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DEPARTMENT OF PROVINCIAL SECRETARY ANNUAL REPORT OF THE MENTAL HOSPITALS OF THE PROVINCE OF BRITISH COLUMBIA… British Columbia. Legislative Assembly 1924

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 r
DEPARTMENT OF PROVINCIAL SECRETARY
ANNUAL EEPOET
OP   THE
MENTAL HOSPITALS
OF   THE
PROVINCE OF BRITISH COLUMBIA
FOR 12 MONTHS ENDED MARCH 31ST
1924
PRINTED   BY
AUTHORITY OF THE  LEGISLATIVE ASSEMBLY.
VICTOKIA, B.C.:
Printed by Charles F. Banfield, Printer to the .King's Most Excellent Majesty.
1924.  To His Honour Walter Cameron Nichol,
Lieutenant-Governor of the Province of British Columbia.
May it please Your Honour:
The undersigned respectfully submits herewith the Annual Beport of the
Medical Superintendent of the Mental Hospitals for the fiscal year ended March
31st, 1924.
j. d. Maclean,
Provincial Secretary.
Provincial Secretary's Office. TABLE  OF CONTENTS.
PART   I.—MEDICAL.
Page.
Officers and Staff, List of  7
Report—General Medical Superintendent  9
Report, Laboratory—Director of Laboratory  14
Report—Visiting Dentist  14
Statistical Tables—
1. Movement of Population during Year  15
2. Summary of Operations of Hospitals since Inception ,  17
3a. Admissions, Discharges, and Deaths, New Westminster  18
3b. Admissions, Discharges, and Deaths, Essondale  18
3c. Admissions, Discharges, and Deaths, Saanich  19
4. Civil State of Patients admitted  19
5. Religious Denominations of Patients  19
6. Educational Status of Patients  20
7. Nationality of Patients  20
8. Districts from which Patients were admitted   21
9. Occupation of Patients prior to Admission  22
10. Age of Patients on Admission  23
11. Number of Attacks at Time of Admission  23
12. Alleged Duration of Attack prior to Admission ,  23
13. Table of Heredity  24
14. Alleged Cause of Insanity in Patients admitted  24
15. State of Bodily Health of Patients admitted   21
16. Form of Mental Disorder in Patients admitted  25
17a. Probation, Number allowed out on, New Westminster  25
17b. Probation, Number allowed out on, Essondale  25
17c Probation, Number allowed out on, Saanich  26
18a. Discharges, showing Alleged Duration of Insanity, New Westminster   26
18b. Discharges, showing Alleged Duration of Insanity, Essondale  26
18c Discharges, showing Alleged Duration of Insanity, Saanich   26
19a. Discharges, showiug Length of Residence in Hospital and Condition at Time of
Discharge, New Westminster  27
19b. Discharges, showing Length of Residence in Hospital and Condition at Time of
Discharge, Essondale   27
19c. Discharges, showing Length of Residence in Hospital and Condition at Time of
Discharge, Saanich   27
20a. Deaths, Cause of, and Length of Time in Hospital, New Westminster   28
20b. Deaths, Cause of, and Length of Time in Hospital, Essondale   29
20c. Deaths, Cause of, and Length of Time in Hospital, Saanich   30
21. Deportations, New Westminster, Essondale, and Saanich  31
PART   IL—FINANCIAL.
Report—Bursar  32
Balance-sheet and Profit  and Loss Account, New Westminster  34
Balance-sheet and Profit and Loss Account, Essondale   35
Balance-sheet and Profit and Loss Account, Saanich  36
Financial Tables—
A. Average Residence, Maintenance and Per Capita Cost since Inception   37
■d'-.   [ Analysis of Gross Per Capita Cost 38, 39
C     )
A   I Yearly Gross Expenditure, Analysis of, since Inception  40, 41 14 Geo. 5
Table of Contents.
V 5
Financial Tables—Continued. Page.
D. Summary of Gross and Net Per Capita Cost in all Hospitals  42
E. Expense and Revenue Statement, New Westminster   44
F. Expense and Revenue Statement, Essondale   46
G. Expense and Revenue Statement, Saanich   4S
Revenue, Table of, since Inception  50
Report, Financial—Tailor's Department   50
Report, Financial—Shoemaker's Department   52
Production Tables:—
Summary of Working-days, Patients, Essondale   53
Summary of Working-days, Patients, New Westminster   54
Articles made by Female Patients, New Westminster   54
Articles made for Essondale by New Westminster   54
Mending done by Female Patients, New Westminster   54
Fruit put up in Kitchen, New Westminster  54
Made by Plumber, New Westminster   55
Laundry-work done for Provincial Industrial School for Boys by Essondale  55
Supplies, New Westminster—■
Garden Produce   55
Farm Produce   55
Supplies, Saanich—Production Table, Farm and Garden  56
PART   III.—COLONY   FARM.
Report—Farm Superintendent   59
Report^Financial,  General—Bursar    61
Balance-sheet  -.  62
Profit and Loss Account   63
Dairy and Herds Department—
Profit and Loss Account   64
Production and Costs Account   64
Milk Production and Cost  64
Bull Department—Profit and Loss Account  65
Mature Cow Department—Profit and Loss Account  65
Yearling Department—Profit and Loss Account  66
Calves Department—Profit and Loss Account  67
Work-horse Department—
Sales and Deaths Account   67
Profit and Loss Account  6S
Horse-labour Account   68
Young Horse Department—Profit and Loss Account  68
Sheep Department—Profit and Loss Account   69
Hog Department—Profit and Loss Account  69
Poultry Department—Profit and Loss Account  70
Cannery—Profit and Loss Account   70
Truck-garden and Nursery—Profit and Loss Account  71
Crop Department—Profit and Loss Account   71
Pasturage Account  '.  74
Shrinkage and Rot   74
Tractor Account   75
Exhibition Expenses  75
Maintenance and Administration, General   75
Produce supplied to Essondale  75
Produce supplied to New AVestminster  76
Accounts receivable   77
Notes receivable  77
Trees, Shrubs, etc., supplied to Public Schools and Institutions   77
Equipment    ..... 78 P 6                                                 Table op Contents. 1924
Inventories— Page.
Cows  78
Young Cattle   81
Herd Bulls  .'.  82
Work-horses   82
Sheep   83
Poultry     83
Hogs    _  84
Feed on Hand  85
Feed and Produce  85
Cannery   85
Nursery aud Garden  86   DEPARTMENT OF PROVINCIAL SECRETARY.
Hon. J. D. MacLean, Provincial Secretary. J. L. AVhite, Deputy Provincial Secretary.
OFFICERS AND STAFF, MENTAL HOSPITALS.
H. C. Steeves, B.A., M.D., CM., General Medical Superintendent.
OFFICERS AT NEW WESTMINSTER.
Medical Staff:
E. J. Ryan, M.D., CM., Assistant Medical Superintendent.
F. A. Ireland, M.D., Assistant Physician. Gwendolyn Kellington, Analyst.
Clerical Staff:
Gowan S. Macgowan, Bursar. Thos. H. Cambridge, Receiving Clerk.
F. Gillard, Clinical Clerk and Stenographer.
J. F. O'Reilly, Steward. Violet Stead, Clinical Stenographer.
Chaplains:
Rev. F. W. Auvache, Protestant. Rev. Father P. Conan, Roman Catholic.
Nursing Staff:
Miss M. Fillmore, Matron, and Supervisor of Nurses. F. Spooner, Chief Attendant,
OFFICERS OF ESSONDALE AND COLONY FARM.
Medical Staff:
A. L. Crease, M.D., CM., Assistant Medical Superintendent and Pattwlogist.
L. E. Sauriol, M.D., Assistant Physician. E. C. Benwei.l, M.D., Assistant Physician.
B. H. O. Harry, M.D., Assistant Physician.
Clerical Staff:
Gowan S. Macgowan, Bursar, C. Fletcher, Chief Clerk. M. H. McCabe, Book-keeper.
John Pumphrey, Steward. Ethel Gregg, Stenographer.
F. J. Fish, Clinical Clerk and Stenographer. I. H. Wedge, Clinical Stenographer.
Chaplains:
Rev. Mr. Turner, Protestant. Rev. Father Pare, Roman Catholic.
Nursing Staff:
Gilbert Mathewson, Chief Attendant. M. Doyle, Assistant Chief Attendant.
M. Fillmore, Matron and Supervisor of Nurses.
Colony Farm:
P. H. Moore, B.A., B.S.A., Farm Superintendent.
T. Weeks, Record Clerk. R. Gardner, Foreman. ■ ■
J. Lobban, Storekeeper.
OFFICERS OF MENTAL HOME, COLQUITZ.
George Hall, M.D., CM., Visiting Physician.
Granby Farrant, Managing Supervisor. Harry Hoult, Chief Attendant. 6
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Eit*-5; REPORT OF THE MEDICAL SUPERINTENDENT
For the Twelve Months ended March 31st, 1924.
PART I—MEDICAL.
New Westminsteb, B.C., August 15th, 1924.
The Honourable the Provincial Secretary,
Parliament Buildings, Victoria, B.C.
Sir,—I have the honour to submit herewith] for your consideration the Fifty-second Annual
Report of the Mental Hospitals of British Columbia for the fiscal year ended March 31st, 1924.
The admissions for the year were nine in excess of the previous year. We received this
year 285 males and 162 females on new committal, a total of 447 during the year. The following
synopsis will show you briefly the movement of patients covered in this report:—
Movement of Population.
In Hospital, April 1st, 1923	
On probation at home	
New admissions  (1923-24)	
Total treated during the year-
Discharged during the year	
Died 	
Total	
In residence, March 31st, 1924
Male.
1,222
46
285
1,553
176
119
Female.
475
44
162
681
111
44
295    )
1,258
Total.
1,697
90
447
2,234
287
163
450
1,784
Net increase of population in  residence,  87 ; average daily population,  1,732.37.
In May, 1923, we were unfortunate in receiving a patient from Vancouver who developed
variola within a week of his admission to the Public Hospital for Insane. The institution was
promptly quarantined against visiting, all patients and employees were vaccinated, and every
precaution taken to prevent the spread of the disease. We were fortunate in confining it to the
admission ward, where only nine eases of the mildest type developed; none were severely ill and
made good recoveries without complications. We were able to raise the quarantine in June and
had no further recurrence of the infection.
In August we were again afflicted with a severe gastro-intestinal disease, which, after the
most careful study, in which typhoid and allied diseases were eliminated, was1 classified as
influenza. It attacked most severely the demented patients and these cases collapsed and
succumbed to the disease very rapidly. This epidemic is largely responsible for our increased
death-rate for the year. Our death-rate was 7.25 per cent, of the total number under treatment,
a fair rate considering the epidemic and the very wide range of acute cases admitted to Hospital.
The records show 47 per cent, of those admitted were in reduced physical health when received
at the Hospital.
A study of the 447 cases admitted reveals interesting facts which I am sure will greatly
impress you and those citizens who are interested in the future welfare of the Province and
Canada in general. As pointed out in my former reports, heredity has played an important
part. Heredity was declared in 59 cases, ascertained by us in 37 cases, and inferred from
investigation which could not be pursued to a positive conclusion in 104 cases; a total of 200
cases, then, in which the factor of heredity is involved. Compare this with the table of diagnosis
and we find there manic depressive, 125, or 28 per cent.; dementia prrecox, 102, or 22.8 per cent.;
diseases in which heredity is admittedly an important factor constitute 50.8 per cent, of the
total admissions.    Add to this epilepsy 3.9 per cent, and idiot and imbecile 9.1 per cent., and P 10 Mental Hospitals. 1924
we have 63.8 per cent, of all cases coming toi the Mental Hospital last year in which something,
and I believe much, could be done by public education to save this great wastage to our population and misery and expense to future generations. Syphilis was directly responsible for 35,
or 9.6 per cent, of the admissions, and alcohol for 21, or 4.7 per cent.; another 14 per cent, where
education and eugenic control of marriage with the educated support of public opinion could do
much to relieve conditions.
One often hears of isolation and hardships as a cause for mental break-down. I can find
little in our statistics to justify the theory of isolation at least. Our patients came to us last
year as follows: Greater Vancouver, 202, or 45.1 per cent.; Victoria, 46, or 10.2 per cent.;
New Westminster, 21, or 4.7 per cent.; while the rest of the Province and the Yukon furnished
178, or 40 per cent. These figures, I believe, about represent the distribution of our population
and show that, per capita, rural life in outlying districts is not the important factor often stated.
The table of occupations followed does not present any outstanding figures which would
indicate unusual hazard to mental health in any occupation. The figure 97 for housewives only
indicates to me the proportion of females admitted who are married and directing a home, the
normal occupation followed by the married woman. Of the age at which the illness appeared,
we find the greatest number in the five-year period from 35 to 40 years, when 62 of the total
number broke down. This would seem to indicate that the peak-load of mental strain in the
average life comes at this period, and those who are predisposed to mental illness should avoid
attempting more responsibility than their health will permit in their ambition to accumulate
wealth in worldly goods at the expense of health.
Of those admitted, 325, or approximately 73 per cent., were suffering from their first attack,
and in discussing discharges I will point out how important it is that these cases be brought to
Hospital as early as possible.    Figures show that here most certainly to delay is dangerous.
We hear from time to time discussion as to the nationality of our mental cases and find it
linked up in many erroneous ways. Of those admitted during the period of this report, 133, or
29.7 per cent., were born in Canada, 314, or 70.3 per cent., being born in other countries. As
much has been said about immigration and the open door for new citizens from other countries,
I have analysed this 70 per cent, and find they were contributed as follows: Great Britain:
England, 110; Scotland, 45 ; Ireland, 21; a total of 176, or 39.3 per cent, of the total admissions.
Oriental: India, 1; China, 20; Japan, 2; a total of 23, or 5.1 per cent, of the total admissions.
United States, 45, or 10 per cent, of the total admissions.
This would seem to indicate that careful immigration inspection of prospective citizens
should be carried out if future burdens in public institutions are to be minimized as much as
possible. We successfully deported 17 cases to their home-land with the assistance of the
Dominion Immigration Department, and I wish to express here my thanks for the prompt and
active assistance of the officers of that Department in dealing with these cases.
As Mental Plospitals are too frequently looked upon by the uninformed as places for custodial
care, and one frequently hears the assertion that nothing is being done for the patient, I will go
into some detail as to the results of treatment during the year covered by this report.
Of the number admitted, 18.56 per cent, were discharged recovered. This may appear small,
but it is to be remembered that 13 per cent, of the admissions were epileptic and feeble-minded,
hopeless in so far as recovery goes when admitted; 9.6 per cent, were suffering from general
paralysis of the insane, a fatal mental disease not yet successfully treated anywhere in the world.
Hence we see at once a handicap of 22.6 per cent, of the admissions in which human skill has
not yet been able to bring about recovery. Of those discharged, 112, or 40 per cent., were
admitted to Hospital within two months of illness developing. How important, then, that
treatment in Hospital he commenced as soon as possible. In this connection there is another
important point. One often hears of patients and friends being told that they will be all right
in six weeks or so ; the average residence in Hospital of those cases discharged last year was
eight months. It must be remembered that mental illness is a difficult one to deal with, and
huilding up false hopes often adds a serious difficulty for the physicians and nurses who have
to care for the patient and deal with the friends after the patient has reached Hospital. The
total discharges, not including deaths, represent 64.2 per cent, of admissions, of which, as stated
above, 18.50 per cent, of the total were recovered, the remainder being improved or unimproved,
some to be deported to other countries, others to private institutions or to special care at home. 14 Geo. 5 Superintendent's Keport. P 11
The death-rate was 7.25 per cent, of the total number of patients under treatment and has
been referred to formerly iu connection with the epftlemic of gastro-enteritis which attacked our
population last year. There was one unfortunate accident in which an acute patient who had
been in Hospital only twenty-seven days took advantage of the short absence of the night nurse
to strangle herself with the sheet from her bed. An inquest was held by the Coroner, the
circumstances fully investigated, and a verdict returned which stated that no blame could be
attached to the Hospital or the nurse in charge of the patient.
We close the year with 1,784 patients in residence, a net increase of 87 in our patient
population for the year.
Finances.
For details under this heading I respectfully refer you to the balance-sheets and profit and
loss statements in the appended tables, but for your more immediate information I would direct
your attention to some of the more important results shown there.
The gross cost of operating the Mental Hospitals for the fiscal year, $585,111.70; net cost
to the taxpayer, $502,716.08; collections for maintenance from the estates of patients, etc.,
$82,395.62; net daily per capita cost of operating the Hospital, 79.29 cents. The daily average
population being 1,732.37.
In referring to detailed statements of financial transactions, I am pleased to direct your
attention to the very satisfactory return of the Colony Farm department of the Hospitals for
this period. The net profit of $15,782.50 is extremely gratifying to me, and I iwish here to
express my appreciation and thanks to Mr. Moore, the Farm Superintendent, for the splendid
co-operation in that department.
The cannery, a new department of the farm operations, operated its first full season under
average conditions, and I am especially pleased to refer you to the net profit of $5,380.49 made
by this addition to our food-conserving facilities. This should be an effective answer to any
doubts as to the advisability of such a department in any large institutional farm. In addition,
there is a factor to which a money value cannot be given—the much improved dietary conditions
and the satisfaction of the patient as compared to the old diet of dried fruits.
The tailor-shop department, occupying some twenty-five patients, has also shown a net profit
of very satisfactory proportion, $4,574.47, in spite of some loss of time and disorganization of
work incidental to the remodelling of the shop.
The department for criminally insane at the Mental Home, Saanich, under the very competent
supervision of Mr. Granby Farrant, has made an excellent showing in the quantities of produce
and supplies produced there under difficult circumstances, and I wish to commend him highly
on the manner in which he has handled this department.
Condition of Plant.
I am pleased to record at this time the nearing completion of the new Hospital building at
Essondale for the acute insane. Although not yet completed and furnished for occupation, this
should be accomplished during the coming summer and will give some temporary relief to our
present much overcrowded wards.
When occupied this building will be used as an Admission Hospital, where all new
committals will he received, given preliminary studies and examinations before transfer to that
portion of the Hospital most suited to continue treatment. A very good picture of the building
is embodied in this report.
The work carried on by the mechanical departments of the staff embodies a great mass of
detail not possible for me to mention in full, but I may say that the general condition of the
plant reflects the interest and energy manifest and is a source of satisfaction! to myself. I wish
here to express my thanks to the departmental heads who have co-operated so splendidly in
obtaining these results.
At the Public Hospital for Insane, New Westminster, much repair and replacement work
has been done. The interior of the old shops building has been remodelled to meet the need for
enlarged shop-space; the tailor-shop has been doubled in size and made much more hygienic
and satisfactory, thus enabling the employment of an increased number of patients and added
output from the shop. The shoe-shop has been also enlarged and more satisfactorily placed,
while much-needed room has been given the carpenter-shop. P 12 Mental Hospitals. 1924
The slate and metal roofs were gone over and in many instances completely renewed, putting
them in good condition for years to come.   •
The old laundry building was much improved by alterations to the ceiling in the finishing-
room, allowing much-improved ventilation, and increased space was added on both floors by
building a hand-elevator outside the building.
Foundations of Lawn House have been renewed in concrete and are now in permanent repair.
A great volume of repair-work to floors, walls, and corridors throughout the building has
also beeri done and has entailed much work, by carpenter, painter, plasterer, engineer, and their
patient-helpers. The greenhouses have made a very splendid showing in the potted plants and
cut flowers produced for the Hospital wards and are in readiness for the beautifying of the
grounds the coining season.    Lawns and gardens have been kept in excellent condition.
At the Mental Home, Colquitz, a steady improvement is to be noted in the condition of
grounds, drives, and walks. Cement walks have been built to replace plank walks and general
conditions improved. A new fence has been built, enclosing a suitable space for the outdoor
recreation and exercise of those patients whose illness makes them dangerous to be trusted or
cared for in the ordinary way out-of-doors. A new greenhouse of suitable proportion for care
of plants and flowers for the wards and grounds has been erected and equipped and a very
pleasing rockery added, making a very splendid and useful addition to the plant. Many other
minor but important repairs and improvements have been carried out by the staff assisted by
patient-helpers.
At Essondale a great volume of work has been carried out. The fire in January which
destroyed a portion of the temporary building known as the Farm Annex caused much unexpected
work, hut I am glad to report the completed replacement of this loss hy our own staff, with
some temporary carpenter-help, in very splendid time. We now have a most excellent building
for the parole class of farm-helpers at a very moderate cost. The carpenters, cement-workers,
painters, and all others worked diligently and accomplished a really big job in a most satisfactory
manner.
A new residence for the Medical Superintendent has been erected almost entirely by the
staff and patient-labour from concrete blocks made hy the patients; all plumbing, heating,
wiring, painting, and masonry being done by our own employees and patients. A second cottage
for a departmental head has been well started and should be completed during the summer.
A much-needed addition of four rooms for nurses has been added to the building for feebleminded children.    Floors have also been renewed in the dormitories of this building.
A new boiler-house has been erected to provide safe heating and hot water to the Farm
Annex, and a start made on a new boiler-house to house the new boiler at the dairy, made
necessary by the condemning of the old boiler there as worn out and too small for present needs.
In addition, all maintenance repair-work to existing buildings has been carried on and
engineers, carpenters, painters, and plumbers have been constantly engaged in keeping the plant
in order.
In answer to any suggestion that our patients are not occupied and that custodial care
is all that is provided for them, I would like to cite a few instances of work accomplished by
patients who are, I may say, much more interested in this form of productive employment than
in the so-called vocational training, in my opinion, applicable and used properly only where
patients are physically and mentally unfit for productive or industrial occupation. I direct
your attention to the picture of potato harvest. The man on the digger is a patient; the pickers
and sorters are all patients working under the direction and with the assistance of attendants.
