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The Ubyssey Oct 4, 1974

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Array Council rejects res rules
Alma Mater Society council
rejected Thursday an agreement
between housing director Leslie
Rohringer and two members of the
AMS executive on procedure for
evicting students from residences.
The agreement between
Rohringer and AMS president
Gordon Blankstein and AMS ex
ternal affairs officer Gary Moore,
calls for:
eResidence students committees to vote for an eviction
before eviction is ordered by
Rohringer;
e Evicted students to have the
right to appeal their evictions to
students' court;
e No evictions on less than 30
days' notice except for. a second-
offense, in which case eviction may
be ordered within 24 hours.
Moore said Rohringer was
disturbed at council's censure of
him Sept. 25 for the manner in
which he ordered the evictions of
five Gage towers residents.
THE UBYSSEY
Vol. LVI, No. 12 VANCOUVER, B.C., FRIDAY, OCTOBER 4, 1974
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—marise savaria photo
UBC FORWARD Dave Eburne waves goodbye as rugby ball sails over his head in lineout during game
Thursday between 'Birds and University of Victoria. 'Birds continued winning streak downing UVic 17-6. See
full story and picture page 15,
Moore said Rohringer told him
he has not overruled committees of
students in residence.
But grad rep Steve Mochnacki, a
former president of the Totem
park residents association, said
this is not true. Mochnacki said
Rohringer has overruled student
committee recommendations
during summer when students are
absent.
He said the agreement still
leaves final say in evictions in
Rohringer's hands and said the
committees remain purely advisory.
Science rep Ron Walls said
accepting the agreement may be
taken as accepting the current
residence landlord-tenant
relationships.
"I'm worried that the letter of
agreement would make it look bad
if we actually tried to implement
the Landlord and Tenant Act in
residence," he said.
"This may be the opposite of
what we intended to pursue. This
(Rohringer's policy on evictions)
has gone on for years and it's
important for us to take a firm
stand. I don't want us to rush into
an interim measure."
But council members agreed
that implementation of the act will
have to be preceded by long
discussions with students in
residence on its merits.
Council passed a motion
requiring the student housing
committee to hold public hearings
on the act in residences and report
back to council.
Moore said residence students
may not want to come under the
act. He also pointed out that
students can't back out of the act
once it is implemented for
residences.
But Moore did not tell council of
any objections he heard to the act
from students in residence.
Mochnacki said residence
student committees might appear
not to favor the act because some
committee members want jobs as
dons or house advisors in residence
and thus follow Rohringer's lead.
Mochnacki pointed out that
Rohringer picks all residence
officials and that they often come
from former members of student
committees in residence.
Anti-pool vote
set by council
By JAKE van der KAMP
An ad hoc committee opposing
student funding of a proposed UBC
aquatic centre has succeeded in its
goal of setting up a referendum on
the issue.
Alma Mater Society council
Thursday received a petition with
500 signatures as required by the
constitution calling for the
referendum.
Council set Oct. 10 and 11 as the
referendum dates.
Grad rep Stefan Mochnacki, a
member of the committee, says he
has 565 signatures on the petition
and said about 50 more are still to
come in.
In the referendum students will
be asked whether they support
ending all student funding of the
pool as of Oct. 13 and putting the
money in trust until a decision is
made in a future referendum how
to use it.
Mochnaki said he does not oppose construction of the pool but
says the administration should pay
the total cost.
Pool committee members Bob
Angus and Doug Aldridge expressed vehement opposition to
Mochnacki's comments.
Angus at one point vowed to pay
out of his own pocket for a full-page
advertisement   in   The   Ubyssey
:-wW     :'   -
UBC food prices issue sidestepped
The Ubyssey had hoped for an
interview with food serviees head
Robert Bailey Thursday to discuss
rising campus prices, however he
was unavailable.
By DENISE CHONG
Trying to analyze food services
is like shaking a giant sieve.
Whatever tumbles through the
accountant's mesh gets the rubber-
stamped okay.
But when suppliers face a
market situation of ever-
increasing uncertainty, and
consumers are confronted with
ever higher food and shelter costs,
it doesn't take long before that
rubber stamp gets out of date.
The issue at stake here is not that
campus food prices are excessive
in themselves, quality judgments
aside, but that the size of recent
price hikes or the rate at which
prices are increasing is more than
cause for concern.
In last week's Thursday paper,
The Ubyssey showed campus
prices increasing at a rate more
than twice that of off-campus
prices. An index, taking into account all lunch items on the menu,
was constructed to reflect the cost
of a typical lunch on campus over a
three-year period.
This index was then graphed
against the consumer food price
index and the away-from-home
food price index as released by
Statistics Canada.
UBC consumers, essentially a
captive audience according to the
university dictum that there be no
competing food service operations
on campus, are certainly entitled
to voice concern over a rapidly
deflating campus food dollar.
As the graph indicated, the
purchasing power of your food
dollar is declining at twice the rate
of a food dollar off campus. If this
trend continues, each price hike
will be more dramatic than the last
until at some point, students are no
longer being provided with a
service.
At Tuesday's board meeting,
UBC's board of governors ordered
director of food services Robert
Bailey to conduct a survey of off-
campus prices for comparison.
Examining off-campus prices
certainly has merit in analyzing
price movements, but on a dollar
and cents basis it seems a foregone
conclusion that campus prices will
be  consistently  lower  than  off-
campus prices, given that food
services is a non-profit, service-
oriented arm of the administration.
But we can't detour past off-
campus food outlets that easily.
Those engaged in the food industry
presumably operate under the
same market conditions and face
the same 'soaring food and labor
costs' that characterize the industry.
How hard either of these pulls up
prices depends not only on the
survival instincts of the industry
but the inflationary ability of food
costs and labor contracts. How did
food services rate?
Using an index based on 100 in
1972-73, UBC food prices climbed 57
points in two years. Over the same
See page 2: FOOD
"«," <*«K««SiC*\<
supporting continued student
funding of the pool.
The full-page ad would cost
Angus $250.
Angus said his main objective to
discontinuing student funding is
that it would give the AMS a bad
name with the administration.
"The AMS is going to be screwed
by this issue," he said. "The issue
of the pool is not the most important. The issue of our violation
of our contract is what is important."
The agreement with the administration on the construction of
the pool calls for students to
provide $925,000, the administration to provide the same
amount and the community at
large to provide the remaining
money.
Angus earlier estimated the total
cost of the pool to be $4 million.
Architects are about to begin
working drawings for the pool. The
project can be called off any time
before tenders are called.
Some council members
suggested holding the referendum
at a later date but they met opposition from opponents of the pool
who said putting the referendum
off would increase costs to the
society if students decide to
discontinue funding.
The referendum requires a
turnout of 4,000 students and a vote
of two-thirds against if funding is to
be discontinued.
A motion to have the AMS pay
for a half-page ad in The Ubyssey
campaigning for continued funding
failed to pass when it was determined there was no longer a
quorum of 20 council members at
the meeting.
Many council members opposed
funding an ad which would state
only one side of the issue.
Council is not obligated by the
AMS constitution to make any
recommendations on the
referendum.
Council members are required to
set a referendum date within 10
days of receiving a petition calling
for a referendum signed by at least
500 students.
Student funding of the pool was
approved in an Oct. 1972
referendum. A management
agreement on the pool between the
AMS and the administration was
approved by council two weeks
ago. Page 2
THE       UBYSSEY
Friday,  October 4,   1974
Food, labor affect prices
From page 1
period other restaurants and takeout services off campus moved up
36points, while the consumer price
index rose a modest 32.
In what remains an essentially
two-way fight, either food or labor
costs are responsible for taking
that extra chomp out of food service revenue.
In a three-page memorandum
presented by food,services before
the board meeting Tuesday night,
Bailey gave examples of food and
labor costs to explain price hikes
over the past two years.
As expected, with debit equals
credit precision, Bailey was able to
account for changes in menu prices
related to changes in cost.
But simply putting the jigsaw
together is child's play. What we
are really after is a piece-by-piece,
or component cost analysis of food
service revenue.
Included in the memorandum is
a breakdown in part of food and
labor costs with examples of apportioning their costs to the actual
selling price.
Bailey's statistics showed food
service wage increases approaching 40 per cent, 36.1 being
the average percentage increase
over a two-year period.
For prices to rise by 57 per cent,
both wages and raw food costs
would have to rise by the same
percentage. If one of these inputs
rises by less than 57 per cent, then
the other must rise by more than 57
per cent to justify the price hike.
An average wage increase of 36.1
per cent hasn't the pulling power to
raise prices 57 per cent. Then
what's the score? Does labor lose
or do raw food cost increases win
by default?
Referring back to Bailey's
memorandum, cost increases in
the purchasing prices of food are
top heavy on the percentage scale,
with increases ranging from a 28
per cent increase in the cost of
coffee by the pound to a 302 per
cent increase in the price of sugar.
How representative costs are for
raw food inputs as selected by
liley    and    detailed    in    the
temorandum   is   unknown,   but
py certainly put food services in
nore favorable position^ yet not
iite enough to dispel a nagging
Uspicion that perhaps they're
pulling more than their share.
Off-campus food outlets signposted their inflation route of
upward prices with an index of 100-
113-136 (away-from-home food
price index, August '72-'73-'74).
In contrast, on-campus food
services, working against the same
adverse supply conditions and
rising input costs posted an index
of 100-121-157 (August '72-'73-'74).
Either UBC food services is
playing catch-up prices, which still
doesn't disguise the fact that prices
are speeding upward in comparison to prices elsewhere, or the
indexes, constructed to represent
average price movements across
Canada, are somehow not
representative of the market in
which food services operates.
Rather than combine raw food
inputs into one large cost picture,
The Ubyssey undertook some
preliminary investigation on food
costs item-by-item, corresponding
to the food service memorandum
detailing percentage changes in
the purchase prices of food inputs.
Price movements of wholesale
selling prices are given by an industry' selling price index computed by Statistics Canada, but,
with a four-month lag in computation, an index could be obtained only from August, 1972 to
May, 1974.
Not only is there a time lag, but it
is possible that the items purchased by food services will not fit
into individual food categories
listed under the index.
To minimize that error only five
items were selected for comparison: milk, sugar, coffee,
salami and cheese; items which
either fit under a broad category or
for which the assumption could be
made that there was only one
variety of it on the market.
Increases between August, 1972
and May,  1974 according to the
national index are as follows:
Milk 21%
Sugar 271%
Coffee 9%
Salami 49%
Cheese 24%
Percentage increases faced by
food services for the same items
were detailed in the memorandum
but were for a longer period, price
increases were effective to August,
1974 and were thus higher.
Milk 71%
Sugar 302%
Coffee 28%
Salami 82%
Cheese 36%
Keeping in mind the four-month
head start on food service increased food costs, assuming the
two percentages are comparable
and accepting food service costs as
given, then the disparity between
the two percentages can be interpreted as percentage increases
over a four-month period, between
May and August. Milk then, as an
example, would have increased 50
per cent over the summer, sugar 31
per cent and coffee 19 per cent.
Again, discrepancies occur that
open the valve for more and more
questions.
The cost of living is obviously not
the same across Canada, but can
the cost of living inside UBC gates
be different from outside?
Until The Ubyssey interviews
Bailey, we can only continue to
place more question marks behind
unanswered concern.
Before You Invest
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BOOKS
LATE PAYMENT OF FEES
A late payment fee of $25.00 additional to all other fees will be
assessed if payment of the first instalment is not made on or
before September 20. Refund of this fee will be considered only
on the basis of a medical certificate covering illness or on
evidence of domestic affliction. If fees are not paid in full by
October 4, 1974, registration will be cancelled and the student
concerned excluded from classes.
If a student whose registration has been cancelled for
non-payment of fees applies for reinstatement and the application
is approved by the Registrar, the student will be required to pay a
reinstatement fee of $25.00, the late fee of $25.00, and all other
outstanding fees before being permitted to resume classes.
A.U.C.E. Local 1 (UBC)
First Contract
Party
and
Dance
The Association of University and
College Employees invites the
university community to join us
in celebrating the signing of
our first collective agreement
with the University.
COMMODORE BALLROOM
870 Granville Street
Saturday, Oct. 5, 8:00 p.m.
$3.00 per person
Live Band
Tickets available from A. U. C.E., 224-5613
or at the door.
Commerce
Student Services.
At the Commerce, we offer a complete
range of student services, to help you
with your banking needs. Services
that you'll need now, and after
graduation.
Like-savings accounts, to help
your money grow. A variety of loan
programs, including Bankplan and
student loans. Chargex, and more.
Get to know the people at the
Commerce on or near your campus.
Drop in and ask about opening a
savings account with us.
We think you'll find our people
are tops, too.      M ^
<I>
CANADIAN IMPERIAL
BANK OF COMMERCE Friday, October 4,  1974
THE      UBYSSEY
Page 3
CKLG rehires union activists
By JAN O'BRIEN
Vancouver rock radio station
CKLG Thursday agreed to reinstate four broadcasters who were
fired for alleged union activity.
Cam Scott, of CKLG-FM, and
Lari Freeman, a newsman, will be
reinstated with full back pay,
Richard Hughes of the Canadian
Union of Public Employees,
broadcast division, said Thursday.
Ed Mitchell, CUPE local 686
president, and Tim Burge, both
CKLG announcers, will be rein
stated to their original positions
but their back pay is being placed
in a trust fund until an arbitrator
decides whether it should be paid,
Hughes said.
