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RETURN To an Order of the House for a full Return of all papers and reports from any person or persons,… British Columbia. Legislative Assembly 1897

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 60 Vict. Quatsino and Cape Scott Colonization. 765
To an Order of the House for a full Return of all papers and reports from any person
or persons, and correspondence between any member of the Government and any
other member of the Government, and between any member of the Government
and any other person; also a detailed statement of money expended by the Government in connection with the Quatsino and Cape Scott colonization.
Provincial Secretary.
Provincial Secretary's Office,
loth March, 1897.
Hon. Col. James Baker.
Quatsino Sound, December 15th, 1894.
Sir,—As representative of the Nova Co-operative Society of Minneapolis, Minn., I hereby
ask your Honour to set aside part of the Peninsula terminating at Quatsino Narrows, including part of Townships 10, 11, 18 and 19, and part of the other shore opposite Limestone Island,
as a site for said colony, provided they conclude to settle on said land. All of said land is
timbered by spruce and hemlock except two small meadows opposite and below Limestone
I have recommended the colonists, in case they should settle on said land, to bring a small
saw-mill and a bark mill to utilise as much as possible of the timber while clearing the land.
In that case they would want a stream sufficiently strong for mill power. It is doubtful if the
creeks on the Peninsula is strong enough and permanent, so they would probably have to look
to one of the streams on the opposite shore, for instance, the one emptying into or near Kultus
Cove. All the land I have seen thus far is heavily timbered, but the soil seems to be good, but I
would not think of settling upon it if it was not for the advantage of a water front, and the
possible chance of manufacturing the timber into some useful article of trade while clearing the
land, as I consider the cost of clearing $100 an acre or more.
I have, etc.,
H. O. Bergh.
Provincial Secretary's Office,
Victoria, B. C, 27th December, 1894.
Dear Sir,—I am in receipt of your letter of the 15th instant, asking that Townships 10,
11, 18 and 19, near Quatsino Narrows, be reserved for the Nova (?) Co-operative Society of
Minneapolis. In reply I may state that the lands on the north of the Island are reserved for
colonies, but your letter is not sufficiently definite to warrant me in reserving it specially for
your colony. I must require further information as to the names and number of the colonists
before the land can be specially reserved.
Are you of the same colony as Mr. Nordstrom and the other company of Norwegians who
lately went to the north of the Island ? I cannot deal definitely in the matter of special
reserves of land unless the colonists sign an agreement appointing say one or two delegates to
deal directly with the Government on their behalf. In such case every endeavour will be made
to meet their wishes so far as it can be done legitimately. 766 Quatsino and Cape Scott Colonization. 1897
An appropriation has been placed upon the Estimates for a waggon road to Fort Rupert,
which will put the colonists in touch with a port of call.
I am, etc.,
James Baker,
Mr. H. 0. Bergh, Provincial Secretary.
Quatsino Sound.
Coal Harbour, B.C.,
Quatsino Sound, Dec. 15th,  1894.
To the Minister of Immigration,
.    Hon.  Col. James Baker,    Victoria, B. G.
Dear Sir.—We have not yet been able to find enough suitable land for our purpose;
the weather has been unfavourable for travelling; it will be hard to find a tract of land in a
body big enough for us all, so we have to spread out, which I suppose makes no difference to
the Government. Mr. Huson has done well and given us all the information he can. The
first and most necessary step to take is to get a road cut to Fort Rupert from the most favourable place on the bay. We can get cattle from that side easier than any other way. Our only
hope is to look to you for assistance in this measure.
Yours most respectfully,
Chris. Nordstrom.
Provincial Secretary's Office,
Victoria, B.C., 27th December,  1894.
Dear Sir,—I am in receipt of your letter of the 15th instant. You will probably be
already informed that an appropriation has been placed on the Estimates for a road to Fort
Rupert which will enable settlers on Rupert Arm and Quatsino Sound to be in touch with a
port of call.
As soon as your colony can give me definite information regarding the lands upon which
they propose to settle, I will do my best to comply with their request, provided it can be done
Yours faithfully,
James Baker,
Provincial Secretary.
Mr. Chris. Nordstrom, Coal, Harbour, Quatsino Sound.
Provincial Secretary's Office,
Victoria, B. O, 7th January, 1895.
Mr. C. F. Nordstrom, Coal Harbour, Quatsino Sound.
Dear Sir,—I have your letter of the 23rd ultimo, but I cannot send up an engineer to
lay out your lands until you give more definite information on several points :—
1st. You must mark on the accompaning map the sections of land you wish to be taken
up by the colony.
2nd. You must send me the names of the colonists and their written requests that they
are ready to accede to the terms of agreement with the Government as per enclosed draft
3rd.  The number of colonists must not be less than thirty.
4th. The colonists must each of them, in writing, depute you or someone else to act in
their behalf in negotiating with the Government.
So soon as I have this information I will at once send an engineer to lay off the lands.
The lands in the neighbourhood of Quatsino Sound and the Rupert Arms are already
reserved from occupation pending the settlement of your colony. Let me know also what
number of colonists are likely to come, and when they would arrive.
Yours, etc.,
James Baker,
Minister of Immigration. 60 Vict. Quatsino and Cape Scott Colonization. 767
Coal Harbour, Quatsino Sound,
January 18th, 1895.
Minister of Immigration, Hon. Col. James Baker,
Victoria B. C.