Owing to temporary facilities in handling coal and on account of rehandling, no fewer than
10,600 tons of coal were handled by patients. Over 4,000 yards of drain-ditches have been dug
by patients under supervision.
In excavating, grading, and road-making approximately 10,000 yards of earth have been
handled by patient-workers, which at current cost has a value to the Hospital of over $10,000.
The lady patients have also been occupied in productive occupations. Some have worked
in the vegetable-gardens and small fruits. The finishing-room in the laundry occupies twenty.
The tailor-shop provides occupation for a score more, while the occupational room finds from
eighty to ninety-five busily engaged every day. Here much useful work is done, as a reference
to tables will show. Nearly 10,000 sheets were made, 100 table-cloths, over 1,500 articles of
clothing for free patients, and many other articles in similar proportion. 14 Geo. 5 Superintendent's Eepoet. P 13
It is our endeavour to provide suitable and useful occupation for all who are in any way
able to be occupied, and we find the patients have been immensely benefited by these occupations
and have benefited both their mental and physical conditions.
Recommendations.
I wish to repeat my former recommendation that a definite programme of extension be laid
down whereby additional accommodation for the housing of patients will be provided year by
year, thus avoiding the acute overcrowding which develops to the detriment of the patients
and the serious handicapping of their treatment. It must be recognized that the present net
increase of 80 to 100 patients per annum will increase steadily as the population of the Province
increases, and be the walls of the Hospital as elastic as they may, this growing, steady increase
cannot be absorbed without the same steady provision for its absorption. I therefore respectfully
submit that provision should be iniade to carry on the construction of the new Hospital at
Essondale to keep pace with the growth of patient population, to properly house, treat, and care
for the unfortunate mentally ill.
In view of the fact that 13 per cent, of last year's admissions were epileptic and feebleminded ; that they are not proper cases to be received, cared for, and handled with the mentally
ill; that there, are at least 200 such cases in our population to-day, I strongly recommend that
a suitable institution of sufficient size to receive and care for these cases and provide for future
expansion of this immobile population should be planned and developed at once quite apart from
the Mental Hospitals. I believe this could be done to good advantage and with considerable
economy by carrying forward at once the complete scheme at Essondale and the remodelling
of the Public Hospital for Insane for such an institution. I would recommend that serious
consideration be given this matter, as the time is at hand when some action must be taken in
the interests of the Hospital and the community at large.
In closing this report, I wish to record formal acknowledgment and sincere thanks to you,
sir, for your ready understanding of our problems and your invaluable advice and assistance
in their solution. I also desire to express my appreciation of the co-operation, assistance, and
advice from the Department of Public Works, and especially Mr. H. W. Whittaker, the Architect;
from the Purchasing Agent and the officials of his Department; the Comptroller-General and his
officers, as well as all other departments of the Government with whom this institution has from
time to time come in contact.    All have been most courteous and helpful in every possible way.
I would indeed be remiss did I not commend to you my assistants, Dr. Crease and Dr. Ryan,
for their splendid co-operation in carrying on -our heavy task. Mr. Macgowan, our Bursar, has
also been most untiring in his efforts in the interests of the Hospital and is one of our most
highly valued officers. All other department heads are entitled to my most sincere thanks, and
to them and to all employed in the service credit is due in some measure, be it great or small,
for the faithful performance of duties well done.
I have the honour to be,
Sir,
Your obedient servant,
H. C. STEEVES,
General Medical Superintendent. P 14 Mental Hospitals. 1924
LABORATORY REPORT.
Urinalyses—Routine     452
Blood—Wassermann tests for syphilis  381
Blood-counts—■
Complete   S
White and differential counts  12
Spinal fluid—
Wassermann tests   22
Globulin  8
Cell-counts          3
Cultures—■
.     Throat   30
Nose   30
Sputa examination for tuberculosis   14
Widal tests for typhoid  3
Smears—Urethral for Gc  2
Agglutination tests for Bacillus abortus  26
Bacterial counts on milk  15
A. L. Crease, M.D., CM.,
Director of Laboratory.
DENTAL REPORT.
Public Hospital for the Insane,
New Westminster, B.C.
Medical Superintendent,
Public Hospital for the Insane,
New Westminster, B.C.
Sir,—I beg to report the following dental work on patients in the Mental Hospitals, New
Westminster   and   Essondale,   during  the  year   from   April   1st,   1923,   to   March 31st,   1924,
inclusive:—•
Extractions     408
Amalgam fillings  70
Cement  15
Scaling and cleaning   81
Pyorrhoea treatments  4
Dentures   16
Dentures adjusted  9
Dentures repaired  21
Resetting bridge   1
Repairing bridge   2
Trimming dentures    2
Bridge removed   1
Abscess treated   1
Mandible injections  12
I have, etc.,
F. P. Smith, D.D.S.,
Visiting Dentist. 14 Geo. 5
Statistical Tables.
P 15
STATISTICAL TABLES.
Table  No.  1.—Showing the Operations  of the Hospitals,  New  Westminster,  Essondale,
and Saanich, from April 1st, 1923, to March 31st, 1924.
Male.
Female.
442
33
42
2
Total.
Total.
Male.
1,268
285
1,553
295
l,2f,8
482
320
162
Female.
Total.
165
927
130
13
28
272
8
2
1
2
607
960
130
60
30
428
13
2
2
2
63
38
11
1
46
73
519
162
681
155
526
649
158
491
ii           Saanich, March 31st, 1923	
1,787
Admitted during the year 1923-24—
156
5
1
44
18
7
38
43
Total under treatment, New Westminster, Essondale, and Saanich, April
1st, 1923, to March 31st, 1924	
19
20
4
1
8
30
Discharged during period April 1st, 1923, to March 31st, 1924 :
(a.) From New Westminster—
Died	
(b.)  From Essondale —
82
20
48
19
32
3
85
207
150
232
3
i
i
20
48
22
33
3
86
212
On probation and still out	
Escaped, but not discharged	
Died	
5
2
4
6
2
4
6
667
447
17
Total discharged from New Westminster, Essondale, and Saanich...
183
285
14
484
162
3
New Westminster—
Admissions during 1923-24	
1,131
Discharged during 1923-24	
82
219
19
150
8
232
227
19
Total in residence, New Westminster, March 31st, 1924    	 P 16
Mental Hospitals.
1924
Tadlb  No.  1.—Showing the Operations  of the Hospitals,  New  Westminster,
and Saanich, from April 1st, 1923, to March 31st, 1924—Continued.
Essondale,
Male.
Female.
Total.
Total.
Movement of Population.
Male.
Female.
Total.
Essondale—
966
213
207
14
5
ISO
19
6
6
162
948
148
36
8
6
3
990
227
212
17
6
1,174
226
43
8
35
Transferred from New Westminster	
1,217
234
491
36
130
19
5
948
983
Saanich—
154
6
148
626
164
6
Returned to New Westminster   	
6
663
983
148
148
1,268
Total in residence, Essondale, March 31st, 1924 	
Grand total in residence, New Westminster, Essondale, and Saanich, March
31st, 1924	
1,784
Daily average population	
Percentage of discharges on admissions (not including deaths).
Percentage of recoveries on admissions	
Percentage of deaths on whole number under treatment	
1,732.37
.      64.20
.      18.66
7.25  n
HI   14 Geo. 5
Statistical Tables.
P 17
Table No. 2.—Showing in Summary Form the Operations of the Hospital since its
Inception.
Year.
1872 ....
1873 ....
1874 ....
1875 ....
1876 ....
1877 ....
1878 ....
1879 ....
1880 ....
1881 ....
1882 ....
1883 ....
1884	
1885	
1886	
1887 ....
1888 ....
1889 ....
1890 ....
1891	
1892	
1893 ....
1894	
1895	
1896 ....
1897	
1898 ....
1899	
1900	
1901	
1902	
1903 ....
1904	
1905	
1906	
1907	
1908	
1909	
1910	
1911	
1912	
1913	
1914	
1915	
1916	
1917	
1918	
Jan. 1, 1919, to
Mar. 31, 1920
Apl. 1,1920, to
Mar. 31, 1921
Apl. 1, 1921, to
Mar. 31, 1922
Apl. 1, 1922, to
Mar. 31. 1923
Apl. 1,1923, to
Mar. 31, 1924
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5.55
16.12
11.53
20.83
9.35
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16.16
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8.62
8.19
3.63
5.26
3.33
6.94
6.81
4.80
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6.66
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7.47
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5.33
6.10
7.25
* Three not insane.
t One not insane.
X Two not insane
! Four not insane. P 18                                                Mental Hospitals.                                                 1924
Table No. 3a.—Showing Number of Admissions, Discharges, and Deaths from April 1st,
1923, to March 31st, 1924, New Westminster.
Months.
Admissions.
Discharges.
Deaths.
Male.
Female.
8
13
9
15
16
22
10
13
11
14
17
14
Total.
Male.
Female.
8
14
5
2
8
4
6
3
4
3
12
69
Total.
Male.
Female.
2
4
4
1
7
3
6
4
3
2
5
2
Total.
3
10
6
4
7
6
11
7
7
3
6
3
1923.
April	
May	
25
19
30
24
26
20
29
19
20
22
26
25
33
32
39
39
42
42
39
32
31
36
43
39
447
1
11
1
6
'7
2
4
5
7
44
8
15
16
3
14
4
6
10
6
7
5
19
1
6
2
3
3
5
3
4
1
1
1
June    	
October   	
December	
1924.
February 	
March	
Totals   	
285
162
113
30
43
73
Table No. 3b.—Showing Number of Admissions, Discharges, and Deaths from April 1st,
. 1923, to March 31st, 1924, Essondale.
Months.
Admissions.
Discharges.
Deaths.
Male.
Female.
Total.
Male.
Female.
Total.
Male.
Female.
Total.
1923.
16
29
24
25
15
23
14
14
7
28
24
4
i
i
i
i
20
29
24
26
16
24
15
14
7
28
24
5
5
7
2
8
S
10
9
8
14
9
o
87
1
1
1
3
5
6
1
2
8
9
10
10
8
14
9
2
4
7
6
8
2
17
9
7
11
3
3
8
i
1
4
7
7
8
2
17   •
9
7
11
3
3
8
86
May	
1924.
March	
Totals :	
219
8
227
90
85
t
•
• 14 Geo. 5
Statistical Tables.
P 19
Table No. 3c.—Showing Number of Admissions,  Discharges, and Deaths from April 1st,
1923, to March 31st, 1924, Saanich.
Admissions.
Discharges.
Deaths.
Months.
Male.
5
1
18
24
Female.
Total.
5
1
18
24
Male.
i
i
Female.
Total.
Male.
1
1
1
1
l^emale.
Total.
1923.
April	
1
1
1
May	
1
August	
1
1
1924.
March	
Totals	
2
2
4
4
Table No. 4.—Showing Civil State of Patients admitted from April 1st, 1923, to
March 31st, 1924.
Civil State.
Male.
Female.
Total.
100
171
14
285
99
50
13
199
221
27
162
447
Table No. 5.—Showing Religious Denominations of Patients admitted from April 1st, 1923,
to March 31st, 1924.
Religious Denomination.
Male.
Female.
Total.
3
2
18
1
5
18
171
54
3
10
1
2
1
1
1
7
127
22
162
4
4
19
1
6
1
25
298
76
3
10
Totals	
285
447 P 20
Mental Hospitals.
1924
Table No. 6.—Showing the Degree of Education of those admitted from April 1st, 1923,
to March 31st, 1924.
Degree of Education.
Male.
Female.
Total.
2
49
165
3'S
31
47
02
13
10
2
Good      	
96
257
51
41
Total
285
162
447
Table No. 7.—Showing the Nationality of those admitted from April 1st, 1923, to
March 31st, 1924.
Nationality.
Male.
Female.
Alaska   	
Australia  	
Austria    	
Chile    	
China   	
Denmark   	
England   	
Finland    	
Galicia    	
Germany   	
Gibraltar   	
Greece     	
Holland   ..:.:	
Hungary	
India      —
Ireland    	
Italy 	
Japan    	
Newfoundland   	
New Zealand   	
Norway	
Poland 	
Roumania	
Russia   .'-	
Salvador  	
Scotland   	
Servia	
South Africa	
Sweden     	
United  States  	
Wales  .....
Yukon	
Canada—
Alberta	
British Columbia 	
Manitoba   	
New Brunswick 	
Nova Scotia 	
Ontario   	
Prince Edward Island
Quebec	
Saskatchewan 	
Canada (General)  	
Totals	
1
20
1
64
7
1
2
1
1
1
1
1
15
3
1
1
3
1
31
28
4
6
3
27
1
6
46
1
1
14
4
18
3
1
1
18
3
1
3
23
2
3
I
3
1
20
1
110
8
2
2
1
1
21
3
1
45
2
1
10
41
1
46
7
7
6
50
1
285
162
447 14 Geo. 5
Statistical Tables.
P 21
Table No. S.—Showing what Districts contributed Patients from April 1st, 1923,
March 31st, 1924.
Place of Residence at Time
of Committal.
Place of Residence at Time
of Committal.
Albion   	
Alert Bay 	
Anyox 	
Bella Coola 	
Bevan    	
Bradner   	
Britannia Beach
Burnaby	
Chilliwack  	
Cloverdale 	
Comox	
Coquitlam   	
Cowichan	
Cranbrook  	
Preston 	
Croydon   	
Dawson,  Y.T	
Deroche   	
Duncan   	
Elko    	
Enderby  	
Esquimalt	
Jaffray	
Fernie    	
Fort George 	
Fort  Langley   ....
Fort St. John ....
Fraser Mills 	
Grand Forks 	
Greenwood	
Hall's Prairie ....
Harrison Mills ..
Hazelton	
Horsefly	
Kamloops     	
Kelowna    	
Kingsvale	
Kimberley    ....
Ladner    	
Ladysmith 	
Lantzville   	
Luna	
Maillardville  	
Merritt	
Merville... .".
Miluer	
Mirror  Lake	
Mission	
Murrayviile  	
Myrtle Point 	
Nanaimo    —
Natal ......
Carried   forward..
1
1
1
1
1
11
60
31
3
1
1
1
5
1
1
1
1
2
1
1
1
1
1
1
3
2
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
13
1
91
Brought foncard..
Nelson	
Newton    	
New Westminster 	
Nicola   	
Oakalla  Prison  Farm 	
Oak Bay 	
Ocean Falls 	
Patricia Bay 	
Pender Harbour 	
Penticton 	
Port Alice 	
Port Moody 	
Pouce Coupe .-	
Powell River  -	
Prince Rupert	
Princeton 	
Procter     	
Quathiaski Coye 	
Quesnel 	
Revelstoke	
Rock Bay	
Rosedale	
Rossland	
Ruskin	
Arm
Saanich
Salmon
Sandon 	
Sardis    	
Seymour Arm
Sicamous   	
Sidney	
Silverdale   ....
Slocan City ..
Smithers   	
Sooke    	
Spillamacheen
Thrums   	
Trail	
Tsinkut  Lake
Union Bay —
Vancouver   ....
Vancouver
Vancouver
Vancouver.
Vernon 	
Victoria     	
Wellington   	
Westholm    ....
Whitehorse,  Y.T,
White Rock 	
Yahk    	
North
South
West .
Totals..
60
9
1
11
2
1
1
1
1
122
6
2
2
5
22
1
1
1
1
1
10
1
1
1
1
60
1
9
24
285
162
91
9
1
21
1
2
1
1
1
1
2
2
2
1
2
6
4
1
1
2
4
2
2
1
1
2
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
2
182
7
11
2
7
46
1
1
2
1
1
447 P 22
Mental Hospitals.
1924
Table No. 9.—Showing the Occupations of those admitted from April 1st, 1923, to
March 31st," 1924.
Occupation.
Occupation.
Barber   	
Boiler-maker's helper 	
Book-keeper	
Bricklayer	
Building inspector	
Cabinetmaker     	
Candy-maker 	
Canneryman     	
Car inspector -	
Carpenter ......
Car-repairer	
Clerk	
Construction foreman 	
Contractor	
Cook	
Cooper  	
Dentist    ....
Doctor of medicine	
Electrician	
Engineer   	
Factory-hand	
Farmer   	
Fireman	
Fisherman  	
Fruit-grower   .;	
Gardener   	
Glass-blower   	
Grocer   	
Hospital   orderly   	
Housekeeper	
Housewife  	
Insurance agent	
Labourer   	
Laundryman   .:	
Law student 	
Lawyer    	
Logger	
Longshoreman   	
Machinist   	
Marine   engineer   	
Mechanic  	
Millman  	
Carried   foncard
3
1
3
2
1
1
1
1
1
10
1
3
1
1
35
1
83
2
1
1
15
2
3
2
1
1
7
94
3
1
4
2
1
1
1
1
1
10
1
5
1
1
5
2
1
1
2
3
1
3
1
1
1
1
7
94
1
83
2
1
1
15
202
108
310
Brought  forward
Milliner   	
Millwright    	
Miner	
Musician   	
None	
Nurse  	
Painter	
Photographer   	
Pipe-fitter   	
Pipe inspector 	
Plasterer	
Plumber	
Prospector    	
Railway agent	
Real-estate agent 	
Reporter   	
Retired      	
Sailor 	
Saleslady j 	
Salesman  	
Saw-filer    ...
Scavenger   	
Section foreman	
Servant   	
Ship's oiler 	
Shipwright   	
Stenographer    	
Stone-cutter	
Storekeeper	
Student   	
Tailor	
Teacher    -	
Teamster   -	
Tie-maker   	
Trapper  	
Typist    	
Veterinary  surgeon  	
Wagon-maker	
Waitress   	
Watchman^	
Totals .'	
202
1
13
24
1
1
1
1
1
1
2
1
1
2
2
3
3
1
1
1
108
1
310
1
1
13
1
51
o
1
1
1
1
1
1
2
1
1
2
2
3
2
3
1
1
1
8
2
1
4
1
3
6
3
3
4
1
2
1
1
1
1
1
285
162
447 14 Geo. 5
Statistical Tables.
P 23
Table No. 10.—Showing the Ages of those admitted from April 1st, 1923, to March 31st, 1924.
Age.
Male.
Female.
Total.
Ui
Fr
4
13
20
20
36
44
34
21
36
11
17
13
6
7
3
6
10
12
18
12
18
23
19
9
15
11
5
1
2
1
162
10
23
/       20   /,   25     n     	
32
i       25   ,i   30    n                  	
38
i       30   »   35    //    	
48
35   //   40    a     	
62
,       40   „   45     „     	
57
>       45   n   50     »           	
50   „   55     „     	
40
45
26
60   „   65     n     	
28
18
70   a   75     „     	
i       75   ii  80    a    	
9
Ov
4
Totals	
285
447
Table No. 11.—'Showing the Number of Attacks in those admitted from April 1st, 1923, to
March 31st, 1924.
Number of Attacks.
Male.
Female.
Total.
First	
225
48
4
2
5
1
100
41
11
4
5
1
325
89
Third	
15
Fourth	
6
10
2
Totals	
285
162 '
447
Table No. 12.—Showing the Alleged Duration of Attacks prior to Admission.
Duration of Attack.
Male.
Female
Total.
32
127
37
25
17
10
7
8
7
7
7
1
10
69
26
14
12
8
12
6
4
i
42
196
63
„       3   ,i    6     i,        	
39
„       6   „   12     „        	
29
„       2   „    5     »        	
18
19
„       5   „   10     n        	
14
10   ,i   15     '/        	
7
11
7
2
Totals	
285
162
447 P 24
Mental Hospitals.
1924
Table No. 13.—Showing Statistics of Heredity in those admitted from April 1st, 1923,
March 31st, 1924.
Heredity.
Paternal and maternal branches
Paternal branch	
Maternal branch	
Heredity	
Heredity, inferred  	
Heredity, unknown	
Not insane	
Totals	
Male.
Female.
3
4
10
9
11
46
13
78
26
147
98
1
I
285
162
Total.
3
14
20
59
104
245
2
447
Table No. 14.—Showing the Alleged Cause of Attack in those admitted from April 1st,
1923, to March 31st, 1924.
Alleged Cause.
Alcohol	
Anaemia	
Arteriosclerosis	
Glioma    	
Hemiplegia	
Heredity    	
Heredity, ascertained.
Heredity, inferred. ...
Lues	
Meningitis	
Morphine	
Not insane	
Paralysis Agitans	
Puerperal	
Religion ...'	
Senility	
Traumatic	
Unknown	
Worry	
Totals .
Male.
Female.
19
2
2
2
8
4
1
1
46
13
13
24
78
26
35
i
4
2
1
1
1
1
1
34
13
6
18
27
20
43
285
162
Total.
21
4
12
1
1
59
37
104
35
1
6
2
1
1
1
47
6
45
63
447
Table No. 15.—Showing the State of Bodily Health in those admitted from April 1st, 1923,
to March 31st, 1924.
Bodily Condition.
Male.
Female.
Total.
40
112
132
1
285
22
60
78
2
162
62
172
210
3
Totals            .......
447 14 Geo. 5
Statistical Tables.
P 25
Table No. 16.—Showing the Form of Mental Disorder in those admitted from April 1st,
1923, to March 31st, 1924.
Form of Disorder.
Acute mania   	
Arteriosclerosis	
Cerebral glioma	
Dementia precox	
Epileptic	
General paresis	
Idiocy and imbecility	
Manic depressive	
Melancholia	
Moron	
Not insane	
Paranoia	
Psychosis with cardiac disease ..
Psychosis with hemiplegia  	
Psychosis with paralysis agitans
Senile dementia	
Toxic insanity  	
Traumatic	
Totals .
Male.     Female.     Total.
