The Chung Collection

Chung Logo

The Chung Collection

Ancient city of Quebec Canadian Pacific Railway Company 1909

Item Metadata


JSON: chungtext-1.0229374.json
JSON-LD: chungtext-1.0229374-ld.json
RDF/XML (Pretty): chungtext-1.0229374-rdf.xml
RDF/JSON: chungtext-1.0229374-rdf.json
Turtle: chungtext-1.0229374-turtle.txt
N-Triples: chungtext-1.0229374-rdf-ntriples.txt
Original Record: chungtext-1.0229374-source.json
Full Text

Full Text

jvh .
Empress of Britain
Empress of Ireland
between Canadian Forts and Liverpool
Sailing lyists,   Rate  Sheets and all information from  any
Railway or Steamship Agent.
W. G. ANNABLE,    general passenger agent,    MONTREAL. 17
• 1
Zbe Hncfcnt City
A A          1 K
\S*\               Hi
Twenty-first Edition
ssuefc  b$ tbe Canadian pacific 1Railwa$ Compar
Copyrighted, 1894, by the Chateau Frontenac Co.
•j 3
fa m
ISTORY is  poetry, could we tell it right, says
Doubly   true   is   this of the  history    of
Capital   city of a province nearly three times
as large as the British Isles is
its   pressnt   poid distinction,
but it is   not   because of this that  Quebec  is famous.
It is   because here civilisation  first began  to  conquer
savagery in this new northern land; because here are
the battle   grounds  on  which  the best blood of Old
England  and Old France met in deadly conflict and
decided the fate of half a continent; because here
every  scene  is hallowed by  three centuries of the
most  romantic  and  most  tragic   history  that   the   <
New World knows.
Quebec has other claims to fame as well.
Clustered on and around rocky and precipitous    %|
heights that resemble  Gibraltar in  their  frowning
impregnability, this   wonderful  old city commands
a landscape  that   takes  rank among   the   great
show places of the world.    The " Upper Town "
looks away out over the  mighty St.
Lawrence to where beetling cliffs as
high as its own are dotted with the
Champlain Monument, Quebec 4 QUEBEC
houses of the town of Levis and crowned by the immense forts erected by
the British Government. Far in the distance beyond are outlying spurs
of the ancient Appalachian Mountains that extend 1300 miles to south and
east. Looking in the other direction, the bold outlines of Cape Tourmente,
forty miles away on the north shore, can be seen, while back from the
north shore line the eye is carried to where the crests of the Laurent ians,
the oldest mountain range in the world, fade away in billow upon billow
Part of the Old City Walls, Quebec
of wonderful blues and purples that melt imperceptibly into the azure of
the sky. Beyond that horizon lies a vast unpeopled wilderness that
stretches sheer to the Polar regions.
From infinite distance the eye comes back to the scene immediately
beneath. There flows one of the great rivers of the world bearing the
traffic of an Empire in a constant procession of water craft that vary from
the frail canoe which is the Indian's masterpiece to sturdy schooners like
those of the Newfoundland and Nova Scotia fishing fleets, and from these QUEBEC
again to stately Atlantic liners of the Canadian Pacific Railway Company
that equal in luxurious accommodation any vessels afloat.
Down in the great reaches of the river below Quebec and wthin
sight of the city is the Island of Orleans, and opposite this on the mainland the shrine of Ste. Anne de Beaupre, ranking with Lourdes in traditions of sanctity and miracles of healing, and visited annually by over
half a million pilgrims and tourists.
The story of imperishable deeds, the glory of immortal actions, the
beauty of noble scenery, and the nearby mystery of that Mecca of the
'■:" '■•■ "■■■■     .mm;■,-.■■ ■-.;.- ■   v;^: ■:■■
m^WfiM Wmm
The Chateau Frontenac from Lower Town, Quebec
pilgrims—all these give unique interest and attraction to this old city.
But quite apart from such considerations, Quebec appeals to the visitor
as no other city on the continent can do. Rambling and mediaeval, its
streets full of quaint surprises that are the delight of the antiquarian and
the artist, the city itself has an interest all its own. Its tortuous thoroughfares, its huge fortifications, its old-world buildings—aye, and its inhabitants, so many of whom speak the quaintest of French dialects—all these
breathe out the charm of dead centuries saturated with Indian traditions,
the traditions of Brittany and Normandy, and of the France and England
of days gone by.
Little Champlain Street
Yet ask the typical citizen of
Quebec what his city is noted for,
and nine times out of ten, his answer will be, " For its beautiful
women." This view the visitor can
confirm for himself any day by
taking a walk along the fashionable
promenade that crowns the city
heights, for it is a fact that long
residence or permanent settlement
here in the valorous days of old of
many nobly-born families of Great
Britain and France has resulted in
later generations of surprisingly
comely people.
Quebec  in  Literature
Quebec figures largely in literature. Historians, poets, novelists—
all have yielded to its spell. Charles
Dickens, when he made his memorable visit to America, sojourned for
a time in the city, and afterwards,
when recording his journey, he wrote
of Quebec :
'' The impression made upon the
visitor by this Gibraltar of America,
its giddy heights, its citadel suspended, as it were, in air; its picturesque
steep streets and frowning gateways;
and the splendid views which burst
upon the eye at every turn is at once unique and lasting, and make it a
place not to be forgotten."
Henry Ward Beecher, in his description of it, declared Quebec to be
the quaintest of all cities on the continent.
