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The Ledge Jul 26, 1923

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Vol.   XXX.. -
amascaaMawEggtrai^a^-mMj, _,.__ ..����_���.
��� Just received a large shipment of-
Enamel, Tin and   Galvanized  Ware-
Consisting of
Double Boilers 3 sizes. Steamers 4 sizes, Stew pots> Kettles, Milk
Strainers. Collanders. Pails. Wash  Basins, Dish  pan'Si wash Tubs,
Wash Boilers, Sprinkling Cans, e^;.     ���
We carry Earthinware Crocks suitable for Preserving e?es in"
.    T. M. GULLEY & CO.
No.   1
Paragraphs of Local Interest
One of the nicest courtesies you can show jour friends is to let them learn through
this.'column of your-visit whenever you go away. I*et us know when .you have visitors
at your homes. The Ledge will consider it a courtesy whenever you (jive us an item
of this kind.   Write or phone 29L.    .
^immimnm mmmmmmwmwfflffltt^^
Samples for Suits
and Styles
X W. Elson & Co
Fresh Local
Leave your orders with
|| LEE & BRYAN Phone
Fresh Chocolates.
Complete Assortment of
Just in
Everything in Box and Bulk Goods
Nice Assortment of Presents for School Closing
Real Estate.'   .
Fire,  Life Insurance
Licensed by B. C. Government
Accident & Sickness Insurance
_ Auction off your surplus Stock
Call at iny Office and see me-in
1      reference to any of above
Half Price ' ���
Commencing June 28, a Sale of niy
present stock of Milliiiery, at Half
Price, will be held.     Prices and
stock will please."""
- Mrs. Ellen Trounson
J. H. Goodeve is on a business
trip to Merritt.
Fred Christensen left for Kimberley on Tuesday.
Miss Ethel Fraser is spending
a few days with" her grandmother
Mrs. "Coleman at Ymir.
The Greenwood- Dairy has
added a .thoroughbred cow to
their herd of dairy cattle.
Mrs. P. H. 7 McCurrach and
three children returned on Tuesday from a visit to Vancouver.
. a.      1 ^
Cash paid for hides aTBrown's
- Mrs: W. .Trounson returned on
Friday f rotrTSpok.ane where her
son, Juan* is learning the barber
trade. -_"
W. Francis arrived in town on
Friday and is visiting at the
home of his sister, Mrs. Thos.
Jenkin.. , ���"
Commander and Mrs. Lewis
Major and Mrs. Gray, of Kettle
Valley, were visitors to town on
Monday. ,
On Tuesday afternoon the home
of Mrs. M. Axam was the scene of
a very pretty wedding party when
Miss Nellie Axam was united in
holy bonds of matrimony to Albert
C. S.   Ryder, of Vancouver, is j Mark Christensen, eon of Mr.  and
Mining Notes
relieving at the Government
Liquor Store while Ed Pope is
on his holidays. Twenty-three
years ago Mr. Ryder was minister.
of finance in the Joe Martin
JV E- Thompson, : a former
M. L. A. for Grand Forks and
now a resident of Vancouver
where he is managing director of
the Restmore Manufacturing
Company, was in town on Thursday last on a motor tour of the
Mrs. Mark Christensen. The ceremony which was performed by the
Eev. W. R. Walkinshaw, was
held  under   the    beautiful   shade
Big Screen Triumph
Greenwood Theatre
Marmalade Season is Here
t Try ;Our
Orange and Pineapple Marmalades
and Bramble Jelly
PaLace Livery  Stable
Express and Heavy,Draying
Auto's and Truck For Hire, Day or Night
We carry
Tires, Oils, Greases, Hay and Grain
Office Phone 13.
Residence Phone 3.
JULY 27th ���anH 28th
Commencing at 8.15 p.m.
*    William Fox presents
"Monte Cristb"
From 'the Immortal Romance by
Alexandre Dumas
You will meet old friends amid familiar
scenes iu this slirring'pro&uctioii
William Fox insisted upon perfection of
detail. In the great trial Scene, cameras
were stopped to sliift'a misplaced inkwell
to the proper position on -the judge's
Mrs. W. A. Ritchie and children have returned .home from a
few weeks holiday spent near
Cascade.        -   '
Miss Vendella Gustafson returned to Penticton on Tuesday
after a few <J*ys visit with Mrs.
A. Sater.
ADULTS 50c     ���
For Sale. .
One S-horse power, used for
thrashing machine, etc., complete
with jack and tumbling rods, in
perfect shape, will sell cheap, for
particulars apply to .   ,
-    Joe CAitosr,
. * Midway, B.C.
We carry only the best stock procurable in
Beef, Veal, Pork/ Ham, Bacon, Lard, Etc.   '     a
A trial will convince you t
|  JOHN MEYER - " Proprietor |
The Voice Is The Soul Of Telephoning
When you complete -a   Long distance conversation vou e~net-_e,ir*��
satisfaction that does not follow under other circumstauW   v &
t_.   **i ����� *-vo,    y our nics^a^c
has-been conveyed as you would have it, and you know exactly ho     ���'i\��
been received by the person at the other esid. . W
_ The reason of the satisfaction is the intimacy ��hich the tele_hone
gives JUs your voice and the voice in reply that makes long distance
telephoning real conversation. . fe u'r,t'1"1-^
For Sale
Black Currants, Red Currants,
and Raspberries; also Spring
Chicken at 25c. per pound,'undressed. R. Forshaw, Phone
7L, Greenwood.
Dr. O. M. Graves, Dentist, will
be in Ferry, Wash., the first 8
days of every month.
Agent for Dodge, Chevrolet, .Studebaker
aud Overland cars. Garage in connection.
D. McPHERSON        -       Proprietor
Presbyterian Church
Minister in clsaige
Rev. W. R, Walkinshaw, B. A.
Services Sunday, July 29th
Greenwood. 7.30 p.m.
This will be a Baptismal service. Any
parents desiriug baptism for their children might notify the minister before
Saturday night
Phone 5L when  you see stray
cattle on the street..
The long wait for examination
results disturbs the rest for the
long holidays for many of the
John Cropley left for Tranquille on Wednesday morning
after ^spending a - two weeks
holiday in .town..    ���
Mrs. Aulty returned on Monday from a two weeks visit t'o
Vancouver where *she was the
guest of MrS. F. Johnson.
Miss Maria Williamson left for
Kettle Valley on Sunday after a
few days visit' in town, as the
guest of Miss Georgina Lee.
Mr. Richdale received' the sad
intelligence by wire on Wednesday that his son, John, was killed
in an auto accident iu California.
Mrs. J.��M. Bella, daughter and
son, arrived in town on Saturday
and have taken up their residence in the Dixon house opposite
the Post Office.
Mrs. Kate Walters and sons,
Archie and Murray, of Vancouver, are spending a few days
in town the guests of Mr. aud
Mrs. Wm. Walters.
Roy Harris motored over from
Trail on Saturday, returning
Sunday evening' accompanied by
Mrs. Harris-.who has been the
guest of. Mrs. M. Axam.
Chas. Nichols returned from
Vernon on Wednesday. He was
accompanied by his wife and
three children who have been' in
the Okanagan during the past
two months.
Mr. and Mrs. P. E. Crane and
son, Walton, motored in from
Beaverdell on Sunday and left
the following morning for.a three
weeks-visit' to Seattle and Snohomish, Wash.
Mr. and Mrs. G. S. Walters returned on Sunday after spending
a^ week at yictoria - and Vancouver. They met many old
Green woodites and all enquired
about the old town.
One hundred head of cattle
���were shipped from Midway to the
coast the first ofthe week. They
were bought by R. A. Begg for
Swift Canadian and the prices
were 4 cents a pound for cows
and 5 cents for steers.
Midway defeated Molson at
baseball the first of the week by
a score of IS to 10. Next Sunday
there will be a good game when
Grand Forks aad Midway will
play for second place. The game
[will be,played in Midway.
Joseph.Janotia was arrested by
the Provincial Police on July 18.
He was held under observation
for a few; days and on Tuesday
he appeared before, James Kerr,
J. P. He was let go under condition that he leave town immediately and'go to work,
British Columbia is caring well
for^ her mentally incapaciated.
Last week Hon., J. D. MacLean,
provincial secretary, laid the corner stone of the new mental hospital "at Essohdale, a structure
which will cost upwards of $500,-
000 and be one of the finest institutions of its kind in the province.
H. S. Clapp, general manager
of the Allenby Copper Co., and
J. McLaughlin, superintendent
at Copper Mountain', made a
business call on G. S. Walters on
Tuesday morning. They were
returning to Allenby after visiting Trail. The trip was made
each way by motor.
While driving home , from the
dance at Rock Creek on Tuesday
evening a party of eight Green-
woodites had a miraculous escape
when their auto somersaulted,
through -a defective rear right
wheel, near Riverside. No injuries were received except for a few
slight bruises and all were more
or less badly shaken up. The
McLaughlin car was badly damaged.
The preliminary hearing of
James Turner, who was charged
with breaking and-entering John
N. Luce's dwelling at Rock
Creek and taking a sum of
money, was held before P. H.
McCurrach, S.M., at "the Court
House on Thursday last, resulted
in..theaccused" being~sent up"for
trial. He was taken - to Grand
Forks on Friday and elected for
speedy trial before His Honor
J. R. Brown. Turner pleaded
guilty and was sentenced to one
year in the jail'and he was taken
Nelson on Tuesday by Chief
Fraser. ���
trees close to the residence. Miss
Mabel Axam was bridesmaid, Fred
Christensen -best man and Geo.
Boag gave the bride away. After
the ceremony the bridal party was
driven in gaily decorated autos to
the station amid showers of rice
and wheat. They left for Trail
and from there they will go via
the Arrow -lakes to Vancouver
where they will reside.
Another - home is made a new
start in life is commenced.
We rejoice with a host of friends
in congratulating the happy couple
and wish them a long life and a
happy one.
The Combination Mine "
The tunnel on the Combination
Mine, of the Eholt  Mining Co., is
now in 225 feet.    Several different
stringers of quartz appear in the.
face of the tunnel and they areln-
creasing in   width.      Water   has
begun to seep  through  from the
shaffby the stringers an indication
that the distance is not great to
cut the ledge.
Community Picnic
A community picnic will be
held next Wednesday afternoon
at the old->camping spot near the
C.P.R. Sports of all kinds will
be held, Everybody come and
bring-basket and own cup. Come
and have good time. Everybody
Haying Season
Word was received in town this
week from Anyox that the
fire on Saturday, July. 14 at the
northern mining town started in
the incinerator and for 48 hours
the camp was endangerd. The
fire reached the powder magazine
containing 90 tons of dynamite
and due to the fact that the
powder burned for 15'minutes before exploding. save * the town
from being wiped out. Considerable damage was done to doors
and windows but no one was injured. All women and children
were warned to get into the tunnels and most of them were put
of danger as well as a number of
men when the powder exploded.
The mine and. smelter was closed
down so that every available man
could help fight the fire. The
fire fighters and a strenuous time
of it down at the Beach when a
strong wind was blowing and the
fire was coming down on them at
a dozen different places. At this
point is where the coke plant is
situated along with a by-products
plant which makes benzol, a very
high explosive. Fortunately this
was saved. The fire quietened
down at b,30 Monday morning
when a thunder storm pSssed
over and it rained heavily for two
\ hours.
