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DEPARTMENT OF PROVINCIAL SECRETARY ANNUAL REPORT OF THE MENTAL HOSPITALS OF THE PROVINCE OF BRITISH COLUMBIA… British Columbia. Legislative Assembly 1925

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 DEPARTMENT OF PROVINCIAL SECRETARY
ANNUAL EEPORT
or THE
MENTAL HOSPITALS
OF the
PROVINCE OF BRITISH COLUMBIA
FOR 12 MONTHS ENOED MARCH 318T
1925
PRINTED BY
AUTHORITY OF THE LEGISLATIVE ASSEMBLY.
VICTORIA, B.C.:
Printed by Charles F.   Banfield,  Printer to  the King's  Most  Excellent  Majesty.
1925.  To His Honour Walter Cameron Nichol,
Lieutenant-Governor of the Province of British Columbia.
May it please Your Honour:
The undersigned  respectfully  submits  herewith  the Annual  Report  of the
Medical Superintendent of the Mental Hospitals for the fiscal year ended March
31st, 1925.
WILLIAM SLOAN,
Provincial Secretary.
Provincial Secretary's Office.  TABLE OF CONTENTS.
PART  I.—MEDICAL. Page
Officers and Staff, List of  7
Report—General Medical Superintendent   9
Report, Laboratory—Director of Laboratory   15
Report—Visiting Dentist  15
Statistical Tables—
1. Movement of Population during Year   10
2. Summary of Operations of Hospitals since Inception   18
3. Admissions, Discharges, and Deaths   19
4. Civil State of Patients admitted   19
5. Religious Denominations of Patients   19
6. Educational Status of Patients  ,  20
7. Nationality of Patients  '.  20
8. Districts from which Patients were admitted   21
9. • Occupation of Patients prior to Admission   22
10. Age of Patients on Admission  2,3
11. Number of Attacks at Time of Admission   23
12. Alleged Duration of Attacks prior to Admission   23
13. Table of Heredity   24
14. Alleged Cause of Insanity in Patients admitted   24
15. State of Bodily Health of Patients admitted   24
16. Form of Mental Disorder in Patients admitted  25
17a. Probation, Number allowed out on, New Westminster   25
17b. Probation, Number allowed out on, Essondale   25
17c. Probation, Number allowed out on, Saanich   25
18a. Discharges, showing Alleged Duration of Insanity, New Westminster   26
18b. Discharges, showing Alleged Duration of Insanity, Essondale   26
18c. Discharges, showing Alleged Duration of Insanity, Saanich   20
19a. Discharges, showing Length of Residence in Hospital and Condition at Time of
Discharge,  New  Westminster    27
19b. Discharges, showing Length of Residence in Hospital and Condition at Time Of
Discharge, Essondale   27
19c. Discharges, showing Length of Residence in Hospital and Condition at Time of
Discharge,  Saanich   27
20a. Deaths, Cause of, and Length of Time in Hospital, New Westminster   28
20b. Deaths, Cause of, and Length of Time in Hospital, Essondale   29
20c. Deaths, Cause   of, and Length of Time in Hospital, Saanich   SO
21.    Deportations, New Westminster, Essondale, and Saanich   31
PART II.—FINANCIAL.
Report—Bursar     32
Balance-sheet and Profit and Loss Account, New Westminster   35
Balance-sheet and Profit and Loss Account, Essondale   36
Balance-sheet and Profit and Loss Account, Saanich   37
Financial Tables—
A. Average Residence, Maintenance and Per Capita Cost since Inception   3S
T» "J
'    (    Analysis of Gross Per Capita Cost  39, 40
B 1.
r*
'    [   Yearly Gross Expenditure, Analysis of, since Inception  41, 42
Cl. j
D. Summary of Gross and Net Per Capita Cost in all Hospitals   43
E. Expense and Revenue Statement, New Westminster   44
F. Expense and Revenue Statement, Essondale   46
G. Expense and Revenue Statement,  Saanich   48
Revenue, Table of, since Inception   50
Report,  Financial—Tailor's  Department    .r)0
Report, Financial—Shoemaker's Department   52 Production Tables— Page.
Articles made for Essondale by New Westminster   53
Repairs made at Public Hospital for Insane   53
Articles made at Public Hospital for Insane   54
Work done by Male Patients at Public Hospital for Insane   54
Team-work done by Patients at Essondale   54
Work done by Patients at Essondale   54
Laundry-work done for Provincial Industrial School for Boys by Essondale  54
Supplies, New Westminster—Garden Produce   55
Supplies, Saanich—Production Table, Farm and Garden   55
PART III.—COLONY FARM.
Report—Farm Superintendent   5S
Report—Financial, General—'Bursar   59
Balance-sheet     61
Profit and Loss Account   62
Dairy and Herds Department—
Profit and Loss Account  63
Production and Costs Account   03
Milk Production and Cost   63
Bull Department—Profit and Loss Account   64
Mature Cow Department—Profit and Loss Account   64
Yearling Department—Profit and Loss Account   65
Calves Department—Profit and Loss Account   66
Work-horse Department—
Sales and Deaths Account  66
Profit and Loss Account   67
Horse-labour Account   67
Sheep Department—Profit and Loss Account    67
Hog Department—Profit and Loss Account   6.8
Poultry Department—Profit and Loss Account   69
Cannery—Profit and Loss Account  69
Truck-garden and Nursery—Profit and Loss Account  70
Crop Department—Profit and Loss Account   70
Pasturage Account   73
Shrinkage and Rot   73
Tractor Account    74
Exhibition Expenses   74
Maintenance and Administration, General    74
Produce supplied to Essondale   71
Produce supplied to New Westminster   75
Accounts receivable   76
Trees, Shrubs, etc., supplied to Public Schools and Institutions   76
Equipment    ■  Ti
Inventories—
Cows     77
Calves    T9
Young Cattle   80
Herd Bulls   81
Work-horses  -  81
Sheep   82
Poultry    82
Hogs     82
Feed on Hand   83
Feed   84
Cannery     84
Nursery and Garden   85  ■■•   k'tm    \ DEPARTMENT OF PROVINCIAL SECRETARY.
Hon. Wm. Sloan, Provincial Secretary. J. L. White, Deputy Provincial Secretary.
OFFICERS AND STAFF, MENTAL HOSPITALS.
H. C. Steeves, B.A., M.D., CM., General Medical Superintendent.
HEADQUARTERS STAFF.
Gowan S. Macgowan, Bursar. C. Fletcher, Assistant Bursar.
M. H. McCabe, Boole-keeper. Thos. Weeks, Boole-keeper.
F. J. Fish, Clinical Clerk and Stenographer.
Ethel Geeog, Stenographer. Olive Cashel, Stenographer.
OFFICERS AT PUBLIC HOSPITAL FOR INSANE.
E. J. Ryan, M.D., CM., Assistant Medical Superintendent.
C. E. Benwell, M.D., Assistant Physician.
F. Gillahd, Stenographer. Thos. Cambridge, Assistant Bursar.
Miss M. Fillmore, Matron and Supervisor of Nurses.
F. Spooneh, Chief Attendant. J. F. O'Reilly, Steward.
Chaplains:
Rev. F. W. Auvache, Protestant. Rev. Father Conan, Roman Catholic.
OFFICERS OF ESSONDALE.
A. L. Crease, M.D., CM., Assistant Medical Superintendent.
P. H. Moore, B.A., B.S.A., Farm Superintendent.
L. E. Sauriol, M.D., Assistant Physician. B. H. O. Harry, M.D., Assistant Physician.
A. M. Gee, M.D., Assistant Physician. (To be appointed), Assistant Physician.
John Pumphrey, Steward. Gilbert Mathewson, Chief Attendant.
Miss Van Wyck, Superintendent of Nurses. Miss Bell, Head Nurse.
I. II. Wedge, Clinical Stenographer. Alice Haslam, Clinical Stenographer.
Agnes Dingle, Clinical Stenographer. G. Kellington, Laboratory Technician.
Chaplains:
Rev. A. Turner, Protestant. Rev. Father Pare, Roman Catholic.
OFFICERS OF MENTAL HOME, COLQUITZ.
George Hall, M.D., CM., Visiting Physician.
Granby Farrant, Managing Supervisor. Harry Hoelt, Chief Attendant. a3
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<     « rfi   REPORT OF THE MEDICAL SUPERINTENDENT
For the Twelve Months ended March 31st, 1925.
PART I—MEDICAL.
The Honourable William Sloan,
Provincial Secretary, Parliament Buildings, Victoria, B.C.
Sir,—I have the honour to submit herewith for your information and consideration the
Fifty-third Annual Report of the operations of the Mental Hospitals in the Province of British
Columbia.
In order to more readily place before you the movement of population at the Hospital during
the year, I am tabulating in brief form Table No. 1 herewith.
Movement of Population.
Male.
Female.
Total.
In Hospital, April 1st,  1924	
On probation at home	
Escaped, but not discharged	
Admitted to March 31st, 1925	
Total treated during year	
Discharged in full and on probation	
Died	
Total discharged for year...	
In residence, March 31st, 1925
1,258
41
2
289
526
39
172
1,784
80
2
461
1,590
737
2,327
171
96
134
42
305
138
267
176
443
1,323
561
1,884
Net increase of population in residence,  100 ; average daily population in residence,  1,S23.29.
Death-rate of total number treated, 5.93 per cent.; discharge rate of admissions, not including deaths,
66.16 per cent.
You will note from these figures that the net resident population of the Hospital has increased
by 100 persons in the year just closed, making the resident population at March 31st, 192.5, 1,884,
with a daily average population in residence at the Hospital throughout the year of 1,823.29.
The admission of new patients totalled 461; 289 males and 172 females, being fourteen more than
received during the previous fiscal year. This number represents an average monthly admission
of 38.4 persons, whereas our monthly discharges and deaths averaged 30.7 persons, leaving a net
average increase in resident population of approximately eight persons per month, thus accounting for our total increase in resident population for the year.
It will be of interest to you to note the country of birth of those admitted to the Hospital
as shown in Table No. 7. These figures I have analysed, and the results are fairly similar to
those of last year; only 155, or 33.6 per cent., of those admitted are Canadian-born. Other parts
of the British Empire contributed 179, or 38.8 per cent.; Orientals totalled 20, or 4.3 per cent.;
all other countries contributing 107, or 23.2 per cent. From these figures you will note that only
one-third of our admissions were Canadians by birth. These figures indicate to me the necessity
of a more searching examination of immigrants coming to the country before citizenship is
allowed them; otherwise it would seem that, rather than being valuable assets as citizens, they
are to become liabilities as residents of public institutions to be maintained at the expense of
the Province.
The Dominion Immigration Service, as represented in British Columbia, has co-operated to
the fullest extent with us in dealing with the problem of repatriating those who have not
Canadian citizenship, and we feel have functioned fully in this regard. However, it would
appear that additional facilities should be provided by that Department to more effectively
cull out the unfitted before they are admitted to the country.
The various forms of mental illness from which persons were suffering is shown in Table 16.
Here again the figures clearly show the very important part played by heredity in the development of mental illness.    The two forms of mental diseases—namely, the manic depressive and R 10 Mental Hospitals. 1925
dementia prsecox types—contributed 28.2 per cent, and 22.12 per cent, respectively, or a total
of 50.32 per cent, of all admissions. Paranoia, another form of mental disease in which heredity
is an outstanding factor, contributed 7.3 per cent.; while epilepsy and the feeble-minded contributed another 13.7 per cent., making a total of 71.32 per cent, of all those admitted in which
the heredity factor is an outstanding feature. This must strongly suggest the necessity of some
action to prevent the reproduction of the species by persons handicapped in this way. After
being conversant with the facts this matter could, by public education and public support, be
effectively controlled by a more strict supervision of persons permitted to marry and by sterilization of selected cases in which the heredity factor is clearly present. Syphilis, in the form of
general paralysis of the insane, contributed 28 cases, or 6.08 per cent, of the admissions; a figure
somewhat lower than in former years, possibly reflecting the results of the treatment of venereal
disease carried out by the Venereal Disease Clinics established by the Public Health Department
some years ago. Mental diseases arising as a result of bodily illness or injury contributed 55,
or 11.9 per cent, of those admitted; while old age caused 33, or 7.1 per cent., to be admitted and
who suffered from senile dementia.
There were 443 persons discharged, or died, during the period of this report; the deaths
totalled 138, or 5.93 of the total number treated. This figure is nearly 2 per cent, lower than
last year and represents about the average death-rate at the Hospital. No epidemic disease made
its appearance among the patients during the year. The deaths accounted for 29.9 per cent, of
the number admitted, and, in addition to this, we were able to discharge 03, or 13.66 per cent,
of the number admitted as recovered and able to return to their various stations and assume
their responsibilities again in society. With the efficient assistance of the Dominion Immigration
Department, 37, or 8.02 per cent, of the number admitted, were deported as undesirable citizens
to their native country for further care and treatment; 205 were discharged into the care of
friends, or to private institutions, for care as improved or unimproved, leaving a residue of
100 persons still in the Hospital at the close of the year, thus accounting for our net increase
in population.
As noted in last year's report, the largest number became mentally ill between the ages of
35 and 40; 73 being admitted between those ages, thus indicating at least that this is the period
in life where the greatest strain is met.
There were two deaths in the institution during the year resulting from suicidal action on
the part of the persons in question. One, a case of bichloride poisoning, in which the lady
intentionally swallowed bichloride tablets prior to her admission to "hospital. In spite of every
possible treatment she succumbed three days after arrival. The second case was one of
strangulation by a patient who had been in the Hospital some twelve years, had become a chronic
ease, and was not thought to possess suicidal propensities. In both cases the Coroner conducted
inquests and after due investigation and deliberation the jury exonerated the Hospital and staff
from any suggestion of neglect or blame in these cases.
Financial Department.
For full details of the financial operations of the Hospital I respectfully refer you to Part II.
of this report, being the financial section, but for your ready reference I wish to direct your
attention to a few of the outstanding figures in this section.
The gross operating expenditure for all departments of the Mental Hospital, including interdepartmental trading accounts, represents a total sum of $624,839.80; the net expenditure,
however, which represents the cost of the institution to the taxpayer, is $531,0(53.23, which sum
figured against the daily average population of 1,823.29 gives a net per capita cost per day of
79.79 cents per patient, a slight increase over the cost last year. When one considers, however,
that in this year a new building was opened and staffed, with the additional cost of heating,
lighting, and operating this building to be included, the increase in per capita cost is surprisingly
small and is rather less than I personally anticipated. Through diligent attention to the collection
of maintenance accounts, together with the ready co-operation of the Provincial Police in gathering data in this connection, has been responsible for the largest maintenance collection ever made
in the history of the Mental Hospitals. A total sum of $93,776.57 was collected in this way and
remitted to the Treasury; this amount representing an increase of $11,380.95 over the amount
collected in the previous year. I wish here to record my appreciation of and thanks to the
Superintendent of Provincial Police and his officers for their co-operation in this work. 15 Geo. 5 Superintendent's Report. R 11
Farm Department.
This very necessary department of any large institution has functioned quite as satisfactorily
as in former years; in fact, it is steadily increasing its output and more nearly approximating
the requirements of the Hospital in food-supplies as time goes on. This, I feel, is largely due
to the close co-operation of Mr. Moore and the other officers of this department, their energy and
efficiency in conducting this portion of the institution. In order to show that the farm is a very
essential department of the Hospital and a department essential to the economical operation of
the institution, I will draw your attention to the production and cost of some staple articles
required at the institution and produced at the farm at cost much less than they could be bought
on the market, thus saving the Hospital (and by this the taxpayer) a very considerable sum of
money each year. You will note from a perusal of Part III. of this report full details of the
operations in this department. I would, however, like to draw your attention to the fact that
there are some outstanding production figures in this section. We produced and used 1,047,511.7
lb. of milk at a cost of 33.95 cents per gallon. Some 40 acres of potatoes produced an average
crop of 13% tons per acre, or a total of 540 tons required by the iiistitution at a cost of $6.86
a ton. The institution onion needs were largely met by 1% acres yielding 14 tons to the acre
at a cost of $4.88 per ton; 2% acres of carrots produced a crop of 36 tons to the acre at a cost
of $2.50 per ton. Our cannery, by the conservation of perishable foods and making them available for winter use, shows a net profit on operation of $3,177.59. TJhese production costs must
be a final answer to any person suggesting that a farm department is not essential to the economic
operation of a large institution. The production costs in other instances than those cited above
are very far below the market costs of such products were it necessary to buy them on the
market for the use of the Hospital. The department shows a profit of $16,894.82 on its operations
for the year, a figure which is, I think, higbly satisfactory.
I am very pleased indeed to record in this report the opening of the new Acute Building for
the care of acute cases. This building was finished and occupied on November 1st, 1924. The
occupation of this building made it possible to reclassify to a great extent patients in the
Hospital, and also enabled us to modernize our methods of reception and treatment to a considerable degree. The top floor of this building has been set aside as a psychopathic admission unit
entirely separate in its staff organization and in its care of patients from all other portions of
the institution.
We have been fortunate in procuring the services of Miss Van Wyck as Superintendent of
Nurses for this department. She is a trained nurse with special post-graduate training in mental
diseases and has had a considerable practical experience in mental nursing before joining our
staff.
All patients admitted to the Hospital are received in this department where all physical,
laboratory, and mental examinations are carried out. The patient is then brought before a staff
clinic where his case is studied and recommendations made by the staff as a whole for his further
treatment. He is then transferred to whatever department of the Hospital it is felt will best
suit his requirements and promote his recovery. Or, if the case is one of short duration and
there is a probability of an early discharge, he remains in the psychopathic department pending
this discharge. In this way he never comes in contact with the more chronic and institutionalized
patients, which is often very much to his advantage. In the five months this system has been in
operation we have been highly pleased with the results and feel that the rearrangement has been
a very pronounced step forward in the care of our mentally ill. I am embodying in this report
pictures of various portions of this building which will, I am sure, impress you with its suitability
for the work for which it is designed.
I am also pleased to report that the central heating plant so long needed at the Hospital
is now almost completed, and I am enclosing photos of the exterior and interior of this plant
for your information. This should provide us with a very great deal more satisfactory and
efficient heating service than the Hospital has formerly enjoyed, at the same time removing from
close proximity to the Hospital buildings the dirt and noise incidental to such a department.
General Condition of Plant.
The mechanical staff of the Hospital has been busily engaged throughout the year in
maintaining the condition of the Hospital buildings and equipment. In this connection a great
mass of work has been accomplished, much of it not of great magnitude in itself, but together R 12 Mental Hospitals. 1925
has had a very important bearing on maintaining the plant in good condition. At the Public
Hospital for the Insane, where the buildings are older and in many instances very much out
of date and difficult to keep up, we have had a great deal of work to do. Ward C, which was
badly in need of repair, was completely renovated, being relathed, replastered, refloored, and
generally renewed until it is now in as satisfactory a condition as is possible in an old building
of this type. This proved to be a very extensive job and kept our staff, with very little outside
assistance, busy for a considerable period. In addition to this, the Lawn House was reroofed,
new gutters and new foundations were put in, and this building is now in a fairly satisfactory
condition. The heating plant also received attention in repairing fire-boxes, renewing piping, and
generally improving its condition, the results of which have clearly justified the necessity of
the work being done. The painter has been constantly employed, painting the wards throughout
the Hospital, keeping the outside buildings in order, and I am pleased to report that this work
has been well kept up and the plant, from this point of view, is in good condition.
At the Mental Home, Saanich, the plant has also been well maintained. We found it
necessary to make some additions to the radiating surface in the wards to ensure greater comfort
to our patients. This work was carried out at a moderate cost and the results have been entirely
satisfactory. The wards are much warmer and our fuel-consumption has not been materially
altered. The exterior woodwork of the buildings has been painted and the interior cleaned,
kalsomined, and painted as required, leaving the plant in a very satisfactory state of repair.
At Essondale, the largest unit of the Hospitals, a correspondingly greater amount of work has
been carried forward, both in connection with maintaining the satisfactory state of the buildings
and in doing new work in connection with lawns, roads, etc. The buildings as a whole are in a
satisfactory state of repair, both internally and externally. This state of affairs is kept up by
immediate attention to everything which is out of order and having it replaced or repaired at
once. The painters have been continually employed in cleaning and painting the wards and
buildings, and these you will find to be in a quite satisfactory state. It is unnecessary for me
to enumerate the great volume of work done in connection with the maintenance of the plant,
but I am sure you will realize that, a plant of this magnitude requires constant, careful attention
if it is to be kept in good order. The state of the plant generally is in a very good condition
of repair.
Recommendations.
The greatest and most pressing need at the Hospital is still for more bed capacity, and I feel
that, after a perusal of our figures and a reference to the attached chart showing the population
as compared with the normal bed capacity of the Mental Hospitals at the close of the fiscal year,
you will readily appreciate this necessity. You will note further from the attached chart that
the normal bed capacity of the Mental Hospitals was 1,600 beds, whereas we had in residence
1,884 persons. This means a very considerable overcrowding, which makes the proper classification of patients most difficult, as well as militating against the proper hygiene and general health
of the population >as a whole. There is also a very serious risk of patients injuring one another
from the irritations of too close contact, and this annoyance, added to their already ill mind,
materially delays improvement or recovery in their mental health. We are at the present time
especially overcrowded in our women's department at the Public Hospital for the Insane, and it
has been necessary to domicile a ward of quiet male cases who are engaged in the care of lawns,
etc., and are necessary at the institution, in temporary quarters in the Occupational Building
and in the Shops Building. This very greatly increases the difficulty of proper supervision of
these people, but, what is of greater importance, seriously increases the fire risk. This state
of affairs is entirely unspatisfactory, but under the circumstances no other step seems possible
at present. I therefore strongly recommend to you that immediate consideration be given to
the provision of more bed accommodation at the Hospital, and I would further recommend that
this provision be met by the construction of the permanent Chronic Building for female patients,
which will take from three to five years to complete. For this reason I feel that it is extremely
important that very early action should be taken, as by the time the building is ready we will
have a very material increase in our present population; it may even in the interval be necessary
to provide some temporary construction for the housing of patients. As temporary constructions
are ultimately very expensive buildings, I feel that every effort should be made to avoid it if
possible. I would also like to repeat my recommendation of last year that serious consideration
be given the matter of providing an institution for epileptic and feeble-minded persons who are 15 Geo. 5 Superintendent's Report. R 13
now a portion of the Mental Hospital population, and should properly be segregated in a separate
building for their care. There are at least 150 cases in the Mental Hospital population who
really belong in such an institution. By using these beds for the insane a very material
improvement would be brought about in our housing conditions.
