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TWENTY-SECOND ANNUAL REPORT OF THE PUBLIC SCHOOLS OF THE PROVINCE OF BRITISH COLUMBIA. 1892-93. BY THE… British Columbia. Legislative Assembly 1894

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 TWENTY-SECOND ANNUAL EEPORT
PUBLIC   SCHOOLS
OF   THE   PROVINCE   OF
BRITISH   COLUMBIA.
1892-93.
BY THE SUPERINTENDENT OF EDUCATION.
WITH    APPENDICES.
VICTORIA, 11. C:
Printed by Richard Woi.fh-.siikn, Printer to I he Queen's Most Excellent Majesty. 57 Vict. Public Schools Report. 503
PUBLIC  SCHOOLS  REPORT.
1892-93.
To His Honour Edgar Dewdney,
Lieutenant-Governor of the Province of British  Columbia.
May it please Your Honour :
I beg herewith respectfully to present the Twenty-second Annual Report on the Public
Schools of the Province.
JAMES BAKER,
Minister of Education.
December, 1893. 57 Vict. Public Schools Report 505
PART I.
GENERAL   REPORT. 57 Vict. Public Schools Report. 507
ANNUAL   REPORT
OF   THE
SUPERINTENDENT OF EDUCATION.
1892-93.
Education Office,
Victoria, December, 1893.
To Colonel
The Honourable James Baker,
Minister of Education.
Sir,—In accordance with the requirement of the " Public School Act, 1891," I beg to
submit for the information of His Honour the Lieutenant-Governor the Twenty-second Annual
Report on the condition and progress of the Public Schools of the Province for the school-year
ended June 30th, 1893.
The records of the year show considerable increase in attendance, marked improvement
in the condition of the schools, and satisfactory progress in the subjects of study prescribed.
The whole number of schools in operation was 166, as follows :—
High Schools, 4. Rural Schools, HO.
Graded    n    16. Ward      n 6.
The number of teachers and monitors employed was 267, an increase of 39 over that for
the previous year.
The total number of pupils enrolled during the year was 11,496, an increase of 723 over
that for the previous year, and the average actual daily attendance was 7111.40, an increase
of 884.30 for the same period.
In cities the percentage of average attendance was 68.41, in rural districts, 53.82, and
for the entire Province, 61.85. Each of these percentages shtrws an increase over the record
for the previous year, and is a very creditable showing, especially is this the case in the
percentage of average attendance made by the whole Province.
The expenditure for education proper was as follows :—
.   Teachers' Salaries $174,847 33
Incidental Expenses of Rural Schools          6,374 10
Education Office        9,336 00
Total $190,558 33
The cost of each pupil based on enrolment was  $16.57, and on average daily attendance,
$26.79.
Of the amount voted in the Estimates for education proper during  the year, $21,231.67
were unexpended. 508 Public Schools Report. 1893
The expenditure by the Lands and Works Department for the construction of school-
houses, furniture, repairs, and improvements was as follows :—
School-houses $20,960 11
Furniture, repairs, &c , for Rural Districts         3,537 78
Total $24,497 89
The total expenditure by the Provincial Government for till purposes of education during
the year was as follows :—
Education Proper $190,558 33
Less refunds from City Districts      40,280 79
 $150,277 54
Lauds and Works Department        24,497  89
Total    $174,775 13
The amount paid for salaries of teachers in City Districts was $80,561.59. One-half of
this amount ($40,280.79) has been paid into the Provincial Treasury by the City Municipalities, being the refund required under the provisions of the "Public School Act, 1891."
School-houses have been erected, or additions made  to school-buildings, in the following
districts during the past year :—
Atchelitz, Nelson,
Beaver, Northfield,
East Sumas, North Nanaimo,
Fairfield, Prospect,
Galiano, Silverdale,
Gulfside, Tolmie,
Harewood, Union Mines,
Kamloops, White Valley.
At the present time schools are in operation in the following newly-created districts :-
Armstrong, Kaslo,
Bowen Island, Kelowna,
Ducks, Ladner,
Ferndale. Malahat,
Highland, North Nicomin,
Prospect.
In addition to the above, schools are being maintained in the following localities :—
Aberdeen, Nakusp,
Aldergrove South (additional school), Pavilion,
Camp Slough, Sahtlam,
Field, Spence's Bridge,
Hernando, Waneta.
The schools in the districts of Anniedale and North Gabriola have been re-opened. 57 Vict.
Public Schools Report.
509
The following table shows the cost of each pupil on  enrolment and average daily attendance during the past twelve years : —
Year.
Cost of each
pupil on
enrolment.
Cost of each
pupil on average
actual daily
attendance.
1881-82	
$ 18 57*
18 88
19 48
17 66
17 78
16 56
15 67
15 92
15 29
14 78
14 91
16 57
$ 36 26-
1882-8.'l. .               	
36 76
1883-84	
36 85
1884-85	
34 04
1885-86 	
32 04
1886-87	
30 80
1887-88	
32 29
1888-89	
29 39
1889-90	
28 37
1890-91	
26 66
1891-92	
25 79
1892-93
26 79
*Based on cost of education proper.
The slight increase for the past year in the cost of each pupil on enrolment, as well as on
average actual daily attendance, is mainly accounted for by the outbreak of small-pox shortly
after the close of the previous school-year. The feeling of unrest caused by the prevalence of
this disease materially affected the attendance at the schools during the year.
Schedule of Salaries of Teachers on Permanent Staff during the Year 1892-93.
1
2
1
11
5
2
8
10
19
8
55
22
98
Teacher at $125
  120
  115
ii             100
  90
■             85
  80
i  75
i             70
i             65
  60
i             55
.             50
per l
ninth.
242
Av
monthly salary      $61.36 510
Public Schools Report.
1893
Teachers on Permanent Staff for the Year 1892-93.
G rade.
Males.
Females.
1
Total.
Highest
Monthly
Salary.
Lowest
Monthly
Salary.
First Class, Grade A	
19
20
$125
$50
,,      B	
31
8
39
100
50
11
21
15
30
26
51
80
80
50
■.,      B	
50
Third Class,    „      A	
16
32
48
70
50
„      B	
18
33
51
70
50
1
3
3
3
4*
80
60
60
Temporary       	
50
117
125
242
In addition to the above number of teachers, there were employed twenty-five monitors at the rate of
$40 per month.
* Other holders of temporary certificates filled positions as monitors.
The gradual growth of  the schools, as well as the cost of maintaining the same, is fully
shown by the record of attendance and expenditure given in the following exhibit :—
Comparative Statement of Attendance and Cost of Public Schools
from 1872-73 to 1892-93.
1872-73
1873-74
1874-75
1875-76
1876-77
1877-78
1878-79
1879-80
1880-81
1881-82
1882-83
1883-84
1884-85
1885-86
1886-87
1887-88
1888-89
1889-90
1890-91
1891-92
1892-93
Number of
School
Districts.
20
37
41
41
42
45
45
47
48
50
59
67
76
86
95
104
109
123
141
154
168
Aggregate
Enrolment.
1,028
1,245
1,403
1,685
1,998
2,198
2,301
2,462
2,571
2,653
2,693
3,420
4,027
4,471
5,345
6,372
6,796
8,042
9,260
10,773
11,496
Average
Percentage
Daily
of
Attendance.
Attendance
575
55.93
767
61.60
863
61.51
9S4
58.39
1,260
63.06
1,395.50
63.49
1,315.90
57.19
1,293.93
52.56
1,366.86
53.16
1,358.68
51.21
1,383.00
51.36
1,808.60
52.88
2,089.74
51.89
2,481.48
55.50
2,873.38
53.75
3,093.46
48.54
3,681.14
54.16
4,333.90
53.89
5,134.91
55.45
6,227.10
57.80
7,111.40
61.85
Expenditure
for Education
Proper.
$ 36,763 77
35,287 59
34,822 28
44,506 11
47,129 63
43,334 01
*22,110 70
47,006 10
46,960 69
49,268 63
50,850 63
66,655 15
71,151 52
79,527 5.6
88,521 08
99,902 04
108.190 59
122,984 83
136,901 73
160,627 80
190,558 33
Half-year. 57 Vict. Public Schools Report. 511
Statistical Abstract of Attendance for 1892-93.
Number of pupils enrolled during the year . ,  11,496
Increase for the year    723
Number of boys enrolled , ,  5,764
Increase for the year    327
Number of girls enrolled  5,732
Increase for the year  396
Average actual daily attendance  7,111. 40
Increase for the year  884.30
Number of pupils enrolled in High Schools  333
Increase for the year    21
Average actual daily attendance in Fligh Schools  213 .02
Average actual daily attendance in Graded and Ward Schools  4,664.93
Average actual daily attendance in Rural Schools  2,233 .45
Number of School Districts at close of year  169
Increase for the year  15
PUBLIC SCHOOL TEACHERS' EXAMINATION, 1893.
The annual examination of candidates for certificates of qualification to teach in the
Public Schools of the Province commenced on July 4th, 1893, in the High School Building,
Victoria, in the High School Building, Vancouver, and in the Public School Building,
Kamloops.
The Examiners appointed to act with the Supetintendent of Education were John
Anderson, Esq., B. A., the Ven. Archdeacon Scriven, M. A. (Oxon.), the Rev. P. McF.
Macleod, and the Rev. W. D. Barber, M.A.
The list of successful candidates appeared in the British Columbia Gazette of August 3rd,
1893, as follows: —
Certificates.
First Class—Grade A—Certificates.
Burnett, William Brenton, B.A., University of Acadia College, Nova Scotia, 1893.
Ellenwood, William Rogers, B.A., McGill University, Montreal, 1893.
Fullagar, Lewis Henry, B.A., Cambridge University, 1893.
Henry, Joseph Kaye, B.A., Dalhousie University, Halifax, 1893.
Laffere, Richard Lawson, B.A., University of Dublin, 1893.
Moore, Samuel, B.A., University of Manitoba, 1893.
Pineo, Albert J., B.A., University of Acadia College, Nova Scotia, 1893.
Robinson, David Magee, B.A., Dalhousie University, Halifax, 1893.
Robinson, George Edward, B.A., Dalhousie University, Halifax, 1893.
Shaw, James Curtis, B.A., Dalhousie University, Halifax, 1893.
Turner, Henry Birkett, B.A., Cambridge University, 1893.
The following holder of a First Class, Grade A, Certificate, obtained prior to 1888, passed
the additional standard now required for First Class, Grade A, Certificate :—
Gordon, Robert George , ,    1893 512 Public Schools Report. 1893
First Class—Grade B—Certificates.
The following holders of First Class, Grade B, Certificates, obtained prior to 1888, passed
the additional standard now required for First Class, Grade B, Certificates:—
Cameron, Agnes Deans      1893
Campbell, Eli J      n
Coatham, William Cammish       n
Gilchrist, Alexander      n
Horton, Lucretia      n
McRae, George W      ii
Murray, Paul      n
Nicholson, Thomas      n
Offerhaus, Mrs. Mary Amelia      n
Rogers, Ellen      n
Sluggett, George Henry        n
Wood, William Martin      n
First Class—Grade B—Certificates.
(Maximum Marks, 3,750.) Marks
obtained.
Norcross, James Edward  2703
Johnston, Robert Cullen  2696
McNeill, Angus B  2661
Buchanan, Donald John  2661
McLeod, James R  2627
Galloway, James  2534
Norris, Thomas Alfred  2506
Baxter, Truman Smith  2499
Gillis, John D  2438
Stewart, Allan C  2345
Johnston, Bessie W  2337
Templer, Ada May    2318
Shepherd, Samuel  2298
Hoy, James A  2262
Irwin, Joseph  2255
Second Class—Grade A—Certificates.
(Maximum Marks, 3,150.) Marks
obtained.
Watkin, Robert  2296
Gordon, Marion  2287
Ralph, Ellen  2279
Macfarlane, Rachel McKechnie  2266
Speirs, Mary Elizabeth , . 2261
Robinson, Sarah Ann  2220
McNutt, Agnes H  2196
Shine, Timothy Warren   2195
Morrison, Florence  2189
McDowell, Mary  2188
Kirkendall, George    2183
Campbell, Samuel Burns  2181
Johnston, Alice Leonora  2171
Fraser, Anna Elizabeth  2135
Bodwell, Charlotte A. M  2129
Lang, Sarah Isabella       2120
Leith, Thomas  211 G
Wintemute, Hannah  2096
Bennett, Ellen Christine  2089
Speers, Elizabeth M  2078 57 Vict. Public Schools Report. 513
Second Class —Grade A—Certificates.—Concluded.
(Maximum Marks, 3,150.) Marks
obtained.
LePage, Ethel Lucretia  2062
Bryant, Mabel  2044
Hunter, Douglas McDonald  2044
Blair, Wesley  2039
Telford, Robert  2035
Barron, Lizzie A. F  2024
Stitt, Una Muriel     2016
Caspell, Edmund    2010
Caldwell, Jennie  2003
Pearsall, Alfred J  1981
Laffere, Henri Wilfred ,  1981
Trembath, Emily Jane     1979
Macfarlane, Minnie Jardine  1968
Russell,  Alexandrina  1968
Phienix, Albert E    1966
MeKenzie, Francis James  1963
Cunningham, William J  1961
Hay, Alice  1961
Ketcheson, Annie    -.  1955
Watson, Frederic James  1946
Cooke, Alfred William      1924
Doran, Edward F -  1913
Nickerson, Laura Livingstone  1901
Hall, Caroline M '  1900
Carscadden, Robert Howard ,  1897
Moss, May Emily  1896
Hoidge, Henry John  1893
McLellan, Mrs. Ella Belle  1891
Second Class—Grade B—Certificates.
(Maximum Marks, 2,550.) Marks
obtained.
Tait,  Leonard  1819
Morrison, Frank Elihu    1744
McDowell, Martha  1697
Dockrill, M. Melrose  1683
Tolmie, John A  16G6
Henderson, Magnus  1 649
Matthews, Deborah Elizabeth    1625
Armstrong, Robert J  1606
King, Edith Amy     1 598
Kirkendall, Jessie      1591
Williams, Sara Adelaide  1589
Dowler, Caroline Amelia  1588
Fraser, Henry Archibald       1568
Stewart, Anna Leighton  1567
Howison, Arthur  1558
Lewis, Alice Maude  1552
Christie, Isabel Ramsay    1548
Fletcher, Marie  1544
Truswell, Sarah  1536
Graham, William Alexander    1533
Dunkerley,  Ethel  1514
Northcott, Orvilla  1514
Brown, William Clarence  1512 514 Public Schools Report. 1893
Second  Class—Grade B— Cbetificates. — Concluded.
(Maximum Marks, 2,550.) Marks
obtained.
Rhodes, Amy Alice  1512
Christie, Caroline Crichton  1511
Powell, Lottie May  1511
Agnew, Emily Campbell  1506
Caldwell, Eleanor Brandon  1503
Murton, Sarah ; ,  1501
Gordon, Alexander John  1500
Blair, Eliza J  1496
Martin, George Henry  1495
Shrapnel, Edith Mary Scrope  1494
Stephenson, John Joseph               1485
Tucker, Henry  1480
Preston, Sara  1473
Walker, Robert John  1454
Godson, Mabel  1448
Thomas, Catherine J  1447
Burns, Margaret M ,  1444
Tanner, Rebecca ,  1443
McKay, Minna Gertrude    1441
Lorimer, Christina Taylor  1440
Smith, Katie Clement  1431
Smith, Elsie May  1428
Miller, Janet 1  1428
Sutherland, James  1412
Ferguson, Lena May  1401
Black, Jean W  1387
Homer, Margaret Fritch  1380
Monro, Annie J  1368
Smith, Mary Kennedy     1365
Bradley, Julia M .  1349
Sinclair, James William .    .  1348
Johnstone, Marion Baird    1344
Fraser, Flora C  1344
Lucas, Mary  1340
Dobeson, Mary Gray  1325
Woods, Alfred Annesley  1283
Third Class—Grade A—Certificates.
(Maximum Marks, 1,950.) Marks
obtained.
Furness, Katie  1259
Wilkinson, Mercy Ellen  1239
Monk, James Hector  1219
Elmsly, Eliza  1192
Isaac, Harriet ,  1179
Millard, Gertrude R  1173
Walker, Maud Margaret R  1171
Haarer, Mary Paulina  1159
McLennan, David  1154
Robertson, Jennie  1147
Freeman, Lena B ;  1119
Marshall, Sarah  1101
Elsden, Jessie M '.  1099
Jesse, Edith Maude  1092
Plaxton, Robert James  1073
Clyde, Thomas  1028
Keay, Maude Sinclair  983 57 Vict. Public Schools Report. 515
Third Class—Grade B—Certificates.
(Maximum Marks, 1,950.) Marks
obtained.
Hughes, Leonora Evangeline  1351
Browne, George E. G    1225
Smith, Mabel Wyaston  1224
Frank, Miriam  1204
Johnston, Samuel G  1193
Shook, Francis Emery              1190
Acheson, W. C  1180
Edgett, Louise S  1173
Dalby, Edith Madeline   1168
Thomson, William George  1164
McLeod, Norman  1162
McDowell, Margaret  1150
DeBou, Edith Sophia  1140
Spillman, Margaret E -  1135
Wintemute, Mary  1128
Cade, John P  1116
Robotham, Annie     1109
Brown, Mamie Sybil  1109
Brechin, Robert  1106
MeCallum, Ada  1103
Walker, Susie  1099
Beattie, Matthew  1097
McLean, John D  1096
Edwards, Lilias Meta  1092
Ackerman, Myrtie B  1088
McCulloeh, Nellie Grant '.  1086
Sloan, Marjorie  1068
Cathcart,  Isabel     1058
Edwards, Caroline Maude  1056
Galbraith, Angus  1055
Buchanan, Angus     1054
Fletcher, Lizzie   1049
Roberts, Emily Florence  1048
Gilley, Annie Lee    1047
Sayer, Elizabeth Ann  1047
Hilbert, Kate  1044
Barron, Isabel M. F  1039
Shortreed, Christina     1035
McMartin, Jane Sophia  1034
Halliday, Mary Felicia  1031
Wright, John  1025
Ward, Mary Ellen  1024
McDowell, Annie  1021
Noble, Clara Anna  1015
Buttimer, Annie L  1012
Frank, Evelyn May „  1008
McGregor, John Charles  1002
Godson, Grace Adelaide  1002
Lister, Ellen  1002
Trew, Anne Evelyn  1002
Pool, Christina  993
Black, Jessie Ann.  988
Goddart, Ellen Isabel ,  987
McDonald, Mrs. Annie C  972
Dyker, Jennie  965 516 Public Schools Report. 1893
Third Class—Grade B—Certificates.—Concluded.
(Maximum Marks, 1,950.) Marks
obtained.
Wilson, Nellie Groves  965
Fowler, Archibald  964
Young, Harriett      956
Gallant, Domitian  956
MeKenzie, Kate Margaret  943
MacLeod, Malcolm  942
Wolfenden, Mabel Mary  941
Sivewright, William  940
Agnew, Marguerite Stuart  933
Fraser, Jennie Grant  . . . 929
Armstrong, Jeannie  928
Ravey, Martin James  913
Miller, Martha S  909
Edgett, Maud Rebecca  889
Harrison, Alice V  888
Thomson, Dorathea Mary M ,  875
Gaudin, Mabel Agnes  869
Cawker, Martha jane  806
Renewal Certificates for Length of Service.
Bailey, Adelaide S.,      Caldwell, Mrs. L. M.,      Halliday, James A.,      McDougall, Archena J.
S.  D. Pope, LL.D.,
John Anderson, B.A.,
Austin Scriven, M.A. (Oxon.
P. McF. Macleod,
Wm.  Davin Barber,  M.A.
■Board of Examiners.
In accordance with the recommendation of the Examiners, Certificates have been granted.
A.  CAMPBELL  REDDTE,
Deputy Provincial Secretary.
Provincial Secretary's Office,  Victoria, July 28th, 1893.
The examination was held simultaneously in Victoria, Vancouver, and Kamloops.
The number of candidates was 271, of whom 112 wrote in Victoria, 141 in Vancouver,
and 18 in Kamloops.
Of the whole number of applicants, 236 succeeded in obtaining certificates, as follows :—
First Class, Grade A  12
First Class, Grade B  27
Second Class, Grade A  48
Second Class, Grade B  59
Third Class, Grade A     17
Third Class, Grade B  73
In addition to the above, four certificates for length of service were issued in accordance
with the provisions of the School Act.
One of those who obtained First Class, Grade A, Certificates, and twelve who obtained
First Class, Grade B, were the holders of First Class Certificates obtained prior to 1888, and
hence were examined only in the additional standard now required for these certificates.
Of the whole number who wrote, thirty-one failed to obtain, a certificate of any kind, and
four withdrew from the examination. 57 Vict.
Public Schools Report.
517
At the present time, the number of certificated teachers about equals the demand, and
the prospects are that in the near future there will be a sufficient number of holders of certificates to enable Boards of Trustees, in case of vacancies, to select from a large number of
applicants. Those who have had little or no experience in teaching will doubtless find it
difficult to secure appointments. It behoves those, therefore, who propose entering the
profession of teaching to fit themselves for the work by utilizing every facility afforded them.
We would suggest that it would be of great advantage to the inexperienced to spend as much
time as possible in visiting orderly and well-conducted schools before undertaking active duties,
in order to obtain a knowledge of the methods employed, the discipline observed, and in fact
to learn how to manage a school.
The young woman of sixteen or eighteen, and the young man of eighteen or twenty, who
obtain certificates of qualification to teach and yet scarcely know the difference between a
register and a recitation record book, or who cannot make out correctly the monthly and
yearly reports required, are certainly not properly prepared for the profession.
It is eminently necessary for the teacher to have a good educational standing, but it is
equally important that he have a good knowledge of everything required for the proper
management of a school.
The following table shows the number of applicants and certificates obtained during each
of the past twelve years, and cannot but prove of interest:—
Number
Certificates Obtained.
Failed to
of
Year.
Applicants.
First Class.
(Second Class.
Third Class.
Certificates.
1882	
36
6
9
19
2
37
5
3
15
14
1884	
64
15
21
16
12
1885	
67
76
15
13
12
6
27
34
13
1886	
23
1887	
93
15
27
30
21
1888   	
100
117
10
9
41
30
36
37
13
1889	
41
1890	
143
8
36
61
38
1891	
154
14
54
64
22
1892 ,	
200
5
3
137
55
1893	
271
39
107
90
35
Under the Rules and Regulations, no male candidate less than eighteen years of age, and
no female candidate less than sixteen years of age, can be permitted to be applicants for
certificates of any kind. 518 Public Schools Report. 1893
INSPECTOR'S  REPORT.
"Victoria, November,  1893.
" Sir,—I have the honour to submit for your information the following general report
for the school-year ended June 30th, 1893 :—
" The division of the work of supervision made last year, in consequence of the appointment of another Inspector, necessarily limits the application of my report to a part of the
school system. The schools in the four chief cities were visited both by Inspector Burns and
myself, but there was about an equal division of the work of inspecting the schools in rural
districts.
" The schools have been generally well managed, perhaps better than in any former year.
If occasional harshness still lingers, it is, I trust, soon to give place to modes that improve
and elevate character. It would be wrong to suppose that every teacher is a good disciplinarian, or that good order is to be found everywhere in the schools, but, on the other hand,
commendable regularity and punctuality, ready compliance with the regulations, and well
sustained interest in school work, may very properly be claimed as characteristics of our
schools. With respect to the various studies pursued, and to the progress therein, general
remarks are submitted.
" Reading.
" As reading is one of the most important branches taught in the Public Schools, considerable attention has always been given to this subject by me, when engaged in the work of
inspection.
"The standard of excellence in reading may in general be indicated by these two questions :— 1. Has the reader correctly apprehended the thought? 2. Has he used correct
pronunciation, distinct articulation, and natural tones?
" So far as my observations extended during the past school-year, the application of this
standard to the character of the results obtained must give our schools a respectable rank for
general excellence in reading.
" The first demand of the standard in reading given above is the one upon which sufficient stress is not always laid. Of course, the pupil gradually becomes familiar with the
words of the lesson, and finally the meaning may dawn upon him ; but from the outset, and
during all his school life, he should be made to understand what he is required to read.
" In order to comply with the second requirement of the standard, the pupil must have
before him a good model, both of speech and reading, and he must also receive that thorough
instruction which will correct errors of pronunciation as well as errors of expression. In
other words, the teacher must be his guide and must teach him whatever he is to know of
correct reading. In the earlier stages, close attention should be given to the elementary
sounds of the language, as an effective means of securing distinctness of enunciation and correctness of pronunciation.
" Reference was made in my last report to the apparent neglect of the suggestion made
in the course of instruction with respect to the use and value of declamation. I am not in a
position to state whether or not there has been a decided change in this respect, but it seems
to me that suitable selections could be made by the teacher for each class or grade, and attention drawn to their beauties. Owing to the tenacious memory of childhood, the selections
will probably never be forgotten by the pupils, and will ever be to them a source of delight.
No pupil should throw aside the Fourth Reader without knowing Scott's 'Love of Country,'
nor leave the Fifth Reader without memorizing Hogg's ' To a Skylark,' and as many as
possible of the other excellent selections in each of the Readers. A taste for these selections
having thus been formed, the pupils will be induced to look up and examine others.
" In concluding my remarks under this head, I would suggest that teachers study the
reading lessons they are to give as carefully as any other lessons. While they may be tolerably familiar with the incidents of the lesson, they should study how to make these facts
familiar to their pupils. 57 Vict. Public Schools Report. 519
" Writing.
" There is no doubt that increased effort has been put forth in order to secure better
results in writing, and that as a consequence some improvement is evident. Excellence in
writing depends almost entirely upon the teacher. Of course, unsuitable desks or bad
materials are answerable for a good deal, but under reasonably fax ourable conditions, the
school is responsible.
"An examination of the copy-books in use in the various schools visited enabled me to
note any evidences of progress made, as well as to determine whether or not proper supervision had been exercised by the teacher. The questions of pen-holding aud freedom of
movement were decided by requiring the pupils to write a few lines. The copy-books examined were often of the most creditable character as to neatness and skill, but in many cases
there were evidences of want of proper supervision. There is also still much to be done in
the matter of proper pen-holding, and of securing the free use of hand and arm.
" From these observations, as well as from information received in reference to the
methods pursued, I must urge that still greater effort be made by teachers to improve the
character of instruction in this branch. At present, the blackboard is not sufficiently utilized
in illustrating the best models of penmanship, nor is there that persistence in such a course as
must ultimately give to each and every child a good business hand.
"It has been many times said that the most potent reason why teachers do not train children to write correctly is that they cannot write well themselves, and will not take the trouble
to learn. Among our teachers, there are some of the best penmen in the Province, and, I am
inclined to believe, some of the worst. Perhaps it may be in this as in everything else that
the law of heredity plays a part, but it may be added that assiduous practice will do much
to overcome almost any defect.
"Arithmetic.
" This branch continues to receive proper attention, and is in general well taught.
Whatever the advancement of the classes under examination, inquiry was always made in
reference to their ability to work the simple rules with accuracy and rapidity. The various
tests applied did not in every instance prove the application of that constant and judicious
practice which alone can secure these desirable ends. When the teacher is alive to the
importance of thoroughness in his work, the whole school will receive an almost daily drill on
the ' first four rules of arithmetic'
" So far as I was able to judge, more attention should be given to systematic instruction
in mental arithmetic. As at each and every stage mental arithmetic must precede and lead
up to written arithmetic, systematic training in mental arithmetic, from first to last, is indispensable. It is in this way that the pupil is led into an intelligent possession of principles,
and becomes expert and logical in their application. I am satisfied that if this course had
always been followed, a class working ' simple interest' would in no instance be unable to
answer simple questions in vulgar or decimal fractions.
" Grammar.
" Considerable time is devoted to the study of grammar, which the pupil is required to
take up when he enters the Third Reader class. Good work has certainly been done, but
there is still to be noticed, in some cases, a tendency to hurry over the simple steps in order
to reach the more difficult and complex. The consequence is that the parts of speech are
sometimes not really understood, nor are clear conceptions of subject and predicate always
formed. I would call attention to the suggestion made in the preface to the Short Grammar,
in reference to the time that the author recommends as necessary for young pupils to be kept
answering certain questions, in order to ' prepare the way for a sound and clear knowledge of
grammar—based upon the observation of the pupil himself.'
" In addition to the value of the subject as mental training, it should be taught with the
direct object kept steadily in view of making it subserve the practical purposes of composition
and speech. The correction of the errors in speech would do much to make the subject more
interesting. The struggle with bad habits in speech cannot be won by incidental correction.
The errors require time and repetition for their removal. Once or twice a week, a list of
errors noticed might form the basis of a brief and spirited review. 520 Public Schools Report. 1893
" Composition.
" In composition there has been a general improvement, inasmuch as the subject has
received more attention than formerly. But much remains to be done before it can be truly
said that all the pupils of the Public Schools are receiving such a training in this branch as
will eventually enable them to use their mother tongue correctly and readily. The ability to
do this cannot certainly be secured by one lesson a week, and yet in some instances this comprises the whole amount of instruction given in composition.
" In addition to direct instruction, the daily routine of school work affords many opportunities of developing power of expression. To accept a fragmentary answer indicating that
the pupil possesses the requisite knowledge, is to neglect an opportunity to teach oral
composition.
" I have several times pointed out that frequent practice under proper guidance is the
chief means of acquiring facility in this art. Let the pupils be shown their errors, and be
taught how to correct them, and then required to re-write their compositions, avoiding these
errors. With judicious assistance on the part of the teacher, the pupils will in time be
able to criticise their own work, and as practice makes them stronger and more self-reliant,
will soon be enabled to do a good deal for themselves. There should also be drill in analysis
and shades of meaning of words.
"Little systematic effort has been made to train and develop the imagination and
inventive faculty. Good pictures, such as may readily be obtained from the illustrated journals, could be employed to furnish a simple and useful introduction to these higher departments of the general subject.
" Geography.
" The time devoted to this study is profitably spent, and the pupils who leave the Public
Schools carry away with them a large amount of useful geographical knowledge. The verbal
memory has a large share in the acquisition, but the names should be relieved of their dryness
by various arts as well as by endeavouring  to impress real conceptions corresponding to them.
" 'Ideas before words' is a part of our educational creed, yet how often is geography still
begun with the abstruse statement, ' The world is round.' Beginning at the unknown, and to
the child the unknowable, the teacher advances by slow and uncertain steps towards the
known, at which he does not always arrive. In other words, from the form of the earth and
the geography of the hemispheres, he circles inward toward the child's point of view.
" ' The first work in geography is to endeavour to build into the mind, by means of the
imagination, the stage that may afterwards be filled with moving and acting human beings.'
We can indeed teach the subject by means of maps, so that the mind will rarely go beyond
the map, i. e., the world and all it contains is limited to the coloured surface of a piece of
paper. Now, the map, like the word, should be the means of recalling the reality, and that
teaching of geography which does not go beyond the representation of the reality, is manifestly
wrong. It is also a mistake to leave out the indispensable conception of upraised form, and
thus limit the study to the surface of a map with the artificial aids to memory of colour and
boundary lines.    Properly used, maps are simply aids in imagining the real continents.
"With the study of continental forms, descriptions of vegetation, climate, soil, and
peoples, should go on in such a way as to feed the imagination, arouse the curiosity, and clothe
the dry bones of the structure with the warm colouring of living forms.
" History.
"With but few exceptions, the study of British and Canadian History has been taken up
at the stage indicated in the Course of Instruction. The time devoted to the two divisions of
this subject has given good results.
" The importance of maps and illustrations in acquiring a thorough knowledge of history
should be more generally recognized. Instead of the brief and disconnected answers that
sometimes characterize the recitations in history, more continuous statements by the pupils
should be encouraged.
"Anatomy, Physiology, and Hygiene.
" The instruction given in these allied subjects, after the text-book is placed in the hands
of the pupils,  has been  very generally such as to deserve praise, but there should be more 57 Vict. Public Schools Report. 521
attention given to the oral introductory lessons. The younger pupils should also have more
frequent opportunities of reproducing, both orally and in writing, the substance of these
lessons, in which it is expected that, as far as possible, all technicalities have been avoided.
" With respect to the teachings of temperance, a branch subject of hygiene, the sentiment
of the schools is sound. The conviction that alcohol and tobacco are bad things to use, is
universal. In dealing with this branch subject, however, teachers should aim at clearness of
statement and exactness of knowledge, lest by causing pupils to acquire exaggerated notions
of the effects of stimulants, there should be, in the light of after-knowledge, danger of a
reaction of sentiment.
" Drawing.
" While the number of pupils who annually receive instruction in drawing continues to
increase, I am still unable to report much progress in the study.
" The time devoted to drawing is not such as to develop freedom of movement and ability
to form curves and straight lines without the aid of intermediate points and measurements.
Still, it is not always proper to regard the appearance of the finished drawing as an end in
itself, instead of looking for real improvement brought about by the application of approved
methods.
" School Tests.
" Examinations, oral and written, form a necessary part of school management. The
oral test is most frequently employed, but the written test has an important place in the work
of the school-room.
"The chief object of the written examination is to supplement teaching. Some special
advantages, however, deserve mention. It necessitates frequent review ; it reveals to the
teacher defective points in his own teaching; it shows the necessity for pupils to be able to
express their ideas—for, says Locke, 'He that has ideas on any subject and cannot give
expression to them as he needs, is much what the same as he that hath no ideas;' and, finally,
it not only tests the pupil's knowledge, but teaches him method, promptitude, and self-reliance.
" While pointing out the special advantages of these written tests, I must add that they
should not be too frequent, yet, at the same time, there should be sufficient practice of this
kind to secure for pupils readiness and accuracy in the expression of what they know.
" From the above, it must be plain that the teachers who do not habitually test their
pupils' knowledge of work that they have been over, fail in a plain duty.
" In a few of our schools there is a tendency to demand, in the course of the daily
routine, too much written work, instead of having the pupils under the guidance and stimulating influence of the teacher in oral recitation ; in others, the written test is not sufficiently
frequent to arouse both the teacher and the pupils to increased care and diligence.
" Physical Training.
" It is a well-recognized fact that there are three divisions of education—the moral, the
intellectual, and the physical. The intellectual side has received the lion's share of attention.
The moral side has not by any means been neglected. Physical education, however, except to
a limited extent, has been chiefly left to take care of itself.
"While the teacher should not require children to assume unnatural attitudes, he should
be equally on the watch to prevent their adoption. Again, it is the duty of the teacher to see
that the temperature of the room is normal when artificial heat is used, to take care that no
child's eyes are subjected to strain, and, as far as possible, to have the school-room properly
ventilated.
" All this is good, as far as it goes, bu t physical education means a good deal more.
Physical education means exercise adapted to produce certain definite ends. In a former
report I mentioned a course of simple exercises that would be beneficial, and I would urge
that, in addition to their value as training, they have a most important effect in relieving the
physical and mental tedium of study.
" I have the honour to be,
"Sir,
"Your obedient servant,
" D. Wilson,
"S. D. Pope, Esq., LL.D., "Inspector of Schools.
" Superintendent of Education, Victoria." 522 Public Schools Report. 1893
INSPECTOR'S REPORT.
"Victoria, November, 1893.
" Sir,—I have the honour to submit to you the following remarks on the schools of this
Province, as a result of observations made during the school-year ending June 30th, 1893.
" In this, ray first year of inspectoral work, I have endeavoured to make myself
acquainted with the teachers and their work —with the difficulties under which they labour, and
with the necessities of the country, rather than to suggest changes which, even if useful, the
peculiar circumstances of a district might render it difficult to carry out successfully. It is a
recognized fact that although the essential principles of true education are unalterable, yet the
mode of carrying them out must vary with the requirements of each country and province.
" Being well acquainted with the systems of education adopted in England and in Ontario,
and with the progress made in those places, it was but natural for me to compare in my mind
the schools which I was visiting with those I had seen elsewhere, and it has been an agreeable
surprise to me to find that British Columbia is in no degree behind in the average attainments
of the pupils of the public schools, or in the faithful work done in them by the teachers. It
would be absurd to expect, in our High and Graded Schools of a few years' standing, all the
appliances of a literary and scientific kind which have been collected in similar schools in
England, founded hundreds of years ago, rejoicing perhaps in the possession of rich endowments and valuable libraries, or even to compare them with those of Ontario which have been
in active operation for many years past, and have been cordially supported by public feeling
in that Province, as well as aided by the moral assistance of several Universities. It is not
too much, however, to say that our schools are also doing excellent work, are constantly
improving, and are daily becoming a more important factor in educating the children of this
Province.
" The progress made by the schools is perhaps most apparent in the rural districts where,
though the teachers are somewhat isolated from all advice or assistance, and hindered by the
irregular attendance of some of their pupils, yet, with increasing success, they continue to urge
their pupils along the road of learning. The truth of this statement is evident from the fact
that the number of candidates who are capable of passing the High School entrance examination, after being taught in our Rural Schools only, is continually increasing, while the
examination papers set are fully as difficult as those given to similar candidates in other
provinces. It would be well if our teachers kept more in mind the utility of such examinations as those held by the Department; whether the pupil can attend the High School or not,
the curriculum of studies for entrance is such, that no one can he a successful candidate
without a knowledge of the elements of a good English education; and the desire to be
successful at the trial, if it can be attempted, is in itself a powerful incentive to study.
Unfortunately, some of our teachers argue that such preparation is useless, because many of
their pupils cannot possibly attend a High School, or perhaps may not be able to be present at
the examination. Such arguments are absurd. As well might the steersman in a difficult passage refuse to obey the pilot's orders to steer straight for some mountain in the distance, because
the ship could never reach it, or because his port lay many miles nearer than it, and so prefer
to keep his ship on no fixed course whatever, thus taking a less direct route, possibly with
greater risk of danger to his vessel. The course of study laid down is selected by our educational pilots with the design of keeping the pupil off the dangerous rocks and shoals which
beset his voyage on the sea of learning, or, in other words, with the intention of requiring
neatness and accuracy in work—of preventing careless and indifferent study—of encouraging-
reasoning rather than mere memorizing. Surely these habits are worth attaining by everyone
who desires to succeed in this life, and the formation of them should be the object aimed at
by those to whom the education of our children is entrusted.
" Although the average attendance of the children of this Province is very high, yet one
of the chief difficulties in the path of our teachers is, as mentioned above, irregularity of
attendance. This too often occurs at the very time when learning is becoming a pleasure
rather than a labour—when the drudgery of clearing the land is finished, and the first crop 57 Vict. Public Schools Report. 523
from the field so laboriously cleared is about to be obtained. Still, it is a pleasure to find
that, at many of our schools, there are in attendance pupils beyond the legal school age, who
are striving to fit themselves for their life-work by taking advantage of opportunities of
improvement which perhaps they did not have in their earlier days. Such a desire to improve
is of the highest credit to them, and deserves the greatest commendation and assistance from
trustees and teachers.
" It is gratifying also to note an increasing desire on the part of parents that their
children should obtain a good education; and the presence of a school in any district seems in
many cases to induce a better class of settlers to reside there—that is to say, settlers who
desire the mental and moral, as well as the material, improvement of their children. If the
good-will and sympathy of such parents can bo gained, the teachers will find their arduous
and often monotonous labour much lightened, as well as feel that they are aided in all good
work by the assistance of those whose influence with their pupils is greater than their own.
" It is not surprising to find our teachers often disheartened at the results achieved, and
frequently feeling as if the greater part of their time and labour is wasted. The progress of
their classes seems to be so slow, and so little good work appears to have been done by the
end of the term, that the question arises in the mind of the conscientious teacher whether any
advance at all has been made. Here it may be well to remark —it is better that progress
should be slow if real, that the education given should not be one-sided, and that no false ideas
of advancement should be given to the pupils or to their parents, as such unfounded expectations
must lead to nothing but disappointment to them and annoyance to the teacher, when an
examination or some failure shows, too late, the fallacy of such empty claims to knowledge.
The fact that many teachers are thus disheartened is, when looked at in its true light, a most
gratifying one, for it shows that there are some whose whole heart is in their work. We would
remind them that if any improvement has been made, their efforts have not been useless; that
as the children of to-day will, in a few years hence, be the acting men and women of British
Columbia, so the future of the country is in their hands, for 'the character of a nation is
determined by the character of the individuals composing it,' and the moulding of this
character is a large part of the duty devolving upon them.
" Viewing education as a matter of such paramount importance, there are some points to
which we desire to draw the attention of our fellow-workers, and would earnestly ask them
never to forget that school is merely a place of preparation, and that its chief advantage to
the pupils is not so much in the lessons themselves, however valuable they may be, as in the
habits of study and attention thereby formed; of cleanliness and order there learned; of
obedience, punctuality and forethought there required; and of temperance and morality there
implanted into their very nature. Thus it is evident that the mode of learning and the
thoroughness with which it is done should occupy special attention. Let the teacher explain
the method of preparing the work, and short lessons, thoroughly known and understood, will
be found of more advantage than long lessons imperfectly learned or explained. The former
produce habits of careful and precise thought, whereas the latter only increase the pupil's
natural tendency to slovenliness in work, a habit which will grow and strengthen with every
repetition. Nor can we omit to remark that it would be advisable for some of our teachers to
give more notice to the condition in which the work is presented to them, such as the irregularity with which the exercise is put down, the improper arrangement of the problem solved,
the untidy appearance of the paper or slate, the scribbling on the books—all these should be
remarked upon by the teacher, as well as the errors in the exercises themselves.
" The appearance of the school-room should also occupy more attention than is sometimes
given to it. In a few cases the decorations of holiday times are left to fade, and to fall
gradually, until replaced by those of the next half-year; maps and blinds may be kept in
better order by a few tacks and a little trouble; the books and other school apparatus can be
brightened by being cleared of dust and arranged in something like order. These things may
appear trivial, but they have a certain, though unconscious, influence on the pupils attending
the school; and it is always noticeable that teachers who are themselves neglectful in regard
to dress and manners, and who allow their rooms to be disorderly, have pupils who are careless
of their own personal appearance, and that, on the contrary, when the room is bright and
pleasant, the pupils are also clean and tidy. It is quite possible to judge of the character of the
wTork done in the school by the appearance of the outside of the building; litter and rubbish swept
out but left lying around the doors, paper scattered about the grounds, broken fences and windows, are sure marks by which the quality of the work done within the walls can be estimated. 524 Public Schools Report. 1893
"Again, the habits of prompt obedience and punctuality, of regard for the feelings of
others, which are necessarily learned in a well-managed school-room, are certainly of too
evident advantage in after-life to need that we should urge our teichers to require their
observance by the pupils. A few teachers, however, consider these as minor matters in
comparison with lessons learned or exercises written, and provided that a certain amount of
work is done by the pupils they do not care to insist on prompt obedience, punctuality or
politeness of behaviour. Let our teachers be themselves obedient to the laws which govern
our schools—punctual in their attend nice, polite in their behaviour—and they then will have
a right to ask that their pupils imitate them in these matters. If such lessons are learned in
youth it is impossible to estimate the value of them in later years, both to the individual and
to the nation.
"Lastly, habits of temperance and morality can be always inculcated by the teacher, not
necessarily in formal lessons, but in modes far more effective, namely, by occasional remarks,
for which our text-books furnish ample opportunities to any one desiring to use them, and
especially by the example set before the children by one to whom they should look up as
worthy of imitation in every respect. Which of us does not remember in later years a casual
remark made by a teacher on some subject, whereas the formal lesson itself has faded from
our memory. Surely, then, it becomes our teachers to he careful that every word and action
of theirs tends towards urging their pupils to lead a moral life, and to see that neither by
example nor by precept they shall ever give one man or woman cause to regret having been
under their influence during the impressionable years of childhood.
