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UBC Publications

UBC Reports Feb 29, 1968

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 UBC Reports
VOLUME 14, No. 1
HnfUMtnvm yi^v
DR. GLENN ROUSE, associate professor of botany and geology, holds the teeth of a prehistoric mammal called a
titanothere, which he discovered near Quesnel last summer.
The  find   is  a  "major  discovery,"  according  to   Dr.   Rouse,
because it is the first evidence that the extinct animal roamed
as far west'as B.C. Drawing held by Dr. Rouse is an artisfs
conception of the mammal. Full story on page three. Photo
by B. C. Jennings.
Senate Decision Means Earlier
Start for University This Year
University of  B.C.  students will go
back  to the   lecture   halls  one  week
earlier this year.
A proposal to shift the entire academic year forward by one week to
provide an equal number of lecture
days in each term has been approved
by UBC's Senate.
Registration will begin this year on
Sept 3, the day after Labor Day, and
lectures will start Sept 9. The last
day of lectures in 1969 in most faculties will be April 9 and exams will end
on April 30.
UBC's registrar, Mr. J. E. A. Parnall,
cited a number of reasons for the shift
in the academic year.
By Senate
New committees to define long term
objectives and establish priorities for
academic building needs have been
approved by the University of B.C.
The committee on long term objectives will be temporary and is expected to report within a year with
a statement of objectives to apply to
the next ten years.
The academic building needs committee will be a standing committee
of the Senate to recommend priorities
on new buildings, determine how the
needs for academic and non-academic
buildings are related and consider
such   matters  as  the   proper   balance
to be Set
of large and small lecture rooms and
The committee will make its recommendations in the light of proposals
drawn up by the long range objectives committee as well as recommendations from Senate's new programs and curriculum committees,
which will also be charged with assigning priorities in their areas of responsibility.
Recommendations for establishment
of the new committees were made to
Senate in a report from Ihe commit-
Please turn to back page
He said there were an increasing
number of half-term courses being
offered at UBC and provision of 64
lecture days in each term would mean
such courses could be given in either
The new system will also eliminate
some hardship among students, he
Education students will now be able
to get away for practise teaching at
the beginning of May, 1969, and many
apartment dwellers will be able to
leave at the end of April instead of
being forced to stay on an extra week
into May.
Mr. Parnall said the new University
year would also bring UBC into line
with opening days at Simon Fraser
University and Vancouver City College.
In cases where students are involved
in field camps, such as geology, forestry and certain departments of applied
science, permission to register late
without penalty will be granted by
deans, Mr. Parnall said.
The new regulations will not affect
starting dates for most professional
faculties, which begin lectures one
week earlier than most UBC faculties.
The "open Senate" question is again
under review at the University of B.C.
The issue has been a contentious one
throughout this academic year and
has been the chief focus of student
activism on the UBC campus.
The Senate, the supreme academic
body of the University, has traditionally met in private, although it has
hardly been a secret body.
Many faculty members of Senate
have routinely reported Senate's doings to their colleagues, either formally or informally, and information
on Senate decisions has been available
to all members of the University community.
Senate has become progressively
more open as the result of a series of
developments in the past year.
Last spring Senate decided, in accord with a recommendation of its
special Committee on the Role and
Organization of Senate, to allow four
students to be elected as full Senators.
The first election was held last fall,
and UBC became one of the first universities in Canada to have student
representation at the Senate level.
The four student senators had all
campaigned on a platform of "ending
Senate secrecy" and, since their election, Senate affairs have been widely
reported in both the campus and the
downtown press.
One of the student Senators' first
acts was to present a resolution urging
Senate to open its meetings to press
and public. The resolution was studied
by the Committee on the Role and
Organization of Senate, which recommended against its adoption.
The committee recommendation was
accepted, thus keeping Senate technically closed.
Senate agreed, however, again _ on
the advice of the committee, to publish its agenda in advance of meetings and subsequently to publish a
summary of its proceedings, including
arguments for and against all major
Student activists, however, continued
to campaign for a completely open
Senate. About 400 students, at an unofficial meeting, voted to "sit in" at a
Senate meeting Feb. 14. This, the activists said, would force Senate to
meet in public.
Negotiations between administration
officials and student leaders brought
about a cooling of the atmosphere.
The Alma Mater Society, the official
body representing all students on campus, then called a special meeting of
students, to which Senators were also
invited, to discuss the  issue.
The meeting was an amicable one.
After brief presentations of the pros
and cons of the open Senate question,
the audience of 48 Senators and about
90 students broke into small informal
groups to discuss this and other University problems.
The students were told that Senate
was prepared to receive a new submission from them concerning open Senate meetings. This seemed to the activists to avert the need for further action and the sit-in was called off.
On Feb. 14 a delegation of four students presented a brief to Senate.
Acting President Walter H. Gage,
chairman of the Senate, was authorized to appoint a new 10-member committee to consider the student brief,
and to report back to Senate.
It is expected that the committee
will make its recommendations to Senate on Sept. 11, the first meeting of
the 1968-69 academic year, and that
Senate will then make its final decision on the question of open meetings. WINNER of the 1967 Steacie Prize from the National Research
Council, Professor Myer Bloom, right, adjusts a piece of the
custom-made equipment in his UBC laboratory. Machine will
be used to perform complex physics experiments made pos-
sible by the prize-winning work of the team headed by Professor Bloom. At left is graduate student Eric Enga, who
designed the equipment and is a member of the UBC team.
Photo by B. C. Jennings.
Top Research Council Prize
Comes to UBC for Third Time
A University of B.C. physicist whose
experiments over the past decade have
contributed to an understanding of the
structure of matter has been awarded
one of Canada's top scientific prizes.
Dr. Myer Bloom, 39, of UBC's physics department, has been named winner of the National Research Council's 1967 Steacie Prize, which carries
a cash prize of $1,500.
This is the third time that a UBC
scientist has won the prestigious award
since it was instituted by the NRC
four years ago.
