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Ethel Johns (3)- Children's Hospital and Vancouver Units (1915-1925) Johns, Ethel 1925

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 Children's Hospital Unit      The Children's Hospital gave me a good opportunity to try out many of the ideas I had been influenced in at TC.  Two affiations had to be planned and these practically took the senior students out of the school so far as ward service was concerned.   I was both supt, and head of school but ws not hampered by business mgr. Had direct access to Woman's Board who were interested in school and willing to broaden training given.   Outside activities were stimulating: CNA, MARN. Public Welfare commission.   Influenza epidemic of 1918. Substituting for: laudry staff; telephone worst of all.   Volunteers for influenza wards: piece of paper too short. The Armistice: November 11.   General strike: withdrawal of services: telephone: fire; police; street cars.   failure of ciizen's committee to keep services going. Situation in outpatient's dept.   Effect upon my own philosophy and political thinking.   "Cyclone" could be used but do not over-dramatize. VANCOUVER UNIT   1, The end of War caused, a sharp increase in the demand for nursing service in civilian field, especially in public health nursing service. At that time approaches were being made, especially to provincial universities , by nursing and public health authorities,   there was also active demand fort teaching personnel in hospitals. Effect of registration requirements were forcing up hospital school of nursing standards.   2. British Columbia had gone further, hint efforts of Dr MacEachern at VGH plus R. H .Mullin in University of BC led to consent by Univ. of BC to offer combined course in Applied Science and Nursing.   3. Suitable director sought at TC but American demand was even greater than Canadian and there were no takers. TC did not consider TC eligible since she did not hold a degree but suggested that her application might be considered if no one better applied.   4. University had no medical school and its dept. of public health was still in embryo.   Possible tie-up with Faculty of applied Science suggested with Mullin. Physical aspects of <???> buildings   5. School of Nursing at VGH large and active hospital practice ground. Various public health organizations provided possible fieldwork.   6. Situation favorable at that time because bead of Provincial Dept of Health, Dr H. E. Young wished to set up provincial nursing service and required staff with at least elementary training. This would require course leading to a certificate.   7. MacE and U, wanted course leading to a degree, Mullin had seen something of work being done in the University of Minnesota and was sold on idea.   8. EJ's position extraordinarily difficult, First and foremost responsible for direction of heavy nursing service. Crushing burden in itself and left little time for careful organization and development of University course. Arranged that students should take a five-years course leading to Bachelor of Applied Science (Nursing) and to the diploma of the School of Nursing. Nevertheless, small class was enrolled and the course began. Vancouver Unit contd. -2-         9. Obviously EJ not qualified for public health side but fortunately grant from the Canadian Red Cross Society made it possible to obtain services of Mary Ardcronie Mackenzie   previously head of Victorian Order of Nurses to head up this course,    10. EJ's own lack of experience had not prepared her for the opposition which the degree course      encountered. Medical men disapproved except for a handful who stood by it    through thick and thin. Graduate staff were not particularly friendly. Few,       had had any academic experience though quite a number had had postgraduate courses in various special branches. Students in three -year course   were understandably hostile since the course for the University group was six months shorter than theirs.      11. Attitude of Univ, students was excellent. If it had not been for their loyalty and perseverance the course would have perished.      12. In 1922, EJ took over full-time at the University and it was possible to strengthen the whole fabric. Antagonisms began to die down and things went better,      13. Finances were still a problem.         14. EJ's lack of acadmic rank a serious handicap at every turn. Nutting had realized this from outset. But nothing could have been done about it.         15. Arrival of Embree

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