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UBC Publications

UBC Reports Mar 31, 1966

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VOLUME   12,  No. 2
fofr 6f»flmstt ^       *^
March-April, 1966.
The University of B.C.'s 1966 graduating class is being wooed by an unprecedented number of recruiting
teams from industry.
UBC's Office of Student Services
has arranged for 328 recruiting teams
from 258 companies to talk to students
this year. This represents an increase
of 13 percent over 1965 in the number
of companies visiting the campus to
interview students.
The number of B.C. firms interviewing graduating students to offer
careers in the province has increased
21 percent over 1965.
While opportunities are excellent
for all types of graduating students,
engineers and commerce students are
the most sought after, according to
Mr. J. C. Craik, UBC's Placement
"To take
view    the
Other companies, Mr. Craik said, are
not even putting a limit on the number
of students they want to hire. The
representative of one firm said they
would hire as many students as were
available providing they wanted to
work for the company and their
qualifications met the company's
Some companies are continuing their
policy of offering summer employment
to undergraduate students in the hope
that they will join the company permanently after graduation.
Mr.   Craik   said   one    international
construction  company has  been interviewing engineering students who will
graduate in 1968.
He said the company has a specific
training program to prepare engineers
for positions in other parts of the
The increasing number of recruiting
teams coming to the UBC campus is a
reflection of Canada's expanding economy, employment officials said.
a single example, about 80
sent recruiters to inter-
graduating class of 28
engineers,"   Mr.   Craik
LAURIER LAPIERRE, television personality and McGill history professor,
speaks at the UBC Alumni Association's annual dinner meeting May 11
in the Hotel Vancouver. See story
on page 7.
PURE WATER found by a drill crew 325 feet under the UBC campus near
the biological sciences building will be used by fisheries and zoology experts
for  scientific experiments.
Drilling Rig Strikes
Water on UBC Campus
Drilling of a 325-foot well to provide pure, fresh water for scientific experiments has been completed on the UBC campus.
The well, which has been sunk
at the south west corner of UBC's
biological sciences building, will
provide 60 gallons of water per
minute for the Institute of Fisheries and the department of zoology.
Dr. Norman Wilimovsky, director
of the fisheries institute, said the
city water supply presently used
for experiments is unsatisfactory
for three reasons.
Chlorine in the city supply kills
experimental fish if it is not first
dechlorinated in a special unit in
the  biological   sciences  building.
"The city water supply is also
deficient in certain minerals which
are necessary for fish growth and
development," Dr. Wilimovsky
Finally, interruptions in the present supply anywhere in the city
produce minute air bubbles in the
water which clog the gills of fish
and kill them.
Dr. Wilimovsky said that in the
past two  years  at  least four  im
portant    experiments    have    been
ruined as a result of one or more
of these factors.
The natural water found on the
campus has been analysed and
found to be ideal in terms of chemical composition and purity for
such experiments, Dr. Wilimovsky
The drilling of the well is one
of the first steps in the expansion
of the biological sciences building
to provide increased research and
teaching space for the Institute of
Fisheries and Oceanography and
the departments of zoology and
A $6,000,000 addition is currently
being planned for the building.
Funds for construction will be provided by the provincial government and the 3 Universities Capital
Rural Well Drillers Ltd., 4739
Lougheed Highway, Burnaby, were
awarded a contract for drilling the
well. The total cost of the project,
including construction of a manhole and installation of pipe, pumps
and electrical wiring, will be approximately   $26,000.
UBC has acquired a collection of
7,000 rare medical and scientific books
as a result of the accelerated book
buying program initiated last year
through the support of Dr. H. R. MacMillan.
UBC librarians are now unpacking
the collection from 65 tea chests in
which they travelled to Vancouver by
ship from   Magdalen  College, Oxford.
The collection was regarded as the
finest of its kind under private ownership  in  Great  Britain.
The former owner, Dr. Hugh Sinclair, lecturer in physiology and biochemistry at Magdalen College, has
been quoted in British newspapers as
Report Examines
Government of
A report suggesting major
changes in Canadian university
government was published in
March by the Association of
Universities and Colleges of
Canada and the Canadian Association of University Teachers.
The report makes recommendations concerning the size of
the board of governors and
senate of universities, the role
of students and relations between universities and governments.
The extracts from the report
to be found on page two are
not intended as a comprehensive
digest of the report but merely
as a sampler of suggested
changes and the thinking behind them.
saying he sold to UBC because "he
wanted his collection to be used by
serious students, as they would be in
British Columbia, not hoarded by collectors."
Some of the more outstanding features of the collection  are:
• A rare 1641 edition of a medical
text by Nicholaas Tulp, physician to
Rembrandt, which has bound into it
a red chalk drawing of a chimpanzee,
allegedly by the great Dutch painter.
The chalk drawing is the original
used to make a copper engraving
which is used to illustrate other copies of the Tulp book also in the collection.
• A medical text printed in Ulm,
Germany, in 1481, during the first days
of  printing.
• Many original letters written by
Florence Nightingale and several copies of rare first editions of her books.
• Original examples of Albert Einstein's  early  works.
Dr. William C. Gibson, professor of
the history of medicine and science,
said the acquisition of the collection
puts UBC in the forefront of the
world's medical and scientific libraries.
The books are being catalogued in
the special collections division of the
main UBC library. Appropriate volumes will be transferred to the Woodward   Library  later.
President John B. Macdonald, in
announcing acquisition of the collection, said it was purchased "as a result of the greatly accelerated buying program initiated a year ago by
Dr. H. R. MacMillan's gift of $3 million to buy books over a ten-year
"Our librarian, Basil Stuart-Stubbs,
examined the collection at Oxford
last year during his first buying trip
to Europe under the accelerated program.
"The decision to buy it was made
after his return to UBC, when Dr.
MacMillan extended his generosity to
make this extremely valuable collection available to faculty members
and  students  of the   University." FOR CANADIAN UNIVERSITY PRESIDENTS:
Expansion Means Increased Pressures
Major changes in the system of Canadian university government are suggested in the report,
"University Government in Canada," published in
March. The report was sponsored by the Canadian
Association of University Teachers and the Association of Universities and Colleges of Canada, and
was compiled by an independent commission consisting of Sir James Duff, former Vice-Chancellor
of the University of Durham, and Prof. Robert O.
Berdahl, of San Francisco State College.
(The following extracts are not intended as a
comprehensive digest of the report, but merely as a
sampler of suggested changes and the thinking behind them.)
If tension levels are already high at many
Canadian universities, it seems likely that future
developments will only serve to heighten them.
The rapid rate of expansion planned for higher
education in most provinces points to increasing pressures on the President to obtain rapid decisions at
the very time that the teaching faculties are asking
for more and more of a share in these decisions.
The growing shortage of qualified faculty will
strengthen the hand of those teachers who are
seeking to be treated as members of a "community
of scholars" rather than as mere employees of the
Board. For example, faculty demands will probably
become more insistent for a larger share in the
process of appointing their Department Chairmen,
Deans, and senior university officers. Furthermore,
some faculties are attracting to their university substantial grants for research. These are due to the
distinction of the faculty members concerned and
not to the money-raising efforts of the Board. In such
cases members of faculty must necessarily be involved  in  financial  decisions.
• • •
STUDENT DISCONTENT in other countries and
testimony that we heard in Canada both point to
the probability of growing demands for participation
in university government; and those Presidents,
Boards, and Senates who are insensitive to their
grievances may find student negotiating tactics increasingly unpalatable.