"It is a populated cliff," was his graphic way of putting it, "a
small bit of mediaeval Europe perched upon a rock, and dried for keeping
—a curiosity that has not its equal in its kind on this side of the ocean. QUEBEC
Strolling in Lower Town one might fancy himself in Amiens or Dieppe,
and along the Grand Allee, running right across the Plains of Abraham,
you might be in Brussels or Paris, only that Clifton Terrace seems to recall
Then he drew this pretty word picture of the city:
" Dear delightful old Quebec, with her gray walls and shining tin
roofs; her precipitous headlong streets and sleepy squares and esplanades;
her narrow alleys and peaceful convents; her harmless antique cannon
Kent Gate and Part of the City Walls, Quebec
on the parapets and her sweet toned bells in the spires; her towering
chateau on the heights and her long, low, queer smelling warehouses in
the lower town; her spick and span caleches and her dingy trolley cars;
her sprinkling of soldiers and sailors with Scotch accent and Irish brogue
and cockney twang on a background of petite bourgeoise speaking the
quaintest of French dialects; her memories of an adventurous glittering
past and her placid contentment with the tranquil grayness of the present;
her glorious daylight outlook over the vale of the St. Charles, the level QUEBEC
shore of Montmorenci, the green Isle d'Orleans dividing the shining
reaches of the broad St. Lawrence, and the blue Laurentian mountains
rolling far to the eastward, and at night the dark bulk of the citadel outlined against the starry blue, and far below the huddled house tops, the
silent wharves, the lights of the great warships swinging with the tide, the
intermittent ferryboats plying to and fro, the twinkling lamps of Levis
rising along the dim southern shore and reflected on the lapsing, curling,
seaward sliding waves of the great river! What city of the new world
keeps so much of the charm of the old?"
Quebec's History Revivified in Tercentenary Pageants
There is no need to enlarge on the history of Quebec. Parkman,
Kingsford, Stewart, Le Moine, Bourinot, Chambers, and Harper have
already placed its story on record for all to read. And besides, was not
its history revivified in the summer of 1908, and the whole world made
acquainted with it by means of those wonderful pageants that Mr. Frank
Lascelles .staged upon the
Plains Of Abraham during
the Tercentenary Celebrations. The Prince of Wales's
presence at these celebrations, as the representative
of the King, attested the
important position which
Quebec occupies in the history of >the Empire; so, too,
did the presence of the.
accredited representatives
of the nations of Europe and
the self-governing British
dependencies, and the
presence in the river fronting Quebec of battleships
representing the navies of
England, France and the
United States.
These    celebrations
The Gateway into the Courtyard—Chateau Frontenac       carried the  minds of many QUEBEC
peoples in
many lands
back to the
time, three
hundred and
seventy odd
years ago,
when Jacques
Cartier and
his band of
came up the
river in their
tiny sailing
ship, and,
landing a t
claimed    the
Entrance to the Chateau Frontenac
whole of the country, whatever it might prove to be, for the King of
France. Cartier made no permanent settlement here, but in 1549, the
Sieur de Roberval spent one winter with a small colony he had brought
out, and then retired.
In 1608 Champlain arrived, established the French possession of the
country at Quebec, and commenced to provide material for history. It
was this founding of the city by Champlain, with its greater significance as
being the founding of civilisation in Canada, that was the reason for the
Tercentenary celebrations, and of course one of the great scenes in the
pageants depicted the coming of Champlain. Champlain's reign as practical king of the St. Lawrence was filled with the romance of discovery,
of Indian warfare, and of the religious enterprises of brave monks and
Of war, Quebec has probably seen more than any other place on the
continent. Every part of the city recalls some portion of the long succession of thrilling historical events in which so many nations were so
deeply interested. The French, the English, the Americans, and the
aboriginal Indians have all played their parts in the stirring dramas
enacted around the fortress-crowned  rock.    And the final struggles  be- QUEBEC
tween the armies of Montcalm and Wolfe, which closed on the Plains ot
Abraham at Quebec, saw the end of the reign of France in the northern
half of the North American continent, and the beginning of the regime
which was destined to result in the self-governing liberty which Canada
now enjoys.
A Chateau Hostelry on a Matchless Site
The pleasures of a visit to Quebec are greatly enhanced by the unique
character of the hotel accommodation. All along the rocky heights 200
feet above the river there runs the splendid Government-built promenade
known as the Dufferin Terrace, and fronting directly upon this terrace is
the Chateau Frontenac, a huge and beautiful chateau hostelry that
combines every modern luxury and convenience with all the quaint
architectural surprises of mediaeval times. Right upon the very spot
where all the noble scenery commanded by the city can best be viewed—
there stands this hotel.
A veritable old-time
chateau it is, with its
curves and cupolas,
turrets and towers,
gateways, and courtyard. So cleverly was
it designed by its
architect, Mr. Bruce
Price, that all the offices
and service rooms,
even the main entrance
hall, with its pillared
gateway, look out upon
the inner curve, leaving
every bit of the outer
circle that faces the
magnificent stretch of
river and fortified
heights and far off
mountains, to be devoted to guest rooms.
A Corner in the Courtyard  Chateau Frontenac Delightfully unex- QUEBEC II
pected in its ways, this grand hotel provides a multiplicity of diversified
accommodation. It has numerous suites, some of them containing as
many as eight rooms. All of the suites are different,but here is a typical
description of one:
" Two dainty bed-rooms and two equally dainty bathrooms, lead
from either end of a bow-shaped boudoir, whose curve is one unbroken
line of beautiful windows, creamy panellings, tinted walls and ceiling, deep
window seats—all these the room possesses, but one sees them not; they
.^i^'vu l.'L, , ''■£ufJ2-WP'ym::^;-\S:E
• »•■$ilb^^v ;: ■ i-m
The Famed Dufferin Terrace and Chateau Frontenac
are as nothing compared to the great curve of radiance that shines and
sparkles from this splendid bow of light. The dominance of right-
angled rooms we have at last got away from. Here we have the rest-
fulness of change in rooms that are bow-shaped, crescent-shaped, circular;
rooms that are acute-angled, obtuse-angled, triangular, sexangular,
everything except square and rigid in their lines."