The hay-barn at Colony Farm has passed the possibility of satisfactory repair; it is also
at the present time much smaller than is necessary for the storage of hay and straw required for
the care of our herd. I feel that consideration should be given to the replacement of this
building by a larger and more suitable structure, and would recommend that this matter be kept
in mind for future attention.
Acknowledgments.
I wish especially to acknowledge the work performed by Mrs. Ellis under the auspices of
the Red Cross Society in connection with the entertainment of our returned soldier patients at
the Hospital. Mrs. Ellis has worked diligently and with much care in carrying on this work.
She has provided excellent concerts and at all times has co-operated intelligently with the
Hospital staff in this work. I feel that special mention of her work in this report is only a slight
recognition of the valuable service she has done.
I wish also to acknowledge to the fullest extent the splendid co-operation and assistance
given me by the Assistant Medical Superintendents and also by the heads of the various departments throughout the Hospital. Without their loyal support and co-operation it would be quite
impossible to carry on such an organization in any efficient manner whatever. To all other
members of the staff and employees of the institution I wish to make grateful acknowledgment
of their loyal attention to the duties performed by them at the Hospital.
Acknowledgment is also due the various officials of the Government departments with whom
we have had to deal during the year. I would especially mention Mr. Whittaker, Supervising
Architect of the Public Works Department; Mr. Hamilton, of the Purchasing Agent's Department ; and the officers of the Comptroller's section of the Department of Finance. The relations
with these departments have been at all times amicable and the co-operation has been entirely
satisfactory and worked to the benefit of the service generally and to the Hospital in particular.
To yourself, your deputy, Mr. White, and other officers of your Department I wish to express
my sincere appreciation of your support and sympathetic understanding and assistance accorded
me in dealing with the problems relative to the Mental Hospital, without which no superintendent
could possibly carry on successfully.
I have the honour to be,
Sir,
Your obedient servant,
H. C. STEEVES,
Medical Superintendent. R 14
Mental Hospitals.
1925
Ac tual
Population
YEARS.
1920
1921
1922
1923
L924  1925
1926
1900
1800
1700
/
1600
/
1500
/
1400
/
lJOO
Normal bed  capacity including
temporary trail dings.   15 Geo. 5
Laboratory Report.
R 15
LABORATORY REPORT.
Provincial Mental Hospital,
Essondale, B.C., May 26th, 1925.
H. C. Steeves, Esq., B.A., M.D., CM., ,
Medical Superintendent, Essondale, B.C.
Sir,—I have the honour to submit herewith report of work performed in Laboratory during
the year ended March 31st, 1925.
Of the 448 tests for syphilis, 27 were positive, or, in other words, 6 per cent.    The table of
general work done in the Laboratory for the year is as follows:—
Urinalysis—Routine   431
Blood—Wassermann tests for syphilis   448
Blood-counts     45
Spinal fluid—
Wassermann tests     32
Globulin     11
Cell-counts     11
Cultures—Nose and throat  182
Sputa examination for tuberculosis      30
Smears—
Urethral for Gc     11
Miscellaneous      24
Bacterial counts on milk      12
1 have, etc.,
A. L. Crease,
Assistant Medical Superintendent and Pathologist.
DENTAL REPORT.
Provincial Mental Hospital,
Essondale, B.C.
H. C. Steeves, Esq., B.A., M.D., CM.,
Medical Superintendent, Essondale, B.C.
Sir,—I beg to report the following dental work on patients in the Mental Hospitals, New
Westminster and Essondale, during the year ended March 31st, 3925:—
Extractions  453
Amalgam fillings   46
Cement fillings   24
Scaling and cleaning   76
Pyorrhoea treatment  5
Dentures supplied   26
Dentures and plates repaired   21
Dentures adjusted   4
Resetting and inlay  1
General anaesthetics   1
I have, etc.,
F. P. Smith, D.D.S.,
Visiting Dentist. R 16
Mental Hospitals.
1925
STATISTICAL TABLES.
Table No.  1.—Showing the Operations of the Hospitals,  New Westminster,  Essondale,
' and Saanich, from April 1st, 1924, to March 31st, 1925.
Movement of Population.
In residence, New Westminster, March 31st, 1924	
ii Essondale, March 31st, 1924	
„ Saanich, March 31st, 1924	
On probation, carried forward from 1923-24, New Westminster .
,p p, pp Essondale	
ip ' n ip Saanich	
Escaped, carried forward from 1923-24, New Westminster	
M n Essondale	
it n Saanich	
Admitted during the year 1924-25-
By ordinary forms	
By urgency forms	
By voluntary form 	
From the Yukon	
Order in Council	
Total under treatment, New Westminster, Essondale, and Saanich, April
1st, 1924, to March 31st, 1925	
Discharged during period April 1st, 1924, to March 31st, 1925 :
(a.) From New Westminster—
As recovered	
As improved      	
As unimproved	
Not insane	
On probation and still out	
Escaped, but not discharged	
Died	
(&.) From Essondale —
As recovered	
As improved	
As unimproved	
Not insane	
On probation and still out ...
Escaped, but not discharged.
Died	
(c.)  From Saanich—
As unimproved.
Died	
Total discharged from New Westminster, Essondale, and Saanich.
Total in residence, New Westminster, Essondale, and Saanich	
New Westminster—
Total on books, March 31st, 1924   	
Admissions during 1924-25	
Received from Essondale	
Received from Saanich	
Discharged during 1924-25.
Transferred to Essondale...
Transferred to Saanich	
Total in residence, New Westminster, March 31st, 1925
148
3
33
261
15
13
21
5
1
7
12
57
27
25
2
206
170
162
16
56
197
Female.
491
35
38
47
i
38
166
3
1
2
'4
10
529
93
58
Total.
148
46
34
430
18
51
68
1
46
47
222
12
57
30
1
27
2
87
216
1
699
255
74
222
208
7
Total.
Male.    Female.    Total.
260
565
176
561
177
503
2,327 15 Geo. 5
Statistical Tables.
R 17
Table No.
1.—Showing the Operations of the Hospitals,  New  Westminster,  Essondale,
and Saanich, from April 1st, 1924, to March 31 st, 1925—Continued.
Male.
Female.
Total.
Total.
Movement of Population.
Male.
Female.
Total.
Essondale—
983
127
197
206
36
10
148
7
10
36
79
11
10
58
1,019
206
208
216
74
10
148
7
10
1,307
232
126
68
1,433
300
1,075
165
5
160
58
1,133
Saanich—
561
5
88
1,075
160
503
58
5
591
1,133
160
5
160
1,323
Grand total in residence, New Westminster, Essondale, and Saanich, March
31st, 1925	
1,884
Daily average population  1,823.29
Percentage of discharges on admissions (not including deaths)      66.16
Percentage of recoveries on admissions      13.66
Percentage of deaths on whole number under treatment ,       5.93 R 18
Mental Hospitals.
1925
Table No. 2.-
-Showing in Summary Form the Operations of the Hospital since its
Inception.
Year.
1872	
1873	
1874	
1875	
1876	
1877	
1878	
1879	
1880	
1881	
1882	
1883 ....
1884	
1885	
1886	
1887	
1888	
1889	
1890	
1891	
1892	
1893	
1894	
1895	
1896	
1897	
1898	
1899	
1900	
1901	
1902	
1903	
1904	
1905	
1906	
1907	
1908	
1909	
1910	
1911	
1912	
1913	
1914	
1915	
1916	
1917	
1918	
Jan. 1,1919, to
Mar. 31, 1920
Apl. 1,1920, to
Mar. 31,1921
Apl. 1, 1921, to
Mar. 31, 1922
Apl. 1, 1922, to
Mar. 31. 1923
Apl. 1,1923, to
Mar. 31, 1924
Apl. 1, 1924, to
Mar. 31, 1925
BQ
o
' 013
013
3
<i
Discharges.
CO
O
P
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cj
u
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>
o
CJ
033
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U
033
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o o
SZi £
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1
1
15
10
2
5
12
4
3
29
3
3
10
22
11
3
5
14
4
4
3
16
7
3
8
18
4
1
8
17
5
5
13
5
3
5
7
3
1
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8
4
1
3
10
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o
20
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5
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36
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26
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44
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18
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80
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64
23
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101
31
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113
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115
40
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25
121
30
31
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139
38
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115
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150
36*
43
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221
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39
230
68*
56
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232
73t
77
40
280
84
82
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332
67t
114
60
375
74*
128
76
380
90||
146
67
402
58
126
74
332
83
91
89
353
73f
96
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371
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375
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132
574
116
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489
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478
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461
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(0     b
U   CO
CD   O
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s 2 o
16
14
19
32
35
38
36
41
48
48
49
49
51
61
66
77
82
100
117
123
135
133
162
164
171
203
221
234
258
284
311
349
321
348
388
461
507
536
595
690
752
919
1,027
1,090
1,205
1.301
1,347
1,458
1,566
1,649
1,697
1,784
1,884
5
13
3
3
5
7
2
10
5
11
5
18
17
6
12
29
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7
32
18
13
24
26
27
38
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73
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96
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83
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2S
ID'S
fl   si
ST  oi
18
31
26
48
54
49
54
54
58
61
55
57
59
71
88
102
103
123
152
166
175
179
213
224
228
246
285
327
356
377
413
466
480
505
552
666
765
816
896
1,034
1,065
1,264
1,364
1,437
1,527
1,650
1,753
2,025
2,043
2,137
2,180
2,234
2,327
A S
5.55
66.66
33.33
10.34
50.00
28.57
43.75
22.22
29.41
38.46
42.85
50.00
20.00
25.00
37.03
41.66
46.15
34.15
32.69
38.77
32.69
31.81
16.25
46.77
35.93
27.03
33.33
30.69
33.63
34.78
24.79
27.34
40 00
33.33
23.03
21.30
28.30
31.00
30.00
19.57
18.90
22 63
14.43
25.00
20.68
23.72
20.00
20.20
14.17
20.08
20.77
18.56
13.66
15.3 «
MO   g
■£ p»H —
E   03       n*
§   Ma,   o
i3! 2.3
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5.55
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33.33
26.89
63.63
78.57
62.50
27.77
29.41
61.54
57.14
62.50
60.00
25.00
59.25
55.55
69.23
46.34
44.23
46.94
51.92
72.72
40.00
64.51
75.00
37.83
49.38
62.37
57.52
52.17
50.41
53.96
62.61
61.78
52.06
41.20
53.90
64.60
59.28
54.42
53.80
62.10
45.77
52.41
47.87
44.74
45.33
58.71
72.60
57.32
59.38
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4J   OJ
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03   333
6   ai
5  OJ
5.55
16.12
11.53
20.83
9.35
6.12
16.16
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8.62
8.19
3.63
5.26
3.33
6.94
6.81
4.80
2.87
3.25
7.64
11.69
6.95
7.60
8.92
8.92
3.94
5.69
6.66
6.42
8.14
6.63
6.06
5.57
5.42
5.34
5.04
5.08
7.44
6.40
4.57
5.83
7.02
5.30
5.43
6.19
5 24
6.42
7.47
6 51
5.97
5.33
6.10
7.25
5.93
( Three not insane.
t One not insane.
I Two not Insane
Four not insane. 15 Geo. 5
Statistical Tables.
R 19
Table No. 3.—Showing the Totai
Number of Admissions,
Discharges, and Deaths -from
April 1st, 1924,
to March 31st,
1925.
Admission
*.
Discharges.
Deaths.
Months.
Male.
Female.
Total.
Male.
Female.
Total.
Male.
Female.
Total.
1924.
26
14
40
13
1
14
7
4
11
May	
25
16
19
16
44
32
10
7
9
3
19
10
9
8
3
4
12
12
21
29
13
8
34
37
7
8
8
10
15
18
5
2
8
2
13
4
27
18
12
11
39
29
14
10
9
7
23
17
4
6
6
1
10
October	
7
22
19
12
13
34
32
16
9
13
9
29
18
15
9
2
1
17
10
1925.
31
12
43
12
8
20
5
4
9
28
17
45
18
7
25
9
3
12
March	
27
25
52
461
13
137
9
93
21
17
96
4
21
Totals   ....
289
172
230
42
138
Table No. 4.—Showing Civil State of Patients admitted from April 1st, 1924, to
March 31 st, 1925.
Civil .State.
Male.
Female.
108
47
io
2
Total.
90
171
2
9
17
197
217
2
24
19
Totals	
289
172
461
Table No. 5.—Showing Religious Denominations of Patients admitted from April 1st, 1924,
to March 31st, 1925.
Religious Denomination.
Buddhist	
Christian Scientist. ....
Confucian    	
Greek Catholic	
Hebrew	
Lutheran	
Protestant	
Quaker	
Roman Catholic	
Seventh Day Adventist
Unknown	
Totals.
Male.
Female.
5
3
1
10
2
5
1
3
27
5
185
134
2
42
26
1
7
2
289
172
Total.
o
4
12
6
3
32
319
2
68
1
9
461 R 20
Mental Hospitals.
1925
Table No. 6.—Showing the Degree of Education of those admitted from April 1st, 1924,
to March 31st, 1925.
Degree of Education.
Male.
Female.
Total.
1
3S
182
52
16
32
110
14
16
1
Good	
70
292
66
32
Totals     ..
289
172
461
Table No. 7.—Showing the Nationality of those admitted from April 1st, 1924,
to March 31st, 1925.
Nationality.
Male.
Female.
Total.
1
1
15
1
61
6
1
1
2
1
. 13
1
i
1
2
1
6
7
1
9
25
1
15
22
1
26
8
6
2
27
2
14
2
3
1
1
1
44
2
1
1
2_
10
2
3
1
2
1
1
16
1
o
1
11
3
4
21
4
5
4
22
1
2
1
1
1
2
16
1
1
105
8
1
1
2
1
1
3
23
Italy	
3
4
1
2
4
1
8
8
1
10
41
1
St. Helena	
1
17
1
33
4
Canada—
4
47
12
11
6
49
3
16
3
4
Totals	
289
172
461 15 Geo. 5
Statistical Tables.
R 21
Table No. 8.—Showing what Districts contributed Patients from April 1st, 1924,
to March 31st, 1925.
Place  of  Residence.
Female.
Total.
Place  of  Residence.
Male.
Female.     Total.
Abbotsford    	
Agassiz 	
Anyox   	
Armstrong 	
Ashcroft   	
Atlin	
Bainbridge    	
Barriere 	
Beavermouth 	
Bella Bella 	
Bestwicke   	
Bowser    	
Brighouse   	
B.C. Penitentiary 	
Burnaby    	
Burquitlam  	
Campbell   River   	
Chase River	
Chemainus   	
Chilliwack   	
Cloverdale 	
Colley mount	
Collin gwood   	
Colwood	
Comox   	
Connaught 	
Coquitlam	
Courtenay   	
Cowichan   Lake   	
Cranbrook   	
Crelghton  Valley  	
Cumberland    	
Dewdney   	
Discovery   	
Duncan   	
Elko 	
Enderby 	
Esquimalt   	
Fernie 	
Foch    	
Fraser  Lake   	
Fraser Mills 	
Gibson's   Landing	
Glen   Valley   	
Gordon   Head  	
Grand Forks 	
Grande   Prairie   	
Green   Lake   	
Hammond   	
Harrop    	
Harwood Island 	
Hillbank   	
Hope   	
Kamloops   	
Kelowna   	
Keremeos 	
Kidd 	
Kootenay Lake 	
Ladner 	
Langford   	
Langley Prairie 	
Lone Butte 	
Lulu Island 	
Lumby  	
Lund   	
Carried forward
3
1
1
1
1
1
1
2
1
1
1
1
1
1
13
1
2
1
1
4
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
2
6
1
2
1
1
4
2
1
2
5
1
1
1
1
1
1
3
1
1
2
1
1
2
1
12
4
1
1
1
2
1
1
1
2
1
1
Brought forward
McBride 	
Maillardville 	
Merritt 	
Mission	
Mount Lehman 	
Murrayville 	
Nakusp 	
Nanaimo   	
Nanoose Bay 	
Natal  	
Nelson   	
New  Westminster   	
North Bend 	
Notch   Hill   	
Oakalla Prison Farm ...
150-Mile  House  	
Ootsa Lake 	
Peachland   	
Penticton 	
Poplar   	
Port Coquitlam 	
Port  Hammond   	
Port  Haney  	
Port  Mann   	
Port Simpson 	
Powell River 	
Prince George 	
Prince   Rupert   	
Queen's Bay 	
Revelstoke 	
Rossland   	
Salmo 	
Salmon Arm 	
Shannon 	
Sidney   	
Skeena Crossing 	
Slocan City 	
Smithers   	
Sperling   	
Stave Palls 	
Stewart   	
Stone Creek 	
Summerland   	
Terrace   	
Theodosia Arm 	
Trail	
Ucluelet 	
Union Bay 	
Vancouver 	
Vancouver,  North  	
Vancouver,   South   	
Vancouver,  West 	
Vananda 	
Vernon 	
Victoria  	
Walhachin 	
Webster's Corner 	
Wellington,  East  	
White Rock 	
Willoughby   	
Wilmer 	
Winfleld 	
Yukon  (Dawson)  	
Totals	
I
87
33
120
99
8
4
1
2
25
1
1
1
1
1
1
33
1
69
2
1
1
1
19
172
120
1
2
2
2
1
1
2
6
1
1
8
12
1
1
5
1
1
1
4
1
1
1
3
1
1
1
4
4
1
1
4
1
1
1
3
1
1
4
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
168
10
5
1
1
3
44
1
1
1
3
1
1
1
2
461 R 22
Mental Hospitals.
1925
Table No. 9.—Showing the Occupations of those admitted from April 1st, 1924,
to March 31st, 1925.
Occupation.
Male.
Female.
Total.
Occupation.
Male.    Female.
Total.
Accountant	
Attendant, laboratory ...
Blacksmith   	
Carpenter   	
Clergyman    	
Clerk   	
Commercial  traveller  ...
Contractor    	
Cook 	
Decorator   	
Dentist    	
Engineer   	
Engineer,  civil  	
Engineer,   locomotive   ...
Farmer   	
Fireman 	
First-aid man 	
Fisherman 	
Furrier 	
Gardener  	
Golf-club starter	
Horseman   	
Hotelman    	
Housekeeper   	
Housewife  	
Insurance agent 	
Iron-worker 	
Janitor 	
Labourer   	
Laundry-woman  	
Librarian 	
Lineman    	
Linotype operator 	
Logger   	
Longshoreman    	
Machinist   	
Mechanic  	
Mill-hand    	
Miner 	
Miner, coal 	
Carried forward
3
1
5
7
1
7
1
1
3
1
1
4
2
1
26
3
1
1
1
4
1
1
1
1
2
1
80
1
1
16
2
1
16
115
3
1
5
7
1
12
1
1
5
1
1
4
2
1
26
3
1
1
1
4
1
1
1
8
115
1
2
1
80
1
1
1
1
16
2
2
2
1
16
2
Brought forward
Motorman   	
Newspaperman   	
Nightwatchman   	
None 	
Nurse  	
Operator,  movies 	
Painter 	
Photographer   	
Pipe-titter   	
Plumber 	
Plumber,  apprentice  	
Policeman   	
Porter   	
Printer 	
Prospector 	
Rancher 	
Retired     ,	
Saleslady 	
Salesman	
School-teacher 	
Sectionman   	
Servant   	
Shingler 	
Stenographer   	
Storekeeper  	
Student    	
Tailor 	
Teacher   	
Teamster  	
Telegraph  operator 	
Tie-maker   	
Trapper  	
Truck-driver   	
Unknown	
Waiter 	
Waitress   	
Watchmaker   	
Wharfinger   	
Woodman    	
204
132
1
1
2
27
26
2
1
1
2
1
2
1
1
1
3
1
7
7
1
1
1
2
3
1
2
3
3
1
2
2
2
3
1
1
2
1
1
2
1
1
1
1
132
336
Totals
289
172
336
1
1
2
53
2
1
1
2
1
2
1
1
1
3
1
7
7
1
1
1
2
3
1
5
3
3
2
2
3
1
1
2
1
1
2
1
1
1
1
461 15 Geo. 5
Statistical Tables.
R 23
Table No. 10.—Showing the Ages of those admitted from April 1st, 1924, to March 31st, 1925.
Age.
Under 15 years.
From   15 to 20 years.
20  //  25    ,;    .
25
30
35
40
45
50
55
60
65
70
75
30
35
40
45
50
55
60
65
70
75
80
Over 80 years. .
Totals.
Male.
Female.
10
8
17
11
15
9
21
15
41
25
49
24
34
19
26
29
22
7
14
/
16
7
5
2
10
2
5
5
4
2
289
172
18
28
24
36
66
73
53
55
29
21
23
7
12
10
6
461
Table No. 11.—Showing the Number of Attacks in those admitted from April 1st, 1924, to
March 31st, 1925.
Number of Attacks.
Male.
Female.
Total.
First.                         	
162
43
7
2
9
1
65
109
33
10
3
5
1
11
271
76
Third	
17
Fourth    	
5
14
2
76
Totals	
289
172
461
Table No. 12.—Showing the Alleged Duration of Attack prior to Admission.
Duration of Attack.
Male.
Female.
Total.
37
74
21
11
14
7
10
8
3
17
1
86
18
48
25
26
9
6
6
7
3
11
1
12
55
122
46
„        3   „     6      „                	
37
23
13
16
„       5   „   10     „                           	
15
„      10   ii   15      n        	
6
28
2
98
Totals	
289
172
461 R 24
Mental Hospitals.
