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The Ubyssey Mar 18, 1994

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Array fnday 18 march 1994
meeting deadlines, meeting destiny^tfte€iing friends, me?nn/for tea since 1918
volume 76. issue 41
What happened to the other 34 per cent of Canadians?
by niva chow
Last week's release of a public
opinion poll shows increases in
levels of intolerance said the
mainstream media.
Recent poll results from Ekos
Research Associates Inc on the
front page of The Globe and Mail
suggest that "Most Canadians
believe there are 'too many
immigrants,' especially from
visible minorities." The Globe's
Murray Campbell further reported
the "survey does not mean that
Canada has shed its compassion
and embraced intolerance."
If increased violence against
visible minorities by the Canadian
military and law enforcement
officials are any indication of the
tradition of "compassion," then
perhaps we should add daily
accounts of racial slurs and abuse
as well.
The Ekos poll, designed to aid
future immigration policies, also
suggested "too many immigrants
feel no obligation to adapt to
Canadian values." Ekos
determined that 16 per cent of
Canada's population were extreme
xenophobes, 25 per cent feel
threatened by immigration during
a recession and 25 per cent are
becoming concerned about controls
on admissions.
The remaining 34 per cent
remained unseen, which leaves the
poll coverage incomplete. Despite
this, The Vancouver Sun 14 March
editorial states "although
[immigrants] are adding to the
country's ethnic variety, their
cultural contributions are not
always quickly or easily fitted into
a Canadian context."
According to president of Ekos
research Frank Graves, the poll
surveyed 2369 individuals based
on random digit dialing in
February 1994. The survey
interviewed the members of the
household over 16 with the most
recent birthday. Graves further
said the survey questioned those
who were fluent in either french
or english. "Those who don't speak
either language, can't speak in
the interview."
The poll also showed 67 per
cent of Torontonians expressed
anti-immigration sentiment,
while in Vancouver 51 per cent
said there were too many
immigrants.
The Globe suggested the
dichotomy between Toronto and
Vancouver was linked to the
economy. Vancouver's lower rates
were due to the influx ofthe Pacific
Rim, while Toronto had "no
intellectual framework to justify
the social change caused by
immigration."
The Sun editorial devoted to
the poll seemed to say education
would solve systemic Canadian
racism. "Canadians must be
patient. It will take time for us to
understand them. But [former
immigration minister Barbara
McDougall] is right—more should
be done to help the process along."
It is clear that both McDougall
and the Vancouver Sun are only
exacerbating the problem by
drawing the distinction between
"us" versus "them". It seems that
"us" constitutes the "white"
Canadian and "them" is equated
with visible minorities. This factor
only serves to divide.
Writing that immigration
must be justified suggests to the
public that migration to Canada
is detrimental. In an interview
with the Sun, Vancouver
association of Chinese Canadians
(VACC) president Victor Wong
stated the poll was superficial
"because it failed to reveal the
source of what appears to be
growing racial intolerance in
Canada."
In an interview with The
Ubyssey, Wong described the poll
as "a snapshot without any further
research. If four in ten feel there
are too many visible minorities
and three-quarters surveyed value
diversity, there seems to be
contradictory results... for the
media to focus on too many
minorities is racist, especially
since not all minorities are
immigrants."
Wong said the traditional
notion ofthe Canadian identity is
also problematic. "What they're
[the mainstream media] saying is
that white european culture is
being compromised. The British
and the French histories are part
of Canada, but so are Chinese-
Canadians, African-Canadians
and so on.
"We have to be conscious of
the codewords that the
newspapers are using. They are
using a few incidents to
characterize the whole
culture...The racial link needs to
be rebuffed and repudiated in the
media."
Immigrants versus white Canada
All bow to the new god of the 20th century
UBYSSEY FILE PHOTO
by niva chow
The Vancouver Sun uses
stereotypes of immigrants to
further racist attitudes—but they
cannot seem to decide which
stereotypes to use. Reports on
family values, economy and crime
are reinforcing racist attitudes in
their portrayal of immigrants and
refugees.
The year 1994 started with a
bang when the local media covered
a story on the new year's baby.
The mainstream newspapers
reported the birth ofthe child was
an immigration scam by family
wanting to have the child born a
Canadian citizen. The Sun's
editorial on 6 January stated, "It's
a sign of how disgruntled
Canadians are over the
immigration issue that the happy
news of a birth can become a
flashpoint... it feeds the growing
anger over perceived abuses, such
as the practice of foreign women
to give birth in Burnaby hospital
to take advantage ofthe automatic
citizenship law."
The Sun did not properly
verify the story because the woman
and her husband are landed
immigrants. In the reporting of
the story itself, Alex Strachan of
the Sun managed to mix the names
of the husband and the wife,
indicating how uneducated and
misinformed the media is on
immigration issues.
In a series on immigration by
the Sun, Moira Farrow reported
"immigrants are not as skilled as
they used to be... they are not as
fluent...[and] they are not as
educated."
Farrow also warned of how
immigrants affected the economy,
basing her research on
information from the Fraser
Institute and C.D.Howe
Institute—two right-wing think
tanks.
"A myriad of costs will rise—
everything from welfare to
language classes," wrote Farrow,
neglecting  any  sources  from
minority groups. In fact, in a VACC
survey questioning 180 of 1000
Chinese refugees turned down for
refugee status, 71 per cent
indicated they had never received
welfare and 86 per cent had paid
income tax for one year or more.
The following article, "Asia
replaces Europe as Canada's major
source of new immigrants,"
Farrow introduces the typical
immigrant as "a Hong Kong
businessman with a fat bank
account and a fear of Communism
taking over his life." Later Farrow
wrote the status of immigrants
has changed: "their skills,
education, language, job training,
finances—or lack of all those
things."
Farrow is contradicting
herself in her definition of the
filthy rich Chinese immigrant
versus uneducated foreigners
riding the welfare system. She
does not even seem to know what
an immigrant is, as she includes
refugees as part ofthe immigrant
class. In Canada, "a paradise for
refugees, compared with many
other countries" Farrow reports
on the tighter immigration policies
of other countries as a result of
"refugee problems."
The Sun is feeding the anti-
immigration scare with comments
like a description of Germany
becoming an "uncheckable vehicle
of uncontrolled migration."
Subsequent news coverage in
the Sun about ESL suggested
"teachers can't give the proper
attention to non-Asians when they
have to spend so much time
explaining things several times to
others." Comments like this are
damaging to immigrants and the
Asian communities because it
implies they are a burden on the
education system.
On reporting crime, the Sun
has also identified the race of non-
white individuals, even when it is
not relevant to the story. In an
article by Pamela Fayerman on
the heroin trade, Fayerman wrote,
"We've had a major influx of
Vietnamese people in the past year
and that has conincided with the
huge increase in heroin
trafficking." Other examples can
be seen of this in so-called "gang
wars" and street violence.
Francis Bula, in her 16 March
social studies column, expressed
her concern about immigrants in
Canada having extramarital
affairs when working in Hong
Kong while others are "having to
go into China all the time to
supervise factories there, are
starting second families there."
Again, this exemplifies how
journalists generalize from certain
incidents and thus perpetuating
stereotypes.
When the Sun does try to be
sympathetic to the cause of
immigrants, it serves only to
justify racial intolerance through
the recession-thus ignoring the
real attitudes of racism that the
media fails to recognize.
And indeed the negative
representation has created an
atmosphere hostile to minorities
and immigrants. If the recent Ekos
poll is any indication of the trend
towards cultural acceptance and
tolerance, then immigrants and
people of colour might be better off
moving elsewhere (if there were
any place to go). Then we can let
Canada play its own little games
"with their own kind", the white
kind.
Hot Flash Hot Flash Hot Flash Hot Flash
Rally Against Racism
say yes to turbans in the rcmp!
Sunday March 20 1:00pm
rally at Kits Beach Park - corner of Cornwall and Arbutus.
March to royal Canadian legion at 15th and Arbutus Tree Planters
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CLASSIFIEDS
Rates: AMS card holder - 3 lines, $3.15; additional lines 63 cents. Commercial -^Slines, $5.25; additional lines 80 cents. 10% discount
on 25 issues or more. Classified ads payable in advance. Deadline: 3:30 pm two days before publication date. Advertising office: 822-3977.
05- COMING EVENTS
LECTURE: "LEARNING TO LIVE"
by John Darvill. How quality of life is
cramped by necessity to "earn a living"
in money-based society. March 20,
8pm at Technocracy, 3642 Kingsway,
434-1134.
THE VANCOUVER
INSTITUTE
Free Public Lecture
Saturday, Mar. 19
Professor Richard Rorty
Department of Philosophy
University of Virginia
speaking on
DO WE NEED ETHICAL
PRINCIPLES?
Lecture Hall 2, Woodward IRC
at 8:15 p.m.
11 - FOR SALE - Private
LADIES 18" 6 sp touring bike. A-l
cond. $125 obo. Pis call 277-8347,
leave message.
20-HOUSING
SUBLEASE WANTED May-Aug.
Home or apt. in univ. area for visiting
Florida prof. Ph/fax 407-393-1907.
30-JOBS
EXP PAINTERS & FOREMEN req
for full time emp. $10-$ 15 pr hr. Call
983-2512.
EXPERIENCED TAXI DRIVERS now
being hired by North Shore Taxi. Apply
in person at the rear of 250 Pemberton
Ave anytime.
PAINTERS AND FOREPERSONS
needed for summer painting work in
Dunbar area. Full training provided.
Call 222-1626, ask for Greg.
TAKE CONTROL OF YOUR own
destiny—Become self-employed. For
more info on a great business: Jeff 264-
1942.
70-SERVICES
RESERVED PARKING, north parkade
avail. April 1 to end August $300 ono.
Call Bruce at 263-2605, leave message.
DIRTY DEEDS DONE DIRT CHEAP!
I'll do your income tax. Same day serv.
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Ask Travel CUTS about SWAP:
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LANDSCAPING
Design, construction, maintenance and
irrigation. Jeff 264-1942 / Paul 874-
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For help with grammar, essays, LPI
and Provincial Exam prep. First hour
free 277-6137.
85 - TYPING/WORD PROCESSING
PROFESSIONAL typist, 30 years exp.,
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Student rates. Dorothy, 228-8346.
term papers, theses, etc. Stored for two
years. Very Reasonable. 433-1735
WORD PROCESSING - Laser printer,
essays, theses, manuscripts. Low rates.
Shirley 731-8096.
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WordPerfect Level I Class
April 23rd & 24th — 9 am-1 pm
Basic word processing skills, step-by-step
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AMS WORD PROCESS-ZING
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Includes 10 laser prints & diskette.
