BC Historical Newspapers

BC Historical Newspapers Logo

BC Historical Newspapers

Kootenay Mail Jun 29, 1895

Item Metadata


JSON: xkootmail-1.0181728.json
JSON-LD: xkootmail-1.0181728-ld.json
RDF/XML (Pretty): xkootmail-1.0181728-rdf.xml
RDF/JSON: xkootmail-1.0181728-rdf.json
Turtle: xkootmail-1.0181728-turtle.txt
N-Triples: xkootmail-1.0181728-rdf-ntriples.txt
Original Record: xkootmail-1.0181728-source.json
Full Text

Full Text

 -.'A'\\b*--  .'.-��������� vV'  FOR   MEN���������  , Finest Ca������lnnerc .Sscl:������  0 CO  Kxlra heavy wool do 0 jO  Best   quality  Shetland   wool  Underwear, per suit...' i 23  Finest nat. t\ ool   "         i 0(1  Braces, per pair, 30c and 40e.  :o:-  The English Trading Co.  . -^ i *  ilv*-*  u<y  ���������  \l^f   JUL  C. E.   SHAW,  1 i  Customs Broker,  REVELSTOKE.  Vol. 2.���������No. 12.  REVELSTOKE, WEST KOOTENAY; B.C., JUNE 29, 1895  $2.00 a Year,  Koctenay Lodge  *���������{������?*��������� 'No. 15 A.F. & A.M.  ���������l"k/J\."        ������������������"  'J he regular meeting  arc held in the Mas-  nnk-Tciiijile.Boui-ne'.'-*  ���������.Ifall,   on   lhe   third.  in   eaeli  i month   a I.   8   \>.   in.  Visiting   brethren  cordially u cluoiiK-cl.  i-.fin:wi!Y.  I. O. O. F.  Rctfiil.ir meet inirs are held  in Oddfellows' Hall every  Thumlay nittht at eij,'hl.  i/clook. VifiitiiiK hrotliurs  etmli.illy welenined.  STONE, Sr.e.  XLhe Ikootena^ fl&af I  MAIN HOUSE:  HELENA, MONT.  -or. Cm I.,1 i* i!07t" i.in St v.  >IVi i.  Incorporated.    ( '   ,, ,     i  .- 2O0-2i 2 First Avenue North, , ,  .,    . , branches:1       '  . CHICAGO, ILL.        VICTORIA, B.C.  KSTiIiirimSt.        , 30 Lans!i-y St.    ������  Loyal Orange Lodge No. 1C58.  Ke/jnl.-u- nicetiiij;-.  arc held-in  Iliu   Odd   Fellows''Hull  overy  ���������* Wedne-sday      eveniiiK   at,   ".:>(>  , li.in.    ' Viiitiii)*;     brethren   arc  cdidiallv hiviiud." '  Ei.iimi:,'-   o. ^iuicay,  W'.M. J See. Seoy.  Tub Dominion* parliament-has passed lhe Red Mountain railway charter  and the Trail Creek and Columbia  charier. Nothing" can now interfere  wilh the immediate construction,, or  the'se two roads for Rossland, one Jo  North port and the other to the Col-  uinbia at Trail, if the men who got  the charters mean business.  WINNIPEG, MAN.  ' .nsrriiiciij h.  The Confederation  ��������� A. McNEIL,  BARBER. SHOP AND BATE ROOM,  ,    .front Street, He vol stoke.    ;"  &  TORONTO.  Capital,and Assets Oveiv  $6,000,000.  Insurance at Risk' Over  ,$26,000,000  NO  CONDITIONS  "f"Before insuring* you should sec the  o Model Policy Contract     * "  issued by the above  Company. '���������  RESTRICTIONS  Full particulars on application to Agents :  ,  T. L. HAIG,   . J. D. BREEZE,  Agent   for Revelstoke.    t ', ,|    Oencral Agent for B.C., 'Vrum:ou\er.  Haircut, 25c;, Bath, 50c; Six Shaving?  '   ���������        " Tickels'for S1.00. j  ' ,   GUY-  BARBER,  ���������WATCHMAKER AND JEWELLER.  Repairing Neatly & Promptly Executed.  REVELSTOKE, B. C.  ,' Tin: Nelson Thibune . is. flattering  itself that it and its imitators have  "jumped on" Post Oflice .Inspector  Fletcher so mii'.-h and so often, that  they have'finally, made of him an  ofiicial worthy of being spoken well of.  .It is rather'our opinion tbat Inspector  Fletcher perforins his ofiicial duty  without any regard to'the  of the Tribune.  '^"JSJ'nS  rW/COWA  WHOLESALE, DEALER IN  <���������        ' ���������    '"*  ���������    .   l-'URNITURE,  Doors, Sashes & Blinds.  R. HOWSON, '."  REVELSTOKE.     '  COFFINS  CARRIED  IN  STOCK.  Av.r.sr I--OJ: -*:.\*Gi:a pi:wing .machixkp.  NAVIGATION.  1895  TIME   SCHEDULE"  WINES,' LIQUORS - -AND  CIGA'RS.  EEYBLSTOKE, IB _ O  Stockholm House.  ������������������JOHN STONE, Puoi-WK-roit.  The  Room js furnished with the best the  Market affords.  >T!IK OU>  KAVOIMTO  RTliAMKJt  ; (('apt. liobl,. .Siiiidcr.son) ;  WO.I, HUN* HHTWHllN  REVELSTOKE    and   NAKUSP  Tin: (jujestion is often asked   as   to  wliether the  bills ��������� of   tbe   Canadiaii',  blinks   are    good.     AVe    beh'e\e    that,  their bank, notes or paper currency are  perfectly soundj and the best thing   in  lhe Canadian banking   system.     Each  bank.is required to   deposit   five   per  cent, of its'average annual .circulation  wilh the Ministerof Finance at Ottawa,  upon wliich the government pays three  per cent, interest, the fund to'be  used  as a common one   for" the * redemption  of the notes of any failed    bank'-" and  this(>fundis to be replenished .011   July  1st of each year with   the   amount, of  the depletion   it   may   have   suffered  during lhe   year   preceding.    Tn   addition, the notes are made a .first, lein  upiin all the assets of a   bank   in   case  of failure', and are preferred before any  amounts that may be"dueeven in trust,  either to tho Dominion   or   any   Provincial Government,' which are second  in the order of preference: ���������   All these  preferences, being provided for,   an  ordinary depositor may have to   submit  to delay, awaiting the eventualities  uf ���������  general liquidation.   ,The st'ockholders  are liable to be called on to.an amount  equal to the par value of their   shares,  but the bank nok-s, being  on  all   asspts,  are   safer  deposited in the bank.  theory only,' and has never come to  the'ofiicial knowledge of our customs'  ollicer. We extract a sample paragraph :--  "They simply do notimportgoodsnt  Revelstoke, and have 110 nceil of a  warehouse. Bonded goods are not  dutiable. Roods, ��������� hut goods ' brought  through the United Slates from some  point in Canada. If the Canadian  Pacific- has nol got such a warehouse  at HevelslbUe, it is pretlygood evidence  that no bonded goods are brought to  Revelstoke. Revelstoke w.-isnot made  a w.-Liehoiising sub-port because of any  hardship.worked on ' its business men  through not having a custom-house,  a*-"the total collections amount to  barely enough to pay (he cuitom  odicers sahirv, and he only gets $-W() a  >:*-���������*���������-���������������������������"  The reason why Revelstoke has not,  imported good1-,, to any extent,   is  cause it had no facilities for  doing  until less than a year ago.  a port of entry,'   had    not  be-  so  It was not  a   bonded  a   first  lein  lhan   liione.v  Stopping 'at    I-.vuiJKAU,     Thomson's  Lanoinc: and  ilAu'cvox Jlor  Si'iONC.'s during the  Seitson of 1895.  Loaving Revelstoke Wednesday*- mid S.itur  '   day-,U 7 a.m.  Leaving Nakusp Jlondny-, mid 'J'liur-,d:i.vs- at  7. 11.111.  The above date-, are sulijoul lo elinnsfc witli-  0111 n in leu.  KOIJEI-T SANI1K11S0N.  THE BAR IS SUPPLIED. WITH THE .CHOICEST  -    A WINES, ��������� LIQUORS AND CIGARS.  THE CENTRAL  HOTEL  -     ABUAI1AMSON HROS., VHOPRiKroiia.  First-class Table  Telephone  ��������� Good Beds   ���������  Fire-proof Safe  ��������� 'Bus Meets all Trains.  EEVELST'OK'E,      IB.O.  The Steamer  li:avi:s  TOWN WHARF, REVELSTOKE, ���������  Wednesdays   and   Saturdays  at  9  a.m.  1        ���������foh���������  Hall's Landing. Lardeau, Halcyon and  Leon   Hot, Springs,. Nakusp and  ���������Pinrtdii   City.  Columbia & Koolenay _^_  Steam Navigation Ccuf  TH  :ku J--WTJI  AlilLUIAMSON   DUOS., Phopiiiktous.  Everything new and Rrsl=class in all Respects.  Tlie House is stocked with the Finest Wines and Cigars in the Market  TBOUT   L^ESZE   CITT,   33.0.  Mining & Real Estate Broker - Promoter.   MONKY TO   LOAN   REVELSTOKE,   EJ.O.  PASSt-INGERS FOR  Hall's Landing.  ���������     Hot Springs,  Nakusp",Three Forks  Nelson, and Siocan Points,  Kootenay Lake Points,  Trail  Creek,   Rossland,  NorthporL and* Spokane  ���������-SlJOULIl TAKK'TIIK ���������  STEAMER  LYTTON  Leaving Hi:vki.sioki; on  Movday and  Thursday Evenings at 7 p.m.  for local tiiiiu<:iiiil of't.lic (.'oiiijuiny'-. sLrain-  cr-i on lvofitcnay Liikc ajiplv to tlio'iHiiscron  board. ,  Kor full infonii-itioi! ;i5 lo liukel*-. latus, etc,  iijiply to T. Allan.   Sccrut.iry. N'i*]-.t-n.   JI.C.  ,   , Mii. John S.   Olute,   Inspector   of  Customs,   arrived    from    New "Westminster Tuesday   morning,   and    after  .spending   the   day    overlooking   .the  business of the local office,   went   west  again the same evening. * The  llevel-  stoke. customs office having   heen   detached from Nelson, and made   an   independent outport of   New   Westminster, the customs officer hero, I\Jr. T.L.  Haig.m-.ikes his reports directly to Mr.  -Clute, at New Westminster.    The  inspector intends to return'   next   week,  when arrangements will   be   made   to  provide a bonded  warehouse   for   the  ���������storage, in bond, of   imported   goods.,  A warehouse for this purpose has long  been     needed,     and  , the   increasing  necessity for it has at last been   recognized by the customs authorities,   and  marks the importance   of   Hevelstoke  as a center from which    to   distribute  goods to mining camps on the. Columbia, and near-by points on Lhe railway.  All who have this class of business to  transact, and especially the merchants,  are to be congratulated upon the    fact  that the. customs   depaitmont   of    the  government1 is giving them    the   facilities  accorded   to   tlie   most favored  localities.  warehouse,' was not a warehousing sub-  port, and did not even have a customs  officer of any degree. Why wo did nol  import-, was because ir. was marie im-  po'ss.ible for u-) to do it.) What we did  import went to swell the/receipts of  towns jikii'Oi favored by thegoverninent.  The editor' says : < " Bonded ; goods  are-not dutiable goods.".^We answer���������  IJoth i-e'e and dutiable goods from a  foreign country are received in bond.  Goods' passing through the United  States from one point in Canada to an-:  'Other, arc in bond, but, not dutiable ;  and'such goods coining to Revelstoke,  siiy'finm Torouto.ooiild nut he received  here unless there was a customs ollicer  to break the seal. Goods passing  through Canada from one' place in  the1 United States to another are also  'fin bond.!' '  ,        '        , '   .  The Canadinn Pacific has no ware  house at Revelstoke for bonded goods,  and has in consequence recently suffered an unusual detention of cars containing dutiable goods in bond. , Tn  answer to^he Tribune a last, fling that  the total.collections for , customs here  amount to barely-S-'iOO'per year, it is  sufficient to say'lhat'the 'receipts for  customs from the. middle of '.Slav to  the "middle of June, 1895, were $1070.  ROSSLAND .NOTES.  , Q      '  Colonel Bilker was in Ros-Oa nd recently. J������e .seemed surprised to find a Irve  ciunp in British Columbia.  The Columbia Mount sun road is now  ready for traffic, and it is expected that  ore will bo shipped from the North  Star in a few days.  XV. M. Newton, .1. P.. R. J. Bealey  and Robert Hunter liave \*vn 'tflecteci  members of the school board, and will  proceed to make arran'jji'iiients to  organize the district and erett a f-ehool  building. '  .  The IJutte has been bonded for $10,-  000.  Thi' fstAYTarv and *lie San ."Juan'have  been bonded to V. D. Williams for .$20,-  000. The, ore on these claims contains '  a lar^e'percentage of copper imd is of  a very dili'ereut character fiom that  of rite main belt, some, of it resembling  somewhat the ' O. Iv. rock. Town ,  property in Trail is increa������in<? rapidly  in value, and is in good dmii'and.  The mail arrangements, although  better than formerly, still leave, much-*  to be desired. Letters mailed at Rossland occasionally wander all over the  province'beforcgettingproperly started  on their journey. No one seems to be  responsible Tor this sort of thing.        ,  Charley Matbeson left yesterday- to  prospect the country to the west of  Spokane .Mountain.  Lawyer F. M.  AIcLi-o'd  of the   well ���������  known Forty-nine is in town.  The weather last week has been bad  for all of us. Prospeetcn-.s were driven  back to camp liy the -"snow on the  mountains, and the roads were very  deep.  ' The War Eagle Co. has declared an- .  olhei dividend of ten cents per share  being nt the rale ol* forty pei cent, per  "annum. War Eagle shares could have  been bought for ten cents ii piece a few-  weeks ago. '   '  The last block ol'* Le.Roi's   sold   the;  other day at/par.    Shares are now not   ,  to lie obtained.  Rossland, June 25.  -..*   ���������   ,A    8MELTRR,   SITE.  About a mile beyond -the railway  station, where,the C.P.R. track leaves  the rocky can;.on', and coming 'west  bears to the right*aiong' the base of.  the n|Ount.iin, ��������� is a level bench "or  plateau broad enough to become the  site of extensive smelting and refining  works.uf capacity sufficient tn accommodate the output of West Kootenay's  mines for,a \ei;y many years.   ���������  As regards the receiving of ore, it  is located on the main line of the C.P.  R. which connects with the Arrow  .Lake railway and the switch track to  the steamboat dock, as well as the  lIlpL-illewaot and other mines east and  west and Rig Rend at* the north. Iron  ore for fluxing can be delivered to it  from the Glen Iron mines near Kamloops, and coal and coke, either from  the east or. west. ' An immense sink  hole below and adjoining this* bench  of land, will receive ^aud absorb the  slag of an hundred Years run.  A Winter (Prospecting* .and Trapping  on Turn Turn and Adams Lakes.  MwumjLii:juaj>p. m  A. H. HOLDICH,  OK SWANK H A   AN i'������  WIG AN.  Analytical Chemist and Assayer,.  kmimk).assays nnnlo of all kinds of niinfipal^iwateiv milk, etc,  OCEAN STEAM  ROYAL MAIL LIN  SHIPS  ES.  CHEAPEST route to the OLD COUNTRY.  I-i-ripo-oil S.iilini;- fnun  MumUtiiI.  ALLAN   I.IX1'  P-Wil-'lAV   Movisoi.ian   Nl'.MililVN             .-���������\I*I>IM \.N                ,.   .   linn*  .liiii'-   Itilv  .. .liilv  i,>  :ii   '  it  1:1  Iifl.MINKiN   l,[>.  V ivi <)'-\ lit             ....  ,  OltCOON"   Mauii'Ik,*  I.aiiic moi:                   .  .i uiii*   Inly  .. .Inly   I uly  '.'!)  1  ll  ���������.'fi  lBOJS!US    FOR' SilliLTlKG.     '  Ottawa, June21.--lion. JMr. Foster  gave notice of a motion to pay $'10,000  ii year for live years for aid to silver  lead smelting in British' Columbia nl  the rate of Kl'teeii cents per Ion on tbe  ore smelted. This is the outcome of  the British Columbia members' lopro-  sentations last, week.  , The above paragraph from the.  special despatches from Ottawa gives  the answer of (he. government 'to the  proposal of the Kansas City Smelting  and Refining Co., suppoiled by all the  members of Parliament, from British  Columbia, do establish a great smeller  iu West Kootenay "if a small bounty  is given on ore .treated.". If if, is n  small bounty that will satisfy the  Knielt ing Co., this ono of In cents per  ton should do it. Tt seems very small,  however, as compared with the bonus  of ���������>'{ per ton���������$2 from the Dominion  and $1 fiom the province���������now given  to the producers of pig iron in Ontario.  OTHKlt   ADVANTAGES.  ,Tn addition tiKthc   ample  site,  the  ore  for  I  1 fiilr'n ������fi. ������*.Vl. Jill. .v7ll. ? Iliiinl ii|iui\rils.  . I III r! III.A\���������\.,; S-M;  SI UIU'IIKI! S-'O.  j. . .Pas.-*oiii;-/iv!  ti<*l*i'l.<'i!   UiniiiKli   to all   purls of  j r.niiit- Hrit.'iiu ������.nil lmliiiu'l. mxl at, spccinlly low  j niti'M Io all ports <if tin; Kiiropiiiin coiit.iiiiiiil'.  I      Ajiply I'Mifiirf-*! fO.������iiii>liiptii*ra.ihvii;, .'tgciil.to  j.', I. T. nF-nv/STER.. Agent, Itovclstokc.  if or lo llKuiiicr  l*ri:i*K, ('.fin.   pji.s.<(iiijjf!r Aifcnl,  r .yriiiiiiju'jf.      ��������� ���������. x .  The icport found iu the JVJanitoba  Fri'c, Pri>nK receiviid since the above  was copied from the Colonist, gives a  di/lerent version' of the. action of the  Kimince   Minister.     Itsa\s: ,  l^oster tfives notice of a n'solul.ioii :  "That il. is expedient, to provide for the  payment of a siuii not to exi ������ed I  $1.")(),000 in five years to encourage j  silver and ie.ail Miiell,ing in (iauada, the !  payment lur eaeli Ion of ore .smelted I  not to exceed lil'l v eonls." I  unusual facilities for receiving  supplies, and the dumping .ground  .slag,the Illeeillewaet liver will furnish  a magnificent water, power for all  purposes to which power can be directly applied in the smelting and refining  of ores, or, through' the agency of  electrical power, manufactured by  dynamo and conducted by cable to the  place" where used. The -volume of  water is large and permanent,, and an  unequalled power can be secured of  any desired fall. From the Clacier,  whero the river starts, to Revelstoke,  a distance of,M miles, the fall is 2(!17  ft-ct, just seven feet more than half a  mile, and for Lhe entire distance it is  continuously and abruptly downward.  The uses to which this immense power  can be applied nre unlimited. Tl could  he transmitted by cable lo all parts of  the town for manufacturing,for supplying it with electric lights, for running  its cars by electricity; iu fact for any  and all purposes for which power could  be used.  "Without any doubt the Illeeillewaet  river is the most, reliable, as well as the  most available source of water supply  for Kcw'lstoko. It has its origin  among the glaciers at the summit, of  the Selkirk's, and being added to on  its way down by other glaciers, natural  fountains and turbulent mountain  I streams, its volume can be counted on  I as always sure. Its purity cannot be  1 micMiinucd.      Heleascd     from    its    im-  ���������I"  irisdimieiil' of' cent uric.*-, upon these  j mount.lin peaks, the glacial water  j drops in a sharp fall .i.OI-'O lo o.OOO  I feet and tumblini; over boi"ildei>s, dashing against rucks, leaping down  i precipices.Iurning all of its many sides  - * ��������� ' and surfaces to the pure air and   pene-  The chronic animosity of the. Nelson ' tratinsr sunlight,   it    beeon-ie-1    -vrated  Trib.it.W- towards Uevelstoke seems1   to j und purified of all 'possible' deleterious  never'.ingredients. The smelter, ���������securing  in ' its .' the right to the water of the lllecille-  last.issue. - Revelstoke ,is not a ware-'s wnetrive.r, would hold the-key of the  housing sub-port,' as stated liy tihe! town foi-all tlie purposes 'to which  'Tribnun, or, if so, it, is On paper'or-   in j wither and 'power could be /Jo.voted.  CUSTOMK    AFFAIRK    ACA 1N.  IkvoiiIIh! increase,  as    it    was  inure phi inly'manifested    than  Charles Bollard and A. R. .Murray,  who own the Last Chance mining  claim on Sable Greek in -the Lai'dean  district, conceived the idea, of making  a trip into Adams Lake, from Shu.-'wap,  thence ivp the lake and through Adams  River into Turn Turn Lake, and on  through that lake and up Tuni Tuni  River 'to its headwaters in the Gold  Range, crossing which thev would find  the sources of Jordan Creek aud follow  it down to the. Columbia ������ few ��������� miles  abov.e Gold Stream, expecting>t-o reach  Big Bend before snow fell sufficiently  to interfere with their plans. Tlieir  principal object was to prospect for  gold, in placer ai.d hydraulic diggings,  on Adams ancl Turn Turn Lakes ami  rivers, but fortunately they took a  trapping outfit aud supplies for nine  months.  They left Revelstoke about tbe first  of September, and took horses from  Shuswrin, following the outlet of  Adams Lake about 10 miles to Mie lake.  Making there a canoe or.dugout, they  proceeded up-the lake which is about  50 miles long. Adams Lake is very  much like -the Arrow Lakes���������2 to -t  miles wide, apparently a widening out  of the river of which it forms,.part. It  is a beautiful sheet of water containing  an abundance of fish. Galena float  was found in several places and quite  narrow veins of .the mineral, but no  colors of gold iu the creeks of miy  value.    ,  Snow fell several weeks earlier than  expected, and they did not. think ifc  prudent to undertake to cross tbe Gold  Range before winter should set in.  They therefore made their trapping  and'wiutei camp at the upper end of  Adams Lake.* Early in May, they  sta.rted up the river for Tuin Turn  lake, 70 to ,SO miles distant, and had  good water for 30 miles, then a portage  of 12 miles, where they ��������� built a new  canoe, then good water four miles, but  portaged the balanee.of the river,about  2"} 'miles, to the lake. Adams river,  connecting AdainsandTiun Tuni lakes,  is a mile and one-half wide,' and rushes ���������  through the canyons with turbulent  velocity. ���������  There was a snowfall of '.1 feet on  Adams lake and 1 feet on the Tuni  Tuni which is 2o miles long, and as  nearly two feet of this < remained on  the 9th of May, they did nod think best  to try crossing the Gold Range, although the Indians reported that fiom  the headwaters, ofi.be Turn Tuni rivet1,  near (.he summit, of .the mountains, it  is but 27 fo HO miles to the Columbia  near Big Bend. Besides they were  gel ting very short of rations, having  only tea anil flour, und lii tie of these.  They turned back on .Juno lo.and were  about one week iu getting down to  Khuswap, safely mid quickly running  iu Iheir canoe some of the long canyons  iu Adams river. They sold their furs  .for about $800 to James Ross of Khns-  wap.  '1 hey .found a vein of galena ore, 20  inches wide, on a stieani putting into  Turn Turn .hike frum the direction of  Seymour pass, but it is two far away  for profitable woiking. No colors were  found on Tuni Tuni lake nr river���������it is  a granite formation���������but theie is good  quartz on the south end and west side  nf Adams lake, where is located (he  I loinc-,take mine.  Thei i! is no good l.ind on Adams lake,  but no the Trim Tuni -.Mr. Billiard  cslimjiied th'-i u were ahont 5000 acres  good black soil���������liwd acres in one liody  anil 100 in {-mother, heaver meadows.  A trer: wji-. found In-aring the following names and date: "S. ] lodge, J.  ("limes, Lareau.-  July Kith, lKd*>."  Messr.-. liullaid and .Murray left on  the Marion W'edne.-day morning fur  the Lardeau.  O  The Sir. Lyltoii brought -j.p viii its  fir-t. I rip this week (H) tnusv-f Pilot. Bay  or " I (endryx "' bullion.,-and on Thursday 20 tons. It also* luid in cargo.on  Thursday, two caj-imads, about 'ii tons,  of Silver Kingw'Toad Mountain ore.  The bullion was-oi-nisigurd nsii-iiwl; to  A un >ra, III .A nit .the i ire goes t-o Newark,  N.J., ''���������' .���������..'"���������' AA ' 2  TIIE   KOOTENAY   MAIL.  A NOBLE. SACRIFICE,  CHAPTER VI.-  "\Yhethcr it be true or not that, as  Shakesr-.-di-e"says, " there's a divinity  that sh.ipi.-s our ends, rough-hew them  as wis may," -whether it weie the ivsult  of chance or destiny, in the lorging of  the link between Kachel and IU-my,  other ijcrsons almost immudi.uely played their part. '   ,  Tlach-M's walk lay occasionally westward-way through the' Sti.ind to "Westminster Abbey. On the very day lol-  loiviiigr   her   visit   to   Joseph's   mother,  " che, accompanied by her faithful Pom-  pey, was pass-ims Somerset House when  she was suddenly fascinated, us it  w'eie, by a Injure within a lew yards  of her. It was the figures of what is  commonly    known    as    a " sandwich-  , j-nau," one who bears upon his sliuul-  dtrs a board in front and a board at  Ills back, which serve as an advertisement for some special attraction. This  figure, at the moment of its presentment, was, in na,c*hers eyes the oddest  of figures. The man was old, and of  r medium height, but, with his thin  face and Ills head sunk into his shoulders, lie appeared to be older than he  really was. , The two sandwich-boards  coming1 close up to his chin and to the  back <:f hip neck, gave him the appear-  ���������ouee of being not only imprisoned, but  absolutely flattened, by an absurdiy-  sbaped nnd cgrcgiously fitting stiif)cravat ; and' hi*-* hat was pressed so low  down over his l'ore-head as almost to  cover his eyes. So that, what with  the concealment below and the concealment above, all' that could really be  said to bo distinctly visible in his face  was the tip of his nose ; but it was  the point nnd character furnished by  the  ]offend    on    the    sandwich-boards  ..which imparted its odd distinctiveness  to the  figure    This legend  consisted  -of three .words :  proceeding from Henry Wyati's pupils.  " Do you think you are strong  enough to walk there/masked Rachel,  " if I come with you 1"  " 1 will try," murmured the old man.  , "You can't*leave these things here,"  said the policeman, pointing to the  boards on the ground.  " I'll" take them back," said the woman who had spoken in favor of the old  man ; and then he, clinging to Rachel's  aim, walked with her eastward. (  They had not walked far belore Rachel discovered lhat the, old man's  strength was giving out. lie paused  and said :  " You have been very good to me ; I  dent" know how to thank you. You  must have matters of your own to attend to. 1 cannot think of imposing  upon you any longer."  "Nay, ">ou are not imposing upon  me," said Rachel ; " I shall be glad to  assist j ou. I am young and strong.  Indc-ed, I shall not leave you until I see  you safely home, unless you order nie  away. 1 see that you are too tired  to  walk.      We  will  ride."  "I cannot allow it���������indeed, indeed, I  cannot !"  said  the old  man.  Hut Rachel was not to be resisted.  She called a cab, and, assisting the  old man In, told the cabman to' drive  to Ros-emaiy Court, Spitalfields. Pom-  pey trotted on by the-side of the cab,  keeping- a sharp eye' on the driver,  lids the privilege of old age to be gar-. man       "You say you have seen him?1  TIIE POOR GENTLKIAN   j  I  It mlgdit have been supposed by persons im I a miliar with London sights  that the man, in carrying this legend  writ in great letters in fiont and at  the back of him, desired to advertise  himself and his condition. For, as he  shuffled along, shrinking physically and  mentally Irom the shame and degradation of his burden', no more pregnant  ��������� figure of a poor, gentleman couici possibly be  imagined.  The time was 8 o'clock in the afternoon ; and whether it were that the  man was hungry, or that his task was  beyond his^strength, at the moment of  Rachel's coming up to him he staggor-  ���������ed, strove lo catch hold of the lamppost for support, failed to 'reach it,  and fell to tho ground. Odd as was  the'figure *n hen it stood upon its feet,  it became much odder when it lay  prone upon the stones ; .for, then its  head, in turtle fashion, shrank entirely  inward, became quite hidden hy, the  sandwieh-boaids, lhe man had borne  upon his shoulders.  A crowd Instantly gathered around  tlie prostrate form, and comments were  freely and loudly,made. These comments -forme.1 a familiar verdict commonly Gj-jouah passed with alacrity by  suuh-like London crowd's, which, as pi  rule, are not loo mercifully disposed,  in.iny of the units amnnr**"ihc-m .judgin*?  others, maybe, by their own standard.  The vei (''ict nf Hie comments was that  the man was drunk.  ''" Ho ought to be ashamed of himself,"   said  on".  '��������� He's   old  enough   to  know  better,"  said another.  "Foity  shillings,   or  a month,"  said  another. t    .  Rachel did  not know what to think.  Her' first'  feeVng  was one  of  cnmn.is-  sion :   but these    remarks   .bewildered  ��������� bcr.  " MoVc on, there���������move on !" cried n  pn]iceman. And then. ho. tn<i, looked  down mum the prostrate form as if  in the magic of his g.'ixe there was ari  elixir ���������������������������uilieleiiUy poicnt to instantun-^-  ously ir.fusp vlsjor .-.nd life Into the ir;- \ -*-iov-> ,!o  cnimat.-* body. Such, however, not be- lo male,  ire the case, the policeman, after vnine  d-"Iibev.i i ion, stooped to r.iiM* th,-> old  man ; but (his w.,s nol easily -leeom-  p'l-hed. hi'titusc of the boards in which  h"   was   imprisoned.  "Lift   the   top   one   over   his   It ad,"  rulotis,   but   Rachel's   companion   was  too   weak  and   faint   to   exercise   this  privilege.      His  words   were  few,  but  they were 'sufficient.      .And their mode  of  expression  was  sucli   as   to  assure  Rachel   that  he  was,  if not by  birth,  at least by instinct and self-culture, a  gentleman ; and as she gazed at him  she became gradually impressed  by a  curious likeness in his face to the face  of the  young gentleman  she had  met  In the room of Joseph's mother.    She  hazarded a guess.        <>  " You do not live alone ?"  '"No," was the reply.  " Your son lives with you ?"  "Yes.','  " Have you any other family ?"  " No.      My dear son is the only tie  I have in the world.'"  " Is he the gentleman who, teaches  poor children for nothing ?"  ' " You know him ?" exclaimed the old  man, in a grateful voice' It was inexpressibly sweet to him to hear his  son spoken of as a gentleman.  " I  have  seen  him  only  once,"   said  Rachel;   "but I  have  heard  much  of  him.      Is it t^ue, then ?" "  " Yes,; it is true."  Rachel thought how noble It was of  this young man���������whoso father sought  to earn a few pence by means of one  of the lowest of human occupations���������  to devote himself gratuitously to the  education of-ij'oor children, and to the  opening up to them of a higher field  of labor than was afforded by the opportunities of their birth.  " You have been in , better circumstances"?" sho <-aul,  gently.  "Yes." said the old man; "I had  once money, lands and an honored  name. There was a time when 1 was  respected." , ���������  " Ton and your son arc more than  respected," salt Rachel ; "you are loved ; and I am truly glad that'it has  falien to me to do you a service, trilling  as u i������ "  If further assurance wore needed  that her surmise-as to the identity of  Homy "\V>.itfs father was, coirect, sue  received it pi������se:Uly when th-y alighted from the,cab, and slip ass-iMed the  old man to th" top iloor of tlie house  in which h3 resided. >b*r lirst care  was to sec- that lus wants were provided r''������r. She blisj.