It is one of the features of the Chateau Frontenac that everything is
of the best.    All the larger rooms are carried out in separate schemes of QUEBEC
decoration, making the place at once homelike and more like a private
mansion than a fashionable hotel. As an instance, the dining room
walls are hung with tapestries consisting of a replica of the five panels
composing the " Foundation of Rome " series in the Royal Palace
at Madrid.
The furniture throughout the Chateau is chiefly oak. The bedroom furnishings are much alike—handsome brass bedsteads, oak furniture
and cosy upholstering in each
room. And then the stairways
—they are everywhere, and
equally pretty and unique in
effect. Every corner that one
peeps into along these wide,
curving corridors holds an inviting little stairway—bright
and soft, with rich carpeting
and oak bannisters—t hat
tempts one to ascend or descend just to find where it
leads. Ascending the main
stairway, which leads by easy
turns from the vestibule, there
is to be seen one of the most
artistic effects in the building,
for, standing in the broad
corridor, beautiful with i t s
white panellings, oak floor, and
Axminster, t>ne looks between
large creamy, daintily-moulded pillars into the long drawing-room, and
beyond it into the ladies' pavilion. The pretty sight brings a suggestion of the Renaissance, and the white and gold days of Louis Quinze.
One of the unexpected things about the Chateau Frontenac is that
the fourth, fifth and sixth stories are more desirable than the lower ones,for
the higher one ascends, the wider the panorama of. river, mountain, city
and sky that unfolds to one's view. The surroundings of the Chateau
Frontenac combined with the superlative qualities of the building itself
render it the ideal hotel. There is nothing like it on the continent of
America, nor in any hotel is there a better quality of service, or greater
A Familiar Scene in Quebec QUEBEC
attention to every convenience that has to do with twentieth-century
It is the most superbly situated hotel in the world, a place that is
always remembered with pleasure by those who make it their headquarters for a stay in this romantic city.
The Great Promenade on the Cliff Top
Jutting out along the brink of Cape Diamond,  200 feet above the
s     1
!'Jr| :*
:-,'   .
.    -.. MB
I /Jmp
f «v ■•'*
; ::
?; ■
St. Louis Gate and South African Monument, Quebec
roofs of the quaint " Lower Town " of the old city, is the Dufferin Terrace
—a Government-built promenade which takes rank with the Hove Lawns
and Esplanade at Brighton, England, as the resort of beauty and fashion,
and far surpasses almost any promenade in the world in the tremendous
panorama that it commands. At the eastern end of this promenade
rises the beautiful pile of the Chateau Frontenac, while the western end
is under the shadow of the grim fortress known as the Citadel, from which
floats the Union Jack, symbol of Empire of which none are more proud
than the people of Quebec. 14
The promenade is built so that its decorative effect may be in keeping
with the surroundings. It is sixty feet wide and over a quarter of a mile in
length and is paved with wood throughout. Back of it are lawns, with
cannon pointing riverwards and commanding this gateway of the Dominion. On it are numerous seats—some in the open, and some under the
shelter of the five pretty kiosks distributed along the length of the promenade. It affords a delightful walk and an equally delightful resting-place,
--,' "mi$ij£                       pm p.
■■#::   ■ rm-. >V-.  ..>r'Pl::p
--   (_     •--    -
Post Office and Bishop Laval's Monument,
and the scene that it commands is one of never-failing interest, whether it
be the " Lower Town " and wharves, the busy river here narrowed between
precipitous cliffs till it is only a mile wide, the islands in the far-spreading
lower reaches, the pretty communities on the other shore, or the play of
light and shade upon the purple crests of the far Laurentians.
On summer evenings the military musicians from the Citadel garrison
come down to the bandstand here to play for the enjoyment of all who QUEBEC
seek recreation upon the promenade. Then the scene is gay with life and
laughter, and romantic with the mysterious beauty of the night. Down
on the dim river the lights of the shipping are reflected in the rippling
water—the lights of vessels heaving at their moorings, of ferry boats
making half-crescent journeys back and forth from shore to shore, of ocean
liners passing ghost-like on their journey to Montreal or to the open sea.
All up the heights of the far shore the lights of Levis gleam like pin-pricks
in the darkness. Looking down and out upon such far-flung distances as
this promenade on the cliff-edge commands, the night, unwontedly huge
and grand, impresses the imagination with a new awe and mystery. On
the one hand is nature, silent, primeval and all-enveloping; on the other
is life and music, soft light and an ever-changing picture of beauty and
fashion.    They make a combination that is unforgettable.
There are pretty walks leading away from the Terrace. At the
further end a succession of small stairways lead to another promenade
along the cliff and around the base of the walls of the Citadel to connect
the Terrace with the Cove
Fields, the extended promenade having a total distance of
nearly 4,000 ft. On these
fields, where the old French
earthworks still remain, are
ideal natural golf links. Every
foot of land here is historic
ground; the very air breathes
of deeds of valour and military
Looking down from the
Terrace front, the narrow
street bearing the name Champlain, the founder of Quebec,
is seen, and its long length
followed to the foot of the
citadel cliff, just beyond which
is the narrow pass where, in
1775, the American General,
Richard Montgomery,
Wolfe's Monument fell mortally  wounded. QUEBEC
Montgomery was in command of an expedition for the invasion of
Canada, and had already become master of a great portion of the
country by capturing Fort Chambly and Montreal,' *He immediately proceeded against Quebec, and was heroically leading his men up
the steep heights in a daring attack upon the Upper Town when he and his
aides were mowed down at the first and only firing of the British artillery,
the attacking force thereupon retreating in disorder.
