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The Nelson Tribune Sep 13, 1902

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 lie I so n  ��tribune  Saturday Morning, September 13, 1902  CONSERVATIVES HAVE LIVELY  TIME IN SELECTING DELEGATES  The Conservatives of Nelson met in public meeting on Tuesday night in the Burns  block to elect delegates to attend the Revelstoke convention. Considerable interest  was taken as to the probable action of the  meeting, and there was the largest turn out  ever seen in Nelson for such an occasion.  The Conservatives ot Nelson have not been  a. real happy family since the provincial  election In the summer of 1900, those- who  took part in that campaign as straight  party men claiming that the Conservatives  who supported the candidate of the Provincial party were not "true blues." Last  night that issue was settled, the Conservatives who fought under the banner of the  Provincial party in 1900 coming out on top.  The light was clean-cut, and although  there were a number of wordy scrimmages,  nothing happened that has not already been  . forgotten.  President Starkey. of the local association  took the chair and called the meeting to  order, and explained its object. Secretary  Morrison acted as secretary. c  Immediately after chairman Starkey had  explained what was to do, John Houston,  as mover and John A. Irving- as seconder,  made the ofllowing motion:  "That Nelson elect twenty delegates to  attend the Revelstoke convention on the  12th and 13th instants, and that those  elected delegates who are unable to attend  shall give their proxies to those elected who  can attend, and that the delegation vote  as a unit on all questions."  John Houston in support of the motion  said that places like Kamloops, not half  the size of Nelson, had found it possible to  elect 20 delegates, and if the Conservatives  of Nelson were prepared to take a back  seat to such places he said he very much  mistook their disposition. He said he  thought'he knew something of the strength  of the Conservative party in Nelson, and  pleasing as tho meeting was in point of  numbers, he held that it could by no means  be taken to indicate the full strength of  the party in tlio third city in the province.  In his opinion Nelson was sufficiently important to elect at least 20 delegates, and  he was in favor of electing this number,  and he moved the resolution in the fullest  confidence that the meeting would support  him in it. He said he had also the assurance of one very eminent Conservative,  Who was present, that there would be no  questioning the number of delegates that  Nelson should decide to elect. This lie said  had been volunteered at the last meeting  of the association and he did not think  there would be any inclination to retract  In. the face of such a representative meeting of the party. In advocating that the  delegation vote as a unit, he said that a  house divided against itself could not win  -.success, uo more could. a political party-  win contests. A delegation to be effective  must be united.  AV. A. Macdonald, IC C, followed in a  speech of thirty minutes. He contended  that tho delegation should not number  more than ton, and that those who would  go as delegates should stand up. As no  one stood up, the speaker came to the conclusion that he was on the wrong track,  and changed the tenor of his remarks. He  took up the issue of voting as a unit. He  said it was ridiculous to send twenty delegates to the convention to vote as one man  dictated. That if such wero the instructions to the delegates, the meeting might  as well elect John Houston and let him do  the voting for the other nineteen. Some  one on a back seat shouted, "Vou are right;  he will, do it anyway." Mr. Macdonald, in  order to back up his opinion, moved that  the number of delegates be ten and that  thoy be given a free hand, and the amendment was seconded by R. J. Clarke.  .  J. R. Gordon wanted to know how many  names were on the roll of the association,  and he was informed by secretary Morrison that at the last count there were US.  He then claimed the meeting must be  bound by the instructions sent by the secretary of the provincial association. If  these instructions were obeyed, Nelson  would only be entitled to six. delegates.  Chairman Starkey, before putting the  question, made a short speech, in which  he said those present were there as Conservatives and not as partisans of any  man; that it was their duty to vote iu  such a way as would bring success to the  party when Us candidates would be before  the people for their suffrages. He then put  the question, but it brought a protest from  G. AV. Clarke, who wanted to be heard. He  said the original motion should be segregated. That he and others favored sending twenty delegates, but were opposed to  giving them any instructions. He said he  would move as an amendment to the  amendment that twenty delegates be sent  to   the  convention.  The chairman then put the question on  Mr. Clarke's amendment, and asked all in  favor to stand up. About twenty stood up,  and the amendment was declared lost. Before the chairman could put the question  on the Macdonald amendment, the mo vet-  asked leave to change it so that it would  read "twenty" delegates instead of "ten."  Leave was granted and the question was  put. Fred Irving was appointed counter,  and ho announced the numebr as standing  up to, be 60. Those who favored the original motion to send twenty delegates who  would vote as a unit then stood up and  they numbered 49.  On the announcement being made the  Macdonald adherents showed their delight  in stamping their feet and using their  canes as drumsticks on the floor.  Nominations were declared to be in order.  Those who were for sending twenty delegates from the" start nominated Jacob  Dover, John Houston, William-. Irvine,  John A. Irving, John A. Kirkpatriek, Robert S. Lennie, John J. Malone, Duncan Mc-  Arthur, David McBeath,' "W. E. McCandlish, David McCreath, William McNabb, F.  N. McKay, W.-'K. McLean, Chris Morrison,  Norman Monroe, Dr.---W.-.Q. P.p_se,-Tho*mas  Sproatt, Gilbert:Stanley, and Fred Starkey.  The opposing force nominated F. J. Bradley, H. M. Bird, Frank Fletcher, R. W.  Hannington, J. "VV. Holmes, William Hunter, Peter Lamont, ~W. A. Macdonald, IC  C, James McDonald (who declined), T. F.  Procter, AV. P. Tierney, and J. F. "Weir.  The names of J. R. Gordon, J. E. Annable,  and D. M. Carley were also used, but they  positively ��� declined   to  allow   their   names  to be placed In nomination. Both sides  had printed ballot papers, which were  freely distributed. A call was made for  a list of the names of the nominees and  the names were written in large letters and  hung up on the wall.  When ample time Had been given for  everyone present to make out a ballot paper, chairman Starkey rapped the meeting  to order and announced that he had appointed Thomas Henderson, Ralph Bradford, and F. J. Bradley scrutineers, and  that as secretary Morrison called the  names of those on the roll they should  come forward and deposit their ballots,  quite a number who had signed the roll  being absent. . The count commenced, immediately, and at the' end of three hours  the scrutineers announced the following  as the result:  AV.   McNabb   AV.   Irvine   F. J. Starkey   C. Morrison   Dr. Rose   J. A. Kirkpatriek....  John Houston     Jacob Dover   Gilbert  Stanley....   .  AV. A. Macdonald....  W. P. Tierney.   T. G. Procter.'... ....  P.  Lamont   D. McArthur   W. E. McCandlish....  J. J. Malone   R. S. Lennie....   R. AV. Hannington   Frank Fletcher....   .,  W.   R.   McLean   David  McBeath   F. A. McKay   ......  ....SO  ....78  ....78  ....74  ....GS  ....67  ....G5  ....63  ....63  ....62  ....61  .7.59  ....58  ....58  ....57  ....57  ....57  ....56  ....55  ....55  ....53  Thomas  Sproat ..51  J. A. Irving...  ..50  J.  F.  AVeir....     ....50  D.   McCreath..     ....46  D. Munroe   45  R. M.  Bird        ....   ....45  J. AAr. Holmes....  .... 44  F. J. Bradley....    39  AV.  Hunter     ....35  James McDonald      ....4  The first twenty names were duly announced as having received the; largest  number of votes, and on motion they were  declared delegates-elect to the Revelstoke  convention. Mr. McBeath and Mr. McLean  were a tie at 55," and as Mr. McBeath was  at Ymir, it was decided to give the credentials to Mr. McLean, who was able to  attend the convention.  The next day Mr. Lennie informed secretary Morrison.in writing that he was not  a member of the Nelson Liberal-Conservative Association, and that he did not intend to affiliate with either of the two political. -j)a-~tf,es-: at,.present;_ he ...therefore..*.*6->  quested that his name be stricken from the  list of delegates-elect.  This was done, and the name, receiving  the next highest vote (F. N. McKay, wh<  received 53 votes)  was substituted.  The delegates-elect left for Revelstoke  on Thursday afternoon, and Nelson riding  was represented in the convention by 20  delegates from Nelson, 1 from Ymir, 1 from  Creston, and 1 from Kitchener���23 in all.  CITIES WHICH GIVE CENT STREET CAR RIDES  AND OWN MOST OF THEIR PUBLIC SERVICES  How would you like to have a street car  ride for a cent? You can get it in Sheffield, where the city owns the tramways  and charges different rates, according to  distance. I rode from one end of the town  to the other for a penny, and short rides  as a rule cost me half-penny, writes F.  G. Carpenter. The car fares in Liverpool  "arc"1a"ponnyrorHwo-eentsifor-'the-ordinar>���  trip, and it is the same in Manchester.  The rates are not different in old Chester,  which was a town In the days of the Romans, and about tho same in the college  town of old Oxford. In Glasgow the municipality owns the trams and charges one  cent a mile, or six cents for six miles.  Belfast charges six cents for five miles.  Liverpool one cent a mile, and Manchester  two cents per mile. There are many American cities in which you can ride ton miles  fur a nickel,.which is equal to half a cent  a mile, but as the most American car  rides are short, the British on the average  pay much less than we do in the United  States or Canada.  The cars aro mostly double-deckers, with  seats below and also on the roof, high  above which are the wires of tlie trolley.  You ride as high up in tho air as though  you wero on the top of an elephant, but  it is delightful, although the cars do not  go half as fast as in America.  The tramways are rapidly increasing in  Great Britain and the tendency is entirely  toward city ownership. A score of different municipalities aro now negotiating  for the purchase of street cars or are laying down new lines. Many cities own the  tramways and lease them out to companies who manage them. In nearly every  ease the municipal tramways pay a prolit,  thus reducing tlie tax rate. Manchester  is making about $400,000 out of its gas  works, electric lights and markets. The  markets bring in an income of $S5,000 a  year and at the same time give the best  of facilities to the people. The markets  have- a big cold storage plant and freezing chambers connected with them. As I  rode down the Manchester ship canal I  went by the abattoirs, which belong to  the city. They have wharves and buildings for the accommodation of 1000 head of  cattle and 1000 head of sheep. There are  slaughter houses and chilling chambers adjoining them, in which 1200 sides of beef  can be chilled in 24 hours.  Manchester now has its own telephone  system belonging to the city in which the  "hello girls" are city clerks. Glasgow  owns its telephones, and charges two cents  a call or gives you an unlimited number  of calls for $26 a year. Liverpool, Nottingham, Hull, Leicester and a half dozen  other cities are now thinking of buying  up the telephones or of establishing telephone  systems  run  by  the  city.  1 spent some time in  the Sheffield mar  kets during my stay there. These recently  belonged to the duke of Norfolk, who still  owns a large part of the city, but the  municipal government nought them at a  big price and is now running them at a  profit. London has control over a part of  its markets, although the big vegetable  and fruit markets of Covent Garden still  =belong--to���the���duke^ot-Bedford.^.Bolton,  own its markets and also the street cars,  gas works, electric lights and tramways.  There are Ave towns in England which  turned into their tax funds $250,000 last  year as a prolit of their municipal undertakings, and the extent of such undertakings is steadily increasing. I have told  you how the Manchester corporation borrowed $25,000,000 to lend to the Manchester  Ship Canal Company, and how Liverpool  is making a prolit out of its investment of  more  than $100,000,000 in  docks.  Many of tho city corporations are now  erecting homes for their working people.  They are buying up the slums and tearing  down tho buildings which stands upon  them in order to put up sanitary tenements, which they rent at low rates. At  the same time they are widening the  streets and are going into what might be  called a land office and real estate businoss. The London county council spent  $1,500,000 to wipe out the slums of Bethnal  Green, it being' estimated that it cost the  city $1500 for every family that was there  turned out before a cent was spent on  the new buildings for them. London now  has a special housing department connected with the city government, which has  charge of such matters. It has 60,000 people in its tenements in the city, and it is  erecting cottage settlements on the outskirts. Six thousand people are to be  housed in such cottages at Norbury, and  42,000 at Tottenham. AVhen the Tottenham  improvements are completed there will be  a good-sized town there made up entirely  of municipal cottages.  The tenements which have been put  within these cities have a large number  in one building. There are, as it were,  flats of two or more rooms, rented at different prices, according to the number of  rooms. The ehapest two-roomed Hats are  to be found in Dublin, where they rent for  50 cents a week; similar quarters in Glasgow cost 80 cents a week; in Liverpool,  S5 cents, and in London, a little more than  $1 a week. The rents are supposed to be  on a basis that will pay the running expenses and furnish a sinking fund which  will recoup the city for the cost of the  buildings within from 50 to 100 years.  The city of Birmingham has beeii noted  for such experiments. It has erected one  set of buildings at a cost $100,000, which  have lodgings for 100 families. There are  shops on tho ground floor, with tenements  above them.   