224-8071.
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Quiet spot off campus, across from
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TWEEN CLASSES
Advertise your group's on-
campus event in The Ubyssey.
Submission forms are available
at The Ubyssey's office, SUB
241K. Deadline for Tuesday's
issue is Friday at 3:30pm; for
Friday's issue, Wednesday at
3:30pm. Sorry, late submissions
cannot be accepted.
Note: Noon means 12:30pm.
Friday, March 18th
Nursing Undergraduate Society.
"Directions in Nursing" Presentation
series. Discussion forum for undergrad
students with B.SN. practising nurses.
"Comparing Roles: Nursing and
Midwifery," Alison Rice, UBC Sch. of
Nurs.,prof.Noon-l:20pm. Univ.Hosp.
- UBC Site, Acute Care Pavilion T-188
(third floor).
Psychology Students' Association.
Executive Election for '94-95 year.
Come out and vote or run for a position.
Noon, Suedfeld Lounge, Kenny Bldg.
Sunday, March 20th
Rally Against Racism. "Expel the Racist
Legions! Turbans in the RCMP!" Meet
at 1:00PM, Cornwall & Arbutus, march
to Royal Canadian Legion, 15th &
Arbutus. For more info, call 253-1565.
Tuesday, March 22nd
UBC Dance Horizons. End of year
dance performance. "RHYTHM AND
MOVES". 7:30PM, SUB Theatre.
«g^»£3K;
^JOTICE
Regarding the 1994 Arts County Fair
Once again the Arts Undergraduate Society is proud to announce that the Arts County Fair will be held on the
last day of classes, Thursday March 31st at Thunderbird Stadium. Proceeds from this year's event will be
donated to the United Way and AIDS Vancouver. This year the Fair will be open to UBC students of all ages as
there is a separate BZZR Garden area on the field. Below is important information for patrons of the 1994 Arts
County Fair.
The Arts Undergraduate Society is the only organization on campus to receive a liquor license for March 31st.
NO OTHER LICENSES WILL BE GRANTED FOR THAT DAY!
Gates will open at noon with the first act beginning at 1 pm.
fveryone entering Thunderbird Stadium will be searched and have I.D. checked by Intrepid Security at the
gates where tickets will be taken.
Those wishing to enter the BZZR Garden area will enter via specifically marked lines to have I.D. checked.
Only valid I.D., namely a provincial driver's license or passport.
NO OTHER FORMS OF I.D. WILL BE ACCEPTED!!
No one without proper clearance will be admitted to the BZZR Garden area.
You may bring your own plastic "UBC-style BZZR mug" (you know, the kind you buy at every BZZR garden
because you forgot the half-dozen ones you already own at home) or purchase an Arts County Fair mug for a
dollar at the fair.
BZZR ticket sales will end at 7:30pm and beverages will stop being served at 8:00pm
Thunderbird Stadium will be cleared at 8:50pm
B.C. Transit will be operating extra services from the Bus Loop beginning at
9:00pm.
Tickets available at the SUB Box
office located on the SUB concourse.
HAVE A GREAT TIME
AT THE FAIR! TUESDAY MARCH 15 1994
EDIT/MEDIA ISSUE
THE UBYSSEY 3,
The myth ofthe media is that
television, radio, magazines and
newspapers are objective retellers
of factual stories. They are a fly in
the ointment of the people with
power, making those who abuse
their power uncomfortable.
The truth of the media is
somewhat different.
The media are all
organizations with owners. Most
media outlets are businesses,
operated to make a profit.
Sometimes     that     business
The Okanagan college
Phoenix and the U of Calgary
Gauntlet are two student papers
which have been set upon by
various levels of government and
student councils, to change the
controversial content of their
papers.
And by May of last year, the
staff at The Ubyssey did not know
if the paper would exist today.
The AMS, at the 2 June special
meeting, voted to shut down The
Ubyssey     and      created     a
government puts The Ubyssey in
the position of depending on an
elected student executive for its
subsidy. The AMS has used their
position of holding the purse
strings to threaten The Ubyssey's
existence and editorial autonomy.
Last year both the AMS
president Bill Dobie and vice
president Janice Boyle publicly
flaunted their power over the AMS
funded publication.
Dobie told the Jewish Student
Association newspaper in March
cover a range of topics from a
range of perspectives...we are the
publishers ofthe paper and if we
are going to serve students to the
best of our ability, we have to take
on that role."
mentation does not interfere with
*ood journalism. But just as often,
jwners make sure the content of
;he newspapers does not upset
;he ones who pay the bills—the
idvertisers.
Even small papers which are
lot run for profit feel the sting of
;heir owner's lash.
publications board to have direct
control over all campus-wide AMS
student publications. The Ubyssey
could then apply to be
reconstituted by the pub board
that summer. Until that point,
The Ubyssey did not exist.
The dichotomy ofthe AMS as
both   publisher   and   student
of last year, "We are fed up and
are going to do something about
it, right up to discontinuing the
paper."
And in an interview with
CiTR, Boyle said "What our main
concern is that we want The
Ubyssey, which we would like as
the AMS paper, to be broad, to
However,
both Bill and
Janice do not'
understand the limits of which
students they represent. Bill does
not understand the implications
of shutting down a newspaper
which does not
necessarily
represent his "fed
up" views. Nor
does Janice
recognize that her
understanding of
what are broad
perspectives are
simply a
reflection of their
own limitations
and inability to
think beyond
them.
The AMS
executive could
not grasp the
concept that
articles which do
not conform to
their standards
can still represent
student's
interests or
inform them of
useful, critical
information.
There is more
happening in this
world than what
the white, upper
class, liberal
universe likes to
acknowledge.
By creating
the publications
board the AMS
wanted to place
the publications
"at arms length".
However the AMS
still controls the
budget of The
Ubyssey and the financial
dealings of The Ubyssey remain
in the AMS business office with
AMS employees. So much for arms
length.
Because of the power of the
pub board in the AMS code of
procedure, it can shut down a
publication for printing material
Shcmedit
"detrimental to the interests of
the [Alma Mater] society." The
Ubyssey is in effect at the mercy of
the members of the board and at
what constitues the "interests ts
ofthe AMS".
Fortunately,
|this year, the
ople on the
pub board
have been sympathetic to student
journalism and have taken the
side of the publications over
matters with the AMS. In the
future, the board may decide to
use its power to deconstitute a
publication and intrude on the day-
to-day workings of a publication.
The student press remains
one of the last spaces where free
speech occurs, where student
journalists can pursue the stories
they want to write about without
fear of censorship.
The commercial media and
the AMS has had trouble
maintaining a dedication to
"afflicting the powerful and giving
power to the afflicted".
Mainstream news outlets
have become increasingly
centralized and reliant on
government and corporate public
relations machines for their
information. As competition for
scarce advertising dollars
increases, the advertisers
themselves have a stronger voice
in editorial content.
Mary Risebrough, director of
Housing and Conferences,
organized an ad boycott against
The Ubyssey after the publication
ofthe sex issue. She was one ofthe
many to urge a new "Editorial
Policy" for The Ubyssey—one
which, one assumes, would
prevent any nasty controversy
from seeping in.
Controversy is essential to the
student press. Conflict, although
terrifying to those desperate to
maintain their positions of power,
is essential for critical discourse
to take place.
Policies to stop it inevitably
fail or else end up in silencing a
paper entirely.
In the words of editor emeritus
Frances Foran "it's five in the
morning, I can say what the fuck
I want"-—spirit must be protected.
In a letter to the AMS, she urged
the executive "to hasten the
process of establishing a
Constitution and Editorial Policy
for The Ubyssey"
A plethora of student papers permeates campus periodically
by Trevor Presley
You have probably noticed the
stacks of newspapers that greet
you at the entrance to each
building on campus. You may even
read some that appeal to your
particular tastes.
The first task at hand is to
decipher the niche each of these
papers has carved out for itself.
Here is a brief description of a
few:
Most of you have probably
heard of or even read the 432. The
432 is the paper put out by the
science undergraduate society
(SUS) usually on a biweekly basis
and is known for its quirky humor
and its regular columnists.
Although this paper may not deal
with enough "real news," its
readership enjoys a nice stress
relief when it comes out.
There is also the
Underground, the newspaper put
out by the arts undergraduate
society (AUS). The Underground
deals with some serious stuff
about life and the arts. It also has
had its share of quirky humor and
is full of radical last minute "space
fillers". Although the paper has
trouble getting out on a regular
basis, it is an informative yet
funny read.
The Campus Times comes out
every Tuesday  and  tries  to
maintain an "objective" tone. It
covers off-campus events such as
clubs, sports and movies and it
also deals with larger social issues
once and a while. Although this is
a good paper, it is hamstrung by
its need for advertising, so it must
run articles that are of some
interest to the business
community.
Last but certainly not least
there is The Ubyssey. The Ubyssey
is published twice a week by a
"collective" of students and about
one fifth of their budget is
subsidized by the AMS. This paper
has a rather notorious reputation
for its articles and positions.
It often deals with larger
social issues and news stories that
are controversial and challenge
dominant ideas. You may not
agree with all of the articlesyou
read in The Ubyssey on a regular
basis, but you will be well informed
about the issues and events that
have an impact on our campus.
Many people question the
student subsides that are given to
the various papers on campus.
These include most of the
undergraduate society papers and
The Ubyssey.
Many a student complains
that they should not have to pay
for student services they do not
use. This is especially true ofthe
Ubyssey which many students
claim not to read.
A lot of people complain about
the paper and talk about its bias
and left-wing ideas that seem to
garnish every article. Many people
even talk about shutting down The
Ubyssey permanently. In fact
many of these people succeeded
last year.
The fact remains that
subsidized papers are one of the
campuses most valuable assets.
Because these papers are paid for
by students, the student writers
are free to write whatever they
want. This is in stark contrast to
the major papers would have to
pander to big business.
The freedom to write and
publish whatever you want,
whether it be zany humor or dark
news, is a freedom that is rarely
seen in the big media.
Therefore the student writers
tend to enjoy this luxury now,
before they get hired by the big
papers and have to do "real
objective news".
The student writers also act
as the watchdogs for the students
and they don't let the student
government or the administration
get away with much. If the various
papers did not point out the
problems and provide solutions,
nobody else would.
If you do not like the way the
newspapers do something, or if
you see some gross misuse of
power in housing, the
administration, or the student
government, then write for a
student paper. You can send in
letters, or write articles.
Who knows, you could be the
next Murphy Brown.
