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UBC Reports Jan 4, 2007

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VOLUME   53   I   NUMBER   1   I   JANUARY   4,   2007
A New Science of Faith:
Busting the "Secularization Myth"
Ara Norenzayan, a social psychologist, studies what causes people to commit good or evil
in the name of God.
By Asst. Prof. Ara Norenzayan,
Dept. of Psychology,
Faculty of Arts
Belief in God has often been blamed for
much of the violence in the world, and
many see secularization as a safeguard
against religious intolerance and violence.
Yet we have found no empirical support
for the contention that believing in God in
and of itself promotes hatred and violence,
although dogmatic belief and boundary-
setting religious tendencies, like their
secular counterparts, do.
In the last several years, my research
has investigated religion as a group of
interrelated behaviours deeply rooted in
basic human needs and ordinary mental
dispositions, transmitted culturally across
minds, and recurrent across societies and
historical time. As a social psychologist,
I'm interested in how religious beliefs
are formed in the mind, what motivates
people to arrive at and hold these beliefs,
and when these beliefs encourage costly
and apparently irrational behaviours, such
as violent martyrdom, or benign ones like
altruism towards strangers.
Although there is no scientific consensus
yet as to what religion is and how to
explain it, there is growing agreement that
a natural science of faith, religion, and
spirituality is the next big thing on the
horizon. Judging from the recent flurry of
continued on page 3
'  the
For the second year, UBC Reports
has asked experts in a variety of
fields to identify the next major
advance that will influence
our world. From personally
V    customized drugs, to creating
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\    the ability to assess animal
\    emotions and more, their
\     predictions capture our
\     imagination about
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Disease Diagnosis
and Therapy
Customized to Each
Person's Genetic Make-up
By Prof. Ronald Reid,
Chair, Division of Biomolecular and
Pharmaceutical Chemistry
Faculty of Pharmaceutical Sciences
Personalized medicine based on the
individuality of the human genome
will allow physicians and pharmacists
to accurately characterize disease and
identify not only the best drug to be
administered to a particular patient for a
specific disease, but also the correct, safe,
and effective drug dose the first time.
Pharmacogenomics uses information
Pharmacogenomics will bring personalized therapies and prevent toxic drug interactions.
from the human genome to diagnose
disease and predict the efficacy and
toxicity of drug therapy, a concept that
has come to be known as "personalized
medicine." The technology involved is
complex, requiring large-scale experimental
approaches combined with equally
complex statistical and computational
analyses. The fundamental strategy in a
pharmacogenomics approach is to expand
the scope from examining variations in
single genes, proteins, and metabolites
to studying the interaction of all genes,
proteins, and metabolites that are
continued on page 5
. the Next
Big Thing
Read the entire 2007 Next Big Thing faculty expert survey, including the following:
:: New Land Use Restrictions to Protect Water Security - Assoc. Prof. Karen Bakker
:: A Boom in Aging Research - Asst. Prof. Colin Reid
:: Grappling with the Moral Dimensions of Advances in Assisted Reproduction - Prof. Judith Daniluk
Visit www.ubc.ca/nextbigthing 2     |     UBC    REPORTS     |    JANUARY   4,    2007
Call or email today for a complimentary retirement analysis
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Senior Financial
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Frank Danielson
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Management Ltd.
"Frank and Don made me feel very
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C«TR 101.9 FM's Nardwuar the Human Serviette and Alison Benjamin.
Highlights of UBC Media Coverage in Nov. - Dec. 2006. compiled by basil waugh
Goldenberg says the busy bar
scene and culture of "binge
partying" when oilpatch workers
are on short- and long-term
breaks have contributed to a rise
of sexually transmitted infections
(STIs) in Northeastern B.C.
Goldenberg says that issues
like work schedules, clinic hours,
availability of appointments, and
even bus access are affecting the
ability of youth to get tested for
Campus Radio Station Crowns
City's Best New Band, Launches
National music media reported
on the 2006 edition of SHiNDiG!,
the annual Vancouver battle-of-
the-bands competition organized
by CiTR 101.9 FM, UBC's
student-led campus/community
radio station.
CBC Radio 3 and Chart
Attack magazine reported on
the 13-week competition that
concluded Dec. 5 at the Railway
Club with Victoria, Victoria!
being named the city's best new
band. In total, 27 bands duked it
out for recording, mastering and
promotion prizes this year.
"Cheers to UBC campus
station CiTR for putting on this
battle of rock royale all these
years ... you must be doing
something very right," said
CBC Radio 3 personality Grant
Lawrence, adding that the finals
featured "three very fitting and
accomplished young bands."
CiTR, which recently
introduced CiTR on Demand
podcasts, has helped to
launch some of the some
of the biggest names in the
Canadian independent music
scene, including alt-country
crooner Neko Case, a former
SHiNDiG! winner; Lawrence,
a former feature writer for
CiTR's Discorder magazine; and
Nardwuar The Human Serviette,
CiTR DJ and MuchMusic
"guerilla" interviewer. 13
State-Subsidized Destruction at
Sea, Fish Feelings
UBC Fisheries Centre researchers
featured prominently in
international news in November.
Prof. Rashid Sumaila was
cited in coverage of a defeated
United Nations proposal to ban
environmentally harmful deep-
sea bottom-trawl fishing, and
Prof. Daniel Pauly was quoted
in reports of U.K.-based New
Scientist magazine's survey of
the biggest anticipated scientific
breakthroughs over the next 50
Opinion pieces in France's
International Herald Tribune, the
Vancouver Sun and Montreal's
the Gazette cited research
led by Sumaila that found
that international high seas
bottom-trawling fleets would be
unprofitable without some $152
million a year in subsidies, mainly
in the form of cut-price fuel, from
countries including Japan, Russia,
South Korea, and Spain. Without
these subsidies, Sumaila estimates
that the fleet would not be able to
continue fishing.
Media in the U.K. and
Australia, including the Telegraph,
the Guardian, the Times and
the Australian reported Pauly's
statement that the most important
development for the oceans
would be a device that could
detect, amplify and transmit the
"thoughts" of animals in a way
that would evoke empathy in
"This would first work with
primates, then mammals in
general, then the other vertebrates
including fish," said Pauly. "This
would cause, obviously, a global
revulsion at eating flesh of all
kinds, and we would all become
Prof. Considers New Liberal
Party Leader
UBC political scientist Allan
Tupper featured prominently in
media coverage of the federal
Liberals' choice of Stephane Dion
as party leader in early December.
In an interview with U.S.-based
Bloomberg, Tupper said that the
environment - an issue Dion
campaigned heavily on - "is more
important to voters in Quebec
than people in other parts of the
country." He added: "the Liberals
[may] be able to reconstitute
themselves quickly [in Quebec]."
In a Globe and Mail article,
Tupper said: "Dion developed a
considerable presence in Western
Canada through his work on
intergovernmental relations ... I
think people in the major resource
industries of Calgary would say
they regard him as a straight
Tupper also appeared in the
Vancouver Sun's Dion coverage.
