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The Independent May 11, 1901

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 ^^^^e^t^^t  >  JVEW YORK LIFE INSURANCE CO  tt  The oldest nnd largest International company in the world.  Supervised by 82 governments.  fred Cockburn - District Mgr.  Flack Block, Vancouver.  OTTAWA FIRE INSURANCE CO  Authorized Capital ��� 11,600,000  Subscribed Capital - - 600,000  Government Deposit ���       81,000  H. J. Moorhouse,  General Agent for B. C. and Alberta,  30 and 31 Flack Block, Vancouver.  VOL. 3.  VANCOUVER, B.C., SATURDAY, MAY 11, 1901.  NO. 7.  OTTAWA LETTER.  n a    [Specially Wruton for Tim iNUEi-rMirMT.]  Ottawa, April. SO 1901.  Wo sometimes   grumble   about tho  weather out on the coast, and listening  to tho ordinary giowler one would Imagine that we had the worst climate ln  Canada,  but Ottawa this spring1 has  made a record for Itself ln that direction.   One member  told me not Ions  ago   that  the  people   had   not   seeni  the -sun In his district foi- twenty-three  days, and for the  last  month  or so  the sunshine has been about as scarce  as gold   nuggets.     Wind,   rain, hail,  snow, have ��� followed each other with  wondeiful exactness, and as you pulled  up the blind each morning, only to be  greeted with  the same old miserable  weather, many a time B. c. was desired.   However, as the saying1 Is, Everything comes to him that waits;   and  now w-e have a clear sky, bright sunshine, green grass, and natuie Is only  waiting lor some warmth to give us  buds, leaves  and flowers.   Last week  we had some very Interesting debates  .  on old themes.   I mentioned In my last  how the opposition went for Mr. Tarte  over'daiy labor.   Some of these honorable gentlemen never know when they  are beaten in argument, and they come  at It again.   Of course, there Is what  can be called an aoademlc debate over  the question  "contract or day labor."  But it Is from a political point of view  refreshing to get the opposition on record as opposing the Introduction  of  the ���principle of day labor, and in favor of tlie contractor and his political  methods.   Looking over a copy of the  annual   report  of - the  department of  x public printing and stationery, I came  across the following:  "Drawbadks of the Contract System.  ���The former queen's printer (Col.  Chamberlln) In his ieport of _8S5,.sum-  med up the results of the contract  flystem, as follows: The evils which  have made themselves apparent Jn the  contract* system Tor"public printing in  Canada (some, or all of which crop up  in the execution of the state printing  among our neighbors) are: 1. The tendering, under stress of competition, at  prices not remunerative for really good  work or material. 2. The consequent  constant endeavor, almost always attended with some success, i to* secure  the acceptance of Inferior_work. 3. The  attempt, In order to execute the work  cheaply, to do it with insufficient plant  or labor or both, leading to delays in  the public service. 4. The attempt by  Indirect methods,, to make unprofitable  work profitable; or to keep down or  keep back portions of work which are  .unprofitable and secure a greater portion of that which Js profitable."  Now what was true of the contract  system in I8S5 ln connection with public printing Is true of public woiflcs.  Not only was this the opinion of a  former queen's pi inter but one of the  committees of the house repoited ais  follows:  "No government contractor can have  the interests of the government at  Tieart, but is woridng nil his might and  main Jn the contrary direction to make  'the most he can of his contract���knowing full well, he has, while his contract  lasts to recoup himself for the large  capital Invested in his working plant,  not being certain he will be awarded  the next contract."  Any man who knows anything at all  about~th~e~que?tIoh 1 oco5rril=9s tltp-truth?  contained in that report. It I" notor-.  ious that during the reign of the eon-  senvitlve nr!v tint almost .all the  great scandals -associated with them  aro~p from si'prjcod public contract*.!  and it lis idmltted, because it has been  proved, that millions of the people's  money were wasted In trying to satisfy  1lio��e who had contracts from tho government. Tlie evils of the contract  syteni rm: First, either tenileieis  nlyivp or b~low rpi��omb|p pricon imv  linvo tendered low. TOt the contrail,  and then got their fine work In nn the  extras. Others tendered liIsrli. because  friends got the contract. In both cases  provision wns made thnt "o'much was  to bo paid back to the parly /for political purposes. Thus the people wore  literally robbed, In the Interests of  the contractor and tho party, nnd there  Is hardly a public work hut whnt has  cost fur moro than it would have cost  because of these reasons. During the  reign of the contract system how did  the working man fare' Here ngaln  you touch a sore spot. The contractor,  as the committee reported, cannot have  the Interests of the government at  heart, because while his contract lasts  he has not ony to recoup himself for  his expenditure, but he wants to make  the most out of tho contract that he  possibly cun, and in order to do this he  has to get at the wages or the men  whom he employs.   As he looks at lt,  tho less he pays out, tho more he will  have for himself.   Hence the history of  the contract system is a cruel record  of injustice to the laboring man.   We  had   cheap  labor,  cheap  food,   cheap  comforts, and cheap men.   Oftentimes  the working man was cheated out of  his just rights, and for him there was  no  redress.   To  those who  know the  nwful conditions1'which prevailed, the  legislation of the liberal government on  this question must ever be regarded as  of the greatest Impoitance to the working men, .for overy contractor  must  figure, not on how cheap he can do the  work, but on what he has to pay���yea,  must pay, to the men whom he employs.   Not only are the wages of the  laborers  guaranteed,   but    his    living  wage, the wage adopted by himself, is  guaranteed���so that he gets out of it  his fair share of life.   The change between now and then Is like the change  between day and night.   Yet the tories,  Judging them by their carping, croaking criticisms, -would like to land'the  working man back again to these disgraceful conditions.   I will not discuss  just now tlie question of the  quality  of the work likely to be characteristic  of both systems, but if the contractor  has   no   Intel est    to  guard  saive  his  own, nnd if all his desire is to make as  as 'much money as he can out of his  contract, then there can be no doubt  but  that day labor will put out  the  best work.   Along side of this I place  a neat* crisp speech of the minister of  public works, which shows that both  his mind and his heart are in the right  place.   He says:  "I am prepared to settle lt with the  hon. gentleman now; but, he will let  me settle my difficulties with this side  of the house.   No man of sound business   experience   will   say   that'work  cannot be successfully carried out by  day labor.   What 'does ��� the-corTtraotor-  do, after all?' He gets a contract from  my department or any other, and he  engages day labor for the work.   Why,  then, should not the officers of a well-  conducted department be able to carry  out the work just as well as the foreman or the contractor?   I cannot understand the doctrine that is laid down  here.   It simply means that no minister can iflnd good foremen or good officers.   There  is  no  sense  In  that.   I  feel as able to find good foremen ns  Mr.  Davis or Mr.  Onderdortk.  or any  other contractor in the world.   I have  no objection to asking for tenders when  the public interest requires it.   It gives  me a great deal less trouble.   When a  contract is awarded, I appoint an Inspector of the worlks, and I am through  with it���that Is.'when the contractor Is  a good man.   But when the contractor  Is an incapable man, and a man who  has no means, I am not sure at all.  My experience since I 'have been in office has convinced me that tho system  of the lowest tenderer,  as it Is practised  In  this country, is a dangerous  one.   If we did what ds done In France,  in   England,  and  ln   Germany���asked  for tenders from a list of selected competent men���I would go in every time  for the lowest tender; but,  when an  incompetent man, a man who has no  means,   amd  who  does  not Iknow  his  business,   gets  a  contract   bv  public  tender,  he   puts   you  in   deep  water  mon_~tlran~you~may -suppose. Sucih  contnetors do not pan,- thPir m��n  they  f'o not pov for what thev buy, tliev  do no go on promptly nnd frapldly with  lihe work. cOf course, there ore good  contractors, but thf-re aro sko a lot of  rontractom   who   tender  low  because  Ihey expect that If they get the con-  tr��ct something will turn up."  England's Decadence.  Just now we rend a lot about this,  especially    In  Amprlcan    newspapers,  nnd one would think, listening ~vpii to  lory  -peakprs,   Hint  oven   such  would  not bo n. dlsuinepiblp ron-ummnlion to  them.   In uplto of opposition mock professions of loyalty free trade Englnnd  I.s not loved hy them, for any llttlo bit  of gossip goes to show thnt England Is  not holding her own Is magnified Into  nn Item of great Importance.   Tt is noticeable just lo see how England ht��r-  >^>lf looks at her present situation.   T  taike   tho   following  from   ono  of  the  journals published In the old country:  "The  prolongation  of the  war is  a  calamity all  the moro mortifying because, as we believe, entirely avoidable  had our ministers shown foresight and  a persistent determination in their prosecution of the war; but the England  that In the llscal year Just closed realised a revenuo of ��13U,3&1,GS4 has no  need on that account to turn upside  down the fiscal system that has served her well for half a century.   Tho  growth of American and German industrialism is great, but Britain's export of manufactured and partly man-  utactured articles is," for all that,  JC1  more per head of the population thnn  it was seven years ago, and Is to-day  ��5 Us. 7d. as compared with the per  en.olta  export  o-f  ��1  l"s.   2d.   for  tho  United States and Germany together.  Hero are no evidences of industrial decadence, and these are not the figures  to warrant any upheaVal of triPd and  accepted national method..   Tariffs are  nt best a poor support for the Industrialism of any country; only unpar-  ralleled natural resources have enabled  the United States to bear ithe burden  which McKInleyism has imposed upon  the community at large for the benefit  of special Industries and the creation of  the  wealth-surfeited    Carnegies,   and  Koakefellers of to-day.   We have no  such  unlimited   natural   resources  to  repair our follies, and we   can . exist  without  Carnegies  and    Rockefellers.  