Almost directly under the northern end of the Terrace, where the
cliff stands back farther from the river and the streets are huddled closer
together, is the historic Church of Notre Dame des Victoires, where the
French celebrated the repulse of Sir William Phipps' attack on the city,
in 1690, and the destruction of Sir Hoveden Walker's armada in the Gulf
of the St. Lawrence in 1711. A little to the south is the Champlain
market hall. Very near its site the first building in Quebec, which
included a fort, a residence and stores, was erected in 1608 by the adventurous and chivalrous Champlain, whose memory is perpetuated in a
magnificent statue on the Terrace. Here was the first clearing made;
the next was that upon a portion of which the Chateau Frontenac now
stands, On this latter site Champlain erected the Chateau St. Louis;
which played so prominent a part in Canadian history; at a later era being
the castle from which the French Governors exercised undisputed sovereignty from the mouth of the Mississippi to the Great Lakes, and along
the shores of the St. Lawrence and its Gulf. In the rear of the Chateau
St. Louis was the area of the fort, now covered by the Place d'Armes and a
part of the hotel. This fort was frequently attacked by the intrepid and
ferocious Iroquois, who more than once overthrew the outposts, and
threatened the fort itself. Just beyond are the high-peaked commissariat buildings of the Imperial Government, and the Kent House where
resided King Edward's grandfather when commandant of the Imperial
forces in Canada. Close by also were the headquarters of Montcalm, and
the place where the gallant soldier died. Across the Place d'Armes is the
English Cathedral, constructed soon after the British occupation, by the
Royal Engineers.
The Citadel
Crowning the highest point of Cape Diamond, 303 feet above the river,
is the Citadel, whose fortifications stand out against the sky from whichever point the city be regarded, and remind the visitor that Quebec is still QUEBEC
a fortress. The Citadel is now garrisoned by Canadian troops, and like
the great forts at Levis, on the opposite side of the river, have immense
batteries'of heavy guns commanding the river. There are numerous
buildings, while the bastions, entrenchments, and parade grounds cover
an area of forty acres. Besides being in itself intensely interesting, the
Citadel commands a glorious view. It is about ten minutes' walk from
the Chateau Frontenac.
The Governor's Garden
A little to the rear of the Dufferin Terrace, and between the Chateau
Custom House, Quebec
Frontenac and the Citadel, is a public park known as the Governor's
Garden, notable as having in it a stone column to Wolfe and Montcalm,
erected in 1827 and 1828, in joint honour of the illustrious generals, to
whom, in the words of the inscription, " Valour gave a common death,
history a common fame, and posterity a common monument."
The  Plains  of Abraham
Within a short and pleasant walk, or drive, from the Chateau Frontenac are the  Plains of Abraham,  where  Wolfe fell and where Mont- l8 QUEBEC
calm, his illustrious rival, was mortally wounded. Through the initiative
of Earl Grey, and as one of the crowning achievements of his term of
office as Governor-General of Canada, these plains were purchased by
public subscription and presented to the Nation during the Tercentenary
celebrations, so that the ground so sacred in the history of the Empire
is now a national park, forever preserved from desecration. Everybody
knows the story of how, on September 13, 1759, the intrepid Englishman
Wolfe led his troops up the heights that had previously been thought
too precipitous to climb, and on to the plains, there to meet and defeat
the French army and decide the fate of Canada. The actual clash between
the two armies only occupied a dozen minutes—so short is the time
that can decide a nation's fate. A tall marble shaft now stands to mark
the spot where Wolfe fell, mortally wounded. It bears the inscription:
" Here died Wolfe victorious." His rival, Montcalm, also mortally
wounded, retreated within the walls to die. The Plains of Abraham are
named after Abraham Martin, who received a grant of land there in 1635.
Close to the battlefield is Spencerwood, the official residence of the
Lieutenant-Governor of the Province of Quebec, and in olden days the
home of the Governors-General of Canada. A short distance off, on the
escarpment overhanging the St. Lawrence, is the path by which the
British troops scaled the cliffs on the night before the battle, and at the
foot of the rocks is Wolfe's Cove. Two miles beyond is Sillery, a place of
historical interest, where Maisonneuve spent his first winter in Canada,
and the scene in 1665, of the horrible massacre of Christian Hurons and
their missionaries, by savage Iroquois.
The Ursuline Convent
The Ursuline Convent is directly connected with the battle on the
Plains of Abraham, by reason of its chapel containing the remains of
Montcalm, whose body is buried in the Convent, while his skull is kept in
the chaplain's parlor, to which visitors are freely admitted. This, the
oldest convent in Quebec, was founded in 1639. It covers an area of
seven acres. Besides the remains of Montcalm, the chapel contains what
are claimed to be the following relics:—The body of St. Clement from the
Catacombs of Rome, brought to the Ursulines in 1687; the skull of one of
the companions of St. Ursula, 1675; the skull of St. Justus, 1662; a piece of
the Holy Cross, 1657; a portion of the Crown of Thorns, brought from
Paris in 1830.,   The Chapel is'open to visitors, who may there see some QUEBEC
rare works of art, including paintings   by Vandyke, Restout, and Cham-
pagny, the property of the Sisters of the Convent.