Finally, as a variable related to rapidity of expansion but separate from it, the problem of sheer
size may make the governance of universities still
harder and cause excessive tensions in some institutions which seem relatively stable now. We know
the advantage and probably even the inevitability
of larger universities, but we must note here the
fact that relations between Board and Senate, between President and faculty, between students and
faculty, and between students and administration—
all seem to deteriorate as a university grows into a
total of many thousands. Communication becomes
more difficult; face-to-face negotiations more rare; a
sense of identification with the institution more difficult both for students and for faculty. We are not
sociologists and hence shall not explore the phenomenon beyond noting that this is part of a much
larger trend in contemporary society to alienation
and mass institutions . . .
The two-tier pattern is retained but our proposals
involve an almost fundamental alteration. In place
of the assumed separation of powers between Board
and Senate, we propose a system whereby they are
brought into much closer contact at many stages . . .
There should be more variety than is commonly
found at present among Board members. Business
men and lawyers tend to predominate. Both are
admirably suited for the fiscal and constitutional
aspects of the Board's duties, but what we may
descrrbe as the "window on the world" ought to be
wider open. Both these professions are concerned
to keep many aspects of their work strictly confidential and to avoid unnecessary communication,
whereas the lack of good communication, from top
to bottom and vice versa, seems to us a major
cause of misunderstanding and discontent in many
Canadian universities. And we do not refer solely to
lack of official communication. We recognize that
there are aspects, both fiscal and personal, of Board
business that must be kept confidential . . .
The common practice of electing a certain number of alumni to seats on the Board should be
continued. We recommend that other universities
should adopt the practice at Queen's University of
including as a full member of the Board a Rector,
not himself a student, but elected by the students .. .
• • •
A BOARD IS ALL TOO LIKELY, under existing
constitutions, to meet faculty members only when its
Faculty Association requests consideration of salary
scales or conditions of tenure. This is a necessary
function of the Faculty Association. But it should not
cause Board members to say, as we heard them say,
that teachers seem only interested in their own
salaries. If a Board that takes that attitude were
asked to add one or two faculty members, nominated
by the Faculty Association in default of a more
appropriate body, the Board might well feel that
they would be including members of the Opposition
in the Government. It would not work. The case for
faculty representation on the Board depends on other
reforms, especially on the existence of a body such
as the kind of Senate that we advocate, which could
elect responsible representatives to the Board . . .
We recommend that the charter and acts should
be modified where necessary to permit the inclusion
of faculty members on Boards. It is important that
they should be members of the Senate so that they
will know in advance the business that is coming
from Senate to the Board and will not be tempted
to raise, as if they were fresh issues, matters on
which the Senate has reached a decision. Staggered
three-year terms are desirable to ensure continuity
of experience; but re-election should normally be
discouraged so that the Senate shall sooner or later
contain a substantial proportion of members who
have served a turn on the Board.
Beyond the minimum of three members to permit
proper rotation in office, the number of faculty
members on the Board should vary with the size of
the Board, not exceeding 25 per cent. The faculty
shculd definitely be in a minority, because otherwise
there would be a danger that the professors, being
more vocal by nature and training than most lay
members of the Board, would tend to monopolize
the discussions . . .
The primary functions of the Board should continue to be as at present, i.e. to exercise the ultimate
fiscal responsibility and the ultimate de jure sovereignty. . . .
A major premise of our recommendations for
revised structure and functions of both Board and
Senate is that these bodies must understand each
other better and work together more closely. We
recommend that the Senate be allowed to discuss,
and indeed pass resolutions on, any topic relating
to the welfare of the university, not excluding matters
relating to finance. Such Senate actions, would, of
course be subject to the overriding legal authority
and to the primary fiscal responsibility of the Board.
• • •
Board should not be inhibited from asking Senate
to take a second look at some educational proposal
that they have brought to the Board. The Board
should give their reasons if they think that Senate
has failed to take into account some public reaction
to a particular educational plan. Again, they should
feel free to ask Senate to consider a new development which the Board thinks deserving of consideration. But, just as the Board must have the last word
on fiscal matters, so the Senate must not be overruled by the Board on a purely educational issue . . .
There are numerous non-academic members on
many Senates. Often the Senate has become so
largely external in its composition, acting as a kind
of public relations committee, that the normal functions of Senate have either lapsed or been passed
on, perforce, to bodies such as the General Faculty
Council or its Executive Committee. We recognize
the value of the public relations functions for
Senates . . . But it is so crucial for the Senate
to become the central education forum of the university that we venture to recommend the removal
of all external members except in those cases where
it has been considered desirable to have a small
representation from the Board of Governors sitting'
on Senate . . .
The size of a Senate often determines its effectiveness. It should be a deliberative body, not a
mass meeting. That sets an upper limit of about
fifty . . .
We recommend that the majority of the Senate
should be elected by the faculty from the faculty,
for staggered three-year terms, with rotation considered as normal but re-election not ruled out . . .
For eligibility, we suggest either all professors
and associate professors or alternatively all tenured
staff. In general we favour the former. Faculty
below the rank of associate professor already form
such a high percentage of total faculty (and their
percentage is likely to increase) that if they formed
a "youth lobby" and voted accordingly, the "gerontocracy" would change to a government by juniors.
This would inevitably give the impression that the
Senate was not a responsible body. Also there are
not many junior faculty who could afford to give
the necessary time (quite a considerable amount of
time) to their Senate duties without jeopardizing
their chances of establishing their academic career.
• * •
ON THE OTHER HAND it is important that
junior faculty should feel that their voice can be
heard somewhere in the government Nothing else
gives them so good a chance for developing a sentiment of loyalty to their university. Accordingly we
suggest that, say, three seats on Senate should be
reserved for faculty below the rank of associate professor who have tenure. The electorate for these
seats should exclude professors and associate professors. If, as we are about to suggest, elections to
Senate are  held separately for each  Faculty these
Volume 12, No. 2 — March-April, 1966. Authorized as second
class mail by the Post Office Department, Ottawa, and for
payment of postage in cash. Published by the University of
British Columbia and distributed free of charge to friends
and graduates of the University. Material appearing herein
may be reproduced freely. Letters are welcome and should
be addressed to The Information Office, UBC, Vancouver 8,
three "junior" seats will need to be rotated among
Faculties by some agreed method.'. . .
We consider that the President has been the
chief victim of the defects of structure that have
revealed themselves as universities become larger
and more complex. Our major recommendations
throughout this report aim at better communication
and better representation from top to bottom and
vice versa. In particular, with more links between
Board and Senate, and with an elected majority on
Senate, which itself elects members to seats on the
Board, the President will have allies on both bodies.
They can support him in presenting the Senate's
requests to the Board. They can support him in explaining the Board's decisions, necessarily sometimes
unwelcome, to the Senate. A President who under
existing conditions feels himself baited and badgered
by his Faculty Association may find this expectation
difficult to accept Yet it is true. The Faculty Association by its very nature carries no official responsibility. But the very same men, as elected members
of the Senate, have responsibility thrust upon them.
They become better informed, and if the Board's
decisions are reasonable, they will see the reasons. . . .
The subject of the relationship of students to
university government is one which has only recently
received serious consideration. But we saw enough
symptoms of student dissatisfaction with their self-
perceived status as "customers" of the university to
know that there will be increasing demands made in
Canada for their elevation to partners (albeit unequal ones) in the "community of scholars and
students." Some variations of the Berkeley disturbances may possibly occur in Canada during the
coming years. The issue, then, is not whether to
welcome or stifle this new wave of student sentiment,
but rather how to develop channels into which it
can flow constructively.
• * •
SUCH CHANNELS WITHIN the university could be
established on several different levels. For departments and/or Faculties, joint student-faculty committees seem to have worked well in the institutions
where they have been tried. Normally the Department Chairman or Dean heads the committee and
there is an equal number of students and professors . . .