^1 about tlip room  as though she had hers >1������ lived in it  for Miii>. She .-.ii.'. to trie old mar. :  " You \\-ill not mi"*! my taking oft* r y  bonnet ard mr>i,:le ; I' car, get ale;,-;  so much better wimaut men..." Ar. 1  w!,.it Is .more, pr*'-.- did not wait izv  P'-".-mi=Mon, but ".pur." IMtc-ly dive"5f.-  h-tsilf o:' thorn, ar.J, knelt, h-lcr-z :*".*���������. i  ���������cir.iile a fir'-. " I sV-U'-i i:k \  JO': a cup' ..r" tr-a. ' *-*���������.-- oZ."-i ��������� j  "t *,t. pure ,t wo',1 ", i.o >-���������}���������: -^'-oJ.*' j  '  Tr-^ye is sum-1 in th- -_u" P"--:"V* ~~* - J  til'-' C'l  *mr***-*, \\-r,t*-*rI*-,-ir :���������   -  :-v-ii>vir*ici-i*s-  With wmT-T r " i adm.r;. .-<?���������. t  r.-irh-1   hvl   ���������='-! n   tin   eu;���������*'. -j,':r'3    !:  v, "..th  r-i.i-'  -"Iliposed  '.?.._��������� '..''.   Vf.', irvpt,  " Mik-li loved," replied Rachel, " and  deservedly."  " Deservedly, indeed," said the old  man. "lie hasn't a thought'for himself, but thinks only 'of others. The  lads who come here would die for him."  " So that, you see," said Rachel,  " there Is a sweet brightness in your  life."  "True, true," said the old^man, "and  after all, perhaps, better times will  come."  "���������Better tim~es will be sure to come,"  said Rachel, with a cheerful smile.  " You feel stronger, do you not 1"  " Much stronger, very much stronger."  ' "Then I will go." said Rachel, rising  and putting on her bonifet and mantle.  " I have some things to attend to which  must not be .neglected. May I visit  you again ?"  " How can 1 hope it ?" exclaimed the  old man, looking mournfully around at  the humble apartment. " It is scarcely  fit for a lady such as you to enter a  room like this."  " "Why not ?" said Rachel, sweetly.  "Am 1 really so much out of place  here ? It doesn't appear to me so.  I shall esteem it a privilege if you will  allow me."  " It is an honor I shall never forget,"  said the old man.  " So, then, it is settled," said Rachel,  " and  now, goad-by."  Sho held out her hand, and he took  It in his and bowed over it ; but he  did not,immediately relinquish it.  "There is��������� something," he said. "I  had almost  forgotten."  "Well," sh? said, "tell me now."  ",It is  about  my son,"  said  the  old  " Yes,   once,   and   hope   to   see   him  again."    ,  "He'doesn't know that I have been  engaged in'the occupation in which  you discovered me to-day. Had he  suspected it, he would never liave allowed me to do .what I was doing ; but  It was the only means which offered  itself of earning a shilling or two to  help us on in our hard life. Indeed, I  am a weight, an incumbrance upon  him. I am fitted for nothing useful,  but Ii'thought it was my duty to help  a little ; his own earnings are so small.  'I must work for you, father,' he said,'  when we had lost everything, and earner:  to  London   to   seek  our  fortune ;   and j  ho would  be humiliated  to learn that I priaonei 8 occupied the sumo cell���������something  I   was   i ngaged   in   labor   so   low,   so  menial.      As I walk along the streets  I hold  my  head  down in  fear, that  I  PEISDI DISCIPLINE LAI,  TOO MUCH   COMFORT   IN   PRISONS  AN,ENGLISHMAN SAYS.  Tiro Kev. ������>. ti. lewis Has Keen Male ins  a Tour or licpeclion in (Ills Coimlry  ���������'Ilie i'l-ntriil I'rlson, Toronto, Like  t1 n Small World'* Fair���������A Itrimtrlfe  I'rlson I tic I'liiCHt He Huh Seen���������I'lilla-  <Icl-.iltl.-i Penitentiary a Fine Home for  tlie ("iicniiiloyrri. <���������  ' Some interesting information in regard  to the English prison system and its contrast with the systems in vogue in this  country has been obtained from a clergyman, Rev. D.'Gienville Lewis, Chaplain to  her British Majesty's prison'at Shepton  Mallet, Somersetshire, England.  Mr. Lewis came acros-a tlie' Atlantic as  Chaplain to the Dominion steamship Labrador three weeks ago, and proposed to  return to his regular duties in a short  time. He took a Hying trip through On-  1 tarioj'viBitmg tlio Central prison in Toronto ; went on to Chicago, and saw the Cook  County .fail there ; then e,ist to New-York  by w.iy of Philadelphia, iu order to make  a personal inspection of the Eastern Penitentiary,' and finished up at the Tombs  Prison, New York,  Tim general impression which he has  received about prisons in the United States  is that discipline is much too lax ; that, tho  power intrusted to each individual prison  w.irden is much too great, nnd that the  prisoner's, as a rule, are far too comfortable in their confinement to make their  punishment serve' ts a deterrent against  fuLiue criminal acts.  " When I saw the Eastern Penitentiary,  in Philadelphia," said Mr. Lewis to a press  representative, *'I could not help saying  to myself, ' What a'grand home for the  unemployed !'.   The  prisoners'   ceils   were  decor.ited with clocks and pictureH, and  even with carpets, if my recollection is correct.' Many,of tiie cells had shelves fitted  up and rows of books upon them.  " The prisoners in this penitentiary are  allowud to communicate with each other  without  hindrance.    In   many  cases   two  might be recognized. It may be false  ���������shame, but I cannot, I cannot help it !  You will promise me, if you see him,  that you will not tc-11 him what I was  doing. It would wound his sense of  self-respect, and I would die rather  than cause him the slightest pang.'"  "I promise you," said Rachel. "I  will not tell him. I am familiar with  this neighborhood ; indeed, I have often  been in the adjoining room on a' visit  to a friend, and have ��������� listened with  pleasure,, to the sounds of happy voices  I have heard while your son.was conducting his evening class. We will  say, then, that I'met you by accident,  and that I asked'to be allowed to'come  and see you. There Is no haim in  that, is there ?"'"  "No," replied the old man, "he will  be glad  to  hear it."  "And if I'can he of help,'\said Rachel,' earnestly, '.'in the buying of books  for iho children, or in some other way, i  you and your son will.be affording me  a pleasure greater than I can express.  I am not very rich, but I have al.ways  which is never permittsd in an English  'prison.    I, '  A    I'EKl'KCT KTH.ANGKK, ,  was allowed to talk freely with prisoners.  If thin treatment were adopted in England,  tho prinons would soon be overcrowded."  Mi*. Lewis then described tho discipline  main lamed under the English prison system. Prisoners sentenced to two, years'  hard lahor or less had to sleep for tho first  month ou a plank bed. During the second  monfih they had a mattioss three or four  nights a week, nnd it was not until the  third month that they could enjoy the un-  inteirupted nightly luxuiy of even a prison  bed.  It v.ii-s an oiTense for a prisoner to sneak  to any ono except the Governor of the jail,  the puaon chaplain, the visiting Justices, or  the Government Inspector. IJoth the Governor and the chaplain paid separate visits  to each prisoner overy day, the ono to hear  complain's and the other to ,fiive religious  instruction. The governor had no power to  allow visitors into the prison except on  receipt of a written order from his superiors, r,  The. chaplain had power to give the prisoner religious hooks, sucii aa sermons, "Tin:  Pilgrim'H Prom-ess," or "The Saints' Rest,"  during the lust month, and alter that time  was very dirty, and the discipline' seemed  to be ��������� very lax. I heard the warden call  for one of the guards half a dozen times be  fore he answered. If the Governor of an  English jail had to call a turnkey twice be-  wouid either fine him or have him dismissed.       '   ,,  "The Tombs, in New York, was much  cleaner tlian the Chicago prison, but ths  discipline did not eeem much better. I saw  prisoners walking about together, some oi  them '   ,  wiTn,THi:irt coats off,  and many of them apitting lavishly on the  floord. Under our system, a m,in who spat  on the floor after being warned that il was  an offense against cleanliness would get  three days'* bie.tdand water forthwith.  "It also surprised me very much to see a  man with a basket of cakes in the Tombs  selling his wares to piisoners. We take all  the money which even untried prisoners  have about them, ami no prisoner, tried or  untried, is allowed to smoke undor any  circumstances. ,-���������  " The linest prison I have ever seen,"  concluded Mr. Lewis, "is that ot St.  Gillcs, in lirusseils. Its exterior ia more  imposing than that of tho, King's palace,  near at hand. The ofiiceis are a fine-looking  set of men an 1 wear fine uniforms, which  set them off and give them dignity. Tlie  prison chapel is arranged with a separate  box for each prisoner, bo that lhey can all  see the chaplain, but cannot see each other.  I asked if many of tho priuouer.s wero there  as the result of drunkenness. The Governor  told me that tlu'H cause of crime was very  rare in his experience, and prisoners sent  there on account of it were nearly always  either Englishmen or Americans." ��������� <  Mr. Lewis says he has been eleven years  in orders, graduating an M. A. in Durham  University and receiving his theological  training in St. Heos. lie was formerly  senior curate in St. Mark's, Obi Street,  Loudon, and before that was a curate in  lTeeda. ,<  ������������������������ ���������  PUNISHMENT BY THE KNOUT.  f*  Much  I'lo^ifiOK  .lloru   ������ovcre   Than, Any  ii 11 h ii h O r<l I ii n ry Vat.  Our own record in the mutter of flogging  's not a nice one. Happily, some diligent  eeareh is needed to present it fully, ,for  tho whip, us an instrument of discipline,  has almost disappeared iu this country*. It  is a good many years since the "cat" has  flourished over the backs of our seamen and  ts employment in our prisons is exceptional in these dav8.    And even where  it dooB  a little mono* to spare, and you will ' books of iusi,rtiction or recreation. In Shop  be re-ally doing nie a wrong if you shut ' ton Mallet a religious service was held  the door aaainst me." i every morning at S:-i.*5, to which all prison-  Thiti Rachel tool: h"r leave, and the \ ors might come.    There were     '  old man felt as il  '.he  room had been j tiikkk fohms ok i-unisiimknt  sanenfic-d by her presence. , for refractory or disovdorly prisoners.    The  In lhe ..evening, wh-ui Henry came ��������� filati Wl8 a ami of bread and water on altor-  hfniu, his father told him of Rachel's j nate days for any period not exceeding  visit. , Henry f|Uestiohcd him as to her | fourteen days; tho second was the dark cell  dre-ss  and   vol1*:-?   and  personal  appear- j for any  period   not exceeding  forty-eight  anO'i, ami murmured only. "It is she'  and  the-n    paid'4 aloud.    "Father,    the  young 'ady   :���������'an angel in disgu'se."  " Xo,  ITc-i:ry,"  replied  the  old ,man ;  " r.'.t in disguise."  (ro 3" covriNi'ri).)  i  bur <-h t  nad  ������������������m ;"���������:  p....t-.i-.Kted a person in tho crowd, nioro  lonii.il  than his fellows.     | jit   ,\..-  This   was   dor.r-,   and   tlio   man   was   miaht.  ra!<--d   tu  his tVet.      The    air    Slowing! -^i*-   u[  JrT-ly   upon   his   features  produ-T'd   it:-'"'* i -  cif'Ct.      If,*1 op*.'nod '"is cvi ������ and t*. iz"d | I'Pt,;"'  v-cuitly   aioundi       Tlvn   It  was   t���������"at' ���������"!���������'<!   Lvblc  Rachr-l's    doubts  .vanished,    and    ;''i-*i!   "���������' 'w   ���������".  stepped  tVu'W.trd (promptly followed liv,-s    of   \n  Poini'i*:.*.   who   invanaldy  symn.irhi/-"1,"!   ri"1j'<',  to iv i  ":i hi*- young mi-itr-j^"1. and f-rood liylju'i.      F r<���������.i"11 v  th-.1  o'd   man'.***   .--ido.       lie,   reenaii',���������/':,:  by  --*om,-  sort of mis' ir.it  th"  pivii-nei  of   a   fi I'.ud,   sir, ii 1 ��������� d   r-*:u   lin   hand  v.;i!'*h I'.ii'hi! took in h- ������������������������.  " I th. :il. j oil, 1 th.ink ���������-���������*������������������],'��������� !k> in ur-  t.-.i't���������������������������T. '"n a to.".-  Miigu! c  .<-.���������.!.'  not c*:i-vi. '.  y.   - i. 'i   '. i  Vj'-K. 1    thi;   o'd  ���������"I'-d It now, a:  .1, '. u:far in i1 1 *  .-h>.* ������prr.-*l u i  de, and -.vl-i-ri  ,". "t, ������'r,.- ���������--i.i-l,  rs ���������   '   i   liy  - :������������������]-���������,--  T, i- c,  ar-- i-:ritt  .-a ?.  i 'if  f.i-  . .1  J Inyo it. J  Ol>. or,;  b.  'ITIUl'l il  V.  ii in  " Do ;  r ".Iff :i.a  " :,*o,"  "  \jr< r  mrn,  .'���������!'  " I   d.ji  a   v , :,i ,  " *"u'   1 ii.'i V'-- ".-ii  <:���������.���������'. n   th.    f-'tran I   \\ ith  5 f ; ;-< 1 -.   r,vi>!'  h's   ���������=-"���������.*"-n]**]  ������������������Wi' r and  :i������!!:���������-d   tho  I"  i.'  ���������i'U   l:row  ���������. <-,( nfi'in'i.  r-h-i  -.������������������li.wl.  onyboily ?" Ir  >��������� 'ilimf to th,  i't  know   iii ii*- ii   i  i.  p i: liin^f  ii> r v  him wii  thr<--.    Ihr.'itcr-  !������������������-���������   li.r a   jroei 1  'd iho polioo.  i.il orowd.  '  him."   (.-ild  i \   i hroiiifh ;  kill;,' up and  Tn'iiiy d-i'-*** p.i-il. A shilling a day fi.-*  u :���������- fur fi^iir hours' work. Why, it  f.i-i't '.���������.i-jtis5i to .���������jinrv,'1 upon! 'Phil's  I..'- fomid.iml ���������nol drink. You -wnm  a   !:n'd-lii-.i: f*d   Indv.   II   wouldn't   hurt  !',������ to hf-lp tlio fioor chap."  "l'l   will   h> !r<   hi:n,"   ������i.-i,,l   line !*,oI,   "If  it's in mv pow*1.-."      And th'-n sho ;,i\;-  crt   'hi-' obi  in.hi,  in  a   lou   torn*,   "Are  >f.'i  i i*,'ill.v  hnmfiy '.'"  lii.   ua--*   (oo   lull  i.f  shamo  to  reply.  Hi-*   h'-nd   Mini:   down   fiff.iln   upon   hi'-'  b:' i'-i.  "i ii  " f  -.1 ail  l,,i.k  iii.o1.  <=-iiil    thf   old   mar,  ;', i i.i i/   w.i!l"!f":r,g o'1  " Ii'i'   thai   you,  -.   1: '!  " A i.i:  J li.-'f ;- on," *-,!  " .i    ,'��������� u!li m'-ii '"  " i humbly cth.-'ii:  " TI,r> i' niv britfh' -  (i l --i!   i-.fn-ilun."  I'mup* y, ���������-1r< lob .,  'hi- tloiii", ,-��������� i nn d i i  nl' ill i In: w.T-i rl ��������� i ���������  I '.if hf'l mi'fi't lifi"'f '  \-\r i\ ���������,!)(. proved 1 r,  ���������ik'.il'iil. Tl.o ho'i ' v  ���������i.nl   1. .ii .> d  whll.���������  ��������� h  ��������� cup of ti a  m-"l or :i.v  ir  ������-i'   r.; Jioii-.i  i   !   t.-.<,.,   v.".*l.  .<: ^ !,?ir.': Jt  ���������������������������I'.iir.  -- .*' ;c,i," J, :t..: "  ������������������)���������"., no f .'..  lii.ui  '-'nof, i f i*i-  r f;,ll 1 r.fftn or.  -:-,.���������;:,'- ".\i\)Vi,\;'.':  t.-'d :-'iid. Tr-tly,  *-*n   born   lo  for-  ll' so doft ,"i,d  '"oly   !������������������---in;  ^i.e-  h id   II v. d  with  :til', I-    ur.  i ,  ' -   !,������>������������������   li   s>        1  d aiii'. "I.i*)  i������������. ir.ip.t1-'' s.r  I yij-1", III i j ���������<  j Arur.fi),- /::���������  i nifii ������" ' '.������������������ inn'  ������ a 'i1 I i.i ii ii-* r  ij can--1 ' 'i'*y ' '  | i" (no r in,,"'! '  . v. mu -. -.;. ������������������' ;  t-">o a       "-      ">  d'/raiif)^" '; ������������������   ,��������� [���������  ."l-V'.l.l).  