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Nursing Today Apr 1, 1983

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 NURSING   TODAY
FROM THE DIRECTOR
I was pleased to be invited to
the graduation banquet in March and to
have the opportunity for a brief
address    to    the    graduates. What
follows are some excerpts from my talk
that seem appropriate for the final
issue of Nursing Today for this year.
Also included in this issue is the
valedictory address given by Cheryl
Campbell at the banquet, an address we
found very meaningful and felt should
have a wider distribution.
I shall begin by affirming
unequivocally my belief in baccalaureate education for nursing and in this
program. I do not suggest that perfection has been achieved in either,
but I submit that we are working at it
and addressing concerns and questions
in appropriate ways.
It is not always easy to be a
student in or a graduate of a baccalaureate program. The reasons for this
are many and some of them tell a great
deal about where nursing is today and
why. First of all, a baccalaureate
program in nursing requires a great
deal of commitment in time and energy.
It is not easy to juggle clinical
experience and campus courses and to
travel long distances for clinical
work. It is not easy to cope with the
fact that there is so much to be
learned and the belief and fear that
there is absolutely not enough time to
do so. It is not easy to be told when
seeking employment that more experience
is needed and yet to discover so few
agencies able and willing to provide
opportunities for the experience. It
is not easy to feel such a constant
need   to   explain   and   defend
baccalaureate education in nursing.
I believe that the outcome is
worth it and I hope you share or will
come to share my conviction.   You may
have to explain, but you should never
apologize for your nursing education.
A university is not a trade or
technical school and we must strongly
resist  attempts  to  make  it  so.
I suggest that whatever the model
used or the particular curriculum plan
adopted, the basic elements of a baccalaureate education in nursing are
those of university education in general. I hope that the UBC School of
Nursing will continue to support and
strive for that kind of program.
I said that I wished to speak a
bit about nursing.   In particular, I
want to address the image of nursing
because I believe this to be one of the
major deterrents to the development of
the strength and power which are potentially ours.
We have a profession composed
largely of women with a variety of
patterns of basic and post-basic education, lack of clarity of levels of
practice based on that education, and
an ideological split between those who
educate nurses and those who employ
them. We do not project one image,
but many. Often the images are contradictory rather than complementary.
We do not speak with one voice for
nursing, but with a chorus of voices
that do not always blend well.
Despite our large numbers, our image is
not that of a powerful profession,
secure in the knowledge that its role
in the health care system is unique and
irreplaceable. Instead, we reflect
fragmentation, uncertainty, and power-
lessness. We desperately need to "get
our act together," agree upon what will
School of Nursing
University of British Columbia
Vancouver, B.C. V6T 1W5
Glennis Zilm, editor for
Vol. 4, No. 6
April 1983 constitute education for professional
practice, define the levels of practice
and project numbers required at the
several levels, and, above all, begin
to speak and act in concert.
Clarification for ourselves of the
image we wish to project and concerted
action to promote it can only help to
enhance the image of nursing in the
view of the several publics with which
nursing relates. The image of nursing
as a profession in disarray and unable,
therefore, to come to grips with a
changing health care scene and
nursing's place within it does not
serve us well. We must establish very
clearly for ourselves and for our publics the unique and autonomous role of
nursing in the system.
In many respects, this is both the
"best of times and the worst of times"
for nursing. As a profession, we have
taken a position supporting the baccalaureate degree as basic preparation
for entry to practice and are moving to
identify issues and strategies for
implementing the position. Other
groups are also reviewing the issue and
preparing to take positions which may
not necessarily be the same as ours
nor,  indeed,  in  support  of  ours.
Obviously the resolution, to some
extent, lies with all of us and the
degree to which we are able to project
a clear image of what we believe
nursing should and could be, to speak
with a united voice, and to act in
concert to present our case.
I believe that a new generation of
nurses is emerging, nurses who are
creative rather than conforming,
initiating rather than reacting,
assertive rather than passive. They
are change agents rather than change
retardants, political activists rather
than political victims, independent
rather than dependent. I hope that
among our graduates are many of the
leaders and future wielders of power
in nursing and health care.