Sir Michael Hicks-Beach has not, happily,  to meet an industrial crisis; he  has to devise expedients to tide over  an exceptional expenditure not likely  to lecui.   The alien methods of protection are beyond the needs of the case,  and there Is no occasion to set up a  rystcm  in  this  country which  must,  when the preent 'Strain is passed, take  from the rockets of ithe consumer revenues beyond our national needs, and  set up at St. Stephen's the emulation  In extravagance and the tariff lobbying  which mark each session of Congress  ait Washington,  and  the    jostling of  trade with trade for special favors at  the expense of the nation.   That way  lles industrial Inflation and a state of  political   rottenness  from    which   we  may pray to lie delivered."  There is no sign in this- of England's  decadence. Nay, the very opposite Is  proved, and it shows that tho doctrine  of protection Is as muoh disliked as  everlffgratid"bid Eng]and_*~She*_mows  a, good thing when she has It, and  has proved It.  (MFCTiiM MR free  TRADE.  The Labor Bureau.  When the estimates for this new department weie before the house,  the  opposition   seized   the  opportunity  of  maiklng an attack all round on everybody  and  everything  connected  with  this department.   The only conclusion  possible after such criticism is that If  the  conservatives  had  their  way the  department would not be in existence.  It may not be known, in fact I did not  know It myself, that the tories passed  a bill for establishing a labor bureau  in ISflO, fought elections on what they  had done for the woflklng men, and for  some mysterious reason, possiblv the  manufacturers, the bureau was never  established, nothing was done, though  the  party remained in power nearly  six years after they had passed the  measure.   That 'is ithe way the toiies  looked after labor Interests.   What a  difference between a conservative and  a   liberal   administration.   Tlie)  latter  passed their bill and at once carried  it.out.   This year the government is  asking an increased vote, so as to make  the  bureau  more  effective.   No  sane  man���and tory party men are not sane  men���has any doubts about the good  work done.   In Burrard alone, so far as  I ihave been informed,  thanks to the  tact, judgment,  and    energy    of Mr.  Bfemner.~more~monev~has~bopn~s.aved  through his effort- alone  to  promote  "Cif-  and  hitniony than _s expended-  by the government.   The conservatives  found fault with   appointing   cor.es-  pondenl.s  and  paying    them  a small  moiety for their services.   Thoy tiled  to make out, because a. man wns n  liberal, that It was Impossible for him  to be fair and just In h.!~ statements  They  made a '.sav.age  attack on  our  good friend, Mr. O'Donoughuo, but he  had plenty of frlPiuls  to come to his  rescue.   Tho  delvito  wis  a  miserable  specimen of tory rancor, and  when  It  goes abroad, it should open the eyes of  the working men of Canada.   Mr. I'uttee spoke well, as did also D. C. Fia-  sor. PHIZ.  CARPENTERS  MEET.  The Amalgamated Society of Carpenters and Joiners held a.special summoned meeting on Tuesday evening  last to appoint regular delegates to the  Building Trades council. Bios. Wise  and Trumfell were duly elected. There  was several new members made, and  it is the hope of the branch that every  carpenter in tho city will join'one or  other of the carpenters' unions.  In 1820 the merchants ot that period  declared in a petition that the maxim  of buying In tho cheapest market and  of selling In the dearest, which regulates every meachant in his individual  deillngs,  Is strictly applicable as the  best rule for the trade of the whole  nation,   and   ln time,   after a,   great  "t.uggle, free trade became tho established policy of England.   There   were  many things which oame about that  helped  to mike free trade immensely  Dopular���with those at least with whom  money or Increase ot wealth was the  chief consideration      Machinery   was  Introduced almost without limit.     The  mechanical genius of the nation awoke,  ���ind did many wondrous things, while  tlie new tieatles removed or modified  hostile    tariffs.    Geld   discoveries    in  America and Australia raised   prices,  and started colonisation   Changes, vast  changes,  took  place���'railways, steamship services, post and telegraphs. Newmarkets were opened, and everything  went with a swing and a go, so that  the natural prosperity leached a point  never   leached   before.   The   belief   in  competition,  which  had    been rudely  shaken  by  the  brilliant band  of   socialists, now recovered its lost ground,  and had undistuibed possession of the  public mind for many years    Let us  studv lt for a little. 'As we have said  before, competition is a battle���it's a  fight.   To compete Is to strive for a  victory of  one ikind  or another.      In  commercial warfare, the various com-  batauts engaged are the retailers, the  wholesale merchants, the manufacturers, and the working classes.   The success of a manufacturer depends upon  what he can sell his goods for, and the  aim is to undersell, and thus overcome  overy  other   manufacturer.   While  it  may be said that the ��� consumer gets  the boneflt-.of this wanv.yet the blow  fills as a rule upon the men employed.  Cheap goods means cheap labor,  and  cheap  labor  means  reduced   scale   of  living, by means of which the laborer  deteriorates  mentally,  physically and  morally.   Except in cases to-day where  manufacturers have a patent on a proprietary article,   there   Is  scarcely    a  living profit in trade, for the profit is  cut down  to the finest point.     Now  certain results follow, which have become marked, and shakes one's confidence in competition as a commercial  nostrum or cure-all.   AVe have competition, but every one irecognises  that  it is a cut-throat competition.   In other  words,  each one is  trying to  cut  the  throat of ihis competitor/and, as a consequence,  the effect upon  trade morally  Is  most disastrous.   The  London  Times, December 19, lS9i; said:   "There  is a great consensus of   authority   In  support of the belief that trade is apt  to develop somewhat unscrupulous cupidity."   Sir Edward Fry, an ex-judge  of the court of appeal, ln a letter to  the   same  ipaper,   September  12,   1S96,  wrote:   "If one enquires whether the  morality exercised  in  the conduot of  business In this .country Is satisfactory  or not, and answers this question from  the sources of information open to the  public,  I  fear  thait  the  answer must  be in the negative."   He gave as ax-  amples, adulteration, the infringement  of trade marks,  the perpetual strain  of~rlvnls_by-Rome~dei\*ice~or~otlier-to  get   the   benefit   of the reputitlon   of  fom.   other  nic'rpr or firm,  frauds  in  iin'r'PT goods appear better or other  than th"y Are. and bribery by conimts-  -lons���all   the"   thing?  are  known  to  "xlst. and all to get the upper hand in  trade, perhaps tho most honest trade".  Anv rystem which depends for Its ti I-  uijsp'in  unon   ��uch  nefir'ous  m"lh~ds.  and which degenerates those who live  In  it, and  hv  It,  cannot  In   the  very  naliiro of things be the best possible  system    There .ire things of more value lo a nation Hun monf-y, for when  the character ot a nation Is demoinl-  |sod. then If Ihe nation Is to be .nwil  the system must be destroyed.  Under competition again, machinery  plays an iinpniUnt pnit, because If It  In to he successful, the cost of production >must be lowered to tho lowest possible notch Hence, the demnnd for  machinery, which means a constant  waste by the destruction of capital previously Invested, and the throwing out  of employment the skilled artisans. Tn  trade the consideration isTiot so much  to supply tho demand, but as the individual is guided by self-interest alone  he enters into competition by reducing  prices, ln order to take away from some  other   what   he   has been   producing.  This produces    over-production,    and  over-production  produces    stagnation,  with the usual    results   of   reducing  wages, and throning; a large number  of employees out of employment.    This  brings us now to that part In the history of competition when the principle  begins to become unworkable and when  new methods are adopted in order to  maintain the Tight.   So lonsr as profits  wero good- the system was workable,  but when for various reasons profits  were reduced to a minimum, then the  Individual   had  to change  his  course.  In a business where there Is only u  small profit to be obtained, It is necessary to increase the turnover, and that  requires  more capital.   Then the  new  machine, y, with new processes of manufacture, also increased the demand for  more capital.   Without this new machinery, these now processes,  the Increased output, and the capital, many  felt  that'the   straggle    was    useless  against those who had all.   Now, appear what one called joint stock companies,   wherein   Individuals    amalgamate, join hands, join businesses.   And  out of  these unions large businesses  were created, which'gave the individual  capitalist a hard run.   The adoption of this system Increased the spirit  of speculation, largely on account of  the easy way In which they could be  formed.   We nave a place made  now  for the company promoters���an individual not unknown to British Columbia.  From  the passing of  the  Companies'  act in 1862 up to the end of 1897, C1,S7S  companies were registeiod with a gross  capital of ?5,2G1,000,000, and out of these  only 23.72S were at work in 1S97.   That  was serious enough, but more serious  still   were   the     defrauders     and   the  frauds  which  became  manifest.     So  patent  had 'these become    that    the  Board of Trade report    of 1S93 says:  "The general conclusion to which an  Impartial   observation'   of   the   facts  necesseuly lead us Is that under  the  Companies' acts a' wide field has been  opened up for the. .prosecution of objects of a more or less fraudulent character,- and ^we might add that some of.  the biggest frauds ever seen have been  these company promoters."   Well then,  another 'step   was  necessary,   that  is,  combinations, which is again antagonistic to all the principles laid down in  the competitive system.   The manufacturer now alms through strong combinations, with other manufacturers to  maintain a profit in the business.   In  ti ades, such as grocers and bakere, you  read of meetings being held at which  the prices are fixed at which they will  sell.   Unrestricted  competition  is  now-  judged to be a failure, and it is concluded that It is not wise but ruinous  to allow the individual to do as he likes  for his own self Interest.   