BC Historical Newspapers

BC Historical Newspapers Logo

BC Historical Newspapers

The Western Call May 8, 1914

Item Metadata

Download

Media
xwestcall-1.0188397.pdf
Metadata
JSON: xwestcall-1.0188397.json
JSON-LD: xwestcall-1.0188397-ld.json
RDF/XML (Pretty): xwestcall-1.0188397-rdf.xml
RDF/JSON: xwestcall-1.0188397-rdf.json
Turtle: xwestcall-1.0188397-turtle.txt
N-Triples: xwestcall-1.0188397-rdf-ntriples.txt
Original Record: xwestcall-1.0188397-source.json
Full Text
xwestcall-1.0188397-fulltext.txt
Citation
xwestcall-1.0188397.ris

Full Text

 V'  <      Read Dr.  j-"' McKim's  Address  4yy^,%    ": ' ���������-���������'  # v  ���������***.  - ..--^v  ^^'"fiiAftfiiS lor  fTie Western Call  Today  Published in the Interests of Greater Vancouver and the Western People  VOLUF^ V.  VANCOUVER, British Columbia, MAY 8, 1914  5 Cents Per Copy  No. 52  &������  The^ight for the Reeveship of South Vancouver  ,__i_H^_^B_MasaBBBBjWSBBf>B������lBBBBlBBBBB_flSSlSBBBBBB*SlB*BBB������WB_i4SBBB*B__  Professor Swanson of Toronto Gives Splendid Advice Which South Vancouver Voters Should Heed  Prince Alexander of Teck to be Canada's Next flovernor-Qeneral  a-  R  KERR OR GOLD?  Within the next few days South Vancouver  will terminate for good and all Mr. Edward  Gold's political life. During the four months  that are; passed since Mr. Gold came into the  limelight we have not heard one single voice  raised to defend his notorious reputation as a  private individual. Men have excused him by  saying that "He is no worse than so and so, and  he will at least give us a good business administration." To have a man of such: indefensible  private reputation as a councillor is bad, to elect  ft   him as foremost gentleman of the municipality  ������'  would be a crime.  Every old-timer knew Eddie Gold's reputation. South Vancouver voters were to be excused  because most of them are new comers. Today  they are left without excuse as to knowledge of  the reputed escapades of Eddie. But we were  all deluded as to his business capacity. Here he  has proved a double failure. Elected by a sweeping majority and with a united council at his  hack, "The man with the two-edged sword" has  in three short months driven the council into revolt, and the Reeve, elected by his campaign, into  retirement, and plunged the municipality into  the excitment and unnecessary expense of an  election for Reeve at a time when every effort  should be made to further the year's work.  Mr. Gold's business ability has consisted in'  cruelly and needlessly insulting   an ^ unusually  capable municipal staff���������discharging them and  replacing them by untried men, most of them  friends or relatives of the incoming administration-   -Also in spending most of the money air ,  lotted to hini as councillor forWard 5 on: the aP- >  proaches to his own " Gold "property.  At first' 'the other councillors believed the  charges made by Messrs. Thomas and Gold against  the old administration; but when���������finally driven  to it���������Gold produced the alleged confession of  ex-Alderman Third, the reception that treacherous  document had, at the hands of public press, produced an uneasy feeling in the minds of some of  the council, and the truth of Gold's other accusations being canvassed, it was found that not one  single vestige of proof was available for any one  of the charges and inunendoes laid to the door of  ex-Reeve Kerr.  On the other hand, whatever business has been  done, whatever work has been given out has been  along the line of work planned and provided for  by ex-Reeve Kerr. And this has been due to the  formation of a coalition against Gold in the council. When it became evident that no business  could be done along the lines of the Gold policy,  ^Councillors :Rutledge,VWanram, Stevens and Row- -  lings lined up together against him, and started  the work for the year. At every opportunity  Gold has determinedly opposed real business. He  has involved the municipality in useless legal and  election expenses^and if elected he declares: "If  I get a chance to sit in that chair (the Reeve's)  you will find that I am no jelly fish. I will hold  the reins tightly, and will not resign either."  The Western Call has consistently and persistently advocated the fair treatment of ex-  Reeve Kerr. .. That his administration was not  without faults is merely saying that he, like the  rest of us, is human. But as compared with the  turmoil and cruelty of the Gold regime, it was a  veritable millenium. What South Vancouver  needs most of all is a steady, honest, quiet administration, and we believe that under James A.  Kerr's guidance this can be effected. We, therefore, advocate the election of ex-Reeve Kerr as  being to the best interests of South Vancouver.     '  )  JOSEPH BOWMAN���������ARCHITECT  South Vancouver, much maligned, is not with-  [ out some talent.   Amongst those whose reputation was_jshaken by the Gold upheaval was our  friend Joseph Bowman,, architect, whose skill has  given us as fine a class of school buildings in  South Vancouver as can be found anywhere.  Well���������Burnaby trustees had a school to build,  and the influence of the Gold campaign led them  ! to pass up poor old Joe, as a non-competent. And  so to get rid of him they called for sealed tenders. The plans were to be in separate covers,  ^numbered, but not signed, and the tenders were  to be sealed with corresponding number and  signed. Plans were to be opened first, and selection made so as to ensure an unbiased judg-  P-ment.  U This was done, and after much deliberation a  |_ certain set of plans by unknown architect voted  as the most acceptable. Then were likewise the  tenders opened, and Joseph came into his own.  The plans accepted were those furnished by our  own Joseph Bowman- A man, by the way, whose  reputation in a long business career in our midst,  is untarnished, and whose family life is an object  lesson to us all. And, mind you, as Harry Lauder  would say, these things are not to be despised.  . "��������� ���������.*���������  JAMES A. KERR  Good Advice for South Vancouver  James A- Kerr, twice Reeve of South Vancouver, and by all odds the most efficient  Reeve South Vancouver has ever had, a man of sterling honesty and unblemished reputation,  has intimated that be will accede to the request of his many friends, new and old, and allow his  name to be put in nomination for Reeve at the coming election on May 16.  Mr. South Vancouver voter don't he carried away by the turgid eloquence of Eddie Gold,  or by the seductive figures of expenses he has saved the municipality hy bis policy.. Any man  can save money by discharging all his help and stopping all bis work, and if tbat reactionary  policy is what South Vancouver wants, then votefor Gold.. But first read the following good ad-���������  viee^ven by.Prof. Sw.^^ UnivewityT Toronto:  "Provincial and federal governments should  -.'...!��������� seize the occasion to   erect   permanent   public -  works. It is a totally erroneous idea that induces a policy of parsimony during a period of  industrial declension. Great public works should  be pushed forward so that labor may find employment, the market be steadied and credit sustained-  Retrenchment merely accelerates the difficulties  of the situation."  Remember, also, Eddie Gold, if elected, will be your representative socially as well as  publicly���������that your vote places a man of bis reputation as head of tbe municipal family. Remember, also, the record of the past three months of cruelty and insult to those who had faithfully  served the municipality.  South Vancouver, May 5.���������Ward V ratepayers met this evening to select candidates for the  seat made vacant by Mr. Gold's resignation.  Fred Way and ex-Councillor Miller will in all  probability stand for nomination.  HUNT CLUB MEET  South Vancouver, May 5.���������The Finance Committee decided this afternoon to approach the  Canadian Bank of Commerce for a loan to be  applied on sewerage on third ^section of Main  street from Bodwell street south. The committee  is also to request the B. C. E. R. R. to lay a permanent track on Main street.  TENDERS .ASKED FOR PITT RIVER BRIDGE  The Provincial Government, through the Provincial Gazette,. has called for tenders for the  proposed new $700,000 steel and concrete bridge  across the Pitt River on the De'wdney trunk road.  Tenders are to be in the hands of: the Minister of  Public Works, Hon. Thomas Taylor, by noon on  May 26.  BRITISH ORGANIST AT EXPOSITION  San Francisco, May 5.���������Mr. Edwin H. Le-  mare, the distinguished British organist and musical composer, will be the organist for the mammoth organ in the festival hall at the Panama Pacific exposition.  \������  Officials of the Vancouver Hunt Club,have  announced the following programme for the fifth  annual meeting which will be held at H. Randall  May's farm on Lulu Island on May 25:  Foxcatchers' Handicap Steeplechase���������Cup to  winner, trophy to second. For 4-year-olds and  up( thoroughbreds barred); owned by members  of any hunt or the Vancouver Riding Club; to be  ridden by gentlemen riders.   Distance, two miles.  The Novices' Open Steeplechase���������Cup to winner, trophy to second. For 4-year-olds and up  that have never started in a steeplechase; ten  pounds below the scale. Distance, two and a half  miles. .        *      .       ���������  Hunters' Flat Race���������Cup to.winner, trophy  to second. For 3-year-olds and up; owned by  members of any hunt not less than thirty days  prior to May 25, 1914; to be ridden by gentlemen  riders; twenty-eight pounds above scale. Distance, one and a half miles.  United Hunts Cup Steeplechase���������Cup to winner, trophy to second. For 4-year-olds and up  that have been hunted not less than six times with  the Ladner Drag Hunt or Vancouver Hunt Club  in 1913-1914, and to be owned and ridden by  members of said clubs; five pounds below the  scale.   Distance, three miles.  Farmers' Open Handicap Flat Race���������Cup to  winner, trophy to second. For 3-year-olds and  up.   Distance, one mile.   Post entries.  PEACE EM?  MEDIATION CONFERENCE  MEETS IN CANADA  Washington, May 5.���������The A. B. C. envoys who  have undertaken to settle the Mexican troubles  by diplomacy announced tonight that the first  formal conference with representatives ' * of the  different parties interested would be held at Niagara Falls, Ontario, Canada, on May 18."  REDISTRIBUTION  Ottawa, May 5V-The Redistribution Bill  committe has practically completed its labors,  and it is said their will be no minority report.  This will greatly facilitate parliamentary work,  as a lengthened discussion on this bill was feared.  GREAT PULP TRUST FORMING IN B 0.  Fleishacker Bros. & Johnson, of San Fran-  cisco, have now obtained control of the Ocean  Falls Company. They control also Quatsino and  Howe Sound interests, thus forming a great  merger, with their pulp mills on Puget sound.  ULSTER SYMPATHISERS  A sum pf $86 was raised Tuesday evening at a  largely attended meeting of the members and  friends of the Unionist Clubs of Ireland, held in  the Old Country Tea Rooms, inorder to show  practical sympathy with the Ulster Volunteers.  A committee was appointed to put the club on a  permanent .basis.,  Mr. Lambert Bond, the president, waft in^he"chair~ aiid: speeches were- delivered by the president and Messrs. Birmingham,  W. A. Ellis, W. Gordon, R. Ash and E. Hewitt.  The following contributed   to   tbe social programme which followed:    Mr. W. McClelland  Moore, Mr. R. Bradley, Mrs. Bradley, Mr. W. A.  Ellis, Mr. C. E. Price, Mrs. Mclllwaine and Miss  Poppy Mclllwaine, Mr. P. Fletcher accompanying.   Enthusiastic cheers were given for the King  and Sir Edward Carson.   The members will attend church parade at the Kitsilano Congregational church on Sunday next at 31 a. m., the  Rev. A. E. Cooke being the preacher.  MUNICIPAL INSPECTOR  Victoria, May 5.���������Mr. Robert Baird, formerly  of Zelandia, Sask., has been appointed Inspector  of Municipalities.  Next Governor-General  London. May 7���������It la officially announced to-day  that Prince Alexander of Took, third son of tho  1st* Onto ef Toole, ia to aueeeed tho Puke ef  Conneught aa Governor-General of Canada.  .LATEST NEWS  South Vancouver, May 6.���������Ex-Reeve Kerr  held the first meeting of his campaign for the  Reeveship in Carleton hall, Ward I. The hall was  packed with voters and the ex-Reeve's speech  was received with very evident satisfaction.  The destructive policy of Mr. Gold was severely criticised; also his utter failure to make  good the false charges under which the late campaign was won-  During the meeting it was shown by one of the  voters present that there was owing in back taxes  for years 1911-1912 and 1913, nearly $7,000 on the  Gold properties. It is understood that some of  the o^her large vacant property owners that are  supporting Gold are in the same position, and this  is said to be the sole reason for last year's campaign against Reeve Kerr. Mr. Kerr, if elected,  has no intention of forcing the tax issue, but it  is well to know the real reason for opposition to  his election.  South Vancouver, May 7.���������Thiel's Detective  Agency this morning submitted an account for  $59.20 to the municipality of South Vancouver  for installing a Detectaphone and for the services  of two stenographers in recording the alleged  confession of ex-Councillor John Third.  The Finance Committee laid it over. Councillor Thomas suggested it be sent to ex-Councillors Gold and Third, as the employment of the  agency was not authorized.  South Vancouver, May 7.���������Mr. Gold opened  his campaign last night at Kalenburg hall. From  the complexion of this meeting in his own ward  a very startling change of sentiment is evident.  "We want no jelly fish in the Reeve's chair,"  shouted Mr. Gold. "Nor Gold fish, either/'  shouted back a voter.  London, May 7.���������Mr. George Kidd was today  elected general manager of B. C. E. R. R., and  Mr. R. H��������� Sperling, resigned, was appointed to  the position of assistant to the chairman of the  board with a seat as director. THE WESTERN CALL.  Friday May 8, 1914  a>  Address by Dr. McKim  Rector of Protestant Episcopal Church, Washington, D. C.  Wants to See You  Some of Our Prices  $1.00  Hood's  Sarsaparilla ..........1.75c  $1.00 Ayer's Sarsaparilla  ...75c  25c Carter's Liver Pills 15c  50c Pink Pills ./. 35c  50c Dodd's  Pills  -. 35c  50c  Gin  Pills 35c  50c and $1.00 Herpicide ....40 and 75c  50c  Hind's  Cream   40c  25c L. B. Q ; 15c  $1.00 Eno's Fruit Salt  65c  50c Zam Buk  35c  35c Cuticurra Soap 25c  75c Cuticurra Ointment  50c  40c Baby's Own Soap Box 25c  15c  Pears'  Soap ...:..10c  50c Nestles' Food  :..40c  35c  Castoria ...: 25c  $1.00 and $2.00 Oriental Cream....   ....$1.75 and 75c  50c and $1.00 Scott's Emulsion ....   40 and 75c  Pinaud's Cosmetic (tube or stick)   15c  50c Hazeline Snow  35c  $1.00 B. B. B :... 75c  25c ��������� Calvert's    Tooth    Powder  (small)    15c  50c     Calvert's     Tooth     Powder  medium) 30c  75c     Calvert's     Tooth     Powder  (large) ..}...;:.:...... 50c  Calvert's    Tooth    Powder    (ex.  large) 1... $2.00  10, 25 and 50c Cascarets 10, 20, 40c  60c Chases' Ointment 50c  Chases' Syrup  25 and 50c  25 and 50c Painkiller .20 and 40c  25c Electric Oil 20c  10, 25, 50c and $1.00 Bromo Seltzer  10, 20, 40, 85c  $1.00   Ferrol    ......;..:: .....75c  35c Allan's Foot Ease ............25c  25 and 50c Frutatives ...:20:and 40c  35c Lyon's Tooth Powder 25c  25c Minard's Liniment ......................20c  50c Neaves' Food ....���������..........40c  Pinkham's   Compound .......75c  A. and H. Food, No. 1 and 2 L....80c  A. and H. Food, No. 3 ........25 arid 50c  Java  Rice Powder ......'...... 40c  Ferroll  .......:.'...............,...75c  ������  Why We Are Protestants"  Law the  Leo Building,        Broadway and Main  Pbone Farimont 790  PHONE FAIRMONT 1852  (A Trust Company)  Is assured to parties depositing  funds with us. PROFIT because we  pay pay 4% Interest on Deposits���������  which are always subject to cheque  ���������and credit the Interest  12 Times a Year  and SAFETY inasmuch as we maintain a spot cash reserve as against  deposits, proportionately similar to  the great banking institutions. Why  not begin today?  A Modest $1.00 Will Start an Account  AGREEMENTS  *  BOUGHT aw  COLLECTED  SKort  Lo2-r\s_  Mt-d<  Djgposm  CHEOVE  %  CHftOVE  Dow Fr&ser'j^Cd. I���������  317-321 CMnbie Slrztl  DEPOSIT  Closed at 1:00 O'clock on Saturdays  Specially insured against burglary  and hold-ups.  NOTARY PUBLIC  flow, Fraser & Co.  LIMITED  317-321 Cambie Street  2313 Main Street  Between 7th and 8th Aves.  McKay Station, Burnaby  Mr. Chairman, Brethren, and Fellow Citizens:  I hail the presence of so many ministers of dif f er-  ent Protestant churches and so many leading  members of different Protestant churches in this  vast audience as an evidence that the pressure  of the conflict with Rome is drawing us closer together (Applause.) We are finding out, I venture to say, that the things in which we agree are  more important by far than the things in which  we differ.    (Applause.)  A Word of Explanation  Now, sir, no apology is necessary at any time  for setting forth the reasons why,we occupy the  position we do; but, as you have already intimak  ed, Mr. Chairman, the time is opportune for this  exposition of the Protestant faith, because of the  Mission to "non-Catholics," as they offensively  call us, recently held in St. Patrick's church, for  the express purpose of proselyting our Protestant people. Why, my friends and brethren, so  eager were the Paulist Fathers to let us know  all about it that some of them, or one of them, or  some representative of theirs, came into the; vestibule of my church and tacked the notice of the  lectures on my bulletin! Well, I took notice!;  (Applause.)  In the Mission, the doctrines of Protestantism  have been assailed, as usual, and every argument;  known to those skillful controversialists has been  employed to seduce Protestants from their allegiance. In these notices and in the public presSi  Protestants have, as I have said, been dominated  "non-Catholics." Now we resent that nomenclature. We Protestants are "catholics'? in the  true sense of the word. In our creed we say, "I  believe in the Holy Catholic church," and we doV  On the other hand, we refuse to yield to'the'  church of Rome the name "Catholic." It is the  greatest arrogance for that church to appropriate  that great and venerable term. I know of no  church upon earth that has so little claim to be,  called Catholic as the church of Rome.  Under the circumstances now described, it has  been felt by the ministers at whose invitation I  am here, that the, time is opportune for a definir  tion and a defense of the Protestant faith.  