The first of these structures  was finished in September, 1S90, and was  at once rented to respectable people at  $1.25 per flat per week. Since then cheaper  flat buildings have been erected, some of  the rents being as low as 75 cents per  week.  Birmingham is noted for the number of  tilings which the city owns. It prides it-  jself__m_J?e_ng_a business_city,_run_by_bus_-  iness men on business principles. It makes  its own gas, provides its own water supply, and has public museums, art schools  and galleries. It has extensive parks,  cricket fields and other pleasure grounds.  It has a sewage farm of 1200 acres, which  cost $2,000,000. It has public swimming  and Turkish baths, and laundries for the  poor, where they can have hot water and  hot irons for two or three cents an hour.  It has magnificent public buildings. The  council house, or the municipal building,  is one of the finest structures in England,  it is a great pile built in the renaissance  style in the heart ol" the city, with a dome  rising from its center. The main entrance  is at the front, and the building is ornamented with sculpture and mosaic showing  the arts and industries of Birmingham,  with a central group representing Britannia  reviewing its  manufactures.  The interior of the building contains a  council chamber,- tlie banquetting hall, and  magnificent quarters for the lord mayor,  ln It there are also a museum and art  gallery and the various city offices.  Another fine building is the town hall,  designed after the model of a Roman temple. This Is where public meetings are  held and where the great city organ plays  regularly every week for tho benefit of  the people.  Right back of this hall is, perhaps, the  only, monument ever erected as a memorial to a living man. It is that of the Hon.  Joseph Chamberlain, who has, perhaps,  done more than any other to advance municipal ownership in the city of Birmingham. The monument bears a medallion  bust of Mr. Chamberlain, without tlie eyeglass, and upon it there is an inscription  testifying to his services for Birmingham.  Indeed, the city of Birmingham has been  recreated by Mr. Chamberlain and his associates within the last generation. The  town has for centuries been the industrial  capital of middle England. It is situated  where once was the forest of Arden, the  scene of Robin Hood's adventures and of  "As You Like It," and other of- Shakespeare's plays. It has iron mines and coal  mines not far away, and before coal was  used for smelting iron the people made  charcoal from the trees of tbe forest and  thus worked their blacksmith shops and  other house industries.  No one knows when the iron-making began, and today there is a vast amount of  work that goes on In small factories. The  cily is now, perhaps, the chief hardware  center of the worid. It has foundries and  shops for making steam engines, heavy  machinery and cannon, lt makes pins and  needles by the tens of millions and steel  pens and buttons for all parts of the globe.  It lias glass works and crystal works,  bronze foundries and bridge..works, and  its gun works are of enormous size. There  aro 100,000 factory hands in the city, and  it is estimated that 10,000 of these arc employed making guns and rifles. The guns  are exported to all countries.  In the Birmingham of today the streets  are all well kept, and, notwithstanding the  foundries and factories which are scattered here and there upon them, everything  is remarkably  clean.  Birmingham has been called the town of  two great streets. Its chief business houses  are on these streets, and the buildings  have all been put up>within the last few  years. They are- jlie product of Birmingham's principle of municipal improvement.  AVhen Joseph Chamberlain was mayor the  business of the town was congested. There  were slums in its heart, and it was Chamberlain who planned to wipe the slums out,  to build a great street through them,  which should be known as Corporation  street, and to widen what is now New  street, or, in short, practically to rebuild  the business part of the city. The undertaking was begun in 1S75, and ��8,000,000  was borrowed to carry it out. Inasmuch  as the money was! needed at once, and it-  would take lime tp get an act of parlia-  metn authorizing the city to issue bonds,  Joseph Chamberlain offered to advance  $50,000 to the city for the purpose, other  Birmingham capitalists did likewise,  though in smaller sums, and the work was  immediately begun. The property was condemned and bought, tne old houses torn  down, and the land leased on 75-year, leases  for the putting up of new buildings. The  leases were so worded that at the end of  75 years the buildings upon the land should  revert to the city,, so that eventually the  Birmingham corporation will practically  own the best part of the municipality, and  it will then probably be the richest city  of the world. The holders of the leases  now pay a regular rent to the city, and  magnificent structures have taken the  places of the old slums.  THE WEEK'S CONTRIBUTION OF NELSON'S  ALDERMEN TO THE GAIETY OF THINGS  MINISTERS CANNOT AGREE  TARTE AND SIFTON AT OUTS ON  . ''��� THE .TARIFF. '  It looks as if the tariff question will  cause a split in the Laurier cabinet. The  tariff is the chief issue in Canadian politics, and though the people may for a time  put up with a set of ministers who In dif  forent quarters talk different tariffs, they  will oiie of these days call upon the representatives of the government to tell them  just where they a*yj'.at; whether they are  .fp..hay.e.-th"e;.Xartp~rfcUs^  Canadians, or the policy-of the minister of  the interior, Canada for, Sifton.  I-ioiii Clifford Sifton's assurance to the  Liberals of Manitoba and the Northwest  that Mr. Tarte's protection views are hot  those of the government, and that they  need not fear tariff increases, does not  upset the minister of public works in the  least. When shown Mr. Sifton's statement  as set forth in the party newspapers, Mr.  Tarte only laughed. "I have already seen  it," he said. "Mr. Sifton is as free as 1  am to speak for himself in the matter."  Nothing further would the minister say  for publication, except that the views he  has expressed in favor of adequate protection to Canadian industries and for the  development of our resources were his own  opinions and that he had not uttered them  as the views or policy of the administration of which he is a member. What Mr.  Tarte's views on the fiscal question are,  however, is well known. He has made no  bones about giving them publicity at divers  times and places. Only the other day on  reaching Montreal from a trip down the  St. Lawrence, upon seeing a large steam-  =sliip~Uis_cliafgIng"rrails^made*"ia"Germany7"  he exclaimed to a friend: "AVhat fools  we are. Here we are importing rails from  Germany which we ought to make in our  own country and all the while Germany  is discriminating against Canadian products." In the case of steel rails as in  regard to other finished products of Canada's abundant raw material Mr. Tarte  believes that there should be a duty upon  tho imported article sufficient at least to  counterbalance the foreigners' advantage  of cheap labor In its production.  Tho prominence given* to ill*. Tarte's  public speeches of late by tlie leading  newspapers of Canada has doubtless aroused Mr. Sifton's jealousy as well as apprehension for its effect in the west where  he has a hard enough task already in  squaring himself Willi his old free-trade  allies. It has been conceded pretty generally, too, that Mr. Tarte is no parish  politician; that his policy is not sectional,  but one which ho thinks would be for the  benefit of Canada as a whole. Mr. Tarte  would not only place a protective duty  upon steel rails but he is a good enough  Canadian not to be afraid, although he  is a cabinet minister, to favor openly an  export duty on pulp wood, or such other  restrictions upon the outgo of it from Canada" as would compel its manufacture ln  this country. He has made a closer  study of the natural resources of the  dominion than any of his confreres. He  has been getting the credit, too, of going  about the country making himself acquainted witli its needs while some of his  colleagues spent the whole summer holidaying. Mr. Sifton has probably not enjoyed  the  comparison.  If the. minister of public works accepts  one or two of the numerous invitations  ho has received to speak at political gatherings, he will probably not be deterred  by Mr. Sifton's threats from reiterating  the strong views which he undoubtedly  holds on tho necessity of protecting and  fostering Canadian industries by tariff  legislation.  The city council met on Monday night.  There were present mayor Fletcher, aldermen Irving, Morrison, Scanlan, and Selous,  besides the city clerk, the city engineer,  the city treasurer, the manager of a teaming company, and two reporters.  The minutes of the last regular meeting  were read, and they showed the fact that  alderman Selous had seconded a motion  that, on reflection, he considered '"tommy  rot." The minutes were adopted as read,  however, and the mayor attached his signature  in  approval.  The finance committee reported the following bills for payment. The amount represents expenditures on streets, sidewalks,  sewers, electric light maintenance-, etc.:  James  Harris    $27 50  William  Lynch   ....... '-.   15 00  A. McCuaig      2 50  Frank Deacon  r.......    33 00  James A. Foote    27 50  C. Baley    27 50  R.  Gancher    27 50  N. Stewart     15 00  J.   Johnson    13 90  William AVest    13 90  C. AValcroft       ��40  VV. P. Tierney, team    49 10  Xi. T. Steeper, team      13 00  Nelson Transfer Company, team     39 00  S. Ratcliff    44 CO  W.  Mildren   ,    34 10  E.   Clark  ,    17 50  AVilliam Bachelor i,    27 50  L. Paterson .     33 00  William Richardson      1 20  AVilliam  Richardson ...  38 50  Two fares to Summit       120  TARTB*B FISCAL POLICY.  Montreal. Sept. 11.���Hon. J. I. Tarte  lias an interview in La Patrie today in  which he states th.it he is prepared to  stand liy all he had said regarding the  changes in tariff- He has nothing to  withdraw. He denied that the present  cabinet was pledged to lower the tariff.  Total $507 20  The report was adopted.  The following letter, which explains itself,  was read:-  LANDS AND WORKS DEPARTMENT,  VICTORIA, September 4, 1902. ��� J. IC  STRACHAN", ESQ.; City Clerk, Nelson-  Sir: I have the honor to acknowledge the  receipt of your letter of the 29th ultimo,  asking that the crown grant to the city  of part of the lake foreshore opposite Nelson be forwarded as early as practicable.  In reply I beg to say that the crown grant  will be prepared as soon as an order in  council authorizing the issuance of the  same has been approved by his honor the  lieutenant-governor. I have the honor to  be, sir, your obedient servant,*  AV.  S.  GORE.  Deputy Commissioner of Lands and  Works.    ' -  J. D.;Salter, in a communication, stated  that the east end of Baker ..and Victoria  streets were entirely without street lights,,  and'asked that' lights be' lJ.'.aced thereon.  The matter was referred to tlie mayor and  the superintendent of the electric light  system, with power to act.  A similar communication was received  from residents in the neighborhood of  Stanley and Houston streets, and it was  disposed of in a similar manner.  An Invitation to attend' the New AVest-  minster exhibition was read, and each  member was given.entire freedom to attend  at his own expense.  Alderman Selous gave notice that he  would introduce by-law No. 11(1 at the next  regular meeting of the council, and aldermen Irving and Scanlan, respectively, gave  notice that they would do the same with  by-laws No. 117 and No. US. These by-laws  are to legalize the rate of taxation for this  year as fixed by the finance committee.  B.E. Sharpc asked, in writing, that the  electric light wires be extended to his residence on Mill street. Referred to the electric light superintendent for report.  The city clerk, as returning oflicer. reported that by-law No. 115 did not receive  the assent of the electors. The report was  -roceivod=--and=flIed.-=      =- :- -^^^-=-  The  following  letter   from   the   manager  of the Nelson Freighting & Transfer Company, who was present In person, was read:  In regard to the work recently done on  Vernon street, we thought, especially after  the assurance we had, that the grading  would include tilling in the unsightly hole  in front of and continuing alongside of our  oflice. We have gone to a considerable expense in putting up a building and retaining wall. For the purpose of our business,  this street in its present condition is a  great drawback, we therefore make the following offer: If you will take the present  roadway to grade from Stanley to Kootenay streets, making use of the material  to widen the street at the nearest point,  we will supply you with teams'and men  freo of charge to the amount of $50. If  this work is done now, a further saving  will be made in laying the sidewalk and  crossings in permanent position.  ' Alderman Selous���I wonder what assurance we gave them?  Alderman Irving���The council did not  give them any assurances. The $500 appropriated for that specific work has been expended, and people should not expect the  streets graded to their very dooors.  Alderman Scanlan���The street cannot well  be cut down lower, as test holes show a  layer of sand underneath the gravel. The  $50 proffered would be a mere flea bit were  the work asked for be done, as, the sand  would have to be top-dressed with gravel"  in order to make the street passable, and  the city would not be justified'in doing the  work at present.  Mayor Fletcher���AVhat would be tho cost,  Mr.  McCulloch?  City Engineer McCulloch���Sand would be  struck for.about one-third of the distance  between Stanley and Kootenay streets, and  the cost would be in the neighborhood of  $150.  The letter was filed, on motion of alderman Irving seconded by alderman Scanlan.  The next business in-order was a report  signed by the city engineer and the sanitary inspector on the disposal of night soil.  The report is as follows: " - ������  AA*e beg to report as follows with reference to the best means of disposing of  night soil into the sewer system: For this  purpose there will, be required a properly  constructed cement line catchpit with "grating and a connector with the water main  for flushing. Probably the best location  for the catchpit will be at the foot of Stanley street, near the overflow manhole on  the sewer outlet. The objections to disposing of the night soil Into the sewer system at this point will be that during the  high-water season in, the lake, and during  the.rainy.-portibh'-of the year when the  flow from the creeks connected with the  sewers ; is greater than ..