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The Nelson Economist Oct 2, 1901

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 k  tir\  VOL. V.  NELSON, B.C., WEDNESDAY, OCTOBER 2, 1901.  NO.  12  IV; -  ��� '''  h  m  ^  ��  i  L-V  )'.  ��  THE  NELSON  ECONOMIST is issued   every  ...  Wednesday.      Subscription:   $2.00   per annum;   IF PAID IN ADVANCE, $1.50.     CORRESPOND- /  ence op general interest respectfully  solicited. Only-articles of merit will be  advertised in these columns, and the in  terests of readers will be carefully  guarded against irresponsible persons and  worthless articles.  THERE is little to report as regards the political  situation. The visit of the Duke and Duchess  of Cornwall and York seems to be responsible for  the pacific attitude of the Government and its  opponents, but it is understood that with the departure of the ducal party politics will once more  command the attention o* the politicians. The  majority of the members of the Legislature are at  the coast, ostensibly to welcome the heir to the  British throne, but in reality to prevent any of the  vacant portfolios from escaping. It is said that Mr.  Dunsmuir is almost willing to confer the Minister of  Mines on any one for the asking, but the question is  who can take it with any reasonable assurance of being endorsed by his constituents. It is understood  that Mr. Smith of Lillooet is the latest to refuse the  doubtful honor. Not only has that gent'ernan refused to accept office under Mr. Dunsmuir, but he  has also expressed himself as being displeased with  the intrigues of the Government. Mr. Robert Green  appears to be in the same position as Mr. Smith, as  is also Mr. Thos. Taylor, of Revelstoke. If the  other members who have expressed themseives as  opposed to the Mr. Dunsmuir do not waver in their  determination, the Government will he in a hopeless minority when the House meets. But it is more  than likely that Mr. Dunsmuir will anticipate the  feeling of the majority by resigning. Should such  be the case, the question arises who will be called  upon to form the next Government. There are  many who believe that Mr. Dunsmuir will recommend Mr. McBride, and in this way show that he is  not altogether oblivious of his duty to the people.  Should such be the case, it is more than likely that  the next election will be fought on party lines.  If the opinions expressed by the press and people  are to ba accepted as the prevailing sentiment, the  Province of British Columbia is ripe for Federal  party lines in Provincial politics. The opinion is  all but unanimous that the day of individualism in  the Legislature should terminate at once and a party  affiliated with either of the old parties assume responsibility for the acts of the Government.   The Econo  mist does not change its policy in endorsing the proposal of a party line Government for British Columbia.  Since the establishment of this paper in 1897 we  have declared in season and out of season' that  beneficial legislation of a permanent character could  only be secured by the adoption of the party system of  government. We are free to confess, however, that  we .could never see the wisdom of half a dozen candidates attempting to change existing conditions,  while the remainder adhered strictly to the old order  of ins and outs. Before the end could be successfully obtained it was absolutely essential that something like unanimity as to the desirability of the departure should prevail. In the�� last general election,  it was deemed unwise to precipitate a party struggle,  for the reason that the people of British Columbia were  vastly more interested in ridding the Province of that  arch-destroyer of the peace, Joseph Martin. So  general was this regarded as an obligation that both  Liberals and Conservatives united in'the glorious  work. The object was most effectually accomplished,  and had it not been for the subsequent conduct of  Premier Dansmuir, Joseph Martin would have succumbed to a natural political death. The resuscitation of Mr. Martin cannot honestly be placed at the  doors of the honest Liberals and Conservatives, who  had united in the one common object. But in the  light of subsequent events it does seem as if the  desired object could have been much better obtained  if a straight party contest had taken place last year.  Then the Liberals could have undertaken the task of  discrediting Mr. Martin oh their own account. However, it is not what happened in the past  we have to deal with now. We have to consider  carefully what the effect of a party line contest will  beat the present time. There are 88 members in  the British Columbia Legislature. The Conservatives  claim that they could control a majority of those 38  seats, while a similar claim is put forward by the  Liberals. The Labor party, and we cannot blind  our eyes to the fact that there will be a Labor party  in the next contest, believe they can carry IT Keats.  This, we believe, is an extravagant claim, but we  would be inclined to admit that organized labor will  be able to return eight members. This would leave  80 seats to be divided between the Conservatives  and Liberals. Assuming that the latter political  parties are about equally divided, it would mean the  return of 15 Conservatives and 1.5 Liberals.  This would give organized labor the balance of power  in the next Legislature. It might be that the Conservatives would return a majority of the thirty  members, or the Liberals secure the majority, but the  result would be the' same, excepting the majority  were   overwhelming���the Labor  party would still 4  THE NELSON ECONOMIST  hold the balance of power. But there is one way,  and only one way, in which this can be avoided.  An arrangement could be made between the leaders  of the two old parties to give Cabinet representation  to the Labor party, no matter which side happened  to be successful. The representative of Labor in the  Cabinet would be useful in the way of expressing the  prevailing sentiment of his followers. Ignoraace of  the demands of labor has been the prevailing source  of friction between the Government and this important factor in the community. Sometimes these  demands are unreasonable and at other times they  could be complied with without sacrificing any  recognized principle of responsible government. If  Conservatives and Liberals believe they can afford  to ignore the Labor party in the next conest, they  will be deceiving only themselves. What this Province needs more than anything else at this time is  a peaceful settlement of the difficulties which have  menaced the prosperity of the people for the past  two or three years. The peculiar conditions prevailing in British Columbia lead only to the conclusion that there will be more or less friction between labor and capital for all time to come. Where  there are large numbers of men engaged in industrial  development, there is certain to be a union, and  where there are unions, there will'be always more  or less difficulties of the character that have been so  disastrous to the progress of the Province in the past.  