell why no one else
has been able to get their shit
together enought «to give the
Liberals the boot.
Why the Liberal party is
dominant in Canadian politics will
be Irvine's topic noon, Wednesday
in Buchanan 204.
Donations to the fund will be
used to provide physical defense
workshops for women through
SFU's women's centre.
All donations will be
appreciated and should be sent to:
The Elsie van Haren memorial
fund; c/o Dana Janssen; SFU
women's centre; Student Society;
SFU; Burnaby 2.
Accidents
Students injured in intramural
sports or having their glasses and
contact lenses damaged can apply
for reimbursement to the Alma
Mater Society accident benefit
fund.
The fund generally pays half
the amount any repairs cost.
Applications can go through
AMS treasurer Dave Theessen's
office in the executive wing,
second floor SUB.
Fotogs
fund
Friends and associates of a
Simon Fraser University woman
who was slain in her home last
month have established a
memorial fund.
As the years pass by, so do
some of The Ubyssey's great
photographers. Which means,
come next September, the rag is
going to be without two of the
best we've had for years.
So if you like to click the old
shutter on a regular basis and are
willing to work and learn, The
Ubyssey would like to make you
one of the family.
Come in now before the end of
the year and have a look at the
dark room and we'll start to set
things up for-next year.
SUB   241K...   we're waiting.
WE'RE GIVING
AWAY MONEY!!
The graduating class is accepting proposals for this
year's university gift and projects until February 19,
1975. Any group requiring funds for a worthwhile
project or social service is welcome to apply.
ALL APPLICATIONS MUST CONTAIN:
i) The name of the group requesting funds
ii) The name of their projeet
iii) The amount sought
iv) A 100-word description of their project and
of the planned allocations of any funds granted
All applications will be given the opportunity to
speak briefly about their projects before a general
meeting of the grad class.
Acceptance of proposals is based on the outcome of a
mail ballot which is to be completed by all graduating
students.
NANCY CARTER
Grad Class Secretary
THE SPORT OF
MY MAD MOTHER
by Ann Jelicoe
Directed by Jane Heyman
FEBRUARY 26 —
MARCH 1   8:00 p.m.
Tickets: $2.50
Students: $1.75
Tickets: Room 207 — Frederic Wood Theatre
UBC DOROTHY SOMERSET STUDIO
BRITISH COLUMBIA MENTAL RETARDATION INSTITUTE
What do you know about
MENTAL RETARDATION?
Find out:
THURSDAY, FEBRUARY 20th    12:30 P.M.
Instructional Resources Centre
Lecture Hall 1
An interdisciplinary approach.
Film and discussion groups.
ALL WELCOME
WE CLASSIFIEDS
RATES:   Campus - 3 lines, 1 day $1.00; additional lines 25c.
Commercial - 3 lines, 1 day $1.80; additional lines
40c. Additional days $1.50 & 35c.
Classified ads are not accepted by telephone and are payable in
advance. Deadline is 11:30 a.m., the day before publication.
Publications Office, Room 241, S.U.8., UBC, Van. 8, B.C.
5 — Coming Events
DR.     BUNDOLO     Wednesday    Evening
Feb.   19,   8:0O  P.M.   It's  Free.
10 —For Sale — Commercial
NEW
TEXAS   INSTRUMENTS
SR-S1   —   $275.00
HEWLETT    PACKARD
HP-S5   —   $472.00
TEXAS   INSTRUMENTS
SR-16  —  $104.95
CO-OP   BOOKSTORE
S.U.B.   Basement   or   call   325-4161
C   &  C   SPORTS
ANNIVERSARY  SALE  NOW ON
20%  Off Everything
Big  Savings On  Ice   Skates.
Hockey Equipment,  Racquets.
Gym  Strip.  Etc.
Open 4 p.m.-6 p.m. Mon.-Wed.
4 p.m.-9 p.m.  Thurs.  & Fri.
9 a.m.-6 p.m.   Saturday
3616  W.  4th  Ave.
AT 4406 W. 10th VARSITY  FURNITURE
Best prices paid for furniture and all
miscellaneous items. 224-7313.