The 1965 Steacie Prize was shared by
Dr. Neil  Bartlett, former professor of
chemistry at UBC, with University of
Toronto chemist John Polanyi. Dr.
Bartlett received the award for his discovery that the so-called inert, or
"noble" gases, could unite to form
The 1966 Steacie Prize was awarded
to Dr. Gordon Dixon of the UBC biochemistry department for his contribution to the synthesis of insulin.
The prize is named for Dr. E. W. R.
Steacie, the late president of NRC. It
is awarded annually by the trustees
of the fund for outstanding work done
in the natural sciences by younger
Bequest  Buys Organ
For Music  Building
The University of B.C. has received
an anonymous gift of $100,000 to purchase an organ for the concert hall of
its new music building.
This is one of five gifts and bequests
totalling $170,482.08 accepted by UBC's
Board of Governors at its January
Dr. G. Welton Marquis, head of
UBC's music department, said the new
three-manual organ would be a notable
addition to the resources of his department.
He said it would provide" an opportunity for the public to hear large-
scale sacred music and other organ
works seldom performed in Vancouver.
Provision has already been made
for installation of the organ in the
concert hall of the new music building in the Norman MacKenzie Centre
for Fine Arts. No exten.sive structural
alterations will be necessary for its
installation,  Dr.  Marquis  said.
Other gifts and bequests accepted
by the  Board are:
• A pledge of $50,000 from Mrs.
Sidney Hogg, of 1484 Acadia Road,
Vancouver, for research in arteriosclerosis in the UBC faculty of medicine.
The $50,000  pledge will be  paid  in
five equal instalments and will be used
for research for which government
grants are not presently available.
• A bequest of $8,064 from the estate of the late Angus McLeod, formerly of Vancouver, to establish the
"Kingsley Brotherton McLeod Endowment," in memory of Mr. McLeod's
late son. The funds will be used in
the faculty of medicine for research
in diabetes.
• A bequest of $4,418.08 from the
estate of the late Miss Emily Alice
Miller, formerly of White Rock, B.C.,
which will be used for asthma research
in the faculty of medicine.
• Under the will of the late Charles
Carroll Colby Aikins, who died in Vancouver in February, 1987, UBC receives
all Mr. Aikins' books "pertaining to
the Orient or to Oriental religion and
philosophy," numbering about 200 volumes, plus $8,000 for the purchase of
books relating to the philosophy and
religion of Buddhism.
The Board also approved a recommendation that a $100,000 bequest received in 1967 from the estate of the
late Hugo E. Meilicke, of Vancouver,
be used to provide an endowment for
In announcing the award, the NRC
said Dr. Bloom had made a number
of "significant contributions to both
experimental and theoretical aspects
of nuclear magnetic resonance," a tool
for investigating the properties of
molecular systems.
Dr. Bloom's work has been concerned with changes in the states of molecular rotation due to collisions between molecules.
By measuring the rate at which
molecules change their axes of rotation, valuable information about the
basic structure of matter is revealed.
These studies have been going on in
Dr. Bloom's laboratory at UBC since
More recently, Dr. Bloom initiated
a new project in the field of atomic
beams in collaboration with graduate
student Eric Enga and NRC research
worker Hin Lew, a UBC graduate.
They performed for the first time an
experiment which demonstrated that
the spins of atoms subjected to a
rotating magnetic field are forced to
align themselves along the direction
of the rotating magnetic field.
The result of this was the amendment of a classic experiment, performed in the early 1920's by two
German physicists, Otto Stern and
W. Gerlach, which revealed a fundamental property of matter, known in
physics as the quantization of angular
momentum or spin.
Dr. Bloom's experiment now makes
it possible to carry out further studies
on charged systems, which were previously thought to be impossible.
These experiments are now being
attempted by Mr. Enga in the UBC
physics department in collaboration
with  Prof. Bloom.
Prof. Bloom, a native of Montreal,
is a graduate of McGill University,
where he received both his bachelor
and master of science degrees, and
the University of Illinois, where he
received his doctorate  in   1954.
He joined the UBC faculty in 1957
and was promoted to full professor in
1963. He has received two notable
awards in the past — an Alfred P.
Sloan Foundation Fellowship in 1961
and a John Simon Guggenheim Fellowship in 1964.
The University of B.C.'s Board of
Governors has approved a capital
spending budget of $6,266,665 for 1968-
69, the final year of its current five-
year building program.
Chief source of funds for the 1968-69
capital budget will be a $4,000,000
grant from the provincial government.
Other sources are the Three Universities Capital Fund — $1,744,086;
the federal government's Health Resources Fund — $1,440,155, and the
Kinsmen Clubs of B.C., which will
give $61,260 for new neurological research facilities.
From its total capital resources of
$7,245,501, UBC will repay a $987,836
bank loan, leaving $6,266,665 available
for new and continuing projects.
The largest single amount in the
1968-69 budget — $2,765,353 — will
provide for new construction, including a new civil engineering structural
laboratory, computing centre installations and alterations, addition of a
boiler in the UBC power house and
construction of a new incinerator for
biological waste in the new south campus area.
A total of $1,836,694 has been approved for continuation and completion of construction in progress and
for payment of commitments on projects already complete.
These include the metallurgy building, stage two of the Health Sciences
Centre for neurological research, the
dentistry building and expansion of
the basic medical sciences buildings,
the H. R. MacMillan building (forestry-agriculture), and the music
Other items in the capital budget
relate to the progressive development
of south campus field research areas,
installation of roads and parking
areas and to grounds development and
services associated with new buildings.
UBC's five-year building program,
which will total $32,676,194 at the conclusion of the next fiscal year, was
financed chiefly by the provincial government and the Three Universities
Capital Fund, through contributions
from industry, alumni, faculty, students and the general  public.
Provincial government grants totalled $18,008,000. The Three Universities Fund contributed $8,039,220, and
the UBC  Development Fund $883,554.