A Government to command the respect of the people  must deal fairly and honestly with all sections of the  community, not legislating for capital three years and  eleven months out oi the four years, and in the one  remaining month ignominiously prostrating itself  before the labor agitator. Party lines appears to be  the only solution of the problem, but the details  must be worked out on new and original lines, so far  as this Province is concerned at least.  The West Fork News is the name of a new paper  published at Beaverdell, B. C. by Mr. James Grier.  The first number is a model of typographical neatness and shows great care in its editorial and local  columns. The Economist extends congratulations  to the editor of the News, and hopes his paper will  receive sufficient support to enable it to maintain its  high order of excellence.  The St. John (N. B.) Sun commenting on the appointment of Sir Louis Davies to the bench, says  there is no question of the political claims of Sir  Louis Davies, who has served his party long and  faithfully, and has for many years been one of its  leaders. Though he is only fifty-six years old, h e  has seen nearly thirty years of public service. From  1872 to 1879 he was a member of the Prince Edward  Island legislature, part of the time as premier and  attorney-general, and part as leader of the opposition,  During this period he was council for the tenantry of  the province in settling the land tenure question, and  one of the counsel for tho Dominion before the international   fisheries   commission.     In   1882  he was  elected to the house of commons, of which he has  been a member ever since. If Sir Louis has not  shown conspicuous legal knowledge in parliamentary  discussion, it must be said that he never allowed  his legal judgment to interfere with his support of  the position taken by his party. Sir Louis had a  high standing at the .bar of his own province and enjoyed a large practice. While his party was in  opposition he was made the leader for the maritime  provinces, and he was one of the ministers selected  to negotiate the impending treaty with the United  States. Sir Louis has been a vigorous political  campaigner, but not a bitter one. He has fought  the Tories hard, but he has made no enemies. Opponents ras well as friends will extend to him their  best wishes in his new field.  Within a few days Hon. J. H. Turner will take  his departure for London to take up the duties of hi&  office. In Mr. Turner the Province loses one of its  foremost citizens, a gentleman who always took the  lead in enterprises intended to be for the benefit of  the people. In his new sphere of action, it is pleasing to record, Mr. Turner will still be in a position  to do a great deal for British Columbia, in the way  of interesting investors in the great possibilities of  our undeveloped resources. No man in British  Columbia is in a better position to speak of the  capabilities of the Province than Mr. Turner, and  this knowledge combined with a sincere desire to  accomplish all that can be done in the way of keeping the outside woild posted as to our development  is certain to result in great benefit to the Province.  In the field of politics, Mr. Turner leaves a vacancy  that may not be successfully filled for years to come.  He carries to his new sphere of action the best wishes  of the people of British Columbia,  Evidently the Toronto Telegram is not deeply impressed with the ability or integrity of British Columbia's representatives in the Dominion House of  Commons. On this point that paper had the following remarks last week: u British Columbia need  not go into ecstacies over Sir Wilfrid Laurier's hint  that the west is to be honored with a representative  in the Cabinet. Sir Wilfrid Laurier may make good  his promise to recognize the importance of British  Columbia in the way of Cabinet representation, but  compliance with this pledge would be giving something in shadow and nothing in substance. Aa a  province British Columbia has suffered more humiliation and disregard of interest at the hands of the  Laurier Government than any other part of Canada.  Violation of the British Columbia interests has  been flagrant and persistent, and yet there is not a  Liberal representative of British Columbia in parliament to-day who has had the courage to publicly resent these infringements on the rights and interests  of his Province. Giving representation to British  Columbia would mean conferring Cabinet rank on  Aulay Morrison, Liberal M. P. for New Westminster,  or Ralph Smith, M. P., the alleged Labor representa-  MttE  mssm  n  SJgmMII^^  mmz Vi  i-iV  I  THE NELSON ECONOMIST  tive for Vancouver. . Government disregard for  British Columbia interests has been flaunted in the  face of Aulay Morrison, M. P., and Ralph Smith,  M. P. Neither of these representatives had the  courage to speak out for the outraged interests of his  Province and what has British Columbia to expect  from promotion of either of them to   Cabinet rank?"  A bulletin has recently been issued from the Inland Revenue Department which shows that the  total number of cases of disease attributable to the  use of canned goods to be 138 a year, while the total  number of deaths is stated to be fifteen. The department makes several suggestions as to what  should be done to avoid this condition of'affairs,.the  first being that vessels of glass or earthenware  should be used instead of tins on cans. It is also  suggested that the factories and the foodstuffs should  be subject to inspection, so a-to secure cleanliness  in the former and good condition in the later; that  the date of filling arid the name of the factory and  its proprietor should be stamped on every tin, and  that printed warning should be given on each label  against allowing any of the contents to remain in  the tins after they are opened. The indications of  decomposition, some thought, might be described on  the label. Suggestions have been made that the  sale of canned goods ought to be prohibited after a  certain length of time from the date of their manufacture, the period suggested varying from six months  to two years.  