He said in return for the reinstatements the union has agreed to
drop about 22 unfair labor practice
charges laid against CKLG.
CKLG management spokesmen
are away until Monday at an out-
of-town company meeting and
could not be reached for comment
by The Ubyssey Thursday.
CUPE is currently negotiating
with CKLG for the first union
contract with a private B.C. radio
station. And Hughes said the union
is now enjoying good faith
collective bargaining.
"We're encouraged by a degree
of cooperation. After two sessions
we've got four people's jobs back
and found agreement on a large
number of clauses," he said.
Hughes said he believes the
rehiring of the four men is a real
breakthrough. CKLG was certified
—sucha singh photo
FRUSTRATION OF FACING hypocritical white governments who give tacit support to racist regimes shows
in expression of African guerrilla during Thursday speech. Edward Ndlovu and confrere Stephen Nkomo are
in Canada on a fund-raising tour.
End to white rule predicted
By BERNARD BISCHOFF
The white racist regime in
Rhodesia will collapse within two
years, an African guerilla leader
predicted Thursday.
Edward Ndlovu, general
secretary of the Zimbabwe African
Peoples Union, a black Rhodesian
liberation movement, said black
people in Rhodesia are waging
intensive guerilla warfare and that
the Ian Smith regime is on the
defensive.
Ndlovu added, however, that
ZAPU and other African liberation
groups are badly in need of
financial support. He and Stephen
Nkomo, another ZAPU
spokesman, are in Canada on a
fund-raising tour.
"Everyone admits the illegality
of the present Rhodesian regime,
even the Canadian government,"
Ndlovu told a noon meeting in SUB.
"But none of the western countries
have supported the struggles of the
oppressed Africans and many have
covertly supported the Smith
government. Only socialist
countries such as Cuba, Vietnam
and a few others have actively
sustained our struggle."
Ndlovu described in detail the
nature of the current Rhodesian
state whee 250,000 whites rule more
than five million blacks.
Ndlovu said these white settlers
own directly more than 50 per cent
of the land — usually in the most
arable and healthy regions — and
the Africans are forced to remain
on the rest which usually has
wretched soil and debilitating
climate.
Lacking food and land, Africans
are pressed to move to urban areas
where they are a source of cheap
labor   for   multi-national   corporation, he added.
Ndlovu said as the struggle of the
Africans has become more acute,
the measures of the Rhodesian
regime have become repressive
and monstrous.
He related how schools had been
shut down on the pretext of
suspected nearby guerilla activity,
how thousands of families were
eating one meal a day or starving
because the breadwinners were
imprisoned or dead, how nunterous
civilians had been incarcerated in
concentration camps or executed.
Africans do not have even the
barest requirements of human
dignity, much less political rights
such as universal suffrage, he said.
Ndlovu argued that violence is
the only means  left  to   achieve
change of any kind in Rhodesia.
See page 13: WHITES
under CUPE in late August and
currently the union is applying for
certification of CFUN, another
Vancouver rock station.
Hughes said earlier this week
that people have been reluctant to
join the union because they feared
losing their jobs.
"People have been saying that
we will wait and see what happens
at CKLG. We've got our local
president and other union members back on the job.
"That's action. We can hang our
hat on that. We've never been in
this position before," he said.
Hughes, a former newsman with
CFUN, was fired from the radio
station for union activity last year
but was later reinstated following a
Labor Relations Board decision in
his and fellow broadcaster John
McComb's favor.
He  was   then   approached  by
CUPE to head a union drive among
the Vancouver radio stations.
There are now union members in
'all Vancouver stations, he said.
Hughes describes private
broadcasting as a "the grass is
greener on the other side industry".
"It looks glamorous from the
outside but once you're inside ....
We're speaking of six-day weeks,
never knowing what shift you're
on, having no security and
firings," he said.
"Other people, the general
public, think we enjoy better wages
and conditions than we do. If we
can get half the pay and conditions
that the average Joe thinks we
have, we'd be happy," Hughes
said.
"We're not looking for strikes.
We're looking for reasonable,
rational job conditions," he said.
"We'd like to make it an attractive
industry so people with talent will
stay in."
Management  just  keeps   the
employees moving from one part
of the country to the other all the
time, Hughes said. "They change
them like spark plugs."
A disc jockey, who wished to
remain unidentified, charged that
the companies intimidated and
interfered with union activity.
"Basically, the company has
taken a dinosaur attitude toward
union — the basic reason being that
for years and years it had a licence
to print money," he said.
He said wages were bad, some
jocks are making a lot of money
but others are paid very poorly.
"We had no other way of getting
money than to unionize."
The CUPE organizing drive is
not the first attempt to unionize
radio stations. Two years ago, the
Newspaper Guild made attempts
to organize CKLG.
Certification of the newsroom
was overturned by the federal
court and an application to certify
the whole station was turned down
by the LRB, Bob Abbott, a former
CKLG  newsman  said  Thursday.
Abbott, deeply involved in the
first union drive, said the switch to
CUPE "was made simply because
the guild is a small union and didn't
have the resources to carry on. It
didn't have the time or the money
to take care of us."
"The Newspaper Guild was
appropriate when it was only the
newsroom but not with the whole
station," Abbott added. "CUPE
approached us and indicated they
had the resources and the time."
Hughes pointed out that
unionization does not involve
autonomous radio stations but
several large groups which control
most of the private broadcasting
outlets and are represented by the
Canadian Association of Broadcasters.
CKLG, for example, is owned by
See page 11: RADIO
'Election improper'
Elections of 21 science students
to faculty committees are not
being properly conducted,
members of the science undergraduate society charged
Thursday.
Charlene Moriarty, science 4,
said the registrar's office is taking
some of the responsibility for
election procedures, contrary to
senate regulations which say the
undergraduate society should
conduct elections.
She said the registrar's office is
handling the nomination
procedures and will supervise the
actual elections.
Election procedure was set by a
faculty student committee but
Moriarty said there were more
faculty members than students on
the committee.
She said the SUS executive had
to accept the committee's
recommendations but is not
satisfied with them.
Moriarty also charged that
representation from the various
science departments is  unequal.
Representatives are chosen from
each department rather than the
faculty at large. The number of
reps per department was
established by a complex
mathematical formula.
But Mopiarty pointed out that the
formula resulted in chemistry,
with 78 majors and honors students
getting three representatives and
164 computer science majors and
honors students getting one rep.
Associate science dean C. V.
Finnegan admitted there is a
discrepancy but said representation is not based on the number of
honors and majors students in a
department.
But Finnegan said he does not
know exactly how the number of
reps for each department was
arrived at.
Registrar Jack Parnall said
Thursday he did not know that his
office  was  to  conduct  anything
more than the nomination
procedures.
Parnall said he is willing to help
if the SUS requires assistance in
counting ballots but said he sees no
need to otherwise involve himself.
"They can count as well as we
can," he said. "It would be sort of
silly for us to do it.
But Finnegan said the registrar
will at least supervise counting and
that members of either his or
Finnegan's staff will be at each of
the polls.
Nomination forms must be
signed by five science students and
turned in to the registrar's office
before 4:30 p.m., Friday, Oct. 11.
Elections will be held Oct. 21.
Deadly
chemical
to be sold
WASHINGTON -CCUPI-EARTH
NEWS) — Agent orange, an herbicide which contains one of the
deadliest chemical combinations
known to man, is about to be placed
on the commercial market by the
U.S. air force.
More than 50 per cent of the
agent orange mixture is composed
of the highly toxic herbicide 2,4,5-
T. Agent orange was responsible
for defoliating millions of acres of
land in South Vietnam.
Environmentalists are
protesting the proposed sale
claiming that tests of the herbicide
are inconclusive as to its safe use.
The department of health,
education and welfare has
reported that soil in Missouri
contaminated by 2,4,5-T has led to
the illness of one human, as well as
the death of 54 horses and countless
birds, dogs, cats, rodents and insects. Page 4
THE       UBYSSEY
Friday,  October 4,   1974
Rohringer and his smarts
There is a word in the
English language which perfectly describes one of the
favorite tricks politicians like
to play to stay in power.
That  word is pre-empt.
What happens you see is
that the politician faced with
demands he doesn't want to
grant and  faced with being
kicked out of office if he
refuses the demands outright,
grants some of them and so
buys off the pressure.
If he's smart he'll do it
iJceaj
V£5,  Mov, r   n&nze  vouri  car   gets   ee^r niLAoe
#r   SS /mpK } AAJQ   APPrVCtS*r£     ^OUR    C0A/O£fVV    FOrt
CtoiUzfiYATWO   CF RESOVRCCTS,    BUT   THtT    E/uEflGY   0«<VS
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Baggy eye blues
A subject of overwhelming importance
concerns us today.
Baggy eyes.
Statistics have shown one in 10 ordinary
people are afflicted with baggy eyes. But.
among important people the incidence rises
to five out of every seven. Yes, that's five
out of every seven.
People such as Winston Churchill, Franklin Delano Roosevelt, Indira Gandhi, Bob
Dylan, John F. Kennedy, MacKenzie King,
John Twigg, John A. Macdonald and Arnie
Myers all suffer from baggy eyes. The
evidence is obvious.
Equally apparent is the fact that the
Queen Mother, Juliette, Mary Tyler Moore,
Gordon Blankstein, Neil Armstrong, Pat
Boone and Garner Ted Armstrong all of
whom epitomize blandness — are baggy-eye
free.
Most convincing evidence is the fact that
the Smile Button hasn'ta line on its face.
Those are the facts. But what is the
significance?
Well, the evidence clearly points to the
fact that those who, from birth, sported eye
bags are destined for greatness.
Why?
Those of ordinary eyedom can obviously
sink safely into their very mediocrity, not
having to bother to look interesting in an
attempt to live up to their craggy features.
Those on the other hand who sport bags
have had to develop a personality to match
their implied interestingness.
Somewhere in this insight is lurking a
cure to the world's problems.
Would a world of Gamer Ted Armstrongs
be a happier world? Why then, search out
the babies with baggy eyes at birth and
apply scotch tape to their cheeks in order to
stretch the affecting muscles.
Then there would be no arguments.
Conversely, should you desire a world of
Kennedys, be they Jacks, Bobbies, Teddys
or Ethels, apply rubber cement around the
bland children's cheeks. Let it dry and
shrivel into a shape that would demand an
eccentric personality to match.
In those simple statistics with their mias-
mic significance could in fact lie the answer
to the universal dilemma.
Consider the bags under the eyes. Their
significance goes beyond mere flabbiness.
so well that he retains all
power while seeming to give
some of it away.
Housing director Leslie
Rohringer is a smart man.
Knowing that he's in
trouble for kicking five Gage
residents out of their rooms
on 48-hours' notice, he buys
off pressure to implement-
the Landlord and Tenant Act
in residence by granting exactly what student seem to
ask.
The solution to all injustice, says Rohringer, is to
have student committees
atone make recommendations to evict, allow student
court to hear appeals, and to
have no evictions on less than
30-days' notice except for a
repeated offense.
That's what he's prepared to grant to keep the
Landlord and Tenant Act out
of residence.
But on closer examination there's some faults in
Rohringer's benevolence.
First of all, the committee of students remain purely
advisory and Rohringer retains the final say in evictions.
But even if those committees were to have full
power, Rohringer wouldn't
be worried.
Why? Well, he has an
ingenious system for retaining control of those committees.
It's called the old payola
and what it comes down to is
that if you vote the right way
on those committees, you
may be on your way to
becoming a don or house
advisor, with a luxurious
suite in residence guaranteed
and paid for.
Ridiculous you say?
Well, think again. Many of
those housing officials are
picked from student committees and Rohringer is the
man who hires and fires
them.
So don't be too surprised if they're pro-eviction
and anti-the act. Some of
them do vote on conviction
but thtye's others who vote
on temptation.
And as for those appeals
to student court. Well,
students court consists of
volunteers whose motto is
"If you don't understand it
postpone it."
Any student who is told
to leave in 30 days and tries
to get the machinery of
students court going will
probably find himself out of
residence before he's got the
machinery in gear.
That's not to say
students court is inefficient,
but it takes time you know
and they have to consider the
whole question, so slow
down, slow down, there's no
hurry.
The 30-day notice with
the 24-hour eviction for repeated offense is a good rule,
but still it's those suspect
committees that decide
what's what and who's undesirable or guilty of substandard behavior.
Rohringer made his nice
little deal with AMS president Gordon Blankstein and
external affairs officer Gary
Moore and they hoped
students council would pass
it.
Luckily council did not.
It decided rather to seek
some real and effective limitation to Rohringer's powers
by insisting on the act.
So it's a round of applause for council. The act
may have its drawbacks in
being cold and legalistic but
if Rohringer or the university
administration won't grant
students some real say in
how residences are run it's
the only way.
• •
sor (asm
THE UBYSSEY
OCTOBER 4,1974
Published Tuesdays, Thursdays and Fridays throughout the
university year by the Alma Mater Society of the University Of
B.C. Editorial opinions are those of the writer and not of the
AMS or the university administration. Member, Canadian
University Press. The Ubyssey publishes Page Friday, a weekly
commentary and review. The Ubyssey's editorial offices are
located in room 241K of the Student Union Buildiruj.
Editorial departments, 228-2301; Sports, 228-2305; advertising,
228-3977.