Sex and the Oilpatch
The Alaska Highway News
reports on a UBC study that
examines the barriers for youth to
sexual health services in Fort St.
UBC graduate student Shira
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[N BT)
A Scientific System that Shuts Down New Diseases Fast
By Prof. B. Brett Finlay,
UBC Peter Wall Distinguished
Professor, Michael Smith
Laboratories, and
Prof. Robert. C. Brunham,
Provincial Executive Director,
B.C. Centre for Disease Control
(CDC) and Director, UBC CDC
Predicting the next big outbreak
of an infectious disease is nearly
impossible. For example, SARS
came out of nowhere. Although
bird flu is often discussed as
a possible pandemic, it is also
possible that the next big thing
will be some new variant of a
virus or pathogenic microbe that
is new to us. Thus to us, the next
big thing is to build capacity to
fight an unknown foe by learning
from past experience.
SARS was a major wake-up call
to the world. It was unforeseen
and unknown to medical science.
It spread around the world in
an extremely rapid fashion, and
caused great anxiety worldwide.
Although the number of people
who actually were infected
with the SARS virus was less
than 10,000, and the number
The SARS outbreak taught scientists new ways to respond to global health threats.
Asia and Canada. To put this in
perspective, at least 54 million
people die every year, and one-
third of these die of infectious
diseases; and thel918 Spanish flu
and sequenced the SARS virus,
and found it belonged to the
coronovirus family, which
usually only causes mild upper
respiratory infections. In a
attempts include rapid science
to develop prototype vaccines
and new ways to scientifically
respond to unknown threats
(Finlay, B.B., See, R.H. and
Interestingly it was these public
health approaches that broke
the chain of transmission of the
SARS virus and drove it back into
Our capacity to do major
science on infectious threats
continues to accelerate. We
can now rapidly identify and
sequence pathogens potentially
within hours of first isolation.
We can employ sophisticated
methods to develop vaccines and
potential treatments. We can use
mathematical modeling to predict
global spread patterns and
quantify the impact of treatment
and quarantine strategies.
Although it may appear that the
sky continues to fall because of
the prediction of new pandemics,
we now have many new ways
to counter these threats. In our
opinion, the next big thing in the
battle against emerging diseases
is a coordinated global scientific
attack on such problems. As in
war, one must first understand
the enemy, and then use that
knowledge to try and overcome
the threat. We are now entering
an era where we can begin to
We can now rapidly identify and sequence pathogens potentially within hours of first isolation.
of people who died less than a
thousand, worldwide SARS is
estimated to have had a global
cost of $100 billion, mainly in
Prof. Brett Finlay
killed an estimated 20-40 million
people, which is more than all
those who died in World War I.
However, SARS taught us much
about how new diseases emerge
and how to respond to these
threats based on coordinated
ways that use cutting edge science
to mobilize solutions. SARS
galvanized the global public
health community into sharing
information in an unprecedented
manner. Scientists rapidly isolated
global race to sequence it, its
entire genome was unraveled
in a mere eight days by at least
three separate groups. Put into
perspective, it was in the 1930s
when scientists finally isolated the
cause of the 1918 flu pandemic
and it wasn't until 2005 that
its genome was deciphered in a
tour de force of paleogenomics.
Knowing the sequence of an
emerging pathogen leads to
attempts to combat it. These
Brunham, R.C. 2004. Rapid
response research to emerging
infectious diseases: lessons from
SARS. Nature Rev Microbiol
2:10-16). Moreover, the SARS
experience also showed how
we can rapidly determine
how pathogens spread (small
droplets and close contact), and
use epidemiologic science to
guide public health measures
such as isolation or quarantine
to limit further transmission.
understand and neutralize these
threats, instead of standing by
and hoping for the best. This is
the next big thing. 13
Prof. Robert Brunham
SCIENCE of FAITH continued from page 1
best-selling books and scientific
conferences on religion, scientists
and philosophers are awakening
to the reality of religion as a
reliable aspect of human nature
and culture.
Passionate devotion to God
has waned little, no matter
what scientists and scholars
have predicted. In 1851, French
historian Ernest Renan wrote
that Islam would be the last
religious creation of humanity.
Others - from Freud to Dawkins
- have subscribed to what the
sociologist Peter Berger calls
the "secularization myth," that
with the advances of science and
technology, and the growing
affluence of societies, religion,
like alchemy and body armor, will
become a thing of the past. Until
now, scientists have either ignored
religion, or railed against it.
At the dawn of the 21st century,
religions are multiplying, growing
and mutating at a brisk pace.
In one estimate, two to three
religions per day are created in
the world today, although only a
few survive and propagate in the
cultural marketplace.
Pentecostalism, a Christian
fundamentalist "charismatic"
sect, is likely to
have one billion
members by
2050 if current
trends continue.
among Islam's
1.3 billion people
progresses apace,
and fundamentalist
movements are also making
significant inroads into Judaism,
Christianity and Hinduism.
The United States - the world's
most economically and militarily
powerful society with a highly
educated population and a
scientifically advanced one - is
also one of the most religious:
96 per cent of Americans believe
in God, 93 per cent and 85 per
cent believe in heaven and hell
respectively, and almost 50 per
cent believe in devils and in a
literal interpretation of the Bible.
In one line of research, my
graduate student Ian Hansen and
I examined what, if anything,
belief in God contributes to
the tendency to scapegoat
other religious groups for the
problems of the world, which is
often associated with religious
intolerance. In a sample of more
than 10,000 people
across several
continents and
all the major
groups of the
world, we found,
that those who
dogmatically believe
that their God or belief is
the only true one, were more
likely to scapegoat. However,
secularization did not seem
to be associated with reduced
scapegoating: those who believed
in the existence of God actually
were less likely to scapegoat.
More directly relevant to
violence, with the psychologist
Jeremy Ginges at the New
School for Social Research, we
examined Muslim Palestinian
support for suicide attacks
against Israelis. Contrary to
popular belief, those who prayed
to God frequently were no more
or less likely to support suicide
attacks than those who did not,
although those who frequently
attended Mosque were more
likely to endorse violent
martyrdom. This pattern was not
unique to Muslims, however: in
another study, Jewish religious
settlers in the West Bank who
were reminded of prayer to God
were less likely to approve of
violence against Palestinians
compared to those reminded
of synagogue attendance. My
graduate student Azim Shariff
and I have also found that
in controlled experiments of
altruistic behaviour, unconscious
reminders of the presence of God
increased generosity towards
anonymous strangers among
If religion and spirituality
in one form or another are
part of what it is to be human,
then a science of faith, from
neuroscience to sociology, is one
essential element in multicultural
civil societies such as Canada
and the United States. A science
of faith cannot tell us about
moral choices and about the
meaning of life; it neither
condemns nor defends religion,
any more than biology exalts
or assails spider webs or beaver
dams; but it can tell us important
things about the origins and
consequences of religious beliefs
and experiences. 13
2007 President's Service Award For Excellence Nominations
The committee is seeking nominations of outstanding staff and
faculty who have made distinguished service to the university.