"In these remarks I have endeavoured to address myself through you to the teachers, and
to put into general statements some of the good and bad points which have come under my
observation, as well as some of the remarks made to me by others during my visits. I have
done this not with the object of merely writing a report, but with the eirnest hope that
encouragement may be given, and errors or omissions corrected. It is said of a great general
that he once remarked to his officers after a review that he did not care about the men, so long
as he had for leaders officers who knew their duty, the men would do their part well. We
may certainly say the same in regard to our schools; there is an abundance of excellent
material in our children to produce good and faithful workers, but good leaders are required.
It is seldom that one has a more critical or watchful audience than the children of a school.
Very few have a keener insight into character than they have, or can more readily distinguish
between the one who is a true teacher and the one who only 'keeps school' We trust that
this latter class will shortly be an 'extinct species,' as then only will teaching be recognized
as a profession which requires the putting forth of the highest efforts of mind and thought of
which man is capable—as one deserving of the best wishes, assistance and co-operation of all
good citizens, and as too important in its results to be made the ground of political or religious
strife.
" Before concluding these remarks, I feel that it is hut right for me to express the obligations I am under to all the trustees and teachers whom I have met in British Columbia for
their kind assist nice, thus causing me to look back upon my first year's work as pleasant and
instructive to myself, and to hope at the same time that it has enabled me to become more
competent to fulfil the responsible duties with which I have been entrusted.
" I have the honour to be,
" Sir,
"Your obedient servant,
"S. D. Pope, Esq., LED., "William Burns,
"Superintendent of Education, "Inspector of Schools.
" Victoria, B.C." 57 Vict.
Public Schools Report.
52c
REPORTS OF BOARDS OF SCHOOL TRUSTEES OF CITY DISTRICTS.
City op Nanaimo.
E. A. Praeger, Esq., M. D
John Hilbert, Esq.,
John H. Cocking, Esq.,
Board of Public School Trustees
Chairman,
S.  Gough, Secretary.
Edward Quennell, Esq..
Joseph Gamier, Esq.,
John Frame, Esq.
"Nanaimo, B. C, July 16th, 1893.
" Sir,—The Trustees of the Nanaimo City Public Schools beg to submit the following report for the year ending 30th June, 1893.
" During the past year, the North and South Ward school buildings have been completed ; these with the Central school buildings have afforded ample accommodation for our
school population, and, to a limited extent for children living outside our limits.
" From January until the end of June, the High School was held in the Municipal
Council Chamber ; these quarters were soon found to be too small, and during the midsummer
holidays a commodious addition was made to the North Ward School at a cost of over a thousand dollars, and is now occupied by the High School.
" Extensive repairs are needed at the Boys' and Girls' Central schools; these buildings
are faulty in design and construction ; a considerable sum is required to put them in good
order for carrying on the work for which they were intended.
" The various incidental wants of the schools have been promptly attended to, and a careful oversight has been maintained by the Trustees.
" During  the year twenty-three meetings have been held for the transaction of business.
" I have, &c.,.
" S. Gough,
" S. D. Pope, Esq., LED., "Secretary, Board of School Trustees.
" Superintendent of Education,  Victoria, B. C."
Statement for the Year  ending  June 30th,  1893.
Names of School Buildings.
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3,600
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3,800
250
High School    	
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"Nanaimo, B. G, July 16th, 1893.
" S. Gough,
"Secretary, Board of School Trustees." 52G Public Schools Report. 1893
City of New Westminster.
Board of School Trustees :
James Cunningham, Esq.,  Chairman, J. B. Kennedy, Esq.,
B. W. Slides, Esq., John MeKenzie Esq.,
G. W. Boggs, Esq., M. D., Russell Smither, Esq.,
F. W. Howay, Esq., Secretary.
"New Westminster, B. C, July 15th, 1893.
" Sir,—The Board of School Trustees of the City of New Westminster beg leave to
report as follows for the school-year ending June 30th, 1893.
" The Board during the past year has held sixteen meetings.
" The attendance at the Westside School has been continually increasing during the past
year, in spite of the removal of some of the larger pupils to the Central School, so that the
Board found it necessary to appoint a Monitor. Miss Jane McMartin was selected for the
position. For a Monitor's room the Board succeeded in renting a small cottage close to the
school ground. The grounds have been considerably improved during the year, but are far
too small for the large number of pupils attending, and the Board has placed a sum of $3,000
in the estimates for the purchase of a new site, and negotiations are now pending for the purchase of the same.
" The lower divisions of the Central Boys' and Girls' school becoming over-crowded, a
number of the smaller pupils were formed into a fifth division of the Boys' School, and Miss
Editli E. Robinson placed in charge.
" The heating apparatus of the new Central brick School seemed to be unable to cope
with the severe cold of last winter, and the schools were closed for a considerable time. The
Board has this summer purchased a new boiler and a number of new radiators, and are having
the whole system inspected and altered. It is hoped that it will in the future prove satisfactory.
" Diphtheria having broken out in the Central and Westside schools, the Board closed
the same early in June. Consequently no public midsummer examinations were held. The
promotion examinations in the Central School were not completed at the time the schools
were closed, and at the request of the Principals the Board obtained power to open the schools
on August 1st.
" The school grounds surrounding the Central School have been improved by planting a
second row of shade trees. The old Central School building has been given a thorough coat
of kalsomine and presents a very neat and tidy appearance.
" In Sapperton School the Trustees thought it desirable to form a division under the
charge of a Monitor, and accordingly the smaller children were placed under the charge of
Miss Belle Dixon.
" I have, &c,
"F. W. Ho way,
" Secretary, Board of School Trustees.
"S. D. Pope, Esq., LL.D.,
"Superintendent of Education,
" Victoria, B. C" 57 Vict.
Public Schools Report.
527
Statement for the Year   ending June 30tii,  1893.
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Central (2 buildings—addition
\
of four rooms, 1888)	
1882
Wood
8!
Reserve of 6
New School	
1891
Brick
8j
acres.
\ $4,500
820,000
$30,000
$54,500
1890
Wood
4
/
Westside	
1889
Wood
2
•2 lots—100 x
100 feet.
)
Small cottage close  to  school
grounds   rented for   use   of
Monitor.
" New Westminster, July 15th, 1893.
" S. W. Howay,
" Secretary, Board of School Trustees
City of Vancouver.
Board of School Trustees :
G. I. Wilson, Esq., Chairman,
A. H. B   Macgowan, Esq., Secretary,
William Templeton, Esq.,
William Brown, Esq.,
Henry Collins, Esq.,
G. R. Gordon, Esq.
Vancouver, B. G, October 16th, 1893.
" Sir,—I enclose a memo, of estimated values of school properties, varying very little
from last year. It certainly is not changed any further than that the buildings are now all
completed and all occupied.
"The Board of School Trustees has met regularly during the year ; a very considerable
number of special meetings have been found necessary. Our fine school buildings are visited
by many, and those who see them are loud in their praises of what has been done in educational matters in this comparatively new town. While all our schools seem to be working
well, I would call particular attention to the High School, which is in the hands of an able
staff, as follows, who teach the subjects named :
" Alexander Robinson, B. A., Principal, English Language and Literature.
"James C. Shaw, A. M , Classics and Ancient History.
" John H. Kerr, B. A., Junior Mathematics and Commercial Branches.
" Geo. E. Robinson, B. A., Senior Mathematics.
"Joseph K. Harvey, B. A., Junior Classics and English.
" We feel well satisfied that this school must become a great benefit to any in the Province seeking an advanced education, who but avail themselves of its advantages.
" I have, &c,
" A. H. B. Macgowan,
" S. D. Pope, Esq., TjL.D., " Secretary, Board of School Trustees.
"Superintendent of Education, Victoria, B. C." 52S
Public Schools Report.
1893
"Memo, of expenditures during the year 1st July, 1892, to 30th June, 1893, on Schools
in Vancouver :—
High School—Property account    $10,717  35
Incidentals  818  65
     $41,536 00
Central n       Property account        6,307  30
Incidentals         1,000 35
 7,307 65
East End n       Property account        1,313  19
Incidentals     868 22
  2,181  41
East End Br. n       Property account  813  14
Incidentals  426  36
 1,239 50
West End       n        Property account      49,238 60
Incidentals  927 34
        50,165 94
Mt. Pleasant n      Property account      37,799 52
Incidentals           1,203 56
        39,003 08
Miscellaneous n       Property account        4,549 40
Incidentals  740  12
 5,289 52
$146,723 10
Statement for the Year   ending  June 30th,  1893.
Names of School Buildings.
[3
CD
ce
5
o
|
3
o
J do
CD    B
AXI
5 S
%
8
8
S
8
4
8
3
o
o
CD    CO
°   O
$ &
200x250 feet.
250x265    „
800x264   „
950x264   „
264x122   „
400x264   i,
175x150   „
520x264   „
Estimated value of
School furniture
'and apparatus.
O
> o
£ J2
4-H
°    CO
cd so
S, c
> —
CD.S
+3  ,
g 2
'■+= 'O
™ rr.
CD
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>
CD
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eg
£
'+3
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CD
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C
H
High	
Central	
East	
1892
1889
1890
1892
1888
1892
1888
Briek
11
Wood
Brick
Wood
$2,000
1,800
1,800
1,800
$10,000
32,000
26,000
27,000
6,000
10,000
4,000
18,000
$30,000
25,000
25,000
30,000
4,000
30,000
2,500
$48,000
58,800
52,S00
58,800
West—old              	
10,000
1,800
41,800
6,500
18,000
$9,200
$139,000
$146,500
$294,700
" Vancouver, October 8th, 1893."
"A. H. B. Macgowan,
: Secretary, Board of School Trustees. 57 Vict. Public Schools Report. 529
City of Victoria.
Board of School Trustees :
Charles Hay ward, Esq., Chairman, term expires January, 1895.
Henry Saunders, Esq., n                               n
J. B. Lovell, Esq, .1                             u
James Stuart Yates, Esq., n January, 1894.
Caleb Bishop, Esq, 11                               11
William Marchant, Esq., u                             n
B. Williams, Esq., Secretary.
"Victoria, B. C, July, 15th, 1893.
" Sir,—I have the honour herewith to submit the report of the Board of School Trustees
of Victoria for the school-year ending the 30th June, 1893 :—
"In January last, it having been recommended by the retiring Board of Trustees that
something should be done to relieve the overcrowded state of the Central School, a contract
was awarded by the Board for fitting up the Central School gymnasium as temporary quarters
for four classes, since designated the Branch Central School. This arrangement being carried
out has had the effect of relieving for a time the congested state of the more overcrowded of
the Central School divisions. In February the Board, recognizing the fact that the school
accomodation of Victoria was not nearly sufficient to meet the demands made upon it,
forwarded to the City authorities an estimate of the amount needed for the purchase of school
sites and for the erection of modern school buildings thereon. The City Council submitted to
the popular vote an Educational By-law, which became law in June last, and provided the
Board with the means to erect and complete the school buildings now in course of construction. In May the Board decided to enlarge the Spring Ridge Ward School by the addition of a
class-room. This work was completed at a cost of $610.00 in time for the commencement of
the Fall term. In this month also it was decided to call for competitive plans for two new
school buildings to be erected under conditions laid down by the Board upon sites to be
selected at a future date. As, however, this matter, as well as that of the selection of the
sites, was not settled until after the date upon which the year under consideration expires, the
report thereon will form subject matter for the annual statement for the year ending the 30th
June, 1894. The Board has during the past year received petitions numerously signed from
the residents of the Oakland Estate and from those of the Foul Bay District, praying that
school-houses be erected in these localities, but from the lack of funds and from the. fact that it
was deemed advisable to ascertain in what measure the proposed new schools would render
these unnecessary the petitions were allowed to lie over.
" The expenditure for the year was as follows, the accounts being paid by drafts upon the
City Treasurer, signed on behalf of the Board of Trustees by the Chairman, Secretary, and one
member of the Finance Committee :—
Alterations and repairs to school buildings  $3,072 47
School furniture  704 20
Janitors' salaries  1,700 00
Fuel .'  804 25
Fire insurance  40 00
Printing and advertising  212 00
Secretary, salary and office requisites  351  60
Stationery and supplies  101  35
Sundry expenses  470 80
Total $7,456 67
"S. D. Pope, LED., "I have, &c,
'' Superintendent of Education, " B. Williams,
" Province of British Columbia." " Secretary, Board of School Trustees, 530
Public Schools Report.
1893
Statement for the Year  ending  June 30th, 1893.
Names of School Buildings.
Central	
High	
Girls' (wing added 1888)	
James Bay Ward (addition, '89)
Hillside Ward,
Rook Bay Ward, „
Spring Ridge Ward,    „ '89, '93
Victoria West, n '89
Central Branch (converted from
Gymnasium	
03
S
o
o
CD
.5 sb
e3
a  a
a
03
(3
CD   3
ri
A
-:,-=
03
Is
ti -I
3-8
£
o
)
1875
Brick
1882
tl
22
1885
11
J
1883
Wood
3
1S84
ii
3
1886
H
2
1887
«
4
1888
-
4
1893
ii
4
c;  00
=°1
7.7 acres.
120x120 feet.
100x133    1,
120x120    „
135x119    ,1
1 acre 	
Cen. grounds
cs -a -"=
> F P
*c 3 a
CD ■»-(   P.
I 8 ?
.S — "O
$5,500
750
750
500
1,000
1,000
1,000
$10,500
GQ
0)  rP
Is 3
bD
0)
18 "5
82,000
3,000
1,900
1,800
2,100
3,000
$94,000
CD   SO
■tSTS
$54,000
4,500
4,000
3,200
5,250
5,000
2,500
$78,450
H
$141,500
8,450
6,650
5,500
8,350
9,000
3,500
$182,950
" Victoria, August 30th, 1893:
"B. Williams,
" Secretary, Board of School Trustees. 57 Vict. Public Schools Report. 531
SPECIAL REPORTS ON SCHOOLS.
In order to give statistical information on the schools in a form that will be most readily
understood, it has been deemed best to furnish special reports in the following order :—
A.—High Schools.
B.—Graded Schools.
C.—Rural Schools.
Special Reports on High Schools.
Nanaimo High School.
Principal, W'alter Hunter, B.A., B.C.L.
Salary, $115 per month.
Examined, December 5th, 1892.
May 29th, 30th, 31st, June 1st, 1893.
Enrolled during the year, 39.
Average monthly attendance, 28.
Average actual daily attendance, 23.37.
The following is taken from the Report of the Principal:—
" This school has suffered during the past year owing to the lack of a properly ventilated
school-room.
" The action of the present School Board in erecting a large and well ventilated room for
our use enables us to enter upon the new year with brighter prospects than ever.
"There are no complaints to make, but rather praises to record regarding the conduct of
the pupils.
" Their diligence in the prosecution of their studies under difficulties and their good
conduct are all the more noteworthy when we think of the place in which they were compelled
to study during the latter portion of the year.
" Caroline Maude Edwards ranked head of the school at the midsummer examination and
was awarded the Governor-General's medal.
"There were four applicants for certificates at the Teachers' Examination, and it is
gratifying to be able to state that all were successful." 532
Public Schools Report.
1893
statement of attendance at this school since its establishment may
the  Midsummer and Christmas
The annexed  tabular
be found of interest.
The names of those who stood head  of the school at
Examinations held since its commencement are also given.
Males
enrolled.
Females
enrolled.
Total
enrolment
Average
daily
attendance
Head of School.
Year.
Christmas.
Midsummer.
1885-86
6
8
9
13
17
18
16
14
6
13
16
17
20
19
21
25
12
21
25
30
37
37
37
39
11.52
14.15
15.86
17.57
21.99
19.94
20.02
23.37
James A. W. Bell.
1886-87
1887-88
1888-89
1889-90
1S90-91
1891-92
James A. W. Bell	
James Galloway	
James Galloway	
Herbert D. R. Stewart.
Herbert D. R. Stewart.
James Galloway.
James Galloway.
Herbert D. R. Stewart.
Christina Agnes Duncan
Watson Dykes,
1892 93
At the Midsummer Examination, 1893, Miss Caroline M. Edwards, having obtained the
highest number of marks, was awarded the Bronze Medal presented by His Excellency the
Governor-General for competition among the pupils of this school.
New Westminster High School.
Principal, Hector M. Stramberg, B. A.
Salary, $120 per month.
Assistant, Robert Law, B. A., Ph. B.
Salary, $100 per month.
Examined, December 5th, 1892.
May 29th, 30th, 31st, June 1st and 2nd, 1893.
Enrolled during the year, 67
Average monthly attendance, 50.
Average actual daily attendance, 42.62.
The following is taken from lite Report of the Principal:—
" On a review of the work done, I am pleased to be able to say that the progress has been
highly satisfactory. Only one year in the history of the school can furnish a record of greater
advancement made by those in daily attendance.
" Last winter, the apparatus for heating our rooms proved again defective. On several
occasions, the scholars had to be dismissed before the time authorized for closing, and during
the extremely cold weather in mid-winter, the school was not in session for several days." 57 Vict.
Public Schools Report.
533
The annexed tabular statement of attendance at this school since its establishment may
be found of interest.
The names of those who stood at the head of the school at the Midsummer and Christmas
Examinations held since its commencement are also given.
Males
enrolled.
Females
enrolled.
Tot il
enrolment
Average
daily
attendance
Head o
School.
\ear.
Christmas.
Midsummer.
1S84-85
1885-86
1886-87
1887 88
21
20
16
20
17
25
27
32
36
19
25
22
28
16
22
24
29
31
40
40
3S
48
33
47
51
61
67
21.77
25.00
19.25
22.75
20.86
24.96
27.50
46.51
42.62
Thomas R. E. Mclnnes.
Bertha Grant	
Richard McBride
Frederic Wm. Howay.
Richard McBride.
James Rankin.
1888-S9
1889-90
1S90-91
1891-92
1892-93
James Rankin	
Arthur M. Whiteside..
Margaret F. Homer.
Margaret F. Homer.
Arthur M. Whiteside.
Mabel Lucy Calhoun.
Leonora E. Hughes.
At the Midsummer Examination, 1893, Miss Leonora E. Hughes was awarded the Bronze
Medal, presented by His Excellency the Governor-General for competition among the pupils of
this school.
Vancouver High School.
Principal, Alexander Robinson, B. A.
Salary, $120 per month.
1st Assistant,  John  H.  Secord, B. A.,   until  June 30th,  1893 ; present  1st Assistant,
James C. Shaw, B. A.
Salary, $100 per month.
2nd Assistant, John H. Kerr, B. A.
Salary, $90 per month.
Examined, December 2nd, 1892.
' May 29th, 30th, 31st, June 1st and 2nd, 1893.
Enrolled during the year, 96.
Average monthly attendance, 74.
Average actual daily attendance, 64.34.
The following is taken from the Report of the Principal :—
"The progress of this school has been very satisfactory. Early in the academic year, Mr.
Secord was compelled, owing to failing health, to resign the position of 1st Assistant. Mr.
Shaw, a distinguished graduate of Dalhousie and Harvard Universities, was appointed to
succeed him. About the same time, also, Mr. Kerr, of Toronto University, received the
appointment of 2nd Assistant. With a staff of five teachers and a splendidly equipped High
School building, the outlook for this institution is most hopeful.
" Too much praise cannot be given the Vancouver Board of School Trustees for the
manner in which they have met the educational wants of this city. Three years ago, on my
assuming the Principalship of the Public Schools of Vancouver, the teaching staff numbered
17 ; whereas, so rapid has been the growth of this city, a staff of 41 is barely sufficient to
meet present requirements," 534
Public Schools Report.
1893
The annexed tabular statement of attendance at this school since its establishment may
be found of interest.
The names of those who stood head of the school at the Midsummer Examinations held
since its commencement are also given.
Males
enrolled.
Females
enrolled.
Total
enrolment
Average
daily
attendance
Head of School.
Year.
Midsummer.
18S9-90
1890-91
1891-92
1892-93
10
13
18
31
21
29
54
65
31
42
72
96
24.67
24.36
42.87
64.34
Catherine A. Barnes.
Florence E. Morrison.
Florence E. Morrison.
Ellen C. Bennett.
Victoria High School.
Principal, Edward B. Paul, M. A.
Salary, $125 per month.
1st Assistant, R. Offerhaus, until June 7th, 1893 ; present 1st Assistant, Miss Agnes D.
Cameron.
Salary, $100 per month.
2nd Assistant, Miss Agnes D. Cameron, until June  30th, 1893 ; present  2nd  Assistant,
Albert J. Pineo, B. A.
Salary, $90 per month.
3rd Assistant, John P. Smith, until June 30th, 1893.
Examined, December 8th, 1892.
May 29th, 30th, 31st, June 1st and 2nd, 1893.
Enrolled during the year, 131.
Average monthly attendance, 93.
Average actual daily attendance, 82.69.
This school is at present in charge of a Principal and two Assistants.
The following is taken from the Report of the Principal :-
" The attendance during the year has been good; the pupils have been fairly punctual,
and their progress satisfactory. The conduct of the scholars has been on the whole good, and
it is a gratifying fact that I have no case of suspension or expulsion to report, while the cases
of corporal punishment have been few.    No truancy has been reported.
" With respect to the subjects studied in the High School, I would suggest that, as the
time spent there by each pupil is short, the studies of French and Botany should commence in
the lowest division. Such an arrangement, while not interfering much with other subjects,
and not materially increasing the work of the pupils, would ensure a tolerably accurate knowledge of those subjects, and not a smattering, which is all they can be expected to pick up in
a year or so.
" The accommodation of the High School building is, as you are aware, very poor. The
class-rooms are fairly good, with the exception of the one occupied last term by the 2nd
division, which, during the exceptionally cold weather that we experienced at the commencement of this year, was almost unfit for occupancy." 57 Vict.
Public Schools Report.
535
From the following tabular statement of attendance at this school since its establishment,
an accurate idea of the number of pupils who have therein received instruction in the different
branches of a higher education may be obtained.
The names of those who stood head of the school at the Midsummer and Christmas
Examinations held since its commencement are also given.
Head of School.
Males
enrolled.
Females
enrolled.
Total
enrolment
Average
daily
attendance
Year.
Christmas.
Midsummer.
1876-77
43
17
60
49.00
John C. Newbury	
John C. Newbury.
1S77-78
47
14
61
50.15
Thomas Baker	
No examination.
1878-79
54
22
76
43.62
Thomas Baker	
Herbert C. Carey.
1879-80
51
31
82
54.69
Herbert C. Carey	
Charles Hayward.
1880-81
37
39
76
52.75
Charles Hay ward	
J. B. Carniiehael.
1881-82
39
35
74
45.07
Charles Gardiner  	
Wm. W. Halliday.
1882-83
34
27
61
38.00
R. Clayton Fawcett .. .
Samuel Sehultz.
1883-84
45
39
84
56.63
Christina Forrest	
Christina Forrest.
1884-85
37
57
94
56.34
Abbie F. Gardiner ....
Abbie F. Gardiner.
1885-86
47
58
105
64.27
W. F. Carev Pope	
John C. Boyd.
1886-87
44
63
107
69.87
Arthur E. Haynes	
Arthur E. Haynes.
1887-88
49
71
120
67.00
Francis B. Gibbs	
Francis B. Gibbs.
18S8-S9
57
67
124
74.08
Jeannettc Mebius	
Jeannette Mebius.
1889-90
59
70
129
78.39
Ernest Arthur Powell..
Ernest Arthur Powell.
1890-91
55
71
126
82.67
Francis John Nicholson.
1891-92
59
83
142
95.13
Pauline Frank.
1892-93
58
73
131
82.69
Miriam Frank.
The Silver Medal, annually donated by his Excellency the Governor-General for competition among the pupils of this school, was awarded to Miss Miriam Frank at the Midsummer
Examination, 1893.
High Schools.
The first High School established in the Province was opened in Victoria in August,
1876. During that year, it had an enrolment of sixty pupils. At the present time there are
one hundred and eighteen pupils in attendance, under the charge of three teachers.
The second High School was opened in New Westminster in August, 1884. The whole
number of pupils attending during the first year was forty. This school, at the present
writing, is under the charge of two teachers, with fifty-four pupils on the registers.
In May, 1886, a High School was established in Nanaimo, but as the school was in
operation not quite two months prior to the summer vacation, the number of pupils enrolled
during that short period was only twelve. Thus far during the present school-year, thirty-
seven pupils are enrolled. The average attendance has not as yet demanded the appointment
of an assistant teacher.
A High School was opened in Vancouver in January, 1890, and during the first session
forty-two pupils were in attendance. At the present time, this school is under the charge of
five teachers, with one hundred and seven pupils on the registers.
It will thus be observed that there are three hundred and sixteen pupils attending these
the four highest public institutions of learning in the Province.
Although authority has been vested for some years in the Boards of Trustees having
control of these schools to exact fees from pupils attending them, yet up to the present time
each school has been free to all, who, having passed the required entrance examination, desire
to take a course of instruction in the more advanced branches, of study. 536 Public Schools Report. 1893
The High Schools, at present, form the apex of our school system, and, each year, give
good evidence of satisfactory work.
Of those whose judgment has any weight in forming public opinion, there are scarcely
any who doubt the propriety and even the necessity of providing from the public funds a free
education in elementary branches. There are a few, however, who object to the giving of free
instruction in the secondary or more advanced branches. Schools, like other institutions,
should be judged by their results. It can certainly be shown that the educational interests of
the Province have been directly benefited by these higher institutions of learning. Each year
pupils leave these schools to enter upon the active duties of life, and by the instruction
received in them, are better and more practically prepared for the calling of their choice,
whether they follow agricultural, mechanical, mercantile, or professional pursuits.
At each annual examination of candidates for certificates of qualification to teach, held
since 1876, pupils from these schools have been successful. It is indeed creditable to out
High Schools that a considerable number of their pupils have obtained the highest- that is,
first-class—certificates, and also that many have succeeded in the next grades.
Of the two hundred and seventy-five teachers now employed in the schools, over one
hundred have received instruction in these schools. Hence, the usefulness of these secondary
institutions of learning must be apparent. The past history of our High Schools shows
that they have been of incalculable benefit to the Province 57 Vict.
Public Schools Report.
537
Special Report* on Graded Schools.
ATTENDANCE AT GRADED SCHOOLS
from 1872 to 1893, inclusive.
The following tabular exhibits of attendance at the Public Schools in the Cities of
Nanaimo, New Westminster, Vancouver, and Victoria, as well as at the Graded Schools in
Wellington, Kamloops, and Northfield, will doubtless prove of general interest:—
Nanaimo.
Year.
Total number of
pupils enrolled.
Boys.
Girls.
Average daily
attendance.
1872-73
No returns.
1873-74
125
59
66
81
1874-75
153
75
78
112
1875-76
147
83
64
105
1876-77
184
93
91
112.50
1877-78
248
133
115
154
1878-79
241
135
106
136.89
1879-80
228
121
107
131.87
1880 81
265
148
117
136.95
1881-82
238
131
107
118.73
1882-8.'!
210
131
79
108.03
1883-84
374
224
150
192.53
1884-85
322
175
147
180.54
1885-86
368
187
181
226.21
1886-87
414
209
205
244.93
1887-SS
455
218
237
246.35
1888-89
490
236
254
229.54
1889-90
57li
286
290
294.63
1890-91
682
342
340
372.40
1891-92
779
383
396
479.94
1892-93
793
365
428
480.77
New Westminstf.r.
Year.
Total number of
pupils enrolled.
Boys.
Girls.
Average daily
attendance.
1872-73
No returns.
1873-74
87
50
37
73
1874-75
65
32
33
37
1875-76
101
63
38
65
1876-77
121
73
48
67.25
1877-78
132
IO
57
90
1878-79
200
102
98
99.03
1879-80
204
115
89
109.53
1880-81
202
110
86
103.63
1881-82
212
131
81
97.29
1882-83
255
150
105
121
1883-84
287
168
119
129.27
1884-85
329
184
145
151 19
1885-86
353
192
161
187.49
1886-87
444
230
214
212.43
1887-88
447
235
212
262.27
1888-89
448
233
215
262.32
1S89-90
673
348
325
348.89
1890-91
847
426
421
426.28
1891-92
964
499
465
604.65
1892-93
934
475
459
670.45 538
Public Schools Report.
1893
Vancouver.
Total number
Average
Year.
of
pupils enrolled.
Boys.
Girls.
daily
attendance.
1886-87
24S
138
110
168.40
1887-88
642
333
309
238.19
1888-89
1024
533
491
537.69
1889-90
1465
720
745
817.84
1890-91
1748
840
908
1011.09
1891-92
2004
962
1042
1168.34
1892-93
2175
1010
1165
1542.56
Victoria.
Total number
Average
Year.
of
Bovs.
Girls.
daily
pupils enrolled.
attendance.
1872-73
No returns.
1873-74
346
176
170
113.50
1874-75
465
Not given.
Not given.
272
1875-76
545
Not given.
Not given.
302
1876-77
617
366
251
374
1877-78
734
455
279
450.15
1878-79
726
395
331
398.99
1879-80
790
436
354
398.78
1880-81
720
391
329
410.09
1881-82
765
440
325
433.45
1882-83
770
423
347
414.55
1883^84
1012
579
433
679.65
1884-85
1343
702
641
710.70
1885-86
1427
789
638
807.10
1886-87
1437
794
643
894.29
1887-88
1539
801
738
917.39
1888-89
1623
839
784
996.11
1889-90
1896
995
901
1096.23
1890-91
2100
1088
1012
12S4.68
1891-92
2449
1246
1203
1528.02
1892-93
2427
1244
1183
1636.27 57 Vict.
Public Schools Report.
539
Wellington.
Total number
Average
Year.
of
pupils enrolled.
Boys.
Girls.
daily
attendance.
1874-75
34
14
20
24.75
1875-76
46
13
33
23.33
1876-77
53
19
34
23.78
1877-78
44
18
26
38.00
1S78-79
50
25
25
29.82
1879-80
79
40
39
37.14
18S0-81
S9
52
37
42.50
1881-82
123
66
57
52.61
1882-83
146
90
56
73.70
1883-84
156
87
69
55.85
1884-85
142
70
66
73.26
1885-86
135
79
56
77.66
1886-87
151
78
73
79.34
1887-88
179
87
92
75.43
1888-89
227
103
124
100.38
1889-90
283
135
148
127.61
1890-91
234
118
116
113.86
1891-92
331
172
159
167.56
1892-93
292
148
144
155.14
Kamloops.
Total number
Average
Year.
of
pupils enrolled.
Boys.
Girls.
daily
attendance.
1887-88
110
01
49
44.27
1888-89
113
70
43
49.92
1889-90
121
75
46
64.39
1890-91
118
70
48
86.29
1891-92
109
59
50
68.79
1892-93
113
62
51
59.35
Northfield.
Year.
Total number
of
pupils enrolled.
Boys.
Girls.
Average
daily
attendance.
1892-93
239
114
125
120.39 540
Public Schools Report.
1893
THE   FOLLOWING  GRADED   SCHOOLS WERE   IN   OPERATION   DURING
THE   YEAR:—
Schools.
Kamloops	
Nanaimo—Boys'	
do       Girls'	
New Westminster—Boys'
do Girls'
do Sapperton
do Westside.
Northfield	
Vancouver—Central	
do East	
do East Branch	
do West	
do Mt.  Pleasant....
Victoria—Boys'	
do      GlrU'	
do      Central Branch....
do       West	
Wellington	
Number
of grades.
Percentage
of regular
attendance.
52.52
60.99
59.71
70.84
74.92
81.68
65.38
50.37
62.31
68.65
67.62
81.69
75.88
73.45
72.50
78.41
61.92
53.13
In order to secure greater uniformity in the management of Graded Schools, the following
additional regulations have been prescribed by the Council of Public Instruction :—
The Principal shall prepare the Limit Table for each division of his school, and must
forward a copy of the same to the Education Department for approval.
Semi-annual written examinations for making promotions shall be held in the different
divisions of each graded school.
The Principal shall prepare the questions for these examinations, and shall fix the time
of holding the same, but the promotion lists must be read on the date on which each public
examination of the school is held.
As it is not deemed proper to place too great reliance upon a single written examination,
the Principal shall consult the assistant teacher of each division in preparing the promotion
list. The assistant's recommendation, based upon record kept as to progress and standing of
pupils claimed to be worthy of promotion, should be accorded proper consideration.
A copy of all questions set for each promotion examination, together with a statement of
the results of the examination of each division (on blanks supplied by the Department for
that purpose), must forthwith be forwarded to the Education Department. 57 Vict. Public Schools Report. 541
Kamloops.
Principal, E. Stuart Wood.
Salary, $85 per month.
Assistant, Miss J. M. H. Pope, until June 30th, 1S93; present Assistant, James R.
McLeod.
Salary, $60 per month.
Monitor, Miss Deborah E. Matthews.
Salary, $40 per month.
Examined, September 2nd and 5th, 1892 ; present 32 boys, 21 girls ; total, 53.
Inspected, September 19th, 1892 ; present, 33 boys, 18 girls; total, 51.
Enrolled during the year, 62 boys, 51 girls ; total, 113.
Average monthly attendance, 72.
Average actual daily attendance, 59.35.
Expenditure, $2,340.
At an examination held September 2nd and 5th, 1892, Miss Edith A. Thexton and Master Arthur 0. Cochrane, pupils of this school, passed the standard required for admission to a
High School.
The following is taken from tite Report of the Principal:—
" The average has been satisfactory in so far as it was possible for pupils to attend, but
as usual, there were circumstances, such as removals, &c, which greatly lowered the percentage of regularity.
" The prospects for the coming year are very encouraging and a satisfactory record is
confidently expected.
" In addition to those who passed the entrance examination, Miss Ellen I. Goddard was
awarded a third-class teacher's certificate at the recent examination."
Nanaimo.
Boys' School.
Principal, John Shaw.
Salary, $100 per month.
1st Assistant, James A. Galloway.
Salary, $75 per month.
2nd Assistant, Miss Flora E. Hartt.
Salary, $60 per month.
3rd Assistant, Miss Christina Pool.
Salary, $50 per month.
Examined, December 6th and 7th, 1892.
June 1st and 2nd, 1893.
Enrolled during the year, 242.
Average monthly attendance, 175.
Average actual daily attendance, 147.60.
At the Christmas  Examination, 1892, the following  passed  the  standard  required for
admission to a High School: —
Thomas B. Booth,
Waddington Hilbert,
George S. Pearson,
Eben H. MeKenzie.
At the Midsummer Examination, 1893, the following obtained the percentage required
for admission to a High School :—
John T. Cowie,
Colin C. MeKenzie,
Mark H. Morgan,
Francis W. Young. 542 Public Schools Report. 1893
The following is taken from the Report of the Principal:—
" Since my last report the two Ward schools have been completed, thus allowing the divisions of our School to be in one building, instead of being in different parts of the City, as it
was last year. This change has added greatly to our convenience, and also enabled us to
adopt a better system of classification amongst the junior pupils.
" The schools were closed for a few weeks during the month of February, owing to the
inclemency of the weather, and of late our ranks have been temporarily thinned by sickness,
but in the face of these obstacles I think we have made fair progress, as the following promotion list will show : from 4th to 3rd division, seventeen ; from 3rd to 2nd, fourteen ; from
2nd to 1st, sixteen, and from 1st to High School, eight.
" The great inducements held out to boys of thirteen to fifteen years of age to work in
the coal mines naturally draw a large number from the school every year, and place the
senior divisions at a great disadvantage. You will notice, by the list of pupils, that quite a
number of the boys of the age above mentioned have gone to work, thus carrying off the
material that should s;o to the High School."
Girls' School.
Principal, Miss Maria Lawson.
Salary, $80 per month.
1st Assistant, Miss Lucy A. Mebius.
Salary, $65 per month.
2nd Assistant, Miss Isabel Brown.
Salary, $55 per month.
3rd Assistant, Miss Mary P. Haarer.
Salary, $50 per month.
Examined, December 6th and 7th, 1892.
June 1st and 2nd, 1893.
Enrolled during the year, 283.
Average monthly attendance, 204.
Average actual daily attendance, 168.99.
At the Christmas Examination, 1892, the following obtained the percentage required for
admission to a High School:—
Emily Raper,
Mary McKeen,
Maude McGregor,
Emmeline Pearce.
At the Midsummer  Examination, 1893, the following passed the  standard  required for
admission to a High School :—
Margaret J. Brown,
Margaret McRae.
The following is taken from the Report of the Principal:—
" The teachers of the school have all worked hard and have the satisfaction of knowing
that they have gained the approval of the Trustees. The opening of Harewood and North
Nanaimo schools, and the appointment of two additional teachers for the Ward schools, have
relieved the over-crowding of our school, though, as you will see, we have still as many
scholars as we can do justice to.
" It has seemed advisable to the teachers of Nanaimo to raise the limit required for passing
the grading examinations. This was done in order to give the Ward schools their fair
share of work and so prevent the over-crowding of the Central schools. This accounts for the
fact that there have been fewer promotions this term than last. We hope, however, that the
change will add to the efficiency of the schools." 57 Vict. Public Schools Report. 543
North Ward School.
Teacher, Miss Kate Hilbert, until December 31st,   1892;  present  teacher  Miss  Marion
Gordon.
Salary, $60 per month.
Assistant, Miss Kate Hilbert.
Salary, $60 per month until June 30th, 1893.
Inspected, September 26th, 1892.
December 6th, 1892.
April 20th, 1893.
May 29th, 1893.
Enrolled during the year, 93.
Average monthly attendance, 83.
Average actual daily attendance, 54.75.
South Ward School.
Teacher, Miss Christina A. Duncan.
Salary, $60 per month.
Assistant, Miss Sarah Marshall.
Salary, $50 per month.
Inspected, September 27th, 1892.
December 6th, 1892.
April 20th, 1893.
May 31st, 1893.
Enrolled during the year, 136.
Average monthly attendance, 110.
Average actual daily attendance, 86.06.
Northfield.
Principal, Miss Josephine A. L. Dougherty, until June 30th, 1893; present Principal,
James E. Norcross.
Salary, $70 per month.
1st Assistant, Miss Mary J. Blake, until June 30th, 1893 ; Miss Jessie M. Elsden, until
September 30th, 1893 ; present 1st Assistant, Miss Rebecca Tanner.
Salary, $55 per month.
2nd Assistant Miss Mary J. Blake, until October 31st, 1892; Miss Jessie M. Elsden,
until June 30th, 1893; Miss Rebecca Tanner, until September 30th, 1893; present 2nd
Assistant, Miss Frances G. Walker.
Salary, $50 per month.
Monitor, Miss Jessie M. Elsden, until October 31st, 1892; Miss Rebecca Tanner, until
June 30th, 1893; present Monitor, Miss Maud M. R. Walker.
Salary, $40 per month.
Inspected, October 10th, 1892; present, 65 boys, 65 girls; total, 130.
October 13th, 1892; present, 61 boys, 62 girls; total, 123.
December 19th, 1892; present, 67 boys, 65 girls; total, 132.
April 19th, 1893; present, 50 boys, 64 girls ; total, 114.
Enrolled during the year, 114 boys, 125 girls ; total, 239.
Average monthly attendance, 177.
Average actual daily attendance, 120.39.
Expenditure, $2,459.33. 544 Public Schools Report. 1893
The following is taken from the Report of the Principal:—
" At the beginning of the school-year the school was closed for several weeks on account
of the prevalence of a contagious disease. When the school re-opened the rooms were overcrowded, and in November a 2nd Assistant was added to the teaching staff.
" One of the greatest difficulties the teachers had to contend with was tardiness, but
owing to the energetic efforts put forth a marked improvement has been made."
New Westminster.
Boys' School.
Principal, William C. Coatham.
Salary, $100 per month.
1st Assistant, Robert G. Gordon.
Salary, $75 per month.
2nd Assistant, Frank E. Morrison.
Salary, $60 per month.
3rd Assistant, Miss Melrose Dockrill.
Salary, $55 per month until June 30th, 1893.
4th Assistant,  Miss Archena J. McDougall.
Salary, $50 per month.
5th Asistant,   Miss  Edith  E.   Robinson,   until June 30th, 1893; present 5th Assistant,
Miss Mary S. Brown.
Salary, $50 per month.
Examined, December 6th and 7th, 1892.
June 1st and 2nd, 1893.
Enrolled during the year, 336.
Average monthly attendance, 281.
Average actual daily attendance, 238.03.
At the  Christmas  Examination, 1892, the following passed  the  standard  required for
admission to a High School :— -
George S. Howison,
Harry A. Bourne,
David II. Hoy,
John Patterson,
Henry L. Nicholson,
John C. W. Lord.
At the Midsummer Examination, 1893, the followiug obtained the percentage required
for admission to a High School:—
Matthew J. Knight,
Charles E. Osborne,
John Martin,
Hugh A. Youdall,
Frederic A. T. Cliff,
Arthur W. Gray,
Frederic Nash,
Ronald L. Cliff,
Walter F. Edmonds,
Arthur Insley,
Herbert G. Leaf,
Rout Harvey. 57 Vict. Public Schools Report. 545
The following is taken from the Report of the Principal:—
" In January last a 6th Division was added to the Boys' School, relieving the overcrowded
5th Division and permitting an opportunity for more careful teaching.
" On account of the prevalence of diphtheria, it was with much regret that our semi-annual
examinations for June were postponed till the opening of the schools in August.
" In the absence of these returns I am not in a position to speak positively of the results
of this last term, but I can frankly say that I believe the work for the whole year has been
quite on a par with that of any previous year, and my assistants have been both faithful and
courteous in the discharge of their several duties. They are teachers of several years'
experience and show a close application of improved methods and a warm interest in their
pupils.
" Our  grounds have received due attention  from time  to time,   and  have  been  further
adorned by the addition of more shade trees of choice variety."
Girls' School.
Principal, Miss Ellen Rogers.
Salary $80 per month.
1st Assistant, Miss Louisa M. R. Walker, until June 30th, 1893; present 1st Assistant,
Miss Edith E. Robinson.
Salary, $65 per month.
2nd Assistant, Miss Blanche Millard.
Salary, $60 per month.
3rd Assistant, Miss Mary S. Homer until, June 30th, 1893 ; present 3rd Assistant, Miss
Margaret F. Homer.
Salary, $55 per month.
4th Assistant, Miss Margaret F. Homer, until June 30th,  1893 ; present 4th Assistant,
Miss Mary S. Homer.
Salary, $50 per month.
Examined, December 6th and 7th, 1892.
June 1st and 2nd, 1893.
Enrolled during the year, 233.
Average monthly attendance, 200.
Average actual daily attendance, 174.57.
At the Christmas Examination,   1892,  the following passed the standard required for
admission to a High School:—
Grace C. Thornber,
Margaret Abercrombie,
Rosabella J. Lennie,
Ila M. Marshall,
Ellen P. Pride,
Maud A. Calbick,
Grace H. Marshall.
At the Midsummer Examination,  1893, the following obtained the percentage required
for admission to a High School:—
Gertrude E. Robson,
Ada B. King,
Elizabeth D. Gray,
Jeanie Philip,
Velma E. Rowe,
Lulu M. Grant,
Lorne C. Ross. 546 Ppblic Schools Report. 1893
The following is taken from the Report of the Principal:—
" This school was closed for two weeks at the beginning of February, as the furnaces
were not large enough to heat the building in very cold weather.
