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DEPARTMENT OF PROVINCIAL SECRETARY ANNUAL REPORT OF THE MENTAL HOSPITALS OF THE PROVINCE OF BRITISH COLUMBIA… British Columbia. Legislative Assembly 1938

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 DEPARTMENT OE PROVINCIAL SECRETARY
ANNUAL EEPOET
OF   THE
MENTAL HOSPITALS
PROVINCE OF BRITISH COLUMBIA
FOR 12 MONTHS ENDED MARCH 31ST
1938
PEINTED  BY
AUTHORITY OF THE LEGISLATIVE ASSEMBLY.
VICTORIA, B.C.:
Printed by Charles F. Banfield, Printer to the King's Most Excellent Majesty.
1938.
provincial Library
victoria. b.c.  To His Honour Eric W. Hamber,
Lieutenant-Governor of the Province of British Columbia.
May it please Your Honour:
The undersigned respectfully submits herewith the Annual Report of the Medical Superintendent of the Mental Hospitals for the fiscal year ended March 31st, 1938.
GEORGE M. WEIR,
Provincial Secretary.
Provincial Secretary's Office.  a
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55
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H  TABLE OF CONTENTS.
PART I.—MEDICAL. pAGE.
Officers and Staff, List of '     7
Report—General Medical Superintendent    9
Report, Laboratory—Director of Laboratory   12
Report—X-ray Department  13
Report—Oculist  14
Report—Physiotherapy  14
Report—Dentist  15
Report—Training-school  16
Report—Social Service  16
Statistical Tables—
1. Movement of Population during the Year  21
2. Summary of Operations of Hospitals since Inception  23
3. Admissions, Discharges, and Deaths  24
4. Civil  State of Patients admitted  ..  24
5. Religious Denominations of Patients ..  24
6. Educational Status of Patients  25
7. Nationality of Patients  25
8. Districts from which Patients were admitted  26
9. Occupation of Patients prior to Admission  28
10. Age of Patients on Admission  29
11. Number of Attacks at Time of Admission  29
12. Alleged Duration of Attacks prior to Admission  29
13. Table  of  Heredity .  30
14. Alleged Cause of Insanity in Patients admitted  30
15. State of Bodily Health of Patients admitted  30
16. Form of Mental Disorder in Patients admitted  31
17. Probation, Number allowed out on  31
18. Discharges, showing Alleged Duration of Insanity  31
19. Discharges, showing Length of Residence in Hospital and Condition at Time of
Discharge   32
20. Deaths, Cause of, and Length of Time in Hospital, Essondale, New Westminster,
and Saanich  32
PART II.—FINANCIAL.
Report—Bursar  37
Balance-sheet and Profit and Loss Account, New Westminster  39
Balance-sheet and Profit and Loss Account, Essondale  40
Balance-sheet and Profit and Loss Account, Saanich  41
Expense Statement, Psychopathic Department  42
Expense Statement, Headquarters Department  42
Financial Tables—
A. Average Residence, Maintenance, and Per Capita Cost since Inception  43
'       \   Analysis of Gross Per Capita Cost 45, 46
"       I    Yearly Gross Expenditure, Analysis of, since Inception 48, 49
D. Summary of Gross and Net Per Capita Cost in all Hospitals  51
E. Expense and Revenue Statement, New Westminster  52
F. Expense and Revenue Statement, Essondale  54
G. Expense and Revenue Statement, Saanich  56
Revenue, Table of, since Inception  5g
Report, Financial—Tailor's Department   59 V 6
TABLE OF CONTENTS.
Report,   Financial—Shoemaker's   Department.— 	
Production Tables—
Articles made by Female Patients, Public Hospital for Insane-
Mending done by Female Patients for New Westminster	
Work done by Male Patients at New Westminster..,	
Supplies produced at New Westminster	
Supplies produced at Colquitz	
Occupational Therapy—
Wood-working Department	
Upholstering  Department..
Page.
_ 61
  62
  62
  62
  62
  63
  64
  64
  64
Annual Report of Occupational Therapy, Essondale, for Year ended March 31st, 1938 65
Weaving and Basketry Department..
PART III.—COLONY FARM.
Report—Farm Superintendent	
Report—Financial,  General—Bursar..
Balance-sheet	
Profit and Loss Account	
Dairy and Herds Department—
Profit and Loss Account	
Production and Costs Account..
Milk Production and Cost	
Mature Cow Department—Profit and Loss Account..
Calves Department—Profit and Loss Account	
Yearling Department—Profit and Loss Account	
Bull Department—Profit and Loss Account	
Work-horse Department—■
Sales and Deaths Account 	
Horse-labour Account 	
Horse-labour performed	
Hog Department—Profit and Loss Account ..
Cannery—Profit and Loss Account	
Truck-garden and Orchard—Profit and Loss Account.
Crop Department—Profit and Loss Account, etc	
Tractor Account	
Truck Account	
Maintenance and Administration, General	
Miscellaneous Statements, Inventories, etc.—
Produce supplied to Essondale	
Produce supplied to New Westminster	
Accounts receivable	
Equipment	
Orchard and Small Fruits..
66
67
68
69
70
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70
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80 DEPARTMENT OF PROVINCIAL SECRETARY.
Hon. George M. Weir, Provincial Secretary. P. Walker, Deputy Provincial Secretary.
A. L. Crease, M.D., CM., General Superintendent and Provincial Psychiatrist.
E. J. Ryan, M.D., CM., Medical Superintendent.
G. S. Macgowan, Bursar.
Medical:
A. M. Gee, M.D., CM., L.M.C.C.
U. P. Byrne, M.B., L.M.C.C.
J. M. Jackson, M.D., L.M.C.C.
E. A. Campbell, M.D., L.M.C.C.
A. E. Davidson, B.A., M.D., L.M.C.C
T. G. Caunt, M.D., L.M.C.C.
G. Kirkpatrick, M.D., L.M.C.C.
J. W. Vosburgh, L.M.C.C.
A. J. Warren, L.M.C.C.
G. R. F. Elliot, M.D., CM., L.M.C.C.
L. G. C. d'EASUM, M.B., L.M.C.C.
Milton Jones, D.D.S.
N. W. Cunningham, Chief Attendant.
Miss M. Walters, R.N., Supt. of Nurses.
Miss M. Parsons, R.N., Instructress of Nurses.
Miss J. Kilburn, R.N., Social Service.
Mrs. I. H. Wedge, Clinical Clerk.
OFFICERS AND STAFF, ESSONDALE.
Business:
Thos. Weeks, Assistant Bursar.
J. Pumphrey, Steward.
F. A. Matheson, Book-keeper.
J. F. Anderson, Book-keeper and Farm
Records.
Miss M. E. Latham, Stenographer.
Chaplains:
Rev. E. W. P. Carter, Protestant.
Rev. Father S. T. Finnegan, Roman
Catholic.
Trades, Essondale:
J. L. Malcolm, Chief Engineer.
J. Renton, Outside Overseer.
W. G. Armour, Baker.
H. Lonsdale, Foreman of Works.
W. McKenzie, Mason.
A. Cooter, Chief Cook.
W. Worrall, Laundryman.
P. J. Murphy, Electrician.
J. Symington, Plumber.
A. L. Blair, Barber.
B. T. Brown, Auto Mechanic.
R. T. Hall, Occupational Therapy.
OFFICERS AND STAFF, NEW WESTMINSTER.
Medical: Business:
L. E. Sauriol, M.D., CM., L.M.C.C, Medical Thos. Cambridge, Assistant Bursar.
Supervisor. J. F. O'Reilly, Steward.
C. E. Benwell, M.B., L.M.C.C.
B. H. 0. Harry, M.D., CM., L.M.C.C.
Miss M. Fillmore, Matron. Chaplains:
Charles Monteith, Chief Attendant. Rev. J. L. Sloat, Protestant.
F. Gillard, Clinical Clerk and Stenographer. Rev. Father T. P. Murphy, Roman Catholic.
Trades, New Westminster:
R. Gow, Carpenter. Ben Jones, Laundryman.
C Stapleton, Gardener. J. McMillan, Shoemaker.
E. J. McIntyre, Chief Engineer. Wm. Powell, Painter.
H. Bailey, Farmer. W. W. Galloway, Tailor.
C M. Doyle, Plumber.
COLONY FARM.
P. H. Moore, B.A., B.S.A., Superintendent.
OFFICERS AND STAFF, COLQUITZ.
Geo. Hall, M.D., CM., Visiting Physician.
F. M. Spooner, Supervisor. P. McLeod, Chief Attendant.  $\
entrance male chronic building, essondale.
admission block, essondale.  REPORT OF THE MEDICAL SUPERINTENDENT.
For the Twelve Months ended March 31st, 1938.
PART I.—MEDICAL.
The Honourable the Provincial Secretary,
Parliament Buildings, Victoria,
Provincial Mental Hospital,
Essondale, B.C., April 1st, 1938.
B.C.
Sir,—I have the honour to submit herewith for your consideration the Sixty-sixth Annual
Report of the Provincial Mental Hospitals at Essondale, New Westminster, and Saanich.
The following table is a brief summary of the movements of the Hospital population
during the year April 1st, 1937, to March 31st, 1938:—
Movement of Population.
Male.
Female.
Total.
2,119
63
482
1,182
57
352
3,301
120
834
2,664
1,591
4,255
Discharged in full during year  _ _	
236
73
123
168
84
84
404
157
207
432
336
1
768
Tn residence, March 31st, 1938   .      .                   	
2,332
1,255
3,487
(1.)  Increase in number of admissions this year as c
(2.)   Net increase in population in residence at end (
(3.)  Rate of deaths to total treated (per cent.)	
ompared tc
)f year	
last	
51
186
4.
67.:
.6
(4.)   Rate of discharges to admissions (exclusive of d(
ADMISSIONS.
:aths)   (pel
cent.)
26
An analysis of the birth column shows that, of the number admitted, 401 (or 48.08 per
cent.) were Canadian born; 224 (or 26.85 per cent.) were born in other parts of the British
Empire;   199  (or 23.86 per cent.)  were of foreign extraction, and 10 were unknown.
A few years ago the nationalities of those admitted—namely, Canadian, British, and
foreign—ran 33Ms each. This percentage has gradually changed until now it runs: Canadians,
increased 15 per cent.;   British, decreased 4 per cent.;   and foreign, decreased 11 per cent.
DISCHARGES.
The following table clearly shows that the earlier cases are brought in for treatment the
far better opportunity there is for improvement and recovery than if committal is delayed.
Table showing the Alleged Duration of Insanity, prior to Admission,
in those discharged from the three institutions during
the Year April 1st, 1937, to March 31st, 1938.
Less than six months  231
Over six months     72
Not insane 	
Unknown   101
Total
404 V 10 MENTAL HOSPITALS REPORT, 1937-38.
During the past fiscal year 404 patients were discharged in full. Of this number, 74
were discharged as recovered, 269 as improved, and 61 as unimproved. Included in these
discharges, 8 were deported to their native countries.
TREATMENT.
The admitting wards have been taxed to a still greater extent this year than ever before.
There were 834 patients admitted, an increase of 51 over that of last year. There is no building for the admittance of females, so they are admitted to the building for males and domiciled
in a separate ward. This gives a smaller number of beds for this service than would otherwise be the case. Those admitted, then, are passing through the intensive-treatment wards
all too quickly. The general overcrowding of the Hospital is interfering not only with the
treatment but with the proper classification as well.
The method of insulin shock treatment for cases of dementia prsecox was introduced by
Dr. Manfred Sakel, of Vienna. It was tried on theoretical grounds at first, but, as the
physiology is studied, it is found that an anoxemia of the brain is produced by this means.
As this form of mental disease constitutes the bulk of mental hospital cases, this treatment
is being used more and more in Mental Hospitals. Your custom of sending the doctors away
for postgraduate study has enabled this Hospital to embark on this treatment. There is a
special ward set aside for this purpose in which twenty patients are given the insulin shock
treatment and, on completion of their treatment, twenty more take their places. So far, the
results are encouraging, although it is too soon to talk more definitely. It is indeed an active
section and somewhat spectacular. Drs. Gee and Davidson commenced the treatment, and
now that it has increased, Dr. Jackson is on this work full time.
It was noted throughout the years that those cases of dementia prsecox developing
seizures improved, so Dr. Von Meduna, of Budapest, used camphor to produce seizures in
dementia praacox and, later, turned to a heart stimulant called metrazol. He found this
treatment was quite promising in its results. Dr. Elliot commenced this form of treatment
here. The number of cases under treatment has increased, so that it is now being carried
out in each of the buildings. It has been found that the results in treatment by insulin
shock and metrazol are hopeful in cases having the disease six months or less, and the results
in long-standing cases is not appreciable. However, in both forms of treatments we are
taking the cases as they come.
During the year, the X-ray work has practically doubled. Plates are being taken in a
more routine way, both of patients and staff, as a diagnostic aid and record. This work has
been ably performed by Dr. Gee, assisted by Dr. Vosburgh.
In a Mental Institution, there are about 5 per cent, tubercular persons. A survey is now
being conducted by the Provincial Tubercular Division, and much work has been done to
date.    It is being accomplished more with the idea in mind of the segregation of these patients.
Dr. Byrne, who has charge of the laboratory, has gone to the University of Toronto to
take his D.P.H. degree. Diagnosis and treatment go hand in hand, and it is planned to
increase these facilities here. The general health also of the large village is thus protected.
More and more clinical-work is being carried on. Later, problems of research must be
attempted. During his absence, Dr. Byrne's duties are being well carried on by Dr. Kirk-
patrick.
Since the advent of the malarial treatment of lues of the nervous system, introduced by
Jauregg, a much better outlook for those suffering from this disease is now possible. Dr.
Warren has carried out the treatment for lues here in a very thorough manner. It is now
the custom to use not only the malarial treatment but also that of tryparsamide and bismuth
as well. As the newer applications of these treatments are proven more beneficial, they are
being applied here. These treatments are growing in number and the administering of them
is quite a strenuous task.
Dr. Harry has successfully continued the work of the active eye, ear, nose, and throat
service.
It is most important to have an extensive and active occupational department. Occupation is a basic need of the normal; just so is it more of a basic need in the abnormal. To
carry this work to a really practical degree extra staff is needed, and each year it is found
increasingly difficult to expand for this reason. Much is already accomplished now, but
more and more should be done in a modern hospital. SUPERINTENDENT'S REPORT. V 11
ACTIVITIES.
The farm has continued its production. This is gradually increasing as the institutions
grow. Some idea of the amount of vegetables, milk, etc., can be pictured by studying the
Bursar's report for the year, together with that of the Farm Superintendent. The quality of
the produce of the Farm Cannery is very good and greatly appreciated by the Hospital. The
same policy continues with regard to maintaining the high quality and standard of the dairy
herd.
COMMENTS.
The time has come for the further provision of increased accommodation, as it is now
difficult to see where further beds can be squeezed in. It is now taught that there is more to
treatment of a psychosis than mere custodial care. Added to this, overcrowding is to be
avoided, as it is expensive and dangerous. This year there was an increase of 186 patients
in our population, which is 51 more than last year. The population of the Hospital is
decidedly on the upward trend. It has risen from 250 to 3,500 plus since the beginning of
the century. This is not that psychosis is on the increase but because people are beginning
to know that mental disease can be treated, and that diagnostic facilities have increased and
are proving accurate. The yearly increase makes it necessary to add further accommodation. In addition, the increase of 186 in our population means that $65,000 has to be added
to our maintenance costs. It also means that 186 more beds must be provided for them
to occupy. Not making provision for this yearly increase (which averages about 117) has
been the cause of our overcrowding.
It is, therefore, suggested that a site for a new Mental Institution should be erected in
the next largest centre of population, where the grounds can be gradually prepared for the
buildings. A new site should be chosen for a School for the Feeble-minded, and it also should
be made ready for future constructions. The Institution at New Westminster can be further
remodelled to form an active-treatment centre, where not only treatment and prevention
can be carried on, but it should be a centre for teaching the staff for all our hospital branches.
You handed over the buildings of the former Boys' Industrial School for the Home for
the Aged, in May, 1936. This has enabled us to bring together some of those patients who
are in the twilight of their lives. It is a very satisfactory unit, both from the point of view
of the patients as well as their relatives;
Your complete co-operation in the purchase of modern and necessary equipment has aided
us greatly.
You have also made more favourable terms for the care of the Returned Veterans, the
patients from the Yukon, cases from the Penitentiary, etc.
We congratulate you, Sir, on appointing Dr. Milton Jones as full-time dentist. He is
organizing a splendid dental service for the patients at Essondale. This service is just as
necessary as the medical service. You have had J and K Wards remodelled in a modern way.
You have given us a new Nurses' Home, which has enhanced our educational programme and
enables us to take nurses-in-training in the General Hospitals for psychiatric nursing. You
have sent the doctors away to refresh their knowledge at the large psychiatric centres. You
have granted again the cuts which the staff had in their salaries. You have restored the
sliding scale of salaries. You have also lessened the long hours of duty to an eight-hour-a-
day equivalent which is working out well. Some details in this connection are being further
studied. The Nursing School, in addition to giving our own employees a three-year course,
gives a six-months' course to graduate nurses, and it has now taken on the extra work of
giving the attendants the same course which the nurses receive which indeed fills a long-felt
want.
It is a good policy to maintain clinics to aid in the prevention of mental disease. It is
now felt that, in time, at least 30 per cent, of psychoses can be prevented. In this way not
only can much unhappiness be avoided, but also considerably financial outlay.
During the year we had several visitors at the Hospital; it is encouraging to see their
interest in Mental Hygiene, and we feel that knowledge of this work is spreading. V-12 MENTAL HOSPITALS REPORT, 1937-38.
ACKNOWLEDGMENTS.
Before closing, I wish to tender grateful thanks to all those who have aided in the work
of the Hospital. Mrs. Ellis, Convener of the Red Cross Visiting Committee, still continues
her unwearied efforts in providing entertainments for the benefit of our patients.
I also wish to mention the splendid co-operation we receive from the Provincial Police,
and their ready assistance is available at all times.
I wish to acknowledge with grateful thanks the loyal co-operation and support I have
received from the medical officers of the Hospital. I would especially mention Dr. E. J.
Ryan, the Medical Superintendent, who is always ready to aid and further the work of the
Hospital. I would also remember Mr. Macgowan, the Bursar; Dr. L. E. Sauriol, the Medical
Supervisor, New Westminster; and Mr. F. M. Spooner, Supervisor of Colquitz Mental
Home.
Finally, to you, Sir, and to the Deputy Minister, and the officers of the Public Works
Department, I wish to express my gratitude for your thoughtfulness and keen sympathy in
dealing with the various problems of the Mental Hospital. Your kindly consideration has
been much appreciated, and has certainly aided in smoothing out the many difficulties with
which we are faced, and has greatly assisted in the progress of the Hospital.
I have the honour to be,
Sir,
Your obedient servant,
A. L. CREASE,
General Superintendent.
LABORATORY REPORT.
Provincial Mental Hospital,
Essondale, B.C., March 31st, 1938.
E. J. Ryan, Esq., M.D.,
Medical Superintendent, Provincial Mental Hospitals, Essondale, B.C.