In large interests   there  are  associations   which  i egularly try to ifix both the prices and  the output in order    to get a profit  which could  not be got if each was  allowed to do what seemed best in his  own eyes.   There are also alliances between masters and men.   Profit is calculated upon; a sliding scale of wages  is adopted, and union labor is guaranteed.   The  natural  ending of all  this  Is the appeal ance through combination  of  what  are  called  huge  trusts,  and  far-reaching monopolies.   One has only  to  read   a   prospectus   of any one of  those great concerns to see that these  combinations are foimed as a protest  against and as a protection from unhealthy   and    excessive    competition.  The   Textile   -Mercury    in   1S99   said.  FAVORS   DAY  LABOR.  In the house of commons at Ottawa  recently, Mr. Mclsaac, M. P., spoke as  follows:  It is amusing to me to hear hon. gentlemen on the other side of the house  whining and lecturing the government  and hon. members on this side of the  house,   because  the  government    are  doing in some coses, not In as many  cases as  they    should,  I  tldnk,  just  what hon. gentlemen opposite were doing foi   eighteen  years.   Surely,   they  should have more  manliness than  to  whine day after day in this house because the government give a preference, when all things are equal, to their  friends.   On this question of day labor  I do not hesitate to say that In nearly  all  cases,  of course,  except in  large  contracts, In the interest of the department,  In  the Jnterest of  the government, In the Interest of the public, and  In tlie Jnterest of the laboring classes  of this community, the system   of day  labor is very much preferable to that of  tender and contract.   The contractors  of this country aio smart men; their  chief idea, when they get a contract,  is   to  make  as  large  an  amount  of  money out of It as possible.   No one  can   find   fault  with   them     for that.  They get their contraot, and then they  try to get their materials as cheaply as  they can.   They get the cheapest and  most  inferior  materials  that  can  be    '  furnished for public works, and when  they have secured them they will employ the laboring men of the country,'  they \i 111 give them starvation wages,  and grind them down to the very low- ^  est figures.   What protection have the  government?   All the government can  do is to appoint a supervisor or foreman   to  watch   the  contractor.      The  foreman ln any locality, under present conditions, cannot be a better man  than the overseer, or clerk of wor-ks.  or foremen that the minister selPcts to  oversee work done under day's labor,  and he Is usually the best man to be ,   .  got in the community.   Take a work  costing t">,000 and have it done by a  contraotbr, hove thc^same^woijk' done  under a competent oveiseer or "'foreman* by days' labor, and   when    that *  woilk  Is finished  lt will  be  worth  25  '.Steadily, although at a rate fai less  rapid than In the States, amalg.imition  of kindred concerns is going on within  our own bordeis, and there is nothing  to prevent, but, _o far, much to encourage further unification of indus-  tri.il''lnterests " I have given you in  a nutshell the rise and full of competition, the beginning and the end o;' th ���  individualistic theoiy of counnoicc  Under the patronage of the politic _1  economists tills system came in with  a groat flourish of trumpets tl was  going to regenerate Industrial life, conditions were f.ivorable, It ran Its  course, but to-day in free trade England and In protective United States  the same Issue Is seen, Llie s.ime goal  has been reached, and that Is, tree  competition is dead, nnd the Individual  Is being merged in wli.il Ih called soulless corporations. What these will do  remains to bo seen, but T would not bf  "inpiised thai in due time through  state Intel-Terence the life of socialism  will be enbreathed into all industrial  lire, and when tlie inleiests of the people, a.nd not the interests of monopolies, will be the dominant factor In all  legislation and In all Industrial effort.  1 * . ^*  -      ' ��        PHIZ.  per cent, more to the government than  if it were finished by a contractor, and  the laborer will get fair wages'.   Under  the day labor system1 men are hired  by  the  government,   or  the  foreman  who Is acting for a resident engineer,  and ho will give every man a fair wage  whorls engaged for this work.   If you  give the work to a contractor, he will  ;o anywhere to get a man who will  work cheaply and he will provide inferior  material.   The   government  get  very poor -value from ithe contractor.  Take,  for"'instance,    the    question "of  frauds on the government; if you Ioolc  over the history of the public works  in this country for the last twenty-flve  or thirty years, you will find that In  eveiy case where the department has  been cheated or any fraud has been  committed on  the government, it has  been    done  through a contractor,    or  through a contract given os a result of  tendei.   In every case where work Is  done by, day's labor, you will ifind that  an honest man undertakes to carry out  the instructions of a resident engineer,   .  and  in cases, although It may cost a '  little  more,  the government will  get.  better value,  so  that, in every case,  In  the interest of the government,  in'  tho interest of the public, and In the  inteicst-ot-the-laboring  men  of-this ���  rount-y,  the system of dny'- "labor is  i good one.   In every case in the mter-  r-ts of the publ'c,  In the interests of  the  government,  and  In   the  Interests  of the laboring men of thl<- country. I  say   the   system   of  da>'s   labor  is   a  good one. ,j  'L  n  m  i1 *> ���  nrer  I  NOTICE.  To Those In the Building Trades-  It hn-s been resolved by the Vnncouvcr Building Trades Council that th"  working card system shall go Into effect on June 1st ncNt. Experience has  demonstrated the fact thnt It is necessary to bring about a closer amalgamation of the workcis for the betterment  of tholr condition, seeing that tho  trades are now being invaded by cheap  Orientals nnd to n large exteiA brother foieignois to the detriment of all  concerned. We therefore tender all  those outside the unions a hearty welcome to become members without further peisuasion. It is a duty all honorable tradesmen owe to themselves  and their craft to be in the union!  A. J. MORTIMORE,.'  ,  Sec. V. B. T. C.  Vancouver, May 3, 1901.  111  w  '"'li  ���m  ��� /���&p_  v*. *������>-*���*>..���  ' .v.  K'^'iY  ��� ���.'S-"K\  **c^  i i  *���v', -  ��** i  "* 'X i$pf  f,-fe?.f  --rat  fill  r }���<���*   ���>������.  J TIIE INDEPENDENT.  SATURDAY MAY 11, 1901  THE INDEPENDENT.  3BO. BARTLEY .  HARRY COWAN ,    Editor  . Business Manager  PUBLISHED   WEEKLY   IN   THE   INTEREST   OF   ORGANISED  LABOR  RY  THE INDEPENDENT PRINTING COMPANY.  AT   H*   HOMER   STREET,   VANCOUVER,   B.  C.  contract work for the public will be a  thing of the past.  SUBSCRIPTIONS IN ADVANCE.  A week, 6 cents  months, 33 cents;  one year, $1.23.  month, 15 cent8; threo  six months, 65 ccntB;  ENDORSED BY THE TRADES AND  LA'BOR COUNCIL, AND THE VANCOUVER LABOR PARTY.  SATURDAY  .MAY 11, 1901  ' NEW CENTURY LOGIC.  "I WOULD NOT BE SURPRISED  THAT IN DUE TIME THROUGH  STATE INTERFERENCE THE LIFE  OF SOCIALISM WILL BE EN-  BREATHED INTO ALL INDUSTRIAL LIFE, AND WHEN THE INTERESTS OF MONOPOLIES WILL BE  THE DOMINANT FACTOR IN ALL  LEGISLATION AND IN ALL INDUSTRIAL EFFORT." Read Phiz in another column on "Competition Under  Free Trade."  Beginning with its special May day  Issue, the paper heretofore known as  the People, and published nt IS I William street, New York, In the Interest! of the Social-Democratic party,  nppenrs under the new title of the  Worker. The change was considered  utlvlsnble because of the confusion arising from the fact that there Is another paper, the People, published,  whloh devotes Itself to bitter attacks  upon the S. D. P. mid upon the labor  movement in general. The editorial  position of the Worker will continue  unchanged In advocating the principles  or socialism and the S. D. P.. and holding fraternal relations with the trade  union movement. The paper with a  new name is the best of Its class published.  CONTRACTORS VS. PEOPLE.  A correspondent holds that the city  council ought to have an Injunction  served on it to prevent it further  squandering the city's money. At Monday night's session it was admitted  that the city had been paying $2 more  for a thousand feet of lumber than  any contractor of the city. Vancouver's civic board thereby was helping  the lumber mills to keep their Mongolian laborers agoing. If this is a  fact, and it is believed to bo so without  a shadow ot a doubt, it looks as if the  lumber mills hereabouts are combined  to make the city pay more for its material than the contractors. The letter of the Trades nnd Labor Council  should have been treated with a dignity  more becoming the learned city solons  than it was. We remember when a few-  years ago a petition re the mortgage  tax was thrown out by the great legis  lative body at Victoria, alleged  being discourteous, by a notorious :  who plundered the province right  i��rt It remained, however, for a new*  admlnlstartion to grant the prayer or  that petition, and 'it too will remain  for a new council at the city hall lo  purchase lumber for the city at a proper price. Roughly speaking, the city  several hundreds of  it should in this  thinking  citizens  will  It Is refreshing to observe the presence of Manager Bunt-en, of the B. C.  Electric Railway, at the head of an  evening's entertainment given by his  employees. Mr. Bunt-en is idolized by  his men. not particularly for any special , favors shown, but by his most  impartial and Just treatment of those  under him, whom, one and all, he  treats as men. Other large employers of  labor hereabouts in this regard would  do well to emulate our good citizen, Mr.  Buntzen.  Wo congratulate the Rossland Industrial World, an up-to-date labor  weekly, on its departure to the field of  dallies. Hereafter lt will be known as  the Rossland Evening World. Labor  publications are forging to the front,  and why shouldn't they? For every  capitalist organ there should be two  labor.  Pay up your subsurlptlon to the Independent. It dtoes not cost you much  and you should not hesitate about giving your support readily to a labor paper.  We at least have one public man in  Vancouver who is worthy the name of  friend b.v the fishermen. The way Geo.  cause speaks for itself.  GOOD WAGES.  OS  ians  and  must  haive  paid  : dollars   more   than  manner.   Right  have  ; $2 a  than  con-  by  ??. resent  this.   The  city   council    board  -should be composed of practical men,  : ���"���,.: which no doubt it would be if it were  ?'! not for the old century money quali-  *-ficaiion, "the    principle    of   which   is  -dearer to moss backs than brains.   