-the;,.carrying, capacity of .'the sewer outlet.- This means  of disposal will be satisfactory for some  four to six months of the year. Estimated  cost is $200.  Alderman Selous asked the city engineer  as to the length of time the sewer outlets  carried the total sewage and storm water,  and was informed that the outlets did not  carry tlie totals from April 1st to September 1st. This was news to alderman Selous,  who had been under the impression that  the outlets carried all the sewage and storm  water the year round. A discussion then  took place as to what should be done, and  when it was ended all were, apparently,  at sea as to where they were at. Finally,  alderman Scanlan moved that the matter  be referred to the city engineer for a  written report. The motion was seconded  by alderman Irving and carried .unanimously.  Mayor Fletcher���There is one more item  on the agenda paper. The item has reference to tlie proposed visit of the British  editors.        o  Alderman Selous���AVhen they arrive give  them a ride on the lake.  ���Mayor���Fletcher���AVhy=not=givc���them^-a^  hack  ride  to  the  Granite mill?  Alderman Scanlan���They might be taken  down to Bennington Falls first and afterwards to the Granite mill, where hacks  could be taken back to town.  Alderman Morrison���Seeing that the_,in-  stitute of mining engineers of Canada will  be in seslon in Nelson at the same time as  the British editors'are here, the city might  entertain both at the same time.  Mayor Fletcher���The citizens would probably be willing to subscribe towards such  entertaining. Some of them . have spoken  to me about it.  Alderman Scanlan���The citizens are being  continually called on to. subscribe money  for such things, and I do not believe it is  tho fair way to do. If these people are to  be entertained, let it be done by the city.  Alderman Selous���Yes; "let the mayor  look after the whole thing.  Alderman Scanlan���I move that $300 be  placed to the credit of the finance committee to carry out any arrangements that  may be made.  Alderman Irving���I second that proposition.  Mayor Fletcher declared the motion carried, and then asked, -'what commltteo  would you have?"  Alderman Selous���You want lt small.  Make it the mayor, alderman Scanlan, a  newspaper man, and a* Baker street business man.  Alderman    Morrison���Leave    it    to    the  finance committee to act as they see fit.  Mayor Fletcher���I don't like that.  Alderman Morrison's, suggestion was put  in  the form  of a  motion  and  carried  by  the votes of Morrison, Scanlan, and Selous.  Mayor  Fletcher���That  covers  everything  on the agenda paper.  Alderman Irving���The alleway in the" rear  of  S.   S.   Taylor's  residence  is; so   that  a  team cannot get in or out.  Mayor Fletcher���Yes; it Is bad in there.  Alderman   Selous���Leave   it" to   the   city  engineer.  It fas so referred. <-**  Alderman Scanlan'called attention to the  condition of  the  sidewalk  in  front  of A.   -  Macdonald  & Co.'s   warehouse   on  Front  street, and to the need of a sidewalk extension, on Houston street.  The city engineer was ordered to mako  an estimate of the cost- of the Houston  street sidewalk and report at next meeting.-  Alderman Selous���If that is all,  we had -  better adjourn  to Friday.  Alderman Irving���Before we adjourn let  us consider the tramway purchase "question.  Mayor Fletcher���It is a pity this had not  been thought of before the motion to adjourn  was made.  Alderman Irving���The motion to adjourn  lias not been put yet.  Alderman- Scair'tin���AV<yhad   better " wait    -  until   they   (evidently   meaning   the   local  officials of the tramway company) get advices.    I suppose they will get  them ln a.  day or two.  Alderman Morrison���I do not see any reason why we should wait; The best thing for  us to do is to show at once that we are  willing to negotiate for the purchase of  the tramway, as the company-has cabled  that they are willing to consider an offer .  from the city.  Aldei-man Scanlan���I think it just as well  to leave it over until they get advices.  Alderman Selous���As far as the company  is considered/they no doubt would havo  been willing to consider an offer at any  time in the last three years.  Alderman Irving���As the company havo  cabled from London that they are ready  to consider an offer from the city, it is, I  think, up to the city to take action. Nothing can be gained by delay.  Mayor Fletcher���I suppose if the company  or anyone else would offer to run the cars,  tho people would give them the privilege.  1 don't know what the company wants, to-  do.  l^The~rnotion"tb=adjourn=^'a��*rput=ahd_car-   rled.  SOME VERY INTERESTING SPECULATION  ON THE CRADLE OF THE HUMAN  RACE  Noting the discussion over the Lansing  skull, one of the Kansas City Journal's  readers wants to know what science has  definitely determined upon with respect  to the place and time of the origin of  man. Science has not determined definitely  upon either of these questions. Al best  the conclusions of science in these lields  are wholly speculative, ami out of the  mass of contradictory opinions there is little that tlie world can lay hold on. For  example, It is held by one school that life  began at the tropics���Ihat is, human life.  But the authorities of other schools point  ofut that this view takes no note of the  condition of the earth prior to the postpli-  ocene, or glacial period, when much of the  surface was covered with Ice. lie-fore the  glacial period, they say, there were other  periods with climatic conditions that would  mako it probable that man existed far lo  the north. In evidence of these climatic  conditions they show that in the miocone  period plants which are now found only  in the temperate regions were common as  far north as Greenland and Spitzenberg.  The miocene period is fixed .at a million  or more years before the glacial period,  and it was preceded by the eocene period,  leaving deposits In which have been found  certain flints and stone instruments that  are held to indicate Iho contemporaneous  presence of man.  AVhen confronted with Ihe fact that not  a single human bone has been found in  tlie deposits which contain these ancient  flints,  the scientists resort lo a  species of  As for party newspapers which criticized his remarks, lie stated that it was  unfortunate they were still theorizing.  Ho believed tlie great majority of the  liberal party agreed with him in advocating a policy of Canada for Canadians, and he could not understand  how a number of Canadian papers could  express themselves as contrary to this  rolicy.  negative testimony lo show that this fact  proves nothing. Of all the skulls and fos-  soiized portions of the human frame which  have been found, there is nothing that can  be held to antedate the quaternary period,  which is the latest in geological history.  ������Vet," says Sir Charles Yell, while arguing for the value of negative testimony,  "this does not disprove the prior existence  of man. When the Dutch government  drained lake Harlem in 1S53 no sign of  human beings was fo.md. Still tills lake-  had seen many a shipwreck and many a  naval battle, and hundreds of Dutch and  Spanish sailors had met there a watery  grave. Old cannon were found, and coins,  and wrecks of ships, but not the fragment  of human bone."  Another school teaches that the cradle  of the human race was at the Arctic pole.  This view conceives that as the earth cooled down, tlie first parts to reach a temperature sufficiently low to allow life to  exist were the North and South poles.  Not long since a professor of the Kansas  university printed a thesis to show that  human life started at the poles and went  out iu migratory waves to populate the  remotest corners of the earth, lie referred facetiously to the Garden of Eden as  having been where the Ice-bound cliffs of  Greenland now pierce a forbidding sky,  and it cannot be denied, if we may believe tho teslimonc of fossil flora, that  once the climate of Greenland was about  that   found   in   southern   France   today.  In 1900 it series of articles were published  by   such   men    as   AVallace.     Waddlngton,  IS LORD STRATHCONA DEAD?  Montreal, Sept. 11.���A startling  rumor was current on the streets here  early this afternoon, that lord Strathcona had died in London. Mr. B. S.  Clouston, general manager of the hank  of Montreal, said no such report had  been received by that institution, and  as no word of his lordship having been  Miall and Maxwell to show that human  life began at the poles and not at tho  equator. Professor Miall declares that no  other reasonable theory had been evolved  to account for the presence of man in.  America. "At Behring straits," says Waddlngton, "there probably was an isthmus  Joining the two countries which would  enable the race to pass over into America, and would account for the fact that  they wero apparently in that country at  an even earlier date than that at which  they reached western Europe. They would  also at once spread into China; and we  know from the unique aud primeval character of the Chinese language that thero  was no older race on earth than tho  Chinese, and that In China mankind may  possibly have first learned to talk and develop   the   faculty  of   speech."  Still, this is but an ocean of theorizing  out of nvery small rivulet of fact. Tho  mystery of the origin of man is still as  unsolved as it was when the first human  sat at the door of his cave in the rocks  and wondered vaguely in his dawning intellect where ho came from. If he appealed to the sky, the arched dome of blue  echoed back his question unanswered. If  ho appealed to the elements, the wind  mocked him as it rustled softly through  the trees, lie strove in vain to get his  answer from the flashing lightning, tho  roaring floods, tho thundering cyclone.  They, too, had mysteries as unfathomable  as his own. And is It strange that he  dimly saw a God and dimly built up the  plan   of  a  wonderful   creation?  ill  had been received,  he was inclined;  to doubt the story.  Smith Curtis was In Nelson yesterday.  Ho spent the greater part of the day in  expounding to the mine managers of tho  province the great injustice heaped upon  them In requiring thorn to pay taxes to-  meet the charges for necessary publiq  works in the mining districts, The Nelson Tribune  Bank of Montr  Established 1817.   Incorporated by .Act of Piuliaineut.  CAPITAL (all paid up) $12,000,000.00  REST      8,000,000 00  UNDIVIDED PROFITS  165,856.00  HEAD OFFICE, MONTREAL  Rt.  Hon. Lord Strathcona and Mount Royal, G. C. M. G , President.  Hon. G. A. Drummond, Vice-President.  E. S. Glonston, General Manager.  NELSON BRANCH,  Corner Baker an!  Kootenay StreatB  A. H. BUCHANAN, Manager.  I Imperial Bank of Canada j  100 per cent is able to live 30 pet* cent  cheaper than the mine owners and mine-  workers ot" Kootenay who are protected  by import duties that range from 5 to  15 per cent.  CAPITAL,   (Authorized)  CAPITAL     (Paid Up)...  BEST   64,000,000  .$2,fiOO?000  -8B2!l2 5'00O  HEAD   OFFCE,   TORONTO,   ONTARIO.���Branches in the Northwest Territories, Provinces of British Columbia, Manitoba,  Ontario  and Quebec.  T.  R.  MERRITT, President. D. R. AVILKIE, Vice-Pres. and Gen. Man.  12.  HAY.  Assistant Gen.  Manager. AV.  MOFFAT,  Chief Inspector.  NELSON BRANCH���A general banking business tranasted.  Savings  Department���Deposits   received and interest allowed.  Drafts sold, available in all parts of Canada, United States and Europe. Special  attention given to collections. j_  jyj>  LAY   Manager.  TRAINS AND STEAMERS  Leave and Arrive at Nelson as Below.  CANADIAN PACIFIC SYSTEM  LKAVK  5.-00 a. m.  Daily.  LKAVK  8 a. m.  8 a. nx.  6:40 p. m.  DaUy  6:10 p. m.  DaUy  CROW'S NEST RAILWAY  Kuskonook, Creston, Movie,  Cranbrook, Marysville, Fort  Steele, Elko, Fornie, Michel,  Blairmore, Frank, Macleod,  Lethbridge, Winnipeg, and  all Eastern points.   ARKIVK  5:00 p. m.  Daily.  COLUMBIA & KOOTENAY  RAILWAY  'Robson, Trail and Rossland.  (Daily except Sunday)  Robson, Rossland, Cascade,  Grand Forks, Phoenix,  Greenwood and Midway.  (Daily except Sunday)  Robson, Nakusp, Arrowhead,  Revolstoke, and all points east  and west on C.P.R. mainline.  Robson, Trail and Rossland.  ARRIVE  10:35 a.m.  9:35 p.m.  Dafly  9:35 p.m.  Dafly  ing so, provided that in doing so they  do not tiount the patriotic feelings of  our people. Even such displays should  be frowned on, and not encouraged.  LEAVES  9:15 ajn.  SLOCAN RIVER RATLWY  Slocan City, Silvorton, New  Denvor. Three Forks, Sandon  (Daily except Sunday)  ABRIVE  11:00  a. m.  leave KOOTENAY  LAKE  STEAMBOATS  i p. m.    [Balfour, Pilot Bay,Ainsworth  'Kaalo and all Way Landings.  (Daily excoptSunday)    ���  1 p. m.     Lardo and all points on the  .   Lardo & Trout Lako Branoh.  I    (On Mon. Wed. ��nd Fri.)  'From Lnrdo and Trout. Lake 11 a.m.  .        I    (OnTue.Thur.audSat)    I      GREAT NORTHERN SYSTEM.  ARRIVE  3:10 p.m.  LEAVE  Nelson  6-00 a.m.  Kaslo  3:35 p. m.  Daily  NELSON &  FORT  SHEP-  PARD RAILWAY  Depot    Ymir, Salmo, Erie, Waneta,  7:15 a��ni Northport, Rossland, ColvUle  Mounb'iit and Spokane.  8:05 a. m." Making through connections  DaUy.       at Spokane to the south,  ea.t and west.  KOOTENAY LAKE  STEAMBOATS  Balfour, PilotBay, Ainsworth  Kaalo and all Way Landings.  ARRTVE  Mounftn  7:13 p.__��  Depot.  8 p.m.  Daily  ARRTVE  Kaslo  8:40 a. m.  Nelson  7:15 p. m.  Daily  The Tribune prints below part of a  speech made by a Seattle man, named  Donald Fletcher, at   a session   of   the  Transmississippi   Commercial   Congress  held in St. Paul a short time ago. There  are in all countries men who seek notoriety.    Some seek it in one way and  some in another.    The late Mr. Tracey  sought notoriety by showing how easily  he oould elude sheriff's posses,  and in  doing so did not hesitate to waylay and  kill.    Mr.   Fletcher   is   not   unlike   Mr.  Tracey.    He  seeks  notoriety  by wan-,  tonley   defaming   and   slandering   tlie  people of a neighboring country;  people who helped build up the city, whose  chamber of commerce gave him the opportunity  of  spitting his  noxious  and  venomous words in the hearing of men  assembled   to    interchange   views    on  questions   that   interest   their   country.  There  is  little  difference  between   tbe  Tracey's   and   the  Fletchers;   both   are  the scum that occasionally float to the  surface in the great and populous Republic to the south.    The Traceys are  hunted down and killed like mad dogs;  the Fletchers silently sink into obscurity.through the weight of public opinion.  