b' (n ?,u *  hours; the third was (logging with the cat  of-nine-tails, which was infiict<sd only after  a private trial before tho visiting Justices  and for no olience less gioss than striking a  prison guard or another prisoner.  The'hard labor punishments were oakum  picking, breaking stones, turning the  ci link, and working the treadmill. There  is no stated f-u������ni.ily of work given to  prisoners at hard labor, each getting what  he is capable of accomplishing without  laziness. Old o'!eiuieia who have become  experts always get a share proportionate  to their skill. "*'  Shortly after .\Ir Liwis wai appointed a,  prison ch.ipla'ii, he said, there was a hanging in the jail, and lie ni'ide the aorpiaint-  anfic  of Billington tho public executioner.  " He  was a shot t,   thick-set man," R.ud  Mr.   Lewis, "and   very ,i������-reealilo   in con-  i veisation.       1  underataiid  ho now live* a  .very correct life, teaching in Sunday school  ,,,    :     ,,..,,    ,.   , ,rj c���������. ' when not of'crwn-e enciwed. '    Ho follows  ,.ott   -i.i .i'.-ro i-*   <��������������������������� I->yi tor   vory '   , ,      ,     ,     , ���������,,    .   ,. .,    , ,  .   . J    tlie iriulfi of a barber,    lie told me that he  n la.-yn   i-o  'Iv nulla   rulihi.r   air , *lfl(i   never   j,ad a dream in   hid life   nor a  wini-r, 'Mi. h-i   imlal'.-1 by im-'-iris uf ' toothache. He must always .sloi-pin a prison  "ie night ho fore an oxociition takes place,  in order that the Governor of the ji.il may  Li- -Hire, that he has not, indulged m intoxi-  1 iLll'8."  A'nonlmu to Knglish law, a cond'limed  ri'i'ioncr imi't. have three clear Sundays  I- tweii iho dutu of bin Hcntotice and tho  i'"j oi oxf-.-utK-ii, but, the lime between  fi uieiici-j anil oxeciaion inu<*t nevnr excoitd  i i-iii" oilfiidd.r inoiith.  Must of lii': guards in Knglish priHons are  ii.*- ii who 1,'i.v". served in the at my or navy.  '.if l'oiiMiior iHalso Uiind'y a retired army  oltnor, so that ili-T-ipimi) is pinciiucd   with  SWALLOW STRANGE THINGS.  Tin   M'11-.ll*-.     1,'M'l   Oii'���������<lu<-   U.-iil   (;<ll|)H  l<������������ ii :i I.I*..1 Turtle. [  Tl j ri ���������.c#ra ot 'tin. l.ini'ion ho-ipitals I  liaf ,p. ,',- .:������������������-��������� 1,'ole im nlier cf p.itieiUH who ,  li..v-f EW.-li <vt.il itiangi tlunas. Ol course, '  ch-lri-i-r >:i l-c tr.,������*it '.'re^uuuii -ni/ieior.i. i  r.h/,i ���������-. that tney swailou |  .vhiitle*'a.ni tin " H.jiieak'  ���������,-if i-  v   'Iho.'r. ran most, r������a'lily  In   Intath,'ind iliun   * icii  iftUI    lll*-[-,t   -     tllO     171,1 if)  -'���������   '   ' ,'e  "I'l'srii    ',ij������jrrj- r,1  - ti   -/ii),'i*t.   A i ln'il t<, *���������-  :' ���������r.in-bio.nii'l '.i\ni������ i" , 'i  .,        [MjOO'l  ,  111  -1    i-iO'i   1  1 ii: ji i'. n'  :���������- ,     ,    ' .11 * -.   ',  tic  i'in i! i'i,  ,,.   | .-,(!   ,  r.   ,, x i ��������� i ��������� , -  i"l������ !.    proi .     ���������*,  Oni/   ll    ,1-r-,; *j,  ���������     '>'.'fJ-    i,    J     i>, in    ,,,  .' ' - -    via!    ' '/li Alii;,   ���������  '��������� "        to* ��������� ..'.   ll "'0    1 ','  o.i, for ri-  ii, -  !      r;n-   f,l :,,  I lii ro..or'.    '  1 al out '". . y  , :h i Loiui'-r.  I a t,ny .t">> i'  tor,'* ,jf < nlldlsh .p!- i  di', Oi.it  trio cup j 0* -|-,ax,,    :v,  of  ion   -.lin   had   ;n\ r, (,-ori   for   him  ih*  'unit ("; rri*1 had  -ilwiyr, hrup  of v.ilu*  lo b  ������������������. and  tho o'ri man doc la iv a, in  ?  ������irA1 ,;i i*  ������' *��������� .',    I  .r ' it.y. ���������,  ".' -*}������l!.l. i, '.  ���������������r*'���������,*���������������.   i'  ;f -l.ii-  th  Whoi-c  It.  do   you   live  ./I,  aKkfd   Jta-  ���������mfiiy   rvuirl,    Spilfilfi* IrN,"   )ir-  <iii-'.v* irfl.   .-.Iniosi   ni   a   whl-por.  I: 'ili'l w.is !-t,'irtl-'d. Wh*1 kri*v/ |1"  1'< il:"y v.'1!. It v,,i-! in llir* lr,|i rririiii  of n.-i vf ill' Ii'iim'< in l!o "inai y r'om >  tl at sh'   Jifid h", id Ih'  pi . *-.'int found*-  '���������:-*l   ho hrtd  i vr    ,i-,ti d ,  " li Hint 1st f>o," i 1 I: ioi,'*], "T tlnr.k  r ri;iv" oiri'Tl jfnir i.',ii(id'"i-i''o."  '' "i on h'i\o Tilled wiiati-'v-'i- It i:i in  my pow*:r ti u ',t',--v," sold the old  in.in.  " W'Jl,  I hen, your nanv ?���������'  " .\ry n.irno |,, WyaU ; rny S-on/H nw.  i--. Tronry.'" '���������  "Mr. H'-rry W'i.ilf," ftrtid TtachiJ,  'only.  "'J'lio hr.it, tho nobloc), (hf rno.'it do-  i'it'*d ."r,n that fa Dior rvi' h.id," said  .Mr. Wy.'ilf. " Xcvor n reproach from  In" lip'*, Ihonffh it i'i t who lifiv-  l,ioug-|i|- him lo this '..id oandil ion. JSTo-  llniiif but r h'-i'i-fuln"';'!, uoUiIng1 but  hop1.      And he |r lovi d, you Tiy '.'"  j childrfn i.y p  an 1  lref    io..  ' (rJ-iill.'li-  :'l ..O H.'.-'l*  -3.'.-.' " -f.  s   g  r >i*  I   in   P1.  '   lVI    'J  -,..11-,.,,  ilOl i '111  VI    11     W    '  V ' r*e    "  V. I.i   0:   .   i  l.l n   Vi;r i'.  .-1- .'   r   ���������:  :-< ������.i t lii'sti.  ly '  .i.'/'O v  '.<!������������������ ".0.1,  au.-o  on  .  : VI . ".  '".n'-ii 001: i.  ������������������'i'-.Tii if,-id  :  i--**,p". .ii  o on, "I  ,r, wan i-'-"1:  ft/nn k .lid. -*��������� I'-r1 *, ���������>' th'-"  fro;,. p'i>.I -. i,-.,-,-, *-r. -. ;���������������������������< \.  of itiuinp xzi% /<.>;>' '���������.' "A 'ft i  enKPH and'  I'.i.g**-  Thit pr-"'f,ri*-, F irl !-,r-. t/i!I������> n;.'! '.Ci'.v/ ni*  veat a h-.lf '.vrr-'v awnllo''.;'] riur,ri^ i,h������s  co'^rne of r1 son |u."in^ tr.ter ainmo'i' y/li*,n  ho win p. ivl Ur.lyln-: oiiinrcia/ .i uii.fi  died at (/'OOn-Ai-j'r, tii,1", ,i>h iv,,iilov/irii' r,nt  of tho r.oi-iy toyi o,i'''d a t-irf-r., and ur,  -modi'jal p.id lu'il'J ia"') Sin.  In lft.S't tii(j if.t-i! yr'"lu< tion of aluiiiifnir,,  was only 1."/) pohrei ,. f1 in nov .';,'!'!,0',';  poundH a year. The pri'.o ha-l d'l'ire I'n-d  rom Z'l to T.") centi n pound  I.I.i  Pl/AHITV Ol*   f|,()i KUOItK.  ' .''Ir t'iwi-1 mid (hat thu ill i.roi.tmenl, of  ji'-.-ioncf-' ������ an a ifi*y Lire ri'.uurraiico in Iiih  r <*.(;ri(*n'f. One. wlioleioine cheek wiih the  f , oni-i'.-1, piry on cveiy tlcath wiiluii jiiitiiiii  v,���������li',t no iriatu.T wnat iIh ciiuk!. The  jii.-oi-ft in imcii caiirH, being lalcn from I be  ;. ...diborhood, hud the light to ask any  '.; I'.iition'i th������y thought lit, and, il any  r .rnor-s of harMh meamireH wilh the. pi iHOners  ind -.'Ot Abroad, lhe 'jiiCHtinnii put, were  _< i.ei illy ("������������������*������chmg.  -,fn f-^ijii* of hi" dilrr.id tour through  [,i i"0Ij*i on huh Bid') of the Atlantic, Air.  Lhv.iii I'aid :  "'J h������ Oiit#irio .M.iif I'riiion, m Toronto,  li liko ��������������� mnall worlds iit.tr. It ic filled with  machinery aduptod for niiikin^ toyn, tnnnin  r>i';k')tii,ha-������'ifiaH ImIh.iuiiI other irnpl'imujilH  for outdoor gAinm. 7'ht prti.on itie.lf is  i''rnpill"ii������!y eleari. I mw tlio look "Hop  l,n������t<s for iIhj iirnt tune, mid I eonnider it a  gr'-alihninbiig. VVhon onf pruoner places  inn hand on U,o shoiild'n of tlio iriuii mi front  of bim ho r.aii ooinrniiriieuio with hirn in a  Wni-ip'it" witli'itil   rl'iloction.  "Cook County Jail at Chicago, reminded  mi  more of a stable than any lung cIho.     Jt  litlSSrAN TNSTIttTMr.NT-5 OT rtlNI.1 IIMKST.  exist the present day punishment, of the  "cat," inflicted, with an insirumeut that  carries no knots and seldom more than  fifteen or twenty strokes, is not to be compared witli the savAgo Hoggings of the  past.  rI iie Russian "knout," howover, is a  much more terrible instrument of toiture  than tho "cat," as will bo sn>;n from tho  accompanying , illustration. And, unfortunately, one never knows for cei lam how  much of the kriont is loft iu modern Russia.  The telegraph wire still at time-* can ics the  horrid whiz/ of it from remote Siberia, and  only the other day came the news from St.  Voteisburg of anew imperial ukase "abol-.  ishiiig the use of tho knout for lhe punishment of offenses committed by the peasantry, who havo hitherto been, completely at  the mercy of the local j'udgus in this respect,  boo'auie statistics were submitted to tiie  War, showing that in ten years '{,000 persons, mostly guilty of limits of produce,had  died aftei"'*pt!itiBhmo-it with the knout."  Grained the infliction ot the knout, the  3,000 deaths are easily behoved ; tlie instrument it&c'f (supposing tin's report to be  true) evidently dies harder than us victims.  But even in Rii'sia, where the roil and its  equivalents havo had a more extended and  bloody existence than in any other European state, the huinanur spirit of the age  has been felt, aud one is disposed to regard  as cxagcerated the statements just quoted.  Certainly it hud been generally supposed  th,*i tlie knout was abolished for all but the  oravest oflenses, as long ago as 18(i(i. Hut  KuwiiL has never been governed wholly by  its written laws, and there are legions of  that empire where a ukusu may be slow to  reaoh the "local j'udges."  __��������� up,    Worth's Pradoeossor.  It h.'iH been erroneously as-iumcd hy  many people that tho bite M. Worth was  the fiistiniui milliner of Kuropoan reputation. This iu a mistake, as has heen pointed  out by a learned writer in tho Kclair. The  fipitman uiillinei of whom history takes  notice, hhvn lhe London Daily News, was  I'hoiiilicrg, who became famous in 1'aris iu  the icign of Louis XV. He was the yon of  a I'aviirian peasant. His manner of advertising m tho early part of the eighteenth  century w-m lo send out c,u Is, Iho body of  which reptcM'iitc.l a corset, while the shafls  weie made in imitation of a pair of tailor's  sheari. Tlio notion got,abroad that ho was  uxtremelyakillful in hiding litt'e deformities in the lifjure and the vogue he enjoyed  MERRY MOMENTS.  "Algy ' and   May   have   tabooed   ham. '  mocks.'/  ,"\Vhy?"    "One was t!'6   cause  of their first falling out."  "Xow, Charles,let us make a list of your  debts." "One moment, dear uncle, till I'  have filled up your inkstand."  He���������"I'd j'ust as lief be hung for a sheep  as a lamb."*   She���������"Well,   you'll be hung'  for  neither; you'll   be  hung for a calf or  nothing."  Jimmy���������"Timmy Orogan is tal'kiu' of  gittin' hirn a bicycle." ".Mickey���������" Him?  Ho ain't got de price ior de wind wot goes  in do tires."  Johnny���������"Mamma, I can count all the  way up to twelve." Mamma���������"Aud what  comes after twelve, Johnny?" Johnny���������  "Recess."  Attorney���������"You say, when you asked  him for tho money, he used blasphemous  language?" Riley���������"I did not sor. I  said he swore at mo like a trooper."  Simpson���������"How do you know that your  rival and her father will fall out and fight?"  Jimpson (gleefully)���������"They've both joined"  the same chuichchoir."  Air.   Busy ' Body���������"If you   hang   those '  turkeys by   the feet you will   keep them  longer." ' Mr.     Butcher    Uusineta���������"That  ain't what  I'm  trying to do.    I want   to  sell "em." ��������� .  , \.  Mr. Droppin���������"Is Mr. Baite in to-day I" '  Mr. Baito's  Partner���������"*N'o sir; he's  down'  at the   Rangleys."    Mr.    Droppin���������"AhI  Catching fish ?"   Mr. ll.'e V. -No, sir; fish-  ing. i     ,      ,  "I will work night and day to make you  happy," he  said.    "Xo,"    she    answered'  thoughtfully,   "don't do that. , Just work  during the day and stay home at night."  Breathes there a man with soul so dead  Who joys not when the peanuts.shed  Their husks, and quaffs beneath tho shade  The ruby-tinted lemonade ?���������'  Hoax���������"What I object to in your boarding house is the lack of tone." Joax���������-"Huh I  I guess you haven't heard the girl in the  next room singing 'When Summer Come*  Again.'"  "A cat," said Tommy,'"has to be killed  nine times before it's dead." V'fhat'a noticing," said the neighbor's boy, whose father  is on the' board of trade, "you just ought  lo hear about the wheat crop."  The doctor���������" Queer 'saying that  about   r  truth lying at the bottom of a well."   The  lawyer���������" Y"ou  wouldn't think  so if you  knew the amount of pumping we  lawyers  sometimes have to do to get  at it." ���������  ." I have kinder had my doubts," said  Mr. Jason, as he removed his Sunday best  suit'aftor his visit to tho city, '|I kinder  have my doubts whether brother Bill's son  tuk me around and showed me, the town,  or whether he showed the town mo."  " You will have to got somebody to  identify you," said the paying teller./'But  that's impossible !" exclaimed tho present- ���������  or of tho check. ��������� " Since, I've had this  check iu my, possession I've boon so proud  that my own mother wouldn't know mo."  Mrs. Crimsonheak���������" Why is it, I wonder, that a woman will always (urn to the  end of a novel and read the last page before  reading any other pari, of it?" Mr. Crimsonheak���������"Her! propensity to got the'  last word, I supposo, loads her to do it."       ,  Tommy���������"1'nw, what ia an egotist?"  Mr. Figg���������" He is a man who thinks  ho is smarter than any one elso." Mrs.(  Figg���������',' My dear, you have that'wrong.  The egotist is the man wiio says he , ia  smarter than any one else. All men think  that way.'.' ''   ' ,  Mr. Knnicott���������"There's a lot of st'iamer  trunks piled, out conspicuously in front of  Mrs. Slimpoekot'a house waiting tor the  expressman. ' What docs that moau ?"  Mrs. Knnioott (with1* scorn)���������"It mean  tliat she's going down to her uncle's farm "'  to spend the summer." '  " Daidy," askott little Danny Groga'n,  " what ia this new woman business, anyhow?" "It manes," ���������said Mr. Grogau,  after a moment's thought, " that instill av  a man an' his wife being wan any liioorc,  thot now he is wan man an' sho is another. ,  bedad."  Mr. Billus���������" Maria, how does it happon  that Kanny isn't going to church with you  this morning '! Mrs. Billus���������" You know  iih well as I do, John, lhat when liessie aud  Kate and I go to church somebody has to  slay at home. There isn't room for four  pairs of sleeves in our pew."  " l'hoard, air. that you said my piano  playing sounded part of tho time as if I  weie jumping on the Keys with'bbth feet."  "Exactly, madam. 1 referred to tho  pianissimo passages., Auyono wiio would  stop to think would know thai, such small  and delicate feet as yours could only produce the aoftcjt ell'eets."  .Would Not Cut His Hair.  Au   Odessa  correspondent  says': ��������� "An.  event had happened which has paused quito  a consternation among the Bludunts attached lo the university here.    Prince Touman-  ofl',   a   member of   au   old   and  historical  family ir. this country, has just received an  order  expelling   him from   the university  lieioand directing him lo leave the toiyir  within forty-eight'hours.    The extraordinary reason for this Draconian decree is that *.  he declined to wear his hair short.    