Other funds came from the federal
government's Health Resources Fund
— $4,228,937 — and the Canada Council — $1,074,503.
The five-year building program saw
the following major facilities constructed on the campus: the Henry
Angus building for the faculty of commerce and the social sciences, the
John Barfoot Macdonald building
(Dental Health Sciences) and additions to the basic medical sciences
buildings, the H. R. MacMillan building for agriculture and forestry, department of music building and the
Thunderbird Stadium.
UBC Boosts Aid
To United Appeal
UBC's faculty, students and union
and employed staff contributed
$29,057.38 to the 1967 Greater Vancouver United Appeal — an increase of
$3,891.66 over 1966.
The bulk of the contributions —
$25,643 — came from faculty members.
Union and employed staff gave $2,070,
and students $1,344.38.
Student contributions to the annual
appeal are made during a one-day
campus blitz carried out by the Commerce Undergraduate Society.
Mr. C. A. Specht, general campaign
chairman of the United Apeal, said
the UBC contributions "will help
many thousands of people in 1968 and
will help provide many services which
are vital to the well-being of Greater
VOLUME 14, No. 1
New Hlousiing Plain* Will
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>dibe«'tc<;0(imrii lli'jar 1 ^93flli>^P<<" Museum Without Walls' Displays Priceless UBC Indian  Collection
"A museum without walls" is how Mrs. Audrey Hawthorn,
curator of UBC's museum of anthropology, describes her
book, "Art of the Kwakiutl Indians and Other Northwest Coast
Published in December, 1967, by UBC and the University
of Washington Press, the beautifully illustrated volume draws
upon a treasure of B.C. Indian art which lies in a basement
storage room of UBC's  Library.
The limitations of space in the tiny, adjacent museum atlow
only one tenth of the collections of tribal and Oriental art to
be displayed at any one time.
Through her book, which contains more than a thousand
pictures, including 32 colour plates, Mrs. Hawthorn has made
accessible a wide array of richly carved and painted masks,
headdresses, totem poles, wooden dishes, boxes, rattles and
other objects created by the imaginative and skillful Indians.
The basis of Audrey Hawthorn's book and the pride of the
museum is one of the world's finest and most complete collections of the art of the Kwakiutl, one of the seven major tribes
inhabiting the Northwest coast.
A wide range of examples of Kwakiutl art is illustrated to
display varying degrees of craftmanship. For comparison, articles made by the Haida, Tsimshian, Bella Coola and other
tribes are also included.
Mrs. Hawthorn relates each illustrated object to its place
in the ceremonial life of the Kwakiutl. The complex theatre-
dance performances of the winter season, with their elaborate
props, carefully planned staging and weird supernatural effects,
are vividly described, as are the great potlatch feasts where
lavish gifts were given.
Apart from being a mine of material for anthropologists,
art historians, designers and students of theatre and dance,
the book is a witness to the growth of the museum which
began in 1947 when Mrs. Hawthorn's husband, Professor Harry
B. Hawthorn, became the first anthropologist appointed to the
UBC faculty.
Prior to 1947, UBC had received several gifts of tribal art,
notably the Frank Burnett Collection of Indian and Oceanic
art in 1927. On Professor Hawthorn's appointment, UBC president Dr. Norman MacKenzie suggested he look over the carefully stored pieces to see if a teaching museum was feasible.
Mrs. Hawthorn, an anthropologist who had specialized in
primitive  art at Columbia,  where she  received   bachelor and
master of arts degrees, and at Yale, was soon at work organizing the museum.
With the aid of generous grants from Dr. H. R. MacMillan,
Dr. Walter C. Koerner, the Leon and Thea Koerner Foundation
and others, several purchases were made from pioneer missionaries who had spent their lives amassing outstanding
Indian collections.
In addition, many fine gifts were given by families and
"Long before 1947 most of the tribes had discontinued their
traditional ceremonial life and art," said Mrs. Hawthorn, "But
the Kwakiutl, due to the very vigour and richness of their
ceremonies and to their isolation in the northern region of
Vancouver Island and the nearby mainland, had continued
their old ways.
"The Kwakiutl had even continued potlatches despite a law
which banned them from 1921 until 1951.
"UBC's collection emphasizes the Kwakiutl because their
art was still flourishing when the Museum began purchasing."
The years after World War II brought social change even
to the Kwakiutl and many families began to abandon the traditional ceremonial life.
A turning point in the museum's development came in 1950
when Mungo Martin, a Kwakiutl chief, came to restore some
totem poles in the University collection. He was captivated by
the concept of a museum as a place to preserve and interpret
the material culture of the Northwest Coast tribes and was
instrumental in directing to the museum many of the Kwakiutl
people who had no wish to retain the objects used in their
tribal existence.
As soon as it became known that the museum was purchasing Indian art many Kwakiutl coming to Vancouver visited
Mrs. Hawthorn and gave assistance in identifying the various
objects and their uses.
"We had tea and coffee in the workrooms and on many
afternoons an old couple would come in, watch the work going
on, see the things still in the storeroom shelves and reminisce
over tea of days gone by. I was the middleman between the
Indians and the University and it is the personal relationships
with these people that I have enjoyed and valued most," said
Mrs. Hawthorn.
The supply of Kwakiutl art began to dwindle and by 1965
the flow of materials to the museum had decreased greatly.
Primitive art had also become enormously popular with private
collectors and prices on the international market soared.
"Fortunately, UBC had acquired tjnougfi representative
pieces before prices rose," said Mrs. Hawthorn.
There is a world-wide interest in the art of the Northwest
Coast Indians and most of the major museums in Europe, as
well as in North America, have essential examples of their art.
Early examples exist in Spain and. in England where the
British Museum has a number of objects carried off by Captain
Cook in 1778. Recently a well-illustrated book was published
by the Leningrad Museum which also houses an excellent early
"Since wooden objects do not survive in the moist atmosphere of the Northwest coast for long, it is ,the existence in
museums abroad of these early examples that makes it possible
to analyse the stylistic and other features of the various pieces
as to period, region and function."