Sir,—Following is a report of the work performed in the Laboratory at Essondale from
April 1st, 1937, to March 31st, 1938:—
Blood—
Kahn, positive   60
Kahn, negative   735
Red-blood count and haemoglobin   204
White-blood count and differential   114
Schilling  1
Coagulation time   5
Groupings   29
Sedimentation time   12
N.P.N.    67
Urea nitrogen  9
Creatinine   3
Sugar fasting   133
Sugar curve   1
Plasma proteins   4
Widal   3
Serum calcium   4
Bromides   9
Spinal fluid—
Kahn, positive   30
Kahn, negative     43
Globulin   85 X-RAY REPORT. V 13
Spinal fluid—Continued.
Cell-count   16
Colloidal gold  .'.  30
Sugar ; ..  1
Protein   1
Urine—
Routine general   3,465
Quantitative albumen  76
Quantitative sugar   2
Two-hourly  4
P.S.P.  2
Ascheim Zondek 1.....1. Z .._  13
Smears—
Eye   10
Nose, throat   12
Urethral  8
Cervical   20
Vincent's angina   7
Malaria    24
Miscellaneous  99
Sputa for tuberculosis   101
Animal inoculation   11
Gastric analysis     5
Fasces examination  3
Basal metabolism    39
Autopsies  71
Biopsies   6
Sections    318
Cultures   - 169
Milk  4
Water   6
Glucose tolerance   1
Glucose ferm. test   1
B.C. Police cases   6
Miscellaneous tests for Colony Farm   5
I have, etc.,
Gordon M. Kirkpatrick,
Pathologist.
X-RAY REPORT.
Provincial Mental Hospital,
Essondale, B.C., March 31st, 1938.
E. J. Ryan, Esq., M.D.
Medical Superintendent, Provincial Mental Hospitals, Essondale, B.C.
Sir,—The following is a report of the work performed in the X-ray Department of the
Hospital from April 1st, 1937, to March 31st, 1938:—
Extremities                                            	
      220
Head
         78
Sinuses                                                    ..   .
       30
Chest                                      	
 .      830
       18
       32
        18
Carried forward	
  1,226 V 14 MENTAL HOSPITALS REPORT, 1937-38.
Brought forward .  1,226
Shoulder       15
Teeth       19
Total exposures   1,260
I have, etc.,
Arthur M. Gee,
Physician and Roentgenologist.
OCULIST'S REPORT.
E. J. Ryan, Esq., M.D.,
Medical Superintendent, Provincial Mental Hospitals, Essondale, B.C.
SiR,-^The following is a report of the ocular practice as rendered to the Hospitals for
the year ended March 31st, 1938:—
Refractions   54
Refractions under cycloplegia   15
Eye-grounds  22
Perimeter   5
Corneal ulcers   1
Keratitis   1
Conjunctivitis  9
Blepharitis   2
Fractured cornea   1
Cyclitis   3
Foreign bodies    3
Examination for tryparsamide therapy   6
Examinations made   122
I have, etc.,
Benj. H. Harry, M.D.,
Oculist.
PHYSIOTHERAPY REPORT.
Provincial Mental Hospital,
Essondale, B.C., March 31st, 1938.
E. J. Ryan, Esq., M.D.,
Medical Superintendent, Provincial Mental Hospitals, Essondale, B.C.
Sir,—Following is a report of the treatments given in the Physiotherapy Department at
Essondale from April 1st, 1937, to March 31st, 1938:— Number of Treatments.
Infra-red lamp  .      690
Diathermy       103
Electric-light cabinet ..... _      790
Continuous-flow bath  1,289
Foam bath       305
Sitz bath  :      193
Tub bath     419
Carried forward  3,789 DENTAL REPORT. V 15
Number of Treatments.
Brought forward .  3,789
Ultra-violet light   . . .     565
Needle-sprays, rain douche, etc. .  1,286
Massage, active and passive movements      694
Alcohol rub .   . .......     127
Chiropody         31
Inductotherm  . ,        21
Cold-wet packs .      61
Total number of treatments .... ..  6,574
Total number of patients treated  .  2,920
I have, etc.,
Gordon M. Kirkpatrick,
Physician.
DENTAL REPORT.
Dr. E. J. Ryan, Esq., M.D.,
Medical Superintendent, Provincial Mental Hospitals, Essondale, B.C.
Sir,—Following is the report of dental services rendered at the Provincial Mental
Hospital, Essondale, and the Public Hospital for the Insane, New Westminster, during the
year ended March 31st, 1938:—
Provincial Mental Hospital, Essondale.
Number of patients examined   535
280 patients had hopelessly diseased teeth extracted   754
Local anaesthetics used to reduce pain in operating   558
General anaesthetics        4
Amalgam fillings inserted ._  404
Cement fillings inserted   145
Porcelain enamel fillings inserted     96
Patients treated for pyorrhoea         47
Making and inserting dentures      39
Repairing dentures     71
Public Hospital for the Insane, New Westminster.
Number of patients examined   348
84 patients had hopelessly diseased teeth extracted  115
Local anaesthetics used to reduce pain in operating     82
General anaesthetics        2
Amalgam fillings inserted      54
Cement fillings inserted      15
Porcelain enamel fillings inserted      10
Patients treated for pyorrhoea     28
Repairing dentures       8
Special emergent calls .       8
The considerable increase in dental services rendered was made possible by the appointment of Dr. Milton Jones to the staff at Essondale, on October 1st, 1937.
Respectfully submitted.
Milton Jones, D.D.S.
Emery Jones, D.D.S. V 16 MENTAL HOSPITALS REPORT, 1937-38.
TRAINING-SCHOOL REPORT.
In the nursing division of the Essondale Mental Hospital the following personnel was
listed for the fiscal year ended March 31st, 1938:—
Total staff, 171, consisting of 37 registered nurses, 38 mental graduates, 75 student-
nurses, and 21 male attendants. Through the University of British Columbia, 28 Public
Health Nurses and 2 taking the course in supervision and teaching were assigned for one
week's time each.
Number of student-nurses admitted during the year, 41; number of graduate nurses,
15;   and 5 male attendants.
Resignations for the year were as follows: 20 students, 12 mental graduates, 8 registered
nurses, and 1 male attendant. Of these, 19 resigned to be married, 8 for a change of
occupation, 12 due to termination of vacation relief, 1 due to ill-health, and 1 was unsatisfactory in the training-school. Vacancies created have been filled by promotion of promising
personnel and by new appointments.
A much-needed Nurses' Home was completed this year, allowing accommodation for
68 nurses and making it possible for affiliation with students from general hospitals. A
teaching programme has been organized for October 1st, 1938; ten affiliate students will be
taken every two months for this course.
The work of the school has progressed during the year, six male students having been
accepted for the three-year course of training in psychiatric nursing. We hope that in the
future we will be able to have larger groups in this class.
Our greatest problem is one common to all hospitals: maintaining a school of nursing
as a department of the Hospital, dependent on student-nurses for a large portion of the
nursing care of patients. The students carry heavy class schedules and the problem of staffing the wards, planning classes, and allowing a reasonable amount of time for recreation
implies no small amount of close co-operation on the part of the teachers and graduate nurse
personnel. We are greatly indebted to the medical and nursing staff for giving so freely of
their time and counsel.
This year fourteen nurses received diplomas for a three-year course in psychiatric
nursing, and eleven registered nurses completed the six months' postgraduate course.
Mary Walters, R.N.,
Superintendent of Nurses.
SOCIAL SERVICE REPORT.
PROVINCIAL MENTAL HOSPITAL, ESSONDALE.
«
In the past year a continued effort has been made to visit all new admissions, and to do
adequate follow-up work with the recovered or improved patient who has returned to the
community. In this way the social case-workers enable the patient to absorb, and to benefit
by, the prescribed help given by the psychiatrist.
The main function of the psychiatric case-worker in this department is to promote better
mental health within the family group, and it is, therefore, necessary that the workers carry
a limited therapy case load, and do qualitative rather than quantitative work.
The educational benefit of the home visiting can be seen in the change in certain fixed
attitudes of patients' relatives toward the whole subject of mental disease. Once this co-operation has been secured the patient's readjustment in the community has become very much
easier and, in this way, the laity at large is able to understand the implication of psychiatric
treatment.
With the more intensive work of the treatment programme within the Hospital there is
the requisite of more intensive follow-up work, or home therapy, in order to evaluate the
efficiency of the remedial measures. This has increased the therapy visits and also the
initial visits. The social history is an important adjunct in guidance for both the diagnosis
and the treatment in mental cases. Unless the Social Worker has had training in psychiatry,
she finds it most difficult to obtain the pertinent information required by the psychiatrists, or SOCIAL SERVICE REPORT. V 17
to continue the therapy already established by the Hospital in preparation for the patient's
discharge, thus losing valuable time of both the patient and psychiatrist. A financial loss,
also, is involved to the Province. For these reasons, constant changes and the taking-on of
undertrained personnel are expensive procedures.
Unfortunately, during the past year, the Hospital work suffered from staff changes due
to illness, sick leave, and the resignation of one of its members. The latter position was not
filled for six months, due to the lack of trained psychiatric social workers, which was very
disrupting to the work.
In July, Mr. Watson, M.A., came on the staff as a psychologist, doing this work for both
the Hospital and the Child Guidance Clinic. This appointment has greatly improved the
status of the department. Mr. Watson has come with an excellent background, having
obtained his Master's Degree at the University of British Columbia and with a very keen
desire to progress with the demands of his work.
Miss Isabel Rutter, B.A., joined the staff in September. She also was a recent graduate
of the Social Science course at the University of British Columbia, and did field-work during
the course with this branch. She has been taken on with the understanding that she will take
further training in Psychiatry at her own expense during the summer months.
Miss Maude Fleming was appointed March 1st to fill the position made vacant in September by the resignation of Miss Robertson. Miss Fleming obtained her training at the
University of Toronto, and brings a fund of experience from her work in the Y.W.C.A. field.
She expects to take special training in Psychiatry when we are able to release her to do so.
During the year the work has extended in the educational field, more lectures being given
by this division at the University and to our own nursing staff. Practical field-work has been
concentrated on with the students. There were more members of the staff active on community committees.
The individual workers, with the exception of the Supervisor, were able to spend more
of their time at the Hospital and become better acquainted with the actual patient on the
ward. Regular staff meetings are held with the Medical Superintendent of the Hospital so
that he is able to assist in the direction of this department and be conversant with the social
implications of all the cases.
With the development of the progressive programme of the Provincial Field Service, we
have been able to utilize its members in obtaining some initial interviews, and some routine
investigations with regard to patients from the outlying areas. This contact is accomplished
by correspondence, and we avail ourselves of the opportunity of personal supervision of their
work. At this stage the part we play is definitely one of guidance and education, and the
time of one Psychiatric Social Worker is thus taken up one full day a week.
The following is a record compiled from the daily work-sheets. Unfortunately, the
many odd time-consuming pieces of work do not show to advantage, and a true picture can
only be obtained by contact with the Worker on her daily rounds of activity.
Total number of individual cases referred  310
Total number of therapy visits—125, 100, 40, 20  285
Total number of cases referred to Welfare Field Service  123
Total number of probation visits  88
Total number of letters written re patients to other workers  570
Total number of conferences with other agencies re hospital cases  178
Total number of psychometrics on hospital cases done by social workers 25
Total number of ward visits „ ...  251
Total number of lectures to nurses at University of British Columbia    8
Total number of lectures to staff undergraduates     9
Total number of lectures to postgraduates  11
— 28
Total number of records of other agencies read  135
Total number of meetings attended  53 V 18 MENTAL HOSPITALS REPORT, 1937-38.
REPORT OF PSYCHOLOGIST.
Psychometric tests (Binet)
Bernreuters on patients	
Supplementary work done for Nurses' Training-school at the Provincial Mental Hospital
by the Psychologist:—
1. The administration and scoring of the following:—
41 Army Alpha Intelligence Tests
41 Bernreuter Personality Inventories
35 Strongs Vocational Interest Blanks for Women
2. One lecture given to nurses.
3. Psychometric test at Public Hospital for Insane—
Binet       82
Portious maze       4
CHILD GUIDANCE CLINIC.
Throughout the year a special effort has been made to have the clinic fulfill its role more
as a preventive treatment centre. In the fall of 1937, a meeting was held of all social
agencies using the clinic and, at this time, the service of the Child Guidance Clinic was
stressed as that of treatment rather than a diagnostic centre. Following this, there was a
better understanding generally. From our statistics we are interested to find more return
visits made than formerly. Many of these cases were treated as new ones and a complete
examination was done, particularly on those not visiting the clinic for over six months.
There has been a more careful day-by-day record kept of all activities of the clinic, but
even this does not show the many consultations that take place with the Clinical Director
on cases under treatment with the different social agencies. A great many conferences
occur when the Worker of the referring agency is in the office to discuss a particular case
which has a similarity to the one already under her study. At other times, parents discuss
with those in charge other members of the family. This routine is considered a part of
educating the public in real mental health consciousness. It is time-consuming and a long,
slow process, but eminently worth while.
During the past year more members of the medical profession have availed themselves
of the service. The parent-teachers' association has been more active in its general interest.
The students taking courses in Social Science at the University have asked to sit in on a
day's clinic, and the teachers in the various schools have come after school-hours to discuss
the problems they meet and to offer their assistance with specific cases studied by the clinic.
The remedial tutoring has been calling forth interest from groups of parent-teacher
associations, school-teachers, nurses, and parents. The hours allotted to both the reading
disability and to the speech training groups are always at a premium, and there is a waiting
list of children ready for any vacancy. It is interesting to note that, although both these
groups have their tuition out of their regular school-hours, the attendance has always been
prompt and regular.
Since the appointment of a Psychologist to the clinic, the Psychiatric Social Worker has
had more time for observation of the child in the play-room, where very valuable information
can always be gained. More time is available for a hesitant parent to consult with the clinical
Worker, and also to talk over the plan of treatment suggested by the Psychiatrist, as this
worker always accompanies the parent during the psychiatric consultation. It often happens
that a parent cannot assimilate all she has been told, and will return at a later date to discuss
some point which has worried her. This latter point calls for good record-keeping and,
while this entails a great amount of time, it is a very necessary adjunct to the work.
The clinic is now going very nearly full time, particularly since the advent of the
examination of the applicants for the new Borstal system. The Psychologist can give a
more complete examination, and many more tests in this field can be applied to all clients,
but particularly, where evaluation of specific aptitudes is required.
During the last year, personality examinations were given through the clinic to a group
of University students. These studies were shown to be of value, and have opened the way
to more complete studies in the future. SOCIAL SERVICE REPORT.
V 19
During the year, twenty groups were addressed by the Psychiatric Social Worker on
the preventive work done by the Provincial Department of Mental Health.
There were three outside emergency clinics held other than the regular clinics in Victoria,
Nanaimo, Courtenay, and Chilliwack. Patients from the Fraser Valley are more often seen
in Vancouver as the parents find the transportation less difficult.
There has been splendid co-operation received from the different agencies sponsoring
group activities, such as the Young Women's and the Young Men's Christian Associations,
the Boy Scouts, the Girl Guides, and Summer Camps, as well as all other social agencies using
the Child Guidance Clinic. The Provincial Recreational Centres have also helped with the
adolescent and adult clients.
This report should not be closed without mention being made of the help received from
the different hospitals in giving remedial physical treatments. They have always been ready
to give prompt and willing assistance whenever requested. To reciprocate with the General
Hospital, who have been giving the major remedial physical treatment, the clinical service
has been assisting them with their psychological examinations as well as on consultation
services.
An analysis of some two hundred cases seen at the clinic showed the major contributing
causes to be overcrowded housing, lack of adequate playground and recreational facilities.
The unemployment of the father appeared as a serious cause of emotional difficulties with the
younger children, producing dual censorship by the parents and overprotection. The children
also felt the lack of security reflected by the whole home atmosphere.
There is, at the present time, a survey in progress of all cases seen at the Vancouver
clinic since its inauguration in 1932. This survey should reveal some most interesting facts
and should be a particularly good guide for further progress.    Unfortunately, research is a
luxury and cannot be carried on with a skeleton staff such as we have at the present time.
#
Statistics—Child Guidance Clinic.
Clinics.
Vancouver.
Victoria.
Nanaimo (including Courtenay in
brackets).
Chilliwack.
Total.
129
393
197
141
449
271
319
446
85
881
19
67
23
22
68
42
48
71
8
37
10   (1)
40   (6)
12   (2)
9   (1)
43   (7)
21   (4)
31   (4)
43   (6)
2   (fl)
7   (0)
4
19
1
2
18
10
10
18
2
2
162
New cases .*. _	
519
233
174
578
Females (new and repeat cases) 	
344
408
578
Conferences   	
97
927
Psychometrics done at V.G.H 	
St. Christopher's School, psychometrics..
Borstal Unit, complete examinations	
Grand total—
Number of new cases seen. 	
Number of repeat cases seen. _
5
16
32
572
Total number of cases seen.. V 20
MENTAL HOSPITALS REPORT, 1937-38.
Spread of
Intelligence.
Classification.
Vancouver
Clinic.
Victoria
Clinic.
Nanaimo
Clinic.
Chilliwack.
Borstal.
St. Christopher's
School.
Outside
V.G.H.
1
17
102
92
104
85
18
5
20
4
15
11
13
17
2
2
7
1
1
10
8
10
2
4
1
1
4
1
4
4
1
2
1
8
10
3
10
1
2
11
2
1
Superior—	
....
1
1
2
Imbecile 	
Idiot 	
1
444
71
43
18
32
16                   5
 ... 62S
not repeated)   	
......  131
       IS
     32
Grand total 	
  805
Josephine F..Kilburn, R.N.,
Supervisor, Psychiatric Social Service. NEW VETERANS' BLOCK, ESSONDALE.
.ll^ftSi.-.,:
' ('.~':W':
OKrlttft.w'y
%
RECEPTION-ROOM, VETERANS' BLOCK.  STATISTICAL TABLES.
V 21
STATISTICAL TABLES.
Table No. 1.—Showing the Operations of the Hospitals, Essondale, New Westminster,
and Saanich, from April 1st, 1937, to March 31st, 1938.
Male.
Female.
Total.
Total.
Movement of Population.
Male.
Female.
Total,
1,538
322
259
62
1
981
201
2,519
523
259
118
2
2,182
■   482
1,239
352
On probation, carried forward from 1936—37, Essondale	
On probation, carried forward from 1936-37,  New West-
56
1
3,421
Admitted during the year 1937-38—
436
8
24
2
12
345
1
6
781
9
30
2
12
834
Total under treatment, Essondale, New Westminster, and
Saanich, April 1st, 1937, to March 31st, 1938	
Discharged during period, April 1st,  1937, to March 31st,
1938—
(a.)   From Essondale—
As recovered  	
2,664
432
1,591
336
4,255
28
163
38
46
104
14
74
267
52
As   unimproved 	
On probation and still out.   	
70
2
97
82
1
76
152
3
173
Died              	
398
323
721
(6.)   From New Westminster—
As improved 	
As unimproved  —	
1
5
1
20
1
3
1
8
2
8
2
28
Died             	
27
13
40
(c.)   From Saanich—
As improved —	
1
6
	
1
6
7
7
Total discharged from  Essondale,  New Westminster,  and
768
Total   in   residence,   Essondale,   New   Westminster,   and
2,232
1,255
3,487 V 22
MENTAL HOSPITALS REPORT, 1937-38.