Haying is in full swing. Soon
the threshing machine" will buzz
us into winter, then Christmas
with its merry greetings,' and the
New Year, a Leap Year too.
Time flies fast, and we grow old
whether .we have made provision
for old age or not. In the meantime, we are making merry and
���feeding" our - households oh "the
best of vegetables, golden and
home-made bread with fruits in
abundance, and this old world
seems a good place to live in,
in spite of hardwork. It's the
fact that we enjoy eating
good things that makes the world
go- round. If we didn't enjoy
eating, the farmer would have
no variety of crops. All the
people would need, would t Be
porridge, and the kitchen utensils
could be narrowed down to ������ a
barrel for, meal and a big porridge pot. We would have no
need for butchers, or grocers of
vegetable vendors, canning factories or - flour mills, cheese
makers or-fishermen.- The whole
world would turn into a big Scotland and eat porridge and go. to
the Presbyterian. Church. The
farmer wouldjhave lots of time to
sit on the. fence,*and watch his
oats grow. If we were to1 follow
out every branch of this subject
we would soon see that the world
would be a poor place to live in,
if were not for the fact that
nature has given to all people a
desire for good things to eat.
The Spotted Horse
A   party   of   Spokane , people
motored to town during the weekend  and   inspected    the  Spotted
Horse on Jubilee mountain west of
Greenwood.       They    were;   well
pleased with the showing and one
of the visitors,  stated that the formation of this country was as good
as he has seen in any mining district. The visitors also looked over
the Combination mine and   were
high in  their praise of  this well
known property..   They returned
to Spokane on Monday.   The.party
consisted of W.C- Nichols, owner
of the Spokane Yellow   Taxi Line
and heavily interested in mining;
Bert A. Nichols, a retired  restaurant  man and also interested in
mining,    They were accompanied
by their wives.    Others were Mrs.
J. F. Manly who is interested in
mining, and Miss Madison,  W. C.
Nichols private   secretary, and C.
E. Bartholomew .who was��� instrumental in  bringing the party to
The Riverside Mine
Frederic Keffer, M. E., consulting engineer and Andrew Jackson,
secretary of the-Jack Paul -Mining
Co., of Spokane, arrived ih town,
on Monday evening by motor' and
after spending-the night in town
left in the morning for the -company's   property,    the   Riverside
Rock Creek Hotel
When hungry if yoa will drop
into the Eock Creek Hotel you will
find set before yon, without any
long wait, a tempting array of
delectable things to eat. that so
thoroughly satisfies the inner mas.
You will also find a full line of
cigars and tobacco and everything
in the Hn8 of soft drinks. T.- R.
Hanson, the new manager, caters
to the best trade and conducts his
business ia a manner that insures
it. He specializes in Sunday
chicken dinners.
Boy Scouts
Troop   meets   on   Friday
7:30 p.m. in the Fire Hall.
There will be no meeting,
the Cubs until further notice.
I will, pay a reward of ��100.00 to any
person giving information that will lead
to theprosecatiori ofthe person or ptr-
sons, that deliberately and maliciously
deposited a quantity of "stink weed" seed
in nsy grain field.
Rock Creek, B.C��
Mine   near    Rock  Creek.   ' Mr.
Keffer made a thorough examina-  .
tion of the property and on  his return to town on Wednesday evening, stated that the ore.in>the:No.
2   tunnel,   where   Superintendent
Nelson recently encountered   the
ore, is four feet wide, 'with fairly
good looking ore. ' No assays hftve
keen   made,   but   Mr.  Keffer has
taken samples from all the new
work.    It is the intention of the
company to extend this, tunnel be- ^
yond the faulted zone, .where ore
found in the exploratory drift last
spring was 8 feet  wide.    The tunnel will have to be  driveu 25'f6et
more to get tp_the_ore under-this���
drift and will be continued as long
as the ore continues to the line a
1000 feet distant.
In the No. 5 tunnel at the present time the vein is 13 inches wide
of high grade ore. This tunnel
is comparatively new work down
by the Kettle river. It was started by the original owners who had
driven it for 30 feet and was continued by the present company for ���
15 feet.
The Ho. 1 tunnel was driven by
the original owners up to the faulted zone, its length t being approximately 300 feet. - The company
plans to cross the fault in this tunnel also and then follow not only -
follow No. 1 vein but Nos. 3 and 4,
which veins are close to No. 1.
Silver is the principal value in
the ore on this property with varying values in gold and lead.
Mr. Keffer is well pleased with
the indications and hopes for big
Mr. Keffer and Mr. Jackson returned to Spokane tbis morning
and it is Mr. Keffer's intention to
return in three weeks.
J. N. Luce," of Rock Creek,
appeared before P. H. McCurrach, S. M., on Monday, charged
with selling liquor on July"l4,
contrary to the Government
Liquor Act. The hearing took
up the greater part of the day
aad resulted in the case being
dismissed. C. F. R��� Piacoit and
F. B. Hetheringtofi, of Grand
Forks, represented the accused.
Have you. paid' your subscription to The Ledge? THE    LEDGE,     GREENWOOD,     B.     0.
British  Tribute  to   an  American1
Walter Hines Pag�� Occupies a Unique
Place in Affections of British
Although    he    was    not    tlie    first
-American whose lame has been recognized by a memorial in Westminster
A neglected cold is
the open gateway to
To quickly stop a
cold, the best way is
to clear the air pas- Abbey, Waiter Hines Page already oc-
sages of the nose j cupies a unique place in the affection.;
and throat; free;
them of germs, and
let the healing vapor of CATARRHOZONE do the rest.
Seeing By Wireles*
One breath of CA-
brings instant relief. Your suffering
stops. Hoarseness is relieved,
throat and nose - are cleared, inflamed bronchial tubes are healed,
all danger of Catarrh is prevented.
your purse, in your vest pocket, and
use it when the first shiver or sneeze
comes.      Complete outfit   One Dollar, j ,     (lisliriguishetl nssenlbla
small  size  50c.      At    all    druggists.
Refuse  a substitute.      By mail  from
The Catarrhozone Co., Montreal.
Of Lighting
Present Form of Illumination Result
Of Years of Research   -
When you step carelessly to the
wall and push a button that floods
your living-room with light, you accept this service as a matter of course.
Few persons ever stop to consider the
many futile attempts and the tireless
research and experimentation that has
made this form of illumination possible.
Light is as important to man as the
air he breathes, and from the very
earliest days he has endeavored to imprison it in one form or another for
his use and pleasure���in the rush
light, candle, kerosene, gas and electric lamps. /
Though the story of the lamp extends over a period of thousands of
years, and History reveals it to you
in one form or another, from ancient
times to the present, little ingenuity
was displayed in the making of a
device for the use of artificial light
until 1S55, when the kerosene lamp
was introduced, whicli produced 50
per cent, more light than the hitherto
generally used sperm oil lamp or candle, y
Craftsmen of olden times turned
out some unusually interesting and
beautiful lamps, which represented a
high order of artistic achievement.
Yet when ail was said and done, these
lamps were not one bit better from an
illumination standpoint than the stone
or earthen receptacle for grease which
was man's first notable lighting device
alter the faggot torch.
The kerosene lamp heid sway from
its introduction in 1855 to 3885.".From
. then, until 1905,' it gradually . disappeared, and- the ������ Welsbach "gas man-
fle'and electricity; began usurping 'its
'.place;.-',/, ...-'. -X ��� . ..." ...'--���;.-' . .7,"":-'
[Xy Today the artificial light.utilized bj7
' .the/average"" family is equivalent to the.
������combined.'light bfV 360 candles, - or
"about "18 times-the amount-of illumin-
��� ation-used a century ago. 7 . The. cost,
top *;is"-appreciably, far le's"s," for,'.though
the'increase in "the amount''of night-
. lighting/amounts--to 1,700 "'per .cent.-,
the. reduction iii .the .cost of-a year's
���lighting is" about "TO percent. -'Xx-y'- --'���
of the British people. This is so bo-
cause from the very outset he understood the nature of the struggle Ureal
Britain was-making in the world war
and longed to see the United States
assume its share of the burden.
With great dignity, Viscount Grt'y
of Falloaon, who, as Secretary of
State for Foreign Affairs, was in
intimate relationship with the late
Ambassador to the Court of St.
James',   related   this    record    before
e present
at the unveiling on July 2. Mr. Page
was one of those Americans who made
an almost instant decision once the
war began. , ���
He was impatient of lhe processes
by which his countrymen were in season to be persuaded of thc necessity
of entering the conflict. lie was latin advance of the main stream of
American opinion and it would undoubtedly have been diflicull to have
persuaded Congress to declare war ;is
early as he advised. Yet events
caught up with his convictions and the
United States was finally prepared to
pursue the course he desired.
As Lord Grey said in uncovering
the tablet, the Ambassador, was inspired by a single, earnest desire to
make human freedom, as he saw It,
prevail among the nations of the
world. This is a noble ambition,
and when a man highly placed is
actuated by such a motive, fame is
his without the asking.
In representing the United States in
Britain, Ambassador Page strove passionately to bring about a community
of effort among the English-speaking
peoples during one of the decisive
events in human history. Great Britain recognized him as a brother of
the blood.; So naturally the name ot
Walter Hines Pages found its way to
the shrine'in which England treasures
the memory of its illustrious dead.'lle
forgot himself utterly during a stirring hour in the history of mankind and sought only to serve his
country in a supreme cause.
Aero Newspapers v
.-Lcndonto Paris Planes Have Printing
..--. Outfit on. Board... --.- 7
The aeroplanes .carrying- mail  and
passengers'.between London ami Paris
.'now- actually'have a printing'outfit oh
.. board/them /and" publish a. newspaper
on the'voyage. "."Each day before tlie
7- sailing 'hour ��� the;iatest- news' of the'
world, political,'financial and -general",
-.���-}s/rushe<i-'to/the...editoiV'7 -i).uring-'the-
'-flight news is sent .out by" wireless
.':from. London-and "Pc.rs's at regular'ln-
"tervals, so that tlie aerial editor is in
instant'touch with affairs.. ,;The"nows
is   "prepared,; set. :up,'and the paper.
printed "during rthe.. aeroplane's, flight.'
��� The editions'.are.'- delivered - to :' the
-' towns over . which /the aeroplane/flies'
by means of'parachutes.- /'The/aerial!
newspaper- contains, stock' quotations,
special feature's and! news'.in general.
:.I Was GreatlyBenefited by
Taking Lydia E. Piiikhsan's-
Vegetable Compoundv :
Canada's Exportable Wheat
Country's    Requirements    Last   Year
Exceeded   By   294,256,000
Of the total estimated wheat crop of
1022,. viz.', 399,786,400-bushels,' 98 per
cent, was reported by. crop correspondents'as" having proved bf merchantable" quality", the.proportion;representing 3S9,987',ob6\b"ushels. :' -Thecprries-"
.ponding:figures for 3921 were' 96 per
cent.', or-.'288,-316,000; bushels! 'out .of
360,858,1007- bushels. -This .'proportion
of' 98/per-cent.-for/ 1922.-was' higher'
-than -in-'aiiy previous year since these,
reports were instituted, in. 1909.'   -.   ~
It.- has been shown ."that-the merchantable'crop bf wheat, for 1922 was
389,987,000-bushels! Deducting from
this figure -11.994,000 bushels to reprc.