The Basilica—Mother Church of Roman Catholicism  in  North America
Facing the historic old market square, which dates back to 1686,
where in olden times stood the public pillory, is the Basilica, the mother
church of Roman Catholicism in North America. Its erection was commenced in 1647, and finished in 1657. The design of the chancel is in
faithful   imitation of that of St. Peter's at Rome.    On its walls hangs a
The Kent House, at Montmorency Falls
rich collection of paintings, many of them priceless works of art, which
were rescued from destruction during the Reign of Terror in France, when
the mob pillaged churches and monasteries. Amongst other paintings is
Vandyke's Christ on the Cross, Plamondon's Ste. Anne, and the Tomb of
the Saviour, Fleuret's Christ submitting to the soldiers, The Holy Family
by Jacques Blanchard, The Annunciation by Jean Restout, etc. Adjoining the Basilica is the Cardinal's Palace. In its grand salon de reception are the Cardinal's throne, and rare gifts from the Pope. 20 QUEBEC
The Parliament  Buildings
Situated on the Grande Allee, the beautiful driveway of which Quebec
is justly  proud, are the parliament buildings of the province of Quebec,
the erection of which has cost close upon $2,000,000.    These handsome
buildings form a square,  each side being 300 feet in length and four
stories high.    At the entrance is a bronze Indian group which ranks among
the masterpieces of the famous Canadian sculptor Hebert.      Among the
more interesting contents of the buildings, which are open to all, are the
original archives of New France before the conquest by Great Britain in
Seminary and  Laval  University
Conspicuous among the great public buildings of the city is the
Seminary of Quebec, founded in 1663 by Laval, the first appointed
prelate of Canada. The buildings are valued at $1,000,000. The institution includes the Grand and Petit Seminaries, the latter being especially
interesting to Americans from the fact that the officers under Montgomery and Arnold who were captured during the siege of 1775 were
incarcerated in it. The Grand Seminary, known as Laval University, is
the chief French-Canadian university, and the oldest in Canada. Laval
has an excellent museum and library, and many art treasures in its keeping.
In its gallery of paintings—a miniature Vatican collection—are two
Salvator Rosas, three Teniers, a Rommeneli, a Joseph Vernet, a Puget,
two Vandykes, a Perocc Poussin, and many other masterpieces,
The Famous Golden Dog
In the northern facade of the post-office is the famous " Chi en D'Or,"
a gilt figure of a dog gnawing a bone, about which exists a legend, which
Kirby has woven into a charming romance. Under the French regime
there stood on the site now occupied by the post-office, the house and shop
of Philibert, a wealthy merchant, who waged commercial war on the corrupt company of New France, nicknamed by the farmers "La Fripone."
The real head of this company was Intendant Bigot, whose threats against
Philibert resulted in the latter placing over his door a sculptured tablet
of a golden dog with the following inscription:
Je suis un chien qui ronge l'os,
En le rongeant je prends mon repos,
Un temps viendra qui n'est pas venu,
Que je mordray qui m'aura mordu. QUEBEC
Put.into other words, the dog is made to give voice to the sinister
announcement that although he is resting quietly and gnawing a bone
the time is coming when he will bite those who would have bitten him.
But a tragedy prevented Philibert putting the veiled threat into execution. He was assassinated, and the prevailing impression was that it
was at the instigation of Bigot.
Church  of  Notre   Dame  des  Victoires
This historic little edifice is one of the interesting sights of the Lower
Town. It was partially destroyed by the fire of the Levis batteries during
Wolfe's siege of Quebec in 1759, and subsequently rebuilt on its old walls.
The fete of Notre Dame de la Victoire, which takes place on October 7th
every year, was established in commemoration of the defeat of the British
invaders under General Phipps, in 1690, and the shipwreck of the second
British invading fleet under
Sir Hoveden Walker, fourteen
years later. These occurrences the French inhabitants
regarded as miraculous interpositions of Providence in their
favor, and thus the edifice was
given the name it bears.
The  English  Cathedral
The English Cathedral,
erected in the first years of
the 19th century by the British
Government, is interesting, not
for its architectural beauty,
but for its historic association
and for the splendor of its mural
monuments, chancel windows,
and elaborate solid silver communion service. The latter
cost $10,000 and was a present
from King George III.
Falls of Montmorency, near Quebec QUEBEC
The Hotel Dieu
The Hotel Dieu, a convent and a hospital, founded in 1639 by Duchess
D'Aiguillon, a niece of Cardinal Richelieu, is the most ancient institution
of its kind in America. In it are some famous old pictures, amongst which
are: The Nativity, by Stella, the Virgin and Child (Noel Coypol), Vision of
Ste. Theresa (Guel Monaght), the Descent from the Cross (copy by Plamondon), etc. In the chapel of the convent is the skull of Jean de Bre-
bceuf, the great Jesuit missionary. The establishment is open to visitors,
on application to the Lady Superior.
The  Golf Links
The Quebec Golf Club Links, in connection with the Chateau Frontenac, are a source of great enjoyment to tourist golfers, and are additionally interesting because they form part of the original battlefield on the
Plains of Abraham. From the golfing point of view they are ideal,
because the varied nature of the topography presents almost every species
of hazard at one point or other of the course. Scenery, all admit, has few
charms for the golfer, but not even a golfer traversing this historic ground
can fail to be impressed by the remarkable view.
The ruins of Montcalm's old fortifications form some of the hazards,
the old masonry being still visible in various places. The second green is
inside one of the forts of 200 years ago.
Guests of the Chateau Frontenac have only to apply at the office
for permission to play over these links on payment of a small fee.