Although some student leaders insisted that only
one of their own number could properly represent
students on the Board, most young people to whom
we talked were willing to concede that this was not
a feasible proposal. There are a variety of possible
objections: the rapid turnover in student leadership
not only makes consistently high-quality representation unlikely, but when a gifted student leader
does emerge he is prevented from acquiring sufficient
experience to be a useful participant. Furthermore,
questions of delicacy and confidentiality which come
before the Board would effectively silence the student representative vis-a-vis his constituency and
would, in effect, drive a wedge between him and his
fellow students. There is also the not inconsiderable
factor of the additional time demands which Board
membership would make on already busy student
We recommend that the plan which has been
successfully employed at Queen's University and at
the Scottish universities be generally followed.
Under this formula, the students elect a Rector, not
himself a student, to represent them as a full member of the Board. There is some question as to
whether this representative should be a well-established figure, or a lesser known, perhaps younger,
man; but in our view, his fame is less important than
his willingness to accept at least a three year term,
to participate conscientiously, and to be easily accessible to the students for consultation and communication. Such a Rector should act as the articulate
spokesman for student interests on Board matters
that bear, even remotely, on student interests. As an
example, he should suggest consultation *vith students before the Board decides to raise stapent tuition fees. The final decision may have to be the
same, but if the necessity to raise fees has been
carefully explained to the students ahead of time,
mutual trust will have been greatly enhanced.
• * •
PROPOSALS TO ADD one or more student members to the Academic Senate seem to present fewer
problems in principle, and the University of Victoria
and several American institutions have already done
so. The practice is too new for informed evaluation
to be made of it As an alternative or additional
plan it has been suggested that students (not members of the Senate) be put on Senate committees
relevant to student interests, broadly defined. (For
instance, these committees should include not only
the obvious ones dealing with libraries and scholarships, but also those which determine educational
policies and admission standards.) . . .
We found Alumni participation in Canadian university government to be, by and large, of a high
calibre. There was little evidence of the stereotyped
"old grad" who wanted a sports stadium instead of
a better library. On the contrary, the representatives
of the Alumni Association whom we met seemed both
devoted to and knowledgeable about the universities
they were serving . . . UBC'S EXTENSION DEPARTMENT became truly international in scope recently
when it began cooperating with the University of Rajasthan in India on a project
designed to develop adult education in rural areas. Dr. John Friesen, UBC's extension department director, led the team which was in India last year to advise
the University on starting the project. One of the first tasks undertaken was a
survey of the need for adult education and a research assistant is shown above
conducting the survey.
Cornerstone Laid
For Indian Centre
December 23, 1965, marked a new
date   in   India's   history  of education.
On that day Canada's High Commissioner, the Honourable Roland Miche-
ner, laid the cornerstone at the University of Rajasthan for a Centre for
Continuing   Education.
The occasion, attended by leading
educators and government officials of
Rajasthan and presided over by Vice-
Chancellor Mohan S. Mehta, saw the
culmination of several years' study of
the need for such a building on the
University  of  Rajasthan's  campus.
When completed, the Centre, with
its conference and seminar rooms, administration offices, modern communications service, and residential wing,
will  open  its  doors  to  many  profes-
DR. MOHAN S. MEHTA, former vice-
chancellor of the University of Rajasthan, and the man who sparked the
current UBC - Rajasthan project, is
visiting UBC until April 20 to review
the program, and meet with members
of the Asian studies department and
Indian students. He will also speak
at public meetings in Vancouver and
sional and community groups seeking
to continue their education.
The need to up-grade India's manpower is most urgent. UBC's twinning
arrangement with its sister university
in the Commonwealth, is enabling that
country and particularly Rajasthan to
progress on an educational frontier
that is relatively new in regional and
national development on the subcontinent.
Established in the fall of 1964, between Canada's External Aid Office
and the Government of India, the
UBC-Rajasthan project was begun in
its initial year by UBC's resident staff
members in Jaipur, Dr. J. K. Friesen
and  Dr. J. A.  Draper.
After extensive surveys in rural and
urban Rajasthan, the Canadian team
and their Indian colleagues in Extension, in close co-operation with faculty,
government and community resources,
drew up a plan for continuing university education, the first of its kind in
India. On this basis an extensive program in this field is now being
Dr. J. Roby Kidd, the present senior
adviser at Jaipur, reports that current
developments in continuing education
there include a plan for education by
correspondence, now approved by the
University and the governments which
will lead to the eventual enrolment
of some 10,000 students a year.
Many of these have no other opportunity to continue higher education.
The Canadian team also reports holding an increasing number of short
courses and conferences for librarians,
community development staff, personnel of many of Rajasthan's 70 colleges, supervisors and teachers in
literacy programs, etc.
Recently a course in co-operative
development was held in Jaipur with
the financial assistance of the B.C.
Credit Union  League.
Another organization that is twinning with its Jaipur counterpart is
the University Women's Club of Vancouver. The staff at the University of
Please turn to page six
Extension 30 Years Old
UBC's  extension  department is 30 years old  this year.
Its 1936 founders — two in number — little dreamed that in
1966 the department would have grown to 55 persons and would be
facing  new challenges resulting from  a  rapidly changing society.
But the goal of the extension department in 1966 remains almost
identical to the one which motivated the founders — to expand the
boundaries of the University campus to the four corners of the
On this and the following three pages of the March-April edition
of UBC REPORTS are articles and news stories detailing some of
the  current and future  programs of the department.
Demand Increases for
Continuing Education
Programs in continuing education
for professional people are expected
to double in enrolment in the next five
years at the University of British
This year 7,400 professional men and
women are taking advantage of extension courses.
Increasing demand for short courses,
seminars and evening classes is coming from professional associations,
groups and individuals who express
a growing need for continuing education in their areas of specialization.
Currently, programs for teachers,
lawyers, pharmacists, businessmen,
social workers, nurses, agriculturalists
and special industries such as fisheries
The popular extension department
study-discussion program, Living
Room Learning, will be revived this
September after a two-year discontinuation.
First started in 1957 under a grant
from the Fund for Adult Education,
Living Room Learning at one time
reached into 66 communities throughout British Columbia and involved
some 1,600 people.
After seven years of operation the
program was terminated in 1964 when
the extension department was struggling to meet the challenge of financial
self-sufficiency. In some areas of the
province study-discussion groups continued on an autonomous basis, and
requests to reactivate the UBC program continue to be received.
Knute Buttedahl, associate director
of the extension department, who initiated the first Living Room Learning
groups, described the aims of the program as "helping the participants to
think independently, critically and objectively, to develop his tolerance of
opinions and ideas which differ from
his own and to develop his skills in
communicating with others."
Study-discussion involves the individual reading of specially prepared
materials followed by group discussion. Groups are under the guidance
of trained discussion leaders whose
function is to create maximum opportunity for relevant and productive
discussion. ,
Groups normally enroll between 10
and 20 participants and meet in private
homes. For this reason the "living
room" gives the study-discussion program its name.
Many aspects of the original program will be repeated but new subjects will be offered and planning is
underway to produce special study
discussion courses for professional
The range of topics will include
Great Religions of the World, Looking
at Modern Painting, Ways of Mankind,
Ideas in Context, and Exploration of
the Universe. New program subjects
will be developed in cooperation with
various academic departments at UBC.
Directed reading courses and individual study programs will be added
to the program.
are among those arranged by the department.
The University of British Columbia
has selected as a key academic goal
in continuing education, "the education
of graduates already active in professional and other fields in order to
ensure that such persons are fully
aware of the rapid developments in
their fields."
