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UBC Publications

The Ubyssey Mar 27, 1992

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Array !>— -*
THEUBK8EY
UN-
Things to absorb
in the woof of your
daily lives
k
^  Founded in 1918
Vancouver, B.C., Friday, March 27,1992
Vol 74, No 43
BC government
freezes tuition
by Martin Chester
VANCOUVER(CUP)—The BC
NDP government has made good
on its election promise to freeze
tuition fees.
In the government's first
budget speech on Thursday, finance minister Glen Clark announced a 4.3 per cent increase of
funding for post-secondary education and a one-year freeze on
tuition fees.
The freeze ends a ten-year
period in which tuition fees have
increased 190 per cent at universities and 254 per cent at colleges.
In the same period, inflation rose
77.5 per cent.
"The freeze will apply
through the next academic year,
including both September and
January registration periods,
during the time we're doing a
comprehensive review of barriers
to post- secondary education," said
Tom Perry, post-secondary education minister.
"We feel good about this," he
said. "We're fulfilling a campaign
promise we made and, given the
difficulty students have had with
the Canada Student Loans and
our inability to change things on
a federal level, I think this will
help students."
Opposition education critic
David Mitchell could not be
reached late Monday for comments.
BC chair-elect of the Canadian Federation of Students
Jaquie Best said the tuition freeze
is a victory for students.
"Ifs a clear sign of success for
an issue students have been rallying for two years," Best said.
"We were concerned a couple
of months ago because it didn't
look like it was going to happen,
but there was a rallying around
the issue and we forced the government to keep its promise," she
said.
The CFSorganizedapost-card
writing campaign which, Best said,
influenced the government.
"Given the increases we were
going to have, there are students
who will be able to attend colleges
and universities who otherwise
would not have been able to," Best
said.
"We're not clear on how the
government intends to apply the
tuition freeze. Itis crucial that it is
applied without a detrimental effect on the quality of education,"
she said.
Perry said the government will
also be increasing the spaces
available across the province by up
to 3,000.
"The budget speech is saying
we're adding 2,832 more positions
across the system and [the ministry] thinks we're addi ng a few more
than that," he said.
Best said the increase in
spaces is a start, but the CFS is
still concerned that 10,000 students were turned away from post
secondary institutes in BC.
"Ifs a step in the right direction, but we're expecting a continued increase, we have to have a
continued increase for the rest of
the term of this government," she
said.
The budget calls for two per
cent increases to the subsidies to
cover inflation and an additional
two per cent to make up for the
revenue loss ofthe tuition freeze.
Students for Fair
Treatment rally
Students gathered on Wednesday afternoon to support the strike and
voice their opinions on recent actions
by their student representatives.
PAUL GORDON PHOTOS
Vice president Carole Forsythe
speaks for the AMS.
CUPE concludes with call for resignations
^ *■    by Sharon Lindores
The picket lines are down, the
"■*■ strike rallies are over and according to the administration it is
business as usual at UBC. But
returning support workers resume
work with mixed emotions. CUPE
^. K   will now re-evaluate the strike.
The collective agreement was
■•»- ratifiedWedne8day,withlocalll6,
79 per cent in favour and local
2950, 83 per cent in favour. Many
staff members are disappointed
with the final offer, in which the
^ > university did not offer any of their
own money for pay equity.
I*«- The agreements accepted will
see members of local 2950 receiving 8.85 per cent and local 116
members receiving 8.4 per cent
both over three-year contracts. Pay
equity increases of five per cent
over three years were made avail-
-^ able through the provincial
government's general policy.
CUPE national representative
Joe Denofreo said, "Our members
feel strongly that they were forced
into a settlement by economic and
political pressures. We were subjected to numerous injunctions and
other union-busting tactics."
Many CUPE members are
angry about the administration's
practise of hiring replacement
workers and encouraging management and students to do union
tasks.
Ann Hutchison, local 2950's
vice-president said both locals are
calling for Strangway's resignation and vice-presidents Daniel
Birch (academics) and Bruce
Gellatly's (administration and finance) resignations. They also
want the Board of Governors revamped to better represent the
community's interests.
"We are calling for resignation
on the grounds that they have not
shown themselves [the administration] responsible in the governance of the university. It is not
just how they treated us or the
students or the faculty with deliberate ambiguous policies, but the
authoritarian approach they have
taken over a period of time,"
Hutchison said.
"The feelingyesterday was one
of anger towards the administration. A number of members were
satisfied with our efforts, but not
satisfied with the offer. I think
that's coming out, seeing the intransigence ofthe elite."
Hutchison was pleased with
two non-monetary benefits, an
expedited arbitration, and job
evaluations. The arbitration will
allow the quick resolution of certain
disputes not in the agreement. The
arbitrators are Vince Ready and
Judy Korbin. The job evaluation
should result in a wage structure
based on gender neutral job
evaluations, although the union
recommended an earlier implementation date, they are satisfied
with April 1995 because it will be a
long process.
Hutchison said the strike was
a liberating experience for many
women and helped to strengthen
the locals.
Denofreo said "One ofthe good
things to come out of all this is a
strengthened and unified force of
two CUPE locals—a force better
poised for future negotiations."
The administration was not
available for comment.
Agreements
The General Wage Increase
and the Pay Equity payments
shall be paid on a flat dollar
amount on all classifications (Pay
Grades and Steps) rounding off
to below 0.5 dollar down and 0.5
dollar and above up. The increases are as follows:
91/04/01
Increase
92/03/31
92/04/01
crease
93/01/01
93/04/01
crease
93/04/01
94/01/01
94/04/01
Local 2950
3.85% General Wage
1.0% Equity   ■
2.0% General Wage In-
1.0% Equity
3.0% General Wage In-
1.0% Equity
1.0% Equity
1.0% Equity
Local 116
Targeted equity shall apply to
pay grades one through ten (in-
clusive)and all female dominated
classifications above pay grade
ten. This covers approximately
52 per cent of the bargaining
unit. A number of pay grade positions will be reclassified.
91/04/01 3.4% General Wage Increase
92/03/311.0% Targeted Equity
92/04/01 2.0% General Wage Increase
93/01/011.0% Targeted Equity
93/04/01 3.0% General Wage Increase
93/04/011.0% Targeted Equity
94/01/011.0% Targeted Equity
94/04/04 1.0% Targeted Equity
A signing bonus of $250 will be
paid to all employees who were
members ofthe bargaining unit
as of March 1,1992. Classifieds 822-3978
RATES: AMS Card Holders - 3 lines, $3.15, additional lines, 63cents, commercial ■ 3 lines, $5.25, additional lines
80 cents. (10% discount on 25 issues or more) Classified ads payable in advance. Deadline 3:30p.m., two days before
publication. Room 266, SUB, UBC, Van., B.C. V6T1Z1, 822-3978.