Literary  Treasures
The libraries of Quebec are rich in literary treasures, and contain many
rare old books which are most interesting to the student of antiquarian
lore. The legislative Library in the Parliament Buildings, and that of
Laval University, are the two most pretentious in the city. In the latter
are over 10,000 valuable volumes. The Literary and Historical Society
has also an invaluable collection in the Morrin College, and the French
Society, l'lnstitut Canadien, has a fine Library in the city hall. These
are open to the public.
Historic  Ruins
Over in the valley of the St. Charles, the gaunt ruins of the famed
Chateau Bigot still remain.   The lodge in which perished by poison, at the QUEBEC 23
instigation of her fair rival, young Caroline de St. Castin, the beautiful
mistress of the profligate Intendant, still stands in the midst of the forest
labyrinth. The girl was the daughter of a gentleman of Acadia, and had
been induced by Bigot's fair promises to fly from herhome only to be held
a prisoner in the Chateau until her tragic death. Another of Bigot's
palaces stood within a stone's throw of the site of the Canadian Pacific
Railway station.
The Heights of Levis
From Levis, a magnificent view of Quebec and its surroundings can be
obtained. The military forts, on the heights above, from which, during
the summer of 1759, the cannon of the English bombarded Quebec with
shot and shell, until the whole of the Lower Town was a confused mass of
ruins, are worth visiting, and so is the Engineer's Camp at St. Joseph de
Levis—magnificently wooded meadows, once the camping ground of the
Royal Engineers. An electric railway meets all boats at the ferry,
and climbs to the top of the cliff. The view from this point is one of the
finest imaginable, for it is possible to see both up and down the river from
one place. Across the river are seen the villages of Beauport and Montmorency, the beautiful church of the former lifting its twin spires against
the purple mountains; to the right the heavily wooded end of the island of
Orleans; while to the left, the Chateau Frontenac and the massive stone
fortress are outlined against the sky.
Another interesting excursion to be made at Levis is round the three
modern forts, built on the heights behind the town. The most easterly,
constructed by the Royal Engineers, commands the approaches up the
river, while the others, built by the Dominion Government, have an outlook extending forty miles to the south over a natural glacis.
The  Montmorency Falls
About seven miles below Quebec are the falls where the Montmorency
River plunges roaring down a precipice of 274 feet to lose itself in the St.
Lawrence. The falls are over 100 feet higher than those of Niagara.
The drive to the falls—a favorite trip with all ^visitors—is through an
almost continuous succession of French Canadian farms and cottages.
On the road is Beauport, a place bombarded by Wolfe. The trip can also
be made by the Quebec Electric Railway.
Af the" head of the Falls is Kent House, the residence while in Quebec
of the Duke of Kent, grandfather of King Edward VII.     There are also to 24
be seen the Zoological Gardens, owned by Holt, Renfrew & Co., Quebec,
and containing a fine collection of Canadian live animals,including beavers,
which are allowed the run of an enclosed valley with a pretty brook
passing through it.
In a deep canon about a mile above Montmorency Falls there is a
succession of rocky ledges forming natural steps, over which the river
madly dashes. It is a typical bit of the wildest scenery of the mountainous portions of the province.
The Shrine  of  Ste.  Anne  de  Beaupre
The world-famous shrine of Ste. Anne de Beaupre, which is credited
with having been the scene of many miracles, and which for over 250
years has been a place of pilgrimage, is 21 miles from Quebec. It can be
reached by the Quebec Electric Railway, which closely follows the bank
of the St. Lawrence, or, in the summer, by steamer. The shrine is said to
have been founded in the early years of the 16th century by a crew of
Breton sailors, whose vessel had been buffeted about in a terrific tempest
on the St. Lawrence.     During the storm they solemnly vowed to build a
Church of Ste. Anne de Beaupre QUEBEC
shrine in honor of the patron saint of their dear Brittany, St. Anne
d'Auray, the mother of the Virgin Mary, should she guide them safely
through the dangers encompassing them. They landed safely, and built
a small wooden chapel in fulfilment of their vows. The primitive little
church was replaced by a larger structure in 1660. This was subsequently
enlarged, and after about a century's existence, it was almost entirely
rebuilt in 1787 and 1878, and converted into a chapel—still occupying its
original site near the " sacred spring," whose waters have, it is claimed,
miraculous properties. Across the street, in contrast to this unpretentious
building, is the magnificent edifice which although opened for public worship in 1876, and raised to the dignity of a Basilica by Pope Pius IX. ten
years later, was not entirely completed until 1889. It is a fine specimen of Corinthian architecture,
and is of immense proportions. A colossal statue of
Ste. Anne, of great beauty,
surmounts the facade between
twin towers rising to a great
height. The interior of the
Basilica is on a grand and
imposing scale, and there are
magnificent paintings and
statuary representing different
scenes in the life of Christ.
The  sacred  relics of  Ste.
Anne contained in the church
number   five.      They   include
bones of fingers and hand, but
the one which is looked on as
the most precious is a part of
the arm of  Anne,  a  piece of
bone measuring   about   four
inches  in length,   sent by Leo
XIII.      The   relic  is  enclosed
in a costly reliquary, the mere
touching of which is supposed
Monument erected to the British and French 1 in ~
Soldiers who fell at Quebec to work marvellous effects. 26 QUEBEC
The Redemptorist Fathers who are in charge of the Basilica declare
that miracles are daily being performed there, paralytics being made to
walk, the blind to recover their sight, and the infirm being restored to
health. There are pyramids composed of hundreds of crutches, canes,
trusses, and splints left by people as testimony of the efficacy of the saint's
intervention on their behalf. Votive offerings left by grateful people are
numerous, and include a great variety of jewellery, among which are
two yards of rings strung close together on rods.