Marilyn D. Willman
QUOTE
"All you have to do is keep your curriculum stationary
for the next 30 years, and you'll lead the next
revolution."
John F. Chapman
Dean of Medicine
Vanderbilt.
**********
NEWS ITEMS
TEN NURSING FACULTY
RECEIVE HSS RESEARCH GRANTS
Ten members of the UBC Nursing
faculty received Humanities and Social
Sciences Research Grants in April.  The
awards range from $350 to $1,500 and
total $7,950.
The recipients of the awards and the
titles of the proposals are:
DR. JOAN ANDERSON - "Women and Work:
Black Working Class Immigrant Women
in Canada."
CLARISSA P. GREEN - "Working Women's
Health Survey - Phase II."
ERTA HEWAT - "A Comparison of Nursing
Interventions  for  Reducing  Nipple
Pain in Breastfeeding Women."
DANIEL C. JONES - "Head Nurse and Field
Guide Perceptions of Undergraduate
Nursing Students in the Clinical
Setting."
JANET KNOX - "Father's Perceptions of
Their Hospital-Related Stress When
the Child is Hospitalized with
Cancer."
JUDY LYNAM - "An Exploration of Communication Patterns of Groups of Adolescents in a Residental Center."
JUDY MOGAN - "Validation of an Effective
Tool for Clinical Teacher Effectiveness ."
MAUREEN MURPHY - "Compliance to Care:  !
The Nurse's and the Patient's Perspectives."
LINDA ROSE - "Group Support for the
Families of Psychiatric Inpatients."
SHELAGH SMITH - "A Descriptive Study of
Patients Having Cataract Surgery in a
Day Care Facility."
* * * *
CAUSN PROGRAM FULL AND VARIED .
Those attending the Learned Societies Canadian Association of University
Schools of Nursing Meeting June 1-3 will
have a busy schedule for events, reports
CAUSN Conference Chairperson Pat Valentine
"The program for the meetings is in
the final stages and participants have a
wide variety of social events included in
their conference fees as well as the
-2- program for the CAUSN Conference and
Meeting, " she told Nursing Today. We
hope UBC faculty and local CAUSN members
are making arrangements to attend all the
extras as well as the full conference
program."
The CAUSN Council Meeting, scheduled
for Wednesday, June 1, has had to be extended by the Executive Committee because
of the press of business, she said. Instead of starting at 1 pm, the annual
meeting sessions now will begin at 9 am.
Of particular interest on the agenda
will be the discussion on the Accreditation Program for University Schools, she
said.
On the Wednesday evening, registration for the conference part of the
program, "Fashioning the Future," will be
held. The registration table will be
set up in the Faculty Club at a special
reception for delegates.
This social event, set for 8 pm,
will include wine and cheese and desserts
catered by the Faculty Club, Prof.
Valentine said.
The official opening of the conference, on Thursday, June 2, includes
opening remarks on university nursing's
role by various guests; this is set for
9 am. The keynote address by Verna
Splane, former principal nursing officer
for Canada and an internationally-known
nursing consultant and speaker, will
begin at 10:30 am.
During the lunch breaks and at the
end of each afternoon session on Thursday
and Friday, Nursing faculty will take
delegates on tours of the School of
Nursing, and to special areas of the
Campus, such as the Museum of Anthropology and Botanical Gardens.
The first session on Thursday afternoon is an address on "Evidence of a
Paradigm Shift in the Development of
Nursing Theory," by Myrtle Crawford,
Professor, College of Nursing, University
of Saskatchewan. The response to the
paper will be given by Dr. Margaret
Campbell, Professor, UBC School of
Nursing.
At 3:30 pm, Dr. Nora Parker, Professor, and Chairman, Graduate Department, University of Toronto, Faculty of
Nursing, will speak on "The Pyramid of
Nursing Education." The response to
the paper will be given by Dr. Marilyn
Willman, Director of the UBC School of
Nursing.