Dear Sir,—Yours of the 7th received. We cannot yet give a definite answer to your
1st. It has been impossible yet to travel round and look for land on account of bad
2nd. It is only ten of us here, but we was sent out to find a location for a colony, and
everything is depending on us, but we have no way of communicating with the outside
world as we been here two months and not received a letter yet. I know we have plenty
mail now some place. If we had a road to Fort Rupert it would be possible to send and
receive mail.    If we settle here, it will not be less than 100 people in our colony.
Yours, etc.,
Chris. Nordstrom.
Provincial Secretary's Office,
Victoria, B.C., 24th January,  1895.
Dear Sir,—Referring to the mail matter for the members of the Quatsino Settlement,
V.I., which was handed to you by Mr. John Jessop, and which you were so good as to forward
to Fort Rupert, I beg to acquaint you that this office is in receipt of a letter, dated the 18th
instant, written by Mr. Chris. Nordstrom intimating that the settlers had been two months
resident at Coal Harbour and had not received a letter.
In view of the difficulty of communication between Coal Harbour and Fort Rupert it is
considered advisable that the said mail matter be returned to Victoria for transmission to the
settlers by the S.S. " Mischief" or some other opportunity, via the West Coast, and I am to
request that you will be so obliging as to cause steps to be taken to this end. Thanking you
in anticipation. Faithfully yours,
A. Campbell Reddie,
Deputy Provincial Secretary.
T.  A.   Cairns,   Esq.,
Deputy  Postmaster.
Victoria,  B.C.,  25th January,  1895.
Dear Sir,— In reply to your communication of the 24th inst., in reference to mail matter
addressed to Fort Rupert, I beg to state that your letter has been referred to the Post Office
Inspector, who will make the necessary arrangements to have the letters mentioned delivered
at the proper place.
I shall endeavour to obtain a list of those who wish their mail to be forwarded to
Coal Harbour, aud in future have their letters delivered at that place.
Yours very truly,
T. A. Cairns,
A. Campbell Reddie, Esq., Deputy Postmaster.
Deputy Provincial  Secretary,   Victoria.
Victoria, B.C.,  1st February, 1895.
Dear Sir,—Referring to your letter of the 24th ultimo, addressed to Mr. Cairns, requesting that certain mail matter addressed to members of the Quatsino Settlement which had been
forwarded from Victoria to Alert Bay, be returned to be forwarded by steamer " Mischief " or
such other opportunity as offered, I beg to say that I have communicated with the Postmaster
at Alert Bay and requested him to return the mail matter in question by the earliest
opportunity. Yours truly,
W. H. Dorman,
A. Campbell Reddie, Esq., For P. 0. Inspector.
Deputy Provincial Secretary,   Victoria, B. C. 768
Quatsino and Cape Scott Colonization.
Per S S. " Mischief."
Provincial Secretary's Office,
Victoria, B. C, 6th February, 1895.
Sir,—Referring to your letter of the 18th of last month to the Minister of Immigration,
in which you state that no mail had reached the colony, I desire to aquaint you that on the
24th of January the matter was brought to the attention of the Post Office authorities, who
have promised to make necessary arrangements to have all letters, etc., addressed to members
of the Quatsino Settlement returned from Alert Bay by the earliest opportunity for transmission by the steamer " Mischief," or such other opportunity as may offer, to Coal Harbour.
By the bearer I forward to your address all mail matter received at this office.
Yours, etc.,
A. Campbell Reddie,
Deputy Provincial Secretary.
Mr. Chris. Nordstrom, Coal Harbour,
Quatsino Harbour, V. I.
Provincial Secretary's Office,
Victoria, B. C, 6th February, 1895.
Dear Sir,—I desire to acknowledge the receipt of and to thank you for your note
intirnaing that you had caused steps to be taken whereby the mail matter for the Quatsino
Settlement which was dispatched to Alert Bay, would be returned, for transmission to Coal
Harbour by steamer proceeding direct to that port.
Yours, etc.,
A. Campbell Reddie,
Deputy Provincial Secretary.
The Post Office Inspector, Victoria.
Quatsino Sound, March 13th, 1895.
The Hon. James Baker,
Minister of Immigration.
We, the undersigned, being desirous of forming ourselves into a colony for the purpose of
acquiring and occupying land in Quatsino Sound, do hereby appoint Mr. C. Nordstrom to act
as our representative in all matters regarding the formation of said colony.
And we agree to abide by any conditions he makes with the Government for the above
mentioned purpose.
H. O. Bergh,
B. C. Loken,
Eddyus Evanson,
J. Ingersol,
Hannah Nordstrom,
Alex. H. Finlaison,
H. P. Nordby,
G. T. Sanners,
Wm. Thompson,
Nelson McDonald,
Edward McDonald,
Julieus Udby,
C. F. Nordstrom,
Harold Stranwold,
W. Hunt,
H. R. Foote,
Louise Nordstrom,
Telesphore Labimiere,
Ole Akre,
T. 0. Sanners,
Charles J. McDonald,
James McDonald,
Charles McDonald. 60 Vict. Quatsino and Cape Scott Colonization. 769
Provincial Secretary's Office,
Victoria, B. C, 1st April, 1895.
Andrew Haslam, Esq., M. P., Nanaimo.
Dear Sir,—A large colony of Norwegians, probably two hundred or more, are being
settled near Quatsino Narrows on the north part of the Island, and they are very anxious to
have postal arragements made as soon as possible, so that they can get a regular mail.
It is important to make things go as smoothly as possible for them, as other Scandinavian
colonies are to be encouraged to settle in other portions of the Province, and they make the
best of immigrants.
[f you can push the Dominion authorities to grant them a mail I shall be much obliged.