Paralleling this, the Economic Council of Canada's Report, published in
December, 1965, recommends the advancement of education at all levels
be high priority in public policy, adding "In particular we urge that immediate attention be given to the
following . . . The development and
implementation of greatly expanded
programs to upgrade and bring up to
date the education and skill qualifications of the existing labor force, including professional workers and
management. Continuing education
and retraining must play an ever-increasing role in the future."
Indicative of interest is a recent architects' conference in Vancouver for
which the main speaker's topic was
"continuing education  for architects."
Similarly, continuing education in
educational administration was a major topic at a November, 1965, Vancouver conference for district superintendents, principals and vice-principals   from   schools   throughout   B.C.
All programs in continuing education for the professions show significant growth in the past few years at
An education-extension program was
established in the department 2Vi
years ago to provide non-credit
courses, workshops and lectures in
the field  of education.
Prior to 1964 only a few professional
education courses were held each year
with registration in the low hundreds.
Since then, 40 to 50 programs have
registered more than 2,000 people each
Continuing education programs in
engineering fields show a similar
growth with an enrolment of 64 in
1962-63 which had increased to 1,375
by  1964-65.
Highly specialized seminars, such as
one held in February, 1965, on British
Columbia's Future in Forest Products
Trade in Asia and the Pacific Area,
are being offered in increasing numbers in the area of commerce and
business administration.
This intensive one-day seminar, offered in cooperation with the faculty
of forestry, brought to the campus 20
specialists from different areas of the
forest industry, representing government, universities and industry in
Canada, the U.S. and New Zealand.
More than 100 attended.
For the past seven years the Canadian Bar Association, B.C. branch, the
Vancouver Bar Association and the
faculty of law in conjunction with the
extension department have offered an
annual law refresher course.
From 1964 to the present the B.C.
Pharmaceutical Association, faculty of
pharmacy and extension department
have offered programs in continuing
education for pharmacists. In total 279
pharmacists have participated in seven
The faculty of medicine's department of continuing medical education,
established in 1960, reaches physicians
throughout B.C. In 1964-65 alone, 27
per cent of the province's 2,345 physicians in practice registered for one
or more continuing education courses. IN UBC'S EXTENSION DEPARTMENT:
New Emphasis Is on Continuing Education
(Gordon Selman, the author of the following
brief history of the UBC extension department, is executive assistant to President John B. Macdonald
and former associate director of extension. The
article is based on the thesis which he wrote for his
master of arts degree in history).
Extension services have been offered by UBC
since the earliest days of the University. The Faculty
of Agriculture was giving courses for farmers and
other primary producers before it accepted any
regular full-time students. More than 1,300 veterans
of World War I attended vocational short courses
at the University between  1917 and  1921.
A lectures service for community organizations
was organized by the faculty in 1918 and before
long was arranging some hundreds of lectures each
year. Almost all these activities were curtailed in
the early 1930's, however, when the University grant
was cut drastically by the government.
A fresh start was made possible in 1935 as a
result of a grant from the Carnegie Corporation, a
portion of which was used to carry out a remarkable
series of lectures throughout the province. In just
a few months 893 lectures were given, attended by
more than 70,000 persons. In order to give permanence to this work, the University created the Department of University Extension in late April of
1936, almost thirty years ago exactly.
The Extension Department has had three directors
since that time, Mr. Robert England (1936-37), Dr.
Gordon Shrum (1937-53) and Dr. John Friesen (1953-
From a staff of two — a director and his secretary — the Department has grown over the years
to perhaps the largest in the country. The program
has expanded from just a few courses in the first
year which involved only a few hundred persons, to
the   present  ambitious   and   comprehensive   service
which enrolls more than 25,000 adults each year in
its many hundreds of courses.
Mr. England launched a number of new programs during his short term as director and laid
the foundation for future development of policy
and program. The main task of building up the
Department remained to Dr. Shrum. In him the
Department had a leader admirably suited to this
task. He recruited able young people to help set
up the program. He sought funds and other assistance from outside the University in order to build
up the Department beyond what university funds
Most important of all, he looked at the needs
of the people of the Province and designed programs
which helped meet them. He found people troubled
about the problems of the depression and provided
study groups on economics and public affairs. He
found interest in the arts at a low ebb and provided a wide variety of services in theatre, music
and the visual arts.
Life in the rural parts of the Province was
isolated and economically depressed in many areas
and he organized a field staff to put on training
courses for unemployed rural youth, a program on
co-operatives for fishermen and courses on home
economics and handicrafts for women in all parts
of the Province. At the same time many and varied
courses  were   offered   in  the  Vancouver  area.
By the time Dr. Friesen took up his duties as
director in the early fifties, the pattern of educational services in the Province had changed greatly.
Economic conditions were more satisfactory, people
tended to stay in school longer and a wide variety
of other agencies were developing adult education
programs. The need then was for the University to
concentrate more on the training of leaders and the
further education of its graduates.
Continuing education in the professions and
specialized programs in many different fields of
interest were stressed. The Summer School of Arts
was brought to new levels of achievement. Courses
carrying credit towards a degree were made more
generally available. With the help of funds secured
from private foundations, experimental and interdisciplinary programs in the liberal arts were expanded, high-level courses on public affairs were
organized and long-range programs for persons in
positions of public responsibility were successfully
carried out. With other institutions providing a
range of services, UBC could more and more concentrate on "higher adult education."
The development of UBC's comprehensive extension program has been made possible by a number
of factors. One of the most obvious has been the
encouragement and support given to it by Presidents Wesbrook, Klinck, MacKenzie and Macdonald.
"Guideposts to Innovation" states clearly that continuing education continues to be a major function
of the institution.
The faculty of the University, several hundreds
of whom teach Extension courses each year — from
the most junior to the most senior members of the
staff—make an essential contribution to the program
and do so obviously in the belief that this is an
important aspect of the University's contribution to
the Province. The directors and staff of the Extension Department itself have also, of course, played
a crucial part over the years in creating the outstanding service now available to the people of
British Columbia.
In the years ahead, further changes in the program can clearly be expected. UBC has gained new
partners in the post-secondary field in the form of
three universities (University of Victoria, Simon
Fraser and Notre Dame) the B.C. Institute of Technology and the public and private community colleges. The emphasis of UBC's role in continuing
education will undoubtedly change in keeping with
the changing goals of the institution as a whole. The
developments in the next thirty years will likely be
as exciting as those of the last thirty, although one
tends to wonder whether that is possible.
Jet-Age Study Tour
Attracts 39 to Mexico
An education program keyed to the
jet-age began March 18 when a group
of 39 left by Canadian Pacific Airlines
for a 19-day study tour of Mexico.
The Mexican tour was the second
educational tour organized by the
UBC extension department, the first
being a highly successful tour to Quebec last spring.
Orientation lectures on Mexican history, politics, sociology and culture by
3,000 Titles
Listed in
Film Catalogue
Three new catalogues listing films
available on loan throughout British
Columbia have recently been published by the audio-visual services division of the extension department.
More than 3,000 titles, ranging from
the experimental films of Norman
McLaren to a series on the nature of
work are listed in a general catalogue.
Forty-seven new films have been
added to those available in the last
three months.
"Films from Britain," 266 titles and
"Films from Australia," 121 titles, are
catalogued providing borrowers interested in productions from these two
countries with more complete descriptions of films available.
In the past year the audio-visual division served more than 1,000 film
borrowers, including firms, churches,
government departments, schools, individuals and community organizations.
Film subjects include agriculture,
community and national affairs, education, travel, labor and management
relations, manufacturing and technical training, music, dance, fine arts,
theatre, natural resources, wildlife
and conservation, science, philosophy,
religion, recreation and world affairs.
Among new films recently added to
the department's library are "Computers and Control," generally describing the application of computers in
Britain; "Growth of Love," behavioural
studies of factors involved; "And a
Couple of Wallabies," travel in Australia; and "In Good Shape," original
creations in British designs.
