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REPORT OF THE FOREST SERVICE YEAR ENDED DECEMBER 31, 1976 British Columbia. Legislative Assembly 1977

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 PROVINCE OF BRITISH COLUMBIA
MINISTRY OF FORESTS
Hon. T. M. Waterland, Minister J. S. Stokes, Deputy Minister
REPORT
of the
FOREST SERVICE
YEAR ENDED DECEMBER 31, 1976
Printed by K. M. MacDonald, Printer to the Queen's Most Excellent Majesty
in right of the Province of British Columbia.
1977
  Victoria, B.C., June 13, 1977.
Colonel the Honourable Walter S. Owen, Q.C, LL.D.,
Lieutenant-Governor of British Columbia.
May it please Your Honour:
Herewith I respectfully submit the Annual Report of the Forest Service for
1976.
T. M. WATERLAND
Minister of Forests
 The Honourable T. M. Waterland,
Minister of Forests,
Victoria, B.C.
Sir: This is the Annual Report of the Forest Service for 1976.
J. S. STOKES
Deputy Minister of Forests
 CONTENTS
Page
Forest Service Directory  6
Forest Service Organization    7
Chief Forester's Report  8
Forest Protection Program  9
Fire Suppression Program  10
Student Summer Employment Program  10
Public Information and Education Program  10
Reforestation Program  11
Nursery Operations  11
Seed Processing  12
Seed Orchards  12
Forest Camps  12
Inventory Program  12
Research Program  13
Range Management Program  14
Resource Planning Program  15
Reservoir Waterway Improvement Program  15
Engineering Support Services Program  16
Forest Development Roads Program  16
Training School  16
Special Studies Division  17
 R 6 BRITISH COLUMBIA
FOREST SERVICE DIRECTORY
Executive Committee
J. S. Stokes, Deputy Minister of Forests, Victoria
E. L. Young, Chief Forester, Victoria
R. W. Robbins, Assistant Chief Forester (Operations), Victoria
W. Young, Assistant Chief Forester (Resource Management), Victoria
P. J. J. Hemphill, Director of Services, Victoria
J. E. Milroy, Director, Range Branch, Victoria
Staff Consultant
J. A. K. Reid
Staff Division Heads
A. M. Brand, Personnel Officer-in-charge, Personnel Division, Victoria
J. B. Bruce, Forester-in-charge, Reforestation Division, Victoria
J. H. Carradice, Director, Forest Service Training School, Surrey
D. R. Glew, Forester-in-charge, Inventory Division, Victoria
C. J. Highsted, Forester-in-charge, Resource Planning Division,
Victoria
E. Knight, Manager, Special Studies Division, Victoria
L. W. Lehrle, Forester-in-charge, Engineering Division, Victoria
R. W. Long, Departmental Comptroller, Victoria
E. H. Lyons, Forester-in-charge, Information Division, Victoria
D. H. Owen, Forester-in-charge, Protection Division, Victoria
A. B. Robinson, Forester-in-charge, Administration Division, Victoria
R. D. Thomas, Forester-in-charge, Valuation Division, Victoria
G. C. Warrack, Forester-in-charge, Research Division, Victoria
District Foresters
W. G. Bishop, District Forester, Vancouver
A. H. Dixon, District Forester, Kamloops
M. G. Isenor, District Forester, Prince George
J. R. Johnston, District Forester, Nelson
A. C. MacPherson, District Forester, Prince Rupert
E. W. Robinson, District Forester, Cariboo
 FOREST SERVICE,  1976
FOREST SERVICE ORGANIZATION
R 7
MINISTER OF FORESTS
DEPUTY MINISTER OF FORESTS
CHIEF FORESTER
STAFF CONSULTANT
DIRECTOR OF SERVICES
SPECIAL STUDIES
ASSISTANT CHIEF FORESTER
{RESOURCE MANAGEMENT)
TRAINING
SCHOOL
PERSONNEL     ,    j     PROTECTION     *'•     INFORMATION I
COMPTROLLER ENGINEERING
FOREST DISTRICTS
ASSISTANT CHIEF FORESTER
(OPERATIONS)
FOREST       RESEARCH   ADMINISTRATION
VALUATION
■BirrHITF1
VANCOUVER PRINCE PRINCE CARIBOO        KAMLOOPS        NELSON
RUPERT GEORGE
REFORESTATION   RESOURCE   INVENTORY
PLANNING
FOREST DISTRICT BOUNDARY m,
DISTRICT HEADQUARTERS O
RANGER STATION
 R 8
BRITISH COLUMBIA
CHIEF FORESTER'S REPORT
In many respects 1976 was a progressive year in terms of economics, planning,
and social implication.
Although it didn't approach the "boom" period of several years ago, the
financial picture of 1976 reflected considerable improvement over the previous
year. Total revenue from stumpage and other forest resource sources was $63,-
018,456, compared with $57,979,807 in 1975—an increase of nearly 9 per cent.
Amounts charged against logging operations totalled $66,564,449, an increase
of more than 52 per cent over 1975.
The year also saw an increase in the timber harvest of the Province: 13,182,376
cunits in the Interior, and 11,368,726 cunits on the Coast. The figures for 1975
were 10,139,399 cunits for the Interior and 7,545,287 cunits on the Coast.
The general lumber market improved considerably, due primarily to an
increase in housing starts both in Canada and the United States. Housing starts in
British Columbia for the year were set at 36,500—second only to the record year
of 1973 which were recorded at 37,600.
The total value of forest resource product shipments this year has been estimated at $4 billion—an increase of 33 per cent from the $3 billion mark established
in 1975.
Some 85,000 people (roughly 9 per cent of British Columbia's labour force)
were employed by the forest resource industries.
Our economists report that lumber production in 1976 reached about 9.74
billion board feet, which is nearly 67 per cent of Canada's lumber production, and
an increase of some 30 per cent over the previous year.
The year also saw an increase in plywood production—2.14 billion square
feet, a 20-per-cent jump over 1975.
Although off to a slow start, the pulp sector also showed signs of improvement
with the year's production estimated at 5.75 million tons—an increase of 32 per cent
over the previous year and about 27 per cent of the entire Canadian production.
Paper production for the year was approximately 2.13 million tons, with newsprint accounting for about 68 per cent of the total.
By year's end the total value of shipments in the pulp and paper segment was
estimated at $1.69 billion—up 22 per cent over the 1975 level of $1.38 billion.
Although the trend has been building up for several years, 1976 saw a literal
"explosion" in constructive input from the general public in matters involving plans
for our forest resources.
In the interest of strengthening the credibility and accountability of the Forest
Service it is essential we establish two-way lines of communication with a concerned public.
For the first time, on a large scale, public meetings, information forums, and
similar programs were staged at many widely scattered points throughout the
Province. In many regions citizens' advisory committees were formed to work and
plan with Forest Service personnel.
Some significant strides were made in this direction during 1976. Effective
public participation took place in forest resource planning in numerous regions of
the Province. They included the City of Nelson's watershed, and its adjacent
Blewett watershed; the Seven Sisters Mountain between Terrace and Hazelton;
and Christina Lake, near Grand Forks. In the Smithers PSYU a public participation program which commenced early in the year is proving so successful it might
well serve as a "planning blueprint" for other regions of the Province.
 FOREST SERVICE,   1976
R 9
Hydro development plans of the year included the construction of a dam
near Revelstoke. For the first time the Forest Service launched legal objections
to the proposed flooding of thousands of acres of forest land. By year's end the
dam proposal was still being negotiated.
Undoubtedly the administrative highlight of 1976 was the completed report
of forest economist Dr. Peter Pearse—a one-man Royal Commission which conducted a Province-wide study into practically all aspects of our forest resources.
His two-volume report was released in November.
Before year's end a special Forest Service Advisory Committee, headed by
forest consultant Robert Wood, was appointed to make a detailed study of Dr.
Pearse's numerous recommendations.