Mrs. Hawthorn is concerned that so lt*.tle--of the Northwest
coast Indian art is now being produced an'd would like to see
more encouragement given to these fine crafts in the way that
Eskimo art is fostered.
"The U.S. program of reteaching the old crafts to such
peoples as the Navajos is remarkably, successful and could
work very well here. For instance, the Haida hats are
beautiful, light, comfortable to wear, and rain proof. They
require painstaking work and would be expensive to produce,
but I think they would be marketable."
The museum functions primarily as a teaching and research
centre for anthropology and sociology j'jui'ents. A museum
study group of senior and graduate students meets with Mrs.
Hawthorn and under her supervision new exhibitions are arranged every few months. She also gives a course on primitive
The present cramped facilities pose :;~ny problems for
the Curator, chiefly lack of humidity ccntrol, inadequate lighting, and dust. "It's a continual battle to look after fragile
pieces on these dusty shelves," she said.
Essential fumigating and restorative work cannot be done
in the museum and must be sent out.
Plans have been prepared for a new museum in the Norman
MacKenzie Centre for Fine Arts wh*>re-ifc is- hoped UBC's
magnificent collections can eventually be fully displayed for
scholars, artists and the public.
MRS. AUDREY Hawthorn, curator of UBC's museum of anthropology, holds a valuable Indian
mask, one of a large number of Indian artifacts
which remain undisplayed because of cramped
conditions in the museum's basement quarters in
the Library. Hundreds of undisplayed items have
been used to illustrate Mrs. Hawthorn's recently-
published book "Art of the Kwakiutl Indians,"
held by assistant curator Eric Waterton, a graduate student who served as  a  research assistant
in preparation of material for the book. They
stand before a wall on which are displayed a few
of the valuable collection of Kwakiutl Indian
dance masks which make up part of the museum's
collection.   Photo by B. C. Jennings.
EVEN STORAGE SPACE is short in the museum of anthropology in the basement of UBC's Library. Here the museum's
curator, Mrs. Audrey Hawthorn, hefts a valuable Indian dance
mask and looks for a place to store it on dusty, back room
shelves already overcrowded with valuable Indian artifacts.
Photo by B. C. Jennings.
Study Space in Library First Concern of Students
(A newly-established Student Library Committee
carried out a survey late last year designed to find out
the opinions of UBC students about the Library.
More than a quarter of the student body completed a
questionnaire which dealt with the services and collections of the Library. "That the sample is so large,"
said Librarian Basil Stuart-Stubbs in his annual report
to the Senate, "must lend particular authority to the
replies which were received." What J-dhtes jire excerpts from the Librarian's report to the Senate that
deal with the survey results.)
When the students were asked if the book collection served them adequately, 56% replierf-ifflrmative-
ly, 37% replied negatively and 7% did rot reply to
the question. Replies were also tabulated by" faculty
and department, and it was discovered that only
students in the School of Librarianship and the
Faculties of Medicine and Law replied affirmatively
in over 80% of the cases. Affirmative responses from
other faculties and departments clustered 'around
the 50% mark.
It must be assumed that for nearly half the
students the Library's book collection is not good
Many students added comments to their questionnaires, and these gave added weight to the-numerical
results. Said one: "The Library is doing a good job
but it will never have enough books." Said another:
"Who can ever find a book in a" library that is
short on books?" And there was one wistful comment
on the difficulty of obtaining the books we have: "All
my books are on the empty  shelves."
In another question the students were f.sked to
comment on the adequacy of the collection of periodical literature. Here the results were somewhat more
encouraging. Twenty-one percent of the students did
not reply, 59% replied affirmatively, but only 19%
were able to reply with a decided no.
Students in Medicine, Dentistry, Law ind Librarianship were the most satisfied with thf1 journal collection, replying affirmatively in over 50% x>f the
cases. Among the least satisfied were students in
Architecture, Social Work and the Faculty of Graduate Studies.
All of the foregoing only serves to underline the
importance of the continuance of the rate of"growth
established in the past two years. That the Library
has doubled the size of its collection in only six
years is remarkable. That in the_ past two years
its size has increased by over one-ttrird is evMfV"rnore
remarkable. Yet remarkable growth ¥s m itself no
cause for comfort if the end product still fails to
serve the needs of the users.
The requirement of access is one which is of
great concern to students, to judge from the comments made on the survey questionnaires. The material which they seek may be listed in the catalogue
of the collection. The availability of the material at
the precise point in time when it is required by a
specific individual is very much in question.
This is not surprising to one familiar with the
hi.story of the Library and the University. It is a fact
that in the years of leaner budgets emphasis in
purchasing was placed on the acquisition of individual titles as opposed to additional copies. It is
also true that this policy was adhered to white
the University registered dramatic increases in
Accompanying' the increased enrollment was a
heavier reliance by the faculty and students upon the
Library as a means of instruction. To testify to this
we have the statistical evidence that while enrollment
has increased 17.3% since 1962, recorded use of
library materials has increased by 79.4% in the
same   period.
The inevitable result of these circumstances is
increasing dissatisfaction on the part of students
who do not gain access to their required and recommended readings and on the part of faculty members who also find that the materials they seek
are already out on loan.
At present the ratio of study seats to students
and faculty is about 16%, if one stretches the seating
figure by including every known seat in every library
and reading room on campus. The recommended
standard at a university of this .size and type is not
less than 25% and up to 35%. We are presently about
2,500 seats short of the number we require for the
reasonable convenience of our students.
The Student Survey bears out this contention.
Students were asked to rank in priority the questions which affected them most seriously. The first
concern of  students:  study space.
The students were also asked if they encountered
difficulty in finding study space when they needed
it. Fifty-five percent of the students replied that
they did encounter difficulty. Other tabulations revealed that this problem was gravest for those
Students in Arts, Commerce and Science using the
Sedgewick Undergraduate  Library.