For a nomination form, please go to www.ceremonies.ubc.ca
Please mail nominations to:
President's Service Award For Excellence Committee
c/o Ceremonies Office, 2nd Floor, Ponderosa B, Campus Zone 2.
Deadline for nominations is Feb 28, 2007 4     I     UBC    REPORTS     |    JANUARY   4,    2007
Alternative Existence in
By Brian Lamb, Manager,
Emerging Technologies &
Digital Content, Office of
Learn i ng Tech n ol ogy
Right now on the web the
most rapid growth, the most
innovation, and the most buzz
concerns the emergence of
three-dimensional immersive
environments for online activity.
These parallel worlds, populated
by virtual avatars representing
human beings in the physical
world, are home to activities and
interactions that a short time ago
might only have been imagined
in science fiction.
Immersive worlds are largely
a by-product of the massively
multiplayer online games that
allow thousands to play inside
a dizzying array of virtual
environments. Perhaps the
best known of these is Vivendi
Universal's World of Warcraft,
in which players adopt the roles
of warriors or hunters questing
for virtual gold and power
in an atmosphere somewhat
reminiscent of The Lord of
the Rings. Improved personal
computing power and the growth
of high-speed Internet access has
resulted in exploding popularity
Through their avatars, visitors to Second Life can get down and boogie at their favourite club.
for these rich 3-D spaces.
Second Life is a 3-D world
that extends the concept of
immersive environments beyond
gaming. As its name suggests,
Second Life is a user-created
world defined by the activities of
its "residents" within a virtual
"meta-verse" developed and
made publicly available by a
California company, Linden
Labs. Each user creates a
personal avatar by choosing
amongst hundreds of settings
and options, and most of the
environment is built by the
j r
"Good design must express function and comfort and project individual
style. Restraint and a sense of proportion go furthest in creating a look of
timeless elegance."
These are the words that describe both a philosophy and a simple set
of rules by which Robert Ledingham guides his work. We are extremely
pleased to announce that he has brought this discipline to an exclusive
collection of 10 executive homes at Stirling House.
The Robert Ledingham Collection.
3 bedroom, 1,983 square foot homes from $1.15 million
Visit www.stirlinghouseliving.ca or call 604 228 8100
1716 Theology Mall, (at Chancellor Blvd) Vancouver
Open noon - 5pm daily except Fridays
Parallel Worlds
residents themselves. Second Life
has its own internal economy,
and its own currency, known
as Linden Dollars, which may
be used to purchase "land" or
goods and services from other
residents. Purchases may range
from stylish clothing needed
to make a dashing impression
to a "Complete Storm System"
speculators, advertisers and
private detectives. Second
Life has already proven to be
a popular outlet for musical
performances, with real world
music acts staging shows
themselves and others creating
virtual tributes for popular acts
such as U2.
As the technology improves in
support Professor Marvin
Cohodas's art history courses.
And the Masters of Digital
Media Program, a collaboration
between UBC, Simon Fraser
University, Emily Carr Institute
and BCIT, will also be staging
course activities in a Second Life
campus when it opens on the
Great Northern Way Campus in
These parallel worlds, populated by virtual avatars
representing human beings in the physical world, are
home to activities and interactions that a short time ago
might only have been imagined in science fiction.
that allows users to summon
rain, hail and lightning from the
digital sky.
Boosters of Second Life
suggest that the range of
virtual business opportunities
is comparable to that in the
real world. Design firms that
specialize in creating stunning
structures and landscapes are
collecting sizable fees in both
real and Linden Dollars, and
residents are making real-life
livings in virtual professions
serving as wedding planners,
casino operators, real estate
its power to engage, researchers
and educators are increasingly
exploring the use of virtual
worlds. The University of
British Columbia's Faculty of
Arts Instructional Support &
Information Technology (ISIT)
unit has been building a Second
Life island campus, named
Buchanan, after the Faculty's
main building. The island draws
inspiration from features of the
UBC campus such as the Rose
Garden, the Clock Tower, and
the Chan Centre, with spaces
filled with ancient works that
September 2007.
Given the continued advances
in technology and infrastructure,
and the stunning growth in
environments such as Second
Life, immersive virtual worlds
may well be the next big thing in
online culture.
For more information on
Second Life projects at UBC, visit
a blog on ISIT's virtual campus
at http://ubcartssecondlife.
notlong.com, or the Masters of
Digital Media blog at http://
com/. 13
DISEASE DIAGNOSIS continued from page 1
relevant to disease
diagnosis and a successful
therapeutic outcome.
The application of
pharmacogenomics to health
care emphasizes that the present
paradigm of "evidence-based
medicine," the techniques
of which are derived from
randomized and double blind
clinical trials, is inconsistent with
"personalized medicine."
The application of statistical
information derived from clinical
drug trials on large populations
results in a standard dose range
for the population, which both
overdoses and underdoses a
small but significant portion of
that population. The failure to
recognize patients as individuals
is likely a factor in adverse drug
and toxic drug-drug interactions
that account for 100,000
patient deaths, two million
hospitalizations, and $100
billion in health-care costs in the
United States yearly.
Over the next 20 years, in an
effort to effectively address the
problems of adverse drug and
toxic drug-drug interactions,
pharmacogenomics research
will further refine the paradigm
of "personalized medicine"
through the development of
technologies to determine the
precise biochemical changes,
referred to as a metabolic
phenotype, underlying
a disease pathology
and therapy and
the elucidation of
environmental factors
(e.g., diet, lifestyle,
culture, exposure to
other chemicals, etc.) contributing
to the many components of
the metabolic phenotype. By
comparing the metabolic
phenotypes of normal and disease
states, nucleic acid, protein,
and small molecule biomarkers
descriptive of a disease phenotype
can be identified.
Similar studies on the
biochemical changes involved
in drug therapy will provide
biomarkers characteristic of
drug metabolism, distribution,
and drug action descriptive of
successful therapeutic outcomes
(therapeutic phenotype). This
will permit a better understanding
of disease pathology, provide
new drug targets for disease
therapy, identify biomarkers
characteristic of disease potential
and development as well as
biomarkers descriptive of drug
efficacy and toxicity.
For example, in the future,
physicians will send off a patient's
urine sample for analysis of
several hundred molecules
(biomarkers) arising from the
patient's metabolism. The
pattern of concentration of
these molecules in the disease
state, compared to the pattern
in a healthy individual, will
enable individualized diagnosis
and therapy, even in complex
diseases such as schizophrenia.
The analysis and results will be
available to the physician within
The development of the
information technology (Health
Informatics) necessary to make
sense of this complex area is in
the early stages of development.
As knowledge and technology
progress, genomic information
will come well within the realm
of routine use. Over the coming
years, standard blood and urine
tests augmented by new sources
of medical data will yield a
plethora of new information
about a patient's current and
future health and provide new
directions for individualized
disease prevention and therapy.