1925
Table No. 13.—Showing Statistics of Heredity in those admitted from April 1st, 1924,
March 31st, 1925.
Heredity.
Paternal branch. ..
Maternal branch ..
Heredity	
Heredity, inferred
Heredity, unknown
Not insane	
Totals....
Male.
Female.
4
5
4
4
46
28
121
52
113
82
1
1
289
172
Total.
74
173
195
2
461
Table No. 14.—Showing the Alleged Cause of Attack in those admitted from April 1st,
1924, to March 31st, 1925.
Alleged Cause.
Alcohol	
Anaemia	
Arteriosclerosis	
Carcinoma	
Cardiac	
Cerebral embolism....
Congenital   	
Epilepsy	
Heredity    	
Heredity, ascertained.
Heredity, inferred....
Lues	
Meningitis	
Menopause	
Morphine	
Neurasthenia	
Not insane	
Puerperal  .
Religion	
Senility	
Traumatic	
Unknown	
War-strain	
Worry	
Totals .
Male.
Female.
18
3
2
13
4
1
3
1
1
2
46
28
8
9
121
52
26
2
1
2
4
2
3
1
1
1
3
i
21
ii
3
11
16
3
9
27
289
172
Total.
21
2
17
1
3
1
1
2
74
17
173
28
3
4
5
1
2
3
1
32
3
27
3
36
461
Table No. 15.—Showing the State of Bodily Health in those admitted from April 1st, 1924,
to March 31st, 1925.
Bodily Condition.
Male.
Female.
Total.
44
108
135
2
289
25
62
81
4
172
69
170
216
6
Totals	
461 15 Geo. 5
Statistical Tables.
R 25
Table No. 16.—Showing the Form of Mental Disorder in those admitted from April 1st,
1924, to March 31st, 1925.
Form of Disorder.
Acute mania   	
Arteriosclerosis	
Cerebral embolism, with psychosis
Dementia prsecox	
Epileptic	
General paresis	
Hypomania	
Idiocy and imbecility '.
Korsakoff's psychosis	
Manic depressive	
Melancholia	
Moron	
Not insane	
Not yet diagnosed	
Paranoia	
Puerperal	
Psychosis, with paralysis agitans ..
Psychopathic inferiority	
Senile dementia	
Terminal dementia	
Toxic insanity 	
Traumatic	
Totals.
Male.
Female.
4
12
3
1
76
27
13
9
26
2
1
22
18
2
57
69
4
1
3
2
1
1
2
23
11
2
i
1
22
11
1
20
11
2
289
172
4
15
1
103
22
28
1
40
2
126
5
5
2
2
34
2
1
1
33
1
31
2
461
Table No. 17a.—Showing the Number allowed out on Probation and Results from April 1st,
1924, to March 31st, 1925, New Westminster.
Results.
Discharged recovered ..
« improved ..
,, unimproved
n not insane .
Returned to Hospital ..
Still out at close of year
Totals	
Male.
Female.
13
38
21
47
5
4
1
5
21
7
39
52
146
51
68
9
1
26
46
198
Table No. 17b.—Showing the Number allowed out on Probation and Results from April 1st,
1924, to March 31st, 1925, Essondale.
Results.
Discharged recovered...
;, improved...
,, unimproved
Not insane	
Returned to Hospital .
Still out at close of year
Totals	
Male.
Female.
12
57
27
3     '
1
18
4
25
2
138
10
12
57
30
1
22
27
148
Table No. 17c.—Showing the Number allowed out on Probation and Results from April 1st,
1924, to March 31st, 1925, Saanich—Nil. R 26
Mental Hospitals.
1925
Table No. 18a.—Showing the Alleged Duration of Insanity prior to Admission in those
discharged from New Westminster from April 1st, 1924, to March 31st, 1925.
Duration of Insanity.
Less than
Less than
From
1 week..
1 month.
Ov
to 2 months.
„   3      ,,
„   6     „      .
„ 12     „
„   2
„   3
years.
er   3 years.
Not insane.
Unknown.
Totals .
Male.
Female.
6
9
9
19
3
12
2
8
4
7
2
4
2
6
3
5
3
8
1
0
11
40
89
Total.
15
28
15
10
11
6
8
8
11
1
16
129
Table No. 18b.—Showing the Alleged Duration of Insanity prior to Admission in those
discharged from Essondale from April 1st, 1924, to March 31st, 1925.
Duration of Insanity.
Less than 1 week
Less than 1 month ..
From 1 to 2 months
/, 2 „ 3 /,
,i 3 ,i 4 ,,
/, 4 <, 5 n
„ 5 „ 6 „
,/     6    /,  9     n
ii       a    ii  12        it
it     I    ii   2 years.   .
Over 2 years	
Not insane	
Unknown	
Totals	
Male.
Female.
14
23
17
2
5
3
1
3
9
1
22
96
4
Total.
14
23
17
2
3
4
9
1
22
100
Table No. 18c.—Showing the Alleged Duration of Insanity prior to Admission in those
discharged from saanich from april 1st, 1924, to march 31st, 1925.
Duration of Insanity.
Male.
Female.
Total.
1
1
Totals    	
1
1 15 Geo. 5
Statistical Tables.
R 27
Table No. 19a.—Showing the Length of Residence of those discharged from New
Westminster from April 1st, 1924, to March 31st, 1925.
Length of Residence.
Discharged
recovered.
Discharged
improved.
Discharged
unimproved.
Not
Insane.
cj'
73
a
o
73
a
cj
d
73
OJ
73
3
03
d
d
73
5
03
03
73
a
CJ
3
6
3
2
1
1
2
7
7
3
3
3
7
4
1
1
2
1
4
1
1
4
3
2
3
2
6
8
5
1
2
8
5
3
3
1
3
2
2
1
1
1
1
1
1
2   „     3      „	
"
3   „     4                       	
"
4   „     5      „       	
5   „     6      „       	
6   ,,     9       „                 	
"
0   „   12      „      	
"
2   „     3       „       	
3   „     4      „       	
4   „      5       „       	
5   „     6      „       :	
Totals
.     13
38
21
47
5
4
1
Table No. 19b.—Showing the Length of Residence of those discharged from Essondale
from April 1st, 1924, to March 31st, 1925.
Discharged
recovered.
Discharged
improved.
Discharged
unimproved.
Not
Insane.
Length of Residence.
d
73
a
oj*
73
S
tu
pip
d
73
a
03
73
3
CJ
oi
oz
d
73
3
CJ
d
a
a
CJ
3
3
2
2
1
2
5
10
19
10
4
1
2
1
1
2
2
1
2
9
3
3
3
1
2
1
1
1
1
1
„      2   „     3      „       	
„      3   „     6      ,,       	
,,     6   „     9      „      	
9   „   12      „       	
„     2   „     3      „	
„     3   „     4      „       	
4   „     5      „       	
Totals	
12
57
1
27
3
1
Table No. 19c.—Showing the Length of Residence of those discharged from Saanich
from April 1st, 1924, to March 31st, 1925.
Discharged
recovered.
Discharged
improved.
Discharged
unimproved.
Not
Insane.
Length of Residence.
CJ
d
p^
cj
"3
3
o
cj'
03
73
a
d
a
cj'
a
CJ
CJ
CJ*
"3
3
1
Total	
1 R 28
Mental Hospitals.
1925
Table No. 20a.—Record of-Deaths from April 1st, 1924, to -March 31st, 1925,
New Westminster.
Time  in  Hospital.
Eegister
Initials.
Sex.
Age.
Certified Cause.
No.
Years.
Months.
Days.
7174
A. McC.
F.
72
2
17
Hypostatic  pneumonia.
7818
E.   T.
F.
38
9
17
Haemorrhage, cerebral.
8153
W.   M.
M.
45
1
Exhaustion,  general paresis.
8191
A.   M.
F.
46
10
Exhaustion, acute mania.
8199
P.   M.
F.
46
6
Bronchopneumonia.
7805
A.   McD.
M.
81
10
11
Myocarditis, hypostatic pneumonia.
7722
F.  J.
F.
51
1
1
12
Myocarditis, hypostatic pneumonia.
8176
C.  A.   S.
M.
27
1
10
Inanition and exhaustion of dementia
prsecox.
7836
F.   J.   M.
M.
45
10
11
Hypostatic pneumonia.
4445
M.   E.   R.
P.
49
9
29
Pulmonary tuberculosis.
7601
F.   D.   L.
F.
42
1
5
19
Enteritis.
8238
E. J. N.
F.
28
10
Toxaemia, shock, haemorrhages, bichloride poisoning.
5523
S.   J.   M.
F.
55
13
1
15
Suffocation by hanging, suicide.
8265
J. L.
M.
57
6
Angina pectoris.
6146
A.   B.
F.
44
4
6
24
Tuberculosis of the adrenals.
8262
J.   R.   C.
M.
74
16
Cerebral haemorrhage.
823
D. R.
F.
62
26
3
18
Myocarditis.
5931
E.  C.  M.
P.
37
5
27
Pulmonary  tuberculosis.
1832
E.   F.
F.
63
17
12
Lobar pneumonia.
7426
A.  E.   W.
F.
47
1
11
10
Enteritis.
7312
J.   A.   R.
F.
78
2
2
27
Lobar pneumonia.
6993
G.   O.   L.
P.
19
2
11
8
Lobar pneumonia.
8087
E.   M.
F.
50
11
27
Cerebral  embolism.
8145
A.   H.
P.
55
4
21
Chronic myocarditis.
8312
M.  W.
F.
52
22
Pernicious  anaemia.
8323
A.   B.   M.
P.
35
20
Lobar pneumonia.
8356
W.   D.
F.
29
6
Pneumonia.
8058
E.   W.
F.
58
8
6
Exhaustion   of  senile  dementia.
8295
C.  L.   McA.
M.
50
2
14
Exhaustion of general paresis.
8359
M.   P.
P.
58
23
Chronic myocarditis with acute dilatation.
8105
E.   H.
F.
78
7
11
Hypostatic pneumonia.
8119
L.   M.
P.
51
7
5
Exhaustion of acute mania.
83S5
N.   J.
F.
79
7
Gastro-enteritis.
8335
C. H.
M.
72
1
23
Chronic   myocarditis   arteriosclerosis.
6013
W.   D.   A.
M.
50
4
11
20
Gastric hsemorrhage with cirrhosis of
liver.
7483
A.   H.
F.
44
2
26
Pulmonary tuberculosis.
8388
A.   M.   W.
F.
19
1
13
Necrosis of jaw,  cerebral abscess.
8197
A.   S.
P.
79
6
23
Chronic myocarditis.
6601
E.   C.   F.
F.
35
4
1
26
Pulmonary  tuberculosis.
6088
I.   M.  B.
F.
58
5
3
4
Acute enteritis.
4741
M.   A.
F.
39
8
9
4
Gastric hsemorrhage,  gastric ulcer.
5348
F. McM.
F.
67
7
1
14
Bronchial pneumonia.
8435
J.   McC.
F.
75
2
13
Hypostatic pneumonia myocarditis.
8023
M.  A.  L.
P.
75
1
2
8
Chronic myocarditis.
7418
M.   C.
F.
43
1
7
Pulmonary tuberculosis.
7533
E.   S.   J.
F.
26
2
4
14
Pulmonary tuberculosis.
7595
E.  McC.
F.
82
2
2
27
Myocarditis, hypostatic pneumonia. 15 Geo. 5
Statistical Tables.
R 29
Table No. 20b.—Record of Deaths from April 1st, 1924, to March 31st, 1925,
Essondale.
Time  in  Hospital.
Register
Initials.
Sex.
Age.
Certified  Cause.
No.
Years.
Months.
Days.
847
A. S.
M.
60
25
8
28
General  peritonitis.
4086
P. R.  S.
M.
29
9
9
8
Pulmonary  tuberculosis.
7724
M. K.
M.
36
1
8
Exhaustion  of general paresis.
8103
J. S.
M.
54
2
8
29
Luetic aortitis.
5726
W. D.
M.
50
5
4
7
Exhaustion  of general paresis.
7421
W. H.
M.
48
1
9
17
Cerebral haemorrhage.
7500
R. W. Mi
M.
35
7
2
24
Bacteriaemia following Vincent's angina.
8212
G. D. D.
F.
10
11
Septic pneumonia  (bronchial).
7033
J. G.
M.
10
2
8
Marasmus.
2943
II. E. S. W.
M.
48
12
11
16
Pulmonary tuberculosis.
6775
F.  C. T.
M.
83
3
2
14
Exhaustion of senile dementia.
3797
S. A. A.
M.
34
10
8
11
Pulmonary tuberculosis.
7546
A. B.
M.
41
1
7
2
Pulmonary tuberculosis.
8206
R. G.
M.
60
1
3
Luetic aortitis.
8178
H. R.
M.
45
2
2
Bronchopneumonia.
5255
.1. A.
M.
78
6
8
20
Exhaustion  of paralysis agitans.
8051
J. H. S.
M.
46
5
12
Exhaustion of general  paresis.
6943
H. A.
M.
43
2
11
1
Exhaustion of general paresis.
7796
M. S.
M.
40
1
19
Pyonephrosis,   cystitis,   septicaemia.
7684
H. M.
M.
51
1
10
12
Exhaustion of general  paresis.
8097
A. C.
M.
61
5
5
Exhaustion of senile dementia.
8264
E. H. S.
M.
75
1
4
Exhaustion of senile dementia.
7761
J. J.
M.
45
1
2
9
Bronchopneumonia osteomyelitis.
1459
P. K.
M.
30
20
8
13
Bronchopneumonia.
4663
II. P.
M.
46
8
6
23
Accidental   (drowning).
3632
J. L. G.
M.
52
11
5
2
Myocarditis and goitre.
1930
O. P.
M.
60
17
4
15
Cerebral haemorrhage.
7050
J. S.
M.
86
3
5
Myocarditis and  arteriosclerosis.
8154
G. P.
M.
66
6
27
Myocarditis.
7388
I. J. G.
M.
42
2
4
1
Exhaustion of general paresis.
8343
E. P.
M.
52
2
16
Exhaustion of general paresis, gangrene of left heel and septicaemia.
7786
P. D.
M.
64
1
5
5
Exhaustion of senile dementia.
8302
W. D.
M.
85
3
22
Exhaustion of senile dementia,
arteriosclerotic gangrene.
8318
J. II.
M.
47
3
6
Exhaustion of general paresis.
4860
A.   S.
M.
73
8
3
22
Exhaustion   of   senile   dementia.
8031
P. C. G.
M.
44
10
25
Exhaustion  of general paresis.
1266
S. J.
M.
87
22
4
19
Exhaustion of senile dementia.
7156
w. s.
M.
83
2
10
9
Exhaustion of senile dementia.
3808
J. M.
M.
58
11
1
19
Pulmonary  tuberculosis.
6856
D. A.
M.
11
3
6
2
Acute  dilatation,  acute  myocarditis.
7369
J. B. R.
M.
60
2
5
9
Cerebral haemorrhage.
5929
R. G.
M.
15
5
5
8
General debility with exhaustion of
epilepsy.
8437
O. U.
M.
30
13
Exhaustion  of  acute mania.
8344
N. O.
M.
55
3
11
Exhaustion of general paresis.
7534
J. M. C.
M.
72
2
1
10
Exhaustion of senile dementia.
5151
S. J.
M.
74
7
5
24
Exhaustion of senile dementia.
7896
J. s.
M.
27
1
3
15
Pulmonary tuberculosis.
8452
C. B. A.
M.
55
16
Exhaustion of general paresis.
8111
E. J.
M.
35
9
28
Pulmonary tuberculosis.
8457
G. A. C.
M.
54
17
Exhaustion of acute delirious agitation.
8406
II. M. S.
M.
7
2
5
Exhaustion  of epilepsy.
8410
F. II.
M.
74
2
5
Chronic   myocarditis,   arteriosclerosis.
8201
J. G. S.
M.
45
8
8
Exhaustion of general paresis.
2770
A. V.
M.
70
14
1
27
Angina pectoris, myocarditis, arteriosclerosis.
8467
J. R.
M.
77
1
Senile dementia, pulmonary tuberculosis. R 30
Mental Hospitals.
1925
Table No. 20b.—Record of Deaths from April 1st, 1924, to March 31st, 1925,
Essondale—Continued.
Time  in Hospital.
Register
Initials.
Sex.
Age.
Certified Cause.
No.
Years.
Months.
Days.
7545
L. C.
M.
21
2
2
14
Pulmonary   tuberculosis.
S063
W. D.
M.
80
1
7
Exhaustion of senile dementia.
8424
J. H. D. J.
M.
21
2
17
Hypostatic  pneumonia,   mitral   stcno-
7478
A. D.
M.
59
2
4
11
Hypostatic pneumonia, cerebral haemorrhage.
8371
H. J. S.
M.
66
4
14
Pernicious  anaemia.
8520
A. I. G.
F.
S2
11
Exhaustion of senile dementia.
6845
.1. R. S.
M.
85
3
9
Exhaustion of senile dementia.
8517
II.  S.
M.
59
20
Exhaustion of senile dementia.
2199
J. J. T.
M.
45
16
7
20
Endarteritis obliterans, gangrene of
lower extremities, gangrene of
lower  abdomen.
7245
A. F.
M.
67
2
11
4
Hypostatic pneumonia.
8552
W. A.
M.
72
6
Arteriosclerotic nephritis.
8370
J. B.
M.
43
5
8
Exhaustion of acute mania.
7451
G. M.
M.
43
2
6
5
General miliary tuberculosis.
8326
A. C.
M.
54
6
16
Exhaustion of senile dementia.
8570
G. O.
M.
65
3
Exhaustion.
8469
J. E.
M.
44
2
23
Exhaustion of general paresis.
8546
B. J.
M.
21
23
Exhaustion of acute mania.
8575
L. B.
P.
42
7
Exhaustion of acute mania.
8398
R. P.
M.
57
5
Chronic   myocarditis,   arteriosclerosis.
8453
R. L.
M.
50
3
9
Exhaustion of general paresis.
4652
C. E.
M.
49
9
2
26
Pulmonary tuberculosis.
8588
C. L. S.
P.
33
8
Mastitis with bacteriaemia.
8518
J. W.
M.
89
2
1
Exhaustion of senile dementia.
5756
E. E. H.
M.
19
5
2
3
Exhaustion of epilepsy.
7333
J. M.
M.
43
2
10
18
Exhaustion of general paresis.
8352
II. P. L.
M.
65
6
25
Arteriosclerosis.
7976
M. M.
M.
66
1
5
Bronchopneumonia, myocarditis.
7098
S. V.
M.
24
3
4
4
Pulmonary tuberculosis.
8577
J. w.
M.
74
25
Exhaustion of senile dementia.
8611
T. l. t.
M.
22
7
Exhaustion of acute mania and lobar
pneumonia.
8589
W. P.
M.
76
19
Exhaustion of arteriosclerotic psychosis.
8525
G.  L.
M.
81
2
2
Exhaustion of senile dementia,
arteriosclerosis.
Table No. 20c.—Record of Deaths from April 1st, 1924, to March 31st, 1925,
Saanich.
601
M. M.
M.
63
20
Myocarditis.
6737
F. T.
M.
45
2
11
Bronchiectasis.
6688
R. L.
M.
21
2
8
21
Status epilepticus.
4462
Q.'W.
M.
54
9
9
21
Carcinoma of the stomach. 15 Geo. 5
Statistical Tables.
R 31
Table No. 21.—Showing the Number of Deportations and Repatriations effected from April
1st, 1924, to March 31st, 1925, New Westminster, Essondale, and Saanich.
Register
No.
Initials.
Sex.
Country of
Origin.
Period in Canada prior
to Admission to Hospital.
Months.
Days.
Period in Hospital.
Years.
Months.
Days.
8064
8070
8062
7893
8126
8101
8089
8168
8213
8217
8158
8258
8372
8366
8373
8329
8185
8418
8431
8503
8440
8409
8227
8224
8464
8330
8459
7647
7943
8050
8056
8243
6916
6955
5159
8447
J.  O.  N.
I.  T.
G.   L.
T.   B.   L.
W.  B.
L.  Y.
L.   L.
J.   I.
A.  D.
Y.  C.  W.
F.  W.
V.  V.
A.  S.
F. B.
J. A. P.
H. H.
A.  G.
G. A.
J. P. V.
M.  J.
S. L. H.
W. E. G.
A.  G.  D.
L.  I.
R. T. R.
P.  J.
H.   I.
P.  S.  S.
N.  K.
A. B. M.
M. McE.
R. A.  C.
S.  A.
M. A.
E. V.   L.
M.  S.
L. B.
M.
M.
M.
M.
M.
M.
M.
M.
M.
M.
M.
M.
M.
M.
M.
M.
M.
M.
M.
M.
M.
M.
M.
M.
M.
M.
M.
M.
M.
M.
M.
M.
M.
M.
M.
M.
M.
England
Japan ...
Sweden
China   ...
England
China  —
China  ...
Ireland  .
England
China   ...
England
Finland
Scotland
England
Sweden
China   ...
Sweden .
Italy    ...
U.S.A. ...
Sweden
China  ...
England
England
England
U.S.A. ...
Sweden
Japan  ...
England
India   ...
Scotland
Ireland .
England
England
England
Scotland
England
England
3
2
3
3
10
5
22
1
1
4
4
4
2
2
1
11
4
2
2
3
1
11
9
15
3
6
4
5
10
11
6
10
8
10
24
12
21
3
22
13
20
21
2
3
8
8
2
3
10
11
3
1
26
1
17
23
25
11
5
16
7
17
29
25
22
12
17
13
8
19
9
28
25
26
19
24
27
21
7
8
11
23
23
24
5
4
12
5 R 32 Mental Hospitals. 1925
PART II—FINANCIAL.
BURSAR'S REPORT.
Essondale, B.C., September 15th, 1925.
H. C. Steeves, Esq., B.A., M.D., CM.,
General Medical Superintendent of Mental Hospitals,
Essondale, B.C.