The special committee was given a year to submit recommendations. Among
the objectives of the study is a rewriting of the Province's Forest Act (presented
originally in 1912 and "Band-Aided" in numerous times since), and a review of
the Grazing Act.
Another noteworthy planning program is now under way in the Sayward
Forest—a quarter of a million acres of fine forest land in the heart of Vancouver
Island. The second-growth forest born from the ashes of a great fire nearly 40
years ago is now the target of a special committee charged with formulating a master
management plan. This, too, may well become a blueprint for other specific
forests elsewhere in British Columbia.
The following pages present summarized program accounts for the year.
FOREST PROTECTION PROGRAM
The Forest Protection Program underwent a number of significant developments in 1976.
The Douglas-fir tussock moth control project in the Jameson Creek area
north of Kamloops was continued a second season with 25,000 acres of the total
45,000-acre infestation resprayed with an experimental chemical, Orthene. Results
of the 1976 operations have been judged as excellent by monitoring agencies of
the Federal Department of Environment and the U.S. Forest Service. This particular
insect has been controlled successfully, at least temporarily, with no apparent or
known environmental damage.
A concerted effort was made in all six forest districts to augment the detection
service of the Forest Insect and Disease Survey in order that operational planning
to control some of the widespread infestations encompassing many hundreds of
thousands acres of mountain pine beetle, spruce budworm, Douglas-fir, and spruce
bark beetles can get under way for 1977. Much essential mapping work was done
by students and forestry crews to fill this need.
A number of field training seminars for root rot were held throughout the
Province by the Canadian Forestry Service with the co-operation of the Forest
Service.
A task force, comprised of staff from Provincial and Federal departments and
industrial groups studied the spruce budworm infestation covering 600,000 acres
in the Fraser Canyon-Lillooet area and submitted a recommendation to the Forest
Service for control of this devastating insect.
The widespread nature and extent of the infestation, combined with the variety
of insects involved, forebodes potentially dire consequences for the forest resource
if control techniques are not implemented in the near future.
 R  10
BRITISH COLUMBIA
FIRE SUPPRESSION PROGRAM
The 1976 fire season will undoubtedly be recorded as one of the lightest fire
seasons for several decades due to the unusually cool, wet weather that prevailed
throughout the entire Province much of the season.
A brief period of severe spring hazard developed in the Peace River District.
However, by the end of May, the flurry of early season fires, several of considerable
size, had subsided with the development of the same cool, wet weather pattern
over the remainder of the Province.
The fall months of September and October improved sufficiently, weatherwise,
to permit a considerable amount of prescribed burning, at least in the southern
half of the Province. As a result, site preparation and hazard abatement are more
or less current and no significant backlog will remain for 1977. The northern
forest districts unfortunately were not able to accomplish their objectives for
prescribed burning this season.
A total of 888 fires was recorded, roughly one third of the annual average
during the past 10 years. Direct expenditure by the Forest Service was $2.5
million, with staff overhead costs of overtime and standby to be added. The logging industry and other agencies spent an additional $1.4 million on suppression.
Damage was estimated at $2.6 million, encompassing 140,000 acres (57 000
hectares).
STUDENT SUMMER EMPLOYMENT PROGRAM
After repeated delays, the Student Summer Employment Program got under
way early in June. Approximately 2,100 students, disadvantaged, and native
Indians were employed on many worth-while forestry and recreation projects at
120 locations throughout the Province. The depressed employment situation in
industry would have created real hardship to many of these young people if the
Forest Service program in co-operation with the Ministry of Labour "Work in
Government Program" had not materialized during 1976.
PUBLIC INFORMATION AND EDUCATION
PROGRAM
This past year the Information Division undertook a review of the entire line
of publications. Major factors considered were the intent, cost, distribution, and
over-all effectiveness.
As a result of this review, the Information Division is exercising greater coordination of all printed communications originating from the Forest Service.
Many publications are in the process of being phased out, replaced, redesigned,
and several new ones initiated.
After a brief interruption in production, our quarterly resource magazine
ForesTalk resumed publication—"to encourage interest, discussion, and understanding of British Columbia's forest resources."
Wilderness Survival, a pocket-sized booklet available late in 1975, proved
popular enough for a second printing in 1976. By year's end a total of 110,000
copies had been distributed to various organizations throughout the Province.
A third printing is scheduled for 1977.
 FOREST SERVICE,  1976
R  11
A long-desired tree identification booklet was completed, with first printing
set for March 1977.
In our continuing program to encourage the teaching of forestry-oriented
subjects in the schools, the Forest Service in co-operation with the Vancouver
Environmental Education Program, Faculty of Education, UBC, worked on several
new teachers' guides. These included Forest Appreciation, Measuring the Forest,
Classroom Nursery, and Forest Nursery Studies, which were released in 1976.
In addition, we assisted in a special program specifically developed for the British
Columbia Forest Museum in Duncan.
Two new units, There's Dirt in the Forest and Seeing Through the Trees, are
being prepared for distribution in 1977. Development work is continuing on a
forest land use game.
In co-operation with the Pacific Forest Research Centre in Victoria, and the
Protection Division, a new film was released, titled "The Trees Are Brown." In
co-operation with the Reforestation Division, three films, "Well Heeled," "The
Checker," and "Model Planter" were also released.
REFORESTATION PROGRAM
Again in 1976 significant gains were made in the Reforestation Program, with
nearly 73 million seedlings planted on a total of 156,000 acres by all agencies—
30.5 million by the Forest Service and approximately 42.5 million by various
companies.
This was an increase of 8 million trees over the previous year and, whereas
the planting done by the Forest Service was reduced from that of 1975, company
planting was increased through greater involvement in timber sale harvesting
licences. The Forest Service awarded 264 contracts to independent planters (an
increase of 33 over last year) and itself undertook 478 planting projects.
Some 104,000 acres, or more than double those of the previous year, were
prepared for planting and over 78,000 acres were prepared for natural regeneration.
Thinning and clearing of brush was implemented on 4,500 acres to maintain suitable
stocking levels and promote growth of immature conifer stands.
The project to control tree-damaging dwarf mistletoe was increased to cover
440 acres in 1976. Forest Service crews in all forest districts examined 370,000
acres of logged and (or) burned land to determine the extent of stocking. Of this
acreage, 63 per cent was considered to be satisfactorily stocked.
NURSERY OPERATIONS
Up to 1975 the expansion of nursery facilities and productive capacity dominated nursery activities. During 1976, nursery operations were primarily concerned
with increasing the efficiency of production and improving seedling quality within
the new facilities.
Seed was sown in the nurseries to produce 80 million seedlings, fully utilizing
the container unit capacity of 20 million completed in 1975 and 80 per cent of field
capacity by sowing 60 million for bareroot production. The residual field capacity
was used to transplant 2-year-old seedlings when over-runs in Interior spruce production coincided with a reduction in acreage harvested and sites prepared in 1975.
Our nurseries produced 73.5 million trees for planting in 1976. In addition,
two million seedlings were distributed to public and community agencies as part of
the Provincially sponsored urban improvement program, which was initiated after
 R  12
BRITISH COLUMBIA
the withdrawal of the Federal program under which the stock was intended to be
used in conjunction with the United Nations Habitat Conference held in Vancouver.
The Provincial program was very successful, with many cities and towns participating through locally initiated community urban improvement projects.
Frost heaving at several coastal nurseries experienced early in 1976 resulted
in the loss of several million 1-year-old spruce seedlings. Fortunately, these losses
were offset by the carry-over of spruce transplants and the effect on scheduled
planting projects will be minimized.
Additional container units constructed in 1976/77 will provide a total sowing
capacity of 27 million container seedlings for the spring of 1977.
Improvements in cultural practices, stock quality, and efficiency of operation
will continue to be emphasized in 1977, with the agricultural specialists, nursery
technicians, and operational personnel working as a team to achieve more efficient
use of funds and personnel, necessary to produce the high-quality seedlings essential
for an effective Provincial reforestation program.
