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ANNUAL REPORT OF THE MINISTER OF MINES OF THE PROVINCE OF BRITISH COLUMBIA FOR THE YEAR ENDED 31ST DECEMBER… British Columbia. Legislative Assembly [1936]

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 ANNUAL EEPOKT
MINISTEE OF MINES
OP  THE   PROVINCE   OP
BRITISH COLUMBIA
FOR  THE
Year Ehded 31st December
1935
PRINTED BY
AUTHORITY  OP  THE LEGISLATIVE  ASSEMBLY.
VICTORIA,  B.C. :
Printed by Chables P. Banfield, Printer to the King's Most Excellent Majesty.
1936.  To His Honour Eric Werge Hamber,
Lieutenant-Governor of the Province of British Columbia.
May it please Your Honour:
The Annual Report of the Mining Industry of the Province for the year 1935 is herewith
respectfully submitted.
G. S. PEARSON,
Minister of Mines.
Minister of Mines' Office,
May, 1936.    CONTENTS.
The Mining Industry.   John P. Walker  Part A.
Synopsis of Mining Laws of B.C.   Robert Dunn ,  Part A.
Assay Office.   D. E. Whittaker  Part A.
North-western Mineral Survey District (No. 1).   Joseph T. Mandy  Part B.
North-eastern Mineral Survey District (No. 2).   Douglas Lay  Part C.
Southern and Central Mineral Survey Districts (Nos. 3 and 4).   A. M. Richmond Part D.
Eastern Mineral Survey District (No. 5).   H.Sargent  Part E.
Western Mineral Survey District (No. 6).   B. T. O'Grady  Part F.
Inspection of Mines.    James Dickson  Part G.
Report of Examiners for Coal-mine Officials.   James Strang  Part G.
Government Mine-rescue Stations.    J. D. Stewart, James L. Brown, Alfred Gould,
and John T. Puckey  Part G.
Inspection  of  Coal-mines.    Geo.  O'Brien, John G. Biggs, Thomas R. Jackson,
Charles Graham, and John MacDonald  Part G.
Inspection of Quarries.    James Strang, Geo. O'Brien, John G. Biggs, and Chas.
Graham  -■  Part G.
Inspection of Metalliferous Mines. James Dickson, Thos. R. Jackson, James
Strang, George O'Brien, John G. Biggs, Charles Graham, H. E. Miard, and John
MacDonald   Part G. BRITISH COLUMBIA DEPARTMENT OF MINES.
VICTORIA, B.C.
Hon. George S. Pearson      ------ Minister of Mines.
Robert Dunn      -       -       -      ■-       -       -       -       -       Deputy Minister.
John F. Walker      - Provincial Mineralogist.
D. E. Whittaker        ...        -        Provincial Assayer and Analyst.
James Dickson      ------       Chief Inspector of Mines.
Resident Mining Engineers.
P. B. Freeland, Senior Engineer, Victoria.
J. T. Mandy, No. 1 District, Prince Rupert. ,,     . fNo. 3 District, Penticton.
.    . ' , A. M. Richmond^
Douglas Lay, No. 2 District, Hazelton. [No. 4 District, Penticton.
H. Sargent, No. 5 District, Nelson.
B. T. O'Grady, No. 6 District, Vancouver.
J. S. Stevenson, Victoria.
District Inspectors.
Geo. O'Brien, Nanaimo. John G. Biggs, Princeton.
T. R. Jackson, Nanaimo. Chas. Graham, Prince Rupert.
John MacDonald, Fernie.
Jas. Strang, Inspector and Examiner, Victoria.
H. E. Miard, Inspector and Examiner, Fernie and Nelson.
Mine-rescue Station Instructors.
Richard Nichol, Nanaimo. A. Gould, Princeton.
J. L. Brown, Cumberland. J. T. Puckey, Fernie. PART A.
THE MINING INDUSTRY.
BY
John F. Walker.
The value of mine production in 1935 was $48,821,239, an increase of $6,515,942 over the
value for 1934. It is approximately the mean of the peak production of $68,245,443 in 1929
and the recent low of $28,798,406 in 1932. The increase for the year was much greater than
anticipated, due chiefly to a higher price for silver and lead and a greater volume production
for gold.
Gold production again accounted for the greatest increase in value for any one metal or
material in 1935, followed closely by lead and silver and then by cadmium, zinc, and structural
materials.    Coal and copper showed substantial losses.
Gold production established a new all-time high in both volume and value, exceeding the
1934 record by 25.4 per cent, in value.
Zinc established an all-time high in volume production and lead just fell short of the all-
time high volume production in 1934.
During the year the larger operations maintained their production at capacity and several
new milling plants were brought into production. The most serious set-back to the mining
industry was the closing-down of the Granby Consolidated Mining and Smelting Company's
mine and smelter at Anyox. Cessation of operations were anticipated, as it had been known
for some time that the mine was approaching -exhaustion under existing conditions.
The number of shipping metalliferous mines increased from 145 in 1934 to 177 in 1935,
and those shipping over 100 tons increased from 69 to 72.
It is estimated that, during the year, 13,737 men were employed in all branches of the
mining industry.    This is an increase of 752 over the number employed in 1934.
The following list shows the dividends declared by companies engaged in the mining
industry in the Province during 1934 and 1935:—
Company. 1934. 1935.
The Consolidated Mining and  Smelting Co.  of
Canada, Ltd.   $1,952,794 $4,232,452
Premier Gold Mining Co., Ltd  600,000 650,000
Beaverdell-Wellington   3,600 36,000
Bell Mines, Ltd.   29,401 50,501
Highland Lass, Ltd  46,208 52,369
Bralorne Mines, Ltd  625,000 300,000
Pioneer Gold Mines of B.C., Ltd  1,226,225 1,401,400 .
Reno Gold Mines, Ltd           255,683
Crow's Nest Pass Coal Co., Ltd  248,472 372,708
Others   14,205 34,957
Totals  $4,745,905 $7,386,070
Granby   Consolidated   Mining,   Smelting,   and      1934' 193B-
Power Co., Ltd.   (capital distribution)          $2,250,000
Howe Sound Co  $1,421,373 1,918,854
The Howe Sound Company is the holding company for the Britannia mine in British
Columbia and the El Potosi and Calera mines in Mexico. Dividends paid by this company are
therefore derived from the profits on operation of all three mines, so that only part of the
dividends paid can be credited to the Britannia mine.
The Granby Consolidated Mining, Smelting, and Power Company, Limited, closed down its
Anyox operations in August, 1935, and the company went into voluntary liquidation. The
capital distribution noted above was declared in December, 1935, at the rate of $5 a share.
PROVINCIAL LIBRARY
VICTORIA, B.C. A further distribution was declared in March, 1936, at the rate of $8 a share, and this latter
figure will be credited to 1936 distributions from British Columbia mines.
Details of production, etc., of the mining industry are set out in Tables Nos. I. to XVII.
GENERAL SITUATION.
With the close of 1935 it is even more difficult to forecast the probable value of the mining
industry for 1936 than it was for 1935.
It is anticipated that gold will again show a substantial increase in volume, but not as
great as in 1935.    It is believed that the average price will be about the same as in 1935.
The average price of silver in 1935 was 17.329 cents higher than in 1934 and it may
average about the same in 1936 as in 1934. Therefore, it appears that a very large decrease
in the value of production of silver is to be expected even though the volume production is
maintained.
In the case of copper, the closing-down of the Anyox operation of Granby Consolidated
Mining, Smelting, and Power Company will result in a very heavy decrease in both volume and
value production.
The volume of lead production is likely to remain about the same. The present price is
appreciably above the average for 1935 and it is anticipated that it will hold fairly steady
throughout the year.    Therefore, a substantial increase in value production is looked for.
The price of zinc is also higher than the average for 1935 and, with volume production
likely to be about the same, an appreciable increase in value production is expected.
Coal showed a decrease in 1935 of 11.8 per cent., bringing production to the lowest point
since 1898.    It does not seem reasonable that a further decrease should occur in 1936.
Structural materials showed an increase in 1935 over 1934 and an even greater increase
may be expected in 1936.
Miscellaneous metals and minerals are likely to maintain the increase attained in 1935.
Offsetting the heavy anticipated losses in silver and copper by increases in gold, lead, and
zinc, it is estimated that the value of the mining industry will be about the same in 1936 as
in 1935.
METHOD OF COMPUTING PRODUCTION.
The total mine production of the Province consists of the outputs of metalliferous minerals,
coal, structural materials, and miscellaneous metals, minerals, and materials, valued at standard recognized prices in Canadian funds.
In the Annual Report for 1925 some changes were made in the methods used in previous
years in computing and valuing the products of the industry, but in order to facilitate comparisons with former years the same general style of tables was adhered to. The methods used
in the 1925 Annual Report have been followed in subsequent Annual Reports, with the addition of new tables, the first of which, Table No. I., appeared in the 1933 Annual Report, in
order to present additional or more informative data.
For the 1934 Annual Report, Table VI., which formerly tabulated the yield of placer
gold only, was drawn up to show both placer- and lode-gold values. This will facilitate a
rapid view of the total gold production of the Province. Another new table, No. XVII.,
includes " Mining Companies employing an Average of Ten or more Men." Incorporated in
this table, additional data are presented showing the number of operating days at mine and
mill, and also tonnage mined and milled. A subsection of the table shows operating days and
average men employed at non-shipping mines employing ten or more men.
Table I. presents in summary form the mine statistics of the Province in a form that
permits ready comparisons being made with tables of similar design presented annually by the
Dominion Bureau of Statistics and other Provincial Statistical Bureaus.
An important change was made in Table I. for 1934, which embodies comparative figures
for 1933. In Table I. of the 1933 Annual Report, which also gave comparative figures for 1932,
gold production as set forth is valued at the old standard price of $20.671834 per fine ounce,
and placer gold value converted to fine ounces at that figure also. In order to show the value
of gold in Canadian funds, the calculated so-called " premium " was shown in the table as
" Exchange equalization on gold." Commencing with the 1934 Annual Report, all gold will
be valued at the yearly average of the current price of gold per fine ounce in Canadian funds. THE MINING INDUSTRY.
A 9
In the 1934 Annual Report all tables in which the value of gold enters and covering production for the years 1932, 1933, and 1934 are shown with production valued at the yearly
average price of gold and not the old standard price. The only tables not brought up to date
in the 1934 Annual Report in this regard are Tables VII. and VIII., but these have been
changed in this report.
The following notes explain the methods used:—
(1.) From the certified returns of lode mines of ore and concentrate shipments made
during the full calendar year by the producers the net recovered metal contents have been
determined by deducting from the " assay value content " necessary corrections for smelting
and refining losses.
In making comparisons of production figures with previous years, it should be remembered
that prior to 1925 in the Annual Reports the total metal production, with the exception of
copper, was determined by taking the assay value content of all ores shipped; deductions for
slag losses were made by taking varying percentages off the metal prices.
(2.) Gold-placer returns are received from the operators in dollars and the dollar value
for the years 1932,1933, and 1934 were converted to fine ounces at $20.67; previously the price
of $17 an ounce, which is believed to represent the average value of placer gold throughout the
Province, at the old valuation of gold, was used to convert the dollar value to ounces.
(3.) The prices used in valuing the different metals are: For gold, the average price for
the year; for silver, the average New York metal-market price for the year; for lead, the
average London metal-market price for the year; and for zinc, the average London metal-
market price for the year. As in 1934, copper in 1935 is valued at the average London metal-
market price. Prior to 1932 copper was valued at the average New York price. The change
was made because very little copper was being marketed in the United States on account of
high tariff charges against importations from foreign countries. The bulk of the lead and
zinc production of the Province is sold on the basis of the London prices of these metals and
they are therefore used. The New York, St. Louis, and Montreal lead- and zinc-market prices
differ materially from the London prices of these metals and are not properly applicable to
the valuing of the British Columbia production.