68
12
34
26
53
3
2
1
11
1
36
24
1
285
162
4
4
13
1
1
34
102
5
17
34
15
41
72
125
1
4
2
1
2
7
18
1
1
1
1
1
12
48
8
32
1
447
Table No. 17a.—Showing the Number allowed out on Probation and Results from April 1st,
1923, to March 31st, 1924, New Westminster.
Results.
Male.
F'emale.
Total.
10
3
3
4
8
17
7
2
13
38
27
«            improved     ,	
10
5
17
46
28
77
105
Table No. 17b.—Showing the Number allowed out on Probation and Results from April 1st,
1923, to March 31st, 1924, Essondale.
Results.
Discharged recovered...
« improved...
a unimproved
Returned to Hospital .
Still out at close of year
Totals	
Male.     Female.     Total.
12
16
4
16
32
80
12
16
6
18
33
85 P 26
Mental Hospitals.
1924
Table No. 17c.—Showing the Number allowed out on Probation and Results from April 1st,
1923, to March  31st, 1924, Saanich—Nil.
Table No. 18a.—Showing the Alleged Duration of Insanity prior to Admission in those
discharged from New Westminster from April 1st, 1923, to March 31st, 1924.
Duration of Insanity.
Male.
Female.
Total.
5
16
11
2
1
1
3
1
3
1
9
25
13
7
5
3
1
1
4
1
14
2    „   3      ,;	
41
24
9
„      3    „   6     „      	
„      6    // 12     „      	
6
4
4
„     2    „   3     „    	
2
7
1
1
Totals	
44
69
113
Table No. 18b.—Showing the Alleged Duration of Insanity prior to Admission in those
discharged from Essondale from April 1st, 1923, to March 31st, 1924.
Duration of Insanity.
Male.
Female.
Total.
Le
Le
Fi
12
12
7
2
5
i
4
6
15
23
12
12
7
,     2    a  3     a        	
2
,     3    ,i   A      ,i                                        	
,     4    ./   5      »        	
1
,      6    ii   9      ;/                                                    	
4
,     9   „ 12      a                                      	
6
0\
Ui
3
3
18
Totals                                  '.	
23
87
90
Table No. 18c.—Showing the Alleged Duration of Insanity prior to Admission in those
discharged from saanich from april 1st, 1923, to march 31st, 1924.
Duration  of Insanity.
Male.
Female.
Total.
2
2
Totals .     ...
2
2 14 Geo. o
Statistical Tables.
P 27
Table No. 19a.—Showing the Length of Residence of those discharged from New
Westminster from: April 1st, i923, to March 31st, 1924.
Length of Residence.
Discharged
recovered.
Discharged
improved.
Discharged
unimproved.
Not
Insane.
rt
o
a
CD
fa
c
i-r,
o
S
fa
Female.
Male.
6
e
fe
6
6
3
1
1
1
1
2
9
6
o
2
2
3
4
9
1
1
1
1
4
2
4
1
1
2
2
1
2
1
3
1
1
4
9
1
3
2
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
2
1
2
,    4
,     5
,     6
>    9
,     1
2
,    3
,     4
„   4       „                                       	
„   6       ,,        -	
„   0
„ 12       „                          	
„   3       „                         	
„   4      „                         	
„   6       „	
Over  6
Totals	
19
44
20
18
4
7
1
Table No. 19b.-—Showing the Length of Residence of those discharged from Essondale
from April 1st, 1923, ro March 31st, 1924.
Discharged
recovered.
Discharged
improved.
Discharged
unimproved.
Length of Residence.
CD
rt
CD
a
fe
o
H
a*
rt
08
a
fe
13
o
EH
CD
rt
rt
a
fc
rt
o
H
1
1
3
6
1
3
3
2
1
1
3
6
1
3
3
2
1
7
4
13
7
5
6
4
1
1
7
4
13
7
5
6
4
1
4
2
3
3
3
2
2
i
i
i
4
„    2   ,.   3
3
„    3   „   6      „      	
3
„     6   „   9       „	
4
„    *   „ 12       „	
3
3
„     2   „   3      „	
9
„    3   „   4      „    	
„     4    „   5       „     	
Totals	
20
....
20
48
48
19
3
°2
Table No. 19c.—Showing the Length of Residence of those discharged from Saanich from
April 1st, 1923, to March 31st, 1924.
Discharged
recovered.
Discharged
improved.
Discharged
unimproved.
Not
Ixsane.
Length of Residence.
q3
"S3
CD
rt
a
o
fe
CD
<l
o3
rt
■ a
fc
rt
a
fc
0)
Irt
o3
s
o
fc
From 4 to 5 years...	
1
1
Over 6 years	
Totals	
2 P 28
Mental Hospitals.
1924
Table No. 20a.—Record of Deaths from April 1st, 1923, to March 31st, 1924, New
Westminster.
Time
in Hospital.
Register
Initials.
Sex.
Age.
Certified Cause.
No.
Years.
Months.
Days.
7611
L.  L.
M.
43
3
15
Hypostatic pneumonia.
5764
M.  B.
F.
35
3
9
23
Myocarditis.
5208
E.  T.
F.
28
5
8
12
Status epilepticus.
5810
R.  H.
F.
32
4
1
24
Pulmonary tuberculosis.
7739
C. L.
M.
17
15
Exhaustion of acute mania.
7752
M. C.
M.
45
9
Exhaustion of general paresis.
7744
T. K.
M.
63
19
Hypostatic pneumonia, pernicious anse-
mia.
7727
F.  S. M.
F.
25
1
5
Myocarditis  with bronchopneumonia.
7718
L. J. W.
M.
42
1
20
Exhaustion of general paresis.
7701
C.  H.
F.
36
2
11
General paresis of insane.
6186
U.  I.
F.
51
3
1
29
Pulmonary embolism, osteomyelitis of
the left ulua.
7768
J. s.
M.
75
11
Myocarditis.
7737
J.  E.
11.
73
1
10
Myocarditis arteriosclerosis.
7762
1.  S. M.
M.
62
24
Cervical abscess.
5903
M.  B.
M.
63
4
1
Chronic interstitial nephritis endocarditis myocarditis.
6691
.1. W. M.
F.
41
■2
5
8
General paresis of insane.
7631
M. E. W.
F.
51
0
5
Uramia chronic nephritis, myocarditis
arteriosclerosis.
5920
A. P.
F.
74
4
25
Cerebral haemorrhage.
3336
J. P.
F.
48
11
10
Strangulation from enlarged thyroid,
" cystic thyroid."
7827
R.  W.
M.
45
10
Exhaustion of acute mania.
6935
J.  B.
F.
73
1
11
29
Exhaustion of senile dementia.
7831
Y.  Y.
M.
50
5
Exhaustion of acute mania.
7756
J.  W. F.
M.
39
2
27
Exhaustion of general paresis.
7864
A. E.
F.
57
11
Acute gastro-enteritis.
7720
E.  J. McA.
F.
70
4
14
Acute gastro-enteritis.
2467
M.  J. M.
F.
63
13
11
5
Acute gastro-enteritis.
5220
F.  A.   F.'
F.
51
6
Chorea with psychosis.
4749
A.  K.
F.
70
7
4
12
Acute gastro-enteritis.
4970
A. T.
F.
75
6
8
19
Acute  gastro-enteritis.
3275
E. B.
F.
62
11
3
9
Myocarditis.
7885
A.  B.
F.
65
12
Uraemia.
682
J. B.
M.
65
27
5
15
Nephritis and myocarditis.
7897
G. J.
M.
49
16
Bronchopneumonia.
7589
E. B.
F.
70
9
8
Exhaustion of senile dementia.
7526
A.  C.
F.
56
11
7
Exhaustion of terminal dementia.
7825
T.  II. D.
M.
53
2
25
General paralysis of insane.
3651
A. L.  B.
F.
68
10
5
11
Myocarditis.
7888
F.  R.
M.
33
1
18
Acute   enteritis.
6048
I.  P.
F.
77
4
1
16
Cerebral haemorrhage and myocarditis.
7940
W. H.  F.
M.
89
24
Gastro-enteritis.
7494
E. G. W.
F.
44
1
1
Acute gastro-enteritis.
5354
I. P.
F.
41
5
10
5
Gastro-enteritis.
7862
R. J.  B.
M.
41
3
29
General paresis of insane.
4542
D. F.
M.
50
8
2
11
Hypostatic pneumonia.
7977
T.  P.  D.
M.
70
6
Acute gastro-enteritis.
7913
S. V. G.
F.
30
1
27
Septic bronchopneumonia.
2833
J. McP.
F.
73
12
9
16
Myocarditis.
7797
P. H. W.
M.
33
4
22
Exhaustion of general paresis.
7635
A.  E.
F.
38
9
26
Acute gastro-enteritis.
7948
F.  ,T. T.
F.
58
1
9
Acute gastro-enteritis.
7983
J. D.
M.
34
14
Hypostatic pneumonia.
7678
M. P.
F.
64
9
8
Myocarditis.
7996
G. J.
M.
45
11
Hypostatic pneumonia.
6359
M.  I. T.
F.
35
3
7
Gastro-enteritis.
7978
T.  C.
M.
65
1
13
Myocarditis.
7815
M.  L.
F.
65
5
15
Myocarditis.
2776
1
F. A.
F.
80
13
1
4
Myocarditis. 14 Geo.
5
Statistical Tables.
P 29
Table No. 20a.-
-Record
of Deaths from April 1st, 192
3, to March 31st, 1924, New
Westminster—Continued.
Time in Hospital.
Register
No.
Initials.
Sex.
Age.
Certified Cause.
Years.
Months.
Days.
8018
Y. Y.
M.
27
15
Lobar pneumonia.
7964
M. w.
M.
20
2
2
Status  epilepticus.
7934
S. P.
F.
39
3
3
(1'dema of brain.
8034
C.  L.
M.
65
4
Myocarditis   arteriosclerosis.
7835
M.  J.  B.
F.
49
5
22
Cerebral haemorrhage.
7781
B.  D.
F.
62
7
16
Myocarditis arteriosclerosis.
8068
A. N.
M.
34
11
Exhaustion of acute mania.
5086
L. M. G.
F.
42
1
5
10
Tubercular enteritis.
7296
L. R.
F.
47
1
9
28
Pulmonary tuberculosis.
338
H.  S.
M.
80
34
7
28
Myocarditis.
853
E.   S.
F.
53
25
6
14
Hypostatic pneumonia.
421
A.  L.
F.
70
32
9
3
Hypostatic pneumonia.
8081
L.  P.
F.
61
27
Strangulation by hanging.
7305
R. E.  G.
F.
33
1
10
15
Pulmonary tuberculosis.
8073
P.  E. G.
F.
18
1
25
ffidema of brain.
8144
G.  J.
M.
59
8
Mitral   stenosis,  contributing chronic
myocarditis.
Tabl
s No. 20b.—R
COORD 01
Deaths from April 1st, 1923, to March 31st, 1924, Essondale.
6598
E.  B.
M.
61
2    '
5
21
Exhaustion of senile dementia.
5547
C. W.
M.
70
4
9
11
Exhaustion and arteriosclerosis.
7321
A.  V.  T.
M.
34
11
24
Exhaustion of acute melancholia.
5604
A. M.
M.
49
4
8
4
Bronchopneumonia, i
6081
W.  S. F.
M.
33
3
7
7
Pulmonary tuberculosis.
334
A.  F.
M.
90
33
11
19
Exhaustion of senile dementia.
6640
R.  C.  0.
M.
29
2
5.
6
Exhaustion of paretic seizures.
6370
J.  S.
M.
83
3
17
Exhaustion of senile dementia.
7480
E. A.
M.
73
8
11
Exhaustion of senile dementia.
7355
T.  G. M.
M.
42
1
1
Exhaustion of general paresis.
6306
H.  I.
M.
21
3
2
5
Miliary tuberculosis.
6617
N.  E.
M.
45
2
6
20
Exhaustion of general paresis.
7675
A.  G.
M.
43
3
25
Exhaustion of general paresis.
6906
A.  M.
M.
63
1
11
26
Exhaustion and arteriosclerosis.
6152
E.  M.  P.
F.
8
3
6
6
Acute glomerular nephritis, status
epilepticus.
2656
J.  C.  C.
M.
82
12
11
23
Exhaustion of senile dementia.
6497
M. R. D.
M.
65
2
10
9
Carcinoma of prostate, peritonitis.
4671
K. J.
M.
46
7
4
20
Pulmonary tuberculosis.
6890
C. L. W.
M.     '
80
2
1
7
Exhaustion of senile dementia.
336
A.  ,T.
M.
80
34
26
Exhaustion of senile dementia.
7259
J.  0.
M.
36
1
3
9
Pulmonary tuberculosis.
7572
B.  P.
M.
44
7
20
Exhaustion of general paresis.
953
A.  G.
M.
47
22
9
9
Septicaemia, bacteraemia.
7229
J.  T.  A.
M.
55
1
4
18
Exhaustion of general paresis.
6918
R.  M.
M.
45
1
3
21
Pulmonary tuberculosis.
7542
J. J. Y.
M.
54
9
1
Exhaustion of senile dementia.
6653
TV7.  B.  K.
M.
27
2
8
13
Tubercular peritonitis.
7823
J. A.
M.
60
2
Carcinoma of stomach.
7719
T.  R.
M.
53
4
7
Exhaustion of general paresis.
2917
M.  P.
M.
43
12
3             26
Pulmonary tuberculosis.
7442
A.  C.  C.
M.
48
1
27
Exhaustion of general paresis.
6374
W. W. T.
M.
44
3
4
3
Exhaustion of traumatic psychosis.
5596
A.  P.
M.
65
5
1
Cerebral haemorrhage.
4430
R. H.
M.
79
8
5
3
Cerebral haemorrhage.
5424
T. H.
M.
60
5
7
3
Carcinoma of stomach.
4594
G.  A.  S.
M.
67
7
11
6
Acute enteritis.
1688
T.  M.
M.
5!)
17
11
6
Acute enteritis.
7879
M.  T.
M.
70
1
12
Acute enteritis.
5644
M.  T.
M.
61
4
11
22
Acute enteritis.
- P 30
Mentai
Hospitals.
1924
Table N
o. 20b.—Record of Deaths, April 1st, 1923, to March 31st, 1924, Essondale—Continued.
Time in Hospital.
Register
No.
Initials.
Sex.
Age.
Certified Cause.
l7ears.
Months.
Days.
1413
C. H.  J.
M.
44
20
1
28
Acute enteritis.
7848
T.  D.
M.
SO
2
8
Acute enteritis.
7313
T.  R.
M.
38
1
4
29
Acute enteritis.
7612
W. A.  C.
M.
61
9
6
Exhaustion of general paresis.
4164
F. B.
M.
47
9
2
Acute enteritis.
1762
T. B.
M.
56
17
5
8
Acute enteritis, spinal tuberculosis.
7734
T.  C.
M.
34
5
16
Exhaustion of general paresis.
6673
J.  S.
M.
54
2
9
9
Exhaustion of general paresis.
4903
T.  L.
M.
S3
7
1
Tuberculosis.
7316.
W. W.
M.
45
1
5
6
Exhaustion of general paresis.
5965
N. G.
M.
79
4
3
7
Exhaustion of senile dementia.
4971
J.  C.
M.
49
6
10
5
Acute enteritis.
5279
C. A.  S.
M.
71
6
7
Acute enteritis.
6532
G.  S.  W.
M.
42
3
1
19
Exhaustion of paretic seizures.
7175
J. D.  C.
M.
62
1
9
13
Exhaustion of senile dementia.
7390
W. L.  G.
M.
38
1
4
14
Exhaustion of paretic seizures.
7267
W. M.
M.
65
1
7
20
Exhaustion of senile dementia.
7867
E. P.
M.
41
3
10
Exhaustion of general paresis.
7933
J.  K.
M.
67
1
28
Exhaustion of senile dementia.
7325
J.  R.
M.
72
1
6
12
Exhaustion of senile dementia.
6849
E. P.  H.
M.
65
2
6
15
Exhaustion of senile dementia.
7447
,T. K.
M.
57
1
3
10
Myocarditis, arteriosclerosis.
7733
A.  C.
M.
32
7
23
Cerebral haemorrhage.
7929
P. G.
M.
78
2*
22
Exhaustion of senile dementia.
7961
E. J.
M.
79
1
25
Exhaustion of senile dementia.
7307
W. D.
M.
41
1
7
18
Exhaustion of general paresis.
5835
,T. K.
M.
27
4
8
18
Empyema, pulmonary abscess.
7048
.1.  R. N.
M.
42
2
2
16
Exhaustion of general paresis.
5624
J.  T.
M.
86
5
3
Myocarditis, arteriosclerosis.
2875
T.  J. G.
M.
43
10
9
13
Pulmonary tuberculosis.
7868
Y.  W. F.
M.
8
1
24
Inanition.
7962
N.  M.
M.
86
2
5
Exhaustion of general paresis.
7777
H.  Q.
M.
54
6
28
Exhaustion of general paresis.
6964
W.  G.
M.
39
2
o
3
Exhaustion of general paresis.
8020
J.  R.
M.
67
1
3
Exhaustion of  senile dementia.
7564
W.  K.
M.
41
1
2
6
Pulmonary tuberculosis,  haemorrhage.
7945
G.  G.
M.
68
4
6
Exhaustion of senile dementia.
7889
J.  C.
M.
50
5
12
Septicaemia  caused by arteriosclerotic
gangrene of foot.
8049
R.  R.  P.
M.
36
1
17
Exhaustion.
7599
J. A. W.
M.
55
1
2
15
Bronchopneumonia, exhaustion of general  paresis.
3375
T.  S.
M.
■57
11
7
17
Cerebral embolism, arteriosclerosis.
6538
,T. A.
M.
31
3
6
1
Exhaustion of epilepsy.
2040
W.  E.
M.
81
16
4
10
Senile exhaustion.
3855
W.  B.
M.
74
10
4
14
Cerebrospinal lues  (exhaustion of).
6977
F.  F.  F.
M.
60
2
6
26
Cerebral haemorrhage.
7671
W. V.
M.
81
1
1
12
Senile exhaustion.
6466
W.  A.  M.
M.
20
8
9
Pulmonary tuberculosis.
Tabl
I No. 20c—R
ECORD 0
F Deati
is from April 1st, 1923,
to March 31st, 1924, Saanich.
6979
T.  Mc.G.
M.
60
2
Myocarditis.
7088
M. L.
M.
45
1
6
Perforated duodenal ulcer.
266
.T.  P.
M.
60
36
Valvular  disease  of heart.
5740
w. s.
M.
40
5
Exhaustion  of epilepsy. 14 Geo. 5
Statistical Tables.
P 31
Table No. 21.—Showing the Number of Deportations effected from April 1st, 1923, to
March 31st, 1924, New Westminster, Essondale, and Saanich.
Register
No.
Initials.
Sex.
Country of
Origin.
Period in Canada pkior
to Admission to Hospital.
Years
Months.      Days
Period in Hospital.
Years.      Months.      Days
1183
7708
7710
3228
7634
7759
7753
7730
7528
7670
1981
7882
8013
8016
8002
8032
7712
C H.
D. P.
E. F.
F. B.
P.  B. H.
J.  B.
J.  H.
J.  C.
E.  W.
T.  W.
J.  G.
H. M.
T.  W.  M.
W. D.
R.   H.   K.
A.  R.
M.  McF.
F.
F.
M.
F.
M.
M.
M.
M.
F.
M.
M.
M.
M.
M.
M.
M.
F.
U.S.A	
England 	
England	
England  	
Norway   	
U.S.A.	
Ireland 	
Ireland 	
Norway   	
England  	
France  	
New Zealand
Scotland 	
Scotland 	
England 	
England  	
Scotland 	
21
10
8
8
7
2
9
27
16
19
11
9
10
1
21
1(5
10
11
16
29
12
20
9
4
18
27
26
14
18
24 PART II—FINANCIAL.
BUESAP'S EEPOET.
Essondale, B.C., September 1st, 1924.
H. C. Steeves, B.A., M.D., CM.,
General Medical Superintendent of Mental Hospitals,
New Westminster, B.C.
Sir,—I have the honour to again submit to you herewith balance-sheets and profit and loss
statements, together with various other financial and statistical tables, covering the operations
of the Mental Hospitals for the fiscal year which closed on March 31st, 1924.
The total gross operating expenditure of the three institutions as shown in Table D amounted
to $585,111.70, as compared with $554,245.06 for the past year, an increase of $30,866.04. This
includes all expenditures by vouchers and produce purchased from the farm and is accounted
for by increase of population, salaries of employees, and new production from our cannery, etc.
The revenue, I regret to state, decreased from $88,295.53 in 1923 to $82,395.62 in 1924, a difference
of $5,899.91, principally due to general reduction of maintenance fees paid, reduction in the
number of paying soldier patients by S.C.R., and on account of financial conditions generally.
The net expenditure for all three mental institutions cost the Province $502,716.08, which,
figured with the total average population for these institutions of 1,732.37, gives a net per capita
cost of keeping patients of $290.19 per year, or 79.29 cents per day.    (See Table D.)
A review and comparison of this year's expenditures with that of last year should be of
interest, and I herewith quote you some of the principal headings of each Hospital.
At Public Hospital for Insane, New Westminster.
Fuel, Light, Water, and Power last year amounted to $25,744.02, or a per capita cost of
$42,666, whereas this year it was $23,222.78* with a cost of $36,929, or a reduction of $2,521.24.
Maintenance, Renewals, and Repairs of Buildings, etc.—In 1924 the sum of $19,534.84, or a
per capita of $31,064, against an expenditure in 1923 of $13,535.73, or a per capita cost of $22,433,
showing an increase this year over last of about $6,000, due to remodelling certain wards in
above institution.