Yours faithfully,
James Baker,
Minister of Immigration.
Nanaimo, B. C, April 4th, 1895.
Hon. Col. Baker.
Dear Sir,—In reference to yours re the mail service north on the West Coast, I will
be only too glad to do anything I can to make matters more convenient. I have been trying
to get a better service all along the coast, but the Government don't like paying out so much
when the income is so small. The mail runs now from Alberni to Uclulet. I can see it would
be much more advantageous were it running along the coast line, as the service would be
beneficial in other ways, for instance, in carrying freight and passengers.
There are a good many complaints from points along the coast. I have been trying to
get a mail to San Juan River; the C. P. N. Co. ask $30 per trip. I will have a talk with
Mr. Fletcher to see if some plan could be adopted whereby the whole could be served.
Yours truly,
A. Haslam.
Quatsino, June 9th, 1895.
Hon. James Baker, Minister of Immigration,
Victoria, B. C.
Sir,— I have the honour to submit the following report in connection with the settlement
of the Quatsino Sound Colony.
Having completed the survey of 35 lots, 30 of these being in the vicinity of Hecate Cove,
and the remainder on Limestone Island, which I think is sufficent for the present, I am now
engaged in surveying the outlines of a block on the south side of Quatsino Sound, and about
three miles south-west of the present settlement.
This work will only take about a week, and I will then be able to estimate as to the number
of settlers that can be located in this vicinity.    I will then start on the location of the road.
I began the surveys first, as several of the settlers wished to build at once, and of course
could not do so until they were properly located.
There are 15 claims taken up to the present time, and Nordstrom informs me that more
settlers will be up by the next steamer. Six of the present settlers have already built houses
on their claims, and the men I have employed on survey will start theirs during the time I
am engaged locating the road.
They all appear to be satisfied with their locations, and most of them have been content
with 80 acres. I think it is much better for them to take that amount of land, as, in my
opinion, it is quite sufficient for any settler in this densely wooded country, and possesses
the further advantage of forming a more united colony.
I have not had time, as yet, to fill in any of the Indentures, but will forward them to you
in the course of a couple of weeks.
I send you by this mail a rough plan, showing the manner in which the surveys have
been made ; the lots outlined in green are the ones that have been surveyed, and I have
followed the regular system of survey as already adopted in this District.
The present location is well adapted for a settlement, the soil being fairly good, and well
drained by numerous small creeks. I have, etc.,
H. Burnet, P. L. S.
L Provincial Secretary's Office,
Victoria, B.C., June 21st, 1895.
H. Burnet, Esq., P.L.S.,
Quatsino,   Vancouver  Island.
Sir,—I have the honour to acknowledge the receipt of your communication of the 9th
inst., reporting on the Scandinavian colony of Quatsino Sound. I am glad you are able to
render such good account of the progress of the colony, and I fully approve of the steps which
you have taken with regard to the survey and work upon the roads.
The land on the north-west corner of the Island is now vacant for settlement, and if any
of the friends of the Scandinavians now settled in Quatsino are possessed of sufficient means
and wish to take up land, that quarter is now open to them for settlement on similar terms.
I have, etc.,
James  Baker,
Provincial Secretary.
Quatsino, July 10th,  1895.
Hon. James Baker,
Minister of Immigration,   Victoria.
Sir,—I have the honour to forward you by this mail the indentures of fifteen of the
colonists ; there is about half a dozen more claims taken up, but as they lie outside the limits
of the present surveys I have simply located them and will complete the surveys later on.
I have been engaged on the construction of the road since July 2nd; previous to that I
spent a couple of weeks on the location and obtained a very good line. The distance across is
about nine miles, but the road will require to be extended about a mile further in order to
reach a suitable locality for the construction of a wharf. The road will pass through some
very good country and will open up an area of about fifteen thousand acres suitable for
I have between fifteen and twenty men employed, and at the present rate of progress will
reach Hardy Bay about the middle of September. There will be three bridges of between
60 and 70 feet in length each, and several smaller ones. I expect by the time we reach Hardy
Bay the present " grant" will be exhausted. The road will then be about ready for grading
and horses can be used to advantage.
In regard to each colonist being required to possess the sum of three hundred dollars in
cash there are only a few of them that have that amount at their disposal at present, but most
of them will have by the fall.
However, they have all declared before a witness that they have property valued at more
than that amount, and which can be easily converted in money if required which, I suppose, is
Kindly forward me some more of the indentures as my present supply is exhausted.
I have, etc.,
H. Burnet, P.L.S.
Provincial Secretary's Office,
Victoria, B. C, 29th July, 1895.
H. Burnet, Esq.,
Quatsino, Vancouver Island.
Sir,—I have the honour to acknowledge the receipt of your letter of the 10th instant,
together with fifteen Indentures signed by the colonists, and informing me that you expect to
have the road finished to Hardy Bay by the middle of September.
I am glad to hear that there is so much available land along the road, and it will be well
for you to survey the fifteen thousand acres you allude to, so that it may be available for settlement and occupation.
I send you some more of the Indentures.
I have, etc.,
James Baker,
Minister of Immigration. 60 Vict. Quatsino and Cape Scott Colonization. 771
Quatsino Sound,
Scandia Settlement, B. C, Aug. 31st, 1895.
To Minister of Immigration,
Hon. J. Baker,  Victoria, B. C.
Dear Sir,—As we have not had any mail for a long time, and no boat comes here any
more, and nothing more heard of any Post Office, so have we a few questions to ask :
Is there any prospects to get a Post Office ?