By agreement with the Dominion Bureau of Statistics and the Provincial Statistical
Bureaus, the following procedure of taking care of the exchange fluctuations has been agreed
upon:—
(a.)  Silver to be valued at the average New York price, adjusted to Canadian funds
at the average exchange rate.
(6.)  Lead, zinc, and copper to be valued at London prices, adjusted to Canadian funds
at the average exchange rate.
The following table shows the average metal-market prices from 1931 to 1935 in Canadian
funds:—
Average Metal-market Prices for 1931, 1932, 1933, 1934, and 1935.
Year.
Silver
(New York).
CoPPEE.
Lead.
Zinc.
London.
New York.
London.
New York.
London.
St. Louis.
1931          	
Cents
per Oz.
28.700*
31.671*
37.8328*
47.461*
64.790*
Cents
per Lb.
Cents
per Lb.
8.116*
5.555
7.025
8.428
8.649
Cents
per Lb.
2.7101*
2.1136*
2.3916*
2.436*
3.133*
Cents
per Lb.
4.243
3.180
3.869
3.860
4.065
Cents
per Lb.
2.554*
2.4056*
3.2105*
3.044*
3.099*
Cents
per Lb.
3.640
1932   	
6.3802*
7.4548*
7.419*
7.795*
2.876
1933  -
1934  	
4.029
4.158
1986 	
4.328
* Prices used in compiling total metal valuations in 1931, 1932, 1933, 1934, and 1935 Annual Reports.
Gold average price in 1935 was $35.19 ;  in 1934, $34.50 ;  in 1933, $28.60 ;  and in 1932 was $23.47.
(4.) In 1926 a change was made in computing coal and coke statistics. The practice in
former years had been to list coal and coke production (in part) as primary mineral production.    Only the coke made in bee-hive ovens was so credited;  that made in by-product ovens A 10
REPORT OF THE MINISTER OF MINES, 1935.
was not listed as coke, but the coal used in making this coke was credited as coal production.
The result was that the coke-production figures were incomplete. Starting with the 1926
Annual Report, the standard practice of the Bureau of Statistics, Ottawa, has been adopted.
This consists of crediting all coal produced, including that used in making coke, as primary
mine production. Coke-making is considered a manufacturing industry. As it is, however,
of interest to the mining industry, a table included in the Report shows the total coke produced
in the Province, together with by-products, and the values given by the producers. This
valuation of coke is not, of course, included in the total gross mine production of the Province.
From 1918 to 1930 coal production was valued at $5 per long ton. In 1931 the price used
was $4.50, and in 1932, 1933, 1934, and 1935 the price used has been $4.25 per long ton. In
making comparisons with former years the decline in dollar value is accentuated by this
lowered price.
ADDENDA.
The following figures, compiled from returns on the subject made by companies and
individuals, illustrate the amount of capital employed in the mining industry in 1935, the
amount of money distributed in salaries and wages, fuel and electricity, and process supplies
(explosives, chemicals, drill-steel, lubricants, etc.).
Capital employed includes: Present cash value of the land (excluding minerals) ; present
value of buildings, fixtures, machinery, tools, and other equipment; inventory value of materials
on hand, ore in process, fuel and miscellaneous supplies on hand; inventory value of finished
products on hand; operating capital (cash, bills and accounts receivable, prepaid expenses,
etc.).
Class.
Capital
employed.
Salaries and
Wages.
Fuel and
Electricity.
Process
Supplies.
Lode-mining - „ 	
Placer-mining—  - -	
$94,751,300
5,444,983
21,381,112
18,498,352
3,164,206
$12,109,316
527,235
3,234,964
532,314
349,538
$2,092,488
28,058
290,652
127,372
81,069
$3,751,073
16,091
619,699
110 928
54,939
Totals- - - _ _ _	
$143,239,953
$16,753,367
$2,619,639
$4,552,730 THE MINING INDUSTRY.
A 11
TABLE I.—British Columbia Mine Production, 1934 and 1935.
Quantity,
1934.
Quantity,
1935.
Value,
1934.
Value,
1935.
Per Cent.
Increase ( + ) or
Decrease ( —).
Quantity.
Value.
Metallics.
$
297,771
91,019
3,567,401
10,250,985
714,431
8,461,859
2,051
4,068,792
7,546,893
$
6,584
441,203
3,023,768
12,852,936
895,058
10,785,930
1,275
5,994,075
7,940,860
— 97.8
+384.7
lb.
48,084,658
297,130
25,181
347,366,967
53
8,572,916
247,926,844
38,791,127
365,244
30,929
344,268,444
39
9,251,544
256,239,446
— 19.1
+ 22.9
+ 22.8
— 0.9
— 26.4
+    7.9
+    3.4
— 15.2
+ 25.4
+ 25.3
lb.
+ 27.5
—  37.8
Silver    _	
+ 47.3
Zinc    -.	
...lb.
+    5.2
Totals  	
35,001,202
41,941,689
+ 19.8
Fuel.
Coal  (2,240 lb.) 	
tons
1,347,090
1,187,968
5,725,133
5,048,864
—   11.8
—  11.8
NON-METALLICS.
287
89,732
87,982
1,600
2,045
2,318
7,187
7,281
361,812
428
36,673
84,982
1,670
+ 49.1
— 59.1
— 3.4
Fluxes—limestone, quartz
Gypsum products, gypsite....
tons
tons
63,863
36,378
— 42.9
+ 4.4
— 100.0
Phosphate, dolomite, volcanic ash
Slate  (crushed), talc  tons
Sodium carbonate, magnesium sul-
100.0
484
506
37,367
390
584
46,783
4,293
10,395
453,528
— 19.4
+ 15.4
+ 25.2
— 40.3
+ 42.8
Sulphurt  —- 	
tons
+ 25.3
^R
No.
-No.
560,243
591,969
	
+     5.7
Clay Products and oth
Structural Materials.
Clay Products.
Brick—
2,765,307
180,610
2,388,451
910,618
35,122
6,815
81,864
7,737
9,549
42,440
7,171
2,512
30,632
25,821
77,404
7,137
14,766
49,328
3,508
4,040
— 13.6
+404.2
	
+     1.9
._
+  17.5
—  12.5
Face, paving, sewer brick .
+278.9
—     5.4
513
523
668,907
7.8
s
No.
cts -—
+ 54.6
+ 16.2
— 51.8
Drain-tile, sewer-pipe .__	
Pottery—glazed or unglazed
569,297
+ 60.8
Totals 	
193,224
212,636
+ 10.5
Other Structural Materials.
232,009
195,363
249,129
56,491
92,503
314,115
133,286
362,996
95,152
120,532
+ 35.4
tons
62,124
82,902
+ 33.4
—  31.8
+ 45.7
Stone—building, grindstones
Rubble, riprap, crushed rock
.tons
tons
3,099
100,428
4,640
173,653
+ 49.7
+ 72.9
+ 68.4
+ 30.3
825,495
1,026,081
+ 24.3
adian
Total value in Can
42,305,297
48,821,239
+ 15.4
* Canadian funds.
f Sulphur content of pyrites shipped, estimated sulphur contained in sulphuric acid made from waste smelter-
gases, and elemental sulphur. A 12
REPORT OF THE MINISTER OF MINES, 1935.
TABLE II.—Total Production for all Years up to and including 1935.
Gold, placer	
Gold, lode	
Silver 	
Copper 	
Lead 	
Zinc  	
Coal and coke	
Structural materials	
Miscellaneous minerals, etc.
$81,448,759*
177,645,062*
119,654,601
284,108,357
201,482,453
119,410,520
360,650,655
71,070,875
9,787,360
Total ,  $1,425,258,642
* Canadian funds.
TABLE III.—Production for each Year from 1852 to 1935 (inclusive).
1852 to 1895 (inclusive)  $94,547,241
1896   7,507,956
1897   10,455,268
1898   10,906,861
1899   12,393,131
1900   16,344,751
1901   20,086,780
1902   17,486,550
1903   17,495,954
1904   18,977,359
1905   22,461,325
1906   24,980,546
1907  25,882,560
1908   23,851,277
1909   24,443,025
1910   26,377,066
1911   23,499,072
1912   32,440,800
1913   30,296,398
1914   26,388,825
1915   29,447,508
1916   42,290,462
1917   $37,010,392
1918   41,782,474
1919   33,296,313
1920   35,543,084
1921   28,066,641
1922   35,158,843
1923   41,304,320
1924   48,704,604
1925   61,492,242
1926   67,188,842
1927   60,729,358
1928   65,372,583
1929  :._.. 68,245,443
1930   55,391,993
1931   34,883,181
1932   *28,798,406
1933   *32,602,672
1934  *42,305,297
1935   *48,821,239
Total $1,425,258,642
* Canadian funds.
TABLE IV.—Quantities and Value of Mine Products for 1933, 1934, and 1935.
Description.
1933.
1934.
1935.
Quantity.
Value.
Quantity.
Value.
Quantity.
Value.
Gold,  placer*     : -.oz.
Gold, lode*   _ _ oz.
Silver       -    oz.
Lead        lb.
Zinc         lb.
Coal   - -tons, 2,240 lb.
23,928
223,529
7,006,406
42,608,002
271,606,071
195,963,751
1,264,746
$562,787
6,392,929
2,650,720
3,176,341
6,495,731
6,291,416
5,375,171
1,024,045
633,532
25,181
297,130
8,572,916
48,084,658
347,366,967
247,926,844
1,347,090
$714,431
10,250,985
4,068,792
3,567,401
8,461,859
7,546,893
5,725,133
1,017,141
952,662
30,929
365,244
9,251,544
38,791,127
344,268,444
256,239,446
1,187,968
$895,058
12,852,936
5,994,075
3,023,768
10,785,930
7,940,860
5,048,864
1,238,717
1,041,031
Totals	
$32,602,672
$42,305,297
$48,821,239
* Canadian funds. THE MINING INDUSTRY.
A 13
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REPORT OF THE MINISTER OP MINES, 1935.
TABLE VI.—Value of Gold Production to Date.
Year.
Placer.
Lode.
Total.
1858-1862 .
1863-1867-
1868-1872..
1873-1877-
1878-1882.
1883-1887-
1888-1892-
1893	
1894	
1895.-	
1896	
1897.-	
1898 —-
1899.	
1900	
1901 	
1902	
1903	
1904 -..
1905-	
1906 —-	
1907	
1908	
1909	
1910	
1911...	
1912 -	
1913—-	
1914 -	
1915	
1916	
1917- -	
1918 --	
1919	
1920 -	
1921 - -
1922	
1923	
1924 -	
1925	
1926	
1927	
1928	
1929	
1930 -
1931—. -
1932 - -....
1933 -—
1934	
1935	
Totals .