These advances in biomedical
knowledge and information
systems will result in novel
approaches to genetic counseling,
patient education, risk
assessment, medical decision
making, monitoring treatment,
privacy and regulatory issues,
and patient empowerment, which
will shift the emphasis of health
care from the reactive response
to illness to the proactive
minimization of unnecessary
morbidity over an individual's
Finally, the realignment
of the medical paradigm
from "evidence-based" to
"personalized" via the
application of pharmacogenomics
should provide a viable solution
to optimize disease diagnosis and
patient therapy and significantly
reduce costs to the health-care
system. 13
Eil Math Centre
Non-credit courses designed to help
UBC students meet the challenge of
first-year math. Classes are user-friendly
and offer individual attention.
MATH 002: Precalculus 2
- starts Jan 8
1 MATH 004:
Differential Calculus Part 2
- starts Jan 23
Register now.
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www.pointgreyguesthouse.com    info@pointgreyguesthouse.com 6     |     UBC    REPORTS     |    JANUARY    4,    2007
Q| Finding the Treatment, and Possibly
Cure, for Diabetes in the Human Gut
What exactly is diabetes?
Simply put, it is diagnosed by excessively elevated levels of blood
sugar. It results from a deficiency of insulin - a hormone produced
from specialized cells ofthe pancreas, called beta-cells. Insulin moves
the sugar we consume out ofthe blood and into cells to be used
for energy. When there is insufficient insulin, cells starve, and if not
caught soon enough, death results.
What causes diabetes?
Unfortunately we still don't know, but we have a general idea. In
type 1, an over-zealous immune system destroys the insulin making
beta-cells. This means life-long insulin replacement, typically by
needle with every meal at a dose estimated to match the sugar
content ofthe food. Multiple daily blood sugar measurements are
required to monitor effectiveness. Imagine a parent trying to explain
that to a newly diagnosed child.
A more prevalent form of diabetes, type 2, is associated with obesity.
Added fat requires more insulin, a task the beta-cells are usually up
for. However, for some, beta-cells eventually falter and blood sugar
levels start to rise.
Got gut? Gut hormones may help combat diabetes; gastric bypass can reverse it.
By Timothy Kieffer,
Assoc. Professor of Cellular and
Physiological Sciences
Diabetes threatens to become
a global health crisis. Many
predict that unless we begin
altering the behaviours that
put our young people at risk of
developing the disease, treating
diabetes and its complications
is going to dominate future
health-care expenditures. Indeed
it is predicted that one of three
children born now will develop
diabetes. Approximately 250
million already have the disease
and it will present them with
debilitating complications like
blindness, kidney failure and
limb amputations. Even with
treatment, diabetes currently
reduces life span by an average
of 15 years; about three-quarters
of patients die of stroke or heart
More than two-thirds of
people with diabetes are obese.
They require drugs that stimulate
beta-cells to make more insulin
Get Your Research and Teaching in the News
' Help Attract Students and Funding Grants
• Build Public Awareness and Support
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or to arrange for a presentation to your department or group.
phone 604.822.1266
and/or drugs that help insulin
work better. When these don't
work any longer, people require
insulin. Unfortunately this form
of diabetes is growing at an
alarming rate, along with our
waistlines. There are already
approximately one billion obese
individuals, with the incidence
tragically growing most in our
children. Fat-laden and sugar-
rich food combined with lack of
physical activity appear to be the
sinister recipe.
The good news?
There are exciting new
therapies on the way that
have the potential to not only
treat diabetes, but perhaps
even cure it. The US Federal
Drug Administration recently
approved new therapies that
harness GLP-1 and the UBC-
discovered hormone GIP, a class
DPP4, that normally destroys
incretins. They went on to show
that inhibitors of DPP4 could
enhance incretin levels and
thereby improve control of blood
sugar levels. The first DPP4
inhibitor, JanuviaTM, will be on
the market soon, and others will
Scientists on campus are also
developing ways to coax the gut
incretin cells into making insulin.
The natural ability of these cells
to release hormones at meal-time
means that this strategy could
eliminate the needle injections
and guess work associated with
traditional insulin therapy. The
same strategy might be used
to boost the release of satiety
factors - agents that make us feel
full. Feeling full sooner could
help curb overindulgence.
Additional remedies will likely
come from the gut. Gastric
The natural ability of these cells to release
hormones at meal-time means that
this strategy could eliminate the needle
injections and guess work associated with
traditional insulin therapy.
of gut hormones called incretins,
that are released from the gut
during meals and stimulate
insulin release. Unlike currently
used drugs, these incretins
also entice the pancreas to
manufacture more insulin and
even to make more beta-cells.
Thus, when combined with an
immunosuppressor, these agents
may actually coax the body to
help itself, even in those with
long-standing type 1 diabetes.
They may also be good for
the heart. The first incretin-
based therapy, Byetta™, is now
available in the US. As an added
reward, many taking Byetta™
lose a substantial amount of
UBC researchers discovered
another way to take advantage
of incretins. They noted that
the body produces an enzyme,
bypass - a surgical procedure
that results in food bypassing
a portion of the stomach and
intestine - results in profound
weight loss by limiting the
amount of food the patient can
comfortably eat. Remarkably,
it can also cure diabetes before
pounds are shed; it is not simply
a matter of eating less. Within
the next few years we will likely
learn how gastric bypass reverses
diabetes such that we can
replace the scalpel with pills that
produce the same effects.
Researchers are working
feverishly in both academic and
industrial settings to arrest the
epidemic of both obesity and
diabetes. They say the way to
a man's heart is through his
stomach ... in this case it just
might be true. 13 UBC    REPORTS     |    JANUARY   4,    2007     |     7
[N BT)
Back to the Future
Substituting Wood for Oil with the "Forest Biorefinery"
Byjack Saddler,
Professor of Forest Products
Biotechnology and Dean,
and Warren Mabee, Research
Associate, Dept. of Wood
Science, Faculty of Forestry
Currently, 97 per cent of the
North American transport sector
runs on petroleum, with ethanol
derived from corn and wheat
accounting for the majority of
the remaining two to three per
cent. However, in the next five
to 10 years, it is projected that
new technologies will allow
liquid biofuels - like ethanol
or butanol - to be produced
economically from biomass
such as agricultural and wood
residues. This could signal a
seismic change for Canada's
and the world's agricultural and
forest industries.
Over the last year or two,
there has been a huge surge of
interest in biofuels and other
forms of bioenergy. Although
oil prices have fallen somewhat
over the last month or so,
they remain relatively high,
influencing everything from
personal to national budgets. It
is certain that uncertainty will
continue for oil prices, due to the
seemingly intractable conflicts in
the Middle East oil-rich countries
and the vulnerability of other
critical oil producing regions to
extreme weather events.
Governments in Europe,
North America and Asia have
embraced biofuels and bioenergy
to in part address social and
economic concerns over global
energy supplies. For example,
Sweden has a national target
of being fossil-fuels free by
2020, with bioenergy (including
the importing of wood pellets
from B.C.) playing a key role in
attaining this target.
Similarly, roadmaps developed
in the U.S. have assessed that
country's potential for biomass
growth and biofuel production,
and found it may be possible
to offset the almost one billion
dollars a day the U.S.
currently spends on
imported oil.
