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The Grand Forks Sun and Kettle Valley Orchardist Sep 16, 1927

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Every defeat develops a lot of new excuses
THE regular meeting of the Qrand
Forka city council was held ln
tbe council chamber on Monday
evening, the ma|yor and eil the aldermen being presej-U.
An dnqulry wag reoelved from the
Are department ln regard to using
rooming houses, pr parts of rooming
houses, for the storing of automobiles. The matter was referred to
the fire marshal for lnformajtion.
Ah old buildtng ln block 40, plan
35, was sold, the same, to lbe removed
and the lot cleaned up.
The board of works reported that
tht old plank sidewalk cfjjoining
block 8, plan 62, had been removed
and a UU made, covered with cinders. ;
The regulating of the removal ot
fuel and timbers from the smelter
site was left in the bc|nds of Aid.
Declaration was filed by Returning Officer Hutton of the result of the
vote, recently taken on the bylaw
confirming the C.PJt. bylaw, and the
bylaw was finally passed by the council.
Power and light rates being ppld
the West Kootenay Power company
weiro discussed at considerable
length, as well as tho Smelter lake
I cat
me what you Know Is trn.
i-Messes well as Ytu."
and are being paid with commendable
In conclusion lt may be said that
the committee sent out a quetstion-
nrni re a short time ago apking for
criticisms on what lt had accomplished up to that time and Inviting suggestions for improvements ln administrations. Only 0 few replies were
((celved thereto, but about 90 per
cent were commendatory on its operations. Actual constructive criticisms mere few In num.bt-ra
Prom the prairies it is learned that
the prices set. by the committee to
both Jobbers and retainers and the
differential so shown, as helpful ln
giving the retailer confidence in buying freely.
Hyslop Crabs
The committee has set a wholesale
price of $1.25 thereon and has issued
an order that only 80 per cent shall
be marketed in Canada The price
oil Fancy Wealthier Is set at $1.65
and $1.80; Cs $1.50 and $1.66; and
crates $1.25 ahd $1.30, with 20 per
cent export
After careful consideration the
price on prunes was reduced to 65c.
This was done to prevent the impor-
Workshop <§f Spain
CATALONIA, Spain's northeast-
rn province, is forever threatening revolution; but ln recent
centuries, at least, have never quite
resulted In Independence.
The geogrsjphy of better ls better
known in terms of Its cities tbanits
dsfe-tkras. Oatalonlijaf can be placed
readily by calling It "the province of
which Barcelona is the head city."
Politically It c*jn be located by calling
it Spanish Ireland. Still Catalonia
might resent this label as much as
she chafes at Madrid rule, becnuse
her history of independence running
back to the ninth century at least, ls
quite ancient enough to warrant Ireland being called instead "the English Catalonia." To make Ireland a
proper parallel it would be necessary
to move from England across the
Irish sea most of England's factories
and mines and most of her (industrious workmen. There would be left
ln England (now playing the role of
avenue, stroll ladles with faces half
hiuded by mantillas, others In smart
their distances. But more far-feach-
lng than any of tbese methods is one
depending on apparent brightness
and apparent angular motion by
which stellar distances can be meas-
urtd wholesale.
"These   wholesale   formulae,"   said
ItniklnB,K8uits ***** Parisian hats, and Doctor Abbott, "are checked
n rtiir^.tf8' niaW.Ve l"Lasa**-ts* Wth -"-"Wi individual distances of sever-
in^ k^?*8 velvet garb »nd their al thousand surs. They enable us to
■"Mffijfl* —.. \Tlat "tatistically ouch majestic pro"
n-ven amid the sights and scenes of lemB as the absolute slze of our stel-
attmAJriT8 1,ttenUon -"t-n-ately Is I* system, which we call our Galaxy,
attracted by a house of the so-called It   is   estimated to be approximately
SKmS" Sii"f,-Th,cn.at flrBt n"«r- 100'000 "ght W»™ ■** Its maSmum
™L elL""8 a1?011 °'.a m,rror of a?d 20'000 ******* W« ■** Its mfnlmZ
Znv . «n88i A onge: ,n8P«=tlonof diameter. Its 20 nearest stars are
many a fine, Barcelona home discloses from four to fifteen light light years
that  the   curved  and  crooked   lines,  -"  *  "am years
.         . ■-       —— A——     X*.     XtAX.     XIX
tatlon of American prunes that were  Spa-in) the govelrnlng classes and the
Sw»l«»   „*,--*   -* * **  —.1,1.	
being offered at a very low flguer.
THE weekly letter to the newspapers says that some natural
curiosity has developed as lo
how the committee of direction el'tu
ually functions, since it established
Itself for aotive service at the end
of May
Quarters were secured ln the Ca-
sorso block, Kelowna, where three
members are In practically continuous session. Regular meetings are
held commenoing early ln thei forenoon of each day and lasting sometimes 4.11 -early evening. All ttae problems reflating to conditions in the
commttee's territory and ln those on
the coast and prairies come up for
review. The various products and
thost| conditions having to be considered ln relation to price setting. The
committee accordingly has to ask
itself, "What fruits or vegetables are
maturing and likely to ibe available
soon for marketing?" "What are
those particular varieties selling at
lt already on the market from bhe
United States?" "What is thel quantity available for shipment?" "What
price can reasonably be obtained ln
face of competition?" "Must prices,
it already set, be changed because of
such competition of because' of crop
conditions?" etc., etc.
The committee has also to consider
what regulations or orders shall be
issued to bring about uniform and
helpful conditions for shippers and
the trade generijly, also to devise
ways and means of seeing that these!
arB thoroughly understood and complied wtith. There is nearly always
an odd Individual who thinks At will
i'epay him to try to seti-! a march
on the committee. But lt Ib Ovldent
from the promptness with which at
tempted evasions come to* the ears
i of the conrm'lttqe that the great ma.
jority of those interested In the truit
industry are desirous of giving the
committee every assistance in their
power. To many it may seem thoir
last hope of sterilization.
Curiously enough tlie greater ex
pendlturt of time on the part of the'
committee on individual problems
has not bem with the larger shippers
but with the smaller. Many of these
come f°r conference on thair problems and some to bet Informed as to
how best tehy can conform with tbe
regulations of the committee.. A
sympathetic hearing Ib always given
and any assistance possible Ib rendered,
A few small growers have been
hard to convince of tha scope of the
Act and have necessitated the ex
penditure not only ot time but of
money ln an effort of tthe committee
to be helpful 'fn solving their qrob-
lems -and to enable them to live
wtithin the Act
Routine work Is heavy Every
llcenseholdc.r of whom there are 242,
receives t (3vice by mail of each
change in price or issue of regulations. Some of the larger shippers
have elected to receive prices by
. There are four office assistants on
the staff besides the chief accountant, wbo also acts g|b secretary. Another assistant ,1s employed oon part
time, looking over out of town contracts. The committee, also employs auditors in different sections
to examine the books of the shippers,
and to di'ltermine lf its orders h-ave
bees) complied with. Tho question
ml-jfct also be risked as to the relations of the committee with the British Columbia Federation ot Growers
and Shippers.
"■From time to time the committee
asks thel directors of the federation
to confer with it as to the best approach to solution of some of the
major problems. These conferences
titay last several hours. The expense
of the committee is met by the letvles
set by the federation, Invoices for
wttich. le-v-j* are sent out once a week
There are a few outstanding points
in connection with protection against
winter Injury to fruit trees which, ;f
thoroughly understood, will a|pt as a
guide to one's orchard practices
throughout the whole year. In order
that the fruit tree may best with-
stnd winter conditions, lt must, first,
have reached complete maturity before -winter sets in; second, have
1-rni.ple moisture in its tissues; apd
third, havci an abundant supply of
stored food.
To accomplish the first point mentioned, see to it that the tree has an
evtm and plentiful moisture supply
throughout the spring r|nd summer
months, but discontinue irrigation
(usually in -September) in- time to
allow the maturing process in thc,
tree to be completed before winter.
Where moisture contents are likely
to run too high in the fall, and growth
in the tree continue too long, considerable assistance ce|n be obtained
from using a cover crop to absorb
much of the moisture.
The second point may best be accomplished by applying a kite irrigation just before wdntcfr freeie-up
comes. Freezing is, ln reality, a
drying out process in the tissues of
the trcje and the late Irrigation ls an
excellent preventive for this.
In the third point, cultural conditions must be considered for the
whole year. It is a frequently observed fact tha||t those tret|s hawing
a low supply ot reserve food in their
tissues, brought about eithelr because
of their having borne a heavy crop
or of their being in a low state of vitality, gene-rally suffer more in .-*,
severe winter thanthose where an
amplt food supply has been stored
up. Proper pruning and thinning io
prevent overbearinv, ond proper feeding are the best precautions against
the occurrence of such weakness tn
the tree.
' Even after all the above conditions
have 'bet in met, Injury mcjy still bt
produced hy an extremely rapid drop
ln temperature To guard against
this, certain mechanical protections
can be employed. The most valu-
uble of these is the use of a cover
crop of vetch or alfalfa to act as a
protection to the tree roots. This
type of protection is especially necessary in trees growing on shallow,
open soil where a) high percentage of
the roots lie/ close to the surface of
the groound. Its' efficiency has been
so often demonstrated during recent
years, that it is now considered an
essential to good orchard practice.
Soma protection may tf so be given
against scald to the south side of
trunks by the use of a shading board,
but scald is not usually severe lf the
three af oft-mentioned conditions in
the tret hajve been met.