How long do students stay in the Library? It
was discovered that 49% of the students stay from
one to three hours every day, and that 31% Stay
more than three hours every day. In other words,
80% of the students hope to find a place to study
in the  Library for at  least an hour every day.
It has been shown that this is no easy task.
Comments   on   the   questionnaires  were   numerous,
but one student went directly to the heart of the
matter: "17,000 plus people cannot sit in 2,800 plus
desks. Solution A: More desks. Solution B: Less
The use of the phrase "study space" carries with
it the implication that the students merely need a
place to sit down to consult their notes and textbooks. While this may be true for some students,
observation reveals that students occupying seats
in the Library are regular visitors to the book
stacks, to the reference divisions and to the copying
service. It is the combination of facilities available
that draws the student to the Library, not just the
desk and chair.
The extent of the real demand for a change in
Library hours was made clear by the Student
Survey. In comparison with other aspects of the
Library, hours of opening ranked sixth in the minds
of the students. Nevertheless, 16% of the students
said they were inconvenienced by weekday hours
and 23% by weekend hours.
Written comments on the questionnaires were
helpful in defining the times most critical to students,
and on the basis of this information and given an
increase in the Library budget for staff, hours of
opening have been further extended, commencing
with the past summer term. K is probable that the
Library now has the longest opening hours of any
large academic  library in Canada.
Upper year and graduate students completing
Student Survey questionnaires commented frequently
and bitterly about the difficulties of finding seats
in the stacks, and about the noise created by the
additional numbers of students. Many recommended
that first and second year students be banned from
the stacks, and that all seats be assigned and timetabled for maximum occupancy.
Yet no student suggested where the first and
second year students might go to do their work.
The fact is simply this, and it has been stated
before: there are not enough seats for everyone.
It can be predicted that intense competition for
seating space will exist until this real need is filled.
The Student Survey posed three questions concerning reserve books. Students were asked if they
often used reserve books. Forty-eight percent said
they did, 49% said they did not, and 3% did not
reply to the question.
They were then asked if the reserve books were
usually available when they needed them. Twenty-
eight percent said they were, 34% said they were
not, and the remaining 38% who did not reply presumably were those who did not use reserve books
Finally they were asked if they thought that
faculty  members   should  request that  more  of the
frequently used course books be placed on reserve.
Fifty-nine percent answered affirmatively, 27% answered negatively, and 14% did not reply. One
hundred and ninety-nine students added thoughtful
comments concerning this subject to the questionnaire.
Many observed that the reserve system would be
unnecessary if funds were available to purchase
sufficient copies of books in demand. Others observed that some faculty members had requested
that too many books be placed on reserve, others
too few. The difficulty of reading long books on
short loans was frequently mentioned.
A little over four years ago the Library installed
its first efficient copying machine. At the time, there
was some concern that the expense of the installation would not be warranted by use. Today there
are almost a dozen machines working in association
with libraries around the campus, and last year
more than 532,000 copies were made.
The Student Survey inquired whether students
thought that the Library had an adequate number
of machines, and 78% believed that the Library
did have. When it came to hours of operation, 71%
believed that these too were adequate. But despite
this relatively favourable comment, lineups of people
and backlogs of work attested to the increasing
demand for faster and better copying machines.
To librarians everywhere working in an era of
mass education it now seems unthinkable that libraries can meet their responsibilities without the modern
copying  machine.
The past year witnessed the creation of a new
Student Library Committee, which was set up as the
result of discussions between the President of the
Alma Mater Society and the University Librarian.
Although no terms of reference were defined, it was
hoped that this Committee would act as the official
voice of the student body in respect to library matters, and that it would both express the needs of the
students to the Library and assist in interpreting
the Library to the students.
The first year of activity more than justified the
existence of the Committee. The programme of the
Library was thoroughly discussed. Some of the subjects covered were student orientation, the seating
shortage, noise, theft, student discipline, loan regulations, fines,  and  stack  access.
Unquestionably the major contribution of this
Committee was the drafting and distribution of the
questionnaire relating to the services of the Library.
The results, analyzed and tabulated by the Computing Centre, gave the Library its first reliable
indication of student opinion. Recommendations growing out of this survey are already being implemented. IPHD:cnX<WBM:1-trv'i3MHiilJolJ in JLI:»::i< Hints Miiii'tiiilmv raniiinobt
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MaiJLiflis: rw, ii»3i. n
New President Plans to Stump the Province
(Dr. F. Kenneth Hare, who takes office as president of UBC June 1, visited Vancouver late in January to address a banquet sponsored by the Commerce
Undergraduate Society and to attend the opening of
the B.C. Legislature in Victoria. What follows are
excerpts from a news conference Dr. Hare gave
during his visit.)
QUESTION: Is there anything that you have decided you'd like to make number one priority as soon
as you do take office?
KENNETH HARE: Well, I think the first thing
the president has to do is to get to know the people
he is dealing with. This is just plain common sense.
I would suggest my first three months should be spent
talking to people. I shall simply talk and listen.
That's priority one.
QUESTION: Do you feel there is any new direction this University should embark on?
KENNETH HARE: Well, on a purely personal and
private basis I am of course, a scientist in my own
right, and I should like to explore with the people
on the Campus who teach in my own field, the
possibility that they will  let me do some teaching.
We have, at this University, a first class Institute
of Oceanography which does work in this field. I'm
certainly going to be interested in that, and of course,
and I want to get to know my geographer colleagues.
But if you mean have I got a major project in
hand to add to the University's burdens, I would
say no, because the University has got quite a lot of
burdens of its own right now. I should have said that
the important thing was to try to get to grips with
the quite appalling financial problems that the University faces.
QUESTION: How big a financial problem do you
think it is?