Editor: Lesley Krueger
Burping, farting and lazily scratching various portions of their bodies,
a horde consisting of Lesley Krueger, Gary Coull, Mark Buckshon, Mike
Sasges, Tom Barnes and Ralph Maurer sauntered into The Ubyssey press
club. "Gotcha," said Doug Rushton as he dulled their senses with an
impassioned reading of the UBC PReports style guide. Aided by Ken Dodd,
Bernie Bischoff, Geoff Hancock, Reed Clarke, Cedric Tetzel, Boyd
McConnell and Marise Savaria, Rushton injected the whining and subdued
collection of riff-raff with liquid saltpetre. Ryon Guedes then blew cigar
smoke in their faces, causing Jan O'Brien, Jake van der Kamp, David
Fuller, Berton Woodward, Kini McDonald and Denise Chong to retch on
their behalf. Eric Berg, Woody, Jacob Heilbron and Richard Yates were
disgusted by it all but wrote reviews anyway. Sucha Singh photographed it
..and turned it over to food services for processing. They baked it and sold it
as egg rolls.
By RYON GUEDES
HARRISON HOT SPRINGS (Staff) — More than
200 B.C. Immunity Party caucus members hammered out a 29-point social assistance and corporate
taxing program here Thursday proposing:
Mandatory shoeshines for first-time convicted tax
fraud offenders;
Guaranteed monthly income of $5.43, an extra
arrowroot cookie and a subscription to The Buzzer for
pensioners;
A 45-man provincial paramilitary troubleshooter
task force to advise family planning agencies;
Work-incentive programs for B.C. Caucasian
professionals, financed by work-incentive programs
for B.C. native Indians;
Work-incentive programs for native Indians
repairing Point Grey residences at minimum wage;
Purchasing a World Cholera Association franchise
for East Vancouver;
A" five-member superbody coordinating post-
secondary education and skull diving;
Government take over of the WCA;
Revised legislation on appendix transplants and
bodily assault with white shoes;
Creation of a new ministry of prosthetics; with
millionaire industrialist Elmo Bustransfer tenatively
named to the post;
Awarding a $75 million funny-nose and vampire-
fang contract to Bustransfer Rubber Novelties Ltd.;
Government takeover and shutdown of municipal
transit;
A $60 million zeppelin rotocar transit system for
Prince Rupert;
Awarding a $60 million contract to tunnel architect
Otto Draz;
Creation of a united businessmen's militia board to
oversee proper execution of family disputes;
Hole-in-one insurance for two-car families;
Legalization of the Cragman No-Spitoon Black-
Shoes memorandum;
Sending Agnes out for a bucket of steam;
Sending the bucket out for Agnes;
Passing the bucket;
Censuring whoever farted in the sauna bath
Wednesday afternoon;
Buying a jar of Vaseline to alleviate the petroleum
shortage;
Eating Wesley Black's meatloaf sandwich while
he's in the can;
Censuring whoever drew a penis on the Immunity
Party handshake insignia outside the convention
hall;
Stiffer penalties for on-the-job training;
Government purchase of the copyright to "The
Battle Hymn of the Republic";
Castration of pedestrians and token mayoralty
candidates.
Rules and policy committee chairman Roddo Isth-
muth said the springs are lukewarm.  opinionopinionopinionop
Up UIC
rates
By BOYD McCONNELL
If you've ever bashed up your car, or even worse, had a fire in your
home and collected insurance benefits for the damages, you end up
having to pay a higher premium for your insurance coverage
thereafter.
My question is: why shouldn't the same principle apply to persons
who collect unemployment insurance benefits once they start working
again? Shouldn't they have to pay a higher premium too, by contributing a greater percentage of their earnings to the UIC fund when
they resume working?
As it stands now, every working person has 1.4 per cent of their gross
earnings taken off and put into the fund. And, of course, the higher your
gross earnings, the higher your premium.
The present scheme has it so a person can work a minimum of eight
weeks each year — paying 1.4 per cent of his gross pay as a premium
during those eight weeks — and collect benefits for 26 weeks.
The maximum of earnings insurable is $170 a week. The UIC pays out
two-thirds of the insured earnings as benefits. Thus, the maximum
amount of benefits a person can collect is $113, less income tax.
Assuming a person works the minimum qualifying period, of eight
weeks, with gross earnings of $200, he can make $2,950 dollars on an
original investment of $22.50. That's a bloody good return on your
money.
Naturally, a case such as this is isolated. (At least I hope so). And
UIC isn'tan investment house; it's an insurance program.
The basic tenet of unemployment insurance is to provide financial
coverage for persons who become unemployed involuntarily. In most
cases, the scheme serves its purpose. But there are the people who
believe that "I'm just collecting the money I paid into UIC."
If what those people say was true, it would take about three years of
paying 1.4 per cent of $200 each week before they would be justified in
collecting 26 weeks of benefits.
But, all the chisellers aside, if the UIC is indeed a form of insurance,
why don't people who collect benefits have to pay a higher premium?
Say, maybe two per cent instead of 1.4 per cent.
I think that implementing my proposed scheme would inhibit persons who take advantage of the system and not cause too much trouble
for the legitimate cases.
I don't know about you, but I resent having to subsidize the abusers of
UIC with a portion of my paycheque.
Perhaps, if a plan such as the one outlined was instituted, the
government could reduce the percentage taken off people's paycheques
who haven't claimed any benefits from UIC.
Mind you, this is not to say they should abolish premiums. If you
want to be insured, you have to pay a premium. That's self-evident.
However, having beneficiaries of UIC pay increased premiums
would lessen the load on a person who works for years and years.
Another idea, which has been often cited as a remedy for UIC
claimants holidaying in Europe and Mexico, is to require claimants to
go down to a central place to pick-up their cheques. If a person on UIC is
supposed to be ready and available for work, it seems logical that he
should be around to pick up his cheque.
Boyd McConnell is a third-year arts student who says he supports the
Liberal party.
The opinions expressed on the Page Friday opinion page are those of
the author and do not necessarily represent the editorial opinion of The
Ubyssey.
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THE      UBYSSEY
Friday,  October 4,   1974 pfpotponpfpotpouHpfpotpouHpj^^ouH,
Un,
Painting the martyr darker shades
By RICHARD YATES
Despite our proximity to Japan, few of us
have anything more than a superficial
knowledge of that country or its history.
During the Meiji period from 1868 to 1912
Japan was seeking to re-orient itself toward
the west. Many small political and intellectual circles debated the question
westernization and western political ideals
such as democracy and individual rights. It
Kotoku Shusui: Portrait of a Japanese
Radical, F. G. Notehelfer, Cambridge
University Press, 1971.
was in this environment that Kotoku Shusui
(1871-1911) was born, struggled and eventually lost his life.
Kotoku is an historically important figure
both for his political activity and for his
life's dramatic ending. He, along with 25
others, were tried in 1910 for conspiring to
assassinate the emperor.
The secret trial, concerned with proving
intent and not the facts or actions, was a
notorious event. It was a political trial intended to crush the nascent socialist
movement in Japan. It succeeded. In order
to intimidate activists on the left, 23 of the
accused were sentenced to death. Fortunately only 11 were actually executed.
F. G. Notehelfer's book presents a compelling picture of Kotoku's tragic life.
Modern Japanese historians, those who
were freed from the oppressive atmosphere
of pre-Second World War Japan, have
presented Kotoku in glowing terms as a
revolutionary struggling to free his countrymen of the weight of traditions,
militarism, nationalism, and capitalism.
Notehelfer is concerned with painting
Kotoku in less heroic shades. He seeks to
expose the changing compromises that
Kotoku made between revolutionary impulse and his own roots in Japanese
tradition. In his attempt to be objective,
Notehelfer presents an account which
reveals himself to be antagonistic and unsympathetic to Kotoku and his ideals.
The political evolution of Kotoku is a
nearly unremittant march toward the left.
The young boy was exposed to the liberalism
of the Tokyo newspapers and the idealism
he found there enthralled him. He found
himself to be a convert to liberalism while
. small town conservatism surrounded
him.
At age 16 Kotoku journeyed to Tokyo.
There he became a student of a former
leader of the people's rights movement.
By 1897 Kotoku abandoned the movement
to begin a study of socialism believing the
group had become corrupted by the hothouse nationalism and militarism generated
by the Sino-Japanese war of 1894-1895.
In 1898 he joined the society for the study
of Socialism. Through this group he came
into contact with Katayama Sen, an important Japanese Marxist. Whereas
Katayama sought to organize the working
class in Japan, Kotoku desired to simply
struggle for political change.
Kotoku was a journalist by profession. So
when in 1903 the Japanese leftists
established a newspaper, the Heimin
Shimbun, he joined it.
Through editorials Kotoku argued the
Russo-Japanese war was being fought for
the monied interests in Japan.
For his efforts on this journal, Kotoku and
several other staffers were jailed. By
reading a great variety of left-wing
literature in prison Kotoku began moving
beyond the socialism of his companions to
the more extreme position of anarchism.
In 1905 he visited the U.S. Here he came
into contact with the radicalism of the Industrial Workers of the World and
established friendships with a group of
American anarchists.
In the U.S. he organized the Social
Revolutionary Party of Oakland, a small,
short-lived, but sensational party composed
of immigrant Japanese that aroused great
fear in Japan but little direct interest among
the U.S. authorities.
During his stay in the U.S., the Japanese
Socialist Party was organized and he was
chosen to be the editor of its official organ.
On his arrival in Japan (1906), Kotoku
became involved in a struggle to radicalize
the party. While the party originally sought
to bring change through exclusively legal
means, he fought to have them drop this
restriction to legality. In the end the
reference to legal means was dropped.
The Japanese government became more
and more concerned with the activities of
Kotoku and his associates. By 1909 several
of his friends had become convinced the
emperor should be assassinated, believing
Imperial power was stifling the possibility
for social change.
Though he did not actively take part in the
discussions, though no actual plans were
made, Kotoku and his associates were
arrested in 1909 for plotting against the
emperor. The result of this trial, which was
held in secret, has already been mentioned.
Following the trial of Kotoku, socialism
went into its "winter phase" in Japan. No
further activity was possible for fifteen
years.
MUMMENSCHANZ MASKED MEN
emotions are the trigger.
Behind the mask: blackness
By GEOFF HANCOCK
Mummenschanz, the Swiss mime-mask
troupe which astounded a Simon Fraser
University audience last October, repeated
their success last week at the Queen
Elizabeth Playhouse with a provocative,
imaginative and wildly poetic performance.
The young members of Mummenschanz
— Andre Bossard, Bernie Schurch and
Floriana Frassetto — think there is more to
mime than the classical white face.
Classical mime, such as Marcel Marceau,
whom Mummenschanz admires, is limited
in its concentration on facial expression and
creating the illusion of specific objects.
Rather than create illusion, Mummenschanz in a delightful and original
manner, wears masks. The face of the black
clad performer is never seen.
Instead fantastic masks are used to
comment on the world and the human
condition. The masks are a& simple as abstract blocks which fall in love and as
complex as machines, with drawers and
windows filled with ping pong balls, balloons
and soap bubbles that comment eloquently
Parking lots definitely ont
By ROB HARVEY
When you talk to Hal Kalman don't mention parking lots. Or the
new Birks complex. Or Buchanan tower.
Kalman, a UBC Fine Arts professor teaching courses in architectural history, describes himself as a "preservationist". He
was outspoken in this role in the recent controversy over the fate of
Christ Church Cathedral.
"That doesn't mean I don't like new buildings," he was quick to
Exploring Vancouver
by Harold Kalman, photos by John Roaf,
UBC Press, 1974, $5.95.	
point out in an interview last week, "but it just doesn't make any
sense to tear down a 10-storey building so that you can put up a 15-
storey one."
In Exploring Vancouver, Kalman has compiled a fascinating
history of the city's architecture. He says his aim in the book is not
to teach lessons but rather to raise the level of consciousness about
our urban environment.
Following Paolo Freire, a social theorist, praxis can take place
only after we adopt a critical posture toward reality. The future of
tne city as a viable and pleasing environment, then, is restricted
only by the limits of our perceptions. City lib is up to us.
Exploring Vancouver guides the reader on a series of walking
and driving tours, each new tour paralleling stages in the city's
expansion from the original Gastown site.
The wisdom of this arrangement is evident: the brief historical
sketches and readable maps which preface each tour supply a
necessary thread of continuity to the whole work. Kalman's
background sketches are entertaining and to the point, and in some
sections (the North Shore, for example) represent original
research.
John Roaf's camera captures a wide sweep of subjects —
downtown office buildings, warehouses, Strathcona tenements and
Shaughnessy mansions — all the rich and varied architectural
heritage of the city.
Two indexes and a glossary for those of us who can't tell a
gargoyle from a gazebo, extend the. book's usefulness as a
reference source.
But this, according to Kalman, is not its primary intended use.
Pull on a sturdy pair of shoes and explore a bit. This book is made
for walking.
and profoundly on the frailty of words.
And yet, behind their wild humor, there is
something unsettling and profound in
Mummenschanz. What is identity? This
thematic concern runs throughout Mummenschanz' sketches.
Is reality a mask for something else? The
theme is stated as simply as a quarrel
between two ends of a worm tug-of-warring
in opposite directions. Or as complicated as
a face made of a slide puzzle which is
rearranged to create nothing. Or a giant
tongue that licks its face apart.
Mummenschanz implies that behind our
masks there is nothing but blackness and
terror. Masks are dropped to reveal more
masks which are dropped to reveal nothing.
Masks with eyes and mouths of notepads
which keep changing expression are torn
apart to reveal nothing.