Margaret Is only five years old.but
she enjoys observing the actions of
thei   older   folk   and then imitating _
them as much as possible, the other*a   Vec*lii%d  promenade,'  for  pedes
military. ^^^^^^^^^^^^^^
Catalonia is the workshop of Spain
It claims to pay nearly 80 per cent
of the nation's tax bill. The annual
income produced by this aingle province ls reported to be two-thirds thai.
of the entire nation. Although Catalonia covers only one-sixteenth of the
area of Spain it supports one-tenth of
its population.
There ls an old Spanish proverb,
"A Catalejn can turn stone .into
bread." A Catalan is proud of that
proverb. Work is raised to high
dignity in Catalonia. The Catalan
does not envy S(|ville and other Spanish cities their reputation with tourists as quaint spots where the Middle
ages linger unashamed. He lives
in the present He is proud of Barcelona's rows of worklngmen's houses
and smokestacks. Modern machinery
can bc, found on Barcelona's docks.
At the Catalan mines the latest advances in mining engineering are in
evidence. The, Ebro, wbich drains
the whole south -flatnk of the Pyrenees, is dwindling to a creek because i „™i,m
of the rapiid Increase of irrigation. Ill °™ . .
is the Catalan's close link with the
progressive world that has made Barcelona Spain's glass of fashion and
the second city of the nation.
Castiliian Spanish ls official Spanish.     It   ls   standard, like Parisian
Frenh.   But once away from Madrid
one hears all sorts of variations of
Castllian.   Go into Catalonia and you
will hear Another language entirely.
The Catalans, have spent much time
and egort conserving their own language.    Newspapers  are  printed  in
Catalan.   While lt is a Romance language, the tourist equipped with both
French and Spanish  might as  well
stop up his ears when he crosses the
border.   He wdll be deaf to Catalan.
If   the   traveler   comes from the
North he will run into the Catalan
language before hq crosses the border. For many centuries before Spain
and France" became well-knit states,
Catalonia was ai saddle over the Mediterranean end of the Pyrenees moun
tains.   On the French Bide the Catalans have not clung to their heritage
with    thq   palsston of their Spanish
bretheren.   Most of tbem, like Marshal   Joffre,   himself a Catalan, are
deeply loyal to France. But ln Rous-
slllon, ln French Catalonia, one maty
hear in a short walk through the narrow streets, Spanish, Freich with a
Spanish accent, French with a Calta-
lan accent, Spanish with a Catalan |
accent,   Spanii sh with al Frencb accent, Catalan with a Frepoh accent,
and Catalan with a Spanish accent,
Catalonia has a flag, too.   It ls a
yellow belnner with four diagonal red
stripes.   There Is a flne story to the
design. A dying  Catalan  dero  drew
his bloody vngers across his yellow
scarf and gave lt to his countrymen
for  a  standard.   While   the  banner
does not c|ppear often in public, It Ib
Introduced In coat lapels, automobile
radiator caps and Insignia for athletic
So normal are Its occelslonal revolutions, uprisings and riots tbat Barcelona has two kinds of police. One
kind, the "urbanos," attract Immediate attention by their reid coa-ts and
walking sticks. They are charged
only with the regulation of traffic
and with directing strangers about
their beautiful city.
Thei other kind, the "carabineros,1
usually are mounted, go armed, stand
at police crossings and other strate
gie points; and theirs is the duty of
putting down any incipient uprising.
Seldom do these attain thel importance of a revolution. ^^^^~
Barcelona's grim fortress on a
rocky hill at Its harbor entrance
frowns upon the stranger; but Its
broad, colorful, lively streets welcome him most graciously. It lis a
city of pictures as it was when Washington Irving described it. The years
have not robbed it of Its charms, but
they have brought factories and
noisy traffic.
The more fashionable streets have
curved and crooked **.*,
and bevel effect at each window tier,
are purposely designed, and admire*
tion ls elicited by the delft tiles in
variegated colors which appear below the roofing.
Until 1492 Barcelona was the New
York of the Mediterranean. Its position in the northeastern coast of
Spain actually at about tbe stme latitude as New York city, relatively Ib
to the Mediterranean world what the
Western city is to Atlantic trait
routes. Columbus' voyage was con-
sidt|red a bit of impertinence on the
part of the Catalonlan government to
upset the balance of trade tin favor
of cities in western ifid southern
Soon a movement swept the Catalan provinces, of whioh Barcelona is
the center, for annexation to France.
ln 1640 Catalonia! did rebel against
Philip IV, and gave itself over to
French protection; but its old allegiance was renewed in 1662, and cemented by the peace of Ryswick before the close of the seventeenth
century. In four centuries this had
ameliorated enough to permit the
placing of a statue of Christopher
Columbus ln the Rambla.
Despite its commercial subsidence
when the Atlantic replaced the Mediterranean as tbe major water route1
of civilization, Barcelona| bourlshed.
A year after the late war betweeai
George Dewey and Spain, as O. Henry
put it, Barcelona paid mora than a
tenth of the kingdom's entire revenue
from industrial taxation.
Despite liits disorders and its mod-
nlsm, Barcelona retains many
relics of those mellow times when
Cervantes nufie it the setting for Don
Quixote's later adventures. There
still are church possessions, lottery
ticket sellers, policemen with red
coats and helmets, bower stlls and
caged-bird vendors.
dlstiint from us.      ^^__________*
As a result of this determination of
the distance- of seberal thousand
stars, astronomers have determined
that our sun ls near the middle rank
in absolute brightness. In fafct, our
sun seejms ln most respects to be an
average citizen of the heavens. Rigel
ls about 10,000 times brighter than
the sun, which In turn is about 10,000
times brighter than the faintest stars
yet photographed.
As for the sun's size, its dlt (meter
haB long been known to be about 860,-
000 milts. One of the proud achievements of recent astronomy is the ete
THE Grand Gorks school board
met ln the dty hall on Tuesday
evening, all the members being
present with the exception of Trustee McDougail. The entire high
school staff was also In a/ttendance.
The board declared Itself to be ln
fover of the teaching of general
science In Grade IX of the) high
sohool, together with French a|s a
Mrs Carsley, one of the high
school Instructors, offered to teach
Latin after the regular school hours
to any students anxious to take up
tbat subject.
REAT  preparations   are   being
made   at   Brilliant by the Doukhobor colony of that place for
the reception of young Peter Veregin,
who is the new leader of the- Doukho-
termination^ of""the"diaii'etere oTsev-'l bors ■*■** CanaW* an(- wh° ls "Peeled
Oral other stars. The gigantic red
stars such as Betelgeuse and Anta|res
are found to be from 200,000,000 to
400,000,000 miles in diameter, or several hundred times that of the sun.
Sirius is less than twice the sun's
diameter. If It were possible to carry
the measurements to very faint stars,
doubtless some would be found much
smaller than the sun, according to
Doctor Abbott
trians in the center and on the outside of the trees aro the highways.
Here the struggle of the old and the
new ls epitomized in the automobile,
the horse-drawn carriage, the "mule
bus,' which Ib just what its name implies, and the donkey cm-Is with the
^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^-----__ exceptionally small animals of Span-
wearing  hlgh-heeled  shoes  and  silk -Sh breed.
stockings, here is the, way I'm solng     Women   frequent   the    streets as
to Bit on the grass." they do nowhere else ln Spain;  and
night while sitting on the floor in
front of her mother, who was reading, she suddenly surprised her
mothe|r by stretching out on the rug,1
reclining on her left arm and saying:
"Mother, when I grow up t-tnd get lo
ODERN astronomy is the
nterpretation of the mes-
lages of light, and modern
Astronomers, within tht last 26 years,
have deciphered these messages to
obtain astounding facts on the total
number of stars, their distance and
sizes, their ages and composition,
movement and relation to life. That
is thq gist of a remarkable lecture
read at the recent meeting of the
American Philosophical society by
Dr. C. G. Abbott, acting secretary
of the Smiithsonlaln Institution and
director of its astrophysical observatory. In cooperation with Dr. S. A,
Mitchell, of the University of Virginia, Dootor Abbott Ib preparing a
book on the subject of the lectures,
to be called "Fundamentals ot Astronomy."
The new astronomy estimates the
number of sU|rs at 30,000,000,000, according to Doctor Abbott. The flrBt
step in attaining this estimate is the
elimination of tbe Idea that the number of stars Is infinite. This ls accomplished by the argument that If
thel stars were infinite ln number and
f spsjee were infinite In extenslon.the
whole vault ot the heavens would
glow as brightly as the sun.
Thei next step Is to divide tho stars
Into magnitudes of brightness. Then
selected areas over the heavens are
photographed by processes which record stars al million times fainter
than the naked eke can see. The
number of stars brighter than speci-
fle-d magnitudes lying ln many small
sample regions of the sky are counted. It is found from these counts
that a definite relationship exists between the ratio of increase of the
numbers of stars and their magnitudes, and thrat this ratio of increase tapers off toward zero as the
stars grow fainter. Assuming tbat
the relationship holds good for stars
beyond what the telescope can ste,
it la possible to Integrate the total
number of st-frs. Thirty billion is
tlie answer.
Doctor Albbott summarizes several
remarkable) recent methods of sounding the depth of space. It was about
the year 1840-before the flrst star distances were mt<asured, g*nd at theibe-
ginning of this century less than 100
were known. In thjs last 25 years
nearly 2000 star distances have bcen
measured by observing the angular
displacements of the stars during six
months' periods. Another thousand
distanced have been obtained by the
"dynamical" method, which is only
possible where stars move in pairs.