11 — For Sale — Private
SUNBEAM CORDLESS Mist Stick Curling Iron $15.00 (Regular $30.00) Used
five  times.  Phone 738-1037 eves.
15 — Found
WHITE Great Pyrenees male found Feb.
11 vicinity UBC. CaU 224-3866 or 224-
1076.
30 - Jobs
PART TIME employment offered to
imaginative physicist to research and
co-ordinate work on an Anti-Gravity
Machine. Phone 433-7415.
WOMEN from Penticton area wanted
for employment in Proposed Women's
Center of OFY Project. Phone 731-
4808.
35 — Lost
TEXAS INSTRUMENT SR11 in Hebb,
Fri., Feb. 7. Please phone 266-5928
after  1.  Reward.
40 — Messages
FOR  LINDA
If we only have  love
Then tomorrow will dawn
And the days of our years
Will rise on that morn.
40 — Messages (Continued)
LONELY Young African Gent wishes
to meet lady companion and friend
for outings. Reply to Box 40 "The
Ubyssey", Rm.  241 SUB.
WILL YOU still need me, will you still
feed   me,   when I'm  34?  Liz.
FRED, I love you Please be my Valentine. Shauna.
ALAN, I still want you, love you, need
you.  Be my Paisley  Valentine.  M.
65 — Scandals
LIVE RADIO COMEDY! Dr. Bundolo's
Pandemonium Medicine Show. This
Wednesday evening, Feb. 19, 8:00
P.M.  It's Free.
AL CAPONE WARNS Wall Street Boys.
St.   Valentine's   Day   Massacre.
70 — Services
SOUND RESEARCH — Thousands of research papers — Custom Research.
Student  Resume   Services.   1969  West
Broadway,     738-3714.     Office     Hours:
1:CC p.m.-5:C0 p.m., Mon.-Sat.
INCOME TAX PROBLEMS? Call expert.
Former tax assessor. Prompt service.
Low  rates.   Pick up. 266-4651.
AVAILABLE." One well-hung jock. Special birthday offer only. See Eldon.
Love  and  kisses  from  the girls.
85 — Typing
STUDENT DISCOUNTS on typewriter
rentals. Manual, portable, electric,
call now. Seymour Disco Rentals.
689-7237.
EXPERT CORRECTING IBM Selectric
Typist. Experienced Technical and
Thesis Typing. Reasonable Rates.
Mrs.   Ellis   321-3838.
FAST EFFICIENT TYPING (near 41st
and  Marine  Drive).   266-5053.
THESIS   TYPING.   IBM   Executive     $60
■ per   page.   Phone   736-5324 eves.
90 - Wanted
WANTED — Students interested in
earning $100.00 to $1,000 per month.
Part time. From home or residence.
Call  736-1791  between 6-8 p.m.
99 — Miscellaneous
The Whole Person Society
has primal facilities available.
NEW MEMBERS WELCOME
Call Lenny at 876-7342 1-riday, February 14,  1975
THE      UBYSSEY
Page 17
Confinement 'inhuman'
as prisoners' rights lost
OTTAWA (CUP) — Hell is 23-1/2
hours a day in a prison hole.
This is the summation of Inger
Hanse, the federal prisoners'
ombudsperson, who described
solitary confinement as something
that can be cruel and inhuman
treatment.
"Imagine a cement garage," she
said in her report released
recently. "Divide it in half by a
wall which contains a solid, noisy
metal door. A naked light bulb
hangs from the ceiling and along
one wall is a platform the size of a
single bed. There is a.toilet bowl in
a corner. ...
"Three meals a day are provided
on paper plates; the utensils are
plastic. The meals have been
sitting on the plate for between 15
minutes and half an hour before
they are brought in.
"In most cases the person spends
23-1/2 hours per day in this room.
Exercise for the other half hour
usually means walking outside,
alone, generally in a small enclosure."
She presented the testimony of
prisoners A, B and C who told of the
whole day, from waking up around
6a.m. untilsupper about 3:30 p.m.,
the lights out at 11 p.m.