Radio challenges the
by gregg mcnally
For almost 20 years, Co-op
radio has been an alternative
avenue for radio listeners in
Vancouver and around BC.
Broadcasting from 102.7 FM
Co-op radio started broadcasting
in April 1975, and has a mostly
volunteer staff. The station's
format is non-commerical and
covers the whole spectrum of news,
culture and music.
Ian Pringle, program
coordinator of Co-op, said minority
language programs, alternative
music programs and special
interest group shows are the types
of radio programs the station
offers. The difference between Coop and mainstream stations is that
"[Co-op] uses more of a cultural or
educational light in its
presentation. We try to be a part
ofthe community," Pringle said.
"We've got the labour
perspective show, the lesbian
show, the 411 seniors show. They
are shows done by people who are
involved with the topic," he said.
"We try to provide critical
coverage of issues that are
generally not covered in the
mainstream media, like Chiapas,
or to present different opinions
about the issues," said Nick
Blomley, a member of the
collective.
"We would also try to give
voice to people who aren't usually
heard, so rather than interviewing
a director of planning or the
president of Mirage development
we'd talk to someone from the
downtown eastside," Blomley said.
The station is run as a
collective—meaning there is no
hierarchy of staff. Every member
has a vote that is equal to everyone
else. When someone buys a
membership which is priced
determined by a sliding scale, they
are given a share of the station—
everyone has one share. 4 THE UBYSSEY
MEDIA ISSUE
TUESDAY 15 MARCH 1994
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For program information please call:
BCIT Student Services
«<     Tel: (604) 434-3304
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I I
Zombies exist and eat yodr pork
rinds aiukother loud snacks
By Teresa Yep
liver walk past .silent houses in the dead
of night to find yourself perplexed and
somewhat creeped out.by the electric blue -
light that glow.-, dances on the walla of dim
rooms? I have pondered as to whether they
were tet 1 mo-seances void of candles or very
well-lit pools of great white sharks splashing
about what once wus the guest room.
Deliberation however, has led me to conclude
that those eerie lights come from that very
familiar box, the television, our friend who
co111 forted us with Mr. Rogers and made us cry
with Terms of Endearment.
Not bo fast. The questioning with which
you viewed those strange lights that left you
transfixed on the street is the same questioning
necessary in considering the boob tube, the
idiot box, the TV. How does it affect your
mind? In what ways?
More American, homes have televisions
thira plumbing.   ■
Ac<wnimgtoJeirTyMander,authorofFo«r
Arguments for ihe Elimination of Television,
we adopt positions of greatest comfort and
least motion while viewing television.
The eyes are in its most inactive state
than during any other daily experience. The
body is in its most motionless stab? other than
sleep. The mind slows its cognitive processes
below even those of sleep, la this passive state
of inactivity, the body is primed for the
onslaught of media manipulation.
Watching television is more addictive
than heroin.
According to Bernard McGrane, author of.
Zen TV", the television is too user-friendly to
the point where it has become a one-way
companion. Television is such an attractive
medium that it can often replace the void of
i o 11 e 1 i ness by occupyi ng the time and attention
that mighthavebeen spent with other humans
rather than an appliance. Upon turning off
the television, its silence magnifies one's
loneliness and reminds the viewer of the
inadequacy of his/her remedy for the lack of
human contact.
Children spend more time watching TV
than doing anything else save sleeping.
Besides socialization, another thing that
television programmers target is your
attention span. In an attempt to keep you
riveted to their network for the sake of
higher ratings and thus advertising dollars,
programmers produce shows that distract
and grab your attention rather than
communicate meaningful messages. In a
land where "one percentage point can mean
30 million dollars" in advertising revenue,
your attention span is the sacrificial lamb—
profit becomes the priority, not the quality
of program that the viewer is ingesting.
On weekday evenings in winter, half
the American population is sitting in
front of the television.
Another effect of television viewing is
how it creates a lack of satisfaction in
people's cwte*ar£.jtives. TVs false reality
lures us into complilagour lives to those of
'     ','"      '_ \ a »o,manage to
mirmtiM^^^^^^m&mtaimB and-find
portrayals act as
'-lifestyles th#|.
states, *tg% traim^to^orieni toward and''
tune in tb -the'-^sj^ainment qualities of
any experience, event, person. We look for
that which is entertaining about any
phenomenon rather than qualities of depth,
social significance, spiritual resonance,
[and] beauty."
As many as 12 per cent or one out of
eight adults feel they are physically
addicted to the set, watching an
average of 56 hours a week.
The television not only influences out-
perception of reality, but it displaces our
participation in it. The need for the media t o
validate our decisions, actions, and opin ions
renders us unable to view our own
experience as significant and thus, un w i 11 i n g
to "pursue direct experience, tnorl to
participate in co-creating reality. We no
longer do, we watch," McGrane states.
On average, TVs are on 7 hours a
day.
The necessity of finding life beyond t he
cathode-ray tube is crucial to acquiring a
life. It is essential to finding yourself
Faculty of Arts
Student (Peer) Advisers
In a continuing effort to increase the level of service provided by the
Faculty of Arts Advising Office, the Faculty intends to hire three to five
students to serve as the first point of contact for students attending the
Advising Office.
Successful applications must be entering third or fourth year in the Faculty
of Arts and have completed at least 60 credits at U.B.C. They must possess
good organizational and communication skills, and be reliable and conscientious workers. Their duties will include offering assistance to students in
finding the correct path to resolution of their inquiries, referring students
to appropriate Advising Office staff, and scheduling appointments for
Faculty Advisers. Pre-employment training is offered and required.
Employment will be for 5 to 10 hours per week in regular 2.5 hour shifts
(9:30 - 12:00, 1:30 - 4:00). Payment is at the rate of $12.45 per hour.
Applications, including a resume, two letters of reference, and a statement
indicating the qualities the candidate would bring to the position, must be
submitted to Ms Wendy Trigg in the Arts Advising Office, Buchanan A207
by 4:00 p.m. on March 31st. TUESDAY 15 MARCH 1994
MEDIA ISSUE
THE UBYSSEY 5
The huge void in the media where women should be
by Sarah O'Donnell
The minute you open a
newspaper, read a magazine or
click on the TV, you will be fed
news about the white,
heterosexual, male world around
you. According to the mainstream
media's philosophy, this world is
-almost completely devoid of people
of colour, queer people and the
physically challenged.
Newspapers, magazines and
television programming are
especially notorious for their
negative and often non-existent
coverage of women.
"The main problems with the
media's coverage of women are
under-representation, a narrow
range of representation and
misrepresentation," said SFU
women's studies and
communications instructor Lynn
Hissey.
Women make up 52 per cent
ofNorth America's population, but
only about one-third of characters
on television carry the double X
chromosone. During prime time,
the number of major female
characters shrinks to one-eighth
ofthe total cast.
The inaccurate
representation of women on
television is compounded by the
narrow range of women who are
portrayed.
"Virtually all women on
television are white, and this
would be true of film as well," said
Hissey.
She also noted that the women
portrayed on TV seem to be well-
off, consuming fairly heavily,
conventionally attractive, slim,
relatively tall, able-bodied and
heterosexual (one assumes).
Obviously, this does not represent
the population,
"Women's images don't have
to be positive, they should just be
about women," said UBC women's
studies instructor Marni Stanley.
"They should be a reflective range
of women and women's concerns.
Alot of the jokes in sitcoms are not
women's humour."
Health Warning
ticprerfes orsd alcohol come with warning iabels, so why not magazines? After all,
if the ingredients in food are important enough to list, rften doesn't it make sense
to let you know what kind of diet your brain is really on? -—
WARNING! Overexposure may lead to profound
confusion between promiscuity and feminist liberation. Taken Immediately after separation or
divorce, may lead to dependence on cosmetics,
lingerie, self-help quizzes and diet plans. Side-
effects include rabid spending frenzies and nagging need to conform to impossible standards.
/
T»
iBuAS
[The
Ml-Sta.
iTritata
WARNING! Do not hold near open, impressionable
mind. Contains fabricated hipness created by 30
somethings in denial. Overexposure may turn natural teenage rebellion into slick marketing device.
tote)
Sis*
WARNING! Contains unattainable female life
forms and artificial flavoring. Short term exposure may lead to devaluation of existing girlfriend. Prolonged exposure associated with sexual disorientation, numbness, gender stereotyping and the need to subjugate women.
SEX"**?*
WE j
Both Stanley and Hissey cited
Roseanne and Murphy Brown as
excellent examples of current TV
programming because ofthe way
they deal with real gender issues
and women's concerns. Both of
these shows were created and
produced by women.
To achieve more programs of
this calibre, Hissey said it is
necessary to get more feminists
working in the various media.
"Encouraging independent
productions [by women] is also
important so that shows aren't so
reliant upon advertisers and their
pressures. Advertisers are
enormously powerful in regards
to what kind of images we're
getting and what we're seeing,"
Hissey said.
Television is not the only
culprit responsible for the
misrepresentation of women.
Media Watch, a national
group which analyses media
content, found only 28 per cent of
the bylines in newspapers were
women's in a 1992 study of the
Canadian newspaper industry.
"We know that graduates
from journalism programs right
now are about 50-50... [The
number of women's bylines]
doesn't reflect the number of
journalism graduates or the
population," said Media Watch
volunteer Josey Mills.
Under-representation is
particularly obvious in certain
areas of newspapers. For example,
"Authoratative sources who are
quoted are usually 90 per cent
men," said Hissey.
In the hopes of eliminating
these imbalances, groups such as
Media Watch are trying to
encourage news sources to quote
more women experts in their
stories.
Many magazines also lack a
significant amount of woman-
centred content. Most ofthe staff
at "Canada's national magazine,"
MacLean's, "felt that MacLean's
has a lack of sensitivity in its
portrayal of women," according to
a 1992 staff survey.
To fill this womanless void, a
number of alternative magazines
have sprouted up, written by and
for women.
Although there is a growing
awareness among the public of
the representation of marginalized
groups in the media, the
mainstream press has not made
any significant policy changes to
counter the dominating white,
male news story. "It's pretty
frightening, the trends don't
change. There are no significant
yearly changes when we do the
content analysis," Mills said.
Sexkittens & psychos
by Sarah O'Donnell
Misrepresentation of women
is one ofthe media's most serious
flaws. According to Lynn Hissey,
women's studies and
communications instructor at
SFU, the most damaging form of
misrepresentation are the stock
sterotypes of women that prevail
in newpapers, television and
magazines.