The U.S. Dept.
of Energy
has forecast
total ethanol
production from corn
and cellulose to be
about 40-56 billion litres
annually by 2030. While this
would be equivalent to about
30 per cent of global ethanol
production it is still less than
10 per cent of projected U.S.
demand. President Bush's
Advanced Energy Imitative,
announced in his 2006 State of
the Union address, increased
research funding for cellulosic
ethanol, with the goal of making
it cost competitive with corn-
based ethanol by 2012.
Over the past few years, UBC
has been fortunate in obtaining
federal and provincial support
to establish a world-class
Clean Energy Research Centre
based in the Faculty of Applied
Science, while the Faculty of
Forestry Dean Jack Saddler forecasts a seismic charge in agricultural and forest industries when biofuels can be
produced economically in the next decade.
Forestry has received about $2.5
million to establish a Process
Development Unit (PDU) to
assess the potential of wood-
based biofuels and chemicals.
Our group also acts as the Task
pine in the province of British
Columbia by 2013, served to
provide a focus for the meeting.
An outbreak of this size is
unprecedented in recorded
history. There is an accumulating
model of business which all types
of industry could follow.
UBC is carrying out research
which addresses some of the
key challenges associated with
increased biofuels and bioenergy
If only 25 per cent ofthe MPB-killed wood in BC was
converted to ethanol, it could supply between five and io
years' worth of B.C.'s gasoline requirements.
Leaders for the International
Energy Agency's (IEA) network,
coordinating the technical and
policy issues influencing the
global commercialization of liquid
biofuels from biomass.
In August 2006, The Forest
Products Biotechnology group at
UBC organized a meeting which
hosted more than 130 experts
from around the world to discuss
bioenergy development. Senior
experts from North America,
Europe, Asia, and Africa each
brought their own unique
perspectives to the table and
helped define the technical and
political challenges and significant
opportunities that the current and
future biofuels and bioenergy
sectors will face. One clear
outcome of the meeting was that
there are significant opportunities
that new biofuel and bioenergy
technologies can provide in terms
of social, economic, and
environmental returns.
The ongoing Mountain pine
beetle (MPB) outbreak, projected
to cumulatively impact almost 1
billion cubic metres of lodgepole
surplus of standing deadwood in
our forests, which increases the
danger of catastrophic fires and
reduces the merchantable volume
of the working forest. While we
will try to recover as much of the
beetle-killed wood as possible
in the short term for structural
applications, we know that
wood impacted by MPB loses its
value as timber over time, and
so wood that has been standing
dead for extended periods
cannot be processed into lumber,
pulp or other advanced wood
products. In the longer
term, development of
bioenergy applications
may provide
us with a cost-
effective product
that justifies
harvesting and replanting
activities. For example, if only
25 per cent of the MPB-killed
wood was converted to ethanol,
it could supply between five and
10 years' worth of B.C.'s gasoline
For the global forest industry,
moving away from fossil fuels
is an economic necessity, as
volatility associated with fossil
fuels has resulted in high energy
costs for the industry in recent
years. There is a need to extract
additional values from our forest
resource, and a need to accept
ecosystem realities in forest
industry practices. Biofuels and
bioenergy, which are inherently
carbon-neutral and work within
the carbon cycle, represent a new
consumption. Some of these
challenges are technical and
require investment in research,
development and demonstration
(RD&D). Moreover, a number
of technological platforms for
biofuel production exist and each
should be explored to compare
their effectiveness and their
ability to produce value-added
co-products. In all cases, the use
of wood for biofuel production
should be linked to bioenergy
and bioproduct generation,
creating a 'biorefinery' with
multiple outputs. The biorefinery
concept provides maximum
economic and environmental
returns by efficiently utilizing all
components of the wood.
Some of the major challenges
will be political, rather than
technical. In the short term it
will be necessary to increase
the financial incentive for using
electricity or fuels derived from
biomass. In Canada, the cost of
electrical power is low enough
that bioenergy generation
facilities have difficulty in
competing. Policies might
also be applied to encourage
the development of bioenergy
production in existing forestry
and agricultural processing
facilities, such as an accelerated
capital-cost write-off schedule.
One recent development is the
emergence of mandates for
biofuel use as seen in Europe,
where 5.75 per cent of fuels must
be renewable by 2012, as well as
in the United States (five per cent
by 2012) and Canada (five per
cent by 2010).
The size of the biofuel and
bioenergy opportunity in
Canada is huge and biorefinery
technologies can and will bring
about major changes to the
sustainable energy future for our
nation. These technologies have
the potential to add long-term,
sustainable jobs in rural, urban,
and aboriginal communities.
What is needed now is continued
collaboration to create technical
platforms for effective and
sustainable use of bioenergy, and
a strong political will for putting
these platforms to work.
For more information contact
Warren Mabee (warren.mabee®
ubc.ca) or Jack Saddler (jack.
saddler@ubc.ca). 13
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www.writingcentre.ubc.ca I     UBC    REPORTS     |    JANUARY   4,    2007
ft Faculty of Medicine
Through knowledge, creating health.
Assistant Dean, Postgraduate Medical Education
The Faculty of Medicine, University of British Columbia
invites applications and nominations for the position of Assistant
Dean, Postgraduate Medical Education.  This position will be
filled by an internal candidate and has an expected start date of
March 1, 2007.
The applicant must have a demonstrated interest
and experience in residency education and in the operations
of residency training.  An MD with either CCFP or RCPSC
certification, and a UBC faculty appointment are required.
Preferably, the applicant should have significant experience
running a residency training program at the level of a program
director, and will have demonstrated leadership skills and
educational innovation.   Demonstrated skills in working
collaboratively are also required.
The individual will work closely with and report to the Co-
Associate Deans, Postgraduate Medical Education.
Faculty of Medicine | Deans Office
Applications, accompanied by
a letter indicating interest and
suitability for this position as well
as a detailed curriculum vitae
and names of three references,
should be directed to:
Dr K. Sivertz and Dr K. Rungta
Co-Associate Deans, PGME
c/o Darcie Prosser
Faculty of Medicine
University of British Columbia
Room 317, Instructional
Resources Centre
2194 Health Sciences Mall
Vancouver, BC   V6T 1Z3
ca with subject line: Assistant
Closing date: February 1, 2007
The University of British
Columbia has consistently
ranked among the top 50
universities in the world.  A
research-intensive university
with the province's only medical
school, UBC is home to more
than 50,000 undergraduate,
graduate and international
students and has an economic
impact of $4 billion to the local
Faculty members, students,
staff and alumni in the Faculty
of Medicine are actively
engaged in innovative, leading
edge research, education and
community service on university
and hospital campuses across
the Province.  Together we
aim to create knowledge and
advance learning that will
make a vital contribution to
the health of individuals and
communities, locally, nationally,
and internationally.
UBC hires on the basis of merit and is committed to employment equity. We
encourage all qualified applicants to apply; however, Canadians and permanent
residents of Canada will be given priority.
www.ubc.ca & www.med.ubc.ca
ff Faculty of Medicine
Through knowledge, creating health.