Some excerpts:
"Having  been  down  here  ap-
UBC community
backs hunger talks
The Bread for the World conference starts Wednesday at UBC
amid what a conference organizer
calls a "positive response" from
the UBC community to conference
activities.
Conference organizer George
Hermanson said many faculty
members contacted by student
organizers have agreed to discuss
topics related to the world food
crisis inside classes.
The food conference was
organized to raise the consciousness of students and faculty
to the growing problems of poverty
and widespread hunger and to
explore their root causes, Hermanson said.
"We're trying to help identify the
political and economic reasons for
hunger."
Conference activities commence
noon Wednesday, with a panel
discussion on the role of higher
education in helping the community to respond to world hunger,
with education dean John Andrews
and agriculture dean Michael
Shaw in SUB 207-209.
Two seminars will be held later
the same day at 8 p.m. Harold
Bronson, University of Saskatchewan political science and
economics professor will speak in
SUB 117 on the paradox of world
hunger and its cause: scarcity or
malnutrition.
In SUB 119, Selkirk College
principal Bruce Fraser will discuss
ecology and world hunger.
Bronson will also speak at noon
Thursday in the SUB auditorium
on the paradox of abundance and
scarcity.
Sponsorship forms are available
in Speakeasy, and in the Lutheran
campus centre for those who wish
to participate in the Feb. 21 to Feb.
23 fast.
Hermanson said the fast is being
held to explore how compatible our
$ $ $ $ $
NEW YORK (ZNS/CUP) — The
Village Voice reports that Joel
Gray recently gave a command
performance at the White House.
For his finale, Gray did the song,
"Money, Money, Money" from
Cabaret, finishing the number by
showering the audience with phony
banknotes.
The white tie audience, however,
reportedly didn't know the notes
were fake and began clawing over
each other to get at the green.
The leader of the pack, the Voice
says, was Treasury Secretary
William Simon who grabbed at the
bills with both hands, explaining
that, "we need as much of these as
we can get."
lifestyle is with that of the world
community.
The speakers and seminars will
explore the wider issues of how
knowledge from university
research is put to use and • how
useful it is to solving the problems
of poverty and hunger, he said.
"We're looking for ways of doing
things with what we have."
Hermanson added that the
conference is planned to examine
the real issues behind the food
crisis and to arrive at a greater
awareness at UBC of the problems
of underdeveloped countries.
proximately three months, I have
yet to have my first hot meal.
"It's chilly so I pace in the cell to
keep warm. . . . My mail was held
up for a lengthy period of time
unjustly, my visitors were
harassed and delayed for hours at
a time for no apparent reason
except to discourage visitation.
There is no system for alarm, or
illness or fire. . . .
"There is nothing to do these
long hours but pace the cell or lie
on our bunk. After a prolonged
period of lack of exercise, poor
hygiene facilities and light, one is
inclined to-become very tense or
succumb to a state of melancholy.
"The only variations in routine
consist of a shower period on
Wednesday and a half hour difference in breakfast on weekends.
I cannot express too strongly the
deplorable conditions which exist
here."
A prisoner in dissociation must
contribute to the Inmate Welfare
Fund although he is forbidden to
take part in any of the fund's activities.
"He is taken off all physical
fitness and recreational programs;
no running, weightlifting, badminton, hockey, soccer or.
broomball.
"No more chess, checkers, or
cards. There is virtually no
reading.
"In other words, not content with
forcing people to live in an environment that is already
dehumanizing, a total void is
created around the inmate in
dissociation in order trie better to
destroy him ..."
WRITING IMPROVEMENT COURSE ADDED
In response to demand, the U.B.C. Centre for
Continuing Education is adding another class
section to its writing improvement program.
The class will be held in Buchanan 3228 Thursdays
from 7:00 to 1:00 p.m. beginning February 20, 1975.
•The student registration fee is $35.00, and enrolment
will be limited.
For further information, please call Education Extention,
Centre for Continuing Education
University of British Columbia.
Telephone: 228-2181, local 220.