$9,871,634
16,283,592
9,895,318
9,019,201
5,579,911
3,841,515
2,525,426
356,131
405,516
481,683
544,026
513,520
643,346
1,344,900
1,278,724
970,100
1,073,140
1,060,420
1,115,300
969,300
948,400
828,000
647,000
477,000
540,000
426,000
555,500
510,000
565,000
770,000
580,500
496,000
320,000
286,500
221,600
233,200
364,800
420,000
420,750
280,092
355,503
156,247
143,208
118,711
152,235
291,992
395,542
562,787
714,431
895,058
$81,448,759
$23,404
125,014
785,271
1,244,180
2,122,820
2,201,217
2,857,573
3,453,381
4,348,603
4,888,269
4,812,616
4,589,608
4,933,102
4,630,639
4,055,020
5,282,880
4,924,090
5,533,380
4,725,513
5,322,442
5,627,490
5,109,004
5,167,934
4,587,334
2,367,190
3,403,812
3,150,645
2,481,392
2,804,154
4,089,684
3,704,994
5,120,535
4,335,269
4,163,859
3,679,601
3,888,097
3,004,419
3,323,576
3,018,894
4,261,307
6,392,929
10,250,985
12,852,936
$177,645,062
$9,871,634
16,283,592
9,895,318
9,019,201
5,579,911
3,841,515
2,525,426
379,535
530,530
1,266,954
1,788,206
2,636,340
2,844,563
4,202,473
4,732,105
5,318,703
5,961,409
5,873,036
5,704,908
5,902,402
5,579,039
4,883,020
5,929,880
5,401,090
6,073,380
6,151,513
6,877,942
6,137,490
5,674,004
5,937,934
5,167,834
2,863,190
3,723,812
3,437,145
2,702,992
3,037,354
4,454,484
4,124,994
5,541,285
4,615,361
4,519,362
3,835,848
4,031,305
3,123,130
3,475,811
3,310,886
4,656,849*
6,955,716*
10,965,416*
13,747,994*
$259,093,821
* Canadian fund THE MINING INDUSTRY.
A 15
TABLE VII.—Output of Mine Products by Districts and Divisions.
Divisions.
North-western District  (No. 1).
Atlin, Stikine, and Liard -
Nass River -   —
Portland Canal — - 	
Skeena, Queen Charlotte, and Bella Coola
North-eastern District (No. 2) 	
Cariboo and Quesnel    	
Omineca and Peace River - 	
Central District (No. 3)...- _ - —
Nicola and Vernon    - 	
Yale, Ashcroft, and Kamloops .
Clinton*— - —
Southern District (No. 4) 	
Grand Forks, Greenwood, and Osoyoos -
Similkameen    - -
Eastern District (No. 5) — -	
Fort Steele  - -	
Windermere and Golden-
Ainsworth -	
Slocan and Slocan City -	
Nelson and Arrow Lake- - - —
Trail Creek    	
Revelstoke and Lardeau — - - -
Western District (No. 6) 	
Nanaimo, Alberni, Clayoquot, Quatsino,
and Victoria (Vancouver Island)	
Vancouver, New Westminster, and Lil-
looet  - - - 	
Yale, Ashcroft, and Clinton (Mainland)
Totalst 	
279,402
2,878,808
1,841,862
97,594
418,378
55,915
133,146
104,776
5,941
450,514
634,822
15,955,987
424,939
21,413
30,296
759,537
669,017
14,769
3,043,331
4,782,225
1934.
307,313
3,088,657
1,700,724
142,360
690,386
89,736
214,798
404,238
694,414
513,431
20,042,528
1,360,312
48,246
84,719
1,496,843
1,786,961
8,625
2,965,047
6,466,377
199,582
1935.
Districts.
1934.
406,378
2,221,212
1,636,954
278,845
1,618,191
99,355
315,550
248,891
1,799,685
530,516
23,067,831
530,863
215,104
406,133
1,991,723
2,582,959
199,698
3,262,171
7,172,367
236,813
36,602,672
42,305,297   |   48,821,239
1,097,666  |     5,239,054
474,293
243,863
1,085,336
17,875,958
780,122
1,207,845
24,828,234
7,825,556  I    9,631,006
32,602,672
42,305,297
1935.
4,543,389
1,717,546
564,441
2,330,201
28,994,311
10,671,351
48,821,239
1934.
* Yale, Ashcroft, and Clinton Mining Divisions included in No. 6 District (Mainland section)  from and including
4.
t Canadian funds. A 16
REPORT OF THE MINISTER OF MINES, 1935.
TABLE VIII.—Production in Detail of Placer Gold, Lode
Districts and Divisions.
North-western District  (No. 1).
Atlin -	
Stikine 	
Liard	
Nass River..-	
Portland Canal...
Skeena	
Queen Charlotte-
Bella Coola	
North-eastern District (No. 2).
Cariboo -.-.
Quesnel	
Omineca	
Peace River-
Central District  (No. 3).
Nicola 	
Vernon	
Kamloops..
Southern District (No. 4)...
Grand Forks	
Greenwood	
Osoyoos	
Similkameen..
Eastern District (No. 5).
Fort Steele	
Windermere..
Golden	
Ainsworth—
Slocan	
Slocan City-
Nelson	
Arrow Lake-
Trail Creek*
Itevelstoke	
Lardeau	
Western District (No. 6).
Nanaimo	
Alberni	
Clayoquot	
Quatsino	
Victoria	
Lillooet	
Clinton	
Ashcroft	
Tale	
New Westminster-
Vancouver	
Tons.
Totals    1 934
1935
1034
1935
1934
1935
1934
1935
1934
1935
1934
1935
1934   |
1935
1934
1935
1934
1935
1934
1935
1034
1935
1934
1935
1934
1935
1934
1935
19.34
1935
1934
1935
1934
1935
1934
1935
1034
1935
1934
1935
1934
1935
1934
1935
1934
1935
1934
1935
1934
1935
1934
1935
1934
1935
1934
1935
1934
1935
1934
1935
1934
1935
1934
1935
1934
1935
1934
1935
1934
1935
1934
1935
1934
1935
1914
1935
1934
1935
1934
1935
1934
1935
1934
1935
1,889,748
1,210,308
158,857
156,855
5,726
12,262
30,554
73,758
Gold—Placer.
Ounces.      Value.
2,358
1,072
6,095
7,844
3,159
1,843
11,310
17,757
322
15,635
29,808
42,252
8,718
69,328
431
1,744,179
1,861,295
94.8801
55,918|
3,3581
13,3371
1,905
33,0811
311|
147|
51,8651
142,428|
5
43,088
37,553
10,039
13,227
370
363
314
285
47|
40|
90!
48|
74|
230.0971
304,024!
3.3301
5,8001
7.217!
7,052!
1401
259!
759,7021
817,3071
62
102
98
122
3,848
6,280
5,358|
4,948|
1,365|
1,629|
240|
294
1
68
38
155
222
25
162!
257!
34 6
179
804
640
37
11
32
11|
49[
57
284.832
382,797
10,061
10,522
8,901
8,234
1.759
2.956
2,795
3,519
109,158
181,721
152.007
143,188
3,8,744
47,155
6,797
8,516
-
91
4!
154|
132!
2
15
88
59
35
83
163
89
91
31
41
6!
191
34!
381
91
4341
740!
2471
322!
248'
4451
192!
831
1841
2141
-I
35
1,932
1,091
4,382
6,440
739
4,589
7,425
69
9,833
5,173
22.SO,
18,510
1,03
317
897
317
1,380
1,654
Gold—Lode.
Silver.
241
105
4,382
3,835
69
458
2,484
1,689
1,001
2,393
4,623
2,569
242
71
104
176
621
985
,069
246
.317
,431
,004
,325
,038
,879
.451
,393
.209
,194
5.087,3341
4,916,1471
25.1811
30,9291
714.431
895,058
58|
4.761|
5,567
39,146
33,6111
3,6931
6,632
11,833|
35,835!
164,255
195,903
1,350,537
1,182,771
12 7,4081
233,3801
408,9291
1,261,034
280,026
257,081
687,261
674,201
1,314
1,476
547|
261!
18,871
9,184
777
874
1,183
301
7,819
6,401
26,800
30,756
40,813
10,592
260,756
225,251
540
18,630
1,731
60,914
4,339
149,695
13,130
462,045
3,732
128,784
18,934
666,287
3
	
104
1,333
4,555
4.528
2,622
25,182
25,224
118
304
494
18,541
11,691
46,149
631,254
753,143
3,649
2,520
4,890
379|   6,375,063
 |   6,673,000
-
20|
111
37|
78|
2071
39!
37,849!
53,262!
4!
 I
28.0331
23,5761
090
387
1,276
2,745
7,141
1,372!
1,305,7911
1,874,290!
138!
 I
967,1391
829,6391
170,239
45,540
34,108
106,808
90,431
404,316
879I
4,475!
104,395!
67,635!
380!
40.850
28,656
.1
3
5,403
36
44
1161
1681
1661
231
104I
3
2
190,1321
3,451
2,236
1,2421
122
58
1,5481
138
89
4.0021
23
11
5,912|
78
51
5.7271
189
89
8,1291
134
87
132,903
166,583
326,181
436,815
624
956
633
2,951
2,149
1,699
11,952
16,342
56
197
235
12,013
5,549
29,900
299,599
487,961
1,732
1,633
2,324
3,025,953
4,323,437
80.797
29,505
16,188
69,201
45,767
261,956
417
2,899
49.547
43,821
180
19,388
18,566
-I
133.71 61
4,613,202
32,076!
15.224
140,0441
4,928,148
44,312!
28,710
745|
25,702
845
449
851
29,947
1,3601
881
3,5971
124.097
6,880|
3,265
4,2781
150,543
7,489!
4,852
361
1.242
71
3
68|
 1
2,393
	
7|
  — 1
5
 1      1      1     ....   „   .
14,1031
486.554
57.942!
27.499
13.9141
489,634
78,329|
50,749
297,130110.250.9851   8.572,9161   4.068.792
365,244!12,852,936|  9,251,544[  5,994,075
* Includes zinc recovered from slag and reclaimed slags which cannot be credited to individual mines. THE MINING INDUSTRY.
A 17
Gold, Silver, Copper, Lead, and Zinc in 1934 and 1935.
Copper.
Lead.
Zinc.
Totals for Divisions.
Totals for
Districts.
37,070,906
23,558,968
6,519
35,401,
293
10,420
45,52
38,448
460
2,334
0.001I
17,471
1,160.568
967,707
3,644|
6.013
7.624I
5,847|
9,780.1181
14.147,4641
2,750,290
1,836,422
484
2,759
22
812
725,164
466,233
5.556
8,173
178,223
230,395
3,377
2,997
34
182
15,938
446,652
680,369
9,759
44,191
.1322,000,000
1330,000,000
608
1,362
86,103
75,433
19.897,650
6,267,392
344,068
2,070,291
724,011
2,832,099
294
9,124
1,922,050
873,356
175
270
46S
566
456
250
14,571
725.587I     1,078.083
1,102,795! 742.290
48,084,658|
38,791,1271
3.567.4011347.366.967
3,023.7681344.268,444
17,00
14,607
135
256
192,400
69
3,089|
1,2611
4.342
7,218
12
1,218
40,681
58,324
499
10,880
21,316
238
31,364
306
1,077
7,843.920
10,338,900
484.707
196,358
8,382
64,862
17.637
88,730
7
286
46,821
27,362
8
456
26.276
23,256
8,461,859
10.785,930
20,671
540,6651
614,337
3,549|
7,339
212,000,000
213,400,000
25,817,204
9,435,300
168,718
1,950,610
401,286
1,544,252
577
5,944
2,438,576
527,016
140
25,550,184
6.316.263
3,095,876
247,926,844
256.239,446
5,857
2
1,238
1,808
7
972
641
16,455
19,038
110
223
6.453,280
6,613,266
785,876
292,400
5,136
60,450
12,215
47,856
18
184
74,230
16,332
4
791,800
192.267
95,941
7.546.893
7.940.860
286,851
10,661
" iWoi
3,047,448
1,700,724
129,813
2,795
518,720
152!007
59,993
6,797
44,338
""i'i.soi
277,750
24,179
481,218
130,589
13,561
17,346,337
1,035
1,352,277
31,776
76,895
7,824
1,481,439
395
1,075,114
 i~5b"i
" i,729
1,542
4417
6,437
1,069
382,797
10,522
8,234
2,198,888
1,636,954
238,104
3,519
1,445,722
143,188
58,333
8,516
11,899
248,891
92,693
997,785
668,518
5,173
21,294,113
317
518,580
196,554
401,287
'4,846
1,967,002
458
1,717,314
2,393
195,038
33,4251
 I
134,9661
 1
6,096
 I
5,2091
 I
1,458,1831
1,759
6,147
8,235
985
246
4,978,745!