Professor Thomas Brose, Simon Fraser
University, and on art and architecture by Professor William Hart, UBC
fine arts department, as well as lessons in conversational Spanish, prepared participants for the tour directed and accompanied by bilingual
sociologist Roberto Cuba Jones of the
International Cultural Centre, Mexico
The tour focused upon cultural, social, economic, archaeological and historical aspects of Mexico and the itinerary was conducted in chronological
order — from centres of pre-Columbian, Aztec and Mayan cultures to
areas of Spanish conquest, colonial
history and independence, to contemporary  aspects  in   Mexico City.
The group visited many historical
sites and attended lectures by archaeologists at digs in the Yucatan, a program of native dances at Patzcuaro, a
lecture-seminar on art by the director
of the Institute of Art at San Miguel
Allende, a program at the UNESCO
School for Fundamental Education in
Patzcuaro, lectures in Mexico City
on regional planning and the Four
Great Murals, a visit to the Mexican
Autonomous University and participation in the seminar on social change
in Latin America conducted by four
experts in Mexican economics and
The tour combining learning with
leisure was fully booked shortly after
it was announced and had a long waiting   list.
It attracted mainly professional people and included several physicians, a
lawyer, engineer, labour relations expert, community planner, radio and
communications expert, librarian,
nurse, school teacher, research assistant, and a forester.
Educational tours, linking study with
firsthand observation, are designed by
the extension department for adults
seeking a comprehensive understanding   of  other   cultures.
VOLUME 12, No. 2
Opera  Workshop  Leads
To Professional Stage
Within the first five years of its
existence, the UBC Opera Workshop
has trained two outstanding students
who have made their professional
debuts with the Vancouver Opera Association and have since advanced
their careers in New York and
Soprano Marcelle Zonta, who during the past three years has trained
at the University of Toronto's opera
school, has appeared with the Canadian Opera Company and at the 1965
Stratford Festival.
In December, 1965, while singing the
lead in Prokofiev's "The Love for
Three Oranges", she was heard by
directors of the Metropolitan Opera's
National Touring Company and after
an audition in New York became the
third Canadian to win a year's contract with the Company.
Erica Busch, who is studying with
Roy Henderson, one of Britain's leading teachers, has had encouraging
auditions with both the Sadler's Wells
Opera Company and the Glynde-
bourne    Festival.    This    spring    she
joined the British Arts Council Touring Company "Opera for All."
The UBC Opera Workshop, which
began in 1961, aims to train vocalists
in the "stage arts" of the opera singer
by using a series of excerpts, rather
than a single major production as the
basis for a six week course. This
makes it possible to utilize each
singer to the fullest extent of his or
her abilities.
Professor French Tickner, director
since 1961, says "I wish to stress the
creative aspects of learning 'styles'
rather than 'works' and the adaptability of the singer to specific dramatic
situations brought about by performing several parts in operas highly
diversified and different in approach
and style."
Nicholas Goldschmidt first introduced opera to UBC in 1952 at the
annual extension department Summer
School of Arts. Until 1958, when the
Vancouver Opera Association was
founded, the UBC Opera School provided the only locally produced opera
on a near professional level. CHINA
INDIA  < J'    ;
: «>.
A diploma program in adult education will be offered for the first time
by the University of British Columbia
beginning in July, 1966.
The program is designed for persons
who wish to acquire the skills and
knowledge to organize, conduct, evaluate and administer programs in adult
education, but who do not wish to
pursue a graduate degree.
It is offered by the faculty of education and the extension department
in response to growing demand for
specialists in adult education.
Public school adult education directors, trainers in business and industry,
education officers in the armed services, community development workers, program organizers in volunteer
organizations and district agriculturalists will be among those participating.
Candidates for admission to the program should have a bachelor's degree,
a satisfactory background in some
field of work or study which can make
a contribution to adult education and
PROFESSOR William L. Holland, head of UBC's Asian
Studies department delivers one of the weekly adult education  television   programs   on   Asja   over  CHAN-TV.  The  26
lectures, produced in cooperation with the UBC extension
department, deal with art, religion and international relations
in   southeast   Asia.    Series   will   be   repeated   this   summer.
Asian Civilization Topic
Of First Television Series
In response to continuing requests
by viewers, CHAN-TV will repeat the
comprehensive series of weekly adult
education television programs Great
Asian Civilizations this summer on
Channels 8 and 6.
The series of 26 half-hour lectures
was produced by British Columbia
Television in cooperation with the
University of British Columbia departments of Asian studies and extension.
Prof.  W.   L.   Holland,   head,   Asian
studies   department,   coordinated   the
"With such crises as the recent war
in India and Pakistan, such events as
the Chinese development of nuclear
weapons and, above all, the increasing involvement of the U.S. and Commonwealth nations in the Viet Nam
war, the need for a deeper understanding   of  some   of the  social   and
Conference Office Uses
Idle Space on UBC Campus
There is no such thing as an idle
campus anymore — at least not at
the  University of British Columbia.
The recently published 1964-65 annual report of the UBC extension
department shows some 13,329 persons
attended conferences, short courses
and seminars on campus last year —
more than double the 5,763 figure in
In addition, 5,882 adults from
throughout Greater Vancouver attended non-credit evening classes sponsored by the extension department,
exceeding in total the 15,489 winter
session students for the same year.
UBC is unique among Canadian
universities as the only one to have
a full-time office of short courses and
conferences for the single purpose of
organizing, coordinating and administering.
The office was established in 1958
as a part of the extension department.
From a total of 5,048 on-campus conferences in that year, the number has
almost tripled  in  six years.
"Educational conferences, institutes
and seminars are growing because of
the increased demand for continuing
education programs, particularly in
the professions," said Knute Butte-
dahl,  recent supervisor of the office.
There is a growing demand from
community organizations for convention facilities. Some of these conventions or annual meetings are so large
that they are difficult to accommodate
in commercial facilities. For example,
during June, 1965, the Conference of
Learned Societies of Canada registered  more  than 4,000  people.
"Our philosophy towards non-educational meetings has been that the
university, as a public institution,
makes its facilities available to the
community whenever they are not required for teaching or research purposes, provided that any group making use of the facilities pays all expenses  involved,"  said  Buttedahl.
In 1964-65 alone, the Chartered Accountants Association, Junior Red
Cross, General Synod of the Anglican
Church of Canada, Luther League,
Girl Guides of Canada, provincial
United Nations High School Seminar,
a dairy short course, Metropolitan
Health Nursing Workshop, a school
design seminar, fisheries short course,
seminar on B.C. Forest Products Trade
in Asia and the Pacific Area, seminar
on Automation and Business for businessmen and B.C. School Trustees
were among meetings held on campus.
Former supervisor of the office,
Knute Buttedahl, is now associate
director of the extension department.
He has been succeeded by Jindra
Kulich, who has returned from the
Elliot Lake Centre for Continuing
Education in Ontario to head the conference office.
political forces in Southern and Eastern Asia is greater than ever," said
Prof. Holland.
Program topics range from art, religion and social change to politics,
economics and international relations
in China, Japan, India, Viet Nam and
The initial run of the series began
in November, 1965, as a part of University of the Air, the first combined
effort of a group of private television
stations across Canada to offer educational programs five mornings a
week. Continuing until June, this series  is  shown  at 7 a.m.  Fridays.
In December a repeat of the program  began Tuesdays at 11:30 p.m.
This summer's showing will give
persons who missed portions of either
earlier broadcast the opportunity to
view the complete series. Time and
day will  be announced  later.
UBC faculty members participating
include: Dr. W. E. Willmott, Dr. Mary
Morehart, Prof. Shuichi Kato, Dr. D.