From 5-6:30 pm each day CAUSN delegates will join delegates to the 69 other
Learned Societies meeting on Camp- us for
"Happy Hour" in the SUB.
Evenings are left free for delegates to meet friends on campus or to
join other activities planned by Learned
Societies, such as tours of Vancouver's
Gastown and Chinatown districts.
On Friday, June 3, conference participants can join one of four special
"breakfast sessions" being held in the
Faculty Club. These sessions, each
hosted by a UBC Nursing faculty member,
will discuss issues related to "Women and
Health," "Entry to Practice," "Clinical
Evaluation " or "Nursing Diagnosis."
The 9.am conference session Friday
will hear a paper on "Developing First
Line Nurse Leaders,"by Jenniece Larsen,
Georgina Fysh and Sonia Accord, all of
the University of Alberta Faculty of
Nursing. The response to this paper will
be given by Bernadette Ratsoy, Vice-
President, Nursing, St. Paul's Hospital,
Vancouver.
The 10:30 session will focus on
"Implementation Stratagies and the
Nursing Program," by Dr. Isobel Dawson-
Roncari, Associate Professor, University
of Victoria School of Nursing. The
response will be given by Dr. Kathleen
Simpson, UBC Nursing faculty.
The 11:30 am session will have a
paper on "Use of Self Directed Learning
in Post RN Education," by Joanne L. Olson
and Alfreda A. E. Kartha of the Faculty
of Nursing, University of Western Ontario.
The response will be given by Olive
Simpson, Director of UBC Nursing's
."Outreach Program."
"Those attending the CAUSN sessions
are also eligible to attend any other
"open" events at the Learned Societies
meetings, including a tour of UBC Press
facilities, visits to the UBC library
special displays and so on," Prof. Valentine said. Educational publishers will
be having displays on campus and meetings
with potential authors. Many other
meetings will be open to those who have
paid the basic Learned Societies fee.
Anyone who has not yet registered
and would like further information should
contact Prof. Valentine at 228-7496.
-3- STUDENT NURSE HEADS
PRIVATE HOSPITAL
Patricia Tracy has just completed
the second year of the nursing program
at UBC, but she is also owner and
administrator of her own private hospital.
In fact, she's the owner-operator
of the first private hospital in B.C.
to join the B.C. Health Association.
Mrs. Tracy has owned Braddan Private Hospital, a 44-bed extended care
facility in Vancouver, for five years.
She had previously worked in the
admitting office of St. Vincent's
Hospital while studying psychology at
UBC. After she received her degree,
she remained full time at St. Vincent's but also enrolled in a two-year
certificate course in Health Care
Administration given by correspondence
through the University of Saskatchewan.
She developed a strong interest in
care of the elderly and elected to buy
Braddan Hospital to try to develop a
more modern approach to nursing care
for the elderly.
After several years at Braddan,
she decided she would be better able to
understand the needs of patients and
staff if she had a nursing background
and enrolled in the BSN program.
Mrs. Tracy has several goals including accreditation for her hospital
and a greater integration of all levels
of care in the health care system.
LEARNING CENTRE NEWS
Dorothy Conklin and Lorraine Watson
of the Nursing faculty of the University of Calgary visited the Learning
Centre in March to examine the UBC facilities for ideas. The Calgary Faculty
of Nursing has plans to expand its
learning centre areas to provide more
space and opportunities for pychomotor
skills practice in the laboratory setting.
Prof. Conklin also met with Mark
Starr, June Prenty and the Learning
Centre faculty to discuss progress being
made at the University of Calgary on the
use of computers in nursing education.
A recent paper on computer assisted
instruction by D. Conklin and K. Hannah
now is available for loan in the Learning Centre.
***
Interest has been shown in the
sharing of learning centre facilities and
materials between schools of nursing in
Vancouver. At the end of March, representatives from Douglas College, the
Vancouver General Hospital School of
Nursing, the Vancouver Community College
-Langara and the UBC Learning Centre met
to discuss the feasibility of organizing
an ongoing interschool lab committee.