Table No. 1,—Showing the Operations of the Hospitals, Essondale, New Westminster,
and Saanich, from April 1st, 1937, to March 31st, 1938—Continued.
Male.
Female.
Total.
Total.
Movement of Population.
Male.
Female.
Total.
Essondale—
Total on books, March 31st, 1937 —	
Admissions during 1937-38	
1,600
482
1,037
352
2,637
834
2,082
438
1,389
383
3,471
398
30
10
323
60
721
90
10
821
1,644
1,006
2,650
323
30
202
60
525
90
New Westminster—
353
27
262
13
Received from  Essondale    -	
615
27
13
40
40
326
249
575
259
10
259
10
Saanich—
269
7
—-
269
7
Discharged  during   1937-38 	
262
262
1,644
326
262
1,006
249
2,650
575
262
Total in residence, Essondale, March 31st, 1938.	
Total in residence. New Westminster, March 31st,  1938	
2,232
1,255
Grand total in residence, Essondale, New Westminster, and
Saanich, March 31st, 1938                  	
3,487
Daily  average population-
Percentage of discharges on admissions  (not including deaths)..
Percentage of recoveries on admissions 	
Percentage of deaths on whole number under treatment..
3,396.10
67.3
8.87
4.86 •
STATISTICAL TABLES.
•
V   23
Table No. 2.—Showing in Summary Form the Operations of the
Hospital since
its Inception.
Year.
(fl
A
.2
"to
tn
1
<
Discharges.
to
.0
53
cd
qj
a
c
m
,   —■  CO
J2  Qji*
§*> o
it*i ea
oi
CO
OS
OJ
fa
u
a
V
ca
3
fa
o
V
Q
fa
CJ
S
p
oj'S
ft.   QJ
■fa -.
CJ o c
fa cj B
0J  OJ'O
2 J
■S.o-g
.H  CJ  tfi  O
CJ
cj*; g rt
fa rt H qj
V <u£ fa
0)
c
>
o
CJ
s
p.
T3
0)
V
>
-P o
o o
12
1872	
18
15
12
29
22
14
16
18
17
13
7
8
10
20
27
36
26
41
52
49
52
44
80
62
64
74
81
101
113
115
121
139
115
123
150
221
230
232
280
332
375
380
402
332
353
371
375
574
489
478
438
447
461
475
494
542
543
602
632
562
635
610
653
679
783
834
1
10
4
3
11
4
7
4
6
5
3
4
2
5
10
15
12
14
17
19
17
14
13
29
23
20
27
31
38
40
30
38
46
43
36*
48
68*
73t
84
67}
74*
90§
58
83
73t
88
75
116
88
96
91
84f
63
571!
76§
75*
92t
118*
70*
58fl
44§
61t
71*
63*
78t
2
3
3
4
3
1
3
1
1
4
6
5
6
5
6
4
10
18
19
11
25
8
13
32
27
20
31
37
26
33
43
43
56
77
82
114
128
146
126
91
96
78
95
221
173
178
167
121
242
240
171
252
294
311
235
299
323
309
349
304
300
i
5
3
10
5
3
8
8
5
5
2
3
2
5
6
5
3
4
12
20
13
14
19
20
9
14
19
21
29
25
25
26
26
27
28
39
57
40
41
60
76
67
74
89
80
106
132
132
122
114
133
163
138
142
161
147
181
223
191
181
195
200
221
291
268
207
16
__
2
18
31
26
48
54
49
54
54
58
61
55
K7
5.55
66.66
33.33
10.34
50.00
28.57
43.75
22.22
29.41
38.46
42.85
50.00
20.00
25.00
37.03
41.66
46.15
34.15
32.69
38.77
32.69
31.81
16.25
46.77
35.93
27.03
33.33
30.69
33.63
34.78
24.79
27.34
40.00
33.33
23.03
21.30
28.30
31.00
30.00
19.57
18.90
22.63
14.43
25.00
20.68
23.72
20.00
20.20
14.17
20.08
20.77
18.56
13.66
12.00
15.38
13.28
16.76
19.10
10.60
10.32
6.92
10.00
10.87
9.27
9.96
8.87
5.55
80.00
33.33
26.89
63.63
78.57
62.50
27.77
29.41
61.54
57.14
62.50
60.00
25.00
59.25
55.55
69.23
46.34
44.23
46.94
51.92
72.72
40.00
64.51
75.00
37.83
49.38
62.37
57.52
52.17
50.41
53.96
62.61
61.78
52.06
41.20
53.90
64.60
59.28
54.42
53.80
62.10
45.77
52.41
47.87
44.74
45.33
58.71
72.60
57.32
59.36
64.20
66.16
62.53
50.00
60.33
71.07
71.26
64.24
63.52
58.42
60.65
64.32
54.05
63.6
67.3
5.55
16.12
11.53
20.83
9.36
6.12
16.16
14.81
8.62
8.19
3.63
5.26
3.33
6.94
6.81
4.80
2.87
3.25
7.64
11.69
6.95
7.60
S.92
8.92
3.94
5.69
6.66
6.42
8.14
6.63
6.06
5.57
5.42
5.34
5.04
5.08
7.44
6.40
4.67
5.83
7.02
5.30
5.43
6.19
5.24
6.42
7.47
6.51
5.97
5.33
6.10
7.25
5.93
5.83
6.27
5.36
6.21
7.28
6.06
5.63
6.75
5.66
5.94
7.58
6.59
4.86
1873 	
14    1     	
19    1         5
32   1      13
aK   I       a
1874	
1R7K
1876
1877   	
38
36
41
48
48
49
49
51
3
5
7
1
9.
1878  	
1879 _	
1RR0
1881    	
1882     	
1883
1884
1            59
1885           	
61   1      10
66    1          5
2
71
88
102
103
123
152
166
175
179
218
1886
1887 -	
'    77
82
100
117
123
135
133
162
164
171
203
221
234
258
284
311
349
321
348
388
461
507
536
595
690
752
919
1,027
1,090
1,205
1,301
1,347
1,458
1,566
1,649
1,697
1,784
1,884
1,995
2,125
2,269
2,347
2,411
2,550
2,676
2,824
2,960
3,080
3,180
3,301
3,487
11
5
18
17
6
12
29
2
7
32
18
13
24
26
27
38
27
43
73
46
29
48
105
62
167
108
63
115
96
46
111
108
83
48
87
100
111
130
144
78
64
139
126
148
136
120
100
121
186
1888  	
1889        _      -   	
1890. 	
1891 	
1892	
1893 "  	
1894                        	
1895                                        - .
1       224
1       228
1        246
1         9.XR
1896              	
1897                 .    	
1898          	
1899  	
1900                    —
28
327
356
377
413
466
480
505
552
666
765
816
896
1,034
1,065
1,264
1,364
1,437
1,627
1,650
1,753
2,025
2,043
2,137
2,180
2,234
2,327
2,434
2,565
2,743
2,914
3,063
3,148
3,214
3,390
3,530
3.721
1901...... -	
1902                    .                 	
1903           _	
1904            	
1905.	
1906                . -                -
1907                     .          	
1908                	
1909         	
1910                             . .
1911 .....
1912 	
1913          	
1914  	
1915    .
1916.  	
1917
1918  	
Jan. 1, 1919, to March 31,1920
1920-1921	
1921-1922 -
1922-1923 	
1923-1924   	
1924-1925 	
1925-1926- 	
1926 1927         .            -
1927-1928	
1928-1929	
1929 1930                           	
1930-1931 — -—
.             1931-1932 	
1932-1933   - -  	
1933 1934            ~               	
1934 1935                   	
1935-1936 	
1936-1937            -
3,838
4.067
4,255
1937 1938          	
74   !   330
1
* Three not insane.
|| Six not insane.            11 3
t One not insane.           t Two not insane.           § Four not in
"'ive not insane.
.ane. V 24
MENTAL HOSPITALS REPORT, 1937-38.
Table No. 3.—Showing the Total Number of Admissions, Discharges, and Deaths
from April 1st, 1937, to March 31st, 1938.
Months.
Admissions.
Male.      Female.      Total
Discharges.
Male.      Female.       Total
Deaths.
Male.      Female.       Total
April-
May....
June-
July....
August	
September-
October	
November-
December	
1938.
January....
February-
March	
46
46
46
37
36
32
42
37
38
40
46
30
39
29
36
36
28
24
30
20
25
30
25
76
85
75
73
72
60
66
67
56
63
70
71
26
14
17
12
16
18
19
23
17
27
20
27
13
14
13
14
23
16
20
19
Totals..
482
352
834
236
!
168
34
27
31
20
28
26
32
37
40
43
40
46
14
12
10
11
7
15
10
11
12
11
6
10
404
123
84
22
23
16
21
13
21
15
18
20
13
12
13
Table No. 4.—Showing the Civil State of Patients admitted from April 1st, 1937,
to March 31st, 1938.
Civil State.
Male.
Female.
Total.
144
277
4
35
18
4
171
119
3
53
6
315
396
7
88
24
4
Totals	
482
352
834
Table No. 5.—Showing Religious Denominations of Patients admitted from
April 1st, 1937, to March 31st, 1938.
Religious Denominations.
Male.
Female.
Total.
Atheist-
Buddhist	
Christian Science..
Confucianism	
Doukhobor	
Greek Catholic-
Hebrew	
Hindu 	
Lutheran....
Mennonite-
Mohammedan..
Pentecostal	
Plymouth Brethren..
Protestant	
Quaker 	
4
8
5
7
2
2
35
1
1
7
2
295
27
1
6
3
243
8
5
11
4
2
62
2
1
13
5
538
Roman Catholic-
Salvation Army-
Shinto ism	
Seventh-day Adventist..
Unknown. — _	
103
2
1
1
Totals..
482
56
2
352
159
4
1
3
834 STATISTICAL TABLES.
V 25
Table No. 6.-
-Showing the Degree of Education of those admitted from
April 1st, 1937, to March 31st, 1938.
Degree of Education.
Male.
Female.
Total.
11
23
361
56
31
7
36
239
37
33
18
59
600
93
64
482
352
834
Table No. 7.—Showing the Nationality of those admitted from April 1st, 1937,
to March 31st, 1938.
Nationality.
Male.
Female.
Total.
1
1
3
1
1
9
2
3
66
7
2
8
1
1
3
18
8
11
4
1
1
7
4
9
30
1
8
1
23
7
1
16
92
5
7
9
64
9
IS
24
1
5
1
2
2
2
62
9
4
5
1
1
9
5
3
2
1
2
2
5
5
4
21
1
4
26
3
2
12
71
7
5
6
42
1
3
15
1
2
8
1
1
1
11
4
5
16
Holland
1
27
Italy   	
2
12
9
13
51
1
1
12
1
49
10
3
28
163
12
12
15
106
10
16
39
Poland   	
Unknown.- 	
Wales  _                	
Canada—
Manitoba  „   „	
New Brunswick.... 	
Nova Scotia  	
Ontario _  	
Prince Edward Island 	
Quebec    	
Saskatchewan-	
Totals _	
482
352
834 V 26
MENTAL HOSPITALS REPORT, 1937-38.
Table No. 8.—Showing what Districts contributed Patients from April 1st, 1937,
to March 31st, 1938.
Place of Residence.
Male.
Female.
Total.
Place of Residence.
Male.
Female.
Total.
1
1
3
2
2
1
1
1
2
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
14
1
1
1
1
2
1
2
1
1
1
2
1
1
2
1
1
1
2
2
2
1
1
1
1
1
2
2
2
3
1
1
2
1
1
1
1
3
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
8
1
1
1
1
3
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
2
3
1
4
3
3
1
1
1
5
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
22
1
1
1
1
1
1
3
1
4
3
1
1
1
2
1
3
1
1
2
1
1
1
3
3
2
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
3
3
3
4
1
1
Brought forward	
77
5
1
1
1
1
10
2
1
5
8
1
1
2
1
1
1
1
3
1
1
1
3
1
4
1
1
20
1
12
1
1
1
1
5
1
2
2
4
1
1
2
7
1
1
2
3
1
1
1
46
1
1
1
1
1
1
4
1
1
2
3
3
3
1
1
8
3
15
1
1
1
5
2
3
1
1
1
1
1
1
4
5
123
Agassiz — 	
Ahousat  	
1
Haney.-	
Hatzic  -—
5
1
1
Heffley Creek 	
1
Hope   —
1
Annacis Island —	
Huntingdon . 	
Inverness Cannery    -
1
1
Jaffray  	
1
11
Karen- 	
Kelowna    	
Ladner—  	
1
Ashcroft 	
6
1
6
Laidlaw   	
Langley Prairie 	
Lantzville. 	
Lillooet.   	
1
10
Beaverdell  -	
1
1
2
Lumberton 	
Ly nnmour 	
Lytton  	
McBride — - 	
1
1
3
1
4
Campbell River   	
Matsqui   —  	
Merritt 	
Mission	
Miworth -	
Nanaimo	
Nakusp —	
Needles. — 	
Nelson 	
6
1
1
Canoe   -	
1
4
1
1
12
Cloverdale -	
Npw+dft
New Westminster 	
North Bend   	
4
35
1
Oakalla Prison Farm 	
12
1
Oliver.. „
150-Mile House    .
1
1
Osoyoos —	
Parksville	
Penticton  	
1
Cumberland - - —
1
6
1
3
Port Alice 	
Ptirt Coquitlam	
Port Hammond— —
2
9
Durier 	
1
3
3
Prince George.. - 	
Prince Rupert 	
Princeton —	
Puntledge — —-	
Quick  	
Rayleigh— 	
Refuge Cove -	
Revelstoke..  	
2
Fife 	
8
2
Fort St. John  —
Fraser Mills.	
Galiano Island-	
Ganges—  	
1
1
1
1
3
Rossland 	
6
77
46
123
208
125
333 STATISTICAL TABLES.
V 27
Table No. 8.—Showing what Districts contributed Patients from April 1st, 1937,
to March 31st, 1938—Continued.
Place of Residence.
Male.
Female.
Total.
Place of Residence.
Male.
Female.
Total.
208
2
3
2
2
1
1
1
1
1
5
1
1
4
1
125
3
1
1
1
2
1
1
1
1
1
6
333
5
1
4
3
2
1
2
2
1
1
1
1
1
1
6
1
1
10
1
234
1
203
7
1
27
2
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
144
169
4
3
2
21
2
1
2
1
1
1
1
378
Trout Creek.—                   	
1
372
11
Sardis —  	
Vancouver, West	
4
2
48
4
Wells... 	
White Rock
Whonnock	
Tnfiu"
Trail
Yarrow  	
Totals
234
144
378
482
352
834 V 28
MENTAL HOSPITALS REPORT, 1937-38.
Table No. 9.—Showing the Occupations of those admitted from April 1st, 1937,
to March 31st, 1938.
Occupation.
Male.
Female.
Total.
Occupation.
Male.
Female.
Total.
1
1
2
1
1
2
4
1
14
1
1
11
1
1
4
1
1
1
1
1
2
4
43
3
1
9
1
1
3
1
1
110
27
2
1
1
3
18
1
1
1
1
192
8
1
1
2
1
1
1
2
4
1
14
1
1
1
14
1
1
4
1
1
1
19
1
1
2
4
43
3
1
9
1
1
1
3
1
1
1
1
192
8
110
27
2
259
2
1
4
2
6
16
1
97
2
2
1
5
1
1
1
2
6
1
18
5
12
2
227
3
95
6
3
2
3
486
Lumberman 	
2
1
Mechanic  	
4
2
Beautician. 	
Mill-worker 	
6
16
4
192
6
Nurseryman 	
2
2
1
Clerk   	
Painter 	
5
1
Plumber  —-	
1
1
Poultryman   —
2
6
Rancher  	
Retired  — 	
1
21
5
14
5
Secretary     -
Shipwright	
Shoemaker	
Smelterman -	
—     1          1
1
1
8
1
1
2
1
6
2
3
1
3
1
2
2
1
6
3
1
2
1
8
1
1
Stenographer    	
Steward  	
6
2
1
9
3
3
1
3
Trapper	
1
2
2
3
Totals. . ...   --	
482
352
834
259     !      227
486 STATISTICAL TABLES.                                                  V 29
Table No. 10.—Showing the Ages of those admitted from April 1st, 1937,
to March 31st, 1938.
Age.
Male.
Female.
Total.
21
25
46
41
44
42
36
33
31
40
29
22
41
13
18
23
26
29
38
22
27
38
38
22
25
19
12
10
8
15
20    „                         	
25    „      	
,      30    „     ....              ..
,      35    „                    ...
,      40    „        	
,      45    „         	
74
,      50    „ 	
,      55    „               	
,      60    „      	
65
,      65    „      • 	
48
70    „     	
34
,      75    „      	
51
,      80    „ 	
Ove
r      80    „     _  	
33
Totals — - „„ .
482
352
Table No. 11.—Showing the Number of Attacks in those admitted from
April 1st, 1937, to March 31st, 1938.
Number of Attacks.
Male.
Female.
Total.
First 	
288
67
8
4
8
107
223
64
10
7
8
40
511
131
Third            	
18
Fourth -—	
11
16
147
Totals        	
482
352
834
Table No. 12.—Showing the Alleged Duration of Attack prior to Admission from
April 1st, 1937, to March 31st, 1938.
Duration of Attack.
Male.
Female.
Total.
73
79
52
26
22
20
30
13
9
19
139
49
65
48
22
11
21
18
15
12
30
61
122
144
100
48
33
41
5     „  	
48
,    10     „                             	
28
15                                                  	
21
49
200
482
352
834 V 30
MENTAL HOSPITALS REPORT, 1937-38.
Table No. 13.—Showing Statistics of Heredity in those admitted from
April 1st, 1937, to March- 31st, 1938.
Heredity.
Male.
Female.
Total.
10
17
18
22
415
1
6
20
33
27
265
1
16
37
51
49
680
Totals..                       	
482
352
834
Table No. 14.—Showing the Alleged Cause of Attack in those admitted from
April 1st, 1937, to March 31st, 1938.
Alleged Cause.
Male.
Female.
Total.
Alcohol-
Anterior poliomyelitis-
Arteriosclerosis	
Birth-injury	
Cancer  	
Cardiac epileptic-
Congenital 	
Constitutional	
Coronary sclerosis-
Diabetes  	
Encephalitis 	
Epilepsy. —
19
.54
1
1
15
186
1
1
13
4
1
24
13
148
1
Essential hypertension-
Heredity  	
Heredity, inferred. —  	
Heredity,  maternal	
Heredity,   paternal 	
Heredity, maternal and paternal-
Huntingdon's chorea -	
Lues .	
Morphine	
Myocarditis	
Not   insane —	
Paget's disease	
Paralysis  agitans	
Parkinson's syndrome-
Senility  	
Spinal meningitis-
Thyroid	
Trauma 	
Tuberculosis	
War service ...
Worry	
18
22
17
10
1
41
1
67
1
10
1
33
27
. 20
6
1
9
1
1
40
1
1
23
1
78
1
1
1
28
334
1
1
2
23
1
51
49
37
16
1
1
50
5
1
1
3
1
107
1
1
4
2
1
7
Totals..
482
352
834
Table No. 15.—Showing the State of Bodily Health in those admitted from
April 1st, 1937, to March 31st, 1938.
Bodily Condition.
Male.