Masks made of blocks are rearranged by
two foes who fight for each other's identity.
One figure wins but struggles under the
weight of his dual role. The other collapses
sadly, his features empty.
A pair of young lovers begin eating one
another's face with knives and forks. Then,
disgusted, the man leaves the stage and in a
frightening conclusion lit by a lone spotlight
the woman holds up her disfigured mask
and begins tearing strips off what is left.
Lighting problems, however, threw off the
crisp timing in the first half opening night.
This left pauses in which a restless audience
was heard muttering to itself. At one point
someone loudly told someone's child to shut
up.
But Mummenschanz is such an original,
effective theatre that one can give them
nothing but the highest praise.
Friday, October 4,  1974
THE      UBYSSEY
Page Friday, 3 Baez transcends 60s with i
By KEN DODD
When Joan Baez came on stage in the gym
Wednesday night she faced an audience of
doubters — would she be a burned-out figure
smothered in the ashes of Vietnam?
The doubts were quickly shelved however
as Baez not only transcended the '60s but
gave a new decade of fans a soprano-laced
dose of music, compassion and unexpectedly mischievous humor that probably
left everyone with a renewed faith in man —
or some comic line to tell that would do
George Carlin proud.
Looking a bit weary and unsure she
started reflectively, even sadly, without a
word beyond a mumbled, emotionless
"thank you" to applause, picking Help Me
Make It Through the Night to open.
But then any apprehension disappeared
and the evening's tone set as she launched
into a tension-shattering, nostalgia-mocking
Tensions shattered
and nostalgia
mocked in 50s songs
pair of songs from her first stage performance at age 13.
She brought the house down as she
crooned, whined, jived and bopped ner way
through the bubblegunvlaced lyrics of
Earth Angel and I Need Your Honey Love.
Seeming assured, afty uneasy ties with her
'60s image wey* he^ttBily- dissolved, the
crowd relaxed2ijSy^t|l^iiW.^she Chen got Ort
with the sho\^|$[rjjMng[;Avith>the audience
and talking — "u^l^^iidjheaviity — about
life's experiences afehg the way.
Beginning a blend of songs powerful in its
balance and setfpe she countered wifl. a soft
ballad of country folk.
A Vancouver'GohQert means lote of draft
resistors in the crowd and amnesty was
obviously going to be high on the list «f
topics.
Typical of Bae2, she tried to permeate the
bitterness and hardship of the cause at hand
and tried to reach the individual underneath
— "don't feel intimidated by the politics, the
people saying "don't go home." If you want
to go home and see your mom, go home.
(After the concert however, she expressed
regret on these words with their obvious
harm to the ongoing amnesty cause she
actively supports.)
"Don't wait for Ford to reach his senses
because that could be a long time. On the
other hand I support the fight of the people
who understand what is going on (in the
amnesty movement)".
Soon she returned to a political theme,
describing her thoughts and experiences
from a recent Latin America concert tour —
centring on recently-released political
prisoners from Chile, noting widespread
poverty she found and intense ill-feeling
toward the U.S.
"Latin America is sad — there's lots of
poverty and lots of exploitation — and we all
know who does that."
To top that mood she launched into Gracia
a la Vida — "the anti-fascist, anti-
everything theme song down there" —
which she has recorded and which is a sheer
joy to hear because of her deep and husky
tone when she sings in Spanish. The song
powerfully rolled across her listeners.
No matter what the atmosphere of the
times political comment will always be
integral in a Baez concert because the
audience is interested but also because it
unmasks the sincerity and sheer humanity
of the performer.
But Baez is also diverse — another charm
— and though sincere she always stops short
of being heavy.
Here the character change was sudden,
but teasing.
Asking whether people wanted something
light or heavy, and ignoring a few replies for
heavy, she started into her biggest hitparade success Love is Just a Four Letter
Word.
But after a few bars on the sorrows of
love, appropriately written by ex-boy friend
Bob Dylan, Joan Baez social activist
became Joan Baez free spirt as she broke
into an hilarious, droning, nasal Dylan
monotone that was great — just great.
This was the cue for a recent Baez composition inspired by the incredibly over
played Dylan North American concert tour
of last year.
As Baez was the unofficial queen of the
'60s protest folk rock movement so was
Dylan the king, their careers often intertwining, each being a strong influence
musically and personally on the other. Baez,
a competent but not prolific composer, sings
more Dylan material than that of any other
writer.
So it is not surprising that through Winds
of the Old Days she presents us with her
personal statement on the '60s.
Nostalgia, alternatively sad for the age's
passing and fierce in its spirit, was there —
"it doesn't take much to remember those
songs from the good old days that a-set us
marchin' with banners ablaze "
But the theme is a mature reflection
without spit or tears that accepts a time has
passed and life is to be lived to discover the
present and future, not to dwell on the past.
The song describes Dylan as the central
influence of the times but deliberately
avoids adding to the myth, simply surmising
his contribution with "thank you for singing
a few songs, thanks for righting a few
wrongs. ..."
And further commenting on press attempts to forever build and ressurect the
Dylan legend she pleads "the '60s are over
so set the blue-eyed prince free," relating
from experience that heroes and martyrs
may make great reading but it's a rough
time to try to live with one.
Having delivered her intended and new
musical'message for the night she switchec
to one of her standard themes, religion.
"I'm close to Jesus — if he were hen
today and out of jail he would probably b<
Of politics, concertsy cai
By LESLEY KRUEGER
"Tjhe trick at a concert is to enjoy myself,
to have others enjoy themselves, to get
across the fact that the world is completely
falling apart and to find something for
people to do. That makes the evening I
complete."
Joan Baez was speaking in an interview
following a concert Wednesday she said
later lived up to her notions of entirety.
"You mix all that in without outweighing
either the 'Let me entertain you' aspect on
the one hand or pounding in the miseries of
the world on the other. It's difficult."
She says this formula has remained the,
same through her 17 years as a singer. But
in that time, both her conceptions of the
miseries and the styles of her songs have
changed.
"I'm searching for handles — how to
educate people. Of course there's a change
in my music because of this.
"If I stayed singing the same songs I sang
17 years ago, I'd be a walking antique."
In the same way, her political activities
have changed with the years, although they
remain based in a belief in non-violent
organization to change society.
Eight years ago she founded the Institute
for the Study of Non-Violence in Carmel,
"I'm working my
way uphill through
an avalanche."
Calif. Since then, she has passed through the
anti-war and anti-draft movement to
current support of the Amnesty International movement.
She says the movement encompasses
everyone from '60s activists "to little old
ladies who write letters to political prisoners
while playing bridge."
Its purpose is to free political prisoners
held throughout the world — and its chances
of success she recognizes as remote.
"Wehave a saying: Non-violence is one of
the greatest flops in history. The only
greater flop has been violence.
"Non-violence — to talk about nonviolence means I'm working my way uphill
through an avalanche," she said.
"But you can see the practical results.
"People who have left there (the institute)
go to other places. We've planted a seed.
And we have to do something.
"Or are we going to starve ourselves off
the face of the earth?
"Are we going in a nuclear holocaust?
"Are we going just out of lack of caring for
one another so we rot in our own garbage?
As a friend of mine says, is Los Angeles
going to spread to the rest of the world so
we're all going to choke to death?
"What is the script we're going to write
for ourselves?
"I don't know. But I've seen some people
go through the institute and be influenced so
they'll fight for something else. Non-
violently."
These political beliefs could obviously
conflict with her role as a musician and her
efforts to communicate her music through
selling records and concert tickets to a wide
audience.
She smiles as she acknowledges the
possibility of conflict but finally shakes her
head.
"In practice the role works out very
nicely.
"People do get very suspicious and
parents of youngsters are saying 'What's
she selling albums for, by sitting in a tiger
cage or demonstrating?'
"One way I'm not going to get my albums
sold is by being, quote, political.
"But on the other hand I think there's
some vague respect people have that those
things in my life are intertwined and I've
managed to keep them together.
"There's been a consistency just because
the intertwining is a reality."
Although Baez says the combination of
her political activism and music has been a
success, a question remains about the
success of each particular component.
Her success as a musician is un-
challengable. But what about the success of
the anti-war movement she helped lead?
"It's my belief that because people stood
out in the streets — you know, it went from
the grubby, pinko hippies to eventually the
semi-respectable housewives to the nuns
getting in there when it was really straight
— that people began to watch the war.
"It took eight years but if it hadn't happened there's absolutely no reason in the
world the war would have stopped before
they killed everyone in Vietnam."
And of her role as a leader?
"It's only because one person stands up
that others get the courage to do so. I mean
Martin Luther King's movement started
when one woman wouldn't go to the back of
the bus."
But this could tend to set her so far above
the mass movement that she would become
unaware of the feelings of the majority of
people involved in the movement.
In a later meeting with draft resistors now
resident in Vancouver she continued in her
efforts to overcome this problem.
Through dint of intelligent questions about
what draft resistors think of U.S. president
Gerald Ford's amnesty program
("laughable") she both explored their
feelings and expressed her own on the
possible alienation of a leader.
"I recognize that obviously when I got
arrested for sitting in front of the induction
centre it was a joke.
Page Friday, 4
THE       UBYSSEY
Friday, October 4,  1974 [impassion and wry humor
working on some sort of amnesty thing."
She stresses however that while she gains
strength from God she's not about to lay a
trip on anybody — "I'm not into the Pat
Boone,   hallelujah,   dunk   your   neighbor
praise the Lord kick — like any drug it's
dangerous."
And when correctly used and well-sung
the electric charge of a religious song,
powerful score thundering, is without equal
for guaranteed emotional impact.
Such was the case with Oh, Happy Day, a
Negro spiritual recorded a few years ago by
the Edwin Hawkins singers and just unforgettably performed by Baez Wednesday
night.
At one point she stepped back from the
mike, let guitar dangle, stood erect and
belted out the chorus with a depth and
clarity of voice and expression of spirit that,
was just plain awesome.
In her second 45-minute set she turned the
humor back, this time the self-deprecating
version through what she called part two of
her love ballad Love Song to a Stranger —
and Joan Baez free spirit returned. What
began as an obviously serious and sensitive
attempt to sort out the loves of her life
became the process of her realizing she was
taking herself too seriously as she gradually
wrote the song became apparent as sensitivity turned to whimsey until finally — "I
conclued of my past that love was just a pain
in the ass."
Other — more serious — themes were
sung and personal reflections offered on
prisons, the plight of the old, the hardships
of the world's common folk and her basic
revolutionary credo of non-violence.
"I'm still the fanatic non-violent type."
But never one to take herself too seriously
she reflects:
"You'd think eventually over the years
ies, pinkos and being 33
"I was going to go to a summer camp and
•body was going to beat up on me because
i come out and tell Johnny Carson about it.
» that's different for me.
"But at the same time I feel a connection
ith the others who were equally willing to
to jail for a point.
"In their case though, their reason was
at they had absolutely nothing to lose.
"When Martin King started organizing the
iorest of the poor they would do this non-
violently,   because   they   had   absolutely
nothing to lose.
"So any argument about a real gulf is
really bass-ackwards."
Bridging this gulf is also Baez's belief in
the individual's final right to choose as
opposed to what she calls strict adherence to
one line. All this flows into a religious belief
expressed both in past interviews and in the
concert itself which seems closer to a
generalized deism than belief in established
religion.
These beliefs led to what she characterizes as a dilemma during the height of
draft resistance on whether to advise
draftees to flee outside the country or go to
jail.
"I felt it was just a very hard dilemma
because I felt in my heart there was just
nowhere for people to really run.
"On the other hand, you can't tell someone
what to do with his life.
"I know we began to come off with this
rather pompous sound because we began to
glorify jail. That leaves out a lot of people."
This belief in the individual right led her to
tell the concert audience draft resistors
should return to the States under Ford's
amnesty plan, despite opposition from her
and others, if they want to.
But during the talk with the resistors, she
labelled this call "unwise."
"For the benefit of the press people here
— get the word out. It was an unwise thing to
say. Don't call your friendly local government agency but go to other organizations
first.
"There's a point about freedom to choose,
but there's obviously an overriding one
about not getting screwed around."
During the meeting, she also counselled
the resistors to some dramatic action to
demonstrate opposition to the amnesty plan
— like crossing the border en masse.
"Dramatics are effective. Sometimes it
pays to literally lay your life on the line.
"No? Maybe I'm just an old fuck at it
then. It's been going on since I was 14 and
can evaluate tactics.
"I've been doing stuff since then and
sometimes you get press and sometimes you
get absolutely nothing. But you have to try."
But her urge to dramatics seemed almost
a lightheaded return to earlier days of
planning anti-war strategy. Because during
the earlier interview she reflected that the
time was perhaps past for large demonstrations.
"I don't think it's a period now for people
trying to have mass demonstrations.
"It would be pointless.
"For one thing, I think people are almost
immune to them. I think the time will come
again for them, but right now it's the time to
plant seeds.
"I used to say, I used to think, that when
the war was over — which it isn't — maybe
people would have a period of time for
discussion.
"But we're going to play head 'em off at
the pass from now until eternity. It's catching each thing as it happens.
"Now it's Chile. Next it'll be Argentina.
Then what will happen in Greece?
"So each time you can't really devote your
time to trying to build any base, to help
"Oh God, I'm a real
bitch."
people understand what a really decent life
it could be."
Baez smiles. Her role has been to alert
people to the need to organize and try to
carry this base into action. She says her
success has been hard to gauge.