Sir,—I have the honour to again submit to you herewith balance-sheets and profit and loss
statements, together with various other financial and statistical tables covering the operation
of Mental Hospitals in British Columbia, for the fiscal year which closed on March 31st, 1925.
The total gross operating expenditure of the three institutions—namely, New Westminster,
Essondale, and Saanich—as shown on Table D, amounting to the sum of $624,839.80, as compared
with $585,111.70 for the previous year, an increase of $39,728.10, includes all expenditures by
voucher from our appropriations and produce purchased from our institution farm. The increase
is chiefly accounted for by the opening of the new Acute Building at Essondale, necessitating
extra staff, another large kitchen, and other duplications for the small population to start with.
In addition to this we had our ever-increasing patient population.
Whereas last year we had a decrease in our revenue of almost $6,000, this year I am happy
to state that we have increased by the sum of $11,380.95, the collections for the year amounting
to $93,776.57, the large.st collection for any year in the history of the institution.
Net expenditure for all three institutions cost the Province the sum of $531,063.23, which,
figured with the total daily average population for these institutions of 1,823.29, gives a net
per capita cost of keeping patients of $291.26 per year, or 79.79 cents per day, as compared with
79.29 cents last year.    (jS'ee Table D.)
A review of comparison of this year's expenditures with those of last year will be of interest
to you, and I am herewith quoting you some of the principal headings of each Hospital.
Public Hospital for Insane, New Westminster.
Salaries.—In the year under review, $.83,310.64 was expended, compared to last year of
$S9,.897.30, a reduction of $6,5.86.66, due to the reduction in the staff and the transfer of patients
to Essondale on account of opening the new Acute Building.
Office supplies and travelling expenses are about the same.
Fuel, Water, Light, and Power.—Here we have another reduction of $1,112.71, practically
all of which was made up in fuel and was the result of rebricking our boilers in the city
institution. The cost of coal was some 20 cents per ton less last year than the previous year,
and while this amounted to about $500, the balance was chiefly the result of repairs to plant and
attention to firing.
Maintenance and Repairs.—We have charged under this heading for the year the sum of
$13,549.91, as compared with $19,534.84 last year, or a reduction of $5,984.93. This is the amount
of increase shown in the previous year's statement and report, and is due to remodelling of
certain wards and practically puts us back to the regular yearly sum which is necessary to
keep up this old institution.
Furniture and Fixtures.—Where in the previous year we expended the sum of $8,300.42
under this heading, the year under review shows $5,939.92, a reduction of $2,360.50, which
decrease was accounted for by eliminating the replacing of carpets and draperies, which, however,
will have to be replaced either in the current year or, possibly, next year.
Provisions.—This account shows) a reduction of $1,376.29, due principally to the transfer of
patients to the Essondale Institution.
Under the headings of clothing, boots, and slippers; medical and surgical supplies; and
examination, committal, and transportation of patients, an increase is noted over the previous
year, which I fully expect to see reduced in the current year. For incidentals and unforeseen
items the statement under review shows a substantial reduction of $4,208.63. i :■ .      ■
«t&.
.. i.   . ■ 1        j .   '. 1
: i i. i I.
JQi
If
SSSif ?•:  15 Geo. 5 Bursar's Report. R 33
While it is very gratifying to report reductions in expenditures, it must be borne in mind that
the population at this institution was reduced in October when the new Acute Building was
opened at Essondale, and that there was a corresponding increase under the various headings
at Essondale to provide for these transfers.
In summing up the year at New Westminster, it shows that, while expenditures were reduced,
this was partly offset by a reduction in population which affects the per capita cost, and with
the increase in revenue remitted to the Treasury the net per capita cost was reduced from
80 cents per day to 71% cents.
Mental Hospital, Essondale.
Salaries.—Where 1924 reports show the sum of $123,593.61 expended, the year under review
reached the sum of $134,384.13, an increase of $10,790.52, all of which was due to staffing the
new Acute Building. This large sum, however, did not materially affect our gross or net per
capita cost, as the increased population and hospital days' treatment bring out a per capita
cost under salaries of $128.37 for the year, as against $128.23 last year.
Office supplies and travelling expenses are about the same as formerly.
Fuel, Water, Light, and Power.—These accounts are substantially increased this year by the
amount of $4,244.60, partly accounted for in fuel and part in light and power, due to the Acute
Building.
Maintenance and Repairs.—No big increase under this heading. The sum of $3,000 is due
to the building of the new Annex at Colony Farm, this amount having to be written into current
expenditure on account of the loss in value of the old Annex by fire. Construction of retaining-
wall and new sidewalks also account for part, while the hundreds of calls for miscellaneous
maintenance repairs and renewals about the institution and the opening of the new building
account for the balance.
Furniture and Fixtures.—Only $8,349.29 was expended this year under this heading, as
compared to $10,171.44 the previous year, there being practically nothing purchased on account
of the Acute Building, which was furnished completely through capital expenditure under the
Department of Public Works.
Substantial increases are noted in expenditures under provisions, clothing, medical supplies,
and incidentals and unforeseen accounts, and are to be expected owing to the transfer of patients
from the city on the opening of the Acute Building; but this increase was again offset with
additional hospital days' treatment and also in our net per capita cost, with an increase in the
revenue remitted to the Treasury, amounting to over $6,500 over last year, so that the net
per capita cost shows a small increase of 82.9 cents per day, as compared with 76.6 cents last
year. This is a remarkable figure when you consider every charge pertaining to the institution
is included therein, with the exception of new capital expenditures properly authorized and
handled outside of this Department.
Capital Expenditures, Essondale.
The cost of building the new Acute Building at Essondale amounted to the sum of $623,168.87,
this sum being obtained from the Department of Public Works and capitalized as an asset to
building account in our books, $77,663.69 being the total cost of furnishing this new institution.
The sum of $5,192.02 was expended for the construction of cottages at Essondale for the medical
staff.
Saanich Mental Home.
This institution expended during the year very similar to that of last year. Patients in
residence increased from the daily average of 139.69 to 156.28. The gross maintenance was
reduced from $383.68 per capita for last year, or $1,048 per day, to $375.70, or $1,029, for the
year under review. There was an increase in salaries owing to the increase in staff to provide
for additional population. transferred to that institution. The increase in maintenance and
repairs is due to the remodelling, cleaning, and painting unoccupied portions of the building for
the residence of these new patients, and there is also an increase in provisions and incidental
accounts.    Practically all other headings show a reduction from former years.
I am pleased to report that the work of this Department is at present up to date and in
good order, as evidenced by the satisfaction expressed by the Provincial Government auditors
3 R 34 Mental Hospitals. 1925
on their recent visit, when the books were audited and our methods examined. While the past
year has been a heavy one for all concerned, due, chiefly, to the furnishing, equipping, and operating of the new unit, all the staff have worked with great co-operation, and I wish to take this
opportunity of thanking my assistants in both office and stores and to express my appreciation
for their services to the institution and to myself during the year.
The assistance of departmental heads, together with your own co-operation in all things
pertaining to our work, has materially aided me in performing the duties of this office.
All of which is respectfully submitted.
Gowan Macgowan,
Bursar. 15 Geo. 5 New Westminster. R 35
PUBLIC HOSPITAL FOR INSANE, NEW WESTMINSTER.
Balance-sheet, March 31st, 1925.
Assets.
Land   $ 80,000 00
Cemetery    610 89
Buildings       497,134 20
Plant and equipment       17,345 82
Furniture and fixtures       17,900 00
Inventories—
Provisions   $3,459 77
Fuel       2,100 00
Furniture and fixtures     3,096 28
Maintenance and repairs      3,053 85
Clothing     6,918 39
Incidentals and unforeseen        328 70
      18,956 99
Deficit (cost of operations, 1924-25)      161,801 80
,5793,749 70
Liabilities.
Government of Province of British Columbia   $793,749 70
Profit and Loss Account, 1924-25.
Salaries   $83,310 64
Office supplies   2,211 67
Travelling expenses   213 65
Fuel, water, light, and power   22,110 07
Maintenance >and repairs   13,549 91
Furniture and fixtures  5,939 92
Provisions   4S.531 79
Clothing, boots and slippers   6,584 38
Medical and surgical supplies   2,400 84
Examinations, committals, and transportation   8,509 66
Incidentals and unforeseen   7,661 26
Patient-labour (Colony Farm)   $    1,500 CO
Collections for year to Treasury  37,721 99
Net operating cost for year   161,801 80
$201,023 79 $201,023 79 R 36 Mental Hospitals. 1925
MENTAL HOSPITAL, ESSONDALE.
Balance-sheet, March 31st, 1925.
Assets.
Land   $   116,913 80
Buildings        1,265,787 17
Furniture and fixtures         113,671 97
Plant and equipment          52,990 59
Inventories (unissued, stores) —
Provisions     $6,330 74
Clothing   :     5,632 37
Furniture and fixtures      5,174 12
Miscellaneous  .'       103 80
Fuel         840 30
Maintenance and repairs      5,472 17
         23,553 50
Deficit (cost of operations, 1924-25)    316,671 25
$1,889,588 28
Liabilities.
Government of Province of British Columbia   $1,889,588 28
Profit and Loss Account, 1924-25.
Salaries   ..'.  $134,384 13
Office supplies   3,797 58
Travelling expenses   810 85
Fuel, water, light, and power  47,012 91
Maintenance and repairs   26,108 94
Furniture and fixtures   8,341 29
Provisions  114,271 63
Clothing   29,746 35
Medical and surgical supplies  5,695 07
Examinations, committals, and transportation   657 72
Incidentals and unforeseen   14,334 21
Patient-labour (Colony Farm)    $     18.560 00
Collections for year to Treasury   49,929 43
Net operating cost for year   316,671 25
$385,160 68 $   385,160 68 15 Geo. 5 Saanich. R 37
MENTAL HOME, SAANICH.
Balance-sheet, March 31st, 1925.
Assets.
Land    $ 12,100 00
Buildings      229,705 00
Furniture and fixtures  -       14,048 49
Implements and live stock         4,176 50
Airing and recreation court   750 00
Inventories—
Provisions  $711 11
Clothing      464 86
Sundries        81 50
Furniture and fixtures      156 62
Maintenance and repairs     228 73
        1,642 82
Deficit (cost of operations, 1924-25)        52,590 18
$315,012 99
Liabilities.
Government of Province of British Columbia   $315,012 99
Profit and Loss Account, 1924-25.
Salaries  '.  $21,389 22
Office supplies  576 00
Travelling expenses  , 75 60
Fuel, water, light, and power   5,961 84
Maintenance and repairs   5,321 53
Furniture and fixtures   1,345 19
Provisions  13,237 52
Clothing  3,862 06
Medical and surgical supplies   262 78
Examinations, committals, and transportation  107 00
Incidentals and unforeseen  .'.  6,570 59
Collections for year to Treasury  $    6,125 15
Net cost of operations   52,590 18
$58,715 33 $ 58,715 33 R 38
Mental Hospitals.
1925
FINANCIAL TABLES—Table A.—.Showing the Average Number of Patients in Residence
each Year, the Total Amounts spent for Maintenance, and the Gross Per Capita Cost.
Ye
1872(81 days) 	
1873	
1874	
1875	
1876	
1877  	
1878	
1879  	
1880	
1881	
1882	
1883	
1884	
1885	
1886	
1887	
1888	
1889	
1890	
1891	
1892	
1893	
1894	
1895	
1896	
1897	
189S	
1899	
1900	
1901	
1902	
1903	
1904	
1905	
1906	
1907	
1908	
1909	
1910	
1911  	
1912    	
1913, M.H., New Westminster	
1913, M.H., Essondale (9 months)	
1914, M H., New Westminster	
1914, M.H., Essondale	
1915, M.H., New Westminster	
1915, M.H., Essondale	
1916, M.H., NewWestminster	
1916, M.H., Essondale	
1917, M.H., New Westminster	
1917, M.H., Essondale	
1918, M.H., New Westminster	
1918, M.H., Essondale	
1919-20, M.H., New Westminster (15 months)
1919-20, M.H., Essondale (15 months)	
1919-20, M.H., Saanich (373 days)	
1920-21, M.H., New Westminster	
1920-21, M.H., Essondale	
1920-21, M.H., Saanich	
1921-22, M.H., New Westminster	
1921-22, M.H., Essondale   	
1921-22, M.H., Saanich	
1922-23, M.H., New Westminster	
1922-23, M.H., Essondale	
1922-23, M.H., Saanich	
1923-24, M.H., New Westminster	
1923-24, M.H., Essondale	
1923-24, M.H., Saanich	
1924-25, M.H., New Westminster	
1924-25   M.H., Essondale	
1924-25,  M.H., Saanich	
Average Number
AI aintenance
Per Capita
in Residence.
Expenditure.
Cost.
16.57
$ 2,265 25
$616 00
16.07
7,841 94
487 98
16.76
8,232 41
491 20
27.42
9,892 38
360 77
36.41
12,558 18
344 91
34.61
12,917 17
373 26
36.52
13,985 05
382 93
38.17
10,253 72
268 63
45.42
10,552 18
232 32
47.18
10,691 76
226 62
47.86
11.343 65
237 02
48.73
11,829 11
242 75
48.70
11,843 94
243 20
54.67
15,555 87
284 54
59.11
15,334 43
259 42
73.55
15,945 22
216 70
79.43
16,261 06
204 72
71.30
15,657 79
219 60
78.78
17,577 80
223 13
119.87
21,757 03
181 50
125.24
23,518 37
187 80
133 92
25,904 98
193 36
148.64
26,495 83
178 25
162.97
31,587 89
193 83
171.43
32,001 40
186 67
1S8.91
36,224 76
191 75
216.53
46,420 25
214 38
226.44
54.917 45
242 52
243.24
59,349 20
244 00
269.56
55,406 08
205 54
296.62
55,345 65
186 59
332.23
59,353 57
178 65
351.55
66,052 76
187 89
340.90
63,342 07
185 80
374.57
66,596 69
177 79
419.24
74,874 64
178 59
490.80
90,269 49
183 92
526.85
96,586 32
183 32
563.33
103,990 44
184 43
641.02
126,782 50
197 78
736.72
130,924 06
177 71
550.54
119,663 71
217 36
384.07
71,079 84
184 76
487.24
125,981 45
258 56
489.07
131,420 44
268 36
515.74
123,021 70
238 53
560.56
123,878 43
220 99
524.17
116,052 21
221 40
633.13
155,698 37
245 91
535.66
124,124 68
231 72
716.35
166,231 51
232 05
585 38
156,574 85
267 47
752.78
222,097 37
295 03
562.12
236,631 90
420 97
755.46
357,630 99
473 38
90.51
40,433 28
446 72
567.47
233,486 76
411 44
834.10
336,585 35
403 52
108.67
51,995 87
478 47
596.07
210,887 45
353 79
890.32
321,150 35
360 71
120.05
47,860 96
398 67
603.40
214,672 13
355 77
942.60
312,955 52
332 01
127.57
47,215 01
370 11
628.85
219,277 02
348 69
963.83
334,227 39
346 76
139.69
53,597 29
383 68
620.23
201,023 79
324 11
1,046.78
385,160 68
367 94
156.28
58,715 33
375 70
1 15 Geo. 5
Financial Tables.
R 39
Table B.—Showing Analysis of the Per Capita Cost.
Year.
Salaries.
Provisions.
Clothing.
Fuel and
Light.
Furniture.
Medicines.
Miscellaneous.
Total.
1872	
$279 38
$1S4 03
$55 81
$22 44
$15 55
$10 18
$49 30
$616 69
1873	
221 48
166 81
14 55
23 65
21 59
7 74
32 16
487 98
1874	
231 10
152 10
22 07
23 98
28 36
7 78
25 81
491 20
1875	
153 82
113 40
13 98
16 88
25 45
6 73
30 51
360 77
1876	
143 34
114 45
18 68
22 75
17 90
2 86
24 93
344 91
1877	
177 15
126 75
20 69
4 66
20 75
3 74
19 52
373 26
1878	
176 16
124 23
30 43
13 94
7 20
9 16
21 82
382 93
1879	
134 27
95 10
3 25
15 91
6 39
6 31
7 40
268 63
1880	
111 84
87 71
5 74
14 06
6 00
3 63
3 34
332 32
1881	
112 44
81 14
6 86
12 73
5 55
2 56
5 34
226 62
1882	
121 51
84 52
7 05
12 .30
4 54
3 49
3 61
237 02
1883	
123 81
92 56
6 03
11 04
4 26
2 24
2 82
242 75
1884	
124 02
90 64
7 03
12 43
4 14
2 77
2 18
243 20
1885	
169 05
84 33
6 33
15 05
3 90
2 93
2 95
284 54
18S6	
159 03
69 35
5 49
16 20
3 72
1 59
4 04
259 42
1S87	
127 80
59 10
5 88
15 38
3 88
93
3 81
216 78
1888	
118 34
60 47
4 41
13 90
3 11
2 09
2 40
204 72
1889	
131 70
59 11
7 20
12 93
4 13
2 07
2 46
219 60
1890	
121 54
62 77
9 02
17 31
4 00
1 29
7 19
223 12
1891	
88 .35
54 79
3 83
20 43
3 40
1 89
8 81
181 50
1892	
94 25
56 74
4 69
20 53
3 35
1 80
6 42
187 80
1893...
95 50
87 76
53 55
57 07
5 43
5 25
22 60
18 83
3 39
2 98
2 69
1 43
10 20
4 93
193 36
1894	
178 25
1895	
90 83
61 15
9 90
20 41
2 51
3 10
5 93
193 83
1896	
89 13
55 93
6 30
20 29
2 56
3 63
8 83
186 67
1897	
89 09
58 18
8 36
19 11
2 95
3 86
10 20
191 75
1898	
94 68
69 43
9 94
21 82
2 76
5 12
10 62
214 37
1899	
113 31
72 91
8 31
33 96
2 50
2 73
8 80
242 52
1900	
116 04
72 62
9 06
32 10
2 15
1 71
10 32
244 00
1901	
99 16
66 65
10 12
18 52
3 25
1 07
6 77
205 54
1902	
87 47
61 13
7 95
15 25
4 13
1 20
9 46
186 59
82 36
57 86
8 58
14 77
3 24
1 91
9 93
178 65
1904	
87 43
60 01
6 85
17 84
4 48
2 10
9 18
187 89
1905	
92 17
54 09
5 99
17 93
3 83
2 03
9 76
185 80
1906	
88 76
53 15
5 16
15 92
3 57
1 21
10 02
177 79
1907	
89 18
48 47
5 81
19 82
3 02
1 57
10 72
178 59
1908	
90 93
49 17
6 61
17 63
4 56
1 79
13 23
183 92
1909	
94 27
53 41
8 16
13 02
2 78
84
10 84
183 32
1910	
95 97
48 43
7 87
21 32
2 02
1 15
7 67
184 43
1911 	
97 44
58 08
9 39
18 84
1 12
1 87
11 04
197 78
1912	
78 40
56 37
10 09
19 36
1 79
1 50
10 20
177 71
1913, M.H.,
New West.
102 37
54 07
9 43
25 27
4 74
3 21
18 27
217 36
1913, M.H.,
Essondale.
93 56
49 90
5 50
25 13
55
1 02
14 10
184 76
1914, M.H.,
New West.
115 72
68 15
2 99
24 13
69
2 64
44 24
258 56
1914, M.H.,
Essondale.
113 06
81 42
15 49
28 93
4 14
1 19
24 13
268 36
1915, M.H.,
New West.
110 94
64 32
7 57
20 30
1 88
33 52
238 53
1915, M.H.,
Essondale.
95 25
62 84
9 44
24 87
1 14
56
26 89
220 99
1916, M.H.,
New West.
105 89
74 96
2 58
18 52
1 45
18 00
221 40
1916, M.H.,
Essondale.
89 26
75 18
17 76
26 96
4 98
42
31 35
245 91
1917. M.H.,
New West.
103 41
72 20
10 52
18 29
2 38
24 92
231 72
1917, M.H.,
Essondale.
83 57
79 98
18 92
23 39
4 77
81
20 61
232 05
This accounting system discontinued in 1917, and new system installed as per Table B 1. R 40
Mental Hospitals.
1925
•
Table B 1.—Showing Analysis of the Gross Per Capita Cost.
O
%
o
H
$267.47
295.03
420.970
473.381
446.726
411.446
403.524
479.470
353.793
360.708
398.671
355.770
332.013
370.110
348.695
346.769
383.687
324.111
367.948
375.705
£     s
1       B
$8,694
9.266
13.806
13.856
34.708
18.069
8.542
61.481
18.000
7.517
30.669
11.871
5.935
42.247
18.875
4.060
35.890
12.352
13.693
42.082
Examination,
Committal,
and Transportation.
$4,103
0.060
14.230
1.466
6.183
13.549
0.279
0.140
14.946
0.367
2.370
13.563
0.283
0.180
12.059
0.463
0.747
13.720
0.628
0.684
$2,102
1.663
5.061
2.118
1.931
6.392
3.037
5.173
4.696
3.496
4.031
3.709
3.029
1.914
3 547
3.216
2.257
3.871
5.440
1.682
id
tig £
0      a
a ef P.
.2 e"
% 7.103
17.235
5.467
27.488
20.270
17.038
35.304
31.359
4.3S9
30.224
31.713
16.029
24.417
28.202
7.694
26.534
29.984
10.616
28.426
24.712
o5
a
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CC CC        Oi        1-       O       "* p-« Pj>"       KPDJO        "*T*,r-"       CO C CO        — CDC
Ci 00        PO.        irz        CO        COTfTt"        CO OO —        -* Tt< pO        CC Ci Gi        Ol — t-
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Furniture
and Fixtures,
Bedding,
etc.