Female.
Total.
166
243
73
123
192
37
289
435
110
Totals 	
482
352
834 STATISTICAL TABLES.
V 31
Table No. 16.—Showing the Form of Mental Disorder in those admitted from
April 1st, 1937, to March 31st, 1938.
Form of Disorder.
Male.
Female.
Total.
Arteriosclerotic dementia-
Dementia prsecox	
Drug addiction with psychosis-
Epilepsy with psychosis	
General paresis 	
Imbecility and idiocy _
Involutional melancholia 	
Manic depressive  	
Moron 	
Neurosyphilis-
Not insane-
Paranoia	
Psychoneurosis 	
Psychopathic personality	
Psychosis with Huntingdon's chorea -
Senile dementia 	
Somatic disease  	
Tabes dorsalis 	
Toxic psychosis	
Traumatic psychosis..
Totals	
55
173
1
12
39
29
4
25
19
1
63
13
1
23
482
25
125
1
11
7
43
8
50
20
2
41
80
298
2
23
46
72
12
75
39
2
3
17
8
1
104
21
1
27
Table No. 17.—Showing the Number allowed out on Probation and Results from
April 1st, 1937, to March 31st, 1938.
Results.
Male.
Female.
Total.
Discharged recovered-
Discharged improved-
Discharged unimproved-
Not insane	
Returned to Hospital-
Still out at the close of the year-
Totals	
28
165
43
22
73
46
105
17
35
84
287
74
270
60
57
157
618
Table No. 18.—Showing the Alleged Duration of Insanity prior to Admission in
those discharged from April 1st, 1937, to March 31st, 1938.
Duration of Insanity.
Male.
Female.
Total.
46
48
21
6
9
14
6
1
17
68
23
39
17
11
11
7
8
2
17
33
69
87
38
„    3      „                          _	
,    6	
20
12
21
14
„      „    3    „                	
3
34
101
236
168
404 V 32
MENTAL HOSPITALS REPORT, 1937-38.
Table No. 19.—Showing the Length of Residence of those discharged from
April 1st, 1937, to March 31st, 1938.
Discharged
recovered.
Discharged
improved.
Discharged
unimproved.
Not
Insane.
Length of Residence.
s
J.
"a
s
QJ
fc
'rt
3
aj
'rt
1
fc
6
*rt
"3
1
fc
,2}
"3
i
OJ
fc
3
6
7
8
1
1
1
1
2
6
16
11
2
6
1
1
1
48
16
19
21
21
8
23
1
2
1
4
18
15
7
17
8
12
19
3
2
1
3
3
3
6
6
7
3
9
2
1
4
7
1
2
2
2
2
1
....
„      2 months _	
3                                                         .   —	
—
6       „                                                   	
9       „                                                   	
1?
3      „                                                    	
„      4      „          .                                    	
„      5      „                           —   .	
Totals    -	
28
46
164
105
44
17
Table No. 20.—Record of Deaths from April 1st, 1937, to March 31st, 1938,
Essondale, New Westminster, and Saanich.
Register
No
Time
in Hospital.
Initials.
Sex.
Age.
Certified Cause.
Years.
Months.
Days.
1264
W. D.
M.
67
34
9
23
Chronic myocarditis;   arteriosclerosis.
11490
W. D. L.
M.
32
6
8
25
Exhaustion of idiocy.
10295
J. K.
F.
22
8
9
7
Status epilepticus.
11007
M. H.
M.
21
7
7
11
Status epilepticus.
13729
E. F. LeD.
M.
4
3
2
21
Bronchopneumonia.
15247
R. V.
M.
20
1
5
Bronchopneumonia.
7311
R. H.
F.
49
5
2
24
Mediastinal carcinoma.
13216
P. D. T.
F.
26
4
1
18
Pulmonary and abdominal tuberculosis.
8910
H. R. D.
M.
26
11
8
5
Status epilepticus.
14937
S. McD.
M.
15
1
6
6
Status epilepticus.
15923
C. K.
F.
8 mos.
3
20
Hydrocephalus.
11145
H. H. E.
M.
16
7
7
21    .
Progressive dystrophy and lobar pneumonia.
12165
T. S.
M.
15
6
7
Exhaustion of idiocy.
15900
W. S.
M.
2
5
11
Acute gastroenteritis and pneumonia.
13788
C T.
M.
75
2
5
18
Hypostatic pneumonia;   erysipelas.
1769
F. W.
M.
58
31
5
4
Carcinoma of liver.
15792
N. M.
M.
2
7
25
Acute gastroenteritis.
14856
S. S. K.
M.
18
1
11
12
Exhaustion of idiocy.
16174
E. E. M.
F.
14
3
11
Exhaustion of idiocy.
6371
K. M. H.
F.
41
17
7
1
Pulmonary tuberculosis.
12092
J. D. W.
F.
17
6
4
12
Acute enteritis and bronchopneumonia.
11319
E. S.
M.
33
7
8
4
Acute bronchopneumonia.
15314
H. O. S.
M.
32
1
5
Exhaustion of idiocy.
10913
C. G.
M.
15
8
4
9
Exhaustion of idiocy.
6479
A. J. 1.
M.
72
17
5
16
Arteriosclerosis and chronic myocarditis.
12043
A. D.
M.
66
6
7
7
Cerebral thrombosis ;   arteriosclerosis.
16266
A. B. S.
F.
23
5
Pulmonary tuberculosis.
16044
R. A.
M.
4
8
6
Gastroenteritis.
8709
J. W. E.
M.
34
11
11
11
Phthisis pulmonalis.
3236
M. C.
M.
59
25
5
20
Interstitial nephritis ;   chronic myocarditis.
4679
P. J. C.
M.
73
21
7
13
Chronic myocarditis.
13662
J. McL.
M.
43
3
8
16
Haemorrhage from stomach ulcer.
4725
W. H.
M.
57
21
9
12
Cerebral haemorrhage.
8044
C. J.
M.
48
7
3
18
Phthisis pulmonalis.
13777
M.D.
F.
63
2
11
6
Bronchopneumonia. STATISTICAL TABLES.
V 33
Table No. 20.—Record of Deaths from April 1st, 1937, to March 31st, 1938,
Essondale, New Westminster, and Saanich—Continued.
Register
No.
Time in Hospital.
Initials.
Sex.
Age.
Certified Cause.
Years.
Months.
Days.
15289
M. B.
F.
66
8
19
Bronchopneumonia.
15805
G. M. S.
M.
70
14
Exhaustion of arteriosclerotic dementia.
877
R. P.
M.
75
38
4
4
Coronary sclerosis.
6430
A. E.
F.
77
16
9
13
Chronic myocarditis.
2632
H. t. s.
M.
63
26
10
15
Coronary sclerosis.
15661
K. Mc.
F.
58
2
20
Exhaustion of involutional melancholia.
15780
G. S.
M.
59
29
Cerebral haemorrhage ;   bronchopneumonia ;
arteriosclerosis.
14972
M. W.
F.
64
1
1
21
Exhaustion of arteriosclerotic dementia.
15201
D. E. B.
F.
25
10
15
Pulmonary tuberculosis.
15834
E. M. C.
F.
53
12
Exhaustion of manic depressive psychosis.
13813
J. M.
M.
68
2
10
25
Exhaustion of arteriosclerotic dementia.
13792
F. M.
M.
48
2
11
12
Pulmonary tuberculosis.
15755
G. E. D.
M.
57
1
23
Cerebral artery thrombosis.
11927
J. B. Y.
M.
63
*6
16
Chronic myocarditis.
12663
D. M.
M.
73
4
9
21
Exhaustion of arteriosclerotic dementia.
13905
N.B.
F.
66
2
1
17
Intestinal obstruction   (adhesions) ;   bronchopneumonia.
15893
A. E. L.
M.
72
7
Exhaustion of arteriosclerotic dementia.
15766
J. G.
M.
72
1
25
Exhaustion of senile dementia.
15825
J. A. McK.
M.
57
10
Exhaustion of general paresis.
5248
E. A. C.
F.
46
19
7
21
Pulmonary tuberculosis.
13421
A. G.
M.
61
3
7    ■
14
Chronic myocarditis.
15783
D. B.
M.
55
1
25
Chronic myocarditis;   arteriosclerosis.
15011
E. T.
M.
71
1
1
29
Pyelonephritis.
12465
H. A.
M.
68
5
1
15
Chronic myocarditis;   arteriosclerosis.
10651
E. B.
F.
59
8
1
29
Lobar pneumonia ;   chronic myocarditis.
14690
M. P.
F.
51
1
6
23
Chronic myocarditis;   arteriosclerosis.
15720
J. T.
M.
60
3
1
Chronic myocarditis ;   arteriosclerosis.                '!
14228
G. S. L.
F.
38
2
4
11
Exhaustion of general paresis.
15921
M. F.
F.
57
17
Bronchopneumonia.
8078
M. T.
F.
80
13
3
26
Exhaustion of senile dementia.
15889
L. Y. H.
M.
20
1
2
Bronchopneumonia.
15941
T. T.
M.
29
	
15
Strangulation  (suicide).
3863
A. B.
M.
57
23
6
13
Exhaustion of manic depressive psychosisi
15866
W. C.
F.
35
1
17
Exhaustion of general paresis.
14910
M. L.
F.
22
1
4
4
Pulmonary tuberculosis.
14878
A. C.
F.
23
1
4
22
Pulmonary tuberculosis.
2907
A. D.
F.
56
26
1
5
Chronic myocarditis ;   coronary sclerosis.
15988
P. W.
M.
73
	
6
Pulmonary tuberculosis.
8688
S. A.
F.
66
12
14
Bronchopneumonia.
15777
G. E.
F.
42
2
23
Pulmonary tuberculosis.
12117
J. R.
M.
87
5
9
26
Arteriosclerosis;   chronic myocarditis.
15920
S. K.
M.
38
1
4
Exhaustion of general paresis.
15438
CM.
M.
59
8
15
Exhaustion of arteriosclerotic dementia.
15872
J. R.
M.
67
1
26
Carcinoma of pharynx.                                          <
14413
E. M.
M.
59
2
1
22
Cerebral haemorrhage.
13276
A. F.
F.
72
3
11
8
Bronchopneumonia.
15897
K. E.
M.
44
1
19
Exhaustion of general paresis.
15946
B. L.
M.
74
1
6
Chronic myocarditis;   arteriosclerosis.
15837
E. C. T.
M.
63
....
22
Essential hypertension.
15586
J. Mc.
M.
48
4
26
Bronchopneumonia ; acromegaly ; chronic myocarditis.
14569
I. H.
F.
52
1
11
14
Pulmonary tuberculosis.
15173
P.C.
F.
55
1
1
7
Bronchopneumonia.
11825
G. L.
M.
61
6
4
23
Carcinoma of pinna of right ear.
14706
F. E. D.
F.
52
1
8
28
Endocarditis with coronary infarct.
1722
A. L.
F.
76
31
4
26
Chronic myocarditis ;   thrombophlebitis left leg
from varicose ulcers.
10936
1 E. H. H.
F.
57
7
10
7
Pulmonary tuberculosis.
2181
1 CM.
F.
61
29
1
5
Myocarditis ;   peritonitis ;  arteriosclerosis. V 34
MENTAL HOSPITALS REPORT, 1937-38.
Table No. 20.—Record of Deaths from April 1st, 1937, to March 31st, 1938,
Essondale, New Westminster, and Saanich—Continued.
Register
No.
Time in Hospital.
Initials.
Sex.
Age.
Certified Cause.
Years.
Months.
Days.
14929
D. V. F.
F.
40
1
5
4
Gangrenous appendicitis, with local abscess;
bronchopneumonia.
15665
A. E.
M.
37
5
17
Bronchopneumonia.
16045
A. F. McT.
M.
74
20
Exhaustion of senile dementia.
15190
E. M. F.
F.
22
1
1
19
Pulmonary tuberculosis; miliary tubercular
intestines, liver, and spleen.
15083
H. A. G.
M.
54
1
2
28
Suffocation (suicide).
8889
J. D. W.
M.
62
11
8
14
Carcinoma of prostate.
15801
K. L.
M.
50
3
26
Exhaustion of general paresis.
14529
K. T. A.
F.
57
1
1
1
Bronchopneumonia.
16083
J. A.
M.
70
10
Exhaustion of senile dementia.
16017
J. S.
M.
71
1
14
Chronic myocarditis ;   arteriosclerosis.
16088
E. J. S.
F.
68
20
Bronchopneumonia;   cellulitis of left arm.
14514
A. T.
M.
19
2
1
21
Pulmonary tuberculosis.
12096
A.B.
F.
65
6
1
Bronchopneumonia;   pericarditis.
16099
N. E. M.
M.
74
18
Bronchopneumonia.        ,
13407
A. A.
M.
60
3
10'
17
Pulmonary tuberculosis.
16098
R. J. S.
M.
69
	
27
Bronchopneumonia;   chronic myocarditis.
16105
F. W.
M.
82
27
Hemorrhage from pyloric ulcer.
15278
R. W. W. R.
M.
63
1
1
3
Chronic myocarditis; pericarditis; cerebral
softening; exhaustion of arteriosclerotic dementia.
16097
M. H. H.
M.
76
	
1
5
Exhaustion of senile dementia.
12742
J. R.
F.
59
5
1
Exhaustion of epilepsy.
15936
A. H. McC
F.
86
3
20
Exhaustion of senile dementia.
15785
M.J.
F.
72
5
16
Exhaustion of senile dementia.
15494
R. E. H. S.
F.
25
10
14
Pulmonary tuberculosis.
16168
M.S.
F.
59
22
Exhaustion of general paresis.
15913
W.N.
M.
88
4
2
Exhaustion of senile dementia.
14226
M. L. H.
F.
37
2
8
	
Exhaustion of dementia praecox.
11454
M. M.
F.
53
7
2
2
Bronchopneumonia;   chronic myocarditis.
12307
P. B.
F.
30
5
8
25
Pulmonary tuberculosis.
14130
J. c
M.
65
2
9
26
Exhaustion of dementia praecox.
16132
w. s. s.
M.
61
....
1
14
Chronic myocarditis;   arteriosclerosis.
12873
S. MacD.
F.
31
4
9
26
Pulmonary tuberculosis.
16046
J. S.
M.
54
2
22
Coronary sclerosis.
3351
B. A. B.
M.
42
25
2
11
Bronchopneumonia;   chronic myocarditis.
15978
N.H.
F.
65
1
21
Pulmonary tuberculosis.
8220
T. K.
M.
71
13
4
	
Bronchopneumonia;   chronic myocarditis.
10169
K. M.
F.
42
9
5
	
Pulmonary tuberculosis.
15599
H.J.
M.
21
1
9
13
Potts' disease of the spine.
16153
H. R.
M.
54
1
20
Exhaustion of involutional melancholia.
16134
H. L. O.
M.
56
2
Gross bodily injury with internal haemorrhage,
accident (suicide).
14740
A. L.
M.
70
1
11
7
Bronchopneumonia ;   carcinoma of pharynx.
14185
V. C.
M.
50
2
9
19
Exhaustion of toxic psychosis.
14516
T. E.
M.
64
2
3
20
Cerebral haemorrhage.
16157
G. K.
M.
59
1
28
Chronic myocarditis;   arteriosclerosis.
16235
F. M.
M.
57
27
Exhaustion of arteriosclerotic dementia.
14901
F. D.
M.
58
1
8
19
Pulmonary tuberculosis.
15718
T. P.
M.
31
7
22
Exhaustion of general paresis.
9621
J. F.
F.
10
10
6
7
Hypostatic pneumonia ; chronic myocarditis :
chronic nephritis;   arteriosclerosis.
16231
E. M.
F.
78
	
1
14
Exhaustion of senile dementia.
16214
W. D.
M.
50
1
25
Pulmonary tuberculosis.
8037
K. M. H.
F.
70
13
10
2
Exhaustion of arteriosclerotic dementia.
15722
J. D. R.
F.
84
8
8
Exhaustion of senile dementia.
13807
M. G. B.
F.
46
3
5
11
Exhaustion of dementia pra_cox.
16268
A. H.
M.
69
1
	
Chronic myocarditis;   arteriosclerosis.
11906
J.J.
M.
73
6
7
Depressed fracture of skull   (accident).
15859
W. A. M.
M.
57
6
23
Bronchopneumonia;   diabetes mellitus.
16253
M. P.
F.
72
1
18
Chronic  nephritis ;    chronic myocarditis ;
arteriosclerosis. STATISTICAL TABLES.
V 35
Table No. 20.—Record of Deaths from April 1st, 1937, to March 31st, 1938,
Essondale, New Westminster, and Saanich—Continued.
Register
No.
Initials.
Sex.
Age.
Time in Hospital.
Years. Months. Days
Certified Cause.
13941
16314
15726
16041
15880
14404
15268
15066
16175
15818
16264
16381
16169
2904
15581
1570'6
3035
15215
16191
16228
15778
15974
16391
13789
16310
15502
5215
14809
16005
15404
14092
11435
15171
14742
15787
14662
15733
10276
16232
14785
16505
9334
16302
16452
16588
6643
16027
14343
11199
9803
16306
16102
A. K.
M. M.
J. H. S.
E. S.
H. A. S.
K. I.
W. W. D.
A. W.
J. O'N.
G. G. S.
M. L. D.
S. H. G.
P. S.
F. C.
J. P.
A. L. S.
K. L.
T. G. J.
R. R.
T. H.
E. D. .
A. C.
C. W. N.
E. A. C
H. M.
J. B. G.
A. C.
M. E. R.
A. B. S.
J. B.
E. S.
M. M.
J. D.
J. A. W.
S. L. G.
A.N.
L. F.
E. K. B.
H. H. P.
J. S.
A. M. W.
A. H. G.
J. M. McL.
A. G.
G. C T.
CC.
G. H. S.
E. M. A.
L. S.
S.C.
E. W.
A. S.
F.
F.
M.
M.
M.
M.
M.
M.
F.
F.
F.
M.
M.
M.
M.
F.
F.
F.
M.
M.
F.
M.
M.
F.
M.
F.
F.
F.
F.
F.
F.
F.
M.
M.
F.
F.
F.
F.
M.
M.
F.
M.
M.
M.
M.
F.
M.
F.
F.
M.
M.
F.
32
77
61
31
49
62
51
73
53
63
30
43
44
68
56
32
71
31
72
69
67
67
67
71
72
54
66
72
66
66
30
57
17
52
53
58
67
76
79
59
45
64
85
60
71
72
53
57
70
26
57
26
1
26
1
1
20
2
1
3
7
1
2
2
11 '
17
2
3
12
24
8
25
4
22
7
—
7
2
4
16
7
14
3
12
8
2
2
4
11
3
24
7
12
2
2
4
1
7
4
2
7
s
3
10
4
11
6
4
2
5
4
2
2
8
11
23
4
13
6
6
7
26
14
12
16
9
5
12
29
9
20
9
27
28
22
19
7
22
20
19
23
23
Pulmonary tuberculosis.
Chronic myocarditis ;   arteriosclerosis.
Bronchopneumonia.
Bronchopneumonia.
Exhaustion of general paresis.
Pulmonary tuberculosis.
General paresis.
Chronic myocarditis.
Essential hypertension.
Chronic myocarditis ;   auricular fibrillation ;
fracture of right femur.
Pulmonary tuberculosis.