A close scrutiny of absorption lines in
the spectra of some 3000 other stars
on the   Rambla,   Barcelona/a    Fifth has provided t\\ mcjans of computing
Experiments reported by Brooks,
Cooley and Fisher in 1919 suggested
that the storage life of apples might
be- prolonged by wrappiny them In
paper impregnated wltb mineral oil.
In order to find out whether the oiled
wrap was likely to provc| valuable to
British Columbia fruit growers an
Investigation was started at the Summerland experimental station the following ycfar. Tbls project has been
continued and extended each year
since ethat t ime so that a larg
amount of information has now been
secured. ^^^~
Briefly it may be said that the oiled
wrap he's fully justified the claims
of the originators. It has its limitations, however, and the realization of
these by fruit growers and shippers
will save much needless expense,
The oiled wrap ls of no benefit in the
control of such diseases as Jonathan
spot, bitter pit and breakdown. The
influence, which it exerts on, the rate
of ripening ts very slight, but it does
retard shrivelling to an appreciable
extent. Furthermore, apples wrapped in oiled paper halve been observed to come out of storage noticeably brighter in appearance than
those) wrapped in common pistper or
stored loose. It ls in connection with
the control of scald, however, that
the oiled wrap has proved most valuable.
In thei past scald has ct|used very
serious losses In Grimes Golden,
Wagtner, Newtown, Stayman, Arkan
sas, Ben Difvls, Gano and York Im
perial. The disease has been found
to occur also on Rome Beauty, Jmi-a-
than, Winter Ilttiiaiini and Winesnp,
but these varieties have seldom boen
affected until late In the storage season and then usuillly to only a slight
extent. Delicious and Mcintosh have
proved very resistant to thn disease.
The oiled wrap has given satlsf-ictory
commercial control of scald ou all
tho above varl«t.-U«i with tho exception of Newtown This variety appears to present a Bpeclal problem
and until further Infomatlon ls se-
curud it seems ajdvlsable to store it
loose under conditions of good ventilation.
The effectiveness of the oiled wrap
in preventing scald lies in its power
to absorb certain injurious products
given off by the applo,. For this reason It is important that fruit wrap
ped in oiled po|per after picking. This
applies especially to early maturing
validities such as Grimes Golden,
Furthermore, it is necessary to have
a fairly lt*.*rge_ uantlty of oil In close
proximity to the apple, so that for
best results the paper should contain about 20 per cent of oil. The
findlngsh of tbis investigation leave
no doubt as to the economy of using
oiliM wr;|is on such varieties as
Grimes Golden, Wagener, Stayman,
Arkansas, Ben Davis, Gano antl York
Imperial but it seems questionable
whijlu-r the additional expense involved Is justived with varieties
which are less susceptible to scald.
to arrive in Brilliant this wetk.
Word has been received that young
Peter has left Russia for Canada, Intending at lam to come and take over
the leadership in succession to his
father, the late Peter Verigin.
A grand reception Ib being planned
at Brilliant.
Since 1909, Young Peter bas been
leader of the Doukhobor colony ln
southern Russia, where, because of
their pacifist policies, they have been
the subjects of persecutions When
the soviet government came into
power, the- Doukhobors were not molested for a number of years, but
when they refused to serve in the
soviet Red army, Veregin was taken
prisoner and sentenced to exile in
Turkestan, the modern 6ibera|.
Subsequent petitions which poured
Into the soviet offices induced the
government to give permission for
the leader to come to Canada, and
his rqlease from prison was ordered
after he bad served about six months
His mother is now a) resident of Brilliant, having come to Canada some
months ago.
Y  isn't" hard-boiled at "aii".   lT"he
-•**• does lose his temper ever so
often that fault ls all your own. Ru-
cently, an ollicer who controls ono
of the busiest corners in the world
dropped into my office and told me
his version of the motor car game.
''Most dttlngeroiis to other motorists are the men who snake ln and
out, overtaking one car on tho left
und the other on the right. When I .
iico a man doing that I always give
him a summons, is-iitl if ho pleads
not guilty ho has a darned hard timu
convincing the judge. Thine snake
drivers endanger everybody. A
careful man may veer slightly to the
right to avoid a hotel In the rw rt
a thing hu has a perfect right to do.
At thn same time some fool may try
to puss him on tho right. The result ls a bump and maybe smith, r
•-.-allI  for the ambulance.
"There are some drivers who can
talk while they drive, kutplng their
eyes on the roud. But I here are' a
lot who turn nround to the party
Kitting next to thi in, or who talk
-.villi their hands, 'they're bud onos.
Thnt's recklessness of the worst sort.
"Then therii'B the young kid of
seventeen or eighteen, generally a
ror<|giier, who bas just got a Job
driving and doesn't know how to do
anything excepting step on the gas.
That sort makes trouble and gets
Into trouble in about equal
"If every motorist was required by
law to ci|rry liability Insurance It
would help a lot. Then every man
who was guilty of negligence result
Ing in an accident would forf■}• hla
insurance and also his driving license. And believe me, If we cleared the) road of a few of these drnnh.
bells tht(t don't know their ri" ■
from their left there'd be a lot few**
hurry calls for the ambulant*, i.
"And there's the kind that has
stopped at some road-house and bad
a little too much bad 11 uor. We
halve always had that kind even in
the good old daya when most of the
liquor was good. When Buch people
come to grief it's often In the. middle
of the night and it generally means
work for the undertaker."
As a rule the more a man chips in
the inore he has to shell out. THE SUN: GE AND FOBKS, BRITISH COLUMBIA
Ste (Srattfc Iteks §u«
One Year (in Canada and Qreat Britain) f 1.00
One Year (in the United States)    1.50
ggpAddresr -" ~~-•-*—-cations to
siTbx Grand Forki Sum
PflONK 101 Grand Forks, B  C
Notes • Notions • Notables
bells are tuned in the ordinary diatonic scale, efnd are
rung in that order from the highest to the lowest note.
Tie Spice of Life
TRAFFICon a busy main road near Bourne, England, j
was held up for ten minutes while a duck laid an egg. ]
A policeman had halted automobiles when the duck started to waddl e •■'cross the road. Halfway over she sat
down. After she had laid the egg, she continued her
journey. (The egg was salvaged and the procession of
halted cars proceeded.
-f*i- many which, when attached to the wrist, will cause
pulse beats to be heard and traced on a diagram. By
this arrangement physicians will then be able to discover
exactly how alcohol, tobaoco, muscular effort and mental
strain affect the wearer's system.
.-X..X*   .*.,. TNH8IHJNO   to   lower a St. Petersburg (Florida) band-
method ofTe'tlnlng' .boundaries,i U st*"-d floor- consisting of a| 16-ton concrete s lab.t o   a
' new base 18 inches below, the contractor found he had
no satisfactory screw Jacks. So he placed twenty-two
no-pound cakes of Ice under the slab.removed the supports, and the sun did the rest.
HITE men who introduced the systmc of plotting land
and   the   surveyor's       	
brought with them to Si-moa the white man's method of
administering oaths. So, officially, the native Samoan
-places his hand upon the Holy Bible to swear that title
to a certain piece of land belongs to htm. But those who
htfve lived there long know that, at heart, the native does
not have thc degree of feiar when an oath is taken upon a
Bible that he had for the old Samoan oath. Where grave
issues are at stake he Is apt to discard the modern form
for the one. While the manner v-tried in the dl fferent
villagB the/ common rite was to take a bunch of grass and
lay it on a stone or other object that represented the family or vMelge god. The contesting parties would spy with
hand resting on the grass, "In the presence of this whole
assembly, I lay my hand on ths* grass. If I hav# declared
fafifely may I suddenly die." If often happened thiat one
making false oath would be seflzed with superstitious fear
that would overcome him or cause him to confess. The
meaning of the grass was that, should the o-ath bei false,
he and hts entire family would be exterminated from the
face of the e^th and their habitation covered with grass
DOGS iand cats often refuse to recognize their transfer
from one owner to another, returnining again and
again to their old homes. Recently a farmer .in Conway,
in North Wales, sold his cow into Denbighshire. Next
aioniiiiig she was found in her old home waiting to be
milked. She must havt crossed Conway river walked
through Conway town, and leaped a four-foot wall to get
FROM George Dllnot's "Story of Scotland Yard,"as it
tells of the testing of the defective chalTeur.   i"A cap-
i* 'ii'Jir'.y* r~'-': **,?' v arsi ••■', v*&ssss*t
sitting at his side. A shot rings out and be is Informed
that one arm is 'wounded.' With one hand, therefore,
he has to continue his journey at speed. Age|tn, a (bundle of hay is thrown lin front of the. car unexpectedly. He
has to dodge this obstacle without the faintest hesitation. In quick succession a bewildering numbtjr of
orders lis rapped out, each of which halt to Ibe Instantly
obeyed. Many of thepe cars have wireless, by which constant touch may be maintained with headquarters, eitber
Iby tele-phone or by the Morse code." A spy ma'y do with
an, argus eye, but the sleuth in the Scotland Yard car
must have an iron nerve.