The name of Mr. W. J. Taylor is mentioned as the  leader for the Conservative party in British Colum-'  bia. Mr. Taylor is a prominent barrister of Victoria,  and possesses all the qualities that go to make a  successful political leader. He is affable, a pleasing  speaker and could be depended upon to stand by his  friends'all the time. The Economist would have  no hesitation in pinning its faith to genial Jack Taylor  as a political leader.  Yellow Journalism is coming in for its share of  criticism in connection with the assassination of  President McKinley, and this adverse criticism is  mainly directed against the three papers controlled  by William R. Hearst. On the Saturday night  following the assassination of the President the  citizens of a section of the city of New York, with  that directnesfi which characterizes expression of  popular opinion, hanged in effigy the proprietor of  these u yellow" papers and attached to it the label :  " William R. Hearst. Accomplice of Czolgosz."  All day Sunday and Monday it swung in the wind  and thousands gathered to applaud its sentiment.  Boys on the way to school stoned it and drivers of  wagons, as they passed, lashed it. The police did  not interfere until it was proposed to burn the effigy.  In another quarter of the same city public opinion  was expressed fully as emphatically, if less picturesquely. The venerable Abram S. Hewitt spoke  to the crowded chamber of commerce, filled with the  members of that organization. He pointed as directly  as did the hangers of the effigy to the master of the  school in anarchy. "Upon the poor, wretched degenerate, the author of this hideous crime, we know  the penalty of the law will be imposed, but what  penalty will reach those who caused the commission  of these crimes? Where shall we look for responsibility for the deed ? To what, if not to the perverted  teachings of a reckless press that has not hesitated  to coin conscience into dollars?" And he closed with  a strong protest against the support given such papers  in advertising by men who shudder with horror at  the consequences of their teaching. With the same  shameless audacity which characterized their attacks,  these papers now shed crocodile tears of lamentation,  and beslobber with fulsome praise the man whom,  alive, they defiled, thus proclaiming at once their  sycophancy and their falsity of attack. Alive, their  vituperation was praise ; dead, their adulation is insult.  The Colonist seems anxious that the The Economist  should explain "wherein Mr. Dunsmuir has violated  any of the constitutional rights of the people." It is  greatly to be feared that the editor of the Colonist is  scarcely in a frame of mind to receive instruction.  However, we shall look up New Brunswick precedents  and in a future issue attempt to enlighten the Dunsmuir "house organ" on this point.  Mr. B.J. Perry, the Cecil Rhodes of British Columbia, passed through Nelson last Monday, en route to  the coast. Mr. Perry greatly regretted that he could  not make a longer stay in the Kootenay metropolis,  on account of his presence being required in Victoria  this evening. It is darkly hinted that Mr. Perry will  announce a few changes in the Cabinet to-morrow.  While pasting through Nelson he refused to be interviewed, although it was noted at the time tnat he  looked uncommenly wise.  There  are many indications that the Rossland  strike may be settled within the next few days.  The Duke of Cornwall should feel highly pleased  with his reception in the West.  In regard to the famous "third degree," a colloquial disguise for a form of torture used in American  police forces to extract information, an exchange  thus describes the process as practised in Chicago:  u It is applied by a fictitious character who goes by  the name of Shea, and plays a part which any able-  bodied man, capable of delivering a heavy blow,  may take. At stated intervals he enters the prisoner's cell and strikes him a forceful blow on the  jaw. Without any remarks, he withdraws. The  cross-examination proceeds, and the prisoner, who,  after many repetitions of the experience, becomes  terrified at his mysterious and brutal visitor, will  finally break down and make a clean breast."  Czolgosz may or may not have got tho third degree,"  but the torture of recalcitrant prisoners to extract  information ia undoubtedly a feature of American  police  methods.  \  i  At  I  I  ���Ml  il  \'fs'B  m  m 6  THE NELSON ECONOMIST  IN the short pilgrimage through this lonely vale  of tears we have all more or less troubles, but our  combined sorrows appear insignificant when  compared with what the Duke of York has passed  through during the past few weeks. At every flag  station on the great Canadian transcontinental railway from Halifax to Victoria, His Royal Highness  has been held up and forced to listen and reply toad-  dresses presented by some one of the city officials.  These addres-es have all been of the same stereotyped  character, pledging royalty to the throne and idolatrous worship of the royal family. It speaks volumes  for the patience of His Royal. Highness that he has  submitted to this persecution without a murmur.  He is credited with being the -Jiighe?t type of a British  gentleman, but I certainly would be disposed to regard him as a being little less than a saint to have  succeeded in keeping his temper while being submitted to this "third degree" torture.  Manager Annable has booked the Wilbur Opera  Company for two nights in November. This organization has been before the public for more than a decade and stands high in the estimation of the musical world.  "Do not practice longer than two hours in succession : altogether not more than six hours daily,"  writes Josef Hofmann in The Ladies' Home Journal  for October in telling about "Playing the Piano  Correctly." " Beware of overstudying your pieces,  and stop when you have been fairly successful a few  times with the passages which you have been studying. It is advisable to keep the ears open, rather  than the eyes, and always to use the best possible instrument for practicing, so that you may know  whether it is the fault of the instrument or that of  the fingers if you miss a tone. In this way the ear  will be accustomed to euphony, and the sense for  beauty of sound will be cultivated. Quick passages  should repeatedly be played at a slower tempo, slow  ones at a quicker tempo-���the latter because a tendency to dragging is created by the constant slow  playing of a passage Do not waste too much time  on finger exercises. In the long run they will impair the musical nature of the student. You can  employ your time much better bv selecting technically  difficult passages from good compositions and practicing them like etudes. I would also advise the  student to attend orchestral concerts as frequently as  possible, for these are of greater benefit than anything else, Follow no system in practicing. Do  not play from nine o'clock sharp until twelve every  noon, and so on through several years, but play  different pieces at different hours and on different  days.     Never practice until fatigued."  The Bittner company is booked  to appear at the  Nolson Opera House the last week of this month.  Amid all the bother of getting himself properly  throned, named and crowned, King Edward VII, has  snatched time to devise a unique memorial to his  mother. Word comes from London that he has  ordered, through the leading international clipping  bureaus, eight sets of scrap books, each set to contain  whatever was printed or spoken of the late queen at  the time of her death.     The clippings,  gathered   in  every country and in all tongues, and ranging from  the highest illustrated weeklies to the cheapest provincial prints, fill one hundred volumes, although  the pages are of full newspaper size. They are pasted  upon light gray bristol board and each page hinged  before binding. The binding is of morrocco���half  the sets red, half green. There will be gold clasps  and each volume stamped with the royal arms in  heavy gilt. The binding would be black were the  volumes destined to remain in Great Britain. The  destiny of all but one set is to be scattered through  Greater Britain, India, Australia, New Zealand,  Canada, South Africa, each will receive a set as the  gift of the king. The mourning color varies so  throughout the empire it was thought best to use  ordinary book tints. His majesty's loyal colonies  will no doubt appreciate the gift���though the odds  are that they would be better pleased with books  setting forth his own coronation splendors.  The children of the late Empress Frederick have  ordered the same bureau to make books about her,  but the volumes will be so carefully edited as to be  of modest dimensions���that is, as scrap books go.  Only kind things and notable pictures are to be in-  included. The clippings are from German, French  and English sources. The mount is gray bristol  board, the binding dead black morocco with dull  gold clasps.  There was a very interesting wedding at St.  Saviour's Church last Wednesday evening, the contractingparties being Emily Louise Hatch and  Frank L.McFarland. The church was tastefully  decorated, and the popularity of the bride and groom  was evidenced by the large number of people gathered  to witness the ceremony. The bride, handsomely  gowned in white silk, entered the church leaning on  the arm of Mr. Wm. Irvine, preceeded by the ushers,  Mr. Fred Irvine and Mr, McCammon. and two  dainty little flower girls, Misses Irvine and Painter.  The choir sang the beautiful wedding hymn, "The  Voice that Breathed O'er Eden," at the close of  which the marriage ceremony began, Rev. Mr.  Akehurst officiating. At the conclusion of the ceremony, the strains of Mendelsohn's Wedding March  pealed from the organ and the wedding party filed  out.     The wedding presents were numerous.  Even the coast is beginning to recognize the advantages of buying in Nelson. The Lawrence Hardware Co. made a 2-ton shipment of drill steel this  week to a mining company operating at Alberni,  Now if you are very anxious to learn whether the  diamond ring your friend is wearing is the real  thing or not, take some time when he or she is not  looking and hit it with a hammer, If nothing  happens to the stone it is genuine j if it breaks in  places it in not.  This is the surest test known, and the only drawback to it is the absurd prejudice of some persons  against having their jewela tested in this way.  On account of this prejudice, always apply  it to your friend's diamonds quietly, but firmly, and  then write a letter to him from a distant town to  which you will immediately go if the stones prove to  be imitation and crumble to pieces under the blows  of the hammer, impressing upon him the fact that  he really owes you a debt of gratitude for saving  him from going about wearing a paste stone, as he  might have done to the clay of his death without  knowing it, had you not applied the hammer test to  his jewel. But when testing the genuineness of  your friend's jewels it is better to limit  the hammer  f swmewsa  t*.'--w: ��.*A Jtt*Vi(aRf*K+f *��?t-3t3K4. ->>vii WflrfJIWartSi  I  I  THE NELSON ECONOMIST  ^est to diamonds, for with other gems it is either  doubtful or of no use. It must be ah exceptional  ruby that will stand it, even though genuine.  The best way to test a ruby is to get a steel file or  a piece of-hard quartz "and try to scratch the gem.  If you succeed the stone is not genuine. Such a  test with a topaz, however, is likely to injure a  valuable stone. ������ -  The test is " no good" with emeralds, for though  that stone is harder than quartz, it possesses the  quality of cracking easily. For both rubies ,and  emeralds the optical test is the best and objected  tostrenuously by the person whose jewels you are  examining. A glass which magnifies about a hundred times should be used. Almost every precious  stone has little flaws, and rubies and emeralds as a  rule have many defects which are so characteristic  that they can easily be detected by a person with a  little experience in such matters. With rubies such  a test is always deceptive. ���:.' Imitation' rubies are  made with a color that not only is absolutely durable, but which is even finer than most of the genuine  stones, although it may be said that a slight yellowish tint is always suspicious. It is by no means  conclusive, however.' ���  The only trustworthy way in.which genuine rubies  can be told from the imitation is by the minute air  bubbles of the latter, which become clearly visible  through the magnifying glass. The genuine stone'  lacks these air bubbles, hut, on the other hand,  possess certain defects which are .wanting in the  'imitation, These are certain minute vacuums  whose outlines are less distinct than those of the  air bubbles in. the imitation stone. The trained  eye can readily detect the difference between: an air  bubble and a vacuum, and thus decide upon the  question of the genuireness in ��� the stone. The  emerald also has certain characteristic defects which  are lacking in the imitation sfone and can readily  be detected by the expert with a magnifying glass'.  