Pulmonary tuberculosis.
Huntingdon's chorea.
Bronchopneumonia.
Ruptured left ventricle with hemopericardium;
syphilitic aortitis;   chronic pleurisy of right
side.
Pulmonary tuberculosis.
Bronchopneumonia;   cerebral hemorrhage.
Pulmonary tuberculosis.
Chronic myocarditis;   arteriosclerosis.
Chronic myocarditis;   arteriosclerosis.
Exhaustion of senile dementia.
Exhaustion   of   arteriosclerotic   dementia;
bronchopneumonia.
Bronchopneumonia.
Tubercular  pneumonia ;    chronic  myocarditis :
chronic enteritis.
Bronchopneumonia;   chronic myocarditis.
Pulmonary tuberculosis.
Carcinoma pylorus ;   intestinal obstruction.
Bronchopneumonia.
Bronchopneumonia-
Bronchopneumonia ;   chronic myocarditis.
Pulmonary tuberculosis.
Bronchopneumonia ;   chronic myocarditis.
Pulmonary tuberculosis.
Coronary thrombosis.
Bronchopneumonia.
Carcinoma of stomach with metastases to liver
and lungs.
Exhaustion of senile dementia.
Hemopericardium,  rupture of right ventricle;
arteriosclerosis ;   chronic cholecystitis ; hypostatic pneumonia.
Chronic myocarditis;   arteriosclerosis.
Chronic myocarditis.
Pulmonary thrombosis ;   chronic endocarditis.
Bronchopneumonia.
Chronic myocarditis ;   arteriosclerosis.
Chronic myocarditis ;   arteriosclerosis.
Bronchopneumonia; arteriosclerosis.
Intestinal obstruction  (bands).
Chronic myocarditis;   arteriosclerosis.
Haemorrhage into left ventricle;   arteriosclerosis ;   chronic nephritis.
Exhaustion of manic depressive psychosis.
Chronic myocarditis ; arteriosclerosis.
Bronchopneumonia;   pulmonary tuberculosis.
Carcinoma  of  pancreas  with  metastases  to
liver. V 36
MENTAL HOSPITALS REPORT, 1937-38.
Table No. 20.—Record of Deaths from April 1st, 1937, to March 31st, 1938,
Essondale, New Westminster, and Saanich—Continued.
«■*.
TIMF
in Hospital.
No.
Initials.
Sex.
Age.
Years.
Months.
Days.
Certified Cause.
15619
W. G. L.
M.
23
1
2
26
Exhaustion of dementia prascox.
16123
D. F.
M.
50
8
—
Chronic myocarditis.
15488
A. E.
M.
72
1
5
8
Bronchopneumonia.
16475
W. V. G.
M.
42
2
20
Suffocation due to drowning (suicide).
9124
E. M. T.
F.
53
11
11
13
Intestinal obstruction;  volvulus.
16628
L. McL.
M.
40
	
20
Exhaustion of general paresis.
16648
H. C.
M.
75
14
Chronic myocarditis ; arteriosclerosis. 	
^^^™
RECREATION HALL, VETERANS' BLOCK.
VETERANS' KITCHEN AND DINING BLOCK.  BURSAR'S REPORT. V 37
PART II—FINANCIAL.
BURSAR'S REPORT.
Essondale, B.C., August 31st, 1938.
A. L. Crease, Esq., M.D., CM.,
General Superintendent of Mental Hospitals,
Essondale, B.C.
Sir,—I beg to submit herewith for your consideration the financial statements of the
Provincial Mental Hospitals of British Columbia for the fiscal year ended March 31st, 1938,
including balance-sheets, profit and loss accounts, costs-sheets, and various other financial
and statistical reports.
The total gross operating expenses for the three institutions, the Psychopathic Division
(outside clinics), and the Colony Farm, comprising the Mental Hospitals, amount to
$1,262,604.10, an increase of $101,251.98 over the preceding year. Of this, $65,000 can be
accounted to increased population, the daily average for the year being 178 over the year
1936-37. Restoration of service-pay added another $14,000; extension of the activities of
the Psychopathic Division, $5,600; and the general high-price level of all commodities, which
prevailed throughout practically the full year, the balance of the excess expenditure. Public
Works expenditures of $125,739.76 in maintenance, which are included in our gross expenditure figure, have kept the buildings, plant, and equipment in a good state of repair.
The daily average population was 3,396.10, as against 3,217.93 for the previous year, and
the gross per capita cost $371.78 per year or $1,019 per day, as against $360.90 per year or
98.87 cents per day during the year 1936-37, an increase of 3.03 cents per day per capita.
This was predicted last year.
The Colony Farm expenditure of $127,836.01 as against $123,625.81 for the year 1936-37
has been absorbed into the operating expenses of the Hospitals, and is included in the
per capita cost figures as well as the Public Works maintenance and repair expenditure of
$125,739.76. Dairy and farm produce to the value of $177,858.35 was supplied by Colony
Farm to the institutions during the year as follows: Essondale Hospital, $153,250.09; Public
Hospital for Insane, New Westminster, $23,656.89;   Mental Home, Colquitz, $951.37.
Revenue collections and remittances to the Treasury during the year were as follows:
Mental Hospital, Essondale, $173,468.25; Public Hospital for Insane, New Westminster,
$15,036.39; Mental Home, Colquitz, $18,839.20; a total of $207,343.84 as against collections
of $185,269.93 in the preceding year, an increase of $22,093.71. Municipalities were relieved
of their contributions of 50 cents per day per patient, and no revenue from this source was
collectable for the year under review. During the year 1936-37 this collection amounted to
$350,121.50. Colony Farm sale of stock and produce remitted to the Treasury amounted to
$17,528.27, as against $10,336.96 during the previous year.
In reviewing the operating expenses of the fiscal year, it is strikingly brought to one's
attention the ever-increasing population and the growth of the institution, and for your
information and that of the general public I am below quoting a few facts and figures which
give one some idea of just Essondale alone. The average family may speak of their morning
milk as one or two quarts, but Colony Farm supplies the institution every morning with
3% tons of milk from a herd of 236 milch cows. For the supply of pork we are obliged to
carry from 1,000 to 1,200 hogs on the Farm, and we kill 20 hogs per week to supply our
pork products, which last year amounted to 180,000 lb., or 90 tons. Our cannery pack, put
up with the assistance of patient-labour, consisted of all kinds of fruit and vegetables and
amounted to 220 tons of food material, consisting of 53,581 No. 10 gallon cans and some 2,000
No. 2% cans. We grow and use 700 tons of potatoes, 40 tons of carrots, and over 700 tons
of other field roots and vegetables, while 65,000 loaves of bread are required per month at
Essondale alone. V 38 MENTAL HOSPITALS REPORT, 1937-38.
In the purchase of supplies the same huge quantities are noted; such as the purchase
of 110 tons of beef, 25 tons of mutton, 38 tons of butter, 15 tons of fish, %V2 tons of tea, and 5
tons of coffee during the year. Our local consumption in fuels is 1,000 tons of lump and 8,000
tons of pea coal, to which must be added a mixture of 2,500 tons of coke breeze. I am simply
quoting these figures to give the ordinary layman a slight idea as to the size of this institution
for the mentally ill, and sometimes marvel at the fact that it is done for practically the cost
of $1 per day per patient.
Regarding capital expenditure, the new Nurses' Home (No. 2) was constructed during
the year at a cost of $48,458, and furnishings amounted to $10,850.31. At the New Westminster Institution " G and Con " and " J and K " wards were reconstructed at a cost of
$134,787, with furnishings amounting to $12,242.31.
For more detailed information regarding the operation of various branches, and for
cost figures, I would refer you to the various tables attached, which will show the current
as well as previous figures for comparison, and may prove of interest to you.
In closing, I wish to express my appreciation for the many courtesies and the close
co-operation which we have had in our relations with other departments of the institution
and the Government, and to express to you, Sir, my thanks for your hearty co-operation and
assistance during the year. I also wish to take this opportunity to thank the members of my
staff who have at all times striven to advance the interests of the institution.
All of which is respectfully submitted.
Gowan S. Macgowan,
Bursar. NEW WESTMINSTER. V 39
PUBLIC HOSPITAL FOR INSANE, NEW WESTMINSTER.
Balance-sheet, March 31st, 1938.
Assets.
Cemetery .  $610.89
Buildings      953,435.21
Plant and Equipment          21,200.82
Furniture and fixtures        30,142.31
Inventories (unissued stores) —
Provisions  $5,198.24
Furniture and fixtures      3,265.02
Maintenance and repairs—
Janitors' supplies      $109.50
Tools, P.W.D.       1,543.65
Stores, P.W.D        875.34
    2,528.49
Clothing      8,247.09
Miscellaneous          127.59
         19,366.43
Deficit  (cost of operations, 1937-38)        210,172.32
$1,234,927.98
Liabilities.
Government of Province of British Columbia $1,234,927.98
Profit and Loss Account, March 31st, 1938.
Salaries  $113,592.79
Office supplies  1,591.74
Travelling expenses   366.52
Fuel, water, light, and power   21,599.90
Maintenance and repairs   23,147.83
Furniture and fixtures   887.34
Provisions  49,192.98
Clothing   9,280.94
Medical and surgical supplies   1,724.62
Incidentals and unforeseen   3,824.05
Collections for year to Treasury          $15,036.39
Net operating cost for year           210,172.32
$225,208.71    $225,208.71 V 40 MENTAL HOSPITALS REPORT, 1937-38.
PROVINCIAL MENTAL HOSPITAL, ESSONDALE.
Balance-sheet, March 31st, 1938.
Assets.
Land     $117,763.50
Buildings      4,345,692.70
Furniture and fixtures        112,777.79
Plant and equipment         59,016.98
Inventories  (unissued stores) —
Provisions     $16,089.51
Clothing .    10,927.71
Furniture and fixtures       8,127.67
Miscellaneous       2,118.16
Fuel        6,328.55
Maintenance and repairs—
Janitors' supplies — .     $167.87
Tools, P.W.D     5,114.30
Stores, P.W.D  11,841.60
    17,123.77
Medical and surgical       3,408.28
64,123.65
Deficit (cost of operations, 1937-38)       761,104.72
$5,460,479.34
Liabilities.
Government of Province of British Columbia  $5,460,479.34
Profit and Loss Account, March 31st, 1938.
Salaries  $397,298.18
Office supplies . .        9,252.24
Travelling expenses         4,559.93
Fuel, water, light, and power        88,468.53
Repairs and renewals       97,732.18
Furniture and fixtures       16,534.94
Provisions     229,406.74
Clothing, boots, etc.       46,952.28
Medical and surgical supplies        12,558.27
Examinations, committals, and transportation          8,230.13
Incidentals and contingencies       23,579.55
Collections for year to Treasury     $173,468.25
Net operating cost for year .      761,104.72
$934,572.97   $934,572.97 SAANICH. V 41
MENTAL HOME, SAANICH.
Balance-sheet, March 31st, 1938.
Assets.
Buildings      $284,359.31
Furniture and fixtures         19,278.25
Implements and stock   5,478.30
Airing and recreation courts  750.00
Inventories (unissued stores) —
Provisions     $1,234.01
Clothing    3,434.13
Furniture and fixtures     2,049.46
Maintenance and repairs—
Janitors' supplies    $284.90
Tools and stores, P.W.D.       761.38
    1,046.28
Miscellaneous        161.62
Fuel        183.25
  8,108.75
Deficit (cost of operations, 1937-38)         83,983.22
$401,957.83
Liabilities.
Government of Province of British Columbia    $401,957.83
Profit and Loss Account, March 31st, 1938.
Salaries  $53,587.02
Office supplies  588.03
Travelling expenses  205.94
Fuel, water, light, and power  8,627.44
Maintenance and repairs   5,314.36
Furniture and fixtures   964.04
Provisions   24,552.49
Clothing     5,181.45
Medical and surgical supplies   443.53
Examinations, committals, and transportation   42.50
Incidentals and unforeseen  3,315.62
Collections for year to Treasury         $18,839.20
Net operating cost for year              83,983.22
$102,822.42    $102,822.42 V 42 MENTAL HOSPITALS REPORT, 1937-38.
PSYCHOPATHIC DIVISION.
Expense Statement, March 31st, 1938.
Salaries   $14,207.99
Less board and room         614.84
Expenses—
Office supplies    $168.23
Telephone and telegraph   169.26
Travelling expenses   1,418.34
Fuel   160.84
Water  12.60
Light and power   50.56
Janitor's service and supplies  279.00
Incidentals and contingencies   210.45
$13,593.15
2,469.28
$16,062.43
Note.—The above expenses absorbed into the New Westminster, Essondale, and Saanich
statements on basis of population.
HEADQUARTERS DEPARTMENT.
Expense Statement, March 31st, 1938.
Salaries   $17,761.82
Less board and room         720.00
$17,041.82
Expenses—
Office supplies     $1,840.93
Travelling expenses   244.60
Incidentals and contingencies   30.25
  2,115.78
$19,157.60
Note.—The above expenses absorbed into the New Westminster, Essondale, and Saanich
statements on basis of population. STAFF DINING-ROOM, VETERANS' BLOCK.
PATIENTS' CAFETERIA, VETERANS' BLOCK.  FINANCIAL TABLES.
V 43
FINANCIAL TABLES.
Table A.—Showing the Average Number of Patients in Residence each Year, the Total
Amounts spent for Maintenance, and the Gross Per Capita Cost.
Year.
Average
Number in
Residence.
Maintenance
Expenditure.
Per Capita
Cost.
1872
1873
1874
1875
1876
1877.
1878
1879
1880
1881
1882
1883
1884.
1885.
1886
1887.
1888
1889
1890.
1891
1892
1893
1894.
1895.
1896
1897.
1898
1899.
1900
1901.
1902
1903.
1904
1905
1906
1907.
1908
1909
1910
1911
1912
1913,
1913,
1914,
1914,
1915,
1915,
1916,
1916,
1917,
1917,
1918,
1918,
1919-
1919
1919
1920-
1920-
1920
1921
(81 days).
M.H., New Westminster	
M.H., Essondale  (9 months) .
M.H., New Westminster	
M.H., Essondale 	
M.H., New Westminster-
M.H., Essondale ,	
M.H., New Westminster _
M.H., Essondale 	
M.H., New Westminster—  	
M.H., Essondale  -	
M.H., New Westminster  —
M.H., Essondale _	
■20, M.H., New Westminster  (15 months).
20, M.H., Essondale  (15 months) 	
■20, M.H., Saanich  (373 days) 	
New Westminster	
Essondale- 	
Saanich  	
21, M.H.,
21, M.H.,
21, M.H.,
22, M.H.,
New Westminster..
16.57
16.07
16.76
27.42
36.41
34.61
36.52
38.17
45.42
47.18
47.86
48.73
48.70
54.67
59.11
73.55
79.43
71.30
78.78
119.87
125.24
133.92
148.64
162.97
171.43
188.91
216.53
226.44
243.24
269.56
296.62
332.23
351.55
340.90
374.57
419.24
490.80
526.85
563.33
641.02
736.72
550.54
384.07
487.24
489.07
515.74
560.56
524.17
633.13
535.66
716.35
585.38
752.78
562.12
755.46
90.51
567.47
834.10
108.67
596.07
$2,265.25
7,841.94
8,232.41
9,892.38
12,558.18
12,917.17
13,985.05
10,253.72
10,552.18
10,691.76
11,343.65
11,829.11
11,843.94
15,555.87
15,334.43
15,945.22
16,261.06
15,657.79
17,577.80
21,757.03
23,518.37
25,904.98
26,495.83
31,587.89
32,001.40
36,224.76
46,420.25
54,917.45
59,349.20
55,406.08
55,345.65
59,353.57
66,052.76
63,342.07
66,596.69
74,874.64
90,269.49
96,586.32
103,900.44
126,782.50
130,924.06
119,663.71
71,079.84
125,981.45
131,420.44
123,021.70
123,878.43
116,052.21
155,698.37
124,124.68
166,231.51
156,574.85
222,097.37
236,631.90
357,630.99
40,433.28
233,486.76
336,585.35
51,995.87
210,887.45
$616.00
487.98
491.20
360.77
344.91
373.26
382.93
268.63
232.32
226.62
237.02
242.75
243.20
284.54
259.42
216.70
204.72
219.60
223.13
181.50
187.80
193.36
178.25
193.83
186.67
191.75
214.38
242.52
244.00
205.54
186.59
178.65
187.89
185.80
177.79
178.59
183.92
183.32
184.43
197.78
177.71
217.36
184.76
258.56
268.36
238.53
220.99
221.40
245.91
231.72
232.05
267.47
295.03
420.97
473.38
446.72
411.44
403.52
478.47
353.79 V 44
MENTAL HOSPITALS REPORT, 1937-38.
Table A.—Showing the Average Number of Patients in Residence each Year, the Total
Amounts spent for Maintenance, and the Gross Per Capita Cost—Continued.
Year.
Average
Number in
Residence.
Maintenance
Expenditure.
Per Capita
Cost.
1921-22
1921-22
1922-23
1922-23
1922-23
1923-24.
1923-24
1923-24
1924-25
1924-25
1924-25
1925-26;
1925-26
1925-26
1926-27
1926-27,
1926-27
1927-28;
1927-28
1927-28;
1928-29
1928-29
1928-29
1929-30
1929-30
1929-30
1930-31
1930-31
1930-31
1931-32
1931-32
1931-32
1932-33
1932-33
1932-33
1933-34
1933-34
1933-34;
1934-35
1934-35
1934-35,
1935-36
1935-36
1935-86,
1936-37,
1936-37,
1936-37,
1937-38
1937-38,
1937-38,
M.H., Essondale - _
M.H., Saanich  	
M.H., New Westminster...
M.H., Essondale	
M.H., Saanich  -
M.H., New Westminster—
M.H., Essondale.. -
M.H., Saanich 	
M.H., New Westminster...
M.H., Essondale 	
M.H., Saanich  	
M.H., New Westminster...
M.H., Essondale 	
M.H., Saanich  	
M.H., New Westminster...
M.H., Essondale	
M.H., Saanich	
M.H., New Westminster...
M.H., Essondale —.
M.H., Saanich  	
M.H., New Westminster—
M.H., Essondale	
M.H., Saanich 	
M.H., New Westminster...
M.H., Essondale	
M.H., Saanich 	
M.H., New Westminster...
M.H., Essondale 	
M.H., Saanich 	
M.H., New Westminster—
M.H., Essondale .—	
M.H., Saanich 	
M.H., New Westminster...
M.H., Essondale _	
M.H., Saanich -	
M.H., New Westminster—
M.H., Essondale -	
M. H., Saanich	
M.H., New Westminster...
M.H., Essondale 	
M.H., Saanich  	
M.H., New Westminster..
M.H., Essondale	
M.H., Saanich	
M.H., New Westminster...
M.H., Essondale	
M.H., Saanich	
M.H., New Westminster...