$9 547
8.438
10.052
12.414
10.336
18.365
13.(587
6.054
14.369
13.707
5.737
20.444
8.2.31
2.501
13.200
10.553
9.539
9 577
7.969
8.607
ft* *
0)   w   —
Pi    a
COOS        CO        Tt        -*i        CCOPO        00 t— Ci        CO CO O        Tf CC P-.       r^ O —
0^ — 00 as 0 0 p>- 01 -* l~- cc co 00 co cc Tf ^-tir
t-- 00     cm     >c     00     Ci 00 01     i— tr o~>     tip —< 0     cm-,     xcjc
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$27,186
33.378
45.794
'47.000
41.927
39.685
35.996
54.736
44.814
40.826
55.268
42.666
41.376
49.071
36.929
44 373
45.671
35 619
44.910
38.149
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£ ft
g  X
t-~ Ol —1 00 CM CC Gi CO L-- r^ CO Ci JO t-~ CD — 10 -cH IO Tt
Ci cc 00 —' r- — Ci 00 :Ci CO CO cchO I^COt*- -rt^oc
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$2,133
3.000
4.375
3.812
4.954
3.535
3.754
2.070
3.970
3.297
2.9(19
3.494
2.919
2.158
2.732
3.238
2.698
3.565
3.628
3.685
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9»
Year.
918, New Westminster
918, Essondale.	
919-20, New Westminster  (15 months)..
919-20,  Essondale   (15
CO
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920-21, New Westmin-
920-21, Essondale ....
920-21, Saanich
921-22, New Westminster 	
921-22, Essondale
921-22, Saanich	
922-23, New Westmin-
922-23, Essomhde....
922-23, Saanich	
923-24, New Westminster   	
923-24, Essondale  ....
923-24,-S1 pnich
924-25, New Westminster   	
924-25, Essondale
924-25. Saanich	 15 Geo. 5
Financial Tables.
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1925
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ClOSCS        ©         OS        CS        ©OS©        ©OSCS         ©©©         CiCi©        ©© 15 Geo. 5 Financial Tables. R 43
Table D.—Summaey Statement showing the Geoss and Net Peb Capita Cost of Insane
Patients in the Three Institutions.
Public Hospital for Insane, New Westminster—
Total maintenance vouchers   $189,043 56
Proportion headquarters vouchers   3,723 60
Colony Farm Produce Account   21,904 52
March 31st, 1924, inventories  20,976 05
$235,647 73
Less Clothing Account, Essondale   $13,301 05
„    Clothing Account, Saanich       1,539 00
„     Colony Farm Account      2,326 90
„     March 31st, 1925, inventories      18,956 99
      36,123 94
Total, Public Hospital for Insane, New Westminster   $199,523 79
Provincial Mental Hospital, Essondale—
Total maintenance vouchers   $302,10S 55
Proportion headquarters vouchers  -.  7,447 21
New Westminster Clothing Account   13,301 05
Colony Farm Produce Account   75,714 52
March 31st, 1924, inventories   13,954 41
$412,525 74
Less Public Works Department   $    360 00
„     Provincial Industrial School for Boys       3,451 56
„     Patient-labour, Colony Farm      18,5(50 00
„     March 31st, 1925, inventories      23,553 50
45,925 06
Total, Provincial Mental Hospital, Essondale     366,600 68
Mental Home, Saanich—
Total maintenance vouchers   $ 54,998 71
Proportion headquarters vouchers   1,861 79
New Westminster Clothing Account   1,539 00
Colony Farm Account   325 0O
March 31st, 1924, inventories   1,378 65
Reduction in live-stock inventories   255 00
$ 60,358 15
Less March 31st, 1925, inventories         1,642 82
Total, Mental Home, Saanich      58,715 33
Total operating expense for the three institutions   $624,839 SO
Less collection remittances to Treasury—
Public Hospital for Insane, New Westminster  $ 37,721 99
Mental Hospital, Essondale       49,929 43
Mental Home, Saanich        6,125 15
      93,776 57
Total net expense for the three institutions   $531,063 23
Total average population for the three institutions, 1,823.29, showing a net per capita cost of
$291.26 per year, or 79.79 cents per day. R 44 Mental Hospitals. 1925
Table E.—Expense and Revenue Statement of the New Westminster Hospital for 12 Months
ended March 31st, 1925.
Operating Expense Accounts.
Operating expenditure by voucher—
Salaries—
Medical and clerical staff  $    9,517 95
Other employees        76,509 45
  $ 86,027 40
Office supplies—
Books and journals   $      206 29
Postage and office supplies  939 01
Telegrams and telephone   624 76
        1,770 06
Travelling expenses  115 15
Fuel, light, water, and power—
Fuel     $ 16,967 19
Water           2,829 10
Light and power         2,849 09
      22,645 38
Maintenance and repairs—
Repairs and renewals   $ 11,050 36
Janitors' supplies   719 40
      11,769 76
Furniture and fixtures—
Bedding   $    2,876 43
Furniture and fixtures        2,406 20
Miscellaneous         1,562 93
        6,845 56
Provisions—
Groceries   $ 22,266 21
Meats          6,127 92
Fish           2,615 90     '
 31,010 03
Uniforms and clothing—
Clothing  $ 11,870 94
Boots and slippers        1,061 60
      12,932 54
Medical and surgical—
Drugs   $    1,299 60
Surgical instruments   572 77
Sundry  528 47
        2,400 84
Examinations, committals, and transportation—
Examinations     $      983 40
Committals   20 00
Transportation        7,506 26
        8,509 66
Incidentals and unforeseen—
Amusements   $ 223 02
Gratuities   44 32
Funerals    450 00
Auto-tires   155 08
Auto-repairs   289 47
Gasolene and oils   762 43
Carried forward   $    1,924 92 $184,026 38 15 Geo. 5 Financial Tables. R 45
Table E.—Expense and Revenue Statement of the New Westminster Hospital for 12 Months
ended March 31st, 1925—Continued.
Operating Expense Accounts—Continued.
Brought forward   $    1,924 92 $184,026 38
Operating expenditure by voucher—Continued.
Incidentals and unforeseen—Continued.
Tools and implements   458 93
Freight and cartage  155 23
Miscellaneous         2,47S 10
        5,017 18
Total expenditure for year by voucher   $189,043 56
Proportion headquarters vouchers         3,723 60
Colony Farm Produce Account       21,904 52
$214,671 6S
Summary of Profit and Loss Accounts.
Yearly
Per Capita
Cost.
Salaries   :  $ 83,310 64 $134,322
Expenses—
Office supplies  2,211 67 3.565
Travelling expenses  213 65 .344
Fuel, water, light, and power   22,110 07 35.649
Maintenance and repairs   13,549 91 21.847
Furniture and fixtures  ,  5,939 92 9.577
Provisions   48,531 79 78.248
Clothing, boots, and slippers   6,584 38 10.616
Medical and surgical supplies   2,400 84 3.871
Examinations, committals, and transportation   8,509 66 13.720
Incidentals and unforeseen   7,661 26 12.352
$201,023 79        $324,111
Less patient-labour  (against market price for farm produce).... 1,5CO 00 2.418
$199,523 79        $321,693
Less Revenue Account (maintenance of patients)      37,72199 60.819
Net cost of patients' maintenance to Government   $161,801 80        $200,874
Remarks.
Total patients in residence, New Westminster, March 31st, 1925      591
Daily average population in New Westminster for year      620.23
Gross maintenance per capita cost, 1 year   $324.11
Gross maintenance per capita cost, 1 day   .888
Net maintenance per capita cost, 1 year      260.87
Net maintenance per capita cost, 1 day  .715 R 46 Mental Hospitals, 1925
Table F.—Expense and Revenue Statement of the Essondale Hospital for 12 Months
ended March 31st, 1925.
Operating Expense Accounts.
Operating expenditure by voucher—
Salaries—■
Medical and clerical staff  $ 10,485 70
Other employees      117,531 45
 — $128,017 15
Office supplies—
Books and journals   $      236 29
Postage and office supplies         1,144 98
Telegrams and telephone         1,533 08
 2,914 35
Travelling expenses  613 85
Fuel, water, light, and power—
Fuel   $ 35,559 99
Water           5,670 91
Light and power          6,020 91
      47,251 81
Maintenance and repairs—
Repairs and renewals   $ 22,149 13
Janitors' supplies         2,159 37
New Annex Building        2,920 40
 27,228 90
Furniture and fixtures—
Bedding   $    5,392 86
Furniture and fixtures  ,        2,447 72
Miscellaneous        4,581 95
      12,422 53
Provisions—■
Groceries   $ 42,966 16
Meats          12,867 93
Fish     4,614 20
$ 60,448 29
Less board supplied Colony Farm employees          9,549 00
       50,899 29
Uniforms and clothing—
Clothing     $ 13.272 48
Boots and slippers          3,973 75
 17,246 23
Medical and surgical supplies—
Drugs   $    2,876 98
Surgical instruments         1,816 57
X-ray and sundry          1,001 52
        5,695 07
Examinations, committals, and transportation—
Examinations  $      105 00
Committals   17 50
Transportation     535 22
  657 72
Incidentals and unforeseen—
Amusements   $    1,294 39
Gratuities   162 85
Funerals         1,350 00
Carried forward   $    2,807 24 $292,946 90 15 Geo. 5
Financial Tables.
R 47
Table F.—Expense and Revenue Statement of the Essondale Hospital for 12 Months
ended March 31st, 192?)—Continued.
Operating Expense Accounts—Continued.
Brought forward  $    2.S07 24 $292,946 90
Operating expenditure by voucher—Continued.
Incidentals and unforeseen—Continued.
Auto-tires    65 52
Auto-repairs     1,032 54
Gasolene and oils   8S1 53
Tools and implements   502 78
Freight and cartage   938 79
Miscellaneous     2,933 25
 9,161 65
Total expenditure for year by voucher   $302,108 55
Proportion headquarters vouchers         7,447 21
Institution Trading Accounts—
Colony Farm Produce Account  $ 75,714 52
New Westminster Clothing Account        13,301 05
      89,015 57
$398,57133
Summary of Profit and Loss Accounts. Yearly
Per Capita
Cost.
Salaries   $134,384 13 $128,377
Expenses—
Office supplies         3,797 58 3.628
Travelling expenses            810 85 .775
Fuel, water, light, and power      47,012 91 44,910
Maintenance and repairs       26,10S 94 24,940
Furniture and fixtures          8,341 29 7.969
Provisions        114,271 63 109.162
Clothing         29,746 35 2S.426
Medical and surgical supplies          .5,695 07 5.440
Examinations, committals, and transportation             657 72 .628
Incidentals and unforeseen        14,334 21 13.693
$385,160 68       $367,948
Less patient-labour (against market price for farm produce)       18,560 00 17.730
$366,600 68        $350,218
Less Revenue Account (maintenance of patients)....      49,929 43 47.698
Net cost to Government for maintenance of patients  $316,671 25       $302,520
Remarks.
Total patients in residence, Essondale, March 31st, 1925   1,133
Daily average population in Essondale for year  1,046.78
Gross maintenance per capita cost, 1 year     $367.94
Gross maintenance per capita cost, 1 day  1.008
Net maintenance per capita cost, 1 year     302.52
Net maintenance per capita cost, 1 day  .829
Capital Expenditure.
Cottages   $5,192 02 R 48 Mental Hospitals. 1925
Table G.—Expense and Revenue Statement of the Saanich Hospital for 12 Months
ended March 31st, 1925.
Operating Expense Accounts.
Operating expenditure by voucher—
Salaries—
Supervisor     $    1,620 00
Other employees       18,177 48
 $ 19,797 48
Office supplies—
Books and journals  $        26 40
Postage and office supplies   166 99
Telephone and telegrams   161 81
  355 20
Travelling expenses  26 35
Fuel, water, light, and power—
Fuel    $    4,792 65
Water     204 61
Light and power   964 58
Maintenance and repairs—
Repairs and renewals   $    4,677 48
Janitors' supplies  685- 09
Furniture and fixtures—
Bedding   $ 527 22
Furniture and fixtures   604 77
Miscellaneous   47 02
Provisions—
Groceries   $    9,808 93
Meats   2,928 51
Fish    838 46
Uniforms and clothing—
Clothing   $    1,853 59
Boots and slippers   468 90
5,961 84
5,362 57
1,179 01
13,575 90
2,322 49
Medical and surgical supplies—
Drugs   $       180 78
Sundries     S2 CO
  262 78
Examinations, committals and transportation—
Transportation   107 00
Incidentals and unforeseen—
Amusements   $      323 OO
Funerals   124 00
Auto-tires  121 29
Auto-repairs   116 65
Gasolene and oils   229 41
Tools and implements   92 02
Freight and cartage  80 05
Miscellaneous        4,961 67
 6,048 09
Expenditure for year by voucher   $ 54,998 71
Carried forward  $ 54,998 71 15 Geo. 5 Financial Tables. R 49
Table G.—Expense and Revenue Statement of the Saanich Hospital for 12 Months
ended March 31st, 1925—Continued.
Operating Expense Accounts—Continued.
Brought forward   $ 54,998 71
Propoition headquarters vouchers         1,861 79
New Westminster Clothing Account         1,539 00
Colony Farm Account  325 00
$ 58,724 50
Summary of Profit and Loss Accounts.
Yearly
Per Capita
Cost.
Salaries   $ 21,389 22       $136,865
Expenses—
Office supplies   576 CO 3.685
Travelling expenses   75 60 .484
Fuel, water, light, and power          5,961 84 38.149
Maintenance and repairs         5,321 53 34.051
Furniture and fixtures         1,345 19 8.607
Provisions        13,237 52 84.704
Clothing        3,862 06 24,712
Medical and surgical supplies   262 78 1.6S2
Examinations, committals, and transportation  107 00 .684
Incidentals and unforeseen  _        6,576 59 42.082
$ 58,715 33       $375.70-5
Less Revenue Account (maintenance of patients)          6,125 15 39.193
Net cost to Government for maintenance of patients .... $ 52,590 18       $336,512
Remarks.
Total patients in residence, March 31st, 1925     160
Daily average population for year      156.28
Gross maintenance per capita cost, 1 year  $375.70
Gross maintenance per capita cost, 1 day        1.029
Net maintenance per capita cost, 1 year     336.51
Net maintenance per capita cost, 1 day  .922 R 50
Mental Hospitals.
1925
Revenue of Mental Hospitals since Inception.
1873  $1,440 99
1874  680 00
1875  1,342 60
1876  730 31
1877  799 91
1878  479 42
1879  867 38
1880  1,433 04
1881  614 99
1882  505 18
1883  298 24
1884  98 35
1885.	
1886  50 00
1887  720 59
1888  750 00
1889  220 00
1890  599 24
1891  761 15
1892  2,418 43
1893  1,585 40
1894  2,709 53
1895  4,409 23
1896 $3,741 71
1897       3,816 80
1898     4,003 79
1899     4,769 04
1900     6,893 33
1901   12,800 76
1902   10,926 23
1903   13,639 64
1904    15,004 22
1905   16,613 18
1906    19,0,58 42
1907   20,753 35
1908     25,807 83
1909  25,845 65
1910  26,137 38
1911 30,100 20
1912   35,151 97
1913  40,756 56
1914     42,731 83
1915, New West.  18,046 21
1915, Essondale.  16,329 72
1916, New West.  18,135 91
1916, Essondale. 21,889 74
1917, New West!
1917, Essondale.
1918, New West
1918, Essondale.
1919-20, N. West.
1919-20, Es'ndale
1919-20, Saanich
1920-21, N. West
1920-21, Es'ndale
1920-21, Saanich
1921-22, N. West.
1921-22, Es'ndale
1921-22, Saanich
1922-23, N. West
1922-23, Es'ndale
1922-23, Saanich
1923-24, N. West
1923-24, Es'ndale
1923-24, Saanich
1924-25, N. West
1924-25. Es'ndale
1924-25, Saanich
121,435 93
25,350 09
35,169 86
32,100 14
45,921 06
53,740 40
3,215 39
38,323 55
46,418 81
3,580 31
38,409 52
43,078 91
4,263 65
34,148 55
48,448 69
5,698 29
33,407 79
43,371 30
5,616 53
37,721 99
49,929 43
6,125 15
TAILOR'S REPORT, 1924-25.
Public Hospital for Insane.
Uniform suits and extra pants— -
39 uniform suits at $40  $ 1,560 00
35 uniform pants at $10 :  350 00
Stock clothing—
3 suits, special, at $22  $ 66 00
10 suits, stock, at $19  190 00
21 pairs stock pants at $6.50   136 50
6 coats, stock,  at $12,50   75 00
Stock, etc.—
28 canvas rugs, labour only, at $5.00  $ 140 00
9 bed-ticks, labour only, at 35 cents   3 15
4 overalls, material supplied, at $4.50   18 00
Repairs—
321 coats repaired and pressed at 50 cents  $ 160 50
79 vests repaired and pressed at 30 cents   23 70
662 pants repaired and pressed at 40 cents   264 80
GO canvas rugs repaired at $1   90 00
$ 1,910 00
467 50
161 15
539 00
$ 3,077 65
Mental Hospital, Essondale.
Uniform suits and extra pants—
109 uniform suits at $40  $ 4,360 00
1 uniform coat vest   30 0O
89 uniform pants at $10          890 00
 $ 5,280 OO
Carried forward  $ 5,2S0 00 15 Geo. 5 Tailor's Report. R 51
Mental Hospital, Essondale—Continued.
Brought forward $ 5,280 00
Patients' special orders—
307 suits  at $19   $ 5,833 00
4 suits, special, at $22   88 00
1 coat and vest  ,  12 50
2 pairs pants at $6.50   13 00
     5,946 50
Stock clothing—
21 patients' suits at $19  $    399 00
50 patients' suits, special, at $22      1,100 00
55 patients' pants, special, at $6.50          357 50
 1,856 50
Stock—
24 canvas rugs, labour only, at $5  $    120 00
14 chair-covers, labour only, at 25 cents   3 50
58 bed-ticks, labour only, at 35 cents  20 30
3 camisoles, labour only, at $1.25   3 75
6 chair-covers, material supplied, at $1.25   7 50
8 camisoles, material supplied, at $4   32 00
4 repair-bags at $1.75   7 00
        194 05
Repairs—
3,692 coats repaired and pressed at 50 cents  $ 1,846 OO
929 vests repaired and pressed at 30 cents         278 70
4,786 pants repaired and pressed at 40 cents  -      1,914 40
8 canvas blankets at $1    8 00
Mental Home, Saanich.
Uniform suits and extra pants—
16 uniform suits at $40 	
15 uniform pants at $10 	
Stock—
36 stock suits at $19 	
10 stock pants at $6.50	
Miscellaneous Work.
Pressing and alterations on patients' private clothing  $      87 50
'
$17,324 15
.$
640 OO
150 00
pc 700 on
$
684 00
65 00
$1,539 00
Statement of the Tailor-shop, 1924-25.
Production—
For Mental Hospital, Essondale—
Attendants' uniforms , $5,280 00
Patients' clothing     7,803 00
Miscellaneous         194 05
Repairs      4,047 10
 $17,324 15
Carried forward  $17,324 15 R 52 Mental Hospitals. 1925
Statement of the Tailor-shop, 1924-25—Continued.
Brought forward $17,324 15
Production—Continued.
For Public Hospital for Insane, New Westminster—
Attendants' uniforms  $1,010 00
Patients' clothing       467 50
Miscellaneous         161 15
Repairs         539 00
 3,077 65
For Mental Home, Saanich—
Attendants' uniforms   $  790 00
Patients' clothing      749 00
 1,539 00
Miscellaneous work  87 50
$22,028 30
Material on hand, March 31st, 1025      4,034 87
 $26,063 17
Costs—
Material on hand, March 31st, 1924  $ 7,185 05
Salaries—
Tailors  $3,920 00
Seamstresses       2,445 00
 0,365 00
Electric power  $    50 00
Electric light         30 00
 80 00
Material purchased, 1924-25      8,487 79
 22,117 84
Profit on operations  $ 3,945 33
SHOEMAKER'S REPORT, 1924-25.
Public Hospital for Insane.
New work—
71 pairs new boots  $    495 00
19 pairs news slippers   55 00
1 dozen key strops   2 00
 $     552 00
Repair-work—
410 pairs boots repaired         815 20
$ 1,367 20
Essondale.
Repair-work—
538 pairs boots repaired  $ 1,111 10
280 pairs slippers repaired         213 90
 •$ 1,325 00
Carried forward $   1,325 00 15 Geo. 5 Production Tables. R 53
Essondale—Continued.
Brought forivard  $   1,325 00
New work—
1 pair boots $      10 00
1 pair boots   4 00
1 pair boots   10 00
  24 00
$ 1,349 00
Statement of S holm aker-s hop, 1924-25.
Production—
New Westminster—
New  work   $   552 00
Repairs         815 20
e  $ 1,367 20
Essondale—
New work   : $    24 00
Repairs      1,325 00
      1,349 00
Material on hand, March 31st, 1925  .'         407 .58
 $ 3,123 78
Costs—
Salary of Shoemaker  $ 1,320 00
Material purchased         982 25
Light and power  35 00
Material on hand, March 31st, 1924          314 92
     2,652 17
Profit  on   operations    $    471 61
PRODUCTION TABLES.
Articles made for Essondale by New Westminster, 1924-25.
Aprons        191          Roller-towels    438
Cooks' caps          21          Dresses     14
Pillow-slips     1,098          Table-cloths     48
Sheets       1,613           Cuffs,  pairs    28
Repairs made at Public Hospital for Insane, 1924—25.
Aprons        773         . Shirts   5,643
Blankets       1,00S          Spreads    634
Blouses        203          Table-cloths    300
Chemises     1,574          Towels,  roller   332
Drawers, pairs     4,874          Towels, bath   108
Dresses       4,768          Ticks, bed   520
Hose, pairs     5,958          Vests, under   2,398
Socks, pairs 13,806          Pillow-ticks    ,  48
Skirts     1,807          Cooks' white coats   98
Pillow-slips        392           Sweaters   49
Sheets       1,605          Overalls, pairs   54 R 54
Mental Hospitals.
1925
Articles made at Public Hospital for Insane, 1924—25.
Aprons       300
Chemises 	
Curtains   	
Table-covers ....