Is there any way to get a boat to call here sometimes, so we could get provisions sent up 1
If not, we don't see how we can live here.    Please let us know soon.
Respectfully yours,
Chris. Nordstrom.
Provincial Secretary's Office,
Victoria, B. C, Sept. 16th, 1895.
Dear Sir,—I am in receipt of your letter of August 31st, and I much regret the difficulty
you are labouring under with regard to mail facilities, but I trust that it is only a temporary
The waggon road which is being made from Coal Harbour to Hardy Bay, is intended to
put you in communication with the steamers which ply regularly on the east coast of the Island.
From a letter received from Mr. Burnet, who is in charge of the construction party which is
making the, road, 1 understood that it would be finished towards the end of September. I
should be obliged if you will put yourself in communication with him, and try and arrange some
means so that your letters and those of the Colony may be regularly forwarded to a point on
Hardy Bay, which would be in touch wdth the steamers.
Please be good enough to let me know as soon as possible what arrangement you can make
in this direction. I have already called the attention of the Post Office Inspector to the difficulties which you labour under, and no doubt they will be remedied.
Yours faithfully,
James Baker,
Minister of Immigration.
Christopher Nordstrom,  Esq.,
Quatsino Sound, Scandia Settlement, B. C.
Nanaimo, B. C, October 1st, 1895.
Hon. James Baker,
Provincial Secretary.
Dear Sir,—In reply to yours of the 28th September, I will gladly use any influence I
may have towards getting the subsidy for a mail to Quatsino Sound. You would materially
assist by letting me know some of the particulars of the settlement as to numbers, importance
and so on.
Yours truly,
A. Haslam.
Quatsino Sound, October 7th, 1895.
The Hon. Col. Baker,
Provincial Secretary.
Dear Sir,—Yours of September 30th received. Our mail I do not think we can arrange
to get via Hardy Bay, as there is no one living there to receive it. We would much prefer
having it sent by the west coast (for this winter any how), otherwise we will have no regular
steamer service until the route is self-supporting. Trusting you will be able to arrange the
matter in this way.
I remain, etc.,
Chris. Nordstrom. Quatsino, B. C, April 13th, 1896.
To the Hon. Col. Baker, Victoria, B. C.
Dear Sir,—We, the settlers of Quatsino, were assembled to-day in public meeting. A
motion was made, seconded, decided upon, and unanimously carried, that we hereby most
respectfully ask you to continue the road work up here this summer in order to get a passable
road from Coal Harbour to Hardy Bay.
Several of us are anxious to get in some cattle, which we can buy reasonably at the East
Coast, but the trail across is not passable even for cattle now, and to get stock in from the
west side is impossible so long as only the little steamer calls in here, which does not meet our
demands, also in several other respects.
As you are well aware that this road will open up an extensive area of good agricultural
land, besides helping the colony in its present need, we trust that you will grant above request
and favour us with an answer by the next mail.
I have, etc.,
Chris. Nordstrom, President.
S. K. Float, Secretary pro tern.
Provincial Secretary's Office,
Victoria, B. C, April 22nd, 1896.
Sir,—I am in receipt of your letter of the 13th instant with regard to the road to Hardy
An appropriation has been placed upon the Estimates for the purpose, and the road will
be proceeded with this spring.
I request to know what prospect there is of any more settlers coming in to make up the
required number for your colony, otherwise some other arrangements will have to be made
with regard to the title to the lands which you occupy.
I am, etc.,
James Baker,
Minister of Immigration.
C. Nordstrom, Esq., Quatsino.
Quatsino, B.C., June 24th, 1896.
Minister of Immigration,
Hon.  Col.   James Baker.
Sir,—Yours of April 22nd is duly received, when you request me to state what prospect
there is of any more settlers to come into Quatsino to make up the required number in the
Colony. To this question I cannot give any particular time, but am sure we will have more
than 30 before summer is over.
We are at present 21 members. You stated in your letter that the work was going to
commence on the Hardy Bay Road in the spring. Will there be any this summer ? We
cannot accomplish hardly anything without cattle, and the only way to bring cattle in here
will be from Hardy Bay, and our only hope lay in the completion of that road.
Suppose we should not be the full number before next fall, what arrangement will have
to be done regarding the title to our land we now occupy.
I am, etc.,
Chris. Nordstrom. 60 Vict. Quatsino and Cape Scott Colonization. 773
Victoria, B.C.,  July 10th,  1896.
Sir,—I have the honour to instruct you to proceed to Quatsino by the first steamer for
the purpose of superintending the completion of the construction of a rough waggon road
along the line of a trail, extending between Hardy Bay on the north-west coast of Vancouver
Island and Coal Harbour on the west arm of Quatsino, which was made last year by Mr.
Burnet, a copy of whose report I enclose for your information.
The sum of two thousand ($2,000) dollars has been appropriated for the service. I must
therefore caution you to bear in mind that your expenditure must come within that amount,
inclusive of your own pay and all other expenses.
You will employ the settlers upon lands in the neighbourhood to do the work, and they
will be paid at the rate of $2.00 per diem, for which purpose you will please fill out pay sheets
and get them receipted by each man so employed and send them to me. Your own pay will
be at the rate of $100.00 per month, and your actual travelling expenses will be defrayed by
the Government.
The enclosed specification is given as a guide to you, but you are at liberty to make such
alterations as the nature of the work may render advisable.
You are expected to carry out the work in an economical manner and, if possible, to complete the work this season.
I have, etc.,
W. S. Gore,
Deputy Commissioner of Lands and Works.