Fred Irvine & Co. advertise their fall millinery  opening for the last three days'of the week, when will  be shown the'finest collection of French arid American  model hals ever displayed iu Nelson.    '  L. G. Henderson, of the Henderson Directory Co,,  is in Nelson this week delivering the directory for  1901. Tnis edition of the Henderson Directory far  surpasses any former Issue in the matter of general  information. There have been many new features  added, which makes it almost a necessity for business  men.  Herbert Irvine and Geo. W. Robinson willopen a  boot and shoe store in the premises which have been  recently occupied by the Fountain Cafe. They will  carry a heavy line of fineb >o'fca and shoes and hope' to  be ready for business on or about November 1. Mr,  Irvine has left for the eastern cities to purchase the  stock.  T, P. O'Connor, in speaking of President Roosevelt  in a London magazine, has the following analysis to.  offer: " Revan, when close to his last hour, wrote  that he would like to Htirvive till tlie middle of this  century, so as to know the ultimate fateof the young  emperor of Germany, whose tumult was filling ami  alarming the ear of Europe. If the great philosopher  had survived he would probably have found a subject  of equal curiosity and uncertainty in the accession  to the presidency of this restless, short, muscular  man, as ready with his fists as with his pen, soldier  and literatteur, realist and dreamer, who occupies  the bleak    white house at   Washington  from  which  are ruled eighty of the m.pst active, vital millions  of  the human race."  MarieLamour in." A Wise Woman"  comes to the  Nelson Opera Hi>use Monday evening, Oct. 23.  A Most Lamentable Comedy is the title of a powerful novelette by Mr. William Allen White, which  begins in the. September 21 issue of the. Saturday  Evening Post, of Philadelphia. This absorbing  serial is a study of political hysterics���the,..story of  state gone mad. The scene of the novelette is , a  Western state laboring under the burdens of a panic,  year. The central figure is a grocery store demagogue, whose harebrained oratory captures.the state  convention.' . The story^rises to a height of dramatic,  power and intensity rarely equalled in the, fiction of  the day. ��� ^ .       ,  The fetes at Corneville this summer passed off  with great success. In spite of the trie of Plan-  quette's delightful operetta, Les Cloches de Corneville, the little Norman village possesses neither  hells nor bell tower. Even the historic chateau is.  missing, and the only seigneurial . abode is M.  Lanney's would-be antique, .wholly modern, country  house; However, the Marquis de la. Rochethulon  has determined that Corneville shall deserve the  fame whichlhe theater "has given her, and he has  accordirigly instituted annit al fetes, the proceeds of  which are to go to provide a bell tower and bells.  A pastor al perf or m arice. was given of the C1 och es d e  Corneville, with MM. Sonms, Leon S.tephane, Fumat  and 'Moret and M'mes. Leonie Richard and : Marguerite D'Elty in the chief roles*, and after the oper:  ettaM. Gallinon executed various peals on the new-  chime of bells which were bought out of the earnings  of last year's fete. Numbersof the "great ;folk who  are idling among' the Normandy watering places  came over for the festival and the villagers kept up  the rejoicings with dancing and music till a late  hour, although, simple souls that they are, they are  much bewildered at the fame cast on their little  village by associations of which they are entirely  ignorant.  Herr Steiner has been, engaged by the Nelson  Operatic Society to conduct the rehearsals of. the  Chimes of Normandy, to be produced in Nelson early  in December. P. G.  Fall Is Comin' 'Roun*.  W'en the brown creeps in the grass  And the leaves fall off the trees  And you get hungry for a glass  0' ci (1 e r w i 1h good o loci i ciese ���      ,  I say when tlie grass begins to brown  And nature sort o' tries to frown.  Et'sa, sign that tall is oomin.tt'' 'roun'.  W'en tlie brown creeps into tlie grass  And the weeds are up to your knees  A n' yoil;' ro gotti 11' low on gard i ii sass  Aiid you've picked the last of the pease���  I say when the grass begins to brown  An' tlie hired man's euttin' the thistles down,  It's a sign that fall is coin in' 'roun'.  W'en the brown creeps into the grass  And tlie blackbirds area, tlockiii'  An' grasshoppers are bait for bass  An' 'the wimnion folks, are talkln'  ()' cleaning house upstairs and down  An' youjes' sneak out and slide for town.  Jflt'H a sign that fall Is comin' 'roun',  W'en the brown creeps into tho grass  An' you clean up the old shotgun  An' wii/li your dog to tho stubble pass  Ami you cuss when ho spoils your fun���  I say when the grass begins to brown  An''nature sort (V trios to frown  You can hot that fall is comin' 'roun'.  m  i  m  m  M  1  m  >������*  '*? 8  i  1  m  . iol  I  fesl  7*1  s  :l  ���ill  II  ;1  '.'a|  "it  :&l  .1  I  1*1  'HI  a  l  1  1 8  The Old Blue Jar.  BEFORE Clementine went down to Milltown for  the summer she made up her mind that she  would bend all her energies to wheedle Aunt  Phoebe out ofthe old blue ginger jar that Uncle  Julius had brought home from China, little thinking  that the old slant eyed, fat sided mandarin would  take  such a jocular interest in her joys and sorrows.  The old blue jar had perched many years on th��  corner of the high mantelpiece in the old fashioned  country parlor, and Aunt Prcebe knew that if she  gave it to Clementine she would have a dreadfully  lonesome feeling every time she stood on a chair to  dust the old clock, the shells, the peddler vases, the  leather fans and other companions of its lofty abode.  