Dresses   	
Handkerchiefs
Mats 	
Neckties   	
Table-napkins
332
146
134
318
336
31
328
60
Pillow-slips .-.  1,466
Sheets     2,385
Table-cloths    116
Roller-towels     544
Tea-towels  258
Tray-towels     122
Uniform-caps   121
Uniform-cuffs,  pairs     84
Work done by Male Patients at Public Hospital for Insane, 1924-25.
Days.
Auto-truck     349
Baker  1,060
Carpenter    1,747
Dining-room  3,864
Engineer    730
Fanner     4,551
Garden   2,506
Kitchen    2,527
Laboratory  362
Days.
Laundry     2,176
Painter     1,420
Mason     577
Plumber   301
Scullery   365
Shoemaker  455
Tailor   596
Ward-work-  5,460
Florist    182
Team-work done by' Patients at Essondale, 1924-25.
Days.
Excavating and grade  ,      234
General         442
Wood, coal and coke       362
Sand and
Rock 	
Roads 	
'ravel
Days.
195
77
22
Work done by Patients at Essondale, 1924—25.
Days.
Cement-work     340
Excavating and grading   3,300
Roads   1,102
General     3,147
Coal and coke   2,439
Water-mains   450
Clearing  370
Lawn    2,210
Rock  :  547
Crusher 	
Chores  	
Teaming   	
Tool-house   	
Stable   	
Drains and ditches
Steam-line	
Gravel and sand ....
Cordwood   	
Days.
81
973
527
360
490
711
111
549
158
Laundry-work done for Provincial Industrial School for Boys by Essondale.
3,120
988
936
40
1,040
520
9,100
1,260
4,524
2,496
4,160
8,320
13,500
aprons at 2 cents 	
blankets at 20 cents ....
bedspreads at 10 cents
curtains at 5 cents 	
  $ 62 40
  197 60
  93 60
  2 00
coats, white, at 10 cents   104 00
overalls at 15 cents   78 00
pillow-slips at 2 cents   182 00
pairs pants at 10 cents   126 00
shirts, S. and P., at 5 cents  216 20
shirts, khaki, at 5 cents   124 80
shirts, night, at 6 cents   249 60
sheets at 3 cents   249 60
socks at 2 cents   270 00
Carried forward  $1,955 80 15 Geo. 5
Supplies, New Westminster.
R 55
Laundry-work done for Provincial Industrial School for Boys
by Essondale—Continued.
Brought forward $1,955 80
10.720 towels at 2 cents   334 40
6,240 table-covers at 6 cents   374 40
1,258 table-napkins at 2 cents   25 16
7,020 combinations at 9 cents   631 80
Sundries    130 00
$3,451 56
SUPPLIES, NEW WESTMINSTER.
Garden Produce, 1924-25.
Rhubarb, lb  2,350
Green onions, lb  2,225
Lettuce, heads   488
Asparagus, bunches  ~  38
Cherries, lb  600
Strawberries, lb  638
Raspberries, lb  1,200
Currants, red   805
Gooseberries, lb  290
Carrots, lb  9,000
Beans,  green    980
Peas, green   500
Spinach, lb  5,200
Beets, lb  4,975
Potatoes, early, lb  8,300
Apples, lb 14,100
Parsley, bunches   25
Plums, lb.   906
Cucumbers, dozen   151
Corn, green, doz  315
Ripe tomatoes, lb  1,200
Green tomatoes, lb  1,800
Parsnips, lb  4,000
Pumpkin, lb  900
Pears, lb  950
SUPPLIES, SAANICH.
Farm and Garden Produce, Mental Home,  Colquitz,  1924-25.
Dairy Department (h Cows).
To cost of maintenance—
Feed  $1,340 42
Veterinary  fees        10 00
Cost of cow        105 00
Services           20 00
Profit         807 14
:,282 56
By Produce—
-   Milk,   52,446   lb $2,097 84
Veal, 217 lb         34 72
Heifer          150 00
$2,282 56
Piggery.
To  Maintenance   $   440 00
Profit        148 63
By Pork, 3,903 lb $   429 33
Increase         159 30
$   588 63
$   58S 63 R
56
Mental
Hospitals.
1925
To
To
To
Farm and Garden
Maintenance 	
Produce, Mentai
Pot
  $   383 20
Home,
iltry.
By
bbits.
By
and F
By
Colquitz. 1924-25—Continued.
Eggs, 899 doz. at 35 cents 	
■ $
$
•
314 15
Profit  	
       207 19
Fowls, 392 doz. at 30 cents
Ducks, 241 doz. at 30 cents
Turkeys, S9 doz. at 30 cents..
Geese, 213 doz. at 28 cents
Meal, 2S9 lb	
ield Produce.
Artichokes, 540 lb	
117 60
Maintenance	
Profit  	
Seeds, miscellaneous
Seeds, oats 	
72 30
26 70
59 64
$   590 39
590 39
Ra
  $    49 40
        37 30
-$
$
86 70
$    86 70
86 70
Fruit, Vegetables,
 $     52 50
        12 00
-$
43 20
Apples, 1,475 lb	
Apples, crab, 180 lb	
Pears, 760 lb	
36 87
Seeds, wheat 	
Fertilizer and manure ...
        15 00
       139 75
3 60
22 80
Sprays  	
          8 00
Plums, 50 lb	
Beans, broad, 150 lb	
Beans, dwarf, 319 lb. 	
Beets, 2,500 lb	
Citrons, 65 lb	
Celerv, 115 heads 	
Cucumbers, 516 	
1 50
Profit  	
    1,475 51
10 50
0
22 33
50 CO
3 25
5 75
20 04
Cauliflower, 55 heads 	
Cabbage, 1,362 lb	
8 25
40 86
Carrots, red, 7,340 lb	
146 80
Corn, sweet, 1,005 heads 	
20 10
Leeks, 216 lb	
Lettuce, 160 heads 	
Onions, green, 356 bunches
Onions, dry, 3,659 lb	
8 64
3 20
17 80
127 99
Pumpkins, 600 lb	
13 20
Peas, green, 220 lb	
11 00
Potatoes, 25,530 lb	
Parsnips, 1,745 lb	
Rhubarb, 2,599 lb .'...
Swiss chard, 360 lb	
319 13
36 30
77 97
7 20
Tomatoes, 831 lb  66 48
Turnips, white, 582 lb  11 64
Mangels,  16,090 lb  120 75
Carrots, white, 24.075 lb  180 56
Wheat-hay, 9,000 lb  135 00
Oat-hay, 7,000 lb  105 00
Raspberries, 4S9 lb  24 45
$1,702 76
$1,702 70 15 Geo. 5 Supplies, Saanich. R 57
Farm and Garden Produce, Mental Home, Colquitz, 1924-1925—Continued.
Summary.
To Profit-
Dairy  $   807 14
Piggery         148 63
Poultry          207 19
Rabbits          37 30
Garden and field     1,475 51
$2,675 77 R 58 Mental Hospitals. 192?
PART III—COLONY FARM.
FARM SUPERINTENDENT'S REPORT.
Essondale, B.C., April 1st, 1925.
Dr. H. C Steeves, B.A., M.D., CM.,
Medical Superintendent, Mental Hospitals.
Sir,—I have the honour to submit my report on the agricultural operations of the institution
for the fiscal year ended March 31st, 1925. Production in practically all sections exceeded that
of any previous year and the institution requirements in dairy and field produce were satisfied
in every case.
Crops.—Weather conditions during the growing season were normal. No exceptionally large
crops were harvested, although average yields were maintained, with the possible exceptions of
roots and silage. The potato-crop produced some 538 tons of really excellent quality. After
considerable experience we have confined ourselves to two varieties which we consider, from the
point of view of uniform size and care and economy in handling in the kitchens, superior for
institutional use. These varieties are Epicure for early use and Carman No. 1 for the main
crop. With a reasonable amount of care in the treatment of seed and spraying of the plant!,
these two varieties have proved exceptionally free from disease.
Onions—another crop raised solely for the use of the institutions—gave an excellent yield at
a very moderate cost.    They were harvested in perfect condition.
Root and silage crops suffered to some extent from midsummer drought and the yield per
acre was under average, with a consequent increase in cost of production. The clover and peas,
oats and vetches silage crops were normal but not large enough to compensate for the falling-off
in the corn-crop. As a result the cost of production of this crop exceeded that of last year by
$1.40 per ton.
Dairy and Herds.—The constantly increasing requirements of the institution were satisfied
throughout the year. The gross production was 1,047,511.7 lb. of milk, an increase over last
year of 101,155 lb. The quality was slightly better than that of previous years. We were able
to maintain a herd average of over 15,000 lb. of milk and slightly over 500 lb. of butter-fat per
cow for the year. The cost of production was a fraction of a cent per gallon more than in the
previous year. This was due to the enhanced cost of those feeds which we were unable to raise
on the farm and also to the fact that we carried during the year a number of aged cows for
breeding purposes, their milk yield not being more than sufficient to pay the cost of their
upkeep.
A source of some loss to the farm is our practice of slaughtering all animals that for any
reason become undesirable and not putting them on the market at a possible profit in their
inventory value.
The young bulls disposed of in the Province have been sold, in many cases, at less than
the cost of raising them. Nothing but stock from the very highest producers has been offered
in the hope that dairying interests in the Province would reap the benefit.
All inventories have been most carefully revised and) it is thought that the figures shown
represent the actual market value of the animals. In this connection, I am glad to report that
we have now reached the point where we are able to raise young stock at cost which does not
result in any appreciable loss on their transfer to the mature classes.
The herd now includes some 185 head, the largest the farm1 has ever maintained, and this
figure has been reached by natural increase from our own cows. The health of. the herd is
excellent. We continue free from tuberculosis and have suffered fewer casualties from any
cause than in any previous year.
Work-horses.—We continue to maintain the same high-class standard in our force of workhorses. It might be pointed out that half our horse strength is engaged exclusively in
development-work for the institutions. In all, 44,686 hours of horse-labour were performed
during the year at a gross cost of 36% cents per hour. The horse-labour was augmented to
some extent by the use of one small tractor when conditions were suitable. ;•--■'. ; , -.-•,-..•  15 Geo. 5 Colony Farm. • R 59
Sheep.—Circumstances prevented our extending this desirable section. It is hoped that
within the next few years we shall have sufficient new land Cleared to enable us to increase
the flock and make it more profitable.
Hogs.—This section, I am glad to report, continues to make a very satisfactory showing
and is more than justifying the considerable expense involved in its recent extension. The herd
is gaining in numbers to such a point that further equipment will soon be essential. At a most
reasonable cost, we have been able to supply the institutional demands in full for fresh and salt
pork and sausage and almost in full for ham and bacon. In spite of the low prices at which
these products were charged, the section shows a very substantial profit.
At this date we have on hand 194 hogs at the Essondale piggery and 151 at New Westminster
These are all pure-bred Yorkshires and the breeding stock is all registered. It is interesting to
note that for institution use we find it necessary to kill an" average of slightly above one hog of
220 lb. per day. Little or no attempt has been made to sell .breeding stock, all the energies of
the section being required to fill the needs of the institutions.
This section has not been extended, although it is not yet equal to meeting the demands
made on. it.   The year's operations show a small profit on a very moderate output.
Nursery and Truck-garden.—I still consider that too large a proportion of the available
labour in this section is devoted to supplying nursery stock to schools, etc., in the Province. I
am pleased, however, to report that this condition has been considerably improved since my last
report. Larger quantities of vegetables and fresh fruit were supplied to the institution and
cannery, of better quality and in more opportune season.
Cannery.—This section enjoyed a successful year and its output shows a very material
increase over the previous year. It unquestionably offers a satisfactory and economical method
of conserving all surplus fruits and perishable vegetables from- the garden and farm and
contributes naturally to the farm profits.
I wish to bring to your attention and to express my thanks for the unfailing loyalty and
support which I have received at the hands of all those engaged with me in this branch of your
institution.
AM of which is respectfully submitted.
P. H. Moore,
Farm Superintendent.
BURSAR'S REPORT.
Essondale, B.C., September 15th, 1925.
H. C. Steeves, Esq., B.A., M.D., CM..,
General Medical Superintendent of Mental Hospitals,
Essondale, B.C.
Sir,—In reviewing the balance-sheets and Profit and Loss Accounts of Colony Farm operations for the fiscal year ended March 31st, 1925, I am very pleased to bring to your attention
the handsome profit shown by the farm for the period under review, exclusive of patient-labour,
which amounted to $16,S94.S2, an increase of $1,112.32 in profit over the previous year.
In the examination of the balance-sheets and comparison with former year, it will be
noticed that there is a small increase in assets, such as Land Account, due to clearing operations
which increased the value and brought more acreage into cultivation ; also fencing and equipment.
Inventories of live stock under Assets Account shows a marked increase of some $10,216.79
in this accounting period, due to increased herd and hog departments, although carefully revised
and revalued to actual market values by the Farm Superintendent. Sundry produce and
nursery inventories are greatly reduced this year, in comparison to last, by the sum of $5,173.08,
most of which is accounted for in the amount and va.lue of feed on hand at March 31st.
Dairy and Herd Department.—This department of the farm showed a profit of $8,359.11 for
the year, on a production of 1,047,511.7 lb. of milk produced at a cost of 33.95 cents per gallon,
as compared with production and cost of last year of 940,356.7 lb. at 33% cents per gallon, an
increased production at a less rate per gallon.
Yearling Department (Cattle).—This department shows a loss of $816.27, about half of
which occurs through loss by death, and the other half, or, to be exact, $437.12, through loss R 60 Mental Hospitals. 1925
due to transfer of yearlings into Matured Cow Department. Last year, and in fact in all
previous years, a heavy loss has occurred through the transfer to Mature Cow Account, and this
year it is the lowest since the inception of the farm. In 1924 report it showed a loss of
$3,542.30 as compared with $437.12 shown in this accounting period, and it appears the farm
is now able to produce young stock for a reasonable figure of valuation, which must be gratifying
to Superintendent Moore, yourself, and others concerned.
Calves Department (Cattle).—An abstract of loss for this department shows calves vealed
responsible for $323.17, compared with $339.40 last year, and $324.98 loss through the sale of
calves distributed throughout the Province.
Work-horse and Labour Department.—In the Horse Department a small loss of $235 was
sustained, due to deaths and revaluation, but in the Horse-labour Department a good profit was
made of $6,047.22 at a cost of 36% cents per horse-hour. This cost was somewhat higher than
last report, which showed 31% cents per horse-hour.
Hog Department.—This department has again demonstrated that is a profit-maker, besides
being a very useful one to the farm and institution. Profits for the year total $5,422.29, as
compared with $3,300.01 last year. Sales were increased and inventories of live stock and
produce on hand at March 31st also increased.
Poultry Department.—The loss which has occurred in this department for some years past has
now been changed to a profit of $53.52 this year, and this branch of the farm is self-sustaining.
Inventory of birds remain about the same as last year, while expenses for the year were somewhat higher, a better market price was received for their fresh eggs, which are so necessary in
the sick wards of our institution.
Cannery Department.—This branch of our farm has again experienced a successful season,
showing a profit of $3,177.59, as compared with $5,380.49 last year. While our production was
somewhat higher, our expenses were also increased, and our inventories of produce on hand at
March 31st, 1925, were only about $150 higher than the corresponding date last year.
Truck-garden and Nursery.—This very necessary branch shows a substantial profit of
$8,892.71, as compared with $7,892.08 for last year. Trees and shrubs supplied to public institutions in the Province amounted' to 4,871.80 in the year under review, as compared to $7,039.75
supplied last year.
Field-crop Department.—Under this heading we have statements of production and expenditures of all field crops such as potatoes, oats, hay, ensilage,- onions, carrots, roots, pasturage, etc.
Potato-crop production was reduced from 1,339,330 lb. last year to 1,076,440 lb. in this report.
While expenses this year are reduced by $1,055.09, the yield per acre and the cost per ton figured
at $6.83, as compared with $7.00 last year.
Oat-crop:  The profit on this crop about doubled and everything else in proportion.
Hay-crop: Last year we had 108.52 acres in hay, whereas this year we had 56 acres. Our
profit was $1,267.66 this year, as compared with $776 last year; the yield per acre increased from
2.40 tons last year to 2.6S tons this year, and the cost per ton last year was $9 as compared
with $9.55 in this report.
All other crops had more or less profit and compared favourably with other years.
Shrinkage and rot, which last year was almost nil, shows a loss of $1,266 for the year under
review, due to silage, small potatoes, and hay.
General Expenses of Maintenance and Administration.—This heading, which includes all
maintenance vouchers and administration expenses, bears the repairs, painting, and upkeep of
buildings, and naturally is the heaviest account of the farm, has increased from $24,382.56 last
year to $25,989.14 for this year, which is practically the amount of the proportion of headquarters vote recently established. This vote is divided as follows: One-half of total cost to
Mental Hospital, Essondale; one-quarter to Public Hospital for Insane, New Westminster; one-
eighth to Mental Home, 'Saanich; and one-eighth to Colony Farm; and covers salaries of Medical
Superintendent, Bursar, and office staff and office supplies.
There was quite a reduction in the expenses last year over the year before, and owing to
very necessary repairs and painting omitted this year this heading will be obliged to bear some
extra expense in the coming current year to bring the farm up to the standard of efficiency in
appearance and general state of its buildings  as it  is the custom for us to maintain.
All of wThich is respectfully submitted.
Gowan Macgowan,
Bursar. 15 Geo. 5 Colony Farm. R 61
BALANCE-SHEET, COLONY FARM AND BRANCHES.
April 1st, 1924, to March 31st, 1925.
Assets.
Assets. Liabilities.
Land Account—
Colony Farm  $107,588 13
Wilson Annex       85,100 47
 $192,688 60
Buildings and plant      197,076 24
Water system        4,311 25
Bridge         7,571 89
Fencing, pavement, etc       58,223 78
Equipment        27,990 93
Live stock—
Bulls, as per inventory  $   2,500 00
Cows, as per inventory      32,810 00
Yearlings, as per inventory         7,632 38
Calves, as per inventory         2,467 43
Work-horses, as per inventory         7,530 00
Sheep, as per inventory         1,420 CO
Hogs, as per inventory        7,940 57
Poultry, as per inventory         1,574 70
 63,875 08
Sundry inventories—
Feed  $ 13,886 46
- Cannery         4,046 CO
Gasolene     24 20
Cream   22 51
Nursery and truck-garden        42.992 47
 60,971 64
Accounts receivable   868 75
Growing Crops Apportionment Account          7,590 35.
Liabilities.
Surplus Account   $789,636 45
Loss to March 31st, 1024   $ 47,577 76
Patient-labour Account      137,785 00
 185,362 7(5
  $604,273 69
Profit for year ended March 31st, 1925      16,894 82
$621,168 51 $621,168 51 R 62
Mental Hospitals.
1925
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Colony Farm.
R 63
DAIRY AND HERDS DEPARTMENT.
Pkofit and Loss Account, Maech 31st, 1925.-
Expenses.
Total expense for year   $35,067 02
March 31st, 1024, inventory  25 65
  $35,002 67
Production.
Dairy produce supplied  $ 43,027 46
Ice supplied   401 81
March 31st, 1925, inventory  22 51
 44,351 78
Profit for year  $   8,359 11
r»nirv  PRODUCTION AND CoSTS ACCOUNT, MakCH 31st, 1925. Production.
L>dlli Lb. Milk.
Salaries and upkeep  $   1,533 22
Fuel          1,119 58
Sundry  4 50
Test-cows—  5  2>657 30
Salaries and upkeep  $   3,814 23
Peed      10,679 83
Board of employees        1,675 00
General herd—  16,169 06
Salaries and upkeep  $   5,787 32
Horse-labour     452 00
Pasturage   478 32
Feed        9,510 42
Board of employees        1,839 00
 18,067 06
$ 36,893 42
Less allowance for manure  926 40
$35,967 02
March 31st, 1924, inventory  25 65
Total cost   $35,992 67   1,047,511.7
Milk Pboduction, March 31st, 1925.
1J104 Production.
Lb. Cost.
April   87,023.0 $ 3,022.33
May     103,680.8 2.825.40
June   06,009.6 2,254.49
July     98,434.7 2,633.52
August   91,906.8 2,186.66
September   82,111.5 2,702.16
October     78,578.8 2,539.65
November    69,284.5 3,151.84
December  77,087.5 3,589.40
1925.
January   82,398.2 3,853.84
February   82,225.8 3,436.41
March  96,960.6 3,369.51
Totals     1,047,511.7 $35,565.21
Average cost of production, pasteurizing, etc., 33.05 cents per gallon.
- R 64
Mental Hospitals.
1925
BULL DEPARTMENT.
Profit and Loss Account, March 31st, 1925.
Name of Animal.
Asset
Value.
Selling-
price.
Remarks.
1924.
$250 00
$ 74 80
250 00
1925.
March 31.  Colony Poscli Champion 8th	
value.
$250 00
$324 SO
250 00
Profit 	
$  74 80
MATURE COW DEPARTMENT.
Profit and Loss Account, March 31st, 1925.
Name of Animal.
Asset
Value.
Selling-
price.
Remarks.
1924
May
31.
Colony
Colony
July
3.
Colony
Aug.
20.
Colony
Sept.
30.
Colony
Oct.
31.
Colony
Nov.
12.
Colony
Nov.
20.
Colony
Dec.
22.
Colony
Colony
Dec.
31.
Colony
192E
Jan.
13.
Colony
Grebegga Valdessa ....
Poem  Pauline  	
L.P. Countess 	
Ena DeKol McKinley
Fayne Ormsby 	
Koba Segis 	
Sadie Canary 	
Maud   Colantha  	
Daisy Newman  	
Rag Newman  	
Aaggie Ormsby  	
Colony   Queenie   Newman   ....
Colony  Mabel Newman  	
Increase in inventory value
Loss
300 00
35 00
250 00
25 00
150 00
75 00
150 00
300 00
200 00
200 00
350 00
200 00
150 00
$2,385 00
1,248  10
$1,136 90
72 25
62 90
144 20
72
25
76
50
200
00
200
00
150 00
150 00
120 00
$1,248 10
Butchered.