Ilo has  been refused permission to go io St. Petersburg to present a petition, nod now by his  expulsion   from this university  ho   is  not  petnutted    to   cuter   another   iu   Russia;  therefore, his bright hopes and his aspirations to employ lus talcntu for his country's  benefit  nio  wrecked,   and   his   career  in  Russia is ruined.    Tho severity with which  the  university  students  iii  soulh   Russia  havo lately   been treated   is   viewed   with  di������may.    Tlieir  grievances   are  left mire'-'  dressed and petitions are useless.    In these  circumstances   fresh disorders may  be expected to break out at any time,"  inconsequence wan immense. Although he  was but a few yeani in businei-i', dying at.  the oai ly aye of -10 yeais, lie left n fortune  CMtlnialed at ������10,000 or JWO.000, a largo  mini for a trade/mum io have earned m  those days. Under the first empire his  successor was Leroy, who dressed the  princess of the imperial comt. At the  period of the restoration he lived iu retirement in a splendid mansion in the Rue  Richelieu, wheiohc entertained in pi nicely  style, f.eroy win said to he witty and a  model of deportment, and ho numbered  the most fashionable p'.-ople among his  friends.  According" to the Viewpoint.  Tommy ��������� Pop, what's the (inference  'tween having Spring [over and just heinij  lazy ?  Tommy's Pop���������Well, if you'ie an employer it's Spring fever, and if you're an  employe it's just being lazy.  Wiggles���������"I   have just one cigar   hero.  'mi   haven't   any objection",  have   you?"'  Waggles;���������"Not if I smoke it."  A Falling Off.  In order to reduco his weight  He purchased him a wheel ;  Before he'd ridden it a week  He fell oil'a good deal.  Ending1 a Discussion.  Mr. GrumppH (hotly)���������You imiut b������  cra/.y.  Mrs. Griunpps (iciiy)���������Just what every  body said when I married you.  Always in the Market  Jinks���������Why do those millionaires    dro  so shabbily ?  Winks���������So folks will take pity on 'em  and buy their watered stocks.  l .. V.J72/1~ - ' -r-v"-tf- THE   KOOTENAY  M-AXL.  DPPORTUKITY IH CHINA,  ,    GREAT CHANCES FOR FOREIGNERS  IF VICEROY LI HAS HIS WAY.  The Work thai Will ICe 1'nIIciI Tor in Itnll-  roail ,-nul Tele^rnpli IJulIiilns mni Hie  Iteurx-iiitz.iiioii or tlie Army ami Xavy.  The great subject' ��������� among Europeans iu  Shanghai ia the opportunities that China  will oiler should the Viceroy Li be' able to  carry out the projects that he has had  in miud for several years. It is known that  for ten years the Viceroy has sent frequent  memorials to the Throne urging the improvement and reorganization of the army  and the navy, the purchase of proper arms;  the engagement of-competent foreign officers, the placing of all the great departments ou the same footing as the customs  ��������� service, with a foreign officer at its head,  , the buildiugij 'railroadsand telegraph lines  and many othi������r schemes, which, had they  been adopted, would have revolutionized  , China  and would  have made  the present  war impossible.  ��������� ,    In all 'these schemes   the Viceroy   was  antagonized by  Wing Tung Ho, tho   Emperor's tutor, who until recently had bound-'  '   lees influence over, his pupil. The Viceroy's  memorials were pigeon-holed, and it  was  only when   things came to  a  head, after  , the degradation of  the" Viceroy last year,  *     that Li was able to present the facte to the  Emperor  and' to prove that he   was   not  ,   '   responsible for the failure of China in' the  war.    The young Emperor  then  promised  ,    ', that he would put no obstacle in tbe   way  of the Viceroy, and when the peace ratified  and China has  arranged to   pay the   big  indemnity we may .expect   to see  theiold  Viceroy, begin' * ���������'  THE   HERCULEAN TASK  of furnishing an honest And efficient administration of the great, departments of the'  Government. '  In thisl:work  Li  will be   forced to  call  ,npon  foreigners, and English  and Americans will be those  to wnom, he will  first  ���������     turn.    Sir Robert" Hart is the best known  instance of what an honest and efficient  European may do in administering an important branch of the public service in an  Oriental country when he is allowed to have  , '"a free hand, It is over thirty years since  " Hart first took hold of the customs service  of China. It was then in the same .state  of corrupt inefficiency as a dozen other  departments are now. He organized it on  ���������the lines of the English service,'and he  insisted so strongly upon honest aud careful work that he soon had his department  as well conducted as any in the world. Tlie  great opium revenut would have'furnished  rich pickings for corrupt Governors,' but  Sir Robert saw to it that these peculating  Chinese officials had no chance to levy on  the receipts or to "squeeze" an importer of  goods.    This   work,   of    course,    was  not  '> done without frequent,attempts at interference on the partof high Chinese ollicials,  but Sir .Robert would tolerate no meddling  ��������� * in his department, mud tho large revenue  which he was able to turn over to the Government was the best proof^of tho value of  his system.  " 'No othei foreigner has ever enjoyed the  privileges accorded to Sir Robert Hart.  Whenever a.European adviser has reached  any prominence he has met the fatal opposition oi the^ palace coterie, ������r,d his powers  have'been so seriously impaired that he  could do nothing, and, to presarve his self-  respect, he has beau  FORCED TO RKSION.      *���������*"  This has occurred so often that men of gen-  . uiue ability would liave nothing to do with  ,.    the Chinese service, no matter how large a  salary was held out as an inducement. The  proof oi this was seen in the mere handful  of foreigners who were in the Chinese service when the war with Japan broke out.  v. .Major von Hannecken  was a fair   specimen of those men whofi through the favor  of some Governor of a   province,   had been  retained as foreign  advisers.      Von Hen-  neckeu   actually  dreamed   that   he  could  reorganize the ariny. iu the field arid make  , it stand agaim-t the Japs.    He accompanied the  regiment of   Chinese recruits that  embarked on the transport Kowshing, aud  he was one of the small body of foreign officers that tried to induce the Chinese coin-  1  mander of this force to surrender.  It was a  bit of luck that Vou   Hanneeken's  career  did hot eud witli the sinking of this transport.    He had  the good fortune'to escape  the fate of the 1,000  poor devils who went  down wilh the transport, and soon after he  was heard from again in Tientsin,   urging  more new schemes for the strengthening of  China's army and navy.    There is no record  that he accomplished anything. Last month  the Major, evidently soro over his military  and naval fiscoos, was wedded to a young  woman of Tientsin, and gossip says that he  will take his liberal fortune and return to'  Germany. t Vou   Uannecken had  a  great  opportunity, but  it   is   doubtful   whether  anyone could have made head against the  opposition   which   ho   encountered.     His  special associate was   Mr.  Detring, an ex-  customs   officer,   who   is   now   serving as  foroign adviser of the Governor of Tientsin.  Detring was  selected as a member of the.  fir.jt peace commission which China sent to  Japan.    He had neglected to secure proper  credentials, so ho and his Chinese associate  returned with a great loss of " face."    Vet  he secured the position of  foreign  advise!  to the Taotai| of Tientsin, a  place  which  mu-jtgivo   him   a large salary.    He knows  the  customs ' business thorough!}',  und lie  understands the workings ot the Chineee ]  mind, but he seems to lack  TACT AND Jl'IXIE.MKXT.  and it is doubtful whether he will bo able  to help foreigners in tho way -of concessions.  Several English and American promoters  have arrived at  Shanghai lately, ready to  tike advantage ot any move on the part of  the Chinese  Government to construct railroads of telegraphs or to adopt any foreign  inventions.    With   legitimate commissions  there   is a fortune for any   foreigner   who  cm get the   contract to supply   the army  with now guns and ammunition or to furn-  sh material for the new navy which China  must   secure speedily lo take the placo of  tliat navy which was broken up at tho Yalu  and nt Wei-hai-wci.    In    the  building of  railinads and canals  there   will   be   even  greater profits.    China needs railroads and  watcrwys more than anything else, and if  the Viceroy is not checked ho will see that  the   mu in provinces are well Hupplied with  mran.s of communication.  A    Foieitiiers who   cuii speak Chinese have  au   oiioriiious .advantage,   and any man of  ability who <;in p.peiilrand write the langu  age of China ought to get a lucrative post  in these days. Certainly the Government  service, as well as trade, in China oilers  great returns to young men who know the  Chinese language and who have the business  ability to make lire of it. There may not  be another fee so fat fi.s'that *10",000 in  silver given to John W. Foster for his few  weeks' work in arranging terms of peace  for China ; but the Chinese are prepared to  pay liburally for any ioreign expert -idvice  Mat help them to get even in the race  with Japan.  FISHERMEN'S SUPERSTITIONS.  Llslit   on Some   of   (lie   lEy-.d-rie-, of  tiie  luhabita:;!-. or Hie Itceii.  The legends, quaint customs, and superstitions connected with fish und fishing are  many -and curioiiB. Ask a Scandinavian  why salmon'are red and have such fine  tails. You will be told that the ruddy  color of the flesh is due to the fact,that  when heaven was on fire the gods threw  the flames into the water aud the salmon  Bwallowed them. The delicacy of the  salmon's tail is explained by'the story that  Loki, when the angry godu pursued him,  turned himself into a salmou. Ho would  have escaped of Thor had not caught hnn  by the tail. S.rmona ImvH had their tails  fine and thin ever since. ���������  , Why arc soles, plaice, aud other flatfish  brown on one side and white on the other ?  The Artbs of upper Egypt give nil explanation which no one can hesitate'to accept.  One day, they tell yon, Moses, the Isrea'lit-  sh lawgiver, waB frying- a fish���������wo all  know the jews are fond of fried fish, and  they cook it splendidly. Moses, however,  had only cooked his fish ou one side, when  the tire went our, and so he angrily threw  the half-cpoked fish into the sea. Although  half broiled it came to ��������� life again.'1 Aud  its descendants���������all tho flatfish���������havepro-  served to-day ,,'  Tint rucDLiAK 'ArrjMBANCit * ' <.  of their half-cooked ancestor, being white  ou ono side aud brown on the other.  Why do haddocks carry those peculiar  black "finger marks" nesr the head ? Some  tall ua that they are a memento of the pressure of St. Peter's fingers whon he went  fishing for the tribute money. On the  Yorkshire coast they Bay the dovil once  determined to build a bridge, at Filey. His  Satanic Majesty did not start the bridge  for the convenience of the people, hut for  the destruction of ships' and *-adors,aiid the  annoyance of fishermen in general, in the  progress of the work Old Nick dropped his  hammer into ^ho sea'' Snatching at it  hastily he caught a haddock, and all haddocks carry the imprint of his black fingers  to this day.  Fishermen have queer customs. A few  years ago the fishermen of. Preston, Lancashire, used actually to go fishing on Sunday.  It seems incredible, but they did, A  clergymen of the town used to preach  agaiust this Sabbath desecration,' and pray  that they might catch no fish. And tliey  did nol. But they found our, how to make  his prayers of no' avail. The fishermen  ucod to niake'a little efligyof the parson in  rags, and put this small "jjay" up their  chimneys. When his reverence was slowly  smoked and consumed the fish bit���������like  anything. -' '  The fishermen ot the'lslo cr Man always  fe't-1 safe from storm and disaster if they  have  a DEAn wri:k on boakp.  They have a tradition that at one time "ur.  evil spirit always haunted tho herring pack  and was always attended by storms,i The  spirit assumed many forms. At last it took  the shape ot (r wren and flew away. If the  fishermen have a dead wreiii with them  they arc certain that all will1 be safe and  snug. 't      a       ,    <"  Ou tho Norfolk coast they think that  fleas and fiidi come togethor. Au old fisher-  man near Cromer was heard toaay : "Times  is that you might look iu my flannel shirt  and'soe scarce a flea���������and then there ain't  but a werry tew herrings ; hut times there  are when my shirt's alive with 'em, and  then there's sarlin to be a sight o' fish."  Flaiinel-shirted anglers, please note.  Shocking it is to' bo compelled to state  that many fishing superstitions are ungal-  lanlly directed against tiie ladies, Over  .agcinst Ross there is the island of, Lewis,  sixty miloa iu length. Ju this itile there is  bul one fresh river. "Fish abound there  in plenty,''but only, lot, a. woman wade in  the uircK.ni, aud not a salmon will be seen  there for at least twelve months. There is  a song about "Eliza's 'Tooiuies-," hue the  immortal lyric does not explain- why they  should, frighten the fish. 1 believe the  ladies deny the allegation in toco. In the  south of Ireland an angler proceeding to  fish declares ho will have no luck if he ia  asked where ho is'going to, if he area a  magpie, or " if ho is ?o unfortunate as to  meet a woman."  MOST TEERIBLE OF GUIS,  WITH    THE   NEW   POWDER   WILL  SINK SHIPS AT TEN MILES.      ���������  W1I! Jliirl  I'ive   lirimlreit   I'ouikM, of Kx-  ,   |ilu������ive   with   Deadly     iccm-acy���������Horrible   Havoc  ol  "Ihi-.   Sou   Marvel   of  Oriiiiiiiici1 Which.lU-tt-iuvea All Otliir  fiuii>* by a Very >ini|ilc Iiiijiroieiiicnf.  r   Maxim,  j,he gunmaker; and Dr. Schup-  phaus,   the gunpowder  expert,   have just  invented a new cannon and torpedo powder  which will knock all modern war-vessels lo  pieces'  like  eggshells.    This^dtg- gun will  throw a huge cannon-ball full of explosives  ten miles,and, where it strikes it will smash  into' kindling   wood   everything    within  hundreds of feet. ,      , <���������  ' In fact,this new terror doesn't even have  to hit a wuiahip to ,do this. If- the shot  lands in the water near by it will sink the  bhip and stun everybody ou board from the  force of the explosion.  Tho, discovery is called " the Maxim-  Sehupphaus system of throwing aerial torpedoes from guns by means of a specia]  powder which starts the projectile with a  low pressure and increases its'velocity by  keeping the pressures well up throughout  the whole length of the gun." 'Patents on  the Bystem have, been taken out in the  United States and European countries.  