05 - COMING EVENTS
THE VANCOUVER INSTITUTE
Free Public Lecture
Saturday, Mar. 28
Professor Theodor Meron
School of Law
New York University
SHAKESPEARE'S HENRY V
AND THE LAWS OF WAR
Lecture Hall 2, Woodward IRC
at 8:15 p.m.
10 - FOR SALE
Commercial
WHOLESALE PRICES! High quality t-
shirts, 100% cotton, blk or wht (min. order
20). Phone Mark 420-3576.
25 - INSTRUCTION
LEARN FLUTE of piano for fun & relaxation in your spare time or follow the Royal
Conservatory Program. 266-1096.
30 - JOBS
LOOKING FOR AN EXCITING job this
summer? Cain valuable real world exp. with
a chance to earn $ 10,000 or more. Call Works
Corps at 298-7429 or 1-800-666-4992.
CHATEAU LAKE LOUISE boutique req.
exp. sales person. Must be fully proficient in
both English & Japanese, written & spoken.
$7 & up/hour. Please send resume by FAX
(604) 683-5267.
PAINTERS/FOREMAN full-time, experience necessary. $8-15 per hour. Call Alumni
Painters 983-2512.
70 - SERVICES
OVERCOME SHYNESS AND ANXIETY
Speak up more in groups
A 4-8e88ion training program (free)
offered as part of counselling research.
Please call 822-5259 NOW!
SPECIAL STORAGE RATES
FOR STUDENTS
AT KITSILANO MINI STORAGE
Two locations: 2034 W. 11th between
Arbutus & Maple, 736-2729
or 1850 York Ave at Cypress
& York, 731-0435
We rent Ryder Trucks and sell boxes &
moving supplies.
* AMS WORD PROCESS-ZING *
DONT PANIC — ON CAMPUS
Don't waste your time running
all over town!
APA, MLA, theses, resumes ...
No problem.
MIRACLES PERFORMED
UPON REQUEST.
Room 60, Student Union Building
Or phone: 822-5640
Mon-Thurs: 9 - 6; Fri: 9 - 5
Deadline for submissions: for
Tuesday's paper is Friday at
3:30pm, for Friday's paper,
Wednesday at 3:30pm.
NO LATE SUBMISSIONS
WILL BE ACCEPTED.
Note: 'Noon"* 12:30 pm.
Friday, March 27th
School of Music. Concert:
Collegium Musicum. John Sawyer, director. 8pm, Recital Hall,
Music.
FREE
SCTIi
Kaplan Course
LSAT GMAT MCAT GRE
DAT SAT TOEFL OAT
To Find out How Call
734 - TsEsStTs
2880 West 4th Avenue
f STANLEY H. KAPLAN
JL Educational Center of Canada Ltd.
Moving or sending your personal items or
effects back home? Is money a facto--? PAC
FAST FREIGHT SYSTEMS can help you
with all your shipping requirements both
domestically and internationally. We are a
freight wholesaler to the moving industry
and for the first time ever are offering our
wholesale freight service and pricing to the
public sector. Our company specializes in
packaging personal effects to be able to ship
through our network of freight camera. The
bottom line is no minimum changes and a
price that is 1/2 the cost of traditional Van
lines. Call around for comparisons: but for
more information and the best price in town
call 293-1188.
80 • TUTORING
FOR EXPERIENCED tutoring & assistance in your university/college course work
in English, ECT, social sciences, humanities
courses and in ESL conversational & written,
please contact RAJ ph: 669-1157; message:
669-5641.
85 - TYPING       ~~
PROFESSIONAL TYPIST. 30 years exp.,
WD Process/typing, APA/MLA, Thesis. Student rates. Dorothy, 228-8346.
School of Music. UBC Opera Theatre: ARLECCHINObyFermccio
Busoni and AUNT CAROLINE'S
WILL by Albert Roussel. French
Tickner, Director. 8pm, Old Aud..
Saturday, March 28th	
School of Music. UBC Opera Theatre: ARLECCHINO by ferruccio
Busoni and AUNT CAROLINE'S
WILL by Albert Roussel. French
Tickner, Director. 8pm, Old Aud.
Vancouver Institute Lecture Series.
Theodor Meron on "Shakespeare
and the laws of war." 8:15pm, IRC
2.
CAMPUS WORD PROCESSING. Laser
print Fast Professional service. Excellent
results. $2/pg. Phone 224-7860.
EXPERT WORD PROCESSING using
MS Word 5.0. Documents of all types.
Audiotape transcription. $2.2bVdbl sp. pg.
($4.50 single spaced). Dot-matric output
Fax service. Close to campus at 4th &
Dunbar. Call Rick anytime at 734-7883.
QUALITY WORD PROCESSING, laser
printer, student rates. Pis call Agnes, 734-
3928.
LASER-PRINT YOUR RESUME & cover
letter; fast, professional quality & reasonable rate. Call TONY 322-6134.
JEEVA*S OFFICE SERVICES
Special Student/Faculty Rates
($2.50 ds reports & thesis only)
876-5333 — 201 - 636 West Broadway
685-7303 — Harbour Centre Downtown
Visa & Mastercard accepted
99 - PERSONALS
SNIPER,
To hunt with you again has put the air back
under my wings-even when it was only the
pig we saught Looking forward to our expedition by the water this weekend. Ill
perch on your arm any time.
FALCON.
Tuesday. March 31st	
AMS Council Meeting. 6:30pm,
SUB Council Chambers.
Wednesday, April 1st	
Ubyssey Staff Meeting. Important items on the agenda. Noon,
SUB 241k.
You've read it!
Now write it!
Join The Ubyssey at
SUB 241k.
WORK IN FRANCE
OR/THE U.S.A.
TRAVEL CUTS
Lower Level, S.U.B.
822-6890
RED LEAF RESTAURANT
0
LUNCHEON SMORGASBORD
Unique Traditional Chinese
-^    Cooking on Campus        'Z*
LICENSED PREMISES
10"., DISCOUNT
on cash pick-up order*.