"Reaction differs with the places and
people.
"Some people say, 'Oh, why don't you say
more?' And others get furious and say
'Ahhh, sing.' They don't want to hear that.
"That's the reason for keeping the ticket
prices down, I feel I can say what I want to
say. I wish they could have stayed at two
bucks (instead of $3.50 and $4.50) because
then I could really say what I want to say
and horse around."
But she was pleased with the UBC
audience Wednesday.
"I felt very close ... the young faces. I'm
33."
Thirty-three and what?
"Oh God, I'm a real bitch, many-a-times.
"But I've been in the public eye for many
years and I guess you learn to control it.
"I keep active — which may mean I'm
fooling myself all through my life. I take on
one project after the other — some of them
good, some of them mediocre.
"Right now I've taken on Amnesty. And
like I say, it's like walking uphill through an
avalanche. But I remain hopeful.
"If I were to look at that and be a
discouraged type of person, why then I'd lay
down and die."
Photos,   including   cover  photo,  by Kini
Mcdonald.
that I'd sway one way or the other."
Yet the discovery of this concert in
Vancouver one-and-a-half years after her
widely-reported concert here after spending
Christmas avoiding American bombs in
Hanoi, is that she is an amazingly strong
person, her religious strength is central, and
. her convictions solid — yet not dogmatic —
because her great sensitivity is probably the
secret that keeps her going.
A quintessential soft-revolutionary in this
way, her leftism is highly individualistic
internationalist, anarchistic in some sense,
yet still aware of the need for strong causes,
of which she sings.
So she sings the classic working class
fable Joe Hill, relating the struggles of the
fabled organizer of the Industrial
Workers of the World of the early part of this
century — "I never died, said he."
But non-violence is the message, for
practical as well as humanitarian reasons:
"Violent revolution will get wiped out in
this age. There's no way with your secondhand M-16 that you're going to fend off the
most powerful forces of this age."
The internationalism (a non-believer in
nation states and the electoral process —
she has never voted in an election) and the
non-violence which was the theme of her
second set, were expressed when she sang
John Lennon's Imagine as part of a two-
. song Beatles medley to finish.
"Imagine there's no countries, nothing to
kill or die for . . . imagine all the people
living in peace, you may think I'm a
dreamer, but I'm not the only one."
Puzzling, however, was her choice of the
Beatles Let It Be for the other half of the
medley since the "cool it" message seemed
A       quintessential
soft-revolutionary
. . . internationalist,
anarchistic . . .
contradictory to the need for strength of
conviction she had built up during the
evening.
But this was the only flat in an enchanting
evening, topped appropriately enough so the
audience of 3,700 could let off the emotion
that had been building, was her encore of
Amazing Grace, which was a group effort
and experience.
Baez summed the whole evening up with
her parting words: "That was beautiful,
thank you very much."
Thank you Joan.
Friday, October 4,   1974
THE      UBYSSEY
Page Friday, 5 bl
t&l
icyclesbicyclesbicyclesbicyclesbicyclesbicyclesbi
t^^^mjujm^ijmbi^atmi
This bicycle is YOU, sir
By FRED WHEELER
Many people have the wrong
bicycle. It is the wrong height, a
bad make, or an expensive model
they don't need.
Most of the people with the
wrong bicycles did not buy their
machines. They were sold to them
by salesmen at bicycle stores.
Now, it makes sense to go to a
shop that sells only bikes; the
reasons are obvious: you'll get
better advice and mechanical
service than at a large department
store. '
The stores with lots of racing and
touring accessories are likely to be
more knowledgeable about
bicycles in general than other
bicycle stores.
Now that you're in the store, take
the following things into consideration when looking at
bicycles:
FRAME: The best quality
frames are made from Reynolds or
Columbus tubings, lightweight and
strong. However these are out of
the price range of the average
novice cyclist. A frame should be
movies momes_movies^ mo
Greasy kids' stuff
in Flatbush Lord
By ERIC IVAN BERG
Ducktailed nostalgia rears its greasy head again in a film labelled
The Lords of Flatbush.
Last year's American Graffitti was not the first box office bonanza to
spawn a whole host of bandwagoning imitations — Steven Venoa's
Lords is simply following the accepted industry suit of playing second
fiddle to the same hit tune.
Only in Lords the tunes are decidedly different from the Beach Boys,
Bo Diddley and Buddy Holly hits. Almost all of the backtrack rockers
in Lords are original music produced and written by Joe Brooks strictly
The Lords of Flatbush
Director: Steven Venoa
Screenplay; Venoa & G. Davidson
Starring: Perry King & Susan Blakely
Coronet Theatre/New West Odeon
for the film. Ripped out of their shot-by-shot symbiosis these originals
capture the flavor and rhythm of the late '50's, but nakedly out of context they simply fall flat on their faces.
But for sheer old black leather nostalgia and high school hijinks the
film is fairly enjoyable and accurate rendition of time and place in the
backwater of America's pre-Vietnam adolescence. The artifacts of that
cosily safe era are detailed throughout the movie.
The ace-pocked faces of the four Lords still stand out in mock-heroic
particular. Leaning against the high school fence, limp cigarettes
dangling from their smirking lips, hands thrust hip-wader deep into the
pockets of their all too tight blue jeans, they hassle the passing hot-
bodied chicks, in those classic studded black leather jackets of cycle-
gang fascism, and of course flaunting their gooey ducktailed mops.
Here Venoa has obviously fallen in love with these four pseudo toughs
as the be-all and end-aUikaoof the fabulous rock era. His roving camera
traces out a critical raeath in their young lives when the proverbial
wedding bells are breaking up their good old gang.
These four Harley-Davidson horsemen at their own adolescent
apocalypse — Chico, Butehy, Wimpy and Stanley — awkwardly stumble
around in their own virile and romantic manner, hustling, stealing,
brawling, joking, loving each other and making out with their chicks.
Images are important. Perry King's Chico looks suspiciously like a
greasy Elvis and his lovely one-cum girl friend Sue, played by Susan
Blakely, looks like a young Faye Dunaway.
The Lords, like the Pharoahs counterparts in American Graffitti are
dead-end kids clinging longingly to their gangland past while fearing the
future
Those halcyon days of rock with drive-in movies, clingy pool hails,
bobby sox, sleek Thunderbirds, late nite soda shops and dim lit high
schools are all captured convincingly in the film's seemingly endless
treasure chest of memories.
Now just how long the current rabid penchant for such rock and roll
nostalgia films continues is really anybody's guess.
2 BLOCKS FROM CAMPUS
eCUtA   RESTAURANT
FULL FACILITIES
• Chinese Dining Room
Chuen Yeung Choy & Cantonese Styles
• Russian & Canadian Dining Room
• Coffee Shop
with Daily Specials for Students
BANQUET & MEETING FACILITIES
4544 West 10th
224-4811
Open Tuesday to
Sunday: 11 a.m. to 10 p.m.
checked most carefully at the
joints where the frame has been
brazed together. If they are clean,
that is to say, evenly finished, and
no cracks or holes in the joints,
then the frame has probably been
built with care.
Many manufacturers, especially
the more popular builders, have
tended to build very poor and
sloppy bikes because of the incredible demand. A weak frame is
the last thing you want, regardless
of the cycling you do.
SADDLES: Regardless of what
your posterior tells you, a padded
saddle is not the best way to go.
These will eventually harden to the
point where they are useless. A
well-formed leather saddle is the
best choice. It will adapt to you
and, consequently, will afford the
ultimate in comfort.
WHEELS: If you are an avid
cyclist interested in racing, then
your choice for a bike will be one
with tubular tires. These have thin,
light alloy rims and glued-on tires.
These are to be avoided by the
average   touring   cyclist.
A tourist should use "clincher"
tires, with tubes and tires fitting
inside the rim. An alloy rim like
Weinnmann or Fiamme is stronger
and will last longer, but most
medium priced bicycles have steel
rims. Steel rims are more inclined
to warping and bending, so be
forewarned.
CRANKS: The crank set is the
arms, axle, bottom bracket
assembly and chain wheels. As
pedals are attached to this
assemblage a certain amount of
stress and warping can occur on an
inferior crank.
Unfortunately, you can't get a
strong crankset, that is, a cot-
terless crank, unless you spend at
least $350 on a machine. The
alternative is to have one installed
in exchange for your cottered
crank. The cost will be at least $60,
but if you plan to do a lot of cycling
(especially long-distance touring),
it should be a consideration.
Whatever you do, make sure the
chainweels are straight. Bent
cranks are an unpleasant hassle
when your chain falls off,
especially if you're climbing a hill!
DERAILLEURS: Derailleurs
are the shifters that move the
chain into your different gear
ratios. The best changers are
metal, not plastic.
The best derailleurs are made by
Campagnolo, Huret and Shimano.
While they manufacture the best
changers, they also make some of
the worst. A good derailleur will
work smoothly and adjust easily.
Make sure all the gears work and
change smoothly before accepting
a bike.
BRAKES: The latest fad in
brakes are safety levers. Avoid
them, no matter what. Regardless
of what you read and are told, they
are dangerous and useless.
The tension in these levers is
much lower than the regular lever.
Therefore braking is slower.
Consequently the rider becomes
dependent on the so-called safety
levers.
Most bikes have centre-pull
brakes and most foreign makes of
centre-pulls are good. Centre-pull
is more efficient at the medium
price,   but   the   best   side-pulls,
Caveat emptor!
©Q
m mmm
Submarines
Make your own with'our
special variety of cheeses
and cold meats — add
tomatoes, peppers,
pickles...
Where?
at
Try It
You'll Like It
At
LINDY'S
.* "~\
3211 W.BROADWAY
738-2010
MUSSOC Announces
AUDITIONS  for
GEORGE M!
Saturday, October 5
Sunday. October 6      *"5 P-m-
UBC OLD AUDITORIUM
FREE PASS FOR TWO . . . FREE PASS FOR TWO . . .
The TAP Has Been Turned On At
JACKS HANGING TREE
For the thirsty — it's ice cold —
it's bubbly - it's frothy - it's light amber colored and at regular
prices. Served in plimsol glasses or jugs.
Why not visit Jack's Hanging Tree Cabaret, be our guests, just bring
in this ad, good for two admissions.
NIGHTLY ENTERTAINMENT FEATURING:
LEE MORIN BLUES GAZOOS
"GUITARIST" 5 PIECE ROCK
Mon.-Thurs.-9:30-1:30 & ROLL BAND
Friday & Saturday
JACK'S HANGING TREE "ON THE MALL" - 900 Block Granville
FREE PASS FOR TWO . . . FREE PASS FOR TWO . . .
Page Friday, 6
THE      UBYSSEY
Friday, October 4,  1974 Friday, October 4,  1974
THE      UBYSSEY
Page 11
For new UofT course
Low gay turnout
TORONTO (CUP) — A
University of Toronto gay studies
course, the first to be offered by a
Canadian university, is facing
cancellation because of low
enrolment.
Michael Lynch, assistant
professor of English and instructor
for the course new perspectives on
the gay experience, blames the
media generally, and the Toronto
Star in particular, for the
enrolment problem.
According to Lynch, a Star
reporter wrote and filed a feature
story on the course, but her editor
decided not to print it. Despite
press releases sent out by the
University new service, the
pioneering course has received no
coverage in the media.
Off-campus publicity is important for the school of continuing
education, which is offering the
course, because its courses are
offered to the general public. So
far, only five people have
registered for the gay course.
"In view of the Star's past record
of discrimination against gay
people, it is difficult to believe that
the omission from its pages of
information on this course was
unmotivated," says Lynch.
Geoff Stevenson who, as the Star
Saturday editor, made the decision
not to print the story on the course,
says it was omitted for space
reasons only. He denied
discrimination against the gay
community was part of the Star's
editorial policy.
The Star, which enjoys a near
monopoly in the Toronto area, has
in the past been found guilty of
discrimination against gay people
in its advertising policies by the
Ontario Press Council.
The council is a regulatory
agency created by a number of
Ontario newspapers, the Toronto
Star among them, to provide a
means of redress against unfair
practices and abuse of freedom of
the press by member newspapers.
Gay community organizations
have charged that the Star
maintains a virtual press blackout
on the homosexual minority and its
struggle for civil rights.
Radio combines rule
Vancouver stations
Two years ago, the Star attempted to suppress The Body
Politic, a gay liberation
newspaper, by forcing its printer to
discontinue service. The Star owns
a controlling interest in the printing company. The gay newspaper
is now printed in Kitchener.
Despite the rulings of the press
council, the Star has refused to
abandon its anti-homosexual
policies. The council has no
mechanism for enforcing its
decisions.
Lynch plans to lodge a complaint
with the press council in connection with his course. He hopes a
change in the Star's attitude before
the winter session, when a second
gay studies course, gay themes in
North American literature, will be
offered.
Asked whether the university
would join Lynch in his complaint,
the school of continuing education
co-ordinator said: "I am not in a
position to do anything without
conferring with the central administration."
DECORATE    WITH    PRINTS
Th»
RESIDENCE SPRING TERM
WAITING LIST
Students presently on the Fall Term Residence Waiting Lists A &
B wishing to be on the Spring Waiting List must come to the
Housing Office the week of Sept. 30 to Oct. 4 to re-validate their
names.
Those not on Waiting Lists A or B may place their names on the
Spring Residence Waiting List on or after Oct. 7.
Rooms available for the Spring Term (to be occupied January 5)
will be offered to those on the Spring Waiting List daily at 12:30
p.m. commencing Dec. 9. The Residence fee must be paid at the
time of accepting a room assignment.