The special powder employed is almost  pure gun-cotton, compounded with fcuch a  small per cent, oi nitro glycerine as to  possess none of tho'diaadvantages of nitroglycerine powder.!, aud preserved from  decomposition through a slight admixture  of urea. Il is perfectly safe to handle, and  can be,boaten with a heavy hammer on an  anvil without exploding.  HURLED   IT EIOIIT   MILES.    '  From , a ten-inch gun, loaded with 128  pounds of this powder,a projectile w eighing  571 pounds was thrown eight miles out to  eea. The pressures on the rods of powder were more uniform than any yet recorded, which is a most important point in  deciding the value of a high explosive  powder. Without uniform pressures, accuracy of aim is impossible. t  ' In older to observe the effect of the com-  whether solid <*: r-.tseous, at the velocity at  which the ganus o; ������ dynamite explosion are  raised, is --ever*.] million foot pounds, and  jiince an .equal pressure is exerted downward to raise the gas>ui it will be seen how  tremendous :e the force which would be  driven downward into the hold of a ship  by the explosion of Jfive hundred poundB of  nitro-gelaiine, ���������  , NO Vii������*-*KL COrLD STAND IT.     ,  No man-of-war ever built could withstand such a thock. Its sides would be  inBtantly disinpted and it would sink a  broken mats uno the waves. The explosion  of, one oi theft* huge projectiles under water  in proximity lo a man-of-war would be  equally disastious, for the water being a  uniform body, tiie force of the ' concussion  would be the same in all directions and  would strike the side of the ship like a  catapult.  Tms system of throwing projectiles is  jus,t as effici.eic.us on shipboard against  coast,fortificatnoi-iE or othcrvcss,els at Bea.  It is not hard to piedict what would happen. A inan-cil-war armed with one of  these guns woy!d be lord of tVe sea, for it  could Fiuk any ship, wood or steel, almost  as soon ut sighted, and at any distance he-  yond- the reach of the heaviest guns now  afloat. The urougest armoured ships  would be crushed ii ice egg shells before the  terrific fire, anil the ica would faBt hwallow  up the noble Hieel cruisers that it has cost  the nations soimuch to perfect.    .  If the timo should come when all the  nnviesof the world were armed with these  gttDB and wor thould be declared thoy  would have such s wholesome dread of each  other that the popular running tactics of  prize ring would prevail at bea. The best  lighter would'bo the bebt runner, and this  style of battle would he followed until some  more po werful engine of destruction was discovered which would give new courage'lo  its possessor. ' No loundatiou could be  built at the present etage of the military  art strong enough to' resist the explosive  force of five hundred pounds of,nitro- gela  tine. Every gun would be dismantled,and  every man killed by the shock'. The history  nf war, like the histd'ry of evolution in  nature, shows that attack is' always ahead  of defense.      ' ,  Imagine tho itarful execution'that would  be caused by one uf these man-made  meteors in c;&e of bombardment. The  mere thought of the carnage would make a  demon Bhiver. No nation menacedf by such  a calamity could afford lo stand on ceremony in the adjustment of international  que8tiona. Wars would consist of one shot,  if they were ever entered into at all, and if  but one of thepe earth-shaking projectiles  ever fell within a great'and populous city  war would be binislied from the earth ai-  something too frightful, too Satanic to be  contemplated.  s^atfiVj-" '.-'-���������  ������������������Hi  -/.-it       V-i . ' ���������/.���������������3B������J?i_  THE,20-I>"CH ISDN.  ��������� A Parrot's Memory.  Parrots are in many  respects, no doubt,  wonderful birds, and   to the   many storie  concerning them one has to be added from  May fair.    The particular bird   in question  was  in   the habit of callitig the   fqotman  who fed it "Jacko," aud tho correspondent  of tho Manchester livening News, wiio  tolls tho story, says that by-aud bye the  footman left, the ' establishment. Ye^rs  passed, and ho was forgotten. Oao afternoon, however, the parrot suddenly  startled the inmates oi the hou-.e by  muttering " Jacko" rapidly mm excil-idly,  as it were, in his dream*. Some one hud  the curiosity to-run to the window, and  whs just in time to bco a carriage disap-  peiiritiK in tho distance, ou whose box ;j,t  Jacko "the footman, in all the ylory o:  powdered hair. The bird, who had never  seen hnn in the guise buiore, must, it is  alleged, have recognized hnn at once.  bustion of the powder due to these little  holes bits of���������the powder were examined  which having been purposely fired m a'gun  of too small calibre, had fallen into the sea  and subsequently been washed ashore by  the waves. The holes in these pieces were  about one-quarter of an inch in diameter,  showing that, the burning surface in each  perforation had already increased eight  times.  To test the efficiency of ,the system in  torpedo service the inventors constructed a  gun ou a new model. The gun was of four-  inch calibre and threw projectiles weighing  fifty pounds, containing nitro-gelatine or  Maximite, a new, high explosive invented  by Mr. Maxim,nearly as powerful as nitroglycerine and safer to handle. The damage  done was confined to a sandbank in the  neighborhood of their works, but even  with so small a projectile sand waa thrown  aa high as a church steeple. ,  To test by a large gun the actual destructive work of this new powder would  be impossible in a civilized community. The  force of the high explosive thrown would'  be too great. It would be necessary to  withdraw to the Great Sahara Desert, the  wilds of Siberia or some equally unfrequented locality in order to aee just, what  would happen if 500 pounds of explosive  should hit something. Even in Sahara  some wandering caravan or exploring party  thirty or forty miles off might be missing  after the discharge.  A   TERRIBLE OCX.  Needed Winding-.  Jlau Willi Watch (handing it over)���������It  isn't three weeks since you 'cleaned .Mid  overhauled this watch, ami it's out ot order  again.    It won't go.  Watchmaker (examining it, winding it  up, and handing it bickj���������That's all it  needed.  Man with watch goes iiw ay in a towering  ago and watchmaker loses w customer.  ''This coin you gave me icnunds me of  tome women," suid the conductor, throwing  the  counterfeit   nickel  over ui  his  hand.  "How so?" asked the  cniicuii passonge:'.  " L'.ire, but false." said lhe oilier.  )   " Aro thc-ife berrici, juji the tnmo at the  bottom of   tho   ho.\ as  < na.v   are   ou  top J"  miked Mm. Hunuimuue. "Yrs, indeed, ':n,  replied    the   veuder.      And   he  told   the  truth.      The  box  was --tidy   one  layer of  berries deep. ''; , , ,  The big gun which Messrs. Maxim ai.d  SehupphauB propose to construct will bo a  tv. enty-inch gun especially adapted for  coast defense. This gun will show some  peculiarities. It will not be built up, that  ib, composed of many pieces of steel bound  together, but will consist of a single thin  steel tube about thirty feet long with walls  not over two inches in thickness, in marked  couirant with the mortars whose wulls are  made eight or ten inches thick in order to  rot oil of pressure of the discharge. The  recoil of the gun will be'offset by hydraulic  buifers underneath containing water and  oil.  Wnen the gun is fired some of this oil  and water will be displaced by the shock  ami will riae into the side-chambers bhown  in the illustration. The entrance of tho  water and oil into the chambers will so  compress the air in them lhat on the cessation of the recoil the oir will force the  water aud oil back into tne butlers and the  gun will again be iu position for firing.  Un account of the simplicity of its construction and the lightness of its walls this gun  wili not be expensive to build. j  Ho uniform are the pressures aud veloci- !  ties ootaiued that a wouderful accuracy of  1 lice is possible. It would only be necessary  to tnin the gun upon any ship sighted by  therangefinder witnin tins radiuB to insure  its complete destruction.  Tiie quantity of explosive thrown would  he sufficient to sink a man-of-war if the  projectile exploded in the water within  fifty feet of its side. At one hundred and  fifty feet thu concussion of a fivo hundred-  pound projectile would be se\ere enough  lo cause dangerous leaks and disable a.  ship.  Kijually fatal consequences would   ensue  if one oi these gieat projectiles struck miy  piirt*of tli'e  superstructure  of  a ship  and j  exploded.    The energy required ,.to  lift  a:;  body    weighing   five    hundred[.  pounds, !  Suggestions. ���������    '  When price-a go down manufacturers do  their best to reduce cost of production  The dairyman must do thd same. How  cau it he done ?    In mapy ways.  If the dairy is Dot composed of- special  purpose cow������, either thoroughbred or  erades, do not lose any time in improving  it in that direction. , o ,    '*  If you are engagedsin butter producing  then get one oi the several kinds of dairy  breeds especially adapted to that branch  of dahyiug. ' * '  , We mean gel, some cows of such a breed,  or get. a male oi such a breed and grade up  your dairy herd in  that way. '  If you cannot a fiord lo buy a full grown  animal, get. n calf aud wait for him to  grow. Ii yoii cant do as you would, do  as you can.    At any rate make a start.  It is not the man who keepa the greatest number of cows, but the man wiio gets  the 'best results from those he does keep  that makes dairying pay-  Study breeds, methods, apparatus, re  quirsmentB of markets and customers, and  above all strive to make a good article,  and then put it, up iu attractive form.  Study tiie question of food and above all  use common sense in the matter of selecting same'for your dairy. linise as much  of it as you can iuVCuiul of buying it.'  There are many nice points, about dairy  ing, all tho way from the selection of the  herd to the marketing of tlie product, yet  none so nice or difficult but can be niasler-  ed by one who is interested, and anxious to  learn to the extenL of making thorough  application. Ii" you do not like dairying  and cinuni cultivate a liking for it the  sooner you {���������m nut of it the better.  The man who rnakea a aiudy of dairying  from beginning lo <-nd will be very likely  to ucquiru a liring tor tbe business even if  he does not have n at the beginning.  ItiHthe priuite .dairy butler producer  that standi* the ben chimco during the  prusentdow puces, ihis provided he makes  a good articJe. If he makes a poor  nrticlo tncieif i.o hope for him.  Tlie man who hie up for it und makes  his own butter, not. only saves the four  cents per pound i.diargod at the factory for  making, but. he has all the by-products at  hoini! and in tne best possible condition.  Trie by-pi ml nets in bullor making aie,  as every one kuowfl, skim-null; and buttermilk. Neither of liioi-e as leceived from  lhe factory feit.ns h rule satisfactory to the  patron. "���������  Remember ��������� now very dry it .was during  the summer ol ISfll, and how you wished  you had put in some kind of a soiling crop?  Resolve you will not bu caught in the same  way lhe pietini. teai'on. Of course wc all  hope it will not bo such dry weather this  year, but wo cannot tell. Even if you  should have no use for a soiling crop it will  be worth nil it may cost, to out and store  lor winter feeding.  If yon did not have such facilities for  furnishing your cow������ with water last summer, as yon uei'ded, do not fail to provide  tliein for the coin ing fiimmer.  It is vjt-ihince, thought, investigation,  application, paticnue, energy and persist-  enl work thai, uiiikes a success of dairying.  Dairying in w<;lI worth oue'a best efforts.  A SPANISH BULL-FIBIT,  AN     EASTER    SCENE    DESCRIBED  BY MRS. BURTON HARRISON.  It VT.-is Hideous. rnforKlv-.-ililc, mid linfor-  Ki-tlnhlc���������V������oi������<'ii Hide Their i:y<*K l������nr  ins the ItloodU--.! Porlloui���������Sreiics in  I lie  Kull-Kiiix.  The scene was au extraordinary realization of the old classic pictuie dreamed of  by every scholar of Roman history���������the  wide ellipse, the empty arena, the row  of expectant faces, the blue sky above.  Away to tiie left, the lovely old Arab tower  of the Giralda, with its filigree belfry and  the circling hawks and pigeons, soared to  'heaven���������the echo of its chimes, rung at  3 o'clock, having but just, died upon the  ear. The odour of fiowerB worn or carried  by the'women breathed of the south.       <,  Water sellers, crying "Agua, agua,  linipiay ' fria !" vendors of sweets and  oranges ;'newsboys with extras containing  the latest news of the performers ; sellers  of programmes���������divided by lines,within  which were to be regislorod the thrusts of  swords, the blows of spears, the wounds,  the falls���������lifted their 'voices above the din  of the crowd. - '  ,And at last the   thrilliii"   moment   had  i, i  arrived when.-the cliief municipal ofheer  hiving taken his seat where tho king sits  wliou there is one, the door opposite him  opened. The procession came into the  ring. It was a battalion of soldiers, preceded by,abaudof music. 'Following came  the picadors, mounted spearmen, who wore  broad felt bats and leather jackets and  trousers, their legs���������wilh- a precaution  handed down from classic times���������being  bandaged over iron greaves ; their spears,  16 feet in length, wrapped in tow till but  an inch of the point was left visible !  The chulos next. These wsre tho light  skirmishers of .the ring, ' youngsters in  training for higher feats.   Glittering with  GOLD AND COLOKS, i  their mission wis to fly'everywhere at once  to draw of the bull from an endangered toreador. DTrailing their gay cloaks, or  flaunting them before the bull's liorna, or  making springs of murvellous agility into  the air, they were the most picturesque  adjunct of the show. .    ,        <  After the chulos walked the darlinBB"of  the populace���������the three espadas, or killers  of the bull���������whose appearance was the  signal for shouts and cries of applause, encouragement, individual remark. The  hitherto quiet audience took fire at sight  of them. And lastly, El Tiro, the mulc-  teain, three abreast, covered with bells, embroidery, aud tassels, trailinc behind the  iron hook to lie used in dragging off the  slain bulls and horses.  Dazzling iu finery, they passed proudly  around the rinc, and under the president's  box stopped to salute. A trumpet sounded.  The alguaeil, a'little policeman smothered  beneath his hat and feathers and'black  velvet cloak, who brought'up the procession  and was a butt with the crowd, caught the  key of the bull's pen, thrown down to him  hy the president. This was an official  permission tor the sport to begin. -The pro-  ���������cession went out again, leaving in the ring  the picudois 'and a few cliuios. There was  a halt, when every, heart beat quick. The  doors ieading to the bull's quarters flew  open. Another pause, more exciting than  the first.  