UBC Publications

UBC Publications

UBC Publications

The Ubyssey Mar 30, 1979

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Final Edition, Page 2
Friday, March  30,  1979 'Editorial*
Grits indigestible
When Canadians go to the polls May 22, to elect a new parliament, they will be
voting in one of the most crucial elections in recent decades.
With the economy still on the skids and the country's political future still to be
decided by a referendum in Quebec, the future of Canada stands at a crossroads.
The re-election of the Liberal ruling party is unthinkable after the shafting
Canadians were given when wage and price controls were introduced, after an
explicit promise to fight inflation by other means during the last election.
The re-election of a man who campaigned against and destroyed the Conservative party's platform of wage controls and then promptly introduces them
would reduce the moral tone of Canadian politics to hitherto unplumbed depths.
Some remnant of trust between electors and their politicians is required for the
democratic process to work. If electors cannot depend upon politicians to implement policies they advocate during a campaign and to avoid those they criticize,
what is the point of electing a government?
Prime minister Pierre Trudeau claimed while he was at UBC a couple of weeks
ago that the situation after the election was radically different from that previous
to the vote. If such was the case, he had an obligation to return to the people in
another campaign to present his case. Anything less, when a party has campaigned so vigorously against a particular policy is morally bankrupt. The Liberals
should be defeated on this issue alone.
To avoid such a fate, the Liberals have launched a full-scale attack on the competence of Tory leader Joe Clark, admittedly an easy target.
Not only has Clark stumbled from issue to issue, making a Liberal victory eerily
possible, but he has adopted the same cynical attitude of the Liberals towards the
While at the same time advocating a streamlined government budget, cuts in
social services, research spending and other worthwhile programs, Clark is pro
posing to make mortgage payments tax deductible, adding a monumental burden to the federal treasury.
Such cynicism is rarely matched by the prime minister on his better days.
Clark's handling of the PetroCanada issue is equally suspect. Events in recent
weeks have indicated the vital necessity of having at least one oil company which
is Canadian. Without Petrocan, originally a proposal of the New Democratic Party, Canadians will be threatened with a less secure supply of oil. Clark proposes
to sell Petrocan
Clark has also exhibited an alarming lack of control over his shadow cabinet.
The Conservative party's position on many issues, such as the Petrocan affair,
appears to be determined solely by the number of Tory members of parliament
The only choice available to voters this election appears to be the NDP.
Although not a party without faults they have not been tainted with the overwhelming opportunism of the other parties, so close to power.
While the other parties drift from position to position depending upon the latest opinion poll or the proximity of an election, the NDP has a consistent platform which places the concerns of average Canadians above those of the corporate elite.
In B.C. the stakes are particularly high. All three parties have hovered around
approximately a third of the popular vote each, with minor shifts in popularity bringing massive changes in seats.
A strong NDP vote in B.C. could send enough progressive MPs to Ottawa to
push a Conservative or Liberal government, possibly a minority government, into
taking our interests as seriously as those of the corporate board room.
On May 22 vote NDP.
MARCH 30, 1979
Published Tuesdays, Thursdays and Fridays throughout the
university year by the Alma Mater Society of the University of
B.C. Editorial opinions are those of the staff and not of the
AMS or the university administration. Member, Canadian
University Press. The Ubyssey publishes Page Friday, a weekly commentary and review. The Ubyssey's editorial office is in
room 241K of the Student Union Building. Editorial departments, 228-2301; Advertising, 22E-3977.
Editor: Mike Bocking
Mike Bocking, to the Manner Born, had locked the office for the night, but was too drunk
to remember to shut the press club. With the ring of light from his head wound dancing from
side to side, he lurched through SUB, drew himself a last glass of beer from the keg under his
arm and made his way up to Gage towers, where Jan Nicol was already snoring. As soon as
he was gone there was a stirring and fluttering alt through the reporter's desks. Word had
gone around during the day that old Tieleman, the Middle White bore, had had a strange
dream on the previous night and wished to communicate it to the other animals. It had been
agreed that they should alt meet in the press club as soon as Mike was safely out of the way.
At one end of the press club Tieleman was already ensconced on his bed of Brador bottles.
He was getting old and a little thin in the shanks, but he was still a majestic-looking bore in
spite of the fact that his beard had never been cut.
Before long the other animals began to arrive and make themselves comatose in their different fashions. First came the dogs, Wendy Hunter, Bob Fuhr, Mary-Ann Bruno and her
litter-mate Thierry LeBrun, and Kathy Ford. The hens, Patti Birdsall, Kirk Wirsig, John
Glaboff and Patricia Mok perched themselves on the window sills, the pigeons, Chris Sia and
Alexandra Carrea fluttered up to the rafters, the sheep and cows lay down behind the pigs
and began to chew cocoa leaves. The two cart horses, Kevin McGee and Kevin Finnegan,
came in together, walking very slowly and setting down their vast hairy hoofs with great care
as they drunkenly hoped to crush some small animal in the straw. After the horses came Vicki
Booth, the white goat and Verne McDonald the donkey, who some of the pigs always referred to as an ass. Verne was the most degenerate animal on the farm and the most bad-
tempered. Whenever he talked, it was to make some cynical remark — for instance, he would
say that God had given him drugs to lull his brain, but he would sooner have no brain than no
drugs. Nevertheless, without admitting to such idiocy, he was devoted to McGee. The two of
them usually spent their evenings together in the bar under the table, drinking side by side
and sneering at each other.
The two horses had just lain down when a brood of ugly-duckling sports writers, which had
lost Steve Howard, their mother, filed into the press club, cheeping feebly and staggering
from side to side. Finnegan made a sort of wall around them with his great foreleg, and Paul
Wilson, Ross Burnett, Don Mclntyre and Dave Van Blarcom nestled down inside it, then promptly passed out. At the last moment Maggie Ransford, the foolish, pretty white mare who
drew Mr. Bocking's trap, came mincing daintily in, snorting at a lump of coke. Last of all
came Chris Bocking, Mike's cat, who looked round, as usual, for the warmest place, and
finally squeezed himself between Maggie and McGee; there he purred contentedly
throughout Tteleman's speech without listening to a word of what he was saying.
All of the animals were now present except Art Moses, the tame raven. Who lived in Ontario and rarely showed up. Tieleman saw that a fresh batch of beer was uncapped and
waited until the belches subsided, then cleared his throat and began: "Comrades, you have
already heard about the strange dream I had last night. But I will come to the dream later. I
have something else to say first, t do not think, comrades, that I shall be with you for many
press-days longer. . ."
Geof and Julie Wheelwright, together with Donna and K. Sturmanis, raised a cry of 'hear,
hear' but they were hushed by Ralph Maurer and Marcus Gee, who were dead and could empathize with Tieleman. "I feet it is my duty to pass on to you such wisdom as f have acquired
during my long and thoughtful life. . ." Marcus and Ralph suddenly became ill while Jeff
Rankin and Matt King groaned in unison "not another fuckin' position paper." Tieleman, as
usual, ignored them all and kept talking. "Now, comrades, what is the nature of this life of
ours? Let us face it: our lives are miserable, laborious, and short." Kevin Griffin, a political
silence type, muttered, "He's ripping off Hobbes again," but Steve Simkin and Ruth Leckie
combined to throw htm out and there were no more interruptions. "We are born, we come into this office, we are given barely enough drugs to keep the breath in our bodies, and those of
us who are capable of it are forced to work to the last atom of our strength; and the very instant our usefulness has come to an end we are slaughtered with hideous cruelty by fiends
with telephone books. No staffer at The Ubyssey knows the meaning of happiness after his
first byline. No staffer is free. The life of a staffer is misery and slavery: that is the plain truth.
"You, Mike Mong, Mark Rogers, Thomas Chan and Alice Thompson, how many times
See page 12: MASTHEAD
UBC film department.    4
NITEP      4
The year in review.. . . 6
Americanization ..... 7
Letters  8
Summer employment . 11
The sports year  13
Election '79  14
Peeple  15
Youth work program . 16
the     ubyssey Final Edition, Page 3
Friday, March  30,  1979 NITEP students learn Indian languages, culture,
heritage and *life skills' and gain extra experience
Natives find pride in MTEP
Recent increases in the
number of native Indian
teachers in B.C. have helped
native students to become proud
of their language and heritage,
according to a student
spokesman for the Native Indian
Teacher's Program.
Bob Thomas says that until
recently Indian students in
elementary and high schools
were taught to hide their heritage
and suppress their language.
"I felt more or less ashamed
of being an Indian. Indian kids
today arc still sort of shy and
feel 'you're no good'."
He said UBC's NITEP is one
of the main reasons for the increase in Indian pride in schools.
Native students often "open
up" more easily to Indian
teachers and generally feel more
comfortable with them, said
Thomas. He said NITEP
graduates "make the child feel
more proud of what he is."
NITEP is a four year teaching
program    for    native   students
which started in 1974. Students
attend local NITEP education
centres for the first two years of
the program, during which they
gain 12 weeks of practical
teaching experience per year.
Many of these education centres do not have the professors
needed to teach all of the various
education courses in the NITEP
program, said Thomas. He said
professors from UBC are flown
in to teach for periods of 2-5
days at a time, when the centre
doesn't have someone qualified
to teach the subject.
On those occasions native
students would be taught one
subject eight hours a day continuously until the professor left,
said Thomas. Besides conventional subjects prospective Indian teachers may learn Indian
languages and "life skills".
"What I mean by life skills is
being able to communicate with
other communities."
Thomas said while it is important for native students to learn
about their own culture and
heritage, they must also learn
which parts of it they can
assimilate into modern society
and what they must "leave
He said traditional lifestyles of
hunting, fishing and "living off Other   students   come   from
the land" are impossible for all
native Indians today, and
therefore students need to know
how to assimilate as much Indian culture as possible into a
modern lifestyle.
remote areas of northern B.C.
and have to make moves even to
attend the local education centres, said Thomas.
It's a stepping stone kind of
thing," he said.
"J felt more or less ashamed
of being Indian. Indian kids
today are still sort of shy
and feel 'you're no good.
Although many Indian
students on the NITEP program will learn about Indian
heritage, not all of them wish to
return to teach in their home
communities, said Thomas.
After two years at the centres,
which are located in North Vancouver, Chilliwack, Kamloops
and Vancouver, students make
the big move toUBC.
This is one of the most difficult transitions for many
students, said Thomas.
He said many older native
students have families and the
move to Vancouver is even more
difficult for them.
According to Thomas, the only way rural students make it
through UBC is by sticking
"If it hadn't been for the
other students I would have quit
long ago," he said.
In addition to the changes in
housing, the last two years of the
program are different in their
Students get only three weeks
of teaching experience per year
while they are at UBC, which is
the same amount as regular
education students.
He stressed that the teaching
degree from the NITEP program
makes NITEP graduates equally
as qualified to teach anywhere in
Canada as any other UBC
education graduate.
In total, NITEP students get
much more classroom ex-
oerience than students in the
regular education programs,
said Thomas.
According to education dean
John Andrews this extra practical experience is part of what
has helped the program become
"I think a lot of the success of
the program derives form the
way it's designed."
He said the two year stint at
the local education centres also
provides time for native students
who would not be accepted into
UBC to upgrade themselves to
meet UBC's entrance requirements without returning to
high school.
Andrews said the stress on
teaching Indian subjects in the
program is important to its success.
Thomas said there are two
ways of getting into the NITEP
program, depending on whether
the applicant is a status Indian
or a non-status Indian.
For status Indians the pro-
See page 28: INDIAN
UBC filmmaking a costly affair
Whether it's a bicycle race in
Gastown, or a Walter Mitty fantasy, the UBC film department's
camera is roving and future
directors, producers cinematog-
raphers and technicians are at.
The department, considered
small by its members, produces
about eight films a year that are
funded, conceived and made by
UBC students. But one of the
biggest problems prospective
filmmakers face is providing
their own capital for their
Students producing a film pay
between $100 and $150 per
minute of film, according to
fourth-year film student Richard
Schreiner. But UBC film
students can use the film depart-
ment's equipment and buy
16mm film at a cheaper rate
from the Canadian Broadcasting
Corporation and the National
Film Board, he said.
One UBC film student who
produced a film this year said his
budget started at $1,600 and
leaped  to  $2,100.   Gray  Kyles
says the cost of getting a degree
in film is like 'going to medical
school without the guarantee of
a job when you graduate."
UBC film professor John
Newton said there is a lot of
work available for film students
in B.C. this year, although it has
been difficult to get jobs in the
past. "People know that when
you go into film, it has a history
of being difficult to get a job,"
he said.
Film department technician
Ron Precious says the equipment UBC provides for students
is equivalent to that of modern
film studios. "We try and match
up the procedures they would
have to go through to produce a
filminthe real world. If students
can push their way through here,
they can make it out there," he
said. "The program at UBC
boils down to the drive that
students have."
Precious says the market for
UBC film students is better than
it ever has been. "If anyone has
any ability at all they should be
able to get some work this
summer in B.C."
Schreiner said one way film
students can get exposure is at a
screening session held at the end
of UBC's academic year. The
local film union, National Film
Board and CBC members are
invited to the event.
Film festivals provide another
opportunity for students to get
publicity for their productions.
In 1977, a UBC film student
Sturla Gunnarsson won the
award for best film of the year at
the Canada Film Festival. The
same year Tony Southgate, also
a UBC film student, won the
award for best dialogue. In 1978
student Carol Trepanier won
honorable mention for her
animated film and Forrest
Taylor won the best editing
The length and nature of
student films sometimes make
them difficult to sell, says
Newton. Just about all of the
films students make are dramas
or comedies and most of the
films have very little commercial
potential, said Kyles.
Newton says students who win
awards at the film festivals have
a better chance of selling their
productions. "If the film can
win some awards, you can
sometimes get distribution for it.
Documentaries have a better
chance for distribution,
although it's tricky." Precious
says the biggest buyers for independent filmmakers are educational television and the CBC.
Many of UBC's film department professors and staff are
still very involved in filmmaking
Newton will be going on
sabbatical next year to find distributors for his film, The
Mystery of B. Traven, which
deals with the life of the famous
author. Precious will also be
leaving UBC next year to continue his career as a freelance
Precious is a distinguished
filmmaker and produced the
award-winning film Greenpeace,
Voyages to Save the Whales,
with Fred Easton and Michael
Chechik. The film took two
years to make and cost $70,000
in total. It won the Canadian
equivalent of an Oscar, the
Canadian Film Award and the
Canadian Film and Television
award for the best film in its
class. The film also won the top
prize at the American Film
Festival and a silver plaque at
the Chicago film festival.
Precious said he and his partners were not hired by Greenpeace to do the film, but approached the organization with
their idea. While filming on the
Greenpeace boats, keeping the
camera image steady and confrontations with the whalers
were some of the filmmakers'
problems, he said.
"There was danger in the actual confrontation, especially
when we were crossing in front
See page 28: OBJECTIVITY
Final Edition, Page 4
Friday, March 30,  1979 Teaching assistants
Association of TAs takes on UBC
administration in union fight
The gauntlet has been thrown,
and UBC's teaching assistants
and the university administration are preparing for a year
which could include a major
duel as TAs attempt to negotiate
their first contract.
The counting of the paces has
already begun.
The Association of Teaching
Assistants has decided it is tired
of getting the "run-around"
from the university administration, and has begun a full-scale
attempt to unionize UBC's
about 1,000 TAs.
"It's become more and more
frustrating, we're getting a run-
around," says association president Dave Fuller. "The administration was under no compulsion to talk to the ATA. Now
they've thrown down the
Wage levels for the teaching
assistants is at the centre of the
dispute. The ATA has asked the
administration to discuss a new
TA policy after the administration decided a 1973 policy,
which was generally favorable to
TAs, was not in actuality a
But at a November meeting
with representatives of the ATA,
the administrators, headed by
faculty and student affairs vice-
president Erich Vogt, refused to
enter into discussions because
three members of the ATA
delegation were not employed as
teaching assistants at that time,
although they were recognized
ATA members.
represent the ATA. That was the
last straw," says Fuller. "It took
a year to see that unionization
was necessary.
that    (November
with the
he ATA wants a standard,
university-wide contract,
so that the whims of
administration policy do
not threaten TAs' interests.
"We had an informal
organization called the ATA, to
which a small percentage of TAs
belonged," Vogt said Wednesday. "Some representatives were
no longer teaching assistants.
We got rather edgy discussing
TA matters with people who
were not TAs.
"If it was a collective agreement, then each side can choose
their representatives," he added.
The ATA says that is one of
the main reasons behind the Jan.
19 decision to unionize.
"At an ATA general meeting,
we decided the administration
was trying to decide who was to
administration), the opinion in
the ATA swung very noticeably
towards unionization."
Despite feeling that the administration's position at that
meeting was unfair and done in
bad faith, Fuller points out that
the ATA constitution allows
members to remain in the
organization for one year
following their last date of
And the association is preparing the groundwork for a detailed drive to sign up members for
certification with the Canadian
Union of Public Employees.
The ATA is striving towards
getting a standard, university-
wide contract for teaching
assistants. The executive points
to government education cutbacks and the administration's
waffling on TA wage policy as
the greatest threats to TAs' interests.
Teaching assistantships have
declined by 20 per cent in the
past three years because of cutbacks, Fuller says, while the administration tells the ATA that
since TA salaries and other items
such as stationary are not fixed
budget items, they have to be
"It's a question of power.
Where it's the easiest to slice,
that's where the knife goes,"
Smith says.
It is the discrepancies in the
university's TA policies which
TA caused the greatest bitterness
in the dispute.
The 1973 policy, accepted by
the unrecognized but very
powerful committee of deans,
states that "stipends attached to
graduate teaching assistants and
staff assistants will be eligible for
increases at about the level
awarded to junior faculty."
But in August a subcommittee
of deans decided this statement
expressed only a wish, and was
not a commitment to raise
teaching assistant stipends.
And the difference in pay
because of that decision is
costing some UBC teaching
assistants as much as $600 a
year, according to Fuller.
The administration has
presented a new policy proposal
for TAs, but it does not even
mention TA stipends and is extremely vague in its description
of TA salary levels.
"If we get a union, they'll
have to talk to us, they have to
sign a contract, they have to
honor a contract," says Smith.
"The TA union would be a force
that would have to be respected.
Hopefully, the administration
would start dealing in good
But the association is facing
an uphill struggle for certification. Required by law to sign up
45 per cent of the bargaining
unit with the union, the administration and some individual departments are refusing to release lists with the names
and addresses of teaching
Smith says it is taking subtle
pressures and unusual methods
to get the names of the people
employed as teaching assistants,
but added that unionization is
easy "as long as you know the
rules of the game."
UBC is only one of a dozen
university campuses in Canada
experiencing a battle between
university administrations and
teaching assistants.