But Clementine was an accomplished wheedler, and  the fond old aunt finally said she might have her  wish.  When Aunt Phoebe gave over to Clementine her  right and title to the old blue jar, Randall was leaning in the window and idly sifting rose leaves from  the old climbing vine through the meshes of his  tennis racket. He sympathized with her lively admiration for the antique and unique in china and  was glad that she had attained her heart's desire,  but a more absorbing interest possessed his manly  breast.  Clementine was going home in the morning, and  he had been trying in vain for several days to get  the feeble courage of his ardent convictions up to the  declarative point. . She was such a lively, fun loving girl, and love, you know, is such intensely serious  business. Several times Randall fancied he had  found her in a sober and properly receptive frame of  mind, when with a trifling jest she would defeat his  intention and   put the little god to flight.  No^, however, when the slant eyed mandarin on  the blue jar winked at him through the vines, Randall said to himself enthusiastically :  "Well, old boy, that's the very thing ! Thank  you for the bright idea ! Are they all as clever as  you are over in China ?"  That night, in his room under the eaves, he constructed an eloquent letter to C ementine and in the  early morning sneaked into the parlor and deposited  it in the robust bosom of the old blue mandarin.  " If she finds it before she goes home, it is all  right," said the timorous, adoring fellow," and if  she doesn't find it until afterward it will be all right  too."  But the mandarin felt a little funny that day, so  when Clementine packed her trunk he inspired her to  stuff the ginger jar full of her silken hose, that the  precious article might take no risks of breakage in  its voyage. So when Randall parted from her at  the station she made no sign of knowing anything  in particular, and his hopeful heart decided that she  would surely find the letter when she reached home,  and he would then hear from her.  Now, Clementine was a girl who always had a  great many things on her mind, and when she had  unpacked the treasured jar and placed it on a dainty  table in her pretty parlor���with a self congratulatory thought that it was so respectable to have things  that one's relative had brought from China���she  wholly forgot the curious load that the mandarin  had on his breast. She missed her silken hose, of  course, and pestered Aunt Phoebe with messages  about them.  In Milltown, as you may imagine, Randall waited  for the answer to his letter. Awhile he waited  patiently, then impatiently awhile, and then  dived  into his law books with that " composure of settled  distress" which lovers have known in every age  and clime. He did not dream that the slant  eyed mardarin would be guilty of the ungentlemanly  trick of intercepting a love letter.  But the fun loving mandarin knew what he was  about. He was not without experience in these  matters, and he wanted to punish Clementine a trifle  and bring her to the proper condition of seriousness.  And Clementine was feeling the situation with all  the sobriety that was desirable. She had suspected  all summer that Randall had a tender feeling for her  which she felt qualified to reciprocate, but she was  a proud girl and could not by a feather's weight influence the balance of his attentions. Therefore behind her smiles she had been not a little wounded  that he had allowed her to come home without having  given expression to his sentiments.  So she, too, now took on a sober countenance and  banished thought and regret by joining several new  clubs and taking membership in two or three mora  charitable organizations.  Just before Christmas Randall one day experienced  in his breast a sort of imperative intimation���perhaps direct from the slant eyed mandarin, who  knows?���that he might hear of something to his advantage if he should go down to the city and call  upon Clementine ; so after some futile resistance to  the message he betook himself thither.  He was graciously received by Clementine--that  is, graciously enough for a young man who had  played the trifler with her invisible affections���and  he seated himself in a cozy chair near the pretty  table which held his old friend���the blue jar.  As he talked with Clementine, a little constraint  being apparent on both sides, he toyed with the lid  of the jar, and the slant eyed mandarin appeared to  wink at him three times very knowingly.  Under some occult but imperative pressure Randall removed the lid and touched with his finger the  silken texture of some mysterious contents.  Curiosity further constrained him, and he pulled  from the bosom of the now jubilant mandarin a pale  blue article of singular description for a parlor ornament, and, following it, he extricated a pale pink  strip of  similar shape and structure.  Turning to Clementine for explanation of these unforeseen apparitions, he found her speechless with  wild eyed astonishment, and without a word or  gesture she seized the old blue jar and hurried from  the room.  Randall smiled the first real, soul felt, refreshing  smile that he had indulged in for several months  and vowed by the pigtail of the old slant eyed that  he would stay rooted to the spot until Clementine  returned.  What she said to the genius of the jar as she flew  up stairs with it only the mandarin can reveal.  As Randall paced the parlor, pulling his mustache  and wondering if Clementine's keen sense of humor  would carry her safely through the trying hour, she  came shamefacedly into the room, bearing in one  hand the blinking old mandarin and in the other  the pleading letter he had borne so long hid in his  clever bosom.  Randall met the dear girl more than half way,  and as she whimpered gently on his shoulder he promised never, never, never to tell,  And when they were married, if you believe mo,  that ridiculous old ginger jar accompanied, them on  \!i  X  ifimmmmmmmmmm  wmmmmmmmmmm  mn i  m  m  THE NELSON ECONOMIST  9  their wedding trip, and Randall picked the bosom  ofthe grotesque mandarin full of Clementine's bridal  roses,'there to fade and thereto   remain.  Now, as Randall never told, the entire responsibility of this revelation lies between you and me and  the ginger jar.  Discussing international relations recently, Admiral ofthe Fleet Sir John Edmund Commerell  said:  " I will tell you of a thing that occurred to me in  America. There was a member of the Senate, Mr.  