SEED PROCESSING
In 1976, a total of over 1 100 kilograms of seed was withdrawn from seed
storage for use in forest nursery sowings and the seed-extraction plant at Duncan
processed 12,614 bushels of cones to produce over 3 000 kilograms of additional
seed. A mobile seed-extraction unit is scheduled for delivery early in 1977 to
regionalize seed-extraction capability.
SEED ORCHARDS
Development activities were continued which included the selection of high-
quality parent trees, propagating materials from selected trees, and propagation of
stock for seed orchard establishment. To produce trees for use in the orchards,
8,320 grafts were completed at the Skimikin Nursery.
To expedite the collection of propagative material for seed orchard operations,
a safety plan has been developed to enable the use of helicopters in this important
phase.
The collection of 290 bushels of Douglas-fir cones from four seed orchards
(two company, two Forest Service) on southern Vancouver Island marks the
beginning of production of significant amounts of improved seed; this represents
enough seed to produce 3 million seedlings of superior quality.
FOREST CAMPS
The Forest Service continued its co-operative programs with the Corrections
Branch, Ministry of the Attorney-General; Canadian Penitentiary Service; Ministry
of Human Resources; and the Federal Agricultural Rehabilitation and Development
Agency. Inmates and unemployed again worked on a wide variety of projects
ranging from tree-stand tending to fire-fighting.
INVENTORY PROGRAM
Reinventory surveys were completed on five units in 1976: Big Bar, Burns
Lake, Ootsa, Skeena, and Smithers Public Sustained-yield Units (PSYU's). In all
cases, field measurements were made in metric measure.
The two subsections of the Growth and Yield Section, Inventory Division,
completed an active program.  The Natural Stands Subsection established 134 new
 FOREST SERVICE,  1976
R  13
permanent growth plots in the Finlay PSYU; remeasured 99 ten-year old permanent
growth plots in the Niskonlith, Nehalliston, and Salmon Arm PSYU's; and re-
measured three experimental plots on Vancouver Island. This subsection also
completed the preparation of age 50 site index curves for most Interior species and
prepared local yield curves for the main types in 10 PSYU's. The Managed Stands
Subsection stem-mapped 308 plots and remeasured 280 plots on the Lower Coast.
The Volume and Decay Section sampled balsam stands in the Smithers PSYU
for local loss factors and added more data for a balsam snag recovery study and a
larch loss factor study in the Cranbrook and Fernie PSYU's.
The low-level fixed-base air photography program aided the work of the
Managed Stands Section (spring and fall photos), for four survey projects (Big
Bar, Ootsa, Skeena, and Smithers PSYU's), and completed reconnaisance photography for the proposed 1977 inventory survey projects.
The Draughting, Compilation, and Publishing Sections produced most of the
907 forest cover maps and statements and unit reports for the areas surveyed.
RESEARCH PROGRAM
This was a year devoted to the maintenance of the momentum of existing
activities owing to the need to hold expenditures of operating funds at the 1975
level. Programs in tree improvement, silviculture, and forest productivity all made
steady advances none the less.
The Douglas-fir breeding program is well into the stage of progeny plot
establishment; Interior spruce plus-tree grafts have been planted at the southern
Interior forest research centre at Vernon and the grafting stage is well under way
for the lodgepole pine program.
Renewed attention was given to ecological classification and the integrated use
of soils, climate, and vegetation information in the analysis of silvicultural treatments.
The forest productivity program concentrated on development and implementation of a system of simulators for growth and yield prediction by expediting
the organization and rationalization of a regional data base; by calibration and
validation of stand and single tree-growth models; and by initiation of analysis of
fertilization, thinning, and spacing trials. Work on development of more efficient
growth-sampling methods continued, as did the evaluation and testing of modelling
approaches and methods of defining competition between trees.
Needs for economic input were clarified and several studies were initiated. Of
particular interest is a co-operative study between industry and the Provincial
Government concerned with defining the present status of treated stands, both
operational and research in the Vancouver Forest District. Also, during the year,
forest productivity information needs in the Interior were reviewed and were related
to several operational and research initiatives in that zone.
Responsibility for the administrative support of the Forest Research Board and
its six committees rests with the Research Division. During the year, these committees were active and made considerable progress toward the co-ordination of a
Provincial research effort to assist the managers of the forest resource in the definition, priorization, and achievement of their specific goals.
 R  14 BRITISH COLUMBIA
RANGE MANAGEMENT PROGRAM
In many ways, 1976 was a year of new optimism for Range Administration in
British Columbia. Dreams and promises began to materialize. Branch status for
the former Range Division with a Director on the Forest Service Executive affirmed
intentions of the Service to give greater recognition to its responsibilities under the
Grazing Act.
During the year the staff complement was increased from 20 to 23 incumbents
in the fixed roster of 25 professional positions. When full professional staffing is
achieved and the needed and proposed technical and support staff increment
materializes in the next year or two, the Branch should be able to cope adequately
with its responsibilities for protection, enhancement, and usage of range in the
integrated resource management scene. The outlook has materially strengthened
morale in the Branch.
Communication with other agencies of government and with industry continued
to advance. Ground was prepared, in the latter part of the year, for launching term
grazing permits to begin the 1977 grazing season. The rapidly increasing number
of Co-ordinated Plan completions attests to their popularity as vehicles for securing
abatement of resource-user conflicts.
There was some furtherance of decentralization of Regional Range Agrologists
to zone headquarters. Several Branch personnel gained familiarity with Coordinated Resource planning by participation at training sessions in eastern Oregon.
Range utilization appraisal techniques were shown and taught to select representatives, also in eastern Oregon. Our Special Consultant until August 31, 1976,
E. W. Anderson, arranged these beneficial training sessions in his homeland.
The range livestock industry expresses hearty concurrence with the new trends
in administration. On their own economic front, however, the industry people
"took it on the chin" again in 1976. Haying weather was generally poor throughout
the Province. Cut hay was spoiled during curing or it became overmature in the
stand while weather improvement was hoped for. Cattle market prices did not
strengthen at all from what they were the year before. Bluetongue quarantine
procedures in the southern Okanagan area severely upset the equilibrium there.
Range plants, after a slow start in cool, overcast spring and early summer
weather, did give high net yields. Ranges stayed green all summer and on into
fall. Good fall weather for rustling the ammals out helped conserve the limited
winter feed. Extensions of grazing permits were granted on an individual basis
where need could be met out of satisfactory condition range.
After several damper than normal summers, a trend to trees and shrubs begins
to be manifest in areas betwixt the drybelt and Interior wetbelt zones. These are
the areas in which conflicts seem most sharp between the resource-user groups.
Expenditure by one interest for enhancement of its use threatens some displacement
of the other uses. Range Branch personnel are spending ever-larger allocations of
time on resolution of resource conflicts.
Livestock numbers using Crown range continue to show a slight decline, except
in the Prince George Grazing District, where new frontiers and pasture developments
offer summertime accommodation for domestic livestock. While the northland is
expanding, the opposite trend in southern British Columbia tells the inability of
some operators to ride out the present economic storm. It reflects also a conservatism toward resource allocation by the Forest Service. Defaulting users create some
vacancies on range but, only where resource condition and management practices
are satisfactory are reallocations being made. Without detracting from conservative
 FOREST SERVICE,  1976
R 15
reallocation and from integrated resource use concepts, the thrust now is to invoke
management prescriptions in the new term grazing permits which will foster inputs
by the user (permittee) and the Crown (permittor) to ensure range productivity
improvement.
RESOURCE PLANNING PROGRAM
The Resource Planning Program underwent a year of increased development
within the framework of the five levels of resource planning—Provincial, regional,
unit, sub-unit, and operational.
Special attention was given the unit level with emphasis on a pilot planning
program in the Smithers PSYU. Public involvement in the planning process was
beneficial and successful.
Discussion papers covering several major aspects of the planning process were
sent to a wide range of resource administrators users. The papers informed concerned persons with the resource planning process and invited their advice and
assistance.