Anyone interested in more information, or in taking part in plans for
such a committee should get in touch
with Cheryl Entwistle.
***
Learning Centre staff are organizing plans for the School of Nursing's
participation on the 1983 UBC "Travelling Open House" to be held in Cran-
brook May 5-7. Each year, UBC holds a
"mini-Open House" in a centre outside
the Lower Mainland to help promote the
University. Jan Walker and Judy Oliver
will be attending, assisted by Judy
Deatrich and students Daphne Covernton
and Cheryl Henry.
Cheryl Entwistle
Learning Centre Coordinator
MSN THESES
Five candidates for the Master of
Science in Nursing degree have completed
their     thesis     requirements. The
following abstracts describe the thrust
of each study. For more informations
please get in touch with the author.
Theses are available on loan through the
School of Nursing.
The Clinical Nurse Specialist
in British Columbia
by
Shirley Ann Lilly Halliday
A lack of clarity concerning a description of the role of the clinical
nurse specialist in Canadian nursing was
the problem addressed in this thesis. A
role enactment view of the role theory
and reported research findings about what
clinical nurse specialists actually do
were utilized as a framework for study. A* questionnaire was developed and a mail
survey was conducted with a self-identified group of 147 clinical nurse
specialists in British Columbia. Both
descriptive analysis and analyses of
relationships among variables were
carried out.
Generally speaking it was found that
there is still a lack of clarity about
the role of the clinical nurse specialist in British Columbia; the primary
means by which an individual nurse becomes a clinical nurse specialist in
British Colmbia is through experience in
the system; a description of the role
articulated in America nursing literature by Aradine and Denyes (1972) does not
fit the description reported by the
subjects; and statistically significant
relationships exist among some of the
variables examined and estimates of
weekly work time reported by the subjects. The findings suggest there is a
need for nursing leaders in the areas of
education and service to work together on
issues concerning the role of the clinical nurse specialist in Canada.
The Experiences of Patients who Elope
From Psychiatric Units:
A Qualitative Study
by
Ratherine Mclndoe
This study is designed to investigate how psychiatric patients explain
their elopement from hospital. A limited
amount is known about elopement and the
available literature is written from the
perspective of the caretaker.
The study was qualitative in design.
Indepth interviews were conducted with
five patients when they returned to the
hospital following elopements. The data
from these interviews were analyzed using
content analysis and from this analysis
conceptual themes were constructed. The
concept of alienation was utilized to
explain the accounts of the patients.
The patients in the study experienced a
loss of control over their entry into
hospital, over their treatment and program, and over events directly linked to
their elopements. The programs and
treatments were frequently viewed as
meaningless or not making sense. Elopement was viewed as a positive event by
each of the patients because it provided
an opportunity for some control and some
freedom.
The interdependence between the
patients' subjective experiences and the
objective organization of the hospital
was examined. It was explained that,
because of their placement in the hierarchy of the hospital, patients often
feel powerless to affect what is occurring. Moreover, the patients in this
study felt they were not informed about
the rationales for decisions made about
them. It was argued that, although
nurses believe they are addressing the
concerns of patients, this did not occur
for the people in this study.
Implications for nursing practice,
education and research concluded this
study.
Postnatal Guidance
And Maternal Confidence
by
Phyllis Margaret Pullen
This quasi-experimental study was
undertaken to evaluate the effect of a
"success-oriented" interview technique,
used at child health conferences, on new
mother confidence. The interview was
constructed to focus on successes in
infant care-giving rather than on problems. A non-equivalent pretest-post-
test questionnaire, on "confidence measure," was used to gather data.
The subjects were 34 primiparous
women with healthy babies from intact
family situations; 16 mothers, recruited
at child health conferences in one health
unit area, formed the control group and
18 mothers formed the experimental
group.
The experimental group received the
special interview; control group subjects
had only the regular child health conference. All subjects filled in the
questionnaire before the first child
health conference when the infant was two
months old and again after the second
child health conference when the infant
was four months old.