Office of the Director of Residences
October 1, 1974
From page 3
Moffatt Communications Ltd., a
Winnipeg-based company, and one
of the industries longest
established broadcasting firms
with holdings in five western cities.
CFUN, up for certification, is
owned by CHUM Ltd., based in
Toronto. CHUM is primarily,
engaged in radio and television
broadcasting through ownership or
substantial investment in several
radio stations, the largest being
CHUM-AM in Toronto.
Other activities conducted by the
company's subsidiaries include the
selling, leasing and servicing of
protection alarm systems;
manufacture and assembly of
educational toys; music publishing
and recording; marketing
research and the operation of a
news bureau that services some 27
AM and 10 FM stations across
Canada, reports the Financial
Post. In addition, subsidiaries
operate "Music by Muzak"
franchises.
Vancouver's biggest station
CKNW is owned by Western
Broadcasting Co. Ltd. which
through subsidiaries is engaged in
radio and television broadcasting
and related services in B.C.,
Alberta, Manitoba and Ontario.
Selkirk Holdings Ltd., 30 per cent
controlled by Southam Press, owns
CKWX in Vancouver and
numerous other stations in the
west.
It is the most important
broadcasting group in B.C., according to the Davey Report (the
special Senate committee study on
the mass media). Selkirk shares
ownership with Western Broadcasting in CHAN-TV in Vancouver
and CHEK-TV in Victoria as well
as jointly holding one-third interest
in Okanagan Valley Television Co.
Ltd.
"We're dealing with a very high
profit industry," Hughes said. "It's
like the '30s, they have a
prehistoric outlook."
It is reported that at the last CAB
annual meeting lawyers were
called in to conduct a special
workshop on how to keep unions
out of radio stations.
Hughes said there have never
been more than two or three radio
stations organized until the last six
months — and all these were in
eastern Canada.
He suggests that an industrial
inquiry in the broadcasting
business would not be uncalled for.
Hughes is not alone. The Davey
Report, published in 1970, concludes that "private broadcasters
no matter how sophisticated their
individual thought, seem by group
interaction to achieve a level
perhaps best described as Neanderthal."
The report concludes that the
CAB needs to be overhauled. "It
needs to stop thinking of its role as
simply that of staving off
regulations and to start developing
a positive, creative policy of information and research."
grin bin
3209 W. Broadway
738-2311
f(Opp. Liquor Store and Super ValufJ
Art Reproductions
Art Nouveau
Largest Selection
pf Posters in B.C.
Photo Blowups
from Negs & Prints
Jokes-Gifts, etc.
FEC0RATE   WITH   POSTER!
SPEAKER SPECIALISTS
The most important part of any stereo system is the
loudspeakers. Listed below are speakers we feel have
outstanding performance in their price range. Before
you look into any sound system, be sure to audition
them first.
Ohm E  $109
Infinity POS-1    $150
Fulton Musical 100 $179
Hegeman Labs 1 $200
KMAL Elf Major    .$285
ESS AMT-4   $299
Infinity Columns $359
ESS AMT-1 Tower $499
DAHLQUIST DQ-10 $599
For your best value in quality sound systems, come to the new
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2803 W. Broadway 736-7771
Corner of Broadway & Macdonald
■.HHHHH
KOH-I-NOOR
DAY
Oct. 7 at the UBC Bookstore
KOH-I-NOOR RAPIDOGRAPHI
RAWING PEN
and
Sblikan WATERPROOF DRAWING inks
KOH-l-NOOR's representative will be at the Bookstore    ;*«*«#
to demonstrate the rapidograph.
INTRODUCTORY OFFER:
10% off regular price on all rapidograph items, bring your present
pen for a    FREE cleaning (offer good for Oct. 17 only) Page 12
THE      UBYSSEY
Friday,  October 4,  1974
Af 1970 Kent State riot
U.S. Guard admits firing order
Canadian University Press
The officer commanding
several Ohio National Guardsmen
indicted for the 1970 shootings at
Kent State University has confirmed earlier reports that one of
those indicted gave the order to
fire.
Lt.-Col. Charles Fassinger made
the disclosure in a sworn
deposition filed recently in a civil
case in which he and more than 50
other persons are being sued for
their roles in the Kent incident
which left four students dead and
nine wounded.
Fassinger, who was the highest
uniformed officer on the scene of
Ottawa riot
started by
Mounties
OTTAWA (Staff) — Monday's
parliament hill confrontation
between RCMP and Native Indians
was provoked by the Mounties
according to a "frontline" participant in the demonstration
supporting Indian housing
demands.
The demonstrators wanted to get
up on the level of the parliament
buildings entrance where they
could be seen and talk to someone
inside, but were blocked by the
RCMP, demonstrator Bob
Buckingham said Thursday in a
telephone interview with The
Ubyssey.
"The RCMP had set up a barrier
at the top of the steps so no one
behind the barricade at the entrance could see the demonstrators," Buckingham said.
"These Indians came all the way
across Canada from B.C. to have a
demonstration, and now they
weren't going to be allowed to
carry through," he said.
Buckingham said that some
demonstrators broke through the
barricade initially, but native
Indian leaders called them back to
regroup. The demonstration was a
peaceful one until the RCMP attacked, he added.
"Then the demonstrators just
waited for 2-1/2 hours. At first,
there was just one line of Mounties
behind the barricade. Then they
brought in a second line.
"The governor-generals's honor
guard had semi-automatic rifles
with fixed bayonets. After the chief
justice went in, they turned and
faced the demonstrators.
"They had clips in their rifles — I
hope they weren't loaded."
Another two lines of Mounties
were brought in, to make a total of
four lines, he said.
At the end of the 2-1/2 hour wait,
the chief justice came out, and the
RCMP started to push people off
the hill, Buckingham said.
"There was a lull for 10 minutes
— then the riot squad came. The
riot squad pushed the demonstrators off the steps in a few
seconds."
The RCMP made free use of
their clubs, and used tear gas and
mace, said Buckingham.
"One blind Indian was thrown
over the steps, and another suffered a concussion," he said.
The Indians started using force
— throwing rocks and sticks —
only after the riot squad started
pushing," Buckingham said.
"I remember thinking, 'This is
like Kent State — this is like the
60s.' "
"CPC-ML (Communist Party of
Canada — Marxist Leninist) was
there in force, and I'm not a CPC-
MLer, but they didn't start any shit
until they were pushed off the
steps," he said.
the shootings, testified that an
order to fire had been given by Sgt.
Matthew J. McManus.
A U.S. justice department
summary of an 8,000-page FBI
report on the shootings
corroborated Fassinger's story,
but said: "Sgt. McManus stated
that after the firing began, he gave
an order to 'fire over their heads.'
There was no initial order to fire."
A source close to the case,
however, emphasized that the
summary was only of information
uncovered in the months immediately following the shooting
and is by no means the final word
on the matter.
It is expected that the question of
an order to fire will be more closely
pursued as additional witnesses
are interviewed and during subsequent court proceedings.
McManus is one of eight former
guardsmen indicted by the federal
grand jury which investigated the
shootings last winter after then
attorney-general Elliot Richardson
overruled the decisions of his
predecessors John Mitchell and
Richard Kleindienst forbidding
such a grand jury investigation.
McManus has taken the fifth
amendment in response to
questions about the shooting.
The criminal trial of McManus
and the seven other- indicted
guardsmen is scheduled to open in
Cleveland, Ohio, in two weeks.
The grand jury that indicted
them has not been discharged and
it is possible, although unlikely,
that there could be more indictments as more information
about the shootings emerges.
Meanwhile, independently of the
criminal cases, the civil cases are
also proceeding. The civil cases
are brought under the federal civil
rights laws, which provide money
damages for persons deprived of
their constitutional rights under
color of law.
All nine of the injured students,
plus the parents of all four of the
students killed at Kent, have such
cases pending. The cases have
been consolidated and will be tried
in federal court in Cleveland in
April, 1975.
The lengthy process of pre-trail
discovery is now going on, and it
was in the course of this discovery
process that Fassinger disclosed
his knowledge of McManus' order.
The discovery process was interrupted in 1970 when a federal
judge dismissed the civil cases. In
April of this year, however, the
dismissal was overturned by the
U.S. supreme court.
The most significant feature of
the civil cases is that they name as
defendents, not only the enlisted
personnel who fired their weapons
at the students on May 4, but also
the national guard commanders
and officials who were responsible
for placing the troops in the
situation with loaded weapons and
under orders to disperse peaceful
assemblies.
One of the civil defendents is
Sylvester Del Corso, a war hero
and former prison warden who
became Ohio's adjutant general in
1968.
It was Del Corso who implemented the extraordinary
policy of sending Ohio guardsmen
into routine civil disturbance duty
with live ammunition loaded in
their weapons — contrary te
regular army practice — and
under permissive rules regarding
the use of firearms.
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DYNACO • TEAC • PHILIPS • THORENS • TOSHIBA • SONY • PE • BRAUN • LAFAYETTE • THORENS • TOSHIBA • SONY Friday,  October 4,   1974
THE       UBYSSEY
Page 13
Whites war against blacks
From page 3
"It takes two to make violence:
one to initiate violence and the
other to react to it.
"In southern Africa, white racist
regimes initiate violence and
blacks react in response to this.
"We are not struggling to
liberate black people only but also
white people in captivity in
Rhodesia because they do not
believe in racism. Many whites
have been victimized, terrorized
and faced with fear of deportation
by the Smith regime.
"Some people ask us: what
nature of government would you
establish in Zimbabwe? What is
your ideology? If you study
revolutions (those that have
succeeded, not those that were
betrayed), you will accept the fact
that unless the leadership is
Marxist-oriented, it is difficult for
the revolution to succeed. That is
simply an historical fact."
In an interview, Ndlovu said
ZAPU was sympathetic to Tan-
zanian socialism of Julius Nyerere
for example.
Ndlovu described the military
situation in Rhodesia, saying that
Smith's regime was panicking,
both because of increased guerilla
activity and also because Smith's
old allies, the Portuguese colonies
of Mozambique, Angola and
Guineau-Bissau, had fallen to
African liberation forces.
"The struggles of the Africans in
Angola and Mozambique helped to
contribute to democracy in Portugal itself for it was Portugal's
expensive colonial wars that
precipitated the military coup in
Lisbon."
He said ZAPU was working in
close collaboration with
FRELIMO, the Mozambique
liberation movement and with
other external freedom-fighters
like the African National Congress
of South Africa.
When asked why ZAPU had not
set up "liberated zones" in
Rhodesia as FRELIMO had done
in Mozambique, he said: "The
situation is completely different in
Zimbabwe. In the Portuguese
. colonies, there were large areas of
land that were untouched, that the
Portuguese had never penetrated
and it was possible to set up
liberated zones.
"This can't be done in Zimbabwe
because   it   has   been   intensely
PANGO PANGO (UNS) -
Government forces beat off the
ABF insurgents on the outskirts of
Pango Pango this morning.
Insurgent forces had been
shelling the capital for 40 minutes,
using Soviet-made slingshots and
frisbees.
Three civilians were killed and
11 wounded by the shelling.
According to the government
news service, The Daily Blah, 17
insurgents were killed in the raid.
colonized. Every inch of land,
every bit of wildlife, is under
political control."
And the        geographical
distribution of the people also
prohibits this sort of strategy,
"Instead, we were fighting for
liberation of the whole country at
once."
Ndlovu described ZAPU's
method of operation as "semi
urban guerilla warfare." This
means intensive sabatage of industrial and government installations and strong counterattacks against the police and
army, he said.
When asked by a member of the
audience if ZAPU also attacked
white settlers, Ndlovu said: "We
attack military troops and supply
lines, not civilians, either black or
white.
"But often, white farms are used
as supply bases for the army and
then, of course, we must attack."
Ndlovu said the armed struggle
is currently severe and pitched
battles are being fought. One of
these battles was fought a few
months ago just miles out of the
Rhodesian capital of Salisbury.
He said the white Rhodesians are
receiving a great deal of outside
help. South Africa currently has
10,000 troops in the area.
"The Canadian ruling class is
also directly supporting Smith's
regime," Ndlovu said. "Canadian
firms such as Falconbridge mines,
Bata shoes, Alcan and Massey-
Ferguson have large investments
in the area and exploit black
workers ruthlessly."
He said Falconbridge mines
pays its black workers a starting
wage of 52 cents a day.
Ndlovu said economic sanctions
as those urged by Britain against
Rhodesia do not work and are a
complete farce. Rhodesia simply
imports and exports indirectly
through its ally, South Africa.
Both the Heath and Wilson
governments in Britain are totally
hypocritical and are working
secretly in close collusion with
Smith, he said.
In the interview, Nkomo amplified on the history of ZAPU. He
described how Africans had formed political parties with peaceful
demands like parlimentary voice,
but these parties had been successively banned.
The attack followed by just three
weeks a change in government in
Pango Pango in which the conservative old-line forces that ruled
last year established themselves in
an advisory role to Queen Lesley,
the young ruler who has been in
power only since April.
Her first act had been to clamp
down and attempt to control the
news media by instituting
revolting left wing polices.
Amazing but false.
CVSO
NEEDS
Engineers       Architects
Accountants
For teaching, training and practical jobs in the developing
countries of Africa, Asia, Latin America, the Caribbean and
the South Pacific.