The Resource Planning Division co-ordinated sub-unit planning procedures
in accordance with a priority system approved by the Ministries of Environment,
Recreation and Conservation, Agriculture, and Forests. The system was devised to
provide a realistic approach to sub-unit plans (folios) commensurate with staff and
time capabilities of the resource agencies involved.
The Forest Recreation Section of the Division continued its management and
development of forest recreation within established policy and procedures.
There are now 970 forest recreation-sites maintained by the Forest Service
throughout the Province. During the year the sites were used by 1,223,300 persons
—the majority being British Columbia residents. Projects of 1976 included signposting, site design, trail construction, canoe route reconnaissance, winter recreation
planning, and inventory of recreation features and aesthetic/landscape design.
Forest Recreation-sites
Forest District
Number at
Year-end
Visitors
1976
Number at
Year-end
Visitors
136
233
174
137
53
150
58,000
230,000
87,000
1          166,000
|             18,000
!          335,000
145
233
236
153
50
153
85.400
550,000
Nelson _  	
94,500
150,000
Prince Rupert ...   , 	
Vancouver -	
38,400
305,000
Totals     .
883
894,000
i
970
1,223,300
RESERVOIR WATERWAY IMPROVEMENT PROGRAM
Clearing operations continued at a reduced scale on the Peace, Duncan, and
Stave reservoirs. No operations were carried out on the Mica Creek reservoir;
work there may be continued by B.C. Hydro. In conjunction with the Prince
George District recreational program, the Peace Waterways Improvement Project
supervised the development of trails and camp-sites in the Williston Lake area,
employing 46 local students under a "Work-in-Government" program.
 R  16
BRITISH COLUMBIA
ENGINEERING SUPPORT SERVICES PROGRAM
Some 21 communication-site surveys were completed and 12 repeaters installed. The current availability of prefabricated fibreglass shelters to house radio
repeaters complete with antennas has made usable many high-elevation sites having
climatic conditions once considered too severe.
FOREST DEVELOPMENT ROADS PROGRAM
There was no major construction of forest roads, although the forest districts
carried out routine maintenance. Road maintenance work was also done on the
North Island, Cayoosh-Joffre, and Germansen Landing roads at the request of the
Ministry of Highways and Public Works. Support was given to several districts in
the evaluation of licensee-constructed roads and bridges.
Survey assistance was given to several forest districts in road location and
reconnaissance. Site surveys were made of two large nursery areas as well as about
12 other sites.
Three bridge-site investigations were made on the Fraser River, and assistance
was given to districts in evaluating several dozen bridge proposals and problems.
Five area investigations into public sustained-yield unit development, two studies of
proposed railroad abandonments, and 10 road studies in connection with access and
log transportation were made. Other work included a review of Fraser River debris
and its implication for the Strait of Georgia, a study of the impact of the proposed
Revelstoke Dam on log transport, and an evaluation of log requirements of Cariboo
Forest District sawmills.
TRAINING SCHOOL
During 1976, two Unit IV courses were held with a total enrolment of 48
students. This course, entitled "Managerial Skills and Concepts for Forest Land
Managers," is of four months' duration and concentrates on administration, communication, and the principles of forest land management. This course is designed
to develop skills and concepts essential for personnel wishing to promote to the
Ranger, Zone Forester, or senior specialist positions where managerial skills are a
requirement.
A major breakthrough was made in the area of updating and refresher courses
for senior field personnel during 1976. The first formal refresher courses for
Rangers were held during 1976. Two courses of three weeks' duration were held
during January and February for senior Rangers. These courses covered the
principles of administration, modern forest management practices, and fire management.   Further refresher courses are scheduled for 1977.
New innovations were started in two other areas in 1976. A two-week Training
Managers Course was put on for our District Training Managers and a Basic Supervision Course was initiated for clerical supervisors. Both of these courses were
highly successful and further courses are proposed for 1977.
Two reports on organization of the Forest Service were completed. One
arising from the Eden Fire Committee which became a full, comprehensive report
on ranger district organization; the other was a committee formed under the Chairmanship of W. Young, Assistant Chief Forester (Resource Management), which
offered a number of recommendations to eliminate some present problems and to
change the organization for more efficient operation in the future.
 FOREST SERVICE,  1976
R  17
SPECIAL STUDIES DIVISION
The Division was created to undertake specialized studies and to provide
specialist input in systems development, financial analysis, in economics and in
resource management. The participation of the Division in these various areas has
not developed uniformly and opportunity for an expanding role in these aspects of
Forest Service planning exists.
Projects undertaken by the Division fall into three categories:
To assist divisions and districts:
To prepare confidential information for senior staff:
To undertake special studies of a multi-disciplinary nature.
Studies completed in this latter group include the report "Opportunities for the
Expansion of Pulp Production in Southern British Columbia." In addition, several
analyses concerning confidential submission to Government were undertaken to
assist in determining policy guidelines applicable to each situation.
A study of the organization and work performed by the Forest Ranger staff
was completed and provided an objective supplement to studies of Forest Service
organization. Studies of production costing of forest nursery operations and
analyses of the results have provided that program with basic information necessary
for comparison of the effectiveness of the various processes now in use.
  APPENDIX
TABULATED DETAILED STATEMENTS TO SUPPLEMENT   THE   REPORT   OF   THE   FOREST   SERVICE,
1976
  FOREST SERVICE,  1976 R 21
CONTENTS
Table Page
1—Summary of Planting, 1967-76    23
2—Planting by Forest District, 1976  24
3—Acres Clearcut and Acre Planted in Public Sustained-yield Units by
Forest District, 1972-76    24
4—Site Preparation, 1976, Forest Service and Licensees on PSYU's  25
5—Stand Improvement and Tending, 1976, Forest Service and Licensee on
PSYU's  25
6—Regeneration Surveys, 1976, Forest Service and Licensees on PSYU's  26
7—Cone Collections, 1976, Forest Service (Bushels)  26
8—Summary of Basic Data for Certified Tree-farms, 1976    27
9—Summary of Basic Data for Farm Wood-lot Licences, 1976  27
10—Summary of Basic Data for Public Sustained-yield Units, 1976   28
11—Summary of Basic Data for Tree-farm Licences, 1976  31
12—Total Scale of Christmas Trees Billed, 1970-76  33
13—Total Amount of Timber Scale Billed in British Columbia During the
Years 1975 and 1976  34
14—Total Scale of All Products Billed in 1976  35
15—Species Cut, All Products, 1976  36
16—Acreage Logged, 1976  36
17—Unit Standard Reinventory Surveys, 1976 Field Work  37
18—Production of Final Forest Cover Maps for 1975 Projects  37
19—Average Bid Stumpage Prices by Species and Forest Districts on Cutting
Permits of Timber Sale Harvesting Licences and Timber Sales Issued
During 1976 per Cunit Log Scale   38
20—Average Stumpage Prices Received by Species and Forest Districts of
Timber Scaled From Tree-farm Licence Cutting Permits During 1976.... 39
21—Timber Cut and Billed From Timber Sales and Timber Sale Harvesting
Licences, 1976  40
22—Wood-processing Plants of the Province  41
23—Export of Logs, 1976 (in cunits)  42
24—Exports From the Province of Other Forest Products, 1976  43
25—Uses of Crown Range, 1976  44
26—Fire Occurrences by Months, 1976  45
27—Number and Causes of Forest Fires, 1976  45
 R 22 BRITISH COLUMBIA
Table Page
28—Number and Causes of Forest Fires for the Last 10 Years  45
29—Fires Classified by Size and Timber Loss, 1976  46
30—Loss of Property Other Than Forests, 1976    47
31—Loss of Forest Cover Caused by Forest Fires, 1976 (Part 1)  47
32—Loss of Forest Cover Caused by Forest Fires, 1976 (Part 2)  48
33—Fire Causes, Area Burned, Forest Service Cost, and Total Damage, 1976— 49
34—Comparison of Loss Caused by Forest Fires in Last 10 Years, 1976  50
35—Fires Classified by Forest District and Cost per Fire of Fire-fighting,
1976  51
36—Forest Revenue, Fiscal Year 1975/76  52
37—Forest Revenue, 1972-76  52
38—Amounts Charged Against Logging Operations, Fiscal Year 1975/76  53
39—Amounts Charged Against Logging Operations, 1976  54
40—Forest Service Expenditures, Fiscal Year 1975/76  55
41—Scaling Fund  55
42—Grazing Range Improvement Fund  55
43—Reservoir Waterway Improvements   5 6
44—Accelerated Reforestation Fund  5 6
 FOREST SERVICE,  1976
R 23
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 R 24
BRITISH COLUMBIA
Table 2—Planting by Forest District, 1976
(Number of trees in thousands, acres in parentheses below)
Forest
Service on
Crown Land
and Crown-
granted
Land
Companies
on TSL's,
TSHL's on
Crown Land
Companies on Tree-farm Licences
Tree-farm
Companies
on Other
Private
District
Crown
Land
Crown-
granted
Land
Total
District
Totals
Vancouver
Prince Rupert.