40,623
168,730
4,7911
 I
6,194!
 I
1.762,3751
4,479,018
1,655,759
56,159
1,764,169
-
26,297,902
6,978,830
34,610,3611
!   41,492,627|   41,492,627 A 18
REPORT OF THE MINISTER OF MINES, 1935.
TABLE IX.—Coal Production per Year to Date.*
1886-1885.
1886 -
1887 —-
1888	
1889	
1890	
1891— -
1892 -
1893	
1894 —
1895 —-	
1896 —
1897 -
1898—	
1899.— -
1900-	
1901 -
1902	
1903—  -
1904-	
1905	
1906-	
1907—-	
1908 —
1909 —
1910 	
1911 	
Tons.
(2,240 1b.)
3,029,011
326,636
413,360
489,301
579,830
678,140
1,029,097
826,335
978,294
1,012,953
939,654
896,222
882,854
1,135,865
1,306,324
1,439,595
1,460,331
1,397,394
1,168,194
1,253,628
1,384,312
1,517,303
1,800,067
1,677,849
2,006,476
2,800,046
2,193,062
Value.
$9,468,557
979,908
1,240,080
1,467,903
1,739,490
2,034,420
3,087,291
2,479,005
2,934,882
3,038,859
2,818,962
2,688,666
2,648,562
3,407,595
3,918,972
4,318,785
4,380,993
4,192,182
3,504,582
3,760,884
4,152,936
4,551,909
6,300,235
5,872,472
7,022,666
9,800,161
7,675,717
1915.
1916.
1917-
1918-
1919.
1920-
1921-
1922.
1923-
1924
1925 .
1926-
1928 —
1929—
1930—
1931—
1932—
1933 —
1934—
1935—
Totals.
Tons.
Value.
(2,240 lb.)
2,628,804
$9,200,814
2,137,483
7,481,190
1,810,967
6,338,385
1,611,129
5,638,952
2,084,093
7,294,325
2,149,975
7,524,913
2,302,245
11,511,225
2,267,541
11,337,705
2,595,125
12,975,625
2,483,995
12,419,975
2,511,843
12,559,215
2,453,223
12,266,115
1,939,526
9,697,630
2,328,522
11,642,610
2,330,036
11,650,180
2,453,827
12,269,135
2,526,702
12,633,510
2,251,252
11,256,260
1,887,130
9,435,650
1,707,590
7,684,155
1,534,975
6,523,644
1,264,746
5,375,171
1,347,090
5,725,133
1,187,968
5,048,864
84,417,920
$334,977,055
* For all years to 1925   (inclusive)   figures are net coal production and do not include coal made into coke;  subsequent figures are entire coal production,  including coal made into coke.
TABLE X,
1895-97	
Tons.
(2,240 1b.)
      19,396
1898 (estimated)
1899.. 	
35,000
       34,251
1900—- 	
-      85,149
1901-	
    127,081
1902 -    	
     128,015
1903  -—	
    165,543
1904-	
238,428
1905      	
271.785
1906           199.227
1907	
     222.913
1908                .    —-        247.399
1909    	
    258.703
1910    218.029
1911-	
1912 - 	
66,005
 -   264.333
-Coke Production from Bee-hive Ovens in British Columbia
from 1895 to 1925.
Value.
$96,980
175,000
171,255
425,745
635,405
640,075
827,715
1,192,140
1,358,925
996,135
1,337,478
1,484,394
1,552,218
1,308,174
396,030
1,585,998
Tons.
Value.
(2,240 1b.)
1913 ,..,.  ..
 -    286,045
$1,716,270
1914 	
      234,577
1,407,462
1915  —	
-- -   245,871
1,475,226
1916	
— -    267,725
1,606,350
1917—	
—    159,905
959,430
1918....-	
    188,967
1,322,769
1919 -—	
      91,138
637,966
1920..-	
—-       67,792
474,544
1921  -	
— -      59,434
416,038
1922 -	
       45,835
320,845
1923 - 	
 -      58,919
412,433
1924     -	
      30,615
214,305
526,295
1925 	
       75,185
Totals 	
 4,393,255
$25,673,600
TABLE XL—Coke and By-products Production of British Columbia, 1934 and 1935.
Description.
1934.
1935.
Quantity.
Value.
Quantity.
Value.
126,256
$644,167
114,104
$494,492
22,182
20,996
28,614
$154,182
213,653
197,997
24,170
13,316
41,177
$160,565
109,684
160,694
71,792
$565,832
1,439,287
43,266
4,976
78,663
$430,943
1,430,057
44,876
3,081
Gas made, purchased, and sold	
Total production value of coke industry	
$2,053,361
$1,908,957 THE MINING INDUSTRY.
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A 21
BRITISH
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Production in above graph is valued in Canadian funds. A 22
REPORT OF THE MINISTER OF MINES, 1935.
PRODUCTION OF LODE MINES IN BRITISH COLUMBIA, 1913-1935.
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A 23
TABLE XIV.—Men employed in the Mining Industry of British Columbia, 1935.
Lode-mining.   .
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Structural
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78
179
41
1
8
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No.  2	
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201
97
298
27
11
2
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No. 3     -	
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70
176
51
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25
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76
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1,618
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122
376
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75
245
614
34
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205
109
374
819
54
38
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7
1
524
361
No. 4 -	
978
No. 5	
6,188
No. 6	
115
818
455
1,273
259
1,200
456
1,656
264
259
214
4,040
Totals—
1935. _. _..
1,291
2,740
1,497
4,237
907
2,771
2,145
826
2,971
536
270
754
13,737
1934 -
1,122
2,796
1,729
4,525
631
2,890
2,050
843
2,893
377
187
360
12,985
TABLE XV.—Tonnage, Number of Mines, and Net Value of Lode Minerals, 1935.
District.
Tonnage.
No. of Shipping Mines,
1935.
No. of Mines
shipping over
100 Tons.
Net Value
to Shipper of
Lode Minerals
produced.
No. 1	
No. 2  	
No. 3                  	
1,379,425
74,830
27,444
127,215
2,172,582
1,134,653
11
8
8
37
92
21
6
3
5
19
30
9
$2,261,741
1,247,621
262,525
No. 4                      ■
1,451,670
No. 5                                    	
13,988,213
No. 6         -	
6,196,144
4,916,147
177
72
$25,407,914 A 24
REPORT OF THE MINISTER OF MINES, 1935.
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REPORT OF THE MINISTER OP MINES, 1935.
TABLE XVII.—Mining Companies Employing an Average op Ten
or more Men during 1935.
Shipping Mines.
Days Operating.
Average Number
of Men.
Tonnage.
Mine.
Mill.
Mine.
Mill.
Mined.
Milled or
Shipped.
Granby Cons. M.S. & P. Co., Ltd.—
211
212
212
345
74
100
364
365
365
364
259
168
184
300
108
310
298
333
305
360
340
276
225
197
278
148
180
170
245
260
280
307
365
365
218
365
365
68
365
150
290
338
343
325
348
315
349
279
336
212
212
340
116
15
298
365
365
355
113
134
59
161
359
335
304
122
193
312
180
101
100
60
306
323
365
220
139
348
70
266
241
210
348
365
349
169
170
55
367
15
20
8
12
144
125
61
35
16
25
7
15
6
16
18
52
11
20
17
71
5
60
589
15
12
32
12
14 "
10
8
45
42
96
57
40
61
5
42
10
10
48
12
38
273
23
200
13
13
376
65
65
7
4
5
30
12
13
25
7
5
7
3
16
9
7
99
6
20
235
5
13
6
25
2
7
8
33
10
9
17
8
18
6
4
18
11
25
7
200
65,570
1,132,123
8,907
12,113
65,570
1,135,820
Granby Point.  	
Surf Point—..     __ _	
Surf Inlet	
8,907
12,113
137
Dun well  Syndicate 	
3,022
3,851
149,672
43,269
30,340
14,535
700
7,241
1,838
908
8,530
529
1,829
32,447
1,092
629
7,972
55,314
5,112
57,715
1,876,105
11,000
3,021
3,851
149,671
43,418
Island Mountain Mines Co   „.„ .
30,340
15,732
Jenny Long: Gold Mines 	
700
7,141
1,838
908
14,737
529
Bell Mine, Ltd. .
1,829
Dentonia Mines, Ltd   	
32,447
1,092
629
7,972
54,032
5,112
55,918
1,859,221
11,000
20,165
2,303
9,000
20,165
Noble Five '	
2,303
9,000
Gold Fern          	
833
17,100
16,799
39,917
28,197
600
14,650
12,998
39,862
28,197
11,450
Sheep Creek Gold Mines   -	
Ymir Yankee Girl, Ltd	
31,480
3,000
28,813
31,480
2,850
28,813
Velvet Gold Mining Co..  	
Franklin River  (B.C.)    .
75
7,330
160
4,402
145,113
20,558
135,781
75
Vidette Gold Mines, Ltd _	
Abco Mines, Ltd. '  	
Grange Mines, Ltd 	
7,052
46
4,300
145,113
20,558
135,467
2 693
Pioneer Gold Mines	
Ashloo Gold Mining Syndicate.— —	
Britannia M. & S. Co., Ltd..  _	
817,250
817,250 THE MINING INDUSTRY.
A 31
TABLE XVII.—Mining Companies Employing an Average of Ten
or more Men during 1935—Continued.
Non-shipping Mines.
Name of Mine or Company.
Days Operating.
Average Number
of Men.
Tonnage.
Mine.
Mill.
Mine.
Mill.
Mined.
Milled or
Shipped.
365
260
155
275
365
355
365
79
365
365
123
365
250
40
15
14
12
7
10
20
11
19
26
23
12
27
32
10
30
Gold Belt                   	
B.K.X. Gold Mines	
LECTURES TO PROSPECTORS.
The series of fourteen lectures on geology and mining, prepared by the Provincial Mineralogist in 1934, was again presented during the winter of 1935-36 by the Resident Mining
Engineers and other instructors at the following centres throughout the Province:—
Michel-Natal.
Kelowna.
Hazel ton.
Prince George.
Smithers.
Usk.
Kimberley.
New Denver.
North Vancouver.
Penticton.
Prince Rupert.
Princeton.
Premier.
Rossland.
Savona (Vidette mine).
Vancouver (three classes).
Victoria (two classes).
Slocan.
Burnaby (two classes).
Burton.
Nakusp.
Sanca.
Boswell.
Cranbrook.
Fort Steele.
Wardner.
Fernie.
Grasmere (Flagstone Station).
The estimated total average attendance at the lectures prior to the completion of the course
was 1,268. This work was carried out in conjunction with the Department of Education and
it is expected that the lectures will be given during the winter of 1936 and 1937.
PLACER TRAINING CAMPS.