GRADUATE STUDENT
ASSOCIATION
Call for Nominations:
PRESIDENT
2 AMS GRAD REPS
ASSEMBLY COORDINATOR
SECRETARY
I  Nominations Close at Graduate Student
Centre Office, 5 p.m. Friday 28th Feb.
Election will be held Friday, March 7.
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THE      UBYSSEY
Friday, February 14, 1975
Japanese nationals meet UBC
By CARLVESTERBACK
International hockey comes to
Vancouver Feb. 1& when the Japan
National Team pits itself against
the UBC Thunderbirds out at
Kerrisdale Arena.
The Japanese team has been
steadily improving over the last
few years. Japanese players have
attended hockey summer schools
here in Vancouver, and Canadian
coaches are working in Japan to
raise the calibre of play.
Thunderbird coach Bob Hindmarch is one hockey authority who
has nothing but praise for the
Japanese hockey program.
"I love their kind of game," he
said. "They're great skaters and
puck handlers. The best games we
played last year were against
Seibu and Konodo, two Japanese
teams."
Coach of the Japanese team is
Terry O'Malley, a member of the
'Birds twelve years ago and a longtime member of Canada's national
team.
"O'Malley could come back to
Canada right now and play for any
pro team," said Hindmarch. "He's
doing a great job for them. A lot of
talent is developing."
Some of that talent is playing
right now for UBC. Tad Fujii and
Kaz Kawamura are both products
of the UBC summer hockey school
playing for the JV Braves in the
Richmond Intermediate League.
Keiji Ohsaki has been with the
varsity team for four years.
The Japanese team contains a
former 'Bird, Yoshio Hoshino, who
played for UBC last year. Another
KEIJI OHSAKI
countrymen.
'0".   *
.. goes against       TADAMITSU FUZII  ...graduate
of UBC hockey school.
player to watch for is Herb
Wakabayashi, a native of
Chatham, Ontario and a former
Ail-American with Boston
University who has taken out
Japanese citizenship. Hindmarch
terms Wakabayashi an "unreal
skater."
According to Hindmarch, Japan,
which has played in the B pool in
international competition the last
few years, is now on the verge of
making it into the A pool.
"With the good coaching they're
getting, and the continuing
enlargement of their talent pool,
they should be competing at the top
level within 2-3 years," Hindmarch
said.
The improvement has
manifested itself with close games
so far for the Japanese to this stage
in their Canadian tour. They lost 6-
5 to the Toronto Marlboros but took
a 4-3 win from the University of
Western Ontario in the two games
played so far. They play a fast
game, and contrary to a common
belief, they are not a team of
players the size of Bobby Lalonde.
The 'Birds should have some
idea of what to expect from the
Japanese. Last year, UBC went on
an extended tour, including games
against China and Japan. Hind-
march's charges took every game
except one, a 4-3 loss to the Seibu
Company team.
"It was one of the most exciting
games we played," said Hindmarch. "Both teams concentrated
on skating, passing, and shooting.
It was a real crowd-pleaser."
Twelve members of the Seibu
team are included on the Japanese
National  squad.   Hindmarch   ex
pects another close game Tuesday
night.
The 'Birds are currently second
in the Canada West University
League and are ranked ninth in the
country. Chances are the UBC
team would be ranked even higher
if it had not suffered from injuries
earlier in the season. Injuries were
part of the reason for the 'Birds'
modest 11-10-1 record to date. But
Hindmarch has all of his players
healthy again, so the 'Birds should
be able to put together a strong
effort.
Given the fleetness of the
Japanese, the UBC defence is
going to be under a lot of pressure.
Goalies Vic Lemire and Dave
Andrews will be expecting a lot of
support from their defensive corps
to keep the Japanese forwards off-
balance and to clear rebounds
away from in front of the net. The
'Bird forwards are also going to
have to do more back checking
than they're used to if the defence
is to do its job.
UBC has been playing in front of
large crowds throughout the
season. Since this is a special interest game, it has been moved to
the larger Kerrisdale Arena, which
can seat 3,000 people, from the
smaller Winter Sports  Stadium.