Chandler of Michigan, whose abuse of England was  of the coarsest possible description. Each session  he started the same motion, which meant fire and  sword for England. To may surprise, when I went  over to America and dined at the Embassy, whom  should I see there but friend Chandler. I said,  'Good heavens ! have you got Mr. Chandler here?'  " 'Lord bless you,' said they,' he is the tamest man  possible.'  "He told me the other day when I spoke to him  about  it:  "My dear sir, it is all talk. It does not hurt vou,  but it is a very good thing for my constituents, because they believe I am in earnest."  Lemice Therieux once worked off a little practical  joke at the expense of a play in which the Pelion of  misery was heaped upon the Os.s.a of despair, says  a writer in 'Chambers' Journal.' Together with  twenty friends he secured a prominent seat in the  gallery. When the pathetic moment arrived,  Therieux pulled out a handkerchief and burst into  tears. The effect was electrical. The man next  to him also fell to weeping, and also took hold of the  handkerchief. The epidemic of teirs thereupon extended all along the line of the faithful twenty, and  as each man succumbed to hie emotion he took hold  of the end of the handkerchief, until at last all the  confederates were weeping in it. The handkercnief  was twenty yards long, and had been specially prepared for the occasion. The low comedian struggled  gamely with this exhibition of woe, but his witticisms  were of no avail for the funnier he became the more  frequent were the sobs of the sorrowing twenty.  Walter Taylor is the seven-year-old son of a well-  known rector of the Episcopal Church in Los  Angeles. On a recent Sunday his mother took him  to church in a Canadian city where they were spending the summer. It is the custom in that church  for the clergyman and congregation to bow in silent  prayer for a minute or two just before the sermon  begins. It was a new proceeding to the child, for he  was not accustomed to seeing this done in his father's  church ; but the little chap bravely and reverently  did his part. After the service was over, the clergyman���one of the old Evangelical school���who had  noticed the reverence and apparent devotion of the  child, spoke to him and commended his reverence  with an affectionate pat on the head. u It was  very pleasing," he remarked to a group of bystanders,  " to see this little fellow so deeply engaged in earnest  prayer just before I began my sermon, What  prayer did you offer to the Throne of Grace, my  little boy ?" All unconscious of the effect it produced,  the little fellow candidly and instantly replied : " I.  said : ' Now I lay me down to sleep, I pray the Lord  my soul to keep.'"  The conspicuous part played by the Carnegie Steel  Company in the news recently calls attention to an  important condition that has helped to bring about  the wonderful  development of this concern.     The  company is probably the only,one in the world in  which "influence" and'1'pull" are not permitted to  affect promotions. A hard and fast rule is laid  down that all promotions must come from the ranks,  and that everybody in the employ of the concern  must stand on his own merits. Neither relationship  nor any other claim is recognized, either in obtaining employment or in getting ahead after a place is  won. That this is not mere idle talk was forcibly  brought home not a great while ago, to a Pittsburger.  This man, after a successful business career, recently met with a series of commercial reverses that  left him practically without a dollar in the world.  There was, however, nothing to reflect on his probity  or on his business acumen, his misfortunes being due  to circumstances over which he had no control. As  he was in excellent health, looking and feeling at  least ten years younger than he really was, the  disaster did not break his spirit... ,t. He determined  that he would begin all over again, and make a new  fortune. As "a prelminary he went to Andrew  Carnegie, whom he had -.known.- intimately all his  life, having been with him a member of the Duquesne  Club and of other organizations. He explained his  situation and asked for a position in the works commensurate with his position and training.  "I cannot give you a position," said Mr. Carnegie.  " You cannot��� why ?"  "Simply because I haven't the power."  " But you are the chief owner I"  "Yes I am, butit is a rule in the Carnegie Company that everybody must begin at the bottom and  work up, and neither I nor anyone else can change  that rule, if I should give an order to-put you in such  a position as you ask, even if there weie a vacancy,  no attention would be paid to it���not the slightest.  In fact, if I should give you any sort of a letter of  recommendation it would not get you a place such  as you ask, and in the second place, if you did  succeed in getting in atthe bottom, tne very fact that  1 had recommended you would make everybody in ���  the establishment watch you like a hawk. That is  the way influence works in our concern."  The Pittsburger went away and got work elsewhere, but he regrets that he did not start earlier in  life in an enterprise where merit is so absolutely the  test Whether the same rule will be maintained  under the great consolidation is a question that interests many people.  Miss Marie Belloc in an illustrated article in  Cassellls Magazine on the Duke and Duchess of  Cornwall and York, says of His Royal Highness as  a sailor: There are many .storie* of the years when  the Duke of York was in naval service, one of which  at least has the merit of being absolutely true, for it  was told at a public dinner by Admiral Sir  Frederick Bedford, who took an actual part in the  incident. Sir Frederick was atthe time in command of the ship in which the Duke was serving as  lieutenant, and as the vessel was coaling in Turkish  waters the Sultan sent a, representative to greet the  grandson of the British sovereign. The Pasha was  naturally received by the Admiral, then a captain,  to whom he showed but scant courtesy. " I am  come to greet the Prince who is in command," he  observed, "I am in command," replied Captain  Bedford; " the Prince is one of my lieutenants, but  if you will wait a minute you will see him." And  just then Prince George, who had been in command  of the coaling party, and who had in the exercise of  his duties became smothered in coal dust appeared.  