The  people   in   general   would   never  ���known that the city was paying  .'.thousand  more  for lumber  'y tractors if Aid. Cook, a contractor  ' ' the way. with  a reputation for em-  v ploying  Chinese cheap labor, had not  '.'happened  to be on  the council board  .'���''(���"and   stated   the   fact.   Of    course    he  ? thought he was scoring a point for contract work, .is against day labor, when  ..."���he   made  it,  or   else  he  would  never  ' have "squealed."   The Trades and La-  . bor council has on many occasions ad-  r^vocated-da>���labor-oii-clt.v_work_.aiL  ', against  contract.   The  delegates comprising that long-cstnbllshed body are  ?;   nearly all working for contractors, and  should know, if any one knows, which  ? Is best  for  the  city���day  or  contract  ���.'"; work.   From  a wide  experience  these  working men know nil about contnit  work.   On  tlie other hand  thoy  know  that day labor  is  not scamped  when  .properly  supervised  hy  the  city.    Hut  :*;ho\v can  it be a success fin.inclally If  ."the city council In all Its dcillngs ndopl  -���the Mime lax system as it does in buying  lumber.   Tho spectacle of thu utter  lack of buslncess capacity of  th<>  ..nldermen  Is  lo  be  regretted,  and   Hi.*  outspoken condemnation ot the Trades  nnd Labor council  is deserving.   It is  , the  rotten  governments  all  over   the  world Hint drive men to organtr.e labor  ���associations,  and  it Is-they wlio have  a right to speak and  criticize, and  if  they don't, it only shows tlieir weakness in a slaive-ndden community,   if  the same, excessive prices for material  ���used   in   building   the   new   east   end  ?school were .paid as the city pays for  its lumber, is it any wonder that the  cost   of    production     by    day   labor  ���amounted to    more    than a contract  '...'���price.   People have their eyes open to  '/-these facts and know the obstacles the  ?day labor system runs against, and it  ;will only be but a very few years when  Is It profitable from an employer's  standpoint to pay good wages? Is it  just and right'.' The assertion is continually being made by some employers  of labor, especially in British Columbia,  that they cannot afford to pay good  wages, therefore they are compelled to  employ alien labor. Last week T showed how this worked out and how fallacious was tlieir statement. Good  wages is profitable financially and fair,  honorable, generous treatment of em-  olcyees always results in success.  Every company or firm that has fought  its workingmen has learned that it  does not pay. It no only involves a  lo~s of money, but creates a bad feeling and leads -to a general feeling of  distrust. Let our employers of laboi  try better wages and more honorable  treatment and tho result will be more  than satisfactory. This is proved from  the experience recorded by the Baltimore Manufacturers' Record, which  says:  "No man Is big enough to succeed  in making a great -success of any large  company unless ho surrounds himself  with _rood men and treats his employees of all grades as thinking human  beings, entitlde to proper credit and  proper pay for the work. In olden  days the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad  was run on Hie opposite basis, and you  could -c.arcely find .a man in Its' em-  nlov that did not hate the road. Despite^ the good management of later  years, it has not yet fully got over  t.'>e ilnmatre of its former system. The"  nrignificent success ot the Pennsylvania railroad Is not only duo to the ability of its executive officers, but to the  unswerving devotion of its employees,  fiom the lowest to the highest.  "The rwimp tiling Is illustrated 111 the  "t/inilii'-d Oil Company. The _ truly  marvelous business ability of the hipii  who hive created that glint company  li-.-' been displayed not only in tho  -'���-'ulliiv h.vi'l of Mr. Rockefeller and  hi' Imnip'llntp associates, but In their  '-���.���"���"I liis|_rhi in llmllng good iripn Tor  i-v.-ry Important position, nnd in m.ilt-  ln:r these moil, as well ns their lnbnr-  "i-���. lake n -Strom; personal Interest In  the company'- advancement. It has  prion been ."aid that no man of ability  and energy ami correct life once piii-  pln"pd !>'��� tlie lati- Mr. Anrinur need  eveiy ask advancement .>l��"where. I>p-  '���aui'c Mr. Armour was willing to pay  thi" most magnificent salaries for men  who wero worth them, and that every  man In his employ could command  mm him the utmost value of his Eer-  -ices."  These are facts.  SOUTHERN CROSS.  CONDENSED DESPATCHES.  Gerhard  Dryssen,  Swedish  Minister  of Marine, has resigned.   He was appointed on October 21st, 189S.  The Pope has confirmed the appointment of Father O'Connell, Rector of the  American College at Rome, as Bishop  of Portland, Me.  Wiley Miller, of Rockfleld, 111., fatally  shot his sweetheart, Bertha Tiiumom.,  nnd then committed suicide. The two  hud quarreled. Both parties came of  excellent families.  The Fort Wayne Belt & Terminal  Company, with a capltiU stock of $1,-  000,000, hns been organized to build a  belt line of steam railroad, with a terminal spur around the city.  The Annual Convention of the National Association of Street Railway  Employees Is ln session at Buffalo.  President XV. H. Mahon, of Detroit,  presides. Over forty delegates are  seated.  Cornelius Vanderbiit has Just Joined  the ranks of dealers ln high-class real  estn/te. He has Just been elected a Director ln the New York Realty Corporation, which was Incorporated last  week.  An official circular has been issued,  notifying the members of the Diplomatic Corps at Constantinople that in  future only distinguished visitors, accompanied by a diplomat will be admitted to the Selamik.  Officials of the Elgin National Watch  Company, whose Chicago ofllces are at  G08 Monroe Street, declare that they do  not know anything of the details concerning a proposed consolidation of the  different watch companies.  The British battleship Warsplte, with  Admiral Bickford aboard, has arrived  at San Diego from Acapulco. This is  the first American port at which the  Admiral hns touched since he took  charge of the Pacific Squadron.  Arenezuela is placing important orders for war material with German  firms, says the Berlin correspondent of  ti-e Lnndon "Dally Mall," and inviting  Herr Krupp and others to> tender for a  supply of cruisers, torpedo boats and  the like.  A second body of the Rosenfeld children was recovered from the liver today at the St. Paul boom. The body  was that of William Rosenfeld. There  now remain to be recovered the bodies  nf Miry Rosenfeld, aged 5, and the ba-  bv. Samuel.  The transport Egbert, which has arrived at San Francisco from the Philippines, will be detained in quarantine  for a week or more a soldier hawing  died of smallpox during the voyage.  The cabin passengers, however, will be  fumigated and allowed to land to-day.  Ho Yow, Chinese Consul-General at  San Francisco, replying to inquiries by  H. H. North, United States Commissioner of Immigration, estimates that  there are 35,000 Chinese in California;  in San Francisco, 15,000; employed in  laundry business ln California, 6,000;  in San Francisco, 1,000.  The White Star line steamer Oceanic,  which is to sail from Liverpool to-day  for New York, will have among her  passengers, Sir Charles Rivers Wilson,  President of the Grand Trunk Railroad  and Vice-Admiral Sir Cyprian A.  Bridge, formerly Commander-in-Chief  on  the Australian  Station.  Three Things of  Importance  Price, Quality and  Assortment  Enter moro largely into the  art of buying than anything  else. If the Price is right,  the Quality good, ami the assortment complete, buying is  easy. That's what makes  buying goods easy here. The  past year has been a busy one  for us; this year wo want to  excel oven our past efforts, to  make this store the headquarters of Dry Goods, Fashion and Economy We  want to make it so pleasant  and economical for you to  trade with us that you'll not  want to go any place else.  We shall strive to give you  the best we can for your  money and we shall do exactly as we advertise.  J 70 Cordova, Cor. Cambie.  If you want a really good rye whisky  nt it low price, our 50c rye is it. Gold  Seal Liquor Company, 74(1 Pender street.  A. M.-TYMM*  WHOLESALE AND RETAIL DEALER IN  Fish, Game, Fruit, and  vegetables.  112 Cordova St.  'Phone 442  o<Tintrii/ art.  of Wellington nre offering opportunities for investment that cannot be  t.urpiif_ed.  ii The WEST COAST Oil. AND MINING COMPANY, ol Seattle, in the  mvnur ol l,o00 Hcres of approved OIL I.AND-i ln Jefferson county, W'anh-  ,   CJaplwl htock, 1,000,000 Blinres, jmr vulue f 1,  fully pnld and non  tlbH'BSIllile. ,-  Machinery hag been ordered nnd nclive work will soon be started.  Few Bhares left at 12% cents; when sold prico will ndvnnco to 35c.  Fieid Johnson Agent, Wood & Reed,  417 Cordova St. * 7  Managers for B. C.  EGGS f OK SALE  for Setting, $ 1.50 for 5 3  BLACK lANGSttANS  Stock took First Priio'at 1000 Poultry  Show at Vnncouvor.  Brockton point  Lighthouse.  W. D. Jones  The best Cough Cure is "BIG 4"  have you tried it ?  Hotels.  The  Cigar and Tobacco Store  46 CORDOVA STREET.  We make a specialty of Union-made Cigars and  Tobaccos, consequently we always give good satisfaction.    Your patronage solicited.  8.  Union Hats, Union Made Overalls, Jumpers and Suspendes,  also a first class Tailoring Department, where only Uuion  Labor is employed.  We guarantee a perfect fit or no sale.  . . MAKES A SrRCIALTY OP . .'  o    oewar's special lit, also ���,  o    usner's biqgk LaDei Liqueur wnr^cy  -LARGE STOCK OF���  IMPORTED AND DOMESTIC  .Cigars.  R. B. Mulligan. <fe Co., Props'-  Coiner Cordova and cXrrall.  Arlington Hotel  Cordova St. West.  Headquarters for the engineering trade  In Vancouvor.  CHOICEST�������>-  Liquors and Cigars  '    First-class rooms from 50 cents up.    ,  ROBT. HUNTLY,   -   -   PROP  The"  Try a bottle of Eiscn I'ort, tlie sun-  fchine of California, 30c bottle, at Gold  Seal Liquor Co., 740 Pender street.  The rate for classified advertisements Is  ono cent a word, but no ad. will be Inserted tor Jess tlian 23 cents.  The Standard Canadian Pianos  IHE GERARD HEINTZMAN,  IHE BELL, THE HERCOIBE  The Stnniliird English Instruments  IHE BROADffOOD, IHE BRIUD,  IHE GOLLARD 8 GOLLARD.  .All ibe ubovu nt  BOULT'S   MUSIC   STORE,  540 Granville Street, Opposite P. 0.  All Mu-iictil Supplies.  TELEPHONE 702.  100 CORDOVA STREET.  TEL.  Best  945  .ICE Cl  ������������        ...IN QUANTITY  Wc deliver Ice Cream lo any part of  tho city carefully packed in "ice. It  will keep in excellent condition fur  hours. Large orders should be given  us the day before and we will quote  special rates on Mine. Any quantity  from a quart for the liomeup 1o gallons for Picnics, Excursons, fa., will  havo our best attention..  Baker and  Confectioner,  113 Hustings Street. - Telephone 807.  | :n GEO, HAY   :'J  The uniformity of our work has  caused the PIONEER LAUNDRY to be  considered as the STANDARD for excellence In Laundi-y Work.  This has brought Into use such expressions as: "JUST AS GOOD AS  TIIE PIONEER," Etc.  In order that you may be sure you  are getting -the "STANDARD" and not  the imitation, see to it that your parcel  5003 to the PIONEER LAUNDRY.  Our drivers wear 'uniforms and our  wagons are dark red.  Sevmour Streeet,  THEATRE  Sa:i Kxsbitt Mnnngcr.  Thing in the Market  Solid Copper Tea and Coffee Pots  Tea Kettles in all Sizes  (XluL-lo I'luteil.  These goods will last a life time.  Xoseourini: lo keep clean  Always looic bright  R. G. BUCHANAN & CO.  Crockery <iui_ lloiisefurnishings,  I0G niul  -IDS V/oLtniinstcr Avenue, Yuntouvcr  mm  Gold Seal Canadian Rvo is Seagram's  Grand Old Rye. Only, 50c bottle. Gold  Seal Liquor Company.  iai'ris and Stearns  AUSmCS  EBSCYCLES- ALLPRICIS  KLNDALL'S, 328 Cordova St.  The hest phice In 1!. C. to huve your  Dlcycle repiilreil.  NOTICE.  We are again offering a Scholarship  free for tuition and books to the student  of Public Schools of Vancouvor passing  into the High School at the earning examination with tbe highest marks In Reading, Writing, Spelling, Grammar, Composition and Arithmetic.  For conditions apply to tho Pjrinclpalj  of the Schools or the undersigned.  The Il.IU.Vogcl Commercial College:  Viiiiconvui's    I'loueer    Clothes      4&  Itcnovti.or, innkes il tuft iu-iv.  ���   ^  ^_Dyeing _a_i(LRepairing..J��  210 cam iii k Sr., vakcouveb.        >v  -g?  D. Jr. STEWART, P~o_\  Phone 340.      910 to 914 Richards St.  THE .INDEPENDENT  $1.25 a Year.  RICHARD AND. RELYEA  Acrobatic Marvels  CARBERRY and STANTON  sketch nrtists  DULC1E SISTERS  duellists  BUCHANAN & WHITE  ~^i1@USE-PASNTESea-=���  725 Hastings St.      Union Labor Only  *TgO3OOGO3OaJWOO3lJC3O*2De---C__-Q033aa3O333O3O^  6a  -"-      Brink Empire Ceylon Tea.  oo  oo  on  (39  oa  u_��  ne  oo  ens  ab  so  no  no  oo  oo  nS  oo  gs  CO  oo  P.  O.  Box M7.  Vancouver, B. C.  froin the  IY  Ihe Cheapest, Moat SSeiiabSe and  Ify-to-Date -SSBSMTSSS in tbe City  TTB-BOR ���SPEG3ALT-E��r"~:E--^  Use Empire Baking Powder  H The Citu Grocery Company,  QO  oflOOBfflcgofflfflccqecoaac&OflGecefflfflflccennccc-QeEcaa  oaoojeoaccsocoeooaooeootteceooesooooodsceeoeaai  The Wonderful Chcah Grocers.  ���V-STHINSTCg AVENUE. ���    '  *./  (Il  ('  il  eec  ioas  secenooc  iooocoei  igiSSSSS!  eeoaose  ���OQCCOOE  ��� "~"!?.Uik. ' '~~T~~?~~ ��~4  SATURDAY MAY 11, 1901  THE INDEPENDENT.  Union Directory.  ���VANCOUVER TRADES AND LABOR  Council, President, Jos. Dixon; vice-  president, John Crow; secretary, J. C.  Marshall, P. O. Box 159; financial Bocre-  ~tary, XV. 3, Beer; treasurer, J. Pearey;  statistician, Q. White; sergeant-at-arms,  -C. J. Salter. Parliamentary committee���  ��� Chairman, John Pearey; secretary, J.  Morton. Meeting���First and third Friday  ln each month, at 7.30 p. m., ln Union  i Hall, cor. Dunsmulr and Homer streets.  TEXADA MINERS' UNION, No. 113, W.  ,F. M., meets every Saturday at 7.30 p.m.  lu Foi esters' hall, Van Anda. President,  ' li. Altken; vice-president, C. A. Mclvlllo;  secretary, A. Kiiper. Van Anda, B. C.;  ircnaurer, H. V. Price; conductor, P.  Burt; warden, John Unklatcr.   COOKS, WAITERS AND WAITttDSSES'  Union. Local No. 3S. President, Chns.  Over; vice-president, W. W. Nelson; recording secretary, Jas. H. Perkins; financial secretaiy, R. J. Loundos; trensur-  'er, Wm. Ellendcr. Meeting every Friday  at 8 30 p. m. ln Union Hall, corner Homer  and Dunsmulr streets.  VANCOU'R TYPOGRAPHICAL UNION,  No 226 meet  the last Sunday ln each  .month  at   Union  hall.   President,  C.   S.  Oii-ipUcll;  vice-president,    George  Wlloy;  secretary, S.  J. Gothard, P.  O.  box C3j  treasurer,   XV,   Brand;   sergeant-at-arms.  Andrew Stuart; executive committee, E.  L.  WooilTuff,  S.  It.  ItoW), 3. H.  Browne  N. Williams; delegates to Trades nnd  lZ___bor council, J. C. Marshall, Robt. Todd,  J.  H.  llrowne.  "BOX" SOCIAL,  STREET RAILWAY MEN'S UNION-  Meets second and fourth Wednesday  of  ��ach month, In Sutherland Hall, corner  Westminster avenue and Hastings street  at 8 p. m. President, G. Dickie; vice-pre-  jddent,  C. Bennett; secretary,     A.     G.  Perry; treasurer, H. Vanderwalker; con-  .duetor, G. Lenfesty; warden, J. Marshall;  sentinel, F. C. O'Brien; delegates to  -Trades and LnJbor Council: John Pearey,  Jas. Barton, Geo. Lenfesty, G. Dickie and  J. Howes.  UNITED BROTHERHOOD OF CARPENTERS and Joiners���Meets every second and fourth Thursday In Union Hall,  room No. 3   President, Wm. F. McKen-  ���zle,  467   Ninth    avenue;    vice-president,  .Hugh Wilson: recording secretary, A. E.  Coflln, 730 Nelson street; flnanolal secre-  itary, H. S Falconer; treasurer, George  Walker; conductor, Jas Ferguson; warden, Jos. Dixon; delegates to T. and L.  .council, Jos. Dixon, Robt Macpherson,  H. Wilson.  "THE PACIFIC COAST SHINGLE  WEAVERS' UNION meets overy third  Sunday In eaoh month at 3 p. m. ln Union hall, corner -Duiissjulr and Homer  streets. J. Stoney. vice-president; R. J.  Neary, secretary, Cedar Cove, P. O., Van-  ".couver. Visiting brethren invited to attend.    'INTERNATIONAL, ASSOCIATION OF  'MACHINISTS���Beaver Lodge, No. 182-  Meots (second and fourth Wednesday ln  '.each month   In Union   Ball.   President,  Wm. Beer; corresponding secrotary, E  ���Thrmins, 726 Hamilton   stTeet; financial  secretary, J. H. MoVety, 1211 Seymour  ^street.  JOURENYMEN TAILORS' UNION OF  AMERICA, No. 178���Meets alternate  Mondays In room 1, Union Hall. Presl-  Jlent, F. Williams; vice-president, Miss  ���Graham; recording secretary, H. O. Bur-  rttt, financial secretary, Tremaine Best,  treasurer, C E. Neilson; sergeant-at-  arms, J. Daoust.  -THE   VANCOUVER    LABOR   PARTY  meets every second nml fourth Wednes  day in each month ln Union Hall    Presi-  .dent,  Geo. Bartley;    first vlee.prcsulent.  -Geo   Wilby; second vice-president   T. H.  ��� Cross recording secretary, L. D. Taylor;  i financial secretary, John Pearey; statistician, H  Williamson.  VANCOUVER FISHERMEN'S UNION,  No. 2 Meets in Labor Hall, Homer  jStrect, every first and third Saturday ln  each month at S p. m. Ernest Burn, piesl-  -dent: Chas. Durham, secretary, S-17 Harris street.  JOUUNEYMI--" BAKERS' AND CONFECTIONERS' INTERNA'L Union of  America, Local, No. _G, Vancouver, B. C.  Picsldent, Jas. Wobster; x Ice-president,  R. F McDonald, recording secietary,  ���Wm H Barnes; corresponding secretary.  F. Bawling. d'O Granville street, 100m 10;  financial secretary, C. J. Salter, -113 Powell  street, treasurer, XV. Wood; master-at-  arms, F. Moyles; delegates to Trades and  Labor Council, C. J. Salter and F. Raw-  lim..  BROTHERHOOD OF PAINTERS AND  DELORATOKS, Local Union No. 33S.  Meets every Tliuisday In Labor hall. Preceptor, XV. Davis, president, W. Pavler;  -vice-president, E Crush; recordlng-secie-  tnry, C. Plnder, 17,7) Eighth avenue, Fnlr-  vleiv,  financial  sccietaiy,    W. Halllday,  -Elesmcre   House,   treasurer,   H.   MoSor-  -iey   trustees, C   Irwin, B. Cross and XV  =CoIe.  AMALGAMATED SOCIETY OF CARPENTERS & JOINERS, Vancouver, 1st  -branch,  meets eveiy alternate Tuesday,  In loom   No   2. Labor Hall   President, J.  Da.id-son, secretary, J. T. Bruce, 3SS Har-  ,rls   street.  -.MRS" UNION, . NO. 357���  Meets the first Tuesdaj- in/each month  ���ln Union hall. President, A. Kochel, vlce-  ptesldent, C. Crowder; secietarv, G  -Thomas, Jr, 118 Cordova stieet west,  treasurer.1. S. W. Johnson; sergennt-at-  arms, J. *"W. Brat; delegates to Trades  nnd Labor Council, J. Crow, F. Jost, A.  Kochel.  -THE RETAIL CLERKS' INTERNATIONAL PROTECTIVE ASSOCIATION  .meets ln O'Brien's Hall,     the first and  thhd  Tuesdays  ol   each month       T.  A.  Phillip   president; N. J   Orr, secretary,  2.022  Westminster  Avenue  -OUR-NI-W-CDNTU RY.*~  When  through  the  dim,  giay East  did 1 Ise  ���The inoinlng of its hlith���  When Its fit st dawn   stepped  fiom  "   the skies  Upon the hills of earth���  Behold���waiting   nations   breathless  stand,  Oppicssed with h.iuntliiB fears  Or what thou holdout in thy hand  Thou coining lltttulied Ycm~.  Why not! n kI.u] world welcome thee  Willi  In lighter viud a hOiur���  Thou nev-boin child of Destiny  Who.se iclgn shnll he so long?  Who knows! we only know that thou  Hath entered like a king:  Into thy com is,���that we must bow,  Whatever thou dost bring  What matter whether war or peace  Tliy hei aids shall pioclalm���  The stoiy of the centuries  Is ex ei more the same!  Thy Infant-years shall tell abroad,  Through nil thy mighty span,  Naug-ht but the Fatheihood of God���  The 'Brotherhood of Man.  pne of ithe most successful entertainments ever given In this city was the  box soolal  held  by the Amalgamated  Association of Street   Employees   on  Wednesday night In Sutherland's hall.  To .say the least the affair was unique,  Introducing, ns it were, the novel "box"  social.   There were over 300 present, all  happy and gay as the flowers of this  blithe month, who, long after part one  of the programme, which Included the  concert, had ibeen gone through with,  enjoyed   part   two itlll   the   wee  sma'  'oors.   Manager J. Buntzen, of the B.  C.  Electric  Railway    Company,    was  the  chairman,  and  promptly  at  8.30  thnt gentleman opened the proceedings  amldst applause.   He spolce briefly in  effect   ns    follows:       He   was   very  pleased   to  be  present  at   this gathering    of    railway    employees    and  their   friends,   and   hoped   that they  would   all  be  equally  pleased   before  they gx>t througb with the evening's entertainment.   The object of this social  was to provide funds for a baseball  club to be formed from the ranks of  the B. C. Electric Railway Company's  employees.     The   men   have   ln   past  years excelled In all branches of sport,  ln crldket and football, in rowing- and  lacrosse, and he saw no reason why  tliey should not win the baseball trophy which the Trades and Labor Council, as he understood lt, will generously  put  up  for competition on  LaJbor  Dav.   (Applause)   The   entertainment  was under the auspices of the Street  Railway Employees' union.   "Now, in  some companies, the relations between  employees and manager are not as they  ought to be," said Mr. Buntzen.   "'The  .word 'union' has an ominous sound lithe managei 's ear   Not so in our company"  (Loud applause).   He fully appreciated and respected the rights of  the union, and trusted   and   believed  that its members, on their side, realised  their obligations, and appreciated what  he, on behalf of the company, did, or  at  least  tried   to do,   for  them.   Mr.  Buntzen went on    "In the British Columbia Electric Railway Company we  have not only a union of employees,  but also another union, one between  management and staff, based on'mutual confidence and good will, without  which, in my opinion, no company can  ever piosper, and I hope sincerely that  the two unions will live and thrive together."   (Applause.)   From   tlie large  union a number of smaller unions are  being developed    You can. hardly plak  up a piper without reading- about one  mora union,  a small, but- happy one,  hnvin- been foimed by a street lalhvay  employee,   (Laughter   and   applause)  ���When  he  looked at all  the tempting  lunchbo\.es,   with   their  ilbbons    and  floweis, and symbols, and hidden ti ensures, tlie penlal ohaiiman said that he  should not be sutprteed  to see spring  out from under their, pi etty coveis another bitch of small and happy unions.  (Laughter  and  applause)  After the chairman had concluded his  much appieciated reinaiks, then followed the programme of music and  song by the following, who all received hearty and well-merited 'encores'  Mis. Buntzen, Misi Machln, Messrs.  Colli'.ter, Mills, Walker, Jenkinson,  Ross, Cornwall and AIcColl. Dunns the  intervals between the musical items  Auctioneer President Dickie, of the association, held a - ery spirited sale of  well-filled and beautifully ornamented  lunch "bo-x.es, baskets, etc , of edibles,  cigars and the like to the great mei-  ilment of all. Those prize packages  had been'caiefully piepared by the Ja-  dies piesent The puichaser, with his  coveted souvenir, had the plea-suie of  the company of the fair lady who allowed the disposal of her waies under  the hanimei dining the .veiling. Need-  less to say the friendly ilvnhy__w.is'  most Intel estlng, inasmuch as many  biddou   weie   agreeably  suipilsed   at  the seat of honor with his legion of  lady admirers round him. He danced  the Highland fling with a snap that  delighted everyone, to ithe envy of the  young fellows. President DIokle, Jn a  few well-chosen remarks, moved a  hearty vote of ithanta to the chairman.  Ex-President Pearey seconded the motion, and expressed the sentiments of  the streot railway employees when he  referred to the good feeling that existed between the company and Its  men, which was loudly applauded. The  dance was kept going till old Sol signalled the time of departing, when  special tram cars conveyed the Jovial  merry-makers to. their homes in the  dlfferent'parts of the -city. The ears of  the committee must have tingled after  all the good things said about It for  this successful evening.  Tiie Independent has been requested  to tender those who took part in the  programme the sincere thanks of tihe  street railway employees, which is accordingly done with the very greatest  of pleasure.  The Mint  Is    the   new    saloon   nt   the   corner  of Carrall nnd Hastings streets.   Case  goods nre the best, nnd the prices O. K.  Seattle Rainier beer, 5 cents.  PETROLEUM.  Vancouver has always some prospect  In sight. Messrs. Wood & Reea' of the  West Coast Oil and Mining Co., of Seattle, Wash., will open offices In this  city as managers for B. C.J This company have some 1,500 aores'ln Washington and are now busy locating oil  lards in this province ln the vicinity of  this city. It is confidently anticipated  that before long there will be a big oil  excitement hereabouts. Already men  are out scouting the different sections  and it only awaits their return from the  ifields before anything definite is given  out to the public.  UNION BARBER SHOPS.  The following is a complete list of  union barber shops ln Vancouver. Is  your barber on the list?  Elite barber shop. Hastings street.  Bon Ton barber shop, Hastings  street.  Porcelain Baths, Cambie street.  Harvle & Ellis, Cambie street.  Savoy Barber Shop, Cordlva street.  Smalley's Berber Shop, Cordova  street.  The Whlttier Barber Shop, Carrall  street.  Oyster Bay Barber Shop, Carrall  street.  Union Barber Shop, Carrall street"  O. K. Barber Shop, Hastings street,  east.  Army and Navy (Oscar HeyOandJt)���  Oranvllle street, under Trorey's.  J. H. Stevens, Mount Pleasant.  The Favorite Smoke  -���^b-9  Union men smoke the Earl of Minto Cigar.  Why? Because it is Union Made.  c-k-  Turner, Beetoh if* Co.  Wholesale Aaents  VANCOUVER, VICTORIA, NELSON. B. C.  Convalescents need Eisen Port���''the  builder up of tho weak"���50c bottle.  Gold Seal Liquor Co., 746 Pender street.  WAITERS MEET.  The Cooks, Waiters and Waitresses'  Ijocal union, No 2S, held their regular  weekly meeting on Piiday evening,  whioh was laigely attended, President  Over In the chair. Four new members  weie initialled The delegates, Bioth'-'  eis Chas. Over and Jas. H. Perkins,' appointed to wait on the different labor  organizations, leported a very favorable reception .by the different unions  that they had visited, and 'that they  were assured of their stiongest support The intention of the delegates is  to visit all the sister unions in this  city.  Hunt & Poster, Hastings street.  'A. Murray, "Westminster avenue.  Morgan, The Tailor, Granville street.  Dan Stewart, ���Cordova street.  CluWb & Stewart, Cordova street.  W. Murphy, Cordova street.  CMdR'ae & McDonald, Hastings street,  east.  J. B. Sheening, Cambie street.,  E. Farron, Hastings street.  'A. Clement, Hastings street  J. Carrelli, Oordonr-a street.  Simon- & Co., Cordova street.  The Independent wants a report <xf  e~ich .union meeltlng and nehvis concerning Ithe members of every organization.  Su.h reports and news will do much to  sustain and create interest In the organizations. Secretaries are especially  urgWd io senfl ln these reports, bult  news from any meoniber o!f an organization will Ibe rebelved with pleasure.  When you want to hire a flrst-class  horse and buggy, go to the Palace  livery stables.   Telephone 125.  FISHERMEN MEET.  The Fishermen's union met last Saturday night Piesident Burns pi-sided oxer a big attendance, among -whom  weie the Indian m'Ssion chiefs, who  piomlsed that their men would stand  firm by the union. The Indians up the  coast as far ns Port Simpson were also  to b~ depended upon, the Simpson natives having a'union of their own  Soveial new members weie initiated,  after which the proceedings terminated.  Drink Red Cro=s Beer, the beer that's  pure, 76c pints, $1.30 doz. quarts. Gold  Seal Liquor Co., 74G Pender street.  UNION BAKERIES  XV. D. Mulr, Mount Pleasant.  iW. Murray, Prior street  Montreal Bakeiy, Westminster avenue.  F. Adams, Scotch Bakery, Hastings  stieet.  W. D. Kent, 5C Cordova street.  J. Oben, Hastings street,  ���Mlnchen Co, Ginnville stieet.  Barnwell Bros, Granville street.  Laigen & Tupper, Granville street  P. O. BOX 290. 'PHONE 179.  w. j. McMillan & Co.,  WnoLESALE 'Agents fob  TUCKET CIGAR CO. UNION LABEL CIGARS I  MONOGRAM, MABGUEEITA, BOUQUET,  .    OUR SPECIAL, EL JUSTILLO,  EL CONDOR, SARANTIZADOS, SCHILLER,  Corner Alexander Street and Columbia Avenue, Vancouver, B. C.  ���t-CTESBESSHE-SBSS-  The Union Label Scores  Another Success.      tf^qwrfj  . The "King Quality ", Shoe _ai baen -.wotd-d th* Gold tfafet  ���the highest award at the Fwii Expoiition. All soedi eUunpcd wi*%  UNION LABEL, Be sun that " King Quality" it branded on you thess, wfcfafe  means perfeotJiattsfaatioD.  Made by THE J. D. KING CO., Limited, Toronto.  MAr.KET QUOTATIONS.  Vaacouvek, May 11,1901.  [Corrected by Forun Bros , grocers, 311  Cnrnill street.]  SCO  1 39  65  7  ���%  For stomach trouble of any Jdnd take  Flint's Dyspepsia Tablets. They cure  or you get your money baok. 50c box.  McDowell, Atkins, Watson Co.  their barg!iins,.0The sale was held in  three dilteicnt blocks, the fiistlot went  olf like hot cakes at a limit of $1. This  caused a mm mm, artei which the  Unit price \\\i_, placed at ?J for the  ot'iei I ixo ~ets It \. arc amusing to rec  th,' Ino-uhies cxpivsulon on the f_i.ee-.  ol Vn Iuckv leclpictits when they open-  c-i t'i patkuo .inn loiind out the name  it iheir puitneis-elyct for the owning.  Th ��� -in'-le men In unity t._.so, x.<iu  ontv Ittud by the old-time Ik\ui\, one  'oM .Miff" lo't Ills- xwts, so much xo  nit hi' never lei up bidding until ho  liud "ecti.cd foui. lie wns c\tiiiOil,  !iox\*cror. ��.celng tli.it ho had once llx'od  In il .Mormon LOlony 'xx-ay back In Dakota. He only esu.iped bodily hnini on  thee giomuls. At the conclusion of  this fontuic thi' chairman announced  thnt nil pai biclpate In the satisfying of  the inner in.m, nftei xxhlch there Mould  be some time dei oted to the light fantastic It xvns an cx-ont long to be ic-  niembeied 'lo sec gay John Peaiey in  FLINT'S BROMO GRIPPE CURE,  neve.* falls to completely cure a cold  within 24 hours. Gives Instant relief���  guaranteed, your avoney back. 25c.  1 box ot McDowell, Atkins, Watson Co.  The many f i lends ot Geo. Wilks, delegate to the Trades and L.ibor Council fiom the Moulders' union, aie xviih-  ing him success in his nexv undertaking at Giand Forks, xxiiere he ixill go  into the moulding business.   Geoige did  not forget The Independent befoie he  staited for the iiitciior, as he called  and had his addiess changed and pnid  his subscription for another year. He  bays that lie mint hive The Independent. We hope his best expectations  v. ill mo-e than be realized at his nexi  location.  TWENTY YEARS IIUNCE.  Cheer up,  O  weary citizen!  Thl.s slang xxhlch smites the ear  Aa -.oiusons iLiine and go agnln  Is bound to dlsnppcm.  They xx-on't ;,ay "nit" ln.ite.id of "not,"  Such  things  they c in't allow;  Thoy xvon't have xx-ords like "tommyrot"  In txventy ye.tr.s fiom noxx.  .-*---/-  They'll not describe their ulloxv men  As "lobstois" and the Hire,  Nor tailk of things as "coikers" ixhen  A joyous mood they itilke.  With xvoise our ixiis thoy cannot pieice  At least I don't see hon-,  Our dialect won't be so "fierce"  In txventy years fiom noxv.  riour���  Manitoba Hungiirinn, snc_c,  50 lbs ... * 1 20  Grain-  Chicken XVheut.lOOlbs     1 75  Oris, ton . '     25 00  Brim, ton    Shorts, 1 ton  'Feed-  Hay, ton  Sugar���  Sugar, Suck  Vegetables���  I'otatoes, old, 100 lbi   ....  Turnips, 100 lbs.  Onions, lb    .  Cabbage, lb. . .'.    Celcr>, 12 btinchs  Farm Produce-  Eggs, do' fresh  ���ggs Case, 3[amtobu, do/ .  Butler, Creamery, prints,  Butter, Creamery, m tubs lb  Butter, Dairj, prints  Butter, Dairy, in tubs, lb .  Cheese, Onturio, lb .  Cheese, Manitoba, lb. old  Lard, 11)    -  Lard S-lb  piuls  Ltird 5 lb. pails .  Lard 10-lb. pails  Lard 20-lb pails  Fruit���  PeaTs ll\ aporatod  Apples, local, box.  Oregon Apples, Bo\  Vernon Apples, hot    .  ** do  @ f 1 35  ��175  20 00  22 00  20 00  12 00     @   11 00  ��     I 30  25  20  27  27  20  22  15  15  15  43  70  1 4  2 75  @  ,1  SO  30  30  17  . 13  -15  70  1 10  2 90  Greenlee* Brothers _j^__��*l  LORNE* RARE OLD and  Q. B. LIQUEUR WHISKIES  a  _ �� , ���*  Are now asked for in Preference  to anq other brand.  J.   K.   MECREDY,   Sole   Agent,  Telephone   899. Arcade   Vaults,   Cambie   Street. -  Mason & Rascb  May lie bought by monthly instalments from  Gideon Hicks & Co.  123 Hastings street,  vancouv  88 Government st  Victoria.  