" On the 3rd of June, the Board of Health ordered that the schools should be closed for
the remainder of the school-year, as there were several cases of diphtheria in the city. Owing
to this fact we were unable to have our usual promotion examinations, and no public examinations were held.
" Very satisfactory work has been done by all my assistants. At Christmas, the work of
the 4th Assistant was lessened by the appointment to the Boys' School of a 5th Assistant,
who took the lowest grade of girls as well as of boys."
Sapperton School.
Teacher, Norton Strople.
Salary, $70 per month.
Assistant, Miss Janet I. Miller.
Salary, $50 per month.
Monitor, Miss Belle Dixon.
Salary, $40 per month.
Inspected, August 22nd, 1892.
October 31st, 1892.   .
May 3rd, 1893.
Visited, December 21st, 1892.
Enrolled during the year, 125.
Average monthly attendance,  110.
Average actual daily attendance, 102.11.
At the Christmas Examination, 1892, Miss Mabel Wood obtained the percentage required
for admission to a High School.
. At the Midsummer Examination, 1893, Master Arthur L. Kendall and Miss Edith Wells
passed the standard required for admission to a High School.
Westside School.
Teacher, Robert J. Hall.
Salary, $60 per month.
Assistant, Mrs. Annie C. McDonald.
Salary, $50 per month.
Monitor, Miss Jennie S. McMartin.
Salary, $40 per month.
Inspected, August 22nd, 1892.
October 31st, 1892.
May 3rd, 1893.
May 31st, 1893.
Enrolled during the year, 173.
Average monthly attendance, 137.
Average actual daily attendance, 113.12. 57 Vict. Public Schools Report. 547
Vancouver.
Central  School.
Principal, Frederick M. Cowperthwaite, B. A.
Salary, $100 per month.
1st Assistant, Gregory H. Tom, until October 10th, 1893; present 1st Assistant, William
B. Burnett, B. A.
Salary, $80 per month.
2nd Assistant, Miss Katharine McDougall, until June 30th, 1893 ; present 2nd Assistant,
Miss Margaret J. Murchie.
Salary, $75 per month.
3rd Assistant, Miss Margaret J. Murchie, until June 30th, 1893 ; present 3rd Assistant,
Miss Emily C. Agnew.
Salary, $70 per month.
4th Assistant, Miss Emily C. Agnew, until June 30th, 1893 ; present 4th Assistant, Miss
Ethel L. Le Page.
Salary, $65 per month.
5th Assistant, Miss Margaret Hartney.
Salary, $60 per month.
6th Assistant, Miss Annie L. Buttimer.
Salary, $55 per month.
7th Assistant, Miss Marion B. Johnstone.
Salary, $50 per month.
Examined, December 6th and 7th, 1892.
June 1st and 2nd, 1893.
Enrolled during the year, 547.
Average monthly attendance, 413.
Average actual daily attendance, 340.88.
At  the  Christmas  Examination,   1892,  the  following  passed   the standard required for
admission to a High School:—
Roy Macgowan, Gladys Whitworth,
William J. Fraser, Albert Scurry,
Malcolm Nicholson, Ethel M. Breeze,
Mary C. Stark, Regina Oppenheimer,
Annie W. McQueen, Catherine M. Miles,
Ethel M. Ogilvie, Jean P. Johnstone,
William P. Mason, Jane Grant,
Alma E. Wood.
At the Midsummer Examination, 1893, the following obtained the percentage required for
admission to a High School:—
Norman Moors, Martha Tiernay,
Minnie E. Burnet, Hugh B. Wilson,
Mary George, Hattie Olmstead,
Edith M. Westcott, Agnes W. Gibb,
Miriam Robinson, John A. Jones,
Annetta E. Morris, Ella B, Campbell,
Clifford Fraser, May J. Cassady,
Whitley Murray, Frederick H. Godfrey,
Floretta McLeod, Jean I. Wilson,'
Robert Telford,
The following is taken from the Report of the Principal:—
"It affords me much pleasure to say that my assistants have been zealous in the discharge
of their duties and that the work done in most of the rooms has been excellent.
" At the beginning of the year two changes were made in the staff—Miss E. C. Agnew
and Miss Buttimer being appointed to the positions of 4th and 6th Assistants, respectively." 548 Public Schools Report. 1893
East School.
Principal, Robert Sparling, until August 31st, 1893; present Principal, Gregory H. Tom.
Salary, $100 per month.
1st Assistant, John McMillan,  B. A.
Salary, $80 per month.
2nd Assistant, James Dougan.
Salary, $75 per month.
3rd Assistant, Miss Catherine A. Barnes.
Salary, $70 per month.
4th Assistant, Miss Bessie Johnston.
Salary, $65 per month until June, 30th, 1893.
5th Assistant, Miss Marie L. Fletcher, until November 11th, 1892; present 5th Assistant,
Miss Minna G. McKay.
Salary, $60 per month until June 30th, 1893.
6th Assistant, Miss Minna G. McKay, until November 11th, 1892; present 6th Assistant,
Miss Mary A. Wintemute. i
Salary, $55 per month until June 30th, 1893.
7th   Assistant,  Miss   Mary   A.  Wrintemute,  until November   11th,   1892; present  7th
Assistant, Miss Hannah Wintemute.
Salary, $50 per month.
Examined, December 6th and 7th, 1892.
June 1st and 2nd, 1893.
Enrolled during the year, 464.
Average monthly attendance, 388.
Average actual daily attendance, 318.54.
At the Christmas Examination,   1892,  the following passed the standard required for
admission to a High School:—
Jemima Reid, Florence M. McAlpine,
Ethel J. Carter, May Henderson,
Elizabeth Brown, Chester Wood,
Alfred E. Foreman, Alice E. Urquhart.
At the Midsummer Examination, 1893, the following obtained the percentage required
for admission to a High School :—
Ernest I. May, Sarah McAlpine,
William J. Janes, Rubina MeKenzie,
Laura McNair, Mary Dixon,
John W. Bovyer, Jessie M. Dixon,
William Clarke.
East Branch School.
Teacher, Miss Marie L. Fletcher.
Salary, $60 per month.
1st Assistant, Miss Ellen Ralph.
Salary, $55 per month.
2nd Assistant, Miss Anna E Fraser.
Salary, $50 per month.
3rd Assistant, Miss Jean W. Black.
Salary, $50 per month.
Inspected, December 20, 1892, and May 5th, 1893.
Enrolled during the year, 219.
Average monthly attendance, 177.
Average actual daily attendance, 148.09. 57 Vict. Public Schools Report. 549
The following is taken from the Report of the Principal:—
"During the first three months of the fall term of 1892 the progress of the school was
much interfered with owing to the crowded condition of several of the divisions. The opening
of the Branch School in November afforded relief. Since then no division has been badly
crowded, and in almost every case exceptionally good work has been done.
"It affords me pleasure to be able to testify in most cases to the high character of work
done and methods of teaching and discipline employed by the assistants.
" In all cases where the teacher took special interest in the work, and had an earnest desire
to improve, commendable progress has been made.
" A greater interest is gradually being taken in the school work by the parents, which has
contributed largely to the success that has been achieved.
" The closing examinations were largely attended, and considerable interest was
noticeable."
West School.
Principal, Thomas A. McGarrigle, B.A.
Salary, $100 per month.
1st Assistant, Robert Fraser.
Salary, $80 per month.
2nd Assistant, Miss Mary L. Harding', until  March  31st,   1893 ; present 2nd Assistant,
Miss Mary M. Chambers, B.A.
Salary, $75 per month.
3rd Assistant, Miss Lena M. Ferguson, until March 31st,  1893; present 3rd Assistant,
Miss Mary L. Harding.
Salary, $70 per month.
4th Assistant, Miss Mary M.  Chambers,  B.A.,  until March  31st,   1893; present 4th
Assistant, Miss Lena M. Ferguson.
Salary, $65 per month.
5th Assistant, Miss E. Murray.
Salary, $60 per month.
6th Assistant, Miss Mary E. Speirs.
Salary, $55 per month.
7th Assistant, Miss Minnie. M. McFarlane.
Salary, $50 jDer month.
Inspected, August 23rd, 1892.
September 20th, 1892.
November 1st, 1892.
May 4th, 1893.
Visited, December 19th, 1892.
Enrolled during the year, 455.
Average monthly attendance, 400.
Average actual daily attendance, 371.73.
The following is taken from the Report of the Principal:—
" The deportment of the scholars has been excellent. We have had few cases of truancy,
thanks to the vigilance of parents and teachers. Want of punctuality in the pupils of the
lower departments has caused their teachers much anxiety. It seems to be impossible to
exact the same degree of punctuality from very young pupils that one might reasonably
demand from older pupils. The school has been wonderfully free from contagious disease,
there having been nothing worse than whooping cough and other childish troubles of a slight
nature. Our new premises, selected with an eye to convenience and picturesque surroundings,
have, at the same time, been constructed on the soundest sanitary principles, and will do
much to increase the effective working of the institution." 550 Public Schools Report. 1893
Mount Pleasant School.
Vice-Principal, George W. Jamieson.
Salary, $90 per month.
1st Assistant, Allan C. Stewart.
Salary, $70 per month.
2nd Assistant, Truman S. Baxter.
Salary, $65 per month.
3rd Assistant, Miss Florence Morrison.
Salary, $60 per month.
4th Assistant, Miss Jessie A. Black.
Salary, $55 per month.
5th Assistant, Miss Una M. Stitt.
Salary, $50 per month.
Inspected, August 23rd, 1892.
September 16th, 1892.
September 23rd, 1892.
May 5th, 1893.
Visited, December 19th, 1892.
Enrolled during the year, 394.
a.
Average monthly attendance, 367
Average actual daily attendance, 298.98.
Victoria.
Boys' School.
Principal, Stephen B. Netherby.
Salary, $100 per month.
1st Assistant, Angus B. McNeill.
Salary, $80 per month.
2nd Assistant, Edward F. Doran.
Salary, $75 per month.
3rd Assistant, Ernest H. Russell, B.A.
Salary, $70 per month.
Monitor of 4th Division, Miss Mina Sanderson, until June 30th, 1893; present Monitor,
Miss Caroline A. Dowler.
Salary, $40 per month.
4th Assistant, Miss Elizabeth E. Sylvester.
Salary, $65 per month.
5th Assistant, Miss Gertrude H. Withrow.
Salary, $60 per month.
6th Assistant, Miss Sarah Kermode.
Salary, $55 per month.
7th Assistant, Miss Grace H. Fawcett.
Salary, $50 per month.
Monitor of 8th Division, Miss Eliza King,
Salary, $40 per month.
Examined, December 6th and 7th, 1892,
June 1st and 2nd, 1893,
Enrolled during the year, 570.
Average monthly attendance, 483.
Average actual daily attendance, 418,69, 57 Vict.
Public Schools Report.
551
At the Christmas  Examination,
admission to a High School:
Ernest E. Blake,
Henry M. Wilson,
John R. B. Anderson,
Stuart H. D. Bayne,
Lachlan McMillan,
Herbert P. Winsby,
Francis A. Thomson,
Eilbeek C. Wilson,
Earl W. Clarke,
At the Midsummer Examination,
for admission to a High School:
1892, the following  passed the  standard  required  for
Edward H. McEwen,
William E. Reynolds.
John W7. Spencer,
Harcourt P. Dickinson,
Charles H. Lowe,
Thomas D. Fawcett,
Alfred S. Huxtable,
Edward H. Griffith,
William A. McKeown,
Robert Jesse.
1893, the following obtained the percentage required
Leonard Spragge,
Bernhard P. Sohwengers,
Christopher J. Loat,
George H. Arthur,
Alexander W. Dow,
Paul H. Renwick,
John A. Worthington,
Linclater G. Marshall,
Edwin S. Tuck,
Walter J. Sheriff,
William J. Beam,
William H.
William W. Wilson.
Charles W. Steers,
Charles T. Revely,
Thomas Kermode,
Arthur Thomas,
Isiclor Cohen,
Walter W. Storey,
Stanley Mc.B. Smith,
Frederick K. Vigor,
Frederick, Nickerson,
John W. Lorimer,
Kinsman.
The following is taken from the Report of the Principal:—
" The high percentage made by the pupils of each division at the written examinations
is a testimony of the excellent work done by the teachers.
" The course of study prescribed by the Education Department has been faithfully
carried out in each division.
" A carefully prepared time-table is followed by each teacher.
" Punctuality in assembling and dismissing has been our watchword.
"Truancy is fast disappearing, but irregularity in attendance still lingers with us to some
extent.
" The evil consequences of irregular attendance would be difficult to exaggerate. It is
indeed a formidable enemy. Not only is it injurious to the progress and proficiency of the
pupils, it is really fatal to education. A sound or successful education cannot possibly be
acquired by pupils who are irregular in attending school.
" These considerations parents should bear in mind, and should likewise be earnest in
contriving and using means for the purpose of preventing or curing the evils complained of.
" It is an unquestionable fact, that parents and children naturally become indifferent
where the discipline is inferior, and the instruction of a worthless character. On the other
hand, a gcod, cheerful, popular school, exerts a kind of attractive influence on the children ;
and it is certain that the regularity of the attendance greatly depends on the character of the
teacher and of the school." 552 Public Schools Report. 1893
Girls' School.
Principal, Miss Frances E. Armstrong, until June 30th, 1893; present Principal, Miss
Mary Williams.
Salary, $100 per month.
1st Assistant, Mrs. L. M. Caldwell.
Salary, $80 per month.
2nd Assistant, Miss Mary Williams, until June 30th, 1893 ; present 2nd Assistant,   Miss
Lizzie A. Barron.
Salary, $75 per month.
3rd Assistant, Miss Ada Keast.
Salary, $70 per month.
4th Assistant, Miss Frances E. Arrowsmith.
Salary, $65 per month.
5th Assistant, Miss Sarah A. Robinson.
Salary, $60 per month.
6th Assistant, Miss Alexandrina Russell.
Salary, $55 per month.
7th Assistant, Miss Isabel R. Christie.
Salary, $50 per month.
Examined, December 6th and 7th, 1892.
June 1st and 2nd, 1893.
Enrolled during the year, 482.
Average monthly attendance, 411.
Average actual daily attendance, 349.46.
At the Christmas Examination, 1892, the following  passsed the standard  required  for
admission to a High School: —
Lilian R. Renwick, Eleanor A. Lee,
Mary E. Fletcher, Mary L. Wooley,
May G. Duncan, Martha E. Redfern,
Ethel L. McKitrick, Charlotte A. Thomas,
Margaret S. Blackbourn, Edith M. Roberts,
Caroline H. Green, Alice M. Eckersley,
Lilias F. Sutherland.
At the Midsummer Examination, 1893, the following passed the standard  required for
admission to a High School:—
Grace E. Sherk, Bibianne Moore,
Mary McGraw, Bessie E. Morrison,
Rose T. Jackson, Rosa Tranter,
Alice Doran, Florence G. Jackson,
Mary L. Van Horst, Mary Cathcart,
Belle Netherby, Margaret Murray.
The following is taken from the Report of the Principal:—
" The subject of writing has received special attention, and with good results. The
optional subject of linear drawing is growing in favour, with teachers and pupils alike, and
satisfactory progress is being made.
" I am sorry to say we have now no systematic teaching of vocal music. I hope ere long
this want will be remedied, as the refining and ennobling influence of music can not be overestimated.
" In January of the present year it was deemed necessary to open a branch school, to
relieve the over-crowding in the first four divisions of this school. Very beneficial results
arose from this, as we then had special time to devote to individual pupils, necessary in the
higher grades." 57 Vict. Public Schools Report. 553
Central Branch School.
Teacher, Hiram H. Schuyler, B. A.,  until April 30th, 1893 ; present teacher, Joseph F.
Sallaway.
Salary, $80 per month.
1st Assistant, Miss Ellen G. Lawson, until June  30th,  1893 ; present 1st Assistant,
Duncan Ross.
Salary, $60 per month,
2nd Assistant, Richard J. Hawkey, until June 30th, 1893 ; present 2nd Assistant, Miss
Christina T. Lorimer.
Salary, $60 per month.
3rd Assistant, Miss Christina T.  Lorimer, until June 30th, 1893 ; present 3rd Assistant,
Miss Mina Sanderson.
Salary, $50 per month.
Inspected, February 22nd, 1893.
April 7th, 1893.
April 27th, 1893.
May 17 th, 1893.
Enrolled during the year, 161.
Average monthly attendance, 146.
Average actual daily attendance, 126.24.
West School.
Principal, Thomas Nicholson.
Salary, $90 per month.
1st Assistant,  Joseph F. Sallaway,  until April 30th, 1893; Hiram H. Schuyler, B. A.,
until June 30th, 1893 ; present 1st Assistant, Miss Ellen G. Lawson.
Salary, $70 per month.
2nd Assistant, Richard  J.  Hawkey, until January  31st,   1893 ; present 2nd Assistant,
Miss Orvilla Northcott.
Salary, $50 per month.
Monitor, Miss Ellen G. Lawson, until January 31st, 1893; Miss Ida M. Carmichael, until
June 30th, 1893 ; present teacher, Leonard Tait,  assisted  by Miss Mabel Gaudin as
monitor.
Salary, $40 per month.
Inspected, November 7th, 1892.
January 23rd, 1893.
March 1st, 1893.
March 6th, 1893.
April 6th, 1893.
May 17th, 1893.
Enrolled during the year, 235.
Average monthly attendance, 180.
Average actual daily attendance, 145.52.
At the Christmas Examination, 1892,   Master William  Fairall, a pupil  of  this  school,
passed the standard required for admission to a High School.
The following is taken from the Report of the Principal:—
" About the close of last term there were, in the fourth division, too many children for
one teacher to instruct properly, and the room of the third division has, from the very first,
been found too small to accommodate the number of pupils belonging to it.
" During last term, the Trustees transferred two of my assistant teachers to the Central
School and about a month before the term closed,   my first assistant was likewise transferred, >54 Public Schools Report. 1893
others being sent to fill their places. The Trustees, doubtless, had good reasons for doing so,
but I am of the opinion that changes of this kind (unless they be made at the end of a term)
are, as a rule, not calculated to advance the best interests of the school.
" At the last examination for entrance into the High School, there were no pupils from
this school who were candidates, giving as their reason that they could attend school only one
more term, and that, should they pass successfully they would be under the necessity of leaving
school altogether, as no pupil gaining admittance into a High School is permitted to attend
any other public school in the city."
James Bay Ward School.
Teacher, Miss Julia M. Bradley.
Salary, $70 per month.
Monitor, Miss Christina T. Lorimer, until January 31st, 1893 ; Miss Annie E. Carmichael,
until June 30th, 1893; present Monitor, Miss Caroline C. Christie.
Salary, $40 per month.
Monitor, Miss Annie E. Carmichael, until January 31st, 1893 ; Miss Caroline C. Christie,
until June 30th, 1893 ; present Monitor, Miss Ida M. Carmichael.
Salary, $40 per month.
Examined, December 9th, 1892.
June 9th, 1893.
Enrolled during the year, 24-6.
Average monthly attendance, 170.
Average actual daily attendance, 147.70.
Hillside Ward School.
Teacher, Miss Annie J. Monro.
Salary, $70 per month.
Monitor, Miss Sarah J. Murton.
Salary, $40 per month.
Monitor, Miss Caroline A. Dowler, until June  30th, 1893 ; present Monitor, Miss Edith
Jesse.
Salary, $40 per month.
Examined, December 9th, 1892.
June 9th, 1893.
Enrolled during the year, 241.
Average monthly attendance, 174.
Average actual daily attendance, 142.94.
Rock Bay Ward School.
Teacher, Miss Lucretia Horton.
Salary, $70 per month.
Monitor, Miss Frances G. Walker, until June 30th, 1893 ; present Monitor, Miss Pauline
Frank.
Salary, $40 per month.
Examined, December 9th, 1892.
June 9th, 1893.
Enrolled during the year, 100.
Average monthly attendance, 89.
Average actual daily attendance, 74.37. 57 Vict. Public Schools Report. 555
Spring Ridge Ward School.
Teacher, Miss Lizzie A. Barron, until June 30th, 1893; present Teacher, Richard J.
Hawkey.
Salary, $70 per month.
Monitor, Miss Orvilla Northcott, until January 31st, 1893; Miss Frances A. Smith,
until June 30th, 1893 ; present Monitor, Miss Lizzie M. Speers.
Salary, $40 per month.
Monitor, Miss Frances A. Smith, until January 31st, 1893 ; Miss Lizzie M. Speers, until
June 30th, 1893; present Monitor, Miss Flora C. Fraser.
Salary, $40 per month.
Examined, December 9th, 1892.
June 9th, 1893.
Enrolled during the year, 261.
Average monthly attendance, 186.
Average actual daily attendance, 148.66.
At the Christmas Examination, 1892, Percival E. T. Snider, a pupil of this school, having
obtained first rank at examination of pupils of the Ward Schools, won the prize donated by
Colonel the Hon. James Baker, Minister of Education.
At the Midsummer Examination, 1893, Catherine Chapman, a pupil of this school,
having obtained first rank at competitive examination of pupils of the Ward Schools, won the
prize semi-annually donated by Colonel the Hon. James Baker, Minister of Education.
Wellington.
Principal, John L. McKay.
Salary, $85 per month.
1st Assistant, Miss Jennie Ramsay.
Salary, $60 per month.
2nd Assistant, Miss Sarah Ramsay, until 30th June, 1893 ; Miss Frances G. Walker, until
September 30th, 1893; present 2nd Assistant, Miss Margaret M. Burns.
Salary, $55 per month.
3rd Assistant, Miss Fanny Uren, until June 30th, 1893 ; Miss Margaret M. Burns, until
September 30th, 1893 ; present 3rd Assistant, Miss Lilias M. Edwards.
Salary, $50 per month.
Inspected, October 11th, 1892 ; present, 94 boys, 68 girls ; total, 162.
December 19th, 1892 ; present, 94 boys, 68 girls ; total, 162.
April 19th, 1893 ; present, 87 boys, 87 girls ; total, 174.
Enrolled during the year, 148 boys, 144 girls ; total, 292.
Average monthly attendance, 206.
Average actual daily attendance, 155.14.
Expenditure, $3,150.
At the semi-annual examination, held in Nanaimo on December 6th and 7th, 1892, Miss
Alice John and Miss Addie Matheson, pupils of this school, passed the standard required for
admission to a High School.
At the semi-annual examination, held in Nanaimo on June 1st and 2nd, 1893, Master
John D. Tillar and Miss Rebecca John, pupils of this school, obtained the percentage required
for admission to a High School. 556 Public Schools Report. 1893
The following is taken from the Report of the Principal. :—
" The progress during the year has been satisfactory in all departments ; the attendance
regular and the promotions, as seen by the annual report, better than previous years.
" On account of the prevalence of contagious diseases, school was not opened till September
1st, 1892.
" The clearing of the grounds and sinking of the well add greatly to the comfort and
convenience of the premises, aud when the fencing is completed the surroundings will have a
very favourable appearance, thanks to the efforts of the Trustees, who have been very attentive
to these matters." 57 Vict.
Public Schools Report.
557
C
Special Reports on Rural Schools.
Abbotsford.
Teacher, Miss Ella Coghlan, until August 31st, 1893 : present teacher, Miss Eliza J. Blair.
Salary, $50 per month.
Inspected, September 1st, 1892 ; present, 3 boys, 8 girls; total, 11.
Enrolled during the year, 9 boys, 16 girls; total, 25.
Average monthly attendance, 16.
Average actual daily attendance, 12.66.
Expenditure, $640.'
The following is a list of enrolment, average attendance,  and cost of each pupil since the
establishment of the school :—
Year.
Enrolment.
Average
attendance.
Cost of
each pupil on
enrolment.
Cost of
each pupil on
average
attendance.
1891-92 	
33
25
15.85
12.66
$10 30
25 60
|21 45
1892-93 	
50 55
Agassiz.
Teacher, Miss Mary F. Halliday.
Salary, $50 per month.
Inspected, October 24th, 1892 ; present, 6 boys, 5 girls;  total, 11.
Enrolled during the year, 14 boys, 13 girls ; total 27.
Average monthly attendance, 14.
Average actual daily attendance, 11.12.
Expenditure, $640.
The following is a list of enrolment, average attendance, and cost of each pupil since the
establishment of the school:—
Year.
Enrolment.
Average
attendance.
Cost of
each pupil on
enrolment.
Cost of
each pupil on
average
attendance.
1890-91	
20
19
27
12.11
10.58
11.12
$14 50
31 05
23 70
$23 94
1891-92 	
55 76
1892-93	
57 55 558
Public Schools Report.
1893
Alberni.
Teacher, John Howitt.
Salary, $50 per month.
Monitor, Miss Ethel Dunkerley.
Salary, $40 per month.
No inspection.
Enrolled during the year, 27 boys, 14 girls; total, 41.
Average monthly attendance, 30.
Average actual daily attendance, 24.29.
Expenditure, $1,120.
The following is a list of enrolment, average attendance, and cost of each pupil during the
past five years :—
Year.
Enrolment.
188S-89 	
47
51
55
49
41
18S9-90 	
1890-91	
1891-92	
1899-93	
Average
attendance.
22.57
24.60
25.53
22.97
24.29
Cost of
each pupil on
enrolment.
$20 00
20 78
18 01
21 44
27 31
1
Cost of
each pupil on
average
attendance.
$41 64
42 98
38 80
45 75
46 10
Aldergrove.
Teacher, Miss Edith S. DeBou, until May 31st, 1893 ; present teacher, N. R. Hopkins.
Salary, $50 per month.
Inspected, August 30th, 1892 ; present 6 boys, 11 girls; total, 17.
Enrolled during the year, 11 boys, 14 girls ; total, 25.
Average monthly attendance, 13.
Average actual daily attendance, 10.25.
Expenditure, $590.
The school in this district was closed on May 31st, 1803, on account of failure to maintain
the average attendance required by Statute. It was re-opened after the summer vacation, and
thus far has kept up the required attendance.
During the present school-year it was represented to the Department that a considerable
number of children of school age residing in this and two adjacent districts was prevented
from attending the school nearest to them. A suitable room having been provided by the
parents, Miss A. M. Lewis was appointed monitor and opened the school on November 1st,
1893.    Fifteen pupils are now enrolled.
The following is a list of enrolment
past five years :—
average attendance, and cost of each pupil during the
Year.
Enrolment.
Average
attendance.
Cost of
each pupil on
enrolment.
Cost of
each pupil on
average
attendance.
1888-89	
31
31
39
27
25
12.11
13.50
13.50
11.06
10.25
$20 64
20 64
16 41
22 27
23 60
$52 84
1889-90	
47 40
1890-91	
47 40
1891-92 	
54 36
1892-93 	 57 Vict.
Public Schools Report.
559
Aldergrove, South.
Teacher, A. J. Gordon.
Salary, $50 per month.
Inspected, August 31st, 1892 ; present, 7 boys, 4 girls; total, 11.
Enrolled during the year, 14 boys, 12 girls ; total, 26.
Average monthly attendance, 19.
Average actual daily attendance, 13.83.
Expenditure, $640.   '
As a large number of children of school age residing in the western portion of this
district has been unable, from the want of roads, to attend the school, authority was given to
the Trustees to appoint a Monitor for this locality, on the condition that the parents furnish a
suitable school-room. Mr. A. W. Howison received the appointment of Monitor, and opened
the school on October 1st, 1893.    There is already an enrolment of twenty pupils.
The following is a list of enrolment, average attendance, and cost of each pupil since the
establishment of the school : —
Year.
Enrolment.
Average
attendance.
Cost of
each pupil on
enrolment.
Cost of
each pupil on
average
attendance.
1891-92 	
24
26
11.74
13.83
$19 47
24 61
$39 81
1892-93	
46 27
Armstrong.
Teacher, O. McPherson.
Salary, $60 per month.
No inspection.
Enrolled during the year, 10 boys, 9 girls; total, 19.
Average monthly attendance, 18.
Average actual daily attendance, 17.43.
Expenditure, $162.
Cost of each pupil on enrolment, $8.52.
Cost of each pupil on average actual daily attendance,
$9.29.
This school, which was opened in April,   1893,  has thus far maintained a good average
dailv attendance. 560
Public Schools Report.
1893
Ashcroft.
Teacher, John W. H. King.
Salary, $60 per month.
Inspected, August 27th, 1892; present, 4 boys, 6 girls; total,
Enrolled during the year, 15 boys, 19 girls; total, 34.
Average monthly attendance, 23.
Average actual daily attendance, 17.97.
Expenditure, $760.
10.
The number of prescribed teaching days for the year was 210.
this school was in session for the full number of days.
The following is a list of enrolment, average attendance,
past five years :—
It is worthy of note that
xnd cost of each pupil during the
Year.
Enrolment,
Average
attendance.
Cost of
each pupil on
enrolment.
Cost of
each pupil on
average
attendance.
1888-89 	
11
24
20
31
34
5.37
14.31
14.16
19.75
17.97
$16 36
29 16
29 23
24 51
22 35
$33 51
1889-90	
48 91
1890-91 	
53 67
1891-92   	
38 48
42 29
Atchelitz.
Teacher, Eli J. Campbell.
Salary, $50 per month.
Inspected, September 6th, 1892; present, 4 boys, 7 girls; total, 11.
Enrolled during the year, 11 boys, 14 girls ; total, 25.
Average monthly attendance, 19.
Average actual daily attendance, 13.72.
Expenditure, $590.
Cost of each pupil on enrolment, $23.60.
Cost of each pupil on average actual daily attendance, $43.00.
The school in this new district was opened in August, 1892.    A fair average
has thus far been maintained, and the school is at present in good working order.
attendance 57 Vict.
Public Schools Report.
561
Barkerville.
Teacher, William H. Phelps.
Salary, $100 per month.
No inspection.
Enrolled during the year, 14 boys, 8 girls ; total, 22.
Average monthly attendance, 20.
Average actual daily attendance, 19.06.
Expenditure, $1,420.
At examination held December 20th and 21st, 1892, the following pupils of this school
passed the standard required for admission to a High School :—
Miss Mary A. A. Nason,
Miss Roberta F. E. Nason.
The following is a list of enrolment, average attendance, and cost of each pupil during the
past five years :—
Year.
Enrolment.
Average
attendance.
Cost of
each pupil on
enrolment.
Cost of
each pupil on
average
attendance.
1888-89	
29
33
26
21
22
20.70
22.44
22.07
19.48
19.06
$48 96
43 03
54 61
67 61
64 54
$68 59
1889-90 	
1890-91 	
63 28
64 34
1891-92	
72 89
1892-93	
74 50
Beaver.
Teacher, Miss C. Shortreed.
Salary, $50 per month.
No inspection.
Enrolled during the year, 8 boys, 12 girls ; total, 20.
Average monthly attendance, 17.
Average actual daily attendance, 12.95.
Expenditure, $319.03.
Cost of each pupil on enrolment, $15.95.
Cost of each pupil on average actual daily attendance, $24.63.
The school in this newly created district was opened in January,   1893.    The record of
the school thus far has been very satisfactory. 562
Public Schools Report.
1893
Beaver Point.
Teacher, Robert Watkin, until June 30th, 1893 ; present teacher, Miss Katie Furness.
Salary, $50 per month.
Inspected, March 3rd, 1893; present, 5 boys, 8 girls; total, 13.
Enrolled during the year, 9 boys, 11 girls ; total, 20.
Average monthly attendance, 15.
Average actual daily attendance, 12.35.
Expenditure, $640.
At examination held on March 8th and 9th, the following pupils of this school obtained
the percentage required for admission to a High School :—-
Miss Agnes Ruckle,
Miss Ella Ruckle,
Miss Clara Trage.
The following is a list of enrolment, average attendance, and cost of each pupil during the
past five years:—
Year.
Enrolment.
Average
attendance.
Cost of
each pupil on
enrolment.
Cost of
each pupil on
average
attendance.
1S88-89               	
24
14
18
16
20
13.26
11.23
13.61
12.07
12.35
$26 66
45 71
35 55
40 00
32 00
$48 26
1889-90	
1890-91 	
1891-92	
1892-93	
56 99
47 02
53 02
51 82
Belmont.
Teacher, Samuel G. Johnston,  until December 31st, 1893; present  teacher, Miss Emily
Parkinson.
Salary, $50 per month.
Inspected, August 24th, 1892; present, 15 boys, 14 girls; total, 29.
Enrolled during the year, 20 boys, 18 girls; total, 38.
Average monthly attendance, 29.
Average actual daily attendance, 22.80.
Expenditure, $619.03.
The following is a list of enrolment, average attendance, and cost of each pupil since the
establishment of the school:—
Year.
Enrolment.
Average
attendance.
Cost of
each pupil on
enrolment.
Cost of
each pupil on
average
attendance.
1890-91	
1891-92	
1892-93	
36
40
38
17.67
19.23
22.80
$15 00
16 00
16 29
$30 56
33 28
27 15 57 Vict.                                   Public Schools Report.                                           563
Brownsville.
Teacher, Miss Ellen Lister.
Salary, $50 per month.
Inspected, October 28th, 1892; present, 6 boys, 6 girls; total, 12.
Enrolled during the year, 8 boys, 10 girls; total, 18.
Average monthly attendance, 13.
Average actual daily attendance, 10.69.
Expenditure, $640.'
The following is a list of enrolment, average attendance, and cost of each pupil since the
establishment of the school:—
Year.
Enrolment.
Average
attendan ce.
Cost of
each pupil on
enrolment.
Cost of
each pupil on
average
attendance.
1891-92	
1S92-93	
20
18
11.29
10.69
$15 62
35 55
$27 68
59 86
3; total, 17.
3; total, 17.
aster Thomas Ackerman, a pupil of
i to a High School.
ice, and cost of each pupil during the
Burgoyne Bay.
Teacher, Alfred W. Cooke.
Salary, $55 per month.
Inspected, March 7th, 1893; present, 11 boys, 6 girl
March 8th, 1893; present, 11 boys, 6 girl
Enrolled during the year, 12 boys, 16 girls; total, 28
Average monthly attendance, 22.
Average actual daily attendance, 19.76.
Expenditure, $700.
At examination held on March 7th and 8th, 1893, 1'
this school, obtained the percentage required for admissio
The following is a list of enrolment, average attendai
past five years:—
Year.
Enrolment.
Average
attendance.
Cost of
each pupil on
enrolment.
Cost of
each pupil on
average
attendance.
1888-89	
1889-90	
1890-91	
1891-92	
1892 93    	
28
31
30
28
28
18.03
19.59
17.90
17.70
19.76
$22 85
19 59
21 33
22 85
25 00
$35 49
31 02
35 75
36 15
35 4° 564
Public Schools Report.
1893
Burton's Prairie (Burton).
Teacher, Miss Margaret McGregor.
Salary, $50 per month.
Inspected, September 9th, 1892; present, 8 boys, 6 girls; total, 14.
Enrolled during the year, 22 boys, 10 girls; total, 32.
Average monthly attendance, 21.
Average actual daily attendance, 15.67.
Expenditure, $640.
The following is a list of enrolment, average attendance, aud cost of each pupil during
the past five years:—
Year.
Enrolment.
Average
attendance.
Cost of
each pupil on
enrolment.
Cost of
each pupil on
average
attendance.
1888-89	
1889-90	
1890 91	
23
39
37
36
32
13.43
19.39
20.06
17.09
15.67
$27 82
16 41
16 69
17 77
20 00
$47 65
33 00
30 79
1891-92 	
37 44
1892-93	
40 84
Cache Creek.
Teacher,  Mrs.  E.  B.  McLellan,  until  June   30th,  1893;  present  teacher, William   R.
Ellenwood, B.A.
Salary, $60 per month.
Inspected, August 29th, 1892; present, 3 boys, 5 girls; total, 8.
Enrolled during the year, 12 boys, 8 girls; total, 20.
Average monthly attendance, 16.
Average actual daily attendance, 13.07.
Expenditure, $700.
The following is a list of enrolment, average attendance, and cost of each  pupil during
the past five years:—
Year.
Enrolment.
Average
attendance.
Cost of
each pupil on
enrolment.
Cost of
each pupil on
average
attendance.
1888-89	
28
25
12
20
21.13
19 81
9.82
13.07
$60 71
54 40
15 00
35 00
$80 45
1889-90	
68 65
1890-91	
18 32
1891-92  (Closed)
1892-93	
53 55 >7 Vict.
Public Schools Report.
565
Cadboro.
Teacher, Angus Galbraith.
Salary, $50 per month.
Inspected, October 20th, 1892; present, 9 boys, 7 girls; total, 16.
November 22nd, 1892; present, 10 boys, 8 girls; total, 18.
February 28th, 1893; present, 9 boys, 4 girls; total, 13.
March 21st, 1893; present, 9 boys, 5 girls; total, 14.
Enrolled during the year, 15 boys, 15 girls; total, 30.
Average monthly attendance, 20.
Average actual daily attendance, 15.52.
Expenditure, $640.
The following is a list of enrolment, average attendance, and cost of each pupil during
the past five years :—
Year.
Enrolment.
Average
attendance.
Cost of
each pupil on
enrolment.
Cost of
each pupil on
average
attendance.
1S88-89	
35
21
25
37
30
16.53
12.00
13.78
15.84
15.52
$18 28
29 29
24 56
17 29
21 33
$38 71
1889-90	
1890-91	
51 26
44 55
1891-92	
1892-93	
40 40
41 23
Camp Slough.
Monitor, Miss Lottie M. Powell, until June 30th, 1893; present Monitor, Miss Laura L.
Nickerson.
Salary, $40 per month.
No inspection.
Enrolled during the year, 16 boys, 11 girls; total, 27.
Average monthly attendance, 19.
Average actual daily attendance, 16.56.
Expenditure, $200.
Cost of each pupil on enrolment, $7.40.
Cost of each pupil on average actual daily attendance, $12.07.
Owing to representations made to the effect that a number of children of school age
residing in Cheam and Rosedale school districts was unable to attend the schools in these
districts, the salary of a monitor for this locality was provided for in the Estimates. The
school was opened in February, 1893, by Miss L. M. Powell in a room furnished by the
parents. 566
Public Schools Report.
1893
Cedar Hill.
Teacher, Robert Landells, B.A.
Salary, $60 per month.
Inspected, October 31st, 1892; present, 19 boys, 12 girls; total, 31.
February 23rd, 1893; present, 14 boys, 12 girls; total, 26.
Enrolled during the year, 23 boys, 31 girls; total, 54.
Average monthly attendance, 37.
Average actual daily attendance, 27.72.
Expenditure, $760.
The following is a list of enrolment, average attendance, and cost of each pupil during
the past five years:—
Year.
Enrolment.
Average
attendance.
Cost of
each pupil on
enrolment.
Cost of
each pupil on
average
attendance.
1888-89	
1889-90	
1890-91	
1891-92	
1892 93             	
43
41
57
44
54
25.10
24.09
26.84
17.77
27.72
$17 67
18 53
13 33
17 27
14 07
$30 27
31 54
28 31
42 76
27 41
Cedar, North.
Teacher, Miss Anna L. Stewart.
Salary, $50 per month.
Inspected, April 17th and 18th, 1893; present, 11 boys, 11 girls; total, 22.
Enrolled during the year, 26 boys, 19 girls; total, 45.
Average monthly attendance, 29.
Average actual daily attendance, 23.29.
Expenditure, $640.
The following is  a list of enrolment, average attendance, and cost of each pupil during
the past five years:—
Year.
Enrolment.
Average
attendance.
Cost of
each pupil on
enrolment.
Cost of
each pupil on
average
attendance.
1888 89        	
37
39
43
48
45
21.24
22.88
21.40
27.88
23.29
$17 29
16 20
14 65
13 33
14 22
$30 13
1889 90	
27 62
1890 91	
29 45
1891 92 	
22 95
1892 93 	
27 48 57 Vict.                                  Public Schools Report.                                            567
Cedar., South.
Teacher,  Miss Lena B.  Freeman,  until August  31st,   1893;  present  teacher,  John C.
McGregor.
Salary, $50 per month.
Inspected, April 17th and 18th, 1893 ; present, 6 boys, 4 girls ; total, 10.
Enrolled during the year, 12 boys, 10 girls; total, 22.
Average monthly attendance, 15.
Average actual daily attendance, 11.67.
Expenditure, $640.
At  semi-annual examination held in  Nanaimo,  December 6th  and  7th,   1892,  Master
James Thomas, a pupil of this school,  obtained  the percentage  required for  admission  to a
High School.
At semi-annual examination held in Nanaimo, June  1st and 2nd, 1893, Miss  Louisa
Stark, a pupil of this school, passed the standard required for admission to a High School.
The following is a list of enrolment, average attendance, and cost of each pupil during the
past five years :—
Year.
Enrolment.
Average
attendance.
Cost of
each pupil on
enrolment.
Cost of
each pupil on
average
attendance.
1888-89	
21
25
23
23
22
13.16
14.09
12.50
12.68
11 .67
$30 47
24 76
26 95
27 82
29 09
$48 63
1889-90	
43 93
1890-91 	
49 58
1891-92	
50 47
1892-93	
54 84
!k).
)3 ; Miss Flora C. Fraser, until June
pier.
boys, 28 girls ; total, 55.
, 27 girls ; total, 57.
)1.
2, Master Richard A.  Henderson, a
ission to a High School,
lester E. Melhuish and Master John
pired for admission to a High School.
ice, and  cost  of each  pupil during
Centreville (Chilliwha
Teacher, William M. Wood.
Salary, $75 per month.
Monitor, Miss Jessie A. Black, until March 31st, 18
30th, 1893 ; present Monitor, Miss Ada M. Tem
Salary, $40 per month.
Examined, September 5th and 6th, 1892; present, 27
May 1st and 2nd, 1893; present, 30 boys
Enrolled during the year, 55 boys, 46 girls ; total, 1(
Average monthly attendance, 70.
Average actual daily attendance, 56.38.
Expenditure, $1,440.
At examination held  September  5th  and  6th, 189
pupil of this school, passed the standard required for adm
At examination held May 1st and 2nd, 1893, Miss 1
B. Watson, pupils of this school, obtained the percentage re<
The following is a list of enrolment, average attendai
the past five years :—
Year.
Enrolment.
Average
attendance.
Cost of
each pupil on
enrolment.
Cost of
each pupil on
average
attendance.
1888-89 	
81
107
102
123
101
42.12
53.00
52.96
56.81
56.38
$14 44
11 21
12 94
11 70
14 25
$28 01
1889-90 	
22 64
1890-91 	
24 92
1891-92 	
25 34
1892-93 	
25 54 568
Public Schools Report.
1893
Cheam.
Teacher, Nicholas R.   Hopkins,   until  June  30th,   1893 ; present teacher,   Miss Jennie
Robertson.
Salary, $55 per month.
Inspected, September 8th, 1892 ; present 8 boys, 11 girls ; total, 19.
Enrolled during the year, 24 boys, 18 girls; total, 42.
Average monthly attendance, 25.
Average actual daily attendance, 17.62.
Expenditure, $700.
The following is a list of enrolment, average attendance and cost of each pupil during the
past five years :—
Year.
Enrolment.
Average
attendance.
Cost of
each pupil on
enrolment.
Cost of
each pupil on
average
attendance.
1888-89	
1889-90	
59
73
59
53
42
23.79
35.36
26.98
25.31
17.62
$11  86
9 59
11 86
13 20
16 66
$29 42
19 76
1891-92 	
25 94
27 65
1892-93	
39 72
Chemainus.