-sent-loss In cleaning (3 per cent." ot
.tofaj -crop'-o'f- .399,7^6,000),..and adding
16,013.600 bushels, the'-'final "'estimate
bf,the'-".carry over" from-last year and
estimating.250,000 bushels for imports,
we'get 394,256.000 bushels as the net
'quantity- available '-for- .distribution.'
/Placing domestic requirements (seed;
flour,-"carry over," etc.);at 100.million
bushels,/the.= Indicated exportable .'surplus, is 294,256,000-bu'sh'fls.-V W-'-
One    of    Next    Great    Developments,
Opinion of Experts
According 10 rI.o new and authoritative weekly wireless magazine,
Wireless Review and Science Weekly,
No. 1 of wliich was publshed recently, it i.s the opinion of leading wireless and scientific experts .hat 0110 of
the next great developments of wireless will be in the fascinating field of
In support of this view, and to encourage British inventors, Wireless
Review is offerng a prize of ��500 to
the British subject who invents apparatus which in the opinion of competent judges best, demonstrates the prac- i
tical possibilities of wireless television. For purposes of this important contest, wireless television is defined as:
"The visualizing of distant objects
wh|eh tannot otherwise be scon, the
images of which arc transmitted and
rendered visible through the' mea-
ium of ether waves: that is to say,
metallic or other Mtiflcial connections between transmitting and receiving stations must not be em
Writing on this aspect of wireless
science in the Wireless Review, Professor A. AI. Low, D.Se., who is acting as the paper's general engineering consultant, states:
"Taken all over lhe world there
must be thousands of people who are
experimenting with means whereby
actual vision can be transmitted by
radio- and it cannot be that this work
will all be without some definite product."
From this it can be seen that the
amazing possibility of seeing by-
means of wireless waves is by no
means an empty dream, but that we
may look forward with confidence to
the time when we may sit in comfort
in our homes and both hear and see
what is going on simultaneously many
miles away. *���
Medical Science
Greatest Menace
In the Striped Package |
{[northwest biscuit company its
Danger Of Dryr Sweeping/;
���".     .Sydenham, "Ont.���-."I took your .,,���-���     ��--;���-      - _,- ���--_..
njedicine. before my baby was boriifand I I,roees's is- Hi0t'e e,r��cient-
May. Ee Contracted
.-. VV 7 Germ Laden Dust V
. The /Department of Health; Canada,
in a- -pamphlet - entitled - '-'What You
Should Know' About Tuberculosis,"
makes a statement on which too. much
emphasis cannot be- placed. V 7 _ V "'_'
.'.-The /paragraph' reads,.', ".The -dry
.sweeping," of rooms should never.be allowed,-'as it raises "clouds of "dust,
���which may. contain germs' which "'are
thus breathed.drectly'-into.the;lungs..
Therefore' all broom sweeping should
be preceded by-.strewing .the. floor -with
da.m'p1 sawdust, .old. tea-leaves."or wet
���paper, ^""something/similar, .'and if it.
is'al all possible, vacuum;.sweeping or
cleaning should be used." ''-' 7 ..'-���:.
It. -is/well/; known- that all infection
gravitates to; the floor:--- Bacill of disease,; especially'tuberculosis, are'found"
In/large quanUties.in' dirt.' ''The .only
remedy;is'..cleanliness .and if- clean!!-.
/ness- can.vbe./achieved/dustiossly.'the
The (Jaha-
the-tinie'and would -.have' weak,- faint, Tr    ... , .        , .
epeils',/,. My nerves would bother me un-   H<?a.tn, thus -'takes' recognition ;= of rho
hidden, dangers which rise-for. the Kt-
XeV - -
VtJl �� could-get little' rest, night or day.
-I.was tplcl.by a friend' to. -take Lydia E.
VFinkharn's Vegetable'Compound,..-.and I
only took a few bo.ttles and.it-helped me
wonderfully: 1 would recommend it to.;lnat appliance of so mainy health and
7 any woman, ��� I am doing what I can-to i labor-saving purposes, the . electric
Srecommend this f?ood medkiiie. I will j clean-cr ��� It als6 realUes that ntft a���-
; :Jend that littie book-you sent me-to any 1. ,    - .
-oner can help!   Yoa can with thegreat-i homes a^.^ired and therefore in. h
England's  First   Printed  Book
Copy  of  First   Edition   Recently  Sold
For $29,000
A fortune .of many thousands of
pounds is represented by 19 books to
be sold from the library of the late
Earl of Carysfort.
One of these books has'been previously disposed of for J29.000. ' It
is a copy of the first edition of the
first book printed with moveable
metal types, known as the Mazarin
Bible. It was discovered in a monastery abroad, and was printed about
1455. .... ���        ��� ���.;.
Another rarity is the first dated book
printed in England. It was edited by
Caxton himself, and concludes: "Here
endeth "the book.named the ,dietes,or
sayengis.of the philosophers prynted
by me,William" Caxton.at Westmestre
the year .of our lord 1477." ' '. -.
. , A few of..; the rare, books from the
library, of the late Earl of'Caryfort are
to be offered for sale shortly at Soth'e:
by's. -They include/five Caxtons! ���_.'. -
7."There'.are-other 1are works of" Cax-
ton's", and also one of the most notabie
books/ in the/ English/ language���the
first of English sporting works, containing' the earliest known examples
of. color printing. This is the book
of St. Albans. ".,      ./
V More Going Than Coming
If the .value o'f settlers' effects going
to the.United States from Canada compared, with'w;ha"t is coming this" way is
an indication, more people are.going
than coming. VAccording to customs
-figures the. value', of; such/' effects exported -to the .States- in May7was $1.-.
038,000, -while:-1he -.value/ coming- this
way from the States' was -?501,00d_ -
Expfains Mis Speed :.-���-.,
Judge.���Why were you speeding?
'."Prisoner.���It."- was/'.like this,, your
honor... The next'town. ..was. ten miles
away and I only had ,enough gas In'"
the-tank to go three, so I put on full
���speed, so we. .could make. that seven
miles-.before the.gas gave out���Philadelphia/Bulletin... ���'.  7"   "..'"./'  -���;,-
Right,. Accord ing  to Webster
.Bell.--"I've been-trying "to think of
a.word.for two weeks."   . '..... ..
f  Bottom.^:"Il6w 'about   'fortnight.'"
Indian Artistry
Work  Suggests  Many   Distinctivi
signs  For Canadian   Products
Pressed by the stern necessities of
his struggle with nature, the Indian of
what is now the territory of the Dominion, did not advance far in the
art path. His-most truly artistic productions were the birch bark, the moccasin and the snowshoe^n the curves
and patterns of each he sometimes
showed wondrous sense of the beauty-
line, but his mode of life gave him no
opportunity to become either a painter
or a fashioner in clay or metal comparable with the Egyptian or. theffEtru-
scan; 'even the neolithic men --who
carved reindeer and aurochs on bone
were able to surpass by a measurable
distance anything thus far unearthed"
of the handiwork of thd*Canadian Indian.    >
Yet, especially by the Pacific shores,
he did develop a certain crude decorative art of his own, and Harlan II.
Smith, of, the Victoria Memorial Museum, has at much pains secured a fairly representative collection of his efforts. "In bulletin "No. 37, just issued
by the Department of Mines, we have
an album containing numerous illustrations wliich should suggest designs
for Canadian products that at the least
will be as distinctive and as peculiar
to Canada as anything could well be.
It Is unfortunate that much of the material in which the Indian works is of
perishable nature. For a true conception of his capabilities we should
study the work of living hands: <the
beadwork, the silkwork, the sunning
patterns worked in stained porcupine
quills, the delicious tone of the smoked moose skin, the wonderful contraptions made out of the bark of the
birch���none of these will exist for any
length of time. Only when the Indian happens to feel unusually ener-.
gtlc did he grave designs on stone or
carve some hard native wood into such
shape as translated his conceptions.
The present album gathers' together much that should be of interest to the artist, and of use to the
manufacturer, .though it merely confirms an'impression .that the Indian
never ��� reached any'-dizzy altitude in
the pure skies o& imagination."
Profession Directs Biggest Efforts to
Elimination of Cancer
Dr. William Mayo, _*vorld famous
..American surgeon, says that the great
fight of medical f-cience in thc future
would be to curb the ravages of cancer which, now that tuberculosis was
definitely checked, remains man's
greatest menace. He also hailed Dr.
F. S. Banting's discovery of the insulin treatment of diabetes as the
greatest post-war achievement bt
medicine, opening an entirely new
fiejd in medical endeavors.
"Now that we have got tuberculosis
under, control, the medical profession
is directing its biggest efforts to eliminate cancer," Dr. Mayo said. "Our
great task is to find the cause of this
disease for until we know it, we can
make little-progress in curing it, just
as we could make small headway stopping tuberculosis until Ave had discovered its origin.
About ten years ago America had
an extensive cancer " campaign to
arouse public co-operation, just as
England is having one-now, and ihe
result has shown the progress the
American society for the control
of cancer has been making. Already
surgery can eradicate cancer if discovered in its early stages. I am not
alarmed that more cases of" cancers
are recognized than 10 or 20 years ago.
Thanks to'the diminution of tuberculosis, pure milk'and other health advances medical science has added 11
or 12 years to the life of the average
man in the last 40 years.
"Cancer is largely a disease of old
age. Now, as more people grow old
there is more cancer."
" ��� There-is no'other, kind ..of disease
that cctres-on so ;quickiy. and with" so
little"' warning; as. an; attack- 6f;bow"eI
trouble.- -     ��� .'...-
.One-may retire'at. night, in the" best
of healthi and '..before-   morning 7. be
awakened by: terrific cramps and pains
t.ack whenever the broom is brought j jn the" stomach -followed' by ..diarrhoea,
into use.     It recommends the use ofi dysentry, summer complaint or. bowel
trouble'in one form- or ."another. .