The Provincial Government Department of Labour created a plan whereby unmarried,
physically fit, unemployed men between the ages of 21 and 25 years were given an opportunity
to learn Placer-mining. Instruction was carried out under the direction of the Senior Engineer. Camp-sites were not chosen with the idea of finding bonanza deposits of Placer gold,
but locations were made close to transportation where a sufficient amount of gold was procurable to demonstrate mining methods. To fulfil this idea, four placer-mining training camps
were established in reserved areas a mile long, as follows: On the Nanaimo river; on Emory
creek; at Cherry Creek; and on the Fraser river 10 miles north-east of Quesnel. Each camp
held twenty-five men. Two instructors were appointed to each tent-camp, one to teach Placer-
mining methods in all its different phases; the other to instruct the men in the art of camp-
cooking and how to look after themselves in the hills. This included " first-aid " instruction.
Food and equipment supplied was similar to that used by prospectors.
Instruction lasted from a month to six weeks, according to ability to learn. In some
camps such as Emory creek tuition lasted longer because more construction was necessary to
bring water for sluicing to the workings. A 32 REPORT OF THE MINISTER OF MINES, 1935.
A total of about fifty men in groups of five, after training was completed, were equipped
and sent out prospecting within reasonable distances from transportation.
This plan was considered advisable on account of the lateness of the season when training
stopped.
Gold recovered whilst in training was shared amongst the trainees. When prospecting
all recoveries were shared by parties of five.
GEOLOGICAL SURVEY OF CANADA.
By an arrangement made at the time the Province of British Columbia entered Confederation, all geological investigations and mapping in the Province were to be carried on by the
Geological Survey of Canada; this agreement has been fully adhered to by the Dominion
Government and has proved of great benefit to the mining industry of the Province. Each
year several geological parties are kept in the field, and in the aggregate a vast amount of
information is made available to the prospector and the mining engineer in the many excellent
reports and maps covering British Columbia which have been issued by the Geological Survey
of Canada.
For some years a branch office of the Geological Survey has been maintained in Vancouver,
where copies of maps and reports on British Columbia can be obtained. The officer in charge
of the British Columbia office is W. E. Cockfield and the address is 512 Winch Building,
Vancouver, B.C.
During the season of 1935 the Geological Survey of Canada had the following officers
employed on field-work in British Columbia:—
George Hanson with D. A. McNaughton carried out geological reconnaissance in the
Eagle River-McDame Creek area, north and east of Dease lake. E. D. Kindle made detailed
examinations of mineral properties in the vicinity of the Prince Rupert branch of the Canadian
National Railways east from Terrace. M. S. Hedley conducted a reconnaissance survey on a
scale of 4 miles to the inch in the Sibola district. A. Lang carried out a detailed survey in the
Keithley Creek area of the Cariboo. C. E. Cairnes continued detailed geological mapping in
the Bridge River district. H. C. Horwood conducted a reconnaissance survey on 4 miles to
the inch west of the Fraser river, southerly from the Nahatlatch river. M. F. Bancroft
examined the gold-bearing deposits on the west coast of Vancouver island from Alberni canal
to north of Esperanza inlet. N. F. G. Davis carried out a reconnaissance survey on a scale
of 4 miles to the inch in the Camp McKinney area. H. V. Warren carried out similar work
in the David Creek area. W. E. Cockfield made detailed examinations of mineral properties
in the Ymir-Nelson area. H. M. A. Rice completed geological mapping on a scale of 1 mile
to the inch in the Cranbrook area.
R. Bartlett in charge and A. C. Tuttle carried out topographic mapping on a scale of
4 miles to the inch in the Eagle River-McDame Creek area; W. H. Miller in charge and S. M.
Steeves on the Smithers sheet; H. A. S. West on the Fort Fraser sheet; J. A. McDonald on
the Giscome sheet; and R. C. McDonald on the Ashcroft and Hope sheets, carried out topographic mapping on a scale of 4 miles to the inch. THE MINING INDUSTRY. A 33
SYNOPSIS OF MINING LAWS OF B.C.
BY
Robert Dunn.
Mineral Act and Placer-mining Act.
The mining laws of British Columbia are very liberal in their nature and compare favourably with those of any other part of the world. The terms under which both lode and placer
claims and placer leaseholds are held are such that a prospector is greatly encouraged in his
work, and the titles, especially for mineral claims and placer-mining leaseholds, are perfect.
The fees required to be paid are as small as possible, consistent with a proper administration of
the mining industry, and are generally lower than those commonly imposed elsewhere. Provision is also made for the formation of mining partnerships practically without expense, and
a party of miners is enabled to take advantage of these sections of the Acts so that such
miners may work their claims jointly.
Placer-mining leases are granted for a period of twenty years and are approximately 80
acres in size. On a lode claim of 51 acres the expenditure of $500 in work, which may be spread
over five years, is required to obtain a Crown grant, and surface rights are obtainable at a
small figure, in no case exceeding $5 per acre.
The following synopsis of the mining laws will be found sufficient to enable the miner
or intending investor to obtain a general knowledge of their scope and requirements; for
particulars, however, the reader is referred to the Acts relating to mining, which may be
obtained from any Mining Recorder, or from the Department of Mines or the King's Printer,
Victoria, B.C.
Free Miners' Certificates.
Any person over the age of 18, and any joint-stock company, may obtain a free miner's
certificate on payment of the required fee.
The fee to an individual for a free miner's certificate is $5 for one year. To a joint-stock
company having a capital of $100,000, or less, the fee for a year is $50; if capitalized beyond
this, the fee is $100.
The free miners' certificates run from date of issue and expire on the 31st of May next
after its date, or some subsequent 31st day of May (that is to say, a certificate may be taken
out a year or more in advance if desired). Certificates may be obtained for any part of a year,
terminating on May 31st, for a proportionately less fee.
The possession of this certificate entitles the holder to enter upon all lands of the Crown,
and upon any other lands on which the right to so enter is not specially reserved, for the
purpose of prospecting for minerals, locating claims, and mining.
A free miner can only hold, by location, one mineral claim on the same vein or lode, but
may acquire others by purchase. Under the " Placer-mining Act," a free miner may locate
one placer claim or leasehold in his own name and one placer claim or leasehold for each of
two free miners for whom he acts as agent, on any separate creek, river-bed, bar or dry
diggings.    Other placer claims or leaseholds may be acquired by purchase.
In the event of a free miner allowing his certificate to lapse, his mining property (if not
Crown-granted) reverts to the Crown (subject to the conditions set out in the next succeeding
paragraph), but where other free miners are interested as partners or co-owners the interest
of the defaulter becomes vested in the continuing co-owners or partners pro rata, according
to their interests.
Six months' extension of time within which to revive title in mining property which has
been forfeited through the lapse of a free miner's certificate is allowed. This privilege is
given only if the holder of the property obtains a special free miner's certificate within six
months after the 31st of May on which his ordinary certificate lapsed. The fee for this special
certificate in the case of a person is $15 and in that of a company $300.
It is not necessary for a shareholder, as such, in an incorporated mining company to be
the holder of a free miner's certificate.
3 A 34 REPORT OF THE MINISTER OF MINES, 1935.
Mineral Claims.
Mineral claims are located and held under the provisions of the " Mineral Act."
A mineral claim is a piece of land not exceeding in area fifty-one and sixty-five one-
hundredths acres. The angles must be right angles unless the boundaries, or one of them, are
the same as those of a previously recorded claim.
No special privileges are allowed for the discovery of new mineral claims or districts.
A mineral claim is located by erecting three " legal posts," which are stakes having a
height of not less than 4 feet above ground and squared 4 inches at least on each face for not
less than a foot from the top. A tree-stump so cut and squared also constitutes a legal post.
A cairn of stones not less than 4 feet in height and not less than 1 foot in diameter 4 feet above
the ground may also be used as a legal post.
The " discovery post " is placed at the point where the mineral in place is discovered.
Nos. 1 and 2 posts are placed as near as possible on the line of the ledge or vein, shown by
the discovery post, and mark the boundaries of the claim. Upon each of these three posts
must be written the name of the claim, the name of the locator, and the date of location. On
No. 1 post, in addition, the following must be written: " Initial post.    Direction of Post No.
2 [giving approximate compass bearing'] feet of this claim lie on the right and • •
feet on the left of the line from No. 1 to No. 2 posts."
The location-line between Nos. 1 and 2 posts must be distinctly marked—in a timbered
locality by blazing trees and cutting underbrush, and in bare country by monuments of earth
or rock not less than 2 feet in diameter at the base, and at least 2 feet high—so that the line
can be distinctly seen.
Mineral claims must be recorded in the Mining Recorder's office for the mining division
in which they are situate within fifteen days from the date of location, one day extra being
allowed for each 10 miles of distance from the recording office after the first 10 miles. If a
claim is not recorded in time it is deemed abandoned and open for relocation, but if the original
locator wishes to relocate he can only do so by permission of the Gold Commissioner of the
district and upon the payment of a fee of $10. This applies also to a claim abandoned for
any reason whatever.
Mineral claims are, until the Crown grant is issued, held practically on a yearly lease,
a condition of which is that during such year assessment-work be performed on the same to the
value of at least $100, or a payment of such sum be made to the Mining Recorder. Such assessments must foe recorded foefore the expiration of the year, or the claim is deemed abandoned.
If, however, the required assessment-work has been performed within the year, but not
recorded within that time, a free miner may, within thirty days thereafter, record such
assessment-work upon payment of an additional fee of $10. The actual cost of the survey of a
mineral claim, to an amount not exceeding $100, may also be recorded as assessment-work.
If, during any year, work is done to a greater extent than the required $100, any further sum
of $100—but not less—may be recorded and counted as further assessments; such excess
work must be recorded during the year in which it is performed. All work done on a mineral
claim between the time of its location and recording may be counted as work done during the
first period of one year from the recording. As soon as assessment-work to the extent of $500
is recorded and a survey made of the claim, the owner of a mineral claim is entitled to a
Crown grant on payment of a fee of $25, and giving the necessary notices required by the Act.
Liberal provisions are also made in the Act for obtaining mill-sites and other facilities in the
way of workings and drains for the better working of claims.
Placer Claims.
Placer-mining is governed by the " Placer-mining Act," and by the interpretation clause
its scope is defined as " the mining of any natural stratum or bed of earth, gravel, or cement
mined for gold or other precious minerals or stones." Placer claims are of four classes, as
follows:—
" ' Creek diggings ':  any mine in the bed of any stream or ravine:
" ' Bar diggings ':  any mine between high- and low-water marks on a river, lake, or other
large body of water:
" ' Dry diggings ':  any mine over which water never extends: THE MINING INDUSTRY. A 35
" ' Precious-stone diggings ': any deposit of precious stones, whether in veins, beds, or
gravel deposits."
The following provisions as to extent of the various classes of claims are made by the
Act:—
" In ' creek diggings ' a claim shall be two hundred and fifty feet long, measured in the
direction of the general course of the stream, and shall extend in width one thousand
feet, measured from the general course of the stream five hundred feet on either side
of the centre thereof:
" In ' bar diggings ' a claim shall be :■—■
"(a.)  A piece of land not exceeding two hundred and fifty feet square on any bar
which is covered at high water;   or
"(6.)  A strip of land two hundred and fifty feet long at high-water mark, and in
width extending from high-water mark to extreme low-water mark:
" In ' dry diggings ' a claim shall be two hundred and fifty feet square."
The following provision is made for new discoveries of placer-mining ground:—
" If any free miner, or party of free miners, discovers a new locality for the prosecution
of placer-mining and such discovery be established to the satisfaction of the Gold Commissioner, placer claims of the following sizes shall be allowed to such discoverers, namely:—
"To one discoverer, one claim    600 feet in length;
" To a party of two discoverers, two claims amounting together to 1,000 feet in length;
" And to each member of a party beyond two in number, a claim of the ordinary size only.