Simon   Fraser   University's
TAs accepted unionization as a
local of the Association of
University and College
Employees in December, becoming the first TA union west of
It took almost two years for
the Teaching Support Staff
Union to form, after TAs were
left in an academically and
financially vulnerable position
during the 1976 maintenance
workers' strike. They have yet to
negotiate their first contract,
because talks have been delayed
during the current labor dispute
at SFU.
But while UBC's teaching
assistants are attempting to form
a union to combat arbitrary
policy decisions, the administration still refuses to recognize
how badly relations have
deteriorated between it and the
"I didn't realize relations between TAs and the administration were bad," Vogt says. "I'm
just not sure those people are accurate representatives of the
teaching assistants on campus.
They might be, I'm not sure."
'-':-'.."■:"■'■.-"'.■   '     ,:di^i%.--A-
are pfeparing for what could
be a major duel as the TAs
attempt i» riegotlate
thefr ftif contract.
Friday, March 30, 1979
Final Edition, Page 5 _       •        ij^^     *^x Student apathy
G3.I   III   I GVIGW results in ttiitinnhikes
"Mem'ries can be beautiful,
and yet "
Governments held the centre
stage spotlight in 1978-79 and
UBC students had little to laugh
The provincial government is
determined not to give the province's universities the financial
assistance they require, ensuring
an increase in next year's tuition
Education minister Pat
McGeer's laughable attempts to
pass the responsibility for tuition
fee hikes onto the shoulders of the
university barely deserve comment. His ministry is ultimately
responsible for university funding, and any increases in fees can
be directly attributed to the
government's obvious lack of interest in maintaining the quality of
education and accessibility.
But UBC's board of governors
will make the final decision on
how much next year's students
will pay for their education, and
their reluctance lo inform students
of their intentions can only be
taken as an attempt to avoid the
reaction to a fee hike.
The small extent of student protest over increasing tuition costs is
evident in the confused attempts
of the Alma Mater Society to
organize students in opposition lo
the hike.
A committee was established to
coordinate an anti-increase campaign, but il could not even obtain
support from ihe student administrative commission, a body
appointed by the elected student
representative assembly. SAC's
opposition lo exposing Open
House visitors lo student issues
took away some of the campaign's
credibility. Though the SRA overruled SAC in the end, the final
result was certainly no strong
statement for students' rights to
post-secondary education at a
reasonable cost.
The AMS did present its rationale for opposing tuition fee increases lo the board of .governors,
but the board's seeming approval
in principle of that rationale is not
likely to prevent them from passing the increase. Neither of the
student board representatives
made any definite statement op-
The federal government continued to show its feelings toward
post-secondary education
throughout the year, announcing
cutbacks in research funding and
waffling on the issue of student
The research cutbacks will not
likely have an immediate effect on
Canada's university graduates,
but the eventual outcome will be
severe limitations on opportunities for those graduates in
research. Already there is a
noticeable shift occurring in
UBC's science departments away
from research as an educational
goal toward more commercially-
oriented fields.
If the board is allowed to have
its way, our student representatives will be allowed to be
passive observers in the board
meetings, and will be tolerated as
long as them remain silent. But remaining silent makes a mockery
of their election to voice
student concerns to the board,
and to report on the board's actions and decisions to the students
Jhose decisions concern.
The board further expressed its
lack of respect for the two student
members by denying them the information made available to the
board's corporate members until
just before their first meeting.
This   attitude   should   not   be
And UBC's teeming masses
showed little concern in 1978-79
for the actions of their AMS. A
referendum to increase AMS fees
failed due to a lack of student support. Students were only a little interested in encouraging their
council representatives to maintain the present level of AMS services.
Fortunately for the student
population, the AMS was able to
couple their request with a plea
from intramurals and pushed
through a $3 increase in the second term. The referendum would
likely have failed a second time
without the support of intramurals,  and  AMS politicians
The government is likely to
raise the ceiling on student loans,
but there will be little real benefit
to those students needing
assistance, as the move is not accompanied by an increase in
money for the loan program.
tudent board representatives
don't oppose the increases
posing such an increase despite
election campaign promises, and
Bruce Armstrong does not seem to
oppose it at all.
As in other areas of student
concern, UBC's student population must accept much of the
blame for the lack of opposition
to increased fees. Apathy defused
the effect o; the protests by those
student representatives who tried
to male the university administration and the government aware of
students' needs.
During the past year, UBC
students were made painfully
aware of how little control they
are allowed to exercise over their
educational destiny.
The board of governors made it
perfectly clear that student board
members are not to be responsible
to their constituents, on pain of
ejection from board meetings.
Paul Sandhu's ejection raised the
question of where a student
representative's responsibilities
tolerated by students if they have
any concern about being treated
as equals in their dealings with
university administrators.
But there seems little to fear for
the coming year from Glenn
Wong and Bruce Armstrong as
student board representatives.
Their stands on important student
issues are unlikely to result in their
ejection from board meetings.
UBC's detachment of RCMP
also decided to take a hand in influencing student affairs in the
past year. Their not-so-subtle
pressure and veiled threats at the
student union building's liquor
license prevented a punk concert
that many students supported.
If that were not enough, a second proposal by the AMS programs committee to sponsor a
punk "dance" failed to meet with
SAC approval. There is a movement afoot to limit UBC students'
exposure to unconvential cultural
events, and those same students
seem remarkable unconcerned.
Meanwhile in sleepy. Victoria,
UVic students enthusiastically
welcomed two punk/new wave
events to their campus.
should seriously re-examine their
image in the eyes of the students
they serve.
General meetings met with the
same lack of student support. It is
significant that the last time
quorum was achieved at an AMS
general meeting was when a rock
band played and a trip to England
was offered as a prize. It would be
reassuring to think that this occurs
because students have so much
faith in their student council, but
the reality of the situation is that
assembly elected next year's AMS
executive last week. But of course,
they are the same people who congratulated the engineers on their
Lady Godiva ride as the year's
best "protest" against tuition fee
The AMS did manage to protect
its student charges from B.C.
Hydro's greed by winning agreement for university student bus
passes. The administration of the
bus pass system is troubled by
some serious problems, such as
the excessive penalty for losing a
pass, but it has definitely been a
plus for those students depending
on public transport to and from
the campus.
The administration spent some
of the last year facing scandals in
various departments.
Americanization is once again
rearing its ugly head, and the
English and zoology departments
are involved in scandals over the
hiring of Americans to fill vacant
There are certainly many more
Americans qualified to fill positions in Canadian universities, but
it is ridiculous to expect our own
graduates to take their studies
seriously when they have little
hope of finding jobs.
W.J. Stankiewicz provided the
history department with some excitement over his trip to South
Africa and his teaching methods.
The small influence that student
concern had in resolving these administrative problems is indicative
of faculty's self-protective
defenses and low level of interest
in student participation in faculty
Student action had little effect
on Mike Davis' position as housing director. Charges of incompetence and disinterest in
students' problems prompted the
SRA to demand Davis' removal
from his position, but once again
little was accomplished, and the
issue disappeared into an
apathetic fog.
The Law Students' Association
reaffirmed their "redneck" image
in the second term by giving their
support to the engineers' Lady
Godiva ride. The LSA then showed its disapproval of some of its
members' actions by taking vindictive action against the LSA ad
hoc women's committee and
Arlene Francis in particular.
' The strike of clerical workers at
Simon Fraser University has no
immediate implications for UBC,
but the problem will arise here in
the near future. Most significant is
the SFU administration's attitude
toward the maintenance of classes
and student services. Such a strike
at UBC would cause even greater
disruption than that at SFU, and
must be avoided at all cost.
tudents simply do not care
to participate in their
own government
students simply do not care to participate in their own self-
The   student    representative
Doug   Kenny's   administration
has already shown its opinion of
unions in their efforts to kill the
See page 23: THIS
Final Edition, Page 6
Friday, March  30,  1979 Americanization
The '60s problem still
threatens Canadian universities
How many Yankees are there
in King Kenny's court?
While the number of
American professors employed
at UBC is unknown, many
Canadian educators feel that this
domination is posing a major
threat to the Canadian post-
secondary system.
And the crisis is not limited to
UBC, where there was a confrontation in the English department over the possible hiring of
a non-Canadian professor
earlier this year.
In a report scheduled for
release in April, the Association
of College and University
Teachers of English recommends that there be no foreign
hirings at Canadian universities.
"Every foreign hiring that
takes place is denying a Canadian graduate a teaching position," says report author Alan
Rudrum. "We're recommending
that all foreign hiring should
Rudrum, who is an English
professor at Simon Fraser
University, said recently that
Canadian graduates will be
unable to get positions in tenure
streams at Canadian universities
until the 1990s.
And some of the factors which
have stacked the Canadian post-
secondary system against Canadians include that:
• the regional offices of
Employment and Immigration
Canada have not complied with
a directive by minister Bud
Cullen stating that Canadians be
given preference in all university
job applications;
• university administrations
and departments often define a
job position so rigidly and with
such a degree of specialization as
to disqualify any Canadian applicant;
• tenure was given to
mostly-American professors
employed in Canada in the 1960s
and, while often not qualified to
receive tenure, they are currently
depriving Canadian graduates
from entering the tenure stream;
• government cutbacks are
eliminating staff and positions
of those employed by universities   outside   of   the   tenure
stream,   who   are   almost   exclusively Canadian; and,
• especially at UBC, department heads are told by the administration that the best departments do not need to hire Canadians and can use the international market, thus forcing some
department heads to hire non-
Canadians if they want the administration to believe they are
one of the better departments.
The Rudrum report quotes a
letter sent by Employment
Canada minister Bud Cullen to
all provincial labor ministers
which states that "all agencies
recruiting teachers must, with
certain specified exemptions,
satisfy Canada Manpower that
suitable Canadians are not
available and cannot be trained
for the job vacancies."
But The Ubyssey has learned
that regional and local offices
have received a different, and
much more lenient, description
of job eligibility for foreign
university job applicants. This
makes it even easier for
academic immigrants to receive
jobs than any others.
Universities are virtually left
on their own to determine if
Canadians meet certain job requirements.
The report asks university administrations to respect the spirit
as well as the letter of Cullen's
Rudrum says the dispute in
UBC's English department was a
result of the department's appointments committee decision
to hire a senior Shakespearean
professor, thus making it difficult to fill the position with a
(Ronald Hatch, an associate
English professor, has led a
departmental protest this year,
following the committee's decision to bring four Americans to
UBC to contest the senior position. Sources within the department now say that none of the
candidates will be hired because
department head Robert Jordan
was informed at a meeting of the
tenure committee, which includes all tenured professors,
that his handling of the dispute
had been faulty.)
"If universities were flexible
at a level they would appoint, a
number of well-qualified Canadians would be in the running,"
says Rudrum. "But if you make
lots of little rules in the department, you can hire the person
• •
you're looking for. You can tell
the government exactly what you
want and tell them you've
followed the rules and looked
for a Canadian."
There are at least six UBC
Ph.D.s living in Vancouver, including a Shakespearean, who
will not be hired by the univerity
because it will only hire its
graduates when "they have
achieved distinction," Rudrum
"That's the kind of situation
one has to deal with. The
American insistance on
specialization is harmful, it's
The current influx of
Americans in senior positions at
Canadian universities has occurred as a result of the post-
Sputnik boom of American
university graduates. The Canadian boom did not occur until
about three years later, Rudrum
says, leaving Canadian
graduates without teaching opportunities.
And the pattern of hiring
Americans has continued into
the 1970s, even though there are
now enough Canadian graduates
to fill vacancies in Canadian
universities. Rudrum says Canadians will be lucky if they are
hired into tenure streams by the
The lack of openings is forcing most Canadian Ph.D.
graduates to retrain themselves
for other jobs, after eight years
or longer of post-secondary
"The situation for Canadian
Ph.D.s is very, very bad indeed.
They have no chance for
tenure," Rudrum says.
And Hatch says UBC's administration actually actively
contributes to the myth that
American applicants should be
hired instead of Canadian
educated applicants.
"The university administration doesn't realize how serious
it is to tell department heads that
the best departments don't have
to hire Canadians, but can use
the international market," he
"That puts a tremendous
pressure on the department
heads not to hire Canadians to
show the university administration that they are one of the better departments."
During the dispute in the
English department, UBC's administration always insisted
there was no problem in the ratio
of Canadian professors
employed at the university.
But the Americanization of
Canadian univerities is going to
remain a problem until university administrations decide to accept their own graduates as
academic equals to American
graduates. If not, Canadian
graduate students will, as
Rudrum says, have to wail until
all the Americans now teaching
retire before finding a niche in
Canadian university teaching
Canadian grads are denied jobs due to
a system stacked in favor of Yanks
Friday, March 30, 1979
Final Edition, Page 7 Letters
'There is no excuse for Ubyssey9
Since 1973, I have been a
member of the university community, both as a student and as
an employee; and since that time
I have closely followed the fortunes of the campus newspaper,
The Ubyssey. Six years ago I
considered The Ubyssey to be
merely a poor excuse for a campus newspaper. However, back
in those days there still existed
on the campuses of this continent vestiges of the radical insanity of the 1960's. Since that
time, we have been something of
a return to reason on the campuses. But at The Ubyssey? Absolutely not! Since that time I
have been The Ubyssey sink
from nadir to undreamt-of
nadir. What we have now is a
rag so venomous that it amply
exemplifies the words of
Friedrich Nietzsche: "Sick are
they always; they vomit their bile
and call it a newspaper."
First things first: what is the
purpose of a university
newspaper? Well, it should mirror the virtues of the university.
Gears let it bleed
I leave this year with lasting memoiies.
A little while atgo at noon 1 was on my way across campus, hoping to
catch a bite to eat at the Bus Stop. As I crossed in front of the main library
[ couldn't help noticing a group M engineering ■.indents who were getting
ready to jettison a friend, or perhaps just an acquaintance, into the shallow
pool. Knowing the futility of struggle, the victim was passive, yei visibly
uneasy. As I looked on, I got an ominous feeling, like that of watching a
lynching in a Clint Eastwood movie. The victim's "words expressed his
fears. He pleaded, "just do it light!" several limes, hoping to secure some
assurance from his captors. In reply, they all chuckled in an affirmative
tone and grubbed his legs and arms.
As they began (o swing him, I held ray breath as I watched the fragile
notches of the victim's lower spine pass only inches over the granite pool
rim. Suddenly, I hey let him ily. The body twisted for a moment in the air
and then dropped, his head and shoulders striking the water first. The foot-
deep pond gave no resistance and ii parted under his weight.
Then, with a shaky effort the victim got io his feet and swayed off
balance. Something was wrong. His mouth was open a little, yet no sweating, no shouting, as if at that moment no words were strong enough to express his feelings. A moment later, he let out a tcirible moan. There he
stood, clothed only in his underwear, knee-deep in, and dripping with
water, while from the &ide of his head and face issued a stream of blood,
mixing with water as it flowed down his body and into the pool. He was
making this anguished half-cry of pain and disbelief and the blood continued to pour from the gash in his head. His worst expectations had come
And right next to the pool, a group of red-jacketed boys stood motionless, motionless even to help—-limbs frozen, mouths agape. There was
this helpless, pleading look in their eyes that said, "It was just a prank. We
didn't mean to do it."
A wortian bystander went to phone an ambulance.
David & Peter Vaisfeord
Free UBC two
Your readers may be interested to know that last May
we sent the following letter to all
members of the faculty of
Dear Colleague,
As you probably know, Dr.
Julius Kane, professor of animal
resource ecology and zoology, is
taking action for defamation
against two people in connection
with their statements to Mr.
Doug Collins of the Vancouver
Sun. The two people are Arlene
Francis, presently a student in
the law faculty, and Bruce
Wilson, a graduate of the arts
faculty. Both worked for Dr.
Kane as research assistants.
Francis and Wilson are not
eligible for Legal Aid in this
case. They cannot be professionally defended without payment and, since the case is proceeding, their bills are already
mounting up. Wilson writes:
'If...Dr. Kane continues his
litigation to trial, then our legal
costs will be a minimum of
$8,000 to $9,000. Indeed, even
should Dr. Kane drop the
proceedings before reaching trial
our legal costs are in the $4,000
to $5,000 range.' Their lawyer is
now asking for 'something on
One does not have to prejudge
the outcome of the trial to
believe, as we do, (a) that Francis and Wilson are entitled to
competent professional defence
and (b) that young people with
no resources should not have to
incur burdensome personal debt
for doing what they conceived
rightly or wrongly, to be in the
best interests of the university.
We have accordingly formed
ourselves into an ad hoc committee to raise money for the
defence of Arlene Francis and
Bruce Wilson in the suit brought
against them by Dr. Kane. We
have no commitment or policy in
the matter of any other sort
whatever: our interest is purely
in helping them to be properly
defended. We hope that you will
wish to contribute, and understand that you may do so without
incurring any other commitment.
Cheques should be made
payable to the Francis-Wilson
Defence Fund, and sent to Professor B. Curtis Eaton, Department of Economics, BUTO
1028, Campus. Anonymous contributions will also be received.
Apart from any proper expenses that may be incurred by
the ad hoc committee, moneys
will be paid directly and only to
the lawyers representing Francis
and Wilson, Messrs. Prowse,
Williamson and Foster. In the
event that we are substantially
oversubscribed, we shall return
the unused portion of each contribution that we can identify.
For the ad hoc committee,
G.C. Archibald
economics (chairman)
(signed in his absence
by B.C. Eaton)
And of the university itself? I
quote Dr. John Senior: "A
university is not Hyde Park; it is
not Haight Ashbury or Greenwich Village. It is not a brothel
or a cabaret. A decorum, a
decency, high seriousness, a zeal
for truth and beauty—the word
'student' means zealous in
Latin—these are the necessary '
modes of behaviour at a university." Judged by these criteria,
The Ubyssey fails dismally. It
has nothing but contempt for
fact, truth and common decency. It celebrates the trivial whilst
mocking the great. It never
misses a chance to denigrate the
ideals of the university and this
university in particular. It revels
in sensationalism, lewdness,
puerile iconoclasm and
sophomoric 'humor' of the
lowest kind. Its rhetoric is base
and its characteristic expression
is that of a sneer. Its writing is
shot through and through with
the vicious biases of the spoiled
brats who write for it; here we
see the countenance of what Irving Kristol has labelled "the new
class" shown in all its
unadulterated hatefulness.
I will now list some concrete
examples of what I have been
speaking of. They are only some
of the most recent and flagrant
Dr. Kenny, the president of
UBC, is regularly referred lo in
your pages as a 'thug'. This is intolerable. Whatever one may
think of Dr. Kenny or his ideas
(I, for one, vehemently disagree
with him on many important
issues), he is still the president of
this university and, as such, is
entitled to respect. Furthermore,
he is a man of much greater
erudition and accomplishment
than any of the contributors to
The Ubyssey.