2142 Western Parkway,
University Village
228-9114   r—^f fk^
DISCOVER THE
COMPETITION
low low prices
• free services
• laser printing
JD FLOOR 2174 W   PARKW
AY
\NCOUVER  B C
\X 224 4402
DEN 7 DAYS A WEEK
TH 8 9 FRI 8 6
R •   5  •   V  •    P
GALLERY SPACE P-5
AVAILABLE
Applications for space in the SUB Art Gallery are available
in SUB 238. Applicants must submit a proposal and a
deposit along with the application.
Applications are due by 4pm, Friday, April 3,1992 in SUB
238. Questions can be directed to the Art Gallery
Commissioner in SUB 246 or at 822-2361.
SALES REP
WANTED
Applications are now being accepted for
the position of Advertising Sales Representative for the Inside UBC Handbook
and The Summer Ubyssey newspaper.
This is a temporary position ending in
August. Sales Experience and production
and layout knowledge an asset. Must
have own vehicle.
Please forward resume to SUB Rm. 238
before April 1st., 1992.
^CAREER
HEADSTART
Professional Accredited* Career Services
Streamline a Career Search
The Headstart approach lets you choose only the
Management Consulting Services you need.
Goal Setting
Testing and consultation with business professionals
identifies the industries and firms where your
background and skills are in demand
Self Marketing
Creation of printed materials and resumes by experts
who regularly conduct executive searches and who
know well what elements screen you out and what
attributes make you attractive to employers.
Interview Techniques
Proven and tested tactics to increase interview
frequency and persuasive effectiveness. Objective
ways to evaluate offers and techniques of effective
negotiatioa
Call:
Corporate
& Career
Development
Incorporated
685-5094
Mail or Fax your Resume:
789 West Pender Street, Suite 570
Vancouver, BC • V6C 1H2 FAX: 685-6597
Experts in the Business and Psychology ol the Hiring Process
THE GENERAL B.A.
PROGRAM
UBC
This program offers a broad Liberal Arts program as an
alternative to a Major or Honours Program.
Applications are being accepted until May 31, 1992 for
September 1992.
For information and application forms, come to
The General B.A. Office, Buchanan C158,
or call 822-2595
2/THE UBYSSEY
March 27,1992 NEWS
v.yr-»«.'JJi.wy-Tt--vw^-*-gw^^ M"
A. FfcA„
City task force to
look at campus safety
by Cheryl Niamath
Vancouver council's Safer City
Task Force will be holding public
meetings to investigate the issue
of safety on Lower Mainland
campuses.
"We will be inviting representatives of different student
groups to the [April 23] meeting to
get an idea of students' feelings
about safety on campus," said Beth
Nielson, coordinator of the task
force.
"We want to address the issue
of public safety in educational institutions from the day-care level
to post-secondary institutions,"
Nielson said.
The task force will write a
report on community safety based
on the results ofthe public meetings and questionnaire responses,
and make recommendations to city
council.
Thecity'spresenttight budget
means recommendations that require heavy financial support will
be more difficult to put in place.
Recommendations dealing with
how the city goes about its busi
ness, such as changing by-laws or
training staff would be more easy
to enforce, Nielsen said.
AMS coordinator of external
affairs, Marya McVicar, said the
AMS is aware ofthe safety problem
at UBC and the problem will be
addressed.
The President's Advisory
Committee on Women's Safety on
Campus is looking into safety on
campus. The/re trying to come
up with a different name that also
includes men," McVicar said.
The university already has
some programmes in place to make
the campus a safer place. Volunteers of the AMS walk-home
programme escort people around
campus after dark and the university operates a parking and
security shuttle in the evenings.
The Safer City Task Force
public meeting for students will be
held on April 23 at 4:30pm at City
Hall. The meetings will be part of
a series of public forums on urban
design, violence against women
and children, sexual assault and
crime prevention to be heldin various locations throughout the city.
Create a safer campus
You can help by responding to the following questions by April 3. Send your comments to:
Safer City Task Force
c/o Vancouver City Hall
453 W. 12th Ave
Vancouver, BC V5Y1V4
1. Are there places at UBC where you feel unsafe and/or uncomfortable?
2. What is it about these places that makes you feel this way?
3. Where on campus do you feel safe and/or comfortable, and why?
4. What do you feel are the specific threats to your safety on campus?
5. Are there any people/groups on campus that make you feel uncomfortable or fearful at UBC?
6. What are your ideas or recommendations for creating a safer campus?
7. What should be the role ofthe university administration, AMS and RCMP in increasing safety at UBC?
8. Do you have any other comments or concerns about safety on campus?
^ ^    Sarah atop super-dad.
PAUL GORDON PHOTO
Young one-armed achiever's self-
esteem beyond physical features
by Jonathan Wong
One arm, one leg, one eye.
It is -15 degrees Celsius and visibility is almost zero. A silhouette of an
individual hobbling slowly through the
windy winter storm is barely discernable.
As he limps alone in the street, a
duffle bag swings gently on his mangled
two-foot long arm.
"Once, I slipped on ice and lost my
balance and I couldn't get up," says Bob
Kraft whohasabloatedblind eye."There
I was, spinning circles on the ice, trying
to lift myself up, it must*ve looked pretty
funny to everyone."
Kraft has since birth long coped with
use of only two appendages and one eye.
Though often alone, the Hanmer,
Ontario native's self-esteem has soared
beyond his physical features which are
frequently publicly gawked at by pass-
ersby.
Now on an indefinite contract, Kraft
is scouring the once booming, but now
sagging, Toronto job market. He has
already worke d two years as an actuary.
But the 23-year-old University of
Waterloo graduate is facing a recession-
related job depletion in the insurance
market. And he has sent out more than
60 resumes.
"All I received from each company
was the standard rejection letter: '...no
positions open now, but well keep your
resume on file for six months," Kraft
says.
"I didn't expect that actuarial jobs
would be so scarce."
Before the recession, a Waterloo COOP graduate had a 95 per cent chance of
securing employment. However, Kraft,
who graduated last April, has only acquired bit contract work.
He maintains that his altered appendages do not impede him from competing in the job market. He says he has
some job interviews lined up.
Of note, there are several one armed
or no-armed professionals in journalism:
The Vancouver Province's one-armed
photographer Arlen Redekop has become
a leading city shooter; The Toronto Star's
one-armed Paul Watson was recently
nominated for two National Newspaper
Awards (International Writing and Special Project); his colleague, Toronto Star
reporter Barbara Turnbull, without use
of both arms and both legs, churns out
stories with a mouth prod and a special
touch keyboard.