• The most commonly
sterotyped character on television
is the "typical woman" whose
relationships with other "typical
women" are characterized by
cattiness and bitchiness. These
characters are usually helpless,
over-emotional, non-logical and
highly sexualized. This sexual
creature is mainly created for the
male audience's viewing pleasure.
• Another ofthe most pervasive
sterotypes of women in the media
is the "superwoman." The epitome
ofthe sitcom superwoman is Claire
Huxtable from The Cosby Show.
"She's a lawyer and she's
raised five beautiful children, she
must have a self cleaning house.
It's a way of doubly punishing
women," Hissey said.
• The third common sterotype
revolves around the backlash
against feminism and the media's
concept of "the feminist." In the
media, feminists are often
pathologised. "Feminism is
ultimately seen as just one step on.
the ultimate path to becoming a.
lesbian psycho," Hissey said.
Lesbian characters are rarely
seen and when one finally surfaces!
on TV or in the news, she isi
demonized. Hissey pointed to the
"lesbian psycho" films that have
surfaced recently.
The lesbian character is,
"pathologized, then turns into a,
total nutcase and then she dies,"
Hissey said.
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l hour free parking—enter off Comox Licensed & Diploma'd Opticians fff
analysis. And arguably the Canadian media has forgotten about good news /%* & &
practice altogether. /** w8^ *>
A case in point is Canadian media mogul Conrad Black. The publication /& &'&
of his autobiography A life in progress was greeted by polite kudos in the /  V>/
press-not surprisingly, since he owns much of it. / A* V
Black, like other media moguls, has turned the newspapers he owns /£> ACjfr
into profit machines. Worries about "censorship" in the Canadian / <Fx*\»
media are not confined to government intervention in what we can /$&*&*
by Taivo Evard
The mainstream media bills itself as fair, balanced and "objective." But media is a
business, and business means turning a profit. Sometimes that profit instinct conflicts
with good news practice-balanced reporting, controversial opinions and in-depth /
'-—    '    WHISTLING
IN THE DARK
In 1980, the Kent
Commission
recommended      tax
incentives   to    reward
newspapers that spent more
than the industry average on
editorial content as well as
penalize those who spent less. The
report also recommendep! limits to
concentration of ownership. The
recommendations were never followed.
"The monopolistic nature of the
Canadian newspaper industry ha^ become
the major threat to press freedom iii Canada.
Making money is no longer the major function of
YAM
Manufacturing consent: Conrad Black and the Ga
...has us vwelecjes
see or read. It is the corporate-owned media itself which is the
problem.
A monster has been created, one beyond criticism: a group
of about five men, including Black, who together own the
majority ofthe Canadian newspaper businesses, and who
are branching out beyond Canada and North America
And while their faces are different, their vision is
common. / J&
Canada's media barons and the Canadian
government have demonstrated past, present   /$$ 0' Jg
and future business links. And if anything,   /§ j£>    "'
corporate concentration is on the rise, taking  / ^   «!V V
advantage   of  "economies   of  scale"
arguments to advance the erosion of
competition legislation. Worldwide
about 30 firms control 50 per cent or    /^
'Jrji
&
&oV
more of the book publishing,
newspaper, film and television
industries.
Winter and Hassanpour
in     Canadian     Forum
magazine  claim it is
"small wonder that
government, business     • u*
and   the   media    /^^y y«* vy
speak the same    /<& ^ V O
language—   /&&£?£
they are run    /£? <r jP A
bythesame    X.   A    *r«r
group of    /ST ©*<►   <b
friends."     / n? ^ ^P^<*
*^* +&k
?&
$j?
the newspaper conglomerates, it is novi/ their only
function. While owners and publishers continue to
mouth platitudes about in-depth reporting, their deeds
belie their words," Tim Smith wrote in Policy Options.
TALKING TO THE WORLD
jr
01
V
Hollinger Inc. owns and controls 325 dally and weekly newspapers
on four continents with a combined circulation of 8.8 million, according
to the Hollinger 1993 annual report.
Thompson owns approximately 360 newspapers and 145 magazines,
with reported profits of $198 million US in recession-stricken J1992. They
control 21 per cent of national newspaper circulation. Kenneth Thompson has
a personal fortune in excess of 10 billion and is said to be the wealthiest Canadian,
ranking with the world's top billionaires.
Maclean Hunter owns 35 cable systems, 23 radio stations, 3 television stations,
14 per cent of CTV, 62 per cent of the Toronto Sun chain which controls 8 dailies with
11 per cent of national newspaper circulation. Ted Rogers, the new owner of MH, owns
25 radio stations, one television station and 17 cable television systems with 1.8 million
subscribers.
Rogers had $1.2 billion in revenues in 1992, while MH had $1.7 billion in the same year.
PROFIT BEFORE N!
*//*
&*
&
1=>    1^    <zx
Black purchased a 15 per cent interest in Australia's second largest
media conglomerate, the John Fairfax Group, for $1.32 billion in mid-
December 1991. In early September, the federal government had said his
.initial bid would result in too much foreign ownership and would be blocked
as it was not in the national interest. Black's American partners, Hellman and
Friedman, own 5 per cent of Fairfax.
A late effort was made to block the purchase of rival bidder Independent
Newspapers (Ireland), owned by Tony O'Reilly. ENP told the federal court that
Black's bid conravened Australia's cross-media ownership laws.
Australian billionaire Kerry Packer had earlier pulled out of Black's
partnership in the bid for Fairfax in fear of violating the cross-media
ownership laws.
On 21 Januaryl992, Black won the government's approval to increase
his stake in Fairfax to 25 per cent. Australia's Foreign Investment review
board had previously restricted foreign investment in media groups to 20
per cent. This would mark the second time the Australian government had
loosened foreign investment constraints since Black entered into the
Australian media race. Black's Hollinger Inc. is now the largest single
shareholder in Fairfax.
Black's request faced opposition from a number of groups, including
two major newspaper unions, former prime minister Malcolm Fraser, the
powerful Australian Council of Trade Unions' president Martin Ferguson,
the Australian Democratic party, and even backbenchers in prime minister
Paul Keating's Labor government.
Keating's government now faces a Senate review. His Labor party tried
to defeat the motion to conduct a review, but faced overwhelming opposition.
The review comes in the wake of the charge that Black's approval for
increased ownership was given in exchange for more "fair coverage" of the
Labor party. The Senate investigation may take months, depending on when
Black is able to testify.
The Australian Federal Treasurer has said the government would not
allow any further increases in ownership for Black. Black said he wants to
double his stake in Fairfax to 50 per cent.
The Hollinger board's 21* members annnn
include five who are also on the boards of
four major banks, as well as real estate
magnates Peter Bronfman and Paul
Reichman. Hollinger and Power share an
equal interest in Southam and each hold
three seats on its 17-member board.
Black has known Brian Mulroney since
the 1960s, when Mulroney was appointed to
several of Black's boards, including Standard
Broadcasting and Hollinger North Shore
Exploration Ltd. Black's partner and
Hollinger board member Peter White was
principal secretary to Mulroney during his
reign as prime minister. Mulroney currently
works for Power Corp.'s long-time Montreal
law firm, Ogilvy Renault. Mulroney helped
Desmarais get rid of separatist journalists
from the striking Montreal La Presse in
1972, and Desmarais was Mulroney's biggest
financial backer in his successful 1976 bid
for leadership of the federal Conservative
party.
In September 1990, Mulroney appointed
Desmarais' brother-in-law, John Sylvain, to
the Senate. This was one of eight
controversial appointments which ensured
the passage ofthe GST legislation.
Last June, Mulroney appointed
Desmarais' brother, Jean Noel, to the Senate
in his final patronage appointments prior to
Kim Campbell's taking office. Ted Rogers
was one ofthe 30 elite invited to a dinner by
Mulroney last February, the night before he
After purchasing The
Sherbrooke Recordin 1969, Black
and Peter White, his business
associate, decided to fire 40 per
cent of the employees.
"Peter became so zealous he
reached one targeted employee in a
cabin at Niagara Falls, Ont.... We
imposed draconian cost controls and
turned out a profit after the first
couple of months," Black said in
ROB.
David Radler, a partner of both
Black and White, found the cheapest
printer possible in the United States,
where Black's recent autobiography
A life in progress was also printed
by his Toronto-based Key-Porter
Books. Black owns Key-Porter
Books and a book distribution
network, Coles Book Stores.
In 1992, Financial Post writer
Cecil Foster wrote a story about the
unstable position of PWA Corp.
(parent company to Canadian
Airlines International). After seeing
the article, the airline threatened to
pull its advertising and Foster was
moved to a different beat.
"Editor Stephen Petherbridge
was fired for failing to adhere to a
standing guideline that any article
that might endanger advertising
should be vetted by the publisher
prior to publication," James Winter
and Amir Hassanpour reported in
the January/February edition of
Canadian Forum.
"Last March there was a great
hue and cry at the Post over free
space arranged in the paper by
Toronto Sun Publishing president
Paul Godfrey, for an article by Hees
Edper (Bronfman) officials. The
planned article was 'an attempt to
put a cheery face on a powerful
conglomerate that has been battered
by the recession and bad press,'
according to Globe and Mail
reporter KirkMakin," wrote Winter
and Hassanpour.
Partreporters protested saying
that allowing a corporation to report
on itself would erode journalistic
credibility (even further). Black
owns 20per cent of thePost, which
in turn is owned by Toronto Sun
Publishing.
Black has strong opinions
about most political and economic
issues of the age, and his views
appear frequently in print.
He has launched well over a
dozen libel suits when writers have
portrayed him in a negative light.
Canadian Forum reported that
former prime minister Margaret
Thatcher once said of Black, "I
find myself to his political left."
In Black's operations, editorial
expenditure is viewed simply as a
cost, little more.
Black increasingly fills copy
space more and more with sanitized
wire copy. He said "You use the
news wire for a lot of news, and
then you use piecework a lot... you
use country correspondents. You
don't have to pay them a great deal
and, as long as you're the only
game in town, which we almost
invariably are, you can develop a
structure that in effect guarantees
you a high margin."
Media corporations thus put
more money into buying,
processing and distributing news
than into the actual gathering.
And the hope that new
technologies will prove more
democratic are being dashed as the
current press barons rush to buy
them up. Electronic publishing, for
example, is one market which
Black is poised to enter,
In March of 1993, Tom Kent,
who had headed a 1981 Royal
Commission on concentration of
ownership in the Canadian
newspaper industry, engaged in a
fruitless war of words with Black
in the Montreal Gazette. Kent
evidenced how Black controls the
editorial content of newspapers and
sacrifices quality for profits.