INFORMATION SESSION:
TUESDAY, OCTOBER 8th, 1974
ROOM 400, INTERNATIONAL HOUSE
7:30 P.M.
CUSO FILM WILL BE SHOWN. STAFF MEMBER FROM
CUSO HEAD OFFICE WILL BE ON HAND TO DISCUSS
AVAILABLE JOBS. EVERYONE WELCOME.
Finally, when ZAPU was banned, it decided under the leadership of Joshua Nkomo to go underground. He admitted a
breakaway group from ZAPU
called ZANU was also operating in
Rhodesia, but minimized their
differences as personal and
historical, rather than ideological.
Some of the repressive measures
Smith uses are Collective punishment — if troops can't find
guerillas in an area, they punish
civilians), protected villages
where villagers are fenced in and
moving whole villages to desert
areas in the south where they
starve, he said.
Nkomo said the financial aid
they were asking for was only to be
used for non-military purposes, to
aid destitute families whose
members were in prison and to
give medical aid to civilians.
Ndlovu and Nkomo speak today
at Simon Fraser University and at
8 p.m. tonight at the Fisherman's
Hall.
[WIDY.K LUI PRESENTS
PICTURES
a ballet trilogy
by John Neumeier
Introducing
•^•••_«
••#V ••   • • •
? • ••  ••••^ •• •••
•l • • •
!••• .V*
• ••
•••
•••
• ••••
•••••••   •
••••
ROY4L •
IrVINNIPEG t
B4I&ET "
Arnold Spohr, director
Four
Performances Only! ^fe
THURSDAY to SATURDAY - October 10 to 12
Queen Elizabeth Theatre - 8:30 p.m.       HZ
(Matinee: Saturday October 12 - 2:30 p.m.)
Vancouver Ticket Centre, 630 Hamilton St. (683-3255). All Eaton's Stores,
Bayside Sound (Whiterock), Bellingham Sound Centre and M 4 R Sports (Port Coquitlam)
=5=^^, =    This series of performances made possible
=  rt =~=     through a grant from IBM Canada Ltd.
$5.00
$4.00
Phone 683-3255 for further information or to
charge your EATON'S account.
With music of Simon & Garfunkle,
Emerson Lake & Palmer, Scriabin
SPECIAL OFFER TO UBC STUDENTS ONLY
TWO FOR PRICE OF ONE!
Students must show AMS Card
at time of ticket purchase. Page  14
THE       UBYSSEY
Friday,  October 4,  1974
Hot flashes
speaks here
David Anderson, the man who
made a habit of getting thrown
out of the legislative assembly in
Victoria, brings the chicken and
egg war to UBC today.
The scourge of the socialist
horde and darling of bafflegabbing
liberals, Anderson is the leader of
all the Liberal MLAs currently
holding office in B.C. All five of
them.
Anderson, pronounced awnder-
son, perhaps the most accessible
of B.C.'s political party leaders
(when you're number three, you
try harder) speaks at noon in the
SUB clubs lounge.
He will be quoted.
Ski club
The first UBC club designed
specifically for skiers will hold its
first general meeting Tuesday, to
which all interested ski nuts are
invited.
The UBC ski club was formed
over the last six months and has
taken over the Whistler Mountain
Tween
classes
TODAY
LINGUISTICS AND ANTHROSOC
Thomas Sebeok on semiotics and its
congenors, 3:30 p.m. Bu. 102.
UBC LIBERALS
David Anderson, noon, SUB club's
lounge.
GAY PEOPLE OF UBC
General  meeting, noon, SUB 105B.
YOUNG SOCIALISTS
Steve Watson speaks in defense of
artistic freedom, 8 p.m., 1208
Granville.
CAMPUS CRUSADE FOR CHRIST
Multi-media      presentation,      if      I
should die, noon, SUB auditorium.
THIRD WORLD STUDY GROUP
Organizational meeting and discussion, noon, Lutheran campus centre.
GAY PEOPLE OF UBC
General meeting, noon, SUB 105B;
rap session, 8 p.m., SUB 213.
UBC SKYDIVING CLUB
Discussion of first jump course,
party and Comox meet, noon, SUB
215.
SATURDAY
CHINESE VARSITY CLUB
Frosh dance with Echo lake band, 8
p.m., SUB party room.
MUSSOC
Auditions for leads, chorus and
dancers in George M!,. 1 p.m. to 5
p.m. old auditorium.
UBC OLD TIME BOTTLE CLUB
Antique bottle show, 10 a.m. to 10
p.m., Sunday, 10 a.m. to 5 p.m.,
New Westminster arena.
NIGERIAN STUDENTS
ASSOCIATION
Dance to celebrate Nigeria's national day, 8 p.m., IH lower lounge.
NEWMAN CLUB
Beer night, 8:30 p.m., St. Mark's
college.
AUCE LOCAL ONE
Party and dance to celebrate signing
first contract, 8 p.m., Commodore
ballroom.
SHITO-RYU KARATE
Practice, 10:30 a.m., SUB 207-209.
LUTHERAN STUDENT MOVEMENT
Worship and music workshop, 9:30
a.m. Lutheran campus centre.
SUNDAY
LUTHERAN STUDENT MOVEMENT
Worship and celebration, 10:30 a.m.
Lutheran campus centre.
MONDAY
CCCM
Supper  discussion, 4:30  p.m.,  Lutheran campus centre.
UBC KARATE CLUB
Practice,  7 p.m., SUB party room.
TUESDAY
GERMAN CLUB
German  oral   practice,   7  p.m.,  IH
406.
LUTHERAN STUDENT MOVEMENT
Dinner   and   discussion    with   Jim
Wolfe,   6   p.m.,   Lutheran   campus
centre.
CUSO
Information session, 7:30 p.m.,  IH
400.
CHARISMATIC
CHRISTIAN FELLOWSHIP
Weekly fellowship, noon, Lutheran
campus centre conference room.
UBC SKI CLUB
First general meeting, noon, Angus
104.
ski   cabin   formerly   run   by  the   three   public  events  this  month.
Varsity Outdoor Club. Unlike       certain
T
held
r  t  a   i
gurus we
The  general   meeting  will  be 15-going-on-45-year-old guru:
,,old in Angus 104 at noon Tues- know of, the Gyalwa is the real
day. New members can sign up. thing,   part   of   a   2,500-yea
Canuck art
The Brock Hall collection of
paintings and sculpture by Canadian artists will go on display in
the SUB art gallery Monday until
Oct. 18.
Gallery hours are 10:30 a.m. to
4:30 p.m. Monday to Friday and
1 p.m. to 5 p.m. Sunday. Admission is free.
Karma
Karma bums, take note.
The Gyalwa Karmapa, the spiritual head of the Kagyu order of
Tibetan Buddhism will appear at
rVIIVVV        \mt I , Ull/        UyUIVTU       ••?       LIU*      I   L.MI
thing,   part   of   a   2,500-year-old
order.
He will appear at a reception,
ceremony and initiations between
Oct. 18 and 22. For further information call the Tibetan Dharma
Centre, 873-1991.
Blood needed
The Red Cross blood clinic
continues today in SUB 207 and
209.
Today is the last day the blood
donor clinic will be held at UBC.
This year's clinic hopes to collect
over 2,000 pints of blood from
UBC students.
 CCCM	
STUDY OPPORTUNITIES
Beginning Oct. 7
Monday — 7:30 p.m.
Eastern Religions
Thought—Prof. J. Richarson
Monday - 8 p.m. Tues. - 12:30
Theology vs Autobiography
— G. Hermanson
Fri. - 12:30
New Testament and Anti Semitism
— Prof. L. Gaston
LUTHERAN CAMPUS CENTRE
Thurs. -12:30
AT S.U.B. 212A
Journey into Personhood
— Phil Thatcher
for information Ph. 224-3722
Weekly at Centre — Monday Suppers 4:30-7
Wed. 12:30 Eucharist
Co-operative Christian Campus Ministry
HELP YOURSELF!
FREE SELF-HELP
WORKSHOPS TO
INCREASE YOUR SKILLS
WORKSHOP 1 -EFFECTIVE STUDY HABITS
Four one hour sessions on developing
more efficient methods of study.
WORKSHOP 2 -EFFECTIVE ESSAY WRITING
Eight one  hour sessions to improve
your essay writing skills.
WORKSHOP 3 -"GETTING ALONG"
A workshop to explore attitudes and
feelings toward ourselves and others.
WORKSHOP 4 -ORAL ENGLISH IMPROVEMENT-
FOR NON NATIVE SPEAKERS
A workshop to assist in the development of oral English.
These free programs are designed to help students
develop skills. All workshops commence the week of
October 14th. Sign up NOW since limited enrollment.
The Office of Student Services
Ponderosa Annex 7
SPONSORED BY THE OFFICE OF STUDENT SERVICES IN
CO-OPERATION WITH THE DEAN OF WOMEN'S OFFICE.
Notice of Elections:
Arts
Undergraduate
Oociety
Nominations are now opened for
the following A. U.S. positions:
• PRESIDENT
• 2 A.M.S. REPS.
Submit nominations to the
A.U.S. Office
Nominations Close:
Fri.f Oct. 10, 4:30 p.m.
ELECTION: Fri., Oct. 17
THS CLASSIFIEDS
RATES:   Campus — 3 lines, 1 day $1.00; additional lines 25c.
Commercial — 3 lines, 1 day $1.80; additional lines
40c. Additional days $1.50 & 35c.
Classified ads are not accepted by telephone and are payable in
advance. Deadline is 11:30 a.m., the day before publication.
Publications Office, Room 241, S.U.B., UBC, Van. 8, B.C.
5 — Coming Events
FRBESE: The Ascent of Man, now
showing every Wed. at 12:35 p.m.
SUB Aud. Free.
11 — For Sale — Private
HEWLETT PACKARD H.P.-80 Finance
calculator, five months old. $375
687-1341 evenings.
'73 VW BUG. One owner, warranty,
radials, tape deck, snow tires. Must
sell. $2,800. 732-5492
210 cm K2 4 Comp skis, siza 9 K2 ski
boots. Phone 224-0440.
15 — Found
MONEY    found    between    Brock    and
Walter Gage.   CaU 685-1158.
20 — Housing
WHISTLER SKI CHALET. Furn., stereo,
max. 10 resp. people to share. 224-
4097 Van.  932-5734 Alta.
25 — Instruction
BOATINC CLASSES for sail and power
now commencing at The Dunbar
Community Centre and other locations. For information phone 228
9332. The Vancouver Power Squadron-
30 — Jobs
ROOM & BOARD available in Faculty
home plus $50 month for student to
assist with preparation of evening
meal, some housework & occasional
supervision of 3 children when not
in school. Must be available from 3
p.m. daily. Private quarters with
phone & TV. Near Blanca & 4th.
Non-smoker.   224-5056.
DOWNTOWN restaurant under construction looking for art student or
teacher who would like parttime job
creating signs, logo and special art
work.  Call Garry, 681-5201 days.
SUPERVISORS needed for communitj
sponsored dances to augment regular
personnel on week-end nites. $5 hour.
738-0679, 9-5.
35 — Lost
LOST watch, ladies in vicinity o'
Sedgewick or Main Mall. Call Kathy
Smith,   922-2863.
BROWN LEATHER wallet lost on Aug.
26 in SUB Cafe. Alan, 437-0304. Reward  if returned.
50 — Rentals
COSTUMES — Reserve your Halloween
costume now & avoid the last minute
rush. Dunbar Costumes, 5648 Dunbar,
263-9011.
60 — Rides
65 — Scandals
DISCOUNT STEREO: Example: A.G.S.
AM-FM stereo receiver, 2 speakers,
base, cover, cartridge, list $200, your
cost $125.AM-FM< digital clock-radio,
$35. 8-digit calculator AC-DC function ( + , —, X, —) list $79, your cost
$49. Also Corry, Akai, Sony. Call
325-0366 aftr 6 p.m.
80 — Tutoring
85 — Typing
ACCURATE typing done in my home.
Del. & pickup. 2665 West Broadway.
274-9015.
90-Wanted
C.R.C. HANDBOOK of Chemistry and
Physics. (Recent edition). Phone 738-
7984 after 7:00.
CASH FOR paperback books. I will
pick up.  Call 876-5687 after 6 a.m.
99 — Miscellaneous
ROCK and Boogie Band "Hellhound
Train" open for bookings as of Oct.
1st. Very reasonable rates. Phone
224-6401  ask for  Wayne.
Use Ubyssey Classified
TO SELL - BUY - INFORM
The U.B.C. Campus
MARKET PLACE
. Friday, October 4,  1974
THE       UBYSSEY
Page 15
Sweet revenge in UBC rugby win
By TOM BARNES
Revenge was sweet for the
Thunderbird rugby team as they
soundly defeated a chippy
University of Victoria side 17-6 in
Canada West action at UBC
Thursday.
It was those same UVic Vikings
who handed the 'Birds a 3-0 loss
last, year to win the Canada West
title.
This time round there was no
way. The  'Birds opened quickly
and kept the game under complete
control.
Fly half John Billingsley put the
'Birds in the lead with a drop goal
in the first minute of play.
Willy MacKenzie made a superb
pass to centre Rob Google who
went in for a try to give the 'Birds a
7-0 lead.
The Vikings fullback Rick Couch
and UBC's scrum half Preston
Wiley then traded penalty kicks to
end the first half with a 10-3 score.
During the second half the 'Birds
backfield seemed to get untracked
a little bit, but it took a tremendous
run by prop Warwick Harivel to
push across the only try of the half.