Now, I am not here to attack thie Roman  church, but to defend Protestantism from the at-'  tacks which have been leveled against it.vBut> in  repelling these attacks, it will become necessary;  to expose some of the contradictions and absurdities and inconsistencies that are involved in the  doctrines of that church.   ij'hbweverjVatu^npt-Tfi-''-"  sponsible for that; but those who by assailing  our faith, and doing everything in their power to  draw our people from their allegiance, haye made  it necessary for us to expose what we believe to be  thfj unreasonableness of the faith of the Jtoman  church. v    ;  .Protestantism Not a Series of Negations.  Now, first of all, and before entering particularly upon exhibition of the grounds upon which  we protest against the doctrine and practice of  the Church of Rome, I desire to make two brief  preliminary remarks. The first is that Protest-  ism is not, as commonly represented, a mere series  of negations,���������-denying error rather than affirming truth; repudiating false doctrine rather than  proclaiming the true. No; we write the word Protestant on our escutcheon in its fiill etymological  significance. A Protestant is one that bears witness for any person or thing; and a Protestant  church is one that bears witness for Christ and  his gospel in the world. It is a name not to be  ashamed of, in either its origin or its history.  -When 6ur-Lord Jesus-Christ stoodfjbefore Pilate, -  he said to himself, "To this end was I born, and  for this cause came I into the world, that I should  bear witness unto, the truth." Humbly treading  in the footsteps of her divine Lord, the Protestant church goes forth into the world having this  as her aim, that she may^" bear witness unto the  truth."  Lot was a Protestant when he stood alone for  God in the midst of wicked Sodom. The Jewish  nation was Protestant, standing among the nations of the earth, a witness for the unity of God,  the supremacy of conscience, and the sancity of  the moral law. And, supreme instance! let it  never be forgotten that Christ and his apostles  were Protestants in 'their day. They were  Protestants for the truth of God, against  the traditions and corruptions of the  Jewish hierarchy, the established church  of that day. And they not only bore witness fo^ the revelation made in the incarnation  of the Son of God, but they bore witness against  the false doctrines of the scribes and Pharisees,  the chief priests and elders of the church. In  like manner and in fulfillment of the injunction  of the great Head of the church, our Protestant  churches bear witness among men today, not only  positively, for "the faith which was once delivered unto the saints," but negatively, against  the manifold corruptions of that faith for which  the Church of Rome is responsible. And, therefore, they bear on their escutcheon the glorious  word Protestant,���������the witness bearers.  Protestants Are Not Heretics Nor Separatists  The other introductory remark I have to make  is that though we are Protestants, we are not  heretics nor separatists.    (Applause.)  In 1868 the late Pope Pius IX. addressed letters  "to Protestants and other non-Catholics," inviting  them to return to the bosom of the Holy Mother  Church, as the only means of insuring their salvation.  Now, we deny that we have ever separated  from the Catholic Church. One of the articles of  our faith is, "I believe in the Holy Catholic  Church," and in this we claim and enjoy full  membership, by the. same Spirit which joins in one  communion and fellowship "the blessed company  of all faithful people." In fact, the Pope and his  adherents are the innovators and heretics who  have departed from "the faith once delivered,"  who have corrupted the Christian1creed; and not  the Protestants, who have rejected Rome's novelties and returned to the creed and the practice of  the primitive ages of Christianity. Yes,-it is the  Church of Rome, and not: the Protestant churches,  which, by her errors and usurpations has separated herself from the Catholic Church of Christ.  When she departed from the primitive faith, she  became heretical"; and when she made the acl  knowledgment of her erroneous and strange doctrines a condition of membership within her communion, she then forced upon men the alternative  of separating from her or of abandoning the  faith which they were bound to "contend for."  Luther and Melanchthon, Calvin and Beza, Cran-  mer and Ridley and Latimer,���������all that noble  band of reformers in the sixteenth century, chose  the former alternative. They decided to obey God  rather than men. Were they therefore heretics T  Was it heresy to obey Christ and Christ's unchangeable truth rather than abandon these for  the sake of union with a Church which had apostatized from the faith and required all her members to acquiesce in her apostasy ?���������-Nay, was  not she the heretic who* abandoning the Holy  Scriptures as her guide,; taught for doctrines the  commandments of menf "iLet it be remembered,  also, t^t as far as the Church; of England was  concerned, the reformation i- was a rebellion  against a foreign yoke, ��������� and the restoration of the  original ecclesiastical -authority. The British  church had existed for centuries in entire independence of Rome. Itr hM produced martyrs to  the faith in the reign of Diocletian. Jt had sent  bishops to the Councils of Aries (A.D. 314), Sar-  diea (A.I>. 347), and 'Ariminum (AD.; 359).,.- It  had held numerous i^ypods Vof its own. As to its  orthodoxy, StV JerpmeVand St. Chrysbstom had  both borne testimohyvto/it. But it was not until  the seventh century that the Church of. Rome  gamed a footing on the island. Her pretensions  to exercise authority over the British church were  resisted. V; The bishops of the native church refused, to yield their customs or to receive Augustine as their archbishop. They resisted for more  than a century the attempt Vof ��������� Roiriev to bring  them into subjection. In short, the Church of  England of that day became Romanised only  after an ineffectual protest: and a prolonged resistance ^      part of the native episcopate;  ������������������ ��������� v: Scripture Versus Trtwiition  , Now; my friends, I come to the substantive  part:of my address this afternoon: Why are we  Protestantsf: I reply* First: ofall, we are(Protestants^ because we build -our faith and hope on the  im^reghabletri>ck of.^^ Hbly'Scripturer andnot on  the shifting sands ofvefcclesiastical tradition. The  Bible, and the Bible alone, is the basis of the religion of Protestants; but tradition, interpreting  the Bible, and often superseding it and contradicting it, is the basis of the,.religion ofVRoraanists.  (Now when' I use the termVRomanist; I beg you  to observe that I am using a term which has for  authority no less a person than John H. Newman himself, for he published a book called "Lectures on Romanism and Popular Protestantism."  therefore, if instead of calling that church the  Catholic church, I speak of it as Romanism, I am  simply adopting the language of John H. Newman.) We follow the teachings of Jesus Christ  and his apostles in building our faith only on^the  revelation of truth contained in the Bible-  "Search the Scriptures," Christ said. The  Scripture, cannot be broken.  The Church of Rome, on the contrary, builds  her doctrines upon a double basis,���������the Bible and  Jfeffiditjpjrdbg^  tive interpreter of the Bible, she really rests, not  upon the teaching of the Bible, but upon the  teaching of tradition.  Now, thatf is a serious charge. I wish to prove  it. ,The creed of Pope Pius IV., which was published in A.B% 1564, and has ever since been the  universal symbol of doctrine in the Roman  Church, declares as follows:  1. "I most firmly admit and embrace the  apostolical and ecclesiastical traditions, and all  other observances and constitutions of the said  church.  2. -I admit also Holy Scripture, according to  that sense which Holy Mother Church, to whom it  appertains to judge of the true meaning and interpretation of the Sacred Scriptures, hath holden  and still holds."  Now compare with this the language of the  Council of Trent: "The Holy Ecumenical and  General Council of Trent . . . receives and  venerates with equal affection of piety and reverence all the hooks of the Old and the New Testament, . ��������� .as also the said traditions, as  well those pertaining to faith as to morals, . .  preserved in the Catholic Church by a continuous  succession.  >>  A Fundamental Error  Here, then, is, the first, as it is the fundamental, error against which we protest,���������-the making  tradition, i. e., the alleged oral teaching of the  apostles, handed down from their times, of equal  authority with the written word of God; and the  declaration that the Sacred Scriptures are to be  admitted only in the sense in which the^Romah  Church explains them. The sixth article of the  Church of England declares, on the contrary, that  "Holy Scripture containeth all things necessary  to salvation; so that whatsoever is"not read therein, nor may be proved thereby, is not to be required of any man that it should be believed as  an article of faith." When this is denied, the  very foundations of the faith are sapped. Our  feet no longer stand on the rdek of God's written  Word, but upon the uncertain and shifting sands  of tradition. _ No wonder that the Church of  Rome has been '' carried about by every wind of  doctrine," since she has cast anchor upon such  treacherous ground. For, mark you, as if it were  not a sufficient impiety to declare the traditions  (Continued on Page 3)  Phone Seymour 943  &  General XontitK:tors  t  55-66 DAVIS CHAM5ERS     ::     615 HASTINGS ST. W. ������  B. C. EQUIPMENT CO.  MACHINERY  DEALERS  CONCRETE  MIXERS. STEEL  CARS,  ROCK CRUSHERS, ELECTRIC.  STEAM AND GASOLINE HOISTS.       WHEELBARROWS, TRANSMISSION  MACHINERY,   GASOLINE  ENGINES,   PUMPS  AND ROAD MACHINERY.  Offices: 606-607 Bank of Ottawa Bldg.  Phone Seymour 9040 (Exchange to all Departments)  SEALED  SECURITY  is essential to safe investment.  Our Debentures guarantee a  a return of 5%���������are negotiable  DEBENTURES   -are secured by  $7,480,339  Assets.  4% on Savings Deposits. Subject to cheque  withdrawal. Interest compounded quarter-  yearly.  The Great West Permanent Loan Company  Vancouver Branch: Rogers Bldg., Ground Floor  R. J. POTTS, Manager.  BUITAL0 GROCERY  Commercial Prive and 14th Avenue  "The Home of Quality"  Guaranteed Fresh  M  Best Quality  Groceries  4. P. Sinclair  .>roP. pjione Fairmont I033  HOUSEHOLD GOODS  ^OFFICE FURNITURE  ixn  ;OLDEST*Hf) LARGEST M0RA(.fc CwNCLKN IN YUSTEH,* CANADA  CAMPBELL  COMPANY;  MOVING - PACKING-STORAGE-SHIPPING  PHONE SEYMOUR 7360. OFFICE 857 BIATTYgt SI  f The Bank of  Head Office: Vancouver, B. C.  Capital Authorized $2,000,000  Capital Subscribed $1,174,700  Capital Paid Up      $  877,368  Branches throughout the  Province of British  Columbia.  A General Banking Business Transacted.  SAVINGS DEPARTMENT  at all Branches. Deposits of One Dollar and upwards received and interest at the highest current rate paid or  credited half yearly.  City Branches       '  Vancouver Branch:      Corner Hastings and Cambie Streets  Pender Street Branch: Corner Pender and  Carrall   Streets  ^  CHAS. G. PENNOCK, General Manager.  J' f  if,'- \'C  V  b  Friday, May 8, 1914  'I   A  QaLL.'  For Sale and  For Rent  Cards  10c each 3 for 25c  WESTERN MIX OFFICE, 203 Kingsway  A DETECTIVE'S ADVICE  Betore employing: a Private Detective, if yon don't  know your man, ask your  legal adviser.  JOHNSTON, tha Secret  Service,Intelligence Bureau. Suite 103-4  319 Render St., W.  Vancouver, B. C.  Try Our Printing  Quality Second  to None  %  A. E. Habron j: A. Harron G. M. Williamson  a  *  h  f ���������':;  HARRON BROS.  FUNERAL DIRECTORS AND EMBALMERS ���������'���������*  VANCOUVER NORTH VANCOUVER  Office & Chapel-1034 Granville St.      Office & Chapel���������122 Sixth St. W.  Phone Seymour 3486 Phone 134  4J4������i4Klfr4fr������^<.fr������fr*.4*fr4^4V4}'.}'^4fc'M'M^^  Trader's Trust Company, Ltd. I  328-333 Rogers Bldg.  Vancouver, B. C. *  GENERAL AGENTS.:  Pacific States Fire Insurance Company  Franklin Fire Insurance Company J  A GENERAL TRUST BUSINESS TRANSACTED |  ������$l4JM{l|4^������4J4<J4<JM{4������{4<J4������}M^}������lfr������{������������fr4$I^Mfr4{M}Mfr^4^Mfr4fr4^  Subscribe to The Western Call  One Dollar a year in advance  ���������X X  I      The Housewife's Summer Slogan      f  I "Cook With Gas"  No husband who cares for the comfort of his wife and no housewife  who would properly safeguard her health during the summer should  neglect to consider the advantages of cooking with gas during the  coming heated term. ,  The Cost is Small-The Returns are Large  At the present time we arc tble te five prompt service in the ro������Moj |  of connection wi(n our mains, hence we advise yon to net promptly;  A phone call on New Business Department, Seymour 5000, will place' %  ���������||   at your disposal full particulars, concerning connection with our mains.  A visit to our salesrooms will enable yow to see a full line of guar*  noteed G������s Appliances, suited tn every purse or particular demand;  VANCOUVER QAS CO.  X     Carrall and  X   Hastings Sf.  Phone  .Seymour 5000  1138 Oranvllle St.  Near Pavle St.  ������^4^jM5������.t44^J<4.J^.������}.4j.454*j4^j4^^5Mj.^4j.4j44.J.4j4������J..J.       %-<">^'!~M*^^^^,.^*M*������J^^'^'*!*,!,������M,*I'^������������I<  */^..i"i' ^ v-^vir*^*'."'*** ^**i������n-*v- -.--��������� ~4���������  ''^^s--^s*^*ns*i,,i**l'"'t*4i,^.,5.^*4*H**J**5*,5*^**iVi^i.4;.  i  *  ' A-  ���������*���������  : *  4  i  ���������  4  t  *  A-  *  J.  4-  ���������������*-,  x  ���������JT  A  4  Those \^^^M^3^^  In ultimate results which use our electric  power service. Theiactories or office buildings which operate private power plants are  under a big expense for maintenance. A  trifling accident may disorganize their whole  system ��������� more serious disturbance, with  attendant heavy losses involved, are not  preventable. Stave Lake Power is undeniably cheaper and more reliable than private plant operation. See us for particulars  and rates.  I Western Canada Power Company,  I LIMITED ���������  i Phones Seymour 4770     6O3-6IO Carter-Cotton Bldg. J  t P. O. BOX 1418, VANCOUVER, B. C. 2.  J     ' ���������}  ������.������W^������^^^**<M'*****^~W~:������***X** <"H"l"li'I'iH"Iiil"!">^,>^,^"M~>'>*:">-t-s*-^-  4-  4-  ���������f  X  ARE ������0U INTERESTED IN B.C.RETHODISM?  THEN THE J  ! Western Methodist Recorder \  (Published Monthly) ' ��������� ;  Is almost indespensible to you. . j  No other medium will give you such general and \  such    satisfactory   information   about   Methodist 3  activity in this great growing province.   Whether :-���������  a Methodist or not you are interested in Methodist  movement.   Send your subscription to  BanagerMelhodlst-8eeorderMP.Cfl.,Ltd.   ���������  ���������   Victoria, B.C.  SI.OO   -   One Year  Address by Dr. McKim-" Why We Are Protestants"  (Continued from Page 2)  ^^^.X..y^r>������-4^<4>H-������'-{-H''40������**'M-*4-?i"M"M"t"M"l t"������*'l"H"M"f">  of men to be of equal authority with the written  Word of God, she really exalts tradition above  the Word, by making that.the rule of interpretation.  The Ftdse Decretals  Let me give you an example to show how far  the traditions to which the Church of Borne appeals are to be depended on. In the ninth century a tremendous forgery arose, under the name  of the Isidorian decretals, consisting of nearly one  hundred letters, written in the.names of earlier  bishops/of Rome, together with certain spurious  writings of other church dignitaries, and acts of  hitherto unknown councils. These documents  were eagerly seized upon by Nicholas I., who was  Pope at that time, and by him and his successors  were made the- instrument of completely revolutionizing the constitution of the church, and developing the papal power, from a mere primacy, into  an absolute ecclesiastical despotism. For centuries these false decretals were accepted as genuine;  but for over three hundred years their true character has been known, and they have been on all  hands admitted to be a forgery, and a very clumsy  forgery at that- Even the most extreme partisans of Borne now admit this,���������indeed, the popes  themselves have admitted it, yet the radical  changes which they were the instruments of introducing, remain.     ..  Now, one cannot help asking, What dependence is to be placed on the traditions which the  Church of Borne professes to have preserved since  the time of the apostles, if she thus accepted for  so many centuries this gross forgery, and made it  the support and foundation of doctrines and  usages she has insisted on as vital to the true constitution of the church? And this is only one of  numerous examples in which the infallible Church  of Borne has accepted and magnified the authority  of documents which have subsequently been  proved and admitted to be forgeries. But if she  is thus incapable of distinguishing the true from  the false in the writings and documents of her  own bishops, and synods, how are we to trust her  when she presents us with J alleged traditions  handed down from the age of the apostles? And  how can we do otherwise than protest against her  impiety when we see the plainest declarations of  the Sacred Scriptures made void by her pretended  traditions? . In our Saviour's time the Pharisees  "appealed to tradition, but our Lord made his appeal ever to the Scriptures. He changed them  with transgressing the commandments of God by  their traditions. His words to them are most applicable today to the Church of Rome: ''Thus  have ye made the commandment of God of none  effect by your tradition." Matt. 15:6. "In vain  they do worship me, teaching for doctrines the  commandments of men." Verse 9. He. said to  the Jews, "Search the Scriptures." He never  said, Search your traditions..  There are. the words, and there is the authority, of our Lord andv Saviour Jesus Christ against  the method which-the Church of Borne adopts in  asking us to accept her traditions as the basis of  doctrine.  Roman Catholic Xnterpretatio������ of Scripture  But again, the Roman Catholic hierarchy  teaches that the Bible is to be accepted only according to the sense which the church puts upon  it. Now, perhaps you would like to have a sample  or two of the interpretations of this infallible  church. Well, here is one of many that might be  given. What do you suppose is the chief passage  relied upon to establish the dogma of papal infallibility? Here it is in our Lord's words to St.  Peter: "Satan hath desired to,have you, that he  may sift you as wheat; but I have prayed for  thee, that thy faith fail not; and when thou art  converted, strengthen thy brethren.'' Luke 22:  31-32. This, we are told by Romanist interpreters  since Pope Agatho, A.D. 680, contains the grant  of special privilege to the bishops of Rome as successors of St. PeterV" And thi s7"although not one  of the eighteen Fathers who comment upon this  passage gives any hint of such an interpretation!  