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UBC Reports Feb 29, 1956

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FEBRUARY,  1956
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TWO-YEAR-OLD STONE CAIRN commemorates the G reat Trek, while several acres of cleared land and construction shacks hold the promise of the future for the 1451 students then attending classes at the young University of
British Columbia. Picture was taken from the top of the Chemistry Building in 1924. For later pictures from the
same point see pages three and four.
Medical  researcher
makes heart discovery
A University of British Columbia medical researcher, Dr. Paris
Constantinides, has climaxed five years of research with the discovery
of hitherto unknown properties of a chemical compound which may
lead to effective treatment of arteriosclerosis.
~ Dr. Constantinides, a 35-year-old
associate professor in the Anatomy
Department of UBC's Medical Faculty, reports that he has been able to
arrest the progression of arteriosclerosis in experimental rabbits and has
obtained very strong indications of
regression in the fatty material collecting inside the lining of the arteries,
despite continued feeding on the diet
that produced the arteriosclerosis.
The substances used by Dr. Con-
~ stantinides in these experiments —
sulfonated polysaccharides—were produced synthetically for the project by
the UBC Chemistry Department. One
compound of this family of sulfonated
Polysaccharides has proved very suc-
* v cessful in these experiments and further study of this family of chemical
compounds will be required to find
the most effective one, he said.
-*■       FINDINGS HOPEFUL
"Our findings provide an experimental basis that make it hopeful that
these fat splitting agents will be help
ful in treatment of those kinds of
arteriosclerosis that are caused by
high blood fat levels," he says.
"But before clinical trials in humans
are justified these compounds must be
modified and studied in detail for any
poisonous long range side effects," he
adds. He estimates that this will take
at least two or three years.
Dr. Constantinides was assisted in
this project over the past several years
by UBC students and qualified technicians. The University's animal nutrition department assisted in caring
for the large number of rabbits used
in the experiment.
Also closely connected with the
project was Arthur E. Werner of the
UBC Chemistry Department, who
conducted the chemical experiments
to produce the chemical compounds
Dr. Constantinides used in his study.
The project was undertaken with
funds supplied by the American Life
Insurance Foundation for Medical
Research and from the National Research Council.
Warning to
subscribers:
Do you wish to continue receiving this publication?
If you do, this is your second
last chance to fill in the form on
page four and return it to the
Information Office, University of
B.C.
Those who have already returned the form will continue to
receive UBC Reports, but anyone who hasn't returned a form
is advised to do so immediately
or his name will be removed
from the list after the next issue.
PLEASE RETURN FORM
Scholars work
to be students
There is a fine distinction in definition between "scholar" and "student",
"scholar", according to Webster,
stresses enrolment in a school; "student" is applicable to one who loves
to study.
Paying strict attention to these definitions the majority attending UBC
should be called "students". More
than 50% of the 6356 enrolled this
year have enough desire to learn that
they are working themselves through
college.
Of the 1536 first year "students",
528 are responsible for all expenses,
including room and board, as are
2499 of all other students.
Almost 2000 "students" are responsible for all expenses except board
and room and more than 1200 are
responsible for incidentals only. The
majority of these students "working
their way" depend upon-summer jobs,
but more than 1000 are also depending upon part-time jobs held throughout the academic sessions.
Enrolment doubling
15,000
students
by 1965
(See policy statement on page two)
UBC — faced with the immediate
challenge of doubling student enrolment in 10 years—is planning for the
biggest expansion in the history of
Canadian higher education.
All Canadian universities are being
faced with a similar challenge, but
the expansion will be more rapid in
British Columbia because of the rapid
growth of population in the province
and because a larger percentage of
young people attend university in
B. C. than in the rest of Canada.
Demands by industry and the professions for more and more trained
personnel and demands created by
the increasing population are expected
to result in a student population of
from 13,000 to 15,000 at UBC by
1965.   Present enrolment is 6300.
This prediction, made in a report
prepared by mathematics professor
Dr. S. A. Jennings for presentation
to the Gordon Commission on Canadian Economic Development, is considered conservative.