Furniture and Fixtures.—Under this heading we have a reduction this year, compared with
last, of some $4,035.70, or $7,244 per capita; accounted for by the last expenditure in 1923,
furnishing certain wards in New AVestminster.
Clothing, Boots, and Slippers.—Quite a reduction is shown under this heading for the year,
owing to a large portion of tweed and serge (for the tailor-shop being purchased by Essondale,
to be made up in the shop for their employees.
Examination, Committal, and Transportation.—This heading is very much the same, transportation showing an increase of $601.25.
Incidentals and Unforeseen.—Actual expenditure in this heading very much the same. The
Occupational Therapy Department disposed of their stock, proceeds of which went to revenue, but
account shows reduction in inventories.
At Mental Hospital, Essondale.
Salaries shows some increase, due to increase of medical staff and service pay to employees.
Fuel, Water, Light and Power shows increase in all headings, principally in power, which is
increasing yearly.
Maintenance and Renewals of Buildings, etc., has increased about $1,400 over last year.
Furniture and Fixtures has increased by about $2,400 over last year, due to furnishing the
new Colony Farm Annex.
Provisions.—In 1923 the total of this heading amounted to $96,566.16, or a per capita of
$102,448, whereas this year it amounted to $104,969.04, a per capita of $108,906, or an increase
of $8,400.S8 and a per capita increase of $6.45S, all of which was in groceries and fish. .  14 Geo. 5 Bursar's Beport. P 33
Clothing, Boots, and Slippers.—This year's expenditure was $25,574.14, or a per capita of
$26.534;  1923 books show $23,015.70, or an increase of $2,558.44.
Incidentals and Unforeseen.—A very substantial decrease is noted in this account for the
year, amounting to $1,681.19.
At Saanich Mental Hospital.
A justified increase is shown under all headings, due to increase in population; the only
exception being maintenance and repairs, which has about doubled, due to improvements made
to grounds, buildings, and sidewalks.
Regarding capital expenditures, this is eliminated at New Westminster and Saanich Institutions, but during the past year the sum of $12,441.41 was expended at Essondale (for employees'
cottages.
I am pleased to report that the progress of the Financial Department of the institution is
on a satisfactory trend, as evidenced by the remarks of the auditors, who, as is customary, made
their annual visit and exhaustive inspection of our books.
In closing, I wish again to tender to my .assistants in both office and stores my appreciation
of their services to the institutions and myself during the year. The assistance of department
heads, together with your kindness and co-operation in everything pertaining to our work, has
made our duties a pleasure to perform.
All of which is respectfully submitted.
Gowan Macgowan,
Bursar. P 34 Mental Hospitals. 1924
PUBLIC HOSPITAL FOE  INSANE,  NEW WESTMINSTEE,
Balance-sheet, March 31st, 1924.
Assets.
Land  :  $ 80,000 00
Cemetery    610 89
Buildings       497,134 20
Plant and equipment        17,345 S2
Furniture and fixtures       17,900 00
Inventories—
Provisions 1  $ 1,803 72
Fuel          1,564 09
Furniture and fixtures      2,190 64
Maintenance and repairs      4,834 00
Clothing, boots, and slippers      10,170 03
Miscellaneous          412 97
 20,976 05
Deficit (cost of operations, 1923-24)       184,369 23
$818,336 19
Liabilities.
Government of British Columbia  $S18,336 19
Profit and Loss, March 31st, 1924.
Salaries   $ 89,897 30
Office supplies  1,718 10
Travelling expenses      173 73
Fuel, water, light, and power  23,222 78
Maintenance and repairs  19,534 84
Furniture and fixtures    8,300 42
Provisions   49,908 08
Clothing, boots and slippers  4,838 59
Medical and surgical supplies   2,230 37
Examinations, committals, and transportation   7,582 92
Incidentals and unforeseen   11,869 89
Patient-labour  (Colony Farm)   $    1,500 00
Collections for year to Treasury  33,407 79
Net operating cost for year   184,369 23
$219,277 02 $219,277 02 14 Geo. 5 Essondale. P 35
MENTAL HOSPITAL, ESSONDALE.
Balance-sheet, March 31st, 1924.
Assets.
Land  $   116,913 80
Buildings         641,668 78
Furniture and fixtures         36,008 28
Plant and equipment   52,990 59
Inventories  (unissued stores) —
Provisions     $    3,076 48
Clothing         4,831 44
Furniture and fixtures         1,092 8S
Fuel  601 40
Maintenance and repairs         4,352 21
         13,954 41
Deficit (cost of operations, 1923-24)   270,366 09
$1,131,901 95
Liabilities.
Government of British Columbia   $1,131,901 95
Profit and Loss, March 31st, 1924.
Salaries   ..: :  $123,593 61
Office supplies   3,121 27
Travelling expenses .'.  830 08
Fuel, water, light, and power   42,768 31
Maintenance and repairs   15,742 49
Furniture and fixtures   10,171 44
Provisions     104,967 04
Clothing, boots, and slippers   25,574 14
Medical and surgical supplies  3,099 20
Examinations, committals, and transportation  446 64
Incidentals and unforeseen   3,913 17
Patient-labour   (Colony Farm)     $     20,490 00
Collections for year to Treasury   43,371 30
Net operating cost for year   270,366 09
$334,227 39 $   334,227 39 P 36 Mental Hospitals. 1924
MENTAL HOME, SAANICH.
Balance-sheet, March 31st, 1924.
Assets.
Land    $ 12,100 00
Buildings       229,705 00
Furniture and fixtures       14,048 49
Airing and recreation court   750' 00
Implements and stock        4,431 50
Inventories—■
Provisions     $     372 73
Clothing    465 43
Sundries     30 00
Furniture and fixtures   322 80
Maintenance and repairs   187 69
 1,378 65
Deficit (cost of operations, 1923-24)    47,980 76
$310,394 40
Liabilities.
Government of British Columbia  $310,394 40
Profit and Loss Account, March 31st, 1924.
Salaries  $ 18,669 43
Office supplies   376 95
Travelling expenses   76 17
Fuel, water, light, and power  6,379 77
Maintenance and repairs  4,713 95
Furniture and fixtures  1,332 50
Provisions   12,426 85
Clothing  4,188 52
Medical and surgical supplies   315 36
Examinations, committals, and transportation   104 32
Incidentals    5,013 47
Collections for year to Treasury   $    5,616 53
Net cost of operations ....'  47,980 76
$53,597 29 $ 53,597 29 14 Geo. 5
Financial Tables.
P 37
FINANCIAL TABLES.
Iesidence each Y
ss Per Capita Cc
Table A.—Showing the Average Number of Patients in I
Amounts spent for Maintenance, and the Grc
ear, the Total
ST.
Year.
Average Number
in Residence.
Maintenance
Expenditure.
Per Capita
Cost.
1872 (81 days)	
1873	
16.57
10.07
16.7G
27.42
36.41
34.61
36.52
38.17
45.42
47.18
47.86
4S.73
48.70
54.67
59.11
73.55
79.43
71.30
78.78
119.87
125.24
133 92
148.64
162.97
171.43
188.91
216.53
226.44
243.24
269.56
296.62
332.23
351.55
340.90
374.57
419.24
490.80
526.85
563.33
641.02
736.72
550.54
384.07
487.24
489.07
515.74
560.56
524.17
633.13
535.66
716.35
585 38
752.78
562.12
755.46
90.51
567.47
834.10
108.67
596.07
890.32
120.05
603.40
942.60
127.57
628.85
963.83
139 69
$ 2,205 25
7,841 94
8,232 41
9,892 38
12,558 18
12,917 17
13,985 05
10,253 72
10,552 18
10,691 76
11,343 65
11,829 11
11,843 94
15,555 87
15,334 43
15,945 22
16,261 06
15,657 79
17,577 80
21,757 03
23,518 37
25,904 98
26,495 S3
31,587 89
32,001 40
36.224 76
46,420 25
54,917 45
59,349 20
55,406 08
55,345 65
59,353 57
66,052 76
63,342 07
66,596 69
74,874 64
90,269 49
96,586 32
103,900 44
126,782 50
130,924 06
119,663 71
71,079 84
125,981  45
131,420 44
123,021 70
123,878 43
116,052 21
155,698 37
124,124 68
166,231 51
156,574 85
222,097 37
236,631 90
357,630 99
40,433 28
233,486 76
336,585 35
51,995 87
210,887 45
321,150 35
47,860 96
214,672 13
312,955 52
47,215 01
219,277.02
334,227.39
53,59729
$616 00
487 98
1874	
491 20
1875	
360 77
1876...            	
344 91
1877  	
373 26
1878	
1879	
382 93
268 63
1880	
232 32
1881	
226 62
1882	
1883.                                                	
237 02
242 75
1884	
243 20
1885	
284 54
1886	
259 42
1887	
1888	
216 70
204 72
1889	
1890	
1891	
219 60
223 13
181 50
1892	
1893	
187 80
193 36
1894	
178 25
1895...                               	
193 83
1896	
186 67
1897	
191 75
1898	
214 38
1899	
242 52
1900	
244 00
1901	
205 54
1902	
186 59
1903..                             	
178 65
1904	
187 89
1905	
185 80
1906  ..            	
177 79
1907	
178 59
1908	
1909	
1910	
183 92
183 32
184 43
1911	
197 78
1912	
177 71
1913, M.H., New Westminster	
1913, M.H., Essondale (9 months)	
217 36
184 76
1914, M H., New Westminster	
1915, M.H., New Westminster	
258 56
268 36
238 53
1915, M.H., Essondale	
220 99
191(5, M.H., NewWestminster	
221 40
1916, M.H., Essondale	
245 91
1917, M.H., New Westminster	
231 72
1917, M.H., Essondale	
232 05
1918, M.H., New Westminster	
1918, M.H., Essondale	
267 47
295 03
1919-20, M.H., New Westminster (15 months)	
1919-20, M.H., Essondale (15 months)	
420 97
473 38
1919-20, M.H., Saanich (373 days)	
1920-21, M.H., New Westminster	
446 72
411 44
1920-21, M.H., Essondale	
403 52
1920-21, M.H., Saanich	
1921-22, M.H., New Westminster	
1921-22, M.H., Essondale   	
478 47
353 79
360 71
1921-22, M.H., Saanich	
1922-23, M.H., New Westminster	
1922-23, M.H., Essondale	
1922-23, M.H., Saanich	
1923-24, M.H., New Westminster	
1923-24, M.H., Essondale	
1923-24. M.H.. Saanich \	
398 67
355 77
332 01
370 11
348 69
346 76
383 68 P 38
Mental Hospitals.
1924
Table B.—Showing Analysis of the Per Capita Cost.
Year.
1872	
1873	
1874	
1875	
1876	
1877	
1878.... ....
1879	
1880	
1881	
1882	
1883	
1884	
1885	
1886	
1887	
1888	
1889	
1890	
1891	
1892	
1893	
1894	
1895	
1896	
1897	
1898	
1899	
1900	
1901	
1902	
1903	
1904	
1905	
1900	
1907	
1908	
1909	
1910	
1911 	
1912	
1913, M.H.,
New West.
1913, M.H.,
Essondale.
1914, M.H.,
New West.
1914, M.H.,
Essondale.
1915, M.H.,
New West.
1915, M.H.,
Essondale.
1916, M.H.,
New West.
1916, M.H.,
Essondale.
1917, M.H.,
New West.
1917,   M.H.,
Essondale.
Salaries.
8279 38
221 48
231 10
153 82
143 34
177 15
176 16
134 27
111 84
112 44
121 51
123 81
124 02
169 05
159 03
127 80
118 34
131 70
121 54
88 35
94 25
95 50
87 76
90 83
89 13
89 09
94 68
113 31
116 04
99 16
87 47
82 36
87 43
92 17
88 76
89 18
90 93
94 27
95 97
97 44
78 40
102 37
93 56
115 72
113 06
110 94
95 25
105 89
89 26
103 41
83 57
Provisions.
$1S4 03
166 81
152 10
113 40
114 45
126 75
124 23
95 10
87 71
81 14
84 52
92 56
90 64
84 33
69 35
59 10
60 47
59 11
62 77
54 79
56 74
53 55
57 07
61 15
55 93
58 18
69 43
72 91
72 62
66 65
61 13
57 86
60 01
54 09
53 15
48 47
49 17
53 41
48 43
58 08
56 37
54 07
49 90
68 15
81 42
64 32
62 84
74 96
75 18
72 20
79 98
Clothing.
$55 81
14 55
22 07
13 98
18 68
20 69
30 43
3 25
5 74
6 86
7 05
6 03
7 03
6 33
5 49
5 88
4 41
7 20
9 02
3 83
4 69
5 43
5 25
9 90
6 30
8 36
9 94
8 31
9 06
10 12
7 95
8 58
6 85
5 99
5 16
5 81
6 61
8 16
7 87
9 39
10 09
9 43
5 50
2 99
15 49
7 57
9 44
2 58
17 76
10 52
18 92
Fuel and
Light.
$22 44
23 65
23 98
16 88
22 75
4 66
13 94
15 91
14 06
12 73
12 30
11 04
12 43
15 05
16 20
15 38
13 90
12 93
17 31
20 43
20 53
22 60
18 83
20 41
20 29
19 11
21 82
33 96
32 10
18 52
15 25
14 77
17 84
17 93
15 92
19 82
17 63
13 02
21 32
18 84
19 36
25 27
25 13
24 13
28 93
20 30
24 87
18 52
26 96
18 29
23 39
Furniture.
$15 55
21 59
28 36
25 45
17 90
20 75
7 20
6 30
00
55
54
20
14
90
3 72
3 88
3 11
4 13
4 00
3 40
3 35
3 39
98
51
56
1)5
76
50
15
25
13
24
48
83
57
02
56
78
02
1 12
1 79
4 74
55
69
4 14
1 14
4 98
4 77
Medicines.
18
74
78
73
86
74
9 16
6 31
3 63
2 56
3 49
2 24
2 77
2 93
1 59
93
2 09
2 07
1 29
89
80
69
43
10
63
1
1
2
1
3
3
3 86
5 12
73
71
07
20
91
10
03
21
57
79
84
15
87
50
3 21
1 02
2 64
1 19
1 88
56
1 45
42
2 38
81
Miscellaneous.
$49 30
32 16
25 81
30 51
24 93
19 52
21 82
7 40
3 34
5 34
3 61
82
18
95
04
81
40
46
19
8 81
6 42
10 20
4 93
5 93
8 83
10 20
10 62
8 80
10 32
6 77
9 46
9 93
9 18
9 76
10 02
10 72
13 23
10 84
7 67
11 04
10 20
18 27
14 10
44 24
24 13
33 52
26 89
18 00
31 35
24 92
20 61
Total.
$616 69
487 98
491 20
360 77
344 91
373 26
382 93
268 63
332 32
226 62
237 02
242 75
243 20
284 54
259 42
216 78
204 72
219 60
223 12
181 50
187 80
193 36
178 25
193 83
186 67
191 75
214 37
242 52
244 00
205 54
186 59
178 65
187 89
185 SO
177 79
178 59
183 92
183 32
184 43
197 78
177 71
217 36
184 76
258 56
268 36
238 53
220 99
221 40
245 91
231 72
232 05
This accounting system discontinued in 1917, and new system installed as per Table B 1. 14 Geo. 5
Financial Tables.
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©©©        ©        ©        ©        ©©©        ©©©        ©©©        ©© P 42 Mental Hospitals. 1924
Table D.—Summary Statement showing the Gkoss and Net Per Capita Cost of Insane
Patients in the Three Institutions.
Public Hospital for Insane, New Westminster—
Total maintenance vouchers   $200,970 34
Colony Farm Produce Account  22,744 39
Mental Home, Saanich, supplies  56 25
Mental Hospital, Essondale, supplies    9,319 32
March 31, 1923.    Inventory, provisions   3,063 23
„             „             ,,           furniture and fixtures   3,282 25
„             ,,             .,           maintenance and repairs      4,075 56
clothing   5,642 00
„             „             „           miscellaneous   2,193 73
$251,347 07
Less proportion of salary, Farmer   $     660 00
,,     Clothing Account, Essondale  8,795 00
„     Shoemaker Account, Essondale   45 00
.,     Clothing Account, Saanich   1,594 00
„    patient-labour, Colony Farm  1,500 00
. „     March 31, 1924.    Inventory, fuel, water, light,
and power   1,564 69
„ ,, „ „ maintenance   and
repairs     4,834 00
,,             „             „             ,,           furniture and fixtures    2,190 64
„             ,,              „              „            provisions   1,803 72
clothing  10,170 03
,,             ,,             ,,             „           miscellaneous     412 97
33,570 05
Total, Public Hospital for Insane, New Westminster  $217,777 02
Provincial Mental Hospital, Essondale—
Total maintenance vouchers   $304,418 02
Colony Farm Produce Account       57,78S 57
Public Hospital for Insane Account          S,840 00
Mental Home, Saanich  58 80
March 31, 1923.    Inventory, provisions           2,372 47
clothing          4,437 15
., ,, „ furniture and fixtures         1,143 39
fuel  *        4,226 50
„ „ ,, maintenance and repairs         3,988 41
$387,273 31
Less Public Works Department   $    720 00
„     fuel to Colony Farm   1,869 77
board to Colony Farm employees  8,929 00
.,     transferred building (New Annex)   14,930 84
„     New Westminster clothing vouchers   9,319 32
„     Boys' Industrial School   3,322 58
„     patient-labour, Colony Farm   20,490 00
„     March 31, 1924.    Inventory, fuel, water, light,
and pow7er   601 40
„ ,, „ „ maintenance   and
repairs  4,352 21
Curried forward   $64,535 12 $387,273 31 $217,777 02 14 Geo. 5 Financial Tables. P 43
Table D.—Summary  Statement showing the Gross and Net Per Capita  Cost of  Insane
Patients in the Three Institutions—Continued.
Brought forward   $64,535 12 $387,273 31 $217,777 02
Provincial Mental Hospital, Essondale—Continued.
Less March 31, 1924.   Inventory, furniture and fixtures       1,092 SS
„ „ „ „ provisions       3,076 4S
clothing      4,831 44
 73,535 92
Total, Provincial Mental Hospital, Essondale :     313,737 39
Mental Home, Saanich—
Total maintenance vouchers  $ 51,477 05
New Westminster Hospital Tailor Account   1,594 00
Colony Farm Account   10 00
March 31, 1923.    Inventory, provisions   816 46
clothing   636 67
fuel  ,  176 25
„             ,,             ,,           miscellaneous   143 45
„             „           furniture and fixtures   237 11
$ 55,090 99
Less supplies to Essondale   $      58 SO
„     supplies to New Westminster   56 25
„     March 31, 1924.    Inventory, maintenance  and
repairs         187 69
„            „             „             „           furniture and fixtures          322 SO
„ „ „ „ provisions         372 73
„ „ ,, „ clothing          465 43
„ „ ,, „ miscellaneous     30 00
 1,493 70
Total, Mental Home, Saanich       53,597 29
Total operating expense for the three institutions,  New  Westminster,  Essondale,
and Saanich  $585,111 70
Less collections remitted to Treasury—■
Public Hospital for Insane, New Westminster  $ 33,407 79
Mental Hospital, Essondale       43,371 30
Mental Home, Saanich         5,616 53
•    ■ 82,395 62
Total net expense for the three institutions   $502,716 08
Total average population for the three institutions, 1,732.37, showing a net per capita cost of
$290.19 per year, or 79.29 cents per day. P 44 Mental Hospitals. 1924
Table E.—Expense and Revenue Statement of the New Westminster Hospital for 12 Months
fnded March 31st, 1924.
Operating Expense Accounts.
Operating expenditure by voucher—
Salaries—
Medical and clerical staff   $ 12,317 51
Other employees       81,839 79
 $ 94,157 30
Office supplies—
Books and journals   $      278 20
Postage and office supplies   754 65
Telephone and telegrams  -685 25
 1,718 10
Travelling expenses   173 73
Fuel, water, light, and power— . ,
Fuel  $ 18,927 05
Water            2,918 35
Eight and power  '.        2,942 07
 24,787 47
Maintenance and repairs—
Repairs and renewals   $ 19,305 14
Janitors' supplies   988 14
 20,293 28
Furniture and fixtures—
Bedding   $   3,295 75
Furniture and fixtures         2,196 27
Miscellaneous  '.         1,660 54
        7,152 56
Provisions—
Groceries  $ 21,598 20
Meats        5,777 72
Fish          2,605 10
 29,9S1 02
Uniforms and clothing—
Clothing   $    5,912 54
Boots and slippers  968 76
 6,881 30
Medical and surgical supplies—
Drugs   $    1,514 37
Surgical instruments and sundries  716 00
        2,230 37
Examinations, committals, and transportation—
Examinations   $      712 05
Committals   35 00
Transportation         6,835 87
 '■—       7,5S2 92
Incidentals and unforeseen—
Amusements   $      295 87
Gratuities  31 00
Funerals   '.  575 00
Auto-tires     149 28
Auto-repairs   738 38
Gasolene and oils   768 51
Tools and implements   295 65
Carried forward   $    2,853 69 $194,958 05 14 Geo. 5 Financial Tables. P 45
Table E.—Expense and Revenue Statement of the New Westminster Hospital for 12 Months
ended March 31st, 1924—Continued.
Operating Expense Accounts—Continued.
Brought, forward   $    2,853 69 $194,958 05
Operating expenditure by voucher—Continued.
Incidentals and unforeseen—Continued.
Freight and cartage   108 33
Miscellaneous         3,050 27
 6,012 29
Total expenditure for year by voucher   $200,970 34
Institution Trading Accounts—
From Colony Farm—
Dairy produce   $ 10,231 49
Meats         1,611 91
Vegetable produce          5,136 95
Canned  goods        1,687 20
Miscellaneous         4,076 84
 22,744 39
From Mental Home, Saanich, sundries  56 25
From Mental Hospital, Essondale, clothing .'        9,319 32
$233 090 30
Summary of Profit and Loss Accounts.