5,280.6
(11,665)
5,134.6
(11,650)
7,650.4
(14,262)
2,840.9
(5,237)
5,068.4
(9,891)
4,376.3
(8,022)
2,028.3
(4,597)
1,937.3
(3,802)
7,744.1
(15,677)
3,477.1
(6,723)
1,631.41
(3,146)
2,589.5
(5,277)
9,565.7
(27,630)
1,336.8
(3,205)
1,551.2
(3,333)
784.2
(1,576)
900.0
(1,840)
290.6
(534)
873.4
(2,497)
3.8
(17)
10,439.1
(30,127)
1,340.6
(3,222)
1,551.2
(3,333)
784.2
(1,576)
900.0
(1,840)
290.6
(534)
1,584.7
(4,040)
5,605.5
(9,847)
24,938.2
(60,276)
8,412.5
(18,674)
16,945.7
(33,272)
7,102.2
(13,536)
566.4
(1,240)
8,166.2
(16,117)
7,256.4
	
     1    	
(13,833)
Totals
30,351.2
(60,727)
19.407.7
(39,222)
14.428.5
(38,118)
877.2
(2,514)
15,305.7
(40,632)
2,151.1
(5,280)
5,605.5
(9,847)
72,821.2
(155,708)
1 Includes 32,000 trees planted by Ministry of Highways and Public Works and Cominco Parks.
/
Table 3—Acres Clearcut and Acres Planted in Public Sustained-yield Units by
Forest District, 1972-76 (Acres Planted Includes Forest Service and Licensee
Planting in PSYU's)
District
1972
Vancouver—
Acres clearcut
Acres planted.
Prince Rupert—
Acres clearcut
Acres planted..
Prince George—
Acres clearcut
Acres planted.
Cariboo—
Acres clearcut
Acres planted
Kamloops—
Acres clearcut
Acres planted
Nelson—
Acres clearcut
Acres planted
Totals-
Acres clearcut
Acres planted.
28,431
27,604
20,243
8,287
73,683
4,840
33,534
5,269
37,343
5,381
j
32,980 |
8,902 |
1973
38,168
28,205
30,815
17,212
78,107
8,274
32,704
6,506
42,074
3,635
32,304
9,505
1974
1975
226,214 | 254,172
60,283 |    73,337
25,282
21,375
29,409
8,132
82,242
14,281
30,621
11,540
26,952
7,318
30,716
10,557
225,222
73,743
21,339
19,380
17,341
11,586
66,359
22,128
29,328
18,426
26,042
11,290
19,917
15,780
1976
Total
Five-year
Period
Accumulative
Total,
1971 +
180,326
98,590
30,675
16,262
27,906
18,674
74,792
33,272
36,003
13,833
44,400
13,536
35,170
15,980
248,946
111,557
143,895
112,826
125,714
63,891  |
I
375,183
82,795
162,190
55,601
176,811
41,160
151,087
60,724
1,134,880
416,997
172,796
134,311
146,994
74,445
448,529
89,255
187,959
60,367
203,939
47,516
179,534
67,369
Per Cent
Cutover
Planted,
1971 +
,339,751 |
473,263 |
77.7
50.6
19.9
32.1
23.3
37.5
35.3
 FOREST SERVICE,  1976 R 25
Table 4—Site Preparation, 1976, Forest Service and Licensees on PSYU's
Prime Objective Indicated in Appropriate Column
Method of Treatment
(D
Natural
Regeneration
Preparation
(2)
Planting
Preparation
(3)
Hazard
Abatement
(4)
Total
Acres
(5)
Per Cent
1. Broadcast burned	
5,537
14,674
5,078
8,439
48,853
9,457
13,633
4,168
17
2,392
5,435
1,126
17,671
8,191
26,789
127,780
72,061
32,322
45,560
140,387
17
20,213
10,464
1,928
19.4
8.7
12.2
37.7
17,821
4,569
525
5.4
7. Blade-scarified 	
460
277
2.8
0.5
10. Residual falling only (including snag)
1,301
7,383
90
16
11,125
1,266
4,531
2,907
9,950
4,621
3,871
30,708
2.8
1.2
948
19,583
1.0
8.3
78,475
103,695
189,872
372,042
100.0
Table 5-
-Stand Improvement and Tending, 1976, Forest Service and Licensee
on PSYU's
Acres Completed
Stocking Control
Conifer
Release
(Brushing)
Juvenile
Spacing and
Pre-
commercial
Thinning
Commercial
Thinning
Mistletoe
Control
Total
Vancouver—
Forest Service	
Licensee          	
805
(!)
805
216
216
2
2
300
300
154
154
1,702
(!)
1,702
132
132
211
211
506
506
524
524
(i)
(!)
168
C1)
168
430
430
30
30
2,056
1,728
3,784
2,675
(!)
Total 	
Prince Rupert—
2,675
348
Licensee            	
Total  	
Prince George—
Forest Service	
Licensee 	
348
2
Total	
Kamloops—
2
211
Licensee 	
Total              	
Nelson—
430
641
836
Total	
Cariboo—
836
2,734
1,728
Total 	
4,462
Provincial totals—
1,477
1,477
3,075
3,075
2,254
2,158
4,412
6,806
2,158
8,964
Total 	
1 No data.
 R 26 BRITISH COLUMBIA
Table 6—Regeneration Surveys, 1976, Forest Service and Licensees on PSYU's
Total
Acres
Examined
Acres
Satisfactorily
Stocked
Acres
Not
Satisfactorily
Stocked
Nonproductive
Per Cent
Stocked
Vancouveri—
62,966
(2)
62,966
73,615
27,410
101,025
36,847
21,307
58,154
43,381
42,861
86,242
22,865
27,180
50,045
131,556
4,468
136,024
48,146
(2)
48,146
64,164
14,962
79,126
26,155
18,030
44,185
25,527
21,874
47,407
14,929
13,552
28,481
56,609
5,864
62,473
14,720
(2)
14,720
9,451
12,448
21,899
10,692
3,277
13,969
17,062
19,837
36,899
7,936
13,628
21,564
75,103(3)
912
76,015
4,122
(2>
4,122
(2)
(2)
(2)
(2)
1,046
1,028
2,074
(2)
(2)
(2)
(2)
76
Total	
Prince Rupert—
87
Total	
Prince George—
76
Licensee	
Total	
Kamloops—
59
Total               	
Nelson—
65
Total	
Cariboo—
43
Total    	
Provincial totals—
371,230
123,226
494,456
235,530
74,282
309,812
134,964
50,102
185,066
63
Licensee	
Total              	
i Vancouver data incomplete (no licensee report).