" The width of such claims shall be the same as ordinary placer claims of the same class:
Provided that where a discovery claim has been established in any locality no further discovery
shall be allowed within five miles therefrom, measured along the watercourses."
Every placer claim shall be as nearly as possible rectangular in form, and marked by four
legal posts at the corners thereof, firmly fixed in the ground. On each of such posts shall be
written the name of the locator, the number and date of issue of his free miner's certificate, the
date of the location, and the name given to the claim. In timbered localities boundary-lines of
a placer claim shall be blazed so that the posts can be distinctly seen, underbrush cut, and
the locator shall also erect legal posts not more than 125 feet apart on all boundary-lines. In
localities where there is no timber or underbrush, monuments of earth and rock, not less than
2 feet high and 2 feet in diameter at base, may be erected in lieu of the last-mentioned legal
posts, but not in the case of the four legal posts marking the corners of the claim.
A placer claim must be recorded in the office of the Mining Recorder for the mining division
within which the same is situate, within fifteen days after the location thereof, if located within
10 miles of the office of the Mining Recorder by the most direct means of travel. One additional day shall be allowed for every 10 miles additional or fraction thereof. The number of
days shall be counted inclusive of the days upon which such location was made, but exclusive of
the day of application for record. The application for such record shall be under oath and in
the form set out in the Schedule to the Act. A claim which shall not have been recorded within
the prescribed period shall be deemed to have been abandoned.
To hold a placer claim for more than one year it must be rerecorded before the expiration
of the record or rerecord.
A placer claim must be worked by the owner, or some one on his behalf, continuously, as
far as practicable, during working-hours. If work is discontinued for a period of seventy-two
hours, except during the close season, lay-over, leave of absence, sickness, or for some other
reason to the satisfaction of the Gold Commissioner, the claim is deemed abandoned.
Lay-overs are declared by the Gold Commissioner upon proof being given to him that the
supply of water is insufficient to work the claim. Under similar circumstances he has also the
power to declare a close season, by notice in writing and published in the Gazette, for all or
any claims in his district. Tunnel and drain licences are also granted by him on the person
applying giving security for any damage that may arise. Grants of right-of-way for the construction of tunnels or drains across other claims are also granted on payment of a fee of $25,
the owner of the claims crossed having the right for tolls, etc., on the tunnel or drain which may
be constructed. These tolls, however, are, so far as the amount goes, under the discretion of
the Gold Commissioner. A 36 REPORT OF THE MINISTER OF MINES, 1935.
Co-owners and Partnerships.
In both the " Mineral " and " Placer-mining " Acts provision is made for the formation of
mining partnerships, both of a general and limited liability character. These are extensively
taken advantage of and have proved very satisfactory in their working. Should a co-owner
fail or refuse to contribute his proportion of the expenditure required as assessment-work on
a claim he may be " advertised out," and his interest in the claim shall become vested in his
co-owners who have made the required expenditure, pro rata according to their former
interests.
It should not be forgotten that if any co-owner permit his free miner's certificate to lapse,
the title of his associates is not prejudiced, but his interest reverts to the remaining co-owners;
provided that said co-owner has not taken advantage of the six months' period of grace allowed
for the taking-out of a special free miner's certificate, thus reviving the title to his interest.
Placer-mining Leases.
Leases of unoccupied Crown lands approximately 80 acres in extent may be granted by
the Gold Commissioner of the district after location has been made by staking along a " location-line " not more than one-half a mile (2,640 feet) in length. In this line one bend, or
change of direction, is permitted. Where a straight line is followed two posts only are
necessary—namely, an " initial post " and a " final post." Where there is a change of direction a legal post must be placed to mark the point of the said change. The leasehold is allowed
a width not in excess of one-quarter mile (1,320 feet), and the locator, both on his " initial
post " and in his notice of intention to apply, which is posted at the office of the Mining
Recorder, is required to state how many feet are included in the location to the right and how
many feet to the left of the location-line.
That section of the Act dealing with the staking of placer-mining leases follows:—
" 105a. (1.) For the purpose of locating a placer leasehold, a line to be known as the
' location-line' shall be marked on the ground by placing a legal post at each end, one post
to be known as the ' Initial Post' and the other as the ' Final Post.' The direction of the
location-line may change at not more than one point throughout its length, and an intermediate
legal post shall be placed at the point at which the direction changes. The total length of the
location-line, following its change of direction (if any), shall not exceed two thousand six
hundred and forty feet.
" (2.) Upon the initial post and the final post shall be written the words ' Initial Post'
and ' Final Post' respectively, together with the name of the locator and the date of the
location. On the initial post shall also be written the approximate compass-bearing of the
final post, and a statement of the number of feet of the leasehold lying on the right and on
the left of the location-line, as viewed from the initial post, not exceeding in the aggregate a
width of thirteen hundred and twenty feet, thus: ' Direction of Final Post,
feet of this claim lie on the right and feet on the left of the location-line.'    In addition
to the foregoing, where there is a change of direction in the location-line as marked on the
ground, the number ' 1 ' shall be written on the initial post; the number ' 2 ' shall be written
on the intermediate post; and the number ' 3 ' shall be written on the final post. There also
shall be affixed to the initial post a notice to the following effect, namely: ' Application will
be made under the " Placer-mining Act " for a lease of the ground within this location.'
" (3.) The location-line shall at the time of location be marked between the legal posts
throughout its length so that it can be distinctly seen; in a timbered locality, by blazing trees
and cutting underbrush, and in a locality where there is neither timber nor underbrush, by
placing legal posts or monuments of earth or stones not less than two feet high and not less
than two feet in diameter at the base, so that the location-line can be distinctly seen.
"(4.) Where, from the nature or shape of the surface of the ground, it is impracticable
to mark the location-line of a leasehold as provided by this section, the leasehold may be located
by placing legal posts as witness-posts, as near as possible to the location-line, and writing on
each witness-post the distance and compass-bearing of some designated point on the location-
line from the witness-post; and the distances and compass-bearing so written on the witness-
posts shall be set out in the application for the lease and in any lease granted thereon. THE MINING INDUSTRY.
A 37
"(5.)   The locator shall, within thirty days after the date of the location, post a notice in
Form 1 in the office of the Mining Recorder, which notice shall set out:—
"(a.)   The name of the intending applicant or each applicant if more than one, and
the numbers of their free miners' certificates:
"(6.)  The date of the location:
"(c.) The number of feet lying to the right and left of the location-line, and the
approximate area or size of the ground.
The words written on the initial post and final post shall be set out in full in the notice; and
as accurate a description as possible of the ground to foe acquired shall be given, having special
reference to any prior locations it may join, and the general locality of the ground to be
acquired.
Examples of Various Methods of laying out Placer Leaseholds.
Showing Areas secured with Location-lines of Various Lengths.
Final Posts^
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Initial Post N'
"(6.) The location and area of the placer leasehold shall be determined by establishing its
end lines running from or through the initial post and from or through the final post, at right
angles to the course of the location-line at those posts, respectively; and by establishing its
side-line parallel to the course or courses of the location-line, and distant one thousand three
hundred and twenty feet from each other." A 38 REPORT OF THE MINISTER OF MINES, 1935.
Another provision is that there must be affixed to the " initial post" and to the " final
post" a numbered metal identification tag furnished by the Mining Recorder with each free
miner's certificate issued. These tags may be attached to the posts, or placed in a container
within a cairn, either at the time of location or some time during the succeeding year, but must
be so placed before the Mining Recorder will grant the first certificate of work in respect of the
leasehold.
The annual rental on a placer-mining lease is $30, and the amount to be expended annually
on development-work is $250.
Dredging leases on rivers for 5 miles below low-water mark are also granted. Section 122
of the Act establishes a definite method of staking such mining ground. Authority also has
been given for the granting of placer-mining leases for dredging purposes in locations other
than has been defined.
For more detailed information the reader is referred to the complete " Placer-mining Act,"
which may be obtained from the King's Printer, Victoria, B.C.
Table of Fees, Mineral Act and Placer-mining Act.
Individual free miner's certificate, annual fee   $5.00
Company free miner's certificate (capital $100,000 or less), annual fee  50.00
Company free miner's certificate (capital over $100,00), annual fee  100.00
Recording mineral or placer claim  2.50
Recording certificate of work, mineral claim  2.50
Rerecord of placer claim '.  2.50
Recording lay-over   2.50
Recording abandonment, mineral claim   10.00
Recording abandonment, placer claim   2.50
Recording any affidavit under three folios  2.50
Per folio over three, in addition  .30
Records in " Records of Conveyances," same as affidavits.
Filing documents, " Mineral Act "   .25
Filing documents, " Placer-mining Act "  1.00
Recording certificate of work, placer-mining lease  2.50
For Crown grant of mineral rights under " Mineral Act "  25.00
For Crown grant of surface rights of mineral claim under " Mineral Act "  10.00
For every lease under " Placer-mining Act "   5.00
Provisional Free Miners' Certificates (Placer) Act.
This Act was passed at the 1932 session of the Provincial Legislature and provides for the
issuance of ". provisional free miners' certificates " for the locating, recording, representing,
and working of placer claims of a size, and according to the terms, and in the manner set out
in Parts II. and III. of the " Placer-mining Act." Any person over 18 years of age who has
resided in the Province continuously for a perod of not less than six months prior to date of his
application may, on application accompanied by a statutory declaration or other satsfactory
evidence as to his age and period of residence in the Province, obtain from any Gold Commissioner or Mining Recorder a provisional free miner's certificate. No fees are payable in
respect of such certificate, and it abolishes the fees payable in respect of the recording or
rerecording of placer claims, but no record or rerecord of a claim shall be granted for a longer
period than one year without the payment of fees. It should be pointed out that the provisional free miner's certificate does not carry the privileges of an ordinary free miner's
certificate as to the staking and working of placer-mining leases or mineral claims.
An amendment passed at the 1933 session of the Legislative Assembly gives the Lieutenant-Governor in Council, as a means of unemployment relief, power to make provision for the
establishment, equipment, maintenance, and operation of one or more placer training camps
at suitable locations, at which unemployed persons who hold provisional free miners' certificates
and are British subjects may acquire knowledge and training in the art of placer-mining and
may be afforded gainful work in the recovery of minerals by placer-mining. Reserves for the
location of such camps shall not exceed one mile in length by one-half a mile in width, and the THE MINING INDUSTRY. A 39
right is given to enter into agreements with private holders under the Act for the development
of their ground by means of unemployment relief camps.
Mines Development Act.
When it is shown to the satisfaction of the Minister of Mines that ore-bodies exist in
quantity and of commercial value sufficient to warrant the expenditure of public moneys, the
Minister of Mines may authorize the expenditure of so much of the public money as may be
required for the construction, reconstruction, or repair of trails, roads, and bridges to facilitate
the operation and development of such mineral or placer claims.
Furthermore, the Minister of Mines may authorize the expenditure of public money
towards the building or repairing of trails and bridges in or to any mineral district for the
purpose of facilitating the exploration of the mineral resources of the district, such expenditure not to exceed 50 per cent, of the cost of the work. If such roads, trails, or bridges have
been built by any person or company having mining interests in the district, the Minister of
Mines may refund to such person a portion, not exceeding 50 per cent, of the cost of such
construction.
Mineral Survey and Development Act, 1929.
Part I.—Mineral Survey.
A mineral survey of the Province has been established, to be carried on continuously and
records thereof kept.
For this purpose the Province has been divided into Mineral Survey Districts, and there
are five Resident Engineers who, with such assistance as is necessary, devote their whole time
to carrying out the provisions of this Act, reporting direct to the Minister.