HOWEVER men may come to heights of fame amd distinction, and however great thel applause f the world
may be, thtre ls always that in. their more Intimate life,
within the homo circle, a|nd more particularly their conscious response to the mother influence, that constitute
the genesis of their greatness and the secret of ther
power. The splendid inaugural .address of President
C.arfleld made a profound imprcissi n upon those who
heard it, but his turning at the close to his ajged mother
-Ind kissing her stirred thi) de)epest emotions of the vast
audience. /After all, it is those finer exhibitions of the
tender slde of our nature that disclose the real worth of
ur character. That was a flne sentence that some one
wrote, "No man is greater than his mother."
A CHIMPANZEE might be taught to talk with its fingers, as deaf pc-ople talk, more easily than it could be
taught to imitate sounds of human speech, in the opinion
of Dr. Robert M. Yerks and Ma-rgaret S. Child of the. Institute of Psychology at Yale university. Several scientists who observed and studied higher apes have tried to
teach them to say words, 'but without much success, theBe
psychologists state ln reporting in the Quarterly Review
of Biology whalt is now known about anthropoid behavior.
"Perhaps the chief reason for the) ape's failure to develop speech is the absence of a tendency to imitate
sounds," Dr. Yerkes explains. "Seeing strongly stimulates to imitation, but hearing ajppears to have no such
T-fft-ct.' He believes that the sounds made by apes are
not language, but are primarily emotional expressions,
which are not learned by imitation      *
Just what a green servant girl ca|n
do anyway often puzzles the distracted housekeeper nowadays. Robert H. Johnson ln Remembered Yes-!
terdays thinks that we must expert,
to hear of such exptriences as thc|t;
of a Swedish-American friend ot his
who, needing a maid of all work, re-!
sorted to a Scandinavian agency.
There she found tt sturdy Finnish
girl and asked what she could do,'
Could she cook. 'No, she could not
cook. Could she do thei washing?
No. Could she wait on table? No.
Well, what could she do?      •
The girl thought for a moment and
the replied, "Vel, ly can milk the
The conjuror's turn had not been
going.at all well, says the Tatler, but
he stuk doggedly to his task.
"Now," he said, "it sjny lad; or
gentleman ln the audience will oblige
mje with an egg, I will pdoceed to
pilrform an amazing trick."
There was a momentary silence,
then from the back of the hall crime
a voice: "If anybody 'erci 'ad a egg,
you'd 'ave 'ad lt long ago."
'Tell me," said Prunella, whose
husband alwtlys takes the paper with
him ln the morning, "did Outzon
Borglum etver get out of that cave the
dogs were taking the serum to?"
Once a city man out of work had
"hired out" to a farmer. At 4 o'clock'
in the morning the newly employed
hired man w-fs called to breakfast.
A ir-inutes later the farmer was as-
tonlsheid to see the man walking off
down the road.
"Say! Come back amd eat breakfast 'fore you go to work! he yelled.
"I'm not goln* to work," the man
called back. "I'm going to find a
place wheire I can stay UU night."
A woman at a luncheon party said
to a famous sculptor, "I ajlways think
sculpture must be very dlfflcut.
Isn't it?" To which the sculptor
modestly replied, "Oh, no. All you
have to do is to get a block of marblej
and a chisel and knock off all the
marble you don't W£|at."
Proved safe by millions and prescribed by physicians for
Colds     Headache     Neuritis        Lumbago
Pain      Neuralgia     Toothache ?  Rheumatism
.Accept only, "Bayer" package
which contains proven directions.
Handy  "Bayer" boxes of IS tableta
         Also bottles of 84 and 100—Druggists.
Asplrta It tbt trtSt surk (reflstsnd la Osntds) nf Bsj-w Uunfsctart tf MfstfUt
tcMtsltr of 8sllarUcscld (Aettfl SsllcjllC AcM, "A. 8. A."). White It ll Ws-U kssMfS
Uut Aspirin hkshs Barer msnufsctore, to assist tbe public sf slust iBlutlmt, tbt TaMaM
ot Baiw Oo-Btaor will bt tUrnptd with thtir ftatial trastt mark, tht "Bsjjee O-sat."
KAIRNAK ls a villagt in upper Egypt with a population
of albout 15,000. The village hais given its name to the
northern half of tho) ruins of Thebes on the east bank of
the Nile, the southern pprt being known as Luxor. The
Karnak ruins comprise three grejat enclosures built f
crude brick. The most northern and smallest of these
contained a tejmple of the god Mont, ibuilt by Amenophis
III, and restored by Rameses II and the Ptolemies. Except a well-preserved gateway, little more than the plan
of the foundf|tlon can be traced. The southern enclosure
contained a tejmple of the goddess Mut, and Ib almost as.
ruinous as the east, but on (a much larger scale. The
third or central enclosure Is of vajst dimensions, forming
approximately a s uare of 1500 feet; and lt contains the
greatest of all known temples, the Karnak temple of Amnion. Thebes Ibecajmsj the royal residence, and Amnion
of Karnak was the great god of the state. Different
kings added to the1 temple of Karnak and to Thebes Alexander the Great, the Grecian conqueror of the East,
restored a chamber in the fatal hall. The, wsills in the
'buildings • throughout, as usual in Egyptian temples, are
covered with scenes and Inscriptions, and many record
the annals of kings and of battle's and campaigns.
HISTORY refers to the unfortunate inauguration of
masquerades at the court of Chajrles VI as the '^Burn-
ing Ball(|t." This famous dance was held January 20,
1393, ln connection with a festival In tbe royafl palace at
Paris. The desire of a certain gentleman to crcftte a
sensation by having a de|nce of wild men to pleasei women
resulted In the, selection of King Charles and four of his
noble's to participate in the revel. They had themselves
sewn up tin tight-fitting linen suits covered with resin,
on which a quantity of tow wc|s glued. In this guise they
performed their weird dance. The duke of Orleans In
attempting to discover their .identity, approached too near
one of them with a lighted taper. The tow cclnght Are
and the flamies quickly enveloped the luckless performers. The king was saved from death by the presence of
mind of one of the women, who enveloped hlrsl in the
lengthy train attached to her gown. The. shock, however,
proved too gretft, and he never fully recovered.
COWS were the "rst animals domesticated when eyive
men forsook the,ir clubs for rude plows to till the
Mail. Jn India the cow has been worshiped for centuries.
Sacred cows have bepn maintained In temples and milk
hsa hfid i|i Important place in Hindu magic. Milk has
been the subject of song and poetry since liistorylmgan.
Canaan, the promised land of Israel, was said to flow wltl?
milk i|nd hone/y. Ovid, the Rompn poet, gave milk second place only to nectar, the dring of the gods. Milk foi
ages has been rcgaed as a euro for human ills. The ant-tents discovered it was a tremendous ft/ctor ln building
up and maintaining the .body. This is because milk is
an almost plrfect food, coombinlng nearly all the elements    necessary    for   complete   nourisihment.
THE spectacle of a flve-keeks-old puppy and a two-
weeks-old le|mlb, both being reared and nursed by a
shepherd dog, is reportc-d by Wilson King, -of Carlisle,
Kentucy. The lamb's mother refused to own Ht, and the
baby sho-ep was taken to the King home to be fed by
hand. In a short time It was found nursing the female
shepherd, alongside the puppy.
THE fire trucks we-re rajcing along State street, Bangor,
'Maine. A dog attempted to cross the street, became
b(*widered by the verbal advice showered upon him, and
stopped 4n the path of the oncoming apparatus. Then a
quick-witted policemaji threw his billy, which hit the dog,
prompting him to run for the curb as the; trucks whipzed
SO MID famous people who have lived long lives are:
Thomas Edison, who is 79 ye-ars Old; Judge -Elbert H.
Gary, head of tha United States Stqel corporation, who
was over 80 years alt the time of bis death the other week.
EHhu Root, former secretary of state, is 81 years old.
George H. Putnam, New York publisher is 82 yeairs old.
The late Joseph Kenna, former Unlts-d States supreme
■ourt justice, was 83 years when he died Re*v. Charles
H. Parkhurst, Presbyterian minister, tis '84 years old.
Oliver Wendell Holmes, supreme oout justice, is 85 years
<ld. Simeon E. Belldwin, former governor of Connecticut,
s 86 years old. Joseph G. Cannon, former congressman
,'rom Illinois, was 90 years old when he died. Chauncey
M. Depew, former United States senator, is 92 years old.
Prof. William P. Warren, president of Boston university,
s 93 years old. Ezra Meeker, the Oregon pioneer, ls
16 yttars old. John R. Voorhis, president of the board
if elections of New York city, is 97 years old. John A.
Stewart, banker, is 104 years old. Cyrus H Curtis, editor of the Ladies' Homej Journal, is 76 years old.
Poems From EasternLands
When born, ln tears we saw thee drown'd,
While thine assembled friends around
|With smllts their joy contest;
So live, that at thy parting hour,
Tin y ma|y the Hood of sorrow pour,
And thou in smiles be drest!
BV. DOH1S A. SWETT of West Enfield, Maine, who
worked her way to a college decree, doing seven
years' work tin six, advices young women not to study for
the ministry. She says: "Don't try to preach unless
you feel it is the only thing you can do which will bring
you complete satisfaction."
BSILLS are rung Iln peals In the British Islands only,
With the exception of one or two cases In America
tt\nd tbe Hritish dominions. On tho European continent they are simply clashed, so that the notes of the
hells are not arranged ln any special order.   In England
o4ncient History
Charles Brown, of the Boundary Iron Works, has sold
lis fine residence on the; corner of Victoria avenue and
Fourth street to (Dr. Newcomlbe.