M.H., Essondale	
M.H., Saanich	
890.32
120.05
603.40
942.60
127.57
628.85
963.83
139.69
620.23
1,046.78
156.28
612.28
1,151.21
164.55
652.98
1,238.81
172.99
667.33
1,302.77
221.41
701.22
1,363.43
228.96
737.12
1,414.29
226.62
547.98
1,693.31
240.43
361.88
1,991.41
254.06
389.85
2,102.92
258.95
430.00
2,191.48
263.17
489.72
2,317.22
262.56
607.26
2,361.31
257.50
510.65
2,448.90
258.38
532.41
2,602.17
261.52
$321,150.35
47,860.96
214,672.13
312,955.52
47,215.01
219,277.02
334,227.39
53,597.29
201,023.79
385,160.68
58,715.33
182,864.26
454,409.02
59,792.32
185,394.70
489,843.33
67,795.28
195,215.68
522,430.46
84,539.66
207,340.35
577,576.29
97,313.32
232,653.31
615,048.53
91,199.58
210,193.51
699,548.70
104,342.82
178,146.40
706,772.16
102,171.37
171,767.80
685,279.78
100,862.54
159,996.23
661,657.29
90,782.29
181,335.00
714,027.74
95,963.92
193,317.83
771,489.06
96,608.79
219,117.21
844,164.44
98,070.47
225,208.71
934,572.97
102,822.42
$360.71
398.67
355.77
332.01
370.11
348.69
346.76
383.68
324.11
367.94
375.70
298.66
394.72
363.37
283.92
395.41
391.90
292.53
401.01
381.82
295.68
423.62
425.02
315.62
434.88
402.43
383.58
413.12
433.98
492.28
354.91
402.15
440.60
325.87
389.505
372.08
301.92
344.95
370.28
308.14
365.49
381.10
326.72
375.18
429.09
344.71
379.56
423.00
359.15
393.17 FINANCIAL TABLES.
V 45
Table B.—Showing Analysis of the Per Capita Cost.
Year.
Salaries.
Provisions.
Clothing.
Fuel and
Light.
Furniture.
Medicines.
Miscellaneous.
Total.
1872 ...
1873 ....
1874....
1875 ...
1876 -
1877—
1878 ...
1879 ..
1880 ...
1881...
1882...
1883...
1884 -
1885...
1886 ...
1887 ...
1888 ...
1889 ...
1890 ...
1891 -
1892 ...
1893 ...
1894 ...
1895 ...
1896...
1897 ...
1898 ..
1899 ...
1900 ...
1901...
1902 ...
1903 ...
1904 ...
1905 _
1906 ...
1907—
1908 ...
1909 ...
1910 ...
1911....
1912 ...
1913,
1913,
1914,
1914,
1915,
1915,
1916,
1916,
1917,
1917,
M.H.,
M.H.,
M.H.,
M.H.,
M.H.,
M.H.,
M.H.,
M.H.,
M.H.,
M.H.,
New Westminster
Essondale— 	
New Westminster
Essondale	
New Westminster
Essondale	
New Westminster
Essondale	
New Westminster
Essondale	
$279.38
221.48
231.10
153.82
143.34
177.15
176.16
134.27
111.84
112.44
121.51
123.81
124.02
169.05
159.03
127.80
118.34
131.70
121.54
88.35
94.25
95.50
87.76
90.83
89.13
89.09
94.68
113.31
116.04
99.16
87.47
82.36
87.43
92.17
88.76
89.18
90.93
94.27
95.97
97.44
78.40
102.37
93.56
115.72
113.06
110.94
95.25
105.89
89.26
103.41
83.57
$184.03
166.81
152.10
113.40
114.45
126.75
124.23
95.10
87.71
81.14
84.52
92.56
90.64
84.33
69.35
59.10
60.47
59.11
62.77
54.79
56.74
53.55
57.07
61.15
55.93
58.18
69.43
72.91
72.62
66.65
61.13
57.86
60.01
54.09
53.15
48.47
49.17
53.41
48.43
58.08
56.37
54.07
49.90
68.15
81.42
64.32
62.84
74.96
75.18
72.20
79.98
$55.81
14.55
22.07
13.98
18.68
20.69
30.43
3.25
5.74
6.86
7.05
6.03
7.03
6.33
5.49
5.88
4.41
7.20
9.02
3.83
4.69
6.43
5.25
9.90
6.30
8.36
9.94
8.31
9.06
10.12
7.95"
8.58
6.85
5.99
5.16
5.81
6.61
8.16
7.87
9.39
10.09
9.43
5.50
2.99
15.49
7.57
9.44
2.58
17.76
10.52
18.92
$22.44
23.65
23.98
16.88
22.75
4.66
13.94
15.91
14.06
12.73
12.30
11.04
12.43
15.05
16.20
15.38
13.90
12.93
17.31
20.43
20.53
22.60
18.83
20.41
20.29
19.11
21.82
33.96
32.10
18.52
15.25
14.77
17.84
17.93
15.92
19.82
17.63
13.02
21.32
18.84
19.36
25.27
25.13
24.13
28.93
20.30
24.87
18.52
26.96
18.29
23.39
$15.55
21.59
28.36
25.45
17.90
20.75
7.20
6.39
6.00
5.55
4.54
4.26
4.14
3.90
3.72
3.88
3.11
4.13
4.00
3.40
3.35
3.39
2.98
2.51
2.56
2.95
2.76
2.50
2.15
3.25
4.13
3.24
4.48
3.83
3.57
3.02
4.56
2.78
2.02
1.12
1.79
4.74
.55
.69
4.14
1.14
4.98
4.77
$10.18
$49.30
7.74
32.16
7.78
25.81
6.73
30.51
2.86
24.93
3.74
19.52
9.16
21.82
6.31
7.40
3.63
3.34
2.56
5.34
3.49
3.61
2.24
2.82
2.77
2.18
2.93
2.95
1.59
4.04
.93
3.81
2.09
2.40
2.07
2.46
1.29
7.19
1.89
8.81
1.80
6.42
2.69
10.20
1.43
4.93
3.10
5.93
3.63
8.83
3.86
10.20
5.12
10.62
2.73
8.80
1.71
10.32
1.07
6.77
1.20
9.46
1.91
9.93
2.10
9.18
2.03
9.76
1.21
10.02
1.57
10.72
1.79
13.23
.84
10.84
1.15
7.67
1.87
11.04
1.50
10.20
3.21
18.27
1.02
14.10
2.64
44.24
1.19
24.13
1.88
33.52
.56
26.89
1.45
18.00
.42
31.35
2.38
24.92
.81
20.61
$616.69
487.98
491.20
360.77
344.91
373.26
382.93
268.63
332.32
226.62
237.02
242.75
243.20
284.54
259.42
216.78
204.72
219.60
223.10
181.52
187.80
193.36
178.25
193.83
186.67
191.75
214.37
242.52
244.00
205.54
186.59
178.65
187.89
186.80
177.79
178.59
183.92
183.32
184.43
197.78
177.71
217.36
184.76
258.56
268.36
238.53
220.99
221.40
245.91
231.72
232.05
This accounting system was discontinued in 1917, and new system installed as per Table B 1. V 46
MENTAL HOSPITALS REPORT, 1937-38.
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DAY-ROOM, VETERANS' BLOCK.
DORMITORY, VETERANS' BLOCK.  FINANCIAL TABLES. V 51
Table D.—Summary Statement showing the Gross and Net Per Capita Cost
of Patients in the Three Institutions.
Public Hospital for Insane, New Westminster—
Total maintenance vouchers   $187,990.71
Proportion Psychopathic Division vouchers   2,570.00
Proportion Headquarters vouchers  3,065.22
Proportion Colony Farm expenditure   21,570.39
Maintenance and repairs (Public Works Department)   23,249.72
Inventories, March 31st, 1937  .  16,785.70
$255,231.74
Less Essondale Clothing Account  $9,296.60
Less Saanich Clothing Account     1,360.00
Less inventories, March 31st, 1938   19,366.43
. —     30,023.03
Total, Public Hospital for Insane, New Westminster     $225,208.71
Provincial Mental Hospital, Essondale—
Total maintenance vouchers   $695,636.09
Proportion Psychopathic Division vouchers  .'.  12,207.43
Proportion Headquarters vouchers   14,559.77
Proportion Colony Farm expenditure   105,314.25
Maintenance and repairs (Public Works Department)   97,543.96
New Westminster Clothing Account   9,296.60
Inventories, March 31st, 1937   64,138.52
$998,696.62
Less inventories, March 31st, 1938        64,123.65
Total, Provincial Mental Hospital, Essondale        934,572.97
Mental Home, Saanich—
Total maintenance vouchers   $93,247.82
Proportion Psychopathic Division vouchers   1,285.00
Proportion Headquarters vouchers   1,532.61
Maintenance and repairs (Public Works Department)   4,946.08
New Westminster Clothing Account  1,360.00
Colony Farm Stock Account   951.37
Inventories, March 31st, 1937  7,608.29
$110,931.17
Less inventories, March 31st, 1938         8,108.75
Total, Mental Home, Saanich        102,822.42
Total operating expense for the three institutions $1,262,604.10
Less collections remitted to Treasury—
Public Hospital for Insane, New Westminster     $15,036.39
Mental Hospital, Essondale      173,468.25
Mental Home, Saanich        18,839.20
      207,343.84
Total net expense for the three institutions $1,055,260.26
Total daily average population for the three institutions, 3,396.10, showing a gross per
capita of $371.78 per year or $1,019 per day, or a net per capita cost of $310.73 per year or
85.13 cents per day. V 52 MENTAL HOSPITALS REPORT, 1937-38.
Table E.—Expense and Revenue Statement of the New Westminster Hospital
for 12 Months ended March 31st, 1938.
Operating Expense Accounts.
Operating expenditure by voucher—
Salaries —... $133,161.69
Less board and room       19,470.50
— •    $113,691.19
Office supplies—
Books and journals  $35.60
Postage and office supplies  583.55
Telephone and telegraph   624.05
  1,243.20
Travelling expenses   100.44
Fuel, water, light, and power—■
Fuel ...     $13,656.43
Water        2,784.13
Light and power         5,123.50
         21,564.06
Maintenance and repairs—Janitors' supplies   87.18
Furniture and fixtures—
Bedding  .  $916.57
Miscellaneous   781.83
Provisions—
Groceries   $20,520.01
Meat  8,242.14
Fish  .  1,618.15
Uniforms and clothing—
Clothing       $12,165.32
Boots and slippers         1,606.47
Medical and surgical supplies—
Drugs    $886.25
Instruments   259.70
Miscellaneous   578.67
Incidentals and unforeseen—
Amusements   $741.31
Gratuities   7.00
Funerals   270.00
Auto-repairs   .93
Gas and oil  317.00
Laundry supplies   546.17
Occupational therapy   168.08
Freight and cartage  81.85
Miscellaneous   1,597.19
1,698.40
30,380.30
13,771.79
1,724.62
3,729.53
Total expenditure for year by voucher     $187,990.71
Maintenance and repairs (expended through Public Works Department)         23,249.72
Proportion Psychopathic Division vote   2,570.00
Carried forward     $213,810.43 FINANCIAL TABLES. V 53
Table E.—Expense and Revenue Statement of New Westminster Hospital
for 12 Months ended March 31st, 1938—Continued.
Operating Expense Accounts—Continued.
Brought forward     $213,810.43
Proportion Headquarters vote ■_  3,065.22
Proportion Colony Farm vote          21,570.39
$238,446.04
Less Essondale Clothing Account  $9,296.60
Less Saanich Clothing Account     1,360.00
         10,656.60
$227,789.44
Summary of Profit and Loss Accounts.
Salaries 	
Expenses—
Office supplies
Travelling expenses 	
Fuel, water, light, and power
Maintenance and repairs	
Furniture and fixtures 	
Provisions 	
Uniforms and clothing	
Medical and surgical supplies
Incidentals and unforeseen	
Less Revenue Account (maintenance of patients and sundry
sales)  	
Yearly Per
Capita Cost.
$113,592.79
$213,356
1,591.74
2.990
366.52
0.688
21,599.90
40.570
23,147.83
43.477
887.34
1.667
49,192.98
92.397
9,280.94
17.432
1,724.62
3.239
3,824.05
7.182
$225,208.71
$422,998
15,036.39
28.242
Net cost of patients' maintenance to Government... $210,172.32 $394,756
Remarks.
Total patients in residence, New Westminster, March 31st, 1938.—    575
Daily average population in New Westminster for year     532.41
Gross maintenance per capita cost, one year  $422,998
Gross maintenance per capita cost, one day         1.159
Net maintenace per capita cost, one year     394.756
Net maintenance per capita cost, one day         1.082 V 54 MENTAL HOSPITALS REPORT, 1937-38.
Table F.—-Expense and Revenue Statement of the Essondale Hospital
for 12 Months ended March 31st, 1938.
Operating Expense Accounts.
Operating expenditure by voucher—
Salaries   $486,705.83
Less board and room     112,690.22
$374,015.61
Office supplies—
Books and journals  $47.60
Postage and office supplies        2,981.51
Telephone and telegraph         4,567.52
 ■ 7,596.63
Travelling expenses   3,296.11
Fuel, water, light, and power—■
Fuel      $61,207.73
Water        7,602.69
Light and power .      21,875.92
        90,686.34
Maintenance and repairs—Janitors' supplies   1,954.17
Furniture and fixtures—
Bedding        $9,459.09
Miscellaneous          5,989.34
        15,448.43
Provisions—
Groceries   $89,716.09
Meat   24,065.35
Fish    ,  7,681.73
Uniforms and clothing—
Clothing     $34,283.83
Boots and slippers         3,689.50
Medical and surgical supplies—
Drugs   $6,588.82
Instruments   193.70
Miscellaneous    >.  5,951.10
Examinations, committals, and transportation—
Examinations   $1,242.30
Committals  50.00
Transportation  6,937.83
Incidentals and unforeseen—
Amusements   $1,783.09
Gratuities    300.66
Funerals  1,822.50
Auto-tires   301.59
Auto-repairs   1,197.93
Gas and oil  1,106.46
Laundry supplies  1,040.66
Occupational therapy   739.64
121,463.17
37,973.33
12,733.62
8,230.13
Carried forward      $8,292.53    $673,397.54 FINANCIAL TABLES. V 55
Table F.—Expense and Revenue Statement of the Essondale Hospital
for 12 Months ended March 31st, 1938—Continued.
Operating Expense Accounts—Continued.
Brought forward       $8,292.53    $673,397.54
Operating expenditure by voucher—Continued.
Incidentals and unforeseen—Continued.
Freight and cartage  792.95
Miscellaneous       13,153.07
         22,238.55
Total expenditure for year by voucher   $695,636.09
Maintenance and repairs (expended through Public Works Department)   97,543.96
Proportion Psychopathic Division vote   12,207.43
Proportion Headquarters vote  14,559.77
Public Hospital for Insane Account  9,296.60
Proportion Colony Farm vote  105,314.25
$934,558.10
Summary of Profit and Loss Accounts.
Yearly Per
Capita Cost.
Salaries   $397,298.18 $152,680
Expenses—■
Office supplies         9,252.24 3.556
Travelling expenses         4,559.93 1.752
Fuel, water, light, and power       88,468.53 33.998
Maintenance and repairs       97,732.18 37.558
Furniture and fixtures        16,534.94 6.354
Provisions     229,406.74 88.160
Clothing, boots, and slippers       46,952.28 18.043
Medical and surgical supplies  ;       12,558.27 4.826
Examinations, committals, and transportation         8,230.13 3.163
Incidentals and unforeseen        23,579.55 9.061
$934,572.97 $359,151
Less Revenue Account (maintenance of patients and sundry
sales)       173,468.25 66.663
Net cost of patients' maintenance to Government... $761,104.72 $292,488
Remarks.
Total patients in residence, Essondale, March 31st, 1938  2,654
Daily average population in Essondale for year  2,602.17
Gross maintenance per capita cost, one year    $359,151
Gross maintenace per capita cost, one day  0.984
Net maintenance per capita cost, one year      292.488
Net maintenance per capita cost, one day         0.801 V 56
MENTAL HOSPITALS REPORT, 1937-38.
Table G.—Expense and Revenue Statement of the Saanich Hospital
for 12 Months ended March 31st, 1938.
Operating Expense Accounts.
Operating expenditure by voucher-
Salaries 	
Less board and room 	
Office supplies—
Postage and office supplies
Telephone and telegraph	
$61,130.22
9,994.00
$201.10
212.66
Travelling expenses   	
Fuel, water, light, and power—
Fuel       $5,682.83
Water           1,816.00
Light and power          1,114.82
Maintenance and repairs—Janitors' supplies
Furniture and fixtures—
Bedding	
Miscellaneous
Provisions—
Groceries
Meat 	
Fish 	
Uniforms  and  clothing-
Clothing 	
Boots and slippers .
Medical and surgical supplies-
Drugs 	
Instruments _.
Miscellaneous
Examinations, committals, and transportation—
Transportation 	
Incidentals and unforeseen—
Amusements	
Gratuities   ,	
Funerals   	
Auto-tires 	
Auto-repairs
Gas and oil ...
Laundry supplies	
Freight and cartage
Miscellaneous 	
Total expenditure for year by voucher
$704.90
57.86
$17,970.36
4,255.54
1,074.35
$3,908.28
652.81
$129.53
89.00
225.00
$620.43
18.25
387.50
74.40
71.97
307.38
144.83
103.03
1,671.98
Maintenance and repairs (expended through Public Works Department) _
Proportion Psychopathic Division vote 	
Proportion Headquarters vote	
$51,136.22
413.76
72.90
8,613.65
501.39
762.76
23,300.25
4,561.09
443.53
42.50
3,399.77
$93,247.82
4,946.08
1,285.00
1,532.61
Carried forward..
$101,011.51 FINANCIAL TABLES.
V 57
Table G.—Expense and Revenue Statement of the Saanich Hospital
for 12 Months ended March 31st, 1938—Continued.
Operating Expense Accounts—Continued.
Brought forward	
Public Hospital for Insane Account
Colony Farm Account 	
$101,011.51
1,360.00
951.37
$103,322.88
Summary of Profit and Loss Accounts.
Salaries _
Expenses-
Office supplies 	
Travelling expenses 	
Fuel, water, light, and power
Maintenance and repairs 	
Furniture and fixtures 	
Provisions 	
Uniforms and clothing
Medical and surgical supplies 	
Examinations, committals, and transportation
Incidentals and unforeseen 	
Less revenue account (maintenance of patients).
Yearly Per
Capita Cost.
$53,587.02 $204,906
588.03
205.94
8,627.44
5,314.36
964.04
24,552.49
5,181.45
443.53
42.50
3,315.62
$102,822.42
18,839.20
2.249
0.787
32.990
20.321
3.686
93.884
19.813
1.696
0.163
12.678
$393,173
72.038
Net cost of patients' maintenance to Government    $83,983.22 $321,135
Remarks.
Total patients in residence, Saanich, March 31st, 1938..
Daily average population in Saanich for year	
Gross maintenance per capita cost, one year	
Gross maintenance per capita cost, one day	
Net maintenance per capita cost, one year	
Net maintenance per capita cost, one day	
262
261.52
$393,173
1.077
321.135
0.880 V 58
MENTAL HOSPITALS REPORT, 1937-38.
Revenue of Mental Hospitals since Inception.
1873   $1,440.99 1920-21, Essondale   $46,418.81
1874   680.00 1920-21, Saanich  3,580.31
1875   1,342.60 1921-22, New Westminster   38,409.52
1876   730.31 1921-22, Essondale  43,078.91
1877   799.91 1921-22, Saanich  4,263.65
1878   479.42 1922-23, New Westminster  34,148.55
1879   867.38 1922-23, Essondale   48,448.69
1880   1,433.04 1922-23, Saanich  5,698.29
1881   614.99 1923-24, New Westminster   33,407.79.