Associate Dean, Research
The Faculty of Medicine, University of British Columbia invites
applications and nominations for the position of Associate Dean,
Research.  This is a part-time position to be filled by an internal
candidate with an expected start date of July 1, 2007.
Faculty-wide responsibilities are: (a) to provide leadership in
working with government and community partners to enhance health
research at UBC; (b) in partnership with the Senior Associate Dean
and Assistant Deans Research, to lead the integration ofthe research
effort at all sites, in other faculties at UBC, and with other research
universities; (c) to maintain the Faculty grants approval process and
central monitoring of grant applications; and (d) to approve on behalf
ofthe Faculty (with delegation to appropriate Assistant Dean) all
research grants submitted to granting agencies.
Point Grey Campus (excluding UBC Hospital) responsibilities
are: (a) to maximize, with other research leaders, the research
effectiveness ofthe Life Sciences Institute and Centre for Disease
Modelling; (b) to work with the Basic Science Department Heads and
Research Centre Directors to maximize the research effectiveness of
the campus; and   (c) to represent the views of researchers on the
Point Grey campus in all appropriate forums.
The individual will work closely with the Senior Associate
Dean, Research to develop new strategic research initiatives for
the Faculty of Medicine.  The incumbent will report to the Senior
Associate Dean, Research and through the Senior Associate Dean, is
accountable to the Dean.
Faculty of Medicine | Deans Office
Applications, accompanied by a
detailed curriculum vitae and names
of three references, should be
directed to:
Dr. Alison Buchan
Senior Associate Dean, Research
c/o Darcie Prosser
Faculty of Medicine
University of British Columbia
Room 317, Instructional
Resources Centre
2194 Health Sciences Mall
Vancouver, BC   V6T 1Z3
(sea rches@medd.med. ubc.ca
with subject line: Associate Dean-
Closing date: February 15, 2007
Faculty members, students,
staff and alumni in the
Faculty of Medicine are
actively engaged in
innovative, leading edge
research, education and
community service on
university and hospital
campuses across the
Province.  Together we aim
to create knowledge and
advance learning that will
make a vital contribution
to the health of individuals
and communities,
locally, nationally, and
UBC hires on the basis of merit and is committed to employment equity. We
encourage all qualified applicants to apply; however, Canadians and permanent
residents of Canada will be given priority.
/ww.ubc.ca & www.med.ubc.ca
Viral Videos, or
Global Mobilization?
Pop culture theorist Gisele Baxter asks whether all our instant communication will lead to greater splintering
or more cohesion - or both?
By Gisele M. Baxter,
Sessional Lecturer, Dept. of
English, Faculty of Arts
Growing up, my vision of future
communications owed much
to Star Trek, with its efficient
communicators and cross-galaxy
Communication technology
has experienced a revolution
over the last 20-30 years that
science fiction scarcely dreamt,
a seismic shift on the order of
the invention of the telephone,
or of movable type. Does the
possibility of instantaneous
global contact suggest a
smoothly connected network, or
a system of mostly disconnected
pockets of communication?
suggests that trends increasingly
resist definition and are often
ephemeral, also that they tend
to coexist with a variety of other
trends rather than dominate the
popular imagination.) The other
direction is the possibility of
genuine global mass movement
towards widespread change.
E-mail has become so
common that I wonder what
the collected correspondence
of notables will resemble by
the end of this century. Social
networking systems such
as Livejournal or MySpace
enable easy development of
interactive multimedia sites
to be shared with existing
friends and promoted to attract
new ones. A cellphone now
this contact include? Orwell's
telescreens were visible. Now,
Big Brother might be more apt to
peer silently over our shoulder.
A weblog rant about work or
a cellphone conversation on
the bus is hardly private, but
if surfing habits invite tailored
advertising, or if shared images
end up in third-party hands, the
early assumption that e-mail is
about as private as a postcard
echoes resonantly. Moreover,
copyright controversies apply
to more than old commercials
captured to YouTube.
However, while many
might fear they'll be caught
downloading pirated movies
onto their computers (and
this is the sort of debate most
YouTube is full of webcam-recorded confessions that before
would have been consigned to a diary kept safely hidden.
In some ways the 21st century
began with the development of
the silicon chip, and accelerated
with the advent of the Internet.
Cultural phenomena (from
fandom to online role-playing
games) develop as people
quickly locate others who
share their passions. Grassroots
political movements mobilize.
Distant expertise is available
to enthusiastic neophytes.
Marginalized voices find or
create forums.
Yet as one review of the movie
V for Vendetta suggested, it
would be interesting to know
what happens the day after the
revolution. We currently face
two significant directions that
communication technology
could take (one need not
preclude the other). One is a
continued splintering of cultural
interests and preoccupations,
challenging and engaging with
notions of mass culture and
cultural hierarachies. (My
own work in popular culture
allows you to chat while text-
messaging while checking email
while taking a picture while
listening to downloaded music.
Especially but not only among
young people this is changing
the nature, even the syntax of
communication, and challenging
notions of privacy.
We may actually have come
to fear privacy as too much like
loneliness. YouTube is full of
webcam-recorded confessions
that before would have been
consigned to a diary kept
safely hidden. Do we dare to
say something without at least
the chance of an audience?
With all the instantaneous
communication at our disposal,
have we come to dread not
having a lengthy "friend list?"
And what does this contact
amount to: conversation in the
traditional sense, or snippets
of information and links to
homemade videos and reports of
celebrity transgressions?
And what others might
often foregrounded by the
media), others face more serious
restrictions. Where dissent
is especially discouraged,
governments tend to clamp
down on Internet access. This
suggests that the possibility of
political mass movements being
formed and promoted online
is real. Surely there is a critical
mass of people worldwide with
big concerns: war, starvation,
epidemic, environmental
crisis, for example. Could
the technology of mass
communication enable the sort
of connection that might actually
mobilize genuine global activity
towards significant change?
Further advances in
communication technology are
inevitable: however, the way
that question is addressed in this
century will say much about the
actual impact of these advances,
and about the way we view the
relationship between risk and
benefit. 13 UBC REPORTS  | JANUARY 4, 2007 | 9
By Assoc. Prof. Dan Weary,
UBC Animal Welfare Program,
Faculty of Land and
Food Systems
Concerns about the
welfare of animals
are nothing new, but
the best way to care for
animals is not always clear.
Now the developing field of
animal welfare science is helping
people make better decisions
regarding animal care.
Cat owners, pig farmers,
laboratory scientists and many
others need knowledge-based
recommendations on how
to house and manage the
animals under their care,
as the requirements for
good care are not always
clear and some practices
thought to help animals
may also cause harm.
For example, the cat
owner may feel that his
cat needs to explore,
roam and hunt, but
allowing the animal
outside increases its risk of
disease and injury. The pig
farmer may wish to provide
a nutritionally complete
diet and prevent obesity in
her sows, but feeding limited
quantities of a concentrated
diet can leave the animals in
a chronic state of hunger. The
laboratory scientist may wish to
provide housing that prevents the
spread of disease by using caging
that is easy to wash, but the
barren housing conditions that
result can lead to mice spending
much of their day engaged in
stereotypical behaviours that are
repetitive and non-functional.
welfare. In the past, scientists
working in this area tried to
define welfare in terms of their
own biases or what they were
able to measure. For example,
animal scientists focusing on
food animal production used
measures of animal growth or
productivity, and physiologists
used measures of heart rate or
eads us to
the greatest
challenge in this
field - how can we
assess animal emotions?