Based on studies recently published
by Dr. E. F. Sheffield, director, education division of the Dominion
Bureau of Statistics, it takes into
account present enrolment in public
and high schools, the birth rate and
the anticipated increase in the percentage of young people who will be
seeking higher education.
The report indicates that in addition to the problem of meeting the
demands of close to 15,000 students
10 years from now there is also a
national long range problem of providing educational facilities for a
student population which will be constantly increasing over the next 30
years.
By 1975 an estimated 26,200 students will be seeking higher education
in B. C. This total is expected to
increase to 37,000 by 1985.
At present 8.9 per cent of the 18-21
age group in B. C. attend University,
compared with the Canadian average
of 7.2 per cent. By 1965 the attendance percentage for.this age group is
expected to reach 11.3 per cent and
by 1985, 16.1 per cent.
These figures are still considerably
lower than the 1949-50 attendance
percentage of 19.3 per cent in U. S.
Universities.
President N. A. M. MacKenzie has
a two-pronged answer to this problem
of increasing enrolment.
"First," he says, "we must make a
determined effort within the next ten
years to provide adequate staff and
equipment for expensive University
faculties, schools and departments in
fields such as medicine, engineering,
forestry, law, architecture and others
which would be costly to duplicate.
"I think the provision of adequate
(Please turn to page three)
See ENROLMENT Page 2
U.B.C. REPORTS
FEBRUARY, 1956
U.B.C. REPORTS
Vol. 2, No. 3 Vancouver 8, B.C.
February, 1956
Ed Parker, editor Sheila Fraser, assistant
University Information Office
Authorized as second class mail, Post Office Department, Ottawa.   Published
bi-monthly  by the  University of British  Columbia  and  distributed free  of
charge to friends and graduates of the University.   Permission is granted for
the material appearing herein to be reprinted freely.
Obligations accepted
UBC Reports is now being mailed to all alumni and friends for
whom we have accurate addresses. Later this year it will go only
to those who have indicated interest through the questionnaire.
Needless to say, we hope that all of our readers have found this
publication of interest to them.
In extending the circulation to the alumni, the University has
accepted an obligation to keep its graduates informed about developments at UBC and in higher education in this Province. It recognizes
that its responsibility to its students does not end with their departure
from the campus.
But, frankly, there is self-interest involved in this decision as
well. The University needs the continuing support and goodwill
of its alumni.
We are not talking about money. We are talking about things
much more important — sympathy, understanding and intelligent
interest. The universities of Canada need well-informed friends every
bit as much as they need money.
We believe that the alumni will give this kind of support when the
facts are presented to them in a clear and factual manner. They are
the beneficiaries of higher education and recognize its importance in
our complex world.
Universities are even now facing problems in enrolment and costs
which may, in the next few years, assume the proportions of a crisis.
The solution of these problems will depend, in the final analysis,
upon an intelligent and informed public who support the principle
of education in a democratic community. The nucleus of such a
public is our growing body of alumni.
Music, drama, art
"Vancouver can now take its place beside Toronto as a foremost
Canadian cultural centre, and is certainly far ahead in regard to
internal activity and originality."
This comment was made by Lister Sinclair, Canadian scholar,
playwright and critic, when he was in Vancouver last month to take
part in the University's Shaw Festival.
Through such things as the Shaw Festival which had two completely sold out performances of the Canadian premiere of Shaw's
epic "Back to Methuselah" in the 1000-seat University auditorium,
the University is proud to be making its contribution to music, drama
and the arts in Vancouver.
But University people are quick to point out tha^ without the support of a large community ready and willing to support "culture",
University productions would wither on the vine.
A firm broad base of community supported music, drama and the
arts is considered by most University people essential to any institution of higher learning which is to be more than an advanced technical
or professional school.