KENNETH HARE: I think it is a very big one
indeed. The University has an enormous flood of
students and it has had what I think is a correct
policy of admitting as large a number of the applicants as it can. It's in the 20,000-student range now.
Its resources are not being added to fast enough
to cope with this rate of increase.
This is easily the number one problem the University faces. It's not special to me; everybody here
at UBC knows it.
QUESTION: Have you any plan of attack for improving the financial situation?
KENNETH HARE: I don't like that word "attack."
I think it's important that the people of British Columbia should realize that the number of people
banging at the door of all the universities, not just
this one, will continue to increase, and that financial
provision simply has to be made for them.
This University is over-stretched at the present
time according to my reading of its finances and its
resources, and when you over-stretch a university,
all sorts of things happen. The classes get too big,
the student morale sinks, and so does the professors'
morale. The President is not supposed to have any
morale but his sinks too, and quite obviously we are,
at the present moment, badly over-stretched.
QUESTION: Do you think enrolment will have to
be  permanently limited from  now on?
KENNETH HARE: I would hate to say that. I
think the proper policy should be that provincial
universities should be able to cope with the demand
as it comes.
QUESTION: Do you feel there's an optimum number for a single university? Would you like to see it
levelled off at 20,000 or 25,000? Is there a point
beyond which it cannot be effective?
KENNETH HARE: About five years ago people
were saying that 10,000 was an optimum size: before
very long they will be saying 30,000.
The plain fact is that there isn't any optimum
size for a university. What you have to say is that
at the point where the resources of a university make
the teacher remote from the student and where the
student finds himself standing in queues to get his
education, then you are over-stretched and the university is too big.
QUESTION: Sir, you mentioned that people have
to realize that more money is needed. In this particular case it means the provincial government Are
you going to be working on the provincial government to try and get more money? The political oppositionists and some educators say that the provincial government is not recognizing the importance
of the role of higher education, and is not giving
enough money to it.
KENNETH HARE: I don't think I am going to
join in that criticism. The three provincial universities in this province are very fine places, but I do
think that the provincial government, any government in fact, is swayed by public opinion, and I don't
think that the people of this province, or indeed of
any province in Canada, except perhaps in Ontario,
have yet faced up to the cost of educating the children that they, themselves, produce.
It is, in fact, true to say the per capita expenditure on students in Canada is a good deal lower than
it is in the advanced states; it's lower than it is in
Great Britain which is in a shocking financial
The provincial government will, I think, faithfully
mirror the collective opinion of the society that elects
it, so I don't blame the provincial government. If
we're short of money, I blame the lack of apprecia
tion, not only in British Columbia, but across the
whole country, of the inevitable high cost of university education.
QUESTION: Sir, you say the people must realize
the need for more money for education. Do you
apply this federally as well? Do you think the federal
government should become more involved in higher
KENNETH HARE: I don't believe the federal
government should have pulled out of financing
higher education because every Canadian university
is, in part, a national institution.
It's perfectly true that the British North America
Act and present-day constitutional thinking puts the
onus on the provinces,' but I think as an educator
and not as a constitutional lawyer, and I know perfectly well that this university, like every other, has
an obligation to the whole country as well as to its
local constituency.
This is particularly true in research, and in this
respect of course the federal government has kept its
stake in. The National Research Council is still in
being and the Science Council of Canada is still
active, as is the Canada Council in keeping the federal stake going, but I think that the financing and
general effort in universities overlooks the fact that
research and advance studies are an integral part, an
essential   part, of the  university's  job.
So I was very critical when I heard that the federal government had done this, and I remain critical.
I think it was a disaster for the universities of this
QUESTION: Sir, you say that the message that
there must be more money for higher education has
got to be driven home to the electorate rather than
stopping at the government. In the last few years
there have been a ojuple of efforts made here,
largely student-sponsored and student-organized, to
take the message out and around the province. Do
you plan to support this sort of movement using the
students themselves as the messengers?
KENNETH HARE: Well, I'd be very glad to get
some help from the students, and this university
is, I think, justly proud of what its students have
done for it I would say straight away that I shall
fail in this job if I don't get the support of the
I should say that I would like to get to know this
province a great deal better than I do, and I'm certainly not going to leave it to the students only to
get the message across that the universities have
got to have more resources. I intend to stump the
province myself. If there is a Canadian Club or a
Rotary Club, or a service club in the province that
I have not addressed five years from now, you can
say  I have not done my job.
QUESTION: Is this, possibly, then one of the
problems with the electorate — that the university
is thought of as being a Vancouver university and
not a University of British Columbia — that there
are problems of getting here and the amount of
money that it costs a student from the interior to
study at UBC?
KENNETH HARE: Well, I suppose this is a danger, but you have to put a universitv somewhere in
the province, and it's inevitable that it will be somewhere near the centre of gravity of the population.
But I think it is important to get across to the
whole province, right up in the Peace River country
and right up the coast, that the universities of the
province are clearly a  resource of the whole  prov
ince and that a young chap who is just reaching 16
or 17 in the farthest corner of the province has as
much claim on the space in this university and any
other provincial universitv as anyone else. You can
only do that by just travelling up and down and
talking to them.
One of the things I should like to do is to keep
talking to Mr. Peterson, the Minister of Education,
and of course the Prime Minister, if he'll receive
me, and try and persuade them that this is a good
cause to support. I may say that my first contacts
with both the Prime Minister and the Minister of
Education were very cordial.
QUESTION: Do vou think that British Columbia
should look towards Ontario and take some ideas
from there?
KENNETH HARE: Well, I certainly say that I
shan't be satisfied until the resources available to
the universities in this province are at least equal
to those available in Ontario. This is a rich province
and I think that its university system should be at
least as good as that of Ontario. This means a very
considerable accession of funds to the university
QUESTION: Coming back to the students, do you
think there should be a couple of students on the
Board of Governors?