A LITTLE .IET IJI.aCK FELLOW   '  with sharp, horns, astonished rather than  resentful, trotted from his dark cell into  the ring, wondering why the sunshine was  so bright.  Perhaps this desert ot hot golden sand,  .with the palpitating multitude around it,  made him long lor his own green pasttue,  his own cool rivulet, in Uirer.iu where he  was bred. Rut at ouce every instinct was  meiged in a fury of self defence; for he was  set upon by the spear of a. picador, spurring a wretched horse  "    liMNPIOIiDED TO lUS TATE.  Upon the first act oi the natioual drama  of Spain, as now .seen at the headquarters  of bull-fighting, it were best to let fall a  curtain thick and dark. It is hideous,  unforgivable, unforgettable. No Anglo  Saxoii who loves the horse can look on it,  withoui. a tierce unpulte of championship  for helplead biutes, followed by one of  shame for himself for being there. The  women present, including au a mlo, the  better grade of Spaniards, hid tlieir eyes  behind f'ui.s, and sat in sick silence till the  cries of the audience arid the new sound of  the trumpet announced the carnage at an  end, The horrors they might have seen  during the ten opening minutes of the fight  were being dragged away by the jangling  muleteam, leaving, blood tracks behind  them. Men sprinkled fresh sand, the second  act was called.  And, at last, play was finished ; the bull,  gashed, pan tun;, desperate, had done his  best io make a Suvilleau "holiday. His  death-trump'-t was sounded. The espiida,  the man of doom, walked into the ring,  stopped under the president's box, and,  holding his sword upri(?ht,iiasliedhis three*  corueied plush cap upon the ground, ami  swore the bull-fighter's oath to do Ins duty  or die.  Then, with m'.ignilicent aplomb, smiling  amid the frantic applause oi the audience,ho  advanced lo meet his viol im, his band of  chnloH keeping back that he might win  glory single-hand ed. Again und again he  escaped death by a hair's breadth, Alone,  blade aloft, he templed the now raging hull  to charge, striving to get him in the  right attitude to receive the dualh-strolfe.  There was un interval of strained silence  in the multitude, broken now and then by  a grasp of relief or a cry of ciioouragenieiit.  They were not going to waste themselves  in expression, thono Spaniards, while such  good "work as that wis going on' in the  a*cna.  Face loface, man and brute stood, eyeing  each other, J t seemed impo������sihle that the  espxdii could get away. lie was at the  mercy of his toe. In vain the chulos rushed  forwaid and tried to divert the bull. The  bull's eyes were [dazing, he was dying by  inches, but he know what he wus about,  and meant to avergo himself His horns  were lowered ; the crowd uttored a deep,  long groan ; thoy were about to lose their  pride���������their darling���������when suddenly the  espada'a right arm made a fjuiek  movement ; his true sword plunged to its  lnlt- between thu bull's shoulder and  shoulder-blade ; the bull staggered, fell on  his kuesH, rolled ou his side���������dead !  WHALING IN HUDSON BAY.  Tlio.  Vankre-.   May Have   to   Keep Out   o  I'lioir. IV.-itrrs.  It looks as if a determined effrrt was  about, to be made by the Canadian authorities for excluding American whalers and  tradersfrom thehunting andfishinggrounda  of Hudson Ray, and from carrying on commerce with the Eskimos in the Arctic  regions of Canada. Dr. 'Schullz, who as-.  Lietitenant-Goyernor of Manitoba has the  administration of the affairs of Keewatin,  the immense district between Ontario and  Hudson Ray, has just issued a report calling the attention of the Federal Government  co what he calls the depredations of Ameri-  tan whalers in Hudson' Bay. He alleges  that without some control over the slaughter of the whale, the walrus, and tho  Canadian, seal the last of these creatures  will be destroyed in Hudson .Ray and contiguous waters.  lie quotes   from  Canadian experts that  after some years of continuous and  ������lmont  totul absence from their old hauntH, which  is attributed lo tiie persistence wilh which <  they have been hunted, these animals show  a disposition to resume their former feeding  grounds in the buy.     Ur. Schidiz BUggesu  that   some   effort' should be mude, if  the  power belongs to Canada, to limit the catch.  It   is  'understood   that   the   (j'licstiou   of  whether Canada has this power is now   being considered by tbe Department of  Justice at Ottawa, to which it has been' refer-  '  red by tho Minister of   Marine  and  Fisheries. ,  , ' '''  <   In addition to his complaint that Americans lay violent bauds on Canadian fisheries  Dr.'Schultz asserts   that  in   trading   with,  the Eskimos of tho far north they carry on  a barter with articles upon which no  duty  is paid, and furnish in trade,magazine rifles,  fixed'ammunition,  and   intoxicants,  thus  -violating   the   laws   and   defrauding   the  revenue department, arid materially reducing the trading  opeiaiions  carried  on   by  those who transport these goods from Mon-   ���������  treal'lo the Arctic circle and who have observed all the regulations regarding  traffic  with the Indiaus, as well iib paid duties on  these goods.    '  ^ i-,  TO, PREVENT   COLLISIONS AT SEA.  rU'Clricl'ius   < lalin   to   Have   Invented ������  .ll-i-iic.t Which Will do Thi*.  A New York electrician has' invented a  compass, which, if it will do all ho claims  for it, will{be of value to the mariners of  inland waters as well us to those who sail  the trackless salt wastes. It'will, ho says,  avert, all dangeis of collision between ships,  and he is trying to interest the uavy department in his device. Being an instrument for the good of mankind tho invoutor  will no doubt release all pecuniaiy claim to  it and make it free to the world.  The compass is about two and one-half  inches in diametor and three inches high.  Underneath the needle is a strip'i,f metal.  Underneath tho face of the compass is %  saucer in which a chemical is placed. The  whole is connected electrically wilh an ������u-  larged horseshoe magnet,. leu feet long,  made of soft iron bars. The poles of .the  magnet, are connected by wire with the ship's  dynamo, thus giving the electrical power.  The moment u ship enters the magnetic  field'of the vessel which carries this'com-  paBs, .which the invoutor says he.calculates ���������  at six miles, the needle of the compass.;'*-*  directed m the direction of the ship, rIn  turning it passes over the metal plate on  the face, and as it docs so, it closes an electric circuit which sctB alarm bells ringing, -  telling of the approach of tho other vessel.  " I was on the steamer La  Gascoguc six  years ago," said he, looking at the compaa*  "Suddenly I noticed the noodle shake aud  turn half way around.    Tho oaplain point-    .  ed   to   a   steamer   four  miles off.    ' That ���������  .steamer,' said lie, 'is loaded with steel rails  or   canned   goods.    It   has   deflected our  needle by magnetic nttruction.'    That  set  me to thinking,'and my   mag'uet ia the result." I experimented in tho bay two weeks"*  ago with the magnet and it worked perfectly.    I shall soon   experiment on some craft  furnished by the-navy department;"  "Caution Marks the Guarded Way.'  Lady of the Housa���������Vou can earn your  dinner if you will chop that heap of firewood. ' ,       '. ���������..*'���������   c  Rcggar���������Um���������what is tlie menu?  THE   LARGEST RIVER.     ,  ('-tllitilliill >Jc������li������Klsts iYll of nn  I'lioi-ntuil  ri-e-Kl.-iciiil  River.  The largest river of any age of which  here is any uvidence in the worid, according to a remarkable geological discovery  reported to the Royal Society of Canada  at its late meeting at Ottawa, was a grea^  pie-glacial river in northern Canada. Dr.  Robert Uell, who produced scieutijc evidence of the cotreotuess of his' discovery,  pointed out that it was genetally admitted  by geologists that the continent of North  America immediately before the glacial  period stood'at a much .higher elevation  than lit the present time, umoiuuing to,  perhaps, between two and three thousand  feet. The inevitable result ot this muse  have been to change tho river sysiems  from what they now are, and to create in  the north a gigantic river draining au area  of over one-third oi the entire continent  of Xorth America and forming a drainage  bauiii seven times as large as that of the  St.  Lawrence.  The central portion of the great river  was in tho middle of what is now Hudson  Hay, iih proved by the existing depressions  of land in the north of Canada and the  great depth oi tbe centre of Hudson R.iy.  Its lower part discharged thiough what is  now Hudson Straits into Kavis Stunts. It  is also maintained that the upper half of  the St. Lawrence b-isiu, both in pre-glaoi.il  times and'also at a later geological period,  discharged its waters northward hy way  of what ia now Hudson Ray. It is nsserti-d  that this constituted one of thu main  branches of this great northern river. Other  large branches were the present Saskatchewan, the Nelson River, which rises wubI  of the Rocky mountains, tho Churchill,  largely augmented by the icveriiil or some  of the upper rivers of the M.iekeii/.ie b.isin,  and great tributary streams that came  down the present Churchill inlst, Fox  Channel, ,and Unyava Ray, any ono of  wliich must have fully equalled in size the  Mississippi of our own day.  ;  A Vengeful Lover.  Friend���������Well, your old love hao married  your rival, I see.  Discarded Suitor (fiendishly)���������S'death 1  I've got even with him ! They will quarrel  tho first week, fight tho second, and  separate forever in the third.  Friend���������Great snakes ! What have you  done ?  Discarded Suitor���������I presented  the bride  with one of   those   littlo    fluffy,, '���������cd-ey-  Biiarling, barking pot dogs.  r  >'  r--ra ^���������pp  AEs*H'/l*:aft������-tZ \ge ;.
'i.ivc you *-oen those prot,ty piints at
-.".r.i rsi'-r's.
.'vitCii*-; IVat-oii left Thursday wilh
iii- I'iick ti-.iin for French Creek. *���'
*'ir. .1 ohn Grunt arrived in town
. c-iterduy fiom Ulecillowat't iiiul tins
31. spit- .Leaf mine.
.('oroui'i- Manuel returned from the
-outh on the Lytton, .-ind went c;i-,t to,
{>mald yesterday morning;.
La forme started Thursday morning
"���-i!li hi-'pack train of ]."> load-, ami 3
-;i,Idles, for JJi^ Hend.
Jli1! .1. M. JCellie, M.T.R, left this
I'lnrnintf for llli-cilloivaet and Hear
Ladies, -those ijS.OO duek suits at
t'iuirsiei'\ are neat, eool and coin-
���-,i-l,-i I ile.
There are seven raneliers now located
��� i'i Galena ljay.cle.-n inic up,l heir lands.
!'iiev have sbine crops in, inostlv vegu-
Mi. .1. L>. .Silihald took steainei' for
'he Siocan dist'i-icL la-t Saturday, and
���vill --pend a v.-eek pr more among the
���.liining; camp--:.
Service will ho held at lhe Preshyte-
��� ���iaii (Jliureh to-morrow evening; at 7.vl()
ii.m. hy Mr. Gulhrie Perry. Sunday
-icltool at 2. ,
Services will he held in the Mcthodi-,t
('hiii'ch liy Hev. .(.A. Wood, to-mor-
io\v (Siindav) morniiitf and evening, at
10:'"0 and 7:.'-i0. .Sundav School as usual
A .-.treak of very rich ore has been
.struck'in tiie, Badsbot, assaying_-lOOO
ounces silver to 1 he ton.. This claim is
on the south ]<7ork of the Lardeau. on
Gainer Creek, and, is owned hy the
Johnston and 'Camphell party.' The'
rich streak of ore is S inohe**, wide and
will average 209 'ounces 'silver. 'The
owners have 5 tons of ore on the dump,
and intend shipping a carload, having
. already arranged for theii ore saclcs
and transportation.
A gang of men has begun development work on a, group of claims situated on the North Foik of Lardeau
Creek���the White Owl, Plata Piince
���and Silver Tip���owned by a Revelstoke
'company. , ���    ���
R. Tapping has presented the Mail
a, sample of new potatoes Irom his own"
.garden, the first in maiket this season.
, Thuy are of good , growl h and fine
<juaiity, and he is prepared to supply
the market for them.'
O. 13. 'Williams, of tlie Consolation
mine on French Creek, returned from
his two months vacation last .Monday.
Ile went (o his "native place near
Detroit, and greatly enjoyed' the visit.
. i He left again for French Creek on
Fiid.iy.    ���
The Methodist Sunday School Picnic',
on nonunion Day, will' be held near
the Illeeillewaet'bridge on the Mill
' road, instead of behind tin- church as
belore announced. 'Biisse.-, will run.
The grounds have heen put, in ��� fiye
order foi- eroijuet and other siiiiftui*
jraine's. ,    , ��� sassr*"*
���    The Fire Hall is to be removed, from
its present site on Benson street Lo the,
���.ioi, across   Front    street   between   the
printing oiTice and Wall Cheng's ('hina
���store.    Mr. W. -Cowan,   chairman   oi*
tiie committee, asks for lemleis. which
were'to be opened at noon to-day, "too
late to announce the result, (his week.
K. Freemantle.   of   Donald,   and   S.
Hammond,nf Revelstoke, B.(J., arrived
on   the   steainei   Friday.     Mr.   Free-
mantle,   who   is   an   inielligent.   (iue-
appe.iring   gentleman,    has   taken     a
homestead on Deep creek,   just   above
, -Mayer's fall-,, and lias already  erected
a cabin and taken his housho'ld   elfects
to it.���Xoi'thport A'i'ics. 20th.
Mr.Frank C.Loring,i\Iining Engineer,
of   Spokane,     accompanied     by   Mr.-.
, Luring and daughter,   arrived   on   the
Lylton Sunday evening,   going   south
again.on the return trip, Monday evening.    They go back   by   way   of   Rossland, .Mr. Loring being   secretary   and J
manager of   the Josie  Mining  Co..   in j
which he and his friends   own   a   con-!
trolling inteiest. ' ,
rt is repotted that .1. Jvii kup.irovern- -
nieiit oilicial at Kos-rland. has issued   ,r!
jn oclaniatinii   against    tlie    gambling \
iiotises of that  town.    It   is   also   said,;
th.it. he'took two men out  of   a   place,"
who had commilted''snmo idl'eiice,   (ine
in each hand, and when they begun to
-'chew the lag,"' lie bumped (heir he.-ids
logether.    The boys down   theie   will
discover Kirkup's size hefore long.
Ben. C. McCurd (���.���line from the west
Thin-flay morning and left for the
Slov..i:i on (he ne\t -teamer. lie will
be leinenibei ed w hile the   smeller  wa-
' tmilei lon-ti tinirui, a*-  its   watchman,
andeaihei a-, i'uri-ln.in Ioi the   go'.ein-
i.K'iit on (he ti .ill up the North Foik of
the I Ile< illew.u't from Albert   C.in>on
He li is -ince been m South Afrit.i
Tin."    Ladle-,'    Aid    Society     oi     the
, Met liodi^L Chinch will hold a sti.iw-
bei i \ le-tival mi Wednesday t-jt ening.
Jul\ .'-Jul. on the baseball gi omuls.
I'u-I, "-I i ui hei i tes and cie.un, ife
eie.iii, and idhei i el'i eihieents will he
seiie.l ni.stime aftei seven oilork
p ii. .No iid.im ��� ion fee, A eutdial
in\ ilatio'i i- extended to .ill.