Assessing pain and
other emotional
states requires
scientific innovations
by program
researchers. Some
simple approaches
can provide great
insights. Preference
tests allow animals to
choose between different
environments, and have
been used to assess what
lying conditions cows
prefer, and what housing
conditions are important
to rats. Animals can be
provided treats in the less
preferred environment to
assess, for example, how much
rats are willing tolerate noxious
conditions. Measures of pain are
validated using proven analgesics,
and some work has shown that
animals with painful injuries will
select feed that has been dosed
with analgesics. Now new work is
suggesting that how animals think
can be used to assess how they
feel. For example, when dairy
...conditions we provide animals should address concerns
about animal health, the expression of natural behaviours,
and animal emotions including pain, hunger and boredom.
UBC's Animal Welfare
Program provides research-based
recommendations for animal
care but faces three challenges in
achieving this goal. First, good
ideas that improve the lives of
animals must also be practical.
For example, horns on adult
dairy cattle are dangerous for
farm workers and injure herd
mates, so the horn buds are
typically removed from the
calves using a hot iron. This is an
unpleasant chore for the farmers,
and painful for the calves.
Research within the program
has now developed a simple
and inexpensive method of dehorning that includes sedating
calves and preventing the pain,
and this method also makes the
chore of de-horning much easier
to perform.
The second challenge is
developing methods of assessing
blood Cortisol.
Program researchers have led
the field to the current consensus:
conditions we provide animals
should address concerns about
animal health, the expression of
natural behaviours, and animal
emotions including pain, hunger
and boredom.
calves are provided a gambling
task using a computerized milk
feeder, calves 'play' less frequently
when they become ill. This result
indicates that clinically ill calves
also feel 'sick', and could also lead
to improved methods of early
diagnoses and treatment on dairy
farms. 13
your UBC •jsrifutii'vg resource
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Prices from as low as:
500 8.5"x 11" colour flyers for $275
500 4"x 6" postcards for $310
We print:
Si Health Science
We provide:
• quality printing
• experienced staff
• reliable, prompt service
• very competitive rates
(new lower printing prices)
• conveniently located on campus
Situated on campus at:
The Media Group
Woodward IRC Building, Rm B32
2194 Health Sciences Mall
Vancouver, BC V6T 1Z3
Email: mediagrp@interchange.ubc.ca
T: (604) 822-5561
F: (604) 822-2004
Dan Weary is an animal welfare expert at UBC.
( Faculty of Medicine
Through knowledge, creating health.
Instructor | MD Undergraduate Program
The University of British Columbia is undergoing a major expansion of its
MD Undergraduate program - dramatically increasing enrolment and recruiting
outstanding new teaching and research faculty.   New teaching and research
facilities are under construction on the Point Grey Campus of UBC and its
affiliated hospitals.
Applications are invited for faculty appointments as Instructors, either full-
time (tenure track) or part-time in the disciplines of: Anatomy, Cell Biology,
Biochemistry, Medical Genetics, Epidemiology, Pathology, Pharmacology, and
These positions will be in the UBC Faculty of Medicine with primary
appointments in the Vancouver and Fraser Medical Program (Vancouver).
Involvement in delivery ofthe Island Medical Program (Victoria) and
Northern Medical Program (Prince George) is also possible.   Each position will
be appointed in an appropriate UBC department and will also report to the
MD Undergraduate Program regarding teaching and curriculum activities.
There will be a broad spectrum of teaching responsibilities.   Successful
applicants will provide tutor instruction for Problem Based Learning
tutorials; lab instruction where appropriate; curriculum management and
development, student evaluation and exam development; remediation; and
will participate in faculty educational development.   Primary responsibility
will be within the first two years of the MD Undergraduate Program; however
some involvement is possible in the clinical years.   Opportunities for
administrative responsibility and leadership will also be available from
July 1, 2007.   Salary will be commensurate with qualifications and
experience.  These positions are subject to final budgetary approval.
Applicants are expected to have an MD or PhD in one of the listed
disciplines, plus experience and demonstrated interest in teaching and
education.   In specialized cases (e.g. anatomy), other qualifications will be
considered.   Experience in a medical school program is an asset.
Faculty of Medicine | Deans Office
Applications, accompanied by
a letter indicating interest and
suitability for this position as
well as a detailed curriculum
vitae and names of three
references, should be directed
Dr Angela Towle
Faculty of Medicine
c/o Darcie Prosser
#317 - 2194 Health Sciences
Vancouver, BC    V6T 1Z3
ca with subject line: Instructor
MD Undergrad)
Closing date: Feb 15, 2007
The University of British Columbia has
consistently ranked among the top 50
universities in the world.  A research-
intensive university with the province's
only medical school, UBC is home to
more than 50,000 undergraduate,
graduate and international students
and has an economic impact of $4
billion to the local economy.
Faculty members, students, staff
and alumni in the Faculty of Medicine
are actively engaged in innovative,
leading edge research, education and
community service on university and
hospital campuses across the Province.
Together we aim to create knowledge
and advance learning that will make
a vital contribution to the health of
individuals and communities, locally,
nationally, and internationally.
UBC hires on the basis of merit and is committed to employment equity. We
encourage all qualified applicants to apply; however, Canadians and permanent
residents of Canada will be given priority.
/ww.ubc.ca & www.med.ubc.ca io     I     UBC    REPORTS     |    JANUARY   4,    2007
Policy #82 Relocation of Faculty Members and Senior Management Staff was
approved in February of 1980 and has not been amended since then, apart from
periodic updates to the rate schedule. Beginning over 2 years ago consultations
with stakeholders began to update the policy. Development has been carried
across 2 successive committees and the resulting proposal for a new policy has
been presented for information to the Board of Governors. The next stage is
public consultation on the policy proposal before it is submitted to the Board of
Governors for final approval.
The purpose of the proposed new policy is to facilitate the hiring or internal
transfer of outstanding faculty members and designated senior staff with travel
and relocation assistance to move their families, homes, offices, and tools of the
trade in order to establish them at UBC. This is a scope change from the current
policy, which does not include internal transfers of faculty members and which
does not deal with staff at all. The policy proposal is also intended to be more
The methods to achieving success in these stated goals are to:
• Establish a flexible relocation plan with the ability for unit administrators to
make exceptions to the caps if the relevant unit will meet the extra costs.
• Identify and inform the Designated Professionals intended to be covered.
• List the range of allowable expenses within expenditure ceilings by category
and an overall expenditure ceiling.
• Maintain a central account to fund a common level of contribution toward
relocation expenses. This provides a partial contribution based upon 2 simple
factors (number in move, location of move) without the need for the Office
of Financial Services to review the transaction details and receipts that have
already been processed by the departments. (The Office of Financial Services
may still conduct audits, however.)