KENNETH HARE: Well, when I was asked that
question before, one of the reporters wrote that I
hedged on the question, and I'm going to go on
You see, I don't think I can answer that question
without saying first that I believe that the function
of a Board of Governors is misunderstood, and that
most of the things that the Board of Governors is
thought of doing, in fact, either are — or should be
— done by the University Senate. So, I shall have
to expound at some length on my own theories of
university government before I can answer that
question sensibly.
It's easy enough for me to express opinions about
this, but in fact the only way in which the change can
be brought about would be an amendment to the
Act which would involve persuading the provincial
government that this was a sound policy.
QUESTION: Sir, would you comment on the
rights and/or responsibilities of a group of students
who wish to protest something on campus, whether it
be a closed Senate meeting or a picket line outside
a company such as Dow Chemical?
KENNETH HARE: I think the right to demonstrate is a right that everv adult citizen of a country
possesses. I don't like force. I think it becomes force
when you try to intimidate. I think there is a big
distinction between demonstrations which are designed to persuade and to urge a course of action,
and demonstrations that are designed to intimidate.
I'm opposed to the latter, not only on a university
campus, but anywhere else. A democratic society is
a peaceful society, I think it should be kept peaceful.
QUESTION: Do you agree with some members
of the older generation who say too much attention
is paid to student protests and student bodies?
KENNETH HARE: I certainly don't think that I
agree with that. I think that the university community contains the students as full members. Student
opinion must be listened to. The difficulty is to hear
it, because in fact most students are obstinately uninterested in the affairs of the university.
They don't vote in university elections, they keep
their mouths tightly shut whenever an issue comes
up, thev come to the campus to go to their lectures
and then they go home afterwards.
QUESTION: Do you think that students today
are mollycoddled by universities, by the professors
and  by the Senate?
KENNETH HARE: No, I do not think so. The
typical Canadian student is a good fellow who comes
to the university, he does his job, he does not in
fact demand to be mollycoddled and he does not
get   mollycoddled.
It is still true to say that the vast majority of
the students do their job reasonably, and certainly
they get what they expect to get out of the university.   Some don't and there lies the trouble.
I'd like to use my experience in the British universities as an illustration of contrast. The British
universities are restricted in entry. You have, somehow, to get a  place on a very narrow deck.
Now, here in Canada, what we can try to do is
to leave the door open to everybody above a certain
minimum threshold, and I think this is the better way
of going  about it.
But if you do it this way you do let in a few
people who are not motivated. They have the capacity, but not the inclination for university education,
and you notice that in every class, every big class,
there will be a few people who will sit at the back of
the room and don't pay too much attention, and who,
if they are intelligent, pass their examinations somewhere down at the bottom of the C's, but who really
aren't there in the sense that the good student is
This is, I think, inevitable in a big, popular university system like the Canadian university system
which keeps its doors wide open. I want to make it
clear that this is a hazard I, for one, accept. I
would sooner take this risk and have some pretty
thinly motivated people in the room than keep excellent students out by accident. That's what happens
in Britain. New  Department  Head
Foresees  Expansion
A five-fold expansion of work in
anthropology and sociology, including
construction of a new campus museum, is among objectives of Dr. Cyril
New foreign language regulations
for students in the faculty of arts at
UBC have been approved.
The effect of the new regulations is
to eliminate the foreign language requirement at UBC for students who
take a second language up to grade
12 level in high school and to require
additional language study at UBC for
those who enter with grade 11 standing or less.
In some arts departments, however,
it is expected that students will still
be required to continue University
study in a language other than
The present requirement that all
students must take two years of a
foreign language at UBC has been revised to read that all students must
offer, as a requirement for graduation,
courses in one foreign language to the
grade 12 level or its equivalent at
UBC, that is, two years.
The new regulations were approved
by the UBC Senate on the recommendation of the faculty of arts, which
struck a seven-man committee to consider the question.
Other major regulations approved
• Students entering with grade 11
standing will be required to take an
additional three units of the same
language or six units of a different
language in first and second years.
• Students entering with less than
grade 11 language will be required to
take six units of one language in their
first or first and second years.
• No student will be granted third
year standing until the language requirement has  been satisfied.
The report also recommended the
faculty consider six-unit intensive
courses at the first year level in the
Romance languages, German, Latin
and Greek for students who want to
satisfy the requirement in a single
The arts faculty will also incorporate into its Calendar a strong statement encouraging arts students to increase their attention to foreign
tee on the role and organization of
Referring to long range objectives,
the report pointed out that Senate
does not have* any explicitly stated
philosophy of objectives for UBC.
In addition, the report said, while
Senate has approved establishment of
new programs it has not yet attempted
to arrange its recommendations in order of priority.
"The Senate also has not attempted
any systematic way to recommend to
the Board of Governors an order of
priorities on new buildings," the report said.
"There is a growing conviction
among increasing numbers of faculty
members that the Senate should have
a more constructive role in these matters," the report continues.
The long range objectives commit-
_ tee would be disbanded after its initial report and an annual review of
the extent to which objectives are being  achieved   is   recommended.
The report also favours a new committee on long range objectives every
three to five years so that goals can
be re-assessed in the light of current
and expected future conditions.
The Senate will elect three of its
own members to the committees and
UBC's president will appoint an equal
number. The report also recommends
that a member of UBC's Board of
Governors sit on each committee.
S. Belshaw, the new head of the University of B.C. department
In addition to a new museum to
house UBC's valuable collection of
B.C. Indian and other artifacts, Dr.
Belshaw said the department's aims
• Expansion of studies of North
American  Indian and Asian cultures;
• Establishment of a population
and social survey reference unit to
serve all B.C.'s higher education facilities and provide the background
for studies of Canadian society;
• Initiation of studies, in association with a future department of linguistics, to show how social and cultural factors inter-relate with linguistic behaviour, and
• Expansion of archaeological
studies in the Pacific northwest in
connection with   Indian culture.
Dr. Belshaw's appointment as head
of UBC's combined department of anthropology and sociology was approved by the Board of Governors on
Feb. 21.