Bladerunners
make waves
for festival
by Jonathan Wong
Their gait with paddles resembles a duck
waddle and they fly on False Creek. But they
carry no wings.
An early morning rise and a splash of salt
water has become a standard of living for 32
water fiends who perform a sport originally
intended to make rain for crops.
Even in hazardous weather—fog, snow,
rain, an occasional chill—they still go in the
water.
They call themselves Bladerunners and
Chinese numerology has determined that 24 of
them can enter the dragon in the water.
Their 48 (4 x 12)-foot long fibre-glass boat,
seating 24(2 x 12) people—12isweightedheavily
in Chinese numerology—carries 20 paddlers, a
drummer, a rudder controller, and two reserves.
The sport is 2,000 years old.
Since January, Bladerunners have
launched a dragon boat thrice weekly in False
Creek, paddling a traditional 6-16 stroke (six
long, 16 short).
They have under four months left to log
practice heats on the water.
Three consecutive second-place finishes in
Vancouver's last three annual Canadian International Dragon Boat Festivals have not
quenched their hunger for first.
But despite its fiery track record, the team
is still orphaned from sponsorship. Each member
must pay about $200 to paddle up the creek.
A month ago, the Bladerunners held a
benefit dance to keep them financially afloat.
Sponsorship ensures safety from dire straits.
"Sponsors can pay from $500 to $10,000,"
said paddler Rene Chong, one of a dozen original Bladerunners remaining.
Expo 86 popularized the gruelling sport in
Vancouver. There are women's, men's and
mixed categories in Vancouver's annual summer
competition.
Chong says current Bladerunner membership will be downsized to 26 for their race in
June.
"The cuts are based on attendance, how
well you deal with the team and your time," he
said.
March 27,1992
THE UBYSSEY/3 tthe
wes. Singer/songwriter Col-4
Votive music acts that will share the
The Nuu-Chah-Nulth Tribal Council and the Vancouver Temperate Rainforest Action Coalitw
(VTRAC) are hosting a night of Native traditional dances and music on Saturday, MarcJbJttffnn
Vancouver Aboriginal Friendship Centre, beginning 7pm. -^^
The event will be an expression of solidarity between Natives and non-N*'
leen Eccleston and The Water Poets, a Vancouver trio, are two no*
stage.
Nuu-Chah-Nulth speakers will include Cliffor*'
mittee, and Francis Frank, Elected ChiefCj>mtfSfi
The proceeds will go to the Mear^-  ~   ""
are presently in BC Supre^
have been going on sJ     "
Nuu-Chah-
cosh
WETeb, chair ofthe Ahousaht Land-Sea Question Com-
llor ofthe Tla-o-qui-aht First Nations.
sTand Legal Defence Fund. The Tla-o-qui-aht and Ahousaht tribes'*
Court seeking a resolution to the land question. The court proceedings       **'
  "el991 and the preparations for the case began more than seven years ago. The
ZtEffh, who live along the west coast of Vancouver Island, have at least $2 million in legal
expenses.
The blind leads
the bland in
Madame
k Bovary
Erotic art:
by Bianca Zee
JL  1857,
Gustave
Flaubert
(1821-80)
published
Madame
Bovary, a novel
about a woman
who retaliates
against the banalities of her society. The
notorious French
novelist was subsequently tried in court for
failing to exercise moral
judgement.
Claude (Story of Women)
Chabrol's film adaptation of
Madame Bovary premiered
Saturday at the 52-year-old
Varsity Theatre's reopening as a
new addition to Leonard Schein's
local art movie house chain. The
468-seat Varsity first opened on
October 5,1939, as an independent art
house but soon became an Odeon
theatre. Famous Players recently passed
control to Leonard Schein.
Chabrol, a former Cahier du Cinema
critic ofthe 60's French New Wave generation, breaks away from Vincent Minelli's 1949
film adaptation.
FILM
Madame Bovary
now playing
Flaubert's Bovary begins in a convent. She
escapes this restrictive shelter by immersing herself in
romance novels. But they furnish her with overly
idealistic notions oflife and love.
From this point, Chabrol commences his film.
Emma Bovary (Isabelle Huppert) marries a country
doctor, Charles Bovary (Jean-Francois Balmer), hoping he
will endow her with an exciting life. But he fails.
No one and nothing can satiate her passions.
She has a child to alleviate boredom. It fails. She takes up
several past-times, they fail. She indulges in material goods sold
by Monsieur L'Heureux (Mr. Happy), but it is a fleeting high. She
even seeks religion to relieve her "lifeless melancholy."
Habitually, she abandons her pursuits as fast as her interest
wanes. Her fickle whims fluctuate erratically, and she increasingly
cultivates misery with increased expectations.
As hobbies no longer entertain her, she plunges all her anguish into
a passionate affair with Rodolphe (Christophe Malavoy), a vulture who
exploits Emma's need for attention.
Soon superficial Rodolphe tires of Emma's relentless yearnings for ideal
romance and drops her stone cold.
Emma's heartbreak is immense yet momentary as she quickly indulges her
desires again, this time with Leon Depuis (Lucas Belvaux), a young law clerk.
The sordid affair contains all of Emma's idealized ingredients, but inevitably
tapers.
Emma secretly spends her husband's assets, symbolically losing credit in the
process, to build a perfect romance until the supply is exhausted.
Creditors increasingly become an ominous threat to her. Emma's life of debauchery bankrupts her and she becomes a pathetic creature grovelling at the mercy of those
she had callously used to quench her selfish thirst for excitement.
A scarred blind beggar with a repulsive disposition appears sporadically to remind
Emma of her internal ugliness and deterioration. She has lost all her morals and values
and he mocks it. "Though you don't look it, you're just as ugly as me," he seems to say.
Chabrol's Bovary, however, is flat. He fails to explain the roots of Emma's emotional
turmoil. Nor does he provide a proper character sketch.
His narrator states the obvious, in a monotonous and meaningless tone that sadly reflects
the film's adaptation ofthe book.