This is one of the reasons why University administrators now
planning for the great increase in numbers of young people seeking
higher education in British Columbia are insistent in their belief that
before new universities or junior colleges are developed, the communities in which they are to be set should be culturally ready to
support them.
The University of B. C. is happy to be making its contribution
to the community through such productions as "Back to Methuselah"
of which Shaw himself said anyone would have to be "mad" to
attempt.
The UBC Summer School of the Arts outdoor production of
Euripides' "Trojan Women" or the extension department's evening
classes in glassblowing or Latin American and Chinese cooking are
other examples—the kinds of things that the University dares when
others won't attempt.
For making this possible, thank you, Vancouver.
University planning
for 30,000 students
By Dr. N. A. M. MacKenzie .
By 1985 there are likely to be more than 30,000 young men and
women in British Columbia seeking higher education. At least these
are the figures which emerge from a statistical forecast prepared by
the University for submission to the Gordon Commission on Canadian
Economic Development. This forecast was carefully prepared, based
on projections of the present birthrate, of the present school attendance rate, and on the projected percentage of the high school
population who will at that time be seeking higher education. All
these projections have been on the conservative side and it seems
likely that the forecast will become an actuality.
Such forecasts have to be undertaken for long-term planning. My
only quarrel with long-term forecasts
is that they tend to stun the imagination rather than challenge it.
I would like to take a middle range
view of the growth of our student
enrolment. ■ We can, I think, expect
with confidence that we will have
more than 10,000 students by 1964.
This is not too alarming, does not
stun, but rather stimulates, because
we have had 9400 students on the
campus in the years of greatest veteran enrolment, 1947-48. How are
we to plan for future enrolments?
What should be our attitude towards
sheer size? And what should be the
relation between standards and numbers? These are all questions about
which I feel at least partially competent to express an opinion, in relation to a university of between 10,000
and 15,000 students. The 30,000 will
come later.
I think the province should look
forward to equipping and staffing
adequately    the    existing    expensive
University faculties, schools and departments, in fields such as medicine,
engineering, forestry, law, architecture,
education, etc., which it is not likely
to want to duplicate. We must make
a determined effort within the next
ten years to see that these faculties,
schools and departments are well
staffed, adequately housed and supplied with the facilities and equipment that really first class professional
training requires. I think further that
we should make a great effort to see
that the present proportion of young
women who come to us from outside
the city of Vancouver are adequately <
housed, and that dormitory accommodation is also provided for a fair
percentage of the young men of the
province. I think further that the
development of the University Library,
and together with it, the development
of Graduate Studies and a research
programme adequate to serve the
needs of British Columbia culturally
and socially no less than scientifically
and industrially, should be undertaken.
JUNIOR COLLEGES LATER
When all this has been done, I
think we should prepare to consider
some measure of decentralization of
higher education. But we should not
undertake this, which is inevitably
much more expensive than the maintenance of one university, no matter
how large, until we feel assured that
the essential needs of the then existing
faculties, schools and departments are
being properly met and adequately
maintained. The question of decentralised higher education inevitably
involves considerations of control,
and it is my firm belief that there
should in the future be only one
University of British Columbia, with
only one governing board, no matter
what branches of the University exist
in what localities.
I would like to think that at the
proper time junior colleges might be
developed in centres of the province
which   have  in  themselves  adequate
cultural facilities to maintain a good
standard of higher education. This
will be more expensive than having
one institution, but it may be desirable both in the interests of the cultural development of the province,
and in order to avoid de-personalised
education at Point Grey.
The relationship between the size
of an institution and the impersonality
of the institution is a complex one.
Impersonality, the danger of the student losing his individual sense of
identity, is in my opinion more a
factor of the ratio of faculty to students and of the provision of human-
sized residence units, and of the
decentralized organization of the university itself, than it is of mere size
in itself. A small institution without
good facilities, without good teachers,
or without enough good teachers, is
certainly in no way better than a
large institution adequately organized
and adequately staffed.