H.iin li-ll i"\i I'-MM-ly la1*-1    week,   end
i Ik' Cnhllilhl.l   Was highel   til.il)    .it    ,I1IV
pii \ ions 111, ic this -cisnn. but w it li the
<li.Hl/i   o!  I lie mi, on (   line , i    (hl'llTe    ;.i
I ,���<��� w e.itlii ', ,'ni'l it h.is been ( M 11 lie '\
Slater's boots and shoes for men and     Thev Want Big* Bend Placer Ground.
women at Coursier's. "       '
Doug.-ild   McFachern   and  John Le-
The water in the Columbia river has
risen fast this,week, and it is' now
within about J feet of its extreme bight,
last year. The Illeeillewaet river is
very high, and the log'jam at (he
Thirteenth'crossing has been swept
out. A watchman has been placed on
guard at the new wagon load bridge
across the Illeeillewaet.
We intended giving a full account of
the closing exercises of the public,
school,'which took place yesterday,
and regret being unable to do so this
week, as we are""going to press earlier
than usual. .Mr. lK XV. Laing, the
teacher, will leave tor Ontario on Monday morning's train, hut expects to
return and resume his position in school
after vacation.
Presbyterian Ladies' Sale of Art Work
and En'tertainment.
, The Birthday Party and Sale of
Work in PeteiJ-on's Hall, on Monday
afternoon and evening, hy the Ladies'
Aid of the'Presbyt(;rian church, was
in all respects successful. The display
of work was good and attractive, the
attendance all that could be desired,
and the programme varied aud interesting.
The orchestra brought back memories
of past days, when its,appearance was
more ,frequent. The four selections
were all' well rendeied and icceived
with applause. Dining (he iule,-
mission, Mr. F. Fiaser auctioned oil" a
iHimber'of articles iii his humorous
way, keeping the audience in good
spirits, while the young ladies kept
them supplied with strawberries���for a'
consideration. ' . ' ��� ,
The closing event of the evening was
a laughable pantonine entitled "The
Farmer's Daughter," which formed a
pleasing wind-np. The paitiripants
were Mrs, Coursier, Miss L. Rdwards
Messrs. Stead,/Shaw,' F. Lewis and
Laiiig." "With one exception,the singers
were those well known to a Revel-toke
audience.    Mrs. Dent   made, her   fit si.
it ���        '
-appearance and displayed a rich alto
voice, which, it is to be hoped, will he
heard on similar occasions in , the
future. The programme was as follows:
Opening March, Orchestia:���Messrs.
Stead, Alilin and Coursier.  ,
Quartette.���Mrs. Couisier, .Mrs.Dent,
Messrs. Ahlin'and Barber.
' Recitation'.���Miss .Maggie Lew i-.
Solo.���Mi. G. I3arl>W\
Recitatimi.���Miss May Fdwards.
Overt nret���-Orchestra!
Club Swinging.���Misses R. and
Valentine, 15. Lewis, and Messr-. R
Lewis and G. Noithey.
',,' INTERMISSION.,..        ' (������
Orchestra. < ,  ,
' Solo and Quartette.���'Mrs ('oi.ii'.sier,
Mr.s. Dent,"' Messrs. Coursier anil
Biirbe'r. -  ,
Reading.���IMr. F. "W. Lning.
Recitation.���Mis�� M. b'dvards.
Solo.���.Mrs. Coursier.
Oichestra, Pantomime'  and    refresh-
men Is. ��� ' '
tendre have applied to the Gold Commissioner for one-half mile of placer
ground, next above the Little Falls
claim, to be known us*, the Boston
claim. A
Wm. JTealey and .T. I"). While give
notice of an application for one-half
mile of placet ground on Camp Cieek
two miles from its mouth, at the
upper end of Box Canyon, to be known
as the Imperial claim.
D. P. Gillespie, J. Foley, T. L. Haig,
J.l. Wood row and F. B. Wells giv,.
notice ,that they will apply for a lease
of one-half mile of placer ground on
Smith Creek, next to (he Park claim,
to be worked as creek diggings and
known as the Golden claim'.
Private advices received fioni'liie
Lai*d'-*au this week are uf the most, encouraging character. .Air. Smith, who
on the. Sable Creek group, is more than
pleased wilh the outlook. Their latest
assay (probably a picked -ample) <.>i\-(*s
$51 in gold, 10'.) O'/.. silver.' \H\ per'cenl.
copper and .bismuth. This group has
been acquired by Geo. J). Scott in the
intere'-ts of a Montreal "syndicate. ' At,
present they ai e engaged in cutting a
trail op Sable Cieek to connect wilh
(he Fish Creek trail, which thegovei n-
inenthas completed ( hat far. The gov-
eminent ti.-nl gang, with Mr. Vickers
as foreman, are now ai. work on the
Poole Creek I rail.
A note from Burton Cil.y, dated June
���i:>. .states thai, J.'1 13. McDonald had
arrived from Cariboo Creek where he
had been prospecting for (fix weeks,
'and where he made a location oi'free
.milling gold rock. Jle speaks verv
highly of'the-place; says it is-much,
the same, as Trail ,Creek.' He slarle.d
this morning for the L.irdeuu to do'his
assessment work.    - <- ���
We Celebrate Dominion3 Day.
It was at lasL decided by some of the
public spirited cilizen-- of Revelstoke,
(bar Dominion Day should not pass
without ;t celebration tliat should
manifest the patriotism or the town.
A" committee was appointed and a
subscript ion list, circulated,and a liberal
amount obtained, which will ho distributed in prize- to the winners in the
vai-ion-^events.    The<-e will consist of
Trap and Ride Shooting.
Athletic 0.lines,
Horse Pacing.
Foot Il.ieiuer,   ,    ���
, * .
Tug of War between  tlie    Upper
a sitting ol the Cuunt.v Conn, will
b" holden at, Revel.stoLe," B.C., on
Friday, tlie 2ed day of August, A.I").
1S')i3, at 10 o'clock in the Iiutiiooh.
P-egisfrai' County Court.' '
Revel-toke, .lune 2'Uh. I St"). -12-5t
\\,r     \i-    I / iV-J.livnrn --
NEL30.'-',"3. C.
Lardeau &Slosan i'rospcets Wanted.
'*- Ai'rov/   Lako.
| *s  iiou    0]m"ii    ,il   tlns- ���   Celebrated    Hot,
1     Springs fi,i* 11) ��� ,u i*(,:ni;irul,i!ii)ii   iilnui*-ls.
Rates S1.30 to S2 50 a ilny.   2at5is 23 cents
cacti or five for $1.   Special i i;es  to  r.iiuiliet,
o;* by ill.1 iiiuiilii ���_.isi In ,*i:lauded.
,   Da .vson, Cratldocli: & Co.
{ NVOXK WAXTLVtJ ,\\'0!1K done
/- *��� liy team will have it promptly
atli'iided to by leaving their orders al
the .Stockholm House. ���    ,
; ol \\ ar netween   the    Lp(iet' , ,-   -  , ,-*. , rj. . r     All pu-un- ,uc li.-ioliy
and Lower Town. etc. j j    A J ��  j   | { S |V|     w.muil .-lur.unsi   l-n*.-
:h decided upon.'i! a late hi mi'.  !   Uf��U   \   h\>�� I ��      ."��' cilin'roi L .vi, mili'^
Althoilgll (lecilleU Uf
�� we have no doubt that Revelstok.- will
1 show its patriotic .-pint: <md pi\��verbnii
; love of manly sport, and tliat tiie eehj-
! brat ion will he worth -laying ar home
to s(>^,.if n,)( to t Lke part in a- ,, c,n-
' te-Lant t'i,r the pri/."���-.
��� ii^.i.e-l     nie    mu*    lor
SI'*I ,n,<i l!,i.* d'Iiii foi -',';, ;i, i n \i\ ni,1 lo
C,A,i r*t <j.*, -'n r. liri'iK i\ Vcinun, Jl.C'., -i- ihcy
v.-i n- oiitniii'.Jl ftiF'ii ni1"1 '*���, fr-iuiiuient tviu'cs' n
I.r-,,-1-     ' ' '.U'l'i-uiV.  J'.OCftlCi:.
,   Tr.-U  :^iU ' <',n   .liiir  nili   IM",.
Canada Thistle Pest.
Tlie crop of f' in,ida ! hist'"- ,- ,\ an, d !
one tins sea-tm/the w er .veatlni ia*, ot-u
mg   th*-ii   giowth.   rind   they   ne   p^t ,
re,id_\    to    bin���(,m      Theie   I-     ,    | ,i(i h
behind    tile    fi'-      hall,     fun-    ne.o     Ini'
-l<  Unci   lauding   at    the   -���ni-pi-i, ,mi|
allot lift      a!ii|l'^-ele      tin        in nl       Ili'lil"
goto    Rr TAPPING.
v ARTICLES of every- ilesepiption.
Uh-aV oBr Jfc�� nju idi <��
-tore   In    I
ji imi'-   -I ni /-.
dull n    it   me (
I.i    IA
and   it
Ic.f ll
I'-li   'I'i idi i.f
i.lllflll    in   !n
1 JI   *I f *    1-   IH
u i,u|i!   ,i hi ! |e
lint 111 I l.i in I* ilinina; thi- il.iv I line,
liital uitrbi ih" n,nl ,nr creeps i|i,un
)n in i'u1 moi,m.mis.  giiiii1^*   i (-si    and
sleep. Mn-ipiilos .ii e -i ai i f h -.( e|I a-
"\ I I.    Till'-e il tin  -pi-1 id  I In    hot   IM   I, hi I
1ii-ii. will Iiiii! mines i,| (iniilmi and
In alt h, as u < II a*- of ]ii ei a a is m i ii iu.i Is.
.Mi. .1, I). Sibbald f,'ol b.K k fiom the
loui r cniml i \ rI bin "dav cvinmi!. Ife
vvenl lo'lhiee I'm Us and iios-ed In
Kaslo bv -t.itfi . Hi lound lhe touns
lather dull, bill the ennt i at lots .ire
I ii-lniipf ( on-I nn I inn fin lhe K i-,'o ii 'id
SIik .in laiiway. 'I'll' y ( hum I la v ha v i
a I hoiis.iiiu in, n at vmu'*-., and I h il I hi
load will lie ready fo r.irry oie in tlnee
inonlh-. II so, it would seem thai the
(' I*. It. w ill have to get a ���'move on"
or lose the bu-Jness.
Mes-rs. fi. \V. N/'stf He and James
.M( ('i eary an ived down fiom FicihIi
<;reek 'Tuesday noon, and look tin
I lam tor l'*.m ha veti. \Vash., the saini
im iniitr, Mr. Mr Ci en ry is fi.'nt on net
ol lhe < Vinsolat ion mine, and Air
.\i"lc!l( i" a s(o( kholder in, and tin
iji.-iij.i-^f i of. the jjcllintfh.im li.iv ll.\-
diaiiliL        jMimn^       Oi. Ilvdiaubf
in.it iii11f i v h.is not    v (-1   been    l-ioui/-!,:
in. and ��� in   twuk -r> l.'ir has been on sf l.v   ���
Joi  pi living !l,(    i;ioimil      'I Jut-   *.|iiiii*-
Ilia'  tlirieis   2'|l    ieel    nf    pi-,    ^i.i'il
,il���i\ e b< ih ni k. and    last    v. i ��� I,     \: alfi
���     i c
law i i-mi-i llmtr   n
|)lllll|i     Spl> ll     ind     li.i*   ll      |e   ile    do     I      .1
siil>-t li ed. lor la ,i ' t
\   l i'^ol Oils p.ll,  h  ol     (  ,111 111,|     till f |( -
fl ow itiu iiimi   f .ni ���'     Iri'iii'i,     11 'i,i'
nl i'.'inal ( ' I'.If      -i  limn      hi-    Inn      I -
(.111 el   r ill   slwilt   ll\   some     |(l\ ( |     (| 1|   -
< 111111 n v,
A ,i  ll tied
Highest    Jlniioi-s  - World's    I air
,'sou on Hand
pharwasy. ��� Trail Creek Mines,
Wlimnj; Droker ar"J I Colomb.a Avenue,
���,   ' i>\ ���     !     Mi'i'n-1 ilt  'i| i     Financial Agent, l       Rossland,  B.C.
���,..^-.���-�����_��� ...��������,������,��,���. I1-il Vi ntil ini |i i pi ma. Ini"" ill   in Hi'   \i(,k"
'  "  '*!  ' i   r��'''  f l   i >'   '   . ' i ,' . ni \\ ii  I  i.',   ui,l l,i  l.'oi inln -     I'iii-ii ilni-
'''   ' ' i*'' l<>'i i:, mil  -  ii iini     \i,'i,i i-ni nili p.ni nnd
\^^,\"    in nl' llillliili       l'l      \1   l!^,U    nf    (III
(   iiiiji        \ 1 I    I11I..1  i.'INMnlli    *s| I'll  I I **,   C()N
/ ,1)1      III
KUhD'3 !OI3ll L!NE;i ;,'37��
Jn nil
h\;< y.
IA   Re,'i'l ir
1   H,   C>,S
e i      i
'n'tr.'' I,'c.
Mining and Real Estate Broker and G-eneral Commission Agent.
nupre&ciii.ilivc of the Koolenay Smelling & Trading- Syndicate.
'li    S"1 Ii   I I.OM
All Ea-.ti^rn Pi'ints.
A pure Grape Ck rn cf I"irf1r iv. vd t    Tree
from Ammonii, Alum or ,my ofhir.i lnltei mf.
fl\M T OTiT". TV A Pa'PLKT1* V',t ,i
frornK ifK-,if ���m! ,-ri lic'u-t r,',n, r,n -vrMf If,
,*i t \ V ,%.- ( <i . vii'i I, e/" I, ,rj ni -fly vil 1 vi ur r
Pfpnrlinif In fli�� , il'iif l,,iiiri< ��� f ,irn,ii'ir,k \~
I111111 lur 11/",ii",|i nl'il. A <liinilti��������iU nt In-
f'irir if lo 1 < oik ' 1 ri iu I'u Icif-i ninl l,r, v Ir, u ,
li'in th',in ri" 11! friii \N, i f iilnl'ifciiii ol fi,'/l,in,.
I( il  mil r< i"nfil,r I ',',1 i .< ilfru
I'llniN   I il'cn   II11011/I1    Mimn  V Co   \nt\vi,
lyri, il 111,11��, 11, tl,,, ~>,,, n 1,|,r Am, 1,, ���,,,  11,, 1
IIiiim    1    liri-'ihl   -��� nil 1/ l,< I in 11 11 r, i|,i ,      ii,
en   <     f   I'i "I"      iv * ill 01      1 mi -,|,J, ndl'l i
I -IH '1   ���   '    ',       I 1   Hill,   I'll  II il'il 11,   1 v o,, Mu,
III!    I I       |l   1     I     ,,        1        l'l,'      f |l(   I,,   ii,,,
v 01 ,1.   -1. ;   1 , ''     1 1 ' 11
Jiiilii' 11/        m,i,,      11   -    -    0 -,  i,
'fiii-iii -.')i I 11
-IC   [, n���' ' 'i'    I
' illi'ihl 1 '1 hi.-i
( iiiiui - li 1 [ill,/ ('111    .mil IVmri-iI
,-'   I'mil. M'iriLii nl,nut loiiiiiin
r 11
I     |,r.
1   in 111 ,11
li, .
I   .
He Also Handles
Ancl Other Articles too Numerous to Mention


Citation Scheme:


Citations by CSL (citeproc-js)

Usage Statistics



Customize your widget with the following options, then copy and paste the code below into the HTML of your page to embed this item in your website.
                            <div id="ubcOpenCollectionsWidgetDisplay">
                            <script id="ubcOpenCollectionsWidget"
                            async >
IIIF logo Our image viewer uses the IIIF 2.0 standard. To load this item in other compatible viewers, use this url:


Related Items