The spectacle of Queen Victoria's grandson so engaged apparently inspired the Turkish official with  mingled surprise and horror.  ���?m  If  1  ��  11  m  I  ;iSI  I  I  ���m  m  Ij  I  I  ���f.l  SI  ���m  Mi  fa  i  ���jf-i  i  .-���  I  m  I  i  i,  i  j 10  THE NELSON ECONOMIST  The Slocan Drill reports : Owing  to a washout on the road at Day-  creek, shipments from the Arlington this week were not as heavy as  they would otherwise have been.  The road was blocked for a day or  so, having been broken up by the  heavy rains. As it was 140 tons  was sent down, bringing the total  of the property to 3170 tons. Th>  Enterprise has recommenced shipping, sending out 20 tons on Tuesday.  Last year the exports from this division amounted to 2847 tons, made  up from 10 properties. Following  is a list of the shipments this year  to date:  Arlington.     3170  Enterprise.  460  Two Friends...  40  Black Prince..................... 125  Bondholder..  .........  . 23  Chapleau............... ...... .... 15  Speculator...   ................... l'Q  Phoenix.  23  V. & M......... .................."    20  Esmeralda...'..................... 2  Hampton......... ...........;..... 6  Fourth of July...... ............ 7  Tamarac ................. ......... 5  .....j.-  3906  During   the   past month   large  beds " of iroii   ore  have 'been-   dis-  covered in the Fort  Steele district.  At Bull river there is great masses  of red hematite lying  exposed on  the side of the  mountain.     Three  ledges have been uncovered, one of  which has a width of 50 feet show-  a depth of 300 feet by means of  an  open cut  extending  for that  distance up and  down the  mountain  side.     The  ore is said to be a first  class bessemer ore, carrying  about  sixty-three per cent metallic  iron.  This large body of  iron  has  been  traced from  the. Bull  river side of  the   mountain   over   the   summit  down into Iron creek, up   Munroe  mountain  some 4,000.     Fourteen  claims have been located in almost  a straight line, and surface indications show that the bit? lead, as far  as known,  to be 21,000 feet,    The  ore deposit is covered by 33 loca  tions.     Bodies of iron  ore are also  located on Dibble creik a tributary  ,of Bull river.     Some eight or  ten  locations have been  made in  thn  vicinity.     A    prospecting    party  from Wild Horse creek report  the  finding of a   large  deposit of iron  on   the   east   fork.    On   Grundy  creek a small eight  foot ledge  has  been located.     In the vicinity  of  Moyie more  iron  has been   found,  If we include the big iron  deposits  at Kitchener  in  the list, we  find  that 80 claims  have  been  located  and recorded, on deposits of iron  in the Kootenay district. With  these large deposits of iron  developed, adequate means of  transportation afforded, with  equally large deposits of coal, copper, lead, sold and silver the future  of the Fort Steele district is assured.  ���Fort Steele Prospector  Lardeail Eagle: For the past week  the weather has been rather unfavorable for mining in this district, so  many of the properties working  being located near the summits.  However, development is forging  ahead and good reports continue  to come in from every direction.  The snow-capped peaks indicate  that the present successful season  is drawing to a close. Preparations tor the raw-hiding season are  now being made, and Larc'eauites  have a good winter to look forward  to. Our ore production this winter  will do much to attract outsiders  for next vear. The following  items will give Eagle readers some  idea of the mining news of the  week :',' ���       '���;���-������;������- ������'.���'.".������  Another big strike of ore has  been discovered on the Ajnx, one  of the claims on the Nettie L. group,  some 300 fu above the find made  some weeks ago while the claim  was being surveyed The possibili  ties of the Nettie L group seem to  "enlarge-; each week. The wagon  road to this mine is now nearing  completion, and the force will be  gradually increased from now on.  Everything is shaping well for the  ivinter, which promises to be a record-breaker in the matter of ore  shipment. Ferguson's Le Roi is  holding her own against all the  new properties now being opened  up.  The contractor, Sig Davis, and  his men are down from the Mountain Lion group, having completed  the 50 ft. tunnel. They have not  struck the ore body, but things are  looking all right, and instructions  may be received this week to continue work until the ore body is  tapped. A cabin has been built  and well provisioned, and Mr.  Davis thinks there would be no  difficulty in working there for  two months yet. The same owners,  the Mountain Lion Co,, have made  the first monthly payment of $1,000  on the American, which is under  a working bond, and the pay roll  money is expected daily.  An important strike has been  made on the I. X. L, group, at the  head of Brown creek. Assays of  the ore encountered while drifting  on the ledge run as high as 1270  ozs, in silver to the ton.  KOOTENAY     .  .  COFEEE CO.  Coffee Roasters  Dea,ers in Tea and Coffee  ^I' *���!' *.!' Mc_  W���?l\7iC7K���  ����&��-^  We are offering at lowest prices the best  grades of Ce3rlon, India, China and Japan  Teas.  Our Best Mocha and Java Coffee per  pound...... $   40  Mocha and Java Blend, 3 pounds. .... 1 00  Choice Blend Coffee, 4 pounds.....���  1 00  Special Blend Coffee, 6 pounds..... 1 00  Rio Blend Coffee, 6 pounds ......".'. ��� . 1 00  Special Blend Ceylon Tea, per- piund.    SO  A TRIAL ORDER SOLICITED.  KOOTENAY COFFEE CO.  Telephone 177.  P. O. Box 182.  WEST     BAKER    STREET,    NELSON  WADDS BROS  QTOGRAPH  Vancouver and Nelson  BAKER STREET  NELSON,   B.  C  TOURS  VIA  AM ERICA'S  GREAT EST  SCENIC LINE  To all Eastern Points via Lake Hon to,  All-Kail or Soo Line, via St..Paul or  Chicago.  PAN-AMERICAN  EXPOSITION  BUFFALO - $76.00  Sixty Days'  Limit;  AUGUST 6, 20"  Through Slouplng Cnr Service, Ko'oteimy  Landing to Toronto, Arrowhead to Vancouver,"  Vor pamphlets doRciMptlvo of Canadian Pa-  clllo triui'H unci for Tim on blew, Kiilos, Tickets,  up ply  J.H.CtAKTMK,  ,I)lsl. l'ass, A.gt...  Nolson.  H. L, BROWN,  City PuHHongtir Agents,  K J.COYLW,  A. ({. P. A.  Vancou vcr.  i'M��i(ff!ii^||ij>��lffi|r|*Ml1MI)l.��'l'��ijaWPPH,V|!m'  ^^^wsgnw^rs^^

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