Tickets to the game will be
available at the Athletics Office in
War Memorial Gym and at all
Vancouver Ticket Centre outlets.
Prices are $1.50 for students and
$3.00 for people. Game time is 8
p.m.
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Brewed righthere in B.C. Friday, February 14, 1975
THE      UBYSSEY
Page  19
Hockey Thunderbirds must win
Bob Hindmarch's hockey
Thunderbirds are off to Calgary
today to play what amounts to the
whole season tonight and Saturday.
The 'Birds have to win at least
one of the games in order to make
the playoffs. UBC is currently in
second place with 23 points, with
the University of Calgary
Dinosaurs only two points behind.
One of those teams is going to
meet the University of Alberta
Golden Bears next week in Edmonton for a best of three final.
Hindmarch  is  confident   it  is
going to be the 'Birds who will be in
Edmonton.
"This is the most mature team I
have had here in the past eight or
ten years," said Hindmarch. "We
got off to a slow start, the injuries
we had really took their toll. But
now we are playing great hockey,
we've got tremendous balance, and
we're skating well. I think we're
the team to beat."
The balance Hindmarch speak of
is evident in the scoring statistics
released by the Canada West
league Monday. All nine of the
'Birds forwards are in the top third
of the league's scorers.
Defensively, Hindmarch can
look to the vast improvement of
Rod Hare and Arnie Peterson to
discover why his defensive corps is
the steadiest in the league.
Hindmarch admits that his
toughest decision this year has
been to decide which goaltender,
Vic Lemire or Dave Andrews, to
play. He has been alternating them
and both have responded with big
games.
Looking to Calgary, Hindmarch
sees Bob Galloway as the biggest
obstacle. He rates Galloway as the
toughest goalie in the league,
although the 'Birds did get four
goals on him in the opening ten
minutes of a game the last time the
Dinos were in town. Galloway took
an early shower that night but
rebounded to play a superb game
the next.
The Dino also boast a couple of
very good forwards, lead by Rick
Hindmarch. The Dinos Hindmarch
is a fine skater with a great shot.
His hustling tough overall play will
probably earn him a place on the
Canada West all-star team this
year.
Defensively the Dinos are weak;
chippy, but immobile.
The home factor is a great
equalizer   in   the   Canada   West
conference, so the 'Birds are not
going to have an easy time of it.
Last season they entered the last
weekend of hockey action needing
only a win to cinch a playoff spot,
as this year. But they could not
pickup a win then, and Hindmarch
hopes history doesn't repeat itself.
If the 'Birds get by Calgary and
take the Bears in the playoffs then
all further playoff action, right up
to the national championships, will
be at UBC. Hindmarch thinks his
team will give a lot of people a
tough time in post season play and
expects UBC students will be able
to see the 'Birds play a lot of
hockey yet.
JOHN BILLINGSLEY is the victim of a throttling tackle at the hands of a Trogan opponent in rugby action
last December. 'Birds haven't seen much action since then but are off in defence of their Pacific Northwest
title this weekend.
Rugby 'Birds hit Oregon traii
By TOM BARNES
The Thunderbird rugby team,
having already taken the Canada
West title this season, leaves today
in search of another championship.
On Saturday the 'Birds are set to
meet the Oregon State University
Beavers in Corvalis to open the
Pacific Northwest Intercollegiate
Rubgy Football League schedule.
Next Monday they will move
down to Eugene to play the
University of Oregon Ducks.
Other teams in the league are the
University of Victoria Vikings, the
University of Washington Huskies,
and Western Washington State
College.
UBC took the league championship last year with a perfect 5-0
record.
This year 'Bird coach Donn
Spence figures he has one of the
best balanced teams he ever has
had and figures the 'Birds to win it
all again.
Paul Watson, the 'Birds number
eight man, says the football
background of the American
players makes it rough to play
against them.
"They are tough to defend
against sometimes because they
are prone to do unconventional
things," said Watson. "In rugby
there are set ways of coming put of
your own end and set ways of
defending them, just like in hockey
or basketball, so when the other
team does something completely
out of the ordinary it is hard to
adjust to. We are really going to
have to be on our toes."