Close by the Basilica is a building called the " Sancta Scala," built in
imitation of the steps of Pilate's Palace at Jerusalem, " up which our
Saviour mounted during his sacred passion." Each step contains relics
of the Holy Land. Zealous suppliants may often be seen there climbing the
steps on their knees, and kissing each step before mounting it.
This shrine is visited annually by over half a million pilgrims and
tourists from all parts of the continent and indeed from all quarters of the
globe.    Accommodation on a large scale is provided for visitors.
Six miles away are the beautiful falls of Ste. Anne, and beyond them
again are the Seven Falls, both well worth seeing.
The Indian Village of Lorette
Another pleasant drive is to the Indian Village of Lorette, on the St.
Charles River, about nine miles from Quebec. There are some beautiful
waterfalls in the neighborhood,but the chief interest centres in the Indians.
They form the remnant of the once powerful Hurons, who, after the
treacherous massacre of their tribe by the Iroquois, sought refuge near
Quebec, and allied themselves with the French in resisting the incursions of
the common enemy. The village was first settled in 1697. The Lorette
Chapel, nearly 200 years old, is of the same model and dimensions as that
of the Santa Casa, from which the image of the Virgin, a copy of that in
the famous sanctuary, was sent to the Indians.
In every direction around Quebec the country affords charming
drives, and the quaint French-Canadian villages, with their hospitable
people, are a never-ending source of delight to visitors.
Down the  Gulf
Steamer trips down the River and Gulf of St. Lawrence afford visitors
the opportunity of making the acquaintance of the remarkable scenic QUEBEC 27
beauty of this great waterway. Murray Bay, Riviere du Loup, Cacouna
and Tadousac, at the mouth of the Saguenay, are fashionable watering
resorts, with good hotel accommodation and excellent bathing facilities
The trip can be extended down the Gulf to Prince Edward Island and to
St.'John's, Newfoundland, Halifax, N.S., and to New York, Boston and
other American ports.
Quebec's  Glorious  Winter
Charming as is Quebec in summer, many of those who know it well
love it best in winter. The abounding energy and joyous exhilaration
that comes of living in the dry, clear air and floodmg sunshine of this
northern clime in winter are a continual surprise and delight to visitors.
Clad in raiment befitting the climate, with accompaniments of the
beautiful furs that are here so fashionable, discomfort is absolutely
unknown, and so also are ennui and enervation. Strangers who desire to
participate in the winter sports which are the glory of Quebec, are warmly
welcomed by the different winter clubs, and quickly initiated into the
various forms of local sport. There are both indoor and outdoor skating
rinks, to which guest tickets of admission may be had by non-residents for
the asking and the fancy skating daily witnessed here is alone well worth
a long journey to see.
Then there are hockey, polo, curling, tobogganing, sleighing, snow-
shoe tramps, and ski-ing, all of which are kept going fast and furious
throughout the winter, adding much to the gaiety and picturesqueness
of the life of an enthusiastic people. People of all ages indulge in most of
these sports, for "grown-ups" become as sportive as youths in this
exhilarating climate.
The sleighing alone always captivates the visitors. In the streets
hundreds of carioles, queer little sleds peculiar to this quaint old place,
dash along, their jingling bells filling the air with silvery music. There is
a romantic touch of local color about the outings of the various snowshoe
clubs. The long night tramps to their country rendezvous are often
headed by a bugle band, and the snow-shoers present a highly picturesque
appearance, tramping in Indian file over the snow, clad in their multicolored blanket suits, and bearing torches.
The benefits of the winter climate at Quebec for those who are run
down  are well  expressed by Dr. Grondin, Professor of the University of 28
Laval, and one of the leading physicians of the province, in a letter he
wrote to an inquirer from the United States.
" I do not hesitate to declare," he says, " that Quebec in particular,
owing to its altitude, has a pure and remarkable atmosphere, a dry and
regular cold, which agrees admirably with those predisposed to consumption. Foreign doctors at times send, and rightly so, some of their
patients suffering from pulmonary complaints to a cold climate, where the
temperature varies but little, and I have asked myself, why do not the
American doctors send their patients here where the good climate, and
the exceptional beauty of the place, would readily bring about good and
beneficial results."
Quebec is easily reached from all directions. From Montreal, which
may be regarded as the starting point for the lower St. Lawrence, there is a
choice of routes by rail and river. By the Canadian Pacific Railway (from
Place Viger passenger station) it is about four and a half hours' run along
the bank of the St.Lawrence river, through the old French settlements
that in many places are almost as primitive as in the days of Champlain
and Frontenac. The railway runs directly under the walls of the old
fortifications, and yet into the city. The Grand Trunk and the Intercolonial Railways, on the other side of the St. Lawrence, run to Levis,
directly opposite Quebec, the river being crossed by steam ferry.     During
A Quebec Caleche QUEBEC 29
the season of navigation, the steamers of the Richelieu & Ontario Navigation Co. ply between Montreal and Quebec. Tourists from the New
England States, who do not wish to visit Montreal, can reach the ancient
Capital by way of Sherbrooke, thence via the Quebec Central or Grand
Trunk Railways, or by Dud swell Junction, and thence by Quebec Central
to Levis. Those from the Maritime Provinces reach Levis, either by the
Canadian Pacific Short Line to Megantic and thence by the Quebec Central,
or by the Intercolonial Railway. In summer the Canadian Pacific Steamships, from Liverpool and European ports, make Quebec their Canadian
port, and passengers then have an excellent opportunity of making a short
stay at Quebec, to " rest up," after the long ocean voyage, at the comfortable Chateau Frontenac, and to make the acquaintance of a delightful and historic city before proceeding to their destinations in other
parts of the continent.