y<yMj^iM:&  and  ooks  -AT-  GALLOWAYS ..  BOOK EXCHANGE,  10  75  2 00  175  25  15  25  Oranges,  Lemons, doz  Bananas doz  [Corrected   by  Vt'ide Awake   Butcher  Shop,  ���-"Corner ilanilItou~and~GcorgIa Streets;  Meats-  Beef, Boiling, lb  "   Corned, lb  "   Steaks, lb... .  "   Boasts, lb  Pork, Hoist,'lb .  "   Chop'-, II)   ..  Mutton, Legs, lb  "      Loin, lb  Chops lb.  '-aus. gi", lb  Hani'-, lb  Ham, allied. Hi  Uncon, Sliced, lb   .  "    Wile, Hi  "     lioll.lb  Veal, lb....... .     .  run���  lliilllnit, lb  .oil, lb  Ilcriln-, lb .      . .  ���.IlllllOll.  it)  Jinokeiirish.ll).,  S  i>  10  10  is  20  IS  17; 1  14 '  10  111  IS  12'i  Flint's Dyspepsia Tablets are guaranteed to restore failing; appetite and  coirect any .kind of stomach trouble.  50 c box. McDowell, Atkins, Watson  Co.   '  139 Hastings and  14 Arcade  Sufjf&Ey  ir N'aiiiiliiio,Smith  .(.Hull Island olll  Steam-  fes  and  From '1 luir N'liiuilmu.SottthfiuM nml  1'ioLtLtluii i bin ml OlHonuA,  World's  Scenic  Route  LOWEST RATES. BEST SERVICE  To all points in Canada aud the United States.  THE FASTEST AND BEST EQUIPPED TfiAIN  CROSSING THE COMfXENT.  SAILINGS F0H JAPAN AND  CHlSA.  Empress of China  MayGth  Empress of India          Maj 27th  Empre'-s of Japan .  Juno 17th.  and ex cry lour weeks thereafter.  SAIM-.0 FOI! HONOLULU AND AUSTRALIA.  Aorangl . .         May 3rd,  Jfounn . . . ...     X_ay8lB_,  Jfioxxera.   . .  Juno 28th.  ami every four x.ccfcs thereafter.  For further particulars as to time rates etc.,*  apply to  JAMES SCLATEB,  Ticket Agent,  ���12S Hanings St.,  _   Vancouver, B. 0^_.  J. COYLE,  A. G. P. A.  Vancoux er, B C,  PATRONIZE UNION CLERKS.  Allratirbtriofl.cl'. C I. P, \. un shon Ib'scird.  Alt for II ir lieu mal-.l 1; yoi.r n-rclia'cs.  CNOOHuio ny the a   r or !..  i___^__2S__T__B_s  ONC'THinO ACTUAL BIZC.  COLOR IS CHANGED EACH QUARTER.  Good only during months named on right  hand cornor uud whon proporly signed and  STAMrED xvitu. the number of tho Local.  I  . 1'  Of tho I'ollowing (inuies:  Double Screened X*uuip,  Run of tlie Mine,  \Vu��lieci ^Jutuxid  Scree_iiiif.A.  SAMUEL M. ROHINS, SupcriiUuKlcnt.  EVANS, COLEMAN tfc EVANS, Agents,  Vftncou\crCit.\, II C.  The  Independent  $1.25 a Year  A BEVERAGE  which please 11 mnjoriiv of thc-tj who  aro foii'l tif it tfooil K��,l-'�� <-' bier, is our  s|��eciiiH> hieucd Holieinf.iii Beer. Cnrc-  iuIIj prepared fiom ���*_ levied limtcrfuh.,  it is 11 -a hoksome drink ttnd toiUiiius no  hurmful ingredients, Imk-cd itJshigb-  1} reumimu-dert ns ii spring tonic.  Doering & IVfarstrarid  TELEPHOIME 429  - Why do you cough when "BIG,4  COUGH GURE " will cure you. ^^^^  m  ���iM  in  1  j  :v  f.  ::  III  i  Ml  !  P  m  I  1"!  (I  .  ���:$  I  II  . ���*'.!*���,>  THE INDEPENDENT.  SATURDAY  .MAT 11, 1901  ^      LETTERS TO THE EDITOR.  FIRE THE COUNCIL.  To the Kditor o[ Tin: Isdei'kkdent:  Sir,���To slx-t the chief of tlie lire department and nn alderman an outlnff  at the expense of the citizens to go to  a foreign, country to buy horses for  the civic brigade, xvliere docs the  boasted patriotism come In by encouraging home industry? I am credibly  Informed thnt nil the horses xx-nnted  ot the quality desired can be procured  Jn the Northxvost and e\-en In the Kootenays. Then xx'hy .spend the money In  a foreign- country'.' Tlie fact Is that  our.city council does not 1-iioiv very  much, and xvon't be told anything-. I  ���xvould suggest that a public Indignation  meeting be called to request it to resign nnd alloxv the Trades council to  run the city for the remainder of the  term. I am satisfied that tlie latter  body would make the best record.  " �� : ��� . PATRIOT.  Vancouver,  May 7,  1901. ,  tection, and xx-e don't propose to vote  for improvements In other xvards until  xve receive some consideration. Than'lc-  ing you for space. XV. L. BOULT,  Secretary Fairviexv. Improvement Club.  Fairvlexv,  Vancouver,  May S, 1901.  A VOICE FROM FAIRVl'EW.'  To the Editor of Tin: lNnra:Nn-.vr:  Sir.���Thc.reiare about 2,000 people'in  Fairviexv,.mostly xx-orkiiiB.men who are  small property oxvners.   The city council apparently does not consider this a  sufficient number to be worth paying  any attention"-to,'and I should like to  ���'  ioterest. you. as an avowed champion  of labor,  in  the  subject of...our most  pressingneedsanii the neglect xve have  'hitherto experienced.   We Tiave formed  an -association and are xvorking for the  accomplishment of several badly-need-  , ed  local  improvements,  of xx'hiclt  the  following are perhaps the most pressing:   First, separate   and independent  .representation iii the council.   Second,  Fire   protection.   Third,   At  least  one  passable road .to Greer's beach' and the  neighboring houses.   The first ot these  ...' objects xx-e do not expect to accomplish  at  present,   but xx-e-feel  that v\re are  entitled to it and do not mean to let  the matter drop.   The.second and third  are the point's'with'-which.-we are just  noxx- concerned,  and I -think you will  .  agree -���xvltli me, sir,',that.;xve have  a  right:to   demand   that  the  homes  of  2,000  people shall  be rendered  accessible to one or other of the city fire engines.   The  last  bad   fire   xx'e   had   in  Faiiwiexx*,'. was on Granville street, near.  .   the  bridge, and  the  Mount  Pleasant  ?? tire engine?broke doxx-n- and failed to  reach the burning building at all.   "We  ..; Vt-ere then promised that. Seventh av-:  ?.; ' eiiue should be: rocked: as far as Hem-,  lock street,?: but it has not been done.  ;��� ,Oui'-?roads are still. impassable -in.'the  ? winter.and no: engine, or ex'en?lumber  ?   .wagon; could reach some parts of the  ~rj: district at any time of year except per-  ���[   haps in  the middle? of su_imer.   All  .this might be remedied by-putting Sev-  y enth  ax-enue in    good    condition  and  ���'   grading a fexv blocks; on -Maple street  .-��� and Second or Third, avenues, xx-est of  ���'���'.'���.'Granville'.*   Nearly every house in West  Fairviexv and all East Fairviexv xvould  / then be 'within reach of tlie fire engines,  ??"and .mill   men 'and   othelis   xvould   no  ...longer refuse to haul lumber, etc., for  ?.people who wish to begin, building be-  ?   fore June or July.   The only argument  ;'?l!haixre yet ilieard against our request is  .?that:there are still a fexv?houses in the  ,-"��� west end of the city /which are out ot  .   .reach of fire'engines, and ithat the as-  /sessed value of these houses Is many  .times greater than that of our Fairviexv homes.  Now,-"-1 contend, Mr; Edi-  ;:'. tor, .that, the '.poor man's  home  is  at  '?? least as valuable to him.as is the rich  ?, man's .to him, and I think this, argument of property value Is. altogether  \': put of: place.   Surely dtis reasonable  ,,,.to say, that 100 poor men.are as much  ���'.-: entitled to protection of life and prop-,'  .  :erty as ten or a dozen rich men.   One  ���'���weapon  we.. have,  and-I trust exrerj-  ��� Fairviexv .property oxvner will" use  it  ..-���'for-his .'own'and his neighbor's protection.   Ex'ery man  whose "property    is  ���,WOTth-$300-can=v6fe~6h-^^^  and Fairx'iexv cati easily block all the  proposed nexv fire halls, etc., for xvhich  we, are to be asked;to vote this year.  Let them gix'e us a-hose reel and a  fexv iflre alarm boxes, and open up one  or txx-o streets so that it is possible to  reach thejiouses in case of fire.   Until  something, like, this is done I think the  voters of Fiilrx-iexv may be counted on  to refuse  to tax  themselves for now  lire halls and other Improvements in  other parts of the city.   AVe ha-x-o the  * heist beach In the city   or   nnyvvhere  near it. and xx-o xx-nnt a good road to  it, and xve havo also a large and grouping population xvliose homes need pro-  A LA30R QUESTION.  Sir,���1  read  In  the Nexx-s-Advertlser  of the '1th Inst.' about a. youngster from  GabrioMu.    Island    halving    forged   a  cheque and consequently suffering the  penalties   ot   ihe   law.   lt    is   senteu-  tlously added that this Is another instance of "the large and ever-ineroas-  lng number of Juvenile delinquents of  a province,' the school system of which  is not a brilliant success as regards the  mornl training of the young."   It appears lo me tlint It is very unjust to  blame   the  school    system    for   such  things.     The boy  forged  the  cheque  most likely In order to obtain money  for some purpose or other, money that  lie  could   not    otherxvlse    get..   Why?  Because  lie  could get no employment  so us to earn xvhat money he needed,  the province being full of Orientals.   I  stated before the royal commission of  enquiry into the Oriental labor question   that   I   thought   there  is  enough  xvhites and  Indians  here to man  the  canneries   during   the  'Ashing   season,  arid the statement was apparently considered absurd,  but. xx-hen one  thinks  of  the eroxx-ds  of youngsters hanging  about,  not Vancoux'er alone,  but also  Victoria and other?cities on,the coast  as." xvell    as  inland, youngsters   who  xvould In all probability be glad to earn  ah honest wage in a cannery if it ..were  not for the stigma that xvould attach  to  them  if they  worked side by. side  xvith the Chinese and Japs.   Don't you  think   then   that   the   canners   xvould  have a sufficiency of labor?   Of course  we all realize that they (the canners)  are the only, parties to be considered,  because I read in tlie above-mentioned  paper that the interests of the canners  and' the fishermen "are, identical" and  that "anyone xvho: attempts to arouse  agitation'and   cause   dissensions   between  the canners and the fishermen  must be regarded as an enemy of tlie  community ?at .large."   It  strikes, me  that it is only .when the canners, are  clamoring, for some concession or other  that  the   shout   is "raised   about  the  common interest of the fishermen .and  the canner.   It strikes me that it Is  a  case  of: ?"What  is  yours-is  mine,  and >vhat:is mine you have no'thing to  do With."   But to return to. our.'mutton, nobody .can fall to notice that'."that  class;of unemployed .young men Is annually,, ."growing   more? numerous .and  the chances of getting employment are  getting fexver. -,-What is left for, .them  to do but forge; cheques, etc., and try  to get government' positions 'that xvay  in some penitentiary or .other,?and let  the schools take the blame.   .  ���??:.'??    CHARLES ���DURHAM.-."  . Vancouver, May 5, .1001. . ;??'���? '(���  FROM WHITE HORSE.  ' AN? ENJOYABLE EVENING.? ,-  The Retail Cleric's association held  an "at home;' in? O'Brien's hall on  Tuesday?, evening;'.whiclv was enjoyed  immensely by .those -present. The as-,  sociation met promptly at 7.45 p.?m/  and disposed of its business ��� xx-hen the  dooi*s of the hall ..were '-thrown.: open  and the following 'programme carried  out: . ': Chairman's' address, President.  \V.;T. Philips; piano .solo, Wm. Garden; recitation? XV. T.. Philips; recitation, Miss Lelghton;'. sailor's hornpipe,  EfEle ��� Moyes; "quartette, Miss Mathexvs;  Miss Moscrop, Mr. Grant and Mr. Ker-  foot; recitation, Miss May Fraser; song,  J. Hyndman; Highland fling,.Miss Ef-  fle,Moyes: During/the progress of the  entertainment the president read a letter from Capt. Tatlriw, M. P. P., saying that the prox'Incial government had  just amended the Shops Regulation  act of 1900 so as to give poxver to the  cities of Vancouver and New Westminster to pass a -by-law enforcing the  A recent communication from White  Horse, Y. T��� says    that   nearly   half  the     men     and     nearly     all     tlie  bosses  are" Americans and that  they  xvould run the  country If they could.  The Americans    who jworked    on the  boats at Skagway are xvorking noxv at  White Horse in spite of Capt. Walde's  promise.   There    Is   something    very  crooked  about  the  xvhole  thing.   The  food is fair, but the bunk tent Is a cattle pen.   There are about MO men In it,  14 sleeping across the 110 feet ot width,  and a  number sick.   Tlie hospital in  full and applications for admission arc  useless.   The Yankee bosses wanted'to  xvork   the  men  Sundays,   but   to   the  credit oE the mounted, police they prevented It.   The government labor commissioner could find plenty to do were  he  at  White  Horse,? xvhich  would  be  very    lucrative    for  the  government.  The writer continues:   "It vexes me to  hear so much' Seattle arid to have' to  listen i6 the Yanks,.'finding fault with  the  laws  of  Canada  and   telling  us  xvhat xve Canadians ought to do.   Half  the money .paid out here In xx-ages goes  to  Seattle' 'and  other U.  S.  places.   I  notice   that '-the   name   or   Seattle   is  on? most of the provision boxes arriving here.-'".Working men. are  riot the  only ones who suffer from this state  of  affairs,   but  the  merchants.,, Were  Mr. Maxwell to come up' here he xvould  have his eyes opened somexyhat to see  the xvholesale infraction-or���evasion?'of  tlie so-called alien labor law.   Were <all  the xvages paid here to Canadians, why,;  xvhat a harvest'..the merchants of ..Vancouver., and ���Victoria xx-ould reap."  FURNITURE  jjgrjjSSj  Carpets, Linoleums, Windo*,v-  ; 6      , ' :: ���'"���"-? ��� ���      ���'..'. ���' -.' ���"���' '���'���      ���  shades, Etc., try  ���/.'������.  ���  ��� Want a New Bike?  4>?       Gome in and let us tell you. about? our. new  a\\ East) Payment Plan.   You'll own a high-grade ^  a\\ wheel before you realize it is costing you anything;? a.  ��� ASK ABOUT IT. ��  ��� Wm. RALPH   a*%&*& |?  ��� SOLE AGENT  $  . CB.EVELAN-D AND? TRIBUNE BICYLCS.  TCHOIJDSALB AND   RETAHi  DEALERS? IN  Shelf and Heavy  UNiION CIGIAR PACTOEiEBS.  ���'-�����"- .      union-made Cigars.  A'.l    _!3[&t,7Sc.���_.��ll>,.il.l.x"*..M*tf .  ,n*,*rM_usi.>6^1^''S."�� <���!��� ���  copynioniro ��� 0.3MfMv^rff<.,   ?���  early^closing.m'overneiit^Tt-"~no\v~re~  malned for the clerks to move In the  matter and this they could, do: easily  xvere every' clerk in. the city-in the  union, which was expected to bo shortly, as there xvere nexv members being  made at every meeting. Refreshments  xvere served and an hour or so -was  spent In dancing, after whlehijOiie of  the most -successful social gatherings  ever? held by tiie clerks of this city  broke up. Tlio committee xx-ius complimented liy all present on -Its creditable  xvork/" "?���?" : ?'?'**''  Blue Ribbon Tea is packed, iu Vancouver 1_y white men���nre. yon 'drinking it?  iFoiloxx'dng is o. list of the 'Union oi-.  gair factories.in Bnltiish Oolumlblia xvlho  use?iUie'blue lalbel:?.'���??.'',? : :��� ^  W. Tletjen, No., 1���Divlslbn No. 38,  Van~ou\'e~. , ' ?:. ,'>V, -.?'?.??���"  * Kurtz & .Co. No.. 2���DivMonNo. :8S,  Vajneouv;er. ?''    ,..,.���',?'.  Inilana Oigar ', Manufa'cturing Company, No.*3���oBl-lislon'No. 38,?K*-:n_oops.'  ','B., Willlber'g & Co., No. 4���-MvJsIon No.  38, Nexv We_-ninBteJ". ������ "      ",. *'; ?  -.- T. Wloxisltlook,.(Nio. 0���-Division No. 38,  Vancouver.���?, '���';.*???. ���?��� ';' .-': ?,.??.?  KeiloixxTiai Shipipers' Unton?Company,-'  No. 8^D!lvls_on No.; 38,- ICetoxvna/??'?.  ..-WirigHit Bros, No. 9���JDixnislon; No? 38,  Rosslaaid./;-.: .-.-f ���????,���?:.??���??���/.:���;?? -::'.l:  '���:' Kootenay dlga-r ManuiCaiofcurtag Oom-  ,pi_uny,; No/ 10���Division No. ;3S, Nelson.  1 ���Heirs.& Johnson, No. .2���Di-vtiStlon^No.  37. /AntotorSa.?^ ';? ,y[ C? :  , M. BanitUey, No- E���(Division No. 37,  yiiOtprl^?:?���"?.:" .���?;'?,'_..���-'?,??-'  ..-.���'  " ilal'and'Oisair Biaaitory, S.rNorman.No.  G���cbi-vllslon? Np. 37, V_dto*rt��U:;-     ''������;':.  , iPro\1Ihoe.:Oigar Co.,;No. 7���-Divnslon  No. 37, Victo-to..  v?,-??,/;  A/Stelhinot-r <S_ Sons, No. 8���Division  No. 37, Vihitorila.  /?'./:;.'?,���'?.'::;���������,,:,:���',?  '!-.'-_P.' Gable, No. S���Divisio-j iMo. 37, Na-  naiimo? j ��� -Hi:  [P3.;Lenry, Nta^H-^IH^ilEaon.Nto? 37/V50-  tOria. ';?'",���;;���"???.;    '    .''���"'���'?'Z*V'";."-'"/.-? '?::���  ? IM.? J. Booth, No." 14-nWv_Bion::No. 37,  Nanaimo.:,     ': ^'.?.?.'?:;���;???'*:; .:".  ��������� iO.-"-G. Belhnsen���Dlviaion"._No. '3T; Victoria.*..??'' '-'��� -',' :     , ??'??,: -:."���,*:'?'';*'���?���:''?��� *���  T. F. Gold, Capitol? Cigar* Factory,  No. .12, Victoria. B.���'C/;?:-?, ? ;:"!  ���.?..., The Mint.', ?-  Is located at the corner ?o��,Carrall and  Hastings streets. ' The bottled'gooda arc  all-first-class and ��� the prices right for  everyone.   Seattle Rainier beer, 5 cents.  Now, gentlemen,; here is the shop to  get your hair cut to suit .-you: Corner  Caiiibie and Cdrdova. ?C. Ellis.   * ?;  Telephone 1���2���5  for , a fine  livery  turn-out.   J. J. Sparroxv, Palace  livery  stables.-'/      ?���'���''?������';.''*',;/:/~/:,':".';-:'': '*?'"  ;; A recent cough or cold that" BIG  4 COUGH CURE " will not cure is not  xvorth curing.  Teleptione 651.  Our Low Prices  Area Knock-out Argument.  WUIIoniiil Gold Pinner plntes........ ...$1.50 dozen.  XX'liiteitnil Gold lireiikfust filittcs ..'.I.to ilnzen.  -'While mid Gold Ten iihiles ;S|.35 tlozun.  -, XX'liileanil Gold Soup plules..)};',..,.���,.;..'..'..$I.-10 dozen.  A fexv slightly dniiiiiged Cuke or Brciul plates ill 10c encli.  ���:'..Walk in and look Around.  FREDERICK BUSCQMBB & CO.  .,?���../ '������. China HAH./319 Hastings SmEET/  Western Cartage Co  ; W.?A. HcPoxald.",:'..;^.  Trucks, Drays and Express  (     Wagons   for  all   Purposes.  ORDERS TAKEN FOR WOOD AND COAL  Olllce: 3M Cnmliio Street.  ' A live I.llo Insuiiiiiee Agent.   Very lilicrul  conimlsi-ioii to tliu rlglit puny.  MACFARLANE,; R00I��IE:"&; CO.  '.���'���'..Provincial Managers  The Excelsior Life Insurance Company  ,'���';'?;:������;// .'/    Llmiled..;.?.;?.    ,:       /  4*2  Westminster Avenue. '       *'   - I  ?/Telc|ihone 699l  110-118 Westminster Ave.    Opposite City Hall.  WE;CAKRY_>>::-i'//;/'  tlie finesVline of Ga-  nong Bros., Battger &  Co., London, and Stew- ,r  art & Young, Glasgow,  The Latest Specialties  ' in Confectionery and  Chocolate, Etc.        r  ���-..'.'������:������:��� cakes yyy:.  of the: yery; best quality,  , 35c, ?40c and 50c per, lb. _  MONTREAL ? BAKERY ���  600 XX'estminstor Ax'cnuo./  We are offering ?Ayatche8  .:-.nt bottom.prices.//'*'-  il-lG CORDOVA SfEEET.  Hardie & Th^mpsori  Marine aii^Ocncrall--���-^  Ooiisiiltiiig Mccliaiiicnl Eiigiiiccrs - ??; -  620 Cordova St. W.; VANccDvkii, B. C.; Tel. 76  . '/Patentees and designers of the* Hardie-/  ?'Thompson xvater tubo boiler,* neiv high .'.?'-  ?.,? speed   reversing engines, .and: special,?  ?. machinery in, light sections for mines. ?...  Propellers Desioneii.  engines Indicated and  ;.'.'/:?���      /;~.-.-.>-:'A_mtoti_d.���������>���;���?;���/,,?'/-?:.--; *??;  '���'��� Soloagents in B. C. and N. XV. Territories lor  the United Flexible; Metallic Tubing Co;, Ltd.  London,Eng..   .:?:;;;   .i'/i'-;?"/'       ���'���?.     r;iy'i[  THEREBY  MAIL  ORDERS  RECEIVE PRCKMPT ATTENTION.  KELLYjvPOMLM  ���^  ���'-?'���?;���        './������";:���'���'!': WHOLESALE GKOCERS,:  Cordova and Water Streets,!��� -���.VancquH^r', B/C.  .JQf/?Headquarters for  ��omestic .aiid/BmV  |>ort���d Cigars and Smoking Sundries;/  ?  The? name of Packard is a guarantee? o^? the'Highest quality,'style^  ;nncl:flt produced-:'in' shoe leatherj ahXiViuerioairshoe ;that:is?iiot;,im?  experiment, but- enjoyiiig' the' largest; output-*of "any slipe.iri-the-"  Unit:d States /trade of slioes. ���;-We? have tliein in all leathers', shape-'-  and styles; and; are the 'exclusive ^agents; in this, yicinitv;/;?/??/?';/^  }.$s;op /.R��r.?.-.Pairi"  ���??-;;K??FbMGE^  ?;||/?^?;*:TAILO&AI&  ^/::;:;;^T?;HALFfBEST:;:-T^  Wi  334 Hastings/;St-  Varicouyerv! B.l��.:?.  of Fire or Injury/ to  Health when you; use ?  'Theyrpnyyiiyy  The i*rice is now  ; sucK^haTalrnost; ev^r  erybody can afford it.  Once ? used, always  used. Apply at Of-  fice'of'/  , ;??Rpds,? Reeis^Liiies^, Casts^  /FliesV/Artificiitl Baits,'Traces^:  Baskets; ?|Wading;?Tr6pers^::  Gut?Hpok^??and;p^l^  SS2I?Blastings  */,:?r::Strcet^i????-/-?::  A COLORED SHBRT  ������A .white.colla.r. and/a:suitable.;tie;marte.-mbst.of ithe.well-aressed  ? men' of ?the?day. ?,;??���; 'Hi-.::?/;'/. ;?.:?;,��s>;-. ,V.?;'':/;.'/^.?*:??^.''";;?^:>l:?/:;;;>S;';:  ??��� It's ,an excellent;fashion. too���this?,colored-' shint :;:ld&/?It/glx'es.:'  .man a chance to. cope with the; fairet/sexiivtlie . matter^ 61'a little  color���tones up the '���' otherwise' habitual sonibreness ptjiisdressi;?;";/);  '...���; "We haix^e a rare collection o�� smart.things;ln.//:?f^/v;:??;?v?':/???;/*  ^CO'EoRED~SinRT?  /? TIES,' too, harmoriizing-splendidlj^'wlth 'theV/sM  prices���arid that's, little enough liere.;,.;' ?/V;;? i/,,/?::;: /'? / ;*? ?;// .;���'/' ?;'���  ���':^?J��riNSTON,?KERr��^^^'C��  Vancouver's Big Clothiers,   7-.  Hdtiers and Mens's Furnishers, -  104-0 CORDOVA'STREET,  /?r'":/'?'VANCOUVER.?-": '.:','  ^���.::^:y::y:]r^W:  Cor. Carrall and Hastings  ���."'���' Streets. -/.���-/?:':,??'-  When in Want  Call at  The  312 Honir Sti  OOi30000C300*.OObOOOOOOOOOCI*300000C3pOOOC��CSOOOOCK)09C5000C  ,;.". .-TOVBEpLCE^;.StOCKvi''V^/������  344 Carrall St.  . '��� ���..//   fel. lOI.    ���;���:'���:;  lQOOOOOQOC.QQOOOOOaOOOOOOQ(^oboOOQ6it^QOOOOOOOOQOpOOC  for/all kinds of  ; ;;,Tlio only union shop, ih tlie city.  ,;/���: Society; Banners,!-/ specialty^?:-  ���-^Hastings^tbemo?-;''?:' ?*/'? '[���: "4i- ���;  OOOQOQOCGOOaQQOOCC  g: A'^M^:BEATTIE,?;?    .  &i.r*:*i ���;:,::���>'::��� i:i.:>. ���;;.;'/���/.>  KEAL ESTATB, AND' Gi3K-RAI,  : .  ./?:.,-??.,;?-;.?Atic-r_o_fEER;; ??���?/.;/;??..  Oflleeantl Siilca.ltooih,' 1G7.Cordova-  , StrcotrVinieouvor,'II; C.'s'.Phono,SW..'-'  ���.;Fariii;Stqok nnd Lund n speeliilty.jC;;?;  COOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOo ��� ���'.-  IliliiilS^i^li^^i'^^^^il^i^

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