Dr. W.J. Stankiewicz, one of
the most learned and respected
members of our faculty, was
scandalously libelled in your
pages. The technique utilized in
this case was one of the most
popular in the arsenal of journalistic character assassination.
Grave and unsubstantiated
charges are made against a
man's reputation and character;
the accusers are anonymous.
The cowardly and irresponsible
screen of "highly placed
sources" is employed. These
sources are never named, and
The Ubyssey slinks onward, free
to besmirch the characters of
other decent men. As a
postscript, I will add that it is
obvious to anyone remotely acquainted with Dr. Stankiewicz'
work that the attacks on him are
blatantly political in motivation.
Before Christmas we were
treated to the shocking and
blasphemous remarks of Rev.
Mac Elrod. The moral squalor
manifested in that interview and
in the inane debate that followed
filled mc with an incomparable
disgust and sadness. That the. ,-
lerview was the work of Pe.
Menyasz was terrifyingly predic
table. Really, Mr. Menyasz is, in
the words of Samuel Johnson,
"a rascal who ought to be
hunted out of society."
Mr. Menyasz has, in the last
few months, managed to turn
your paper into a forum for the
dissemination of t h e rankest-
homosexual agitprop imaginable. I am sure that many
UBC students have picked up a
copy of The Ubyssey during the
last  few  months and  thought
that they had, by mistake, happened upon a copy of The Body
I suspect that Mr. Menyasz,
lying awake in his bed at night,
tosses and turns in agony, tortured by the thought that
somewhere, out in this wicked
world, there is a 'liberation
movement' he has yet to
discover. After all, pederasty has
become a bit passe, n'est-ce pas?
Whose cause will Mr. Menyasz
champion next? Militant
albinos? Self-righteous
necrophiliacs? The much put-
upon paedophiles? One shudders to imagine.
The monstrousness of the
trend of the past few years at
The Ubyssey achieved its most
perfect expression in the International Women's Day issue. If
previous issues of ihe paper were
merely mostly barbaric, this was
an intellectual and moral
disaster area from start to finish:
thirteen pages given over to the
deranged ravings of shrill harridans; an interminable screech
of hatred toward man and
How dare these women, a
handful of cranks, presume to
speak for one-half of mankind?
Who but a madman could
believe that women "are bought
and sold"? I'm afraid that the
demands of these harpies appear
"logical and precise" only to
nascent totalitarians like
Later on in that issue, we had
a further installment in the attempted apotheosis of Dr.
Morgenthaler, perhaps
Canada's most accomplished
murderer. "It's no longer a
question of whether abortion is
good or bad," saith the good
doctor. Perhaps it's no longer a
question to a devil like Morgenthaler, but how many others
agree with him? The Ubyssey
engages in ad nauseum prattling
about "human rights" but
evidently feels that the
dismemberment of helpless, unborn children is not even a moral
question anymore. Looking over
the rodomontade and casuistry
employed in that interview, I am
reminded of the words of Martin
Luther, as paraphrased in
Bach's second cantata: (It
is)..."like those graves of the
dead/which, even though
beautiful from outside/contain
only stench and decay/and have
nothing but filth to show."
Finally, incredibly, we have
the letter of a certain Mr. Ralph
Summard. In this letter the
destruction of private property
with molotov cocktails is
defended, and even advocated.
This letter constitutes incitement
to break the law; it constituted
sufficient reason for the RCMP
to seize the issue and to destroy
it. That this was not done, that
there was not even any protest
about this letter, is final evidence
of the moral sump into which
this campus has fallen.
In conclusion, The Ubyssey as
it now stands has no place on
this campus and deserves, indeed
demands, purging. I read with
dismay that the boor Menyasz
has been elected an editor for the
forthcoming year. Doubtless,
this means that the paper will
become even worse. This cannot
be allowed to happen. How can
this cleansing of our campus be
effected? The AMS can
withdraw its subsidy to the
paper. I am absolutely certain
that if The Ubyssey had to depend on private subscriptions, it
would not last a week. Unfortunately, given the present state
of student government at UBC,
this withdrawal of support is not
likely to occur. The action that
the situation demands is the taking of steps by the administration and the faculty of this
university to ensure that a paper
that receives substantial monies
forcibly extracted from the student body truly reflects the
ideals and character of our
Kevin Michael Grace
arts 2
Say it again • • •
. As your publication year draws to a close, I think someone should express s^me congratulations to the editor and staff of The Ubyssey for a job
well done this year:
For the most pan, the news covered events that were of direct concern to
the students on this campus, with fewer digressions to the less immediate
problems of world political reform favored by the CUP files;
The quality of reporting could be improved, as always, (remember the
leadership conference?) but then you aien'i all professional reporters (yet)
The sports coverage was expanded;
And the staff editorials, although often shallow, were topical and significant.
Most importantly, the depressing, vindictive, and left-wing slant that has
destioyed many campus publications, was less noticeable.
Qn controversial issues, most noticeably the Lady Godiva ride, ample
space was given to all sides of the argument, despite the staff's opinions.
Having studied previously at a university where special interest groups
have succeeded over a number of years to destroy the campus newspaper
and most of the campus political structure, it is a refreshing change to come
to a campus where the student newspaper is student-oriented.
I hope this marks the beginning of a long tradition at The Ubyssey.
David W. Rowat
chemical engineering
Hoods in Brock
As we all know, exam time is
rolling around and, undoubtedly, those students who haven't as
yet cracked a text are feeling
edgy. Some haven't even bought
a text so they figure that it's time
to go shopping. And what better
place to shop than Brock Hall
where hundreds of texts lie unguarded day and night. But is
this really fair? Come on now;
whoever stole my Math 130 text
last Friday morning, please
return it.
Dougal Clark
arts 1
Final Edition, Page 8
Friday, March 30,  1979 Letters
'It happened at UBC one day9
I am a student in professor
Holsti's political science 204
class. While Dr. Holsti's lectures
seemed to me to be well organized and concise, he was quite incompetent and displayed very
little interest in making the
seminars interesting or useful to
students. There was at least one
complaint made by one of the
students in my group in the first
term, but nothing was done.
Naturally, as the year progressed, fewer and fewer people
attended the discussions. To say
that discussion groups were bor-
Graffiti teaches
Have you seen the latest punk graffiti adorning our favourite institution?
Most iikely. But have you really read what they have to say? You should.
There is far too much intellectual apathy around this place and it could get
us toto trouble.
t am not an anarchist (nor a punker, for that matter) but I do believe that
we "citizens of the future" are having much trouble seeing past the ends of
our noses. We are not the only ones in this society who want to make things
happen in the future. There is a large contingent who don't have the opportunity to go to university and many of these people arc getting unhappy
with the way things are going in this part of the world and would like to see
some changes.
You may laugh at the idea of a anarchist revolution but they laughed at
Adolph Hitler and Jesus Christ too so don't feel so smug. If this kind of
revolution becomes a real threat it is the university which will suffer
because it is the most stifling instrument of "the establishment". There are.
many people whose intellectual abilities are not included in the university's
list of entrance requirements. Don't disregard these people. If they are just
as intelligent as you or I then they have just as much ability to change things
regardless of formal education.
I admit that an anarchist upheaval, or any other kind of upheaval, seems
pretty remote but just think about it. Think about it hard. 'Cause you can
bet it's thinking about you.
John Upton
■ . '      •   grad. studies
Lest we forget
As my term of office steadily
draws to a close, I would like to
make a few passing observations
and draw attention to two
specific areas of concern for the
benefit of the new
Firstly, as regards the senate
of U.B.C, I would like to say
that I have spent a pleasant term
of office as a member of this
august body. I would be the first
one to admit that it does have its
problems and may be a less than
perfect organ of democracy;
however, I have come to realize
that by acting in a reasonably
mature fashion one's views are
listened to and taken into consideration. I was a member of
the senate curriculum committee
which was one of the most important senate committees. 1
found that by trying to act as
other senators and making
myself stand out as a typical student, other members of the committee were sympathetic to student feelings and were quite willing to hear our views and support us. Some felt that we were
antagonizing ourselves by
separating ourselves out as
students. I am not nor have I
been what may be termed an administration sellout but if getting
my views across means putting
on a tie, learning to speak clearly
and properly and mingling with
other senators, I am all for it. If
we had acted and behaved more
as responsible senators and less
like immature students, I am
quite sure that a lot of our motions would not have lost by so
overwhelming a majority.
To all you new senators, get
out to as many meetings and
functions that you are able to.
Talk to the non-student
members of senate; surprisingly
enough, a lot of them were
students just like ourselves at
one time. They can relate to us
and do sympathize with us as
well. Remember, the sixties and
the days of student revolution
are over, the administration is
very approachable.
As regards Valgeet Johl's flying circus SRA, what more can
be said that has not been expressed so well by The Ubyssey.
The student representative
assembly meetings that I have attended ranged from the
ridiculous to the insane.
Regardless of what other
members might say, SRA is not
truly representative of the student population. It is a training
ground for would-be politicians.
Granted that it has passed some
useful programs this year such
as the bus pass program, it has
wasted vast sums of money and
many hours of valuable time by
debating such important subjects as-the presentation of the
Scum Bowl, censuring The
Ubyssey, condemning the
government and Post Office for
the recent strikes, and whether
or not coffee and donuts should
be served at meetings. SRA
members are supposed to be officials elected to represent the
views of their constituencies, yet
in the light of the "Great Constitution Debate" it was clearly
evident that many members
voted against the wishes of their
own constituencies. The feelings
of the majority of
undergraduate societies were
largely ignored, otherwise we
would be holding a constitution
referendum in March.
To all incoming SRA reps,
remember who elected you and
try to keep the AMS respectable
by keeping to important issues
and the constant problems of
U.B.C. students.
Jeff Barnett
former student senator for
pharmaceutical sciences
ing would be vastly understating
the case. Some interest was expressed by one student in
organizing a simulation, (a
method often used, it seems, in
political science classes), but the
T.A. made only a token attempt
to do so. He never attended the
lectures, and therefore was
unable to offer any assistance to
students on points which confused them. His office hours were
awkward and, according to one
student I talked to, he wasn't
even in his office during these.
The students did get their
revenge, however. As I understand it, the comments made on
the T.A. evaluation forms were
almost unanimously damming.
(I've talked about it to many of
the people in my seminar group
as well as some in other groups.)
We were assured that statements
made on the forms would be
kept confidential and not released until after all papers had been
graded and the final exam over.
However, in a discussion group
held shortly after this survey had
been conducted, the T.A. treat-
-»ed the students to a half-hour
lecture on how they should accept some of the blame for what
had happened in the discussion
groups and how the comments
made were endangering his
chances for a job. Apparently,
as one student found out in a
visit to professor Holsti's office,
the T.A. was applying for a
similar position at another
university and wanted a letter of
recommendation written for
him. Prof. Holsti, being, I suppose, put on the spot, leaked the
results of the class evaluation to
him (in a summary). The T.A.,
although told not to, promptly
spilled the beans, thereby
thoroughly embarrassing his surprised discussion group.
Needless to say, our marks are
clearly in danger. Not only have
we received inadequate preparation for the exams, but we've
been deprived of unbiased
evaluation of our papers as well.
It is tempting to be cynical about
this, but it is genuinely shocking
that a professor would tattle on
student comments made in confidence.
Unfortunately, this is another
example of the political science
department's lack of concern for
students. There were three T.A.s
hired for the course, and only
one of these got favourable
reviews from students on the
evaluation forms. Why are such
people hired? This doesn't seem
to happen in other departments.
(The professor admitted at the
beginning of the year that he had
never met his T.A.'s before the
course began.) Secondly, why
are students discouraged from
going to the professor to protest
marks which they feel are unfair? Dr. Holsti stated to the
class at the beginning of the year
that he really didn't want to have
papers submitted to him for revision, although he would see
them if necessary. According to
what I've heard, if a student
does ask him to read his paper,
he's likely to be treated to a very
cold reception, and marks will
not be officially altered if the
change to be made is less than 10
percent. And finally, how is it
possible that a professor should
break student's trust in him by
telling a T.A. what students
think of him?
1 hope that the political
science department will be more
careful about who they hire in
the future, and that Dr. Holsti,
who is, as I understand it, a
highly respected (and, I think,
generally liked) professor will
refrain from being indiscreet
about information given in stu
dent evaluation forms. I also
hope, for my sake and for
others, that the marks submitted
by this T.A. will be examined
carefully. This really shouldn't
happen at U.B.C.
(Please withold my name if you
decide lo print this)
Crane's happy
We were delighted to learn
that the 1979 graduating class
has awarded a gift of $7,500 to
Crane Library. The grant will be
used to purchase a prefabricated sound proof recording studio to be installed in our
new recording centre where we
record text and related materials
for blind and print handicapped
Crane Library provides
materials for some 70 students
on campus and via agreements
with the ministry of education,
to all visually impaired and print
handicapped students in B.C.
On behalf of ail those students, I
would like to express sincerest
thanks to the executive and
members of the 1979 graduating
class for their generous gift to
Crane Library and for the vote
of confidence in these special
students, which the grant
We will purchase and have the
recording studio installed shortly
and we will dedicate it to the
1979 graduating class. May we
congratulate you on the prospect
of graduation, and wish you the
very best for the future. Please
consider ihis an open invitation
to visit our recording centre
when you come back to ihe campus and see the recording studio
which your gift has provided.
Paul E. Thiele
librarian and head
'Vote yes
or else9
During the recent referendum,
"Vote yes" stickers were posted
all over the ballot boxes, which
seems a trifle unethical. For our
student government, which
doesn't hesitate to issue pious'
diatribes about the world at
large, to allow this sort of thing,,
seems quite unethical. j
M.D. Holland
science 2
Afternoon delight
Now thai >ou\c all had your fun and we ie thiough li>tening to all the
petrv -Hlit-isms of [he piimc minister's speaking engagement di I IK . lei'1
gel down to some facts. In response lo the complain! ih.it in., esi.ni •■houlil
!:<ue been held in the War Memoiial Gym, ojir onguial intention wj>. tu
hold u ihere bin we didn't get continuation mini Mart.li H and cdiiccllinu
densities in the gym loi I • days with only one week's nonce would have m
convcnicnccd a pi eat nuns students So. on (he aJth.c ol ihe adn.iiustia
lum ol ihe uimcisiiy, we booked the SUB ballroom
We did anticipate a huge ciowd bin noi quite so l>iige oi hoMnous a
,-iowd .is the one whh.h showed up 1 he icason ilu'ii lew people were allowed in until l*i minuses helore (he P M aimed wa1- iiijl titers were [cJinual
diliiiiihics ,n -.cnine up [ \ idincrds. Iigln-, clo'td uruii! tclcu-ioii. and
Kuk up I' A  systems
I here haw hci.ii complain - il-.u iiic people manning iiic doo>s imJ a
pio,>ciisiis io lei in onls I ibual pans >ii]>pmur Well il ih- it lui - cun
11 ic WIS [ioIuk.iI hiiik* and [K K( Ml'p'.ii'kKm! < ; isoni t. \w In:;,'
iiseils /liiioiis in [heir Mippoit loi our ncloved pans, mi-iV iln's nude .ir
in. .i.tMO'i'. ol people wliu weie -aanj.n ■ al I " . mis
I '   be.u suggested nun il   he LJi.ur   vwiv. an .'iged in   )\j iiaJi'ioiii
i  iiic:   laiuy ,he "U.iiii *U ■«.. wc ..mid 'i.i.. u. i ! .'i li"> n »i.   l.i
Ihe i...!m)ii thai ihciiiai's weiv. anaii^d il c »j\'h.' sen. 'v.. loioana.
iiiii'iiiiul diuii'tpliLU wl.i.h would he ■ip;,iupii,r m I.- q'n.-'io" a,\
an u«i foiriidi oi the jvim In an; .a«.e. tl.e WIS pu>.idcJ u> wiiii .\ai
iiuIl .Iuii whi.h wa< noi heiiij' used lIscwIic. \\ . <wil wi *. lose <u I as
p ,: ills le^dl linn- ol "Oi he. ^tdiidinj than-, di'd hcMdc . th.' iiumhir •>!
j-iDI'k who Lould Iii iiiio 'lie ballroom, Ni'h Mcuidmi' and v.iiuii', won,J
h.'vc K..n the iJinc no maun wnaf llie* sc.iiin.' anangemcni- wer<.
Its the was, [his was designed a. a siuJs.ii   cse il and noi a iiv.a
esi.ii,    Ihe leason lhat me media 'ook piidi mteii.M in i; wa* inai n w
iiuilJ such (hat u could be teal tired on ihe evening news in caMcrn I auaiu
Iri spite of [he criticisms or [hose persons, of unknown political
pietcrences whose (.oriiirientaiy 1ms Adoincd Ihe pages of (his rag in (he
pievioiu week, wc reel certain that all of you who actually attended the
event will agree thai ii was a most interesting afternoon.
Marianne 1 hmmon, tfce-
Kob Moore, chairman
B.C. liberal Youth CommiMiiiin
It was a gamble
Your articles on last week's
"Page Friday" have presented
some interested and informative
material for my travel plans this
summer (but that's beside the
As I flipped to the article on
Las Vegas I immediately noticed
that the picture on the top of the
page was by no way taken
anywhere   within   a   thousand
miles of Nevada. To be precise,
the photo is taken in a Chicago
discotheque called
"ZORINE'S" by National
Geographic photographer Steve
Raymer. An exact replication is
printed on page 488 in the April
1978 issues of the society's
Urey Chan
science 1
Friday, March 30, 1979
Final Edition, Page 9 Letters
Ukranians also lose back in USSR
Re: in the March 20 Ubyssey entitled "Jews lose back in the
USSR." Certainly, I must agree
with everything Brian Field
stated in his column. My only
criticism is that the article plus
the accompanying cartoon, and
for that matter most of the
Western media seem to give the
impression that Jews are the only minority group being
persecuted in the Soviet Union.
Few people realize it, but the
USSR is actually made up of 15
supposedly autonomous
republics and only 52 per cent of
the population is actually Russian. This means that 48 per cent
of the population are members
of some minority group and is
thus subject to some form of
Being of Ukrainian descent, I
am most familiar with the situation in the Soviet Ukraine, particularly regarding the persecution of the Eastern-rite Ukrainian Catholic Church, surely
one of the most oppressed churches in the world today. The
Ukrainian Catholic Church is
dominant in the Western regions
of Ukraine, particularly in the
province of Galicia, whence incidentally, most Ukrainian immigrants io North America
came. Until 1939 Galicia was a
province of Poland and the
Ukrainian Catholic Church was
allowed to flourish, having some
5.5 million members. At the end
of WW II however, the Soviets
annexed Galicia to the Soviet
Ukraine, and immediately began
their destruction of the church.