Flauberfs opera at Rouen is a metaphor for Emma's life. Chabrol suddenly jump cuts from
Emma's arrival at the opera house to curtains shutting down on the opera—similar to what the
film does to the book.
by Jonathan Wong
\    t a private erotic art showing by
^A. Noboru Sawai, Anna I Banana > Kam. a
ubbly passerby in an orange-red blazer
remarks: "Good stuff, great food and great
people...very nicely aged wine." , ^
Not too far off, a barefoot
Japanese flutist plays his hallucinogenic instrument, cross-legged on
the floor in his roughened grey
kimono and bandana,
crowded by Vancouver's
suited elite, the city's   j
ever-present business"
art appraisers.
The contrast
may well be
symbolic for art's
eternal question: Is '*.
art for commerce or art
for art?
The incestuous
irony—patrons are no longei
merely patrons—has
become inevitable as
artists' income increasingly depend on
reviewing art for ar...
is caught in a
double jeopardy.
Unavoidably, tht
critic engages
in art's
incestuous
business
trying to penetrate its
hazy apparitions to find the
artist's integrity.
ART
Images of a Floating World
Simon Pat rich Gallery
until March 28
Sawai's woodcut print exhibit takes you on an idyllic
erotic trip, a lotusland of sex catered to a BC market.
Each Sawai frame furnishes a camouflaged mvriau
4/THE UBYSSEY
March 27,1992 k.RTS
Death of a jazz player
b\ Jonathan Wong
—*-^ ah vitp pa pum pum. Vancouver needs a drum.
Lotusland has swallowed Birdland.
emember the Birds    the kind that chirped hebob and blew heat through a brass pipe? They are gone,
ancouver jazz players have been strangled since Gastown's Classical Joint shut down two years ago.
Nowadays swingers become backdrops to dining talkers, be it at Alma St. Cafe or Carnegie's on
West Broadway.
"This is a concept unique to America," says Georges Robert, an avid player of'saxophones (alto and
soprano), clarinet and piano.
The Swiss native recently finished a 125-concert tour through North America, Hawaii, the
Philippines, Malaysia, Jakarta, Bali, Indonesia, Singapore, Thailand, the United Arab Emirates
and Europe.
"Having a restaurant with music—before I came to America, I had never heard of that."
-before I came to America, I had never heard of tha
Not many jazz musicians even dream of achieving Robert's background
a mirror
B^M
hard to discern the ongoing events.
His metaphors translate along the exhibit's
walls and beyond. Take a ride on The Orient
Express (front, centre and behind) while
eating catered sushi and drinking homemade wine.
The critic sees life metaphysically.
Engage in discourse (sounds
like intercourse) with former
UBC student zealots CiTR
talkshow host (1991), anti-
tuition hike activist, RJ
J*Moorehouse and young
NDP rep Mark
Keister (1991),
donned lavishly
in expensive
_, apparel.
The lifestyle will
> swamp you.
Within the gallery,
replete with blind art
voyeurs (an oxymoron but
true), one could easily
have sex there, unnoticed.
^       Sawai's woodcut
images seemed like a
backdrop to a
meeting of
"Vancouver's
finest," a looking
glass, reflecting
_.        mimetic
(metaphysical
limitations
of the life in
front.
A train's hub don
trademark Sawai phallic symbols, as
flashy homme d'affaires, male business
B•-'■if- archetypes, hover nearby, talking hardball about the
flow of money. Said one who later reverted to art: "This guy
jeither has a very big sense of humour, or takes this work very
seriously."
Sawai, now Canadian, learned his trade at International Hanga Academy. He has taught printmaking at
the University of Calgary since 1971. His decade-
^atld Vancouver business, Sawai Atelier, publishes
reliefs and intaglio prints.
The 32-year-old French and English-speakingGenevamusician graduated trom Boston's
Berklee's School of Music. America's most renown jazz school, played mainstage at
Montreaux's International Jazz Festival, and recorded three albums, one with Contemporary (a major jazz label).
He has also played at New York City's Blue Note and Hollywood's Catalina's. In
Vancouver, he can only play for pay at a cafe.
He says most Vancouvei- jazz venues cannot afford a full band. They will neither
take five nor four.
"You always see two to three musicians maximum." he says.
Robert, who once blew saxophones when flamboyant 20-year-olds flourished for
America's east coast jazz renaissance, now must play without a drummer at Alma
St. Cafe—like white heat to cold heat.
Robert says he misses jazz community-oriented cities such as Boston,
New York, Chicago, LA, San Francisco, and even Seattle, where musical
prodigies play weekly at Jazz Alley.
"In every club, you had musicians checking you out, it was very
stimulating. You could walk from one club to another nearby and hear good
music."
- . He says Vancouver musicians when robbed of an opportunity to listen
to on-going jazz will eventually stagnate and must leave to survive.
Aside from '60s and '70s mega-jazz stars such as Chick Correa,
Oscar Peterson and Johnny McLaughlin, who have performed sparingly in Vancouver, there have literally been no jazz concerts.
"If you have not had a chance to listen to a Wynton Marsalis«
you will never learn," says Robert who is married to Calgary
doctor Joan Yap. "That's something I really miss."
In 1980, Robert moved to Boston to attend Berklee.
But he says, "Even if you go to the best music school
in the world, it won't make you a good musician.
"There's a big part of music that you learn by yourself.
"I try to follow a lot of singers because the origin of
jazz is singing. You are actually singing when you're
blowing a saxophone. Players like Louis Armstrong,
they try to copy singing on their instrument.
"The best players in the world have a vocal quality in
their music."
Robert say s the east coast at present has the
best audience. "In Boston, there are 300,000 students and groups of people would travel between
Boston and New York—they're so close."
In 1985. Robert received a lucrative scholarship from Manhattan School of Music, a private jazz school.
"At, that time, I was broke. 1 was
lucky. They paid for 95 per cent of my
tuition and expenses. New York is very
expensive."
Though his Berklee band toured
Europe twice a year. Robert's break in
jazz only came  when  Downbeat
■■■i^Bi^^^^BH^^^^MM^.^.^^^_ Magazine awarded hisband forbest
college demo.
! ;j "I    sent   the    tape    to
F_^^      ^^—      ^^ Montreaux and they were im-
■^%      ^^      ^^ pressed. We got to play on the
W^^      ^l-*-"-'      P*" mai n stage and I got to meet a
I m     mm      mm lot of people."
Robert   will   record  his
FREE
E
Kaplan Course
LSAT GMAT MCAT GRE
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To Find out How Call
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£ STANLEY H. KAPLAN
Educational Center of Canada Ltd.
.irth album, an acoustic
izz set,  with trumpet
player Tom Harrell this
fall.