G. E. Hall, Dr. John K. Friesen, Prof.
John F. Howes, Prof. Jan J. Solecki,
Prof. Kazuko Tsurumi, Dr. Peter Har-
netty, Dr. Michael Ames, Prof. Elliot
Weisgarber, Prof. R. S. Milne and
Dean Emeritus F. H. Soward.
This venture into educational television adds a new dimension to UBC
extension department offerings, cooperating closely with University departments, in bringing the University's
resources to the community at large.
Universities in Calgary, Edmonton,
Ottawa and Toronto along with UBC
developed programs for the University of the Air series. Subjects include
psychology, conversational French, history, theatre and mathematics.
The programs were planned before
the Fowler Commission report which
criticized private stations and recommended educational shows in the
VOLUME 12, No. 2
An expanded summer program in continuing education
for adults will be offered by the
extension department in July
and August, 1966.
Major programs will include
beginning, intermediate and advanced intensive French conversation classes; weekly public
affairs lectures; a one-week program focusing on the present
state and future potential of
Vancouver's harbor; a two-week
residential workshop for teachers on programs for educationally deprived children and a
seminar on India Today, July
7, 8 and 9.
Courses are planned to take
advantage of the resource of
visiting professors on campus
for the summer and to utilize
teaching facilities not available
in the winter.
John P. Blaney, associate director of the UBC Summer
Session, said an adult enrolment
of 1,800 to 2,000 is expected.
Last year approximately 1,500
persons participated in non-
credit summer extension programs.
be considered  by a policy committee
to be serious and mature students.
In exceptional instances, individuals
without a bachelor's degree who display a university graduate's level of
knowledge and an ability to work at
the graduate level may have their
cases  reviewed  for  admission.
Content will focus on three areas:
philosophy, psychological and social
foundations, processes and administration of adult education; a subject
matter area related to the student's
interest or previous academic experience; and the nature of both the educational program and the agency in
which the student will work.
The course of study will be equivalent to a minimum of five full university courses plus a short internship
which may be completed by one winter session or by summer sessions
and/or  extra-sessional   classes.
In 1957 a graduate program in adult
education was initiated by the University.
Diploma program policy is established by a committee of persons
representing the faculties of education, arts, agriculture and graduate
studies, the director of extension, the
registrar and the professor of adult
Further information on the program
is available from the extension department. CHANDELIERED BALLROOM of Yorkeen House on the
UBC campus was a classroom recently for these B.C.
fishermen taking an intensive three-week course designed
to acquaint them with the latest developments in a wide
range  of  areas,   including   fishing  techniques,   navigation
and marine law. The annual program, sponsored by the
UBC extension department and the federal department
of fisheries, has increasing enrolments each year. This is
its 27th year of operation. Photo by Gordon Sedawie, Vancouver Province. *
Course Takes Fishermen
From Boat to Ballroom
This spring 35 commercial fishermen, from such points as Ucluelet,
Prince Rupert, Puget Sound, Bella
Bella and the Queen Charlotte Islands,
moved from boat to ballroom for the
13th annual Fisheries Short Course
sponsored   by   the   extension   depart
ment and financed by the federal Fisheries   Department.
In what was once the ballroom of
Yorkeen, the former home of Senator
S.  S.   McKeen,   now   owned   by   UBC,
Program Seeks
To Aid Indians
"You don't build houses, but ideas."
The comment was made at a recent meeting in Fort St. James
sponsored by the UBC extension department's Indian Leadership
Education Program.
The speaker is a builder of houses, one of a growing number of
Indians who are employed in helping improve the physical environment of their people.
But he is also a builder of ideas, as an elected representative
to the recently formed British Columbia Regional Advisory Council —
established to acquaint government with the needs and desires ofthe
people it represents.
It was in the latter capacity he was sharing with others in considering current difficulties facing Indians. With financial support from
the Federal Indian Affairs branch opportunity for such sharing is
provided through the Indian Leadership Education Program.
The program began on a part-time basis in 1962 at the request
of an Indian organization. Indian leaders from across the province
met at UBC.
Since becoming a full-time program in 1964 the emphasis has
changed to taking campus resources to the people on their own home
A recent workshop brought together chiefs and councilors from
five bands in the Terrace agency, Kitimat in the south to the Nass
River in the north. For two days the leaders examined the impact
of the growing forest industry on the previously isolated fishing communities. With them were representatives of the major company
operating in the area.
Delegates recognized the need for councils, as the local elected
governing authority, to keep up with new developments in helping
their people to adapt
Education in relation to home, community, school and adult
life was discussed. The group agreed that although many Indians are
finding a place in the new forest industry, there is still need to encourage young people to undertake training at higher technical and professional levels.
the fishermen studied how to do their
job better.
The three-week course is part of
an extension department program in
fisheries which began in 1939 with
funds provided by the federal Fisheries Department.
Early programs, following the east
coast example of St. Francis Xavier,
concentrated on helping fishermen by
aiding them in establishing co-operatives and credit unions. One example
is Prince Rupert which, from a
meagre beginning, now boasts a Fishermen's Co-operative Association that
has more than eight and one-half
million  dollars  in  assets.
In the mid-fifties the residential
school, a completely new concept of
extension work in fisheries, was introduced at the time the Hon. James
Sinclair was minister of fisheries.
In 1954 seventy fishermen, selected
on the basis of competency and experience, came to UBC for two weeks
to study their industry. This was the
genesis of the current program, which
has grown to three-weeks in length.
Now in its 27th year, the varied
curriculum covers international law,
oceanography and accounting to coastal piloting, boat construction and
radar operation. Lecturers are from
the UBC faculty, federal Fisheries Department Fisheries Research Board,
commercial companies and individual
As another part of the fisheries program, middle management from fishing companies have attended a 12-
week evening class modification of
the short course for the past five
years. The 1966 series had an enrolment of 33.
Indicative of the program's success
are growing requests for information
on content and operational details
from Australia, New Zealand, the
United States and countries in southeast Asia.
Special programs such as a recent
10-week statistics course for technicians at the Biological Research Station, Nanaimo, are conducted as a part
of the extension department fisheries
Automated lectures involving three
communications media — tape, slides
and telephone — are planned for April
to provide continuing education to
practicing pharmacists in certain areas
of British Columbia.
A specialist in internal medicine
and staff member of the B.C. Cancer
Institute has tape-recorded a 45-
minute lecture on treating cancer
with drugs and synchronized selected
slides to accompany the tape.
This material is being made available to groups of pharmacists throughout B.C. by the UBC extension department, faculty of pharmacy and
the   B.C.  Pharmaceutical Association.
Playing of the tape and showing of
the slides will be followed by a direct
telephone hook-up with the specialist
in Vancouver to provide each group
with opportunity to ask questions and
receive immediate answers from him.
Local  speakers  will   also  participate.
The advantages of this tri-media
approach are numerous. In particular,
it allows a single speaker to be heard
by many more audiences than he could
speak to in person, remoteness of locale is not a factor; and large and
small groups alike can be accomodated.
Additionally, this technique allows
dissemination of information not generally available through ordinary literature channels.
The program is scheduled to be repeated in several communities, including Kamloops, Cranbrook and Terrace.
Rajasthan's Department of Adult Education is also assisting the Faculties
of Engineering, Social Science and
Commerce, to develop refresher
courses in Engineering, Management,
Public Administration and Welfare.
An interesting feature of Indo-Cana-
dian co-operation in Rajasthan and in
other states is the work of the young
CUSO volunteers. In Rajasthan alone,
these recent university graduates are
making a unique contribution in teaching, community development, agricultural extension and  nursing.