Al Traunweiser is shipping a great deal of fruit this
all from his '50-n|cre orchard south of the city. W. M
Doull, whose ranch adjoins 'Mr. Traunwelser's, Ib also
sending out large quantities of fruit.
A bunch of 25 or 50 Hindus followed the Ideal Amusement cpmpany to iSpokane tast Sundajy morning. It 4s
painfully evident that .the Hindu man stands sorely in
need of education in thei amusement line.
Owing to the recent heavy rains, the waiter in the Ket-
1 le river has risen ovejr three feet.
A foot and a half of snow was reported ln Phoenix yesterday morning. The "beautiful" was also vlslgle to the
naked eye on tlie mountain tops around this city.
The child ot active mind begins
early to inquire. Unto the rldjlle of the'
of Harvard University likes to tell a
story tbat illustrates -that thrufah.
A little boy and g91 of my acquaintance, he says, were tucked up snug
ln bed when their mother heard them
"I wonder what we are here for?"
askejd the little boy.
The Httle girl remembered the lessons that had been taught her and
replied sweetly, "We are here to help
The little boy sniged, "Then what
are the others here for?"
The golfer nonchalantly stepped
up to the tee and swung one of those
carelessly careful drives.
The ball sailed straight down the
fairway, leaped gaily across the green
and dived into the hole like a prairie
"What have yau suddenly gone
crazy about?" inquired the golfer's
wife, who was trying to learn something about the galme.
"Why, I just made a hole ln one!"
yelled the golfer as he essayed a
double handspring with a wild gleam
of delight in his eyes.
"Did you?" sweetly said the little
wooman. "Pleatee do it again, dear.
I diidn'e Bee you."
Another reminder that change Ib
not always progress is an entirely
new way to make turkey stuffing.
iMr. Murphy was taking his first
flight ina n t-'lrplane. The pilot was
taking him over San iFrancisco and
when they were about 8000 feet up
the plane went into a nose dive.
"I'll bet 50 per cent of the people
down there thought we were falling,"
the pilot remarked.
'-Sure," answered Mr. Murphy,"atad
I know danged well 50 per cent of
the people up here thought so, too."
"My niece Is quite theatrical," remarked old Mrs. 'Blunderby. "Next
week she is taking part ln a Shakespeare! play at college."
"Which of his plays ls lt?" her
ctjller asked.
"Edith mentioned the name of it,
but I'm not sure whether it's 'If You
Ulke It That Way' or Nothing Much
'"The next thing, I suppose," growled Mr. Grump, who thought his liberties were being tampered with,
"thciy'll be controlling a man's
thoughts by government edict."
"They're doing that now Indirectly," answered his companion. "I
spend most of my time thinking
about how I'm going to pay my
Mrs. Benham—I hate to see the
moon over my left shoulder.
Benham—Well, you can move your
shoulder easier than you can the
moon. ff^
Ruth rode In my new cycle] car,
In the seat in back of me;
I took a bump alt fifty-five,
And rode o nruthlessly.
Applications for immediate purchase of Lois
and Acreage owned by thc City, within 11 it-
Municipality, are invited.
Prices:—-From $2.j.00 per lot upwards.
Terms:—-Cash and approved payments.
List of Lots and prices may be seen"nl rite
City Clerk.
"Bridget! What  in  th«]  world    ls
my wrist wa|ch doing in the soup?"
"Shure, mum, ye towld me ter put
a little tolme in it an' that's the littlest wan Oi cud foind!"
Sometimes the informality
of the spoken word
is more effective
than a letter.
British   Columbia  Telephone
Con* pany_
===S===*=====5^     1
THE SUN prints all the loeal news
and carries a number of interesting
features found in no other Boundary
paper   $1.00 per year
Canadian Engineers Coming Back
tern district    (oxcept the    electoral
. district of Cariboo situate and lying
D. McCALL WHITE. Eeslzned tha
first V-typa, eight-cylinder engine,
the first of the high-speed school.
He Is a, graduate of the Royal
Technical College of Glasgow, and
befor* going to U.S.A. had locomotive experience and did designing
work for the Arrol-Johnston, All-
British, English Daimler and tha
De Lucca-Daimler, the Napier and
tha Croesley, and his cars have been
winners of tba Dewar trophy In
England. In tha United Statea ha
haa bean chiefly connected with
Cadlllaa design and later with tha
Lafayett*.    Present
residence    In
Engineers of outstanding ability,
Canadian-trained, are looking
towards the development of the
Industries and natural resources
of Canada so that they ean come
back. In fact, several prominent
engineers have eome back to Canada during the past few months.
An outstanding Instance of this ls
Mr. D. McCall White, a Scotchman by birth, wbb, after serving
aa Vice-President and General
Manager ot the Cadillac Motor
Company and more recently as
Vice-President and General Manager of the Lafayette Motor Company, haa announced his acceptance of an executive position with
Brooks Steam Motors, Limited,
whose President, Mr. O. J. Brooks,
bad searched the ranks of executives ln Canada, the United
States, England and Europe. One
of the remarkable tblngs regarding Mr. White's change from the
conventional type of motor to
steam is the fact that he started
originally as a steam engineer,
and it ls undoubtedly affection for
this flrst love which has Induced
him to give support to the manufacture of steamer care. Mr. White
undoubtedly ranks with the foremost pioneers of the automotive
Mr. White's flrst Important experience ln the designing of motor
ears came during 1906 and 1907,
when he was employed by the
Daimler Motor Car Company as
special designing engineer. Afterwards he went to Naples aa General Manager of the Italian Company. After completing his work
for tbe Daimler Company, Mr.
Wblte joined D. Napier and Son,
Limited, of London, England, as
Chief Engineer. Napier built the
first six cylinder car ln the world
and lt was Mr. White's Job to
design a car which would remain
supreme In speed tests for two
years. This he succeded in doing
and during his connection with
the Napier Company he designed
three of the highest priced cars in
To many of the leading men In
the industry, Mr. White's acceptance of steam as tbe logical method of transportation ls significant
of the change which ls taking
place In the Industry Itself. There
are many today who wonder
whether the genius which has
gone Into the making of the modern motor car has not been misapplied. Perhaps the situation
was best summed up by O. J.
Brooks, President of Brooks
Steam Motors: "It would have
been Impossible for us to Interest
D. McCall Wblte," he said, "had
lt not been for his early years of
experience In the designing of
steam engines for motor purposes
and his long standing belief that
steam is the ultimate power for
road transportation. Mr. White
foresees a future when steam
engines will take the place of internal combustion engines for
automobiles, buses, trucks, tractors, and all motor vehicles.   He
bases his prediction on his many
yeara ot experience in the automotive field."
And ln connection with the appointment, too, Mr. Brooks made
a significant statement. "I had
the pleasure of riding with Mr.
White at the rate of over flfty
miles an hour ln our newly developed bus," he said. "He was
supremely delighted with its performance. After a thorough examination of the boiler and
burner units and other features
of its construction, he declared
that the Brooks Steam Bus was in
a class by Itself, and so far superior ln performance and long life
that competitive products would
make no showing against it"
In his connection with General
Motors and as Chief Engineer of
Cadillac Motors, Mr. D. McCall
White met a great many of the
younger .generation of Canadian
engineers drawing down very substantial salaries. "It is only natural for them to go where there ls
work for them to do," he explained, "and as soon as the present
prosperous trend in Canada brings
development work to the fore,
you will find Canadian graduates
flocking back again."
Announcement is also made by
the same company, of the appointment of Mr. H. A. Oswald as Factory Manager. Mr. Oswald has
been in the automobile business
for a period of twenty years as an
executive for some of the largest
manufacturers ln the States. He
was born in Toronto, July 16th,
1890, where he spent his boyhood and received his education,
Later he went through a post
graduate course in mechanical
engineering at the School ot
Science, Pottsdown, Pa., from
which institution he received his
degree of Technical Engineer.
Returning to Toronto, he served
a six year apprenticeship at the
James Morrison Brass Manufacturing Company, under the direction of bis father, who was at that
time General Manager ot the Company, the oldest and largest brass
company in Canada.
Another Canadian with quite a
distinguished engineering career
in the United States ls also-joining the same organisation, in tbe
person of Mr. J. Heber Coyne,
B.Sc, who obtained his degree in
electrical and mechanical engineering from tbe University of
Toronto in 1909, and ls a native
of St Thomas, Ontario. He has
had a remarkable career as Chief
Engineer ln the development of
the Knight Sleere Valve Engine,
and during the war, with-the
Packard Motor Company he had
charge of design work of the
Light Six and Liberty Aircraft
Engine, and after that became a
member of the Advisory Engineering Staff of General Motors.
He Is a member of the Institution of Automobile Engineers of
Great Britain and Society of
Automotive Engineen ot America.
i to the west of the -Fraser river, and
that furtheir portion of he    Eastern
district situate and lying to the south
of the main line of the Canadian Pacific railway), open season from September 1 to December 15.
Wapiti (Elk)
Wapiti (Elk), of the male   sex, in
the electoral districts of Fernie.Cran-
j brook and Columbia, except that por-
j tion of the Columbia electoral district
situate and lying to the West of the
Columbia river, open season from Oc-
I tober 1 to October 16.