1882   505.18 1923-24, Essondale  43,371.30
1883  ..  298.24 1923-24, Saanich  5,616.53
1884   98.35 1924-25, New Westminster   37,721.99
1885           1924-25, Essondale  49,929.43
1886   50.00 1924-25, Saanich  6,125.15
1887   720.59 1925-26, New Westminster   35,282.10
1888   750.00 1925-26, Essondale   63,151.50
1889   220.00 1925-26, Saanich  7,385.93
1890   599.24 1926-27, New Westminster   27,645.65
1891   761.15 1926-27, Essondale  63,943.08
1892 ..._  2,418.43 1926-27, Saanich   7,085.17
1893   1,585.40 1927-28, New Westminster   35,239.21
1894   2,709.53 1927-28, Essondale   75,720.87
1895   4,409.23 1927-28, Saanich  11,594.08
1896   3,741.71 1928-29, New Westminster   33,995.92
1897   3,816.80 1928-29, Essondale   88,206.54
1898   4,003.79 1928-29, Saanich  10,036.86
1899   4,769.04 1929-30, New Westminster   37,223.30
1900   6,893.33 1929-30, Essondale   86,727.37
1901   12,800.76 1929-30, Saanich  11,196.30
1902   10,926.23 1930-31, New Westminster   27,326.25
1903   13,639.64 1930-31, Essondale   89,920.81
1904   15,004.22 1930-31, Saanich  10,491.08
1905   16,613.18 1931-32, New Westminster   14,216.16
1906   19,058.42 1931-32, Essondale   100,887.75
1907   20,753.35 1931-32, Saanich  10,965.76
1908   25,807.83 1932-33, New Westminster   15,832.13
1909   25,845.65 1932h33, Essondale   115,905.35
1910   26,137.38 1932-33, Saanich  13,001.66
1911   30,100.20 1933-34, New Westminster   17,019.97
1912   35,151.97 1933-34, Essondale   123,324.03
1913   40,756.56 1933-34, Saanich  12,331.60
1914   42,731.83 1934-35, New Westminster   12,506.21
1915, New Westminster   18,046.21 1934-35, Essondale   126,033.66
1915, Essondale  16,329.72 1934-35, Saanich  13,699.69
1916, New Westminster  18,135.91 1935-36, New Westminster   12,678.57
1916, Essondale  21,889.74 1935-36, Essondale  140,809.77
1917, New Westminster   21,435.93 1935-36, Saanich  12,879.49
1917, Essondale  25,350.09 1936-37, New Westminster  15,195.74
1918, New Westminster   35,169.86 1936-37, Essondale   156,664.93
1918, Essondale   32,100.14 1936-37, Saanich   13,409.26
1919-20, New Westminster  45,921.06 1937-38, New Westminster  15,036.39
1919-20, Essondale   53,740.40 1937-38, Essondale   173,468.25
1919-20, Saanich   3,215.39 1937-38, Saanich    18,839.20
1920-21, New Westminster   38,323.55 TAILOR'S REPORT.
V 59
Revenue of Mental Hospitals since Inception—Continued.
1932-33, Collections under " Public Institutions Indemnification
(Municipalities) Act "   $296,662.50
1933-34, Collectable under " Public Institutions Indemnification
(Municipalities) Act "      309,907.00
1934-35, Collectable under " Public Institutions Indemnification
(Municipalities) Act "      329,569.00
1935-36, Collectable under " Public Institutions Indemnification
(Municipalities) Act "      339,471.00
1936-37, Collectable under " Public Institutions Indemnification
(Municipalities) Act "      350,121.50
TAILOR'S REPORT, 1937-38.
Mental Hospital, Essondale.
Uniform clothing—
160 uniform suits at $40 	
119 uniform pants at $10	
382 yards uniform grey serge at $4.25 ...
Stock—
34 camisoles at $1.75 	
Alterations—
97 suits altered at $1	
1 suit altered (special)
324 coats at 50 cents 	
204 vests at 25 cents	
414 pants at 25 cents 	
Pressing—
4,600 coats at 15 cents
4,758 pants at 10 cents
2,535 vests at 5 cents _
Repairs—
2,838 coats repaired and pressed at 35 cents _.
3,177 pants repaired and pressed at 25 cents
1,477 overalls repaired and pressed at 20 cents _
1,200 vests repaired and pressed at 20 cents 	
$6,400.00
1,190.00
1,623.50
$97.00
2.50
162.00
51.00
103.50
$690.00
475.80
126.75
$993.30
794.25
295.40
240.00
3,213.50
59.50
416.00
1,292.55
2,322.95
$13,304.50
Public Hospital for Insane, New Westminster.
Uniform clothing—
59 uniform suits at $40
52 uniform pants at $10
$2,360.00
520.00
$2,880.00
Carried forward.
$2,880.00 V 60
MENTAL HOSPITALS REPORT, 1937-38.
Public Hospital for Insane, New Westminster—Continued.
Brought forward..
Stock—
1 stock suit at $22 	
4 stock pants at $6.50	
10 boys' pants at $2.50 ...
33 camisoles at $1.75  (labour only)
2 camisoles at $3 	
3 camisoles at $2 (Kinloch Estate)
21 bed-ticks with walls at 50 cents .
14 bed-ticks, ordinary, at 35 cents —
9 bed-ticks, crib size, at 25 cents 	
26 pillow-ticks at 10 cents	
10 repair bags at 75 cents	
1 special overall 	
Alterations—
96 suits at $1 	
287 coats at 50 cents _
422 pants at 25 cents
243 vests at 25 cents ..
Repairs—
2,682 coats repaired and pressed at 35 cents 	
3,092 pants repaired and pressed at 25 cents ....
1,401 vests repaired and pressed at 20 cents 	
1,326 overalls repaired and pressed at 20 cents
$22.00
26.00
25.00
57.75
6.00
6.00
10.50
4.90
2.25
2.60
7.50
4.00
$96.00
143.50
105.50
60.75
$938.70
773.00
280.20
265.20
$2,880.00
174.50
405.75
2,257.10
Mental Home, Saanich.
Uniform clothing—
27 uniform suits at $40 _
28 uniform pants at $10
$1,080.00
280.00
$5,717.35
$1,360.00
Statement of Tailor-shop, 1937-38.
Production—
For Mental Hospital, Essondale   $13,304.50
For Public Hospital for Insane, New Westminster      5,717.35
For Mental Home, Saanich       1,360.00
$20,381.85
Material on hand, March 31st, 1938        5,756.85
Costs—
Material on hand, March 31st, 1937
Salaries—
Tailors 	
Seamstresses 	
$26,138.70
$6,818.22
$7,948.16
3,160.00
     11,108.16
Carried forward..
$17,926.38 $26,138.70 SHOEMAKER'S REPORT.
V 61
Statement of Tailor-shop, 1937-38—Continued.
Brought forward,                             .
$17,926.38
160.00
8,008.17
$26,138.70
26,094.55
Costs—Continued.
Electric power       $100.00
Electric light _■   ..                                                                                60.00
Material purchases, 1937-38                  	
Profit on operations 	
$44.15
$20.00
3.60
$23.60
2,165.80
SHOEMAKER'S REPORT, 1937-38.
Mental Hospital, Essondale.
New work—
2 pairs men's special boots 	
3 dozen key-straps     ..                   ...    .
Repairs—
733 pairs boots   	
$1,516.95
648.85
941 pairs  slippers      ...   	
Public Hospital for Insane, New Westminster.
New work—
5 pairs men's work boots 	
2 pairs men's oxfords 	
Repairs—
503 pairs boots and slippers 	
$36.50
13.00
$2,189.40
$49.50
680.65
Statement of Shoemaker-shop, 1937-38.
Production—
For Mental Hospital, Essondale       _     ....   	
$2,189.40
730.15
$730.15
$3,092.30
2,809.77
For Public Hospital for Insane, New Westminster    .. ..    ....
Material on hand, March 31st, 1938 	
Costs—
Salary of shoemaker     _          _
$2,919.55
172.75
$1,692.00
766.68
35.00
316.09
Material purchased      .     ...        .     ..   .
Light and power             ......         ...   	
Material on hand, March 31st, 1937 	
Profit on operations 	
$282.53 V 62
MENTAL HOSPITALS REPORT, 1937-38.
PRODUCTION TABLES.
Articles made by Female Patients, Public Hospital for Insane, New Westminster,
Year ended March 31st, 1938.
Aprons 	
Bureau-covers
Caps 	
Chemises 	
Cuffs  (pairs)  	
Curtains (pairs)
Dresses 	
Handkerchiefs
468
125
68
280
170
34
357
222
146
160
784
Neckties	
Petticoats 	
Pillow-slips 	
Sheets     1,097
Table-cloths   35
Towels        262
Tray-cloths         35
Repaired at Public Hospital for Insane, New Westminster,
Year ended March 31st, 1938.
Aprons ..
       527
        309
       101
     1,002
Petticoats   ..
        492
Blankets .   .    .          	
Pillow-slips ..    .        .
208
Blouses 	
Chemises	
Sheets	
Shirts
        628
1,661
Coats (white) 	
Drawers            	
          60
     1,741
     1,851
     1,727
Socks (pairs) 	
Sweaters 	
Table-cloths      	
     2,085
          64
Dresses 	
54
Hose                           	
Ticks
115
Overalls 	
        658
Towels  	
        225
Work done by Male Patients, Public Hospital for Insane, New Westminster,
Year ended March 31st, 1938.
Auto-truck
Baker 	
Carpenter .
Days.
  359
  955
  710
  537
  6,468
  198
  4,846
  1,649
  1,957
Kitchen   2,607
Laundry ..  2,228
Cemetery grounds
Dining-rooms 	
Engineer  	
Farmer 	
Florist 	
Garden  	
Lawns 	
Painter	
Plasterer and mason
Plumber 	
Porter 	
Piggery 	
Scullery 	
Shoemaker 	
Store 	
Tailor 	
Teamster 	
Days.
1,881
889
220
554
1,092
2,426
807
929
276
865
365
Supplies produced at New Westminster, 1937-38.
Fruit.
Apples, lb.   20,180 Currants, black, lb.
Cherries, lb.         180 Rhubarb, lb. 	
Strawberries, lb.     2,760 Plums, lb	
Raspberries, lb.      3,495 Prunes, lb.	
Gooseberries, lb.           60 Pears, lb.
Currants, red, lb.         520
35
7,950
495
450
2,175 PRODUCTION TABLES.
V 63
Supplies produced at New Westminster, 1937-38—Continued.
Vegetables.
Beans, green, lb.
Beets, lb. 	
Carrots, lb. 	
Cabbage, lb.	
Cauliflower, lb. .
Corn, ears 	
  650
  4,025
    6,360
  3,320
  60
  2,880
Cucumbers, lb.   1,675
Lettuce, lb.   6,280
Mint, bunches  44
Parsley, lb.   48
Vegetable marrow, lb.   1,360
Onions, cured, lb.     6,890
Onions, green,   lb.
Peas, green, lb.	
Parsnips, lb. 	
Pumpkins, lb. 	
Potatoes, lb. 	
Radishes, lb. 	
Spinach, lb.
Tomatoes, ripe, lb.
Turnips, lb. 	
1,850
1,435
6,000
850
5,550
270
2,200
250
1,750
Supplies produced at Colquitz, 1937-38.
Fruit.
Apples, lb. 	
Raspberries, lb.
2,065
370
Pears, lb.
Plums, lb.
265
3
Vegetables.
Beans, string, lb.   865
Beets, lb.   2,620
Brussels sprouts, lb.   260 .
Cabbage, lb.   5,932
Carrots, lb.   13,080
Cauliflower, lb.   410
Celery, heads   174
Corn, green, ears   8,000
Cueurnbers, lb   944
Kale, lb  155
Leeks, lb.   1,370
Lettuce, heads  1,530
Onions, lb.   3,702
Onions, green, lb.
Parsnips, lb. 	
Peas, green, lb.	
  966
  4,195
  930
Potatoes, new, lb.  4,055
  44,305
  255
  3,136
  215
  145
  650
  409
Potatoes, lb.  .	
Pumpkin, lb. 	
Rhubarb, lb. 	
Spinach, lb. 	
Squash, lb.	
Swiss chard, lb. 	
Tomatoes, greenhouse, lb. 	
Tomatoes, outside, lb.         2,233
Tomatoes, green, lb.         617
Farm Products.
Chicken, lb.
Beef, lb. .....
Ducks, lb. ...
Eggs, doz. .
Milk, lb	
.. 1,657
. 1,657
.. 2,393
.. 1,634
.100,314
Pigeons, lb.
Pork, lb. .	
Rabbits, lb.
Turkey, lb. .
Veal, lb. .....
17
11,418
832
119
760
Ham, lb.
Cured Meats.
1,754 Bacon, lb.
1,693
Hay, oat, lb. —
Hay, clover, lb.
Crops, 1937.
4,000
7,000
Hay, wheat, lb.
15,000
Mangels, lb  36,000 V 64
MENTAL HOSPITALS REPORT, 1937-38.
Occupational Therapy, Mental Hospital, Essondale, Year ended March 31st, 1938.
1937.
April
May ..
June .
July _.
August	
September
October .....
November .
December .
1938.
January ....
February _.
March 	
Wood-working Department.
Cost of Materials.
.... $92.25
.... 129.75
64.60
26.65
55.25
37.75
... 111.20
42.25
87.65
63.85
43.75
46.70
$801.65
Value.
$288.00
329.00
175.75
73.85
149.50
175.00
350.50
173.50
300.00
190.20
188.50
193.50
$2,587.30
Upholstering Department.
1937.
April 	
May 	
June	
July 	
August 	
September
October	
November .
December ..
1938.
January ....
February ..
March 	
Cost of Materials.
.... $199.80
.... 167.30
.... 227.20
.... 188.75
.... 175.10
.... 166.35
.... 151.15
.... 204.30
.... 106.25
147.70
144.80
238.20
2,116.90
Value.
$370.00
319.00
388.75
336.90
320.40
306.00
304.15
410.00
265.25
308.30
309.00
427.20
$4,064.95
Weaving and Basketry Department.
1937.
April 	
May 	
June	
July 	
August	
September
October .	
November .
December ..
1938.
January ....
February ..
March	
Value only.
... $12.50
... 15.50
... 35.00
... 56.25
.. 42.50
- 33.00
... 36.25
.. 18.50
_ 29.50
.. 26.25
.. 69.75
.. 51.75
$426.75 PRODUCTION TABLES.
V 65
Occupational Therapy, Mental Hospital, Essondale, Year ended
March 31st, 1938—Sewing-room.
New Garments made by Patients.
Bags, laundry	
Bags, Christmas candy .
Bloomers 	
Combinations 	
Covers, bed-pan 	
Covers, hot-water bottle
Covers, screen 	
Covers, table	
Covers, dresser	
Cloths, dining 	
Cloths, face	
Cloths, silence	
Caps, cooks 	
Caps, milkers 	
Curtains, pairs 	
Curtain tie-backs, pairs
Cushions 	
Diapers	
Dresses, print 	
Dresses, strong 	
Aprons
Bibs
Belts ....
16
1,100
593
46
30
14
42
43
77
68
100
6
26
36
22
40
5
54
976
214
Glove cases, pairs
Gowns, night
Gowns, open back
20
1,243
6
Gowns, shirts       180
Gowns, baby 	
Gowns, isolation
Pillow-slips :.
Rompers	
Slips 	
Sheets, draw	
Sheets, nurses 	
Sheets, hospital ..
Stupe wringers ...
Towels, tea 	
Towels, roller	
Towels, hand	
Vests	
Ward sweaters ...
Miscellaneous __
Nurses' Uniforms.
...     685 Caps	
..    450 Cuffs  ...
297 Dresses
6
6
3,405
6
437
24
129
3,374
22
283
402
241
741
37
249
122
105
329
Aprons
Belts ....
Nurses' Mending.
332
88
Dresses
173
Patients' Mending.
Blankets .
Bloomers
Coats 	
Drawers .
Dresses ...
Gowns, night
Gowns, shirt
Overalls 	
Pants 	
560
1,080
1,680
4,134
3,648
140
2,400
960
1,080
Pillow-slips .
Sheets	
Spreads 	
Socks, pairs
Slips 	
Undershirts ...
Vests	
Top shirts	
Miscellaneous
_ 1,308
_ 2,400
.. 720
.14,086
_ 720
_ 3,320
. 1,160
_ 3,364
.. 3,064
Sale of handicraft articles made by patients in Occupational Therapy, $485. V 66 MENTAL HOSPITALS REPORT, 1937-38.
PART III—COLONY FARM.
FARM SUPERINTENDENT'S REPORT.
Essondale, B.C., September 2nd, 1938.
A. L. Crease, Esq., M.D., CM.,
General Superintendent of Mental Hospitals, Essondale, B.C.
Sir,—I wish to submit for your approval a statement concerning the various farm operations at Colony Farm for the year ended March 31st, 1938.
Our farming operations generally are comparable in scale to those of last year. We have
almost arrived at the point where we can not greatly intensify our present farming methods
and still maintain all of our present varied interests.
In a broad, general way I may say that our chief projects are as follows: Milk production, in which our main concern is to grow sufficient ensilage and root-crops for our cattle,
these crops being the least readily procurable; building an increasing pork-supply sufficient
for the needs of the institution;   and a sufficiency of vegetables and canned fruits.
Through intensive efforts, our 1937 yields of silage and root-crops were very satisfactory,
there being ample for our needs and very little spoilage. The growing of these crops has
necessitated a further reduction of acreage in hay and grains.
Operations in connection with the herd of Holstein-Friesians have been intensified, every
effort being given to milk production coincident with strength and conformation, and I am
pleased to say that the average milk production per cow this year shows an increase as compared to last year.    The general sound health of the cattle has been maintained and improved.
We have had a very successful year also with regard to sale of surplus breeding-cattle
stock. In addition to supplying twenty-five head of breeding cattle to British Columbia
buyers, we have sold thirty-two head in the following numbers to breeders in the United States,
Canada, and other countries: Five head to China, five head to South Africa, two head to
Arizona, two head to Michigan, one to Missouri, one to Saskatchewan, two to Manitoba, two
to Alberta, four to Illinois, three to California, one to Montana, one to Wisconsin, one to
North Carolina, one to Minnesota, and one to Ohio.
Pork production has been increased with the institution's growth to the point where we
are really taxed for room and facilities, since we now carry some 900 to 1,000 hogs in approximately the same quarters which housed some 800 hogs two years ago.
The sound health of our swine has been remarkably well maintained during the past year.
The average number of hogs weaned per litter and raised was most satisfactory.
In spite of the increased demand for pork by the institution, we have had sufficient hogs
to supply 183 head of excellent breeding stock to Canadian and American buyers. Twelve
head of our good Yorkshires were sold to the United States.
The number of horses has been kept up, our average number of four colts per year having
been foaled and now well on the way to growing into good replacements.
With regard to potatoes, we have had a much more successful year than last year, some
690 tons being produced from 48 acres, which averages out at 14 tons per acre, a creditable
average on peaty soil.
Other garden produce was good in quality, but we still fall short of total institution
requirements.