He succeeds Professor Harry B.
Hawthorn, one of Canada's best-known
anthropologists, who said that he had
fulfilled an undertaking of 21 years
ago to build a strong and mature department at UBC.
Prof. Hawthorn plans to remain at
UBC to continue research and teaching duties and to "play a full part
in the affairs of the University, the
faculty and the department."
This year the department is staffed
by 27 full time teachers, and has
registered 60 graduate students for advanced degrees, including 12 doctoral
Three members of the department
— Dr. Charles Borden, Prof. Belshaw
and Prof. Hawthorn—have been recipients of Guggenheim Foundation fellowships, one of the most prestigious
of academic awards, and faculty members have or are presently carrying
out studies in such widely-scattered
locations as New Guinea, India, Korea,
Cambodia, Thailand, and Ceylon as
well as in Canada.
Prof. Belshaw, who has been a member of the UBC faculty since 1953, is
chiefly noted for his research and
writing in the fields of economic anthropology, the anthropology and sociology of development, including administrative implications, and university affairs.
He was born in New Zealand and
educated at Auckland University College and Victoria College, where he
received the master of arts degree
with first class honours in economics
in 1945.
He did additional graduate work at
the London School of Economics,
where he was awarded his doctorate
in social anthropology in 1949.
Before coming to UBC he was a research fellow at the Australian National University from 1949 to 1953.
He has carried out anthropological
field work in New Guinea, Fiji, and
British Columbia.
He has been closely associated with
United Nations agencies, as director
of the former regional training centre
located at UBC, as a consultant to the
UN Bureau of Social Affairs, as a
member of a three-man team which
analysed technical assistance programs operating in Thailand, and as a
fellow of the UN Research Institute
for Social Development in Geneva.
Professor Hawthorn, who has chaired government enquiries on the B.C.
Doukhobors (1950-52) and Canadian
Indians (1963-67), joined the UBC
faculty in 1947 to administer the
anthropology section of the faculty of
arts. In 1956 he was named head of
the joint department of anthropology
and sociology.
Will Double    AkAe.      ^
Graduates       A.MS to G*f
Fine Arts
Head Will
Stay at UBC
Professor B. C. Binning, one of Canada's best known painters, has resigned as head of the department of
fine arts at the University of B.C.
Prof. Binning, who was appointed
the first head of the fine arts department in 1955, plans to continue full
teaching duties as a member of the
UBC faculty.
He said his decision to resign stemmed from the fact that in recent
years he had not been able to devote
as much time to teaching and painting
as he wished.
Prof. Binning first joined the UBC
faculty in 1949 as an associate professor in the school of architecture.
Prior to that he had been an instructor at the Vancouver School of Art
for 14 years.
His paintings are in the permanent
collections of the National Gallery
in Ottawa, the Toronto Art Gallery
and the Vancouver Art Gallery and
he has exhibited in a large number of
international exhibitions in South
America, the United States and
Dr. R. D. Russell, the new head of
the department of geophysics at the
University of B.C., hopes to double the
number of graduating students from
his department in the next few years.
Dr. Russell, whose appointment as
head of geophysics was approved by
UBC's Board of Governors in January,
said UBC already has the largest
undergraduate program in this area in
Canada, graduating ten to 12 students
per year.
"There is an ever-increasing demand for specialists in this area by
'companies in the fields of mining,
metallurgy and oil exploration," he
"To help supply the needs of Canadian industry one of our primary objectives'will be to double our output
of trained geophysicists in the next
few years."
Dr. Russell, who was first appointed
to the UBC faculty in 1958, succeeds
Dr. J. A. Jacobs as head of the department. Dr. Jacobs resigned late in
1967 to accept a post as Killam Memorial Professor at the University of
Dr. Russell's department also has
one of the largest graduate programs
in geophysics in Canada. Currently,
26 graduate students are enrolled for
the degrees of master of science and
doctor of philosophy.
Arthur W. Slipper has been appointed assistant director, design and planning, in the UBC department of physical   plant.
Mr. Slipper, 47, was born in England and educated as an architect in
London and Leicester. He worked in
Coventry before going to a civil service post in Tanzania.
He moved to Canada in 1956 and for
the past tan years has been assistant
architect with the Vancouver School
In his new post he will report to the
director of physical plant and will
have responsibility for design and
planning of campus buildings and coordination of the work of architects
and engineers in new construction.
The position is an enlargement of
the post of assistant director — planning, formerly held by John C. H.
Porter, who resigned  last month.
More Land
The University of B.C.'s Board of
Governors has approved the lease of
additional lands to the Alma Mater
Society to provide for expansion of
the Thunderbird Winter Sports
The additional land to the south
and east of the existing building will
be used for construction of four single
squash courts, two single handball
courts and a new ice rink without
The Board approved the lease subject to receipt of a formal request from
the Alma Mater Society.
Under the lease agreement the University pays the following costs: taxes,
rates and duties on the land; charges
for water, gas, light and steam heat;
janitor and night watchman services
and general maintenance; land, ice
surface and ice plant maintenance,
and 50 percent of insurance premiums.
A three-man liaison committee between the University of B.C.'s Board
of Governors and Senate has been
established to deal with the campus
master plan.
Acting President Walter H. Gage
said the purpose of the liaison committee is to afford Senate members
an opportunity to state their views on
proposed siting of new, permanent
academic buildings in terms of function, location and similar factors prior
to approval of the site by the Board.
He said it is also intended the committee will provide a bridge between
the property committee of the Board
and the Senate on modifications or
new developments in the campus
master plan.
The committee would act in an
advisory capacity through the President to the Board of Governors and
would provide the necessary liaison
with Senate.
Meeting Date Set
The annual meeting of UBC's Alumni Association has been set for May
9 in Cecil Green Park, the new campus
"town-gown" centre.
Accommodation is limited and graduates should make reservations by
calling 228-3313.
VOLUME 14, No. 1


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