It is very generally believed that a  deal was made at Nelson last December  between factions of the Conservative  and Liberal parties. The deal had two  objects. One was the election of a mayor  in Nelson, and the other, the election  of a member of the legislative assembly  for Nelson riding should the election of  E. V. Bodwell, K. C, from the City of  Victoria, result in that gentleman being  called on to from a government and  make an appeal to the country. The  mayor was elected in N'elson, but Mr.  Bodwell was defeated in Victoria. Now,  it is a well-known fact that the Mr.  Bodwell who was defeated in Victoria  is not a warm personal friend of the  Joseph Martin who is the accepted leader of the Liberal party in this province,  and who sits in the legislative assembly  as ono of the four members from the  City of Vancouver; therefore it is not  to be supposed that men who were anxious for the success of Mr. Bodwell,  when he sought to be elected' to the  legislative assembly from Victoria can  be equally anxious now for Mr. Martin's  political success. But it is rumored they  are, and that they appeal to Joseph���  who seems to be all-powerful with* the  Dunsmuir government���for assistance  when their official positions are in danger. All this would be a trifle amusing,  were it not for the fact that it is the  way the game of practical politics is  played in British Columbia.  ciples of municipal ownership of, public  utilities, but on a showdown is always  found on the side of those who opposed  putting the principle into effect- The  other is opposed to municipal ownership of anything, because he was born  that way. There are five other members of the council, four of whom at  least should be expected to stand ip  for the principles of municipal ownership of utilities on all occasions. The  fifth wabbles a good deal, but he should  occasionally wabble on to the right side.  UNPLEASANT DISCLOSURES ON BRITAIN'S  FAULTY SYSTEM OF MILITARY EDUCATION  STRIKING AT DIVORCE EVILS.  Under a law whicli wont into effect in  New York state the llrst ol" this month,  no lawyer in that commonwealth may solicit divorce soils -by "any circular, pamphlet, card, hand bill, advertisement,  printed paper, book, newspaper or notico  ol' any kind." This law is designed to  suppress the shysters who, by advertising  "divorce without publicity." stimulate the  business. Another New York law which  has just gone inlo effect makes it impossible to get a dual decree of divorce  until three months after the filing of the  decision by the court. In New York the  granting of absolute divorce has always  been   restricted   to   violation   of   the   mar-  It seems strange that men who denounce "Joe" Martin when secluded in  tire council chambers of local Liberal  associations appeal to . Joseph when  their official heads are in danger; and  it is equally strange that Joseph should  return good for evil.  LEA VE  Daily  9:00 a. m  1:00 p. m.  kaslo & slogan  Railway   Khs'o     Sandon   ARRIVE  Daily  3:15 p.m.  11:25 a m.  -TH E__N E LS.QN_TRI BUN E  Founded in 1S92.  JOHN HOUSTON, Proprietor  Editorial and Business Offlce  Room 9, Madden Block.  The Nelson Tribune Is served by carrier  to subscribers in Nelson or sent by mall  to any address ln Canada or the United  States, for one dollar a year; price to Great  Britain, postage paid, $1.50. No subscription taken for less, than a year.  SATURDAY,  SEPTEMBER 13, 1902.  Dominion Day, Victoria Day, Christmas Day, New Year's Day, and Labor  Day have been made national holidays  by statute law.    One is celebrated because it is the day upon which Canada  became a nation; another is celebrated  as the birthday of a woman who ruled  the British  empire  with  great wisdom  for over half a century; another is celebrated   the   world   over   because   it  is  the natal day of the man who helped  deliver the world from the bondage of  idoltary and fanticism;  another is celebrated because it is the day on whicli  good resolutions are supposed to be put  into practice;  the last is celebrated by  people who labor for wages.    No patriotic citizen should object to the cel-  bration of 'either of these days, no matter what may be his national, political,  religious, or other ideas or feelings, and  every   man   wishing   to   observe   these  days as holidays should be allowed the  privilege.    No man  should  be coerced  into working on these days.    The more  intense     the     patriotic    feeling,     the  stronger and better will be the people  of a  country.   Individuals who are  in  a position to make an ostentatious display   of   either   their   power    or    their  wealth should have the privilege of do-  MR. FLETCHER'S SPEECH.  I did not insult my fellow citizens of  Canadian   or   English   birth.     I  said:  "The tone of patriotism is low in Seattle, for we are contaminated by Canadians  dropping down on us  from  the  north.    Not the Canadians who come  to us body and soul whom we welcome  and honor, but the scrub parasites who  hang on to their subjectivity.   Canada,  that plague spot on this free continent!  .Brazil, Argentine, Mexico, all threw off  the hated yoke of royalty. Canada alone  is proud of her subjectivity.     * _ _ *     *  These  people  take  the   places   of  the  sons of the pioneers and usurp the inheritances of our honored dead, and are  incapable of appreciating the first prin-  ples of American citizenship, 'No taxation without representation.'   The presence of these pestiferous people,  busy  as bed bugs, account for the fact that  on the Pacific Coast and in Seattle, there  are few that question the right of over  50,000 Americans to make their own local laws."  The Kaslo Kootenaian, whose political editor was defeated in 1900 when a  candidate for member of the legislative  assembly for Slocan riding, wants to  know what good legislation the six  members for Kootenay have secured during the three sessions they have attended. For the information of the  political editor of the Kootenaian, it can  be stated with authority that if the  Kootenay delegation in the legislative  assembly has not been able to secure  any good legislation, it has been eminently successful in preventing the kinilj  of legislation that would have been  favored by the Kootenaian's political  editor had he been successful in obtaining a seat in the legislative assembly  as the member from Slocan riding.  No one expects mayor Fletcher to be  open and above-board on any proposition, aud no one expects alderman  Selous to be other than a reactionist.  The one poses as a believer in the prin-  A A ��J�� A .J. A A A A A  It Is worth something to buy your  stationery where  the styles are correct.  We buy direct from the maker. No  middleman to work off his dead stock on  us as "the latest thing."  "We keep abreast of the times. "We know  what's right. Our prices are as right as  our styles.  -  Prices all the way from ten cents to a  dollar per box.  Pound packages at ounce prices.  Canada Drug & Book  Company, Ltd.  The report of the committee on military education and the minutes of the  evidence  taken  before   it,   which   was  published  in a   condensed   form   some  weeks ago, have now been for several  days in the hands of the public,    it is  not often,  remarks  the London  Globe,  that  a  blue  book  bites  deep  into  the  national conscience, or, indeed, attracts  attention at all outside the circle of experts immediately concerned in it.   AVe  hope that the present instance may be  a  marked   exception,  and   wc  have  no  hesitation in saying that unless the report,   and  still  more  the  personal  testimony of the witnesses, is studied and  taken   to   heart,   the  great  catastrophe  which  we have hitherto  providentially  escaped cannot long be averted.    With  the general   conclusions   of   the   committee our readers are already familiar:  into many of the issues raised, the precise number of marks, for instance, to  be allotted to Latin as compared with  physical science, the layman will naturally decline to enter.    But the simple  and   appalling  fact  remains   that   the  present system, the system under which  our officers were trained for the South  African  war,  is  condemned   as   rotten  from   start  to   finish.    The  antecedent  education of army candidates,'their intermediate  education  and  the military  training  of  the  young  officer   are   all  branded  with the same reproach.    An  exception   must   be   made   in   favor   of  Woolwich and the scientific corps whose  officers are trained there, but the regimental officers, in the cavalry and infantry  alike,   are  shown  to  be  handicapped  from a period  antecedent even  to  their  entering the  service by  false  ideals.    Our readers will remember the  outcry raised  some years ago  against  bayonets that bent   and   swords   that  broke.    But it is now demonstrated to  the    world    that    that   weapon   which  should be of the finest temper and the  keenest edge,  namely,  the British  officer, has not undergone a single one of  the processes requisite to make him an  instrument to be relied on in the day  of  need.     Grumblers  and   critics   have  often asserted this before, but we have  it now on the authority of the highest  officials in the army.    The commander-  in-chief,   adjutant-general,  the military  secretary, the director of military education,   are  all  agreed   that  while  the  British officer, like his fellow-countryman in the ranks, is the finest raw material   in  the world,  every  obstacle is  imposed in the way of his learning his  profession. (  It is not easy to repress ones  indi.  nation in reading the evidence as to the  imperfection and rottenness of the system which is given apparently without  a  pang of self-reproach  by  those  who  for years  have   been    most   concerned  witli the education and training of our  oilicers.     On   whom   does   the   primary  responsibility rest if not on them? Have  they ever uttered a  word of warning?  Is it not notorious that up till the outbreak of hostilities in South Africa we  were assured in the stereotyped phrases  that the army had  never been  so efficient for war?    A heavy  burden  must  be borne by those who have acquiesced  during  their  whole   official   career   in  what  they   now   acknowledge   to   be   a  humbug and a sham.   Take the case of  Sandhurst.    There  is  a sort  of  cynicism in the way in which its ludricrous  inefficiency was   acknowledged    by  the  witnesses before the committee.   Those  who have passed through it themselves,  those who have had friends or relations  there, and  even those who only know  it through cursory visits have all been  aware of the real state of the case- The  heads of the army now admit the impeachment in every detail but they have  allowed the bulk of the regimental officers to be educated there year in and  year out without an effort at improvement.    The officers are admitted to be  incompetent to drill the cadets, the future cavalry man is not taught the elements of stable management or horsemanship, there is no instruction in rifle  shooting,   though    excellent   range  accommodation  is available,  and the cadets are  not even taught the mechanism of the modern  rifle.    But,  on  the  other hand, they are required to pipeclay their own buff waist belts!    Thus  trained  and  educated,   they  are  pitchforked  into regiments where from  the  hour   they   join  they   are   taught   that  "shop" is "bad form." that keenness in  professional subjects in the junior ranks  is to  be repressed at. all hazards.    To  combine a maximum of amusement and  a minimum  of instruction is the ideal  which   is  impressed   upon    the  newly-  gazetted subaltern.    "The officers don't  trouble themselves much about reading,  but the men have a rattling good library  and reading   room,"   is   an   admission  quoted in this morning's Times which  so many of us must have heard from  the lips of gallant young soldiers.    It  is not merely that the reading of military history and professional literature  is   neglected,   but   the   commissioners  have  to  deplore a well-nigh  universal  lack of technical  knowledge and skill,  and of any wish  to study the science,  and master the art of their profession.  It   seems   ungracious   to   dwell   upon  such   facts    when    the   gallantry,    the  self-sacrifico,   and   the   unflinching   devotion to duty of the regimental officer  in South Africa is still fresh before us.  Hut   when   wo    remember    how    many  priceless   lives   were   lost   through   this  want of technical  instruction,  through  the lack of initiative, which are all part  and parcel of our defective military instruction,   the   unpalatable   truth   must  be driven home.   How many calamaties  and aching   hearts    might    have been  spared us had some of the officers who  were quartered at Ladysmith for month.,  before   the   war   taken   the   trouble   to  reconnoitre the    country    round about  them.    Yet  on  the    30th     October,  to  name a single day.    Sir George AVhite  might have been  manoeuvring in central   Asia   for   all   the   information   his  staff  gave    him.    Nor  is   the    serious  study    of  the   profession     inconsistent  with   the   most  headlong   bravery,   the  most  calculated    daring    in   the" field-  Again and again did our highly trained  artillery officers cover themselves with  glory, and it wa.s owing to the splendid  heroism cf two young engineer officers  that   the  great  assault  on   Ladysmith  was stemmed in its most critical hour.  The   first  step   at  reform   m.ust   be   to  make the army a profession for officers,  with  the same incentives to work, the  same   prospects   of   reward,   whicli   influence  human   nature   in   other   walks  of life.    Promotion by merit, detection  and  punishment of idleness  and incapacity, must rule in the army as they  rule elsewhere.   AVe fully appreciate the  difficulties which surround the question.  As long as the officer is  insufficiently  paid,  it is difficult to get a full day's  work   from   Inn,   and.   moreover,   many  a man of the right sort is kept out of  tlie army, and  particularly out of  tire  cavalry, where he is most wanted, because of a vicious system of regimental  and   extra   professional   expenses.    On  the other hand, to throw open the door  too wide might bring- in an undesirable  class of a lower social  grade, entering  the service for the sake of loaves and  fishes.   The English army, based on voluntary service, must always be officered  by  gentlemen. . The brutal  methods of  continental discipline which enable the  low-born  officer to hold his men in  a  grasp of iron can never win acceptance  here.    