Teacher, Robert, H. Allan.
Salary, $50 per month.
Inspected, April 14th, 1893 ; present, 8 boys, 4 girls ; total, 12.
Enrolled during the year, 9 boys, 7 girls; total, 16.
Average monthly attendance, 12.
Average actual daily attendance, 10.97.
Expenditure, $640.
The following is a list of enrolment, average attendance, and  cost of  each pupil during
the past five years :—
Year.
Enrolment.
Average
attendance.
Cost of
each pupil on
enrolment
Cost of
each pupil on
average
attendance.
1888-89 	
26
21
21
18
16
12.42
11.34
11.26
11.22
10.97
$22 69
28 09
29 30
35 55
40 00
$47 50
52 02
1889-90	
1890-91	
54 66
1891-92	
57 04
1892-93	
58 34 57 Vict.
Public Schools Report.
569
Chemainus Landing.
Teacher, Robert Telford.
Salary, $50 per month.
Inspected, April 13th, 1893; present, 6 boys, 6 girls; total, 12.
Enrolled during the year, 10 boys, 9 girls; total, 19.
Average monthly attendance, 14.
Average actual daily attendance, 13.06.
Expenditure, $640.
The following is a list of enrolment, average attendance, and cost of each pupil since the
establishment of the school :—
Year.
Enrolment.
Average
attendance.
Cost of
each pupil on
enrolment.
Cost of
each pupil on
average
attendance.
1S90-91	
1891-92	
1892-93	
19
27
19
15.55
14.73
13.06
$28 94
23 70
33 68
$35 36
43 44
49 00
Chilliwhack (South Chilliwhack).
Teacher, Mrs. J. Templer.
Salary, $55 per month.
Examined, September 7th and 8th,  1892; present, 12 boys, 21 girls; total, 33.
Enrolled during the year, 20 boys, 27 girls ; total, 47.
Average monthly attendance, 38.
Average actual daily attendance, 30 80.
Expenditure, $700.
At  examination  held at Centreville on May 1st and 2nd, 1893, the following pupils of
this school obtained the percentage required for admission to a High School :—
Miss Caroline L. Webb,
n    Jane E. Higginson,
i.     Clarinda E   Stevenson,
ii     Emily Knight.
The following is a list of enrolment,  avera
the past five years :—
?e attendance, and cost of each pupil during
Year.
1888-89
1889-90
1890-91
1891-92
1892-93
Enrolment.
32
33
38
48
47
Average
attendance.
17.20
19 99
26.26
29.02
30.80
Cost of
each pupil on
enrolment.
$20 00
19 39
18 42
14 58
14 89
Cost of
each pupil on
average
attendance.
$37 20
32 01
26 65
24 12
22 72 570
Public Schools Report*.
1893
Chilliwhack, East.
Teacher, Miss Clara Noble.
Salary, $50 per month.
Inspected, September 7th, 1892 ; present, 12 boys, 14 girls; total, 26
Enrolled during the year, 23 boys, 23 girls ; total, 46.
Average monthly attendance, 27.
Average actual daily attendance, 20.45.
Expenditure, $640.
The following is a list of enrolment,  average attendance,  and cost of each pupil since the
establishment of the school :—
Year.
Enrolment.
Average
attendance.
Cost of
each pupil on
enrolment.
Cost of
each pupil on
average
attendance.
1890-91	
30
43
46
22.81
29.27
20.45
$15 00
14 S8
13 91
$23 67
1891-92	
1892-93	
21 86
31 29
Clayton.
Teacher, David McLennan,
Salary, $50 per month.
Inspected, August 25th, 1892 ; present, 5 boys, 10 girls ; total, 15.
Enrolled during the year, 12 boys, 18 girls ; total, 30.
Average monthly attendance, 17.
Average actual daily attendance, 12.50.
Expenditure, $640.
The following is a list of enrolment, average attendance, and cost of each pupil since the
establishment of the school :—
Year.
Enrolment.
Average
attendance.
Cost of
each pupil on
enrolment.
Cost of
each pupil on
average
attendance.
1890-91	
23
25
30
11.76
12.21
12.50
$25 65
23 60
21 33
$50 17
1891-92    	
1892-93	
48 32
51 20 57 Vict.
Purlio Schools Report.
571
Clinton.
Teacher, Miss Adelaide S. Bailey.
Salary, $60 per month.
Inspected, August 29th, 1892; present, 4 boys, 5 girls, total, 9.
August 30th, 1892 ; present, 4 boys, 5 girls, total, 9.
Enrolled during the year, 16 boys, 7 girls, total, 23.
Average monthly attendance, 13.
Average actual daily attendance, 10.87.
Expenditure, $760.
The following is a list of enrolment, average attendance,  and  cost  of  each  pupil during
the past five years :—
Year.
Enrolment.
Average
attendance.
Cost of
each pupil on
enrolment.
Cost of
each pupil on
average
attendance.
188S-89	
27
16
17
22
23
11.45
10.60
10.62
10.52
10.87
$28 14
47 50
44 70
34 54
33 04
$66 37
1889-90   	
71 69
1890-91	
71 56
1S91-92             	
72 24
1892-93 	
69 91
Clover Vallev (Cloverdale).
Teacher, Robert D. Irvine, until March 31st, 1893 : present teacher, A. H. P. Matthew.
Salary, $50 per month.
Inspected, August 25th, 1892; present, 17 boys, 14 girls; total, 31.
Enrolled during the year, 22 boys, 27 girls ; total, 49.
Average monthly attendance, 33.
Average actual daily attendance, 27.52.
Expenditure, $640.
There was a very marked increase in both enrolment, and average daily attendance for
the year.
At semi-annual examination held in Vancouver on June 1st and 2nd, 1893, Master
Thomas Shannon, a pupil of this school, obtained the percentage required for admission to a
High School.
The following is a list of enrolment, average attendance, and cost of each pupil during the
past five years :—
Year.
Enrolment.
Average
attendance.
Cost of
each pupil on
enrolment.
Cost of
each pupil on
average
attendance.
1888-89 ..
27
37
27
33
49
11.82
11.28
10.50
16.03
27.52
$23 70
17 29
23 70
19 39
13 06
$54 14
50 73
1889-90	
1890-91 	
60 95
1891-92 	
39 92
1892-93 	
23 25 572
Public Schools Report.
1893
Coldstream.
Teacher, William Sivewright.
Salary, $60 per month.
Inspected, September 8th, 1892; present, 9 boys, 1 girl; total, 10.
Enrolled during the year, 14 boys, 4 girls ; total, 18.
Average monthly attendance, 12.
Average actual daily attendance, 10.85.
Expenditure, $760.
The following is a list of enrolment, average attendance, and cost of each pupil since the
establishment of the school :—
Year.
Enrolment.
Average
attendance.
Cost of
each pupil on
enrolment.
Cost of
each pupil on
average
attendance.
1891-92	
12
IS
10.66
10.85
$15 83
42 22
$17 82
1892-93	
70 04
Colwood.
Teacher, George H. Martin, until February 28th, 1893 ; J. J. Stephenson, until September
30th, 1893; present teacher, Miss Edith A. King.
Salary, $50 per month.
Visited, March 2nd, 1893 ; school not in session.
Enrolled during the year, 16 boys, 16 girls; total, 32.
Average monthly attendance, 17.
Average actual daily attendance, 11.63.
Expenditure, $640.
The following is a list of enrolment, average attendance, and cost of each pupil during the
past five years :—
Year.
188S-89
1889-90
1890-91
1891-92
1892 93
Enrolment.
26
31
23
24
32
Average
attendance.
16.90
12.47
12.94
10.44
11.63
Cost of
each pupil on
enrolment.
$24 61
20 64
27 23
26 66
20 00
Cost of
each pupil on
average
attendance.
$37 87
51 32
48 40
61 30
55 03 57 Vict.                                Public Schools Report'.                                          573
Comox, North (Courtenay).
Teacher, Fenwick W. Robbins.
Salary, $60 per month.
Examined, October 3rd and 4th, 1892; present, 9 boys, 9 girls; total, 18.
Enrolled during the year, 19 boys, 16 girls; total, 35.
Average monthly attendance, 28.
Average actual daily attendance, 19.72.
Expenditure, $760.
The following is a list of enrolment, average  attendance, and  cost of each pupil  during
the past five years :—
Year.
Enrolment.
Average
attendance.
Cost of
each pupil on
enrolment.
Cost of
each pupil on
average
attendance.
1888-89	
60
60
63
46
35
25.57
27.81
34.17
21.02
19.72
$10 66
10 66
11 11
16 52
21 71
$25 02
1889-90	
23 01
1890-91	
20 48
1891-92	
36 15
1892-93 	
38 54
)•
e of a duly certificated teacher until
3e, and cost of each pupil during the
Comox, South (Comox
Teacher, R. H. Carscadden.
Salary, $55 per month.
No inspection.
Enrolled during the year, 16 boys, 13 girls; total, 2{
Average monthly attendance, 22.
Average actual daily attendance, 16.26.
Expenditure, $370.
During the past year,  the school was not in charg
January, 1893.
The following is a list of em-olment, average attendan
past five years :—
Year.
Enrolment.
Average
attendance.
Cost of
each pupil on
enrolment.
Cost of
each pupil on
average
attendance.
1888 89	
1889-90	
43
35
34
36
29
24.24
24 28
20.17
21.33
16.26
$14 43
18 28
20 58
19 44
12 76
$25 60
26 35
1890-91 	
34 70
1891-92 	
32 81
1892-93	
22 75 574
Public Schools Report.
1893
Courtenay (Grantham).
Teacher, James Sutherland, until August 31st, 1893; present teacher, James A. Halliday.
Salary, $50 per month.
Inspected, October 3rd, 1892 ; present, 8 boys, 9 girls ; total, 17.
October 4th, 1892 ; present, 8 boys, 5 girls ; total, 13.
Enrolled during the year, 14 boys, 13 girls ; total, 27.
Average monthly attendance, 19.
Average actual daily attendance, 15.10.
■  Expenditure, $640.
The following is a list of enrolment, average attendance, and cost of each pupil during the
past five years :—
Year.
Enrolment.
Average
attendance.
Cost of
each pupil on
enrolment.
Cost of
each pupil on
average
attendance.
1888-89	
19
18
19
22
27
11.49
10.62
12.26
15.29
15.10
$33 68
35 55
33 68
27 62
23 70
$55 70
18S9-90 	
60 26
1890-91 ...                                   	
52 20
1891-92	
39 74
1892-93	
42 38
Cowichan, South.
Teacher, Miss Mary C. Mclntyre.
Salary, $50 per month.
Inspected, April 10th, 1893 ; present, 5 boys, 6 girls; total, 11.
Enrolled during the year, 5 boys, 7 girls; total, 12.
Average monthly attendance, 11.
Average actual daily attendance, 10.59.
Expenditure, $640.
The following is
the past five years :—
a  list  of  enrolment,
attendance, and cost of each pupil during
Year.
18S8-89
1889-90
1890-91
1891-92
1892-93
Enrolment.
35
25
15
12
12
Average
attendance.
12.61
10.23
10.80
10.52
10.59
Cost of
each pupil on
enrolment.
$18 28
25 60
41 39
32 50
53 33
Cost of
each pupil on
average
attendance.
$50 75
62 56
57 49
37 07
60 43 57 Vict.
Public Schools Report.
575
Craigflower.
Teacher, Samuel Shepherd.
Salary, $60 per month.
Inspected, October 6th, 1892; present, 10 boys, 16 girls; total, 26.
November 17th, 1892; present, 8 boys, 15 girls; total, 23.
February 24th, 1893; present, 6 boys, 10 girls; total, 16.
March 20th, 1893; present, 10 boys, 14 girls; total, 24.
Enrolled during the year, 17 boys, 32 girls; total, 49.
Average monthly attendance, 34.
Average actual daily attendance, 26.51.
Expenditure, $700.
The following is a list of enrolment, average attendance, and cost of each pupil during
the past five years: —
Year.
Enrolment.
Average
attendance.
Cost of
each pupil on
enrolment.
Cost of
each pupil on
average
attendance.
1888-89              	
45
40
44
45
49
28.53
24.18
20.01
23.64
26.51
$16 88
19 00
17 27
16 88
14 28
$26 63
18S9-90	
31 43
1890-91	
1891-92	
1S92 93               	
37 98
32 14
26 40
Denman Island.
Teacher, Miss Edith A. King, until June 30th, 1893; present teacher, Miss Mabel W.
Smith.
Salary, $50 per month.
Inspected, September 28th, 1892; present, 6 boys, 6 girls; total, 12.
September 29th, 1892; present, 6 boys, 6 girls; total, 12.
Enrolled during the year, 8 boys, 11 girls; total, 19.
Average monthly attendance, i3.
Average actual daily attendance, 10.43.
Expenditure, $640.
The following is a list of enrolment, average attendance, and cost of each pupil during
the past five years:—
Year.
Enrolment.
Average
attendance.
Cost of
each pupil on
enrolment.
Cost of
each pupil on
average
attendance.
1888-89	
1889-90	
25
19
21
22
19
13.82
12.86
13.11
10.87
10.43
$25 60
33 68
30 47
26 81
33 68
$46 30
49 76
1890-91	
1891-92	
1892-93	
48 81
54 27
61 36 576                                        Public Schools Report.                                        1893
Departure Bay.
Teacher, Miss Catherine J. Thomas.
Salary, $50 per month.
Inspected, October 12th, 1892; present, 19 boys, 8 girls; total, 27.
April 19th, 1893; present, 15 boys, 18 girls: total, 33.
Enrolled during the year, 26 boys, 22 girls; total, 48.
Average monthly attendance, 33.
Average actual daily attendance, 25.36.
Expenditure, $640.
The following is a list of enrolment, average attendance, and cost of each pupil during
the past five years:—
Year.
Enrolment.
Average
attendance.
Cost of
each pupil on
enrolment.
Cost of
each pupil on
average
attenda nee.
1888-89	
26
40
48
40
48
13.41
18.95
17.70
21.48
25.36
$24 61
13 91
11  42
17 25
13 33
$47 72
1889-90	
33 77
1890-91	
1891-92	
1892-93	
30 97
32 12
25 23
present teacher, Miss M. K. Smith.
girls; total, 17.
girls; total, 18.
ance, and cost of each pupil during
Donald.
Teacher, Wesley A. Blair, until February 28th, 1893;
Salary, $60 per month.
Inspected, September 5th, 1892; present, 7 boys, 10
September 6th, 1892; present, 8 boys, 10
Enrolled during the year, 16 boys, 18 girls; total, 31
Average monthly attendance, 20.
Average actual daily attendance, 16.56.
Expenditure, $742.53.
The following is a list of enrolment, average attenc
the past five years:—
Year.
Enrolment.
Average
attendance.
Cost of
each pupil on
enrolment.
Cost of
each pupil on
average
attendance.
1888-89	
1889 90...                             	
34
28
25
28
34
14.88
11.01
14.74
13.17
16.56
$21 95
30 38
30 40
27 14
21 83
$50 16
77 26
1890-91	
1891-92	
1892-93	
51 56
57 70
44 83 57 Vict.
Public Schools Rkport.
577
Ducks.
Teacher, Miss Mary K. Smith,  until December 31st,   1892; Miss Mabel Godson, until
February 18th, 1893; present teacher, Miss Jessie McQueen.
Salary, $60 per month.
No inspection.
Enrolled during the year, 8 boys, 8 girls; total, 16.
Average monthly attendance, 12.
Average actual daily attendance, 10.43.
Expenditure, $346.57.
Cost of each pupil on enrolment, $21.66.
Cost of each pupil on average actual daily attendance, $33.22.
This school was opened in September, 1892, but was  closed  in February, 1893, by the
retirement of the teacher.    It was not again opened until September, 1893.
Dunach.
Teacher, Robert J. Douglas, until August 31st, 1892; Norman McLeod, until June 30th,
1893; present teacher, Matthew Beattie.
Salary, $50 per month.
Visited, August 31st, 1892; school not in session.
Inspected, October 25th, 1892; present, 10 boys, 9 girls; total, 19.
Enrolled during the year, 15 boys, 13 girls; total, 28.
Average monthly attendance, 19.
Average actual daily attendance, 14.17.
Expenditure, $640.'
The following is a list of enrolment, average attendance, and cost of each pupil since the
establishment of the school:—
Year.
Enrolment.
Average
attendance.
Cost of
each pupil on
enrolment.
Cost of
each pupil on
average
attendance.
1891-92	
1892-93 	
26
28
18.48
14.17
$15 00
22 85
$21  10
45 16
Duncan.
Teacher, James E. Norcross, until June 30th, 1893; present teacher, Mrs. E. B. McLellan.
Salary, $50 per month.
Examined, April 11th and 12th, 1893; present, 11 boys, 16 girls; total, 27.
Visited, April 13th, 1893; present, 11 boys, 16 girls; total, 27.
Enrolled during the year, 17 boys, 24 girls; total, 41.
Average monthly attendance, 29.
Average actual daily attendance, 22.17.
Expenditure, $640.
The following is a list of enrolment, average attendance, and cost of each pupil since the
establishment of the school:—
Year.
Enrolment.
Average
attendance.
Cost of
each pupil on
enrolment.
Cost of
each pupil on
average
attendance.
1891-92	
1892-93	
40
41
23.01
22.17
$14 75
15 61
$25 64
28 86 578
Public Schools Report.
1893
Enderby.
Teacher, Miss Jennie Caldwell.
Salary, $60 per month.
Inspected, September 13th, 1892; present, 9 boys, 9 girls; total, 18.
Enrolled during the year, 21 boys, 15 girls ; total, 36.
Average monthly attendance, 23.
Average actual daily attendance, 17.82.
Expenditure, $723.23.
The following is a list of enrolment, average attendance, and cost of each pupil since the
establishment of the school :—
Year.
Enrolment.
Average
attendance.
Cost of
each pupil on
enrolment.
Cost of
each pupil on
average
attendance.
1888-89	
29
27
34
33
36
17.85
15.45
20.28
20.02
17.82
$24 13
28 14
22 35
23 03
20 09
$39 21
1889-90	
42 71
1890-91	
37 47
1891-92	
1892 93
37 96
40 58
English.
Teacher, I. N. Mathers, until October 31st, 1892 ; re-appointed in September, 1893.
Salary, $50 per month.
Visited, November 3rd, 1892 ; school not in session.
Enrolled during the year, 8 boys, 3 girls ; total, 11.
Average monthly attendance, 9.
Average actual daily attendance, 7 87.
Expenditure, $240.
At the present time there is a fair attendance at the school.
By changes made in the  boundaries of  this  district, its  former school  building  is now
included within the limits of Steveston School District.
The following is a list of enrolment, average attendance, and  cost  of  each  pupil  during
the past five years :—
Year.
1888-89
1889-90
1890-91
1891-92
1892-93
Enrolment.
27
31
21
33
11
Average
attendance.
11.43
13.38
9.97
10.16
7.87
Cost of
each pupil on
enrolment.
$21 85
16 83
18 25
17 87
21 81
Cost of
each pupil on
average
attendance.
$51 61
38 99
38 44
58 07
30 49 57 Vict.
Public Schools Report.
579
Esquimalt.
Teacher, E. B. Paul, M.A., until August 31st, 1892 ; James Sutherland, until June 30th,
1893 ; present teacher, Miss Jessie Kirkendall.
Salary, $70 per month.
Inspected, August 19th. 1892 ; present, 7 boys, 12 girls; total, 19.
November 17th, 1892; present, 12 boys, 18 girls; total, 30.
March 20th, 1893 ; present, 7 boys, 19 girls; total, 26.
Enrolled during the year, 19 boys, 23 girls; total, 42.
Average monthly attendance, 31.
Average actual daily attendance, 27.53.
Expenditure, $880.
The following is a list of enrolment, average attendance, and cost of each pupil during the
past five years :—
Year.
Enrolment.
Average
attendance.
Cost of
each pupil on
enrolment.
Cost of
each pupil on
average
attendance.
18S8-89	
46
42
59
48
42
28.50
23.99
37.27
26.92
27.53
$19 13
20 95
14 91
18 33
20 95
$30 87
1889-90  	
1890-91	
36 68
23 61
1891-92	
1892-93	
32 68
31 96
Fairfield.
Teacher, Miss Ada M.  Templer,  until June 30th,   1893;  present  teacher,  Miss  Eliza
Elmsly.
Salary, $50 per month.
No inspection.
Enrolled during the year, 13 boys, 7 girls ; total, 20.
Average monthly attendance, 15.
Average actual daily attendance, 12.10.
Expenditure, $333.33.
Cost of each pupil on enrolment, $16.66.
Cost of each pupil on average actual daily attendance, $27.54.
The school in this newly-created district was opened in November,  1892.
At the present time, there are twenty-two pupils enrolled. 380
Public Schools Report.
1893
Gabriola,  South.
Teacher, Michael McKinnon, M.x\.
Salary, $50 per month.
Inspected, April 21st, 1893 ; present, 12 boys, 4 girls; total, 16.
Enrolled during the year, 17 boys, 8 girls ; total, 25.
Average monthly attendance, 19.
Average actual daily attendance, 14.55.
Expenditure, $640.
The following is a list of enrolment, average attendance, and cost of each pupil during the
past five years :—
Year.
Enrolment.
Average
attendance.
Cost of
each pupil on
enrolment.
Cost of
each pupil on
average
attendance.
1888-89	
1889-90	
1890-91	
18
24
27
23
25
12.31
14.05
12.94
13.37
14.55
$34 57
26 66
23 70
27 82
25 60
$50 54
45 55
49 45
1891-62	
1892-93 '.	
47 86
43 98
Galiano.
Teacher, Domitian Gallant.
Salary, $50 per month.
No inspection.
Enrolled during the year, 13 boys, 7 girls ; total, 20.
Average monthly attendance, 14.
Average actual daily attendance, 12.30.
Expenditure, $440.
Cost of each pupil on enrolment, $22.
Cost of each pupil on average actual daily attendance, $35.77.
The school in this new district was opened in November, 1892.
A fair attendance is now being maintained. 57 Vict.                                  Public Schools Report.                                           58L
Genoa.
Monitor, Magnus Henderson, until June 30th, 1893 ; Monitor, until October 31st, 1893,
Miss Emily F. Pioberts.
Salary, $40 per month.
No inspection.
Enrolled during the year, 6 boys, 13 girls ; total, 19.
Average monthly attendance, 12.
Average actual daily attendance, 9.35.
Expenditure, $480.
Owing to failure to maintain the  average daily  attendance  required by the School Act,
this school was closed on October 31st, 1893.
The following is a list of enrolment, average attendance, and cost   of each pupil since the
establishment of the school :—
Year.
Enrolment.
Average
attendance.
Cost of
each pupil on
enrolment.
Cost of
each pupil ou
average
attendance.
1891-92	
1S92-93	
19
19
11.10
9.35
$12 10
25 26
$20 72
51 33
3.
Is; total, 11.
year, the Trustees have not, thus far
re-opening the school.
nee, and cost of each pupil since the
Glenwood.
Teacher, Francis J. MeKenzie, until June 30th, 189.
Salary, $50 per month.
Inspected, August 24th, 1892 ; present, 6 boys, 5 gh
Enrolled during the year, 9 boys, 7 girls; total, 16.
Average monthly attendance, 10.
Average actual daily attendance, 9.27.
Expenditure, $640.
On account of the low attendance during   the past
during the present year, deemed themselves warranted in
The following is a list of enrolment,  average attenda
establishment of the school :—
Year.
Enrolment.
Average
attendance.
Cost of
each pupil on
enrolment.
Cost of
each pupil on
average
attendance.
1890-91	
23
23
10
10.81
11.34
9.27
$24 64
27 82
40 00
$52 04
1891-92	
1892-93	
56 43
69 04 582
Public Schools Report.
1893
Golden.
Teacher, Miss Mary Lucas.
Salary, $60 per month.
Inspected, September 5th, 1892 ; present, 4 boys, 17 girls; total, 21.
Enrolled during the year, 12 boys, 22 girls ; total, 34.
Average monthly attendance, 24.
Average actual daily attendance, 19.12.
Expenditure, $760.
The following is a list of enrolment, average attendance,  and cost of each pupil since the
establishment of the school :- -
Year.
1888-89
1889-90
1890-91
1891-92
1892-93
Enrolment.     ...     , B
attendance.
11
9.00
14
9.24
19
12.02
23
11.43
34
19.12
Cost of
each pupil on
enrolment.
$ 7 91
45 20
40 00
30 43
22 35
Cost of
each pupil on
average
attendance.
$ 9 67
68 49
63 22
61 24
39 74
Gordon Head.
Teacher, Miss Marion Gordon, until October, 31st, 1892 ; J. B. Canton, until.April 4th,
1893 ; present teacher, Miss A. M. Haldon.
Salary, $50 per month.
Inspected, October 31st, 1892; present, 11 boys, 5 girls; total, 16.
February 23rd, 1893; present, 7 boys, 3 girls ; total, 10.
Enrolled during the year, 17 boys, 9 girls ; total, 26.
Average monthly attendance, 19.
Average actual daily attendance, 15.63.
Expenditure, $634.99.
At semi-annual examination held in Victoria on December 6th and 7th, 1892, Master
John Henry Somers. a pupil of this school, passed the standard required for admission to a
High School.
The following is a list of enrolment, average attendance, and cost of each pupil since the
establishment of the school :—
Year.
Enrolment.
Average
attendance.
Cost of
each pupil on
enrolment.
Cost of
each pupil on
average
attendance.
1891-92	
1892-93	
22
26
15.83
15.63
$25 13
24 42
$34 92
40-62 57 Vict.
Public Schools Report.
583
Grand Prairie.
Teacher, Robert H. Carscadden, until December 31st, 1893; present teacher,  Miss Alice
Hay.
Salary, $60 per month.
Inspected, September 16th, 1892; present, 7 boys, 8 girls; total, 15.
Enrolled during the year, 9 boys, 11 girls; total, 20.
Average monthly attendance, 18.
Average actual daily attendance, 14.63.
Expenditure, $736.77.
The following is a list of enrolment, average attendance, and cost of each pupil since the
establishment of the school :—
Year.
1888-89
1889-90
1890-91
1891-92
1892-93
Enrolment. ! j °
! attendance.
20
14.94
20
15.81
23
18.26
24
17.59
20
14.63
Cost of
each pupil on
enrolment.
$33 93
38 00
33 04
31 66
36 S3
Cost of
each pupil on
average
attendance.
$45 42
48 07
41 62
43 20
50 36
Gulfside.
Teacher, Miss A. Laidman, until June 30th, 1893 ; present teacher, Miss Amy Spragge.
Salary, $50 per month.
No inspection.
Enrolled during- the year, 15 boys, 12 girls ; total, 27.
Average monthly attendance, 16.
Average actual daily attendance, 11.60.
Expenditure, $516.66.
Cost of each pupil on enrolment, $19.13.
Cost of each pupil on average actual daily attendance, $44.54.
The school in this new district was opened in September, 1892.
At the present time, the required average daily attendance is being maintained. 584                                           Public Schools Report.                                         1893
Hall's Prairie.
Teacher.  Miss  Caroline  McLellan, until  December  31st,   1892; present  teacher,   Miss
Annie G. Waller.
Salary, $50 per month.
Inspected, August 23rd, 1892 ; present, 3 boys, 7 girls; total, 10.
Enrolled during the year, 13 boys, 15 girls; total, 28.
Average monthly attendance, 15.
Average actual daily attendance, 10.41.
Expenditure,  $517.41.
The school in this district was closed during January, February, and part of March, 1893,
on account of low attendance.
At the present time, a fair average attendance is being maintained.
The following is a list of enrolment, average attendance, and cost of each pupil during the
past five years :—
Year.
Enrolment.
Average
attendance.
Cost of
each pupil on
enrolment.
Cost of
each pupil on
average
attendance.
1888 89	
28
27
25
25
28
12.68
11.64
11.03
10.26
10.41
$22 85
23 70
24 42
24 00
18 47
$50 47
1889 90	
54 98
1890 91                              	
55 36
1891-92	
58 47
1892 93	
49 70
1893; present  teacher,   Francis J.
iris ; total, 26.
ice, and cost of each pupil since the
Haney.
Teacher,   Miss  Jessie Kirkendall,   until  June 30th,
MeKenzie.
Salary, $55 per month.
Inspected, October 27th, 1892 ; present 12 boys, 14 g
Enrolled during the year, 26 boys, 15 girls ; total, 4]
Average monthly attendance, 27.
Average actual daily attendance,  18.65.
Expenditure, $645.
The following is a list of enrolment, average attendai
establishment of the school :—
Year.
Enrolment.
Average
attendance.
Cost of
each pupil on
enrolment.
Cost of
each pupil on
average
attendance.
1888-89                      	
44
42
46
46
41
20.81
22.06
22.81
21.80
18.65
$13 40
15 23
13 91
15 21
15 73
$28 04
1889-90 	
29 01
1890-91 	
28 05
1891-92 	
32 11
1892-93	
34 58 57 Vict.
Public  Schools Report.
585
Harewood.
Teacher, Miss Mabel Bryant.
Salary, $50 per month.
Inspected, October 13th, 1892; present, 22 boys, 17 girls; total, 39.
Visited, December, 22nd, 1892 ; school closed on account of illness of teacher.
Enrolled during the year, 28 boys, 33 girls; total, 61.
Average monthly attendance, 45
Average actual daily attendance, 37.38.
Expenditure, $490.
Cost of each pupil on enrolment, $8.03.
Cost of each pupil on average actual daily attendance, $13.10.
The school in this district was opened in October, 1892.
A large average daily attendance is now being maintained.
At semi-annual examination, held in Nanaimo, on December 6th and 7th, 1892, Miss
Joan Leask, a pupil of this school, passed the standard required for admission to a High
School.
Hope.
Teacher, Miss S. O. King, until June 30th, 1893 ; present teacher, Samuel B. Campbell
Salary, $50 per month.
No inspection.
Enrolled during the year, 9 boys, 15 girls; total, 24.
Average monthly attendance, 22.
Average actual daily attendance, 18.30.
Expenditure, $622.82.
The school in this district was not closed during any of the prescribed school days for the
year.
The following is a list of enrolment, average attendance, and cost  of  each pupil during
the past five years :—
Year.
Enrolment.
1888-89	
37
37
31
20
24
1889-90	
1890-91                   	
1891-92 	
1892-93 .... 	
, Cost of
Average     !      , .,
,,     j °        ! each pupil on
attendance. , x   ,
enrolment.
16.41
$16 77
17.27
17 29
16.63
20 64
15.76
24 61
18.30
25 95
Cost of
each pupil on
average
attendance.
$37 82
37 05
38 48
40 60
34 03 586
Public Schools Report.
1893
Hornby.
Teacher, Miss S. A. Williams, until December 31st,  1892 ; present teacher, Miss Alice
E. Blake.
Salary, $50 per month.
Inspected, September 29th, 1892 ; present, 3 boys, 6 girls; total, 9.
Enrolled during the year, 9 boys, 8 girls ; total, 17.
Average monthly attendance, 15.
Average actual daily attendance. 11.33.
Expenditure, $340.
This school was not open during the latter half of the past school-year.
The following   is a list of enrolment, average attendance, and cost of each pupil since the
establishment of the school:—
Year.
Enrolment.
Average
attendance.
Cost of
each pupil on
enrolment.
Cost of
each pupil on
average
attendance.
1891-92	
20
17
14.16
11.33
$10 11
20 00
$14 28
1892-93	
30 00
Howe Sound.
Teacher, William A. Graham.
Salary, $50 per month.
No inspection.
Enrolled during the year, 14 boys, 14 girls; total, 28.
Average monthly attendance, 22.
Average actual daily attendance, 16.97.
Expenditure, $640.
The following is a list of enrolment, average attendance, and cost of each pupil since the
establishment of the school :—
Year.
Enrolment.
Average
attendance.
Cost of
each pupil on
enrolment.
Cost of
each pupil on
average
attendance.
1890-91 	
23
26
28
14.77
14.21
16.97
$13 73
22 01
22 85
$21 38
1891-92	
40 28
1892-93	
37 71 57 Vict.
Public Schools Report.
587
James Island.
Monitor, Mrs. Mary Seaton, until June 30th, 1893. .
Salary, $40 per month.
No inspection.
Enrolled during the year, 2 boys, 9 girls ; total, 11.
Average monthly attendance, 9.
Average actual daily attendance, 6.72.
Expenditure, $280.
Cost of each pupil on enrolment, $25.45.
Cost of each pupil on average actual daily attendance, $41.66.
A school was opened on this island in January, 1893, and  continued  in  operation  until
June, 1893.    A suitable room was provided by the parents.
The school is not now in operation.
Junction.
Teacher, Miss B. Dixon, until February 28th, 1893 ; present teacher, R. D. Irvine.
Salary, $50 per month.
Inspected, October 29th, 1892; present, 6 boys, 4 girls; total, 10.
Enrolled during the year, 12 boys, 11 girls ; total, 23.
Average monthly attendance, 14.
Average actual daily attendance, 10.87.
Expenditure, $590.
The following is a list of enrolment, average attendance, and cost of each pupil.since the
establishment of the school :—
Year.
Enrolment
Average
attendance.
Cost of
each pupil on
enrolment.
Cost of
each pupil on
average .
attendance.
1891-92 	
14
•23
9.87
10.87
$38 57
25 05
$54 71
54 27
1892-93 	
Kaslo.
Teacher, Miss Annie McLennan, until June 30th, 1893 ; present  teacher,  J.   J.   Miller,
B. Sc.
Salary, $70 per month.
No inspection.
Enrolled during the year, 31 boys, 15 girls ;  total, 46.
Average monthly attendance, 25.
Average actual daily attendance, 18.94.
Expenditure, $580.
Cost of each pupil on enrolment, $12.60.
Cost of each pupil on average actual daily attendance, $30.62.
This school was opened in October, 1892, in a room furnished by the residents.
At the present time sixty-seven pupils are enrolled. 588
Public Schools Report.
1893
Kelowna.
Teacher, D. W. Sutherland.
Salary, $60 per month.
No inspection.
Enrolled during the year, 12 boys, 16 girls; total, 28.
Average monthly attendance, 25.
Average actual daily attendance, 22.82.
Expenditure, $355.
Cost of each pupil on enrolment, $12.67.
Cost of each pupil on average actual daily attendance,
This school was opened in February, 1893.
The school has at present a very fair attendance.
lo.oo.
Kensington.
Teacher, Miss Mary McDowell.
Salary, $50 per month.
Inspected, August 26th, 1892; present, 9 boys, 4 girls; total, 13.
Enrolled during the year, 15 boys, 13 girls; total, 28.
Average monthly attendance, 20.
Average actual daily attendance, 14.12.
Expenditure, $640.
At semi-annual examination, held in New Westminster, on December 6th and 7th, 1892,
Miss Mary Carncross, a pupil of this school, passed the standard required for admission to a
High School.
The following is a list of enrolment, average attendance, and cost of each pupil for the
past five years : —
Year.
Enrolment.
Average
attendance.
Cost of
each pupil on
enrolment.
Cost of
each pupil on
average
attendance.
1888-89	
17
16
28
24
28
13.28
10.81
11.57
11.46
14.12
$34 70
40 00
22 85
26 66
22 S5
$44 42
1889-90	
59 20
1890-91 	
55 31
1891-92	
55 84
1892-93	
45 32 57 Vict.
Public; Schools Report.
589
Kettle River.
Teacher, I. N. Mathers, until June 30th, 1893 ; present teacher, Robert C. Johnston.
Salary, $60 per month.
No inspection.
Enrolled during the year, 15 boys, 4 girls ; total, 19.
Average monthly attendance, 14.
Average actual daily attendance, 11.75.
Expenditure, $520.
Cost of each pupil on enrolment, $27.36.
Cost of each pupil on average actual daily attendance, $44.25.
The school in this newly-created district was opened in November, 1892
At the present time twenty-four pupils are enrolled.
Teacher, William Tomlinson.
Salary, $60 per month.
Inspected, January 17th, 1893
Lake.
present, 21 boys, 11 girls; total, 32.
Examined, May 8th and 9th, 1893 ; present, 19 boys, 10 girls; total, 29.
Enrolled during the year, 28 boys, 19 girls; total, 47.
Average monthly attendance, 33.
Average actual daily attendance, 26.49.
Expenditure, $760.
The attendance during the past year is higher than that attained during any previous
year.
At examination held May 8th and 9th, 1893, Miss May E. Daniels and Master John A.
Lindsay, pupils of this school, obtained the percentage required for admission to a High
School.
The following is a list of enrolment, average attendance, and cost of each pupil during
the past five years:—
Year.
Enrolment.
Average
attendance.
Cost of
each pupil on
enrolment.
Cost of
each pupil on
average
attendance.
18S8 89 	
30
33
38
34
47
17.14
21.95
23. S9
22.00
26.49
$21 33
19 39
20 00
22 35
16 17
$37 33
1889-90 	
29 15
1890-91	
31  81
1891-92	
1892-93	
34 54
28 69 590
Public Schools Report.
1893
Langley.
Teacher, John Wright.
Salary, $50 per month.
Inspected, October 26th, 1892; present, 15 boys, 11 girls; total, 26.
Enrolled during the year, 23 boys, 20 girls ; total, 43.
Average monthly attendance, 32.
Average actual daily attendance, 25.18.
Expenditure, $640."
There has been  a marked increase in the average attendance at this school during the
past year.
The following is a list of enrolment, average attendance, and cost of each pupil during
the past five years :—
Year.
Enrolment.
Average
attendance.
Cost of
each pupil on
enrolment.
Cost of
each pupil on
average
attendance.
1888-89     	
31
32
32
35
43
14.24
15.70
15.18
17.04
25.18
$20 64
20 00
20 00
18 28
14 8S
$44 94
1889-90 	
40 76
1S90-91  ,	
42 16
1891-92 	
37 55
1892-93 	
25 41
Langley, East.
Teacher, Mrs. Calista Gibson,  until  June  30th,   1893 ; present  teacher,  Miss   Kate M.
MeKenzie.
Salary, $50 per month.
Inspected, October 26th, 1892 ; present, 5 boys, 6 girls; total, 11.
Enrolled during the year, 13 boys, 13 girls ;  total, 26.
Average monthly attendance, 15.
Average actual daily attendance, 11.06.
Expenditure, $590.
The following is a list of enrolment,  average attendance, and cost of each pupil since the
establishment of the school :—
Year.
Enrolment.
Average
attendance.
Cost of
each pupil on
enrolment.
Cost of
each pupil on
average
attendance.
1889-90                                                  	
16
20
17
26
11.18
11.41
10.9S
11.06
$17 98
27 40
29 29
22 69
$25 73
1890-91 .                               	
48 03
1891-92 	
45 36
1892 93                                         	
53 34 57 Vict.                                 Public Schools Report.                                         591
Lansdowne.
Teacher, Robert J. Armstrong.
Salary, $60 per month.
Inspected, September 12th, 1892; present, 6 boys, 8 girls; total, 14.
Enrolled during the year, 19 boys, 15 girls ; total, 34.
Average monthly attendance, 19.
Average actual daily attendance, 15.60.
Expenditure, $719.35.
The following is a list of enrolment, average attendance, and cost of each pupil  since the
establishment of the school :—
Y'ear.
Enrolment.
Average
attendance.
Cost of
each pupil on
Enrolment.
Cost of
each pupil on
average
attendance.
1891-92	
23
34
14.98
15.60
$30 43
21  15
$46 72
1892-93	
46 11
ance, and cost of each pupil during
Lillooet.
Teacher, Mrs. A. J. Colbeck.
Salary, $60 per month.
No inspection.
Enrolled during the year, 16 boys, 12 girls ; total, 2i
Average monthly attendance, 21.
Average actual daily attendance, 16.66.
Expenditure, $760.
The following is a list of enrolment,  average attend
the past five years :—
Year.
Enrolment.
Average
attendance.
Cost of
each pupil on
enrolment.
Cost of
each pupil on
average
attendance.
188S-S9	
18
18
29
24
28
10.17
8.85
15.32
15.25
16.66
$38 88
35 55
24 13
31 66
27 14
$68 82
72 31
1S89-90	
1890-91	
45 69
1891-92 	
49 83
1892-93	
45 61 392
Public Schools Report.
1893
Lochiel.
Teacher, William F. Smeeton.
Salary, $50 per month.
Inspected, August 29th, 1892 ; present, 6 boys, 8 girls ; total, 14.
Enrolled during the year, 17 boys, 10 girls ; total, 27.
Average monthly attendance, 15.
Average actual daily attendance, 11.68.
Expenditure, $590.
The following is a list of enrolment, average attendance, and cost of each pupil since the
establishment of the school :—
Year.
Enrolment.
A verage
attendance.
Cost of
each pupil on
enrolment.
Cost of
each pupil or
average
attendance.
1890-91	
25
22
27
12.16
9.52
11.68
$23 60
24 54
21 85
$48 51
56 72
1891-92 	
1892-93
50 51
Lulu.
Teacher,   William T.   Kinney,  until June 30th,   1893 ;  present teacher,   Miss  Susie E.
Walker.
Salary, $55 per month.
Inspected, November 2nd, 1892 ; present, 7 boys, 13 girls ; total, 20.
Enrolled during the year, 25 boys, 29 girls; total, 54.
Average monthly attendance, 34.
Average actual daily attendance, 26.16.
Expenditure, $640.
The attendance during the past year shows considerable increase over that of any previous year.
At semi-annual examination, held in Vancouver on June 1st and 2nd, 1893, Miss Katie
Smith and Miss Maud Moffatt, pupils of this school, passed the standard required for admission
to a High School.
The following is a list of enrolment, average attendance, and cost of each pupil during
the past five years :—
Y7ear.
Enrolment.
Average
attendance.
Cost of
each pupil on
enrolment.
Cost of
each pupil on
average
attendance.
1888-89	
38
28
34
38
54
16.20
11.71
10.86
20.00
26.16
$19 21
22 85
18 82
16 84
11 85
$45 06
1889-90	
54 65
1890-91	
58 93
1891-92 	
32 00
1892-93	
24 46 57 Vict.
Public Schools Report.
593
Lytton.
Teacher, Miss Millie Pickard.
Salary, $60 per month.
Inspected, August 26th, 1892 ; present, 6 boys, 3 girls ; total, 9.
Enrolled during the year, 7 boys, 16 girls ; total, 23.
Average monthly attendance, 1-5.
Average actual daily attendance, 11.49.
Expenditure, $760.
The following is a list of enrohnsnt, average attendance, and cost of eash pupil during the
past five years :—
Year.
Enrolment.
Average
attendance.
Cost of
each pupil on
enrolment.
Cost of
each pupil on
average
attendance.
1888-89   	
28
27
27
28
23
17.67
16.11
14.42
14.46
11.49
$27 14
28  14
28  14
27 14
33 04
$43 01
1889-90 	
47 17
1890-91 	
52 70
1891-92 	
1S92 93 	
52 55
66 14
Maple Bay.
Teacher, Miss Edith M. N. Lettice, until June 30th, 1893; present teacher, Miss Sarah
B. Truswell.
Salary, $50 per month.
Inspected, April 12th, 1893; present, 5 boys, 6 girls; total, 11.
Enrolled'during the year, 10 boys, 8 girls; total, 18.
Average monthly attendance, 13.
Average actual daily attendance, 10.40.
Expenditure, $640.