He plays at Cafe
Django, named after
the   famed   '20s
three-fi ngered
Paris jazz guitar
virtuoso Django
Rein hart, from
April   30  to
May 2.
There will
be a
drum-
March 27,1992
THE UBYSSEY/5 Ambiguous
policy: part II
A sigh of relief—the strike is over.
Support staff have returned to work
and along with them those students
who chose not to cross picket lines
have returned to class.
During the next month these students will learn whether or not they
will be penalized for respecting CUPE's
pickets.
The administration should foster a
positive atmosphere for learning
within the campus community. Yet,
some faculty members told their
classes attendence during the strike
was mandatory and materials taught
would be tested. Some professors did
not even discuss the issues in classes
or consider not crossing the picket
lines an option. Ambiguous policies
put students who supported the strikers, but had to attend class, in vulnerable positions.
Students are not protected and may
have no recourse.
No responses to this seem to have
been forth coming from president
Strangway or vice-president of academics Birch. Indeed, Strangway voted
against the policy on students who do
not cross picket lines (as stated in
Birch's memorandum) at a Senate
meeting during the strike.
Furthermore, the university should
immediately begin developing a comprehensive policy to protect students
who might choose not to cross picket
lines in any future campus labour
disputes. It should be detailed enough
to provide guidance to the various
programmes, departments, schools
and faculties.
theUbyssey
March 27, 1992
The Ubyssey is published Tuesdays and Fridays by the
Alma Mater Society ofthe University of British Columbia.
Editorial opinions are those of the staff and not necessarily those of the university administration, or of the
sponsor. The editorial office is Room 241K of the
Student Union Building. Editorial Department, phone
822-2301; advertising, 822-3977; FAX 822-9279
The Ubyssey is a founding member of
Canadian University Press
Effie Pow held a production night on Thursday, but
hardly anyone came. Sage Davies called people up to
see if offers of leftover sports writer bribe money could
bring them in, but he didn't have much luck. Dianne
Rudolf was too absorbed in decoding the Ideological
State Apparatuses inherent in the novel written by
Bianca Zee and Martin Chester. Paul Dayson was
busyinteractingwithengineers, while Sharon Lindores
had to take her goldfish for a walk. Raul Peschiera was
just about to wash his hair with a new shampoo
recommended by Paula Wellings. Sam Green and
Carla Maftechuk couldn't tear themselves away from
the hit list they were composing; Hao Li and Chung
Wong fell down laughing at the very idea of spending
time on production. Cheryl Niamath said she might
drop in, but only if the bribe was a good one. Just as
Effie and Sage were about to give up, Ted Young-Ing
came in with beer and AMS pizza to help them forget
their troubles.
Editor*
Paul Dayson • Sharon Undora* • Carta Maftechuk
RaOl Poschlera  • Efflo Pow
Photo Editor • Paul Gordon
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12.
Letters
Grad centre
still open
I would like to address
some ofthe concerns re: the
alleged closing of the grad
centre (The Ubyssey, February 28,1992). Firstly, the
grad centre is not closing.
GSS Council has voted in
favour of temporarily reducing lounge service in the
building except for Friday
beer gardens. The rest ofthe
building will remain open.
The reasoning behind
this decision is complicated
but it boils down to the fact
that the lounge is losing
money. When the Society
took over running of the
lounge in 1990, the time allowed for organization was
insufficient and the problems
incurred over the course of
the first year caused losses
of approximately $30,000.
Cut-backs in service last year
have meant that this year's
losses have been negligible.
Because of this, the Society
has decided that reducing
service, hiring a lounge
manager and giving that
manager sufficient time to
plan is the wisest possible
move. The fact that our Society Co-ordinator, who has
been managing the lounge
this past year, will be leaving on April 30,1992 and his
position eliminated, makes
the need for a lounge manager greater.
The decision was by no
means a hasty one. The GSS
Council has been dealing
with this issue through
planning sessions, committees and Council meetings
for over a year. Councillors
were asked to discuss the
issues in their departments.
The meeting, at which the
decision was made, was held
in closed session because the
decision to reduce service has
an impact on our staff. To
make such a decision in
public would be poor labour
practices. As soon as the
employees were informed,
the decision was made public. Notices were hung in the
centre itself and have been
mailed (February 25) to
council members for display
in their departments. In
short, the GSS both consulted and informed its
members.
I would like to suggest
The Ubyssey welcomes letters on any Issue. Letters must be typed and are not to exceed 300 words In length. Content
which Is Judged to be libelous, homophobic, sexist, racist or factually Incorrect will not be published. Please be concise.
Letters may be edited for brevity, but It is standard Ubyssey policy not to edit letters for spelling or grammatical mistakes.
Please bring them, with Identification, to SUB 241k. Letters must include name, faculty, and signature.
that, if Anonymous or anyone else is interested, they
contact myself or another
member of the GSS office
staff or executive for the
complete and accurate details.
Eileen D. Mak,
President, UBC Graduate Student Society
Welcome to
the 'real world'
This is a letter in response to comments that
were made by a lady who
crossed our picket line (Gate
6) one evening about six
o'clock on her way to classes.
She told us to go live in the
Real World and why don't
we get an education. Well
let me tell her it is no fun
and games walking a picket
line. But one thing I did learn
was to stand united in wisdom and strength and so as
far as I'm concerned thaf s
one of the most important
educations one could ever
have so if she and people
like her could have a taste of
what we had. Then maybe,
just maybe we could all live
in a Real World.
Jean Goodlet
Service Worker
CUPE 116
Openminded
fairness
Yesterday I was witness to a
rally presented by the Students for Fairness (their title
resembled something to that
effect). As I sat on the grass
a megaphoned maestro
marched the rally to a podium and introduced an informative session of
speeches. Interested in
learning more about the development of negotiations, I
listened. The speakers were
ernest and passionate, but
as I sat and generally appreciated the pertinent and
valid arguments, I became
increasingly aware of inconsistencies in the words spoken. In their glorious righteousness many ill-thought
words were said. One
speaker, who identified
himself as an engineer expressed his disgust in all
engineering students, describing them as sexist, rac
ist bigots. For an organization advocatingfairness such
an unfair generalization as
this seemed quite inappropriate. The strike was described as a black and white
issue—either you were to be
for or against—there was to
be no tolerance for anything
else. Such compartmentalizing modes of thinking account for much misunderstanding and unwillingness
to understand that seems to
dominate our society. It
promotes separation, segregation, exclusion and close-
mindedness; all of which
seem to be thriving on this
campus.