Yearly
Per Capita
Cost.
Salaries   $ 89,897 30 $142,955
Expenses—
Office supplies   1,718 10 2.732
Travelling expenses   173 73 0.276
Fuel, water, light, and power   23,222 7S 36.929
Maintenance and repairs   19,534 84 31.064
Furniture and fixtures  8,300 42 13.200
Provisions   49,908 08 79.364
Clothing, boots, and slippers   4,838 59 7.694
Medical and surgical supplies   2,230 37 3.547
Examinations, committals, and transportation   7,582 92 12.059
Incidentals and unforeseen  11,869 89 18.875
Total gross expenditure   $219,277 02       $348,695
Less patient-labour  (against market price for farm produce)....        1,500 00 2.385
$217,777 02        $346,310
Less Revenue Account (maintenance of patients)        33,407 79 53.125
Net cost of patients' maintenance to Government   $184,369 23       $293,185
Remarks.
Total patients in residence, New Westminster, March 31st, 1924     653
Daily average population, New Westminster, for year      628.85
Gross maintenance per capita cost, 1 year   $348.69
1 day 952
Net maintenance per capita cost, 1 year    293.18
1 day  801 P 46
Mental Hospitals.
1924
Table F.—Expense and Revenue
]
Op
Operating  expenditure by voucher-
Salaries—
Medical and clerical staff
Other employees 	
Statement of the Essondale
:nded March 31st, 1924.
crating Expense Accounts.
Hospital for 12
  $ 14,973 96
Months
$123,593 01
3,121 27
830 OS
41,012 08
31,037 13
10,120 93
58,007 43
26,447 75
3,099 20
446 04
     108,619 65
Office supplies—
Books and journals	
Postage and office supplies
Telegrams and telephone
Travelling expenses	
$      131 41
1,854 71
1.135 15
Fuel, water, light, and power—
Fuel    ,	
Water 	
$ 31,421 50
5,102 48
         4,489 00
Maintenance and repairs—
Repairs and renewals 	
Janitors' supplies 	
New Annex Building 	
$ 13,615 55
2,490 74
      14,930 84
Furniture and fixtures—
Bedding 	
Furniture and fixtures
Miscellaneous 	
Provisions—
Groceries 	
Meats _	
Fish   	
Uniforms and clothing—
Clothing              	
$   4,719 48
2,283 49
3,117 96
$ 43,692 26
10,297 67
4,017 50
  $ 24,116 07
Boots and slippers	
Medical and surgical supplies—
Drugs 	
2,331 68
$    1,487 79
1,611 41
Surgical instruments and su
Examinations, committals, and t
Examinations	
ndries .
transportation—
$         21 00
425 64
Incidentals and unforeseen—
Gratuities 	
Funerals  	
$      777 45
148 20
1,080 00
353 38
Auto-repairs 	
717 50
788 11
Tools and implements 	
426 23
Carried format
d 	
  $    4,290 87
$297,717 02 14 Geo. 5 Financial Tables. P 47
Table F.—Expense and Revenue Statement of the Essondale Hospital for 12 Months
ended March 31st, 1924—Continued.
Operating Expense Accounts—Continued.
Brought forward   $    4,290 87 $297,717 02
Operating expenditure by Toucher—Continued.
Incidentals and unforeseen—Continued.
Freight and cartage  199 14
Miscellaneous  '.        2,210 99
 6,701 00
Total expenditure for year by voucher  $304,41S 02
Institution Ti'ading Accounts!—
Colony Farm supplies—
Dairy produce   $ 23,196 09
Meats         6,519 00
Eggs         2,478 78
Poultry  690 35
Vegetables and produce      14,941 23
Canned goods         4,278 25
Incidentals          5,150 12
Gasolene, etc  534 75
 57,788 57
Mental Home, Saanich, geese  .   58 80
Public Hospital for Insane—
Uniforms and clothing   $    8,795 00
Boots     45 00
        8,840 00
$371,105 39
Summary of Profit and Loss Accounts.
Yearly
Per Capita
Cost.
Salaries   $123,593 61 $128,232
Expenses—
Office supplies   3,121 27 3.238
Travelling expenses   830 OS .861
Fuel, water, light, and power  •  42,768 31 44.373
Maintenance and repairs  15,742 49 16.333
Furniture and fixtures   10,171 44 10.553
Provisions   104,967 04 108.906
Clothing, boots, and slippers   25,574 14 26.534
Medical and surgical supplies   3,099 20 3.216
Examinations, committals, and transportation   446 64 .463
Incidentals and unforeseen  3.913 17 4.060
Total gross expenditure  $334,227 39       $346,769
Less patient-labour (against market price for farm produce)      20,490 00 21.259
$313,737 39       $325,510
Less Revenue Account (maintenance of patients)       43,371 30 45.000
Net cost to Government for maintenance of patients  $270,366 09       $280,510 P 48 Mental Hospitals. 1924
Remarks.
Total patients in residence, Essondale, March 31st, 1924     983
Daily average population, Essondale, for year     963.83
Gross maintenance per capita cost, 1 year   $346.76
1 day 947
Net maintenance per capita cost, 1 year    280.51
1 day  .766
Capital Expenditure.
Cottages   $12,441 41
Table G.—Expense and Revenue Statement of the Saanich Hospital for 12 Months ended
March 31st, 1924.
Operating Expense Accounts.
Operating expenditure by voucher—
Salaries—
Medical and clerical staff  $    3,000 00
Other employees        15,669 43
 $ 18,669 43
Office supplies—
Postage and office supplies   $      220 35
.  Telephone and telegrams  v  156 60
  376 95
Travelling expenses  76 17
Fuel, water, light, and power—
Fuel    $   5,132 49
Water   169 20
Light and power   901 83
 6,203 52
Maintenance and repairs—
Repairs and renewals   $    4,533 83
Janitors' supplies   367 81
 4,901 64
Furniture and fixtures—
Bedding   $      153 00
Furniture and fixtures   628 12
Miscellaneous  637 07
 1,418 19
Provisions—
Groceries   $   7,977 60
Meats         3,340 55
Fish    664 97
 11,983 12
Uniforms and clothing—
Clothing •  $   1,743 58
Boots and slippers   679 70
        2,423 28
Medical and surgical supplies—
Drugs   $      221 06
Surgical instruments and sundries  94 30
  315 36
Examinations, committals, and transportation—
Transportation   104 32
Carried forward   $ 46,471 98 14 Geo. 5 Financial Tables. P 49
Table G.—Expense and Revenue Statement of the Saanich Hospital for 12 Months ended
March 31st, 1924—Continued.
Operating Expense Accounts—Continued.
Brought forward   $ 46,471 98
Operating expenditure by voucher—Continued.
Incidentals and unforeseen—
Amusements   $ 335 50
Funerals    170 00
Auto-tires    123 33
Auto-repairs   454 33
Gasolene and oils   247 4S
Tools and implements   40 SO1
Freight and cartage  35 70
Miscellaneous   3,597 93
 5,005 07
Total expenditure for year by voucher  $ 51,477 05
Institution Trading Accounts—
New Westminster Hospital, clothing and uniforms          1,594 00
Colony Farm  10 00
$ 53,081 05
Summary of Profit and Loss Accounts.
Yearly
Per Capita
Cost.
Salaries   $ 18,669 43 $133,649
Expenses—■
Office supplies   376 95 2.698
Travelling expenses   76 i7 .545
Fuel, water, light, and power  6,379 77 45.671
Maintenance and repairs  4,713 95 33.747
Furniture and fixtures   1,332 50 9.539
Provisions   12,426 85 88.960
Clothing   4,188 52 29.984
Medical and surgical supplies     315 36 2.257
Examinations, committals, and transportation   104 32 .747
Incidentals and unforeseen   5,013 47 35.890
Total gross expenditure   $ 53,597 29       $383,687
Less collections to Treasury .'.        5,616 53 40.207
Net cost to Government for maintenance of patients  $ 47,980 76        $343,480
Remarks.
•    Total patients in residence, March 31st, 1924     14S
Daily average population for 1 year     139.69
Gross maintenance per capita cost, 1 year   $383.68
1 day          1.048
Net maintenance per capita cost, 1 year     343.48
1 day  939 P 50
Mental Hospitals.
1924
Revenue of Mental Hospitals since Inception.
1873  $1,440 99
1874  680 00
1875  1,342 60
1876  730 31
1877  799 91
1878  479 42
1879  867 38
1880  1,433 04
1881  614 99
1882  505 18
1883  298 24
1884  98 35
1885	
1886 "... 50 00
1887  720 59
1888  750 00
1889  220 00
1890  599 24
1891  761 15
1892  2,418 43
1893  1,585 40
1894   2,709 53
1895  $4,409 23 1916, NewWest.$18,135
1896  3,74171 1916, Kssondale. 21,889
1897  3,816 80 1917, New West. 21,435
1898  4,003 79 1917, Essondale.  25,350
1899  4,769 04 1918, New West. 35,169
1900  6,893 33 1918, Essondale. 32,100
1901  12,800 76 1919-20, N. West. 45,921
1902  10,926 23 1919-20, Es'ndale 53,740
1903  13,639 64 1919-20, Saanich    3,215
1904  15,004 22 1920-21, N.West. 38,323
1905  16,613 18 1920-21, Es'ndale 46,418
1906  19,058 42 1920-21, Saanich    3,580
1907  20,753 35 1921-22, N.West. 38,409
1908  25,807 S3 1921-22, Es'ndale 43,078
1909  25,845 65 1921-22, Saanich    4.263
1910  26,137 38 1922-23, N. West, 34,148
1911  30,100 20 1922-23, Es'ndale 48,448
1912  35,15197 1922-23, Saanich   5,698
1913  40,756 56 1923-24, N. West 33,407
1914  42,73183 1923-24, Es'ndale 43,371
1915, New West. 18,046 21 1923-24, Saanich    5,616
1915, Essondale. 16,329 72
91
74
93
09
86
14
06
40
39
55
81
31
52
91
65
55
69
29
79
30
53
TAILOR'S BEPORT, 1923-24.
Essondale.
Uniforms—
109 uniform suits at $40   $4,360 00
117 uniform pants at $10     1,170 00
Patients' clothing—■
82 suits, special, at $22  $1,804 00
65 suits at $19      1,235 00
23 pairs pants at $6.50       149 50
Stock, etc.—■
9 camisoles at $4  $     36 00
11 chair-covers at 25 cents  2 75
19 white milking-caps at 25 cents   4 75
18 small bed-ticks at 25 cents  4 50
100 pillow-ticks at 10 cents   10 00
3 strong canvas blankets at $'5   15 00
10 bed-ticks at 35 cents  3 50
Repairs—
2,684 coats repaired and pressed at 50 cents   $1,342 00
3,762 pants repaired and pressed at 40 cents      1,504 80
736 vests repaired and pressed at 30 cents        220 80
$ 5,530 00
3,188 50
76 50
 3,067 60
$11,862 80
Public Hospital for Insane.
Uniforms and extra pants—
46 uniform suits at $40   $1,840 00
46 uniform pants at $10        460 00
 $ 2,300 00
Carried forward  $ 2,300 00 14 Geo. 5                                           Tailor's Report. P 51
Public Hospital for Insane—Continued.
Brought foncard  $ 2,300 00
Patients' clothing—
29 suits at $22   $ 63S 00
40 suits at $19   700 00
42 pairs pants at $6.50   273 00
1 vest at $3  3 00
 1,674 00
Stock, etc.—
46 canvas rugs  (labour only)  at $5   $ 230 CO
34 bed-ticks (labour only) at 35 cents  11 90
24 pillow-ticks (labour only) at 10 cents ..„  2 40
2 straight-jackets (labour only)  at $1   2 00
4 straight-jackets (material supplied) at $4   16 00
4 overalls  (material supplied)  at $4.50  IS 00
2S0 30
Repairs—
321 coats repaired and pressed at 50 cents   $   160 50
557 pants repaired and pressed at 40 cents   222 SO
83 vests repaired and pressed at 30 cents*.  24 90
94 canvas rugs repaired at $1.50   141 00
549 20
4,803 50
Mental Home.
Uniforms and extra pants—
19 uniform suits at $40   $   760 00
15 uniform pants at $10  :       150 00
        910 00
Stock—
36 suits at $19     684 00
$ 1,594 00
Miscellaneous Work.
Pressing, alterations on patients' private clothing, etc  $      92 50
Totals.
Essondale   $11,862 60
Public Hospital for Insane       4,803 50
Mental Home       1,594 00
Miscellaneous   '.  92 50
$18,352 60
Statement of Tailor-shop, 1923-24.
Production—
For Mental Hospital, Essondale—
Attendants'  uniforms   $5,530 00
Patients' clothing   3,188 50
Sundries           76 50
Repairs    3,067 60
 $11,862 60
Carried forward  $11,862 60 P 52 Mental Hospitals. 1924
Statement of Tailor-shop, 1923-24—Continued.
Brought forward  $11,862 60
Production—Continued.
For Public Hospital for Insane, New Westminster—
Attendants'  uniforms   $2,300 00
Patients' clothing   1,674 00
Sundries        280 30
Repairs         549 20
 4,803 50
For Mental Home, Saanich—
Attendants'  uniforms   $  910 OO
Patients' clothing       684 00
 1,594 OO
Miscellaneous work  _.        92 50
$18,352 60
Proceeds of sale of rags          19 55
Material ou hand, March 31st, 1924      7,185 05
 $25,557 20
Costs— •
Material on hand, March 31st, 1923  $ 2,834 07
Salaries—
Tailors  $3,720 00'
Seamstresses     2,400 00
 6,120 00
Electric power $    50 00
Electric light        30 00
  80 00
Material purchased   11,948 66
 20,982 73
Profit on operations  $ 4,574 47
SHOEMAKER'S REPORT, 1923-24.
New Westminster.
New work—
7S pairs men's boots  $    473 00
25 pairs men's slippers          77 00
4 pairs women's slippers          15 00
1 pair women's boots   6 00
 $    571 00
Repairs—
.221 pairs men's boots  $    452 95
149 pairs women's boots         223 35
        676 30
$ 1,247 30 14 Geo. 5 Production Tables. P 53
Essondale.
New work—
5% pairs men's boots  $       45 00
Repairs—
500 pairs men's boots  '. $   991 35
294 pairs men's slippers       223 45
 1,214 80
$ 1,259 80
Statement of Shoemaker-shop, 1923-24.
Production—
New Westminster—
New work  $   571 00
Repairs      676 30
 $ 1,247 30
Essondale—■
New work  .". $     45 00
Repairs    1,214 80
 1,259 80
Material on hand, March 31st, 1924        314 92
 $ 2,822 02
Costs—
Salary of Shoemaker  $ 1,320 00
Material purchased  .'       922 26
Light and power  35 00
■ Material on hand, March 31st, 1923         520 80
 2,798 06
Profit   .• , $      23 96
PRODUCTION TABLES.
Work done by Patients, Essondale, 1923-24.
Days. Days.
Attic        4,400 General work   3,419
Bake-shop     1,200 Kitchen and scullery  3,960
Billiard-room and basement      4,600 Laundry   7,300
Boiler-room and Engineers      1,750 Lawns  :  2,037
Carpenter         300 Miscellaneous    3.95S
Civil Engineer        950 Mason and plasterer   2,190
Clearing   :..       653 Painter   .'  2,433
Coal and coke      1,929 Roads     1,478
Colony Farm and Nursery   21,990 Rock-crushing, etc  637
Dining-rooms      8,430 Stables and teaming   1,088
Dykes, drains, and ditches     1,167 Tool-house   304
Excavating and grading     4,483 Ward-work  65.000
Feeble-minded Building        730 WTater-mains    232
Team-work.
Days. Days.
Grade       317% Rocks   33
Gravel    '..    101% Roads   81
General        383 Cordwood  .,;  16
Coal and coke     224% Colony Farm  17% P 54
Mental Hospitals.
1924
Work done by Male Patients, New Westminster, 1923-24.
Days.
Auto-truck   366
Baker     1,090
Carpenter   792
Chicken-run   732
Dining-room   5,202
Engineer  1,009
Farmer   4,460
Florist   244
Gardener  4,021
Gate  366
Kitchen   2,002
Laboratory   366
Laundry    2,145
Days.
Lawns   1,364
Painter   1,551
Piggery   1,939
Plasterer and mason   565
Plumber   :  297
Porter   L097
Scullery     441
Shoemaker   552
Tailor   550
Teamster     413
Cemetery    589
Ward-work  4,827
Articles made by Female Patients, New Westminster, 1923-24.
Aprons   	
Dresses, gingham
Dresses, night 	
Chemises	
Handkerchiefs   ....
Neckties  	
Mats, rag 	
Petticoats 	
Sheets 	
Table-cloths 	
Roller-towels 	
37S
187
131
318
400
348
50
123
900
73
92
Hand-towels ...
Tea-towels 	
Tray-cloths   ....
Table-napkins
39
180
134
90
Pillow-slips        1,015
Pillow-shams 	
Curtains, pairs 	
Bureau-covers 	
Gowns, operating-room
Caps, uniform 	
Cuffs, uniform, pairs ....
44
94
130
- 6
96
76
Article's made for Essondale by New Westminster, 1923-24.
Sheets   8,640 Feather pillows	
Roller-towels   336 Curtains, pairs 	
Pillow-slips     438 Carpet-runners,
Table-cloths   30
feet
99
IS
726
Mending done by Female Patients, New AVestminster, 1923-24.
Aprons   	
Wool blankets
Blouses 	
Chemises	
  765
  661
  280
  836
Drawers, pairs   3,768
Dresses  2,053
Hose '.  3,958
Pillow-slips     263
Sheets   1,789
Skirts  1,373
Spreads  642
Table-cloths   483
Bath-towels ..
Roller-towels
Bed-ticks   	
Pillow-ticks  ..
  137
  311
  215
  101
Undervests   1,592
Top shirts   2,374
Undershirts   2,950
Socks, pairs   12,456
White coats   101
Sweaters     45
Overalls     53
Rhubarb ....
Gooseberry
Raspberry
Plum  	
Fruit put up in Kitchen, New Westminster, 1923-24.
Quarts.
98
82
40
120
Red currants
Cherries  	
Pears 	
Tomato pickles
Quarts.
80
60
85
110 14 Geo. 5 Supplies, New Westminster. P 55
Made by Plumber, New Westminster, 1923-24.
7 pails, 2% gallons each. 1 dipper, % gallon.
2 tea-cans, 3 gallons each.
Laundry-work done for Provincial Industrial School for Boys by7 Essondale, 1923-24.
2,860 aprons at 2 cents  $ 57 20
1,300 blankets at 20 cents   260 00
1,040 bed-spreads at 10 cents  104 00
210 curtains at 5 cents   10 50
1,404 coats, white, at 10 cents .•  140 40
2,060 overalls at 15 cents   309 00
9,100 pillow-slips at 2 cents  182 00
1,144 pairs pants at 10 cents  ,  114 40
3,704 shirts at 5 cents   185 20
3,640 shirts, night, at 6 cents  218 40
9,008 shirts at 3 cents   270 24
12,220 socks at 2 cents   244 40
988 sweaters at 10 cents   98 SO
14,820 towels at 2; cents   296 40
2,536 table-covers at 6 cents :  152 16
1,144 napkins at 2 cents   22 88
6,240 combination suits at 9 cents   561 60
Sundries at  95 00
$3,322 58
SUPPLIES, NEW WESTMINSTER.
Garden Produce, 1923-24.
Fruit.
Apples   9,800 lb. Red currants  1,000 lb.
Cherries    1,250 „ Black currants        60 „
Strawberries        285 „ Rhubarb   3,408 „
Raspberries      274 „ Plums  1,375 „
Gooseberries     285 „
Vegetables.
Green onions   2,150 lb. Beets    5,455 lb.
Cooking-onions      3,000 „ Cabbage        990 „
Ripe tomatoes   1,100 „ String beans        500 „
Early potatoes   6,040 „ Lettuce          267 doz.
Green peas        640 „ Cucumbers     1,080
Green corn       300 doz. Parsnips    4,000 lb.
Carrots     11,250 lb. Chard   2,308 „
Farm Produce.
Chicken, dressed      335% lb. Pork, dressed   11,892 lb.
Duck, dressed     446     „ Eggs      1,737 doz. P 56
Mental Hospitals.                                                 1924
Farm and
To Cost of maintenance—
Feed	
Veterinary fees
Services  	
SUPPLIES, 6
Garden Produce, Men
Dairy Department
 $   623 50
          5 00
15 00
;a^
TAL
a
By
V-
Bj
lNICH.
Home, Colquitz, 1923-24.
Cows).
Produce—
Milk, 41,735.3 lb. at 4 cents....$l,669 40
Veal, 186 lb. at 16 cents                29 76
Beef, 600 lb. at 8.4 cents               50 40
Cost of cow 	
Profit 	
To Maintenance 	
Profit   	
      125 00
      911 00
Increase by calf         30 00
$1,779 56
$1,779 56
Piggei
 $  544 00
269 16
Dressed pork, 4,613 lb. at lie $   507 43
Pork sold on hoof,  1,965 lb.  at
8% cents       106 53
Pork sold on hoof,  1,740 lb. at
8 cents       139 20
$   813 16
$   813 16
To Maintenance
Profit  	
Poultry Department.
i  361 20          By Eggs, 9S1 11/12 doz. at 35 cents..$ 343 68
270 90                 Dressed fow7l, 284 lb. at 30 cents.. 85 20
Dressed duck, 180 lb. at 30 cents.. 54 00
Dressed turkey, 60 lb. at 30 cents 18 00
Dressed geese, 144 lb. at 28 cents 40 32
Turkey to Essondale, 107 lb. at
30 cents   32 10
Geese  to  Essondale,  210  lb.   at
2S cents   58 80
$   632 10
Rabbits.