In 1946 they forced the church
to merge with the Russian Orthodox Church, thus officially
ending its existence. The great
majority of priests refused to
obey and as a result, hundreds
were either liquidated or
deported    to    Siberian    labour
camps. The metropolitan of the
Ukrainian Catholic Church,
Joseph Slipy, was held in such a
camp from 1948 until 1965 when
he was released. He subsequently went to Rome where Pope
Paul VI elevated him to the level
of cardinal.
Churches throughout the
Ukraine were destroyed, boarded up, or turned into anti-
religious museums. Today, as an
example, in the city of Ternopol,
a city of 250,000 people, the majority of whom are Ukrainian
Catholics, there exists one Polish
Catholic Church, mainly for the
benefit of Polish tourists, one
synagogue serving the Jewish
population, but not even one
Ukrainian church. Over the past
years, there have been scores of
cases of priests being jailed for
"hooliganism", for the heinous
crime of offering Mass.
If one identifies himself as a
Ukrainian Catholic in the Soviet
Ukraine today he immediately
has two strikes against himself.
First, the USSR, being officially
UBC admin lobotomized
So that prize peony from physics, Dr. Erich
Vogt, tells us Robin Mathews does not realize
how well UBC was doing hiring Canadians.
Crap!   Hogwash!
Just as well Mathews is kept in the dark burning with a gem-like arrogant flame, otherwise
he might scorch luminaries like professor
Julius Kane, an American. Where did we find
What about the recent appointment in nursing? The new director is an antiseptically
American lady with whom no Canadian could
possibly compete.
Then there is that singing nest of failed
writers in creative writing, Yanks to a man except the former chairman, a Canadian rapidly
disappearing into the cedar shrubbery trying to
find a beaver no doubt.
One could go on. The list is nauseatingly
endless. 1 have a friend with a fine arts degree
who graduated without being taught by a
single Canadian born instructor. Great for
one's sense of cultural identity.
I would say the arrogance does not lie with
intrepid old Robin Mathews. I might be tempted to say that not only arrogance but men^
dacity is characteristic of an administration
which claims UBC is doing well in the hiring of
Canadians. UBC continuously hires any kind
of foreign expertise in preference to Canadians
because the administration is so colonial-
minded it is downright lobotomized.
Paul Fontaine
an atheist state, looks
suspiciously upon anyone who
professes any religious belief at
all'. Second, being a member of a
national church such as the
Ukrainian Catholic Church immediately brings upon oneself
the suspicion of what the Soviets
like to call "bourgeois nationalism."
This is, in fact, the true reason
why the Ukrainian Catholic
Church is so totally suppressed.
It is a church steeped in the
traditions of Ukrainian history
and as such cannot help but instil national feelings among its
members. The Russians, in their
desperate attempt to create the
ideal "Soviet Man" have
systematically attempted to
stamp out any national feelings
in the 15 republics and this includes liquidating the national
While decrying American imperialism, the Russians
themselves, in chauvinistic
fashion, have imposed their
language and culture on the constituent republics of the USSR at
the expense of the indigenous
languages and cultures. Thus
while the Jews lose back in the
USSR, so do the Ukrainians,
and so do members of every
minority nationality or religion.
Patrick Chomnycky
commerce 4
UBC students didn't earn PM's respect
Well, it appears UBC students
don't care all that much for
Trudeau. That's okay, I'm sure
the feeling is mutual. Although
it's true the PM is a master at
both handling obnoxious crowds
and answering questions in a
manner ensuring that he comes
out on top, the ignorance of his
Thursday audience made the latter easier than even he could
have expected. Sure, Trudeau is
a smart cookie, but -he is not
smart enough or, for that matter, stupid enough to consistently make posers of intelligent
questions look like complete
asses. Herein I come to the problem with Thursday's session:
Most of the questions betrayed
so-© rude
Just a line to comment on the
reception by the student body of
the prime minister of Canada,
Pierre. Elliot Trudeau, when he attempted to speak at your institution
a day or so ago.
First of all let me make clear that
I'm no Liberal, that I detest
Trudeau and all his works, that I
sign every letter I write "Delendus
Est Trudeau," but I can neither
understand nor approve the
discourtesy shown a guest speaker
by the student body of U.B.C.
It is evident that at least a large
part of the audience should never
have been admitted to university.
In, fact, I am sure that if the standards of 40 years ago, when I attended Toronto were demanded today, three-quarters of the
"students" attending U.B.C. today
wouldn't have made it. The conduct of the students during the
Trudeau visit would have disgraced
a junior high school, where I am
sure, most of them still should be.
"Delendus F.sl Trudeau"
H. R. Moffat.
the gross ignorance of those at
the microphones.
Whoever asked the initial
question regarding education
spending and the federal government should have known (since
she appeared to be representing.
the National Union of Students)
that education is a provincial
responsibility (under section 93
of the British North America
Act). This doesn't mean the
federal government can't help of
can't be criticized for its lack of
help. The research grant cutbacks were a federal move. Too
bad the question was improperly
asked. The point here is that it
must be extremely difficult for
Trudeau to take NUS seriously
when its spokeswoman proves
she doesn't know the first thing
about the limitations of the
feeral government in the field of
Another question dealt with
To the school paper of some
university in Vancouver, B.C.:
Writing to you 'cause I
wonder if someone (female or
male) over there, is willing to
write to a Swedish girl, 20 years
old, living outside Stockholm,
studying at the University of
I'm just an ordinary Swedish
chic, who loves "the student
life", and rather open minded
and curious.
Why not write to me, who
wants to know everything about
you, your country, your friends,
My name and address:
Maj-Lis Korhonen,
Fjarilstigen 15,
S — 150 20 Jarna,
the protection of human rights,
inparticular, protection from
discrimination on the basis of
sex. A little research would have
uncovered that some provinces
(including B.C.) already have
bills of rights that deal with this,
and that Trudeau's Constitutional Amendment Bill, C-60,
attempts to entrench rights and
freedoms, something that both
the provincial bills and Diefen-
baker's federal bill could not do.
Trudeau, of course, gladly
elaborated on these points.
The ignorance displayed on
our part did have one saving
grace. It surely must have convinced the PM—there is indeed
something wrong with the
educational system. If we are the
intellectual elite, I can only
shudder at the thought of the
darkness the rest of the public
must dwell in. Sure, I know the
newspapers have been on strike
for a long time, but it hasn't
been 10 years.
To say that in light of Thursday's display I'm embarrassed to
a UBC student and will
henceforth don a paper bag in
public would be an over-
reaction. Perhaps though, those
already wearing bags, a ew of
whom fumbled their ways to the
microphones, should cut holes
for eyes and ears.
Finally, a word about the
crowd in general. It was noisy,
rowdy, and disrespectful. On the
first two counts, I say great,
nothing's wrong with enthusiasm. Disrespect, however,
is another matter. Whether we
agree with Trudeau's policies or
not, he deserves our respect;
after all, he is our prime
minister. No, I'm not simply
flag waving or flaunting pressed
maple leaves. The guy's been
PM for 10 years and has passed
or is trying to pass some of the
most important legislation since
the British parliament's passing
of the BNA Act. Trudeau's
legislation has had or will hae
crucial consequences for all
Canadians. His ac
complishments have resulted
from hard work and reflected
amazing and perhaps unprecedented political intuition
and flair. In the past decade he
has done some good, some bad,
and    some    horrid    things.
Nonetheless, whether he
deserves our votes or not, a bit
of respect is warranted.
The obvious rebutal is that
Trudeau was pretty arrogant and
didn't show us much respect.
Maybe he didn't but, then again,
what did we do on Thursday to
earn it?
Shel Laven
arts 4
Busing an issue
While the Greater Vancouver
Regional District and the
minister of municipal affairs
continue to disagree on transit
organization and financing,
transit ridership has continued
to decline in 1978 (calendar
year). The 1978 ridership in
B.C.'s major urban area was
100.8 million revenue
passengers, a drop of 3.5 per
cent over 197 and a drop of
seven per cent over 1976.
The figure for all the major
urban areas in Canada as a
whole went up to 1217.5 million
revenue passengers, a 2.55 per
cent increase over 1977.
The biggest decline occurred
in the Greater Vancouver area
mainly due to the following: increased fares; cutbacks in service; labour disputes and strikes;
no proper planning and goals for
improving services and increasing efficiency.
In the City of Vancouver
where the trolleys are the
backbone of the transit system
they were subject to a seven per
Hnim* • •
Is it not passing strange that
the library has Flesch's Why
Johnny Can't Read and Kline's
Why Johnny Can't Add, but not
Kline's Why the Professor Can't
Tom O'Shea,
grad studies
cent decrease in the number of
miles operated.
All in all a sad year for transit
in B.C. and the longer we delay
proper action on transit the
more it will cost us, as it is
harder and more costly to win
back passengers after they
switch back to automobile from
transit. And we lost over 7.5
million revenue passengers in the
last two years.
Nathan Davidowicz
unclassified 5
Disco is
1 just want to express my concerns for these quasi music lovers
who think that disco sucks. I will
agree that there is an amount of
superficiality which one must put
up with when in a disco, but if one
looks around in a disco, with open
eyes and an open mind, he/she will
see a lot of people having a lot of
fun doing every dance imaginable.
It occurs to me that it is only the
hard core rock and rollers who are
so quick to jump on all the other.
types of new wave music which is
not acid rock, rock and roll is here
to stay but so is Beethoven and the
Bee Gees. All music is beautiful so
don't bother deciding that rock and
roll is tough and will beat up on the
disco ducks.
John Travolta
Final Edition, Page 10
Friday, March 30,  1979 Summer employment
I'm on the white list.
Someone puts me to  work.
sanding   hollow   plywood
staining them oak.
I give my notice,
apply for another job.
Maple stain.
Summer employment. So often it's tedious, mindless work
that's a ticket to nowhere. It's
rarely the "challenge of opportunity" and "a career with a
future" that prospective employers advertise. Only the lucky
ones find summer jobs related to
future careers or their current
So, if you're without a job
this summer, you're not alone.
But remember those ominous
words employers try to scare us
with: "Where do you want to be
five years from now?" We're led
to believe that without a self-
fulfilling, exciting summer job,
we're useless members of
society. We're nothings.
UBC's student services office
reports in a January 1979 survey
that 98.7 per cent of UBC
students seeking employment
last summer found jobs. This
sounds overwhelmingly unrealistic and optimistic, and on
closer examination the figures
prove nothing.
From this given total, 96.1 per
cent worked for at least a two-
week period. None of the UBC
students seeking summer employment last year worked
longer than 20 weeks and only
19.4 per cent worked for 16
weeks. Did these students have
career-oriented,    studies-related
positions or crummy shitwork?
The study only lists salaries.
Only 22.6 per cent of UBC's
male undergraduates and 9.4 per
cent of the female undergraduates last summer made
enough money to provide the
minimum amount needed for a
year's university education.
So, it's a vicious circle. No
job, no money. No money, no
education. No education, no
But this year is considered a
good one for summer jobs,
according to Ray Chew,
manager of UBC's youth employment centre of Employment
and Immigration Canada.
Chew says he thinks job prospects for students this summer
are slightly better than last year.
The federal government is encouraging students to register
for employment and advertising
available summer work much
earlier this year, says Chew.
"More students should be
taking advantage of what's
available," he says. "There's
such a wide range of federal
government programs and the
provincial government provides
subsidies. There are also
postings by private employers.
With any kind of effort at all,
students should be able to find a
But students and statistics tell
another story.
"The general unemployment
rate for youth is much, much
higher than the average rate,"
says Chris Gibbons, deputy
chairman of the B.C. Students'
Federation. "Nationally it's 10
per cent, but last year the youth
general unemployment rate was
25 per cent. That's
Gibbons says employers often
use students' inexperience as an
excuse to pay them lower rates
and treat them as second class
citizens. Students are often not
given the opportunity to develop
skills at summer jobs and that's
not justified, he claims.
But Chew says employers do
not treat students poorly and in
many cases specifically ask Employment and Immigration for
students to fill positions.
University students are advantaged because they are
available for summer employment early, he adds.
"There's a general attitude by
employers that students with
post-secondary backgrounds are
valuable members of our
society. They're the logical
choices to replace someone away
Youth work program
WINNIPEG (CUP)—Definiiion of Katimavik:
"It's a program whereby young people between
the ages of 17 and 21 are put to work doing jobs
that are supposedly in the best interests of
Canada, but are in fact, just slave labor."
Another definition of Katimavik: "An action-
learning challenge for young Canadians."
The first definition is from Terrance Regan, a
western field worker for the National Union of
Students. The second one is on the title page of.
the Katimavik promotion pamphlet,
Katimavik is a federally funded program.
Young people in the program work for nine months: three months in a French-speaking comunity,
three months in a coastal province, and three
months in a northern community.
Each participant is paid a dollar a day, room
and board, and $1,000 if he or she completes the
length of the program. Some of the jobs are
challenging, according to program participants
Phil Lee and Jacques Herard, while others are not
very challenging at all.
Herard said painting the YMCA in Thompson,
Manitoba was not fun. A former Katimavik
member said she was not enthusiastic about helping a school janitor, which was one of their projects. But she enjoyed building log cabins in
another project, Lee said building a dam was one
project he found particularly challenging.
According to I.ee, the project was set up to give
young people the opportunity to learn French,
become aware of the Canadian environment, and
io have the option of entering ihe Canadian Armed Forces.
Regan said "Barney's Brown Shins" (the nickname given to Katimasik when it was organized
under Barney Danson, the federal minister of
defence) was set up "to help alleviate the problems of youth unemployment in an inexpensive
way." He felt Katimavik has aided rather than
reduced youth unemployment. For a dollar a day,
plus room and board, people within ihe program
are doing jobs, according to Regan, thai could
employ young people "for at least minimum
Lee said the jobs are not really "makework"
but conceded they would not normally be done
otherwise. He felt the $1 million spent on
each year's projects was not an excessive expense
for the federal government,
Regan also complained about the "primitive"
conditions the participants of the program must
live in. He said they live in isolated places in
Canada, eat cafeteria food and sleep in houses
similar to Armed Forces barracks.
Lee^ told a story about a participant who was
billeted in a home with deplorable living conditions. The women of the house put plates with
food still on them back into the cupboards. As a
result, mold was growing on the plates. However,
Lee said the participant saw the situation as a
challenge and cleaned up the place white she was
living there.
"If they last for nine months, you get $1,000,"
said Regan. Lee agrees that ihe drop-out late is
high. In his own project group, 10 of the original
31 have quit. He auributes this to the incapability
of some members to adjust to ihe physical work
"It's really easy to slip into apathy," Lee said.
He thought some participants did not take the initiative to change projects not going well,
although in other cases, participants went on
strike if they weren't satisfied with ihe situations
in which they found themselves.
One U of W student said she heard from a
friend currently with Katimavik in Dawson City,
British Columbia, who told her he is only sticking
it out until the end of the nine months in order to
collect his % 1,000. The group was supposed to be
building pre-fabricated houses but ihe wood did
not arrive. So, the group is spending all its lime
sleeping and reading.
on vacation and cover up on
heavy workload periods."
Chew says many employers in
the Lower Mainland approach
UBC for summer student
workers because of UBC's long
history and its qualified professional schools. The university
alumni like to employ UBC
students and often call the
campus office to advertise
positions, he adds.
"Many students take the improper view that getting through
the year, and worrying about
exams should be their only
priority," says Chew. He says
student registration for summer
employment is not at all time-
consuming and only requires
about five minutes to fill out an
application card. So students
could easily take time out from
their studies to register, he says.
/ scream
Something growls.
It's the beast.
The beast is no wider
than an application form
sliding across your stomach.
He is as long as history
wrapped around you
like a coat or a belt.
Gibbons says it is not
reasonable to expect students to
begin serious summer job
hunting early with major preoccupations like exams and
claims summer job searching is
indeed time-consuming. Even if
students do begin the search
early, it is difficult to find a job,
he adds.
"Last summer, I started in
early March, and 1 got a job in
early May. It was working at a
pizza joint and things like gas
stations in Edmonton."
Chew says students who look
early enough can afford to be
choosy when seeking summer
work. But those who begin job
hunting in May should be content with anything they can get.
"There are not many UBC
students that have nothing to
offer. This is a good year for
summer jobs because there's a
slightly healthier summer youth
employment program than last
year. There are bigger programs,
slightly more jobs. They (the
federal government) are putting
more money into it."
But most students at the University of Victoria found jobs
through their own efforts and
not with the help of Employment and Immigration, according to the results of a UVic
study released in November.
Twenty-four per cent got jobs by
returning to a previous position,
23 per cent obtained jobs from
friends and relatives, 12 per cent
got a job through Employment
Canada and the rest found jobs
on their own.
The study's summary blames
students' lack of success to find
jobs last summer stating that
"government programs to employ students were less effective,
particularly at the provincial
level." Women students and
those recently graduated from
high school had. a "considerable
disadvantage" finding summer
jobs the reporl: states, and those
with prior ties to the labor
market were the: most successful.
In total, 89.3 per cent of 1,414
students at UVic were in the
1978 summer labor market, a
drop from 89.9 per cent in 1977.
About a quarter of these
students, 25.6 per cent, were
able to finance their education
with their summer earnings. Five
per cent of these students
worked only one to five weeks
and 41.2 per cent were employed
for 16 or more weeks.
Last year, the provincial government offered 2,319 summer
jobs and spent about $6,300,000
on summer jobs, according to
Tom Simpson, regional administrator for B.C. labor
ministry's youth employment
programs. This summer the
figures are expected to be about
the same, he says.
But according to Statistics
Canada, this summer's unemployment rate for students is
expected to be about 20 per cent,
says Gibbons and last summer it
was 17 per cent. In the last
quarter of last year, one job was
available for every 20 people unemployed, according to Stat-
He  is  the  unnamed source.
He is the silence in government buildings.
He is the lines connecting the
in a graph of supply and
He is the initials
in the corners of the cheques
you get back from the bank.
Chew says liberal arts graduates can expect "more than just
a few problems'' getting summer
work. His office has received
student complaints of employers
who pay "super low" wages and
who expect more work per-
See page 26: FINDING
Friday, March  30,  1979
Final Edition, Page 11 From page 3
have your photographs been cropped into ugliness by a news editor? And you, Fran McLean,
Peter Stockland, Judith Michaels and especially Mike Hettinger, how many of your stories
have been hacked into libellous gibberish by overzealous city editors? Gray Kyles, David
Williams, Judith Ince, Robert Jordan and John Woudzia, what happened to the beautiful
prose of your reviews after the fumble-fingered Greg Strong got through with it? Warren
Hodgings, Jason Barton and Bob Krieger, how many of your drawings were censored by the
arch-villain Bocking himself?