The Commercial Metropolis of Canada
Most of the visitors to Quebec make a trip to Montreal, which,
besides being the largest city in Canada, is second only to Quebec in historic interest. It is picturesquely situated on an island in the St. Lawrence
River at the head of ocean navigation, and yet over goo miles inland, and
is the commercial metropolis and the railway centre of the Dominion.
Montreal ranks amongst the most beautiful cities of the continent. It
presents all the aspects and elements of metropolitan life, with evidences
of material wealth and prosperity on every hand. Yet in the midst of the
bustle of the city's commerce are huge gray monasteries and convents
and stately cathedrals which rival the grandest edifices of Europe in
splendor and historic interest. Montreal is pre-eminently a city of churches,
French and English, Protestant and Catholic. The Cathedral of St. James,
modelled after St. Peter's at Rome, the old church of Notre Dame with
its famous bell which is classed amongst the largest in the world, the Jesuit
Church and College, Notre Dame de Lourdes, Bonsecours Church, dating
from 1659, the Church of the Gesu, the English Cathedral, St. James
(Methodist), and Erskine, St. Paul's and St. Andrew's (Presbyterian) are
worth seeing. Mount Royal, from which the city takes its name, affords a
delightful drive (or it can be ascended by incline railway), and from its d °
9 *
ft  « QUEBEC 31
summit is seen the grandest panorama of the picturesque valleys of the St.
Lawrence and Ottawa rivers that is obtainable. Beyond the Belceil peaks
eastward the Green Mountains of Vermont can be distinguished on clear
days; to the south are the Adirondacks; and along the north runs the
Laurentian range, oldest of the world's mountains. Other points of
interest are the Victoria Bridge, spanning the St. Lawrence, McGill University, Royal Victoria College for Women, Windsor Station and offices
of the Canadian Pacific Railway Co., Nelson Monument, Champ de Mars
(the military parade ground of the early days), the Maisonneuve Monument on Place d'Armes, the immense C. P. R. Angus shops at the east end,
Dominion Square, Royal Victoria Hospital, Place d'Armes, Chateau de
Ramezay, Bonsecours Market on market days, the Place Viger Hotel and
passenger station of the Canadian Pacific Railway, a magnificent modern
structure recently erected opposite Place Viger, from which trains leave
for and arrive from Quebec, and which is also conveniently near the
wharves of the lake and ocean steamers. A run down the Lachine Rapids
is an enjoyable experience and visits worth making are to the curious old
Iroquois Indian Village of Caughnawaga, opposite Lachine, the home of
the remnant of a once powerful nation, also to St. Helen's Island, Back
River, Bout de l'lsle, Isle Gros Bois, Westmount, the fashionable suburb,
or any of the numerous city parks and public buildings. Montreal has an
admirable electric street car system, and its cab service is noted for its
excellence and cheapness.
The Capital of Canada
Visitors to Quebec, via Montreal, can easily reach Ottawa, the Capital
of the Dominion, by the Canadian Pacific or other railways, or by river in
summer, the railway run being three hours from the commercial metropolis
by the C. P. R. short line, which runs up the Ontario bank of the Ottawa
river. Ottawa is another city whose site is one of picturesque grandeur.
It is located on the Ottawa River, where the Rideau and Gatineau join,
and where the waters of the first named hurl themselves over the Chaudiere
Falls into a seething cauldron below. But it is the Dominion Government
buildings which are the chief pride of Ottawa, and the principal objects of
interest to tourists. They stand out boldly on Parliament Hill, overlooking the Ottawa.    They were erected at a cost of about $5,000,000, the 32
corner stone being laid in i860 by the Prince of Wales, now King Edward
VII. The octagonal shaped library in the rear of the Houses of Parliament
is one of the most complete in the world, and contains 300,000
volumes, some of which are exceedingly rare. Other objects of interest are
Rideau Hall, the home of the Governor-General of Canada, Rideau Canal,
connecting the Ottawa with Lake Ontario at Kingston, built in 1827, for
military purposes, the Fisheries Exhibit, National Art Gallery, Geological
Museum, the Lover's Walk, Central Experimental Farm, Rockcliffe and
Major Hill Parks, the city buildings, extensive saw-mills, and the timber
slides by which the square timber from the Upper Ottawa passes down
without damage into the navigable waters below. To go down these
slides, as many visitors do, is an exciting and exhilarating experience.
Opposite Ottawa is the French city of Hull, and combined they have a
population of about 90,000.
There are many pleasant resorts near Ottawa, and the Gatineau
Valley, reached by rail, is a delightful summering place for the pleasure
and health seeker, the angler and the sportsman in quest of large and
small game.
Parliament Buildings, Ottawa
Cape Diamond
Parliament Bldg.
Chateau Frontenac
Canadian Pacific Hotel System
Laval University
Lower ToWn
and Canadian Pacific Station
Canadian Pacific Docks
R.M.S.0. Empress of Britain
Canadian Pacific Atlantic Service m


Citation Scheme:


Citations by CSL (citeproc-js)

Usage Statistics



Customize your widget with the following options, then copy and paste the code below into the HTML of your page to embed this item in your website.
                            <div id="ubcOpenCollectionsWidgetDisplay">
                            <script id="ubcOpenCollectionsWidget"
                            async >
IIIF logo Our image viewer uses the IIIF 2.0 standard. To load this item in other compatible viewers, use this url:


Related Items