I give another precious example of infallible  interpretation. You know the popes have claimed  power to rule the nations, and how do you suppose this is proved from Holy Scripture? How?  Just listen, listen and tremble; it is very simple.  St. Peter walked on the sea! Q. E. D. (quod erat  demonstrandum!)    (Applause.)  This is conclusive evidence that the successors  of St. Peter are entitled to rule the nations! Do  ycu not see it ? If you do not, you must be very  dull. It was declared by Pope Innocent III. in a  letter addressed to the patriarch of Constantinople, in which he claimed that "Christ had committed the government of the whole world to the  popes."  Such interpretations as these, proceeding from  the supposed infallible popes,���������in conflict with  common sense, in conflict with the laws of sound  exegesis, in conflict with the exposition given by  the Fathers of the church,���������may serve to show  how deceitfully- the Church of Rome deals with  Holy Scripture-  Dr. Preston's Charges  A famous controversialist of the Church of  Rome, some years ago, was the vicar-general Rev.  Dr. Thomas S. Preston. He said that private  interpretation,���������that terrible old thing, you know,  private judgment,���������"private interpretation has  virtually declared the Bible to be of straw." But  I say that papal and Boman interpretation has  actually used the Bible as a nose of wax, to be  . pressed into whatever shape the exigencies of their  ease may require.  Again: Dr. Preston says: "Protestantism  has torn the Bible to pieces."- Think of it, ye  Protestants, and repent of your sins! However,  even that is not so bad,as burning it, is it? (Applause.) For the leaves of the torn Bible, borne  by the winds of heaven over the earth, may carry  the message of life and immortality to mankind;  ���������the single verse, "God so loved the world, that  he gave his only begotten Son," once led a poor  Hindu out of his heathen darkness into1 light;���������  but, when it is burned, its power to bless is gone,  ���������for men cannot read its message in its ashes,���������  and the only voice it then has is anathema against -  the sacreligious hand that committed it to the  fire.  Boman Doctrines Not in the Bible  Let me repeat, then, with emphasis: If any  man asks why we are Protestants, I answer, Because the doctrines of the Church of Rome which  we are called upon to accept as necessary to salvation cannot be found in the Bible. Do you  think that is a large order to prove? Well, I  shall not attempt to prove it; but I shall just  hide myself behind the opinion of a great cardinal. You know that is a very safe place to be.  The late Cardinal Wiseman, in writing about  the way in which Romanists are sometimes converted, or perverted, as he would say, to Protestantism, said this: '' The history, in every case  is simply this, that the individual, by some chance  or other . ." . became possessed of the Word  of God, of the Bible; that he perused this book;  that he could not find in it transubstantiation or  auricular confession, that he could not discover in  it one word of purgatory, or of worshipping images. He perhaps goes to the priest, and tells  him that he cannot find these doctrines in the  Bible; his priest argues with him, and endeavors  to convince him that he should shut up the book  that is leading him astray; he perseveres, he  abandons the communion of the Church of Rome,  .. and becomes a Protestant- Now, in all  this the man was a Protestant from the beginning;  he started withthe principle that whatever is not  in that book cannot be true religion, or an article  of faith; and that is the principle of Protestantism. He took Protestantism, therefore, for granted, before he began to examine the Catholic doctrine. He set out with the supposition that whatever is not in the Bible is no part of God's truth;  he does not find certain things in the Bible, and  concludes that, therefore, the religion that holds  these is not the true religion of Christ."-^"Lectures on the Principal Doctrines and Practices of  the Catholic Church," Baltimore, 1846, page 16.  The man who wrote these words was an eminent prince of the church,���������a prince who, if he  were here, the Boston Pilot would tell you was entitled to precedence over, our senators, over our  representatives, over the judges of the Supreme  Court, over the Vice-President 0 f the United  States, over the foreign ambassadors, over everybody on the face of this big continent except the  President; and if a ship bearing him should come  into port, it should be welcomed by salvos of artillery suitable to the heir apparent to the throne!  (This was said, not of a deadS cardinal, but of a  living cardinal. I think his name is O'Connell.)  (Applause.)  Here, then, is a distinct acknowledgment by  an eminent prince of the church, a noted controversialist, that neither transubstantiation, nor  auricular confession, nor pugatory, nor worshipping of images is found in the Bible. We agree  ex animo with this illustrious representative of  Rome. The same is true of all the peculiar doctrines of that church.  Home's Teachings Contrary to Scripture and to  the Fathers  Once more I say, We are Protestants because  the peculiar doctrines of the Church of Rome are  contrary to Holy Scripture, contrary to the teachings of the Fathers of the church.   We are Protestants because we refuse to believe the Virgin  Mary more merciful than Jesus Christ; or that  she is our mediator with God; or that she is the  mother of God; or that she was born without sin.  We are Protestants because the doctrine of the  mass has no foundation in Holy Scripture; and I  might add, no manner or sort of affiliation   or  association or connection with the great American national Thanksgiving festival-    (Long continued applause.)    We are Protestants because  themvgcatipn qtLsaints_.hM--Uo_foundatiouJn!HoIy^  Scripture; because the power of the priest to sit  in the tribunal of penance and pronounce judicial absolution on the penitent, has no foundation  in Scripture; because the doctrine of papal infallibility finds no suppbrt either in the BiUe, or  in the primitive Fathers of the church.  As to Certainty of Truth  But then, O my friends, it is alleged that there  is no agreement among Protestants as to the doctrines contained in the Bible; and that this results from the principle of private judgment,  which produces endless divisions and differences  among them; and then it is declared triumphantly  that God is not the author of confusiou, and  therefore God cannot be the author of Protestantism! Q. E. D. (I like these Q. E. D.'s.) One  of the arguments most earnestly pressed in the  recent Misison in this city was that there can be  no certainty of truth in a Protestant church, tli.nt  certainty can be found only in an infallible  church, speaking to the world through an infallible head? ���������  But then, is the Roman Catholic Church a  household free from differences and divisions and  conflicts? That's an interesting question, is it  not? Are its interpretations of Scripture consistent and harmonious.  Take, for example, the controversy about predestination, which Dr. Preston referred to in su:?h  a manner as to leave his audience to suppose that  it was one of the dire results of the Reformation.  He traced the genesis of this doctrine to reformed  theology, and said, "So came the theory of predestination." What a learned man he must have  'been!   (Laughter and applause.)  Well, there are one or two facts that we i..ight  quote along that line. The first is that more than  a thousand years before the Reformation the  theory of predestination was ably expounded by  St- Augustine, who is by many held to be the  greatest of the Fathers, and is claimed by the  Church of Rome as one of her theologians. The  second fact is that in the ninth century the P.o-  man Church was convulsed by this controversy in  the well known case of the monk Gottschalk, and  for ten years it raged with great fury. The third  (Continued on Page 6)  &AVS ACT.  Y-urcQursm x_tw> omun  .   Distriot of Const Bsafe X.   ~T  TAKE NOTICE that Peter Freeman,,,  of Vancouver; occupation, Book-keeper;  intends to apply for, permission to purchase the  following described lands:���������  Commencing a* a post planted at the  Southeast corner of T. L.- 1122; thence  80 chains South; thence 80 chains East;  thence 80 chains North to the beach;  thence following the shore, line in a  North-westerly direction 80 chains or  to tbe point of commencement, containing 500 acres, more or less, for agricultural.  Dated January 21st, 1914.  PETER FREEMAN.      ���������,     '  ��������� H. O. Adams, Agent  U������ A  T  Tiiooom XjAjtd dxsuuot  Distriet of Coast Bamge X.  TAKE NOTICE that John William  Bradshaw, of Vancouver; occupation.  Mechanic; intends to apply for permission to purchase the following described lands:���������  Commencing at a post planted about  4 miles distant in a Northwest direction from the Northwest corner of Lot  425; thence 40 chains West: thence 80  chains North ? thence 40 chains East;  thence 80 chains South to the point of  commencement, containing 320 acres,  more or less, for agricultural.  Dated January 21st,: 1*14.  JOHN WILLIAM BRADSHAW.  v H. O. Adams, Afaat  X-4JTD ACT.  tavcovysb xwura xronuoc  Mstrtet of Coast Baao 1. .  TAKE NOTICE that Leo Mayne. of  Vancouver; occupation. Telegrapher;  intends to apply for permission to purchase the following described lands:���������  Commencing at a post planted about  2 miles distant in a Southerly direction  from the Southwest corner of Lot 420;  commencing at post planted in the  Southeast corner; thence 10 chains  West;, thence "80 chains North; thenca'  80 chains East; thence 80 chains 8outb  to the point of commencement, containing 640 acres, more or less, for agricultural.  Dated January 24th, 1914.  LEO MAYNE.  H. G. Adams, Agent.  XiABD ACT.  . TAXfooxrrsa x_ik������ xxuraxcr  XHstrlct of Coast Bangs X.  TAKE NOTICE that Martha Adelaide Kay. of Vancouver; occupation.  Spinster; intends to apply for permission to purchase the following described  lands:��������� <  Commencing at a post planted about  1 mile distant in a Westerly direction  from the Southeast corner of Lot 18;  commencing at a pOBt-in the Northwest  corner; thence 80 chains East; thence  60 chains South; thence 80 chains West;  thence 60 chains North to the point of  commencement, containing 500 acres,  more or less, for agricultural.  Dated January 23rd. 1914.  MARTHA ADELAIDE KAY.  H. O. Adams, Agent,  XVAIf X> ACT.  ���������AVOOUTxm XkAXfD DZSTJUCT  XHstrlot of Coast Baas* X.  TAKE^ NOTICE that Lawrence  Hartje, of Vancouver; occupation, Engineer; intends to apply for permission  to purchase the following described  luncls*-"--  Commencing at a post planted .about  1 mile and a quarter distant, and in a  South-easterly direction from the Southwest corner of !T. L. 4486; commencing  at a post in ,the Southeast corner;  thence 80 chains North; thence 80  chains West; thence 30 chains South  to the beach; thence following the beach  in a South-easterly direction 80 chains,  or to the point of commencement, containing 520 acres, more or less; for agricultural.  Dated January 27th, 1914.  LAWRENCE HARTJE.  H. O. Adams. Agent.  *A*n AVt.  VAIIOO  TAKE NOTICE that HoTton Evens  Sands, of Vancouver; occupation. Broker; intends to apply for permision to  purchase the following described  lands:���������  Commencing at a post planted about  1 mile distant and in an Easterly direction from the Southeast corner of Lot  542; commencing at a post in the Northwest corner; thence 35 chains East;  thence 80 chains South; thence 35  chains WeBt; thence 80 chains North  to the poit of commencement, containing 300 acres/more or less, for agricultural.  Dated January 25th   1914.  HOLTON EVENS SAND&  H.  G,  Adams, Agent.  fcAWD ACT.  VAxrcowsB xw������xrx> dxstbxct  XHstrlot of Coast Basr* !���������  TAKE  NOTICE  that Florence Malla-  han,   of  Vancouver;   occupation,   Dressmaker;  intends to apply for permission  to   purchase   the     following     described  lands:���������    /  _���������-_���������-__  "���������������������������-Co'mmencihg'at a post planted about  2 and a half miles distant and in a  South-easterly direction from the Southeast corner of Lot 542; commencing at  a post in the Southwest corner; thence  40 chains North; thence 70 chains East;  thenca 40 chains South; thence 70  chains West to the point of commencement, containing 300 acres, more or  less, for agricultural.  "Dated January 26th, 1914.  FLORENCE MALLAHAN.  H. G. Adams, Agent.  . KAWB ACT.  VAKCOTTVER  X.AHX)  DXSTBXCT  XHstrlct of Coast Bang* X.  TAKE   NOTICE     that   Arthur   Barr-  able, of Vancouver; occupation, Broker;  intends  to apply  for permision to purchase  the  following described lands:���������  -Commencing at a post planted at the  Northwest corner of Lot 540; thenco 80  chains   North;   thence   80   chains   East;  thence 80 chais South; thence 80 chains  West to the point of commencement, containing 640 acres, more or less, for agricultural.  Dated January  22nd,  1914.  ARTHUR BARRABLE.  H. G. Adams,  Agent.  X.AVWD ACT.      V  TAsTCOVVEB  X.AHD  DXSTBXCT  Distriet of Coast Bang* X. ,  TAKE NOTICE that Henry Teaeger,  of Vancouver; occupation, Brewer; intends to apply for permission to purchase the following described lands:���������  Commencing at a post planted about  1 mile distant and in a Westerly direction from the Northwest corner of Lot  425; commencing at a. post in the  Northeast corner; thence 80 chains  South; thence 80 chains West; thence  80 chains North; thence 80 chains East  to the point of commencement, containing 640 acres, more or less, for agricultural.  Dated January 15th, 1914.  HENRY TEAEGER.  H.  G. Adams,  Agent.  Dp not go about repeating the  statement that nothing affects the  temper like disease of the stomach ; it would be better to say that  nothing troubles the functions of  the stomach like moody tempers.  ���������Paul Dubois.  South Vancouver Undertakers  Hamilton   Bros.  We are foremost in our line for  Moderate Priced Funerals  6271 Frmr Street FfcHiFrastrB  \ X-.-.jw-y-  llSfilpfi^^  m -w< w KsTKRtf .^Aii'ii'  WS9^^m^^^^X^^l^^^^^m^  ip  rnmrnmymmmymB  Friday^ May?8,1914  THE WESTERN CALL  PUBLISHED EVERY FRIDAY  BY THE  TERMINAL CITY PRESS, LTD.  HEAD OFFICE:  203 Kingsway, Vancouver  Telephone Fairmont 1140  Sunecrlptlons  One Collar a Your In Advance  01.OO Outelde Caaada  If you do not get "CALL" regularly  it is probably because your subscription  is long overdue. Renew at once. If paid  up, phone or write complaint today.  WHY WE ARE PROTESTANTS  We publish with this issue the address of Dr-  McKim, of Washington, D. C, in full. We have  gone to this expense and persisted in keeping this  address before the minds of our readers���������first,  because so many of our friends are interested and  have gone out of their way to so express thenar  selves, and then because we believe this to be ari  epoch making address. Coming as it does from  one of the leading lights of the Episcopal church  in Washington, D. C., it carries all the more  weight in that we do not ordinarily look for such  radical utterances from these quarters.  And yet it is fitting that the Episcopal church  should lead in the defence of the constitution of  the United States against the machinations of political Romanism, for the Episcopal church was  very much in evidence at the framing of the constitution.  Two-thirds (34 out of 56)i of the signers of the  Declaration of Independence were Protestant  Episcopalians. The author of the Declaration of  Independence was born, and nurtured in the Protestant Episcopal church. The immortal father of  his country was a devout member of the same  church. The father of the Constitution was a  Protestant and an Episcopalian. So was the first  Chief Justice, its great interpreter. So was Patrick Henry���������and Benjamin Franklin���������and Richard Henry Lee; *  John Fiske, the Massachusetts historian, has  said that there were five great men who made the  American nation, Washington, Jefferson, Marshall, Madison and Hamilton, and all of them were  Episcopalians.  On the other hand only one Roman Catholic  signed the Declaration of Independence���������Charles  Carroll, of Carrollton���������both brave and noble.  In the American colonies religious liberty was  not at first fully understood or conceded.   The  men who founded them had come out of Europe  in the dark days of civil and religious tyranny,  but they were the highest expression, at the time,  of our racial passion for political liberty, and  when the Revolution came both civil and religious  liberty were grafted on the Constitution.    The  first amendment thereto declares that "Congress  shall make no law respecting an establishment of  religion, or prohibiting the free exercise thereof;  or abridging the freedom of speech or of the  .press."  But every one of these fundamental rights of  man is denied by Romanism. In the encyclical  Immortal������ pei, issued November 1,1885, equality,  personal liberty, liberty of opinion, liberty of conscience, liberty of worship, liberty of the press,  are all anathematized, and PdpeLeo XIII distinctly declares all these to be the fruit of the  Protestant Reforamtion.      ,  Bancroft, the historian, tells us that America  is the chief heir of the Reformation in its purest  form���������also that  all  the1 thirteen  colonies were  ������{"fr^������4{>liM|w3������^3>^M}������3wfrMfr4^t..|..I.M  THE  4H"H^<������HMH'4<'<H'4,4,4"M'*H'������MMH^^  GOETHALS DECIDES TO OPEN THE CANAL  Panama, April 30.���������Gov. Goethals decided today to begin a barge service through the Panama  Canal about May 10, thus bringing it into commercial use much earlier than had been expected.  This decision was brought about by the interruption of the Tehuantepec railway route. The first  freight to be towed through will consist of Hawaiian sugar, and it is understod that this will  probably, in future, all be routed by way of the  canal.  WIRELESS PHONE  SUCCESSFUL AT LAST  ON LACKAWANNA LIMITED  New York, May 2.���������While the east bound  Lackwanna limited of the D. L. & W. R. R. was  speeding on a non-stop run over the fifty-three  miles between Scranton and Stroudsburg, Pa.,  yesterday afternoon, C. P. Logwood, engineer, of  the Deforest Engineering Company, sat in a little  compartment on the train and talked easily with  the telephone to Engineer Graf of the Lackwanna  Company, who was sitting in the wireless room in  the railroad station at Scranton.  This was the first successful trial of wireless  telephoning between a moving train and a fixed  station and everything worked fine. The Deforest amplifier, an invention of Lee Deforest, was  used, and made possible amplification of speech  fifty times above the normal. The Lackwanna  perfected and put into practical use this means of  communication several months ago.  