To Maintenance
Profit  	
.$    94 60
91 SO
$   1S6 40
Fruit, Vegetables,
To Cost of seeds  $    56 50
Seed-wheat          10 00
Seed-oats         14 00
Fertilizer       105 50
Manure           12 00
Profit    2,084 48
By
Dressed rabbit, 42S lb. at 30c.
Increase of stock 	
632 10
..$   128 40
5S 00
$   186 40
and Field Produce.
By Fruit consumed  $ 176 20
Vegetables consumed   916 63
Stock-feed consumed  973 85
Vegetables on hand  170 00
Stock-feed on hand  45 SO
$2,2S2 48
$2,282 48 14 Geo. 5 Supplies, Saanich. P 57
Farm and Garden Produce, Mental Home, Colquitz, 1923-24—Continued.
Summary.
To Profit-
Dairy  $   911 06
Piggery     269 16
Poultry     270 90
Rabbits     91 SO
Garden and field   2,084 48
$3,627 40
Fruit, Vegetables, and Field Produce.
Fruit.
Apples, 2,600 lb. at 2% cents   $ 65 00
Apples, crab, 60 lb. at 2 cents   1 20
Pears, 600 lb. at 3 cents  18 00
Plums, 1,450 lb. at 3 cents   43 00
Raspberries, 939 lb. at 5 cents :  46 00
Black-caps, 60 lb. at 5 cents  3 00
 $   176 20
Vegetables.
Beans, broad, 67 lb. at 7 cents   $   4 69
Beans, dwarf, 308 lb. at 7 cents   21 56
Beets, 839 lb. at 2 cents   16 78
Celery, 121 heads at 5 cents  6 05
Citrons, 243 lb. at 5 cents   10 15
Cucumbers, 222 at 4 cents   8 88
Cauliflowers, 59 heads at 15 cents     8 55
Cabbage, 3,500 lb. at 3 cents   105 00
Carrots, 3,942 lb. at 2 cents  ,  78 S4
Corn, 2,993 cobs at 2 cents   59 SO
Leeks, 350 lb. at 4 cents  14 00
Lettuce, 942 lb. at 1 cent   9 42
Pumpkins, 204 lb. at 2 cents  4 08.
Squash, 180 lb. at 2 cents  3 60
Onions, green, 390 lb. at 5 cents  ,  19 50
Onions, dry, 2,629 lb. at 3% cents   92 01
Radishes, 18 lb. at 3 cents   84
Peas, 257 lb. at 5 cents   15 42
Potatoes, 16,336 lb. at 1% cents .'  245 04
Parsnips, 975 lb. at 2 cents   19 55
Rhubarb, 963 lb. at 3 cents   28 89
Swiss chard, 607 lb. at 1 cent  6 07
Kale, 130 lb. at 1 cent   1 30
Tomatoes, 1,498 lb. at 8 cents   119 84
Tomatoes, green, 130 lb. at 2 cents  ;  2 60
Turnips, white, 388 ib. at 1% cents   5 SS
Turnips, yellow, 1,183 lb. at 1 cent  11 S3
      916 63
Feed consumed by Stock.
Carrots, white, 16,105 lb. at 1 cent   $161 05
Carrots, red, 6,747 lb. at 1 cent  67 47
Carried forward    $228 52 $1,092 S3 P 58 Mental Hospitals. 1924
Fruit, Vegetables, and Field Produce—Continued.
Feed consumed by Stock—Continued.
Brought, forward   $228 52 $1,092 83
Parsnips, 225 lb. at 2 cents   4 50
Beets, 361 lb. at 1% cents   5 41
Mangels, 17,000 lb. at 1 cent   170 00
Wheat-hay, 7,000 lb. at $30 per ton   105 00
Oat-hay, 34,000 lb. at $25 per ton   425 00
Potatoes, 7,084 lb. at % cent   35 42
.       973 85
Vegetables on Hand.
Potatoes, 9,000 lb. at 1% cents   $135 OO
Carrots, 1,000 lb. at 2 cents       20 00
Onions, dried, 300 lb. at 5 cents        15 00
      170 00
Stock-feed on Hand.
Hay, timothy, 2,000 lb. at $28 per ton   $ 28 00
Scratch, 200 lb        6 30
Bran, 100 lb .:       1 50
Oats, 500 lb :      10 00
        45 SO
$2,282 4S   14 Geo. 5 Colony Farm. P 59
PART III—COLONY FARM.
FARM SUPERINTENDENT'S REPORT.
Essondale, B.C., March 31st, 1924.
Dr. H. C. Steeves, B.A., M.D., CM.,
General Medical Superintendent, Public Hospital for Insane,
New Westminster, B.C.
Sir,—I have the honour to submit herewith report on the operations of Colony Farm for
the fiscal year ended March 31st, 1924.
From almost every point of view the past season has been one of the most satisfactory in
the history of the farm. Weather conditions throughout the year were particularly favourable
and generally good crops were the results. The root-crop, however, suffered to some extent
from the depredations of the hop-flea, but this was the only malady of any consequence which
affected the crops.
The total production from every branch of the farm shows an increase of some 11 per cent,
over that for the previous year, while the total cost of production in every branch shows an
increase, of 2.3 per cent. These cost figures include, besides cash outlay, all fuel and board
supplied by the Hospital, as well as purely book figures, such as horse-labour. These figures
tend to prove that, with the size of equipment which we are obliged to maintain, the greater
production we can maintain in all departments, the greater will be the net profit, with the result
that we should be in a better position to supply our institutions with the commodities they
require at a cheaper price than could be obtained in the open market.
Work-horses.—It will be noticed that we maintain a large force of work-horses. While this
number may be in excess of the ordinary farm requirements, it must be remembered that not
only has the usual farm routine to be taken care of, but we have also all the development which
is necessary for many years after the inception of an institution. This, of course, means
maintaining extra horses and equipment. This farm is in no way comparable to the average
farm, in that, in addition to ordinary field crops, we have a very considerable acreage under
vegetables and small fruits. The work-horse labour account shows a satisfactory profit, but
these figures are arrived at by entries between the various departments and the profit shown is
consequently reflected in greater cost of production in other departments. A small number of
mares were bred to the imported Clydesdale stallion " Dunure Lens " during this season. The
cost of horse-labour was reduced by about 4 cents per horse-hour.
Cattle.—Milk production has kept pace with the requirements of the institution and the
cost of production was reduced by 3.3 cents per gallon; in the previous season the reduction
was 5 cents per gallon, so that a net reduction of 8.3 cents per gallon is shown for the two years.
A total of 946,356.7 lb. of milk was produced from an average of sixty-three cows, or a
yearly average per cow of 15,021.5 lb., so that in spite of the lower cost the production per cow
was not appreciably reduced. We consider that we have been fortunate in maintaining this
high average, as when a herd has been developed to this point it is a matter of constant care
to avoid an occasional lapse to a lower figure. During the year fifty-seven heifers and cows
were run on Record of Performance test, with an average production of 16,287 lb. milk and
553 lb. fat, equivalent to 681 lb. butter. These animals can be divided into two classes—those
milking the full year, of which thirty-six averaged 17,234 lb. milk and 732 lb. butter, and those
milked for ten months (producing a calf within the year), of which twenty-one produced 14,665
lb. milk and 620 lb. butter. These figures show that we are aiming to develop a herd of good
average producers rather than a few abnormally high-producing individuals. The outstanding
record of the year was that of " Colony Wayne Perfection," a 2-year-old, which produced 25,230
lb. milk and 952 lb. butter.
The general health of the herd continues good and it is larger in number than at any
period in the history of the farm.    The inventory value of the cow herd is shown at $30,775, P 60 Mental Hospitals. 1924
which is the actual market value of herd at date. Cattle were exhibited at the three leading
fairs of the Province and in spite of strong competition from outside the Province they were
uniformly successful. Exhibiting at these fairs involves considerable expense each year, but
were we allowed to collect prize-money it would result in a very satisfactory profit. In any case,
however, valuable advertising is obtained, which helps in the sale of young stock, and great
experience is gained in regard to herd improvement.
Sheep.—The usual flock of pure-bred Oxford Down sheep has been kept, and all the products,
with the exception of the wool, have been supplied to the institution. As new land is cleared
there will be room for real expansion in this department.
Hogs.—We are glad to report profitable development in this department. The herd of purebred Yorkshire hogs has been considerably increased and we have been able to supply to the
institution a greatly increased amount of fresh and cured meats. Following the building of
the new piggery at Essondale, we have added curing and smoking -rooms and sausage-making
equipment. This allows us to handle the pork products w7ith an absolute minimum of waste.
The improvement in both quantity and quality of these products has already more than justified
the moderate expenditure made and presents an encouraging outlook for future development.
Poultry.—This department has not been increased in size of flock or equipment, but it is
satisfactory to note a great reduction in the loss shown. With new buildings and a certain
amount of reorganization this department could advantageously be increased to twice its present
size.
Nursery and Truck-gardens.—This department shows the usual profit, but we regret to
report that this profit is largely due to the distribution of ornamental trees and shrubs to
School Boards and public institutions. This nursery-work has now grown to such an extent
that it is decidedly interfering with the production of fruit and vegetables for the institutions.
Besides the nursery, which is necessary to care for our own needs at Essondale, we are
attempting to care for some 12 acres of densely planted nursery stock. This work and the
production of spring vegetables for the institution we are attempting with only three employees.
The rush of shipping nursery stock comes at a time when we should be planting and caring
for food crops. Consequently neither is taken care of satisfactorily and the institution has
undoubtedly suffered most. The early vegetables which we have succeeded in raising have
been produced as field crops and it has been necessary to leave the berry-farm to the care of
inexperienced men. It will be necessary to remedy this condition before satisfactory supplies
of early vegetables and small fruits can foe made to the institutions.
Cannery.—This department, which was instituted as an experiment two years ago, has
amply justified its existence. At a small cost of installation and operation we have been able
to can all the surplus fruits and vegetables which we have Been able to gather, with the result
that we have supplied both Hospitals with canned fruit throughout the off-season. The operation
of the cannery shows a very satisfactory profit, though its produce has been charged to the
Hospitals at considerably less than wholesale prices. It is of interest to note that all the work
of the cannery is performed by patients, with the exception of one employee in charge.
Clearing on the Wilson Ranch has been proceeding slowly owing to the scarcity of patient-
labour. During the year the right-away for the dyke was completed and the contract for the
new dyke, under the supervision of the Public Works Department, is nearing completion.
It is hoped that with a small crew of paid labourers and the donkey-engine we shall be
able to get a few acres of new land under cultivation during the coming season.
I wish to express to you my appreciation of the loyal assistance which I have received from
all those associated with me during the year. It is due to their efforts that I have been able
to report the above results of the year's operations.
All of which is respectfully submitted.
P. H. Moore,
Farm Superintendent. 14 Geo. 5 Colony Farm. P 61
BURSAR'S REPORT.
Essondale, B.C., August 30th, 1924.
H. C. Steevcs, B.A., M.D., CM.,
General Medical Superintendent, Mental Hospitals,
New Westminster, B.C.
Sir,—In reviewing the balance-sheets and Profit and Loss Accounts of Colony Farm operations
for the fiscal year ended March 31st, 1924, it is gratifying indeed to bring to your attention
the very handsome profit which the farm shows for the period under review, amounting to the
sum of $15,782.50 after writing off the sum of $2,429.10, which occurred from the death of stock.
The Farm Superintendent and all heads of departments under him are to be congratulated on
this substantial increase over the figures of last year, which amounted to $300.75.
Dairy and Herd Department.—The total milk production for the year, amounting to 946,356.7
lb., which was produced at a total cost of $31,553.65, gives a cost of 33% cents per gallon. This
is a splendid comparison with the cost of production of this commodity last year, which produced
956,999.8 lb. at 36.6 cents perl, gallon, and is a further reduction of some 3.3 cents per gallon in
the cost of our milk. The comparison between this year's cost and that of two years ago shows
a reduction of 8 cents per gallon. The herd inventory shows an increase from $28,570 last year
to $30,775 this year, at a conservative valuation, after taking a loss of $1,125 on revaluation
of our matured cows. They also sustained a loss oi $1,829.41 from animals slaughtered to keep
the herd absolutely clean of disease.
Yearling Department (Cattle).—In this department a small profit of $208.48 was made on
account of sales, but a loss of $3,542.30' taken on yearlings transferred to Matured Cows Account.
In other words, the cost of keep and raising young stock was capitalized, and at maturity they
are actully valued by the Farm Superintendent, and the difference between cost of raising and
the actual value is shown in the profit and loss of the Yearling Department.
Calves Department (Cattle).—The abstract of loss for this department shows deaths
responsible for $311.71 and a loss on calves butchered of $339.49, making a total of $650.20, as
compared with the total loss of $362.14 last year.
Work-horse and Labour Department.—This department produced in labour 45,398 hours, at
a cost of 31% cents per horse-hour, which is a reduction in cost of about 4% cents per horse-
hour. All departments were charged at the rate of 50 cents per horse-hour, and labour for the
department shows a profit for the year of $7,101.19, in comparison with $5,400.21 last year.
In this department we had a loss by the death of a mare, together with revaluation of
inventories by the Farm Superintendent, totalling $1,320, as compared with $915 last year.
Sheep Department.—This department made a small profit of $350.79, as compared with
$1,066.67 shown in last year's report. This reduction on the profits of this department is
accounted for by the reduced amount of lamb and mutton supplied the institution for this year,
amounting to $371.25, as compared with $1,509.98 last year.
Hog Department.—This department, which is a very important one to our institution,
exceeded last year's profits by a small margin, showing a net profit of $3,300.01, for the year under
review. Receipts from cash sales, together with produce sold to the institutions at average
weekly market prices, shows an increase, but expenditures were higher. We finished the year
with an increase in inventory value of hogs on hand.
Poultry Department.—As prophesied last year in my report to you that this department
was capable of a more substantial showing, it has somewhat reduced its loss from the sum of
$677.47 last year to $148.39 this year. This department is gradually recovering and no doubt
the coming year will see it on a sound basis.
Truck-garden and Nursery.—This department shows an increased profit over that of last
year of $3,323.23. While the sales to the institution, accounted for a proportion of this increase,
the majority was the result of the sale of nursery stock to public institutions throughout the
Province. The inventory as at March 31st, 1924, was about $1,343 in excess of that of the
former year. The shrinkage and rot of vegetables was again reduced and this year only
amounted to the sum of $235 out of the enormous crop produced last year. This marked
reduction of $235, as compared with the loss of $5,781.37 suffered in the year of 1922, fully
justifies the recommendation of the Farm Superintendent in the expenditure made for root-houses.
Cannery Department.—The experiment with this new department now seems to be fully
justified  and shows  the handsome profit of $5,380.49,  as compared  with  $2,041.67 last year. P 62 Mental Hospitals. 1924
It has helped us materially in the variation of our diet in the institutions and saved valuable
fruits from wasting, at a season of the year when it is so plentiful that it is not appreciated.
Field-crop Department.—This department records production and expenditure of potatoes,
oats, hay, ensilage, onions, carrots, roots, etc., and shows a marked improvement in profits. The
attached itemized sheets are worthy of inspection and the yields and cost figures interesting.
The total profit under this department for this fiscal year totalled $16,245.02 and compares
favourably with any of our recent year crops.
Maintenance  and  Administration.—This  heading  includes  all  maintenance  vouchers   and
administration expenses bearing repairing, painting, and upkeep of buildings, and, naturally, is
the heaviest loss item in our report.   This year there has been a reduction of $1,767.77 in the
loss for the year under review, and I am given to understand the farm has upheld the standard
of efficiency both in appearance and general state of its buildings and equipment.
All of which is respectfully submitted.
G. S. Macgowan, Bursar.
BALANCE-SHEET,   COLONY   FARM   AND   BRANCHES.
April 1st, 1923, to March 31st, 1924.
Land  Account— Assets. »     .. T. .......
Assets. Liabilities.
Colony Farm  $107,390 13
Wilson Annex       71,872 58
 $179,202 71
Buildings, plants     195,219 19
Water system       4,311 25
Bridge          7,571 89
Fencing, pavement, etc      57,833 82
Equipment        26,594 34
Live stock—
Bulls, as per inventory  $    1,500 00
Cows, as per inventory      30,775 00
Calves, as per inventory       2,749 S5
Yearlings, as per inventory         3,403 00
Work-horses, as per inventory       7,510 00
Sheep, as per inventory         1,375 00
Hogs, as per inventory         4,S22 79
Poultry, as per inventory        1,522 65
 53,658 29
Sundry inventories—
Feed  $ 18,699 42
Cannery 1       3,891 50
Gasolene    46 OS
Cream  25 65
Nursery and truck-garden       43,482 07
 66,144 72
Accounts receivable—
Sundry     $    1,760 50
Notes receivable   500 00
 2,260 50
Growing Crops Apportionment Account         7,107 27
Liabilities.
Suspense Account  $      183 4S
Surplus Account  $765,083 26
Loss to March 31st, 1923  $ 63,360 26
Less Patient-labour Account     117,725 00
 181,085 26
  583,998 00
Profit for year ended March 31st, 1924      15,782 50
$599,963~98 $599^963~ 98 14 Geo. 5
Colony Faem.
P 63
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Mental Hospitals.
1924
DAIRY   AND   HERDS   DEPARTMENT.
Profit and Loss Account, March 31st, 1924.
Expenses.
Total expense for twelve months :  $ 31,553 63
March 31, 1923.    Inventory   18 22
 $31,571 85
Production.
Dairy produce supplied   $ 39.6S0 73
Ice supplied   27 00
March 31, 1924.    Inventory   25 65
 39,733 38
Profit for twelve months   $   8,161 53
!-.„.„„ Pboduction and Costs Account, Maech 31st, 1924. Production.
uairy— Lb M1U-
Salaries and upkeep   $1,728 92
Fuel    856 97
 $   2,585 89
Test-cows—
Vouchers   $ 3,780 08
Feed       9,102 15
Board of employees     1,485 00
 14,367 23
General herd—
Salaries and upkeep   $ 5,406 43
Horse-labour          501 00
Pasturage         400 00
Feed      7,277 78
Board      1,742 50
 15,327 71
$ 32,280 83
Less allowance for manure  727 20
$ 31,553 63
March 31, 1923.    Inventory   18 22
Total cost  : $ 31,571 85     946.356.7
Milk Production, March 31st, 1924.
1923. Production. Cost
April    84,431.7                $ 2,383 23
May   98,870.7 2,177 SS
June     84,480.9 2.139 36
July   80,253.8 2,137 33
August     77,600.3 2,142 31
September     72,195.1 2.292 43
October  -  71.940.9 2,655 05
November  64,905.8 2,656 79
December   69,926.8 3,021 IS
1924.
January    77,387.8 3,851 59
February    :  75,919.0 3,297 49
March   88,443.9 2,798 99
Totals    946,356.7 $31,553 63
Average cost of production, pasturizing, etc., 33% cents per gallon. OS tS
* 8  14 Geo. 5
Colony Farm.
P 65
BULL   DEPARTMENT.
Profit and Loss Account, March 31st, 1924.
Name of Animal.
Asset
Value.
Selling-
price.
Remarks.
1923.
July      31.  Colony Johan Posch....
March 31. Lord Aaggie McKinley
Loss	
$300 00
400 00
$400 00
103 50
Sold.
Butchered.
$700 00
503 50
$503 50
$196 50
MATURE   COW   DEPARTMENT.
Profit and Loss Account, March 31st, 1924.
Name of Animal.
Asset
Value.
Selling-
price.
Remarks.
1923.
June    1.  Colony Fayne Canary	
Colony Contest Segis	
Aug.   17. Colony  P.S.  Segis	
Sept. 30. Colony Segis McKinley	
Colony Lady Ormsby	
Colony N.S.  Clothilde	
Hides   (less killing charges)..	
Oct.    22. Colony Effle Ormsby	
Morag Veeman DeKol	
Colony Beulah Pauline Korndyke	
Colony Faforit McKinley	
Colony Cora Cornucopia	
1924.
Feb.   29. Colony Aaggie Pieteje	
Colony   Poetess   Valdessa..	
Written off by Farm  Superintendent on  revaluation
of herd
Loss..
( 60 00
350 00
300 00
250 00
100 00
450 00
350 00
75 00
20O 00
200 00
200 00
400 00
75 00
1,125 00
$4,135 00
1,180 59
133 33
133 33
165 20
165 60
165 20
3 25
73 35
75 00
68 30
75 80
56 23
66 00
$1,180 59
$2,954 41
Slaughtered.
Slaughtered.
Died.
Slaughtered.
Slaughtered.
Slaughtered.
Died.
Slaughtered.
Slaughtered.
Slaughtered.
Slaughtered.
Slaughtered.
Slaughtered.
Abstract of Loss.
Loss on deaths and slaughtered  $1,829 41
Loss on revaluation      1,125 00
$2,954 41 P 66
Mental Hospitals.
1924
YEARLING   DEPARTMENT.
Profit and Loss Account, March 31st, 1924.
Name of Animal.
Asset
Value.
Selling
price.
Remarks.
1923.
April   24.  Colony   Vale  Newman	
Colony Douglas Posch	
May     23. Colony C.B.  Westport.....	
Sept.      4. Colony Abbekirk Posch..	
1924.
Jan.     31. Colony Duchess Pauline	
Colony Countess Posch	
Colony Canary McKinley	
March 31.  Colony Posch Champion  5th..
Colony Posch Champion IX...
Loss on yearlings transferred to Cow Account..
Loss..