At   this   season of the year, when
bowel troubles are ./so prevalent, we
.  0   .....   .,,  ,   .-.-.- ......-x ,--.|-.fpr.reducing the danger when sweop-
ga.\% Svdenham,-Ont��-:.<^.  :yx .-.v. ;.."���;.���' ��� ������=.;.- 77, --v.-.- "���'   ..7 ���   -
,'. ,   ,, ������ -   ���"   ��� "'-"  ���   ".-'-I ing with .the broom:.  ���'���.'������,....   -,
It-is rernarlrable how many cases nave ;;.  ,7'..:_-7-;. yy; ���---:,.-.-* 7 = .7-,- yy- ���.::������:,:.: .'���
been reported similar to this one. Many j -   '.'.������..'-'-/ ���������:':",. -\r'"-���yy~~~���"'���'"'X���- :'X"���'���};'
women, are poorly at such times and get-    ' . Not :HoWBirt Where ;'-WV
into a weakened, run-down condition, j   77 .\- /-.'���_.���-'.'.'���
���when it is essential to the'mother, aa | . A new.coHar button has been in-
well as the child,.that her. strength be
��� Iceptup. -"-   ...'   7 V/V --".".-, "���:'-.-��� "V-,;.-
/ Lydia E,. Pinkham's Vegetable Cxm-
pound is an /e.-rcelieni; tonic," for-the
mother at this time. It 13 prepared
from Medicinal roots and herbs, and does
��ot contain zzi? harmful drugs. It may be
"��laken.ltt eafef f by. the nursing mother.
y. -n.
vented - that/will; land-, right', side-up
when it falls:;.=��� However/'t he" problem
has heyer. .been/how-a. collar ,7 butt on
lands/ but- wtiere.^TNa.shville Banner.//
-;' 7The .'horse -;is/.a" noble'-: animal-^ek
cept ,when.: you back htin -to - win; arid j
/Light bf the Stars
It Takes Light,Four jlhd/a Half Years
7.    "to Come; From the Nearest
" W ,7 .W'Star-7'
If the light of all, the stars'were to
go out at once, it would be at least
four, years before we noticed any differences "in /their light.. "After that
time/these lights in tiie sky.would disappear one by one, according to their
distance from the earth. . No one living, today would see -the/last starlight
go out if all their, lights were extinguished at once",--You must remember.that it .takes,-lJght74'/2. years to
_cqme.:to us/fromthe/nearest-star.- We
say a .star Is so many "light years"
away, basing its distance on the time
it takes, light to reach iis. It takes
light 100,000 years and. more to reach
us .from some of the farther stars.
From some of.the.more distant stars
we.are just now receiving "the light
that - originally-. emanated from them
way back . in -. the stone- age���before
history. ���'It has taken it.-aft these
years to reach'us.;-'
World's Highest Waterfall
Falls in South India Three Times
Height of Niagara
Niagara Falls are generally looked
upon as tlie. most wonderful falls in
the world, and the popular impression
Is that they are also the highest in the
But, as a matter of fact, the Ger-
soppa Falls in the Western Ghats of
South India are, speaking roughly,
three times the height of Niagara
Falls, anil surpass .also the famous
(Sutherland Falls In New Zealand, the
great falls of Kaletur ih British
Guiana and the famous Victoria Falls
on the Zambesi River. They are on
the Sharavati River in the North Kan-
ava district of Bombay, and occur at
a point about twenty miles from the
river's mouth, where It plunges into a
narrow-gorge on its way,.to the Indian
dian Ocean. . ,_
The cliff over, which the Gersoppa
or Jog Falls leap is 830 ft. high. When
there is only a moderate, amount of
water in the river it Is broken into
four distinct falls, and the largest,
called the Rajah, has an unbroken
drop of over 500 ft. before it touches
a rock. Straight from an overhanging ledge it leaps into the chasm in
what may be called a gigantic spout,
so far from the precipice behind- it
that the sun shines in between and
the shadow of the water may be seen
on the rock at some distance to the
side of the "fall. The pool beneath
it is 132 ft. deep.
Bishop Carried. Widow's Basket.
." A' washerwoman," :&"- widow/was
"carrying home; a -. big. basketful ,qf
clothes at^Durh.im, Eng... Alderman
Alfred Paltison. a former Mayor, saw
the woman's 'strength was overtaxed,
and took one handle of the basket. ;
;...'A "/few moments' Jatte'r tliey mot-
Bishop:r.yi'elldcn/stroHfng. along, the
river's bank and he too offered to
help. . -So /Bishop and .Alderman,
each holding a/handle or the' basket
carried the clothes 7 to the- widow's
.home.a' quarter of-a "mile" away..
Still Draws Benefit /_
From Balaclava Fund
Non-Commissioned Officer of
- Brigade Is Ninety-Two
Only one noneommisisoned officer
of the "Noble Six Hundred" of the
famous charge, of the Light Brigade is
now living and he has "reached the ad-
yanced_age"_of 92..
- He is Edwin Hughes, troop sergeant-major of the 13th Hussars, and Is
the only person now receiving aid
from the Balaclava Fund which was
organized shortly after the Crimean
War to support the widows and
children, of the non-commisisoned
officers and to provide old ' age pensions for the officers.
Saving Civilization
New Textile Fibre Produced
Brazil has produced a new textile
fibre known as flbraso: . This fibre
has ; been 'known, to grow-in' certain
localities of Brazil for. years, but no
commercial; .use./was; proposed for
it until recently. The.fibre itself pos:
sesses considerable strength and-is of
fine quality.... It takes up sizing.ma-"
loriaJs. .-and/finishing chemicals; easily
...nd.dye's-'.wclI.V' -������-���.'7 ., _-.    , ' ��� . -. -���-,.
For   English-Speaking    Peoples,
Says Prime Minister ^~
The't Prime Minister was the principal guest at the annual dinner of
the Rhodes Scholarship Trust in Oxford.- In his speech he referred to
the danger which our hard-built civilisation runs of cracking, and said that
the whole world looked to the English-
speaking, peoples to save what was
left. Four qualities he finds are characteristic of England and America. A
respect for justice, a love of political
freedom, a sense of democracy which
values a man for himself and not for
his circumstances, and finally a spiritual freedom. 'These qualities, he considered, fitted us, and in "us" he included America, to mend the world.
Mr. Baldwin did not suggest that this
would be an easy task. Indeed, he
would scarcely have become^Prime
Minister if he thought so; he maintained only that if it could be deme ut
all, the English-speaking peoples must
do it.���From the London Spectator.
I ���-   ,
Using Odd Moments .
Great Things Can Be Accomplished By
Misers of Time'
Martin - Luther published nearly a
whole library of books. When asked
how he had time to translate the Bible
in addition to all of his other work,
he replied: "I do a little every day."
The 'famous   "Pilgrim's   Progress"
Taxation Threatens
Historic Mansions
Many Stately Homes In  England Are
Being Dismantled
It may not be generally recognized
outside Great Britain how seriously ^
the' great "show �� houses" of ^thc
country are threatened by tho
heavy burden of taxation. But the
plain fact is that they are in grave
danger of extinction. Almost every
day sees a fresh announcement of.
the dispersal of some great collec-
tin of art treasures which have been
accumulated by successive generations
of one family, and almost as frequent
are the notices to the effect that a
certain historic mansion is to be offered for sale by public auction, -..
The conditions which made tho
maintenance of these fine old houses
possible have passed away for ever,
and all over the country great mansions are standing tenantless, though
some of them are being converted
to other uses, and' others again are
being dismantled by housebreakers
and sold piecemeal, a fine old staircase going here, some exquisite pane!-,
ling there and an. historic ceiling
somewhere else.   - -.  , -
Crossed Jordan In  1812
War  With
Ontario   River  Figured   In
United States  7
Great Britain has ;elght Jordans including a river near Edinburgh,.a h!":l
was written by John Bunyan while he! in Dorsetshire, anid a sandbank oH the
was imprisoned in Bedford Jail. He
Improved minutes that might, have
wasted. . X' ���
Sir Walter Raleigh ,v&s another
miser of time. He spent' the years of
his imprisonment in the Tower of London by writing, "The History of the
World," a standard work for all time.
Dr._Burney, musical author, learned
the French and Italian languages
while travelling on horseback from
one music pupil to another.
Plants For Atlantic Liner
Ten thousand flowering plants and
ferns of various, kinds are required
every year for the.publlc rooms of the
liner Majestic. A heated greenhouse
is provided on the upper deck from
which renewals are drawn during a
voyage, and .a." trained gardener Is a
permanent member bf the ship's staff.
Lancashire coast, the other, five being
county  seats,  villages,    or ..suburbs^
The United States has a Jordan Riv-:
er ie Utah, emptying into the'Great
Salt Lake.    Canada also lias a" Jordan:
River ! emptying    into.. Lake Ontario
through a picturesque gorge,-between '
Hamilton   and   Niagara.   . Across; it.
the United States'forces raced"in the
war bf 1812 untilthelr over-confidence
resulted in a nasty defeat at  Stony.
Creek, where the Canadian little army
turned   in   a   night attack-ori their
pursuers. V -"     .' '.       Vv -���"..- ;���
/Stamps issued recently, by Austria
bear-the effigies of the following famous Austrian coriiposers: Haydn, .Mo-
.y.art, Beethoven, Schubert and Joliann
, Strauss.     -'./     -  7    ,���.'.-      :-      ;-'���
y~l fee. fails .to; show.
would advise the-precaution.of always
having on hand a bottle of- Dr. Fowler's Extract of Wild Strawberry so
that you will be ready for any\and^aH
emergencies; .. -_You .will' find-'that-.'"a
few-. ..doses' Vof/this/valuable./remedy";
.taken '��� promptly,7.wiH"; be. the means'of
.preventing ;��� a - great/ deal of.���.unnecessary suffering, "and. m?ny "a time save
-life.-'; v~- X-. '���' yy ". " .'���'' " ���
���V. Sirs.'W. H. Judd, 17.4- Catherine St.,
S��� Hamilton.-. Ont, writes;.���''Last
summer,.I''had..a/verjVbad" attack of.
summer complaint.. cramp and diarr-;
"hoeaV: -.."I.'tried many- different remed-:.
;ies, -bet they did^riot seem,to help me.
I. heard; of . Dr.:, Fowler's Extract or
���Wild Strawberry,, so... decided. I- would
'try it.M.'T..oriJ>7tcok a. few/doses,.and
-in a..short time iVvas/better." ���"'.���''��� -
,-. "VPric'VaOc abostle; put up"by The T.
���': - V.i_ burn /Cp".'.', Limited, ��� Toronto, Ont.;-'
'-���������-. Valuable Staff Discovered /
: Buried/in cement in a crevice iri the'
masonry of-the Yredensky Cathedral,,
Petrograd, ..Russia, has...been found'._ a
fteld-marslial's stair; Ijt is7-of.solid
gold, studded with 110 great.diamonds,
and emeralds. It is worth 'two million/dollars.- It has. been Identified as
a present Czar Alexander II. had made
jfor his brother jn 1878. 7 The chief
j priest, has been arrested ,py the Soviet-authorities ,oa. a. charge of having
/concealed' Inisitreasure -from '"the.-Gqv-.
i c-rnmerit.'-.',. '��� ;"' .: --'"X: X-,.-: XXXyiy :
..Subject to Stamp Tax"    ...
The.-. Customs;, and Excise Department annpuriiesthat,- effective August
1, IcttQrs and .postcards acknowledging, payments of ?10 and upwards/are
subject; to the, stamp fax on.receipts.
The.department has established -re'gu-
ki.tipiis by which business firms are
enabled."to, have .receipts .stamped, by
means'of a dic..
The grade of white pine  that sold
j to :. Canadian;, horrie builders��� seventy.
I years ago at, twelve.-dollar's .a thous--
and feet/ now sells' at- eighty "dollars." .7
" Birds are'as sensitive to,colors as
are human beings,. but fish respond
most. readily ; tp ; green and ;yel|pw
lights.,X':'-.-'   '.,--., X -.".".'/-���'���.-. ->"-'���' '-7;
Minard's Linirpentfo-" Dandruff.:
The trouble with so many people -is.
that they -pushf-in the wrong direction;
.Canadian Immigration increases ...
Substantial increases in/the.'.inimi-.
gration to Canada over last year's fig-,
ures are noted by the Department of
Immigration and" Colonization. For
the"-month "of' A.pril-7th'e increase !was-
44" per cent, over April, 1922, "and-fotv;.