SECOND NARROWS BRIDGE-  LONDON NEGOTIATIONS  The following is the official statement handed  out at the offices of the, company by Secretary  Cockrell, following a meeting held Saturday afternoon to consider a message cabled from London  by Aid- Woodside:  "The directors of the Burrard Inlet Tunnel &  Bridge Company are pleased to report that as the  company is unable to award a contract on the  plans of Sir John Wolfe-Barry, Lyster and partners in their entirety, and they have under consideration modified plans at less cost, the consulting engineers, Sir John Wolfe-Barry, agreed  to withdraw from their contract with the company on payment of the cost of printing the specifications and plans amounting to $2152. This is  considered by the board of directors a very fair  and satisfactory-settlement."  Now that the Wolfe-Barry claims are satisfied  it is expected that the contract will be awarded  within the next few days. ;,  SHAMROCK IV. TO RE LAUNCHED MAY 25  London, May 1.���������Shamrock TV., Sir Thomas  Lipton's new challenger for the America's Cup,  described by those who have seen her as the most  wonderful boat of her kind ever built, is to be  launched on May 25. Her trial races will begin,  the first week in June and continue until the  middle of July, principally on the Solent.  The new challenger is said to be entirely original in design, and to combine many new and  novel features. ���������- ;,  Protestant. Even in Maryland only one twelfth  of the population were non-Protestant.  , America, at the time of the Revolution, was  the most thoroughly Protestant country on earth.  In 1784 the entire Roman Catholic population was  only 32,000.  But today the United States contains a Romanist population of 23,329,000, and is now one of  the foremost Roman Catholic countries on the  planet. This has not been by growth or by conversion���������mark you���������for in this way they have  lost possibly twenty millions���������but by immigration. If President Wilson is compelled to annex  Mexico it will add 15,000,000 Romanists to ah  already most perplexing problem. No wonder  then the American churches are taking a stand.  Their public men are facing a pressure that we  Canadians know only too well, and that has  brought Britain to the very verge of civil war.  HOME FIRST-THE  WORLD AFTERWARDS  Ask for the Home Manufacture and  Insist on It Every Time  *%-i������^  'MADE INY*  B.Cfe  Made in  British C o-  lumbia" goods  are the best  from more  than one  sta n d p o in t.  Even if they  ate no better  than goods  made outside of our province, "Made-  in-British-Columbia" goods are the  best to buy because they are made in  British Columbia.  Everybody knows that the people of  British Columbia do not drop behind  the people of any other province in  anything that they may undertake,  and no loyal British Columbian will  admit it.  Therefore, according to your own  argument, "Made-in-British-Columia"  goods are never inferior.  Another point about them is that  they cost you no more, because the  local manufacturers do not have to  pay the heavy freight rates that other  manufactured goods froni outside the  province are levied. Freight rates on  raw materials for manufacturing are  many times lower than those on manufactured articles. Consequently, if  the local product costs you as much  as the outside article, you can depend upon the freight rates' difference  as having been put into the "Made-in-  British-Columbia" article in the shape  of careful labor; in other words, it is  distributed to workmen who, in turn,  expend their earnings in the customary channels of trade and commerce.  And the more men earning wages, in  local factories, the more money is  turned loose to add to the prosperity  of British Columbia arid of every citir  zen in the province in due proportion.  But local factories paying wages to  local men and producing "Made-in-  British-Columbia" goods, cannot continue 'to do< so unless they get good  returns and good prospects for the  future. You can help keep them going and help maitain British Columbia's .permanent pay rolls by buying  "Made-in-British-Columbia" goods.  Every time that you buy goods made  in the province, you are keeping so  much money right in British Columbia that otherwise would go to some  other place where it will never do  the local citizen one whit of good.  When your wife is ordering from  the grocer tomorrow morning, or you  are buying some materials that you  may use in your business, be sure to  specify the "Made-in-British-ColumV  bia" article. The best goods made in  British Columbia bear the trade mark  that you see at the head of this article.  The best stores in the cities and  towns of the province carry these  goods, so there is no reason why. you  cannot start tomorrow morning to do  your share-in-the-upbuilding of- the  industries of the province. If you  keep up this resolve, you may rest assured that at some future time you  will be *proud to say that you have  done your part in helping this province to attain a place in the commercial world that is second to none.  Ask for the label. Look for the  label, and be sure that you get it. Do  not let that talk of "just as good" go  any more.  Masters' spcslal rias o'er. Solid ������-ct. W������ddln������ ftlaf aaa ���������������������������������������  Soli* GoMKnpr Blag for S /��������� Hi dollar*.) mailca fraa to aay  aMrcss is '��������������� world, cri.o* Mi. aow, and pa? IH.oo delWarj.  Masters' marvellous value, solid az-ct. Wedding Rime sod  either iS-ct.GemBiug,setwithDian onds RubiesPearls, Ae.for  401- (qj dollars), or SO/- with order and 20/- on delivery.  Special attention given to foreign ecquiriss. Writefor List.  MASTERS', Ltd., Hon Stores, RYE, Ea|.  SUM  W/-U  ������**.  Writ*  for  OU������  NKW  KINO  LIST  -���������ST  nu  ���������M Pleasant Neltudlsl Qmrco News  C. 0. D.  If the Cash-on-Delivery System is in use in your country, the11  you need only send 10/ for either 2 Rings you select and pay  balance when you receive the Rings,     listers, Ltd., Ije, England.  The annual election of Sunday  School officers and teachers occurred  at the April meeting of the Board, resulting in the election of W. E.  Pincher as superitendent for the year  beginning May I.  The Women's Missionary Society  introduced Miss Broad to the Wednesday evening service last week, who  appeared in a Corean bridal costume.  Heroaddress was interesting, as she  pictured in turn a heathen and a  Christian marriage scene in Corea,  both of which were brief and business like.  But    the    Corean  shown   is  not     so.  smoker  of  necessity  by his toes, so long is the stem  The W. M. S. report $1,082 as financial returns of the year just  closed.  The Young Men's Club are organized for the season's out door sports,  and are preparing for a good season's  record.  smoking pipe  The slaveless  holds  the  light  Sunday 11 a. m. Rev. H. A. Ireland, of Beaconsfield, conducted service   in   the   absence   of  the   Pastor, in circles only.  who was at Beaconsfield.  Subject���������"The   Living Christ."  The claims of Jesus showed him to  be the world's greatest wonder or  the world's greatest imposter. Men  said, never man spoke like this man.  Some said, tell us, are you true; are  you the Christ? Others said, go thy  way. None else said as Christ.  Come unto Me. I am the way, the  truth and the life.  7:30 p. m. Rev. Dr. Sipprell, pastor,  was in charge. Subject: "Amos,  5:20." And so he dwelt on judgment; water, righteousness and  streams. He. said he was not so'sure  that we handled criminals better than  in Amos' day. AH life is related to  the Kingdom of God. He knew  fathers in this city whose families  would be better off if the man never  came home, and he knew fathers  whose absence would mean .sorrow  indeed. God demands righteousness  first.  What the Liberals really don't like  about the budget is the hig share of  consideration given to the Canadian  farmer. They would prefer to give  the farmer promises only.  n  ^  FARMERS, READ THIS!  Since 1878 the duty oh  agricultural implements has  been reduced from 35 per  cent, to 12J per cent.  Of that reduction Conservative governments have  made  20 PER CENT.  and the Liberals  Only 2} PER CENT.  Thus the Conservatives have  done eight times more' for the  farmers than the Liberals.  Farmers of Canada,  think this overt  With all that th* Borden Government  has done and is still doing for the  country, the national debt is many millions lower than under the Grit regime.  ^>-^>^le^������^_^S^,.j^^^^^.y*^j^ft-^^_y  Stock  choose  from  All car lines pass our door.  Use our store waiting for a car  or writing a letter. Make it your  stopping place. Just say "Meet  me at Stanley's. /i  STANLEY & CO.  2317 Mala Street  Phone Pair. 998  Terminal City Press, Ltd.  2464 Westminster Rd. Pbone Fairmont 1140  s> .������.������.������.������������������������������. ������ . ��������������������� ������ * ������.. ������ ' ������ ��������� ���������t.    ������������.������...������.s.������ . ������ ..# ������ ������ .������.������.������ . ������ .,������ .,������  I.  SEED  POTATOES  "EARLY ROSE," choice quality, $2.00 per 100   >  I "GRACE DARLING" (imported Irish Seed)$1.50 *'    "  i, You Can Rely on the Quality. ��������� .:   1*  1 ' WE CARRY SELECTED LAWN SEED AND FERTILIZER "  \ Our Diamond Ohlok Food contains all that is required to  *    rear healthy chicks.  }'. F.T. VERNON  |   PhoM FilrssOBt 186 Hay, Grain and Feed 255 Bret-Wiy Eitf    ���������  4fr.{,ifri{.,iiiftifr.fti{.i{..'t.i|..������..;.ifr.fr.3w{M{M?^M^  T. S. Baxter  Peter Wright ::  *  Complete House    ������  Furnishers  Ag������nts for Qitermoor and  Restmore Huttresses  Davenport Bed .������������������;'������������������"-���������' '-<'  Wave you tried our Easy payment? Come tn unit talk It ever with us.  &  (Successors to HutchingsFurniture Go.)  Phone Seymour 771 416 Main Street |  4fr.fr.}44$M$. 4fr4$4 I^^4J^4^4{m|.,{4.|m{4.^,������|.,|4.}. ,$4l$4.|44{4.|.       ������*������,*4^������^������^m{4^4^^^^4.J������^44$M^4.^mJh{������4{4^4^44{h4V4{*4J44^.  REALTY CO.  | Real Estate and Insurance Brokers f  CONVEYANCING  RENTS COLLECTED  LOANS NEGOTIATED  PHONE Fair. 185 2503 Westminster Rd.  Vancouver, B. C.  VmmH~h^:������4^^^^*-M'<������:~w<'M^~h* ������m^4<������m^^h^^m^4^������m^**+<m|������  Subscribe to The Western Call  One Dollar a year in advance  I DOMINION WOOD YARD CO.  % Cor. Front and Ontario Sts.     Phone Fairmont 1554  Religion is not a matter of belief,  but of behave. A man of prayer and  praise is like a one-winged duck, goes j 4  All Kinds of Mill Wood  Stored Under Cover  W~H������:~>^~M-X**������X'*v������H~  x~:-m-:- ivr-   v      - -I '    ������������������'   '.  '���������  \  Friday, May 8. 1914  THE lWB8TBBN CALL  if;  Typhoid Fever Prevention  I  1/  Have  you paused  to  consider  the  v     great financial loss caused every year  through Typhoid Fever?  Typhoid fever fs a filth disease, al-  !*'"   though cleanly people often become  '(   affected.    It is carried by human ex-  1    cretions  and  gets  into the  drinking  j,   water through improperly constructed  V   wells, defective drains, etc., or on- to  (/   food through the agency of flies, and  v.v so on infcb the mouth and stomach.  'ji,       This  disease  is  far too.': prevalent,  it  the deaths in British Columbia for, the  last year from this cause alone being  eighty-five.  Apart  from  this  loss  of  life, the  economic waste is enormous.    During the same period about 700 persons  were  ill  with  this   sickness  in  this  j Province.   If each of these cases were  , laid up for 8 weeks, a short average,  1  this would  mean  a  total period of  }, 39,200 days in hospital, and with hos-  \ pttal expenses at $2 yer day, a total  cost of $78,400.  If each patient required a total of  four months before he regained his  full strength and earning capacity,  this would mean a total loss of 84,000  [j'days. As the majority of these cases  ��������� occur in men earning $3 a day and  over, the loss of earning capacity  would be about $252,000. This, together   with   the   hospital   expenses;  X  Provincial Board of Health,  Victoria, B. 0.  j which do not include doctors' fees  and other items, gives a gross total  of $330,400. Aside from this, many  persons never regain their old health,  and this, together with the loss of  life, cannot be estimated in dollars.  To prevent this disease, besides  cleanliness, a method of immunization  is I now available. This consists' of  the use of typhoid prophylatic, which  is' ��������� a sterile solution for hypodermic  ������"cjeetion. It may be used by a doctor or nurse, and will be .supplied on  application to the Secretary of the  Provincial Board of Health, Victoria.  After the first dose there is some  1 slight reaction, the person inoculated  feeling as if he had an "ordinary at-  jti^ck of la grippe. This passes off in  the course of a very few hours and  does not prevent the person following his usual work. The second dose  is given from seven to ten days after  the first, and from this practically  no reaction occurs. A third dose,  for still more complete protection, is  given from seven to ten, days after  the second.  That this innoculation does protect  is shown by the following tables  taken from the report of Dr. H. G.  MacKid, Surgeon-General of the Alberta Division of the Canadian Pacific railway:  All Men Under Similar Conditions  \  1911  1912  1913  No. of Men  Inoculated  5.600  8,400  No. of Cases of  Typhoid developing  among these  2  1*  No. of Men  Not Inoculated  Approximately  No. of Cases  of Typhoid developing among  these  8,000  4.500  2,000.  320  220  76  Average No. of Days  Lost as Result of  Typhoid  38,400  26,400  9,120  *This man was probably ill at the time of inoculation.  To quote further from Dr. H. G.  1 MacKid:���������  'One of the most striking results  jj.was  in   a gang of  about thirty-five  I men who were camped within theicity:  limits, and who. absolutely refused to  II be treated at first.   There were eleven  |'cases   developed   in   this   camp,   and  then the men began to ask to be in-  l oculated, which was done, and fol-  I lowing that we had only one more  [case.";. '.;  Other statistics which do not apply  |quite so near home are here given:���������  (1) Sixty-one   thousand   six ��������� hundred and twenty-two British Soldiers  Immunized in India during. 1911.   Typhoid,..incidence  in   the   immunized,.  |1,7. per  thousand;  in  those not im  munized, 6.7 per thousand���������a case reduction of 75 per cent. Death rate in  immunized, : 0.17 per thousand; not  immunized, 1.15 per thousand���������a mortality reduction of 85 per cent.  (2) Eighty-two thousand United  States soldiers immunized up to July  1st, 1912. The typhoid rate dropped  from 303 per thousand in 1909 to 0.3  per thousand in 1912���������a reduction of  90 per cent.  The use of this may save your life,  as it already has saved others. Have  it used on yourself and get your  friends to do (likewise.  iv.....;���������'"        . W. BAPTY;      ,,i  ���������  Acting   Secretary,   Provincial. Board  of Health, Victoria, B.C.  THE NEW KXNGPOM���������  REWGION IN ALBANIA  The Albanians, by decision of Europe, have been given autonomy���������on  paper at least: They numer 2,000,000,  some say 3,000,000, the majority of  whom, are classed as Moslems. Many  of their leaders declare that as Mohammedanism was forced upon them,  now they are free they will repudiate  it. ��������� They have ; suffered so much at  the hands of the Greek church they  declare they will never become Greek.  They so fear Austria, and the Roman  Catholic church that they say Catho-  Hcism;.caiTlnever ..be, Vthejr , ireUgion.  They now look to Protestant England  and America as their only hope.  "TMlfticist  ol all Choice  Waters"  A delicious drink, an invigorating: drink, a drink that aids  instead of retarding digestion.  Such a drink is the genuine  Tansan  from the volcanic spring in  Japan.  Doctors recommend Tansan,  because it is the softest and  most digestible bf all waters,  as well as on account of its  valuable tonic properties.  This explains why Tansan  drinkers enjoy better  health than those who  habitually use common waters.  Mixes Splendidly with  all Hard Drinks  c  To be bought of all reliable  liquor dealers  THE HU0S0N6 BAY COMPANY ,8roR^  J  Foreign  .���������^^^^^^wt***^^ ^ B|IsWn flD Ten,perance  \  BIRMINGHAM'S 100  ' YEARS'  RECORD  In 1813 Birmingham was a very  small town. When it became incorporated as a town in 1838 it then had  a roll of citizens numbering 85,000:  today it is ten times larger. Its ratable value then was a little over, 100,-  000 pounds sterling, now it is forty  times as great, being 4,000,000 pounds  sterling. Only 9,000 were on the rate  books, today 170,000 are assessed.  There were then 125 very small and  narrow streets, now the mileage of  streets totals 636 miles. The area  was 8,000 acres, now it v covers 68  square miles. It was governed by a  high bailiff, the peace and order of  the town were maintained by two  "Charleys," now it requires 1,300 policemen to discharge the same duty.  In the.old days tjjere was no debt  on the town; today the credit of the  city is so good that she has been able  to borrow 18 1-2 millions for improvements of nearly 1,000,000 people.  Four millions of pounds annually  were spent on the public services of  the city, and the wages of 13,000 individuals engaged on the city staff  amounted to 1 1-4 millions. What  will Vancouver be in 100 years?  INDIA .  In the last twenty years the Christian population of India increased by  about 70 per cent, while the Hindu  population increased by only about  4 1-2 per cent, and the Mohammedan  population by about 16 per cent.  POLISH IMMIGRATION  We put a higher valuation on the  Polish immigrant when we remember  that the Pole is a fellow countryman  of Copernicus, the father of modern  astronomy; Chopin, the noted composer; Paderewski, the famous pianist; Sienkiewicz, the distinguished  novelist ,and John Sobieski, the heroic deliverer of Vienna and of Europe from Turkish invasion.  ifr.fr ,fr >fr4fr4fr4$H{M}M{M}44{M$MS������43..fr.|Kfr >$, <fr I^.^^M^I^Mf.  The G&rdeint  ������$M$M$r������{������������3������a{������������|Mfr l|t |$|������frl|������ ������fr ������|> *f������������|* l|������������{* t{* ������{������������$'t}������������|et|M$l  THE OtflON MAGGOT  Is aspeci.es very similar to the cabbage; maggot in. characteristics anil  habits and can be controlled the same  way, with the addition that affected  plants can be pulled up whenever  seen during the season.  Root maggots have been for several seasons very destructive to cabbages, turnips, radishes, etc The  Department of Agriculture advises  spraying with "carbolic acid and  emulsion about the base of the plant"  (vide Spraying Calendar for 1914,  circular No. 6.)   ,. '  i". '���������  A preparation called "Carco" car  bolic tree spray is offered this year  (see page 260 ofthis issue), which is  effective in killing root maggots.  