The following is a list of enrolment, average attendance, and cost of each pupil during the
past five years :—
Year.
Enrolment
Average
attendance.
Cost of
each pupil on
enrolment.
Cost of
each pupil on
average
attendance.
1888-89 	
26
23
23
20
18
11.55
11.11
10.31
10.72
10.40
$24 61
27 82
27 S2
32 00
35 55
$55 41
1889-90	
57 60
1890-91 	
62 07
1891-92   	
59 70
1892-93 	
61 53 594
Public Schools Report.
1893
Maple Ridge.
Teacher, Paul Murray.
Salary, $70 per month.
Inspected, August 24th, 1892; present, 19 boys, 11 girls; total, 30.
October 27th, 1892; present, 15 boys, 7 girls; total, 22.
Enrolled during the year, 28 boys, 18 girls ; total, 46.
Average monthly attendance, 33.
Average actual daily attendance, 27.50.
Expenditure, $880."
At semi-annual examination held in New Westminster on June 1st and 2nd, 1893,
Miss Agnes Trembath and Master George Victor Ogle, pupils of this school, passed the
standard required for admission to a High School.
The following is a list of enrolment, average attendance, and cost of each pupil during the
past five years :—
Year.
1888-89
1889-90
1890-91
1891-92
1892-93
Enrolment.
51
57
60
46
46
Average
attendance.
27.63
31 39
29.90
27.86
27.50
Cost of
each pupil on
enrolment.
$17
25
15
44
14
66
19
13
19
13
Cost of
each pupil on
average
attendance.
$31 84
28 03
29 43
31 58
32 00
Mayne Island.
Teacher, Mrs. Elsie N. Patterson, until December 31st, 1892; present teacher, James W.
Sinclair.
Salary, $50 per month.
No inspection.
Enrolled during the year, 9 boys, 14 girls ;  total, 23.
Average monthly attendance, 15.
Average actual daily attendance, 12.90.
Expenditure, $512.58.
The school in-this district was closed during January and February, 1893, on account of
retirement of the teacher at the end of December.
The. following is a list of enrolment, average attendance, and cost of each pupil during the
past five years:—
Year.
Enrolment.
Average
attendance.
Cost of
each pupil on
enrolment.
Cost of
each pupil on
average
attendance.
1888-89	
1889-90 	
33
23
20
28
23
18.83
14.95
10.88
13.33
12.90
$21 21
30 43
18 05
22 85
22 28
$37 17
46 82
1890-91 	
33 19
1891-92	
48 01
1892-93 	
39 73 57 Vict.
Public Schools Report.
595
Metchosin.
Teacher, Dawson H. Elliott.
Salary, $50 per month.
Inspected, March 2nd, 1893; present, 10 boys, 1 girl: total, 11.
Enrolled during the year, 13 boys, 6 girls; total, 19.
Average monthly attendance, 13.
Average actual daily attendance, 10.86.
Expenditure, $640.
At semi-annual examination held in Victoria on June 1st and 2nd, 1893, Master
Laurence A. Whitlaw, a pupil of this school, passed the standard required for admission to a
High School.
The following is a list of enrolment, average attendance, and cost of each pupil during
the past five years:—
Year.
Enrolment.
Average
attendance.
Cost of
each pupil on
enrolment.
Cost of
each pupil on
average
attendance.
1888-89	
14
19
17
18
19
11.40
10.69
11.65
11.40
10.86
$40 87
33 68
32 02
31 07
33 68
$50 19
1889-90	
1890-91	
59 87
46 72
1891-92 	
1892-93	
49 06
58 91
Mission.
Teacher, John D. Gillis.
Salary, $65 per month.
Monitor, Miss Agnes H. McNutt, until September 30th, 1892; present monitor, John P.
Cade.
Salary, $40 per month.
Inspected, September 12th, 1892; present, 32 boys, 26 girls; total, 58.
Enrolled during the year, 49 boys, 49 girls; total, 98.
Average monthly attendance, 73.
Average actual daily attendance, 56.05.
Expenditure, $1,260.
At semi-annual examination held in Vancouver on June 1st and 2nd, 1893, the
following pupils of this school obtained the percentage required for admission to a High
School:—
Miss Cora Tingley,
Master Charles W. Murray,
Master Frederick Fortin.
The following is a list of enrolment, average attendance, and cost of each pupil during
the past five years:—
Year.
Enrolment.
Average
attendance.
Cost of
each pupil on
enrolment.
Cost of
each pupil on
average
attendance.
1888-89             	
37
39
62
83
98
16.20
19.59
26.89
46.79
56.05
$17 29
16 41
10 32
11 90
12 85
$39 50
32 67
1889-90	
1890-91 	
23 80
1891-92           	
21 12
1892-93	
22 48 596
Public Schools Report.
1893
Moodyville.
Teacher,   Thomas   E.   Knapp,   until   June   30th,   1893;   present   teacher,   Miss   Annie
Ketcheson.
Salary, $55 per month.
Inspected, November 1st, 1892; present, 19 boys, 10 girls; total, 29.
May 6th, 1893; present, 17 boys, 6 girls; total, 23.
Enrolled during the year, 25 boys, 12 girls; total, 37.
Average monthly attendance, 27.
Average actual daily attendance, 22.41.
Expenditure, $700.
The following is a list of enrolment, average attendance, and cost of each pupil during the
past five years :—
Year.
Enrolment.
Average
attendance.
Cost of
each pupil on
enrolment.
Cost of
each pupil on
average
attendance.
1888-89	
39
34
36
13.42
16.63
20.18
21.92
22.41
$17 94
20 59
19 44
15 90
18 91
$52 16
1889-90	
42 09
1890-91 	
34 68
1891-92	
44
37
31 93
1892-93 	
31 25
Mountain.
Teacher, Alfred J. Pearsall.
Salary, $60 per month.
Monitor, Miss Maud M. R. Walker, until June 30th, 1893; present monitor, Miss Kate
C. Smith.
Salary, $40 per month.
Inspected, October 12th, 1892; present, 30 boys, 20 girls; total, 50.
December 19th, 1892 ; present, 24 boys, 12 girls; total, 36.
April 19th, 1893; present, 24 boys, 17 girls; total, 41.
Enrolled during the year, 54 boys, 44 girls; total, 98.
Average monthly attendance, 63.
Average actual daily attendance, 45.08.
Expenditure, $1,290.
The following is a list of enrolment, average attendance, and cost of each pupil during the
past five years: —
Year.
Enrolment.
Average
attendance.
Cost of
each pupil on
enrolment.
Cost of
each pupil on
average
attendance.
1888-89	
66
81
187
146
98
34.25
39.36
57.67
51.11
45.08
$ 9 69
7 90
4 09
8 76
13 16
$18 68
1889-90	
16 26
1890-91	
13 26
1891-92	
25 04
1892-93	
28 61 57 Vict.
Public Schools Report.
597
Mount Lehman.
Teacher, James R. McLeod, until June 30th, 1893; present teacher, John D. McLean.
Salary, $50 per month.
Inspected, October 25th, 1892; present, 7 boys, 13 girls; total, 20.
Enrolled during the year, 17 boys, 20 girls; total, 37.
Average monthly attendance, 26.
Average actual daily attendance, 20.86.
Expenditure, $640.
The following is a list of enrolment, average attendance, and cost of each pupil during
the past five years:—
Year.
Enrolment.
Average
attendance.
Cost of
each pupil on
enrolment.
Cost of
each pupil on
average
attendance.
1888-89	
31
33
34
44
37
15.71
15.35
20.05
20.49
20.86
$20 64
19 39
18 82
14 54
17 29
$40 73
1889-90 	
41 69
1890-91	
31 92
1891-92 	
31 23
1892-93   	
30 68
Mud Bay.
Teacher, Thomas Leith.
Salary, $50 per month.
Inspected, August 23rd, 1892; present, 4 boys, 12 girls ; total, 16.
Enrolled during the year, 17 boys, 18 girls ; total, 35.
Average monthly attendance, 19.
Average actual daily attendance, 14.21.
Expenditure, $640.
The following
past five years :—
is a list of enrolment, average attendance, and cost of each pupil during the
Year.
Enrolment.
1888-89	
43
31
39
33
35
18S9-90 	
1890-91 	
1891-92 	
1R92-A3      	
Average
attendance.
14.61
11.33
12.79
15.60
14.21
Cost of
each pupil on
enrolment.
m 88
18 92
15 12
19 39
18 28
Cost of
each pupil on
average
attendance.
$43 80
51 77
46 13
41 02
45 03 598
Public Schools Report.
1893
Nanoose.
Teacher, Miss Lizzie M. Speers.
Salary, $50 per month.
No inspection.
Enrolled during the year, 3 boys, 8 girls ; total, 11.
Average monthly attendance, 11.
Average actual daily attendance, 10.38.
Expenditure, $225.48.
The school in this district was re-opened in October, 1892, and was closed in January on
account of retirement of teacher.
The following is a list of enrolment, average attendance, and cost of each pupil since the
establishment of the school:—
Year.
Enrolment.
Average
attendance.
Cost of
each pupil on
enrolment.
Cost of
each pupil on
average
attendance.
1891-92 	
16
11
10.79
10.38
$22 59
20 49
$33 51
1892-93	
21 72
Nelson.
Teacher, Miss Stella Kane.
Salary, $70 per month.
No inspection.
Enrolled during the year, 26 boys, 17 girls ; total, 43.
Average monthly attendance, 24.
Average actual daily attendance, 19.08.
Expenditure, $870.
The remark made in last Annual School Report—that the average daily attendance does
not compare favourably with the enrolment—is equally applicable to the record of the past
year.
The following is a list of enrolment, average attendance, and cost of eich pupil since the
establishment of the school :—
Year.
Enrolment.
Average
attendan oe.
Cost of
each pupil on
enrolment.
Costof
each pupil on
average
attendance.
1891-92	
37
43
15.75
19.03
$15 67
20 23
$36 82
45 59
1892-93	 57 Vict.
Public Schools Report.
599
Nicola.
Tea3her, Miss Jessie McQueen, until June 30th, 1893; present teacher, Samuel Moore, B.A.
Salary, $60 per month.
Inspected, September 1st, 1892 ; present, 4 boys, 5 girls; total, 9.
Enrolled during the year, 10 boys, 13 girls ; total, 23.
Average monthly attendance, 17.
Average actual daily attendance, 12.95.
Expenditure, $760.
The following is a list of enrolment, average attendance, and cost of each pupil during the
past five years : —
Year.
Enrolment.
188S-89
1889-90
1890-91
1891-92
1892-93
30
26
28
25
23
Average
attendance.
18.82
17.59
19.50
15.63
12.95
Cost of
each pupil on
enrolment.
$25 33
29 23
27 14
29 08
33 04
Cost of
each pupil on
average
attendance.
$40 38
43 20
38 97
46 51
58 68
Nicola Valley.
Teacher, Joseph Irwin, until June 30th, 1893 ; present teacher, Hiram H. Schuyler, B. A.
Salary, $60 per month.
Inspected, August 31st, 1892 ; present, 4 boys, 7 girls; total, 11.
September 1st, 1892 ; present, 4 boys, 5 girls ; total, 9.
Enrolled during the year, 16 boys, 12 girls ; total, 28.
Average monthly attendance, 14.
Average actual daily attendance, 10.41.
Expenditure, $760.
The following is a list of enrolment, average attendance, and cost of each pupil during the
past five years :—
Year.
Enrolment.
Average
attendance.
Cost of
each pupil on
enrolment
Cost of
each pupil on
average
attendance.
1888-89	
21
20
17
18
28
11,34
10.22
10.22
12.33
10.41
$36 19
38 00
42 35
41  18
27 14
$67 01
1889-90	
74 36
1890-91 	
70 45
1891-92	
60 11
73 00 600
Public Schools Report.
1893
Nicomin.
Teacher, Samuel B. Campbell, until June 30th, 1893; present teacher, Timothy W. Shine.
Salary, $50 per month.
Inspected, September 9th, 1892 ; present, 4 boys, 2 girls ; total, 6.
Enrolled during the year, 16 boys, 12 girls; total, 28.
Average monthly attendance, 18.
Average actual daily attendance, 11.69.
Expenditure, $640.
The following is a list of enrolment, average attendance, and cost of each pupil since the
establishment of the school: —
Year.
Enrolment.
Average
attendance.
Cost of
each pupil on
enrolment.
Cost of
each pupil on
average
attendance.
1890 91	
25
34
28
10.44
15.48
11.69
$17 00
17 35
22 85
$40 70
1891-92	
1892-93  	
38 11
North Arm.
Teacher, Miss Elizabeth Harding, until June 30th,   1893; present teacher,  Miss  Amy
Rhodes.
Salary, $50 per month.
Inspected, November 2nd, 1892 ; present, 5 boys, 8 girls ; total, 13.
Enrolled during the year, 11 boys, 15 girls; total, 26.
Average monthly attendance, 15.
Average actual daily attendance, 10.26.
Expenditure, $690.
The following is a list of enrolment, average attendance, and cost of each pupil during the
past five years :—
Year.
Enrolment.
Average
attendance.
Cost of
each pupil on
enrolment.
Cost of
each pupil on
average
attendance.
1888-89	
27
23
25
21
26
14.48
11 40
13.50
12.27
10.26
$23 70
26 71
25 60
22 33
26 54
$44 19
53 90
1889-90	
1890-91	
47 40
1891-92	
38 22
1892-93	
67 25 57 Vict.
Public Schools Report.
601
North Nanaimo.
Teacher, Miss Alice L. Johnston.
Salary, $50 per month.
Inspected, October 13th, 1892; present, 15 boys, 11 girls; total, 26.
Visited, December 22nd, 1892.
Enrolled during the year, 21 boys, 16 girls ; total, 37.
Average monthly attendance, 25.
Average actual daily attendance, 20.78.
Expenditure, $540.
Cost of each pupil on enrolment, $14.59.
Cost of each pupil on average actual daily attendance, $25.98.
This school was opened in September, 1892, and has thus far maintained a good  average
attendance.
North Thompson.
Teacher, Archibald D. McLennan.
Salary, $60 per month.
Inspected, September 19th, 1892; present, 9 boys, 1 girl; total, 10.
Enrolled during the year, 19 boys, 2 girls ; total, 21.
Average monthly attendance, 12.
Average actual daily attendance, 10.35.
Expenditure, $743.65.  .
The following is a list of enrolment, average attendance, and cost of each pupil during the
past five years :—
Year.
18S8-89
1889-90
189U-91
1891-92
1892-93
Enrolment.
23
24
26
25
21
Average
attendance.
11.29
12.80
11.03
11.02
10.35
Cost of
each pupil on
enrolment.
$33 04
31 12
29 23
30 40
35 41
Cost of
each pupil on
average
attendance.
$67 31
58 35
68 90
68 96
71 85 602                                        Public Schools Report.                                        1893
Okanagan.
Teacher, Frederick J. Watson.
Salary, $60 per month.
Inspected, September 10th, 1892; present, 10 boys, 7 girls ; total, 17.
Enrolled during the year, 17 boys, 16 girls ; total, 33.
Average monthly attendance, 20.
Average actual daily attendance, 14.09.
Expenditure, $760.
The following is  a list of enrolment, average attendance, and cost of each  pupil  during
the past five years :—
Year.
Enrolment.
Average
attendance.
Cost of
each pupil on
enrolment.
Cost of
each pupil on
average
attendance.
1888-89	
1889-90	
28
25
26
23
33
12.48
11.23
10.90
12.26
14.09
$27 13
30 19
29 23
33 04
23 04
$60 89
67 21
1890-91	
69 72
1891-92	
1892-93	
61 99
53 93
Is ;  total, 13.
).
nee, and cost of each pupil since the
Otter.
Teacher, William McDonagh.
Salary, $50 per month.
Inspected, August 30th, 1892; present, 8 boys, 5 gii
Enrolled during the year, 16 boys, 13 girls ; total, 2!
Average monthly attendance, 19.
Average actual daily attendance, 13.55.
Expenditure, $640.
The following is a list of enrolment, average attenda
establishment, of the school :—
Year.
Enrolment.
Average
attendance.
Cost of
each pupil on
enrolment.
Cost of
each pupil on
average
attendance.
1889-90	
24
29
26
29
10.90
10.61
11.95
13.55
$24 58
19 17
23 12
22 06
$54 12
1890-91	
52 41
1891-92	
50 31
1892 93                                    	
47 23
• 57 Vict.
Public Schools Report.
603
Oyster.
Teacher, George Kirkendall.
Salary, $50 per month.
Inspected, April 14th, 1893; present, 7 boys, 4 girls; total, 11.
Enrolled during the year, 9 boys, 4 girls; total, 13.
Average monthly attendance, 11.
Average actual daily attendance, 10.40.
Expenditure, $640.
The following is a list of enrolment, average attendance, and cost of each pupil during the
past five years :—
Year.
Enrolment.
1888-89.
1889-93.
1890-91.
1891-92.
1892-93.
22
17
16
15
13
. Cost of
Average , ..
..      , s each pupil on
attendance. i       *
enrolment.
12.80
13.37
12.44
10.41
10.40
$29 09
37 64
39 00
41 80
49 23
Cost of
each pupil on
average
attendance.
$50 00
47 86
50 17
60 23
61 53
Oyster, North.
Teacher, Miss Nellie G. Wilson, until June 30th,   1893 ; present  teacher, Miss Marjorie
Sloan.
Salary, $50 per month.
Inspected, April 18th, 1893 ; present, 8 boys, 4 girls ; total, 12.
Enrolled during the year, 12 boys, 8 girls ; total, 20.
Average monthly attendance, 14.
Average actual daily attendance, 11.14.
Expenditure, $640.
The following is a list of enrolment, average attendance, and  cost of each pupil since the
establishment of the school :—
Year.
Enrolment.
Average
attendance.
Cost of
each pupil on
enrolment.
Cost of
each pupil on
average
attendance.
1891-92	
1892-93	
18
20
10.46
11.14
$13 33
32 00
$22 94
57 45 604
Public Schools Report.
1893
Port Kells.
Teacher, Miss Mary E. Speirs, until March 31st, 1893; Miss Myrtie B. Ackerman, until
June 30th, 1893 ; present teacher, Miss Elizabeth Sayer.
Salary, $50 per month.
Inspected, October 27th, 1892 ; present, 8 boys, 4 girls ; total, 12.
Enrolled during the year, 18 boys, 7 girls; total, 25.
Average monthly attendance, 14.
Average actual daily attendance, 9.53.
Expenditure,
The following is a list of enrolment, average attendance, and cost of each pupil since the
establishment of the school :—
Year.
Enrolment.
Average
attendance.
Cost of
each pupil on
enrolment.
Cost of
each pupil on
average
attendance.
1891-92	
21
25
10.96
9.53
$28 09
25 60
$53 83
1892-93
67  15
Port Moody
Teacher, John D. Buchanan.
Salary, $55 per month.
Inspected, October 31st, 1892 ; present, 14 boys, 4 girls; total, 18.
Enrolled during the year, 24 boys, 14 girls ; total, 38.
Average monthly attendance, 25.
Average actual daily attendance, 18.27.
Expenditure, $700.
At semi-annual examination held in New Westminster, on June   1st and 2nd, 1893, the
following pupils of this school, passed the standard required for admission to a High School:—
Master Frank Dockrill,
Master Ernest J. Johnston.
The following is a list of enrolment, average attendance, and cost of each pupil during the
past five years :—
Year.
Enrolment.
Average
attendance.
Cost of
each pupil on
enrolment.
Cost of
each pupil on
average
attendance.
1888-89	
1889-90	
1890-91	
59
48
47
47
38
27.93
23.58
23.04
23.25
18.27
$11 86
14 58
14 89
14 89
18 42
$25 06
29 68
30 38
1891-92	
1892-93	
30 10
38 31 57 Vict.                                Public Schools Report.                                          605
Prairie.
Teacher, Robert J. Plaxton.
Salary, $50 per month.
Inspected, August 29th, 1892 ; present, 14 boys, 20 girls ; total, 34.
Enrolled during the year, 18 boys, 29 girls ; total, 47.
Average monthly attendance, 34.
Average actual daily attendance, 28.19.
Expenditure, $640.
The following is a list of enrolment, average attendance, and cost of each pupil during the
past five years : —
Year.
Enrolment.
Average
attendance.
Cost of
each pupil on
enrolment.
Cost of
each pupil on
average
attendance.
1888 89	
37
35
43
46
47
16.23
15 52
18.03
22.51
28.19
$17 29
18 23
14 88
13 91
13 61
$39 43
1889-90 ..            	
41  13
1890-91   .                    	
35 49
1891-92	
28 43
1892-93	
22 70
iris ; total, 37.
iris ; total, 33.
,   Miss  Eliza Milligan and Master
-ird required for admission to a High
ice, and cost of each pupil since the
Puntledge.
Teacher, John B. Bennett.
Salary, $60 per month.
Inspected, October 4th, 1892; present, 19 boys, 18 g
October 5th, 1892 ; present, 15 boys, 18 g
Enrolled during the year, 21 boys, 27 girls ; total, 46
Average monthly attendance, 38.
Average actual daily attendance, 29.80.
Expenditure, $700.
At  examination  held  October  4th  and   5th,   189:
Winfred Rennison, pupils of this school, passed the stand
School.
The following is a list of enrolment, average attendai
establishment of the school:—
Year.
Enrolment.
Average
attendance.
Cost of
each pupil on
enrolment.
Cost of
each pupil on
average
attendance.
1891-£2	
1892-93	
52
48
25.16
29.80
$11 34
14 58
$23 44
23 48 606                                          Public Schools Report.                                          1893
Quamichan.
Teacher, Miss Annie Robotham.
Salary, $50 per month.
Inspected, April 11th, 1893 ; present, 2 boys, 10 girls; total, 12.
Enrolled during the year, 8 boys, 18 girls ; total, 26
Average monthly attendance, 17.
A verage actual daily attendance, 11.88.
Expenditure, $640.
The following is a list of enrolment, average attendance, and cost of each pupil during the
past five years :—
Year.
Enrolment.
Average
attendance.
Cost of
each pupil on
enrolment.
Cost of
each pupil on
average
attendance.
1888-89   	
27
28
38
28
26
15.88
15.21
16.99
14.51
11.88
$23 70
22 85
16 84
22 85
24 61
$40 30
1889-90 	
42 07
1890-91 	
37 66
1891-92	
44 10
1892-93	
53 87
ce, and cost of each pupil during the
Quesnelle.
Teacher, John A. Fraser.
Salary, $70 per month.
No inspection.
Enrolled during the year, 11 boys, 12 girls ; total, 22
Average monthly attendance, 16.
Average actual daily attendance, 12.09.
Expenditure, $880.
The following is a list of enrolment, average attendan
past five years :—
Y'ear.
Enrolment.
Average
attendance.
Cost of
each pupil on
enrolment.
Cost of
each pupil on
average
attendance.
1888-89	
21
18
18
25
23
10.91
12.10
10.02
11.33
12.09
$42 61
48 88
48 88
33 48
38 26
$82 03
1889-90	
1890-91	
1891-92	
1892-93	
72 72
87 82
73 88
72 78 57 Vict.                                Public Schools Report.                                          607
Revelstoke.
Teacher, Hiram H. Schuyler, B.A., until January 31st, 1893 ; present teacher, Frederick
W. Laing, B.A
Salary, $60 per month.
Inspected, September 7th, 1892 ; present, 8 boys, 16 girls; total, 24.
Enrolled during the year, 18 boys, 33 girls ; total, 51.
Average monthly attendance, 29.
Average actual daily attendance, 22.40.
Expenditure, $688 94.
The school in this district was not re-opened until August 20th,   1892,  and  was   closed
during part of February, 1893, on account of change of teacher.
The following is a list of enrolment, average attendance, and cost of each pupil during the
past five years : —
Year.
Enrolment.
Average
attendance.
Cost of
each pupil on
enrolment.
Cost of
each pupil on
average
attendance.
1888 89
Not open.
44
38
44
51
1889-90	
18.08
16.07
18.76
22.40
$15 64
18 42
17 27
13 50
$38 07
1890-91	
1891-92	
1892-93	
43 55
40 51
30 75
93 ;   present teacher, Miss Mary G.
; total, 10.
ice, and cost of each pupil during the
Rocky Point.
Teacher,   Robert  C.   Johnston,  until June  30th, 15
Dobeson.
Salary, $50 per month.
Inspected, March 3rd, 1893; present, 6 boys, 4 girls
Enrolled during the year, 6 boys, 7 girls; total, 13.
Average monthly attendance, i2.
Average actual daily attendance, 10.80.
Expenditure, $640.
The following is a list of enrolment, average attendai
past five years :—
Year.
Enrolment.
Average
attendance.
Cost of
each pupil on
enrolment.
Cost of
each pupil on
average
attendance.
1888-89	
18
21
17
13
13
11.93
12.34
11.99
10.83
10.80
$35 55
30 47
37 64
49 23
49 23
$53 64
1889-90 	
51 86
1890-91	
53 37
1891-92	
59 09
1892-93	
59 26 608                                        Public Schools Report.                                         189-3
ROSEDALE.
Teacher, William G. Thomson.
Salary, $50 per month.
Inspected, September 8th, 1892; present, 12 boys, 9 girls; total, 21.
Enrolled during the year, 19 boys, 19 girls; total, 38.
Average monthly attendance, 23.
Average actual daily attendance, 17.69.
Expenditure, $640.
The following is a list of enrolment,  average attendance, and cost of each pupil since the
establishment of the school :—
Y'ear.
Enrolment.
Average
attendance.
Cost of
each pupil on
enrolment.
Cost of
each pupil on
average
attendance.
1890-91	
1891 92	
1892 93..
31
37
38
19.03
20.20
17.69
$17 41
17 29
16 84
$28 37
31 68
36 17
h, 1892; present teacher, Henry A.
on.
lly comply with the requirements of
the past school-year until September
ice, and cost of each pupil during the
Round Prairie.
Teacher, Miss Martha J. Norris, until September 14
Fraser.
Salary, $60 per month.
Visited, September 12th, 1892 ; school not in operat
Enrolled during the year, 15 boys, 12 girls; total, 27
Average monthly attendance, 16.
Average actual daily attendance, 11.47.
Expenditure, $760.'
Owing  to  failure  on   the  part  of the Trustees to ft
section 50 of the Act, this school was not re-opened durinr.
15th, 1892.
The following is a list of enrolment, average attendai
past five years :—
Year.
Enrolment.
Average
attendance.
Cost of
each pupil on
enrolment.
Cost of
each pupil on
average
attendance.
1888 89	
21
IS
22
29
27
11.58
11.00
11.10
11.44
11.47
$36 19
42 22
34 54
26 20
28 14
$65 63
1889 90  .            	
69 09
1890-91	
6S 46
1891 92	
1892-93	
66 43
66 25 57 Vict.
Public Schools Report.
609
Saanich,  North.
Teacher, Oliver H. Cogswell, B. A.
Salary, $75 per month.
Inspected, January 18th, 1893 ; present, 16 boys, 19 girls; total, 35.
Examined, May 10th and 11th, 1893; present, 19 boys, 21 girls; total, 40.
Enrolled during the year, 23 boys, 30 girls ; total, 53.
Average monthly attendance, 40.
Average actual daily attendance, 32.91.
Expenditure, $940.
At examination held May 9th and 10th, 1893,  Master William H. Brethour,  a pupil of
this school,, passed the standard required for admission to a High School.
It is worthy of remark that this school was taught during each of the whole number of
prescribed teaching days of the year.
The following is a list of enrolment, average attendance, and cost of each pupil during the
past five years :—
Year.
1888-89
18S9-90
1890-91
1891-92
1892-93
Enrolment.
50
61
50
59
53
Average
attendance.
31.62
39.46
38.47
38.85
32.91
Co^t of
each pupil on
enrolment.
$17 60
14 42
17 60
14 91
17 73
Cost of
each pupil on
average
attendance.
$27 83
22 30
22 87
22 65
28 56
Saanich, South.
Teacher, George H. Sluggett.
Salary, $75 per month.
Inspected, January 18th, 1893 ; present, 15 boys, 22 girls; total, 37.
May 11th, 1893 ; present, 15 boys, 19 girls; total, 34.
Enrolled during the year, 24 boys, 36 girls ; total, 60.
Average monthly attendance, 42.
Average actual daily attendance, 33.17.
Expenditure, $940.
The following is a list of enrolment, average attendance, and cost of each pupil during the
past five years :—
Year.
Enrolment.
1SS8-89	
51
39
52
63
60
1889-90  	
1890-91	
1891-92	
1892-93	
Average
attendance.
27.61
26.33
32.04
36.86
33.17
Cost of
each pupil on
enrolment.
$19 60
25 64
16 92
13 96
15 66
Cost of
each pupil on
average
attendance.
$36 21
37 97
27 46
23 87
28 33 610
Public Schools Report.
1893
Saanich, West.
.   Teacher, Joseph McK. McLennan, until August 26th,  1892 ; present teacher, Edmund
Caspell.
Salary, $60 per month.
Inspected, January 17th, 1893 ; present, 8 boys, 10 girls; total, 18.
Examined, May 9th and 10th, 1893 ; present, 8 boys, 12 girls ; total, 20.
Enrolled during the year, 13 boys, 18 girls ; total, 31.
Average monthly attendance, 23.
Average actual daily attendance, 18.47.
Expenditure, $760.
At examination held May 9th and  10th,   1893,  Miss Susan M. Hagan, a pupil of this
school, obtained the percentage required for admission to a High School.
The following is a list of enrolment, average attendance, and cost of each pupil during the
past five years :—
Year.
Enrolment.
Average
attendance.
Cost of
each pupil on
enrolment.
Cost of
each pupil on
average
attendance.
1888-89 	
35
32
24
21
31
17.94
16.61
17.30
13.91
18.47
$21 71
23 43
31 66
36 19
24 51
$42 36
18S9-90	
45 15
1890-91	
43 93
1891-92 	
54 63
1892-93 	
41 14
Sahtlam.
Monitor, Miss Margaret McDowell.
Salary, $40 per month.
No inspection.
Enrolled during the year, 6 boys, 5 girls
Average monthly attendance, 8.
Average actual daily attendance, 6.07.
Expenditure, $480.
total, 11.
The following is a list of enrolment, average attendance, and cost of each pupil since  the
establishment of the school:—
Year.
Enrolment.
Average
attendance.
Cost of
each pupil on
enrolment.
Cost of
each pupil on
average
attendance.
1890-91	
10
9
11
6.37
7.23
6.07
$30 67
40 00
43 63
$48 15
1S91-92   	
49 79
1892-93 	
79 09 57 Vict.
Public Schools Repoet.
611
Salmon Arm.
Teacher, Miss Florence M. Goodridge, until December 31st, 1892; Miss Clara C. Warren,
until June 30th, 1893; present teacher, Joseph Irwin.
Salary, $60 per month.
Inspected, September 14th, 1892; present, 13 boys, 12 girls; total, 25.
Enrolled during the year, 15 boys, 16 girls ; total, 31.
Average monthly attendance, 26.
Average actual daily attendance, 21.08.
Expenditure, $760.
The following is a list of enrolment, average attendance, and cost of each pupil since the
establishment of the school :—
Year.
Enrolment.
Average
attendance.
Cost of
each pupil on
enrolment.
Cost of
each pupil on
average
attendance.
1890-91	
18
25
31
10.59
17.99
21.08
$36 66
30 40
24 51
$62 32
1891-92	
42 24
1892 93	
36 05
Sea Island.
Teacher, Miss Edith E. Robinson, until December 31st, 1892; Miss Elizabeth Murray,
until March 30th, 1893; Miss Margaret L. Wilson, until June 30th, 1893; present
teacher, Miss Ellen C. Bennett.
Salary, $50 per month.
Inspected, November 2nd, 1892; present, 10 boys, 5 girls; total, 15.
Enrolled during the year, 24 boys, 16 girls; total, 40.
Average monthly attendance, 28.
Average actual daily attendance, 20.94.
Expenditure, $589.03.
This school was not in  operation during part of January  and April, 1893, on account of
change of teachers.
The following is a list of enrolment, average attendance, and cost of each pupil since the
establishment of the school: —
Year.
Enrolment.
Average
attendance.
Cost of
each pupil on
enrolment.
Cost of
each pupil on
average
attendance.
1890-91	
22
31
40
12.23
12.58
20.94
$18 78
20 64
14.72
$33 79
50 87
1891-92	
1892 93	
28.12 612
Public Schools Report.
1893
Serpentine.
Teacher,   Martin J.   Ravey,  until  June  30th, 1893;  present  teacher,   Miss  Martha  S.
Miller.
Salary, $50 per month.
Inspected, October 28th, 1892; present, 7 boys, 8 girls; total, 15.
Enrolled during the year, 12 boys, 12 girls ; total, 24.
Average monthly attendance, 15.
Average actual daily attendance, 11.88.
Expenditure, $640.
The following is a list of enrolment, average attendance, and cost of each pupil since the
establishment of the school:—
Year.
Enrolment.
Average
attendance.
Cost of
each pupil on
enrolment.
Cost of
each pupil on
average
attendance.
1891-92 	
23
24
13.06
11.88
$25 65
26 66
$45 17
1892-93	
53 87
Shawnigan.
Teacher, James A. Hoy.
Salary, $50 per month.
Inspected, April 10th, 1893; present 7 boys, 6 girls; total, 13.
Enrolled during the year, 19 boys, 16 girls ; total, 35.
Average monthly attendance, 21.
Average actual daily attendance, 14.92.
Expenditure, $640.
The following is a list of enrolment, average attendance, and  cost of each pupil during
the past five years:—
Year.
1888-89
1889-90
1S90-91
1891-92
1892-93
Enrolment.
24
25
27
32
35
. Cost of
Average , .,
4.4.    j each pupil on
attendance. i       *
enrolment.
11.35
12.18
13.28
15.90
14.92
$26 66
25 60
23 70
20 00
18 28
Cost of
each pupil on
average
attendance.
$56 38
52 54
48 19
40 25
42 89 57 Vict.
Public; Schools Report.
613
Shuswap Prairie (Shuswap).
Teacher,   Miss   Sara  Preston,  until June  30th,   189 3 ;   present  teacher,   Miss   Martha
McDowell.
Salary, $60 per month.
Inspected, September 15th, 1892 ; present, 3 boys, 9 girls ; total, 12.
Enrolled during the year, 5 boys, 15 girls ; total, 20.
Average monthly attendance, 13.
Average actual daily attendance, 11.86.
Expenditure, $760.
The following is a list of  enrolment,  average  attendance, and cost of each pupil during
the past five years :—
Year.
Enrolment.
Average
attendance.
Cost of
each pupil on
enrolment.
Cost of
each pupil on
average
attendance.
1888-S9	
1889-90	
17
23
22
18
20
10.92
12.56
12.66
11.SO
11.86
$44 70
30 94
34 54
42 22
38 00
$69 58
56 65
1890-91	
60 03
1891-92...	
64 40
64 08
Silverdale.
Teacher, Miss Agnes H. McNutt.
Salary, $50 per month.
Inspected, October 24th, 1892 ; present, 6 boys, 4 girls ; total, 10.
Enrolled during the year, 9 boys, 9 girls ; total, 18.
Average monthly attendance, 13.
Average actual daily attendance, 10.94.
Expenditure, $490.
Cost of each pupil on enrolment, $27.22.
Cost of each pupil on average daily attendance, $44.78.
The school in this newly-created district was opened in October, 1892.
bIMILKAMEEN.
Teacher, Donald E. McGillivray.
Salary, $60 per month.
No inspection.
Enrolled during the year, 21 boys, 7 girls ; total, 28.
Average monthly attendance, 13.
Average actual daily attendance, 9.58.
Expenditure, $700.
Cost of each pupil on enrolment, $25.00.
Cost of each pupil on average actual daily attendance, $73.06.
The school in this district was opened in August, 1892. 614
Public Schools Report.
1893
Simpson.
Teacher, Miss Caroline M. Hall.
Salary, $60 per month.
No inspection.
Enrolled during the year, 8 boys, 16 girls; total, 24.
Average monthly attendance, 20.
Average actual daily attendance, 18.41.
Expenditure, $616.
Cost of each pupil on enrolment, $25.66.
Cost of each pupil on average actual daily attendance, $33.46.
The school in this district was opened in September, 1892.
Somenos.
Teacher, Miss Jeannette Mebius.
Salary, $50 per month.
Inspected, April 12th, 1893; present, 7 boys, 8 girls; total, 15.
Enrolled during the year, 9 boys, 12 girls ; total, 21.
Average monthly attendance, 17.
Average actual daily attendance, 13.03.
Expenditure, $640.
The following is a list of enrolment, average attendance, and cost of each pupil during the
past five years :—
Year.
Enrolment. ■
Average
attendance.
Cost of
each pupil on
enrolment.
Cost of
each pupil on
average
attendance.
1888-89	
30
22
23
25
21
18.10
11.49
12.32
15.10
13.03
$21 33
29 09
27 82
24 50
30 47
$35 35
55 70
51 94
40 56
49 11
1889-90	
1890-91	
1891-92	
1892-93	 57 Vict.
Public Schools Report.
615
SOOKE.
Teacher,  John  J.  Stephenson,   until   February   28th,   1893;   present teacher,   Magnus
Henderson.
Salary, $50 per month.
Visited, March 3rd, 1893 ; school not in operation.
Enrolled during the year, 10 boys, 11 girls; total, 21.
Average monthly attendance, 15.
Average actual daily attendance, 11.10.
Expenditure, $440.
This school was closed in February, 1893, on account of low attendance and resignation
of teacher.
The following is a list of enrolment, average attendance, and cost of each pupil during the
past five years :—
Year.
Enrolment.
1888-89	
34
31
44
30
21
1889-90	
1890-91                   	
1891-92	
1892-93  	
Average
attendance.
20.97
19.42
24.02
14.82
11.10
Cost of
each pi
pil on
enrolment.
$26
32
30
28
21
88
21
33
20
95
Cost of
each pupil on
average
attendance.
$42 68
48 34
40 09
43 18
39 64
Sooke, East.
Teacher, George A. Ferguson, until November  13th,   1892; Samuel  G.   Johnston,  until
June 30th, 1893 ; present teacher, Annesley A. Woods.
Salary, $50 per month.
Visited, March 3rd, 1893 ; school not in operation.
Enrolled during the year, 11 boys, 9 girls ; total, 20.
Average monthly attendance, 14.
Average actual daily attendance, 9.97.
Expenditure, $511.67.
On account of the retirement of the teacher, this school was closed from November   13th,
1892, until January, 1893.
The following is a list of enrolment, average attendance, and cost of each pupil since the
establishment of the school: —
Year.
Enrolment.
Average
attendance.
Cost of
each pupil on
enrolment.
Cost of
each pupil on
average
attendance.
1891-92	
1892-93	
15
20
9.29
9.97
$17 88
25 58
$28 88
51 32 616
Public Schools Report.
1893
SOUTHFIELD.
Teacher, Miss Kate Cairns.
Salary, $50 per month.
Inspected, April 17th, 1893; present, 7 boys, 3 girls ; total, 10.
Visited, April 18th, 1893.
Enrolled during the year, 18 boys, 22 girls; total, 40.
Average monthly attendance, 27.
Average actual daily attendance, 17.64.
Expenditure, $640
The following is a list of enrolment, average attendance, and cost of each pupil since the
establishment of the school :—
Year.
Enrolment.
A verage
attendance.
Cost of
each pupil on
enrolment.
Cost of
each pupil on
average
attendance.
1891-92 	
3S
40
18.55
17.64
$11 57
16 00
$23 71
1892-93 	
36 28
Spallumcheen.
Teacher, Miss Harriet Isaac.
Salary, $60 per month.
Inspected, September 12th, 1892; present, 7 boys, 9 girls; total, 16.
Enrolled during the year, 15 boys, 13 girls; total, 28.
Average monthly attendance, 14.
Average actual daily attendance, 11.48.
Expenditure, $680.10.
The following is a list of enrolment, average attendance, and cost of each pupil during the
past five years :—
Year.
Enrolment.
Average
attendance.
Cost of
each pupil on
enrolment.
Cost of
each pupil on
average
attendance.
1888-89	
14
16
9.95
9.95
$54 28
47 50
$76 38
1889-90 	
76 38
1890-91 Closed
1891-92   Closed
1892-93	
28
11.48
24 28
59 24 57 Vict.
Public Schools Report.
617
Spence's Bridge.
Teacher, Thomas Clyde.
Salary, $50 per month.
No inspection.
Enrolled during the ) ear, 7 boys, 5 girls ; total, 12.
Average monthly attendance, 8.
Atverage actual daily attendance, 7.48.
Expenditure, $600.
The following is a list of enrolment, average attendance, and cost of each pupil during the
past five years :—
Year.
Enrolment.
Average
attendance.
Cost of
each pupil on
enrolment.
Cost of
each pupil on
average
attendance.
1888-89	
11
12
14
13
12
7.9S
8.30
11.16
10.06
7.48
$54 54
50 00
39 28
42 69
50 00
$75 18
18S9-90 	
72 29
1890-91	
49 28
1891-92	
1S92-93	
55 16
80 21
Steveston.
Teacher, Miss Alice E. Blake, until June 30th, 1893 ; present teacher, John Tolmie.
Salary, $50 per month.
Inspected, November 3rd, 1892; present, 7 boys, 7 girls ; total, 14.
Enrolled during the year, 20 boys, 13 girls ; total, 33.
Average monthly attendance, 18.
Average actual daily attendance, 11.70.
Expenditure, $590.
Cost of each pupil on enrolment, $17.87.
Cost of ea.ch pupil on average actual daily attendance, $50.04.
The school in this new district was opened in August, 1892. 618
Public Schools Report.
1893
Sumas.
Teacher, John A. McLeod, until June 30th, 1893; present teacher, Malcolm McLeod.
Salary, $55 per month.
Inspected, September 6th, 1893; present, 4 boys, 8 girls; total, 12.
Enrolled during the year, 14 boys,  12 girls; total, 26.
Average monthly attendance, 18.
Average actual daily attendance, 13.87.
Expenditure, $700.
At examination  held  at Centreville,   May   1st and  2nd, 1893, Master George Edmund
Chadsey, a pupil of this school, passed the standard required for admission to a High School.
The following is a list of enrolment, average attendance, and cost of each pupil during the
past five years :—
Year.
Enrolment.
1888-89                  	
34
34
33
47
26
1889-90	
1890-91 	
1891-92             	
1892-93	
Average
attendance.
15.78
15.70
16.17
20.92
13.87
Cost of
each pupil on
enrolment.
$18 58
17
84
21
21
14
89
26
92
Cost of
each pupil on
average
attendance.
$40 04
38 64
43 29
33 46
50 46
Sumas, South.
Teacher, William C. Brown, until June 30th, 1893; present teacher, R. L. Laffere, B. A.
Salary, $50 per month.
No inspection.
Enrolled during the year, 10 boys, 9 girls ; total, 19.
Average monthly attendance, 16.
Average actual daily attendance, 13.46.
Expenditure, $490.
Cost of each pupil on enrolment, $25.79.
Cost of each pupil on average actual daily attendance, $36.40.
The school in this newly-created district was opened in October, 1892. 57 Vict.
Public Schools Report.
619
Surrey Centre.
Teacher, Miss Lucy M. Calhoun, until June 30th, 1893 ; present teacher, H. W. Laffree.
Salary, $50 per month.
Inspected, August 26th, 1892 ; present, 8 boys, 7 girls; total, 15.