"The concerns are that, as a
multiple proprietor, he will milk
many of his papers, to the sacrifice
of their quality, and spend on some
of the more important in order to
bend them to his ideology," wrote
Kent.
Kent mentioned Black's
transformation of the Jerusalem
Post, where "over 30 of the
journalists who had made it a
respected paper left in protest
against the changed management
style."
Black, who read over Kent's
piece prior to its publication, said
the journalists evacuated not due to
editorial disagreements but other
problems,
"The editorial stance of the
Jerusalem Post, is quite favorable
(sic) to the present Labor
governmentof YitzhakRabin, who
personally urged us to change it
from a 'PLO mouthpiece,'... This is
certainly an affront to the rabidly
and unrelievedly pro-Palestinian
views of Mr.Kent... but we are not
in the propoganda business and I
believe in editorial autonomy
provided it is exercised
responsibly," wrote the billionaire
conservative global-minded
publisher.
Black appointed Yehuda Levy
as publisher of the Jerusalem Post,
penny
an ex-anhy officer
with alinost no
experience in the
newspaper
industry. When
appointed,   the
Montreal Gazette
cited   Levy   as
saying  he  was
going "to become very
involved In the work of
the editorial staff, and
all that this implies."
Senior editor Erwin
Frenkel left the Post
after Levy intervened in
an editorial Frenkel had
written about right-wing
prime minister Yitzak
Shamir. Twenty senior
Post journalists were
"dismissed" after saying
they wou|d quit if Levy
was not removed.
Hollinger has a
habit of cutting full-time
staff,   who   receive
benefits     such     as j£^
extended health caie,£~\^^
then hiring non-unionx^}
freelance writers who do      x^
not receive fringe benefits. Ninety-
six unionized employees have walked
off their jobs at Hollinger.
Payroll employees at the Daily
Telegraph were cut from 4000 to a
mere 1000 after Black's takeover.
I
John H. Pope, with Sterling
Newspapers in the East Kootenay s of
BC, worked for five months until his
name appeared first on an application
for union certification and Radler
fired him. The BC Labour Relations
Board later ruled that he should never
have been fired.
GEOFF HEINRICK'S ART. FIRST PUBLISHED IN THIS MAGAZINE MARCH '94
announced his resignation. The two have
known each other for 30 years. In June 1992,
the Mulroney-appointed commissioners of
the CRTC opened the long-distance market
to Unitel, 32 per cent of which is owned by
Rogers.
Rogers recently purchased Maclean
Hunter Ltd., who in 1988 made a $50,000
donation to the pro-free trade coffers ofthe
Canadian Alliance for Trade and Job
Opportunities. Maclean Hunter owns 60 per
cent of the Financial Post, 20 per cent of
which is owned by Black.
And the partisan connections are not
limited to the Tories. Until he ran for
leadership of the federal Liberal party in
1990, Jean Chretien was on the board of
directors of Desmarais' Power Corp., along
with Seagram's president Charles Bronfman.
Chretien's daughter, France, is married to
Paul Desmarais' son, Andre. The board of
Power also boasts former Ontario premier
Bill Davis, Pierre Trudeau's former secrtetary
to Cabinet Michael Pitfield, and former
Ontario It.governor John Aird.
Ontario premier Bob Rae's brother John
was national coordinator of the federal
Liberal election campaign, and is also a vice
president of Power Corp. Paul Martin Jr.,
the Liberal party's election economic platform
designer and current federal minister of
finance worked for Desmarais until 1981.
In May 1993, Bronfman-owned
Seagram's purchased a 6 per cent interest in
Time Warner for $702-million US. Seagram's
plans to buy 15 per cent of Time Warner.
The day after Seagram's purchase, Power
Corp. paid $ 100-million US for a one per cent
stake in Time Warner. Desmarais sits on
Seagram's board, and Charles Bronfman and
Bill Davis sit on Power's board.
According to Howard Pawley, the former
premier of Manitoba who is now a political
science professor at U of Windsor, "This [neo-
conservative agenda due to corporate control
of the media] is reflected across a broad
range of interrelated issues" the 'need' for
free trade and globalization; a rationalization
of business which puts efficiency and profits
above employment; blaming vague
international forces for a Canadian recession,
and using an overblown deficit phobia to
undermine social programs, including our
education and medical systems."
..PENNY PROFIT
In 1969, Peter White, Black's
college friend, bought the
Sherbrooke Record and asked Black
to run it for him.
In the Globe and Mail's Report
onBusiness (ROB) of October 1993,
Black revels in his history of aiding
strike breaking, writing, "I
alienated some of my readers but
earned the beautific pleasure ofthe
premier by supporting the bill with
which the government of Quebec
broke a teachers' strike."
Black is quite open about the
power he wields in owning so many
newspapers. He likens himself to
Orson Wells in Ci^zeniTaree, saying,
"People will think what I tell them
to think."
At the Record, Black became
an apologist for then US president
Lyndon B. Johnson and described
Norman Mailer as "the bedraggled
warhorse of        American
blowhardism."
He rubs his belly with delight
recalling when one reporter handed
Radler a petition of greivances, and
Radler deducted two cents from his
paycheque for "wasting a sheet of
paper."
His cost-cutting fervour went
beyond this sort of insulting
chicanery.
"One scheme I struck upon for
reducing salaries with an
impeccable cover of good intentions
was to hire a convict under a federal
government bonded rehabiliation
service, at a modest salary. I went
to the Cowansville Penitentiary...,"
recounted Black in ROB.
Black also created an "elastic
compensation system for the
reporters and debated with them
at the end of each week what they
'deserved' on the basis of the
volume and quality of their
journalistic production."
He admitted, "It was an
outrageous system, of course..."
Describing financial
strategies at the Record, "Every
conceivable item necessary to
newspaper production was
rationed, economized and made
the subject of intense haggling.
All dispensable personnel
expenses were violently pared...
There could be no better school for
newspaper proprietors," Black
said in ROB.
One of Black's joyous
memories, which paints a clear
portrait of his attitudes, is
recounted in his early days with
Radler at the Record.
"David kept a copy of William
Taylor's famous early 19th-
century manual on industrial
relations and regularly recited the
opening sentence, which asserted
that any such study must start
from the premise that all
employees are slothful,
incompentent and dishonest."
Black's century-old mentality
colours his treatment of employees
to this day. Radler has also been
staid, expressing his idea of
editorial autonomy below, with
which Black would doubtlessly
agree.
When Radler was asked, at
Tom Kent's 1981 Royal
Commission onNewspapers, what
their [Black, Radler and White's]
chief contribution to Canadian
journalism had been, Radler
replied, "the three-man newsroom
and two of them sell ads."
Tim Smith, a pseduonym for a BC journalist wary of editorial stricture, wrote in March 1993 Policy Options, "One way of
guaranteeing high profit margins is through monopolies, and Southam has a hammerlock on Vancouver's print-media sector. As
well as the Pacific Press dailies, the Vancouver Sun and the Province. Southam owns community newspapers covering the Lower
Mainland, from the Delta Optimist and Delta Today to the Chilliwack Times. As monopolies grow, editorial diversity and
competition are lost."
Southam's profits have come not from its larger papers-the Sun only increasing advertising 1 per cent between 1986 and
1989-but from its smaller "community" newspapers. In that same three-year period, Southam's Vancouver Courier marked an
89 per cent increase in ad revenue. The Courier, Sun and Province together garner 86.5 per cent of all Vancouver newspaper
advertising.
And while money comes in the advertising door, fired employees file out ofthe editorial room. One in four ofthe Sun's city
reporting staff was eliminated, reducing it from 40 to 30.
"If freedom ofthe press is the public's right to information," Smith wrote, "then the people of Vancouver are poorly served
by the Pacific Press twins."
"The extension ofthe Thomson and Southam monopolies from the daily to the weekly field has nothing to do with journalism.
Indeed, journalism and the public's right to information suffer as monopolies grow. The newspaper cartels are solely concerned
with market control," Smith wrote.
In 1989, Southam reported a $ 117 million profit on revenues of $775 million. In 1990, it made $90 million of profit on revenues
of $848 million, and $42 million on $829 million in the recession year of 1991. During this period, Southam spent $100 million
amassing more newspapers and buying a 60 per cent interest in the polling firm Angus Reid Group.
In early 1993, Black's Hollinger Inc. bought a 22.6 per cent voting stake in Southam from the Toronto Star's publisher, giving
him three seats on Southam's 17-member board. Black and Radler sit on two ofthe positions. Hollinger agreed to abide by
Southam's shareholders plan known as the "poison pill," which meant Hollinger would have to either receive a majority of votes
from the independent directors or make an offer for all outstanding shares.
Southam has set a profit target of 17 per cent of revenues, while editorial budgets garner 13-15 per cent of revenues.
A recent Competition Tribunal on Southam's concentration of ownership in the lower mainland was conducted following its
purchase of North Shore News and the Courier, A10 December 1992 decision to force Southam to divest either the North Shore
News or the Real Estate Weekly to restore competition to the North Shore market was successfully appealed by Southam.
During the Tribunal; Southam denied the Sun and Province would be combined. After the Tribunal, Southam president Bill
Ardell declined to give a definitive response to merger speculation. "Anything is possible," he said.
The Sun eliminated 15 more editorial positions last May.
Two months after Black's entry into Southam, on 19 March 1993, Paul Desmarais' Power Corp. bought a two per cent increase
in shares for $180-million, meaning Hollinger and Power own about 18.7 per cent of Southam each. They each hold three seats
out of 17 on the board of Canada's largest newspaper chain.
When Black was interviewed by the Gazette on Desmarais' purchase, he said, "While we are not in collusion with Power Corp.
we are in agreement with them with the desire to improve shareholder value and improve editorial quality. I foresee no
circumstances under which Power and Hollinger would not see eye to eye on that."
Black, vacationing in Florida, went on to say, "We're talking about management efficiencies, don't get the idea we want to
intrude on the editorial floor."
Southam's board also gave permission for Hollinger and Power permission to buy up to 23.5 per cent ofthe company each
without triggering the "poison pill," which Hollinger vice president expects to be abolished by 1995. This would allow a possible
purchase of over 50 per cent.
Southam plans to reduce labour costs by 20 per cent by the end of 1994, for a total wage savings of $75-million. 8 THE UBYSSEY
MEDIA I55UE
TUESDAY 15 MARCH 1994
TELEREG
All students should pick up
1994 Winter Session Registration
Guides and Calendars
at
Brock Hall (Lobby Area)
March 28 -31
April 5-8
8:00 a.m. - 7:00 p.m.