When such spraying is required it is  advisable to buy in gallon..; tins, at  $1.25 per gallon.  THE CUT WORMS  These troublesome insects are  known to all and at times in years of  prevalence become very destructive.  They can be controlled when their  damage is observed by the use of a  mixture . of bran, molasses and Paris  Green. The "worms" as a rule only  feed at night, so if this mixture is  placed near the plants in the evening,  many cut worms will suffer from the  effects of the arsenic.  ������*^4^^^.4jl4^2^^^^4^^4^*4^'4^l4^a4^MS**.*a4V*4V>4V*'*4  t I'  Xrm 2  T  Temperance  ALCOHOL INCREASES INSANITY  Paris, April 25.���������Persons suffering  from alcoholism form more than a  quarter ef the army of insane in  Paris, and the department of the  Seine, and the number increases from  year to year, according to figures  just made public by the municipality.  An additional argument, based on official statistics, is thus furnished Deputy Henri Schmidt and others who  have been leading a vigorous anti-  drink campaign throughout France.  Out of a total of 89,728 admitted to  the asylums in the department mentioned from 1887 to 1911, the number of mentally dificient, victims of  the drink habit, was 27.315.  The figures also show that insanity  in general as well as hereditary insanity is increasing. The combination of alcohol and strenuous life of  the cities is among the reasons given  for the growing number of cases of  hereditary insanity.  The encouragement of drunkenness for the sake of profit on the sale  of drink is certainly one of the most  criminal methods of assassination for  money hitherto adopted by the bravos  of any age or country.���������John Ruskin.  ���������|,i|4^ii|iit.,ti,;..;i.fr.fr.fr.^>.x..;.������'~:~fr.:..:..;..'........, |..ii.;.i{i.|i.|..t.i3i.il.;.,|i.f.*j.*j..i.rf.j.<..;,.^;..>4������^4  ROYAL TEETOTALERS  Emperor William of Germany  comes out flat-footed as a total abstinence man. And here comes the  king of Norway, announcing himself  as in favor of nation-wide prohibition. Nor are he and Kaiser William  alone, for here are some more  crowned heads of Europe who drink  no wines: The King of Spain, King  Ferdinand of Bulgaria, Queen of Holland, and the King and Queen of  Sweden.���������Am. Issue.  POOR-BLEEDING  KANSAS NO LONGER  This summer Kansas. experienced  the worst drought in years. Her wells  and streams dried up, her live stock  died, her crops were destroyed but  there is no call for help. The governor of Kansas has issued a statement  to the effect that the'world need not  waste sympathy on Kansas, since she  holds a deposit balance in her banks  of more than two hundred millions of  dollars. She has kept her money instead of spending it in saloons and in  taking care of the saloon product.  What is the matter with Kansas now?  NEEDED IN VANCOUVER TOO  The "Committee of Fifteen" has  recently published a long list of  names of owners of property in which  are disorderly resorts and unlawful  saloons within the city limits of Chicago.  ���������i i'  THE COCAINE HABIT  Plea of Peer's Son  While giving evidence in a charge  against a drug seller at New York,  a witness admitted that the name he  gave���������-Bosworth ��������� was false, and  pleaded that his anonymity should be  respected, as he was a victim of the  cocaine habit; and wished to save his  father���������an English peer���������and his  family from the shameful knowledge  bf .his downfall., :.:.., ,'','..:......,"     V  '4Bosw6rth," who is asid to be 45  years.old, is a soldierly man, about 6  feet in' height. According to his  statement, he was educated at Eton  and Oxford. He then became a civil  engineer in the employ of the Canadian Pacific Railway. When the  Boer war broke out he went to the  Transvaal with the 1st Canadian voir  unteers* contingent, and was at the  battle of Colenso with Lord Roberts'  son when the latter was mortally  wounded. His conduct earned for  him the Royal Victorian Order (second class.)  In consequence of a spinal wound  received at Spion Kop he was invalided home, with the rank of Lieutenant and a pension of three guineas  a month. He next worked in the  Um^d Stjatjes,_jo.n.Jthe Hudson tunnels  until the pain from his wound drove  him to the use of cocaine.  He was found a derelict by the  police, whom he is now helping in  their campaign against the drug  trade. The police declare that, after  investigation, they are convinced of  the truth of the man's story. They  are in the possession of pawnbroker's  tickets for medals bearing "Bos-  worth's" real name.  HOBTB HUMUS* IUBOS VOAXD  Tenderi for Boring*.  SEALED TENDERS will be received  by the undersigned at the Harbor Commissioners' Office, Eburne Station, B.  C. up to noon on May 8, for sinking  test holes in the North Arm of the  Fraser River between the commencement of the estuary at Point Grey and  the westerly boundary of South Vancouver.  Specifications can be seen and full  particulars obtained on application to  Messrs. Davis & Leslie, Harbor Engineers. 502-503 Duncan Building, Vancouver, after April 16.  The "Harbor Commisioners do not bind  themselves to accept the lowest or any  tender.  H. B. A. VOGEL.  1-12-26  Secretary.  The Water=Mobile  The first 3-passenger WATER-  MOBILE is rapidly nearing completion.  If you want to get in on this wonderful  invention at the present price of 25  cents per share, you must act quickly  as only a- few snares are to be had  before the advance.  THE  WATER-MOBILE  UNDERWRITERS  103   Carter-Cotton   Building  Vancouver, British Columbia  Mount Pleasant Uvery   i  TRANSFER;  Furniture and Piano Moving  Baggage, Express and Dray.   Hacks and Carriages  at all hours.  . . .      .    j  Phone Fairmont 04B  ::  Corner Broadway and Main A. F. McTavish, Prop.  ;  + ������M'I M I'M'I'M'11 111 I II I I I I M II 1 lit l |..| || || Mf M | Hi.|.|������.t������"  ���������l"l"l"t"."i".>4fr������x-*i":' ���������:-'  mm iiiii ii 11111111 im>������  1  Investor's Bulletin  .--j I A hand-book for successful  ^TflCK ^   investors and speculators, free  ^ *���������**%/���������%._������   on re(iueat.     Write for your  Bonds, Miaes  c������Py ^ay-  Cotton DONALD M. MacGREGOR  Graia Local      Mbr.   Vancouver  and  Seattle  Stock Exchanges.  I   Winch Beildtnq Pfcoae Seystour 8461  VANCOUVER CUT-RATE FRUIT and CANDY CO. ii  J N.Ellis. Mgr. 2452 Main St. Cor. BfMlWIjf :  MFruitsi;  m  Largest Stock of Confectionery Fruit & Tobacco od Billj \  PHONE Fairmont 638  Free delivery to any part of the city.  .*JhM-*.i.������.|.,h,i|,ii,,|..i.iiii..    4i.|.i|i.t,.|,itl.l..;i.l..|i,t,.|.,n,i|,,|���������|,,| i|.,1i������4.|i |n|  Just received a lai^e shipmeait of  (yCEDAR  .���������-���������...-.: ;   i'      ���������-..���������':"  Polishing Mop andO'Ceoaf  Furniture Polish  P  Makes Hard Work Easy!  USTJNG, cleaning and polishing hardwood flows is l>������rd. baetbfsak.  ins work. Ad Mount never ending task and seldom satisfactory tbe  d way.   Btitit;������e*nr. quick sctdsatisfector* tfcsBswww-iisiiMrtho CM>W  fjnifni   ilmott  IMTticU of  {���������also osad htfit. dnstine and claanlnf  of the tops of his������ fumitura, iMtwaca  ���������he bsnistere of the stairs and is so made  - tbat jrou can get to the far comer^; under  thebe4j.h4������>eethther������4iator and other  bard-to-fct'St-plaeee.  Try ������w������ OJCmin Poliyh Map for  1 Phone us your order.   We deliver  promptly.  W. R. Owen & Morrison  The Mt. Pleasant Hardware  Phone Fair. 447 2337 Main Street  I   NATIONAL CULTURE AND REFINEMENT   I  Can we measure the value of example in bettering the social, moral  and mental condition of home, civic or national life?  A living example is a powerful factor in leading up to culture and  refinement as a national asset. What more so than that of an artistically made home nestling among beautiful flowering plants; roses,  flowering and evergreen shrubbery; shade trees, all encompassed with  hedges of holly, laurel or privet.  Cultivate a habit to spend your time to make such a home, and  visit our Greenhouses and Nurseries; see our stock, and get expert advice from our capable and courteous employees, which will greatly aid  you in your effort. Our stock was never better, larger or of greater  variety. In our stock of over (100,000 we have everything that culture  and refinement demands to make a home a credit to the owners and  pleasing and interesting to the community.  Catalogues mailed free on application.  Royal Nurseries, Limited  Of flea���������710  Dominion Bid*-, 907 masting*  St. W.  Phone Seymour 5E5S.  STOBE���������3410  Granville St.    Phone Bayview  1926.  Greenhouses and Nurseries at Royal on B. C. Electric Railway,  Eburne Line, about two miles south of the City limits.  Phone���������Cborne 43.  .M^^5^M~>>4mJ~m-h^:.~h-+������^^ ���������aaap  ���������(  THE  WJSSTE&N  CALL  Friday. May 8,1914  Address by Dr. McKim=-Why We Are Protestants  (Continued from Page 3)  is that in the seventeenth century the same controversy convulsed the    Roman   Church, maintained by the Jansenists on the one side and the  Jesuits on the other, with a biterness certainly  never surpassed by  Protestants.    It continued  from 1640 to 1713, a period of seventy-three years.  Why, we cannot help asking, did not the learned  Vicar-General Preston read up a little about all  this history?   It is true that when a decision   is  reached, the opposition submits.    But such submission is no proof of unity.    The bish.ps who  denounced, with so much vehemence, the dogma  of papal infallibility at the Vatican Council in  1870, submitted; because the Church of Rome is  an absolute spiritual despotism.   We Protestants  prefer   liberty   of   conscience   and   liberty   of  thought, even at the cost of external uniformity  (Applause.)  Rome's Boasted Unity a Sham --  But observe, my friends, that after all, unity is  not secured in the Church of Rome. They tell us  private judgment is a false and dangerous guide.  They reproach us with our divisions. But it may  be safely affirmed that there is more unity and  agreement among the leading Protestant churches  on this platform this afternoon than there is in  the Roman Catholic Church throughout the world.  (Applause.) Its boasted unity is a sham and a  delusion; it is nominal rather than real, external  rather than vital.  So, too, with the interpretation of Scripture.  Her highest dignitaries contradict one another in  their interpretations of the Bible. Thus, two  popes of Rome declared it to be so indispensable  for infants to receive communion that those infants who die without receiving communion go  straight to hell. And yet the Council of Trent,  whose decrees Pope Pius IV. proclaimed and  bound upon the whole church, anathematized this  doctrine. Ah! they do not agree, then. What did  .those Fathers of Trent mean, to anathematize a  ��������� doctrine of one of teh popes? Were they modernists three centuries ahead of time? Take another  instance, Pope Pelagius declared the invocation  of the Trinity necessary to the validity of bapt-  /_, ism (A.D. 555-560); but another Pope, Nicholas  I, assured the Bulgarians that baptism in the name  of Christ alone was sufficient. Celestine III. declared the marriage tie dissolved if either party  became heretical. Innocent III. annulled this decision, and Adrian VI. called Celestine a heretic  for giving it. And upon so vital a doctrine as the  divinity of Christ, Liberius, ;one of the early  bishops of Rome, was himself heretical. Yes, one  of their infallible popes, upon whose interpretations of Scripture the whole world of scholars and  theologians is bidden to wait, actually subscribed  an Arian creed, though Arianism is by that very  church denounced as a most dangerous heresy.  Such facts as these are not exactly suggestive of  unity, consistency, or truth, are they! Applause.)  Testimony of the Fathers on the Sufficieny of the  Scriptures  I have said that we are Protestants because  we build our faith solely upon the revelation of  God in Holy Scripture. Let me say that iix taking  this position we stand side by side with the primitive Fathers of the Church. If there is anything  that can be established from the writings of the  Fathers, it is that they held the Bible to be the  full and perfect rule of faith, that it contains the  "whole word of God, and that what is outside of  it need not be regarded- For example, St. Basil  says,"It is a most manifest fall from the faith to  introduce anything that is not written in the  Scriptures." He also says that "to detract from  Scripture, or to" add to the faith anything that is  not there, is most manifestly forbidden by the  ^apostles." 0 Paulist Fathers, take note of that!  Ton will get St. -Paul after you!   (Laughter.)  Another witness is St. Cyprian, who maintained that to find but what interpretations are  .genuine we should not take the words of the  popes of Rome, but search the Scriptures as the"  ^only trustworthy^recordof��������� apostolic tradition^-  (Good for St. Cyprian! say J.) And St; Jerome  says, "We accept those things that are written  (in the Bible), we reject those things that are not  written."  Bible Beading hy the Laity  > But then, we have not got out of our difficulties yet,���������O, no! We are told that it is dangerous  for the lay people to read the Bible in the vernacular, because they, cannot understand it. They  will inevitably err in seeking to understand it..  The Council of Trent says, "It is manifest by experience that if the Holy Bible in the vernacular  be suffered to be read everywhere without distinction, more evil than good arises." More evil  to whom?   (Applause.)  The Council goes on to say that permisison  may be granted to read translations of the Scriptures made by Catholic prelates, to those whom  they understand are able to receive no harm  from such reading." (Of course if you can persuade the prelates that you will get no harm from  it, you may get a "dispensation"!) "But whosoever shall presume to read these Bibles or have  them in.their possession without such faculty,  shall not be capable of receiving absolution of  their sins unless they have first given up their  Bibles to the ordinary!" That does not agree  with Cardinal Gibbons's position, but it makes it  worse for Cardinal Gibbons. He is a big man,  but he is not so big as the Council of Trent.  Now, where do the Fathers of the primitive  ���������church stands on this question as regards reading of the Bible by the lay people? I answer, the  ancient Fathers did not fear that the people  would discover contradictions between the Bible  and their teaching- They never desired to teaeh  anything that was not in the Bible. St. Chry-  sostom says, "All things are plain and simple in  Holy Scriptures; all things necessary are evident." "The" apostles and prophets have made  all things proceeding from them plain and simple  to all, in order that each person, .even by himself,  may be able to learn what is said from the mere  reading of it;" and St. Augustine says, "God  hath made the Scripture to stoop to the capacity  of babes and sucklings;" and again St. Chrysos-  tom, "Great is the precipice and deep i,ne gulf  that opens before ignorance of the Scriptures.  It is downright abandonment of salvation to be  ignorant of divine laws. It is this that has caused  heresies; it is this that has led to profligate living; it is this that has turned things upside down;  for it is impossible for any one to come off without'profit who constantly-enjoys such reading,  with intelligence."  Of course we do not pretend that plain and  unlearned people can understand everything in  the Bible. We ministers do not pretend to do  that ourselves, the most learned of us; but we do  claim that the things which are necessary to  salvation, the things necessary to guide one  through this world unto a better world beyond,  ���������these things are so plain that ^he may run that  readeth" in the Holy Scriptures. "The wayfaring men, though fools, shall not err therein. (Applause.)  Nevertheless, we are told that the Protestant  principle of the interpretation of the Bible leads  to endless variations and confusion in regard to  its doctrines. The Church of Rome, on the contrary, they tell us, teaches one and the same  doctrine in all parts of the world, and in all ages  of .the world.  The Variations of Romanism  Well, to my feeble understanding, it really appears that no other church in Christendom has  varied so much in the' doctrines it has taught  throughout the ages as the Church of Rome. She  has added article after article to her fatith- The  Creed of Pius IV, A.D. 1564, contains twelve  new articles of faith bound upon the church.  Among these were the doctrines of tradition, the  seven sacraments, the mass, purgatory, invocation and veneration of saints, image veneration,  and indulgences.  Again, in 1854 she added a new article of faith,  ���������the immaculate conception of the blessed Virgin ; and in 1870 she imposed upon the church the  awful and tremendous doctrine of the infallibility of the Pope.  Now let me give you a striking example of the  variations of doctrine in the Roman Church.  That famous orator and eontroversalist, Bossuet,  wrote a book to prove that Protestantism is false  because Protestants disagree among themselves,  and Romanism is true because its doctrine is  always the same and its children never disagree.  Now Bossuet was the terror of Protestant, and  the most trusted champion of his church. He  was called the "Eagle of Meaux." No writer  of his age in the Roman Church was more illustrious than he. But; mark you, he fought not  only against the Protestants, but against the  theory of the infallibility of the Pope. What  was the result? He is treated by the dominant  Roman Catholic school today as no better than a  Protestant. He is classed with aliens and heretics by no less a man than Cardinal Manning  himself. Another of their popular writers goes  so far as to class the great Bossuet with devil  worshippers because of his opposition to the doctrine of the infallibility of the Pope.   (Applause.)  Ah! that was dangerous- He did not know  what would be the result. Poor man! What a  fall! It is almost equal to Lucifer's fail. He is  no better than a Protestant; yes, fit only to company with devil worshippers. Just think of it!  Can you say anything worse of a man than that?  Think of it! A man may find himself among  devil worshippers, worse than the swine of Gad-  ara, just because he opposes the infallibility of  the Pope. Poor Bossuet, with all his eloquence  and learning, did not escape. This is, I think, a  most, instructive example of the uncertainty and  the shifting character of the doctrines of the  Church of Rome.  My dear friends, the doctrine of the Church of  Rome, her creed, is different today from what it  was before Pope Pius IX became Pope. In the  middle of the last century, forty-three years ago,  it was not an article of faith that the Pope is in-  ^faliibier"-Today-it^is^-Sixty-three years^ago it-  was not an article of faith that the Virgin was  born without sin.   