Enrolled during the year, 15 boys, 14 girls ; total, 29.
Average monthly attendance, 22.
Average actual daily attendance, 17.99.
Expenditure, $609.35.
The school in this district was not re-opened until August 20th, 1892.
The following is a list of enrolment, average attendance, and'cost  of each pupil since the
establishment of the school :—
Year.
Enrolment.
Average
attendance.
Cost of
each pupil on
enrolment.
Cost of
each pupil on
average
attendance.
1S91-92	
1892-93	
26
29
15 69
17.99
$22 69
21 01
$37 60
33 87
Tolmie.
Teacher, Miss Ada J. Williams.
Salary, $60 per month.
Monitor, Miss Grace Godson.
Salary, $40 per month.
Inspected, November 15th, 1892; present, 21 boys, 27 girls; total, 48.
February 24th, 1893 ; present, 24 boys, 22 girls; total, 46.
March 21st, 1893; present, 36 boys, 27 girls; total, 63.
Enrolled during the year, 55 boys, 44 girls ; total, 99.
Average monthly attendance, 83.
Average actual daily attendance, 51.33.
Expenditure, $880.
The largely increased attendance at this school necessitated the appointment of a Monitor
in January, 1893.
The following is a list of enrolment, average attendance, and cost of each pupil during
the past five years:—
Year.
Enrolment,
Average
attendance.
Cost of
each pupil on
enrolment.
Cost of
each pupil on
average
attendance.
1888-S9	
33
47
72
99
16.18
11.82
21.68
29.78
51.33
$19 39
23 70
13 01
8 88
8 88
$39 55
1889-90	
54 14
1890-91	
29 52
1891-92   	
21  49
1892-93 	
17 14 620
Public Schools Report.
1893
Trenant.
Teacher, Alexander Gilchrist.
Salary, $70 per month.
Examined, August 22nd and 23rd, 1892; present, 27 boys, 24 girls; total, 51.
Enrolled during the year, 39 boys, 36 girls;   total, 75.
Average monthly attendance, 52.
Average actual daily attendance, 41.17.
Expenditure, $880.
At semi-annual examination held in New Westminster on December 6th and 7th, 1892,
Miss Constance Green and Miss Maud Beadleston, pupils of this school, obtained the percentage required for admission to a High School.
At semi-annual examination held in New Westminster on June 1st and 2nd, 1893,
Master Adelbert W. Oliver, a pupil of this school, passed the standard required for admission
to a High School.
The following is a list of enrolment, average attendance, and cost of each pupil during
the past five years:—
Year.
Enrolment.
Average
attendance.
Cost of
each pupil on
enrolment.
Cost of
en eh pupil on
average
attendance.
1888-89   	
67
68
69
68
75
28.12
32.27
35.02
32,50
41.17
$10 44
10 29
11 01
12 94
11 73
$24 89
1889-90	
21 69
1890-91	
1891-92 	
1892 93 	
21 70
27 07
21 37
Union Mines.
Teacher, Duncan Ross, until Juno 30th, 1893; present teacher, Robert Watkin.
Salary, $60 per month.
Monitor, Miss Amy Spragge,  until June 30th,   1893; present monitor, Miss Lottie M.
Powell.
Salary, $40 per month.
Inspected, September 30th, 1892; present, 32 boys, 25 girls; total, 57.
Visited, October 3rd, 1892.
Enrolled during the year, 46 boys, 49 girls; total, 95.
Average monthly attendance, 67.
Average actual daily attendance, 51.53.
Expenditure, $1,240.
The following is a list of enrolment, average attendance, and cost of each pupil since the
establishment of the school:—
Year.
Enrolment.
Average
attendance.
Cost of
each pupil on
enrolment.
Cost of
each pupil on
average
attendance.
1889 90	
61
76
82
95
31.25
38.53
50,62
51.53
$ 7 87
9 21
13 17
13 05
$15 36
1890-91	
1891-92  	
18 16
21 33
1892-93	
24 00 57 Vict.
Public Schools Report.
621
Vernon.
Teacher, Henry J. Hoidge.
Salary, $60 per month.
Assistant, Miss Ida M. Carmichael, until February 15th, 1893; Miss Josephine Colquhoun,
until June 30th, 1893; present assistant, Angus C. Buchanan.
Salary, $50 per month.
Inspected, September 8th, 1892; present, 28 boys, 21 girls; total, 49.
September 9th, 1892; present, 28 boys, 23 girls; total, 51.
Enrolled during the year, 56 boys, 36 girls; total, 92.
Average monthly attendance, 73.
Average actual daily attendance, 55.62.
Expenditure, $1,350.
Owing to the largely increased attendance at the school of this district, the appointment
of an assistant teacher in November, 1892, became necessary.
At the beginning of the present school-year, it was found that the building which for
some years had met the requirement of the district would not afford, in the near future,
sufficient accommodation for the pupils. In order to meet the needs of this city, a fine and
commodious brick building, containing four rooms, has been constructed and will soon be
ready for occupancy. This school-house, which has been erected on a very eligible site, is not
only an ornament to this growing city, but must materially add to the convenience and
comfort of the pupils.
Ninety-five pupils are, at the present time, on the registers of the school.
The following is a list of enrolment, average attendance, and cost of each pupil during
the past five years:—
Year.
1888-89
1839-90
1890-91
1891-92
1892-93
t?      i        l ■       Average
Enrolment. :    ..     , °
attendance.
o?
13.37
Ts
12.92
20
14.02
50
24.58
92
55.62
Cost of
each pupil on
enrolment.
$34 55
33 08
29 23
12 64
14 68
Cost of
each pupil on
average
attendance.
$56 90
46 09
54 16
25 71
24 28 622
Public Schools Report.
1893
Vesuvius.
Teacher, Raffles A. R. Purdy.
Salary, $50 per month.
Examined, March 9th and 10th, 1893 ; present, 12 boys, 5 girls ; total, 17.
Enrolled during the year, 15 boys, 14 girls; total, 29.
Average monthly attendance, 20.
Average actual daily attendance, 15.94.
Expenditure, $640.
At examination held March 9th and 10th,   1893,  Master Thomas Mouat, a pupil of this
school, passed the standard required for admission to a High School.
The following is a list of enrolment, average attendance, and cost of each pupil during the
past five years :—
Year.
1S88-89
1889-90
1890-91
1891-92'
1892-93
i?      i        i. Average
Enrolment.       ..     ,   °
attendance.
28
25
38
52
29
11.75
9.83
24.78
27.61
15.94
Cost
of
each pi
pil on
enrolment.
$22
85
25
60
18
68
20
25
22
06
Cost of
each pupil on
average
attendance.
$54 46
65 10
28 65
38 14
40 15
•Including North Vesuvius.
Vesuvius, North.
Teacher, Miss Kate M. McKinnon.
Salary, $50 per month.
Inspected, March 10th, 1893 ; present, 5 boys, 9 girls ; total, 14.
Enrolled during the year, 8 boys, 14 girls; total, 22.
Average monthly attendance, 15.
Average actual daily attendance, 12.66.
Expenditure, $640
Cost of each pupil on enrolment, $29.09.
Cost of each pupil on average actual daily attendance, $50.55. 57 VicT.                                  Public Schools Report.                                            623
Westham.
Teacher, Duncan J. Welsh.
Salary, $50 per month.
No inspection.
Enrolled during the year, 14 boys, 8 girls ; total, 22.
Average monthly attendance, 17.
Average actual daily attendance, 12.91.
Expenditure, $640.
The following is a list of enrolment, average attendance,   and  cost of  each  pupil during
the past five years :—
YTear.
Enrolment.
Average
attendance.
Cost of
each pupil on
enrolment.
Cost of
each pupil on
average
atten dance.
1888-89	
30
29
27
2)
22
18.27
12.39
13.06
13.98
$14 01
22 07
21 70
32 00
$23 99
1S89-90..                                          	
51 65
1890-91             	
44 87
1891-92 ..                	
45 77
1892-93 	
12.91                29 09
49 57
1893 ;   present  teacher,   Henry B.
iris ; total, 18.
:.
igust 20th, 1892.
ice, and cost of each pupil during the
WlIONNOCK.
Teacher,  Miss  Annie  Ketcheson,  until June  30th,
Turner, B. A.
Salary, $50 per month.
Inspected, October 24th, 1892 ; present, 11 boys, 7 g
Enrolled during the year, 17 boys, 17 girls ; total, 3^
Average monthly attendance, 17.
Average actual daily attendance, 12.07.
Expenditure, $609.35.
The school in this district was not re-opened until Ai
The following is a list of enrolment, average attendai
past five years :—
Year.
Enrolment.
Average
attendance.
Cost of
each pupil on
enrolment.
Cost of
each pupil on
average
attendance.
1888-89	
1889-90	
32
36
28
24
34
13.86
13.32
11.81
12.02
12.07
$20 00
17 77
22 85
26 66
17 92
$46 17
48 04
1890-91	
1891-92	
1892-93	
54 19
53 24
50 48 624                                         Public Schools Report.                                        1893
Williams Lake.
Teacher, David Jones, until May 31st, 1893.
Salary, $70 per month.
No inspection.
Enrolled during the year, 9 boys, 3 girls ; total, 12.
Average monthly attendance, 9.
Average actual daily attendance, 7.30,
Expenditure, $810."
This school, which was closed on May 31st, 1893, on account of inability to maintain the
average attendance required by Statute, is not now in operation.
The following is a list of enrolment,  average attendance, and cost of each pupil during
the past five years : —
Year.                                           Enrolment.
Average
attendance.
Cost of
each pupil on
enrolment.
Cost of
each pupil on
ave nig :
attendance.
1888-89	
IS
14
11.28
10.44
10.86
10.81
7.30
$40 20
57 85
49 54
51  76
67 50
$64 15
1889-90            	
77 58
1890-91	
16
17
12
72 98
1891-92             	
81 40
1S92 93 , .                                                  	
110 95
i, 1893; present teacher, Wesley A.
iris; total, 21.
ter on December 6th and 7th, 1892,
le standard  required  for  admission
ance, and cost of each pupil during
Yale.
Teacher, John J. Miller, B. So , until February 28tl
Blair.
Salary, $60 per month.
Inspected, August 25th, 1892; present, 9 boys, 12 g
Enrolled during the year, 18 boys, 17 girls; total, 35
Average monthly attendance, 22.
Average actual daily attendance, 18 35.
Expenditure, $760.
At semi-annual examination held in New Westmins
Master Leonard A. Dodd, a pupil of this school, passed tl
to a High School.
The following is a list of enrolment, average attenc
the past five years :—
Year.
Enrolment.
Average
attendance.
l~i       ,       r                     Cost Of
Cost Ot         :         ,              ,,
,         .,       each pupil on
each pupil on          r l
K  '    ,          average
enrolment.         ..      -, &
i attendance.
1888-89 ..                       	
36
37
39
31
35
22.67
20.74
20.82
18.09
18.35
$18 12            $28 77
1889-90             	
17 29              30 85
1S90-91	
18 99              35 57
1891-92 ..                           	
24 51               42 01
1892-93 ..                       	
21 71               41 41
^m^*^*^*^*^*^*^*^*^*^*^*^*^*^*^*^*^*^*^*^*^*^*^*^*^*^*^*^*^*^*^*^*^*^*^*^*^*^m 57 Vict.
Public Schools Report.
62c
York.
Teacher, Thomas Henderson, M.A.
Salary, $50 per month.
Inspected, September 1st, 1892; present, 6 boys, 7 girls; total, 13.
Enrolled during the year, 22 boys, 12 girls; total, 34.
Average monthly attendance, 22.
Average actual daily attendance, 15.49.
Expenditure, $640.
The following is a list of enrolment, average attendance, and cost of each pupil during the
past five years :—
Year.
1888-89.
1889-90.
1890-91.
1891-92.
1892-93.
Enrolment.
32
32
28
25
34
Average
attendance.
16.55
13.28
13 68
11.64
15.49
Cost of
each pupil on
enrolment.
$20 00
20 00
22 85
25 00
18 82
Cost of
each pupil on
average
attendance.
$38 67
48 19
46 78
53 69
41 31 626 Public Schools Report. 1893
SPECIAL DUTIES OF TRUSTEES.
When trustees select a teacher for their school, they should fully realize that they are
acting for the parents of the district, and, as their agents, should endeavour to perforin in a
faithful manner the trust confided to tin m by the community. Owing to the large extent of
territory in which the schools of the Province are located, it is found impossible to inspect
each school as often as is desirable. Hence it devolves upon the trustees, who have special
charge as official visitors, to visit their school frequently, to note particularly whether or not
progress is being made, to see that there is both intellectual and moral life in the school, in
fact, to determine whether or not the education of the children of the district is receiving that
care and attention which are essential to their advancement. While the trustees may not, as
a rule, be able to judge correctly the progress of the pupils in all the branches taught, they
can form, by making frequent visits, an intelligent idea as to the general advancement of the
pupils, and especially ctm they form correct opinions as to the discipline and moral tone of the
school.
Although the teacher is not permitted to teach any special dogma or creed of a denomination of Christians, he is required by statute to inculcate the highest morality. Parents must
hold the trustees responsible for any failure on the part of the teacher in this respect.
It cannot be too much impressed upon trustees that it is their duty to the voters of the
district, and to the community at large, to see that not only intellectual advancement is being
made, but also that the moral atmosphere of the schoolroom is kept pure. If the teacher fails
to perform his duties faithfully and diligently in any respect, authority is given to the trustees,
by section 50 of the " Public School Act," to deal with him in a summary manner.
It is proper to state that we have a very large number of teachers on the permanent staff
who perform their work with faithfulness, energy, and skill, and the services of such teachers
cannot be too highly appreciated by trustees and parents. On the other hand, all of our
schools are not taught by assiduous and efficient teachers. A few of the schools are under
the charge of those who lack energy and professional ability.
The chief aim of our public schools is to prepare the children of the Province, on entering
upon the active duties of life, to become good and useful members of society ; hence these
schools should be placed only in charge of teachers who, in addition to high moral worth,
possess energy and natural gifts, and have qualified themselves by careful study for this all-
important work.    The selection of a teacher is, therefore, a matter of paramount importance.
ORAL INSTRUCTION.
In too many instances is the imparting of instruction by written work carried to the
extreme, and oral instruction too much ignored. While a proper use of the text-books
prescribed is not only encouraged but required, yet oral teaching is necessary in order to
enable the instructor to use the text-books to the best advantage. The successful teacher does
not fail to supplement the prescribed lesson with new thoughts in order to add interest, and
thereby increase the pupil's desire for study. By the giving of oral instruction is not meant
the delivering of lectures, or even lengthened talks, but rather the calling into exercise the
active powers of the mind by giving illustrations and explanations which cannot but arouse
the pupil's mental activity. In teaching spelling, geography, grammar, history, and in fact
nearly all the subjects of the prescribed course, the properly combining of the written and oral
methods will be found to be the most advantageous. To hear a pupil merely repeat his lesson
without suggesting new lines of thought, is evidence that the teacher is either indolent or-
incompetent, 57 Vict. Public Schools Report. 627
MONTHLY REPORTS TO PARENTS.
Under the provision of Statute, the teacher is required to send to the parent or guardian
of each pupil a monthly report, stating the number of times he was absent, the number of
times he was late, his deportment, and his progress in each branch of study. For this purpose,
blank forms are supplied by the Education Department.
There are a few teachers who appear to conclude that they are fulfilling the requirement
of the Act, although they make out a considerably less number of these reports than there
are pupils attending during the month. Clause 4 of Article 6 of the Rules and Regulations
makes it imperative upon the teacher to hand to each pupil, at the end of each month, a report
giving the parent all the information above stated.    No exception, whatever, is made.
If such teachers would make themselves thoroughly familiar with the Rules and Regulations for the Government of Public Schools, they would be better able to comply with
sub-section 10 of section 60 of the "Public School Act."
TEACHERS' INSTITUTES.
The annual meeting of the Mainland Teachers' Institute is to be held in Vancouver on
January 8th and 9th, 1894.
The programme includes a number of papers on 'interesting subjects, to be followed by
discussions which will doubtless prove of much practical benefit.
The officers of the Institute for the present year are as follows :—
Mr. R. Fraser President.
Mrs. F. M. Cowperthwaite 1st Vice-President.
Mr. F. M. Cowperthwaite, B.A 2nd Vice-President.
Mr. G. H. Tom Recording Secretary.
Miss M. M. Chambers, B.A Corresponding Secretary.
Miss E. Robinson Treasurer.
Managing Committee :—
Miss E. Rogers,    Miss C. Barnes,    Mr. H. M. Sternberg, B.A.,
Mr. W. C. Coatham,     Mr. W. M. Wood.
The Victoria Teachers' Institute, composed of members belonging to this city, as well as
of the adjacent school districts, holds monthly meetings.
The work of this Institute has thus far proved both interesting and instructive.
The following is the list of its officers for the present year :—
Mr. S. B. Netherby President.
Miss A. D. Cameron Vice-President.
Mr. A. J. Pineo, B.A    Secretary.
Executive Committee:—
The President,     Vice-President,    Secretary,
Miss M. Williams,    Mr. E. B. Paul, M.A.,    Mr. T. Nicholson,
Mr. R. J. Hawkey. 62S Public Schools Report. 189:;
For two years prior to the commencement of the present school-year, one-half of the
salaries of the teachers employed in the Public Schools in the cities of Victoria, Vancouver,
New Westminster, and Nanaimo was paid from the Provincial Treasury. At the last Session
of the Legislature, this provision of the Act was repealed, and in lieu thereof a per capita
grant of ten dollars per pupil, based on the average actual daily attendance, was made to these
cities.    This amendment came into force on July 1st, 1893.
A Manual of  School Law has just been published for the convenience of Trustees and
Teachers.    Its principal contents are as follows :—
1. The School Act.
2. The Rules and Regulations for the government of Public Schools.
3. The Regulations for the Examination of Public School Teachers.
4. Courses of Study for Common, Graded, and High Schools.
5. List of Text-books, authorized for use in the Public Schools.
6. Boundaries of School Districts.
A copy of this Manual  will be furnished to each Teacher on the permanent staff, and
also to each School Trustee.
All changes made in the School Law, and Rules and Regulations,  will be duly noted in
the Annual School Report.
1 have the honour to be,
Sir,
Your obedient servant,
S. D. POPE,
Superintended of Education. 57 Vict. Public Schools Report. 629
PART II.
STATISTICAL   RETURNS. 630
Public Schools Report.
1893
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Public Schools Report.
1893
TABLE I).—Exhibit of Expenditure for Education Proper, during the year 1892-93.
School Districts.
Abbotsford	
Agassiz	
Alberni   	
Aldergrove 	
Aldergrove, South	
Armstrong	
Ashcroft 	
Atchelitz	
Barkerville	
Beaver	
Beaver Point	
Belmont	
Brownsville	
Burgoyne Bay	
Burton's Prairie (Burton)	
Cache Creek	
Cadboro 	
Camp Slough	
Cedar Hill	
Cedar, North	
Cedar, South	
Centreville (Chilliwhack)	
Cheam	
Chemainus	
Chemainus Landing	
Chilliwhack (South Chilliwhack)
Chilliwhack, East	
Clayton 	
Clinton	
Clover Valley (Cloverdale)	
Coldstream	
Colwood	
Comox, North (Courtenay)	
Comox, South (Comox)	
Courtenay (Grantham)	
Cowichan, South	
Craigflower	
Denman Island	
Departure Bay	
Donald	
Amount paid
for Teachers'
Salaries.
$ 600 00
000 00
1,040 00
550 00
600 00
162 00
720 00
550 00
1,200 00
279 03
6C0 00
579 03
600 00
660 00
600 00
660 00
600 00
200 00
720 00
600 00
600 00
1,380 00
660 00
600 00
600 00
660 00
660 00
600 00
720 00
600 00
720 00
600 00
720 00
330 00
600 00
600 00
660 00
600 00
600 00
720 00
Amount paid for
Incidental
Expenses, including Rent.
? 40 00
40 00
80 00
40 00
40 00
40 00
40 00
220 00
40 00
40 00
40 00
40 00
40 00
40 00
40 00
40 00
40 00
40 00
40 00
60 00
40 00
40 00
40 00
40 00
40 00
40 00
40 00
40 00
40 00
40 00
40 00
40 00
40 00
40 CO
40 00
40 00
40 00
22 53
Amount paid for
Education
Proper in each
District.
$ 640 00
640 00
1,120 00
590 00
640 00
162 00
760 00
590 00
1,420 00
319 03
640 00
619 03
640 00
700 00
640 00
700 00
640 00
200 00
. 760 00
640 00
640 00
1,440 00
700 00
640 00
640 00
700 00
640 00
640 00
760 00
640 00
760 00
640 00
760 00
370 00
040 00
640 00
700 00
640 00
640 00
742 53
Cost of each
Pupil, based on
aggregate
attendance.
Cost of each
Pupil, based on
average actual
daily attendance
$25 60
23 70
27 31
23 60
24 61
8 52
22 35
23 60
04 54
15 95
32 00
16 29
35 55
25 00
20 00
35 00
21 33
7 40
14 07
14 22
29 09
14 25
16 66
40 00
33 68
14 89
13 91
21 33
33 04
13 06
42 22
20 00
21 71
12 76
23 70
53 33
14 28
33 68
13 33
21 83
$50 55
57 55
46 10
57 56
46 27
9 29
42 29
43 00
74 50
24 63
51 82
27 15
59 86
35 42
40 84
53 55
41 23
12 07
27 41
27 48
54 84
25 54
39 72
58 34
49 00
22 72
31 29
51 20
69 91
23 25
70 04
55 03
38 54
22 75
42 38
60 43
26 40
61 36
25 23
44 83 57 Vict.
Public Schools Report.
669
TABLE D.—Exhibit of Expenditure for Education Proper,  during the year 1892-93.
Continued.
School Districts.
Ducks	
Dunaeh	
Duncan	
Enderby 	
English	
Esquimalt	
Fairfield	
Gabriola, South.
Galiano	
Genoa	
Glenwood 	
Golden	
Gordon Head .. .
Grand Prairie.. .
Gulfside	
Hall's Prairie ...
Haney 	
Harewood	
Hope	
Hornby	
Howe Sound ....
James Island .   .
Junction	
Kamloops	
Kaslo	
Kelowna	
Kensington	
Kettle River... .
Lake	
Langley	
Langley, East...
Lansdowne	
Lillooet	
Lochiel	
Lulu	
Lytton	
Maple Bay	
Maple Ridge ...
Mayne Island ..
Amount paid
for Teachers'
Salaries.
8300 57
600 00
600 CO
683 23
200 00
849 00
293 33
600 00
400 00
480 00
600 00
720 00
594 99
696 77
476 66
477 41
605 CO
450 00
600 00
300 00
600 00
240 00
660 00
2,220 00
540 00
270 00
600 00
480 00
760 CO
600 00
550 00
679 35
720 00
550 00
600 00
720 00
600 00
840 00
472 58
Amount paid for
Incidental
Expenses, including Rent.
840 00
40 00
40 00
40 00
40 00
40 00
40 00
40 00
40 00
40 00
40 00
40 00
40 CO
40 00
40 00
40 00
40 00
22 82
40 00
40 00
40 00
40 00
120 00
40 00
85 00
40 00
40 00
40 00
40 00
40 00
40 00
40 00
40 00
40 00
40 00
40 00
40 00
40 00
Amount paid for
Education
Proper in each
District.
8346 57
640 00
640 00
723 23
240 00
880 00
333 33
640 00
440 00
480 CO
640 00
760 00
634 99
736 77
516 66
517 41
645 00
490 00
622 82
340 00
640 00
280 00
590 00
2,340 00
580 00
355 00
640 00
520 00
760 00
640 00
590 00
719 35
760 00
590 00
640 00
760 00
640 00
880 00
512 58
Cost of each
Pupil, based on
aggregate
attendance.
Cost of each
Pupil, based on
average actual
dailyattendance.
821 66
22 85
15 61
20 09
21 81
20 95
16 66
25 CO
22 W
25 26
40 00
22 35
24 42
36 83
19 13
18 47
15 73
8 03
25 95
20 00
22 85
25 45
25 65
20 70
12 00
12 67
22 85
27 36
16 17
14 88
22 69
21 15
27 14
21 85
11 85
33 04
35 55
19 13
22 28
833 22
45 16
28 86
40 58
30 49
31 96
27 54
43 98
35 77
51 33
69 C4
39 74
40 62
50 36
44 54
49 70
34 58
13 10
34 03
30 00
37 71
41 66
54 27
39 4-2
30 62
15 55
45 32
41 25
28 09
25 41
53 34
46 11
45 01
50 51
24 46
66 14
01 53
32 00
39 73 670
Public Schools Report.
1893
TABLE D.— Exhibit of E
xpenditure for Education Proper, during the year
Continued.
1892-93.
School Districts.
Amount paid
for  Teachers'
Salaries.
Amount paid for
Incidental
Expenses, including Rent.
Amount paid for
Education
Proper in each
District.
Cost of each
Pupil, based on
aggregate
attendance.
Cost of each
Pupil, based on
average actual
daily attendance
4600 CO
1,200 00
660 00
1,210 CO
600 00
600 00
9,930 CO
185 48
830 00
13,804 51
720 00
720 00
600 00
650 00
2,309 33
500 00
720 00
720 00
600 00
600 00
600 00
600 00
600 00
600 00
000 00
000 00
840 00
648 94
600 00
600 00
720 00
900 00
900 00
720 00
480 00
720 00
549 03
600 00
600 00
840 00
60 00
40 00
80 00
40 00
40 00
40 00
40 00
8640^00
1,200 CO
700 00
1,290 00
640 00
640 00
9,900 00
225 48
870 00
13,804 51
760 00
760 00
640 00
690 00
2,459 33
540 00
743 05
700 00
640 CO
640 00
640 00
040 00
700 00
040 00
700 00
040 00
880 00
688 94
640 00
640 00
760 00
940 00
940 00
760 00
480 00
760 CO
589 03
640 00
640 00
833 6S
12 85
18 91
13 16
17 29
18 28
12 48
20 49
20 23
14 78
33 04
27 14
22 85
26 54
10 29
14 59
35 41
23 03
22 06
49 23
32 00
25 60
18 42
13 01
14 58
24 61
38 20
13 50
49 23
16 84
28 14
17 73
15 66
24 51
43 63
24 51
14 72
26 66
18 28
858 91
22 48
Moodvville	
31 25
28 61
30 68
Mud Bay	
45 03
20 59
Nelson	
21 72
45 59
20 58
40 CO
40 00
40 00
40 00
150 00
40 00
23 65
40 00
40 00
40 00   '
40 00
40 00
40 00
40 00
40 00
40 00
40 00
40 00
40 00
40 00
40 CO
40 00
40 00
40 00
68 68
73 00
54 74
North Arm	
Northfield	
67 25
20 42
25 98
71 85
53 93
Otter	
Oyster	
Oj'ster, North	
Port Kells	
47 23
61 53
57 45
67 15
38 31
22 70
23 48
Quamichan	
53 87
72 78
Revelstoke    	
Rocky Point.    	
30 75
59 26
36 17
66 25
23 56
28 33
Saanich, West	
41 14
79 07
40 CO
40 00
40 00
40 00
36 05
Sea Island	
28 12
53 87
42 89 57 Vict.
Public; Schools Repob'J
671
TABLE D.—Exhibit of Expenditure for Education Proper, during the year 1892-93.
Concluded.
School Districts.
Shuswap Prairie (Shuswap).
Silverdale	
Similkameen 	
Simpson	
Somenos  	
Sooke 	
Sooke, East	
Southfield	
Spallumcheen   	
Spence's Bridge	
Steveston	
Sumas	
Sumas, South	
Surrey Centre	
Tolmie 	
Trenant 	
Union Mines	
Vancouver  	
Vernon	
Vesuvius 	
Vesuvius, North	
Victoria 	
Wellington 	
Westham	
Whonnock	
Williams Lake	
Yale	
York	
Total	
Amount paid
for  Teachers'
Salaries.
8720 00
450 00
660 00
576 00
600 00
403 03
471 07
630 00
660 00
600 00
550 00
660 00
450 00
509 35
840 00
840 00
1,100 00
27,155 91
1,070 63
600 00
600 00
29,701 18
2,950 00
600 00
569 35
770 00
720 03
oao oo
Amount paid for
Incidental
Expenses, including Rent.
S40 00
40 00
40 00
40 00
40 00
40 00
40 00
40 03
20 10
40 00
40 00
40 00
40 00
40 00
40 00
80 00
280 CO
40 00
40 00
8174,847 33
200 00
40 00
40 00
40 00
40 00
40 00
86,374 10
Amount paid for
Education
Proper in each
District.
8760 00
490 00
700 00
616 00
040 00
440 00
511 67
610 00
683 10
600 00
590 00
700 00
490 00
609 35
880 00
880 00
1,240 00
27,155 91
1,350 63
610 00
640 00
29,701 18
3,150 00
640 00
009 35
810 00
700 00
640 00
8181,221 43
Cost of each
Pupil, based on
aggregate
attendance.
838 00
27 22
25 03
25 68
30 47
20 95
25 53
16 00
21 28
50 00
17 87
26 92
25 79
21 01
S 88
11 73
13 05
12 48
14 68
22 06
29 09
12 23
10 78
29 09
17 92
67 50
21 71
15 92
Cost of each
Pupil, based on
average actual
daily attendance
864 08
44 78
73 C6
33 46
49 11
39 84
51 32
36 28
59 24
80 21
50 04
50 40
36 40
33 S7
17 14
21 37
24 06
17 60
24 28
40 15
50 55
18 15
20 30
49 57
50 48
110 95
41 41
41 31
Education Office.
Salary of Superintendent of Education 	
Salary of Inspector of Schools	
Salary of Inspector of Schools	
Salary of Clerk	
Expenses of Teachers' Examination :—
Examiners and Supervisors     878" 00
Travelling expenses of Examiner,  to and from Kamioops  108 00
Stationery      90 65
Rent of hall, hire of tables and chairs, messenger, etc  203 65
Maps and Globes	
Travelling expenses of Superintendent and Inspectors	
Stationery, &c, for examinations of High Schools and Graded Schools ,
Lithographing High School Certificates	
Incidental expenses of Oltice	
8 2,100 00
1,560 00
1,500 00
960 00
1,189 30
631 15
1,103 05
70 65
100   00
96 75
9,336 90
Amount paid for Teachers' Salaries     174,847 33
Do. Incidental Expenses of Schools, including Rent       6,374 10
Total cost of Education Proper 8190,558 33 672
Public Schools Report.
1893
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P*                   |S                    rS                    P                    [S                    fH                    [M 57 Vict. Public Schools RepoMt. 679
PART III.
APPENDICES. 57 Vict. Public Schools Report. 681
APPENDIX A.
Those holders of First Class Certificates marked with a * are not at present on the staff of
Teachers of this Province.
List of Certificated Teachers.
First Class, Grade A.
*Wilson, David, B.A., University of New Brunswick, 1888.
*Anderson, John, B.A., University of New Zealand, 1888.
McKinnon, Michael, M.A., University of Halifax, 1888.
*Pottmeyer, Heinrich, 1888.
Stramberg, Plector M., B.A., Dalhousie University, Halifax, 1889.
Paul, Edward B., M.A., University of Aberdeen, Scotland, 1889.
Hunter, Walter, B.A., B.C.L., McGill University, Montreal, 1889.
Landells, Robert, B.A., Dalhousie University, Halifax, 1889.
Law, Robert, B.A., Ph.B., University of Victoria College, Ontario, 1889.
Henderson, Thomas, M.A., Queen's University, Dublin, 1889.
McGarrigle, Thomas A., B.A., University of New Brunswick, 1889.
Miller, John J., B.Sc, Dalhousie University, Halifax, 1889.
Cogswell, Oliver H., B.A., University of Acadia College, Nova Scotia, 1890.
Cowperthwaite, Frederick M., B.A., University of New Brunswick, 1890.
*Goward, Henry, M.A., London University, England, 1890.
*MacGill, James H., B.A., Trinity College, Toronto, 1890.
Robinson, Alexander, B.A., Dalhousie University, Halifax, 1890.
Chambers, Miss Mary M., B.A., University of Queen's College, Kingston, 1891.
Kerr, John H., B.A., University of Toronto, 1891.
*McInnes, William W. B., B.A., University of Toronto, 1891.
McMillan, John, B.A., University of New Brunswick, 1891.
Russell, Ernest H., B.A., University of Queen's College, Kingston, 1891.
*Young, Frederick McB., B.A., University of Queen's College, Kingston, 1891.
♦Burns, William, B.A., University of Queen's College, Kingston, 1892.
Laing, Frederic William, B.A., University of Toronto, 1892.
*Roe, Edward Price, B.A., Trinity College, Dublin, 1892.
Schuyler, Hiram Hartley, B.A., University of Victoria College, Ontario, 1892.
Burnett, William Brenton, B.A., University of Acadia College, Nova Scotia, 1893.
Ellenwood, William Rogers, B.A, McGill University, Montreal, 1893.
*Fullagar, Lewis Henry, B.A., Cambridge University, 1893.
Henry, Joseph Kaye, B.A., Dalhousie University, Halifax, 1893.
Laffere, Richard Lawson, B.A., University of Dublin, 1893.
Moore, Samuel, B.A., University of Manitoba, 1893.
Pineo, Albert J., B.A., University of Acadia College, Nova Scotia, 1893.
*Robinson, David Magee, B.A., Dalhousie University, Halifax, 1893.
Robinson, George Edward, B.A., Dalhousie University, Halifax, 1893.
Shaw, James Curtis, B.A., Dalhousie University, Halifax, 1893.
Turner, Henry Birkett, B.A., Cambridge University, 1893.
Gordon, Robert George, 1893, 682
Public Schools Report.
1893
First Class, Grade B.
McKay, John L.,
*Lee, Miss Alice G.,
Sutherland, Daniel W.,
Pickard, Miss Millie,
*Ganton, James B ,
Tomlinson, William,
*Smith, John F.,
Netherby, Stephen B.,
Dougan, James,
Wood, Edward S.,
Shaw, John,
Sylvester, Miss Elizabeth E.,
*McDougall, Miss Katharine,
Tom, Gregory H., 1891 and
*Sparling, Robert,
Purdy, Raffles A. R.,
Hawkey, Richard J.,
Jamieson, George W.,
Fraser, Robert,
Cameron, Miss Agnes Deans,
Campbell, Eli J.,
Coatham, William Cammish,
Gilchrist, Alexander,
1888.
1.889.
1890.
1891.
1892.
1891.
1893.
Horton, Miss Lucretia,
McRae, George W.,
Murray, Paul,
Nicholson, Thomas,
*Offerhaus, Mrs. Mary Amelia,
Rogers, Miss Ellen,
Sluggett, George Henry,
Wood, William Martin,
Norcross, James Edward,
Johnston, Robert Cullen,
McNeill, Angus B.,
Buchanan, John Donald,
McLeod, James R.,
Galloway, James,
Norris, Thomas Alfred,
Baxter, Truman Smith,
Gillis, John D.,
Stewart, Allan C,
Johnston, Miss Bessie W.,
Templer, Miss Ada May,
Shepherd, Samuel,
Hoy, James A.,
Irwin, Joseph,
1893.
Renewal Certificates for Length of Service.
Bailey, Miss Adelaide S.,
Caldwell, Mrs. M.,
Harding, Miss Mary L.,
Hay, Miss Emma,
McNeill, Angus B.,
Rutherford, Miss Isabella M.
Currie, Miss Mary E.,
Williams, Miss Mary,
Thompson, James W.,
McDonagh, William,
Johnston, Miss Bessie W,
Bennett, John B.,
Barnes, Miss Catherine A.,
Strople, Norton,
Murchie, Miss Margaret J.,
Hartney, Miss Margaret,
Norcross, James E.,
Hall, Robert J.,
Shepherd, Samuel,
Dockrill, Miss Nettie,
Lawson, Miss Maria,
Duncan, Miss Christina A.,
King, Miss Eliza Jane,
Williams, Miss Ada J ,
Hopkins, Nicholas R.,
Robinson, Miss Edith E.,
Fraser, John A.,
Baxter, Truman S.,
Fletcher, Miss Marie L.,
Halliday, James A.,
McDougall, Miss Archena J..
Second Class, Grade A.
1889.
1890.
1891.
Watkin, Robert, 1893.
Gordon, Miss Marion, n
Ralph, Miss Ellen, n
Macfarlane, Miss Rachael McKechnie,      n
Speirs, Miss Mary Elizabeth, n
Robinson, Miss Sarah Ann, n
McNutt, Miss Agnes H., n
Shine, Timothy Warren, n
Morrison, Miss Florence, n
McDowell, Miss Mary, n
Kirkendall, George, h
Campbell, Samuel Burns, n
Johnston, Miss Alice Leonora, ii
Fraser, Miss Anna Elizabeth, m
Bodwell, Miss Charlotte A. M., n
Lang, Miss Sarah Isabella, ii
Leith, Thomas, n
Wintemute, Miss Hannah, tt
Bennett, Miss Ellen Christine, it
Speers, Miss Elizabeth M., it
LePage, Miss Ethel Lucretia, n
Bryant, Miss Mabel, n
Hunter, Douglas McDonald, n
Blair, Wesley, m
Telford, Robert, n
Barron, Miss Lizzie A. F., it
Stitt, Miss Una Muriel, " 57 Vict.
Public Schools Report.
683
Second Class, Grade A.—Concluded.
Caspell, Edmund, 1893.
Caldwell, Miss Jennie,
Pearsall, Alfred J,
Laffere, Henri Wilfred,
Trembath, Miss Emily Jane,
Macfarlane, Miss Minnie Jardine,
Russell, Miss Alexandrina,
Phoenix, Albert E.,
MeKenzie, Francis James,
Cunningham, William J.,
Hay, Miss Alice,
Ketcheson, Miss Annie,
Watson, Frederic James,
Cooke, Alfred William,
Doran, Edward F.,
Nickerson, Miss Laura Livingstone,
Hall, Miss Caroline M.,
Carscadden, Robert Howard,
Moss, Miss May Emily,
Hoidge, Henry John,
McLellan, Mrs. Ella Belle,
1893.
Second Class, Grade B.
Hoy, James A., 1891.
Haldon, Miss Alice M., t.
Gordon, Miss Marion, n
McPherson, Osborne, m
King, John W, H., 1891 and 1892.
Robinson, Miss Sarah A., 1891.
Cox, Miss Frances E., n
Sallaway, Joseph F., m
Keast, Miss Ada, n
McLennan, Archibald D.,        1891 and 1892.
Calhoun, Miss Lucy M., 1891.
Wintemute, Miss Hannah A.,
Patterson, Mrs. Elsie N.,
Cairns, Miss Kate,
Carscadden, Robert H.,
Robbins, Fenwick W.,
Palmer, James W.,
Dunkerley, Miss Ethel,
Morrison, Frank E.,
Hartt, Miss Flora E.,
Elliott, Dawson H.,
Welsh, Duncan J.,
Howitt, John,
Wintemute, Miss Mary A.,
McLellan, Mrs. Ella B.,
Preston, Miss Sara,
Mathers, Isaac N.,
Lawson, Miss Ellen G.,
Brown, Miss Isabel,
Templer, Mrs. Jennie,
Dougherty, Miss Josephine A. L.
Irvine, Robert D.,
Miller, Miss Janet I.,
Carmichael, Miss Ida M.,
Matthews, Miss Deborah E.,
Allan, Robert H.,
Pope, Miss S. C. Ruth,
Murray, Miss Elizabeth,
King, Miss Sara O.,
Coghlan, Miss Ella S.,
McLennan, Miss Caroline M.,
McQueen, Miss Jessie, 1892.
Tait, Leonard, 1893.
Morrison, Frank Elihu, n
Miss Anna Leighton,
McDowell, Miss Martha,
Dockrill, Miss M. Melrose,
Tolmie, John A.,
Henderson, Magnus,
Matthews, Miss Deborah Elizabeth,
Armstrong, Robert J.,
King, Miss Edith Amy,
Kirkendall, Miss Jessie,
Williams, Miss Sara Adelaide,
Dowler, Miss Caroline Amelia,
Fraser, Henry Archibald,
Stewart,
Howison, Arthur,
Lewis, Miss Alice Maude,
Christie, Miss Isabel Ramsay,
Fletcher, Miss Marie,
Truswell, Miss Sarah,
Graham, William Alexander,
Dunkerley, Miss Ethel,
Northcott, Miss Orvilla,
Brown, William Clarence,
Rhodes, Miss Amy Alice,
Christie, Miss Caroline Crichton,
Powell, Miss Lottie May,
Agnew, Miss Emily Campbell,
Caldwell, Miss Eleanor Brandon,
Murton, Miss Sarah,
Gordon, Alexander John,
Blair, Miss Eliza J.,
Martin, George Henry,
Shrapnel, Miss Edith Mary Scrope,
Stephenson, John Joseph,
Tucker, Henry,
Preston, Miss Sara,
Walker, Robert John,
Godson, Miss Mabel,
Thomas, Miss Catherine J.,
Burns, Miss Margaret M.,
Tanner, Miss Rebecca,
McKay, Miss Minna Gertrude,
Lorimer, Miss Christina Taylor,
Smith, Miss Katie Clement,
Smith, Miss Elsie May,
Miller, Miss Janet I.,
1893. 684
Public Schools Report.
1893
Second Class, Grade B.—Concluded.
Sutherland, James,
Ferguson, Miss Lena May,
Black, Miss Jean W.,
Homer, Miss Margaret Fritch,
Monro, Miss Annie J.,
Smith, Miss Mary Kennedy,
Bradley, Miss Julia M.,
Stewart, Allan C,
Speirs, Miss Mary E.,
McLeod, James R.,
Buchanan, John D.,
Gillis, John D.,
Sanderson, Miss Mina,
Smith, Miss Frances A.,
Kirkendall, Miss Jessie,
Johnston, Robert C,
McNutt, Miss Agnes H.,
Gordon, Miss Marion,
Smeeton, William F.,
Calhoun, Miss Lucy M.,
Mebius, Miss Jeannette,
Ramsay, Miss Jennie,
Morrison, Miss Florence,
Baxter, Truman S.,
Hoidge, Henry J.,
Bennett, Miss Ellen C,
Arrowsmith, Miss Frances E.,
Campbell, Samuel B.,
Parkinson, Miss Emily,
Kirkendall, George,
Speers, Miss Lizzie M.,
Waller, Miss Annie G.,
Dowler, Miss Caroline A.,
Ralph, Miss Ellen,
Spragge, Miss Amy,
Ross, Duncan,
Kermode, Miss Sarah,
Caldwell, Miss Jane,
Mclntyre, Miss Mary C,
Dunkerley, Miss Ethel,
Frank, Miss Pauline,
Kane, Miss Stella,
Homer, Miss Mary S.,
1893.
Sinclair, James William,
Johnstone, Miss Marion Baird,
Fraser, Miss Flora C,
Lucas, Miss Mary,
Dobeson, Miss Mary Gray,
Woods, Alfred Annesley,
Third Class, Grade A.
1892.
Wintemute, Miss Hannah,
McKinnon, Miss Kate M.,
Fawcett, Miss Grace H..