"Is it not crystal clear, then, comrades, that all the evils of this life of ours spring from the
tyranny of editors? For myself I do not grumble, for I am one of the lucky ones. But no staffer
escapes the cruel knife in the end. You young porkers, Ingrid Matson and Kerry Regier, you
will scream your lives out at the desk within a year, like Merriiee Robson and David Morton
before you. To that horror we all must come — cows, pigs, sheep, pooftas, everyone.
"Only get rid of the editor and the produce of your labor will be your own. Almost overnight you could become erudite, lucid and free. That is my message to you: Rebellion! I do
not know when it will come, but I know, as surely as I blurrity see this bottle somewhere near
my face, that sooner or later justice will be done. Among us animals let there be perfect unity,
perfect comradeship in the struggle. Alt editors are enemies. All animals are comrades."
At this moment there was a tremendous uproar. While Tieleman was speaking four large
rats, Alayne MacGregor, Doug Smith, Martina Freitag and Maureen McEvoy, had crept out
of their holes and were sitting on their hindquarters listening to him. The dogs had caught
sight of them and it was only by a swift dash for their holes that the rats had saved their lives.
Tieleman raised his bottle for silence.
"Comrades, here is a point that must be settled. The wild and incompetent creatures, such
as cuppies and journalists — are they our friends or our enemies? Let us put it to the vote. Are
cuppies comrades?" The vote was taken at once and it was agreed by an overwhelming majority that cuppies were comrades. There were only four dissentients, Chris Gainor, Ted Collins, Richard Schreiner and Chris Bocking, who was afterwards discovered to have voted on
both sides, not wishing to anger his brother. Tieleman continued: "I have little more to say."
He then talked on for three more pages, but was mercifully edited by the writer of this
Three drinks later old Tieleman died peacefully in his sleep. No one noticed. But they had
not forgotten his ramblings, which gave the more intelligent animals in the news room a new
outlook on life. They saw clearly that it was their duty to prepare for the rebellion he spoke of.
The work of teaching and organizing the others felt naturally upon the pigs, who were
generally recognized as being the cleverest and slimiest of the animals. Pre-eminent among
the pigs were two young bores named Heather Conn and Tom Hawthorn, whom Mr. Bocking
were breeding up for his own twisted reasons. Of the other porkers, the best known was a
tall, fat pig named Peter Menyasz, with round cheeks, twinkling eyes, nimble movements and
a sexy voice. He was a smooth talker and when he was arguing some difficult point he had a
way of hustling from side to side and whisking his tail which was somehow very persuasive.
The others said of Peter that he could turn both black and white into gay.
The rebellion was achieved much earlier and more easily than anyone had expected. Mr.
Bocking, though he had once been a little animalish himself, had fallen on evil days. He had
taken to drinking (ess than was good for him and would lounge behind the editor's desk for
days reading newspapers and eating sunflower seeds soaked in beer. One day he went to
sleep on the press club sofa with a People magazine over his face and neglected to go on a
beer run, so that when evening came the animals were still unfed. At last they could stand it
no longer. Glen Schaefer broke down the door with his head and all the animals began to help
themselves from the fridge. The next moment Bocking and his four henchmen, Geoffrey
Jones, Tim Langmead, Doug Todd and Gary Brookfield, were in the press club, lashing out in
all directions with rolled-up newspapers. Thi was more than the thirsty animals could bear.
Though nothing had been planned, they flung themselves at their tormentors.
Within minutes, Bocking and the others had been ejected from the office and the animals
found themselves in full possession of the newspaper. The pigs now revealed that they had
taught themselves news style from an old pamphlet which had belonged to Bocking's
children, Michael Hambrook, James Schoeninge, Tony Montague and John Doolan. With
some difficulty (for it is not easy for a pig to see when drunk) Tom and Heather wrote on the
walls of the press club the new Commandments: No animal shall wear clothes/ No animal
shall waste a bed by just sleeping in it/ No animal shall abstain from alcohol/ No amimal shall
kill a story/ All animals are equal.
It was very neatly written, except all the words were misspelled, even 'a,' and everything
that should have been downstyle was upstyle. A great cheer went up, but it was drowned by
the lowing of the cows, Tim Ward, David Lee, Peri Mehling, Paul Hodgins, Robert Cameron,
Murray Helmer, Simon Danes. Barrie Jones and Phillip Grehan, who had not written anything
decent in weeks and whose brains were nearly bursting. The pigs coaxed some excellent
features out of them and called for the rest of the animals to come to production night at the
printers'. But when they got there, all the features had mysteriously disappeared.
All through the following summer the work of the paper went like clockwork. But when fall
came and something had to be published, rumors began in the surrounding countryside that
the animals had fucked it up. Bocking complained in various bars that he had been usurped
by a bunch of animals, and though his fellow student editors sympathized in principle, each
secretly wondered how he could take advantage of the situation at Animal Paper. It was lucky
that the owners of the two major papers that were closest to Animal Paper were on permanently bad terms, so neither Eugene Plawiuk nor Mark Tatchell could take over.
See page 20: MASTHEAD
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It's learning to rely on your own mind
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Final Edition. Page 12
Friday, March 30,  197? The year in sports	
SEPTEMBER. . . The new $5.4 million UBC Aquatic OCTOBER. . . Men's field hockey team defeats Cuba
Centre finally   opens, giving us one of the finest facilities 4-1 in international action. . . Negotiations over UBC-
in North America...UBC decides to resume competition SFU football game continue. . . Football team wins Can-
with SFU. ada West.
FOOTBALL . . . goes to national final
NOVEMBER. . . Football team loses Canadian College Bowl final 16-3 to Queen's University, beats Simon
Fraser 22-14. . . Women's field hockey team wins Canadian Interuniversity Athletic Union championship, not allowing single goal in round robin play. . . Women's ice
hockey team wins Isetan Canada Cup tournament in
DECEMBER. . . Rugby team wins first half of Vancouver Rugby Union schedule, competes in second half
for first time ever. . . UBC rowing team wins Nile International Rowing Festival in Cairo, Egypt.
JANUARY. . . National women's field hockey team
starts training at UBC for World Championships to be
held here in August.
FEBRUARY. . . Women's volleyball team finishes second in Canada West competition after close series with
Saskatchewan. . . Women's basketball team finally wins
league game on last weekend of season. . . Swim team
finishes a close second in Canada West.
MARCH. . . Leslie Fortune places second, fourth at
CIAU gymnastics championships held at UBC, Ed Osborne leads men's team with a third and fourth. . . Lee
iJULm        j«.a   *
WOMEN'S ICE HOCKEY . . . goes to Japan
Blanchard wins gold, Peter Farkas silver, Martin Gleavc
bronze, at CIAU wrestling championships. . . Wendy
Hogg wins three gold, Janice Blocka two to lead women's
swim team to fifth place in CIAU championships. Men
finish sixth. . . Men's soccer team defeats SFU 1-0. . .
Intramurals gets boost from successful fee referendum,
promises expanded program next year. . . Rugby learn
wins second half of VRU, beats University of California
at Berkeley for World Cup.
Women catch up with Title IX
Want to see grown men tremble, or make grey-haired executives in charge of million
dollar budgets break down and
sob? Walk into the office of any
men's athletic director at a large
American university and
whisper, "Title IX."
Your strange murmurings
won't remind him of a youthful
fling with the Communist Party
of Ohio or that steamy soiree at
last year's annual convention in
Shreveport. It's even worse.
Title IX is the strange name
for a bill that passed through the
United States congress in 1972,
forbidding any educational institution receiving federal funds
to discriminate in any program
or activity on the basis of sex.
Although Title IX was not
originally  intended  for  sports,
women athletes in the U.S. who
played in fleabox gyms and
relaxed afterward in cold
showers took one look at the
pampered, well-paid football
teams and screamed foul.
Big-time college athletics
became a prime target for the
department of health, education
and welfare enforcers of the Title IX legislation. The obscene
excesses of American college
football and basketball have
come under increased attack for
their consumption of resources
that could support entire
women's programs. The thing
athletic directors feared most,
accountability, has arrived.
Robert Morford, head of
physical education at UBC, dealt
with Title IX when he held a
similar position at the University
of Washington. He said Title IX
"essentially mandates that one
must provide equality of opportunity-—  not  only in  perfor
mance but in opportunity for
teaching and coaching, in opportunity for facilities." He said it
means universities will have to
supply women's programs with
the necessary funding, although
not necessarily equal funding.
UBC will probably never be
subjected to legislation identical
to Title IX, but how well do we
comply with the spirit? Are
women athletes second class
citizens at UBC?
The UBC athletic department
says that, compared with the
American colleges Title IX applies to, we are strictly smalltime. The entire combined
budgets of the men's and
women's program is less than
what the University of Notre
Dame, for example, might earn
in revenue on a televised Saturday afternoon football game.
Excesses and discriminatory
margins are far less at UBC.
The  men  receive about two
Sports centre eyed for UBC
UBC athletes might stand a
better chance to reach international levels of competition with
a new sports centre.
Robert Morford, head of
UBC's school of physical
education, is coordinating a
drive to have a national sports
development centre built on the
UBC campus.
Funding for the centre, which
would become a training centre
for Canada's international level
athletes, would come mainly
from the federal government.
He estimates the total cost will
be about $7 million.
The complex would include a
field house and an all-weather
outdoor playing surface, and
would be located on the south
campus near the winter sports
centre. A sports hall to accommodate   minor   sports   and
facilities for sport medicine labs
and treatment and training
centres would be included.
"The concept is to combine
sport science with sport practice," said Morford. "A viable
centre is needed to combine expertise at the university with a
national sport training scheme.
"UBC has been the staging
area for a lot of national and
international events," he said.
"We want to formalize this into
a comprehensive program that
would benefit the university, the
community and the country."
Morford said the centre would
serve a continuum from the elite
international competitors down
to local youth who will benefit
from the available expertise. He
cited examples in both East and
West Germany, Great Britain,
France and the Soviet Union as
successful attempts to serve this
The Buchanan fitness centre
in the aquatic centre shows the
contribution sophisticated sport
research can make, said Morford. Seconds after a team
finishes training in the fitness
centre, a computer printout is
available showing the
physiological condition of each
"It's the most complete
system in Canada," Morford
Morford has formed a committee to oversee the development of the planned centre, and
is actively seeking funds.
"Everyone has been intrigued
with the idea, but they haven't
yet come through with the
thirds of the $300,000 spent on
athletics at UBC. While comparing the respective budgets in
detail is misleading, some
generalizations can be drawn.
In most of the secondary
sports common to men and
women, money considerations
tend to be identical. Gymnastics,
swimming, track, and skiing are
examples. Allowing for differences in travel costs to national championships in different cities, men and women get
equal consideration in these
It is in the Priority One sports
that men's expenses outstrip the
women's, and the discrepancy is
directly traceable to two sports
— football and ice hockey.
In direct costs, football and
ice hockey cost the athletic
department $71,806 last year,
plus ice rental. In addition, the
contact nature of these sports increases the men's costs in training supplies and in accident insurance. Football and ice hockey
supply the bulk of the $6,500 in
revenue the athletics department
draws from gate receipts.
In fairness, it must be pointed
out a great deal of the cost of
these sports merely reflects the
high cost of being Canadian.
Over three quarters of the cost is
spent on travel to allow the
teams to compete in the Canada
West University Athletic
Association. The men's athletic
committee made the decision
some years ago to play in the
Canadian league rather than in
the Evergreen conference, the
old Pacific Northwest league.
Basketball provides the fairest
comparison, since both men's
and women's teams play in the
Canada West league and have
similar costs. The men's team
has a budget of about $18,000,
and the women about $12,000.
The discrepancy arises in three
areas.   The   men   traditionally
make trips during Christmas to
play games in the Pacific Northwest, which cost about $3,000.
The women's non-league travel
subsidy is $92.
The men have an equipment
budget of $1,000, while the
women spend only $400.
Women's athletic director
Marilyn Pomfret says this is a
conscious decision on the part of
the women's athletic committee.
Rather than spend money on
equipment they would prefer to
have the teams navel.
The third area highlights one
of the problems all schools face
in attempting to establish a more
equitable system. The men spend
$3,000 each year for game officials, while the women spend
$700. The same officials work in
both the men's and women's
games, but they charge the men
a great deal more.
Equality of funding is a
touchy point. The most ardent
supporters of women's athletics
at UBC insist that splitting the
available money equally would
be grossly unfair to men's
athletics, who operate on a
shoestring budget. The other
possibility is increasing the
women's funding, which comes
from the administration and the
Women receive only one third
the money from the administration that the men receive.
However, last year the university
increased the women's allotment
by over 50 per cent while the
men's share increased only
about 17 per cent.
Women's athletics gets only
two thirds of the men's total in
money from student fees, a
discrimination the students have
established over the years
through referendums. Until a
successful referendum two years
ago increased the women's
athletic subsidy from student
fees by two dollars, the women
survived on 80 cents per capita.
Friday, March 30,  1979
Final Edition, Page 13 British Columbia
If the upcoming federal election is a close race — and indica-
lions are that it will be — the nation's eyes will turn to B.C. late
on May 22 as the last ballots are
coumed and the election's last
results come in.
And if B.C. becomes the
kingmaker of the election with
its 28 seats, the odds are that
Pierre Trudeau will be deposed.
of The Ubyssey
Although the Liberals are
hoping to hold the eight seats
they got in 1974, insiders admit
the Grits could lose all but one
of the ridings. The Conservatives and NDP smell blood
and are aiming for a big kill.
An indication of the trouble
the Liberals are in can be seen in
an analysis of the 1974 election
results, when there were 23 seats
before federal redistribution added five more.
The   Tories    took    13,    the
Liberals eight and the NDP two.
But   more   informing   is   the
also-ran situation. The-Conservatives placed first or second in
20 of the 23 ridings. The Liberals
were first or second in 19, but in
four of those were behind the
Tories by at least 20 percentage
points, the NDP. which lost four
close upset vicioi ies to the Grits,
ran   first   or   second   in   seven
The possibility of losing every
seat but Vancouver Centre,where
former   major   and   investment
counsellor Art Phillips will easily
take over from Ron Basford, has
Liberal organizers frantic. Even
more frightening to them was
Trudeau's surly performance in
Vancouver this month, when he
was supposed to build up the
party's sagging image.
Trudeau won few votes at the
University of B.C., where a
rowdy, heckling crowd packed
into a room three sizes too small
easily brought out the prime
minister's volatile temper. After
giving several sarcastic answers
to students' questions and calling one questioner a "creep",
Trudeau regained control and
apoligized. But the damage was
While the Liberals scramble,
the NDP are opting for a low-
key approach, led by Ed Broadbent downplaying the
"socialist" tag given the party
and concentrating on fiscal
mismanagement of the
economy, unemployment,
foreign takeover of B.C.'s
fishing industry, low wage settlements forced by the Liberals'
imposition of wage and price
controls, and basically ignoring
any constitution talk.
The NDP are also taking potshots at the Tories, especially the
inadequacies of leader Joe
Clark, but realize the Liberals'
turf is their's for the taking.
And the "social democrats,"
moving towards middle ground
in the political spectrum, are
counting on three more factors
that didn't exist last election to
help i hem take a good share of
B.C.'s seals.
First, organized labor has
direcily aligned itself with the
NDP. While some fear a non-
labor backlash vote, the considerable funds and resources of
the B.C. Federation of Labor
and Canadian Labor Congress
affiliates in heavily-unionized
B.C. (40 per cent of the work
force) will be invaluable.
The NDP are also counting on ■
picking up a backlash vote of
their own, courtesy of premier
Bill Bennett's Social Credit
government. The Socreds, after
taking the reins of power from
NDP leader Dave Barrett in
1975, have embarked on an
austerity program that has lost
them many votes. And while
they've piled up an incredible
quarter-billion dollar surplus to
spend in the provincial election
year, the federal election will
likely be held before they can
buy back peoples' votes.
The third factor is the Election
Expenses Act, which limits the
amount candidates and parties
can spend on campaigning and
guarantees TV spots to all parties on prime time. It also gives
government subsidies to candidates' campaign chests.
All three factors should aid
the NDP considerably, as well as
work against both the Liberals
and Conservatives.
But going into the home
stretch for a probable summer
election B.C. still remains unpredictable as always. A bad
mistake by either the Tories or
NDP could mean Liberal salvation in the province that gave
them Margaret Trudeau. On the
other hand given current trends
the Liberals could end up with
just one seat, making B.C. the
next western wasteland for the
increasingly rare Grit politicians.
Personal prediction: Conservatives 20, NDP 6, Liberals 2.
The Atla
Unemployment and inflation
will be the number one issues in
all four Atlantic provinces. With
the highest unemployment rate
in the country, and prices continually soaring, the economy
will predominate in voters'
minds in the upcoming election.
Canadian University Press
Energy will also be a major
issue, as voters wonder whether
energy prices will stabilize or
continue to rise. However,
despite politicians' efforts to
push national unity, most Atlantic people either seem to feel
that Quebec will never separate
or simply do not talk a great .deal
about the possibility.
Tradition plays a large part in
how Atlantic people vote, since
they have moved around less
than elsewhere in the country.
At dissolution, the Conservatives had 15 of the provinces' 31
seats, the Liberals 13, the NDP
2, and an independent one. The
Liberals were ahead in popular
vote in 1974.
The results are expected to be
close again this time.
New Brunswick
As in the recent provincia
election, the dispute betweer
naturalists and the timbei
business over spruce budworn
spraying will be a subject o!
debate. The spraying has been i
controversial issue for severa
years, and recent reports of th<
spray causing the death ol
salmon will only provide mon
fuel for environmentalists'
The French vote in northerr
New Brunswick is traditional!;
Liberal and is expected to staj
that way. The Conservatives wil
have a challenge providing
reasons for people to chang«
their votes, especially considering the large number ol
federal assistance grants given tc
the area.
Unemployment will also be e
crucial issue in the north, since
its rate averages 20 per cent.
Leonard Jones, the independent MP from Moncton, will
run again. Jones, a vocal loyalist, was rejected by the PCs, in
the last election, and picked up a
large sympathy vote when he ran
as an independent. The former
Moncton mayor is rumored to
Were last October's byelections a forecast of May 22?
That's the question occupying
organizers for all three major
parties in Ontario.
With redistribution, Metro
Toronto now has 23 seats, and
all three parties agree that Metro
will be the main battle ground in
Ontario during May's federal
Canadian University Press
The Liberals currently have 13
seats in Metro, while the Tories
hold six and the NDP two. The
Progressive Conservatives are
optimistic about their chances in
Toronto after the Oct. 16 byelections, under the leadership of
former Toronto mayor David
Crombie, when they took five
seats from the Liberals. According to the most recent Gallop
poll, the PCs are ahead of the
Liberals in Ontario overall.