An AMS representative
was invited by the maestro
to speak in defence of AMS
inaction. Her completely
unprepared talk showed
much leadership. She explained—without political
rhetoric—the problems involved with shutting down
the Student Union Building
and how it would create an
unfair situation for many
people. Her talk was perhaps
even more informative than
some of the prepared
speeches. The megaphoned
maestro closed the rally and
announced his exodus, "Let's
get off this scab infested
campus. This place makes
me sick," and they marched
out of the plaza.
These final comments
effectively blew away much
of the credibility that had
been carefully built by the
speakers. It is for comments
and attitudes held by the
like of the megaphoned
maestro that prevent many
from joining the ranks and
actively demonstrating support for many causes—not
just for the striking workers. Perhaps this man can
afford to repeat his courses
next year but swollen with
righteousness, he could not
understand those who simply cannot. Fairness is invaluable, but so is consistency. I hope the fairness
group will maintain a consciousness of holistic fairness. It seems at times when
the issues involve justice,
passion consumes, narrows
the point of view and creates
an Orwellian atmosphere.
Efforts must be made to
maintain an open minded
and inclusive stand that
would prevent our maestro
from assuming the role of
The Lord ofthe Flies.
My point is not to degrade the group but the ferocity of intolerance and
general close mindedness
was amazingfor what seems
to be such a great cause. How
can one be fair without being open to people's opinion
of what fairness is?
Pat Williston
Science 2
A song for her
god
This week I read the
most inspirational book by
Samuel Shoemaker. He says,
"America, (read Cananda)
needs tens of thousands of
men and women who will
take the trek from
paeganism to faith, from
aimlessness to purpose, from
self-centred to God-centred
living. It starts with the individual decision to follow
Christ. Paegans are the
cause of our distraught
world. Believing and practical Christians are the cure
for it." He speaks ofthe God-
lessness of Communism as
it existed in 1953 but he also
sees clearly the Godlessness
of materialism and the cult
of one's own personality.
Incidently he helped to found
Alcoholics Anonymous. His
book moved me to write this
Easter song.
Mighty Cousellor, Prince of
Peace,
Who came from God to take
away the fears
Which seize my spirit and
my will.
Let your faithlessness
stand for mine.
Plead my case with Him.
O thou Messiah, rejected
by mankind   but loved of
God,
Lift up my spirit to the sunshine of His love.
Banish the hopelessness
and the doubt
That   even   from   my
mother's womb
Enshrouds and blinds me.
O Holy of Israel, my only
righteousness,
Sent by the Father to this
sinful world
To wash away the sins of
all who turn to Him,
Light up our lives by the
radiance of the grace
Which entered this dark
world at Easter time.
Edith Cadwallader
6/THE UBYSSEY
March 27,1992 Corportations should not pay any tax...
(well, of course not don't be ridiculous)
Corporations should not
pay tax. Before Mr. Lipscomb
cranks up his letter writing
machine to accuse me of being a
capitalist zealot I should hasten
to add that this statement is
non-ideological in nature. If you
want to eat the rich, fine. But
doing it through the corporate
tax system only hurts everyone.
Corporate taxation is regressive,
economicallyinefficientandbad
public policy.
(A quick primer for non-
commerce students. Corporations are owned by shareholders
who receive their return on investment in two ways. Dividends can be paid out of profits
or profits can be retained
in the firm, boosting the
share price, so the share*
holder gets a capital gain
when she sells the share.
The big surprise is that
virtually everyone in Canada
who contributes to a pension
plan is an indirect shareholder
because most plans invest a
large portion of their assets in
the stockmarket. In fact, pension funds andother institutions
tend to dominate the Canadian
markets).
Corporate taxationis unfair
and regressive. Corporate taxes
average about 40 -50 per cent of
profits. Because profits are income to the shareholder we are
taxing each shareholder equally
about 40 cents on the dollar
regardless of their relative net
income. To understand this,
imagine a corporation with just
two shareholders, say, Jimmy
Pattison and an elderly widow
living on pension. Both shareholders pay 40 per cent corporate tax. If the widowhad earned
a dollar in any other way it is
unlikely that she would have
paid40 cents tax onit. Byway of
comparison, Canadian pension
funds do not pay tax on income
earned from investments. This
is based on the equitable assumption that the appropriate
way to tax income earned by the
fund is by the relative wealth of
the person ultimately receiving
the income i.e. through the per
sonal income tax system. Yet all
pensioners, regardless of wealth,
are indirectly taxed about 40 cents
on every dollar earned from having
their retirement savings invested
in a corporation.
Corporate taxation is economically inefficient. The abolition
of corporate tax would eliminate
the insanity and perceived inequity
involve with tax loss carry forwards, tax concessions and other
tax "gimmicks" used by firms to
avoid taxes. The resources, both
public and private, which go into
maintaining two separate tax
systems (corporate and personal)
represent a direct loss to business,
consumers and taxpayers. Also,
Perspective
bad business decisions are sometimes rationalized on the grounds
that the shareholder only bears
part of the cost because it is paid
for with "taxable" dollars. If every
dollar in profits earned by the
corporation flowed through to
shareholders there would be a realization that all those business
conferences in Bermuda represent
a direct loss to shareholders. The
revenge of the capital markets
would be swift and harsh on indulgent managers.
There is a more traditional
objection to corporate taxation. If
we assume that all firms in an
industry are subject to the same
rate of taxation then increasing
taxes has the net effect of raising
the cost of doing business for all
players in the market. Like any
other industry wide increase in
costs there are only three possible
outcomes. A firm can either cut
cost(or staff) to maintain the same
level of profit, raise prices or
shareholders can accept a lower
return on their investment. Given
the mobility of capital and ease
with which shares can be sold it is
unlikely that firms will lower the
return which they provide shareholders. Ironically, it is likely to be
the worker or consumer who will
therefore feel the effects of in
creased taxation.
Corporate taxation is bad public policy. Do you know how
much BC Tel paid in income tax
last year? Do you know how
much you paid? Everyone, regardless of ideological orientation, becomes quite conscious of
government spending when they
are directly taxed. As a general
rule taxation should be open
and direct. It is the best way of
insuringthat politicians are held
accountable for how they spend
tax dollars. By allowing politicians to indirectly tax every
consumer through corporate
taxation we are allowing them
access to vast sums of "hidden"
  money. And, to paraphrase P.J. CRourke,
whenever politicians
legislate the buying and
selling of things, the first
things to be bought and
sold are the politicians themselves.