• Allow UBC to use or specify the use of relocation companies.
• Only pay moving expenses not payable from grants or other sources.
Clear lists of eligible moving expenses and ineligible moving expenses are
provided that now also include most immigration expenses. The cost of moving
tools of the trade (such as, for example, laboratory equipment) is eligible for
reimbursement where appropriately authorized.
The Associate Vice-President, Human Resources is responsible for the proposed
policy but the Vice-President, Administration and Finance is responsible for
operation of the central account fund that compensates departments for moves
according to a schedule. The style of the policy puts the definitions at the end
and all numeric text that will likely need to be updated periodically has been
moved into a table in order to simplify the process of making updates. The
President has the ability to authorize the Responsible Executive to update this
numeric text, provided that the update is followed by an informational notice to
the Board of Governors.
We are now seeking advice and comments from the University community.
For the full text of the proposed Policy #82 follow the link at
Please submit feedback to the Office of the University Counsel at
All feedback should be submitted by 4:30 pm on Friday, January 26, 2007.
It is expected that, subject to feedback from this public consultation process, the
proposed new policy will be submitted to the Board of Governors with a request
for final approval at its regularly scheduled meeting in March of 2007.
Senior Associate Dean,
MD Undergraduate Education, Faculty of Medicine
Applications and nominations are invited for the administrative position of
Senior Associate Dean, MD Undergraduate Education at The University of
British Columbia (UBC). This is an exceptional opportunity to play a leadership role
in medical education and research in a dynamic and innovative Faculty of Medicine.
UBC's Faculty of Medicine is experiencing unparalleled growth in both research and
education. An international leader in distributed medical education, together
with the University of Victoria and the University of Northern British Columbia,
the Faculty is moving rapidly to double its enrolment in Medicine.
The Senior Associate Dean, MD Undergraduate Education will report to the
Senior Associate Dean, Education, and through the Dean will be accountable
to the Faculty Executive Committee, the Committee of Department Heads and
School Directors, and Faculty. The Associate Deans for Curriculum and the
Vancouver Fraser Medical Program, Student Affairs, and Admissions are
accountable to the Senior Associate Dean, MD Undergraduate Education, as
are the Associate Deans of the Island Medical Program and the Northern
Medical Program, on matters relating to the delivery ofthe undergraduate medical
This individual will provide leadership to and promote continued innovation in the
undergraduate program, and will develop strong and productive relationships
with the universities of Victoria and Northern British Columbia. Areas of
responsibility will include: the planning and communication of the evolving
expanded MD undergraduate program; developing modified and new program
components and giving guidance on implementation; ensuring coordination of
the undergraduate program with postgraduate education;  maintaining the
accreditation of the MD undergraduate program; and developing and
fostering relationships with accrediting bodies, medical associations,
educational institutions, teaching hospitals, and other stakeholders.
The successful candidate will have an MD and a documented record
of success in providing leadership in academic health education. S/he
will have a solid teaching record, a demonstrated ability to work with
colleagues in Medicine and other health-related disciplines, and
outstanding communications skills.
UBC hires on the basis of merit, and is committed to employment equity.
All qualified persons are encouraged to apply; however, Canadians and
permanent residents of Canada will be given priority. In addition to this
administrative position, a corresponding appointment with the Faculty
of Medicine will be required.
The anticipated start date for the position is July 2007, or upon a mutually
agreeable date. The deadline for applications is February 15, 2007, at which
time the Search Committee will begin consideration of candidates. Please
direct applications or nominations to the address below:
Janet Wright & Associates Inc.
174 Bedford Road, Suite 200
Toronto, Ontario M5R 2K9
Fax: 416-923-8311
Janet Wright & Associates Inc.
Senior-level recruitment for the public and not-for-profit sectors
www.j wasearch. co m UBC    REPORTS     |    JANUARY    4,    2007     |
B Segways for Disabled People
By Asst. Prof. BonitaSawatzky,
Orthopaedics UBC, Divison of
Pediatric Orthopaedics
Two physical therapists at GF
Strong Rehabilitation Centre,
Kelly Hiller and Ian Denison,
came to me two years ago
wondering how they could
study whether the Segway
Human Transporter could be
used by people with mobility
impairments. There was no
research to indicate what
physical requirements a person
needs to operate a Segway,
yet we thought it might offer
significant opportunities for
disabled persons. We received
funding from the In it for Life
fund through Vancouver Coastal
Health to determine physical and
functional predictors towards
successful operation of a Segway.
We invited participation
from anyone (aged 19-65 )
with a mobility impairment
who could walk six metres
either independently or with
assistance. We involved
people with multiple sclerosis,
Parkinson's, amputations,
arthritis, incomplete spinal cord
injuries, etc. The surprising
finding was that all these people
Asst. Prof. Bonita Sawatzky shows how a Segway allows a disabled person to stand tall while getting around.
...people don't even know he's disabled when he's riding
by on the Segway. He stands high and tall and can look
people straight in the eye instead of constantly scanning the
ground, hoping he won't trip over a small pebble.
were successful using the Segway.
People who had significant
difficulties walking were now
whizzing around on the Segway.
Our attention turned to
possibilities for more involved
disabilities. After much debate
among the researchers, one of
our subjects with no muscle
function or sensation below
the chest managed to get on a
Segway and operate it safely.
This individual has since bought
his own Segway and this is the
first year he has gone "hiking"
and camping with his family. It's
changed his life - people don't
even know he's disabled when
he's riding by on the Segway.
He stands high and tall and can
look people straight in the eye
instead of constantly scanning
the ground, hoping he won't trip
over a small pebble.
Our challenge now is
with gaining access for these
individuals to use the Segway
just like a power wheelchair
in public. Currently, there are
restrictions to using a Segway
on sidewalks and indoor
shopping centres for able-bodied
individuals. We are focusing our
attention on ways to gain access
for Segways used by disabled
people. 13
have you ever
considered owning a
home at UBC?
Co-Development can help you
get there more affordably.
To date, over 160 faculty and staff members of UBC and
other individuals working on campus have benefited from
Co-Development - a unique opportunity that provides a
more affordable means for homeownership at UBC.
Please attend one of the following information sessions:
MONDAY, JANUARY 15 6.30-8.30PM
WEDNESDAY, JANUARY 24       6.30-8.30PM
Peter Wall Institute, University Centre, 6331 Crescent Road, UBC
UBC PROPERTIES TRUST 12     |     UBC    REPORTS     |    JANUARY   4,    2007
Retiring on us takes the guesswork out of retirement. With over 300 retired faculty
members as clients, no one knows UBC pensions better.
We are experts at helping you plan your individual strategy—integrating pensions and
investments to ensure a safe and secure retirement. You've worked hard for your pension.
Now it's time for your pension to work
hard for you.
To learn more about how we take the
guesswork out of pension planning, contact
us for a free initial consultation.
Clay Gillespie, bba, cim, cfp
Vice President & Portfolio Manager
Jim Rogers, ba, mba, clu, cfp
Ensuring Financial Peace of Mind


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