*Valid student cards must be
presented at time of pick up*
Office of the Registrar
The AMS is accepting
applications for two
SafeWalk Coordinator
positions.
Applications can be picked
up from Terri Folsom,
Administrative Assisstant,
in SUB 238, and are due
back to her by Friday,
March 25,1994.
If you have any questions,
please call Lean Costello,
Coordinator of External
Affairs at 822-2050,
or drop by SUB 250.
SafeWalk
program.
mmmmmmmmm
fTb Cecil U,
Visiting Preffssorsliips of Sreen College
STANLEY FALKOW
Professor of Microbiology and Immunology
STANFORD UNIVERSITY SCHOOL OF MEDICINE
THE CONSEQUENCES OF BACTERIAL
ATTACHMENT AND ENTRY INTO ANIMAL (MLS
Wednesday, March 23 at 12:30 PM
Woodward Instructional Resources Centre, Hall 4
MEDICAL GRAND ROUNDS AT VGH
Thursday, March 24
DIARRHEA, TUBERCULOSIS AND
GENETIC ENGINEERING
The Vancouver Institute Lecture
Solurtfey, March 26 of 8:15 PSl
Woo&5?aid toucti$nsl hsmm Cwh*, Ksl 12
Radio news don't tow party line
by Pat McGuire
How much can you say if you
know the police can come and bang
down your door?
While we do not have that
problem at the moment in Canada,
there are places and times that
have been ruled by censorship and
manipulation of information,
backed up by the force of a loaded
gun.
Andrzej Rezmer produced a
student radio show while studying
science at the University of Gdansk
in Poland between 1983 and 1986.
It was a time when thecommunist
government suppressed and
censored all information.
"They wanted us to only talk
about music or sports or to repeat
the party line," said Rezmer, who
is taking a real estate licensing
program on campus.
But Rezmer and his friends
set up intricate schemes to get
information and criticism out.
They had code words that were
passed around by word of mouth
so that news stories could be made
to be more critical of the
government.
He would give one tape of his
program to the official censor and
slightly change the one that went
to air.
"By slightly changing the
wording of a story, we would
change it from a statement like
'Communism is responsible for all
that Poland is,' to something that
meant that Communism is
responsible for everything that is
shitty in Poland".
Rezmer, who recently
recieved a journalism diploma
from Langara, sees a striking
difference between journalism in
Poland and in Canada.
"In Poland it was a question
of how much we could say without
getting thrown in jail, but here, it
is how can we make something
interesting enough to get people
to listen.
"People don't care if ten
thousand people die in a far off
land, they care about the house
down the street that burnt down.
People only care about what is in
their small sphere of existence."
Zine revolution will not be on TV
by Graham Cook
"Don't hate the media--be the
media!"
-Jello Biafra
While some decry the lack of
reading and writing skills among
our youth, the printed word is
undergoing a renaissance.
Whether as electronic text,
glossy magazines, or cheap
photocopies, writing is
increasingly becoming the
medium ofthe marginalized. With
television dominating the way
most people see the world, "zines"
are fighting back.
Off centre
Not quite at the fringes ofthe
media are low-circulation
magazines that contradict
dominant ideas about politics,
culture and identity.
•This Magazine is published
in Toronto and includes articles
from "left-nationalist" writers like
Rick Salutin and Kim Goldberg,
as well as fiction and poetry by
the likes of Margaret Atwood.
Sometimes stodgy, the
magazine is currently being
revitalized by gen-X staffers. The
new managing editor is Naomi
Klein, a former editor of the
University of Toronto's Varsity
newspaper.
•Z Magazine is known by
many as the place where dissident
intellectual Noam Chomsky first
publishes his stuff. His articles
are usually long and detailed and
pick apart the latest US foreign
policy fiasco. But the magazine
also contains cutting and
provocative commentary from
culture critic bell hooks and native
activist Ward Churchill.
Z is very Boston-intellectual
at heart but remains a good
attempt at popularizing radical
ideas. Although the layout is still
a bit clunky, the cartoons and
even the music reviews are often
brilliant.
•Herizons magazine is a
Canadian feminist journal with a
great mix of personal stories and
more "newsy" features. It
addresses issues of racism and
homophobia writen by people from
the queer community and people
of colour.
The winter 1994 issue has a
good article on pornography by
Jillian Ridington. This piece
includes the voices of "anti-
pornography" feminists that have
been overlooked in progressive
debates of late.
Tunes n'rants
On the margins ofthe margins
can be found true "zines" (the term
is from "fanzines"), often published
by one or two people with
something to say and easy access
to a photocopier.
Three local zines come close
to the roots of alternative
publishing—our own "samizdat."
•Flour Power Zine is billed as
"a mag of anarchist politics and
punk music." It is photocopied from
pictures, drawings, typed rants
and i^ews articles liberally pasted
onto j graph paper in an anti-
authoritarian fashion.
September 1993 edition
includes a review of the Frenzy
anarfchist gathering and news
aboui the squatters on Broadway
in Vancouver. In the best anarchist
mutual-aid fashion, it provides
practical information on getting
an abortion and (dare I mention)
how to scam BC Transit.
•'Totalitarian Times is of the
sameilk but is even more strident
in tone. Great articles on antifascist demonstrations in Toronto
and some powerful poetry—
"Crapker scaredy katz have
trapped us in a one exit maze."
If you have doubt about where
they are coming from politically,
check out the subtle satire in their
mailing address: "Vancouver, BC,
KKKlanaDUH?"
•Cockroach is a great new zine
that started as an offshoot ofthe
environmental youth alliance
(EYA), with which it has since
parted ways.
Now the zine covers much
more than environmental issues.
The latest ish has a guide to the
local Riot Grrrl movement, an
expose of the multinational
company Cargill ("a global
bastard"), and goofy jammed
advertising.
Guide to the flipside
For those drowning in a sea of
text, Factsheet 5 tries to sort things
out. It bills itself as "the definitive
guide to the zine revolution."
F5 is a list of zines categorized
under headings like food, sex,
music, queer, grrrlz, fringe and
politics.
The titles only begin to give _
one a taste ofthe gloriously bizzare
selections available:Americare
Window Cleaner, Twaddle Trash
and Balderdash, Homoboy I
Homogirl, and Subconscious Soup
are just a few.
F5 has detailed addresses and
instructions on how to hook up
with the zinesters—and how to
send cash through the mail, the
preferred route for zine
subscriptions.
A more direct route is to drop
by alternative book stores like
Spartacus Books on Hastings near
Cambie, or Octopus on
Commercial, both of which have a
wide variety of printed material
from the mainstream to the very,
very obscure. Happy zineing!
What's your favorite zine?
SIOBHAN ROANTREE PHOTO TUESDAY 15 MARCH 1994
NEWS
THE UBYSSEY 9
Grad students rally to stave off fee increase
G.S.S. president Vlghen Pacradouni speaks out against tuition increases at Thursday's BoG meeting
SIOBHAN ROANTREE PHOTO
Council briefs: dapper Dobie tossed from
court for quaffing cola, '93 budget passed
by gregg mcnally
The AMS council meeting on
Wednesday 16 March seemed to,
once again, drag on and on as the
mood of the student council
changed from bored to apathetic.
The few issues that actually
elicited discussion in council
concerned CORP, AMS president
Bill Dobie's day in court last week
and the infamous budget.
Committee for
Organizational Review and
Planning (CORP)
Council discussed the two
proposals the AMS solicited for
recommendations on
restructuring the Alma-Mater
BIJAN SEPHRI PHOTO
Society and improving CORP.
Board of Governor
representative Michael Hughes,
stunning in jeans and a t-shirt,
felt the UBC chancellor's proposal
was too executive-based and said
he would like to see interviews
with student societies and the
students themselves, not just the
AMS executive, the general
manager, staff and AMS hangers-
on.
Scott Hayes, also decked out
in jeans and a t-shirt, reiterated
this statement and pointed out
that the consultants were on
average 25 years out of university.
Bill Dobie, looking sharp in
blue jeans, khaki shirt and a blue
vest with birds on it, replied that
everyone in council sits and judges
and doesn't think the executive
can actually do its job in deciding
what the students want.
Commenting on the lack of
student input, coordinator of
external affairs Leah Costello, in
black pants, beige desert boots
and a multi-coloured sweater, said
the fact no one answered is an
answer in itself.
Bill's trip to the courts
Bill Dobie, working on his
third can of coke, lightened things
up a bit with an amusing anecdote
about his trip to provincial court
last Monday. He had been asked
to leave the courtroom until he
had finished sucking back his can
of coke.
The AMS had been granted
intevener status in a case involving
an SFU student who was suing
the student society for his student
fees, claiming it was
unconstitutional for SFU to
declare mandatory membership in
its society.
If the student had won the
case, no student society could
collect fees from students by
requirement. However, the case
was dismissed.
Presenting the budget!
It is appropriate the budget
was saved for the last issue in
Council—it's only about ten
months late. Dean Leung, ex-
director of finance, groovin' in his
cowboy boots and dungarees, went
through the 93/94 budget and the
interim budget for 94/95.
by niva chow
The academic community at
UBC is forming a united front.
Thursday's rally opposing the
proposed continuing fees for
graduate students—which would
result in extra payments by those
who take longer than the expected
time to complete their degree—
had a turnout of close to a hundred
people despite poor weather.
People met at the graduate
students' centre and trekked on to
a sit-in at the BoG meeting in the
old administration building.
At the meeting, Grad
Students' Society (GSS) president
Vighen Pacradouni presented BoG
with petitions and explained the
rationale for the GSS' stance on
the proposed fees.
Pacradouni said the fees
would not serve the
administration's goal of
accelerating graduate degrees and
would harm financially-strapped
graduates, prolonging the
education process.
AMS president Bill Dobie and
external affairs coordinator Leah
Costello were also present,
opposing the proposal.
Dobie said the AMS voted
unanimously to oppose the fee
proposal, representing the entire
student community.
BoG representatives were
given a chance to ask questions
and concerns, but only three of 18
chose to do so.
UBC president Strangway
appeared disinterested when GSS
handed out the information,
glancing at it briefly and then
passing it on to a fellow member.
After the rally ended, BoG
voted to refer the motion back to
the administration, meaning there
will be no increase this year.
However, the administration could
bring up the motion next year.
it's like a jumle
sometimes it makes
me wonden how I keep
pwm going widen
.      SUB241K
ubyssey
All out for the mass
meeting!
Annual general meeting of
the teaching assistant's
union, CUPE local 1728.
Thursday 24 March at 7pm
at the graduate student
centre.