Once again Wiley and Couch
exchanged penalty kicks to round
out the scoring.
The UBC scrum, led by the
capable play of flanker Frank
Carson, put in a strong performance. However the backfield
seemed to have some problems
putting it all together.
SPOR TS
Dangerous rushes by the 'Birds
went for nought a number of times
either because of errant passes or
the ball carrier simply taking one
step too many and being tackled
before passing.
'Bird head coach, Donn Spence,
said he felt there were two explanations for this.
In the first place, he said, there
are a couple of men out with injuries and while their
replacements are capable enough,
they simply haven't had enough
playing time with their teammates.
Spence also said the tight
defensive game — with lots of
kicking —employed by the Vikings
hampered the wide-open style the
'Birds favor.
UVic  was never really in the
DETERMINED UBC FLY HALF John Billingsly makes break through
University of Victoria backs Thursday during 17-6 'Bird victory at
Thunderbird Stadium,
to open game scoring.
—marise savaria photo
Billingsly kicked an early three point drop kick
'Birds boot two wins down south
The Thunderbirds soccer team
has won all three games so far in
its Colorado roadtrip.
The 'Birds beat Metropolitan
State in their opener Sept. 28.
Whitecap Daryl Samson opened
the scoring in the first half on a
breakaway.
Winger Peter Makelke added .to
the score before Rick Houghton
booted in the winning goal.
Despite what the score might
suggest, the Americans did not
offer too much competition.
"They were very lucky to have
escaped with only a one-goal difference," said midfielder Ken
Legge who preceded the team
home for personal reasons.
The UBC team went on to thrash
the Cafe Promenade 4-1 Oct. 2. The
score would have been greater if
the 'Birds didn't have three goals
called back for offsides. Houghton
added another two goals to his
tally, while Samson and Makelke
took care of the other goals.
The 'Birds continued their
winning streak with a 2-0 win
against Colorado College Oct. 2.
The UBC players started slow, but
the Americans couldn't capitalize
on this. Samson opened the scoring
through a penalty kick and
Houghton sank another in for his
fourth goal of the series.
The 'Birds were originally
scheduled to play the Colorado
Springs All-stars Sept. 30, but this
game was cancelled.
The next UBC game will be today
against the U.S. air force
academy, where the team will be
trying for a 4-0-0 record and the
sharpshooting trio of Houghton,
Samson and Makelke will try to
add to their score tally.
"The Americans," according to
Legge,   "were in good  physical
condition, but didn't know how to
handle the ball."
The UBC players, whenever they
were not feeling the effects of pre-
game parties, managed to play like
a team for the first time ever and
completely outclassed the
American teams.
They hope the same thing will
happen against the Vancouver
teams. Even though this may seem
very doubtful, at least now Coach
Joe Johnson will have a more
confident team to work with.
game, failing to launch any substantial rushes on their own accord. The Vikings seemed content
to hang back and try to prevent the
'Birds from penetrating too deep
into their end.
This defensive style, often
employing tactics of dubious
legality, kept the game on the dull
side, but succeeded in that it
also kept the 'Birds from running
away from them completely.
For the Thunderbirds, it was an
over-all strong performance and
their third straight win.
They will try to add number four
to the streak in a game with the
Trojans this Saturday at 2:30 in
Thunderbird Stadium.
Then in two weeks' time it is off
to Calgary for the second round of ,
the Canada West playoffs.
shorts
The Engineers are finding that
winning the men's intramurals this
year will not be quite as easy as it
was last year, when they walked
away with the title.
Delta Kappa Epsilon has given
notice to the Gears that their
supremacy will not go unchallenged. After coming a close
second to the Engineers in the
Contract Mile Sept. 27, they came
back Wednesday to take the swim
meet, 78 points to 71 from the
Engineers.
The results of the Contract Mile
illustrate just how close the
competition between these two
titans is. Four people guessed
within one second how long it
would take them to run the mile.
They were Dekes Mike Mclndoe
and Gord Kettleson, and Engineers
Gary MacDonald and the
mysterious I. Brown.
The brewing feud will continue
Oct. 17 with the Arts 20 race, the 8-
mile, 8-man relay race that starts
(not ends) at the Vancouver
General Hospital at 12th and
Willow.
The UBC Thunderbirds football
team snapped out of a one-game
winning skid, worsting the
University of Alberta Golden
Bears 10-53 Saturday.
Enough of the sarcasm. Apparently the football team actually
played much better than the score
belied, being in the contest until the
final quarter, when the Bears
scored 31 quick points and coach
Frank Smith professes to be
satisfied with the progress his
team is making toward competitiveness.
The Birds play the University of
Manitoba Bisons in Winnipeg
Saturday.
A study by psychologists at the
University of Yukon in Yellowknife
shows that sports reporters suffer
from a lower incidence of
schizophrenia, manic depression,
paranoia, monotremata and rabies
than any other group at an average
Canadian university.
So if you want to get in on this,
come up to the Ubyssey office in
the northeast corner of SUB (room
241K) and tell someone there you
need psychiatric care and would
like to become a sports reporter.
UBC SKI CLUB
The SKI CLUB offers:
—Free accommodation at Whistler cabin
—Group rate ski lessons
—Group rate transportation
—Interior Mtn. ski trips
—Social functions
FIRST GENERAL MEETING
TUESDAY, OCTOBER 8, 1974 ANGUS 104
RESERVE OFFICER
UNIVERSITY TRAINING PLAN
THE ROYAL WESTMINSTER REGT. has vacancies for young
men 19 to 25 interested in earning the Queen's Commission in
Canada's Reserve Army. This is a 2 year program involving
Saturday and Summer training. Earn good pay while you learn.
See us at The Armoury, 6th St. & Queens Ave., New Westminster
on Sat. 9 A.M. to 3 P.M. or Tues. 8 P.M. to 10 P.M. Call
5224342. Page 16
THE       UBYSSEY
Friday,  October 4,  1974
Indians ready to fight society
By DAVID FULLER
"We know that the stage of armed confrontations and uprisings
will be coming, not only from the
Anishinabe (native Indian) people
but from the working class, trade-
unions and all progressive people.
"In the past 400 years, white
authority has waged undeclared
war against the native people. The
natives are fighting back. This is
the stage of uniting amongst
ourselves and with other people to
face the common enemy."
This is how Louis Cameron,
chairman of the Ojibway Warrior
Society summed up the history of
struggle of the Native Indian
people in a press conference held to
announce the caravan to Ottawa
and demonstration at the opening
of Parliament.
The Ojibway Warrior Society led
a militant armed occupation of
Anishinabe park near Kenora, Ont.
in August. Object of the occupation
was to take back the park, which
native Indians claim had been
illegally sold by the federal Indian
Affairs department to the city of
Kenora in 1959.
The warriors were successful in
forcing the federal, provincial and
municipal governments to enter
into direct negotiations with the
leaders of the Ojibway Warrior
Society.
Native Indians from bands
throughout B.C. had an armed
blockade of Highway 12, north of
Cache Creek, B.C. this summer.
Highway 12 runs through the
Bonaparte reserve.
The action was taken to back up
demands for negotiations with the
Indian Affairs department to
improve housing conditions on the
reserve and for ine return of Indian
lands throughout B.C. to native
Indians. The department entered
into negotiations with the Indian
leaders the day after the Indians
took up arms.
Recently, native Indian militants
organized a caravan of Indians and
supporters to travel across Canada
from Vancouver to Ottawa,
culminating in a demonstration at
the opening of parliament.
Although the caravan and
demonstration were peaceful,
there was violence at the end when
the RCMP attacked the demonstrators.
The purpose of the caravan was
to make it possible for the militants
to see the condition of all Indians
across the country firsthand, to
begin to organize nationally and to
present their grievances directly to
the government.
What are the causes of such
activity, and where will it lead?
The militant leaders of the
recent upsurges give the best
answers.
In an open letter from the
Ojibway Warrior Society and the
warriors of Cache Creek, they say:
"There has been prolonged oppression against our people that
has degenerated critically
throughout the centuries into an
inhuman policy of bureaucratic
and legal war that slowly but
definitely is ending the lives of
many Anishinabe People.
"The housing conditions are in a
state of constant threat of fire.- The
shacks have to hold large families;
with no water or sewage and no>
electricity.
"And the twisted wicks are what
lights the experience of the young
people of home.
"Out of the 85 people that yearly
die violently in the Kenora area,
approximately 15 per cent die as a
result of fire. Ninety-five per cent
of Anishinabe People are
unemployed. Four thousand are
imprisoned each year in Kenora.
The suicide rate is critical. The
school dropout rate is 75 per cent of
the enrolment in high school. This
is the condition of our people.
"The Anishinabe People rose up
and took the gun in active
resistance to the policy that has
proven to our people that it must be
shot down. This is the reason for
the armed liberation of Anishinabe
Park in Kenora and of the highways in Cache Creek, B.C.
"Anishinabe park was taken
from the Anishinabe people by the
Indian Affairs department and sold
illegally to the city of Kenora in
1959. The Ojibway Warrior Society
liberated the land which rightfully
belongs to the Anishinable people.
"In the area of Cache Creek,
B.C., the highways run through
the land that belongs to the
Anishinabe people. The warriors of
Cache Creek set up armed
barricades to regain control of the
land that belongs to the Anishinabe
people."
They see their current struggles
as a continuation of their centuries-
old struggle against European
colonialists. In the same open
letter, they writer "Since 1492, we,
the Anishinabe people, have been
in constant struggle against the
aggressive system of foreign
powers. "We have met soldiers and
their guns representing those who
have sought to control other
nations in this world. To this day
we face the same enemy. We have
faced the great ships, the great
trains that affect all of us in this
land. We have faced the churches
and religions. We have faced the
government Indian Affairs
department and their anti-Indian
policies."
Land claims and hereditary
rights to hunt and fish are crucial
issues.
In an interview in August,
Cameron said that Indian people
living in the Kenora area have lost
their main source of livelihood due
to the poisoning of their lakes and
rivers with mercury pollution. It
can be fatal to eat the fish, and
even drinking the water over a
period of time will result in serious
poisoning and possible death.
Cameron said that native people
in the area cannot accept the long,
drawn-out procedure of fighting
through the court against- the
companies which have caused the
pollution.
He said that in all these cases,
while the court case drags on and
on, the destruction of the livelihood
of the native peoples carries on.
The courts will never decide on
behalf of the Indian people, as their
set of laws is alien to the Indian
concepts of sovereignty and independence, Cameron said.
"If life is to continue for Indian
people, life must depend on free
land. And our people must take
guns and free that land," he said.
The militant leaders make it
very clear that their struggle is not
against all white people. As they
see it, the battle is not whites
versus Indians — it is rich versus
poor, white authorities against
oppressed people.
At a public meeting in Montreal
in September, Cameron said, ". . .
there is the feeling that all of us as
human beings, not only Indian
people, French people, black
people, Chicanos, but all of us as
human beings — we all join
together to beat this imperialist
monster."
Do the native people listen to
these militants? Do they have any
support from other native Indians?
At the same public meeting in
Montreal, Cameron said, "Before
we occupied the park (Anishinabe
Park), we talked to a lot of people
in the area, especially on the
reservations. The people supported
us.
"When we organized a caravan,
we did it consciously because we
realize that the greatest power
around is in all the people put
together. It's not how many guns
you can get, but all the people,
people who are conscious and
aware of the enemy.
"The people have to fight the
war. It'll take a lot of work, a lot of
education, a lot of de-education
about old things and new
education, new discipline happening with our people.
"This new discipline that's
coming up, this uprising, it's a
conscious thing. We don't take up
the gun just to go shoot and kill
anybody. We're picking it up
because we know it's the only way
we're going to fight.
"And our people are getting
really frustrated, they're really
angry, they really want to get it on
right away, they don't want to just
sit around, they want a general
uprising, everybody just run out in
the street and shoot the first police
they see.
"We realize that there's a lot of
work to do, to educate our people so
that it's a general mass movement
of people and we join the ranks of
the working class.
"At the same time, we're
building an army of people and
we'll be armed with guns."
The militants are gaining some
support from other native Indian
leaders. Two days after the
demonstration at the opening of
parliament — a peaceful one until
the RCMP attacked the demonstrators — the Vancouver Province
reported :
"Meanwhile, Indian groups
across the country threw their
weight behind the militants,
warning of future, more violent
demonstrations if there is no
change in government policy.
According to Cameron, "Our
people have been armed all along.
I don't know if you are aware of our
history. In the past 25 years, there
have been occupations all over the
place where they've armed. There
have been fishing rights struggles
where the people have been armed,
other takeovers in the U.S. and
throughout Canada where .people
have been armed.
"This armed confrontation, it
didn't start in Kenora, it didn't
start in Cache Creek, or Wounded
Knee, or with Sitting Bull or Crazy
Horse.
"The struggle of the Indian
people, the Anishinabe people, on
this continent has been constantly
armed. Right from the word go,
they've been fighting with the
gun."
IBM Canada Ltd. needs
people to work in an environment that's always interesting,
and often demanding, but
never dull.
We need technically-
oriented people and people-
oriented people. We need
thinkers and we need doers.
Interviews on Nov. 6-8
Our recruiters will be
coming to campus soon, to
talk with people who think that
they could have a future with
IBM. If you would like to set up
a meeting, tell your college
Placement Office, and at the
same time give them a copy of
your personal resume. Then
let's talk about it.
IBM
IBM Canada Ud

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