Wm. Hassard,   Esq.,
Victoria, B.C.
Road to Rupert Arm.
W. S. Gore, Esq.,
Deputy Commissioner of Lands and Works.
Sir,—I beg to report that in accordance with your instructions I proceeded by steamer
"Mischief" to Quatsino, to construct a rough waggon road from Hardy Bay to Coal Harbour,
employing on the work settlers on lands in that neighbourhood. We commenced work on
3rd last August, and cleared off fallen logs, grubbed or low cut all trees, stumps and roots,
graded down hillocks and side hills and filled hollows, so as to make a fairly passable road, 10
feet wide, for a distance, from Coal Harbour, of nearly four miles. Several changes have
been made from the existing trail in order to carry the road in a more direct line. Owing to
the thickly wooded country through which the road passes, and the uneven nature of the
road-bed, very slow progress can be made with this work. The timber used in bridge work,
etc., is chiefly hemlock, only one tree of red fir having been seen in that section. The covering generally is of split cedar plank 4 inches thick by 12 feet wide. Cribbed five short pieces
on side hills and around rock points. Laid 270 feet corduroy, 12 feet wide. Made 9 culverts
2' 6" by 1' 6" by 12 feet.
Built 1 bridge   9 feet by 4 feet by 12 feet.
n     10       .,       5       i.       12    ,,
„     18       „       4       „       12     „
M     12      ii      5      ii       12    ii
,i    12      ii      4      ,i      12    „
,i    30      „      3      „      12    „
ii     12      „      5      ,.      12    „
ii    15      M      5      „       12    „
n    60      n      8      ii       12    n      | Two bents across ravine to
u 15 ii 5 n 12 n j cut off elbow in road.
n 76 n 8 ii 12 n This bridge is built of hewed
timber, 2 bents, stringers 12" by 14", covering 12' wide of split cedar
plank 4" thick, a floor plank 16' long is laid every 12', so that a handrail may be put on if found necessary, ribbon pieces placed, and well tree-
I have, etc.,
William Hassard. 774 Quatsino and Cape Scott Colonization. 1897
Colonization Trail to Rupert Arm.
Hugh Burnet, C. E., Superintendent.
Victoria, B. C, December 7th, 1895.
W. S. Gore, Esq.,
Deputy Commissioner of Lands and Works, Victoria.
Sir,—Idiave the honour to submit the following Report in connection with the construction of the Colonization Road running from Coal Harbour, on the West Arm of Quatsino Sound,
to'Hardy^Bay, on the north-east coast of this Island, andalso on the Subdivision Surveys for
the Scandinavian colonists at Quatsino Sound.
The exploratory survey for the road was commenced on the 18th of June, and completed
on the 2nd July. Work was then started on construction at the Coal Harbour terminus, and
the location carried on at the same time. Work was continued from this point until July
25th, when, owing to the non-arrival of the steamer " Mischief" with supplies, we were
compelled to pack across to Hardy Bay and resume work from there. Two miles and a half
were then constructed, which will be passable for a waggon after the bridges are built and a
few obstructions removed. About two miles on the Coal Harbour side is in the same condition.
The remaining portion, five and a half miles, is little better than a pack-trail.
The height of land is reached four miles from Coal Harbour, and I estimate is between
three and four hundred feet above sea level, with a gradual descent each way. The road
crosses the Quatsino River in Section 2, Township 9, and remains on that side to Hardy Bay,
Only five bridges of any consequence will be required ; these will each be about 50 feet span.
Numerous small bridges, however, will be necessary, but, as the spans are all short, the cost of
construction will be about the same as the ordinary road-bed.
The length of the road from water to water is nine and one-quarter miles. It was found
necessary, however, to extend it three-quarters of a mile further along the west shore of Hardy
Bay, in order to reach good water and a suitable location for a wharf.
The road passes through a very good country most of the way, timbered principally with
hemlock, balsam, spruce, and cedar, with patches of heavy cedar in places.
The soil generally is a clay loam, and I estimate there are about fifteen thousand acres of
land suitable for settlement within a limit of three miles on each side of the road. The
country generally within these limits is rolling, with occasional small hills, well watered by
numerous small streams, and bounded on the west from Quatse Lake to Hardy Bay by a high
range of hills, broken by several small valleys.
A survey for a wharf was made at Hardy Bay, and a sufficient depth of water found
within one hundred feet of high water mark, with a good bottom for pile-driving. Soundings
were previously taken over the bar at the entrance to the harbour, and a depth of twenty feet
at extreme low tide was found, with a rapid increase in depth each way.
A survey was also made at Coal Harbour, and a sufficient depth of water found within
one hundred and|fifty feet of high water mark.
I have, etc.,
H. Burnet, P.L.S.
Provincial Secretary's Office,
Victoria, B.C., July 11th, 1896.
Sir,—I am in receipt of your letter of the 24th ultimo, and am glad to hear that there is
a prospect of more settlers joining the Quatsino Colony. If you can get the required number
of thirty before the close of the summer you can come under the favourable laws of colonization, which give you the land free; but if the required number cannot be made up you would
have to pay the Government price for agricultural land, which would be $5.00 an acre. I
trust, however, that you will succeed in getting together the required number.
The road to Hardy Bay should now be in progress.
I am, etc.,
James Baker,
Provincial Secretary.
Christopher Nordstrom, Esq., Quatsino. 60 Vict. Quatsino and Cape Scott Colonization. 775
Provincial Secretary's Office,
Victoria, B.C., 8th December, 1896.