270 70
256 20
173 60
179 02
280 88
204 75
186 37
279 30
3,589 40
$5,420 22
2,086 40
$3,333 82
160 00
200 00
200 00
150 00
350 00
350 00
350 00
250 00
76 40
$2,086 40
Sold.
Sold.
Sold.
Sold.
Sold.
Sold.
Sold.
Transferred to
Bull Account.
Profit on exchange.
Abstract of Imss.
Loss on yearlings transferred  $3,542 30
Profit on sales  ,       208 48
Loss   $3,333 82 14 Geo. 5
Colony Farm.
P 67
CALVES   DEPARTMENT.
Profit and Loss Account, March 31st, 1924.
Name of Animal.
Asset
Value.
Selling-
price.
Remarks.
192
3.
April
17.
April
24.
May
23.
May
24
May
23.
June
30.
July
31.
May
23.
Sept.
5
Oct.
22.
Nov.
9.
Nov.
20
Dee.
3.
192
4.
Jan.
3
Feb.
29
March 31.
Colony Posch Champion	
Colony Lord Aaggie McKinley 	
Colony Koba McKinley 3rd	
Colony  Korndyke  Posch	
Colony Daisy Aaggie 	
Colony Koba McKinley  7th	
Colony  L.P.  Aaggie 	
Colony Lord Aaggie McKinley 6th.
Hides	
Colony Hengerveld Posch 	
Colony Koba McKinley 2nd	
Colony Cora Pauline	
Colony Lord Aaggie McKinley 4th.
Colony Lord Aaggie McKinley 7th.
Colony Segis Paul  	
Colony Koba McKinley 2nd	
Colony Lord Aaggie McKinley 8th.
Colony Netherland Posch....	
Colony Koba McKinley 6th	
Colony   Poet  Posch....	
Colony Prince Posch	
Colony Prince Posch 3rd	
Colony Johan Posch 2nd 	
Colony  Johan  Posch 4th -.	
Colony Abby Jane Koba 	
Colony  Champion 11th	
25 40
12 70
127 00
18 63
6 21
31 15
40 10
58 70
150 80
232 00
106 00
174 40
62 20
164 80
50  65
46 80
167 45
211 42
124 93
30  07
26 55
88 50
35 40
35 40
25 40
$2,053 56
1,403 36
12 75
8 50
140 00
10 20
15 30
17  34
1  80
125 00
67 50
150 00
100 00
100 00
15  52
150 00
200 00
136 55
14 40
13 50
125 00
$1,403 36
Vealed.
Vealed.
Sold.
Vealed.
Vealed.
Vealed.
Died.
Vealed.
Sold.
Butchered.
Died.
Sold.
Died.
Sold.
Sold.
Vealed.
Sold.
Sold.
Sold.
Vealed.
Vealed.
Sold.
Died.
Died.
Died.
Loss.-
$   650 20
Abstract of Loss.
Deaths  $  310 71
Losses on calves butchered, etc       339 49
WORK-HORSE   DEPARTMENT.
Sat.es and Deaths Account, March 31st, 1924.
$   650 00
Name of Animal.
Asset
Value.
Selling-
price.
Remarks.
1923.
May     25.  Sandv   (gelding)	
Oct.     31. Nell (mare) 	
$     25 00
325 00
995  00
$      25  00
Sold.
Died
1924.
March 31. Loss on revaluation by Farm Superintendent	
$1,345 00
25  00
$     25 00
$1,320 00 P 68 Mental Hospitals. 1924
WORK-HORSE   DEPARTMENT—Continued.
Profit and Loss Account, March 31st, 1924.
» Expenses.
Salaries and upkeep   $   7,643 08
Feed  .       4,881 03
Board of employees        2,399 00
Sundries  76 00
  $14,999 11
Less allowance for manure   $     187 80
„     horse-shoeing for Mental Hospital and Boys' Industrial School  680 00
  867 80
$ 14,131 31
Returns.
Horse-labour charged to crops and other departments at 50 cents per horse-hour      21,232 50
Profit    $   7,101 19
Note.—Against outlay of $14,131.31, 45,398 hours of horse-labour were performed at a cost
of 31% cents per horse-hour.
Horse-labour Account, March 31st, 1924.
1923. Hours. Cost.
April   3,973% $ 1,058 03
May    :  3,644 1,321 76
June   2,810 1,424 38
July     3,911 1,061 94
August  3,675 1,003 93
September   2,962 1,052 99
October     3,707% 1,077 56
November    ,  3,112 1,223 07
December     2,894% 1,222 88
1924.
January  4,799 1,382 40
February   4,493 1,392 84
March  5,416% 1,777 33
■                                                                                           45,398 $14,999 11
Less blacksmith-work, etc         S67 80
$14,131 31
YOUNG HORSE DEPARTMENT.
Profit and Loss Account, March 31st, 1924.
Loss on transfer to work-horses   $ 142 85 14 Geo. 5
Colony Farm.
P 69
SHEEP DEPARTMENT.
Profit and Loss Account, March 31st, 1924.
Receipts.
By Sales—
Dividend, Canadian Co-operative Wool-growers   $         0 SO
Wool sold    99 S5
Pelts sold  21 60
Ram sold to R. Holloway  25 00
1,485 lb. lamb sold to Mental Hospital   371 25
Inventory, March 31, 1924   1,375 00
 $   1,893 50
Expenses.
Vouchers   $       10 61
Horse-labour  11 75
Feed   89 35
Pasturage   300 00
Inventory, March 31, 1923   1,131 00
       1,542 71
Profit    $     350 79
HOG DEPARTMENT.
Profit and Loss Account, March 31st, 1924.
Receipts.
By Sales—
Live hogs   $   1,112 32
Sundry sales of pork  92 00
Pork, bacon, etc., supplied Public Hospital for Insane  1,611 91
Pork, bacon, etc., supplied Provincial Mental Hospital  5,258 56
Manure supplied Nursery   285 00
Inventory, March 31, 1924— $    8,359 79
Essondale—■
Piggery   $1,664 87
Bacon, etc     1,027 52
Feed   '.       142 15
New Westminster—
Piggery      1,883 25
Feed          105 00
 4,822 79
 $ 13,182 58
Expenses.
Salaries  $1,513 94
Feed        2,903 42
Horse-labour        496 00
Coal         102 00
Board of employees        360 00
 $   5,375 36
Boar purchased from University of British Columbia   60 00
Inventory, March 31, 1923—
Essondale   $1,831 25
New Westminster    2,615 96
       4,447 21
       9.882 57
Profit     $   3,300 01 P 70 Mental Hospitals. 1924
POULTRY DEPARTMENT.
Profit and Loss Account, March 31st, 1924.
Receipts.
8,705 dozen eggs supplied Mental Hospital, Essondale   $   2.47S 78
2,139 lb. dressed chicken supplied Mental Hospital, Essondale  690 35
Hatching-eggs, etc., supplied New AVestminster Hospital   70 25
 $   3,239 38
Inventory, March 31, 1924        1,522 65
$   4,762 03
Expenses.
Vouchers     $1,080 00
Horse-labour       334 00
Feed        1,991 02
Fuel         100 00
Board, etc :.      240 00
 $   3,745 02
Inventory, March 31st, 1923  '.        1,165 40
 •   4,910 42
Loss     $     14S 39
CANNERY.
Profit and Loss Account, March 31st, 1924.
Production.
3,033 No. 10 cans fruit supplied Essondale  $   3,033 00
451 No. 10 cans vegetables supplied Essondale    451 OO
36 No. 10 cans jam supplied Essondale  54 00
6,825 lb. pickles supplied Esondale  6S2 50
151 No. 2 cans fruit supplied Essondale   37 75
50 No. 2 cans jam supplied Essondale    20 00
1,200 No. 10 cans fruit supplied New Westminster  1,200 00
336 No. 10 cans vegetables supplied New Westminster  336 00
78 No. 10 cans jam supplied New Westminster  117 00
100 No. 2 cans fruit supplied New Westminster  25 00
23 No. 2 cans jam supplied New Westminster  9 20
$   5,965 45
Inventory, March 31, 1924—
3,846 No. 10 cans fruit and vegetables   $   3,869 50
200 empty cans and tops  22 OO
3,891 50
$  9,856 95
Expenses.
Rental of capping-machine  ; .'.  $       56 50
Sundries, drayage, etc  66 95
Salaries and vouchers   599 07
Repairs     59 90
Sugar, spices, etc  1,066 95
Cans and pickle-kits   1,083 44
Carried forward   $   2,932 81 $   9,856 95 14 Geo. 5 Colony Farm. P 71
CANNERY—Continued.
Profit and Loss Account, March 31st, 1924—Continued.
Expenses—Continued.
Brought forward   $   2,932 81 $   9,856 95
Board of employees   90 00
Vegetables and fruit  687 81
Fuel     189 84
$   3,900 46
Inventory, March 31, 1923   576 00
 4,476 46
Profit     $   5,3S0 49
TRUCK-GARDEN   AND   NURSERY.
Profit and Loss Account, March 31st, 1924.
Receipts. '  .
Shrubs and vegetables sold  $        13 80
Produce supplied Hospitals       11,852 45
Trees and shrubs supplied public institutions in the Province         7,039 75
$ 18,906 00
Inventory, March 31, 1924      43,482 07
 $62,388 07
Expenses.
Salaries and vouchers   $   2,847 74
Horse-labour           2,667 25
Seed, fertilizer, etc  973 85
Board of employees   750 00
$   7,238 84
419,045 lb. potatoes for distribution       5,118 06
$12,356 90
Inventory, March 31, 1923       42,139 09
 54,495 99
Profit    $   7,892 08
CROP DEPARTMENT.
Potatoes—Profit and Loss Account, March 31st, 1924.
Production.
Yield of crop, 1,339,330 lb  $ 16,940 00
Expenses.
Ploughing     $ 337 75
Cultivating    1,063 65
Manure and hauling  931 50
Carried forward   $   2,332 90 $ 16,940 00 P 72
Mental Hospitals.
1924
CROP   DEPARTMENT— Continued.
Potatoes—Profit and Loss Account, March 31st, 1924—Continued.
Expenses—Continued.
Brought forward  $   2,332 90 $ 16,940 00
Fertilizer   528 60
Seed and sowing   673 00
Spraying  69 36
Digging and hauling        1,054 00
Harrowing field   72 50
       4,730 36
Profit     $12,209 64
Field No. 7, 17.75 acres;  Paddock, 2.3 acres ; Wilson Ranch No. 1, 12.11 acres; Wilson Ranch
No. 4, 15.8 acres;  total, 47.96 acres.    Yield per acre, 13.97 tons;  cost per ton, $7.06.
Oats—Profit and Loss Account, March 31st, 1924.
Production.
Yield of oats, 111,000 lb  $   1,387 49
Yield of straw, 1,596 bales  798 00
$   2,185 49
Expenses.
Ploughing    $     338 75
Cultivating   381 00
Seed and sowing  145 61
Rolling   13 50
Cutting and hauling   230 00
Sundries,  binder-twine,  etc  231 05
       1,339 91
Profit     $       845 58
Field No. 8, 16 acres;   Wilson Ranch No. 1, 10.67 acres;   Field No. 6, 12.58 acres;   total,
39.25 acres.    Yield per acre, 2,828 lb.;  cost per ton, $9.79.
Hay—Profit and Loss Account, March 31st, 1924.
Production.
Yield of hay, 520,000 lb  $   3,120 00
Yield of green feed, 65,000 lb  162 50
$   3,282 50
Expenses.
Seed   -  $     479 90
Manure and hauling  !        1,140 50
Rolling     31 50
Mowing and hauling  705 00
Baling     149 00
 2,505 90
Profit     $ '    776 60
Field No. 2, 28 acres;   Field No. 3, 3S.25 acres;   Field No. 8, 20.67 acres;   Wilson Ranch,
21.6 acres ;  total, 108.52 acres.    Yield per acre, 2.40 tons;  cost per ton, $9. 14 Geo. 5 Colony Farm. P 73
CROP  DEPARTMENT— Continued.
Ensilage—Profit and Loss Account, March 31st, 1924.
Production.
Clover, 437,400 lb  $   1,093 50
Peas, oats, and vetches, 340,000 lb  850 00
Corn, 320,000 lb  800 00
$   2,743 50
Expenses.
Ploughing     $     212 00
Manure     343 00
Seed and sowing   363 25
Cultivating   508 30
Mowing and hauling   670 50
 $   2,097 05
Profit  $     646 45
Field No. 6, peas, oats, and vetches, 12.58 acres; Field No. 8, peas, oats, and vetches, 4.5
acres; Field No. 3, clover, 16.25 acres; Wilson Ranch, peas, oats, and vetches, 5.33 acres; Wilson
Ranch, corn, 8.64 acres;   total, 47.30 acres.    Yield per acre, 11.60 tons;  cost per ton, $3.82.
Onions—Profit and Loss Account, March 31st, 1924.
Production.
Yield, 35,125 lb  $     614 68
Expenses.
Ploughing    $        14 00
Cultivating   16 00
Manuring     36 50
Fertilizer  25 00
 91 50
Profit    $      523 18
Field No. 6, 1.50 acres.    Yield per acre, 11.70 tons;  cost per ton, $5.21.
Carrots—Profit and Loss Account, March 31st, 1924.
Production.
Yield, 323 bundles carrots  $       16 15
Yield, 107,000 lb. carrots   535 00
$      551 15
Expenses.
Ploughing   ,  $     10 00
Cultivating  , 22 75
Seed and sowing   37 00
Manure     15 50
Hauling   58 00
  $      143 25
Profit    $      407 90
Wilson Ranch, 1% acres.   Yield per acre, 35.66 tons; cost per ton, $2.6S. P 74 Mental Hospitals. 1924
CROP  DEPARTMENT— Continued.
Roots—Profit and Loss Account, March 31st, 1924.
Production. '
Yield, 692,000 lb  $   2,422 00
Expenses.
Ploughing  $ 250 00
Cultivating   437 25
Seed and sowing   141 25
Fertilizer   364 65
Manure and hauling   280 00
Hauling   207 50
 1.6S0 65
Profit    $      741 35
Field No. 8, 6 acres turnips, 12 acres mangels;   total, 18 acres.    Yield per acre, 19.22 tons;
cost per ton; $4.86.
Pumpkins—Profit and Loss Account, March 31st, 1924.
Production.
20,665 lb  $      103 32
Expenses.
Manure     9 00
$       94 32
PASTURAGE ACCOUNT.
Profit and Loss Account, March 31st, 1924.
Receipts.
Swift Canadian Co., pasturage of lambs   $ 47 01
Yearlings      200 00
Sheep   300 00
General herd   400 00
$      947 01
Expenses.
Manure and hauling   200 00
Profit     ■%     747 01
No. 1 Field, 21.25 acres;   No. 5 Field, 51.25 acres;   Wilson Ranch, 38.8 acres;   total, 111.30
acres.
SHRINKAGE AND ROT.
Profit and Loss Account, March 31st, 1924.
Loss on small potatoes   ?     235 OO 14 Geo. 5
Colony Farm.
P 75
TRACTOR ACCOUNT.
Profit and Loss Account, March 31st, 1924.
670%  hours' work   $   1,676 25
Expenses.
Repairs    $       50 92
Salaries, etc  585 00
Gasolene  310 48
946 40
Profit    $      729 85
EXHIBITION EXPENSES.
Profit and Loss Account, March 31st, 1924.
Expenses.
Feed   $     218 31
Travelling expenses   494 93
Freight and drayage   48 50
Loss  $     761 74
GENERAL EXPENSES OF MAINTENANCE AND ADMINISTRATION.
Profit and Loss Account, March 31st, 1924.
Expenses.
Salaries and vouchers  '.  $ 19,808 70
Horse-labour  1,293 50
Milk, etc., for employees   954 SO
Board of employees   1,490 00
Fuel  625 46
Sundries     210 10
Loss     $24,382 56
MISCELLANEOUS STATEMENTS, INVENTORIES, ETC.
ESSSONDALE  HOSPITAL—PRODUCE   SUPPLIED  BY  COLONY  FARM,   MARCH  31ST,   1924.
Dairy produce—
Milk, 477,546 lb  $21,534 56
Butter, 1,794% lb        1.166 40
Cream, 1,532% lb  459 S3
Buttermilk, 1,765 lb  35 30
 $ 23,196 09
Carried forward   $ 23,196 09 P 76 Mental Hospitals. 1924
MISCELLANEOUS   STATEMENTS,   INVENTORIES,   ETC.—Continued.
Essondale Hospital—Produce supplied by Colony Farm—Continued.
Brought forward  $ 23,196 09
Meats-
Beef, 8,643 lb  $     714 18
Veal, 1,079 lb  175 01
Lamb, 1,485 lb  371 25
Pork, 27,751 lb. ...:       3,643 60
Bacon and ham, 1,968 lb  758 79
Liver, etc., 2,776 lb  277 60
Sausage, 2,050 lb  410 00
Lard, 753 lb  12S 01
Laundry fat, 458 lb  32 06
Bacon. 42% lb  8 50
 6,519 00
Poultry—
Eggs, 8,705 dozen  $   2,47S 78
Dressed poultry, 2,139 lb  690 35
       3,169 13
Vegetables, etc.—
Potatoes, 238,800 lb  $  3,409 25
Onions, 33,245 lb  446 20
Carrots, 37,014 lb  129 58
Fresh fruit, vegetables  '.      10,956 20
 14,941 23
Canned goods—
Fruit, 3,033 No. 10 cans  $   3,033 00
Vegetables, 451, No. 10 cans  451 00
Jam, 36 No. 10 cans  54 00
Fruit, 151 No. 2 cans  37 75
Jam, 50 No. 2 cans  20 00
Pickles, 6,825 lb  682 50
 4,278 25
Sundries—
Horse-labour  $  4,748 00
Shrubs and trees  280 00
Ice   27 00
Fertilizer     50 00
Sundries     45 12
        5,150 12
Total     $57,253 82
New Westminster Hospital—Produce supplied by Colony Farm, March 31st, 1924.
Dairy produce—
Milk, 215,6S2 lb  $   9,725 66
Cream, 1,438%  lb  431 53
Butter, 104 lb  67 60
Buttermilk, 335 lb  6 70
 $10,231 49
Meats—■
Pork, 11,901 lb  $   1,551 79
Ham and bacon, 185 lb  60 12
       1,611 91
Carried forward   $ 11,843 40 14 Geo. 5 Colony Farm. P 77
MISCELLANEOUS   STATEMENTS,   INVENTORIES,   WIG.—Continued.
New Westminster Hospital—Produce supplied by' Colony Farm—Continued.
Brought forward  $ 11,843 40
Vegetables—
Potatoes, 352,750 lb *  $   4,373 48
Onions, 15,920 lb  185 45
Carrots, 63,157 lb  221 05
Fruit, etc :  356 97
 ■      5,136 95
Canned goods—
Fruit, 1,200 No. 10 cans   $   1,200 00
Vegetables, 336 No. 10 cans   336 00
Jam, 78 No. 10 cans   117 OO
Fruit, 100 No. 2 cans  25 00
Jam, 23 No. 2 cans   9 20
 1,687 20
Miscellaneous—
Horse-labour     $   3,173 50
Sundries    .-.  513 34
       3,686 84
Total     $22,354 39
Accounts receivable, March 31st, 1924.
Sundry accounts receivable   $   1,760 50
Notes receivable, March 31st, 1924.
Sundry notes receivable   $      500 00
Remittances to Treasury, March 31st, 1924.
Sundry remittances to Treasury during fiscal year 1923-24 in payment of live-stock
and produce sales   $   4,362 63
Trees, Shrubs, and Plants supplied to Provincial Institutions and Schools,
March 31st, 1924.
New Westminster School Board  $      251 80
Cloverdale School Board   255 40
Maple Ridge School Board -  302 00
North Vancouver School Board   167 00
Cumberland School Board   95 4.0
Lynn Valley School Board   100 00
Rutland School Board  54 SO
Kelowna School Board   97 00
Salmon Arm School Board  205 00
Canoe School Board  394 SO
Oyama School Board   70 00
Parksville School Board  152 60
Armstrong School Board   2S2 30
Metchosin School Board   87 50
Steveston School Board   222 45
Burnaby School Board  -  IS 00
Carried, forward   $   2.756 05 P 78
Mental Hospitals.
1924
MISCELLANEOUS   STATEMENTS,   INVENTORIES,   ETC.—Continued.
Trees, Shrubs, and Plants supplied to Provincial Institutions and Schools—Continued.
Brought foncard    $ 2,756 05
Kerrisdale School Board  255 00
Peaehland School Board »  17 40
Mission City School Board   116 50
Saanich School Board    316 40
Quathiaski Cove School Board  25 40
West Summerland School Board   257 60
University of British Columbia  131 00
Tranquille Sanatorium  343 50
Court-house, New Westminster  16 50
Boys' Industrial School  1,566 90
Oakalla Prison Farm    557 00
Vancouver Parks Board  70 00
Home for Incurables  199 50
Provincial Home   67 00
Total     $ 6,695 75
Equipment Inventory, March 31st, 1924.
Summary.
Farm implements  $   7,081 50
Gasolene pump and tank    360 00
Fire equipment  1,331 60
Dairy equipment  -  2,625 50
Pumping and Clearing Departments   9,904 50
Equipment in horse and cow barns  1,S05 00
Carpenter and blacksmith shops  958 70
Cannery equipment  1,878 97
Nursery and poultry   211 32
Hog Department   437 25
, 	
Total    -:    26,594 34
Inventory of Cows  (Holstein-Friesian), March 31st, 1924.
Reg. No. Name.