Part II.—Aid to Prospectors.
The Resident Engineer in each district shall aid prospectors, as far as practicable:—
(a.) By giving information as to mineral indications and as to ground open for
location as mineral claims or placer claims as a result of knowledge gained
during the carrying-out of the mineral survey of his district:
(6.) By examining samples and applying such tests as may be possible on the ground
or in his office and advising as to the nature of any mineral and as to the best
available methods of analysis, sampling, assay, and test:
(c.) By forwarding samples to the Minister of Mines for further examination and
tests whenever in his opinion such course is necessary or expedient:
(d.) By reporting to the Minister of Mines the location and approximate cost of
such roads, trails, and bridges as in his opinion are reasonably necessary in
order to render possible the development of any mineral resources;   and
(e.) Generally, by giving such advice, information, and directions as may be of
assistance to miners and prospectors within his district.
Part III.—Protection of Wage-earners.
1. Every person giving or making a working bond or a lease, with or without any option
for sale, of any mining property shall insert therein a provision that during the currency of
the bond or lease all free miners and wage-earners employed on or about the mining property
shall be paid their wages semi-monthly, and shall demand and receive a letter, to be procured
by the holder of the bond or lease from a Gold Commissioner or Government Agent or Mining
Recorder, stating that security for such wages has been given pursuant to this section, otherwise the person giving or making the bond or lease shall be under personal liability to pay all
such wages.
2. Every person taking a right or option to work or purchase any mining property shall
furnish to the nearest Gold Commissioner, or Government Agent, or Mining Recorder adequate
security from time to time for the payment semi-monthly of the wages of all free miners and
wage-earners employed on or about the mining property, on the terms that every such security
shall be forthwith realized and payment of wages made upon any default; and every Gold
Commissioner, Government Agent, and Mining Recorder shall have full power and authority A 40 REPORT OF THE MINISTER OF MINES, 1935.
to realize upon the security lodged with him so as to make payment of any wages in default,
and shall make payment thereof up to the amount realized.
Part IV.—Protection of Investors.
Each Resident Engineer shall, upon receiving notice of any advertised or solicited sale of
shares in any company or in any claim or mine or mineral property whatsoever, upon statements or terms not in accordance with actual facts and conditions, notify the Minister of Mines,
who, upon investigation, may, if found necessary, give such notice, either personal or public,
as may be necessary to prevent any injury to investors; and every notice given under this
section by the Minister of Mines shall be absolutely privileged.
Iron and Steel Bounties Act, 1929.
The Lieutenant-Governor in Council may enter into an agreement with any person whereby
the Crown will pay to that person, out of the Consolidated Revenue Fund, bounties on pig-iron
and steel shapes when manufactured within the Province, as follows:—
(a.)   In respect of pig-iron manufactured from ore, on the proportion produced from
ore mined in the Province, a bounty not to exceed three dollars per ton of two
thousand pounds:
(&.)  In respect of pig-iron manufactured from ore, on the proportion produced from
ore mined outside the Province, a bounty not to exceed one dollar and fifty
cents per ton of two thousand pounds:
(c.)   In respect of steel shapes of commercial utility manufactured in the Province,
a bounty not to exceed one dollar per ton of two thousand pounds.
Bounty, as on pig-iron under this Act, may be paid upon the molten iron from ore which in
the electric furnace, Bessemer or other furnace, enters into the manufacture of steel by the
process employed in such furnace;  the weight of such iron to be ascertained from the weight
of the steel so manufactured.
Bounty on steel shapes under this Act shall be paid only upon such steel shapes as are
manufactured in a rolling-mill having a rated productive capacity per annum of at least
twenty thousand tons of two thousand pounds per ton.
Phosphate-mining Act, 1925.
This Act takes the mineral tricalcium phosphate out of the " Mineral Act " for the purpose
of administration. This is done to make possible the staking of phosphate claims one mile
square in area.
Any person desirous of securing a licence to prospect for phosphate is required to stake
the land he may wish to acquire and work; and after such staking shall post in the office of the
Gold Commissioner for the mining division in which the land is situated a notice of his intention to apply for a licence. Then the applicant is required to make application in writing to
such Gold Commissioner for a prospecting licence over the land for any term not exceeding
one year. The Gold Commissioner shall forward this application to the Hon. the Minister of
Mines, who may grant to the applicant a prospecting licence. Application shall be accompanied by a licence fee of $100. The land to be acquired shall be of a rectangular shape and
shall not exceed 640 acres for each licence, measuring 80 chains by 80 chains, and boundary-
lines shall be run true north and south and true east and west. A renewal of the licence may
be obtained for a second period of one year upon payment of further licence fee of $100, and
furnishing proof that he has explored for phosphate and has expended not less than $50 in
such exploration-work. An extension of the term for a third period of one year may be
granted upon like conditions and terms. Provision is made for the payment of $150 in cash
in lieu of exploration-work. The cost of the survey of the land, not being less than $150, can
be counted as exploration-work. If during any one year work is done to a greater extent than
the required $50—but not less—same may be applied as work for any subsequent year that
the licence remains in force.
The Lieutenant-Governor in Council may grant a lease of the land covered by a prospecting licence to any licensee who during the existence of his licence, or within thirty days
following the expiry of same, gives satisfactory evidence that he has discovered phosphate on
such lands.    He shall at the same time pay a sum sufficient to cover the first annual rental THE MINING INDUSTRY. A 41
and also shall have expended not less than $50 per licence in exploration-work during the
term of the last renewal licence or tender in lieu thereof the sum of $50 per licence. Such
lease shall be granted for a term of five years, renewable for three years, and for a further
three years after the expiry of the first renewal. A lease shall not be issued until the land
has been surveyed by an authorized land surveyor. An annual rental rate of 15 cents per
acre shall be payable under said lease.
The lease provides for the expenditure of not less than $100 per annum in the development
of a mine, or the payment of $100 in lieu of .such development-work. Excess work done in any
one year may be applied as work to subsequent years. Provision is also made for the purchase
of phosphate-mining rights.
Metalliferous Mines Regulation Act.
At the 1935 session of the Provincial Legislature " An Act to amend and consolidate the
Enactments regulating the Working of Metalliferous Mines, Quarries, and Metallurgical
Works " was passed. This Act is known as the " Metalliferous Mines Regulation Act," and, in
its general tone, its clear purpose is to maintain the highest standard in respect of safety and
of healthy conditions, both on the surface and underground in mining operations. The idea
is to not only assure, as far as practicable, the protection of workmen against injury, but to
establish those conditions best calculated to safeguard the health of the men employed. The
Act also provides for the drafting of regulations, if such are found necessary, for the protection of men who are working under conditions which may lead to pulmonary disability.
This Act may be divided into six parts, as follows:—
(1.)   Administration:
(2.)   Duties of owners, managers, and others:
(3.)   Special Rules for protection of miners:
(4.) General Rules, having reference to: (a) Employees; (6) Ventilation; (c)
Explosives and blasting; (d) Fire-protection; (e) Connection between mines;
(/) Mine signals; (g) Aid to injured; (h) Prevention of dust; (i) Handling
of water; (j) Sanitation; (k) Protection of working-places, shafts, winzes,
raises, etc.; (I) Ladder-ways; (m) Shaft equipment and operation; (n)
Testing of brakes; (o) Haulage; (p) Protection from machinery; (q)
Electrical installations:
(5.) General Rules for quarries:
(6.)   Supplemental. A 42 REPORT OF THE MINISTER OF MINES, 1935.
SUMMARY OF ACTS SPECIALLY RELATING TO MINING.
(The complete Acts may be obtained from the King's Printer, Victoria, B.C.)
Mining Licences under the Coal and Petroleum Act.
Any person desiring to prospect for coal, petroleum, or natural gas upon any unsurveyed
unreserved lands in which these resources are held by the Crown may acquire a licence to do so
over a rectangular block ,'of land not exceeding 640 acres, of which the boundaries shall run
due north and south and east and west, and no side shall exceed 80 chains (1 mile) in length.
Before entering into possession of the said lands he shall place at the corner of such block a
legal stake, or initial post, and shall inscribe thereon his name and the angle respresented by
such post, thus: " A. B.'s N.E. corner," or as the case may be, and shall post in a conspicuous
place upon the said land, and also in the Government office of the land recording district, notice
of his intention to apply, as well as publishing the same in the B.C. Gazette and local newspaper once each week for four consecutive weeks. If the area applied for is surveyed no
staking is required, but the same procedure with regard to advertising notice of intention to
apply is necessary.
The application for said licence shall be in writing, in duplicate, and shall contain the best
written description possible, with a diagram of the land sought to be acquired, and shall be
accompanied with a fee of $100. The application shall be made to the Commissioner of Lands
for the district, and by him forwarded to the Minister of Lands, who will grant such licence—
provided no reasons arise to the contrary—for a period not to exceed one year, and at the
expiration of the first year an extension of such licence may be granted for a second or third
year at a fee of $100.
Where coal is discovered during the existence of licence or within thirty days after
expiration, the land held under licence, having been surveyed and licence conditions fulfilled,
may be leased for five years at rental of 15 cents an acre, subject to renewals for five successive
periods of three years each, renewal fee being $100 for each lease, in addition to annual rental.
Lessees, on showing continuous work has been done and reasonable expenditure made for
development, may, after carrying out the provisions of the lease, purchase at $20 per acre
where surface is available, or $15 per acre for under-surface rights where surface is not
available. Lands under the sea may be purchased at $15 per acre. Provided also that, in
addition to the rental or purchase price, there shall be paid to the Government as a royalty
2% cents a barrel (35 imperial gallons) of crude petroleum raised or gotten from such land.
(See chapter 162, R.S.B.C. 1924.)
Taxation Act.
A preliminary note is essential to the understanding of this Act. As the law has stood, a
Crown-granted mineral claim on which taxes were in arrears for a number of years was offered
for sale by the Government at a tax sale, with arrears of taxes plus interest and charges and
Crown-grant fees as an upset price. If no sale was made the property remained in the hands
of the Assessor until desired by some one, when it could only be purchased by tender. It was
not open to location under the " Mineral Act " and a prospector had no protection, and to
relieve the situation an amending Act was passed.
Under the amended Act such reverted Crown-granted mineral claim may be obtained by
any person under a lease for .one year upon payment of $25, and a renewal of such lease may
be granted upon payment of further $25 for a further period of one year, but no longer. During the period of such lease the lessee has the right to enter, prospect, and mine on such mineral
claim, save for coal, petroleum, and natural gas, and during such time the lessee has the option
to purchase such Crown-granted mineral claim upon payment of all taxes, costs, and interest
which remained due and unpaid on such claim on the date of its forfeiture to the Crown,
together with an amount equal to all taxes and interest which, except for its forfeiture to the
Crown, would have been payable in respect thereof from the date of the lease to the date of
application for a Crown grant. If, however, the lessee establishes to the satisfaction of the
Gold Commissioner that he has expended upon the claim in mining-development work a sum of
not less than $200 a year during the continuance of the lease, then the payment of the sum in respect of taxes and penalties from the date of the lease to the date of application for a Crown
grant shall not be required. Provision also is made for the grouping of adjoining claims, not
exceeding eight in number, and the performing on one of such claims mining-development work
for all of the claims.
A person may obtain a lease, or interest in a lease, of eight such claims in the same mining
division.
Such leases are not transferable and are subject to the rights any person may already
hold to any portion of the surface of such Crown-granted mineral claim.
Taxation of Mines.
Crown-granted mineral claims are subject to a tax of 25 cents per acre. The tax becomes
due on April 1st in each year, and if unpaid on the following June 30th is deemed to be
delinquent.