The British  officer is compelled  to ride with a light rein, and this is an  art   to   which   few  save   gentlemen   of,  birth   and   breeding   can    attain.    The  commission through the ranks may still   ���  remain  as  an   incentive;   it can  never  be adopted as the regular avenue to a  commission. '  ^totototototototototototo to totototototototototototofc  j Job Printing f  riage vow. Under the old divorce law the  innocent party to a divorce was free to  take another husband of wife as soon as  the decree was granted. The guilty party  was prohibited from remarrying during  the life of the plaintiff, except with the  express permission of the court, on showing good behavior for live years.- But this  prohibition was a dead letter, as the courts  held it was no violation of the statute for  a prohibited person to get married in another state and return to New York to  live. Under the new law, both parties  must wait three months after the decision is rendered before marrying again.  This will give time to ascertain whether  the divorce has been obtained by fraudulent means. These new laws will, ��� it is  hoped, put an end to some flagrant abuses  and work genuine reform.  �����������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������  E. FERGUSON & CO.  ���......  a  The mayor should, when the city expects guests, go off on a prospecting  trip, and leave one ot" the aldermen to  see to it that the usual courtesies are  extended. If none of the aldermen can  find time, the secretary of the local  tourislt association could be called on.  Everyone to his trade, and it is evident  now that Nelson's mayor is not, by  trade, an entertainer.  The Conservatives of Nelson riding  can be depended on to make a good  showing at the polls, when the occasion  arrives, if only the party has the good  sense to adopt a platform that presents  live and progressive issues. Sir John  A. Macdonald was a great leader, but  the Conservative party cannot regain  power on his achievements. Young men  are coming to the front, and they think  of tomorrow, not of the dead past.  We  do all kinds' of  The figures presented by The Tribune  last week clearly show how unfair to  this section is the present tariff discriminations against what is produced  by our mines. The product of our  mines has the minimum of protection,  while the products of the Eastern Canadian farms and manufacturing establishments have the maximum. Tho  Eastern Canadian, although protected  by import duties that range from 25 to  except the poor kind.  Should you need  Office Stationery,  Price  Lists,  Circulars, Posters,  Pamphlets,  or printed matter of  any description, we  can   guarantee   you  Satisfaction  as to  Quality and Price.  SHERIFF*S SALE.  Province of British Columbia, Nelson,  West Kootenay���to-wit:  By virtue of a Writ of Fieri Facicis, issued out of the Supreme Court of British  Columbia, at the suit of The Hudson's Bay  Company, plaintiffs, and to me directed  against the goods and chattels of Mac-  Donald Brothers, defendants.  I have seized and taken in execution all  tnTTlghlTtitlf^nd^intWe  fendants, McDonald Brothers, in those  certain goods nou in the saloon portion of the building knocn as the Balmoral, situate on lot 4, block 5, City of  Sandon, B. C, and consisting in part of  bar counter uith fixtures and fittings attached, mirrors, drawers and cupboards,  cash register, chairs, tables, safe, glassware, liqueurs, bath tubs, and other goods,  to recover the sum of four hundred and  thirty-one dollars and forty-five cents  ($431.45) and also interest on $427.95 at 5 per  centum per annum from the 17th day of  August, 1901, until payment, besides sheriff's poundage, ofiice fees, and all other  legal incidental expenses. All of which I  shall expose for sale, or sufficient thereof  to satisfy said judgment, debt and costs  upon the said Balmoral premises In the  City of Sandon, B. C, on Friday, the 12th  day of September, 1902, at the hour of  three o'clock in the afternoon.  NOTE: Intending purchasers will satisfy themselves as to interest and title of  the said defendants.  Dated at Sandon, B. C, the 4th day of  September,  1902. S. P. TUCK.  Sheriff of South Kootenay.  Tho  above  goods   and  chattels  may   be  seen   and   inspected   upon   application   to  Charles Gates in the said Balmoral building.  ��� '  THE  LARGEST EXCLUSIVE  WHOLESALE  DEALERS IN  WINES,  LIQUORS  AND CIGARS  IN   SOUTHEASTERN  BRITISH   COLUMBIA  VERNON  ST.  Sole B. C  Agents for  BEGG'S  ROYAL  LOCHNAGAR  SCOTCH  WHISKY  The Whisky AVIthout a  Headache.  Hoggs is Distiller to  II.K.1I. King Edward Arll  By Rojal A Van-ant  NELSON, B.C.  ��� -  i.........�����������������������������������  ��������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������  GEO. M. GUNN  Maker  of  First-class  Hand-made  Boots  and Shoes.     Ward Street, next new Post-  office Building, Nelson, B. C.  Repairing    Neatly    and    Promptly    Done  Satisfaction Guaranteed in all AVork  CERTIFICATE OF IMPROVEMENTS.  NOTICE.  Katblecne   mineral   claim,   situate   in   the  Nelson Mining Division of AVest Kootenay   District.     AVhere   located���Between  Forty-nine and Eagle creeks,  Nelson.  Take  notice that AVilliam N.  Rolfe and  Arthur   E.   Hodgins,   Free   Miners'   Certl-  Recorder shrdlu etaoin shrdlu cmfwypdrw  flcate  No.   500W,  A.   E.   Hodgins,   exempt,  intend,   sixty  days from  the  date  hereof,  to apply to the Mining Recorder for a certificate of  Improvements,  for  the purpose  of obtaining a Crown Grant of the above  claim.  And further take notice that action, under section 37, must be commenced before  the issuance of such Certificate of Improvements.  Dated this 5th day of September, A. D.  1902.  'Tis a EilirMorrTfouBlr^^  But will repay you to go to east end of  Baker street, Tremont block, and leave  your orders for suits, etc., with  A. GEE, Merchant Tailor-  He lias on hand a large assortment of  choice Imported fall and winter goods  that will please you. His reputation  for stylishly cut, well made garments  is fully established arid well known.  His Prices Are Reasonable  SEWING MACHINES  AND PIANOS  FOR RENT AND FOR SALE  Old Curiosity Shop, Josephit-e St., Nelson  UNION MEETINGS.  NELSON MINERS' UNION, NO. 90, AV. F.  M.���Meets every Salurday evening at 7.30  o'clock. AArage scale for Nelson district:  Machine miners, $3.50; hainmersmen, $3.25;  mine laborers, $3. Samuel L. Peacock,  president; James Wilks, secretary. Visiting brethern cordially invited.  -^    �������������������������������*�� ��� 0 �� H->*HH��i>*>fH-����'��*��4H*H4-*H**H*H ���������������. ��� ��������������*�� ++++++++++*���* *�������������*������������������������������������������  11 Nelson Saw and Planing Mills, Limited. I   ^3VC^-^TTT_?'-_-.Oa?TrB-3_-.S = I  THE DAILY  Nelson,  NEWS I  ^'MV.$ytofwiMty$totototo to totototototototototototo��  Lumber, Lath, Sash, Doors, Mouldings, and all kinds of  Factory Work.  KILN-DRIED LUMBER FOR THE NORTHWEST TERRITORY TRADE A SPECIALTY.  COAST FLOORING AND CEILING KEPT IN STOCK  J Office and Mills at Foot of Hall Street,  NELSON,  B.C. I  .Ar The Nelson Tribune  HOW LARRY McNOOGAN'S COW LEFT ITS  IMPRESS ON THE ILLINOIS LEGISLATURE  However complex the clockwork, when  the train of wheels is all in position il re-  c-tiircs but slight force to start the pendulum going.  In tliis particular case, lvarry McNoognn's  cow ran against the pendulum and started  the swinging which before it ceased made  the  clockwork   sound  an  alarm   that   was  beard   all   over   the   state.     Tlio   red   and  white  beast  must  yield   to  one  other  cow  in  Illinois annals, but in the political Held  she was the most important  factor of bo-  vino character whicli   that commonwealth  ever  knew,   even   in   the   state  where   the  milking of cows is much  talked of at  the  capital each alternate winter.  ���  She gave up her life, il is true, bul Larry  did all he could to prevent that catastrophe.  Indeed, that is how it an came about. The  cow  managed  in  some  way  to get  within  the enclosed right of way of the railroad,  and   when   Jjarry   tried   to   drive   her   out  where the wires joined tlie hedge and could  be separated, she became frolicsome.    The  '���Jacksnlpe"   wa.s  coming  and    being    the  fastest train oil the road,  il could not afford to slow down on the chance that the  man  would   fail   to  keep  the   cow  off  the  track.     The   engineer   blow   sundry   short  blasts with  his whistle,  as legal notice  to  all   concerned,   but   when   the    cow,    with  Larry a rod behind her, started across the  rails at tlie most inopportune moment, the  pilot  threw  her high in  tlie air,  gave her  a  complete  turn  to starboard,  and  landed  her upon I_arry himself with  the force of  a   missile   from   a   sixteenth-century   catapult.  The company, under me circumstances,  did not think it wise to send its surgeon,  and the doctor who set Larry's broken leg  managed to leave him with both a stiff  ankle and a false joint, half-way between  the knee and the foot, which contributed  more to his lameness than did the lack .of  a joint at  the ankle.  The lawyer that I.arry went to see as  soon as lie got out on crutches, was not  certain about the legal right to recover, but  felt sure that the railroad would compromise iho case for something, and, of course,  agreed with his client mat the company  ought to pay for both the cow and the  lameness, although, a.s he well knew, railroads never pay any claims they can fight.  Larry told his story better each "time lie  came to town and called on his attorney,  industriously practicing in the interims different variations of expression'in order to  choose the one whicli would make his evidence weigli  heaviest with  the jury.  His lawyer, who wa.s to get half the receipts, was equally hard at work planning  his-attack on the claim ngent of the company, in order to insure success as far as  possible. He first wrote a formal letter  informing the road that he represented  Lawrence P. McNoogan; and he thought  it worth while to have the county clerk  copy this for him on a type writer. AAlien  this, and several other letters, some of  which were in pen text because the clerk-  was out of town and1 the deputy was not  on good terms'with tho attorney, remained  unanswered, he filed a suit for twenty  thosand dollars, and waited for the attorney of the road to call upon him. But the  answer was tiled by mail the last day but  ono within the statutory provision, and the  lawyer deemed it best to impress the importance of his case upon the company by  going past two division points and .superintendents to call upon the general manager. Right here' i.s where tlie pendulum  started upon Its first full beat with accelerating force. The general manager had  just authorized a draft of considerable size  upon the company's treasury for Ihe right  of way across the last piece of land upon  tho new extension, and the reception of the  lawyer was at llrst very cold and a little  later very heated. Compromise was not  the password to tlie company's strong-box  that day, and before the lawyer reached  the street tile general manager's stenographer had taken down this, to go by wire:  "N. C. SHACKLETT, AVarsaw: Please  give enough personal attention to McNoogan case to beat it without any chance  of failing. -1 'want that case won with peculiar smoothness and directness, for special   reasons. J.P.   NORTON."  AVhen ex-senator Shacklett, general counsel for the Chicago, Galesburg and Mississippi railway���it Is a great bother to  ^hTxv^to^oTOMri^  so carefully���had the papers brought to  him he smiled at the idea of taking time  from tho leased line receivership .case to  attend so simple and absurd a suit; but  be wrote the road's local attorney to get  the case to trial as soon as possible and  nolify him at as early a'date as might be  when it would come up, as he intended to  be there himself.  The hotel was not a good one, but it  wa.s the only one in the town, and it had  for dinner the first day Shacklett was there  some hot biscuits that made him rather  like the place. He .spent nearly all the  afternoon telling Hie congressman he had  known in Washington about his life when  he was a young man on tho farm in southern Illinois, wlieiv nobody ever thought of  any other kind of bread than hot biscuits  anil corn bread. When he strolled out for a  walk before supper, lie as rather ceremoniously accosted by Larry McNoogan's attorney, who invited him into the dingy  little room upstairs, where the sign and  half a hundred sheep-bound books indicated that the lawyer had his lair. It wa.s only  live minutes afterward that Shacklett came  out, stopping in the door to .say, in a voice  that could be heard down the stairs and  across  the sidewalk:  "I begin to understand why Mr. Norton  asked me lo come up here and give my  personal attention to this suit. You arc  without doubt tlio smallest- souled cur and  the biggest ass that the supreme court  over admitted to practice. You contemptible knothole in the bar, you microbe of  putrefaction, if you think you can buy me  with any little twenty centuries you  haven't got sense enough to file a saw or  a note for collection. You want to understand that if you live to be as old as the  other devil is, you'll never get a cent out  of this case. I'm going to keep you from  geting a cent now, if I have to give all  my time to you for the next ten years.  You mark that right down, on the fly-leaf  of your Haines's treatise, for I suppose  that's the only law book you ever open."  And Shacklett came down the short and  narrow stairway with his eyes flashing  and his head up In that way that made  those who knew him best turn to avoid  him.  - When the trial started, the next day,  there was no prospect of any features of  special interest in the case. The local attorney for tho company had pleaded contributory negligence on tho part of the  plaintiff in running toward the rapidly approaching   train,   after   He   had   become   a  trespasser, without any rights, on tlie property of the company. Larry interrupted  the lawyer once to imiuire whether he expected a man to let his only cow stay in  there without trying to get her out, and  the court had some difficulty in suppressing his interjections during the preliminaries.  Shacklett had done nothing but see that  the papers were without any loophole, und  merely sat by tlie local attorney of the  road, thinking of oilier things, while tho  case went along to the selection of a jury.  