Today it ,is.  Now let me give an amusing example of the  uncertainty in which the Romanist finds himself  in regard to the doctrine that he is required to  believe. Keenan's Cathechism was published  with the approval of theScotch Roman Catholic bishops, and also recommended by the Irish  bishops. This catechism contains the following  question and answer:  "Qusetion.���������Must not a Catholic believe the  Pope in himself to be infallible?  "Answer.���������This is a Protestant invention- It  is no article of the Catholic faith."  This was before the year 1870. After the year  1870 the catechism was republished, but this  question and answer had disappeared. So you see  how they agree!   (Applause:)  The Privilege of Peter  Well, I would like to say something about  what the Roman theologians call "the privilege  of Peter," and the alleged transmission of the  same to his successors, the Roman pontiffs. His  Holiness Leo XIII declared: (By the way, I  wrote him a letter,* a long letter, some years ago,  and he never answered it.) (Long continued applause.) "It cannot be doubted from Holy Writ  that the holy church rests on St. Peter as the  building on the foundation." But where in Holy  Writ is there any such statement When our  Lord said, '' Upon this rock I will " build my  church," can we possibly believe that he referred to St. Peter, in face of the fact that in the  Old Testament the title of Rock is reserved to  God the Father, and in the New Testament to  Christ himself? To do so, would be to contradict the solemn declaration of the holy apostle  Paul when he wrote, "Other foundation can no  man lay than that is laid, which is Jesus Chrits."  Should we not rather interpret this as St. Chry-  sostom does, and as other ancient Fathers do,  "Ppon this rock I will build my church," that  is, on the faith of his confession, namely, "Thou  art the Christ, the Son of the living God"? To  build on that faith is to. build on Christ. Now, is  it not remarkable that in all the records of the  New Testament there is no reference whatever  to this alleged function of St. Peter as the head  and ruler of the church? He was a great man, a  glorious leader- He opened the way for the faith  to the Gentile world. He was a splendid apostle,  but he never discovered that he was the infallible  head of the church. ' (Laughter.) He never  found it out, and nobody else seems to have discovered it. St. Paul, so far from finding it out,  did not rebuke him to his face on a certain occasion when he acted inconsistently.  Moreover, is it not remarkable that of all the  Fathers who interpret the passage just quoted,  "And upon this, rock I will build my church,",  not a single one applies it to the Roman bishops  as successors of St. Peter? Origen, Chrysostom,  Hilary, Augustine, Cyril, Theodoret, and others  have commented upon these words, but "not one  of them has explained the rock or foundation on  which Christ would build his church, of the office  given to Peter to be transmitted to his successors."  The "Unanimous Consent" Principle  Now, here comes a very interesting thing. The  Creed of Pius IV binds every good Catholic not to  interpret the Holy Scripture except "according  to the unanimous consent of the ancient Fathers;"  and if one does so, he is anathema. Now, how do  the ancient Fathers interpret this passage? I~  shall not answer the question myself. I am going  to take refuge again behind a great Roman Catholic theologian. I like to do that; then I am safe,  as far as the argument is concerned. I refer to  the Rt. Rev. Dr- Kenrick, Archbishop of St. Louis.  He was one of the prelates who was opposed to  the infallibility of the Pope at the Vatican Council and prepared a speech for the council. Now,  in his speech he stated that he had examined  eighty-five of the Fathers who commented on this  passage, "Upon this rock I will build my  church;" and he saysthat forty-four out of the  eighty four interpreted the rock to mean, not  Peter, but the confession that Peter made of the  divinity of Christ; and among these forty-four^  was one of the infallible popes, Leo the Great;  while only seventen held that Peter was the rock.  Forty-four held that he was not the rock, but that  the faith he confessed was the rock. He also says,  "If we are to follow the greater number of the  Fathers in the iterpretation.of this passage, then  we are bound to hold it certain that the rock is  not Peter, but the faith that Peter confessed; and  second, that no argument, or at least no probable  argument, can be derived from the promise to  Peter, 'Upon this rock I will build my church.' "  Now, just see how it stands. We unfortunate  Protestants catch the anathema whichever way  we decide*. If we deny the infallibility of the  Pope, we are anathema. If we accept it; we are  anathema by the decree of Pope Pius IV, who re-  quires us never to interpret the Scriptures except according to the unanimous consent of the  Fathers.   So there we are 1  PAPAL mFiUXJBlXITY  And now a further word as to this great, tremendous, awfully tremendous doctrine/ It asserts that the whole Christian world is bound to  believe "that the Roman pontiff, when he speaks  ex-Cathedra .. ��������� ��������� ��������� is possessed of that infallibility with which the divine Redeemer willed  that His church should be endowed for defining  doctrine regarding faith and morals-'' Now, when  this dogma is brought to the impartial bar of history, it completely breaks down. No wonder  Cardinal John H. Newman was so sad at heart  in the anticipation of its promulgation.  He wrote Bishop Ullathorne that "it would  be most difficult to maintain logically in the face  of historical facts." "If," said he, "it is God's  will that the, Pope's infallibility be defined, then  is it God's will to throw back the times and moments of that triumph which he has destined, for  his kingdom, and I shall feel I have but to bow  my head to his adorable, inscrutable providence."  Poor Newman! In the language of Bishop Stross-  mayer, "History cannot be made over again. It  is there, and will remain to all eternity to protest  energetically agaistthe dogma of papal infalii--  bility." I shall not characterize this blasphemous doctrine in language of my own, but I shall  quote the language of an illustrious and holy  Pope, Gregory the Great, who said, "I confidently  say that whoever doth call himself universal bishop, or desires to have himself so called, is the  forerunner of Antichrist, because he proudly doth  set himself before the rest."  What would Pope Gregory say to the titles  now assumed by his successors,���������Vicegerent of  God, Vice God, the Vicar of Christ,���������all of whose  teachings should be received as if they were the  Lord's, and whom the whole episcopates must be  subject to, on pain of being considered "a lawless  and disorderly crowd?"  But now, I am going to ask you this: Suppose you could be persuaded���������against Scripture,  against reason, against history, against conscience  ���������to bow to the dogma of papal infallibility,  wherein would you be benefited? Would you  have secured absolute certainty of religious belief? Just as well count the cost before you take  a big jump like that. Will you get certainty of  belief if you do? I say, No; for the question now  is, When does the Pope speak ex cathedra? (I  have not a chair here big enough to illustrate ex  cathedra.) Ah, who is to decide? and until such  decision is authoritatively given, how can we be  sure that we have in reality grasped the certainty  that any particular doctrine is really built upon  infallibility? Take the famous Syllabus of Pius,  IX in 1864. This document contains a catalogue  of eighty errors which Pius IX formally condemned. Now here is a big question: Is that  Syllabus an ex cathedra utterance, and hence infallible? That is what I want to know. Well,  here comes Cardinal Manning, who strongly affirms that it certainly is infallible, the whole of it.  Here, on the other hand, comes also Cardinal  Newman, who held a contrary opinion, and says:  "No; it is not infallible." Now, who is right?  Who is to decide? Each man for himself? Then  you are building on private judgment. Just think  of that! Infallibility resting on private judg-,  ment! Or is each man's confessor to decide for  him? In that case, infallibility still rests on private judgment, that of a priest instead of a lay  man.   Meanwhile what grave issues are left suspended in mid-air? ; t  American citizens, listen to this:   If Manning ���������  was right, then religious liberty is ai detestable  error, which good Romanists are bound to abhor.  Ii Newman was right, then you" may say Amen to  that fine panegyric pronounced last Sunday by  Cardinal Gibbons on religious liberty.   In short,  the old uncertainty as to wher������ infallibility reposes has simply given place to uncertainty :.a ^.  new form:   When is this infallible voice   hcai\l '.-  How may it be recognized?   On this question; certainty is unattainable, and the Romanist is unspeakably worse off than his poor Protestant.  neighbor, who builds his faith oh the infallible J  voice that speaks in Holy Scripture  Rome and Magna Charta  Take another question.   A devout and obed-,  ient member of the Roman communion desires  to know whether the principles of liberty as em-i  bodied in that famous instrument, the Magna]  Charta, are in harmony with his faith and with  his church.   He hears from his clergy in America]  words of approval and praise for free institutions, and naturally concludes that his church is  in sympathy with popular liberty as embodied  in the great. English and American political inn  struments.   But suppose he chances to read thf  history of the reign of King John, and so learn/I  that Pope Innocent III declared Magna Chart's  null and void, excommunicated the barons wh<  extorted it from the tyrant, and forbade King  John to give it effect in his dominions.   Suppos������j  he reads further and finds that when Stephei  Langton, the then Archbishop of Canterbury, rel  fused to execute this bull, and stood forth as th|  champion of the rights and liberties of the Eng  lish people against the despotism of King Johi.  the Pope suspended him from his archepiscopal oi  fice, and drove him into exile.   Is it not shamefu  that the venerable Cardinal Gibbons should pr^  tend that the Roman Catholic Church deserve  the glory of Magna Charta?   Could there be  more barefaced perversion of history?  Now, fellow citizens, in the face of these wei  known historical facts, Cardinal Gibbons, lasi  Sunday, actually claimed for the Roman Catholil  .Church the glory of the Magna Charta. BuA  surely the Pope was the head of the church. HiJ  voice was the voice of the church. His act wal  the act of the church. Therefore every good Cathl  olic is bound to believe that the church wa|  against constitutional freedom as asserted in th*j  Magna Charta. Is Cardinal Gibons becoming 1  Modernist? or has he forgotten his history? (Ap|  plause.)  What an ignis fatuus, then, is this doctrine o]  the infallibility of the Pope! and how vain is thl  hope that in submitting to it, men secure abso]  lute certainty of belief! No sooner had it beelj  declared than the line of cleavage began to da  velop between the maximizers, like Ward anl  Manning, and the minimizers, like Cardinal JohJ  H. Newman. This same wide difference of intef  pretation prevails in the Roman Catholic Churc  today in regard to various doctrines and pr������  tices of their faith.  A Concrete Example of Lack of Unity  As regards the hollowness of the alleged unit  and harmony in the Roman Catholic Church, e_  better illustration can be given than is found i|  the picture of the life of the Roman hierarchy ij  England, so vividly drawn by Mr. Purcell in hi  "Life of Cardinal Manning:" It is a tissue <[  controversies arid jealousies, of mining and coui  termining, between .the different factions in th,  Roman eommunion.. The members of the hie]  archy are seen in constant conflict and intrigi  They agree neither in opinions'nor in polick.  and first one, then another, of the bishops h������  him to Rome, hoping to undermine the influeno.  and credit of his brother prelate with the HoM  Father. It is a mournful spectacle of the absenq  of unity of spirit. Purcell remarks that "seconl  only to his belief in the infallibility of the Poj  ��������� ';,������������������ ��������� was Manning's belief in the duty  keeping up, at every hazard, the appearances  unity among Catholics." But thejntestine strli  eould xM be wholly^ conc^led; lanU this" wmarl  able book has drawn aside the veil and show]  us the bitterness and discord which have pr<L  vailed in the Roman communion. So vain is thl  boast of unity of spirit and identity of belief  among Roman Catholics.  Spiritual Bondage and Purgatory  There is another reason for our attitude  Protestants which I must not omit, though I mus,  treat it very briefly indeed.   We are Protestant]  because we cannot give up our spiritual" libert^  "Stand fast, therfore," cries St. Paul to the GaJ  atians, "'in the liberty wherewith Christ hat  made us free, and be not entangled again with tl  yoke of bondage.'"  The Church of Rome would subject us to til  bondage of a priesthood from whose lips alone v|  can receive absolution for our sins.   She puts tf  priest between us and Christ.   We read in Hoi  Scripture that Christ has taken away every ba  rier, and that we have boldness to go direct  God without anpr mediator,���������yes, "boldness to  ter into the holiest by the blood of Jesus."  But the Church of Rome tells we'must go to tl  priest, who sits in the tribunal of penance, an  kneeling before him, confess all our mortal snj  whispering them into his ear; then he wil give  absolution, saying, "I absolve thee." And  pronounces his as a judicial act, whereby pardJ  is conveyed as by a judge.  This done, you are restored to your baptist  purity, and you are released from eternal punisj  ment.    But you have still to. endure tempoi  punishment for your sins, in this life, if it sh|  be long enough; if not, then in purgatory.   Thj  however, you may shorten by masses, by ali  fasts, pilgrmages, penances, prescribed   by   til  priest, your judge^   Now this purgatorical fire A  the next world, remember, is for the pious, f^  Christians, for men truly penitent for their sii  It is a punishment, however, which the Pope h\  the power to remit.   He holds the keys of tl  church's treasury of superabundant merits,  is, in fact, the dispenser of the merits of Chriq  and he could, they tell us, "empty purgatoryH  one stroke."   So, then, if you are rich, and lea's  (Centfnattf on Page 7) ^HS cyJy \x?s"y.  \   'A- l."*<yiVV -- -������������������  c . .<     -1     O   <��������� ������.   "      r. ^l  Friday, May 8, 1914  THE WESTERN CALL  Address by Dr. McKim==="Why We Are Protestants"  (Continued  behind you, when you die, besides your money, af-  1' fectionate relatives who are willing to spend your  i money for masses on your account you may hope  ' that your term of suffering in purgatory will, be  If shortened.:   But if you are poor, your only recourse is to join a "Purgatorian Society," in  m which, by ia small weekly payment, a sum may be  accumulated which may be put to your account  in the spiritual bank of purgatory, the key of  ! which is kept by the priests.  Now, if this be true,- then the atonement of  | our Lord and Saviour Jesus Christ was not sufficient to take away sin.   It must be supplemented  f^by purgatorial fires.   Then all those precious assurances of forgiveness and redemption in His  blood, of adoption into the family of God, and  , of obtaining a joint inheritance with Christ, are  J to be made void; and we are to turn away from  the cleansing blood of Christ to the cleansing fife  of purgatory.    Our Saviour said to the dying  thief, "Today shalt thou be with me in paradise;"  [but according to this interpretation he must have  [meant, Today shalt thou be with me in purgatory.  fAnd when St. Paul expressed a desire "to depart,  Jand be with Christ; which is far better," he must  Shave meant av desire to depart, and be in purga-  |tory!  Liberty in Christ  I 0, my brethren, if there were no other reason  [for refusing to surrender to the Church of Rome,  this would be all sufficient. We are Protestants  Ibecause we ref use "to barter away our liberty in  Christ for such miserable bondage as' this. (Applause.)  We hear the voice of-the omnipotent and compassionate Redeemer saying in tones of infinite  lenderness and sympathy, "Come unto me,*all ye  that labor and are heavy laden, and I will give  >ou rest" And shall we turn away from him  ind go into that soul trap, the confessional box,  ind ask one of their priests to give us rest?  The Protestant churches point to Jesus Christ  [ind say to penitent men, "Behold the Lamb of  JGod, which taketh away the sin of the world."  ["Believe in the Lord Jesus Christ, and thou shalt  Ibe saved." "The Spirit and the bride say, Come.  [And let him that heareth say, Come. And let him.  [that is athirst come. And whosoever will, let  [him take of the water of- life freely." And our  [souls reply:. %    '  "Just as I am, without one plea  But that thy blood was shed for me,  And that thou bid'st me come to thee,  0, Lamb of God, I come, I come."  The Pope's Dominion in America Rejected  And now, in conclusion, I give one more reason why we are Protestants.   We are Protestants  because we love our country. (Long continued  kpplause.) We v cannot contemplate with equan-  fimity the possibility that this land of the free and  [home of the brave should be brought under the  dominion of the supreme pontiff who rules the  toman Catholic Church.  "Absolute obedience, it is boldly declared, is  ���������due"to the Pope, at the peril of salvation,'" says  |Mr.������������������Gladstone, "not alone in faith, in morals, but  [in all things .whieh concern the discipline and  [government of the church. Thus are swept into  [the papal net whole multitudes of facts, whole  [systems of government, prevailing . ... .< in  -every country of the world. Even in the United  Ptates, where the severance between church and  lstate is supposed to be complete, a long catalogue  [might be drawn of subjects belonging to the do-  Imain and competency of the state, but also undeniably affecting the government of the church;  [such as, by way of example, marriage, burial,  [education, prison discipline, blasphemy, poor re-  llie'f, . . ��������� religious endowments, vows of celibacy, and obedience."���������"The Vatican Decrees,"  [page 30.  I, Pope Pius IX solemnly condemned free speech,  [a free press, toleration of nonconformity, liberty  lof conscience- Heclaimed the right to use physi-  Ical-force,-and pro^  Ithe Middle Ages, who deposed princes and laid  | kingdoms under interdict, and excommunicated  Jmonarchs who offended them, did not exceed  their powers.  