ADEQUATE FACULTY-STUDENT RATIO
The University of British Columbia
was fortunate in its early years in
attracting to its service an exceptional
number of exceptionally well-qualified
and stimulating teachers. It has been
called upon by force of circumstances
to grow at what is to many—and to
me—a startling rate. Up to the present time, though startled, I have been
supported by the willingness of the
teaching staff and the total University
Community to meet the challenge of
the increasing numbers who have
come to us.
The problems of our immediate
growth are to my mind not such as
should stun the imagination. They
are problems which we can solve if
we receive the support that we need
to provide adequate academic facili- -^
ties, adequate housing, and above all,
an adequate ratio of faculty members
to students. Furthermore, if we can
in the next ten years solve these particular problems, and provide for a
University enrolment of between
12,000 and 15,000 students, I feel
quite confident that those who come ,
after us will meet the challenge of
providing for the 30,000 young men
and women in the province who will
want higher education in 30 years
time. But we must all be aware before we start the process of decentralization that decentralization itself^a
is something you have to pay extra
for, and we should know that the
province is willing to pay for it. FEBRUARY, 1956
U.B.C. REPORTS
Page 3
SEVEN-YEAR-OLD STONE CAIRN in a beautifully landscaped setting reminded the 2132 students of 1929 that
they had a worthy tradition to uphold. Modern buildings of a semi-permanent nature (still used to more than
Capacity) provided adequate accommodation. Picture was taken from the top of the Chemistry Building on
August 10, 1929.
Development fund sets
two records in 1955
The UBC Development Fund established two new records in its
1955 appeal, according to the final report issued by Kenneth P. Caple,
Chairman of the Trustees of the Fund.
Total of the 1955 appeal was
$79,500 contributed by 4700 donors,
3900 of them alumni and 750 friends,
companies and organizations.
Total direct contributions to the
Fund amounted to $76,448.27 as
compared with $50,201.20 in 1954.
Number of direct donors increased
from 2,860 in 1954 to 3226 in 1955. _
Other projects initiated by the Fund
directors but not included in the
audited Fund statements include two
company scholarship programs and
the Re-build the Brock appeal.
Most successful single campaign
in 1955 was that sponsored by the
joint Vancouver Rowing Club-UBC
committee which raised, through the
Fund, $24,000 to send the VRC-UBC
crew to Henley.
Chief beneficiary of unassigned
donations is the President's Fund
($17,000)-which Dr. N. A. M. MacKenzie uses to meet pressing current
needs. Another $3000 was allotted
to Alumni Regional Scholarships, providing 12 deserving first year students
with $250 scholarships. This was an
increase of two scholarships over last
year.
Contributions by friends, companies, and organizations added $10,890
for research and teaching purposes
and $8,844.20 for scholarships and
bursaries.
More than one-third of the total
raised came from personal contributions by individual graduates. They
includes $1000 Class of 1955 Memorial Loan Fund, $639.71 donated to
the Class of 1929 student assistance
fund, $820.15 toward construction of
the University's new Home Management House, and $106 contributed
by the Seattle branch of the alumni
association for scholarship purposes.
ENROLMENT
(Continued from page one)
dormitory ""accommodation, development of the library, graduate studies
and a research program adequate to
serve the needs of British Columbia
should be undertaken.
"When all this has been done, then
I think we should prepare to consider
some measure of decentralization of
higher education. I think that at the
proper time junior colleges might be
developed in centres of the province
which have adequate cultural facilities to maintain a good standard of
higher education."
Top administrative officials are
already drafting a master plan designed to meet this immediate upsurge
in enrolment with the necessary buildings, facilities, equipment and staff.
The University's planning, based on
the predicted doubling of enrolment,
calls for a substantial building program over the next ten years, in addition to the $10,000,000 which has
already been voted by the provincial
legislature.