Then he sat leaning his folded hands on a  table and looking straight into tlie eyes of  each one of the venire as the man took the  chair for examination as 10 his qualifications. He allowed tho other lawyer to ask  all the questions, but twice he curtly took  his right of peremptory challenge, and told  his junior confrere that he could nol explain just why ho knew it, but the man  was certainly crooked.  Larry told the story of his cow and her  untimely fate better than he had ever told  It before, and Shacklett grew interested in  the man. Larry testified that his condition  was very serious indeed,- and the leg with  a joint in the wrong place and no joint at  tlie ankle prevented him from making a  living any more, especially as he had no  cow.  Then a short, heavy, well-knit man, with  straight hair combed back pompadour-  fashion from ft low forehead, aquline nose,  and thin, nearly straight lips, took the  stand and corroborated Larry's story of  how it all happened, with some additional  and very important details. He said that  he was about forty rods away, up the slope  of. the field adjoining- the track, and was  watching Larry's efforts to get tlie cow  through the narrow, improvised gateway  where the wire fence joined the hedge, for  some time before the train came. When  the "Jacksnipe" came down the track, he  gave his attention to the train, as one  naturally would, and noticed that after  whistling the train increased its speed  perceptibly just before il reached Larry  ithd  the cow.  "How much faster did it go?" asked  Larry's attorney.  "Well, it just seemed to leap for'd like  a dog at the end of a chain; I can't say  that it really went much faster, but it  seemed to give a suddint hunch for'd."  "Could you see what the engineer was  doing?"  '"Yes; he had been setting on his seat  leaning out of the window on my side, but  jusl before the train gave the hunch ho  pulled himself inside the cab and did  something to the reverse lever; I think ho  pushed' it for'd, but I'm not sure about  that���it looked that way from where I  was���he did something anyhow, and then  the train seemed to pick itself up and jump  at  that cow."  There was some more of the same kind  of testimony from the witness, while  Larry's attorney looked meaningly at the  jury, and Shacklett at first sat with his  eyes on the man giving the damaging evidence, and then sauntered over to the  pitcher on the bench and took a drink of  water. But by the time the evidence in  chief .was in, he was back in his chair,  and he asked the young attorney by his  ��� side to let him cross-examine this'witness,  ������you were about forty rods away," he  began in quiet tones, "up an incline, on  the right-hand side of the track counting  the way the train came, and you were  watching Mr. McNoogan and the cow. until your attention was attracted to the  train?"  "Yes. sir," .tlie witness replied, straightening himself up and palpably preparing  for  a  tussle.  After going over again the time of day  and the whole story, in which the witness  could hardly have wavered, even if he had  not had it pat, because Shacklett fairly  put his former words into his mouth; and  after emphasizing in a way that made  Larry's attorney smile the most damaging  of the evidence, that the engineer had deliberately and unnecessarily increased the  speed of the train and hit the cow as hard  as possible out of pure wantonness, Shacklett -walked around the table to within a  few feet of the witness-chair.  He leaned forward just a little, brushed  back a lock of hair from his forehead and  i obked "s trai gh t^m  on the stand with his own eyes glittering  in a way that made the witness think of a  snake. His tone was low, but penetrated  every part of the little court room, and  seemed fairly to cause the window sash to  vibrate as ho began, with each word separated just a little from its fellows in his  sentences:  "I.s it not a fact that this lawyer here,  Mr. McNoogan's attorney, on last evening  promised that if you would give this testimony he would give you thirty dollars?"  The local railroad attorney started in astonishment, for he could not conceive of  tlie general counsel's having such information and not mentioning lt to him.  Larry's lawyer sprang to his feet and began a rather disjointed harangue to the  court, the witness, the jury and Shacklett  all at once. Every man on the jury leaned forward and fixed bis eyes on the two  men between whom the questions and answers were being passed. Shackletfs eye  never wavered for the thousandth part of  a second, but seemed to bear on the face  of the witness like some mechanical instrument boring into his brain. The face of  the witness Hushed, became rosy, paled  slightly, and then resumed its natural expression. With that, Shacklett walked  back to his seat and sat down; then he  looked over at the witness expectantly.  The latter said, in a most matter-of-fact  way:  "Yes, sir;  he did."  The physical and linguistic contortions  of Larry's lawyer, and the fact that the  state's attorney, who happened to be in the  room, walked over to the stenographer and  told him to make a transcript of that, have  nothing to do with the present story.  Such matters do not end trials excopt in  stories purely fiction, and it was the next  day before this hearing was finished and  a verdict rendered for the railroad company. Of course, there was a motion for  a new trial formally entered, and this kept  the case alive, at any rate.  "Mr. Shacklett, how in the world did you  find out about it?" the company's attorney  could not help asking, when they were  alone after the sensational session of court.  "Oh, I didn't," laughed Shacklett with  his warm smilo which had in it just a  trace of the analytical geometry that one  of his friends once remarked. "I saw he  was lying; that ass must have paid him  to do that, and tho only question was how  much. That disgrace to the bar wasn't  paying more than was necessary, and I  figured tliat about thirty was the price of  that fellow on the stand. Since lie tried  to buy me, late yesterday afternoon, and  was busy all morning today, the cuss must  have dono it last evening. I Just ran u  cold bluff on my system of play, and il  won."  The pendulum started by Larry's cow,  coming down on another sweep, knocked  Larry off his mental balance and started  Shacklett. off at a tangent, both at once.  Shacklett was in his lillie room upstairs  in tho hotel writing lo his wife, when  with a light knock, more apologetic than  otherwise, Larry entered. Shacklett laid  down his pen and motioned the visitor to  a seat. Lurry began, in a voice so free  from the anger which Shacklett had learned to expect on such occasions, that the  general counsel listened patiently to the  telling of his tale of tribulation.  He had been able lo make both ends  meet, lie said, as long a.s ho could work  and had the cow to give milk for the  children. But since the cow was killed,  and he could not. work, he had been living on money borrowed from some kind  friends on the strength of his lawsuit.  Now there'was nothing ahead but the poor-  house for them all, and that meant separation a little later from the two boys and  three girls. Shacklett was listening across  the table as Larry wont on:  "Now, Misther Shacklett, Oi want ye to  know that Oi'd nawthin* at all to do wid  that dirty loiyer buyin' that man to shwear  to a lie. Oi"m an honest man, Misther  .Shacklett, an' if Oi didn't think the road  ought to pay me for kiliin' me cow an'  shmashin' me leg. Oi wouldn't ask it for  a cint. But ye see how 'tis yerself now,  an' whin Oi saw how ye could look into  a mail's very sowl loike ye did into that  liar's on the witness-sthand, says Oi to me-  self, Oi says, Oi'll go to Misther Shacklett  an' let 'im see that Oi musht have the  money to kape the childhren wid, now that  Oi can't wurrk an' haven't anny cow. Ye  won yer suit all roight, but Oi came to  ask ye, Misther Shacklett, if ye wouldn't  pay me the money annywny. Av course  Oi don't want twinty thousan ddollars, but  two thousand dollars'd bring me in a hun-  In'.s loiter lo his wife, and wrote:  "it has been a hard ca.se for me, because  tlie fellow is really in a pitiable condition  a.s a result of the accident, and is crazed  by his present .situation, i wish 1 could  do something for hlni, bul tho way his  fool of an attorney talked to Norton and  to me makes il necessary that 1 keep bearing down his client. I havo got to fight  that whlppcisnappor to a standstill, but I  urn sorry that he is connected Willi this  Irishman, who is as nearly all right as his  lawyer is ail wrong. If tlie Irishman had  seen ine before ho hired his lawyer, and I  had known what 1 do now, 1 would have  recommended thai the company give liim  at least a switch-stand; but I do not see  bow 1 can do anything for him now, for  my opinion as a lawyer must be that he  has no case at all. But somehow, it worries   me."  "Say Shacklett, can't, you run over to  Springfield and look into that bill for the  regulation of railroads with termini on  river boundaries of the state, otherwise  the Chicago, Uulesburg and Mississippi  railway? It is the most peculiar sandbagging measure I ever had held over my head,  and I imagine is's worthy of your Interest."  general manager Norton was saying during a chat over many affairs of the road  in   the private  office.  "Sorry," replied the general counsel,  "but when I stipulated in tlie beginning  that I should attend only to strictly legal  business, I did it especially to preclude my.  ever having to work for the road at any  capital. I want to be free to introduce a  sandbagging bill myself," he laughed, "and  I'm not going to do anything which will  tend in the least to show tha I ought to  be for the road in the legislature. If I'm  elected justice of the peace some time, I  shall feel bound by my contract to decide  all cases in your favor; but if I go to the  legislature, I'm free to vote against you  every time if I want to."  Norton laughed loo, and Shacklett continued:  "But I see no objection to recommending good men to you for that work, if  they're my friends. Now there's young McKee, of my town, who is a statesman out  of a job, since he lost a committee-clerkship, and he can manage your lobby for  you this winter as well as anybody, and  better than some you've had there lately.  I wish you'd give him the place, and I'll  guarantee   his  quality."  game, and enough money to do it that he  wauls to spend in that way���how can he  make anything by it?" Mr. McKee asked  boldly, hoping that the candor of the other  man would extend to some valuable information.  "1 don't know how he's going to make  anything by tlie bill passing," was tlie reply, and to toll te truth I don't know exactly who ho is, but I know he's spending  hardly any money. 1 didn't say lie was,  did 1? There's other valuable considerations around here besides legal tender, ain't  there?"  "I see," said McKee, with puckered lips;  "it's inllueuce. Who has the appointments?  The governor and the senator; but what  are they up to? We might satisfy them  in some oilier way, if they'll only state  what thoy want."  "No; it's not the governor nor the senator, I'm pretty sure from what I know,  lt seems to me, young man, that you'd  better post up on the situation before you  expect to bust the machine you're up  against. I wouldn't teil you if I knew  who's behind the measure, but I will tell  you that I get out of it certain things that  will be worth more to me than any money  that's paid around here very often."  McKee felt that his future wus at stake,  for if he executed this job for the railroad,  Norton would keep him for years in charge  of his lobby at Springfield at a good salary  and with plenty of chances to pick up  something besides. But it he failed, somebody else would succeed him before the  session was a week older. He knew that  results are the measure of efficiency in the  lobby, and that there was no argument in  anything else. He saw the bill referred to  committee and heard the chairman tell its  sponsor that it would be reported back  the following week; he saw member after  member suddenly take an interest in the  bill, and the only light he got was by  noticing that those. whose terms expired  with the session and who would be up  again soon for re-election composed the  principal part of those sending the bill  along toward passage and signature. He  soon found out that tlie governor would  sign the bill if it passed, and would not  meddle in the matter or consider it before  the bill had got through the legislature.  In despair, ho ran down to AVarsaw one  morning and  saw Shacklett.  "I understand you guaranteed  my value  to the company." he said, "and I came to  VIEW OF NELSON���Looking East.  Photo  by   U'adds.  Nelson.  dhred and sixty dollars a year at eight per  cint, an' Oi could live on .that wid the  childhren."  Shacklett did not feel like smiling. He  was looking at Larry all the time the latter was speaking, and wishing that he  could make him a present of the money  without prejudice to the road. But that  it could not be clone after the. bungling'of  "Larry'tnawyerT'lie saw-at-once. lTe~di~d~  not try to make Larry understand the intricacies of the matter, but in a very kind  tone told him that it was impossible without allowing the lawyer to annoy the com  pany for years to come.  "But ye musht," said Larry, in the  same monotone. "Ye see- 01 musht have  the money or we can't live���at laste to-  gither, an' Oi won't live apart from the  childhren." And Larry fumbled the buttons on his coat with his fingers, at first  spasmodically    and    thou    bunglngly.    A'c  musht,  Misther  Shacklett *'  and  at   the  last word the general counsel was looking into the barrel of a forty-four caliber  revolver.  Shacklett did not think of tho sins he  had committed during forty-odd years, nor  did he think of calling for help. Tlio laL-  ter would have been worse llian useless,  and the former only happens in fiction  when n man faces death. Shnekletl simply  noted- the great similarity in the conditions to that night twenty years before  when he was a committee clerk at Springfield and tho Chicago gambler had undertaken to win tho jack-pot with a blue-steel  card having seven spots in the cylinder;  that, too, was in a little room in a hotel,  across a table very much like this, and  Shacklett noticed that this was the same  make of revolver as tlie other one he had  looked into. All this went through his  mind like a kinetscopc running away, because there was another kind of man behind tho gun this timo. Shacklett without  a shade of hesitation assumed an air of  succumbing to the inevitable, and readied  for his pen as he remarked:  "If I must I must, 1 suppose: at any  rate,   I'll  give you  the  company's  check."  