Cannery production for the year finished shows an increase over the previous year. In
some lines our pack this year will carry us over almost into the 1939 canning season.
The success of our farm operations has been due in large measure to the willing and
intelligent service of all members of the farm staff.
All of which is respectfully submitted.
P. H. Moore,
Farm Superintendent. COLONY FARM. V 67
BURSAR'S REPORT ON COLONY FARM.
Essondale, B.C., September 6th, 1938.
A. L. Crease, Esq., M.D., CM.,
General Superintendent of Mental Hospitals, Essondale, B.C.
Sir,—I have the honour to submit herewith balance-sheet, profit and loss statements,
together with various cost-sheets covering all departments of the Colony Farm for the fiscal
year ended March 31st, 1938.
It is to be noted that profit for the year of $34,370.73 is $18,035.94 over that of the
previous year. This is due largely to increased profits in the Hog Department, the Crop
Department, and to increased sales of produce and live stock. There was remitted to the
Treasury the sum of $17,528.27 from such sales, as against $10,336.95 in the year previous.
The Mental Hospitals have been supplied with produce to the value of $177,858.35 divided
as follows:—
Provincial Mental Hospital, Essondale  $153,250.09
Public Hospital for Insane, New Westminster       23,656.89
Mental Home, Saanich  951.37
This consists of dairy produce to the value of $66,051.36; fresh and canned fruits and
vegetables, $60,047.40;   meats, $44,451.91;   and miscellaneous, $7,217.68.
Milk production totalled 2,749,212 lb., an average of slightly over 3% tons per day, and
the cost of production, pasteurizing, etc., figures out at 22.97 cents per gallon, an increase of
2.58 cents per gallon over the 1936-37 figure, due to heavily increased feed costs during the
earlier part of the year.
All crops showed a fair yield and profit. Despite a potato-crop of 693 tons, it was necessary to buy a few additional tons to carry through until the early potatoes of the new crop
came in.
Complete details of production and costs will be found in tables accompanying this report.
All of which is respectfully submitted.
Gowan S. Macgowan,
Bursar. V 68 MENTAL HOSPITALS REPORT, 1937-38.
BALANCE-SHEET, COLONY FARM.
April 1st, 1937, to March 31st, 1938.
Assets.
Land Account—
Colony Farm  $117,484.86
Wilson Ranch     108,164.35
  $225,649.21
Building and plant ....     251,843.38
Water system          4,411.25
Bridge        7,571.89
Fencing pavement, etc.        68,818.67
Equipment        23,002.95
Live stock—
Bulls, as per inventory   $2,600.00
Cows, as per inventory   45,005.00
Yearlings, as per inventory   8,459.81
Calves, as per inventory   678.81
Work-horses, as per inventory  7,140.00
Hogs, as per inventory  14,292.37
       78,175.99
Sundry inventories—
Feed        $19,629.19
Gasoline   11.73
Pork products  360.27
Orchard and truck-garden        11,147.00
       31,148.19
Accounts receivable        2,787.35
Growing Crops Apportionment Account  :         4,949.97
Liabilities.
Surplus Account  $520,891.10
Less patient labour .       19,000.00
Profits to March 31st, 1937   $162,097.02
Profit for year       34,370.73
$698,358.85
$501,891.10
196,467.75
$698,358.85 COLONY FARM.
V 69
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V V 70 MENTAL HOSPITALS REPORT, 1937-38.
DAIRY AND HERDS DEPARTMENT.
Profit and Loss Account, March 31st, 1938.
Expenses.
Total expense for year     $65,009.74
Production.
Dairy-produce supplies     $75,053.97
Ice supplies  265.50
Allowance for manure         1,590.00
       76,909.47
Profit for year     $11,899.73
Production and Costs Account, March 31st, 1938.
Dairy—
Salaries and upkeep       $2,405.57
Fuel ....  635.96
       $3,041.53
General herd—
Salaries and upkeep :.     $23,803.76
Feed        36,919.45
Pasture _•_ ". ZZ       1,245.00
      61,968.21
$65,009.74
Less allowance for manure        $1,590.00
Less allowance for ice  265.50
        1,855.50
$63,154.24
; Milk Production for Year 1937-38.
Production.
1937. "    Lb. Cost.
April  230,145 	
May   251,595 	
June   244,662 	
July  244,450 	
August  235,480 	
September   228,043 	
October   228,760 	
November  213,055 	
December  221,255 	
1938.
January   221,855 	
February   203,605 	
March  226,307 	
2,749,212 $63,154.24
Average cost of production, pasteurizing, etc., 22.97 cents per gallon. COLONY FARM.
V 71
MATURE COW DEPARTMENT.
Profit and Loss Account, March 31st, 1938.
Asset Value.
      $475.00
        550.00
 '.     3,875.00
21 cows butchered (15,671 lb. beef)      3,177.50
Gain on inventory  	
2 cows died	
3 cows destroyed
27 cows sold 	
Loss
$8,077.50
6,717.22
$1,360.28
Selling-price.
$3,233.39
1,488.73
1,995.10
$6,717.22
CALVES DEPARTMENT.
Profit and Loss Account, March 31st, 1938.
6 calves died ..        _     ...   .  . ...
Asset Value.
        $43.63
Selling-price.
6 calves destroyed     . .                                 ..... ..
                              56.34
36 calves sold               ..                  .    ..
                            943.94
$4,320.00
58 calves vealed (6,309 lb. veal)      	
        645.09
820.17
Hides sold           .        . .   ...   	
18.28
$1,689.00
$5,158.45
1,689.00
Profit         	
$3,469.45
YEARLING DEPARTMENT.
Profit and Loss Account, March 31st, 1938.
2 yearlings sold	
3 yearlings butchered (1,649 lb. beef)
Manure credit	
Asset Value.
$209.30
346.95
$556.25
Selling-price.
$110.00
156.65
360.00
$626.65
556.25
Profit
$70.40 V 72
MENTAL HOSPITALS REPORT, 1937-38.
4 animals sold   ..
BULL DEPARTMENT.
Profit and Loss Account, March 31st,
1938.
Asset Value-
      $528.63
Selling-price.
$503.63
Gain on inventory ...
197.20
$528.63
$700.83
528.63
Profit 	
$172.20
WORK-HORSE DEPARTMENT.
Sales and Deaths Account, March 31st, 1938.
Asset Value.
2 horses sold                                   $110.00
Selling-price.
$50.00
2 horses destroyed                                                                                  .                115.00
Gain on inventory  	
925.00
$225.00
$975.00
225.00
Profit                      	
$750.00
Work-horse Labour Account, March 31st, 1938.
Salaries and upkeep      .        .... .       ....           ..   .... ...     	
$10,059.70
5,537.01
Less credit for manure, etc.     	
$15,596.71
225.50
Horse-labour charged to crop and other departments at 35 cents per hour	
$15,371.21
15,881.77
Profit     .        ...
$510.56
Note.—Against cost of $15,371.21, 45,376% hours of horse-labour were performed at a
cost of 33.87 cents per horse-hour.
Horse-labour performed, March 31st, 1938.
1937.
April 	
May 	
June	
July 	
August	
September
October	
November .
December ..
Hours.
3,628%
3,933 %
3,408
4,325
4,253
3,927
3,288
3,612%
3,562
Cost.
Carried forward
33,937% COLONY FARM.
V 73
1938.
January _
February
March	
WORK-HORSE DEPARTMENT—Continued.
Horse-labour performed, March 31st, 1938—Continued.
Brought forward
Hours.
33,937%
3,816
3,629
3,994
45,376%
Less credit for manure      $215.00
Less shoeing for Boys' Industrial School         10.50
Cost.
$15,596.71
225.50
$15,371.21
HOG DEPARTMENT.
Profit and Loss Account, March 31st, 1938.
Receipts.
By sales—
Live hogs
$3,013.72
Pork, bacon, etc., supplied to Essondale Hospital     38,048.73
Pork, bacon, etc., supplied to New Westminster Hospital       3,196.26
Pork, bacon, etc., supplied to Home for the Aged       1,539.80
Inventory, March 31st, 1938-
Feed	
Hogs	
Expenses.
Salaries and upkeep
Feed	
Horse-labour	
Truck	
Tractor 	
Inventory, March 31st, 1937—
Feed 	
Hogs	
$45,798.51
$360.27
14,292.37
14,652.64
$6,259.81
16,276.84
216.70
593.50
36.50
$23,383.35
$355.18
10,776.25
11,131.43
5,451.15
34,514.78
Profit
$25,936.37 V 74
MENTAL HOSPITALS REPORT, 1937-38.
CANNERY.
Profit and Loss Account, March 31st, 1938.
Production.
Supplies to Essondale Hospital	
Supplies to New Westminster Hospital
Repairs 	
Salaries 	
Sugar and spices	
Cans	
Fruit 	
Truck-haulage 	
Fuel	
Light, power, and water 	
Inventory, March 31st, 1937
Expenses.
$30,692.27
2,035.25
$141.34
2,565.00
3,705.77
3,963.33
8,118.45
267.50
1,000.00
1,000.00
3,548.36
$32,727.52
24,309.75
Profit
3,417.77
ORCHARD AND TRUCK-GARDEN.
Profit and Loss Account, March 31st, 1938.
Receipts.
Produce supplied to Essondale Hospital	
Produce supplied to New Westminster Hospital
Produce supplied to Home for the Aged	
Produce supplied to Cannery	
Inventory, March 31st, 1938 	
Expenses.
Vouchers	
Horse-labour 	
Seeds, fertilizer, etc. 	
Inventory, March 31st, 1937
Profit
$10,120.75
198.50
808.20
418.66
11,147.00
$2,554.88
1,952.83
1,250.95
11,347.50
$22,693.11
17,106.16
$5,586.95 COLONY FARM. V 75
CROP DEPARTMENT.
Potatoes—Profit and Loss Account, March 31st, 1938.
Production.
Yield of crop, 1,386,137 lb     $16,633.64
Expenses.
Plough and disk  -.  $686.15
Manure   1,654.65
Fertilizer    669.10
Seed and planting   1,060.35
Cultivate and hill  ;....,  505.87
Dig and haul ......  725.82
        5,301.94
Profit       $11,331.70
Field No. W.R. 4, 8 acres; Field No. W.R. 5, 11 acres;  Field No. W.R. 8, 29 acres;  total,
48 acres.    Yield per acre, 14.43 tons;   cost per ton, $7.65.
Oats—Profit and Loss Account, March 31st, 1938.
Production.
$677.32
Yield of straw, 76,000 lb. ...
Plough and disk ...        	
Expenses.
Fertilizer    ..    .. 	
Seed and seeding ...          ..     .       ..     .
Harrow and care .. ...     	
Cut and haul                	
Thresh . ..    .
Bale straw	
266.00
$161.45
52.95
128.95
23.27
81.03
56.97
63.65
$943.32
568.27
Profit  $375.05
Field No. 2, 8 acres;  Field No. 8, 19 acres; total, 27 acres.    Yield per acre, 1,792 lb. oats
and 1.59 tons straw.    Cost per ton of oats, $18.77, and of straw, $3.
Hay—Profit and Loss Account, March 31st, 1938.
Production.
Yield of hay, 118,800 lb.   $712.80
Expenses.
Manure          $187.97
Fertilizer and lime  109.60
Mow, rake, and haul  236.73
Bale ;  57.52
  591.82
Profit         $120.98
Field No. W.R. 1, 14 acres;  Field No. W.R. 3, 10 acres.    Total, 24 acres.    Yield per acre,
2.47 tons;  cost per ton, $9.96. V 76                                 MENTAL HOSPITALS REPORT, 1937-38.
CROP DEPARTMENT—Continued.
Ensilage—Profit and Loss Account, March 31st, 1938.
Production.
Yield of ensilage, corn, oats, peas, clover, etc., 878 tons         .
$2,634.00
Expenses.
Plough and disk     .                                            $241.25
Manure                                                                      275.70
Fertilizer              .                                                   169.60
Seed and seeding                                                                  540.98
Cultivate and harrow                                                              111 08
Cut and haul                                                  1,065.75
Fill silo                                          137.50
2,541.86
Profit	
$92.14
Field No. 2, 26 acres;  Field No. 5, 30 acres;   Field No. 6, 5 acres;  Field No. 7
Field No. 8, 20 acres;   Field No. W.R. 2, 25 acres;   Field No. W.R. 7, 52 acres;
acres.    Yield per acre, 5.02 tons  (cured silage);   cost per ton, $2.89.
Carrots—Profit and Loss Account, March 31st, 1938.
Production.
Yield of carrots, 83,600 lb. 	
17 acres;
total, 175
$668.80
Expenses.
Plough and disk   ...                                                          $28 60
Manure               50.00
Fertilizer  ._                                     32.150
Seed and drilling                                                  27.50
Cultivate                                                   50.55
Harvest and haul                                                                     32 40
221.55
Profit     .
$447.25
Field No. 1, 0.50 acre;   Station field, 2 acres;   total, 2.50 acres.    Yield per acre, 16.72
tons;   cost per ton, $5.30.
Roots—Profit and Loss Account, March 31st, 1938.
Production.
Yield of roots, 1,357,800 lb       $3,394.50
Expenses.
Plough and disk  $132.00
Manure   560.05
Fertilizer  246.00
Seed and drilling   208.73
Cultivate   140.95
Harvest and haul   223.30
        1,511.03
Profit      $1,883.47
Field No. 8, 17 acres;   Station field, 2 acres;  total, 19 acres.    Yield per acre, 35.73 tons;
cost per ton, $2.23. COLONY FARM.
V 77
CROP DEPARTMENT—Continued.
Onions—Profit and Loss Account, March 31st, 1938.
Production.
Yield of onions—
1,395 lb. green onions 	
....     ...         $139.50
10,985 lb. cured onions   ..
302.09
Expenses.
$441.59
Plough and disk 	
            $19.23
Manure 	
              35.40
Fertilizer and spray 	
             31.77
Seed and drilling  	
              20.00
Cultivate 	
18.23
Harvest	
              16.45
141.08
.Profit 	
$300.51
Field No. 2, 2 acres.    Yield per acre, 2.746 tons ripe onions and 697 lb. green onions.
Cost per ton, ripe onions $13 and green onions 5 cents per lb.
Wheat—Profit and Loss Account, March 31st, 1938.
Production.
Yield of wheat, 5,355 lb.
Plough and disk
Manure 	
Fertilizer 	
Expenses.
Seed and seeding
Cut and haul	
Thresh 	
$6.00
9.00
1.60
9.00
23.10
7.70
Profit
Field No. W.R. 7, 3 acres.    Yield per acre, 1,785 lb.;   cost per ton, $21.07.
$80.32
56.40
$23.92
Pasturage—Profit and Loss Account, March 31st, 1938.
Production.
Manure            	
Expenses.
          $950.17
Fertilizer and lime
            782.25
Harrow         .     	
              49.52
Mow               	
              72.80
1,854.74
Profit
$360.26 V 78
MENTAL HOSPITALS REPORT, 1937-38.
629 hours' work
Salaries
Repairs .
Gasoline, oil, etc.
Profit
TRACTOR.
Profit and Loss Account, March 31st, 1938.
Expenses.
$200.00
154.60
227.06
$629.00
581.66
$47.34
1,736 hours' work
Salaries
Repairs .
Gasoline, oil, etc.
Profit ..
TRUCK.
Profit and Loss Account, March 31st, 1938.
Expenses.
$1,000.00
121.89
285.68
$1,736.00
1,407.57
$328.43
GENERAL EXPENSES OF MAINTENANCE AND ADMINISTRATION.
Profit and Loss Account, March 31st, 1938.
Salaries and vouchers	
$17,023.26
Horse-labour       .... .         ...
717.50
Fuel  	
145.00
Gasoline      . .. .     .._.     ...    .......    ...
212.43
Tractor use   ..         ._             	
57.00
Truck use    —   	
...              162.50
$18,317.69
Proportion of Headquarters expense       ._
Loss on inventories of equipment   	
      $2,394.70
         1,646.31
General repairs through Public Works Department 	
.....   .       13,655.48
17,696.49
Less sundry credits 	
$36,014.18
309.67
$35,704.51 COLONY FARM. V 79
MISCELLANEOUS STATEMENTS, INVENTORIES, ETC.
Essondale Hospital—Produce supplied by Colony Farm, March 31st, 1938.
Dairy produce—■
Milk, 1,687,860 lb     $47,260.08
Cream, 4,000% lb.   800.10
Table-cream, 68,810 lb         6,881.00
$54,941.18
Meats—
Veal, 6,309 lb.  .  $820.17
Beef, 17,320 lb. ....  1,645.38
Pork roasts, 78,529 lb. .  21,202.83
Hams and bacon, 15,573 lb.   4,671.90
Salt pork, 8,101 lb :.  2,025.25
Ribs, etc., 28,833 lb.   2,883.30
Lard, 12,438 lb  1,865.70
Sausage, 17,759 lb.   4,439.75
Fancy meats, 3,200 lb.   960.00
Fruits and vegetables—
Fresh     $23,271.13
Canned           28,871.82
40,514.28
52,142.95
Sundries—
Horse-labour   $5,040.00
Gasoline   64.09
Ice   265.50
Miscellaneous (straw, bran, etc.)   249.09
Truck-work i  33.00
5,651.68
$153,250.09
New Westminster Hospital—Produce supplied by Colony Farm, March 31st, 1938.
Dairy produce—
Milk, 351,760 lb.        $9,849.28
Cream, 874% lb.     174.90
Table-cream, 10,860 lb.          1,086.00
     $11,110.18
Meats—
Pork roasts, 11,838 lb          3,196.26
Fruits and vegetables—
Fresh       $3,928.75
Canned 1 =        3,855.70
        7,784.45
Sundries—
Horse-labour  $1,470.00
Miscellaneous (straw, bran, etc.)   78.00
Truck-work    18.00
1,566.00
$23,656.89 V 80
MENTAL HOSPITALS REPORT, 1937-38.
MISCELLANEOUS STATEMENTS, INVENTORIES, ETC.—Continued.
Accounts receivable, March 31st, 1938.
Sundry amounts due from live stock, etc., sold        $2,787.35
Remittances to Treasury.
Sundry remittances to Treasury during the year 1937-38 in payment of live stock
and produce sales 	
$17,528.27
Summary of Equipment Inventories, March 31st, 1938.
Equipment in dairy	
Equipment in cannery	
Horse and cattle barns and piggery
Farm implements
Pumping-stations and land-clearing
Butcher-shops 	
Carpenter-shop 	
Blacksmith-shop	
Sundry equipment	
$4,221.65
2,396.95
1,662.50
8,190.30
5,093.00
219.50
373.70
433.85
411.50
$23,002.95
Orchard and Small Fruits.
Apple-trees .
Pear-trees _
Cherry-trees
Prune-trees _
Plum-trees ...
Strawberry-plants
Raspberry-canes ...
Gooseberry-bushes
Rhubarb-clumps  ...
Currant-bushes 	
Bees and bee-supplies, etc.
$1,324.00
1,425.00
499.00
1,560.00
1,727.00
240.00
2,250.00
570.00
500.00
450.00
$10,545.00
602.00
$11,147.00
VICTORIA, B.C.:
Printed by Charles F. Banfield, Printer to the King's Most Excellent Majesty.
1938.
425-938-5697

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