2 No data.
3 Includes 22,210 acres classified as "Disturbed—Stocking Doubtful" (DSD).
Table 7—Cone Collections, 1976, Forest Service (Bushels)
Species
Vancouver
Prince
Rupert
Prince
George
Cariboo
Kamloops
Nelson
Total
Douglas-fir 	
860
126
5!/2
91
235
22
4
202
5
VA
14
60
415
2,775
207
48
1,240
523
640
67
71/2
41/2
356'/2
9'/2
15
6
16>/2
58'/2
1
3,683
1331/2
51/2
91
239"/2
22
Sitka spruce....	
4
2,273 Vi
141/2
Lodgepole pinei	
Ponderosa pine	
White pine	
7471/2
654
6
I61/2
White larch	
1251/2
Birch 	
1
1,567
60
415
2,982
2,518
475
8,017
1 Further collections anticipated in 1976.  Licensees in Nelson and Kamloops collected a further 575 bushels.
 FOREST SERVICE,  1976
R 27
Table 8—Summary of Basic Data for Certified Tree-farms {Private Sustained-
yield Units Over Crown-granted Lands), 1976
INCLUDED WITHIN TREE-FARM LICENCES
Number
of
Tree-
farms
Productive Area (Acres)
Total
Area
(Acres)
Allowable
Forest
District
Mature
Immature
NSR
and
NCC
Total
Annual Cut
Or Estimated
(Cunits)
Vancouver	
14
1
2
62,384
33
494
235,803
1,043
4,719
30,576
145
4,394
328,763
1,221
9,607
363,227
1,280
10,158
327,591
458
Nelson.	
4,312
Totals	
17
62,911
241,565
35,115
339,591
374,665
332,361
NOT INCLUDED WITHIN TREE-FARM LICENCES
Vancouver	
20
10
90,021
110 428
310,449
216 808
39,857
90,996
440,327
418.232
476,448            428,198
486-500               109 646
I
|                        |    (292,700)
Totals	
30
200,449    I    527,257
130,853
858,559
963,348      i      537,844
j    (292,700)
Grand totals
47
263,360
768,822
165,968
1,198,150
1,338,013      |      870,205
|    (292,700)
Figures in parentheses ( ) are Christmas trees.
Table 9—Summary of Basic Data for Farm Wood-lot Licences
(Private Sustained-yield Units), 1976
Forest
Number of
Farm
Wood-lot
Licences
Productive Area (Acres)
Total
Area
(Acres)
Allowable
Annual Cut
(Cunits)
District
Crown
Private
Total
10
4
4
11
2
4
1,433
1,274
997
3,006
371
1,359
158
147
337
96
617
1,591
1,421
997
3,248
467
1,976
2,072
2,436
1,032
5,417
467
2,071
706
284
400
946
Kamloops	
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BRITISH COLUMBIA
Table 13—Total Amount of Timber Scale Billed in British Columbia During
the Years 1975 and 1976 (in Cunits)
Forest District
10-Year
Average,
1967-76
1975
1976
Increase
Net
Increase
Vancouver.—	
8,234,826
1,569,530
6,355,486
1,189,801
9,732,729
1,635,997
3,377,243
446,196
9,804,356
7,545,287    [    11,368,726
3,823,439
	
1,226,909
3,623,932
796,448
2,664,706
1,853,366
1195 847     I       1.460.641
334,794
977,619
494,982
820,021
415,560
3,378,125
1,922,542
1,985,440
1,727,446
4,355,744
2,417,524
2,805,461
2,143,006
Kamloops	
10,165,361
10,139,400    |    13,182,376
3,042,976
	
19,969,717
17.684687     I    24.551 102
6.866.415     1     6.866.415
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Table 15—Species Cut, All Products, 1976 (in Cunits)
Forest District
Cedar
Spruce
Lodgepole
Pine
Hemlock
Balsam
White
Pine
Vancouver	
Prince Rupert (Coast)....
Totals, Coast-
Prince Rupert (Interior)
Prince George	
Cariboo	
Kamloops	
Nelson	
Totals, Interior	
Grand totals	
1,670,397 |  1,928,178 |
27,625 328,170
143,415
249,536
1,698,022 | 2,256,348 |     392,951
207 |
90,617 [
587,796 |
632,075 j
251,794 j
1,562,489
50,888
30,419
25,337
201,769
327,881
636,294
323,316
2,434,762
672,264
748,199
535,784
4,714,325
9,269
733
10,002
3,260,511  j  2,892,642 j  5,107,276
I       I
532,414
1,390,832
989,494
673,635
392,157
3,978,532
3,988,534
3,808,254
803,439
4,611,693
298,878
10,422
5,249
136,572
235,063
686,184
5,297,877
1,849,619
178,824
221,840
375,226
124,027
314,527
238,313
1,273,933
3,302,376
49,445
26
2,028,443 |   49,471
6,290
156
20,761
39,813
67,020
116,491
Forest District
Yellow
Pine
Cypress
Larch
Hardwood
Cottonwood
Unspecified
Total
Vancouver	
Prince Rupert (Coast)-
Totals, Coast	
Prince Rupert (Interior)
Prince George	
Cariboo	
Kamloops	
Nelson	
Totals, Interior	
Grand totals	
40
228,851
32,638
11,278
354
40 |  261,489 |
2 |   11,632
  I
  I
794 |
30,409 |
20,521 |
51,724 |
75
75
28
29,962
89,188
119,178
51,764
261,564 |      119,180
I
2,875
3,040
195
895
7,005
18,637
23,141
5,875
29,016
10,994
10,839
28
914
1,900
24,675
53,691
10,840
8,777
9,732,729
1,635,997
19,617 |11,368,726
12,939
9,403
12,340
15,668
10,592
60,942
80,559
1,460,641
4,355,744
2,417,524
2,805,461
2,143,006
13,182,376
24,551,102
Table 16—Acreage Logged, 1976
Forest District
Clear Cutting
Selective Cutting
Total
76,203
40,309
93,870
39,395
44,375
35,170
2,574
4,693
15
20,643
19,914
10,721
78,777
45,002
93,885
60,038
Kamloops	
64,289
45,891
Totals, 1976	
329,322
248,333
323,324
368,792
328,553
334,994
58,560
47,122
44,488
59,121
48,005
73,039
387,882
Totals, 1975                 	
295,455
Totals, 1974 	
367,812
Totals, 1973        	
427,913
Totals, 1972           	
376,558
Totals, 1971	
408,033
 FOREST SERVICE,  1976 R 37
Table 17—Unit Standard Reinventory Surveys, 1976 Field Work
Unit Name
(PSYU)
Maps
Classified
Number of
Samples
Total Area
(Acres)
Big Bar   	
89
67
126
202
73
398
230
514
376
289
890,783
1,221,384
2,752,013
4,073,016
1,577,917
Burns Lake  	
Ootsa   .....
Smithers 	
Totals
557
1,807
10,515,113
Table 18—Production of Final Forest Cover Maps for 1975 Projects
Subject
Number
of Maps
Forest and Nonforest Area (Acres)
Crown       I    Alienated
Total
Volume in
M.C.F. for
Mature Crown
Area
(Close "U")
Proposed Alsek PSYU	
Proposed Boundary PSYU (north half)
Proposed Dease PSYU...	
Proposed Taku PSYU	
Kluskus PSYU 	
Nechako PSYU  	
Okanagan PSYU	
Salmon Arm PSYU  	
Shuswap PSYU	
Soo PSYU -	
Westlake PSYU  	
TFL 1 (northeast portion)  ...