All mines, other than coal, are subject to an output tax (payable quarterly) of 2 per cent,
on gross value of ore, less cost of transportation from mine to reduction-works and the cost
of treating same at reduction-works or on the mining premises.
Any such mine, not realizing on ore shipments a market value of $5,000 in any one year, is
entitled to a refund of the output tax paid.
All mines are subject to a tax upon income, subject to the exemptions and allowances given
in the " Income Tax Act "; provided, in the case of those mines paying an output tax, that an
income tax is only collected if such tax prove greater than the output tax, and the output tax is
then regarded as part payment of the income tax.
In addition to the ordinary working expenses, mines are allowed to deduct from their
income a charge for:—
(1.)   Development—being such proportion of this capital expenditure as is ascertained to be chargeable to the year's operation:
(2.)   Depreciation of buildings and plant:
(3.)  Depletion—being such proportion of the capital cost of the mine as, being a
wasting asset, is ascertained to be chargeable to the year's operation.
The above-mentioned charges are allowable at the discretion of the Minister of Finance,
subject, however, to an appeal to the Lieutenant-Governor in Council.
The rate of income tax varies from 1 per cent, up to a maximum of 10 per cent, on incomes
of $19,000 and over.
Coal is subject to a tax of 10 cents per ton of 2,240 lb., except CQal shipped to coke-ovens
within the Province.    Tax payable monthly.
Coke is subject to a tax of 10 cents per ton of 2,240 lb., except in respect of coke produced
from coal upon which this tax has already been paid.    Tax payable monthly.
Coal land from which coal is being mined (Class A) is taxed at 1 per cent, upon the
assessed value, in addition to any other tax.
Unworked coal land, known as " Coal Land, Class B," is subject to a tax of 2 per cent,
upon the assessed value.
For further particulars see the " Taxation Act," also the " Public Schools Act," which are
obtainable from the King's Printer, Victoria, B.C. A 44 REPORT OF THE MINISTER OF MINES, 1935.
ASSAY OFFICE.
BY
D. E. Whittaker.
During the year 1935 there were made by the staff in the Government Assay Office 6,548
assays or quantitative determinations and 279 analyses;   of these the majority were for the
Department of Mines or for the other departments, for which no fees were received.
The fees collected by the office were as follows:—
Fees for analyses      $122.00
Fees for assaying  63.50
Fees for assayers' examinations        300.00
Total cash receipts      $485.50
Determinations and examinations made for other Government departments, for which no fees were collected:— .
Attorney-General's Department   $393.00
Agricultural Department   2,098.00
Board of Health I  865.00
Forest Branch  210.00
Other departments   95.00
Treasury    =  232.00
$3,893.00
Value of work done outside of Mines Department work— $4,378.50
One hundred and fifty-five lots of gold was received from the Gold Commissioners, who
are purchasing amounts up to 2 oz. to aid the prospector in disposing of his gold.
FREE DETERMINATIONS.
In addition to the above quantitative work, about 703 qualitative determinations, or tests,
were made in connection'with the identification and classification of rocks or minerals sent to
the Assay Office for a report; for these no fees were charged, as it is the established custom
of the Department to examine and test qualitatively, without charge, samples of minerals sent
in from any part of the Province, and to give a report on the same. This has been done for the
purpose of encouraging the search for new or rare minerals and ores, and to assist prospectors
and others in the discovery of new mining districts, by enabling them to have determined, free
of cost, the nature and probable value of any rock they may find. In making these free determinations, the Department asks that the locality from which the sample was obtained be given
by the sender.
EXAMINATION FOR ASSAYERS.
The writer has the honour, as Secretary, to submit the Annual Report for the year 1935
of the Board of Examiners for Certificates of Competency and Licence to Practise Assaying
in British Columbia, as established under the " Department of Mines Act, 1934."
A meeting of the Board of Examiners was held on May 31st, July 22nd, and December
14th, 1935. Two candidates applied for examination on May 27th and one passed the examination. One candidate applied for examination on December 9th and passed the examination.
One candidate applied for exemption under section 10, subsection (2), of the Act on July 22nd.
One candidate applied for exemption under section 10, subsection (2), of the Act on December
9th. The Board recommended that certificates be issued to the above-mentioned four
candidates.
In accordance with the recommendations of the Board, certificates have been duly issued
by the Honourable the Minister of Mines to the four successful candidates. THE MINING INDUSTRY.
A 45
GOLD COMMISSIONERS AND MINING RECORDERS.
The following list shows the Gold Commissioners and Mining Recorders of the Province:
Mining Division,
Location of Office.
Gold Commissioner.
Mining Recorder.
Deputy Recorder.
Atlin	
Atlin  -_-	
K. F. Glassey '     	
H. F. Glassey 	
J. V. Boys.
Sub-office
Haines (U.S.)    	
(Com. for taking Affidavits)
B. A. Barnett.
Squaw Creek via Atlin
(Com. for taking Affidavits )
J. V. Boys  ■ 	
Stikine
J. V. Boys	
Boundary via Telegraph
Creek
T. E. Taylor.
J. V. Boys -_	
J. V. Boys 	
McDame Creek. 	
Fort St. John—__	
Fort Nelson  	
Dease Lake Townsite
Prince Rupert 	
Kitimat  	
Copper River 	
R. J. Meek.
F. W. Beatton.
J. S. Clark.
Skeena	
N. A. Watt - 	
N. A. Watt 	
0. T. Sundal.
Stewart (Portland
Canal)
Rosswood. ___ _ 	
Kimsquit __ 	
Anyox _ __	
H. W. Dodd.
N. A. Watt 	
N. A. Watt (at Prince
Rupert)
N. A. Watt	
H. W. Dodd.
Portland Canal 	
Stewart    ,	
Prince Rupert	
Bella Coola              	
H. W. Dodd  -	
N. A. Watt
Bella Bella
G. A. Charter, M.D. .
Geo. H. Hill.
Queen Charlotte 	
Jedway _ -	
N. A. Watt 	
W. T. Reavley.
T. D. Brunton.
Lockeport -	
Smithers  - 	
Omineca . 	
H. B. Campbell   .
H. B. Campbell
L. T. Kempple.
Bella Coola          ■	
Port St. James _	
Manson Creek    	
Alec Kynoch.
W. B. Steele.
T. J. Thorp.
Prince George .„ ■ 	
Geo. Milburn.
F. F. Monteith.
Port St. John      	
"Whitewater (Finlay
River) via Fort
Grahame
F. W. Beatton.
J.JE. Mdntyre.
John Thompson.
0. T. Snndal.
Fort Fraser _ _ _._
J. D. Moore.
Geo. Ogsdon.
Pacific  _ 	
T. H. McCubbin.
Wm. Grant.
T. E. Taylor.
Usk
.^
Jas. L. Bethurem.
Takla Landing  - .
Copper River   	
Mrs. Wilhemina
Sub-office	
Aiken.
L. G. Skinner. A 46
REPORT OP THE MINISTER OF MINES, 1935.
Gold Commissioners
and Mining Recorders—Continued
j
Mining Division.
Location of Office.
Gold Commissioner.
Mining Recorder.
Deputy Recorder.
Fort St. John             	
H. B. Campbell (at
Smithers)
F. W. Beatton	
G. Milburn.
A. MacKinnon.
F. F. Monteith.
M. S. Morrell.
Miss L. D. Boyd.
E. C. Lunn.
Geo. Milburn.
R. McKinlay.
E. C. Lunn.
A. Morrison.
J. P. Scarlett.
A. B. Campbell.
Hugh Adams.
L. C. Maclure.
W. Haylmore.
Edwin Rennie Hance.
Prince George 	
J. P. Scarlett	
J. P, Scarlett	
Prince George 	
L. C. Maclure	
Williams Lake 	
L. C. Maclure. 	
R. J. A. Dorrell--	
R. J. A. Dorrell—-	
Williams Lake 	
Haylmore, Bridge River
P.O.
E. Fisher	
Kamloops  -
Chu Chua               	
E. Fisher  ,*,.
George M. Fennell.
H. Finley.
A. P. Suckling.
E. Fisher (at Kam.)_.
W. C. Adam	
A. G. Freeze.	
H. Beech	
Geo. D. Mead.
Merritt      	
E. Fisher (at Kam.)_.
E. Fisher (at Kam.) _.
Yale
J. W. Chadwick.
Similkameen " _
Princeton,. 	
Hedley 	
Chas. Nichols 	
R. M. McGusty.     ,
L. A. Dodd	
Chas. Nichols	
R. M. McGusty	
R. E. Baxter.
F. H. C. Wilson.
C. W. Dickson.
G. B. Gane.
T. W. Clarke.
W. H. Laird.
L. S. Coleman.
R. E. Baxter.
Greenwood	
Kettle Valley
L. A. Dodd	
B ea verdell  —
Grand Forks •    	
Penticton	
Keremeos. _	
Hedley  	
E. Harrison 	
W. R. Dewdney	
W. R. Dewdney	
W. H. Laird.
Golden  _.__
Windermere _	
Fort Steele __	
Golden  ,	
Windermere 	
Cranbrook ' 	
A. W. Anderson	
A. W. Anderson (at
Golden)
J. E. Kennedy. _
A. W. Anderson	
A. M. Chisholm. v
J. E. Kennedy 	
W. M. H. Dunn
H. C. Moore.
H. R. Bryant.
Jno. E. Jones.
A. Robb.
W. J. Parham.
W. E. Graham.
R. H. Hassard.
Wm. Clark.
M. C. Donaldson.
Jno. E. Jones.
Ronald Hewat 	
Poplar Creek,	
Ronald Hewat (at
Kaslo)
Frank Broughton
Slocan City  	
Slocan _	
Ronald Hewat 	
T. McNeish  , ,	
J. Cartmel 	
Ymir  	
Arrow Lake.	
Revel stoke 	
Lardeau - _
Nakusp 	
Revelstoke	
Beaton 	
J. Cartmel (at Nelson)
Wyn field Maxwell
Wvnfield Maxwell (at
Revelstoke)
N. A. Herridge	
W. Maxwell	
Stephen Rowe '	 THE MINING INDUSTRY.
A 47
Gold Commissioners and Mining Recorders—Continued.
Mining Division.
Location of Office.
Gold Commissioner.
Mining Recorder.
Deputy Recorder.
Trail Creek
W. H. Reid  	
C. L. Monroe .	
W. H. Reid  -
C. L. Monroe _ _ -
Nanaimo  	
J. A. Knight.
Vananda	
Shoal Bay, Thurlow P.O. .
Granite Bay.  	
Powell River —	
Cumberland __	
Alberni  —
Clayoquot _ 	
Ceepeecee— —	
Quatsino —   -
Victoria  	
New Westminster	
Sub-office
A. C. Sutton.
S. B. Hamilton.
W. H. Boothroyd
W. H. Boothroyd (at
Alberni)
W. H. Boothroyd
W. T. Dawley_	
Clayoquot.   -,.
Quatsino..  	
Victoria— 	
W. H. Boothroyd (at
Alberni)
R. J. Steenson	
Ed. Evenson 	
R. J. Steenson —	
J. P. Mulcahy.
New Westminster	
A. P. Grant 1.	
A. B. Gray..    ,
Chas. J. Whittaker.
Vancouver ___	
Vancouver.  	
Lillooet    	
Haylmore, Bridge River
P.O.
A. S. Tyrer 	
R. A. Burgoyne 	
L. J. Price—- 	
T. B. Williams.
Sub-office A 48
REPORT OP THE MINISTER OF MINES, 1935.
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