The abolition of corporate
taxation would have to be accompanied by a reform of the
personal income tax system.
Canada has only three federal
tax brackets. (What at joke! Do
we really think that someone
who earns $ 10,000,000 should
pay the same marginal rate as
someone who earns $ 100,000?
Have you ever wondered why
we tax income and not wealth?)
We must not associate taxing
corporate profits with taxing
rich people. If you wish to hit
the rich then the best way is
through the personal tax system. It shoul d be recognized that
a corporation's profits are a pool
of business income which will
be distributed to shareholders
with vastly different levels of
personal income. The days when
increasing corporate tax was
synonymous with taking money
away from rich capitalists are
long gone. Today, it is just as
likely to mean that your pension fund has less money available to pay benefits.
Sean Elrington
MBA 2.0435
THE UNIVERSITY OF BRITISH COLUMBIA
TheCecilH.andldaGreen
Visiting Professorships
THEODOR MERON
Professor of International Law
New York University School of Law
and Graduate Institute of International Studies, Geneva
Professor Meron is a distinguished scholar in international law, particularly in relation to the rapidly developing
field of international human rights law. The author of several important books, he is also a frequent contributor
to the American Journal of International Law and other legal journals. His lectures are expected to have broad
appeal, and should especially benefit students in law, political science and international relations.
SHAKESPEARE'S HENRY V AND THE LAWS OF WAR
Saturday, March 28 - The Vancouver Institute
Hall 2, Woodward Instructional Resources Centre, at 8:15 pm
ALL LECTURES ARE FREE
TH E UBC BOOKSTORE &
UBC HEALTH SCIENCE BOOKSHOP
WILL BE CLOSED
MARCH 31STAND APRIL 1 & 2
(FOR OUR ANNUAL INVENTORY).
MARCH
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BOOKSTORE
6200 University Boulevard
Call UBC -BOOK (822-2665)
\\\\\\SN\\\\\\\\\\\\\\ \ ,\ ,\ .X .*> .*> .*> > .*> .*> > .*< .**• .*• .*•
You are invited to a
Public Lecture by
Dr. Eva Wong, Ph.D.
CIRCULATION OF ENERGY IN
TAOIST INTERNAL ALCHEMY:
A comparison of perspectives
from Eastern tradition
and Western Physiology
Friday April 3, 7 -10 pm
Chinese Cultural Centre
50 E. Pender St., Vancouver
$20
presented by the Taoist Tai Chi Society
and Fung Loy Kok Taoist Temple
Phone 681-6609 for more information.
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March 27,1992
THE UBYSSEY/7 .-  ' x ,xL   -'<■/' FEATURE   -
Palestinian women: political power and leadership
by Fr6d6riqu6 Amrouni and Alia
Toukan
Montreal (CUP)—Palestinian
women have played a crucial role
in the national struggle for independence in the Occupied Territories. This role enabled a partial emancipation from the restrictions of their deeply patriarchal society. But, deeply-rooted
social norms, coupled with Israeli oppression, have created
obstacles in their daily struggle
for freedom.
"The current Palestinian
uprising was made possible and
continues because itis sustained
and supported by Palestinian
women," said Lea Tsemel, an Israeli female lawyer. She defended
Palestinians in the courts before
the government prohibited her
from working.
With the defeat ofthe Arab
powers in the 1967 war, the Palestinian struggle took a turn towards popular political activism.
This shift became most apparent
in December 1987, with the
launching ofthe Intifada (uprising) against the occupying forces
in Gaza Strip and the West Bank.
Increased popular resistance
to the Israeli occupation, emphasized the need for more grass-roots
organizations such as the already
active women's unions. Through
their work, they challenged the
traditional economic division of
labour.
Alternative institutions provided services and community infrastructure to replace those imposed by the Israeli government's
civil administration. As part of a
boycott of Israeli goods, Palestinian women's cooperatives in the
West Bank increased their output
of certain food stuffs. The West
Bank and Gaza Strip have been
The current struggles
Unveiled Palestinian women
are often harassed on the assumption that they are political
honour, and national identity.
Palestinian women argue wearing a veil is a personal choice.
They demand the liberation of
their nation be preceded by the
Israel's second largest export market after the United States.
Increasingly, women found
they were in the front lines of demonstrations organized against the
Israeli occupiers. In the first ten
months ofthe Intifada, 20 to 25 per
cent ofthe casualties were women.
The United National Leadership
ofthe Uprising enabled women to
assume leadership roles in political and communal committees.
activists. Some women refuse to
overtly participate in demonstrations for fear of becoming a
"known face" to the occupying
authorities.
Hamas, a new representative of "Islamic fundamentalism,"
has appeared on the political
scene and instigated some youth
to harass unveiled Palestinian
women. Hamas leaders claim the
veil, particularly in the Occupied
Territories, is a symbol of piety,
liberation of women.
The United National Leadership ofthe Uprising also called
for the end of the attacks and for
the valuable contribution of Palestinian women to be recognized.
Limits to emancipation
Since the beginning of the
Intifada, a great number of Palestinians, notably women and the
rural population have been able to
participatein the political struggle.
The mobilization of women is
no longer restricted to the urban
middle-class. But it does not necessarily imply equal status and
political power in comparison to
men.
"Our position in the political
struggle has changed, but our position in life has not," said Najwa,
a women's committee activist.
Women's involvement in Palestinian Liberation Organization
committees and decision-making
is still limited. They remain noticeably underrepresented and
issues pertaining to women are
rarely addressed. Appeals for
solidarity sometimes sidetrack the
legitimate demands of women.
The decision-making process
ofthe leadership ofthe Intifada is
much less restrictive than prior
organizations. Many Palestinian
women are eager to move away
from traditional female functions,
such as family support, daycare,
and charitable organizations.
"The poi nt is that women have
to change their ideas bout themselves. We are struggling for independence but we don't want to
compromise our roles as women,"
said a woman activist.
Like other revolutions or
struggles for national independence, whether in the West or in
the East, women's rights remain
largely unfulfilled. Palestinian
feminists and activists are up
against more than the Israeli
army.
The empowerment of women
is an obvious source of strength
for the national struggle for
independence.
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UPON PEQUEAT
Hours: Monday to Thursday • 9:00 AM - 6:00 PM / Friday • 9:00 AM - 5:00 PM
8/THE UBYSSEY
March 27,1992

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