Statistical analyses comparing the
pretest and post-test scores for both
groups indicated no significant difference betweeen the two groups on the pretest or the post-test scores. Maternal
confidence, in both groups, as indicated by the confidence measure, did increase
significantly over the two-month period.
This was not related to a specific nursing interview technique. Implications
for nursing practice are discussed and
recommendations made for further
research.
The Experience of Hospitalization
For Parents of a Chronically 111 Child:
An Interpretive Study
by
Carole Anne Robinson
This interpretive study was designed
to elicit parents' perceptions of their
chronically ill children's hospitalizations for the purpose of: clarifying the
meaning of hospitalization within the
context of chronic illness in families
having a child with chronic disease; and
determining interventions which may make
hospitalization episodes more positive.
Data were collected through indepth
interviews with nine parents from six
families having hospitalized, chronically ill children. A semi-structured
guide of questions was used for the
initial interviews. Additional questions were generated by the data itself;
this enabled the researcher to construct
accounts with the participants that
addressed and explained their perspectives. An analytic framework of concepts, categories and themes which represents the parents' perspective was
developed through constant comparative
analysis of the accounts.
The parents explained hospitalization, a facet of their long-term illness
experiences, in relation to the themes
of: acquiring information necessary to
their understanding, controlling aspects
of the experience for the ill child and
for themselves, and relationships within the bureaucratic setting. Little has
been written about hospitalization within the context of chronic childhood illnesses; however, related research studies
were used for discussion purposes. It
is apparent that the concerns the participants described are representative of
the illness experience rather than solely
associated with hospitalization.
The data reveal that parents have a
unique perspective about hospitalization
and the children's illnesses which is
based on their experiences with illness
and their unique understanding of chron-
icity. One can also conclude that
parents have some common areas of concern during times of hospitalization
which are useful guides for assessment.
In terms of nursing practice, this implies that the parent's unique perspective must be elicited before mutually
satifying care can be negotiated. The
implications for future research in the
area relate to studies that will enhance
nurses' understanding of clients' perspective.
Interpersonal Trust and Group
Psychotherapy: An Outcome Study
by
Paula Mary Tognazzini
This study examined the effects of
an intensive group psychotherapy program
on selected patients' interpersonal trust
as measured by the Interpersonal Trust
Scale. A review of the literature indicated that interpersonal trust was a
multifarious construct that needed to be
further developed and understood.
This study used a quasi-experimental control group design. Data were
obtained from 20 patients who had been
referred to an intensive group psychotherapy program. Ten patients who completed this program were assigned to the
experimental group and 10 patients who
did not enter the program were assigned
to the control group. The Interpersonal Trust Scale was given to all the
patients at the time of assessment and
six to eight weeks later.
The data were analyzed using
non-parametric statistics. The results
indicated that the group psychotherapy
program had no statistically significant
effect on selected patients' interpersonal trust as measured by the Interpersonal Trust Scale.
A discussion of the findings and
recommendations for further study are
included.
* * * *
NOTE
The deadline for submissions of
articles for the special refereed issue
of The Canadian Nurse is September 1,
1983. For further information, see page
16 of the March issue of The Canadian
Nurse. VALEDICTORY 1983
As our university careers draw
to an end, we roust look back and
assess the knowledge and
experiences accumulated during the
last two or four— and in some
cases eight — years at UBC. When
we first came, and stood for hours
in those foreboding, ominous
registration line-ups, we all had
some ideas, some expectations of
what we wanted to get out of our
time at university. Now, after
investing thousands of hours in
time, and several hundred dollars
in photocopying, it is time to ask
exactly what we did get.
During the years we have
learned many things. Some were
immensely important, such as the
administration of blood products;
some interesting, such as the
research activities of faculty;
some, once carefully memorized,
such as the definition of
trichotillomania (which is the
unnatural impulse to pull out one's
hair), now seem merely humorous.