Sir,—Mr. Turner has handed me your letter of November, asking whether the Colony at
Quatsino may be allowed to hold their lands under the arrangement made with me as Minister
of Immigration until the required number of thirty colonists has been obtained.
I would point out that you and your associates have already been given considerable latitude in this respect, but as you state there is a reasonable prospect of more colonists coming
into the settlement in a short time, I am willing to extend the term for six months from the
1st January next.
I am, etc.,
James Baker,
Minister of Immigration.
Mr.  Chris. Nordstrom, Quatsino.
Received, 11th January, 1897.
To the Hon. Col. James Baker.
Dear Sir,—We have in meeting assembled on the 28th of December, 1896, concluded to
write to you concerning our situation at present, hoping you will return a favourable answer.
We are all so far contented with the location, although as pioneers we have to endure many
kinds of hardships, as you surely know, therefore we think it would be nothing but right to
let us have the land free, the same as the rest of the colonies in the Province. It would
hardly be necessary to mention the fact that the land is so hard to clear, that people with
small means have all they can do to make a living and doing the required improvements,
without paying for the land; and of course all know that it takes the labouring class to go
into the forest to make homes and build up the country, as moneyed men will never do it.
There has been little report from Quatsino, so it may be thought lax, but we are not
ashamed to show anyone what has been done so far. Those who came first have good houses,
some built of timber, others of logs, valued at least from 150 to 250 dollars, and each one from
one to two acres slashed and partly cleared.
We have so far been unsuccessful in getting the required number of settlers, but have
had a few families join us during the past summer and fall, and have now 20. We have lately
received quite a number of letters enquiring about the Quatsino Colony, but as it is now
running to the end of time allow us to fill the number of 30, we are now afraid to advise
anybody to come and get free land, as long as the possibilities are that the Government will
charge for it. There are people here now who would not have come if they had thought they
would have to pay for the land.
We therefore earnestly pray that the time for filling the required number of colonists be
extended another year as we no doubt will have the required number by that time.
The colony at present number 43 people, of whom nine are children of school age. There
are heads of families here now who hesitate to take their families out here as long as the
present uncertainty lasts with regard to the colonists' lands, otherwise we would have enough
children of school age to form a school.
We have also in this meeting decided to start a fund for advertising the colony in the
Scandinavian newspapers, and appointed a man to attend to the correspondence and work for
the immigration to this place, in case we receive a favourable answer.
We suggest that the Government send up a trusted man to investigate matters concerning the colony, if that is thought necessary.
We like to get some definite answer so as to be able to go ahead without fear of the
future attitude of the Government towards the colony.
This in answer to your favour of , last summer, and your verbal communica
tion with the undersigned last spring.
Thanking you in the name of the Colony for past favours, and hoping to receive a favourable answer by return mail,
I remain, etc.,
H. Bergh,
Secretary pro. tern. 776 Quatsino and Cape Scott Colonization. 1897
Provincial Secretary's Office,
Victoria, B. C, 20th January, 1897.
Dear Sir,—In reply to your letter of no date and no address, received here on the 11th
instant, asking for an extension of time for the Norwegian Colony at Quatsino to make up the
required number of settlers to thirty, and stating that there is every probability of the number-
arriving in a short time, I have pleasure in extending the time for the completing of the Colony
to the 30th June next.
At the same time, I must point out to you the necessity of the requisite number of colonists
being forthcoming before any title can be given to the lands you hold.
Yours, etc.,
James Baker,
Provided Secretary.
H. 0. Bergh, Esq.,
Expenditure in Connection with Quatsino Colony.
Construction of road, Fort Rupert to Rupert Arm in 1895-6  (details shown on page
140 of the Public Accounts) $3,071.34
Continuation of construction of above road during the present fiscal year ; details as
follows :—
Pay lists of labourers $1,430.72
Superintendent's salary and expenses       467.76
Tools,  spikes, ifcc         38.02
Fares and freights         25.00
Petty expenses  6.00
Cost of Survey in Rupert District in 1895-6 (details shown on page  147 of
the Public Accounts)  2,097.74
Paid Str. " Mischief" trip with supplies for settlers  100.00
Paid for 50 copies of " Tacoma Tidende "  2.50
Total  $7,239.08
There has been no expenditure in connection with the Cape Scott Colony.
Victoria, B.C.,  May 6th,  1896.
To the Hon. James Baker,
Minister of Immigration,   Victoria,  B.C.:
Sir,—We, the undersigned intending settlers, who have been at Cape Scott looking for
land suitable to start a colony on, promise to form a colony of at least 75 settlers in townships
41, 42, 43 and 44 Rupert District, Vancouver Island, on the terms given page 76 "Official
Handbook of Information relating to the Dominion of Canada, January, 1896," provided the
Government will build :—
1. A road from Fisherman's Cove to Sea Otter Cove, with branches to Goose Harbour and
the mouth of San Josef River. The latter to be extended along same river to eastern line of
township 41.
2. A dyke at Goose Harbour to protect the lowlands in township 43 from the tidewater.
3. Two schools for the colony and provide teachers for same.
The work to be carried out this way :
The land to be opened for settlement when at least 15 settlere are ready to go and settle
on it, and at least 15 more have signed the agreement (each signature to be accompanied by a
$50 cheque. This money is to be used for transportation purposes and will be forfeited in
case the man do not settle until May 1st, 1897.) 60 Vict. Quatsino and Cape Scott Colonization. 777
1st year. If at least 30 bona fide settlers are on the land May 1st, 1897, then township
43 and the western row of sections in township 42 are to be leased to the colony. And work
is to be commenced on the road at Fisherman's Cove. At least six miles of road is to be built
during the summer of 1897 (supposed to be from 1 to 2 main road and to 3 branch road—see
2nd year. If there s at least 50 bona tide settlers May 1st, 1898, then township 44 and
the two western rows of sections in township 41 is to be leased to the colony. During the
summer of 1898 the road is to be finished to Sea Otter Cove and Goose Harbour, and the dyke
at Goose Harbour is to be built.