Meldrum Creek Military Reserve	
Totals	
43
16
85
106
43
119
91
18
47
90
34
216
9
917
2,371,067
1,928,171
7,342,899
7,513,988
952,807
2,309,015
1,269,087
223,080
756,179
1,476,440
588,028
3,968,744
461,934
9,740
7,450
16,904
305,255
597,545
98,223
61,791
194,070
19,011
101,210
30,699,505
1,873,103
2,833,001
1,928,171
7,352,639
7,521,438
969,711
2,614,240
1,866,632
321,303
817,970
1,670,510
607,039
3,968,744
101,210
32,572,608
201,295
945,529
1,954,188
2,936,243
1,188,676
2,888,966
1,524,645
162,023
1,346,509
2,915,269
1,188,059
2,965,876
144,148
20,361,426
 R 38
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R 41
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 R 42
BRITISH COLUMBIA
Table 23—Export of Logs, 1976 (in Cunits)
Species
Grade 1
Grade 2
Grade 3
Ungraded
and
Lumber
Reject
Total
Exportable1
Exported
Under
Permits
Fir	
Cedar	
Spruce 	
Hemlock	
Balsam 	
4,026
3,593
2,160
328
1,245
6,486
12,526
8,150
14
1,803
4
9,834
6,074
58,610
47,445
230
11,246
4
25,172
9,289
11,079
16,586
74,729
57,755
25,172
244
13,377
9,289
8
5,691
145
39,721
21,975
9,002
130
3,639
8,474
5,388
16,441
35,008
35,780
16,170
114
Cypress —	
Hardwood  	
9,738
815
8
Totals, 1976
Totals, 1975
Totals, 1974
Totals, 1973
Totals, 1972
Totals, 1971
Totals, 1970
Totals, 1969
Totals, 1968
Totals, 1967	
10,107
12,066
6,160
1,547
7,171
28,743
32,224
5,988
36,196
20,214
30,228
29,820
31,906
6,380
23,086
60,942
76,299
30,313
44,828
68,868
133,443
98,397
155,541
32,747
67,532
168,171
308,002
172,708
201,118
214,992
34,461
9,843
16,424
6,834
4,089
23,244
83,962
50,403
26,956
34,955
208,239
150,126
210,031
47,508
101,878
281,100
500,487
259,412
309,098
339,029
88,777
73,447
113,267
32,680
30,058
46,304
134,558
106,553
162,651
114,189
119,462
76,679
96,764
14,828
71,820
234,796
365,929
152,859
146,447
224,840
Ten-year average, 1967-76...
16,042
40,267
155,265
29,117
I
240,691             90,249
150,442
1 Export privilege—exported from lands Crown-granted prior to March 13, 1906.
2 Exported under permit from Crown lands and lands granted after March  12,  1906. under authority of
section 97 of the Ministry of Forests Act.
 FOREST SERVICE,  1976 R 43
Table 24—Exports From the Province of Other Forest Products, 1976
Forest District
Quantity
Exported
Approximate
Value
F.O.B.
Where Marketed
Canada
United
States
Other
Countries
Vancouver—
Poles   lin. ft.
Piling          „
Cedar shakes   pieces
Fence-posts  ,
Pulp chips units. GPU
Prince Rupert—
Poles  lin. ft.
Shakes squares
Shingles      „
Posts    pieces
Cordwood  cords
Fence-posts  lin. ft.
Pulp chips—
BDU  units
GPU .._...        „
Prince George—
Poles  lin. ft.
Fence-posts     ,,
Fence-posts pieces
Cedar shakes  _ squares
Pulp chips  units, BDU
Cariboo—Christmas trees  pieces
Kamloops—
Fence-posts   lin. ft.
Fence-posts pieces
Cedar shakes      ,,
Christmas trees     ,,
Cordwood  cords
Shingle bolts _...     „
Pulp chips  units, BDU
Nelson—
Poles and piling  ...lin. ft.
Corral rails        „
Orchard props      ,,
Pickets       ,,
Fence-posts   pieces
Cedar shakes   squares
Cedar shingles  ..._     ,,
Shingle bolts cords
Christmas trees  pieces
Pulp chips, BDU units
Total value, 1976 	
Total value, 1975 	
1,924,305
33,289
986,708
4,549
398,282
819,367
1,670
12,800
1,625
27
800
24,506
15,398
4,708
68,332
11,115
4,463
88,257
33,238
10,600
78.022
410,267
13,687
47
157
1,216
721,880
932,597
67,000
4,775
127,734
46,865
57,795
62
543,127
31,091
3,848,610.00
66,578.00
197,341.60
4,549.00
14,935,575.00
990,510.50
70,140.00
563,200.00
3,250.00
810.00
320.00
646,958.00
477,338.00
19,668,00
81,998.40
15,655.00
20,170.00
244,430.85
41,550.00
2,120.00
23,337.90
102,566.75
68,435.00
1,880.00
56,646.00
36,480.00
1.215,240.00
93,260.00
670.00
239.00
127,734.00
2,015,195.00
1,849,440.00
6,200.00
543,127.00
870,548.00
29,241,771.00
10,487,661.41
465,505
33,289
292,540
4,549
675,606
100
1,625
27
800
24,506
15,398 I
4,708
68,332
88,257
1,662
10,600
77,540
377,267
3,309
47
103
1,216
653,370
49,204
4,775
36,751
15,275
2,683
196,450
1,391,155
694,168
398,282
143,761
1,570
12,800
8,309
518
33,000
10,378
54
68,510
883,393
67,000
90,983
31,590
55,112
62
346,677
31,091
67,600
23,267
 R 44
BRITISH COLUMBIA
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 FOREST SERVICE,   1976
Table 26—Fire Occurrences by Months, 1976
R 45
Forest
District
Mar.
Apr.
May
June
July
Aug.
Sept.
Oct.
Other
Total
Per
Cent
Vancouver	
8
13
10
28
33
19
15
126
14.1
Prince Rupert	
1
6
11
12
5
3
4
42
4.7
Prince George	
39
44
12
15
3
3
2
1
119
13.3
Kamloops	
4
38
61
79
103
15
16
19
10
345
38.6
Nelson   	
14
24
21
42
12
11
19
3
146
16.4
8
58
3
~137-
32
4
7
1
2
115
12.9
Totals	
5
113
225
70
60
56
16
893
100.0
0.6
12.7
23.6
15.3
25.2
7.8
6.7
6.3
1.8
100.0
Ten-year average
14
72
339
385
694
726
203
65
3
2,501
0.6
2.9
13.5
15.4
27.8
29.0
8.1
2.6
0.1
100.0
Table 27—Number and Causes of Forest Fires, 1976
£
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u
cs
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Vancouver	
11
32
6
25
2
3
2
31
1
13
126
14.1
Prince Rupert	
11
10
	
4
2
1
5
1
8
42
4.7
Prince George 	
18
12
6
8
8
30
16
9
11
1
119
13.3
Kamloops	
53
77
26
69
7
14
2
34
12
51
345
38.6
Nelson	
51
15
16
19
1
1
14
5
24
146
16.4
Cariboo.	
15
11
3
5
5
7
16
31
20
2
115
12.9
Totals -
159
157
57
130
24
56
5
116
59
127
3
893
100.0
17.8
17.6
6.4
14.6
2.7
6.3
0.5
13.0
6.6
14.2
0.3
100.0
Ten-year average ....
913
234
191
335
102
88
41
202
69
306
20
2,501
36.5
9.4
7.6
13.4
4.1
3.5
1.6
8.1
2.8
12.2
0.8
100.0
Table 28—Number and Causes of Forest Fires for the Last 10 Years
Causes
1967
1968
1969
958
708
646
288
131
188
455
121
238
464
179
374
128
65
133
138
53
128
93
34
52
248
126
206
42
23
19
348
193
313
54
14
21
3,216
1,647
2,318
1970  I  1971   |  1972
 I I
1973
1975
1976
Total
Lightning _	
Recreational (campers, hunters, fishermen, etc.)	
Railroads operating 	
Smokers	
Brush-burning (not railway or
right-of-way clearing).-—	
Range-burning	
Road, power, telephone, and
pipe-line construction	
Industrial operations (logging,
etc.) 	
Incendiary	
Miscellaneous known causes....