26314    Colony Beulah DeKol Korndyke, 11 years and 4 months old   $     150 00
26320    Colony DeKol Queenie Rag, 11 years old   100 00
30137    Colony Sadie Canary, 9 years and 10 months old  150 00
32360 Colony Maud Colantha, 9 years and 9 months old   300 00
32361 Colony Georgie Korndyke, 9 years and 6 months old  150 00
31842    Deirdre Douglass Segis, 10 years and 2 months old  600 00
36012    Colony Poetess Korndyke 2nd, 9 years and 2 months old   300 00
38770 Colony Koba Segis, 8 years and 7 months old  75 00
38771 Colony Poetess Segis, 8 years and 7 months old   250 00
38776    Colony Beets Newman, 8 years and 10 months old  300 00
36019    Colony Vrouka Segis, 9 years and 1 month old  300 00
372S9    Efiie Cornucopia DeKol, 9 years and 2 months old    150 00
38767    Colony Korndyke Belle, 8 years and 4 months old   450 00
41645    Colony Butter Lass, 9 years and 3 months old   300 00
41642    Colony Ianthe Newman, 8 years and 2 months old  600 00
41653    Colony Minnie Segis, 8 years and 2 months old  200 00
Carried forward  $   4,375 00 14 Geo. 5
Colony Farm.
P 79
MISCELLANEOUS   STATEMENTS,   INVENTORIES,   ETC.—Continued.
Inventory of Cows  (Holstein-Friesian)—Continued.
Brought foncard   :  $   4,375 00
Reg. No. Name.
216921    Lulu Posch 3rd, 12 years and 3 months old   450 00
50284    Colony Korndyke Newman, 7 years and 5 months old  500 00
42SS8    Colony Canary Butter Girl, 7 years and 11 months old   300 00
76901    Wimple Netherland Westport, 11 years and 5 months old   300 00
52831    Colony Bessie McKinley, 6 years and 7 months old  300 00
52829    Colony Faforit Segis, 6 years and 9 months old  100 00
52828    Colony McKinley Beulah, 6 years and 8 months old  600 00
44320    Segis Elsie Posch, 8 years and 9 months old  200 00
25833    Madam Bessie Posch, 9 years and 9 months old   350 00
38772    Colony Clothilde DeKol, 8 years and 4 months old  300 00
50286    Colony Maud McKinley, 7 years and 3 months old  100 00
50292    Colony Canary McKinley, 7 years and 2 months old  600 00
502S9    Colony Mayne McKinley, 7 years old  500 00
52S33    Colony Beulah McKinley, 6 years and 7 months old   600 00
549S4    Colony Grebegga DeKol, 6 years and 9 months old   600 00
52834    Colony Daisy McKinley, 6 years and 6 months old   450 00
56864    Colony Ena McKinley, 6 years and 1 month old  450 00
60946    Colony Ena DeKol McKinley, 5 years and 11 months old  25 00
60944    Colony Maud Newman, 5 years and 10 months old  400 00
62389   Colony Ianthe McKinley, 5 years and 5 months old  500 00
67855    Colony Faforit New7man, 5 years and 2 months old   350 00
71114 Colony Sena Ormsby, 4 years and S months old  200 00
74111    Beaverland Lady Pauline, 6 years and 1 month old   400 00
38040    Thorndale Elsie Wayne, 9 years and 1 month old   250 00
59662    S.C.P. Fayne Calamity, 6 years and 4 months old  400 00
50277    S.C.M. Ella Mechtilde, 6 years and 6 months old  500 00
63924    Colony Vale Korndyke Newman, 5 years and 5 months old  150 00
67850 Colony Clothilde Newman, 5 years and 4 months old   300 00
67S56    Colony Cora McKinley, 5 years and 4 months old  400 00
67851 Colony Lakeside Newman, 5 years and 3 months old  60 00
67S53    Colony Vrouka Newman, 5 years and 1 month old ,  100 00
71115 Colony Morag Ormsby, 4 years and 11 months old   300 00
70850    Colony Pleta Newman, 4 years and 10 months old   250 00
71111    Colony Marie Newman, 4 years and 7 months old  200 00
70844    Colony Cyclone Ormsby, 4 years and 8 months old  350 00
70843    Colony Fayne Ormsby, 4 years and 7 months old —  150 00
75673    Colony Jannek Ormsby, 4 years and 3 months old   500 00
80505    Colony Zarilda Ormsby, 4 years and 2 months old   500 00
S0511    Colony Faforit Ormsby, 4 years and 1 month old :  200 00
80509    Colony Aaggie Ormsby, 4 years old   350 00
623SS    Colony Grebegga Valdessa, 5 years and 5 months old   300 00
80513   Colony Jemima Newman, 3 years and 11 months old   300 00
80504   Colony Vrouka Segis Newman, 3 years and 11 months old  200 00
86417    Colony Tensen Newman, 3 years and 7 months old  200 00
81218   Beaverland Pietje Pauline, 4 years and 7 months old  200 00
74110    Beaverland Pretty Lady, 4 years and 11 months old , 500 00
74108 Beaverland Grace Posch, 4 years and 10 months old   300 00
74109 Beaverland Canary Pauline, 4 years and 7 months old  250 00
80649    Beaverland Julia Pauline, 4 years and 1 month old  350 00
80647   Beaverland Grace Pauline, 4 years old  250 00
Carried, forv-ard   $20,760 00 MISCELLANEOUS   STATEMENTS,   INVENTORIES,   ETC.—Continued.
Inventory of Cows (Holstein-Friesian)—Continued.
Brought forward   $20,760 00
Reg. No. Name.
75674    Colony M. Poetess McKinley, 4 years and 2 months old   250 00
80598    Colony P. S. McKinley, 4 years old   300 00
80510    Colony Beets Perfection, 3 years and 10 months old   400 00
80506    Colony Wayne Perfection, 3 years and 10 months old   600 00
86419 Colony Alma Korkdyke Newman, 3 years and 8 months old   350 00
86416    Colony Grebegga Pauline, 3 years and 6 months old   450 00
8(5415    Colony Victoria Pauline, 3 years and 6 months old  '  300 00
86420 Colony Morag McKinley, 3 years and 5 months old  '.  500 00
8641S    Colony Lady Pauline, 3 years and 4 months old ,  250 00
92130 Colony Mabel Newman, 3 years and 4 months old   200 00
92152    Colony Clare McKinley, 3 years and 2 months old   350 00
92135 Colony Wimple McKinley, 3 years old   300 00
92129    Colony Efiie Pauline, 3 years old   325 00
92128    Colony Nellie Pauline, 3 years old   50 00
92131 Colony Poem Pauline, 3 years old   35 00
92136 Colony Wayne Newman, 3 years old   325 00
92134    Colony Topsy Pauline, 3 years old  250 00
92133    Colony Schuiling Pauline, 2 years and 11 months oltL  350 00
92126   Colony Lass Pauline, 2 years and 11 months old  350 00
95247 Colony Belle Newman, 2 years and 9 months old   300 00
95254    Colony Clothilde Pauline, 2 years and 9 months old   200 00
95253    Colony July Pauline, 2 years and 9 months old   300 00
95244 Colony Daisy Newman, 2 years and 9 months old   200 00
95249 Colony Queenie Newman, 2 years and 8 months old  150 00
95245 Colony Georgie Pauline, 2 years and 6 months old   250 00
95250 Colony Flood Countess, 2 years and 5 months old  125 00
95248 Colony Contest Newman, 2 years and 5 months old  175 00
95251 Colony Grace Countess, 2 years and 4 months old   200 OO
95252 Colony Pietje Countess, 2 years and 4 months old   150 00
95257    Colony Fayne Pauline, 2 years and 4 months old   250 00
9S959    Colony Maud Countess, 2 years and 3 months old   30 00
9895S    Colony L. P. Countess, 2 years and 3 months old   250 00
98957    Colony Vrouka Posch, 2 years and 1 month old   200 00
102057    Colony Lulu Pauline, 2 years old   300 00
102054    Colony Maud Pauline, 1 year and 11 months old   200 00
102053    Colony Tensen Posch, 1 year and 10 months old   200 00
102052    Colony Aaggie Posch, 1 year and 10 months old   200 00
102050   Colony Netherland Pauline, 1 year and 10 months old  200 00
102056   Colony Rag Newman, 1 year and 8 months old  200 00
Total     $30,775 00
Inventory of Young Cattle, March 31st, 1924.
Reg. No. Name.
57701 Colony Koba McKinley Sth (twin), 8% months old.
57702 Colony Koba McKinley 9th (twin), 8% months old.
1139SS Colony Segis Aaggie, 8 months old.
57703 Colony Koba McKinley 10th, 8 months old.
1139S9 Colony Tensen Pauline, 7 months old.
113984 Colony Morag Koba, 7 months old.
5S722 Colony Koba McKinley 12th, 6% months old. 14 Geo. 5                                              Colony Farm.                                                       P 81
MISCELLANEOUS   STATEMENTS,   INVENTORIES,   ETC.—Continued.
Inventory of Young Cattle—Continued.
Reg. No.
Name.
118088
Colony Clothilde Koba, 6% months old.
118079
Colony Ianthe Kohanna, 6 months old.
58726
Colony Lord Aaggie McKinley 9th, 5% months old.
58723
Colony Koba McKinley 13th, 5% months .old.
118089
Colony Julia Koba, 5 months old.
118850
Colony Dellah Koba, 5 months old.
118080
Colony Grace Koba, 4% months old.
118081
Colony Vrouka Koba, 4% months old.
11S0S2
Colony Vrouka DeKol Koba, 3% months old.
118077
Colony Queenie Kohanna, 3% months old.
118083
Colony Wayne Koba, 3% months old.
5S724
Colony Koba McKinley 14th, 3% months old.
118084
Colony DeKol Queenie Koba, 3% months old.
58721
Colony Johan Posch 3rd, 3% months old.
11.8078
Colony Rooker Aaggie, 3 months old.
118085
Colony Mabel Koba, 3 mouths old.
118086
Colony Deirdre Koba (twin), 3 months old.
118087
Colony Miranda Koba (twin), 3 months old.
Colony Ianthe Koba, 2Vi months old.
Colony Grace Abbekerk, 2 months old.
Colony Lass Abbekerk, 2 months old.
Colony Piteje Abbekerk, 1% months old.
Colony Johan Posch Sth, 1% months old.
Colony Prince Posch 2nd, 1% months old.
Colony Faforit Newman Koba, 1% months old..
Colony Johan Posch 6th, 1 month old.
Colony Jannek Koba, 2 weeks old.
Colony Scbuiling Abbekerk, 2 weeks old.
Colony Lakeside Aaggie, 2 w7eeks old.
Colony Beets Koba, 2 weeks old.
Colony Segis Elsie Koba, 2 weeks old.
Colony Lady Abbekerk, 1 week old.
Colony Prince Posch 4th. 2 weeks old.
Va]
ue of calf herd at cost of raising, $2,749.85.
Holstein-Friesian.
105242
Colony Yanthe Pauline, 18% months old.
105238
Colony Wimple Koba, 17 months old.
105240
Colony Faforit Koba, 16% months old.
105239
Colony Netherland Segis Koba, 16 months old.
109739
Colony Vrouka Segis Koba, 15% months old.
109737
Colony Vale Korndyke Koba, 15 months old.
109736
Colony Aaggie Koba, 14% months old.
109740
Colony Contest Aaggie, 14% months old.
109741
Colony Poetess Aaggie, 13% months old.
109742
Colony Marie Koba, 13% months old.
56199
Colony McKinley Posch, 13% months old.
57012
Colony Sir Mutual Posch, 12% months old.
109745
Springbrook Charlotte Countess, 13 months old.
109744
Springbrook Pose Countess, 13 months old.
112075
Colony Korndyke Koba, 12 months old.
112074
6
Colony Zarilda Pauline, 11% months old. P 82 Mental Hospitals. 1924
MISCELLANEOUS   STATEMENTS,   INVENTORIES,   ETC.—Continued.
Inventory of Young Cattle—Continued.
Holstein-Friesian—Continued.
Reg. No. Name.
112076 Colony Maud Koba, 11% months old.
112073 Colony Efiie Posch, 10% months old.
112077 Colony Calamity Koba, 10 months old.
1139S3 Colony Madam Pauline, 9 months old.
113987 Colony Ena DeKol Pauline, 8% months old.
113986 Colony Sadie Aaggie (twin), 8% months old.
113985 Colony Canary Aaggie (twin), 8% months old.
Value of yearling herd at cost of raising, $3,403.
Inventory of Herd Bulls, March 31st, 1924.
31520 Colony Koba McKinley, 7 years and 3 months old  $ 500 00
53787 Colony Posch Champion 5th, 2 years old   250 00
52028 Pontiac Pietertje Burke, 2 years and 2 months old   250 00
  Hazelwood Segis Pontiac   500 00
Total       $   1,500 00
Inventory of Work-horses, March 31st, 1924.
Farm—
Donald (roan gelding), 18 years old  $        50 00
Colony Pride  (Scotty), 11 years old    250 00
Billy (McCallum), 8 years old   200 00
Forage Heroine (Shire mare), 15 years old  150 00
Dunrobin Doris (Clyde mare), 17 years old    200 00
Pete (brown gelding), 16 years old   75 00
Colony Mintmaster, 6 years old   300 00
McCallum (chestnut driver), 18 years old  - -  75 00
Jerry 2nd No. 6 (brown gelding), 10 years old  200 00
Levi (express), 20 years old  50 00
Repertoire  (pony), 22 years old   5 00
Kate (roan mare), 7 years old  275 00
Blossom  (light roan mare), 7 years old  300 00
Colony Lady Pride (Clyde mare), 5 years old  -  400 00
Colony Lady Dunure (Clyde mare), 5 years old   400 00
Flash Rosary (Clyde mare), 13 years old  250 00
Colony Begg Princess (Clyde mare), 4 years old  500 00
Colony Opal's Queen (Clyde mare), 4 years old  400 00
Colony Drumburle Prince (brown gelding), 4 years old   300 00
King (driver's colt), 4 years old  150 00
Frank (brown gelding), 7 years old  275 00
Charlie (brown gelding), 7 years old  275 00
Bob (Dunrobin Doris's colt), 3 years old   200 00
Lily  (Blossom's filly), 2 years old   200 00
Tommy  (bay gelding), 12 years old  150 00
Byck (buckskin gelding), 18 years old  25 00
Carried foncard  $   5,655 00 14 Geo. 5                                           Colony Farm. ' P 83
MISCELLANEOUS   STATEMENTS,   INVENTORIES,   ETC.—Continued.
Inventory- of Work-horses—Continued.
Brought forward   $ 5,655 00
Hill Stable-
Barney (bay gelding), 8 years old   250 00
Jock  (bay gelding), 8 years old   250 00
Doctor (buckskin), 11 years old   75 00
McTavish (chestnut), 9 years old   100 00
Jimmy 1st (bay gelding), 11 years old   50 00
Dan (brown gelding) 13 years old  75 00
Nigger (black gelding), 10 years old   250 00
Pete 2nd (black gelding), 10 years old  250 00
City Institution—
Dick (bay gelding), 6 years old   225 OO
Colony Everlasting Favourite, 7 years old   300 00
Doll  (grey mare), 16 years old   30 00
Total     $ 7,510 00
Inventory of Sheep, March 31st, 1924.
Oxford Downs (pure-bred) —
51    aged ewes at $20  $ 1,020 00
15 1-year-old shearling ewes at $15   225 00
5 1-year-old wethers at $10   50 00
1 worn-out ram (Bruce Boy 17)   20 00
1 3-year-old ram  (Colony 181)     25 00
1 2-year-old ram   (Colony 222)  20 00
1 1-year-old ram   (Colony 256)  15 00
Total     $ 1,375 00
Inventory of Poultry, March 31st, 1924.
344 Leghorn hens   $ 344 00
327 Leghorn pullets  490 50
71 Barred Rocks  88 75
43 Rhode Island Red hens   53 75
46 Rhode Island Red pullets  69 00
8 Barred Rock cockerels   24 00
4 Rhode Island Red cockerels   12 00
6 White Leghorn cockerels  ,  15 00
6 capons  10 50
238 chicks, 1 month  71 40
214 chicks, 2 weeks   42 80
199 chicks, 2 days   39 SO
119 dozen eggs   29 75
Total  $ 1,291 25
Poultry Feed on Hand.
4,000 lb. wheat   $ 68 00
Sundry  chicken-feed    163 40
Total      $ 231 40 P 84
Mental Hospitals.
1924
MISCELLANEOUS   STATEMENTS,   INVENTORIES,   ETC:— Continued.
Inventory of Hogs, March 31st, 1924.
Essondale Piggerg.
0 hogs,
2,000 lb
4  „
720 „
3  „
2,275 ,.
1  „
150 „
2
500 „
5  ,,
1,100 „
4 ■ „
720 .,
7,465 lb. at 7% cents , ...•  $
6 small pigs, 12 months old	
4 small pigs, 6 months old  	
5 small pigs, 6 mouths old   	
6 small pigs, 6 months old 	
14 small pigs, 3 months old  	
6 small pigs	
13 small pigs	
1 small pig	
Registered brood stock—
1 sow  (Agassiz Best of All)	
1 sow  (Agassiz Better Still)	
1 sow   (Agassiz Baptist)	
6 sows, 6 months old	
1 boar ■.	
1 boar (Colony Perfection)	
1 boar (Colony Perfection 2nd)	
1 boar (Colony Perfection 3rd) 	
$  559
87
72
00
48
00
60
00
60
00
112
00
42
00
65
00
6 00
100
00
100
00
100
00
ISO
00
35
00
50
00
50 00
25
00
$ 1.664
87
New  Westminster Piggerg.
Butcher stock—
24 pigs, 4,230 lb. at 7% cents	
Brood stock—
1 boar  (Homestead Longfellow)    ,	
1  boar   (Paradise Perfection)	
9 sows, 12 months old	
17 sows, 3 years old 	
15 small pigs, 1 week old	
35 small pigs, 8 weeks old  ....
7 small pigs, 12 weeks old	
Total 	
317 25
60
00
5
00
360
00
850
00
60
00
175
00
56
00
$ 3,548
12
Inventory of Feed on Hand. Piggery, March 31st, 1924.
Essondale Piggery (sundry) —
2,886 lb. ham and bacon at 32 cents    $ 923 52
70 lb. lard    14 00
30 lb. sausage-casings  90 00
Carried forward  $ 1,027 52 14 Geo. 5                                           Colony Farm. P 85
MISCELLANEOUS   STATEMENTS,   INVENTORIES,   ETC.—Continue®.
Inventory of Feed on Hand, Piggery—Continued.
Brought foncard     $   1.027 52
Essondale Piggery (feed) —
650 lb. dairy-salt  .'  6 50
25 bales straw  13 75
5,500 lb. rice-meal ...'.  "60 50
4,700 lb. shorts  56 40
2,000 lb. small potatoes  5 00
New Westminster Piggery (feed) —
6,900 lb. ground-screenings  54 00
3,400 lb. oat-flour  51 00
Total  $   1,274 67
Inventory' of Feed and Produce, March 31st, 1924.
480 lb. peas   $       74 00
40,773 lb. dried brewers' grains   589 42
65,685 lb. dats ....   820 43
76,825 lb. barley  998 41
353,800 lb. hay  2,555 52
539,300 lb. silage    ; ,  1,393 07
3,321 bales straw    1,930 98
7,498 Hi. corn-meal  147 17
17,100 lb. soy-bean ,  440 10
400,380 Hi. potatoes  5,388 36
14,760 lb.   carrots  51 95
134,500 lb. roots   ,  470 75
73,600 lb.  shorts :  945 38
35,500 lb. oil-meal  957 74
6,000 lb. alfalfa      68 89
33,400 lb. beet-pulp  86S 40
15,125 Ib. onions  = '.  264 68
60,500 lb. bran  728 08
$18,099 42
Inventory- oh- Cannery, March 31st, 1924.
38 cans cherries, No. 10 cans   $        38 00
372 cans peas    372 00
504 cans beans  504 00
130 cans plums  130 00
Ul cans greengages  Ul 00
125 cans pears     125 00
1,477 cans prunes  1.477 00
135 cans crabs    135 00
109 cans apples  ....' :  109 00
131 cans apple sauce      131 00
150 cans tomatoes  150 00
17 cans jelly  17 00
Carried forward   $   3,299 00 P 86 Mental Hospitals. 1924
MISCELLANEOUS   STATEMENTS,   INVENTORIES,   ETC.—Continued.
Inventory of Cannery—Continued.
Brought forward   $   3,299 OO
16 cans black-currant jam   24 00
31 cans prune jam '_  46 50
500 cans pumpkin   500 00
I $   3,S69 50
200 empty cans and tops, No. 10   22 00
Total     $   3,891 50
Inventory7 of Nursery and Garden, March 31st, 1924.
Nursery stock—
Deciduous ornamental trees  :.  $ 11,311 54
Deciduous young stock   937 60
Small trees, shrubs        6,118 95
Evergreen trees and shrubs        6,585 28
Evergreen for layering   173 00
Herbaceous perennials       2,010 50
Reeds and grasses  315 00
Climbing plants   296 SO
Seedlings and layers   195 30
Seedlings and layers   77 OO
Cuttings, trees and shrubs  129 40
Budded and grafted stock  184 20
 $ 28,334 57
Orchard—
Small fruits—
Black currants   $   3,323 50
Red currants :  648 00
Raspberries and blackberries       1,508 00
Strawberries       1,837 00
 7,316 50
Fruit-trees—
Plums and prunes   $      501 00
Cherries   240 50
Pears    512 00
Apples          2,535 00
Young stock  (apples)    53 75
Young stock  (black and red currants)  136 20
" 3,97S 45-
Vegetables, etc., in storage        3,386 00
Bees and bee supplies   466 55
$ 43,482 07
Tools and implements  -  $      805 60
victoria, B.C. :   .
Printed by Chables F.  Banfield, Printer to the King's Most Excellent Majesty.
1924.

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