'May,-'59 per cent. over, the previous
May/ ���;The principal increases are-in-
immigrants, from. Great. Britain, and"
Ireland, but there.are;also substantial
increases in iniiriigrai.ls.'from-a num--
ber of other, countries!. ; . , .'������'.
If. you desire to enter into .a-professlon you should'consider .wlint.'tlie now- flcM ot.
Veterinary Science. Jias'to offer..- .Gradistites have "splendid ;opportuiiUies for s��
successful/career.- .-- You should inquire. ,";'  ������,-y.X, -.   ~-; ,   ���*'.      '-   '������ ������:."..'-"��� '-,-
���'X'X     -Session Begins70ctoker 1st, .1923. :   '. ..-
'������    -Write.for' Bulletin" nnd. Ca'lewlar. to C.  D.-McGilVrayv'M.D.Y..'rrinclpal   '-'
.'Afniiated with '. - --       -
"University '"ol Toronto ���
GUELrrr, ont.
Undrr thR.;Cninri6
. D.cpt./ot Aei-icfiltUra"
'  vl
,.   if
c il
���-.?������ 7-t-St'I
TETE     LEDGE.:   GREENWOOD,     B.     0.
IiMpiry Sittings
For Manitoba Are
Saskatoon���At the request of coun i Exchange will be studied,   arid   it   i.s
sel for the Manitoba Government, the
sittings of the Royal Grain Inquiry
Commission in that province have
been indefinitely postponed and the
present schedule will terminate at Regina, August 2.
The decision is..the outcome of a
telegram received by 'Mr. Justice
Turgeon, Chairman of the Commission. The wire from Manitoba stated
that in all probability harvesting will
' commence in that province August 6
nnd with this in view it was requested that all. public hearings in Manitoba be postponed, until after the harvest.     -      ' W    ���"   . . "���
-7 .It is expected that after the hearing in; Vancouver which opens September 10, followed1'"by a sitting in
MediGine Hat, the members of the
commission will go to Fort William
to examine methods of operating terminals and to-study the mixing question. It is then proposed to hold sittings in Winnipeg, where the Grain
probable that country points in Manitoba will be visited about that time.
Sir Henry Thornton, President of
the Canadian National Railways, declined to be rushed into an offhand decision to announce reductions in
freight, rates for wheat on the trans-,
continental railway between Armstrong and Quebec and Montreal or in
ocean rates between Montreal and
Liverpool on Canadian' Government
Alerchant Marine boats, " questions
.yhicli were put to him by D'Arcy
Scott, counsel to the commission.
/'Sir Henry announced his sympathy
with any e'ffort to ameliorate the
transportation diHiculties of the farmers, but stated that he must be given
time-in whicli to consult his colleagues before making a decision on
such an important matter, and declared that this question must be studied,
since it was^one in which the finances
of the railway and the Interests of the
Dominion as a whole were involved.
North Battleford.���A'statement that
Jas.: Stewart, during the Wheat Board
.regime, paid four cents a bushel more
for No. 1 Northern wheat from public
terminal elevators, than for-the same
grade from private terminals, was offered at a sitting of the Royal Grain
Inquiry Commission here, as concrete
evidence that mixing of .-grain' results
in. the farmers getting less for their
wheat than it is worth, and that mixing results in depreciation bf Canadian hard wheat in the Liverpool mar-
./ket.- .   .//;/'.."
The statement was made, by C...C.
Davis,-M.P. foi- North Battleford, in
support of his contention that the
mixing of contract -grades should be
prohibited in private terminal elevators, and that a penalty should be" im
posed against any company adopting
the practice.
Representations for the removal of
the "arbitrary and unjustifiable -differential" of western freight rates for
wheat were niade by A. M. Panton,
Chairman of the' North Battleford
Board of Trade/and with this, he
coupled the suggestion that this city-
should be -made an inspection point,
so .that all cars could be graded before
being shipped either east or;west, permitting farmers to' receive cash for
their shipments immediately.-'
The action of. the Senate in turning
down C.N.R. branch line construction
programme was also referred to by
Mr.' Panton, who) declared that the
morale of the farmers in district-30 to
40 from a market point, had been
wrecked. /
South African Premier
Will Champion Peace
General Smuts Tells Congress of His
Pietermaritzburg, .Natal.���At the
opening of the South African party
congress here. Premier Smuts, of the
South African Union, referring to the
troubles in Europe, declared if Europe does not recover and those great
markets which are particularly English markets do not recover, a terrible
situation will arise for Great Britain
with its. population of thirty-five millions. General Smuts proceeded to
pay a remarkable tribute to Premier
Baldwin, adding: "He is a simple, sincere and straight' English gentleman
with no nonsense about him."
' He averred Ills' intention to fight
on behalf of South Africa a battle
for peace at the Imperial Conference.
; Canada Loses Population
'3,525 -Mechanics  Went;. From   Canada
*..-','      ;"..'. to.States :in -May/.    -V
7"6"ftawa.���FurtKer migration, of ��� skill-
. ed iabor to; the United; States-is. shown
by the/ United State's Department ot
- Immigration statistics received' here.
"X DuringrMay-3;52S skilled Canadian
' mechanics'-entered the. -United-States,
as compared ..witli7/36; 'skilled ^Ameti-
can-"mechanics .who came'' to Canada
In the, same: period.- - ��� .7
The   -total 7 number. ;pf ; Canadians
"who- migrated   Id   the United States
during.-"" May - was " 18;658,- ' of. whom
.7,723 wyere "women, 7 .'--;'.���    ".- .
'   -Skilled,   mc-chpnics".-' to 'the- number
of 2,331 came..to Canada; from Great
-Britain during the same month." ���
'/ "Australian--Boy Scout's'-.
Melbourne. 7��� She ^ Commonwealth
"Government is considering a proposal
to 7a"ssist. in pajing. the passages to
England of .300 Australian Boy Scouts
to"'enable'- them, to, visit the British
Empire>Exhibition>next year.   ..
Death Of Francisco Villa
Former Mexico Outlaw Meets Violent
..Chihuahua-r City, Mexico.���Official
telegrams confirm the death of Francisco Villa near Parral, and exonerate
his secretary, Miguel Trillo, of all
blame for his dea1^, early telegrams
having said Villa was killed by hie
According to the oflicial reports
Villa left Parrall accompanied by
Trillo, two guards and a chauffeur.
While going over the Cuana Juanito
bridge near Parral the party were assaulted from both sides by a number
of men. - ' ,
Villa and Trillo were killed at the
same instant, together with their
companions, the oflicial dispatch says.
Regina.���Survey- of property and
crop damage \p. Lumsden and Tuxford
districts, hit by tlie recent cyclone, in
dicates the loss will exceed a million
Eight people were injured, one seriously, in the tornado which cut a narrow and erratic path from wesij to
east, starting at Dodsland through the
Marquis and Tuxford districts into the
valley west of Lumsden, out of'the
valley south of Lumsden, on to the
Piapot Reserve, going as far east as
In the valley it was wind, .and wind
alone, which caused buildings to be
torn from their foundations and huge
trees and telephone poles snapped
asunder like matches. - But at Tuxford the wind was combined with a
terrific hailstorm.
Crop damage will be very heavy.
Rain, driven.by resistless wind, drove
crops into the ground at Lumsden.
Hail accomplished the same effect at
Tuxford and, in a lesser degree, at
New Offices For
High Commissioner
Canadian Government Secures . FThe
' ���    Building In Trafalgar Square
Lndon.���Oflicial announcement of
the securing of new" premises" for the
Canadian Government offices in London was made by Hon.-P. E. Larkin,
Canadian- High Commissioner.
The High Commissioner states the
Crown lease of the premises in Trafalgar Square on the west side belonging to the Union Club has been
purchased by the Dominion Government. This is the finest building ia
Trafalgar " Square, and the site is regarded as being unequalled in London.
Canada will not enter into occupation until next March.
Canadian Wheat Crop
Dominion     Officials     Deny      Making
Estimate   of   500,000,000   Bushels
For This Year
Otiawa.���Officials of the agricultural branch of thei-Dominlon Bureau of
Statistics, deny that estimates made
by them ever set the forthcoming Canadian wheat crop at 600,000,000
"According fo various communications' from the United States an&
Europe," reads the ��� bureau's statement, "there is an impression that
the bureau has estimated the wheat
crop at 500,000,000 bushels. The bureau desires it. to be known that up to
the present, no such estimate ha3
been published on the part of the Do-'
minion Government."
'Continuing, the statement points out
that.a yield of 500,000,000 bushels
figured upon the estimated acreage to
be harvested would mean an average
crop of 23 bushels to the acre, a record set in 1915, and never exceeded
since, The decennialaverage is 15%
bushels to the acre, and the latest
crop report of the bureau, issued on
July 11, forecasts a yield of live per
cent, above the decennial average.
That would rnean a total production
of 386,000,000' bushels.
On August 10, the bureau will issue a harvest forecast based on reports of crop correspondents at the
end of July.
H. Paul, Editor and Proprietor of The
Journal, Carstairs, Alberta.
Reviving Smuggling
Along' English Coast
Business   of   Hundred   Years   Ago   Is
., Again Profitable
London.���Cross-channel smuggling,
once a feature of the Napoleonic wars,
is reviving along the English coasts.
A depreciated . French exchange and
reduced coastguard forces have made
smuggling profitable again, and lonely-
stretches of the Kent and Sussex
coasts are, after a lapse of upwards
of a hundred years, again the scene
of nocturnal brandy-runnings.
, Up to this year the greatest trouble
of-the revenue protective oilicers was.
with. German ships, the slump in the
mark making it. well worth while for
a crew to smuggle raw spirits to the
Thames. " V ' '���
But since a German steward wa3
fined five million- marks in London
last January for smuggling brandy and
liquors there has been little of this
traflic carried'on.
Form Miniature Pool
Group   of   Southern   Alberta   Farmers
Will  Co-operate in   Marketing
Lethbridge. ��� Twenty-three Southern Alberta farmers, driven to desperation by slumping wheat prices, are
planning on forming their own wheat
pool. At a meeting in MacLeod they
took preliminary steps toward joining
the Pincher Creek Co-operative Association, which, in addition to handling
produce, has made money for its
members in centralized wheat selling,
even on a very small scale. The miniature pool will include farmers in the
Pincher Creek, Claresholm, Granum,
MacLeod and Glenwoodville districts.
The meeting was attended by half a
dozen members of the Provincial
Legislature, Hon. A. L. McPherson,
Speaker of thc Alberta House, being
in tlie chair. At the same meeting
the western grain rout to Vancouver
was endorsed.
France Has Large Crop
Will Harvest Enough Grain to Make
.   Import Unnecessary .
Paris.���For the first time in many
years France will not be obliged to import wheat after August, as its crop
of the grain harvesting, which is now
beginning, is much larger than was
expected. It is estimated by experts
that the harvest will yield from seven
and a half to eight million tons which,
with 100,000 tons, Algeria is anticipated Tto be able to send, will be sufficient
to meet all requirements.
This crop situation is expected to increase the value, of the franc, the depreciation of which is partly due to
Importation of wheat, the total since
last August amounting to one and a
half million tons.