Butchered.
Butchered.
Died.
Died.
Butchered.
Died.
Butchered.
Sold.
Sold.
Died.
Sold.
Sold.
Abstract of Loss.
Loss by deaths and butchered   $1,206 90
Loss on sales  50 00
$1,256 90
Profit on revaluation of herd         120 00
Net loss   $1,136 90 15 Geo. 5
Colony Farm.
R 65
YEARLING department.
Profit and Loss Account, March 31st, 1925.
Name of Animal.
Asset
Value.
Selling-
price.
Remarks.
1924
$   159  60
172 05
247 50
437 12
$200 00
Sold.
Died.
1925.
Died.
$1,016 27
200 00
$200 00
Loss 	
$   816 27
Abstract of Loss.
Loss by deaths  $419 55
Loss on transfer to mature classes     437 12
Profit on sale 	
$856 67
40 40
$816 27 R 68
Mental Hospitals.
1925
CALVES DEPARTMENT.
Profit and Loss Account, March 31st, 192
5.
Name  of Animal.
Asset
Value.
Selling-
price.
Remarks.
1924.
April    30.
June      30.
Aug.        7.
Sept.       4.
Oct.       22.
Nov.      18.
Nov.      27.
Dec.         3.
Dec.         4.
1925.
Jan.       15.
Jan.       22
Jan.       16
Feb.       19.
Feb.       19
Feb.         3.
Feb.      21.
March    2.
March 10.
March 24.
March 26.
March 12.
]
$      16 62
72  45
174  75
161  85
128 65
112 00
31 40
219 36
199 40
178 42
183 90
31  12
19 45
31  12
11  67
15 56
116 70
42 46
38 60
30 88
179 87
154 40
151  50
37 88
196 95
136 35
30 30
30 30
20 20
20 20
25 25
$      14 00
36 00
150 00
150 00
200 00
19 50
12  24
125 00
175 00
125 00
70 00
10 98
10 98
8 82
8 96
8 96
125 00
20 74
19  55
19 55
125 00
150 00
100 00
100 00
125 00
175 00
11 39
15 30
15 30
12 75
11  39
Vealed.
Vealed.
Sold.
Sold.
Sold.
Vealed.
Vealed.
Sold.
Sold.
Sold.
Sold.
Vealed.
Vealed.
Vealed.
Vealed.
Vealed.
Sold.
Vealed.
Vealed.
Vealed.
Sold.
Sold.
Sold.
Sold.
Sold.
Sold.
Vealed.
Vealed.
Vealed.
Vealed.
Vealed.
Colonv Koba McKinley 8th                          	
Colony Lord Aaggie McKinley 9th  	
Colony  Koba  McKinley  12th	
Colony Pieterje Pontiac 2nd	
Colonv  Koba McKinlev  15th  	
Colony Pieterje Pontiac 3rd 	
$2,799  56
2,151 41
$2,151  41
$   648  15
WORK-HORSE DEPARTMENT.
Sales and Deaths Account, March 31st, 1C
25.
Name of Animal.
Asset
Value.
Selling-
price.
Remarks.
1924.
April      3.
Buck       	
$ 25 00
75 00
75 00
30 00
80 00
$25 00
Sold.
Died.
Died.
Sold.
Dan   	
25 00
$285 00
50 00
$50 00
$235 00
• 15 Geo. 5 Colony Farm. R 67
Pbofit and Loss Account, March 31st, 1925.
Expenses.
Salaries and upkeep   $7,598 16
Board of employees     2,580 00
Feed        6,308 72
Sundries          40 50
 $ 16,527 38
Less credit for manure   231 '60
$16,295 78
Returns.
Horse-labour charged to crops and other departments at 50 cents per horse-hour      22,343 00
Profit   $ 6,047 22
Note.—Against outlay of $16,295.7S, 44,686 hours of horse-labour were performed at a cost
of 36% cents per horse-hour.
Hobse-labour Account, March 31st, 1925.
1924. Hours. Cost.
April    3,870% $ 1,422 71
May   4,046% 1.298 16
June  3,461% 1.073 31
July   3,968 1,178 14
August  4,102% 1,327 25
September     3,362 1,349 31
October  :  3,879% 1,289 59
November   3,444 1,349 16
December   3,326 1,400 97
1925.
January    3,377 1,438 24
February  3,916 1,411 30
March   ,  3,932% 1,989 24
44,686 $16,527 38
Credit for manure   231 00
Total   $16,295 78
SHEEP DEPARTMENT.
Pbofit and Loss Account, March 31st, 1925.
Receipts.
By sales—
Dividend, Canadian Co-operative Wool-growers   $      0 80
Wool sold        139 40
Pelts sold  2 62
Rams sold         125 00
Lamb and mutton supplied Hospital         167 50
Inventory, March 31st, 1925      1,420 00
 $   1,855 32
Carried forward   $   1,855 32 R 68 Mental Hospitals. 1925
SHEEP DEPARTMENT—Continued.
Profit and Loss Account, March 81st, 1925—Continued.
Brought forward   $  1,855 32
Expenses.
Vouchers  $    20 21
Feed       199 54
Pasturage       254 40
Ram purchased         75 00
Inventory, March 31st, 1924      1,375 CO
        1,924 15
Loss   $        68 83
HOG DEPARTMENT.
Profit and Loss Account, March 31st, 1925.
Receipts.
By sales—
Live hogs   $   301 10
Sundry sales of pork   41 07
Pork, bacon, etc., supplied New Westminster Hospital   1,610 44
Pork, bacon, etc., supplied Essondale Hospital  7,705 55
Manure supplied nursery  303 00
$9,961 10
Inventory, March 31st, 1925—
Essondale, hogs  $3,607 72
Essondale, bacon, etc     1,784 35
New Westminster, hogs     2,548 50
 7,940 57
 $ 17,901 73
Expenses.
Salaries and upkeep  $1,530 83
Feed      3,790 80
Fuel   :       110 00
Board of employees        360 00
Horse-labour        558 50
 $6,350 13
Hogs purchased  $1,306 52
Inventories, March 31st, 1924    4,822 79
    6,129 31
 12,479 44
Profit   $   5,422 29 15 Geo. 5 Colony Farm. R 69
POULTRY DEPARTMENT.
Profit and Loss Account, Mabch 31st, 1925.
Receipts.
8,516 dozen eggs supplied Essondale Hospital   $3,017 SO
3,368 lb. chicken supplied Essondale Hospital      1,018 30
Hatching-eggs supplied New Westminster Hospital   14 OO
 $  4,060 16
Inventory, March 31st, 1925        1.574 70
$   5,624 86
Expenses.
Vouchers and upkeep $1,080 00
Board of employees        240 00
Feed      2,327 69
Fuel           64 50
Horse-labour          336 50
  $4,048 69
Inventory, March 31st, 1924     1.522 65
       5,571 34
Profit   $       53 52
CANNERY.
Profit and Loss Account, March 31st, 1925.
Production.
Supplies to Essondale Hospital   $   6,395 00
Supplies to New Westminster Hospital  ,  1,501 00
Inventory, March 31st, 1925   4,046 00
$   11,942 00
Expenses.
Rental of capping-machine   $     54 65
Fuel   316 90
Sugar, spices, etc  1,207 49
Repairs to plant  146 20
Cans and pickle-kits   1,205 77
Salaries  770 00
Board of employees  165 00
Fruit and vegetables  974 90
Drayage, etc  32 00
$4,872 91
Inventory at March 31st, 1924    3,891 50
       8,764 41
Profit   $  3,177 59 R 70 Mental Hospitals. 1925
TRUCK-GARDEN  AND  NURSERY.
Pbofit and Loss Account, March 31st, 1925.
Receipts.
Produce sold  $ 9 00
Produce supplied Hospitals       10,839 42
Produce supplied cannery  924 85
Trees and shrubs supplied public institutions in the Province        4,871 80
$16,645 07
Inventory, March 31st, 1925      42,992 47
 $59,637 54
Expenses.
Salaries and vouchers   $   3,118 96
Board of employees  840 00
Horse-labour          2,251 50
Seed, fertilizer, etc       1,052 30
$   7,262 76
Inventory, March 31st, 1924       43,482 07
     50,744 83
Profit    $   8,892 71
CROP DEPARTMENT.
Potatoes—Profit and Loss Account, March 31st, 1925.
Production. i
Yield of crop, 1,076,440 lb  $ 13,883 76
Expenses.
Ploughing   $3S1 05
Seed     750 OO
Manure       315 50
Fertilizer        021 12
Cultivating      748 00
Spraying         70 45
Digging and hauling     7S2 25
       3,675 27
Profit   $10,208 49
Field No. 2, 8 acres; Field No. 5, 31.25 acres; total, 39.25 acres.    Yield per acre, 13.71 tons;
cost per ton, $6.83.
Oats—Profit and Loss Account, March 31st, 1925.
Production.
Yield of oats, 236,770 lb  $   3,314 78
Yield of straw, 2,500 bales         1,250 00
Carried forward   $   4,564 78 15 Geo. 5 Colony Farm. R 71
CROP DEPARTMENT—Continued.
Oats—Profit and Loss Account, March 31st, 1925—Continued.
Brought forward  $   4,564 78
Expenses.
Ploughing  $618 75
Seed   296 75
Seeding      153 75
Cultivating      648 75
Rolling      110 75
Sundries       233 75
Cutting      308 25
Baling straw       80 00
Hauling      464 50
 2,915 25
Profit    $   1,649 53
Field No. 7, 17.75 acres; Field No. 8, 21 acres; Wilson Ranch, 54.25 acres; total, 93 acres.
Yield per acre, 2,546 lb.; cost per ton, $14.60.
Hay—Profit and Loss Account, Mabch 31st, 1925.
Production.
Yield of hay, 300,000 lb  $   2,700 00
Yield of green feed, 12,330 lb  30 76
$   2,730 76
Expenses.
Seed   $440 10
Manure and hauling     504 00
Mowing and  rolling      237 00
Baling   =      56 OO
Hauling      226 OO
       1,463 10
Profit   $   1,267 66
Field No. 6, $22.50 acres; Field No. 8, 9.50 acres; Wilson Ranch, 24 acres; total, 56 acres.
Yield per acre, 2.08 tons; cost, per ton, $9.55.
Ensilage—Profit and Loss Account, Mabch 31st, 1925.
Production.
Yield of clover, 208,800 lb  $     522 00
Yield of peas, oats, and vetches, 262,230 lb  655 57
Yield of oats, 50,000 lb  125 00
Yield of green feed, 128,000 lb  307 50
Yield of corn, 370,000 lb  925 00
Carried forward   $  2,535 07 R 72 Mental Hospitals. 1925
CROP DEPARTMENT—Continued.
Ensilage—Profit and Loss Account, March 31st, 1925—Continued.
Brought forward   $   2,535 07
Expenses.
Ploughing   $561 70
Cultivating  :     499 75
Seed      303 20
Manure       785 00
Rolling          18 00
Mowing and hauling      512 50
 2,680 15
Loss   $    145 08
Field No. 2, corn, 17.25 acres; Field No. 8, clover, 9.50 acres; Wilson Ranch, corn, 4 acres;
Wilson Ranch, peas, oats, and1 vetches, 10 acres; Wilson Ranch, oats, 10 acres; Wilson Ranch,
clover, 8 acres; total, 59.75 acres.   Yield per acre, 8% tons; cost per ton, $5.28.
Onions—'Pbofit and Loss Account, March 31st, 1925.
Production.
Yield, 3,764 bundles green onions   $     188 20
Yield, 42,000 lb. onions   546 00
$     734 20
Expenses.
Ploughing   $13 50
Manure       67 50
Cultivating     13 50
Hauling        8 00
  102 50
Profit  $     631 70
Field No. 6, 1.50 acres.    Yield per acre, 14 tons; cost per ton, $4.88.
Carrots—Profit and Loss Account, March 31st, 1925.
Production.
Yield, 8,210 bundles young carrots   $     293 00
Yield, 200,000 lb. carrots   600 00
$     893 00
Expenses.
Ploughing     $42 00
Seeding      24 00
Manure     74 00
Cultivating      37 50
Hauling      75 00
  253 10
Profit   $     639 90
Field No. 2, 2.75 acres.   Yield per acre, 36.36 tons; cost per ton, $2.53. 15 Geo. 5 Colony Farm. R 73
CROP DEPABTMENT—Continued.
Roots—Profit and Loss Account, March 31st, 1925.
Production.
Yield, 590,000 lb  $   1,770 00
Expenses.
Ploughing    $204 75
Manuring       294 00
Fertilizer      339 49
Seed      107 25
Cultivating       269 75
Rolling         28 00
Hauling      210 50
       1,453 74
Profit   $     316 26
Field No. 8, 19 acres.   Yield per acre, 15.52 tons; cost per ton, $492.
PASTURAGE ACCOUNT.
Profit and Loss Account, March 31st, 1925.
Production.
By pasturage—
Cows  $ 478 32
Yearlings   96 48
Sheep   254 40
Horses     50 80
$     880 00
Expenses.
Manure    $64 00
Fertilizer        43 86
  107 86
Profit   :  $      772 14
Field No. 1, 21.50 acres; Field No. 3, 56 acres; Field No. 5, 20 acres; Wilson Ranch, 8 acres;
total, 105% acres.
SHRINKAGE   AND   ROT.
Profit and Loss Account, March 31st, 1925.
Loss.
.200,000 lb. silage  :  $ 520 00
Loss on small potatoes  500 00
30,000 lb. hay  246 00
Total   $   1,266 00 R 74 Mental Hospitals. 1925
TRACTOR ACCOUNT.
Profit and Loss Account, Maech 31st, 1925.
614 hours' work  :  $   1,228 00
Expenses.
Salaries and vouchers  $299 6S
Board       30 00
Gasolene       298 00
  627 68
Profit    $      COO 32
EXHIBITION EXPENSES.
Pbofit and Loss Account, March 31st, 1925.
Expenses.
Sundries  $       29 00
Travelling expenses, freight, etc  8,84 05
Loss   $     913 05
GENERAL  EXPENSES  OF  MAINTENANCE   AND  ADMINISTRATION.
Profit and Loss Account, March 31st, 1925.
Expenses.
Salaries  and  vouchers    $19,920 90
Fuel    712 51
Board   1,155 00
Dairy produce for employees   1,054 18
Horse-labour  :  988 00
Gasolene   223 OS
Sundries    73 75
Proportion of headquarters vote  :  1,861 82
Loss  ,  $25,989 14
MISCELLANEOUS   STATEMENTS,   INVENTORIES,   ETC.
Essondale Hospital—Produce supplied by Colony Fabm, Mabch 31st, 1925.
Dairy produce—
Milk, 528,196 lb  $ 23,76S 75
Butter, 2,773% lb       1,802 74
Cream,  1,424.70 lb j  427 39
Buttermilk, 1,475 lb  29 50
  $ 26,028 3S
Carried forward   $ 26,028 38 15 Geo. 5 Colony Farm. R 75
MISCELLANEOUS STATEMENTS, INVENTORIES, ETC.—Continued.
Essondale Hospital—Pboduce supplied by Colony Faem—Continued.
Brought forward   $ 26,028 3S
Meats—
Beef, 4,740 lb  $      402 90
Veal, 1,755 lb  256 41
Lamb, 850 lb  167 50      -
Pork, 15,574 lb        1,837 47
Liver, etc., 8,963 lb  S96 30
Sausage, 4,081 lb  S16 20
Ham and bacon, 10,0,57 lb       3,519 95
Lard, 3,006 lb  541 08
Brawn, 488 lb :  73 20
Laundry fat, 305 lb  21 35
 8,532 36
Poultry—
Eggs, 8,516 doz  $   3,017 86
Dressed poultry, 3,368 lb       1,018 30
 4,036 16
Vegetables—
Potatoes, 487,610 lb  $10,738 45
Onions, 24,525 lb  351 78
Carrots, 18,500 lb  56 25
Fruit, vegetables, etc >      10,707 41
 21,853 89
Canned goods—
4,264 No. 10 cans fruit   $   4,264 00
125 No. 10 cans jam   187 50
45 No. 2 cans jam   13 50
lj430 No. 10 cans vegetables       1,430 00
330 No. 2 cans vegetables   66 00
4,340 lbs. pickles   434 00
       6,395 00
Sundries—
Horse-labour     $   7,993 00
Trees,  shrubs, etc  514 00
Ice, 18,775 lb ,  140 81
Sundries    220 92
       8,86S 73
Total $75,714 52
New Westminsteb Hospital—Pboduce supplied by Colony Faem, Mabch 31st, 1925.
Dairy produce—
Milk, 219,215 lb  $   9,864 16
Cream, 1,491.75 lb  447 49
Butter, 42 lb  27 30
Buttermilk, 820 lb •  16 40
 $ 10,355 35
Meats— ^
Pork,  10,367 lb  $   1,210 44
Bacon and Ham, 1,160 lb  400 00
 1,610 44
Carried forward  $ 11,965 79 R 76                                                Mental Hospitals.                                                1925
MISCELLANEOUS STATEMENTS, INVENTORIES, ETC.—Continued.
New Westminster Hospital—Produce supplied by Colony Farm, March 31st, 1925—Continued.
Brought forward   $ 11,965 79
Vegetables—■
Potatoes, 382,100 lb          $ 4,946 25
Carrots, 39,560 lb                                                                          121 35
Onions, 12,500 lb                                                                    188 60
Fruit, etc          496 72
Canned goods—
808 No. 10 cans fruit   $     808 00
66 No. 10 cans jam                              99 00
516 No. 10 cans vegetables           516 00
780 lb. pickles             78 00
Miscellaneous—
Horse-labour   $  2,147 50
Ice, 31,200 lb          234 00
Sundries            303 31
Total                                  $ 21,904 52
Accounts beceivable, Mabch 31st, 1925.
Sundry accounts receivable for live stock, etc., sold   $     868 75
Remittances to Teeasuby, Mabch 31st, 1925.
Sundry remittances to Treasury during the fiscal year 1924-25 in payment of livestock and produce sales       $   4,706 25
Trees, Shrubs, and Plants supplied to Pbovincial Institutions and Schools,
March 31st, 1025.
Penticton School Board                    $      156 70
Armstrong School Board              212 20
Salmon Arm School Board           266 60
Salmon Arm District School Board                       75 20
Surrey School Board                                        136 00
Burnaby School Board                                                    416 10
Point Grey School Board           252 00
Coquitlam School Board            3S 50
North Vancouver District School Board             82 00
North Vancouver School Board                                                   129 00
Crawford Bay School Board           105 00
Cumberland School Board                         56 00
South Vancouver School Board  ,          295 00
New Westminster School Board           161 00
Nanaimo  School Board                       86 40
Victoria School Board                           123 00
Summerland School Board            44 70
Home for Incurables               22 00
Carried forward  .-.           $   2,784 40 15 Geo. 5
Colony Farm.
R 77
MISCELLANEOUS STATEMENTS, INVENTORIES, ETC.—Continued.
Teees, Shrubs, and Plants supplied to Provincial Institutions and Schools—Continued.
Brought  forward  $ 2,784 40
Industrial School for Boys  906 90
Industrial School for Girls   48 00
Oakalla Prison Farm   208 00
Tranquille Sanatorium   212 50
$ 4,159 80
Equipment Inventory, Mabch 31st, 1925.
Dairy equipment   $ 2,902 50
Horse and cattle barns   1,934 00
Farm implements   7,873 00
Pumping and Clearing Departments  :  8,999 00
Fire equipment   1,556 50
Carpenter and blacksmith shops   1,035 75
Cannery equipment  ,  1,800 00
Nursery and poultry .....;.... 1,085 40
Hogs   804 78
Total  $ 27,990 93
Inventory of Cows  (Holstein-Friesian), March 31st, 1925.
Reg. No. Name.
26314   Colony Beulah DeKol Korndyke, 12 years and 4 months old   $ 75 00
26320   Colony DeKol Queenie Rag, 12 years old   100 00
82361   Colony Georgie Korndyke, 10 years and 6 months old   150 00
31842    Deirdre Douglass Segis, 11 years and 2 months old  50O 00
36012    Colony Poetess Korndyke 2nd, 10 years and 2 months old  250 00
38771 Colony Poetess Segis, 9 years and 7 months old  200 00
38776    Colony Beets Newman, 9 years and 10 months old   300 00
36919   Colony Vrouka Segis, 10 years and 1 month old '.  300 00
37289    Effle Cornucopia DeKol, 10 years and 2 months old  150 00
38767    Colony Kornd'yke Bella, 9 years and 4 months old  400 00
41645    Colony Butter Lass, 10 years and 3 months old  250 00
41642   Colony Ianthe Newman, 9 years and 2 months old  400 00
41653   Colony Minnie Segis, 9 years and 2 months old  75 00
216921   Lulu Posch 3rd, 13 years and 3 months old  400 00
50284   Colony Korndyke Newman, 8 years and 5 months old   500 00
42888    Colony Canary Butter Girl, 8 years and 11 months old   150 00
76901    Wimple Netherland Westport, 12 years and 5 months old  300p 00
52831   Colony Bessie McKinley, 7 years and 7 months old .'  250 00
52829   Colony Faforit Segis, 7 years and 9 months old  75 00
52828   Colony McKinley Beulah, 7 years and 8 months old  '.. 600 00
44320   Segis Elsie Posch, 9 years old  150 00
25833    Madame Bessie Posch, 10 years and 9 months old   300 00
38772 Colony Clothilde DeKol, 9 years and 4 months old   100 00
50286   .Colony Maud McKinley, 8 years and 3 months old   60 00
50292    Colony Canary McKinley, 8 years and 2 months old   750 00
50289    Colony Wayne McKinley, 8 years and 9 months old   750 00
52833   Colony Beulah McKinley, 7 years and 7 months old   600 00
54084   Colony Grebegga DeKol, 7 years and 9 months old  1  450 00
Carried forward  ....:  $ 8,585 00 R 78
Mental Hospitals.