While the American teams
usually have a fairly big scrum
they don't use them the same way.
Canadians do. It is unusual for the
Americans to use their forwards to
carry the ball the way the
Canadians do. UBC's big Ro
Hindson will probably give them a
lesson or two in that regard.
Watson said the U.S. teams
usually come out smoking in the
opening half but tire in the latter
part of the game. This is because
they play a less structured game
than the Canadian schools and
consequently have to run more.
Preston Wiley, the 'Birds
diminutive scrum half, felt the key
to a UBC win is to keep the ball on
the short side of the field. "We are
going to have possession of the ball
most of the game because the
Americans are not that proficient
at winning the ball in the loose
rucks."
Last year the 'Birds opened their
season with a 53-0 win over the
same Oregon State Beavers.
In wrestling the Thunderbirds
are going in to their last dual meet
of the year. They are expecting to
run their season record up to 10-5
with a win over Puget Sound
University.
Next weekend they will take part
in the Canada West championships, a tournament. which
they won last year. George Richey,
the   Canadian,    Canadian    in
tercollegiate, and Canada West
wrestling champion, and Canada
West 190 pound judo champion,
expects UBC to take this years title
by more than the single point they
took it by last season.
The 'Birds will be without 118
pounder John Davison this
weekend as he is in Lethbridge
competing in the Canada Winter
games.
Meddling bugs J.J.
By CEDRIC TETZEL
"There is too much politics in soccer," said UBC soccer coach Joe
Johnson.
Johnson, who has spent a large portion of his life playing soccer, including a seven-year stint with the Glasgow Rangers, said the national
team coach should have the courage to select what he thinks is the best
team in the country and forget about provincial politics.
He said there is always "someone who wants to direct traffic" in the
soccer scene, but the coach should have total autonomy when it comes to
matters concerning the team.
Johnson feels that it is the coach who really knows the team and it is he
who should run the team.
He said a coach must be able to communicate with his players. "He
must be a part of the team."
Since the beginning of the season Johnson has been calling his players
up to his office after every game to talk about their individual problems.
As a result, talented, but raw players like Terry Thompson, Claudio
Morrelli and John Nelson has improved tremendously throughout the
season.
In Johnson's mind the best player in the world now is the captain of the
West German national team Franz Beckenbauer. What makes
Beckenbauer so special is his ability to be both offensively and defensively-minded.
This is something the UBC coach always keeps on telling his players: a
good soccer player must take part both in the offense and the defense.
This would mean that the 'Birds will have to be fitter than their opponents. However, Johnson does not think his biggest task is to keep the
team fit. The players, according to Johnson should know enough to keep
themselves fit.
The UBC coach says his main task is.to keep his players interested in
the game.
He demands total dedication and commitment from his players, even
though he admits sometimes the 'Birds want some form of diversion from
soccer.
Johnson said, "Kids in B.C., have too many options."
"They can switch to another game anytime," and this is where the UBC
coach comes in. He provides the 'Bird players with a bit of direction and
keeps them interested in soccer.
There are many ways of keeping this interest. Last Thursday Johnson
got the entire squad out into the snow for their training. Instead of the
expected moans and groans, the players could not be in better spirits. In
fact the only complaints came from those left out of the game. His secret
is quite simple—the 'Birds played a friendly game against the J.V. team
and the prize was one hamburger each for the winning team.
This may not sound too sophisticated, but it served its purpose. The
'Birds got the training they needed and morale was high.
Apparently the 'Birds morale may need another booster shot soon. The
latest news is that their game against the New Westminster Blues this
Saturday at the Stadium is cancelled as their games for the last eight
weeks have been.
Hoop 'Birds poised for vital plunge
The basketball 'Birds have been
forced to the shores of Dunkirk and
are in danger of being swamped in
the sea as they head into weekend
action against Calgary at home.
UBC is currently in third place,
one game behind Calgary in the
race for the final playoff spot. A
loss would pretty well wind up
UBC's playoff hopes for another
season.
If the troops are to be saved, the
'Birds are going to have to improve
considerably over their last effort
Saturday against UVic.