��� Foot and Mouth Disease
London.���Two outbreaks of foot
and month disease among" cattle have
occurred in the past few days in;Bedfordshire. Restrictions'on the.movement of cattle from the affecte'd district have been ��� imposed. Over 30
store and feed cattle were destroyed
immediatelrthe authorities learned of
the cases.    .
anada And ��T. S.
Eifjprisals War
eing Predicted
London Has Large
. Supply Of Insulin
Medical Official Denies Report of
Exhorbitant Prices Charged
London.���Replying to the charges of
a newspaper correspondent, an oflicial
of the medical research council when
interviewed, stated thar. the council
was in a position, entirely to disprove
the charge that insulin, for the treatment of diabetes, was being sold at an
exorbitant price in England and was
not generally procurable.    ���     .    ~-
When insulin, which, was,discovered"
by Dr. F. G. Banting, of Toronto, was
first put on the market in' April last,
said the official, there "was oniy a limited supply and it was necessary to
place restrictions on its use.- The
_?Jk?_rJa��e. 4h_qwever}_-_was pronounced
only a short time.       ' -   '
There are now five firms in Great
Britain manufacturing -insulin -according to Toronto formula, and it-is procurable on- short notice at any druggist shop and most of the'London hospitals have supplies for people who
are unable to pay for it.-
Nt��w    York.���A'   "war   of trade, re freprisals between the two  countries.
' ���pi'jsa.!s>'...bt-lwecn;.C.anada and.the .Unit-
7*d 'States' is. predicted.,"' by/ ihe New
York World if the pulp wood embargo
' authorized by the Canadian ParJia,
ment is put into force. The World
d^clarvs the embargo would mean the
cloving of many United States mills
along ihe border, curtailment of other
mills and the transfer of "another big
fraction" of ihe.   paper   Industry    to
.Canada, as- well as "war-time prices"
for paper, and continues:
Retaliatory measures from this side
could begin with coal, oil, sulphur and
other necessary surplies for Canadian
mills and extend beyond. No one
would beehelped in the end. Both
sides would be hurt and ill-will engendered all around."
The World declares the situation
calls lor i ��consideration of the who!?
trade situation as between Canada
and the United States." "We have to
remember  that  the   Fordney-McCum-
'It would mean more than this. En-1 ber tariff hits Canada a hard blow and
foramen t of-the embargo would un- ' Is largely provoeative of Canada's
doubted!}*  ttart a new war of trade; present   action,"   it   a&serjs. '  '"Con-
V.   N.    U.    3482
j.---    -������    a&serjs.
��� j cessions are called for from onr side
jas'well as from their side." "  -
Britain Not Obliged
To Tell Naval Plans
Retained Full Freedom of Action
Regarding Singapore Base
London.���The proposed extra facill-.
ties at the British naval Sfase in Singa^
pore ��� were - not "made known to the
other nations at" the "Washington
armament conference, and there was
no reason why. they should have been,
questioners were told in the House of
Commons by Lieut.-Col. L. S. Amery,
First Lord of the Admiralty.
ft was clearly understood by all-
the delegates at Washington, he said,
that Great Britain was retaining full
freedom of action as regards Singa-.
pore, which had always been a naval,
and militarj station. The proposal
(or the ' Jjase were firs.t approved in
June, 192
England Wins McKinnon Cup
Bisley Camp.���England won the
McKinnon Challenge Cup' with a total
score, of 1,083; Scotland was second
with 1,043; Ireland third with 1,028;
Canada fourth with 1,025; and Wales.
fifth with 945.
Major Blair's rifle failed him in the
shoot at the second range and this ae-'
counts for Canada's low position.
Canada was in second place at the
900 yards.
Mennonites Coming West
Quebec.���Five hundred and sixty-
five Mennonites, men, women and children, bound for Rosthern,- Sask.,
where they will be established In a
colony of their own, landed here, from
the Empress of France. '   - '
Would Build Wireless
��       7 Station h England
Eastern Telegraph Company Has
_   Applied for License
London.���Replying to questions In
the House bf Commons, the postmaster-general, //Sir Laming,, Worthington Evans, said the Eastern. Telegraph Company had applied for a
license to build a high power station
in- England in connection with an
Empire" wireless chain. This company, said, the minister, has the same
chance of obtaining a license as the
Marconi Company,,so far/as the .Government is concerned. The question
of. .Wilding, corresponding stations in
India or the Dominions would be for
the Governments concerned to settle.
It was announced that a site of
S00.acres has been purchased by the
Post Office Department near Rugby
for a high power wireless station,
which will cost about ��50,000.    ;.
.Russia Cannot. Forecast Crop
Moscow.���Various estimates,, of, Rus-.
sia's possible grain "exports have appeared in the press, but the Government'department, charged with export
business ;is still extremely "uncertain
regarding figures, in fact could, issue
no official estimate whatever; -.        .
. Navy Expense Increases.
London.���Although the establishment of'the navy in 1923-24 consists of
only ,99,5.00/men, compared_with ,.15lV
5oo in 1913-14, thecost of pay has risen'from' 44,000,000'..pound's to 70,000,-
000.7VW'   .-- '-      \'W..,- x'X ' X-
Turks Content With      ^
Peace Treaty Terms
Not dangerous to National Interests,
Pasha Informed Government
" Constantinople.���The questions of
concessions of foreign companies and
the withdrawal of warships from the
straits, closed formally by the near
east conference at Lausanne, were settled in a manner not dangerous to the
national interests and without prejudice to the economic independence
of Turkey, the Turkish Government
announced that it had been informed
by Ismet Pasha. The Government
consequently authorized the head of
the delegation to sign the peace
treaty, ..__.���.
Moore Backs Lewis
Says Nova Scotia Miners Should Remain Loyal to Union
Ottawa.���"The" miners . or Nova
Scotia will do well to remain loyal to
their international union by -giving
their. full support. to the, new provisional president,- Silby Barrett, and
thus frustrate the .efforts of J. B. Mc-
Lachlan.and his colleagues to destroy
the solidarity of. their organization,"
Tom Moore, President of the Dominion Trades and Labor Congress, stated.'- The ili-advlsed strike has retarded the efforts made by organized labor
to have the militia- removed from,the
strike area."-'"  7  -   ';..-.".      ,-.'" ."  "'
'���"'/' Good Insurance Risks./
New ";York.���Aeroplane., travel," by
tourists'.4n-machine's of aerial transportation . companies-will; -no - longer
jeopardise insurance7policies in .case
of accident, the "Mutual Life Insurance
Company/of New.York has decided."-..'
Plead for Forest Rotation
Freslilent of the Canadian, S"a-7
tional -Railways, says:
"If any man wants. to add to
the burdens of the Canadian. National Railways, let "him start a
forest fire.
"The forest Is
a main pillar of
our freight business and tourist
traveU I appeal
to every Canadian: 'Protect
the Forests.' 7
President of the C.P.R., %
"A   living   forest   means   live
jobs.. . Dead   forests- nie'an ���dead
jobs.. No man of us has any "right
to  kill  a forest by  his careless
acts. ' A-ihliiute's
care may save "a
century of waitr
ins."   '
Can Do Nothing Ifow
About Branch Lines
Says Hon. Graham
v* Saskatoon.���A resolution calling
upon Premier Mackenzie King to authorize the expenditure necessary for
the construction of the proposed Canadian National branch lines was carried at a meeting of the Saskatchewan
Associated Boards of Trade Executive.
It says the money for the branch lines
should be taken out of the appropriation of $73,000,000 voted to the Canadian National by Parliament, or from
public funds.
Britain Recapturing Trade
Exports to Brazil Surpass American
First Time Since War
Rio de Janeiro.���American exports
to Brazil, according to figures published by the Federal Department of Commercial Statistics, were surpassed by
British shir.ments last year- for the5
first time since the beginning of the
world war. The total value of American exports'to this country* in 1922
was almost equal to that of the year
before hostilities began in Europe, but
less than bne^uarter of the total
reached in the high tide^ year of 1920.
The reasons for this tremendous
decrease in Brazilian imports of
American products, according to
opinions expressed by business representatives here, are the unfavorable
exchange rates on Brazilian money,
the relatively higher cost of doing
business confronting American exporters, and the gereral retrenchment in Brazil. u
Ottawa.���"The Government is helpless to do anything. Apart from the
Long Lake cutoff, which is really a
co-ordination of two lines and already
under contract, not a foot of branch
lines of the Canadian National Railways can be built this year."
This was the statement of Hon.
George P. Graham, 'Minister of Railways. He was referring to the resolutions being passed by public ^bodies
urging that something.be done and to
the numerous reports of settlers' plans
being utterly upset because, railway
facilities cannot be provider.
"The Government," added the Minister, "cannot spend money that Par-N
liament does not appropriate. The
Senate took the position ' that the
country cannot afford the money for
the projected lines. Our position is
that we cannot-afford to do without
them. They are essential to the
growth of the C.N.R. and the development of the country it serves.
The public owned system needs
branches the same as-'the C.P.R.
Th idea "being propagated that the
lines would run into a hundred million is sheer, nonsense.. The estimates were liberal, having regard to
the fact that of the thousand'miles
provided for, four hundred were already graded and in some cases ready
for the steel.
The Minister of Railways was not
able to indicate what plan will be
adopted next session, but made it
i clear that it is hopeless to expect anything this year. While some $73,-
000,000 is voted for betterment, these
do not contemplate construction, but
are in accumulation of', plans for
maintenance, terminal facilities and
a great variety of things. There is
no authority to divert "the expenditures,   all   of   which are held to be
Veterans Received By King
Delegates  to  Service   League  Confer-
. ence Introduced By Earl Haig^
London.���Delegates-to the biennial
conference of the British Empire Service League, were received by the
King at' Buckingham Palace. The
delegates represent all parts of the
Empire. They were. Introduced by
Field-Marshal Earl Haig, President of
the Leagued       > - .*
His Majesty spoke a few -words
to each of- the men present and.recalled memories of various outposts
of the Empire which he had visited.'
He thanked the League, for a loyal
message-which it had presented to
Aviator Has Hard Luck
Failed Second.Time to Cross Continent
*��� " Between Dawn and Dusk.
. Rock ' Springs, Wyoming.���Failure
marked the second attempt within 10
days.of Lieut/Russell Maughan, army
airman, to. span the North. American
continent between dawn , .and,./dusk
when an oil leak forced, him" to .land
here at 5.0S,p.m���: mountain time./"
He ..had .traversgd. more than , two-
thirds of;the United States,,a total of
1,925.miles,.and-he "was "hurling - to
wards his goal/at a.speed of/150 miles
an-hqur, .'after leaving-three of-hisfive
scheduled" stopping-points behind"him,"
in" his race with. the; sun when' he -was
compelled.to descend.   .
Army Officers
M Settle In B.C.
Captain. Silver/ and. Five \Ex-Officers
- Compose Party
Victoria.���The . liner Empress . of
Australia, docked.here.from, the Orient
with .700, passengers, many of ahem
prominent "business and, professional
m'en frp'iL. the. countries .of the far east,.
Among, those aboard-; was G. S.