192E
MISCELLANEOUS STATEMENTS, INVENTORIES, ETC.—Continued.
Inventory of Cows  (Holstein-Friesian), March 31st, 1925— Continued.
Brought forward  $ 8,585 00
Reg. No. Name.
52834 Colony Daisy McKinley, 7 years and 6 months old  450 00
56864 Colony Ena McKinley, 7 years and 1 month old   500 00
60944 Colony Maud Newman, 6 years and 10 months old   350 00
62389 Colony Ianthe McKinley, 6 years and 5 months old  500 00
67855 Colony Faforit Newman, 6 years and 2 months old   400 00
71114 Colony Sena Ormsby, 5 years and 8 months old  200 00
7:4111 Beaverland Lady Lauline, 7 years and 1 month old   400 00
38040 Thorndale Elsie Wayne, 10 years and 1 month old   250 00
59662 S.C.P. Fayne Calamity, 7 years and 4 months old   400 00
59277 S.G.M. Ella Mechthilde, 7 years and 0 months old  500 00
63024 Colony Vale Korndyke Newman, 0 years and 5 months old  100 00
67850 Colony Clothilde Newman, 6 years and 4 months old   350 00
67856 Colony Cora McKinley, 6 years and 4 months old   200 00
67851 Colony Lakeside Newman, 6 years and 3 months old   100 00
67853 Colony A'rouka Newman, 6 years and 1 month old  200 00
71115 Colony Morag Ormsby, 5 years and 11 months old  150 00
79850 Colony Fleta Newman, 5 years and 8 months old   100 00
71111 Colony Marie Newman, 5 years and 8 months old   100 00
79844 Colony Cyclone Ormsby, 5 years and 8 months old   350 00
75673 Colony Jannek Ormsby, 5 years and 3 months old  600 00
89595 Colony Zarilda Ormsby, 5 years and 2 months old  500 00
89511 Colony Faforit Ormsby, 5 years and 1 month old   200 CO
89513 Colony Jamima Newman, 4 years and 11 months old   75 00
89594 Colony Vrouka Segis Newman, 4 years and 11 months old  200 00
86417 Colony Tonsen Newman, 4 years and 7 months old   200 00
81218 Beaverland Pietje Pauline, 5 years and 7 months old   200 00
74119 Beaverland Pretty Lady, 5 years and 11 months old  200 00
74108 Beaverland Grace Posch, 5 years and 10 months old   400 00
74199 Beaverland Canary Pauline, 5 years and 7 months old   200 00
80(549 Beaverland Julia Pauline, 5 years and 1 month old   350 00
89647 Beaverland Grace Pauline, 5 years old   250 00
75674 Colony M. Poetess McKinley, 5 years and 2 months old  350 00
80508 Colony P. S. McKinley, 5 years and 9 months old  300 00
80510 Colony Beets Perfection, 4 years and 10 months old   600 00
80596 Colony Wayne Perfection, 4 years and 10 months old  1,000 CO
86419 Colony Alma Korndyke Newman, 4 years and 8 months old   350 00
80416 Colony Grebegga Pauline, 4 years and 6 months old  450 00
86415 Colony Victoria Pauline, 4 years and 6 months old   400 00
86420 Colony Morag McKinley, 4 years and 5 months old   500 00
86418 Colony Lady Pauline, 4 years and 4 months old  250 00
92132 Colony 'Clare McKinley, 4 years and 2 months old   350 00
92135 Colony Wimple McKinley, 4 years old   300 00
92129 Colony Effie Pauline, 4 years old   350 00
92128 Colony Nellie Pauline, 4 years old  ,  50 00
92136 Colony Wayne Newman, 4 years old   425 00
92134 Colony Topsy Pauline, 4 years old   250 00
92133 Colony Schuiling Pauline, 3 years and 11 months old  450 00
92126 Colony Lass Pauline, 3 years and 11 months old ....,  400 00
95247 Colony Belle Newman, 3 years and 9 months old  .'  150 00
95254 Colony Clothilde Pauline, 3 years and 9 months old   300 00
Carried forward  $ 24,835 00 15 Geo. 5
Colony Farm.
R 79
MISCELLANEOUS STATEMENTS, INVENTORIES, ETC.—Continued.
Inventory of Cows (Holstein-Friesian), March 31st, 1925—Continued.
Brought forward   $ 24,835 00
Name.
Colony July Pauline, 3 years and 9 months old   300 00
Colony Georgie Pauline, 3 years and 6 mouths old  350 00
Colony Flood Countess, 3 years and 5 months old   250 00
Colony Contest Newman, 3 years and 5 months old   175 00
Colony Grace Countess, 3 years and 4 months old   200 00
Colony Pietje Countess, 3 years and 4 months old   300 00
Colony Fayne Pauline, 3 years and 4 months old   300 00
Colony Maud Countess, 3 years and 3 months old   100 00
Colony Vrouka Posch, 3 years and 1 month old   250 00
Colony Lulu Pauline, 3 years old  !  300 00
Colony Maud Pauline, 2 years and 11 months old   250 00
Colony Tensen Posch, 2 years and 10 months old   300 OO
Colony Aaggie Posch, 2 years and 10 months old   300 00
Colony Netherland Pauline, 2 years and 10 months old   300 00
Colony Ianthe Lauline, 2 years and 7 months old  400 00
Colony Wimple Koba, 2 years and 5 months old   500 00
Colony Faforit Koba, 2 years and 5 months old   300 00
Colony Netherland Segis Koba, 2 years and 4 months old   300 00
Colony Vrouka Segis Koba, 2 years and 3 months old  250 00
Colony Vale Korndyke Koba, 2 years and 3 months old   300 00
'Colony Aaggie Koba, 2 years and 3 months old   250 00
Colony Contest Aaggie, 2 years and 3 months old   250 00
Colony Poetess Aaggie, 2 years and 2 months old   100 00
Colony Marie Koba, 2 years and 2 mouths old   300 00
Springbrook Ross Countess, 2 years and 1 month old  250 00
Colony Korndyke Koba, 2 years old   200 00
Colony Zarilda Pauline, 2 years old  300 00
Colony Maud Koba, 2 years old  200 00
Colony Effle Posch, 1 year and 11 months old   200 00
Colony Calamity Koba, 1 year and 10 months old  200 00
Total   $32,810 00
Reg. No.
95253
95245
95250
95248
95251
95252
95257
98959
98957
102057
102054
102053
102052
102050
105242
105238
105240
105239
109739
109737
109736
109740
109741
109742
109744
112975
112974
112976
112973
112077
128613
Colony
128608
Colony
128609
Colony
128610
Colony
128611
Colony
128615
Colony
128612
Colony
133795
Colony
133791
Colony
133796
Colony
133797
Colony
133799
Colony
62795
Colony
62796
Colony
133SC0
Colony
62793
Colony
Colony
Inventoey of Calves (Holstein-Feiesian), March 31st, 1925.
Daisy Abbekerk, 8% months old.
Fayne Calamity Koba, 8% months old.
Maud McKinley Koba, 8 months old.
Butter Girl Koba, 7% months old.
Princess Koba, 7% months old.
P. S. Burke, 6V4 months old.
Tensen Posch Koba, 5% months old.
Alma Korndyke Koba, 5 months old.
Ianthe P. Abbekerk, 4% months old.
Julip Koba, 4 months old.
Grace Pauline Koba, 3% months old.
Netherland Segis Burke, 3% months old.
Koba McKinley 25th, 3 months old.
Koba McKinley 26th, 3 months old.
Aaggie Burke, 2% months old.
Prince Champion Korndyke, 2% months old.
Prince Champion Pride, 2% months old. MISCELLANEOUS STATEMENTS, INVENTORIES, ETC.—Continued.
Inventory of Calves (Holstein-Friesian), March 31st, 1925—Continued.
Reg. No. Name.
133798 Colony Vrouka Newman Koba, 2 months old.
133792 Colony Grebegga Koba, 2 months old.
133793 Colony Grace Posch Koba, 2 months old.
  Colony Pietertje Pontiac Sth, 1% months old.
133794 Colony Wayne Newman Koba, 1% months old.
  Colony Prince Champion McKinley, 1% months old.
  Colony Koba McKinley 28th, 3 weeks old.
     Colony Wimple K. Abbekerk, 3 weeks old.
     Colony Prince Champion Aaggie, 3 weeks old.
     Colony Contest Canary, 1 week old.
     Colony Lass P. Koba, 1 week old.'
    Colony Koba McKinley 27th, 1% months old.
.     Value of calf herd at cost of raising, $2,467.43.
113983
Colony
113987
Colony
113986
Colony
113985
Colony
113988
Colony
113989
Colony
113984
Colony
118988
Colony
118979
Colony
118989
Colony
118859
Colony
118980
Colony
118981
Colony
118982
Colony
118983
Colony
118984
Colony
118978
Colony
118985
Colony
118986
Colony
1189S7
Colony
125236
Colony
125235
Colony
125233
Colony
125232
Colony
125231
Colony
125228
Colony
126473
Colony-
125229
Colony
125230
Colony
125223
Colony
126474
Colony
125227
Colony
125226
Colony
60748
Colony
60749
Colony
60576
Colony
125225
Colony
125224
Colony
Inventory of Young Cattle (Holstein-Fbiesian), Mabch 31st, 1925.
Madam Pauline, 1 year and 9 months old.
Ena DeKol Pauline, 1 year and 9 months old.
Sadie Aaggie (twin), 1 year and 8 months old.
Canary Aaggie (twin), 1 year and 8 months old.
Segis Aaggie, 1 year and 8 months old.
Tensen Pauline, 1 year and 7 months old.
Morag Koba, 1 year and 7 months old.
Clothilde Koba, 1 year and 6 months old.
Ianthe Johanna, 1 year and 6 months old.
Julia Koba, 1 year and 5 months old.
Dellah Koba, 1 year and 5 months old.
Grace Koba, 1 year and 5 months old.
Vrouka Koba, 1 year and 4 months old.
Vrouka DeKol Koba, 1 year and 4 months old.
Wayne Koba, 1 year and 3 months old.
DeKol Queenie Koba, 1 year and 3 months old.
Rooker Aaggie, 1 year and 3 months old.
Mabel Koba, 1 year and 3 months old.
Deirdre Koba (twin), 1 year and 3 months old.
Miranda Koba (twin), 1 year and 3 months old.
Ianthe Koba, 1 year and 3 months old.
Grace Abbekerk, 1 year and 2 months old.
Pietje Abbekerk, 1 year and 2 months old.
Faforit Newman Koba, 1 year and 1 month old.
Jannek Koba, 1 year old.
Sehuiling Abbekerk, 1 year old.
Lakeside Aaggie, 1 year old.
Beets Koba, 1 year old.
Segis Elsie Koba, 1 year old.
Lady Abbekerk, 1 year old.
Cyclone Koba, 11 % months old.
Poetess Korndyke Koba, 10% months old.
Effle Koba, 10% months old.
Johan Posch 7th, 10% months old.
Koba McKinley 17th, 10% months old.
Koba McKinley 18th, 10 months old.
Vrouka Abbekerk, 10 months old.
Lass Koba, 9% months old. 15 Geo. 5 Colony Farm. R 81
— ; Pi	
MISCELLANEOUS STATEMENTS, INVENTORIES, ETC—Continued.
Inventoby of Young Cattle (Holstein-Fiesian) , Mabch 31st, 1925—Continued.
Reg. No. Name.
128614    Colony Georgie Abbekerk, 8% months old.
128606 Colony Madam Koba (twin), 8% months old.
128607 Colony Bessie Koba (twin), 8% months old.
Value of yearling herd at cost of raising, $7,632.38.
i
Inventory of Heed Bulls  ( Holstein-Fbiesian ), Mabch 31st, 1925.
31520    Colony Koba McKinley, 8 years and 3 months old  $ 500 00
53787   Colony Posch Champion 5th, 3 years old  500 00
56199   Colony McKinley Posch, 2 years and 1 month old  500 00
57703   Colony Koba McKinley 10th, 1 year and 8 months old  500 00
(413108)  Hazelwood Segis Pontiac, 2 years and 1 month old   500 00
Total   $   2.500 00
Inventoby of Work-horses, March 31 st, 1925.
Farm—
Donald (roan gelding), 19 years old  $       50 00
Colony Pride (S'cotty), 12 years old   250 00
Billy (MeCallum), 9 years old   200 00
Forage Heroine (Shire mare), 16 years old  150 00
Colony Mintmaster, 7 years old   250 00
MeCallum (chestnut driver), 19 years old   75 00
Jerry 2nd (No. 6 brown gelding), 11 years old  200 00
Levi (express), 21 years old  50 00
Repertoire (pony), 23 years old   5 00
Kate (roan mare), 8 years old  275 00
Blossom (light roan mare), 8 years old  300 00
Colony Lady Pride (Clyde mare), 6 years old   350 00
Colony Lady Danure (Clyde mare), 6 years old   350 00
Flash Rosary (Clyde mare), 14 years old  250 00
Colony Begg Princess (Clyde mare), 5 years old   500 00
Colony Opal's Queen (Clyde mare), 5 years old   300 00
Colony Drumburle Prince (bay gelding), 5 years old   300 00
King (driver's colt), 5 years old   200 00
Frank (brown gelding), 8 years old   275 00
Charlie (brown gelding), 8 years old   275 00
Bob (Dunrobin Doris' colt), 4 years old   300 00
Lily (Blossom's filly), 3 years old  250 00
Dan (roan gelding), 7 years old  250 00
Colony Queen of the Ring, 1 year old  150 00
Hill Stable-
Barney (bay gelding), 9 years old  250 00
Jock (bay gelding), 9 years old  250 00
McTavish (chestnut), 10 years old   75 00
Jimmy 1st (bay gelding), 12 years old :  50 00
Nigger  (black gelding), 11 years old   250 00
Pete 2nd (black gelding, 11 years old )  250 00
Tommy (bay gelding), 13 years old  150 00
Prince (chestnut gelding), 10 years old .,  100 00
Carried forward  $  6,930 00
6 R 82                                                Mental Hospitals. 1925
 a	
MISCELLANEOUS STATEMENTS, INVENTORIES, ETC.—Continued.
Inventory of Work-hoeses, March 31st, 1925—Continued.
Brought forward   $ 6,930 00
City Institution—
Dick (bay gelding), 7 years old   225 00
'Colony Everlasting Favourite, 8 years old   300 00
Pete (brown gelding), 17 years old   75 00
9
Total   $ 7,530 00
Inventory of Sheep, March 31st, 1925.
Pure-bred and Oxford Down—
49 aged ewes at $20  $ 980 00
26 1-year-old shearling ewes at $15   390 00
5 1-year-old wethers at $10   50 00
Total   $ 1,420 00
Inventory of Poultry, March 31st, 1925.
290 Leghorn hens at $1   $ 290 00
318 Leghorn pullets at $1.50   477 00
48 Barred Rock hens at $1.25   60 OO
58 Barred Rock pullets at $1.50  •  87 00
40 Rhode Island Red hens at $1.25  50 00
60 Rhode Island Red pullets at $1.50   90 00
5 Barred Rock cockerels at $3   15 00
4 Rhode Island Red cockerels at $3  12 00
7 Leghorn cockerels at $3   21 00
38 capons (for killing) at $1.75   66 50
192 baby chicks (1 month) at 30 cents  57 60
130 baby chicks (2 weeks)  at 20 cents   26 00
127 baby chicks (4 days) at 20 cents  25 40
119 dozen eggs at 30 cents   35 70
Total   $ 1,313 20
Inventoby of Hogs, March 31st, 1925.
Essondale Piggery.
26 young pigs at $10   $   260 00
11 young pigs at $8          88 00
13 young pigs at $12        156 00
1 cull     2 00
3 feeder hogs,   90 lb. each,    270 lb.
3 „ 100       „ 300 „
4 „ 150        „ 600 „
2 „ 175        „ 350 „
2           „            180        „           360 „
5 „ 185 „ 925 „
17 „ 190 „ 3,230 „
24           „            200        „        4,800 „
10,835 lb. at 13% cents     1,462 72
Carried forward  $1,968 72 15 Geo. 5 Colony Farm. R 83
MISCELLANEOUS STATEMENTS, INVENTORIES, ETC.—Continued.
Inventory of Hogs, March 31st, 1925—Continued.
Essondale Piggery—Continued.
Brought forward  $1,968 72
Registered brood stock—
7 young pigs at $6   42 00
9 young pigs at $7  63 00
8 young pigs at $8   64 00
33 young pigs at $10   330 00
2 young boars at $25   50 00'
1 boar (Agassiz Daredevil)    50 00'
1 yearling boar  (Colony Perfection)     75 00
14 yearling sows at $35   490 00
6 sows at $50   300 00
1 sow (Agassiz Bestofall No. 1)   100 00
1 sow (No. 10)   75 00
Total, Essondale Piggery   $   3,607 72
New Westminster Piggery.
65 young pigs at $8   $   520 00
24 sows at $35   840 00
3 boars at $75, $10, $10   95 00
5 feeder hogs, 200 lb. each, 1,200 lb.
20 „ 180       „       3,600 „
33 „ 100        „        3,300 „
8,100 lb. at 13% cents   1,093 50
Total, New Westminster Piggery         2,548 50
6,156 22
Inventory of Feed on Hand, Essondale, March 31st, 1925.
Poultry—
1,100 lb. corn-meal   $ 27 83
•     1,000 lb. bran   14 SO
1,100 lb. shorts   19 03
1,200 lb. oat-chop   18 24
1,400 lb. whole oats   21 28
2,000 lb. wheat   60 00
600 lb. cracked corn   15 18
1,100 lb. beef-scrap  38 50
300 lb. grit     3 30
1,000 lb. oyster-shell    11 00
400 lb. chick scratch-feed   17 00
150 lb. chick starter (mash)  6 52
50 lb. charcoal   1 90
6 bales straw   3 42
1 case coal-oil  3 50
  $     261 50
Carried forward   $     261 50 R 84
Mental Hospitals.
1925
MISCELLANEOUS STATEMENTS, INVENTORIES, ETC.—Continued.
Inventory of Feed on Hand, Essondale, March 31st, 1925—Continued.
Brought forward   $     261 50
Piggery (sundry) —
3,100 lb. ham   $775 00
2,081 lb. bacon      728 35
90 lb. heads and shanks      18 00
Sausage-casings        50 00
10 loads manure        40 00
  1,611 35
Piggery (feed) —
7,000 lb. shorts   $140 00
60 bales straw       33 OO
  173 00
Total  $  2,045 85
Inventory of Feed, Mabch 31st, 1925.
130,930 lb. oats   $   1,995 23
46,910 lb. barley   1,108 58
96,835 lb. hay   819 42
177,930 lb.  silage  458 14
4,399 bales straw   2,390 37
8,410 lb. corn-meal   213 71
2,700 lb. soy-bean meal  82 35
14,000 lb. cotton-seed meal  427 CO
64,600 lb. carrots   193 80
84,300 lb. roots   252 83
81,900 lb. shorts   1,417 42
42,250 lb. oil-meal   1,181 04
78,730 lb. alfalfa     952 40
43,200 lb. beet-pulp   1,257 80
18,100 lb. onions  235 30
2,700 lb. wheat and flax   85 05
55,000 lb. bran  815 96
Total  $13,886 46
Inventoby of Cannery, Mabch 31st, 1925.
309 No. 10 cans strawberries   $     309 00
10 No. 10 cans loganberries   10 00
11 No. 10 cans red currants  11 00
220 No. 10 cans blackberries   229 00
27 No. 10 cans black-currant jam  27 00
52 No. 10 cans apples   52 00
359 No. 10 cans apple-pulp   359 00
294 No. 10 cans plums   294 OO
11 No. 10 cans logan and red-currant jam   11 00
9 No. 10 cans strawberry jam  9 00
21 No. 10 cans logan mixtures   21 00
20 No. 10 cans logan jam   20 00
540 No. 10 cans pears   540 00
98 No. 10 cans prunes   98 00
Carried forward   $  1,990 00 15 Geo. 5
Colony Farm.
R 85
MISCELLANEOUS STATEMENTS, INVENTORIES, ETC.—Continued.
Inventoby of Cannery, Mabch 31st, 1925—Continued.
Brought  forward    $   1,990 00
189 No. 10 cans crab-apples   189 00
52 No. 10 cans greengage plums   52 00
74 No. 10 cans pear-pulp   74 00
100 No. 10 cans tomatoes  100 00
272 No. 10 cans green-tomato jam   272 00
400 No. 10 cans pumpkins   400 00
58 No. 10 cans vegetable-marrow jam   5,8 00
261 No. 10 cans carrots   261 00
107 No. 10 cans peas   107 CO
22 No. 10 cans beans   22 00
224 No. 10 cans Swiss chard   224 00
2,700 No. 10 cans and tops at 11 cents  297 00
Total   $   4,046 00
Inventory of Nursery, March 31st, 1925.
Nursery stock—
Deciduous ornamental trees  $ 10,175 00
Shrubs and small  trees         6,960 90
Evergreen trees and shrubs        6,565 40
Deciduous young stock         1,301 82
Layers of trees and shrubs   106 60
Cuttings of trees and shrubs  216 50
Seedlings of trees and shrubs  552 55
Grafted   and   budded   stock  S75 40
Climbing plants   436 50
Herbaceous perennials        1,712 00
Evergreen layers    204 80
Reeds and grasses   355 00
 ■ $ 28,862 47
Orchard'—
Plums and prunes  — $     564 00
Cherries     240 00
Pears   522 00
Apples       2,603 CO
       4,019 00
Small fruits
Black currants   $   3,300 00
Red currants   648 00
Raspberries, blackberries, and loganberries          1,568 00
Strawberries           1,760 00
Gooseberries     456 00
 7,741 00
Vegetables in storage        1,913 00
Bees and bee supplies   457 00
Total   $42,992 47
VICTORIA,   B.C. :
Printed  by  Charles  F.   Banfield,   Printer  to   the King's  Most  Excellent  Majesty.
1925.

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