LSAT - GMAT
MCAT - GRE
WEEKEND TEST
PREP SEMINARS
Sessions on NOW
Gall 228-1544
Renert Seminars
inc.
Childcare,
Student Loans,
Transit,
Safety,
Housing...
External
Affairs
Committee
...if these are your issues,
this is your committee.
Make a difference!
The AMS is now accepting applications for
(6) Student-at-large positions on the
External Affairs Committee.
Applications can be picked up from
Terri Folsom in SUB 238 and are due back
to her by Friday, March 25, 1994.
If you have any questions,
^ please call Leah Costello,
*?-  Coordinator of Exterrta. Affairs at 822-2050,
or drop by SUB 250.
"We have waited too long
for our freedom"
Nelson Mandela
FUNDRAISER FOR THE
with
Cozy
Bonds
iiaiMiMMniMM
Scibble
iiiiinminiiii
Water
laiiimmtiM**
RFRICRN   NATIONAL CONGRESS
All Proceeds to the ANC Youth League
FRI MARCH 25" 8pm
$7 Vckets available at all
TiCketmasteis & GDC Office, SUB 237B
Grad Student Centre BqHrooiU No minors. 10 THE UBYSSEY
LETTERS/MEDIA ISSUE
TUESDAY 15 MARCH 1994
Canadian Film: 'Foreign* in its Own Country
by Tanya Storr
The Canadian film
industry is marginalized
within its own country due
to widespread american
infiltration and domination.
One only has to take a
look around Vancouver to
see the effects of this
american cultural takeover
in film. Roughly ninety-
eight per cent of the films
shown on downtown
screens are American.
Video stores display
Canadian films under the
heading "Foreign Films" or
at best the some what
dubious title "Canadiana".
UBC film professor
Brian Mcllroy said
Canadians are alienated
from their own film culture.
"Canadian film is
regarded as foreign film
because it is foreign to our
experience, simply because
we don't see it," Mcllroy
said.
An article by film critic
Maurice Yacowar noted
although Canada produces
30 to 80 features a year,
Canadian films get only two
per cent ofthe screen time
in their own country.
The blossoming
"Hollywood of the North"
Vancouver film industry
has not helped to expose
Canadian films either,
because the films made here
are mostly American.
Hollywood filmmakers flock
here in droves, attracted by
the weak Canadian dollar
and flexible Canadian film
unions hungry for work.
So although film
production is now BC's
fourth largest industry, 85
per cent of the films made
here are American-
financed.
And if Canadian
filmmakers want to make a
name for themselves, they
too have to make
Hollywood-style films.
According to Canadian
filmmaker Donna Lytle, it
is simply a matter of bread
and butter.
"Of course Canadian
filmmakers don't like to
make 'Hollywood films', but
we have to make a living.
When people stop going to
Hollywood films, we'll stop
making them," Lytle said
Mcllroy points to the
troubled history of film
distribution and exhibition
in Canada as the root ofthe
problem. The National Film
Board (NFB), described by
Mcllroy as "central to the
Canadian experience and to
the Canadian film industry",
has largely shaped the
direction of film in Canada.
Unfortunately for the
Canadian feature film
industry, the NFB has
focused mainly on certain
types of films.
"Canada has a
reputation for being good at
documentaries and
animation but not at feature
films, which has made it
very difficult for Canadian
filmmakers," Mcllroy said.
According to Mcllroy,
the NFB's narrow focus
dates back to its beginning
in 1939. John Grierson,
director of the NFB from
1939-1943, was
instrumental in denying
Canada a commercial
feature film industry.
"Grierson's pedagogical
push was for documentary,
and it wasn't his forte to
think about having a
Canadian feature film
industry. He let the film
industry stay at the small
level that remains today.
Individual filmmakers are
given money, but there is
not enough thought given to
distribution and exhibition,"
Mcllroy said.
This emphasis on
independent filmmaking in
Canada has allowed
american feature films to
dominate Canadian screens,
and has led to mass
desertions of Canadian
actors to the USA Martin
Short, Helen Shaver,
Michael J. Fox, and the late
John Candy are just a few of
the actors who left Canada
to make their names in
Hollywood.
In the midst of Canadian
film industry woes, the
Quebec film industry stands
apart as a bastion of
Canadian film. Due to its
separate language, cultural
nationalism, and laws
limiting the number of
foreign films shown, Quebec
letters policy if your letter not printed the way you want, go
write for the Sun or Province and see how they butcher your I
letters. Sorry to those with overinflated egos and sense ofl
self-importance who don't get what they want. 300 words, nor
sexist, homophobic or racist content accepted, dig it
the Ubyssey
18 March 1994
The Ubyssey is a founding member of Canadian University Press
The Ubyssey is published Tuesdays and Fridays by the Alma Mater
Society ofthe University of British Columbia. Editorial opinions are
those of the staff and not necessarily those of the university
administration, or of the publisher. The editorial office is Room
241K of the Student Union Building. Editorial Department, phone
822-2301; advertising, 822-3977; FAX 822-9279
Gregg McNally did a triple flip because Nancy Xylaphone called him
"one g." Ted Young-Ing took one look and proceeded to poison the staff
with vinyl fumes. "I need my uterus back!" screamed Liz van Assum,
choking. "But it's in Hawaii," objected a bewildered Sara Martin. "No,
it's gone to Mexico," corrected Graham Cook. "Hawaii!" said Tanya
Storr. "Mexico!" insisted Graham Coleman. "Where's the cigarette?"
asked Taivo Evard, absently setting Steve Chow's flowing, no-split-
ends hair on fire. "Take the cigarette outside," advised Sarah O'Donnell,
sitting on her pizza. "Culture? What culture?" gasped Pat McGuire
and Susan Juby in unison, while Teresa Yep slathered them with
yoghurt. Doug Ferris tossed Steve Scali off the balcony. Siobhan
Roantree cartwheeled all the way to her darkroom, where Dan
Walker was waiting with his modest proposal. "Axe the daycare
story!" cried Niva Chow, jumping up and down on Peter with no last
name. Tessa Moon went hysterical, and things deteriorated rapidly.
Bijan Sepehri took Trevor Presley's arm and switched over to the
Campus Times.
Editors
Coordinating Editor: Douglas Ferris
News Coordinator: Graham Cook
News Editors: Sara Martin, Taivo Evard
Culture Coordinator Steve Chow
Culture EdWor: Ted Young-Ing
Photography Coordinator: Siobhan Roantree
Production Manager: Uz van Assum
has resisted american
domination.
Feature films such as
Leolo by Jean-Claude
Lauzon and Jesus of
Montreal by Denis Arcand
have put Quebec on the
map.
Very   few   English
Canadian films have enjoyed
the same status, but Mcllroy
said films like Cynthia
Scott's A Company of
Strangers mark a new
direction in english
Canadian film.
"A  number of NFB
filmmakers are moving into
Letters to the Staff
It's Gregg not
Graham!
It seems that student
painting companies have
been receiving a bad rap in
The Ubyssey recently.
However, lets look at the
real facts here. Painters are
complaining that their
manager is most likely a
student very similar to
themselves—except that
these students have taken
the initiative, and the risk,
to run their own business.
Naturally, they don't want
to loss [sic] money, so they
may take a hard line on
their painters.
My question is, why do
painters accept this? Sure,
they write The Ubyssey and
whine, but don't give the
same feedback to the
manager.
There are laws that
protect the rights of
employees, and there
always have been. Perhaps
Graham Cook [sic] hasn't
heard of the minimum
wage: it applies if you work
on a piece-rate system or
not. So the next time your
boss tries to exploit your
ignorance, set them
straight. It is your right,
and I also believe it is your
obligation. Very few
painting managers will
purposely rip off painters,
but you should always
protect yourself. You'd be
stupid not to.
Greg Facer
Commerce
Is reality a myth
or do we mystify
reality?
"Where have all the
womyn gone?" I enjoyed the
March 8 womyn's issue of
The Ubyssey. Not that the
articles were all present and
comforting—they stirred
feelings of fear, of outrage,
of empathy. The issue
reflected a reality shared by
more women than shruld be
the case, but a reality that is
sorely absent in the March
11 "business as usual"
edition.
Considering the higher
liklihood of violence against
women that occurs on
university and college
campuses, and the high
proportion of women on
these campuses in the 90s,
shouldn't regular space be
set aside (and its use
encouraged) for their
stories, their concerns, their
need for information? Media
are used to created and
influence populare images/
perceptions. Myths are
supported and enhanced,
even through apathy, or
dispelled and retold, as was
begun in the womyn's issue.
Surely even The Ubyssey is
a good place to begin the
work of spinning new
myths?
Shannon Greer
A response to
ignorant male
defensiveness
To Jason Hayes (in
response to his letter ofthe
Feb22 issue)
I know it's been a while
since your letter was
published, but I wanted to
respond in a non-attacking
way and that took some time
to do. You are obviously a
man of wit, but in your
joking have shown
ignorance. Am I correct in
assuming that you are
skeptical about the
legitimacy of women's upset
or anger regarding attitudes
or behaviours that in our
society—that they
represent something of a
special interest "group"? Or
perhaps do "women's
issues" seem superfluous to
you becasue they don't affect
you directly?
There are many
reasons why there is a need
for people to care about
issues distinctly concerning
women, the most obvious
beingis that women are less
safe than to men. There is
disproportionately more
violence done to women
than men, and women live
with this fear every day. I
don't need to remind you
that that's over 50 per cent
of the population who has
some sort of daily fear or
concern about their well-
being because of their
gender. That alone is
enough for a movement of
any size to exist at all.
My original point is
that though women's issues
may not seem to affect you
directly, if there is any
female of any importance in
your life, perhaps the issue
will at least affect you
indirectly. The women
involved with these issues
have legitimate and
immediate reasons to be
doing so because every day
women are living in fear,
being hurt and being killed,
and that affects us all.
Katie Godwin
Janice is my
friend
Thank you for
publishing my letter to the
editor on March 11.
Unfortunately the title that
you gave my letter, "C'mon
Janice, what were ya
thinking" is very
misleading. It gives the
impression that I was
disagreeing with Janice,
when, on the contrary, I
strongly agree with her. My
letter was written in
appreciation for her concern
about safety on campuse. I
was disagreeing with a
previously published letter.
In it the author stated that
we should compromise
safety in order to make,
what might amount to, (if
we stretch it), a negligable
dent in our air pollution
problem. I believe that this
mistake has compromised
docu-drama, drama, and
fiction, and have used the
documentary experience to
give themselves film credits
before moving into
features," Mcllroy said.