Mountain Sheep
Mountain sheep, of the male sex,
the Eastern district, In that portion
thereof situate and lying to the north
ot the main line of the Canadian National railway, formerly known as
the Grand Trunk Pacific railway, and
in those portions of the electoral dis
tricts of Cariboo and Lillooet situate
and lying to the south of the 62nd
parallel of latitude and west of the
Fraser river, open season from September 1 to November 16.
In the electoral districts of Fernie,
Cranbrook and Columbia, open season from October 1 to October 31.
Mountain Goat
Mountain goat, ln tbe Eastern district, except tha portion thereof de-
Bcriber as follows: "Commencing at
a point on the international boundary
where it is intersected by the center
line of the Columlbia river; tbence
northerly along the said center Une
of the Columbia river to the Arrow
lakes; thence northerly along th
center line of the Arrow lakes and
Columbia river to the Canadian Pacific railway; thence westerly following the boundary of township 6,
range 26, west of the 6th meridian,
being a point south of Tale; thence
east along the north boundaries of
township 6, ranges 26 and 26, to the
easterly boundary of the watershed
of the Fraser river; thence southerly
along the easterly boundary of the
said watershed to the international
boundary line; thence easterly along
said international boundary to the
point of commencement," open season from September 1 to Decembsr
B*t*t _*m******am^^m
Bear   (except White  or Kermodei
Bear), In the Eastern district open
season from September 1 to June 30,
Provided   that   no   bear shall be
trapped in the Eastern district.
Deer '
Deer (Mule, White-tall and Coast),
bucks only, throughout the Eastern
district (except White-tail Deer ln
North and South Okanagan and Similkameen electos-al districts and in
the Grand Forks-flreenwood electoral
district west of the summit of the
Midway mountains), open season
from September 1 to December 15.
Herbert was confiding his troubles
to a friend.
"Yes, she refused nfej," he sr(id,wiith
a curious smile, "but she did it in a
most encouraging way."
"IHow was that?" asked his friend.
"It doesn't seem to worry you much."
"Ab I wept away she pointed to my
-footprints on the linoleum In the hall
and said: "Next time you come to
propose to me I hope you'll remember
to wipci your boots on the mat."
And so you (have delded to plunge
I yourself into tbe literary world, doctor?"
"Ves, indeed, I have. Tou have
no idea what an enormous demand
there is for the books on symptoms
among the people who haven't anything the matter with them!"
An idle brain Ib Uie devil's workshop. An Idle mule is the devil himself.
ate and lying to the) west of the sum
mit   of   the cascade mountains and
Bouth of the electoral district of At-*
Un."   The  Eastern  district includes
all the remainder of the province.
The dates given of   opening   and
closing of seasons are inclusive
In the Eastern district, all fur-bearing animals (except Beaver and
Muskrats), open season from Novem
ber 15 to April 30, 1928.
i In the Eastern district, Muskrats
and Beaver, open season from March
16 1928, to April 36, 192.8
Ducks j
! Ducks (except wood and Elder
Ducks), Wilson Snipe, Coots, Geese
and Brant, throughout the Eastern
district, , open season from September 15 to December 31.
| Grouse and Ptarmigan
I Blue Grouse only, in the Eastern
: district in that portion thereof
' known as the Grand Forks-Greenwood electoral district and that portion of the Similkameen electoral
district situate and lying east of Allison creek, the South Similkameen
river and the Pasayton river, open
season from September 16 to October 15.
Grouse (Blue and Willow) and
Ptarmigan (except Prairie Chicken
or Sharp-tailed Grouse), ln the Eastern district in that portion thereof
known aB the Cariboo electoral district, open season from September
15 to November 16. In the remainder of the Eastern district (except |
the electoral districts of Omineca
Skeena, Fort George, AtUn, North
andtSouth   Okanagan,    open    season
may ba extracted from the fragrant
tea-leaves if the following rules are
followed eyactly:
Rule No. 1—The best quality of
tela must be used. The tea also must
be fresh, to yield the full goodness.
Rule No. 2—The quality of the water used will affect the bavor of the
beverage in the cup. Draw fresh
cold water and bring it to a hard bubbly boil. Never uso water tbat has
been boiled before. Sometimes chlo-
ine put ln water to purify it will completely change the flavor of the tea.
The water is to blame, however, and
not, the tea. ^^^^
Rule No. 3—It is proper that only
a crockery or china teapot be used,,
never one of metal or any other sub
stance If the pure and delicious fla
vor ot thel tea Is to be drawn out Toa
likewise should never be enclosed In
a hetal tea-ball.
Rule No. 4—The tqapot must be
scalded out with boiling water and
while it Is warm, place ln It one level
teaspoonful of tea for etach cup required.
Rule No. 5—Now pour the boiling
water on the leaves. Allow to steep
in a warm place for we minutes.
Stir just sufficiently to diffuse the
full strength of thetea. Then pour
the lipuld off the leaves lntoanother
heated vessel, unless served immedl
ately. If ipoured off in this way, the
tea will not take on bitter taste,which
even the finest tea will do unless
prevented from over-steeping. Tea
made according to these rules will be
fragrant dertlclous and completely
parallel of latitude, open season trom
October 15 to October 31.
Quail, ln the Eastern district, ln
that portion thereof known as the
electoral district of Similkameen and
South Okanagan, open season from
October 15 to November 15.
Pheasants ^^-_
Pheasants, cock birds only, in the
Eastern district; in the electoral dis
trict of South Okanagan; that por
tion of the Sfaiilkameen electoral
district situate and lying to the east
of Allison creek, the South Similkameen river and the Pasayton river;
in the electoral district of North
Okanagan (except that portion situate and lying to the east of the Coldstream municipality), and ln the municipality and district municipality
of Salmon Arm, open season from
October 15 to November 16.
Cock birds only, in the Eastern district in the North Okanagan electoral district, comprising that certain
parcel or tract of land lying within
the drainage area of Duteau, Harris
and Bessette creeks, and being
bounded on the north by the Crelgh-
ton valley Vernon road, on the west
by the eastern boundary of Coldstream municipality, and on the
south by the south boundary of the
North Okanagan electoral district,
open season from October 15 to October 31.
Cock birds only, in the Eastern
district m thatportlon of the electoral distric of Creston situate and lying to the west Kootenay Landing,
open season from October 15 to October 16."
Cock birds only, in the Eastern
district, ln that portion of the electoral district of Lillooet along the
Fraser river from Big Bar creek on
the north to Texas creek on the
south, extending a distance of ten
miles on the west side of the Fraser
river and for a distance of thirty-five
miles on the east side of the said
river, open season from October 15
to October 31.
European Partridge
European Partridge, in the Eastern district, in the electoral districts
of Similkameen and North and South
Okanagan, open season from October
15 to November 15.
In the Eastern district, in that por
tion thereof known as the municipality of Salmon Arm, open season
from November 1 to November 15.
Caribou.—-In that portion of the
Eastern district lying to the north of
the main Une of the Canadian National railway, formerly known as
the Grand Trunk Pacific railway, no
person sball at any time kill or take
or have in their possession during
the open season more than two'
caribou, and in those portions of the
Eastern district lying to the south'
of the Canadian National railway,'
formerly known as tbe Grand Trunk'
Pacific railway, no person shall at
any time kiU or take or have ln their j
possession during the open season
more than one caribou.
Wapiti (Elk), Moose and Mountain'
Goat—Throughout  the  province  no
person shall at any time kill or take'
or   have   in their   possession during |
the open season more than one wapiti (elk), one moose and two mountain goat.
Game Birds
Pheasants (cock birds only).—Except in the electoral district of Creston: Daily bag limit, 44; total bag
limit, 16. In the electoral district of
Creston: Daily bag limit, 3; total
bag limit, 6.
Quail.—Daily bag limit, 10; total
bag limit, 100.
Grouse and Ptarmigan (except Pral
rle Chicken or Sharp-tailed Grouse.—
Dally   bag limit 6 of one species or
12 of all species; total bag limit, 50
I in the aggregate.
, Prairie Chicken or Sharp-tailed
l Grouse.—In the electoral district of
Fort Oeorge: Daily bag limit, 6;
total bag limit 50. In the electoral
districts ot Cariboo and LIUooet:
Daily bag limit 3; total bag limit 12.
European Partridge.—Dally bag
limit, 4; total bag limit, 15.
Ducks.—Dally bag limit, 20; total
bag limit, 350.
Geese—Daily bag limit, 10; total
bag limit, 50.
Brant—Dally bag limit, 10; total
bag limit 50.
Wilson Snipe.—Daily bag limit, 26;
total bag limit, 160.
Coots.—Dally bag limit 25; total
bag limit 150.
Every person, upon the request of
anyy constable or game warden,
shall furnish satisfactory proof to
him of the locality and dates on
which any game was by him killed
or taken. ,
The open season declared by the
regulations do not apply to the hunting, taking or having ln possession
of quail, pheasants, prairie chicken
(sharp-tailed grouse) or partridges
when snow ls on the ground.
from September 15 to October 15.
Ptarmigan, ln the Eastern district,
in that portion thereof known as the
GAME  electoral districts of Omineca,Skeena
j Fort George and Atlin, open season
*m_______mss__m_____*^g___       j trom. September 15 to November 15.