Unknown causes 	
Totals	
i
1,803     1,327        583
302
246
501
146
191
30
255
70
432
27
211
175
309
129
105
50
205
70
303
14
188
136
267
70
59
44
13
4,003    2,898    1,903
338
218
431
145
78
38
189 |    224
77 99
277       462
20
2,863
288
147
407
102
34
36
319
133
355
21
1,417
249
113
289
83
42
25
133
94
252
16
159
157
57
130
24
56
116
59
127
3  I
9,127
2,340
1,906
3,351
1,025
884
407
2,021
686
3,062
203
2,558    2,713
893   25,012
 R 46
BRITISH COLUMBIA
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Vancouver _	
Prince Rupert	
Prince George	
Kamloops 	
Totals	
Per cent	
DO
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 FOREST SERVICE,  1976 R 47
Table 30—Loss of Property Other Than Forests, 1976
Forest District
Forest
Products
Cut, Logs,
Lumber,
Etc.
Buildings
Railway,
Logging,
and
Sawmill
Equipment
Miscellaneous
Total
Per Cent
of
Total
$
24.696
860
11,122
3,890
117
$
$
$
$
24,696
861
1 8,422
5,789
20,167
200
35.2
Prince Rupert	
1
1.2
5,000
400
50
200
2,300
332
20,000
26.3
Kamloops	
1,167
8.3
28.7
0.3
Totals	
40,685
58.0
5,650
8.0
22,632
32.3
1,168
1.7
70,135
100.0
100.0
Ten-year-average	
201,725
37.8
136,436
25.6
131,317
24.6
64,344
12.0
533,822
100.0
Table 31—Loss of Forest Cover Caused by Forest Fires, 1976 (Part I)1
Merchantable Timber
Immature Timber
Forest District
Net Area
Killed
(ha)
Total
Volume
Killed
(m3)
Salvable
Volume
of Timber
Killed
(m!)
Net
Stumpage
Loss
Net Area
Killed
(ha)
Present
Value
33
20
11045
186
19
1
15 721    |           9 741
4 240    |            3 444
1 249 995    j       342 622
8 592    j           6 387
14 247     !           11 509
$
12,303
424
322,999
2,633
233
1,957
23
20
6 202
127
21
$
3,635
378
1,704,407
13,471
Kamloops..	
32      |           5 603    |            2 386
11 335
19.9
1318 398    |       398 089
100.0    j              30.2
340,549
13.3
6 393
11.2
1,721,891
67.4
Ten-year average
17 048
18.9
3 559 583    j     1617 528
1000    1              45.5
2,302,864
57.0
20 950
23.3
1,589,706
39.5
1 The  dollar value of losses  in merchantable  and immature timber represents only stumpage loss to  the
Crown.   Loss to the Provincial economy may be estimated at approximately 10 times the loss values shown.
 R 48
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 R 52
BRITISH COLUMBIA
Table 36—Forest Revenue, Fiscal Year 1975/76
$
Timber licence rentals and fees   541,503.25
Timber berth rentals and fees    78,068.43
Timber lease rentals and fees  85,655.56
Timber sale rentals and fees   760,481.31
Timber sale stumpage     35,285,844.80
Timber sale cruising and advertising     125,962.52
Timber royalties       5,809,346.53
Grazing permits and fees      509,817.07
Forest-protection tax     1,201,630.16
Miscellaneous       957,352.95
Weight-scaling       3,706,274.44
Indian Affairs Agreement     175,202.08
TSHL fire-fighting costs, standby crews  574,760.91
Wood products        157,078.07
Total         49,968,978.08
Table 37—Forest Revenue, 1972-76
12 Months
to Dec. 31,
1972
12 Months
to Dec. 31,
1973
12 Months
to Dec. 31,
1974
12 Months
to Dec. 31,
1975
12 Months
to Dec. 31,
1976
Timber licence rentals and fees	
Timber berth rentals and fees	
Timber lease rentals and fees	
Timber sale rentals and fees	
Timber sale stumpage 	
Timber sale cruising and advertising.
Timber royalties	
Grazing permits and fees	
Forest protection tax	
Miscellaneous 	
Weight-scaling 	
Coast scaling  	
Indian Affairs Agreement 	
TSHL fire-fighting costs, standby crews
Wood products	
Reservoir-waterway improvements	
Totals -	
623,153.52
95,433.78
91,731.48
674,091.83
91,180,674.04
140,245.57
5,336,035.96
532,992.78
1,185,179.11
773,132.95
2,004,105.62
102,636,776.64
585,616.72
87,545.48
84,405.30
736,073.92
230,648,895.04
132,227.44
6,879,851.39
542,090.28
1,149,528.61
1,056,014.21
2,660,410.57
569.
81
86
696
! 1,605
144
7,459
661
1,028
1,654
2,772
850.39
,729.63
,412.80
048.97
129.21
,040.10
,614.20
,145.80
180.35
,564.42
736.05
151,585.78
282,596.87        283,095.50
551,336.77
75,548.18
85,655.56
693,428.67
43,437,755.58
113,492.20
6,142,472.77
514,595.23
1,136,279.10
1,175,699.59
3,073,017.84
175,202.08
651,038.38)
154,285.90|
I
536,424.40
74,772.43
80,253.37
841,081.45
43,691,476.49
199,208.82
6,691,829.70
412,690.82
1,421,792.84
1,267,600.72
4,468,124.99
2,067,742.02
181,848.14
775,716.72
2,792.17
305,101.00
244,845,255.83| 197,200,142.26
 I	
57,979,807.85| 63,018,456.08
 FOREST SERVICE,  1976
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R 55
Table 40—Forest Service Expenditures, Fiscal Year 1975/76
General administration, protection, and management of for- $
ests (includes SW 10)     44,312,766.96
Reforestation and forest nurseries    13,883,509.71
Forestry and Correction Camp Program     36,432.78
Forest research       1,319,231.56
Public information and education (includes SW 21)   366,200.21
Forest Service Training School      161,529.96
Grant to Canadian Forestry Association     35,000.00
Engineering services and forest-development roads   3,054,862.29
Fire suppression   8,282,894.67
Forest inventory     2,327,285.96
Scaling Fund1 (includes SW 21)   3,909,166.06
Silviculture      —
Public recreation in forest areas      610,461.58
Grazing Range Improvement Fund  419,182.62
Peace River community pastures   17,278.97
Reservoir Waterway Improvements1   2,328,836.99
Salary contingencies   5,156,022.90
Accelerated Reforestation Fund   426,571.76
Total        86,647,234.98
i See Table 43.
Table 41—Scaling Fund
$
Deficit, April 1, 1975       1,314,861.61
Collections, fiscal year 1975/76       3,038,981.30
1,724,119.69
Expenditures, fiscal year 1975/76   3,909,166.06
Less expenditures covered by Special Warrant 21       870,184.76
3,038,981.30
Deficit, March 31, 1976     1,314,861.61
Fund abolished March 31, 1976, under authority of Government Reorganization Act, 1976.
Table 42—Grazing Range Improvement Fund
$
Deficit, April 1, 1975        85,706.02
Government contribution (sec. 13, Grazing Act)    346,229.69
260,523.67
Expenditures, fiscal year 1975/76    419,182.62
Deficit, March 31, 1976        158,658.95
Fund abolished March 31, 1976, under authority of Miscellaneous Statutes
Amendment Act, 1976.
 R 56 BRITISH COLUMBIA
Table 43—Reservoir Waterway Improvements
$
Expenditures, fiscal year 1975/76   2,328,836.99
Recovered from British Columbia Hydro and Power Authority 2,328,836.99
Balance     Nil
Table 44—Accelerated Reforestation Fund
$
Surplus, April 1, 1975     428,048.45
Expenditures, fiscal year 1975/76    426,571.76
Surplus, March 31, 1976        1,476.69
Expenditures, nine months, April to December 1976          Nil
Surplus, December 31, 1976         1,476.69
Printed by K. M. MacDonald, Printer to the Queen's Most Excellent Majesty
in right of the Province of British Columbia.
1977
4,030-377-6861

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