Corbett, delegate-' "/from .the .Straits'
Settlement 'to/ the . Forestry ��� convention at Ottawa; Capt. H. E. Silver.and
party of five ex-officers of the Indian
army,, who will" settle in British-
Columbia,-'. ' ���'   -
urgently      necessary      for
operation of the system.
Trade Affected By
World Conditions
Reason    Given    By . British    Men    For
Business Decline
London.���Replying in the House of
Commons on the debate on the Board
of Trade, pointed out that Great Britain's export trade at the beginning of
1922 showed a deficit of 35-per cent..
compared with the pre-war volume.
By the beginning of 1923 the deficit
had dropped to 20 per cent,
Traders and others, however, now
almost unanimously said that orders
were not coming in owing to the general uncertainty due to the failure to
obtain world settlement The outlook
for British industry was nothing like
as good now as it was last "January.
Sir Philip stressed the vital necessity of getting stable conditions and
also the necessity for a steady and
bold, policy in developing imperial resources in the. dominions and colonies'. Economic necessities pointed to"
the need of bringing _raw material
from countries other than those to
which the British were debtors.
y.[. Racing-Sheets Imports
." ������ Ottawa.���Federal legislation passed
at tlie recent session of Parliament,
prohibiting the import Jntq Canada of,.,
racingVshee.ts/ is occupying the attention of..the'" customs1, department, it is
slated.-'' . It "was said .that' the department    had._ information    that' - such'
sheets were still'coming-into Canada
from''the - United States,- and  that a
statement.'would -   be/ forthcoming
shortly-'' 'V,  ���' . .:.- ���"."���"--."'
':_��� Ex-Captain of Maine Dead -.
New-'Vyor'k.���Rear1 Admiral- -Charies-
S'igsbee, U.s/n., retired; captain of the
ill-fated battleship Maine,' died suddenly.'July 19. ���_���.- He. was;52. yeai's old
-at the time of the. "blowing up of "the
Maine,"; a. captain,- a '.veteran ��� of-.-'the
civil, war.and .an-inventor of the deep
sea/exploring.'and- sounding apparatus.-
By   making   your   purchase'   from
your   horns'  merchant   you/are con-7.
tributing  direct, to* the".prosperity'-oi-
"the-community'in whicli yoii.iivc.- '7. ���'���
.eybf Britain
London,���Tiie question -of the bear-,
irig - of.honi'e food production on, ria-.
tional" defense will- .'come'.before' the.
Imperial -Conference in.-October, Lord,
Selbourne,' speaking- for - the' Govern;,
ment, stated in the House of Lords..'A-
member had suggested referring: the'
question to the committee on imperial
Lord Long referred ' to the large
purchases of wheat which Great Britain had made" ia Canada in recent.
years and suggested that a definite
arrangement, somewhat oh those
lines, would contribute largely'to a
solution. " -
,. "It    might    be    said,"' added Lord
Long, "if we. entered into an arran^e-
haye  never '.found ' among- the- rcpr.e-
-sentalives":qf the-dominions the slight:  "
est evidence of. any feeling" either, of "
jealousy or dissatisfaction^   .A'ssuzningf;
���it would be. easier toget'a large quan-'
ti'ty; of bur wheat/in.   Canada, /1 =' ani
quite,convinced,that nd other dornin- ���
ion,.would enter ;any ^'protest, i. 'Thy'
question/is whether we can-arrive,at
an arrangement, which -will give us a-
supply to prevent any-" possibility of'-
starvation/* - .    *- ,   ;
Lord "Long emphasized that the do- -:
minions    Were:   more.,-than readjJ 'to .,
meet- Great Britain half .-way.   Was. it*
not extraordinary, he' askedj that even,.
as the THouse was debating this..question,. Canada, was asking herself how ���:���-
ment with Canada to secure a large jo__\ "earth she was.'to dispose' ;of th*
part of her crop that we would give J bumper, crop/qf. wheat;.she- wasi going
offense to the other dominionB, but I [to .reap this; year?   .. ' ffHE   LEDGE,   GREENWOOD,   BRITISH   COLUMBIA.
Is ��2.00 a year strictly in advance, or
$2.50 when-not paid for three months 01
more have passed. To Great Britain and
the United States $2.50, always in advance.
Delinquent Co-Owner Notices $25.00
Coal and OU Notices     7.00
Betray Notices ...3.00
Cards of Thanks     1.00
Certificate of Improvement  12.50
(Where more than one claim appears ir notice, $5.00 for each additional claim.)
All other legal'advertising, 12 cents a
line first insertion, and 8 cents a line for
each subsequent insertion, nonpariel
Transcieut display advertising 50 cents
nn inch, each insertion.
Business locals i2j��c. a Hue each insertion.
The blue cross means that
your subscription is due, and
that the editor would be pleased
to have more money.
Onk smile of fortune ie better
than a dozen of her laughs.
Most of our joys as well as our
sorrows are due to ignorance.
You    can't    offend   a   homely
woman by telling her Bhe isn't.
Some authors originality  is due
to their skill in misquoting others.
Self-made men   nearly always
make a loud noise -when they talk.
Consider the fish: if be didn't
open his mouth he wouldn't get
We are a good deal happier be
cause of a lot ���of things yye don't
A>* honest man may have a clear
���conscience but he's apt to get lonesome,   -W,"'".' ;.���'.''.': V,.- - -." .'WW
7   You  are 7bright,; but:you can't
. tell how many; toes a cat has wifeh^.
put looking. ."':" -i '���}-'"-'��� 7���".-���;;--";���
.-:' A. than eeldom.has as big a bank
:account-as he wants his' acquaint-,
ances. to believe he has;   .
- .When. .the. .average.5 man 7 ha?
''reached-the age of 50-years hehae.
eaten.\28.  cattle" and   an  acre. of.
potatoes.-. -7.';.' ��� [-[X~:y\ ���[[ Xyy- -     ' 7
i Control of Importations
Victoria,   July . 25.��� If 7"-3ritieb'
L. Columbia'. ia..".to"-"-witness the com-
7 -plete enforcement;6f -the, Govern-,
.''inen.t Liquor Act, the Liquor  Con?
7 t.rol Board must. have, full control
;��� .'of "importations.--.-- :So. stated .r-Afetor--
,." uey.-General. Manson. recently,  in
'-��� replying 'to   a "criticisms, of- Con
.  servatiye Senators over  the.reject-
, edfamendmeht.to the.Canada Tem-
.... perance Act,.giving; the provinces
- ".the right*;to..".control  importations.
'���. HbnV Mr. Manson iaaintains that
-it i8 inconsistent, to  say;: at - least.,
for the' Senate ..of  Canada   to -bt'
; ,'possessed of powers of, vetoing.leg'--"
7 islaticin passed two years in. sticces
��� ,,sion. by'..the'. ..House: of. .Commons..
, Thisjwas the fate, of the legislation
;.; which "was ratified .by the Ccm
'"  .mons, giving" British: Columbia .lhc
'-'..sole- -right' to import 7 liquor." }\AV
the .situation";-" now.. '_ stands,-'   t V
V .Liquor .Control   Board- must: con--
.'��� ;"ti"njae tp'-'fighb  the bootlegger, ".who;
7 secures the bulk of his wares froni.
7 export, houses, either .in a direct 01
'7 indirect"way.- -'-'-Xy-y     "���''���
Meanwhile,; the- attorney-general
������---asserts the last has nob beeii heard
of the matter,' and the province
must continue to fight.for the legislation which will result .in- th<
elimination of all illicit dealing-it
spirituous; liquor..
The timber industry .'in:-British
Columbia has been placed: onVa
sound   basis and  largeiy: through
She activity of Hon. T. D. Pattullo.
minister of lards,  and  his foresi
branch officiate.    For tbe , first six
months   of   this   year the. timber
scale amounted   to   1,206,936,927
board feet, as compared with'078, ���
026,779 feet for tine first six months
: oM922.   ������ '.     ���   %.'
It  may; be  recalled   that  the
period of limber expansion  iii this
province   dates'. from    a   historic
TQeeting in Hon. Mr. Pattullo's
)ffice shortly after the war. As a
result pf that meeting the Associated Timber Exporters grew up,
*rid with the encouragement of the
government aud promised financial
hacking, the later proving unnecessary, large export orders were accepted and filled. Since that time
fehe advance in this industry has
been steady and rapid.
"Monte Cristo"
Another William Fox triumph
will be ..shown at the Greenwood
Theatre on Friday and Saturday,
July 27 and 28, when Alexandre
Dumas greatest "p\&y "Monte
Cristo" will be shown.
New York, Boston and Lop
Angeles hailed this super-production as a triumph of stirring dramatic action and beautiful scenic
Based on the moat famous masterpiece of romance aud adventure
in literature, neither pains, money
nor effort were spared to make it
historically correct, with an all-star
cast including John Gilbert, Estella
Taylor, Robert McKim, George
Seigmann, Spottiswoode Aitken,
Renee Adoree, Virginia Faire,
William V. Mong and scores of
Vancouver Exhibition
August 11. to 18
The Directors of tho Vancouver
Exhibition are delighted with the
prospects for a more successful and
larger Fair than ever before. With
lesB than a month to go everything
is fast rounding into shape and
entries are pouring in at a greater
rate than in former years. Space
for exhibits in the various buildings is being reserved at a great
rate. The large Manufacturers
Building is completely contracted
for to its full capacity. The In-
dustrial Building will be the centre
of numerous extremely interesting
exhibits, and the demand for space
iu.. this building is greater, than
euer before..
The service of the Bank of Montreal is as
wide and comprehensive as the postal
system itself.
This service enables customers living in remote
districts to transact their banking by mail as
satisfactorily as if they could make personal
Write for our folder,
"Banking by Mail."
Greenwood Branch:
J. McD. REID, Manager.
Established over 100 year*
Send Your
GEO. ARMSON, Grand Forks,
The 20th Century Shoe Repairer
All work and material guaranteed.   We
pay postage one way.   Terms Cash.
E. W. WIDDOWSOW, Assayer and
Chemist, Box biioS, Nelson,- B. C.
Charges:���Gold, Silver, Copper or" Lead
$1.25 ' each. Gold-Silver $1.75. Gold-
Silver with Copper or Lead $3.00. : Silver-Lead $2.00. Silver-Lead-Zinc $3.00.
Charges" for other metals, etc!, on application,
No one but the mfferer knows the terrible aeony
or tho itching nature of Pileii aud how hopeless
it scerai to try for relitf in ointments. Injections
and  dllstori.
Genius produces
Internal Pile Remedy
Pai. ia the' preaciiptlon of a well known physician
and lias prored luccesif ul - lit hundreds ��� of cases.
l'ax ia .Internal diitinct from any other treatment. ApplicatUni from the outside are futile.
No ointment!, Injections or dilators aro necessary. Fax It complete aud is a vegetable remedy,
contains no druga or alcohol. ���
If you hare not hitherto found relief do not
despair, place your faith in Pax.
Except in unusually stubborn cases one box ls
usually  sufficient.
Get""PAX" from yonr Drugclst or If lie cannot
supply you sertd One Dollar and "PAX''-will bo
sent you ln a plain package.
1015' Dominion Bulldingf
^0***+4**��*+��<>��� W.��*re
CANADIANS have.always been
noted for courage, optimism
and faith in.their country.
Cariada was not. built up By pessimists, nor will Canada continue to
;- develop if her people, allow them-.