"We lost our poise against
Victoria," said coach Peter
Mullins. "That's what disturbed
me about that game — it hasn't
happened before."
Calgary has a strong lineup to go
against UBC. Grant Lee, a 6'3"
guard, is a deadly shot from outside, and will command special
attention from the 'Birds.
"Blake Iverson will be guarding
Lee, said Mullins.
"And Mike McKay will be the
starting centre. Calgary has two
forwards at 6'6" and 6'7", so
McKay's strength is going to come
in handly."
It remains to be seen if the "Birds
will make use of McKay inside on
offense. UBC's guards seem to
pretend not to notice McKay when
he has his hand up for a pass.
"We are going to try to get the
ball into him," said Mullins.
McKay looked good in close in
practice Thursday, hauling down
rebounds with authority and
shooting accurately on short
turnaround baseline jumpers.
The Thunderettes will be going
into the games against Calgary
without Carol Turney, the league
leader in scoring and rebounding.
"We should win two games
anyway," said coach Sue Evans.
Two jayvee players have been
brought up for the games. Doretta
Smith and Jane Broatch will be
getting a taste of the big time.
Evans has been satisfied with their
performance in practices.
Wiftout Turney's deadly outside
shot and aggressive rebounding,
Kathy Burdett will have to pick up
the scoring and forwards Nora
Ballantyne, Bose Sebellin, Tara
Smith and Louise Zerbe will have
to concentrate on picking up
rebounds.
"Two wins would just about
make our advancement to the
National Championships final,"
said Evans.
Game times are Friday and
Saturday at 6:30 p.m. at War
Memorial gym. The men's games
start at 8:30. Page 20
THE      UBYSSEY
Friday, February 14,  1975
Misuse ef genetic knowledge
augurs nightmarish future
By GAIL MITCHELL
Canadian University Press
The potential for misuse of
knowledge has always been
nightmarish. But with the recent
developments in genetics, the
threatof disaster has never been so
real.
In fact, for the first time in the
history of modern science,
research workers concerned with
molecular biology have called a
halt to their studies for fear of the
consequences.
And for the first time scientists
are questioning their common, and
generally unspoken assumption,
that the acquisition of knowledge is
always an absolute good, requiring
no justification or ethical sanction.
More than 200 eminent scientists
recently concluded an urgent
conference at Davos, Switzerland,
on the immediate dangers and
projected future benefits of genetic
engineering.
Researchers have realized that
their latest achievement —  the
mixed blessing as nuclear power.
They were not alone in their
fears. Soon after the announcement Maurice Wilkins, 1963
winner of the Nobel Prize for
medicine, warned that the isolation.
of the gene could lead to the
development of a major germ
weapon. "It is the kind of thing you
cannot trust society with," he said.
Again in 1972, Australian
microbiologist Sir MacFarlane
Burnet said he would, if he could,
stop all experimental efforts to
manipulate the genes of viruses
that inflict grave illness or death in
people. The danger, he said, was
the inadvertent creation in the
laboratory of sub-species of a
devasting virus against which
humans would have no immunological defences.
"The possibility for good in these
experiments are trivial improvements in vaccines, and not
worth the risk," Burnet said.
Despite the past warnings from
scientists in the field, it was not
"It is the kind of thing you
cannot trust society with."
cracking of genetic codes has
opened the way to the designing of
new bacteria which are potentially
more dangerous to mankind than
the atomic bomb.
In 1953 at Cambridge University,
Dr. James Watson and Dr. Francis
Crick discovered that the pattern
of life forms is determined by a
double-helical molecule of
deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA).
Genes are molecules of DNA, units
of heredity.
Since then scientists have found
ways of cutting the long molecules
into shorter pieces and recom-
bining them. These splicings are
then incorporated into bacteria to
create new microorganisms whose
potential for causing disease in
plants, animals and man is yet
unknown.
In 1969 when three biologists at
Harvard Medical School announced to the world they had
succeeded in isolating a pure gene
from a bacterium, it was not
without some misgivings. Although
they felt their discovery could be
used to cure such hereditary
diseases as hemophilia, they
warned of the dangers of government misuse of the technique.