The funds already granted are going
toward a new Arts building, a medical sciences centre on campus, student residences and essential operating
services.
In addition, however, forecasts point
to the need of building expansion for
commerce, biological sciences, the
library, chemistry, education, forestry,
law, agriculture, dentistry and music.
In addition to capital funds for
building expansion, an increased operating budget will be required to provide adequate facilities and enough
good teachers.
Subsidy available
for aggie courses
Funds are available to subsidize
travel expenses for those attending
the, extension department's agricultural short courses next month, agriculture supervisor Graham Drew has
announced.
Applications are still being received
for the Dairy Herd Management
Course from March 5 to 10 and the
Tractor Operation and Maintenance
Course March 12 to 23.
High school
Students
to visit
campus
A university graduate is a valuable
asset to any community.
With this in mind the faculty and
students of UBC are giving wholehearted support to a conference designed to acquaint high school
graduating students fro mall parts of
the province with all the resources
that the University has to offer.
The conference, which is being held
early in March this year, began in
1948 as a Teacher Training project
to interest more students in contin-
using their education. The first High
School Conference drew 52 delegates
from schools in the Lower Mainland.
It has now grown into a 200 delegate
conference inviting students from
every school in B. C. and in the
Yukon.
Organized by a student committee
on the campus, the conference strives
to provide the high school students
with as much information about the
University as possible.
The two-day program includes addresses by and discussions with faculty
and student leaders, sample lectures,
tours of the library and campus and
free time for the delegates to investigate UBC on their own.
COURSE PLANNING
Greatest emphasis during the conference is placed on discsusion of the
faculties for study at UBC: how one
can choose a suitable course, what
his qualifications must be and how he
can prepare himself for a specialized
field of study. Each delegate is expected to pass on this and other
knowledge he has gained from his
conference experience to his graduating fellows.
Top government economist
heads staff appointments
John J. Deutsch, who has been Assistant Deputy Minister in the
Federal Finance Department since January 1, 1953, and Secretary
of the Treasury Board since January 1, 1954, has been appointed
professor and head of the Department of Economics and Political
Science. He replaces Dean Henry F. Angus, who is retiring June 30
to take the post of chairman of the Public Utilities Commission.
Dr. Gordon M. Shrum, who has
been head of the Physics Department
since 1938 and is Director of the
B. C. Research Council, has been
appointed Dean of the Faculty of
Graduate Studies. From 1937 to
1953 Dr. Shrum was also Director of
the Extension Department; from 1937
to 1946 Officer Commanding of the
UBC Contingent Canadian Officers
Training Corps.
Dr. F. H. Soward, University historian, head of the History Department and Director of International
Studies, has been appointed Associate
Dean of Graduate Studies. Dr. Soward was special assistant to the Under
Secretary of State for External Affairs
from 1943 to 1946 and a visiting lecturer for the National Defence College in 1954.
Dr. Myron M. Weaver has resigned
as Dean of the Faculty of Medicine
for reasons of health. Dr. Weaver
will remain a teaching member of the
staff in medicine, while Dr. Rocke
Robertson,  head of the Department
of Surgery, continues as acting dean JOHN 3. DEUTSCH
until a new dean has been appointed.      • ... riches to rags? Page 4
U.B.C.  REPORTS
FEBRUARY, 1956
^fMSSSegsS J
m * ;,.i,
"**%«   SIP*"
STONE CAIRN, now 34 years old, gives dignity and sense of permanence to the rapidly expanding University
from its central location on the Main Mall. But in 1956, with a University not large enough to properly accommodate the present 6300 students and increases to 15,000 students by 1965, construction shacks have again appeared
on the scene (see lower left corner). Under construction in the left foreground is the new bookstore, post office,
cafeteria and bus stop.