V'selves to .becomeVcroakdrs  arid
' -grouchers.7 Canada 7V -7 - ��� ���-"'- .,������ .������ ���'
;   is.fundamentally.
]"-.air."' "agricultural
forfeeo, labor, interest and depreciation;
the net profit per pig.was still $4.63. .7
Profits from Sheep-
.As money-makers, sheep are.hard to
beat..   In every Province from * Prince.
Edward Island to British Columbia are
found many .flocks returning generous-
"Jprofits . to-.their owner's. - -    "���:. --���.     .;"
country. We have,
a/spil and 7 climate',
which can. grow.
..the. world's finest
agricultural' products.:
���"." Canadian farrn-
. er s -..w.h o; have-
earned, the capital
7 invested in their
farms out of profits
. in farming are
numbered in thousands." These successful farmers
have, paid off their;
riiortgages, stocked
.their barns and
stables, bought their
machinery, made a
7good living and
brought up thieir families. It7 meant hard
vork, but today they
are independent.'
Production Gosh
__Canada, is meeting with the
keenest competition in the marketing of her products.. _,To hold
her own and regain her place on
the world's market, she must reduce cost, of production.   7
The only way to do this is. to.
increase production per acre, per
cow or per other, unit. V
'" But improved quality, also, is
essential to meet market demands. . - -7
The quantity and the quality
of the products and ilie. cost bf
production in .competitive countries is beyond our control. 7
. Prices.ot agricultural products
are regulated by world supply
and demand
Hence, decreasing .-production
will not. help the Canadian
farmer. :'-y .'���'���'������
Poultry Pays)
Poultry   makes
.money for those.,wh6
-adopt modern methods, whether Eastror
West.   Little  Prince.
Edward Island, mark-.
ets .cb-bperatively in"
carlots, shipping- an-
.nually upwards of one
.million dozen  eggs.
r The British Columbia;
. Co-operative Poultry
Men's   Exchange
markets in. the some'
-way,,, thus   saving
. ruinous.glut in their
; local;market... -.
There is a market
for good Canadian
. horses, whether light
or. draught.
Grow Seed
Money, in Mixed Farming . ^^ ffiAtfel��5g8
Canada's tyorthera
grown seed possesses
extra vitality.  There
     is a large market for
'..--' it to the south. Canada exports.seed potatoes, but imports
other seeds.    She has. the. opportunity
,' . In - recent years, at different points
on the prairies, oats fed to steers have
7 brought.from 70c to $1.07 as against the
Port WillianT price of 42c per bushel,
while.: barley used for the same purpose ;
has brought as high as 99c as against the
Fort William price of 57c per. bushel.,
��� Fanners marketing their coarse grains
in this way lower marketing cost, have
.a euromarket and make money on their,
grain, while at the same time they market
their roughage, otherwise often, wasted.
The cattle embargo is now off. Steers
-'..are'..;worth more.money and certain to.
,makc7 good .money for the Canadian ^
"farmer from now on..      .    '"
Money in Pigs
The Dominion Experimental Farms
have proved by actual test that there
is a profit in feeding pigs. Last year at
the Central Farm, Ottawa, after paying
The Future
'���'- Ten yearsirom now the pessimists of.
today: will have been forgotten. Britain
. has removed the embargo against our
cattle. She wants our beef, and bacon,
our.cheese,;butter, eggs and apples, our;
wheat and flour.. As the population of
the -United' States increases, she will
compete less and less against us on the
British market. Eventually, she will
herself be ah importer of many other
food., stuffs 7 besides wheat., from this
���country., 7;V"'"- 'f---'���}���''":''X ���'.-, ,X.x - -v-'';-..y ���
���'-. 7 Canada" has the., men, the (climate, the
.land; the. stock and the potential -markets necessary for agricultural success.
Let. us farm with all the industry and
science we can muster. Let's get to work
and pay our debts. Canada is moving
forward with confidence in its future.
Let us keepi going ahead.
'��� -  ' Anthanzti for jrabliestlcit i*y the -
V .WW- V Dominion Depiartrnent. of Agriculture
,,W.E.MOTHEEWEiX,Minirter. 7-7 V   D^ J.H.eKISDAiB,Depatr2Ks_fct*r.
138 j
Five-sixth of the timbered area in B.C. belongs to
the People
Each year, it is increasingYin value as the more-
accessible timber is cut. v^
In 1922 there was reqeived from the sale of such
..   timber the sum of $620,000^
This helped to keep your taxes down, and to build
up the Province.1 *
Green Timber is British Columbia's assurance of
Perpetual Prosperity. y "    '
Burn It?
Summer Excursion Fares
To Eastern Destinations
On Sale Daily. May 15th to Sept7l 5
Return Limit Oct. 31   7
Winnipeg. ..
Hamilton .;..,
St.John   ......
St. Paul.......
Fort William
Niagara Falls
Ottawa ..........
Chicago ...;	
New York	
Boston ....������.:..
..]fl27.95   -
...j. 166.95.
^153-50 .
Many" Additional Destinations
7 Ask for Rates from and to any Point
7.. VTRoute  v;a .Port  Arthur   or- .via- Soo Line,,  .through
'Winnipeg or Portal, thence via Chicago or Sault  Ste. Marie
via Qre^t Lake's.;,7or yia California at additional fare; or good
to go.yia one.of the above routes, return-another... ..
v      J. S. jCARTER^ Dist. Pass. Agt.,
'';;'���- ""-;7';: Vy':xx-"V)x::; Nelson, B.CW
Mining &i Smelting ~ Co.
_, ,>ofXanadav Limited %   7-7   ; W ���:-
Oflice, Smelting and-Refining Department,-.-.. -.":'���.-.
- ''[-'y.TR&hX.BRITISH COLUMBIA. "V- X"'- );
Purchasers of Gold, Silver, Copper, Lead ancf Zinc Ores
-    Producers   of    Gold.' Silver, 7 Copper, ; Pig ': tead';" and Zinc
"i  ���":'������- ' ' .'.���'''  ".'"���' " ;"TADANAC;,'-"BRA.Nb- 'WW " '':���'''. '-
Tailored Clothes
Men's Suits and Overcoats
For Spring and Summer
Splendid Assortment of New
Samples Just Arrived
Call and see them
Tailor and Cleaner V
7.vSynbpsis of    ^
Lajid Act Amendments
Minitn'uin; price   of  first-class   land
reduced to 15 an acre;  second-class to .
$2.50 an acre.      ' ..���.
Pre-emption" now confined to surveyed lands only.
Records"Twill be granted covering
only land' suitable for agricultural
purposes and which is non-timber
laud.     '_      -" '      :.7
' Partnership pre-emptions abolished ���
but parties of not more than four may
arrange for adjacent pre-emptions
with joint residences, but each making
necessary improvements on respective
claims. , ���>.'���������
. Pre-emptors  _.must   occupy,   claims ���
for  five   years   and- must  make   im--
prov'ements to value of $10  per - acre,
including clearing and  cultivation of
at3 least    5   acres,    before   receiving
Crown "Grant.
Where pre-remptor in occupation  not-
less than 3 years," and  has made proportionate improvements, he-may-.be- '
cause of  ill-health,~or o'ther cause, be
granted intermediate certificate, of improvement and transfer his claim.
���Records without permanent residence
may be issued, provided applicant
makes improvement to extent of $300
per annum and records same each
year. Failure to make improvements
br record: same', will operate as forfeiture. Title cannot be obtained in
less than 5 years," and improvements of
$10.00 per acre, including 5 acres.cleared and cultivated, and residence of at
least 2 years are required.     ';   .  ^
Pre-eniptors-holding Crown Grant :
may record another pre-emption, if he
requires land in conjunction with his
farm, without actual occupation, pro-'
vided statutory improvements.. made
and residence maintained on. Crown
gra'nted land.
Unsurveyed areas hot exceeding 20
.acres, maybe leased as homesites; title
to be obtained after fulfilling residential and improvement conditions.
For grazing and industrial purposes
areas exceeding 640 acres may be
leased by one person or company.
Will, factory or industrial sites on
timber laud not-exceeding 40 acres
may be purchased; conditions include
payment of stuinpage.
Natural hay meadows inaccessible
by existing roads "may be purchased
conditional upon construction of a road
to them. Rebate of one-half of cost of
road, "not exceeding half of purchase
price, is made.
The scope of tliis Act is enlarged to
include all persons joining and serving
"with His Majesty's Forces. The time
in which the heirs or devisees of a deceased pre-emptor may apply for title
under this act is extended from oue
year from the deatlTof such person, as
formerly; until one year after' the. conclusion of the present -war. This privilege is made retroactive. -
No fees relating to pre-emptions are
due or payable by soldiers on pre-emp-
.tio'ns recorded after June 26,- 1918.
Taxes are remitted for five years.
Provisions for return of moneys accrued, due and been paid since August
4,1914, on account of payments, fees or
taxes 011 soldiers' -pre-emptions."
Interest on agreements to purchase
town or city lots held by members of
Allied Forces, or dependents, acquired
direct or indirect, remitted from 'enlistment to March 31st, 1920.
Provision made for insurance 'of
Crown Grants to sub-purchasers of :
Crown Lands, acquiring rights from
purchasers who failed to complete purchase, involving forfeiture, on fulfillment of conditions of purchase, interest
and taxes._ Where &ub-purcliasers do -
not claim whole of original parcel, purchase price due and taxes may> be distributed . proportionately .over whole
area. .'Applications must be made by
May 1," 1920,
Grazijig Act, 1919, for "systematic development of livestock industry provides for grazing districts and range
administration under Commissioner.
Annual grazing permits issued based
on numbers ranged; priority for established owners. Stock owners may form
Associations for range management.
Free, or partially free, Tpermits for
settlers, campers or travellers up to ten
head.    " - .
^'"(wT.he AMiiisral pfbyjn^^bf %estern-:-Canada
W VTO END 0F^ 1922
7. 7Hasi produced Minerals valued as-follo.ws:..:Placer Gold, 870,542,203; Lode
Gold, ��109,047,001; Silver, 859/814,260; Lead $51,810,891; Copper, $170,723,242;
;Zino.-.^824',625;8p3; Miseellaneous Minerals, 81.358,839; Coal and Coke, $238,-
289,005;rB'qilding.Stone, Brick, Cement; etc,���$36,605,942, making its Mineral
'/Pfoduqtjbn'to:^ " " ~    -
7 -'-_��� "  -   'ja -... '       ��� ������'. -.'- -," .'��� ,-"' ...���." ���' _��� '      '-' ��� -'      .-���'-
:   An74ggregatfr7Yalue ��� of 7$769,418,462
for ihe year Eging December, 1922, $35,158,
.;..W The;'"Mining .Laws of'.Shis Province are more liberal, and the fees lower,
cShari those of a;ny other Province in the Dominion, or any Colony in the  British
Empire. * ��� .
-    Mineral locations are granted to discoverers for nominal fees.
Absolute  Titles are   obtained   by developing snch properties, the security
of which is goaranteed-by Crown Grants. V   -
.Full information, together with Mining Reports and Maps, may be obtained
. gratis by addressing���-" -    .
x'VV-r ���;.:." VICTORIA, British Columbia!
' 1


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