3rd year. If there is at least 65 settlers May 1st, 1899, then balance of township 41 is to
be leased to the colony. A school is to be erected and teacher provided, and the branch road
to the mouth of San Josef River built.
4th year. If there is at least 75 bona fide settlers May 1st, 1900, then balance of township
42 is to be leased to the colony, a school to be erected and teacher provided, and the road
along San Josef River completed.
The colony will develop the resources of the country, especially farming and fishing. The
farming will be what generally is termed " mixed farming." The fishing will be principally
deep sea fishing, halibut and cod.
We consider the fishing industry as the part that must carry the colony through the first
years until the farm can be able to produce and pay. It is with this in view that we intend
to start at Fishermen's Cove, which gives shelter for small fishing crafts and is near the fishing
We consider the marshy land in township 43 form the backbone of the colony and, therefore, it is we ask the Government to build the dyke for to protect the land, because we have
learned by experience and investigation that to start a colony in heavy timbered land, even
with the best of soil, is almost an impossibility.
We are well aware of the necessity of co-operation for the small farmer and intend, from
the start, to have a small steamer or steam schooner of our own to carry the colonists, their
goods and provisions into the country, and fish and farm products of the country to the market.
Very respectfully yours,
Y. Chr. Jensen.
Peter Thomsen.
R. Hansen.
Nels C. Nelson.
Provincial Secretary's Office,
Victoria, B. C, 6th May, 1896.
Messrs. Hansen, Jensen, and Others.
Gentlemen,—I have the honour to acknowledge the receipt of your letter of this date,
making application for you and other associates to come under the terms of settlement for
Colonies, provided by the Government (a copy of which is annexed to this letter), with a view
to taking up lands in Townships 41, 42, 43, 44 on the north of Vancouver Island, and stating
that the Colony purposes to develop the resources of the Island through fishing and agricultural
In reply I may state that the Government will agree to the following terms :—
1. If not less than 30 bona tide settlers are upon the lands as a Colony by the 1st of May,
1897, the Government will agree to build a road for six miles from Sea Otter Cove towards
Fisherman's Cove, and to employ the Colonists on wages to build it, but not more than an
average of $600 per mile shall be expended on the construction of the road.
2. If not less than seventy-five bona fide settlers are upon the land as a Colony by the 1st
of May, or on any date between the 1st of May 1897 and the 1st of May 1898, the Government will extend the road from Sea Otter Cove to a central point in the settlement, but not
more than an average of $600 per mile shall be expended on the construction of the road.
3. The land will be open for settlement when 15 settlers are ready to go on, but it must
be distinctly understood that unless the Colony reaches the number of thirty bona fide settlers
by the 1st of May, 1897, each settler will have to pay for his land according to the terms of
the Land Act. 778 Quatsino and Cape Scott Colonization. 1897
4. A bona fide settler shall mean a man in sound health over the age of 18 years, who
resides upon and improves his allotment of land and builds a house upon it.
5. Townships 41, 42, 43, 44, will be reserved for settlement by means of colonies.
I am, etc.,
James Baker,
Minister of Immigration.
Received, 20th July, 1896.
To the Hon. Col. J. Baker,
Minister of Immigration, Victoria, B. C.
Dear Sir,—We have now held a couple of meetings in Seattle and Tacoma and organised
a company for colonizing the land around Cape Scott. Mr. R. Hansen is elected president
and Rev. J. Jensen, of Unumclaw, Wash., secretary-treasurer. Enclosed please find in translation a copy of the rules we have adopted.
While we consider the forest land to be good, we would not dare to start a large colony
at Cape Scott if it was not for the open grass land in township 43, and we believe that we
should try to effect a division of the open land in small tracts in order to induce settlers to
come in. Another reason why we think it would be desirable to divide said land is, that it
will be of great importance to get a dyke built at Goose Harbour. All the open land is liable
to be overflowed at high water, and both the open land and the surrounding forest land needs
draining. If we could get the dyke built then it would be considerable drier. We believe
that if we all help each other the dyke could be built sooner than if a few have to do it. We
therefore respectfully ask you to inform us whether the Government would be willing to
divide the open grass land in township 43 in ten acre lots, of which each settler shall be
allowed to take one, provided he will agree to help build a dyke at Goose Harbour. We
submit the followiug plan for carrying out the work, but will gladly receive any suggestions
you may give.
If on the first of May, 1898, 30 of the ten-acre lots are taken up the work of dyking may
commence. If a claimant refuses to do his share towards building the dyke, then his claim
shall be forfeited.
All the unclaimed grass land shall be open for new settlers provided they pay the same
assessment as those who began the work. This to go to a fund for the maintenance of the
dyke in the future. Before building the dyke, propositions as to details are to be presented
to the Minister of Immigration for approval on above named principles.
Will you inform us whether a settler can take 80 acres to begin with, and then have his
right to 80 acres more reserved.
Further, if you should approve the division of the open grass land into ten-acre lots, how
many acres more a man taking one of those lots can take (80 or 120)?