They feared they were unleashing
on the world the same kind of
until this summer that some kind
of positive action was taken to look
seriously at the potential consequences of genetic engineering.
In July of this year, 11 American
researchers, including Watson,
declared thay were halting certain
experiments in genetic
manipulation of bacteria.
Their reason: if they do not stop
they may accidently loose upon the
world new forms of life —
semisynthetic organisms that
could cause epidemics, resist
control by antibiotics and perhaps
increase the incidence of cancer.
In a letter published in Science
magazine (the magazine of the
American Association for the
Advancement of Science) and in
Nature, the British counterpart,
they urged colleagues around the
world to stop experimentation with
bacteria whose biological
properties can not be predicted in
advance.
The group, chaired by Paul
Berg, chairman of the Stanford
University department of
biochemistry, is buying time to
consider hazards before rapidly
developing research grows too
large to be controlled.
According to Berg, he embargo
is "the first I know of in our field. It
is also the first time I know of that
anyone has had to stop and think
about an experiment in terms of its
social impact and potential
hazard."
Many are unoptimistic about the
embargo holding. One National
Institute of Health (U.S.) scientist
says: "Anyone vyho wants will go
ahead and do it."
Although, he adds, the technique
requires a moderate degree of
sophistication at the present, it will
be a "high school project in a
couple of years."
Others are uncertain whether the
ban will be observed by countries
interested in the new technique's
considerable potential in biological
warfare. For example, many
millions of dollars were invested at
the U.S. Army's biological
laboratory at Fort Detrick,
Maryland in trying to improve on
the lethality of viruses and bacteria harmful to man.
Controversy already surrounds
every proposal put forth at the
conference in Switzerland.
Scientists at UBC have gone
ahead in the application of genetics
to the management of insect pests,
offering benefits to agricultural
and public health care. Their
colleagues at Sussex University in
Britain have developed new strains
of nitrogen-producing bacteria that
could cut down the need for fertilizer.
Industry is attracted by the
prospects of new processes for the
synthetic production of drugs, such
as insulin.
Yet if some of the fast-producing
deadly organisms were to escape
from the laboratory in the course
of experiments they could produce
plagues that would make the Black
Death of medieval Europe look
trite, for there would be little hope
for control.
And dangerous materials have
been known to escape from
laboratores. Only recently,
smallpox escapted from Porton
Down, Britain's top security
laboratory concerned with microbiological research.
Although the problems are
comparable to those associated
with nuclear fallout, in that it effects everyone, John Kendrew,
deputy director of the British
medical research council's
laboratory of molecular biology,
thinks it's worse.
". . . .in my opinion our present
problem is ever more difficult. For
early nuclear research was contained within a government
military framework while gene
transfer can be done by competent
people in any lab at any place. And
for some of the work to be carried
out behind a cloak of military or
commercial secrecy would be
doubly dangerous."
Genetic research ... getting dangerous.
Scientific progress has always
been erratic. It seems it has been
impossible for us to protect ourselves from the changes. The
different developments are uncontrolled — there is no master
plan guiding the research. It is as if
science has been waging guerilla
warfare against society — small
teams of men, each working on its
own biological bomb.
Now many scientists would like
to see the establishment, through
the forth-coming world conference
on genetic engineering of an
authoritative international body to
advise specialists on aspects of
research in the field that should be
avoided.
Perhaps scientists have finally
stopped regarding their subject as
a curiosity and started treating it
as the most potent force of our
world. With some luck we may
even be better prepared for the
coming of the "biological age"
than we were for the "nuclear
age."
at
4560 W. 10th.
919 Robson St.
1050 W. Pender
670 Seymour
duthie
BOOKS
VANCOUVER
INSTITUTE
lectures
No Theatre
No Master Sadayo Kita and his
troupe present a memorable
piece of classical Japanese
theatre in a lecture
demonstration
HAGOROMO:
THE HEAVENLY MAIDEN
Saturday
Feb. 15
at 8:15 p.m.
UBC Auditorium
Admission is free.

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