Moose, of all male sex, in that por-      Pralrle    chicken   or    Sharp-tailed
The temporary Game Regulations
for 1927, gazetted May 19, have been
withdrawn and retplaced with a com
plete   set, gazetted on June 30.   In
publishing     the   regulations   so far,     . — — —~ *.*, «,"« pur-      prairie    Chicken   or    Sharp-tailed
ahead of the opening of the shooting tion of the electoral district of Omin- omuse, in the EaBtern district, in
season, the game board is showing a [ wa situate and lying to the north of that portion thereof known as the
measure of readiness in meeting tho ' ®*e m*'0 lltt8 Pf the Canadian Nation- electoral district of Fort George,
wishes of sportsmen. In 1925, the re-j al railway, formerly known as the B*tUate and lying to the north and
gulatlons did' not appear in the B. C. Grand Trunk Pacific railway, and in east ot _-e Rocky mountains, open
Gaiette until August 27. Publication! the electoral districts of Atlin, Fort
m^-^-^s^s^s^aaaamma^am       ^ ^, ae0Tg6   amj   cariboo,   open   season
| from Septetmber 1  to December 16.
In tbe electoral district of Colum- inctg or €arlb00 and Lillooet. situate
— „__ *.. .**,*>*!*> «cePt that portion thereof situ- and ^ t0 the south of the   53rd
Northern district has been abolished,  "-to and lying west of the Columbia tor . thousand years or more, the sub
and the province, ls now divided into ' river.   "P*^   season from October 1 t^   ot   preparing   the leaf for con
Eastern and Western districts only.   to October 31.
was .made last year on July
tail .year a month earlier.
The principal change is in the re-,
alignment of the game* Districts. The,
season from September 1 to Octo
ber 16. In the Eastern district, in
those portions of the electoral dis?
tricts of Cariboo and Lillooet. situate
The Western district is defined
sumption has become a fine art and
a ceremony, but the full delicious re
  ._ „„    „„ --      - a ceremony, but the full delicious re-
"all that section of the -province situ-j    Caribou, of the male sex, in tbeBaa-i freshment and healthful stimulation
Big Game
'Deer.—No person anywhere in the
Eastern district shall kill or take or
have ln their possession during   the
open season more than two deer, all
of which must be of the male sex.
Bear.—-No person* anywhere In the
province   shaU   at   any time kill or
ake or have in their possession during   the   open season more than two
grizzly bear and three bear   of   any
other species.
Mountain Sheep.—In   that   portion'
of   the   province north of the main!
line   of   the Canadian National rail-'
way, formerly known as the Grand'
Trunk    Pacific   railway,    no person1
shall at any time kill or Uke or have'
in   their   possession more than two'
mountain   sheep.   In    the   electoral
districts   of   Fernie, Cranbrook and
Columbia,   and in those portions of
the Cariboo and    Lillooet    electoral
districts situate   and   lying   to   thc
south of the 62nd parallel of latitude
and west of the Fraser river, no per-
Son shall at any time kill or take or
have ln their possession more  than
one mountain sheep.
People take The? Sun
because they ||believe
it is worth the price we
charge|| for it. It is
£j H;therefore reasonable to
suppose that they read
its contents, including
advertisnients. This
is not -always the case
wifh newspapers that
are offered as premiums wilh chromos or
lottery tickets
Advertising "to help
the editor.'V But we do
want businessadvertis-
ing by progressive business men who; know
that sensible advertising brings results and
pay. If you have something to offer the public that will ^benefit
them and you as well,
the newspaper reaches
more people than a bill
sun readers
know what
Fhey want
and if you have the
goods you can do business with them
Discover For Yourself
To drink a cup is a revelation.   Try it.
His honor Judge J. R. Brown presided at a sitting of the county court
at the court house in this city on
We|dnesd|ay. The only case of any
importance that came up for trial
was that of Robert Lawuon against
the Fruit Products company, in which
the judge reserved his decision. .
P. R. Pincott appeared for the plaintiff iand A. P. Crowq for the defend-
ajni, company. \
D. McPherson, M.L.A., madt a motor car trip to Penticton yesterday.
He will return home' tomorrow.
Ed Mraham and .Mrs. George Arm-
son and son Harry have the most it-
tractive flower g£|rde-as on Bridge
R. A. Brown is expected to return
to 'Ms home at Volcanic City in a few
days from his northern prospecting
A flsh story hsls been in circulation during the prese.nt week to the
effect that the bass in Christina lakt
have petitioned the post o....ce au-
thoritiep at Ottawa not to grant Nat-hap Taylor any more vacations.
The Grand  Porks  Meat Market  is
closing out its business this week.
The Lutherans of the city have
rthted Carl Wolfram's big residence
on Winnipeg avenue, where they
will have their headquarters and
hold their services in futures.
As a result of the recent rains,
the water in the| Kettle river has
risen three feet or more. The same
rise was reported twepty years ago
albout this time of the year.
Within the next two weeks Premier
J. D. MacLean, on behalf on behalf
of British Columblei, will accept the
handsome gift of "Fairacres," the
$500,000 eistate of Frederick Bush-
combe, which has been donated to
the people of the province for hospital purposes. The estate is located
in Burnaby.
Four ships, arriving at Vancouver
within one week, brought more than
.,-20,000,000 worth of silk from the
Orient, for trans-shipment to • New
York. This ie the heaviest movement of its kind on record along this
The Canada Colonization Associa- '
tion, a subsidiary of the Canadian l
Pacific Railway for the settlement I
of  privately-owned  lands  in  Western    Canada,    in    the    first    six
months of 1927 accounted for the
placement of 401 families on 97,944
acres of land.
A little girl who was visiting her
lend had overstayed her time and
knew that she would Ibe late in getting home. She expressed the fear
that her mother woudl give her al
spanking for being late. .Her little
hostess rushed away to another room
and quickly returned with a copy of
Children, the (Magazine for Parents,
which she handed to her friend.
"Take this home to your mother.tell
her to reajd it, and she won't spank
you," she said reassuringly.
The first passenger trip of the
Lethbridge Commercial Airways j
was made on August 7th, between !
High River and Lethbridge by a i
plane piloted by Jock Palmer. It is
announced that commercial flights !
will be arranged between Lethbridge ■
and Waterton Lakes.
Already the muskrat has corns
to lead all other furbearers of the
Dominion in the total value of peltry sold, not alone by reason of
the great number of pelts taken,
but on account of the remarkable
rise in the price of the furs. In
the olden days furs sold in London
for a few cents apiece and in even
more recent times.
■Bob Thompson h,as taken over the
B. C. hotel and Ibeer parlor at Cascade. Walter Larsen, who has conducted these places during the past
summer, is moving to this city.
A washout on the Great Northern
at Orient on Monday delayed traffic
for a few hours.
Ruth Hesse lc|ft on Sunday for
Vancouver, where she will attend
Noi-miil school.
Elton Woodland left, on Tuesday
morning for Vancouver, where he
will resume his studies at the University of British Columbia.
Arrears of tenses in British Columbia were cut from $14,624,*96 in 1918
to $3,926,944o in 1926, the report of
Robert Baird, inspector of municipalities, submitted to Hon. A. M. Man-
son, attorney general, shows. The
report shows a consistent drop ench
year sincel the province begs|n to recover from the war pedlod.
Dr. W. D. Smith and bride return-
etd home on Monday from their wedding tour.
Clarecn Trusjx' and Gordon McCallum left tluis morning for Vancouver, where tbey will resume) their
studies at the University of British
Columlbia. I
sergeant of the Texas Rangers recently recorded that he was deeply
impressed by the rations the infantrymen used in the army of Gen
Joaquin Terrasas of Mexico when he
wsis fighting old Chief Victorio ofthe
Apaches in Me: ieo and Texas in
1880. While on the march dach man
carried a little canvas bag tha(t held
about a quart of ground parched
corn sweetened with a kittle sugar.
A tublespoonful of the mixture
stirred into a pint cup of water made
a good meal, and on that ration the
men were well and strong and, because they traveled light, capable of
taking long forced marches through
rough and difficult country. It shows
what an intelligent man the nreslt
general was.
Mary—Deies he; dress well?
Alice—Dress swell? 1 should say
no! His wife docs all the swell
dressing in that houst.
The airship leaves the earth behind;
And  Fancy, growing  bold,
Says, "castles in tha air" we'll find
By agents bought and sold.
An official announcement has
been made to the effect that the
Canadian Pacific Railway Company
will construct a line from Midland
to Port McNicoll. Public parades
and demonstrations were held in
Midland when the announcement
was made as the citizens feel that
the new line will mean a great deal
in building up manufacturing and
industrial concerns there.
Irene Castle, formerly well-known
dancer, and wife of the owner of
the Chicago Black Hawkes hockey
team, has recently been staying at
the Canadian Pacific Railway hotel,
the Algonquin, with her little daughter. They attended the Charlotte
County Cottage Crafts exhibition
pageant which iB held at St. Andrews every year. Rustic dancing
and folksong featured at the
Recent changes in the department
of Natural Resources of the Canadian Pacific Railway have been effected. P. L. Naismith who has
been manager of that office since
1912 tendered his resignation,
whereupon Mr. S. G. Porter will officiate aa manager. Mr. Naismith
wiU, however, retain his position
as chairman of the Advisory Committee, which he has held for the
past two years.
No Canadian agricultural honor
has come at a more propitious time
than the award of the silver medal
"for outstanding excellence" to the
Canadian exhibit of tobacco prepared by the tobacco division of the
Central Experimental Farm at Ottawa at the Tobacco Exhibition held
at Olympia, London, England, in
May. The Canadian product came
Into competition with that of South
Africa, North and South Rhodesia,
India, Colombia, Italy, Greece and
Macedonia, thus consolidating the
position previously held by Canada
in expert opinion as the producer
of the best tobacco in the British
"They   say   you are   engaged   to
mary a title?"