More importantly, we have
learned how to learn. Our class
was once satisfied with knowing all
the minute facts and memorizing
every line of every transparency
ever produced. Now we are not
tempted to settle for "what," but
have become "why-seekers"
whether it is why we should put
carpets into extended care
facilities or why we should not
wear caps. This is important, for
when we leave UBC in a few weeks,
we will be freshmen again — out
getting our first, or a new, job,
achieving and holding professional
status, beginning new episodes in
life where we must constantly learn
new things.
During our years in nursing,
we have probably gained the
greatest insights into ourselves
and our environments. After
exposure to the UBC Model, could we
ever think of people and ourselves
in quite the same way again? We've
watched ourselves and others
transform from a group of rather
quiet, withdrawn, complacent,
scared individuals into an
assertive, responsive, responsible,
supportive group, with even
enhanced individuality. We've
become more self-assured, more
self-aware, more reflective, more
accepting. Slowly, we have evolved
into more mature individuals and a
more cohesive and unique body.
We have also developed the
habit of excellence through planned
exposure to excellence in our
classes and clinical experiences.
We know what excellence is not only
just from such exposure and
osmosis, but also from trying to
achieve it and trying to understand
how it is achieved. I think our
efforts in projects, at Open House,
in Nursing Week, on NUS Council and
in CUNSA have shown this.
We have also collected a
wealth of priceless memories. Who
can ever forget that first
encounter with the first patient in
extended care, when it took all day
to do what an aide took five
minutes to do....
We have developed special
friends who will always be close to
us, even if they are in beautiful
downtown Bella Coola and we are in
the balmy climes of Chetwynd....
Our class is unique in
character. I think we have all
felt this at some time in some way.
Remember how we fought the label of
"guinea pigs" at first? Our
frustrations and fears at that time
were expressed as complaints and
also as some attempts at
constructive change.
But we fought hard for what we
wanted.  And we grew together.
We were enriched in third
year, even though we did not
realize it so much at the time,
with the addition of the RNs. At
first we were all afraid, afraid we
would not measure up. Then we gave
one another a chance, and found
that we could share and accept one
another. Now, after two years
together — two years of common pain and triumph, sorrow and joy —
we have come to cooperate, and
integrate, and truly feel part of
each other. Sometimes we still
have our differences; that, too, is
good, for it is only these kind of
relationships that grow....
We are lucky to be in this
group, in this program and in this
profession just being born, for the
most precious privilege an
individual can have is to share in
the making of a great enterprise.
It is never any fun joining a
project already made. It is the
frontiers that are important and
that are capable of shaping people.
We have been frontiersmen and as
such have already faced some hard
questions and problems. We will
face more in the future.
We must think of such problems
as nuts that are very tough to
crack. If we realize a nut is hard
to crack then we face two dangerous
courses: One is that we will throw
the nut away, the other is that we
will pretend we have cracked it.
Instead, we must hold that nut and
attempt to invent the implement
that will crack it, because it is
what is inside that really counts.
I believe our years here have
been like that nut. It was hard to
solve the problems we encountered
with the program and with each
other and with the profession. But
not one of us has thrown away that
nut or said that it was cracked
before we had tried. We used our
strengths and energies to get to
this point, through all that hard
work. We invented our way out of
the "nut" of UBC Nursing. It gives
me hope that we will be just as
good nut crackers with the
profession we are entering.
As we look back fondly at our
time at UBC and prepare to leave,
we must thank many people:
Dr. Willman for her uplifting
speech; for having faith in us that
we would get through; for
continuing to tell us that we would
not fail the RN exams; for always
responding to our concerns; for
being tough enough to insist we
learn all those things we hated but
will probably need most once we are
out on our own.
The faculty for giving us a
wide variety of opportunities; for
doing their best to provide us with
an exciting program and nursing
electives; for being role models
and risk takers, such as Alison
Rice or Elaine Carty; for showing
us management at its best, and
perhaps at times at its worst; for
giving us a chance to assume
responsibility; for sharing their
knowledge and ideas; for
encouraging us to question and
identify flaws in the systems in
which we operate; for reassuring us
that we never have to apologize for
being BSNs and UBC grads, even when
other schools make jokes about us;
for putting up with us when times
were rough; for being good sports
and good drinkers at the Spring
Banquet. We must also remember
Sheena Davidson and the inspiration
and encouragement that she gave
many of us. It takes special
people to spend time and effort in
educating restless, inquiring young
people like those in our class and
we respect and are grateful for
their help.