If 15 settlers go to take up land about September 1st, will you send surveyors? Or if
the same number gets ready to start before December 1st, will you then send surveyors along
to the colony 1
We remain, etc.,
J. Jensen,
Box 58, Enumclaw, Wash., July 10th, 1896.
Provisional Rules for Danish Colony at Cape Scott, Vancouver Island, B.C.
The Minister of Immigration considers it most convenient for the colonists to form a company, elect a Board of Directors and enact laws. The Board of Directors shall act on behalf
of the Colony with the Government. The rules are submitted to the Minister of Immigration
for approval, and if sanctioned by him they will become as binding for the colonist as the laws
of the Province. If the Colony is realized the first meeting will be held about April 1, 1897,
when laws will be enacted and Board of Directors elected for the following year.
In order to further the work a provisional company is formed, Board of Directors elected
and the following rules are in force : 60 Vict. Quatsino and Cape Scott Colonization. 779
The Board of Directors sets the time for excursions, arranges all concerning these as convenient and cheap as possible ; treats with the Government about such, as in meantime may
occur and which can serve the welfare of the colony, and sees that a trustworthy man accompanies the land seekers. It shall also draft rules for the colony which shall be introduced at
the first meeting to be held of the settlers, about April 1, 1897.
Anyone wishing to see the land will let the Secretary know so and, at the same time,
send to him $1.00 which shall be used to pay for printing, postage, advertising, etc.
To avoid misunderstanding in regard to selection of land the following rules are in
force: —It is considered as self-evident that the men who have expended time and money in
seeing the land, shall be permitted to select their land first. Thereafter each one has the right
to select his land in the order his announcement of joining the colony was made to the Secretary, subject to the following :—That if one does not go along with the first excursion, then all
those behind him on the list, but present then, advances ahead of him and takes his place as
No. 1 at the next excursion. Unless the announcement to join the colony is accompanied by
$1.00, no regard will be paid to it.
A belt of timber along the coast should be reserved, now and in the future as far as the
colony goes, at least 20 rods wide.
Every one intending to go out and take up land shall, in a bank in Victoria or some other
city on the coast, or in manner which proves satisfactory to the Board of Directors, deposit
$50.00 to a fund, which shall be used for means of communication, a co-operative store, and
other enterprises for the growth and improvement of the colony. If a man does not take up
land, then he may draw his money out again, but nobody can get his claim recorded by the
Government if the $50.00 is not paid in. The money cannot be withdrawn before the colony
is approved by the Government and the depositor received a deed of his land. If a person
leaves the colony or fails to comply with the requirements of the Government, then he shall
not be entitled to his deposit. The money is considered as shares invested in the enterprises,
which shall, as far as possible, pay 5% on the capital invested. This rule shall be incorporated
in the rules for the colony, and cannot be altered or abolished before the required five years
have elapsed. We maintain this as a guarantee that the individual beginners shall not be
left in the cold by speculators.
Provincial Secretary's Office,
Victoria, B.C.,  20th July,  1896.
Mr. J. Jensen, Box 58,   Enumclaw,
Washington   Territory.
Sir,—I am in receipt of your letter of the 10th instant, in which you enclose rules drawn
up for the settlement of a Colony near Cape Scott, in the north of Vancouver Island, and
asking whether this Government would reserve certain lands in township 43 for the use of the
Colony on condition of the overflowed lands near Goose Harbour being divided into 10-acre
lots, and one lot to be granted free of charge to each colonist who worked upon a dyke at
Goose Harbour to its completion in order to reclaim the aforesaid lands, and further you ask
that the said land may be reserved for- dyking purposes as aforesaid until the 1st of May, 1898,
and that if fifteen colonists agree to settle, whether the Government would agree to grant
them lands.
In reply, I may state that unless the required number of thirty settlers are obtained the
Government cannot enter into any negotiations in the premises, and that the land cannot be
reserved for the settlement of the Colony longer than to the 1st May, 1897.
Should the required number of thirty settlers be obtained the Government will be willing
to plot out the land in 10-acre lots at Goose Harbour, and grant one lot to each settler who
works on the dyke to completion, provided that the said dyke is built to the satisfaction of the
Chief Commissioner of Lands and Works.
The Government will also be willing to grant to each settler 80 acres in township 43, in
addition to the 10 acres as a dyking lot, on his complying with the terms of the copy of
indenture already handed to the representatives of the Colony. The Government has no
objection to the rules laid down for the guidance of the Colony, which accompany your letter
of the 10th instant. I am, etc.,
James Baker,
Minister of Immigration. 780 Quatsino and Cape Scott Colonization. 1897
To the Honourable Chief Commissioner of Lands,
Victoria, B.C.:
We expect a party at least of 15 will leave Victoria March 10 for the Danish Colony at
Cape Scott. May we expect a surveyor to go with them as they can hardly do nothing before
the land is surveyed.
Hoping you will send me an answer on an early date and oblige,
Yours, etc.,
J. Jensen.
Box 59, Enumclaw, Wash.,
Feb. 5, 1897.
Victoria, B.C., Feb. 9th, 1897.
Sir,—1 have the honour to acknowledge the receipt of your letter of the 5th instant, re
Danish Colony at Cape Scott.
In reply, I am to inform you that the Government will be prepared to send a surveyor to
lay out lands for the colonists as early in the season as may be practicable after thirty bona
fide settlers have located at the place in question.
I have, etc.,
W. S. Gore,
Deputy Commissioner of L. and  W.
J. Jensen,
Box 58, Enumclaw,   Wash.
Printed by Hichard Wodficnden, Printer to the Queen's Most Excellent Majesty.


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