He reached the pen toward the ink-  bottle with his right hand, and moved  aside a paper with his left. The next  moment, Hie ink bottle had struck Larry  full in the face and knocked him over  backward to the floor. Before lie had  fairly landed, Shacklett was over the table  and upon him, and although Larry had  mucels seasoned by many summers and  winters of hard labor, he found his arms  in vises, with his elbows against his sidos  and his hands up at his shoulders���a trick  that Shacklett had learned from a doctor  accustomed to the giving of anesthetics.  Tho revolver was nut of the way on Ihe  floor,  ahd  Shacklett was saying:  "Whenever you give me your word of  honor that you'll not kick up any more.  fuss here tonight, I'll let you up."  After Larry had gone, Shacklett finished  Norton looked at his desk to bide the  smile in his eyes at Ihe metaphysics involved in Shackletfs chosen position when it  was all worked out, and responded that  McKee would be sent for that afternoon.  McKee found that the bill to-regulate  Ills particular road- was peculiar in that it  displayed an astonishing amount of detailed knowledge of the conduct of__ra.ilroads,  Trmniieir^i^  deeply hidden. . Tlio strangest thing was  that a member from far down in "Egypt,"  who had been raising horses and wheat for  thirty years, should happen to light upon  so many particularly distasteful features  and gel them into one bill. Of course, a  lawyer bad written it, but the member  made no secret of the fact that he had  caused his son-in-law, a lawyer in a country town, to lix up the language and insert "said" and "provided*' in tlie proper  places.  The lobbyist in charge of the Interests  of tile railroad spent a week studying the  member who Introduced the bill, and then  decided to seek elsewhere for nn.opcning in  the lines of" the enemy. The member certainly wa.s in earnest, and, curiously  enough,  was  honest In  his  views.  ���"1'heiv's bills enough bein' introduced  here," lie said, "an* 1 wouldn't add Lo the  straw cumin 'out of the thresbln' machine  If I didn't believe thai a bill like mine  oughler bo passed. You fellers can't understand tlie farmer any more than the  farmer can understand you. so I don't see  much use of our argering. But I expect  to find enough members hero who can understand it to get it passed���that is, if  you don't buy up too many o* 'em. I  hain't goin" to preach about your corrupt  methods, for all's fair In war, an* that's  the way you light. But it* I can beat you  with my onw little game, I'm going to  do it."  Then McKee wont to two or three members who had shown themselves earnest  supporters of tlio farmer member's bill,  lie got little satisfaction from them. One  of them talked about the oppression by  capital, and the danger to the country  from corporation greed and the other  tilings, so glibly that McKee knew that he  did not believe what he was saying and  was using it for a mask. But he found  it impossible to pull off the mask. Only  one of* them wa.s candid with him, and this  one said:  "Young man. I know pretty well what  your road's worth, and within a few thousand what it has to spend; but what 1  want to tell you that you're raised out of  this game and are playing in too rich  company for your blond. 11* this bill lilt  other roads so they .mild pool, lliey would  probably break the push behind the bill;  but your one ma.I can't do It by itself,  and I know il. and you'll find il out by  failing  lo   weaken   our  side."  "But who can have enough affirmative  interest ill this thing to raise us out uf the  toil you that you'll have to meet the paper  when its due, from the present outlook.  I never saw such a close combination behind any bill as there is behind this one,  and it's as powerful as it's invisible, it's  like a big trolley car pushing along with  the dynamo hid in a swamp and the swamp  not on the mail. If you won't gel into that  side of the road's affairs, can't you help  TSHnierscmally'f^tnW  tinciion." And McKee tried hard to laugh.  "I think you can work it out, if you go  at it right," Shacklett said, with lillie display of interest. "It's always the best  rule to bunch your shots, in legislatures  as well as in righting in the navy. Now If  it were I, although I'm nnl posted enough  to know much about this ease, I'd let the  main line of privates and non-coms alone  and fire all my ammunition aL one shot at  the commander-in-chief. That might work  ���but 1 can't tell, of course, as well lis you  can when you've been there so long."  "Thai "so long' was unkind," walled  MeKce; ���'and bow can I do that when I  can't llnd out who the commander-in-chief  is? J*d give half what Norton allowed ine  to find that out."  Slinekletl laid down Ihe law book which  he had been furtively reading while lli'-.v  were talking, and looked up at .McK'-e for  almost   file   first   lime.  "I'll tell you frankly," he said, (bat 1  don't want to have anything to do with  this pari of the company's business, and  I don't want to talk lo you about it: but  evidently the chairman of the committee  that has the bill knows his business and  knows whom lie is working for: now why  don't you go to him and talk business from  the jump? Kind out what will bring him off  the perch ami I lien shoot il at him. That's  what I'd do. But I don't even advise you  to do it, nor suggest it to you for action.  Let me do something else for you, and  don't mix mo  up in  this  thing,  please."  McKee wont out vexed, but the more lie  thought of the plan Shacklett had laid  down, the bettor lie liked it, and at any  rate there was nothing else to do as far  as he could see. So, as soon as lie got  back, lie asked the cninmitli e chairman up  to his room al the hotel, having casually  met him  in  the corridor.  "I've been thinking that you folks weren't  taking much Interest in thai bill," the  chairman replied to .MeKee's opening, "and  there's not the leasl doubt that it will  make farmer votes for me and the rest of  them by tlio wagon-bed full. What benefit do you think the slate will derive  from its defeat thai is greater than a  wagon-bed  full  of ballots?"  "A hundred thousand dollars more," said  McKee,. quietly  and   firmly.  "Then bunt up somebody fo pay tho  money to, and your hand full of artistic  engravings is lnlt<r than theirs full of  cheap job printing. That lets me out, of  course. I don't mind telling you, so that  you'll   understand   it,   that  a  hundred   mil  lion dollars is no temptation to me, and I  think you ought to know it yourself if  you're capable of earning your salary in  the third  house."  "Senator," said McKee, grouping in  darkness again and at the extreme end  of his string, "would you mind telling the  unknown, invisible, impalpable, uulindable,  indefinite spook that drew that bill and is  pushing it along here like a heavy express  train on a down grade, that if it will tell  me the mystic words which will send it  back where il belongs, and stop its Infernal work in tills legislature, I'll say them,  and I don't care what they are. I'm exceeding the limit given me, but 1 don"t  care. I'll give the road away and hunt  another one to work for, bul I'll kill this  sandbagging bill if I have to sell the devil  my well-earned right to the chairmanship  of his committee on thermostats and apparatus."  Tlie chairman leaned back and laughed  heartily, while McKee continued to scowl,  "Oil, yes; I'll be medium for you," he said.  "Come to my room tomorrow evening at  eight o'clock, after I've had my great  materializing seance."  When McKee kept the appointment, he  sat down without a word, and while he  looked expectantly at the chairman, he  said nothing, for he was thoroughly discouraged and disgusted with me problem  that had not only no solution by any  known rules, but not even a point of attack. The chairman's eyes twinkled at the  remembrance of his last speech at the  hotel, as. he opened the conversation  briskly.  "There's one way to beat that bill," he  said, "and only one: I will never report  it out of committee, and you can go into  the  committee  room  and  steal   it  if  you  want to,  provided "  McKee leaned forward almost over the  table and looked straight into the chairman's eyes, which only continued to laugh  back at him. A twinkle is a mask for the  eyes that nothing can penetrate or pass  .behind, and McKee was furious, although  he did not dare to show it. He kept silent  and perfectly motionless for the several seconds that the chairman paused. Then the  latter went on���  "Provided,,that you pay the sum of five  thousand dollars in cash, with a contract  ; for suitable employment for life,  to Lawrence P. McNoogan."  "AVo"ll do It," snapped out McKee, like  the breaking of a taut violin-string. "But  who the devil is Lawrence P. McNoogan?"  "He is the plaintiff in a suit against your  road for damages resulting from the killing of his cow and the breaking of his  leg, which suit is now appealed from the  refusal of the trial court to give him a ne*,\  hearing. His lawyer is out of the case,  having given it up in disgust and because  he is busy defending himself from various  .criminal charges. Since he has no attoi-  n.y now, it will be necessary for your road  to appear and of Its own motion allow the  granting of a new trial and then consent  to the entering of judgment for five thousand dollars. He won't need to employ  another lawyer then."  Even if McKee had failed to find the  mechanism concealed ln the box, it was  pretty evident that the pendulum started  by Larry's cow was still swinging. What  it accomplished after���thai "belongs to the  chronides'Of-aii ordinary life with anothei  cow and the children, and not to the moie  complex circumstances of politics.  It was the evening before the nexl  Fourth of July, and McKee was trying to  comply with Shackletfs request to find ins  celebration speech in the middle drawer  of" his desk, while Shacklett himself packed  his vaiise in time to catch the train. AVhen  the general counsel of the railroad came in  hurriedly to pick up tlie nianuscrift and  drive rapidly to the station, he found McKee standing beneath the electric lamp  with several sheets of cap paper in his  hand.  McKoe looked up at Shacklett with distended eyes and open mouth, looked back  at the paper and then at Shacklett again.  The paper was covered with writing much  interlined and crossed out with notations  scattered through it, and additions to sentences running, up and down the sides.  Siiacklctt hardly noticed McKee, and said  quickly:  "Got my speech? Let's have it. Much  obliged, but I'd have missed that train if  I tried to find it myself."  McKee at last found his voice, though  it sounded little like his own as ho blurted out:  ������Aiid^j*ou^wrote-that=-ilamhed^bilI=y'<.ur"  self. It' right here in your own handwriting���the  first draft.    AA'hat  tlie "  "See here, McKee," and Shackletfs  voice was as quiet as a frozen pond and  as hard and cold a.s ice, "McNoogan got  what I wanted him to have, and you got a  position at three thousand and per. No  man ever threw me down and kepi out of  the poorhouse.    Understand me?"  Mc-Kcc threw tlie draft of the bill into  the grate and held out tlie manuscript of  llie oration for next day with a steady  look into Shackletfs eyes. Shackletl  caught   the   train.  REISTERER & Co.  BREWERS  OK  LAGER   BEER  A\D   PORTER  Put  up  In  Packages  to suit  the  Trade  Brewery   and   Ofiice   on   Latimer   Street,  Nelson,  B.  C.  CABINET^  CIGAR STORE  Imported and Domestic  Cigars,  Tobaccos,  Pipes and Smokers Articles.  G.   B.  MATHEWS,    -    Prorrietor  HOTEL PHAIR  80 ROOMS  All Rljoderr] Conveniences  Special r}ates to Tourists  e. e. phair  PROPRIETOR  Stan'ey and A'ictoria Street"*,     NELSON. B.C.  ���>*j - ij>  ���������   -  s *   "*���..  *.   -T   1   >  ���     - *  M if iljf^j  "tf,  PROSSER'S SECOND HAND  1  STORE AND CHINA HALL, COMBINED  Is the place to "rubber" before sending  back Kast for anything.  A\*e buy, sell, or rent, or store anything  from a safety pin to a beef trust.  AVestern Cunadlan Employment Agency  in connection.  Baker street, wesl, next door to C. P. Xi.  Ticket Office.  P.   O.   Box  5SS.      Phone  2C1A.  TREMONT  HOUSE  Furnpean nnd Airerlenn P"an.  M<*a)i- 2.*> cl.��    Room" from 25 ctc. to $1.  Only White Help Kmployd,  MALONE & TRKGILLU3,  Baker St., Nol'On. '        Prop-ietois.  MADDEN HOUSE  BAKER AND WARD STREETS,  NELSON, B.   C.  Centrally Located.       Electric Lighted.  HEADQUARTERS     FOR     TOURISTS  AND  OLD  TIMERS.  THOMAS   MADDEN,  Proprietor.  BARTLETT HOUSE  Josephine  Street,  Nelson.  The best $1 per day house in Nelson.  None but -white help employed.   The bar  the best.  &. W- Bartlett - - Proprietor  Queen's Hotel  BAKER  STREET,  NELSON.  Lighted   by    Elecricity   and   Heated   with  Hot Air.  Largo and comfortable bedrooms and  first class dining room. Sample rooms for  commercial men.  RATES $2 PER DAY  Mrs. E. G. Clarke,   -   Proprietress  SPECIALTIES   FOR HINE  TRADE  VEGETABLES  and FRUITS  TARTAN BRAND  Morrison & Caldwell, Grocers  Open till 10 o'clock, p. m., Saturdays.   Tremont Block,  Baker Street, Nelson.  West Kootenay  Butcher Co.  Fresh and Salted Meats  Fish and Ponllry in Season  Orders by Mail receive Careful and  Piompt Attention  K. C. TRAVES. Manager, K.-AV-C. Rlk.. Nelson  GELIGNITE Tf,e Stron#est and        Explosive ii\ the Marke  Manufactured by the HAMILTON PtlWnFR RflMPANY  <.il'"0. C. TUNsTaM. JR., Manufacturers of  District Mgi*., Nelson, u.t'.j   High Grade Explosives, Sporting, Mining ar_d Blasting Powder  The Nelson Tribune, -   ��1.00 a Year 4  The Nelson Tribune  The J. H. Ashdown Hardware Go.  ���    "   "   LIMITED ���  IMPORTERS AND  DEALERS IN  SHELF AND  HEAVY  HARDWAR  Fire Brick, Fire Clay, Portland Cement, T-Rails, Ore Cars, Sheet  Steel, Crescent, Canton and Jessop's Drill Steel.  Tinware and Graniteware.   Stoves and Ranges.  BAKER ST.  NELSON   B.C.  -i- ���5* -Z- ���I" *!��� 'h -Z- -Z- -Z- -Z- -Z- 'b -Z- -Z- -Z- *i- -Z- <$��� -Z- -Z- -i- *f 'Z- ���Z- 'Z -Z- 4" 4* 4* 4* 4* 4* 4* 4* 4* 4* 4* 4*4-  4-  *  4-  4-  4*  4*  4-  4-  4*  4-  *  4-  4*  4*  4*  4-  4��  *  4*  4*  *  *  4-  4*  4*  4* 4* 4- 4* 4* 4�� 4* 4- 4* 4* 4* 4* 4* 4�� 4* 4- 4* 4* 4* ���_��� 4* 4- 4* 4* 4* 4* 4* 4* 4* 4- 4- 4- 4- 4* 4* 4* 4* 4- 4*  w. F. Teetzel & 60.  DEALERS IN  DRUGS AND TOILET ARTICL: S.  PATENT   MEDICINES,  SPONG-ES, PERFUMERY, ETC.  IMPORTERS AND JOBBERS IN  ASSAYERS' FURNACES,  BATTERSEA AND DENVER CRUCIBLES,  SCARIFIERS AND MUFFLES,  CHEMICALS,  CHEMICAL APPARATUS.  The largest Drug Kouse  Between Winnipeg and the Coast.  