At the same time they are learning
a good deal about a new culture in a
country whose development is of special significance to its Commonwealth
The first exchange team from the
University of Rajasthan to UBC is
expected to arrive shortly. They will
come to Canada under Colombo Plan
auspices and return to India as members of the extension staff in Jaipur.
This form of exchange, which was
so successful in the recently completed
UBC-University of Malaya project in
business administration, assures continuity of the project in tfie host institution and aids directly in achieving
the goals of self-help in national development
In addition to investment by governments in this program, the UBC
project team sees an even larger opportunity for twinning arrangements
between voluntary, social, business
and cultural agencies of British Columbia with those in Rajasthan. In
this way, an increasing number of people, both young and adult, can assist
in, and benefit from, this unique undertaking in international goodwill
and understanding.
VOLUME 12, No. 2 EXTENSION AND IMPROVEMENT program currently
underway at the south end of the UBC campus includes
a new stadium which can be seen taking shape in the
centre foreground of the aerial photo. Agricultural field
facilities to the north of the stadium site, now zoned for
parking, athletics and  housing, will  be moved to cleared
areas in woods to the south and east, where facilities for
forestry and the biological sciences will also be placed.
When completed, the expansion will put into use the entire
988.74 acre campus stretching from the tip of Point Grey to
the Simon Fraser Memorial on Southwest Marine Drive.
Photo by George Allen Aerial Photos Ltd.
$1,500 Scholarship Named
For Former UBC Chancellor
A "little Rhodes Scholarship" honouring the late Chief Justice Sherwood
Lett has been established at the University of B.C.
Gifts of nearly $30,000 have been
contributed to an endowment fund
which will provide an annual award
of $1,500 to a student who displays
the all-around qualities of the former
Chancellor of UBC.
Dean Walter Gage, chairman of the
UBC awards committee, said the first
scholarship will be awarded this
spring. Closing date for nominations
is normally the end of February, but
for this year only the final date was
extended  a  further week.
"The late Chief Justice Lett was
himself a winner of the Rhodes Scholarship in 1919," Dean Gage said, "and
the basis for awarding the new UBC
scholarship will be the qualities which
Mr. Lett possessed — high scholastic
and literary attainments, physical vigour, moral force of character and
ability to serve, work with, and lead
He said these are the same qualities
looked for by the selection committee
which annually chooses a B.C. student
for the Rhodes Scholarship to Oxford
The scholarship will be open to both
Pharmacists to Develop
Poison Control Center
A $4,590 National Health Research
grant to develop a computerized poison control information system has
been made to the University of British
The grant will enable a research
team in UBC's faculty of pharmacy
to study and develop a method of data
processing which will lead to poison
information being available quickly
from a computer in the planned University hospital.
The research team under J. Glen
Moir, assistant professor of pharmacy,
will attempt to develop a computer
program which will give treatment information when told either the patient's symptoms or the name of the
poisonous  product.
When the UBC hospital's computer
is in operation it should be possible
for a hospital or physician in any part
of B.C. to phone or telex for treatment
information which would be available
in minutes.
Alternately, Mr. Moir said, the computer program could be made available for local use to any hospital having the necessary computer facilities.
The new grant arises out of a pharmacy faculty project developed in cooperation with the Health Branch, Department of Health Services and Hospital Insurance, of the provincial government. This initial project was designed to update and simplify information on poison control.
For the new computer project pertinent information on drugs, patent
medicines, household and agricultural
products, cosmetics, chemicals and
solvents would be collected and reviewed.
When adequate volumes of poison
control data are available experimental computer programs will be written, tested and analysed with a view
to selecting the best system for the
UBC Health Sciences Center and the
UBC  computer.
men or women graduate or undergraduate students who have attended
UBC for at least two full winter sessions and who rank academically in
the top quarter of the students in
his or her year and faculty.
Winners will be selected on the
basis of academic achievement, character and personal qualities, participation and achievement in student affairs,
and leadership and service to the
University or community.
Selection committee will consist of
Dean Gage, who will act as chairman,
President John B. Macdonald, and
representatives of the UBC Alumni
Association, Alma Mater Society and
the Graduate Students' Association.
Chief Justice Sherwood Lett, who
died in July, 1964, at the age of 68,
was described in the memorial minutes of the UBC Senate as UBC's
"most distinguished, graduate."
He was a member of the Senate
from 1924 to 1957; a member of the
Board of Governors from 1935 to 1940
and from 1951 to 1957, a recipient of
an honorary doctor of laws degree in
1945, and Chancellor of UBC from
1951 to 1957.
Mr. Lett began his university studies at the old McGill University College and continued at the new University of B.C. where he was elected
the first president of the Alma Mater
Society in   1915.
Together with his wife to be, Evelyn
Story, he drew up the first AMS constitution. He then enlisted in the Canadian army, and was awarded the
Military Cross while serving in France.
He received his bachelor of arts
degree in 1916 while on active service
and was awarded the Rhodes Scholarship in 1919 after returning to Canada.
At Oxford he took a BA in jurisprudence and returned to practice law
in Vancouver. He was three times
president of the UBC Alumni Association.
The Three Universities Capital
Fund has resumed active campaigning to raise the final $8 million of its
$28 million objective.
The Fund, which now stands at
nearly $20 million, has been in recess
since last September to allow United
Appeal campaigns to complete canvassing.
Co-chairman of the Universities appeal, Allan M. McGavin, who announced the resumption of canvassing, said that 2,480 gifts totalling $1,098,246 were received during
the inactive period.
Mr. McGavin said active canvassing
for the Fund, which was launched in
1964 to finance building projects at
B.C.'s three public universities, should
be  wrapped   up   by   June   15.
He added that the Fund would continue after this date and the campaign
committee   would   remain   active.
"We go on," he said, "until we
hit $28 million. We must. The fund is
only trying to keep pace with minimum building requirements of our
The $28 million being raised by the
Fund is part of a $68.7 million expansion program in progress at UBC,
University of Victoria and Simon
Fraser University.
The provincial government has
pledged a total of $40.7 million toward
the five-year building program.
1916 Grads
Laurier LaPierre, nationally-known
television personality, will be guest
speaker at the annual dinner meeting
of the UBC Alumni Association
May 11.
LaPierre, who is associate professor
of history and director of French Canada Studies at McGill University as
well as co-host of the CBC's public
affairs program "This Hour Has
Seven Days," will speak in the ballroom of the Hotel Vancouver after
the Association's annual meeting beginning at 6 p.m.
His topic is "Canada ... 1, 2, 3?"
He will describe the "melting pot"
concepts of Canadian society and explore the subject of cultural diversity.
Special guests at the meeting will
be graduates of McGill College, UBC's
forerunner, and the UBC class of 1916,
this year celebrating its fiftieth year
of graduation.
Tickets, at $5 per person, are available through the UBC Alumni Association office in Brock Hall, CAstle
Notice is hereby given that the
Annual Meeting of the Alumni
Association will be held at the
hour of 6:00 p.m. on Wednesday,
May 11, 1966, in the Ballroom
of the Hotel Vancouver, Vancouver,  B.C.
Two members of the Association may nominate persons for
the elective positions on the
Board of Management pursuant
to Section 8 of the By-Laws of
the Association. All nominations
must be accompanied by the
written consent of the nominee,
and be in the hands of the Director of the Alumni Association, 252 Brock Hall, at least
seven days before the date of
the Annual  Meeting.
VOLUME 12, No. 2 ^ y, t.     .- » =s /^
^ 3   1966
Reactions Don't Stop in Frcrt£fiBRi§&futions
A generally-accepted belief that
many chemical reactions slow
down or cease at low temperatures
has been disrupted by a University
of B.C. chemist.