Telford, Robert,
Mebius, Miss Lucy A.,
Russell, Miss Alexandrina,
Buttimer, Miss Annie L.,
McKay, Miss Minna G.,
Johnston, Samuel G.,
McGillivray, Donald E.,
Withrow, Miss Gertrude H.,
Matthew, Alfred H. P.,
Millard, Miss Blanche L.,
Walker, Miss Frances G.,
McGregor, Miss Margaret,
Colbeck, Mrs. Anne J.,
Murton, Miss Sarah J.,
Blake, Miss Alice E.,
Furness, Miss Katie,
Wilkinson, Miss Mercy Ellen,
Monk, James Hector,
Elmsly, Miss Eliza,
Isaac, Miss Harriet,
Millard, Miss Gertrude R.,
Walker, Miss Maud Margaret R.
Haarer, Miss Mary Paulina,
McLennan, David,
Robertson, Miss Jennie,
Freeman, Miss Lena B.,
Marshall, Miss Sarah,
Elsden, Miss Jessie M ,
Jesse, Miss Edith Maude,
Plaxton, Robert James,
Clyde Thomas,
Keay, Miss Maude Sinclair,
Third Class, Grade B.
Hughes, Miss Leonora Evangeline,
Browne, George E. G.,
Smith, Miss Mabel Wyaston,
Frank, Miss Miriam,
Johnston, Samuel G.,
Shook, Francis Emery,
Acheson, W. C,
Edgett, Miss Louise S.,
Dalby, Miss Edith Madeline,
Thompson, William George,
McLeod, Norman,
McDowell, Miss Margaret,
DeBou, Miss Edith Sophia,
Spiilman, Miss Margaret E.,
Wintemute, Miss Mary,
Cade, John P.,
Robotham, Miss Annie,
Brown, Miss Mamie Sybil,
1893.
1892.
1893. 57 Vict.                                 Public Schools Report.                                         685
Third Class, Grai
Brechin, Robert,
MeCallum, Miss Ada,
Walker, Miss Susie,
Beattie, Matthew,
McLean, John D.,
Edwards, Miss Lilias Meta,
Ackerman, Miss Myrtie B.,
McCulloeh, Miss Nellie Grant,
Sloan, Miss Marjorie,
Cathcart, Miss Isabel,
Edwards, Miss Caroline Maude,
Galbraith, Angus,
Buchanan, Angus,
Fletcher, Miss Lizzie,
Roberts, Miss Emily Florence,
Gilley, Miss Annie Lee,
Sayer, Miss Elizabeth Ann,
Hilbert, Miss Kate,
Barron, Miss Isabel M. F.,
Shortreed, Miss Christina,
McMartin, Miss Jane Sophia,
Halliday, Miss Mary Felicia,
Wright, John,
Ward, Miss Mary Ellen,
McDowell, Miss Annie,
Noble, Miss Clara Anna,
Buttimer, Miss Annie L.,
Frank, Miss Evelyn May,
)E B.—Concluded.
McGregor, John Charles,
Godson, Miss Grace Adelaide,
Lister, Miss Ellen,
Trew, Miss Anne Evelyn,
Pool, Miss Christina,
Black, Miss Jessie Ann,
Gocldard, Miss Ellen Isabel,
McDonald, Mrs. Annie C,
Dyker, Miss Jennie,
Wilson, Miss Nellie Groves,
Fowler, Archibald,
Young, Miss Harriett,
Gallant, Domitian,
MeKenzie, Miss Kate Margaret,
MacLeod, Malcolm,
Wolfenden, Miss Mabel Mary,
Sivewright, William,
Agnew, Miss Marguerite Stuart,
Fraser, Miss Jennie Grant,
Armstrong, Miss Jeannie,
Ravey, Martin James,
Miller, Miss Martha S.,
Edgett, Miss Maud Rebecca,
Harrison, Miss Alice V.,
Thomson, Miss Dorothea M. M.,
Gaudin, Miss Mabel A.,
Cawker, Miss Martha J.
Temporary Certificates Granted on tp
*Hall, Miss Caroline M., Simpson.
*Gallant, Domitian, Galiano.
Seaton, Mrs. Mary (Monitor), James Island.
* Obtained a certificate at Teachers' Bxaminatior
ie Application of Boards of Trustees.
*Fraser, Miss Flora C. (Monitor),  Centreville.
Wilson, Miss Margaret L., Sea Island.
*Macfarlane, Miss Minnie, Vancouver.
, 1893. 686 Pitblic Schools Report. 1893
APPENDIX B.
Medallists for 1893.
The medals presented by His Excellency the Governor-General were awarded on result
of written examinations, as follows :—
1. Miss Miriam Frank,  Silver Medal, presented for competition in the Victoria High
School.
2. Miss Leonora E. Hughes, Bronze Medal, presented for competition in the New Westminster High School.
3. Miss Caroline M. Edwards, Bronze Medal, presented for competition in the Nanaimo
High School.
4. Leonard Spragge,  Bronze Medal, presented for competition between the Boys' School
and the Girls' School, Victoria.
5. Miss Gertrude E. Robson, New Westminster Girls' School, Bronze Medal, presented
for competition between the Graded Schools of Nanaimo and New Westminster.
List of Successful Candidates for Entrance to a High School.
Semi-annual Christmas Examinations, 1892.
Graded Schools.
Nanaimo Boys' School.
Thomas B. Booth, George S. Pearson,
Waddington Hilbert, Eben H. MeKenzie.
Nanaimo Girls' School.
Emily Raper, Maud McGregor,
Mary McKeen, Emmeline Pearce.
New Westminster Boys   School.
George S. Howison, John Patterson,
Harry A. Bourne, Henry L. Nicholson,
David H. Hoy, John C. W. Lord.
New Westminster Girls' School.
Grace C. Thornber, Ha M. Marshall,
Margaret Abercrombie, Ellen P. Pride,
Rosabella J. Lennie, Maud A. Calbick,
Grace H. Marshall. 57 Vict.
Public Schools Report.
687
Sapperton  School.
Mabel Wood.
Vancouver Central School.
Roy Macgowan,                                             Alma E. Wood,
William J. Fraser,                                            Gladys .Whitworth,
Malcolm Nicholson,                                         Albert Scurry,
Mary C. Stark,                                                  Ethel M. Breeze,
Annie W. McQueen,                                     Regina Oppenheimer,
Ethel M. Ogilvie,                                           Catherine M. Miles,
William P. Mason,                                           Jean P. Johnstone,
Jane Grant.
Vancouver East School.
Jemima Reid,                                                    Florence M. McAlpine,
Ethel J. Carter,                                                May Henderson,
Elizabeth Brown,                                           Chester Wood,
Alfred E. Foreman,                                         Alice E. Urquhart.
Victoria Boys' School.
Ernest E. Blake,                                               Edward H. McEwen,
Henry M. Wilson,                                            William E. Reynolds,
John R. B. Anderson,                                     John W. Spencer,
Stuart H. D. Bayne,                                        Harcourt P. Dickinson,
Lachlan McMillan,                                           Charles H. Lowe,
Herbert P. Winsby,                                         Thomas D. Fawcett,
Francis A. Thomson,                                        Alfred S. Huxtable,
Eilbeek C. Wilson,                                         Edward H. Griffith,
Earl W. Clarke,                                             William A. McKeown,
Robert Jesse.
Victoria Girls' School.
Lilian R. Renwick,                                        Eleanor A. Lee,
Mary E. Fletcher,                                               Mary L. Wooley,
May Gertrude Duncan,                                     Martha E. Redfern,
Ethel L. McKitrick,                                      Charlotte A. Thomas,
Margaret S. Blackbourn,                                Edith M. Roberts,
Caroline H. Green,                                           Alice M. Eckersley,
Lilias F. Sutherland.
Victoria West School.
William Fairall.
Wellington School.
Alice John,                                                     Addie Matheson.
Kamloops School.
Edith A. Thexton,                                         Arthur 0. Cochrane, 688 Public Schools Report. 1893
Rural Schools.
T>   ,       .,, fMary A. A. Nason,
tarkervllle   {Roberta F. E. Nason.
Cedar, South James Thomas.
Centreville Richard A. Henderson.
Gordon Head John H. Somers.
Harewood   Joan Leask.
Kensington Mary Carncross.
Puntled-e /EHza MilliSan>.
°         (Winfred Renmson.
rp (Constance Green,
 \Maud Beadleston.
Yale Leonard A. Dodd.
Special Examinations,  1892.
Mary D. Skinner, Vancouver. Margaret M. Burns, Victoria.
James D. Fraser, Vancouver. Kenneth J. Burns, Victoria.
Katie Pearce, Victoria Douglas McD. Hunter, Vancouver.
Ernest A. Lakin, Victoria. Sarah Truswell, Vancouver.
Harry Orrell, Vancouver. David Tait, Victoria.
Phoabe Spragge, Victoria.
Semi-Annual Midsummer Examinations, 1893.
Graded Schools.
Nanaimo Boys' School.
John T. Cowie, Mark H. Morgan,
Colin C. MeKenzie, Francis W. Young.
Nanaimo Girls' School.
Margaret J. Brown, Margaret McRae.
New Westminster Boys' School.
Matthew J. Knight, Frederic Nash,
Charles E Osborne, Ronald L. Cliff,
John Martin, Walter F. Edmonds,
Hugh A. Youdall, Arthur Insley,
Frederic A. T. Cliff, Herbert G. Leaf,
Arthur W. Gray, Rout Harvey.
New Westminster Girls' School.
Gertrude E. Robson, Jeanie Philip,
Ada B. King, Velina E. Rowe,
Elizabeth D. Gray, Lulu M. Grant,
Lorne C. Ross. 57. Vict.
Public Schools Report.
689
Sapperton School.
Arthur L. Kendall,
Edith Wells.
Vancouver Central School.
Norman Moors,
Minnie E. Burnet,
Mary George,
Edith M. Westcott,
Miriam Robinson,
Annetta E. Morris,
Clifford Fraser,
Whitley Murray,
Floretta McLeod,
Jean I. Wils
Robert Telford,
Martha Tierney,
Hugh B. Wilson,
Hattie Olmstead,
Agnes W. Gibb,
John A. Jones,
Ella B. Campbell,
May J. Cassady,
Frederick H. Godfrey,
Vancouver East School.
Ernest I. May,
William J. Janes,
Laura McNair,
John W. Bovyer,
Sarah McAlpine,
Rubina MeKenzie,
Mary Dixon,
Jessie M. Dixon,
William Clarke.
Victoria Boys' School.
Leonard Spragge,
Bernhard P. Schwengers,
Christopher J. Loat,
George H. Arthur,
Alexander W. Dow,
Paul H. Renwick,
John A. Worthington,
Linclater G. Marshall,
Edwin S. Tuck,
Walter J. Sheriff,
William J. Beam,
William H.
William W. Wilson,
Charles W. Steers,
Charles T. Revely,
Thomas Kermode,
Arthur Thomas,
Isidor Cohen,
Walter W. Storey,
Stanley McB. Smith,
Frederick K. Vigor,
Frederick Nickerson,
John W. Lorimer,
Kinsman.
Victoria Girls' School.
Grace E. Sherk,
Mary McGraw,
Rose T. Jackson,
Alice Doran,
Mary L. Van Horst,
Belle Netherby,
John D. Tillar,
Bibianne Moore,
Bessie E. Morrison,
Rosa Tranter,
Florence G. Jackson,
Mary Cathcart,
Margaret Murray.
Wellington School.
Rebecca John. 690 Public Schools Report. 1.893
Rural Schools.
[Agnes Ruckle,
Beaver Point - Ella Ruckle,
[ Clara Trage.
Burgoyne Bay Thomas Akerman.
Cedar, South        .Louisa Stark,
n           ... (Hester E. Melhuish,
Centreville      ^John R Watgon
Chilliwhack
' Caroline L. Webb,
Jane E  Higginson,
Clarinda E. Stevenson,
Emily Knight.
Clover Valley Thomas Shannon.
T   , /May E. Daniels,
) John A. Lindsay.
T   . (Katie Smith,
lMlu \Maud Moffatt.
,.    ,    „., (Agnes Trembath,
Maple Ridge jGJ£ge y Q^
Metchosin Laurence A. Whitlaw.
/Cora Tingley,
Mission    - Charles W. Murray,
(Frederick Fortin.
p       ,r     , (Frank Dockrill,
"      \Ernest J. Johnston.
Saanich, North William H. Brethour.
Saanich, West Susan M. Hagan.
Sumas George E. Chadsey.
Trenant Adelbert W. Oliver.
Vesuvius Thomas Mouat.
Special Examinations, 1893.
Belle L. Corbett New Westminster.
Mercy E. Wilkinson Vancouver.
Total number of applicants examined 402
ii it it passed , . 228
-:0:- 57 Vict.
Public Schools Report.
691
APPENDIX C.
ROLL OF HONOUR LIST FOR  1892-93.
The Provincial Rolls of Honour are presented at the close of the school-year to the three
pupils of each school who are accredited by their teacher with first rank in—
(a.) Deportment,
(b.)  Punctuality and Regularity,
(c.)  Proficiency.
No pupil shall be eligible to any of these honours unless he has been in attendance for
more than half the number of days the school was in session, and only one award can be made
to the same pupil.
In no case can more than three awards be made to the pupils of any school. Should
there be a difficulty in deciding between two or more pupils, the teacher must take into
consideration other points of merit in order to determine to whom the Roll of Honour shall
be presented.
PROVINCIAL ROLL OF HONOUR LIST,  1892-93.
 o	
Pupils Accredited by their Teacher with First Rank.
Schools.
Deportment.
Regularity & Punctuality.
Profieieney.
Abbotsford	
George McDonald	
Florence Lydia Beebe. ...
Charles Taylor	
Madge Currie	
Ambie S. McRae	
Adam Thomson	
James Craig.
[aid
Alberni   	
John Thomson.
it       (Beaver Creek)..
William Arthur Thompson
Emily Maud Bishop  	
Simon MeKenzie.
Aldergrove 	
Not awarded.
Aldergrove, South	
Armstrong	
Olga Lindseth	
May McLeod	
Alfred Broe	
William Murray.
Catherine Ann Newland.
Mary Annie Lehman	
Arthur Herbert Street . . .
Alice Ethel Lehman	
Mary A. A. Nason.
Colina McDonald.
Annie Knox	
Adolphus William Trage .
Beaver Point	
Alexander McLennan ....
Ella Ruckle.
Belmont	
Jane Lamella Griffith....
Goldie Arthur Griffith .. .
Phoebe Angeline Mclnnes.
Brownsville	
Caroline Quible	
Lilian Punch.
William Furness  	
Annie Furness 	
Thomas Akerman.
Burton's Prairie	
Samuel Newton	
Millie Papin	
Amy Graham.
Cache Creek 	
William Alex. McLeod.. .
[enson
Georgina Josephine Steph-
[son
Christina  Perry  Stephen- 692
Public Schools Report.
1893
Schools
Cadboro 	
Camp Slough	
Cedar Hill	
Cedar, North	
Cedar, South	
Centreville,  1st Division.
2nd       „
Cheam  	
Chemainus	
Chemainus Landing.
Chilliwhack	
Chilliwhack, East	
Clayton   	
Clinton	
Clover Valley	
Coldstream	
Colwood	
Comox, North	
Comox, South	
Courtenay	
Cowichan, South	
Craigflower	
Denman Island	
Departure Bay	
Donald	
Ducks 	
Dunaeh	
Duncan   	
Enderby	
English	
Esquimalt	
Fairfield	
Gabriola, North	
Gabriola, South	
Galiano	
Genoa	
Deportment.
Mary Chain Tait . .
Annie Muirhead . . .
Julia Glendenning
William York ....
Robert Magnire . .
Nora Reece	
Bessie Henderson.
James Proctor. ...
Richard Mainguy.
William S. Gray..
Mary E. Dumvill .
Maria A. Smith . .
Mary G. White. . .
Oscar Nelson	
Regularity & Punctuality.!
Profi
eiency.
Walter Thistle	
Thomas Muirhead	
James Cousins Miller
Eliza Emma Hemer	
David J. Thomas	
Ruby Sophia Henderson . .
Charles Peers	
George N. Ryder	
Leonard Bonsall	
Minnie Gray	
Cora M. Crankshaw	
William J. Good	
John R. Cameron	
Alfred Smith	
Jessie Isabel Murphy
Rose Brewer	
Henry Piaggio	
Minnie Berkeley	
Leopold Anderton	
Sarah Adelaide Maehin . . .
Edna May Rogers	
Mary Porter	
Annie Louisa Kenan	
James Kemp	
Ethel M. Newman	
Not awarded.
Lillian White	
Inez Duncan	
Bertha Cameron	
Not awarded.
Austin Oliver	
Peter David McSween . . ,
Not awarded.
Charlotte Peterson	
Eliza E. Georgeson	
Ethel May Weismiller . .
Frederick W. McElmon.
Charles Kieffer	
Arthur S. Peatt	
Judson McPhee	
Harry Teague	
Phcebe Beech	
Edward Shearing	
Eva May Whittier	
Charles Kenan	
Clovis Michaelson  	
Albyn Urquhart	
James Towlan	
Annie Clara Duncan
Francis Lawes	
Catherine Halawell .
Mina Sarah Davis. . .
Robert Martin 	
Robert J. Georgeson	
Harry Edward Mclntyre
Albert Beaumont.
Nellie Thorburn.
Lily Knight.
Jane Beck.
Mabel Cairns.
Hester Ellen Mellmish.
George Lundy.
Frederick N. Nelmes.
Algernon Lloyd.
Charles W. YY'esthaver.
Roberta E. Stevenson.
Stephen W. Snider.
Martha A. Stone.
Mary Smith.
Thomas D. Shannon.
Vincent Duteau.
Alice Wale.
Walter McPhee.
Edmund Anderton.
Charles Herbert Smith.
Louie Shrapnel Barter.
Charlotte Maud Whittier.
Gladys Maude Kenan.
James Davidson Clark.
Grace Carrie Watson.
Ann Towlan.
Isabella Duncan.
Louisa Cameron.
Zillah Oliver.
Margaret May MeSvveen.
Agnes Edgar.
Oliver Winstanley.
Dennis Chisholm. 57 Vict.
Public Schools Report.
693
Schools.
Glen wood	
Golden	
Gordon Head..
Grand  Prairie.
Gulfside	
Hall's Prairie .
Haney	
Harewood
Hope	
Hornby    	
Howe Sound	
James Island	
Junction	
Kamloops, 1st Division.
2nd
3rd
Kaslo    	
Kelowna	
Kensington	
Kettle River	
Lake	
Langley	
Langley,  East	
Lansdowne	
Lillooet  	
Lochiel	
Lulu	
Lytton    . .
M aple Bay	
Maple Ridge	
Mayne Island	
Metchosin	
Mission, 1st Division. ..
m      2nd     	
Moodyville 	
Mountain, ] st Division.
Deportment.
Lucy Ann Annand	
Margaret Jenkins	
Genevieve Pollock	
Mary Pringle	
Agnes Williams	
Henrietta Martha Thrift .
Alberta Elizabeth Cook ..
Alice Hilbert	
John George Corrigan....
Not awarded.
William Glassford	
Esther Annette Seaton. . .
Maud McLean ,	
Elizabeth Miles	
Alice Bertha Lauder	
Edmund Grindrod	
Annie Wells	
Rose Raynes	
Charles Willoughby Miller
Laura B. Covert	
Jeanie McMorrah	
Ella Shearer	
Albert Victor Armstrong.
Agnes Mary McCleery
Nora Royde Colbeck	
Linius Adolphus Bigger ..
Maud Dinsmore	
Henry Walter Seward . ..
Benjamin May	
Elizabeth Haney	
Stanley Howard Robson..
Lee Llewellyn Field	
Clara Murray	
Emma McLean	
Sophia Smith	
Robert McNiven 	
Regularity & Punctuality.
Frank Annand	
Laura Kenny	
Frederick Somers	
Agnes Smith	
Roderick Ramage	
Myrtle Grace Gilfillan....
Herbert John Ausell	
Joseph Calverly	
Henry Robert Wardle....
Thomas William Andrews
Frederick G. N. Seaton . .
Patrick Telouse	
Martha Florence Lee	
William Marvin Campbell
William Davison	
Adaline McMillan	
Wilfred Favell	
George Ogden Ludlow....
Violet Ward	
John Black 	
Lucy Shearer	
Linton Harris	
Benjamin Frank Young . .
Susan Roundtree	
Alexander James Smith . .
Anna May Sexsmith	
Frank Blachford	
Norman John Shopland . .
Hugh Fosset	
Alice Elizabeth Heck ....
Gavin Frederick Weir ...
Laura Tingley	
Thomas Gibbard	
John Alexander McDonald
Samuel Waddington	
Proficiency.
Barbara Anderson.
Gladys Houston.
Isaac Somers.
Jessie Sarah Clemitson.
Dorothy Ramage.
Nettie May Gilfillan.
Frank Esby Armstrong.
Olive Randle.
Ethel Glover Wardle.
Ethel May Manning.
Gertrude Elizabeth Seaton
Robert Scott.
Ruby M. Kidd.
Briseis Goodfellow.
William Albert Stephenson
Bertie Wright.
Mabel Mair.
Mary Carncross.
Clive Pettijohn.
John A. Lindsay.
Harry Lawson Carter.
Elizabeth Morrison.
Ethel Lulu Heard.
Arthur Armit Phair.
Mary Smith.
Aimie Elizabeth Melles.
Lily Blachford.
Rosa May.
Agnes Trembath.
George Alexander Rudd.
Charles Edward Whitlaw
James F. Tupper.
Ethel R. Solloway.
Grace Smith.
George Horth, 694
Public Schools Report.
1893
Schools.
Deportment.
Regularity & Punctuality.
Proficiency.
.1 Division ..
in	
Mount Lehni;
Mary Alice Israel	
Melinda Israel	
Jennie Sweeney.
Mud Bay
Ethel Mary Johnson	
Elvia Alice Johnson	
Neil William Johnson.
Nanaimo :—
High Schoo!
Boys'      „
Margaret Maude Robertson
Frank Davis	
1st Division
John Cowie.
M
2nd
William Glaholm	
Herbert Hodgson	
Charles  Drake.
3rd        „
4th
John Manson	
Evan Escott	
Naylor Wilson	
Peter Brennan.
Girls'     n
1st
Emma Olmstead	
Agnes May Fraser	
Margaret Brown.
ii         ii
2nd
3rd
Nancy May James	
[ilton.
Christina Elizabeth Ham-
Evelyn Akenhead	
Edith L. M. Whitfield . . .
Margaret Ramsay.
Edith Leonora Sampson.
4th        i,
Nancy Jane Wilson	
John William Hamilton ..
Maud McCafferty.
Agues Maria Quennell.
North Ware
, 1st        „
George Arthur Rosewall..
n           11
2nd
Ellen Maud May	
Ralph Percy Craig	
William Frost.
South     ti
1st
Joseph Blundell	
Richard William Smith.
2nd       H
Clara Ann Gray	
Jane Sharp  	
Alicia Good.
Not awarded.
Etta Muir.
New Westminster :—
High School
William Cunningham ....
Leonora E. Hughes.
2nd      „
1st        „
Boys'      ii
Ernest Cecil Barclay	
Matthew John Knight.
Leo Smith.
n           n
2nd      „
Frederick C. Dillabough..
William Edward Oliver ..
3rd
Wilmot Wellwood	
Walter Robson	
Emerson Raper.
Charles Bryson.
William Ernest Banton.
4th
William Hennessy	
John King	
5th
William Francis Figg ....
6th
Olive Dillabough.
Gertrude Estella Robson.
Girls'      „
1st
Helen Adeline Ross	
Abigail Alice Young	
ii          it
2nd      „
Ethel Chamberlain	
Edna Beatrice Burr	
Bessie Gray Eastman.
3rd       „
4th
5th
Agnes Jane Robson	
Bessie Matilda Burr	
Mildred Ruth Oliver
ii          ii
Sophie Eiekhoff	
Agnes Helen Rankin.
Sapperton,
1st
Edith M. Devoy	
Ross P. Jameson 	
Mabel Wells.
n
2nd      „
Maude Alberta Tisdale ..
Emma Myrtle Watt	
Harriet May Stevenson,
3rd      „
George McKee	
Percy Jewitt. 57 Vict.
ublic Schools Report.
695
Schools.
Department.
Regularity & Punctuality.
Proficiency.
New Westminster :—
Westside,  1st Division.
Belle Biggins	
Alma Howay	
Margaret Parsons.
2nd      „
Florence Estelle Pogue. ..
Letter Edwin Julien	
Ray Julien.
3rd
Mabel Johnston	
William Foster Smither. .
George   Washington   Big-
Nicola	
Maud Carrington	
William Gordon Murray. .
[gins.
Jessie McDonald Murray.
Nicola Valley	
Eva Hemlaw Woodward..
Beatrice Eleanor Irwin. . .
Albert Edward Irwin.
Nicomin	
Robert Gilman	
Leonard Hill	
Jane Cathels Gourlay.
North Arm	
Ethel A. Mitchell	
Fanny Elizabeth Rea	
Sarah Ann Daniels.
Northfield,  1st Division. .
Augustus Abraham	
Elizabeth Waring	
Ellen Maud Sloan.
m            2nd         „
Amanda Regard	
Alexis Gueulette	
Mary Davis.
it           3rd         ,i
Stella Jones	
Alice Wilks	
4th
David Hughes	
Gustave Terry.
Grau Edith Gibson	
Arthur T. Edwards	
Charles James Price  	
John Armour	
Lucy Sabiston Gibson.
Hugh Cannell.
North Thompson	
Mabel Dell	
Edith Hopkins	
Harriet Thomson	
Dorothea Thomson.
Otter	
Eliza Livingstone.
Agnes Wilson.
Oyster	
James Wilson	
Bertie Porter	
Oyster, North	
Kate Sarah Michael	
Maude Adelaide Cassidy..
Elizabeth MeCuish.
Port Kells   	
John Latta	
John McClughan	
Arthur Spear	
Alice Gray	
Ellen McClughan.
Frank Dockrill.
Port Moodv	
Lena Culbert	
Dora Elsie Plaxton.
Puntledge 	
Adelaide Mary Willemar.
Mary Milligan	
Eliza Milligan.
Annie Elizabeth Woods . .
Thomas William Woods. .
Amy Lindesa.y Dickson.
Julia Ann Shepherd	
Lilly Mabel Valentine....
Henry Brooks Parker....
Leopold H. R. St. Laurent
William Arthur Beavo ...
Charles Alfred Ball	
Josephine E.M.St.Laurent
Ruth Linda Valentine.
Rocky Point	
Beatrice Ball.
Lorne V. Nevin	
Mary J. Hamilton.
Jessie M. Shields	
Margaret M. Brethour....
Charles A. Leduc	
Alexander Williams	
Lee A. Patten.
Saanich, North	
William Herbert Brethour.
Saanich, South	
Alice May Harrison	
Joseph C. Marcotte	
Lottie Louise Turgoose.
Saanich, West   	
Robert Burns Thomson. ..
Virginia Josephine Hagan
Mary Susan Hagan.
Sahtlam	
Edith Margaret Castley.
Salmon Arm ....
Mary McLeod	
Hudi McMillan	
Mary McRae.
Henry Wilson.
Serpentine .,,	 G96
Public Schools Report.
1893
Schools.
Deportment.
Regularity & Punctuality.
Proficiency.
Minnie M. Garnett	
Marjorie McDonald	
Daniel W. Gabourie	
Kittle Chase	
Alice E. Barry.
Minnie P. Elliott.
Shuswap Prairie	
Silverdale. ...
Rose Ann Hueston	
lohn Ernest Manzer.
Shnilkameen .
Sarah Ann McCurdy	
William Daly	
Williain Gillanders.
William Lindsay Alexander
Agnes Blanche Mutter . . .
Not awarded.
Louis Goedtel	
Rachel Ogden Alexander .
Margaret Ann Blyth	
Queenie Sarah Cartwright.
Morgan James Morgan. . .
Henry Ehmcke	
Gertrude Louise Crosby.
Irene Maria Norcross.
Somenos	
Adam Goedtel.
Sooke. East	
John Bradley.
Sophia Bothia Ehmcke.
Spallumcheen
David McGregor Graham.
Spence's Bridge	
James Angus Winters....
William Robert Winters .
Catherine Jane Winters.
Steveston ....
Fannie McElhinney	
Edward Earl McElhinney.
Albert   Emulus   McElhin-
Helen F. McGillivray	
Allen C. Chadsey	
[ney.
Frederic C. C. Chadsey.
Lizzie Lucy Wilson.
Bessie Churchland.
Florence Mabel Caselton.
Surrey Centre
Tolmie,  1st Di
Louisa Carto	
Mary Jane Owens	
,.        2nd
Emma Ridge.
Maud E. Beadlestone.
William McKay.
Clare Emile Smith	
Roletta May Grant	
True H. Oliver	
George Walker	
Union Mines,
1st Division
11
2nd      „
Gertrude Grant	
Robert Struthers	
Norman Short.
Vancouver :—
Percy De Pencier	
Max Macgowan	
ii            ii
2nd    „
Elizabeth George	
Henry Allen McTaggart.
ii            ii
3rd     ii
Mabel Abbie Blair	
Annie Maude Frank	
Edith Clara Parker.
1st      i,
2nd    ii
Mary George	
Ida Adela Madill	
Norman Moors.
Louie Tracy.
ii            n
Ethel Maud Grady	
3rd    H
Mabel Southcott
4th    „
5th    „
Eddie Madill	
Edna L. Fader	
Edith Southcott.
Kathleen Boyd.
n            n
Ross A. Fullerton	
6th    „
7th    „
Florence Donaldson	
Maimie Donnelly	
Maude Grant	
Eleanor Hazel Stitt	
Eva Carson.
Sarah Peach.
Norman Dunn	
8th    „
1st     „
Villa Jones.
Ernest Ira May.
East         „
George Martin 	
2nd    „
3rd     „
4th     „
Oscar Ridley.
Lena Hoffar.
Frederick Saunders,
Maud Young	
Grace Marion	
■I     H
Paul Goudron	 57 Vict.
Public Schools Report.
697
Schools.
Deportment.
Regularity & Punctuality.
Proficiency.
Vancouver :—
East School, 5th Divi Jon
„    6th     „
Minnie Reid	
Maud Anthony	
Arthur Granville	
Charles Homewood.
„    7th     „
Maggie Jervis	
Irving Easier	
William McDonald.
„    8th     „
Charles Campbell	
Annie Scuiotto	
Daisy Gillespie.
Mildred Duke.
East Branch, 1st    M
„    2nd    „
Arthur Townley	
William Lusk.
„    3rd     „
Earl Robinson	
Alvin Dobson	
Gordon Martin.
,i    4th     „
Jessie Butler	
William Porter	
Arthur McDonald.
West School, 1st     ii
Ralph Berteaux 	
Percy Patterson	
Bertie Wood.
„    2nd    „
Edmund K. Spillman ....
Myrtle Musgrove	
Stanley McKay.
„    3rd     „
W ilson Heaps	
John MeLachlan	
Alice Bauer.
,i    4th     „
Mattie Marsden	
Nellie Chapman	
„    5th     „
Kenriek Valentine Martin
Ernest Alfie Dickie.
,i    6th     „
Gertrude Weart	
Morley R. Godfrey
John Lodge.
,i    7th     „
Helen Rivere Peek	
Maggie Jane Martin	
Henrietta MeLachlan.
n    8th     „
Thomas Muir	
Albert Cresswell.
Mt. Pleasant, 1st    „
James McMillan	
Ethel Crookall	
Oscar Boult.
2nd    „
Francis Shrapnel	
Roy Thompson"	
Gertie Whitman.
3rd     „
Lucy Vosper	
Jennie Burns.
4th     „
Thomas Barton	
Secord Barnes	
Howard Johnston.
5th     „
Charles Battison	
David Gibbons	
May Gow.
6th     „
Bertha Hamilton	
David Kilby	
Pearl Goodmurphy.
Vernon,  1st Division	
Caroline Mohr	
Oliver St. Clair Mabee . . .
Charles Christien.
ii        2nd       ,	
Mary McKinnon	
Annie Reinhard	
George French.
William Mouat	
Lillie Francis Sampson . . .
Eva Jenkins	
May F. Sampson	
Dorothy Norton.
Martha Cecilia Rule.
Vesuvius,  North	
Victoria :—
High School, 1st Division
Mary Porter	
Laura L. Nickerson	
Miriam Frank.
n    2nd    „
Isabella McTaggart	
Kate Wolfenden	
Edith Byrn.
„    3rd     „
George Edward Brown . ..
Stuart H. D. Bayne
Margaret Cassilis Maclean.
„    4th     „
Thomas Douglas Fawcett.
Lilian Rutherford Fenwick
David Tait.
Boys'       ,,    1st      H
Hans Kroeger	
Paul Haliburton Renwick.
Leonard Spragge.
„    2nd    „
Walter Williseroft	
Alfred George Herd	
Edgar M. Burns.
m    3rd     „
William Henry Grove....
Richard James Maynard .
Frederick Egerton Ewart.
„    4th     „
Charles Maclean	
Bornie Pollard. 69S
Public Schools Report.
1893
Schools.
Deportment.
Regularity & Punctuality.
Proficiency.
Victoria :—
Boys'School,5th Divis'n.
George Holmes Noble....
Alexander Vaughan	
Roy Brandwood Dier.
ii           n    6th    ,i
Frederic Gordon	
Sinclair John Herd	
Leon Nieolle.
„    7th    „
Albert Joseph Sommer ..
Milton Oliver Cameron ..
Alexander Moss.
„    Sth    „
Bertie Henry Esnouf	
Alexander MeKenzie	
Henry Peter Wolf.
Girls'        ,i    1st     H
Sarah Hannah Eckersley .
Grace Sherk,
,i    2nd    „
Gertrude Emma Collis....
Harriet Mackay	
Pearl Winnifred Fleming.
Elizabeth Thomson	
ii           ii    4th     ,i
Grace Dudgeon	
EtheFColes.
ii    5th     „
Eleanor Constance Loat . .
Nora Louise Wilson	
Gertrude Mary MaeFarlane
„    6th     „
Florence McNeill	
Margaret Ann MeKenzie .
Annie Sparrow.
Ethel Mills.
i,    8th     „
Leonore Carmody	
CentralBranch 1st    „
Kenneth Wollaston	
William John Trickey....
Hermina C. Wilson	
Delbert Whittaker.
ti           h    3rd    it
Florence Whittaker	
Henry F. Hart.
„    4th     ,i
Elizabeth R. Strachan....
Catherine Maud Lovell. ..
Ethel Eleanor Devlin.
Westgohoal, 1st     „
Margaret Torrance	
Marguerite McLean.
ii            ii    2nd    „
Henrietta Bishop	
Charles Fairall	
Hjalmar Jacobson.
May Few.
Jessie Cafaire.
Ethel Wilson	
James Bay Ward School:
Bertha Louise Cooley ....
Donald Campbell Mackay.
Robert Percival Dunn....
Helen Maude Emery	
2nd          „     	
Margaret McPherson Lowe
William Mulcahv.
3rd          „     	
Hillside Ward School:
Henrietta Batchelor	
Maggie Robertson	
Frederick Pellow	
Johnston Gilchrist	
James Mackay	
2nd         „     	
Thomas Wilson.
3rd          M
RoekBay Ward School :
Richard Alexander Hall. .
Fanny Laviuia Young....
Edith Bull.
2nd         i,	
Spring Ridge WardSch.
1st Division	
John Dempster	
Robert Henry Neelands..
Catherine Chapman.
2nd         ,i     	
Valgedur Myrdal	
Sigurdlina V. Breidjfoid..
George Leighton	
Agnes May Mnsson.
3rd          	
Evelyne Meunier	
Lizzie Gillespie	
Wellington, 1st Division..
Charles D. McDonald. 57 Vict.                                  Public Schools Report.                                           699
Schools.
Deportment.
Regularity & Punctuality.
Proficiency.
Wellington, 2nd Division .
3rd     „
ii            4th     „
Lena Pringle	
Sarah Saunders	
Kate Zaccarelli	
Margaret Jane Savage....
Ella Isabella Henderson . .
Peter Dussault	
Hester Maria Gillard	
Pauline Boley	
John McKinnon	
Edward Voillack	
Edward Harris Savage . ..
Jessie Elizabeth Stickney.
John Hutcheson	
Lillie Rutherford.
Williain Sharp.
John Work.
James Alex. Savage.
Williams Lake	
Yale	
York	
Noble Wellington Oliver.
Garnet Johnston.
Mabel Sarah York	
Ida Rose Bowman.
- 700 Public Schools Report. 1cS93
APPENDIX D.
HIGH SCHOOLS ENTRANCE EXAMINATION—MIDSUMMER,  1893.
Written Arithmetic.
1. (a.) One link is what decimal of a foot?
(b.) How far will a train travel in 1 hour 35 minutes at the rate of 9T5T miles in 14^
minutes?
2. A man had two rolls of bank bills, all of the same denomination, one roll worth $140
and the other worth $275.  What was the denomination of the bills if they were
of the highest denomination possible ?
3. A can do a piece of work in 4^ days that requires B 6 days and C 9 days to do the
same amount of work.     In how many days can they do it working together ?
4. If 10  horses consume 7 bus.   2 pk. of oats in 7 days,  in what time will 28 horess
consume 3 qr. C bus. at the same rate ?
5. A and  B lend  each |248 for 3 years @ 3|%, one at simple interest, the other at
compound  interest; find the difference in the amount of interest which they
respectively receive.
6. A man sold his farm for $3,960, which was 10% less than he gave for it, and he gave
for it 10% more than it was worth.    What was its actual value 1
7. Sold this day my house and lot for $3,800 cash and a mortgage for $6,500 running
3 years without interest.    The use of money being worth 7% per annum, what
is the cash value of the house and lot ?
8. Find  the  discount  charged  in  discounting a bill for $7,850, drawn April 9th  at 7
months and discounted June 19th @ 10%.    (Days of grace allowed.)
Mental Arithmetic.
1. 3f of T6T is double what number ? Ans.
2. 10% of 120 is 8 less than 5% of what number ? Ans.
3. What will 150 yards cost @ $1.48 per yard 1 Ans.
4. .375 : x :: § : 10, find the second term. Ans.
5. Reduce .125 cwt. to lbs. Ans.
6. John and  Charles together can do a piece of work in 2-t days.
John can do it in 4J days.    In what time can Charles
do it 1 Ans.
7. Bought  1   doz.   chickens  for  $7.50;  three  dying,   I  sold  the
remainder at the rate of $10.50 a dozen.   What did I gain
by the transaction 1 Ans.
8. One steamer makes 8J miles in 40 minutes, and another 9 miles
in 45 minutes.    What distance per hour does one make
more than another ? Ans.
9. From what would you subtract 15 to obtain §? Ans.
10. At what rate per cent.,  simple interest,  will $125 amount to
$140 in 4 years ? Ans. 57 Vict. Public Schools Report. 701
English Grammar.
1. (a.) Define language, etymology, and syntax.
(b.) Name five nouns that are used only in the plural.
2. (a.) Which of the relative pronouns cannot be used as an interrogative?
(b.) Give a sentence in which what is equivalent to two nominatives.
3. (a.) What adjectives have plurals ?
(b.)  How is the superlative degree formed?
4. (a.) Show the two-fold function of a conjunctive adverb.
(b.)  Give the ordinary classification of adverbs.
5. («.)  What does the subjunctive mood express ?
(6.) How is the passive voice formed ?
6. (a.) What are impersonal verbs ?    Name three.
(b.) Give the 2nd person plural pluperfect subjunctive, passive, of the verb to eat.
7. Correct, if necessary, the following, giving reasons for corrections made:—
(a.) It was her who I seen.
(b.) We made him to come quick.
(c.) John sells boy's and mens' hats.
(d.) She is getting the better of her cold.
(e.) Neither a borrower nor a lender bf.
8. («.) Analyze the following: —
He that holds fast the golden mean,
And lives contentedly between
The little and the great,
Peels not the wants that pinch the poor,
Nor plctgues that haunt the rich man's door,
Embittering all his state.
(f.) Parse the italicized words in the preceding quotation.
(In parsing each word, its properties and relations must be given in full.)
Canadian History.
1. ft.) What is History ?
(b.)  When does the history of Canada properly commence ?
2. (c.t.) Name some of the early explorers of the country.
(b.) Give the meaning of the words "Quebec" and "Montreal."
3. (a.) Locate Louisburg.    When was it first taken by the British ?
(b.) By what treaty was Canada ceded to Britain ?    When 1
4. Give an account of each of the following :—
(a.) Pontiac's Conspiracy.
(b.) Military Rule.
(c.) Expulsion of the Acadians.
(d.) National Policy.
(«.) North-West Rebellion.
5. (a.) By what Parliament was the British North America Act passed ?    When 1
(b.)  Who was the first Governor-General of the Dominion ? 702 Public Schools Report. 189-3
6. Explain the following terms :—
(«.) Municipality.
(b.)  Township.
(c.)   Mayor.
(d.) Reeve.
(«.)   Sheriff.
7. (a.) Of what does the Dominion Parliament consist?
(A.)  What is meant by Responsible Government?
English History.
1. (a.) State the origin of the word "England."
(I).) Who introduced Christianity into Britain?    When?
2. (a.) Name four brothers who consecutively became Kings of England.
(b.) Give the Danish line of monarc-hs with dates.
3. (a ) Who were the leaders in the battle of Stamford Bridge?   What was the result?
(6.) Who was Stephen?    Show that he was a usurper.
4. (a.) Name two Kings who were deposed.
(b.) Give the causes that led to the deposition of each.
5. Explain the following:—
(a.) Ship-money. (c.) Star Chamber.
(b.) Interdicts. (d.) Commonwealth,
(e..) Bloody Assize.
6. («.) With what victories are the names of Marlborough, Nelson, Sir John Moore, Lord
Clive associated?
(b.) State the causes of the Indian Mutiny.
7. What was the object of each of the following Acts:—
Habeas Corpus, Act of Settlement, First Reform Bill.
8. (a.) Write the words for which R. el I. stand.
(b.) Who is the present Prime Minister?    The Leader of the Opposition?
Composition.
1. (a.) Give a general rule for the use of the semi-colon.
(b.) In the word 'tis, what is the mark before the t called?
2. What are the abbreviations for the following:—
(a ) Videlicet.
(b.) Note well (i.e. take special notice),
(c.) For example (for the sake of example).
(d.) Doctor of Philosophy.
(e.) Bachelor of Medicine.
3. (a.) Change the following compound sentence into a complex sentence:—
"You asked me a question and I have answered it."
(b.) Combine the following simple sentences into one compound sentence:—
The sailors were unable to remain longer on deck.
They climbed into the rigging.
They saw no way of escape.
They gave themselves up for lost.
4. Write a letter of not less than five lines addressed to whom you please, and on any
subject you like.
5. Write a composition on one of the following subjects:—
(a.) Gold. (c.) Patriotism.
(b.) Flowers of Spring. (d.) Intemperance,
(e.) Newspapers. 57 Vict.
Public Schools Report.
703
Anatomy, Physiology, and Hygiene.
1. (a )  Bones consist of animal and earthy matter.     How can you show this to be true?
(b.) What kind of joint has the shoulder?    The knee?
2. (a.) What is a ganglion?
(b.) Give three hygienic rules for the proper exercise of the muscles.
3. (a.) Which is the largest of the salivary glands?    Where is it located?
(b.) State the use of saliva before and after deglutition.
4. (a.) Describe briefly the chief organ of circulation.
(b.) How does alcohol affect circulation?
5. (a.) Of what is the nervous system composed?