Our fellow students in lower
years for contributing to the
character of our School and for
giving us a living picture of what
we were once like. Those who went
before us for their encouragement
that we too would make it to this
day....
As we start to say our
goodbyes to our life at UBC and
leave its comfortable nest, we must
remember that it is where we are
going that is important, not where
we are. It is what we can try to
do with our lives that is
important, not what we are at this
precise moment.
And so it is with great
fondness and nostalgia for o the
past, but also with great excitment
for the future, that we are
assembled here to say goodbye.
— Cheryl Campbell
March 26, 1983 FACULTY NEWS
DR. JOAN ANDERSON presented a paper
in mid-March on "Utilization of Health
Care Services by Immigrants in Canada" to
the annual meeting of the Society for
Applied Anthroplogy in San Francisco.
About 50 social scientists from across
North America were in the audience for
her presentation. Dr. Anderson also has
been asked to continue to serve on the
review board of Nursing Papers for
another two-year term.
ADA BUTLER presented a six-session
program on "Managing Stress: Preventing
Burnout" on the Knowledge Network April
29 to May 3, 1983. The program was
offered through UBC Continuing Nursing
Education for nurses throughout the province. The program also attracted a lot
of interest from lay viewers.
CONNIE CANAM has taken over a position previously held by ROBERTA HEWAT on
the Committee on Teenage Pregnancy under
the Social Planning and Review Council
(SPARC) of B.C.
ELAINE CARTY and ROBERTA HEWAT have
been invited to present papers at the
Canadian Conference of the International
Childbirth Educators' Association in
Calgary in September. Prof. Carty will
be speaking on midwifery and Prof. Hewat
on her recent research in breast
feeding.
Eight School of Nursing faculty
members participated in a most successful workshop on "Perspectives in Research
for Nursing Practice" April 16. The
workshop was sponsored by the Nursing
Research Interest Group of the Registered
Nurses Association of B.C. Thirty-two
persons attended. Members of the Planing committee included JUDY DEATRICH,
SUZANNE FLANNERY, DAN JONES, MARGARET
KLINGER, KATHLEEN SIMPSON, PAM THOMPSON
and NANCY WELLS.
Dr. Simpson opened the meeting with
an excellent overview of "Steps in the
Research Process," and Shelagh Smith
ably outlined various sampling techniques. Prof. Jones and Instructors
Flannery and Klinger acted as facilitat
ors during small group critiques of research papers selected for discussion.
NANCY WELLS summarized the events of the
day.
KAREN FINESTONE was elected by acclamation as the District 1 Director of
the Registered Nurses'Association of B.C.
and took office at the RNABC annual
meeting.
CLARISSA GREEN'S study on Working
Women's Health Care Needs has received a
lot of media attention this Spring. On
March 13, an article on the study
appeared in The Province, on March 23,
she was interviewed by Gail Holnuk on CBC
Radio's Good Morning Show and on April
12 was interviewed on the Vancouver
Morning Show on CBUT Television. As
well, she gave a presentation on the
results of the first phase of the study
to the Women's Network meeting on March
23.
LEE HEARN is requesting leave from
faculty next year to work on her PhD at
Tufts University in Boston. She would
also be working with Dr. T. Berry
Brazelton's group at the Child Development Unit at Harvard University. As
well, she has been asked to present a
paper in June at the Canadian Lung Association National Conference in Halifax.
ROBERTA HEWAT will be presenting a
paper on "The Breastfeeding Experience:
Women's Perceptions Give Directions for
Practice" at the Sigma Theta Tau International Conference in Nursing Research
in Madrid, Spain, in July. As well,
Prof Hewat moves from vice-president of
the Board of Directors of the Vancouver
Childbirth Association to the position of
president in May.