Lytle said Canadian
films are becoming more
commercialized as
my point and, more
importantly, subjected
Janice to undeserved
criticism.
Letita Lipp
With insightful
suggestions like
this you should
become an
editor
hello to the ubyssey, this
is gregg mcnally coming to
you from my computer, i am
just checking if my fax
machine works or not. by
the way, i think the ubyssey
is an awesome publication
and is really, really neat,
one suggestion would be to
get rid of that guy doug
ferris, he plays video games
too much.
love gregg
Back to your
ivory tower
white boy
Dear Editors,
Congratulations for
another stimulating,
shocking, and subverting
editorial are not in order.
Bijan Sepehri's
"perspective" of the March
15 is ladden with the kind
of scat that is usually
reserved for the bourgoise
pages ofthe Globe and Mail.
Although in this case it is
not good to be that bad. Is
Sepehri typical ofthe whiny
and wimpy, mindless and
and middling priveleged-
class kids that populate
SUB 241K? More and more
I am inclined to think so.
The poor little rich kids
dilemna: Do I drive the car
that Daddy bought and
insured for me or do I play
the sufferring student and
pretend to enjoy taking the
bus because it's the right
thing to do? The arguments
Sepehri makes in favor of
the former illustrate the
vehicular majority's
pompous justification to
wreak havoc on the E-word,
cow-tow to big business and
keep their hair dry.
Sepehri's flaccid
indictment of B.C. transit
is misplaced and
inconceivable. As I
understand it Sepehri
expects the already heavily
subsidized B.C. transit to
run more buses, build more
sky trains and lower user
fares? Smoke some reality
Bijan.
Thousands of cars drive
over soggy half-read
Ubysseys every day on this
campus and that hazard is
reason enough to take the
bus. But, I guess I will not
be seeing Bijan Sepehri on
the bus until they have
nuclear powered
transporters. Even that, I
suspect, will be an
incovenience to the ultra-
priveleged Bijan Sepehri.
Brent Baybrook
government funding for
filmmakers decreases.
"The heyday of art for
art's sake is over. Canadian
filmmakers have to sell
what they make. They
have to cater to the
american market," she
said.
Here's your
stupid letter
The Uninversity of
Toronto annually organizes
the North American Model
United Nations (NAMUN),
at which universities
represent various countries
and their delegates attend
committees dealing with
such diverse topics as the
environment,
discrimination, and the
Bosnian conflict; resolutions
are drawn up and voted
upon.
Sixteen students from
UBC, many of whom belong
to the International
Relations Students
Association (IRSA) recently
attended NAMUN; seven
represented the Russian
Federation, five the
Netherlands and four
represented Thailand.
The performance ofthe
UBC delegates was
absolutely first class; they
were instrumental in
drawing most of the
resolutions and controlled
the direction that much of
the debate took.
Four UBC delegates
won best of committee
awards, confirming the
contribution that UBC
made.
UBC's success and
standing at NAMUN,
(which was also visited by
the Minister of Trade),
would not have been
possible without the help of
a number of people and
organizations.
We would like to thank
Prof Blake, Lonny Carlile,
Prof Chou, David
Edgington, Bill French,
Ashok Kotwal, Fritz
Lehmann, Paul Marrantz,
Jake Newton, Peter Petro,
David Schweitzer, Anne
Scott, Alan Siaroff, Prof
Smith, Paul Tennant and
Mark Zacher for supporting
our funding application and
help in preparation. Thanks
to the President's Allocation
Committee and to the
United Nations Association
for their financial support,
Roger Sharma for T-shirts,
and many thanks to Donna
Lewis of IBM Canada. The
Russian Community of
Vancouver, the Thai
Embassy and the Dutch
Consulate were invaluable
in their assistance and
thanks to all 16 delegates
who took part especially
Pedram Aram Panahi,
Liliana Daminato and Tina
Strehlke for their hard work
and efforts. Congratulations
also to the IRSA Harvard
Model UN delegation on
their success and
achievements. UBC was
excellently represented at
both Toronto and Harvard
and IRSA encourages
applications for Model UNs
next year-the benefits are
enormous.
Dinos Kyrou
NAMUN'94 Delegation FRIDAY 11 MARCH 1994
UBYSSEY
THE UBYSSEY 11
UBYSSEY ELECTIONS UBYSSEY ELECTIONS UBYSSEY ELECTIONS
So you think you can handle
production hell, AMS vendettas,
greasy Chinese food and rancorous
debates over whether or not to capitalize "Allah"? Then you may be
Ubyssey editor material!
To be an editor/coordinator
(and to vote) you must be a staff
member - and to be a staffer you
have to contribute to at least three
issues, whether by writing, helping
out with production, or taking/developing photos. All editors must
be active members of the Alma
Mater Society. The term office
begins in April and lasts for one
calendar year.
The following positions are up for
election:
culture coordinator
news coordinator
production coordinator
photography coordinator
production editor
coordinating editor
news editors (2)
copy editor
Representative   to   the   AMS
publications board
Voting takes place from Friday
18 March to Wednesday 23 March.
Balloting details and final staff list
will be listed in the office of The
Ubyssey, and results in the 25
March issue. Talk to Graham Cook
if you're supposed to be on the staff
list. Interviews with potential
editors will be posted in the office.
Be sure to read them before you
vote.
Job descriptions are posted
in the office, SUB 241K
ef
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Women Students' Office Sexual Harassment Office Student Health Outreach Ho^
Did You Know?
There seems to be a generational cycle
to violence against women!
According to a Statistics Canada Survey on violence against women, that:
The report revealed clear support for a theory of a generational cycle of
violence
Women with violent fathers-in-law were three times as likely as women
with non-violent fathers-in-law to be assaulted by their partners
39% of women in violent marriages reported that their children witnessed
the violence against them.
For more information or help, call:
Women Students' Office 822-2415 AMS Safety Hazard Line 822-SAFE
822-4858 Sexual Harassment Office 822-6353
224-1322 Student Counselling 822-3811
WAVAW/Rape Crisis 255-6344
Student Health Outreach
R.C.M.P.
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A lunch-time symposium sponsored by
The Faculty Association
and the
Alma Mater Society
Is pur Campus in Decline?
Teaching and Learning
AT UBC
A public forum for student, public, and faculty opinion on UBC's
physical, intellectual, and social condition in the '90s
Thursday, March 24, 1994
Law Theatre, Rm 101
Faculty of Law, UBC campus
12:30- 1:30 p.m.
Speakers will include:
Dr. G. Spiegelman, Professor of Microbiology, UBC
* Teaching and Learning in a Crumbling Campus
Mr. W. Dobie, President, UBC Alma Mater Society
Ms. S. Hoenie, Graduate Student Society
* Learning Conditions, Personal Security, and Quality of Life at UBC
Dr. N. Guppy, Professor of Sociology
* Accessibility to UBC—Keeping Faith with British Columbian Families
Dr. W. Bruneau, President, UBC Faculty Association
* Where Do We Go From Here?
Admission Free - All Welcome
Free coffee and cookies will be available at the end of the symposium.
For information, contact Dr. D. Mathers, Physiology, 822-5684
Staff list:    The following have
contricuted to at least three issues
and are eligible to vote in the
elections this month:
Douglas Ferris
Graham Cook
Taivo Evard
Sara Martin
Steve Chow
Ted Young-Ing
Siobhan Roantree
Liz van Assum
Niva Chow
Christine Price
Gregg McNally
Steve Scali
Michelle Wong
Omar Kassis
Trevor Presley
Tanya Storr
Graham Coleman
Sarah O'Donnell
Pat McGuire
Tanya Battersby
Kirsten Murphy
Judy Chun
Will Hamlin
Bob Beck
Paula Foran
Anne McEwen
Anne Gebauer
Tony Zuniga
David Black
Steve Bercic
Janice Fiamengo
Bijan Sepehri
Katharine Smart
Jeff Haas
Ron Eichler
Rick Hiebert
Teresa Yep
Susan Juby
If you are not on the voter's list
and have contributed to at least
three issues this term, come on
down to the office and wrestle one
of the editor's for your right to
vote—must pin down an editor for
a three count.
The following are the people who
havj contributed to one or two
issues and only need to come in or
submit a couple more times to get
the power ofthe vote:
Mike Kitchen
Rodney Snooks
Emily McNair
Bruce Wolff
Ian Gunn
KenWu
Damon Rand
Dawn Lassoway
Peggy Lee
Omar Washington
Ellen Costanzol
Sandra Iseman
Matt Green
Janice Fiamengo
Jason Hayden
Tanya Richardson
Kamala Todd
Lisa Kwan
Jennifer Horner
Julie O'Connor
Fernando Avendano
Gerry Straathofq
Christine Reynard
Joseph Callaghan
Heather
Kent Hurl
Tania Trepanier
Denise Tang
Kristian Armstrong
Gary Francesini
Alex Dow
Steve Chan
Bonnie Roth
Tyler Steel
Zeba Crook
HEY KIDS VOTE FOR THE FUTURE EDITORS. LOOK
FOR MORE INFORMATION IN THE UBYSSEY OFFICE
IN SUB 241K AN UPDATED TO THE LAST MINUTE
VOTER'S LIST WILL BE POSTED THERE IF YOU
DON'T SEE YOUR NAME HERE
l+l
Transport Canada
Aviation
Transports Canada
Aviation
PUBLIC NOTICE
TRANSPORT CANADA IS LOOKING FOR TRAINEES
TO BECOME AIR TRAFFIC CONTROLLERS.
Transport Canada - Air Traffic Services Pacific Region is accepting
applications for air traffic controllers for the Vancouver Area Control
Centre, Richmond, B.C.
QUALIFICATIONS
Are you at least 18 years of age?
Have you successfully completed secondary school,
or an equivalent?
Are you a Canadian citizen or landed immigrant?
Are you in good health?
Do you have normal colour perception and good eyesight?
Do you have excellent hearing and diction?
Are you decisive?
Are you good at basic mathematics?
Are you willing to work shifts?
Are you willing to dedicate a period of time to a training program
that entails hard work, study, and short-term relocation?
If you've answered "yes" to these questions and are interested in
receiving more information about a career as an air traffic controller,
simply fill out the coupon below and mail it to: Transport Canada -
Regional Staffing Officer, Suite 620, 800 Burrard Street, Vancouver,
B.C. V6Z2J8
£<"
NAME:
ADDRESS:
POSTAL CODE:
TEL.:
NAME OF YOUR COLLEGE/UNIVERSITY:
Transport Canada is an equal opportunity employer.
Canada Includes upgraded wheels (not shown)
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