In the byelections, the Tories
eliminated such Liberal competition as former Scarborough
mayor Paul Cosgrove and
former University of Toronto
president John Evans. Now they
have their eyes set on the seats of
several cabinet ministers, including energy minister Allistair
Gillespie and secretary of state
John Roberts.
The NDP is also hoping to improve on the two ridings it now
holds in Metro. Toronto and
southern Ontario have been
traditional  centres  of strength
for the party, and York Centre,
York South, York West, and
Etobicoke-Lakeshore are considered potential gains by the
To aid them in their campaign, the NDP now has a bigger
campaign budget than ever
before. More than half a million
dollars will be spent on advertising alone and, for the first time,
the party will be advertising on
According to Ontario NDP
campaign director Gordon
Brigdon, television will help the
NDP campaign considerably.
During the last two or three
weeks of each federal election,
the party's support has usually
slipped two to five per cent
because of television advertising
by other parties, he said. This
should not happen in the upcoming election, since the NDP
will also be launching a television campaign.
Another NDP organizer was
less optimistic, pointing out that
redistribution has not worked to
the NDP's advantage in Toronto. He predicted more gains in
industrial areas in the south,
particularly around Windsor,
and in the north, where speaker]
See page 24: ONTARIO
Final Edition, Page 14
Friday, March 30,  1979 Quebec
returning to the PCs.
The NDP may gain in Fundy-
>yal,  but expect  little  other,
cxess in New Brunswick.
rince Edward Island
Federal    government    de-
ltralization will help the Grits
ng on to one of their two seats
P.E.I.   The   offices   for
:erans' affairs are moving to
larlottetown, and the minister
r veterans' affairs is the
:mber for Cardigan, Dan
tcDonald. The PCs are not
aected to lose the two seats
;y now have, and could gain
; other Liberal riding.
The province is expecting a
Dvincial election soon, but the
"s feel they have it under con-
>1. Currently, the Liberals
ve a one-seat lead in the pro-
tcial legislature, but could lose
in a byelection to fill the one
:ant seat.
The provincial and federal
ctions will undoubtedly show
; anti-Liberal feeling in the
Religion still plays a major
ie on the island, but more so
ovincially than federally
cause of the smaller ridings.
See page 22: THK
Seventy-five seats are up for
grabs in Quebec, and Trudeau's
Liberals say they have a good
chance of getting at least 70 of
them. To observers in Quebec,
however, that does not seem to
be a foregone conclusion. This
could be the year of the dark
of The McGill Daih
Five parties are officially in
the running, four of which say
they will field a full slate of
candidates. The Liberals, Progressive Conservatives and NDP
hope to have candidates in every
constituency, while the Social
Credit party is expected to defend its nine-member stronghold
and not much more. A recent
arrival, the pro-separatist Union
Populaire, says it will have
candidates in ail 75 constituencies.
The latter could be the
monkey wrench in a well-oiled
Liberal machine. To Quebec
voters who have had enough of
Trudeau, think Joe Clark as
superficial as he is thin, and
consider the NDP a wasted
bailot, the b'P may be a reasonable alternative. A poll published in La Presse last November lends credence to this view.
Respondents were asked if they
would support an independentist
party in a federal election, and,
curiously enough, 25 per cent
said yes and 21 per cent maybe.
Thus, the UP.
Liberal pans' communications director Mark Parson said
the Liberal "inside slogan" is 75
for 75, and the party "stands a
very good chance of getting 70
seats." In the 1974 election, the
Liberals were successful in 67
ridings, although that figure has
since been whittled down to 63.
It is assumed that the Liberals
will campaign in Quebec on the
national unity issue. Although
Parsons refused to divulge the
issues upon which his party will
campaign, he suggested that
three possible issues would be
"national unity, energy and the
The PCs received 22 per cent
of the popular vote in Quebec in
the last election. This time
around, said PC general secretary Jean Dugre, "we expect at
least 10 per cent more."
That 22 per cent translated
into only three seats, one of
which has since been lost.
Pressed to give a realistic
estimation of the number of
seats they have a good chance of
winning, Dugre said "maybe
The PCs intend to fund their
campaign to the hilt. Dugre said
they will spend "the maximum
amount allowable in each
riding" in Quebec.
He said the Tory campaign
issues have already been worked
out. Basically, there is but one
issue: the economy. Unemployment and inflation are what
voiers are concerned about, he
said. "People want to know if
there will be jobs for their
Despite a discouraging turnout of less than !00 delegates at
a recent province-wide convention, the NDP still has hopes
in Quebec.
The most encouraging development occurring at the convention was a public declaration
of support for the NDP from
Leuis Laberge, head of the Que
bec Federation of Labor. Laberge, president of Quebec's
largest trade union, said his
organization will support the
NDP in ridings where "we can
expect results."
In the last election, the NDP
received 11 per cent of the
popular vote.
The NDP's chief organizer in
Quebec, Denis Faubert, said his
party is also receiving support
from the Teachers Union and
the United Auto Workers. In
fact, a UAW local president will
be running against Francis Fox
in Blainville-Deux Montagnes,
who Faubert said will give Fox a
run for his money.
This year's campaign strategy,
Faubert said, is to "put a lot of
time in selective ridings." He
said the party will concentrate
on "less than 10" constituencies.
The party platform worked
out at the convention focused on
economic issues as they relate to
social questions: "women and
unemployment, students and
unemployment." There will be a
strong emphasis on women's
rights, Faubert said.
The only party CUP was
unable to contact by the time
this feature went to press was the
Social Credit. That party
decided to split itself along linguistic lines for the federal election, and operate separate campaigns. The Quebec wing is now
in the midst of choosing a
The nine-member parliamentary caucus has asked
Fabien Roy, head of the Quebec
provincial Parti National
Populaire, to join them and
assume interim party leadership.
Roy, currently a member of the
Quebec National Assembly, said
In a province wheie voting
lory is second only io diiwrtg
tor oil companies, there is link
doubt in ihe minds of pohneans
how Alberta will vote on Mav
F'oi the electorate, in all
likelihood, it will be a ease ot dc-
ja vu as rhc> send a full slate of
Progiessive Oonseivative candidates io Ottawa io do battle
over control of natural
of Ihe Gauntlet
Candidates in other parties
ha\e long since learned that col-
lecitn" an election cvetiso
rebate counts as a victory of
The NDP hopes to increase its
share of the popular vote, as
they did in the recent provincial
"We'd like to get 15 per cent
of the vote, especially in the
north which is our strongest
region," said NDP organizer
Noel Jantzie.
The future of the Social Credit
Party is hazy.
A few days after the provincial election, the Socreds held a
convention to organize for the .
federal   election.    Only    15
delegates showed up.
Tory turned Liberal jack
Horner is one of a handful of
candidates who stand a chance
The Prairies
ir scoring against ihe Tones.
Oowl'uot, Horner's uding,
voted two-thirds lory in 1975.
Of ihe iearranged constituency,
about 20 per cent of the \oters
aie Horner supporters, coupled
wiih the fact that PC Arnold
Malonc is extiemcly popular.
Homer's federal political caieer
may be winding down.
I ibcial candidates are campaigning on the aigument that il
is better to have government
repicscnrauon in the Houm: of
Commons than opposition. But
with anti-Irudeau sentiment
running high, there is little
chance any gut will get a seat.
The issue foi "voting" Albei-
lans is (.onirol ot the province's
oil resources. Piemiet Peiei
I ougheed campaigned on that
issue and icicived a stiong mandate which cannot be ignored.
But whether Joe dark's recent
announcement that he would get
"tough" with the multi-national
. corporations who were not acting in the best interests of Canadians will have-an effect on
Albertans who see any development of the province's reserves
as being in the nation's interest is
too early to judge.
The major question in Saskatchewan is whether or not the
NDP will be able to turn their
immense provincial support into
federal representation.
The Tortes are hoping for a
near sweep as a part of their
western strategy for forming a
minority government. And the
Liberal party, which once ran
the nation's smoothest
patronage machine in Saskatchewan, is emitting its death
rattle as Otto Lang heads for his
final unhappy landing.
< anadian Linivwsitj Press
The Progressive Conservatives have swept most of
the Saskatchewan scats since the
long march of John Diefehbaker
in 1958. This is a lough trend io
buck since the Tories are going
to be using many of the same
issues the NDP was able to use
with success in the last provincial election.
Last fall Alien Blakeney ran
as much against Pierre
Trudeau's federal government
as against the clownish provincial Conservatives. The NDP
sweep was a way for the people
of Saskatchewan, particularly
those who had been Liberal in
the past, to send a message to
the government in Ottawa.
This time around they might
send it with Tories instead of
New Democrats.
One of the major stumbling
blocks for the Tories will be the
provincial Tory party with its
erratic leader Dick Collver.
Collver has dignified himself
recently by claiming there are
homosexuals in the Blakeney
cabinet and by demanding their
resignation, although he
declined to name the people he
was speaking of.
The NDP might be aWe to
capture an anti-Conservative
tide on issues which »;Tiave
arisen in recent tilths. The
problems fated by medicare in
many provinces and What some
people see is an attempt by
various provincial governments
to destroy the program is not
likely to go weB in tthe province
where socialized medicine, was
born. (
Allen Blakeney recently exhorted New Democrats, to win
this one for Tommy, referring to
Tommy Douglas, the former
Saskatchewan premier who was
responsible for medicare.
The NDP also hope to pick up
Otto Lang's seat where they are
running a clergyman. Lang is already immensely unpopular in
Saskatchewan for the way he has
handled the Wheat Board.
One of the roughest fights of
the federal election is shaping up
for Winnipe,g-Fort Garry, The
riding is currently held by James
Richardson — the independent
who bolted the Liberal party last
year. Outside of that riding, it
looks as though Manitoba will
be returning the same old Tories
and its two North Winnipeg
New Democrats.
The Fort Garry election will
be the acid test for the Liberal
See paage 21: MANITOBA
he wanted to make sure he had
grassroots support before deciding to take the position.
The Union Populaire, formed
last June, is the unknown
quantity in the upcoming election. Party president Henri Laberge said 45 UP candidates
have already been selected, and
they intend to run a full slate.
The candidates, he said, are a
melange of political and non-
political types, and include Parti
Quebecois members. There are
no formal ties with the PQ party
or government.
One of the most well-known
figures the party has enlisted is
Francois   Albert   Angers.    An
economist, early nationalist, and
prominent figure in the Societe
St. Jean Bapiiste de Montreal,
Angers   is   a   political   figure
familiar   to   most   Quebecers.
Another big name  said  to  be    j
toying with joining the party is    j
federal   Social   Credit   member
Rene Matte. Laberge refused to
confirm   or   deny   Matte's   po-    j
tential candidacy. j
On   the   political   spectrum,
Laberge   said,   the   UP   most
closely resembles the NDP ex-    j
cept   for   the   constitutional
question.   If any of  the  party   !
members are elected, he said, it
is     possible     they     "might    j
cooperate with the NDP."
"The purpose of the party," ]
he said, "is not to realize inde- ■
pendence but to make sure the ;
federal government does not !
interfere if the Quebec people ;
express a desire for independ- j
ence." The U P will be "fighting j
for as much autonomy for Quebec as possible within the
present constitution," he said.
On the question of the referendum, the UP supports the PQ
1 rom pu>f 25: Ql l.Bi-X
Friday, March  30,  1979
Final Edition, Page 19 From page 12
Finally Bocking convinced some of the other cubbies in the area to try with him to retake
Animal Paper. Early in October, when the corn was beginning to pile up on the desks, Carolyn
Jack, Judy Guertler, Bridget McPhail, Heather Watt and Holly Nathan fluttered up from the
Pit and alighted in the news room in the wildest excitement. Having been calmed by the
superhuman techniques of Bill Cochla, Richard Creech, James Young, Michael Hambrook
and Nick Tuele, they (very) breathlessly told the animals that Bocking was coming up the
cart-track that led to the paper with a great many old hacks. There was Pierre Berton, J. V.
Clyne, Malcom MacGregor, Les Bewley, Eric Nicol, George Bowering, Tom Wayman and
even Cam Beck.
With devilish ingenuity, the pigs let loose their own old deadwood on the men. Dick Bale,
Ted Davis, Len MacKave, Mario Lowther and Eric Promislow were sent to fly over the attackers and mute on them from mid-air. Then they released the worst fitms of Bob Bakshi and
Terry Thomas. Finally Anne gave them a Sharp one where it did the most good. Within five
minutes of their invasion they were in ignominous retreat by the same way they had come,
with David Jones, Carol Read and Dave Branson pecking at their calves all the way.
All of the animals were greatly satisfied that they had not even had to release their secret
weapon, the names Biba Tomasin and Sharon Smookler, which would have astonished and
bewildered even the most hardened editor.
There was much discussion as to what the battle should be called. In the end, it was named
the Battle of the Bullshit, since that had been the most obvious feature of the goings-on.
Bocking's em-ruler had been found lying in the dung and it was known that there was a supply of layout sheets in the editor's desk. It was decided to set the sheets up on a flagstaff in the
Larry Green where the animals played football and to lay out staff pictures on them twice a
year - once on the anniversary of the Battle of the Bullshit, and once on the anniversary of
the Rebellion. Except for this, the horrible em-ruler was never to be used to chop an animal's
story or to lay out Greg Strong-style pages for animal's features.
The next winter was a hard one. But Tome, Heather and Peter promised better things as
soon as they knew what the hell they were doing. Though the work seemed just as hard as
ever, the pigs promised that things would soon be better. Then, in the spring, while the
animals were making their way wearily back to their desks from the Pit, the terrified neighing
of cart-horse Finnegan sounded from the news room. He neighed again, and every Mayo
Moran, Dave Ward and Mike Jones ran breathlessly to see what Kevin had seen.
It was a pig with an em-ruler.
zyrd, it was Tom Hawthorn. A little awkwardly, as though not used to holding an object so
large in comparison to himself, he was editing and hacking at stories with wild abandon. Then
they saw Peter Menyasz and even Heather Conn, each with the dreaded ruler in their cloven
hooves, turning the animals' hard-written stories into incomprehensible trash. There was
deadly silence. Verne McDonald felt a nose nuzzling his shoulder. It was McGee. His old eyes
looked older than ever. Without saying anything, he tugged gently at Verne's mane and led
him to the press club, where the Commandments were written. For a minute they gazed at
the wall with its scrawled lettering. The commandments had changed. They read: No animal
shall wear immodest clothes/ No animal shall waste time by sleeping/ No animal shall drink
alcohol immoderately/ No animal shall kill a story unless the paper is tight.
"My sight is failing," said McGee. "Even when I was only a little old I could not have focused my eyes to read what was written there. It appears to me that the press club looks different. Are the Commandments the same as they used to be?" For once, at the urging of
Mary-Ann Sawatd and Marili Moore, Verne consented to say something that made a little bit
of sense and he read to them what was written on the wall. The most striking was the last
Commandment. It ran: All staffers are equal, but some staffers can become editors and be
more equal than others.
Right then, Verne and McGee heard a noise from the editor's desk. They trudged sadly
over, followed by Duane Danillson, Mike Jones and Sonia Mysko. They looked in the win-*
dow, where Tom, Heather and Peter were toasting none other than Mike Bocking and Greg
Strong. They looked from pig to editor and from editor to pig, and from pig to editor again;
but already it was impossible to say which was which.
The Company of the Cross operates three residential
private boys' schools: St. John's of Ontario, St. John's
Cathedral Boys' School of Manitoba and St. John's of
Alberta. We are looking for dedicated staff to teach in
schools where:
• the emphasis is on morality and Christian living
• a demanding academic curriculum is coupled with a
structured work program and an exciting outdoor
program of canoeing and snowshoeing
• the staff live and work together in a self-supporting
Christian community
• the rewards are other than financial
Qualifications: A Bachelor's degree in a recognized
subject or a public school teaching certificate.
The Minister
St. John's Cathedral Boys' School
Rural Route 2
Selkirk, Manitoba R1A2A7
Student Administrative Commission (S.A.C); Student
Representative Assembly (S.R.A.) Commissioners, and
A.M.S. Ombudsperson.
Applications will be received for the positions of:
— Director of Services (SAC)
— Director of Finance (SAC)
— Commissioners of S.A.C. (8 positions)
— Commissioner for Teaching and Academic Standards Committee (SRA)
— Commissioner for Student Housing Access Committee (SRA)
— Commissioner for Programs Committee (SRA)
— A.M.S. Ombudsperson
at the AMS business office Rm. 266, SUB.
Applications close 12:00 Noon on
Monday, April 2, 1979.
Applications may be picked up at
Room 246 and 266 SUB.
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university of
british Columbia
Dot represents
land occupied by
mining (.013%)
The dot
on the map
that's worth
billions to B.C
On a map of B.C., you'd have a hard time making out the area taken up by our
various mining operations ... because ali of B.C.'s mines together account for
only .013% of our provincial land surface.
By way of comparison, provincial roads and highways take up roughly ten times
that amount of land, and saleable forest reserves occupy 20% of the land.
While mining is a relatively small speck on the map, it looms large in economic
terms. It is B.C.'s second largest industry . .. and contributes about a billion
dollars each year to the provincial economy. That total is made up of mining
payrolls, the purchase of materials and services, plus taxes and dividends. Each
year the mines of the Placer group ... Craigmont, Gibraltar and Endako . . .
contribute more than $100 million by themselves.
They are part of an industry that may be the biggest little enterprise B.C. ever had!
Final Edition, Page 20
Friday, March 30, 1979 Manitoba
From page 19
party in Manitoba. Lloyd Axworthy, the sole provincial MLA
for the Grits, recently threw his
hat into the contest. Axworthy
has been a strong supporter of
the prime minister's bilingualism
policies, and has been critical of
Richardson in recent months.
Richardson has not yet announced whether he will seek reelection, nor whether he would
run as an independent or as a
representative of Canadians for
One Canada — an organization
he founded after leaving the
Liberals. Formerly minister of
defence, Richardson left the
cabinet and then the Liberals because he said he would not agree
with the prime minister's stand
on bilingualism.
Richardson's own position on
bilingualism is that there should
be a bilingual Quebec — where
people could speak both French
and English — in a unilingual
Canada where English would be
the only official language.
The Conservatives have yet to
nominate a candidate, but a
number of provincial MLAs
have been rumored as being interested in the seat, including
former provincial leader Sidney
Spivak and backbencher Warren
Polls indicate Richardson to
be ahead in a three-way race
between himself, Axworthy, and
a Conservative. But some people
feel the Richardson family, particularly his brother George, will
try to dissuade him from running. One observer has commented, "it would not be good
for business if the Liberals get
back in, and Jim Richardson has
been screwing' them around in
Winnipeg." There are also some
people who feel that the good
burghers of suburban Winnipeg
might support Richardson's
views but cannot bring themselves to vote for anything as off
the wall as Canadians for One
The Liberals are having problems on other fronts. After the
October byelections, two candi
dates criticized the leadership of
Pierre Trudeau — a heresy so
great that Axworthy managed to
have both of their nominations
revoked. The party is now
beating the bushes for two more
sacrificial lambs.