Corner Ba^er at]d t|C_ QHEJ  Josephine Streets   JlCLOUJl  4*  4*  4*  4��  4-  4-  4-  4*  4*  4-  4*  4*  *  4-  *  *  4-  4-  4-  4*  *  4*  *  4-  Importer of  Own Make Pipes .  Peterson's Patent Pipes  B. B. B. Celebrated Pipes  Loewe Pipes  Wills Tobacco  Player's Tobacco  Turkish Cigarettes ���., ..      . , _ __ ..  Monopoi cigarettes wholesale arjd rjetail  Egyptian Cigarettes  J. E. C. and G. B. D. Pipes  Lambert and Butler Tobaccos  AU brands of Imported and domestic cigars  Sole Ager-t for  "IN-ERSEAL" GICA.R  The Queen  Cigar Store  Tobacconist  H. J. PHAIR, Propr.  Telephone 194  Baker Street, NELSON, B.C.  MORLEY&CO.  "Wholesale and Retail  Booksellers  Stationers  And  Artists' Materials  Engineering and Mining  Books  Typewriters  Mimeographs  Photographic Supplies  Musical Instruments  Morley & Co., Nelson, B.C.  THE TOWN AND DISTRICT  _W._B__Kpchhas...been awarded the con-  and that -was to talk. This they adopted  and were still at it when the city clerk  went to bed and The Tribune wont to  press.  There Is a difference of a name only between the Canadian Mining- Institute and  the old familiar organization known as the  Mine Owners' Association. As members of  the Canadian Mining Institute the members of the Mine Owners' Association discussed yesterday how much greater their  profits would be if the country was made  for the mines instead of the mines for the  country.  TORY CONVENTION OPENED  RECOMMENDATION OF COMMITTEE  ON RESOLUTIONS.  THAT MINERS'    TAXATION BE  ON  BASIS OF NET PROFITS.  tract for building the bridge across Carpenter creek at New Denver.  "Lou" Hyde left Nelson this week for  the Northwest. He had been on a trip  through Colorado, which he reports not  as good as Kootenay.  C. E. Prosser returned to Nelson on  Thursday. He is telling his friends of his  steamboat experiences on the Mississippi  and rivers to the south. He is back to  stay.  Captain J. XX. Gifford, late manager of  the Hall mine at Nelson, has opened an  ofiice in the Flood building, San Francisco,  and writes his many friends here that he  expects to do well. Ills friends yesterday  sent him a package by express that he will  appreciate���If It does not got broken ln  transit.  J. G. Bunyan, one of Nelson's prominent young business men, is back from a  trip to Encampment, "Wyoming, whore he  was employed in helping B. C. Riblet erect  a mine tramway. He reports that country as in no respects better than this. Mr.  Bunyan will go from Nelson to Wenat-  chee, Washington, where Mr. Riblet is  putting In two tramways that when completed will  handle grain.  W. P. Teetzel & Co. have purchased the  Rossland Drug Company's store at Rossland, and J. R. Campbell leaves Nelson on  Sunday to assume the management. As  this firm carry a large stock of drugs,  medicines, and druggists' supplies, and is  in addition the only assayers' supply house  ln Kootenay, Rossland has made a distinct  gain In a business way. "Johnnie" Campbell Is one of the most popular young men  in Nelson, and has taken a leading part  for the last seven years in all athletic  sports. He is a volunteer fireman, and one  that can always be depended on to do his  whole duty.  There was to have been a meeting of  the city council last evening for the purpose of discussing the hospital matter but  it failed to materllizo for lack of a quorum.  Aldermen Morrison and Irving were away  at Revelstoke, alderman Drew Is in Rossland, and mayor Fletcher had not sufficiently recovered from the spell of Smith  Curtis' oratory at the meeting of the  Canadian Mining Institute. The other  members of the council were present as  were also most of the city doctors and  several members of the hospital board.  There was only one course open to them  Revelstoke, Sept. 12.���(Special to Tlie  Tribune.) ��� The conservative convention was called to order at 9 o'clock  by Richard McBride, president- Owing  to the non-arrival of the Nelson and  Rossland delegations the only business  "transacted^-was^the ^appointment" of  committees on credentials and resolutions. The Kootenay men on the latter  cornmitte-6 are Houston, of Nelson;  Green, of Kaslo, and Goodeve, of Rossland. The other members are Semlin,  of Yale; Cotton, of Vancouver; Taylor,  of New Westminster; Wilson, of Vancouver, and Prior and Mara, of Victoria. There are about SO delegates in  attendance in person. The convention  adjourned till 10 o'clock tomorrow to  allow the committee on resolitticfns  time to report. The committee were  still at work at midnight. They have  agreed to recommend that taxation on  metalliferous mines be on a basis of a  percentage on the net profits.  Revelstoke, Sept. 12. ��� (Associated  Press.) ��� The conservative convention  opened this morning in Selkirk hall.  Richard McBride. M.P.P., was in the  chair, and 100 delegates were present-  After the appointment of a committee  on credentials tho meeting adjourned  till the afternoon. On resuming, the  convention was visited by Mr. Borden  and other conservative members, now  in the province, who addressed the  meeting. All the. speakers referred to  the favorable prospects in eastern Canada, and urged upon the provincial  conservatives the necessity for unity,  which they were certain would result  in the return of a solid phalanx from  British Columbia. The visiting members and delegates were then photographed outside the hall, after which a  reception was held in the opera house  by Mr. Borden and other members of  his party. On reassembling, Charles  Wilson, leacVer of the party in the late  election, addressed the convention, his  speech being received with hearty applause. The secretarys' report having  been adopted, the convention adjourned  till tomorrow morning.  are as follows: Granby mines, 4,993  tons; Snowshoe, 810; Mother Lode,  2,970; B. C. mine, 260; Emma, 10. Total  for the week, 9,079 tons. Total for the  year, 315,550 tons.  The Granby smelter this week treated 4,872 tons of ore, making a total of  205.061 tons for this year, or a grand  total of 509,022 tons since the smelter  was first started in operation.  STRIKE ON THE SPECULATOR.  Word reached town during the weok  that an Important strike of ore had  been made on the Speculator, adjoining  the Arlington. It was made in the  lower tunnel and just below a small  chute tapped in the drift above. The  ore encountered indicates tho proximity  to a large body. It is of shipping value  and constitutes the biggest chute yet  met with, though the extent of the strike  has not been given out. The ore is similar to the Arlington product, being  taken from the same vein. The Speculator has been worked steadily for 25  months, with an expenditure of about  $150,000, and the management richly  deserves all the success that can come  to them.���Slocan Drill.  SLOCAN CITY SHIPMENTS-  There has been but very little ore  shipped from this division this week,  130 tons constituting the exports. It  was divided equally among the Arlington and Enterprise. Of the latter, 40  tone was concentrates and went to  Trail, while the balance was zinc ore  and was shipved to Nelson. To date  the shipments total 4,625 tons.  ORE FROM THE HEAD OF LEMON  CREEK.  Pat Nolan and C. B. Hittle have packed  two tons of ore from the Emmett group,  for a working test. The group is situate  at the head of Lemon creek. They brought  the ore over the Six-Mile creek wagon  road to Six-Mile point. They say the road  is now little better than a pack trail in  places owing to slides, and that it will be  impossible to rawhide ore over it this winter. There are a number of good claims in  the vicinity of the Emmett group. The  distance is about 17 miles from Six-Mile  point on the Outlet and Mr. Nolan says  Nelson is the nearest point to the properties.  McGINNIS     ELECTED     PRESIDENT.  Ymir, Sept. 11���M. McGinnis has been  elected president of the local miners'  union.  TO DREDGE PERRY CREEK.  Cranbrook, Sept. 11.���Fort Steele and  Fernie people are to, at once, put in a  nie syndicate are to, at once, put in a  steam dredge on Perry creek- R. W.  Ross, the well-known East Kootenay  lawyer, is at the head of the undertaking. It has been found that although  there is not enough gold to warrant  ground sluicing there is enough to pa;  SUITS THAT FIT  Prices Reduced on  Summer and  Fall Suitings  None but Al Coat and Pants makers  employed.  A BIG LINE WINTER GOODS ORDERED  J. A- DAVIDSON  2nd Floor Wallace-Miller    Uarphani Tnl!nI*  Buiidin?, Nelson. mercnarii lanur  Drink  Thorpe's  Lithia  Water  BOUNDARY ORE SHIPMENTS.  Phoenix, Sept. 12.���(Special to The  Tribune.) ��� For the past week the  total of ore shipments from Boundary  mines is a little larger than the week  before, due to the fact that tlie Mother  Lode sent out somo 900 tons more than  the previous week.   In detail the figures  E\%ry small bottle contains five grains of  lithia carbonate.  winTYOU SHOULD BUY  FAIR   PLAY  CHEWING  TOBACCO  BECAUSE it is the best quality.    '  BECAUSE it is the most lasting chew.  Because it is the largest, high grade 5 or  lOc.plug.  BECAUSE the tags are valuable for premiums  UNTIL JANUARY 1st,  1904.  BECAUSE we guarantee every plug, and  BECAUSE  your dealer is    authorized    to  refund your money if you  aro not satisfied.  THE EMPIRE TOBACCO CO., LTD.  CERTIFICATE     OF     IMPROVEMENTS.  NOTICE.  Touch-Me-Not and Yellow Jacket Mineral  Claims, situate In the Nelson Mining Division of West Kootenay District.   Where  located���On Granite Hill.  Take notico  that I, Kenneth L.  Burnet,  of Rossland, B.  C,  agent for Louis Will,  Esq.,   Free  Miner's  Certificate  No.  B573G0,  intend, sixty days from the date hereof, to  apply to the Mining Recorder for a Certificate of Improvements, for the purpose of  obtaining   a   Crown   Grant   of   the   above  claims.  And further take notice that action, under section 37,  must be commenced before  the   Issuance   of   such   Certificate   of   Improvements.  Dated this tenth day of July, A. D., 1902.  KENNETH  L.   BURNET.  **���* ^##^^ ******* *****^V * ******* ****  #  ^ ._  -  .  i&  ^-  Tf  Tr  Tf  Tr  Tf  %  Tr  Tf  Tr  _$,  Tr  ^  Tr  7r  &  Tr  Tr  -��'  Tr  __��'  Tr  Tr  _��*  Tr  _>>������  Tr  Tr  FRED IRVINE <5c CO  BAKER   STREET  ry Good  See Our Special Order Department for Ladies Fall  and Winter Costumes, Jackets and Mantles.  We are showing a magnificent  range of New French Flannels,  Cashmeres and American Flannelettes suitable for Ladies'Shirt  and Blouse Waists.  New Cloth in the latest colorings for Ladies' Tailor Made Suits  Our Stock of Ladies' Felt and  Ready-to-Wear Hats is now  most complete with all the latest  up-to-date styles and novelties.  We still have a good ranee of  White Felt Hats lelt for early  autumn wear.  IRVINE &  CO  J��-  M0.  j��-  *���  J&0-  1k  Jt��r  y^  J��-  ���V-*  ���**���* -** ***-****'*** ****���**���***���*���*���**-*���* **���*.*������*���*���***���%*���%**���%���%  IF YOU ARE NEEDlNGj  Groceries, Provisions, Fruits, Etc.  WRITE US l PH0J.E US I   WIRE US!  Or Come Yourself!    We will be pleased to see you.'and quote you  prices  that cannot be duplicated in the city.    Do not forget tlie place.  Baker street, Nelson.o   j, $. McPherson, Leading Grocer  STARKEY & CO.,  WHOLESALE   PHOV.SIONS,  PRODUCE AND  FI-UITS.  R. Av Rogers & Co , Ltd .Winnipeg.  HEPRESETI NCJ [.. K Fairbank Co.,     -     Montreal.  Simcoa Canning Co,, -  Simcoe.  Ollice and Warehouse.  Josephine Street,  NELSON, B.C  Preserving Jars  PINTS QUARTS  HALF-GALLONS  John A. Irving & Co.  jBSTABLTSHKD IN NELSOVjlgOl  Jacob Dover, The Jeweller,  Nelson, B. C.  -��"?-#*-  I am the leader wherever diamonds  and watches are sold in this country.  My name is a synonym of prompt  service, fair treatment and honest  goods.  My stock for the fall and holiday  trade is such as suits all the patronage of this character. All my lines  have been selected with the utmost-  care. The wants of all customers,  large and small, have been carefully  considered.  Customers always receive the maximum value for their money. My diamond and watch stock never was  larger or so attractive as this season:  All mail orders receive prompt' and  special attention.  JACOB DOVER  Baker Street Nelson,  B. O.  HOUSTON BLOCK.  Wholesale^dJ^tail  J\fCnt   MCVChatltS  Head Office and Cold Storage Plant at Nelson.  Branch Markets at Kaslo, Ymir, Sandon, Silverton, Revelstoke, New  DenX Cascade,  Trail,  Grand  Forks   Greenwood    Mid way.   Phoenix.  Rossland, Slocan City, Moyie, Cranbrooke, Fernie and Macleod.  Nelson Branch Market, Burns Block, Baker Street.  Orders by mail to any Branch will receive prompt and careful attention.  v  Hi  Hi  Hi  Hi  Hi  Hi  i  *  Hi  \_  Hi  Hi  Hi  Hi  Hi  tf  tf  tf  tf  tf  tf  tf  till/  tf  tf  tf  tf  tf  tf  tf  tf  tf  tf  I CAN YOU CAN ATTEND THE  9 th ANNUAL  SPOKANE INTERSTATE FAIR  Spokane, Wash,  October 6th to 14th. 1902, Inclusive.  m  m  FINE  EXHIBITS  IN  jrORSTSS, HOGS.  CATTLE. SHEEP  Stock  Fine Arts Exhibit  Fruit Exhibits WSfSwEsx  Eight Day Racing  Agricultural Exhibits  $25,000  IN   PREMIUMS  MINERAL  EXHIBITS  BIG EVENT EACH DAY  300 HORSES ]_ NTH It BID  FARM PRODUCTS  OF ALL KINDS  UFST MUSIC���Amu-emont Extraordinary  Write for catiilo.'iin. *  FRANK LKAKE, Advertising Agent,  Concession privileges ot all kinds for sale.  GEO. II. MARTIN,  Mgr. and Sec'y.  m  m   m  ��� m  m  m  m  m  m  m  ;  m  m  m  m  m  ��p  No Housekeeper Can  ft FFORD TO OVERLOOK THE PRICES  T|we are offering on Groceries, Crockery,  ' *and Glassware for the week commencing  September 8th. We hare one of the best  stocks in^the-Kootenay���to ehoose-fromrand-  our prices will not be equalled in this city  for many moons. It is a pleasure to us to  show our goods, and we invite inspection.  Remember our entire stock must go. See  us before buying and our prices and goods  will make you buy from us.  Williarri Hunter & Go.  Aberdeen Block, Nelson.  Open on Saturday  Ur.til 10 o'clock p m,  Ladies' Day Every Day  %���***���***���***���************���****** ************************^  We Gat] Save You Money By I  Purchasing Now  PARLOR SUITES  BRASS   BEDSTEADS  IRON BEDSTEADS  HALL RACKS  MUSIC CABINETS  WOMEN'S DESKS  COCKERS AND CHAIRS  SIDEBOARDS  CHINA CLOSETS  BUFFETS  BOOK CASES  PARLOR CABINETS  CARPETS  LINOLEUMS.  TO RENT.  FIVE-ROOM   house;   electric   lighted;   all  conveniences.      Apply    to    Mrs.   "VV.   P.  Robinson, Carbonate street, -west.  for three months;  piano;  electric lights;  all   conveniences.    Apply   to   Mrs.   *W.   P.  Robinson, Carbonate street, west.  FURNISHED Rooms; from $5 to $7.50 per  month.   Apply to Mrs. Elizabeth Morion,  A WELL  FurnlKhecl  house  of six  rooms, I  Lake street, east of Cedar street.  D. McARTHUR & CO.  f Baker and Ward Streets, Nelson, B. C.  ^A/VWV-****--***

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