"I aim so glad," exclaimed Miss Cay
etsne. "It Isn't true. But the suggestion that our folks bave enough
money to support suoh a rumor wiU
vastly Improve father's credit"
Lora—This is a clever little confession story you've written; but
why did you name the man Adam?
Dora—The editor wanted it written
In the flrst person.
-jttALKD TKXDKBS endorsed (a) "Trn.Ii r
° t'jr Kork Creek Uridiw," (Is) "Teiiiias, for
(-HSi-ii'le liridge', will I,,. ret-eived by the
Miittktor of I'u'iIIl- WitIis up t„ nnosi of Monday, Uie Iill, .hi}- of.S.pteii'l.or, 1H27.
rluns, sps-citlt-alions, contr.ii;', and f»rmi nf
ti liner may beaeeti on mid after the Sid dsy
i,rSeiitl'nil^er,192)tAttlin Depart ment of I'ulilic-
t\ or. s, i'urliinuiMt R I'lilintrs null at the fol-
It.w ing ottVtt.: Di.li 1.1 Biitr/iu-er. i ei.tis-loii,
II. C . and Gneial I', riisian, t'ouit-lioiise,
Copt, s of plans.sisei'l dlions. etc.. tor eaeh
of the above two bi idues can be obtained from
uy of the above namtd on payment of a
■lil'Osst of teii,l,i]lirs(lll>), wliloli will bore-
riiinleil on return ol tlie pints, ete., in food
J.ncl, tender must be aos-oini'aiiied by en ac
cepted Imnk cheque on a ebarte, ed bunk of
i miada.    ade pnyabieto the Minister of Ftib-
ii Works, in the sum of (a) Six hundred dollars (WOO) and(b) Twelve hundred dillura
(fl-AM), w'loh ahull ba'torfelied If the  party
e tl, ring decline lo cuter intocontract when
cal el upon to do so The cheque ,-t the sue-
"cs-itil tenderer „ ill lie i-eiaii.s-il fs securlly
toi Hie slue and dishful performance ofthe
work till the satiafaciory completion of the
•■ti l act.
To..-ier* will not be considered unlets msde
,i,l on ill.' foltls supplied,s gi ed wilh Ihe
ac .ml .-l-oiim/p <>f tnu tenderer, n"d eu-
ei< .ed in the ctivslope tin nished.
'I'he Ioc est or any coder not nece.sarily
Ileum v Minister and
Pillule Works Engineer.
Dpp'irtnieiit of Pilbl.e Works,
Purllanie: I lliiildlnsrs,
Victoria, 11. C,
August 31st, 1027.
The time for receiv'ng tenders forth s above
«oi>truetshcs been extended tip till noon ea
Saturday, tlie 17th day of September, 10117.
When all tha world looks wrong,
And nothing seems worth while,
The oly thing to do
Is ditch the frown and smile.
Follows Route of Empire Founders
1. Vlewof tbe locks at the "Soo."   2. The S.S, Asalnlhola locking t",rou«h at Sault Ste. Marie.    3. Transferrin,! from train to ship
t McNicoll.   4. Port McNkoll's fls.. harbour showing train boat* and eleratorain the background.
only takes a minute or two at Port fl
Centuries before the railways, the
automobile, the trolley car, or the
aeroplane, the Great Lakes were the
highways, and canoes the popular
vehicles of transportation, exploration and conquest. Leaving Montreal,
Quebec and other points, the great
La Salle, Marquette, Hennepin,
Radisson and MacKenzie, a gallant
crew of explorers and adventurers,
passed through the Great Lakes on
their way to found Illinois, Indiana
and othor states of the Middle West.
La Salle who went from Quebec to the
mouth of the Mississippi and paddled
his way back, made the Great Lakes
his highway.t He and his dauntless
companions found and lost an empire.
The hardships of these early explorers have been done away with
in modern travel on the great Lakes
but glamour or their expeditions and
the beauties of their route still
remain. Aboard one of the Canadian
Pacific lake steamers like the Assini-
boia or the Keewatn. in the heart of
the continent, the f.esh water sailor
leaves Port McNicol I situated on the
shores of the Georgian Bay, passes
the entire length, through Lake
Huron and the famous "Soo" canal
and locks and into Lr.lie Superior. The
journey requires only two days and is
through one of the most picturesque
parts of the Dominion.
The Port McNicl oil-Owen Sound
journey, aboard tl a Manitoba is
another delightful trip. The latter
port is beautifully rituated between
two high walls of rork at the southern
end of an arm of the Georgian Bay.
This is one of the finest harbours on
the Great Lakes. The journey from
here to the "Soo" is beset with
scenic beauty, along the rocky coast
of the Bruce Peninsula that stretches
away to the north towards Manitoulin
Island. The great cliffs of this
peninsula rise up over 100 feet from
the deep clear waters of the Georgian
From Fort William, one of the
greatest grain centres in the world,
the traveller may proceed westward
across the prairies. Few transcontinental journeys can offer such a
delightful diversion in travel as the
Great Lakes trip. The traveller can
board tbe steamers at Port McNicoll,
travel one fifth of the way across the
continent and then resume his ra!)
journey at the head of the Lakes.
V OTICE IS HKKBVtllVEN that the reserve
" covering Lots 8006a, 8007s *T08i aud
SOW*, Similkameen Division of Yale Distrlot,
is cancelled.
.     G.R. NADBN,
Deputy Minister of Lands,
Dcpn'tmeut of Lands,
Vlet.rla, B. I)..
15lh July,  1327.
Phone ill
Try our Special Tea
at 65c per lb
Shoes, Shirts, Overalls
Goodj values   for your
Call and see 'us before
General Merchant
Transfer Co.
City liug&agc and General
Get Your
at the
Phone 25
'Service and Quality'
E.G, Henniger Co.
Grain, Ray
Flour and Feed
Lime and Salt
Cement and Plaster
Poultry Supplies
Grand Forks, II. C.
TUK value of well-
priuted, neat appearing stationery as
a means of getting and
holding desirable business has bcen amply
demonstrated. Consult us before going
Wodding invitations
Bail programs
Business cards
Vi ••'■ng cards
Sh*: - iug tags
-   Letterheads
Pried lisio
Nev Type
Late it Style
Vacant -unreserved.surveyed Crown
lands may be pre-empted by British
subjects over 18 years of age, and by
aliens on declaring Intention to become British subjects, conditional
upon residence,- occupation and iin-
ment (or agricultural purpoucfe.
Full information concerning regulations regarding ' pre-em-ptlons is
given in Bulletin No. 1 Land Series,
"How to Pre-empt -Land," copies of
wilDlch can be obtained free of charge
by addressing the Department of
Lands, Vjtvtorla, B. C, or any Government Agent
Records will be made covering only
land suitable for agricultural purposes, and which ts not timberland,
i.e., carrying over 5,000 board feet
per acre west of the Coast Range,
and 8,000 feet per acre east of that
Applications for pre-emptions are'
to be 4ddressed to the Land Commissioner of the Land Recording Division, ln which the land applied for
is situated, and are made on printed
forms, copies of which can be obtained from the Land <Com-tnisaloner.
Pre-emptions must be occupied for
Ave years a|nd Improvements made to
the value of Jio per acre, including
clearing and cultivating at least live
acres, before a Crown Grant cepi be
{For more detailed information see
the Bulletin 'Wow to Preempt Land."
Applications are received for purchase of vacant and unreserved
Crown Lands, not being timberland,
for agricultural purposes; minimum
prloe of first-class (arable) land ls
$5 per Here, and second-class (grating) land $2.50 per acre. Further
information regarding purchase or
lease of Crown land is given ln Bulletin No. 10, Land Series, "Purchase
and Lease of Crown Lunds."
Mill, factory, or Industrial sites on
timber land, not exceeding 40 acres,
may be purchased or leased, on conditions including payment of stumpage.
Unsurveyed  areas,  not .exceeding
20 acres, may be leased as homesltes,
conditional upon a   dwelling   being
erected ln the) first year, title being
obtainable   after   residence and improvement    conditions    i-p-e  fulfilled
and land has been surveyed.
For   graaing   and   industrial purposes areas not exceeding 640 acres
may   be   leased by one person or a)
Under the Oraalng Act the Province is divided Into graslng districts
Bnd die range administered under a
Orating Commissioner. Annutfl graslng permits are Issued based on numbers ranged, priority being siven to
(established ownvrs. Stock owners
may form associations for range management. Free, or partially free, permits are available for settlers, campers and travellers up to ten head.
Wholesale and Kctaii
Columbia Avenue and
lake Street
Palace Barber Shop
Razor Honing a Specialty?
Bl   .It 11
lluvoiia Ciy'irs, Pipe*
Imperial Billiard Parlor
Gnnd Forka, B. C.
a7e. wm**,.
kiHiiinic-n Mo.iuiiientnl W«r><«
Aabralm P-rodnr •> Co. Itoofimi
BOX 33?
BRAND Fl-m **.
f!onl,   Wood nnd   Ice
for Sole
Office  nt   R.   F.  Pctrfe's Store!?. A   Z. PARE,  p   •-*" ar
Phone 64 I     --FIRST 8T, NEXT P. BURNS'
uttiiture MacV  to O Im
Also Repairing Hi nil •
[ipiiosst-ru-infr, Nentlv   i • i


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