Jy Do we want our beloved country subjected to  1 the yoke of a pontiff who is thus'at war with  (progress and liberty,"and who claims a universal  dominion over the consciences of mankind?  But I shall probably be told that the most illus-s  jtrious Roman Catholic prelate in America has  [just delivered a sermon in the Baltimore cathed-  Vral, in which he vehemently rejected the idea of  [any union of church and state in America, and  [pronounced a noble panegyric on civil and relig-  Jious liberty, which, he said, the church ever heart-  lily supports,  |     Well, my friends, our answer to that is that we  [wish--, the dear Cardinal Gibbons Godspeed, and  [hope he will suceeeed in converting his church  [to that view; but Cardinal Gibbons is not the  [pope, and when he contradicts the Pope, as he  lid in that sermon, his words, in the last analysis, really count for nothing.   It is -he infallible  and absolute monarch sitting on his throne on  ithe Seven Hills whose decrees govern the mind  Jind the conscience of Romanists.    Not ail the  pardinals in the church can nullify the decrees  J)i Pius IX and Leo XIII and Pius X anathematizing those who maintain that church and state  should be separated, and condemning free speech,  free press, religious toleration, liberty of conscience.   Could anything be more absolutely contrary to fact than the assertion that the Church  of Rome has been the friend and .supporter of  ���������3ivil and religious liberty?    Does His Eminence  [the Cardinal think that we have forgotten all  [the history we ever read?  The "Lying Constitution."  Now here is an illustration that has just come  j up on this subject, whieh I think is quite instructive. This I note from the Protestant Magazine,  : which reproduces an editorial article contained  | in the Morning Star, "'the official organ" of the  Archbishop of New Orleans. This writer attacks  'Archbishop Ireland very sharply because_ he  , maintained, at a recent meeting of the American  Federation of Catholic Societies, the doctrine of  the  separation  of  chureh  and  state.    He  says  (Aug. 16, 1913):���������   .  "It is sad to note that their Graces of Du-  from Page 6)  I buque and St. Paul bave so far forgotten the encyclical Longinque oceani as to seek that cheap  glory which is evidently the subject of their addresses at the convention, when advancing years  ought to warn them that they are nearing that  world where, thank God, there are no Stars and  Stripes and no lying Constitution to receive the  adulations which involve a dangerously- close kinship with heresy." ^ V  Referring again to the principle which Archbishop Ireland had enunciated, this writer further  states:���������'��������� ~ ��������� , ���������''������������������;  ���������--.\ Now that this is false, and he knows it, but  talks as if he didn't for the cheap applause of  brainless patriots whose allegiance to Christ and  his universal kingdom must be limited and circumscribed, and all but destroyed by their idiotically childish adherence to a scheme of government founded on the sophisms of Jean Jacques  Rosseau and his school- The archbishop knows  that our wonderful Declaration of Independence,  the work of Thomas Jefferson, deist or agnostic,  according to the fashion of the eighteenth century, is nothing but a rehash of the Contrat  Social, and differs but litttle from the famous  Declaration des Droits de 1'Homme, which was  so soon to follow it in France."  (Since this address was delivered, we are informed  that ln a subsequent issue of the paper the editorial  quoted above, was repudiated, and the statement made  that it was written by. the sub-editor during the illness of  the editor-in-chief, and that the former was dismissed for  his offense in writing the said editorial. Two questions  arise upon these facts: (1) Is this only an Instance of the  sharp difference of opinion in the Boman Church? or (2)  Is there an exoteric doctrine (that represented by the  corrected editorial) for the general public, and an esoteric  doctrine (that expressed by the sub-editor) which represents the real sentiments of the hierarchy. >  Indictment of the Roman Priesthood-  Now, my friends, what are the facts that confront us in the United States today in reference  to the attitude of the Roman Catholic Church?  Let me recite some of the doings of the priesthood  and the hierarchy, and especially of "that insolent and aggressive faction," as Cardinal Newman called the Jesuits:���������  They are using the ballot as a club to intimidate our politicians.  They , are using the boycott to punish merchants or any other class of business men who  offend them. ;   ���������/   '  They have recently boycotted a great newspaper in this city, and, it is said, have brought  its owner to his knees. "  They interfere with bur public libraries, and  often successfully demand the exclusion of books  "Vwhieh they choose to consider contrary to the interest of their church.  Though they wield almost despotic power over  their people yet Roman Catholic mobs have frequently attacked without rebuke Protestant lecturers who dare to speak out against Rome.  (Such cases of mob violence have occurred within  four months in Kentucky, in Ohio, in Iowa, and  in Pennsylvania.)  They have in many JStates driven the Bible  out of our public schools.^  They are the open enemies of our American  publie schools, denouncing them as Godless.  They profess never to grant a divorce, and yet  in numerous cases they have declared lawful  marriages null and void, and bave separated husbands and wives, and parents and children.  Professing that they are the supreme guardians of the purity of the family, they corrupt its  purity by granting dispensations for marriages  between a man and his niece, an abominable  union,1- regarded with abhorrence by the ancient.  Romans, pagans though they were.  Thus the Church of Rome is this day abridging the liberties of Americans in various ways  and among many classes of our people. By the  absolute control which she exercises, over many  thousands of her adherents, she is establishing  a tyranny over increasing numbers of our citizens.-  I ask you, then, my fellow citizens, Is it not  ^time.forLalLProte^  for the secui'ity of our liberties, for the preservation of the heritage of personal freedom,���������  freedom of conscience, and freedom of speech,  and freedom of action, which we received from  our forefathers? Colonial America was Protestant, overwhelmingly Protestant, and the statesmen and patriots of the Revolution were also  overwhelmingly Protestant, though there were  many Roman Catholics who nobly and bravely  labored and suffered and fought with them.  But the ideas which gave birth to the Revolution were the offspring of the Protestant Reformation. The principles which lay at the root of  the American Constitution were born of that same  Reformsition. And it behooves us, whose ancestors pledged their lives, their fortunes, and their  sacred honor for American independence, to  guard those principles from every open and secret  assault.  In view of this catalogue of things that are going on among us, I ask, Is it not a fact that pur  liberties are abridged, that an ecclesiastical tyranny does already in fact exist in our midst?  An Appeal for United Action  What then?���������Why, this; the great Protestant  communions must realize the seriousness of the  crisis that is upon us. (Applause.) They must  make comon cause against this insidious menace  to our Constitution and to our liberties. They  must come out into the open and stand together  in solid phalanx against all these invasions of  personal liberty; not in anger, not in bitterness,  not with violence of speech or violence of action,  but calmly, resolutely, with invincible determination that the principles of our Constitution shall  be preserved inviolate, and that our citizens shall  enjoy absolute liberty of speech and action, shall  be free to act, to vote, and to carry on their worldly affairs without any interference, directly or  indirectly, from the priesthood.    (Applause.)  My friends and brethren, this unity, this Protestant unity of action that I have alluded to, is  coming. I hear the sound of its advancing footsteps. I hear afar off the tramp, as of a mighty  army marching to the Battle Hymn of the Republic. It is an army of peace. Its weapons are not  carnal, but spiritual. By the force of reason, by  the power of an enlightened public opinion, it  will win its' victories. Its voice will be the voice  of the many millions of Protestant citizens, the  great majority of our people, and it will command respect, it will constrain to obedience. And  this will be the tenor of its speech to our Roman  Catholic fellow citizens:���������  "In the name of the great republic we charge  you, Remember that you, as well as we, owe  obedience to the laws and the Constitution of this  land, hot in letter only, but in spirit. Remember  that Only fey moral and spiritual force ought you  (or any other religionists) to seek to propogate  your religion. Becontent with the liberty to profess and practice and propagate your religion,  without meddling in politics, without attempting  to coerce or intimidate free American citizens,  without using the boycott or the bludgeon, to  accomplish your ends; in short, to propagate your  religion wholly by rational and spiritual means-  "In other words, be content to be a spiritual  and not a politico-religious organization; and  beware that you make no attempt, direct or indirect, to tamper with the sacred principles of our  Constitution. Then there will be peace between  us, and we can live arid labor together for the  honor and the glory of our common country."  (Applause.) "  PROFIT AND LOSS.  How many a man, from love of pelf,  To stuff his coffers, starves himself;  Labors, accumulates and spares,0  To lay up ruin for his heirs;  Grudges the poor their scanty dole;  Saves everything, except his soul;  And always anxious, always vexed,  Loses both this world and the next.  ; MAXIMS.  "Men fail most not in what they feel, but in,  how they express themselves."  "The higher we rise.in the scale, the more dependent we are on one another."  1000 BARS CLOSED TESOUGH WOMEN  Chicago, April 8.���������Women voting for the first  time in Illinois township elections yesterday,  aided in closing more than a thousand saloons,  adding 16 counties to\the 30 already dry, and  barring the sale of intoxicants in approximately  200 of the 300 townships in which local option  was an Issue. Their victory included eleven cities  which previously were wet.   LAND ACT NOTICES  XiABD AOT.  VAXCOUTSB XiABD  BXSTBXCT  District of Coast Banff* 1.  TAKE NOTICE that Ada M. Bever-  ldge, of Vancouver; occupation, married  woman; Intends to apply for permission to purchase, tho following described lands:���������  Commencing at a post planted about  4 miles distant and in a North-westerly  direction from the Northwest : corner  of Lot 425, commencing at a post ln  the Southwest corner, thence 80 chains  North; thence 80 chaina East; thence  80 chains South; thence 80 chains West,  to the point of commencement, containing 640 acres, more or less, for agricultural. ���������'-; ���������--,  Dated January 21st. 1914.     v  ADA M.  BEVERIDGE.  H. G. Adams, Agent.  USB ACT.  VAXCOUVEB X.ABD  BXSTBXCT  Distriot of Coast Bang* 1.  TAKE NOTICE that George Hamlyn,  of Vancouver; occupation, workingman;  Intends to apply for permission to purchase the following described lands:���������  Commencing at a post planted about  3 miles distant in a Northwest direction  from the Northwest'corner of Lot 425;  thence 40 chains West; thence 80 chains  South; thence 40 chains East; thence  80 chains North, to point of commencement, containing 320 acres, more or less,  for agricultural.  Dated January 21st, 1914.  0   ���������    ��������� ��������� ���������       GEORGE  HAMLYN,  H. G. Adams, Agent.  LAID ACT.  XiABD ACT.  VABOOfrVSB XiABB  DXSTBXCT  XHstrlot of Coast Banco 1.  TAKE NOTICE that Daniel Miller, of  Vancouver, occupation. Undertaker; Intends to apply for permission to purchase the following described  lands:���������  Commencing at a post planted about  1 mile and one-half distant and in a  Southerly direction from the Southeast  corner of Lot 542; commencing at a  post in the Southwest corner; thence 70  chains North; thence 80 chains East;  thence 40 chains South to beach; thenco  following the beach 80 chains in a  Westerly direction to the point of commencement, containing 420 acres, mora  or less, for agricultural.  Dated January 26th, 1914.  DANIEL  MILLER,  H. G. Adams, Agent.  '   ..XiABB-ACT. ���������.:'.���������������������������;;.'���������  &ABD AC*.  ���������ABCOVTSB XiABB BXSTBXOT  XHstrlot of Coaat Banc* I.  TAKE NOTICE that Thomaa Christie, of Vancouver; occupation. Lumbar-  man; intends to apply for permission to  purchase the following described  lands:���������  Commencing at a post planted about  40 chains distant and In a Southerly  direction from the Southweat corner of  T. L. 4479; commencing at a post in' tho  Southwest corner; thance 40 chains  I North; thence 80 chains East; thenca 40  chains South to beach; thanca following the beach in a Westerly direction  80 chains to point of commencement,  containing 320 acres, mora or lass, for  agricultural.  Dated January 29th, 1914.  THOMAS CHRISTIE.  H. G. Adams, Agent.  TABCOtTTSB  __*HD  DXSTBXCT  District of Coast Bang* l. ���������  TAKE NOTICE that Annie Brown, of  Vancouver; occupation, Widow; intends to apply for permission to purchase the following described lands:���������  ' Commencing at a post planted at tha  Southeast corner of Lot 542; commencing at a post in the Northeast cornier;  thence 80 chains South; thenca 80 chains  West; thence 80 chains North; thenca  80 chains East to the point of commencement, containing 640 acres, mora  or less, for agricultural.  Dated January 24th, 1914.   ".  ANNIE bBOWN,  H. G. Adams, Agent.  X-ftJTD ACT.  BABB ACT.  ���������AxrOomrsB babb bxstbxot  XHstrlot of Coast Bangs 1.  TAKE NOTICE that Edgar Lees, of  Vancouver; occupation,   logger;   intends  to apply for permission to purchase the  following described lands:���������  Commencing at a post planted at the  Southeast corner of T. L. 1122���������thence  80 chains West; thence 60 chains South;  thence 80 chains East; thence 60 chains  North to the point of commencement,  containing 400 acres, more, or less, for  agricultural.,,  Dated January 21st, 1914.        ,  EDGAR LEES,  H. G. Adams, Agent.  xjabd act.  TAWCOTfVB* XtABB DXSTBXCT    ,  District of Coast Baaga I.  TAKE NOTICE that Norval; E. Mallr  ahan, of Vancouver; occupation, advertiser;   intends  to  apply   for permission  to purchase the following lands:���������  Commencing at a' post planted at the  Southwest corner of Lot 426; thence 80  chains West; thence 80 chains South;  thence 80 chains East; thence 80 chains  North,1 to the point of "commencement,  containing- 640 acres, more or, less, for  agricultural.  Dated January 22nd, 1914.  NORVAL   E.   MALLAHAN,  H. G. Adams, Agent.  XtABD ACT.  VAXCOVVBB XtABB  DXSTBXCT  Distriot of Coast Bang* 1.  TAKE NOTICE that Bertha B. Lazier,  of Vancouver; occupation, married woman; intends to apply for permission  to purchase the following described  lands:���������  . Commencing at a post planted about  60 chains-distant-and -in1-an ^Easterly:  direction i.-om the Southeast corner of  T. L. 4479; commencing at a post in the  Southeast corner; thence 60 chains  West; thence 80 chains North; thence  80 chains East; thence 30 chains South  to the beach; thence following the  beach 50 chains in a South-westerly direction to the point of commencement,  containing 500 acres, more or less, for  agricultural.  Dated January 29th, 1914.  BERTHA B. LAZIER,  H.  G.  Adams, Agent.  VABCotnr&B babd dxstbxct  Distriot of Coast Bang* 1.  TAKE NOTICE that John Sline, of  Vancouver; occupation, Longshoreman;  intends to apply for permission to purchase  the following described  lands:���������  Commencing at a post planted about  1 mile distant and in a Southwest direction from the Southwest corner of  T. L. 41022; commencing at a. post in  the Southwest corner; thence 40 chains  North; thence 80 chains East; thence  80 chains South to the beach; thence  following the beach in a Northwest direction 80 chains or to point of com-  mencem nt, containing 450 acres, more  or less, for agricultural.  Dat d January 26th, 1914.  JOHN SLINE,  H. G. Adams, Agent.  lX XiABB A'CT.-;V,A  VABCOTTVXtB X.AXB DXSTBXCT  Distriot of coast Bang* I.  TAKE NOTICE that Hans Harold  Arthur Anderson, of Vancouver; occupation. Logger; intends to apply for  permission to purchase the following  described  lands:��������� ,  Commencing at a post planted about  60 chains distant and in a Southerly direction from the' Southwest corner of  Lot 424; commencing at a post in the  Northeast corner; thence 80 chains  South to the beach; thence along the  beach 80 chains West; thence along  the beach North 60 chains to a point directly West from the starting point;  tence 75 chains East to the point of  commencement, containing 480 acres,  more or less, for agricultural.  Dated January 23rd.  1914.  HANS     HAROLD    ARTHUR    ANDERSON.  H. G.  Adams, Agent.  XiABD ACT.  VABCOUVBB XtABB DXSTBXCT  Distriet of Coast Bangs I.  TAKE  NOTICE   that   Jasper   Nation,  of Vancouver;  occupation,  Hotelkeeper;  intends to apply for permission to purchase   the  following  described   lands :���������  Commencing "at a post planted at "the  Southeast corner of Lot 542; commencing at a post in the Northwest corner;  thence 80 chains East; thence 80 chains  South; thence 80 chains West; thence 80  chains    North    to   the   point    of    com-  encement,  containing  640 acres, more  or less, for agricultural.  Dated January 25th, 1914.  JASPER  NATION.  H. G.  Adams,  Agent.  X������ABD ACT.  VABCOtrVBB ZulBB BXSTBXOT  Distriot of Coast Bang* 1.  'TAKE NOTICE that Sidney Clifford  White, of Vancouver; occupation, Telegrapher; Intends to apply for permission to purchase the following de-  cribed lands:���������  Commencing at a post planted at the  Northwest  corner  of  Lot     426;     com-,  menclng at a post in the Southeast corner; thence 80 chains North; thenca 80  chains West;   thence  80  chains  South;  thence 80 chains East to the, point of  commencement,  containing    640    acres-  more or less, for agricultural.  Dated January 22nd. 1914.  SIDNEY CLIFFORD WHITE.  H. G. Adams, Agent.  XtABB ACT.  BABD ACT.  VABCOITVBB  XtABB  DXSTBXCT  ' Distriot of Coast Bang* 1.  ,'TAKE NOTICE that Jane Dodds, of  Vancouver; occupation, spinster; intends to apply for permission to purchase  the following  described   lands:���������  Commencing at a post planted about  one mile distant and in an Easterly  direction from the Southwest corner of  Lot 422; commencing at a post in the  Northwest corner; thence 80 chains  East; thence SO chains South; thence 80  chains West to beach; thence following the beach in a Northerly direction  80 chainB to the point of commencement,  containing 600 acres more or less, for  agricultural,  Dated  January  23rd,  1914.  