Fraser river fish-hydro
studies start at UBC
The University of B.C. has started two major surveys of Fraser
River fish and power problems, President Norman A. M. MacKenzie
has announced.
The studies, the first of a general
review of the over-all problem and
the second a technical survey of present knowledge about the problem, are
part of the University's Fraser River
Hydro and Fisheries Research Project financed by a $50,000 grant from
the B. C. Power Corporation, parent
of B. C. Electric.
Dr. Gordon M. Shrum, newly appointed Dean of Graduate Studies,
has been appointed chairman of three
committees, an executive committee,
an advisory committee and a technical
committee, supervising the projects.
Dr. Peter Larkin, head of UBC's
Institute of Fisheries and former chief
fisheries biologist for the B. C. Game
Commission, is in charge of the first
general survey which is expected to
be completed May 1.
The surveys have been planned to
bring present knowledge on the fish-
power question to a sharp focus and
indicate where there is need for further specific research.
Bureau spans
prison walls
Even if your place of residence is
B.C. Penitentiary, you can't escape
the province-wide educational services
of the University's extension department.
The department operates a province-
wide "Speakers' Bureau" sponsoring
lecture series in Victoria, New Westminster, Nanaimo, Chilliwack, Ab-
botsford and the B. C. Penitentiary.
A new program, Community Forum,
was recently initiated by the same department. Under its sponsorship community organizations throughout the
province, such as Parent-Teachers'
Associations, service clubs, women's
organizations, United Nations Associations and local schools, have the
opportunity of having, as guest lecturer, various members of the faculty.
Radio society
brings digest
University Radio and Television
Society, a group set- up in the late
1930's to promote UBC through the
medium of radio, has expanded activities to a new high this year.
Aside from on campus broadcasting, the group promotes UBC activities by furnishing electrical transcriptions to Vancouver radio stations, by
assisting with football broadcasts over
CKWX, by assisting CBUT in the
televising of the basketballing Thunderbirds' home games, and by helping
out in a score of minor jobs.
This year, as in the past four years,
the greatest undertaking of URS is
furnishing some thirteen radio stations
from Ketchikan, Alaska, to Vancouver with the weekly program "UBC
DIGEST", a 15-minute series designed
to bring British Columbia up tp date,
with Varsity activities.
Basketball
Birds aim
for trip to
Olympics
University of B.C. basketball Thunderbirds are setting their sights on the
1956 Olympic Games at Melbourne,
Australia.
Sparked by Evergreen conference
all-star John McLeod, the Birds have
turned in one of the best seasons of
inter-collegiate competition in the conference and have shown enough potential to make them a real threat in the
forthcoming Olympic basketball trials.
Birds have been selected one of the
four teams in the B. C. Olympic playoffs, along with present Canadian*
championship holders Alberni Athletics and the top two teams of the
Vancouver City Senior A League.
Playoff games are scheduled for February 17, 18, 24 and 25, with the final
games planned for UBC's Memorial
Gymnasium March 2 and 3.
Winning team of this series will
form the nucleus of the B. C. contender for Olympic honors but will be
allowed to strengthen with key players from other B. C. teams. Under
this arrangement the Thunderbirds are
almost certain to place at least some
players on the provincial team.
The British Columbia basketball
team will meet the remaining top
three Canadian teams after a series
of national eliminations in the Canadian championship finals at UBC's
Memorial Gymnasium March 23-28.
UBC basketballers are not new
threats in top Canadian competition,
already having three Canadian championships to their credit.
Previous Thunderbird teams winning Canadian championships were
the 1940-41 squad, 1936-37, and
1930-31.
Key man on the present UBC team,
rated the best since the 1940-41 squad,
is six-foot five-inch forward John
McLeod.
Presently setting UBC basketball
scoring records in league play, he has
turned in a 19.2 point per game average in the first 16 games of the 18-
game schedule, including a 41-point
game at home against Central Washington and a 31-point away game
against league leading.. Pacific- Luth—^
eran.
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