Stanley Knowles can be fairly
assured of retaining his seat,
while the other New Democrat,
David Orlikow, may have a run
for his money since new developments in the north end of
his riding have changed the
demography and brought in
more suburban, non-NDP
In Winnipeg-Bird's Hill, a
seat once held by Ed Schreyer,
the    NDP    has    pulled    a
manoeuvre that may win the seat
for them. The current MP, Dean
Whiteway, has made much of
his reputation as a fearless campaigner against pornography
and all that is Godless in our
society. Therefore, in the best
tradition of J. S. Woodsworth,
the NDP has nominated Bill
Blaikie, a community minister.
The other seat which the
Liberals held, St. Boniface,
seems to have been lost permanently to them, although the
election will see a rerun of the
battle between PC incumbent
Jack Hare, city councillor Bob
Bockstael for the Grits, and New
Democrat Grant Wichenko.
Come and Meet
— English   Teacher    for    Disadvantaged
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— Helped found Conservative Congregation
— Adopted 12 Ethiopian Falasha Families in
order to help them in their absorption
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Friday, March 30, 1979
Final Edition, Page 21 The Atlantic
From page 19
Nova Scotia
The Liberals in Nova Scotia
plan to keep the two seats they
now have and feel they can get
several more; the possibilities
are Halifax West, where the PC
incumbent won in a byelection,
and Cape Breton-Sydney, where
incumbent PC MP Robert Muir
is losing popularity.
The most interesting competition is expected to be the
riding of Halifax. Both the Liberals, with candidate Brian
Fleming, and the Tories, with
George Cooper, are expected to
be putting lots of time and
money into the race. Since both
are tied to the federal scene —
Fleming works the prime
minister's office and Cooper
helped organize Clark's leadership campaign — the race will be
close. NDP candidate Alexa
MacDonough is a strong advocate of women's rights, and
will give that issue some prominence in the election, while
Communist Party of Canada
candidate Scot Milsome will be
the first CP candidate ever in
The NDP currently holds only
one seat in Nova Scotia —
Father Andy Hogan's Cape
Breton-East Richmond.
Although the Liberals are
running the local mayor against
him this time, that strategy fared
badly for them in recent provincial elections.
PC party president Bob
Coates, infamous for his past
support of the apartheid regime
in South Africa, will be making
Fundy tidal power a major
issue, criticizing the federal
government for dragging its
feet. Coates is expected to stay
the member for Cumberland
and Colchester.
Oil is still a dream of Nova
Scotians and will become a
major issue. The Tories are
talking about abolishing Petro-
Can, while the Liberals are
saying no offshore drilling
would have been done without
Sydney steel modernization is
another promise Nova Scotians
are waiting to see fulfilled.
When he visited Newfoundland, national NDP leader Ed
Broadbent predicted an NDP
sweep. Newfoundlanders seem
reluctant to agree.
The NDP currently has one
seat; Fonse Faour won Humber-
St. George-Barbe overwhelmingly in the recent by-
elections. St. John's West is also
a possible NDP win, since NDP
candidate Tom Mayo vcame
within 1,000 votes of PC incumbent John Crosbie in the last
election. The Liberal vote will
tell the story in that riding.
The PCs are expected to hold
on to James McGrath in St.
John's East and may make a
gain in Grand Falls-White Bay
Labrador. Their candidate, a
native Labradorian, has a good
chance of ousting the Liberal incumbent, whose record in office
is one DREE grant after
The PCs could also pick up a
seat in Bonavista-Trinity-
Conception, where Liberal Dave
Rooney nearly ended up representing his constituency from a
jail cell because of a still-unresolved kickback scandal. The
Liberals will likely hang on to
the other seats.
The economy is the major
issue in Newfoundland. The PCs
are not making a major issue of
the fisheries, appearing to be
satisfied with the federal
minister's performances. Oil
may not become a major issue
this time because the province
has not yet set a definite offshore mineral policy, merely
saying it wants more provincial
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Final Edition, Page 22
Friday, March 30,  1979 This past year
From page 6
unionization drive of UBC's
Association of Teaching
Assistants. The administration
has frustrated union organizers,
refusing to provide a list of TAs
and refusing to even recognize
the" ATA.
Not all that has happened at
UBC this academic year has
been discouraging.
Two of Canada's major
political leaders, Pierre Trudeau
and Ed Broadbent, visited UBC
in pre-election campaigning.
Broadbent was well received and
focussed his attention on issues
of relevance to B.C. voters.
Trudeau addressed a less sympathetic crowd, and showed his
contempt for students by only
answering questions, and tersely
at that. He struck out at hecklers
and seemed generally impatient
and uncooperative. His attitude
makes it easy to understand
where the government's position
on education cutbacks gets its
The Fusion Energy Foundation lost its status as an AMS
organization this year, to the
tune of giggles and scattered applause.
UBC's quasi-cops took a lambasting at the hands of
frustrated students who had to
pay outrageous towing fees and
parking fines.
Stan Persky collected his
Great Trekker award, laughing
at the disgust displayed by both
administration and Alumni
And English students once
again   showed  their  colors   by
almost pushing their Christmas
exam failure rate to the coveted
50 per cent mark.
It was no worse a year than
any other year, and many of the
issues have plagued this institution before. They will certainly
plague it again in years to come.
Somehow students managed
to stumble through the year successfully, mostly in ignorance of
those issues that cropped up.
Apathy lives on in the hearts of
UBC students.
The only significant loss to the
university in 1978-79 was Walter
Gage, one of the people the
university could least afford to
Well, there is always next
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Enquiries from Education and Arts graduates are invited as
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Confederation Life
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See it and others in action at
2071 West 41st Avenue    263-0934
Brewed for extra flavour, extra smoothness and extra taste
satisfaction, John Labatt's Extra Stock is our newest premium
quality product. You'll find it smooth and mellow going down.
Founded by John Labatt in 1828, and still owned by
Canadians, Labatt's is proud to introduce John Labatt's Extra
Stock. It commemorates our 150 years of brewing fine, quality
beer in Canada. It's truly something extra... for our friends.
Friday, March 30,  1979
Final Edition, Page 23 Ontario
From page 14
James Jerome is not safe in Sudbury.
The NDP is relying heavily on
labor support in this election,
and he suggested the amount this
support translates into votes will
make the difference in Ontario.
"If it comes through, we will do
well in southern Ontario. But it's
very, very hard at this time to
The Liberals are hoping that
this spring's election will not be
a repeat of the losses suffered in
last fall's byelections. "The
byelections were very tough for
us," said Donnie Right, a policy
resource person for the Liberal
campaign committee.
But most of the Liberals in the
byelections were new candidates
running for the first time, she
said. This time, many Toronto
candidates are seeking reelection, which is much easier
since they are known to their
A byelection traditionally goes
against the party in power, she
All three parties agreed that
the economy, energy and leadership will be the big issues in Ontario, though they put different
emphases on each.
The Tories, as expected, are
going after Trudeau and the
Liberals' mismanagement of the
economy. "He has to be accountable for a sorry record," says
Walter Green, the communications director for the Ontario PC
campaign, and the Tories plan to
dub him a "one-man band,"
referring to the current weak
state of the cabinet.
In contrast, Green says, Joe
Clark is a "team leader" and the
PC cabinet has more strength
collectively than the Liberals.
Right did not say whether the
Liberals would be going after
Clark, although the possibility is
not remote. Instead, she defended Trudeau. "Well, there are a
lot of people who don't like
Trudeau, but there are more
who do like him."
Both the NDP and Liberals
will be attacking the PC's platform of getting rid of Petro-
Canada, both saying that the
crown corporation is necessary
to   ensure   an   oil   supply   for
But they have different
remedies for curing economic ills
— the Liberals will call for controlling inflation by restraining
government spending and defending  their past  record  of job
creation, while the NDP will
continue its call for a new
economic strategy based on
manufacturing rather than exploiting natural resources.
And the Liberals will have one
other main issue not mentioned
by the PCs and NDP — national
Graduate Studies in Fine Arts
at York University
Two-year programs in Dance, Music, and Visual Arts lead to
Master of Fine Arts degrees at York.
Graduate programs currently include: Dance history and
criticism (also Dance notation, in 1980/81); Musicology of
contemporary cultures; Visual Arts/Studio art — painting,
drawing, sculpture, design, photography, graphics,
experimental arts.
Proposed graduate programs are: Film —- Canadian film
studies and Film production, to Degin September 1979;
Theatre — Performance, to begin January 1980.
For more information, contact: Mrs. Magda Davey, Faculty
of Graduate Studies, York University, 4700 Keele Street,
Downsview, Ontario, Canada M3J 1P3. Phone (416) 667-2426.
Undergraduate degree programs and Summer Studies are
available in all five Departments. Contact the Information
Officer, Faculty of Fine Arts, York University, 4700 Keele
Street, Downsview, Ontario, Canada M3J 1P3.
Phone (416) 667-3237.
We also have openings for:
Temporary assignments by the day,
week or month.
Please Call:
■ H   m   OFFICE
Ook assistance 684-7177
for Key Personnel ww"»  ' ** '
We major in taste.
Our brewmaster's finest achievement
Final Edition, Page 24
Friday, March 30,  197? Quebec
Warning: Scenes of
5.. ■■ gory violence-B.C. Dir
Show times: 1:30, 5:00, 8:30 daily
ALL SEATS $5.00. Free list suspended. Tickets on sale an hour before
show time. No
one admitted after I
show begins.
"The hit thriller of the
Gene Shalit,
"A class act thriller...
ferociously effective."
David Ansen, Newsweek
^A^tee;i*3a^::j*»K;NaSOW»% »ieunvsftoilui<* BRUCE GftSERf'!
^tffiffl!|^ Warning:    Occasional    coarse
m*mmMmV^ language—B.C. Director.
Show times: Odeon 1:00, 3:10, 5:30, 7:40, 9:55.
Sunday: 3:10, 5:30, 7:40, 9:55;
Dunbar: 7:20, 9:30.
DUNBAR at 30th
Show Times:
7:30. 9:30
Warning:   Some   violence,   nudity   and     70 7 W. BROADWAY |
coarse language—B.C. Director. 874-1927
Show Times:
7:20, 9:30
Nominated for 6
Academy Awards
Including Best
Warning: Some suggestive scenes ■
B.C. Director    	
CAMBIE at 18th
[Philippe De Broca's,
Warning:    Some   violence    —
B.C. Director.
Show Times:
7:30. 9:30
In French — English Sub-titles
4375  W. 10th
From page 19
sovereignty-association concept,
Laberge said.
Laberge is optimistic about
his party's chances in the
election. In most of the francophone ridings, he said, the UP
"is in a position to become the
principal opposition party," and
he figures the possibility of
electing "five to 10" members is
not remote.
The other wild card in the
coming election is the PQ. There
has been speculation that the PQ
will actively support the anti-
Liberal vote. PQ party members,  however,  say otherwise.
They argue that it would be
wiser to maintain a hands-off
policy and thus avoid handing
Trudeau a volatile election issue.
That, apparently is the official
party position. Collectively and
publicly that position may well
be respected. But individually
and privately, the 188,000 dues-
paying PQ members (as of October, 1978) are a formidable
voting block. Should party
members decide, riding by
riding, to support the candidate
most likely to  defeat the in
cumbent Liberal (rumor has it
this is unofficial PQ strategy),
Trudeau is in trouble.
He will have become a
prophet in the wilderness of his
own making.
-B Commercial Electronics ltd has always
offered some of the best loudspeakers you
could find in any stereo store.
Three new models from
Celestion IS
strongly support this claim
The Ditton 662 has been
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unit cone excursic.i and gives
increases in low frequency
power handling and low frequency output.
The complete system is
controlled by a 14 element
dividing network incorporating fuse protection for
the treble unit.
The Ditton 551 uses a vented
box design giving significant
improvement in low frequency response compared with
the equivalent sealed box
design. As this form of loading
requires less excursion from
the bass unit, the desired performance can be achieved
with a reduction in bass unit
size. Tone controls are provided which enable the levels of
the treble and mid range units
to be adjusted by up to 2 dB
boost and more than 6 dB cut
as required.
The Ditton 442 utilises a sealed box design which gives
controlled and extended bass
response below the bass resonant frequency of the system.
Inside the sealed box is a second sealed enclosure to
isolate the mid-range unit.
The system is controlled by
a 14 element dividing network
incorporating fuse protection
for the treble unit.
Introducing three new Dittons
Celestion have been designing and manufacturing high quality loudspeakers since 1924, over half a century of
experience in sound reproduction. The three models shown here are the result of combiriing this experience
with the most modern design techniques and materials technology available to the Celestion engineers. Each
model has been designed as a complete system and the drive units have been specifically designed for each application within the three systems. In accordance with Celestion policy the drive units are all manufactured in
the Company's own factories to ensure total control of quality standards. Superbly finished enclosures complete
each system and these, with their specially developed grille fabric, will enhance the most elegant decor. Should
you wish to remove the grilles, the front baffles and drive units are fully finished to give an attractive professional
appearance. Designed for use in mirror image pairs, these loudspeakers have their mid range and treble units
positioned asymmetrically on 'he front baffles to improve their directional characteristics.
The new Dittons are not exactly cheap but this kind of sound
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"Since 1957 only Quality Stereo and Service"
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(Free Parking at rear of store)
Convenient Financing Available
with 90 day interest free Cash Option
Friday, March 30,  1979
Final Edition, Page 25 Finding work is the curse of this university class
From page 11
formance from summer students
because they were only temporary.
Currently, 1,500 students are
registered at UBC's youth employment centre, he says, and
there is an average of eight new
summer listings every day.
Students in applied sciences have
the best job opportunities with
forestry students running a close
second, and some commerce
options are also available,
according to Chew.
For those students who just
will not be able to find any employment this summer, there will
be a special program on requirements and applications for
unemployment  insurance  from
April 3-5, noon to 2:30 p.m.
each day in the campus youth
employment  centre  located   in
Brock Hall.
Until then, grin and bear it.
/ curse the beast.
He prints the curses and sells
them back.
I kick at the beast.
He inflates the prices of my
I refuse to work.
He gives me a number in the
food stamp line,
an employment agency sells
my job for six-weeks' wages.
I consider suicide.
Drug      company      stock
and cemetery lots double.
I phone in my surrender.
There's a crackle in the wires
like grinding teeth.
Secretary on the line. I can
Monday.   Company supplies
the power roars
I bring my own growls.
I agree.
(Poem    Whitelisted,   By   Rich
For every eligible man,woman
and child in the province:
You will share in 81% of
Canadian Cellulose.
You will share in oil and gas
exploration rights in
northeastern B.C.
You will share in 10% of
Westcoast Transmission.
Ownership of our resource industries should
be in the hands of individual British
Columbians. To encourage this trend, your
government is offering five free shares in the
recently-formed British Columbia Resources
Investment Corporation to every eligible
resident of our province. Following are
answers to the most important questions
concerning this unique offer—
Who is eligible?
Every person who has lived in B.C. for the
past year—and who holds or has qualified
and applied for Canadian citizenship—is
eligible for five free shares in B.C.R.I.C.
Those 16 years of age and over should apply
for shares on their own behalf. For children
under 16, application should be made by the
mother or guardian. Infants, born in B.C. on
or before June 15, 1979 and resident here
since birth, also qualify for free shares.
Application, again, should be made by the
mother or guardian.
Free shares are also available to those
ordinarily resident in B.C. who have been
temporarily absent from the province during
the 12 months immediately preceding the
offer, provided such persons are
otherwise eligible.
What do B.C.R.I.C.
shares represent?
The B.C. Resources Investment Corporation
is the holding company for shares held by the
province in a variety of B.C. resource
industries and enterprises. B.C.R.I.C. holds
81% of the common shares of Canadian
Cellulose, 100% of the common shares of
Kootenay Forest Products and Plateau Mills,
10% of the common shares of Westcoast
Transmission, plus oil and gas rights in a vast
area of northeastern B.C.—investments
transferred at a value of over $151 million.
B.C.R.I.C. shares represent partial ownership
of this whole range of enterprises.
How can I apply?
Application forms are available at banks, trust
companies, credit unions and investment
dealers throughout B.C. When making
application, you must present two of the
following pieces of identification: a.) driver's
licence: b.) Social Insurance card; c.) Medical
Plan card. If you are 65 years of age or over,
a Phamnacare card is sufficient proof
of identity.
Mothers or guardians applying for children
under 16 are required to furnish only a
medical plan number or a birth certificate for
such children. Young people. 16 and over.
who have not yet obtained such identification,
may establish their identity by presenting their
birth certificate or other acceptable identification—in person—at the office of their local
Government Agent (or. in the Lower
Mainland, at their local Motor Vehicle
Branch office).
Those unable to apply in person may
delegate a suitable individual to act on their
behalf—that person must utilize a Power of
Attorney form, available where applications
are made.
When does the offer
To take advantage of the free share offer, you
must submit your application by June 15,
1979. Should there be extenuating circumstances—absence from the province
during the application period, for
example—an appeal may be made to the
Ministry of Finance by September 30, 1979.
When do I receive my
Distribution of free shares by B.C.R.I.C. will
begin immediately after British Columbia Day,
August 6, 1979. The person making
application has until September 30, 1979 to
pick up the shares where application
was made.
Can I buy additional
Yes. If you qualify for free shares, you have
the option of purchasing up to 5.000
additional shares at a price substantially below
their underlying value. This price will be
specified on your application form.
No individual or corporation may own more
than 1% of the voting shares of B.C.R.I.C.
(although pension funds may own up to 3%).
Corporations and pension funds, however,
are not allowed to participate in the initial
share issue.
Will I be able to sell
my shares?
Yes. Stock market trading in shares is
expected to commence shortly after the
distribution date . . . and at this point, a
"market value" will be established. However.
it is hoped that a majority of British
Columbians will not only retain, but enlarge,
their share holdings. In this way, they will
participate directly in the continued expansion
of our resource industries, while ensuring that
control of these industries remains in B.C.
You will share in 100% of
Kootenay Forest Products and
Plateau Mills.
What if my shares are lost
or stolen?
The free shares will be "bearer" shares—in
other words, owned by and saleable by the
bearer, and not registered to any individual.
Therefore, there is no protection against loss
or theft. However, each block of 100 shares
or more will be registered in the name of an
individual share-holder (and thus protected).
Because registering takes additional time,
persons planning to purchase blocks of shares
for registration should submit their applications as early as possible. Note: only the
holders of registered shares will be eligible to
vote on company matters and receive
financial information and other communications from the company.