Dr. Richard E. Pincock has
shown, in fact, that some kinds of
chemical reactions are actually
speeded up when solutions are
The studies are described by
Professor C. A. McDowell, head of
UBC's chemistry department, as
"outstandingly original in conception."
He said the experiments may
have far-reaching consequences not
only in chemistry, but in biochemistry and geochemistry as well.
Dr. Pincock's work, and that of
other scientists carrying out similar experiments, is relevant to such
things as the preservation of human tissues and organs, the storage
of foods, and the question of
whether life may exist (or even
originate on other planets) at low
temperatures during freezing conditions.
The underlying assumption involved in freezing is that chemical
reactions which take place at normal temperatures are either slowed
down or stopped completely.
"What we can say with certainty," says Dr. Pincock, "is that far
from ceasing, many chemical reactions may actually be speeded
up in the frozen state."
Named for
Music Bldg.
The Board of Governors has authorized the award of a $2,199,000 contract
for a new University of B. C. music
building to Burns & Dutton Construction Co., lowest of six bidders.
Construction is expected to start in
early summer. The building is the
third in the Norman MacKenzie Centre
for Fine Arts being developed at the
north end of the campus.
It will be the fifth construction project started in UBC's $30 million, five-
year building program, partly financed
by the Three Universities Fund which
resumed canvassing recently.
Other contributors to the music
building are the provincial government
and the Canada Council which has
granted   $600,000  for  this   project.
Though the building was listed by
the Three U's Fund in the summer of
1964 at $1.5 million, UBC Bursar William White said the contract price is
not out of line.
"The $1.5 estimate was made early
in the planning," he said. "Refinements
and special necessities which became
evident as planning progressed, and
the addition of underground parking
and storage space, have resulted in
today's cost."
The contract calls for 76,022 square
feet—58,465 finished and 17,557 unfinished.
Architects for the four-storey, air-
conditioned building, which will accomodate about 300 students, are
Gardiner, Thornton, Gathe & Associates.
The lower two floors will contain a
recital hall for chamber music performances seating 285 persons, a large
rehearsal hall for orchestra, wind ensembles and opera workshops, a small
choral rehearsal hall, practice rooms
and  administrative offices.
The upper two floors will have
about 30 teaching studios, theory and
music history lecture rooms, practice
rooms, a music library seating 100,
seminar and listening rooms and a student lounge.
When completed the department will
move from its present scattered accomodation in an old forest products
building, five army huts and a converted agronomy barn.
VOLUME 12, No. 2
Dr. Pincock has not undertaken
any studies of frozen foods or
tissues but he does feel that scientists involved in these areas will
have to alter their thinking radically on these subjects.
Dr. Pincock began his work on
frozen solutions in 1963 when he
was studying the mechanisms involved in the decomposition of an
organic peroxide called t-butyl-
peroxy-formate, which broke down
when heated to a temperature of
90 degrees centigrade.
Some solutions of the peroxide
were kept in a chemistry department refrigerator, and when removed for further experiments
were found to have decomposed.
"Not only had the peroxide decomposed but it had done so in a
much shorter time than would have
been the case if heated to 90 degrees centigrade," Dr. Pincock said.
"Chemically, this was a startling
result," said Dr. Pincock. "Since
then, however, we have confirmed
this result and noted it in several
other compounds."
More recently Dr. Pincock has
been concentrating on trying to explain why decomposition is speeded
up  when  solutions  are frozen.
He thinks he's found the answer.
It lies in the fact, which Dr.
Pincock has confirmed through a
complex analysis involving a technique known as nuclear magnetic
resonance, that even when solutions freeze, there remain microscopic areas of solution invisible
to the naked eye.
VIALS OF FROZEN solutions which have yielded some remarkable results
are  scrutinized  by Dr.   Richard Pincock,  left, and graduate student Thomas
Kiovsky.   UBC Extension photo.
$9 Million Budgeted for
Capital Construction
The University of B. C. has budgeted
$8,947,326 for capital construction and
campus improvement during the 1966-
67 fiscal year.
The Board of Governors has given
approval in principle to the program,
which covers the third year of UBC's
five-year, $30 million capital improvement program.
The 1966-67 program will be financed
almost entirely out of provincial construction grants and public contributions through the Three Universities
Capital Fund Campaign. It also includes $300,000 of a $600,000 Canada
Council grant toward a new music
building and $78,000 from the UBC
Development Fund of 1957-58.
Financing plans include borrowing
of $5 million, to be repaid from proceeds of the Three Universities Fund.
The borrowing has been authorized by
provincial order-in-council, as required
by the Universities Act of 1963.
The $8,947,326 program provides $7,-
088,254 for continuation and completion
of projects underway, which will bring
close to completion three major
projects undertaken during the summer of 1965; the forestry-agriculture
complex, facilities for the faculty of
dentistry, and a 3,000-seat replacement
It   provides   as   well   a   substantial
portion of the music building and for
continuing development of agricultural
and athletic fields.
The budget provides $1,227,318 for
new projects which are subject to
final scrutiny and approval. Among
them are a start on the building for
metallurgy and a major expansion of
the biological sciences building.
An amount of $403,000 for campus
development involves expansion of
roads, sewers, grounds and parking (a
net increase of 221 parking spaces).
Principal groupings of 1966-67 expenditures are listed in the box below.
forestry-agriculture, dentistry, music, replacement stadium
and field development            $7,088,254
metallurgy and biological sciences addition        1,227,318
roads, sewers, grounds, parking t          403,700
campus development and architect fees   84,000
VOLUME 12, No. 2
In these microscopic areas of
solution the chemical reactions necessary for decomposition can proceed faster because the components
of the reaction are concentrated.
"It's as though you put two reacting agents in an enormous
room," said Dr. Pincock. "Under
these conditions, which are analogous to the agents being in an
unfrozen solution, the chances of
a collision and a reaction are reduced.
"If, however, the agents are
brought together in a much smaller
volume, which is analogous to
freezing the solution, the reaction
takes place in a shorter time because of concentration."
So far Dr. Pincock's research
has concentrated on simple compounds, but this summer he plans
to extend his work to investigate
more complex reactions.
The scientific community, however, has already noted Dr. Pincock's work with interest. Every
week he receives requests for
copies of his research papers, many
of them from scientists who are
involved in such practical areas as
food technology.
Grants from the National Research Council and the Petroleum
Research Fund of the American
Chemical Society have aided Dr.
Pincock's work in the past. Recently he received additional support
from the United States Air Force
Office of Scientific Research.
Gift for
A gift of $100,000 in memory of the
late Alan H. Williamson has been
made to the Health Sciences Centre
at the University of British Columbia.
In making the gift, Mrs. Alan H.
Williamson, of 2008 South West Marine Drive, dedicated it to "research
and support, particularly in the early
detection and prevention of mental
deficiency in children."
Mr. and Mrs. Williamson shared a
long-standing interest in work in the
field of mental retardation among
UBC President John B. Macdonald
said, "This is an important gift and
will enable the University to accelerate its progress in relation to the
problems of the detection and prevention of mental deficiency in children."
Dean of Medicine John F. McCreary
said: "Impressive progress has been
made already in the new field of prevention of mental retardation. It has
been demonstrated that congenital defects of metabolism, when present at
birth, will lead to mental retardation
unless they are recognized early.
"In one group of cases, the failure
of the new born to digest and metabolize certain food elements produces
substances which are damaging to
brain tissue. If these patients can be
recognized early, and their diets
modified so that none of the potentially poisonous material is included,
mental retardation can be prevented.
"Pioneer work would indicate that
there may be many as yet undiscovered compounds which have similar
"Mrs. Williamson's gift will encourage and strengthen the research which
is already underway in this field at
the medical school of the University
of B.C."


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