JANE DODDS,  H.  G. Adams,  Agent.  XtABD  ACT.  ���������ABCOinrXB  X.AVD   DXSTBXCT  Distriet of Coast Bang* 1.  TAKE NOTICE that Rose Hamilton,  of Vancouver; occupation, widow; intends to apply for permission to purchase   the following  described   lands:���������  Commencing at a post planted* about  10 chains in a Westerly direction from  the Southwest corner of Lot 422; commencing at a post in the Northwest  corner; thence 80 chains East to beach  of Cohoe bay; thence following the  beach in a South and West direction to  the East entrance of Blunden Harbour;  thence in a North and Easterly direction to the point of commencement,  containing 480 acres, more or less, for  agricultural.  Dated January 23rd, 1914.  ROSE HAMILTON,  H.  G. Adams,  Agent.  VABCOtnrSB BABB BXSTBXCT  ' XHstrlot of coast Baag* I.  TAKE NOTICE that Samuel de Winter, of Vancouver; occupation. Telegrapher; intends to apply for permission  to purchase the following described  lands:���������-  Commencing at a post planted at tha  Northwest corner of Lot 426; thenca 40  chains North; thence 80 chains East;  thence 40 chains South; thence 80  Chains West to the point of commencement, contining 320 acres, mora or less,  for agricultural.  Dated January 22nd. 1914.  SAMUEL DE WINTER.  H.'G. Adams, Agent.  VAXCOITTXiB XiABB  DXSTBXCT  XHstrlct of Coast Bang* 1.  TAKE NOTICE that John Harold Al-  bertson, of Vancouver; occupation,  Logger; intends to apply for permission  to purchase the following described  lands:���������  Commencing at a post planted about  1 and a half miles distant and ln a  Southorly direction from the' Southwest  corner of Lot 424; commencing at a  post in the Southwest corner; thence 60  chains North; thence 80 chains East;  thence 70 chains South to beach: thence  following the beach 80 chains West to  the point of commencement, containing  520 acres, more or less, for agricultural.  Dated January 26tti. 1914.  JOHN   HAROLD   ALBERTSON.  H.  G.  Adams.  Agent.  XtABD ACT.  X.ABD ACT.  VABCOUVXB  Z.ABD   DXSTBXCT  District of Coast Baag* 1.  TAKE NOTICE that Fred C. Mock, of  Vancouver; occupation, broker; intends to apply for permission to purchase   the following described   lands:���������  Commencing at a post planted about 60  chains distant and in an Easterly direction from the Southeast corner of T.  L. 4479; commencing at a post in the  Northeast corner; thence 60 chains  West; thence 40 chains South to beach;  thence following the beach in a Northeast direction to the point of commencement," containing 200 acres, more or less,  for agricultural.  Dated January 29th, 1914.  FRED C.   MOCK,  H. G. Adams,  Agent.  VAXCOUVXB  XtABB  DXSTBXCT  XHstrlct of Coast Bang* 1.  TAKE NOTICE that John MacDon-  ald, of Vancouver; occupation, Railway  Clerk; intends to apply for permission  to purchase the following described  lands:���������  Commencing at a post planted about  40 chains distant and in a Westerly direction from the Southeast corner of T.  L. 4486; commencing at a post in "the  Northwest corner; thence 80 chains  East; thonce 80 chains South; thence 40  chains West to the beach; thence following the beach 40 chains in a Westerly  direction; thence North 80 chains to  the point of commencement, containing  500 acres, more or less, for agricultural.  Dated January 27th. 1914.  JOHN  MacDONALD.  H.  G.  Adams. Agent.  XtABD ACT.  VAKCOTTVEB   LAH9   DXSTBXCT  District of Coast Bangs 1.  TAKE NOTICE that Harrold A.  Rourke, of Vancouver; occupation,  Freight Clerk; intends to apply for permission to purchase the following described lands:���������  Commencing at a post planted about  40 chains distant and in an Easterly direction from the Southwest corner of  T. L. 41022; commencing at a post in  the Northwest corner; thence 80 chains  East; thence 80 chains South; thence 80  chains West; thence 80 chains North  to the point of commencement, containing 640 acres, more or less, for  agricultural.  Dated January 26th, 1914.  HARROLD  A-   ROURKE.  H. G.  Adams, Agent.  XtABB ACT.  VABOOtmBB XiABB BXSTBXOT  Distriet of coast Bans* I.  TAKE NOTICE that Sinclair A. Aich-  inleck, of Vancouver; occupation. Miner;  intends to apply for permision to purchase the  following  described  lands:���������  Commencing at a post planted about  4 miles distant in a Westerly direction  from the Northwest .corner of Lot 425;  commencing at a post in the Southeast  corner; thence 80 chains North; thence  80 chains West; thence 80 chains South;  thence 80 chains East to the point of  commencement, containing 640 acres,  more or.less, for agricultural.  Dated January 21st, 1914.  SINCLAIR A. AICHINLECK.  H. G. Adams, Agent  XiABB ACT.  VABOOtrVBK XiABB DXS'IBXCT  Distriet of coast Bangs 1.  TAKE NOTICE that James Veno, of  Vancouver; occupation, Cook; intends  to apply for permission to purchase tha  following  described   lands:���������  Commencing: at a post planted about  40 chains distant and in a Westerly direction from the Southwest corner of T.  L. 4487;, commencing at a post in the  Northwest corner; thence 80 chains  East; thence 60 chains South to beach;  thence following the beach in a Northwesterly direction 80 chains or to point  of commencement, containing 200  acres, more or less, for agricultural.  Dated January 28th, 1914.  JAMES VENO.  H.  G. Adams,  Agent  XiABD ACT.  VABCOVVSB  XtABD  DXSTBXCT  ,   District of coast Bangs 1.  TAKE NOTICE that Harry Washington Steele, of Vancouver; occupation.  Carpenter; intends to apply for permission to purchase the following described lands:���������  Commencing at a post planted about  1 mile distant and in a Southeast direction from the Southwest corner of  T. L. 4487; commencing at a post in the  Southwest corner; thence 60 chains  North; thence 80 chains East; thence 80  chains South; thence 60 chains in a  Northwest direction, or to the point of  commencement, containing 600 acres,  more or less, for agricultural.  Dated January 28th, 1914.  HARRY   WASHINGTON    STEELE.  H.  G.  Adams,  Agent.  X.ABD ACT.  ���������ABCOtrTBB  XtABD   BXSTBXCT  District of Coast Bang* 1.  TAKE NOTICE that William Seymour, of Vancouver; occupation. Logger; intends to apply for permission to  purchase the following described  lands:-r-  Commencing at a post plantod about  1 mile distant and in a Southerly direction from the Southwest corner of  T. L. 4483; commencing at a post in the  Southwest corner; thence 70 chains  North; thence 80 chains East; thence 80  chains South to" beach; thence following the beach in a Westerly direction  80 chains to the point of commencement, containing'560 acres, more or less,  for agricultural.  Dated January 29th. 1914.  WILLIAM SEYMOUR.  H.  G.  Adams,  Agent.  X.ABD  ACT.  VAXCOUVXB,  Xu&BD   DXSTBXCT  District of Coast Bang* 1.  TAKE NOTICE that Frank E. Taylor, of Vancouver; occupation. Broker;  intends to apply for permission to purchase   the  following  described   lands:���������  Commencing at a post planted at the  Northeast corner of T. L. 1144; thence  80 chains West; thence 80 chains North  to the beach: thence following the  beach in a South-easterly direction 80  chains or to the point of commencement, containing 260 acres, more or  less, for agricultural.  Dated January 21st. 1914.  FRANK E. TAYLOR.  H. G. Adams, Agent. ������51  WIUP  ^^^^Ss^^SSSSSSSsSSS^^SSs  8  THK  WESTERN  CALL  Friday. May 8; 1914  G. W. CARRUTHERS  The Broadway Tailor  232 Broadway, East, Mount Pleasant  Suits $35.00 always on hand  A full line of  Scotch Tweeds & Worsteds  Blues and Blacks.  $ "SAFETY FIRST" |  ��������� 'Haa been the watchword of The y  X Mutual from the day it was or- ������  .. ganized in 1869 up to the present *  ������������������ time. . f  * * Only those forms of investment X  .. consistent with the absolute ee- ���������������  . .  8. Mary the Virgin, 8outh Hill.  (Cor. Prince Albert St. and 52nd Ave.)  8:00 a.m.���������Holy Eucharist.  11:00 a.m.���������Matins and sermon.  ���������  ��������� ���������������������������������������������.  (Late celebration on 1st and 3rd  Sundays).  3:00 p.m.���������Children's Se.rvice (Third  Sunday). -  4:00 p.m., Holy Baptism (except  j Third Sunday).  '  7:30 p.m.���������Evensong and Sermon.  Vicar, Rev. Owen Bulkeley, A.K.C.  Sunday School and Bible. Classes  every Sunday (except third), afternoon, at 3 o'clock, in St. Mary's Parish Hall, also Men's Bible. Reading,  every Thursday evening at 8 o'clock.  ���������J"iV*i,*$4^4}t^t^4^.$������$M$44J4^M5i4J4^M5M!MJw54^W������4*J������$^  * ��������� curity of policyholders have been v  '.' adoDted. X  lopted. A  The reBult is an institution that f  is among the most stable in the y  Canadian Financial World. %  Business in force over $87,000,000 '������  Assets over.  22,000,000 *  Surplus over   .   3,800,000 f  I The Mutual Life af Canada  ',',     It would be a business mistake  ���������{��������� for YOU to place your application  ompany without con-  X suiting our Agents and familiar- I  ������ > izing yourself with the model ��������� ���������  X policies issued by . '/,  CANADA'S ONLY aiTUAL     ::  *f*      Investigation costs nothing and seres   -  X  regrets  X Write, phone or call for rates, etc.  '.'     Wm. J. Twiss, District Mgr.  % 317419 Rtgirs 111*   f iMMftr, B. C.  <was������*  ENGRAVING-  ETCHINGS AND HALFTONES  ARE NOW BEING MADE IN  WESTERN CANADA BY THE  MOST SATISFACTORY PRO-  CESS KNOWN to THE WORLD  THE "ACID BLAST" PROCESS  MAKES YOUR ILLUSTRATIONS   LiTER/VLLY TALK ���������  MANUFACTURED IN WESTERN CANADA  MuClUAMDl)lHBlt[Hc(c'l  1 ������������������ -  .���������  l O <> H    AOIHD   .l.Ul.  WARNINGS ID GIRLS  "FOREWARNED IS FOREARMED"  ST. SAVIOUR'S CHURCH.  (Anglican.)  Corner of First Avenue East and  Semlin Drive, Grandview.  Rev.   Harold   St.. George   Buttrum,  B. A. B. D., Rector.  Residence, the Rectory, 2023 First  Avenue East.  SUNDAY SERVir.ES ���������Morning  prayer and Holy Communion the first  and third Sundays of the month at 11  a. m.; morning prayer every Sunday  at 11 a. m.; Holy Communion 2nd and  prayer every Sunday at 7:30 p. m.  All heartily welcome.  Herbaceous  Plants  for Spring Planting  .ALSO,  GLADIOLUS  All in first class condition.  Prices moderate.  Heeler's Nursery  Corner 15th & Main St.  PHONE FAIRMONT 817  1. Girls should never speak to strangers,  either men or women, in the street, in shops, in  stations, in trains, in lonely country roads, or in  places .of amusement.  2. Girls should never ask the way of any but  officials on duty, such as policemen, railway officials, or postmen.  3. Gtfrls should never loiter or stand about  alone in the street; and if accosted by a stranger,  whether man or woman, should walk as quickly  as possible to the nearest policeman.  4. Girls should never accept a "lift" offered  by. a stranger in a motor, taxicab, or vehicle of  any description.  5. Girls should never go to an address given  them by a stranger, or enter any house, restaurant, or place of amusement on the invitation of a  stranger. ..-���������.-  6- Girls should never go with a stranger, even  if dressed as a hospital nurse, or believe stories  of their relations having suffered from an accident or being suddenly taken ill, as this is a common device to kidnap girls. .  7. Girls should never accept sweets, food, a  glass of water or smell flowers offered them by a  stranger, neither should they buy scents or other  articles at their door, as so many things may contain drugs.  ���������8. Girls should never take a situation through  an advertising or a strange registry office without first making, inquiries from the National  Vigilance Association, W. C. T. U. or Y. M. C. A.  9. Girls should never go to any large town for  even one night without knowing of some safe  lodging.  ''���������*���������. "���������'".���������'.. .-'. ' '    ,-', ���������".''"���������' U v.   ":-y.:   '.,'TV-     -������������������ ''".       *    '  Pease Pacific Foundry LimitecJ |  I  .���������-.'.*������������������  ���������:?���������  i;  HEATING AND VENTIUTiNO ENGINEERS  MANUFACTURERS  ((Caa^a^.4,, ������ Steam Heaters and Ventilators for Public Buildings  rCOnOrtlV       Warm Air Furnaces ��������� Combination Furnaces  UVVIlVUi;        Steam and Hot Water Boilers. RseiBters  ii \A(Xtk\ " Steam and Hot Water Boilers  lUCCtl       Radiators. 1  U36 Homer St.  , Pipe and Fittings <  Vancouver, B.C.  t  Tel. Sey. 3230 f  v   -.-..        ���������.���������   ,, v :\-.V:.������  i������������|������������fr*|������ *|>i|itwfi*tM8M&Mli> '&* "V *S* *$"$' 'IM1' *1* *l"t**$* 4wfrtfr������fr������fr������fr<frejfr������$������������fr������$>f^Mifr������fr *^ *v *V *%* *t* 'I"!* '2*8*  tf>t|l ������fr l|l ,fr ifr l|nfrlfr lfr.fr ifr ifr lfrlfr������$l.efr^>tfr ������fr������fr lfr������|Mfr ifr ifr ������fr������frefr.ifr^ ifr ||| ifr ifr ifr ifr ifrtfr  JOS. H.  ARCHITECT  910-11 Yorkshire Building1  | Seymour Street Vancouver, B. C. f  y ������}���������������}. >t''3*'t'^'M''I''Ii*i''i'*i*'fr't**I**iV^<������3*4i'4fr  *  Kamloone-Vanoouver Meet Gc, Ltd.  Oor. Mam end Powell Sim. 1B4-9 Main Street  Phone Seymour 6561 Phone Fair. 1814  For Choice Meats  of large variety and reasonable prices, this house  cannot be excelled.   It stands to the very front.  *t* 'i' '?* *i'*i' *t������ 'i' *t' *i* 'i* *t* *t* *?* 'i' *?' 't' 'i' ������}* *i* *t* 'i* 'fi* *i* *i' 't* '1* ,i"i"i"i"i"i"i"H"i"i"i"i"t"}"i"i"i"i"i"H"t"t"i"i'  1 South Shore Lumber Co.  LIMITED  ::  'f rt^*- '  i,JfaltyJHJf*%H������IHi$>.%>,flJjpJiKfrJffl^  Lumber Manufacturers  4-  v  ������:������������������  t  t  XI  f       I Front St., Foot of Ontario St.       |  f PHONE Fairmont 1M       VANCOUVER. B. C  V  |'4**&a,iM$**$M3**$M$M3**!M3M$**l  Warning! Important!  BABIES  This disease has made its appearance amongst  the dogs of the Cowichan District. Two suspicious cases also occurred some months ago at Mission. The disease has appeared in Oregon, and  possibly in the State of Washington as well.  As the period of incubation of Babies is prolonged, the extent of the infection is not yet ap-  Jiarent, so it is incitmbent upon all to be on the  ook out for further outbreaks.  The Dominion Veterinary Department is  handling this so far as animals are concerned, but  I wish to be informed as to any suspicious cases  which may appear- _____ ^ ;,____4: = ^^���������^=-V.-  This Department is prepared at any time to  forward complete treatment for hydrophobia,  which, as you know, must be administered to the  person as soon as possible after being bitten,  which is some weeks before symptoms develop.  *    This treatment can be administered by the  local practitioner.  WALTER BAFTY, M. D.,  Acting Secretary,  Provincial Board of Health  Victoria, April 23.  JTC5W F. O.-JOY0E, *. 0.  I:  Cbllingwood has another postoffice. On Friday last Mr. AM. Beatie, postmaster, opened a  hew office in a store building just south of Carlton school on Joyce road. Mr. MacLean will be  deputy postmaster in charge.  This,makes the third postoffice opened in Collingwood district, showing the remarkable,growth,  of that enterprising suburb.  ������^j,y otoswa at ooi.i4nowpop  The Collingwood and District Business Men's  Association have issued placards stating that on  and from next Wednesday, May 6, local stores  -will close--on-Wednesday- afternoons���������^except-  wheri there is a public holiday in the week.  TOED $50 IN POLICE OOUET  South Vancouver, May 2.-^In the Police Court  this morning George Tarranc of Burnaby was  fined $50 and the restitution of $10 within seven  days or in default three months in goal on a  j  charge of stealing a quantity of cordwood frbm  I A. L. Watson of South Vancouver.  ���������,M'fr'fr'4H'fr'M'M,'M*'.V44^fr.{*4i''fr^  Government of British Columbia Land Sale  There will be offered at public auction in the cities of Vancouver,  Victoria and Prince George, British Columbia, the Government Holdings  in the Townsites of Prince George, Fort George and South Fort George,  comprising in all 2,350 lots.  Dates of sales��������� 1  May 19, 20 and 21, Vancouver  May 26 and 27, Victoria  June 9,10 and 11, Prince George  For full particulars, descriptive literature and maps, apply���������  Armstrong & Ellis  Selling Agents for Government of British Columbia  Head Office: 804=5 Birks Bldg., Vancouver, B. C*  .. .4  >������^^*^^������^^.M$������^$*^������^������������^*|������^^ i|������ ifr i|nt, .{n|n(i i|i i}m}>i|������ ������(ii^i ������{m|i |}| l|| A AaA  Six Days a Week in  -4 ������r  Every morning during the week The  Chicago Daily Tribune prints ^ com-  plete Moving Picture Story based on  one of the Moving Picture Plays being  shown in Chicago and in the cities, towns and villages  in the vast territory surrounding Chicago.  The Play selected for each morning's story is the one  which The Tribune's Moving Picture Editor has selected  as the best of all those being shown that day. You can  read the Moving Picture Stories every morning and then  as these fascinating plays are exhibited in your locality  your enjoyment of them will be doubled and trebled  BECAUSE YOU HAVE READ THE STORY,  THE CHICAGO TRIBUNE  not only gives you a complete Moving Picture Story  EVERY DAY during the week, but it aiso gives you  on Sunday, in serial form, the greatest Moving Picture  Story ever written, "The Adventures of Kathlyn," by  Harold MaeGrath, the thrilling romance from which has  been produced the famous "KATHLYN" Moving Pictures which all Chicago is standing in line to see.  Read the Daily Moving Picture Story  in the Chicago Tribune  Read "The Adventures of Kathlyn" in The Chicago Sunday Tribune  ::1  ti  ::  " .,..���������������������������������������������    .'���������'.  '���������/���������

Cite

Citation Scheme:

        

Citations by CSL (citeproc-js)

Usage Statistics

Share

Embed

Customize your widget with the following options, then copy and paste the code below into the HTML of your page to embed this item in your website.
                        
                            <div id="ubcOpenCollectionsWidgetDisplay">
                            <script id="ubcOpenCollectionsWidget"
                            src="{[{embed.src}]}"
                            data-item="{[{embed.item}]}"
                            data-collection="{[{embed.collection}]}"
                            data-metadata="{[{embed.showMetadata}]}"
                            data-width="{[{embed.width}]}"
                            async >
                            </script>
                            </div>
                        
                    
IIIF logo Our image viewer uses the IIIF 2.0 standard. To load this item in other compatible viewers, use this url:
http://iiif.library.ubc.ca/presentation/cdm.xwestcall.1-0188397/manifest

Comment

Related Items