(6.) What are the most frequent causes of injury to the nervous system?
6. (a.) What nerves connect the ear, the eye, the nose, and the tongue with the brain?
(b.) Why should reading by a dim light or by too bright a light be strictly avoided?
7. Explain and locate the following:—
(a.) Lachrymal. (c.) Pleura.
(b.) Pylorus. (d.) Larynx.
(e.) Medulla oblongata.
Geography.
(a.) What is the difference in length between the polar and equatorial diameters of
the earth ?
(b.) Over what part of the earth is the sun now shining vertically ?
(a.) Why is the earth nearer the sun at certain times of the year than at others?
(b.) When is the earth nearest the sun?    Give two reasons accounting for the temperature at this season.
3. (a
(b
4. (a
(b
) Bound Quebec.
) Name all the waters separating Ontario from the United States.
)  Name three rivers and three mountain chains in France ?    State in what direction
each flows or extends.
) Through what two straits do you pass in sailing from the North Sea into the
Baltic Sea ?
) Into what four provinces is Ireland divided 1
) Give the largest city in each.
6. (a.) Name three lakes in South America, stating in what country each is found.
(b.) Give three cities in Japan.     What are the principal exports of Japan ?
7. Locate and define—
(a.) Sierra Leone,
(b.) Kangaroo,
(c.) Kaslo,
(d.) Magdalen,
(«■) Ayr,
8. («.) Give the extent of British Columbia.
(b.) Name five tributaries of Fraser River.
(f) Taranto,
(g.) Puget,
(h.) Passamaquoddy,
{i.) Texada,
(j.) Severn. 704 Public Schools Report. 1893
APPENDIX E.
HIGH  SCHOOLS EXAMINATION—MIDSUMMER,  1893.
Arithmetic.
1.  Simplify
(a.)  - + -
21 xH
(b.)   (2.05)2x 2.24-^.0041.
2. If a thousand men besieged in a town with provisions for  five  weeks,  allowing each
man 16 oz. a day,  be re-inforced  with  500  men  more,   and have their daily
allowance reduced to 6| oz. ; how long will the provisions last them ?
3. Find the present worth of £2,197 due three years hence, at 4% per annum, compound
interest.
4. (a.) What is equation of payments ?
(b.) A owed B $1,000, to be paid at the end of 9 months ; he pays, however, $200 at
the end of 3 months, and $300 at the end of 8 months; when was the
remainder due ?
5. A  merchant in  Toronto has to  remit to  one in  London £735 sterling ; how many
dollars will he have to give for the bill of exchange,  exchange at  107^ per
cent., commission ^ per cent. ?
6. (a.) Find the difference between the square root of § and the cube root of §.
(b.) What is the side of a cube in inches which will contain as much as a chest 8 ft.
3 in. long, 3 ft. wide, and 2 ft. 7 in. deep?
7. The  weight  of a  cubic' inch  of water is 252.458 grains, a gallon of water weighs 10
lbs. Avoirdupois ; find the number of cubic inches in a gallon.
Mental Arithmetic.
1. If 12 yards of cotton cloth cost $1.60, how much will 39 yards
cost ? Ans.
2. At 6 cents a dwt., what will 4 oz. 10 dwt. 6 grs. of silver cost? Ans.
3. How many times 25 are 21 times -■££■ ? Ans.
4. A watch-chain cost $48, and | of the cost of the chain was f-
of the cost of the watch: what was the cost of the watch? A
ns.
5. A miller takes out 4 quarts  for every bushel he grinds: what
per cent, toll does he take ? A ns.
6. What is the present worth of $50, clue in 5 years at 5 per cent ? Ans .
7. If the interest of $250 for 10 months is $121  what is the rate
per cent.! Ans.
8. What two fractions, whose sum is 11, are to each other as 2|-
to 31? Ans.
9. A has  50 per cent, more property than B, and B has 50 per
cent, more than C: how much per cent, less has C than A? Ans
10. If you purchase a lot of sheep at $2.50 apiece, and should lose
^ of the number, at what price each must you sell the
rest so as neither to gain nor lose? Ans. 57 Vict. Public Schools Report. 705
Mensuration.
1. A rectangular field is 7 chains 35 links long, and 5  chains  broad ;  If acres  is to be
cut off by a line parallel to its breadth.    Where must this line be drawn?
2. Find how many planks, each 13| feet long and 10J inches wide, will be required for
the construction of a platform 54 yards long  and  21  yards  broad.    Find the
cost of the wood at 5|- cents per square foot.
3. The sides of a triangle are 51, 52, and 53 ft., respectively ; find the perpendicular from
the opposite angle on the side of 52 ft., and find   the area  of the two triangles
into which the original triangle is thus divided.
4. A railway platform has two of its opposite sides parallel and its other two sides equal ;
the parallel sides are 80 ft. and 92 ft., respectively ; the equal sides are  10 ft.
each ; find the area.
5. If a circle has the same area as a triangle, the circle has the less  perimeter.    Verify
this statement in the case of a triangle whose sides are 12, 15, and 17 ft.
6. A cubic inch of metal expands so that each face is increased .0201 of its former area ;
find the increase of volume.
7. A vessel is to be made in the form of a right circular cylinder, without a lid, to hold a
cubic foot; the height is to be equal to the radius  of base ; find the area of
the whole internal surface.
Algebra.
(a.) Divide a8 + a4 ¥ + b8 by (a2 - ab + If) (a2 + ab + b2).
(b.)  Factor x2 - 2x - 35, (a + bf - (c + d)2, a2 - iab + 4b2.
(c.)  From a rod 12 inches long I cut off a: inches, and then I cut off y inches of the
remainder.    How many inches are left ?
{ft.) Reduce to its lowest terms
2x3 — x — 1
/, v  a.      ,.,    a2 + b2      2ab2        2a2b
(b.) Simplify _______+.
a2 — b'2     d!' — b3     as + bs
3. (a.) Find the square root of x2 - -|x + ij.
(b.) Find the cube root of xa - 6a;5 + 15a;4 - 20a;3 + 15a;2 - 6sc+ 1.
4. Solve the equations :—
(a.) y-x+z= -5
z-y-x=
x+y+z=
(b.) x2-^~x + l
5. A man has one pound's worth of silver in half-crowns,  shillings  and  six-pences ; and
he has in all 20 coins. If he changed the six-pences for pennies, and the
shillings for six-pences, he would have 73 coins. How many coins of each kind
had he ?
6. The diagonal and the longer side of a rectangle are together five times the shorter
side, and the longer side exceeds the shorter by 35 yards. What is the area of
the rectangle ? 70C Public Schools Report. 1893
Geometry.
1. (a.) How does Euclid develop the science of Geometry ?
(b.)  When are two geometrical magnitudes said to be equal ?
(c.)   Define proposition, corollary, parallel straight lines, and apothegm.
2. To make a triangle, of which the sides shall be equal to three given straight lines, any
two of which are together greater than the third.
3. (a.) State four cases in which Euclid proves that two triangles are equal in all respects.
(b.)  The  straight lines  drawn perpendicular to the  sides of a  triangles from their
middle points, are concurrent.
4. If a straight line be divided into any two parts, the squares on the whole line and on
one of the parts are equal to twice the rectangle contained by the whole and
that part together with the square on the other part.
5. To describe a square that shall be equal to a given rectilineal figure.
6. Equal chords in a circle are equally distant from  the  centre ; and conversely,  those
which are equally distant from the centre are equal to one another.
Trigonometry.
1. (a.) The difference of the two acute angles of a  right-angled triangle is  20s 35'; find
the angles in degrees.
(6.)  The sides of a right-angled  triangle  are in the ratio 1:2:   ^3.    Find the sine,
cosine, and tangent of each acute angle of the triangle.
2. Prove the following statements :— -
(a.) Sin2 A - Cos2 B = Sin2 B - Cos2 A.
(b.) Tan A + cot A = sec A. cosec A.
3. Solve the following triangles :—
(a.) A = 45°, B = 60°, and a = 2.
(/,.) a=l, b = l+ J3, A =15°.
4. (a.) What is the logarithm of a number to a given base ?
(b.)  Given log. 2 = .3010300, log. 3 = .4771213; find the logarithms of 54 and 120.
5. A person wishing to know the distance of a point C measures a straight line AB, and
finds  it  to  be   100  yards; he  observes that  the  angles BAG  and  ABC are
respectively 53° 20' and 59° 30': determine the distance of C from A.
Lsin. 59° 30' = 9.9353204,
Lsin. 67° 10'= 9 9645602,
log. 93489 = 4.9707605.
Natural Philosophy.    (Statics, &c.)
1. Explain the terms, osmose, elasticity of air, centre of gravity, motor, latent heat.
2. (a.) Define specific gravity, and describe two methods of determining it.
(b.)  Why do ships sink deeper in river water than in the ocean ?
3. Sketch and describe the common lifting-pump,  and  state  what  modifications  would
have to be introduced in order to make it into a forcing pump.
4. (a.) State the two laws of Reflection of Light.
(b.)  Distinguish between a lens and a prism. 57 Vict. Public Schools Report. 707
5. (a.) Four equal forces act on a particle.    What are the conditions of equilibrium?
(6.)  There are two forces acting at a point making an angle of 60° with each  other;
the resultant is a force of 3 lbs., and one of the component forces is 2 lbs. ; find
the other.
6. (a.) A cylinder floats with -J- of its bulk above the surface of a fluid whose specific
gravity is .825; find the specific gravity of the cylinder,
(b.)  Explain clearly why a balloon ascends, and why an iron ship floats.
Book-Keeping.
1. When is Single Entry more advantageous than Double Entry ?    What are  its  chief
disadvantages ?
2. (a.) Write a cheque for $89.45 on Bank of B. C, dated to-day.
(b.) A negotiable note at 90 days for $150, bearing interest.
(c.) An order on A. Brooks for goods to the value of $75.
3. (a.) How is the Balance of an account obtained and entered?
(b.) On which side must the Balance, if any, of cash, Bills Receivable and Bills
Payable Accounts fall ?    Why ?
4. (a.) Explain use of Invoices, Bill of Parcels, Loss and Gain Account.
(6.) Explain folio, capital, way-bill, sight, mortgage.
5. Give form for Bills Receivable book, entering in it the following note : —
(a.) W. Jones gave me his note at two months, dated June 1st, for goods value $250,
payable at Bank of Montreal, Victoria. He paid note with $245 cash on 20th
instant.
(b.) Write Bill of Parcels for six articles and receipt it.
6. (a.) Make six entries in the Day-Book, using at least three different names of persons.
(6.) Post these entries and close the Ledger.
Geography.
1. Explain what causes clouds, ivinds, and ocean currents.
2. Show how to find from the globe : —
(a.) The sun's place in the ecliptic on any given day.
(6.)  The hour at which the sun rises and sets at a given place on a given day.
3. Draw an outline map of one of the continents, and show thereon its  structure and
drainage.
4. Describe the United States as to government, area, and natural resources.
5. Name the canals of the Dominion,  stating the waters connected by  them, and  the
reasons for their construction.
6. Wriere are the following places, and for what is each noted:—
(a.) Birmingham,  (b.) San Salvador, (c.) Cracow,  (d.) Swansea, (e.) Richmond,
(f) Kashmir,  (g.) Granada,  (/(.) Kars,  (i.) Brindisi,  (j.) Khartoum.
7. (a.) Name the electoral districts of British Columbia, with the chief city, town, or
village in each.
(b.) Name and locate four cities and two rivers of Australia. 70S Public Schools Report. LS93
English Grammar.
1.   Analyze :
For when the noble Caesar saw him stab,
Ingratitude, more strong than traitors' arms,
Quite vanquished him : then burst his mighty heart,
And in his mantle muffling up his face,
Even at the base of Pompey's statue,
Which all the while ran blood, great Ca?sar fell.
2. Parse the italicized words in previous question.
3. Discuss the following :—
" Words are known by their functions and not by their inflections."
4. Name six different kinds of subjects.    Frame sentences to illustrate your answer.
5. Point out the difference between :—
(a.) Shall I go and Will I go.
(b.) May I go and Can I go.
6. (a.) Illustrate the three principal modes of derivation.
(/>.) In what sense are the words reflexive and indefinite applied to some of the parts
of speech ?
7. Correct errors (if any) in the following sentences :—
(a.) Thompson's "Seasons" is now comparatively little read.
(b.) I think quite as highly of his brother as he.
(c.) All males are of the masculine gender,
(d.) You have weakened instead of strengthened your cause.
(e.) About 4 a. m. I felt rather chilly,  and got up and put on my overcoat, and then
laid down on the car seat.
Composition.
1. (a.) Define Composition.
(b.) Of what three things is good composition the result ?
2. (a.) Give rules for the use of the comma and the colon.
(b.)  State two uses of the dash.
3. Show that i.e.  means   "that  is"; viz.,   "namely"; v.,  "against";   &c,   "and the
rest" ; a. m., " forenoon ".
4. Vary the following expressions so as avoid the harshness of direct statement :—
(a.) Charles is a coward.
(b.)  He is a conceited fellow,
(c.)   I hate that man.
5. Write a composition on one of the following subjects :—
(a.) Every Boy should learn a Trade.
(6.)  Alcohol.
(c.)  Work for Women.
(d.) An Umbrella.
(e.)  Recreation. 57  Vict.
Public Schools Report.
709
Canadian  History.
a.) What caused the failure of the French system of colonization?
b.) Give account of the expeditions of La Salle.
4.
5
Give causes and results of the Quebec Act.
What great changes were made by the Constitutional Act ?
What were the causes of the war of 1812 ?
Give account of the campaign of 1814.
How did the Clergy Reserves hinder the progress of the Colony ?
Why was Ottawa made the Capital ?
What power has the British Government in Canada ?
Describe the Judicial System of Canada.
6.  Write brief notes on the following :—
(a ) Marquette, (e.) Braddock,
(b.) Tecuinseh, (/.') Brock,
(c.) Lord Elgin, (g.) Sir A. McNab,
(d.) O'Neill, (h.) Middleton.
English History.
1. (a.) Trace the union of the Kingdoms of the Heptarchy.
(b.) To which Kings, and why, were the epithets of "Martyr" and "Unready" given?
2. (a.) What was the " Interdict ?"    Why was it imposed ?
(b.) Show how the Crusades affected England.
3. (a.) By what two marriages did Henry VII.  establish himself and his successors on
on the throne ?
(b.) Show that Henry VIII. was an absolute monarch.
4. (a.) What causes led to the Union of England and Ireland ?
(6.) What two persons represent the Imperial Government in Ireland ?
5. (a.) Why was George I. placed on the Throne?
(b.) Explain Triennial Bill.    What Bill superseded it ?
6. Give causes and results of following battles :—
Inkermann ; Trafalgar ; Naseby ; Bannockburn ; Worcester.
7. Give historic reference of :—
Treaty of Dover ; North Briton; the '45 ; Emancipation Bill; Excise Bill.
8. (a.) Explain the maxim " The King ean do no wrong."
(6.) What is the chief power of the House of Commons ?
Anatomy, Physiology, and Hygiene.
(a.) Name the chief chemical elements that enter into the composition of the human
body.
(b.) Distinguish between organic and inorganic bodies.
Describe the position and use of the following organs :—
(a.) Salivary glands.
(b.)  Larnyx.
(c.) Cochlea.
(d.) Crystalline lens.
(e.) Thoracic Duct. 710
Public Schools Report.                                          1893
3.
(a.) By what means can the difference between inspired and expired air be detected?
(b.)  What changes does the air effect when it comes in contact with the blood in the
(c.)
lungs ?
In what way and with what results does the use of alcohol affect respiration ?
4.
(a.) Why is there a pulsation in the arteries and not in the veins ?
(b.)  Name and locate the valves between the auricles and ventricles of the heart.
(c.)  What useful purpose is served by the coagulation of the blood ?
5.
(a.)
(b.)
Name the two openings of the stomach.
Which  one of the  digestive fluids  is mainly  concerned in the digestion of (I.)
bread, (II.) beef, (III.) butter?
6.
(a.)
(b.)
Why is bathing physiologically necessary ?
Explain fully the special injury to the young resulting from the use of tobacco in
any form.
History op Rome.
1.
(a.)
(b.)
When were the kings expelled from Rome?    State how long the kingdom lasted.
What attempts were made to restore kingly power.
2.
(a.)
(b.)
For what purposes were .ZEdiles and Tribunes appointed ?
What was the object of the Licinian Rogations ?
3.
(a.)
(b.)
What were cause and result of the Pyrrhic war 1
Give brief account of the last campaign of Hannibal in Italy.
4.
(a.)
(b.)
Who formed the Second Triumvirate ?
What caused its dissolution ?
5.
(a.)
(6.)
Give a brief account of the reign of Augustus.
What great changes did Constantine introduce ?
6.
(a.)
(b.)
For what was the reign of Julian famous 1
What war did Severus carry on ?
7.
Write notes on :—
(a.) Nero.                                        (b.)  Coriolanus.
(c.)  Gracchi.                                  (ri.) Cato.
(e.) Brutus.
Grecian History.
1
(a.)
(b.)
What was the aim of the Spartan system of training youth ?
Give brief account of Aristomenes.
2
(a.)
(6.)
Who was Solon ?    What did he accomplish ?
Contrast the power of Sparta and Athens at the time of Pericles.
3
(a.)
(6.)
Describe the battle of Marathon.
Who fought the battle of Thermopylae ?    When ?
4
Give account of the Invasion of Xerxes.
5
(a.)
(b.)
How did Pericles gain popularity ?
Who was his chief rival ?
6
(a.)
(6.)
What States were rivals in the Peloponnesian wars ?
What was the final result of these wars ?
7
(a.)
(b.)
Give an account of the conquests of Alexander the Great.
What was the Achaean League ? 57 Vict. Public Schools Report. 711
General History.
1. Who were the following, and for what famous :—
Charlemagne, Galileo,
William Tell, Garibaldi,
The Janissaries ?
2. What contributed to the supremacy of the Phoenicians ?
3. Give an account of the spread of Mohammedanism.
4. Give an account of the rise, progress, and fall of the Venetian Empire.
5. Describe the part taken by Spain and Portugal in the discovery of America.
6. Give account of the History of Egypt during this Century.
7. What objects were gained by the following ?    Give notes on each.
(a.) Diet of Worms,
(6.) Hanseatic League,
(c.) Confederation of the Rhine.
8. Who were the contending parties—what the cause and result of the following battles :
(a.) Actium,
(b.) Philippi,
(c.) Lepanto,
(d.) Borodino,
(e.) Plassy.
English  Literature.
1. (a.) What is the distinguishing feature of Anglo-Saxon literature?
(5.) Mention three important Anglo-Saxon works, and the subject of each.
2. (a.) Show how our literature is indebted to the Minstrel and the Monk.
(b.) What was the origin of the Drama ?
3. Trace the effects of the Translation of the Bible, and of Printing, on our literature.
4. Give  brief   account of the life, style,   and chief  works of Samuel   Johnson,   or of
Oliver Goldsmith.
5. (a.) Who wrote Hudibras and Pilgrim's Progress ?
(b.) What was the aim of the authors in producing these works ?
6. (a.) Which  do you consider the greatest  English  Poet  of Victoria's reign ?    Give
reasons for your answer.
(b.) Give a quotation from the writer selected.
7. Who wrote the following works ?    What is the subject of each 1
(a.) Novum Organum,
(b.) The Hind and the Panther,
(c.) Lay of the Last Minstrel,
(d.) Essay on Man,
(e.) David Copperfield. 712
Public Schools Report.                                         1893
Rhetoric.
1.
(a.) What are the advantages arising from a study of this subject ?
(b.) With what other subjects of study is it closely allied ?
2.
(a.) Name the emphatic places of the sentence.
(b.) How is especial distinction acquired by the object of a sentence?    Illustrate.
3.
(a.) Distinguish between a periodic and a loose sentence.
(b.)  Give an example of an ambiguous sentence, and show how it may be corrected.
4.
" Prose must be rhythmical, but it must not be metrical."    Explain.
5.
(a.) Show the importance of the study of synonyms.
(b.) What is  the difference  in  meaning  between fame and notoriety ; recollect and
remember ; character and reputation.
6.
Correct or justify the following :—
(a.)  Will you allow my first proposition to be true ?
(6.) Social reformers assert that   our   deficiencies   in   this   respect   are   being
gradually improved.
(c.)  Alarmed at the news, the boat was launched at once.
7.
(a.) What is a paragraph ?
(b.) Name its most important requisite.
Botany.
1.
(a.) Explain the structure of an individual cell.
(b.) Show how cells multiply.
2.
(a.) Name all points of difference between Exogens and Endogens.
(b.) Explain the structure of Exogenous and Endogenous stems.
3.
(a.) State the functions of leaves.
(b.) Name all the parts of a flower.
4.
(a.) Explain the structure of drupe, pome, legume, capsule, achene.
(b.) How are seeds distributed?
5.
(a.) What are the distinguishing marks of Cryptogams ?
(b.) What are Spores ?
6.
Name three flowers of early spring, and state to which order each belongs and its
peculiarities of structure.
Geology.
1.
(a.) Name the four great periods in  which the geological history of the earth  is
included.
(b.) How are the same series of rocks in different countries identified ?
2.
(a.) Explain the origin of gravel, sand, and mud.
(b.) Show how they become Sedimentary Rocks,
(c.) Name three processes by which Sedimentary Rocks are hardened.
3.
(a.) Describe two kinds of Organic Rocks.
(6.) What  is  the origin of the  following   rocks :—Brick-clay,   shale,   lava,  granite,
sandstone ?
4.
Explain fossil, terrace, aqueous vein, conglomerate, and glacier.
5,
(a.) Describe the coal measures of British Columbia with respect to distribution.
(b.) Name two kinds of coal, and distinguish between coal and charcoal.
6,
Mountain ranges are not as old as "the beginning of things."     Explain this statement. 57 Vict. Public Schools Report. 71.3
CnEMISTRY.
1. (a.) Distinguish between quantitative and qualitative analysis.
(b.) Distinguish between a chemical compound and a mechanical mixture.
2. (a.) Explain electrolysis, synthesis, isomorphism, allotropism.
(b.) Explain briefly atomicity—with examples.
3. (a.) Give two modes of procuring Hydrogen.
(b.) WThat are the distinguishing tests for this gas ?
4. Give tests to distinguish oxygen, nitrous oxide, nitrogen, chlorine, carbon monoxide.
5. (a.) What are the impurities usually found in spring water?    How do they arise ?
(b.) Distinguish between temporary and permanent hardness in water.
6. (a.) WThat is combustion ?
(b.) On what is luminosity dependent?
7. («.) Distinguish Iodine, Bromine, Chlorine, Fluorine.
(b.) Trace the connection between the chemical  activity and atomic weight of these
elements.
Astronomy.
1. (a.) Of what is the Solar System composed?
(b.) Name the exterior planets in order of their distance from the sun.
2. (a.) Give your reasons for believing that the earth rotates on its axis.
(b.) By what means has it been ascertained that the earth revolves round the sun in
about 365J days ?
3. (a.) How is the position of all celestial objects determined ?
(/>.)  Why is the Arctic Circle 43° from the Tropic of Cancer?
4. (a.) Describe and account for the phases of the moon.
(b.)  Define apogee and perigee ; aphelion and perihelion.
5. (a.) Draw a diagram of the constellation Ursa Major, and show how to locate Polaris.
(b.)  Name five other constellations.
6. Name some of the practical applications of the study of Astronomy.
Education.
1. (a.) What is Education? Instruction?
(6.)  Name three early stages of mental development.
2. (a.) Which is the most important subject on the list prescribed for common schools ?
(b.) For what different purposes in teaching is the Abacus used?
3. (a.) What subject should always be connected with History ?    Why ?
(b.) Is Arithmetic a science or an art ?    Why ?
4. (a.) For how long and for what can pupils be suspended?
(b.) During what portion of the day is  the  pupil  amenable to  the  teacher for his
conduct ?
5. (a.) Give time of commencement at close of each vacation granted by the Rules and
Regulations.
(b.) How is the average actual daily attendance found?
6. (a.)  How would you  deal  with   the   following   faults:—Untruthfulness,   Indolence,
Insolence ?
(b.) Write short notes on the following topics :—
Repeating of answer by Teacher, Telling not Teaching,
Rewards and Punishments, " Learn to do by doing." 714 Public Schools Report. 1893
Latin.
1. (a.) Give the dative case, singular and plural, of socer, judex, eques, alter, opus, arms,
res, idem.
(6.) Decline animal celere.
2. (a.) Write the third person plural of all the tenses, passive voice, of the indicative
mood of scribere.
(6.)  Give principal parts of posse, capere, fieri, docere, dicere.
3. (a.) Explain the construction of :—
Sole oriente, nox fugit.
Quis tibi hunc librum dat ?
(b.) Distinguish between vereor ne veniat and vereor ut vetiiat; natus and nactus;
mini put-as and nonne putas%
4. How is the tense of the verb in the subjunctive mood determined ?    Give short
sentences to illustrate your answer.
5. Translate—
(a.) The top of the mountain was held by Labienus.
(b.)  Let children be taught by their parents.
(c.)  The consul, having thus spoken, attacked the enemy's camp.
(d.) Divitiacus was very powerful at home and in the rest of Gaul.
(e.)  These apples are sweet; those are sour.
6. Translate   one   of  the   following   extracts,   and   parse   the   verbs   in   the   selection
translated :—
(«.) Helvetii, ea spe dejecti, navibus junctis ratibusque compluribus factis alii vadis
Rhodani, qua minima altitudo fluminis erat, nonnunquam interdiu, ssepius noctu, si perrumpere
possent,  conati,   operis munitione et militum concursu et telis repulsi, hoc conatu destiterunt.
(6.)       O Dea ! si prima repentens ab origine pergam,
Et vacet annales nostrorum audire laborum,
Ante diem clauso componet vesper Olympo.
Nos Troja autiqua, si vestras forte per aures
Trojse nomen iit, diversa per sequora vectos,
Forte sua Libycis tempestas appulit oris.
Sum pius .ZEneas, raptos qui ex hoste Penates
Classe veho mecum, fama super sethera notus.
(c.) Hie, seu Parthos Latio imminentes
Egerit justo domitos triumpho,
Sive subjectos Orientis orse
Seras et Indos,
Te minor latum regat sequus orbem,
Tu gravi curru quatias Olympum,
Tu parum castis inimica mittas
Fulmina lucis. 57 Vict. Public Schools Report. 715
French.
1. Name the accents used in French, giving their position and function.
2. (a.) How are the plurals of nouns formed ?    Give examples.
(b.) How are the plurals of compound nouns formed ?    Give examples.
3. (a.) Give the position of pronouns in the sentence.
(b.) Explain the use of mon, soi, y, cela, celle-la.
4. (a.) Give simple tenses, indicative mood, of recevoir and acheter.
(b.) How are adverbs formed ?    Give their position in the sentence, with examples.
5. Translate:—
(a.) Is your father quite well to-day ?
(b.) Why did he not answer your question ?
(c.) Light the fire and boil the cabbage.
(d.) Go away children, and come back to-morrow.
(e.) From Sunday, 30th April, to Saturday, 13th May.
6. Translate one of the following extracts :—
Je vecus ainsi tres-heureux, jusqu'a ce qu'un soir, lorsque je revenais de travailler, deux
hommes me jeterent par terre, puis m'ordonnerent de faire halte. lis appartenaient a la
presse. Je fus conduit devant le juge de paix, et comme je n'avais point d'etat, et que je ne
pouvais donner de details satisfaisants sur moi, on me laissa le choix d'aller a bord d'un
vaisseau cle guerre, ou de in'enrol er pour etre soldat. Je pris le dernier parti, et dans ce poste
honorable je fus aux batailles de Val et de Fontenoy, et je ne recus qu'une seule blessure, ici
dans la poitrine; mais le docteur de notre regiment m'eut bientot gueri.
Frederic- Auguste, electeur de Saxe, que ni l'eloquence et les negociations de l'abbe de
Polignac, ni les grandes qualities du Prince de Conti, son concurrent au trone, n'avaient pu
empecher d'etre elu depuis deux ans roi de Pologne, etait un prince moins connu encore par
sa force de corps incroyable, que par sa bravoure, et la galanterie de son esprit. Sa cour etait
la plus brillante de l'Europe apres celle de Louis XIV. Jamais prince ne fut plus genereux,
ne donna plus, n'accompagna ses dons de taut de grace. II avait achete la moitie des
suffrages de la noblesse polonaise, et force l'autre par l'approche d'une armee saxonne.
Parse all verbs in first half of the extract chosen. 716
Public Schools Report.
1893
APPENDIX F.
TEACHERS' EXAMINATION, JULY, 1893.
Spelling.    (For all Classes and Grades.)
Saturday, July 8th; 2:30 p. m. to 3:30 p. m.    Total marks, 100.
1. canvass (verb)
2. Scion
3. puisne
4. despair
5. lichens
6. liquefied
7. subtlety
8. phthisis
9. facetious
10. supersede
11. cedilla
12. silhouette
13. auxiliary
14. vacillate
15. vaccination
16. caricature
17. auspicious
18. cynical
19. harassed
20. sycophant
21. separation
22. obeisance
23. exhilarate
24. apocryphal
25. pusillanimous
26. affiliated
27. sobriquet
28. diaphanous
29. eucalyptus
30. prejudicial
31. chastisement
32. negotiate
33. peregrination
34. accommodate
35. crystalline
36. cenotaph
37. rescission
38. indictment
39. irrefragable
40. strait-jacket
41. hare-brained
42. incandescent
43. resuscitate
44. incompatibility
45. idiosyncrasy
46. psychology
47. miscellaneous
48. unparalleled
49. homogeneous
50. embarrassment
Writing.    (For all Classes and Grades.)
Thursday, July 6th; 1:30 p.m. lo 3:30 p.m.     Total marks, 100.
1. (a.)  What method would you adopt to make the subject of penmanship interesting?
(b.) Explain how you would endeavour to correct the fault of ivrong pen holding or
other improper position.
2. (a.) Describe the Arm-rest and the Hand-rest.
(b.) Define the finger, fore-arm and who'e-arm movements.
3. How do you account for the fact that so very few pupils on leaving school have required
what is called a business hand ?
4. (a.) Distinguish between a principle and an element,
(b.) Discuss the advantages of the practice of analysis.
5. (a.) Name the four stem-letters and the five letters that have upper looped stems.
(b.) Show the importance of devoting special attention to the formation of looped lines.
6. Analyze the following letters:—
(a.)  G, R, E.
(b.) I, y, w. 5 7 Vict.                                Public Schools Report*.                                          717
7.
(a.) What is the object of shading ?
(b.) Name the letters that are usually shaded in ordinary writing.
8.
Show accurately, by means of a scale of parallel lines,   the  comparative  lengths of the
following letters:—
r, u, I, s, f
9.
Write as a specimen of penmanship:—
Contemplate all this work of Time,
The Giant labouring in his youth;
Nor dream of human love and truth,
As dying Nature's earth and lime;
But trust that those we call the dead
Are breathers of an ampler day
For ever nobler ends.    They say,
The solid earth whereon we tread
In tracts of fluent heat began,
And grew to seeming—random forms,
The seeming prey of cyclic storms,
Till at the last arose the man.
Geography.    (For all Classes and Grades.)
Wednesday, July 5th; 1:30 p.m. to J^p.tn.     Total marks, 200.
1.
(a.) Give the diameter and circumference of the earth, and length of a degree of longi
tude at the Equator.
(b.) Describe the shortest route round the world, travelling east from Vancouver City.
2.
(a.) Give  reasons  for  variations   in  temperature  of  countries  situated  in  the  same
degree of latitude.
(b.) Describe in what manner the surface of the earth  is divided  for  convenience  of
measurement   and   calculation,   explaining and  defining the  terms  latitude,
meridian, orbit, zodiac, ecliptic.
3.
Name and describe the zones into which  the surface of the  earth  is  divided,  giving
diagram showing degrees of latitude which form their limits.
4.
(a.)  Name five; of the largest rivers in the world.
(6.)  Describe any one of them,   mentioning its  rise,  direction,   affluents,   water-sheds,
countries drained, and chief cities.
5. Name the islands and large countries which lie wholly or in part between the Equator
and the Tropic of Capricorn.
6. Draw a map of Canada, indicating mountain ranges, chief rivers, cities and railways.
7. Name the principal races of men, and state the grand division in which each is found
8. Locate the following :—
(a.) Georgetown, (<?.) Trebizond, (cj.) Valparaiso,
(b.) Lima, (/.) Adelaide, (/.) Bristol,
(c.)  Guadiana, (g.) Pribyloff, (k.) Kilimanjaro,
(d) Cariboo,     * (A.) Moosomin, (/.) Beyrout.
9. Give the boundaries, capitals, and chief rivers of two of the following :—
(a.) Russia, (b.) Ireland, (c.) Quebec, (d.) France.
10. Name the chief imports and exports of Canada, Great Britain, India, and France. 718 Public Schools Report. 1893
English History.    (For all Classes and Grades.)
Tuesday, July Jflh ; 9 a.m. lo 11:30 a.m.     Total marks, 200.
1. Describe the religion, customs, and social condition of the Britons at the time of Caesar's
first landing.
2. Give  some  account  of  Dunstan,  Archbishop of  Canterbury.    In whose reign did he
live ?    Give dates.
3. Give the names, descent, and dates of accession of the eight Plantagenets proper.
4. Sketch the life and reign of—
(a.) Edward IV. (b.) James II.
5. Write a short account of—
(«.) Monmouth's Conspiracy. (6.) Suppression of the Monasteries.
6. (a.) Sketch the course of Irish affairs during the last ten years.
(6.)  State the main arguments for and against Home Rule.
7. W^hat were the chief foreign events in the reign of—
(a.) Henry VI. (b.) George IV.
8. Give the dates and chief provisions of—
(a.) Prevention of Crimes Act. (c.)  Conventicle Act.
(b.)  Declaration of Breda. (d.) Statute of Provisors.
(e.) Statute of Mortmain.
9. Name, with dates, the chief battles of the Wars of the Roses.
10.  Give historic reference of—
(a.) Wycliffe, (/) Nimegueu,
(6.)  " Mrs. Morley," (g.) Pendragon,
(c.)  Frobisher, (h.) Zutphen,
(d.) Huguenots, (i.)  Fotheringay,
(e.) Jeffries, (j.) Benevolences.
Canadian History.    (For all Classes and Grades.)
Friday, July 7th ; 9 a. m. to 11 a. in.     Total marks, 200.
1. (a.) What is the origin of the word Canada?
(b.) Give an account of the principal Indian tribes of the country at the time of its
first settlement by the whites.
2. (a.) Describe the capture of Quebec in 1759.
(6.) State the other occasions on which this ancient city was attacked.
3. (a.) About the middle of the eighteenth century, what  were the  respective  claims  of
England and France as to territory in North America ?
(b.) Locate Fort Du Quesne, and give an account of the first attack made on it by the
British.
4. Give a short account of the following :—
(a.) DeMont, (c.) Sir William Phipps,
(b.) The Feudal System in Canada, (d.) Papineau,
(e.) Sir John A. Macdonald.
5. Give the names of the Governors-General of Canada from the days of  Lord  Elgin to
the present time. 57 Vict. Public Schools Report. 719
6. (a.) Give dates and causes of the-Red River Rebellions.
(b.) Who were the chief leaders of these rebellions ?
7. Give a short description of events associated with the following :—
(a.) Louisburgh, (b.) Chrysler's Farm, (c.) Batoche.
8. (a.) Where was the place of meeting of the first Parliament of Upper Canada ?
(b.) Wxhere and why was the seat of Government moved?
9. What causes led to Confederation ?
10.  Explain the following terms :—
(a.) Governor in Council, (c.)  Privy Council,
(b.) Elector, (d.) Disallowance.
English Grammar.    (For all Classes and Grades.)
Tuesday, July fth ; 1:30 p.m. to 4 p.m.     Total marks, 200.
1. " There are three ways of indicating difference of gender in Nouns."    Name them and
give two examples of each.
2. (a ) Give at least six examples of words having the same form in the Singular as in the
Plural.
(b.) Give plurals of phenomenon, genus, analysis, seraph, beau, focus, genius, animal-
culum.
3. (a.)  Define case, giving your reasons for believing that there are more than three cases.
(b.) In what respects is the adjective similar to the adverb?
4. (a.) What are reflexive and relative pronouns ?
(&.) Give a sentence in which the relative what is  equivalent to a nominative and an
objective.
5. (a.) Define transitive, voice, mood, tense, pjarticiple, gerund,
(b.) Name five defective verbs.    Conjugate three of them.
6. (a.) Give the rules for the government of each of the cases.
(&.)  Parse, "Such as I have, give I unto thee."
7. (a.) Distinguish between the use of shall and will, and may and can, giving examples.
(b.) Parse fully "God save the Queen."
8. Correct or justify the following sentences :—
(a.) Whom do you think I am?
(b.) The children's supper is ready.
(c.) None of them are right.
(d.) There was a sentry on either side of the gateway.
9. Name the language  from  which the  following words are derived, good, longitude, sir
physic, jubilee, opera, armada, yacht.
10. Analyze the following and parse words in italics :—
(a.) How oft the sight of means to do ill deeds makes ill deeds done,
(b.) To prayer, repentance, and obedience due,
Though but endeavoured with sincere intent,
Mine ear shall not be slow, mine eye not shut;
And / will place within them as a guide
My umpire conscience, whom if they will hear,
Light after light, well used, they shall attain
And to the end persisting, safe arrive. Composition.    (For all Classes and Grades.)
Saturday, July Sth ; 9 a. m. to 11 a. m.     Total marks, 200.
Write an essay on only one of the following subjects :—
1. Avarice.
2. Presence of Mind.
3. Home Rule in Ireland.
4. The Advantages of Physical Training.
5. A Lacrosse Match.
6. The Wild Flowers of British Columbia.
7. Patriotism.
8. The Imperial Institute.
9. Punctuality.
10. The World's Fair of 1893.
Arithmetic.    (For all Classes and Grades.)
Wednesday, July 5th ; 9 a.m. to 11:30 a.m.     Total marks, 200.
1.  Define fraction, aliquot part, discount, exchange, Rule of Three.
9
the length of another beam of the same material whose breadth is 3^ feet, thick-
(a.)  In what cases can an ordinary fraction be expressed by a finite decimal?
(b.) Show that the number of decimal places in such cases may  be  inferred   from the
factors of the denominator.
( c.)  What kind of a decimal will ^ produce ?
3. A beam 16 feet long, 2| feet broad, and 8 inches thick weighs 1,280 lbs.; what must be
the length of another beam of the san
ness 1\ inches, and weight 2,028 lbs.
4. A and B can do a piece of work in 18 days; A can do i as much as B,    In how many
days can each do it alone ?
5. Sound travels at the rate of 1,142 feet a second.    If a gun be discharged at a distance
of 4| miles, how much time   will  elapse, after seeing the flash, before the report
is heard ?
6. (a.) Find the cube root of 282429.536481.
(b.) Find the Fourth Root of 1575.2961.
7. Henry  Swift  has $6,000 worth of  5 % stock ; but not being satisfied with his income
he  sells  at  96 and  invests  in  stock paying  4| %, which gives him an income
greater by $45.60.    At what price did he purchase the latter stock?
8. Samuel Wells paid 3|- times as  much for a house as for a barn, had the barn cost him
6 % more, and the house  8  %  more, the  whole  cost would  have been  $7,260.
What was the actual cost 1
9. A gentleman held a note for $1,643.20, payable in 8  months  without interest.    He
discounted the note at 8 % for ready cash, and invested the proceeds in stock at
$104 per share.    How many shares did he purchase?
10. A Montreal Merchant bought 800 barrels of flour at $7.00 per barrel, and sent it to
Halifax, paying 9 % of the cost for freight and other charges ; his agent sold it
at an advance of 25 % on the original cost and charged 3 % commission. What
was the net gain 1 57 Vict. Public Schools Report. 721
Mental Arithmetic.    (For all Classes and Grades.)
Saturday July Sth ; 1:30 p. m. lo 2:15 p. m.     Total marks, 100.
1. Divide 15 by .16|. Arts	
2. 12s. 6d. is what part of a sovereign ? Ans	
3. What is the cost, @ .06^ per 11)., of a bbl.  of  sugar  whose gross
weight is 150 lbs , tare 30 lbs. ? Ans. $	
4   A house valued at $4,000 is insured for -| of its value, @ 1J % :
what was the premium ? Ans. $	
5. By selling tea at $.65 per lb. 30 % is gained ;  what selling price
would gain 60 % ? Ans. $	
6. What will it cost to cover the floor of a room 40 ft. by 27 ft. with
carpeting worth $. 90 per yard, and 1 \ yds. wide ? Ans. $	
7   Stock bought @ 40 % discount yields an annual dividend of 5 % :
what is the rate ? Ans	
8. The difference between the  simple  and  compound  interest of  a
certain sum of money for 2 years @ 8 % is $3.20: find the
principal. Ans. $	
9. From the cube of 1.2 take the cube root of 1.331. Ans	
10. The difference between the simple interest and true discount on a
sum of money for 2| years @ 6 % is $18 : find the sum of
money. Ans. $. .	
Anatomy, Physiology, and Hygiene.    (For all Classes and Grades.)
Friday, July 7th ; 1:30 p.m. to 3:30 p.m.    Total marks, 200.
1. (a.) Name the principal elements of which the human body is composed.
(b.) Define the following terms :—tissue, organ, function, cells.
2. (a.) Explain in detail the structure and properties of the muscles.
(b.) Name at least three diseases connected with the muscular system, clearly defining
each.
3. (a.) Describe the action of saliva, gastric juice, bile, and state where they are  respec
tively secreted.
(b.) State the causes that prevent food from either entering the nose at the back of the
mouth or descending into the wind-pipe.
4. Draw a longitudinal and a transverse section of one of the  long bones, and name the
different parts shewn in these diagrams.
5. (a.) Describe briefly the vocal organs.
(6.) State what regulates the compass and quality of the voice.
(c ) Account for the change that usually takes place in the voice of a boy when about
14 years of age.
6. (a.) Distinguish between spinal and sympathetic nerves.
(b.) What is necessary that the nervous system be kept in good order?
(c.) Briefly stat,e the evil effects of stimid,qnt:$ and narcotics on the nervous system, 722
Public Schools Report.
1893
7. Locate and define each of the following:—
(a.) Papilla?, (c.)  Uvula,
(b.) Villi, (d.) Canaliculi,
(e.) Schneiderian membrane.
8. (a.) Describe the mechanical movements of breathing.
(6.)  What proportion does  the quantity  of air  inhaled at  each breath  bear  to the
capacity of the lungs ?
9. Name the organs affected by the following diseases :—Myopia, mumps, erysipelas, con
sumption, cataract.
10.  Describe briefly what treatment is to be adopted in the case of a foreign body entering
the ear, the eye, and the nose.
3.
4.
o.
7.
9.
10.
Education.    (For all Classes and Grades.)
Thursday, July 6th ; 9 a.m. to 11 a.m.     Total marks, 200.
a.) Which of the functions of the Intellect is the most completely identified with the
educative process ?
6.) Show that education is not generically distinct from instruction.
«.) Distinguish between apperception and retention.
6.) What are the fundamental characteristics of intellect, and how is cognition to be
distinguished from emotion and volition ?
a.) Can good order be maintained in a school which lacks proper discipline ?    Give
reasons for answer.
b.) How does want of forethought in giving a command affect discipline