How will B.C.R.I.C. use
its money?
All money invested in the B.C. Resource
Investment Corporation will be used to
further its investment objectives, including
the development of resource industries within
British Columbia.
Other questions?
For further information on the free share
offer—or about B.C.R.I.C. —contact: B.C.
Government Public Information. In
Vancouver, phone 873-3455. In Victoria,
phone 387-6121.
In other areas, information is available
through your local Government Agent.
Province of
British Columbia
Final Edition, Page 26
Friday, March 30, 1979 'Tween classes
Phoenix Jazz Band plays, full facilities, 9 p.m.
International House.
Meeting and slide show, noon, SUB 111.
Derniere reunion, mtdi, la Maison Internationale.
Outrageous gathering with formal dress, 9:30 p.m.,
SUB auditorium.
M.A. Krapiec speaks on Man as an Independent
and Sovereign Being in the Thought of Karol
Wojtyla (Pope John Paul II), noon, Buch. 204.
Pot luck  dinner,   bring  utensils and plates,  8
p.m., Cecil Green park.
Gay spring celebration, 8:30 p.m. to 1 a.m., Grad
Centre ballroom.
Hot flashes
Say good-bye
in party style
Au revoir! Arrivadercil Servus!
Shalom! Auf wiedersehn! Ciao!
Adios! Aloha! If you're taking the
big silver bird back to your native
land, perhaps never to grace the
shores of Lotusland again, International House is throwing a big bash
in your honor. The gargantuan
dinner and dance will be held on
April 6 at 7 p.m.
The sumptuous feast will feature
a selection of tantalizing dishes
from Iceland, the Phillipines, China
and India. After you've gorged
yourself, you can dance off the excess weight by boogying to a five-
piece orchestra until 1 a.m. The
cost for dinner and dancing and an
evening of great company will be a
mere $5. See you there.
1110 Seymour St.
For the disco ducks, there will be
an end-of-exams-final-disco-of-the-
year-at-lnternational-House on Friday, April 20. Admission will be free
of charge to all slick disco hoofers.
Swingin' Dixie
Care to shuffle off to Buffalo?
Are you an old-time swinger? When
someone mentions Dixie, you don't
immediately think of the paper
cups? Then you must be a jazz fan.
If you are already one, or want to
be, or just want to hear and see
what your mom and dad danced to,
find your way to International
House at 9 p.m. tonight.
There will be a dance, featuring
music by the Phoenix Jazz Band,
who regularly perform traditional
jazz at the Hot Jazz Club. Admission will be $2 for non-members
and $1 for members of I.H. Full
lubrication facilities will be
A worn needle can ruin your records
"Free" Inspection
Most popular stylii in stock
1988W.4thAve. 731-9813
Collector's RPM
3623 W. Broadway
Open 12-6 Mon-Sat.        731-3925
Student Discounts
Every Chimo bicycle in
our store comes with
$10.00 of your choice of
Prices start at:
Est. 1930
3771 W. 10th
'The Bicycle Specialists'
Therapeutic Foster Home required in Vancouver for
teenage girl who needs a great deal of firm consistent
loving parenting. Special professional help will be given
the foster parent to help give guidance. Therapeutic
foster home rate up to $900.00 plus maintenance will be
Please call
Dorothy Bennett (294-4844)
Ministry of Human Resources.
DON'T FORGET. Larry Norman Band
Friday,April Sth. Queen E. Theatre
Tickets at VTC. The Hock and Religion furion!
Calender ot events. Tel: 689-3098.
Dances every Friday and Saturday ii
Vancouver's finest ballrooms.
gay spring disco!
grad centre ballroom; full facilities; 8:30 p.m.-1:00 a.m.; $2
Students; $2.50 Visitors.
April 20th 9 p.m.-1 a.m.
Members 50c
Non-Members $1.00
International House:
The Phoenix Jazz Band
tonight at 9 p.m.-full facilities
$2 non-members
$1 members
For more information    228-5021
Stars in
Sub Theatre $1.00
Tues. April 3rd
Sub 205
10:00a.m.-2:00 p.m.
Free public concert
and lecture
UBC Department of Music
A lecture-discussion by one of Canada's
top concert pianists
In addition to talking about his approach
to  performing.   Dr.   Silverman will  play
piano selections by Rachmaninoff and
Ravel, among others.
Lecture Hall 2, Woodward Building,
UBC. Saturday, March 31 at 8:15 p.m.
will be selling all books remaining from the science
bookday unless they are
picked up prior to April 5.
11 — For Sale — Private
prices for ice skates, hockey, soccer,
jogging and racquet sports equipment. 733-1612. 3615 West Broadway,
Vancouver, B.C.
PENTAX SP500, $140. Pentax telephotolens 3.5, $70. 1976 Rabbit, 41,000 miles,
manual, new radials, $3,700. 731-0355.
I97J VW WINDOW VAN, good cond.,
rebuilt engine, semi-camperized, $2900
or offers. 224-9269.
CANON AT-1 w/ FD 50mm fl.8 S.C.
lens, case incl. Call Mark, 980-9189.
Need a Graduation Dress?
Bring your fabric and patterns to
Special Offer: $25.00 to
make your dress. Offer expires 30 March, 1979. By appointment only: 734-5015.
15 — Found
SINGLES, Doubles, available now. 3380
Wesbrook. Phone 224-9679 after 5
Ask  for  Greg  or  Mike.
Male  and  female  SINGLE  VACANCIES
in Total Park, Place Vanier and Gage.
Also low rise vacancies. Contact tbe
Student Housing Office in the Ponderosa. Monday to Friday, 8:30 a.m.
to 4:30 p.m. or phone 228-2811.
ROOMMATE   WANTED:  For  May  and
June to share spacious furnished two-
bedroom apt. Eighth and Alma. $150
per month. Must respect a Kosher
kitchen or be vegetarian. Phone
Richard between 5:00-7:00 p.m. 224-
6362.  Messages, 3240677.
SUMMER SUBLET, clean bright suite
in house 1st and Alma. Suitable for
two, $280. 736-1776, May lst-Sept. 1st.
25 — Instruction
EXOTIC JOBS) Lake Tahoe. Cal. ILittle
exp. Fantastic tips pay $1700-$4000.
Summer. 35,000 people needed in
casinos, restaurants, ranches, cruisers, river rafts. Send $3 95 for info
to LAKEWORLD, HD Box 30129,
Sacto, Ca. 95860.
JOBS M/F. Sailboats! Cruise ships! No
experience, high pay. See Carribean,
Hawaii, Europe, world! Summer
career. Send $3.95 for info to Sea-
wnrld, HD Box 60129, Sacto, Ca.
MAILORDER MARKETING! No experience necessary. Send self-addresset,
stamped long envelope, P.O. Box
166, Surrey, B.C., V3T 4W8.
SUMMER JOBS in B.C. — Clerical,
labour, skilled, unskilled, northern
and local. Apply now! Send $3.00 for
Summer Employment Guide.LMES-UB,
Box 7810, (Sta. A) Edmonton, Alta.
T5J 3G6.
Graduate of a recognized
forestry program who has
exp. in sales and/or forestry.
Preference given to those
with reforestation
background. To service existing accounts and create
new accounts in B.C. and
the Prairies. Exc. potential
salary. Call Christine Moore.
REWARD: For return of 2 binders of
law notes lost at main library. Phone
Tony 261-8697.
LOST — Girls watch (gold band) Sat.
Open House, sentimental value. Please
call   263-0423.
BRIEF CASE, brown in SUB last week.
Phone 228-3279 or 224-1539.
$30 REWARD! Hammered gold wedding
ring lost (10th and Trimble?) Great
sentimental  value. 733-7603.
LOST —. One lare male black Labrador.
White crest on chest. Please phone
Roy, 278-7415.
LADIES ANTIQUE silver watch. 15 Mar.
between SUB and bus stop. Reward,
40 — Messages
IF IN STEREO I'm aware of you too.
Can't afford the six million, but love
to you and the moose anyways.
FORESTER, 38 yrs. wants to get acquainted with well educated Christian
girl, 24 yrs. up. Must Ike classical
music. Write C.C.J.L. 405 East 28th
Ave., Vancouver, V5V 2N2.
THE DANCE with a difference! —
Gay Spring Disco — Friday, April 6,
Grad Centre Ballroom, 8:30 p.m.-
1:00 a.m. Full facilities. $2.00. Students,  $2.50 visitors.
70 — Services
WEDDING Photography Specialist.
Complete professional coverage at
very reasonable rates. Call for consultation at your convenience.
732-9651  eve*.
RESUME SERVICE. Expertly prepared
excellent rates. Yvonne Patrick Steno
Service   Ltd.   594-7722.
GRADUATION portraits, top quality,
reasonable, prices Also weddings at
affordable prices. Stuart Greene Photography. 263-9404.
Permanent Hardcover Binding
Gold Lettering
Reasonable  Cost
Monday-Friday, 9:30-3.30
224-3009 929-2706
IF INTERESTED in tutoring. Italian
Cultural Centre is looking for tutors
for all subjects and grades. If you
have a teaching certificate or about
to get one please phone 430-1541 and
ask for Eljo or John.
85 — Typing
TYPING — 75c per page. Fast and accurate by experienced typist. Gordon.
FAST     efficient     typing.
rates.  266-5053.
TYPIST. Reports, essays, term papers,
etc. Also transcribes standard cassette tapes. Reasonable. June
682-4870  after 6:00  p.m.
TYPING. Essays, theses, manuscripts,
including technical, equational, reports, letters, resumes. Fast, accurate.  Bilingual.  Clemy 324-9414.
CHEAP  Cabin  wanted  at  Whistler  19
March-1  April.  872-7384  or  228-0779.
99 — Miscellaneous
Rent  cabin  day/week  7324174
GAY SPRING oomes Friday, April 6
at the Grad Centre Ballroom. See you
there. GAY/UBC.
ATTENTION: Openings available at the
Child Study Centre for children ages
3, 4, and 5, for both summer and winter sessions. Apply immediately if
interested. Phone 228-6328 for further
AFRICA — Overland expeditions London/Nairobi     13     weeks.     London/
Johannesburg 16 weeks.
KENYA SAFARIS—2 and 3 weeks.
EUROPE — Camping and hotel tours
from 4 days to 9 weeks.
For     brochures     contact     TRACKS
TRAVEL, Suite 300  562 Eglinton Ave.
East, Toronto, Ont. M4P 1B9.
,r^  4538 W 10th
224-9112 or 224-5858
The Planning Student's Ass'n. (PSA) conducted a referendum in August, 1978, regarding passage of its Constitution. The Constitution stipulates that "PSA fees shall be
$10 per year", This amount shatl be levied
against all PSA members in the 1979-1980
academic year. For further information
please contact:
RAY OHRNER, President
Planning Student's Ass'n.
Telephone: 4409
all its
a really
Friday, March  30,  1979
Final Edition, Page 27 Objectivity difficult in filming protests
From page 4
of a steel bow, and not only that
but the danger of being
swamped by waves was there."
Precious said it was very difficult to keep his objectivity
toward the Greenpeace crew
when he was filming. "It's hard
to be objective especially at
times when your life is in their
hands. You're depending on an
awful lot."
Precious said he is working on
another Greenpeace film about
the seal hunts entitled The Rites
of Spring. "It's a technically
better film, but it's a bit too
political for the CBC (to buy)."
The 58-minute film, which
took three years to make, features personalities such as
Brigitte Bardot and the late
California congressman Leo
Ryan   at   the   seal   hunting
Indian status counts
From page 4
gram is financially easy to get into because their tuition and expenses are paid for by the federal
Department of Indian Affairs,
but non-status Indians have it a
little tougher.
Thomas, a non-status Indian
himself, said he had to get student loans to be able to afford
the program because the government doesn't supply any money
for non-status Indians to take it.
Because serious financial problems are experienced by some
native students, NITEP students
have established a NITEP
emergency fund which awards
grants to "deserving students."
grounds, as well as shots of
Greenpeace confrontations with
seal hunters.
Precious has also been filming
in Bangor, Wash., where several
demonstrations against the construction of the Trident nuclear
submarine base have occurred.
Precious said one reason why
he is leaving UBC to go back
into freelancing and filming is
that "in this business when you
say no to someone (about a job)
they don't phone you back."
Though the number of jobs
for students in film appears to
be growing with the film industry in B.C. the film department still remains small, with a
graduating class of between six
to 12 students. "The film department will grow a bit. It's
limited simply because the interest is limited, but we do intend to have a master's program," said Newton.
7:30 p.m.
- 9:45
1:00 —
3:00 p.
Big or
Small Jobs
2060 W. 10th,
• 30 point check
• All adjustments
• Lubrication
Get you bicycle out of
storage, and wheel it
into us.
Est. 1930
3771 W. 10th
'The Bicycle Specialists'
For our visitors a warm
welcome can be just as
important as fantastic scenery
or exciting cities. And that's
where you come in-with
a smile and attitude that
says loud and clear: "I'd like
to help make your stay a
pleasant one."
Making visitors feel
welcome is vital to the continued growth of tourism
in Canada.
Like thousands of students across Canada, you
may depend on seasonal
employment in Canada's
tourist industry to help pay
for education and living costs.
And it's obvious that this
source of income relates
directly to the number
of tourists who travel and
vacation in Canada i.e. more
tourists... more jobs!
Each welcoming smile
and handshake fosters
national unity and international goodwill and helps
protect a source of income
for almost a million Canadians... and that could
mean you!
It's worth keeping in
mind the next time a visitor
asks you for directions or
help—because tourism is
important to all of us.
Canadian Government     Office de tourisme
Office of Tourism du Canada
So much to go for.
Final Edition, Page 28
Friday, March 30, 1979, SUBFILMS LAST
Thurs., Sun. 7:00
Fri., Sat. 7:00 and 9:30
Filmsoc recorded
message 228-3697.
See you next year!
is simply outrageous !!
, - Luncheon Smorgasbord
Authentic Chinese Cuisine
from 4:30 p.m.
t 10% Discount on alt
cash pick-up orders
2142 Western Parkway
i.L. Vancouver. B.C.
23 04 W. 4«> AVE.    733-3713
'An eating experience not to be under
estimated as one of the best mexican restaurants north of California.' Thats what
it is all about!
Open For Lunch
Open Till 2:30 Weekdays
3:30 Weekends
12:30 Sundays
738-9520        I  DOWNTOWN
or 738-1113     I   1359 Robson
361» w. Broadway J       688-5491
Dining Lounge - Full Facilities -
Take Out or Home Delivery
Late delivery cat! >/2 hour before closing.
Welcome to
my house!
11:30 a.m.-l a.m.   j
SUNDAY 12-10 p.m.
2291B W.BROADWAY    734-4424
11:30- 3:00 Mon. - Sat.
5:00 - 1:00 Mon. - Sat
5:00 - 11:00 Sunday
Hong Kong
Chinese Food
(Self Serve
pfr-      Eat in and Take Out      #jr
4:30 p.m. TO 9:30 p.m.      P*>
Phone: 224-6121 ;£
3525 W 4th at Collingwood
Pancake House & Restaurant
Breakfast Special
2 eggs, pancakes
with bacon or sausage
Chargex Accepted
i    VISA'
Hours: Mon.-Fri. 9:00-11:00
Sun. & Holidays 9:00-8:00
2741 West 4th Avenua
Salad Bar * Caesar Salad
Charbroiled Steaks * Seafood
Licensed Lounge
Free Delivery
Open Daily from 11 a.m.
SUNDAY from 4 p.m.
4450 W. 10th Ave
224-3434 224-6336
4510 W. 10th Ave.
a bad day
with us.
Friday, March 30,  1979
Final Edition, Page 29 ▲
IM the sun
■» ,        «
•""ttaeaj gerome ragnijames rado „jkhjsgalt MacDERMOT
A CIP Feature Panavision*Technicolof* [ Original Motion Picture Sound Track Album on RCA Records 4 Tapes]
nniDOtBYSTTCoT'Four-Tfadt Stereo T!tt5*S5S
CanngMeiinuniNtfMttsCsrporMNM MnfMsnwntd
Warning: Occasional nudity—B.C. Director
GRANVILLE at 12th 733 2622
The more
you love...
the harder
you fight.
Based on a story by FRANCES MARION -Produced by DYSON LOVELL- Directed by FRANCO ZEFFIRELLI
ncieasea inru
T United Artists
A Transamerica Company
Final Edition, Page 30
Friday, March  30,   1979 I
Showtime Information 681-4255
sold more records
than any singing
group in the world.
Evenings 7:30. 9:30
Matinee Sat., Sun.
The movie
will show you
■ GRANVILLE al 12th
Warning: Occasional nude and suggestive scenes
-B.C. Director
7:30, 9:30
3:15, 5:20, 7:25, 9:30
Friday, March 30, 1979
Cum Eastwood
Which Way
But (loose'
Warning: Frequent coarse language, occasional
nudity—B.C. Director.
WALT DISNEY productions'
2:15, 4:05, 6:00, 8:00, 10:00
Neil Simon's   admission $3.00
Detective^    suite
Detective 7:30, Suite 9:15
Final Edition, Page 31 I
-iff^a j£S
down too
If any store says they can match the prices at A & B Sound,
ask if they are willing to match our guarantees.
You'll find that most stores will only give you the
manufacturer's warranties. And maybe an address in
Eastern Canada or Japan to write to if you need service.
But at A & B Sound we back what you buy.
With a 90-day 100% Credit Trial Plan. A One Year Speaker
Improvement Plan. Complete In-Store Service Department.
A&B Sound's 90-day 100% Credit Trial Guarantee assures
you of satisfaction. You have 90 days to live with your sound
system and hear whether it meets all your needs.
A&B Sound's One Year Speaker Improvement Plan assures
you of a year to live with your original choice and get into good hifi.
You use your speakers for a year and, if you wish, upgrade with
a credit of your original purchase price.
Our In-Store Service Department guarantees prompt attention
to your problems (should you ever have any!)
You'll get our guarantees when you buy any of A & B Sound's
recommended music system "packages" like the one shown here.
Any purchase other than records and tapes. We ask
you to decide on any piece of hi-fi gear — tape deck,
automotive sound, complete systems, TV or video
recorders. After you have made your deal, present
this coupon for a further 5% reduction, whether it's
a sale item or not This is only available through The
UBYSSEY to the U.B.C. population. Sorry, this does
not apply to prerecorded tapes and records.
BUDGET CLASSICS    thousands of titles to choose from
| 6172 2 HOT -
> 6184 LOVE TRACKS -
• 3039 BACKLESS -
• 7118 CRUISIN' -
• 6175 EQUIN0XE -
(2 LP. SFD
OPEN UNTIL 9 **-* *««-*
Final Edition, Page 32
Friday, March 30,   1979


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