An honorary life membership was
presented to BETH McCANN at the annual
meeting of the Nurse Administrators'
Association of British Columbia at the
group's annual meeting in Vancouver in
April.
MARILYN MARDIROS provided inservice
sessions or acted as a resource person at
local agencies in March. She spoke on
"Interviewing   families   and   marital couples in the acute care setting" and on
"Factors influencing the parents of a
handicapped child" at St. Vincent's Hospital and gave a talk to a parents' group
on "Maternal stressors influencing the
parenting of a child having a disability"
at Sunnyhill Hospital. She plans to
gather data this summer in Mexico and
Texas for material for her doctoral
dissertation.
WINN MILLS was in Houston, Texas, in
early April to present a paper on "Student Attitudes Toward Pain: Tool Development" at a research conference sponsored
by Sigma Theta Tau. This was the outcome of a joint research project with
ELIZABETH ROBERTSON during the last three
years. Prof. Mills also has been elected
to the Board of Directors of the Nursing
Diagnosis Association of North America
for a four-year term.
BARBARA MILNE will be presenting a
paper at the Sigma Theta Tau International Conference in Nursing Research
in Madrid, Spain, in July. Her paper is
titled "Alterations in Health Perception
and Lifestyle in Treated Hypertensives."
In April she presented a paper on the
same topic at "Nursing Research '83" at
the University of Toronto School of
Nursing.
DR. HELEN NISKALA was elected to the
executive committee of the UBC Academic
Women's Association for 1983-84.
SHEILA STANTON has been appointed a
member of the National Red Cross Task
Force investigating future roles for the
Red Cross in Canada's health services.
A paper by faculty member SUZANNE
TAYLOR and GEMMA JONES and ELLEN ZEISS,
both second year students in the School
of Nursing, has been selected for presentation at the First National Conference on Gerontological Nursing at the
University of Victoria in early June.
Title of the paper and workshop is "Conducting and Collecting Life Review Histories." As well, Prof. Taylor has
been guest speaker at inservice sessions
both at the Children's Hospital and
Sunnyhill Hospital during March and
April.    She leaves the faculty later
this summer to take up a school of
nursing post in Africa.
PAM THOMPSON and KATHLEEN CHRISTIE,
as members of the Health and Social
Services Committee of the B.C. Task Force
on Immigrant Women, have been involved
recently in the development of a videotape to be used in the education of
health and social service professionals.
The videotape will focus on parenting
problems faced by immigrant families,
particularly immigrant women, and will
show the role of the different agencies
in assisting them to identify and face
such problems.
"IN PRINT"
JOAN ANDERSON and Jennifer Chung. "Culture and Illness: Parents' Perceptions
of their Child's Long Term Illness."
Nursing Papers, Vol. 14, No. 4, Winter
1982, pp. 40-52.
CONNIE CANAM. "Peer Workers: Working
With Adolescents." RNABC News, Vol.15,
No.2, March 1983, pp. 13-14.
CLARISSA P. GREEN, ELAINE CARTY, Ilene
Gordon and Ann Murphy. "Skeletons in
the Closet: Exploring Personal Family
Background as a Prerequisite for
Family Nursing." Journal of Advanced
Nursing, Vol.8, No.5, September 1983
(In Press).
GLORIA JOACHIM. "Step-by-step Massage
Techniques." The Canadian Nurse, Vol.
79, No.4, April 1983, pp. 32-35.
SHELAGH SMITH, "Home Self-Care of Post
Surgical Cataract Patients." Pharmacy
Bulletin: Continuing Education Highlights, Vol.8, No.3, March 1983.
COMING EVENTS
May 10, 1983
The next meeting of the Pediatric
Nurses' Interest Group will be held at
7:30 pm, Tuesday, May 10 at the RNABC.
Guest speaker will be ROBERTA HEWAT of
the UBC School of Nursing on "Women's
Perceptions of Breastfeeding: A Guide for
Nursing Practice." For further information, please call Carol Anne Polwich,
228-7489.
10

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